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Full text of "KARTA - Russian Independet Historical and Human Rights Defending Journal N43-44."

43-44 



www.karta.org 




RUSSIAN INDEPENDENT HISTORICAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDING JOURNAL 




POCCMHCKHH HesaSHCMMbIM 
HCTOpMHeCKMH M 

npaB03amnTHbin wypnan 

AApec: 

390000, Poccmh, r PwyaHb, 

nn. KocttooiKp, 3. 

Ann nMct*M: 390000, Poccmh, 

PflaaMb-MOHTp, a/a 20. 

Teji./4>aKc: (0912) 25-51-17 

E-mail: karta@hro.org 

h ttp : //www. k arta . org 

ynpeflMTenb: 

PeAaKUMn HeaaBMCMMOw 

f 330Ibl aPftSaHCKMM BBCTHHK". 

)KypHa/i 3apernCTpnpoBaH 
MuHMCTepctBOM nenaTH ti 
MHcpopMauMH 29.12.1992. 
CBMASTenbCTBO o peraCTpauMM 
Nl 01040. 

DiaBHMH peaarrop 
Ah Ape u BnMHyuiuH 

PeflaKUHn: 



(On mo CepeAa 
MpMHa Xo/tMoropcNan 

BJI3AMMKP XOflMOropCKMH 

fleTp MwniHep (noiibiua) 

MHeHMA asiopoe He o6«3aTeribno 
coenaaatox c tohkom jponwo 

peA3KUHM. 

CoxpaHHoCTb pyKortHccM , 

<JioT0Ma repna/ioa u AOKyMemos 

rapsHTHipyeTCfl 

Ho eonpocaM noAnwcKH Ha 

«Kapry» oOpauiaibcu a 

peaanunKi. 

KoMnbwie p h a n sep c TKaj 
IO. Cepefla 

OrneiaTaHO 0O0 "CEPBHC" 

pH33Hb, 

y/i. MHTepHauMOHa/ibHas, 

A. 1 «r«. 

3a*a3 N° 466. 

flenaTbocticpTHaM. 
TMpa* 2000 MO. 

rioAnMcaHO b nesaTb 10.1 1 .2005. 

ToxibKO aa« 6ecn/iaTHoro 
pacnpoci paHeHun . 




CoflepjKaHMe HOMepos. 43-44 



HPABA HEJ10BEKA 
5 

3onCBETOBA 

yMeHwu Maopb CymsauH, 
npeaugeHm llymuH 
u nucbMO akageMukoB 

■ Mbi o6pamunucb h Bau nomoMy, vmo Ghinu 
ydemdenu a HeeuHoenocmu Msopft CymmtiHa 
OveeudHo, wno ecnu npou30iuna 
HedonycmuMast e uuaunu3oeanHOM o6mecmee 
owuGxa, mo Kmo-mo o6R3an ee ucnpaeuntb 
few Sonee. ecnu h amou ouiudxe npu^acmnu 
cneucny>tc6bi. » 




8 



AkageMuk PuHaSypa o «AunoBbix npoueccax» 

flaypeam Ho6eneecKou npeutuu axadeMUK Bumanuu rtasapeewi 
fuH36ype Hassan man naabieaeMbte «ujnuoncxue dena* yneHbix 
BaneHtnuna flamtnoaa u \Azopn Cymmuna «nunoebiMu 
npoueccami, opsanu3oeaHHbiuu onpedenennbtMii npyzatAu. 
xomopbie xomam 3apa6omamb na amoM dene xanuman» 



Meopb CymnzuH: u3 nucbMa k Mamepu 

« ..Mm eepunu e mo. vmo ecmb. ecmb ntodu do6pbie u vecmnhie 
- u vmo me. pa3ee amo «e maif? J]a Mem me, niodu amu 
noddepxuaanu eac (u Mena), ohu na ynuuax nodxodunu, 
jeoHunu. nucanu. nmoS monbm ciiaaamb. vmo ohu we coanacww 
c npoujeonoM». 

nOPTPET 

10 

(puauku, Aupuku, guccugeHmbi, npafio.iamumnu 

MHmepebio C npaaojauninwuKOM 

BanenmuHOu rEOTEPOM. 

« odHaxdbi Mbi exanu U3 Awoii- 

Mapmana. doposa edonb necononocbi, u 

com iepea wac 6una apmunnepun s 

cmopohy sop Mbi edeM no nycmou 

dopoze. hukozo Hem, a ceepxy. vepea 

use. nemftm cHapndbt.-.» 

HPABA ME^OBEKA 






ku 




19 

A/ieKcaHflp HEPKACOB 

Haka3aHue uau naNianib o jkepmBax? 
tilpecmynneHun npodonmatomcR, npeodonee py6em 
mbtcfwenemuu A 'napmuunbie u aocydapcmeeHHbie denm&nu". 
adodaeOK k cnoxouHoS cmapocmu. nonyminu noCMepmnyio 
cnaey Coeemcxoe duccudenmcmeo denano ynop na naMnmu o 
mepmeax. a omniodb ne na naKa3anuu nananeQ HoneMy? 
XpucmuancKan mpadunuu npomue aernxosaaemHou? He 

3H3IO...B 



Ooto hi 1-m cip. qojioxkh: nonMT3aKnK>H6MHbiH Hropb CymrHH. 2005 r. 




QFOKKTB 

CaHXT-neT«pflyprc*aP Hay^Ho-*mpopwaitHOHWHK Ubhtp «K« i jappa.T» 



ty-iara*. aject au wi«t« no3«axo>.:«TCi< e p33Kuui! uyaaniu 
Pocc^li CTpaM BoctotiHflP Eiponu a Aasta, paflaTam**jH no TeM.- 11 
MCTopKw coaeTcsora Teppop3» rj-iara k pcTapH" conpoTKB.ien*i_ r 
na.iyiHTi ap**tTaB4en^e * ttHiJopuanHn ofl vxcnozxnKKX, BucTaBtrax, 
vyjeBHiir KHKnuiTitBax, noana*oi:iiT»c« c ancBoHaTaun <ponjia» k 



25 oxTaflps SOOS roia cocTon.ici! llenjKapaaKBB eenimsp 
*B«pTyai»Kiif! uyaeB ryjaraj at «»*» it peaj«3anuii». .. 



MEMOPMAJ1 



S1006 HHU,.M»nwp,Mni./enva* memoriita'gurjjmj-fjn Kg 



eJr fo*t. 



25/10, 

Ctp«h : J 
M/ae*e: fi8 



■0 .Vf;»»- 



4;jjs24 J r.rjtJO^' 



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jj»*.»»*» m^a^e: 



NED 



)KypHaji «KapTa» bwxoamt ripn noAAepncKe <J>OHfla 
National Endowment for Democracy (NED) 



(IpaBHTenbCTBO KoponeBCTBa 
HMflepnaHflbi 



OnpMa «Bpnr-0» 

(PnsaHb) 




HaC nOAACpHtHBaAH: 

nporpaMMa Manwx rpaHTOB 

PoCCMiiCKO-AMepMKaHCKOt 1 

ripoeKTHOM Tpynnbi no npasawi 
nenoBeKa (MocxBa) 

AO «Pokc» 
(PB3aHb) 



Ooha Oopfla 
(BaLUMHrroH) 



OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE 

MHCTMTyT "OTKpblTOe 

06iuecTB0" (MocKBa), 
d>OHfl flwopflwa Copoca 



ft 



mmam 



MewflynapOAHoe mctophko- 
npocBeTurenbCKoe h 
npaB03amnTHoe o6mecTBO 
«MeMopnan» 



^^ AreHTCTBO CLUA 
USADD no Me>KAyHapoflHOMy Pa3BMTwo 

MHCTMTyT fleMOKpaTwn b 
Bocto4hom Eepone 

(BaLuwHrTOH-BapLiiaBa) 

0OHA «EBpa3MB» 
(BaLUMHfTOH) 

Mil «fleKop» (PflaaHb) 




1M s 5PZ»y 



OupMa oprrexHUKM 

AHTOHMyca ryrrepMaHa 

(fepMaHMfl) 



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Cok>3 no yxoAy 3a MornnaMw 

wepTB BOMHbi n penpeccHii 



ill 



06mecTBeHHbiii L(eHTp YC^rf?* 
(Bapwaea) ,vc " lcl 

nonnrpa4>HMecKafl <t>npMa ; ps^, v ^a*M 
neTepa JloMMaHa (l~epMannH) L ---,-. .''^^■™ 



Ooha nonbCKo-MeiucKO- 

C/iOBauKoii ConnAapHOCTH 

(Bapujaaa) 




npaBOSaiMMTHblM 00 ha «3a 

rpawaaHCKoe o6mecTB0» 
(MocKBa) 



«MAJlAfl TPA>KAAHCKAfl». MOCKBA, 1993 



HHTAHTEB CJIEAyKHUEM HOMEPE 





POCCMHCKHH HesaSHCMMbIM 
HCTOpMHeCKMH M 

npaB03amnTHbin wypnan 

AApec: 

390000, Poccmh, r PwyaHb, 

nn. KocttooiKp, 3. 

Ann nMct*M: 390000, Poccmh, 

PflaaMb-MOHTp, a/a 20. 

Teji./4>aKc: (0912) 25-51-17 

E-mail: karta@hro.org 

h ttp : //www. k arta . org 

ynpeflMTenb: 

PeAaKUMn HeaaBMCMMOw 

f 330Ibl aPftSaHCKMM BBCTHHK". 

)KypHa/i 3apernCTpnpoBaH 
MuHMCTepctBOM nenaTH ti 
MHcpopMauMH 29.12.1992. 
CBMASTenbCTBO o peraCTpauMM 
Nl 01040. 

DiaBHMH peaarrop 
Ah Ape u BnMHyuiuH 

PeflaKUHn: 



(On mo CepeAa 
MpMHa Xo/tMoropcNan 

BJI3AMMKP XOflMOropCKMH 

fleTp MwniHep (noiibiua) 

MHeHMA asiopoe He o6«3aTeribno 
coenaaatox c tohkom jponwo 

peA3KUHM. 

CoxpaHHoCTb pyKortHccM , 

<JioT0Ma repna/ioa u AOKyMemos 

rapsHTHipyeTCfl 

Ho eonpocaM noAnwcKH Ha 

«Kapry» oOpauiaibcu a 

peaanunKi. 

KoMnbwie p h a n sep c TKaj 
IO. Cepefla 

OrneiaTaHO 0O0 "CEPBHC" 

pH33Hb, 

y/i. MHTepHauMOHa/ibHas, 

A. 1 «r«. 

3a*a3 N° 466. 

flenaTbocticpTHaM. 
TMpa* 2000 MO. 

rioAnMcaHO b nesaTb 10.1 1 .2005. 

ToxibKO aa« 6ecn/iaTHoro 
pacnpoci paHeHun . 




CoflepjKaHMe HOMepos. 43-44 



HPABA HEJ10BEKA 
5 

3onCBETOBA 

yMeHwu Maopb CymsauH, 
npeaugeHm llymuH 
u nucbMO akageMukoB 

■ Mbi o6pamunucb h Bau nomoMy, vmo Ghinu 
ydemdenu a HeeuHoenocmu Msopft CymmtiHa 
OveeudHo, wno ecnu npou30iuna 
HedonycmuMast e uuaunu3oeanHOM o6mecmee 
owuGxa, mo Kmo-mo o6R3an ee ucnpaeuntb 
few Sonee. ecnu h amou ouiudxe npu^acmnu 
cneucny>tc6bi. » 




8 



AkageMuk PuHaSypa o «AunoBbix npoueccax» 

flaypeam Ho6eneecKou npeutuu axadeMUK Bumanuu rtasapeewi 
fuH36ype Hassan man naabieaeMbte «ujnuoncxue dena* yneHbix 
BaneHtnuna flamtnoaa u \Azopn Cymmuna «nunoebiMu 
npoueccami, opsanu3oeaHHbiuu onpedenennbtMii npyzatAu. 
xomopbie xomam 3apa6omamb na amoM dene xanuman» 



Meopb CymnzuH: u3 nucbMa k Mamepu 

« ..Mm eepunu e mo. vmo ecmb. ecmb ntodu do6pbie u vecmnhie 
- u vmo me. pa3ee amo «e maif? J]a Mem me, niodu amu 
noddepxuaanu eac (u Mena), ohu na ynuuax nodxodunu, 
jeoHunu. nucanu. nmoS monbm ciiaaamb. vmo ohu we coanacww 
c npoujeonoM». 

nOPTPET 

10 

(puauku, Aupuku, guccugeHmbi, npafio.iamumnu 

MHmepebio C npaaojauninwuKOM 

BanenmuHOu rEOTEPOM. 

« odHaxdbi Mbi exanu U3 Awoii- 

Mapmana. doposa edonb necononocbi, u 

com iepea wac 6una apmunnepun s 

cmopohy sop Mbi edeM no nycmou 

dopoze. hukozo Hem, a ceepxy. vepea 

use. nemftm cHapndbt.-.» 

HPABA ME^OBEKA 






ku 




19 

A/ieKcaHflp HEPKACOB 

Haka3aHue uau naNianib o jkepmBax? 
tilpecmynneHun npodonmatomcR, npeodonee py6em 
mbtcfwenemuu A 'napmuunbie u aocydapcmeeHHbie denm&nu". 
adodaeOK k cnoxouHoS cmapocmu. nonyminu noCMepmnyio 
cnaey Coeemcxoe duccudenmcmeo denano ynop na naMnmu o 
mepmeax. a omniodb ne na naKa3anuu nananeQ HoneMy? 
XpucmuancKan mpadunuu npomue aernxosaaemHou? He 

3H3IO...B 



Ooto hi 1-m cip. qojioxkh: nonMT3aKnK>H6MHbiH Hropb CymrHH. 2005 r. 



oceHb 2005 



www.karta.org 



21 



«MejkgyHapogHan AMHUcmuH» o npo&AeMe 4cmhu 

«He/ib3fl 3acmaennmb niod&u ogckohbvho cmpadamb. Aapeccuewwe eoewMwe cpedcmea do 
ceaodHmiJHeao dw« max u «e npuaenu x ycnaxy <. > Hu odno npaeumenbcmeo we noouipnem 
cenapamu3M, ho e mo xe epeMit u y noecmamiee MOsym 6bimb eecxue nptwuHbi dnn eedenun 
6opb6bi. HyxHo ucxamb moixu conpuxocH0B8HUft». 



3HAK BEflbl 



H0Ki$H2 RJBK. 

■ 



USxlm.a *"• f if*' *V •' 



' M . 



:-i 



*>•<' *M«t- «*/*■* ( a» «r. 
I'm diu.iJtf'C Sit, 
mkmji W- Ui f, fit*- 



22 

Jinn nEHTKOBCKAfl 

O JDlaBuge PyStmoBime u eeo gHeBHuke 

t/Jaeud PyduHOBiw. eepeucxuu Manb-tux us nonbcxou depemu Kpauno, 
Haeceada ocmanca 6w odnoQ U3 deiuMRmtbtx xepme Xonoxocma, 
uc4e3nyauiux 6ea cneda. ecnu 6w we numb hiohkux uixonbHbix mempa- 
deu. ucrwcaHHbtx cmapamenbHbtM yvenunecKUM newep*OM. - eeo 
dHeenuK. o6napy>KeHHhtu cnyvaQno». 

27 

ZlHeBHuk flaBuga PyBuHoBuna 

ii Kax monbxo nonaumcfi xomb cauast Manas* wadewda, xax monbxo 
saceemum dna wac MamocenbxuQ oaonex, max cpa3y Hadeunemcft 
xanaff-Mudydb aposa u aceuy xoHeu.». 



KPACHOE KOJ1ECO 
54 

WpwHaOflUHOKOBA 

>Kpe6uu MoBa 

Kjjea Cepzun - flampuapx u 3xsapx tlampttapxa - neunucb 3Haxo6biuu 
0uayp3Mu ceoeao Bpeuemi. eonnomue a ceoeti cydbde dea nymu PyccxoQ 
npaeocnaaHOu Uepxeu bo Bmopou Mupoaoti eoflwe Ohu o6a 6t>mu 
nampuomaMu, ofia tunu «a xounpoMuccbi c enacmauu. o6a we domunu do 
xoHua aouHbi u do cux nop ux peuiBHun u deOcmeuft naxodnm xax 
cmopOHHuxos. max u npomuBHuxoBM. 

76 

Ta/iMHa CTEn AHOBA- KJ1IOHHMKOBA 
KaaaxcmaHckuu AA>kup 
<DpanweHT AOKyMeHTanbHOro noeecTBOBaHHn 
«- 3a Kmo sac apecmoeanu? 

- He 3H3K). Ho-MoeMy, hu 3a vmo. Y Menu My* apecmoaan. 

- y Mewfl mo>xe Kmo aatu uytx? 

- GouBHm Mameuamuxu 

- A moij - noMotuHux Tynoneea, Cnbtmatiu o hbm? 

- KoneHHo A caM Ty nones? 

- Eso 3a6panu paHbiue Moeso Myixax. 

96 





ApceHHrtPOrMHCKHtf.AjieKcaHApAAHWaJlb 

«Apecmy nogAeAam >keMbi...« 

*...ucmopiiR KapazanduHCxozo nazepn 3aHUuaem oco6oe uecmo Hmbhho 
3decb a Havane 1938 s. hb 6a3e 26-zo mpydnocenxa dbtno omnpbtmo 
AxMonuHCxoe mghckos cneuomdenenue, odun ua mpex acmpoaoa 
"Apxunenaza P/HAH, xyda enacmb CB03una max. xmo nonyvun ceou cpoxu 
3axnxweHtm xax ""•/CWw" - 'went* ceMed u3mshhijxob poduHbr». 



CoAepwaHwe HOMepoe 43-44 



BOSBPALUEHHblE HMEHA 

100 

«TeppopucmimeckaH apynna... ncomoB 

«3my KHuey HeeosuoMHo npowmamt. «a odwoM dbixamiu M de/io Me e moM, wjo e ne(i 6e3 Manoao 
mucfwa cmpamm. flpocmo edea nu we hb xaxdou cmpanuue nepexeambteaem aopno. B amoii 
HHuse-aHtnonozuu cofipaww cmuxu cauux pasnbix niodeO 6necmmtttJX noamoa Cepe6pttHoao aexa 
u eem/ee mtmepamypnoeo aeanzapda, eenuxux (punoco&oe u penueuo3»bix Ubicnumeneu, 
"nponemapcxux' u 'xpecmbmcxux ' noamoo, eceMupno uaeecmnbix axadeMuvecxux yveuhtx u niodeu 
~Mano3n8Menumbix~ Mhqsux u mhozux» 

102 

Cmuxu y3Huko8 FYAAra 

Bo3epatuennbie i/wena donoiweHue k anmonozuu. 

M3u XapuK. Atiexcandp BeedeHCxuu. Eeaemiu 3a6emtH. (Opuu Qeoxmucmoe. Dee Keumxo. 

BnaduMttp CeudsuHcxuu, /Jaeud fotptumeuH 

110 

EBreHMM 3AXAPOB 

><He cyikgeno om ynacmu HaM ckpbimbCfl... 

«... A ceHmnQpR 1965 soda e nepenonneHHOM sane xuHomeampa 'Vxpauna' 

nocne moso, xax Mean /]3io6a coodmun 06 apecmax cpedu yxpauncKoQ 

UHmennusenu,uu, Cmyc c uecma zpouxo ex 33a n "Kmo npomue mupam/u - 

ecmaHbrne!" M nepebiM ecmanu 

113 

Bacn/ib CTYC 
3 c6opHuka «riaAUMncec:mbi» B nepeBoge MapAeHbi PaxAUHOu 




KPACHOE KOJ1ECO 
116 

PMMaHTacn/IEI^KHC 

PaguoueHaypa 

ttCexpemapb UK Kfinc £. HusaveB u npedcedamenb KrB B Uedpuxoe onwemimu. vmo 
'cpedcmaaMu danbueQ u 6nux<nBu sauiuntbt c pajwotf cmeneHbio j&tpexmueHOcmu nepexpbtaaiomcn 
peaiiOHbt empaww. a xomopux npoKiieatom oxono 100-130 mrh. venoaex' CnedoaamenbHO. oxono 
nonoeuHbt mumeneQ Coaemcxoao Coxisa uuenu eo3uo)xnocmb cnytuamb sanadnbte padttosonoca» 

137 



« fl 3HaA, age Haxogumcn „eAyuiumeAb"»... 

Anexcandp ConxeHuubw *BcnoMunaemcR cydbSa Cepzen XaHMenxoea, 
omcudeetueso 3a nonbiimy - unu dawe naMepeHue - eiopeamh «znyuiumenb» e 
MtiHcxe A eedb uexodst U3 oBmevenoeevecxux 3a6otn, nenb3n nonamb amozo 
npecmynHuxa uwave xax 6opua 3a eceoSmuu uup». 

140 

AHApeM&ilHHyUJOB 

CAbiiuy „eoAoc" us npekpacHoeo gaAeka» 
* ... kl wm ceupeneQ 'Co0bH Bnacbeena' znywuna 'aonoca*. met* donee 

coeepiuenHyio npueMHyio annapamypy mw docmaeanu u nepedenueanu 

'<Decmueanb~, "Cnudona". "Ka3axcman~, P-250. "Kanuna'. "Kpom" u npo^an-npOHatt-npOHanu 

142 

BwKTOpKy/lEPCKHI?! 
CnugoAa 

« Cnof,taHHbie "Cnudonu" npueodun e nopttdox HeouemiMbiti Cmaiuex Pycunex, nnen npaenemiR 
npo0coK>33 'ConudapHOcmb' Maaoeuu Cuacmnueo U36exae unmepnupoeaHUR. oh jaHUMa/jcw 
peuonmou mene* u paduomexHuxwt 




oceHb 2005 



www.karta.org 





145 

Kak Mbi CAyuiaAU «Bpa>keckue» aoAoca 

«Mbi e npocmome ceoeu dyManu. vmo, npopbieaacb cxao3b cunu u 
xpunu. MSHBCb no ztpupy a paccymdenuu. ade cnbtuinee - »a Bu-Bu-Cu 
unu "HeMeuKOu aonna", - ocyuxecmantteM axm nunnoao 
oceoSomdemifi om aceeudaweso oxa ...» 

nOPTPET 

158 

CBou 6 cBoeM aopoge 

MHmepabio c npaeosaiuumHUHOM U3 a. Open JjMumpueM KPAfOXMHbtM 
«B mom nepuod mw oveub mhozo tumanu, npopbiaanucb uepes cauusdam k 
sanadHou <paHmacmuKe Ona Heu3&emno sacmaennna ntodeu CMompemb na uup 
no-dpysouy. nepcnexmuBHO Bbi noMHume, xax sanpemunu "Kocmu^ecKyio Oducceto 
2010 soda"? » 

167 
TaThSHaJKHCUIMHA 

3akoHbi 3a3epkaAbn 

« Hy a bpama ceuvac e rpo3Mbiu nepeeenu, a CM30 06pawatomcn apode nopManbHO, aemnuao, u 
nepedauu y Menu npuHtiMatom. ti eoo6iue. ece xopoiuo . Ceu^ac Kan pas u3 CH30 udy. Mamb dm 
6pama zanyiuex cdenana. ny u etue noxytuamb M ece 83nnu. a cydouex wsaad eepHynw. - flusa 
cuRem ynbi6KOU...t> 

171 

HMKonafl BOrAAHOBMH 

Bepcuu, omBpotueHHbte CAegcmBueM 

K zodoewiiHe Hopd-Ocma. 

«f}io6ou ucxod deucmeuii "cunoeuKoa" 6ydem o6bneneH ycnetiJHbtu. noxa 'o6cnyMuaatouiu(i 

nepconan " - cnadoaamenu, MypHanucmbi, u m . n , - 6ydem aomoe ebinonnumb ~nio6ou npuxas 

ntodozo npaaumenbcmea" floxa cnoea 'penymauun". 'yeaxemie nonnes" u max da nee - ocmaiomcst 

nuiub cnoeaMu». 

179 

OpMiiBAOBMH 
noMeiwy? 

« Tlpo6n8Ma pacueema Hauuonanucmuvecnux spynn u zpynnupoaox a Poccuu cnomna u mhoboo6- 
pasna. 3mo — u couuanbnan HeycmpoeHHocmb aymcaudepoa. u omcymcmaue vemxux saxoHOda- 
menbHbix axmoa. u 3xcnnyamamm nceadonampuomimecxux no3ynzoe napmu»Mu u daumemiPMu. u 
6e3Haxa3anHOcmt> udaonoeoe coepeMBHHOao tpauiti3Ma...». 

181 

BopMcCTPyrAUKHfl 

3nuge,MUOAO?U4eckas naMnmka 

«0. mw npexpacno 3HaeM. wmo maxoe &au/u3M - HeMeuxuu &aiuu3M, oh *e - 
aumnepu3M. HaM u a zonoey we npuxodum. nmo cyuiecmeyem u dpyaou 
4>auiu3M. maxou me nozatibiQ, maxoQ J*e cmpauiHbiu. ho caoO, 
douopome hhu u » . 

183 

Bepa BACWJTbEBA 

tJmo c HaMu CAyquAOCb? 

irToeopftm. vmo ucmopim noemopnemcfi deaxcdbi: oditH pa3 xax mpazedun, 
dpysou - a aude (papca Ho ~4>&pc" nod naseanueM 'deno lOKOCa" na noaepicy 
oxasanctt ne MUM cmpauiHbm u xecmoxuM, 4©m uHbte mpazeduu npoiunosou 



gew*wnepeKHi«iiC6feaa| 
■JTparyCB050Bbl.TOHaiu»* 
iTOwxan fiyaeT HesejioMo.s-' 
a Korna-nHoo cyineoBoaajv, 



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PoccHMCKaH «KapTa» ocHoeaHa b Hoaopo 1992 ro/ja no MHMUMaTMSC nonbCKoro HC3aBnc«Moro HCToptmecKO- 
roMypHana "Kartan, Btixoaninero c «HBapn 1982 roaa. w pfl3aHCKoroooiyecTBa «MeMOpHan», yHpexgieHHO- 
ro b OKTfl6pe 1989 roaa. 



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K>IHHH CCKTOPOM BOeHHO-TeXHHHeCKOM It BOeH- 

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no/iHTMHecKHx McensAOBaKHH MHCTHTyraCLUA 
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pyfl OTKpblTblP MCT04HMKH. OnyfjJIHKOSaHHyK) 

HHCpopMaqHK), 06BMneH OCE b wnnoHame w 
paarnauieHHM ceeaeHMM o bo6hhom noTeHuna- 
ne. B anpene 2004 rofia npwroBopeH k 15 rO0MM 
/iMUteHMH CBo6ojqbi. 26 anpena 2004 roAa «Me>K- 
iiyHapoflHafl Amhhctmh» (Amnesty Interna- 
tional) npn3Hajia Hropn CymrMHa nonMTHMec- 

KHM 3aK/lHJ4eHHblM 




YMEHblW MTOPb CYTflrHH, 
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Capanyne YAMypTCKoii Peeny6nMKw. 

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cKHe TuxooKeaHCKwe BOflbi nponwBa XyaH-Ae-<t>yxa, 
c eiye uenwx «6aweH-6nM3Hei40B» CMOTpen Ha xa- 
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nan pexa». HanMcaHHoroMropeM CymrnHbiM h ony6- 
nwKOBaHHoro b kohohmwcxom raaeTe «BecrHHK-5». 

AABOKaT AHHa CTaBHu,Kan npnB63/ia 3To na,qa- 
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boaht b 6vt6nnoTeKe. mhoto 3aHMMaeTcsi waAaHtteM 
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CBeAennflM, CQAepxcaLijMM rocyAapcTBeHHyto Taw- 
ny. o6BHHnnn b tom, hto oh oepeAaBan HHCpopMa- 
l|mio HHOCTpaHHbiM ujnmOHaM BnpOMeM. cyAy we 
yaanocb AottaaaTb, mto Te mccrpaHHwe rpa>*(flaHe, 

C KOTOpblMH BCTpe4anC9 COTpyAHMK HHCTMTyT3 

CLUA n KaHaAbi PAH, 6binn peskiaeHTawn KaKHX- 
nn6o paaaeAOK. 

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ytyepS Poccmh CyTariiH HaHec Teiwi. hto. no ero 
co6cTBeHHOMy npHanaHwio Aennnca nHcpopMaqn- 
eit. noMepnMyTOM mm wa oTtcpbiTbix mctohhmkob 

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cpOK H33H3neHHbiii eMy cyflbevi Mocropcyaa MapH 
how KoMapOBOii. LuOKupoBann MHorwx b Pocchh 

AABOKaTbi yrsep»tflanii , mto npnca>KHbie He 
6binn6ecnpMCTpacTHbi, a no KpatiHew MepeoA^H m 



*w* una org 



4 HPABA filOBEKA 



hhx cKpun npM oioope b xonnerwto, mo paSoTan b 
KrB, a shbhht, He HMe/i npasa npuHHMaTb yHacme 
b paccMOTpeHWH flena 

Ho BepxoBHbiw cyfl Pd> ocTaen/i 6es M3MeHeHH« 
npuroBOpMocropcyAa: 15neTjinujeHwncBo6oflbi A 
3to b Hatuefi doccmAckow cyfleSHOw cvtcreMe 03Ha- 
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CBOH CPOK OT 3B0HKa AO 3B0HK3 

Ha HaAsopHbie KHCTaHMMn HaAesTbCfl He npw- 
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Batb na ycnoBHo-AocposHoe ocBo6oxAeHne. 3hs- 
4MT. CyrnrMH, KOTopbifi npocvtAei noA CTpawen ywe 
riHTbJieT. AonweH npoBecTM b kojiohmw eme dOJibKO 
Me 

EcTb npaBAS, eme oflna BOSMOWHOCTb ocbo- 
DOAHTbca paHbUjecpoxa. 3to — noMnnoBaHHenpe- 
3HAeHTa Poccmm 

OceHbto 2004 rofla rpynna poccHftcuwx yneHbix. 
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/iHCb c nucbMOM k npesnAeHTy Poccuh Ohh npocn- 
nn rnaBy rocyAapcTBa noMwnoBaib CyrnrwHa 

ComacHO KOHCTnTyuMM PO npesHfleHT oftna- 
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B03MO>KHOCTb npOHBflflTb ryMaHHOCTb B HCKJIIOHM- 

TenbHbix cnynaflx. Kaaa/iocb. hto «Aeno Cyrflri4Ha» 
Kax paSTOTcaMbiM c/iynaM. I"1ohth OAHy TpeTb epoxa 
oh ywe oT6biji, h, KpOMe Toro, nwSoMy Mano-Ma/ib- 
ckh rpaMOTHOMy lOpucTy, 3HaxoMOMyc npnroBopoM 
no 3TOMy Aeny, oneBHflHO, hto yneHwii HeBHHOBen. 

Ka3anocb, hto noMHnoBanne CyrqrHHa Sbino 
6bi KpacuBbiM jKecTOM Ann npe3naeHTa B nanane 
aecHw nneHbi 06meCTBeHHOro KOMwreTa samMTbi 
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CTBeHHoro KOMwTeTa <t>CB. KOTopwe Berm Ae/10 Cy- 
TaniHa Te Aanw noHRTb. hto He SyAyT B03pawaTb 
npoTUB noNiunoeaHHfl 

Ho epeMfl uino, a oraeTa Ha nvtCbMO atcaAeMH- 
kob He Sbino 

He AO>KAaBiiJMCb OTBeTa ot npesnAem-a nym- 
na. Hfienw OSmecTBeHHoro KOMmeTa 3au4WTbi yne- 
Hbtx Hanncanw rnaee rocyAapcrBa hoboc nwcbMO 

« VeaxaeMbtG a-w np63udeHm! 

OceHbK) 2004 aoda pad denmeneQ nynbrnypu, 
u3eecmHbix ynewwx u npedcmaaumeneu o6me- 
cmeetiHbix opaaHuaau,uu odpamunucb k BaM c 
npocbdoQ o noMunoeanuu yvenoso. 6bieiueao co- 
mpydmiKa UHcmumyma CtlJA u Kanadbi Maopft Ba- 
wecnaeoet/wa CymxeuHa. HunaKOu peamt'u ne noc- 
nedoeano Bu u Bam annapam npoMorwanu Mbi 
daxe ne 3naeM, nona3anu nu BaM name o6pame- 
Hue 

Mbi o6pamunuCb k BaM nomoMy. nmo 6btnu 
y6encdehbt e HeeuMOenocmu S4sopfi Cymttsuna. O^e- 
eudHO, vmo ecnu npomouwa HedonycmuMaa e uu- 
aunujoeaHHOM odmecmeeoiuudxa, moKmo-moo68- 
33H ee ucnpaeumb Teiw 6onee, ecnu k amoO ouiu6- 
ne npiwacmHbi cneu,cnyw6bi floMunoeaHue peno- 



emcR m$M aumoM, xosda y mex. Kmo ocydun Cymn- 
auHa. ocmanocb 6w omyuienue nopHoQ ceoeu npa- 
aombi, a y oSmecmea - Munocepdun enacmu eoo6- 
uie u npe3udeHrna a vacmHOcmu. 

Ho dawe e 3moM Cymasuny u npedcmaaume- 
hrm odmecmeeHHOcmLi 6btno, xan menepb noHPm- 
ho. omtcaaaHo 6e3 oGbxcneHUB npuvun u 6e3 yee- 
doMneHUR 06 omraae. Mo/!«va. xaK so epewewa UK 
KI1CC muHcmaHnust» omeemoe ne daem Ho mo 
sedb 6bina «UHcmaHu.ufi» momamimapHoao aocy- 
dapemaa Bonee moeo, 33K0Hbi P0 He noaeo/iwrom 
o6o0mu maKoti cepbe3Hbtu eonpoc MorwanueM 

Tamn no3uuuR ebictneu enacmu e empane ece 
e donbuieu cmeneHu yoexdaem wac e moM. nmo e 
dene CymttauHa uMenoMecmoHe3a6ny)KdeHue, He 
OLuuBxa enedemeuft 0CB. npoxypamypbi u cyda, a 
coseptueHHO co3namenbHoe HaapoMoxdeHue 6e3- 
doi<a3amenbHbix odeuneHuti - <pa6puKau,un yso- 
noenozo dena. 

flopowoe eduHcmeo enedemaua. npoKypamy- 
pbi u cyda. eHedpenue e cocmae npucRXHbtx co- 
mpydnuKoe cneucnyxG (e dene GytmaUHU - fl*u- 
muivuh) no3eonnem, Kcomanenuio. nod nprnpumu- 
eM ceKperrtHocmu. deQcmeoearrib aonpexu aaxo- 
h8m. enpaeednueoemu u coeecmu u nuuiHuu pa3 
nodvepKueaem 3nou yMbicen veKucmoe, Komopbie. 
hsk u a mpuduambie eodbt. npodonxaiom cpa6puKo- 
eamb oesdoxaaamenbHbie yzonoanbie dena c m*w- 

KUMU OOBUHeHUflMU. 

rtpe3udeHm o6*3aH u mob 6bi ocmaHoeumb 
amom nosophbtu npou3eon, ho ne denaem amoso 
ZJ/wj o6mecmea 6e3pa3nw4HO - ne xonem unu ne 
Moxem Ho 3/no ceudemenbcmeyem o mecHou cen- 
3u anaebi aocydapemea «e c 3amnoM, a c 6ecnpe- 
denbHoO no cymecmay enacmbio veKiicmoa 

Bonee eceao wac nompBcaem Mcmumenb- 
Hocmb cneu,cnyx(6. B nocnednue HecKonbxo Mecn- 
uee. Koada do naaepa, ade codepxumcR \A. Cymst- 
auH. douina uHtpopuauuft o 603mo>khom noMunoaa- 
huu, us neeo cmanu 6yneanbno eudaenueamb npu- 
3Hanue euHbi Sea amoeo. eoeopnm euy, o noMuno- 
eanuu ne Moxem Cbtmb u pew H. B CymnzuH, ec- 
mecmeeHHO, onwa3ancRnpu3Haeamb Hacywecmey- 
KHuyio euHy 

Mbi3HaeM, <tmo 89cmambtt KoHcmumyuuu P<P 
npedocmaenstem npe3Udenmy aoconiomHoe npaeo 
noMunoeanup u ne osoeapueaem npu amoM nuxa- 
hux oapaHUHumenbHbix ycnoeuQ Tonbxo Bu e npa- 
e@ npuHPnib peiuenue o noMunoeanuu He3aaucuMo 
om nto6bix o6cmortmenbcma, cemaHHbix c kohk- 
perrtHbiM denoM. u neaaeucuMO om no3uu,uu oxpy- 
xatomux Bac wHoeHuxoe. 

YeaxaeMbtu BnaduMup BnaduMupoeuy. om 
umbhu nodnucaetuux nepeoe o6pauieHue k BaM 
npocuM Bac eepnymbca k eao paccMompeHuio u 
nponeumb no omHOtueHuio k W B CymazuHy »uno- 
cepdue 



KAPT* - NH3— 44 J005 



4 rtPABA MEJtDBEKA 




Waopb CyntftetiH - saK/itoveHHbtG nazepn P^*9 1/5 a Capanyn Mad 2005 s 



*w* kana org 



4 HPABA HEJIDIERA 



C yeameHueM. 

fl M Anexceeea ~ MocKoecnaR XenbcUHKCKaB 

epynna, 

H A iloHOMapee - 00/7 » 3a npaea 4e/Joee*a». 

K>. A Phtmoe - axadeMux PAH. 

A n TxaveHKO - Pyccxuu nen-u,enmp. 

3M yepHbiG - omeemcmeeHHbiu ceKpemapb 

06uiecms6HHoao KOMumema 3am umtu yueHbix, 

A. B RSnoKoe - HnBH-KoppecnoHdenm PAH. » 

npoumoflBa MecsLja, n Ha hms OAHoro ns«noA- 
nwcaHTOB» — rtpeAceaaTenn Mqckobckoa Xent>- 
cwhkckow rpynnw JltOAMHnw AneKceeeoii — wa aa- 
MHHMtrrpaLiiivi npesMAenTa npmiien OTBeT Oxaaa- 
jiocb. ^to rnaBa rocyaapcTBa «nponHtpopMwpoB3H 

KOnneKTMBHOM 06paLqeHHW», HO «B COOTBeTCTBHM 

en. 3 noriOJKeHHH o nop«A*e paccMOTpeHHB xoab- 
raficTB o noMnnoBaHwvi b PoccHttaKOfi <t>eABpauwn. 
yTBepJKAenHoro YKa30M npesHAeHta P* ot 28 Ae- 
KaSpfl 2001 r , Ann ocymecTBneHws npoqeAypbi no- 
MMnoaaHMfl HeoSxoAMMO xoAaTaftCTBO ocyxyieHHa- 
ro o nOMmiOBaHMM, c kotopwm oh o6pamaeTCn « 
npesnAeHTy P<P b nMCbMeHHOii cpopMe. CymrnH c 
t3khm xOAaTaiiCTBOM He oGpamancnw. 

OopMynnpoBKa OTBeTa Ha «nncbMO anaAeMn- 
kob» npeACTaBfiflerca HecKO/ibKO nyKaBow Bo-nep- 
Bbix, no cnoBaM aABOtcaia Ahhw CTaBWLjKOft. Cyra- 
rciH Hanncan xoAaraiicTBo (ho omxasbieancft a hbm 
npu3Hamb ce6* 8uhobhom u xa- 
pmbCR-npuM pedaKLiuu «Kap- 
mbi») 

BO-BT0pblX, B KOHCTMTy- 

Umm, KOTOpan flBnneTcsOcHOB- 

HblM 33KOHOM CTpaHbl He CK3- 

aaHo, mto c xoAaTa^cTBOM o 
noMnnoB3Hnn Aon)KeH o6pa- 
maTbCfl caM ocyjKABHHbifi He- 
CKonbKO MecflMes HaaaAcoseT- 
hmk npe3HAS HT a Ah3tojim« 

npHCraBKHHOGbHCHfl/l MHe. HTO 

«b cnynae CyrnrnHa mokho 
Obino 6bi o6okiTMCb m oea cpop- 
ManbHOcrefi». 

nonynaeTcn, petunnn Bce- 

TaKM «C06J1K)CTH CpOpMa/lbHOC- 

tm»... 

A 3T0 3HaMMT. HTO OUIMOKy 

poccuMCKoro npaBOcyAHfl w rto- 
nuTHMecKoii 6nn3opyKocTn 6y- 
AeT ncnpaBnaTb EBpona flOK- 
naA^HK nACE HenpeMeHHO 

oopatHT BHuwaHiie eBpaneuc- 
kwx. napnaMeHTapnee Ha MaHH- 
nynnpoBaHwe cyAOM npucflw- 

HblX. KOTOpoe, no MH6HHI0 mho- 

pwx SKcnepTOB. hmbho Mecro 
npw paccMOTpeHHw Aena poc- 
CMMCKoro ynenoro Konnerweti 
npucnwHbix saceAaTenert 



B Aot^aAe 6yAeT roBopwTbCfl n o A©ne Apyroro 
poccHiiCKoro yMeHoro - 0«3MKa BaneHTMHa flaHH- 
noBa (npw paccMOTpeHnneroAenaBcyAenpnc«>K- 
Hbix ratoKe HMe/iM MecTo cepbesHbie npoueccyarib- 
Hwe HapyuieHMfl, CBS3aHHbie c He3aK0HHbiM cocTa- 
bom KonnerHn npucfiwHbix } 

B03M0WH0, ywe b cneAyromeM toay HaMHeTcsi 
«ABH)KeHne» no )«ano6e Mropn CyTHrwHa b Eepo- 
neMCKOM cyAe no npaBaw HenofleKa, Echm cyA npH- 
3HaeT. 4to ero npaBa 6binw HapymeHbi , to. cornacno 
poccMvtCKOMy yrtK, BepxoBHbtti cyA AonweH 6yAeT 
Ha3HaHviTb HOBoe paccMOTpeHwe 3Toro A«na 

A cornacHO MHenmo aABOKaTOB b OTHOiueHMn 
CymrviHa 6bina HapyiueHa CTaTbfl 7 EBponeiicKOM 
KOHBeHMMH o 3aujnTe npae <HenoeeKa v\ ochobhux 
cboooa oh 6wn npn3Han BHHOBHbiM b npecrrynne- 
hmm, KOTOporo b Poccmh He cyiiiecTByeT 

Amnesty International npn3Hana CymrHHa no- 
nuTn^ecKMM 3aKfii04eHHbiM. Oh — eAHHCTBeHHwii 
o0MUMa/ibHo npHsnaHHWft Amnesty nonwaeK b ho- 
bov\ Poccmh MaMeHwno nw 3tomto-to Bero cyAb6e"> 
TpyAHO CKa3aTb 3aTo MSBecTHo. hto coBeiCKHe 
nonnT33KM BbiuinM na ceo6oAy TonbKOTorAa. KorAa 

CMeHUnCB peJKMM ... 



AKAflEMMK rMH3ByPr 

o «nnnoBbix npouEccAx» 

Jlaypear Ko6eaeBCKOfl 

npCMiitt aKaacMtiK Biiranuii 
JlasapeBiiM I iiiumpr naiBa;i 
■iakHa;ihiBaeMbie«iujiiK>iiCMH.- 
jejiawvHCHWx BauitfUTima/Ia- 
HHJioBa h Hrops Cyiarnna 

lllllOHblVMI npOUCCCLtMII. 

upiLiiuno»amii.[vni onpene- 
.iciuiUMH KpyraMM, KOTOpblC 

XOTdT 3apa60TBTh H3 3TOM 

^e,ie Kariitrai'). 

AKa.aeMiiK BHTaaml Phh- 

tfiypr ocooo noBHcpKHy.i. i nro 

i .tKiic npoiicccu HaHocrror- 

poMHbifi Bpen Hauiefi crpaHcw. 

ManoMiitiM, hto yicnbic, 

cpe.iM KO'iopbix cevib aKajie- 

mhkob it acorn. HncHOB-KoppecnoKaeHTOB PoccufeKofi AKajieMIIIf 

JlavK, aOMmtpxjUO&ti hto ociTOBHbie pc3\vibTaTbi HccficaoaaHiin 

BaiCHTHHa /lamtnoBa >we jaano ony G.THKOBaiibi b otKpbiTbix maa- 

hhsx, a noTOMy hc Moryr nBjt«Tbc« rocyaapcTfleHHofi TafitioH. 

llpaBo-iauiHTHUcopraHH jaumi chht3)ot yneHbix Ba.i»n Hiinaila- 
HiuiOBa h Mrops CymrMHa *TpTBaMH inMAeMHH uinHOHOMaiiHM. 
oxBaTiiBiueft pocciiflcKHe cneucTVTKObi. 




-ItAPTA - W<Mt J0O4 






4 UPAM 4EJ10BEKA 



HFOPb CYTHrMH: M3 nHCbMA K MATEPH 

«...Tw muueiub. lima: «ceflHac HaMHHaercsi hobuiI 3tan stamen XM3HH. 51 noica tie waio, tcaK 
y MeHJi bc2 noRaeT. llOTepJiHa Bepa bo Bce\» A ae/ib 3to we thk! Bot jaeaRre may MaeMCH a bo 
hto Bepa-TO norepsHa? 

M1.1 Bcpii.'in b to. hto ecrb. ecrb moan joopwc it necTHbie - h hto we. pa jag rro ne Tax? JJa Her 
we. nKfflM 3TH tioaaep>KHBa,iH sac (h mchs). ohh iia yjivmax noaxoaiLin. jbohhjih. n»ca.m. 'itoS 

TO.IbKO CKB'iaTb. HTO OHH lie COHiaCHbl C tipOH JBO.IOM. 

JUa. 8 opramiJoaaHHOCTH Mbi, ohh - nect nue h joopwe - ycTynaeM tcm, jpyi hm (laaopHOB 
ciMcnii "xopoiunv iKvieii oo:ibiiiMHetBO, im ti.ioxite Jiyitiie opraiiinoBafiw •). Ho Bejib ecu. 
TairTaHTJiHBbje opraHHiaropbi h cpenn Hac. h Beab ne oeueRcTBVfOT ohh, - tbk hto He riio.ihc BepHO 
6buio 6bt cKaiaTb ,iawe h to, hto. mo;!, nonaepwica ot aoGpux 11 'lecTHbix Jiiojiefi 6o/ibuic KaKaa- 
to HeMaTepiianbHO-MajionpojiyKTHBHaJi. hto mi. 

Tax hto we - no-MoeMy, Bepa b .aoGpoTV ti hccthocti. niojiefl He mnbKo ne nponana. lie 
noTeps.iacb. a. HatiportiB. nauiiia AOBOJibHO-roKii ipuvioc CBoe" niuTRepwiieniie h Bon.iouieniie. 

To ecrb b 'ieM-T«. HasepHoe. ;tawe oKpen/ia? Bot avuimib. MaMa. - a Tbi tOBopmub! Bciiomhiitc 
cms it 06 o'leiii, mhoi o'liicieiinotl KoroprcriioaeR. KOTOpwe ti k a.iacTHM oopauiaiOTOi c npocbOofl 
h TpcfioBaimcM BoccTanoBiiTb cnpaBeojtHBbiR xo.i Bcmcii paiBe jto fie iiojTiicpwJIWl npaBiuib- 
Hocrb Bepw. ee" cyiuecTROBaHHe. ee" WHByHCCTb? 

A ibi roBopHtiib - iioTcpsiia! Her. \aecb c nauiefi Bepofl bcg' a nopjuKe, ona Ha Meere h b chjic 

55 jiiihho aawe r^e-To npurrno yjiHBJie"H - oyaynn necciiMHcroM no crciaay yMa (ho He no 
lUtiHeiiiHefi, uopOBO SBoniouHOHMpoBaBiueR sa n»Tk jier. wmHemiofl noinun ii ). h ok- to aawe He 
rTpc;niojraraji soiMOWHOCTb raicoR wiipok-oR it moiiihom iiojuepwiot! 

AhTHBHofl, aesrejibHofi noxaepwKii - noHHMaere. rro seib notcaibiBaer pea/ibHocrb. a He 
iipinpaHiiocTb n cmS o.ihoh <:ocTaB;jHioineR Haiuefi Bepw, hto .toopwe Jiio.au ztesiTe.ibHbi b cboch 
floCpoTC, Hjyr iia laiwtTy jpyrHX. a lie oeraiOTCH .tuiub b noiiiuiih naccuBHO-coHyacTHyioiiiiix, 
■tero mw onacajiHCb. 

3Ha»iHT - Bepa ecTb. oHa, cnpaBeai'iHBocTb it ooocHOBaiiiiocTb e5 aokaiaiia wh titbKi. Bepa 
ORpeiUU h Koiie'iiio HTore, a BOBce hc norcpana. TaK BCJb. Mawa?.." 




. . t"i "; 



ID 



nOPTPET 



QM3I1KU, J1I1PI1KI1, 
AMCCHAEHTbl, nPAB03AmMTHMKM 

C HcnortHMTenbHbiM AMpetcropOM MHCTMTyra npao HenoBena, nneHOM CoBCTa npaeoaauiHTHoro 
qeHTpa «MeMopnan» BaneHTMHOM TEOTEPOM 6eceflyeT nnen peAKonnernn HHrcpHCT-noptana 
«Dpaea Henoaeica b Poccmh» (HRO.org) Ceprei* CMHPHOB 



YHMBepCMTeT M 

AMCCMAeHTCKan cpe^a 

- HpaeunbHO nu 6ydem CKasamb vmo maon 
ceMbH 6bina, KaKmoada aoeopunu. duccudeHmcKQiT* 

- MHOrne jik3a«, KOTOpbie ceiiHac paSoTaiOT e 
npaaoaamviTHOM ABMweHMw, nponcxoflRT M3 ceMeM, 

KOTOpwe HCTOpMneCKH CBSaaMbl CAHCCMfleHTCKMM ABM- 

weHweM m penpeccn^MH trrajiUHCKoro BpeMeHU y hmx 
npocfiejKMBaeTCfl «npflMan uenoHxa» 

Korfla-TO M H3UJMX pOACTBeHHMKOB KOCHyflMCb 

penpeccwn JUsah m rem Moero otqa SbinM apecroBa- 
hw e 38-m rofly, CHflenn b cTanvmcKwx narepax fl«A s 
OTqa raw m nori*6. Tern aoMnna ao 80-x rofloa Orea 
CHa^a/ia «nn b CMMCpeponone. a nocne qkohmbhmb 
aiKO/ibi c 30J10TOM Me*aanbK3 b 1 8 ner yexan b MoCKBy 
ynnTbCS 3to 6wno B 1936-om m kohhm/i oh MTY 
nepe/i caMow bomhom. 

Ero wawa, 6a6ytiiKa nnewmHHHK (cuh penpeccn- 
poaaHHbix) - ace ohm ocra/wcb b KpwMy v\ norno/in ot 
neMueB KcowaneHM»o, AOBonbHQ runwHHan mctopmr 
Koraa poACTBeHHMKM CTpaflann m ot cra/iKHCKoro Tep- 
popa. h ot XonoKocra 3Ta TeMa ecerAa owna Af« 
OTua BawHOri B 1 990 rofly oh cian nepBwM npesMflen- 
tom $OHfla «XonoicocT»', MHoro nvican o Kynb/re iwm- 
hoctm, o cTanwHHSMe, nwrancfl ocMbtc/iMTb 3th flane- 
HHa e KCTOpHKO-tpvtnoco$H4ecKOM acneiae 

Hto xacaeTcn AnccnaeHTctcoro pfivimenvm , to OTeu 
He flennncfl auccmaehtom b npsMOM CMbicne cnoBa 
KoHenHO, oh 6bin «noAnncaHTOM» : , ho 6binn n Bonee 
aKTWBHbie nioAM. HanpMMep. AenaewMe «XpOHHKy» 3 
Muxaun HKOBneBUM nbrrancfl paooTarb, b nepsyto 
onepeAb, b ceoeM npocpeccnonanbHOM oSnacw - 
ncTOpMw. Ero ocHOBHan atcroBHOCTb npoflBrmrtacb b 
Apynx cpopMax: HanpMMep. oh 6wn oahmm us mhkum- 
aropoB m aBTopoB xcypHana «noncKM3» 4 , ny6nnKOBan- 
cn b ajibwaHaxe *riaMRTb» ; Ha pyGewe 70-x - 80-x 
roflOB M3flaTeneii «nowcKOB» nocaAnnn Bbinn o6bic- 

KM , AB3)«Ab* UDM Tpn»(Abl. OTqa Bbt3blBann H3 flOnpOCbi 




b xa^ecTBe CBHAeTenn B 3h3k npoTecTa npoTus pen- 
peccuM b OTHOuieHUM mojioawx peflaicropOB n coTpyA- 

HMKOB «R0MCKOB» 0T6U BblLUen H3 napTHH B CaMOM 

Hasane BocbMMAecnTbix 

- EMy aposun apecm? 

- rio-Moewy TaKOH 3aAa4n KfB He CTaBun Oh 
Bce-raKH 6bin irtHaKOMNcrmmui* wHBannA bomhn, a He 
aHTwcoaeTMHK - Aa«e b mx noHWMaHHM TaK hto ne 
cpaBHMtub c «CKAenbLiaMH» Ho. KOHeMHo, 3to Mano- 
npuflTHoe omymeHvie. KOfAa k re6e npnxoA*iT Ha qe- 
.nwn fleHb c oSbicKOM. nepeBopaHHBawDT ace BBepx 
Ahom. b rtepByto 04epeflb, caMoe Aoporoe - tbow 
pyranncM. 

- 3Hamim, eti Munu e «OKonoduccudeHmcKou» 
cpede? 

- fla Mbl SblBH XOPOLUO 3H8K0Mbt. HanpMMep c 
JlapMCOM MOCVICpOBHOM' CO MHOrMMM ntOAbMM KOTO- 
pbie axTMBHO pa6oTann BHyTpM A"CCMAeHTCKoro abm- 
weHMH HoBce-TaKM yAen HaiueMceMbM-AOCTaTOHHo 
CKpOMHan ponb. s He chmt3K> HywHWM ee «AeanM3npo- 



HayHHo-npocoamume/TbHwu ueump. C03daw«wi3 « 1992 
zody npoQCasnautaemceoBu «e/ib»o yoeKoaetvewue naufi- 
mu eepaee, nosu6wux u nocmpadaatuux cm npecnedoea- 
nu» Hauucmoa u m nocoBmiKoe a 1933-1945 eodat 
■ enodnucaHmaiiiu* na3bieanu modeu nocmaattaiuux c«ou 
nodnucu nod odpautSHtmuu u omnptumhiuu nucbMauu a 
samumy npae u cao6od vanoeena a CCCP B 6pemneacKue 
iodbi 3fno 6bin cuetihiu u puotoeaHHhiQ wat nodnucaH- 
mat* zpo3unu npecnedoaamm co cmoponbi anacmeu 

:■ xponuKB meKyuiux co6himuQi>-pesyrrnpHt>ii> ncsMuada- 
mooCKuQu 6>onnameHb. ahtKoduawuu nodnonbuo c 1968 
no 1983 en "Xponuxa- nodpoGno paccxaibieana vuma- 
mannu o npacmdoaanttu wSKOMbtcrwuw* e CCCP 



' Mockoqckuu *cauu3damoecnuu» xydoxecmeenHO-ny6- 
nuuucmuvectuiu Mypna/i cyuiecmeoeaeiuuti a kohub TO-x 
- Havana 80-x sodas 

1 HcmoputaanjQ c6odmux xodun a caMiisdame u uidaaan- 
CRB1976- 1984 as e Hapunte Ha ochosb uamepuanoe us 
Coaomcxoao Coma 

' flapuca Boeopai (1929-2004) - qbuno/roa. duccudenm. 
odna u3 nau6onee stpxux cpuayp a coeemcKOM/poccuGCKOM 
npaaosauturrtHOM cooGuiecrnee 3a anmuattyio o6tue- 
cmaeMHyw denmenbttocmb u ebicmynneHUft npomtte npe- 
cnedoeamtQ uHaxoMbicmimux u amopmenuft coeemcxux 
aoQctta^xocnoaaxutoa 1968 s, 6bj/ta ocymdena Ha 4 soda 
ccbtnm 



KAPTA- l#4J~«4 J005 



I1QPTPET 



11 



eaTb, BbinBHHBaTt. MHorwe. noBTopaio. aenanw ropas- 
Ao oonbtue A orpaHMneHMj? - Hy, nanpuMep, sanpeT 

Ha Bbie3fl 3a rpaHMMy - 6bWW TMnMMHblMW. W X HUM Mbi 
OTHOClflnWCb CfTOKOMHO 

- Ben ceMbR cmajra «Heebie3dHoQ»? 

- KoneMHO fla uu w He nuTanwCb, nOTOMy mto 
cawuM He xotenocb npoxoflHTb nepea napTxoMU. xo- 
TOpbie Torfla AaaanM «tnyreBKH» 

- Tu caM 6bin unenoM xoMCOMona umi napmuu? 

- HneHOM napTMM - HWKorfla Ho Kor^a n ymancH 
Ha MexMaTe Mfy (1962-67 roAw), 6wn axTKBHWM 
KOMCOMonbueM He BBpujHteneM cyfle6, ho axTMBHO 
y^acTBOBan b a6iuecTBeHHOM jkmshm yHUBepcmeia 
HanpviMep, 6wn opraHH3aiopoM icny6a MHTepecHbix 
BCTpen Ha (patcynbTeTe yHMsepcMTeTCKMe BCTpeMM m 
TBOpnecKwe Be^epa cepeAnnw 60-x - a to xax pas moh 
aenTenbHocTb 

- Kan nmo npoucxoduno? 

- npurnatiiann nfCAeii. KOTOpbie HMTartM cboh 
TexcTbi. a Mbi pacKnenBann wx aapanee Ha cienaax 
npnxoflnnn paanwe jiioah KopwaanH 7 . W, rpexoBa". 
no3TN paanbie - EBTyweHxo 5 , nanpuMep. m MeHee 
viaBecTHbie Taxoe o6mee npocBemeHne 

B 1965-m, Bcxope nocne CMep™ Ahhu AHApeee- 
hu AxMaTOBow' 1 Mu npoBe/iM ee TBop^ecKMM aesep 
Ho Hananocb Bee, noxcanyii, co SHaMenMToro Benepa 
naMqTM Ocnna MaHAenburraMa". sto eoo6iue 6una 
nepsaft acrpe^a b MocxBe. r^e nocne CTonbxwx hbt o 
no3Te roaopu/iM nyoriMMHO 

npHXOAMOOCb SopOTbCfl C napTKOMOM, XOTOpbIM 

scflNecKM orpaKKiMiriean (ho He aanpeman 1 1 Hawy pen- 
Te/ibHOCTb OcoSenno b Ha^ane 1967 rofla, Koraa Mb* 
nbiranncb opranMsosaTb BCTpeny c ConweHMMbiHbiM 
KoHeHHO, sto 6bino po «Apxnnenara» ,J 

ConweHwubiH TOrAa 6bin nonyneraneH, xax npo- 
gtom fiMTeparop e3Avin no MHCTmyTaM, BCTpe^ancB c 
inTaTennMn OxoHMaTenbHoe ero «BbrranKHBaHue» 
npoMsouino no3«e. b xoHLje 67-ro - nasane 68-ro. ho 
y»e Tor^a npHHUManwcb Mepw , hto6w ConweHMUbiHa 
8 Mry ne nycTMTb Cexperapb napTxoMa m petcrop 
Bt>i3Bann MeHH «Ha xoeep» n AonwTbiBanncb, raweMy 
Mw ynopCTByeM tiMeHHo e 3tom MHHunaTMBe. 

riapannenbHO Mbi 6oponncb 3a HSMeneHns a yc- 
rase 8J1KCM. xorenii BBecrvt He«yio tpopMy AeMoxpa- 
Tw3aMMM BnyTpw xoMCOMOna. Ho ece 3to nornSano hoa 
AaaneHneM «caepxy-c6oxy» 3 He 6wn aHTMcoBeT^n- 



kom Ho Ha nocneflHMx xypcax. yxce nocne yxoAa 
Xpymeaa n noHkiMan. mto 6pewHeacKan anoxa xapax- 
TepHa coscew APyr«M 

B 1967 roAy h oxoHHMn yHMBepcmeT, ho b acnn- 
paHTypy ne nocTynnn. TorAa 6wn npnAyMaH xmtpwm 
MetOA. hto6w no cpopManbHNM napaMerpaM oTceMb 
tiaxoe-To KonMHecTBO nioAeti ot acniipaHTypw, ot npo- 
AOJDxeHMfi HaynHoA xapbepbi ecnu y reon Sbino Ka- 
Koe-TO Konw^ecTBO Tpoex (npKMeM He a A^nnoMe. a 
BooSme b cecckinx), y^eHwii coBeT Mor tb6h ho pexo- 
weHfloeaTb a acniipaHTypy R 3Haio MHoro niOAeii. 
KOTopwe M3-33 3Toro He nona/in b acnwpaHTypy Hy a 
y MeHB 6bjnn Aee tpomkm no K3KHM-T0 npeAMeTaM aa 
ace apeMa ooyHeHUA 

- Kcmamu. a noveuy uMeHHQ MexMam? Omen 
6btn ucmopuxoM, noveMy me cbin peiuun cmamb Ma- 
meMarTJUKOM? 

- Haiua flonna - a^tm anoxn, iH3B6Cthom nosyH- 
roM «$m3mkh a noneTe - nupuKn b aaroHe» B Konqe 
50-x w Hanane 60-x b wonofle whom cpeAe 6bin oneHb 
cvinbHbiM xyribT ecTecTBeHHbix Hayx Kocmoc, (pw3n- 

K3 . flpMBneKanHMMA«3Tl1XflHCminnMH. MXTOHHOCTb 

b npAMOM m nepeHOCHOM cMwcne cnosa EcTecTBeH- 
Hwe Hayxw no3Bonnnn 6wrb Qonee aBTOHOMHWM ot 
own. xoTopafl npoHMSbiBana Bee rocyAapCTBO 06iue- 
CTBeHHbie nayKui cTpaAann ot HAeonornMecxoM npn- 
onuanTenbHocTn m aHrawnpoaaHHOCTH 

XOTH, MO>KeT 6bfTb, Te TltOAH, KTO nOHHMaOH BCe 

3tm kweonommecKwe npo6neMN h, tcm ne Menee. innM 
b o6mecTBeHHbie Hay km, 6binn oonee nocneAoaa- 
TenbHb), neM Mbi Ho y hmx Obino ropaaAO Menbiue 
B03M0x<H0CTei4 caMopeann30BaTbcn n HopMaribno 

TpyAOyCTOOMTbCfl. He MrpaTb npM 3TOM C C06CTBeHHOii 
COBeCTbK) 

HanpHMep, mom 6paT (oh hb ceMb neT Menn 
MnaALue) 3axoH4nn ncMxonorwHecxMM cpaxynbTeT MPy. 
CTan ncwxo^oroM m noHa^any pa6oTan no cneqManb- 
hoctm. ho 6e3 SonbUioro yAoaonbCTBMn: coeeTCKafi 
ncMxwaTpMs Ta eme 6bina. . npnutnocb 3aHMMaTbc« 
bcbkmm oaho apeMfl oh Aawe pa6oT3n KpacHOAepes- 
ihmxom B nepecTpoMxy ycTpowncfl b cny»(6e TMna 
«Tene(pOH AoaepMfl». rAe Mor pea/iMsoBaTbcs xax 
cneunanMCT [Iotom C03Aan OAHy M3 nepBbix b Poccmm 
0npM no noAOOpy coTpyAHMKOB, Tenepb pa6oTaeT 
MeHeA>xepOM Ho, xax 6w to hm 6wno, ece mw 6buiw M3 
ijuccnAeHTCKOM (e lumpokom cvwcne enema) cpeAbi 



' Haym Kopmaeun (3 Mandenbi (p 1925) - no3rn e 60-x 

aodax ehicmynan a noddepxKy npeaiedyeuou meopvec- 

hou UHmenmjzeHuuu sutuaptipoean oj CCCP a 1 9 73 eody 

Mueom u padomaem a Socmone. CUIA 

' kt rpexoea (Humaemot nHspexoaa»j - neeademuu Ene- 

HU Benmnent, ( 1906-2002), uameMamuxa. dottmopa nay* 

aemopa paccxasoa u noeectmO (Havana nevamambCR s 

xypHane nHoebiQ uup» a 60-x aodanj 

' Essenuu EemyuteHxo (p 1933} - coeemcxuu/poccuOQXoG 

noam, aamop mhozux no3mu^ecxux cdopnuxoe, navan 

navamambcn e 50-x aodax 

Anna AxMamoea (1889 - 1966)- pyccxuOnosm Ce**b» 
Axwanmeou jtoneoe epeMB nodeapsanacb penpeccufiM, a 
one cams - aowewuRM a coeemcxoO npecce u sanpemau Ha 
nyGtJuxauuu. 

" Ocun MaHdenbtumau (1891 - 1938) - pyccxuO nojm fl 
1 934 a. 6w/J apecmoaan ia aHmucmanuHCxue cmuxu «Mw 



muaanx, nod co6qk> h© wy» cmpanbi :..». omnpaanen a 
ccbtnxy. o 1938 s apecmoaaH omopwno u yuep a 6oj7t>- 
hwhom 6apaxe a naeepe 3mu cmuxu MandenbuimaMa 
Sbinu anepabie ony6nuKOaanbi s named cmpane a 1991 
eody. 

''• AnaxcaHdp ConxeHuubtH (p 19 18) - pyeexuu nucamentr 
u ucmopux. s cmanuHCKoe epeMft npoaen 8 nam enasapm 
numapamypnyx} u3eecrr>HOcmb npuo6pen nocne nybnu- 
xauuu a 1962 z noaecmu «06uh denb Haawa /JeMocoao- 
HB" C 1963 a ConmeHuubtHa nepecmanu nevamamb, eac 
npouaeedOHUfi Bbixodunu 3a epamiueu nocne nonaneHun 
a «CBMU3dame» nepebix anas powawa «Apxunenaa rY- 
PAF» ConxtenuubiH 6btn o6euneH a aocydapcmeeHHOu 
U3uane u ebtcnan U3 CCCP (1974a )B nacmomuee epevm 
xcuaem u padomaem e Poccuu 

' " MMeemc* a eudy cmuxomaopaHoa E. Cnyuxoao •> tpuju- 
xu u nupuKU*. HanucaHHoe e 1959 a 



aw* »4'M oig 



12 



4 MOTET 



MCTOpMK 

Muxawn ftKOBneeHH retfrrep 

- B ACNM8 noMTw Bee 6bino cocpeAOToneHO BOKpyr 
oTLia. ero wHTepecoB, OKpyweHUs TaM nocTOHHHo 
6biB3nn ywe MSBecTHwe m coaceM Monoflwe ntoan 
BKJDOMas. HanpwMep HrpyHOBa" 1 . naBfiOBCKoro'*; no- 
tom. b KOHtje 80-x. noFBwnncb ntoflu npneneneHHwe 
ero o6mecTB€HHuuvt BbicrynneHnflMH ny6nnuncTn- 
Mect<nMn cTarbfiMM. - K>pni?« AtpaHacteB"', rewHaAHH 
Syp6yjinc' , \ oaho BpeMfl FtenMHCKHM 

Mwxawn flKoeneBYM 6bin oahhm hs Tex HHTennen- 
TyanoB. KOTOpbie cocTaBnsmn HetpopManbHbi* xpyr, 
ocymecTBn«BLUMii He3aBncnwyio ot CHCTeMw petpneK- 
cvitc BpeMeH nepecTpoMKW 

- Mcmopu^ecKue cewuHapbi Muxauna fiKoene- 
Btnia e KdKOu-mo cmenenu cmanu o6him 113 KaMHeu e 
tpyndaueHme «MeMopuana». eepno? 

- y Hero He 6bmo ceMunapoB b KaHOHvmecKOM 
CMwcne c/ioaa. Bwn «Kpyr ntoaew BOKpyr £OMa» Baa- 
HMoaeMCTBOBaBUjux b paaHbtx 0opwia x - reKCTbi rinca- 
nw. o5cy>KflanM 

Oamh m3 cerMeHTOB stoto Kpyra 6wn cansaH c 
ApceHHeM PorMHCKMM^ 8 , CaHeit flaHwaneM'^ m APyn- 
mw Ohm b 70-e roAb> Aenann anbMaHax «naMflTb» 
nocBsmeHHbiM MCTopww coBetCKoro nepMOAa ot 1917 
roAa Ao HauiMx Anetf B ochobhom sto 5wnn floxyMeH- 
Tbi, mx ocMbicneHwe BOcnoMMHatmR B nepByto one 
peAb. KOHe^Ho, wctophh penpeccwa pacKynanKBa- 

HWfl. 300 xa 0KTn6pbCK0W peBOnhOUHU M rpa>«A3HCKOlit 
BOMHb), H3fla. CKpbfTbie CTpaHHLlbl COBeTCKOM HCTO- 

pnorpa$nn - a TaM 6bino hto CKpbiBaTb 

Oreu flBiifuiCfl He(popMa/ibHbiM riMAepoM 3Toro 
tcpywKa. flpaiovmecKyio pa6oTyAenann MonoAwe jikjah. 
kOTopafl Konanwcb b apxusax. BCTpeManncb c moAb- 
mh, 3ankicbtBanki, peA3KrnpoBann ny6nnKoeann «fla- 
MHtb » Bbixofl^na a MocKBe n riapwwe B MocKae - b 
pyKonncHOM BwAe, caMW3AaTOBCK0M. B 3T0M CMbicne 
mto-to «npoTOMeMopKa/ibCKoe» b AesTeribHOCTM Mu- 
xauna flKOeneBMMa 6wno BcerAa Bo bcakom cnynae 
oh cnocoScTBosan TOMy mtoOw 3Ta nacTb KaK 6w 
6yAyme« «MeMopnaribCKoi*» AeflTenbHocm ocyme- 
CTBnnnacb Ha xopouieM npocpeccnoHa/ibHOM yposHe 



HoHeHaAOAywaTb, 4T0 Mwxawn J^KOBneBMHQwn 
cyn/60 KaStfHeTHbiM ncTopwicoM Oh 6wn aKTwBHbiii 
oOmecTBeMHbtii AesTenb b CTpane 6e3 o6mecTBa (ao 
KOHua 80-x) 

- Tym ft an my zenemu^ecKyio nocnedoeamenb- 

HOCmb 

- fla. MoweT 6biTb, mom oSmecTaeHHwe noTyrn 
orr/Aa M nepeaanncb. OTeq eme b Ae^CTBe b KpwMy 
6bin ^jreHOM nnoHepcKoro coseTa KpbiMa B .uoeoeH 
hom Mry oh Gbin ceKpeTapeM xoMcouona Kypca floc- 
ne BOMHbt KorAa ero AeM06nnu30Bann oh He cpaay 
BepHy/icn b acnupaHTypy wcTtpaKa. a CHasana nopa- 
6oTan noMOinHUKOM cexpeTapp 14K B/1KCM. 

BeAb BoiiHa ewna neM-ro BpOAe CTuxuvtHoii Ae- 
CTannHM3ai4HM (no ero we BbipaweHwo) MHorwe ntoAw 
BHyrpeHHe h6mho*ko ocBo6oA^nncb ot toto. HToGbino 
b TpnAMaTwe roAbi M HaAennwCb, mto 3to omyiAenne 
MoweT aaKpennTbcn. 3roMy 6biCTpo 6wn nonowen 
Koneq 

HaMMHao c 48-ro roaa, y Muxauna RKOBneBwina 
naManncb paaHornacun c cexpeTapeM 14K BHKCM, 
koto pan 6bina Bnonne acranMHiiCTCKann flaMa Oh 
nocTynvtn b acnwpaHTypy. 3amMTnn KanAHA3TCKyio, 
npoAon>Kan 3aHMMaTbCH ncTopneiii B 60-e ctan opra- 
HH3aTopoM n nnAepOM cexTopa MeTOAOnorvin mcto- 
pwn b WHCTvrryTe MCTOpMw AH, BOKpyr KOToporo rpyn- 
nupoBanncb MHorne n3 poctkob MHaKOMbiCiiHH 

nocne pasroHa cetcropa b 1970-m. b «6pe>KMeBc- 
Kyio» anoxy. oh crran KOMHaTMbiM y^eHbiM m, pa3yMe- 

6TCH. HM O K3KOM 06lMeCTBeHHOM fleflTenbHOCTM He 

Morno 6bJTb m peMM. B paHHerop6aMeBCKnPi nepnoA 
Muxawn F)KoeneenH Hanwcan Hec«onbKo oSpaoieHmi 
k pyKosoACTBy CTpaHW c npeAnoxeHwflMM Tex nnn 
mhwx ujaroB no nym AeMOxpaTnaamin pewHMa 

Plocne Toro. nan aepnynw AHApen flMMTpneBHHa J ' 
m APyrwx nonwT3eKOB. nonBunncb Apyewe npo6neMbi - 
Kapa6ax : nanpuMep DpHMeM nucbMa, KOTopbie oh 
nucan, a 3Haio, AOCTaBn«nncb aApecaTy: HexoTopwe 
noMoiAHMKH TopOaneBa. HaMUHasiuero b to apeMa 
nepecTpowKy, 6t>tnn OAHOKypcHMKaMn Muxawna Hkob- 
neBwsa hhm SHanM ero no Hay^HOti pa6oTe. Ho stm 
nucbwa HM^ero He M3MeHMJin Mto nponaouino. to 
npon30Luno. 





Muxaufl feipmep e 1941 sody 



Muxaun Pnoaueeuu re<pmep 



Kmiea nydnuuucmuKu u uctnopw^ecKt/x 
acce ebituna e 1991 aody 



KAPTA" l*43--M ?oos 






4 



nBPTPET 



13 




rne6 naa/roocifwo. Muxaun re<pimp, BarmnrmtH re&mep 



Muxaun reipimp u rpuaopuO RonuHCxuii 




Bmecnaa \Atpynm, Muxaun r&pmep. Apcenuu Posuhckuu 

MMxann ^KOB^eBMH Bcerfla Own no6opHHKOM 
aHTMMwinepcTBa Oh BOoQuie CMeiTan, mto Tanow kohi - - 
nOMepaT pa3Hux MMpoa, Kate CCCP, He woweT cyaie- 

CTB0B3Tb HaCMObCTBeHHO OH CHHTan. 4TO FipOLtecC 

oceo6o)KfleHHS HapoflOB - ecTecTBeHHbM, v\ 6bin cto- 
Pohhukom roro. hto6w pecnyonwKH no/iynnnn neaa- 

BMCMMOCTb 

KoHenHo, HacTORinyro, a He Ty. KOTopyio Tenepb 
notrrponriM HeKOTopwe aeTopHTapHwe pewiiMbi b enpa- 
Hax CHf~ Oh m npo Poccnto TaK c^iMTan Oh cMMTan ee 
«MnpoM MKpOB» n nonaran, mto OHa AonwHa 6biTb 
ycTpoeHa AeueHTparikiaoBaHHo, MoweT6t>iTbfla>ne Kate 



K0H{£eAepai4Mfl . a A^ 3TOrQ AO/lWHbl 6b)Tb MHMLlMaTkl- 

bw cnti3y 4To6bi ntoflu yCTpanBanw cbokj wwanb 6ea 

OrilHflKM Ha KpeMHb 

B 3tom cMwc/ie nepexoA ot ropSaneBCKoro Co- 
(oaa k eribUHHCKoii Pocchh own An" Hero Bra/me 

MCTOpMHeCKM 8HHTHWM npOMSCCOM. HeT, OH H6 3a- 

6nywflancs HacneT Toro, wro npeACTaBnaji co&ovi E/ib- 
Uhh Ho c^HTa/i. mto HanpaB/ieHne pa3BwTMH co6btTnw 
- aepHoe nosTOMy He soapawa/i, KorAa eMy npeAJio- 
wwrin bom™ b nepBbifl npe3MAeHTCKnti CoBeT Bnpo- 
HeM. 3TO 6b)no CKOpee HOMWHa/ibHO. oh ywe TorAa 
AoaonbHo cunbHO oorten nocneACTBvm BoeHHwx pa- 
Hennii. 8 KOHye 80-x 6wn nepetm uwpapKT. 

npeawAenTCKHH Cobbt Hasa/ia 90-x 6wn so mho- 
tom AeKopaTMBHwii 06cyiKAa/in Kaicwe-TO MaKpono- 
nnT*meCKne Betyn Hm« oma 6wno b ts toaw Ha 
cnyxy KoHHMnocb TeM, HeM w ao/iwho 6wjio koh- 

HHTbCfl 

B OKTB6pe 93-ro oh 3aflBnn o BbixOAe eis npesw- 
AeHTotoro CoBeTa K arOMy petuenmo ero noflTonK- 
Hyn kohcpjthkt, 3aKOHHHBtuHMc« paccTpenoM Benoro 
floiwa 3to He SHannT. mto oh 0MMnaTn3npoBaji TeM, 
kto 6bin b BenoM floMe Ho cawa tpopiua peujeHwn 
Bonpoca (He Tonbtco BoeHwan. ho m to, hto a TeneHHe 
nonyroAa nepeA 3twm npowcxoAwno «b 3aKynncbe») 
npnBe/ia ero k BWBOAy nponcxoAMT ecjiM He nepepo*- 

fleHMee^bLlUHCKOrOpeXMMa. TO B03HHKHOBeHLOe B HeM 

cepbe3Hwx nonnTn^ecKHx Ae^etcroB 

KorAa b KOHne 1 994-ro Hanajiacb He^encKan bom- 
Ha, 3To6bm3 noc^eAHRfi Kannn 17AeKa6psi 1994 roAa 



" Bswcnao Mapynoa (p 194B) - yvacmmjK duccud&nmc- 
«oaod«wK8Hufi. oduH ui pedaxmopoe mypnana "nouexuf 
B 90-x sodax 6bin odmiu U3 co3dameneu u pyxoaoduma- 
neu napmuu «R6noxo». axmuBHo saHUMaemcn nanumU' 
xoii 

" rrm6 naeflOBCKuG (p 1951)- yvacmmiK duccudenmcxo- 
ao daumenu», oduH U3 pedaxmopoe xypnaria afloucxu* B 
coepeM6HH0u Poccuu npuo6pen u3aecmnocmb kbk noftu- 
monoa, coaemmix xpeuneeexou adm/Hucmpattuu u pyxo- 
eodumenti (Dottda 9(pfpexmuano0 nonumuxu 

' lOpuii A<panacbee (p 1934) - ucmopun o6ut&cmeenHbiu 
danmenb. QCHoaamenb (1991 s ) u nepetriQ penmop Poc- 
cuOckoso zocydapcmeeHHoao syuamimapHoeo ymieepcu- 
mema 

' fanHaduQ BypOynuc (p 1945)- poccuOcxuu nonumux, a 
na^ane 90-x padoman a npaaumenbcmee c 1993 no 1999 
z 3. danymam rocydapcmaeHHoD ffyiMj 



'ApcanuO PoeuMcxuti (p 1946) - ucmopox. e Hacmomuee 
apeMR npedcedamenb npaanemm ue»dynapodHOso 06- 
tuacmea «Meuapuan» 

'' Asiaxcandp fianu3fib (p .1951) - Hbtm pyxoeociiimenb 
npoepaMMbi xUcmopun uMaxoubicnua a CCCP" myvHO- 
uHtpopntanuoHHoeo u npocaemumenbCKoao uenrnpa «Ma- 
Mqpusm 

■"' Bo3epaiuenue axadauuxa u dticcudenma Andpan Caxa- 
pcaa tia cctstmu (a fopbxuii, ceiWac Humnuu Hoaaopod) 
npou3QUino a 1986 Body 

! ' BoopyxBHHhiu xoH<pnuxm uemdy apM»nauu u aaepbau- 
dmannaMu e Haeopnou Kapa6axe Havancft a 1988 sody u 
6bm odwuM 03 caMwJf xpoeonponurnHbix eo amopoO nono- 
ei/ne XX aexa fnopaanwM onenxaM -do 15 m&cfw noau6- 
wux) 



«** kmnmotq 



14 



4 nopiPET 




Baiwntnun rmpmap u Cepsau Koaanaa 

Mnxan/1 Hkos^sbum Hanucan e «He3aencnMyto ra3e- 
ry» o6pameHne oaamas/ieHHoe b crane «a odsh- 
hhk>» A caMWii nocneflHUM era TeKCT 6bin onySjiMKO- 
bsh a cfceBpane 1995 roaa 

Oh CMOTpen Bnepefl. mowbt 6biTb, yace b naiue 
epeMfl Beflb WHTenneKTya/ibHOM 6a3bi nenapTMMHoro 
rpawaaMCKoro ABwweHMfl s rrpane npaKTwnecKM He 
cytuecTByeT - n raw snnoTb qo nocjieAHero BpeMenM. 

EcTb moan, ecTb «Tperatf ceicrop» HeoCxoflUMa 
np^HLinnnanbHa^ ocHOBa Toro, xax mw wowsm b Kpn- 
■nmecKMM mombht Me npocTo sansMTb o flBMweHHK 
npoTecTa, ho m npoTMsonocTaBHTb hto-to peanbHoe 
BfiacTvv KOTopas Bbiwna 3a npe^en floeepufl o6me- 
CTaa flrw 3Toro Hy*Ho yMeTb caMOOpraHnsoeaTbcn 
3iOMy 6wna nocBsmena ero nocneAHHn pa6oTa H 
3to MOti rnaBHbiM MHTepec b npaBoaamwTHOvt flen- 
Te/lbHOCTM ceroflHft 

«MeMopnan» w HeHHH 

- KaKUM o6pa30M mbi cman saHUMambcn npaeo 
3awumH0Q padomou? Kan nonan a «Meuopuafi»? 

- Roaie HHCTMTyTa a noiuen a Mhcthtyt bucohmx 
TeunepaTyp AKafleMnn nay* no woeiii eme yHMBepCH- 
TeTCKoii TeMe. Mexawwxa HHSKOTeMnepaiypHoti rmas- 
Mw m BbicoKOTeMnepaTypHoro raaa CHanana pa6oTan 
b xeoprpynne, hotom b vtH^opMamioHHOM ueHTpe 
npopa6oran tsm 25 jieT 

rioTow npMOTKpbincfl «)Kefie3Hbti^3aKtaBec» Mho- 
rax jiwAeM b flpyrax CTpanax HHTepecosano. mto npo- 
^icxofluT e CCCP. Ohm HWHero ne 3Hann o Hac, mm Bee 
dbino MHrepecHO Mom aboiopoahwm Spar >Knn b Co- 
eflUHeHHbix llirarax m paooTan b MH(popMai4viOHHoii 

KOMnaHMM. M KOrfla K HUM CTajlH nocrynaTb TaKwe 

sanpoctJ - o6paranc« ko MHe, a n cornacuncs noMo^b 
Tax n cTaji «flo6brmnKOM HH(popMau«n» Haflo 
6wjio 6wcTpo nonyvarb airrya/ibHbie Aannwe. HHorAa 
AOCTaTb M3Tepnanw, npoMHTepBbhGMpoeaTb Koro-To 
B cepeAHHe 90-x a nbrrancn npespaTHTb stot nepco- 

Ha/1bHbtM 6n3HeC B MHCpOpMBLlMOHHyiO MHHMCny>K6y B 

saCTHocrn. b paMKax areHTCTea «noeKpaKTyM». 

- Kan nepedaeanu daw«we? 

- CHana/ia no Tene^ony. noTOM no cpaiccy. noxoM 
no aneKTpOHHOM nome nepBbtw KOMnbtoTep. kotopwm 
y Menu nosBMnca. - ero 6pai npwcna^ V Hac Swna 



Aawe MAes co3Aatb TaKyro c/iy>K6y BHyTpn Pocchm. 
Ann MecTHoro 3aica3HMKa Ho torAa He nony^innocb - 
cu/i ne xaarano A rotom Hananw no«BJiBTbCfl Apyrae 

CTpyKTypbl. y KOTOpblX BH/TpH SbinO «BCe CXBaMeHO», 

m 6onee npo0eccviOHanbHwe. 

- A «M8Mopuan» ? 

- B cnjiy CBOero B03pacia Buorpatpnw, nonOKe- 
Hun ceMbH 9\ 3Ha/i MHOrux «MeMopnanbMeB» ao TOrO, 
K3K 0w3nnecKH nepeerynun nopor Aoua Ha Manou 
KapeTHOM b MocKBe. 3to 6binM. b nepayto o^epeAb, 
ApceHUM PoniHCKHti m AneKCaHAPflaHnanb. Bosmo>k- 
ho, nepBWM pyoewoM cTana ciwepTb o-aia, KOToporo 
Mbi Bee siwecTe npoBowann b sane «MeMopnana» b 
0eBpane 1995-ro 

floBO/ibHO CKopo nocne Hanana nepaoM HeneHC- 
koh BOMHbJ «MeMopkian» nc«-iepnan xaApoBbJe pecyp- 

CW A/1H nOCTOflHHOrO MOHHTOpMHta CUTyaUMK b Me^He 

npaB03aiAWTMMKOB6bi/ioMano «MeMopwanbi4w» da- 
m onpaujueaTb APyaePi n 3HaKOMux - He uoweT nn 
«TO-Hn6yAb Ha napy Heaenb noexarb m nocMOTpeTb, 
mo n k3k TBOpnTCB b HesHe Ko MHe o6pa™nncb 
BecHow 1 99 5 rofla. FIomhk) , ao Mens e 3ah" AneKcaHAp 
naBnoBUM nasyr A Mbi nonann e napy c Gained 
AiiTyHflHOM. cwhom AMCCWeHTa fewpuxa A/uyHflHa". 

- Umo 3Havum tinonanu a napy a ? 

- TaK nonyHHnocb. mto b 3tot nepnoA * " Mor, n 
oh Mor Mw nonanH b oa»y «CBS3Ky» 06whho «Mewo- 
pnaribubi» esAMHM no ABoe h MeHnnn Apyr Apyra nepe3 
ABe-Tpn HeAenn 

- Kan uJO0epw-«danbMo6o£Jiyw(jJw? 

- Hy. npMMepHO. Heien* a C/ienu|OBCK, mnn« b 
HaspaHH a «ayoieBCKnx» KOireAJKHKax, orr/Aa Ha 
«Hnse» MOTannCb b MeMHKJ Cepbesnbix soeHHbix 
AeMCTBHM TorAa, e rnoHe 1995 roAa. ne 6wno. KaK pa3 
iunn neperoBopw nptd nocpeAHMnecTBe TwMa ry^bAe- 
MaHa us OBCE Bbino 6onee-MeHee cnoKOMHo DepeA 
naMM cTaannacb saAana pearaposaTb Ha Hapyujennq 
w 6e3o6pa3ns m OTcneMinsaTb. k3k eoeHHan npoxypa- 
Typa paccMaTpHeaeT Te mjw hhus Aena, B036ywAa©T 

MX MJ1H HeT. 

- ^UHoemiKu do/JMHbi 6bipu ecmaBrmmh nanm a 
Koneca? 

- HeT. Bee 6wno cpaBHMTe/ibHo cnoKOiiHO, HnKa- 
kmx cneunaribHbix AeiicTBmi KaK bo BTOpyto Kauna- 
hukd. He 6biiio flawe aAMHHMCTpaTHBHyio rpaHHqy 
^e^HB - HHryojeTMR mojkho 6bi/io cnoxoflHO npeOAO- 
neTb. Mbi, npaBAa exanw He no rpacce, a ropHOM 
AOporoM CuTyaunB 6bina onacnow, ho He cpaeHMTb c 
HbiHeiLHew Hcikbkom cnnoujHOM jimhmm. Henpepbis- 
Hbix 6noK-nocTOB y Hac 6wnM AOKyMeHTbi ot « Mewo- 
pnana», ot TocAyMw, mto mw Taxvie-To. saHMMaeMcn 
TeM-To Hac hwkto He ocTaHaajinean 

npnexa/m jkhtm b oahom HeneHCKOii ceMbe Ha 
oxpanne rpoaHOro B 0TnnMne ot qeHTpa. KOTopwii 
6wn npaKTHMecKM nonnocTbro paapyujeH m nponsao- 
pun CTpauuHoe sne^aTneHne. oxpanHa xyAO-oeflHO 
coxpaHM/iacb Mw wmou b cnMnaTM4HOM AOMe c MaTe- 
pbio (OTem yMep sa HecxonbKO jibt ao bomhw), He- 
CKonbKMMM CpaTbHMM, xoTopbie ne BoeBa/TM, aAanTw- 
pOBaHHWMM k cobctckom wmshm Kto-to «tua6aujnn» 
Ha OpnoBoiUHe kto-to eme rae HopMaribKbie, npo- 
ABMHyTbie peSjrra. 



KAPT*' Ht4T-t* I0O5 



4 nOPTPET 



IS 



Mbi e3flnnn no TposHOMy, OTKnuKantiCb Ha o6pa- 
meMMfl CneA o6btHHO TnnyncH us npownMx MecaueB 
C kbm-to M3 MaiuMx npewHidx HaSnioaaTeneid noroBO- 
punM. 6bin raKOH-To o6cxpen, TaKoro-To 3a6panid. to 
unii flpyroe HapyweHMe. HaM. ewnraK). noeeano. mn 
He npucyTCTBOBa/iM npw pacKonxax. SKcryMautdM B 
ochobhom onpaiuHBann ntonev. KOTopbie Hcxanw cbo- 
wx poflCTBewHHKOB HetcoTopbie naxoflMnn mx, aaxo- 
pOHeHHbix y flopom. norvi6ujnx ot o6crpena 

- Bbi padomanu main 6ej onnamu 7 

- KoHewHO. HvtKaKow sapnnaTbi HaM He nnaTwnw 
Ha id He 6bino y «MeMopnana» aener Ha aapnnarbi Mo 
3a wttnbe koh6hho. naao Swno h6Mho)Kko 3annaTHTb 
nonMTb-noecTb. no3BOHHTb a MocxBy - coo&LHWTb. nto 
mw na Mecre. we notepflntdCb. 

fl AOBonbHo SbJCTpo ysnexca npaeoaoid cropo- 
hoh flena Mbi 3ass3anw KOKTaicr c BoennbiMid npoxy- 
popaMM. Koropwe cwaenu b XaHKane Toraa sto 6bWio 
HecnoJKHo npidinnw. noaHaKOMwnidCb. cnpocunn - xa- 
Kne y Bac saBeaenbi aena b OTHOtueHidM BoeHHocnyxa- 
mwx. npecrynneHMR npOTHB MidpHOro HaceneHWR Ohh 
hsm paccKaaann KaxHe aena wto nonynaeTCfl. mto 
neT XoAnnw e npoKypaiypy M&hhw, b npasMTenbCTBO 
MeveHCKOM Pecny6nnKid, b aaMWHMCTpaunto ^e^enc- 
Kyto Buna CHOCHan aflMMHMCTpamifl B new 6bin Meno- 
seK, KOTopwid OTBe^an 3a KOHTaKTu c naMn - 6biBwm 
sieTNMK rpax<flaHCKOM aavtauuM Oh aan HaM MHoro 
idHCpopMamdtd Mbi 6biBa/iM y Hero aoMa. oh paccxasbi- 
san HaM o pasHbtx aenax , Kan oh c cwHOBbBMu cnacan- 
ca npw urrypMe Tpo3Horo ... 

- Vmo ebi denanu c un(popuauueO? 
-3anMCbieann,aoKyMeH'rapoBanu PIotom cocra- 

BHHM HeKOTOpWM OTHeT. B KOTOpblW BKJlKWMnid TO, K3K 

paccneayioTCfl snacTHMM PoccniicKOki OeaepauHa Te 
wntd apyrwe cpaKTbi rpyooro napyuieHMfl 3a*OHHOCTn id 
npaB nenoBexa 

XopOLuo noMHto KaK HecKonbXO pa3 Bbiea>Kanw 3a 
npeaenbi Fpo3Horo. HanpuMep, a tilanw Xoienw npo- 
exatb b CepweHb-KDpT, ho Hac 33BepHyjin. Toraa ero 
MacTo apTHnnepidfl o&CTpenidBana, 6oeBMKM npwxoaw- 
n« c rop. OanH pas eaawnH a Orapwe Aram 

C«nbHO apesanocb b naMsrrb MecTO HeaaneKO ot 
LUann, TeppMTopvw oanoid m bouhckmx nacreid no 
HHcpopMaMMn oanoro vt3 npeabiayu4Mx na6moaaTe- 
nevi. TaM coaepwanH b nMe Hecxo/ibKO MenoBex. Hx 
paawcKMBan oxen Matrrb noxHHyna stot paiiiOH, oTeu 
naiuen Mecro. rae ohm coaepwanncb ripiiexa/i BoeH- 
Hbtvi npoxypop FIomhio paaroBOp b KoweHaaType LUann , 
Twwenwii pa3rosop, BHano 6wno. mto BoeHHwe ne 
xotbt nycxaTb npoxypopa Oh aawe HaM jKanoBancn. 
Mon, BManTe. tea* HaM TBxeno aawTcn paccneaoBaHMfl 
noaoSHoro poaa 

- Ho meoeuy paccm3y. mw npstMo «HbipHyn» e 
npaeoaamumy. Cuden cede chokouho venoeex, 3ami- 




A/ieKceii Cumowoo. npedcedament Qonda MUtumbt 
sriBCHOcmu, u BanmnmuH re0mep 

MariCH HayvHO-UH<popMamjOHHOu padomoO M eOpyz 
pas - noexan e 4e4H«. 

- Hy. neptdoa 6wn cpaBHHTenbHO cnoKQMHwti. A 
anw MeHfl 3to 6wji Soribiuo* onwT. 

- CmpauiHbie MOMenmbi Gbtnu? 

- OaHaxau mn exanw M3 A^xoM-MapraHa. aopo- 
ra Baojibnecononocbi, id BOTMepe3Hac6nnaapTMnne- 
pus b CTOpOHy rop Mw eaeM no nycToid aopore. HidKoro 
HgT. a caepxy. nepea Hac neTAT CHapnabi He to, 
hto6w CTpaiuHo, ho - OMenb HenpidflTHoe outyiiie- 
HHe ... 

riocne B03BpaLneHH(i mw HanncanH HeSonbwoid 
OTMeT. R yBnexcn npaaoBbiMid MOMenTaMn. nay^an 
CTaTbM YronoBHoro xoaexca. MewaynapoaHwe Hop- 
Mw rtoTOM TaHH KacaTKtdna n Oner Opnos* 1 roeopsiT 
«A tw He xoTen 6bi 6onee-Menee nocTOHHHo paSoTaTb 
s npaB03amidTHOM uenTpe's - «Mto snanidT pa6o- 
TaTb ? » - «y nac b 1996 roay SyaeT HecKonbKO hobwx 
nporpaMM no paaHbtM TewaM. HanpiiMep. ancKpidMM- 
Hauidii no 3THidHecxoMy npid3Haxy. npecneaoBaHne no 
nonnTMHecKHM motubbm b CTpaHax CHr» 

H noayMan n cxasan SHaeTe. STHnnecKaH /xvtc- 
KpidMUHaunfl . espeidCKidid aonpoc Tax MHe Ha6nn ocko- 
MMHy b npouinoM. n yme ycTan. A npecneaoBaHide no 

nonWTMHeCKMM MOTMSaM - MHTepeCHO riOTUXOHbKy 

paaaopaMMBan 3Ty TeMy CTan 06iaecTBeHHbiM no- 
MOtUHHKOM MrpyHoea- 4 b AyMe 

Toraa Kan paa 6wno necKonbKO cnynaeB «norrwTid- 

M6CK0M» 3KCTpaaidLltdM M3 POCCHM, Mbi CO CBeTnaHOM 

TaHHyujKidHoii-- HMid aaHtdManidCb. 

BecHoii 1996 roaa noexan SMecTe c Human 
Rights Watch-" a Muhck noTOM eme HecxonbKo pas 
eaawn b Benopyccwio. 



-' renpux AnmymtH (p. J933-2005) - duccttdetim, nodeep- 
eancn penpeccufru co cmoponbi krs. 6up ocyxden deax- 
dbi 39 nKnoeamya, tBumucommcxue swc*tajweaHu»» u 
xcatmuadamtt 

■ ' Tamhfwa KacamKuna. Ones Opnoe - poccuucxue npaoo- 
jamumHUKu, pyisoaodumenu npaeo3atuwnnoao uewnpa 
«i MeMopuan» Cm Mypnan *Kapma» Nstte 36-37 
'■' BrntBcnaa WapyHoa a mo epeuif 6wn donymamoM Tocy- 
dapcmaeHHou Jyww 



■ CaenvwHa ranHyui*una - poccuQcuuQ npaoosauxummtti, 
npsdcedameub KoMumema irrpajudancxoa codedcmawe*. 
opaaHuiauuu noMosatoweQ fiearewyaw U abwyxdcuHbiM 
nepeceneHuat* PyKoeodument, «6e«eMC«ux» npoaKmoa 
npaaoaautumHoao llenmpa «MaMopuan». 
■"* Human Rights Watch (*Xbio*ian Paumc Bonn*) - odna 
ua ttpynmQwux ueiKdynapcxtHux npaeosaiMumHbn opza- 
HiaauuQ. ocHoaaHnan a 1978 zody 



*w* knit org 



16 



4 nOPTPET 



M 8 rpysmo - KaK «rpynna Cepren Koeaneea»- 
Bcrpe^anuicb c LDeBapAHaA3e xoannn no TtopbwaM, 
30HaM. poflCTBeMHHKaM aaKniOMeHHbix. Co6wpartn 
UHoro paaHOH HH0opMaqnn no UenTpanbHOvi A3ww. 
3aKaeK33bK) Benopycciw 

Cflenann 6a 3y AaMHbix, c KOTOpofl momcho 6wno 
paSoTaTb B 1999 rofly BbinycTvmn M3flaHne no ccmm 
crpaHaM CHP cnpaBo^HMK btopom nonoBMHbi 9G-x 
roflOB-rfle, Koro apecTOBanw, xaicMecpOKw. KOpoTKne 
6norpa4>wn Homhmo wucto uncpopMaunoHHOM pa6o- 
Tbi Mens nHTepecoeana caMa npoBneMa hto TaKoe 
nonnTwuecKHe aaKntoHeHHwe ceroAHn. H cian pe«a«- 
TopoM-cocTaawTeneM poccwMCKoro BecTHHKa Amnesty 
International* 

HHCTMTyr npaB nenoBeKa 

- Tbi paccxasan npo «MeMopuafi». ho b ocwoa- 
hom BaneHtnuH fecpmep uaeecmew xax dupexmop 
tfHcmumyma npae uenoeexa CoeM&maatUb paOomy 
e dayx Mecmax ? 

- R no-npewKefcty Hnen coBSTa npaeo3aiAHTHoro 
ueHTpa «MeMopwan». xo*y »a ece coQpanvm, ho oc- 
HOBHoe, nocTOttHHoe MecTo pa6oTbi - HHCTvrryx npaB 
Menoeetca KpoMe Toro. ecTb nepnoAM^ecKHtf «Poc- 
cmmckwk SionnereHb no npaBaM ^enoBeKao, KOTopwrt 
HywHO AenaTb 

- ymo eooCtue u3daem. nySnuKyem MHcmumym? 

- t43AarenbCKan A^f TenbHOCTt «nepeiuna» k HaM 
ot Pocc«MCKO-aMepnKaHCK0M npoetcTHOM rpynnw no 
npaBaM MenoBSKa Tpynna Havana, a MHCTwryT npo- 
AOjijkwt nepeaoA m awnycK khuwkh JleHTOBCKoti nep- 
Boro nonbCKoro 0M6yACM3Ha'\ cepuM Apywx khw* 
BMecTe c Oohaom uTo^Ka onopbi» mu A^naeu 6po- 
miopia Ann ynnTeneii m npenoAaeaTe/iew By3oe He 
■/MeSHUKH mjih yvie6Hbie nnaHbi. a AononHHTenbHbte 
MaTepnanw 

- TeMamuvecKue? 

- fla wnpaea HenoaeKa n aaK/iKweHtie hoa CTpa- 
wekirt. «npaea Me/ioBeKa n cyAonpon3BOACTBo». «flwc- 
KpMMMHaqnB, nnMnpaBaMeHbujnncTB»,«npaBaHeno- 
BeKa b coL-nanbHow ccpepe», «npaea nenoseKa m 

BbieOpW-* MTOSbl A3Tb CT3pLUeKJiaCCHMKy h CTyAeH- 

ry, a eme BawHee TOMy. kto SyfleT ero ogynaTb b stow 
ctpepe, cpaBHuienbHO cae»we Marepuanbi 

PasHbie BsrnRAbi Ha npoonewy. KopuaTMBHtae 
aKTbJ, cyAeSHbie peiueHna TaKnx nocoSiw mm vnp&m 
AeeflTb HeAaBHO BCTpena^ncb Ha cewiMHape c 4HTa- 
TejiBMH, Koropwe c-ieHb xeanwnM Ho noKa THpaw 
HeBonbiiiow, Bcero TWGtNfl aKaeMn/isipOB. 

flpyroe nanpaaneHiie naiuen paSoTbi - saKOHO- 
AareribHoe 3Toro paHbtue He 6btno 

- Floaodu, vmo snavum «He 6btno»? Mhozub 
opzamnanuu pa6omatom c denymamauu. 3anuua- 
tomcft aaKOHomaopuecmeoM . . . 

- FlpotpunbHbie -Aa To ecTb neKOTopwe opraHH- 
3aqnn pa6oT3K)T c HeKOTOpwMH 4acTBMM flyMy no 
"Cbohm" HanpaaiieHMflM 3 Me roBopio o mohhtopmh- 
re aaKOHOTBOpMecKoro npOLiecca b qenoM FloAHepKH- 
eaio, 3to He To/ibKO pa6oia HOMHoro ciopoMa. koto- 
pwti KonOTMT. eowi mto He tbk 3to m KOHCTpyicraBHafl 
paooTa He npocio 6nTb Tpeaory, Kpn^aib «Kapayn». 
a peanbHO y^acTBOBarb 




BanemnuH r&pmep hs Kon(pepenmiu «Okho e ceo6odhuu 

Mupu nocasnneHHOu HBnptiKOCMOaenHOcmu 

lacmHoii mu3Hu e Hnmepneriw 

- Hpueedu Kaxou-Hti6ydb npuuep, nomanyOcma 

- npnaeay ABa riepBbiw - KorAa naM c JleBUHCo- 
hom 29 yAanocb a «yxoAfliAnfi noe3A» yronoBHO-npo- 
qeccyanbHoro KOAe^ca (VTIK) Bicnio^MTb aaiMWTHMKa- 
HeaABOKara noHa^any wa yflK «BbiKMHynM» soo6me 
BCSKoro HenpotpeccHOHanbHoro aABOKaTa HaM Bpo- 
Ae 6bi yAanocb oSocnoBaTb ceoio noauMMto B nocneA- 
HMll MOMeHT 6naroAapn y-HacTiw HeKoropbix mieHOS 
pa60Me(i rpynnw, npo<peccnOHa/ibHbix topMCTOB. yAa- 
nocb ocraBHTb aamnTHUKa-HeaABOKaia Ha craAKvi 
cyAa 

- 4mo ebtuzpanu npu smoM npocmue niodu? 

- Tot, kto ne xo^eT aAeoxaxa - no AeneKHbiM 
coo6paj«eHMflM urtu no KatcuM-To Apyr^M - win b 
AonoriHeHMe k aABOKaxy xoTen 6bi nMetb aamnTHMKa 
(a HHorAa 3to cmeHb noneaHO). Tenepb moxot 3to 
CAenaTb Ho To^bKO. k cowaneHKio. b cyAeSHOM npo- 
uecce Ha CTaAMH cneACTBMH - He nojiyHwiocb. npec- 
CMHr 6wn OMBHb 6o/ibUJOM *TonbKO npocpeccnoHa^b- 

Hbie K3pMCTbl HaM npaBOSaiAMTHUKOB He H3A0 » 

- Ho eedb ecnu nenoeBxy we xeamaem cpedcme 
na adeoxama. eeo donxno npedocmaeumb socydap- 
cmeo, pa3ee ne max? 

- fla, ho 3to 4acio He3<fo>eKTHBHO HanpuMep, 
npeAOCTaennioT aABOKaia, 3HaKOMoro cneAOBaTenro 
A to m npocrro mast HeKanecTBeHHaB aaiiima Macca 
Ae0eKTOB A TonxoBbiki npaaoasiAHTHHK onpeAenen- 
ho nyntue, neM aABOKaT. KOTOpwii hm nepTa He AenaeT 
Aa eme AeHbrw cocer. 

Hac oneHb MHorwe npasoaatAHTHMKH, b nepByio 
OMepeAt nauiviH v\ nonnK08a K , pyrann 3a to, mto mw 
He ctanw b pe3Kyio onnoawuHro aTOMy Yfl K Ohh c4HTa- 

AM. 4T0 TaKOtf ynK. KOTOpbIM BO MHOfOM Xywe. 46M 

^aTaHbtki-nepejiaTaHbiiii, npeiKHwii. eiye cOBeTCKHii 



KAPTA- (*43-l* 2005 



4 nOPTPET 



17 



yflK, He noriHOCTbio y^HTMBaeT peoieHn« KoHCTirry- 
i4MOHHoro cyfla EaponeMCxoro cyfla h Tax flanee 8 
o6mewi no nx MHeHHio, nenbss 6w/io y^acTBOBaTb b 
paspaSoTxe 3Toro yDK, HaflO 6bino BCTaTb s peSKyto 

Onn03H!4MK3. 

Bopubi 3a HfleanbHbiii YflK croflnn HacMepTb Mbi 
ace cnnTann. mto Haflo nwTaTbca ynynwHTb to. mto 
ecTb HacpyranM. MO)«eT6bJTb. cnpaseAnHBo Ho BCe- 

T3KH H3M yflanOCb MaCTMHHO npeflOTBpaTWTb fla/lb- 

neiTiwee yxyAwenwe yriK 

BToport npntMep - 33koh 06 oStneCTBeHHOM koht- 
pone 3a co6niCAeHneM npaa MenoBexa b Meciax npn- 
HyflMTenbHoro coflep>KaHYifl nafl CTpawefl Hpeflbifly- 
man nonwTKa, xoTopyio B03rnaBnnn Banepvivt 6op- 
mee, x co«aneHnro, oxOHMwnacb HvmeM HaM yflanocb 
nepeflenaTbaaKOH. npncnoco6irtTberoKTpe6oBaHwflM 
BeAOMCTa Haflerocb, 3tot 3axon flacr npaB03autMTHi*- 
KaM BOSMOMHOCTb 5e3 npeAynpe)t<AeHiiifl nocematb 
30Hbl, OTfle/ieHWfl muhhlimm. CH30, WBC" 

Mbi He AywaeM, mto sbkoh Mflea/ibHwi/i Dpnxo- 
AHTcn cxnTaTbcfl c orpaHMMeHuflMM, KOTOpbie HaKna- 
flWBaer aAMMHUcrpaunfl Bcex sthx Mecr nmueHwa 

CBOOOflW 

- 4 meoe h© «a*emcfl. vmo npaG03amummiKU e 

uenoM ace-maw npouapbiaaiom e dyMCKOM 3axoHQ- 
meopveacoM npouecce? 

- Cn/ibi HepaBHbie «A6jioko» bo BTopoii fly we 
nponrpbiBano noM™ ace. a Mbi yw Tew Sonee Do 
HSKOTOpbiM Bonpocaw Mbiflawey cnc h «H6nOKa»He 
HaxoflMfiM noflflepacKw 

- B MoczopdyMe cumyamift maxan xe 7 

- HawHeM c Toro. mto b MocxBe npaKXHMecKH neT 
nnflnpyHDineiTi oQmecTBeHHOW opraHnaaunn. xoTopan 
6b< 3aHWManact> pernoHanbHbiMn npoSneMaMn b Lte- 
noM. fla. conAarcKiyie Marepn MMeiOT MocxoBCKoe ot- 
aeneHne y «rpa>KAaHCKoro coAa^CTBMB». y oeweH- 
ueB, npo6neMbt b aHamyiTenbHOfi creneHM MMeHHO c 

MOCKOBCKHMK BJiaCTflMK 

npotpiyinuHbie opraHMsauHM - ecTb Bo MHorwx 
perwoHax ohh saHnivaiOTCH pernoHajibHWMM npoSne- 
MaMH A Mw e ueHTpe, y Hac 3a sck> Pocchio otbcthh- 
kw, K coMcaneHttio, mockobckhc opraHW3aunn QMeHb 
Ma no cocpeAOTOseHbi Ha MecTHux npo6neMax pea kg 
BbiaaiOT WHtpopMaumo o Hkix. xoTfl 6w a cpopMe npecc- 
periM30B 

- Tbi uMeeiMt, a eudynpaeo3atuumHbte opzamt3a- 

liUU? 

-fla O6beAHHHTbM0CK0BCKHe0praHW3ai4MU. mto- 

6bi ohh npucbinann uiH^opwauwto no npneMy , no TeKy- 
\i\v\m o6pameHnsM rpa«fl3H - sto 0M6Hb TpyAHO Mm 
xajKAyro Heflenro paccw^aeM nosecTKy MocxoBCKOii 
'opoflCKOii flyMbi C 6onbwymnM TpyAOM npo6w/in b 
nepaoM ^tbhum aaKOH o mockobckom ynonHOM04eH- 



hom no npaaaMMenoaeKa Ho M3pMHCTonnaHacMep7b 
npoTvtB 3Toro saKOHa 

- M ceQvac cmoum? 

-fla 3a«0H yBbi, ne npvtBeTCTByeTCfl ao ckx nop 

- Ho^euy? 

- Apr/MeHTaunfl y hmx TaKan moo, vt 6e3 Toro 
MHoro bcbkmx opoKypaTyp ecTb tpeflepanbHbiii ynon- 
HOMOMeHHbiPi, HenoHSTHO. xax ohh 6yAyT aaawvioflei^- 
cTBOBaTb, noHeivty rpaityiaHe noviAyT Tyfla, a ne cwfla. 
5yAy ^n Boo6me xoflMTb. fla h aa^eM Haw nmuHHe 
npoBepstoiiine. .. 

Mmhobhmk He OMCHb /iio6mt. Korfla noHB^HK3TCfl 
KaKwe-TO KOHTponbHbte hhct3hlihm M3pn*i Tax arpec- 
cmbho OTnnpanacb OTynonHOMOMeHHoro. wto flenyTa- 
Tbi He Bbiflepwann n nporonocoBam «3a» (CivieeTCR) 
3to 5btno noDTopa roAa HaaaA 

flpyroM npMMep Mocropflyua o6cyw<flaeT npoexr 
aaKOHa o CMCTeMe npaaoBoii noMomn Manoo6ecne- 
4eMHWM MocKBvmau Ohh xotrt 3to cflenaTb no cxeMe 
cTpaxoBaHwn us SioAweTa. To ecTb 6tOfl)«eT aaer Ka- 
Kyto-io cyMMy \a r\K>m c ManwMn floxoflaMM (h none- 
My- to coLinanbHQii KapToA - xoth coM^a/ibHaR xapTa 
ne sanfleTCfl npusMaKOM Manoro aoxofla) nonyManaT 
npaaoByto noMOiAb Ha KOHKypCHOft OCHoee 6yAeT 
BbiSpaHa OflHa HexoMMepMecxas opraHMaauHs - aA- 

MHHMCTpaTOp BCeirt 3TOM nOMOlUM OHa 6yA6T H36H- 

pan> topucTOB \a Tax Aanee MAefl caMa no ce6e 
xopoLuaa Ho Mapwq roBOpwr «Kax Tax? B«A)xeTHb)e 
flenbrsi 6yfleT HeGtOflweTHasi opraHkisaiiMS TpaTMTb' 7 » 

Xoth mto Tyr nnoxoro? M iiotom, sto Beflb fleHbrw 
He M3pnn. a HanoronnaTenbinnKOB. 

Cyflw. npoKypaTypa. MBfl - Te npaKTMnecKH b 
ynop He bhaht nenpaBHTenbCTBeHHwe opraHH3aunn. 
(Kpowe Tex, KOTopue hmh Me cosflaHbt). 

Ohh MyBCTByioT ce6a caMOAocTaTOMHWMH h chm- 

TatOT, HTO HetA Hac, npaBOSaiUHTHMKOB, MeHbUie - TeM 

nyniue 3to 0611433 TenfleHLinfl flnn Mocxebi, eoo6iAe 
Ann MOCKOBCxoro persona . 

O npo6neMax coBpeMeHHOH 
npaB03aiuHTbi 

- EcTb eiye oaho HanpaBneHwe. xOTopoe, MoweT 
6wTb HaM MeHbwe yflaeTCR 3aHHMaeMcn tpyHflaiuieH- 
ranbHbiMn npoofieMaMH b o6nac™ npas nenoBeKa 
Mbi nbiTanncb B03poflnTb ceMwnap, H33B3B ero npe- 
>khmm MMeneM cCeMHHap Jlapucbi Boropa3» no- 
MHwujb, Swnw Taxwe b Hanane 90-x. Ha hmx o6cy>KAa- 
n neb oSujue npo OneMw npasoaaujviTHoro flBHKeHMn . 

- fla. noMHHD - oduH U3 npoexmoe MockobckoO 
XenbcuHKCKou zpynnbi 

- BepHO, a L^HCTHTyT noAAepxcMean c M3flaTe/ibc- 
koh CTOpOHbi. Bee 6pomiopb(. 3tm 6eneHbKne KHMJKen- 
km, flenan HHCTvnyr. TOrfia 3to 6bina npoeKTHan rpyn- 



- Amnesty International (oMamdyHapodnan AuHucmua*) - 
odMfl u3 Haudonee asmopumemHbw u xpymbtx (oxono 
nonymopa MunmjOHoa v/rewtMj npaeosamumHbi* opeami- 
oauuii e uupe. ocnoaana e 1961 zody 
■'* Oudydcuan - ynortHOMOuenHbiu no npaeaut vanoeexa 
Eea newnoBCxa 6una napauM nonbcxuu OMfiydcwaHOM 
" flee fleeuHCQH - poccuucxuQ npaeo3amum»ux, sxcrwpm 
HtKmumyma npaa venoaaxa 



* CepaeO naiuun. Mapa FlontiKoaa - topucntbt pyxoeodu- 
manti He3aeucuuoeo sxcnepmno-npaaoeoio coeema 
QpzaHuaaum npoaodum, a iacmnoctnu. axenepmnbte 
QiiBHxu 3axoHonpoaxmoe, npuHuuaeMhtx rocydapcmeen- 
hoQ JJymoO 

M CM30 - cnedcmeaHHbiti u3omtmop. M0C - u3ommop 
epemeMHOao codepxamn* 



aw* k vll org 



18 



4 nopfPET 







Fptizopud tUaedoe («Meuopuan», Mocxea) 

AndpeO E/iuwyu/oe (*MeMopuar><>. vKapmau PnsaHti). 

BanewmjH rg&mep (MHcmumym npaa venoeeio) 



na.CeMKHapnpeKpaTuncflB 1 995-96 roAax. Hona Ana 
ero B03powfleHHH Haw He xBaTaet 3Heprnn. Ho, a 
flyMa«. Mbi caenaeM 3to, k 3T0My o6a3wBaioT co6w- 
tub 11 ceHTR6pfl, Kpwanc Mnpoeoro npaB03amnTHoro 
ABHweHMR Koropoe Beaae HaxoAHTca b aTaicyeMOii 
noawunn. we TO/ibKo b Poccmw 

- Kan, no-meoeMy. nocnedcmeuf* 1 1 ceHnwdpp 
CKa3anucb Ha npasosauxumHUKax? 

-fle/IO, K0H64H0, He B 0CO6eHHOCTBX KOHKDeTHO- 

ro Tepairra b CL11A. Me^ne vtnvt Upaice a b tom. mto 
rocyAapcTBO HannMaeT McrionbaOBaTb npo6neMw 6e- 
3onacHOcrn flfiH Hacryn^eMMH Ha npaea nenoeeKa 
3to xopouio wsBecmo 

OAHa«o ecTb vt MeJKAynapoAHaa Teppopwcivmec- 
Kan ceTb, KOTopaa, b o6iueM, To*e HBnaeT co6oh 
rpOMaAHyio yrpoay npaaaM MenoBexa flena-rb b«a. 
mto ee H6T. mto rocyaapcTBo npocTo swflytwano 3ry 
onacHocTb. mto6w 6bin npeA^or HapyiuaTb npaBa 
rpawAan. Mbt ne Mowew 

- npaeosaiuumHUKOB vaute aceso u ynpexatom a 
moM, unto ohu 3anuMa<om odny cmopony - amanytom 
socydapcmeo. e mo epeun kbk 

- V rocyAapcTaa ecrb peanbHaa npMMWHa orpanw- 
«nsaTb npaaa HenoBexa MnorAa oho anoynOTpeSna- 

eT 3TOI/I npHMWHOM HT06W OObeKTMBHO Ha 3TO CMOT- 

peTb - Ka« b cnTyai4Hw c HeMHew, nanpuwep - HyweH 
TuuaTenbHwii aHanna roro, mto tbm doomcxoamt mo- 
AepHnaaqMfl HeKOTopbix Hawwx npaKTMK. weTOA«K. 
HaAO noHHiviaTb, mto xot« TpaAMiiwoHHwii Hapyum- 
Tenb vt nauj onnoneHTBcerfla Sbino rocyAapcTBO. ecTb 
vt Apyrwe cepbewwe HapyLuwreJin , kotopwm un aoh- 
>«Hbi AasaTb oiteHKy 

- npae03atuumnuKaM, Ha meoQ asznnd. no cu- 
naM maxap 3adava? Bo mhozux aanadnbix cmpanax k 
hum omHoewmcH... Kan mbi CKB3an? /Ja, «hovhou 
cmopom» TaMecmhmaxoumepMUH watchdog, «cmo- 
pomeeou nec». xomopbtu donxteH naamb. xosda zocy- 
dapcmao nacmynaem hb npaea. a o6tuecmeo no meu 
Ufiu UHbiM npuvtmaM amo ne saMevaem 3adana npa- 
BQ3amufflHUKa - «3ananmb», vmoGw o6tuecmeo npo* 
CHynocb. Ho ecnu npaeosautumnuKu 6ydym k moMy 
me ewe u aaHUMambcn cepbejnuM BHanusOM cumya- 
uuu. MOHumopuHZOM cnyvaee HapyuieHuO npae veno- 



aexa co cmopoHbi meppopucmuvacKux opaaHu3awu, 

xeamum nu na 3tno npaeoaaiuummmoa ?Mhb Nawa- 
wm nu ohu dy&nupoeamb <pyHnu,uu socydapcmaa ? 

- TocyAapCTBO saHviMaeTCn MOHmopMHroM He 
HapyiiieHHii npaB ^e/iOBeKa. a HapyaieHMM 33kohhoc- 
th, a Maiye Boo6me npoTuBonocTaB/iReT curie cwny 
Ho mw «e cewMac roaopwM He o tom, wacKOnbKo Hac 
xsaTUT BawHO. mto6u ofiaiecTBo noHUMano mw npn- 
3HaeM, 4To HapywuTe/iflMw flanntoTCR n TeppopHCTbi, 
a nHorAa n Kopnopaqnn pasHoro pOAa 4to TaKoe, a 
KOHue KOHL40B, aaiuMTa npaa noTpe6nTeneii 

- Tbi omnocuuib 3amumHUKoa npas nompedume- 
neu x npaeo3amumHuxaM? 

- Ec/im KOpnopatn*B HapyujaeT KaKne-TO npaea 
rpawflan 

- HanpuMep, ucmopu* c MTC, Komopan 6a3y 
dannbtx ceoux a6oH0Htnoe ynycmuna a omKpbtmyio 
npodamy? 

- fla. C03HaTartbH0 wnn Heco3HaTenbHo. M kom- 

naHMB flOri)«Ha HeCTM OTSeTCTBeHHOCTb. KOHeMHO, oc- 

HOBHad paQoTa HanpaBnena Ha rocyAapcTBO vt ao/dk- 

HOCTHWX nHL(, HO 3TO He 3H3HHT. 4T0 Mbi MOMCBM 33- 

KpwTb rnaaa Ha Apyrwe cpaoopbi, HanpuMep, Hawn 
Konnern a MeMne oiMenatoT HapytueHno npaB ne/ioBe- 
«a APyoft ctopOHoiii KOHCprmKTa. 

- B wew mb mozda Kpu3uc 7 

- CeroAHa H3M cnowHee pafioTaTb Mn He uMeeM 
TaKOfi o6iAecTBeHHOii noAAepw™, ksk paHbiue Mw 

6onbLlje BTHHyTbt B npOTMBOCTOSHtie c TeM« rocyflap- 

cTBaMw vt MewrocyAapcTBeHHWMH CTpyirrypaMti. koto- 
pwe. K3K paHbiue HaM Kaaafiocb, 6wnn c h3mh MAeuiHO 
na oahoiH CTOpone. H npw stom mw florwnw 3aMenaTb 
ecex napyujMTeneS. He roribKO rocyAapcTBO. Ecnvi 

XOnetlJb. HaSOBH 3T0 He KPH3HCOM, a HeKOTOpOM HOBOM 
TOMKOft 

- B manQM cnyuae neped npaeo3atuumHuxaMU 
cmoitm cyuiBcmeeHHO donee cnoMHbie 3adavu 

- KoHenno. npome pa6oraTb rtpoTMB TOTannTap- 
Horo rocyAapCTBa (npw ycnosuw. hto hb cvinuuih, tsm, 
BHyrpM - oco6eHHO b TiopbMe) Bee hcho, ace bmaho, 
kto mto HapymaeT Hmk3khx HerocyAapcTaeHHwx mh- 

CTWTyTOB. TaM « T6ppOpM3Ma-TO HBT, B TaKMX TOCyAap- 
CTB3X 

A b 6oree cjiojkhoh HWHeuiHeK cuTyaynH. MeiKAy- 

HapOAHOtS Vt BHyTpeHHei* 06CTaH08Ke OHOHb nacTo 

seKTOpos MHoro. n nyjKHo noHHMaTb, Ha mto pearnpo- 

BaTb. M 6WTb aAeKBaTHWM CHTyaqHM 

K TOMy me, Kpowie yMHOweHUH Mwcna npo6neM w 
ycnowHeHvtfl vtx no cymecTBy. ecrb euje o6i>eKTMBHaH 
npoSneMa Hac Mano He TonbKo noTOMy. mto b Haiue« 
ctpepe Mano oprawnaaMMM vt nioAefi. KOTopwe 06 stom 
AywaiOT cpyHAaMenTanbHo. 

CpeAH Tex. kto co3AaBan Haw UncTviTyT, MHoro 
«MeMopnanbueB». ohu mhoto pa6oT3H3T b «MeMopn- 
ane», bo3mo>kho, y hmx neT aoct3tomho apeMeHu Ha 

BCS OaKTMMeCKM. HHCTWTyT CTOMT H3 HeCKOnbKMX ntO- 

Ahx. KOTopwe OTA8KJT BpeMfl n cunw pa6oTe, kct3tm, 
cobcbm HeoCaaaTenbHo onnaMMBaeMofi 

MOJKeT 6WTb. B 3T0M Vt HatU HeAOCTaTOK - MSJIO 

npHBTieKaeM hobwx niOAefi k noAo6HOii pa6oTe Mo- 
*eT 6wTb, 3to o6teKTKtBHan m «ee4Haa» Tpy^Hocrrb 



KAPTA- UHS-i* 200S 






4 T1PABA MEJ10BEKA 



19 



HAKA3AHME M/114 nAMflTb O >KEPTBAX? 




AueKcaHAp HEPKACOB 

23 cenrnGpfl 2005 roAa 
eocToaniiCb noxopOHw 

KOX0THKK3 3a HaqHCTa- 

mh» CnwoHa Bvt3eHTa- 
jih. Oh yMep 19 ceHTsG- 
pn. 3acHyn n He npo- 
CHyncn - CMepTb npa- 
Be^HUKa 

Eme flea rofla na- 
aaw, a anpene 2003-ro, 
oh 3aMeTnn, uto flexio 

ero WW3HH BbinODHeHO 

«fl nepewnn hx ecex, m 
ecnn ecTb ei^e (pawncTb»-npecTynHMKw. noHCKaMM 
KOTopwx « He 33HMMancH to ohh ceroAHfl mjim cnnui- 
kom crapw. n/iw He BCTaiomne c nocTenn KHBanMflw fl 
Cflenan cbokj paGoTy, w » yxox<y». 

PoAHBLUMMcn a 1908 rofly H3 3anaAHoa YKpawHe 
BusenTanb b 1 934-m okohnmji flpa>KCKHkt rexHunecKHH 
yHHBepcwteT. nonyvvm AwnnoM MHweHepa-apxwTex- 
Topa Ho Bex yroTOBMft ewy Apyryto creato riocne 
coBeTCKoti OKKynaqnn 1939-ro BvoenTarib. pa6oT3B- 
uim TexHMKOM Ha cpaopHKe bo Jlbeoee woewan ccbin- 
kh B CuSwpb B 1941-M npwtunn HaiiHCTbi. 

Kasanocb BbiwHTb Gbino h6bo3mo>kho - B nare- 
pnx cruHynii 87 poactbohhhkob CuMona Bn3eHTan«. 
Caw oh coTpyflHtman c Ae^CTBOBaBUJUM Ha DbBOBiuM- 
He noribCKMM nOAnoribeM h Aonroe Bpewn yxHTpnncn 
M36eraxb apecTa. Oh Aawe cyMen aoGbiTb Ana ceoen 
weHbi 0anbujnBbie AOKyMeHTu. no KoropbiM 0Ha CTa- 
na nonbKOfi. 

Ho see paBHo e 1942-m ohm nonajin b HHOBCKvtfi 
KOHunarepb Bbin noGer. w chobs narepb B 1945-m 
6e>«ana ywe oxpana - ot npn6nwK3(OiiierocFi {ppOHxa 
ABec™ xoHBOHpoB npHxaaTMfiw c co6om 34 aaxjiKweH- 
hwx M3 no/iyropacxa TbicftM Ocra/ibHwx - b pacxoA 
DoneMy He Bcex? HaBepHoe, mtoGw He OTnpaennw Ha 
nepeAOByio. 

KorAa Bn3eHTans ocBo6oA«nn m3 Mayr3xay3eHa 

COW3HWKH, OH BeCHfl 40 KUnorpaMMOB 3T0 6b)T10 HyflO 

h B«3eHTarib BOCnpHHRn ero ksk mmccmio AoGnTbCfi 

CnpaBeAJlMBOrO B03Me3AKH OT HMCHM Tex, KTO He ao- 

JlpecTynHMKOB noBwnw cneMcnyjKGbi Docne eotf- 
hw Bvi3eHTanb «3Koe-To BpeMH MCKan BoeHHbix npe- 
cTynnkiKOB Ha TeppnTopnw AscTpuM paGoTas b aMe- 
pvtKaHCKoti BoeHHOii aAMUHMCTpauHn, noTOM b YnpaB- 
neHMn cTpatervtMecKnx c/iyx<6 « KOHTppaseeAKe B 
1947-m oTKpbin b JlnHije EapewcKMti ueHTp MCTopimec- 
ko« AOKyMeHTauHH, npocymecTBOBaaiutivi ao 1954 
roAa. KorAa co6paHHbte AOKyweHTbi 6btnn nepeAanbi a 
H3pannb a Ha BaiueiM - uyseti m apxuB XonoKOcra 



AneitcaHdp yepxacoe - v/row npaanenun npaaosatuumMO- 
to obute cmga I MeMopuanr 



B 1961-m BuseHTanb ocHOBan HOBbtit ueHTp b 
BeHe, KOTopbiiii c 1977 roaa hocwt ero mma m b Hacro- 
nmee BpeMFt nMeer AOCbe Ha Gonee Mew 22 tuc^mh 
yqeneawnx h3uvictckvix npecTynHUKOB 

CpeAM Tex, Koro yAanocb noiiMaTb 6naroAapn 
ycwnwRM Cmmoh3 Bn36HTann, 0wrypbi pa3Horo xa- 
nwopa 3to AAorib0 3mxm3h, c 1934 roAa - OTBeT- 
CTBenHbui sa peuieHxte «eBpevicKoro Bonpoca» b CnaB- 
hom ynpaaneHMM nwinepcKOM 6e30nacH0CTM TpeTbero 
petixa fnaBHbiM bmhthk b MatuMne oopaTHBiueti a 
nerten ujecib wminHOHOB eapeeB B KOHue nsTHAeca- 
Twx Bn3eHTanb Hamen ero cneAw b ApreHTMHe, OTxy- 
Aa aareu «MoccaA» BbiKpan o&epnanaMa BepxoBHbiw 
cyA Hapanns npuroBopun ero k CMepTHoA xasnn 31 
Man 1961 roAa npnroBop 3^XM3Hy 6bin npneeA^H b 
HcnonHeHHe 

Apyrovi nepcoHaiK. noHeciiinii HaKa3anne 6naro- 
Aaps ycunwfiM Bm sen Tana - Kapn 3nnb6ep6ay3p. 
OTnpaBHBUJHM b KOHunarepb Ahhv OpaHK KCTaTM. 
MMeHHO oh nocne apecTa b 1956-m yAOCTOBepnn riOA- 
flHHHOCTb AHeBHWKa AHHbl. B KOTOpOM ao Toro MHorne 

cOMHeeanMCb 

Bes ycunnw «o6ecnoK06HHort oSmecTBeHHocTvn* 
HaqucTCKne npecryn/ieHwa anoriHe Momn Swib 3a6w- 
tw riocne rio6eAb) m HopnSeprcKoro npoyecca Bne- 
paiuHne coKJ3Hi»KM oSHapyTKwiM noTpeGnocTb b cne- 
L(nanncTax pa3Horo rtpo(pnr»fi n Macro roTOBbi 6wnn 
CKB03b na/ibUbi CMorpetb na nx npoiunoe. CosAanne 
ByHAeceepa 6e3 ocpwuepoB n renepanoB BnepaniHero 
BepMaxra 6bino HesosMOKHO EnposeM. vt Counann- 
CTtmecxap eAHHas napTHH TepMaHMM HywAanacb b 
AMcuHnnMHHpoeaHHbix KaApax - OTxyAa mx Gbino 6paTb 
xax He M3 6b(BtiJHx (pyHKuMOHepOB HeMeMKovi paGonew 
napTMH (npaBAa. c npncT38KoiS «H3LinoHan-coqviann- 

CTMMeCKOMw)? 

Tomho rax we oKKynwpoBaHHbie HaqHcraMM crrpa- 
hw Eeponbi npeAnoHJiH aaGwTb o npomnOM. eepnee 
OTO)tyiecTBMTbce6Bcno6eAkrrenBMM KaK, HanpwMep 
Mts/ihr MriM 4>paHL4Hfl. rAe opraHH30BMBaBujwM Ae* 
nopTatiMM eapees Mopnc rianoH yenen noGbisaTb npe- 
tpe«TOM riapuwa m mhhmctpom Pecny6nn«M. 

B 1967 roAy BnaeHTa/ib awnycrun KHwry «y6nii- 
Ubt cpeAH Hac» Ha3aaHMe 3tom KHwrw ocMbicn»nocb 
eme MHorne toaw 

BceMHpHas naMsiTb XonoKOcre - Ana nac Bpo- 
Ae Gbi npuBwwHasi w cawa coGoh pasyMetomancn - 
npwmjia TonbKO b KOHue ceMMAecsTbix. 

Bcero ueHTp Btt3eHTanfl cnocoGcTBOBasi noHMxe 
m ocyx^AeHwro Gonee 1 100 HamncTCKwx npecrynHHxoe 

TonbKO HeAaBHo, b na^ane ceHTflGpa, noBBwnocb 
cooGiueHvte, mto no ero aHaeoAKe» wcnaHcxaa nonn- 
MW?i nmeT b npoBHHUMH BaneHCMfl nauncTCKoro npe- 
CTynHMKa ApwGepTa Xe&Ms. «AOicropa», OTaeTCTBeH- 
Horo 3a nbJTKM m yGkiwcTBa cotbh saK/no^eHHbJX Mayr- 
xay3ena 



*w* i-a/l* o'g 



20 



4 HPABA MEJ10BEKA 



J 

B 

I 

■ 
a 

•1 
c 
til 



C 1 962-ro XetfM CKpwBancn. e 1979-m 6btn saoM- 
HOOcyjKflfeH, HeMei(KHMCyAnpki3Haji, mtooh «Hacnaw- 
Aancs crpaxoM ciwepTM. McnwrbiBaeMbiM ero wepTea- 
mhv. 3Kcnepvify(eHTMpyfl Ha saKnioMeHHbix M bot ew- 
HUcnujiH 3a 2000-2003 roflw poAHbie XeftMa nepeae- 
nn b AnnKaHTe 160 TbicflH eapo A Xewiwy. MewAy 
npoHMM, 91 rofl 1 

HaBepHoe, r/iaBHan 3acnyra BnaeHTanH - b tom. 
mto yme copOK xieT 6bmwne HauHCTbi He CMetOT oiKptj- 

TO BbJfiTM U3 AOMy 3a 3TO BpeMH CMeHtfnUCb noKO/ie- 

hkb, KOTopwM He Morno 6wTb nepeAaMO aKopnnneBoe 
HacneflCTBo» 

KaKoe Kaaanocb 6bt, sto niueeT OTHoiueHne k 
Haiw' Beflb e CCCP HaMwercKHX Boennbix npecrynHM- 

KOB - HTO My WM X , HTO CBOMX - BOBCK) CawanW H CTaBU J1H 

k CTewKe 15 Hy. ne coaceM nocneAHwe flecftTHneTws, 
CKopee. /yin ruiana *QpraHbi» sHa/iH, mo TaKovi-To 
aeflOK sacnyjKMBaei «BbJUJKM» wnn uHepBOHqaio. ho 
6pann ero, «KOrAa np«AeT epeMS» Bcex nepecawa- 
eM. Tate aeAb hobnx KCxaTb npH abacs' 

M Bee Sojiboie Mormanti 1/1 npo BaSnii flp, h npo 
to. hto B XaTbiHM He HeMubi soBce ntoTOBa/iM, a yKpa- 
whckmh BCnoMoraTenbHbiM OaTaribOH. 

A 6wnw eiye nananw Apyroro poAa - «na cbowx» 
Bot Bepwo paccipensnn a Marepwanbi cneACTBKfl - 
noA cyKHo. B cbmom aene, HHaMe npnw,nocb 6w ca- 
xaTb euje h. nanpMMep. Kpymosa c CepoBUM, a ohm 

- MHHHCTpw fla v\ y caMoro Hhkhtw CepreeBMMa, ec/w 
pa3o6paTbca. pynn Gnum eecbivia nenncTbr - 3TaK no 
KoneHO. 

OcywAeHu 6binMHecKonbKOAecnTKoe Henenose- 
KOB.OAHn-K3 6nnwa«iuerooKpy5KeHHflBepKii.ApyrMe 

- ocooo BbiAatOLuweca nanann 

Ho TaK we 6wno m b ApreHTHHe, v\ b Mmdh - 
nananeM He Tporanti. noKa He cMeHsnoch noKonenMe. 
TonbKo Tenepb aa hhx 6epyrcn 

Mropb ByHTMaH npaBwibno OTMeTun. hto y Hac He 
6bino CBoero H»opH6epra - n noaTOMy mux SpoHeno- 
e3A» CMor npocTostb Ha aanacHOM ny™ Bee nepe- 
ctdowkh c AewoxpaTMaaunsMLi 

Ho onbiT BM3eHTanH noKa3bmaeT. hto oahmx ronb- 
ko ycnnw/i rocyAapcTBa, 6es AaBneHwa «CHM3y». H6- 

AOCTaTOHHO. 

KaK, BnponeM. HeAocraTOMHO OKasa/iocb yawing 
AMCCHA6HT0B, aApxwnenara ryjlam ui npo4erocaMM3- 
AaTa. Bbin/iecHyroro s Maccw mr nHTHaAuaTb-ABaA- 
uaTb naaaA. OnnTb hckhsm bo BnacTw -xe no^eTe 

ripecTynneHWfl npoAon«aKSTCfl. npeoAO/iea py- 
oew TbicfiHeneTMii A wnapTwiiHbie w rocyAapcTBeH- 
Hbie Ae"Tenn», baoSsbok k cnoKOiiHOki CTapocm, no- 
nyMwnn nociuepTHyio cnaey 

CoBeTCKoe AnccnAeHTCTBO Aenano ynop na na- 
MnTb o MepTBax, a OTHKiAb He Ha HaKaaaHwe nafianefi 
no^eMy? XpMCTnaHCKat? TpaAwuHs npoinB eeTxoaa- 
BeTHOti'' He 3Haio... 

Oamh MOii pOACTseHHMK rowe xoAwn Ha cyA hba 
cbomm nananoM ApecTosanw poACTBeHHMKa. o0nue- 
pa, niOTOw 3HMOtf 1941-42 toaob b SiiOKaAHOM neHMH- 
rpaAe nwTanti. KaK boamtcb {TorAa we vt ratA we 
aaMopiijiM flaHnwna XapMca ) ripuroBopunn k pac- 
CTpeny. 3aMennnn TtoptMOii m aepwa^n Ha «Luapauj- 
Ke» s «KpecTax» - nmuHee cenAeTenbCTBO h6bkhob- 
hoctm. 




Cumom Bu3enmanb 



PeaSwnMTupoBann 

Tax bot ero cneAOsaTerm - peA«vtA cnywafi! - b 
50-x cyAnnw Ceprew CepreeBM4 ( B^epatUHMti 3eK, 
noiuen c peiuMMocTbio cxaaaTb Bee He cxasan: «,Qa 
Hy wa^KHft oh Katcoii-To » BnpOHeiM, n 6es Hero 
xsaTHjio noKaaaHUki 

H HBOTflyiwaio-OTKyAa 3to 7 FlpaBunbHonn sto 7 
H He noTOMy nvt Kbl ceroAHfl noeTOpneM «0, apewiH, b 

KOTODOM CTOHMW? 

Chmoh Bw3eKrartb wwn Ao/iro 14/tn paSoTan. no- 

HMMafl, HTO HaAO WHTb A°nrO H BCeM H3M ocTaen/1 
3T0T OnbIT 

y Hac - CBon CTpaHa, CBoe speMn h cbom npecTyn- 
HMM. 

CoBceM HeAaBHO b CepSmt no rocyAapcTeenHO- 
My TeneBWAeHMKj notcasanii BHAeoKacceTy c 3anncbio 
paccTpenoB b Cpe6peHnue AecnTuneTHew AaBHOCTn 
Toro caMoro reHOLiMAa, sa KOTopbiw Tenepb cyaat b 
Taare 

B Poccmh no-APyroMy 

CTpac6ypr, noAywas n«Tb neT, ocyflMn 8 0eapa- 
ne npecTynneHMfl renepanoe LUaMaHoaa m HeAoGnT- 
ko M mto mw o h«x 3HaeM, 06 3TMX npecTynneHHAx v\ 
3thx reHepanax"? 

Hto Mbi anaeM o Tex aniOAnx b MacKax« ^bwviw 

CTapaHMHMM MHCHe3J1M» TbiCflHM ^enoBeK' 7 

BnponeM. Korfla-TO HHKOMy ne 6wnw M3BecrHbi m 

3iixM3H c 3nnb6ep6ay3poM flynuje caMHM ncicaTb n 

cyAHTb «cboux» nananen 

McTOpMH, KaK n3BecTHO. He 3HaeT cocnararenb- 

Horo MaKJioMeHws, ho, . Ecnw 6w repuaHCKHH h cep6- 

ckmm HapOAu Haujnn b ce6e cvinbt cAe/iaTb 3to. bo3- 

mowho, ohh 6bi He no3Hann BoeHHoe nopaweHwe vi 

HauMOHantHoe yHnweHtte 



'KAPTA" Nt*J-44 2005 



4 IMIA MBEKA 



21 



«ME>KAyHAPOflHAfl AMHMCTMq » 
O nPOBJlEME HEHHM 



Meway H ap°fl Han npaeo3amnTwaH opraHnsauwR 
wMeiKflyHapOAHafl Ammhctwa* (Amnesty International) 
npeAnpuHBna o^epeAnyio nonwTKy npHBnewb BHMMa- 
Hue k npoSneMe MaccoBwx HapymeHWM npaB Henoae- 
tta b Me^HS- 

KpoBonponnTwe b Me^He npoAonwaeTca. ia y npe- 
3«fieHTa flyTMHa HeT MHoro nnaHa fleiiCTBuw no ypery- 
nuposaHMK) KOHtfrnHKTa, KOTopwrt npoAonwaercH D 
MenHe ywe 10 nei\ upowe iok soennbiMH cpeACTBaMn 
8 pe3ynbiaTe nioflM see Sonbiue crpajtjaiOT ot Teppo- 
pn3Ma noflMepKusaeT MewAyHapoAHaa npaao3au|UT- 
Han opraHnaaunH Amnesty International. 

3ra npaB03au(MTHaH opraHH3aiiMR npeAaeT or- 
nacKe cnynaw ySwficTB. Hacunwfl w nwTOK wHTenetf 
MeMMW. KOTopwe coBepwatorca npopocciwcKMMM cn- 
naMH n sBnnioTCfl npoflBneHMflMK CMcreMaTHHecnoro 
snoynoTpeSneHHH snacTbto «nponcxoA«T neCKOHMa- 
eMbie. rpyfibie HapytueHun npaB MenoeeKa b MenHe n 
coceAHeft HHryujeTHM npn 3tom poccMiicKMe enacTM 
3aMieiuaHbi b nbtTKax. noxnineHMHX nioAetf h ratfHwx 
apedax MwpHbix rpa>tytaH» - cooBLnaeT Amnesty 
International n nacTavtBaer Ha cKope^Luew BMewa- 
TenbCTee s CMTyaunio EsponeacKoro CoK>3a 

He raK asbho Amnesty International ony6nnKOBa- 
na AOKnaA o cwTyauMW b ccpepe npaa ^enoBeKa a 
KOTopoM coAepwanacb KpMTMKa Poccmm: aHpoAonwa- 
k)t nocrynaTb cooSineHws o nwreax w nnoxOM o6pa- 
menni* c 3aAep)«caHHbtMii b PoccMtfcKofl <t>eAepamin». 
- roaopunocb b AOicnaAe 

KaKcoo6iAaeT Amnesty International, to, ^to poc- 
cmJicKoe npaaMTenbCTBo nacre nasweaeT «sotiHOrt c 
Teppop«3MOMi» b MeMHe n bo BceM CeBepo-KaBKasc- 
kom perwoHe, «wenonb3yeTCR kbk npeftnor An« coBep- 
LueHns atcroB HacunwR, b tom Mucne HCMesHOBenHw h 
nbiTOK ntoAevt. a ratone apecroB noAevi 6e3 nMetoiuvix- 

CS Ha TO OCHOBaHMii». CaMM pOCCMii- 

CKvie otpnunanbHbte nnua cao6mann. 
mtob npouunoM roAy b perwone ncMea- 
nw 1 700 MenoBe« 3to ywe bpha nn 

H330BeUJb npOCTO MCHe3HOBeHMeM. 

3to - 0atrrn4ecKoe wcTpeSneHwe nio- 
iXev\ cunoii opywwa 

KorAa npesHAenr riyTMH npmuan 
k enacTM, oh ooaujan KCKOpeHHTb no- 
acTaHMecKoe ABwweHwe b Henne h 

BOCCTaHOBHTb HOpua/lbHyiO WM3Hb 

Oh ncnonbayeT BoeHHbie cpeACTea n 
nocTOBHHO OTKasbiaaeTCfl ot npoBe- 
AeHwq neperoBopOB c noscTaHuaMM 
M ceroAHd Me^eHCKan npoQneMa 
oweHb Aanexa ot peiueHun Botina 
npoAon>KaeTCFi - c JKepTBaMn cpeA^ 



npeACTaBMTenefi cwi SesonacHocTH, noBCTaHqes m 
MnpHoro HaceneHMH 

K npMMepy. s AOttnaAe Amnesty International, 
o^HapoAOBaHHOM b stom roay, coo6iAaeTcn. hto «cnnw 
5e3onacHoc™ tpaKTM4ecKM nonb3y»OTCH nonnoii 6es- 
HaKasaHHOCTbio sa coBepiueHHbie anoynoTpeSnenHB 
B to we BpeMB npaB03amMTHHKM n Te, kto nwTaeTcn 
AOfinTbCfl cnpaBeAnnBoc™ b EBponewcKOM CyAe no 
npaaaw vienoBena. noABeprawTCB 3anyrnBaHMflM m 
HanaAeHHBM HecKoribKo Tbicn^ HenoaeK, noKHHyB- 
wux Msmhio. ocTatOTcn b coceAHew HHryoieTnn, rAe 
cuTyaLinfl c coBnioAeHneM npaa nenoseKa Tatcwe yxyA- 
UJnnacb». 

Henbssi sacraBnflTb nioAeM 6ecKOHeMHO cTpa- 
A3Tb ArpeccuBHwe BoeHHbte cpeACtaa ao ceroAHaiu- 
Hero aha T3K n He npuBenn k yenexy, eeAb 6opb6a 
wexuty noBCTaHuaMM n cunaMn 6e3onacnocTn npo- 
AOn^aeTCfl. a j«H3Hb b MenHe ocTaercfl KpaiiHe THwe- 
nofl. Hh oaho npaBKTenbCTBO hs noompneT cenapa- 
tv!3m; ho b to we BpeMfl w y noBCTaHqeB Moryr 6bm> 
eecKne npwMUHbi ana aeAeHMfl 6opb6bi. HywHo HCKaTb 
Town conpuKOCHOBeHun TonbKO cnno^ soopyweHHO- 
ro noAnonbfl ne noSeAHTb. 

BnaAHMnp DyTviH - AeMOKpanmecKH ns6paHHbiM 
npe3HAeHT. Oh AOnwen OTopBaTb ce6R ot poccmmcko- 
ro TOTannTapnoro npoumoro, npoHMKHyrbCft aTMOC- 
$epo« AeMOKpaTMin. k kotopom noAOmna HOBan Poc- 
cun, 3to osHanaeT, mto DyTHH Aonwen SbiTb otkpwt 
Ann AUCKyccnii n cnopoB - n Eapocotos aonwen no6y- 
AMTb era CAenaTb sto flocne Toro Kan Bonwy Hacwnnfl 
s Me^ne yAacTctt npnocTaHOBMTb. no KpaiiHeM iwepe, 
Ha HexoTopoe epeMn. cneAytoiuuM nom^eCKMM LuaroM 
Obino 6bi nyiew o6cy>KAeHHfl Bbtpa6oT3Tb cornauje- 
Hue no 4eHeHCKoti npoBneMe 3to npMHeceT no/ib3y 
ne TonbKO neMeHuaM, ho m Poccmh b uenoM, 







■arw* kwl* Org 




O AABI4AE PYBHH0BI4HE M EFO AHEBHHKE 



nun nEHTKOBCKAFI 




«KaK morihKO noneumcft xomh caMax Marian nadexda. kbk mont>Ko 
3aceemum dnn nac MantocenhKuG ozonex. max cpaay Hadeunemcp 
Kasan-HuSydb spo3a. u ece/wy Koneu» 

Ms dneemiKa JJaeuda PyGunoeuia 



flastu PvShhobhi. eB- 

peflCKitft Ma.ih'iHK in 
no.'itcKoftiepeBHH Kpafi- 
ho. HaBceraa octanes 6u 

OHHOii H3 6e3MMHHHblX 

xepTB Xo.ioicocra, uc^ci- 

nyBimix 6e3 caeaa, ecan 

6u hc nsTh tohkhx 

liiKojtbHux TeTpaaen. ne- 

niicaiiHbix CTapare.it.- 

hum yneHimecKHM nonepKOM. - eroaHCBHin.. ooHapy- 

*cKHhiir eay^aftno nepei nuTnanuaTb aeT nocae rn6e.iH 

/laatraa u raioaofi Kauepe TpeSaiiHKit n i repei aBeHaa- 

UaTbJteT nOCie OKOHH3HHR BTOpOM MHpOBOfl BOHHbJ. TpH 

TeTpajn b pwiKesaTbrx o5ao-*-Kax. aae - 6e3 O&tcmteK, Ha 
oJHort in iid.io/t;eK Haa naimici.K> «Ha3B3Hne npeaM€Ta» 
CTOKT casioaeabubirt nrra.Mn «Pamietnik* (flHCBHino - H 
mijue RUBINOW1CZ DAWID 11 ewe rum. mia\mon 
!iuMe.ib l ie«<RubinowiczD».Haapyron~cJioaoPamieniik 
HanncaHO ot pyKH. Jiepsajj lanncb caeaana 21 Mapra 
1940 roaa. JJaBtuy Gbiao Toraa aeeHaauaTb aeT, Ha 
ooaowKe nocaeaHefi. hhtoh. TeTpaati scho biuch poio- 
BaTwTi otthck caiwoaeabHoft nenaTH *<D.Rubinowicz 
Bodzenryn ul.Kielecka nr lh>. Eoa3eHTbm. k'pailHo. Cy- 
xeaHK>B. Ke.ibue - namamin JTHX MecTHooefi nOBTops- 

tOTCfl B TdCCTe. n»Tb CTpaHH'lCK B KOHliC TCTpajH 

BbipBaiibi. [nx.ie.HisH coxpaHHBtiiaaCH laruicb cie.iana 1 
UB3HH 1942 roaa, Ona oopbiBaeTcs na nepaov c.iobc 
Ma^aToro npeaaovKemist «Kto»... Mepei HCCKO.ibKO Me- 
csueB o6opBeTca it xiniih r "laBiua, 

* • • 

To.ibKo c*iacTaiiBOMy cav^aro ii GepeiKHOMy BHiiMamiio 
.iiojeH, k KOTopwM nonaa aHeeHHK JlaBiiaa Py6nH0Bira, 

Mbl UOfliaHbl TCM. 4TO MOiKCM HO3HaK0MHrbCH C TTIIM 
V HUKilbHMM aOKy NieHTOM. 

B aBrycTe ] 957 roaa b ropoatie BoaieHTbin. hto nenoaa- 
aeicy ot Kenbu, iia TerpaaH cay'iafiHo HaToaKHyaacb 
XeaeHa BoaHbiK. Co Bpe\ien boiIhu ohh ae/Kaan Ha 
Kepaaxe y wecTHoro JKHTejin Ahtohhs BamtHbCKoro 
(ero aoM ctosjI paaOM c jiomom K?13 no Kc.teiiKofi 
y.imie - tuicieamiM npiicTaHHiueM ceMbH Pvohhobh- 



nefl) h CKOpee BCero tsk h npona.ni 6w oej caeaa. He 
nonaaiicb ohh eR Ha I7ia3a. «fl «ce<"da nepei wiom dsop 
k ce6e doMoa om doiepu u ainxoe eoiapautcnach, - 
BcnouiiKaaa rtoijHee XeaeHa Bojihuk. - Caviewbiii 
t>enh ow.i nni.-iJu. icmxnu If iiaiio jtce, eedb into wcmax 
cjyvawtocmb. rvwmaOtiamb ,iem npa.iexca.-tu tmu mem- 
padu matt, it a lepd&tt tfdy dtatou tepes wiom caduK u 
many: Mexam mi dome Kwcue-mo Jtce-trnme mempadu. 
Bbtiieemtuue. H man, ite mdy\tbtmincb, sjtLia tix s pynu. 
C.uompio: ditetMutoK, Kpat'mo. 3(iunmepectma.w ml'hh, 
HpuHecia ux udoMoii u .'osopxi mvjkj; «TJoi'.m(iu. dttee- 
huk noun a, MOXem, nibt jmo vcno.ihjyetubn. Mbt c 
VYMceM c 1954 ?.otia e MectWiOM puduoyxie nepedanu 

■WJlt 

Bo into hs npocmo CSyia&HOcmb, Mae cauoiit tie sepum- 
cn. nrnu mwiHaOttanib.iem npateMcam tmumempaeiouKU 
« coxpuHuocmu tta nepOane y nana Bavuttbacth-r, u 
ttuteso c HtLUU ue ciyvwtoch - om Mhiuteii ite nocmpada- 
vt, om dooicdii tte paiuoKiu. HUKtno Heynompeou.i u.x tta 
Hmo-Huoydb. C.iosho tcrno-mo see ami vpe.wt nodcoma- 
meitbHO neKCH o ttux u xpaittii. Buoito. nan BaitiHbCKuit 
nopadOK HaeoOu.i e mom deHh. a mempattKu >mu >>ai 
odHauy nacmyuiQwcy u, epode 6bi. csaiai e.w: «r.WHb. 
Baien, ?mo maKoii MatbmiK nucai, kok mbi». Inatum, 
noMHiimbMoe..,* 

XeaeHa h ApTeMHym Bo.ihukh hc mibtco coxpaHiaii 
reTpaan. ho HCTaaii nepeaasaTb aHeBmiK b oTpbiBKax no 
MecTHoMy paaito. Mmaa. naHii Xeaeiia nopofi nepea 
MiiKpoQ>oHOM He Moraa caepwaTb ennu. CjiyuiaTcnen 
6uao MHoro. O AasiiaeKe 3aroBopiLiM. «f7ucb.\»a «an 
nucaiu. - paccKJ(M«aei iuihii Xeaena.- Mhinceombuie 
hiiiitutiw noHuvamb. kokvio neHHocmb jmo uueem. Ha- 
nepHUKa. ne steHbtuyto, *te,\t dne«nuKU Ahhn &paitK. fl 
man. kok npocmoii wtmex cyjuy. Ona eedb dovKoit 
doKmopa obvta. k UHmenjiircHituii npuHad.ieMca.ia. fio 
ona ontfoneaia mo, mno a lembipe.x cmettax euoe.ia. A 
jmom peSeHOK eude.i soKpy? ce&st ecm mpaseauio, oh 
neuiKau a Ke.ibite xotha. « semmo. Oh miOei .iiodeu m 
BeittH. U3 CKapxcttcKo. nomopbtx cmpaxrttai. Oh lacyxy 
eude.i. eudei cHeotCHttte cyepoGt*. xodta no rpudbt u 
HambiKaica Ha mpynbt. 






KAPT*- Me 43-44 2005 






4 3HAI BEJlfal 



23 



On mOe.i natty mpaceOuxi. hoc «»r)ea.. H ummavyMt* 
moK xopouio eeo nontL\iae.\i, wmiem Ja«udeKa», 

B Mapre 1959 roaa b EoasettTbiH npnexaaa coSHpan, 
MOTepnaa aaa penopravKa VKypHaancTKa Mapus flpoxoa- 
CKas. nticaBwas o tpai eaiw eBpeea na noa&CKHX 3CM.i*x 
bo BpeviH boAhu, llocjie nySaiiKaumi pcnopTa%-a ona 
no.i\ muM oaHaepoabOT ApTCMnyuia Bo.iHbiha. obiBiue- 
ro ceKpcTaps rpoMaacKoro coBexa b EoaieHTtiHe h p> ko- 
eaairreaji .wecrHoro paaiioyura. c MaiepiiaaaMii o Boa- 
leirrbiHe it nsTbio reipajjiMit c hhcbhhkom Aaauaa 
PyoHHOBii'ia. Boanbifc cnpaBcxniBO noaaraa, hto *\ p- 
Ha.iiicTK>' aiicBiiiiK He movkct we jainiaepecoBaTb. 

Pobho roa cnycTS, b aBrycTe 1960 roaa, •i/Iiu.-bhuk 
HaBiua Py6iiHOBHHa» b 30 Twcsnax 3KieMnaapoB om 6- 
.ihkobjlio BapmaacKoe inaaTeabCTao «KceifiKKa it bci- 
3a». TeKCT conpoaowaaao nocaecaoBHe Mapitit flpo- 
xoBCKofi. rae ona coo6waaa. b "tacTHOCTH, o tom. <\\o k 
TOMJ BpeMCHH yaanoci, cfl pan maTh n /laaiiae H ero 
6.-1II3KHX. rTpi!Boan.incb«jK)TOKonnM o6jio'*ck Terpaaeii h 

OTaiMbtlblX CTpanilU.'IHeBIIHKa. OOUJJipHblfi HCTOpilHCC- 
KHtl KOMMeHTapilti, noarOTOBaCHHUfl HaVMHUM COTpya- 
HIIKOM EBpCHCKOrO HCTOpH'lCCKOtO HHCTHTVTa 8 Bapilia- 

Be AjauoM PyaKoncKHM.coaepvKaaeBeaeHHRono;tHTH- 

KC QKK>naHTOa B iVTHOUICHHH CBpeeB 11 aa-lbHCfilHHX 

cyaboax eBpeftcKoro naceaeHHH BoaieHTbina. BcrynH- 
Te.ibHoe caoBo iiaiiHCaa inBeciHbifl noabCMifl nncate.ib 
Jipocaaa HBamKCBHH. Toraa *e otpubkh B3 aHeBHHKa 
nciara-iticb b airrepaTypHOM %ypHaae «TeypHocTb». 
raaaHbiM peaainopoM Koroporo on ouji. 

k'oraa it ihm vkc 1960. roay aBoe paatiovKypHaaHCToa. 
L*m flmmKitfi ii EpoHHcaaB BepmiK. no6biBa.ni a Kpaft- 
ho, BoaieHTbiHe.CyxcjHiOBe- MCCTHoCTaxToraauiHeto 
Ke.neuKoro aoeaoacTBa, > noMHuaeMux b jiucbhhkc. ohh 
eme Moron BCTpeTiiTbOHeaiiaueBnpOHCxo.niBuiHx iaecb 
co6umH. painiaapiiBaTh c.iKi.ibMit. maBUiKMH ^amiae- 
Ka h ero ceMbio. Hx paccxa3U. b KOTopux, hto aeiKO 
noHBTb. tipaaaa nopofl aono.imi.iacb » npmKpauiiiBa- 
aacb, cofipatiw b HeSojibiiton khhikkc «Reszia nie jest 
mitezetlieras f oOirraabHoe - ne MoaiaHiie»), otpubkh 113 

KOTOpoil Mbl npilBOailM B HaCTOJHUeM TeKCTe KVpCHBOM. 



)Ky pHa.i itcTbi pa 3 w c Ka.i 1 1 yn n e. i b m h m ," la b n ,i c k a O.i o- 
peHTiim Kporyaeu. oaHoiciaccKiiKa Taaeyiua Mhiiuko- 
ro, cuaeBiuero c hum 3a oaHofi napTOfl, pOBecHimy Xe- 
,ich\ Ul.iKKpiiKOBj. *HBUiyio no-coceacKH. oeceaoB&iH 
c Xeaeiiott Bo.ihwk, Kauieauieft aneatuiK (nan BanttHbC- 
Kiiti oTKaia-ics pa i roaa pii Batb c hum h), aepvKa.ni b p> Kax 
uiKoabiiun vKypna.1, b kotopom 21 room) 1939 roaa 
cae.iaHa lamtch o nepeBone ,'lasnaa PyoitHoaiiMa b ceab- 
moR taacc... 

TaK no KpoxaM eoccoiaaBaaacb Kapuma vkiuhii aBTopa 
aHeBiiiiKa h ero poanwx 

* • • 

AaBiia Pxohhobhi poanaca. KaK cieayer in 'janncti b 
uJKoabHOM >KypHa.ie. 27 moan 1927 roaa s ropoae Keab- 
iic, OTua 3Ba.ii! [Iocck (Hocmp). Mark - Tayoa. Hen3Be- 
ctho, Kor^a ero pojirreaH nepe6paancb b KpanHO, 
Soabiuyto aepeanio. pacnoaovKeHHyio HenoaaieKy ot 
Boau'HtbiHa /Kuan r DefoausoM sepeMHiKw tottc 
Otch aepwaa Ma,ieHbhyio MoaoHHyio. b noMemeHHii. 
npncTpoeHHOM k jomj . naxoanaacb ueKTpnipyra. TaM vkc 
xpaHH.ui MoaoKO ti MoaoHHbte npoa>k"Tbi. MaTb scaa 
XO3RHCTB0, aoM coaepvKa.ia b ooabtnofl Hiicroie, b ao- 
Maujnenanie'iKe iiMeancbiiaroTOBe npocTefluiHeMeait- 
KavieHTbt. ii oaHOceabnaHe Macro oopaiuaaiicb k hch 3a 
noMoim.io. B aepeaHe 6m.io Bcero ceMb eepeflcicHX ce- 
Mefl. na aceft >Ke KcieuKOfi leMJie. KOTopas bo BpeMa 
BORHbi Bxoait-ia a coctsb PaaoMCKoro okpj ra. npovKHBa- 
aoB 1941 roay 33 TbicsHtt eepeeB. 

B nepBbifi iciacc Jj>anacK noiuea b ceirrj(6pe 1 934 roaa. 
H^coxpaniiBniiixcH uiKoabKbixaoKyweHTOB \tu yiHaeM, 
hto vhilicb oh xopouio. Ha CBHaeteabcTBe o nepexoae a 
ceahMon K.iacc. m.rtannoM 21 inoim 1939 roaa. 3a aaa 
veeiiua h aecATb aHefi ao Haiaaa BoftHbi. no bccm 
upeaMeraM y Hero «xopotuoi> h «ot:iiwho». toabko no 
ncHino «yaoBaerBopitTeabHO». Ho a ceabMOM Kaacce 

VHHTbCJI CMV V/KC He aoBcaocb... 

cpaopeHTiiKa Kpor>aeiLy^irr<yibHiiua6iioaornii!i xaacc- 
Mbiri py KoaoaiiTeab. noMHitaa poaiiTCjien JlaBH.ieKa. Orcu 
-6aoHaiiH. xyaofl. bucokhh c aocraroHHO itpaBiLibHbi- 




XeneHB u ApmBuuyuj Borwuxu vumatom ompbiexu 
dneenuKa no Mecmnouy paduo 



Sodas wrobw. dou Na13no KenettKOii ynune 



***-* » ana org 



24 



4 3HAK EEW 



mh HepTaviii jiHua. MaTb - HHTepecHas ananas 6piOHeT- 
Ka. oHa, no cjioBaw nami (DaopeHTttHU, owaa o6pa3uo- 
Bofl waTepbio. HaBita 6bta crapuiHM b ceMbe, ero ccct- 
pnvk*a (ee mil - MaHS - ctoht «a o6ao*;Ke o.ihoii H3 
Terpaaeii) etue we xoattaa b uikojtv. c..v mwt Obi.taxopo- 
uium BHeutHocmb, kok mo?da o moKux eetifax zmapu- 
tocb... MaaudeK 6t4ji xydoufaattu, mcOKUU, raiyObiezia- 
3a. HocitK npasiubHou tpopMbt, maKcat npuxmnan ho- 
pyXMOcmb, u4eHb.wu.raj>. C hum »e 6buo6bt npo6.ie.\i... ». 

B 193° roaa b Kpaiino npnuLio pacnopr*eHne HeMeu- 
khx anacTcit. lanpewaBwee ooyHenne scex aeTefi cTap- 
iue 14 jier it eBpeflcKHX jerefi aioooro B03pacTa. «// 
moroa, - npoaoawaer caofl paccKas ytHTe.ihHuua, - 
npmniu ohu e uiKo.iy nocieduuii pas, a .sine ho cawuw 
dene mpydno 6bi.io cKa^amb uw, imo ohu HtMOsytnyxe 
nojhiue xodumb a utKo.iy ... // nomo.M. Korda yx-e 
coooutiaa. nputiaa ko .uue ero itantb u nonpociaa kqk- 
mioyiib noMotb. Hosoeopuiucb, nrnon oydydasamb v.mv 
saOauuH, a oua ftydem nptmocwnh mempadu ita npoeep- 
Ky. Tuk Hmo cHitiuhuu BBS 9C6MU yueoHUKOMti u iepe3 
\tamti depjtcaiu csstjb, imo6 nocmopoHuuu ue doma icn. 
into on yiumcx .... ti Me donee. Tan tmayneoa u saio 
Xopouto eeo homhio. Ombtacaia cmapbtu aiboo.yt, 
nauaa (pommpafpufo c npocy.mu [no oKpecmuocniH-MJ. 
dame noctaia « raiemy. Ho chumok moxou. HepeiKuu. 
rlienibiiL Ecmb on mav roe-mo cpedu imux demeii .-1 h 
ero stiMcy anmenutmo ... .Ja. e.^> nambeoeopmaMHa, 
Hmo oh duenuuK nuuwm. Ja.vce o6et^aia KOK-mi6ydt 
npunevmu. nmori » noCMompeaa, nonpaetaa. Ho max 
ciojctnocb, tmoyace neyenejia. 

Oh eepno see onucbiaaj. imo eudei. Ceunac, Koeda 
Humammo. unto mimical, maty, imo iiuvero ue npeyae- 
iuhu.7. Bbi.iu aeuiu u noxyM-e, Komopbtexeudcta He mot 
oh acero tiumicamb - dw.1 aedb peoenKau. a nomoM yjtce 
Heyaust 

XejieHa IllnotjuihoBa ou.ia poaecHMuert ZlaEiLia. OHa 
BcnovtiiHaeT> hto no Boflnbi ohu nacTo BMecxe nrpajiit- 
b npsTKii. caJiOMKit. OHa vo.nna a tv *e lUKO.ty h mum 
pnaoM. Hepe3 aow. H bo spcMH BOHHbt Xe.ieHa saxonina 
k PySiiHOBimaM. Q»b paccKaibiBaeT, mto H3Cto lacTaaa- 
.laero nituj) luhm. KKaK'tnopma nodowxQKcmasy, am 
zoeapum: "()ema«b, ue mporaii. m mym Koe-tmo nuiuy" '*,.. 
flocieaHiifi pai Xe.neHa Biuc.ia JlaBHja, Koraa oh c 
otuom npiitucji in BojieHTUHa, npnneoii hto-to m 
Bfuicii Ha npoaaiKy. 

HsBccTHbie HaM Terpaiiii. BepoHTHO, ue ow.'ih cihhctbch- 
HbJMit. Taaeytu ShhukhU ciuct c J^asiiaoM b ujKo.ie ia 
OJHOfi iiaprofi. Oh pacckajbiaaoT. hto ^aBH3 jo bohhm 
cuie noKasbiBaa ewy csoti aneBHUK, laniicit 8 hcm ou.ui, 
no ero ciOBaM. aKKypaTHwe. c .laTaMti, a ecnn b ujKo.ie 
ciytnoct. KaKoe-Hn6yjb npoHCiuecTBiie tun coobinie - 
to h c pHCYHKaMH. "0<tenh iiitmepeciibte obau jinn eeo 
OHeeHUKti e dtwoeHHbix ape.\WH. Foeopta. imo oh ux npu 
cene depxum, a ntmo.v y,we ue mtso, imo c hilhu 
cmaioir. 



B I960 roay aBTopavi KHurn «OcTa_ibHoe - He M0.rita- 
Htte» yjiajiocb OTwcKaTb b TejJb-ABHBe ciea ian,neif 
poacTBeHHiiubi .laBii.ieka - Pyx-in Hhc^obckoB. OHa 
6w.ia jonepbio Ahhcjui Hitc.ioBCKoro, iims KOToporo 
Heck'O.ibKopaivnoMHHaeTca /taBiuou. ii iKiuiacpoan- 
Tejtaun b Boj3eHTWHe. Ha y.i. Ke.ieiiKofi.13. rae 6w.io 
noc.ieaHee npucTanitwe ceMbit PySitHOBHHefl. Bot to 
HeMHoroe. hto yaajiocb hm ot Hee yiHatb m KOpoiKoro 
Te,ne4»OHHoro pairoeopa. 

BTOTJCHb. Kona hcmum rHa.TiieBpeeBHi GoaieHTbiHa 
b C>"KeiiHK)B, a obi.io no b CvaHbifi aenb. 4^Hb Bcenpo- 
meHiiii (f'foM Knnyp) - Ba*Hefiit)Mi"i npaMHiiK (lyaettcKo- 
ro KaneHaaps. - Pyx.ia yoesKajia m ropoaa. Oua npeaaa- 
ra.ia PySHHOBMKaM 6e»:aTb BMecTe c Hcfl. y hmx 6bia. no 
ee cjioBaM. HeceviHTCKitft bhj, ocoochho y JlaBiueKa. ho 
otch HasitaeKa roBoptLi. hto ot cyabou hc ynaeuib. 
P>vm oe*a.na. 6btaa riofi\iana *aHaapMaMii. tipoiujia 
nepea aareps. ocraaacb b jkhbux. PoaHUx ona tsk h 
lanoMMitaa mo.isuimmhcs b tot aeHb o tom. htoou Bor 
npocTiia mm ace nperpeiueHHH... 

MesKay 15 h 21 ceHTsops 1942 roaa bccx enpeeB in 
EoaieHTUHa KeMuu comam k Aeae3HoaopoKHOH CTaH- 
uhh a CyxeiiHKJBe. OTcroaa cociaB JVbf 87 c nsTbio tucsi- 
HaviH CBpees in 3Tofi mccthocth h HecKo.ibKiix coceaHirx 
cejiemifl 2 1 ceHTsopji 6bu oTnpaBaen b TpeOmmity, k\ ;ui 
itptiobta - K8K caeayeT in HeMeuKoro pacnucanus aBit- 
xemiH «cneuna.ibnbjx noe3aoB aas nepeceaenueB H3 
PaaoMCKoro 0Kpyra» - 22 ceirniopa 1942 roaa 8 1 1 
nac.24 miih. Kopotkhm ow.i n\Tb ot pa\inw k raioaofi 
saMepe, (paOpHKa CMepTti paooTaia oecnepeoofiHo. flaTy 
rnoeait /JaaHaa mojkho yCTaHOBHTb c ToHHOcTbio ao 
oaHoroaHs: 22 ilfih 23 ceMTHopd 1942 roaa. 

* • • 

npocacaiTM )Kii3Kb '<;t,neBmiKa JXaanaa PySttHOBitHa^ 
nocae ero Bbixoaa b cbct b 1 960 roay { BTopoe noabcnoe 
loaaHite no«Biitcs b 1 987 roay) no Kaiaion sapujaBC- 
Kofi Huunoiia.-ibiiL)ii oiiu.i hoick ii B tom ike. I960, roay 
«KceH>«Ka h Bea3a*> sunycKaer «JlHeBHHK» b nepesoae 
tia n.umj, a eBpeficKati ra^era «OoabKc-LUTbiMe». bwxo- 
jtiBUias b rioabiue. HanttHaeT nenaraTb ero b orpbiBKax- 
HeMeneHHo. b 1960 roay. «,IlHeBHHK» nepeBoasT n 
inaaioT ao <i>paHK(J)ypTe-Ha-Mafine. AwcTepjaMC. Ctok- 
roatMe. Konenrarene. Ocao. XeibCHHKit, napii*-e. Bpa- 
THCiaae. B 1961 roay aneBHHK auxoaHT b Bepanne it 
Tokho. a no-BeHrepcKii ero inaaHH bmcctc c khh*koh 
ifiiiiiiKoro h BepHiiKa «OcTa.ihHoe - He Mo.maHite». B 
1962 roay wJIhcbhhk AasHaa Py6iiHOBima» ncpeH3aa- 
eicH Ha BemepcKOM. Ha 3TOT pa3 b oaHofi KK)ire-c aHeB- 
hhkom Ahku (DpatiK. b tom )Ke roay OH BUXoaiTT H3 
HcnancKOM b MeKciiKe. B 1963 roay «JJ,neBHiiK» inaaioT 
«a pyMbiHCKOM. b 1964 - >ta impure, b 1 °8 1 - Ha aHraiiH- 
ckom, npasaa. » nepeBOje c HevieuKoro. a 1 9S5 erocHoaa 
inaaKJT a EepaHite. B 1980 roay HeMeuKHe KitHoaoKy- 
MenTaancTU Ba.ibtep tleTpii h Konpaa Baftc ae,iaioT 
(jjitabM o cyaboc /lasiiaa h ero aneBniiKe. Kaapu m 
3Toro KHHoiJuubMa cjiywaT itn.iiocrpauiinMH k eme aB\M 



KAPTA" U 43-44 I0QS 



4 3HAK BEAM 



25 



h u.ihhru «HneBMiiKa» Ha hcmciikom fliwKe. BbiujeauiHM 
h | l »X8 h 1 996 roaax. 

PyCCKOJOblMUblft IKISTWlfc MOT nQHepniATb CBeJCHUS o 

JIaBii.K PyGnHOBtwe tt ero aHeBHHKe m nepeBeaeimoii 
c amviHfieKoro sibixa KHiint flKooa Boaca«Mbi- CBiiae- 
tc.ih». Ec aBTop, po.tiimutiitlCM b 1943 roay b KOHuaarepe 
ii nvnoM looeacaBiujiH cwepTH B.wecte c apyniMH roaaan- 
ttCKMMH eapesMH b raioswx Kavtepax OcBCHUHMa, npn- 

BlUHT B CBOeft KHHre CBH.1CTC.1 hCTBa nsTH eBpeflcKHX 
OOapOCTKOB - *CpTB XoaOKOCTa H3 Do.lbtllH. JlltTBW. 

Benrpim. Be.ii.rnn n foaaaHanii. OraphiBaeT woicGop- 
hhk r.iaea. nocBsmcHnan .ihcbhhkv .UaBiua Py6uH0Bim 
c HfCKCibKHMH orpuBKaMH hi nero, a 3a\1btKaK>T - 33- 
ithckii Ahhm 4>paHK, Mockobckoc imaTeahCTBoO.r.H. 
BbinycTiuo b 2002 roay noBecTb aaTctcoro nucarejiH 
Crura JJaaarapa «Knnra flaBiua». ctoaccT KOTOpofl b 
HCKOTtipbix aeTaait x ocHOBan Ha ntiCBHiiKe JJaBHaa Pyon- 

HOBIHa, 

TpyaHo6u.iocMHpnTbCHCTeM,HT05ToroHCKiiK»Hirre.ib- 
hoio no CBoeviy iHaneHHio cBiueieabCTBa o BpeMenax 
XoaoKOcra, BKatoneHHOro bo mhoihx crpaiiax b npo- 
rpaMMV aeTCKoro htchhji. hct Ha pyccKOM mutte, 

HacTOJtmiitt nepeBiu cjeaan no iiHimnaniBC n npii yna- 
CTiiH y>iirre,iH itcropitH oaHoft in mockobckhx iuko.i 

ElCHM JlbBOBHhl I'aOpioaoBOfi, KOTOpaJt UIHpOKO HC- 

noab^ycT «/lneaHHK ,'laBiua PyonHoaHHaw b pa6oie co 
iuko.i b m tKaMH. PocciificKiifi xypHan «k"apTa» npeaao- 
vkili cboii cTpanniibi xi s nepBofi nyfi/lHKauitu «/1mcbiih- 
KaJ^aBiua P\onHOBH'ia» b Pocciw. UeHiioti ROMOtQUO 
npii noat otobkc i exc ra k nenaTii cntiH savieHamifl fOaim 
BopiicoBHu Cepeaa, 

• * » 

O fliuKc «JlneBHHKa» caeaycT CKaiau. oco6o. B hcm 
orpamnocb ace: KoaopHT npoBHHUna.ii.nofi penn ceab- 
ckh\ iKHTCJieR KeaeiiKofi ieuaii c ee crtcmicJiHMeckiiM 
CHHTaKCHcouH.ieKcitKon. aaiiflHiie caosapH iiiKoabHwx 
khht aa n 'ire huh, MHpooiuyuKHHe nao.TioaareabHoro h 
BnenaiaHTcibHoro noapocTKa. antiHb KOToporo Bbtoirra 
in npHBU'iiton Koaeti. riepBuc Tanticn no-aercKH aauo- 
Hii'im.! ii 0'ieiii. MenocpeacTBeHHw. HaaitaeK onjtCbiBaer 
to, HTOBiiairr h HyecTBveT: noroay. noBceaweBHbie jans- 
thh. 3BH*euise HeMeuKiix boRck no aepeBCHCKofl yauue, 
odhicKH. BoaHveTCs, HxoGyaeT. koi :ia KOHHaTcs aoBocH- 
iibie lanacw iipoaoBoabCTBHH. nepe*HBaer. yiHas. hto b 
Keabuax co3aaK)T "eBpeftcKiiH pafio>i». caoso «reTT0» 
oh He ynoTpeoaaei. xotji b ero penw BCTpenatoTca caosa 
neti6bi4Hbie nan .ickchkh ceabCKoro noapocTKa, 

No Mcpe HapacTaHtin yrposu ero jan«cn craHOBJiTcst Bee 
6oaee uoiibmhbwmu. 3io y*e Bee name He onncamte 
>BnaeHHoro. a nepecicai ycaumaHHoro ot B3pocabix, 
coaepiKaHHH nitcew orua c npuHyaHiejibHyx pa6oT. 
rioapocTOK He b coctobhhh coa.ia.iaTb c hbthckom 3THX 
CTpauiHbtx KaprnH h Bectefl. 

B noabCKitx ii-uauimx .lHCBtuiKa coxpaneHa bcb cneun- 
$HK*a cthjih, nyHKTyauiis x op(J)orpa4niH opiirnHa.ia 
(iavieTiiM. hto flaBtiaeK nOHTH ne aeaai op(|jorpa^HHec- 



KHX OIUHOOK. atlUlb HpOttymeHHUX 6VKB CTaHOBHTCH CO 

BpewcHCM Bee 6oabiiie). BiiiiTbiBasCb b no-itcKnfi tckct. 
mw snaevi - i (Mci mi i TaK mica.1 JJaoiu PytjHHOBici. Oto 

OH. JCpeBCHCKHH HapHHlUKa. IlblTaeTCg Bblpa SUIT, CJIOBa- 

mh to. hto fie noa cuay n B3pooiOHy. Y HKrareas noa- 
jiiiHHHKa ecTb ouiyiiKHiie lie nocpeacTBeH hoio npiiKoc- 
HOBem™ k tckct\' bo Beef) ero cavioobiTHocTH. npBhtoro 
o6meHi«i c asTopOM, nero. k covKaaennKv . nitueit tot , kto 
imeeT aeao c nepeaoaoM. 

B npenaracMOfi rryoatiKauHii aeaaeTCS nonwTKa CKoab 
bo nio/KHO tohho nepeaaTb ayx ii CTHvib opurHHaaa npii 
co6aioaeHHH ipaMMarnHCCKHx <J>opM pyccKoro B3UK&. 

Bn6nMorpao>MS 

Pamiotnik Dawida Rubmowicza Stowowstepne Jarostaw 
iwaszkiewicz. komentarze w lekscie opracowaf Adam 
Rutkowski, postowie Maria Jarochowska. Wyd. «Ksigzka 
i Wiedza». Warszawa I960, s T22. 

Jerzy Janicki. Bronistaw Wiernik Reszta nie jest 
milczeniem. Wyd «Czyleinik». Warszawa 1960. s 75 

Ako6 Boac wMbi - csmieTenM. flneBHHKM njrra noapocT- 
kob- wepTB XonotcocTa» npeancnoBMe naTpnu«H MaK- 
KnccaK. Depesoa c aHrrtUHCKoro TarbftHbi HBaneHKO 
Hafl. «OnrviMa», KneB2001. 

*/JweewuKe Jlaeuda Py6uHoeuva» cm. mBKxe wa cau- 
me www.bistoriazydow.edu.pl 



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06/ioxxa nspeoao U908MIM 
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1 940 rofl 

21 Mapma: Pshhmm /rpoM wen 9 no Hawetf 
aepeBHe Haflann yBMflan Ha crene MarasHHa xaxoe- 
to o6bflB^eH^ie, nowen SbicrpeH npomrraTb. B hobom 
oe-bSBneHMM roeopwiocb. mto eepeaM Henbsa Tenepb 
eaflHTb Ha renerax (noeaaaMM A3BH0 ywe sanpeTvmti}. 

4 anpenti: CeroAHn scran nopanbiue. Haao 6btno 
math b KejibUB riooie aaBTpaxa Bwiuen us AOMy 
Heseceno Bbino MHe oflHOMy hath noneBbiMW Aopora- 
mh nocne 4-x mbcob nym 6t>tn b Kenbuax Korna 
npntuen KAflAe. TOyBMAen, mto Bee chaht paccrpoeH- 
Hwe, h ysnan, mto espeee BbtcenntoT c pa3Ht>ix ynnu, 
14 h Tome paccTpOMHCH. BenepOM ewaien us AOMy no 
AenaM. 

5 anpenn: Bcro nonb He Mor cnaTb, xaKne~TO 
nenoHHTHbje Mbicjw ne3nw b ronosy. Hocne 3aBTpaxa 
nowen aomom. 

12 anpenn: nana nosBonwn MHe ynnTbca e3AMTb 
Ha aenocHnefle Tax mto a noiuen x OAHOiwy napnio. y 
KOioporo edb BenocnneA hto6 mbha HayHMn, m oh 
comacjuKfl. 

20 anpenn: CeroAH* onatb xaTanca Ha Benocu- 
n&Pfi yxce yMeto caM caAMTbCH na BenocwneA Oh 
Soribiue y?xe ne xomct Menfl ynnTb. 

14 Man: BTopyio neAenio see AO>KAb h Aowflb. 
flawe nenero 3anncaTb b moom AneBHtixe 

28 Man: CeroAHB nepBWM pa3 b «w3hh nowen c 
SpaTOM b nee 3a rpn6aMH. xoTb Aoporn He snann 
(loLunn iuibi nepBbiM pas no rpngu, w ace >k Ham/in 
Aecsrxa nonTopa TpyrosuKOB, a rpw6oB Bosce HeT 
ewe 

9 utoHtt: CeroAHft 6bimt y^eHUH HeweLiKOro bom- 
caa Bee bomcko no nonsM pasSewanocb, paccraBwriH 
nyneweTN h CTpenanM Apyr b APyra, 

18 utoHtt: nonni4Mfl ycrpowna y Hac o6wck, tta- 
Kne-To BoeHHwe Bew,M wcxanu nojimieftcKMecnpaww- 
aann MeHfl. rAe 3tw Beiyn. a s mm TBepAHn, hto HeT h 
ace Tyr. Tax hto ywnw hm c hbm 

30 u>ohh: CnaSocTb Kaxyro-To MyBcrsyK?, n nnxo- 
paAMT, MaMa senena hatm b KpoaaTb, a q He xoie/i, ho 
noTOM ner. Tpunn y mbhr H ecTb Heoxora, noen 
TonbKo HeMHOro xcmakoA KamM 

7 uionn: HeAenio yxce eoneio, ceroAns ^yrb nyn- 
we crajio. Ce/i y okhb m rnsAen Ha seneHwe nons. 
ripwHTHo MHe 6bino cMOTpeib. BeAb Lienyio HeAenio 
Aa>xe He BwrnsAbisan b oxohjko 

11 urn/in: H y«e aaopOB Bwujen HapyjKy. conHLie 
CBeTM/io. \a 6bino wapxo Becb A^Hb 6bi/i Ha ABope. 
floMa He cHAenocb. 

16 utojift: C xa)KflbiM a h om MHe ace aece/iei^ 
nocne aroti 6one3HM. M HWHeoiHtie a hm CTanoBflTCfl 
Bee eecenefl m conHe^Heii. 

5 aeayema: BMepa k cenbCKOMy crapocTe npvi- 
exan cTopo« «3 rMHHbi 1 CKa3aTb. 4T06 Bee espen c 
cewbHMH ujnM CTaHOBMTbcs hs yneT. B 7 yrpa Mbt y*<e 



TyAa flBunncb npoOwriHTaM Hec«onbKO hbcob. noTo- 
MyMTOB3pocnbiee8penBbi6npanwCoBeTCTapeMiiinH. 
noTOM noiunn aomoA. 

12 aeayema: Bcto BoiiHy a ywycb Aowa caM. 
Ctomt MHe BcnoMHMTb, Kax xoAnn e wKO/iy. to cpaay 
nnaxaTb xoneTCfl. A ce^nac hbao AOMa CHAeTb n 
HMxyAa He BbixoAMTb. A KorAa noAyMaw, Kaxwe bomhw 
B MHpe MAyT, cxoribKO nroAeii bcakum Aenb rw6Her ot 
nynb, ot ra30B. ot 6omS, ot ankiAewufi m ot Apyrwx 
Bparos. to BOBce HHMero He oxoTa. 

fS aeayema: EBpeticKHft KpacHbiw KpecT nepe- 

B63 H3 BOA3eHTblHa HeCKOHbKO 6onbHbtX (BOT OHM-TO 

5oribHbJ 3apa3HbiMH 6one3HflMn) a Kenbqe e 6onbHn- 

uy 

1 cewnndpn: CeroAHH nepBaa roAOsmnHa Kan 
BOMHa na^anacb BcnoMMHaio, mto mw ywe nepewmiM 
3a 3 to KopoTKoe Bpews CKoribKocTpaAannti ywenepe- 
jKwnn. /4° soMHbi y xawAoro 6bino ceoe 3aHHTne, nonTu 
hukto He 6bm 6e3pa6oTHb)M A npn HbiHeujHux soii- 
Hax. Tax aha 90% - 6e3pa60Tima. Tonbxo y 10% ecTb 
saHflTMe^ BaflTb xoTb 6bi Hac, y Hac Qbina MonoMHas?, 
a Tenepb mw coeceM 5e3pa6oTHwe Toribxo eme ne- 
MHoro sanacoB ocTanocb c AOBoeHHbix BpeweH H3 
hhx noneMHory m 6epeM, a BeAb xoH^aTCfl, m Hen3Be- 
ctho, mto 6yAeM AB^arb. 

13 dexadpa: CTapocTa cxa3an. htoSw mw us 
AOMa BwcenflriHCb, ByAyT a HeM Tenepb AepixaTb 
xapTOiLixy, KOTopyx)xpecTbHHecAaBaTbo6fi3aHbi. Ene- 
ene nana ynpocnn CTapocTy, mtoSw jiioaw C803«nn 
xapTouJKy TyAa, tab paHbiue 6bina MOnoMHafl. 

14 denadpft: CeroflHfl Hana/iM CBoawTb xapToiu- 
xy. CeroflHH npidB63nM oxono 20 14. 

16 dexadpti: Hbinne xpecTbSHe qeribiM Aenb cbo- 
3v\m xapToiuKy, 

28 dena6p ft: 3nMa TonbKO-Tonbxo HaManacb. a 
MeTe/ib MeTeT yme Hecxonbxo weti. Hapyxcy m hb 
BbJCyHeiiibCR. Tax MOp03 mwneT nnqo n pyxn. 

1941 rofl 

21 Mapma: B APyroe BpeMq 06 ary nopy ywe 
Ha4MHajiwcbnoneBbie pa6oTbt AceroAHR 3HMaraKafl 
cnoeHO HHBapb, a He wapT Boribiuvte Moposti v\ 
MeTenn. 

24 Mapma: CeroAHfl HeMHoro nOTenneiS, npoxo- 
Akjim HeMeuxne aowcxa Bonbaie Bcero Swjio xaBane- 
pun. J1 CTOflJi y oxHa \a cMOTpen na npoxoAWBiune 
aoiicxa B ronoae y mchh saxpyiKwiocb ot exaBiunx 
06 03 ob n KaaanepHH. tuna Taxxe TRxenan apTMnne- 
pMA Mne 6bino nHTepecno cMOTpeTt Ha npoxoAHB- 
ujee bomcko. noTOMy hto oxono Hac peAxo xorAa 
npoxOART BOiiCKa. 

1 anpentt: Oxono 1 0-tm npoxoAwn oamh eBpeti m 
Kenbu vi cxaaan. kto c ceroAHnumero ah« 5yAeT b 
Kenbuax eepewcKmi paiioH. Tax Menn pacCTponna ara 



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HenpusiTHaH BecTb, mto uenwM aeHb 6wn caM He cbow 
B tot we caMwM fleHb Te eBpew, y kotopwx ecTb ksksr- 
to poflHA 3a paMOHOM, M3 Keribu yexana n noexanM k 
caoew poflHe. Y Hac noHTM bcr poahr b Kenbqax, mto 
we renepb c hmmm SyAer A ym AoporoBM3Ha cpa3y 
6y,qeT t3K3r. xax b ApyrMx ropoAax. r^e ecTb Taxiie 
patfOHw. flRfln npMiuen ceroAHR ms Kenbu,coBeToaaTh- 
Cfl, mto flenaTb. nana eMy cxa3an nycnv k hsm noKa 
eaer w hto mn flenaTb 6yfleM. to k oh. TaK hto oh 
nowen croBopnTbcs HacneT noABOAw na sasrpa 

2 an pen ft: PaHHMM yTpOM aha* noexan e Kertbqe 
3a BeiAaMM. L(enwM Aenb exa/in m exanw noABOAw c 
BemaMM JIjoam. KOTopwe c stmmm eemaMw eayT, 3a- 
nnaKaHHbie n Ha Bee noiepHBiune oxoTy flnfln aoh- 
weH 6wn npMexaTb OKono 3-x Benep Hacran, a ero na 
Keribu Bee neT. Mw ne snanM, hto h AyMaTb. hto TaM 
Homo cnyHvm»cfl. Becb eenep mx x<Aann. To/ibKO b 2 
naca homh ohm npnexann. 

3 anpentt: CeroAHfl on«Tb npoexano MHoro noA- 
BOA c BeiuaMU BenepOM kotas mw cuAenn n roBOpn- 
nM CAHflew. npwexan eme OAMHflH#n. 3 noAywan r#e 
»ce Bee ohm y nac nowecTflTcn 

4 anpenti: Tot a*A". hto Bnepa npnexan, ceroA- 
hp noexan b BeHMxyB, noToiwiy hto oh nopTHOM m TaM 
paSoTan. 

5 anpenti: Mw y3Hann. hto AHS" no npneaAe b 
BeHHKyB nepeAyiwan n noexan oQpaTHO s eBpewcxukt 
paviOH. Bwno y nac ns-sa 3roro oneHb MHoro nepewK- 
BanUM, noTOMy hto mw 6wnn yBepenw, hto TaM eMy 



Henero 6yAeT ecTb noxa pa6oTan, He ronoAan. A 
renepb CTonbKo ntoAefi, t3kmx. Kan oh CpoK ah*" 
nepeesfla own TO/ibKO c 1-ro anpena ao nonyAHR 
HbiHeujHero aha. 

23 anpe/ift: K HaM npuxoA^n oamh napeHb. koto- 
pwii Bbnuen H3 eBpevtcKoro pawoHa. Tobopmt, hto 2 kt 
pwaHoro xne6a ctobt 1 1 3/1. «r KapTotUKM ctomt 1 .5 3/1 
m T.A. 3 noAyMan. cxonbKo me moneti noMMpaeT c 
ronoAy. cKonbKo ecT ohmctkm h APyrwe eemn. ot koto- 
pbix 60fiet0T pasHbtMM 6one3HSMn Ot TaKOM eAbt 
npoMCXOflflT pa3Hbie 5one3Hn. n cothm rwneu ot hux 
noMMpanr 

14 wax: CeroAHfl ywe cepeA/na Man a BeceHHtie 
paSoTbi m He HaMMHanwcb. C KaxtAWM AneM Bee AOpo- 
waeT. ToribKo-ToribKo x/ie6 ctohti 5 sji, a ywe ctomt 1 
sn, Tax see AopoKaer, hto 3a AeHbra HMnero Herib3fl 
pa3Ao6b)Tb 3to 6yAeT et^e oahb BOWHa. 

25 Man: ywe neAento icbk ciano Tenno PaSoTbi e 
none ywe kohh3K3tcb Tonbtto npoAyKTbi ywacHO aopo* 
rue. Cothm DtQAeM yMHpawT c ronoAy, a TbicnnaM 
nenero c yrpa nono»nTb a pot. Dohtm KaiKAbiM Aenb 
npuxoAflT nwcbMa. HToBbi to OAHOMy nocnaTb npOAyx- 
tob. TOApyoMy, a aeA*> mw m ce6e He MOweM KynHTb 
XOTb neMHoro npoAyKTOB. 

12 uiohh: CerojHR npnexana waHAapMepufi- k 
OAHOMy 6oraTOMy xosflMHy c o6wckom. noTOMy hto 
kto-to Ha Hero aohsc 3a6panw y 3Toro xo3nnHa 2 u, 
niiieHHuw. 1 V 2 14 p»oi, 5 u KapTcupena a 2 \\ oeca. m Bee 
sto oh AonweH 6bin 0TBe3Tn b BenMHbt Ero nocaA^nn 
b TiopbMy. noTOMy hto 3epHO AOporo npoAaBan. 

13 utQHR. CeroAHfl onfrrb npne3)«ana waHAapMe- 
pwR AenaTb oowck y 6orarbtx KpecTbflH. 

UutoHft: nocneo6eAa. char 3a CTonow. yBHAan, 
hto SpMHKa c xcaHAapMaMH k HaM noAtexana. v\ ohh 
BOiunM, cpasy CTanw AenaTb o6bicn. a xorAa oSujapM- 
niiBce ymw, to cxaaann. hto6 OTeu npniuen k hum 16. 
Mw noHRTHA He nMenn. hto ohm MCKariM 

16 uk>hh: C yrpa nana noiuen b JKaHAapMepnio. 
Ma Ma Towe c hmm notuna. KorAa nana swiuen 113 AOMy 
MW BCe 0H6Hb paCCTpOMPMCb, HecxonbKo nacos b Bee 
BwrnRAbtsan a okho b naAe>KAe. hto ohm bot-bot 
noRBRTCH, a TyT nac sa nacoM npoxoAHT, a mx see neT 
Pa3Hoe Mne b ronoBy npMxoAwno, to hm hx apecTOBa- 
nM. to hm stmx >KaHAapM0B na MecTe neT. ym cbm He 
3Han. hto m AyMaTb noiuen k carto)«HMKy, hto6 pe- 
MeuiKM k AepeBRHHWM rtOAOiuBaM npMgMn. noAWMAan 
y canojKHMKa, noKa oh cAenaeT, a TyT npM6eraeT Manb- 
HnujKa M3 BenwH, sarnnHyn k canowHMKy. noTOMy hto 
He 3Han. rfle mw jKMseM, tobopmt. hto6 a^A" noiuen 
b waHAapMepuro cxasarb. Hbe 6wno TO 3epH0, noTOMy 
hto nany noxa apecTOBanw. Mw cpaay )tce SpocvtnMCb 

AOMOM C 3T0M 0H6Hb HenpMRTHOM BeCTblO Bee OT 3T0M 
BecTvt np^Lunw b ywac flflAR cpasy we noujen b jkbh- 

flapMepMMD T6TR TOWe C HUM nOUlTia. A MW. A^TM, 

ocTanMCb oahm Tonbtco c 6a6yujK0M He ywwnanM bob- 
ce. b 12 nacoB r ner cnaTb 

17 utOHSt; K HaM npMLuen ms nonyAHeeoM 3en fa- 
Man, h3m 6wno oneHb MHTepecHO 3HaTb. saneM oh 
npMXOAMT? TOBOpMT. hto M3 BenwH npwexan kto-to Ha 
BenocMneAe m cxasan. hto6 npMnpfrraTb 6enbe m oAew- 
Ay. KaKne nonymije, noTOMy hto waHAapMepMR cioAa 



KWTA' Nt 41-44 XXi 



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ewe bbmtcs Mbi cpasy npw neM nonpfrranM xopauwe 
Be\m R necKO^faKO pas swxoAun nomafleTb, He eflyT 
rw yx<e. no He BUflaTb mx 6wnO- B Aepeene owna 
ywacMaH naHMxa. cnoBHO bot-bot HarpflHyr 6aHflHTbi 
Tyr-TO waHAapMbi xaxpaa m npnexanw. CHaMans o6hck 
ycTpOMJiM y oflHoro x03RMHa h yexajiM Korfla ohm 
no6nw30CTM Hac 6binn. to fi Aywan. MTOcepAMe y n/ieHfl 
BbiCKOMHT. T3K KonoTunocb. ho. cjiasa Bory. xaHflap- 
MepuB k hsm noKa He 3awna. a naBepnoe aonw.HB 
6bma ABHTbCfi . A fl CKa3an. mo KaK 6yAyT B03Bpa waTb- 
cfl. to npnAyr Mm npocTO He snann, KyAa AeTbCB ot 
crpaxy KorAa ^aHAapwiepHfl oBpstho exana. tok hbm 
onnxb He npMiuna flTymesa HWMnnoujennornHAeTb, 
HesaxoAfTJWKyfl 3 nouunnKTeM. yxoroyTpoMSwnM. 

A B3S/1W MTO W1M H6T, TOrO CKa33Tb He Mory . nOTOMy KaK 

He 3Haio Cpaay we nowen k Hameuy poflCTBeHHMxy 
ctca3aTb, mtq6 noexan Ha BenocMneAe b BemHw m 
OTBea mm eAy. noTOMy mto Ha TaKOM AonrMM cpox c 
co6om Hesaflnw BbiCTpeHbKO OTHec eMy ceepTOK. m on 
cpa3y we noexan KorAa BopoTHncn aomom. to noen 
HeMHoro. a 6paT noman Kopoay. 6paT Bosce ectb ne 
MOr rfouien f) 33 6paT0M. hto6 npMXOAMn noecTb 
flacy s Koposy, a ryT np«6eraeT ko MHe cecTpa m 
rosopwT, mto Bee ywe ma/t S onenb oSpaAOBanea 
KorAa ona MHe 3to CKasana H poACTBenHMK ywe 
BopoTunCH, noeapeHaa mx na AOpore fl cpaay we 
noMMancs aomom nornnAeTb, npMiunw n« ywe Mepea 
nonnaca npuwiepHO npMiunM. MO)kho ce6e npeAcra- 
BUTb, K3K3H p3A0CTb A0M3 6b!iia. K0rA3 Mb* mx yeMAe- 

jim nana paccKa3biaan. kbk mm Swno b apecre. kto mm 

eCTb A3T1, T3K MTO BCe HaM OMeHb HOAP06HO p3CCK3- 

3an 

18 utOHst; Bnepa 3a6btn nanMcaTb. mto KorAa 
3enbMaH k hsm npinxoflwi. to cKa3an, mto Bcex apec- 
ToaanM. ho, cnaBa Bory. ohm ywe eepnynMCb. Docne 
BHepauunero MyscTBym ce6f BpoAe nonynme. 3s stm 
necKoribKo ahbm n noTepsn cronbKO cwi. mto He 3Haro, 
BepnyrcH dm ohm m nepea 3 Mecnua, 

20 utoHft: flownM mw a nee no Apoea Xopowo 
6wno naM b necy s waiuen TpM rpuSa. » KawANM M3 Hac 
npMHec no oxanKe Apoa 

22 uk>hr: Eme tcmho 6btno, KorAa nana scex Hac 
paa6yAM/i w eenen cnymaTb, KaKOii cTpaiuHbiw rpoxoT 
HeceTcn c ceeepo-BOCTOKa Tskom rpoxoi CTOfln. mto 
aeM/ia Apowana Becb Aenb rpoxoTano K Benepy 
exariM M3 Kenbu espew m CKaaanM, hto CoBeTcxaR 
Poccwfl MeMijaM BOMHy oQbflBMTis, TonbKo ceM4ac n m 
noHfln, OTKyAa Tatcoii rpoxoT Becb A6Hb. 

24 WOttn; Mbi p33rosapMBa/iM m Bflpyr ycribiujann 
ywacHbiM ryn caMoneTos Mepea HecxonbHO MMHyr uu 
yen wiiianvi mto KsaapMu b ByKyBKe 60M6apAMpy»0T re 
caMoneTbi xoTopwe Tonbxo hto nponeTenn. R He 
wcnyraricfl, xoTb QoMfibi crpawHO rpoxorariM. a TeTn. 
Tax ona ywacHo Mcnyranacb. 

26 uk>hr: rpoxoT no-npewneMy cribiujeH. a Bpe- 
MenaMM eme cwnbHeM. floxyvfl hbt ywe ABe neAeriM, 
ecjiM eme tsk aha 2 npoAepwMTCfl, to Bee 33BHHeT M 
ceMnac ywe OMeHb cyxo, no AOpore BOBce Henb3fl 
matm. Tax necoK ayujmt m xoxbt. 

29 uh3hr: CeroAHB KaK-To cTpentOa noyTHxjia, 
ToribKO MHorAa aohocmtcp rpoxoT. C ceBepa HaABvira- 
eTCflTyna, M3KOTopoMAonweH noMTvi AOxcAb >KAyrero 



He A05KAyrcji niOAH m see kskm6 hm na ecTb pacTeHM« 
Tyna npMiuna, m nonMn wenaHHbtM AO)KAb lllen no^TM 
nac ho SToro MartoeaTo Ann MCCoxLueMcn 3eMHM 

3 utontt: floroBopMncfl c oahmm napneM matm b 
ftec 3a APOBaMM riocne oSeAa OTnpaBMnwcb e nee. B 
necy, co6Mpaa ApOBa. yBMAenM nMCMqy, McnyranMCb 
HyroK. ho nMca caMa Hac McnyransCb m y6e>xana, mw 
npOAonxcanM coQMpaTb ApOBa. 

10 u)ojir: HacranM OMenb Tnwenbie BpeMena. 
TpyAHO npowHTb KawAfaivt Mac. y Hac scerAS Bbino 
HeMHoro npoAyKTos b 3anace, xofb 6u Ha Mecnu, a 
tenepb TpyAHO m Ha oamh AeHb eAy KynMTb HeT aha. 
hto6 KTO-HM6yAb c npocb6ow He npMiuen. A bcak, kto 
npMAeT, Himero APyoro He xombt, TonbKo M3 eAw hto- 
HMSyAb npOCMT, C 3TMM ceMHac TpyAHeii Bcero 

11 utojift: Pe6flTa LunM b nee aa MepHMKoA, noaea- 
hm m nac B3Hnw Mb< nocyAMHy noA MepHMKy, riepBbiM 
paa b 3tom roAy maom b nee. Kax TonbKo b nee npMiunM, 
cpaay CTann MepnMKy coSMpaTb, PlpMSTHO nepHMxy 

COSMpaTb, BOT TOnbKO KOMaptd M OBOAbI A0HMM3OT 

CoBpanM Mbi no noriHOM noeyAMHe m nouinM aomom 
Mbt Ha6panM nnTb nviTpoB nepHMKM Ann nanana 

14 utontt: CeroflHR npoexanw Ase aBTOMamMHW c 
neMeuKOM xoHAapMepweM M3 Kenbu Mw roBopwnM, 
mto ohm eAyr b BoA3eHTbJH AenaTb oSwck. KorAa ohm 
ywe npoexanM, to cpa3y npMexsn a«A« ho oh HMnero 
we ansn, nOTOMy mto paaMMHynee c hmmm Ha AOpore 
Oh exaaan, mto xorAa ero cwh noA BeMep eepneTCfi. to 
npMAeT m CKaaceT, «yfla noexanM K senepy oh npMLuen 
m CKaaan, mto noexann 33 BoAaeHTWH e oAny AepeB- 
hkj. tab KpecTbflHe ckot hb CAaBann, m 3a6panM y hmx 
MHoro KOpOB 

f6 uioim; CeroAHfl 6bino y nac xopoiueHbKoe 
nprnuixiMeHMe b necy C caMoro yrpa notunM aa nepHM- 
xort, nopnAOMHo yme co6panM, nonnocyAMHbi. KaK 
BApyr noTeMHeno a necy. nouien AO>KAb. « mw cpaay 
noMMariMCb aomom. ho ne yeneBuiM us necy bwmtm. 
HscxBoab npoMOKnn KorAa x< aomom npMiunM, to nepe- 
OAenMCb, 

ITukhir: Ctos na Aeope. aaMeTMn. mto exana hs 
BenocMneA© ksksr-to AeBOMKa n noTepnna paBHoae- 
CMe DoAbexaeaiM k noBopoTy, ynana m nanana bobcio 
KpMnaTb flana x neii nocnetuMn m BbfTamMn ee ws-noA 
BenocMneAa Ona paaSwna ce6e xoneno ao caMOM 
koctm, CTpaiuHO KpMMana ot 6ohm MaMa cpa3y ee 
nepeBflaana, m ona eme Hecxonbxo MMHyr cMAena. 
Cpaay npMiuen xosamh eenocMneAa m saSpan ee Ha 
BenocMneA x ce6e 

18 ukwr: Ty AeBOMxy, mto Bnepa nory pa35Mna, 
Tax ceroAHS OTBesnM a Kenbqe b ConbHMujy, noroMy 
mto ToribKO ceroAHH ee noeeanM b BoAaeHTbiH m oiry- 
Aa cpaay b Kenbue. 

22 utonR: Heoo naMsno xMypMTbca c caMoro 
yrpa. OKOno nonyflHH npMtuna ManeHbxan TyMa co 
CTpaujHOM MonHMeiS. Bchkmm paa Kax yAapnn rpoM, to 
3eMHB Apowana. H Tyr! -npMSewana KaKaa-To Aeeyiu- 
Ka m roBopMT. mto KopoBy MonHMeM y©Mno m mto6 OTeq 
noiuen CHHTb c nee ujxypy. ho nana He noiuen KorAa 

AOJKAb KOHMMnCd. TO Mbi nOLiinM K TOMy X03SMHy. 

30 utonRi KorAa man xopoay c nonn. yBMAen. mto 
OKODO MOFMnbl HeMLia CTOMT KaKOM-TO rpyaoBMK CHa- 
Mana Aywaf. MMHHTero, ho KorAa nOAOiuen noSnMwe, 



(V* a ji.arta ac j. 



31 



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Had Madnucbio wHswaHoe nped*iema» cmoum 
C8Modent>HbiQ tumaun <*Parmettnik» (JJhbbhuk) - u «u*e 
RUBINOWICZ DAW1D u eiue HecxoiibKO wmaunoa 
noManbve «Rubinowicz D» 



yBUflan MTO BblHUMaiOTOCTaHKM H6MI4a, KOTOpblM 6blTI 

y6nT b Manane bomhm Bee sac™ Tena BMAen. ronoBa 
OTaenbHO, pyKU oifle^bHO. TynoBwme h Horn Tena 
BOBce He 5wno. flypHoro 3anaxa Me 6wno. noTOMy mo 
Kaxofi-To WMflKOCTbio nonnjw. B MaiuMHe 6bmw yme 
AB3 3anonHeHHbix rpo6a,a eme 6uno MHoronycTbix 
rpo6oB. HMy onnib saeanMnw aeMnew m HacwnanM 
KaKoii-To nopomoK Ha to MecTo 

4 aeayema: C caMoro yTpa co/iHue CMnbHO npn- 
neKano flow/in e nee 3a ApoBaMn. a o6paTH0 He 
MornM aomtm. Taw 6bijio napno. rtocne o6efla HaABWHy- 
riMCb flBe TyMw, oflHa c eesepo-BocTOKa, BTopas c loro- 
3anaaa, M o6e wnvt naBCTpeny K Benepy o6e Tynn 
coiunncb, u CAenancn dpaaiHbiw nwaeHb c orpoMHbi- 

MM MOJIHHflMM. M MMHyTbl He SblDO. HT06 HeCKOJIbKO 

pa3Hecaep«Hyno flOMa6binocBeTno, naicAHeM, ai<aK 
3arpeMeno, to seMns apowana My roeopunw. hto 
Hacra/i ywe KOHeu ceeTa. Boaa noKpbina Bee nonn, a 
MTOHaflopore 6wno, Bee BOAa yHecna. flflfln HecKOJib- 
ko pa3 awxoflun Hapyxcy h citasan, hto TyHM c ceeepa 
ywacHo KpacHwe. m mm He3Hann. hto sto SHanvtT \A Tyr 
crroto « y OKHa n BHJKy. hto rae-To ropiiT, mu cpasy 
BbiuinM m rnsviwM, hto HeaaneKO ot nac ropwT. naHMKa 
caenanacb, ho hmkto ne uaen Ha nowap, noTOMy hto 
rpoiw ace rpoxoTan m cTan euie cnribnefl no)Kap cpasy 
norac, noTOMy hto jinBeHb oroHb sanwr 3Ta CTpaw- 



Han rp03a AnMnacb 2 m 7, naca. a noTOM Tyna ywna b 
cesepHyK) CTopoHy 

5 aeayema: Cpasy c yTpa fl notuen nomsaeTb, 
KaKHe 6eflbi soaa npunnHnna bo Bpewa BHepauuHePi 
rposbi BctOAy noriHo am. b none He 

fsdecb nedocmaem cmpamiubi) 

riofl Benep uu racunn nSBecTb. R m cropo)t( hocw- 
m BOfly, aflpyrow Metuan n3Becrb Benepowi nomnn 
AOMOJt 

3ceHmtt6pfi: CeroflHA K naM npwexan KOMMCcap, 
Benen saBTpa h^tm Ha pa6oTy. 

4 cenmttSpfi: B 8 yTpa ft noiuen Ha pa6oTy, ho He 
TO/ibKO a m eiue HecKoribKO pe5flT, Koraa mw npniuriM, 
to CTopow senen MHe m eme oflHOMy napHto noAaaarb 
KaMeHmwKy KMpnwH 3To6bina HeTfl>KenaH pa6oTa. ho 
MHe 6b)no oneHb ocyHHO npw stom 3aHHTMH KorAa mm 
co6panncb yxoflHTb. to ceKpeTapb tmuhw ctca3an 
HToSbi Mbi npHLunw Ha pa60Ty 7-ro 

7 ceHmfidpft: CeroflHH mm onnTb noiunn Ha pa6o- 
Ty. CeroflHSi Ha pa60Ty npniuno AecflTKa nonTopa 
nioAefi Hecxonbtco nenoBeK noiunii MbiTb m BenMTb 
apecTaHTCKyio KaMepy npn rMMHe, « Towe noujen c 
hmmh. HapoAy 6bino MHOro. m noTOMy mn 6bicrpo 
KOHHunn bck> pa6oTy m TorAa noiunw aomow. 

16 ceHms6p«: C caMoro yTpa xopoiuafl noroAa 
Flocne o6efla OTnpaBHnncb b nee sa ApoeaMM B necy. 
KorAa co6npan apoBa, HaTKHyncs Ha nyneMeT. Ta« 
MeHq sto BSBoriHOsano, hto hoth noAo mhom Tpsc- 
nucb. 

21 cewmi?Sp»: XaHAapM H3 BennH exan s Boa- 
aeHTbiH Ha MOTOUMKne TaK SwcTpo. hto motouhioi y 
Hero HcnopTMncfl, A noTOMy KaK ocTaBMTb 6bino HerAe, 
oh aaBen MOToynttn k hbm b cenw. TyT «aK pas exanw 

eBpeM B B0A36HTWH, U TOT )K3HAapM AOKyMBHTbl OT 

hvix noTpeBoaan. a o^HOMy eBpeio saopoeo ot Hero 
AOCTanocb Oh Benen mm npMcnaTb MexaHwxa nonn- 
HMTb MOTOUMKn. B 8 eenepa npnexan MexaHHK na 
MOToqwKne « B3flncfl 3a paSOTy. Fl c nHTepecoM Ha Bee 
3to rnnAen B 12 nacos nonnHnnw ero MexaHMKOB 
6bino ABoe. n ohm noexanM na MOTOLtuKnax a BoA3eH- 

TWH, HT06bl KOHHVITb paSOTy H H33aBTpa OTBeCTM MOTO- 

MMKn a BenMHw 

7 OMmn6pH: Ha npoLunovi HeAene nonMMwn Ha- 
iuna y AByx X03H6B 3aKonoTyio CBHHbKJ, a mhco 3to 
0TBe3nM b waHAapMepMHD. rtonwuMfl mm CKa3ana. hto6 
HbiHHe we ABMnncb b ynacTOK. oflMH M3 hmx RBMncn a 
ApyroM He nowe/i. Tax hto nonMUMs sa hmm np^exana 
KorAa eoiunM a aom, to oh b to ape ma oAeeanca m, 
yBMAee nonMLiwo. y6ex<an. FlonMUMFt 3a hmm, a noHAB, 
hto He AornaTb. Hanana cTpennTt b nero m nonana 
cnpaBa b rpyAb. HacMepTb ero ne y6Mnw. donMUMfl 
cpa3y no TenecpOHy Bbisaana aBTOMoSvtnb. nepes ne- 
cxonbKo MHHyr MaiiiMHa npMexana, m oTBesriM ero b 
SonbHMuy 3boha no Tene0OHy. nonMqeMCKMM ece 
coKpyiuancfl, tbk JKanen csoero nocTynKa 

12 OKmf}6pa yrpoM cHanana men A°*Ab. a 
ootom npeBpaTuncfl b CHexwyto Kpyny. A KorAa CHew- 
Han MeTenb Hananacb. to aoBce nenb3A 6bino bo ABOp 
BWHTM K nonyAHto CAenancn Mopos m nacTana 3MMa 
CerOAHA AeHb 6btn noxow Ha 1 2 AHeapfl. a He oktaops 



-KAPTA' M'3-M 2005 



4 3HAK EEflbl 



31 



13 0Kmft6pa: PaHHMM yrpoM yxe exan aOHflapM 
Ha MOToynKne b Bofl3eHTWH m 3a wen k hsm norpeTbca 
>KaHflapM. SyayMW b floiwe. cxa3an. hto6 eepen M3 
KpaiiHO Kynnnn eMy flBe obhmhw hs wy5y. KorAa exan 
oSpaTHo, to aawen s Mar33HH m nosBsn M3My. hto6 
6wna eMy nepeaoA^MyeM. Korfla Man/ia BbixoAMna us 
Marasvms, to tot waHAapM flan ev\ 7 nurpa boakm. 

15cenmft6pR^: Pano yTpoM Mbi nowrm MonMTbCfl 
b TypHO, noTOMy hto census npaaAHHK KorAa npn- 
Litnn b TypHO. to Haiw CKaaaJiu. hto b AepeBHe HeMuw 
Hepes HecKODbKO MMHyr np«wnM h roBopaT, hto6 
83pocnbie nouj/iH c hhmh Ha KaKMe-TO paSoTbt He- 
CKO/ibKOMywHUH y6ewanM 33 3a6op. a oahh Ha nepAax. 
BHflfl, ^to HeMLibi MAyr. KorAa HeMiibi ywnn. xaxas-To 
wenwuna cxa3ana, hto MywHMHw nonpsTanncb flsAs 
movi. bmah. hto ohm ywnn, Bepnyncfl b aom KorAa OH 
bo wen b aom to r aawerun, hto ohm 803BpaTnnncb n 
CKa3an aw. ^to6 oh Haaen APyryio wanxy m nKAwax, 
TorAa ere He y3HaiOT, noTOMy hto BnAen«, naic oh 
y6eran KorAa HeMqbi CHOBa npMwnt-i, to aHh>o ne 
yananvi m cnpawwBann rAe ocTa/ibHbie, MCKann mx. ho 
HMKorone natunn. rtane we Hnnero Hecxaaanw. noTOMy 
hto oh oto Bcex pa6oT ocBo6o)KAeH KorAa HMKoro He 
Haw/in. tq CKasann, hto6 see wna no aomsm, noTOMy 
hto HvtxaKOM MonMTabt 3Aecb He SyAST KorAa mm tunn 
Aomom. jiioah HaM cxasanw. hto xoHAapMepMS xoawt 
s KpanHO no aombm B3t>tM3Tb nocTaBKn 3a6wpaK)T 
Kopos m xosweB, xoTopwe Hunero He caanw b nocTaBKW 

1 Hondpa: C eroaHH BbiBeweHO b Kenbuax o6*=«b- 
neHne, hto Towy, kto bomabt nnn BwiiAeT H3 «EepePi- 
exoro pa«OHa», 6yAeT CMepTHbiM npuroBop. flo chx 
nop mowho 6wno bomtm m bwhtvi m3 paMOHa. OngHb 
m6ha oropHM/ia 3T3 Hosocrb, He Tonbxo wena. ho h 
xawAoro nyAefl. KOTOpbiM 3TO cnuwan He TonbKO b 
Kenbqax stm o6bHBfieHHfl BWBeiueHbt. ho h bo Bcex 
ropoAax reneparibHoro ryoepHaropCTBa (Tax Ha3bisa- 
eTc» nacTb 6biBweH DonbtuM). 

28 Hoa6pn: rioone o6eAa npnexan noHTanbOH M 
npHHec noBecrxy 3annaTMTb LUTpa0 1 50 snoTbix 3a to. 
hto 2 IX npnuien k HaM cMonoTb sepno b >xepHOBax 
coceA-eBpew, h cpa3y flBuncn CTapocra c cexpeiapeM 
rMWHbi. ohh pasrju/in wepnoBoiS xaMeHb v\ Hanwcann 
npOToxon. hto tot 6bin M3 eBpeScxoro pafioHa, w 
ceroAHs naAO nnaTMTb stot ujTpa^ 

5 dexa6pft: CeroAHfl xoaut c6opmnx Hanoros co 
CTapocTOM h npwiijeji k HaM, a crapocTa nocnan MeHfl 
x flpyroMy CTapocTe c nopyneHneM Ha o6paTHOM nyTH 
n noBCTpenan cecrpy, KOTopaa xyAa-TO 6e)xana. a 
xorAa n ee cnpocnn, KyAa 6e>xwT, Tocxasana, hto hast 
B3HTb AeHer b Aonr, noTOMy hto CHOBa naAO nnaTHTb 
154 3noTbix xaxoro-TO npocponenHOro nanora Dpvi- 
men aomoPi. a TyT CTapocra c rtanOH pyraiOTCR. xoneT 
Hanncarb nporoKon, hto mu Aep)«nM eBpeee M3 paito- 
Ha. a 3to BOBce wenpaBAa. FIotom nepecTanw pyraTb- 
en \a CHOBa Sbi/iM b xopoiueM HacTpoenmt. 

6 denaBpa: riosjiHc Be^epoM npn6e>t<an cbih ca- 
noKHnxa CK333Tb, hto npwiunM x hum nonnqufl, CTapo- 
cra n xoMMTei nocTaaxoK. TpeQyioT 1 50 3/iotwx, a ecrw 
He AaTb. to OTita era apecTyxyr, w mto6 nana BepHyn 
mm 100 snoTbix. xoTopwe y hux Spaii s Aonr. nana 
cpasy c hum noiue/i i/i npocmi nonnuwio, hto6w BnaAe- 



neq Tex AeHer comacK/icn noAOWAaTb ao BTOpHwxa, 
a nana eMy npHweceT. v\ tot comacuncfi Ha sto 

12 deita6pfi: Bnepa noc/ie 06eA3 n noujen b 
6oA3eMTb(H. noTOMy hto Ae/iato ce6e nnoM6bi. w co6w- 
partcH nepeHoneBaTb CeroAHfl paHO yTpoM npHexana 
waHAapMepufl. KorAa exanw no ujocce noBCTpenann 
3a ropoAOM oflHoro eepes n cpasy ero 3acTpennnn 
6e30 BCHxoii npuHUHbi. a xax exann fla/ibwe. aacrpe- 
jinnn eme OAny espetiKy To«e 6e30 bcskom npMHMHbi 
Tax nano ABe wepTBbi 6e3 bcfikom npHHMHbi, R. mas 
AOMoii. onenb 6onjicR, HTofibi HenapoxoM mx HescTpe- 

THTb, HO HMKOrO He nOBCTpCHa^. 

13 deKa6pft: CeroAHfl CHOBa jxaHAapMepMn exa- 
na b BoA3eHTbiH. Xoshmh, hto c hwmm exan, to 6w/i m3 
KpaftHo KorAa npvtexan. TocKasan.HToceroAHsonsTb 
nana >nepT8a ot hx pyx Mw oneHb nepe«nBann, yoiw- 
oiaB TaKyto HosocTb. noTOMy hto ao cmx nop Taxoro 
co6b)T«n He 6bino 

21 denaSpft: CeroAHfl R nowen b BoA3eHTWH 
KOHHviTb 3tm n^0M6bi. Tax n 6wno. 3y6HO« span ceroA- 
Hfl nx MHe aaxoHHHn KorAa n BepHyncn aomom. to 
nanw He owno. nOTOMy hto oh noexan b Ke^bMe 3a 
xapTOHHOft Myxovi An« eBpees co scew rMHnw IIosaho 
HOHbto nana npwexan 6e3 My km, noTOMy hto JiomaAb 
ycTana, m oh ocraBidfl ee y OAHoro xo3snna b 3-x 
xiinoMerpax ot Hac n Toribxo aaBTpa npHBeser. 

22 denadpti: liana HaHan cneunanbHyto noABOAy 
h npwBes Myxy, a n cocTaBvm cnwcoK vt crait pasAaaaTb 
Myxy. 

26 deKa6pa: nana xatc pa3 OAeBancn. xorAa k 
HeMy npntueri oahh napenb cxa3aTb. hto6 wen x 
MataawHy, noTOMy hto >xaHAapM ero 3oeeT, a 3aneM - 
Hew3BecTHo nana OAencn vt nowe/i b MaraswH A mh 
onenb nepenyranMCb, noTOMy hto He 3Hanw, 3aH6M ero 
Bbt3bisaK3T B HbiHewHwe BpeMena seAb 3a ntoQovi 
nycTflx MoryT apecTOBSTb. Ho OHeHb exopo OTeq Bep- 
Hy/icfl m cx33an. hto6 npHiunw k neMy b Mara3MH 5 
ea pees a 3aneM Tax ne cxa3an, fl cpasy we noiuen nx 
MSBecTHTb. KorAa k hum npmuen. to hx Towe HHTepe- 
COB3/10, noneMy 3tot ixaHAapM wx Bbi3bJBaeT Cpa3y 
>xe co mhom now/iM b Maraann. no AOpore noBCTpena- 
jin nany, v\ oh cxasa/i mm, hto6 B03BpauiaiiMCb aomom, 
npMLuno pacnopfiweHMe*. mto6 eBpeM cAanM see Me- 
xoBbie BemM ao nocneAHero xyconxa A 5 eapeea 
6yAyT OTseTCTBeHHWMM 3a Tex. kto ne CAacT A ecnM 
y koto-to yBMAsrr MJ7*t HaMAyT Mexa, to eMy 3a sto 
nojiaraeTcs CMepTHaa xa3Hb. TaxoM cypoBbiM 6bin 
npMK33, >KanAapM onpeAenMfi cpOK ao 4-x nocne 
nonyAHS OTAarb ace Mexa BcxopocTM eapew KananM 
npMHOCMTb KycKM m qenbie Luy6b) MaMa cpa3y cnopo- 
na Mex c Tpex nanbTO m Bee bopothhkm B 4-e wsh- 
Aapwt C3M npMiuen x Haw 3a MexoM h aenen noribCKOMy 
noriMtieMCKOMy cocTaeMTb cnMcoK Bcex wexos, koto- 
pwe eBpeM CAantt. A noTOM Mbi cnownnM hx b a&3 
Meiuxa, m ABoe eBpeeB CHecnM mx k TOMy xo3AMHy. 
KOTopoMy eeneHo Swjio CBe3Tn see 3-to b nonMuieMC- 
khh ynacroK s BeriMHbi 06 3tom pacnopaweHiw y3Ha- 
hm Mbi snepa, noTOMy k3k nana 6biri b Ke/ibyax m h3m 
CKasan. hto TaxoM npMKaa BbiLuen b Kenbqax AneM 
paHbiue 

(npodonxemie hb cmp. 34) 



*«.* -s-s -_: 



32 



4 3HAi m\ 



riTTO B KEJIbllE 




fiaaud SexepMan uanbuuit u3 Kanewoto aemmo. Chumok ccte/iaw 24 Ma* 1942 a 21 aaaycma 
1942 a npu nsjKGudauuu sammo Aaaud ncsu6 Eeo 36apbi3na oevapxa 



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MyxviiH sohbit) a 6anio. ronuMU. no ctieey. 



Terro e Ke/ibue 6w.no OTKpbiTo 31 niapTa 1 94 1 rofla Tyjja 
Mac«iibHo nepece,ntMin eepeeB us OKpecTKwx/iepeBeHb reiro. 
cocro«mee 1*3 500 crpceHHtS, 6wno paccMHrano Ha 15 000 
^enosex B Hero 3acennn« 27000 eepeeB Ycsioavm 6bin« 
yftacMKMM oco6€mho nooie TOro trait ewe 1004 ne/ioaexa 
np«Be3nn via Benw Depefi nnKBnjieuHei* re-rro. bccko* 1942 
H3fla, Tecrano opranK30oanoaKLin*o enpoTMBnonbCKMx ocpHuepoB 

H KOMMyHHCTOB» BO Bp6Mf! 3KL1HH ©WHO paCCTpenSMO HeCKOUbKO 

eapetomx Bpane* h Apyrux npeflCTaBHTene* HMTennnreHU«M. ocra/ibHbie Sunn apecrOBaHw m ompasneMbi a AycwBHij 

reno 6bino nwKBMAMpoeaHO 20-24 aBrycra 1942 roaa B nepaw* fleHb oitono 7000 nenoBex ompaBmrnt s TpegjWHKy 
KawtAOMy 6bjjiono3BoneHOB3BTbeco6ojiAo20i(r6ara>Ka, ho UHorne, MeycneBnoMflTb»TonpoMCxoflvrr. npnw;iM HaMecro c6opa 
6ei neMOfiaHoa OpoBOflnncn «ot6op» - CTapwx, cfla6bixM6onbHbixpaccTpe/iMBan*t HaiwecTe 22aarycra l942rofl3Bpe3yfls»TaTe 
«OT6opa» 6b*no paccrpenflw 500 vtenpsex 23 aarycra 1942 no npMxaay CC 6bintt yftnTbi ace neitMewTbi espewcKot* SonbHui^bt 
HecKonbxo gotom venoBeK apaweft sacraBfiBmi Afinarb cbqum nauaeKraM cwepre/ibMbie HHbexLtMH. 

Okojio 20000-21000 twcjwm eapeee erwHy/io a narepe cmbpth e TpeSfiMHxe Oxono 1200 6wno y6*To a rerro bo BpeM* 
•axyMK), CC MMymecTBo y6«Tbix (oflex<fla. Senbe. Me5e/ib o6opyaoBaHne H3 MacrepcitMx) 6wno n3bn-ro h coSpano hs 
cneqMajibHwx cwiaAax b uenrpe Kejibue JlMBHAaMwew rerro pyxoBOflnnti raymrunypM(p»opep CC 3pMcr To»ac h raynrMaH Tbhc 
ritfinp 



34 



4 3HAK BEAU 



28 dena6psi: PaaSyanji MetHfi iqkom-to cryK b 
okho fi oflencfl m nowen OTBopwib TaM 6wnn ABa 
eapea ms BoaaeHTbiHa, xoropbie exanw b Keribue w 
Botunn oSorpeTbCB. 9\ cnpocMn wx, HeT nM kskhx hobo- 
dew CKasanM. mo CHOBa ecrb 2 wepTBbi. KOTOpwe 
6wnn 3acTpeneHbi b PowAecTBO onntb 6e30 bcakom 
npHMMHw BoTraK MAHflHeT6e3KaKOft-Hn6yflbnnoxoM 
Becm CKasanM eme, mto b flanewMqax Towe mto-to 
npoM30Luno, ho He 3HaiOT mto. nocne nonyAHs npMiuen 
M3 flaneujuq ceKpeTapb us CoBeTa crapeMtuMH v\ c«a- 
3an. mto ceroflHfl nanM wepTBOM or pyn waHAapMa 5 
eBpeeB, noTOMy mo KTO-TOflOHec. MTocnpnTanM Mexa 
>KanaapM Benen 33KonaTb m b oahom AMe Ha mx 
coScTBeHHOM ABope, 6btnn to otbli, Tpoe cwHOBew m 
AOMb. B Kenbuax 6biBaeT no necKonbKo wepTB b flenb 
3a bwxoa n3 eBpewcroro pawona B tskhx CTpauHbix n 
nnoxnx yoiOBMflx npoxOA«T ahm m HeAenn normbie 
TpeBorw n ywaca 

29 dera6pw: flo oSeAa nowen n c 6paT0iw k 
coceAy noMonoTh HewHoro nwenMqw KorAa MononM, 
npMuien oamh MyatMK m aca3an. hto no AepeBHe MAer 
npoaepKa ckots, noTowy mto b npownoM Mecsme ero 
nepennea/in, a ceroAHfl ecnn y roro cxoTa Sonbtue. 
«neM 3anncaH0. to HaanaMatOT Ha nocrraBKM, a Ha Tex 

WMBOTHWX. MTO 3af1MCaHb). HO npOAaHbl, C0CT3BnflK>T 

npOTOxon. Mbi Sbinn yBepenbt. mto Haujy roposy ne 
nepenwcann n ee npoAann A KOmponb k Haiw flBMncf?, 
nOTOMy mto OHa 6wna 3an«caHa. m KOraa ee hb 3acr3- 

HH, TO KpHMaTb npMHHnilCb, TAB KOpOBa. nOTOMyMTOee 

Herib3R npoAaBaTb, nana npo6oBan o6"bf»CHMTb, mto 
He snan. TaK mod m TaK. ho He nowor/io nane sto 
06-bRCHeHne. m cpaay coSpanMCb cocraBnflTb npoTO- 
Kon KorAa seMepeno, CTapocTa nocnan Mena k ce6e 
3a caxapoM, m a eMy HeMeAna npwHec. A BenepOM 
npuwen CTapocTa sa nanow m cxa3an, mto KOHTponepbi 
ero 30ByT KorAa nana notuen, to 336panM ero a cbhm 
h yexanM- Mu He snaiiM, KyAa ero saSupaiOT m 3a mto. 
Maua BbiLuna, ho ohm y*e yexanM Maiwa n 6paT 
6ewana 3a humm. ho AomaTb He Mornw. HoMa Bee 

BCTpeBOKMnUCb. HO MTO Mb) MOr/lM f\ TO M AeflO BWXO- 

AH/i HapyjKy nornflAeTb, He HAeT nv\ kto, ho hhkto He 
tuen. A pas KaKBbnue/i, to Bw>Ky 6paT6e3«nTn roBopMT. 
mto nany OTnycTnn«. Mepe3 HecKonbKO MMHyT nana 
nprnuen. eme no AOpore crapocTa yxe eenen nane 
HATM AOMoft. a Te KOHTponepbi He no3Bonsrw. ho 
noTOM HaKOneq OTnycTMnii vt Tonbxo nanKoii orpenw 
HecKonbKOpa3. riocneyKMHa CHoaa nprnuen CTapocTa 
w Benen nane math k oflHowy xo3f»iHy. KyAa ohm onnTb 
npMAyr, nana ne noiuen, nomna Mavta ho Bee paBHO 
HMMero He ynaAnna, a ToiibKo Benenw HaaaeTpa yrpoiw 

npMXOflMTb 

JO dexadpn: Pano yrpoM MaMa notuna m Bee 
ynaflnna. ynpocwna mx. mto6 ne nMcanM nporoKon m 
mto6 ne 6bino HaKasaHvis, ho 

3tm KOHTponepbi noexanM BMepa aeMepoM k p,py- 
niM eBpesM m Ha3HaMMnM mm CAan> no rapoBe m 
OTsecTM b Kenbqe Ha 6omhio. 

Toa. 1942 rofl. 

8 RHeaptt: nocne nojiyAHH y3Han, mto CHOBa B 
BoA3eHTbiHe ecrb 2 «epTBb) cpefiH eBpeeB. Oahh 



cpa3y HacMepTb. a btopom paneH. 3roro paHeHoro 
apecToaa/iM h B3flnM c co6om b ynacTOK b BeriMHw. a 
tsm y*c m y6bKJT ero HacMepTb. 

11 pHBapa: C caMoro yTpa MeTenb m cMnbHWM 
M0P03, ceroAHH noA 20°C . KorAa rate BCMaTpHBancs. 
nax BeTep rynfieT no no/iHM, to yBMAen. mto cenbCKMit 
CTopow HatcneMBaeT KaKoe-TO oe^BBneHne. TyT we 
noLuennomflAeTb,MTOHOBoroBo6'bSBneHMM. B o6bfia- 
neHHM He6binoHMMero hoboto. HOCTopowcKasan, mto 
OTHec KcrapocTe oGtBBneHMs o tom, mto 6yAyT Bbice- 
nsTb Bcex eBpees mso acex AepeBenb. KorAa a aomb 

06 3TOM paCCK33ajl, TO BCe Mbl OMeHb BCnojlOUiMnMCb. 

Tenepb b TaKyto cypoayro 3MMy 6yflyT Hac BbtceriBTb 
rAe m KyAa? npMiuen m Hatu nepeA TepneTt Tawe/ibie 
cTpaAaHMfl OAHOwy TocnoAy M3BecTHo. KaKAonro 

12 ft Heapa: C yTpa nopanbwe notuen pasrpefiaTb 
cner KorAa 33Uien oSorpeTbCfl, to npMiuen nOMomHMK 
crapoCTbi m CKaaan. mto MMTan y CTapocrbi oSbHene* 
HMe, mto eBpeeB SyAyr BbfcennTb m HMMero mm ne 
no3BOJieHo 3a6MpaTb. KpoMe Toro, mto na ce6e. Mbi 
TaK nepenonotuM/iMCb ot tom bcctm w He 3HariM mto c 
hsmm TBOpwTCfl KorAa nana npMiuen, CTariM mu co6m- 
paTb HecKoribKo ysertKOB c BemaMM. KOTopwe hb ca- 
Mbte nywHbie, m oTHecnn mx k coceaaM. b cnynae ec/iw 
SyAyT BbJCenfiTb 5ea cpoxa. mtoSw xoTb AOMa He 
ocTasa/iMCb. nana xoTen npOAaTb ujKaQb m APyryto 
AOMauiHioK) yTBapt, ho He nauinocb noKynaTenn. no- 
KynaTe/iw 6binM, as TontKO xoTenw KynwTb 3a nonqe- 
Hbi, nana we CKa3an. mto nyvwe ocTaBMT. a sa TaKMe 
AeHbrM He npoaacT Korfla Mbi HeMHoro ycnoKOMnMCb, 
to CTariM apoHTb n/iaHW, KaKofl ysen KOMy Hecrtt, 
KaKoe 6enbe HaAeTb, a xaKoe b ysert cnowMTb B 
oSbHBJieHMw He roaopunocb. KyAa Hac BbicensT m 
KorAa. a TonbKO mto Bbicensrr m 6onbuue HMMero. noA 
BeMep npmujen oamh xo3bhh m xoTen KynMTb rnnacp. ho 
AaBa/i 33 Hero 250 3/iOTbix v\ He KynMn, noTOMy mto 
tiiKscp Aonwen ctomt Tenepb He MeHbiue 500 an. 

13 stHeapn: nana noexan b Kenbqe pa3y3H3Tb 06 
3T0M BbiceneHMM. KyAa nac BweerwT m KorAa C HeTep- 
neHMeM washw mu ero B03BpaineHMFi, MoweT. np«Be- 
seT K3Koe-HM6yAb MSBeciMe nortyMtue. Kor^s nana 
npMexsn, to HMMero KonKpe-moro He roBopMn. TonbKO 
cK33an, mto ceroAHB b cTapocTaTe saceAanwe ecex 
CoseTOB CTapewLUMH eBpeeB co ecero KeneqKoro 
noBBTa 5 Ha 3tom saceAaHMM aojdkhw BWAenMTb b 
ceneHMflx m MecTeMKax Macrb noA EBpeMOoiw paMOH. 
Ho nana HecKasa/i. ts\b 3To6yAeT, noTowy KaKpanbiue 
mx yexan. ohm we aonwHbi 6wnM k hsm 3aexatb, ho He 
saexanw. bmaho. HOMbio exariM. 

14 RHeapn: nsna nouie/i cerOAHH b fla/reuJMLie. 
nocne o6eaa b notuen 8 naBKy . no flopore noecTpenan 
coceAKy. TanOHa MHe CK33ana, mtoms BenMH npMxOAM- 
na AOMKa ee cecTpw m roaopMna. mto sbiceneHMe 
OTnownrtM a° was. R OMenb o6paAoaancR stoh Hoao- 
CTM m noujen k Hew pa3y3HaTb nonyMUie KorAa npM- 
iuen, to Mne to we cawoe paccKaaana FI cpsay we 
noiuen aomoh nepeAaib mm 3Ty Hoaocrb, nycTb Towe 
nopaAytOTcn K BeMepy nana npMiuen ws flaneujMij. 
nans Towe cxa3an, mto BbiceneHMe oTnoweHO ao Mas, 
CKa3an; mto KapTOMHyio MyKy nonyMMM Ha AHBapb Me- 
col( m 33BTpa ioeAeT 33 Heft s Kenbue. 



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f 5 sweeps; Korfla rnaflen b okho. to yBMflen. hto 
npwexana waHAapMepnsi n bxoaht k hsm Korfla bow- 
m, to Bcex Hac noma™ cner y6npaTb, a mm bobcb He 
3HanM, hto na yoopxy, mu >k ay Mann HeeecTb xyfla Hac 
BeflyT. fl, 5paT m TeTB, Mbi a aepesHe oTotunw s 
CTOpony. noTOMy hto waHflapMbi eiue crostnM y Mara- 
3HHa. A abas, MaMa w 6a6yLUKa, Tax ohh noiunw. 
floMotf n He notuen, noTOMy hto ohh eme 6binn s 
Mara3nne, a nowen x cocefly w TaM Kaxoe-To epeMfl 
npoBbin Korfla yexanw, eepHynca flOMoii MaMa no- 
wna 6es pyxaBHM, 6a6ywxa rowe m He ooeflaBww. 
xotji ooefl 6wn cBapeH, a Tyr tskom Mopoa, Korfla a 
noo5eflan, ToyBMflen. HroTOTwaHflapM, htom paHbwe 
TyT 6bm. noflHHMaeTCH no flopore. fl bwckohwi napy- 
*y m y6ewan. flyMan, mto aa hbmh A KaK yw Bbi6e*an, 
to noflyMan, fro nofcfly b flpyryro aepeBHro \a raM 
npoSyay. noKa He yeflyr, w noiuen. Korfla tuen, to 
npWMeTnn, hto tot scaHflapM n^eT b iy caMyto crropo- 
Hy, mto h a. fl ywe ho Mory6e>KaTb. noTOMy hto oh mchr 
BMfien, nonowHncfi Ha cy/»b6y v\ wen, chub noBflaicy*. 
hto6 mbhr xoTb naflann He ysHan. Korfla b flepeenio 
npMiiieri. to fly Man, hto ot Hcrsyra cepflue nonneT. n 
CTan cnycxaTbCfl bhus no flepeBHe Ha flpyroM KOHqe 



flepeBHM cHosa noBCTpenan tofo we )Kan- 
flapMa. noTOMy hto oh oien He 3a mho* , a 
ceoeii floporotf Ho MeHH oh He yewflen 
Ka>Kflbi(i MOweT ce6e npeflCTaBMTb mow 
Tpeeory h cTpax. Oh npotuen, \a a noujen 
flOMoii yxe 5b\n HeflaxieKO otaoms, yen- 
flan K3KyK)-T0 noso3Ky nepea MarasunoM 
m notuen K cocefly Tot cocefl Mne cKasan. 
hto Bee eBpen cneroM sanflTbi M MaMa 
Towe. Korfla n Bbiujen nocMOTpeTb. yexa- 
na nH noB03Ka. to yBuflen, hto Bee paarpe- 
6aioT CHer nepea HaujMM aomom, aomom 
eifle He noiuen KorAa Tax cMflen. to npn- 
iuen oflMH napenb w cxa3an. hto5 h yxo- 
flwn, noTOMy hto »«aHflapMbt xoaht no fle- 
peBHe. H noiuen KflpyroMy xo3qnny m tot 
MHe cxa3an. hto6 yxoflun, ho b He noiuen 
Korfla ewiuen Ha flBOp. to yBMflen, hto 
noB03«a c «aHflapMaMn yj«e ye3waeT m 
cpasy we notuen aomoh, m 6bin ywe Benep, 
see ywe npntunw aomoi^. \a Mbi Bee flpyr 
flpyry paccKa3WBanM. icto ceroflHS hto ne- 
pewnn. >KaHflapM cnpawMean y uaMbi, 
xyfla Mbi yTpoM noiunw, ho noroM aaSwn. R 
y3Han. hto oflnoro eBpes cejuann m aa6e- 
pyT b ynacTOK. a flByx flpyrux 3anepnw u 
eenenn flaTb no 100 anoTbtx, Torfla Bwny- 
CTHT. Tax hto cTapocTa 3a hmx nopyHdncn 
n mx BbinycTMnn fl cpa3y we Oflencsi n 
noiuen pa3y3HaTb, hto cTeM SyfleT Korfla 
n npMiuen, to ero ywe ne 6bwno. ero npwB«- 
3anw k cannM. w npinunocb eMy 3a humh 
6ewaTb. a MoweT, ero aacTpensT. ksk 
anaTb CwaenHMbiBecbBeHepoHeHb one- 
naneHHbie h 3aflyMMMBbie. CKonbKO we 

BparOB OXOTWTCR 3a 3TMMH 6e33aa|MTHbl- 

mm 3atfu,aMn no3flHo Be^epoM npnexan 

nana c MyKOti 
16 RHaapfi: Honbio k nane 3a coBeTOM npmuen 
OTeu Toro, KOTOporo 3a6pann. ho hto nana mot noco- 
BeTOBaTb. CeroAHH Bee Mbi co6panncb cner pacHM- 
maTb rtoKa cnerow aaHWManncb, nprnuna oana flea- 
HOHKa c 3anncKoia M3 TypHO. A b 3anncxe 6bino, hto ms 
Tex abohx, KOTopbix BMepa 3a6pann, Tax oflnoro aacT- 
penwnii m. Kax 3naTb. He Toro nn eepea. noTOMy hto 
BTOpoit 6wn nonnx Cecrpa toto noiuna e BenMHbi 
HTO-Hn6yflb pa3y3HaTb flocne oSefla b noiuen a naBxy 
aa aneinpHHecKOti naMnoHxofl. KorAa Bosapamancsi 
M naBKM. 3awen k oAHOMy eBpeio Boiifls b aom, 
yBMflen. mto see b cnesax. n cpasy floraflancn, hto 
Toro napHH aacTpennnw Cnpocnn Tonbxo e HecKonb- 
kmx cnoBax. npaBfla nn sto. m cKasann, hto noxopoHen 
e xaxoM-TO nepenecKe Korfla x cbhsm 6wn npMBB3aH. 
to ywe He Mor oewaib aa canflMM. v\ Tonbxo BonoxnM 
ero caHM a noTOM ero 3acTpenwnM, Taxas HecMacTHan 
6bina y Hero cyflb6a. Kax npwiuen aomom, to paccxa- 
3an mm 3Ty HOBocTb. bchk MoweT ce6e npeflCTaBMTb. 
mto He pafloeanMCb aTOMy. Hoa bbmbp npniuen x HaM 
crrapocTa ... - nana xynwn HeMHoro boaxm m Bbinnnn 
BMecre c hmm. noTOMy hto neMHoro 3aMepa. CTapocTa 
cxasan, hto Bcex eBpeee Haao nepecTpensTb, noTOMy 



www tan* o'sj 



36 



4 3HAK GEflbl 



hto ohh eparM. Ecnw 6 b xoTen TonbKo nacTb aanMcaTb 
Toro. hto oh y Hac roBopwrt, to ho MOr Gw ... CeroflHB 
onnTb CHer yoVipanw, a ctopow 6bin HaACMQTpmMKOM 
H3A eBpeflMn. 

17 ttneapa: flyMan. hto ceroAHfl He 6yfieM cner 
ySwpaTb, Aa rfle tsm Hocne ecex awx Taweribix nepe- 
>KMBaHMii m ynatflKa can npwxofiHTCB croBTb b tskoh 
niOTbm MOpo3 n CHer paarpeSaTb 

78 RHaapp: PannuM yrpOM nouien a k crapocre 
cnpocMTb. Ky^a hath cner y6npaTb, ho cTapocTa He 
Benen. noTOMy hto cnera Her 

19 RHeapR: nocne saBTpaKa nowen c SparoM 
CMonOTb a wepHoeax HeMHoro 3epHa. KorAa urnM Ha- 
san, to yewAen. hto eBpew cner pacHnmatoT OKono 
Hac. a CTopow aa hwmm cneflMT. Ctopow cpaay Benen 
h3m HflTn yCupaTb. Benen paSoTaTb. noKa crapotrra 
He 6yaeT exafb w3 tmhhw. Kyaa yrpoM noexan B 
H6TbipeexanHa3aA, ocTaHOBunenw BOLueneviarasuH. 
cropow cpaay Towe nouien KorAa ctodow stamen ms 
Mara3nna. to Benen HaM nocTpovtTbCs no aboc nona- 
Tbi Ha nneno v\ MapwuposaTb b ropy CKaaan. hto 
crapocra aan eMy TaKOM npusaa. n hsm npuwnocb ero 
cnyuiaTb. npMBen Hac Ha rop«y. me caMbifi QonbUJOM 
Mopoa h MeTenb, h Benen HaM pa6oTaTb. a caM nowen 
b KaKOii-To bom, HaM we aenen pa6oT3Tb ao saxofla 
coriMua. Mbi an a nan w or xo nana, KawAbiM Aonwen 6bin 
ocTasaTbca ao aaxoAa co/iHua. a hotom oh npmuen 3a 
naMU CHOBa nocrponn noflsoe. m mw nouinM. Kor,aa 
npuLunw k MarasuHy. to CTapocTa eiue 6wn \A xomywe 
aenepeno. He noaBonun math no AOMaM BenepoM 
TonbKooTnycTMn HacM Haxaaan paHO yTpOMnpMWTW na 

paSOTbl. 

20 RHeaptt: Pshhhm yrpoM MaMa c A«AeM noiunn 
k crapocrre, hto6 Bcex Hac ocbo6oah/i ot paSoTbi co 
cneroM Donpocwnn ero. m nosBonun ne iapjv\. KaK 
CBewHM BwnaAeT. to hto6 npMxoAMTb pa3rpe6aTb... 
nana 6wn s Kenbqax 6 CTapocTaTe, htoSw eMy rtpo- 
An«nvt nponyCK BepHynCB noaAHo BenepoM. 

22 RHeapn: YTpow nocne aaatpaKa b nomen c 
nanow OTrpeSaTb CHer KorAa y6wpann. to npMUjen 
cTopow us APyroHAspeBHw, eenen, mto6w BceMw mnw 
pacHMiijaTb Ha Apyroe tuocce a Tpex KiinoMeTpax ot 
nac nana eMy CK33an, mto CTapocTa Benen paSoTaTb 
OKono Hac. a oh CTan pyraTbCB. yAapwn nany h Bcex 
noman na cHewnwe paSoTw, n we He noaien w exopo- 
HMncB. a nana noiuen k CTapocre pa3y3HaTb. CTapo- 
cra ne eenen matm. ho nana nomen. noTOMy hto b 
HbiHeiUHee epewn bchk MOweT AonecTM Ha eBpea b 
>xaHAapMepn(0 flonro He paBoTanu, noiunn 12-tw He 
6wno. a npHiunw a 3. 

24 RHeapR: npHiuen k Hau ctoook cttaaaTb, hto 
H3AO math CHer y6npaTb n mw cpasy nomnM. npmunH 
m Apyr^e eBpew, n mdi pacHnc™nn oiocce Kate ynwqy 
nonnLjuB npoxoA^na. T3k mm towe noHpaBunocb 

28 RHeapR: 3a HOHb see wocee cneroM saHecno. 
T3K hto yrpOM Mbi noiunw ero OTrpe6aTb. KorAa pa6o- 
TanM, npumna oflHa AeanOHKa m CKaaana. hto cropow 
apecTOBan KaKoro-To eepen, w CTapocra coSMpaeTCB 
oTocnaTb ero b waHAapMepMto. noTOMy hto eBpenu 
Henb3B xoflHTb M3 oahom AepeBHH s APyryw MaMa c 
A«AeM noiiinvi npocMTb cTapocry. hto6 ero OTnycTHn, 



MaMa ene-ene yroBopwna CTapocry. hto6 ero OTnyc- 
tmhm, 3anna™n k TOMy we 1 00 3n tuTpatpy 

1 (peepanR: Ytpom exana KaKan-TO MauiviHa m 
saAepwanacb OKono cTapocrbi, Mu Aywanw, hto mc- 
nopmnacb nana nouien e BOAaeHTbiH , a b c SpaxoM 
cnery5npaTb KorAa Mbi CHeroM3aHHMan«cb, MauiMHa 
ywe o6paTHo exana « ocTaHOBMnacb o«ono Hac Oahh 
wanAapM Bbiiuen m hto- to nonpaBMn, m yexanH Bcko- 
pe ujna aHaxoiwafl aeenoHKa w cxa3ana. hto 3tm wan- 
AapMw 3a6panM b MatuMHy CTapocry. He roeopB, no 
KaKOwnpwHMHe. UJenoAnw KpecrbBHHH, oh CKasan, hto 
MatuMHa yexana a ABa wanAapMa noexann co crapo- 
ctoh Ha noABOAa b BenMHu. flBa wanaapwa ocTanMCb 
B LUKone m corjMpaioTCfl BecrM name-To paccneAosa- 
Hwe. R y3Han. hto crapocry apecTOBann aa npoAawy 
MyKW c nocTa80K. B3flnn tcaKoro-TO KpecTbflHMHa m 
nonyAHeBOM 

2{peepann: C caMoro yrpa 6bino MHorouiyMy M3- 
aa Bnepa lunero coSutmh Bonbiua b nacTb ntOAew pa ja 
3T0My, noTOMy hto MHoro ana oh niOflflM npHHMHiin. 
oco6eHHO we BeAHbiM npnexan boht" m ceKpeTapb na 
rMMHbi Mw ne 3Hanw, 3aneM K Benepy b y3Han, hto 
BbiBpanM Hoaoro CTapocry. 

8 (peepanu: Kto-to MHe CK33an. hto kommtct 
nocTasOK m HeMeq 6yAyT AenaTb o6bicK m MCKarb 
aepHO. MoweTnepea nac HananM flenaTb oSwck. Korfla 
q paooTan npw CHere. KaKOM-io napeHb cxaaan mhb. 
hto tot neweu Boojen k OAHOMy eBpeio, scex Bbiman 
m npnKa3an Ha6pocaTb cwery baom, noTOMy hto rpsa^ 
ho. fl He noBepMn. noAsenep nooien Tyfla m yBepvincB, 
hto npaBAy oh MHe yTpoM roBopvtn. A to, hto Bee 6bi/iM 
b nonHOM CTpaxe m TpeBore. Ta« sto KawAbiM MoweT 
ce6e npeACTaanTb Oh 3Aecb 6wn yToro eBpea. koto- 
poMy Cbwa 3acTpenMnn. 

9 fpQepasiR: CeroAHB noexanw b Apyryto Aepes- 
Hto npoBOA^Tb o6biCK. Mbi cwnbHO Hanyranncb. hoto- 
My hto ohm odaHOBunncb y Mara3MHa m mu AywanM. 
hto k HaM 3awAyT. xoth HMHero 6w He naiunM KorAa s 
noo6eAan. to npMmen ctodow, hto6 matm CHer yisw- 
paTb aa utKonoM. b nouien. 3arn*Hyn k OAHOMy espeio 
cnpocMTb, miyT nM CHer yfiMpaTb KorAa fl BxOAHn. to 
Apyrow HeMeu c kommtctom BbtxOAnnn. KorAa soujen. 
to KsapTMpy 6bino He ysHaTb, tbkom 3to 6bin oSwck, 
BceM Aocranocb, aro caMO co6o^ XoannHa AOMa He 
6bino. noTOMy hto Qbin Ha yoopxe cnera. TaK hto 
noinnw k HeMy TyAa. AOCTanocb eMy nopBA«OM. m 
5opoAy eMy cocTpwrnM. Mw pacnMinanM cner ao eene- 
pa. KaK pa3 nana exan wa Kenbu, Kor^a HeMeu n 
KOMMTeT npMuinw k HaM. He npoBOA^nM TaKoro cTporo- 
ra oSbiCKa yxoAB. Benenm AaTb mm Ha ywMH ABe 
Kypnubi. a oahh wa KOMHTeTa Benen AaTt 6yrbinKy 

BOAKH npMUinOCb AaTb BOA^y M OAHy TOnbKO KypMLiy. 

TaK npoxoAMT AeHb 3a AHeM. scerfla e pacxOAax m 
TpeBore 

12 fpeepauR: nocne aaaxpaKa nomnM na y6opxy 
CHera. xotb hmkto naM He Benen, noTOMy hto ujocce 3a 
HOHb aaMeno ?l yaHan CTopowa «3 rMMHw. cnpoc«n 
ero, KyAa MAeT. a oh CKaaan, hto k crapocre c o6bBB- 
neHKBMM. Maca nepea ABa npMuien AepeseHCKMft cto- 
pow KaKoe-TO o6bBBneHMe npuSMBaTb. AaTOBOBce He 
odtseneHMe 6bino, a KapMKaTypa Ha eBpeee. Hapvtco- 






KAPTA' t*4J-44 IOCS 



4 3HAK BEAbl 



37 



BaH eepeS. xoTOpbiw npoBepTbiBaeT muco m b maco- 
pygxy njiaaeT xpbicy, flpyroii nbeT BOfly b Monoxo Ha 
TpeTbetf KapTMHtce npeflcraBneHeBpeft.KOTopwii tscto 
a KBauine Mecwr HoraMw. a MepBHxn nonaator no HeMy 
n onape. A 3amaBne y oStflBneHHfl Taxoe «Eape^ - 
3to o6MaHU4MK, tbom eAUHCTBeHHwti Bpar». a SHuay 
nanncaHO: 

Croft. MUTaft. CBHqeTerib mm/in ti 

KaKKMAw Hac o6cTynnfin, 

MonoKO BOflow pasSaBAT. 

B MflcopySicy xpwc Hasan»T 

CTaBRT recTo c nepBflxaMM 

MeCHT rpS3HblMH HoraMM. 

Korfla CTopox npw6nBan, to xax paa n\offy[ tunvi c 
pacHMCTKH to TaK CMesijiMCb, nroy MeHB ronoBa pasSo- 
nenacb ot toco no3opa. xaxoft eBpew b Hbmeuinne 
BpeMena nepexaiBaWT. flaw Bowe. mto6 3TOMy no3opy 
SwcTpeft npMtuen KOHeq. 

20 (peepafift: Plana own ceroflns b Kenbqax 
(lonyMnn KaproMXM Ha Myxy. ho To/ibKO nonHQpMbi. 

XOPOUJO H 3TO 

24 (peepaitft: CeroAHfl nana onaTb noexan b 
Ke/ibue y3HaTb o BbiceneHWM n Korfla npneawaTb 3a 
Myxoft F103AH0 sesepoM nana npwexan. cxasan, mto 
sasTpa efler 3a Myxoft nonyHwn raxxe 30 xwnorpaM- 
mob nosuAna h 1 5 xnnorpaMMOB caxapy Mbi paflOBa- 
Jivicb. noTOMy mto HHKorAa TaKMX npoAyKTOB He nony- 
Marei. ByAer xots 6w ajia xocpe Hanpacno mw paAO- 
BanMCfa, noTOMy mto see 3tq npoAasanocb, a ne pasAa- 
sanocb. noTOMy mto AeHbrw HyacHbi na xaxyto-TO 06- 
luyto qe/ib 

25 (peepanst: FIoa senep nana npwexan c Myxoft. 
Bcero ecTb 3 ueHTHepa Tonbxo Ha BwcenenHbix, a 

nweHUMHOM H6T BOBCe. 

27 (peepa/ia: Dana 6wn ceroAHfl b KenbLiax ys- 
naTb BbiceneHUM, Hernia rin oTnowwTb sto Bbicene- 
Hue na AepeBeHt xotr 6bt Ha ABa Mecnya Ho Himero 
we ycTponn, noTOMy mto ace Oywarw noAnncaH« cTa- 
pocroft na BwceneHiie Eiye ecTb HeMnoro naAej^qbi 
Ha oTcpoMKy nana AoroBopwncfl c npeACeAaTeneM «3 
flaneur, hto ecnw npntuneT 3aBTpa nocbinbHoro, to 
Mbi ocraeMcw Ha MecTe. a ecnw neT. to BbicenRTnac b 
BertHHw Tot npeAceAaronb o6eiAan AoroeopnTbcs b 
crapocTaTe, nana eMy ocTaBmi Ha 3to Aewer Mbi 
coMHeBarmcb. yx SonbHO Mario BpeiweHH octanocb na 
3T0. a BO-BTopt>ix. Syiwara y»e ocTanoCb TonbKO ot- 
npaBMTb b CoBeTCTapewujMH espeeB Maiwa cxaaana. 
mto Mbt noeAeM e BoAaeHTbin k TeTe nana paccKa3an. 
mto a Apyrwx rMHHax Tax b HecKortbKMX eBpewcxnx 
AOMax Aon«HO noMecTMTbCfl 43 ceMwi M3 coceAHetS 
rvHHbi Towe 

28 (peepajm: C caMoro yTpa mw c HeTepnenneiw 
ow^Aanw nocnaHua. ho oh He nptiujert Mw ywe nono- 
>XMnnCb Ha &0>KbK) MM/TOCTb, ko BceMy roTosu Bo 

STopoii nonoBKHe aha nana noiuen b BoAseHTbiH, 
cxaaan. mto ceroflHfl MnnaaeTpa npweAeT cTeneroiS3a 
aeiyaMH BenepoM nana npnexan c noABOAOvi. s no* 
wor saBecTH noiuaAb b capafi. a noTOM Mbi CTann 
roTOBHTb eemn ajih ynaKOBKH. Co6parm KapTouixy a 
MeiuKw npoB03tmncb ao 4acy homm, cnaTb MHe BOBce 
He xotenocb. OAHy xpoBaTb sce-Taxn nocTennnn. 



Mil 


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.mi " : una 



Kenbue neped oouhoO. CunazQea na yn. HogoaapuiascKoO 




Kocmen e npedeoenHOM Bod39Hmt-inB 



CnaTb hukto He no«nncfl. Bee ApeManw noTOMy mto 
nana b 3 Maca HaAO SbmoexaTb. Mw cgpaTOM npuner- 
rin neMHoro Ha xpoBaTu, Kax rpyannw aemn to ft BOBce 
He oibitijan C/ibiuja/i Tonbxo, xax Maiwa roBopwna, mto 
nana. xorAa Bbie3«an co ABOpa. to AtHLunoM yroAnn b 
cyrpo6 v\ Acmro Hasncs, noKa caHM BbiTonKHyn. 

1 Mapma: KorAa nana noexan, to mu see paaAy- 
Mbieann, CMaanftaonnoHAoexan. ft ctosiji bo ABOpe. 
a Tyr ocTaHOBuncn KaKOii-ro BenocuneAMCT n Aan mhs 
sanwexy na BoA3eHTt>tHa Mw OMeHb o6paAoaanncb. 
noTOMy mto Bee b nop«A«e. a nana npHAST x BBMepy. 
nana npMLuen cpa3y nocne o6eAa v\ cxa3an. mto tcthh 
wuneLi OMeHb ne xoMeT ctexaTb na oahow xoMHaTw 
DoKa mto nana cctinan xapToiuxy e noABart wn/ibi4a n 
3a6nn rB03AflMM. KpoBaTb Towe Taiw nocTaavtn 

3 Mapma: Dana noexan ceroAHfl b Keribye xynnTb 
noKapTOMxawnoBHAnoncaxap HoHenpnBe3. noTOMy 
mto He Obino noiuaAH. TonbKO b nuTHntiy npMBe3eT O 
BWceneHHn ne cxaaan HHMero HOBoro, 

5 Mapma: Abah us BoA3eHTbiHa nonpocnn nany 
xynHTb 1 14 3epHa. Kynwn ahr Hero w ceroAHB 0TBe3 
aaflft m Ann Hac 1 \ u xaproiuKH. Dana noexan cnoaa- 
paHxy, Mbi ywe He cnann Oxono 4-x npmuna OAHa 
MonoAan eBpevixa cnpocnTb coBera, noTOMy mto ohh 
OTAani* none CTapocTe, a Tenepb npwiien APyoii. 
SesseMenbHbiS, c 6ywaraMM ot tmuhw m xombt, hto6 
3enbMaH nx eMy noAnwcan. a Toro Her. noiuen s 
BennHb* Ona npniuna. noTOMy hto 3Hana, mto aHm" 
WAeT b BennHw, xoTena cxa3aTb, mto ee OTey npMAeT, 
ho ARAM y*e H e 6bino. Tot, mto k hum npvuuen, to He 



**• kgrt»offl 



38 



4 3HAX fiEW 



T7i< Ghetto Fighters House 




1 1 




Od«3 oa ynuu e Kenbite. sde 6b>/io semmo 



noSBonneTWM npoflaTbeonoMy, ceno. nasosMApyroe. 
KorAa flflAfl npmue/i to nana ywe npnexan flsAB 
roBopMn. hto waHAapMepMfl CK33ana, hto mowho ne- 
peeswaTb b BoflaeHTbiH. s flaneiunue m b BennHw. m 
Bee c cofiovi 3a6np3Tb mohcho. 

8 Mapma: npeAceAaTenb CoeeTa CtapeMLUMH 
npMcnan 3annacy. mto6 nana m Apyrwe npMiwiM a 
BentiHw, ceroAHn 6yAyr noASwpaTb espeflM xnnbe 
nana nowen m eme HecKonbKo nenoBeK Doa Benep 
Bee npMiunn OnpeAenn™ k KawAOMy eBpeio OAHy Mnw 
ABe ceMbu, ssbmcwt ot >KnnbH OflWH eBpeii pyrancfl c 
nanoM M3-aa nero-TO. ho noTOM npomemis npocwn. 
flana CKasan mto saBTpa noeAeT c oahom noABOAOvi B 

B0A36HTb)H. 

9 Mapma: Oahh xosbkh ssan ot Hac pasHwe 
Benin, HaM He Hy>KHb*e. o6eman sa 3to AaTb HbiHne 
noujaAb ft notuen c 6paT0M OAonwMTb caHM. npnBe3- 
m mx m cranw coSkipaib BeiAM MnaAwas cecTpa rawe 
noeAeT. Koraa caHn 6wnn ywe roTOBbi, b nowen cio- 
aaTb, HTo6npnxoAwicnowaAfciio.cpa3ynoexan. noc- 
ne o6eA3 npnexa/! nana 

10 Mapma: Pbhhhm yTpOM b nowen AQroBopwTb- 

CBMaCHeTJIOlUaAW CfOBOpMnCBCOAHMM MyWMKOM. OH 

B03bMeT K0fi-K3Kiie bciah us AOMy vi 3aBTpa noeAeT 
KorAa a npntuen aomom, to sacTan ABOtopOAHoro 6pa- 

Ta, KOTOpblM TOJlbKO MTO npnexa/1 H3 BOASSHTWHa. Do 

Aopore aomow, 3awen 3a weneanow neHKOfi, KOTopyio 
mw OAOnwMnw. BeAb xorAa noeAew, to hsm MOweT 
npnroAMTbCfl. B Haweii AepeaHe neT noMTM Harare kto 
6w Hac He wanen HeKOTOpbie Aawe ne xotbt nptiMTw 

K HSM. COBOpBT. MTO H3 MyWOe HBCMaCTbe ne XOTBT 

CMOTpeTb flBoiopoAHbiM 6paT nonpocnn MeHH no- 
exsTb c hum sa wbbmhom mswwhkom nepeA senepoM 
noexan c caHtcaMM Ha cshkm oh nonownn ctohhk ot 
M3LUMHKH m 7 4 q KSpTOLUKM, w s noexan aomom, a oh 
ocTanca n HaKa3an Mne eme pas npwexaTb. Kax 
npwexan, to ywvin own ywe totob. ft ysce He noujen. 
TonbKo 6p3T. nocne yxwHa co6panocb y Hac MHoro 
KpecTbftH, npHoinM nseecTHTb nac, noTOMy hto nac 
yxe ne 6yA©T Kate noAywan, mto hsao OTciOAa ye3- 
>KaTb. to npMiiinocb bo abop bwmth Tbk paennaKanen, 
mto cTOfln Sonbtue. neM '/, Maca. m nnaKan KorAa Myrb 
ycnoKonncfl. to b aom nouuen. fltOAw neMnoro paaouj- 
xincb. ocTanocb TonbKo ABoe, mto HaMepeHne HMenw 
KynwTb xneenK Oahh c otuom croBopnncs m Ha3aBTpa 
npMAeT pa36npaTb 



11 Mapma: EpaT BMecTe c ABOtopoAHWM 6paT0M 
noiuriH nopaHbiue b BoAseHTbtH Bosmhk npwexan o no- 
no 7-m. Mbi CTanw yKnaAbiaaTb Beu4M Ha cann Kor,qa 
B03HHK yexan. to b aomb CTano. ksk b TOHnene Tsk 
CAenanocb 3a HecKonbtco nacoB B AepeBwe, eenn mto 
noKynaeujb. to BcerAa fleiueBne oSowfleTcn, newi b 
ropoAe. a Tenepb HaAO sanacrncb npoAy^TaMn. noKa 
mw eu4e 3Aecb, noroMy mto nocne 6yAeT HaiMHoro 
TpyAHeSi Fl nouien c MaMoii k OAHOMy xosnuny paaAO- 
SbiTb HeMHoro ApOB vi eiqe mto yAacTCR ycTponTb 
noAetueane MawanpoAanaoflHofixosfliSKechcaTepTb 
TO»e sa npoAyKTbi. no Aopore mw B3«nn y Hee we 

HeMHOTO KapTOLUKM. npHLUnH Mbl AOMOM, 3 yjK T3M 

npMLunn xnesm paaSupaTb flOMa waiwa ocTsnacb. a b 
noiyen Aonr B3BTb, mto nonaranca sa crron. XneBMK 
HaManw pas6npaTb no3»e. noTOMy kbk He 6bino hhko- 
ro. KTo6bi mm noMor. H pasoBpan npMCTpOMKy k xneBM- 
Ky, T3K mto 6yAeT Ha HecKoribKO flHew neM TonMTb 
Mepes necKonbKo MacoB m cneAa ot xneBMKa He ocTa- 
nocb flowa CAenanocb oMewb nenanbHO 9\ ywe xoTen 
noctcopeii OTCKJAa yexsTb nocne ofieAa AflAf nanan 
bos b BenHHbi. w ywe bot-bot noeAyr. npoiyaHMe c 
hmmm 6bino OMeHb TRxenoe. ft noMor ewiy norpy3MTb 
ero no>KHTKM hs noABOfly. . HbiHeujHMvi BeMep 6bin 
OM6Hb THWenbtM HMKOfO ne 6bino, Torino b, MaMa m 
nana. 

12 Mapma: nana pa36yflnn Menn OMenb paHO, b 
BCTsn. a nana noiuen 6yA«Tb B03MMKa nans cpasy 
BepnyncB. cKa3an, mto B03MMKa AOMa BOBce HeT npM- 
aeTCB Tenepb jKAan* yTpa m naHBTb Koro-To Apyroro, a 
Beflb Bcero 4-k Mac Maiwa pacTonMna nenb, m mn 
CMAenw n rpe/iMCb ywe CBeTano. KaK kto*to nocTyMan 
b cxaBHM 3to Own tot bo3mmk, KOTOporo nana xoAnn 
6yAH"n>. CnpaiuMBan, noneMy nana ne npMxoAMT sa 
hmm. CK33an. hto 6AeT Mw o6paA0BanMCb, He HaAO 
6yA6T Koro-To Apyroro MCKaTb. Mw noABenw cshm m 
CTanM roTOBMTbCB k orbesAy . npMMepHo Mepes msc oh 
npMBen nouiaAb fl nepebiM nomen. oes noBBSKw 
KorAa BbixoA^n, to cnoss cKa3aTb ne Mor, tsk cepAue 
cmanocb. KMnoMeTpoa nBTb ujen caw ne ceovi, Aawe 
He noHMMan. mto TaK BbicTpo MAy. Bcto AOpory cshm 
AorHaTb Mens He Mornw. HAynn Aoporow, onenb 6oBn- 
Cfl, mto He Aa>i Bor kto hsc BCTpeTvrr, TorAS CnaBa 
Bory, AOexann CMacTnMBO KorAa ace pa3wecTMnM, to 
noaaBTpaKann nocne o6eAa nepeHecnvi Ha mopask 
pa3Ht>ie HenyiKHbie noxa bclah. mto b AOMe He npnro- 

ABTCB 

13 Mapma: Xorb mw TonbKO npMexanvi, ho He 
MywMe b BoA3eHTbiHe. KawAWM xopoiuo k hsm otho- 
cmtcb, ksk k SpaTbBM, Teie n Rnae w roeopHTb 
HeMero. 

16 uapma: B caoeM AOMe MHaMe 6bino. neM TyT. 
BcerAa HaxoAnnocb. mto AenaTb, a 3Aecb ButiAy na 
ynMuy h Ha3aA npMxowy, mto MHe na ynMue AenaTb. 
KorAa 6bin aomb. to kto-to CK333TI. hto b KpawHO 
y6nnn 4-x espeee, KOTopwe ujnM b crropoHy Kenbii. 
flaa MenoBexa TonbKO paneHbi uiTbiKOM. 3 abb. koto- 
pwe 6wnM MaTb h cwh, TaK y6nTw HacMepTb. Kor^a 
cnwiiiMtub nocTOBHHo t3kmx ywacax. to pasBe MOJK- 
HO wviTb 6e3 Tpesor w cookomho? KorAa TaKoe cnbt- 



KAPTA NB4i-*J 3005 



4 3HAK BEAbl 



39 



Luwiub, to nenoBeK nyfaeiCH. >KaHflapMepnB ceroAHfl 
npneawana, ho Bee Sbirto cnOKOWHO. CeroAHfl npnturiK 
3Ha«OMbie H3 KpaiiHO HeKOTOpwe npHiu/iM notOMy, 
hto 6oH/incb 6wTb raM, T3K ksk npKexana Kapaienb- 
Ha« 3KcneAHMHf 3a nocTSBKaMM. m tcawyio Manoctb 
aepna 3a6npaiOT, a ec/iM hbt ero, to 6bK»T wecTOKo n 
He CMOTpsrr, weniynna mjim MywnMHa. nana noiuen 
ceroAHB b KpattHO. Taw nepenonyeT, a 3aBTpa noefler 
b Kenbue. 

17 Mapma: Pa3Hwe Mbic/iM rpuxOflHT b ronosy 
ByaeT im y nanw noflniicaHHbJw nponycK, KOraa npn- 
eaeT, mw He SyaeT y nero noflnwcaHHoro nponycKa. 
OAoneBaiOT nHorfla Mbic/iw m aoBce 6es cMbsc/ia Ue- 
jiwm fleHb nany BbiCMaTpMean. V\ cnaTb ywe ner. a 
nanw Bee He 6wno, CKB03b coh ycjibuuan. mto nana 
eepHyncn, OAencn m awwen b tcyxHio. FlponycK nane 
noAnwcariM, BbinepKHyB 6ofl3eHTbiH. flewcTBHTejien 

TO/lbKO BO BTOpHMK H HflTHULiy TOJlbKO AO 1 Snpe/IH 

TanMM cnoco6oM nwraiOTCfl orpanvmnTb espeeB, mto6 
BOBce noyMnpanH ronoAHoii CMepTbto. KwnorpaMM 
sepHa ctomt yxe b EepeiicKOM paiioHe 9 3n. km/io- 
rpaMM KapTouuKM 3,20 3n, Ha TaKyio CTpaiunyto qeny 
Bbipocnn npoAOBonbCTBeHHbienpoAyKTbi. BOTTenepb 
SeAHoe cocnoBue noMpeT c ronoAy 

18 Mapma: CeroAHH 6bin KOMMTer, kotopwm noA- 
cenflex eBpewcKMeceMbMBAOMa nonpocTopnee. Hac 
TaioKe BcenMJivt k reTWHONiy WM/ibMy. Cnanana oh npo- 

TWBWDCfl, HO nOTOM npMUJnOCb nOA^MHMTbCfl, Mb) BCT3- 

Bunw LiiKacpMHK m see ywe 3flecb Aenaewi 

19 Mapma: Xoa«t ceroflHH KaKne-To cnyxM, mto b 
eocKpeceHbe AonwHW npwexaTb mecTb nocTos 
nofibCKOi* nonkiuMM M waHAapMepMs. Oahm TeepART, 
hto 6yAyT ycrpaMBaTb ooVsaBbt, APyrwe eme hto-to 

TOBOpRT, HO HWKTO HHMerO TOnKOM He 3H36T. K0H6HH0. 

He na apHrtqee ycTposT oB/iaBy, a na eBpeeB. Bcfw 
xoaht BCTpefloweHHbJM. Aywan, KyAa 6w cnpjrraTbcn m 
Ham-u 6e3onacHoe Mecro. fla pasBe we-nnGynt, mo>k- 
ho 4yscTB0BaTb ce6s b 6e3onacHOCTM, neT TaKoro 
Mecra BOBce 

22 Mapma: HacTsno ywce 3to TpeBOWHoe BOCKpe- 
cenbe. >KaHAapMepnn w no/iHMMfl npwexanH, ho He na 
oSnasy. Mw ne 3HaeM, saneiw ohm npuexa/w B y)Kac- 
hom TpeBore wAann mw 4ero-TO, csmh He 3Hafl nero ?) 
to m Aeno BbixoAnn aa BopOTa, ho Tax thxo BcioAy, 
anoBHo Bee Bbiwep™. Tonbtco )K3HAapMbi npoxa)KMBa- 
DMCb. Ctoh 3a BopoTaMn, yanan. ^rro AenaroT o6wck y 
espees Ha ynnL4y ne OTBa>KnncH bwmtm KorAa CAena- 
™ o6biCK y HecKoribxnx eBpeea m Hauinn paaHbie 
Toaapw, to oahm waHAapMbt yexanw, 3 APy^e eiye 
ocTanncb. noHCKaB ei^e okoho naca. vt ohm yexanw. y 
koto HamriM npunpRTaHHbiM Toeap, Toro OTBenM b 
apeci KoH0ncKOBaHHbieTOBapbt3a6panM b rpy30Bn« 
m, 6es npoBO^OHKM, Ha3aA noexa/m ApecTOBaHHbix 
saSpariM b SenMHw 

23 Mapma: nana noti/en b KpafiHo B3«Tb npMnn- 
TaraoiMecR HaM Kotf-KatcMe AeHbm. Mb) Bee o^enb Bon- 
HOBanMCb. pa3AyMbiBan. yAanocb n* ewiy cnacT/iMBO 
floGpaTbcq M b 3tmx pasAyMbnx HeMsaecTHo cKonbKO 
BpeMeHH npoiujio. 

24 Mapma: Tna3a npor/inAenn, Becb A6Hb nany 
BwcMaTpMBafl, ho oh He npMuieri fl y«e cnaib ner KaK 



Art-" HrrujftdsM & dwu. kt-ksrt me if 
dh j^*U' £ iffy tnirlxy ,Zz*> *- rj^' h 

x fide ft <ttf<**> /wq/BV-i-r. 

k$ t jHtJuvxi, mft./ijO' x*frlm, I'Jt * *<&&' 
,&&fty mJaatc * - 



kto-to ct<33an, hto nana npMiueri. 7\ oAe/icn cpa3y m 
noiuen b APyryio KOMHaTy. flopora npoiuna y Hero 
6/iarononyHHO. nana Kynwri 1 14 ioptolukm, ho TonbKO 
b nHTHMLiy npMBe3yr. 

27 Mapma: C cawtoro yipa npnexa/i KpecTbflHMH 
c KapTOWKOfc, a a notuen KynMTb Ann 3Toro KpecTbWHM- 
na neMHoro ntonwHa BbiMAa hs yniA^y. cMOTpw, a Tyr 
nioAM 6eryT KyA3-T0. s TO)Ke noOewsn m noKa 6ewan, 
y3Han, hto Te apecToeaHHbie eepew BosapamaroTCfl. 
no Aopore HMxoro He BCTpeTwn. noTOMy ^ito ohm y«e 
nowrw aomom. TaK mto fl nowen k hmm PaAOCTb 6bina 
TaKas. 4to ne onMcaTb. B aom cronbKo HapOAy Ha6M- 
/locb. hto ne noBepnyTbCH. KorAa Bee y>Ke npmunM, to 
ohm CKasa/iM. mto OAHOro sacTpenMnw, notOMy hto hm 
b neM He xoTen npM3H3Tbc» 

28 Mapma: OAnoro HecMacTbn Mano, HecxonbKO 

MX AOfDKHO COMTMCb, M TOrA3 npMA3BfiT MeDOBeKa 

Mano Toro, hto uu MsmanHMKii. mto Bee oSHwmanM, 
TaK eme ceroAHH aaviOK c capaa kto-to c6Mn m yxpaAe- 
ho ace, mto TaM Qbtno. ripoCHyBUJMCb, ycJibiuian. KaK 
reiH roBopMT, mto nac oSoKpartM H Haaen mto nonano 
n BbiLuen. 3a6panvt M3 capas Tpex rycetf. ABa HaiiiM « 
oAMHAflflHH. 15 Kr3epHa. SKTMyKM m 86yxaHOKxxie6a. 
Oamh TonbKO rycb 6bifi ABflMH, 3 Bee ocTa/ibHoe Hauie 
npM HameM KpMTMMecKOM no/io«eHnm TonbKO 3Toro 
HecMacTbH HeAocraBano M Bee. mo TonbKO y Hac 
6wno, Bee yKpaaeHo, HeocTanocb m Kyc«a xne6a fl ne 
Mory coB/iaAaxb c coSom. TaK paccrpoMncn m cnoBa 
cKasaTb He Mor, TaK MHe cepAMe crvtcHyno. CoceA 
CKassn, mto nenero ronocMTb. ot 3Toro HMKaKoro npo- 
«y. hsao hto-to AenaTb A np« Bcevi 3tom citene 6wti 
oamh nenoBeK «3 rinoLiKa TeT« CKa33na, hto oh HOHbto 

{npodonxemie na cmp. 42) 



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Ho bo*hu 34% us 665000 wnTe/isa {1oa3k eocTaenarm eepen. uto A«nano JlOASb oak** ho tipynneMUJHx qenrpoa eepeftctcOH 
xyflbTypbi e nontiiie 8 ceHTuBpfl 1939 r HeMma OKKyrmpoaanH JlOASb 8 (Jjeaparn 1940 r rerro a JToa3m Owrro o$Mui*anbMo 
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nponotoflnnaMe)«Ay!iMBapeMMHaeMl942roAa, aaieM pflA noc/iefly»mwx "enopTaunii b XenMHO m Apyrwe /larepa. a 1 ceM-m6pH 
1944 rofla oho 6bi.no OKOHMarejibHo jiKKBHAMpoaaHO 



www Kjrta G'Q 



42 



4 3HAK bEflbl 






BWLiien « 6wn coynacTHMKOM. ho tot QTHexHBanCfl H 
cxaaan. htoo" math k ero 6paTy, MoweT KaKotf c/ie,q 
HaivieTcn. Dana n ABOtopoAHbifi 6paT cpasy nouinw, 
BCKopocTM eepnyjivtcb. cnefl ecTb, ot<ono AOMa nonno 
kpqbh Mbi ace cpaay we Ty,qa nouinw. CHanana enyc- 

TMTb H3C He XOTen, TO/lbKO C nonHLlHeH, HO Mbi BOltiDiA, 

w cpasy y nopora neacan xne6. flpyrwx flOKasarenbCTB 
n He hsao 6bino. ToBOpuM eMy. QTflaeati ryceii. 3epHO. 
Myxy. KOTopwe B3fui TO/ibKO hto. Oh ne OTnnpancH. see 
BepHyn HaSewano MHoro Hapooy. bcsk xoteh no- 
GMOTpeTb. KorflaMbi BceflOMOw npuHec™. TOKawflbiw 
3TOMy 6bin pafl. flByx ByxanoK He xBaTaeT, a ryon ywe 
ne)KMBb)e. fl eme pa3 c 6a6yiMoii k HeMy cxoawi m 
B3H/1H nasaA OKO/io KMJiorpeMMa xxie6a Becb ropOA 
ywe 3Haei 06 3Tofi Kpaxe B nonMuwio Mbi He 3a^Bnnw. 
He xorenw ws-aa aroro iuyM noAHHwaTb, Torino coofr- 
tAwna b EBpeftcxitft cob6t. Kto-to fxan 3H3Tb b nomt- 
uwo, m flBwnocb Asoe nonwueMCKHx. nana hb eenen 
nucaTb npoTOKon, TonbKO Aan 25 an. HTo6bi inyMy He 
Obino, seflb ootom boskc* MoryT roaopMTb. 

29 Mapma: CeroflHH npwwen oahh HenoBex. y 
KOToporo nponana 6aAbfl, v\ on03Han ee y Toro *e 
Bopa. Dotom ewe HecKOiibKo nenoBex k Heiwy npwxo- 

AMJ1H, HO HMMerO He HatUDH 

2 anpa/iR: Honbto npnexana waHAapMepus v\ 
oSpaTHO saSpana Tex, Koro paHbiue OTnyeninH, vt 
Abomx hobwx B uecTesKe CHoea nanwxa cAena/iacb. 
Okojio 11-m fl nowen nocMOTpefb. Kan mx Be3yr e 
EenwHbi. KaxAbitf exan Ha OTAeflbHOM noABOAe, a 
oxono Hero nonwueviCKHft. 

5 anpe/jR: CeroAHS xoabt cnyxw. hto OAHoro via 

3THX B3flTb(X SaCTpenirtnM, a OCTanbHWX OTTIpaBHPH B 

KenbLie. 

6 anpenst: yrpOM npwexan opyin nenosex ms Be- 
riMH m exa3an, hto npasAy BMepa roBopn/iw, oahofo Ha 
caMOM Aene 3acTpenwnn >KeHa h poflHwe 06 3tom 

6Li;e HH^erO He 3H3IOT. aKaKy3HatOT, BOT6yAeTKpHK... 

FlonoKeHne HaweAenb otoahh ace xy«e KatcoAHoro 
B03bMyT. to oh AecsTepwx APyrux BbiAacr n Bee 6onb- 
we niOAew cxoaut b Momny. 

10 anpejjft: B3Rnrt My»ca m weHy. mto Hanpome 
wvt^M, a ABoe AeTeii ocTanncb. OngTb cnyx aoxoaht, 
hto otlo 3ti^x AeTew 3acTpe/i«/in AByMJi ahsmh paHb- 
iue. 3 Be^epoM ee Bbiaesnw b Keribue Tfl«eno 60/ib- 
Hyio >KaHAapMepnfl. kbk 6wna b CnynHe. aaSpana 
Tpex eBpees, 3 a BenwHax c hmmm pacnpaBtiniicb 
(HCHoe fleno, He MHa^e. Kax 6wnn y6wTbi). B 3tmx 
BenktHax w enpRUb MHoro yxe eepeiicKOH kpobm 
nponnTo. HacTosatMM eBpeticKMM K/iaASwu4eM Benvt- 
hw CTanw M KorAS TO/ibxo npwAeT Koneq 3TOMy crpsiu- 
HOMy KpoBonponMTMK). Ecnn Tax flonro 6yAeT, to ot 
OAHoro ywaca ntopyi BbiwpyT nax Myxw npntuen k hbm 
KpecrbfiHMH us KpatiHO <a paccKaaan, hto AOHKy Hame- 
ro GbiBiiiero coceAa 3acTpentiriM. noTOMy hto nocne 
ceMM tuna Mne He BepirrcR, ho Bee woxceT 6wTb. y» 
szm TaKyio AesytuKy. Ka« UBeTOK, y6MTb Momn, tsk 
3to yx HaBepHHKa HacrraHeT Koneu cseTa M aha HeT 
b cnoKOMCTBMw HepBw ywe coBceM paccTpoenw, a xaic 
npocnwiuy o kskom HecnacTbe, tbk ma3a Ha no6 ne3yT 
vi ronoBa pacicanbJBaeTCR, m Toraa s tskoiS K3MyMeH- 
hwS. K3K noc/re caMow TsmenoiS pa6oTbi C KaxflbiM 



rax, He Tonbxo co mhoA Mano toto, hto b Ty eoiiHy 
Ka33KM y6n/in nsnMHoro OTqa, « oh npn stom Own h 
HBTepnencs CTpaxy. a 6bi/io eMy TorAa 1 1 rieT. Tax 
Tenepb. K3K Hewqa /bhaut to 6w b u^e/ib 3a5nncn. 
TSKOfi nepBHwii 

12 anpena: CerOAHH HOHbto yBenn KOpOBy y Ofl- 
Horo xoanwHa rtonnuMB cpaay cneACTBMe nanana 
YcTponnn o6wck y oflnoro eepen H3 nnoiiKa m hsiuhh 
y Hero HecxonbKO KopoBbHX \n TertfiMbwx Luxyp, a ero 
c3Moro cpasy saSpanki. y wsHflspMepuwi aaBTpa y» 
6yA6T neM 3aHHTbcs.. 

13 anpenn: HaujM coceflM npmujw ceroAHH cxa- 
33Tb. HTo6yAyTLiJKa(p3a6iipaTb. M xopoiuo Mbiero ne 
xoTeriM. Tenepb 6yAeT nonpocTOpHeii. ECTb neMy pa- 
AOBaTbCfi. tsm mw ocraBn^M neTbipe noMeuteHWH, a 
3Aecb Tatcoti Menonn paAyeMcn, ho hto noAenaTb, He 
MN oahh b nsmaHHH. a eme AecFrrxn Tbicnn ntOA©^ 
nocne o6eAa paaoSpann luk30 Ha Mecro LUKacpa mw 
nocraBM/iH nyxoHHbiii CTon, Syfler HeMworo yAOBHee. 
Tenepb TonbKO nocTaanTb nenypxy. m see 6yA6T nyib 
nynuie. liana croBopuncn c oahum Kynnib HeMHoro 
MyKM. m 6yAeM xne6 nesb Ha npoAa)Ky V Toro ecTb 
oonbiuafl nenb, n raw Sy^eM ewnexaTb 

14 anpena: Cpa3y we yTpoM q ysnan, hto jksh- 
AapwepnH npnexana n AenaioT oSwcx y espeeB a 
Tponx M3 oflHoro AOMa 3a6pann Tenepb AenaioToQbicK 
y Apymx y oflnoro nopTHoro Hauinw oneHb MHoro 
Toeapa a^b nepenpoAawH h 6onbiue ABaAMaTM aaKO- 
nancKMX obhmh. ero cpasy 3a6pann CAenanw 06WCK y 
mho™x espees \a eannn MHoro TosapoB Caenann 
o6wck y cocefla, B3nnn Bee ero MMymecTBo. Aa*e 
rpn3Hoe Senbe. oaexAy. Houjenyio. Towe 3a6pann 
B3«nn eeiUM, KOTopwe bobcs ne #rm npoflawn 6binn 
Mbi nepenoJiomn/iMCb. hto6 nenapoKOM x waM ne npw- 
lujim nana Bbiwen H3 AOMy. ho ece psbho 60MMcn. 
xoTb Hkwero y nac hot. npaBAa y as»ah noe-nero h 
Haiunocb 6w. Ho, cnaas Bory, ot coceAa BNiunn, a k 
hsm hb npvtuinn Cn/in AOMa. 9 yBMAen, hto npoiuen 
nonnMeMCKi*^, a k Teie kto-to Boiuen. H Bwiuen cpa3y 
Ha Kpwnbijo m ycnbiLuan. hto y Te™ hcmliw , a no/inueft- 
ckmm npoiuen nepes asop CepflLie y MeHji 33CTyH3no 
KaK wonoT flowoii yjxe He 3axoAwn, a noiuen noTn- 
xoHbicy no ynnue. floBepHyB b SoxoByio ynonxy, a 
ysn,qen. hto yme noAHHMatorcR na nepAaK. rosopto 
oro! - ywe n Ty ManocTb 3epH3. hto y Hac ecTb, 
3a6epyT, ywe w He >KAan, hto Aanbiue craneT, TonbKO 
noujen Aanbuje noBcrpenan nany. a oh ywe 3Han, hto 
npuLunM. Cma« AOMa y oflnoro 3HaKOMoro. fl Ay Man. 
hto TaM w cneAa oto scero He ocTanocb. M TyT npumen 
ABOiopOAHbi^ 6paT vt cx33an. hto ero 6paTa saSpanw h 
BtiAen. xatc cnwMatOT BenocuneAHyro paMy, a Bojibwe 
hhhbto ne BMAen MHe eme Tpeeownee cTano. xorAa 
ycfibiiuan. hto H3 poahu «oro-TO B3Hiin flBOK3poAHbi<i 
6paT 3annaKan. SyAyr TaM toto 6nTb, 6yA6T CHOCHTb 
TaKMe CTpaiuHwe Myxw. R nocnan ©Any fleBOHKy ya- 
H3Tb, hto TaM cnwiuHo. h HaM paccKa33Tb. BcKope ona 
npntuna w c«a3ana. hto ohm eme TaM w nuiuyT npoTo- 
Kon, TorAa ABorapoAHbiM 6paT caM nomen pasysnaTb, 
Mepea HecxonbKO mhh/t Bepnyncn h cxasan. hto Hwne- 
ro He B3snM, KpoMe aenocuneAa n naTH MeTpoa M3Te- 
Pmm y cecrpbt fl m nana cpasy noiu;in aomoS floMa 



KAPTA- W43-M MdS 



4 3hax m 



ewno no/iHo napoAy Bee 6n/io paaBpocano, Tenepb 

yonpann, Ha^anwcb B3anMHbie paccxasw KaxcAbitf 
paccKa3WBan, b Kaxoti TpeBore u yxace WAa/i noKa 

KOHHWTCfi, MTo6MflTMAOMO^. Te SKaHflapMbl, 4TOfl6Jia- 

rin o6bicK. T3K Benn ce6n oneHb sexuinBO Aawe hh Ha 
KOro He KpuKHynn KorAa B KsapTVtpe HHnero He HaumH 
to noAnnn«cb Ha nepAax. Ha nepAaxe yBMAe/iw Beno- 
cnneA H y>° P aM y * Benenn ee CHecrw. enpoeww. rfle 
ocranbHbte nac™, oh CKa3an, hto noKpuiuKU w KaMepw 
Ha ApyroM nepAaxe. a Koneca y cecrpw rioKpuLUKH 
Benenn cHec™ m HTo6bi c hhmh noujen k cecipe aa 
KonecaMM, KorAa npww/iw k ero cecTpe, to ycTponnn 
TiyaTeribHbJM o6wck. Bsnnw y Hee HecxonbKO nap 6piOK. 
oTpes Ha koctkjm n eme Hecxo/ibxo xycxoB MaTepwH 
3aK0HHHB o&bJCK. Bepnynncb B3«Tb paiwy no aopore 
ABOKjpOAHbiH 6paT npoewn mx, hto6 xoTb cecTpe OTAa- 
jiw Ty MaTepuro 3a6panw TonbKo senocuneA, ne 3a6- 
pann, a sannaTunw 3a Hero 80 an. m AsotopoAHbiti 6paT 
AonweH 6wn AaTb pacnwcKy Y cecTpw we ee Bemw He 
saSpam. xpoMe 5 m. KOTopwe AonwHbi 6wnn B3Jm>, h 
noTepb npn4MHMnn Ha 1500 zn. Korfla we y scex 
KOHMH/iM o6wck. npMexanM noABOAw 3a aTMMTosapoM 
3T0TToaap rpy3nnn HecKODbKO^acoB. fl cMOTpen. xax 
3TOT 0603 TporaeTcn. 5 Tener 6wfio pasnoro TOBapa 1 
npoe3)KaB mhmo Hac, oAHa Tenera aaAep^anacb. oc- 
TanbHbie hbt. KOrAa neMeq BWcrpenM/i, to a Aywan. 
hto ywe Tpyn Ha Aopore, ho HWHero He 6bi/io. a oh 
crpenftn, hto6 Tenerw ocTaHOBnnncb. Tot nopTHofi, y 
KOTOporooBHHHbi3a6pa/iM, TOTaKOiino6MTbiH. cmhakm 
Ha nuLie, nnuo onyxno. ct*Aen na Tenere. xax MyMMR. 
B EenMHbJ 3a6pann ToribKO Tponx, a ocTa/ibHwx oTny- 
CTtuifi. 3a6pann Toro. y KOToporo obhhhw 6wjim. ero 
wenyTOwe. B Mecrenxe Tenepb ywacnoe nacTpoeHne. 
BeAb naAO we. hto6 nocTOHHHO SbiJiM o6wcxn y eBpeeB 
w BcerAa HaxoAflT TOBapw atw npoAawu. 

15 anpena: PanHHM yrpoM npmuan noCbuibHbifi 

H3 Be/IMH. MT06bl npHSeSDM HeCKO/lbKO TbICflH 3nOTb!X. 

TorAa mx BbinycTm- Cpaay noABOAa noexana, 3tot 
nocwnbHWM ei4e CKa3an, 4T0 ahas nonynMn nponycK 
Ha HeAe/no a BoA3eHTbtH m Kpawno y3Hanw uu xopo- 
tiiee n3BeCTne. 4T0 KorAa roBOpunn, 6yAT0Ty A6ByiUKy 
3acTpennnn. ian 3to Henpasaa CeroAHH mu y3Hann 
HOBocTw nonymue BnepaiuHMx. nana eme roBOpwn. 
mto nponycKOB 6orrbiue AasaTb He 5yAyr. a npoAytcrbi 
6yAyr nocbinaTb no no^Te. 

16 anpenti: CeroAHfl OTnpaemiacb noABOAa aa 
TeMH. KOTopbfx 3a6pann. Ka>KAbttf HerepneriHBo jkabt, 
^to6 no6wcTpeS npnexanii. B3flnn n noaapKOe wan- 
AapMaM 3a Ty Mnnocrb. 4to 3tmm ntOAflM CAenann. 
noA Benep nptim/ia oneHb Hexopoiuafl BecTb. Kto-to 
ctcasan, htots, tcroyTpoM c stmmh noAapxaMM noexan, 
TaKOHwapecTOBaHbi n HenasecTHoaa hto. He tca>KAbiM 
©me 3HaeT 06 3tom, ho mokbt sto k npaBAa BeAb 
HbiH^e ace MoweT cnynnTbCH. KorAa mw tbk pasrosa- 
pMBariM. to a yBnAen. mto Ta noABOAa yme npnexana. 
Mw noiiinw noCucTpew pasyanaTb. Haiu coceA towe 
6wn a BennHax. Tax cxaaan. hto «x He BbinycTfiT, 
To^bKo6bJ^a 3to KaKaji-To KOM6nHaunfl. a Kaxan Hen3- 
aecTHo. Oh cxa3an eiAe. mo tot nopTHO^. y KOToporo 

OBMMHW HatlJJIM. TaK M0W6T y>Ke y6WT. Mbl 3AeCb paAO- 

BanHCb, hto mx OTnycTsn'. a ryr Ha Teoe. Kax TOJibxo 



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trnuB rir «— J «■*■ «a>M > Irt 



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Ml UUlHb(VIHU)W AM •» Muilrt, W* I'.I.U 






> * Tn IUIm I 

J ■ maw i efr ] 
(tbSMbwk 



lli«l|>lM*IN 

u HHkaiM* 

i l« hl» (ut* tell 



1 v» »«u 



hBOlft, <• U* Ulw »U liminl taHill lltllr^llll llUltK 

. iiii nun i 




YnmepujmypM&iopep CC doxmop weduyuww MM<t>ped 

36epn doKnadweaem; <r/7saept> Tpe6nunK3 6ydem somoe « 

aeody e deucmeue 11 07 42» /JOKyueHm uj apxuea 

Bapuiaabi u Bapwaecttoso eoeeodcenea 

rtOflBMTCR xoTb caMasi Ma/iafi HaAe>KAa. Kax Tonbxo 
3acBeTMT Ann Hac ManTOceHbKMM oroneK. TaK cpaay 
HaABUHeTCfl KaKafl-Hn6yAb rpoaa m BceMy ronea y 
roro nop-moro ocTanocb ceMepo Aeteii, hto Tenepb 

3TMM CeAHblM CHDOTaM AenaTb. TOTTOBap. HTOMMe^M, 

B3RT y hmx. OTtia 3a6panw, a cewnac eu^e BennT. hto6 
waTb «Bn/iacb a ynacTox. Bowe ynacn. hto 3tm waseprn 

BblTBOpRKJT C JllOAbMtt 

18 anpe/in: CeroAHn Taxan noroaa. Kaxovi asb- 
HbiM-AaBHO He 6bino. Bot eonn 6 Tonbxo 6b(/ia cbo6o- 
Aa. to ace Sbino 6 xopoiuo. A TaK Henb3B Aa«e abiii™ 
K3 ropoAa Mb) renepb a neBone, xaK co6axa Ha uenn 
HanpoTMB Hac ocTanocb ABoe wianoneTHiix AeyePi, a 
poAMTenew 3a6pann, a no ApyroM CTopone Mywa aa6- 
panw, KaKBarnflHeiiJbHa uxokhb, tobmaho, HTOTpayp, 
06 3TOM bchk yw 3anaMSTOBan. Tenepb y* hobba 
6eAa m Hosan TeMa a^« paarosopa. KyAa hm nowAetub, 
to Tin b AOMe. to nv\ b KOCJDeviHe m Apy™x MecTax, 
TonbKO n pasroBopy o tom. cxonbKo y Toro 3a6pann, a 

CKO/lbKO y 3TOrO H TA W T.A. CHAMM Ce6e CnOKOMHO. 

oSeAaeM, a Tyr npuxoAMT nonnueMCKHM c TpeooaaHn- 
eM nnaTMTb 1 50 3/i uiTpacpa 3a tot nowon sepna, eLAe 
us KpatiHO, m to 6e3 npoMeAfieHHfl. a ecnii HeAenbra- 
mh. to 18 flneii apetrra 3Aecb. na MecTe MaMa cpasy 
noiuna b ynacrroK, KOweHAaHT cxasan. hto6 aannaTHTb 
KpaHHidfl cpoK ao noHeaenbHUKa Mu m He HaAeflni/icb. 

HTO HaC 3TO MMHyeT. HO B6Ab TpyAHO B HWHetUHUe 

KpHTunecKne BpeMeHa ewnowMTb 1 50 an. 

19 anpert»: npMujno naeecTMe M3 Keribti, hto 
natuy coceAKy eu\s ceroAHR BbinycTAT a ero eme b 
Be/iMHax y6nnM. Dana noacTpenan ceroAHR OAHOro 



*m kartaorg 



44 



4 3HAK BEJlbl 



espen m EennH. kotopum To/ibtto hto Bwexan orryAa. 
Tax tot CKasan. hto BUflencn c flRAew. Bee 3flopOBbt. 
Tosopun. hto npoAyKTw TaM HaMHoro AeweBne. neM 
aflecb ripoxoflH cnyMaiiHo no ynmje. h ysuflen, hto Te 
M3 nriOMKa TonnHTcn b KaKOM-To wecTe. y3Han. hto 
nonynaioT 3flecb o6efl nacTHbiM oSpaaoM. To/men, 
KawAWH xoneT 6biTb nepsbiM. HTo6bi nonyMMTb 3™ flBe 
KapTocpennHbt c boaom BwAen TaioKe ceroAHfl. kbk 
pa3flaK3T o6eA b KyxHe. OflMH roeopwn. hto nonaraer- 
cs ewy Ha 3 nenoBeKa, noneMy we nonynnn Ha 2 m t.a. 

20 anpenn: CeroflHfl mw arranM paHO noTOMy 

HTO H3fl0 OflHOMy HenOBfiKy CMOJIOTb HCMHOrO P>KM K 

BOCbMK ywe CMononvs Dana noujen Ha OKpanny, mo- 
weT yflacTCR MTO-Hn6yflb KyntiTb BcKope npniuen 6paT 
id CKa3an, hto waHAspwepHH e^eT cpaay we Bee 3acy- 
eTiinncb H noiuen y6paTb wepHoea KorAa waHAapMbi 
npnexanw to c hmmm men tot napeHb. KOTOpbifi o6bh- 
HFin a^AK* sa senocwneA v> npMxoAMn k hum. A Tenepb 
uien Koro-TO Apyroro oSsMHSTb. Dana co6npancfl math 
tot urrpacp ynnaTMTb. ho He noujen, noTOMy hto TaM 
Tenepb waHAapiww FIotom sawen nonKu.eMCKMM, m 
ewy Mbi 3annaTHJin Mb* ce&e ne MOwew Aawe Mertonn 
nosBonwTb, a 3A©Cb npwxoflirrcR CToribKO Aener nna- 
THTb, ecru* 6 xoTb rfle-To 3apa6oTaTb mowho 6wno. Ha 
tot ujTpacp npnaeTCa npOAaTb hto-to m3 0Ae*Abi 
TaKne HacTann Tswenwe epeMena. hto npuxoAurca 
npoAaaaTb cboh seLMn. Koiopwe TswenwM TpyAOM 
AariMCb ho HMKyAa He AeweuJbCR , cnaBa Bory ecxb 
hto npoAaTb 

21 anpenn: Vtpom noexana noABOAa 33 tom 
coceAKOft. A fl A fl npoAan ceroflHB naso3. n npnexan 
KpecTbSHHH aaSpaTb ero. KaK pas, KorAa KpecTbSHHH 
eroBbifioann. Hanana xoAHTbKOMMCCMS. KOTOpan npo- 
BepneT nopRAOK. KorAa npMUina bo ABop. to aw 
npumnocb 3annaTi/m> 20 3/1 WTpacpy, noTOMy hto cpOK 
6bin ao 18 bo ABope ySpaTb. ft ywe He cnwuian, KaK 
coceflKa npuexana. 6bino ywe 1 1 KaK npnexana 

22 anpenrt: Ma Ma Bbiujna HTO-HMeyAb ysnaTb ot 
nee riyniue He nucaTb. nepe3 kskmb nwTKM ona npo- 
ujna BMecTe c Mywew, ona xoTb wnaa, a oh... 

24anpenn: KorAa mw npn6bi™ s BOA36HTWH. to 
6bmn y Hac KoS-KaKMe AeHbrM. 6onbtuoro KannTa/ia He 
©bino. noHTH Bee ywe norpaTnnn, a Tenepb ynnaTnrin 
3TOT iiiTpa0, TaK hto KOHeu hm npMLuen MaMa abipy- 
HMJia ot npoAa>KH neMHoro Aener. A3 pasBe HaAonro 
xeaTMT. Bo/ibiuMx pacxoAos hbt. as BeAb Tenepb Ha 
Jiio6ort nycT^K HywHbi cothh, nanpHMep, caxapKH. 
TaKSH MeriOHb, to paHbiue cto niTyK ctohhk 70 rp,, a 
Tenepb utryKa 1 rp , TaK hto na oamh caxapnH HaAO 
OKO/10 AByx anoTbix a AeHb, a KpoMe caxaptiHa pasee 
Hunero ne HyKHO 7 a pa3Be sapaSaTWBaeujb Ha ece 
aro? HaAonro m xeaTvrr Bemw M3 Aowy npoflaBaTbi 1 
flaii BojKe, hto6 bomh3 noCKOpeii KOHnnnacb ecnn 
eme npoAnnTcn, noHTM hmkto hb BwAepJKMT tskom 
HCeCTOKOM BOMHbl w ywacHbix wiyneHUM. 

26 anpena: Chah aoms a ycnbiiuaji BpOAe ronoc 
AfiA^ m TyT A*W bxoawt Mbt H6 >KAann. hto AfAfl 
ceroAHfl npnAeT. Oh cpasy CKasan. hto npHHec A"f 
nanbi nponycK mw oneHb 3T0My o6p3AOBannct> nana 
v\ TaK co6npancfi hath b Kpawno, a Tenepb xoTb npo- 
nycK y Hero 6yAeT. Abas noLuen b ropOA HTo-Hn6yAb 



KynMTb. KorAa a«Ab npMLuen M3 ropOAa. to cpasy bw- 
tuen c nanofi He SyAeM xoTb tsk soriHOBSTbCfl 

27 anpeitfi; npmue/i k hsm c caMoro yrpa npeA- 
ceAaTerib EspeiicKoro coseTa us BertHH n CKaaan, hto 
nana npncna,n trapToujtcy M3 KpaiiHO. ft nooien cp33y ee 
saSpaTb. HeMHoro 6biJio, Bcero 25 Kr (locne oBeaa 
nana npwiuen n Benen HaM hath 3a sepHOM, noTOMy 
HTOoCTaBHneroyoAHOroeepea KorAa mu npHHecnw. 
to nana CKasan, hto sto to nsiue sepHO, KOTopoe mw 
ocTaBHnu b AepeBHe. r\p\tuien k hbm oahh eepew 
cnpocMTb. He npuMeM nn 3epno b noMon ft cpasy c 
hhm noujen m nptmec 1 5 Kr 3epHa. K Benepy ywe 6bino 
totobo. HeMano TpyAa B*io>KWTb HaAO. noKa cweneuib. 
Aa BBAt HeT Apyrwx sapaSoTKOB- hto6 stum npene5- 
penb. BeA>> He nepBbtft pa3 wono/in MenkiM Kasyibiw 
AeHb c yTpa ao Benepa. flpn TaKow TRwerton pa6oTe, 
KaKOH 4 HenoBe«a saHRTbi. to Sonbiue 30 sn ne 3apa- 
6oT3Tb ripownow HOHbio 6bino orpaSneHwe 8 ycaAb- 
6e, a cerOAHB cpeAb Sena ah a b 3AeLUHeM OanKe 
C006114H/1H no TenespoHy b waHAapiviepMio, TaK npH- 
eAyr saBTpa. 

28 anpejw: ft h nana nooinvi Ha paccaeTe e 
KpaiiHO. no AOpce AOfHana Hac noABOAa. v. mw na 
new noexariH KorAa mw exam, to MHe Kasanocb, hto 
eAy AOMOH Ckopo coBcew pa3MeHTarjCB I"Iohhji cko- 
po, hto 3TOToribKO nycTbis MeHTN KorAa 6binn y qenn. 
nana nowen a AepeBHio. a h >«Aan ero y 6biBiiiero 
coceAa. (Iotom n qui en b nauj aom. a nana ywe waan 
MeHH. KorAa Boujert a KBSpTmpy to 6btna ohs pjmh 

M6HP TaiOB HeSHaKOMSfl CnOBHO Mbl HHKOrAB b Hew ne 

Mcnnti, flsns Aan MHe AeHbrw. hto6 OTHec 3a Kynnen- 
Hyio KapTOuiKy. Bewan 9 c oonbLuoft oxotoh no 3h3ko- 

MOM TpOHHHKe CHOBa MHe Ka33nOCb. hto bot-bot 
BepHyCb AOMOH. a TaM poflHTenw tbm see H3UJH HO 
cpsay we sto Mcnesno, Ksk b npwiuen, to nanw ywe He 
6btno. b wcneK ce6e necKontKO KapToipenwH h wAan 
nany. ycencs cnei4nanbHO y OKna. hto6 nyniue npH- 
noMHHTb ce6e npoBeAeHHoe 3Aecb BpeMR. flonro TaK 
He cwAen, noTOMy hto cAenanocb MHe nero-To oneHb 
wanb h AonweH 6bin BbiiiTvi m3 AOMy. hto6 He paenna- 
KaTbcn noujen sa HeSonbuiHMu AeHbraMvi. hto HaM 
kto-to AortweH 6wn. Aa rAe TaM .. noKa mw Tyr 6btnn. 
to CKopeii mowho 6bino nonynnTb. a TaK ohm ne Topo- 
nflTcs OTAaesTb. flocran TonbKO 1 n MonoKa s AByx 
Mecrrax, to ? n mw cpa3y BbinnnM c xneSowi. HeMnoro 
OTAOXHyriH m noujnn aomom paHbiue, noTOMy hto wan- 
AapMOB MOweM noBcrpeHaTb, xoTb m nponycK ecTb y 
Hac, ho nyntue He BCTpenaTbCfl. KaK cnbintanM, hto 
kto-to eAeT. cpasy b nee BXOAMnw. M3 necy BMAenM, 
HToywe npoexann. 

2S anpenR: Bnepa cnaTt nowM/icn. tbk 6bino 
nere. a ceroAHfl npocHyncfl - to SMwia. TaKOM cner 
Bbtnan, chobho kohsu SHsapn. a ne Koneu anpenn. 
Mano Toro, hto TocnoAb Bor cTontKo HaKasaHMii no- 
CbinaeT, tsk eiue nocnan TaKyto AOnryio 3MMy none- 
Bwe pa5oTbi nopa KOHnaTb, a ohm m He HanMHanncb. 
Bee AonMHO Sbino §u Tenepb AeiueBeTb. TaK Ha 060- 
poT see AOpowaeT Ho Mano Toro, TaK etue abab m ece 
AOMaujHHe HaM wwrbH He AaiOT Henb3fl apob HaKO- 
noTb bo ABope m BCBKoe TaKoe no MenonM, neM m 
roBopMTb He ctomt. Ho cennac Tawe BpeMeHa HacTa- 



KAPTA- M 43-44 JOOS 



4 3HAK fiEflbl 



45 




JIM, HTO He CTOUT TOBOpHTb, TOJlbKO MOnna 
BCeCHOCHTb... 

30 anpenn: nana, KaK 6bin b Kpatf- 
ho. 3aK33an y oahoi-o xosawna 1 u «ap- 
tolukh u ceroflHS ee npnse3. Ty KapTOWKy 
setuann k3«a° Bownbi ane/ibCHHbi, flaxe 
1 r He 6bino nepeBecy, Aa k TOMy we TaK 
ywacHO flOporo, rfle s*maHo, hto6 1 m 
KapToujKH 270 an cTonn. 3a TaKMefleHbm 
100 u Kynnib mowho 6bi/io. a ne 1 L(, Ho 
Tenepb Bee n3MeHnnocb, m to h cfi. 

f Man: KaK 6btn b Kpatino to npuHec 
ce6e necKO/ibKO nyHKOB 3enenoro nyKy. 
Cero^HH Sbino y Mena apeun, TaK noca- 
flun ero b ropuiOHKM He kohhhfi eme 
cawaTb. KaK nana nosBan Mens Monoib 
aepHO. R BceBOABopeocTaBvinKaK6btno, 
a SpaTflO^weH 6bin yCpaTb. Kohhmb mo- 
nOTb, nowen baom. KorAa nana npHiuen 
AOMOtf, to onenb Ha Me ha pa303nnncs, 
noneMy pa36pocan APOBa b capae m cpa- 
3y cra/i wieHfl SuTb. R eMy oStflCHsn, hto 
He 6wno y Mens? BpeMeHu ApOBa y/io- 
wnTb. TaK oh eme cmibHew Mens 6n/i. fl 
oMenb pasoSwAe/icn, noneMy 6beT MeHH 
6e30 bcbkow npunnHbt I~)oa KOHeq. KaK 
yAapun Mens HecKonbKo pas npsHKKort, to 
fl cran oneHb n/iaKaTb. ne cro/ibKO or 
6onn CKO^bKo ot oQwAbi. ocTanocb Aawe 

HeCKO/lbKO nOpflAOHHblX CWHflKOB. KOTO- 

pbie TO»ce cwibHo 6o/ie/iw, riOTOM eene/i 

nocne Bcero 3toto math Mo/iotb A KaK 

MOTioTb. ecnn pyKofl weeenbHyTb MHe 

TpyAHO. KorAa 6 ne BOflna, to Mens yx 

A3BHO AOMa He 6bl/10 6bl, 6biJl 6bl yw 

Abbho npn KaKOM-HwSyAb peMecne. a TaK 

npuxoAHTCH Tepneib. nana Mens co- 

sceM ne /iio6ht. xoTb HMsero He >Ka/ieeT. 

ecnid eorb. Oh TOJibKO no Aonry 3to Ae/iaeT, a He us 

noTpeSHocTn Becb AeHbTonbKo n 6wjio pasroBopOB o 

MoeM nponciuecTBMM. 

2 Man: BenepoM npnuj/iw k HaM Bee m A*WiHoro 
ceMe^CTBa. roBopunw o BHepatuneM yHeHWH. Plana 
BcerAa c MaMOM npepeKaeTcn, 3aneM ohb sacrynaeT- 
cs. KorAa oh Mens 6beT flotuno Aa*e ao cepbeanofi 
ccopbi R Ay Mac, hto My* u weHa He gproKHbt wnTb. 
BenHo ccopncb, KaK mow paAWTenw. ho 3to yw AaBno 
TaK. 

3 Mas: flflflfl npHwen M3 5ennH h npuHec c co6oti 
HecKoxibKO Kr 3epHa nprnuen m npeAceAaTe^b us 
BenvtH m npuHec nane nponycK na tph ahb, c 3aBTpa 
Hasunafl. 

5 Mart: Xoaat cnyxn, hto HOHbK) 6yAei oSnasa Ha 
eapeee. rianbt HeT AOMa co BnepaajHero ahh. TaK mo- 
>«eTc/iyHMTbCfl, hto nptiAeT ceroAHfl KaK pa3 b ofinaay 
Mbi Hanncann 3anncicy. mtoS ceroAHR He npnxoAnn, 
6bin KaK pas napeneK m KpavtHO, TaK eMy ee AanH 

6 uaa ywacHH* Aenb!: Maca b 3 pa36yAnn MeHs 
KaKoti-To CTyK. 3to noiiUMMfl yweAeDa^a o6naBy fl ne 
ncnyrancsi, nana m ABOiopoAHbiM 6paT b Kpa^HO « 
snaiOT. ocTanbHbie ABoiopoAHbie SpaTbcn nonpHTa- 
nMCb, Hepes HecKOribKO MiiHyT n ycnwtuan crryK b 



r 31i Up t« Itir f\ ' 

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Mt T." 9. II. fa, »;», J*.^ M,, Ma. J6. 3Tt 
i'i tffffM f-j iT gfiff "«» ratrfluawiteux Ir 58? i.t reg rrttl lrt 

OiUl M e.«i . ,0.9. .» «.T#T^SS*S-*ii.t i 

Ia OWalaam t.t <t.r rajta***- tla 21.9. ittuullit. 
'•» ^Jf_Ka W ill 5«4tU». - t»bli^. ., r , „■;;:. ,,, t . 




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Si 91?tt B 
if WU * 



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-fleaiS I tJ.Ml/a.JO I. Plan a, ,1249 B 

"» gt tf 3.CO/ 9.1c • • 2 ^1257 t 

5.17/ €.00 • • tu ,5402 1 

11,14/(15.591 * 



HeuenKoe pacmicanue noe3da Ne 587 Sloe3d Nb587 c 

denopmupoeaHHMMu, coenacno pacnucamiio. etituen us Cendsmotyea e 

16:18- CmoHuueu Haawavewoff 6w/ta Tpa6nuHKa Ha mpacce eao 

ciwdoeamiB. uemdy Kenbu.aMu u CxapmucKO. 6btn Cyxedwce 



ABepb. ahab cpasy mm OTKpw^ Bowe/i no^bCKMM no- 
nwLteftCKMfi h eBpevtcKMii Cpa3y cTariM ncKaTb, yBMAen 
MeHH m eefien MHe OAeBaTbcn, a Apyrow cnpocnn Men* 
CKo/ibKOMHeneT, scKa3a^, mto 14, TaKocTasujin mchb 
b noKoe, riOMCKann HeMnoro ho Hn«oro He Haw/in, 
asnnn TonbKo aboux m3 rinouKa. XoTb h m He 6ofl/ica, 
ho APO)Kan KaK b /inxopaAKe KaK yujjiM, to h cpa3y 
sacHyn. Ytpom ABOKjpoAHan ceCTpa Mens p336yAnna, 
noTOMy hto nana npnexan c hoaboaom, fl 6bicrpo 
OAeJics ia Bbiujen, nanw ywe He 6bino. noTOMy hto 
no6bicTpefl cnpsTa/icH or o6naBbt. Tosap c noABOAbi 
y«e 6bin chat, a iyr cmotphd - HAeT nonnueiicKHH m 
CBopanwBaeT b nam abop. Fl cpa3y Bbimen co ABOpa, 
ho cnbuuan kpmkh non«qeflCKoro rAe Kapio0enb' 
AaTb ocTaBiueecn! w etue Kpunan, ho h ne noHFtn. hto 
rosopMT HyTenepb ace. noAyMan n. KorAa Bee norpy- 
sunn, to noexa/i b ynacroK. 3Aecb nanw neT, hto 
Tenepb 6yAeT ! - MaMa c Tereii noiunvi s ynaCTOK R 
6bin oneHb paccTpoeH, Bee y Hac sa6pann. hto TonbKo 
6bino. Tenepb o KyCKe xne6a MenTaTb nptiAeTcn Ah- 
ne/ib BCKOpe npniuen n cKasan, mto nany n aboiopoa- 
Horo SpaTa nowMann. TonbKo Tyr s pacnnaKancB 
OTqa y Hac aaepann, Bee MMymecTBo. hto y Hac 6bt/io, 



(npodonxemje wa cmp. 48) 



www -a"i s r g 



46 



4 3HAK BEJIbl 



rino 




4 3HAK EEflhl 



47 




f>Od3b 



www kwt* o*g 



4 3HAK EEAbJ 



Towe saSpann TOJibxo Tyr r aaTOCKoean no nane. Mw 
yme aaBwnn o TOBape. TonbKO MaMa noiuna b Eapew- 
ckmm coeeT npocnTb. hto6 Bbinycrw/wt nany, eeflb oh 
we 6o/ibHOft, 6e3 neKapcTsa He MoweT WMTb, w ecnw 
Tenepb noiuntoTero b KaKotf-HK6yAb narepb pa6oT3Tb. 
TaK 3to w ywac! - Cica3ann, hto nany BbinycraT. Koraa 
npoeepnT, mu nafteanvicb. mo oxnycTHT. Ha ynnuy r 
He Bbixoann BeAb u MeHR nowMatb MoryT, TonbKO QpaT 
m AHMenb OTHecnw mm noetrrb. AHnenb npawen c 
yntiubi vi CKa3an hto ero CBOflKa rowe noKMann riaHM- 
kb 5 wn a yxacHaa. KawAbw cnpfrrancR. ecnn roribKO 
yen en a poflHR B3RTbix vtnvi wenw nnanyr ywaCHO, kbk 
mw ne nnaMew 06naBbi ycTpaMBaioT vt SenwHcwie 
no^HLieviCKwe KorAa HeMHoro yTHxno. to npnexanw 
ABe waujHHbi. a y oahovi h3 hmx csaflvi 6 bin npuqen KaK 
r mx yBuflen h noAyMan, hto nany yseayr, to ywacno 
cran nnaKaTb Bpaiy nana ocaaan, hto6 npuHec eflbi m 
necKonbKo ujTyK 6enbn v\ He6onbiuyio xpywxy, cnoBa r 
sannanan, Koraa yavuxen. ksk oh 3to coSupaer Mawa 
see sto Bpeviw 6bina b CoseTe xnonoTaTb aa nany 
ToBopMnn TortbKO. hto ero BbtnycTRT. BpaT npwwen 3a 
TennoM iwariKOM, ho yme ne yenen. . MawnHa 6bina ywe 
Ha btopom pwhohhom nnomaAH H rpoMKo aapbiflan. 
Koraa 6wnn 6n«3KO. Kpunan nana! - nana, r^e tw. 
TonbKO 6 yBHfleTb Te6R ew,e u yBM^en ero b nocne- 
flHeM npHuene aannaKaHHoro, r CMorpen. noKa He 
Mcnes oh aa noBopoTOM. TonbKO TorAa cran nnaKaTb 
HaaapbiA vi noHfln. <ok cunbHo Ero nio6nto, k oh msh<i, 
m TonbKO cewnac noHyBcraosan, hto HanwcaHnoe 1 
Man. hto oh Mew* He ntoonT ace sto cymaH nowb n KaK 
3HaTb. He 6yAy nn n Haxaaan. hto Boaeen na Hero 
HanpacjiMHy. Ecnw Eor Aacr n oh sepHeTca, to n He 
6yAy Tax k neMy QTHocMTbcn. Onenb Aonro s em,e 
nnaxan. a Kan npunoMnnan sannaKaHHoe nnuo nanw. 
to pbiflan eme oonbtue Bee caMoe AOporoe Ha ceeie. 
hto y Hac 6bino, tbk 3a6pa/in y nac. a k TOMy we oh 
SonbHow . KorAa ycnoKonnncbHewHoro, MaMa notuna 
b ynacTOK, noTOMy hto npMonwwancR btodom nac. 
Chas jo Ma. 9 Bee paaAyMbisan. KaKan cyAb6a >KAeT 
Tenepb nany tt Kanaa ywe na naiuy aonto Bbinana Tyr 
KaK pa3 npnujna cecTpa « roeopvtT mam: b ynacroK eme 
c KeM-Hn6yAb. noTOMy KaK Bee OTAanw fl no6e)K3Ji c 
AHHeneM, MaMy noecTpenanM Ha AOpore, Annenb B3Rn 
y Hee to, hto Hecna, a n nowen c MaMoii tlpMiunocb 
HecKonbKo pa3 xOAHTb. noKa Bee npMHeenn Hmkto ne 
MOMeT ceSe npeACTaBMTb, KaKaa paAOCTb 6bina, ho 
6wna 3to paAOCTb noeepXHOCTHafl. i cepAue *e ne- 
nanb HeonwcyeMaB, MaMa npocvma necKonbKo ne^o- 
BeK M3 CoBera, mto6 noMornn cnacnt TOBap. TonbKO 
hmkto He xoTen matm. ho. Eor Aan, m 6e3 mx noMoiAH 
nonyHMHM oSpstho KorAa mw aepnynncb n3 ynacno, 
to npMiuen k hbmoamh waHAapw m cnpaujMBan, Bcenn 
Mb) y>Ke nonyHMnM 3to onenb xopooiMM Heweu n ecnn 
6 ne oh, ro mn Boace Hunero Ha3aa ne nonynMDM 6bi 
MaMa TaK natepnenacb ceroA«H, chobho 3to neAenM 
4 AnMnocb 9\ ywe newan b nocrenn m Tyr BcnoMHM/i o 
nane, 9 ne?«y b yA06HOM kpobbtm, a oh TaM b WWOWHt) 
6apaKe m Aawe hot y Hero HeMHoro conoMbt. TaK 
cepAue OKanocb, hto He Mor ot nnana yAepxoTbCfl. m 
TaK e cnesax 3acHy/i. 



7 uan: BnepaiuHen cqeHbi HMKaK 3a6biTb He Mory. 
fla m KaK Ta«oe 3a6brrb. MaMa to m aeno xoaht b 
CoeeT. hto6 HeM-Hw6yAb noMornM. Oa«h nenoeeK 
M3Me CKaaan hto !2eAyTB CKap5KMCK0 3a6onbHbiMn. 
TorAa m nana npweAer fla pa3Be naM neme ot ero 
o6emaHMfl. hto5 ne 3Hato 3a hbm Bor Aan noexaiv 
TonbKO 6 nana BepHyncs. KajKAbitf xoamt KaK 6e3yM- 
HbiM. CeKyHAw He npOMAex, hto6 o nane He Aywarb 

8 Man: roaopRT, mto m ceroAHH 6yAeT oSnaBa. TaK 
KaK ne xBaraeT eme 120 nenoBex. Bee MyxwMHbt 
nonpfrranMCb. Ha ynnqe oneHb tmxo. KaK CTO»n na 
nopore. to yBMAefl. ^to eAyT TpM aBTOMaujMHbi, m 
cpasy y3Han, mto sto tb we. hto 6bfnM b cpeAy Cpasy 
noAHsnacb cyMaToxa. Bee Oewann M3 aomob s nee. 
nonnuna nanana ywe xBaTarb ntoAeti TeTq npniuna 
CKa3aTb. hto TaKMx. ksk 9, Towe 6epyr CHanana s 
pacTepnnCR. ho ootom coo6pa3Mn, hto HaAO enps- 
TaTbcn R nowen k nonbCKOM coceAne m TaM 6bin. Ot 
Ka^Aoro ujopoxa s ywac npuxoAnn hto6 ciOAa He 
BoiunM Ta coceAKa CKaaana, hto nonwtiMji mactb nee. 
m KorAa OHa 3to roeopMna to necKonbKo BbiCTpenoB 
cnbiiiiHO 6bino, n noayMan, hto, HaaepHoe, Koro-TO 
ywe 3acTpenwjin. HeAonro h TaM 6bjn, a MawuHbt 
BCKope yexanM, ABe TonbKO 6wnM nonnwe, a xpeTbfl 
nycTaa. R cpasy noiuen aomom, CMeno Mor AOMa 
ocTaBaTbCR. hmkto Aawe ne Bomen. Ha ynMqy a ywe He 
BbtxoAMn Becb ACHb. senepoM noiuen na Mo/wrey. 
BeAb ceroAHR naTHnqa B ApyrMe BpeMena xOAMnvi mn 
c nanoM. m rpyCTHO HaM Swno vuim Beceno, ho BeAb mw 
c nanoii 6binn, a Tenepb KorAa mw BepHynvtCb c 
MonMTBbi, to 6wno MHe oneHb nenanbHo, a KaK TyT ne 
nenariHTbCfl. ywwn KaKOM-HMKaKOM. a ecTb. cron na- 
KpbiT npa3AHHK. ho K3K m«Hy na nanMHO Mecxo, a oh 
TaM ne cmamt. to MHe TOCKa m ngnarib cepflue peeT . 

9 uan: MaMa noiuna Tene0OHMpOBaTb 3HaKOMo- 
My e CKapwMCKo. HecKonbKO nacoB MAana. noxa nn- 
hhh coeA^HRT HaKOHeu CKaaann. hto6 npMMTM b 2 
naca. 14m He cneiUHO n on* hux 3to 6e3 SHaneHMR . TaK 
hto >k mm cneiuMTb. Ecjim 6 mm AaTb cpasy HecranbKo 

COT 3AOTWX, TO MHTepeCOBannCb 6b(. HO OTKyAa MX 

B3dTb.., TonbKO c ce6fl hto npOAaTb. HaM HMnero He 
xcanb, nMLUb Sw nana eepnyncR HeepeAMM 

10 man: EBpeuCKaR nonMu^R nonynwna npMxaa. 
HToeine 50 nenoBeK HeAOCTaeT Cpaay nocne nony^e- 
hmr npMKasa HananM 5paTb R ywe HMKyAa He xoamji, 
CMAen AOMa. ho, cnasa Bory. He npumnn KorAa n 
CTosn Ha nopore. KaKOM-To senoBOK enpoewn, 3A6Cb 
nn WMB6T PyQMHOBMM. r cKa3an, hto Aa Oh nocTaBMn 
aenocuneA v\ somen s aom. Cpa3y BbiHyn nncbMO ot 
nanw w Aan Mawe R cnpocnn ero, OTKyAa oh. CKa3an. 

HTO OH H3ACM0TPIUMK H3A eBpeRMM M3 CKapMMCKO. He 

TonbKO HaM nMCbvo npMBes, ho m AecflTKa nonTopa 
Apyrwx. Cpasy we co6panocb nonHO HapOAy. KasmbiiS 
xoTen 4TO-HM6yAb paaysHSTb. Oh y nac HeAonro npo- 
6n/i, noTOMy hto noiuen othbctm nMCbMa APyrMM. 

HeAfiUHHOe 3T0 SbtnO nMCbMO. HO M 3TMX HeCKOnbKMX 

cnoB AOCTaTOHHO BToponRX TonbKO Hanncan, hto 
SAOpOB. a pa60Ta ne oneHb Tflwenan. mowho BWAep- 
waTb, TonbKO Bee o Hac AyMaeT m AyMaeT HMiueT. hto 
060 MHe TpeBOMtMTcn, hto6 MeHR ne noMManM m hto6 



KAPTA' m*i-** T. 



4 3HAK BEflbl 



48 



xopoiiieHbKO cnpSTa/ica 

npoc^TnpucnaTb KaKoro-HM- 

gyflb nwrbS wnvt we HeMHoro 

KneuoK b 5yTbiJiKe. HecKonb- 

ko nucew m c nonKwno xne6a. 

a ^eHbrM nocnaTb no nonre. 

Bma h0 nocwnxy nepea HeM- 

14a He nonynMn, noTOMy hto 

HWMero o Hgki He rtHLueT npo- 

cht npo,qaTb, hto yflacrcfl. a 

ero oTCtQAa Bbi3BonnTb, Dana 

3HaeT. KaK aena o6cto«t, m 

cpa3y HaK33biBaeT npoflaTb 

mo-HM6yflb Ma Ma cofipana 

ManeHbKyto nocbinxy m aana 

3Toiwy nenoaeKy Hoa Benep 

y»e npniuna ms CyxeflHioBa 

t6™h3 3HaKOMa« cneyn- 

anbHO cKasaTb. hto Moryr 3a 

500 an 0CBo5oflHTb oflHoro 

MenoBeKa. a ecnw 6onbwe, 

to H fl,ener Haflo rjonbwe CeroflHfl Ma Ma y*ce He 

MO«eT math 3a AenbraMn, tbk nowAeT 3aaTpa rAe- 

HM6yAb OAOHWVITb. 

11 Mas*: y MaMbi ecTb KycoK MaiepwH na nanbTo. 
nomna ero npQAaTb anw ocraBMTb e sanor BepHynacb 
cAeHbraMn. Aana eti cpa3y 3tm AeHbrvi. OHaemeB3fijia 
or HecKO/ibfCMX nenosex m nowna aomoh. 7\ c HeTepne- 
HweM Bee CMOTpefi. He npnexa/ia nvt noHTa. BeAb nana 
nnca/1, hto y«e nocnan 2 otkpwtkm. Mepe3 nac npM- 
MepHo AOcTaBKTiw naM oTKpbiTKy. Plana nnuieT, mto 
3Aopos. b tot we AeHb npnexanM b CKap>KMCKo. Bene- 
pOM Aa/in xopoiune iam Ha yxMH, ecm> wecTO nns 
cnaHbfl w Kpbiaia kba ronoBOii. Ha33BTpa nouinu Ha 
Da6oTy, a Ha Kaxyio He nwiueT, paSoTaiOT 12nacoBc6- 
m ao6-m rioroM roluhm b Santo. cnpatuMBaeT, OTAann 

JIM H3M HTO-TO M3 TOM CBeiOlbJ K 6CTb OVt y HaC HTO 

MonoTb m neM MonoTb. to ecTb He noBpeAMnw JIM 
wepHoea. Kor^a KapTOiuxy m ceexny aaSwpanM. Dm- 
weT. hto eMy oneHb HenpKHTHO TaM 6biTb m oneHb 
TpeBO»arrcH , Ha hto mw 6yfleM JKHTb. BenMT npMcnaTb 
ewy HeMHoro Aener_ ToxibKOHa xne6. cTapweSoTMHKM. 
HeMHoro nenenbH, Kpewa m HeaconbKo ujTyweK caxa- 
PMHa riMtueT HaM: floporne AeTM, cnywavrrecb MaMy. 
Mne Tp^enee Bcero Gwno ot stord nocneAHero npeA- 
noweHnfl, MoweT, abct Bor. oh bot-bot BepHeTcs... B 
CoBeTe ecTb o6bHBrseHne, hto kto xohbt HTo-«n6yAb 
nocnaTb. nycTb npnroTOBWT, noTOMy hto EBpeticKwia 
ooBei 3aBTpa eAeT a CxapwMCKO. Xots mm h oTnpaBM- 
nw fleHbrn. to MaMa w TaK oTHeceT nepeAa^y h 20 3/1. 
EBpeficKan nortMLiMB ceroAnn tokb 3a6npaeT ntoAe^. 
nosTH eecb AeHb fl npocMAen y OAHoro nonbCKoro 
napeHbra, aomb SonncR 6biTb. 

12 Man: HoHbio 6wna espeMCKafl nonnqMS y Hao 
so Aaope, MCKanw ABOfOpOAHbtx SpaTbea, ho mx He 
6bi.no riocne 3aBTpaKa MaMa nosuna oTAaTb s CoBeT 
nepeAany n 20 sn Ann nanw KorAa BepHynacb m 
CoBeTa. to bhaho 6bmo. hto nnaKana, xoTb panbLue 
bchko 6biBano. to Tenepb ohb He paAa, xoamt MenwMM 
Ahhmm h nnaHeT, O60 Mne n roBopMTb Henero... MaMa 
TOBopuna c HecKonbKKMH 3Ha«OMbiMn M3 CoseTa. TaK 




PexOHcmpyKitup naaepn e Tpe6minKe, ewno/iHeHwafl 
Cauywet* BunpendepzoM 
odnuu u3 neMHOBQux yt(e/je eiuux ySHUxoe 

evi CKa3ann. hto6 eoBce He TpeBownnacb. BeAt> KaK 
TO/ibKO KTo-Hn6yAb BepHeTCfl, to v\ nana TO)Ke Okodo 
nonyAHfl a ycnbiiuan. hto eAeT KaKas-To waiunHa. 
cepAye y MeHfl nanano KonOTHTbCH, noTOMy hto tobo- 
Pmdh. hto AonwHw npiiexaTb 25 6o;ibHbix, to MO»ceT \a 
nana npneAer. A 6bino TaK. npwexann 25 HenoseK. a 
nanbi cpeAH hux He 6wno Onenb MHe 6wno o6maho, 
noneMy Apyme npweaxatOT, a nanw Her KorAa Mawn- 
na ocTaHOBHfiacb, to SonbHbix He nycKariM, noKa cnep- 
sa 3AOpoBbtx ne AOCTaBwriM. npnexan TatoKe c Hamero 
ABopa oamh nenoeeK M3 DnouKa. 9\ ero cnpatunBan. 
KaK BwrnRAMT paSoTa. BMAen nv\ nany. 060 BceM ero 
paccnpauiMBa/i. Oh CK33an mhs. hto BMAeJicn c nanovi 
n noKa hto oh He ronoAaeT Pa6oTa TB>Kenafl, cnwnH- 
sawT AepeBbn w KopnyKST nHM. B A6Hb nonynatOT 120 
r xne6a, nepHbirt KOQbe vt MHoro cyny. mo*ho 6wTb 
neronoAHbiM npw TaKoi* eAe. Mbcto nna cnaHbR ecrb 
y Ka>KAoro, a OTeq naxoAHTcn c ABorapoAHbiMw 6paTb- 
«mm. riOKasan MHe HecKoribKO cjibaob hb nnue ot 
yflapoB KHyTa, Ha paSoTax ohm noA cTpa«eM KorAa oh 
paccKasbma/i. TaK ft He Mor ones CAepxtaTb, noneMy 
MOeMy nane Taxaa CTpaLunafl cyAb6a Bbinana. bmaho 
Ta«yto 3acny)«Mn y Bora 

13 uaa: C caMoro yTpa MaMa noiuna paaysnaTb, 
OTAanM nv\ nepeAany. PlucbMa HMKaroro nana He npM- 
cnan v\ HMnero Apyroro, a b CoBeTe CKaaanw, hto Bee 
oTAaHo Mw see pasAyMbmanM. noneMy nana hmkbkqm 
xoTb 6w otkpwtkm He npucjian. ho ecnM Hunero He 
npMcnan, to m Hanpacnbi Hamw paccTpoiScTBa, pas 
HMHero He 3Haew 

14 Man: KorAa MaMa mna no ynMLje, otoiMKHyn ee 
oamh nenoeeK m3 CoseTa h Aan ew nocwnKy, KOTopyio 
nana npvicnan. a anepa aaownn evi OTAaTb. rtana 
npucnan rps3Hoe 6enbe m 6paTbfl Towe npMcnanw. B 
nocbinxe 6binw TaKJKe Tpw nwcbMa. nana nMmeT. mto 
BMy oneHb o6waho. noneMy Mbi eMy ne nMiueM tom. 
hto nocwnaeM m ApyroM Towe Bmaho eMy He 
nepeAariM nMCbMo. riMLueT, htoSw h cnpwTancfl, noTo- 
My hto SyAyreme oOnaBbi, BenuT MHe nepeoAeTbcn b 
weHCKyw OAe>KAy npocMT npkicnaTb eMy HeMHoro 



www karli ofj 



51 



4 3HAK bEJIfal 



fiener. a oTxyfla mu oVa^m mx 6paTb, He 3HaeT, n 

OTKyfla Mbi H3 HaWM paCXOflW BOSbMeM. rowe He 3Ha- 

er npocuT HTo-Hn6yflb npoflaTb n cnactvi ero, ecnn 
TonbKO mowho. HannaKancn h nopnflKOiw Hafl tbkhm 
nena/ibHtiiM nucbMOM A Ka« HeMHoro ycnoKonncfl, 
noiuen npomrraTb nucbwa ot fleoiopoflHbix SpaTbee 
riHLuyr to we, hto h nana, h hto6 mx cnac™ MuTan 
nMCbMa, fl noAyMsn, mw Tyr na CBo6ofle (raxyio cbo5c- 
Ay h co5axe He nowenaio, ho hbm h Tan nymue Tft, neM 
nane TaM), a nana tbm MoweT o xycxe xne6a MeHTaeT? 
axt 3to TaKoii ywac... 

14 Man: CeroAHR noBecwfin oSbflB/ieHne. hto 
mowho cnaTb nocbimn a CxapWHCKQ. noTOMy 4T0 noA- 
BOAa TyAa eAeT MaMa cpa3y co6pana nocwnxy. a h 
Aaxce npvtroTOB«n how Ann nanw, BenepoM npnuina k 
Hau oah3 aeByujKa vi cxasana, mto aasipa b neTwpe 
yrpa npneAeT waHAapMepHfl. ho HetiaBecTHo saneM 
Hn^ero eme He 3Han, hto 6yAeT. uu oneHb «cnyra- 
nucb 

15 Man: B neTbipe yrpa npnexano HecxonbKO 
MaiuHH. Mbi AyMsnu. hto scex SyAyT BbicensTb. Ot 
3tmx aonneHH^ m6hb 6onn cxaaTw/w n AonweH 6bin 
BbitiTM. He ycnen ABepb OTKpbrrb, k3k yBHAen. hto Ha 
tow cropoHe ynnubJ Heiweu ctomt h npnMo Ha rueHfl 
cmotput fl yw Sonfewe ne BbixQAnn M ABept ocTaBun 
OTKpwTOft Bbin s ywacno ncnyraHHbw h 6onnc«, htod" 
oh He BOiueri a aom; oh A°nro we ctohji, cpaay ywen. 
Kaxyjbii* AQMa cv\f\en unw k eopOTaM Bwwen, a Ha 
ynuMy hmkto He awxoAHn, TonbKO xawAbiti crosin b 
nocTonHHoti Tpesore. KorAa fl cron/i y okhs, ToyBHAen 
rpy30BHK c HeMuaMM m kskvix-to rpawAancKHX b Hapyn- 
HMKax, npoexan oa^h, BTopoSi, TpeTwii h HeTBepTutf 
Ha Ka>KAOM CKonbKo rpawAancxHx, CTonbxo h neMqeB 
Swno HeMubi 6binn cwnbHO Boopywenbi. b Kacxax, 
rpaHaTbi y hux Swrtw n asioMaTbi. Mu ywe neMHoro 
ycnoKOnnwcb. KaK yaHAenn , 4io Hac ne TporaioT KorAa 
6wn y^e AOMa, to ycnwiijan. hto eapeiicKafl non^una 
y ahah HaxoAwTCB, hotom npvuuna cecTpa n CKasana. 
mto npMtunn sa tuKacpow, noTOMy hto aaao ne 3anna- 
tuji Hanor b CoBeT nommnfl cpasy «e npnexana. n 

CTa/M LUKatt) BbfHOCMTb BCB HpOTlflBUJIUCb. HO HUKTO 

HUnero CAenaTb He Mor, Ta« ero w abinecnn. KorAa 
wnacp norpy3nnn, to a^ah oneHb B3eonHOBancB n ne 
A 3 Ban yeo3HTb. ho cpasy nonMqe^CKMii noAOiuen m 
A»Akj OTTontcHyn. A«A« ero cpaay yAapun m Hana/in 
ApaTbcn. Bee noAoiunti M xoTenw nx pa3HMMaTb. cianw 
cToaaiHO KpimaTb waHAapMepwn STOyeMAeia m cpa3y 
npHtuna, n crranM crpensTb n3Aanw. a r na ace 3T0 
cwoTpen RyweAyMa^MTorro-TowepTBoSTian. riynn 
neTenn Me>KAy ronoBawn. a OAna BneTena b okho k 
AflAe s aom Oahh neMeu k Haiw BopsancB m pacnaxHyn 
Aaepb c Taxow ounoii, hto CTetcno BbineTeno. enpoewn 
rAe A^A" w cpa3y Bbiuuen, wcKan awk), ho He Hauien 
ero. Hepes Kaxwe-HnSyAb nonnaca npnmria nonbcxafl 
nonMMwn. m hsao Sbino aannaTMTb LUTpao>y 100 3n. 
HaHUKa cAenanacb orpoMHaw bo BpeMH CTpenbSw, 
Ka^ab"?! Aywan, hto Bee BBepx HoraMM nepeeepHeTCR 
nocne nonyAHfl HeMuw yexanw, oAHa Maiunna cnepe- 
An, nocepeAwne b oahom MamUHe nonaxn b napynHM- 
- ax a b KOHue MaiunHa c HewuaMn. bct tsk hx yBe3Jin 



16 Max: TonbKO ceroAHfl yexana noABOAa c no- 
CbrnxaMU b CxapJKMCKO Mawa eiye B/io)KMna xycox 
xneSa. flBOtopoAnafi cecTpa Tene0OHMpoaana b Cy- 
xeAHtoB. ia ev\ 0TBeTnnn, hto Bee y»ce yna«eHO vt 
npMeAyr ne ceroAHB Tax aaBTpa, 

17 Mast: fleoiopoAHaH cecTpa no/iyniiria nocbiriKy 
ot CBoero wiywa us CxapxncKO c rpsi3HbiM 6eribeM. 
OTKpbiTxy Towe nonynnna riMLueT. hto AO^>XHa npw- 
exaTbManiHHacSonbHbiMn.TaKMoweT. woHHnpweAyT 
AOMOii. noTOM npmuen BOSHMtia, KOTopbtPi 6birt BHepa 
b CuapxtvicKo. m cxa3ar!, hto SMAenca c nanoti nana 
rosopun. hto Bee nocbinxn, KOTopbie mh eMy nocnanw. 
tbk oh mx nonynwi. Ha ocmotp k AOKTOpy Bbisbma/iM 
ywe 4 pasa n eme pa3 BusoByr k Heueuxowy AOKTOpy. 
vi He 3HaeT, hto 6yAeT nocne o6eAa npnexan tot 
nenOBeK, KOTOpwii na npoujnoS Heaene 6bin c nwcbMa- 
mm. naM TO«e nptdLuno nuChMO. nocne npoHTenna 
nMCbMa Bee Mbi 6wnn onenb oaaSoneHbt nana nuiueT. 
hto6 Mbi xnonoTanvi b Coseie. a ecnw He BbttiAeT. to 
nouinn KTOti weHiuHHe na CyxeAHtosa n hto6 ohs hto- 
Hn6yAb CAenana. Bbin y AOxropa. « tot ne xoneT ero 
ocBofioAHTb. Hanncan oneHb Hexopotuee nucbMO nyn- 
uie He nucaTb Tax nOApoBno He anaeM. hto Tenepb 
AenaTb, nana nnujer. hto6 nofrrn k to^ weniAUHe M3 
CyxeAHioBa. kotopom Mbi ywe Aaaanw ASHbrn ne 3Ha- 
6M. hto Tenepb AenaTb m xax AyMaTb nocne nonyne- 
hvifi SToro nucbwa MaMa xoamt t<aK 6e3yMHan. 6wna 
HeCKOnbxo pa3 a CoBere m sen»T He BonHoeaTbcn. 
noTOMy hto ace 6yA6T xopoiuo. toboprt, hto xax jonb- 
ko npweflyT BonbHbie. to nana 6yAeT cpeAM hux. Ho hto 
hbm ot 3Tvtx yreujeHMii . pa3 oh eme 8 narepe . bot xorAa 
AOMa 6yAeT, TorAa n noBepwM b stm yTeiueHWH. 

18 Man: MaMa xonwia ceroAHB k Tenec^ony. tobo- 
piina c Tofi weninMHoi?! m CyxeAHKjaa ?aK ona cnaaa- 
na, hto AsoiopOAHbiii 6paT nanncan eft m narepa, 
«ro6bi 3a nany He xnonOTaTb. noTOMy hto CoBer «3 
BoaaeHTbiHa 3a Hero xnononeT MaMa ew cxa3ana, 
mto5 3a nany Towe noxnonoTana m hto6 HMKoro He 
cnyiiiana. CeroAHB Bbieecnnn o6bfleneHne. hto saBT- 
pa eAeT noABOAa s Ckbpwucko h mowho nocbinxn 
nepecnaTb. noewnxy mw He nocnann a TonbKO 50 an. 

19 Man: CeroAHfl npwexano 6 HeMueB, noTOMy 
hto 6yA6T M0Snnw3ai4MB nomaAert na n«rw itwhh. npn- 
mann CTonbKO nouiaAe*. hto TpyAHO 6bino npoft™. 
HoflBOAa c nocbinioMH a CKapwucKO yexana nocne 

MOftHrWS&MMM 

20 Man: flocTaawnw HaM nucbwo ot nanw, Hanw- 
can qenbie 4 CTpaHnuw m eme xyconeK 6yMarn Bee 
onncbiBaeT a hoapoShoctsx. yms 7 pas 6wn y Aoxropa, 
n tot He xoneT ero ocBoBoA^Tb. 3aBTpa AonwHbi 
npwexaTb 65 nenoBex 6onbHbix, tbk MoweT m oh npn- 
eAeT nana npoc«T a cnynae, ecnii He npneAeT. Tax 
npMcnaTb eMy xrte6a, xapTOLUxn n eme 4ero-Hn6yAb- C 
HeTepneHbeM mh iKAann. hto6 saBTpa ywe HacTano. B 
3Ty HOHb y OAHoro xosnuna yxpann xopOBy. non^mwo 
06 3tom HSBecronn, m OHa cpasy cneACTBue noBena. 
CneA Ben k oAKOMy eapeio. n naiunn tbm KopoBbio 
ronoByn40KrMflca.ero apecroaanH cpa3y. BceoneHb 
o603neHw hs eepeeB HaAO we hto6 eBpeti xopoay 
oCMennncfi yKpacTb. wano roro, hto tsk ymeTaioT hsc 
co scex ctoooh. TaK eme m sto 



KAPTA' ^BJt5J•l 20OS 



4 3HAK fiEflbl 



51 



21 was; B nonoBMne aeBHToro npn- 
exana MauiMHa c eBpenwin yBMflen ee 
T3K cepflue y mchb m aaKonornnocb. 
aeflb mowbt nana eaeT Kor^a 6nnwe 
6wna, to Mcxan a era. ho He yewAe/i. 
rtoSewan cpasy 3a MauiwHOii, ocrraHOBH- 
nacb oKono CoeeTa. h see cpasy cocko- 
mnvi c MawdHbi. a nanu He 6bino, a 
pacnnaKancfi bobckj, noneMy doribKo 
ntoAert npnex«no, a nanw we 6w.no He- 
KOTopbie Bnonne SAOpoBbi h npwexann 
fl oneHb or aroro paccTpowncs nana 
nepeflan HecKonbKOOTKpwTOKMepe3 sna- 
KOMbix. npocnn npucnaTb eMy HeMHoro 
KapiouJKM. xne6a. Bapenoti nanwn w 
niueHHOM Kaiuw. Mbi cpaay nocwnKy co- 
6panw u flanw uiotpepy. Mbi coscew sa- 
6bJnn. hto ceroflHA npaa^HMK DnTHfle- 
cflTHULjbi, a mw Aawe Himero ne npwro- 
tobwth ran 6binn oahhm saHATbt Eme 
hm oflHoro npaaflHMKa He 6bino6e3 nanw, 
a cePinac He ToribKO neT ero, ho oh euie 
vt b narepe 

22 Man: Koraa 6bin Ha MonnTBe, to 
o^6Hb saTocKOBan no nane. yBWflen, KaK 
Apyrwe fleTM ctoat okoho otmob, h ecnn 
Mero ne SHaiOT b wonnTBe, tsk mm oTeq 
noKaweT, a kto Mne noKajKeT. . oflMHfoc- 
nofibBornycTbAaCT MHeAO&pyiOMbtcnb 
m hto6 wen n no Ao6powiy nyTw ., Eme 
HMKorAa He 6wno MBe tsk nnoxo. KaK 
ceroflHB. bo BpeMfi MonuTaw, A3 kotas 
we MKe TaK nnoxo iworno 6WTb? flaw 
Bowe. hto6 nana noCKOpee BepHyncs? 
whb v\ 3AOpOB Mbi renecpOHUpoBanii a 
CyxeAHtoB k tom 3«eHiAHHe. TaK ona cks- 
3ana. htq eme He ynaweno 

23 Man: CeroAHH OTnpasunn Tex saAepwanHbix 
3a KopoBy eBpeeB b apecT, a oahoto HeswHOBHoro 
OTnycTMnw. 

25 Mast: OneHb pano npwwen a«Ah H3 BenwH, 
cpasy we hsm c«a3an. mto 3annaTnn 20 3n unpacpa. a 
HWHetUHMe KpHTMMecKiie BpeMena TaKflawe w He 3apa- 
6oTaTb eMy 3tmx 20 3n. Uhpacp 3anna™n aa to, hto 
uino mx HecKOHbKo. a y OAnoro eBpea He 6wno nponyc- 
ra. eMy w t3k 3aopobo noee3no. hto cpasy c co6om He 
3a6pann Aha* flonro He npoSwn. cpa3y aomok no- 
wen. CeroAHB BWBecwnM o6bflBneHne. mto 3aBTpa 
CoBer eAeT b CKapwHCKO. OTAenbHOM nocbinKM He 
wneM. TonbKO AeHbrw, MoweT nony^MT xne6 ot CoBe- 
Ta, nocbinaeM ManenbKMM cBepTOMex w bhowmm b 

nOCblHKy ABOKJpOflHOM cecTpbi 

27 Man: BpaT npunec M3 COBeTa nocwnKy A-nn wac 
M nwcbMo nana npucnan cbom CBMTep. uiaptp n Ten- 
noe Benbe m npwenan oSpaTHO MMCTyto UBeTHyio py- 
6aujKy, mto mu eMy nocnann. a senHT npmcnaTb eMy 
Senoe 6enbe. nana cnpamnBaeT, noqeMy Mbi ewy 
^acTo ne nwujeM. TonbKO m ecTb y Hero paAOcrn. KaK 
fMCbMo us AOMy, nonyHMT vi MMTaeT ero no HecKonbKy 
pa3 s AeHb 3aeTpa MAeT Ha kommcchio, noTOMy mto ne 
M owet paSoTaTb. nana nuiueT. hto bo sceM bhhob3t 




Tax npouexodum noapywa e aasonbi 
0>omo us co6panun EapeCicmso ucmoptmecKoeo uHcmumyma 

A6paM. HpocMT npvtcnaTb m AOMy eAy. a He AeHbrn. 
noTOMy hto TaM Bee Aoporo ctomt OSo BCeM pacenpa- 
ujMBaeT. ecib nn Apoea. ecTb nn eme KapToujKa m He 
AaM Bor ne ronoAaeM nw. CnpaiunBaeT. oTKyAa mm 
pa3A0QbiBaeMAeHbrviH3BCe, necnn53Han. MToy Hac 
ecxb Bee Heo6xoAHMoe. to 6bin 6bt cnoKoeH, a tbk 
qenwMM HOMaMn AyMaeT TonbKO oo stom h cnarb He 
MoweT BenwT o6H3aTenbHO npwcnaTb eMy s™ AeHb- 
rw, TorAa T3M 6bicTpeii ycTpowT, ecnw 6 Ha npoLunofi 
HeAene 6binn y Hero AeHbrn. to npwexan 6bi co btopom 
OMepeAbfO aomow nana nkiiueT. ^to KawAbiiii AeHb 
nocbinaeT nucbwa, a mw ne OTBeMaeM. tsk oh nuiueT 
ho Mbi no noMTe hm oflHoro nucbMa ne nonynnnn 
CeroAHa yw HenpeMBHHo nucbMO nonyquw H cp33y 
nanHcan nane nwcbMo m cpasy snoxewn ero b noMTy. 
noTOMy mto K3K pa3 npnexana. no^TanbOH aocTaBun 
HaM nucbMO ot nanbi, a ootom ABe otkontkh B 3-tom 
nucbMe m oTKpbiTKax oh nwweT to we. hto m paHee. 
TonbKO b nwcbMe cnpawwBaeT nymue nn HaM c hum 
npvi ero nepsax nn« 6e3 hux. MaMa cpasy Tene^onn- 
poaana b CyxeAHtoB, hto6 weHi^nna OTocnana Te 
AeHbrw nane, Mbi cpasy nocnanw ot hsc nsne 100 3n, 
3th AeHbm nocwnaeM eMy, noTOMy hto 3flecb Henb3fl 
xnonoTaTb. a tsm MOweT eMy yAacTca HTo-nnSyAb 

yCTpOMTb 



A - *"* kSlB Cg 



52 



4 3HAK bEflhl 



29 Matt: CeroflHS ahcm 6wnn SaHflMTb* bo Bmo- 
ne Korfla nonnqnn npmuna to ohm h He flyManH 
yfieraTb, a Ha4ann CTpennTb, n nonnqnn npnuj/iocb 
cnpflTatbCH, a ohm yiiinn 3anpocTo b nee. Cpa3y aeo- 
huhh a Keribqe, wtoS nptiexana >KaHflapMepnH. h ne- 
pe3 necKonbKO 4acoB npnexarin 2 waujunbi 6btnn bo 
B3flone. ho HviKoro He nowwann npHLuna ceroflHS 
OTKpbiTKa ot nanw h ot aaak M3 Kenbij Plana He nmueT 
Htmero MHiepecHoro, nwtueT TO/ibKO, 4to HafleeTCfl 
BCKope npnexaTb flnflB Towe He nwwer Hn^ero mhtb- 
pecHoro 

31 Man: CeroAHfl BbiBecnnn oQ-bflBJieHMe, mto 
6yfleT CMeHa paGoTHHKOB us CKapwwcKO, a 4 mkjhb b 
COBer flonwHbi RBMTbca 60 MenOBeK, a kto - to sto 
eii4e npnujfiioTnoBecTKM. MoweTBTaKOM cnynae, flacr 
bor, nana npwefleT. 3th 60 MenoBeK TonbKO »a 7 AHew 
noenyT. 

29 Man: Korfla KeneuKan wanflapMepus yexana, 
ToemeocTanocb 8 MenoBeKM3 BennH Oakh waHAapwi, 
npoxoflfl okodo oflMoro ABOpa. yBnaen kbk oflHa es- 
penna y6eraeT. cpa3y we eenen eti HeMeflneHHO cto- 
«Tb, ho OHa He nocnyiuana, a npOAOrwana BewaTb. 
Kor^a OHa He xoTena ocTaHOBWTbcs, to oh cran CTpe- 
nnTb b Hee m nonan c nepBoro pa33, noxoM Benen 
noxopOHMTb ee TaM. rae see 3acTpeneHHbie. Kaxan 
cTpaiuHafl cyflbSa ee BcipeTuna, 4to6 6e3o bcakom 
npwMWHW SbiJia y6nTa. Korfla newana bo flBope, to 
Beflb y nee 6 AeTew, tsk Aawe He no3Bonnnn hm k Heft 
noflotiTu, a ecnn kto va hmx nnaxaTb naqwHan. to oh 
6nn. 

1 uk>hf detib padocmu Mm )Kflann ceroflHH 
nvtcbMO ot nanw. ho ne nonyMMnn, npHiuna OTKpwTKa 
ot ABOiopoflHoro BpaTa m npHBeT ot nanbi, a oortbiue 
HMnero, Mw npMroTOBHiiM Sonbujyio nocwnKy nane. 
noTOMy mto saBTpa M3 CoseTa eflyT b CicapjKHCKO Mbi 
sanaKOBann tohkwk hmawsk. 6enbe, Botmhkh, HeMHo- 
ro KapTouiKn. xneb" n BCSKne Menonui He Tepne/iocb 
mto6 ywe Tpetbe 6wno n nprnuno nucbMo ot nanw 
MoxeT ecTb y nero Kaxne-To waHCbt npnexaTb aomoB 
K Benepy noiuen k coceAy AenaTb cecxpe wnenaHUbi 
KorAa flena/i to ycnbiiuan. mto Matunna eaeT m norciT 
fl cpa3y noAywan. Bepno eepevi eflyr «3 CKapxoiCKO 
Cpasy we BbiBewan. OKasanocb, hto w npaBfla eAyT 
Ha^ann bhaho Sbino. «ax waiuyT pyKawin m ujank-aMn. n 
yBKflen. xaK n moi!i nana MaiueT. Bee 6pocnn 
h no6ewan 3a m3luhhom OcraHOBuncfl sue- 
cTe c MauiMHOM B3Bf! cpaay y nanw era 
MeuiOK, a nana ores c MaujHHbi Mawia Banna 
y weHH MeiuoK, a n noiuen a ysacTOK B3flTb 
nocwnKy. KaK npniuen aomom, to He Mor 
flawe noaAopoBaTbCB c nanow co acetf 3to^ 
paAocTn. Hmkto He MoweT ce6e npeflcrra- 
BMTb Haujeft paAOCTvt, tot MoweT eooSpa- 

3HTb, KTO CaM HCnblTblBaeT HhKTO BCflb ne 

oxHflan, mto ceroflHfl npweflyT 3to see 6bino 

KaK B KMHO. 3a OAHy HOMTVI CBKyHfly CTO/lbKO 

mw nepe»nnn. npMLuno cpasy MHOwecxao 
niofleii, KawflbiiS xoTen hto*to xopoiuee y3- 
naTb, nana npnexan c paHenotf pyKOP*. na-3a 
neeero m nycTMnw CHanana n nepenyrancs. 
noTOMy mto fly Man. 4T0 oh OMenb paneHbiPi. 



OMenb TpyflHO mh6 onMcaTb Bee 3tm nartMHbi paccKa- 
3bi, HaHHy c Havana paccKasa. xyxe ecero 6bino b 
nepsyto Heflento noKa ne npHBWK, pa6oTa He Tatofl 
cTpaujHan. TonbKO flMcminnnHa cTpauiHan. ecnw kto- 
to onoxo noeT win MapuwpyeT, to ero cpa3y 6bKJT. 
DoA"beM b 4-e yrpa. a pa6oTaiOT no 5-n 13 nacoB 
HenbSR hh Ha MMHyry npHcecTb. kto CHAe" 1 ". T OMy 3flO- 
pOBOAocTaeTcn PaccKasaMHeGwrtOKOHua. MwcuAe- 
nw ao 2-x homm. HeB03M0WH0 Bee 3TO oniicaTb. Flana 
BbimnAUT He Tax nnoxo, en Beflb CKonbKO Haflo Co 
Bceti 3T0ii pafloCTn 3a6bin aanncaTb caMoe sawHoe. 
ho cawoe ywacHoe CeroflH« yrpOM BbiLunn flee ee- 
peihm Ha AepesHto, 3to 6binn MaTb c flonepbro. K 
HeCMacTbio, exanH HeMuw ms PyfleK 3a KapToniKoS b 
Bofl3eHTbtH. to noBCTpeHanw stm 2 eBpetoM. KaK ohm 
yBMflent! HeMMeB, to crrarin 6e>KaTb. ho nx AorHanw n 
noHManw. XoTenw mx cpasy b AepeBHe 3acTpennTb. ho 
crapocTa ne no3Bonnn, Tax noui/iH k necy m TaM hx 
3acTpennnn EBpe^CKaw nonnumi cpasy 3a hvimh no- 
exana, htoSw noxopoHHTb Ha Knafl6nifle. Korfla nofl- 
BOAa npnexana, ToSbina bcfi b Kpoaw. Kto [.„] 

Ha 3moM dHBBHUK /Jaeuda Pydunoeuna 
o6pbtaaemcft 

lllNltMMMUM 

' rutuHa - eduHuua mgppumopuaribHoao caMoynpaeneHua a 

•' >KaHdapuepuit - vacmt hbubukoO nonuuuu. xomopart awnon- 
tmna nonuueuexue <t>ynmuu s cemcxoQ uecmnocmu. 

1 OuiuBhb e nwKcme dHaemjxa, Hymno -«1S OKm*6pn» 

' npuKB3 HavanbHuxa rtonimuv 6e3onacHOCmu u Cnyix&t>i 6eso- 
nacHocmu a reHeparibHOM iy6epnamopcrnae npedycMampu- 
aan oGftsamefibnyto koh&uckswio y eepeuCKoao necenenuft 
ecex Mexoeux uadenuu dnn ebicbmxu neuamuM eodocaM »a 
SocmoyHOM <t>ponme 

■ noastm - adMUHucmpamoBMbiu onpyz. cKnadbiaaauiuDcfi u3 
it*uH u spcuad u axoduewuu a cocmae eoeeodcmaa a doeoen- 
hqu Ponbuje 

1 no npuxaay senepan-sy6epnamopa r <t>pam<a om 23 Mosgpn 
1933 soda ece eepeu c 10^mmneso eojpacma ofinjawbi c 1 
deKa6pn 1939 aoda Hocumti «a npaeou pyxeee aepxHeO odex- 
dbi cneuua/ibHyio 6enyto noe»3»fy wupUHOU 10 cm c zonytoQ 
3ee3dou Uaeuda. 

Soum - gnaea ca/ibcxou auunbi 




Qopoza aedem e Tpe6nunxy (Do/no ua co6panuR 
EapeQcKOSO ucmopuiecKOao uncmomyma 



kapta- W«-*4 1005 



4 3HAK BEflbl 



S3 




MonyMeum nBMftmu e KOHtinQsepe TpedntiHKB 



*w* #.Bfia org 



54 



4 KPACHOE KOJtECO 



HpuHaOAMHOKOBA 



5KPEEHH HOBA 



It CKa3a.i rocnodb connate: sow, oh a pyne meoeii, 

maibKO dymy eso cdepetu. 

Hoe. 2,6, 

h'u.via x twa doopa. npuuuo no: 

Kosda oDKiidai ceema, npuuua ttama, 

Hoe. 30,26. 

3a npomciujiie co jhs riooenu 60 .tct nwJiopMauiiH 
o Be. i m koi i Ore'iecTBeHHofi bom He. - ra. hto He Sbt.ia 
cor;iacoBaHaco(|niuna.ibHOH Bepcitefi ncTopim. - nySjiti- 
KOBnacb hcoxotho. B coBetcMte apeMCHa 88KB npoja 
fj)poitniHiiK<iH-iintaie.ieii:Baciafl BbiKOBa, BiiKTOpaHe- 
icpacosa. KoHcraHTHHa BopoobCBa - MHoniM Kamiacb 
KpaMo.ibMofl. Ho !i bo BpeMeHa nepecTpoftKH, Koraa Ha 
CTpaHtillbt M Bona imamiii BbtmecHN ,iacb uiOKltpyiomaH 
npaaaa. testa aoflHbi «cKaHiia.tH3iipoBa.Tacb» ueHee bcc- 
ro. Re.io 5bt.io y/Ke hc b ueniype. npodo 3ae3*eHHaa 
0paia o tom. hto Be.it iKaa Ore'iecTBeHHafl KOCHy.iacb 
KasKjoficoBeTCKOHceMbn. -ito HeMeTatjKjpa. 3TonpaBja. 
CTOHbKO nacTOHiuero repoinvia ii /KepiBemiocTH obi.io B 
lamiiTHiiKaN HauieroOTe i [ecTBa,HTooTKpi>iBaTbHM rjiaja 
naoujuoKii npaBiiTCTbCTBa. o6epHVBUinecfl Mai-iHOUHbi- 
Mii norepoMH. Obi.ioobi aonscOM weCTOKo. 3to. aefiCTBH- 
Te;ibHo. ow.ia lit riooeaa: nan. aparo\i. Haa coooh. m.i 

npeae.TOM. tlOJIOWCHHhIM HCIOBCICCKHM BO3MOJKH0CTHM. 

H CTOino .in rosopiiTb rmjkiibujhm. hto no cvth mu it> 
boRky nponrpa.iii:cTpaHa Hajopsa-Tacb. nonHtiMaa iteno- 
ciLibmio Homy. noTepHBctta'taaa b rpawaaHCKofi bohhc, 
hotom b CTanHHCKHx .iarep«x. potom it bo BTopoft Mitpo- 
boh cjiiiuiKOM MHoro KpoBii, ocooenno ec.iH cpaBHiiBatb 
Haiun noiepit c noTepsMH npontBHHKa. 

MH^opviamis o HHC.ie acepTB 3Toro\HHKajibHoro b 
MiipoBOH HCTopHH renomua npoHB.iH.iacb noeTeneHHo, 
Pooko. njraacbCBoeMOrpoMHocTH. Korcauu. itaKOHeu. 
TO'iHOV3Haew- CKO.ibKO*enorn6.iocoBeTCk»x.iiojeHB 
nepBon no.TOBHHe iBajuaToro seKa? 









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Copok ngpsbiQ., 



noHSHBuieecH b noc.ie.iHee BpeMH ciobchko «KaK 

6bl» CTa.TOMOHHblM COBCeM HeCJTVHaflHO. Mbl -«KaKOU 

rtooejiLTHn it Tencpb ><KaK 6bi >KitBeM», pacTepnitno 
ot lipase b no CTopoHaM . Te. kto nocTapme. aepiKat ctodo- 
Hyuiaj3smefincitxnK\ coBetcicori Bepcim ttcTOpwi. npae- 
.ia,oHaHHKaK ite oo-bHCHaeT HitmeTx nooeainciert n Hbi- 
neuiHitft CT3T\ c cipaHbi. Te. kto noMoaowe. npocTo naio- 
hv.ih na cbok) itCTopiito it Buopaatt ceoe jp>roe Orene- 
ctbo: ojhii pea.TbHoe. iaao\ ropHoe», jpyrtie CTa.ni ni,- 
(j>a\tH tixoooitraMit, KaK nobaibiBaeT nocieaHAJt nepe- 
nucb nace.icHiifl. Ho nptt jtom 6o.ibiUMHCTBO CKamiocb 
BcpyiomiiMii. npaBoc-iaBHb!MH.tnTOTy.iHBHTe.ibitbi0tJ)aKT 
aocroHH paccMOTpeitufl. Hbine, kohciho. naonionaeTCH 
o>KHB.TenneuepKOBHOH>KiBHii. HOHMKak HecKaxewb. HTO 
pyccKHfl Hapo.i Bepit> :icm b uepKOBb. Pejy.ibTaTbi nepettit- 

Cll CKOpee BbfHBII.lll HCK\ H> nOTeHmia.1bHVK) CK.10HHOCTb 

k npaBocjiaBHK), Heacejit jaHHocTb. KaweTCH, tcro »'e 
npoiiie: Ha3Ba.TC)i npaBoc.iaBHbiM - Teoe h aopora k xpasty , 
MoiKeT ii npocTo. no ne b Pocchh, B sativiooi houk-huh 
uepKBti » Hapo^a (a Tarae BJiacTH ii itapoja) a XX BeKe 

Obl-TH HaCTO-Tbk'O HenpOCTblMlt tl npOTHBOpetHBUMH, 'ITO 

BcnoMHHaeTCH ropbKaji HapojHas MyapocTb: «Koro Bor 
,tk)6ht, roro i(6beT». TeHbCTpajatomero HoBa npoctep- 
.lacbHaaPoccHeM. aoTCTpaaanitJi jocBSTOCTiiTo.ibKo a 
5n6.iitn - jectrroK CTpamiu. CKO.ibKO ace CTo.ieTiiit >to 
oyjeT b HiinHii Hapona? P\ ccKast npaeocjiaBHasi UepKOBb 
- euie oana «Heyjo6Hafl Tevta» xib ny6,iitimcTiiKH, a ym 

B CBJJ3H CO BTOpofi MltpOBOH BOliHOfl - «Hey3o6CTBO B 

KsajpaTe». Ho ja*e b uepscoBHUx Kpyrax. BecboBaauarbiti 
Bex npedbiBaBUiitx btom iltii hhom KOMiipovnccec 6oro- 
SopHecbOH B.iacTbio. coipe.10 %ejiaHHe He CKpbiBaib 
npaBiiy. 

Pyccra* FIpaBociaBHaH UepKOBhao 19] Srojaou.ia 
KpynHefimefi HoMecTHOH UepKOBbio npasoc;iaBHoro 
\titpa. OHa Ka3ajiacb Heibio.TCMofl, noaaepiKiiBaevioil it 
WHH38MH h Bepxavin», HocrncTn scero20 .ieT. k Hana-iy 
40-x roaoB.oTeeMor\uiecTBaHeocTa.TOCbitc.Tcaa. CoBep- 
iuchho noHSTHO CTpe%LieHne JlemiHa ii CTa.nitna \CTpa- 
hhti. a.ibiepHaTHBHoe B.iiiflHite Ha Hapoanbie viaccu. H He 

o4eHbnoHHTno,KaK3TiniapoaHbteMaccbi.y-*e900.TeTKaK 
npaBOdaBHwe, Bapyr, ia CHiiraHHbie roaw. no3Bo.Ttpit 

pa3p\ luitTb uepKOBb. npn itom ocTaaajgcb no c>th Bepy- 
louiHMit .iKUbMti - aejb BcecoioTHaJt nepenticb Hacene- 
hhh, npOBeaenHas B»H8ape 1937 roaa, noKaia-ia. HToaae 
TpeTit cejibCKoro it 03.ua. TpeTb ropoacKoro RacefleHM 
CCCPcHitTaioTceoH aepyKnuuMti. 

npHTa.ll I HKOHbl 11 KpeCTHKH.TaftHOVlOJHLlHCb, T3»H0 

y KpbisaTH inn-taitHbix in MOHacTupeft MOHaxiiHb. - ho 3to 
TaHitoecoHVBCTBite ne novtor.io it jSewaTbcvtepTit cothhm 

TblCHt npaB0C.13BHblXCBHUieHHHKOB. HeOCTaHOBlLTOp33- 

p>uieitJ!H uepKBefi. MOHacn>ipeR h xopotuo pajBMTofl 
cncTevibi ay^OBHoro o6pa30BaHHJt. 



KAPTA r«4J-J4 2005 



4 XPAGflOE KDJ1ECD 



55 




*. j? npuxoxy k 6e3ycno8HQMy etieody. wno mw do/wfuw ... damt> caiuoe peu/omem>woe u 

Gecnomadwoe cpaxenue »epHOComennouy dyxosSHcnwy u nodaeumt sso conpomuenemje c maxou 

ncecmoKocmtiio, wjo&«i ohu tie 3a6tnnu smoeo e meteni/e necxontiKux decHmunemuu » 

H3 cntposo ceKpemHQeo nucMia flenuna y/WMam flonumdiopo om J 9 uapma 1922 s 



• on 



56 



4 KPACHOE KDJIECO 




Myseu ameusMa. ycmpoenHt>iu s Yckbhckou coGope Cmo/jbhckoso xpeumt. 
Bo3epawen neuemuuu anactrmMu Pyccxou npsaocnaanoC Uepxeu e 1941 zody. 




?e*pe*eHHbiu do 1994 a nonuzon a Bymoeo. nod Mockbou. ade a 1937- 1938 e a 

6wra paccmpe/tswo 6oj»ee 20000 ocymdeHHbix 



KAPTA- »«-** 3O0J 



4 KPACHOE KOJIECD 



57 



tiuunc-mtitK H-opmrt - Topjpien Erop CaBeAhetis') 

(1486-27.11. 1937), MoenoiiCKaH o^BocKpecencKHlip., \i. a aXopwiio 

CRiiitVemtiiK (Ku.ifitin - (pafaon HanupMfi CioiaitaMn 

1879-11.12.1937), Mockobcks a o., Kopot>KonrKiw p., c, TyrOAc.c 

cf.mui uti.u: ilditr-A I s s: II.hua HnauoHii't 
((89l.1012.iy37) 

cKaineiimtK ArteKCJ»,\(> - TyceB AjiCKf-aH/ip AAeKcaiiflpiiwiq 

(1873-14.3.1938), Mockobckiih n, KmnMyimcTHitrKHii p., ij u 
c TpexcojiTtKoe 

CKJ)ir(C«HHK <T>eOA0fi - 4«P°<1>«b *Pejop EiJmmcwh'i 
(18B5-10.1 2.1937 ), MocK<mcnajt a, TaaaomckhK p. 

cr.iiinFniniK HoAim - Eh&okiimd» Huaii ipiiropbt'tiim 

(1874-912J9?7),MOCKOBCKI1H 0., McTpHHCKHli p., 

Moiuiim-MpL-ATC'ietiOcaH U- « c. CajiKii 

f t;:i!ili-iinHK KoilCTdimiii - ffiiicMinten Koiicthhthh Ajietu-aiiflpoiiiKt 
(1898-8,12.1937), MiKKitucKdn n„ AeinmcMiH p. 

ck.-ujm trniiK Hiiw,u\i< - ^.itiitAdii Kiiii I liiKoAati HiiKOAacuii'i 
(1876-1 5.12.1937), Mockobckiiii n., yuapnacKuii p. 



1 



«CKop6ntoie daactM na SymoacKQM norweone 

ycmanoeneHbi uMOHa 840 ceRuieHHOcnyMumarwQ u 100 uupnn. we ompaxwuxcst om aapw 

140 ua him npuvucrwHbt k eowMy HoeoMyvamiKOB Paccuucum 




HocnadHfrn (pomoepmpun Mumpononume Cam<m-nemep6ypsa(oso CepacpuMa 
lUeoHuda MuxaDnoeuva Wwaeosa. s ewpacme 91 soda paconpansHHoao ua BymoecxOM nom/sotm 

Hpuvucnew k comm/ HoeoMyveMUKoa PoccuOckux. 



w*wiiatae*g 



58 



4 KPACHOE KOHECO 



Cra-iitHCKOe npaBMTe.it.CTBO jaruaHiipoBa.10 no,moe 
nc'icjuoBemtL' .itoobtx 4>opw pe.iiiniosHoii jkhjhh Bcrpa- 
hc k [ 942 rojy. KOTopoe HenpeMeHHO ow coctojliocl. ecjw 
6bi He BofiHa. ToBOpflT, HCTopn« He.ifooirrcac^araTe.ibHO- 
roHataoHemtfl. h Bcewce... Ec.iiidbt hc Hana/ia (jjamiicTCKas 
repMamis) Ha CCCP b hichc 1941 ro.ia. noma Cra^iim 
HanpaBiu 6bt coBeTctaie BOttOta na EBpony? Bonpeiui 
iHJ>nmia.ii>in>ii nponaraHjHCTCKofi KHHOxpomtice. k koto- 
pofl mu Bee npHBWKJiH. rpaaaane CCCP b HaHa.ieeon'Hbi 
iicnyiyaain CKopee pacTepjtHHocTb. icm naTpnoTiiHec- 
Kltfl 3HT\3lia3M. IlepBbin T02 ifiaiwicTCKoro HamecTBHH 

fiw.T 0TMenen MaccoBbiMii caaiaMH b rueH tucsm cobct- 
ckiix BoeHnocjiy~*amnx. B Konne 1941 r. i S ihahcm m 
_aa.ibHevi Tw.iy iteMeuKO-cjiaiiiHCTCKHX bohck oKa^a/tocb 

OKO.lo3.500.000cOBeTCKtl\BOeHHOn.1eHHbLX, KKOTOpbIMB 

1 942 r. npn6aBunocb ewe" oaiee 1 .000.000. ^icjiocobctc- 

KHX BOCHHOIUieHHtJX npHBOan.10 B JaMeHiaTtlbCTBO W*X 

neMueB. ohh npocTo He mom it pa3viecTirrb it\ b cyuiecTm- 
ioinnx.iarepHx HcoioaTbxoTJi 6bi MHHHMa.Tbna npuroaHbie 
xtH *inmt vc/iobhh. rLiemiue norn6a.ni Mii,T,inoHa\ni ot 

IIH^eKUHfl H rO.lOja. ClTLlHH Bbl6pa.T CBOtf MffTOa OOpbOM 

c coBeTCKiiviii BoeHHoaienHUMn: on ooi.sbh.1 (ix «Bpara- 
mii Hapoja». HeiasucHMo ot Toro. npn Kax-Jix o6cTOHTe.ib- 
CTBax le.-ioBeK nonaaaj b roeH. 

3th ufi(})pbi roBopjrr hc To-ibHOO npoBaieCia-THHa. 
Kan* BoeHHoro cTparera, ho ewe it o tom. »rro ttapm ne 
xoTeniamnmaTbCTajiiiHCK'itnpe*i!M. HerpaMOTitas. bo- 
.TiOHTapncTCKafl nontiTitKa oo.TbujeBiiKos. OTpnuajoinaji 
HCTopimecKoe m pcitinioiHoe npouuoe Hapoaa, jaua.ia 
mojbi. «Hb3h. pojcTBa He noMHHiunti» He MO*e?ncnbi- 
Tbieatb naTpHOTHHecKtie HVBCTBa no onpeje/teHHio. A 

MliOrtte H3TCX. KTOCBOe pOJCTBO nOMHIOH. SKe.iaJIH 0CBO- 
OOKaCHHJt OT COBCTCKOii RT3CTH aa*e UCHOlf OKKJ'naUHH. 

ApxnenHCKonHoaHH ( Wax obc soft). nnca.i: «Kpo#b. 
HcwasMQH npanwanibcn na pycciaa: no:ixx c 22 utowt 
1941 g, , eatih xpmb. .mottoac* a.\ieano Kposu MH6SWC ii 
MHoettx mbtcxi pycaaa Modeu. Komopbie oydym cnopo 
abinymeHbi us «cex mwpe.\i. 3acmeHKoa u KouuMuepeU 
CoaemcKou Poccuu. Odno a/wo yjtce ucnojimem cepdue 
padocmbio. Jlyvui uepycatue.iioou oydym cnopo omdanbt 
Poccuu, .nvuiue nacmupu oydym omdunbt Ltepmu.. 
Hpauhtce.! ui6ae.iHem pyccKUX .imdeii om noeou spam- 
daHCKou aoiiHbi, npinbiean UH03&unyto cuiy ucnaiHumt, 
ceoe npeoitajHQveHue, Kpoeasax onepatjUJt ceepxcemw 
III IfHmepHauuoHaianopyvaemai ticKyc/to.vy u onunmo- 
\ty a HayKe ceoeu iepMCmcwoAfy xupyp t y. Jenb nod e&> 
rspypaweCKUii now movy, kwo ooien - «e 3ajopuo... 
06ecetnennbie u sacpenouifyHtiU no .weepxM, laeodav 
u KOTXOJau, pyccKue Jtoou Sbt.iu Becctabttt* nodwtmbat 
npomue MejKdyHapoduou ameucmuiecKoS ciam. 3acea- 
uieii e Kpexue. fJoncidoouwcb npotpeccuonaibHo-eoeH- 
nan. uammaHHOM e cawbtx omaemcmactmbix oonx. jtce- 
ie3HomoHHaiipyKa<-epMaHCKOu Opium . . . Hoeax cmpamh 
uaapyccKou ucmopuu omxphuacb 22 utoun ) 94 1 .'. edem 
npmdHoeamtM pyccKoit UepKotibio nasmmu "Bcex Csn- 
mbix - e 3€Mie Pycacau npocwteuiux. He xcHoe .w into, 
daoKe d.ix aenbix, inaueuue moro, tmo co6btmux.\tu 
pyKoeodum Bbtctuw Bam? B intern nucmo pyccKuu tu 
mo.ibKO pyccKuu) npajduuK. coeduneuHbiu c dnev 



M3 67.108 u,epKeeu u ^acoaew deucmaymmu- 
mu ocmaeanucbOKono 350, U3 €4 npaeauiux apxu- 
epeee u 68.140 npux ode kozo dyxoeewemea ocy- 
wecme/tfiiw ceoS cnymemie 4 apxuepeit u He 
6onee 500 CBnmeHHOcnymumeneu. 1000 Monac- 
nrbipeu 6binu zaxpbimbi, MOHacmbipcxan xu3Ht> 
nuKBudupoeana. YHUHmomeHbi 4 dyxoeHbie ana- 
deMuu, 57 ceMunapuu. 185 dyxoanbtx yvunuui.. Flo 
0NMHM Komuccuu no peaSunumauuu mepma no- 
numunecKux penpeccuu npu npeiudenme Poc- 
cuucKou 0edepauuu monbKo 3a nepuod 1937- 
1941 zz. 6bino penpeccupoeaMo 175.800 nped- 
cmaeumeneu npaeocnaenozo dyxoaencmea, 113 
Komopbix paccmpenHHo -110.700. rowewun 06- 
pyiuunucb He monbKo na dyxoaeHcmao, ho u Ha 
eepywmux uuppH. 




ApxnenncKon Hoshh (LLIaxoBCKOn) 
Poflwncn a 1902 r. s MocKBe. OceHbio 1915 r. 
nocTynun s HMnepaTopcKHii AnencaHflpoacKHH nn- 
L4ew. KOTopwii aaKOHHwn b paarap peaoniouMM. B 
1918 r. ecTynwn b floSpoBonbMecKyio apMMio rene- 
pana AM flemiKHHa nocne ee nopa*eHWfl 3Mnrpn- 
posan. B 1921 r, aamioneH e napn>KCKyK)CB06oflHyK3 
ujKony nonMTiwecKHx Hayst, a b 1922 r. - wa skoho- 
MHsecKoe OTflenenne JlyaeHcuoro yHMaepcuTeTa s 
Be/ibrHM, no BoacpeceHbRM a/iTapHH4an e 6pK3c- 
cenbCKOM xpaMe Cb HnKonan My^OTBopua. Bbchom 
1926 r. npHHnn Ha Acpone MOHaujecKkiw nocTpur. C 
1 932 no 1 945 r - HacTonTe/ib CBflTo-BnaflHMnpCKo- 
ro xpaMa a Bepnime. rto okohhshmk bomhw apxn- 
MaHApHT HoaHH nepeexan a DapHM. 3aTeM - b CL11A. 
rfle a 1947 r, cran enwcKonoM. a s 1961 r. ~ apxn 
enncKonoM AMepuxaHCKofi npaBOcnaaHovt L4epx- 
bh. CKOH^ancn b 1 989 r. 



• KAPTA' M> *3-4J 20QS 






4 KPACHOE HOJIECO 



ss 




BoccmanoenBHue uspneeu n& oxxynupoeaHHbix meppumcpimx Kpecm ■ 



u caacmutsa «e Hagpy3Ky» 

(Kadpbl KUHOXpOHUKU) 



aocKpecemui. nataiocb aateiHoeeHue deMOHCKUX xpu- 
ko« r'tmmepHai(uoHaia» c jaiuu PycCKOU,.. Cuopo, cko- 
popyccKoe ma\tst tuoebemcx nad ospmittbtMu ociadOMU 
aeii'iiKwiiou lumepamypht Xfyienutcu aepbt Xpucmoaou, 
u uyiemtKU jio&hu k n.itutcue.w. u .uyveituKU npaedbi 
<teao6enecKOU aniuoym m ceoux 3acmeH>coe... Omnpo- 
fomcs otKsepnennbie xpa\tu u ocnxmnmcx .uojumeou, 
Ciwutewtwiu. podumeiu u nedaswu 6ydym enveb om- 
KpbtmnyMumb demeii ucmtwe E#aH^e.7ux.,. 3mo 6ydem 
ma «nacxa cpedu ,iema», a Komopoit 100 .tern many 
Htk tad, n npo'jpeuuu padocmnoso dyxa. npopotecmao- 
6M SMtiKuii aamou PyccKou 3tL\au. npenodooHbiu Ce- 
putjiuM CapoecKiiii. Jemo npuuuo, aimxa pyccKast 
Uacxajf. 

C ero mhchhcm b nepBoe Bpe%ia ou.iii cor/iacnw 

Mtionie Ml IMIirpaHTOB BHeUJHHX H IMHrpaHTOB ttBHVT- 

penmix» - Bcex Tex. kto hc nptiHan ciajiHHCKHfl pe*MM. B 
oT.iiwueoT coBCTCKoro npaBurtMbCTBa HcvieuKtte B.iacm 

Ha MHorux okk\ nnpoBaHHwx TeppwTopmix npoBomin 
oioib npoay waHHyto no.Tinnk-y b oTHowemtii Hace.ie- 
Hiia. Ohh ncnojit>ioBa.nt HaKomiBtijyiocJi MeHaBiicTb.iio- 
aefl k pesKHMV. npenojHOCJt ceo"* KaK inoaBirre.iett ot 
6ej6oa;HOfiB.iacTn.OTKpb!.ii]Cb3arTpemeHHb]e npuCoBe- 
rax uepKBd. n cpa3y ace o6Hapy*tLiocb. hto npHBHBae- 
Mbifl KOMMVHticTauii aTciHM OKasauics HecocTOHTe;ib- 
hwm. Uopkbii om.th nojiiiu. ajifojii fijiaroaapHW, nero, 

CdScTBCHHO. OKKVnaUKOHKbie B.18CTH II .To6nBa.THCi> 

BCmOACHCKC BHIO.ie 1941 r. OU.l.lMKBIUIipOBaH 

MyMHaronMa, pacno.iaraBumfica BYcneHCKOMcofiope. 
lOaBrjcTaa STOMCooopeobt.T otc.tokch Mo.ieoeH rtepea 
HathcHHbiM HanarnHe xeMetiKitMH co.uaTa.Mn it \cTa- 

HOB.leHHfalM B codope 1V.20TB0pHb.IM CmtCKOM HKOHbl 

«OjnrirrpHJif>, nepea kotopum b 1812 r. mo.iilich ita 
kopo.iiiHCKOVt no.ie reHepa.T-<pe.ib;i,Mapiiia;i M.H. K\t\3ob. 
B male 194 1 r. noc.te.iHKBiuiaiuiH hcmcukhmh dkk>- 
'iaiiiuiniiUMHB.iacTHMH\r> , 3e«aTeniMa, HaxoaiiBujerocJi 
b TpoiiiiKOMcoooperiCKOBCKoro Kpeujifr. 3T0T 3HasieHii- 
Tbin xpavi 6w;i nepeaaK Pj cckoh II pa hoc laBHOfl IJepKBii. 
22 Mapia 1942 B hcm ow.ia ycrano».iei!a (ipiiBCJi : Hnan 
Hcviei!i;nMnco.inaTaMHinocKBi.-pHi, i HHoroKaMM\K!itra- 

W) ntXBHHCk'OrOMOHaCTbipjINyjOTBOpHaH TllXBHHCKaH 

iiKOHa BcKKbcR MaTepit. 



Bcero Ha TeppiiToptm. laHHTofi repwaHCKHMii Bottc- 
scaMH, 3a nepnoa oKKynauMM 6bi:io otkputooko.io 1 0.000 
x pa MOB. 

PHT-iep HenaBitjie.1 xpiicTitaHCTBO. no npoaa.iH.1. b 
oT.iHHneoTCTa.iHHa, no.Te3HyioeMy rnoKOCTb:«BiOHocTii 
s rrpinHaBaji oaHo.inujb cpeacTBo: atiHaMHT. Jlmiib no- 
33Hee a nonan; b 3tom ae.ie He-ib3S .TOMaTb vepe3 Koaeno. 
HyiKHo noao>KiiaTb. noKa uepKOBb crHiieT ao KOHua. no- 
jo6ho 3apa*eHH0M> ranrpenoH opraHy. Hy>KHoaoBecTM 
20 Toro. hto c aviBOHa 6y.i\ r BemaTb caiouib aypaKH. a 
c.TyiuaTb HxSyayr ojihh crapy xn». 

y 4»aiIIHCTCKOH BCpxVlUKII Obl.ta CBOH Bepa - HCOH3W- 
4CCK3fl. HO (})aiI]HCTbl 110 OTHOllieHHtO K XpilCTHaHCKOH 

uepKBx ou.ih HacTpoenw He peBO.DOuitoKHO. a nparMa- 

THHHO: c«HeCOMHeHHO TO. '(TO CTpeMflUJHMCM K pe.TIIITtH 
VtaCCaM OKKy DHpOBaHHblX OblBUlHX COBeTCKItX OO-iaCTCfl 

HajLieiKHT cHOBa aaTb KaKyio-To qSopviy pennnm, ■■ nnca.i 
b cebpeTHOfi aupehTHBeo pe.Tnrno3Hofi no.iiiTHKe Ha Bo- 
CTOKe ot 31 OKTflopjt 1941 r. P. refiapux. ...Kpafine 
HeofixoaiiMO BocnpeTHTb BceM nonaw BHocHTb s cbofo 
nponoBeab one ho k BepoitcnoBejannfl 11 oiiHOBpevteHHO 
no3a6oriiTbcJi o tom, htoou bosmojkho CKOpee C03jaTb 
HOBbiii iciacc nponosejiHtiKOB. KOTopbifioyjeT bcoctos- 

HHH llOC.Te C0OTBeTCTBVK)UierO. XOTfl It KOpOTKOrO 00) Me- 

HiiJi T0.iK0BaTb Hapojy cbo6oih\ k> oTeBpeRcKoro b,thji- 
hhji pe.iHrHK). He ho. ito 3aiciiotteHHe KinopaHHoro Bo- 



W*ip 


«r 


I'M 






> _*^» * J^i^- 


irrMB 


."'«■ 




_^_ 




V^jAt^ JP 




^9 









EepeucicuQ nospow e KaynaccKOM zemmo 1941 s 



Uffl 



61 



4 KPACHDE KflflECO 




4 KPACHDE KOflECO 



6t 




Hb cmp. 60-61 ncxoe. 22 uapma 1941 e. Kpecmnbiii xod e wecmt rrepedavu neine^uuu enacmftm 
Pyccmu npaeocnaoHOQ tfeprou ukohu TuxquhckoS Boxbeu uarmpu (nadpb) kuhoxpohuku) 



*w**artaor5 



G2 



4 KPACHQE KDJ1EC0 



roM Hapoaa» b rerro h ncKopeHemie 3Toro Hapoaa... He 
JO.l*H0HapVUiaTbCB a\ xobchctbom. KOTopoe. hcxojjj in 
ycraHOBKn 1 IpaBocaaBnoii UepKBii. nponoBeayeT. 6yaTO 
iicue.ieHtie Mitpa Beaer cbos Ha<iaao ot eBpeficTBa». 

B 1 94 1 roay MHorneco.i-iaTH iioiJiHHephi BepMaxTa. 
b OTHHHiie ot HeosnuiecKoro cocTaaa CC. npoHiBoamm 
6.iaronp»aTKoe BneiaT.iemie Ha okk> niiposaHHoe Hace- 
.lemie. ticK-Ttonaji. Kone4HO, nosceviecTHO j*Hnmo»;ae- 
mwx eBpeeB ii iiwraH. CoxpaHKancbCBHaexeabCTBa ti o 
cayianx ahTHBHoro coaeftcTBim (j)awncTaM b eBpeftcKiix 
norpowax. 

PyccKas flpaBociaBHaH UepKOBb. BepHee to. hto ot 
nee ocrarocb k 1941 roay. b OTJinine ot 3apv6e#HOft 
MpaBoc.iaBHOtt UepKBH. peanipoBa.ia Ha (fiaimicTCKoe »a- 
uiecTBiiecoBceM iiiiaie. MecTo6.itocTHTe.il. naTpHapme- 
ro ripecToaa Mirrponojim Cepnill (CTapropoacKHft) e nep- 
Kbif'i vku icHb Buiinbi nariHca.1 <« noc.Tamie B8CT«p«W B 
nacoMbiM XpHCTOBofl npaBoc.TaBHon L[epKBn»; 

tt0auittcmey)outue pajoowniKU nanaiu na Hawy 
Podum- flonupax ecxhtie do,?oeopb> u oSeufamia, omt 
one j at wo oopywtuucb >ta hoc. u eom Kpoet> MttpHhix 
spa.ytcdun y:)tce opoutaem podnyto 3eM.no. floemopxiomcx 
epeMena BambtH, MtLueUKUX pbttfapett, k'ap.ia LUaedcKO- 
20, Hano.ieoHa. JKaitcue nomauKU epacm npaeoaiaexo- 
30 xpucmuaitcmea xomxm eut e pai nonbtmambcx nocma- 
eamb iiapod nam ua xaieuu neped nertpaedou. Ho He 
nepebtu pay npuxodumai pyccKO.\ty napody ebtdepotcu- 
<tamb maKiie ucnbtmaum. C Bomcucu noMoufbio u no ceit 
pa3 oh pameem e rtpax tpaut ucmcKvta epaatcecKyio ciny... 
BcnoMHiiM vHxmbtx eoxOeu pyccKoeo napoda AieKcau- 
()pu HescKoco, JJiLuumpia JoncKoeo, na.ia.-'aeuiux ceou 
t)ytuu la Hapod u Poduny. Jfa u He maibico aojicdu ymo 
de.ta.iu. BcnoMHUu Heitctuc.iu.vhie mhtcstiu npocmbtx 
npaeociasHbix eoiiHoe... npaeociaenas nam a Uepnoeb 
ecesda paideitua cydboy napoda. B.uecme c hum oho 
itcnhinutftiai necia uyttwutaiacb eeoyawumu. Heocma- 
mtm oua napoda cnoeco u menepb. S.iasoao&mem oho 
iteriecHhtM nwocitxtenuem it npedcmoftu(ttn aceitapod- 
Hbtit nodaur... u.\tenno hom nyxao no.\mumb 3anoeedb 
Xpucmtmy: "Baibuie cex .itooee hukmo Jice itxianib. da 
Kmodywy ceaio no.ioMcum la dp\;ru c«ox...» tlln. 14, 13). 



iiiTAiAUifc z.\ Mwyprmit * Py«i«H 

fl,vii.Ji>.,-.i.n.'i' Mt.iKtiH r, ^ini Owr 
t'chiiiH.-n b»khm tj«ir- i^'l* rr 

77 <HtJa,\H to.tr ih.t.Kftt.l ttUkUWt* IM' 

Ji tuil-o. I.'».t.i.i>><ji&ii iv,V" J 'A 1 ' 1 ' !,i " 

''?U V B ■* ,IM,tT " " ')"iSr ,, ' rj V "■' '■»"*' ■' 
L/f* ritlA filH T*M II 11 IJMKt-IUCW »'i.in 
"*'-' Hill H (IJiltHVIl Mi: (I tO hJlill ItJUIlK 

Iv^, tci-pjuiiei, in iui.ai) imi (reri'tii-rn mi 

'ft.) M fijif UTII IMTUMH IUUI4. III*! jM W«l 

rJ-tvT Bsjr.i.Cnjiiiti'i^t* luut.n m^huh h*i , 

Ji^i, <A4ftl.l M^M HUMMM Tn»lf#. H il iriliu 
.».»'i-i* k tUM i.iiiMi.i, jH-rniMJ* M J in I in K "J 
Ai-w I I^Jil.lirhiiM r ^(^iii'Fi.ii'.'piTi ri y^iHTi 

(IMIIHIH 0IP I'M!!*,}*. I'.-III.',^*. CO Ik'tJillT ll^rlJi 



Wan. nacmbtpRV UepKeu. e moepe,\ut. Kvfda Omeiecnmo 
npmbteaem scex na nodsum, Hedocmauno qydem .luuth 
vo.Jia.imo nocMampueamb na mo. imo Kpyetw oe.iaem- 
at. .vaiodyutHwo hc anodpurrth, m-npienHOPo >w yme- 
uiitnib. KO.ie6.iioute.MycM ne nanoMnumb odo.ve uoeaie 
Eojtcueu. A eciu cnepx mo t -o Mattatueocmb nacmbtpx. 
e^oHSKacamcihcmeoK nepe-Ttataae-vavty nacnmou o6&K~ 
ftttmca eiye u .nvaabiMu cooopoMceHunun Haciem noj- 
soiuojiCHbix abit'od Ha moit cmopone spaHiiubi. mo imo 
6yoem nptiMOM uaMGta Potittue u cttoe.vy naatutpcKOMy 
ao.i?y. nocKo.ibxy Uepumt ttyjtceH nacntbtpb. Hecytttuit 
cooK) eayaefjjy ucmuuHo "padu Ifucyca. a uepadu x.ie6a 
KT-cov, kok Bbtpa.waicfi eaxmumeib JuMumpin) Poc- 
moecKutt, rioioDtcuM Jtce Oyutu ceou avtecme c HOtueu 
nacmsou... Uepno&b 6.ia?oao&wem acex npaaochtti- 
Hbtx »a 3au{umy ceftUjeitHbtx rpauttn nauteit PoriuHtt. 
Focnodb uav dapyem nooedy». 

riocia Hue 3T0 pa3peuibi h sannraTb a \pa\iax Tan bKO 
dHion* 1941 t".,Hepe-jaBajHJinocjieo6pameHiiflCTaiiina, 

B pemi Ha Ap.xtiepefiCKOw Cofiope 1 943 roja mht- 
pononifT Cepriffi, BcnovinHas Ha'iajio BofiHbi. roaopiLi: 
»0 tom. KaKvio noiiiuiiio ao.T/KHa ian«Tb Hama UepKOBb 

BO BpeMfl BOHHW. H3M H6 npHXOJHUlOCb ia;t\MblBai».CB. 

noTOMy hto npe»ue ieM mu ycnejiii oiipeac.THTb ksk- 
HKoy.ib csoe no.To - *eHHe, oho ywe onpeae.in.TOCb — 
(jiaiiiHCTbi nana.m Ha Hauiy cTpaHy. ee onycrouiaan. vbo- 

JtHBH B TLieH HaUIHX COOTeteCTBCHHHKOB. BCSieCKH HX TaM 

mvhiuih. rpa6iLTH». y»ceB nepBbte Mecsiibi bohhw PflU, 
CTa.iaocyuiccTB.isTb coop aeHe*'Hbix ii apyntx \iaTepH- 
aTbHbixcpe.TCTB. BemeBwx ii npoay ktobwx nocbuoK. koto- 
pbte nepeaaBa,THCb b ipOHa oSopoHbi. K kohuv soHhu 
6u.io co6paHOOO.iee 300.000.000 py6aefl. ne cmrras apa- 
roueHHOcrefi. BeuieH h npoayKTOB. 

BJTeHHHrpaae.HecM oip « h a tb *e.ie ft m m e y c.i ob ji n 
oaoKaauc 1941 no 1944rr.. npaBOCjiaBHbieBep>ioiiiiie 
BHec.iHB<t>OHaooopoHbi oojiee 13 mth. py6. 

DepBbie asa roaa bohhw no.io>K'eMiit; uepKBii. ne- 
cMotpB na ee coaeftcTane npaBHTejibCTBy b y KpenacmiM 
naipnoTinMa. ocTaBaaocb npe^cHHM. To.ibKo aa.ibHefi- 
liieepaipyiiieHiiecoaBmioTeMnbi. Ho. HeoaaiaaHHO aj« 
6o.ibuieBHhOB. HeMHoroiKC.ieHHbie uepKBncTa.inianoii- 

HBTbCB .TlOabM H. B MOCKBC f OTOBS meficfl K OITTBC C tjiaillM' 

cxaMH. xpawu 6bt.iH lanoiHCHbi ran. iTO«a6.ioK\ nerae 
obiaoy nacTb», KaK bchom wiaiOT o«ieBnaiibi. EfltBKoe rope 
h cMepTbaeaa-iaapyrofl CTpax-ncpea HKB fl-ropaiao 
MeHee 3HaHHTe.TbHbiM. 

Kohchho, uepKOBb ooabuie noceuia.nr achqihhu: 
viaTepii, *eHM. cecTpw. HeaecTbi - «5eaue n.iaT04KH», 
K8K kx HatwuiiHToraa. Ho BCKopecrajiH npHxoaim> mvx- 
miihw: yxoaji nine na (j>poHT ilih B03BpaTiiBimiecH c paw 

HHHMH. HVJOM OCTaBIUHeCJl B UsHBblX - «B OKOnaX H6I 

aTencTOB». ApxHMaHapHT Hoann (LUaxoBCKoft) onitcbi' 
sa.1 cboC noceuieHiie b 1942 r. oijiHuepch'oro aarepsi I 
OKpecTHOCTHX 5aj-KiiccnHreHa. «B hSm coaepiKa.iocbOKO- 
ao Tpfx TbicsH coBeTCKiix KOMananpoB, raaBHbiM oopa- 
aoM. MoaoawxaeftTeHaHTOB; ho 6buiH h mrao-o^Huepbi- 
b ocooom ua m i i i . . . Mo%ho npeacraBMn. moS yanaaeHHe. 
Koraa cpeaw 3Tiix coBercKitx o^MtiepoB, poatiBtuHxi 



KAPTA' U43-14 2X 



4 KPACHQE KOJIECO 



63 




B*orpa0na naTpnapxa 

Cepnw (CTa pro poflc koto) 

flo 1941 roAa. 

MBaw HnKOJiaesnH 
CTapropoflCKMfi pOAWi- 
cn a ceMbe cbhlhehmh- 
Ka AneKcueBCKoro mo- 
HacTbtpft e r. Apaawace 
11 HHBapn 1867 rofla. 
3aKOHMkt/i ApaaMac- 
CKoe flyxoBHoe y^Mnw- 
me. HnjKeropoflCKyro 
ceMMHapuKj vi Deiep- 
6yprcKyto flyxoBHyio 
AtfaaeMMio. 30 HHBapn 
1890 r. 6w/i nocrpM- 

XBH B MOHatueCTBO C 

HMeneM Ceprwti b necTb 
npenoflo6HOro Ceprun BajiaaMcxoro. MarMcrep- 
cxafl flMccepTaqMfl. 3amnii4eHHan b 1895 rofly, 
BbwsuHyna ero b p*m BMflHbix npaBocnaBHux 
SorocnoaOB CBoero BperueHH B 1890 rofly 
wepoMOHax Ceprww npwexan b Tokmo, ocBoun 3a 
HecKOnbKO MecnLies flnoncKnii aswk m cra/i oa- 
hhm M3 6nnwaMumx noMoinHHKOB apxnenwcKona 
Hutconan ripenoaaBan AorMarvmecKoe 6orocno- 
Bue b ceiwnHapn»x Kkoto m Tokmo, a raiofce b 
1891-92 rr. cnywwn CBHiijeHHUKOM Ha pycCKOM 
Kpeirtcepe «naMSTb A3oea» B 1983 r nepeBe- 
aen b (lerepeypr, noTOM b MocxoBCKyio ayxoB- 
Hyw AxafleMHKJ na flonwHocrb MHcnexTopa. C 
1894 no 1896 roflbi wepoMOHax Ceprvivt - HacTo- 
flTenb pycCKOM noconbCKOfi qepKBM b AcpMHax. 
TaM oh 5bni B03Be,qeH b caw apxwMaHflpMTa. 
3aTeM BHOBb cneayeT Hanpaa/ieHne b flnoHHto. 
we apxuMaHflpMT CeprMtf cnyw*T flo 1899 rofla. 
B HHBape 1901 rofla yKasoM CBflTekiwero Chho- 
fla 6yflymnM MUTpono/iwT Ha3Ha46H peKTOpOM 
CaHKT-neTep6yprcKoii AKafleMnn. a 25 (fceBparm 
Toro we rofla a Cbhto-Tpohljkom co6ope Anex- 
caHflpo-HeBCKOM Jlaapw cocro«/iacb ero xnpo- 
TOHKfi s enwcxona flMSypcxoro, TpeTbero Buxa- 
pvw CaHKT-DeTep6yprcKOii enapxwti. Rpn cfloeM 
Hapenennn Monofloii enwcxon npon3Hec penb, b 
kotopom BMflHa nepcneKTusa ecero nocneflyio- 
utero cnyweHMn: «Bbrrb we nacTUpeM - 3HawT 

«HTb He CBOetO OCOSOM WH3HbK), WMTb «H3HblO 

nacTBbi 6oneTb ee ooneanbio. Hecm ee HeMomn 
c eflUHCTaeHHoii qenbio: nocnyxcMTh ee cnace- 
hmkj. yiwepeTb. MroSbi ona 6bina wvma. McTWHHbiw 
nacibipb nocTOHHHo, b eweflHeBHOM aejiaHMM 
CBoeM "flyujy caoio no/iaraeT 3a OBUbi", OTpera- 
etcq err ce6a, or cbohx npMBbmex u yflo6crB, ot 
ceoero caMonioSMR, totob nowepTBOBai-b caMoti 
*M3Hbio n flawe flyujOH CBoeii paflM qepxan 
ApMCToaoii. paflM AyxoBHoro 6naronoJiy^MS cno- 
aecnoro crajaas, 

VMacTHe Ceprwii (CTapropOflcxoro) ■ «Pe- 
IWVtOSHO-dpMJloCOtpCKMX co6paHHftx» (1901-1903 

n ) cnocQOCTBoaajiM c6nwweHdio cBeTcxo« mh- 




MHmpoHuaamjti flampuapxa Cepsusi 1943 j 



Te/inwreHuwH c PyccKOtf npaBoaiaeHOM Mepxo- 
Bbto. B 1905 r. oh Ha3HaneH enHCKonoM na 
caMOCTonTenbHyto OHHnnHflcxyio w BwSoprc- 
xyio xatpeflpy c BoaaefleHneM b caH apxnenncKo- 
na. B 1911 rofly apxnennc»con CepmM craHOBm-- 
cb MneHOM CBHTeviLuero CnHOfla. b 1912 r. Ha3Ha- 
^eH npeflceaaTeneM npeflcoSopHoro coBeaia- 
Hun, a b 1913 rofly BoamaBun yMeGHbiw komwt6T 
B 1917 r. BpeMeHHoe npasMTejibcrao pacny- 
ctmjio npewHuti cocrae CnHOfla EflMHCTBeHHbiM 
ncKjitoneHneM 6wn apxnen«CKon Ceprnii B ero 
CTopowy noc/ibwjanncb nepBwe ynpexn b OTcyT- 
ctbmh co^waapHOCTn. ApxMenMCKOn Ceprwii c 
1917 r. 5 neT Boamaajinn B^aflMMMpcxyio na- 
*eflpy 28 H0fl6pn 1917 r BoasefleH b caH mut- 
pononiATa. y4acTB0Ban a paSoTe noMectHoro 
CoQopa 1917-1918 rr , norfla 6binn aa/ioweHbi 
ochobw ycrpoiiCTBa Pni4. no3BO^nBiuMe ew ne 
yracHyrb a roflw rpawflaHCKOrt bomhw h arpec- 
cuBHoro aTewsMa B 1922 roay 6bin oahhm M3 
Tpex MHTponojiHTOB. noflnMcaBUJMX t.h. «Me(wo- 
paHflyu Tpex», a kotopom «o6HOBneH4eHCKoe» 
Bwcyuee LlepKOanoe ynpaBneHne np^3HaBanocb 

KaHOHHMeCKOM SaKOHHOM BnaCTbK). K «06HOBJieH- 

HecTBy» npHMKHyna nacrb enncxonara h Kfiupa: 
OflHn c wenaHneM ynyMLueHMn oTfleribHbix cTopon 
uepKOBHOM WM3HM, Apyrue - M3-aa ropflbiwn vt 
HecToraoSuR a SonbujuHCTBO - no pacrepnHHOC- 




Hampuapx Cepauu e cboqm pa&meM uaBemmB 



anri) 



4 KPACHOE KQJ1ECO 




riampuapx Capeuu »a oJmom ua cxoux nocmdwx 
5osocnyMteHuO. 1943 s. 

™. Flo3we MWTpononuT Ceprww 3a«Bnn o npenpa- 
aieHHH oOmeHua c AesrrenRMM «hobow aeMoxpa- 
Tvmecxow uepKB«», Tatotce Ha3bJBaeMow «mnBan 
qepKOBb», a b 1923 r. npMHec noKaswwe naTpvtap- 
xy TMxowy B tom we roay nepewen Ha Hnwero- 
poflCKyio Kacpeapy 

nocne CMepnt f"laTpnapxa TwxoHa HaMancn 
AonrMii 3Tan npOTWBOCTOflHHfi fleyx BeTBew PDI4 
- PycCKOii h 3apy5e5KHOti. B 1925 r Murpono/im- 
Cepmvi. nocne apecrra MMTpononwra rierpa (llo- 
rmHCKoro). narpMapuiero MecroSntocTHTenn no 
saBemaHwo riaTpwapxa Titxona. acrynaeT b mc- 
nonneHwe ero npas w oBflsaHHocreM. Haaeas 
ce6n «3aMecTwTe/ieM naTpMapiuero MecToSnioc- 
Tt*TenH». 

Caviaa sajKHan 3aA3Ma. cTOSBwan nepea mkt- 
pononnTOM CepraeM nocne pa3peLuennsi KOHtp- 
nuiaa, cocTOnna a neranHaaunn uepKOBHOM mm- 
hm, ho n/iara 3a jiera/in3aMwio, npeflbnaneHHan 
ooribiiieenKaMn, 6t>ma apaKOHOBCKOft; 

- HspaHiie aeKnapauMM onpefleneHHoro co- 
AepwaHMfl (secb Mwp AonmeK own y3naTb o tow. 
mto Py cocas flpaaocjiaBHaji UepxoBb He noA- 
BepraeTCfl hukskmm roneHnsM) 

- ocywfleHne aarpaHMMHbix enwCKonoB e cny- 
wae mx HenoAMUHeHHH uepKOBHow a/iacm. b Poc- 
chm: 

- KOHTpOflb 33 UepKOBbKJ CO CTOpOHbl rOCy- 

AapcrBa. 

3th ycnoBHfl He npHHHiw hh MKTpononMT 
neTp, apecTOBaHHwCi b 1925 rofly, hh MWTpono- 
nMT Ceprnti, specTOBSHHutf b 1926 r HpaBAa. 
cnycTfl 3.5 Mecfiya ero ocboSoaww, ^o aapoH ki- 
no coMHenirtfl b yMax npaBOcnaBHbix. M no ceii 
A6Hb 6biTyer MHeHkie o tom, mto MMeHHO TorAa 
MMTponojiMT Ceprww acTynmi Ha nyrb coTpyAHH- 
necTBa c my, w noaTBep)KfieHi4eM aroro corna- 
LueHMfl ABMnacb «HyxHan» BnacTK «flennapam*n 
1927 roAa», KOTOpaa noTpe6oBana ot 3apy6ex- 
hmx enHCKonoa nncbMeHHOro o6fl3arenbCTBa b 
noflnbHOCTM CoseTCKOMy npaBHTefibCTBy 

B 1 930 r nana riwfi XI o6paTnncs k Bepy»ou4MM 
MHpa c npH3WBOM MonnTbCfl o cnaceHMH Pyc- 
ckom UepKBM 3to Mapyujuno BHeujHenoJiwTWMec- 



Ktie nnaHbi CCCP. CpwHo noTpeBoBanocb on- 
poBepmeHne HHtpopMauwH o roHeHnsx e 3apy- 
6emHoCi nenam rtpaiannecKoe ocymecTBneHHe 
aroro MeponpHBTHH BHOBb 6bino nopyneno Ha- 
HanbHHKy III OTAexieHMfl CeKpeTHO-non«Tw^ecKO- 
ro OTAena omy E.A. TyMKOBy, AaBneMy (euje b 
1919 r) m onbrmoMy McnonHHTenKD SoribUJUHCTBa 
rocyAapCTBeHHbix am-npennrno3Hbix aKUMi* Oh 
npeAnoKMJi MKTponoriHTy BbicrynnTb na npecc- 
KOH(pepeHLiMM nepeA )KypHanncTaMn c onposep- 
weHiieM MHpoBoro oSiyecTseHHoro MHeHMR 
roHSHUH hs uepKOBb b CCCP. 

B OTBeT MmpononwT BbmawHyn cboh ycno- 
bms: B/iacTb npuHKMaeT Tpe6osaHnn MWTpononM- 
Ta Ceprids o 3HaHwre/ibHOM o6nemeHnn cyme- 

CTBOBaHMB PyCCKOM HpaBOC/iaBHOH UepKBM b 

6e36oxHOM OKpy»eHnui. 15 cpespann 1930 roAa 
cocTonnacb KOH0epeHi4HB, rAe MMTponojiMT Cep- 
niH 3aBBwn. uto «penpecc«w. ocytnecranfleMwe 
CoBeTCKMM npaBHTeribCTBOM b oTHouieHHM sepy- 
(oiuMx n CBfliyeHHocnywMTe/ieM, npuMeHntoTcs k 
hum OTHKJAb He 3a hx pennrno3Hb)e y6e>iv»eHMn. 
a b oomew nopFAKe. ksk v\ x APyr^M rpawAanaM, 
aa paanvtsHwe npoTMBonpaBMTenbCTBeHHbie Aen- 
hhsb. A TatoKe: «C4«raeM HeoSxoAMMbiM yxa- 
33Tb, uto nac Kpa^He yAHBnner HeAasnee o6pa- 
meHwe rianw Phmckqto nporviB CoBeTotoM ana- 

CTVt. ...Mbl CHMTaeM H3HHLUHHM \A HeHyJKHWM 3TO 

BbicrynneKMe rtsnbi PHMCKoro. b kotopom mu, 
npaBocnaBHbie, coBepiueHHO He HyxyiaeMCfl». 

Mm-pononuT CeprHM co3HaTenbHO noiuen Ha 
KOMnpoMwcc c CoBeTaMM, 03HaMaBuiMM no cyvA 
pa3pws c 3apy5e>xHOH npaBocnaBHow UepKO- 
Bbio. Oh cnwran, mtto npewAe scero HaAO coxpa- 

HMTb yepKOBb B POCCWM. Cp33y )tce nOCne KOH0e- 

peHUMH nauMfin.r CwivtAOBiwa BbiJis OTnpaene- 
H3 «naMWTHa« 3anncra o Hy»max npaBOcnaBHOti 
naTpnapLueki l4epK8n b CCCPs Ona BwiiOHHjia b 
ceBs 21 nyHKT, a kotopwx MMTpononm Cep™s 
H3nownn see HapytueHnn mMerou4erocfl 3aKOHO- 
A3TenbCTB3 o xyjibTax. Ho HaAe>KAb< era 6btnn 
HanpacHW, M3 Bcex npocb6 MWTpononMTa Bnacrb 
yfiOsneTBopnna OAny paapetueHO 6wno H3Aa- 
BaTb «>KypH3n Mockobckom llaTpMapxMn». KOTO- 
pbiii BwxoAnn HeperynflpHO. hotom 6bin 33- 

KpWT Vl BHOBb CTan W3AaBaTbCfl TOflbKO c 1943 

ro«a. 




floxopoHbi nampuapxa Cepsun 1944 3. 



KAPTA' H> 43-44 JOG! 



4 KPACHDE I0JIECO 



15 




Mumpononum HuieonaO (Rpyuieeuv) 



noc.ie OKTsfipfl. cpa3y we oprami wBa.ica ucpKOBKbi B xop. 
cnesuiiifloesHOT sera Jitm-priiio. ripn6.iti3trre.ii.Hono.io- 

MIH8 ILieHHWX laXOTCtlt HptlHSTb VHaCTHe B LiepKOBHOfi 

cjiyxroe. oouien ncnoBeaH it npiNacTiunckCBJtTwx TaftH. 
B iTofi ttocuKe MeH* conpoaoioan o. AjreKcaHjp Kuce- 
jifiB... Mw ocra-iiicb no^ orpOMHUM Bne i iaT.ieHne\i ot 

3T0H BClpCH II C HeCHaCTHUMH. pai.13B.ieHHl.IMH H BOHKOH. 
It .lltllteilHHMII, 1! \ HltWeHHHMH pVCCKHMH .HOJlbMHX 

CymectByioT MKoromic.ieHHue CBH.ieTe.ii.cTBa o 

BO3BpameHHHC0BeTCKHX.TK>jefi KBCpe SOBpeMHBOfiHbl. 

«Horne BocnpitHtiMaiH $auntcTCKoe HaiuecTBHe KaK 

•<OM'l b0"**HH». 

I9oKTfl6pji 1941 r. nopeuieKHtocoBeTCKoronpaBii- 

TtJibCTBa MHTpono.iHT MockoBCKHtt Cepi hh (Crapropoj- 
ckhh) ii MHTpono-iirr KneBCMiii HnKo.iafi (JlpyuieBHH) c 
He5ojibuioft rpynnofi npaBocjiaBHoro ayxoBeHCTBa h cbh- 
tueHHoc;iy>Ki!Te:iHMH HeKorapux jp\ nix KOHtpeccHnfibi.iH 

3B3K) lipOBaHbl B y.-IbHHOBCK. Tile K 3T0MY BpCMCHH ObUH 

ywe paipuueHu noHTHBce xpa\tbi. Hepe3Mecjm Mirrpo- 
no.iHT CeprHft h vurrpono.nn HtiKOJiatt BbinycriLiti 
nepaoe b >BaK>aumi nocjiamie k nactBc: 

xTunnepoecKUU .uaiox npodoxncaem eeiuambMupv. 
6ydma fm on noOHtn.uev "»a wu'umy peiUPitu» u "cna- 
ce»ue»MKo6bi nopyvawtouaepbi. Hoeceuy.vupyaedo.vo. 
imo mo uaaoue ada jjtcueou .iuhuhou (hwotecmtot 




Monumaa a nodsde Mumpononum Huxonau (fipyujeeuv) 



mo.ibKO npuKpbinaem ceou xioOcxhuh. Bo ecex nopafia- 
<m>nnhtx hm cmpanax oh meopum wycHbte Hadpy?ame.7b- 
cmeanad ceooodoucoeecmu. ujdeeaemca Had cexmbtnu- 
uu. Savdavu pa3pytuaem xpavbt Eaincmi. 6pocaem e 
miopMibi u Ka3num xpucmuancKUX nacmmpeu. iHOUm a 
rmopbMox eepytoufux. eoccmaeutux npomua e?o 6e3VM- 
hou 2opdhiHu, npomue tvo 3a.ubtc.10e ymeepdumb ceoio 
camanuiiCKyio ejacmb Had sceu 3e.v,ieii. npaeociaeHbte. 
oeoicamuue m (pawucmcKoso men a. noeedaiu nau a 
riy.v.ienuu tpawucmae Had xpa.via.uu>>. 

B 3tom noc.iaHitit or itcaHiie «3.io,aejiHHH rm.iepoB- 
CKoro MOJioxa» b tohhocth coBnajaeT co xiojejiHtisMH 
coBeTCKoroxiojioxa. 06b (menu* CepniH mokho npejn>H- 

BltTbKOOOHM aHTIIXpHCTHaHCKHM pejKHM3M. H HaBCpHOe. 

B3THX aHTH(j)auiiicTCKnx noc-iammx naTpitapuinft MecTo- 
ojHocTtrrenb BbicKasa.! Bee, hto He Mor CKaiart b a^pec 
CTa.iiiHCKoro npa»(iie.!i,ciBa. O pojiH Ceprns b iicTopiitt 
PniJ no ctix nop tujT o>Kecro4eHHwe cnopw. ho ecnoM- 
hhm ero we ciosa: «nacTwpb. ., oTpeKaeToi ot ceo*, ot 
CBOHXnpHBbiHCKHvnoocTB. oTcBocrocaMO.TKioiis. roroB 
nowepTBOBaTb caMoft HciraHkio h aawe jyuiofi CBoefl paati 
UepK-sii XpucTOBofl. paati jy xo8Horo6.iarono.iyHHJi aio- 
Becnoro craaa». 

«5KepTBOB3Tb 3yiuoH» - mHCKiifl Kp>ecT. Ceprnfl bw- 
5pa.i ceoe He.ierKyio jo^k). ho. yoejHB ce6»i. HTOcnacaeT 
UepK0Bb,6bt.i rmepaH nocjiejiOBare-ieH BCBoefi no.itmiKe 
KovinpoMHCcoB. ii ojhh Bot iHaet. nero e%i> ito ctoilio. 

BT0«ecaMoe BpcM» jpy rofl Cepmn - 3ioapx riaTpii- 
apiitero MecTo6.uocTirre.i» b npnoamiKe - toikc 3aHa.i 
npiiHuiinna.ibmK> noinmuo. HoyweanTticoBeTCkyio. 

B ojHofl in cBoitx BocKpecHbix nponoBe.ieii 1 4 Mnpia 
1943 r. MHTpono.iHTCepntH iiojnepKHBaji: 

"Eopbda. npednpuHnmast {'ep.siaHueu npoimm 6aib- 
meeuzua. aottua a peiuume.ibnyio cmaduio. HWiSBO >n- 
vox-em dumb cmpfMHee20Cnodatuaxo.\i.\(\wu3.ua. Ecm 
mi nowdum. HOcesotueMHoaa cmpau Gydem o6p*t*uo 
HetciOHetecKtm cmpadanuxM u dance yummoycemiio. 
Vmoow npedomapamumb jniy .^pojuyio onacnocnib. ite- 
oaxodiiMo HanpxDK-enue u nosnoe oOheOuHeHueacex icue- 
K>U{iaai an. Tenepb He npesut cnopumb o mo.\t. kok e 
oydyuicu coidacmat nam a nauuonaibHax. comtaibtica u 
KyxumypHcut .vcuiHb. Eciu fopurti do.v. mo ne cnopum o 
mau, KaK nocie noacapa ydo6nee pamecmiimhcx e eso 
KOMNamax. a He.\ted.tenHo npttcmy naiom k myutetuuo oshh. 
Tot ho maKMce u xiw cmotiM neped jaaa'teii nonedumt< 
iiooou uenoit. floimoMy naJtcdbtu m hoc o6man c.iedo- 
sattib yKaianujLU e,tacnn*& u nptiiojicumb ace ceou CtiBbi 
e 6opb6e c 6o.ibtueeui.vav. Onpamuuca c .\iuiumnou ko 
Bce.vayute.uy. tmoriht Oh nouoe Hoecesda u eaody ripe- 
odaiemb 3tno no u, npe.ycr)e BCttZO, e cepOuax .itodeitx. 

Me.lOBeK CH.TbH0t1 B0.1H, rilOKOro >\ia H. KOHCMHO, 

KpenKoTs Bepw, Mtnpono^irrCeprHH, ncnojiHaflCBOftaair 
nacTbipa ii r.iaBbi 3K3apxaTa.cae.iaji MHoroe lOToro. mto. 
vaia-iocb 6bi. cae.iaTb 6h.to hcboimo'/kho. Emv yaajiocb 
ycneuiHo npoTHBOCTOBTb TanrrnKe pacH-ieHeniia uepKOB- 
HO-ajMiiHiiCTpaTHBHWx e.iiiHttu. KOTopvio npec.ieaoBaio 
okk\ nauitOHHoe ripaBHTcibCTBo. Oh ne To.ibKo yjepiKa,! b 



3 0Q 



4 KPACHOE KOIIECO 




6norpa<pns MMTpono/iMTa 

Ceprnn (BocKpeceHCKoro) 

flo 1 941 r. 

MMTpononMT 
JImtobcxhw CeprMM 

(B MMpy flMMTpHM 

HnKonaeBiiH Boc- 

KpeCeHCKHM), 3K- 

3apx npn6anTiiKn e 
1941 - 1944 roaax. 
paa^ncn b MocKBe B 
ceMbe cBsmenHHKa. 
Okohmmh cewnn3- 
pn». riocne peBonto- 
umm nodynun b Moc- 

KOBCKUM yHVIBepCM- 

Ter. us KOToporo Sun 
0-wncneH (c 3-ro xyp- 
ca topMAK^ecKoro 
cpaKynbTera) k3k 
cbw «cny>KHTenfl KynbTa». B 1925 rofly npMHnn 
MOHaujecKnii nocTpur a Mockobckom flaHnnoBOM 
MonacTbipe Bun ayxoBttbiM cwhom n3secTHoro ap- 
xHMaH^pHTa TeoprMH (JlaBpoBa), a *wTenbCTBO b 
MOwacTbipcKOK tcenbe pa3flennn c noHMtaeMUM 
anocneflCTBun hoabhwhukom m npo3oprtnBbiM crap- 
ueM FlaenoM (Tpomukmm). 

B 1 930 rofly 6btn HasHanen HacroftieneM co6o- 
pa b OpexoBo-3yeBe h homoimhmkom no mpnAHMec- 
kwm Bonpocau 3aMecTMTena naTpnapiuero Mecro- 
6nK3CTMTena MwTpononwTa Ceprwn {CTapropoflC- 
Koro) - 6yaymero narpiiapxa Cepnm. B 1931 rofly 
CTan peflaKTopow neaonroe epeMfl BbixoawBtuero 
acypHana Mockobckom naTpnapxMM. B 1932 rcwy 
apxuManapuT CeprMM 6b>n nepeBeaen b Moc.KBy 
MacTOfneneM xpaMa BocxpeceHMfl XpucroBa b Co- 
KonbHMKax, rae BOKTa6pec^eflyK)tuero roaa cocto- 
anacb ero apxnepewcxafl xhpotohmh b enncKona 
KonoMenCKoro, bmk3Pmh Mockobckom enapxn«. Mmh 
xMpoTOHHM cosepiuanM HecKonbxo apxwepeea bo 
rnaee c MMTpononnTOM CepmeM w cBHineHHOMy-te- 
hhkom, MMTpononviTOM fleHHHrpaflCKMM Cepacjw- 
mom (MHMsroBMM). nepeA Ha^anoM bomhw apxw- 
enncKon CeprMM (BocKpeceHCKww) 6bin ynpaBJinio- 
luhm aenaMM Mockobckom naTpnapxMM. B 1940 
roay Gbin KOMaHflHpoean a 3anaAHyio Vnpanny m 
BenopyccviK). 3aieM b flaTBMto m b Sctohmk), nocne 
mx npucoeAHHennfl k CCCP, An" 03«aK0MneHns c 
nono>KeMMeM raiw LlepKBM 24 cpeapann 1941 roaa 
cocTonnocb Ha3HaMeHne MMTpononma Ceprns Ha 
BiineHCKyio m JlMTOBCKyto Ka<peapy c npncoeAHHe- 
HMeM TMTyna - Stoapx JlaraMM n Sctohmm. C 
Ha^anoM bomhw MMTpononMT CeprMM He aBaxyMpo- 
Bancfl. a ocTanca b OKtcynataHM. Oh Bun apecTOBaH 
■ranHon nonuuMCM (recrano), nocKonbxy oHa pac- 
nonarana MHoroMMcneHHbiMM cBMfleTem>creaMM o 
tom, 4T0 MMTpononMT CeprMM - areHT coeeTCKMX 
cneucnyiiccV 42-neTHMM MMTpononMT cM/ibHO pwc- 
xoaan , ho oh cyMen y6eflMTb HeMqeB, hto Ha caMOM 
nene ok FmnneTCn BparOM GonbiueBMCTCKOti anacrvt 
m totob coTpyAHMHaTb c repMahCKMMM bochhumm 
BUSCTRMM. 



uctocthocth Becb ^K3apxaT, hc no3Bo.nnB ero paine.niiTb 
na neCKo.ibKo mhhmo HeiaatiCHMbix uepKBefi-enapxnfl. ho 

ir CMOr IipOTHBOCTOSTb MCCTHbtM HaUHOH3.'lltCTHneCKHM 
TCHjeHUUHM. KOTO pbie MOT-III rrpUBCCTH K BH\TpHUepKOB- 

homv pacKOJiy. Em\ yaa.iocb oTCToaib uepKOBnoe e,inn- 
ctbo lie TO-ibKo b npeae.Tax TeppHTopiin 3knapxaTa, ho m 
ero eatiHCTBO c MockobckoR IlaTpHapxncn. OrpoMnofi 
lac.iyrofl MHTpono.mTa Cepnis ow.io ero noneHemie o 
BoeKKoroeHHbtx KpacHoapMefinax. CDauiiiCTbi aanpeiuajiH 
oooaeHHe npasociaBHoro .i\ xoBeHCTBa c aoeHHOn.TeHMbi- 
Mii, oneeiuHO, tum npoflB-ieHiie.ioa:ibnocTii k uepKBit iim 
5bLio6e3Hajo5HocTit. HOnaKaKoe-TOBpe\ia MirTpono.itrr 
Cepnifl 3o6mic» OTMeHW 3Toro janpeTa b npeae.iax boi- 
r.naBuTHeMoro mm 3KiapxaTa. KaK pa3 b itot nepnoj 6v ay- 
uihII naTpiiapx MocKOBCKiifi it Beew P>ch A-tckckh II 
noMora.iOTir\.CBHLnem[»K% Mn\aiLiyPiunrep>. i>\ob- 
ho oKOpM-irrb n.ieHHbix b :iarepax 3ctohhii. 

Mfrrpono.iirrCepnifHBocKpeceHCKiifl) bijm naceSn 
noneHeHHeoooKKynitpoBaHHOHHacTii Hckobckom. Hob- 
ropoacKori i! JlennHrpaacKofl oo.nacTeR, rae 6m.iootkpu* 
to cBuuie 200 xpaMOB. B (Ickob jim ou.ia iranpaB.ieHa 
rpynna chhiuciih it hon. it aeflTCibHOCTb ricKOBCKofi Hvsob- 
HoftMHCCHnoKa3a.iacbBecbMa6.iitiiMHupifiiit i cibiipsi- 
MwecBtueTe.TbCTBaToro, HTOpaSoTa Mkcchh Ha npn\o- 
ABX jajKec.iyjKH.iarrpHicpwnteM it cnocoocTBOBana iiapTH- 
laHCKOMV nBiiVKemiKi. H Biubfttoce Mttipoiio.iin CeprHft 
OTKpbl.T Boroc.TOBCKiie Kjpcu. HeMCUKlie B.iaCTII ll.iaHH- 
poann npoBeCTii b Pure enitcKoncKoe coBctuaHiie c 
ue.it.to jooiiTbcaoTMHTpono.iiiTa CepntH iienncKonoB 

OTKa3aOTHX KaHOIIIlieCKOHCBfllH C MoCKOBCKOft RaTpH- 

apxnefl. ho oho 6u.iocopBaHo "iKiapxo.M. B oep.itim.Kiix 
apx iraax coxpaHiuitcbao k\ Metrrbi . c bh aetci bcTB\ to imie 
tom. hto MHTpono.TiiT Cepntft » ero .icnTCvibHocTb 6bum 
KaKSe^bMOBmaiv 3JisoKKynamiOHHwxB,iacTeH. B tiep- 
.iMHe ywe pemajiH. K3K c hum pa3je.naTbcs. as MocKBeoH 
Obi.i 3aoiH0 npeaaHcyny. «KaK nepeuieautHfl na cropony 
t{)amii3Ma». 29anpe.iJi l944roaaHanycTbtHHO\iy l iaCTJce 
uiocce BinbHioc - Piira uauiiiHa naTpitaputero 3Kiapxa 
npii6a.iTHKii MHTpono.miTa CeprMH 6w.ia paccTpe.isHa 
asTOMaTHtiKaMK. MirrponciiiT Cepnift ii ero cnvTHHKM 
noniSiiii. YoMHCTBO raaBbi 3K3apxaTa6biaocnncaHO(J)a- 
iimcTaMii Ha \iecTHhtx napTHian HamtoHantcTiiHecKoro 
To.iKa-rtse.ieHbix 6paTbeB». 

Kto Ha caMOM ie.ie nptmacTeH k yCHftermy 3K3apxi 
Cepnia. ao citx nop tohho He iobcctho. 

fjaa CepntH, - RarpHapx h 3siapx naTpnapxa,- 
SBiLincb3HaKOBb]vii](jnirypaMii CBoero BpeMcmt, Borm©* 
tub a ceoefl cyaboe aBa n\Tn Pvcckoh npasociaBHofl 

UepKBM BO BTOpoO MltpOBOR BOffHC. OhII 06a OblJtf 

naTpHOTaMii. o6a uuit Ha KOMnpoMiiccu c BJiacTHMii, ooa 
He jojkhjih ao nomta BortHbi. it no chx nop hx peujemM " 
aericTBim tiaxoaoTKaKCTopotiHHKOB. KtKit nporiminiKoB. 
PyccKan ripaBOCiaBHas UepKoebCTa-Taia-iowHiiueB 
Bep.iHHa ii MocKBbi. KOTopbieCTpeMaiiicbticnoabiOBaT* 
ee b cbohx noaimiHecKHx ueasix. C ({ipoHTa nocTO»m« 
npitxoaii-'iit uiiKJjpoBKn, b Koropux ^ i oil riptw.ieMey.ieJt*' 
aocbSo.ibUJoe sHHMaxne. Bot KaK bojhoh hi nnxoueM* 
saiacb HeMeitKas pe.inni03Has noaimtKa b 1942 rony 
«HeMeiiKoe KO.\taHdoeaHue mupoxa ucncnhjy vm « ceoitt 



KAPTA' »i3-4.s 2005 






4 KPACHDE KOJIECQ 



17 



ifdwur UspKoeb. Pud ttepKeeu. ocooeuno a JJhcmckou 
paiitme (flcKoacKou o6.iacniu>, eoccmaHoa-ieubi. u a uux 
npoxotium ooeoc.iyxceHue... Ocooeuno oo.ibutax aiyotc- 
na Pbt.ia a eopode Jho g wo.ie c Kpecmubiu xodo.u no 
avtam rtMomumtN OKKynmwuzopoda... Ha imay coo- 
puutc npucymcmaoaaiu npedcmmumexu t rep.uaucKO,?o 

CoBetch-oe npaBtrre.TbCTBOTaK>KecTa.To noncMtt(u\ 

HieMSTb CBOtO pejlHrH03H>K> tlOJlHTHK}. 

JleTOM ] 942 r. n»THjeomm>icfiHHUM THpaacoM ow.ia 
ony6.iHKOBana KHHra «npaeaa o pe.innw a CCCP». rae 
coaepsKa-iHCb o<|>ifu.najibHbie uepKOBHbie iok\ mchtw bo- 
eHHoro nepiioaa h cTatbii 6o.ibuioH rpynnbi cBsiHenno- 
ciywHTcnef) it wtipaH. nocBJHii£HHbie othouichhio Pyc- 
ckoh npaBoc.iaBnonUepKBJiKBoiiHe. BHeriyKa3biBa,nocb 
Ha OTC\TCTBire cepbe3HMX npo6jievi b ucpkobhoh XBKffl 

CCCP JOBOCHHOrO BpeMCHH II I10.14epKHBa.lOCb. MTO TjiaB- 

Hbie iicTopiwecKHe HeBjroabi o6p> witnicb Ha UepKOBbB 
OCCP To.ibKo bo Bpews HeMeuKO-cpawiiCTCkoro Hauie- 
CTBHS. KHHra 6u.iaHaitpaB.ieHa Ha pea6H.inTaiiHtope.in- 
iwiHoft nciHTHKH coBeTCKoro npaBnre;ibCTBa ia py6e- 
jkom. B 1942 r. MHTponojiirr HifKo.iail (flpy weBHH)6bLi 
BBeaeH b coct3B MpeiBbtHafiHofl rocyaapcTBeHHofl ko- 
mhcchii no paccieaoBaHHio HeMeuKo-(J)atiincTCKnx3.ioae- 
mndL KoktHCcm paoorana b m Bc t kh x fummanmann 
paMKa\o<{)HHHa.ibHoftcoBeTCKOHnponaraHjbi Hao/iama 
6wjia. B«iaciHocTii. npejicraaiJiTb npHMepu pa3py menus 
xpaMoa ii penpeccitfi npoTMB npasociaBHoro ayxoBea- 
crea Ha okkj nupoBaHKoft TeppHTopmi {efi ace npuHaaie- 
xht noiibiiKa npHHHcaTb KeMuaM YHH4TovKeHne a KaTbt- 
hh 14 Tbicjf i rto.ibCKHxo(})tmepoB. paccTpe.inHHbix HKBJt). 
TakiKe b 1942 r. 6bt.ia peik'o cotcpatuena rocyaap- 
CTBCHHajiaTeHCTiiHecKaa nponaraHja. o)opMa.ibHo coxpa- 

HHBIJJHHCSI <iC0K>3 BOHHCTB\ KHIHfX 6e300>KHI"KOB» (paKTH- 

hcckh ripeKpaTiuicBOJoaesTtibHocrb, npakTn»*ecKH noa- 

HocTbio ripeKpaTiLuicb penpeccHH rtpoTHB npaBociaBHo- 
ro ayxoBeHcraa. ii b y;ibaH0BCK cnuin npMOMBaTb ia 
no.iy'iemieM Ha3HaneHnK na enapxiiH u npuxoau npej- 
cTaBHTe-iii jy xoBeHCTaa. MHorae to KOTopwx 6w.ni ocbo- 
6o*aeHbi inMecTiaK.iioHeHHa.B kohuc 1 942-HaHa.ie 1 943 
n-.coBerch-iie niacin ja.incor.iac lie Ha pery.mpHoecoBep- 
"ieHiie MiiTpono.-iHTOMCcpr-HeM HOBblXenilCKOnCKHX XII- 
poroHHii, TaKtn 4nc.iaoBaQBeBUJHx npoionepeeBBapxit- 
epenchiifi can b jto apcMS owjih BOiBejenhi apxnenncKon 
CapaTOBCKnfirpnropnfl(HyKOB),enHCKony.ibHHOBCKnrt 
AHMiiipHH | rpajycoB). apxHMaHjpjfr BapopojiOMeR (ro- 
Pojiiea) cto enwcKonoM Mo*aiicKiiM. Ha3HaHeHH*i Ha 
eme HeaaB ho npeKpanreniHe cboS cy mecTBOBamie Ka<pe> 
pw rrajiH nciy^aTbapxiiepen, ocBo6o»caaBiiJHecJi H3 mcct 
"fctiroiteHitH. "afTpiiMep,enHCKOn%Ka(BoftHO-^ceHeu- 
K,,ru - coBMetuaBujufl cocchh t942 r. pyKOaoacTBo Kpac- 
'ospcKOH enapxnei1 c aesiTejibHocTbio bochhoto XHpypra. 
"-™ enncKon A.ieKcanap (To^cronsTOB). aoarnaBHBiuuft 
^O-iOTOBCkyroenapxHio. 

Tpenrfi pefix BHUMattibHo HaojTio-ia.1 3a rer*. ito 
^POHcxojHTepe^HnTOiHoftwinHHCCCP. /jVt» Hero Guao 

JI,l0fl Heo^tiiiaHHocTbio. htot3m rar*e ciaia Boipo**- 
no bCI1 ^ CCKa,i n Pa**o<"jiaBHan UepKOBb, B 6ro,xieTeHe 

^^fOnonacHOCTH ot 7 Ma* 1943 r, \Ka3biaanocb: 




nocTitfnujaaE i. . J )i S 

no«K»n QTTp )»«ii m pi M a 

Coiet Sepa/vm. Kon«ocapoa Cons CCP uKIAl^IiffiEj : 
y«aj«Br» afwumumi Conn (to itstm. pycaul npa- 

BPOUinal TOpjtM np* Com)« W oiui CCC? „ bopmeb otisdium 

qsEXAal- j . 




nocmaHQgnenue CHK o nopftdxe omxphimuft uepxeeu 



"k~aK ammo uisecmno uj MocKSbi, nambi# Mcum&ieu e 
xpavtbi e nacxaibiibie dmi 6bii 3Hmume.ibHbiM, 3mom 
(patcm nponcvanducmcKti aecb.ua aubno uaiawyemex 
u Hoxodum pacnpocmpaueHite npeotcde ace^o v 

CQK>3HUKO(i». 

4 ceHTfl6p» 1943 roja HKBR 6bma opraHiriosaHa 
BCTpcta b k'pe\t.ie CiuiMHa. MoioTOBa n Bepitit c TpeM» 
HepapxaMii Pvcckoh UepKBti: MirrponamTOM Mockobc- 
KHMCepntcM (CrapropoachitM ). MHTpono.iirTOM.leHHH- 
rpaacKtiM A.iekxiievt (Cmtaaaanf) itMinpono.inroM Kh- 
escKHM HHKo.iaevi (XpyuieBifHeM). 

CocTaa-ieHHaa npHCVTCTBOBaBUJitM Ha3T0fl BCTpe^e 
mwumxtm 4 otacia TpeTbero ynpaaieHHH HKB/I no 

SopbOCC UepKOBHO-CeKiaHTCKOH KOHippeBOHOtlHetl 110.1- 

KOBtniKOM r.F. KapnoBbiMCTeHorpaMMa socnpoinBoairr 
efi caeiiyiomHM o6pajOM. 

«Eeceda moeaputua Cmaiuna c Mumponawmauti 
npodoiMcanacb / hoc 55 Mwtym... 

Toaapmu Cmaiwi. Kpamno om.uemua no.io.ncu- 
me.ibHoe 3nanenue nampuomuHecKOU dexmenbHOcmu 
uepKeu 3a spe.\m eouHbt. npactti \tumpono.iumoa Cep- 
?.iut> AjeKcta u Huko.ioh ebiacaiambcn 06 ituenuiuxcn 
vflampuapxuu uy huxjiuhho najpeeuiux, no ttepajpe- 
ut^HHbtx aonpocax. 

Mumpono.wm Cepeuu cmmi moeapuufy Cmaitmv. 
umo caubiM ,nasnbiM u Hauoo.iee HaipeauiUM aonpocoM 
mvtemot nonpoc o uenmpaibnoM pyKoaodcmae IJepKeu. 
umo CuHoda tt CoaemtKau Come Mem e 1935 toda. a 
nomauy oh cMumaem Mceiame.ibubtu, imoobi Flpami- 
mesbcmso paspemuso coOpamb apxuepeucKuii Cooop. 
Komopbiu moepem nampuapxa, a matcMce oopanvm npu 
z.iase uepKeu CsataeHHbiu Ctmod kok coaeufameLibHbiu 
opean e cocmaee 5-6 apxuepeee... 

OdodputsnpedMMcenwMumponnjuma CepsitH. mo- 
eapmu CmaiUH cnpocta: at k<ik aydem Ha3b>sambai 
nampuapx: 6) Ko?oa .uo.Ttcem obtmb codpau apxuepeuc- 
Kuii Cooop; ai Hyjtcua naKOM-.vtSo nawmfb co cmopoubi 
Upaaume.ibcmea dwr ycnemnoeo npoaedeuwi Cooopa 
!uMeemcH.iuno.ueu(eHue. Hy&ceu.itt mpancnopm. mv.wmn 
ia deHbsu u man awtee). Cepeuu omsemux nmo smu 
mnpocbt npedeapum&ibHo u.uu ueway cooou oocwm- 



wwwkartBQrg 



4 KPACHOE KQJ1ECO 




3asene«ue nampuapxa Cepai/s c npocb6oi 06 

oceo&oxdeHuu naxod$wutcft e nasepsix 

CBPtuennocnpKumene u 

hi, tin 1 * u oiiu ctumcLiu ow jtceiamcibUbLU u npaemb- 
HbtM. cent on npQtiume.ibcmeppa3peu1u.70 npuwimbd.vi 
nampuapxa mumy.i "nampuapxa MocKoecKmo u Been 
Pycu». xomx nampuapx Tuxoh. u30panHbtu e 1917 pody 
npu sp&veHHOM npamtmeibcmee, Haibteaicn nampuap- 
xom MocKOficKuvt u Been Poccuu ", 

Toaapuui Cmaitw caziactacM. ckujoh. umo mi> 
npaaitibHO. 

Ha smopou eonpoc Mumpono.mm Cepsuu omse- 
nna, <wio apxuepeucKuu CoSop.uojKHO oydem coopamb 
vepei .ueefii{. u Koeda moeapum Cmaim. y,ibi6uymu ucb. 
CKa3<n; "A itcibiR hit npmeumb SojbtueeucmcKue me.u- 
nbi?", - u, oupamiisutucb KOMHt, cnpocwi Moe .\uienue. 
m tiNCKaiincM, <4tno eciu ,\tbt nauoMceu \tumponaiumy 
CeptUKi coomsemcmsx'iouiiLV mpancnopmOM din OMCm- 
peitmeu oocmamiu enitcKonama n Xtaacey fcauan?ma- 
wO. mu Cu6op ,uoe 6b* 6binib coopau u nepei 3-4 dun. 

JJocie KopomKoso o&ueua MiienuxMii doroeopu- 
iucb, imo apxuepeucKuu CoSop co6ep£mcn « Mocnee 8 
emmxopx... 

BmopuM aonpoeo.u .uumponomtm Cepsuu nodwu. 
a Mumpono.ium A.ie/ccuu pamta eonpoc o nodzomosKe 
Kttdpoe dyxoaencmea. npun&v 06a npocu.ni moaapuuia 
CmaiuHu, tmoobt itn &buo pa3peiue»o oppauwoeamb 
oaeoctoecxue Kypm npu ueKomopbtx enapxunx, 

ToeaputK Cmtnuu. cozweueutucb c imuu. emoxe 
epewi cnpocwi, navemyoHu cmaexm eonpoc oooeoam- 
ckux hypcax. moeda kqk flpaeumeibcmeo Moxcem pas- 
pemumb oppauujaiftuo dyxoeuou aKade.\iuu u omKpbt- 
mue OyxoGHbix ce.\iui<apuu ea ecex enap.xuxx. coe into 

ttyJKHO. 

Mumpono.ium Cepzuit, a tameM eute 6aibute \tum- 
pono.ium AamccuS auowm, </mo d.is ornKpumus dyxos- 
Hbtx aKade.\tuii y hux etue oieub ,vaio cia u uyjtcua 
coomeememeywuiax nodc^omoexa, aeomuouieHuucevu- 



Mipuu — npuuu.ua/nb e mux .itnt MOJMXXCe IS .iem ohu 
CHumaxim ne nodxodxvfUM no epcuenu u no npoiu:n>.\iy 
onbimy. was. nmo noxay HejneeKa ue cio.wiaocb onpe- 
dejenHoe Mupososipeuue, zomoeunib ux e Kanecnuic na- 
cmbtpeii «ecb\ta onacHo. max kqk ttonysaemca SaibWOU 
omcee... 

Toeapuut Cmaiun cKoiat: "Hy, kok xomume, imo 
de.w aattie, a eciu xomume GosocioacKue kjpcbi - iumu- 
naitmec hux, no flpaaumcibcnuioHe Gydtm u.\tenib eojpa~ 
Mceuuit u npomue omapbtmiui cxMsmapuii u axadeMiiu "... 

iameM Mumponmum Cep.'tiu jumpoityi tioti; 
umKpbtmuu nepKceii/i pj/de enapxuu. c/caiaa. tmoaonpoc 
00 3wta« neped hum cmaaam namnu ace enapxuaibHbie 
apxuepeu. <<mo tjepmeu \taio u <tmo voice ovsm mhopo 
tern uepKsu lie omKpneaiomca... 

Toeapum CnmiuH omeemta. vmo no jmaw wmpocy 
HtiKeiKitx npemmcmeuu co cmopoHbi flpaeumejbcmHa >te 
Qydem. 3<ime.u Mumpono.ium A.ickcuu no&fota tonpoc 
neped moeapuufeM CmaiunbtM 06 oceodox&emm ueKo~\ 
mopbtx apxuepeee, ttaxodftU(UXCSi & ccbi.iKe. e .lasepxx, « 
miopb.\iax umaKOaicc 

Toaaputu Cmaiun cuajeu tt\i: "flpeocmanbme m 
kou cnucoK, epo paccMompuM "... 

docile ymozo moaapuuf CmaiuH. oopattfojicb KMiim^ 
pono.iu/naM Cepeu/o. A.ickcuio u HuKo:iam. cxaiai um. 
"BomMue daioxcia moeapuui Kapnoe. umo Bn oiem 
moxo xcue$me: mecnax Kaapmupa. noxynaeme npodynM 
mbtnapbiHKe. uemyBacHUKaKorompaHcnopma. f!o>mo4 
iiy Tlpaeume.ibcmeu xome.io ow JHO/rtb. xuKue y Bae 
ecmb ny^edbt u imo Bt* xome,iu 6bt nonynumb om 
flpaeumexbcmea ". 

B omeem na eonpoc moeaputifa Cmaitma MiimponoA 
lum Cepeuu aaaeu, vmo e Kanecmee naveuteHuu o.vt 
flampuapxint u Om nampuapxa on npoewt 6bi npuunmm 
aneceiiHbte .uumpanaiumau Ajckcvcu nped.io.wemm 0} 
npeOocmaejeHuu a pacnopft-wemte flampuapxuu f'w*- 
uteco mvMencKO?o Kopnyca e Hoeode&uHheM \\nnacmvn 
pe, a unto Kacaemcx o6ecne</eHHX npodyicmaMU. mo i/tm 
npoOyKmn oiiu nOKynamm napnnKe ui> a uacmu nipOHOA 
nopma npocui ow noMoib. eciu momcho. /jhioe.ienuem 
uawwm. 







aor >-»»*w:ii( t'tniu, t"* 

JUT fl*»»8 «|nrr . ■ ' : 

^ ■m 1; t .i r C»i; 11- 1 .-i »c r * *itoke«tj|flfl 

•Kit* iplSt.1«»a- ■ *:ZT..: - 

Houa» Eawenoa t 

Stoi*r« -Muse B«:itJj'afc"s . 



CnucoK cefiiu,ennocny>Kumeneij npunc>KBH»^ ' 
japa/WMu» nampuapxa Cepa&- 



KWTA- NS43-44 2005 



4 KPACHDE KQJIECD 



69 



Tmaputif Cmaiuu CKtaea uumponojumy Cepcmo: 
"fJOMeufcuuJi e Hosodeeunbeu Mouacmbtpe moaapuiu 
Kiipno'i nucuomp&i, u ohu coeepuieuuo ue &iac-oycmpo- 
t'«w, mpeoymm Kanumaibuozo peMouma, u d.ix moso. 
wmoON jtiHfimb ux, uado eiui Muoeo epeuenu. Taucupo 
uxo.nniua. BedbHadoytecmb. imo itnu 3danwt nocmpo- 
i'lfNH }6eeKe. IJpasumcibcmsoeau .uojicem npedocma- 
sumb sattmpa Jtce snaiue dtaeoycmpoeuHoe u nodeomoe- 
leHHoenoMeutenue. npedocmasuaeau 3-3majfcntnu ocoo- 
hmk na yucmoM nepey.iKe, xamopbiu 3ami\teuat panes 
dbteuiUM HzueijKuu noaoM Uly.ieH&ypzoM. Ho imo 3da~ 
nue coeemcKoe, ne He\tet(Koe. max tmo Btt .uoxeme 
coeepiut'HHOcnoKoiiHoeHe.u xcumb. fJpu ^mau oco6h»k 
vb) Bum npedocmae.vteu co eceu ti\iytnecmeoM. .\ieoe- 
ibn, Komopax uueemat e omoM ocooiutKe, a d.m moeo. 
vmoftbt .iv'iute twelfth npedcma&ieuue oo 3mo.u sdauuu. 
UN ceStac Bavt noKOJKest tncm eso " ... 

Bnonb jamponye sonpoc o npodoeo.ibcmeeHHOM 
cHoO.weuuu. mwaputq Cmaiuu CKaiaiMumponaiumau: 
"HapbiiiKe npodytcmbi nohynarttb Ban neydo6no u dopo- 
r'o. u cemac ttpodyxmos na pttnoK ko.ixo3huk ebtSpacbt- 
«aem .nam. fjoimovy zocydapcmeo .uoMcem ooecne- 
HUttib npodyKitioMU Bac no ^ocydapcmeeuubvu ueuan 
Kpave maeo, .un iaempa-nociesasmpa npedocmamiu s 
Borne paatopnMceuue 2-3 .ie<*K08bie aamoMoutuubi c zo- 
pmiiM"... 

floae 3mot.o moeapuiu Cmaiuu cuasea Mumpona- 
lumy: "Hy. eciu y sac 6o.ibiae nem K flpasume.ibcmey 
sonpocoe, mo, .uootcem Obtmb. oyOym nomau. Tlpaeu- 
meib^mdo npednaiaeaem o6pa3oeamb cnetfuaibubiit 
fonoapcmeeuHbtu atmapam. Komopbtu oydem ua3bt- 
eairibcx Cottem no de.ia\i pyccKOti npaaociaeuou tfepK- 
en, it flpedcedame,ie,u Coeema npedno.iaeaemcx ua3ua- 
Humb monapuiaa kapnoea. k'ak-abi cnompume na imo? " 

Bee mpoe 3ajtmuii, vmo ohu eecbua mazooapHht 3a 
3mo fJpaaume.ibcmsy u juvho moeapuuiy Cmaimiy u 
aecb.ua ma.\>Dtceiame.tbHO npitHU,\iatom iiajiiawHtie na 
imom nocm moeapiuua Kapnoaa... 

3ameM, oapaufoxcbKOMHe, moeaputy CmaiuHCKa- 
jo.1. TloOoepume ce6e2-3 noMoutHwca. Komophte oydym 
*-ieHa\tuHaute?aCoeema, oopaiyume amtapam. nomaib- 
KonoMHume, uo-nepsbtx. nmoBbt lie ooep-npoKypop. eo- 
*mupnx. aoeit denmeibHocmbto Oo.ibme nodnepKueau- 
mecauacmoxmeibnacmb ifepKeu "... 

B jaKitoteHuu mtoea npue.ua y moeaputtfa Cmatu- 
Ha eblcr »ynu.i uumponaium Cepsuii c KpamKuu ataeo- 
fapcmecHHHM c.ioeau k npammeibcmsyu.-tumio moea- 
PHHfy C maiwiy. Toeapuuf Maiomoa aipocita moeapuiifn 
CmaruHo: "Moxcem, ciedyem ebueamb <pomoepa<pa? » 

Toeapuuf Cmaiuu acaiai; "Hem, ceunac yxce no- 
lo, emopoii vac hoiu. notma.uY .«« cdejae.u dmo « 
6py<-ou paj ". 

Toeapwti Cmaiuu, nonpoiuasutucb c Mumpono.iu- 
«awn. fiposocita ux do aeepeu ceoe<*o xaowiema " 

^ra iHaMeMaTe_ibHaji BCTpena b Hapoae npeoopa3H- 

"^ Ch B 'T>'6ohhw(1 paccsaa o tom, k3k vMHbifl Cepnifi 

X'rrpitj] CTa.nnHa. HacaMOM jaie. BCTpenaobura vhh3H* 

••"OR ( He b uepKOBHOM, a b qejioBenecKovi npeaciaBwie- 




BbicmynnBHue npedcedamenn Coeema no denau Pyccxou 
rtpaeocnaeHOQ Liepxeu m Kapnoaa na nouecmnou Codope 



hhh) xiji Gyaymero HaTpKapxa: oaHO «Hyaecnoe» npe- 
oopa-KeHMeT. KapnoBa to Bpara UepKBH b ee or?eKyna nero 

CTOHT, He [ i> Blips JTIC O Hecjpa'JHOCTH ((So^blUeBHCTCKJIX 

TeMnoBi>8aanHOM KotrreKCTen«oTeMecKofi 3360x6 » Cra- 
.m wa o3H0poBbeay'xoBeHCTBa.ero)KecTapaHHaMn rtpaK- 
TiiueCKH 11 ymiHTOwcHHoro. 

8 ceHTJrops 1 943 r. coctojlich ApxiiepeKcKiift Co6op. 
BKOTopoMyMacTBOBa.TO I9apxnepeea, MHornxH3KOTopbix 
aocraBjiJLnH b Mockbv H3 MgcT 3aK.ifo>ieHHfl. Ha cooope 
BbicTynwi MHTpono.inT Cepnifl c aoouoM «0 jeflTtit- 
HocTH npaBociasHofl UepKBH ia aBa ro^a OTenecTBeHHon 
Biifitibi ■>. C^e.iaB aoftnaji«/lo.ir \ptit 1 nan 11 h.i nepen Uep- 
KOBbto h PoukhoH b nepe*nBaeM>K> snoxy OreHecTBen- 

HOfi BORHW». MHTpOnOJlHT A.ieKCHfi 06p3THjlCJt K 'tJieH3M 

co6opac npej.io*«KeHneM H30p3Tb riarpuapxa: *JJdyjn<ao, 
nmo 3mom6orjpoc6ecKoneHHOoaie?Haemcji d.ia tutcmat, 
imoy hoc U Mea t ar yaice uocumeib nampuaputux no.wo- 
uouuii. noimo.uy x no.iazaio, vmo taopauue co ece.uti 
nodpooHocmsLuu. Komopbteodwuto conpoeojtcoaiam eso. 
ojm hoc nmnemcH kqk ayomo ow u iienyjiCHbiu*. 

CoSop npttHSji nocraHOB.icHne, oopaujgHHoeKiijxo- 
aeHCTBy h MiipsHaM okk> nnpoBaHHbix TeppiiTopjift. co- 

TpVJHHiaBUJIlM C HeMeUKHMll B-iaCTSMH. B KOTOpOM B 

nacTHOCTH roBopinocb: «Bcmkuu nuHoaubiu « uxueneoo- 

U(eitepKoenoMyOe.iy 11 nepeuteriwuu mi cmopoin t/hiutin- 
ua, kok npomuenuK Kpecma rocnodHX. da uuaumai 
onuyteHUbtM, a enucKon u tctupux - .luuiewm.n caua». 

M3 odpauiCHtisi Co6opa k cobctckomv npaBHTCib- 
cray: (tr.iydoKo mpouymbte caiyecmeetiHbtM omnouteiiu- 
£M Hautezo sceHapo^lio^o eootedx. .naet4 ctmemcKoso 
npaeumeibcmsa H.B. CmawHakuyjicdau Pyccnou /7po- 
Hac:iamtou Ucpneu u k CKpo.uttblM mpydOM HOUUIM, ■:< 
CMupeuHbtx ciyjtcumeieu, npuHocuu npaeume.ibcm*y 
HQiuy ooutecooopiiyH) ucKpeumoio aiapodapiwcmb upa- 
docmHoe ysepemte. imo. ooodpemibie hiium cotyacmeu- 
e.u. ,ww npuywtojK-uu nautydaitopadombt s oou\euapod- 
hom nodeuee 3a cnaceiiue PodttHbt*. 

12 ceHTflSps b BoroHBJicHCKOM cooope cocrojuacb 
naTpii3puiao iiHTpoHHiaumi MHTpoiio.'ttna Ceprim. co- 
npoBoarnaBuiajtoi KHuoc^eMKofi b hphcvtctbhh 11 hoc t- 



A-*> MIMffl 



71 



4 KPAGHOE KBJ1EC0 




4 KPACHOE KOIIECO 



71 





Hacxa fleHUHspad 1943 e (xadphi kuhqxpqhuku) 



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72 



4 KPACHOE KOI1ECO 








EnaaocnoefiHug yxodmuux hb (pponm condam Kpw«. 1 943 z (xadptx kuhoxpohuku) 



KAPTA' N>43-*4 200S 



4 KPACHOE KOI1ECO 



73 




HoepaMdsHue cenmeHMUHa-napmu3aHa 



AJSSKciiij, ;wTPCiioj;UTy .liiLiHTP/UCaoay h 
aoaropQflgxoay, ruTPiuPuiiiy mbctobiljctiitbaj 



EJiaroaape 3ac aa aasSory o aqtxx it caubnx 
5 o.T hob KpacKoft ApUKR. 

IIpS!M«T8 MOfl npHB9T K CiarQASpHOCTb KpaCHOfl ApHHW. 



^tf 



sp^^-w-o 



BnaaQdapcmBBHHBH meneapaMiua Cma/iuwa mumpononumy AneKCwo 



WAWkvtacrg 



74 



4 MPACHQE KOJIECO 




paHHWx aitrutowaTOB n /KypH&iiicTOB. B 3tom *e \iccaue 
b MockobckoO narpiiapxim ouji C03.13H M3a8Te.ibCKtiM 
OTaeji.BunycTHBiuHtty-*eB 1943 r. "ieTbipeHOMepa«)Kyp- 
najia Mockobckom UaTpttapXHM". 

8 OKTn6p« 6hji oopaiosaH Cobct no aciaw Pvcckoh 

npaBOC.naBHOftLlepKBlI, KOTOpblti B03T7iaBIL.l nOJIKOBHHK 

FT. Kapnos. aoc.iy^KHBiiinfics Ha jtom nocTy jo wanna 
reHcpa.i-Maflopa rocyoapcTBeHHofi 6e3onacHOCTH. 

27 OKTHOps 1943 r. narpiiapx CcpritK nepejaji 
T.r, Kapnoe> 3MBJieHneo6cx:Bo6o*aeHHH HaxoanBUiMxcji 
bcobctckhx aarepsx HCHHTaBiimxai dchbmmh 24apxnepe- 
cb. I apxHMaaapirra u 1 rrpoToiiepes. QaHaxo bcc xpOMC 
onHoro. ynoMHHjTuc b cnncKe cBHuieHHOcjTvmrrejHi k 
jtomv BpeweHH jihoo OW.1II paCCTpe.TSHbl. .1HOO yMepjtM B 
.larepsx. 

C Havana 1943 r., no Mepc HacTvaieHKS KpacHOfl 
ap\tHH, OTKpUBiuHecn b rojbi oKKvrianHii xpaMU b 6o.ib- 
tuHHCTae cayiaea y*e He nojiBeprauiHCb saKpbmiio, a 
BoeHHaB KOHTppaiBejKa «CMEPUJ» penpeccupOBaaa 
jtiiujb He6o/ibuJoe hhc.io cBsmeHHocTPk-vKHTe^efi. noao- 
ipcBaeMbix b coTpyaHimecTBe c okk\ nauncHHbiMH aaac- 
TJtMM. Te. kto hc nojBepra-ics penpecciiflM. KaK npasiuio 
npnHHMa:iiicb BcyuieM caHe a tirraTjiyxoBeHCTBa Mockob- 
ckom I la i nnapx iih, 

.i;i i.i'i.t. KOTopyroiiocTaBHaceoeCepnifiB 1925 r..- 
coxpaHMTb m .leraaniHpoBaTb UepKOBb b CCCP - 6w.na 
Bbino.iHeKa, ho .ihhh icm.u>i bo BHyrpeHHefi h BHeuiHefl 
nojiHTHKe aocrarmcb «MyapoMy m ao6poMy» CiajiHHy. 
riaTpnapxy Ceprtiio - jiituib C03HaHne Bbino.iHennoro 
ao.ira, H no cefl aeHb mow ho ycabiiiiaTb TepMHHu: «cep- 
niaHCTBo». «cepr wane ran ,ihhhh». «ceprnanubi»oT mho- 
roHMcieHHux npoTHBHHKOB DaTpHapxa Ceprtut. He npw- 
3iiaBujtix uepKOBb. cocyuiecTByiouiyio c aTencTmecKOH 
Baacruo. CTopoHHiiKii ace Cepnui Ciaro japHU e.M j ia to. 
4to orpoMHan cipaHa b roau cqbctckqR B.iacTM HeocTa- 
.iac b6e3 6.iai OTBOpHoro bjihhhhh uepKBH ii 3acoxpaHeH»e 
uepKOBKome.iHHCTBa. Ojhh ibhhx. Mirrpono.nirrEieB4>e- 
piitl ( /jMirrpitH Mk-oBjreBH'i BorosB-ieHCKiitl). vnpaB-iHio- 
umn 3anajHo-EBponeficKi(MH npii\o;ia\m PFIU. micai: 
«...o pyccKav edtina.vbic.wu e xvuspuifuu tie .vootcem 
Obtmb upeuu; a ono-moti tyufecmee ceoe.\t u npeacmae- 
vtem dyxonnyto ctay. x&wemcfi npotnoio ocuosoto hm(u- 
oucitbHoeo 6btma. CKapee 9ZO momcho oMcuoanib mav, « 
Poccuu, uooedUMavbfCJue, naKdyxaeHbiitMoiw.ium. npu 
ucKiioHumejbHbtx HattwmaibHbix ocooeHHocnax pycCKO- 
ni Hcipiithi ivjdaemat noo mst.nce.iMAt npeccau* (nocae- 
c.ioBite k KHiire «Heae.ui b naxpnapxiiHw). 

KaKosaobi HHObi.iacyaboa UepKBH a nociepeBojiio- 
uifOKHOH Pocchii. oHa 6bua nepaipwBHo cBmaHa c ee 
iicTopnef). c GcaaMH h paaocT«MH ee Hapo.ia. PyccKtte 
-iroan. 0Ka3aBUiHec« oTopaaHHUMii ot pojhhw. ao3Bpa- 
THBiuiicb. MHOroe He ysimaB h He npHHsaH 6w. weaan 
BepHVTb HaBceraaymeiiujee. Heo6xoaiiMo6hLionpo»:irTb 
TpantvecKHH XX bck Bstecteco cTpaHoft. ncnbiTaTb awe- 
crecHefi rHeB.5aib,cTpaxnoTHaJiHne, npeaaTe.ibCTBOH 
pacanaTy 3a Hero, htooh ouTbpoaHWM. a He waapasBm 
Te.iOM. 3jecbyMeCTHonpoiiHTitpo8aTb Apceura TapKOB- 
CKoro : ">KiiBHTe a aove - n He pyxHeTaoM...» 



BMorpacfiMfl AneKCHH 1 

CBflrefltiJMM (laTpwapx AneKCUki (b Mtipy 
Ceprew BnaanMnpoB^M CMhiaHCKMM ) po^HncR b 
MocKse 27 0Krn5pn 1877 roaa a npaBOonasHOw 
ceMbe 3attOMiHnn ropHAMMectciiM cjsaKynbTeT Moc- 
KOBCxoro yHHBepcMTeTa, MocKOBOcyio ayxoBHyto 
aKaaeMHK) B tpeepsne 1902 r. npviHfln MOHaiue- 
ctbo c KMeHeM AneKCMii B tom we rosy 6bm 
py KononoweH bo nepo^naKOHa b 1 903 rojay - bo 
MepOMOHaxa HasHanen viHcneKTopoM ncKoec- 
kom ayxoBHoii ceMUHapwn 

BnocneaCTBun b cane apxniwaHjpn^a 6un 
peKTOpOM TynbCKoii, a 3aTeM - HoeropoacKOM 
ceMUHapnn B 1913 roay pynononoweH bo ennc- 
Kona TuxenHCKOro B RHBape 1921 rofla ennCKon 
AneKCMM DaTpHapujuM yKaaou 6uji nepeeeAeH a 
HeTporpafl c TicrynoM BWKapHoro enwCKona ?1m- 
OyprcKoro c npeBwBaHMeM e AneKcaHflpo-He- 
bckom JlaBpe B 3tot nepwoa oco6eHHO BbiRBM- 
HHct b aesTenbHOCTM ennCKOna Ajibkcms flsa 
npMHijMna, ocTaBaBiunecH xapaKTepHbiMH ans 
Hero m b nocneflyiomne roflbi: BepHOCTb KaHOHH- 
necKHM HananaM m JiOHJibHocTb k HOBOMy CTpoKs 

B 1926 roay enncnon AneKcuti Gun HaanaMeH 
a HoBropoA c TUTynoM apxnenncKona XyTKHCKo- 
ro m BCKope crran m^shom CMHOfla w 6nvwaiiwviM 
nOMOLUHUKOM MviTpononwTa CeprwH. B 1932 roay 
oh 5br^ B03BeAeH b caH MiupononnTa, a b cneay- 
lomeM rofly HasHaveH Ha JleHMHrpaACxyio Ka- 
cpeApy. 

Pa3Ae/iflfl h npetBOpsfl b >KM3Hb Mbicrib Mvn- 
pononMTa CeprnH o HeoTfiertHMOCTM PyccKOii npa- 
BOcnasHovi UepKBn ot cy,qe6 crpaHbi, MUTpono- 
nwT AneKCMii noAflepwuBaeT uepKOBHyra fleKJia- 
paumo 1927 roaa B roflbi 6no«aAbi jleHnHrpaja 
ocTancn co CBoeiS nacTBoii 

naTpsiapx Ane«cni* CKOHMancR 17 anpens 1970 
rofla. norpe6en b Tpowue-CeprueBoPi JlaBpe 



KAPTA' NB4i-44 200S 



4 KPACHDE XOJIECO 



75 




CePmeHHQCJipKumefiu «a flapade no6edt>i 1945 s 



nooe csiepTii riaTpitapxa Cepnia ! 5 Mas 1 944 r. Ha 
BTopoM lacaiamni floMecTHoro cooopa i 945 r. OTKptiTbtM 
rovlocoBaiiiieu HaTpiiapxOM oh.i niopaic Mirrpono.iHT 
A.ieKCHM. iiHTpoHinamiH KOToporo cocTOJLiacb4 <peBpa_is 
b BorosBJieHCKOM cooope b Mockbc 

Ha roaw naTpiiapmecTBa CBSTeftuiero ilaxpuapxa 
Ajmectui Bbtnan orpoMiibift rpyj no BoccTaHOBJieHHK) 

tiepKBM H \ MHpOTBOpeHHK) LiepKOBHMX paCKOJIOB. B0CCT2- 
HOB.ieHHIOOTHOIUeHHnc 3apv6e»THWMH npaBOC.iaBHblMH 

uepKBSMH. rio.ioweHO HanaJio KOHTaKTaM PvcckoK 
UepKBHcPHMCKO-KaTO.nHHecKofi UepKOBbW. npOTecTaH- 

TCKHM MMpOM. 

BoBpCMBnapajanoocawBinoHe 1945 r, rum. npea- 
CTaBiiTe-iefl PvcckoO npaeocjiaBHofi UcpKBii 6bi.ni npn- 
r.iauieHw HaTpn6\H\ no^fitHux rociefi upa^MeuieHU no 
TtpeonoiKeHHto npcnceaaTe.™ CoseTa no jteaSM PyccKofi 
npaBociaBHOft UepKBM FT. KapnoBa HejajiexooT hhoc- 
TpaHHbix ,innjioMaTOB. HToobi npoH3BecTH «6jiaronpnnT- 
hoc sneia-neHHe Ha iarpaHHuy». 

HecMOTps Ha to, hto Ha lasepuiatouieM srane Bropofi 
MitpoBofi BoflHbi pcmrnoiHafl tio-nimiKa kommvhhcth- 
necKoro pe>K»Ma no oTHotueHHio k Pvcckoh npasoc.iaB- 
hom HepKBii ocymecTBviH.iacb b paMfcax. oooiHanenHbix 
CTa J niHbiMHaBCTpe i tecMHTpono,iHTaMH4ceHTH6ps 1943 
r.. eoBetcKoe npaBHTejiwrrBO bcshcckh crpeMiLiocbcnep- 
*"ii Bin h. oTKpbinie xpaMOB Ha teppn roptin. He noonepraB- 
wefica okk\ naiutH . k npe.anaHHTa.io ocTaajiaTb aeficTBy- 



KHilHMH .llfUIb XpaMbl, OTK'pbJTbie HaOCBOOfl/K.iaBUiefiCH OT 

repMaHCKiix boAck TeppnTopiw. B 1944-45 rr. KMiyHHB 
12688 lamiemift oo oTKpbiTim 4292 xpaMOB, cosercKoe 
npaBHTejibCTBoaonyCTinooTKpbiTHe.iituib? 1 6 nepKBert. 
Oomce iikmo xpaxioa. hbjijibujiixcb aeilcTByiouiitMH k 
HH3HK) 1945 r. cocTaBJULio 10243.OaHaKoec.'iiiiiaTeppiiTO- 
pmt, xoTopan no^Bcpmacb He\ieuK0» OKtcvnaumi. ko.ih- 
4ecTBO xpaMOB. MaxojHBUinxcB BoaHoTienapx mi, Mono 
jocntraTb KecKOibKHX coteH, to b enapxiiax noao-ivKhfl. 
Citonpn ii ,'la.ihnero Boctoks ."leficTBOBaBUJHe xpaviu 
furmuuBBCb eanHiniaMH ii necsTKawii. Pipit JTOM ies- 
Te.ibHocTb jyxoBeHCTBa Ha Bcefi TeppnToptui PyccKofi 
npaBOCJiaBHofl I_lepKBiino-npe>f<HeM\ ikcctko orpami- 
iiHBaiacb.iiiuibcoBepiiieiiiieMxpaMOBoroooroc.Ty/KeniiH 
ii coopoM no%epTBOBaHiin na Hyaabt KpacHoft apMwi. 

rioc.ie cxiepTit CrajiitKa pe.iiu no3naH no.imHKaco- 
seTCKOro npaBHTe.ibCTBa y*ecTO'?iLiacb. PI~FU jtiiuih- 

.laCbTpeTH npHXOJOB. BHOBb iaKpb1Ba.lHCbliepKBH,CeMJI- 
HapilH. MOHaCTUpil. 

XpyiiieB nOTpc5oBa.i ot Ihnpnapxa AneKCWi 1 1 C u- 

ViaHCKOro) BCT>m!Tb BO BcCMHpHWll COBCT lU'pb'RCil H 

OTpnuaTb (paKT i oiieims Ha Bep> ioiuii.x a CCCP. /J^vxoBen- 
cTBooSwibiBnocb nepecbtjiaTbCBeaeHHii oooopaTHBiiinx- 
ca k hilm 3a rpeoawH a cooTBeTCTBytouine mtcTaHumi. 
Cbhiuchhhkh. OTKa3btBaBU]itec8 coTpyjnn4aTb. noaBep* 
ra.iHCbpenpecciwM. ToHeHtis l958-1964rr.6bLincB?i'iaHU 
c rpaH.uto3HbiMit aianaMii nocrpoeHtis MaTepna.ibHoR 
6a3U KOMMVHiBMa bCCCP k 1980 r. U.epKBH He Hauuoeb 
viecra b 3an.iaHiipoBani!t>M icmhom paio, ii eg c.iejoBa.30 
.niKBiuiipoBaTb. XpvuieB ooeiua.1 «noK33aTbB 1980-m 
rojy noc.iejHero nona». 

i lepKOBb nepe>KHBa,iacaMbie xynuniecBOii Bpexiena. 
Ec.iii acecTOKocTb penpeccHfi CTnitHa ipn3HHecKH vhhh- 
TOKas uepKOBb. co3aaBa.iaopeo;i MVHeHHHecTBaHan Hefl. 
to npHeMu Xpy uieBa pa3pvuia.iii uepKOBbeme h inHjTpH. 
Ho Bee we OTMeHHTb.ier^.iinam«o uepKBH, cocroflBiiiyK)- 
cs irpnnaTpiiapxeCeprnn, h .TOOHTbeeoKOHHaTe.nbuo. 
KaK ii HaMepeBaiicfl CraflMM, 6bi.TO ywe hcboimojkho. 

8 cmambe ucnonhsoaanbi uamepuautsi uccnedoaanuQ 

KBHdudama SceocnoeuF, npomouepan r.H Mumpo<panoea 

xaHdudama (punocoipcKux nay* AH LUee^uxoea 

doxmopa ucmcpunecicux nay* 010. Sacunbeeou. 

a matotcB KOH&epemiuu PHU 

PrAK&fl (KpacHOBOpcx) 




Kpecmnii/3 xod. 1944 e 



KpecmHbiu xod a do«b OKOHuamtft ec 



log 



76 



4 CyjlbBbl CTflJIETHH 



TannHa CTEnAHOBA-KJlKMHMKOBA 



KA3AXCTAHCKMM AJDKMP 

OparueHT AOKyMeHTa/ibHoro noBecTBOBaHHH 



A idech, e anyxOM vady nomapa. 

Ocmamxu iQHOcmu ay6rt 

Mbi hu edttHoso ydapa 

He omcmpamjnu om ce6n 

A. AxMamoaa. 

t. PoKoeoe 26 

1936 roa 6wji Ha wcxoAe. Hwmto ne npeflBemano 

6eAbi rfpasfla. Bee ewe npOAonxa-n eojiHoaaTb npo- 

meflujuvi b aarycre npouecc 3nH0BbeBa w KaMeMeBa 

BcnoMWHann m y6nMCTeo Knposa - HeaoyMeaanM. none- 

My TpouuKCTw y6nnn Kwposa e fleHMHrpafle. a He CTann- 

Ha e MocKse? Beflb rnasHbiii a napTHM - CiannH. Kaxyibiti 

fleHb ace ra3eTbt wa nepBotf nonoce nowemawT ero 

nopTpeT no nwoowy noaoay wwpnbiw LUpwtJrr kpwmht: 

wfla 3flpascTByeT BennKMM CTanMH 1 • , «BennKOMy reHMto, 

tob. CrannHy. bowaio MewsayHapOAHOro nponeTapnaTa- 

cnaBa»! 

B MHCTHTyre na oeexoHewHbtx ceMWHapax npopaSa- 
TbiBanid. 3y6pnmi npaexr hobow ct3/ihhckoh xoHCTMTy- 
U.VHA. 

flanexas ot nojiwmKM, a. He 3aflywbiBancb o cmwc- 

ne cjiob. HeTKO oT6apa6aHnna Ha sioaMeHe say^eHHoe: 

«y nac b crpaHe ocymecTBnena nepsan 0aaa kom- 

MyHM3Ma-C014lian^3M» 

*CTannHCKan kohcthtyump He npocra npoB03ma- 
uuaer AeMOKpaTnviecKne ceoeoflbt, a m ooecneMUBaeT mx 
a 3aKOHOflaTenbHOM nopnAxe». 

«KoHCTMTymi»-3TO nonHaa AeMOKpaxusaunH no- 

-TlMTHHeCKOkl >KH3HM CTpaHbltt. 

KoHCTMTyLinn MeHH coBceM He 33HMMana Hy, mo a 
Hetf HOaoro' 7 Bee 3HaKOMbte cnoBa. nocne otm6txm b 
33MeTHo(i KHHWKe s w BOBce o Hew 3a6bina. 3aHnwann 
KOHuepTbi. TeaTpw. Cnyiuann c AHApeeM npeMbepy one- 
pbi «fleA* MaK6eT MuieHCKoro ye3Aa» Onepa yflnBn/ia 
CBOHMHOBaropCTBOM, ho. HaeepHoe. «6w/ia eiye ctihlli- 
kom rnyna m saKOMnnexcoBaHa xjiaccMxow, 4Toow ee 
ouenwTb no AOCTOWHCTBy 3anoMHnnocb Apyroe. flocne 
cnetrraiuifi Ha annoAMCMeHTw apwrejiew m axTepoB a 
no*e noflHsncn oHxacrbiii Ma/ib4MK m dan yrnoaaTo 
pacwiaHUBaTbcn 3to 6bin fl. fl. [Uoctwosw, fl 6wna 




CnopmuBHwu npaadmi* na Kpacnou nnotuadu. 1936 e 



nopawena Aaiopy onepbi mojkho 6w/io AaTb He Sonbwe 
BOceMHaAUBTM ner 

floTOM b BonbtiiOM CMOTpena era «CaeTfibiM py- 
4ew» BaneT He noHpaavi/iCB, cioacer ero 6b»n noxow Ha 
rmoxoii BapwaHT Konxo3HOii 3onyujKM: KonxoaHHK 
BJiK>6jiHeTCfi b npne3>«yKi SarepwHy, 3a6biBan cbokj bos- 
nKj6/reHHyio-KOnxo3Hnuy BanepHwa na cqeHe MenseT- 

CR C KOnX03HMHeft KOCTKJMOM Vt B HMpHMHOM na-Afi-A6 

KonxosHMK noHUMaeT csoio otuHSxy m ao3epamaeTCfl x 
cBoew KonxosHnue. raHuyromeii na nyawrax BnpTyo3Heti 
6anepHHw 

Kaxoea 6btna My3biKa?~ He noMHio n no3)Ke Hwxor- 
Aa ee He cnbiiuana 

OflHa>KAbi, npMAH btoctm K6paiy, R6bma yAMBneHa, 
noHTM noTpncena TeM. Kax ocrpo. c kskom HaAexfloti h 
paAOCTbio >KAy7 ntOAH HOByo KOHCTMTyumo. ilM3aBeTa. 
*e«a Spara. 3acbinana Mens BonpocaiwH 

- Hy, Kax TBoe BneMarneHtie'' Kax saujM BCTpernnn 

npoeKT KOHCTMTyUHM? 

- A 4to b Hew oco6eHHoro"> R cAana ee a MHcrnTyre 
h AyMaxb o new saOwna. 

- Tbi Aypa ! BeAb KOHCTHTymin aaeT npaBO bcbm 
rpa>KaaHaM Ha paeeHCTBo Hmkto ne 6yAeT noABepraTb- 
cn ccwnxe m flucxpMMMHauHH 3a npoincxojKAeHtie Bonb- 
me He 6yAeT «nniueHMeB» 

-fla..,-TnHy «, BcnoMMHaH npti stom, mto ZlMsaaeTa 

- flOMb CBRineHHHKa, mo OTeu Bacunw^ nocne 3a«pbiTUB 
nepxBM b nepen&naBJie-3a/ieccKOM AaBKO He c/iywiiT. 
hb paBoTaeT. xaiBeT «ranueHi4eM», a ona, cxpbJBan csoe 
npodCxox<AeHiie. Bee 3tm toaw wneeT TaPiKOM b Mockb6 
y TeTH LUypbi 

-fla. Jlw3a, tw npasa fl xax-To 06 stom He noAyvtana. 

- 3 to noTOMy, hto Te5e He npumnocb nepewntb 
roHBHHB. KaKHe Bbinann Ha flonio naLueti ceMbM- c 
xapOMrOBopnna Jln3aaeTa.-Mbi CMaMoii 3AecbCKpbiBa- 
eMcs, a nana 6e3 npaB 6e3 cpeAcra cocxian s Aepesnio 

- cawaer KapToiuxy noA ynionioKaHbe xynnranoB. Tep- 
nwT HacMeiuKM. HSAeBarenbCTBa. ho. cnaaa &ory. koh- 

CTMTyqHH KfiaAeT KOHeu HailJMM MyMeHM«M 

3a6eran anepeA. cxa)Ky, mto. BonpexM nocynaM 
KOHCTMTyunM. 3a ABa Mecflua ao Bbi6opoB (5 Aexaepti 
1937 r) ojeu. Jln3bi - CBBtyeHHHK Bacnnvi» MannHHH - 
6yAeT apecToeaH \t norw6HeT rAe-To b TiopbMe nrin 
narepflx. 

B nHBape 1937 r., Kax aHaMewbe 5o»<be nepeA 
BceHapOAHbiM 6eACTBneM. Mocxey onyran snoBemnii 
Tywan B rpex luarax HCnesanw npoxoxttie, cjtobho cKpw- 
BanHCb 3a waTOBbiM sanaBecoM ropoAOxyrana ropbxo- 
BaTaa, AbiMHafl. xonoAHan Mrna, MaaiHHbt tunw c 3a- 
»c«eHHbiMn cpapaMn h HenpepbiBHo cuma/iM/iM. 

Tycioe ryAenwe KnaxcoHOB cnMaanocb c TyManoM m 
My^MTenbHo flaBnno bmckm. fl noABepnyna Hory. Ltenw- 
mh ahhmm BanflJiacb na KpoBaiH h MWTana TaseTbi ne- 
MaTanw ot^btu hs 3ana cyAa o npouecce hba Tpouxnc- 
T3MM - npeAaTenRMH. ujnkioHaMH FlnTaxoBbiM, PaAe- 

XOM. COKO/lbHHKOBblM. BbJJIO CTpatUHO M npOTMBHO 4M- 

Taib 06 mx 3noAeBHMnx, m n, xax 3a cnacHTenbHyio Hvrrb. 
xBaranacb 3a xHwrw Pomchs PonnaHa 






KAPTA W43~44 1005 



4 KA3AXCTAHCKHM ADXHP 



77 




iuenbiC npa3d»uK ofiwecmea «BunaMo» us Kpacnou nnotuadu 7936 s 




PapaC cnopmcMeMoe HKBfl hb Kpacnou nnotuadu 1936 a 



•mknog 



78 



4 cyjibbbi rara 



AHflpeii npMxoflMn nosAno lilyMHO OTKpbtBanacb 
ABepb. m ero bncokmw. nyTb HacMeumMBbiH ronocHanon- 
Hfin KOMHaTy: 

- Mto AenaeT mow oyapoBaT8/ibHbm 6onbHOH? 
TonofiaeT n cKynaeT? 

- Bot yw HeTf Mmana ao yMonowpa^eHim, A hto y 

- CeroflHB Haw attaaeMMK 3HaKOMM/icn c Moeti 
paSoTOH. 04eHb3anHTepecoeancfl. CKasan.HTOreonorH 
aaano wiyT nOMomw ot MareMaTHKoa, hto moh flMccep- 
TauHB a>rrya/ibHa h oneHb nepcneiawBHa ToeopHn, hto 
HyjKHO CKopee ee 3anoHMMTb. 

- R Bceraa 3Ha/ia. hto tw y MeHn reHufi,- wyTvma n,- 
a noiOMy aaeaii HwcTWTb xapTOWKy. 

JJeTo 1937 r, 6btno s Mockbb HeoSbNHO jKapuwu 
ConHue yrpoM noAHHManocb Mafl Mockbom, we ycnea- 
wew 3a H04b ocTbtTb. w naqHHano cboh omeflwujainnii 
Mapuj no ne6y, we npHKpbiTOMy hm eflMHbiM oSnanKOM 
PiyTMbiii CTon6nK TepMOMetpa yrpoM b tbhm crofln rfle- 
to OKono 25° C. a AHeM noflnonsan k 35° C 

KKpnidHM AOMOB flblMMnHCb flOMSHHWM *apOM 

Ac0anbT TpOTyapoa paswiFW. noflomBw /innnn k Hewy, a 
xa6nyKM ocraBnanw rny60Kne hmkh. 

flHeiw w HOMbio no ropoay c BoeM HocnntiCb nowap- 
Hbie MauiHHbt, ropenw capaioiuKH, Kyaa nepeSpanwcb ms 

KOMMyHa/lbHOM TSCHOTbl H AyXOTbl MOCKBHMM, 33rOpa- 

nwcb noAMocKOBHwe neca, ropenw roptjjnHbte 6onoTa. 
BeTep npHHOCMneflKMH ropbKOBaTbiii awm. flwiuaTb 6bino 
TpyflMo ot )Kapbi m rapH. 

06bieaTenn luenTann o BpeAfTeribCTBe roeopnnn, 
hto MHOCTpaHHbte wnHOKbi. AHBepcaHTbi. BpeflHTenH wryr 
flOMa. noflxwrawT nee. ra3eTbi n paano B3biBanw k 6am- 



TenbKocTH, k pasoSnaseHwio BparoB Hapofla, npeaaTe- 
neii. wnwoHOB, m Kew3MeHHO c nepawx nonoc raaeT 
r/inaen «BenwKHH CTanwH - Boumb MnpoBoro nponeTa- 
pviaTa m nymunw flpyr acex wapOAOB». 

rioACTpeKaeMbte raseiaMM. a NioweT 6bnv Harute- 
pewHo KeM-to pacnpocTpanneMbie. nom/iw 6atiKn 06 
apecrax rtoA>KnraTeneii-ujnnoHOB. necHnxoB-TeppopM- 
cToa. HHocTpaHHwxAHBepcaHTax n 6or 3naeT iokhx eme 
3noaeea 

M TyT. ton o5yxoM no ronoee, hobwh cyAe6nbm 
npoyecc HaA npocnasneHHbrMH non«OBOAMaMn - Tyxa- 
HeBCKMM, TaMapHMKOM, 3KHp0M. yBopesM^eM. 

riOTpsceHHwii HapoA neAoyMeBan - nero hm hbao- 
cTaBa/io? Bee - yMacTHMKn OKmSpbCKOiii peBornouiMH. 
rpa>KAaHCKoii bomhw. opAeHOHocubi B Takwx bwcokhx 
HMHax xOAnnn. TaKMMM noHecTflMn, BnacTbio oSnaAanw 
m, Ha Te6e, CTanH uinnoHaMH, n3MeHHMK3Mn pQRHHbJ, 
npeAarenflMn.- HeMbicn^Mo! 

A con«ue npoAonxcano TepsaTb nmaeu m npiipoAy 
>KenTenw m naAariH CAepeBbeB/inCTb«, anoBetne luypiua 
noA Horawn OcoSo HyBCTBMTenbHbie k 3acyxe 6epe3bi 
oronnnncb. OBBwcna. no*yxna conHan nwcTBa Tononew 

Cnacaacb ot *apw, mw yexa/iM a Cohh, rAe 6bino 
SHaHWTenbHo npoxnaAHee, neM b Mootae. Bepwynncb e 
KOHueaBrycxa. Haiu6ojibiuoii, BoeHHoroseAOMCTBaAOM 
Ha BononaeBCKOM ynwue BCTpeTMn HeoSbiMHoii thu;h- 

HOM. Ilo AHUHHblM KOpHAOpaM He rOHBHH, K3K paHbLLte. 

A6TO Ha TpexKonecHwx Be/iocnneAax, na luhpokhx nec- 
thmhhwx nnomaAxax Heco6npanncb BenepaMM nocyaa- 

HHTb XteHbt BOeHHblX 




CnopmuenbiO npa3dnuK o6uiecmea "UunaMOv na KpacHoD nnowadu 1 936 a 



KAPTA YKii-ti JQ05 



4 



KA3AXCTAHCKHH AJDKHP 



79 



Hawa coceaxa O/ibra TnMo$eeBHa weHa npeno- 
jaeaTens BoeHHO-TaHxoaoM sxaAeMMM, paccxasana 
mto MHorne KBapTupbi Bflowe oneMaiaHbi >KnBtune b hmx 
aoeHHwe 5wnw rtocoSHMxaMM h3M6hhmkob Poawhw, Ty- 
xa«eBCKoro flKMpa. PaMapnuKa m apyrux BparoB napoaa 
Tenepb mx Tome pa306rtaHnnw, a mx jkbhw m Ae™ Kyaa-To 
M<xe3rtM MbinoyflUBnnnMCbHTonbKO HaM-TOHTOaoaTMX 
apficroa 7 HaM. He CBfl3aHHbiM hm c xOHTppeBoriKMMOHe- 

paMM. HM CO WnMOHBMM. HM C BpeflMTeflflMM, HM C TpOUKM- 

craMM - nau Bee sto hm k MeMy, nac 3to He Kacaercst 1 

0. HaMBHOCTb' CaiMO06u3H! 

JIkjam! Ecnn Bbi JXMBeTe b pewMMHOti CTpane - Tmt- 
nepa. CranwHa. Mao LUaayna, fliOBanbe, rion lloTa mdm 
eiye xaKOro-HM6yab anxTaTopa - net y eac rapaHTMM. He 
wowex 6wTb yeepeHHOCTM, <4to 3aBTpa 3a b3mm He rtpKayr, 
He apecrryiOT no flOHocy mdm bobcb 6eao bchkom npMHMHbi. 
niiLXJb noTOMy. mto BepxoBHbm npaBMienb Ana ynponeHMs 
caoeH anaciM pewMn ymmTOWMTb wecxonbxo cot TbicstH, 
as Ha we ft crrpaHe AecnTKM mmjijihohob nraAefc. Vhmhto- 
iKHTbann yCTpameHMfl, gearnacHoro nofl4MHeHHR m pa6- 
CKoro Tpyfla acex ocTaBWMxcn . 

JlBflH 1 Me MLUMTe npMHHH. He HaAeArecb. orpamaas 
ce6a anonHTMMHOCTbio.- a crpaHe. r^e snacTByeTawKTa- 
Typa. sceraa 6yaeT uapMTbyrHeTeHMe. reppop. nacMnwe 

ygMMCTBO. 

B ceHTnope Hawanncb 3aHflTM« b HHCTMTyTe. LUyM- 
Hbie BCTpeMM nocne nerHMX xaHMxyn: 

- KaK HeH04«a 3aropena, noxopowena 1 

- Om. fleBOHKM, HT0 33 flMBHOe neTo 6blflOl 

05HHMa/incb, xoxoTann. nepeCHBanApyrAPyra, pac- 
CK33biBanM cbom HeMyapeHtie noxoxtaeHMa. DbflHe/iM ot 
nepenonHflsiuero Hac CHacTbfl MonoaOCTM. rioroM, xoraa 
noyTMxnn 3moumm nepsbix BCTpen, c yaMBneHMeM y3Hanu 
06 MCMeaHoseHMM MHorux cryaeHTOB m npenoaaaareneM 
ApecroeaHbi 1 Oco6eHHo nopaann acex apecT AMpexTopa 
nawero MHCTMTyTa JlMaapeBa Oh 6wn cTapbiii 6ofibwe- 
bmk. /jo peeo/iiOLtMM. 0T6biBas ccbinKy, riMMHO 3Han JleHw- 

H3. B MHCTMTyTe nOflb308aJlCfl OrpOMHbIM aBTOpMTeTOM H 

bot Tenepb apecrosaH ! «ax we Ta k? 3aoiy>xeHHbm napTM- 
eq, npeaceaaTeiib kommccmm no swcTKe.. BcnoMMHa- 
jiocb. KaK npoxoanna 3Ta ^wctkb napTMK 1934 roaa. 
CryfleHToa o6fl3biBanM npMcyrcTBOBaTbHa hbm. 3an xny- 
6a MMMTa 6btn nepenonneH OSwhho mw cuaenw Ha 
ranepxe. Ha cueHe - a^MHHbtM cxon noa xpacHbiw cyx- 
hom. 3a hum Henosex aoceMt kommccmm, a npeaceaa- 
Tenb - ceaoM. CTapbtii - naiu aMpexrop, 5e3ynpeHHbiii, 
k3k cawa coBecTb napTMM 

MwcTxa noxoAMJia He to h3 nnoxoii cneKTaKJib, ne to 

H3 CTpaHHWM Cya «HMCTMBLlJMMCfl» BblXOAM/1 H3 CLieny 

BCTasan hmuom k 3any m na^MHan paccxaa o ce6e. Kpac- 
ne?» m aonHyncb, oh nepeMMCnan cbomx 6nn3Kiix m aanb- 
HMX pQaCTBeHHMKOB, BcnoMMHan CBoe npoMcxoixaeHMe 
(xoHe^HO. nponeTapcxoe), cbokj pa6o4e-KpecTbfiHCKyK5 
SHorpacpMio n K/iHTBeHHO 3aaepfin. mto hm xoraa He npn- 

MblKa/1 x TpOUXM3My 

A a 3to BpeMa na cueHy nepeaaeanM 3anMCKM c 
BonpocaMM, rioroM npeaceaaienb saHMTbtBan wx, 

-Tbi roBopMn. hto poflMTenM KpecTtBHe, a bdtcoo6- 
maioT. uto OTeu tbom noaxyna^HMK m 6bi/i cocnaw? 

- HeT.- cnewMn onpaBaaTbcn noacyaMMbivi. - otbu 
mom AoopoeoribHo yexan 3aBep6oBancfl Ha uiaxTy , rae m 
cemac paSoTaeT 

- rkweMy Tbi pasoujejicfl co cBoeii nepBOM xteHOM, 
xojixo3HMueM. m wenM/icfl Ha MemaHxe? 



- flyexan M3aepeBHwnepeAKonneKTMBM3aLiMeM,- 
BonnyeTCfl «HMCTMBUJMMCfi)>. - a moh nepeaa »eHa He 
3axOTena SpocMTb CBoe xosbmctbo. He noexarta co m hom 
b MocxBy A BTOpaa moh meHa He MemaHKa, a ynMTenb- 
HMqa. 

floTOM eMy saaaeann eiye Kaxwe-To Henenwe. a 
nacTo QecTaxTHbie, ocxop6MTenbHbte Bonpocbt, 

TaK npoxoawna mmctkb 1934 roaa. M bot Tenepb 
npeaceaaTeiib kommccmm, awpeKTOp MHCTMTyTa. Heao- 
caraeMbiM napTMMHt>iM aBTopMTeT -apecTOBan! 3Ha4MT, 
Bee roAfai noBxo MacKHposancn? HenocTMMMMo' 

ATyTeiae Apyran Hoaocrb- ApecTosaH MMtua Paea- 
ckmm nepBWM xpacaBeu, yMHMqa. aoueHT PaeecxMM 
Oh Ben xypc TeopeTMMecxow MexaHMKM. nonooMHa ae- 
BOMeK MHCTmyra 5wna b nero BnwBneHa Bee 3h3/im . mo 
oh OTnpbicx 3HaMeHMT0M <J)aMMnnM KHsaew PaeBCKMx, 
repoeB 1812 roaa nocMeHeancb, nepeaasanM hcto- 
pMKJ tom. KaK oAHaitcflbi Ha KOHcyxibTauMM y nero M3- 
noA rancTyxa Bwria/i 3onOTOM KpecrMx Ha tohkom uenoM- 
xe. M bot Tenepb MMiua PaescxMii apecTOBaw! TaxoM 
CKpoMHbiw, MM/ibift. HeywenM 3a KpecTMK? HeBeposT- 

H0! 

McMea M3 Hsujeii rpynnbi Konn CoaoMaxo - cnaB- 
Hbiw MHTennnreHTHb)M Manb^Mx. Oh rax xopoiuo TaHite- 
Ban. 3a mto? HenoHATHO! 

HecnacTbe oepymwnocb Ha nac c npwxoAOM weHH 
Mnaaiuero SpaTa AHApen ManeHbKan. y6nTa» ropeM. 
Ben a cne3ax. oHa paccxasana. mto npouieAUJeM nonbio 
apecrOBanet BacwnMfl 

BacMnMw npMexan a CCCP b Hanane 30-x roaoe, 
xoraa M3 rionbiun n apy^x CTpan, oxaaMeHHbix kpmsm- 
com m 6e3pa60TMueH, jikjam exa/iM na 3apa6oTKM, na 
CTpOMTeribCTBO nepBOM nnTMneTxn, nepsoro b MHpe 
couManMCTMMecxoro paSonero rocyAapCTBa. A BaownMM 
npnexan eme m noxOMy , *rro b MocKBe 6btn era crapiuMM 
Spar Anapeii - Bbicoxwii npMMep m ropaocTb ceMbM B 
MocKBe BacMiiMM weHMncn na 0a6pM4HOM aeBMOHxe, 
pa60Tan synxaHM3aTopOM b rapawe m yenen o6aaBec- 
TMCb asyMH pe6flTnujKaMM 

)KMriM ohm cKyaHo, Awapew noMoran mm, aa >4T0 
wena BacM/iMB cTMpana HaM 6enbe HaBecine Hac 
noTpucno: 

- Kax apecToaaH? MoweT 6brrb. oh coeepiawn xa- 
K0M-HM6yAb yronOBHbiM nocrynoK- paccnpaujMBanM Mb) 
ee. - MoweT. yxpa/i >-rro-HM6yAb? Ona xaHana ronoBOM v> 
nnaxana, a xorAa cxa3ana, mto npM oSbicxe AonpaojuBa- 
nM. rAe npnneT opy»Me. KOToporo y Hero HMKorAa He 
6bino - Mw ptiowoiat nocne ee yxoaa AHapeii. GnetA- 
hwm, B3BonH0BaHHbiM. He Mor yaepxaTbcn ot ofiBMne- 

HMM 

- rioAneu, xaKOM noa/ieu. - nostopnn oh, iiiaran no 
xoMHaTe. - ox, noanen BacMnwM. Oh, oKa3b)BaeTcs, 6wn 
we reM. 3a xoro ce6n Bwassan. Shshmt. ero kto-to 
aanyran 3 a ee poo aan 8 Clonbiue 

Hy, nOAOJKaM- nbiTanacb « ycnoxoMTb ero- mo- 
weT 6biTb, 3to ewe m Heaopa3yMeHne, MOweT 6biTb. 
0WM6xa vi ero BbinycrnT 

- HeT. - He yHMManca AHApew, - y Hac spa HMxoro 
ne apecToewBaioT Oh noaneu. w MHe npMaeTcn 3a Hero 
OTseMaTb. ero apecre n aorDxen aansMTb b cbokj 
napTMMHyio opraHnaaunto 

- Tbi-TOTyr npM <neM. -cTapanacbn ero ycnoxoMTb- 
6par 33 5pata He OTBenaeT Oh npnexan ms flonbujM c 
pa3peweHM« nawero npaBMTeribCTBa. ero BcecTopOH- 
HMe npoBepfino HKSfl, >xMn oh OTaenbno ot ieon. Tw c 



fw* H£HB ETQ 



80 



4 Cyjbfibl CTflJlEIHH 



hum peflKO. BCTpeHanca. mena ero nrnub k HaM aaxoawna. 
KaK we Tbi Moweujb oTBenaTb 3a ero nocryriKH? 

-floporanMon.TbiHesHaeujb, KaK3HceiiMaco6cTa- 
HOSKa. Kan nKWM scTpe^aiOT TaKiie n3aecTt«r 

- HeT. Amipeii. - roaopnna n, - tboh wn3Hb 6e3yn- 
penna. m re6e He^ero onacaTbcs 

AH/ipeii poawncn e fjenopyccKOH ceMbe. b aepeBHe 
rinemaHbi BanbHescxoii ry6epHnn B ceMbe 6bino 4ei- 
sepo aereit B ujKone cxioco6hwh Ma/ibMHK 6wn nio- 
SnwueM wecTHoro yMKTenn. Tot yroeopun ouia nocnaTb 
AHflpen yMMTbcn a ropoa, BbixnonoTas eMy tcaKyro-TOCTw- 
neHflHio OAHaKO yneHtie 6bi/io kopotkhm Ha^anacb 
soiiHa 1914roaa. OTeqnorn6Ha0pOHTe MaTbCTpyAOM 
KopMHna ceMbio. Bee peofUMLmw noMorann evt b xo3ak- 
CTBe, a cTapujan, Eexa. H«HHnnaAeTeM y MecTHoro naHa 

AHApeifl, npopaOoraa aecb aeHb b none. BeMepoM 
6ew.an s tUKony k caoeMy y^MTe/iio m norpy>tcajicn b khmth 
Ma/ibMMKy oco6eHHo Hpaawnacb MareMaTHKa. PeweHHe 
TpyflHbix ronoBo/ioMHbix aa/jan aocTaBrmno yaoaonb- 

CTBMe. 

PeBonrciLiMK) AKApeii BCTpeTwn aocropweHHo. OHa 
cyjiHfia CTonbKO xopowero. a rnaBMoe - BOSMOKHOCTb 
y^HTbcs. B 1918 roay rpawaaHCKasi BOMHa KaxuM-To 
3anaflHbiM KpbinoM CMe/ia aepeeeHcroe cnoKowcTBMe. 
CnMerna3bivi napKMUjKa nowen a KpacHOraapaewCKHK 
orpHfl. Ha Kyp^aBym ronoey naaen 6yaeKOBKy . a hotom b 
xapMaM rwMHacrepKM nonowM/i »cpacH03Be3AHbiii 
napTMMKbiM 6wneT. Tpa^aaHCKap bomhb Hocwna ero no 
lowHbiw cTennM Pocchm. 3a6pocn/ia Ha CeaepHbiii Kaa- 
Kaa, rae b Sow ny/is, oiobho hitioh, npotunna nerxoe. 
Hotom cbtnHdK ^yTb 6bi/io He npwKOHMHn Bee ero naaew- 
Aw BofiMa oKOHHwnacb, BpecrcKwtf mhp HaBCeraa, na- 
Bceraa nwuitin Anape^ bo3moskhocth aepHyrbcJt Ha Po- 
m»y. Ero ziepeBHH, MaTb m ace pOAHbie oeranweb 3a 

KOpflOHOM. B OTAenHBUjePlCa ot Poccmm (lonbuje. CeMbK) 

3aM6Hkina apMM«. Koraa Munyna HeoSxoflMMOCTb CTpe- 
ziflTb, oh CTan BecTH nwt6e3 cpeaM KpacHoapMeiiLieB (1o 
CMacTnMBoii cnynafiHocTM erosacrb nepeBejw b Kaaanb. 
C6b(Banacb aaBHan MeMTa. PaBoTas b nonmoTflene. 
AHflpeft nocTynwn Ha BeMepHHit cpaKy/ibTer KaaancKoro 
yHweepcuTeia. KOTopb)M6necrcsmeoKOHMnn. noTOMacnti- 
paHTypa npM MTY. PaSora aonenroNi Ha Ka0eflpe bwc- 
mew MaTeMaTMKM BoeHHO-BosAymnoM axafleMMn hm 

)KyKOBCKOrO, B MOCKOBCKOM MHCTHTyTfi HHW6HepOB »ce- 

neaHOAopowHoro Tpancnopia m AncceprauMH a acnu- 
panType reonoro-pa3BeflOMHoro MHCTMTyTa. Mero ona- 
caTbcn MenoBeKy c raKOfl 6norpatpneii? 

4epe3 flsa akh nocne coo6meHnn 06 apecie Bacti- 
nun. AHflpePi. B03BpaTncb n3MHCTMTyTa. CKa3a^. HToero 
neno fjyaeT paccMaTpMBaTbcn Ha 3anpbiTOM napTcoBpa- 
huh TaK Hananocb atih Mac «MncTnnnii4e» Bee aHeujHe 
ocTaaaxiocb no-npe>KHeMy, HOAytua 6binacKOBaHacTpaiu- 
HbiM ownflawHeM, rue-ryiuKM npeAMyBCTBHeM Heoiac- 

TbH. 

Co6paHwe flonxno 6uno 6biTb e reonoro-pasee- 
flOMHOM MHCTMTyTe, TfleOH TOTOBH/1 AnccepTauHto «MaTe- 
Mam^ecKafl cTaTMCTMKa h TeopMn sepon-moc™ s noAc^e- 
Tax none3Hwx ncKOnaeMwx» Mw nouinn BMecTe, a npo- 
BOAnna ero h ocranacb owHflaTb KOHua co6pannB. Bpe- 
Mq THHynocb MyMwrenbHO aojito. HHoraa He3HaKOMwe 
jwam BbtxoAnnn Ha necTHMMHyio nnomaflKy. KypwnH. ma- 
3enn Ha mchb, yxoA«/in. fl «Aa/ia noa necTHMueii, cko- 
saHHan, 03n6iuafl, nepenyraHHan. Bwno o^eHb nosflHo, 
Koraa noKasancfl AHApew. /Imuo ero Menu nopa3nno- 
oho 6w/io 6neAH0-eept»iM Monwa B3nn oh mchb hoa 
pyKy. n Mbi BbiujnH Ha ynnuy 



-Mto? 

- HcsnioHeH.,. 

H noHyBCTBOBana, KaK Ha MmoaeHne y MeHfl aaMep- 
no cepflue, a k ropny noACTynnna toajHora OcTaHOBw- 
nacb. 4To6bi nepefloxHyTb. riotOM noAHflna ronoBy Do 
rnasaM peaanynii cMHMe no/iocw h pocewnb KpacHbix 
3Be3n aMepHKancKoro cpnara 

- Mto 3to? - Mbi uinn mmmo aMepMKaHcroro no- 
con bCTBa, m orpOMHww 4>nar xnecranEpacaflAOMaJKon- 
TOBCKoro 3arnaHyna b masa Anapeio -onnTb nopa3nna 
\ax cunesa. Kax Ha tipnare. 

- Heywenn OKOHHarenbHo? 

Ero rjiasa Towe cneAnnw 3a cpjiaroM, n KorAa Mbi 
npouwiM mmmo. onariM bhh3 na MOKpbtrt Tporyap 

- CoaceM. 

- Ho aeflb mowho «yAa-To HaoncaTb. npocnTb nepe- 
cMOTpeTb petueHHe. 6opoTbca? 

H Bee 3amBflbiBana eMy a rnasa, CTapancb no«M3Tb 
m CMHesy. a rnaaa npj?Tanncb. cnoaHomo-To wcKanw Ha 
mokpom accpanbTe 

flOTOM tmxo m, xa3anocb, cnoKOiiHo. oh OTBeTun: 

- B nauie BpeMn 3to CMepTHbtrt nptiroBop 
«rip>iroBOp, CMepTHbiii np«roBOp» - 3xom nponec- 

nocb b MoeM Mosry. m a no^TH aaKpH^ana: 

- Hto tw roBopmub? ripw neM TyT cMepTb'' riyCTb 
6ecnap™iiHbiii, nycTb 6e3pa6oTHbiii. Tw yiMHiiua, CMnb- 
HWM. SHeprnMHbw, TanaHTjiHBbtii. Byaew >K«Tb! Tw me 
jito6niub weHti'? fl Dpoiiiy hhcthtyt. nowAy paSoTaTb, 
nocTynnw Ha CTponTejibcrso MeTpo! Hy? npM MeM Tyr 

CMepTb? 

R neneTa/ia HeHywMbie, cnynawnbie cnoBa. MucnM 
pa36eranncb. ksk ManbKM Ha OTMenn ot 6poweHHoro 

r.aMHS 

- He waAo, MMnan, - ocTaHOBMn oh Menu. - 3aneM 
tw T3K? - M rnyxoii, ^epea cnasM B3flox, noxowMM »a 
pwAaHHe. noTpfic mchh. 

Eme 3a MHHyTy TaKan Monoaan. MaMBHan, HeonwT- 
wan, h Bflpyr Bee non^na, nocTapena. OKanacb 

- H Aon*Ha 6biTb cuntHOii. - CKasa/ia n ceoe, - 
cM/ibHee 3Toro SOTibiuoro. ho y6nToro ropeM Myx^MHbi. 

M noTeK/iM ahm KajKAbiw aenb npunocnn noayio 
6eay. Cpa3y )Ke AH^pen 0Tvincnnnn vi3 acnwpaHTypbf. 
Mepea Tpw flHfl 6bi/i npnK33 no aKaaeMMM >KyKOBCKOro 06 
yBo/ibHeHMn sa «0TcyTCTBMeM yMe6nbix 4acoB». Rotom 
TaKOM «e npwKa3 no MMMTy 

H npoAonwana e3flnTb b HHcrvnyT AHApeii ywe 
HHKyaa He xoamh. XMypbiti. MonManHBwii. oh uenbiMH 
bhbmw cuAen sa nncbMewHbiM cTonoM, pa60Tan HaA 
AHCcepTauHew, o^eM-TOflywan. nero-To wan Usee we 
Mbt He Obi/in roTOBbi. >Kaajin Bcero, ho He 3Toro 

Ohm npHiuriM HOHbra 26 0KTn6pH. Bwno AaneKo 3a 
nonwoMb, Koraa paaaancn 3bomok. a hotom cryK BflBepb. 
BoiunM Tpoe b cepwx KOsepKOTOBbix naribro m abophmk. 

- KntoMHHKOB AHApefl MnxaSnoBMM? Bw apecToea- 
Hw. - cxaaa/i oahh wa hmx w npoTBHyn opAep, 

- npomy CMAeTb Ha wecTe 

npiuBbmHo m HeTopon/iHBO ohk npwHBnwcb sa 
oSbiCK. flBoe aaHP/iMCb cronoM n KHwraMH, a TpeTnii 
B3BDCB 3a mom Beuin. Oh BwTpflxHyn Ha KpOBaTb coaep- 
wHMoe cyMOHKM, oTKpbin HeMOaaH w CTan BbiSpacwBaTb 
us Hero «eHCKoe 6eribe fl c ywacoM Ha6noaana 3a hkm. 
Jlwuo y nero 6bino Kpyrnoe m no-6a6bn MsrKoe ManeHb- 
Kwe, 6nw3KO nocaxceHHbie r/ia3a 3a 6enecoM laeTMHOfi 
pecHHL( He Bbipawann hm oanoro HenoeeMecKoro nyB- 
CTBa. Ho caMbiM npiiMeMaTenbHbiM a ero nviqe 6bin poT. 



KAPTA' N!*3-44 2005 



4 



KA3AXCTAHCKHH AJDKKP 



BepxHdH MeniocTb c npMnyxnoi* ry6oM Bwaaaanacb Bne- 
pea. 3aweTHO He coBMemanacb c xyuwM noa6opoaxoM. 
Pot ero Swn nonyoTxpbiT m see BpeMH npoM3Boawn we- 
BaTenbHoe aauweHMe, cTapancb aoTHnyTb n nocTSBMTb 
Ha MecTO HMWHtora HenracTb. Oh nepeTpaxMasn MOM 
PVD3LUKH. rpycuKM. a a cuaena Ha xpaeume KpoBain. 
cMOTpena Ha ero nnuo m spowana. HecMOTpn HaTewibiM 
xanaT, weHn 6nna apowb, Mcxoflflman OTxyaa-TO MSHyT- 
p«. 3y6w CTy^ann. h MynMTenbHo xoTenocb no-ManeHb- 
KOMy npoiuno non^aca. Mac. 

- Mne Hywno a y6opHyra, - we Bwaepwana a. ho ohh 
ocraannn mom cnosa 6e3 bhmmshmh H bch Tpqcnacb 

- riocnyiuaMTe. - ecrynnncH AHapeM- en Haao b 
ytjopHyra Bbi BWA^Te. eft nexopooio. 

- npoBOflu ee, - KHBHyn rnasHbiw xyqeMy. 

- rto«aeM, - exasan tot, m mm buid/im 9\ xoTena 
saKpbiTb 33 co6om asepb ySopnoM, ho oh yaepwan ee: 

- He nonoweno 

3to 6wno nepsoe ocxop6neHne Moero MenoBenee- 

KOrO flOCTOKHCTBa. rioriHpaHHe WCHCXOM CTblAnMBOCTM 

CKoribtto we kx 6yaeT ootom To/ibKo k yrpy ohh 33xoh- 

HMDH 06blCK. 

- Co6npaviTecb' 

fl coBana b MeMoaaw AHapera xaxoe-K> 6enbe, 
Mwno, nonoTeHue. hocxm, xohcmho. He nonowHna Ofle- 
bjio, noaywxy. Tenribte aemvi. npomaacb. oh o6h«/i mchr, 
nouenoean m cxaaari: 

- H hh b MeM ne BHHOBaT 3to HeaopasyMeHkie TaM 
pa36epyTcn fl Bepnycb 

Bceyiunw. H cnuwana. KaK npowyMen nntpT. hotom 
Ha yriKLte saypsan motop asTOMoSMnn. BHesanHO Bcep- 
flue yaapnno npea^yBCTBHe: oh Sonbtue ne BepHeTcn! Fl 
BCKOHMna Ha noaoxoHHMx, pscnaxHynaottHo m b TeMHOTy, 
ecnea yoeraBUjeii MauiMHe b SesyMHon Tocxe 3aKpnna- 
na: «AHapeS, Anape«, AHapeM. AHapeM,. .». Omw Maum- 
HbinocBeTMnnnoynnue, saBepHynn Ha flBopuoawM moct 
h naaceraa cxpurmcb 3a aoMaMH. Haeceraa.. 

Ytpom n Sewana ms 3tom paarpoMneHHon xomhs- 
tw, rae Ha nony Bannnwcb ropw pacrpenaHHbix XHwr, 
6yMar. HOcwibHbix BeiueH, rae ijapMna xaTacTpocpa. fl 
6ewana x Ma Me. 3a6bia aaxBaTWTb aa*e cbom Beu^M 
BepHynacb nepea asa aH« h Hatiina KOMHary onenaTaH- 
hoh 3auj/ia b npweMHy«3 HKBfl na KyaHeuxOM Mocry 
OTCTOHna aenb b onepeavi h ycnbiiuaria OTBeT: «Mecro- 
Haxo>«aeHMe Batuero Mywa HewaBecTHo, onpeaennTCB 
wepea MecniiM 

noTRHynKCb ahm owMaaHMB. fl xoanna no ynwqaM, 
saHHManacb b 6n6nMOTeKe, e3anna no Mocxse m Besae 
BrnnabiBanacb b Tonny. Beaae 6binii ohh. CxonhKO xce 
6bino mx? fl cpaay ysHasana 3HxaBeawcroB no yHM0op- 
Me flnMHHbie xosepKOTOBbie nanbTO m noa hhmh bo6h- 
Hbtecanorw. Ha ronoBe Mornn SbrTb xenxa. lunsna. a noa 
LuraTcxHM KOBepxoTOM - BoeHHoe cyxHO. 

Kax<abiM aeHb raaeTw Bbixoaunn c 6onbiuMM nopT- 
peTOM CtannHa BocxBaxifinacb caMan aeM0Kp3T«4- 
Han. caMsn cnpaBeanHBaa cTannHCxan xoHCTHTyuwn Ot 
HMeHM Hapoaa - caMoro txacTHMBoro. caMOro cBo6oa- 
woro bo BceM MMpe napoaa - ra3eTbi cnaBMnn nyntuero 
apyra nenoBeMecTBa - Tosapntua CTannHa. 

no paano 6ecnpecraHHo 3ByMann xsane6Hbie thm- 
HwflyHaeBcxoro: «floporoii cMacTbH BeaeT ntaflp KpeM- 
na», «f1 Hurae xaxon cTpanbi He 3Hato, rae Tax BonbHO 
awiuHT Menosexn. 

Bbi6opw, nepBbie BbiSopbi a cobctcxoh Pocchm 
6biTin HaaHaMeHbi Ha 5 aexa6pn 1937 roaa. 3tot aeHb 



oSfeflBnoncfl BCeHapoansiM npaaaHHXOM, ho mhb He 
aoaenocb yBnaeTb npeMbepy 3Toro efcapea, 

II. Gymupxa 

3a mhom npMwnw 26 HonSpfl. on«Tb HOHb« m onfiTb 
26-ro. Ha 3tot pa3 n He nnaxana, ne apowana Kaxoe*To 
cocpeaoTOHeHHoe cnoxoHCTBwe OBnaaeno mhom. Be3 
aonneHHs CMOTpena a. xax neperpHXMBawT Bee b xoMHa- 
Te, xax ot ropn nowaeT pyxw MaMa 

- CoOMpawTecb. - 9 cTana naaeBaTb caoe nerxoe 
aeMHCeaoHHoe nanbTO. 

- HeT, noao>Kan. - onoMHMnacb MaMa. - shmb na 
Hocy. HaaeBaw Moe 3MMHee na/tbTo- Ohb MeTa/iacb no 
xoMHaTe, ecoBbiBaa MHe b neMoaaH ceoe 6enbe. Mexo- 
Byra luanxy . nynxn. CSerana snynan w npwHecna ciapeHb- 
xwe. ho Kpenxwe. noaniHTbie xoweii BaneHKM. O' Kax 
noTOM npuroawnMCb ohm MHe, xax cnacanw ot cm6mpc- 
kmx MoposoB. 3 6narocnoennria sto MawMHo HaHTMe Ho 
oaenna oHa mhb Toxce ne nono^Mna. Bmhom. HaBepHoe 
6btn HpoiueHxo. (loMMMTe xapTMHy «Bcioay ;«M3Hb»? 
ApecraHT eaeT b TtopewHOM aaroHe b Cw6Mpb. c hum ero 
ceMbo H3 oxna pe6eHox xopMMT ronySeM. Bee ynw6a- 
toTcn Mnwero «3axnK)HeHHbiM» B xaaeMaTe Mssapeiue- 
MeHHOro oxHa coriHue 0T6pacbiBaeT cbbt na CTeny m na 
xpoBaTb co CKOMK3HHOH npocTbiHeM. noaynJKOvi. oaen- 
noM. ApecTaHT BCTan hs cto/i mcmotpmt b oxhohs 6o«mm 
mmp Bot Tax, no flpoiueHXo. mu npeacraBnnnM TropbMy. 
3ran rioTOMy-TO hh n, hm MaMa He co6panM b TiopbMy 
oaenno, noayoixy 

Menu ycaannH Ha 3aaHee cnaeHbe 3BT0Mo6Mnn 
Mejxay aeyx 3HxaBeaMCTOB, M TyT a xax 6bi pasaBonnacb. 
oTae/iMnacb caMa ot ce6*. Ha Bee npoMcxoaMBiuee (rra- 
na CMOTpeTb nocTopoHHMMM n«6onbiTMbiMM rnaaaMM 
MsojHHa MMHyna CeMeHOBcxyto nnomaab. EnoxoacxnM 
co6op, saBepHyna na KnpoBcxyK) m no nepeynxy noaxa- 
TMna x JlyoBHCxOM uMTaaenM BeciuyMHO OToasMHynMCb 
MeTannM^ecKMe Bopora m Taxxe SeciuyMHo 3aaaMHy- 
nMCb sa HaMM Ksxhmm-to yaxMMM m hmsxmmm xopwaopa- 
mm mu Bouinn b xoMHaTy. H6M-T0 HanoMMHaiomyH) 6onb- 
HMMHyro npneMHyxo. 3aecb npoBOxaroLaMe caarm MeHB 
xoHBOMpaw m ytunM CnanmaR 3a ctodom aeaMLia 3anec- 
na Mora cpaMMnnto s ToncTyra xHwry, ryaa we npMUjnMnwna 
opaep Ha apecT m MaxHy/ia pyxon xoHBOMpy «BeaMTe». 

OnfiTb UJJ1M ySXWMM XOpMaOpaMM C HaCTbIMM )xene3HblMM 

asepfiMH. riepeaoaHOii ocTaHOBMnMCb, OTxpbinM m btoh- 
KHynw MewR b xpoxothmm Mynaw-xaMepy OHa 6wna 6e3 
oxoh, cBe)«eno6eneHa m ocBemewa spxoM naMnoM. bm- 
CftmeM noa noTonxoM. 

B ymy na HeMoaaHe cwaena Monoaas wewiaHHa w 
nnaxana. Koraa aeepb saxnonHynacb. OHa o6paTwnacb 

KO MH6. 

- 3a hto sac apecTosa/iM? 

- He 3Hara. rio-MoeMy, hm 3a hto. y MeHR Myw 
apecTOBan. 

- y Mens TOJxe Kto aaiu My*? 

- flOUeHT MBTeMaTHXH. 

- A mom - noMOinHMX TynoneBa CnwiuanM o hbm? 

- K0H&4H0 A caM Tynonea? 

- Ero 3a6pann paHbiue Moero Myoxa 

Oh3 Ha3B3n3 cbok) cpaMMfiMio - MepbiiueBa m vp me 
pa3pbtaanacb Crana paccx33bieaTb. xax ee apecTOsa- 
niA xax b KBapTMpe ocranMCb aeoe ManeHbxnx aeieik 
OHa nnaxana m see roaopMna. hto noTepneT aeTen, mto 
b Mocxse y hmx HeT poflCTBeHHMxoB. a cocean m shbxo- 
Mbie aanyraHw Ohb see roaopMna m nnaxana. nnaxana 



»w*fcjrt»crg 



82 



4 CyflfaBbl CTOJIETNI 



BpeMenaMH a »tene3HOii aaepn nnaran rnaaoK. h kto-to 
Ha6rnoaan aa h3mh HacoB y Hac He 5btno Mbt 6wnn BHe 
BpeMgMH B HaweM 6enoM KaMeHHOM RtuwKe ocnenn- 
TenbHO flpKO ropena naMno^Ka. 

BneaanHO oTKpbinacb ABepb, m k H3m boujjto, Bep- 
Hee, aBannnocb mto-to HenoMepHO 6onbwoe h Kpyrnoe 
KpyrnwM 6binn Sontiuow whbot 14 saa OTTRHyTbiii poMa- 
hobckmm nonyujy6KOM. KpymaR ronoBa, aaMOTaHHan b 
ujepcTflHow nnaTOK. Kpyrnue y3nbi rpOMoaannwCb cne- 
peflH vi C3aan crpaHMoii 0nrypw OHa ocTanoBnnacb. 
cKMHyna c nneM cboh yanw, onycTMna Ha non yBecwcryto 
cyMKy m npo6acnna 

- 3ApaBCTByiiTe, 6a6oHbKn. flaawo aaecb CHaMTe? 

- HoHbio Hac npuBesnii 

- Hy, a cewac yrpo KpacHoe Co mhom mm aonro 
noeo3HTbCH npHuinocb Topont-tflw, aa h ne cneiuana. 
Ona cKHByna c ce6a MexoBovi nonyiuy6oK, yao6no yce- 
nacb Ma oahom hs y3noe, paaMOTana nnaroK, h Mb) 
yBMflenw y/ibi6aiomeecR nnuo nownnoM wshiumhw. 

- Peeeie? - cnosHO yflMBMnacb ona, paamflabiBaR 
HaiuH 3annaK3HHbie nnua - aaBno 6u npMBbiKHyTb nopa 
flaBaiiTe nyntue ecTb mipowKH y MeH« ohm CBeweHbKMe. 
KaJKflbiM aoHb noflopowHMKM b TiopbMy newia 

- Kan noflopo)KHMKw? - onewnnM mm- Pease Bbt 
*aanw. mto Bac apecrymT? 

- A to k3k we? Mom My* crapbrn napTpa6oTHMK. flo 
peeontounn r c hum b ccwnKe. a 3MMrpaunw 6bina Ka« 
3a6panM ero, - a cewnac OKoribHUMM nyTHMM o apyrwx 
roeapMinax ysHaBaTb cra/ia Oflnoro, flpyroro, TpeTbero 
H6T. 3HanMT. noflMeieriKy Bcex3a6npaioTii)«eH npMxaa- 
TbiBatOT KaKyio cpa3y, Kanyio noroafl. Bot r vt nenna 
noflopowHMKM. aa noxnTKM nywHbie CKnaawBana 

HeT. HH^ero 3Toro mm HeaHanM.HeayMa/iM, MTOTaK 
Morno cnyvtuTbCR 

Ba6Ka cyHyna HaM no nupory m 6onbwoMy «6noKy 
TojibKo Mbi xoTenn ee noapoSHO paccnpooiTb, kbk ee 
BbJ3Bann. OHa3a6panacBOny3nbt.nnpornMyuina, noMa- 
xae HaM pyKoii. OnsTb SecKOHenHo Tsmynocb speMR. flsa 
paaa Hac BWBoanriM e ySopHyw Ho bot BbiaBariH mcmr 
MuMyw anMHHbie KOpHaopw, Bweenn bo aaop, n h rtOHR- 
na, mto onqtb HacrynMna HOHb. He6o 6wno TeMHbiM m no- 
3MMHeMy xMypwM MeHnnoaee/iH K(pyproHynBn»xHynM 
b 3aflHtoto asepMy. Ho ace ace a ycnena paccMOTpeTb, mto 
3to - cseTJio-cwHflH Maiunna. 6ea okoh, c naafucbio 
«Xne6» Tan bot hto aa npoayKiw passoanT no MocxBe b 
KpbiTbix aBTO!$ypronax' 

B (pyprowe 6b)no TeMKO, ho kto-to bsa/i mshr 3a 
pyKy n ycaann Ha cKaMbio. KaKafl-ro xeHiuwHa 3aroBopn- 
na. ho M3-3aaBepubi nocneaoBan OHpwc «MonnaTb!». 

Kawabtti pa3. Koraa oTKpbiBanacb aaepua, k hbm 
BTanmiBanM HOByioyaHMuy, BoTywe BcecKaweftKn aaHR- 
Tbi. riocneanne MOCTdTCHHa nony 3BRKHynn K/ifOHM-aro 
HacsanepnucHapywM. m Mwnoexann. Bee cpaay aaroao- 
pMriM: «S1 TaKaa-TO, moa tfiaMMnMR TaKan»- nc«ann 3Ha- 
KOMbix. Kyaa Hac eeayT? nosepHyjiH nanpaBO. npsMo 
floraaaniicb — BeayT no Bonbtuow flMHTpoBtte b Byrbip- 
CKyto TiopbMy TiopbMa, KaK n noTOM y3H3na. *wna hoh- 

HOM XtMSHblO npMB03binM 3aKJlK3MeHHblX. Bbl3blBarn Ha 

xionpocbi, OTnpaBnnnM sTanw - acerfla Hontto Haiua 
TKipbMoo6pa6oTKa anmiacb boo HOMb Cnanana pa3ae- 
riHaorona. 0T06pann ujnu/ibKM. aaKonxn, nonca cpe3MH- 
KaMM. noaBepr/iH yHM3HTe/ibHOMy ocMOTpyrena, noTOM 
Haa3npaTenbHwi4a tuBbtpHyna m MeMOaaHa cMSHy 6e- 
/ibs, nonoTenua. Mbi/ibHMuy OcranbHoe 3anepna. na- 
BecwB Ha MeMoaan ewpxy. Kohbom noBen k djoTorpa<py. 



flonro neTn«nn no KOpnaopaM HynKM 6es nosca naaa- 
RM, Metiianw math riOTOM mu npwcnoco6nnncb 06x0- 
anTbcn 6e3 peaMHOK - Tyro buhtom saKpy^iiBBR Mynxw 
noa KO/ieHOM . Tohho oopoa. ySwwLt. CHUMann e npocpunb. 
anctjac. nenarartiA xpacKoSi Kaxwww naneu 

5aHR rionyronbie MyjtwMHbi npwHHMaiOT b nponap- 
Ky oaexyiy. pa3fla»T MM3epHbie Kyconxw Mbtna, warno 
shtcMaTpwBaioT. BbscMeHsaroT Haujy HaroTy Tonbfe, ne- 
c^acTHbie. SecnpeaenbHo yHnweHHwe, aonrocroMM Mbi 
nepeq aaepbio b MwribHyio - TaM eiue kto-to MoeTCR, 
CnwLUMTCR pyraHb HaasMpaTenert. 

TaK npoujna BropaR nonb nocne apecra. 

Bbino coBceM caeTno. Koraa «ac nooflnHOMKe cTanw 
pasBoawTb no KaMepaM OanH kohbomp anepean - flpy- 
tom noaajiH. nepBbiw see apeMR cTywan cbsskom xriKweit 
npRWKy peMH». 3to 6bin cHrwan npeaynpe>KaeHnn - 
aeayr aaKnwHeHHoro h hhkto He aonwen c hum acrpe- 
MaTbCR EcrtM we Henb3R 6wno paaMHHyTbcn, to saKnio- 
4eHHoro 3anwxnBann a cneunanbHt>te KaMeHHwe Kap- 
MaHbi. ycrpoeHHbie a cTBHax. wnii nOBopam*Bann dmuom 
k cTene c noAHHTwMM Haa ronoaow py«aMn 

npoTMB oflHOii m aBepew Mbi ocTawoBMnMCb Koh- 
bomp aonro wc»can b cbooh orpoMHOH CBRSKe HywHbiM 
ktikjh Hawen. OTnepasepb, rpy6o anHxnyn mohr h Tyrwe 
3axnonHyn ee 

3pertnme, npeacTasiuee nepeao mhom, 6wno no- 
TpRcaiomnM. HecMeTHoe Ko/iwMecreo weHiiiMH, pacTpe- 
naHHwx. nonyofleTbtx, a oaHOM HMWHeM 6enbe. cTOflnn 
na Hapax m tprchh b pyKax KaKne-To Tp«nKn. Oana noMe- 
My-To Bee BpeMR npweeaana, a ceaan cTapyxa b rony60M 
tpmko CTORna b no3e 6oKcepa u nynanKOM ayBacuna 
KOro-TO b Boaayxe. 3 o6oMnena. «MenR aanMXHynvi B 
KaMepy yManwiueHHbix».- noayMana c ywacoM. 

Ho Tyr rpaa sonpocoB nocwnancH Ha MeHR: 

- Kto aw? no/ibKa? Xap6MHKa? W.ena? Koraa ape- 
CTOBanii^ q T0 Ha sone 7 O neM ntiiijyT b raaeTax"? Mto 
roaopttT moan? 

Fl Montana, TapainMia wcnyraHHbie rnaaa m wanacb 
k aBepn 

- fla onoMHMTecb, He 5oiiTecb, OTBenawTe .- 3aro- 
aopuna Co mhom nownnan weHtyviHa 

- A 3to kto?- yKa3ana r Ha cTapyxy b Tpuxo- M 
noneMy abt ace hto-to TpaceTe? 

- Ax , aia ' fla OHa npocTo aenaeT o^M3aapRaKy , mtoSw 
pa3MRTb aaTeKLUMe pyKM « ho™, a TpnceM Mbi BbicTHpaH- 
hob a y6opHOM Senbe - cyajnM ero. TaK kto we aw"? 

OTBeTWB «a ace Bonpocw, r ornnaenacb KaMepa 
6wna pa3MepOM npwMepHO 6x6 m, B neii 6bino aea 
3apeueHeHHbix QKna c myxuMn HatoiOHMbiMM mMraMM- 
HaMopaHMxaMM CHapyxw. ocrraBnRBiUMMM aBepxy nmub 

MarteMbKMft OTKpblTblli npRMOyrOJIbHMK, B KOTOpOM BMfl- 

Hencs xyconeK He6a. 

Boo KaMepy aaHnwann cnnouiHbie rortbie aepesHH- 
Hbie Hapu, 0CTaBnnaui«e CBo6ofl«biM nMuib Me6onbaioe 
npocTpaHCTBo y aaepM. 3aecb ctor/i MeTannM^ecKHM 
6aK-napauia. Bbino wapxo. naxno momom m hotom. 

B 3T0M K3Mepe C KMpnWHHbIM CBOflMaTbIM nOTOflKOM 

Haxoanrtncb 75 wenm«H Oahhx yBOannM, apyrMx npuso- 
anriM. ho 3to KonnwecTBo Bceraa ocTaBanocb ne- 
H3M6HHbtU. 

roBopnnn, hto b T3KOA KSMepe paHbtue noMeuia- 
nocb 5-10HenoBex, ho b 1937 r , BbicoKoypowaMHOM Ha 
saioiKDHeHHbix. b Hee 3annxMBanM 75 nenoseK KoHenHO, 
pasMecTMTbcs bccm Ha Hapax 6bino hbbo3mo)kho. rtOTO- 
My BHOBb npufJbiBUJMe ao^wHbi 6btnM cnaTb ooa HapaMM 



4 KA3AXCTAHCKHH AMHP 



hs ronoM LteweHTMOM nony. TaxMx ropeMwx 6wno neno- 
bck 10-15. Koraa Koro-TO Bbi3biaanw c aeiyaMw, npc-MC- 
xoflwna oBman nepeaBwwxa OcBo6oanBuji<iecB Mecrra 
3 an m Mann hx coceaM. a ropeMbiKM m «npe»cnoanevi» 
aw6npanncb na Hapw y napaww JlymuMMM cMmanvicb 
Mecra y oxwa - tbm noMema/incb cTapOKHnw Ho h na 
jiyMotMx wecTax cnan> 6bmo momho TOflbxo a cxpKWeH- 
hom nonowenwM . Mbi 6wn m He ksk ceneaxM 3 SoHxe, a Kan 
xH/ibKH b ManeHbxoii KpyrnoM 6aHxe. Ha Kawayio us Hac 
npnxoaKnca yMacTott nap oxono 30 cm b uwpHHy m MyTb 
6onee MeTpa a AnnHy Eonn KOMy-To bo cue cnyvanocb 
noBepwyTbCfl »a apyrow 6ok, to 3a new aojtwbh 6bin 
noaepHyrbcn eecb paa. Jlenb na cnwHy mhh BbrrBHyrb 
Morn - 6btno Heeo3MOXHO. 

Ecnw kto-to Bcraaan, ero mccto MOMeHTanbHo hc- 
ne3ano,- Tax aannwBaeT cnea nenoBexa, waymero no 
6onory. 

B xaMepe 6wno aytiiHo m wapxo. HecMOTpn na 
3MMH(oio noroay, oxHa He aaxpbiBanncb BenepOM MHe 
npzwnocb ne3Tb noa Hapbi TaM 6bino t6mho, rpnsHO H 
xonoflHo Bo3ayx m okhs we oceewan xaMepy. a xonoA- 
HbiM aysueM naaan bhh3 nocne ab/x 6eccoHHbix HoneM 
S8»ce ueMeHTHwii non noxasanca wenaHHHM 

noAcrenMB oahv nony nanbto jida ce6s. yxpwB- 
tuncb BTopoM nonoii m noanowwa noa ronosy naxnbiM 
yaenOK, a ycHyna 

Hepes HecxonbKo anevi HOHeBKM noA HapaMM b 
noMyBCTBOBana 6onb b ropne. K ee^epy MeH« 6nn 03H06 
HacrynMna HOHb, n b onqib ynemacb noA Hapw. Ha 
yTpeHHtoKJ noBepKy ywe He noAHanacb. C TpyflOM Men- 
uikiHbi Bb)TawMnn Mend «3-noA Hap fl bcb ropena m 
Tepsna co3HaHMe. Mewa no/iowttnM y napauJM. CiyMann 
HaacMOTpmH uy . npocnn m npiicna-Tb Bpana - Bee TmeTHo, 
nuiub Ha BenepneM noaepxe kohbomp nepeaan ana Mena 
Ta6neTKn CTperrroMHfla- 

3t3 anrwHa, nepeHecenHaa b ByTbipcxoii TiopbMe. 
ocraBnna MHe na naMHTb peBMarasM, KOTopbifi MyMMT 

M6HB BCtO *M3Hb. 

nomas b TopbMy, a cpasy nonnna. ncweMy 5binn 
apecTOBaHw BacnniiM n AHAPeti B xaMepe 6bino MHoro 
«nonex». Bee ohm umbok Hec^acTbe npMexaTb K3 
flonbujn hdm nepenncbisaniicb c poACTB6HHMKaMn. oc- 
TaBLUMMMCfl b Flonbiue. OTAeniiBuieMCfi nocne peso/iio- 
muh or Pocchm Mx Bcex o6anHflnn b liinMonawe. sacraB- 
naziM nwTKaMM noflnncbteaTb npn3HaHnn 

flpyran 6onbwan MacTb apecTOBaHHbix 6b*nn xap- 
6mhkh. CnyKatAwe. jxervt n ^ewbi wenesHOAopoxcHMKoa. 
jkmbujmx b Xap6nHe m pa6oraBiuMx Ha KnTaiicKO-BnaAM- 
boctokckom 3Kene3HOw Aopore, npHHaAnewaBiuevi Poc- 
cmh flopora 3Ta. noAOfOBOpy c KwraeM, 6wna nocrpoena 
npH HnKonae II OHa cessbiaana Poccmio c riopT-ApTy- 
POM m flanbHWM m o5cny>xnBanacb pyccKHMw. 

B Hanane TpMAUatwx toaob coaeTcroe npaBHTenb- 
ctbo npoAano KB>Kfl HnoHMM. oKKynHpoBasujeiS stot 
paiiOH KnTan TorAa-To e Toprcune Mockbw no«Bnnncb 
Ao5poTHbte flnoHCxne Toaapw 

B 3T0 BpeMfl 14 B03BpaTMnnCb c KB>KX1 pyccxHe 
)«ene3HOAopo)«HHKn. CeMMac ohk ace 6wnn apecTOBa- 
Hbi n o6BMHHnncb a uunnoHaxe 

TpeTbn rpynna Haiuew KaMepw h. noManyiS. caMan 
3HaMMTenbHan- *eHbi m AeTH apecroeanHbtx. 

OAHy. MoxiOAeHbKyK). 3Bann Tenn (0aMMnn» 3a6w- 
na) Ona 6wna A04epbK> eapefl-xoMMyHMCTa. 3MnrpaH- 
Ta. SewaBUiero na o>atUMCTCKO» TepMBHHH CHanana bo 
*panunio. a noroM s CCCP 



Bcb ceMbs ferm 6wna apecTOBawa Ona OHAe/ia Ha 
JlySfinxe. noroM ee nepeBenw a ByTbipxy. Fenio Macrro 
BwBOAMnn Ha Aonpoc Bosspamanacb ona noA yTpo c 
OTexiuHMH upacHbiMM rna3aMM CneAOBaTenb co4MHfin 
ew pasHoe, a xorAa ohb OTKa3biaanacb noAnncwsaTb. 
cnjn6an c nor m 5nn ee ronoaoii 06 non. 

riOTHHynwcb crpaiuHbie ahm om^s,anvm m naflewA. 
Bbt3biBaeMwx c BeiuaMH )x6hiamh npoBowann Ha eonto. 
A Kax xe Mna^e? Pa3o6panncb a mx h6bhhobhocth m 
omycxaiOT. 

XoTt MMesiuke «ceoe» Aeno roBopnnn, mto noA 
yrposaMM n no6oHMn ohm noanMca/iM npn3H3Hne o He- 
coBeptuewHbix npecTynneHunx - ian 3to «e Bee He- 
npaBfla' 

MnorMe noAnncbiBanM Ha ce6n ewe noTOMy. mto 
«Tax naA0» no^eMy, oT^ero, KOMy suo HyacHo «TaxHaAO»- 
hmkto He 3Han vt ne mot o6tHCHKTb. Ho 3to MarH^ecKoe 
«raK HaAO» xoah/10 M3 xaMepu b xaMepy Bwna nn 3Ta 
nenenocTb po«AeHa a6cypAHocTbio apecra 6e3 smhw m 
o6BMHeHnii b npecrynneHHRx 6e3 npecTynneHHti mjim sto 
6bina npoBoxauMfl HKBfl Ann ycKopeHwa m o6nerMeHns 

MX M6P3K0M paSOTbl? 

HecMotpB Ha BBHyw a6cypflHOCTb, 3Ta npoaoxaMMft 
MMena yenex y MHomx, HbM Bons M ncMXMKa 6bi/iM cnoM- 
neHw. M Bee we ace, HaxoAMBWMecn e xawepe npeABapM- 
TenbHoro 3axniOHeHMft, see. He noAnncaBujwe n noAnw- 
caatiiMe Ha ce6fl, »yianM, HaAennncb, Bepwnw, mo kto-to 
MMCpMMecxMM, kto-to rnaBHWM pasSepeTcn, y6eAMTcs 
HeKOTopwe 6binM apecT0B3Hbi neTOM, He MMenM hm 
Tennbix BeiAeM, hm o6yBM. He xoAMnM Aawe na AectmiMH- 
HyTHyto nporynKy. rionymiBtuMe usseujeHMe AenewHOM 
nepeBOAe SbinM CMacrnMBbt He AeHbrw BawHw, Ba*HO 
to, mto na sone kto-to ocTancn ms poahux. kto-to noMHur 
Te6e Ho MHorMM nepeAa** He 5wno. K KOHuy Mecnqa 
« Towe nonyHMna M3Beu4eHne 3h3hht, MaMa Haiuna 
MeHB, OHa Ha CBo6oAe. 

llMTaHMe e TiopbMe 6btno CKyAHbiM riaiiKa xne6a, 
yrpOM no>KKa xaiuM, b o6eA natuKa 6anaHAbi, Ha ywHH 
Mepnax Kanjn-pa3Ma3HM. Hm i«Mpa, hm caxapa Bee spe- 
mh xoTenocb ecTb, Pas b 2 H6Aenn 6bin napex. flBe 
wewinHHbt nofi KOHBoeM lunn s TtopeMHWH MarasMH m 
npwHOCMnw Ha 10 py6 hbchok. caxap. B TropbMe y BCex 
npexpaTvtnMCb MeHCTpyauMii, xots HeKOTopwe cMAenn 
no nonroAa m 6onbuie Ohw aonro He B03BpamanMCb m b 
/tarepBX Bosmojkho. hbm mto-to noAMeLuwaanM b nMmy 

ripoiuen Meeau nocne apecra, a MeHtt HMxyAa He 
Bb)3biBann, HMnero He cnpaiuHBanH. hm b neM He oSbmhb- 
nw 3Ta HeonpeAeneHHOCTb nyrana. Ho bot OflHa>KAbi 

HOMbKJ TKjpeMlUMK BhIKpHKHyn MOKJ (paMMnMW - «Co6m- 

pawTecb 6e3 BetLjew» Shbhht, Ha aonpoc 

Mw noaHBHMCb na BepXHMM 3Ta». npouinw cBeT- 

HblM. MHCTblM KOpHAOpOM M OCTaHOBMrtMCb npOTMB OA* 

hom M3 ABepeM Kohbomp BnycTMn MeHR b KOMHary. a caM 
ocranca 3a ABepbtc. 

KoMnaTa 6wna ManeHbKap. CneBa cronn nnob- 
MenHbiM CTon, 3a xoropbtM cwaen c/ieAOBaTenb. 3to 
6bin MyitwMHa neT TpMAUaTM, cMyrnwii. c aoaonbHO Kpa- 
cmbwmm ^epiaMM nMua Depea hmm CTosn ManeHbKMM 
cronMK m cTyn an« aonpaiuMBaeMoro 

Ha creHe. Haa ronoBOii cneaoBaTena. 6onbtu«M 
nwnoBbiM CHSHMeM pacrrexanocb nepHMnbHoe nBTHO 
riOATexM y6eranM aa nnMHTyc. 

- Kto-to sanyemn eMy e ronoBy nepHMnbHHqeM, - 
MenbKHyna aoraaxa - MoweT, AHapeki' 

CneAOBaTenb nonpocMn weHB cecTb. IIotom nono- 
)Knn nepea co6om nwer SyMarM m cTan 3aaaeaTb aHKBT- 



wwwka^taorg 



84 



4 cyjibfibi craiETM 



Hbie Bonpocbi 3an«CbiBan mow OTBetbi, oh HecKO/ibxo 
pas OTOfleMran auimk crona m, aarnflawBan b Hero, sepo- 

flTHO. CBepflJI MOM OTBeTbl CO CBOMMM CBefleHMSMM riOfl 

KOHeq Hapo^MTo crporo cnpocwn: 

- Mto bw awaeTe o KOHTppeBomounoHHoii AeRienb- 
hocth Baiuero Myxa? 

Jl oTeeTMna, mto He SHaio 3a hum tbkom aenTenbHo- 
ctm vi yBepena, mto ee HMxoraa He 6bino. 

Oh sanncan mom OTseT. rioroM xax-To BHMMaTenb- 
ho nocwoTpen na Menu, mto-to noayMan m npoTBHyn MHe 
nwcTflnn rtoanMCH flpoMMTaB see Bonpocw h mom OTBeTbi 
n He HaMflfl HHnaKHx noaaoxoB, n noanweanacb Oh 
nswsn xHonxy HBHncfi kohbomp m OTBen mbhr b xaMepy 

B03Bpamanacb n aoBonbHSfl. yBep6Hnan, mto Te- 
nepb. Koraa jaaxce cneaoaaierib He npeabnawn MHe 
HMKaKMX o6BHHeHHM. Mens HS3aMeji/inTenbHO ocboSo- 
aflT. Mepea Hecxonbxo aHew Menu. aewcTBHTeribHO, 
Bbi3Bann c BemaMH. PaaocmaR, noMTw CMacmMBa*, b 
nonpomanacb c coceaxaww m seceno nocneacaana 3a 
kohbompom Mbi nepeceKnn aeop h Bownw b OTflejibHo 
CToaujee 3aaHne - Bbiatuyio TiopeMHyfo uepxoBb. Ona 
Sbina nonna weHiawM c TaxuMn we K3K y Menu y3enxa- 
mw HaM ne npHiunocb jonro >«aaTb. H3 OTropoweHHow 
KOMHaTu Bbiiuen soeHHbiii h Bbisaan no cpaMHnuu nep- 
ayic mepTBy. Ona npo6wnaTaM neaonro Bwiuna Hey3na- 
saeMOrt JlMLioee6bino6neflHO,pyKMapo)Kajin, BpacujM- 
peHHbtx rnaaax croan ywac K new noaoewanM. 

-Mto? 

- BoceMb neT narepew,- npowsHecna OHa m c pw- 
aaHueM onycTwnacb na cxaMeiiKy 

Bbimna BTopan Cnesw pyMbeM KaTKnMCb no ee 
jwuy 

-Mto' 

-BoceMbJieinarepeM. xaxqneH cewbn M3MeHHMKa 
Poamhw. 

Bee HOBbie m hob we o6peueHHbie Bxoannw h Bbixo- 
auriH us 3tom KOMHaTbi HHKBM3HUMH V Bcex 6bino no 
aoceMb, pence no nnTb net narepew. 

Mepxosb npeepaTMnacb b npencnoaHiOK> ropn m 
OTnaftHHH. Kto-to rpoMito pwaan, kto-to CMenncn b mc- 
repwKe. apyne Mo/mann, cor6eHHo cwaenw na CKaiweM- 
xax. oxeaTWB py«aMn ronoBy. Kaxaft-To weHiyMHa MeTa- 
nacb oTcreHb) k ctchc Babiasn k 6ory: 

- rocnoaw! 3a ^to nocbt/iseiub Tanoe HaKa3anne? 
Mto 6yaeT c mowmw HecwacTHbiMH aeTbMH? Cnacn h 
noMMnyii mx Tocnoa^, ne aavi hm nomgHyTb. cbhtoh 
yroaHMK' 

Ona ynana na xonenn m, xpecTncb, miana seMHue 
noKnoHw 

Te, xoro eme He Bbi3Bann. co CTpaxoM cMOTpenn Ha 
npoimnTyio fisepb 

BboeanH MeHB. 3a ofibiHHbiM KaHuen»pcKHM cto- 
noM cwaenn aBoe BoeHHbix Oahh nepeenpoewn y MeHB 
0aMnnwio m npOTflHy/i mhb ManeHbKMM hmctox 6yMarn 

- ripomiTaiiTe m pacnMUJMTecb. 

Ma otpMMManbHOM Onanxe HKBfl Ha MaujHHKe Bbino 
HanenaTBHO: 

«fp CienawoBa-KniOMHHKOBa r. E.. 1914roaapo>K- 
aeHHA, peuienweM Oco6oro coaemaHHB npn HKBfl npw- 
roeapMBaeTCfi k na™ roaaM rarepew, xax 4neH ceMbw 

MSMBHHUKa POflMHWM. 

- 3to oxoHMaTenbHO?- eu4e Hauuna s e ce6e cwnbi 

CnpOCHTb 

- OxoKnaTejibHO- PacnmiiHTecb 

Pyxa nnoxo cnyiuanacb. Byxau Bbixoannn xopnBbi- 



mm R wanncana «HMTana» m noanweanacb BbixoaMBUJMx 
M3 KOMHaTbi yjKe ne cnpaiDkiBanw. 4To- cnpaujM sarin. 

CKOHbKO. 

- flHTb neT. 

fl OToiiJJia. cena na cxaMeiiKy. yncHyna ronoay s 
xonenn h sannaxsna CH3nana nnaxana Monna. noTOM 

CTana TWXOHbKO BblTb. 

B 23 roaa 5 ner - sto Kpymenwe jkhshm, n»Tb neT - 
3to KOHeu MonoaocTH, nnTb neT - sto rn6enb ecex Ha- 
ae«A. nsTb neT — sto cwepTb CMepTHbiii npuroBop 
AHapem. CMepTHbiti npnroBop MHe 

3aecb He 5bino hm hkoh hm Bora Bbm Aa 

H/. 3man 

B orpoMHoi* nepeewnbHOM xaMepe 6bino cB06oa- 
neii h BonbroTHew. Ha creHax. uyry He ao noTonxa, 6wnn 
BbmapanaHbi cpaMHnum MyjtwwH m weHiiiMH. abtw w cpo- 
m UenwMH aHBUM Mbt W3y^i3nn ary CTewonncb Mnorne 
Hsxoannn cDaM/nnn 3HaxoMbix bbinn 3aecb m Heown- 
aaHHbie BCTpeHn. Tax. b nepecbinxe acTpeTnnwcb Bee 
:'KeHiiitiHbi cewbH EHyKMa3e-MaTb, aBe ao^epn n HeBe- 
CTxa. y acex 6wno no 8 ner « nuaib y Mnaatuew, 4eTbip- 
H3au3TnneTHeM HwHbt - 5 neT, 

lltnn ahu riepecbinbHaa xaMepa nocTeneHno na- 
nonHsnacb n nepenonnsnacb. Mw TOMnrrwcb n >xaann 
Tenepb wyianM 3Tana. Cxopeii 6bi 3Tan, exopeii 6bi 
narepb -Ta« 6yaeT HeSo. seMnn. CBo6oaa. xoTb orpaHH- 
neHHafl Konfflnew nposonoKOH, ho ceo6oaa nepeaBw^e- 
hhb, Kaxaa-TO pa60Ta - ne 3Ta cTpaiuHan T«pbMa c 
HesenoaeMecxoM TecHOTOw, c BOHKmew napaiuew, c oa- 
Hopa30Boii onpaBxow Ha ma3ax y croflmeiS x otKpwTOMy 
yHHTa3y cwepeaw. CTOMMTenbHWM 6e3aenbeM, 6es xnnr, 
6es paawo. c nonycHOM b cxproneHHOM nonoKeHMH, c 
HeoTcrynHbiMM MwcnfiMM. ot kotopwx MyrnTca paccy- 
aox. CxopeM 6bi. exopeu 3Tan 

0! Ecnn 6bi 3Han» Mbi. mto Taxoe 3Tan. naBepnoe. ne 
jxaanw, ne Toponnnu co6wthr. M bot HacTsna nocne- 
aHBR Ho^b b GyTbioxe Hac sbieenn ao asop, eepHynw 
waiiJM MeMoaaHbf n nocTpownn b tuepeHry Kaxoe CTpaH- 
HOec6opnweMbi npeacTasnann, Ktob ujyBe.a kto neno- 
SMMHeMy, b aeMnceaoHHOM, a to m neTHeM nanbTo Kto 
b MoanoM Lunflnxe, a kto c ronoeow. oSMOTaHHoS nono- 
TeHueM. HecxonbKo weHLUMH oaeTw e dapbie conaaTC- 
»:ne LUkiHen^ n pBaHue TenorpeMKH. v\ na norax y hux 
nenoMepHO 5onbujne 6pe3eHTOSbie 6yTCbi Ha aepeenH- 
hom noaoinae 3tkx ropeMbix apecroBanii neTOM, o6Ma- 
hom BbtsBanw Ha xopOTxoe Bpeua k cneaoBaTenio, 
npMXBaTMnw Ha ynmje hpm cHnnii c noe3aa. Ohm npocM- 
aenw b TiopbMe ao 3WMbi, a eemeabie nepeaami ot 
poacTBeHHHKOB 6binn sanpemeHbi. Bot m ompaBMnwcb 
ohh b 3Tan b xaaeHHOM peaHbe. 

Ot xoro wcxoawna 3Ta jxecToxocTb? Paaw xaxHX 
"peBonraqnOHHbixn, «counanncTtmecxMx», «KOMMyHH- 
cTMMecKnx» npHHunnoB caflMCTcxH M3ae8anwcb Haa 
nioabMM? HeMeuxvix HauiicTCKMx npecTynHMKOB cyaw- 
nm, wx m ceMMac npnanexaKiT x OTBeTCTseHHocTnt. 8 

COBeTCKOM POCCMM HMKTO M3 pBaOBblX SHKaBeaeiUHM- 

kob. cneaoBaTeneM. n36nBaeiiJnx m yonBaetiinx 3axnK>- 
MeHHbix nana^ei'i Tpn5yHa/ioB n oco6bix coseuuaHnii, 
caflncTOB-T»peMmnKOB m HaHanbHMKOB narepeii - 
HMKTO M3 3TMX opecTynHMKOB He 6btn ny6nnHH0 Haxa- 
3aH Ohm o5ecneMeHHO w 6e33a6oTHo saxaHHMBaiOT 
XM3Hb Ha nepconanbHbix neHCMnx, nonbsytOTCn noMe- 
tom m bcsmm 6naraMM paSoTHMKOB «opraHOB» «Opra- 
Hbi» - cnoBO-To xaxoe-To BeccTbiflHoe. npecTynnoe - 
Knoaxa rpnsM. kposm. caanaMa 



KAPTA' UJ3-44 3009 



4 



KA3AXCTAHCHHH AJDKHP 



IS 



B 3Tan, Bnepeaw m c33£m nac cnbiaiariMCb npnrriy- 
njeHHhie ronoca MywwMH Haa ronoBOM 3Be3aHoe He6o, 
MyTb Mopo3nno. (Ho HoBocnoSoacKOii nporpoxoTan xa- 
koh-to aanosaanwM TpaMeaii. fae-To BflanH npocMrna- 
nwi aBTOMoBwjTb. 

fl sksuiho noa/na 3tm MocxaBCKwe asyxM w c 6onbK) 
aywana. MTOcrrbiLiiy hx e nocneaHMif pa3 C HenpMewwKM. 
or caewero Boaayxa xpywHnacb ronoea Bbino oMCHb 
noaano n xonoflHo. Mw xyja/iM aonro HaKOMeq. Bee 
6wnw BbiBefleHbi w nocrpoeHbi a tuepewy no 6ok3m 
pbinanM n noBKsrMBasm co6axn, KOManaoBa/iM kohsom- 
pw. H3K0HeM, eopOTaoTKpbi^MCb. w Bee TpOHynwcb. LLInn 
K3KWMH-TO rrtyxMMM rtepeyfixaMM OxHa aoMOB TeMHw. 
ynwufci nycTbiHHbi LLIriMaonro. noa KOHey npoiunn aaonb 
BbicoKoro myxoro 3a6opa, eownM b BOpOTa u oxaaanMCb 
y nacwnm Ha >xene3H0M aopore. Ha penbcax ctohh co- 
craB TOBapHbix saroHOB (Tennyujex). Kto- to aoraaancfi, 
hto 3to AneKceescKMw TynMK. Hawa xonOHHa pacTflny- 
nacb Bflo/ib nacwnti, oceemeHHOM npowexropaMM fl 
ornimenacb. Hac 6bino Mnoro, npMMepHO oxono flByx 

TbOW 

nocjibiLuanacb KOManaa: «BceM cecTb!». Vcexincb 
npsMo na CHer Bnepeaw Ha^anacb norpy3xa C«aeTb 
6bino xonoflHo. Mym* 6ea pesuHOK cte3>KafiM c noawa- 
Tbix Ko/ieH, cner 3a6nBanc« b tpmxo. Bapyr Bnepeaw 
weaaneKO ot Hac. nocjibiujancH kphk; «Ctom! Kyaa'CTpe- 
nqTb6yay'» fl BCKHHyna ronoBy H yBwaena romero napnu. 
MBTHyBiuerocH b cTopOHy sa6opa. Ha oery oh crracKMSan 
c ce6n 6pK3Kn. 3amerraan saraop bwhtobkm. m kohbomp 
onflTb 3aKpMMan: «Ctom! CTpertfito'n, OTSextaBiumi npM- 
cen. CTHHyn c ce6n urraHw m aaxpwHan, HeT, aaBbin no- 
iKMBOTHOMy : «A. . . A .. A . . »- ero nonocMno Kohbowp Haue- 
jnn/1 b ynop a Hero BMHTOBxy. ho He BbterpenMrt He/ioeex 

He CMOr MCnpaWHflTbCH C pflaOM CMaHLUKM TOBapMiaeM 
PuCKyH 6blTt> y6MTWM, OH He OnyCTMHCH flO CKOTCTBa. 

B aarone MHe aocranocb MecTo Ha btopom qpyce 
Hap CeMnac, xoraa h acnoMWHaxj 3Tan. sarow m sHBapb 
1938 roaa, MHe yawBMTe/ibHO, xax hmkto m3 Hac ne ypuep 
3a 3tot MecBq nyTH. CxonbKO *e tpn3HHecK0ii m Mopanb- 

HOii npOMHOCTM B JKeHtyHHax. CKOnbKO OHU MOryT BbtTep- 

neTb. awHecTn! 

B aarone nnomaabK) 25 m Hac noMeiyanocb 70 
HenoBex Hac Beanw He xax cxot. no cpaaneHnx> c Haiwn 

KOpOB 14 CBHHefi B03RT C KOM0OpTOM. flO TOpuaM BarOHa 

6bmw ycTpoeHbi flByx-bflpycHue wapw. Hpothb flBepn 
CToana we/ieanaR neMypxa. a a nony BwpeaaHo xpymoe 
OTaepcTwe, cnywamee y6opHOii. 

Ha napax Mornn paaMecroTbcn He 6onee 60 Menc~ 
sex, a ocranbHbtM npwxoawnocb cnaTb na nony win 
>KflaTb, xoraa kto-jim6o ycTynMT mm wecro. Cpean Hac 
6wna 6yMHonoMeiuaHH3fl, ace speMH nwiaaiuascfl xoro- 
to npttayujuTb. oana eepeMenHan na cnocnx h yMnpara- 
u(3fl c TawenwM cepaeMHWM npncTynoM - wena EHyxtia- 
3e. ripn raxoii Tecnote b aarone HaM npHxoawnocbaneM 
m Ho^bKj Jieaca-rb na wapax /}hsm, npaBaa. mu Mornii 
HHoraa. cxop^MBuiHCb b Tpw norn6enti, cuaeTb. Toraa 
nepea jihljom 6onTa/incb ho™ o6nTaTeneki aepxHHx Hap 
no Heo6xoflMMOcTn cnycxariMCb bhh3 h npnceaa/iH Haa 
AwpoH b nony, ms KOTopott yparaHOM Bpbisancn CHer. 
noTOMy Tepnenw ao octshobkh - Taw 6bino noTHLue. B 
nyrw awpy saxptJaa^M nianxoM M3-nofl ymfl Yrorib 6wn 
ocTaBiieH eme a MocxBe Ero xBaTwno HeHaaonro. HHor- 
aa kohbom 6poca/i naM oxanxy apoB. Tonn/iw sxohomho, 
vatae cyTxaMM He 6btno hm noneHa, w Tennyuixa rpe/iacb 
JiwLUb HauiMM flbixaHweM noTOM a narepe paccxaawBa- 



jth. mto Taxwe 3Tanbi MHoraa npnxoawnw Ha Mecro Ha3na- 
HeHun He c nioabMM, a c 3aMopO)xeHHbiMw TpynaMn 

Haa naMH oxanw/iacb npnpoaa. 3a eecb iwecnu 
Haiuero STana He 6wno 6onbtunx Mopo30B Moe iwecTO y 
CTenbi 6bino He M3 ny^ujMx. Cnanw b ujy6ax. BaneHxax (y 
xoro own 5bi/wt), b ujanxax. YTpow p oranpana ot creHbi 
nonw npMMepsiuero nanbTO Ho 6wno y MeHR n HexoTO- 
poe npeMMymecTBo. Ha CTeHe, pnaow co mho^, ownw 
aBe ronoBxw ot SonToa Ha hhx ujanxoPi HaMepaan MHeii. 
h b CHHiaana ero a mqk> MbiribHMuy. cnywHBLuyxj MHe 
HaujKow . 3tot cner a cocana . Oh neMnoro yTonnn 5Ka*ay. 
Boay waM aaBa/in Tax we peaxo, xax n apoaa. EweaneB- 
ho Mbi nonyMariM cyxow naex. 3to 6bina nafixa Mopo>xe- 
Horo xne6a h noriOBWHa p^aaow ce/ieaxn. HMxaxoii wna- 
koh nwian Tyr-io u BbipyMan MHeiit c 6ojttob 3Tan nauj 
aBnranc« wanow cxopocrbx). aawe chmluxom Manoii. Mbi 
name cToann, ^eM exanii. m ctoa/ih rae-Hn6yab Haaa/ib- 
hhx aanacHbix rryTHx Ecnn no6riM30CTH He 6bmo BOao- 
paafiopHbix xonoHOx, KOHaonpbi /ieHnnncb wocMTb Boay. 
CyTxaMn Mbi >xaann, xoraa c BwaroM pacxpoeTcn aaepb, 
xohbowp BoabMCT naiue nycroe aeapo. a hotom npnae- 
ceT ero o6patHO c xonoanovi Boaofi. 

Kpywex noHTM hm y xoro He 6bino. flejKypnafl paariM- 
sana Boay b Haiun MbinbHiiubi OS yMwaaHMH hmkto He 
aywan. 

LUfiMaHH . Teno xepaan xonoa. BHyrpM BceapojKano. 
3Ta BHyrpeHHHn apowb HMxoraa ne ocTaanflna. Opra- 
hh3m npocw/i Tenna m n*iinn. Xot» 6bi xpyjxxy ropRHeii 
Boabi 0' Kax wenTanocb 06 stom ropsmew xpyxtxe' J\ep- 
W3Tb ee a naaoHnx. corpeTh CHanana oKOMeHeeujne 
naribubi, a noTOM, oBwHraflCb, rnoTatb 3to HecpaBweH- 
Hoe nMTbe. Ecnw x<a«ay yronwria xonoanan soaa. to 
cwibHee HaMMHan repaaTb ronoa- 

- Ecrb xony ! - xpwuan nycroiii Mcenyaox. nMiuM Tpe- 
6oBano ocryweHHoe, 03fl6ujee Terto. CteaanM MOpowe- 
Hbiti xne6, ho ro/ioa He npoxoawn. B ronoae ne 6bino hm 
eauHow MbicriH. hm eaMHoro nyscTaa. xpoMe wenaHMn 
corpeTbcn. Bee mu 6wnn 6onbHbi, Kto wanosancfl na 
cepaue, xro-TOTeMnepaTypun, Tepsn cosnaHMe, CTOHan 
ot6ohm. ho mx hmkto He yreiuan. He BpaneBart HeM mm 
mojkho 6bino noMo^b? Mu Bee oflWHaxoso crpaflanH, 
Mjwanncb ot xonoaa. 6onM. ^axtaw, ronoaa. 

Akmodmhck BcrpeTMn yparaHHWM bbtpom. Oh cpw- 
aan c seM/iw cxyaHbiM CHer vt man ero Seno-wemoiS 
necnaHOM no3eMxoii. Mro sto Ka3axcT3H, Axmohmhck. 
mw y3Ha/?n nocne, a cnanana 6wna pa3rpy3xa, Otbwk- 
Lune ot xoab6bi Horn orxaswaanMCb MaTH. Mhooix npM- 
ujnocb noaaepwMBaTb. mto6w ohm Momn aonnecTMCbao 
6ap3xa. oTCTosmero ot nyTM Ha aBecrw MeTpoB. Bapax 
6btn nycr - hm Hap. hm cxaMeex PaccenMCb kto Ha hbm 
B aaepsx kohboh c bmhtobxom. Boxpyr xonioKan npoao- 
noxa. Baanexe cnpaBa Ma«minn caMaHHbte MaaaHKM. a 
Boxpyr - 6enan ctenb, 6ecxpaMHBn. aaMopoMceHHas. 
BeTpHHas nonpocMBiuMCb b y6opHyto, mw BTpoeM Bbiuj- 
riM M3 oapaxa Cxo/iOMenHaH na ropBbineM ySopHan 
CTOflna b yrny naiuero KOJiiowero 3aroHa. 

no apyryra CTopOHy npoBonoxn weHiuMHa noarpe- 
6ana m yKpennnna error ceHa Eii noMoran crapMnox 
no6nM3ocTM ne Bbino xohboh. Oh omflaencn h noaotuen 
k npOBonoxe. 6nM«e k hsm. 

CTapn4ox 6wn caobho yroaHMK c tJjpecxM <Deo(fcaHa 
Tpexa - waneHbKoe nm^MKo ero o6paMnnna ce/ieHb- 
xafl, noacrpiDxeHHat) xriMHbiujxoM 6opoaxa m noHMKLUMe 
yew. Tnasa 6ea 6necxa saHMMa/iM TpeTb riMua. KpynHbte 
m b to >xe BpeMA rnyrjoxo aanaaume, cxopBHwe, ohm 



86 



4 cyjibbbi crofiETtm 







Ocmamxu nasepa e cmenu Kapa6aca 



KAPTA' W43-U J0O5 



4 



KA3AXCTAHCKHH AJDKNP 



87 



6binn o6paM/ieMbi crapow MopiawHwcToii nepHbio. Ma- 
zieubKHM pot TpexKonee^HOM MOHeTOw xpyrnnncs> noa 
ceabiMM ycaMH U4eKM rnydoxMMH 6opo3flaMn 3ananw a 
nycroTbt 6e33y6wx aecen. Ka3anocb. cwnbHwvi eaxyyM 
amwyn snyTpb ece nepiw ero nwua. 

- OTtcyaa Bbi, AeaoHbKH?- o6paTnnen oh k hsm 

- Ha Mqckbw, aeayuwa A Kyaa Hac npusesJiM? 

- BoHTaM AicMonnHCK.-MaxHyriOM pyttot* b cropOHy 
3£MnsHOK.- TyT paateaa, a sto Haiun xarw 

Hea roeopwn c 33MeTHWM yxpaMHCXHM anaeHTOM. 

- A Bbi kto. aeAyiutta? KaK cioaa nonanw? 

- Mbi-TO. nepeceneHuw mm. Hac ewe a rpwaMaTOM 
foay ctOAa cocnann. (IpHeeann amenon. B6nnn b 3eMn»o 
Kon c KpacHWM tpnaroM m cxasanw: «Bot cTannua Batua» 
CTanw Mbi seMrifiHKM pwTb, Tpaayaa xopeixjKM xaxHe Ha 
3HMy cymnTb Tonbtto Mano kto M3 HacTy 3nMy nepewnn. 
rtoyMHpann. cepaenHwe. Mne noaesno, fl 6oHaapb. 
B3nnn MeHd a AKMonMHoc 6ohkh aenaTb, box n n bwkmji. 
A Tenepb xonxo30M 3aecb wnBeM. 

3Ta BcrpeMa h paccKa3 WHTena «6enoii Mornnw» 
janOMHHncs mhs na bcio x<M3Hb. Ha pastesae mu npo- 
6binn Heaonro. npKujjw rpysoaHKM. HaM npnKa3ann 
aaSpaTbca a xysoaa, HaspwnK 6pe3eHTOM n noae3/in, 
XoTb exana mm oxono naca, ho ace we HeKOTopbie. rtnoxo 
ofletbie, ycnenn oQMopoaMTbCH 

Tan. b 0eBpane 1938 roaa a npw6wna b 26 OTaene- 
Hue Kapnara HKBfl h nocenwiacb {Sbiaaer we Taicoe!) b 
26 5apaxe. 

IV. Anmup - Akmohuhchuu naaepb mbh 

u3MenHUKOe PoduHht, 

Bckj 3HMy 1937-38 rr Haw narepb npunnMan no- 
nonneHwe. CnoweHHwe W3 caM3Ha 6apaxn. eiae He 
npocyiueHHwe, 3anonHann weHmwHw us pa3Hbix ropo- 
flOB Bonbuje acero 6wno m Mockbw. ho 6wnn Tatotce c 
YKpaHHw, BenopyccMM. rpyami. Ma BnaaMMMpa m Tpy- 
3mm npnBe3ni4 nenoBex copox Sua nx Mens oiuenoMnn 
BceoHw6btnn Haronoo6pwTw. >KanKne, CTpauJHbte mqh- 
m«Hbt 6wnn noxo)KM na Henenwx noapociKOB. K BecHe 
natua 26 TOHxa Kapnara ywe HacMMTbisana 8 twcsw «an- 

3nMa 6bina CTyaenaB. B 6apaKax aByx3Ta?KHbie 
cnnoiUHwe ronue napw m oaHa nenb »a ecto «33apMy 
npon3BOflCTBeHHoii paSoTbi He 6bmo - HananbCTso Kap- 
nara saHMManocb pasMeweHweM MHoro^McneHHbix 3Ta* 

TOB. 

Mw npMHnnncb caMn HanaxuBatb cbom 6wt rto- 
6nn30CTM 6bino osepo, nopoctuee KaMwiuoM. B conpo- 

aoXtfleHMM KOHBOWPOB H C063K Mbl KOCHDM (taMWUJ H 

B«3anw M3 Hero Marw. cnyxcwsiuwe HaM MaTpauaMH 
KaMbiwOM h OTan/inaanncb. flHeBanbHbie cyTKaMM noa- 
•cnaabiaanvi ero a nenb. Moposw cronnM nwTwe. OflHaw- 
aw, necn eoay na KopoMbicne r nocxonbSHynacb h 
ynana. 06a Beapa onpoKKHynncb Ha MeH« Fl MOMeH- 
TanbHO noKpbinacb nea^HbiM nanutipeM B Sapaxe 
*eHiaiiHbi coapanw c Menu neaflnyto Kopxy, n n 0Ka3a- 
nacb ncwTw cyxoM 

TaK cMaenH mw Ha napax h nero-To onnTb waann 
>Kaann BecHw. wjianiA npwxoaa HananbHMKa narepn Ba- 
PHHoaa h ero 3aMecTMTenn (no nonnTaocniiTaTenbHOw 
43cth) MwiuMHa. Koraa oh nonawncfl, xceHujHHbi 6pocn- 
nwcb k HeMy, npocn, yMonuR, ipe6yn coo6mwTb. rae 
HaxoaflTCfl Hxae™, HTOCTanocb coCTaBneHHbiMH. Matrro 
r PyAHbiMn, aerbMM. SonbHbiMM poanTennMH Oh onpaB- 
Ubisanca HesnaHweM h pasaasan puctkh 6yMarn ann 



sananeHHH. 14 Mbi nncann P aonvmn o cnpaBeaanBOCTM. 
AapecoBariM mx b npoKypaiypy CCCP. KanMHMHy. CTanw- 
ny h 6or BecTb etae KOMy. Kyaa aesaJiHCb hotom Hau/w 
npoujeHHB - He snaro HaBepHoe. hx Tyrxe yHHMToxann 
Beab 0TB6T0B Ha hhx hmkto HHxoraa He nony^aji, 

Kax-To nonyMwaocb. mto 6apaK Ham pasaenMncn na 
3eMnsHecTBa - Hapw 6axtiH0K, yKpanHOx, Senopycox, 
MOCKBWHeK PaaoM co mhom Ha e-ropoM srawe nap nna- 
ttana o caoen aonxe SenoKypan KpacaBuqa KnaeattH 
raBpHnoana Po3Whxo Ee 0nanKOBbie rnaaa, Ka3anocb. 
HHxoraa ne Bbicwxa/iw. Paa°m nexona Hmh3 rpwropb- 
eBna MnxawjieHKO, ran we, k3k h h, cryaeHTxa Mw bcoo- 
MHHa/iHCHeHHaujHMHCTMTyTw. MocKay.KOHMepTbi, TeaT- 
pw floa HaMM cnana Paxiinb MnxatinoBHa rinncei4Kafl. 
TpM pasa b aenb ona Serana s aeicxMS 6a pax KopMMTb 
rpyabw cwna. npw apecre ohb He oraana rpyaHOro pe- 
6eHxa, m ee noMecTnnn s cnequanbHyto X3Mepy ByTwp- 
ckom TwpbMw, rae 6bmo OKOno crra Marepew c rpyaHbtMn 
aerbMM Bee ohh pasMemaawcb na cnnoujHwx Hapax. 
Pas BaeHb a KaMepy npHHOCttnn noxanb. HannBa/in Tyaa 
tenny»o Boay c MapraHuoaxoH. B stom noxSHti noonepea- 
ho Kynanw MnaaenMea, a noroM c™pann neneHxn. koto- 
pwe cyuiMnM y ce6n Ha ro/ioee, na nnevax. BenepaMw 
Paxwnb paccKa3WBana hbm o caoetS xopoTKOii xapbepe 

B KHHO H BCe 6eCn0K0HRaCb - OCTaBHT /in aHxaBeancTbi 

ee crapwero cwna m ao^b Maiiio y cecTpw - n3BecTH0ii 
6anepnHw CynaMwcpb Meccepep nn« 6paia - Acatpa 
Meccepep. 

B ymy 6apa«a THxoHbKO ujenTanHCb Meway co6om 
aceHbi BenopyccKHx noaroB - Benep, AcTaneHKO. Tay6n- 
Ha HanpoTHB mto«to 6A3ana caMoaenbHbtM kphdijkom 
Jlnanf TycTaBOBHa Barpntittan, wena noaia EarpHuxoro. 
riocne ero cMepm oHa btopmmho Bwiuna saMyw. ho see 
paBHO nonymina BoceMb neT narepew no coceactBy 
newana Onn HyKyncKan. 0h3 6wna yanBHTenbHO xopo- 
iua co6oh. PocKOiuHwe pyewe Bonocw, HeSpewHo san- 
neTeHHwe a xocy, aMeert CTpywnMCb no ee crmHe ttnn 
TswenwM BeHKOM 0XBaTbiB3nn ronoBy. Ee cepwe, psc- 
nsxHyrwe ma3a apy6eneBCKoro Cepa0nMa HHKoraa He 
nnai<ann Ona paarnnawBana cBoe nwqo b tcmhom dkoh- 
hom CTexne m see noBtopfrna: 

- Tonbxo 6w He noaypHeTb. 3 cnecy see. mhb Bee no 
cwnaM, numb 6w ne noaypwerb, numb 6w oh weHn He 
pasraoGwi. 

Ee sepa b cxopyio BcrpeMy c MyweM 6wna nopasw- 
Te/tbna. yaHBHTenbna 6wna ncropnn ee nto6Bn OaMaw- 
aw MyxyHCKMfi - nam eoeHHO-MopcKow anaiue b AHrnnvi 
h 1/lrannn - 6yay^n a MocKBe. exan na aneKTpwHxe k 
CBoeMy apyry PnaoM c hum oxa3anacb MonoHHiiua c 
SnaoHOM M3-noa MonoKa Ee xpacoTa nopa3nna. Oh 
3aroBOpnn c Heii h k npwHTe™ He nonan - coiuen Ha ee 
crannim Mepes Hecxonbxo anew wenvincfl h yBea b 
MTann»o C/iyu/afl ee paccxasw 06 l4Tannw, awnnoMarvi- 
necKMx npKeMax, o6eaax, mw noHMManw, hto ne oflHa ee 
Kpacoia nneHUJia annnoMaTa. HecMorpB Ha Heo6pa3o- 
BBHHOCTb h xonxosHoe Bocni/rraHMe. Onn yaitBnRna cbo- 
hm npiipoaHwM raxTOM. BpoxaeHHOw nHTennnreHTHoc- 
Tbro. OHa 6wna yMHa, tohko noaMe^ana ece. hto ee 
oKpywano. o6naaana MMnwM kjmopom h Own a 3aMeHa- 
TenbHovi pacCK33Hnueii 

Ho 6wnn h xypbeawwe mctophm rioapyx<Mnncb ase 
npocTOBaTwe T6TKH. Myw oanott 6wn cnecapew a apyrort 

- Luocpepow 

- Cmotpm, flycti, - roBopwna oahs ceoeii noapyre. 

- b Kaxoe oSmecTBO Mbi c To6o»i nonanw Boh Ta - 



,. v . | : .... ... 



4 



KA3AXCTAHCKHH AJIIHP 



MapbBCMHa. y nee t*ym anpenTopoM Sanna 6wn, Tax 
eecb 6awK m xanaHyn. A y 3toh, - OHa noKSSbmsna Ha 
CepefipoBCKyto, - My* sonoTwe nprntCKM aMepuKaHuaM 
npoaan. 

CepeSpOBCKMH 6bin bwahwh ropHbm WH*eHep h 
paooran b BaKy. B ABaauaTbix roAax ero npnrnacnn« a 
KpeMnb m 0TnpaBnnn a AMepmty wsywaTb MeTOAti ao6w- 
4H jo/iora Ha Ajiflote. Ilo sosBpamewHH b Poccmkj oh 6bin 
Ha3Ha4eH rnaBHbiM MHmenepOM eceii 3onoTOAo6biB3io- 
mew npoMbnunewHOCTM CCCP Cpean «3n*npoK» Ma- 
jieMbKas Cepe6poBCK3s awflennnacb cBQen Hapy*Ho- 
CTfcio Ha new 6btna sneraHTHsa wySKa c BennKonenHOfl 
HepH05ypoft nwcofi , Ha ronoBe pBaHaaco/iflarcKaR yujaH- 
Ka. a Ha Horax HenoMepHo6onbiuMe 6pe3eHroBbie 6yTcw 
«a aepeaBHHOH noaoiuBe. ^To6bi yaepmaTb hx Ha Horax, 
en npuxoflviflocb xoflKTb k3k 6m Ha nw>tcax. wapxaa 
noaowBaMM no aewne Bbina b narepe h cetcpeTapb 
CepeSpoacKoro - >KyMKo Htina. 

Hcropnfo Cepe6pOBCKoro TeiKM MHTepnpempoBa- 
nH no-caoewy. Ho He MeHee yanBureJibHOii 6wna hctq- 
pwH oahow kis hhx. Korfla nocneflByx ner nonHow waonn- 
U«m a narepe 6bina paspeinena nepenwata. cnecapb- 
BOflonpoBOflMMK Hanncan wene. hto apecToaanw era no 
own6Ke BMecTo oflno(paMnributa *nBujero c hhmh b 
oflHOM flOMe, hto ero ywe foa tan ocboooawjih. ho oh He 
3Haet. k3k Bb(CBo6oAMTb cBoio jxeHy H3 narepa. Tax, My* 
no-npewneMy pa60Tan b AOMOynpaBneHHM h *nn b 
MocKee, a wena oTSbtaana 5 neT narepefi Kate HneH 

CeMbU M3MeHHHKa Poahhw 

B 1937-38 roAax, Koraa no6onbmoMy nnaHy Cra/m- 
Ha apecTOBa/iM MnnnnoHbJ. wornn cnywsTbcn Taxne yA«- 
BirrenbHbie mctopmm. 

Bee wbi noHMManM. hto apectOBaHbi no Hbevi-To 
anoii aone. hto My*bn Haww, ran we, ksk h mm. hm b neM 
He noBHHHbt. lloTOMy Mewjiy naMM uapuna 
Ao6po>KenaTeribHocTb m Apy*6a. Ho cpeflH nac 6bmn m 
Ta«ne. KOTOpwe CMHTanw Hac h Mymevi hbujhx npeCTyrtHM- 
ksmw. a cegn JKeprsaMM HeAOpaayMeHMtt. Eme b sTane 
c h3mh exana cyrySo napTHMHas MAeiiHaa axTMBMCTKa 9\ 
ne noMHto ee <paMnnwn vt He 3h3k>, tceM 6un ee iwyw. 3a 
WToporo OHa rtonynnna eoceMb neT Ohs cTopoHtuiacb 
Bcex Hac m He cKpwsana cbosh ysepeHHOCTM, hto ona 
eAHHCTBeHHan HeBHHHan weprBa cpeAw npecrynHMKOB 
Mw He nbrranMCb ee paay6eAMTb n c npe3peHneM wrHo- 
pnpoBann 3Ty KOMMyHMCTtcy c MoaraMM TpornoAHTKH. 

MHe 6bina cuMnanmna wena cexpeTapji 14K komco- 
Mona y«panHb) (want. 3a6wna ee cpaMwniw) Ho roAaM 
poBecHMqa Mne. ana 6wna rnnnHHbiM KOMCOMonbCKviM 
paooTHMKOM. 3HeprnMHafi, HenoqaeACTBewHaa. SoeBan 
KowcoMonKa TpwAnaTbix toaob, Be3brCKyccTBeHHan w 
neMHoro ymoBaTaa, OHa roBopuna na spkom yKpainHC- 
kom AHaneirre. YsnaB, hto r Hwraraa He 6wna b komco- 
Mone, HeowHAanHO OAo6pnna: 

- Hy m flo6pa. y TKjpMS h 6oraTo noSamina, Tene- 
pima y cepAUe He ts- ona nnxo BCTpaxHBana ronoBoti c 

KOpOTKO OCTptWKeHHblMM BOOOCaMH H CMnbHbIM TOnO- 

com saneBSna: 

«Hxanu K33aKn m aouy ao floHy. 3aMannnbi 
Xanio, 3a6panw s co6oio» 

3Ta yAa/iaa neenn Heo>KHAaHHo o6opaHHBanacb 
wyTKoii ApaMoS: 

«npMBe3anbi Xanm ao cochw kocbmh, riMAna- 
nHnw cocHy oa ropn ao HH3y. » - a 6ectua6atuHbiM 
npiineB CTpaHHo saKaH^Hsancn ckopSho nnanymuM 
«Ma. a... a.. a...» 



- A 3Ta 3a6opena (aanpeiyewa). - A°BepnTenbHo 
noBepsna ohb MHe,- cnMBanH ee yKpanHuibi-SMwrpaH- 
Tbi. riocnyxaii. Kax rapHo' \A npoHUKHOBeHHo nena: 

Myeujb, 6pare muh. TOBapmyy mum. BbineTatot 

CpwBHbiM LunypOM »cypaBnn b bmpm. 

Hyrw Kpy-Kpy-xpy, HywweHM yMpy, 

floKH Mop3 nepanany, KpwnbtHbKa smpy... 

KpbinbtHbKa aa aa aa 3nTpy 

Bn«3«e k secne no 6apai<aM nouuin co crmcKaMM. 
BwRBiinnn Hy^Hbtx narepio cneunanMCTOB - crpoMTe- 
new. cMemnKOB. arpoHOMoe. Bpa^eM. 

Tax §bino ccpopMHpoBawo nauje KOHcrpytrro petto e 
5iopo «LUapaujKa», TaK a. no narepHotf TepMHHonornn, 
crana pa6oT3Tb «np*iAyp»tOM». 

MToObi BBecTM Hac b Kypc npeACTonmew pa60Tbi, us 
flonHHKH (ueHTpanbHoro nyHXTa Kapnara) npnexan hh- 
JKenep ©HpcoB A. n. roBopnnn, oh HMen 10 neT, npoxo- 
nwn no aeny «r)poMnapTMM». Hoa sto «aeno» 6bmn 
apecroBaHbi. paccTpen«Hbi h cocnaHbi Tbtcsmi cTapwx 
MHwenepOB Bee ohm o6BHHnnncb bo apeAHTenbCTBe, 
HmBbie HenonaAttn m aeapnw Ha fipowaBOACTBe, nacTo 
6a3MpytomeMcn Ha M3HoiueHHOM, cTapoM, flopeBonto- 
umohhom ooopyaoeaHMM m o6cnyjKHBa9iueMcs Mano- 
KBann0nunpOBaHHbtMn pa6o*4MMw, - Bee Torfla npwnn- 
Cbtaa/iM BpeaHTenbCTBy w ca*ann, cawanw 

fl CMOTpena Ha sToro no)«Mnoro AennnaTHoro hh- 
weHepa-HHrennMreHTa, scnoMHHana apecTOBaHHbix na- 
nnHbtx Apysew - CxoxoBa Huxudpopa AHy^pwesma. l"lo- 
xpoBCKoro Hvina AneKcaHAPOBMMa h BnepBwe 6naro- 
cnoBnnna cyAb6y, mto OTeu. CTapwii MHwenep. yMep ao 
3thx MaccoBbix apecroe 

HayanbHHuefi Haujero KOHCTpyKTopCKoro 6iopo 
6btna nasHaneHa AManun TeopmeBHa MmoannH-Ke- 
4eK. My* ee 6btn KpynnbiM pyxoaoAMTeneM He0T«HHKOB 
BaKy. a caeKOp - npocpeccop-BpaM. nMeneM KOToporo 
HasBaHa OAHa «3 6oribHHL4 EpeBaHa H3 BaKy 6bma 
Taiy*te cMeTMMua CwMa CeMyuuxMHa, v\3 Knees - EareHHn 
TkixOHOBHa KocTeuKSfl. W3 Mockbw - Ta/iMna AneKcan- 
flpoBHa CeMeHOBa, mo« 3TanH3fl coceAKa apxHTeKTop 
Jlioga HnpocnaBCKan, y^eHnua SHaMeHMToro >KenTOBc- 
Koro. m Aae cryaeHTKH cTapiunx xypcoe - Hvina rpwropb- 
eBna MnxaiineHKo m d- HauieMy MsneHbKOMy 6wpo npea- 
CTonrto aanpoerrwposaTb Ann nareps luseiiHyio (pa6pn- 
xy, KmpnHHKbtki 33B0fl. sneiopocTaHuwio. KOTenbHyw. 
5sh to. cronoBy 10 c xyxneii w KMHoreaTp Ann ao/ibHOHseM- 
hux BHe 30Hbi narepR 

BecHOii y»;e Bea> «An>Knp» paSoTan. no cpaeHe- 
hhk) c ApyrnMH MHe noBesno fl cnAena sa nepTewnoii 
floexoM b ManeHbKOM caMannOM aommkc HaA naMM «e 
CTOfinn KOHBDMpw, He pbiH3nn co6axn. Tstweno npMxo- 
annocb weniuMHaM c ryMSH^TapHbiM. MysbiKanbHbtM h 
apyrHM HeHywHWM narepw o6pa30BaHweM Ohh Mecunw 
ronbtMM HoraMH rnHHy c conoMOH, H36nBann stoh cwpoii 
Maccoii AepeBSHHwe 0opMbi, HaApbieascb, Tamwnn hx 
a BbfTpRxnsann cbipbie caMaHw Ha nnowaAxy Ann npo- 
cyoiKH 

Ms noAcyiueHHux caMaHOB Apywe xb»u\vmh - K3- 
MeHujHKM - unanw ctbhw, HHxaKoti MexawnsauHM He 
6brno CnaSwe wenmWHbJ no 12-14 nacoB b AeHb Tactca- 
.nn ABaAuaTHKkinorpaMMoebie caMaHbi. noaHHManti hx 
wa noAMOCTKW. yunaAbisann b cTenbi. flpyrwe wenmnHbi 
paDOTann 3 none. Cawa/in, nononn, y6npanM. ConHLie 
CTenHoro KasaxcTana SeswanocTHo. ByiiHbie aeTpbi xne- 
myT a nwuo netNanoM nwnbio, o6flnpan K0*y ao kpobm. 



wwurtacng 



4 Cypbl CTDJ1ETHH 







3a6poujBHH09 joawi/e r/iaenoao ynpaanemm KAPfiAra 



Kopudop CnaeHoso yopa«/je«y» KAPfiAra 



flo R38 l/ta Ma/iocunbHwx. SonbHbix h CTapbix 6wn 
opraHH3osaH BuuiMBanbHbiM uex no pHCyHKaw xy/jow- 
HMLiw KceHMH LUyxo. poflCTBeHHMUbt HSBecTHoro apxn- 
TexTopa. c paKHero yrpa ao nosAnero se^epa, repan 
3peHHe, BwtunsanM «anwwpnn» TOHviawtuwe xynoHbt 6ny- 
30k. yKpaMHCKnx coponeK. pocKouJHwe CKaTepTM, can- 

CpSTKM. 

Msae/iiin uinn e MocKsy una SKcnopr rioTOMy nocne 
eoi^Hbi n eme Aonro BCrpenana a xyaoxecTaeHHbix 
canonax Mockbh n3Aennn, sbinonneHHwe no 3HaKO- 
Mbiw pHcyHxaM 26 tohkm Kapnara 

MentKanw ahh. neienii ho^h, to xonoaHwe sumo*. 
TOAyiuHbieoTKasaxcTaHCKorocyxoaen neTOM. Bca Haiua 
*n3Hb cnnBanacb b 6ecnpocaeTHbiii. thwkmw, cepbiii 
AeHb yrpoM nepea 6apaxoM o6man nepeKnuwxa. no- 
tom b cTonoBOM nonoBHHK jKwflKOM k3ujh. nocne aaBTpa- 
Ka pa6ora. Ha ymnn - ia we nepnoean Kauia-pa3Ma3Hn 
6ea npn3HaKoa *npa. n chobb paBoTa no 12-14 nacoe 

B CyTKH 663 BblXOAHblX 

TaK, CnOBHO OflMM fleMb. THHynHCb MeCflUW, TOflbl. 

Ho 4eM MOHOTOHHee, napLUHBee wn3Hb, reM UBerncTeti 
HacbimeHHew chw - ace cnacrnMBO npowMToe BcnnwBa- 

nOBM03ry,yCTaBUjeMOTMOHOTOHHOCTH.OTTOCKM CHaMM 

mw wwnw flneM BcnoMWHann m paccK33b)Bann nx, wnnii 
wenaHHofi Bonert. nycrrb He HacroBiuefl, nycTb npn3pa<4- 
Hofl, ho Bonew. 

Be<-iepoM b 6apane b npoxoae Meway HapaMM mm- 
rana Tycicnan nawnoMKa Hn khhc hm paano, hh nuceM. 

HM npaaflHHKOB HH BblXOAHblX 

npaBfla, 1 Man m 7 Honfipn oTMBHanwcb B sth ahh 
Hac 3annpann b 6apaxax, He paspeiuan aawe xoawTb no 



30 ne 3th ahm npa3AHOsan kohbom. H ace we nocne 
paSoTbi Besep own Haw BopoTa narepa aannpanwcb. 
Oxpana Maam-ina numb wa swuwcax. otctosihwx aoBont- 
ho flaneno 

MbiownnoAHH. hb nonyTewHowSapaKe Ha^HHanca 
nmepaTypHMM Be^iep. ycTanwe. MJMOTaHHbie TRwenow 
pa6oTOH. «anwHpKn» paawetuanncb na napax soxpyr 
paccKaammbi h sawn pa oh 

B AKrniiM ecrb TeaTp oflHoro axTepa - re«pn Ba- 
nenc. nopasMtenbHbiK aiaep oahh cnocodeH saHMMaib 
3pnTene« b TeqeHne qenoro cneicraKnfl B watueM 6apa- 
Ke Sbina TaKan atopuca. fla h atnpnco^ ohb ho 6wna. 
ho KawAbiii Benep Mb) npiicyTCTBOBanw b TeaTpe oahoto 
axTepa, OnaMHTana hbm «rpa<J)a Mohtb-Kpmcto^, «AnHy 
KapeHHHyw, "Koponeey Mapro». TeHpM BaneHC nepefl 
cneirraKneM Mor nonbaossTbcn KHwraMH sapanee pa- 
aynviTb TeKCT, orpeneT«pOBaTb ero B narepe He 6bino 
KHMr. Haiua aKTpKca MMTana ace no naM^TM 3a Benep 
OHa npOMMTbiBana OAKy rnaay, n Mbi moahoA Aywoft 
wAanw cneAyioiyMM Benep. cneAywmyio maBy. PowaHw 
6binn sceM 3HaK0Mb). MuTaHbi Korfla-To m nepe^wTaHw. 

H BCe we HWKTO M3 H3C He MOr 33MeTVITb HH OAHOfl 
HetOHHOCTH. 

Bbina y Hac vi My3bma. flnpn»ep JleHHHrpaACKOH 
oneperrbi MapttaHHa Jlep co6pana us «anwnp0K» npe- 
xpacHbiii xop. B ero penepryape 6binn UjTpayc. Jlerap, 
O0cpeH6ax m Ma^xoBCKHM. ApMM ws onep h pyccKMe 
pOMaHCbi. «a-Kanenna» nena np^wa XapbKOBCxoii one- 
pbi One^HHKOBa 

BaaoMKa BarpMna - nepean npwHtiecca TypanAOT 
TeaTpa BaxTaHroea - 4HTana «PycCKne weHinHHbin. 



-KAPTA- H>*3~t4 zm 



4 



KA3AXCTAHGKHI AJ1JKHP 



91 



rtoaMa BbObtBana CMex. cronb paanTentwo otjih- 
^a/iacb y^acTb wen aexaepwcTOB or cyfleG 8 twcbh xeH 
Haiuera «AnwMpa» 

Uiecmb nowaded e 8030k enpxznu, 

Q>onapb anympu eao aaare/ru 

- Kon6ac, neMeHbn npwnacjiM, - noapwcJjMOBbiBa- 

HV\ MU. 

Csm zpa& nodyuiKu nonpaanm. 
MedeBMbio uiKypy a noau xnan... 
-A He nofl Hapw sanwxa/i ... 
W Cbtnnei.) medpoio pyxou 
'-tepsoHUbi venndu hmckou 

- Xopoui kohbom! MaM 6w TasoM 

Mw CMenjiMCb. A noayuje hbm Bbtnw cthxm noarec- 
cw Cocpbw Conynoaow, wanncaHHwe b naweM narepe 
Hado mhqu pacKaneHHbiu luamep KasaxcmaHa, 
6ecKoneman cmenb nponwnynacb adanu. 
Ho xyda hu noudy b - meo* we sacmany. 
PaccK32amb o me6e He xomum xoabinu 
Bbipbteato HacaMu dypbnn u ocoxy, 
L lmo6bi Konoc nujeHuuu Hairuncn sbphom. 
OSnaxa nponntieaiom dopoaou uiuponoio. 
TonbKO hbm ynememb ne npudemcn edeoeM 
ToiibKo wa/w mou xopowuu. dopoeu jaKaasMW. 
Hame eentep. u mom »e npunocum noKOU- 
R udy no cmenu 6e3 medst. cuneanasbiu mou. 
KpenKo cepdue cxuMan aopsmeu pyxou. 
rtoarecca tfMTana Tocxy w 6onb Haomx cepAeq: 
R udy no cmenu. Konocumcn nwenuua. 
SenoKpbinaa vauica xyda-mo cnewum, 
Mbi c moSoio omHhiHe 6ecKpbtnbie nmuubi. 
A nmenna danexo yuecnu a k3mwu/u 
C/iyuiann w nnaxariM Bbtno 6onbM0 w ^ytb oTpafl- 
ho. mto bot 3to o h3c m 3to He nponaAeT. 



Pyxonncn He ropirr... 

H eme y Hac 6wn ronofl. Oh Bceraa 6wn c Haww. 
Rama nepHOro xne6a, nepnax 6anaHflbi, npwMepno 
naiiHafl nawKa Kawn-pa3Ma3Hn - bot He»«MeHHae 
Hauje OHTaHMe. us Mecniia s Mecim. HesaBUCWMo ot 
BpeMeHw roaa 

HyBCTBo ronoaa HKxorAa He ocraanfliio. OpraHMSM 
wsMbiBan, npoenn 6erwoB, wttpOB. BHTaMUHOB. Paarosop 
o e^e 6bin 3anpemeH, n ace xe napeflKa cpbiBanoct: 

- Tocnoaw' KaKHe mw 6wdm rjiynwe - roTOBHnu 
o6eaw. nexjiM nwporn, crpsna/in 3aMwcnosaTbie 6nio- 
fla. K neMy? Mto /lyviuie 6yTep6pofla c MacnoM. nyKOM, 

HeCHOKOM! 

Ot 3t>ix cnOB wenyflOK CBOAnna cyaopora. 

- Hy, xbbtwt! - BOSMymancfl KTo-Hw6yflb. m c/iob 
oonbtue He Sbino, ho mncjih Me ocraenHriH. w rojrofl 
Tepaan CKHbHeA. 

Pa3 b Mecnq 6w/i napen. y xoro ot TiopbMbt ocTa- 
/mcb fleHbm, Te Mornn Ha 10 p KyfWTb MecnoK nnn ny«. 
neaewubi mjim npnMHKw. KaKne ohh 6fainn BocxHTHTenb- 
Hwe, 3TMfiarepHwenpflHtiKM -cepbie, MyMHMcrwe, cnaa- 
KMe, Ka3anocb, a MMpeneT HMMero 6o^ee BKycHoro J1 
flo cmx nop nioSnio npHHHxw. xotw, KOHe^HO, He cwnTaio 

HX CTOflb COSepUieHHbtMH, KBK TOf^a 

ripotnen rofl crpororo pewMMa - 6e3 nwceM. 6ea 
nocbinoK. 6e3xaKnx-nn6o w3BecTiiti o so/ie. M BflpytBecb 
narepb B3BOiiHOBano Heo6bi4Hoe co6biTne OflHa M3 
«anmnpoK» nonyvmia nwcbMO. HacTonutee nwcbMo c 
MapKoii h noMTOBWM ufreMne/ieM , Ha KOHBepTeAeTcxHM 
noMepKOM 6btno HanMcano «ropoa Akmotwhck. Twpb- 
Ma Ann MaM», BocbMnneTHflfl Aeso^Ka nMcana. hto 
nocne apecra nanw h waMw ee tomb apecTosann n 
nocaAwnw b AeTcxHft fiOM OHa cnpauiHBana, KorAa Bep- 




92 



4 Cyjlbbbl CTOflETM 







Msmuh8 tpomoKapmovxa u ee nodapox v3 naeepft 



Heicn msm3 14 KOffla B03bMeT ee k ce6e )Kanoeanacb, 

hto b ASTflOMe ei?t nnoxo, oh a oneHb csynaeT h Hacro 
Mianer. 

KaK yaanocb stom KpotiJKe ysnaTb. rae ee uaua, m 
nanncaTb nucbMO'? Bcwmowho. KaKOM-HM6yflb SHuaae- 
AeujHMK &bin c aoSpbiM cepaueM Hame oho 6wno y hmx 
caAHCTCKM itcecTOKo. Ana tskhx 6onee xapaicrepHa mcto- 
pMs BepOHKH «|>aMM/inM ne awaio). Koraa npnLu/in ape- 
CTOBbisaTb. nRTHneTHHM cbinwiiiKa yqennncn sa Hee Em 
npnK33ann coSpaTb cboh u Aerobe eemM. YBepeHHan. 
hto mx He paanyMaT, BeponKa co6pana Aea ^eMoaana B 
oahom H3 Hnx6binn ee aeuin aapyroM seujw pe6eH«a Ha 
JTySaHxe etf o6fcflBnnn. hto Manb4WK 6yaeT oinpaBneH a 
cneunpneMHHK Pe&eHox yxeamncn sa uueto Maiepn h 
KpuMan hto HWKyaa 6e3 Hee He noeaeT Mx nbuanwcb 
pacrraiUMTb. ho Secnone3Ho. Toraa npwMenwnn, ncribi- 
TaHHwii cnoco6 - era/in 6nTb peBOnbBepoM no noianM. 
06e3yMeBiunx ot ropn \a 6onn Maib m cwHa STonKHynn b 
pa3Hbie KaMepbi. noTOM OKa3anocb, mto mx HeuOAanu 
nepenyTariH V BepoMKw OKasanncb aeTCKue BeutM h 
MrpyuiKM. a c ManbHUKOM OTnpaBnnn nnarbs MarepM. 

Koraa nepea ABa roaa Gbina paspewena nepenno 
xa, BepoMna nonyMwna n3BeiueHne. mto ee Mam>HMK 
yMep. HecMacTHan He nepeHec/ia yaapa. PaccyAOK ee 
noMyrnncq TnxoHbKo cwiena oh3 Ha H3pax, nepe6npa- 
na aeTCKMe py6atiiOHKM, urraHMWKM w pa3roBapnsana c 
humh, ksk c jkhbwm pe6eHKOM. 

B narepe ownn h Aem ApecroBbiBanvi oepeueH- 
Hbix *eHinwH, fleTM poAMriHCb ywe saecb Mx noMecTwnM 
b OTAenbHOM aomhkb npn hux 6binu Bpas v, HSHbKa H3 
saKncMeHHbix MsTepM wnn OTflenbHo a 6apaKax n 
xoawim KcpMHTb. Cbohx waribiiueii 

BbinM AeTM h y BHenpoeonoHHbix. OAHaxyibi koddh- 
h3 36KOB iuna b none mhmo mx aomhkob Ms ABopa 
BwcKOMwn Manb4HujK3 neT na™ m dan KHAaTb b weHiyMH 
naMHAMH. npuroBapnaaa «Bot bsm. coSaKM. sot B3M 
co6aftM*» OflHa b ko/iohh6 ne BbiAepwana n o6paTnnacb 
k HeMy: 

- ManbHwx, KaKMe me mw co6aKM? Tbi BKp,vt[Ub, Mbi 
ntoAM, a coSaKM boh 6eryT na neTwpex Horax, 

ManbHMiuKa BHa^ajne oneiunn. ho noTOM Haiuencn: 

- A TaK aac nana HasbiBaeT. 



BenepaMH ntoonna a 3a6eraTb e Ky3H«uy k Mame 
Kyp^eacKOH B ropne eme «pacHenn yronbKM, nax/io 
oKanMHOM h MaiunHHbiM MacnoM B buuhksx nepHe/iH 

3arOTQBKM, H3 HSKOBanbHe ropOMflMCb MOnOTKH 14 K/te- 
IUH. 

Mama pafioiana n *«na b Ky3Htme. B yroriKe CTOsnn 
ee Torwan, CTonm m Ta6ypeT. Bee sto caenana owa caiwa 
Buna ona b narepe KysKeqOM. cnecapeM, MexaHHKOM 
CMyrnaq cpeflHero pocTa, c Hen3MeHHoti KaaApatHofi 
MenKoS. Maoia ace yMena, >Kn3Hb c Heo6biKHoeeHHbiM 
nenoaeKOM. neyeMHbiM cwe/ibiM cpaHTacTou - nso5pe- 
TaTeneM h 3ncnepnMeHT3TopoM - HsynMna ee aceM 

3THM H6)KeHCKMM npocfeeccMRM 

JleoHMA BacMJiiseBHM KypMeacKHM 6bin «3 Tex cawo- 
poAKOB. K3KMX BpeMB ot BpeMenn AapHT pyccKafl npMpo- 
aa B ABaAMaTbie roAbi pa3pyxM oh yBneKca 3Btomo6h- 
nn3MOM CoSpaHHbie mm aBTOMauJMHbi yauBnann cue- 
nocTbro (paHTacTMKH. To/rna ma3ena Ha Heo6bMHoe 
spenwine, KorAa oh npoHOCH/icn Ha caoeM aeT0Mo6nne 
noTMXHMyrojiKaMnepencnaBna-SaneccKoro. HocaMOii 
CMHbHOM CTpaCTbio KypMeBCKoro 6bino opy>KMe 3aaa- 
jibiM oxothhk. oh coopan yHMxanbHyw Kon/iexuHK) py- 
wefi Ohh-to m noaiy*nnn iipm^mhom nepaoro ero ape- 
era H CCblflKM B COilOBKH 

B aeaauaTbie roabi ycnoBMa npe6biBaHMa e Cono- 
BeuKOM TKipbMe ocTaBa/iMCb e npeAenax qapcKoro Bpe- 
MeHM, to ecrb 6binM cpaBHMTeribHO JiMSepanbHw. Kyp- 
HeBCKHii 6wn raw TexHMnecKMM pyKoeoAMTeneM, 3aB 
MacTepCKMUM m aneKTpocraHuneM Maiua noexana 33 
MyweM. TyT-To oh h HayMMn ee npocpeccMHM tuocpepa. 
uexaHMKa. cnecapa. Ky3Heua 

B Conoexax KypHeacxMW npoAon*an n3o6peTaTb. 
Mm 6bmw CKOHCrpynpOBaHw BeaAexoA rnnccepHoro Tuna 
m aapocaHM. 




OemcKoe nazepHoe xnad6utMe e noc Uonum<a. 



KAPTA' N9 43~44 20O5 



4 KA3AXCTAKCKHM AIDKHP 



S3 




flemcxue Moaunt>i na naaepucM tviadGume 



www kptfcorg 



94 



4 CWI CTDJIETNfl 



B MocKBy su3san ero OpA*OHMKHA3e m HasHamin 
reHepa/ibHbiM KOHCTpyKTopOM BoeHHoro cnen33BOAa m 
ynonnoMOMeHHbiM HapKOMTRxcnpoMa no eoopyweHKio 
riofl ero pyKOBOACTBOM aenncb paSoTw hba AHHaMope- 

aKTHBHbfMW OpyA^flMM. Oh fibin 3BT0p0M 6e30TKaTHOH 

nyujKM McnbiraHMtf ee ycnewno npownw a 1936 r , ho b 
1937 r nocne apecTa KypMeBcxoro o weii 3a6wnn. Jlntub 
b 1950 r o6e30TKa™oii nyujKe CBOcroproM saroBopunw, 

HO. yflbl. K3K BblCOKOM AOCTMJKeHMH aMepWIOHUeB B 

aenai_inn Ha BOWHe b Kopee 

8 1941 r oKypMeBCKOMBcnoMHHDM, KaK acnoMHnnn 
o TynoneBe. Koponeae, Pokoccobckom, MepeuxoBe m 
Apyrvix. 

B cneunarepe («iuapaujKen) KypneecKMK paSoTan 
na& coaziaHMeM «KanoLij». ho nocne Hanaflxw tix cepvw- 
Horo Bbinycxa KypneBcxoro « mhocwx apyrwx paccTpenw- 
nw Bee sto wtom paccnasa/i Ma we oamh cOTpyAHKK 
«iuap3ujKM» . BepHyBWHHCH b MocKay nocne cmbpth Cra- 
nuna. 

Ha oroHeK a Ky3Hnue co6npanncb y Matun weHbi 
BoeHHwx. Mon coceflKa KnaBOMxa Poswhko. wym koto- 
doh 6 bin jawecTHTeneM na^anbHMKa TnaBHOro apTunne- 
puiiCKoro ynpaeneHufi wens HananbHHxa PnaBHoro ao- 
TwnnepuMCKoro ynpaBnemifi EcpwMOaa. cecrpa Tyxanee- 
CKoro ilunn paSoTaBwaa noAaBanbLumaeH b namei\ ctq- 
noeoM 

AnwHpKM! Cecrpw moh. HKBfl HapeMeHHwe, acTaiOT 
b naMflm aaujn nnua, Hwena. Bor nama Hana/ibHHua - 
MyxenoAOOHan, cepanTafl Mapanynuc 

/liofla 3onoTOBa - maBMbiii HHweHep cTpomenb- 
cTBa. 06aflTenbHa«, 3HeprMMHan. Becenan, OHa ctpcmh- 
TenbHO BSeraeT b Ha we KOHcrpyKTopcKoe 6»opo h kpwmkt 

-4eBaxn, Munwe. BbipynaiiTe! Haao noun stnactb, a 
Kaxwe ne^HMKM M3 mohx HHTennexryanoK? 



H r ca>«ycb BbinepHHBaTb fiopftAOBKn neneii. rae 
pasMenaio xawabin K«pnnHMN KnaAKH Kawaoe Abiuo- 
Boe OTBepCTwe \A KnaayT nenn HHTennnreHTKH, aa ewe 
k3k naAHo 1 

Ha cTpoiiKe pa6oTaeT 3anopo>KeLi Bepa - BTOpas 
x.e»a 3anopo>Kua. 3aMecTvrrenn HananbHHKa HKB,Q Jle- 
HHHrpaaa. M3BecTHoro b C8H3M c yfiwwcTBOM Knposa 
Bepa oMeHb Kpacnaa, ocTpoyivtHa, HaxoaMMaa. OHa Bce- 
rAa uto- to npHAyMbtsaei. 3apa3nna ecex ycTHOw nrpotf 
a uiapaAbi 3aecb we n nepean wen a 3anopowua - 
npocKypaxoBa Po3a. y Hee b JlenMHrpaAe ocranvicb 
aBoeaereM 

B SonbHKqe. KyAa a saSeraio HaBecTWTb mok> nonyr- 
HHL(y b axane TonoBMHy Eneny JleoHKAOBHy, weHy Ha- 
4anbHWKarnaBKaHKnC,BpaMOMpa6oTaeTrapMHannAa. 
Ohb wena annnoMaia. Enena JleoHKAOBHa onenb 6onb- 
Ha. y nee 6a3eaoBa 6one3Hb - rnasa awne3aiOT us 
op6nT, nynbccyMaciuefliiJHM.TeMfiepaTypa BeenanaTe 
saawxaeTCH ot cepAeMHoii HeAOcraTOHHOc™ mem EHy- 
KMA3e. yxawMBaer 3a MarepbK) Ma/ieHbKan HwHa. eiye 
cOBceM peSeHOK. Her. hto6w nocnaTb c Maiepbro crap- 
Luyto flomcy. tsk nocnann ManeHbxyto, cnaSenbKyio ne- 
TwpHaauaTMneTHioraaeBHOHKy, Eeace JKaneiOT, oco6eH- 
ho Meacecrpa 6onbHnubi PaxHnb Ocunoaa - jtceHa xpyn- 
Horo pa6oTHWKa HKBfl rpy3MM rtoTOM MaTb m AOHb 
EwyKHAse yMpyr b narepe. 

B BbininaanbHOM qexe r^e rnaBnas xyaowHuqa - 
mom flpyr KceHHn LUyxo. cocpeAOToneHHan TwuinHa. 
3 paccMarpHBaio pi/icyHKM xyAO>KHHL|bi HaTamM H3eap 

HananbHMK BbtiuneanbHoro nexa - JlerKan HaAew- 
aa CeMeHOBHa Em hsbcctho Bee pa3noo6pa3ne buluh- 
BaribHoro ncKyccTsa. 

Bpuraaup no 6enbeeoft maan Mnnoananafl Tohh 
RpocpenxMHa. OHa poaom H3 Mecrepbi. sxeHa komco- 




KnadCuwo AJ7X(WPa Cu«#o/tuvecxue MycytibuaHCKoe u xpucmuaHCxoe Hadepodux 



■KAPTA' HI 43-44 20OS 






4 



KA3AXCTAKDKHH AJDKHP 



95 



MonbCKOfo pa6oTHMKa. 3qecb >KypaBneaa Maprapma, 
• Hynn MaptiaHna. 

B ctojiobom Ha xyxne KaHxapeaa Maiua, nepBbiM 
uyrn KOTopow 6wn apxirreKTop Ana6sH B xne5ope3Ke h 
sacuaTpMaaiocb Ha Kpacasmjy /ltocto /103n«cKyio. rony- 
6orna3yto 6pK>HeTxy c ToncroM xocow, o6epHyTOM BOKpyr 
ronoBU. 

Ha crponTenbCTBe pa6oraioT AtuyKMHa Kara, LUen- 
jepoaa Bann. Ky3bMi*Ha Oxcana. MHOro anaanjas h 
xopoiuo MUTaatuas ctmxh Onewb xpacnaao Oaaeeaa rann. 
HKOBneBa Tomw. MOCKBfWKa, xena pa60THnxa HKftC. 
rpy3MHKM 3onMeTepc Tocmko m OpaxenawBMnw KereaaH 

- flOMb 3aM npeaceflaTenn CoBHapxoMa rpyann h wens 
xoMno3HTopa MHKunaflse 

(Iomhio Kwpy AHAP0HHxawBwnn - jxeHy nncaT6ns 
rinnbHBKa - cecrpy waaecmoM KunoaxTpvicbt Haibt Ban- 
Haase, Jlto6y Ba6Mm<yK>. nepBbiii My* kotopoh 6wn khho- 
onepaiop ronoBHs, a BTopoPi - HananbHMK Moc0nribMa. 

TpwtpoKOBy - M3Tb nucaTenn (Opnn TptitpoHOBa. 
BecHKK >Kemo - MaTt axrepa BeCHMxa GonrwHKK 3«Hy 

- crrapocTy 6apaxa HnbMHCKyio 3oto - xteHy aacTpe- 
nMBiuerocR eeKpeTapa MoexoBcxoro ropKOMa komcomo- 
na KyapsiBueay OanHy ASpawoBHy - *eHy npeaceaaTe- 
nf« 3aKaBKaacKoro xpafiKOMa napmn, a nepea apecroM 

- 2-ro ceKpeTaps UK yKpanHbi. 

McaeHKO Cepa0wMy AnexcaHApoBHy - weny na- 
ManbMktKa nonnTynpaBneHK» MocxOBCKoro aoeHHoro 
oxpyra. Ofibry no/iyaH - My* xoTopoii 6bin cexpeTapeM 
ropxoMa. Oa^MHHMKOBy Jltociocfla/ibHero BocToxa, *eHy 
KOMCOMonbcxoro pa6oTHMna, KaaaHOBy Cohjo ws Baxy. 
HrwaTOBHH Maputo E<pviMOBHy. My* Koropoii 6bm r/iaa- 
HbiM peAaxTopOM ReiTHsa; Heapnuxyio Oribry Ammtpm- 
eBHy. HecxonbKO jxeManHyio apMCToxpaTMifecxyto natty, 
OHa CMflena 3a Mywa, ho b MocKae y Hee 6bm nioSosHMK 

- HeMeuKHw awnnoMaT MHe paccxaauBann, mto nocne 
naxta MonoToaa - Pn66eHipona. no xoaaTawcrBy He- 



Meuxoro noconbCTsa. ee ocboSoaw/iw «3 nareps. w OHa 
yexana s PepMaHMio. 

26 OTfleneHMeKapnaca. HaoflHSBfleHb. naMecnua 
b MecBu nepea r/iaaaMH oxpuctbie cauaHHbie oapaKu 
KooKmas npOBOnoxa, bnlukh c sacoawMn, 3a npOBono- 
kom crenb Bschow OHa aeneHan, pwwas nerom. denan 
awMOM, ho Bceraa rnyxan. spa)KAe6Hafl He6o. Tonbxo 
ne6o o6aopo»MTenbHO nan narepeM « AJDKHP » Tonb- 
xo oho eoriHyeT m paayer. fl 3a6npaK3Cb b yKpOMHbtw 
yro/iOK narepn w ynMBaiocb xpacxaMH sopb, cnofloxaMw 
AanbHMx 3apHnq m eme oSnaKaMH HecneuiHO nnbiByT 
SbRKM. cneujaT-xyBbipKaioTcn GapaLUKH, 9\ npMCTanbHO 
BmsflbiBaiocb a hhx. B o6naMxax BHAflTcn MHe nvma 
niofieii, okohhmbujmx cBoe aeMHoe cytuecraoBaHMe. 

«yxOA« M3 XM3HH. 0IOAH OCTaBnfltOT CBOO T6Mb» ~ 

roBopMT HapoAHoe npeAaHHe Boctokb. H Pepwx 3ane- 
MaTJien «Tenb y^HTenun a ropax TnHb-UJanB. B o6naKax 
nyABTcs Mne npo4>MJin moneii. yweptunx s T«pbMax, s 
narepnx. Monoflbie h crapbis. cKop6nbie h rHeBHwe, ohh 
peflxo npeAdaioT KpacuBbiMM. 4awe aaMy^eHHwe. M3y- 
poAoaaHHbie CTpaAaHMeM, ohm MeHniOT paxypcw. Bbipa- 
xteHMn. cTHpatoTca, MC4eaa»0T m bhob6 bo3hhk3iot yme b 
Apynix /iiiqax OAnax<Abi s yanAena AHApefl Oh nexca/i 
Ha cnwHe. KyAPflawe Bonocbi o6paMnnnn ero bwcoxvim 
no6. Tna3a 6bmw saxptuTbi Ha cexyHAy MHe noxaaa- 
nocb. mo poT ero Tpony/ia ynuSxa, ho noTOM OHa pacTex- 
nacb b rpHMacy cxop6n ^mlio crranc pacnnbiBaTbcn h 
Hc^eano. BnASHMe mchh noipncno. Oh yMep, noHnna h. 
m ropbxo aannaxana. 

3mmoh ne5o HaA narepeM MeHnnocb MacTo Oho to 
3aTnrnaanocb Senoti neneHOM CHera, to oc/iennTenbHo 
CBepKano huskhm conHqeM. 

MopoaHbiMn HcwaMH 5pnnntiaHTaMkt paccbinanncb 
CTOJxapw. a nan ronoBoti. tohho Ha mo- to aajKHoe o6pa- 
1A3H Moe BMMMaHMe, ftpxo cnwna Kaccvionesi. 






E 
to 

1 



e 
9 

■ 

I 

E 

m 



AneKcaHflpflAHMa/lb.ApceHMwPOrHHCKHtl 



« 



APECTY nOAJ!E>KAT XEHbl... 



» 



BMECTO nOCJIEC/lOBIISI 



TeMa «MeHinMHa a narepe» Tparwnna no cawon 
caoeii cyrw. He cnynaiiHO caMbte npxne m caMbie cTpaiu- 
Hbie cTpaHMUbi narepKoii MewyapwcTHKM BbiiunM m3-hoa 
weHcxoro nepa: «Kpyroiii MaptupyT» EBreHnw THH36ypr. 
«Mon BocnoMMHaHMft» ExaTepHHbi O/imukom. MeMyapbi 
HaAe)«Abi CypoBueBOM, Onbrw AAaMOBOi?i-Cnno36epr, 
Xaab) BonoewH. Aau Bomtotiobckom h AecaTxii Apyrux 

WeHmHHbl KofTblMbl. MceHlUMHbl BopxyTbl. KeHLUHHbl 

HopHHbCxa h TaiiiueTa - cxaaaHHoe hmh m hmx 
npMHaane)XMT k Mwcny Han6onee eecoMwx w Han6o/iee 
npoH3MTejibHb)x CBMAeTenbCTB o ryflAre. 

H BCe-TaKH Aawe BHyTpM ««eHCKOW T6Mbl» MCTOpHfl 

KaparaHAUHCKOro narepH 3aHHMaeT oco6oe Medo 
Mmchho 3Aecb b Hana/ie 1938 r Ha 6a3e 26- ro TpyAno- 
cenxa 6wno otkpwto AKMonitHCxoe «eHCKoe cneuoTfle- 
neMiie, oahh na Tpex octpobob «Apxnnenara r/nAr», 



Kyaa anacTb csoawna Tex, kto nonyHwn cbom cpoxn sa- 
K/no^eHMfi xax ftMCMPbia - «Mnenw ceMeii naMeHHWKOB 
poAHHbi» /Jbb Apymx narepn. Kyaa oTnpaBnsnn b 1937- 
1938 rr «*eH M3MeHHKKOB», HaxoAM/iiiCb b Mopaobkh w 

ToMCKe. 

B pasroBopax Me>KAy co6ow axMonHHCKne ySH^ubi 
nonyLuyrw Ha3biBann cbom octpob 3K30THHecKMM cjiobom 
AJDKHP - AxMonHHCKMii J1arepb>KeH HsMennKKOs Poah- 

Hbl. 

B 1934 r a cobbtcxom aaKOHOAaTe/ibCTBe no^BJin- 
eTcn repMHH «MneH ceMb« n3MeHHnxa [poAMne]». no 
nocTaHOBfieKHK) U.HK CCCP ot 8 miohh Haxa3biBanncb 
ceMbH BoeHHocny)KaiUMx, nepe6ewaBUJnx aa rpaHMuy B 
aaBHCMMOcrvi ot Toro. 6wnn dm ohm {no mhchmio cneao- 
BaTenew) e xypce nnanoB nepeSewHHKa nnvi HeT. ^newOB 



*MHikM*MOQ 



96 



4 cyjifaEbi ctoiietiiji 



ceMeii xapanvi narepew ot 5 no 10 neT wnw ccwnKOM e 
Cn6npb Ha 5 ner, 

< r . > 

Cneunanbna(i onepauMn npOTMB men naeTew «npa- 
bo-tpoukmctckmx tunnOHOB h flMBepC3HTOB», npoaeAeH- 
Han HKBA b 1937-1938 IT., - nvuub 3nn30A b puny 
penpeccMM, KOTOpwe coaeTCKas anacTb oSpyiUMBana Ha 
poflCTBeHHwcoB Tex. KOro OHa CHMTa/ia cbommm aparawM. 
y 3tom onepauuM, oflHaKD. 6bina cboh cneqwpMKa H 
ceos. xotb m aoctbtohho KOpOTKaa. npeAbicropMn. 

• * * 

23 Man 1937 r. neww6K>po npMHRno nocraHoane- 
HHe. cornacHO KOTopoMy ms MocKBbi. JleHMHrpaAa h Km- 
eea BbicennnMCbBce, KToobinHasTOTMOMeHTMcxnio^eH 
w3 BKI1(6) 3a npMHaflnewHOCTb k pa3nwMHbiM BHyrpii- 
napTMMHbiM onn03HunoHHbiM rpynnaM n 33 «npoTacKM- 
B3Hne BpawAe6Ht>ix BsrnnAOB b npenoAaeanHM h b nena- 

TM». BblCblJiafOTCfl flM BMeCTe C HMMM MX CeMbM, B OOCTa- 

HOB/ieHHM hc CKa3aHo CeMbsw, ho He npocro ncttnio- 
HeHHbtxMsnapTMM. a yxe apeCTOBaHHwx h ocyasfleHHbix. 
6bi/i nocBfltueH oTAenbHWM nyHKT: «Bce ceMbH TpouttM- 
ctob 3HH0BbeBuea, npaBbix, AeuMCToa m ynacTHHKOB 
ApyrMxaHTMcoBeTCKnx TeppopMCTMnecKMx m wnMOHCKMx 
opraHMsauuM, paccTpensiHHbix m ocyxAeHHUx k jimujs- 
hmkj cao6oflbi Ha cpokh ot 5[neT] h awtue. - ms Mockbw, 
JleHUHrpaaa vi Kweaa BbicenMTb b HenpoMwwneHHbie 
paiiOHbi CoK>3a c npMKpennenvieM Ha *MTenbCTso k 
onpeaeneHHbiM nyHKTaM» Hepes Tpw HeaeriM, 15 mkjhh 
1 937 r , Ejkob. bo ncnonHeHne stqco peweHMn. yTsepflun 
cneunanbHyo MHcrpyxuMto no Bbicwnne BwcwnKa npo- 
HaeoAnnacb ne M3 rpex, ttax s nocTanoBneHMM nonnt6K)- 
po, a H3 ujecTM ropoAOB (npM6asnnncb Poctob. TaraHpor 
w Comm), HcKjiCHeHHbie M3 BKri(6) noAnexann ewcbinKe 
renepb y*e BMeCTe c ceMbOMM; 6bina o6o3naMeHa M 
xpOHonorkwecKan tohkb OTC^eTa Ann OT6opa Bbicwna- 
eMbix - sucbina/ivicb Te. Koro MCKJiKwunvi nocne 1 fle- 
«a6pfl 1934 r. 

■ a ■ 

Mavi-nionb 1937. b oco6eHHocrn nocneAHMe nomo- 
pa Mecnua stoto nepnoaa, nocne paccTpena «bochho- 

0aUJKCTCKMX3arOBOplHHKOB». - 3TO BpeMfl MHT6HCMBHO- 

ro nnaHHposaHHfl QyixyuMx Maccosbix penpeccMBHbix 
KSMnaHMfi. 

B nepBbieAHM wrona 1937 r 6binw npMHHTw pewe- 
hmr, onpeaenMBtiiHe cyAb&y mhotmx coTen twchh 6yay- 
mux wepTB Teppopa. TnaBHoe K3 hmx - nocTaHOBneHMe 

riOJlllTOtOpO OT 2 WOnSI «06 aHTMCOBeTCKVIX 3neMeHT3X» . 

AaBwee cTapT caMofi MacmTa6Hoii penpeccHBHOii one- 
pauMw snoxvi «6onbujoro Teppopa» Ha ocnoBe sroro 
peiueHHw k KOHuy nK>nn 6yaeT noaroToaneH 3H3MeMH- 
Twii Tenepb onepaTHBHbiw npwKas HKBfl Ns 00447 («Ky- 
nauKHii npMKa3»), no KOTOpowy c 5 aarycTa 1937 r. ao 
cepeflHHw Hoa6pfl 1938 r, cneunafibHoco3flaHHbie Tpow- 
km HKBfl-yHKBAnpnroeopRTHeMeHee 800TbicflH Meno- 
eeK. nonoBMHy «3 hux - k paccipeny. 

CipeMWTenbKoe passnTwe ycTSHOBOK Teppopa 
npuBeno k noaopoTy m b nnanax oTHOcnTenbHO ynacTn, 
yroTOBaHH0« ceMbflM «Bparoe Hapo/]a» 3 07 37 Hapn- 
ay cTe/ierpaMMow, Tpe6ytoiueM npoeecTH yneT «6biBiunx 
KynaKOB» c uenbio nx nocneAytomero ape da. Ewoe Ha- 
npaBHn cbohm noflMMHe«HbiM Asa pacnopflJKeHviB Ha 3ry 
TeMy. FlepBoe aflpecoBanocb TonbKo b Te pernOHbt CCCP, 
oTxyAa npon3BOAnnacb Bwcwma no wHCTpyKMMM ot 15 
hiohr. B neM npeanncbiBanocb nptfocTaHOBMTb Bwcwn- 



«y ceMeii nni(. ocywAOHHbix BoeHHOti rannerneii Bep- 
xoenoro cyaa CCCP Bwna np^Mo yKasana n npvtMWHa 
npMOcraHOBKH: «3th ceMbw 6nn*aviLiiee BpeMfi OyAyr 
saioiKi^eHbi cneunanbHbie narepn». BTopoe pacnops- 
»eHne 6wno pasocnaHO sceM nananbHHKaM yHKBfl 

«KABc»TOMy MtonH c.r. npeAcrasbTe mhb cnwcKti na 
ace ceMb« nnL(, ocyjttAeHHbtx nocne nepeoro AeKa6p» 
1934 roAa BoeHHoii Konnemeii BepxoBHoro cyAa no 
nepBoii, BTOpoii h TpeTbevi xaTeropnn, a Taio^e cnwCKH na 
counanbHO-onacHwe ceMbH nwu. ocyweHMbix Cneu- 
KonnernRMn cvaob 

B cnticxax yxasaTb: 

1) *aMnnnK>. mm* m oTMeCTBO ocywAeHHoro rnaBbi 
ceMbH. no KaKoA K3Teropnn ocyJKAOH; 2) OaMnnnn. 
MMena. oTMecTea nneHOB ceMbu ocyxmeHHoro. a TaioKe 
mx BOspacT, rAe b KaKoii Aon*HOCTM pa6oTaioT hjim b 
KaKOM yMe6HOM 3aBeAeHnw yMaTcn 

CocTae ceMbM cnviTaTb. wcewa, My>K, AeTM. a TaKme 

COCTOflUiHe Ha MIKAMBeHMM M COBMeCTHO npO}KMB3IOLUHe 

oreu, M3Tb. 6paTbd m cecTpw 3tm ceMbM a 6nnwaMiuee 
apeMH 6yAyr 3aKnK)MeHw b cneuwanbHbie nareps. 

no nonyMeHMM ot Bac cnMCKoa, yKa33HMfl o nopwite 
HanpaeneHUfl smx ceweff b narepn asm AononHMtenb- 
ho Ewob» 

M, HaKOHeu, a tot me ASHb. 3 mkhis 1937 r.. 113 
MocKBb) na hmh Ha^anbHMxa yHKBA no 3anaAH0-Cn- 
6MpcxoMy xpaio MnpOHOBa n MapnoMa BHyTpeHHMx aen 
KasaxcTaHa 3annHa ywna eme OAna oincppoTenerpaM- 
Ma, coAepwaewaa sa>KHbie aeTanw HaMe^aBiuencB one- 
psuHM Ona noAnwcaHa HaHanbHMKOM ryjlAra M.Bep- 
M3HOM. ho Her coMHennii. mto pacnopRMceHMe. b neM 
coaepwauieecfl mcxoamt ot Exosa: 

"BnMwaMiuee apeMs 6yAyr ocyiwieHbi m AonxHbi 
6b)Tb M3onMpoB3Hbt ocoSo ycuneHHbix ycnoBMflx pe»cM- 
Ma ceMbu paccTpennHHbix tpoukhctob m npaawx. npM- 
MepHO KonM^ecTae6-7 TbicnM MenoBen. npeHMymecTeeH- 
ho weHLttMHbi m Heoonbiuoe Konw^ecTBo CTapuKOB C 
humh 6yAy Taione nanpaenflTbcn aeru AOuiKonbHoro 
Bospacra. 

Ann coAepwaHMB sthx KOHTMHreHTOB «eo5xoAMM3 
opraHMsauMR Aeyx KOHunarepefi, npuMepno no Tpw tw- 
chmm Menoeex, c tcpenmiM pextMMOM, ycMneHnow oxpa- 
hoh (TonbKO H3 BonbHOHaeMHwx). MCKnioHatoiLteki no6e- 
tm, c oBnsaTenbHbiM o6HeceHMeM KontovieM npoaono- 
kom MnM 3a6opOM. BbimKaMM m TOMy noAO&Hoe, ncnonb- 
30B3HneM 3tmx KOHTMHreHTOB Ha pa6oTax BHyTpM nare- 

B CBH3M Heo6xOAMMOCTblO 6wCTpeMLUerO COSAaHMfl 

3tmx narepeii omTaio Han6onee uenecoo6pa3HbiM opra- 
HwaanMK) mx na 6a3e cytAecTBytomMx TpyAnocenKOa Ha- 
pbtMBM KaparaHAe, Mcnonb30eaHMeM. nepByio o^epeAt. 
CB06oAHbix noMemeHMM wnM He nonHocTbio saceneH- 
hwx, KOTopwe mojkho SwcTpee ocBoSoAHTb, nepeMec- 
tub MMetoiuMxcfi Taw nepeceneHueB 

npeAnarato cpo^ho npopaSoTaTb aonpoc opraHM- 
33UMH KOHunarepa HapWMe m KasaxcTaHe TpH twcamm 
MenoeeK Ka*AbiM. I...J OrseT >KAy o6H33TenbHO ne no- 
SAHee ceAbMoro Mionq» 

TenerpaMMa BepMaHa - nepBbiii AOKyMeHT, HMe- 
k>[Uhv\ npnMoe n nenocpeACTaeHHoe OTHOweHMe k co- 
3AaHMio AJDKMPa. 

OKOHnaTenbHo KOHTypw 6yAyu4eii onepauMM npo- 
thb «eH «M3MeHHHKOB poamhw» 6binn onep^eHw eiye 
nepe3 Asa ahh~ 5 07.37 rionMT6iopo nocraHOBMno: 



UPTA m ±-~i± ::-' 



4 KA3AXCTAHCKHH AMP 



97 



«1 ripuHffTb npea/io>KeHMe HapKOMBHyaena o 3a- 
KfiiOMeHMH s narepa Ha 5-8 ner acex men ocyxaeHHbix 

M3M6HHMXOB pOaMHbl MHeHOB npaBO-TpOLlKMCTCKOM UinM- 

c-MCKo-anBepctiOHHOM opraHH3aunn cornacno npea- 
cTaaneHHOMy wincxy. 

2. npeAnoJKMTb HapxoMBHyAejiy opraHM30BaTbAnn 
3Toro cneunanbHbie narepa b HapwMCKOM Kpae m Typ- 
raficKOM paMOHe KasaxcTaHa, 

3. ycraHOBHTb anpsab nopnaox, no xoiopoMy Bee 

*6Hbl M306nMMeHHb)X M3MeHHMKOB pOAWHbl npaBO-TpOU- 

kmctckwx ujntiOHOB noanewaT aaKnioMennto b nareps He 
Menee. xax Ha 5-8 neT. 

4. BcexocraBiunxcn nocne ocy)KfleHM»,aeTeM-cMpoT 
a© 15-/ieTHero B03pacra BSflTb Ha rocyaapcTBeHHoe 
oSecne^eHHe, mto me Kacaercn aeTeft crapwe 15-ner- 
nero B03pacTa. o hhx pewaTb BOnpoc MHaMBKAyanbHO. 

5 npeA/io>KHTb HapxoMBHyAeny pasMecTHTb ae- 
jew b cymecTByromeifi ceTw astckhx aomob w aaxpbiTbix 
nHTepnaTax wapKOMnpocos pecny6rn<K. 

Bee A©™ noanexai pasMeiyeHMto 8 ropOAax BMe 
Mockbw. JleHMHrpaAa. KneBa, Tn$nMca. MMHCKa, npii- 
wiopcKMx ropofloa, npurpaHMMHbix ropoAOB». (B uumupy- 
eubix doKyMenmax cpxpanena nynKmyauuR opusuna- 
na ~ ped- «Kapmbt») 

Caw no ceOe 0axT yrBepwaeHMH enncxa Ha ocyw- 
A6Hne He jrannnCR mcm-to CBepxopAHHapnwM. Bwxoan- 
UtMM 3a paMKM oSbMHOw pa6oTbi rionwrfjttpo. flpMMe^a- 
TenbHO b nocTanoBJieHHM Apyroe. MneHbf nonwrfmpo no 
cyrH He TonbKO cornacw/incb b OyaymeM He paccMSTpM- 
saTb chuck v wen, ho m He 0CT3Bnnn s aonpoce o weHax 
wecTa nrm xaicOM-nMSo caMoaefrrenbHocrM HKBfl. Cya*>- 
6a men 6bina peiueHa 3apaHee m - cxonoM Ohh noAne- 
■*;ann apecry w ocy)KAeHnio aeroMaTMMecKM, mo onpeae- 
nnnocb kopotkmm cnoaenKOM «sce». 3to cjiobo m crano 
CMbicnoBbiM flflpOM 6yaymevi onepaunn 

nocne 5 Mionn b HKBfl nananacb ycwneHHan noaro- 
TOBKa k Syaymeii onepauMH 

Bbi.nn ymeHbi Bee nneHbi ceMefi apecTOBaHHbix n 
ocy>«fleHHbix flaHHwe nepecbinanncb b MocxBy, rge hx 
o6pa6aTbiaanw cotpyahmkh yseTHo-CTaTMCTMHecKoro 
oiAena qeHTpanbHoro annapaia HKBfl Benacb rtepe- 
nucxa c MapxoMaTOM npocaeiueHMfl o noAroTOBKe uecr 
b A6TCKMX flOMax. paciuwpflnacb ceTb AeTCKnx npneMHU- 
KQB-pacnpeaenwTenew HKBfl. npofloroxanncb noncx« 
■lOflxoflFimux MecT Ann ycrpOMCTsa wencxiix jiarepeit 

<,„> 

Haxoneu. 1 5.08,37 6wn H3flaH npnKa3 HKBfl CCCP 
Ns 00486. 

Bo-nepsbix, cornacHo 3TOMy npuxasy. apecry noa- 
newa/iH wenw Tex, kto nocne 1 aarycTa 1936 r. 6wn 
ocymASH x paccTpeny. saxjiKweHMKi b TtopbMw wrin nare- 
pn BoeHHOii Konnernen BepxoBHoro cyaa nnn boshhw- 
mm Tpn6ynanaMM 3a npnHaAne>KHOCTb x «npaBO-Tpon- 

KMC7CKHM UjnMOHCKO-flHBepCHOHHblM OpraHH33Ltb1flM» 

Bo-BTopbix. b AaribHeAujeM npeanncbiaanocb 
■'■enpeab Bcex xeH nsoOnnneHMhtx h3M6hhiikob poavi- 

Hbl, npaBO-TpOUKMCTCKHX UjnuOHOB, apeCT0BblB3Tb oa- 

HOBpeMeHHO c My%bnMM» 

B-TpeTbMx. onpeaenBncn MexaHM3M ocpopMneHwfi 
npwroBopoB - Oco6oe coeemaHne HKBfl CCCP. hcpok 
3aKnKweHMn - «He Menee 5-8 neT». 

• * * 

DpuKas 00486 AerartbHo pacnucbiBaeT npoqeAy- 
pw apecTos, KOHTHHreHTbt. nopaAOx koh0hck3uhh 



MMymecTBa. wexaHH3Mbi HanpaaneHHfl wieu b aeTAo- 
Ma. Oanaxo b oahom oh pa3HTe/ibHO OT/inMaeTcn or Bcex 
apyrux onepaTMBHbrx npwxaaoB HKBfl 1937-1938 rr, - b 
new net rax Ha3biBaewoM motmbmpobohhom hbcth 
<...>TeKCT ero oTKpbiaaeTcn npHMO c pacnopuweHHA «C 
nonyMeHMeM HacTomnero fipnxaaa npucryniiTe k pen- 
peccHpoaaHHio >k6h nsweHHUKOB poanHe » 



C tomkm 3peHMd CTanHHa, JxeHiatiMbi. penpeccupy- 
eMbie b paMKax npwKasa 00486. 6binn He npocTo me»a- 
mh «BparoB Hapoaa» 3to Sbinn xeHbi «rnaBHt>ix epa- 

rOB» - «np3B0-Tp04KMCTCKHX 3arOBOpU4«KOB» ToBopn 

coBpeMeHHbiM fi3biKOM 3to 5bmn weHbi 3nnTbi napT^ii- 
Hbtx h coBeTCKHx aeflTeneii. pyKOBoaHTeneii npOMbiw- 
neHHocTM. Bnanbix eoeHHbix. Aenrenew nynbTypw. Tow 
caMOH 3nHTbi. KOTopaw cnoJKnnacb b nepBbie ABa aecn- 
ranerwH coseTCxoH Bnacrw m xoTopyio CianwH (He bckj, 
kohbmho. ho awa^HTenbHyio ee nacTb) k cepeAnne 30-x 
roaoB paccMaTpHBan urn kbk Sannacr, hom xaK notrro- 
AHHbiti MCT04HHK 3arOBopoB npoTHB 3Tovi cauoii BOaCTH 
h npoTHB Hero nwHHo. A ero co6cTBeHHWM ortbiT Ha6nto- 
AeHMB Haa ceMe^HbiM 6wtom peBon»ounoHepoB-noa- 
nofoiUHKOB Havana BeKa noacxasbtaan: meHbi ero 6biB- 
lumx copaiHUKOB h CTOpOHH^KOB K3K cxapwx , TaK M 6onee 
Monoabix. 4bn nyTn pa30iunncb c ero co6cTBeHHbtM. 
aonixHbi 6biTb Ha ctopOHe cbomx Myjxeii. Ho nornxe 
Bo>xa». 3to BOace He SHaniino, hto ohm npnMo noMorann 
mm b hx «KOHTppeBOniOLinOHHOH aeflfenbHOCTHs Ho 
3Hann o Heii. He Mornn He 3Ha"n>. H aro 3HaH«e, a Mo*eT 
SbiTb aa*e n coHyBCTBMe, aenano b ero rnaaax jxeHmnn 
coyMacTHnuaMM cbohx Mywew Tanoro poaa npeflcraB- 
neHHa h nernn b ocwoey penpeccni* npoTHB «eH 

Bo)Kab Mbicnun b TepMMHax He HHAMBMAyanbHOM 

BMHbl H MHAMBHayanbHOM OTBeTCTBeHHOCTM. a KonneK- 

mueHOu BMHbi vt KonnexmueHoO OTBeTCTBeHHOcrw. flns 
Toro uTo6bi pa3BepHyTb onepauHio npoTHB ««en M3MeH- 

HHXOB pOaHHWW. 6My AOCTaTOHHO 6btnO SHaTb! XteHlUH- 

Hbi KaxnpaBiino.coHyBCTByKiTesmnaaM cbomx iwywen A 
3H3mmt: ace xceHbi apecTOBaHHbix «3arOBOplUHKOB» - 
tpaKTMMecxMe coy^acTHMqbt saroBOpoe. xoropbie opra- 

HH30BblBanH MX MyiKbfl M OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb 3a 3Ty xon- 

nexTMBHyio BMHy Hecei Ka>xaafl M3 hmx; crano 5wTb. 
Ka«aaa 3acny»MBaeT csomx 8 neT AfDKMPa. MHaMBMay- 
anbHanwe SMHa MnM HeBMHOBHOcTbaaaHHOM «npecryn- 
neH«M» ne MMeer poBHbiM cmctom HMxaxoro SKaneMMfl 
HKBfl Tpe6oeanocb nniub npesparMTb MeracJ)M3M- 
MecxyK) BMHy co-MyBCTBMF m cpaHTacTMHecxyto BMHy co- 
yviacTMfi b lopnaMMecKH oc^opMneHHbiM npMroeop 



CxonbKo me Bcero wenmMH 6btno ompaaneHO a 
1937-1938 rr. b narepn b xanecTBe «nneHOB cewibM M3- 
MeHHMKoe poaMMbtw? Tomh3b untjjpa HaM HeM3BeCTHa. 
BoccTaHOBMTb ee mowho ronbxo no npoTOxonaM Oco- 
6oro coBeutaHMfi, k cowoneHMto, noxa eme ocrawmMMCR 

af1» H3C HeAOCTynHblMM. HeKOTOpbIM 0pM6MTMp0M M0- 

ryrcnywMTb aaHHbie M3 y*e ynOMMHaBiueMCfl sanMCKM ot 
5 oxth6ph 1938 r B Heii pyxoaoflCTBO HKBfl coofimano 
CTanMHy. <hto Bcero hb ochobbhhm npnxasa his 00486 
«no HenonHbiu aanHbiwi penpeccupoaaHo cBbiiue 18 
000 men apecroaaHMbix npeaaTenen, b tom MMcne no 
MocxBe CBbiiue 3000 m no DeHMHrpaAy okojio 1500» 

Bonee tohhwmm Bbirn«A»T aaHHwe oS «M3i>flTb(x» 
AeTHx. B AAMMHMCTpaTMBHO-xo3«MCTBeHHow ynpaane- 



*■»■» ijra :'.; 



98 



4 CWbl CTQJ1ETHSI 






hum HKBA. KOTopoe saHUManocb pacnpeaeneHweM stmx 
aeiew no abtckmm yMpe>xaeHviRM, Bencn miaTenbHWH 
y^eT. Ms coxpaHUBLuewcn BHyTpnaeaoMCTBeHHOw n Me*- 
BeflOMCTBeHMOii nepenncxii Mb) yswaeM ne TonbKo 06 vix 
4wcne. ho w tom, htq bc« onepaLtMH no npMKaay 00486 
Hocuna ornacTM *nnaHOBwvi xapaxTep» 

< > 

UToroBbte UKCppbi no 1937-1938 rr. coo6wnn 29 
SHBapn 1939 r. na^anbHnx AXy HKBA CyM6aTOB b 
sanwexe Ha mms &epnn: 

«npMKa30M HKBA Ns 00486 1937 rofla na Aammhk- 
CTpaTMBHO-xo3flftCTBeHHoeynpaBneHne HKBASbino bos- 
rioateHO oco6oe 3aAaHne no MSbATwo ASTeS BparoB 
napoaa m onpeaeneHWto stwx aereid BflercKKe yMpextae- 
hmh unw nepeaaMe paacTBeHHMxsM Ha onexy. 

C 1 5 aarycra 1 937 roaa no Hacronmee sper/fl Aamh- 
HHCTpaTWBHo-x03flftCTBeHHbiM ynpsBnenweM npoaena- 
Ha cneayiouiaH pa6oTa: 

Bcero no Coi03y MSbHTo aeTei* 25 342 Hen. 

M3 hhx: 

a) HanpaBneno a astaoms HapxoMnpoca h msct- 
Hwe semi 22 427 nen 

H3 HMxr MocxBbi ... 1909 nen 

6) PepeaaHO Ha onexy v> BosBpameno MaTe- 
pflM 2915 nen.» 

Mw0pbi 3tm BbirnHAWT enonne AOcrosepHbiMH. Ho 
ohm aaseaowo Henonnbi 

B hhx He axnxxeHbi AaHMbte o flerax cTapme 1 5 neT. 
KOTopwe 6biJiM npn3HaKbi «couManbHo-onacHbiMw», ape- 
crosaHb* m ocy>KAeHbi HaM viaBecTMO coBceM HeMHoro 
MMen - cHMTaHHue aecfiTKH Ha caMOM flene ocy>XAeH- 
Hwx AETew Sbino rjonbtue 

HeT 3Aecb AanHbix m o Apyrwx 15-,17-neTHwx abtax 
penpeccnpOBaHHWX poAMTenen - Tex, y xotopwx He 06- 
Hapyjunnocb poACTBeHHwxoe. jxenaxsm* x B3RTb hx e cboh 
ceMbu Mx Hanpaannnw b aeTcxHe AOMa ao OKOH^anns 
cpeAHew lUKODbi una npnHyanTenbHO TpyaoycrpaHBanw. 
Ho h HanpaeneHwe &ereii CTapiue 15 neT b astaom, m 
TpyAoycTpoiiCTBo ocymecTBnnnn MecTHbie ynpaeneHun 
HKBA 6es y^acTHfl AXy HKBA CCCP, nosTOMy b craTac- 
™xe AXY 3tm AaHHbie He OTpawanncb. 

HeT cBeAeHHit o AeTwx, k3k CTapuiero, Tax m unaa- 
tuero B03pacra, xoTopwx poAcraeHHHXH 3a6zpann k ce6e 
cpaay nocne apecTa poaMTenefc (wHoraa ywe M3 AeTnpw- 
eMHHKOB). He ocpopwnflB otfcMUManbHo onexy a opranax 
HKBA He y^TBHw MHoroHHC/ieHHwe cnyHan. KorAa eaMH 
Aein cyMeni* n36e>xaTb «n3bHTnn», Ha cbom CTpax w pucx 
oTripaanflflCb k poahwm (unorAa cosepujafl npn stom 
Aanexne nyTeiuecTBMB , npo6npascb Ta«KOM a Apyrne 
ropoAa n perHOHw) v\nvi npocro nononHAB pnaw 6ecnpn- 
SOPHMKOS. 

HeT b 3anKC«e H3MaribHHKa AXY HKBA v cseAennii 
rpyAHbix AfiTsx, KOTOpbix MaTepM 3a6npanw c co6o(i a 
narepn, o AeTnx, poahbujhxca b 3aKnK)4ennn (HecMOTpn 
Ha sanpemeHvie b npMKase 00486 apecTOBbiaaTb 5epe- 
MeHHbix weniAMH. npaenno 3TO nocrooHHo Hapymaaocb), 

fleno. OAHaxo. ne b uwcppax, a b HenpenoMHOM 
0anTe - onepauM« no npviKasy Ne 00486 6wna Hanpas- 
neHa He TonbKo npoTue )«eH, ho m npoTHB aereii «BparoB 
Hapoaa^ H xoraa mu nbtTaeMcn noac^KTaTb o5mee 
4Hcno HtepiB 3Toro npwKasa. Heo6xoanMO BxnKwaTb n mx 

B MTOrOSbte UMtppbl 

* ■ * 

riepebte 3Tanb) MCMP nouiati b narepa b ceHTR6pe 
1937 r Kan y*e ynoMHHanocb. b Mione 1937 r. Sbino 



np«Ka3aHo cosaaxb anw JxeHmnH asa cneuwanbMbix 
narepn - b 3anaaHOfi Cn6npn « b Ka3axcTaHe. Ho k 
na^any onepauwi wx eiye He ycnenii noaroTOBHTb. no- 
STOMy b npnK33e Ns 00486 b Ka^ecTBe MecTa xyaa 
cneaoBano Hanpas/iHTb saxTDOMenHbix. 6btn o6o3H34eH 
TeMHMKOBCKHM HTJ1, ancnouMposaHHbiw Heaanexo ot 
MocKBbi - a MopaoBMH K ceHTqgpio 1 937 r 3aecb 6bino 
opraHM30BaHO nepBoe cneuwa/ibHoe oTAenenne ans 
;«eHiAMH - nneKos ceMeri «H3MeHHMKOB poa^Hbi» Oho, 
oaHaxo. ne Morno BMecTMTb ecex MCMPob. HanpaBnne- 
Mbix b TeM/iar. m ann hhx BCKope wa^ariH ocBo6o>KAaTb 
flononnnTenbHbie narnynxTbi 

Cbmm 3aKnioMeHHbie BcnoMWHanw enocneACTBHM. 
«to Bcero b TeMnare cMAeno oxono 7 twchm JxeHiUMH- 
MCMPob. no-OMA^MOMy. Ha csmom aene mx 6bino ne- 
cxoribxo Menbiiie - ot4.5 ao 5 TbicB^ . 

Bcnea sa cneuoTAeneHMeM b TeMHMxax Taxoe we 
oTAeneHHe, npHMbixawmee I MecTnow TrapbMe, Swno 

OTXpblTO B TOMCXe B MBMyapMCTHKe COXpaHMJIOCb H3- 

saaHne - wTomcxmh narepb wen M3MeHHnxoa poan- 
Hbi» Flo BOcnoMvinaHHflM QflHOii H3 3axntoMeHHbix, nptt- 
eeseHHOH TyAa b xOHue 1937 r., 3Aecb x 3TOMy woMeHTy 

H3X0AHn0Cb oxono 4 TWCRH MCMP 

Haxoneu. b caMOM Hanane 1938 r &bino OTKpbiTO 
cneL4QTAeneHne 9 AxMonnHCxe, BxoaMBiuee b cTpyxrypy 
KapsraHaMHCxoro MTJ1. PsspeiueHMe hs ero cosaaHHe 
ry/lAr aan eme b na^ane ceHTfl6pn CneayraLAwe MeTu- 
pe Mecnua ywnw Ha noAroTOBHTeribHwe paooTbi, nptt- 
Meu MocxBa nocTooHHO Topomina Kapnar Hsumhsr c 
10 HHBapn 1938 r. cTariM npnxoanib aranw. AxMontiHC- 
xoe cneuOTaeneHne 6btCTpo sanonHnnocb \a b Te*4eHne 
nonyroaa nepenojiHHjiocb Hacro/ibxo. mto pyxOBoacTBo 
Kapnara BbtHyixaeHO 6bino BHa^a/ie BpeMeHHo pacnpe- 
aensTb 04epeaHbie sTanw ocy>xaeHHbix jxbh no apywM 
naroTAeneHMAM. a x oceBH cosaaTb eme oaho cneian- 
snbHoe OTAeneHHe ann MCMP - Cnsccxoe. 

riepBbie nomopa roas cymecTB0B3Hnn narepn 6binn 
caMbiMH TpyaHWMH Ann saxnic-ieHHbix TecHOTa, Tnwe- 
hwm. HenpHBbNHbtii 5wT. He nanaweHHoe npon3BOA- 
ctbo - Bee 3TO BMecTe c onpeaeneHHbiM pp* «cneuxoH- 
TMHreHT3» pe*MMOM CTporow H3onflunn Aenano mx 
x<M3Hb ocoSeHHO MyHMTenbHOM M eecb stot nepnoA 
AJ1>KMP paccMaTpwaancH He npocro xax narepb ann 
MCMP, a xax wecro coaepwaHwfi «oco6o onacHbix» «3 
hhx J"lnwb b Mae 1939 r.. nepes nonroaa nocne Toro. xax 
Ha Bone 3axoHHnnacb onepaunn npoTWB >xen «n3MeH- 
hmxob poanHw*. 6btn HsasH npwxa3 TyDAra, bo ncnon- 
neHHe xoToporo b TeHeHHe neTa-oceHM oTaeneHKn TeM- 
nsrs. Cn6nara m Kapnara, rae 6binn cxoHLieHTpupoBaHW 
MCMPu. 6bijiM nepeBeaeHbi co «cneupeJXMMa» Ha 06- 
menarepHbiii. 3to oananano necxonbxo npwHuwnManb- 

HblX HSMeHeHMM B WH3HH y3HMq AJ1>KMP3. TnSBHOe M3 

hhx: weHLAHHaM 6bina paspeuieHS psnee sanpeiaenHan 
nepenncxa c eoneii- Tonbxo ceMnac Mnorwe cMornn 
ysnaTb o cyab6e cbomx Mywew. tom. hto npowsowno c 
hx aeTbMM. PaspeujHnw rsxwe nony^aTb nocbinxn, tun- 
nn 3anpeT Ha ncnonb30BaHne cneuwanncTOB no hx pa- 
604hm cneunanbHocTflM vt t.a 

nepexoa na o6iAenarepHbiM pewuM osHanan. b 
HacTHOCTH, hto HCMPw He flBnHxrrcH 6onbtue «cneu- 

XOHTMHreHTOMM, KOTOpblH COAepO«HTCfl B CTpOrOM H30- 

namiM OTflpyrtix saxnKj^eMHbix. Mx mojkhd 6bino Tenepb 
oSbeAMHHTb c apyrnMM narepHWMM «xoHTMHreHTaMn». 
nepeBOaHTb b apywe narnyHxrw, b cnyMae npon3BCA- 
CTBeHHOH wnn pewtiMHOM Heo6xoawMOCTM - b apyme 
narepn. 3to aosonbHO SwcTpo npnaeno x pacxsccn- 



KAPTA- WX3-M 2005 






4 



KA3AXCTAHCKHK AJIIKP 



99 




poeaHHio ToMCKoro narepa MCM P , oTKyfla 6onbiuyio Mactb 
meHiunH nepeBenM b HTK Nal C*6nara Ha CTaHUMM Rn, 
k HecKonbKHM 3TanaM MCMP m rrepeno/iHeHHoro Teiw- 
nara b apyme narepa, wanpMMep, Ha crponTenbCTBo 
CerewcKoro neco6yMXMMKOM6nHaTa a Kapenwo (orry- 
aa MHorne H3 hmx noTOM 6yayT nepeBeaeHw a Kapnar). 
B caMOM Kapnare 6wno nnKBHflnpoeaHO HeaaBHo co- 
3flaHnoe CnaccKoe crraeneHwe. a MCUPbt nepepacnpe- 
aeneHbi Meatay apyrnMH oraeneHMnMM narepn (3Hann- 
TenbHan nacTb nonana b flonMHxy) HananMCb n nepeeo- 
4biMCHPM3KapnaraBflpy™enarepn - HacTpOMtenb- 
CT80 ConMKaMCKoro UBK. b KpaCHonpacMM HTJ1 m t.£. 

AKMOJiHHCKoe cneuOTflene«Me a cbmom xoHue 
1939 r. Bnnnocb OKOHHaTe/ibHO B Kapnar tao TOTO oho 
exoflMno a CTpyxTypy Kapnara <popMant>HO. b ochobhom 
noflHMHflncb HenocpeflciBBHHO r/JlAry) n 6bino nepe- 
nweHOBaHO b 17-e OTaeneHMe Kapnara. OanaKO ao Ha- 
vana BoiiHbi oho eiye coxpaHwno nepeoHananbHyio cne- 
UMtpHKy, ooraBancb npe>nae scero MecrroM cocpeaora- 
HeHun MMeHHO HCV1P. rioaaHee ciona OTann noMewatb 
weHtMMH m My»MMH, ocyxtasHHbix aa apyrvie «KOHTppeBo- 
ntomiOHHbie npecrynneHnfl», HHoraa m ocywaeHHbix no 
oSmeyronOBHbiM craTbRM f"lo MneHHto coapeMeHHoro 
HCcnefloeaTenw. «AKMonwHCxoe oTaeneHne k Hanany 
40-x roaos crano CMewaHHWM h see 6onee noxoawno na 
apyrwe oraeneHMn Kapnara» 

<„-> 

Bcero a Kapnare I 1938-1946 rr. 0T6biBann Haxaaa- 
Hiie okoiio 6500 JKeHuiMH-MCMPoB M3 hmx Bonee 4500 
npoiu/iH nepea AJDKUP - oanH ms xpynHewujHx (ecnw He 
caMbiw xpynHbiw) coBeTCKMx wencxHx narepeft. 



FlaMfimHUK y3Huuau AfDKHPe e nocenxe MamiHmxa 



HwHe bo mhowx ropoaax v\ noce/ixax PecnyonHKM 
Ka3axCTaH B03ABMrHyTbi MeMopnanbHbte KOMnnexcbi, 
MonyMeHTbi, naMHTHbte 3h3km wepTaaM nonMTvmeacMx 
penpeccHH coBeTcxoii anoxM. B hobom cronMue - AcraHe 
(6WBUJMM AKMonnHCK) - k naMATHHuy wepTBaiw B03/iara- 
•ot uBeTb«, cawawT onono nero aepeabfl 

B MannHoaxe - Tan HaabisaeTcn tenepb tjuBWHii 
Tpyanoce/iOK Ns 26 - ctoht naMflTHMK y3HMLjaM AJ1>KH- 
Pa Ha Tono/inHOH anrtee. noca^eHwoi* xoraa-ro mx 
pyxaMH, ycraHOBneHbi creHAbi c nMenaMH m cppariweKTa- 

MH BOCnOMHHaHMW; B flOMe KyjlbTypbl co3aaH My3efi 

A^>Kl/IPa Ha Mecre. rae xoponunu yMepuuwx 3axnK3HeH- 
mwx. ycT3Hoa/ieHW cuMBonnMecKHe Haarpo6nfi - xpwe- 
TwaHCKoe h MycynbMaHcxoe ExeroaHO a fleHb naMATM 
m CKop6n CKsaa npne3*aiOT poacTBeHHuxw weniaMH xor- 
Aa-TO OT6biBaBujnx 3axnrcmeHne b AKMonHHCKOiwnarepe 
npne3>KaK)T cioaa h caMM 6wBiune ysHwubi. Hx ocra- 
nocb ywe coBceM HeMHqro. 

Bnepeue ony6nuKoeano e KHUze: Y3Huubi «ATI)KM~ 

Pa»: CnucoK xenmuH — saxitioveHHhix AxMonuHCKoso 

u dpyaux omdenemiu Kapnaea / Accou wepme 

He3amn penpeccuu a. AcmaHtu u Akmop. o6n.. 

Memdynap. o-eo «MeMopuan»; — M.: 3eenbfi. 2003. 

B nydnuKauuu ucnonbzoeaHbt Mamepuanbi apxuaa 

MejKdynapodHOso o6mecmaa «MeMopuan», aKcnedu- 

uuu MexdyHapodnozo o6tuecmea «MeMopuan» 

«Ka3axcmancKuii AfDKMPv {(pomoapatpuu 

HuKonan Cepedbr PwancKuu «MeMOpuan») 

0omospa0uu 1936 aoda: Anencandp PodveHm 

Pedannufi mypnana ebipantaem 6/iaaodapHocmb 

MewdynapodHOMy «MeMopuany» 

3a npedocmaanoHHbie Mamepuanbi. 



*w*hjrtaorg 



100 



4 B03BPAU|EHHblE HMEHA 







KAPTA- W.13-M 2005 



4 B03BPAO|EHHblE MMEHA 



111 



«TEPPOPMCTMHECKAfl rpynilA... n03T0B» 



....■1 maem ,w tcmo meou cmuxu 
Hau3ycmb? H me. Kmo juaem, 

Eepmo.ibtn Epexm 

>ry KHiirv" HeBoiMowHo npoHMTaTb «na 03H0M 
Jiu\aHKH». M ae.io He b tom. hto b Heft oes MnoroTbicsia 
CTpaHim. IlpocTo easa ,ih He Ha Kaauofl crpaHime nepe- 

XBaTUBaeT ropno. . . 

B3TortKHnre-aHTO.iornnco6paHhicTHxncaMbixpai- 
hux jiKuefi: S.iecTnumx noiTOB Cepeopsnoro seKa i 
reH HeB .iifrepaTjpHoro aaaHrapaa. bcih khx (}nnoco4(OB h 
pe.inrH03Hb!x vthic.irrre.iefi. «npo.ieTapcKHx» h «KpecTb- 

f?HCKHX» riOTOB. BCeMHpHO HIBeCTHUX aKa.lCMir'tetKltX 

yteHbtx it -iwaell «Ma.TO3HaMeHHTbix». MKonix h mho- 
iik... 

Bcex tix o6i>e aiiHHjTO onm - cyabfiy. a lanacTyio - 
caMyto'A'iaub Kasriioro in 367 aBTopoB aHTo.ionui c.iom&h 

11.111 VHI11T05KHJ1 «K0MMVI1HCTHKeCKHH» pCJKHM JleHH- 
Ha-CTa.lHH3, 

CTiixii,ony6-iHKOBaHm>ieBKHnre«nQ33H8y3HM- 
KOB rVJIATAJ) coHHHJLiiicb b TiopbMax. Jiarepax. cebLT- 
Ke. 3ay>iHBa.ni(Cb HaHiycTt, h6o 3anncbiBaTb6bi.io onacHO. 
noBTops.iHCb npo ceos wyrb nn He KaMabifl jeHb. a eciin it 

iUIHta.lrUUikl.. H> XpaHftntlCbCViaKCHMaJlbHOffOCTOpOH-- 

HOCTbK). « // \tnniNU yoopucmbiu cnucoK flod cmeiMiou 
canot 6epe,y.» - nnca.i 3aicteoHeHHbiH Kapronojibjiara, 

aBTOp MCKpOMCTHOf* repOMHeCKOft KOMeJHH ((flaBHUM- 

aaano» AjieKcaH^p HiajKOB. 

C HaV'lHO-HCTOpHHeCKOfl TOHKH 3peHits Ha3BaHne 
aHTO.lOrtlH HeTOHHO. nOCKO.UKy B KHHFV BICTIOHeHbl II 
CTHX11 Tex T103TOB, k'OTOpbie npOW-IH CBOfS KpeCTHblil HYTb 
JOO(pmHta.1bHOrOBOJl!HKHOBeHHHryjIAra.(KaKOTKpW- 

Barouuifi KHnr> Hitwnafi r>Mn.ieB|. uniiaceobLi paccrpe- 
.thh BCKope noc.ie apecTa. Ho c wjerKoftpVKiw AjiehxaH- 
apaCciiKeHdUbiHa. ibn crnxn(t) TaKwe nptacTaBJieHM b 
aHTojioniH. ryJlATcTai MGT3fJ>opoH cra.iHHCKoro pe- 
vKima. n c 3Tofl noinuHH - HaiBamte cnpaBeaiHBO. H 
iTaMeiacpopa. no*-a.iyti,eanHCTBeHHaji.KOTOpyiono3Bo- 
.ihji ce6e cocraBiiTejib, ocraBHB npaBo Ha \ieTatpopbi - 
nosTaM. 

B auro-iortui aBTOpbi npeacTaR-ieHbi b xpOKOJioni- 
HecKOH nocjieaoBaTe.TbHOCTH, HeT. He aat poaaeHHa. a 
am apecmm - ot 1921 roaa (HHKO.ian [ \MiuieB)ii jo 
1 953 roaa(P\ jOvib^BepmajcKHfi). nojuiTHO, hto crporo 

COoVtlOCTH TaKOfi nOp»aOK HeBO3M0"*H0 - O HeKOTOpblX 

aBTopax oTcyTCTBVioT cee jen us . MHonie apecTOBbiBa.incb 
no HecKo.ibKo pai. Ho npeacTaa.'iHeTCfl. hto pemeHiie. 

Bbl6paHHOe COCTaBHTCieM, 6bl.TO taHHCTBCHHO BCpHbIM: 

nepea Hawii npeacTaeT He «MexaHHiecKoet> coopaHiie 
cthxob. a eiiinaa KHitra o WMSBM h cyjb6e HecKO/tbKux 
noKo.ieHnfi... 

Mapiina namcieeBHa JlpueBa. icbmom kum. BMecre c 
ceMbefi pach'y.iaveHHbix inCapaTOBCKOH noepHHii. no- 



' H033UP y3HUK09 n/flAro Anmon03USt / Cocm u asm 
npeduc/i C.C BunencKud M M&JJ Mamepux. 2005 - 
992 c - (Pocctm XX eex AoKyMenmbt) 



naBmaB b KaiaxtrraH. mitueT bo BcnaieHHii k cbohm 

CTIKaM: kOhh npHMHTHBHW II CMeiitHM. HUBepiliie. X1H 

npo(()eccHOHaia. Ho a hhx npaB.ia *ii3hm. Cyiboa 6.ni3- 

KHX». 

Omen, si ne nawMO meou, 

Ufae Maw rodKoe mteda Obiio. npocmu mt* ao imoMenx. 

ii cmapute e dsa pasa mean - micKU cedutia no6e.7U.ia 
A mbi .voioOou naace&a it .wo.ua maKtvo .iio(>wia. 

Ctjixh. 3a coiiHHeHHCKOTopbix\ior;iii.io6aBHTb(H 
JtooaajuuiH!) .larepHbie cpoKii. cTaHuBii.nicb He TOiibKO 
doKVMenmo.H moxu. He To.ibKo cpedcmtoM ca.vocna- 
lciihh HcioBe L iecK'oro comamui. ho h Hinemn-M hcthh- 
hoA Dili nut 

Cthxii b airrononiH npejeapaioTCfl 6Horpa<pHHec- 
khm n c npaB mi h . 3tot c> xoh Tepxi hh ne noaxo jut k tcm 
paiHWM no BejiHHHHe. ot HecKOjibKHx CTpaHim no He- 
CKO-ibKirxcrpoK. TeKCTaM. noBecTBYioiuifM ocyjb6ax.no- 
nefi.-3iiecb n ^paraeHTbi aBTo6norpa(pnH, Bbi.iepvKKH in 

oq l )im»a.1bHbJX JOK>MCHTOB. BOCnOMHHaHHS pOilHblX H 

jp\^en H.caMoecTpaujHoe - ciosa: «HiiKaKHXCBejeHiifl 
06 aBTope ooHapy>KKTb He yaa.iocb», 

Koraa HMTaeuJb BK-no'iemibie b unorpa(j}iui «O0BH- 
HitTe.ibHbie 3aK.noHeHii*», nepea rstaWH pacspbiBaeT- 
cs )K\TKiift TeaTp aocypaa. kotopwh He Mor.ni npeacTa- 
BHTb. a Mor.iH .iiiuib npeaH\"BCTB0B3Tb o83pH\Tu - (aa 
3T0 npedty&cmeue - cipauiHO noaiaTujincb! ) 

Il03T HBaH npHo.iyjHbiii owji paceTpe.iHH b 1937 
ro;ry «3a npnHaanc»cnocTb x- TeppopncriiHecKott rpynne 
H3 cpeabi itoitob». BjijAiaftTecb b it\ (paHTacMaropii'iec- 
kv'K) (popviy.THpOBKy : mi'pptipui-numcvKUH cpynna n»- 
imoe! Aocypj? V'Bbi. Her... 

no3Tbi — .iiaaH cBo6o20MbtCjiHuiHe no ortpejcie- 

HHK). H riOTOMV BCCIJa H3HaiaibH0 BOCnpHHItMaiOTCB 

.iHKTaTopaMii khk jiKnut HeHaje**Hbie h aasKe onacHwe. 

HmCHHO 3T0 - CBQOOilHoe OlieHHe MblCltl (HH KOHb- 

KjKTypu. hii caMoueH3ypti> b CTHxax vihhkob ryJlATa 
aonrHe ronw noc.ie ocaodowiieHiia H3 narepst h jawe 
peaSnitrraiiHH nyranH «.niTepaT\pHoe naHa.ibCTBO» h 

Bbl3blBa.TH HeHa8HCTbBCeBO3M0>KHblX <aiiTepaTypoBejoB 
b uiTaTCKOM». H m icax tie rocyjapcTBenHbie apxiiBbi ne 
co6npain npon3BejeHHB6biBiinix 3aiciK)HeHHbix, 

Ko BpcMeHii pa6oTbi nan aHTcnornefi «yMep;iH h 
MHome n03Tbi. ii hx iipyibir - xpaHHTenn pyKonnceft: 
MHoroe HC4e3.io6ecc.ienHO» ropecTHo nmueT b npeaiic- 
.TOBHiiCeMeH BiaeKCKHH. HCTOBeK. npoaciaBiuHH nonc- 
THHe THTaHMMecKy io paooTy nococTaa-ieHHto aHTo.tormi. 

noTowy. \Bbi. CKopoHyfi cmtcok* no3TOB ry/IATa 
oiHKvii. He iiciepiiwBaeTcs HvieHavtH, npeacTaa.ieHHbi- 

MH B 3T0fi VHHKajlbHOfi KHHie. 

A^eKcaHJp BaeaeHCKHH. Jlee Kbhtko. JIh 03o.ihh. 
TlaBMa TocpuiTeHH. Huhk ct>e4)ep. B.iajiiMiip Chii.i ninf- 
KMfi, BnhT0p3rjTMTiic. H3H XapiiK. EBrentifi 3aoe.iHH... 

((XoTejiocbCbi BcexnoHMei(H0Ha3BaTb..,» -Hani- 
ca.ia Ahh3 AxviaTOBa. 

Xomctcs BepHTb. hto ro.ioca \3HHK0B rYJlAFa, 

BbipBailHbte H3 HeOblTMH 5THM (It nOCiejVIOUllfMH) H3.13- 

Hitavin, BitoBb ia'iB\'tat n naiueii >Kinnn. 



***■* karta org 






112 



4 BQ3BPAU|EHHblE MMEHA 



CTHXH Y3HHKOB TYJIATA 

, Id lilt. I Hf HHt' K UHIO.KH IiH 



M3M XAPMK 

1898-1937 



H 3M XapwK poAWicH 1 7 Hos?6pn 1 898 roaa b MecTenKe 
3eM6nH 6opncoacKoro paiioHa Mkhckoh ry6epHHH. C 
paHHvix neT npnuinocb MHoro TpyflHTbca. Oh HayHWicfl 
MMOrMM npocpeccMHM PaooTan neKapeM. ameKapeM, 
/HMTeneM. 6n6/iMOTeKapew C eocroproM oh npHwui 
OKTflgpbCKyto peeonhOL(H>o. KOTopan. ttax eMy Kasanocb, 
necex caei h cso6oay npocTbiM nioflHM. 06 stom h 
nepawe ero ctmxh. B 1919 roay Xapw< CTan M/ieHOM 
napTMM w Toraa we aoSpoaontHO BCTynnri a KpacHyto 
Apwmo, yMacTBoean s rpa»aaMCKOM sowne. B 1920 roAy 
oh Bnepsbie orty6nnKOsan cboh ctmxh 

Han XapMK yviHncjt b BbiciueM nuTepaTypHow mhctm- 
Tyre mm B.R BpiocoBa. 33K0H4nn eapeiiiCKoe OTaeneHne 
neAarornnecitoro 03KynbTeTa 2-ro MocKOBcxoro rocy- 
HMBepCMTeTa flepeexaB e Mmhck. pa60Tan peABKropoM 
eBpeticKoro )KypHa/ia «UJTepH» («3ee3fla»). 6btn nne- 
hom npeanflMyMOB Coiosob nMcaTenew CCCP h 6CCP. 



ripw >km3hm Bbiwrw Sonee aeon™ KHMr ero cthxob m 
noaM Ha Mflmu 

AocKOHanbHO 3Haa 6wt eBpeea b 6enopycciwx wee- 
reMKax « ropoaax. sHaiott cporibKftopa. nenoaeK wnpo- 
kovi apyflnunn, xopouio SHaKOMWM c flOCT»jKeHMBMn mm- 
pOBOM jiHTepaTypw, Xapnx eotuen b eBpeMCKyra nMTepa- 
Typy xax TanaHTjiMBbiii h onuTMbiM Maciep Ero comiHe- 
hub ciaHOBunwcb xpecTOMaTMMHbiMH mx nayqann e es- 
peticKMx LUKonax m yMMnmnax 

Kasanocb Bnepean - uenan *n3Hb Ho cyflboa 
pacnoptiflnnacb kiHane. Man Xapw* npownn acero 39 
net. Ero nocTHrna 3naa yMacrb Tbictw hh b HeM Heno- 

BHHHblX COOTeneCTBeHHHKOB, yHmTOJKeHHUX B rOfibl CTa- 

jiwhcxmx penpeccnn 

B cewTflSpe 1937 roaa H3n Xapnx 6bin apecroBaH, a 
cnycTH nomopa MecsLta BoeHHan KOnnerwa BepxoBHoro 
cyaa CCCP noflnwcaxia ewiy cMepTHwii npuroBop 



* # » 
Her. He MO.iOAocTbcorpe-naeb 

BpOBHOMCOJtHeHHOMOrHe. — 

n.IOAOHOCHMV ICTOM ipe.lOCTb 

HajiHBaercs bo mhc. 
PaaocTb. b cepjue bo '.iiiik.ih. 
HoBbio MyapoR Be.iHKa. 
H Tocsa Tenepb HHas — 
PajioM c pajocTbio TocKa. 
LUMpe CTa.n h moh men h, 
Cia^a rpyat hohtm cta^ibHOH... 
3apaBCTB\R. cHacTbe 3pe.noM BCTpeHM 

C )KM3HblO Bemto MO.IOaofi ! 

1926 

TJepeeod C. HaposHamosa 



* * * 

51 hc roproio. He .iioo h\i bi fi c.i a ho f i . 
K mohm cieaaM hhkto He npHnaiieT... 
Tenepb. Korjacepaua nbi.iaioT.naBOH. 
B MOKxcTHxax — CBeaeHHbiR thcbom pox. 
M ji xoTe/i 6bi neTb. 4to6u 3a6biTbca, 
H no Bexpy paiBearb Tpene? cboh. 

Ho KaK K6eCIie4HOH >KH1HH MHe CTpeviHTbCfl. 

KoraaHeBecb.nnK}eTijiap3CMHOH? 
H h cefinac .iioo.iro 3BeMW CH»Hbe. 

JljOD^KIKMnJllUHRBCneHeHHblH riOTOK. 

Hoaytiiy MHe npn bo a ht b corpora h be 
HrpHBbiH HoecnenHbifi BeTepoK. 

H H6 TOplOIO. He.llOOMMblH C.iaBOH, 

Hhkto k momm He npnnaaeic.ie.iaM... 
Tenepb. Koraa cepaua nwjiaioT .laBofi. 
SI necHb mok) cepauaM .iroaefi oraaM. 

1925 

Flepeeod A. AxMimweou 



HAPTA' ISiJ-tA 300* 



4 B03BPAU|EHHbJE HMEHA 



113 



AJlEKCAHflP BBEflEHCKMM 

1904-1941 



Ane^caHAp MeaHOBUM BseaeHCKUM pOAHnca 23 
Hoaops (6 aeKaopn) 1904 roaa b ["leTepoypre Bo BTopoii 
nonoBUHe 20-x coaob BBeaeHCKMw suecrre c XapMCOM h 
3aoonouKHM npuHUMaeT yuacTue b HecxonbKMX nuiepa- 
TypHO-TeaTpanhHbix HanwHaHunx Ha no^Be Teaipa «Pa- 
Ahkc», rae CTaBunacb nbeca BBefleHCKoro ki XapMca 
uMon Mawascn BHacax». nponcxoAHTc6nnweHnech' Q, 
ManeavmeM. B sanncHbix KHKWxax XapMca 3a0Mxcnpo- 
B3Hbi neperoBOpw rpynnw «PaflMxc» c ManeBHMeM o 
hobom o6teaMHeHnn. cTaBnmeM uenbio «Konconnfla- 
lihio BCex rieBbix curl a ncKyccTBe» 

B KOHue 1927 rofla «PaflviKC» npeo6pa3yeTCfi b 
3HaMeHHToe 0B3PHY- 06i>eflHHeHMe peanbHoro mc- 
KyccTBa nocne cepwn cHanana n3AeB3TenbCKnx. noTOM 
OTKpbiTo AOHocmenhCKVix neMaTHbix oTKnuKOB o63pny- 
Tw nonynaiOT Tpexneixne cookk «a KOHTppeBontouwOH- 
Hyio AeflTenbHOCTb b ognacTw AeTCKOM nwTeparypbiw, 
3aMeHBHHbie ccbinxoii. flo B03BpameHnn us ccbinxM 06- 
meHHe BaeAeHCKoro m Xapvtca saMbixaercH b ysxoM 



Kpyry flpyaew-eAHHOMbiiuneHHHKOB b KOTopbiii xpowe 
hwx BXOAMnn $nnoco<fcbi 3 C flpycxiiH h Jl. C JlwnaB- 
ckhm, a TaKwe no3T H. M OneHHWKOB. 

C 1937 roaa BBeAeHCKmi wnaeT b XapbKOse Haxa- 
HyHe OKKynaunn ropcxaa HeMqaMn oh, ksk nnuo paHee 
penpeccHpOBaHHoe. 6wn noAaepmyT «npeBeHTMBHOMy 
apecryn c nocneAyomew npHHyAMTenbHow 3Banyaunei* 
h Ha 3Tane norwS OAHoapeMeHHO b JleHHHrpafle 6bin 
apecroaaH XapMc ApxHB XapMca, s cocTaBe KOToporo 
HaxoAnnact h 5onbuian MacTb Aoiueawnx no Hac npovta- 
BeAeHMM BaeASHCKoro (caM noaT pyxonMCflMw He a°PO- 
wwn), 6bin cnacen M3 onycreBtuei* xaapTvipbi XapMca 
3 C flpycxHHbiM B KacTOHiuee bpcmh apxMB stot xpa- 
HMTCfl a PyKOnwcHOM oTAe/ie fleHHHrpaACxow ny6nn>4- 
hoh 6n6nnoTeKn 

Ha CTwxoTBOpeHMM HMKonan 3a6onouKoro «Flpo- 
maHwe c Apy3bflMn». BKJiKtHeHKOM b aHTonornio. CTOHT 
nocBnuieHne: «flpy3bflM MonoAOCTM. noewSLUHM nocne 
apecra. -fl.XapMcy. A. BBeAencKOMy. H.OnewHWKoay» 



H3 «CEPOH TETPAJ1H» 



Ha j viopeM TeviHbiM 6,iaroaaTHbiM 
hocm;icsi eoiayx HeoovsTtiwii, 

OHCHHHM KOpmVHOM JieTai, 
OH WO.im HOHH HA MOTH.1. 

H ay Man sojayx: Bee npoxoaMT, 

eaBaBHCHTnpOrHHBUJMH FUioa. 

3ee3aa ksk coh Ha He6e bcxojiht. 
nHdaoeccMeprHaji noeT. 

riVCTb MejlOBCK K3K CMepTb H KaMCflb 

6e3M0.1BHO CMOTpHT Ha necoK. 
UBeTOKTocKyeTJienecTKaMH 

11 MblC.lb HHCXOaHTHa UBeTOK. 

( A B03ayx Mope noaMeTai 
KaK Gyaro Mope ecTb Meraji-i). 
Oh nonHMaeT b 3tot nac 
H :iec m He6o h aiMa3. 
Ubctokoh cBO.iOHb.oH jyopaBa. 
vi bi cMorpHM Ha Hero nanpaiu*. 
noK\ aa mu eme >khbcm 
Mbi cocTpiixeM ero hojkom. 



(A B03ayx iwope noaMeTa-i 
KaK oyoro Mope ecrb MeTai.T). 
Oh He.iOBeKacTaji Myapee. 
oh npocHT hm» aaTb eMy. 
Ubctok Mbi CTa.in 3BaTb anapeeM. 
oh Haw poBec hhk no yMy. 
Boicpyr nero vkvkh h nraiuKH 
CTOHa.i h KaK .iec h bi e nam k h . 
BOKpyr Hero peKa 5e)Kaia 
CBoe BwcoBbiBasvKaio. 

H6aOOHKH H MVpaBbH 

H3a HUM 3BCHHT KOilOKO.iaM H. 

npHJTTHO H-ia^VT COJIOBbH. 

nexaH hokho Haj iio.ijimh, 
A B03ayx Mope noaMeTaji. 
KaK GyaTo Mope ecTb Meiajin. 

1 932-33 (?) 



ww*karlioro 



104 



4 BOSBPAUlEHHblE MMEHA 



EBrEHHH 3A5EJ1HH 

1908-1943 



«,..Mw csmwm cepfaesweMujuM o6pa30M npeayn- 
pexyjaew Monoaewb aepwaTbCR noaanbiue ot stmx flbi- 
nenyCKareneM e no33HM « mwluhhwx *epe6H*iKoa a »tn3- 
ML. 3a6ennH-BacwnbeB h n*;ec hmmh -hgch3mh Ohm 
npoTHB «ac!» 

ra3ema «Pa6omjQ nymb», Omck. 1930 z. 

«, 3a6enwH EareHHH HtiKonaeBHM. cuh npoTowe- 
pea HacTOHiyne hmh m cpaMMnun - JleoHHfl CasKviH, 

flpblti HeHaBHCTHMK COBeTCKOrO CTpOH CTOpOHHMK flHK- 

raTypb) Ha MaHep KonHaxoecKoa Me^Taei pa&OTan. b 
KOHTppasaeflKe. Abtop MHoroHncneHHbix *t/p ctmxoo, 
KaK, HanpHMep. "AAMHpan Karmax", "Pocchh\..» 

143 Mamepuanoe ysonoenoao dena (laena Bacunb- 
eea Mapm 1932 8. 

«05auHMTeribHoe 3aiuiKweHne no aeny 122613 o 
weneranbHoti KOHTppeBontomnoHHOH apraHwaitHH nn- 
TepaTopoB XM6npcKan Spurafla". 

©opMyna o6enHeHnn Orny/inKananpOBaHa wene- 
ranbHas aHTucosercKaR rpynna "Cn&upCKaq 6pnrafla\ 
coa/iaHHafi rpynnoii cmSmpckmx nwTepaTOpOB. oceBiunx 
B MocKBe rpynna CTaanna CBoeH 3a,aa4eii lUMpoxyio 
aHTucoBeTcny© aiwamno. b^3cthoc™. aHTwcoseTCKyo 
nponaraHfly nepes xyAOwecTBeHHO-JiMTepaTypHbie npo- 
n3BeaeHnn o6pa6oTxy n aHTwcoBeTcxoe aocnwTaHMe 
MonofleM<n m BpawAeSHwx k coeanac™ cnoeB. pacueHH- 
BaeuuHxcH ksk sktmb aHmcoBercKOro asMttenun 



B Ka^ecTee nepeoro 3Tana Ha nym k cpaujn3ai4nn 
CCCP rpynna BbWBiirana coaflanne HeaasucuMoti 6enoM 
CmSmpm. Maes Gefioti Cw6npn nopowaana xy/ibT Konna- 

KOBuiMHw n Kormaxa xax npeABeCTHMxa n rpnflytuero 

flMKTaTOpa 03UJMCTCKOM POCCMW 

Flo ftaHHOMy fleny cyay rtpeaawrcH cneflyiotuwe 
riMua: Ahob HHKonaii MBaHoauM, 3a6ennH EBreHMii Hvt- 
nonaeenM. MapKOB Cepreii Hn«onaeBW4. MapTbiHoa Jle- 
OHHfl HMKonaeBHs, BacvinbeB rtaBen HwxonaeBHM, Mep- 
HowopueB flea HnKonaeakw - nwHHbiw cociae Komppe- 
sontounOHHOvi rpynnbi ~Cn6npcKas 6pnrafla"» 



EareHMH HuptonaesHH 3a5enMH poawjiCH m Bbipoc s 
ceMte CBfliueHHOcnywuTenn H3-3a caoero nponcxo>*fle- 
Hun a nonnoM Mepe ucnbiran Ha ce6e eceB03wo>KHbie 
nofl03peHH« \a orpaHweHun B nepBOM nonosMHe Tpn£- 
uaTbix rofloa 3a6ennH no HenenoMy o6eHHeHnto own 
cocnaH wa pyccxvw Cesep A nocne Kpyra nepBoro. b 
TpnAuaTb ceflbMOM, - cHoaa cyfl w narepb y Mara.ua Ha, 
Taw oh m nom6 Pea6nnnTi4pOBaH nocMepTHO HacTOs- 
man ero cpaMnnmi CaBKMH. ho e**y npmunocb cratb 
EareHneM 3a5ennHbiM. Oh He ocTaavin nocne ce6n hm 
oxihom KHHrw - ToribKO ctuxm. pasSpocaHHbie no raaeTaM 
OMCKa n Bonorabi wypnanaM n anbMaHaxaM Mockbu, 
HoBocvt6npCKa. ApxaHreribCtca. 8 1990 roay b OMcue 
Butuna KHMra ctmxob EareHkin 3a6enwHa «flont>iHb» 



POCCHfl 

XBaTdB HaKnneBiuero3e.iba. 
YaapHBCTaKaHOM octo.i. 
Tomhtc» OHa ot noxMe.ibs. 
};up;iK K}\i;iMuBuii ntuu.i. 
H poT npHnacKv^H^a pBora, 
BauiK> ia-ioMHB HaoeKpeHb. 
Kto BbiMa^ajiaerreM BopoTa 
KypHocbixee^epeaeHb? 
He ohtji BCTpenaeTCH c oaTefi - 
To xjiemeTca tooKa b KpoBH. 
«Hy, jeBKa. Tenepb 3a6pioxaTHM. 
Hy. aeBKa, Tenepb He peBH ! » 
Tbt.Pycb.necTpoKpbLiaa rrrHua, 
BbicTpefi SyoeHUOM otcbohh. 
Te6ji 0KTfl6pH,TH.cpaMHnua. 
HeKiicTCKwe hohm h rhu. 

1930(?) 



KAPTA- Nt43-« aooa 



4 BD38PAU|EHHblE HMEHA 



115 



JOPUM 4>EOKTHCTOB 

1913-1977 



K3pnM HMKonaeeMM ©eoKTuciOB 6onee neTBepTw 
Be«a 6bin rnSBHbiM xyao*HWKOM Psiwcxoro TeaTpa pyc- 
ctcoii apaMw Mkotmm naMHTHbi cosaannbie mm cueHn- 
necKne peweHwn cneKraiaieCi «Kopo/ib Jlnp» n «Ma*- 
5eT» lileKcnnpa, «BocKpeceHne» Toncroro, «HenoBeK 
n3 JlaMaHMMi) AapuoHa. »<KaBKa3CKnii MenoBoii Kpyr» 
Bpe>cra, 

C Lienor patpua - CMHTeTHHecKoe HCKyccrrBO. m neno- 
aeK, nocBBTHaujuM ceon sTouy aeriy aon>KeH 5biTb He 
TonbKo xy/)o>KHMKOM. ho b KaKOM-To Mepe n atiTepOM II 
pewviccepoM, n aaxe no3Tow lOpiiki HHKonaesuM Kate 
Henb3n nyMLue cooTBeTCTBOsan BceM stum TpefiOBaHH- 
am. Oh yx:e b paHHew hdhocth Hana/i nucaTb ctwxh 
nySnMKOBancfl noswe saHHMancn nepeBOflaMM. flepe- 
BOflun Caweaa Bypryna, CaneHa Ceii0ynnnHa. 6 1935 
r b MocKBe e n3flaTeribCTBe «Academia» Bbiwen c6op- 

HHK M36paHHbtX COMMHeHMK HH3 PaKHMCa. S KOTOpWM 

bouj/im 12 nepeBefleHHbix hm CTMxOTBOpeHMM. 



B Hanane 30-x roaoB K). H. OeoKrwcTOB y^M/ica b 
MocKBe b apaMaTM^ecKofl cry ami noA pyxosoacrBOM A. 
JLV flHxoro B KOHLie kohuob pewMn ciaTb xyaowniiKOM 

riOCTynMn B MHCTHTyT MM. CypHKOBa. A riOTOM. . . flOTOM 

oh pa3fle/inn cyab6y MHorux mmjuiwqhob cbomx corpa*- 
AaH, no nowHOMy o6mNMMM0 6bin ornpaBxieH b cn6np- 
CKwe narepn. 3aTeM - Bofma Bo BpeM« cpaweHwn Ha 
KypcKoii ayre oh nonaaaer b rvieH. H CHOBa narepn, 
renepb ywe HeMeuKwe ManeHbKne vt Sonboine. Ha poa- 
HOii seM/ie h Ha HyjKOii. Ilocne bomhw KD. H. OeoxTKCTOB 
cran paSoTaTb b Pure. M mmbhho 3aecb oh o6pen, 
HaKOHeu, aoM, ceMbto. nioBwMyio paSory. roaw. npowM- 
Twe b Pure cTajiii caMWMK nnoaoTBopHbJMw h cnacTjiM- 
BbiMH b *h3hh lOpuft HwKonaeanLia 

HecMOTpn Ha ace HeB3roaw, BbinaBLUMe Ha ero 
aonK), oh ao KOHua anew ocrraBancfl o^eHb CBernbiM, 
>Kii3Henio6iiabiM senoaeKOM 

Taucufi <J>eoKmucmoea 



noBEr 



K nojoiiJBaM rop h k 6epera\i 03ep 

B eerpax npnooft cepeopaHofi no;tbiHH . . . 

Xiecb Ka\iHii KpoLuarcs. 

Kak* 3\6bl jpeBHHX TOp. 

HacKa.iaxcHer. noMeTAanyxop.iHHbiti. 
A b TpaBax CH3bix - KpacHbie ubctki. 
KaK KpOBM Kan.™ Ha mexe HeSpHtoR. 
CvpoBo Bee. M xoMeTca, htoo tu 
'3.iccb CHOBa Ha3bi aaiiacb MaprapHTOH. 
TlycTb He poviaujKH. a no.iwHHayx 
B K\apHXTBOHX LuanbHWXH.ierKHxopoaHT. 
IlycTb 6\ aet nxioc tboh ibchsiu h c\-x. 

rhCTbpbiaceR MO.THneR BlOBblOTCJIOpOBH. 

Hx c\ viacLueamnH oeujeHbiH H3.iom. 
KaxcHMBo.i nepso^aanHOCTM HCTpacTH. 
Teofl OTVietHT. Mii-iafl. h 3aoM 

HeMCIOBCHeCKHM .IHIIOTBOe \ KpacHT... 
Si BM)K\ : XHHsHHa. KOUiaHHH r.ia3j1VHbI. 

KaK cTpyHKa .ibiwa - oejiaa jopoacka, 

M CMOTpRT BXH5KHH_VCKBO3by3K0e0K0LUK0 

UBeiy c\iepTe.nbno-6.ieaHOH 6e.ieHbi ... 
1932 



CojiHue c BeTpoM. JlerKOK) noxoaKoio 
MapT noAxo,iHT k mocmv okhv. 
3aTtopeMH0H nepHoto pemeTKoio 
H BCTpe4aio MHjiyw BecHV. 

H. CKJioHKCb naa p>KaB4HHoft peineTOHHoH, 
Cn btiuy a hh\to km3h b Baajm 

H .30B.1IO CKB03b MpaK H CMpa, r l HaXOTOHHblH 

3anaxM pa36y*eHHOH aeum. 
O Bee Ha. ncupyra cHHeoKas. 

KaK CTpaiUHbl ^'6,3630 h rpaHHT. 

KaK \Hbt.io eepaue o.iHHOKoe 

3a JBOHHOJO K-ieTKOK) CT>'HHT... 



wowkBTtaorg 



10G 



4 B03BPAU|CHHhlE HMEHA 



BJlAflHMHP CBHA3MHCKMP1 



1885-1941 



PoflHJicn Bnaa«Mnp Cbh43mhckhh 8 okth6ph 1885 
rofla b cene Man hub BuHHuuKoro yeaAa DoAonbCKOii 
ryoepHnii (Hbiwe TbiBpOBCKnii patioH Bhhhhlikoh o6nac- 
tm) BnaawMwp cnanana y^wics a TbiapoBCKoii 6ypce. a 
33TeM b KaweHeu-rioAonbCKoii ceMwnapwH (He okoh- 
m*n no 6one3HH) Co BpeMeHeM nonyHun sKOHOMMnec- 
Koe o6pa3oeaHne b Kmsbckom KOMMepnecKOM MHCTMTy- 
Te (1906—1913). 

B 1912 rofly NcypHan «yKpanHCbKa xaia» Hanena- 
Tan nepBoe CTHXOTBopeHne CBn,Q3HHCKoro. T6M ne Me- 
nee nepBbtii cSopHH^eK «JlipMHHi noe3i'f» ottom nyorw- 
KauwH oTflenneT uenoe flecnTnneT«e: oh aainpOBaH 

1922-M. 3Ta TatlHCTBeHHOCTb TBOpMeCKOM nMHHOCTM 

CflnasMMCKoro o6pena ucrormoBaHMe y Bacnn« CTyca 
Kax «cnoco6 6/iaropOflHOii repMeTusauMw co6crBeHHo- 
ro ayxa»... «B stom nosMqwM, — nmueT CTyc, — cahh- 
cTBeHKoe ero cnacewie m Haaeiwa »a BbtwueaHne 
3aMKHyrt>cH, HTo6bi coxpawMTbcn CTaTb HeaaMeTHbiM, 

MT06b> HS 0UJK6WTbCH B C06CTBeHHOM CyTW OTCTpaHMTb- 
CH, MT06bJ He 6blTb COyMaCTHH»COM...» 

TaKas noatiyMH, oflHaKo. ofipexana ero Ha msao- 
6poi«e/iaTenbHOCTb KptmiKM, a 3to, b ceoio onepeflb. 
saTpyAHfirio bwxoa k wrarensiM. H nepsas khmkio 
«jlipnnHi noesiiw. m BTopafi. «BepeceHb» (1927) aacny- 



wmfih ynpeKn n npopa6oTKy 3a «naeanwGTHMecKoe mm- 
p0BO33peHne», 3a «6ecnepcneKTHBHoe 6ypxcya3Hoe 
MMponOHMMaHne». HeyAUBMTenbHO noaroMy, hto rpe- 
Tb« ttHMMxy ot STOpow oTAenflKJT uenwx 13 neT. HTO 
AfiMTenbHoe apeMA host nwcan. no ero Bbipa*eHwo, 
nuiub Ann ce6n h ana AO^ypxH — He nwcatb He Mor 

B XapbKOBe Cbma3hhckhh b Te4eHwe MHorwx nei 
paSoran noppexTopoM. noroM JiMTepaTypHbiM peaaKTO- 
pom b *cypnane «MepBOHwti ujnnx» (c 1936 roAa — 
«DiTepaTypHHw *ypHan») Boo )KH3Hb CMMiwan yrnbi m 
6eAcraoBa/i. C6opHnx 1940 toab «noe3ti» 0K33ancs 
nocneAHUM npn*n3HeHHbiM b cneAyKHASM roAy a Hana- 
ne bomhw, no3T norn6 

KorAa HeMeuKwe Botfcua npn6nn3wnncb I Xapbxo- 
sy, HKBfl npeAnpHHnn Bbi6opo^Hwe apecrw Tex wtrre- 
new, xoxopwe eme He 38aKynpOBanncb.CBHA3MHCKMw 
TaKwe nonan noA 3Ty oonaBy Ero BMecTe c ApynMM 
HacunbHO 3BaKyttp0BaHHbiMM ma/in doa kohbobm na 

BOCTOK, a nOTOM CO)Krni4 3aJ*HBO B KaKOM-TO crpoeHMM 

MewAy KynHHCKOM n CTapbiM CariTOBOM. 

Mj cmambti doxmopa fpunonoeuuecKux «ay*r 

3neoH0pbi Conoaeu «Hey3HaHHuu soc/nt. cydbfia u 

Hacnedue BnaduMupa Caud3UHcxo3o» 



KOJIHYH 

Ha6o.ie.TH v jepeB3a jOjirHfi jcHb, 
Ha6o.ie.iH ro.ioBbioToyRHoro ujyMa: 
ByujyeTHajHHMH nopuBHCTbifi Betep. 
y>K HOHb Ha aBope, a HeTy hokoji ... 
«Hy-Ka. cBepMOK, nenb crepe ra, 
TeMHbix6oroB.AbiMHbiecTpyH. 
3 )Ke nofuy Berep nporHatH». 
B bi xoaht H3 xaibi apsxji bi H ae^iOK: 
O rope, rope, - He chhtch ^cm.ic 
Ta>KKOCKpHnHTCTapbiH >KypaBe.7b. 

BeTpSKTpSCeTCyXHMH KOCTHMH, 
PopeCTHOCTOHeTKOpHBafl Bepoa: 

Cepjueee ayn;iopacKo;ioAo! 
Ulenner aejoK KOjiAOBCKMe ciOBa, 
FIoabiMaeT jieaoK Heao6pbie pvkh; 
C\BaTHTb3apora neyeMUMfi BeTpH-io. 
Betep. HTo6biK, pora BbipbiBaer, 
TbineT b rpyjb co ciobom r.i\M,THBbiM: 

Mepmcu bo ipocie. KaMCHi, b si,<pe. 
Teoe 6w. ciapoMy. Bpa^yMMTbcsi, 
/ia b BepSeayn^HCTOH cxopoHHTbcn. 
ByaeT te6e tsm cjiasno ctohth. 
Horr»MH-KorTflMn rpecTH-nojrpeoaTH. 
Th H.10H Tpyxoio luyptuaTH . 

I. VII. 1934 

flepesod H. laxaposou 



•KAPTA' M 43-44 2005 



4 B03BPAU|EHHblE HMEHA 



107 



J1EB KBMTKO 

1890-1952 



flea (Jlew6) Kbmtko poaMncn b 1 890 roay b Mecren Ke 
TonocKoa flo/ionbCKOM ry5epHMM. CewbH wnna went 
6eAHO, no3TOMy 6yaymeMy no3Ty c ASTcrna npMwnocb 
pa60TaTb. Ctmxh Hawan nnca-n> c ABeHaAua™ neT. PaH- 
Nue CTMxoTBOpeHHfl Kbhtko. BOLueawMe b ero nepByio 
KHwry «Trit» (1919), npoHMKHyTw poMaHTMnecKMMM Ha- 
crpoeHUflMH B 1921 roay 3MnrpnpoBan, wwn b BepniiHe 
n raM6ypre, rae pa6oTan b cobctckom TOproBOM npea- 
craBHTenbCTBe 

Bon Ha neTntoposmnHbi saxjiecTHyBiijafl Kpoabio 
yKpaviHy, OTpa3nnacb a Tsop^ecTBe Kbmtko khmtoh ctm- 
xob « 1 9 1 9» pucyiOLUH)! wyiKMe nepe»HBaHns norpoMOB 
B 1925 roay aepnyncn a COBercKMW Coroa flpKOM ot/im- 
MMTefibHOM nepTow, xapairrepMayioineii see TaopwecTBO 
Kbmtko. nsnaeTca cBoeo6pa3Ha« ycraHOBxa Ha napoa- 

HOCTb. CK33blB3IOLU3[?CS K3K B peMeBOM CTMXMM n03T3. T3K 

m a nocTpoeHMM o6pa30B 

Ctmxm JlbBa Kbmtko nepeaeaeHbi Ha MHorwe s3wkh 
EMy ripMnaanewMT Taxwe paa nepeBOflOB c yxpanHCKO- 
ro, 6enopyccKOro m apyrwx aswkob 



«.. Buecre co cbommm KOnneraMM no AHTwdpawwc- 
TCKOMy eBpeuacoMy KOMnTeTy JleB Kbmtko TBOpwn ao6po 
Ann ecero Boiotomero c cpawM3MOM OTe^ecTsa Mor nn oh 
3Han>, mto ero aoSpo 5yAeT wecTOxo noKapaHO. 3Han nM 
ok. 4TO npon30waeT flwpcpysun cpaLUH3Ma m b caMbix 
OMep3MTenbHwx (JjopMax aHTnceMMTw3Ma oh MCnbnaer 
ee ewecre c HapoAOM, k KOTopQMy npMHaane>KviT. Hcnw- 
TaBiuMM ao peBoriKiMMM aHTMceMMTM3M Ha ynpaMHe, b 
Poccmm, a TaKiKe a TepMaHMM flea Kbmtko b peaynbTare 

KaunaHMM DOpbBbl C KOCMOnOTlMTM3MOM. pa3BB3anHOM 8 

KOHue 40- x roaoB, 6bi/i apecTosaH b 1949 roay aMecre c 
jiyMiuMMn npeaCTaBMTennMM coBeTCKOM eBpeMCKOM xynh- 
Typw 

MHOrMe npon3Beaen^n JlbBa Kbmtko b pyxonwew 
6binn 3a6paHbi npM apecTe m nponariM. Ta«KM o6pa30M, 
Hawe 3HaHMe noaTa HenoriHO, HeaocrraTonHO CKasano, 
hto pyxonMCM He ropsrr He ropuT, ho mx apecroewBaiOT, 

MX yHMHTO>KaiOT [InaHbl n03T3 6blJlM 06lUMpHW. >KM3Mb 

flbBa Kbmtko TpawecKM oSopsanacb 12 aBrycra 1952 
roaa. Oh Bbin yfiMT a ^Mcne apywx BwaHbix aeflTenew 
eBpeMCKOM KynbTypw Oh 6bin nocMepTHo peaBMnwTM- 
poaaH m np»3Kan HeBMHOBHbiM. VHMHTO)KeHne Taxoro 
Henoaexa — npecTynneHMe nepeA HenoBeHecraoM». 

flee 03epoe 



TPEBOfA 



TKIPEMHblH POMAHC 



ERc:ibiiunTCfl:5eccoHHHiia — comhok), 
M HenpepbiBHo BcyMpaKe hohhom 

KpOBaTbCKpHnMT H XOaHTXO^VHOM... 

"O nesi oh jyviaeT - moh mhtimh? 

O naoxoM? 
TpeBoracepaueia.iH.ia BoaHoto. 
Ee Bo.iuieDHbiH coh onoaeaaeT. 
TaKitvi 6bi c.ia;iKH\t chom 3a6biTbca viHe! 
CMbiKaer oh r.ia^a. vcTa CMbiKaeT. 
Ho Horn CaMHTCIO noaHHMaiOT 
H om\ nbKi ee,i\T ee ko mhc 
H n«Tb marOB a.m cHa -iiaaeKHR nyrb. 
H. no,i> cnmnaH. K Moefi nocTciH 
Ona noaKojHT. npoHiHOCHre.ie: 
"Tbi noHHMaeuib. HeMor> 3acH\Tb!" 
Ona noHTH hto bcoh norpj^KeHa. 
Ee 6-iaA-eiiCTBO orabixa 30bct, 
Ho mhc OHa cboh" coh nepeflaet... 
H 3acbinaK>. BoapcTByeT OHa. 

J 947 

flepeeod M Ceemioea 



HeT. MH.ibiMjpyr. 

\ IC iHIIICIl.lil HUM 

/iBeph Moioxo.ioacKOBan no yr.iaM. 
M BbipBaTbcfl TpyaHO. nosepb mhc. 

noBepb mhc... 
M TW He SBiaflcH cerojHH. moh apyr! 
TocTflTy Menji THUiHHa h laoeeHbe. 
M Bcep^ueoT ropbKHx npeimBCTBuii ncnyr. 

Mb] BCTpeTHMCfl 33BTpa... 

A m oxter Gbirt. noixte. 
Koraa 3acBepKaeT Ha .iHCTbax poca. 
Koraa 3acHaeT BOKne aeHb noro>KMH 
H co.iHue 3arnaneT b ivia3a. 
npHjeujb h pa3BeeuibTbi rsxcKne flVMbi. 
MjBcpbpacnaxneTCflBpa36\xceHHbiHcaa. 
H6yaeT moh roaoc Bece.ibiM h iohmm. 
H HexcHocxbioSy^eT-nyMHTbcs moH B3raiu. 
HeT.MH.ibiRapyr. 
He Hh.iHMcH renepb - 

XciOilOM /nOTbIM 3aKOB3Ha JBepb... 

1952 

flepeeod JI. 0pyxmuana 



*■« MM >: 



1D8 



4 B03IPAUPIME HMEHA 



flABMA rOOLUTEHH 

1889-1952 



flaBHfl HayMOBMM RHpurreMH poA*incn e r.Kopocrbi- 
oteee (HbiHe WnTOMupcuafl o6n ) e ceube aewneaenbua 
y^Mncn b xeaepe m y HacTHwx yumeneH a HeTepGypre n 
KweBe. Bo BpeMfl cnyw6bi b apMMM (1912-13 rr ) axcTep- 
hom cAan 3K3aMeHbi aa xypc rMMHsaMM. Hs-aa npoueHT- 
hom HopMbi He 6wn npMHHT ayMMBepcmeT m nocrynHn b 

KM6BCKHM KOMMepMeCKUM MHCTKTyT. 

Ctuxm rotpuneiiH nucan c fleesTn ner: b Harare Ha 
nBpviTe, noaflHee raioKe Ha pyccKOM m yKpawHCKOM «bi- 
xax. c 1909 r. - wa mam we. 

OKTR6pbCKyK) peBO^lOLlMK) n03T BOCflpUHfln KaK 

BonnoLueHne6M6ne«CKnxnflea/ioacnpaBeanMBOCTM KaK 
MaSaBfieHwe eapeea or HauviOHanbHoro meTa. B 1920 r. 
ro0uiTeiiH nepeexan s MocKBy. 6bin oahmm ms peflaxTo- 
poB eweMecflMHHto «LUTpow» («rioTOK») EapeiicicMMM 
norpoMaMw Ha YupaMHe {1918-19 rr.) 6binn HaeeaHw 
npOHMKHyrwe rHeBOM h 5onbK> ctvixotbopohhh «yxpan- 
Ha» m «Tristia», Botiiefliune b c6ophhk «Tpoep» (K, 1922; 
unntocTpauMw M UJarana) 

nonBneHwe c6opHHKa «JlnpMK» («nnpnKa», 1923) 
BbiABHHyno P, To0iiiTewHa b mhc/io npnaMWHx noaioa 
CCCP. 3opxoe BMfleHbe npnpoaw m wMpoxwe (pMnocotJ)- 
acne o6o6LneHnn opraHM^wo c/imtm a ero cTwxax c 3aay- 
LueBHOcTbio HenocpeacTBeHHo BwpajtceHHoro nyBCTaa. B 
PBbhom Mepe snpTyo3HO Bnaaen tmaccMHecKMM m cbo- 
6oflHWM ctmxom, rcxpwreMH oSorauian mx SHeprwHHbiM 
Phtmom. caowhom cudeMoii accoHancoB h sHyTpeHHux 
pwcpM. 

B 1924 r. fo0u!TeMH noAnncanco noA npcrrecTOM 
npoTMB roHeHMii Ha mbpwt, 3a htq 6btn OTCTpaHeH ot 
peflaKTHposaHHfl «LUTpoMa» (acKope saKpwr) B 1927 r 
noaT 6 bin loopan a 6(opo eBpeMCxoii cenuMM 8ceyKpann- 
cxoro coi03a nponeiapcxnx nMcarenew, b 1928-m cian 
nreHOM peflKonjierHM ee xcypHana «riponMT» 



BxoHue 1929r rocpwTeMH6bino6BMHeHB«MenKo- 
6yp«ya3Hbix B3rnnAax» M3-aa necornacnn c KaMnaHMet*. 
pa3BepHyTOH npoTue II Kbmtko, m ncKjiKmen «3 nnca- 

Te/1bCKOrO COK333 BO BpeM» BTOpOM MMpOSOM BOMHbi H B 

nepBbie roAbt nocne nee l~oo>wTeMH atn-MBHO coTpyflHu- 
nan a EepewCKOM aHTMCpawMCTCKOM KOMWTeTe m espew- 
CKOti ceKMMM Coi03a eepeiiCKHx niicareneM riepeBOflwn 
na nflHiu riyujKHHa, LUesneHKO. PycraaenH, cob6tckmx 
nosTOB. 6 ceHTflBpn 1948 r oh 6bin apecToean v\ 12 
aBrycra 1952-ro paccrpenflH no Aeny EAK 

«... 8 Kowue nHBapfl 1953 roaa, xorAa a Swna oAHa 
b KBapTupe. ko MHe eopeanncb weens 4enoBett: ynpae- 
aom, ABopHMK, npeACTaBMTenb cyaa. npeACTaBtrrenb 
nncaTenbCKoii opraHH3aunn h aboo pa6oMnx. Ohm no- 
Tpe6oBanw OHMCTvrrb oflHy KOMHaxy, nananw uiBbipsib 
Mlip, 

- Mto Bbi Ae^aere? 

-OcBo6o!»waeM KOMHaTy 3Aect *nn Bpar HapoAa. 
- cxa3an npeACTaBwTerib cyaa. 

- Mto bu roBOpwTe? Mto 3a spar wapoAa 9 BeAb eme 
Her npnrOBopa! 

- Kto cxa3an, uto hot? Ecn.! 

Oh AOCTan W3 nopT0enn SyMary , ecran Ha cepeaw- 
ny KOMHarw n Topx<ecTBeHHo, cnoBo 3a cnoBOM. npo^n- 
Tan npuroBOp cyaa. 

TaK R, eAHHCTBeH«a*t m nnenoB cewew nucaTenew. 
y3Hana 06 yxacHOM npuroBope HwnoMy na Hac. mcoh. 
otpHuwanbHo 06 3tom hmkto He coo6mnn ao Hon6pn 
1955 roaa Bhahmo, KrB Hac "Luaflwn". Ho y npaBnenwH 
Coiosa nHcaienen HeSbino caHTWMeHTOB HTo6bi OTHtn-b 
y M6HH xoMMaTy noSbiCTpee, ohm nonyMH/iM M3 KFB 
kohmio npMrOBopa». 

M3 KHU3U eOCnOMUH8HUU 

(DeQsu ro0wmeuH. edoebi noama. 






> I PO 



K MOHM JBepHM 

CHeacHHOK HaMejio, 

Oah>ko^hoh. — 

H bot vac ropKa cnera, 

H bot yxe KpyroM 6ejibiM-6ejro 

OTMceMHyra, 

HHcnoc,iannoro He6oM. 

Bcxaa h B03^yx 

Tk>t. npaj>T chokok 

I! Ma K3HB> 

lOiaayr \3op )Ke mh>^kh bi h. 

H KajtcabiHoe;io-rojiy6oHCTeiKOK 

3eM.ie a He6y hccomhchho HyateH. 

H BOT YMG 

Be.ibiM-eejiaayuia. 



PaCKpblTM HaCTOKb 

M ma3a h cepjue... 

KaK3TaropKacHeraxopoma. 

BiyMaHenapa, 

Bone hoboh ,iBepubi ! 

A TaM, 

TcinoioBwRafl HanpocTop. 

Cnfliomne BnepBo^aaHHOM r.iflHue. 

Ctoht rpOMaabi HacTosmux rop. 

PoHflfl c n^ien 

JlaBHHbl 
CHOKHblX MaHTHH. 

Ffepeeod A.3(j>poH 



KAPTA' m 43-44 2005 






4 BDSBPAUPHblE MMEHA 



109 



* * * 

XlwxaHMe BCCHbl 

MeHfl srbsl KOCHy.iocb... 

O hvjo H3 nyaec! Te6fl hh o6i>5ichjo 

Te\l. HTO 3CMJT8 
MvTbO.IHJKe 

K cojihuv 
noBepnyjiacb? 
Her \iepbi y \ieH5i. 

HtOO CHJiy HVBCTB H3MepHTb. 

HeT\ \ieH5i BecoB, 
Mtoou Ha mix npOBepHTb 
Tot CBei 
VI to Teniio, 

KaKHMHflo6l>JIT! 

il3Haio.3Hii]b: 

Ot T«roT bccx H36aBJieH, 

OTBcex nperpax 

TaKoft cBo6onbi 

H ee hctokob 

MHecjTbJicHa: 

HacTa.ioyTpo rcxaa, 

npiiut.iaBeciia! 

Ilepeeod A. 3(fipon 



* * * 

JItooaa n»nb 3eM.iH HueT 

npHcrajibHoro Rirnxna. 
H KVHKa Mycopa. M TeHb. H yrcM tcmhwh. 
Hto b oeTKy lanep.tn naBa.iennue ope ana. 
Torja u nbi.ibHwfl xjiaM m H.ieR uBereHbs cafla. 
MHnen.HeM ropoamv'MHbiH. 

npa3JHHHHblR, OrpOMHWH. 

fl HbiHHenOHHMaiocHOBa: 
Jltooajinjiab3eM.iH 

uueT npnCTa.ibHoro B3r.isua. 
H bo BjiajeHbe Nine 3ano XHBoe cjiobo. 
iLifl neceH a positaeH, hhoto mhc He Hajio. 

Ilepeeod P. fwadype 



Hctomhmkm ny6nnKaumV 

Man XapHK. Ctmxm m no3Mt.t M , CoBeTCKMw nncaTent>. 195B 

AneKcaitap BseaencKMM. llonHoe C06p com BflByx TOiwax M , Tunen, 1993. 

EBreHMM 3a6e/iMH. >KypHan «Haiu coBpeMenHMK», Na 6. 2000. 

(OpMM OeoKTMCToe. >Kypnan «flayraaa», Ne6. 1990. 

BononMMMpCBJn3JHCbKMM. Tboci y jbox TOMax KneB, «KpMTMKa», 2005 

Hea Kbmtko. M36paHMoe, M., XyflOwecTBeHHaa JiwTepaTypa, 1990. 

flaeMfl ro(J)UJTeMH. CTUxoTsopeHMB M Xyflo*ecTBeHHafl DMTepaTypa 1970. 



Hodsomowa mencma u ecmynumenbHan cmambft BnaduMup XoriMoaopCKuu 




mm --t"- Vfl 



110 



4 B036PAII|EHHblE MMEHA 






«HECy>KAEHOOTyHACTMHAMCKPblTbCfl...» 

EBreHww 3AXAP0B 




XapbKOBCKaa npaeoaa- 
tynTHas rpynna noAroTo- 
enna k ne^aTM 6nrtnHrBy 
BacuriH dyca - nyQfiMxa- 
uyi\o nepBow hbcth «l~la- 
JiHMncecTOB» Ha yxpanH- 

CKONI H pyCCKOM S3blK3X (B 

nepesofle MapneHbi Pax- 
/imhok). C«opo 3to naaa- 
Hue. rfle Bnepawe 5yAyr 
npeACTasneHbi b tokom 
o6i>eMe ctmxm Cryca Ha 

PyCCKOM H3blKe. yBHflUT 

ceei, 

nepeBofl 6bm cAenaH a xc-Hue 90-x roAOB no KHes- 
CKOMy M3flaHMio 1992 roaa «BiKHa b no3anpocTip», rae 
6wna HanenaTaHa nepean nacTb «nannMncecTOB», 
ccpopMnposaHHafl noaroM a MaraaaHCKOii ccwme. - 
1 66 CTwxoTBOpeHnti nanncaHHbix e aaKnioMeHMH B 1 972- 
1977 rr npefl/iaraeM BHUMaHHto Hawwx MWTaTeneii He- 
cuojibKo nepeBOflOB M3 stom khm™. Ho BHanane He- 
CKonbKO cnoa o noaTe 

BacH/ib dye poAMflcn 6 HHBapn 1938 r b cejie 
PaxHUBKa BmHHMUKoii oSnacTM. Mepe3flea roAa ceMbfl 
nepee3*aeT b floHeuix, rae b 1954 r. 6yaymnM noaT 
3aK3HHneaeT cpe^Hioio wKony. 3aTeM yxpaKHCKoe ot- 
AeneHwe ncropMKO-cpMnonorMMecKoro (paxynbTeTa flo- 
HeuKoro neawHCTHTyra Doc/ie OKOH^aHMH wHCTMTyra a 
1959 r npenoflaean yKpanHCKwiS n3bw m nmepaTypy s 
TayjKHflHCKow ujKO/ie KwpOBOrpaACxOM 06/1, noTOM ABa 
ro/ia cnywHn b apwiMH na ypane. Flo oKOHHaHHn cnyatfjbi 
b apMMti CTyc Heaonro pa6oTan HcypHarmcTOM B 1963 
r oh nocTynun b acnwpamypy HHCTHTyra jiHTepaTypw 
AH YCCP. c 1964 rofla paSoTan b rocyaapCTBeHHQM 
ncTopwHecKOM apxuBe YKpawHw B yxpaMHCKHX wypHa- 
nax neHaTatoTC* ero cthxw u nHTepaTypHO-KpwTWHec- 
xwe ciaTbH 

nocneapMeQcKuu nepuod 6bin nepuodoM noasuu 
3mo 6bina 3noxa nacmepHaxa u 6e30snndHo 6o/ibu/afl 
rmQoeh x neMy. Causae Sonbuie ecex rnodnto reme. 
Ceud3UHcxo3Q (o CeudsuHCKOM cm. cmp. 106- ped.) 
PunbKe Cnaenbie umanbnmtbi fmo. vmo 3Haio). Oco- 
Sbhho - YHaapemmu, Kea3uModo. Eu+e nioSjito «ayc- 
myiou nposy - Toncmoao, XeMUHBysa. Cmecpanuxa. 
ripycma, KaMio. QonxHepa. . HoamoM ce6a we cvumato 
Cwmato ce&9 venoeeKOM, Komopbiu nuutem cmuxu. 
Hexomopbie U3 hux - icax no M«e - cmommie. - nmcan 
oh b oSpaLyeHHM k HMTare/iK) e 1969 rofly. 

4 ceHTflBpfl 1965 r. b nepenojiHBHHOM 3ane kmho- 
Teaipa «YKpanHa» nocne Toro, KaK Mbbh flsioSa coo5- 
U4M/1 06 apecTax cpeflu yKpawHCKoi* KHTennwreHUHH (b 
KOHue aarycrra apecTOBano 6o/iee 20 MenoBeK- nosroB. 
xyaOKHUKOB, ny6nw4MCTOBHT.,Q-). dye c MecTa rpoMKO 
CKasan: «Kto npoTMB Tvipannn - BCT3HbTe!» n nepBbtM 
BCTan 



EssbhuO 3axapoe - npedcedament, XapwoecKou npaeo- 
3auiumHoQ apynnbi. 



3tot aeHb - cpaTanbHbiti b 6norpa(pnn noaTa H He 
TonbKo noroMy. mto BtJieflcrene sioro nocrrynKa ywe 20 
ceHTn6pa CTyca MCKfiKiMawT H3 acnwpaHTypw w 33T6M 
yBOflbHJIKJT H3 gpXHBa Bbl^epKHBatOT cSopHMK «3hmobi 

Aepeea» («3nMHne aepeBbs») w3 naAaTenbcxwx nna- 

HOB «PaflHHbCKOro nHCbM6HHHKa», yCTaH3BnMBaiOT 33 

hmm Hafl30p Kr5 

OaTa/ibHoctb coctowt eme h b tom. 4to no crpan- 
HOMy cTeneHUKi o6cTOHTenbCTB. pOBH04epe3 20 neT, b 
HOMb na 4 cewflgpfl 1 985 roaa, Cryc no™6HeT b Kapue- 
pe nepMCKoro narepn ocoBoro pe^wMa. ne ao>khb, bos- 
mowho. HecKOJibKMx MeCHueB flo ocBo6o«fleHHH n noc- 
neaytoiueM nonHOii pea6MnnTan«M. 

B flBaaqaTb noeneflHux jieT jkh3hh noata yitnaflbi- 
Baercn HeMano eawHbix coSbunii BpaKoconeTaHne c 
BaneKTMHOrt rionenrox n po?KAeHne cwna flMHTpun. 
Bbixofl KHHrM cTuxoB «3nMHne flepeBb»» e Bpioccerbc- 
kom i43flaTenbCTBe (1970). cosaaHHe MHornx ctuxob m 
pfl^a 6necT»mnx nMTepaTypoBefl^ecKwx wccneflOBa- 

HMM, aKTHBHOe yM3CTOe B flHCCHfleHTCKOM flBHWeHMH 

Bee 3to npepwBaeT nepBWili apecT 12 HHBapH 1972 
rofla 

He cymdeno om yvacmu naM CKpbtmbcst, 

ydapun spo« - u cpa3y - xpyeoeepmb! 

Ben xu3Hb seepx Ohom. Tbi - ece. vmo Moxcem CHumtcft, 

xax CMepmonpo3fi6anbG, xusHBCMepmb. 

(«He cyxcdeno om yvacmu hum CKphimbCft...») 

CTycy MHKpMMUHMpOBann HanMcaHkse 1 4 ctmxotbo- 
peHMM n 10 npaBOaaoinTHbix v> nMTeparypHbix CTaiew 
Cpeflu hwx craTba-acce o TBopHecrrBe n TbiMHHbi «tl>e- 
HOMeHflo6n» («0>eHOMeH anoxn»), b kotopom nccneAy- 
eTCfl BnwflHwe naprmiHOCTw nuTepaTypbi n3 Teopne- 

CTBO. 

EMy HHKpMMUHnpoBann n cocTaeneHne s 1970 

CaMM3A3TCK0r0 cSopHKKa CBOHXCTMXOB«BeCeflHii 14BHH- 

Tap» («Becenoe KnaA6nme»), b kotopom penb uj^a «o6 
ycnoBMHx )km3hh coaercKMx niofleili o coMnanwcTHMec- 
ko« AeMOKpaTM«» n «bo3BOahtch KneBera na Meponpw- 
«tmh KnCC b cbh3m c npa3flH0B3HneM 100-neTnn CO 
AHft po>nfleHsiH ocHOBaienH coBeTcnoro rocyjaapcrBaw 
7 ceHTH6pn 1972 r. KtieBCKdia o6/iacTHoti cyfl ocy,qnn 
Cryca no ct 62 h 1 yK yCCP (aHa/ior cr 70 h.1 yK 
PCOCP) w npurOBopw^ k 5 roAawi narepew mk3 roflaM 

CCblJlKM. 

Cydeowwe npoueccbt 1972-73 az na VKpaune — 
amo cydbt Had Mbtcnbto. Had csmum npoueccoM Mbiuj- 
neHUfi, Had nponeneHuriMu cbiHoaneu mo6eu x csoeuy 
napody, — nHcan Cryc b nwcbMe M3 narepa 

C cpeapana 1 973 roAa CTyc - b mopaosckmx nonn- 
TmecKuxnarepflx ConarepHHKCTycaMHxamiXewcpeLi 
xapaicrepM3y eT ero tsk: « Oh 6bm ropflbivi vi roHopucTbiw . 
xaK KKiTaiicKni* HMnepaTop ... C Ha^artbCTBOM n MenTaMM 
roBopwn tohom no6eanTenn m npoxypopa Ha 6yAymeM 
HiopHSeprcKOM npouecce, a KpacHonoroHHHxw 6binn 
Ann HeronpecTynHWKaMM.oxoTOpwxOHcoeiipaeTAaH- 
Hbie. >rro6bi noTOM nepeAaTb cyAy npaBAnsyro, xorb m 
He6ecnpncTpacTHy»o MHCpopMaqMion 

CTyc yvaCTBOBaJi bo Bcex nporecTHbix axminx 
no/iHT3awiKD^eHHbix B nucbMe ot 1 08.1975 8 I18C 









KAPTA- »*4J-44 200S 



4 BQ3BPAUPHblE HMEHA 



111 



CCCP oh 0TKa3btBaeTCfl ot cofieTCKoro rpa«A3HCTsa. 
nocKOntKy 8 3Toii crpane ero npaBa Menoaeica «Harno 
HapyiuaioTCRn. 

Oh MHoro nuiuer. nepeBOflUT Bpeun ot speMenn 
cthxm 3a6npann npn o6biGxax. B riHCbMe k flEH-KfiySy 
ot 1 1 ceHTflBpa 1 976 r CTyc npocwT npMHHTb Mepw m 
McnojibSOBaTb eecb asTopmeT stoia oprannsaun/ Ana 
cnaceHHH ero co^HHeHHW {jinpnHecKne cthxm. nepeeo- 

Abl -OKOflO 200 CTWXOTBOpeHMM TeTe M 1 00 CTHXOTBOpe- 
HHM PunbKB). 

Jlarepwan aflMUHncTpaunw ran (JsopMynnposana 
cboh npeTeH3nn k TBopnecTBy CTyca: «caMO npe6biBa- 
Hue aaTopa b 33Kntoue»vtvi moxcbt npn^aTb nupn^ecK/M 
TeKCTaiui noriMTimecKoe 3eyHaHne» 

11 HHBapn 1977 r. CTyca OTnpaBtmn aTanoM b 
ccw/iKy b nocenoK MaTpocoBO TenbKWHCKOro paiiOHa 
MaraflancKOM oCnacTii TaMOH paooran B aonoTOAoSw- 
Batomei* LUTonbHe. >Kun b o6me>KHTiin suecre c 6wb- 
ujumh yronoBHMKaMn CHHTb KOMHary eiuiy He pa3pewn- 
nn Dc-cne Tflwenaii TpaBMbi nonan s SoribHULiy rfle 
npoSbin 2 iwecnua 3a aro Bpeun na ero KOMnaTbi b 
oSmemviTVM nponano MHoro KHMr m pyxonnceti B Mecr- 
how ra3eTe o HeM ny5nnK0Bann 3Jio6Hb*e, nwuBbie CTa- 

TbH 

B aBrycTe 1979 r CTyc HaKoneu BoaBpaoiaeTCfl b 
KneB. Kax CKOpo BwacHHnocb - weHaAonro. M/ieH I1EH- 
K/iyBa (npHHaTB 1 978 r), HSBecTHbiii b EBpone n CoeflM- 
HeHHbix LilTaTax no3T He HaxoflUT Ha pofluHe hm Oflnoro 
rrpMCTOMHoro Mecra pafiOTbi 06 nafianMn KHurn u nuTe- 
paTypHoii paSore He npMXOflWTCn Aa*e Me^TaTb riosT 
c cepbS3HO noaopsaHHbiM SAopoBbeu i>3-3a s3Bbi y 
CTyca Bbipesanw b 1 976 roay b narepHOii SonbHMue Ase 
TpeTii jwenyAKa) BbmyjKAeH ycTpowTbcs na pa&OTy b 
n«TeMHb)M uexcpopMoaujuKOM c HawSonee hmskum paa- 
paQOM Oh TorwaeT snepeAw ce6n BaroHeTKn. Harpy- 

WeHHbie CTa/lbHblMM 60/1BaHKaMM 

B oicrsSpe 1979 r. noarr BcrynaeT b YKpaHHCKyio 
XenbCMHCKyra rpynny. ycTaHaa/iHBaeT cafl3b cnpasosa- 
ujnTHMKaMn b MocKBe h 3a rpaHnqei^ H ecmynun e 



wee, nomoMy nmo we mos una^e .... ncuxonoau^ecKu a 
noHUMan. 4/tjg mtopeMHaft petuemKa yxe omxpunacb 
dnn MeHft, vmo dnfiMu o«a 3aKpoemcn 2a mhou — u 
saxpoemcR nadomo Ho mnoadoiUKeHBhm denamb? . . 
ronoey csudamb « hb codupancn, mcMompa hu na 
wmo. 3a mhou cmoana YKpauna, ee yBHemeHHbiu wa- 
pod. 4ecm& xomopozo ft ebiHyxden omcmaueamb do 
CMepmu («H3 naaepHou mempadu». 1983 aj 

Ha ceo6ofle BacM/ib CTyc npoSbin uenbuje rcaa 
14 Man 1980 r ero apecTOBbisatoT bo BTopoA pas 
npuroaop, yM/TbJBan cocTonnne 3flopoabs noaTa, pa- 
BeH CMepTHOMy HaKaaaHnio p,ecwrt> ner aaxntoneHMn b 
narepe oco6oro pewwMa h nsTb neT ccwjikh B 1982 r 
HaK33aH«e eme 6onee ywecroMaiOT - CTyca na roa 
yrtexawT b KaMepy-oflMHOMKy. 

ycnosMfl coAepxaHHfl CTyca b nepMCKoti nonwT30- 
He oco6oro pejKMMa 6binn KpaviHe TJDsenwMn TeM He 
wenee, oh MHoro nwcan h nepeBOAvn npHMepno 250 
Bepnn6poB v\ 250 nepeaoaoe Aort)KHbi 6binn cocTaBMTb 
KHury, Ha3BaHHyioMM«nTaxAyiui» («n™uaflyLun»). Ho 
Bee HanncaHHoe HeMeAneHHo KOHcJwcKOBanocb. 

CyAbSa 3THX T6KCT0B flO CWX nop HeH3BeCTHa 

CornacHo o0nuH3nbHOMy oTBeTy Ha 3anpoc po^Hbtx. 
ohh yHMMTOHceHbi b CBH3K c nnKBHAai4Meti narepfl B to 
Me BpeMn b y^eTHOM KapTOMxe b narepe OTMeneHO. hto 
cpa3y nocne cMepTw CTyca TettCTbi Qbinw BbiBeaeHbi b 
Mock By 

28 aBrycrra 1985 r, nofl HaayMaHHbiwi npeAnoroM 
CTyc b OMepeanori pas 6bin 6poLueH b xapuep Oh 
oStBBun ronoflOBKy npoTecra «ao KOHLia». a b HOMb c 3 
na 4 ceHTfi6p« yMep Becrrb o Tparw^ecTOM rdSenw 
CTyca TpaHcnuposanH eaaa nn He see HH0opMaunoH- 
Ht>te areHTCTsa wupa BeAt> 3a ero cyAb6o» asbho cne- 
flM/iM MHoroMwcneHHbie npaeo3amviTHbie opraHnaaunM. 
Tpe6yn ot coaeTCKoro npaBMTeribCTBa ocbo6owabhm« 
noara ynpnMo unpKynnpoBan*i cnyxn_ mto ei«y a 
ckopom BpeMeHM npvicyAST HoSeneacKyro npeMHo. k 
KOTopOki oh 6bin npeACTaaneH TeHpuxoM Be/irreM... 










•< ■ *«— " <*i**- -tc*^-f a^i 



4.tft^y k ' A r4 




riuCbUO K CblHy 






<m> I 



OGnonruB khuzu «Bacunb Cmyc ^fu3Mt. kbk 
meopvecmooo. 



06noiKKa khuzu hVohombh 3noxu» 



M'A ^ar!l D r 3 



112 



4 MBOPAtfMblE NMEHA 




Bactwb Cmyc, 1954 z 



C CbtHQM JJuumpo. 1964 g 



B ccbinHQ, 1978 i 



BonpeKi/i HeB03Mo«HbiM ycnoBMHM cymecTBOBa- 
hub. unu, roBOpn ero cnosaMM. «cMepTonpo3s6aHbB». 
Bacunb Cryc ece roflbi b samitOHeHMM npOAonwan nu- 
caTb, BepCMH ero «rianMMncecToa» oflHa 3a oahom 
npOHWKanw 3a creHbi TiopbMw - n flanbtue, 3a «»<ene3- 
hwm 3aHaBec» 

Era noaaMB CBo6oflHa ot oroneHHOtf ny6nnmicTU>4- 
hocth npucymevi MHoroMMcneHHWM npoHSBefleHnaw 
fluccMfleHTOB. Cthxm Ciyca - ctkxm BbiAarouierocfl no- 
3ra, a He nonvnma. Era noaTWMecxoe TBopMecrao nma- 
eTCF rny6nHHbiMH CpwnococpCKHMH w pennrwo3HbiMH 
BonpocaMn o cyflbSe MenoseKa. 3a6poiuenHoro b no- 
rpaHH4HyK> 6wTwiiiHyio CHTyauwo 

Bee cwnbi ero yHHKanbHoii TBopnecKoti jihmhocth 
Manpasnenbi Ha peweHMe Bennux. KnpoKJiHTbix» npo- 
6neM 6biTMH CoBBTyji cwHy, tcaKnewMeHHO ctmxh Eopw- 
ca nacre p Ha *a xopowo 6wno 6bi BwynHTb HansycTb 
CTyc b oflHOM M3 nwceM cwara H3naraer cboio (pwnoco- 
cpMto TBopMecTBa: Oh (llacmepHaK - E.3.], ckbxbm. 
nuiuem maxoe: «eduHcmeenHoe, ^mo e naiueu enac- 
mu, amo cyMsmb mb ucKa3umt> aonoca xushu, aeyva- 
iubbo e nac». H smo. xohbwo. xacaemca hb monbxo 
caMux meopuoe, mo ecmb nucameneu, xoMnoaumo- 
poe, aecexntodeu. Taxxaxxarndbiu^enoeeK, vsmSwom 
»e 3aHUMajicn, ecmb meopeu - noada nenoeex muaem 
no-venoeevecKu, mo ecmb no-HacmonuieMy. a He na- 
paaumupyem Ha mu3hu. flpyzoB deno, vmo npojxumb 
MU3Ht> meopvecKu - 3mo hb nesxo. B kohub kohhob, 
dyuafo, mu3HeHHbie ponu vacmo Me««*omcH m, w. niodu 
meop^teexux npcxpeccuu, 6i,ieaem nepecmaiom Sbimb 
meopuaMU, a ntodu m.n. nemeopveexux npo&eccuu - 
cmaHoeamcfi meopuaMu. Bedb eceada na KOso-mo no- 
mumcfi ama muccur - cosdaaamb. Kax xenmuHe - 
pomOamb mu3Hb. ooHOe/mmb >xu3Hb, nodHUMamb ee 
Had caoeu zonoaou 

Cno>«Hyio w ynnoTHeHHyra no33«to Bacnn« CTyca 
4pe3BbwawH0 TfljKeno nepeBOflwTb Ha mhom s3biK, anpo- 
seM. k3k no33Mto nto6oro 6onbuuoro isopua nosTOMy, 
nepeaoflfl «DannMncecTbi», MapneHe PaxnuHow y^a- 
nocb (cmmpmb co6cTBeHHyio «no3THMecKy*o ropflOCTb») 
B0Cnpon3BecTn ctmxh Ciyca c bucokom MepoS TOHHOC- 



TMMcaMoorpaHHHeHMq, c^acTnMBOH36erKyB«yKpaiue- 
Hnn» aBTopCKoro reKCTa 

rioMTH bo acex nepeaeaeHHbix eio CTMxoTBopeHwnx 
Bacunn Ciyca PaxnuHa cworna peiuHTb cnowHyto sa- 
flany paBHoro opwrnHany KonnnecTBa cnoB a crpoKe, 
Htoflawe 8 nepeBOflax c poflCTseHHbix nabiKos- secbMa 
HenpocTO FlepeBOflHUK axTHBHo ncnonb3yeT MHoro- 
HncneHHbieyKpanHH3Mbi.MaKci4ManbHOCOxpaH«eTopM* 
rviHanbHyio Jiexcmcy CTyca, natrro ocHoaaHHyio Ha flua- 
nexTHbix (b nacTHOCTM. rannuKnx). apxannecKMX m peflxo 
ynoTpeBviTeribHbix b oBbWHOM yKpanH0«3bmHow pein. 
3tm papmeTbi. 3a6oTnnBO Bocnpow3BeaeHHbie nepe- 
BoannKOM. npuflatoT nosTHnecKOMy nsbiKy Bacuna CTy- 
ca ocoooe Bceraa ySHasaeuoe ApauaTvmecKid-npbi- 
noflHAToe 3By^aHne 

KoHe^Ho. Ka>KabiS AoGpocoeecTHbiw nepesoflHHK 
nocTapancn 6bi coxpanurb b coBcrrBeHHbix MHTepnpe- 
Taynfix BbtLueynouRKyTbte xapaiaepHbie oco6eHH0crti 
no3T^iKM nMeHHO CTyca Oflwaxo, nepeBOflbi MapneHbi 
PaxTTMH0« bwxoa»t 3a rpaHnqw TinareribHOw MMMTa- 
UMM. Cawa npeicpacHbiM n caMo6biTHbifi no3T, oHa co- 
3flaeT He npocro «nepenox(eHwe Ha whom «3wk», a 
Bocco3flaeT HenoaTopwMbiii Ayx cnoxHow br3h cpuno- 
cocptmecKoti no33«n CTyca , 

npuBeran k 3anMCTB0BaHH0My us narepnoro wap- 
rona noHHTHK) mowho ctcasaTb. 4to Mapnena PaxnwHa 
BbiCTynaeT Kax nodenbHUK noaTa.npwMacTHbiwKOBceM 
era TBopHecxMM osapeHWHM m noTep«M, Tpaicrya cthxh 
c era ronoca, OHa co3flaeT o6pas MHoro, ho He nyworo. 
vt sen ee KponoTnuBaFi pa6oTa ecTb nponaneHwe nto- 
6oBHoro OTHomeHMH k STOro MHOMy Ka* pa3 TaKoro 
oTHOLueHnfl TBopnecKoro n OTxpuToro oflHOBpeMeHHO. 
mowho no>xenaTb yKpanno- n pyccKonsbMHOwy MtiTaTe- 
nio «naj-iwMncecTOB». 

Bnaroflapn flByn3bmH0My H3AaHMK) stot aflywuyi- 

BblW M OTKpblTblii 4HTaTenb CMOXeT no AOCTOWHCTBy 

oyeHMTb xaK TBopnecKurt noABHr Bacunn Cryca, TaK m 
TBOpMecKyro oTBary ero nepesofl^HKa 

npu nodzomoexe ny6nuxauuu ucnortb3oeanb< uamepuant,! 

KoncmanmuHa Mocitanbua 



KAPTA- HeiS-4-J 5005 






4 BQ3BPAUlEHHblE HMEHA 



113 



BacMnb Ciyc 

riepeeofl MapneHbi PaxriHHovi 

H3 c6opHMKa «riannivincecTbi» 



* * * 



Cto aiepKa.1 cnpsiMOBaHo wa \iene. 

B CaMOTY moio i union. 

CnpaB.ii - tjt? Tu - cnpaeoi mym? 

HaneBHe. 

TH TaKH He t\t. TaKH - He T>T. 

ile >k tm c? A je jK th e? A ae >k th? 

Hoci ipocTy CBoro He jocsr? 

Ocb bih, JOBroHuaHHR join (jik 3 peuiera!) 

laiHBae ay my. bck> b c/iboiax. 

Cto tbo'i'x KonaHb... Tbo'i'x Hapo;wceHb,.. 

Crpax, flK TJDKKO BHCOX.1HM OHa\t! 

Xto ecu? /Khbhh 4h Mpeub? Mm. siome. 
i mchbhh. i \ipeiu. - i - eaM-Ha-caM? 



Cto 3epKai - mchji ;ih oTpaiKatoT, 

oawHOHecTBo h hcmotn ? 

ripaeaa - tvt? Tbi - npaBja tvt? 

He -jHaio. 

Bee ate tm He t>t, He t>t. He t>t. 

Pje ace tm? A rje ate Tbi? A rjie ace? 

TaK tm jo ceofl h He aopoc? 

Bot oh. aojieib yKeaaHHbiH (KaK h npe>tue) 

3a.iMBaeT ayim LUKBa.ioM c.iei! 

Ctotbohx cviepreH... PoaueHMH... Eowe. 

CTpaX KaK THMCKO BMCOXUJHM OHOm! 

Kto ecH? >Khboh? MepTBeu? A mojkct. 
h HvHboiI, h vepTBbiH - caM-Ha-caM? 



Boa<e Me .niTocTi - jikjtocti 
6o>Ke ne jiacKH. a mcth, 
„iafi poiipBaTH Haw nyra ui. 
peT«ii ui po3necTH. 
Han na.M cepun HenpHKasHi. 
jaw cTpenixaTHR CTorHJB 

ijyUJ CMO.IOCKMHH pimiamil 
Ml/K HV/KHHeilbKHX BOrHJB. 

riopMBe. nopuBe, nopMee 
pa30M nipBeMoca BaeT. 
Ban - poicBiTacTbCfl aopHBo. 
XaH i Ha cvtepTb. a - Bnepea. 



A6h jihih noaciaTH thjb, 

CT0pO3TpHKjlHTHH miB 3JO.TaTH, 

ji 6 noiweHHO wir HaiBani 
ycix 6pariB, ycix saTis. 
Ta norvuu 3acTye iMJia. 
Ta nor^sia 3acT\e ixua 
1 th, mob neB. y mil o6opi. 

je CTUIbKH KpOKJB B KOpHJIOpL- 

ajK cBir laHLuoacs .lydana! 
Haviapwe. Bora He thibh - 
xafi 6*e nponacHHwi toookx 
JOnOKH BHVKje nac aBo6oK> 

TOH BCpUIHHK. LUC! OCT TOjIOBH. 



* * * 



Bo/Ke, hc aca^ocTb. a -itoTocTb. 
Bo>Ke. He MHJiocTb. a MecTb. 
jafi tth n\TM pacn\T3Tb. 
aafi tth uenH pa3Hecrb! 
Cepjue Ha.M aafi HeoovuaHHoe, 

jatt Haw MSTOKHMH CTOrHeB. 

jiyiuH. KaK 4>aKe.T, pa3Be»Hbi - 
mok HV/KHHeuKHx ornefi! 
3anoso. lanoBO, saHoao 
paioM npopBevicfl - e no^er! 
Bot paccBeTaercH 3apeBO. 
nycTb xoTb Ha cMepTb - a Bnepej. 



O. TaibKo 6 rneB ySHTb cno.iHa. 
cTopacnpoicisTbifi rneB npHKOHHHTb! 
% c.Mor 6bi najianefi npHnoMHHTb 
h mh-tmx SpaTbeB HMena. 
Ho \ir;ia tboh ^acinnaei Biop. 
Ho Mivta tboh ^acTH^aeT B3op, 
tm cjiobho neB 3a Tew laoopoM. 
LUaroB TaK MHoro b Kopwaope, 

H ablOQM BCTM TOT KOpwaop, 

HanpacHO. Bora He thcbh - 
Teoa Tp»ceT. a tm vnopCTBVH: 

BClb HpHlOBeT K eaHHOOOpCTBy 
TOT BCajHHK. HTO 6e3 TOjIOBM. 



www karta wg 



114 



4 B03BPAli|»IE HMEHA 



* * « 



3aaFTbca. hvio: .lonatOTb KaurraHH. 

>K0BTO3eJieHV BHKH.T.aK>Tb OpOCTb 

i lOBcivi nopyw - KHiBCWce secHAHe 
naxyne Heoo ryKOM na.iH.iocb. 
3jarrbca. 6aM\: pBVTbcs Cyfini ipann. 

je B/KC BUrOBOpH.IH BCI CTpVMKH, 

a YKpai'Ha, JlefieaHHJi. C.iaBa 
ia chhom Ha3Hpac i-nij pyKH. 

HCB>Ke TO - KBlTeHb. i UinaHHHHH KJieKiT. 

a»iM He\iyapi kmmhu. hh hjtki 
ooipBaHi pyjiaaw? Huh jkc meniT 
yp&aBCb Ha BopoHosaHiM HOJKi? 



Rua HecrepriHa puna nyiKHHa. 
uch norap paio. xpavi. 3a3Ha.iHH CKBepHH! 
Th noBepHVBca. a.ie Kpaft" - He BepHe: 
homv ia TpyMHy niTbvia Kay'sna. 

#K TJDKK0 HarOAHTMCb I mTH. 

tbmviohh cKyny c-ib03> oopa3n. 
pajifrre. .imxeMipii h 6oroMa3H. 

UIO pUHHH Kpafi - TO UapCTBO HI MOTH. 

Ta caM k ecm! 1 1 rp\ jhhh wifi 6Lib. 
i e c.ib03a. mo nacKpbb nponiicae 
KaMJHHHP Myp. je KBJTKa npouaJTac 

B TpH CKpHKH CapB. TpH CKpHKH 605KeBL'lb! 

06pyiuH.iacb ay urn tbos otvt. 
tboTx rpyaefi He ctb.to iiojiobhhh. 
5o ne3He nap tbocV BarbKiBLUHHii, 
a xope cepue wopicHH cmokhc CKpyr. 



* + * 



KaK 6yaT0 cjibiuiy: .lormyjiH tcaiiJTaHbi. 
BbiopacbiBaioT noHCK weimnHy 
h KnescKoe neoo Ta« MeaBJmo. 

T3K CjIMKO, UIVMHO npa3JH>CT BecH\ . 

KaK 6yaT0 bhjkv - 6yfino pBVTCJi TpaBbi. 
rae Bee oTroBopn.in pynenKH, 
a yicpaHHa. JleSeanmi. Cjiasa 
BCJiea cbiHj Bee rnaam m-noa p\KH. 

AnpClb .1H 3TO H CKBOpUOB J1H K-ieKOT. 
H.TH HaCMCIUKH HbH-TO. H.lb )>Ke 

ooopBaiibi py.iajbi? 4efi a<e inenoT 

3aMO.!K H3 BOpOHCHOM TOM HOJKC? 



KaK HeCTepnHMo Poanna nvnua. 

CO/KJKeHHblH pafi H XpaM. H03HaBUIHH CKBepHV. 

BepHV.icsi - a 3eMiis tboa. HaeepHo. 
b MorH.ibHOM MpaKe: b 3T0M bcs 6eaa. 
Tbi nooyji tvt, h bot yxoaHuib Tbi. 
CKpbisas ropbKyio c.ie3\ oGHiibi. 

HtO >K. pajVHTeCb, HVJbU .1H306.3WabL 
HTO Kpafi pOaHOft MOft - UapCTBO HCMOTbt. 

Ho caM 51 ecMb! H 3a rpyjHHofi - 6o.ib. 
h ecTb cne3a. hto HacKB03b nponeKaeT 
rjiyxofi 3aoop. rae bhhihh pacuBeraer: 
TpH BCKpitica KpacoK. a na BeKax - co.ib, 
Tboh ayuja oopywii.iacb bot tvt. 
B oueneHeHHH OTHH3Ha jpeM.ieT. 
ee, ratcyio. cepaue hc npHeM.ieT. 
h >KaaHO mower cepjue nepiibiH cnp\T. 



V*»e MOC >k*HTT» B iUBCHTapi 

po30HTe i po3nncaHe no rpatpax. 
Ue KOHjaKH tboY i Tponapi. 
ue Kapa. ue 3 oTpyroio Kapaqba. 
Haa uen TiopeMHHfi My p. Haj mo JK>'py 

i Haj Cotj)iYBCbKy J3BinHUK> 3HOCHTb 

Mene mjh n\\. Hexafi-HO i noMpy- 
Ta bih 3a Mene Bi,iTOHKoro.iocnTb 
TpH thchhI nponatuHX BenopiB. 
rpn THcsHi cBiTaHKJB, mo 36.1yaH.1n. 
bk anemMH fiui.-rn mj>k narapiB 
i viepTBoro MeHe He p036yaH/iH. 



Bcsi >KH3Hb moh - yjKe B HHBeHTape. 
pa30HTa H pacnHeaHa Ha rpacfru. 
3aecb KOHaaKH tboh h Tponapn. 
3jecb Kapa, 3jecb rpa<pHH c OTpaBOfi. 
Mem) moh ayx Has KaMennoH TiopbMofi 

H HH C0(})Hefi 3BOHHHUV B03H0CHT. 

h eciH orofijy - to naao mhoR 

11 3a MeHH OH OTTOHKOrOJIOCHT 

TpHTbiciiHH nponamux Benepos. 

H VTp TpH TblCJJHK. HTO 336j1> JH.IHCb. 

o.ieHHMH npouj.iH cpean kjctob 
h MepTBoro MeHH He ,io6yjH,incb. 






■KAPTA »«-M 3005 



4 B03BPAlHEHHblE NMEHA 



115 




nepuh-35 



*W* U11 org 



116 



4 KPACHOE KOIIECO 



ans obehx pyk 



S sanep flBepb (nnn*-CBWWw! ) , 
CWKy, MO3O0 hbmctobo: 

- norosopn! noKJiaaemn - 

PoflHOM IU HOH, TpaaSHCTOpHWH ! 

Do rjio6ycy, xax tnKojH»«*tK , 
Mnty b s^iTpe nyri. : 

- To»ap*nn-MKC*ep TojibaSepr , 
Cieajwi xoTt uro-HHoyflt! - ■ - 

noKJiesemn I norcBopn I 
Mojno, JtaaoHM noimie, 
Ho ot sapM w so sapw 
OflKH rJtyuDiiiKH nojpiue' 

Mojiwit TOBapnm rojibflfiepr, 
He uamHo Eh-Eh-Ch, 
H TOJibico necHH Cojib»©iir 
rpeMMT no Bcei* Pycwl 

fl OTOBp flBSpb, OTKpUJl OKRO, 

H npofunui ho6o c cymes - 
K so paccBeTa , see paBBO , 
Cioty - rjiynauiKM cjiymas! 







4 rnyuiEHME 



117 



... Tan BApyr paccBapeneA a crraA roBopnib, «rro sto Hte 
rAyno, hto MaKCBM npocro aenpeACTaBA«eTce6e, ckoai.ko 

TaKBX ii.i Nil II CTOHT DO CTpaBe, CKOAfcKO II X CTpOBTCH 

eMceroABo, e»<eABeBHo, Tax nr\,M>\n me 3tb orpoMHhie 

MIMA II J PAW TpaTBTCH B H.I lilt -M nt-,\MliM roCyAapCTBC TOAbKO 

AAa Toro, ttoom ABaJKAN b ffiim AocTaaABTh Hen pa a i n< .< i it 
jKaAKon Kymie ypoAoB, KOTopue COM* no ceoe - ay.ih a 
tiKt -i in- ii.i |m \.i. .. «Ha oAay oxpaay ckoai>ko .vhh yxoABT», 
- A<>6aBBA ob noc.\e aayibi... 

Xphtl.Xlllt H bnpiir ( jyji utllhlu 

«OOBTat>MMH ocrpoB» 

1963 r. 




PAAMOLlEH3yPA 



PHMaHtac n/lEPiKHC 



"-=«*" 

*• 



ftHoeemamje uiupoxo oc- 
eevuBHo g numepamype. 
Yebi. amoeo noxa Henb3R 
cxasamt o paduonemype 
(cuHowjMbi: paduosamu- 
ma. paduonodaenenue, no- 
cmaHosxa noMex, anyuie- 
Hue, paduonpomueodeu- 
cmeue, 3a6uexa awmt/co 
eemcKux paduonepedav, 
paduosnexmpoHHan 6opb- 
6a) 
B cmambe vumamerib naudem muhumym mex- 
nimecKux ceedBHuO o paduonodaenenuu, none3- 
Hbiu dn.fi pacujupemjtt npotpeccuonanbHozo xpyso- 
3opa padommiKoe censu, paduoeemamiff u Mypna- 
nucmoe. 

Hadeiocb. vmo mof paGoma nocnytxum mom- 
kom dna u3yveMjft nocmaHoeKu noMex e cmpanax, 
Komopbie ee wupoxo npuM6nanu. JJo cux nop usee- 
cmna nuwb odna HaynnaR cmambR o anyuienuu. 
nanucaHHafi veiucxuM aemopoM 

CCCP npou38odun 3a6uexy «aHmucoeemcxo- 
so paduoeemawjfi» nonmu 60 nem, c 6onbwou 
uHmeHcusHocmbK) - 40 nem TeMa rniean paduo- 
3amuma Human. KyBbi, t^pana. BbemHdMa u dpysux 
cmpau lacopftem MexdyHapodnbtu s&up ucxyccm- 
eeHHbiMu noMexaMU 

Aemop 



HfleonorwqecKoe npoTnsocTOflHne Bocima n 
3ana#a b foam xojioahoh BoiiHti conpoB0>«fl3nocb 
paflnonoflaBneHHeM To. mto bo Bceo6meft aescnapa- 
MMii npaB ^e/ioseKa wweHye-rcfl kcboSoahum noTOKOM 
MHcpopMamiii cKsosb rocyflapCTBeHHwe rpaHnubi», 
CCCP pacMeMMBan Kate «rpy6oe BwetuaTenbCTBo bo 
SHyTpeHHue aena cTpanbi m aHTwcoBercKyio npona- 
raHfly» 

B oSnacTM boshhom cbssm paAnonoflaBneHne 
snepBbie npiiMeHH/iw HeMeMKwe eoopy^eHHbie cunw 
b roflbi nepBOui MnpoBOii bomhw, B Ha^a/ie 20-x Pew- 
xcnocT {noMToaaH onyxes TepMaHnn) rnyiuwji pa,qno- 
TenerpacpHyio jimhwo Me>Kay rterporpaAOM m riapn- 
weM npii noMomM 5-KHJiosaTTHoro HCKpOBoro nepe- 
flamHKa ycraMOBKa no3flHee nepeuj/ia b pym Peiixc- 
Bepa w b 1926 r eme Haxoamiacb b Bep/inHcxow 
paPiOHe Py^eSeH B 1923 r tppaHuy3bi m 3iitpeneB0ii 
SaiuHH co3AaBa^n noMexw TenerpatpHOMy nepeflaT- 
HMKy BepnMHa 

riepBeHCTBo b o6nacTn rjiyweHMs npwHaAnewnT 
repMamiM vs CoBeTCKOMy Coi03y B KOHuie 20-x Bep- 

nwH6"noKnpoBanpaflnoKoMvinTepHa. B1931 r CCCP 
rnymnn nepeflSMM PyMWHCKOro paflno C 1934 r Abct- 
pMS TpaHcrtKpOBana ujyM Ha Bo^He BepnuHa B 1936 
roay klTanwfl r/iyujnna nepefla^M waflOHaoHa, Hanpas- 
^eHHbte Ha ASmccuhmio B 1937 r BcnbixHyjia paflno- 
BOMHa MewAy Mockboi!! h MaflpHAOM B 1 938 r, CCCP 
rnyujHJi MHOBemaHwe paflno TepMaHiiM, a HeMeunwa 
Pet^x noAaB/isin nepeflami MocKOBCKoro paAMO n Bm- 



Pwanmac nneuxuc - paduoxypHamtcm Hpenodaean hb xa<pedpe xypHajiucmuKu BunbHtoccxoeo socydapcmaeHHOso 
yHuaepcumema. 6bin eueuimamHhiu aemop<M cny*6bi uHoeetuanwi numoaoioao paduo B 1909 a yvpedttn nepoyro 
HesaeucuMyio p/c «M-U. Bbin anaenbiM peda<<mapoM KouwepvecKoQ p/c i Radiocontrast. JJenymam napnauenma Humebt a 
1996-2000 33.. utiHucmp cefHw « 1996-1998 se 4/»h napnakmnmcKOeo xouumema nauuonanhnou 6s3onacnocmu u 
o6opanb> Koopdi/Hamop npoexma *Paduo BanmuOcxue Bo/inbi» 

www harta org 



118 



4 KPACHDE K0J1EC0 




Paduoiienmp nonoexu. fleHUHspadctcaa o6ti 3an KB 

nepedamvuKoe. omxyia e 1971-1988 &e aenu 

paduonoda&neHue notibCKoQ onyxBbi Paduo CsododHan 

Eepona/Paduo Cao6oda (RFE/RL) c rt03bt6HbiM <rir». 

nepedamvuKu uotu^ocmhto 200 nBm, napw - do 400/800 

nBm 



Bm-Ch (British Broadcasting Corporation - BBC: cnu- 
cok coKpamenuQ - s kohub mencma) Ha Me/weuKOM 

P3blKe 

B 1 940 r CoeeTCKiw Coma naMan CMcreNiaTMHec- 
Koe myweHne paflno BaTuxana B 1941-1945 rr. npo- 
ncxoflnnn 3cpnpHbie cpaxteHMfl Mexyiy CCCP w Tepwa- 
Hneii BepjwH nepeaaBa/i Ha Bonnax Mocxabt m JIoh- 
flona KopoTKne Bpa>KAe6Hbie xoMMeHTapnw, Ha mo 
nocneflHue OTeeManw tcm we B 1946 r npoflonwa- 
nocb o6o»OAHoe rnyweHMe nepeflan Mockbw h Maflpw- 
aa 3 cpeBpa/iR 1948 r. HaManocb wnpoxoMacwTa6Hoe 
myiueHHe nepeflan «r*onoca AMepuKvi* {Voice of 
America - VOA), 1 3 anpena - nepeflan BBC us JIohao- 
Ha. 

L|K KnCC vt CoBeT Mmhmctpob CCCP npuHHMa/iM 

n0CT3H0BneHWfl O CTpOHTenbCTBe Bcecoi03HoS ceTM 

flanisHeki w orwwHeM paAnosaiuMTw. \Ax npeTBopa/io b 

>KM3Hb MUHUCtepCTBO CBB3M T0J14K0M A™ paSBMTWH 

paflnonoflaB^eHUfi nocnywHna t/iCTopnn yHwenbHM- 
Ubi coseTCKOii wxo/ibi b Hbra-GlopKe OxcaHu KoceHKM- 
hom. 8bi6pocHBtue^cn M3 OKHa KOHCynbCTBa b aBrycre 
1 948 r. CoBbiTue nonyMwro tuMpoxyio ornacicy b nepe- 
aanax VOA m Bbi3Bano mhoto cnyxoB B 1 949 r. 3aMer- 
ho ycHnnnncb noMexn na Bcex HacTorax sapyoewHbix 
paflnocTaHMHM, Bemaiomwx Ha CoseTCKMM Coios. 

CeKpeTapb UK Kn JIhtbw A, CneMKyc a nucbMe ot 
30 MapTa 1951 r. MvtHUCTpy cbhsh CCCP H. DcypueBy 
rpeSOBan fl/ifi BM/ibHKjccxoro o6beiaa Na 600 flonofv 
HMTe^bHO BbtflenMTb 6-8 rtepeaaTHUKOB KxoHMyroaa 
b Bw/ibHioce paSorano 18 nepeaaTHMKOB myweHwfl 
MwHHcrepCTBa cbh3m, 1 - rpa>xAaHCKoro BoaayujHoro 
cpnoTa n 1 - MiiHHCTepcTsa pwoHoft npoMbimneHHOc- 
m B npunojKeHMM nucbMa CKa3aHo. mo «s Maccnpo- 
BaHHbte ceaHcw aHTHcoBeTCKoro semaHMH c 06-1 5 ao 
06-45, c 00-15 flO 00-45 M c 17-15 AO 17-45. xorfla 
pa60T3K)T OflHOBpeMCHHO 66. 48 h 45 BpawecKHx 
paflMOCTaHi4Hi^ r o6ecne4«Tb noriHyso 3a6nBxy ne B03- 
mohcho ns-sa HexaaTKn paflnocpeflCTB» B ApyoM 
nucbMe Ha hms cexpeTaps 14K KnCC r ManeHKOBa 
A. CHe^Kyc npocuT noAKno^nTb aha rnyuieHna 6epe- 
roByio paflnocTaHMMKS b KpernHre 8 flexaSps 1953 r. 



UK Kn riMTBb! npuHBji nocTaHOB^eHne «0 xofle dpo- 
MTenbCTBa o6beKToe Ne 60 w Ns 61 »- B neiw TpeSoBa- 
nocb BBecru b aicenxiyaTaLiwo uj«ynflficKnii n Knai^neA- 
CKktfi o6beKTbi flO 25 fleKa6p» 1 953 r 

CocTOflHwe Ha 1 HHBapfl 1954 r no JlMTBe: Ha 
BuribHKJCCKOM o6*beKre Ne 600 ycraHOBJieHO 30 nepe- 
flaTM«KOB c nepcnexTHBoii yaenKHeHHB mx Ko/iH^ecTBa 
AO 40 urryx (3annaHnpoBaHO 940 Tbic py6nert Ann 
saKynKn o6opyflOBaHn» v> peKOHCTpyKunn aHTeHH), Ha 
KayHaccxoM oSbeKTe Na 603 - 22 nepeflar^nKa (nna« 
-30). Ha lunyiifitiCKOM oSbexTe N860- 15 (ysennHHTb 

MX KOJIVWeCTBO HeT B03M0WH0CTM M3-3a OTCyTCTBt4fl 

nnomaflH T ex. noMemeHMii w TeppMTopnw: Heo6xofln- 
mo cTponre^bCTBO HOBoro paAMOueHTpa), Ha Kjraii- 
neACKOM oSteicre Na 61 - 21 nepeAai^MK (nnaH - 30) 
CrponienbCTBO nocneflHero o6oiu^ocb b 120 tuc. 
pySjieiS. annapaiypa - b 247 twc. CoseT Mmhmctpob 
JImtsw o6paTnncn b Cobmmh CCCP m L(K KnCC c 

npOCb60M 06fl33Tb C0KD3HOe MUHMCTepCTBO CBS13H B 

naHeeesKMce (mociponTb hobwh oGMKr ana 6opb6bi 
c a/c BemaHneM». TaK KaK «KonnHecTBO perncTpupo- 
aaHMbix paanonpneMHMKOB b ropoae n ero OKpeCTHO- 
CTflX - 3000 ujt. » 

Anfl paflHoaamnTb) BbiAena^MCb 6onbtutie cpeA- 
CTBa. o MeM cBuflerejibCTByeT cTpeMWTenbHbiii poci 
MOujHOCTeS. B 1949 r b COBeTCKOM Coi03e paflno- 
aneKTpOHHan 6opb6a se^acb c noMOmbto 350 KOpoT- 
KOBOHHOBbix (KB) nepeflaTMMKOB B 1950 r mx 6bmo 
600. b 1955 r - oxono 1000, b coi4Ma^MCTkmecxnx 
CTpaHax - eme 700, oflHaxo no/ioweHne «no 3a6«BKe 
aHTucoseTcxoro Bemannfiw He cHHranocb yAOBneTBo- 

pHTe^bHblM TaK. B HOCTaHOB/ieHklW UK KP1 JlMTBbl OT 

23 ceHTflSpfl 1954 r <*0 Mepax 6opb6bi c aHTHCOBeT- 
ckok nponaraHflow no paAno» OTMe^eHO, ^to «He- 
CMOTpfl Ha CA3Hy b 3KcnnyaTaunio b 1 953 r b ropo^ax 
BnnbHK)c. KayHac, IDHynflwn KnawneflacneuwanbHbtx 
o6"beKTOB. saiuwTa ot anTHCOBeTcxnx paA^onepefla^ 
b nonHOft Mepe He oeecne^eHaB KpoMe npo^ero, 
Sbino peujeHO «o6fi3aTb MUHHCTepciBa n BeflOMCTBa 
JlnTOBCxoii CCP. MMeiomne b CBoeM BefienuM paAno- 
nepeflaTMMKH MOU4HOCTbio 0,5 kBt h Bbitue, npeaoc- 

TaBJlSITb MX 6e3BO3Me3flH0 HO TpeCOBaHKK) YnonHO- 

MOneHHoro CBR3H aha 3arnyujeHMn aHTvicoeeTCKOro 
paAHOBemaHMflM B«njiaHeyCM/ieHMfi samara Teppw- 

TOPWM flMTOBCKOii CCP OT aHTMCOBeTCKOfO paAtioBe- 

iAaHMfl» npeflycMOTpeno x 1958 r «yaeriMHMTb koom- 
necTBo paflMOBOnH, noftnewauiMx 3amyiiieHMK>». ao 
45. 

He yaviBMTenbHO. hto npvt Taxvtx TenfieHLtMflx pe- 
30tiioum*i OOH ot 14 Aexaepfi 1950 r.. ocyAnaujaft 
myweHtte. He MMena B03fle«CTB«« Ha KpeMnb. B Ha- 
nane 60-x toaob ceTb 6nMx<Hew m Aa^ibHeiii paflMosa- 
mMTw CCCP (ne cHMTan o6"beKTOB b coq. crpaHax) 
BKntonana oxono 1700 nepeAaTHMKOB o6mefi moluho- 
CTbio nopflAxs 1 6 000 kBt. Mnoro 3TO mjih Ma/io ? B 
yrpeHHMe vt Be^epHMe Macbi na Cobbtchmm C0103 Benw 
BemaHMe oflHOBpeMeHHo flo 70 nepeflaTHMKoe «Kann- 
TariMCTMMecKMx cTpaH» o6ineM MomHOCTbio oxono 
8 000 kBt HeciMOTpfl Ha nepeBec no moiuhoctm, pa- 
AMOsam^iTa He Moma nonnocTbio orpaAntb Hacene- 

HMe OT «M3CCMp0B3HHblX aHTHCOBeTCKHX paflMOCe3H- 

cob». 19 BHBapn 1961 r 6bino npMHATO nocTaHoane- 



"KAPTA - Na4J-*« 20Q5 






rnyuiEHHE 



11! 



H«e L}K KHCC «0 Mepax no ycn/ieHMK) 6opb5w c 
BpaweCKOiii paAMonponaraHAOii*. nocTaBUBwee zaaa- 

i<y 3HaMMTenbHO yCHJIMTb CeTb paAM03aaiHTbl H C STOW 

Meribio co3flaTb cneu,nanbHoe ynpaBneHMe a Mhhh- 
CTepcTBe CBflsn CCCP 

MaTepnanbHan 6a3a poena xax b KonnnecTBeH- 
hom. Tax h b Ka4ecTBenHOM oTHOLueHMM riocne 

OKOHHaHUR BTOpOli MMpOBOM BOHHbl Ha MHOrwX PHII 

eme nMenocb ooopyflosaHne 113 «cneu.nocTaBOK» - 
Tpotpe«Hoe neMeitKoe. a TatoKe npneMHHKn n nepe- 
aaTMUKM 6wBiunx aMepwKaHCKwx cok)3hhkob. Hanpw- 
Mep, na KayHaccKOM ooteitTe Na 603 w era koht- 
ponbHO-KoppeKTupoBOHHOM nyHiae (KKri) b 1953 r. 
6w/io 10 nepeAa^WKOB «BC» (1 kBt) h Hecno/ibKO 
npweMHMKOB «AR-88» aMepwcaHCKora npo«3BOflCTBa. 
B 50-e w 60-e roAfai OTeHecTBeHnan npoMwmneHHOCTb 

OCBOHHa npOH3BOflCTBO CBH3HblX H BemaTe/ibHbix KB 
nepeAaTHMKOB. npnroAHt»ix v\ aha C03Aannfl paAnono- 
iwex: «KB-5», «J~IKB-20». «CHer» (100 kBt), «KBM- 
120» 

KpynHewiunMH LiennMH paflMonoAaBneHwa era/in 
«CBo60AHan EBponas <«Radio Free Europe» - RFE) h 
«CBo6oAa» («Radio Liberty» - RL). B 1949 r aiwepK- 
KaHCKMki «KoMnrreT cbo6oahok EBponw» (Free Europe 
Committee) CHana/ia nwTancn apeHAOBaTb nepeAaT- 
hhkw KOMMepnecKnx paAnocTaHUMM fl(0KceM6ypra. 
MoHTe-Kapno n «Espona-1 » nonywwB oixaa. aiuepw- 
KaHMb) 6bi/in BbiHy>KfleHbi CTpomb co6cTBeHHyto pa- 
Anocetb. MexocnoBaMKaH cjiywSa RFE auwjia b sOpwp 
4 mora 1950 r. nepe3 7,5-KMnoaaTTHwi* KB nepeAaT- 
hhk noA koaobwm Ha3BaH*ieM «Bap6apa». ycTanoB- 
neMMww Ha rpysoBUKe noA MaHxaMMOM nepefla^H na 
pyMbiHCKOM sabiKe 3a3ByMan« 14 monn. Ha nonbCKOM 
vi aeHrepcKOM - 4 aBrycTa, Ha 5onrapCKOM - 1 1 asry- 
CTa. 

riporpaMMw RFE TorA33apaHee 3anncbiBa/incb b 
ctyamsx paAMOCTaHUMM WMCA b Hbto-klopxe m nepe- 
cw/ianwcb b TepMaHMKi B03aytuHOH noM-row MtOHxeH- 
cKaji ujTa6-KBapTnpa RFE Havana pa6oTy 1 Man 1951 
rofia b 1 1 nacoB ahb nepeAaueM 4exocnoBau;KOw cnyxc- 
6bi. Mepea 5 nacoB noflennncb noMexw, npoAonwaa- 
ujiiecfl now™ 40 nej. RFE Bemana na 6onrapCKOM, 
BenrepcKOM, nonbCKOM, pywbmcKOM. cnoBauKOM n 
^eiucKOM, a b 1951-1953 it. w na an6aHCKOM nawKax. 
flo 1 957 r. HaMMOHanbHbie peAaKujiw RFE BbixoAMJiw b 
acpup noA HasBaHHAMw «ronoc cboooahom 4exocno- 
Ba™n», «Tonoc cbo6oahom nOJ1bUJM» M T. fl. 

PyccxaHoiywea RLAe6io™poBana 1 MapTa 1953 
rofla 4epea asa KB nepeAaTHMKa MOtAHOCTbK) no 10 
kBt: «ToBopnT paAHOCTaHUHH "OcBo6o)KAeHMe". C/iy- 
uiavne Hac Ha kopotkhx Bonnax b AnanasoHe 31 weT- 
pa». E«eAHeBHyK) nonyHacoByw nporpaMMy noBTOpn- 
m c nonyAHfl a° nonyHOMW no MOCKOBCKOMy apeweHH. 
Mepea HecKO^bKo MMHyr curHanw HaTKHyjiwcb Ha my- 
ujeHi/ie flepeAanw 3ankiCbiBanncb b OAHoii M3 6 crrypyiv) 
RL b 6bieuieM 3A3HHM aspoflpoMa Oberwiesenfeld Ha 
ynHue Lihentnalsirasse b ceBepnon MacTn MiOHxewa 
HeHTbi Ha paAMOueHTp DawnepTxawMa boshjim nypbe- 
pw KpoMe pyccKoro. RL eema^a Ha 33ep6artA>KaHC- 

KOM, apMHHCKOM, rpy3«HCKOM, KaaaXCKOM. KHprnac- 
KOM, TaAKMKCKOM, TypKM6HCKOM, y36eKCKOM H 6 flSW- 




CoeemcKan cpomoasumauufi nepetJii uodunbHbiu 7,5- 

xunoeammHbiD KB nepedamwn RFE (Paduo Ceododnafi 

Eeponal ~ xodoeoe Haseanue *5ap5apajo - nod 

XonbtiKupx6HOM e Baeapuu. 1 9S0 sod. K vexocnoeamtoB 

apsHuae « 1 953-56 a. r?odb«3*raji «e oh, a 50-HunoeammHbiO 

cpedneeannaab)u ttOp6n» (no3dnee oh mpaHcnupoean 

« Paduo Mapmu» us ®nopudbi). 



icax HapoAOB CesepHoro KaBKa3a B AeKaSpe 1953 r 
BwiunaB3{fiiipTaTapo-6aiuKtipcKa(t, BaBrycie 1954 r 
-6enopyccKas m yKpawHCKaa peAaKMnw B Mae 1959 r 
HaaBaHwe paAMOCTaHynw CTano «Cbo6oa3». 

fl/is npoptiBa paAVionouex a cpeepane 1952 r 
aMepwKaHUbi aeenn e crpotf HOBbtfi MouiHbiii paA^o- 
ueHTp RFE b rnopMM nofl Dncca60HOM. b 1955 r. - 
peTpaHOiRTop RL Ha TatiBaHe rtw oxBara bocto^hoA 
Hac™ CCCP (4 nepeAaTMUKa). a MapTe 1959 r. - 
nepeAatOLttMH KOMn/iexc RL B03Jie HcnaHCKoro ropofl- 
K3 nnaR-Ae-nanbC y 6epera CpeflM3eMHoro mopfi 
(6x250 kBt), B ce™ RFE m RL TaioKe paSoTaxin paAHO- 
UeHTpbi a Bw6jince m JlaMnepTxaiiMe hoa ManxaMMOM 
n b Xo/ibUKMpxeHe noA MioHxeKOM. 

B Manane 1 958 r. L(Py oScy^ano BO3MowH0CTb 
aaxpbiTb RL (ho ne RFE) «no 0HHaHcoBbiM npHnn- 

HaM», H3-3a CMDbHbJX nOMeX M «BO MMfl xecTa Ao6poi?i 

BODM B OTHOUJeHMM MOCKBbl» rioCJie BTOpMBHUfl CO- 

BeTCKOM apMHM b Mexoc^oBaKMKD b aBrycre 1968 r. 
TaKMe npeAJioxteHMA oma.nn FlpKo 8wpa)KeHHbiM xpn- 
TimecKMM xapaicrep HocwnM ramKe nepeAa^n «Cbo- 
6oahom Poccnn». HaQSL KapronKe 1962 r. n3o6pawe- 
Ha 3M6neMa HapoAHO-TpyAoaoro Cot03a. am-eHHa n 
MMKpoaeTo6yc * Volkswagens c nepeAaT-MKOM «Cbo- 
SoAHaw Poccwbs b 1950 r Bwwna b adpap m OPT 
flnnTenbHocib ee nporpaMMw nocreneHHo AOCTurna 
8 ^acos a cyn<n, 6bi/in Bioiio^eHbi AononwuTenbHbre 
nepeflaTHUKM na TawBaHe w b (Omhom Kopee. 

CoBexcKaw ceTb paAM03au4MTbi Qu/ia caMan Mom- 
Ha«, ho He eAHHCTBeHHaa. B 1 953 r. o6TjeKTbi MecTwo- 
ro ia flanbnero myiueHUB Hananii CTpowTb MexocnoBa- 
kmr. BonrapMB, rionbiua. BenrpwB n TflP. 5 Mapra 
1956 r. BennKo6pMTaHiiH Havana myiuMTb nepeAanw 
AdpnH a/ih Kwnpa. FpequH BOT8eT6noKnpoBa/ia Tpanc- 
JW14MH BBC. a Kht3m ao3ABnr 3acnoH Ha nacTOTax 
VOA. B 1 960 r OpaHMHn rnyiiinna «Fonoc CBoSoAnoro 
A/DKMpa». B 1962 r, Ky6a Havana paAH03aLAMTy npo- 
twb nepeAaw VOA Ha HcnaHCKOM aawKe B 1965 r. 



ww* kana org 




KPACHDE K0J1EC0 



Ma^mt,! paduocmamwu nocmano«Ku nottex (PflFI) 
a Banawvxe. MQCtcoecxafi o6/r 

Pofle3HH 3a6neana cumajiw BBC, a Be/iMKo6pnTaHns 
- paflHO BynaBaiio B 70-e roflN B3aMMHoe paflnorny- 
weHHe npHMeHnnw ErwneT w H3pawib Upan myiiinn 
nHOBemaHne TflP Ha nepcuACKOM H3bfKe, TpeuMR - 
«HeMeuKyto BoriHy» (Deutsche Welle - OW). 4nnu - 
nepeaaMM paAHOCTanmw Mockbw, BocroMHoro Eep- 

JIMHa. raBaHHbt. CO$MM M CTOKrO/lbMa. 

TpaHC/iflUMH RFE w VOA Ha cpeflHwx h flriMHHtiix 
Bonnax ocno)KHflna HexsaTxa ^acror b nacbiineHHOM 
esponePicKOM scfcuipe. B 1953 r. RFE BK/iKwuna nep- 
Bbin CB nepeflaiMHKnoAKOAOBbiM HasBaHneM « Eagle* 
(«Open»> MOiMHocTbio 50 kBt Ha Teppmopnn opr 
b6jih3h rpaHMLtbi MexocnoeaKHH PaAHO aMepwKanc- 
khx BOfiCK b TepMaHnn {American Forces Network - 
AFN) ocBo6oanjia nacTOTy 854 Kru, Ann nepeaaM RFE 
Ha MeujcKOM h cnoBaMKOM H3bixax Mexoc^oaaKMfl Ha- 
vana rnyuieHHe. flaHHOw 4acTOToii n3AaBHa norib30- 
Bancfi Byxapecx. B TeMHoe BpeMfl cyTOK KaKocponHH 
MexocnoBauKHx nowex n nporpaMNia RFE yxyAiumia 
cnbiLUMMOCTb rocyAapcTBeHHOro paflno e PyMbiHun 
Pa3pa3HJics koh<Jmihkt npara cwsina rrryweHMe, a 
BCKope MacToiy 854 k[~u riOKWHyna h RFE. 

B 1953 r. e parioHe MiOHxewa (Erching) nanan 
pa6oTy AnnHHOBOJiHOBWki nepeAarHMK VOA moimhoc- 
TbKi 1000 kBt. Oh 3aHnn MacTOTHbitf xaHan 173 kTh, 
BbiAe/ieHHbivi arm coBe-rcKoro BHyrpncoK)3Horo eema- 
hwr AMepMKaHCKwti nepeAaTHMK mna Continental 
105B nmajncq ot 5 AHsent-reHepaTopoa, b ^ac no- 
TpeSnflBinnx 560nMTpoBTonxiHBa. MeraBarrHHKTpaHC- 
nnpoaan nepeAa^M VOA Ha pyccKOM (Ann coeeTCKHx 
BoeHHOcnyxaiAHx b TflP w MCCP). aHrmiticKOM. Meiu- 
ckom, cnoBauxOM. nonbCKOM n aenrepCKOM H3biKax. a 
TatoKe nporpaMMy RIAS Ha HeMeuraM TflP m MCCP 
He3aMeAnn"renbHO HaMann myujeHne CCCP Ha 4ac- 
TOTe 173 kFm pa3BepHyn cunxpoceTb I rtporpaMMbt 
BcecoK>3Horo p3A«o o6iAe* MomHoctbio 6onee 3000 
kBt. CraHUMB Erching pa&OTana b 1953-1963 v\ 1968- 
1973 IT. 

Bo speMfl norenneHufi MeMyiynapoAHbix OTHOiue- 
hmm CCCP ABaxww npeKpamaji rnyiueHne nepeAan 
BBC, DW h VOA: ot 19 hkjhh 1963 r ao 21 aBryora 
1968 r MBHOBbOT 10 ceHTn6pn 1973 r.AO 20 a Bryda 
1980 r. B OTBeT aMepwKaHLibi Bbucnso^ann cboh mioh- 
xeHCKwft nepeASTMHK, curHaribi KOToporo 6wnn cnbiiu- 
Hbi b 3anaAHbix pawoHax CCCP OcBoooAMBwuecn 



KOpOTKOBonHOBwe moluhocth CCCP nepeSpacbiBan 
Ha noAaBnenvie RL. «[~onoca l/l3pawia», paAnocTaH- 
i4«k FleKHHa vi TwpaHbi KorAa CUJA nocrponrw b <t>PI" 
cpeAHeBonHOBbiM perpaHcnaTop VOA (1 1 96 kFm, 300 
KBT).Haer04acTOTeBMnHcxe6biriSKriiO4eH nepeAaT- 

HHK «MaflKa» MOLUHOCTblO 50 kBt. 

B MapTe 1977 r. npe3MAeHT CLUA flx. Kaprep 
oSparnncfi b KoHrpecc c npocb6ow BbiAen^Tb cpeA- 
craa una nOKynxw 11 hobwx 250-KnnoBarrHbix KB 
nepeAaTHMKoa ypoeeHb roAosoro tpMHaHcupoaaHHfl 
RFDRL b 70-e roAW cocTaBfinn oxono 50 mjim. Aorna- 

pOB, a B 80-e BWP0C AO 227 MflH 

ripesnAeHT P PewraH b 1 983 r. yTBepAnn naTH- 
neTHnii nnaH paciuiipeHHR nepeAaioLnMX ceiew VOA H 
RFE/RL Ha noxynxy 102 nepeAarHMKOB MOiAHOCTbio 
250 m 500 KBTBb)Aenwnn 1 .3 MnpA AonriapOB AMepw- 
Kanubi nocTponnn HOBbie paAiocraHqHM b nopTyra- 
riHM (Maxoqueira)M Mapoxxo (Briech) BuiOHe 1987 r 
BIB noAnwcan cornaiueHMe c HspawneM o CTpowTenb- 
CTse csepxMomHoro paAwoueHTpa RFE/RL n VOA 
(16x500 kBt). fleno copsanocb M3-3a npoTecTos Mec- 
THbtx «3eneHt»ix» onacaBiunxca. mto aHTeHHw noBpe- 
ART nepenetHbiM nTuqaM Taxwx npoGneM He Sbino b 
Mcnanwn, rAe na paAnoqeHTpe nnan-Ae-na^bc moia- 
hocth ^eTbipex 250-K^noaaTTnbix KB nepeAamMKOB 
cjioJKmiM Ha OAny aHTeHHy. npniunocb orpaHWHUTb 
npuBpewHce nnaBaHwe cyAOB, moSbi pbi6aKn He no- 
na^n b n0TOKpaAH0M3fiyHeHMfi, yxoA^iuero a CTopony 
CpeAM3eMHoro Mopn. 

B 1984 r. Sbtno npMHHTO ceKpeTHoe nocTaHOBne- 
Hwe nonnTtiopo UK KflCC wCoBeia Mmhhctpob CCCP 
o crponTe/ibCTBe 18 PFin no 15-20 nepeAaiHUKOB 
CeKpeTapbUKKnnc E JlwranesunpeAceAaTeribKrE 
B 4e6pnKOB b nwcbiwe b UK KDCC ot 25 ceHTnOpfi 
1986 r, «0 npeKpaiueHnn rnyiueHwi nepeAa^ paAWO- 
CTaHUMii «Tonoc AMepMxn». «Bm-6m-Cm», «PaAMO IHe- 

KHHa» M «PaAHO KOpekt» » OTMeTHJlH. i4TO «Cp6ACTBa- 

mh AaiibHeii h SnuwHew 3amnTbi c pasHofi crreneHbio 
300eKTHBHOCTn nepeKpwBawTCfl perwoHW CTpaHW, b 
kotopwx npo>KMBaioT OKono 100-130 mdh HenoBexn 
CneAoeaTeribHo, oxono nonoBMHw wi^reneM CoBeTc- 
Koro CoK)3a nMenw B03MO)KHOCTb cnyiuaTb sana^Hwe 
paA^oronoca. Ro cnoBaM B. MeSpMKOBa m E Jlnra4e- 
Ba. «o6ecneHeHne xa^ecTBeHHoro rjiyiueHun Ha acew 
TeppnTopmn CCCP flBnneTcn TpyAHO ocyuuecTBMMOw 
a rexHunecKOM nnaHe 3aAa^ew m TpeSyeT 3HannTenb- 
hwx waTepvianbHbix 33TpaT» B OTBeT Ha yBenimeHwe 
moiuhoctm paAHQMeHTpOB RFE/RL CoBeiCKMM Coos 
HaMepeBajics nocTpoiiTb Pfin Aa^bHeti 3aiAMTbi b 
CupwH n bo Bbe™aMe 

C Havana 50-x toaob CCCP m trrpaHbt BoctohhoiS 
EBponw Benn KOOpAKHnpoBaHHbiii o6mbh no Aanbne- 
My paAMOnoAaBneHHKJ Bwxoa b 3<pnp RFE/RL noc^y- 
xidn TonMKOM AHf ero pa3BnTKR CoBMecTHyio paA^o- 
aaaiwTy npownniocTpMpyeM na npniwepe nonbcxoS 
cnywSbi RFE. B xonije neTa 1951 r navanbHMx rnaB- 
Horo paAnoynpaBJieHUR MuHKCTepCTBa CBH3M CCCP 
A >KapOB c xonneraMU CaBKOBwM v\ Das^OBvmeM 
noceTunn no/ibCKVie paAHOqeHrrpbt Bapiuaebt, LUeqM- 
na, TAaHbCKa, TAbiHM, Kpaxoea. KaTOBnu h PaAOMa 
npeAnoxteHUH o cosashhh coBMec™oS cucieMbi pa- 



KAPTA r»43-«4 JOOS 



4 rouEHE 



121 



AnonoflaBneHun A >Kapoa BpyMtui MMHwcrpy cbjmm H. 
ricypuesy b cnpasne ot 15 ceHTa6pH 1 951 r 24 nexaQ- 
pa coBercKoe npaenTenbCTBO npunwio nocraHOBjie- 
Hwe N9 4028/1849. flnn 6opb6bi c «aHTnnoribCKOM pa- 
AnonponaraHflow» pewnnvi 3aaeiiCTBOBaTb nepeAar- 
mmkh b CCCP Mmhmctp oSmecTeeHHoro npaBonopuA- 
Ka riojibiuM C PaflKeBMM naAan npiixas Na 0171 o 
C03A3HHH CJiy*c6bi «BO» c «nyHKT3MM K» (Pfiri) e 
BapujaBe. KpaKoae, no3Hann. Bpounaae, JIdash, l±(e- 
uuHe Bbiflrome n KaioBnuax 

rnytueHne nepeaaM RFE a rtonbiue HaHanocb a 
Mae 1952 r v> npoAon*a/iocb ao 24 HOfl6pn 1956 r Bo 
MHorvix ropoflax Ha PTITl pa6oTa/in KB nepeaaTMUKn 
MOiyHOCTbio 1-10 kBt, Hx ctcoHCTpyupoaan aau a^- 
peKTopa ynpasneHun paflMOCTaHUHM (Zarzad 
Radtostacji - ZR) nHx<eHep (I, QJmht (J. Szmrt) 3a 
yaaHMyK) pa3pa6oTKy OAHOTaKTHbix cneu nepeaaT^n- 
kob eMy Bpynnnw no/ibCuyKJ rocyaapcTBeHHyro npe- 
MMto «UJMirroBKn» ycTaHaBfinBann s no^TawTax m Apy- 
rnx 3flaMHRx rocyAapcTBeHHwx ynpewAeHWK Ha Kpbt- 
uuax crpoeHUM noABetuHBann npoBO/iOHHwe annonn 
«Brfl» (Bn6paTop ropn30HTanbHbiwAnana30HHbiM. flM- 
norib C HaaeHeHKo) h «BrflLU» (wyHTOBbiti, c psctiJH- 
peHHbiM janana30«OM MacrroT). B Bapujase paflnono- 
AaBnewMe Benw 4eTbipe Pnri; Ha 13-m 3Ta>xe Muhh- 
CTepciea CBB3M no yn Xany6nHCKoro 4/6 (12 KB nepe- 
aaT^nKOB). Boane MaxoTOBCKoro cpopTa, a AMpeKumi 
>Kene3Hux AOpor \a Ha paAnocTaHumi PawHHa (50- 
KmioBaTTHbtii CB nepeflaT^HK). flnn nonbCKOH 08TM 
5nn>KHeii paAH03auj/Tw HexocnoBauKaa cpupwa 
«Tesla» b Hanane 70-x roaos nocraBwna 17 KB nepe- 
aaT^nKOB rwna «KV-1» MouiHocTbro 1 *Bt. 

MecTHoCTb, yaaneHMyio ot ropoflos 6onee ^eM Ha 
30 km, aaupbiBariM PDfl AanbHew samnibi c nepeaar- 
HMtsaMM MouiHOCTbto 10-50 kBt. HIonbCKMe Pnn pafio- 
Tarm ooa HaAaopoM cnywSbi 6e3onacHOc™ - UB B 
1955 r. ceTb paAnonoAaBnennq Bunion ana 249 nepe- 
flaTHWKOB. B aeKafipe 1956 r. BoctrraBLuafl nonbCKaa 
o6mecTeeHHOCTb A06nnacb chbtusi paAwonOMex. 52 
KB w 1 1 CB nepeAaTHMKOB 6binn nepeaaHw (loribCKOMy 
paflno flonbCKyw cny>K6y RFE npoAonxanw rnytiJUTb 
M3 BonrapuM (ao anpena 1962 r), 8ewrpnn (ao Mapra 
1963 r), PyMbiHvin (floceHTnBpn 1963 r.), Hexoaiosa- 
k/h (ao Man 1964 r.) vt CCCP. ypoeeHb noMex ana^n- 
TenbHO CHM3H/1CH b Hon6pe 1964 r.. KOraa rnyuiCHMe 
npoAO^JKan oahh o6beKT bo JlbBOBecnosbiBHbiM «fir», 
a sneKipoHKbiti uuyM 3aM6Hnnn na «MaaK» 

DepeAaMH «ro/ioca AMepwKM» Ha no/ibCKOM fl3w- 
Ke CCCP rnyiUHn ao hkjha 1963 r., v\ BHOBb c AeKa6pn 
1 981 r. CoaeTCKMii Cokm ae/i AanbHee paAnonoAaB/ie- 
Htte Ha PyMbiHMKj (ao 30 Mtonn 1963 r.), BeHrpmo (ao 
SHsapfl 1964 r., KpoMe Pnn HBaHo-*paHKOBcxa). Me- 
xoc/iOBaKMK) m EonrapuKj (ao sHBapa 1988 r.). 

B Mapre 1 970 r BapiuaBa BbicTynnna c pe3KHMn 
HanaAKaMn b aapec RFE aa «nCKa>KeHHoe ocBemeHMe)i> 
npaBHTenbCTBeHHbix neperoBOpoa nonbiuM c <t>pr, 
nocne 14-neTHero nepepbiBa HananH roTOBMTbcs k 
BO3o6HOBneHn»0 rnytueHun nepeaa 1 * RFE Ha nonbCKOM 
aabiKe. no A3HHWM nH3«eHepHoiS cnyxrfibi RFE. 11-27 
AeKaSpn 1970 r. paAHOMeHTp nonbcxoro HHOBemaHMR b 
nemnH«e nOA Bapujasovi nposen cepnio «My3biKanb- 



Hbtx TpaHcnqunM» Ha nacTOTax nonbCKOti cny>K6bi RFE 
B CBA3M co oiaGfaiM noKpbiTMeM CTpaHti s A^ana30Hax 
13, 16, 19 h 25 MeTpoB npMLu/iocb ncKaTb Apyoe 
peiueHiie TocyAapcTBeHHan paflHOnncneKmifl 
Donbujn nonynwria yKasaHne npoaepnTb K34ecTBo 
npHeMa nepeAan MocKOBCKoro paAno. flannwe npo- 
cnytuMBaHMH 0(<a3anncb xopOLuuMu fljiH mytueHiis 
peujHnw aaAevicTBOBaTb nepeA3TMMKn «6paTCKKix 
CTpan» 

Ha Do/ibCKOM paAwo 33nwcann neHTw c MysbiKow 
b McnojiHeHHH SHcawSnew 3anaAHbix n CQuna/incTn- 
MecKMx cTpan, KpoMe CCCP. PenepTyap 6bin Aocra- 
TOHHonecTpbtfl:oT«rioneTaLiJMe/ifl»,TaHroM«BMTn3» 
ao noribKH. AJtaaa w Ky6nHCKnx opKecTpOB. HectcoribKo 
cryAHPiHbix MamMTocpoHOB 6wno ycTaHosneHO s Te- 
rte0OHHow cTaHUMH BapiuBBbi (Gtowny Urzad 
Telekomunikacji Miedzymtastowej - GUTM) Ha yn 
HoBorpOA3KOti. «My3biKa/ibHyio nporpaMMy» xi3 Bap- 
uiaBbi nepes MocKBy pacnpeAenfuiM no KB paA"oueH- 

Tp3M CCCP. 

16 MapTa 1971 r. Ha sacTorax no^bCKoii cnyntfibi 
RFE 3apa60Tann coBeTCKHe nepeAaTMUKM. OAMy nac- 
TOTy b A^anasoHe 13 m ocTaansuiM OTKpbiTOM fin* 
cnywe6Horo noJib3oaaHHfl OnpeAe/ieHHwe paAwo- 
CTaHUUM noA6npanncb no ycroBwsiM npoxo)KAeHMH 

paAMOBO^H, B 3aBMCWMOCTM OT M3CT0TW. BpeMeHU 

cyroK h ceaoHa Hwwe nepeMwcneHbi paA^oueHTpbi 
CCCP, pacnono>KeHHbie HaonTMMaxibHbix paccTOAHM- 
six pj] 9 r/iyuueHUH Ha rto/ibuiy: 



flnanajOHhi 

4Mfu 
6, 7. 9 Ml"u 
11 Mrq 
15MT M 
17. 21 Mfu 


CpeAHnn nnwHa noAXOAnmne 
nepeoro cuaHKa paflHOueHrpbi 

800 km KMea. TpuropMynofib 
120041500 km* JleKMHrpaA. Mocwa 
1800 km KpacHOAap. KytiSbiiueB 
2600 km CsepAnoBCK, Epeaan 
3000-3500 km TatuxeHT. ArMa-ATa 



'j£Jnu«a CKawa paduocusHana ompaxeHHOeo om uohoc* 
<fmpbi. saeucum om ceaowa soda HanpuMep. drrn pa6o- 
mbi Ha rionbuiy s duana30he 9 W« (31 M) a 9 vac ympa 
nemoi* ziyvtue ecoao nodxodun PaHUHspad. a 3uuo0 - 
CeepdnoeCK 

KoHTponb sa Ka^ecTBOM rnyuteHMs ocymecTBnn- 
na nonbCKafl rocyAapcTBeHnan paa«onHcneKLins 
(Panstwowa Inspekqa Radiowa - PIR) TnaeHbiw mo- 
HUTopMbin nyHKT own pacKBapTMpoBaH Ha npnewHoii 
paAHOcraHUMM e Bopyne. 40 km BOCTOMHee BapmaBbi 
CoTpyAHWKvt Ha3bsarin 3tot cneuoTAen «2-w iwacTep- 
cko«». rfle b cMene paSoTann Aaa oneparopa. flns 
npocnywHBaHMfl 30npa 6binn ycTaHOB/ieHw CBH3Hbie 
paAwonpneMHHKM cbupMbi «Racai» Tuna «RA-1772». 
flpnew Bencn Ha BepTMKanbHOfi UTbtpeBoii BceHan- 
paBiieHHofi aHTeHHe awcoToft 15 m. Ka^bie 4 Haca no 
TexieTawny nocrrynanvt panopTw «3 6 perMOHajibHbix 
nyHKTOB paA^OKOHTporifl Ha ocnOBe scex panopTOB 
cocTaBnflnncb ycpeAHeHHbie cyTcwnwe cboakm ati* 
PIR flnfl BHeceHna Heo6xoA«Mbtx nonpaBOK b pacnw- 
caHiie paSOTu nepeAaTHMKOB ASHHbie paflnOKOHTpo- 
/is Mepea MuHMcrepcTBo cbb3m rionbiUM nocwnanncb 
BMocKBy ypoeeHb rjiyiueHtifl Bbipawajica AByxqHtppo- 



www kana org 




IPACIOE KOJIECO 



Coeemcxatt cbomoseumauun AmapamHbtii isn (a we 

eecmu6iom>> anamtoao paduoueumpa RFE/RL e rnopuu. 

nopmyaanuR 1 1x250 xBm. 8x100 xBm KB pepedanwuMoe, 

1988 sod 



bom oqeHKofi - Hanpuwep. «1/4» SHa^wio nnoxyio 
cnbtiuHMOCTb noAaenReMow pafl/ocraHLiMM m cn/ib- 
Hyio noMexy. CneqnanncTbi PIR cTonKHynncb c npo- 
6neMOii nfleHTucJjtiKaMUM cobctckmx paAHOMempoB, 
TpaMC^npoBaBuj^x My3biKy Ha ^acTOTax RFE. rio 
npocb6e nonbujn b 1 976 r paAHoqeHTpaM npHCBOH/iw 
no3biBHbie H3 un0pbi m 6yKBW. Mop3BHKa npepwsana 
My3biKy oflHaiKflbi b MHHyry PaAHoqeHTp Bopyne ratc- 
we se/i npwew 3anaAHbix paAWOBeuoaTenbHbix CTaw- 
lihiS c noMOLnbio nanpaBJieHHbix KB anreHH. Mx npo- 
rpaMMw nocw/ia/iHCb b ony)K6y «paflnonepexBaTa» 
DonbCKOro paflno Ha y/i. Co6ecKoro, 1 02. Ann sanncn 
n pacnenaTKn y3KOwy Kpyry pyKOBOAsmnx rum. 

B 1997 r H KpecrbHHMHOBa, 25 neT pyKOBOA^B- 
mafl coaeTCKOM cucTeMow paanosamufbi e TenecpOH- 
hom pa3roBope c aaTopOM 3tom cTatbH noATBepAwna. 
mto «My3WKa tuna To/ibKO Ha nonflKOB». Ha xaJKayto 
paAnocTaHMMio wysbiKy nofiaBann c 2-3 MamwTOtpo- 
hob Mx sanycKanw no okohh3hhm nneHKH Ha npeAbiAy- 
meM annapaie fl^iueribHOCTb cpoHorpaMM-o6wMHO 
45 mmh. - 6bina paBna BpeMem* 3By4aH«fl n/ieHKH 
A/imhow 1 000 m Ha CTyflMiSHbix MamMTOtponax CO cko- 
poCTbto 38,1 CM/cex H3BecTHO, MTO b Ha^ane 70-x 
aMysbiKa/ibHas nporpaMMa» nocrynaria m BapwaBW 
Ana ycTpaHeHws neyAoScTB, CBflsaHHwx c ncnonbso- 
BaHHeMAnnMHbixcoeAUHMTeribHbixriMHMM.cxeMycBfi- 
3M ynpocrnnn. OoHOrpaMMbi CTann BOcnpowsBOAHTb 
wa KKn cobstckhx Pnn. K cepeAUHe 70-x tbm 6bmn 
ycTaHoeneHbi KaryujenHbie MamnTotpoHbi «TeM6p- 
2M» a^w nofla^H pesenoAo6Horo cHrnana. Ha ckopo- 
ctm 9,53 cwi/ceK. neHTbi AfiHHOtf 250 M aeynann 45 
MMHyT 06paTHaa nepeMOTxa ^nv\nact 35-40 ceKyHfl. 
mo Towe yKa3biBaeT Ha A^HHy He 6onee 250 m. B3a- 
MeH usHOiueHHbtx pynoHOB 3anncbiBann CBewwe pa- 
5o>Hne Konnvi. 

B 1971-1980 ft Ha ^acroTax riojibCKOti cny>K6bi 
RFE npocnyLUHBanacb My3btKanbHaa noiwexa c no- 
3blBHblMH«ir». «1fl». «4H».«4*», «7K». «7M»,«8A», 
«8J1». B 1980-1988 rr Te we noswBHbie SByManw c 
peMenoAo6HbiM cnrnanoM Me)«AynapoflHbiM coios 

3^eKTpOCBfl3M yCT3H0Bnn MeCTOHaXOHCACHMe MCTOM- 

hhkoh paAnonoMex y ^eHUHrpafla. Kwesa. CaepAnoB- 



CK3 (EKaTepMHQypra}, A/iMa-ATbi, TaiDKeHTa h Kyi*6bi- 
oieBa (CawapbiJ KoopAHHaTw neneHraqnw coenaAa- 
»ot c MeCTOwaxowAeHHeM 3 paAnoqeHTpoB. npuMe- 

HBBLUMXCR Aflfl HHOBemaHUfl H3 llO^bUJy. 

CornacHO AOKyweHiy «M3MeHeHwfl no KaHanaM 
nHOBeLiiaHMfl», nporpaMMy Mockobckoto paAHo Ha 
nonbCKOM H3biKe no Kanany «H-7» noaaeann na p/c 
Kyi*6bfweBa, no Kana/iy «H-48» - b CBepAnoBCK, no 
xaHa^y «AH-1 » - b A^iwa-Ary (o6beKT Ns 840} nepe- 
HeHb aHTeHHoro xosflScTaa paanoueHTpoB rowe cbm- 
AeTenbCisyeT o tom, hto bo Bcex p/c, OTKyAa mnn 
nowiexM na rio/ibwy. nMenncb aHTeHHbi HanpaBnen- 
Hbie «a ueHTpajibnyio Eepony. (lo Aa«HbiM mohmtop- 
hom cnyw6bi BBC, ao 1980 r MysbiKaribHo-paaBneKa- 
TeribHyw «TpoiiKy» BapiuaBCKoro paA^o TpaHcnupo- 
sann u Mepe3 KB nepeAaTHUKH 8 CCCP Ha MacTOTax 
6035. 7180 K 9755 kVu (p3AH0CTaHqnui JleHUHrpaAa n 
Kyw6biLueBa) fxrm Toro. hto6w cosAaTb anbTepHainay 
nonbCKoii cny>K6e RFE 

A/ih noA3BneHn« RFE npHMennnH aMnnnTyAHyo 
(A3E) m nacTOTHyio <F3) MOAynsunio KofAa yposeHb 
noiwex B rionbLue 6bin cnmuxoM hh3khm. BtyitoManw 
AonoriHMTenbHbie nepeaaTHMKM. hs hto yxaswBanH 
pa3/iviHHbteno3biBHbten MysbiKanbHbie nporpaMMw B 
cepeAMHe 70-x oflHaxcAb) Myswxa Heflenio 3ByMana B 
nycTOM 3tpnpe RFE noxuHyna 4acT0Ty, a onepaiopw 
rnyiueHWfl nepexoAa ne 3awe™nM nonbCKan cny>K6a 
RFE paooTana na 5-8 nacTOTax OAHOBpeMeHHo HHor- 
Aa HewcnpaBHbie nepeAaTMHxw myiueHHs M3nyHann 
cvinbHbie napaswxHbie cwrHanbi, Hanpi^Mep. MysbiKanb- 
H3fl nporpaMMa Ha nacTOTe 9695 xfu 6biJia cnwiuHa Ha 
coceAHwx MacTOTax: 
...966S^9675<-968S4- 9695>fru ^9706^971S^972S->., 

20 asrycia 1980 r BMecto My3biKM 3a3ByMa/i 
npeHenoAoSHHM cMrHaji»- BnepBwe 6binn saKpbiTbi 
MacroTbi RFE b Ananasone 13 MeTpoB. 

B 1985 r. nonbCKyio cnyw6y RFE rn^wv\nw c 7 00 
yrpa ao 2:10 homm no MocKOBCKOMy BpeMeHM Ha 5-8 
MacTOTax no 1 1 5 KaHano-qacoa b cyTKM rtpnxoAnnocb 
co3A3BaTb nepeeec no molahoctw, HanpuMep, Ha Ma- 
CTOTe, rAe pa6oTan 250-KnnoBarrHbtM nepeflaTMMK 
RFE. BKiuoManu napy nepeAamnxoB b DonoBKe 06- 

mew MOlAHOCTbK) 400 KBT. n03b)BHOM «1T». CyT0MH3fl 

BbipaBoTKa cocTaB^sina oKono 180 nepeAaTMWKo-Ma- 

COS Flo 3K0HOMHH6CKHM nOHflTMSM TOfO BpeMeHH. 

«i4eHa npoflyKqwn» paAHOBemaTeribHoro nepeASTHw- 
xa MOLiiHOCTbHa 200 kBt paBHR/iacb 43 py6 b nac 
TaKHM o6pa30M, p3A^onoAaB^eHne nonbCKwx nepe- 
fl34RFEcTon/iono2.8 Mnn py6neiiBroA. asa 17xmt 
ooouj/iocb nwnn b 50 MunnnoHOB. 

PacxoAbi onpaBAanw ce6« TonbKo nacTH4HO, 
MoHMTopHan cny«6a RFE/RL perynnpHO oueHHBana 
KanecTBO cboux TpaHcnftquft. Flo cpsBneHmo c ceH- 
ifi6peM 1970 r,, xor^a noMex He 6wno b Mae 1971 r. 
aibiwuMOCTb b Bene w SanaAHOM EepnHHe yxyfltuw- 
jiacb b ABa pasa. Ho. xoth w c noMexaMn, npunnMaTb 
nporpaMMy Bee eme 6wno bo3moj«ho b 40% cnyMaeB 
flononHMTenbHo trrowno AanbHee paAnonoAaBneHwe 
M3 CCCP nonbCKHx nepeAa^ BBC, VOA, ao 1976 r. - 
v\ DW. TocyAapCTBO He xaneno cpeACTB Ha BHyrpeH- 
hkjkj n BHeujHioK) paAwoueHsypy. xots b 80-x roAax 



KAPT* W 43-44 200$ 






4 



MEHHE 



123 



nH0opMautTOHHafl TenenporpaMMa «BpeMn» Ka»<AbM 
ae^ep npocuna ap^TeneM «BNKriK>HMTb rinnjHne npn- 
Sopbi ocsemeHMHo. 

rionbiua flo KOHLta HonBpfi 1 956 r Bena AanbHee 
paAHonoAaBneHHe Ha CCCP, HexocnoBaxMto Bonra- 

pM« M BeHrpHK) H3 06beKT08 flMfl36apKa BapMMHbCKO- 

ro. B6H30BHW (noA BapujaeoM) n Tbixosa (b pawOHe 
LUeuHHa). ComacHonpOTOKonaM, nOAnMcaHHwM npefl- 
CTaBwrenfMn MuHnciepcTB cbr3m h BHyrpeHHMx aen 
nHPuMCCP 17,03.1954 r,M 8,03, 1955 r.,B/l Mfl3 6ap- 
xe BapMUHbCKOM nnaHMpoBanocb ycraHoaurb 10. a 
TuxoBe nofl CTaprapAOM - 12 KB nepeAaTHMKoa 
MOiMHoCTbto no 50 kBt Kpowe roro. ana oGMeHa 
paAHonoflaBfienneM cHexocnoBaKMeM MflpyrviMM coq 
GTpaHaMM bo Bpounaae coBupanncb ycraHOBHTb 2 CB 
nepeAaT^MKaTnna«SRV-30». BTwxOBe-2CB nepe- 
aaTMUKa no 120 kBt rionbtua oonaanacb nociaBHTb b 
MCCP 30 KB nepeaatvuKOB (10 kBt). n/iaHbt coTpyA- 
HiwecTBa o6opBanncb s HOBSpe 1956 r.. xorAa Bap- 
LuaBa nepeAana ripare ocpnqHanbHyK) npocb6y o npe- 
KpameHHM myujeHHfl nonbCKOH3bmHwx nepeAan VOA. 
BBC. paAnocTaHLiMiS rtapn>Ka, PuMa n BaTMKaHa. a 
BCKOpe-MMioHxeHCKOtf RFE 26.1 1.1956 r. npeicpaTM- 
nocb rnyujeHMe, nanpaBneHHoe us HCCP Ha l"IHP. 
29.11 - n b o6p3THOM HanpaBneHUM CoxpaHUBiunecfl 
AOKyMeHTw cBMAeTe/ibCTBytoTo tom. mto qSuimm oSteM 
Aa/ibHe« nocTaHOBKH paA^onoMex H3 HexocnoeaKHH 
Ha Horibwy cocTaBrmn OKono 24 HacTOTo/4acoB s 
cyrKM. TorAa KaK M3 F1HP Ha noribwy- Bcero oxorto 10 
HacTOTo/^acoB. npn oSMene ycnyraMM Bapwaea 3B- 
AOnwana MocxBe Kax, BnpoMeM. w Cotpufl c nparoii - 
aeAb CoBexCKtiM Cotoa rnytunn sanaAHwe nepeAa^w 
Ha 6o/irapCKOM. msluckom, enoBauKOM nawtox. CHeTw 
sa Aa^bH<oto paAnosam^Ty noBbicunw 3aflOJi)«eHHOC- 
tm coucTpaH. Bo3mo)kho. ^to ohm noKpwaa/iMCb no- 

CTSBKaMM B CCCP npOMblUJnBHHblX M nDOAOBOHb- 

CTBeHHbix ToeapoB 3Ta o6nacTb coTpyAHMMecrea 
wieayiy cTpaHaMn CoBera aKOHOMwsecKOM B3anMono- 
moiah (C3B) 3acny>KMBaeT AanbHeiiiuero M3yH6HMfl 

nocne PaAOMCKHX coSwtmm 1976 r nonbiua npM- 
CTynmia k myuteHHto RFE s AMana30He CB C 3toh 
uenbio nepeASTMMKH II nporpaMMbi nojibcxoro (150 
kBt) b Bonn PauiTOBCKOM. KaTOBMnax, BpounaBe m 
U^euMHe 5binn nepecrpoeHbi c 818 k["m na 719 xrq 
ripnew RFE M3 MranxeHa SHaMmenbHO yxyAUiMnca. B 
AHeeHoe BpeMs nporpaMiwy RFE Ha tow we BonHe 
myujMna MexocnoBaKnn riojiboia He SnoKHpoBana 
nepeAa^ VOA (1196 kFli), ho hx npneM ocnowHJina 
CMHxpocerb b Benopyccnn B 1987 r. npeMbep Yp6aH 
b floKAOHe o6t.flBnn o cttopoM npeKpaLneHUM r^yiue- 
HMfl floMexn CTwxnn b HHBape 1988 r 

B CTaTbe itrnyiueHne sapySewHoro paAnoseiAa- 
HMfl b MexocnoBaKHM» n. ToMeK npHBOAKi" AaHHbie o 
TOM. hto Pnn 6n«)KHeH saiAKTbi HMenwcb b 18 ropo- 
Aax (135 KB nepeAaxHHKOB MOU4HOCTb(0 1 kBt). B 
nnb3eHe m Kouinue paSoTanw Pfin AanbHew 3amwTbi 
(19x10 kBt. 10x1 kBt) KpoMe toto. Pnn y ropOAOB 
noAe5paAbt, JlHTOMbicn. PwMaBcxa Co6oTa m JImto- 
een (35x18-50 kBt) c KKn b r flparenbHvtub) Berin 
myweHwe Ha CCCP, nonbiuy n Bo/irapHto. a ao 1962 
roAa - m na BeHrpMto, PyMWHUKj, B cbokj o^epefib. 




Wemwpe 6awnu ewcomod 85 u 65 m. wexdy humu - 3 

anmeHHbi «Crj]v Onn duenasoHoe 16/19. 25/31 u 41/49 

uempoe hs paduocmaHuttu CumKynau e Pumee. Asvuym 

259* - drm unooemaHUR na 3anad»yio Eepony. 79* - drw 

eeiuaHuo unu znyweHux «a Poccuio v Kasaxcmaw. 



MocKBa. BapiuaBa CotpMS, EyAaneuiT h ByxapecT 
rnyujunM nepeAaMH aanaAHbix paAHocTaHqMM, HanpaB- 
neHHbie Ha MexocnOBaxHto. fln« coBMecTHow paAno- 
samnThi c nonbuiew h ApyniMM coti CTpaHaMM b 1956 
r MCCP naMepeBanacb ycTaHOBnTb 10 CB nepeAaT- 
HHKOBHa6paAnocTaHL4Mqx(1x100, 1x80. 8x40 kBt). a 
TaKwe nocTpowTb HOBbiii 06-beicr b 3anaAHO« Mexnn 
A/is noAaBJieHvtfl flB TpaHCnnuMM oBiyeii MomHocrbio 
400 kBt 3a6nBKa nepeAan VOA m BBC Ha MeiucKOM « 
cnoBauKOM R3UK3X Ha^anacb b aBrycTe 1949 r m 
npoAon)Ka^acb ao 1 anpensi 1964 r HexocnoBaKHfl 
Bena noMexn Ha no^bujy ao AeKa6pa 1956 r . Ha 
BeHrpMto — ao 1964 r., nocne Mero oSmch AaribHMM 
paA^onoAaBneHtieM MMen MecTO TonbKO Mexyiy He- 
xocnOBaKMeM w CoBeTCKUM Cokisom B aarycTe 1 968 r 
HCCP npeKpaTwjia rnyuieHMe RFE/RL, ho HeHaflonro 
flanbHee paAMonoAasneHMe wa CCCP ne cTvtxajio. a 
ypOBeHb MecTHbix noMex 6bin BoccTaHOBneH ao anpe- 
nn 1969 r npon360AMnacb 3a6MBKa 15 3apy6e>KHbix 
paAMOcraHLiMM Ha 6onee 100 nacroT c noMOiAbto 120 
KB m CflB nepeflaTMMKOB (1-30 kBt). 

BonrapMR rnyiiiMna nepeAa^M VOA (c 1949 r ao 
cenTfiQpq 1974 r), RFE(c1952r Ao27AeKa6pn 1988 
roAa), BBCwDWaTatoKe TpaHcnMpoBananoMexwHa 
Apyrwe com CTpaHw PyMWHMn nonHocTbto npeicpaTM- 
na rnyujeHMe 29 mona 1963 r , BenrpMH - 1 cpeBpann 
1964 r TflP b 1952 r pa3BepHynaceTb52 nepeflaTMn- 



*/** kanm org 



124 



4 KPACHQE K0J1ECD 




BawHf) cmaHuuu utecmHoeo paduosnyuienun e 7annune 



kob MomHOCTbto 1 -2 kBt fliw myiueHUH nporpaMMW p' 
c RIAS Ha CB nacroTax 683. 737. 854 n 989 Kl~i4 
flepeflaTMHKM 6bi/in HacipoeHbi wecKoribKO cot repq b 
CTopoHy ot nacTOT R!AS B pe3y/ibTaTe 6neHMM Hecy- 
mux b 3<$npe asy^an xapaKTepHtiw ryn. noMexn 3a- 
™xnn b HOfl6pe 1978 r. nocne BCTynneHMfl b cn/iy 
HOBoro >KeHescKoro n/iana 4acTor B 50-e roflbi my- 
ujenwe HMeno Mecro n e KDrocnasktu. B KOHioe 90-x 
Benrpaa myuiuin nepeaa^H RFE/RL Ha cepocnoM sisbi- 
Ke, a TatOKe nacTHyio paAHOcraHLiMK) «B-92». 

B paannMHwe nepnoaw MeiKay 1945 v\ 1988 rr. 
CCCP rnywMn nepeaaHH 15 paawocraHLiwft hb pyc- 
ckom, yKpaviHcxoM, SenopyccKOM. /ihtobckom. naTbiuj- 

CKOM. 3CTOHCKOM. rpy3HHCK0M. apMRHCKOM. K33aXC- 

kom, y36eKc«OM n APy rwx H3WKax (c/ieayeT Ao6aBMTb 
SaprepHoe paflHonoAasneHne nepeaan Ha no/ibCKOM. 
MeuiCKOM. cnosayKOM vi 6onrapc«OM nabiKax): 

«Pafl«o CBo6oaa'CBo6oaHaR EBpona», CLUA 
«CBo6oflHaR Poccwb», (DPrrraMBaHb 
hTojioc AMepnKd». CUJA 

«Bh-Bm-Ch», BenMK06pMT3HHfl 

«HeMei4Kas BonHa». tDPr 

«ronoc H3pa«riH», M3pannb 

Paano rieKMHa. KHP 

«Paflno TnpaHa». AnOaHHS 

RNE, HcnaHUR 

ORTF. OpaHLikifl 

RAI, MTanwR 

CBC. KaHaaa 

Pafliio AcpraHMCTaHa 

Paa^o Benrpaaa. KDrooiaBun 

PaA^o BaTHKawa 



HHTepecHO. mto CCCP ne rporan oaHy NacroTy 
KwraiiCKoro paAno. na kotopom neHTa c 3anncbK> nepe- 
AaMU 3Bynana b o5paTH0M HanpasnenHn HasepHoe 
KHTaiiubt HaaejuiMCb. mto coseTCKne Pnn He craHyT 
r/iyuiMTb lOHan 3aanero xoAa, a naxoa^HBbie «aopo- 
rwe coBeTCKne paanocjiywaTenn» aoraaatoTcs 3ann- 
catb nporpaMMy na MamMTOtpoHbi. XmpocTb 33itn»o- 
nanacb b tom mto. Bocnpow3soa* nneHtcy 3aaoM Hane- 
pea. mowho Sbino npocnyuiaTb nepeAany 6es noMex 
Euje orv\h Tpiox. xapaKTepHwii TOnbKO an* «Ceo6oa- 
how Poccnn» v\ paano neKtwa - nepeorpoiiKa Macro- 
Tbi so Bpewm TpaHcnaiynH. He Bee Pnn ycneBarm 
BOSpeMn ycneanTb w HaKpbiTb annasaiomyiow uenb 

flO yXyflLUeHMfl COBeTCKO-KMTaWCKWX OTHOlDeHML*. c 

aeKa6pR 1954 r ao Man 1965 r . nenHHCicoe paaw 
nocbinano B Moocsy 3anncaHHbie paanonporpaMMbi 
Ha pyccKOM q3bixe, KOTopue nepeaaeanticb b acpvip no 
ueHrpa/ibHbiM paanocTaHLinflM CoBeTCKoro Cowaa. 

Unwenepw RFE/RL anf npopwea paavonoMex 
npwMeHflfm c/ieayiomwe MeToaw: 

1- 50/1 00-KnnoBaTTMbie nepeAaTMUKn MeHnnn Ha 
250/500 - KMnoBaiTHbte 

2 Ha OAHy anrenHy noAKnto^ajin ao 4 nepeaar- 
mhkob o6meM M0U4HOCTbto ao 1000 kBt 

3. CwnbHO cwnMann anHaMMHecKMvt m wacroTHbiti 
ananaaoHbi ssyxa. 

4. VBejiHMMBariH 4ncno oanoBpeMeHHO pa60Tato- 
m^x nepeA3T4WK08 ao 10 (pyccKO^ cny>K6bi RL - ao 
19). 

5. BenepaMM aonro pa6oTann e «aneBHbtx» aHa- 
nasoHax 13 16 n 19 MeTpos, ^toSw ao HacTynneHMB 
ho^m 3anaanyio nacTb CCCP aocrvirafin cwmaribi 
nepeAamHKOB RFE/RL m TepMaHnn, McnaHUM n flop- 
TyranMvt OrryAa KOpoTKwe paA^OBonHbi nen<o npuxo- 
annw no ocsemeHHoii Macm 3eMnw. Momnbie Pnn b 
Cn6wpn h UeHTpanbHO^ A3HH c HacrynnenneM TeMHO- 
tn ywe He moitim noKpbtTb EBpony, nOTOMy mo paa^o- 
Tpacca oiryaa nponerana no TeMHOTe n MOHOccpepa 
He OTpawa/ia paanoBonn bwclumx a^anaaoHOB 

6. B Ha^a/ie Ka>Kaoro naca Ha Mnorux nacToiax 
ae/ia/in nay3w npoaonwHTenbHocTbio 2-3 MMHyrbi. 
mto BBoanno b 3a6nyj«AeHMe oneparopOB Pnn Kax 
npasuno. ohm npocnywnBann 3cpnp b nanane n b 
cepeAMHe Maca He oSHapywMB «KOppecnoHaeHTa» - 
3apy6e»tHyio paAnocrraHMHK). onepaTopbi ne etoiKJMa- 
nw nepeaaTMMKao cneayomero npocnyoiMBaHMn nac- 
totw. *CBo6oaa». BepHyBmaacn b 3tpnp nocne nay- 
3w, HeKOTopoe BpeMS 3Bynana 6e3 nowex 

Hume npneoawM cnwcOK 40 CTpan v\ TeppMTopuM, 
KOTOpbte b pasHoe BpeMH ueHSypHpoBanw paAioacpup 
(noaHepKHyTbi HaaBaHWfl CTpaH. CMCTeMaTMHecKM npaK- 
TviKytoiaMx paauonoaaaneHMe b nacTosmee Bpewflj 

An)«(Mp. ABCTpHR. Bojirapwfi. BenviKoSpMTaHHSi. 
BeHrpiiH. BbeiHaw . TAP. TepMaHMH. rpemifl. ErnneT. 
Hapaunt Mpatc. Mpan . HcnaHna UTanns Kaiwny^s 
KHnp. Kvtjavi fKHP) , KonyM6M3. Ky6a MappKKQ . Mo^- 
aOBa. MbHHMao (BvipMa). nonbiua, np^aHecrpcBbe, 
Poae3nfl. PyMbtHMB. CavfiQBCKao Apaenn . CeBepHaw 
Kopea . COBeTCKHrt Coca. CoMa/iH. Typuwa, ^paHqun, 
MexocriOBaKMfl. Munsi, 3cpzonnn, K)rocjiaBnn, tOwnaj 
Kopew . RnoHUd. 



KAPTA' f* 4^-44 M05 






4 rnyiiiEHKE 



125 



Bo BpeMfl onepauwn a KyBewTe Boopywennbie 
ciinbi CLUA Heflonro rnyuiH/in. a noTOM pa360M6wjin 
paflno MpaKa. b AcpraHncTaHe - paflwocTaHLinto tanH- 
Sob «ronoc LUapwaTa» AMepmcaHCKHe pafliiontoQu- 
Te/iw co3A3Bann npeflHawepeHHbie noMexw nwpayc- 

XOiS CT3H14MH CBOKX COOTeMSCTBeHHHKOB «06beflM- 

neHHoe pa^no naTpwoTOB». a poccw?tcKne BoeHHwe - 
neMeHCKo* paflnocraHuiHn aKaB<a3», Ancnou,npoBaH- 
-(OM b yme/ibe rpystw. CeBacronojibCKafl CTaHunn 
«PaAwo 75 » rnyiuwna TpaHC/iHU>in paflMocraHLiMM 
«Radio Without Borders**, o newi csnaeTejibcrBytoT 
ynwKaribHbie QSL-KapTOHKw" 1993 r. 

CunbHefiLUKMM MCTOMHHKaMM 3(pWpHblX nOMeX B 

2002 r flB^AKJTCS Wpan Ky6a M Kmaii DocneflHUK 
pacnojiaraer Han6onbiuwM apceHanoM paflwocpeflCTB 
neKMH mywuTnporpaMMbi «Pafl«o CaoSoflHafl A3mh» 
(Radio Free Asia - RFA). VOA. BBC. «ronoca TaABa- 
hb». «Tonoca Tn6eTa» h Apyrvix CTanu>iM Ha 6onee 
cothm ioctot. flo 2001 r npoanyiuwBanncb asa ™na 
nowex 1) nporpaMMa KnjaiicKoro paflno, aMnnvnyn- 
nan MOaynmiym; 2) KHTawCKoe paflMO. yatcononocHafl 
MacTOTHan MOfly^dunH (HCKaweHHwfl 3ByK Ha fibrroBbtx 
npMeMHMKax). B TOMSHM6 2002 r. nepemnn homtm hc- 
tcnKJ4HTenbHo na rteTjieByto 3anwcb KHTaficKoii HHcipy- 
MeHTajibHOw My3biKn npoflOJDKHTenbHOCTbto b 1 Mac, 
pemuM AM Ha KawAOtf nactOTe BKJiKmaiOT rpynny 
nepeAamnKOB MotuHocrbio ao HecxojibKwx cot kudo- 
Barr. 1 ceHTsGpn 2002 r xwTaiiCKwe Pnn Hana/m 
paSoraTb «Ha 3Kcnopr» npoms nepeflan BBC Ha ys- 
SeKCKOWi R3biKe. Toraa rate b caMOM YseeKwcTaHe npo- 
rpaMMy H3 J1ohaoh3 cbo5oaho peipaHC^npyiOT msct- 
Hbte CTaHMMn Eoie b non6pe 2001 r Tanaa me y^acTb 
nocrrarjia w TpaHCnflu,nu Ha EBpony ABuweHHH «<DanyH 
few* (5925 Krq. 9945 k^). 

rieKMH ribiTaeTcn 3aMacKvipoBaTb paAMoqeH3ypy 
He TonbKO nofl KOHuepT napoflHow My3biKM B 1996 r 
JKypHan «Monitoring Times» onucan cn^avt rnyuie- 
hwb «l~onoca Tn6eTa» npvt noMOiuw nporpaMMw naCT- 
Hoi* paflMOCTaHMHn «Easy FM». Ee pyKQBOflHTenb 
5pnTaHeu riMTep A6enec m He rtoAospeBan, uto bht- 
BopRhOT c ero curHa^oM CornacHO areHTCTBy AFP b 
1998 r na «fonoc Tn6eTa» fleKWH HaK/iaAbisan 3ByK 
MextAyHapOAHOro paAwo Kanaflbi no coo6meHMto 
paflMO HiiAep/iaHAOs, npe3MAeHT Kutba RHr 3eMMHb 
nySnuHHO Bwpa3nn O3a60MeHHOCTb «nary6nb)M b/iha- 
HneM» MHocTpaHHbix paAMonepeAa4. B 2001 r. npaBn- 
TenbCTso BWAe^n^o MHoro cpeACTB Ann coopy>KeHHB 
hobwx mctomhmkob paAnonoMex C aroii qenbio Kutat^ 
3aKynn/i Ha 3anaAe {npeAnonosKHTeiibHO bo OpaH- 

UHH) HeCKO^bKO AeCflTKOB COBpeMeHHbfX K0POTK08OJ1- 

HOBbix nepeAaxuMKOB MomnocTbo 100 -500 kBt. 

nepeAann «ronocacBo6oflHoro JlnBaHa», TpaHc- 
nwpyeMbie 4epe3 KpacHOAap. Ha BnnwHew BOcroKe 
noABeprawTcn 3a6nBne apaScKofl MysbtKOft c Ao6aB- 

KOM reTepOAMHHOrO CBHCT3 

B HaMane XXI Betca aneicrpoHHafl yeH3ypa npnoS- 
peTaet HOBwe MpanHbie KOHTypw KnTa«CKne enac™ 



'**«"•<>•»•»"-• fC • rti-'-— tm <«»»-.> MM r*a< nnvt- 




'CnettuanbMwe Kapmowv. xomopbie ewewnaem paduo- 
cmaHnux ceouu cnyujamenRM. coodtuuewuu eu o *aw- 
c/nee fipueua e ttaKOu-nufio cmpone 



CoeemcKBn tpomoBzumau.ua Paduoii&Htnp RFE/RL g [Irian- 

de-Hant-c. Mcnanufi, na duKOM nrmxe CpeduseMHoao Mopn 

S f 985 eody roa« 6bino 5x250 «Sm, U 100 xBm KB 

mpadamnuKoe Paduo Czo6oda 

SnoKwpyioT Aocryn k wHTepHeT-cTpaHHuaM sanaAHbix 
cpeACTBMaccoBOMHH{popMauMn.BnepeyK)OHepeAb- 
RFA n VOA Ha cam-ax RFA w IBB onucaHo. KaK 
CMacTepnTb caMoae^bHyto anient^ arm yMeHbUienuft 
paAnonoMex Kownanna «Safe Web» pa3pa5oTajia 
A/ifl KidTaiiCKMx MHTepHayTOB KOMfibtOTepHyKi nporpaM- 
My «Triangle Boy», KOTopas Aon»Ha o6nernnTb npo- 
HHKHOBenvie e sanpeTHbie cawTbi awiepuKancKHx pa- 

AM0CT3HLlHli 

Ky6a n MpaH ct3Bat nowexn Hecymefi bodhom 
KaMawmeiicfl sacTOTw, Koropan na npMeMHMKax awAa- 
eT TMnwMHbiti 6ynbKawiiin^ seytc (aHrn bubble urn 
warble jammer) Oh cnbiweH noxoMy, mo 6ecujyMHaFi 
noMexa bxoaht b 6neHHfl c CHmanoM Hatcpbrrort CTaH- 
UMH hc «3nyHeHMflMMApyrnx nepeflaTMHKOBpaAMOno- 
AaB/ieMHB TerepaH r/iyixiMT nepeAa^n VOA w APyrHX 
sanaAHwx paflyiocTanLiMCi Ha nepcHACTOM flSbwe, Ta- 
eaHHa - KpyrnocyroHHyto nporpaMMy «PaAwo Mapxiot 
Ha MCnaHCKOM flSbtne. B cpespane 2001 r Ky6nHc«ue 
paAnonoMexw 6binn cnwujHbi Ha 13 wacTOTax «PaAno 
MapTn» h 1 2 ^acTOTax apyrwx cTarmnvt. nepeAaotntix 

H3 HCnaHCKOM A3blKe. 

Paoora oneparopoB PHn «ocrpoBa cB06oAb)» 
OTJiHHaeTca neKOTopoiS pacceHHHOCTbio TaK. nocne 
yxoAa paflnocTaHMMM rpMHBunna {CeB KaponHna) vt 
flwjiaiiHo (KajiKCpopHMq) na Hoaue qacroTbi, noMexn 
eme Aonro He CMOnKamT b nycTOM 3<pnpe. Ha CB 
MacTory 1180 kI"li 1 00-KnnoBarrHoro 0nopnACKoro 
nepeflaTHHKa «PaA«o MapTM» e MapaTOH-Kn TaBaHHa 
HacTpoH/ia 500-KwnoBaTTHMK c nporpaMMOti «PaAMO 
Pe6ejibAe» TerepaH na MacroTbi VOA flononHHTenb- 
ho HasoA^T nporpaMMy ceoero unoBeLnaHHfl - «Tonoc 
HcnaMCKow Peeo/non^w MpaHa» 

BbeTHaM v. CeaepHan Kopea rnyiuar s^eicrpoH- 
hwm my mom craporo coBetCKoro oBpasqa, ho o6bew 
paAnonoflaeneHMB b 3tmx crpaHax HeSoribUJOii, Mto 
Kacaeicn CeBepHOi^ Kopeui. to raM HWMmM hhambh- 
Aya/ibHoro KB paAdonpweMHHKa CMMTaeTcn npecTyn- 
neHweM TaK 6bmo b CCCP npw CTariMHe b Boennbie 
roAbi: 3a HawAeHHyto AOMa paAaonaMny rpo3nno atim- 
Te^bHoe nwiueHMe cBoSoflw b rvnAfe B asrycTe 



*w* Kflfla org 



126 



4 KPACHOE KOilECO 




ArmapamnbiO 33!) oGbexma W J656 fnawesexuc. Dumaa): 
numb us decamu nepBdamuuxoe irB«i3-2M-On» 




B eapo/asctoD mena4>oHnoQ cmanuuu no yn. Hoaoapodsna e 

1971- f 990 e. «a cmydui)Hbi)t Maewur7io0o«ax 

eocnpouseodunu My3t>«fi/?bHbie 3anucu. xomopb/Mu no 19 

•vscoe e cymxu znyu/uno napadaw no/tbCKoO cnyxOht RFE 

HGpas MOUiHbm Pnn e JlenuHapade. Kyofiwu/eee, Kueee. 

CBepdnoacxe, Anus-Arm Moctcee u dpysut sopodax CCCP 



1 941 r UK BKf"l(6) npwHano nocraHOBneHne «0 c^a^e 
««ienKMn paAnonpneMHMKOB h nepeaarainHx ycT- 

pOflCTB* 

Caviafl aeiJiCTBeHHafl cpopMa paAKOMeH3ypbi - 
nonHbw aanpeT 3<pwpHbix npneMHUKOB n use 3aMeHa Ha 
npoBOAHbie «paflnoT04KM» CetcpeTapb L|K Kn JIwtbw 
A CHeHKyc27ceHTH6p5i1954r nnca/1 LlempanbHOMy 
KoMnteTy KFICC: «B utennx coKpatueHws b cenbCKOfi 
wecTHocTMHHcna pafl«onpneMHviKOB nenocpeflr:TBen- 
ho npMHMMaiOLLlux paAKonepeAa^M us jtpKspa, UK KF1 
flUTBw npocuT o633aTb Coeer Muhhctpob JlaTBHiic- 
Koti CCP MroTOBHTb Ha paflHOTexH^ecKOM aaBOfle 
hm rionoBa b 1954 r 7 ycTaHOBOK n a 1955 r 40 
ycTaHOBOKannapaTa[npOBOflHoroBe[naHMfl]TMnaPTy- 
BPC, visroToe/ifieMbix aaBOflOM a^h paAuocpMKauHH 
cena a JlaTBUtfCKOii CCP» 

B 50-e roAbi BonrapMfl nepecrpanaana MMnopT- 

Hbie paAHOnpHeMHUKM H3 CptfKCHpOBaHHbie MaCTOTbt 

paAWO Co$w«. B CCCP c 1958 r an* BHyTpeHHero 
ptiHKa npow3BOA«nn paA«onpneMHHKw 6e3 KB A«ana- 
30hob 13. 16 w 19 MeTpoe. noTowy mto na hhx 6bmo 
TpyAHee C03AaTb Haaewnbie paAtionoMexn Hecxonb- 
ko MOAeneii npneMHWKOB c ,qe(pMt4KTHbiMn BoriHaMw 
(HanpMMep pnwctcae «VEF-206») noCTaanfinHCb a oc- 
hobkom Ha 3KcnopT. Bce-Ta«n wejiatomwe naxoflM™ 
yMenbues. KOTOpwe Ao6aBrifijiw HeA0CTa«mne Macro- 
Tbi B 1964 r b CTpane Bbtno 35 mjim paAMonpweiwHH- 

KOB, 60JlblDHHCTB0 - C KB AHana30HaMM 

PyKOBOAHTejiw napivn w npaBMTejibCTBa K Mep- 
HeHno h H Tuxohos 24.02.1984 r. noAnueanw coBMe- 
cTHoe nocTaHOBJieHHe UK KtlCC h CoBeTa Mwhh- 

CTpOB «0 M3CTHOM CI3MeHeHKH nyHKta 5 noCT8H0Bf»- 
hhh UK KriCC \a CoBeTa Mmhhctpob ot 1 1.02.1983 r. 
Na 142-62, UumpyeM: «(.. } npuHSTb npeAnoscSHne 
TocnnaHa CCCP, MwHweiepcTBa npOMbituneHHocTO 
cpeACTB CBH3H. MuHMCTepciBa paAHOnpoMbiujneHHo- 
cth \a MuHncxepCTBa ToproBnw CCCP o nepeHeceHMn 
Ha XII nBTHneTKy cpOKa peann3aqnn 3aAaHMB no npe- 
KpameHMK) BwnycKa Maccosbix BeiuaTe^bHwx paA^o- 
npweMHMKOB c Anana30HOM kopotkhx bohh rocrmaHy 
CCCP npeAycMOTpeTb BbinoriHeHkie 3Toro 33A3hh$i 
npmpopMnpoBaHMM rocyfiapcTBeHHoronnaHa skoho- 
MM^ecKoro m counaribHoro pa3BwTwfl CCCP na 1986- 
1990roAbt». 



BbinonneHvie AanHoro pemeHUfi 6bmo copsaHO b 

CBR3VI C HOBOM nOflMTHKOfl arJiaCHOCTrtM, 

Bo epewFi MocKOBCKoro njrrHa b aerycre 1 991 r. W3 
soeHHovi Macru B6nnan BwnbHsoca aenocb paflwono- 
AaBneHne I nporpaMMW JlwTOBCKoro paflno. B MocKBe 
BoeHHwe rnyuuw/in CB paAnocTaHuwio «flowa Cobs- 
roa» (19-21.08.1991 r. n 20 09-4 10.1993 r) B 1954- 
1960 rr CB nepeaaTHMK b BwibHioce no OKOH^aHwn 
paAV0BemaTe^bH0i?i nporpaMMbi hoh3mh nepecTpan- 
eann Ha npoMewyTo^Hyio nacroTy paAvionpneMHMKOB 
(465 Krq), mto6w 6noKMpOBaTb He TonbKO 3anaAHbie 
ro^oca. ho m Boofiiue napa/in3osaTb npneiw bo bcbx 
Anana30Hax. 

B 1975 r. UK Kn Jlkrrabi o6cy»Aa^ BoaMoxwocTb 
opraHW30BaTb nocraHOBKy noMex Ha 5 KaHajie nonbCKO- 
ro reneBMAeHHB. nepeAa^H Koroporo Mepes HOBbiti 
peTpaHonsrrop b r CyBanxM xopomo npMHHManncb b 
iowhom n sanaAHOti ilniBe Bo3Mymehne wecTHbix 
snacreii Bbi3Bann KMHocpujibMbi KarmTa/iMCTvwecKMx 
CTpah, coAepwaHwe kotopwx sbho nepecTynano rpa- 
hhuw TOro mto 5w/io A°3BoneHo cOBeTCKOMy Tene- 
3pnTe/iK) Bce-Tatcn Ha r/iyujeHne TenesHAeHHfl cocea- 
neii ApytfecTBeHHow CTpaHw He peiunnwcb. ho no 
nflTHHqaM h cy660Taw ao A^yx sacoa hohm npoAnwnn 
nepeaa^H pecnySnwKaHCKoro TeneB^AeHMH, HTo6bi 
OTBiie^b BHWManwe 3pnTeneii ot «coMHMTeJibHbix» 
cpHDbMOB rtporpaMMy «Afi« Tex. kto He cnnT» MHoro 
neTnoKa3biBano&enopyccKoeTeneBHAeHne. HoHHyw 
nporpaMMy TpaHcrmpOBann TonbKO ^epe3 nepeaaT- 
MWKM. HaxoA»mnec?i e aanaAnoiii nac™ HMTBbi H Beno- 
pyccwn B 1989 r b TpoflHO naMa/iM CTpOMTenbCTBO 
CTanL(Mi4 Ann noAasneHHS nepeAan rionbCKoro Tene- 
BHAeHMfl. OAH3K0 k KOHuy pa6oT a 1991 r. o6t.eKT 
nepenpcHfcMiiYipoBajiH Ha BemaTenbHyio KB paA^o- 
CTannviio. HonHyio TB nporpawiMy noKa3WBariH « ana 
paiiOHOB 3anaAHOK YKpakiHbi 

B 1959 r. b MexocnoBaKMH 6bino ycTaHoaneHO 38 
TeneBHSMOHHbix nepeAaTHUKOB womHOCTbio 3-10 kBt 
atib npeAOTBpameHun npweMa nepeaa^ «3 Abctphm h 

ctpr. 

flo cwx nop Kyf3a cncTeMaTH4H0 r^yujHT aMepw- 
KaHCKyio Te/iecTaHunK) «TV Marti », nepeAaTMHK koto- 
pOH ycTaHOBneH Ha flnpn)«a6ne b Kapn6cKow Mope B 
KOHue XX BeKaTypqwn noAaansna cnyrHMKOBbieTpaHC- 






KAPTA" N»JJ-« 200! 



4 rJIVIUEHHE 



127 



nnuHM M3 JlOHflona KypflCKOw cTaMumi «Med TV». B 
2003 r Hana/iacb 3a6nB«a nepeaan sacm-iotf tcanw- 
cpopHUflCKOti Te^ecraHMMM wpaHuee DoMexn Beflyrcn 
na TpaHcnoHflep us Ky6bi no aaxasy Terepana Asep- 
oaMflxcaH npucryniin k noAaBneHMio nepeaas HpaHC- 
Koro Te/ieBMfleHUH, coAepwamHx KpwTMKy b oTHOwe- 
hmm BaKy. 

B CoBe-rcKOM Corase npuMeHflnncb Pfin asyx 

TMflOB: 

1 MoinH^ie KB paflMoqeHTpbi c HanpaBnennbiMW 
aHTeHHaMM ahr aetf ctbma nocpeACTBOM OTpaxceHHoti 
ot MOHoccpepw BO/iHbi Ha paccrosHHH 500-3500 km 
i'3to Ann Ha oflHoro CKa^Ka paAnocnrHana b saBHcwwo- 
cth ot pa6oH6k) nacTOTbi. speweHM cyTOK. xapaKTepw- 
cthk aHteHHw, ceaoHa rofla w ypoBHH co/iHewow aK- 
tmbhoctm) Mx HasHaHenHe - notcpbiTb HaceneHHue 
nyHKTw v\ cenbCKyio Mecn-iocTb Ha SoribLuwx rcnoma- 
Aflx, me Her MecTHbix pnn. Ha octeto-ax «800-tf» m 
«900-m» cepntf yCTaHaartHBariH no 10 n 6onee nepe- 
AarmiKos MOinHocTbio 50-500 kBt. Ecnw ypoBHH no- 
Mexw a Ka«oM-nn6o patfOHe hb xaaTano. BmnoHann 
flononHirrenbHwe nepeaaTMMKW e HeeKonbKHx paAHO- 
MeHTpax. Hn>Ke npneoflUM Tunti KB nepeflaTHMKOB 
coBetCKoro nponasoflCTBa. KOTOpwe ncnonb30Banwcb 
He TontKO Ann paAnosemaHHH n paAHOCBnsM. ho h a 
o6teKTax flanbnevi paAH03aLAWTbi: 



Tun nepcuaT'inKa 


MOLUMOCTb 


«f"IKB-20» 


20 kBt 


«KB-50». *CHer» 


50kBt 


«f1ypra» 


80kBt 


«CHer-M» 


100 kBt 


«riKB-t00» 


100 kBt 


«ApapaTn 


100 kBt 


«KBM-120» 


120 kBt 


«nKB-200» 


200 kBt 


«nKB-250» 


250 kBt 


«HKB-5O0» 


500 xBt 



B KOHqe 70-x Ha yKpawHCKoi* pnn Nc 810 (Kona- 
Hbt) ncnwranM MHoroaneMeHTHyio KB aHTeMHy Ee 
noflBec«riM na 13 SawHftx. o6pa3yK>iAMX napaBony 
rjiasHbiM ropii30HTaribHbiiS nenetrroK 6bin cmot ao 5- 
10° npw ycuneHMn ao 38 aB K cneuanTeHHe noAKnio- 
mhjim HecKonbKO nepeaaTMMKOB. Hsny^eHMe b scpwp 
(ERP) AOCTiirno 18 MnnnnoHOB kBt. KoHTponbHbiw 
npneM e BaiunHrroHe noKasan, mto ywe opn moiahoc™ 
2000 KBTcuman Hasan cnaSeTb, a npn AaribHeMuteM 
noBbiuieHHM - Hc^es npo6wn MOHOCtpepy m ywen a 

KOCMOC 

B cnynae yaaHHoro SKcnepHMeHra lame caepx- 
M0ii4Hbie n3/iyMeHnq moc/ih Hatf™ npuMeHeHHe m b 
oBnacTM flanbHew paflHoaaoiMTbi 

He AoSwBiiiHCb xenaeMoro peayribTaTa, yCMne- 
Htie aHTeHHbi cHM3nnn ao 29 flB. Tew caubiM pacuuM- 
PUB paSoMMki anana30H ot 3 ao 16 MFq vt rnaBHbiii 
nenecTOK - ao 30 ; Ha AnrapcKOM paAnoqeHTpe moih* 
HocTb KB nepeaaTHUKOB «PB-707» n «PB-713» 6wna 
2000 kBt Bo BpeMn ooocTpeHwi MewAyHapOAHOi!! 
o5cTaHOBKM RFE/RL h VOA na paA«ocTaHynn f\r\a*- 
Ae-nanbC(McnaHns)nflMn3iiHO(KanwcpopHMn)nyTeM 
cnoweHns 2 nnn 3 nepeflaT^MKOB noflHUMann mou4- 
HocTbAO 1000 kBt 



flanbHo6oMHt>ie Pnn paSoianw c poMBusecKHMn 

H CWH(pa3HblMH rOpM30HTaribHblMl1 flHanaSOHHWMK 

aHTeHHaMM «crfl» (KOH*nrypaunn 2/4, 4/4. 4/6 M ap ). 
cocrofliMMMH M3 HecKonbKwx ropn30HTanbHbix v\ eep- 
TMKantHwx pqflOB Annoneii. 

2, fl/ifl sacTbixcnysaes. xorAa H3-33 rinoxMx ycno- 
bhm pacnpocrpaHeHwn paAnoea/iH aaribHMe Pnn He 
Momu o6ecnenviTb «enaeMb)ii pe3yntTaT, b ropoaax 
CCCP c HaceneHweM csbiiue 1 00 rwc senoBeK ctpo- 
uriM paaHOLiewrpbi Manoti moluhocth c paanycoM 
AefiCTBMn ao 30 km Ha o6be«Tax «60-m» cepHU ycra- 
HaartHBa/in nepeaaTHUKH MOiUHOCTbW 1 kBt, «600-A» 
- 5 kBt. «700-«» - 20 kBt, no 10-25 nepeAaTHHKOfi. 

OCHOBHOii THn aHTBHHW - WHpOKOnonOCHbJM npOBO- 

nosHbiM anana30HHbiM Bn6parop «Brfl» wnw «BrflLU» 
(ujyHTOBbiM) Kpyrosoro mnyjeHun, wepmmmHM v\m 
HaicnoHHbift Ha Bepxywue CTaHflaptHovt MerannMHec- 
Koii BaujHM ropoflctcoti Pnn MOHTwpoBann seTbipe 
«pora» - weenie aHTeHHbi ooa ymoM 45' k ropM30H- 
ry. Hs-3a HeSonbujHx pa3MepoB ohh onpaaAanw ce6fl 
TOJibro Ha bwcllmx KB A^snasoHax 13. 16 m 19 
Mexpoa. TopoACKKie oSkeirrbi cocTonriM H3 nepeAato- 
mero ueHTpa H OTAenbHO paaMeiyeHHoro KKn. Bot 
neKOTopbie Tvtnbt nepefla'mntcoB tbkmx Pnn 



Tun nepeaaTMima MomHOCTb 

•CnewHHKa*. «Bepeaa», «KV-1 » («Tesla») 0,5-1 kBt" 
«KB-5». «Bh3-2M», «nKM-5» 2,5-5 kBt 



* S 3aeucuMocmu om poda pabomti 
MworAa Ha o6beKrax 6oribujMx ropoflOB cTaawnn 

nepefl3THHKH MOlMHOCTblO 10-20 KBT(«M0flHHH-2/3»- 

12 kBt. «nKB-20» -20 kBt) HanpHMep, b Banaoiuxe 
Mockobckom o6nacTn 6wno nnTHaflLOTb 20-KnnosaT- 
thwx nepeaaTMUKOB e flononH©Hne k o6-beKTy Ha 
OKTflSpbCKOM none c nfl-maAMaTbio 5-KnnoeaTTHHKa- 
mm M flpyruM CTonn4HbiM Pnn. Mockobckmm KKn pas- 
Memancs Ha TaraHKe. 

B 80-e roAbi b JlMTBe c naceneHHeM 3,5 mhh. 
nenoBeK KMertocb 60 nepeaaTMHKOB na 5 Pnn. b 
Benopyccnn (1 mjih.) - 90 nepeaa-rvjiiKOB, na yKpaw- 
ne - 6o/iee 300 nepeAaTMUKOB. B 1986 r e CCCP 
MMenocb 13 mooihmx Pnn Aa/ibneii paAM03aiMMTW 
(100-1 20 nepeaa-p-MKOB) h ropOflCKwe CTaHuuM rnywe- 
hhb b 81 ropoae (nopsAKB 1200-1300 nepeaaTHUKOB) 

C rny50KOB, oweuMt* Ha^anbHMK TnaaHoro pa- 
flHoynpaBneHMH PCOCP, nncari aBTopy 3tom CTaTbM. 
hto «ocHOBHoe npeflHa3Ha4eHwe COW3HWX y3noB pa- 
AnOBemaHHfi i4 paflnocBflsw (CyP) 6wno HHOBe^aHne 
n MarncTpanbHan paAnocBnsb, a TaioKe MecTHoe ee- 
maHMe na TeppnTOpnnx nx HaxowAeHtifl OAHOBpe- 
MeHHo 3tw TexHusecKwe cpeACTBa ncnoiib30Banncb b 
cem AanbHero rnyuieHnst. CneunanbHbix paAnoLieHT- 
poB Ann 3to« qenki «e CTpOMnocb» CyMMapHan mola- 
HocTb BceM paAnocerw rnyu/eHMs AOCTvtrana 40 twc 
kBt. 

B ceHT«5pe 1986 r E DHraseB M B MeBpMKCB 
nuca/iH b UK Knee, sto «Aant.Hew samnroii o6ecne- 
HUBaeTcn myweHMe nepeAas npMMepHo na 30 npo- 
ueHTax TeppnTopMM CoaeTCKoro CoKj3a» (...) Mnorne 
BHyTpeHHHe pawoHbi cTpaHw paAno3amnTow ne npn- 
KpbiTbi, a acpcpeKTHBHOCTb rnyiueHMn b pnae Kpynnbix 



*w* ^ana Org 




Cnaucnyx6bi concmpsw «e manhxo znywupu 

nepedaw, ho u sacbtnanu meppopucmoe UlmaG-xeapmupa 

Paduo Cootoda e At»Mxe«e nocne mpt>taa 21 <tmapans> 1981 a 



ropofiOB ueHTpa Poccmm . r\pv\6armAHcmx n 3aKaBiQ3- 
ckmx pecnyormicax cymecrBeHHO Hnwe, hgm b cpeA- 
HeM no CTpaHe» B aenepHne Hacw npnxofl«^ocb 
oflHoepeMeHHo 3aKpbJB3Tb flo 7 paflnonporpaMM (35- 
40 nacTOT). flaxe nepeBec no moluhoctm b 3-4 paaa He 
nosBormnoSecneHWTb 1 OO-npoueHTnoe «npnKpbmie» 
Flo cpaBneHHK) c 60-mki roaaMM, KonnnecTBO nacTOT, 
ncno/ib3yeMbix KpynHbiMH aanaflHtiMH paAi"°cTaHLiM- 
aviM flnsi BeiMaHMfl Ha CCCP. b 80-e cHwswnocb npu- 
MepHO Ha nonoBumy, no 3Ha4HTenbHO Bbipocna molu- 
HOCTb nepeAaTNUKOB Ha o(5enx dopOHax paflno$poH- 
Ta. 

KoMnreTbJ no TeneBMAeHmo h paflMOBemaHmo 
nnaTwiH nepeflatom^M uempaM 3a TpaHCTmnwio npo- 
rpaMM «Tapn*Hbie aoxoaw» npeAnpHRTHM cbasm 
BKntOMann onpeASJieHHyto npwQwnb. H3 KOTOpotf no- 
KpwBanwcb w pacxoflw Ha paAHonoAaBneHne. l/lna^e 
rOBOpfl. paAHOL|eH3ypa KaKfleaTeiibHOCTbOCoBoiiBax- 
HOCTM. noA^e>«aJia Kpocc-cpwHaHcwpoBaHHio. Cyme- 

CTBOBa/lM AB3 nOHBTHfl CTOHMOCTM TpaHCnSMMOHHblX 

ycnyr. «UeHa npoAyKunn» 3a 1 4ac noKpbmana ce6e- 

CTOMMOCTb 3KCfinyaTai4MH CpeflCTB CBH3H, ho 6bina 

HMwe Tapucfa ux apeHAbi KnueHTaM ot 1 0% (nepeAar- 
qnKW MOiyHOCTbKJ 500-1000 kBt) ao 70% (5 kBt). 

HaflO noA^epKHyrb. hto HM«aKne K/iweHTbi He nna- 
Twnn sa paAi*onoA3BneHne. nosTOMy ee CTOnMOCTb 
Han6onee tohho oTpawaeT noHATue «o6beM npoayK- 
14HH b AenexHOM MCHMcneHiin» AHaims sKOHOMWMec- 
khx noKa3aie^ew JlMTOBCKoro pecny6nuKaHCKoro pa- 
AMO-TeneBM3MOHHoro nepeflaiomero ueHTpa (PPTD14) 
sa 1971-1988 rr. noK33bi8aeT, mto roAOBoii woe^eM 
npoAyKi4nn» 5 Pnn cocTaBnfui oxono 1.3 m/ih py5- 
netf. no OMeHKawi 3anaAHbix sxcnepToe, b yKa3aHHbiii 
nepnoA o6mecoi03Hb)e roAOBbie saTpa™ Ha paAM03a- 

LAMTy(COCTpOHTeilbCTBOM HOBWX MOLUHOCTeM W3aKyn- 

KOfl o6opyAOBaHMd) AOCTMrariH 1 MnpA pySneii. 

HapHAy c flpyrwMM CTpytoypHbiMM noflpasAene- 

HHBMtt PPTriL| r «CTaHUHM paA^OCBfi3M» npHHHNiaJlH 



yMacTMe a «counanwcTvwecKOM copes- 
H0B3Hmw». tix aenrenbHOCTb oueHUBa- 
jiacb noiaKKM noKasaTenflM, KaKBbinon- 
neHwe nnaHa npoAyKLWw, pocT npow3BO- 
AMTenbHOCTM TpyAa, cHkiweHwe ceSecTo- 

HMOCTM, ypOBeHb K03tpML4MeHTa K34eCTBa. 

nanHHtie >«cano6 UnrepecHO, ^tob 1988 
roAy n^aHbinooBbeMy npoayKmiH. BKnto- 
^as IV KBapTan, b HiiTBe Sbinn BbinoiiHe- 
Hbi Ha 112%, h 3to HecMoipa na to, mto 
paAnonoA3BneHne b Ae«a6pe ywe He 
Benocb. 

OyHKUkin KKfl (flpyroe cnywe6Hoe 
HasBaHwe - «npneMnafl p/c») Haxowfle- 
H«e 4acroT. tab npocnyaiMBaHDTcsi nQA- 
jiestaiAMe rnyiueHwro nporpaMMbi; ytcasa- 
HMfl AewypHoPi CMene Pnn HacTpowTb 
nepeASTHMKH Ha HyiKHbie MacroTw; noAa- 
na no npOBOAHOti jimhhh CB(i3i4 b PPin 
SByKa npHHMMaeMOi^ paA^ocTaHUMw a/ia 
TO^Hofl HacTpoMKH nepeAaTMMKa (Heo6- 

XOAHMOCTb B 3TOM OTia/ia. K3K TOJlbKO 

Hanam paSoTarbC nepeAaT^nKaMw Tuna 

«Bfl3» C CHHTe33TOpHblM HafiOpOM HaCTOTbl). HOABop 

3ByKoaoro CMmana noiwiexn w ero noAana na nepeAaT- 

MWKH Mepe3 J1HHHH CBJ13M: flMCTaHUMOHHOe BKfKOMeHMe 

n BbiKmo^eHne nepeA3THHK0B; oSecneHenne pa6oTbi 
nepeAarMWKOB Pnn Ha ceixe mbctot h no pacnuca- 
hww, nonyneHHbix (no paAnoteiierpacpy hjih TeneTaa- 
ny) ot MDCKOBCKoro uenTpa, cocrraBrieHwe &ir nero 
panopTOBonpMeMepa6oTbiAPy*i<xPnn.npoBeAeHKie 
ceaHCOB p3ahocbh3h no nMHUM rpa»AaHCKOi* oSopo- 

HW 

Kpoiwe TOro. KKH Pnn 6binn o6n3aHbi BbiflBTinTb 
nupaTCKwe paA^ocTaHLiHn huctio Koropbix 3H34HTenb- 
ho aospocno e 60-e roflbt, oco6eHHO na YKpauHe n b 
Ka3axcTane. Ha ochob3hhh coaMecTHoro npnKa3a 
MMHMCTepcTB CBB3W. BHyTpeHHMx Ren. KrB w UK 
flOCAAO ot 10.07.1970 r «0 Mepax no ycwneHMio 
6opb5bi c He3aKOHHbiM ncnonb30BaHneM paflnonepe- 

AaTMHKOB» 3aM. MMHVICTpa CBA3H B UJ3MIUHH B nUCb- 

MeoT 15.07 1970r. yK33an: «npocnyiunBaHne acpupa 
Ha TeppwTopnn o6naCTn, Kpan, pecnyortHKK c uenbio 
BbiflBJieHHfl He3aKOHHbix paAnonepeAan eosnoxnTb 

Ha CymeCTByiOlAMe KOHTpOJlbHO-KOppeKTMpOSOHHbie 

nynicTbi 0C060A cny>K6bi. flOKOMnnetcTOBaB mx cocTaB 
M3 pacneTa opraHMsaLtwn flononHMTenbHo oAHOro pa- 
eonero MecTa» 

LUTaTHoe o6opyAoeaHne KKn 3-4 paAnonpweM- 
Hwe ycTpotfCTBa (b pa3Hoe BpeM« - «KpoT». «P-250», 
«KaTpan». «P-399» m AP ) c naHopaMHbiw nHA^KaTo- 
poM. mctohhmkm nowiexw: renepaTop Meiuaiotnero new- 
cTBMfi (TMfl) riMHtifl paAnonporpaMMbi «MawK». anna- 
paTN noAann cumanos BeiyaHUfl (AnCB) n warHHTO- 
cpOHw ppa Bocnpon3BeAeHMfl peHenoflo6Horo en ma- 
fia; paAnonpneMHHK w TeneTatin on* nony^eHMfl yKa- 

33HMii M3 MOCKBbl Ha KpblOie SAaHMB KK11 IAI\Vi psyjOM 

c hmm Me>KAy wiaMTaMH BbicoTovi 10-20 m HaTflrnBann 
WMpOKonojiocHbiii A^nonb «BrflUJ». 

Pa6oTa Ha KKD o6bmno Benacb b 3 ciweHbt no 2 
nenoBeica. flewypHbie onepaTOpw Ha6nioAanw Kaw- 



KAPTA' («43— U IO0I 



4 riiyiiiEHKE 



129 



Aufl aa CBoefi ^acnsio paAHOcnetcrpa m ynpaBJia™ 
rpynnofi (aCTBonoM») nepefla"mnKOB- fl/m npwHs™a 
pacnnc3Hnn H3 MocKoacKoro qeHTpa ynpasneHMfl 
nonb30Banncb i±jw0poBanbHbiMn SnoKHOTaMvi Bbin 
ycraHOBnen npnopnTST paAHOLtenew, rfle nepBoe wie- 
ctc 3aHHMana «Ceo6ofla» Ho AaHHbiM aanajHwx 

aBTOpOB, flO 70% MOLUHOCTett COBeTCKMX PDn OTBOflM- 

nucb aji« 3a6«BKn stoA paAMOCTaHunw. 

cpyHKLiMM nepe/jatoiuero qeHTpa: HacrpQftKa ne- 
peflamiiKOB Ha MacTOTw, yKasaHHbie hs KKn. craSMfib- 
was nx paSora no saAanHWM napaMeipaM, KQMMyra- 
mmb aMTeHH, npocpn/iaio-nqecKoe o6cny)KHBaHLie an- 
napaTypw, a TaioKe 3KcnnyaTaunsi BemaTenbHwx n 
CBfi3Hb<x nepeflSTMUKOB. ecnn TaKOBw Sfamn pasMeme- 
Hbt Ha Pfin (HanpuMep, Ha o6i>eKTe Ns 600 b BMJibHto- 
ce 2.5-KH^OBarmbiM «Bji3» b anana30He 49 m Tpanc- 
nwpoBan rism/to jiHTeparypHO-xyAOwecTBeHHyio npo- 
rpauMy BcecoK33Horo paflno) B 70-e roflbt MecnwHan 
sapnnaTa sjieKTpOMOHTepoa Pnn cocTaennna okodo 
1 1 py6 , 3netcTpoMexaHMKOB - 1 50 py5, y nepeflaT^w- 

KOB OfiblMHO TpyflMnHCb MyjIWHHbl, a Ha KKI1 - JKeHlHtf- 

Hbi. B pe3ynbTaTe ycoBepweHCTBOBaHwa nepeAaTHM- 
kob cocTas cweH Ha paflwocTaHquflx yMeHbiuHJicn c 4 
ao 2 Me^oeeK 

KaK npasmio, KOMHTeTM no Te/ieBMAeHMio m pa- 
AMOsemaHHK) nMe/in cboh cnyxtfjbi paAHonepexBara 
Eme 1 7 3HBapa 1 957 r UK K(1 JlwrBbi npnH«/io nocra- 
HOBneHne «0 3anncn 3apy6e>*cHbix paflnonepeAan Ha 
nuToscKOM fl3bwe». Ckirna^bi unocTpaHHbix paflno- 
craHLiMvi nepexBaTweanvi Ha npweMHOM paAnoueHTpe 
B03/ie noc HHMewiic npw noMOiuw ocrrpoHanpaBneH- 
Hofl KB aHTeHHbt Tuna «BC-2». 3By« no /ihhhm cbh3m 
noAasann b cneq. annapaTHyio MarHMTHOw aanncn 
PaflwoKOMHTeTa. CoAepJKaHHe nepeaas pacne^atbi- 
Bariw Ha SyMare m b BWAe 6iojineTeHfl paccbJ/ianw 
orpaHMneHHOMy Kpyry aSoHeHTOB Mepe3 1 ner noc- 
ne OKOHHannfl nocTaHOBKw noMex. b 1998 r , DwBaiaf 
r^aBHan peAaxuMH paAnonepexBaros Bcecoto3Horo 
paflno b hobom KawecTBe wHcpopMaywoHHoro aren- 
TCTBa «3cpnp-AawAJi<ecT» npeAJiara/ia CMM conwfl- 
HbiiS naKeT 3$npHbix cboaok 

Hume npMBOAMM cnncoK coBercKWx o6beKTOB 
Aa/ibHefi paAKoaaatHTbi: 



Ns 800 Kpacwoflap (T6nnMccKas> - 12 Pnn, 120-500 kBt 

Ne 808 EpeBaH (KaMO) - 9 PHH. 50-500 kBt 

N»810 HMKOnaes (Konann) - 5 Pnn, 500 kBt 

N> 811 JlbBOB (KpsCHe) - 4 Plin. 200-500 kBt 

Ns 840 AjiMa-Ata (KapaTyp/K) - 10 Pnn, 50-500 kBt 

Ha 850 TpHropMynonb (Manx) - 5 Pnn, 500 kBt 

Ns 900 TauiKBHT - 1 2 Pnn, 50-1 20 kBt 

Ns 903 Cobotck (BoflbiuanOBo) - 9 Pnn, 80 kBt 



Hoiwepa v\ MecTOHaxoweHne ocTanbHbix Pnn 
AanbHero AeiiCTBUR noAne>K«T yroHHUTb FlpeAno^o- 
acnTenbHo. ncnojib30Banncb MomHOCTM cotoaHbix ys- 
noB paAMOCBfl3M HoBOCn6npcKa, AnrapcKa, Hmbi, 
XacapoBCKa v\ paA^oueHTp CapaHCKa flano oomee 
KOJiMnecTBo KB nepeAaiHHKOB B03ne Ha3BaHHbtx ro- 
Poaob flnp, paAfonoaaBneHHRMcnonbsoBa^acbTonb- 

KO MaCTb M3 HMX, yCTaHOB/ieHHWX Ha OTfle/lbHOM o6beK- 

19. HaAeeMCfi. ^to Ta6nnLiy yTowwsT ^virarenvt - cbh- 

3Hdbi y-eHfcie paAwo/iK>6wTenn tKypnaraiCTbl 



K 13 coBeTCKHM Pnn Aaxibne^ paAwo3amnTbi 
cneAyei AoSaBMTb eme 10-12 Ta«nx CTaHuwii s 
nonbuje, HexocnoBaKHH, Bojirapnn h TflP (acero no- 
pHAKa 100 nepeAaTMMKOB MomHocTbro 20-50 kBt), f\o 
1963-1964 rr MOHOCCpepHwe PHPl paSoTann h b Py- 
MbiHHM, BenrpHM. KaK Bbipasuncp oamh object, npw 
AanbHeM rnyiueHHM nynuje Bcero 6KTb «b xaocTcuirHa- 
na» - to ecTb, mto6w noMexa npnxoAnna c Toro we 
HanpaBnenwH, KaK h paAnonporpaMMa. Ann BbinonHe- 
hm« 3tom 3aflann rocyAapCTsa Boctomhom EBponw 
Haxoflnnncb b oMeHb 5/iaronpnfiTHOM reorpacpvmec- 
kom nonowennn B 1953 r Ha^a^n pasBopaniiBaTb n 

npMMepHO K 1964 r. aaKOHMM/lW CTpOHTenbCTBO ceTH 

coBMecTHoii flanbHeii paAH03atAMTbt. Pa60Ta tuna na 
ocHOBe AByxcTOpOHHMx AoroBopoe 



CTpaHa Ko/iMHecTBo aanbHwn 


KoflM^eCTBO 




pnn 


nepeaaTHHKOB 


CCCP 


13 


>100 


MexocnOBaKMB 


4 


35 


rtonhuia 


3 


-20 


EonrapMn 


2-3 


-30 


rflp 


1-2 


10-15 


Bcero 


23-25 


-200 



Ha coBeTCKHx Pnn Aa/ibHen paAH03amnTbi b 
ochobhom MCnOT1b30BaXIHCb KB nepeAaTMMKH molaho- 
CTbio 50-120 kBt. na neKOTopbix 06-beKTax -ao 500 
kBt Ha Pnn AaibHero as^ctbhb cTpaH Bocto^hom 
EBponw pa60Tann nepeAaT^WKM MoinHocrbK) 20-50 
kBt. noaTOMy 6bino TpyflHO noanep>KMBaTb 5anaHc no 
o6i>eMy myineHHfl MewAy rocyaapcTBawH , HanpuMep. 
b 1 956 r. HexocnoBaMKne nepeAaTHMKH aenw paAwo- 
noAaBneHwe na nonbtuy b oBmetf cno>KHOCTn ao 24 
nac BcyTxn, anonbCKMeHaMexocnoBaKiiro- ecero 10 
nac B 70-e roAbi CCCP TpaHCJiMpoean noMexn na 
HCCP b oSbeMe 33 twc. KBT/nac. b cyrKU (noK333Tenb 
BioiKwaeT yMHoweHMe moiahoctm h npoAons«MTenb- 
hocth pa6oTbi nepeAaTHMKOB). a MexocnoBaKiin na 
CCCP - Bcero 16 rye KBT/Mac. 

KpoMe Toro, b CoseTCKOM Coioae MMencs 6o^t>- 
ujom peaepB: bo BTopovi nonoBWHe 80-x pa6oTa/in 64 
paAMOqeHTpa c 327 KB nepeAaiMwcaMM MoiAHOCTbio: 
50-120 kBt - 260 eA.. 200-2 50 kBt- 35 eA., 500-1000 
kBt - 32 eA 

PaccKaxeM noAPoSnee o TexHiinecKnx xapaicre- 
pwcTuxax Pnn Aa/ibHetf paAHOaamwTbi Ne 903 e co- 
daBe paAnOMenrpa BonbiuaKOBO Ka/iUHWHrpaACKOM 
o6n.. BBefleHHoro b CTpoii b 1975 r. Ha AannoM Pnn 
ycTaHOBMfin 9 CBH3Hbix nepeAaTHUKOB «nypra» npo- 
n3BOACTBa KpacHORpCKOro paAMOsaBOAa. Hx moiu- 
HOCTb b pewMMe A3E - okojio 50 kBt. b pewHtnax 06n 
n TJir-AO 80 kBt BbinocMOHTupoBaHo 9 aHTeHHTwna 
«Cr/4n» (Ha oflny bo3mo)kho cnoweHwe Boex nepeAaT- 
MdKOB). 2 aHTenHbi Tuna «Crfln l/4» (cnoKeHne ao 4 
nepeflaTHMKoe), 14 poMBn^ecKHx anreHH «pm» n ABe 
«BrflUJ». AaHM/Tbi aHTeHH: 70°, 83°, 118° - na pas- 
Hbie perwoHbi CCCP. 205° - na no/ibiuy m Mexocnoea- 
K«to, 245° - Ha TflP nocne npeKpaiyeHHH rjiyiueHMa 
paAnocTaHMum b 1989 r Hanann ncnonb30BaTb An« 
HHOBeiyaHMa Ha HeweyKOM (245°), nonbCKOM (205*}. 
cfipaHL^yscKOM (245°) sowKax, a raxwe a^h TpaHcnn- 
UMH «MaflKa» (83° w 1 18°) Pa6oTann oTAe^bHbie (60 
kBt) m CABoeHHbie (120 kBt) nepeAaTMMKM. 



«wvfr kens erg 



130 



4 KPACHQE K0J1EC0 




CmaHUuft cnexemM »a uecmnoO «anywunxe» fodhexm 

600) e BunbHtoce 

MHorne BemaTenbHue paAHOcraHLtwH 6wjim yKOM- 
nneKTOBaHbi oSopyflosaHneM una nocTanoBKH nowex 
Ha rnasHow nwTOBCKOM pa^noueHTpeCwTKyHaiii MMe/i- 
cn cneunpn6op «3eH«T-2» - flCB MOAynflTop ana 
nepeflaTHM«a «Bnxpb» («PB-120», 500 kBt) nonyHMB 
yka3aHne ot KKI1 KayHaccKoro o6"bexTa Ne 603 . Ae>Kyp- 
Has cwena AonJKHa 6bina nepecTpowrb nepeaai^nK Ha 
nacTOTy paflnonoAaB^eHM3. 3to paapetuanocb To/ib- 
ko bo BpeMfl HOMHoro nepeptma tpshcjismmw I npo- 
rpaMMw flMTOBCKoro paA«o b 01:00-05 00 FIOAaTb 
3ByraBOii cwman Rn* rnyuieHwq Momn nn6o c 6noKa 
TMfl, nu6o c KKn («MaBK» win peHenoAo6HbiM cur- 
Han) 

6 HOs6pfl 1954 r saM. yno/iHOM04eHHoro Mmhm- 
CTepcTea ceaan no JImtobckom CCP CTpe/iKOS nwcan b 
Ll« Kfl JIhtsw tob HraMbKe. «3a nocneAHee BpeMfl 
ycunnnacb aHTvtcoeeTCKan nponaraHAa no paA^o Ha 
cpeAHMx BOJinax (<4acTOT3 1195 nfn, h3wkh nmoBC- 
kmm, pyccKwfi. nojibCKwii. yKpawHCKHi^ M nsTwtucKMM). 
KOTOpwe oco6eHHO npocnywHBaiOTCR b Hacw 1 8:00- 
22:00. HMetoiUMXCB cneuwanbHbix cpeACTB ah" Oopb- 
6bi c aHTiicoBercKMM BemaHneM Ha nacroTe 1 1 95 kI~u 
HeAOCTaTOHHO, Ann stow Menu b rop BuribHtoc MO)«eT 

6bfTb MCnonb30BaH CpeAHeBOJIHOBbW nepeASTHMK «PB- 

92» KOTOpbiii b 3to BpeMfl nepeaaeT nporpaMMy ko- 
MUTeTa PaAHOMHtfcopMaaHH fluTOBCKOfi CCP llpoujy 
Baiuero pa3petueHns o wenoribSOBaHnw pa^noeeuaa- 
renbHOii CTaHMwn «PB-92» eweAHeeHo c 18 ao 22 

H3CQB H CHflTUrt nporp3MMbl KOMHTeTa PaAHOHH$Op- 

iwaunn b 3th we Macw» B npocboe 6bino OTKa3aKO Ha 



nucbMe nocTaB/ieHa pesoniOLivm «Bonpoc peweH 
3a5nBaTb ApyrviMM cpeACTeaNm». 

B Hanane 60-x na BviribHtoccKOw paAnocTaHM^n 
{Bnpujynnwicec} ycraHOBnnn 1 0-KwnoBaTTHbiirf cbr3- 
hok nepeAa^nK «yparaH» npoMencyTOHHoro A^ana- 
30H3 <1-3 Ml~4). CHflTblK c BoeHHoro KQpaSrm Oh 
no3BQJinn myiiJMTb CB TpaHcnnuiw BBC, VOA hi pa- 
Aho TvipaMbi. B 1965 r. nepeAai^HK MOAepHW3npOBa- 
nw An" TpancnfiLiiin nporpaviMbi «MasK» na ^acrroTe 
1430 kPl4. ho h noc/ie 3Toro no Tpe6083HWK) KKn ero 
eweAHeano nepecrpaHBanw Ha MacroTy 1394 kI~u fifm 
nony^acoBbix ceaHcos noAaBnenns paA^io Tnpanbi 

B 1 973 r (JjyHKquroCB rjiyiueHi4R nepeHfl/i oBteiCT 
Nb600 MeTbipe 5-KuinoBaTTHbixcBfl3Hbix KB nepeAaT- 
MUKa «KB-5» m «Bf»3» Ha paAnocraHUHkt BnptuyfiHLU- 
Kec pa6oTa/iw no 3aKasy pecny6nn(<aHCKoro MeHTpanb- 
HoroTenerpatfia (90% BpeMewn), LUTa6a rpaJKASHCKOfi 
oQopOHbi v\ TonbKO ao 10 Macoa b Mec^M - b pexwwie 
nocTaHOBttn noMex KorAa Ha «600-om» He xBaTano 
MOiuHOCTew Cafl3t> npOBOAnnn c poM6kmeCKOii m ah- 
no/ibHwMH rjiytunnn - c A^nonbHbtMM aHTeHHaMti 
((BrflliJ)) 

TexHUHecKMii ypOBenb cem paAMOnoAasneKMR 
6bin He na Bwcore, B 1975 r BeAOMCTaeHnafl ra3eTKa 
«KayHO paA^cTacft nucana, mto hs oSteine Nte 603 ne 
xsaraeT uoKoneii paAwo^awin ry-50. MOHTa*Horo npo- 
B0A3. M3MepKTenbHbix npn6opOB nepeAaT^MKn «KB- 
5» noHTu neTBepTb bsks MAyr 6e3 «an. peMOHTa. 0«- 
3HMecKH h MopanbHoycTapenw. nacTO nowatoTCfl, Aa v\ 

SHTeHHW Hy)KHO MeHRTb H3-JS MHOfOKpaTHblX CpblBOB 

npoBOAOB Cor^acoeaHHe c AnnonnMw «BrflLU» Aa- 
eanocb c TpyAOM. BMecTo 5 kBt BbiwuMa/iM nonosuHy 
a to M wieHbiue fla>Ke a npeAenax ropoAa He xBaTano 
ypOBHfl noMexid Ha HesaKpNTbte ^atrroTb) npMXOAH- 
nocb CTaBMTb no abs nepeAaTMMKa. 

BcnoMMHatoTca cnynan. tcorAa bo speMH nepero- 
H3 BMAeoMH0opMauMH \A3 KayHaca b MocKBy o6beia 
Ns 603 AaBan HaBOA«y Ha annapaTypy coioshoi^ pa- 
AHOpenei^HoCi hmhhh MtoSw o6ecneMMTh Ka^ecieo 
TeneBH3MOHHOi^ TpaHcnHLiwu. npMxoAnnocb BpeMen- 
ho OTKnio^aTb nepeAaT^^xM Pnn B 1958 r. 3Aecb 
npMiunocb BbfKDKiMMTb nepeAaTHUKM myiueHMR b Ana- 
nasone 1 3 MerpoB. noTOMy ^to mx 3 rapwoHHxa Haeo- 
A«na noMexy Ha cna6biiS cuma^ M3o6pax<eH4flfl Bunb- 
hkdcckom TenecTaHMMM (B to BpeMn peTpaHcrtBTopa b 
Kaynace eiue ne 6bifio). 

KT& cneAnn sa mmctoto* 30npa, ao npweMa Ha 
pa6oTy npoBepan MMAei'iHo-nonwTMMeCKyKD HaAew- 

HOCTb» HOBblX pa50THV!K08 OAH3>KAbl BblRCHMTIOCb 

mto pcAiTenirt anenTpowiexaHMKa nocne bomhw 6Nnn 
cocnanw b Cn6«pb. HenoseKa nepeaenw b APyroii 
qex. riepcoHan o6"betaa 603 h KKn HMen AonycK 
(yposenb ceKpeTHocTii} TpeTbeti cienenH Bee 3Hann. 
mto cpeAH cocnywuBqeB ecTb CTyKaHH P33Apa>«eHMe 
KTB h napTHiiHNX opraHOB Bbi3biBann «Abipbi» b 30m- 
pe. OcoSeHHo nnoxo Aena oScTonnn b ce^bCKOfi Me- 

CTHOCTM. 

B cepeAHne 80-x b flHTBe co6npanncb cTpouxb 
HOBbie Pnn b npuropoAax BwnbHioca n naneBewvica. 
ho 6wn coopy>KeH Tonbxo nocneAHUM. HecwioTpn hs 
ynymenufi, BuenoM30>ctieKTHBHOCTbcncTeMbipaAno 



XAPTA' No &%-** 200S 



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noflaeneHnq 6bi/ia Bbicoxaq. flo cpaeHentiio c « Paanc 
CBo6oaa». KOTOpyio b CCCP aiywanH 6onee 7 mjih 
nenoBeK. y «HeMeu«oi< BonHN», «6n-6vt-Cvi» « «To- 
noca AMepwKM» (b 1973-1 980 r. ohm 3ey^a/in b mhctom 
acpwpe) ayfldTopHB 6wna b 1 .5—3 pa3a 6oribwe B 
1991 r nocne chaths noMex nonynflpHOCTb «Cso6o- 
aw» Bospoc/ia b 4 pass u AOCTnrna 30 m/ih cnywaTe- 
nefl, 

do flaHHbi m MOHMTopwHra 3anaflHbi x axcnepTOB. b 
nione-OKTfi6pe 1981 r . Kor^a Bee HHwe nepe^wcneH- 
Hbie paanoCTaMU«n noABepra/wcb rnyweHwo, ux cnw- 
LJUMOCTb na TepptfTopHci CCCP 6bina TasoBa (%): 



Xopoiuan Cp«xiHf*fl rinoxan He cjibiWHO 



RFE/RL | 

VOA 3 

BBC 1 

DW A 



e 


20 


31 


43 


14 


— 


29 


20 



22 

sa 

47 



Kate B«fl«M. b cpeflHeM b 28% cny^aee ripneM 6bin 
SHanviTenbHO 3aTpyAHen, a b 50% - HeBoawoweH B 
coucTpaHax aena o6cT0flnn nynuje Hn;«e b TaSnuye 
npMBOflUM flaHHbie 1977 r. 06 ayAWTopwi RFE7RL 



Crpana % cnyiuaTejieii HannHwe h xapaiaep noMex 
PyMwHHfl 57 Be3 noMex 



BeHrpus 



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46 



HexocnoBaxufl 34 
Bonrapnq 24 



riOMeXM OT OflHOM 

yKpaMHCKOii pnn 

Aantwee my we Hue 
H3 CCCP" 

MomHoe rnymeHne 

BHyTptt CTpaHbl A H3 CCCP 

MoniHoe rnyujSHne 

BHyTpH CTpaHW H M3 CCCP 



* Kpoue duanaioha 13 u 

fljift rnyaieHHa ncnonb30Banwcb m BemaTenbHwe 

nepeflaivuKH - bo Bpewn, CBoSoAHoe ot rpaHCJinmin 

paflwonporpaMM . OpraHH3amioHHy to cTpytoypy coeeT- 

CKOii CHCTeMbl CBS3M MHOrOKpaTHO MeHflJIK. MOlUHbie 

Pnn aajibHeM paflno3aiiiMTbi, SyAy^n e cocTaBe cokj3- 
hux ysnoe paAHOBemaHwn h paAnocB«3n (Cyp) ujik 
KaK oTfleribHwe paflwoueHTpbi, HanpsMy© noA^wHs- 

JIMCb COK)3HOWiy MHHCBA3H. TOpOACKHe OBbeKTbl. K3K 

npaBuno 6bi/in cocraBHbiMvi ^acTAMn (uexaMw) wtec- 

THblX npeflnpHflTHM CBR3H. nOAOTMeTHblX MUHMCTep- 

GTsaM CBH3H coK)3Hbix pecny6nnK. 

flo HaMa/ia 60-x rOAOB npHMeHflnw Bbi5opo4Hoe 
paAMonoflaaneHwe: noMexw BKJitoHanH ro/ibKO Ha on- 
peAeneHHbie npOMe>KyTKw BpeMeHM, wnorAa jwwb Ha 
i -2 MWHyTbi no HecKortbKy pa3 b 4ac. b aasucuMOCTH ot 
coAepwannfl Tetcyuiefl nepeAasw. Mockb3 Kpyrnocy- 
tomho cnyiuana 3(pnp w OTAaBana onepsTMBHbie yxa- 
3aHMfl An« Pnn no TeneTaiiny m KB paAHOKananaM 
(3CpwpHbiiii Mapitep «V»). B KOM3HAax yi<a3bJBanncb 
nacTOTbi m npoAonxKHTenbHOCTb ceanca nocraHOBKM 

HOMex. riOABHHblM 3MepHKaHCKOti paAHOMOHHTOpHOVI 

c/iy>K6bi b XenbcwHKW. CCCP 8bi6opo4HO rnyujMii ne- 
peAanw VOA Ha pyccxoM m yxpawHCKOM nawxax c 16 




PaduonepedaioiMan annapamypa na o6ba«me A»600 

BxiTtbHtoc. KQmn 70-x. 

anpens 1957 r. no 18 won* 1963 r. Taxow cnowHbiki. 
TpyAoeMKMi?i MeroA He onpaBAan ce6a. w ot Hero 
0TKa3anncb. xorAa CoBeTCKdti C0103 BnepBNe epe- 
MeHHO CHflji noMexM c nporpaMM BBC. DW n VOA Ha 
fl3bitcax napOAoa CCCP w CTpan Eanmn. C tom nopw 
nporpaMMbi 0npeAeneHHbix3apy6ewHb)xcTaHUHM rny- 
njHnu na npoTnweHMH Bcero BpeMeHM mx paSoTbi b 
3<pnpe m na Bcex MacTOTax 

B 33BHCHMOCTM ot cTeneHM «Bpa«me6HOCTn» ne- 
peA34, CTanuMM, BemaBLuwe Ha CCCP, noApa3Ae/in- 
jiMCb na TpH KareropMn: 

1. PaAwo «Cbo6oa3», «Tonoc M3p3nnn», paA"0 
TuipaHbi h «Cao60AHy»o Poccwo» rnyujHnw aneiapoH- 
hwm ujyMOM TMfl, c 1976 r - penenOAo6HbiM cwma- 
jiOM. 3ByKOBO« cutxa/i TMfl coctoh/i m mywia I reHe- 
paTopa (135 Tm), mne6nK)iAerocB Ha nacTore II reHe- 
paTopa (3 Tq), cnoMeHHoro c LuywoM III reHepaTopa 
(320 Tu), Koneenrotnerocfl h3 MacTOTe fV reHepaTopa 
(5 ru). 

2. BBC. DW, VOA. pSAno KtiTas m paAKO Kopew: 
cnanana mx rnytuwnii aneKTpoHHWM ujyMOM, a c 3 
SBrycTa 1 964 r. - My3btKanbHO-MH$opMai4noHHoii npo- 
rpaMMOii «ManK». nepeAa"n-inKM p360Tann b pe>«wMe 
nacTOTHow TenecpoHMM F3. npewMymecTBo xoToporo - 
njupOKaw {16 KrLt) nonoca. BbtcoKMti ypoBeHb MoaynR- 
qtdw h HCKSweHHwiS 3Byx «Manxa» Ha Swtobwx npnewi- 
HMKax 

3 PaAMOCTaHL4MHUjBeL|HH, KaHSAW, K3rOCJ13BMM. 

(ppaHLiMM. ErHrrra. MTanmi w Apyrne. b nepeAanax 




Onepamop Mecmno6 cmaHLtux paduodpymenus e Kaynace 



***^a karta Q'Q 



134 



4 KPACHDE KOJIECD 




3danue 6bieuieu omanuuu anywenu» danbtteao deiicmeim 
rio/ibuia. 40 km k sanady om Baptuaebi 



KOTOpbtX He SbiriO OCTpQW KpMTUKVI B OTHOUjeHMM Bf13- 

creii CCCP, nocne 1963 r. He noaaepra/iHCb rnyuje- 

HHK) 

C 1976 r rMfl nocreneHHo aaMeHnnn Ha peneno- 

AOSHblM CUman, CMOHTMpOBaHHbIM M3 KOpOTKMX (0.5- 

5 ceK.) 0parMeHTOB MywcKoro m weHCKoro rojioca 
fiiiKTopoe Bcecoi03Horo paAno Ero saynaHMe Hano- 
MMnano pokot Tonnw flnR paccwriKH Ha Bee KK!1 
cwman TMpajKuposann b rteHHHrpaACKOM AOMe 3ByKo- 
aanticif {neHTw «Twna 10» na naBcaHoeovi ocnoBe, 
WHpwna 6.25 mm. rojimnHa 37 mkm. KaTyiuKu Nb 15. 
CKopocib 9.53cM/ceK. 1 Aopo*Ka. SBy^anwe 65 mhh .). 
TaK KaK nMeBiunecq Ha KKn wecTKwe TpexMOTopHbie 
MamnTotpOHbi «TeM6p» 6bicrpo pacTarnBann neHTbi. 
awecTo mx npviMeHMJiH ycTpoftCTBa «A!"ICB». rAe 
cnvipanbHyK) MarHHT03anwcb c aopojkkh KpyTflmeroca 

AHCK3 CKMTbtBS/lW ABe MSrHMTHbie ronoBKM na TOHap- 

Max 

no cpaeneHUK) c mohotohhnm ujyMOM FMfl « pe^e- 
noA06Hbw cnrnan» caribHee pasApawan cnyLuaTe/ieti 
n ne noAAasancfl oixpunbTposKe. flo3AHee coTpyflHWK 
MHCTHTyra o6mecTBeHHbix Hayx npn L^K KTICC B. flpo- 
ujeHKO npeAnowvtn ncnojib30B3Tb b decree noMexn 
nepeAany HaKpbiBaeMOfi paAKOCTawqHH c aaA^pKKOvt 
3syK3 Ha necKoribKO cenynA Mmhcsfi3/ OTBeprno naeKJ 
onacancb cjiojkhoctm npneMa m pacnpeAe/ieHun no 
Pnn nporpaMM aa6nBaeMbix paAHOCTaHuww 

Asawflbi B MHHyry ujyM rMfl h pe4enOA06Hwrt 
cuman npepweancfl nosbiBHWM. coctaBnenHbiM us 
AByx 6yKB a36ynn Mopse KaxyjOM ropOACKOH Pnn 6bin 
npMCBOen WHAHBHAya/ibHbiM noawBHow flo Konqa 



LuecTHAecnTbix no3wBHbie MeHann 8 no/iH04b no 
MoCKOBCKowy Bpewenn c 4 Ha 5 h c 19 Ha 20 hhcho 
3to HanaTin AeiaTb nocne Toro. KaK y3Hanw o cyme- 
CTB0B3HMH sMepuKSHCxoro KOMMTeia TEAC (Technical 
Evaluation Advisory Committee) M3 npeflCTaBiiTenert 
RFE RL, VOA v\ l[PY KoMMTei cocTaann tcapTy cbth 
paAMonoAaBJieHMS CoBeTcraro Coto3a w coijcTpaH. 
3anaAHue paAHOMOHWTopHbie cnymSw 3a0WKcwpo- 
sann 6onee 500 n03biBHWx 

8 70-8 no3biBHbie CTann weHsub peflKo. BunbHioc- 
Ckiw o6i.eKT Nb 600 Mewfly 1976 M 1988 it TO/ibKO 
OflnawAw noMeH^n no3biBHOtf c «Bfl» Ha «nM» no- 
3WBHbie 6hinv\ nyjKHbi Ann ono3HaHnn paBOTbi OTAenb- 
Hbix Pnn OnepaTopbi KKn AOKnaAbiBann LjeHTpanb- 
HOMy nyHKiy ynpaBJieHMn o npneMe curHanos Pnn 
Apyrux ropOAOB HanpwMep. Bn^bHioc MOr 3atj3MKCw- 
poBarb no3w8HOM. no KOTOpOMy MocKea onpeAennna. 

VITO KaKOM-HH6yAb yKpaUHCKUfi 06"beKT BOBpeMfl ne 

coiuen c nacTOTbi paAUO «Cbo6oa3» m cosAan nowexn 
«PoAHHe». 3to 03HaMano nenpusTHOCTn Anf CMeHW 
npoBMHMBtuerocsi KKn 

PaAMOBemaTenbHbiM nepeaarMUKaM npucBanBa- 
m no3biBHbie n3 cepwn «PB» (b acpwp ohh He nepe^a- 
sa/iMCb) HanpuMep, «PB-848»6bin200-KMnoBaTTnbitf 
KB nepeaaTHMK Tuna «CHer-M» paAnoueHTpa nonOB- 
Ka JleHnnrpaACKovi oSnacin (HanoMHMM, to orctc^a 
c 1 971 no 1988 roA Benin paflnonoflaBneHne noribCKnx 
nepeflas RFE co no3biBHbiM «1T»). nocne CHflTun 
noMex MHoniM nepeflaxHMKaM 6biBLU«x Pnn BWAann 
«rpa«AaHCKne» noswBHbie TaK, «PB-1291» o6o3Ha- 
<nnn 80-KnnoBaTTHyio «nypry» na 06-beKre Na 903 
paAHOCTaHuwH BonbiuaKOBO a KannHHnrpaflCKOii o6- 
nacTM 

HTO KacaeTCfl n03blBHblX MOlUHblX «BOCbMWCO- 

Tbfx» paA^OMeHTpoB, to ectb ABa BapnanTa nn6o mm 
AaBa/iM o6mnii A^ fl scex nepeA3T4WKOB no3NBHOii, 
nn6o - no OTflenbHOMy An" «a>KAoro nepeAaTMMKa 
nosbiBHbie noeryna™ na nepeAarnnKn or aneicrpoMe- 

X3H144eCKMX y CTpO WCTB . KpyTH U4MMCH0T3J1 eKTpO M OTO- 

pa a^ck c SbipeaaMH ^aa>KAbi b MUHyTy aaMbiKan 
KOHT3KTW. npepbiBaB myM TMfl (wjw pe^enofloSHbiM 
curHan ) n BCTaBnflfl toh renepaTOpa AByx6yKBenH0ro 
nosbiBHoro. TaKne ycTapeBtuMe «MaiiJMHKH» noTOM 
3aMeHnnw na 6onee coBepiueHHwe «3Ae^nH c 0oto- 
3/ieMeHTaM« 

flo HacTynnennfl BpeMeH cnyrHMKOBOw canaii VOA 
nocwnan nporpaMM N b peTpancnflTopbi no KB PPfl 
qepea y3noeoii paAvoaeHTp rpviHawnn s CeaepHOK 
KaponwHe nepeAann pyccKofi cny)«6bi VOA BwxoflH- 
n\A b acpup ^epea paAH0CT3HUHK) BycpepTOH (Benn- 
Ko6piiTaHns), MiOHxeH-McMaHMHr(repMaHMn}, KaBana 
(TpeuMH) m TaHJKep (MapoKKO) B rpwHBM/ine luecrb 
50-KH/lOBaTTHblX CBfl3Hb!X nepeAaTMUKOB pa6oTa^ii B 
pe>KMMe Aayx HesaBUCWMbix 6oKOBbix nonoc C HOflBB- 
neHHOw Hecymeii 

Hto KacaeTCH eonpoca. CTaann dm CCCP noMexn 
Ha KB paAMopeneHHbie flMHMM, to MneHHR aKcnepTOB 

npOTHBOpeHHBbl. flO 1975 T ftnf PPJ1 VOA 6blJ1H 

xapaicrepHbi nacre B03HHKaBajne ujyMbi w o6pbiabi ot 
MCKyccTBeHHbix noMex hhh na-3a cnaSoro npoxo)«fle- 
HMfl paAWBODH hsa ATrtamviKOK bo spewfl BosMyme- 



-KAPTA No A i-tt JO05 






4 rnyuiEHHE 



135 



huh nonoccpepbi. PyccKan cnywSa VOA sanwcbiBana 
KOHuepTbt nonMysbiKH Ha BMnnnoBbie nnacriiHKn w 
paccbmana mx no peTpaHCjisnnpaM, HToSbi a/ipecaTbt 
s CCCP Mornn cnyiuaTh Myatony Sea TpecKa MewxoH- 
TMHeHTanbHoit PPfl 

riepabie npn3H3KM CMflrweHMq paflH0LieK3ypbi 
no$iBnnncb e niOHe 1986 r., KorAa paSoTaauiww «Ha 
3KcnopT» coBeTCKMM wypHanwcT B/iaA^MMp ri03Hep B 
OAHOki us TenenepeflaM CUiA 3aHBtw wfnyweHHe 
Qbijio KOHTpnpoflyKTMBHbiMB B KOHqe Toro «e roaa Ha 
aCTpeMe b HcnaHAtw Muxami rop6anee npeAJiowwn 
PoHaribfly PefiraHy ne^To BpoAe o6Mena nycm> kom- 
MepnecKne CTannnn CLUA nanHyT peTpaHc/mpoBaTb 
MocKoacKoe pafltio Ha anrnMflcKOM «3biKe. a b otbct 
CCCP CHMM6T noMexM c VOA (ho ne c RFEflRL). Hflew 
nwjanncb pa3BMTb AneKcaHflp Fluos/ies n Mapnbs 

YHK, HO y HVtX HHMerO He BblLUnQ. 

Eme pas BepneMCfl k nwcbwiy b UK KHCC E Jtn- 
raneBan B Me6pwK0B3 ot 5 ceHTflSpfl 1986r «llepe- 
flami HenpaBMTenbCTBeHHbix paflnocTaHunti «Paano 
Csoooaa^ «Ceo6oAnas Espona», a TaKxe paano- 
CTaHqMii «Hewei4KaR BonHa» n « Tonoc H3pawnH» MMe- 
K3T oTxpoBeHHo aHTncoBeTCKw>i xapaicrep m W305nny- 

tOT 3J105HQM KneBBTOM Ha COBeTCKyK) flewCTBWITe/lb- 

Hocrb PaAMocTanmiM we «ronoc AMepnKn» n «Bn- 
Bm-Cu» noaaioT cboh Marepnaribi. ksk npaBuno, Ten- 
AeHunosHO. c aHTticoBercKHX nosHqwfJ, CTapancb npn 
3tom npnAepKHBatbcn oSteKTHBucTCKoro noAXOAa k 
ocBeateHMto coQbiTMfi h cpatrroB MeaviyHapoAHOrt wwa- 
hm, nonnTMKM 3KOHOMMKM m KynbTypbi flponaraHAW- 
crcKne waTepnanbi paflnocTaHUMti «PaAH0 nexuHM n 
«PaflMO Kopea» HeApywecTBeHHw no OTHQiueHKK) k 
CCCP, ho Ma/io y6eAHTenbHbj, a noAana mx ocyme- 
CTBnneTCB npeAB3sn*o m npnMHTHBHO» 

flanee, ccwnawcb Ha «npOAenaHHyio sHaswesib- 
Myio pa60Ty no pacujitpeHHK) macHOCrrvi» nocne an- 
penbCKoro (1985 r.) nnenyMa L(K KIICC. pexoMeHAy- 
eTCfl npeKpaTMTb mynteHMe «Tonoca AMepnKn». «Sn- 
6ei-Cw». «PaAno neKHHa» n «PaAHo Kopew*. a «bwc- 
BooowAaiomMecn npki 3tom TexHHnecKkie cpeacTBa 
ncnonb30BaTb a/ia 6onee KanecTeeHHoro k HaA6«HO- 
rornyweHnnpaAi*ocTaHLiLiHKPaAMoCBo6oAa», «Cbo- 
6oAnafi EBpona». «HeMeuKan BO/iHa» m «ro^oc Hspa- 
vtrm» npeACTaajweTCfl ratoKe L{enecoo6pa3HbiM Macrb 

TeXHM46CKHX CpeflCTB MCnOObSOBaTb flTIH paCUJHpe- 

hhh coeercKoro Bemannsi Ha KanHTa/rncTviMecKMe CTpa- 

Hbi». 

HaAO OTAaTb AO^WHoe M rop6a>neBy. KOTOpbiti 
H3 3T0M He OCTaHOBHHCB. FIOMexH noKHHym BBC 21 
siHBapfl 1987 r , VOA - 23 Man 1987 r renceK noHM- 
Man, hto noriMTMKa rnacHocTM He ssweTCfi c ueHaypofi 
h b Hongpe 1 988 r. Ao6nncR peweHHH nonwnSropo I4K 
KHCC nortHOM chhthh paAnonoMex 8 AeKa6pn 1 988 
roAa M ropeaneB na aneHapHOM saceAanwH OOH b 
Hbto-l/topKe aanBHJi: «B KOHTeKde xenbCUHKCxoro 
npouecca paccuaTp^BaeM vi cHPTwe noMex Ann nepe- 
A3m BcexMHocTpaHHbixpaAnocTaHLinii. Bematomux Ha 
CoaeTCKHii Cok>3» BcecoBeTCKMePnn6bt^n BWKnto- 
neHbf B nonHOMb no MOCKOBCKOMy BpeMenn co BTopnu- 
Ka, 29 HOflBpn, na cpeAy. 30 H0«6pfl 1988 r. Hm-epec- 

HO. 4T0 npWKa3 MUHHCTpa CBR3U CCCP N9 38c «0 




CoepvMBHHaft cmanuun enyuiemifi e Kumae 
flepedaw tcaxux cmaHuuu ona «3a6usaem» cazodH*? 

npenpameHMM c 30 HonSpfl 1 988 r. myujennfl sapy- 
6ewHbix paAwoCTaHMWii, seAymux BemaHne Ha CoBeT- 
ckmk Cokj3», 6bm noAnncan Tonbtco 19 fieKa6pn 
cnycTH 1 1 Anew noc/ie awcTyn/ieHWH M. rop6a*neBa m 
cnycTn 20 AHeft nocne npeKpaiAeHun rnytueHMs, flo- 
3Awee eme Ha6jitQAaJincb cnynaH npHMenennH «Tex- 
hwkm 6nwsKoro npwjieraHta«» - semaHWR Ha HacroTax 
«CBoSoAbis uriM Ha npuneraKSiynx k hum, 

noc/ie 1989 r. neKQTOpbie nepeABTHiiKM SbiBiunx 
Pnn apeHAOBaHbi pj\* BBC, DW, RFE/RL m VOA 
Macrb paflwocpeACTB, ncnonb30BaBLunxcfl Ann my- 
LueHMa, ceiiMac ne pa6oTaer, ho coAepwHTcn b xopo- 
wew coctoahmw. do cooSiyeHnio «*OHAa 3amnTb! 
rnacHOCTM». MOCKOBCKoe M3AaTenbCTBO « Panes » b 
HonSpe 1997 r, wanpaBwna Ha «CBo6oAy» y/ibTMMa- 
TyM: ecnn paAHOCTanmifi He nepeciaHeT «ockop6- 
nnTb nauwonanbHoe aoctohhctbo HapOAOB Poccnw», 
to «nanes» HaMHer Bw6opoMHoe rnyiueHMe a MocKBe 
\a CaHKT-rieTep6ypre. B tom we roAy aMepuKaHCKuS 
yneHbiii flwaMU Merun npeAno)Kvin C03A3Tb Mo6nnb- 
HyK3cny>K6y paAHonoAaBneHHflnpn OOH floMHeHMto 
aBTopa HA6^. MaccoBbie y6nwcTBa m ssepcrBa, coBep- 
ajeHHbie b OTHotueHHw pyanAwwCKoro napoAa TyTcn, 
noACTpeKanwCb paA«oronocoM BOMHCTByiomux xyry, 
>KepTB 6btno 6bi ropa3AO MeHbuje. ecnn 6bi MewAyna- 
poAHan o6mecTBeHHOCTb caoeBpeMeHHO newTpann- 
soeana noApwBHyio cTaHLiMto. 

B OKTHSpe 2002 r npe3WAeHT Poccmm B. nyTMH 
OTMeHun yKa3 npeaHAeHTa B EnbLjMHa ot 1991 r.. 
rapaHTupoB3BiunM atih paA^o «Cbo5oa3» npeAOC- 
Taenenne «Heo5xoAHMbix xaHanoB cbb3h». fleKpei B, 
FlyniHa co3Aan iopnAMMecKvie npeAnocbinKM Ana yn- 



■•*+•+ kaj'i org 



136 



4 KPACHOE KQJ1ECQ 




100-KUfioeammnbiu KopomKoeonnoebiC nepedamvux 

sTecftan xomophtti ucnotibaoeancn dm snytuemm nonbcxux 

f7pospSMM cmani4uu Paduo Ceo6odnaa Eepona a 1970 e 



paMHeHMfl nnueH3MM peTpancrmTopaM pyccKoiii cnyw- 
6bi RFE/RL b Poccvih Ahohhmh3H o6mecTBeHHasi 
rpynna e 2003 r a HHTepHeie Ha catrre nofl nosyHrowi 
«Her pycoepoSiiM b Poccmm!» Tpe5yeT «3aKpbfrwH tura6- 
KBapTMpbt paflno «Cao6ofla» b MocKae. 3anpeTaTpaHc- 
nflquw «a cpeflHux BOJiHax nepexian paAno «Cbo6o- 
Aa». «HeueuKOM BonHbiu. «Tonoca AMepi*Kn» v\ rny- 
LueH^R ecex aHTupyccKnx nepeaa4 bo acex Auanaso- 

H3X» 

B 1 997 r mw o6p3Tkijincb k saMecTHTenio npeflce- 
flaienfl TocyAapcTBeHHOro KOMMTeia no cbssh k mh- 
tpopMaTH3aunw Pocchmckoh <6eflepaunn A. Bstiolukh- 
Hy c npocbQoH peKOMenAosaTb SKcnepToe no TeMe 
paflnonoflasneHHfl. K coMtaneHwo, TaxoBtix natf™ He 
yaanoct. OiBeTHoe rwcbMO ot 8 0KTst6pa 1997 r 
saeepaiaeTCR crtOBaivm: «Bcba3H c npMHBTHeM npaBM- 
renbCTBeHHbix petueHHii. paSoTbi no «paflnornyuje- 
HMto« b 1988-1989 rr. 6bi/in saxOHneHbi 06-b.eKTbi 
nepenpo0«/iMpoBaHbi, 3KcnnyaTau>ioHHO-TexHHMec- 

K3B H HOpMaTMBHafl flOKyMeHTaUHH yHWHTOWeHbl, 060- 
pyfloaaHne cnncano» 

riblTa/ICH JIM ICT0-HH6yflb B COB6TCK0M Coi03e 

npOTeCTOBan. npoTMB orpanMHeHHtf flocryna k noTOKy 
MewflyHapoflHoiipaano/HclJopMaunH? OTBeTa Ha stot 
sonpoc cneflyei ncKaTb b Marepwanax caMU3A3Ta 
npM ManwMHM 30npHbix noMex coBercKwe rpasyiaHe 
Momn nucaTb wanoSbi s wHcneKquw a^etopocensn no 




UsMonmanc «snyuiunKu» e Bo/it>HWce Anpent> 1989 e 



MecTy >KMTenbCTBa OflHako 5 nyHia «HHCTpyKunn o 
nopsfiKe npneiwa n paccMOTpeHHH sajmneHHtf Ha hh- 
flycTp«anbHbie noMexw paAnonpneMy» r/iacwi, mto 
«no 3anB/ieHn»M na noMexn npneMy paAnoBeiuanns s 
flB. CB m KB fluanasoHax Mepbi no ycrpaHeHwo nowex 
npMHHMaroTCfiBcnyMaeHeyflOBJieTBopwTenbHoronpn- 
eMa Tonbra Tex paavtocTaHmw , KOiopwe npeAna3Ha- 
neHbi flnn oSecne^eHMfi Beuu,aHneM sohw b Koiopyio 
BxoAHTAaHHa»o6nacTb(Kpaii. pecny§/iwKa)». KoneM- 
ho, nepefla^H 3ana,o,Hbtx CTaHLtww n Qbunw npeAHaana- 
neHbi ADA «o6ecneHeHnn BemaHvieM» 6ortbujeki hbcth 
TeppnTopnn CCCP. ho xanoObi Ha noviexw sapyGew- 
Hbiw ro/iocaM osHa^a/in HenpuflTHOCTM Ann mx bbto- 

pOB. B KSKOM «30He» OHM 6bl HH XMHI/I 

CoKpameHMR 

AM - 3Mn;iMTyAnafl MOAynfiunfl 

AnCB - annapar noaanM CHmanoa aeuaaHMFi 

Bnflilll) - sn6paTop rop«30nTanbnbni flnana30HHwM (myH- 

TOBblMj 

rMfl - renepaTop Metuaiomero oeficravifi 

/JB - AnnHHbie BoriHu 

KB - nopOTKne Bonnbi 

KKTI - KOHTponbMO-KOpDeKTMpOBOMHbt^ nyHtcf 

OBn - oflHa SoKoaaH nonoca 

nKB - nepeaaTMHK KopoTKOBonHOBbiS paanoBeLuaTenbHbiw 

nKM - nepBAaTMHK KopOTKOBOJiHoawtf MarncTpa/ibHO^ pa- 

awenM 

PB - paAHQBeLuaTenbHbw 

Pnn -paAnocTaHLivifl nocTaMOBKM noiwex 

Pfiy - paflHOfipHeMHoe ycrpovtcreo 

PPJ1 - paflwope/ieiiHaB ^mhma 

p/c - paAMxrraHLinq 

CB - cpeflHue bohhw cpeflHeBonHOSbiiS 

crj - cMwrp33-iafl roDui3oHTanbM3H flwana30HHaH aHTeHna 

Tfir - pannoTenerpatpHwii 

yKB - ynbTpaKOpoTKne bojihw, ynbTpaKOpomOBOnHOBbitt 

BBC - British Broadcasting Corporation 

DW - Deutsche Welle 

IBB - International Broadcasting Bureau 

RFA - Radio Free Asia 

RFE, RL, RFE/RL - Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty 

RIAS - Raa o in rh* Ame-iia-- Sectoi 

VOA - Voice of Amenca 

KoHcynbmauuxMu, nepeeodaMu, socnoMuwaHuw- 
mu. cQopoM un0opMBuuu u mexHuvecxou noMombio 
nanucaHuto cmambu <tPaduoueH3ypa» codeucmeoeanu 
cnedyiowue rnnta, xomopbix P. HneQKuc cepdeiwo 
6naaodapum 

A. BamtotuKUH. A. BapGaHcxuu. K. Tyces, C. AyGaeeu, 

B. Mapoe. B. Mypun. A. Knenoe. C. Konecoe, H Kpecmb- 
ft HUHoaa, 0. MaKCUMemo, H. Mauxemo. !1. Muxaunoe. 
r. MoauflbHuiiKuu, B. Opnoe. A. Ocunoe, M. HoMepaH- 
uea. B. Tumapee, H. Toucmou, A. Condamoe, C Coced- 
hum, O. Aim, M. Andrvszczenko. J. Bohac. V. Butnmas. 
J 6epas, M. Drygas. G, Jacobs. L. JonuSys, A. Kita. 

I. Kopacka, J. Kozel, M. Krol, H Kuht, P. Leskevidius. 
V. Uckus, I. Lickuviene. R MarkeviSius. S Mason, 
N. Mickiend, M. Pietrvski. J Pleikys. E, Ramonas. 
J. Staniulis, A. Stelingis. R Stirblys. G Tamulis. 
B. Trutenau, D. Walcutt. S 2itionis 

6 Copyright Rimantas Plaikys 






KAPTA* l« 43-44 2QC5 



4$ riVUEME 



137 



Oim rMOTpeAH it.1 aero, 6yATO jKAaAH, «rro oa bot ceaiac, ki-m^uchhu < niiMer c anx KomMap, 
rep i.t 1,111 ii if ax (*imhiiviii», KaWAbia Aeab a aaiKAyio aoib mhoio act doapha- Hy «rro me, 
iioavm,i\ MtihriiM, iAft-h a no apaaaea Mepe 6vav Hymea ae aas toro, vto6m y6aaaTt, a A*a 
toio, tto6m Ae^HTb... Ho Bo«ieMy-TO 3Ta MMCAb ae AocTaaaAa cmv aaaaKoro yAOBAexBOpeaHH. 
Bamaa, aymba oa, KaKaa raAOCTb... 3to *e aaAO Omao npaAYMa t b. HaAO Gwt* r\ Mai hh-ahhim. 
aaAO ftUTh caABCTOM, vro6hi 3to hpjiavmjtl... 

ApKa^BB b BopHc CrpyranKBe 

< >"i! !,!<-',: 1.1 II ocrpoB» 
1968 r. 



« q 3HAJ1, TAE HAXOAMTCq «l7iyLlJMTEJ.b 



» 



«BcnoMUHaemca cydt>6a Cepaen XanxeHKoea, 
omcudeetueao 3a nonbimKy - unu daxe Ma/wepewue - 
mopeamb '{znyiuumenbu e MuHcne, a eedb uexodn U3 
odwevenoeevecKux 3a6om. Henb3» noHnmb smoeo 
npecmynnuKa wane kbk Gopua 3a eceodutuQ mup» 

M3 UHmepebioA . Conmenuu,bina asenmcmey «Ac- 
cotuusumed npecc», easeme «Mond». Mocxea, 23 
aaaycma 1973. 

KaKwe we coSwtwh npwaeriM cryaenTa 4 Kypca 
MwHCKoro asTOflopowHoro MHCTHTyra Cepres XaH- 
weHKOBa Ha cxaMbto noacy.nwwbix'? 06paTHMcn k cy- 
xwM cTpoKaM 06BMHHTe/ibHoro 3aKnKJMeHMfl no yro- 
nOBHOMy fleny Ne 55. 

«npoK3seieHHKM no nexj paccxejoBastK- 
eu ycTaHOBJtflHo, uto XaHxenxoB, CMCTe.ua- 
TioecsH npocJtjTHKBaa c 1958 rojta bhthco- 
BeTcxwe nepejanK 3apyfiexHHx paxnocTaK- 
q»if?» nonaa nox BxnaHJie <5yp*ya3HOi! ifieo- 
aornK v, HaiHHaa c secKH 1962 roja, 
npoBojtHJt opraHH3amioHHyB seaxe^BHocTt 
no coaaaffKB aHTKCOBercxoS opranioamfit*. 

Aajree xa odBHHHTejiiHoro aaxJiEieHKs 
Cfexyer , ito C. XaHzeHxoB npifBJiex it 
«ccB:.;ecTKoP aKTMCOBercxof! xeaTejri>HOCTn» 
H. XpanoBKasoro v. T. Cepern«a. OlaiiHse- 
mhs , «et»MTas cefia axpow coaxaHHoB opra- 
HxaaattH, npaxxK x Bireoxy o HeooxoxKnocTH 
3Hai«TejrkHoro yaexKieHKa ee h coaxamia 
xopomo aaKOHCDHpHpoBaKHoS opraHHsannH..*. 

«OceKiti 1962 roja XameHXoB Hanncaji 
nporpa?jfwy h npoext yCTBBa opraHtoaqHx, e 
soTopux c$opMnpoBaji npecTynKHe qejiK m 

3'13HK OpraKKSattHK, M6TOXH HX DCJieCTSje- 

«TIpoBexeHKe CBoeR opraHHSosaHHoR oopi- 
3h c CoBeTcsofi s-iacuD y^iacTH«iK opraKH- 
a&nv.v. no npejtaoxeHHij XasieHisBa peaH.tM 
Hajari c coBapaeHHH XHaepcftoHHoro axTa — 
ncxpHBa Uhhcxos* paxnoCTaHqHK B 3«» fpevb 
udem o paduoewtuKe «znyuiumena» 3apy6exHbtx pa- 
duonepedau. - 3.X.). 



*I1ox.phb paaxocTaHtiKi* aoaxeH (Shji sbkti>- 

CS TO^IXOM, npH3KB0M X aSTHBHSaRHM 8HTK- 

coBeTcxx HacrpoeHHHX jikii b CTpaHe, cb«- 

XBTejfiCTBOBaTi O Ha.THTJKM aHTMC0B©TCKOff 

opraHHsaqKK h oO^er^Hti ycTaHos^eHMe 

CBK3H C XpyrKMH l-Tvc, B f TC5C KacTpoeHHH- 

.y« JtMuaui! k opraHK3am:aMH..». 

««XaHxeHXOB| HanKwaa c secHH 1962 
roxa m xo oceHH aToro xe roxa, Kay^aa 
pacnojioxeHne oOiexTOB paxKOCTamiKH III 3, 
HeoxHoxpaTHO npoHHxax na ee TeppHTopun n 

npOH3B6X HeoSXOXMMKB K3V«peHt)a t Ha OCHO- 

BaHHH xoTopict cocTaBMJt cxeuaTMnecxH!! m 

wacaT sl6hu% nzaHU pacno.ioxeHMa oStemoB 
paxHocTannHJ! » oxpyxauawx ee crpoeHx!!, a 
rasxe pacoKTaj xo^itiiecTao B3pira^aToro 
seaecTBa, HeoCxoxKMoro x^a noxpsaa pa— 

SHOCTaHIJMH*. 

«C -Jie.-ihx; npMoSpeTeHHa BspKBHaToro 
BeaecTBa xxa noxpitBa pax«ocTaHmr« IB 3 
XaKxeHaoB « XpanoB«tqxnfl b xoHtje Jiera h 
ocbkbo 1962 roxa npnoope^M 9 apTu JJtepwf?- 
cx«x CHapaxos k xb« MMHOueTKxe w~u». 

«OXHOBpe,yesiHo c noxpiraoM paxMocraH- 
mt« m 3 XaHxeHXOB, ZpanoBHUxn!! v. CeperKH 
roTOBHJinc» x H3roT0BxeHn» k pacnpocTpa— 
neHHS aHTnco- 
BercxKi ancTo— 
box, a .1.1 nero 
."'.". J. -.*■■". ■• j ■-;::- 
co8h KsroToB^e- 

H«a -TKCTOBOX, 

Bc-npoc o np«D<3- 
pe-reHHH OKayaeR 
MaaHHXK h npM- 
odpeJut 5 xr 840 
rpawvoB TKnor— 
pa$cxoro apHiJi- 
ra, Mcno^b3ya 
X.XR 3toH qejiw 
Mioxtfttro 
flpara laHxenxo— 
Ba». 




Cepeeu XamxeHKae Mopdoeua. 
nazepk >KX - 385 17. anpenb 1973 s 



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131 



4 KPACHDE KDflECO 



27 nor 1963 rofla C XaH*eHKOB n ero Apy3bH 
6wnn apecTOBaHw. y*e Mepe3 cyTKM Cepreio crano 
hcho: KFB3HaeTBce MonoA^x noAnonbiuMKOS «BenM» 
npaimiHecKn c caMoro Havana mx AenTeribHOCTM . Oamh 
na MnenoB rpynnw, no MHeHwo Ceprea XaHweHKOsa. 
6bin npoeoKaropoM . . . 

OxpHqaTb HannMHe opraHMsaqMM 6wno SeecMbic- 
neMHo, noaTOMy cbokj maBHyio saaa^y Ha cneACTBMM 
C XaHweHKOB BMAen b tom. vrroSbi KaK mowho MeHbuie 
ntoaeii KoMMTeT rocyaapCTBeHHOM SesonacHOCTH Mor 
npHene^tb k OTBeTCTBeHHOCTM Cyfl npH3nan ero hhh- 
LiwaTopoM m pyKOBOAHTeneM opraHMsauMM w npnroBO- 
pun no o6BnneHMio b nonbiTxe coBepwMTb AHBepcuio 
n b npoaeaeHHn sht^cobbtcko^ arvrrauwM ui nponaran- 
Aw k 1 roAaM 3aKnKweHnn b narepsx dporo pewwwa. 

— Cepseu. paccxamu, noxanyQcma, o ceoeu 

CBMbB. 

-fl poflmicn b 1942 roay Ha KoribiMe Motf OTeq, 
Syflynw ciyaeHTOM 3 Kypca oahopo MOCKOBCKoro hh- 
CTnTyTa, 6wn b 1 935 roAynocaweH na 5neT (TOraa. KaK 
npaBkino, Aasann t3kom cpoK) no o5anHeHwio b anin- 
coaeTCKOii arnraqtiw KcTa™ . oh sanflncfl ceKpeiapeM 
KOMCOMonbCKOM opraHM3annM c^aKynbTeTa. flocne 
ocBo6owaeHHfl eMy ne pa3peLUnnn noKunyTb Konwwy 
fleA no nwHHM Matepw Own acepoM cwAen Ha Cojiob- 
Kax. ocBoCoflMJicfl, b TpMAuaTwe toaw BHOBb apecro- 
Bann m paccTpenflnn EdecTBeHHO. a cewbe 6bina 
ocoGafl aTMOccpepa. a pe6enKOM see sto BnnTMBan b 
ceSfl 

KoHenHO. mom B3mnAbi {popMnposanncb m noA 
BnnflHweM oKpy)KaiouieM AewcTawrenbHOCTM. Kto xnn 
Ha KonuMe? EwBWMe 33kh Hm o Kaxoti niooBM k 
CTanwny He 6wno vt penn. Koraa yMep MBOWAb Hapo- 
aob». Bee OTKpoeeHHO paAOBanncb He 6bmo y m6h» 
HHKorfla v\ nweTeTa k JleHdHy, ywe c AeTCTBa noHMMan 
oh rnaBHbiM bmhobhmk 6eA JIst c flecnTvt a npwcTpac- 
TMnca k raseraiw, way-m/ica HaxoAMTb b hux Maccy 
npoTMBOpeMMM m HenenidLi. 

riocne 1956 roAa HatueM ceMbe pa3peiiinnn awe- 
xarb c KonwMW Mu nocennnncb a MuncKe. fl mhoto 
HMTan. nuTepaTypa noMorna oco3HaTb. mto 6wna h 
ecTb )«M3Hb HHati, omnMHafl ot Hatue^ Cnyiuan pa- 
Ano, 3apy6e>KHbie nepeAanw 
noATBep>«Aanw npasunbHocrb 
ywe cnowviBiiiwxcf! B3rjisiA0B, 
Aasann aononHHTenbHyio ap- 
ryMeHTaqnio. . UI b niKO/ie ia b 
HHCTHTyre fl anonHe co3HaTenb- 
ho He BCTynan a komcomod 

KoHe^Ho )Ke. « cnyman sa- 
naAHbie paAMOCTaHUMM. «Tonoc 
AwepuKHw. Eh-6h-cm, «HeMeu- 
«yio BonHy». «OcB060)KAeHne» 
- iaK TorAa Ha3waa/iocb «Pa- 

AVtO «CB060A3» JlaMHOBbJl?! 
npneMHMK - 60flblUOK TaKOM 
RLUMKt - HOHbW. Ha KyXHe CM- 
AM UJb. cnyujaeujb., \A MfleT sto 
HasH34MBoe rjiyweHHe. KOTO- 
poe SecMno. - A3 Karoe ohm 
npaBO MMetoT mytuMTb 1 (lpn- 




Cepseu XanMenK0e s 1991 e 

yeM q eeflb 3Han - cnyLiiaiOT nomw Bee! OAH3KO 
OTHocflTcn k rnyiiieHMK) SeapaanM^HO. oiobho k npM- 
poAHOMy ABjieHMto MAetAOWAb. r/iyiuaT«ronoc3» 
HM4ero He nOAenaeiub naflo npuHopaBDMBaTbcn ... 
Ho 3to )Ke HenpaannbHo! 

fl 3Han, rAe HaxofltiTCfi «rnyiuMTenb». B qeHTpe 
Mmhck3 bo Asope oflHoro M3 aomob Ha nepece^eHMM 
HbiHetLHMX npocneiaa Ckophhn m yxiMMbi Ko3noBa, 
CTon/iH Ase MeTannw^ecKwe Ma^Tbi OAny cew^ac y6- 
pa/iw, a sTopan ao chx nop qena. ttcnonbsyeTCfl An" 

K3KMX-TO paAMOTeXHM^eCKMX <J)yHKL(HH Korfla Mbl B 

Mmhck npMexanM, b 3tom AOMe noHa^any CHMManM 




Muhck. nnoiuadb Riryda Konaca 3a douauu - me ca*fwe 6au/«u-«3/i/uJu/»fUB 



■KAPTA- M>*3~** 200$ 



<$ riyuiEHNE 



139 



KOMHary fl aanoMHMJi: Bcenaeucn, pacwisAbmaeM 

SeiilM, a 33 OKHOM 6 TeMHOTe CBeTflTCR KpaCHbIMM 

oroHbKaMn 3tm caMwe Ma^Tw. CnpamnBato y xo3smkvi: 
hto 3to^ Ona MaxHyjiapytcofl: «Am. myiuMTe/ibi» «F"jiy- 
wnTerib» -TaK«x Bce3Bann MoweT. oQbeia n cMHTan- 
cn ceKpeTHWM, ho /irooas wecTHas 6a6ycn p3CCK33a- 
na 6w saM ™ sto k a^h nero. 

CoSCTBeHHO, T3K H B03HMKTI3 MWCJIb - B30pBaTb 

«rnyujn^Ky»' Bowe ynacn, HMtcaKow kpobm 1 HwKaKwx 
MenoBeqecKwx KepTa' Mmcto fleMOHCTpaTHBHbiii aia 
npocro oflHa>Kflb( BewepOM twcsmm nioAeM npwBbiMHO 
BKnrcmaT npweMHMKW - a ocpup 5yfler ^hctum. 06n3a- 
Te/ibHO notiayT paaroBopw. B30pB3Jin «rnyujnTenb»! A 
l «TOTaKoe«fyiyujmenb»'? 3a4eM oh BOOSme nyxen? H 
napofl BcrpeneHeTcs ... TaK HaM swflenocb 

...Mepea saoop «rnymMTe/iH» » Jia3an To/ibno 
pa3, M3MepBJi awaMeTp onop aha Toro, HTo6bi pacc--in- 
raTb aapHA- M nnaH MecTHOCTM cocTaBwi HaM we 
HaAo Sbino noaannxb Mawibi TaK. mto6w ohm, naflaa. 
hw b KoeM cnynae He aaAerm 6/inwaMiune flOMa. 

- t-lmo npedcmaemna U3 ce6830Ha dm nonumu- 
vecKux. xoada mbi npuObin e Mopdoeuto? 

- fl nortan b Mopaobhio b KOHLie 1963 rofla 
Oica3a/iCH Ha ceflbMow aone. nocenoKCocHOBKa Haiun 
nonvtTMMecKHe «ciaTbn» cuflenH m b OAHHHaflLiaTofi. u 
b nepaoM, b ceMnaAMaroM n e fleBfrmaflLtaTow sonax 
Bcero HacHMTWBanocb b Mopaobmm oco5o onacnbtx 
3amiiOHeHHbix Tbicfl4 aecflTb. K3 hkx OKorto fleyx Tbicnn 
naxoflMnocb Ha «ceMep*ce». 

B 30He MHoro Sbtno cufleauuMX 3a BotiHy. a raiOKe 
«ceMHflecnTHKKOB» (aHTMcoBeTcxan arMTaqnB m npo- 
naraHfla. - 3.X.). CaMbiM MHTepecHbfii riarepHbiii ne- 
pMOA. Ha mom Bsrnflfl, a He aacTa/i. K TOMy apeMewt 
MHorve nocaweHHbie e 56 - 57 roflbi ywe oceo6ofln- 
rincb. 3aKOHHMnnoTcnflKyPeBoribTnMMeHOB, Muxann 
MonocreoB Dpaafla, ocTasarmcb euje KpacnoneB- 
jee MenbLunKOB 

Hasanocb ywecTOMentie pewMwia K ceMMflecn- 

TblM TOflaM - MU TOrfla C TOSotf BCTpeTMJIMCb - nopsfl- 
kh ywe b 30He 5binn coecew uMbie 

- HacKoribKO « jwaw, CepaeQ. u a danbHetitueM 
peMUM cmaHoeuncn ace xecnme u Mecnwe.. M3/we- 
Mfl/iacb odcmaHOBKa e cmpano, Menpnucb u nopndKu 
e naeepe. B cepedune namudecxmbtx aodoe uenaa 
nfienda Monodbtx pecpopMamopoa npuwna a naaepb c 
eepou a weojoe-WHOcmb CKopux KopeHHbix pe<popM e 
mu3hu cmpaHht... 

- Bee BepHO. Haaeayibi yneTyHMnMCb b cbji3m c 

HeOWHAaHHbIMM a33MOp03KaM/» OfiHO fleno. KOrfla 

caflwiubcfi c aepoii b Snuaocrb noOeflw. flpyroe - 
Korfla nepcneKTMBa coBepmeHHo HeonpefleneHHaa 
Beflb k ceroflHfl Taxan B3anMocBfi3b BMflHa. 

- MHoeue npuxodunu a naaept, MapucucmaMu. 
peeu3uOHucmaMu, a yxodunu modhwiu coeepiueHHo 
dpysux y6exdeHuO. C mo6oQ vmoHudydb npousow- 
no nadoSHoe? 

- HeT! PI Beflb He 6t>m hm wapKCMCTOM, nvt neHviH- 
L46M. flcMHTa/i. ^TOHecTOMTM3o6peTaTbBenocnnefl. 
HaM Haflo ncnojib30BaTb yxte anpo6npoBaHHyio mo- 
flenb aanaflHoft no/iwrimecKOti cucreMbi. C T3khmh we 
y6e>KfleHHflMH n ocBo6oflwncfl FlpaBfla. roflbi saKnio- 
HeHw« MeHH cH/ibHO o6oraTwnn 3HaHMnMM; rfle e^e 





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MOJKHO 6bl/10 BCTpeTMTb 
CTOHbKO pa3HblX, yMHblX M HH- 

TepecHwx ntofleft! 

- CoManen nu mw xozda- 
Hu6ydb o cnyvuaaietocx? M3- 
Menunacb nu meosf oneHxa 
ce6R, moadauiHeao? 

- CoBepweHHo He wanen . 
CHKTaio. hto fi fleitCTBOBan b 

COOTBeTCTBHM CO CBOHM nOHM- 

MaHneMAewcTBuTenbHocTvi fl 
npeflCTaB/ifin. hto BnepeflM 
flonras. KponoTjinB3H pa6oTa 
no pa 3pyujeHmo TOTan mapna- 
wa DonbiTKa saopBaTb r/iyiuvi- 
tenb, KOweMHO. coeepiueHHo 

He BBJIfWaCb aKTOM 3K0H0MM- 
4eCKOM flMBepCMW 3T0 aKLlHfl 

6buia saflyMaHa xaK <hhcto npo- 
naraHAMCTCKasi. Mu nponase- 
nw pacMeTbt (q nsyMa/i B3pbiB- 
Hoe fleno). Bee npeAyCMOTpe- 

HH, HT06bl BO BpeMfl B3pb(Ba 

hukto He nocTpaAan. 

- Wmo mbi denan nocne 
oceo6om0enu»? 

- CaM nOHUMaeujb, co- 
3A3BaTb KaKne-^n6o opraHW- 
3ai4MM nocne otchakm. Kor^a 
Tbi noA HeycTaHHWM HaSnto- 
A6HneM KfB. He OMeHb-To pe- 

ailbHO ripMXOAHriOCb Bbl6n- 
p3Tb HHbie CpOpMbl B03fleH- 

ctbwr na OKpyjKaioijmix re6n riWAefi 3 Bwnieii wa 
narepft c coeepmenHo yHMKanbHbiw 6arawoM 3HannM 
o natuew HeflaBHeM npoLunow Beflb nutub Kor^a saro- 
BopwiM o paccrpene nojibCKMx o0nuepOB b KaTWHd. a 
h caM 6bin anaKOM co CBMAeTeneM stux TpanmecKMX 
co6biTM«. CTpaujHOM ronoAe na yKpatiHe Mne pac- 
CKaabiBann iwopyi, nepewnBiij«e ero. 

CoBceM He o6flsaTejibHo 6bino 3HaKOMHTbcn c 
nsKTOM MonOTOBa - Pn56eHTpona. HTo6bi noeepnTb b 
ero peanbHocTb, B 30He cuAenw Te, kto HaGnioflan 
coBMecTHbiecoBeTCKo-0aujncTCKne napaflbi. A CKonb- 
ko Mor noBeflaTb ynacTHHK KpOHiuTSATCKoro MRTexta. 
OTCMAeeujMM B narepnx copOK JieT! PaaBe MHorwe 
3nann wdopnio conpoTUBnenufi nocne eoiiHbt b npn* 
6anTMKe na y«panHe? Kto HMe/i KaKoe-nn6o npeA- 
craBneHne o «BnacoBU3x»? 

Bee 3to a we Aepwan b cexpeie. YsepeH. 4to mom 
psccKaaw 33ct3bhhm aaA/MaTbCfl MHorwx \A BTopoe 
PI 6bin WHBbfM npHMepoM Toro. mto mowho. otcmacb 3a 
CBOM y5e)«AeH11H, BblMTM Ha CBOOOAy hm KannM He 
naivieHHBUincb, He cojKanep hh o neM 

B nyQnmauuu ucnonb3oeanbt Mamepuanbi unmep- 

8b«? Odeapda XaManaGHeHa c Cepeeeui XanmeHKO- 

abiM («Ha6am Ceeepo-3anada». flemposa- 

eodcK. 1991). Cepaez HexaMWHa {«t^3eecmua», 

Mocxea, 2004) u &omo2pa0uu npoeKma «Muhck 

cmapbiO u HoebiQ» BnaduMupa BonomuHCHozo 

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140 



4 KPACHOE KDJIECO 




«CJlblUJy 'TOJIOC" M3 nPEKPACHoro aajieka» 



Mne 6bi/io flecRTb nei, rocrun a b MELneHbKoii 
aepeBHe b Pn3aHCKOM myxoMaHH. fl^AbKa BortOAfl 
npo KOTOporo HaMetcariM - «H6TaKflaBHO BepHynca hs- 
3a DojiHpHoro Kpyra», - Macoa b ceMb Benepa Topwe- 
CTBeHHO chaji xpyweBHyio cancpency co crapeHbtcoro. 
Kor^a-TO no/iHpoeaHHoro paanonpneMHUKa Sea 3aa- 

H6M CTeHKM M BWHJIKMHH CB6T 

9\ xoTen 6wno stcnyraTbcn. - wano nw KaKwe Tavt 
y mux 3aMopoMKH 3a nonflpnwM KpyroM b rewHore Ha 
npneMHHKax npoMcxoanT, ho flaflbio. Bflpyr oaapeH- 
Hbifi saraflOHHbiM CBeTow pafliioiiaMn, npeoSpaawncs. 

- TaK-TaK-TaK, MewAy CroKro/ibMOM w PetcbflBw- 
kom KOHTypoMeK KpyraHeM, BaujuHrroHMHK cnac 
B03bMeu, - aaraflo^HO saKonAoaan oh, txnoHWBiijiicb 
k Tyciaio ocBemeHHOii uitcane npneMHUio B pynaMiA- 
Kax 33BbiBano noTpecKMBa/ro. floneTanw KaKwe-To 
«aycp B^Aep 3ev\n» v\ wnuienpaiuaM naHbCTBO». 



AHdpeu BrtuHywOB - e/raenwu pedattmop >*ypnana *Kap- 
max v/iew npaenenua Mexdywapodwao oGuiecmea nMe- 
HOpMKU 



- CaA^Cb noSnuxe. pbmtMM, Hayny Te6n «fonoc 
AwepnKH» noBMTb, - nosapHO npeAJioww/i 3ano/inp- 
huA A^AbKa - fla He Bep-rw Tbi TaK nacroflKy. k 
«ronocaiw» no MunnnwieTpy HaAO noAxOAWTb... 

BOT T3K * BOtunO B MOW WH3Hb PAflMO. 3a 

TpwAyaxb neT a paCKyponun wtyK cto npvieMHMKOB 
Bcex MapoK n HasHaHeHMti, co6pa/i c AecflTOK paAi*o- 
craHUMM. 6bin «paAMOxy.nnraHOM» c nosbtBHUM «Ynb- 
BHa-AHHa-Tpn», 3aAena/icfl KopoTKOBortHOBWKOM c 
nnueH3ne^ pa6oTbi a acpwpe. seman c octpobob h 
ropHbix eepiunH. H peAKww A^Hb co whom He 6bino 
«Bpa>KbMX ronocos» HeiueMKast BonHa, Tojioc Aha, 
fonoc AMepuKH, Em-6h-ch. Tenb-ABus, BaTwcaH h 
Aawe TupaHa c lleKWHOM TpyAHee scero 6bino c 
PaAno CBoSoAa - Aaswin ee snac™ ot Aymn 

H neu CBHpenew «Cocpb« BnacbeBHa» rnyiiin.na 
«ronoca». Tew 6o/iee coBepuieHHyio npweMHyro anna- 
paiypy mi>i AocTaBa/iw w nepeAentiBariH: «<t>ecTn- 
sanb». «CnnflOJia». «Ka3axcTaH», P-250, «KannHa», 
«KpoT» m npoMasi-npoMaB-npoMan flnnonn «Boctok- 
3anaA». MeTBepTbBO/iHOBweujTbipH MarHMiHwe paiw- 






■KAPTA' NK3-U aOGS 



4 rjiyiuEHHE 



141 



KM - HaiDMMH aHTeHHaMM BblJlH SyKBanbHO OnyTaHW 

MHorocTpafla/ibHwe kpnujh h MepAa«n 

Korfla xsaxKa pe»cnMa ocnaQna. «no ce«peTy» 
CTaji BHeoiTaTHMMaTb Ha «CBo6ofle» OTHeTrwBO no- 
mhhd nbHHflinee npea^yBCTBue so/ibHocTn. Korfla ne- 
pecTa/iw rnyujuTb Em-6k-ch n «ronoc AiwepuKH*. 

Ho paHO, paHO nojiwTonorvi xopoHW/iw «ronoca», 
-Tenepima, moh. no/iHan rjiacHocTb na PycH. He^ero 
Hac W3-3a Oyrpa noynaTb. Kan we... 

Uapb-petpopMaTop cnwncq, rpHHyna Boflwa Ha 
Kae«33e nosbinonsnw H3 0nepaTWBHbix tuenefi Taxwe 
npaenTenti, mo TeneKananbi no3aKpbiBann v\ npeo6- 
pa3wnn flo Hey3HaeaeMocTn. nn6epajibHbix MeAHa- 
MamaToa noawnepnn H3 ctpanw. MeuenaTOB macHO- 



ctm npuHOiiMCb cawarb. >KypManncTbi onsxb samHynn 
aiapMaHKy npo oo/ibwoe n we/ie3Hoe. noceoieHwe 
rrrHMetpepM ifl pacnopnAOK aha «ABopa» Ha 6btBwwx 
cxannHCKnx Aanax 

3x, B3rpoM03flnji ce6e Ha Kpbiiuy cnyTHUKOByw 
«TapenKy». noscorwoBan c HacrpowKaMn Ha carrenHT 
«>Kap-nTvma», - h bot ohm. poAHeHbKtie Bbi moh. - 
«CBo6ofla». 6m-6h-ch - 6es noMex w «rjiytunnoK». a 

OTMeHHOM «MH(JlpOBOM» 0OpM3Te. 

riOAnOJlKOSHMKM, M0W6T, w CTapwe KpeMnb3aHfl- 
HV\, TOIlbKO BpeMeH3-TO BCe-TaKH CMeHW/lUCb-TeXHO- 

norvin apyrwe n«AHM CTanti AOCTynHbi KaK roBOpHTcs, 
Mbi MwpHbie nioAi / ho Hauja «Cnnflona» I ctoht Ha 
sanacHOM nym.. 




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4 KPACHOE KDJIECO 



cni/i 




Bmktop KYJIEPCKI/Il/I 

CmaiueKy u Mupeny 
e 25-io eodoeuiuHy co3damjR «Conudapnocmu» 



«Cnnflona» - Ta* HaawBancs 3aMeHaTeribHbii*. 
noribSOBaBLiJMricfl oonbiuuM cnpocOM nopTaTUBHbi* 
paAHonpweMHMK, KOTopbiti b CCCP nponasofln^M Ha 
3KcnopT ' down oh oTHocmenbHo neaoporo. w neKO- 
ropoe speMa ero mokho 6bino nynnTb b rocyaap- 
CTBeMHbix Maraatwax - pa3yMeeTc«. no 3H3KOMCTBy 
hjim 3annaTMB cooTBeTCTByromee BOSHarpaxyjeHMe 
npoAasuy 

PnaSHblM flOCTOHHCTBOM «CnHfl0^bl» Bbl/10 TO. 

hto ona oSecnenHBana 6onee uinw ueHee niicTbiw 
npweM nocTORHHO mywHBiuwxcfl nepeAan Bh-Em-Cm. 
«ronoca AiwepuKHM w «Cbo6oahoh EBporibi» 

no TeM BpeMeHaM. aa eme ynHTbiBasi ee npenMy- 
mecTaa. «CnnAO/ia» 6bina He Tan yx senwKa - OHa 
yMemanacb a He6onbwoM nopTcpene win b Hannen- 
HOti cyMKe. Snaroaapfi newy Mbi Mornn 6paTb ee c 
co6otf b omycK 

B tot roa Haujew 6a3oii dfetjio ManeHbxoe. Bcero 
b nsTb flOMOS. ceneHne na nonnHe. 3aiepnBUjeecfl 
cpean enoBO-nnxTOBbix necoB b oahom m yupOMHwx, 
npOTonenHbix peicoif a°™h TaTpaHCKoro HanwoHanb- 
Horo napKa OT6nnx<3i*Ljjero Maraanna Kyaa as a pa33 
b Heaenio aaBoswin xne6. raseTHoro KiiocKa win xoth 
6bi aiocce ero OTfle/isn no MeHbtueiii Mepe Mac nym no 

OflHOVt H3 yTOMMTenbHblX rOpHWX TpOH HMeHHO TaM 

Hac{To ecTb Menu, weHy w npncoeAnHUBwerocn k hsm 
b nopsflKe mcKniweHWH Aabmb Mmxhwio) 3acTano to 
nawiHTHoe neTO 1980 roaa 

AaaMa Mw yroeopnnw cnpsraTbCfl tsm ot npe- 
cneflosaHMH rocSeaonacHocTn n aaoano HeMHoro ot- 
flOxnyTb O MecTe ero npe5biBaHHfl ne 3Han hhkto, 
Kpowe Hac n pa3yMeeTca rypaneti y KOTopwx mu 
jkwim, riosflHee mn y3Hann. hto ero ncKa/in He TonbKO 
reaSncTbi. ho m o6ecnoKoeHHbie apy3bfl. npn^eiw o6e 
CTopOHW noaospeaann apyr APyra CooStueHne o 
aaraaoMHOM wCHe3HOBehnn Mhxhukb nepeAasann 
Aawe b 3anaAHbix hobocthx 

KoneHHO, Mmxhuk He Mor co6jikdcth 3aKOH o npo- 
nncKe. oco6eHHo cxporan b npnrpaMMHHOw nonoce, n 
BcxaTb na y^eT b cTapocrcBe, k KQTopoMy Qbtno npw- 



J1A 



nncano cenenne Mw oStacHuinn naaiuM xoaneaaM, 

HTO TOraa K HUM SBflTCfl H6 TOnbKO OXpaHHHKM W3 

HaqHOHa/ibHoro napKa w norpaHHHHHKM. ho n - mokbt 
6biTb, b nepsyio onepeAb - TB n Mnnnqna A SyAeT 
KOHTponb - Hy n nycTbt HenponncaHHbiw ecerAa Mor 
5biTb cnynanHbiM rocTeM - Tonbtco hto npnexan n yxe 
ye3«aeT 

CoceAeii onacaTbcn He npwxoAWiocb. b npwrpa- 
HMHHbfx ceneHMflx c^a5oe 3peHne n cnyx Bbinn qeH- 

HbiMM a MO>KeT, H He06xOA"MblMM Rnn Bb««HBaHMR 

Ao6poAeTenflMM. Bhahmo. Bcex TaMOoiHMx wnTenew 
coeAnHHJia HeBHAHMan ceTb CBnaew h norpaHimHbix 
CAenoK, b tcoTopytOAOnoriHnTenbHo BnneTanncb cnow- 
Hbie 0TH0iueHHR c HaLtnoHanbHbiM napKOM. MecTHbie 
npHBWKJin aepwaib H3biK aa 3y6aMn 

Muxhuk wor cnOKOMHO )KMTb HHKOrH«TO b cene- 
hmh. rae ero Ha3bieann npocro Aabm. nepeyTOMneH- 
Hwft vi He npHBbiKLunw x ropHOMy B03Ayxy w nporynfOM, 
oh paHO 33Cbinan b cBoen KOMHaTxe Ha nepaaKe. TeM 
caMbiM KOMneHCMpyn xpoHViMecKMiS neAOCbin Me>KAy 
TeM wMeHHO no3AHMMn Be^epaMn Sunn nymue Bcero 
cnbitUHbi sanaAHbie paanocraMLtnn B ropax Hama 
«CnnAOJia» paooTana eme Ka^ecTBeHHee, net* b hh- 
3HHHoii Ma30Bnn 

B nonynoAsanbHOM KyxHe cronmero na cioiOHe 
ropbi AOMa mw BMede c xo3flesaMn c/iyiuann nocne- 
AHvie M3BecTnn BonbLue Bcero HosocTew o tom, hto 
aenanocb b no^biue nepeaaBana «Cso60AHas Eepo- 
na». A hoboctm 3th Swnx TaKOBbi. hto mw omymnn 
HeoCxoAHMOCTb bo BHyTpeHHevi ueH3ype h Ha^ownnn 
MopaTopnti na nepeAany MvtxHHKy ceeAeHMM o Bonne 
3a6acTosoK, KOTopan oxBaTuna bckj crpaHy nocne 

TOrO. K3K 1 HIO/1R OblDO OObflBneHO nOBWliieHHH uen 

na mhco v\ MRConpoAyxTbt. BacxoBann ywe He ronbtco 
OTaenbHbie npeAnpki«Tn«. ho m qenbie npoMbiiuneH- 
Hwe neHTpw n aa>«e ropoaa < > 

Bbt/io hcho, mto. yanaB o nponcxoa^iaeM, Mmxhuk 
HeMeAneHHO BepHeTcn b BapiuaBy, rae ero chob3 
HacTumeT re6yxa < .. . > 

TeM BpeMeHeM na nonnne >KM3Hb TaK m uina 6bt 
cbohm nepeAOM. ecnn 6 He KaKOM-TO npoAaBeq, saeep- 
HyBujuM aae 5yTbtnn KepocMHa s cBewne rase™ By- 
TbtriM mn npyinecriM b p»OK3aKe naiuuM xoaneBaM - 



Buxmop KynepCKuQ - ucmopux ucxyccms 
Bbrn euue-npedcedamQmM «Conudapnoc- 
mu» Ms3oeuu. eune- MUMucmpou o6pa30- 
GaHua a npaeumem>mee Waaoeeiyfoso 



' PuxckuQ 3aeod 03© wupoxo npouseodun «Cnudoriy» u 
na enympeHnti6 pbinox. no c ozpaHuveHHbiM duana3onoM 
KopomKtix bouh (om 49 m), Coeerrtcxua paduocnyuiamenu 
cnpaarmmjct, camuw omdaaan npueuHttxu vacinHuKaM 
ramoptue do6aennnu duanasoHbi 31. 25 u 19 m - Ped 



•ICAPTA" »*4J-«4 I«)i 



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KepOCHHOBbJe fiaMrtW 6blJlM eAMHCTBeHHbtM BMflOM 

ocsemeHHfl. npMMeHfiBtunMcq a ceneHMM. K HecMac- 
Tbto, ra36Tbi 3tm nonann a pyxvi MMXHMKa. Ha cneflyw- 
ojmm fleHb oh awexan e BapiuaBy, r^e. pasyiweeTCR 
own HeMeftneHHO apecTosaH < ...> 

< . > KapnaBan kohmbticb weHbiue mbm Mepea 
nonropa roaa. 13 aexaSpH 1981 r BoenHoe nonowe- 
Hue aamano «ConnflapHocTb» b noflnortbe BHOBb 
zwana cbok wieiuHM qeHaypa C hobnmm cMrtaMH 
3apa6oTa/iM «rjiyujMnKM». «Crwflo/ibi» onjm» BepHy- 
jiwcb Ha noneTHoe MeCTo 

BnpoHeM. ohm He npwroflmiMCb tom. kto 6wji 
Bbiny^eH He ronbKo pa60T3Tb, ho m wMTb b noano- 
Jibe. fl/ia KoneBOM wmskk ohm 6binn cjimwkom rpoMOS- 
,qKWMM m THwenfcJMM 14m Ha CMeny nprnunw HOBwe 

MMHUaTKipHbie TpaH3MCTOpHbie npHeMHMKM, KOHTpa- 

SaHflOM npoBoanBLiJMecfl b nojibwy c 3anaaa. 

OAHara «Cnnflonbi» OKaaariHCb He3aMeHMMbJ A^s 

Tex, KTO B6J1 IOK 6bl flBOMHyK) )KH3Hb. COXpaHHfl 06bN- 

Hbtw pmtm emeflHesHbix saHHTww h b to me BpeMfl 
pa60Taa A/ifl noflnonbfl. Co BpeMeneM 3th n3HOLuen. 
Hbie flo npeflena. aa k TOMy *e eme m ycTapeBiune 
npweMHMKn oTKa3WBann 

Toraa mx npMBOflMJi b nopflflOK HeoyeHMMbiM Cra- 
LLieK PycMHex, nnen npaeneHMH HCIIC «Co/iMaap- 



HOCTbw MaSOBMM CnaCTriMBO W36e>KaB MHTepHMpOBa- 

hmb, oh 3aHHMar)Cfl peMOHTOM Tene- m paaHOTexHuxw. 
OanaKo ero rnaBHaa 3acnyra 3aKni04anacb a tom, hto 
OH 6blJl HeaaMSHMMblM CB513HbJM Meacay noanonbHOM 

«Con«aapHocTbK)» m enMCKOnaTOM 

HMeHHO SnaroaapB BMeiiiarenbCTBy enwCKona- 
Ta, Mwpexa Oaoposcicoro, KaaHaMen Maaoaenxoro pe- 
rwoHa m paSonero ywe HecywecTByiomero anexTpo- 
naMnoBoro 3aBoaa mm. Po3u /liOKceM6ypr yaa/ioct 

BblTamMTb W3 TlOpbMW B Efl/lOJieHKe M Ha «CKOpOi* 

noMomM» npHae3TM npsMo na onepauMOHHbift ctoti 
BnocneflCTBMw o6a ohm o«py>xanM 3a60T0ii ceMbM 

MHTepHMpOBaHHblX MJ1M CKpwBaBLUMXCfl M paSOTaBLUMX 

b noflno/ibe TOBapMiqeM 

C Tex caMbix, nocTeneHHo crapaiomMxcfl e naMfl- 
tm, BpeMeH k CTaiueKy npMKneMnocb npo3BMiue «CnM- 
aona». 

CeroflHS «CnMflOJia» nonynaeT nencMK) no MHBa- 
xiMflHocTM m noflpa6aTb)BaeT b xa^ecTBe KOHCbepwa. a 
Mwpex nononnMn pH^bt 6e3pa5oTHbix ABTopy stmx 
CTpox noBesno: BMecTo Toro 4To6bi cnyiuaTb «Cbo- 
6oflHyio EBpony*. oh nmueT craTbM ana «Hobom 

D0/1bLUM»... 



ny6nuKyemcR e coKpaiueHuu. 




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HacTOTbi BeuiaHMn 



n51BnBHBHBnBHBHSHSHBBSHBnffiEBBBBBJBSEKE3SBS133SS3 




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KAK Mbl CJIYUJA/IM «BPA>KECKME» fOJlOCA 



. . y M6HH BOH npneMHUK OapaXJIHTb Hana/l LLiyMbl 

KaKne-TO Ha KopoTKOBO^HOBOM AHanasone. OTCTpO- 
MTbcsi HMK3K He Mory CyMeewb, cnecapb 7 - Ha kopot- 
kobojihobom? 3to HaM ceMeMKn! - no6eflH0 xoxOTHyn 
napeHb h TyT we crtHHfln m saHHoti. Syflio h He 6bmo 
ero. B oflHoti cpaHTacTWMecKOki KHHxoce - crapHK no- 
MHun - noflo6Hbiii scJxfceKT HaabiBancs nynb-TpaHc- 
nopTwpoBKow fla w ksk twa^e o6o3BaTb ceA cpaKT, 
ecnn crapHK -roribKO Ha A^epb rnnHyn, a W3 KOMHaTbi 
ywe flOHOCHficn epHMMeawit?i roeopOK napns? - A ™ 
OTeu. wox. wox KOpoTKne Bonntbi eMy noflaBaS ... He- 
6ocb BpawecKwe ronoca noBuwb. a. crapy* ? A tw 

«MaflHOK». «MaHMOK». OH Ha A™HHblX cpypwMHT, n 

npeACTaeb - 6e3 HMKaKOti otctpomkh . - flypaK tw! - 
rieroMbKo pyrnyncR crapwK - BanaSonKa fleujeBan . . - 
onHTb Tponyncfl AoroHHTb napHH. Aawe o Mae 3a6bin - 
ran eMy rocxb ronoBy aaMopoMtin. Wen no creHOHKe - 
no yrpaM ho™ nnoxo crtytuanncb, cnaBocTb b hhx 
KaKan-To >Knna. SyflTo He KpoBb reKjia no wwnaM, a 
Bosflyx - Bpaweooie ronoca b cnyuiato. KaK we ... ft 

npOTHB HHX. raAOB, MeTblpe rofla, OTSBOHKa AO 3BOHKa. 

era KvinowieTpoB flo BepriHHa He flomen ... EyAy s hx 
cnyujaib, mac. pa36ewancn. flenaTb MHe Sonbuie 
Henero... 

Cepeeii A6paMoe. trCmeHa* 

B yronoBHbix Aenax Toro BpeMeHM cnywaHMe 
HHOCTpaHHbix paflnonepeAan abicrynaeT KaK flonon- 
HUTenbHoe AOKaaaTenbCTBo npecrynHoit cyujHOCTw 
noflcyanMbix. a unor/aa n KaK MAetiHbitf mctomhwk mx 
«npeCTynHo^» (no coBeiCKUM noHflTMAM) flefrreribHO- 
ctm: 

«06BMH«eMt>iPi no Hewy 33-neTHnw sneinpoMexa- 
hhk us r TopM (rpyana) CypKOB b anpene 1953 r. Qbtn 
npurOBCipeH k 1 roflaM nniueHHH cBo6oflbi. Ha cyae6- 
hom npoqecce [cewfleTenb] KassKoaa T C noKaaana: 

«[ . ] 6 MapTa 1953 r. [...] CypKoe CKasan. mto oh 
cnbiiuan «fonoc AMepMKn» w mto nepeflaBariH. mto 
Bowflb HaxoflHTca Ha Kpaiorn6enw m ero MecTO 3aiiMyT 
pyKOBOflHTenH napiviM. n BWCKa3ancft HeqeH3ypHO npo 
oflHoro M3 pyKOBOflMTenevt naprvw. Hotom b uexy 
CKasan MHe. mto «Tenepb HaMHeTCB 6opb6a 3a npe- 
CTOn». ft eMy CKa3ana, mto6 oh npeKpaT^n 5bi Tara^ 
paaroBOp. m oh noBepHynca m yiuenx [...] 

«.. riaHcpnnoB 0.H., J«ene3HOflOpOX<Hbl^ KOHTpO- 

nep, 5 MapTa 1953 r. na KypCKOM BOKsane b MocKBe 
CKasan cocnywuBuy no noBo^y CMep™ CTanwHa. hto 
«cb3to wecTO nycro ne 6biBaex» n mto, BeponTHo, Ha 
3to MecTO ywe ecna KanflMflaTbi m MoweT 6btTb, He 
xyweCTanwHa B 1948-1953 rr Bpa3rOBopaxKpnTMKO- 
san coBeTCKMX pyKOBOflMTenew. Konxo3bi rosopn/i 
mto sa rpaHMLieti KHByr nyMiue k Ta« Aanee - oh 
nepeCKa3b)B3Ji nepeaaMn « Tonoca A MeptiKn» 

« . . CoKonoBa B. M. . yMWTeribHMua H3 ropbKoscKOki 
oSnacTH. 6 MapTa 1953 r b yMMTenbCKOtt KOMHaTe 
nepecKa3ana coAepwaHwe nepeflaMM «ror)oca AMe- 
psiKM» o CMep™ CTa/iMHa w cnyx 06 OTpaBJienmi 
CTa/iHHa BpanoM: KpoMe Toro, b MapTe 1952 r. Ha 



ypOKe nCTopnn «MCKa«ana coBeTCKyra fleftcTBMTenb- 
HocTb»: CKasana. mto b 1928 r. npw CTponTenbCTse 
oywawHoro KOMSunaTa BbinncbiBanncb MaujuHw n cne- 
L4«anvicTbt na AMepwKM. 

M3 apxuea «Padno Ceo6oda» 

ft cnyiuan Ha aaMe 3to BaneHTunoBKa nofl Moc- 
KBOti H MO>KHO 6biJio OTCTponTbCfl ot «myiunnoK», 
noeopaMHBafi paAnonpneMHHK HeoBxoflHMWM o6pa- 
30M n BbiBeLUMBan HapyXHyto aHTeHHy. 

riepecKaKHBaa c Bonnbt na aonHy. mojkho 6bino 
Ha«Tn aonHy, tab «myujnnKni* oT(rraaa/in otochobho- 
ro cumana m aoct3tomho bhatho cnymaTb TaM we 
MacoBOii, no-M06My. LjHKn 6bin noBTopeHWfl 

Ecnw mto-to OMeHb Bawnoe ne yaaBa/iocb npo- 
cnyiuaTb b TeneHwe nepBoro Maca, mowho 6bino hoa- 
CTpOHTbCB BO BTOPOK Mac m AOcnyujaTb TO. MTO Te6e 
6bino Heo6xoAHMo B 53 roAy (3to 6btn. KOHenHO, 
BepnuH) bcr HHCpopMaunH, KOTopaa Sbina HeAOCTyn- 
Ha. - OHa uina Mepea paAMocTaHMMHD 0cBo6o>KAeHne. . 

/Jkos Bepaep 

HacTOHotuM, orpOMHWM coBbiTneM crano nonB- 
iwmim b 3(pnpe s MapTe 1953 rofla pyccKonawMHoii 
paAHOCTaHyviM «OcBo6owAeHne», KOTopan ootom ctb- 
na sceM xopoujo naBecTHbiM Tenepb PaAno Ceo6o- 
Aa.. y weHH m cewnac e yiuaxc^ULiiHTcn TOTAa/ieKnti 
ronoc «roeopwT paAwocTaMmiH «OcBo6o)tv(eHMe» 
CnyiuawTe Hac Ha kopotkhx BonHax a Anana30He 31 

MSTpa., 

BnaduMup Cudopoe. paduouH&enep 

...Bcto wn3Hb oh ciiytuan paAwoTOMKy a BMAe 
MepHoii TapenKH; b aayxax W3 MepHOii rapenKM 6bino 
nocTonncTBO. KaK b cseTe aneirrpHMecKOM naMnoMKM 
CetiMacoH KpyTun pyMKy «CnnAOfiw», anepBwe no3Ha- 
Ban HeynoBMMOCTb Bonn, h npnawKan npeoAoneBaTb 
noMexw BeMep 3a BeMepoM rnnAen oh b seneHwrt 
rna30K, MepLiatomMti to ApaTOHbeii yrpo30^. to cbb- 
tom MaH«a. k KOTopoMy oh npoABurancfl Mepea iunne- 
Htie, cbhct, nuCK m xpun Bonn, ya-yn. niun-BLiiH. n bot. 



















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«Ka3axcman>* T963 z 



HSKOHeu. Ha 3twx BO/inax 3annncanM ronoca. 3tk 
ronoca npeAynpexfla/iH o CBoeM npn6nnxeHnz paa- 
hwmh no3bifiHbiMM MenoflHfiMn vt. nporjuBLUHCb vepe3 
«iuyMeji«n» h «rrtyujwjiKvift, o5"bHBnnnw o ce6e. KaK wa 
npasflHvwHOM KOHtiepTe «ToBopnT ronoc TaKOH-To», 
n roBOpwJiw, roaopwrui roBOpunti Kor^a 6wno nnoxo 
cribiLUHO, Haparap npnxcvtMajics k hum yxOM v\ yiuaiw 
cbohm He Bepwi. «Bot Te Ha r » - roBOpnn caM ce6e 
HapaTop, BbiTHpas hot co n6a, h Bbinwsan pKJMKy 

BOflKM. HTOObl nOAASpMOTb pa3yM. CUflfl HOpKHM BOC- 

KpecHWM flHeM y ce6n I BecKyAHHKOBe. nona^a/iy 
Haparop AyMan, 4tq Bee 3tw cHorcujH6aTenbHbie 
cpanTbi o coBeTCKOw crrpaHe - uiyrKii paAwocTanuHH 
«MaHK». ra«afl caTnpnMec«afl nporpaMMa no caMO- 
KpMTvwe Ann lOMopa a myTKy. Koropyio oh ynycxan boo 
?KM3Hb b peayrtbTare ycepAnoro npocn»MBaHM« s mh- 
HMCTepcTBe HaA 3aKneuBaHweM h nOA^MCTKOK optpor- 
pacpunecKnx olumSok na^a/ibCTBa HHorAa, cnyiuaa 
«ronoca». ero pa36npan cwex, noioMy mto b «ripaB- 
Ae» Ha cTenae y 6ynoMHOM 6bmo HanMcano oaho, a 
«Cnnflona» roBOpuna coBceu o6paTHoe. 

Ho neM 6o/ibme oh en y wan. tcm MeHbiue CMenn- 
cji. noTOMy mto nawe ecnw ace sto HenpasAa, Bee 
pasHO aonocbi awSom BCTaBann npn oahoh Mbicjiw. 
4to xoTb Aonn npaBAw b stom ecrb. Ecrm paHbuie 
Hapatop, npwflfl co cnysKSbt aomom, cteAa/i naMKy 
ne^bMeHeii, no»cwicH Ha KpoBaTb c opifcorpacpwMec- 
khm cnoBapern nonucTaTb urn tohhh KapaHAawn h 
aacbtnan noA nepeAa^y afljis Tex, kto we chht» M3 




1. 0ecmueanh» 1 958 e 



nepHOki xapenKM, to Tenepb oh c BOcnaneHHbiMw rna- 
3auM KpyTun pyMKy «Cnnaonbi» m artHBancR aarrmAOM 
BCTpeno^Ky, nomymyto no HaasaHnnM ropoAOB: JIoh- 
AOH, Hbio-MopK, MlOHXeH, 

11 ecnn paHboie stm HasaaHiia 6bmn He 6onee 
^ewt Kpy>K04KaMM c 6yKBaMn co LUKonbHOro ypoxa reo- 
rpa$ww, to Tenepb ohm o6penn ronoc, 3arOBOpwiM, n 
OAHoro 3T0ro 6bino AOCTaTOHHO. hto6n CMyTMTb HeAa- 
neKMtf yM, npMBbiKLUHM k TOMy. mto Bee 3th ropoAa - 
mwb HannieHOBaHMs) Mornn vnpOBoro KannTann3Ma 
rAe BypAartaKM c moujhom KonotuaTCB b aonoTe, o6ar- 
peHHOM KpoebK) npojieTapHaTa. n peBeHoneK tahct 
xwnyio pynxy «nana. He nefi!». a Mono4Ka-TO HeT. a 
rAe KopoBKa Haiua. a yBenid, mom CBeT. b to BpeMB kbk 
mu 3A€Cb yxe AasHO Hcnpaennn op0orpacpiflHecKne 
olum6kh npoiunoro. 

Kopone, paHbue 6bma oAna na CBeTe «npasAa», 
a Tenepb ona pa3ABOnnacb. 1/1 ronoca vt3 «Cn«Aoribi» 
6un\A He noxo«M Ha Te, k KOPOpfam oh npwBbiK aa cbo^i 
copoK neT' ohh 6binn APy™MM ronocaMM. c HenaujMM 
BbiroBOpOM, BexuiuBbie m He HasovinuBbie m mto co- 
BceM neBepo^THO, oujuSajivicb b to BpeMfl KaK ronocy 
H3 penpoAyKTopa oiun6aTbCfl ne nonaranocb. sth we 
otunoanncb n HkmyTb He CMyrwBiuncb roBopnnn «W3- 
BMH«Te», KaK 6yAT0 sto He paAMO, eemaromee npaBAy 
n roribKO « npaBAy » na aecb wnp, a peoropaH c bum- 
nenoM «3a OTriMHHoe o6cny«HBaHne. 

3uHoeuu 3uhuk. «PyccnaR cnym6a» 

Eme ynacb 8 mKOne noponnbiM Mniua sanoeM 
cnyuian spawectcne ronoca. b tom nucne n KyribTOByio 
A>Ka30Byto nepeAa^y yw/innca KaHOBepa 

H3 6uoapa0uu neena Muxauna 
UJy<pymuHCKoao 

KorAa-To 3AyapA ycneHCKMw comhhmh 3aMeMa- 
TenbHbie (h, KaweTcn. no chkj nopy He »3AaHHbie) 
«nncbMa pe6eHKy» - aApecoBaHHwe ppnepu Bocno- 

MUHaHHfl O COfiCTBeHHbtX LUKOJlbKblX TOASX 14 Cpepyi 

npo^ero noApo6HO paccK33an o tom. KaK ero wiacc 
HKoSbi 6wri BbiHy>yieH 3KcnepnMeHTartbHo AOKaaw- 
sarb aepHOCTb yveHUs TorAa 3HaMeHMToro aKaABMWKa 
JlbtceHKO V\ oqnH oxnaMCH b cba3m c 3tmm npniamnn 
Ha 3aneT Hettoe 6nexnoe pacreHMe. «Oho QneAHO, 
noTOMy KaK crofino praom c npweMHMKOM. no KOTopo- 
My BpawecKwe ronoca eemator. ». «Hto noTOM 6bt-no- 
o-o! - nmueT ycneHCKufi - BnetcnbiM pacTeHweM Bee 
cTpautHo 3anHTepecoBanncb: a rAe stot npnewHUK 
pacno/iojweH 7 l/l kto eme. KpoMe uBeTKa. ero cnyuia- 
eT? . Xopoiuo eiye, BbinCHMnocb hto b AOMe y oxna- 
mohb soo5me He 6bino npneMHUKa, a 6bina numb 
paAnOTOMKa, ot nepeAas kotopom. Hao6opoT, Bee Aon- 
who. KaK naeecTHO. MBecTH vi naxHyTb 

flaeen rymuoHoe. tthoeast zaaemav 

KaK yKaawBanocb a AOKnaAHfaix aanwcKax TACC b 
UK KnCC «Cnyj«e6HbiM BeciHHK WHOCTpaHHOM hh- 

(pOpMaLtMH» BK/lK34aeT «OC06y(0 33Kpb)TytO MHtpopMa- 

limkj». no3TOMy stot SionneTeHb BbixoAwn b cepnw 
03n - TaK HasbiBaewoe «oco6oe 3aKpbiToe nncbMo» 
noAfOTOBKOii n BbinycKOM «Cnyj«ce5Horo secTHMKa» 






•KAPTA 1 Ht43-*4 2005 




«B90» 1954 s 



3aHMMancfl 4-v\ ceKpeTHbiii oTAen TACC Oco5eHHbi- 

MM H3 ny6nHKOBaBLUMXCfl B «BeCTHMKe» BMflOB HHCpOp- 

MauHH 6wnn paflnonepexBaTw B CoseTCKOM Coic>3e 
npocnyiiJMBanocb 6onbiuoe KO/iMHecTBO 3apy6e>KHbix 
paflvtocTaHUMti 

Hanpnwiep KaK otMenan b flOKTiaflHofi 3anwcKe 
pyKOBOflHTenb TACC H«Konati rpuropteBWM norynn- 
hob /laspeHTwro Bepnn. b 1953 rofly npMHUManocb 
307 MHoCTpaHHbix paAHonepeAaH Ha 19 «3biKax B 
rmTMflecflTwe roAbi b «BecTHMKB» noMeiua/iMCb pa- 
flMonepexBaTbi nepeflas «To/ioca AMepM(cn», «Paflno 
OcBo5o>KfleHMe». paawo floHAOna. riapn>Ka. BOHHa, 
raMSypra v\ MHorwx Apyrvix nepefla^n jiOBMnHCb H3 
MHorux S3b)Kax: aHmnuiCKOM, (JjpaHuyscKOM, pyccKOM. 
HeMeqKOM. 6onrapCKOM, BeHrepcKOM vi Tan Aa/iee 

PaflMonepeflaMM 33nncbiB3/incb m nepeBOAH/iHCb 
na pyccKMtS flsbm. a B «BecTHw<e» aenanact, noMeTa 
«npoTOKOnbHan 3anncb» Cneicrp tbm paAvtonepexBa- 
Ta 6wn o^enb mnpOK 3to o&iopHbie nepeAanvi no 
HCKyccTBy, nepefla^n. nocBaujeHHbie OTAertbHbiM co- 
6b(TOfiM BHyTpw cTpanbt, b hux oocyjiyiajiMCb BHyTpM- 
nonnTW4ecKan m 3KOHOMHHecKaa oScTaHOBKa b CCCP. 
HacTpoeHMA coBeTCKOro HacenenMn, a TaK*e KOMweH- 
TupoBajincb CMemeHMn vi nepeMeujeHHH b coBeTCKOM 
rocyfiapcTBeHHOM annapaxe. crbesAw h nnenyMbi KflCC 
w Tan Aanee 

MHorae TeMbt KOHesanw M3 «BecmwKa» b «BecT- 
hmk», nepeneeanucfe Ha pa3Hbie naflbi mho™mu pa- 
AnocTaHMnqMn. vt neM ocrpee 6bin WHtepec pyraBOA- 
craa CTpaHw k onpeaeneHHoii Teiwe. TeM o&beMHee 
Qbijin MaTepwa/ibi «oco6bix 3aKpbrrwx nnceM» Ha- 
npMMep. MHoro «BecTHWKOB» c paAnonepexeaTaMw o 
CMemeHMM Bepnw c hoctb MMHucrpa BHyTpeHHwxfle/i, 
o5 n3AaHnn poM3H3 nacrepnaK3 «floKTop >KnBaro», 
npucBoeHMM eiwy Ho6eneBCKO# npewiMw, 06 OTcraBKe 
wapiuana >KyxoB3 

fOnufi Opnoea, ucmopuK-apxueucm 



«Muhck» 1961 e 



B mocm cnynae 6bino noneme c nonyMenMeM 
MHCpopMSLiMM - q cnywa/i Bw-Bvt-Cw m «fonoc AMepH- 

KW» Ha aHfJlMfiCKOM, aHmUMCKHM 30MP y Hac TorAa we 
rnyLunriM C apysbflMH Mb' nb:Tani*cb cnywSTfa « rc.no- 
ca» m H3 pyccKOM. TRe yAaesnocb npo6nTbCR Mepes 
«rnyuinnKW». 

Bopuc HycmhiHuee, npa303amummiK 

Bot napa M3 JleHkinrpaAa. Oh h OHa He nepBofi 
MonoAOCTn Hm Aawe noBesno AMepHKaHCKan poahs 
ccyAwna fleHer, vt ohm KynMnn b paccpo^Ky o6yBHoii 
wara3HH e BpywiHHe C6buiacb MenTa nflwoTa - cwah. 
noAC^nTbtBSW npn6bi/in HocnyujawTe, 4T0 ona pac- 
CKasbtBaeT. y Mens naMSTb, KaK MarHwroipOH flaio 
Aooiobho: 

- 3tot HflMOT - mom Myw, Korp,a exan H3 Pocchm, 
noiatuM^ c coSom paAwonpweMHMK «CnwAona». B 
AMepMxy «Cni4Aony » TamvtTb 1 KaK 5yATO 3Aecb Henb3B 
Kynn-Tb no Ae^ueBKe «Cohio» Ho oh TaM c new ne 
paccTaBancfl. c^yiuan «Tonoc AMepnKH» no-pyccKM « 
3Aecb AepxwT Boane yxa: tot we «Tonoc AMepHKM» n 
13K we no-pyccK«, noTOMy mto anrnHficKoro oh He 




«PR-4V» 



tf-A-* pffis org 



148 



4 KPACHOE KOJIECO 




kMuhchu 1955 e 



och/iht no KOHqa cbomx Anew. Cha«t b HaiueM Maraan- 
He y Kaccw m cnywaeT cboio «Cnnflony». 5yflb ohs 

npOKHBTa. 

3<ppauM Ceeeua. 
«Ocmanoeume caMonem - h cne3y!» 

OflHH cnyMati m hctophm rnytueHMfl, 1969 toa, 
aiviepHKaHUbi BbicawnsaioTCfl Ha flyny bn-Bn-Cn m 
«To/ioc AiwepnKn» BeflyT npSMyto nepeflany c cmhx- 

pOHHblM nepeBOflOM -KB 3TOT MOMeHT BKTllOMatOTCB 

«rnyLUH,nKM». Y hmx 6bm TaKoii MeTOA paflMOCTaHyns 
«ManK», KCKa^eHHan. Ha otovi we nactoTe H b otot 
MOMeHT no «ManKy» HfleT necenKa us «BpnnnnaHTO- 
Bo(ipyKti» «AHaMBcepaBHO. aHaMBcepaeHo kochm 
TpbiM-TpaBy...» Fl He 3Haio, cneuna/ibHO una HeT. ho 

3T0 COBepLLeHHO MyTKO BOCnpUHMMaJlOCb. 

HuKonau, cnyutamenb PC 

C yrpa ao noaflHero Benepa oh pa6oran a flerflo- 
Me Tawt 9Ke npoBOAHn peneTHLinn flpaMKpywKa HMeHH 
MewepxonbAa (o h ca M Aa/i Kpyaacy Taicoe Ha3BaHne) w 
3aHSTns nwTKpyMKa «6pnraHTWHa». peAaKTMpoBa/i 
CTeHraaeTy aCnacinkiBoe flercTBO», a npwxoAfl ao- 
mom, cpa3y KMflancfl k ceoeMy jiaMnoeoMy npweMHUKy 
«Petcopfl», cnywan «apa>KecKne ronoca», 3aKypnBan 
nanwpocy «npn6ow» m TyT )Ke. BpewieHM ne Teppm, 
3anpaenn/i e MaiuviHKy Merupe Jiucrra 6y«arn c Konnp- 




*Sacta» 1960s. 



KOK H HaHMHan C 6eilJeHOW CKOpOCTbK) BblCTyKMBaTb 

ONepeflHOtf TeKCT a cTpOMtcy wnw ctodShkom 

BnaduMup Bouhobuh. «MoHyMeHmanbHast 

nponaeandau 

Oahmm H3 nepBwx Kynwn orei4 b MocKBe npwew- 
hmk «Pvtra-10», rorfla eme He 6bino TeneBwsopoB. w 
cjiywa/i «ro/ioc AMepHKH» nana Moii. oearpaMOTHwii 
senoBeK(oHOKOHMnn4Knacca). enytuaJi «ronocAMe- 
Phkw», a MaMa KOMMyHHc-rxa, npnTanacbnoAOflen/io. 
nyrawcb, mo nac Bcex 3a6epyi\ n rq chx nop Aywaio, 
rtoneMy oh sto p,enan. 

- W no^ieMy? 

- riOTOMy mto ywe TorAa 3Han, mto mw ace epeM 
Korfla nOK33t>iBajiM (JwnbMbi npo BOtfHy. oh yxoAwn. He 
MorMXBkiAeTb Bce3TH«He6ecHb>teTnxoxoAbi». «CTa- 
nMHrpaACKyio 6nTBy» Oh npoiuen boo sowny, npo- 
uje/r rpM KOHLinarepH. Bee BUflen n nepewnn M tobo- 
pn/1. msAfl Ha 3KpaH: «8ce 3to nowb.. » 

PoMan Kapaee, axmep. H3 UHmepebm 

... Ho noMMMO Toro. hto mw 4HTann MapiuaKa w 
MuxanKOBa, Mbi enw aMepuKaHCKyro TyiueHKy, awepn- 
iohckviw sMMHwft nopoujott, aMepMKaHCKyio crymeHi^. 
H b /ihsSom nepeynKe, Ha moOoiii ynnue mo>kho 6bino 
yBMfleTb ManbHMweK. rowsifOLiiHX 6aHKM ot KoncepBOB 
BM6CT0 cfyTfJonbHbix MSMeiii C roflaMU Mbi HannHann 

nOHHM3Tb HTO tt)auJH3M Mbi n06eflM/lH BO MHOrOM 

5naroAapR KonoccanbHOki aMepHKaHcxow homolmh 
Bory - BoroBO. ho Kecapio - xecapeao riOTOM 6bina 
awepuKaHCKaw BbicraBKa b MocKBe. n no ace^i Mockbc 
Ae™ \a B3pocnbie Be3nn k ce6e aomow 6ywa)KHbie 
CTaKaHMUKM c nenCM-Konow, 4T06bJ flaxb nonpoSoBaTb 
coceflflM vi poahnm Ma 3tom me BbicraBne Dbina 
Bne^aTJifltomas tpoT03Kcno3Munn mPoa ^enoaeMec- 
Mm, Dbinn geceflw c xcvmbiMH aMepuKaHqaMn 06 nx 
o6pase jkh3hh flns mhor/x 3to 6bin xoth h CKy^HbM 
ho HenocpeacTBeHHbiii B3mHA na AMepnKy Hy n, 
KOHenno, «spa>KecKMeroDOca». BcflCTpananbiTajiacb 

H0M3MH XOTb 4T0-T0 yCnblLUaTb C«B03b amyiiJMTe^WB 

us Amcphki* no «ronocy AMepnKn» JleA TpoHyncn 1 
Hocu0 PacKUH. «3Hu,unnonedun Xynuaan- 
cmeyxmieso OpmodoKCa» 

B Maraaane. e AOMe oflHOKnaccHHKa, pQAvnenu 
TOToporo pa6oTa/in b reonorvmecKOM TpecTe * Kasa- 
nucb mho HaCToflmnMn 6oraMaMM. h BnepBbie ycnw- 
man kTojioc AMepkiKH» Y hmx 6bin npneMHMK «BariTn- 
Ka» c DonbiuuM ksk cobuhwm mas hhahiotopom 
HacTpOMKM LUopox h TpecK aToro annapaTa. AO^eTaio- 
mne HHorAa 3ByKn MyabiKH m HHOCTpaHwafl penb onenb 
cn^bHO Ae^tcTBOBann Ha Ma/ibHuiuecKoe Boo6pa>Ke- 

HMC K3K 6bt OTKpblBafl B HOMM Heo603pHMyK) A3"b 

Tuxoro OKeawa eflsa nn He ao Hobom 3e/iaHfl«n 
OAHa>KAb( coBepiueHHO OTMeTnmBOflOHecnocb no-pyc- 
ckm: «Bl>i c^yiuaete Tonoc Ambphkm". bu cnyujaeie 
CBoSoAHoe paAHO . » 

. KaK-To pa3 bo BTopoiS nonOBMHe ujecniflecH- 
Tbix roAOB Ha coBpanun b Mockobckom Aowe nwTepa- 
Topoa oahh H3 ceKperapeii nucaienbCKoro co»3a o 
KOtopOM 6t>tno H3B6CTHO, mto oh b CBoeM ceficpe Aep* 






■liAPTA' M43-M 2005 



4 HiyillEHHE 



149 



*cwt noroHbt rewepana KPB. pyran CTpMSyHw nnc3Te- 
new aa to, hto ohh cnytuatoT unocrpaHHoe paano 
Bpews 6bino nenpocToe, nucaTenn KpaMonbHwann. 
C06wpa/iM noflnwcn noA nticbMOM nporecTa npoTna 
cyaa Hafl AneKcan^pOM TnHc6yproM w KDpweM Parian- 
ckobwm napToprann3auiin coroaa ribrranacb noanw- 
HTb Ha 3a6nyfliunx k A3*e npurnacmia na BCTpeny c 
humh npoKypopa. ^enoBena c HeycTowMKBUMit KpoBe- 
HOCHbiMM cocyflavn. Koiopbiii ripn HenoflroTOBneH- 
Hwx Bonpocax m aana noseMy-To rycTO xpacnen. 

BopHCb C 3T0H OCOSeHHOCTbtO CBOHX KOXHblX HO- 

KpOBOB. npcwypop Bce-raKw paccK33an coSpaBWMMCH, 
KaK pa3BHBancfl noAPWBHow 3aMwcen «cnei4CJiy>K6 
3anaaa» w KaK H3 BeHecysribi 6bin nocnan areHT, 
KOTopbiii npusea b MocKBy wannporpacp 

- rio3BonbTe. TOBapum npOKypop. - nowHTepeco- 
Banncb KpaiMonbHbie nucaTenw, - Kaxafl HeyBfl30HKa 
nonyMaerca. KaK jkc 3to cnei4C/iy>K6bi 3anaAa OTnpa- 
bwm seHecyanbMa c LuanwporpacfcoM k !~nH36ypry m 
TanaHCKOBy, xorfla re ywe HecKO/ibKO MecnqeB KaK 

QblTlM apeCTOBaHbl V\ B TKjpbMe CMfle^H? 

KowHwe noKpoBw onnTb a° noc/ieAHei* cienenn 
noABe/w npoKypopa. co n6a fla*e Bpwsrvi noneTe/m 
OTKyaa bn 3HaeTe. TOBapnmn. mtoohh y*e necKo/ibKo 
wecHMBB cwflenH, kto we sto Bac HH^JopMHpyeT"? Tyr 
n BCKOHun ceKpeTapb-reHepan 

- 3ro ohm M3 «ronoca AiwepHKus no/iyuaioT hh- 
(JjOpMaLlMK), - BOCKJIMKHyn oh - KaK Baiw. TOBap^mM. 
He cxbiflHO cnyuuaTb paflMOKneBeTHMKOB'" 

flanee oh CKaaan. mto y pyKOBOflCTBa HaKonvi^ocb 
neMano tpaicroB o HenpwrriflAHOM AenTertbHOc™ HeKo- 
Topbix nwcaTenew, KOTopwe HepnatoTMHcfcopMamiKJ H3 
AypHO naxHyiMMx hctohhwkob. 

- A Tenepb, - CKa3a/i oh. - n npenoAHecy Ban* sth 
cpaKtbi «a noflpoSnoM M3no>KeHnw» 

B 3ane Ha>nanncb. KaK r/iacsT deHorpaMMw. 
OKHBneHwe vt cMex TeHepan nonan b neKCHMeCKyio 
noByujKy fleno b tom, hto BbipaweHMe «b noflpo&ViOM 
n3no>KeHnn» 6bino. TaK cKa3aTb, roproBoti wiapKOfi KaK 
pas «ronoca AMepMKn». HnKa«HM ApymM o6pa30M 
renepan HeMOrnoAMennTb3Toroo6opOTa. KaKTonbKo 
npw cnyiuaHMM - m, oneBWAHo, perynnpHOM - «ToJioca 

AMepHKMB 

Bacunuu Akcohob. 
«PaduodneBHUH rwcamenn» 

3a6aBHbie hctophw Bpewtenn «rjiyiunnoK». Hror- 
fla 6bina MonoflbiM Bpanow. n y MeH« 6bin SnaroAap* 
Hbitf nauweHT. noHHesHan, KaK MeHq oT6naroAapwTb 
H oh Mne npeano)KMn: «y aac ecTb K3KO«-Hn6yAb 
npneMHMK?» - «fla». - «ripnHecMTe MHe» fl eiwy 
npMHecna b OonbHt»My opweMHHK. a oh 5wn osenb 
xopoainii paAHOMHweHep v\ sen paAMOKpywoK nyTb nw 
He AOMa OTflbixa 14K naprwn M oh MHe a iwoeiu npneM- 
HHKe Cflenan mto-to TaKoe. KOpoTKne bo/ihw. no koto- 
Pwm a Morna 6onee nnn Menee chokomho cnyujaxb 
Pbamo Cao6oAa. M n 370 Aenara no cert AeHb... 

H BTOpan MCTopMR. MOfl noApyra c ManeHbKUM 
cwhom b Te roAfai rtpMiijna b wara3MH. MaraanH. KaK 
scerAa, y Hac 6wn nycTOM, 11 TaKne 6bmn cwpKn 
Ha3biBanwcb «BonHa» M oHa roBopMT: «Bot mw ceii- 
^ac KynwM c to6om. Jletua, «BoriHy», A oh KaK 3aKpw- 
hmt: «He xoMy Bonny, xony HeMei-iKyio BonHyU OHa 




«Pu30Hda-102» 1968 s 



TaK id oxHyna' HapOAy 6wno wano. OHa ero cxeaTn/ia 
m noTaiMH/ia Tenepb 3tot ManbHMK ywe kohhuh yHH- 
BepcMteT 

AHHa Andpeeana. cnyiuament, PC, Mocnea 

HeMnoro cpi43HKn: paAwyc yBepeHHoro npiieiwa (a 
c/ieAOBaTenbHO m oxBaT ayAMTopn«) saBucur ot moia- 
hoctm nepeAaiNMKa. BbicoTbi nepeAaiomeM am-eHHbi m 
Hecymefi ^acTOTtn HeM Bwtue nacTOTa, TeM wenbiue 
paAnyc npweMa (ncKniOHeHne - ocoBwe cB0*icTBa K8- 
Anana30Ha, KOTopbae no3Bonfl»OT sa txeT MOHoccpep- 
Horo oTpaMeHMH nepeAaBaTb cwman na oneHb 6onb- 
lumb paccTOAHUS, ^eM nonb30Bam4Cb MBpawecKMe ro- 
noca»). 

Cepaeu Bapunee. «)KypHan MH<po-6ii3Hec» 




«3ee3da» 1954 e 



ww* iiana org 



151 



4 KPACHOE KOJIECfl 




nQOHeuh' 



Otmaeaa 1957 a 



Cnyuiaib «fonoc AiuiepnKn» « Hanan neTOM 1969 
roaa. Korfla nepeiue/i b 6 K/iacc. Mow APV AeTCTBa, 
CbiHnoTOMCTBeHHoroMop{iKa,6biriCHacTJinsb(Mo6na- 
aaTe/ieM HacToamux a»*»hcob. weanKH, KOKa-KOJiw m 
Apyrwx 3arpaHMHHbix «urry4eK». MMnbix cepAMV coBeT- 
CKoro oTpOKa A eme y nero own TpaHSMCTOpHwfi 
npneMHwiK «A*Ba» Hauia flana KCTa™ Haxo^nnacb 
no-coceACTBy, mto h nawnocb noeoflOM a^" APy^w 

y>tt He noMHK) tohho. KorAa sto cnyMHnocb, ho mw 
otca3anncb noMewaHbt Ha poK-My3WKe Ka»myio cy6- 
6cry Mbi co6npa/incb y TeneBwaopa Ha Aane coceAa M 
3anncb(BanM nana/io n Koneu, nepeflaHw «B oB^eKTHBe 
AMepHKa» Ha MarHUTO0OH «rproHAt*r». 
- Can buy me lo-o-ve, can buy me lo-o-ve ... - nenw 
Beatles KoMiweHTapnn BoBMHa Hac HHTepecoBann 
wano l~toc/ie nepeAaHM Mbt no MHory pa3 npOKpymiBa- 
m sanwcb, Me^Tan o co3AaHnw co6ctb6hhow pok- 
rpynnbi. 

06biMHo. «ArtBa» Sbi/ia HadpoeHa Ha «Manto> 
Cboakh c nonefi v\ KnaccMxa ycnaKAann cnyx 6a6yiu- 
kh. Koropafl npodpeccwoHanbHO Ae)Kypvtna no tcyxne 
OflHajKflbi oieu, Moero flpyra CTan Kpymrb py^xy Ha- 

CTpOflKH 

- Can buy me lo-o-ve, can buy me lo-o-ve...! - 
BbiAa/i npi/iewiHHK. 

C 3Toro aha 6a6yiiiKa jiyi wwnacb cbomx npHBvme- 
niw. Mbi we noHTM Kax<AbiL?i Be^iep nponaAann b AtOHax 
Ha 5epery 3annBa m cnyiuann poxna kopotkhx BonHax 
Ecib HeKM*i 0H3n^ecK«fl scpcfceKT npoxoxyieHun pa- 

flHOBOnH M OTpaWeHWH MX 0T MQpCKOM nOBepXHOCTH B 

AWHax Mbi noennn nioQbte paAH0CTaHu,nn v\ HHKaKKe 
«r/iyujMriKW» He Mornii naw nOMewaTb. llepeAaMa «B 
oeteKTMBe AMepnna» 6btna 6onbWe ne Hywna. Kaw- 
flyio cy660Ty b 9; 30 Benepa HanwHanacb wTaHueeanb- 
hsr nporpaMMa «ronoca AMepwt<n» Mepea normaca 
aaBann CBOAxy HOBOCTeii. Mbi BHuwann eft Bno/iyxa, 
HTo6b) He nponycTHTb na^ano BTopow naciM. FlocTe- 



nenHO s» Ha^an npvicnyiuwBaTbCfl k hoboctam Ohh 
o^eHb OTfiHManncb ot Toro, ^to b cnbiwan no Tenean- 
sopy. flaxce ronocay «!~onoca» 6birw Apyme Co mhom 
sbho pasroeapHBa/iM. nax c yMHbiM MenOBeKOM 

BcKOpe MHe nomoSunncb nporpaMMw «B MHpe 
HayKM» «Hobocth AMepvitcaHCKOfi KynbTypbi vi TexHM- 
km» A^tfaaoBbiMBeMepcynn/iHCOM KanoBepOM wnonn- 
THMecKne KOMMeHTapuH R wvin c « Tojiocom AwepHKm* 
AO KOHuia 80-x, KorAa co6bi™n. npowcxoflflinne bok- 
pyr. noKasanncb wHTepecnee paAno. Bcrape coseTC- 
Kap AewCTBHTeribHOCTb crana mhow BocnpunnMaTbCfl 
4epe3npM3My «Tonoca AMepMKH». Ona 6bina onepea- 
hoh AypHOM wrpow. KOTopyto npuflyManw sapocnbie 
flocrraTOHHO 6btno roBOpMTb HeMTo npoTHBononowHoe 
TOMy, o mcm paccKa3bieajin no «Bpa>«ecKOMy PaAno». 
HToSbi c yaepeHHOCTbio npoc/ibiTb nonnTn^ecKM rpa- 
MOTHbiM coBeTCKWM rpa>KAaHHHOM a cTan SeccMen- 
Hbiw KOMCOproM Knacca, a noTOM \a mhcthtvtcxom 
rpynnbt. CoMHeHMH He Tep3an« MeHn TBepAan hbt- 
BepKa no o6meCTB6HHbiM AncunnntiHaM bpoas hcto- 

pMH K0MMyHHCT«4eCK0M napTMH V\ HayMHOrO KOMMy- 

Huswa 6bina MHe rapaHTHposaHa. xom a He crxpbiBan 
yneoHviKOB. «Tonoc AwiepnKH» H3 Bauj^HrroHa Bcer^a 
noflCKaabtBan npaBwnbHbie OTBexbi m noABen Mens 
TOnbKO OflMH pa3... 

Cepun ncTopvmecKHx nepeAas o TpoynoM 6t»ina 
He npocTo HHiepecHGtf. a 3aMe^aTenbHow 

Oh OKasancs ne Taxoii y>K npocTHTyTKOti ho neno- 
seKOM BoneBbiM vi TananTnuBbiM. k TOMy we coaflare- 
neM KpacHOM ApMHH Ka^yjyio neflemo R WAai npo- 
AonxeHMfl M Bbiy^nn pacnwcaHwe «ronoca» Han3ycTb 
no pOKOBOMy CTenennK) oScTonrenbCTB b sKsaMeHa- 
miOHHOM Sunete no Hay^HOMy KOMMyHM3My MHe no- 
nancfl Bonpoc o Tpou«OM ... 

flerxo naroBOptiB xyMy 6enn6epAH OT npoTHBHoro 
TOMy, ^rro oiytuan no^tTM Kaxyiwi* A^Hb Ha kopotkmx 
BOJiHax. n nepeoie/i k TpeTbeMy Bonpocy. Tyr y m€ha 



KAPTA' fB43— U KH>5 



4 MYIDEHHE 



151 



b Moary mto-to 3aicnMHmio v\ ewecTo no/iHTunecKH 
rpaMOTHoro aHanwaa flbea flasbiflOBkwa b ayxe mcto- 
pnn napTnn Bam noxopMbiti cnyra CTan nepecK33bi- 
BaTh aepcnio «PaAno ws-3a Byrpa»! 

3K3aweHaunoHH3B komuccha npuBCTana co CTy- 
nbeB ywac cKOBan mom ^neHbi, b wenyAxe o6pasosa- 
nacb nycTOTa. xorAa a noHnn, hto npowsow/io. HayH- 

HWki KOMMyHM3M Dblfl eflUHCTBeHHblM TOCSKSaMeHOM, 

Hecaana KOToporo QTOwpana npaeo Ha nojiyneHHe 
AMnnoMa! MepTOB Tooukmw 1 Otv3«hho h wamo fi 
Kpw^an. ^to oh nojiMTHHecxafl npocTHTyrKa. 

Kommcchs HefloeepHHBO npticena. B KOHqe koh- 
uob MHe nocTaennn Tpotficy, nonenftB. hto nonwwHec- 
km 6e3rpaMOTHo OTBeTkin Ha TpeTMii Bonpoc Ha 6onb- 
iuee n a tot MOMeHT He HaAeajicn v\ 6bt/i MCKpeHHe paa, 
4to Mens no?Kanen«. Kto snaer MOxeT QbiTb 3T« 
npenoaaBaTejin To*e TawxoM cfiyiuajiM «Tonoc AMe- 

pttKM» 

B BbinncKe H3 sa^eTHoft BeflOMOc™ k annnoMy y 
MeHfl eAMHCTBeHHan yAOB/ieTBopHTejibwas oueHtca - 
no HayMMOMy KOMMynHSMy. B Myxax CTaHOBMTcn mcth- 
Ha npaBAOM 

Cepeeu Kaneuc 

<tPaAno Cbo6oa3» mw Hana/ia anepBue cny- 
tuaTb no ziaMnoBOMy npneMHUKy, CKB03b ryn m r/A y 
Hac 6bin AOMa npneMHUK KOxopbiM BaunaB Hhobum 
flBopweMKMrt caM co6pan, Co6pan t3kom npneMHMK 
naMnoBbiw M Mbi xaK THxoneMKo b KOMnaTxe cnyiLiann 
«PaAno C8o6oaa» HaM 6t>ino n cTpaujHO. h o^eHb 

npHRTHO BO-nepBbJX, 3TO 6bU10 BABOeM, Mbl TQJlbKO- 

TonbKO noweHnnncb. a bo-btopux. Baunasy flHOBMny 
ywe BOoSLMe HMnero He 6bino CTpaiUHO. oh y*ce «nory- 
jisn» 1 4 ner no ryflAry A MHe. HasMHaiomeMy pexaic- 
cepy, 6bino Bee unTepecno m Bee onenb nrooonbiTHO 
TaxoM. 3naeTe. sanpeTHwfl hjioa, oh BcerAa6bin o^teHb 
HHTepeceH m OHent none3eH, Kcrarn. 

Puea IlBeume, HumeaopodCKOe meampa/ib- 
Hoe yvu/ruuje uu. EecmusHeeea 

AneKc f\ boo «n3Hb cnyman Bee «Bpa*ecKne 
ronoca» (VOA BBC. HcnaHHs v\ np.) Ha kopotkmx 
BoriHax Ha cob6tckom npneMHUk-e co cnoMaHHOti an- 
tbhhom Be^epoM Ha 3anaflHotf cTopone 3AaHna nepefl 
okhom B paftoHe 20-25 MeTpos. . 

kvww.eff.ru 




«5enapycb» 1959 a 



Korjja Konn 6wn ManeHbKHM, oh ^acTO cny wan no 
HonaM cTapeHbxyKi «PnroHAy». nbiTaacb noMMarb 
BpaHtecKne ronoca npaeAa. BcerAa nosuncfl «ManK». 
ho KonB 06 sto He AoraAWBancfl «Ma«K» snocnefl- 
ctbwm 06 3tom 3a6bui . a sot Konfl 6es paA^o y*e He 
nor 

HtiKonau Fpaxoe 

06hmhck pacnycTuncsi ao Toro, mto noronoBHO 
cnyiuan «Bpa>KecKne» ro/ioca. a sto CTporo-nacTporo 
3anpemanocb. He ocTanaBDHBa/io Aawe cBepxycep- 
AnecTyxaHeii. KOTopwx nerKO BWHHcnsnn: ohm noAca- 
xcwaanncb rAe-Hn6yAb Ha KOHLiepTe h 3aroBopiMMMec- 
km HaMHHanw: «Bnepa nepeAasa/iM no Bh-Bm-Cm. 
4T0...» CnoBOM. BTnrwBanw b pa3roBop. KOTopbiM iuor 
o6epHyTbCfi a^a cooeceflHuxa eecbMa m secbMa ne- 
^aribHO 

HoHHa HepHhtx. MypHan «ropod» 

rioKOMHWii nucaTenb ConoyxnH 6bm nocTonH- 
HbiM cnyujaTeneM «PaA«o Cao6ofla». &o/iee toto. oh 
oxotho BbicTynan a momx nepeaanax «l"loBepx Qapbe- 





«TPS-S4u 1954 1 



PaduonpueuHux «Kpom-M» ucnonbaoeancn »a cmaKuunx 

cnexemm e 50-60-x soda* Ho eom napadoxc 

paduonio6umemt e pyxu Komopbix t/noedg nonadanu manue 

<rc/w/caHHwe» *Kpombj», oxomno cnyuianu "30/7oca« c 

noMombto omoij cneuannapamypbi 



ww*a fc aria ofg 



15? 



4 KPACHOE KDflECO 




nflaysaeav J 955 a 



poe». m npw 3tom He riK>6nn oh «CBo6ofly». Hy, Heno- 
BeK oh 6b)n ne cjihlukom nn6epanbBbix BsrnnAOB. n 
Koraa ero cnpaiUMsann «A none My we ace-iaKH bw. 
rocnoflMH ConoyxuH. cnywaeTe "Paflwo CsoGoAa" 9 )* - 
oh OTBesaji: «flnn 03/io6neHKR» TaK hto Moryr 6biTb 
coBeptueHHO pa3Hbie MOTUBbi y hsluwx cnywsTenew. w 
3TO aflopoeo 

Haopb HoMepamiee, pedawmop npoapaMMhi 

«Paduo Ceo6oda» 

)KecTKwe yc^oBMB - 3to semb, ywe HeoflwoKpaT- 
ho npoMfleHHaa HamHM rocyAapcrBOM H k neMy sto 
npuBOflMno, Bee 3HaiOT JltoAM tmxo cMfienn, ho Bee 
paBHo noTuxoHbKy cnyujanM to we «Paflno CBo6oAa» 
no paflMOnpweMHHKaM w xoTenw no/iyMWTb Kaxyio-To 
nHctjopMaiiMio. 3to MoweT cxaTHTbCH k TOMy we caMo- 
My... 

Cmanucnae Cupamee, Acconuami* nouna- 

HUU Cfpephl UH&OpMamiOHHhlX mexHonoauu 

SyKBanbHO ^epe3 AeHb y3Hanw o MeM roBOpM- 
nocb a flowiaae xpymeBCKOM . Y Hac 6wn npneMHn« 
3aMeHaTeribHbiii «PeKopfl~46». KOTopbti* Tan m ctofw 
Ha«ronoceAMepnKn». wMwBcenposToySHaBana.. 

fl nouuert na wyp<paK. Benrpwa flnn nac - sto 
6wno coBeptueHHO HeMra HeBeponTHOe H bot sto, 
HaaepHoe. 6njio eflMHCTaeHHoe epeMn, Koraa KopoT- 
KOBonnoBbin npneMHUK ctosji b ayflnTopnn. oh He 




«3cmonup- 



BKntoManca bo BpeMa neKLinn. ho neKuwa KOHManacb. 
npenoaaB3Tenb Bbixofliin. BKnKwancn npweMHMK M 
Mbi Bee cnyujann npo BeHrpuro Bee cnymariM, eaaa 
nn «Tonoc AMepi4KM». no-iwoeMy. no«l~o;iocy AMepyi- 
kh» 6binn Be^epHne nepesaw raK mto cKopee «Cbo- 
5oAy» ... 

A/ieKcaHdp ruH36ypa, npaeo3amumHUK 

Koraa Uropb MacneHHUKOB 3a,qyMaji CBOti 3Ha- 
MeHHTbiki cepwan o LUepnoKe Xoniwce H AOtfTope Bai- 
coHe. ok pewwrt, mo nymuew 3arnaBHOi?i Teiuoft ajia 
Hero 6yfleT aHrjiHMCKan MwnepcKan MyauKa, HanOAO- 
6ne no3biBHbix 6n-6n-cn OAHa«o BTospeMH KannTa- 
nHCTtmeCKoe paA^o rnymwriM w ycnwujaTb to, mto 
xoTen pewweeep, flaiuKeaHMy He npeACTaannnocb 
so3MO>KHbiM B uTore, HToSbi 3anncaTb My3bitcy, Mac- 
neHHMKOBy npMtijnoCb ecto HO^tb riOBntb «BpawecKne 
ro/ioca» Cpasy nocne 3Toro oh noaaoHun b MocKsy 
flaiajKestwy vi Aan eMy nocnywaTb oTpwaoK no Terte- 
(J)OHy ycjibiwaB MyabiKy. KOMnoanTop npon3Hec: «3to 
He npo6neMa» v\ TOTHac we, no/iownB xpySicy oko^o 
0opTenn3HO, cbirpa/i Syflymyio Tewy k 0nnbMy. 

ra3ema «BepcuR» 

Mw b npocTOTe CBoefi Aywann. mto. npopbiBancb 
CKB03b c^nbi m xpunw. Menacb no 30wpy a paccywAe- 
hhh, rAe cnbiiiiHee - na Bm-Bh-Ch nnn «HeMeu«oii 
BonHe» . - ocymecTB/ifieM aicr riHMHoro ocBo6owAeHH?i 
ot BceanA^iAero OKa Ho cnoBa nonaAanw b CkiTyauino 
poMaHa Opysnna - b 30Hy nponymeHnow cepwaHTOM 

HeTpOBblM M/1W MaPlOpOM npOHUHblM CnbllLIMMOCTW 

Bbituen cepwaHT no«ypwTb - npornoTH^n hoboctm 
BbiKpovtn Ma«op nacoK Ann 6pwcpMHra c ceKpeTapiueM 
- noxaBajw KynbTypKH 

Mapuna KyduMoea, aazema «Cpeda» 

CTapiiiMM cbiHOM TaKoro y6ewAeHHoro KOMMyHM- 
CTa Sun mom 6paT- He Menee ySewAeHHbii?i AOMaiu- 
hhk AHCCMA6HT Oh KicnpaBHo cjiyiuan BpawecKne 
«ronoca» a speMft ot BpeweHU coBepujan anoxanb- 
Hbie nociyrtKN. CKaweM. 21 aBrycra 1 968 roAa. b AeHb 
coBeTCKoi* arpeccMM b MexocnoBaKMHD, oh aoopywun- 
cn caMOAenbHWM ^eujcKMM cpnaroM v> OTnpaanncfl 
eAUHonMHHOAeMOHCTpupoeaTbno OAecce, rAeTorfla 
OTAbixan, - b 3H3K npoTecTa. ABTopmeTa oTqa eAaa 
xBaTiino. MTo5bi noracuTt c«aHAan. 

KoHe^HO, 3TO Sbtna HacTOBman ApaMa; npaKTM- 
MeCKH eweBeMepne, coSpaBiuncb aa cTonoM k ywiwy. 
ceMbfl 3aTeBana HacTonmne nofiMTMnecKvie 6aTannw 
fl 5bin b to BpeMfl eme peoeHKOM. ho ywacHO nepewn- 
san v\ 3a 6paTa. v\ aa OTqa. crapancb nonflTb o6onx 
HaAO cKa3aTb. ^to apryMenTbi 6paTa MHe scerAa Ka3a- 
nvicb paayMHWMn . ho Ay luokd a 6bin cnopee na cropone 
oTqa - MenoBe«a o^eHb ncKpeHHero m npnMoro. 

AHamonuu Hy6auc, PAO £3C 

fl- TwnwMHbitinpoflyKTCBoeroBpeMeHW SoKTfl6- 
peHOK, nnOHep. KOMCOMoneq. He Bepsmnvi H ^ a KaKMe 
qeHHocTM HtAKSKoro KOMMyHnawa c caMOro fleTCTBa 
cnyiijatomnii «ronoc AMep«KM» c 12 nrin 13 neT BMe- 
crec nanow. naAeBaBLUHHCR hsa BpewweebiM v\ cobct- 
ckom BnaCTbio... 

nemp AeeH, Anb(pa-BaHH 



KAPTA Hi43-4t 2005 






4 rnyauEHME 



153 



«Paaw CBo6ofia» r ecerfia c/iywa/i, Byaynn 
eme WKonbHMKOM 3to 6w/ia raMHaa, Tax CKa3aTt>, 
T3Kan Beiub. A noTOM - ace BpeMfl vi KOraa /Muncfl b 
yHHBepcwTeTe. Mbt*eBce ciyAeHTaMM cnymann «Cbo- 
6oay» H OHa, HattOHeu, npwiMia Ho He Bee OKaaa- 

DHCb rOTOBb) K 3T0My, k coxaneHWO He K «PaflHO 

CBo6oaa», a KCBo6oae Boofime. 

rpuaopuQ EpunRH u3dameiihCKUU dor* 

nHcKyccmeo» 

OnHbie cTaBKM npoAormanM math tbm we nopflfl- 
kom. 3 b hhx HMKaKoro y^acTMH Me npHMniwa^, renepb 
Aawe caM da panes Humero He cnyuuaTb, mto 6wjio He 
raK yxrpyAHO Buflfl Moe no/inoe 6e3yMacTue n BHeiu- 
nee 5e3paa/inMne. KaMaeB Aa m Ahtohob crapanncb 
3aaoAMTb MeHfi nocropOHHUMM paaroBopaMn. He no 
nporoKOJiy 

-Hst, Map^enno, HaAoSwrb ywinee. Knury Hanw- 
can - a K3K0& Te6e npoK? Cnaea rAe-To, a caiw Tbi 
3Aecb. b narepe, m CMAeTb 6yAewb, no«a He cmMetub. 
rioAyMaeiub. Ha3Ba/i OAHOro-APyoro Kto aroro Scut- 
ch? ilowa/iyticTa, sot o nac nycrb xoTb 6h-6h-cw 
nepeAaer. xoTbAawe «CBo6oAa». Tw HawM cpaiwunHn 
3Haeujb . nx mu He cKpweaeM. K stom Teiue ohm BoaBpa- 
manncb He pa3 

- Mowewb o nac nepeAaBaTb xoTb a OOH. Mbi 
aToro He 6ommch' 

TaK H BH)Ky 3THX BBpHblX CbJHOB OTeweCTBa (IpH- 

hmkujmmh k Tpah3ncTopy b ownAaHMM. mto Bpaweocwe 
ronoca He 3a6yAyT n mx MMeHa. 

3to CBoeo6pa3Hoe TujecnaBHe oneHb xapataep- 
ho Ana Hwatueti aAMHHncTpai_iMK Jlapuca paccKa3bi- 

BaeT. MTO HaMa/lbHHK MyHCKOM Mrt/lmjHK! TaK MC6 Ha6i4- 

Banca Ha M3BecTHOCTb 

- flyiwaeTe. n ooiocb ecnn bw nepeAaA^Te 060 
MHe «l~onocy AMepwKiw? 3 3Toro ne Gotocb Moh 
cfcawnnnfl BnaflUMnpoe 

Anamomiu MapneHKO. «)Kueu nan ece» 

Pobho nonBeKa TOMy naaaA nonawjiocb - e CMbic- 
ne 6wno co4HHeHO n weno/weno oaho M3 caMbtx 3na- 

MeHMTblX COHMHeHW?i COBpeMeHHOW My3WKW - 4'33"- 




Tacet 3MepnKaHua flwona KeiiAwa CnoBOM tacet 
(mojihwt) a napTHTypax npwHHTO 06o3HaMarb ahmh- 
Hbte tiay3bJ Co^wneHMe KewAwa. coocTBeHHO, n co- 

CTOWT H3 OflHMX H3y3 (B HOTHOM W3AaHt4W BCe MeTbipe C 

nonOBMHOM MUHyTbi eiAe v\ noAeneHM na Tpn nepaB- 
Hbre nacTM) - caMM McnonHMTenn b TeneHne 3Toro 
BpeMenn HHKaKwx 3ByKoa ne MSAatOT. TaK hto nyBnwKa 

BWHyJKAeHa MyHHTenbHO BCJiy HIM BaTbCS B TO. MTO 05bM- 

ho TonbKo MeiiiaeT: cxpun CTyribeB, Katuenb, liiyMw 
ynMLibi.. Ha nepBOM ncnonHeHMM, HaTyparibHo. bw- 
ujen CKaHAan, cpaBHHMbiM c B03MyiAeHneM. KOTopoe 
Sbiasana b 1913 roAy npeMbepa «BecHbi CBRmeH- 
ho«» Ho B 0Tnn4ne ot Qaneja CtpaBWHCKoro. 4'33" 
y>«e no/iBeKa npoAonmaer BbisbiBaib ace TaKyro xe 
SypHyio peaKumo CoScTBeHHO, m 3to TO*e BXOAnno b 
3aAany KOMnoawTopa. 

Ho Mano kto 3HaeT. mto KettA* h ao. h nocne 4'33" 
coMUHfln b tom we Ayxe - b MacTHOCTM, 3HaMeHMTbie 
«Boo6pa>KaeMbie naHAiua0Tbi». «MeTBepTbift naHA- 
macpT», BnepBwe ncno/iHeHHbiti 6yKBa/ibHO HaKanyHe 
4'33".cocTOMTM3 3ByKOBpaAMO30npa-cneAy«napTn- 
rype KeiiAwa, ncno/iHHTenn KpyrnT py^KH rpoMKOCTM w 
HaCTpOMKH Ha HeCKOHbKMX paAnonpMeMHMKax 

Bot OHa, HAen neonpeAe/ieHHOCTH, KOrAa. Kasa- 
jiocb 6b), HMMero ywe He 33bmcmt ot ntwHOCTw aeTopa 
n ncnonHWTejieM - b caMOM HeaaMyrneHHOM BUfle 

Ah HeT - 3aMyTHeHHOM, A3 eme KaK! 




«JjaOna» 1958 a 



«Ko*nema» 1962 1 



IMM - HB ^'g 



154 



4 



KPACHOE KflJIECO 




«5enapycb» J 953 e 



BecHOtf 1968 roaa n nbiTancs opraHH30BaTb wc- 
nonHeHwe «Boo6pa>KaeMoro naHfliuacpTa Ns4» b o5- 
meCTBe nso6nTe/iew hobow My3biKn - He 6es Tpyfla 
HaiufiH MeTbipe TpaH3ncTOpHbix paA^onpbieuHHKa 
«Cnnfloria», ycenncb, bk/ikxh/iw, ho cpaay nc-Hflnw, 
MTOHH^ero ne Bbi«AeT M awaeTe. noneviy? noTOMy hto 
Me HaTKHyrbCfl b npouecce HacTpOMKM na «BpaxecKwe 
ronoca» Sbino He/ib3fl! Ha ny6nnKe 3to Morno Bbirna- 
aeib, ksk «aHTHCOBeTCKan 3rMTau,Mfl m nponaraHAa», a 

33 3TO MOJKHO BbUlO Vt CXJIOnOTaTb., 

npoiuen eme rofl, nwaHMCT AjieKceii JIioShmos 
ncnojiHHJi Apyroe coMMHeHMe KeiiAxa - Water Music, 
T3M no ciienapmo rowe hsao BunwHaTb paflnonpneM- 

hmk Tax bot. xax HM KpyTwn py^KM nuaHUCT J1to6HMOB. 

- HM^ero. Kpoiwe aACKoro peea, no cpaBHeHnto c koto- 
pbiM neperpyweHHbtM ycw/iirrenb a Metal Machine Music 
Jly Pma3 (b npoumoM conMcra rpynnbi Hbio-MopKCKHX 
MMTenneKryanoB Velvet Underground) nnn see wenes- 
km rpynnbi «3ra» (eA^HCTBeHHoro Haiuero a<nca*Af>rm 
ujyMOBoro pOK-aBaHrapna) noxasanncb 6bi anrenbc- 
KOti rapMOHMeiJi. 3to peBejw rnyiiJHTenn. Ha ABOpe 
ctobji 1969 roA - sa nonroAa ao stofo coBeTCKwe 
TaHKn BOUiniA b ripary H ace «ronoca» 5es pa36opa 
HemaAHO myujn,nn 

HepeHeceMcn eiqe Ha toa BnepeA 3anncwBaeT- 
ch rpaHAM03HbiM mmkii «Ms 7 AHetiB HeMeu,Koro komdo- 
3nropa KapnxaMHua LLlToxxayseHa - rate cxasaTb, eB- 
poneiiicKoro KetwKa. Tawi To«e «nrpaeT» paAwonpn- 




*P-250» 1959 3 



eMHMK n^acTMHtcy c 3anncbto Bcero UMKjia onepaTMB- 
ho nonyHH/i oamh mockobckhi* My3WKOBeA. Hbine tkv\- 
BymMtf b JlOHAOHe B CBoew KBapTwpe Ha 23-m 3Ta»ce 
b oahom H3 6atueH y Merpo «K>0-3anaAHaf» » oh no- 
CTaawn MHe oflHy m 3thx nnaCTHHOK M onsiTh Bee Mb; 
BSAporHynn ne SHato yw. b KaKOM CTpane Aenanacb 
aanwcb. ho Ha nnacrnHxe rpoM^e n BHHTHee ecero 
38yMana paAnocTaHmm «Cbo6oah3h EBpona» Ha 
no/ibCKOM A3biKe. H hmkto ee. ecTecrrseHHo, He rny- 
iuuji! 

C Toro MOMeHia, KaK my weHiie sanaAHbix paA«o- 
CTaHunw ynac «3aK0HcepBnpoBann)> Mens see Bperuia 
He noKWAaeT oco3HaHne Toro. mto Mo^tnamie MonMa- 

HWK)p03Hb. BMeCTQ«TpyfiHOM» «MenpH8blHH0^» Kei^- 

AweBCKOMTntuHHbi ceA^ac 3d>ip 3anonHReT cawn 3H3- 

6Te 4TO. 

£\Mumpuu Vxos 

Hy. kto b coseTCKwe BpeMena He nbirancfl npo- 
5nTbCA nepe3 ujyMbi npneMHUKa Ha «CBo6ofly»' ? l~o- 
noca 6wnM ene c^biuiHbi. a Bee paBHo c/iyiuanii 

TOBOpHT. Ha «rJiyLUHJlKM» B CCCP Tp3TMflH SoJlbLUe. 

4eM caMU aMepHKaHMbi Ha eemaHne 

K/ibWH3 Bo6oed, «KoMCOMont,cHan npaeda» 

e Benopyccuuv 

B 1968 roAy. KorAa coB6TCKne Bowcxa bolujim b 
HexocnoeaKHK) n jkmji b fluTBe n ece socnpHHiiMa- 
nocb, noHATHO. 6one3HeHHO « c 6onbiiJow HacTopo- 
KeHHOCTbto Bee cnyiuann 3anaAHbie ronoca fl Toraa 
HaxoA^/iCfl Ha BanTMMCKOM Mope, b RanaHre. « Mbi 
cnyujanvi b ochobhom uiseAcxoe paano h «ronoc 
AMepnKH», 

CaeuK iUycmep, mypnajtucm 

B 80-e caMbie ym^we vts HacnoAnonbHO cnywarm 
«PaA«o CBo5ofla», Pink Floyd m Sex Pistols, no^nTW- 
ea^v> Con>KeHViL(biHa n wypnan « Rolling Stones » a 
Taxwe kocm/ih ot Konxo3a. 

Tima Altrueast, ceo6odHbiu xydowmiK 

B ie peflKwe MHHyns) b Konqe 60-x - Hanane 70-x 
rofloa, KOrAa, npeoAO/ieBan apocTHbift TpecK coBeTC- 
kmx (crnyujtinoKD. rpawaaHaM CoseTCKoro CoK)3a Bee 
we yAaeanocb ycnbtiuaTb o6pbiBKM eppas us nepeAan 
«PaAno CBo6oAa». ohh crapajiMCb sanoMHMTb xam- 
Aoe npeAnoweHwe, xaJKAoe c^obo. 

£fan u fleopuH 

«rnyLunjiKM» npHAaeann HeKOTopy>o ocTpory M 

OSOCTpflTM BHUMaHUe 3, CK3M<eM TaK, M3 AHHaCTHM 

cnyujaTe^ei^ «PaA«o CB06oAa» Mom nana eme H33bi- 
33 n «myajMJiKK» «A>xa30M HKBfl» b cBoe Bpew« 

]A HeAaBHO s cnyiuan «Pyccxne Bonpocun &opn- 
ca riapaMOHOBa Ha «PaAno CBQ6oAa». m aflpyr— to dm 
AeiiCTBWTejibHO «CBo6oAy» HeMHOMCKOCTannrnyujMTb. 
to jih y MeHfl coceA BtcriKi^nn 3a CTeHOM KaKow-To 
3neKTponpn6op... Ho y veHH pecpnexc cpa6oTan: s 
cpa3y BKHKiMMncH b nepeaany, MmoBeHHo, yu,ent4/ics 
3a cnoao m Hanan ot nero pasMaTwaaTb bckj TeMy 

Muxaun, cnytuamenh PC, Mocnea 



KAPTA- <**%-** 200S 






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155 




*B3G>-2QU> 1970-e aodbi 



Kor^a b 1971 rofly Ha HesaBbiaaeMwx xoHijepTax 
fliOKa SnnvtHrroHa s JleHHHrpafle Ma3CTpo cnerxa xa- 
canca na/ibtiawu KjiaBKw poh/ia h b pHTwe Tpex 
neTBepreiii TonbKO naweKan xeMy «Take The "A* 
Train» CBoeroApyra h KOJUTera-xoMnoaMTopa. apaH- 
wMpoBiuHKa w BToporo nwaHHCTa opKecTpa Bun/in 
CTpewxopna - san wmoBeHHo BapwBancn armoAHc- 
MBHTaMM M 3To6binn artnoflwcMenTbi HeTOJibxo Benw- 
KOMy Maacrpo. ero flpyry v\ 3HaMeHMTOMy n Aonrow- 
AaHHoiwy opKedpy . 3to dWih annoAKCMenTbi v\ ^eno- 
BeKy. KOToporo xopowo 3Hann n nioSMnn AJKasMeHW m 
A«a3cp3Hbi b CCCP. as m bo sceii Espone -aiwepHKaH- 
Liy ywjinwcy KoHOBepy. hmh KOToporo He anaeT n He 
noMHMT Awiepnxa. He 3HaeT m He noMHMT - noTOMy mto 
oh OKono 40 jieT npopaSotan na rocyAapcTBeHHOrt 
paAH0CTaHUMw«ronocAMepnKH»,rAe6eccMeHH0Ben 
nporpaMMy a>k33oboi?i My3bncn, TpaHcnnpoBaBiue^cfl 
Ha Eepony Ee noswBHbiMM w Sbina ribeca Burn* 
CTpewxopHa «Take The «A» Train* b ucno/iHeHHvi 
opKecTpa fltOKa 3/inwnrTOHa. 

HwieHHo 6naroAapn paAHonporpaMMe «ronoca 
AMepMKMw 3Ta nbeca 6bi.no xopoujo M3BecTna Mvtnnw- 
OHaM jno6nTe/ieii A>*a3a bo Bcew EBpone. b tom hhc/ib 
n b CCCP, n b TorAaiuHeM JleHMHrpsAe H mm6hho 
nosTOMy xitoSnTenw nxasa JleHHHrpaAa (Aa n yBepeH, 
htotsx Bbtno v\ a MocxBe, « b MHHCxe. n s PocTOBe, rAe 
nponeran MapwpyT racTponeti opKecTpa S/viUHrro- 
na). y3H3B no nepBbiM TaxTaM xeMy «Take The «A» 
Train», npuBeTCTBOBarm anjioAfciweHTaMH h aiwepw- 
KaHua Yvtnnvica KoHosepa, Aaawero hm CTonbxo 3Ha- 
hmm o A>xa3e nepe3 cboh paAnonporpaMMH 

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p33BjieHeHi4s roAbt b nacneBoeHHOM CCCP. nocne 
ApaKOHOBCKoro nocTaHOBnennH UK BKri(6) 06 onepe 
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HOBCKHX nOCTaHOBDeHUH B 06naCTM WCKyCCTBa MyTb 
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HCKyCCTBa B LUTaTCKOM HCTOHHUKOM HHCpOpMauHtf VI 

6bmw nepeAaMM Vnnnnca KonoBepa - ero aHrjioflSbH- 
Haa nporpaMMa «Time for Jazz» Ka>KAbiii Benep k 
paALionpneMH^KaM npuHHxann twcswm win MWinn- 



ohw JiK>6nTeneii rOHHMoro b CCCP A*a3a, noaw sa- 
npetHbie 3ByKM, 3naxoMflCb c MMeHaMM ncno/iHWTe- 
new KOMnoanTopoB. apaHJKupoetnnKOB n nosHaeafl 

rteBeAOMbtM MMp CBOSOAbl « CBO6OAHOM HMnpOBH3S- 

mmh Bot «aK nuiueT 06 3tom b CBoew KHure «flKa3 ot 
neHnnrpaAa ao rieTep6ypra» MyawKoeeA v\ kpmtmk 
BnaAHMnp OeiJiepTar «MecTHO npusnaiocb. ^to nep- 
Bbie aHMWMCKHe c^oea m tppasw $\ BbiyMM/i SjiaroAapn 
KoHOBepy , flyMaio. ^to KonoBep 6btn ym^Te^eM aHr- 
jiHtfcKoro »3UKa Ana qenoro nokoneHnw n\o5vueneit 
A«a3a». 

...He Mory ne BcnoMHHTb, kbk, SyAynw iuecTn- 
KnaccHUKOM (Hasepnoe. toa 1 950-vi unw 51-Pi). BMecie 
co ctapuiUM npn«TeneM m 9-ro KJiacca n sanwcbiBan 
nepeASHH ynjinnea KoHOBepa Ha KaKyto-To syAOBHtn- 
nyio MarwuTOCpOHHyK) npMCTaBKy, neHTonpoTqjKHbifJ 

MexaHMSM KOTOpOfl npHBOAMnCH B ABMWeHMe OT ceiMn- 

AecdTMBOCbMwo6opoTHoronponrpbiBaTenfi. a sByKMbi 
5panvt Mepe3 mvikpoc{}oh ot ahh3mmk3 npnewH^Ka 
noTOM Mbi MHoroKpaTHO npocnyujHBann sanwcb. nw- 
Tancb noHSTb niweHa MysbiKaHTOB, HaaeaHMA TeM... 

Mon AoSpbie Apy3bo b Can-OpanuHCKO CAena^n 
MHe Heo)«MAaHHbiM noAapoic - 3Ty caMyio n^acrwHKy 
« 1 969 Ail-Star White HouseTnbute to Duke Ellingtons 

HO fV)f{ MeHB B3WHO. MTO BblXOA 3T0V) nnaCTMHKM - 3TO 

He TonbKO AaHb BenMKOMy floKy 3^nMHrroHy m 3ae3- 
AaM y^acTBOBaBiiiWM b 3tom KOHLiepTe 3to eme v\ 
AaHb naMATu yn/uincy KoHOBepy, OAHOMy us Tex, kto 
cbommh paAwonporpaMMawM CAenan orpoMHbi^ BKnaA 
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Ha3bieaeMbi(S coMManncTMMecKUM 6hok H caivioe yAn- 
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BpyMan MeAankt CboSoaw. ho 6oribuJMHCTBO M3 Tex. 
kto CTpeMMJicn k CBo6oAe b Mpa^Hwx 6apaxax coqwa- 
nucTkmecKoro /isrepn. Mepnan« cwnbi b npuBepweH- 
hocth k csoSoAe e ero nporpaMMax m b tom wysbixe, 
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HesaBucuMoti peaKi^weii hs to. hto ohm cnbiiuaT - 

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TaK MMnpOBMSMpOBaTb, XaK WMnpOBMSKpyWT B AW33e. 
Moryr Tonbxo CBo6oAHwe hmdah 

Ha paAnonporpaMMax yunnMca KonoBepa boc- 
nnTbiBanncb BAyxeBHyTpeHneii cboSoaw h HesaencK- 
moctm Hemnbxo M«n/iMOHbi phaobux paAnocnytiiaTe- 
nev). Cnywa/iH yn^/iMca KoHOBepa naiiJH SHaMeHMTbie 
Tenepb fl^aaoBbie MysbtxoaeAbi v\ kpmthkh - BrtaAH- 
Mnp OetiepTar. AnexceM BaTatueB, Apxaavivi fleTpos. 
/leoHHA nepeeepses n MHome Apyrwe B/incTaTerib- 
Hbtw nepeBOA^Hx So^biuoro xonnnecTBa Knur Awa3e, 

M3A3HHb(X B TO HA^OTCKOe BpeMFt B A>Ka30BOM CaMH3- 

AaTe b npoBHHUMa/ibHOM BopoHewe no 5 3K3eMnnfl- 
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d paDOTatomne HUHe Ha Bn-Bn-Cn E<pviM Bap6aH (b 
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l4ocncpa BaviHLUTetiHa. w B6Ayu4n« A^a30Bbix npo- 



v/w*- Kan# arg 



156 



4 KPACHOE KOJ1ECO 



rpaMM Ha paflno «Cso6oaa» Hmwtphw CaBKuKMM 
IIohtm Bee nauivi A*a30Bbie MyawKaHTw cnyujanu stm 
nepBAaMH. aanncbiea/iH wa nneHtcy. «cHMManw». y^w- 
nucb n cranH na ypoBenb. cpaBHMMwM c ypoBHew 
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ko wyabiKanbHOM TexHMKe u MysbwanbHbiM MAe«M 
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inaflKH. B CTyfleHnecKne ayanTopwn v\ aanbi HMH M KB. 
b paA^o m 3ayK03annCbiBaK)mne ctyahm H MMeHHO 
noaioMy TOTannTapHan anacTb Ha MHTy hthbhom . noA- 
kopkobom yposHe HenaBMflejia a>k83, hto y Tmnepa, 
mto y CTanwHa, 4to y BpexHesa 

tOpuu BdoeuH, npaeo3amumHUK 

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-mo BHeujHeM MMpe, m oco6eHHO o co6ctb6hhom 
CTpane. \A mho rue BaxHbie cpaKTbi Hawn rpaxyiaHe 
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Rc9h 3acypcKtiu. 0anynbmem myphanuc- 
muKU Ml~y um. M.B. floMonocoea 

A Hauja ycpuMCKaa <tmyujnnKa». Me>KAy npoHMM, 
Ha Masn. ee moxho b dioSom MOMenT nycTMTb b xoa. 3 
HeflaBHO 6bin b Myaee cbb3m, m SKCKypcosoA c ropAo- 
CTbio noKasan 3AOpoabiii w<ene3Hbin oiuhk m cxaaan 
«Bot oauh m annapaTOB Haweti ctshumm r/iyweHMH. 
OHa y Hac Ha no/iHOM xoAy H ec/iM poflUHa noTpeSyeT. 
to MM BcerAa.. » 

Apxaduu. c/iywame/ib PC. BauiMipun 

Bbtn tskom paAMonpvteMHvw noA Ha3aaHMew 
«ypan». aawe^aienbHtjiM. MSKpacHoro aepeBa. c rpo- 
uaAHbiM flMHaMUKOM. KOTopbiM AaBart BenuKonennbie 
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»S3CD Cnudone-232u 1980-e sodbi 



TeMHo b KBapTMpe. a OTeq cnyuia/i Kwraft, tofab KMTafl 
6bui Bpar Cefinac ero He rnyiuaT. a TorAa rnyuiMnM. 
MoweTe ce6e npeAcrraBWTb: TeMHo b KBapTMpe, h 
Bxoncy b KOMnary (a raM raKan. 3HaeTe. seneHaa naw- 
noMKa-MHAMKaTop 6bina) - m s cnwiiiy stm «rnyujMnKM» 
BM»cy 3Ty naMnoMKy m ocBemeHHoe 3tmm 3enenbiM 
cseTOM AeMOHMMecKoennqo OTLia. M b 3aopan. npocTo 
6btno crpaujHO 

rioroM 6binn roflbi. KorAa n ynwricn c «rnyiiJMnKa- 
mm» 6opoTbcn HanpuMep, s paAwonpneMHMKe «OKe- 
an» mowho 6bino nyrb B/ieeo noBepH/Tb py^Ky Tax 
Ha3biBaeMoro aepHbepHoro yctpOMCTBa - m k3k-to 
«rnytuMriKa» ocTaBanacb, a ro/ioc 3ByNan OTAenbHo. 
Mhm, HanpMMep. hotom Mbi ocbomhh 19 MeTpoe. 13 

MeTDOB - BOT 3TM A^anaSOHbl. B KOTOpblX aCB060Aa» 

pa60Tana H BbMCHMHOCb. mto Taw eiue neme OTCTpa- 
HB3Tbca ot «rnyiuMnoto>. KpOMe toro. MHorAa npoMC- 
xoamim BooSme yfluBMTeribHbte seu4M: «rnyujMfiKa» 
Bflpyr (3to noHdTHO. nocKOnbuy CTaHqMn Beaiana c 
OAHoro MecTa reorpao>wHecKoro. a «rnywwni<a» - c 
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Bceii molum HauuMX o6opOHHbtx nepeAaTMMKOB He xBa- 
Tano A^if Toro, mtoSw sarnyujMTb cookomhwm ronoc 

AMKTOpa. KOTOpblifl HaM paCCKa3blB3JI M o cawoM yAM- 

BMTenbHOM rnymeHHM KOTopoe h KorAa-To cnyiuan 
Bw. HaeepHoe. noMMwre. hto TorAa He paspema/iM 
cnyiuaTb «CBo6oAy» m ee rnyLuwriM. m Henb3n 6btno 
«BMTn3» cnyiuaTb, noMa/iM nnacTMHKM b asponopTy m 
TaK Aanee. eonocw o5pe3artM .. Bbi MoweTe ce6e 
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mytuMJiM MCKaMeHHbiM cnmanoM nnacTMHKM «BwTn3» 
«Abby Road»! 

TopOAAHana, STaMCTyAeHT Bot 1987 toa. H mw 

T3M OTAblxaeM. KaKMe-TO BeA6M AMCKOTeKH M y MeHfl 

TorAa ywe 6bin He npMewiHMK «OKeaH» (oh 6bin 6ortb- 
UiQft), a 6bin tskom paAMonpweMHMK «Poccm«», Towe 
nepeAenaHHwft, 3a 35 py6neft b paAMOMacTepcKOM 
MHe CAenariM AMana30Hw 16. 13 m 11 MeTpoB M n 
«ronoca» cnyujan H bot bw npeACTaBnneTe hcto- 
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cmamm. a cnyujaK) KaKyto-TO MyswKy BAPyr SexHT 
nenoBeK no kpomkb. rAe BOAa. rAe bo/thm. m oper 
«TnyujMnKM' BbiKnKJMMnM'M» BbmcHMiiocb, mo «ro- 
jioc AwepMKM» m Bm-Bm-Gm nepecTann rnyiunTb Bbi 
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CpMflbMe. KOTOpbIM BCeM KPM4MT' ((TnyiUMIlKM" BblKJIKJ- 

MMnM 1 » - m ntOAM c M3yMneHMeM o6opaHMBaroT ronoBbi 
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Mameeu rananonbCKuO, )KypHanucm 

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HenoseK nocMOTpenM Ha MeHfl. m qamh noKpyTMn narib- 
qeM y ronoBbi CoBceM neAaBHO, 6yAy4M b KOMaHAM- 

pOBKe. W nOBTOpMfl 3T0T HOMep B APyroM CTOnOBOVt B 

npoBMHMMartbHOM ropOAe Hmkto na Mens He hocmot- 
pen v\ TonbKO noAaeajtbmMua, KOTopan OTnynMnacb, 
CKaaana «Hy MAy fl. MAy». BpeMeHa MeHflKDTCfl 

BnaduMup Tont>n. ucmopun 



kapta 1 »*4a-t4 joos 



4 TEXHMlOrHH HEMQKPATHH 



1S7 



V»A 



A TRUSTED SOURCE OF NEWS 
AND INFORMATION SINCE 1942 



TeneBM3MOHHbie m paflMO nepeflaMM «ronoca AMepMKH» b 
OTMeHHOM KanecTBe Ha cnyTHMKe «HOTBIRD 3», 13°East 

napaMerpbi HacTpOHKM pecneepa (cnyTHMKOBoro npeMHMKa): 

Freo: 12.226 GHz 

FEC; 3/4 

Signal Polarization: Vertical 

Symbol Rate 27 5 MS/S 

Typical L-band Freq: 1476 MHz 

Local Oscillator (LP) frea: 10.75GHz 

Network ID#1 : H-pol setting to provide 19V to LNB for High Ku-band 

OR 

Network ID#4: V-pol setting to provide 1 3V for polarizer control 

Virtual channel for VOA TV SERVICE: CHANNEL 240 




PAfll/O CBOBDflA 



XpycTanbHO micTbiM ronoc CBo6oAti 
Ha cnyTHMKe «HOTBIRD 3», 13°East 

Tun flocryna: OTupbiTbiM 

riapaMeTpbi HacTpoiiKH pecHBepa 

Freq 12 226 

FEC- 3/4 

Signal Polarization Vertical 

Symbol Rate. 27 50 MS/S 

Video & PCR PIP: HB 1-84260, HB9-284360 





RFG/RL 






0QHrlUSSIAN.com 



TpaflMUHOHHo KanecTBeHHan MHcpopMaijMH a 

nepBOiuiaccHOM 3BynaHMM - 

Em-Em-Ch Ha cnyTHMKe «HOTBIRD 6», 13°East 

Tun aocryna: oTKpwTbi^ 

napaMerpbi HacTpoMKM pecuBepa 
Frea 11.131 GHz 
FEC 3/4 

Signal Polarization Vertical 
Symbol Rate: 5.532 MS/S 
Video & PCR PIP: 357 



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Ka M3 6eflHblX ABOpHH, Hx Spate Mor npOH30MTH (H 

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neHMfl Ona He pas MHe TBepflKJia. «nepeCTaHb 

3THM 3aHMMaTbCfl! MTO Tbl npOTHB BJiaCTeM 

HAeiub?» Unw Tax: «Moti OTeq roaopun, hto v\ y 
ct6h SbiBaroT ywn» 3xo ee ToraaujHHH dpax 
Boo6me. ona Gbi/ia y6e>t<AeHa, hto «neT B/iacTH. 
Kpon/ie Kax ot Bora», 

- ^mo anacmb - 3mo cenmoe? 

- fla. OHa M6HA b 60-x yxopfljia: «Te6e BpeacneB 
He Hpasuncfl. MepHenxo ne HpaBvmcR, AHaponoa He 
HpaBHJicn Tenepb re6e ropoanee He HpaBnTca!» 

- 3mo ucKpenne? 

- McKpenHe MaTb paccxasbiBajia. xax b 1953 
rony 6a6yiiiKa, y3HaB o CMep™ CTariMHa, nnanana n 
rOBOpuna: «Hnna, ksk mw Tenepb WMTb-TO 6yAeM?» A 
aeflb b Haiuew ceMbe AOCTanocb oneHb mhoi-mm. fleay 
eme nose3Jio: ero asawabi OTnpaBnnnn b ccwnxy w 
xaMcflbivi pas «BOBpeMa». nepsbiw pa3 b 1 929 roay - n 
oh ne nonaji noApenpeccnn 31-32 roaoB. BtopoPi pa3 
B KOHLie 35-ro - w oh He nonan nofl 37-38 roabi 
«OTcnAe/iCfl» b ccbinKe. 

- BepHyncp? 

- BepHyncn u yMep b co6cTaeHHOM nocTenw. A b 
ApxanrenbCKe paseencn c 6a6yiuKofi. Oo>MMna/ibHO 




' BenocunedHbie eoucxa ucnontf3oeanacb a amou eodHe c 
oQeux cmopQH. ©parnjus Benttsuti u repMamia wupoxo 
npuMGHftnu eenonexomy e waya/JbHbiu nepuod boOhm 
Poccun maxxe ucnoribso&ana eenocunedbi. cxavana ja- 
py6ex<nbie, a c 1916 zoda u co6cmee»uo$o npouseodcmea 
(nJJyKC-QoeeoQa) 



- *-tmo6bt ee ne mpoaanu? 

-fla. Ohm Tan v\ npownnn sera >KM3Hb BMecTe. ho 
b pa3B0fle. Ba6yiuKHHa cecTpa. Te™ Tohh. Bbiiuna 
3aMy)« 3a BHyxa fleKa6pncTa, nenoBeKa M3 oneHb npo- 
rpeccuBHOM. nuBeparibHOM ceMbM eme qapCKnx spe- 
MeH. noMHUTe poMaH Bepecaesa «B TynnKeM 7 TaM 
onHCbiBaeTcn Taxan nnSepanbHan nHTennnreHLikia 
«Mbi )KAanM peBonraMHio, xaK HeBecTy. hto ona npwAeT 
Ben b SenoM. a BMeCTo Hee noaBMricn rpa3Hb(ft, nbfl- 
Hbiw MaTpoc» Oh 6wn «3T0i!l CeMbM, b KOTopoii peBO- 
nrauura »<Aann, xaK HeeecTy 

rto ceMe^HbiM npeaaHMflM, nocne peBonraqnw oh 
cpa3y nepeflan CoseTaM cbow 3aB0AHK, xoTopbiw y 
Hero 6bin nop TynoiS- Pa6onne 6bijin ropoii 3a wero, 3a 
xopowero xo3nnHa BnacTH Aa>Ke ew^a/in eMy Snaro- 
AapcTBeHHoe nucbwo. a ero caMoro ocTaBH^M flMpex- 
topom 3aBoaa Tenepb 3to nucbMo. HaBepHoe. xpa- 
HUTCfl b KaKOM-To H3 yrojiOBHbtx Aen noTOMy hto ero 
Tpn>KAbi apecTOBbiBann n, b KOHMe KonqoB, paccTpe- 
nnjiM. 

FlocneTpeTbero apecTaTeTflToHd noiuna b HKBfl. 
HTo6w cnpocwTb. rAe MyjK. - «fAe HaAO. Cham m He 
pbinaiicfl». OHa Sbina weHiunHa oneHb Soeaafl. npo- 
flonwana nowcKM. B pe3yribTaTe ee T0*e apecTOBann 
h ocyflMn n - to n « xax 0paHMy 3CKy ra . to nvt xaK anrnm- 






KAPTA' MB 43-44 2005 



4 nOPTPET 



159 



CKyio LunvroHKy. OHaTaKvtHesanoMHwna, Hbew uinnoH- 
kom 6bma, 

Ona we nwSwna paccKa3bieaTb 06 stom. ho r 
noMHK) OflHy HCTOpMio. B HKBfl ee He 6nnn, wenim-ma 
Bce-raKM. npocro KopMwnw coneHWM w He AaBanH 
nuTb. OflHOKaMepHULibi Hay^wjivi ee: Korfla ewsbisanH 
Ha flonpoc. ona npocwnacb b TyaneT. a TaM, b ynpaB- 
nenMH. 6bin yHHtaa. He napawa OHa cnycKana BO#y h 
ntina us yHtiTaaa KaKoe-To Bpeivm npOflepjKanacb. 

riOMHIO eme OAMH 3nW30A. KOTQpblH OTHOCHTCfl 

ywe k xonqy 60-x tinn Hanany 70-x roflOB. y Tern Tohm 
b nacnopTe, b rpacpe «Ha ocHoaaHMH KaKoroflOKyMeH- 
Ta bwa3h» 6bino aanncaHo: «Ha ocHoeaHiin cnpasKH 

06 0CB060>KAeHMH». K H8M flBHHUCb flBe WeHLlJMHbl. 

oflHa b MmiMtieiiCKOM cpopMe. flpyrans ujTaTCKOM Ohh 
nprnunw k reje ToHe, y hmx own flojimrt pa3roBop. 
■Tlocne nero re™ Tons - npeACTasbTe, weHujiiHa ona 
ManeHbKaH, MHe HM»ce nnena 6bina, xyfleHbraa. a 
reiKM aflopoBbie, - noflxoflMT k fleepnM, pacnaxHBaer 
nx, yKasbiBaeT nanbqeM w roBopwr «yxofltiTe. MHe He 
CTbiflHO. nycTb Bau SyaeT cTWflHO!» TaK \a yiuepna c 
«3eKOBCtcnM» nacnopTOM. 

- 3aveto ohu npuxodunu? 

- l~lbiTa/iucb yroBOpmb oSMeHSTb nacnopT Ha 
HOBwiii, 6e3 3artncn cnpaBKe 06 ocBo6ox<fleHMM. 

- W MHOaue e meoeu ceMt>e 4epe3 manoe npo 
tunu? 

-Jia, m flnflfl S\em, n tcth Tawiapa. CoBeTCKaa 
BnacTb oneHb 300eKTMBHo «nopa6oTana». Ma Moeft 
MarytuKM OHa cAenana nenoeeKa, KOTopbiti yf3e>KAeH, 
hto acflKaFi BnacTb no onpefle^eHMK) He iwoweT nocry- 
riMTb HenpaBHflbHo M niorjoii, kto BworynaeT npoTWB 
BnacTH. BbictynaeT npoTWB cTpaHW.,. 

TOAbl IOHOCTH 

- B npoumOM XH3HH a 6wn flMMTpweM KpaioxM- 
kwm b o^enb MHomx MnocTacnx. He/iaBHO Ha oahom 
TpeHMHre ynacTHWKOB onpawHBanw - kto, OTKyfla, Kor- 
fla HaMan aaHUMaTbcn oSmecTBeHHOw flenTeribHOc- 

TbKJ. BbWCHMnOCb. HTO fl CaMWM CTapeHbKM«. 

- He cmapenbKuQ, a onbimHbiu... 

- Hy. xopowo, caMwtf onbiTHeHbKHM.,. KaK Bee 
HamiHa/iocb? B 1974 rofly npn MonoflOKHOii ra3eTe 
«OpnoBCKMM KOMCOMoneu» B03HHKna neKafl Hecpop- 
Ma^bHan MO/ioAe>KHas rpynna «Be>«MH nyr». flnn Tex, 
kto He MWTaeT Knacc«Kos-3To no paccKasawi TypreHe- 
Ba, Hawero BenMKoro 3eMn«Ka TonbKo, paflw Bora, He 
cnpaujMBaMTe. nonewiy «BewnHnyr» Hy, HaatJBanacb 
nauia rpynna TaK. 

- Xopomo eu/e, vmo ne «MyMy». linu U3 dpy- 
soeo nnacctma - «Ha dwe» . , . 

- «Ha flne» - arc He Hame Bot ecnn bu JlecKOBa 
B03bMeTe. Tawi mowho Taxwe HaaBaHun OTbicKaTb ... 
DaflHo TaK y« nonyminocb, hto «B6>khh nyr» cran 
Moeii nepBoti BCTpeneii c cwcTeMow, nepawM MHaSw- 

B3HHeM UJMtueK». 

- Tbi mozda xodun etue e rwoHepcxoM eancmy- 
m? 

- HeT, MHe BTy nopyflBaflqaTb roflMKOBCTyKHyno. 
yHwicn b MaujuHOCTpoHTe/ibHOM. FlbtTancn CTaTb 



cneuwariMCTOM, hto6n npn6opbi CTponTb. Hy a Me>Kfly 
AenoM - 3tot caMbifi MonoAe>KHwii Kny5 Pa3BneKa- 
nucb. BannnM flypaxa, nwca/iM ctmxw, napOAww. 

- Koao napodupoeanu? 

- HawMX opnoBCKMX no3TOB. Motf npwnTenb Mann- 
can uenwi^ mm mi napoAnw nofl nceBAOHMMOM «nnujaM 
CTpnryu4Mii». Oaho CTMxoTBOpeHiie 6wno nocBfiiAeHO 
Heicoti CTapyxe; «CTapyxa cnenasi. ropSaTan, m hoc 
KprowKOBaTbtiS, 6onbLuo« Ka3anocb 6w. BeAbMa npo- 
KnsrraH, ho BeAbMa c npeicpacHOM Ay^o^. . » A aaKaH- 

SMBanOCb T3K: «HeA3BH0 OTnHHHbIM TpaH3MCT0p0M 

CTapyxyKonxo3HarpaAnn». BAyxeTorOBpeMeHM. KaK 
hm cTpaHHO, KrBiUHkiKM 3aMHTepecoBanncb Haujefi 
rpynnoii. 

- Tbi mo-we nucan cmuxu? 

- H Towe nucan. , Mbi 6unn MonoAbie, He 33Ay- 
MWBanidCb o rpaHHuax. OAHa fleBMOHKa. Onbra. nwca- 
na pOMaH «Ecnn 6bt HHnero He 6bino». CioweT oneHb 
npocTofi: ropoA Open, 1974 roA. Hawa KOMnaHMn. 
EAHHCTBeHHoe, 4ero He Bbino - Benvtravl OKTnBpbc- 
KOvt coMwanncTHMecKOii peeoniOMvtH. Byp>Kya3Hoe 06- 
oiecTBO, a Mbi - KOMnaHMA xiinnw. Ona nwcana oneHb 
MHTepecHo Aaeana «BBOAHbte CMTyai4H«», m K3)KAbiCi 

nO BO3M0>KHOCTW MeCTHO TOBOpHn, KaK 6bl OH B 3T0H 

CHTyamiM ce6n noaen. TaKHM o6pa30M. KawAbiti H3 
Hac b KaKOM-TO Mepe 6un coaBTopoM. Ka>«Ab(H npmiy- 
MbiBan, KaKMM oh 6bin 6w e stom KonoHMM xwnnn y 
Menn.noMHio, 5binaKnnHKa«nacTop». HnKTOHe3Han, 
OTKyAa fl B3nncfl. Fl 3aHHMancn TeM, hto npoAasan 
UBeTbi, CBepnyTbie ws 6yMarn. CBopaMwean npnMo na 
ma3ax 3aKa34HKOB 

B Haiueii KOMnaHwvt - He tqi*. cpaHTOMHOM, a 
peaxibHoii - 6bin napenb no nposeumy «MeKHCT». Oh 
Me^Tan paSoTaTb b KrB. fla. 6biBann y MonoAwx 
niOAe« TaKwe MeMTbi! MMTan BCSKyro Ape6eAeHb o 
MeKMcrax, AeTeKTKBbi. TorAa rowe 6wnn AeTeimiBbi, 
He MeHee epeAoawe. MeM ceiiHac, M bot em saSpann 
b apMHKj. Oh rwiueT csoew noflpyre, Mon. HeAaeno 
npo4krran b >KypHane «OroH6K» BemiKonenHbiH poMaH 
«BHe wrpbi», rAe onenb WHTepecwo paccKaawBaeTca o 
AeffrenbHocTM waujux «opraHOB» UpKa AOCTaeT noa- 
wMBKy jKypHanoB. mn Bee Ha^wnaeM 4*TaTb vt, necTHO 
roBopn. ofJanAeeaeM 1 POMaH HanMHaeTCfl raw. npn6e- 
raeT b KrB B3sonHOBaHHan TenerpaoJ)ncTKa m roeo- 
pHT: «3HaeTe, TonbKo mto mhb nprnuna TenerpaMMa, 
ee HyjKHOAOCTaBMTb. a a 6otocb!» TeKCTTaKow: «^bkm 
npoeaneHbi. CpOMHo xoBavi wrpyiuKM b oropoAe Tbow 
Mm>kmk». 

Mw peujunti npOBepwTb: hto 6yAeT, ecnw p,eft- 
CTBMTenbHo OTnpaBMTb TaKyio TenerpawiMy? O0opM- 
naeM KpacwBO. npeACTasbTe ce6e: HOMb, nonoBMHa 
ABeHaAuaToro. noHtaMT. BxoflflT nnTb nenoBex. flBoe 
3aMMpa«3T b flsepsx, paccTasuB ujupOKO Horn v\ 3ano- 
jkhb pyKn 3a cnwHy. Tpoe noAxOAf t k OKOiueHKy Tene- 
rpao>ncTKU. fl na rna3ax TenerpacpMCTKM HaAeBaio 
nepnaTKM, 5epy 6naHK v\ nmuy nenaTHbiMM 6yKeaMn: 
«Sbkm npOBanenbi. Cpohho xOBaSiTe MrpyuiKM. Heep 
(Xunn), rin)KOHKa, nacTop». 

noAXOAMM k Tenerpa0ncTKe, ona fjepeT Tene- 
rpaMMy. HaHMHaeT HUTaTb v\ MeHsieTcs b nni4e. 



***** karta org 



til 



4 nOPTPET 



- Hto 3Aecb HanwcaHO? 

Fl o6tflCHfiior ropoA Open. ynwLia Kc-McoMODbc- 

Ka«... 

- 3to h noHMMaio A bot flant.iije'' «3bkh npoea- 
neHW cpOHHO xcmafrre wrpywKH . » Mto sto SHanur? 

- Hy. KaK mto. Abki-i npoBaneHbi. HaAO npHTans 

Opy)KMe. paA^OCTaHUMK), WHCppbl m koaw 

flnwHHaR nay3a. hotom oHa roBopwT 

- fl He 6yAy npMMWMaTb taKyto TenerpaMMy. 

- XopOLtio, - roBOpro fl , - f\avrtB )Kano6Hyio KHMry 
-ToribKO. ecnw cTapwasi paspeumT. 

- Xopooio. flasatiTe cTapwyw. 

-Re* ce^tnac noKaxcy, - roBopm OHa m yxoA«T. 
Mw ctomm, xweiw. 

- Heyxenu, manoe mosho 6btrrtb? 

- Hy. pe6HTa. 3to we coBeTcxwe BpeMeHa! Ao6- 
pwe. trrapbie coeeTCKne BpeMeHa, 1974 rOA npoBHH- 
Liwfi. Hawi 6bmo no ABafluaxb neT. Mbi Bananw AypaKa, 
pa3BneKanwcb Mbi 6birm yBepeHbi. mto Hac TyT me 
«3aMeTyT». nosTOwiy y MpKW B KapMane 6bin >Kypnan- 
nOKa33Tb, MTO Mbi npocTO-Hanpocro npOBOAMHH 3KC- 

nepMMeHT, xOTenii pa3o6naMHTb nnoxwx nwcaTenetf. 

B KOHMe kohliob, TeTeHb«a npw6eraeT nasafl n 
rOBOpuT: «CeviMac, noAOWAMTe!» TyT y nee sbomht 
TenecpOH, OHa cHUMaeT Tpy6t<y «Aa A3- H8T™ 
HeT. . flBoe napHew. OA«a AeByiiwa. Hex. pycCKne, 
pyccKne Xopoiuo» Cmaut c Tpy6K0ii orono yxa H 
BHUNiaTenbHO cmotpkit na Asepb fl rosopso peSaraM: 
wCe^Mac nac SyAyr SpaTb». K naweMy 6onbiuoMy 
yAMBJieHwio «6paTb» Hac He cTann Boneeuiro. Tene- 
rpawiMy Onbre AOCTaBunu. npaBAa, Mbi yMyAPHnweb. 
KorAa nncaiiM aApec, CAeiaTb Aee oujm6kh: nepeBpa- 
nn oAHOBpeiweHHO HOMep KBapTwpw v\ tpaMtinnio aA- 
pecaTa. TeM He MeHee. TenerpaMMy AocraBHJiti. npaB- 
Aa nepea 12 Macos nocne oTnpaBKvi. 

H bot npeACTaBbTe: yTpo. b KBaprupe y Onbrw 
ps3AaeTcn 3bohok. ee MaxyniKa oncpbisaeT A^epb. a 
TaM ctout MonoAOfi MenoeeK. kotopuh npeACTaenfleT- 
cn arrpyAHHKOM mh^mliiih. Oh uersbiii Mac Aonpaiun- 
BaeT OnbrMHy MaryiuKy , icro Taiwan Onbra, mto y nee 3a 
Apy3bR, neiw aaHMMaioTCfl. MaTb HMMero He mowct 
noHHTb. A AHew nepe3 HeCKonbKO MacOB AOCTaBrtfiiOT 
3Ty TenerpaMMy. Mbi noTOM uenbiw Mecau He luiornn k 
Onbre aomok noKasaTbcn ... noKa rneB MaTywKH ne 

OCTbin... 

- 7"e0n 3a 3my uiymKy nuxmo we mponyn 7 

- Toraa - HeT Ho. paayweeTcn. 3TO ne Morno 
npofi™ He3aMeMeHHWM. B 74-m roAy na npasAHHKci, b 
fleHb CoBeTCKoiS Kohctwymuh. fl noexan b MocKBy. 
(IpoCTO Tax, k npMflrenbHMMe s roc™. B 3to BpeMn ko 
Mne AOMoti npuxoAMT HaManbHMK 5 OTAena naiuero 
KrB, TOBapMtA Cano>KHWKOB, Oh coo6innn Moeii Ma- 
TyniKe, mto a - hm SonbLue hm MeHbiue - noexan 
AeneraTOM ot Opna k CaxapoBy, Ha AeMOHCTpamiKi 
KoMMTeTa 6opb6w aa npaBa Menc-Bena b Cobbtckom 
Come 2 . 

Maiwa Sbina b naHMKe, C Toro BpeMenn wac na^a- 
m, xax a noHMMaio. «pa3pa6aTbiBaTb» MecTHO tobo- 
pn, He 3Haio. noMeMy He Aepranw Mens To fin «na 
aaKycKy» ocTaBM/in, to nv\ (cefiMac ce6e nonbmy) pe- 
iiJMnn, mto «He nepcneKTHBHbift». A Ha Apyn* x 6bino 
AasneHne 



OAHOro H3 pe6nT nana, SbiBiunii nepsbiii ceKpe- 
Tapb ropKOMa. oTnpaBun b apMMio, ot rpexa noAanb- 
uje. Ho m TaM, b apMHu. ero AonpawwBan «oco6hct» 
3tot npoTOKon npwcnanM b Open v\ noKa3biaa/iM HaM: 
«CMOTpnTe, mto (Opxa npo Bac roBOpnn». 

Moti npuflxenb -tot, KOTopbifi nucan noA nceBAO- 
humom «JlwujaM CTpnrymnM». p&n MHe MaiunHonnc- 

HblVI c6opHWMeK CBOMX CTHXOB. ilOTOM 3ailieri, HT06bl 

aa6paTb Ha3aA- S OTAan eMy cthxh, m noexanw mw 
BMecTe, KaK 3T0 y Hac Ha3WBaeTCH, «b ropoA» {" t<WBy 
Ha 0Kpa«He) Oh roBOpvtT, won, noiiAy b Coi03 nwcaTe- 
neii. A n co6pancn b 6n6nwoTeKy riOAxowy k 6vt6ni40- 
TeKe m BUKy - caHMTapHbiih Aenb. Hy naAHO, AyMaio. 
ceiiMac CauiKy aotohio, BMecre b Coioa nwcaTenew 
3ai4AeM. CMOTpw usAanexa - LuaraeT, ne omaAwsa- 
acb, mhmo Coioaa nepeAywan"? 0$. BeAb oh cefiMac 
npoiiAeT pflAO" C KrB, a MHe TaKan xoxwia b ronoBy 
nprnuna, Hy npocTO yKaTaitxa 1 CeviHac oh nopaaHjieT- 
ch c KrB. a ero acohk) cssah. npBMO nepeA Aeepbto 
xnonny no nne^y n cKasKy CTporo ((npoMAeMTe 1 ». 8ot 
6yAeTBeceno' 

fl noA6npaK)Cb k HeMy, oh ywe nopaBHBncn c 
Aaepbio.. TonbKO s noAHfln pyKy. mtoSw xnonHyrbero 
no nneMy n CKasaTb: «npo«AeMTe!». K3K oh bxoamt b 
3Ty caMyto Asepb. Ha caiwoM nopore ornnnyncfl 3 
nepBbiii pas yBHAen. KaK MenoBeK no-HacTo^meMy 
no6eneri. 

CoBepuieHHO 5enoe nnuo. v\ oahumm ry6aMW 
«yxoA«. yxoflM... noTOM Bee o6bflCHio, yxoAM, yxo- 
fln!» 3to 6bin wok KoneMHO. n HaiuMM peSnTaM pac- 
CKasan 06 stom. MHtepeCHO. KaK hotom roBOpnn Caiu- 
Ka, eMy 3TO noMOrno. Ero Bep6oeann, nwrannCb mc- 
nonb30BaTb A oh hm CK33an: «Becnone3HO MeHa 

TOHbKO MTO BMA6J1 KpatOXHH, OH C006mHT BCeM» 

- Om hbso omgfi3anucb ? 

- fla npasAa. y Hero «naKpbinacb» crawnpoBKa. 
Oh yMHncn Ha nocneAHeM Kypce. 6bin nyMUJHM Ero 

TeMa - HCTOPMH COBeTCKO-anmHMCKHX OTHOLUeHHVI 

Ero co6npanncb nocnarb b AnrnMio. Ho stot 3n«30A. 
o kotopom a paccKaabiBan. ece nory6nn. 

- KaK y aac c hum nomoM cnoxunucb omHOwe- 

HUfl? 

- Cettnac oh pa6oTaeT b MocKBe, b aKaAeMMMec- 

KOM MHCTHTyTe. flOqeHT. K3K0e-T0 BpeMFl HHKaKKX OT- 

HomeHHM He 6wno. ToribKO noTOM, neT nepe3 AecnTb- 
n«THaAuaTb, y Hac 6bin paaroeop 060 BceM - b tom 
MHcne m 06 3tom. Oh CKasan, mto 6naroAapeH MHe, 
noTOMy mto hmehho 3tot cnyMaH noMeiuan ero aaBep- 
6osaTb. Ho — sTOTcnyMaiiero «cnoMan». npHMeM, ne 

pa30BO — «n0 3KM3HM». 

- A imo dpyzue pe6sma? 

- HaManacb naHktxa HanpwMep. 1/lpKa - y nee 
6binn a>0TOKonnn BeHHMKii EpocpeeBa «Mockb3 - 
neTyiuKH» 3 . OHa noriHOMn *ma cpororpacpHM. npeA- 



« MMeemcn e audy KQMumem npae venoeQKa e CCCP. 
co3dannhiQ o Mocxee e nozdpe 1970 3 06hum U3 ochobs- 
meneu KoMumema Gun anadeuuH Aff Caxapoe. EmeaoC- 
ho 5 de«a6pn e dent> Coeemcxod Koncmumyttuu Komime- 
moM na nywKUHCxou nnomadu e Mocnee npoeodunacb 
deMOHcmpauvx Kouumema — Komopan psayMeemcw. 
neps3 mpu-nftmb Munym pa3sonstnacb K(~& 



KAPTA' l*^3-" 200S 






4 nflPTPET 



161 



daBbTe ce6e. nfrrwcaHTMMeTpoByio nanKy cfoTorpa- 
cpni* cwenb b flyxoBKe raaosotf nnwTw! y MeHR 6binw 
MMKpo<t)tinbMbi H hx nonojKWJi b Santcy H3-nofl Maiio- 
Heaa. saKpbm nonn3TnneHOBOH KpbiWKOw, nnoTHo o5- 
motsji w3oneHToii waapbin b napsceflsopua nnoHepoB 
Kcra™. b AByxcrax iweipax or 3AaHnn KrB. nofl KycTa- 
mh cwpeHu 

- HOVbK)?.. 

- rt03flHO BenepoM. 

- nomoM ompbtn? Ohu u,enu? 

- (CMeercn) fla' 

KpatoxwH h KI1CC 

- Cewnac moaho roBopwrb, mod, eme c winafleH- 
4ecTBa Bbtcxynan npoTMB 3TOro caiworo HeHasncTHOro 
coBeTCKoro cto« HeT. He Bbicrynan s c M/iafleHMe- 

CTB3 npOTMB «HeHaBWCTHOro COBeTCK0rO» KOHeHHO, R 

3Han, hto s MocKBe ecTb t3ko# Caxapos, BpoAe 6w 
ujyMMT Hero- to, MMorfla flawe no fleny ujyMMT. KaKwe- 
to nereHflbi npo Hero xoawjiw b Hawetf npOBHHqnn. 
KoHeHHO. Mb( cnywanM «l~onoc AMepv\m», PaAMO 
«CBo6oAa». «HeM6MKyio BonHy» KaK TorAa roBopM- 
nti. «hto TBopwTCft Ha PycK - yaHaeM no &tn-6w-cn»' ! 
Ho fl ne 6bin A^CCMAeHTOM BnponeM. wMeHHOTorAa n 
no3HaKQMwncfl c caMn3aaTOM. Sonbiue c nwTeparyp- 

HblM, HeM C nOJIWTLIHeCKMM 

- C H6M UMBHHO? 

- y iweHA MHoro Btero 6bmo B tom we ceMbAecHT 
setBepTOM co6cTaeHHopy4HQ nepenenaran «MocKBa 
- neiyiuKHB 

B OAHOM H3 AaBHMX HHTepBbK). Tfie-TO B TOAy 
AeBHHOCTO MeTBepTOM. R Bbipa3mi onaroAapHOCTb 
coTpyAHHKaM OpnoBCKoro ynpaenenMR KrB n jiwmho 
TOBapHmy CanowHUKOBy 3a to, hto r ct3/i TeM. Keiw h 
cran. MMeHHo onarpqapR eMy - totob noBTopwn, sto 
cei/inac - a 3aAyMancfl H3A curya qwew . n paBAa , nenu- 

CTb! MeHfl yKOpH/lH: «flMMTpMM AneKCaHApOBMH. Hy 

aaneM bw Tan - ? Oh seAfe Ha neHCHH yxce». A h AertcTBH- 
reribHo CHHT3K), hto MMeHHO SnaroAapfl TorflauiHei* 
AypaqKow, HeyicnK}«eM paSoTe KrB r cTan np3B03a- 

LUHTHMKOM 

- Ho eedb mosda ohu meOfi ne apecmoebteanu? 
flomoM Henpuftmnocmu om mux 6btnu? 

- 5\ 6nji 3ByKope»tnccepoM o6nacTHoro Apaiwa- 
TWMecKoro TeaTpa. 3apnnaTa - cto pySnew b iwecRLi 
HaAoeno, noAar? aaflB/ieHwe 06 yxoAe. MeHfl Bbi3ean 
AnpeicTop m CKa3an: «flaeaMTe tsk' 6yAeTe 3aHWMaTb- 
ca peMOHTOM annapaTypbi, noBbiCHM sapnnary ao 1 20 
pyfinew ..» fl ctca3a/i «cnacn6o». noBepny^cp w no- 
men npocTbiM coeeTCKUM paSoHMM na 3aBOfl, rAe 
nioAn nonynanw 260 pySnefi. 

- V\ KeM mbi paGoman wa 3aeode 7 

- BpuraAnpoM rpynnw oxpanHO-noKapHOii cwr- 
Ha/iH3ai4Mn, 3asoA 6bin «pe?«MMHbiM». Aerta/i ecRKyro 
aneKTpoHUKy. HyweH 6t>sr\ AonycK. CKa3ann. hto ko 
MHe ecTb KaKne-TO npereH3MM y KPB 9\. 6yAy^n qeno- 
eeKOM npocTbiM vt HenocpeACTBeHHbiM, noujeri b KrB 
paa6wpaTbCR. no6eceAoaan c CanowHMKOBbiM, koto- 
pbiti 3aRBn/i, 4Toy KrB ko MHe hmk3khx npeTensMii HeT. 
rtocne nero, AeiicTBHTenbHo. Menu b3rjim Ha paScrry. 
Hepea Tpw ahr oc&opmhjih. a ao 3Toro no^TW Mecnq 
Myconnnn! 



B to speMR r y>Ke Kpenra 3aAywbiBancR naA lewi. 
hto ecTb naujeo6iiiecTBO SanHTepecoaancn ncropki- 
ev\ CTpaHbi. HT06bi noHATb, R nanan HMTaTb KaK nona- 
ranocb no TpaAMMMw, JleHkiHa. McKan peAKtie warepn- 
a/ibi vi HaxoflHn. OAnajKAbi mhs b ropKOMe KHCC 
CKaaanw. hto r MAeonorwHecKH ne Bnonne abiflepwaH. 

- <4mo 3a npemen3uu k me6e 6unu y aopKOMa 
KHCC? 

- K CBoew n03nqn« r npHiueJi nepe3 KaHAMAaT- 
CT8Q b Kncc. nocne roro, k3k Muxann Cepreesun 
3anBnn o AeMOKpaTH3ai4nn. rnacHoc™. ycKopennn w 
raK Aanee, r (KaK v> oqeHb MHorne) socnpwHRn 3tm 
3aRBneHHR iok BO3MoxH0CTb nsMeHnib o6mecTso B 
tot nepwoA eflMHCTBeHHOki peanbHoti cunow 6bina 
KrtCC M fl noAan 3aflBJieHne o BcrynneHMH b napTHio. 
KciatH, KpacwBoe 3aRBneHiie Hanwcart. (CweeTCR) 

- To ecrnb? 

~ B 1 903 roAy 6btna AUCKyccwR Me>KAy MapTOBbtM 
n JleHHHbiM no ycTaBy napTMM* MapTOB roaopiin, hto 
HjieHOM napTHM AonweH 5btTb nenoBeK, KOTOpbtti npo- 
cto noAAepwviBaeT napTiiro. a JleHMH roB0pnn o tom. 
hto AoraceH 6btTb tot. kto pa6oiaeT b napTnw 14 bot, 
» xoTen 6bi pa6oTaTb — TaK v\ b 3aRBneHnw nan wean' 
flecKaTb, xoTen 6bi BMecTe c napTHew MeHRTb o6me- 
ctbo. 9\ ne span, v\ mokj necTHocTb oqeHMnii. 3aRBne- 
Hde OTAann b pawraM e KanecTBe o6pa3L|a. 

- BdoxHoeuncz mbi MapmoebiM 

- HeT. R JleHMHbiM BAOxHOBuncn. Ecnn m 6w 
MapTOBbiM. Mens cpa3y 6bi nctcnwHu/iM, 

- Tbi ecman na cmopony flemjHa e ducKyccuu c 
MapmoebiM 

-fla XoAMn r KaHAWaTOM noHTM nonTopa roAa 
BooSme-TO no ycTaBy nepea toa MeHR Aon>KHbi 6bmn 
nn6o npuHATb, nn6o ne npyiHUMatb b nneHbi napTnn 
Ho ncmiOHaTb 6wno He sa hto. a npnHMMaTb-6ofl3Ho 

E3Ann r KaK-To b ropoA Bonxoe (ecTb Takow 

TOpOAOK B OpnOBCKOii OBnaCTH. pOBeCHMK M0CKBbl. 

1147 roAa po)KAeHMfl) TaM orpoMHoe KonnnecTBo 
MepKBeii, Bee BywacHOMcocTORHUM a (poTorpacpwpo- 
Ban hx. Ha oahom chmmkc noiuaAW, npexwe neM bomtm 
b nonypa3pyweHHbiki xpaM, saAyMHHBO pa3rriRAbiBa- 
K3T paaSnTyro BbiBecKy o tom, hto sto naMnTHMK mcto- 
PMM. oxpaHReMHti rocyAapCTaoM. fl BepHynca BOpen, 



' ri03Ma Beneduxma Epott>eeea HanucanHap e 1970 Body 
u cmaBwan Knaccuxou coeemexoeo andepapaynda. flpu 
coeemcxoM pexuMa pacnpocmpaHftnacb mo/ibno e csmus- 
dame. Konupoaafibubie msu/uhw e CCCP etue ne noxgu- 
nucb. no3moMy caMusdam 06 wwo mupaxupoeancn na 
nuwymux MatuuHKax. MHoada cmpamiu,bi nepecHuuanu c 
nououtbio (pomoannapama. 8 tiHmepabiopevb udem uMe«- 
kd o maxux (pomocHUMxax npouseedeMun Epocpeesa 
' 3anadHbie paduocmaHtfuu. Komopbie e&nu nepadatu na 
pyccKOM f)3t>me B anoxy moma/iMOBO mHmpoiw »ad 
uH<popMauoeu a»ympu CCCP 3mu paduocmannuu ss/w- 
nucb dm coeemexux apamdaH odMOu tt3 neuHosux eoa- 
Momnocme0 nonyvumb Hoaocmu us-3a txepaamao sana- 
eecas 

'■ iOnuQ Mapmoe (1873-1923) - u36ecmHbiu couoan-de- 
MOKpam u ny6numjcm. ffucKyccua c flenuHbiM cocmoR- 
nacb wa // cbeide PCMPH. 



gtrtvw karta org 



162 



4 nOPTPET 



nprnuen b OBtuecTso oxpaHbi naMflTHMtcos. roBOpKi. 
AaBaMTe htq-to CflenaeM 1 Ohm nocMOTpenn Ha cpoto- 
rpatpuro, OTBenaioT: p,a. Bbt npasbi, Aocxa ctomt 300 
py6neM, Haflo 6w noMeHsm> 

- He waflo, - roBopto fl mm. - flaaafrre Ha stm 
fleHbrM Kynniui oSbNHbtx. flepeBfiHHbix flocoK' fl co6e- 
py HecKO^bKO nenoBeK, noeaeivi Tyaa. xotb 6bi 3a5beM 
bxoa m oKHa, HToSfai nowaAM He aaxoflMnn b xpaM A 
Aocxy. . 3 roTos caw h3wtw nwcr wenesa m HanwcaTb 
Ha neM, mto 3to naMRTHMK MCTopwM, m npin6wTb ero. 

- Hei. - cioaariM MHe, - na oQbWHbie aockm fiener 
Hety Edb TOJibKO Ha MpaMopHyio, Ho 3to xopowo. 
mto Bbi npeAf araeTe noMOiAb EcTb Tatfue «6e3eo3- 
Me3flHWKii» -Te. KToeaflMT m 6e3B03wie3flHO noMoraeT 
OcTaBbTe TenetfcoH^MK, Mbi b re^eHne Mecnua nepe- 

3BOHMM 

>Kflan, JKAan - ne flOJKfla^cn npMXO«y. MeHS 

BCnOMHMJIM. 

- Ax fla, «6e3B03IVte3flHMKM»! Bbl. 3Ha*-IMT, XOTMTe 

6e3B03Me3flHO noMoraTb 7 TAe «e Baw TeneepoH? 3-3- 
3... noTepnncR. flaBaiiTe sarwweM. Mw Bawi no3so- 

HMM 

npMxowy B Tperww pa3. 

- riOMHMM-nOMHMM, «6e3B03Me3AHMKM», XOTMTe 

noMoraTb, mto-to AenaTb. . . TAe bu paSoTaeie? Ot- 
/immho. y Bac T3M edb nepBMHnas opraHMaautffl Mam- 
Te K hmm. ohm BaM Bee CKaW/T. 

FlpMxowy b nepBM4HyK3 opraHHaaiiMio. 

- B H6M Aeno? - yAMBnsiOTCH - Bsnocbi nnatM- 
jim? nnaTMnn Bot m see. 4to ot sac HyacHo 

fl 3aMHTepecoBancn m npowen no pasnwM nep- 

BMMHblM OpraHM3aMMHM. BCK)Ay 3aA3Ba/l OAMH M TOT 

xce npocTOM aonpoc: «MeM bw saHMMaeTecb'w Kskom- 

TO KKpaCHbtM KpeCT» CKa3ajl. MTO BMeCTe C napTKOMOM 

npOBOAMn cy66oTHMK Bo/ibiUMHCTBO npflMO nptona- 

Ba/lOCb «HH46M He 3aHMM3eMCR, TOnbKO B3HOCW co- 

6npaewn 

MOfl aKTMBHOCTb npMBJieKJia BHMMaHMe, Bbl3Ba/l 

ceKperapb napTKOMa m tobopmt: 

- flMM, Tb« BOT MTO... 3P« TH 3T0... TyT CBepXy 
3BOHMnM, rOBOpWIW. MTOTblXOAMLUb, BblflCHfleLUb.. Hy 

Ha xpeHa Te6e 3to HywHO? Kanafl pa3HHua - pa6oTa- 
eT, He pa6oTaeT... HnaTM Bsnocbi. m Bee p,ena fla, 

KCT3TM: MHe TyT B napTKOMe CKa3aj)M, Hy)KHO A3Tb Te6e 

ouenKy Tw bot mto ... y Hac Mepe3 HeAenio napTcoS- 
paHMe, tw 8bicTynn m c«a>KM. mto AeMCTBOBan nenpa- 
BttflbHO. 

- HoKaucj?... 

- fla. Wine 6bmo npeAnoweno noKasTbcn m paso- 
py>KMTbCfl. fl cnpaajMBaio: «Kohb, BMeMKanTbCR?PlHe 

BM«y CBOeM BMHb(». 

- CaM CMOTpM, - OTBeTMJl KOTlfl. - Tbl CKOHbKO 

BpeMeHM b KanAMAaTax xoahw>? Mw eeAb Te6fl boo6- 
me MOweM we npHHHTb. B ofJmeM, tw noAywaM, hto 

MMeHHO Tbl 6yAeiiJb TOBOpMTb, HO BblCTynMTb Tbl Aori- 

>KeH. 

Mact coSpaHMe Korm o6bflB^neT: 

- CetiHac BbtcxynMT KaHAMAa T b nrieHbi KnCC 

flMMTpMii AneKcaHAposMM KpaioxMH. MnorMe. HaBep- 
Hoe. 3HawT, oh xoamt no paariMMHbiM oGutSGtMM m 
BbiflCHfleT, KTOMeM3aHMMaeTCH. CeMMacoHAacroueH- 

Ky CBOHM AeMCTBMflM. 



R Bbixo»cy m rosopto: 

- rtepeA coSpaHMeM mhs CKa3anM, sto fl AonweH 

OCyAMTb CBOM Ae^CTBMB OaKTMHeCKM MeHS nOCT3BM- 

jim nepeABbi6opOM: nM6o mom yOewAeHMH, riMSOHneH- 
ctbo b napTMM. B 3T0W CMTyauMM fl. k CBoeMy r/iyBoKO- 
My coxcanewMio, Aon>KeH CAenaTb Bbi6op. 

R BbiTamnn icaHAwaTCKyio xapTOMKy h nono>KMJi 
ee na cto/i 

Pa3pa3Mncn orpoMHbiii CKaHAan - nepecTDOMKa- 
nepecTpoMKow . ho TaKoro na 3asoAe eme He 5bino.. 
Hepe3 nsHh Mens BbiSbiBaeTsaiwecTnTenb HaMa/ibMM- 
Ka uexa, cmotpwt KyAa-ro B CTopOHy m tobopmt: «3h3- 
eiub.flMM, npereHSMM KTeQe neT. pa60Taeiub xopoaio. 
ho TyT bot .» M ByKBaribHO cpbiBaeTca «Tpa-Ta-Ta- 
Ta. Hy 3aMeM TbtSbtcTynw/i"" Hywwo 6bino ocasaTb, xatt 
ace roBOpnT. m 6bino 6bi Bee HOpManbHo* M3 napTKOMa 
ywe sbohm^m, CKasanM. HaAO Te6fl yBupaTb c ceKpeT- 

HOM pa60Tbl'» 

M nepeaeriM MeHS Ha paAMoyaen 3aBOACKoe pa- 
Ai^o Mepes Ase H6Aenn na paAMO no sokmm-to AenaM 
HaBeAa/icn ceKperapb napTKOMa. yBMAen MeHB, rna3a 
BWTapaLAMn' riocne 3Toro BM3MTa Menfi Bbi3Ban Mac- 
Tep n. CHOBa rns)A n KyAa-TO b CTopoHy. CKasan: «3Ha- 
eiub, napTKOM Tpe6yei y6paTb Te6fl c paAMoy3na. 
BApyr Tbi MTO-HM6yAb He to Aawt> b 3$mp?» 

- rnynbtu KaKoO-mo naprrtKOM. Kaioxe ohu maxo- 
30 cmpanHozo we/?oee«a donyemunu k paduoysny? 
«rop6aieecKue» sodbi SdumenbHOcmb yxe ne ma. 
t/mopaHbuie... 

- fla. 6AMTertbH0CTb ynana. Ho n fl « nones b 
6yTbiriKy» HanMcan ocpMLiMa/ibHoe sanBneHMe b rop- 
kom napTMM otom, hto Mens npecneAyroT aa ySexvie- 
HKfi Buna SeceAa c ceKperapeM roproMa no HAeono- 
tmm Kct3tm. HOpMafibHaa TeTxa, mw ao cmx nop c HeM 
b xopoLuvtx oTHOuieHMflx. Oh3 y Hac ceiiMac a coLtaa- 
mme pa6oTaeT. 

- IA vmo? fopKOM 3a me&P ecmynunca? 

- fla' MeHS onarb nocTaBMDM 3aHMMaTbca cwma- 
jrTM3ai4neM, oxpaHfiTb «ceKperbi nonMoiMHenfl» Haine- 
ro 3asofla 

KoMMCCMn no npaBaM nenoBeica 

- fleMOKpaTMHecKaft oQinecTBeHHocTb b Opne 
nanana 0opMMpoBaTbCM a 1 986 roAy CHanana 6bina 
HenoHSTHan rycoBKa caMbix pa3Hbix ntoAeM. IIotom 
noflBuncaOpnoBCKMMHapoaHbitiMDpoHTMAPyrMerpyn- 
nu: couMan-AeMOKpaTb). rpMropbHHuieBCKMM 0oha 

«r7iaCHOCTb». . 9 



■ HapodHbte eppOHmbi (o6b8duH&Hu» spaxdaH deMOKpa- 
muHBCKOii Hanpaenennocmij) nonymtnu pacnpocmpane- 
Hue e CCCP e xomie 80-x sodoe OpnoaooiQ HapodHbiG 
cpponm 6bin odnoO us {npuMepuo) 50 maxm pea uoManb- 
Hb« empyxmyp. Qond «rnacHOcmb» 6w/i dCHoean e 1987 
Body duccudGHmauu, oceo6o)KdenHbiMu U3 nonumnase- 
peu u imopeu Cpedu saMemnux audoe denmenbHOcmu 
(Donda - peay/inpwoe oceeweHue cofibimutJ ne CeaepHOM 
Kaexaie v npoaedanue t<on<t)epenmiu «KrE avepa. ceaod- 
h», 3aempa». Cepeeu rpueopbttmi - a me zodti npedceda- 
mem OoMda. 



KAPTA' Ms 43— *4 JOD5 






4 nOPTPET 



113 



fl 6bm ofiHWM m 0CH0BaTe/iei/i OpnOBCKoro 06- 
mecTBa «MeMopnan», dotom h H3 3Toro o6inecTBa 
Bbiiuen noTOMy, mo opnoBCKwtf «MeMopnan» 3aHancfl 
nojiHTurotf h nepecran 3aHHMaTbca HCTOpweft pen- 
peccHii B 1991 rofly HeMHOro nopagoran noMOLUHH- 
kom flenyraTa. 

rioTOM mw c oflHMM momm npmrreneM oSpaTM- 
JiMCb k 3aMecTMTe/iK) ryGepHaropa c npeAnowemneM 
BOCCTaHOBMTb (paKTMMecKH «noMHBujyio b 6o3e» m- 
muccwo no peaOwnnTamiii ByKeaiibHO nepes Mecnq 

W3 MoCKBbl npHXOflWT nirfCbMO H806XOflMMOCTM CO- 

3flaTb TaKwe kommccmh b pernoKax Hawa «^es jiema 
Ha xopoiuyio noMBy. m kommccwh Gwna co3Aana. fl CTan 

pa60T3Tb T3M 

Co BpeMeneM Ha OpnoBiyHHe 6wna coaaana ko- 
mmcchh no npaBaM HenoseKa. KcTam, co3flana onenb 
TanTHMHO rtpoBejiw co6panne npaBosamwTHbix opra- 
HH33i4MiS o6nacTn. KOTopwe BHecnn cboh npeA/iowe- 
hhh no codaBy komhcchm. Caiua PoMauf . rarfla oh 
eme sannMancn npaB03amwTH0tifleflTenbHOCTtio. cran 
3aMecTHTeneM npeAceaarenfl Komkccmm 14s rpex 
pyKOBOflsimflx AOnwHocrefl ABe 6wjih y npaBosamwr- 

HHKOB 

- KoMuccuft do cux nop padomaem? 

- Asa rOAa H33a£ OHa 6bma nnK8HflnpoBana 

- HoveMy? 

- «8 cbh3h c peopraHW3aL(new aflM«HwcTpaunn», 
PeanbH3H npimwHa 6btna Taxoea B 2001 rofly mw 
npose™ oAHy oneHb cepbesHyro KaMnaHnto «no iwe- 
MopnanbCKOMyHanpaBneHMW». Ecdm noMHMTe, B2000 
rofly KoHCTMTyquoHHbiM cyA BWHec peujenwe o tom 
mto Ae™ penpeccapoBaHHbix Aonxcnbi npHsnasaTbCR 
He nocTpaflaBiuMMn ot nonHiweCKtix penpecCHM, a 
penpeccupoBaHHbiMw 5 . 3to owno b anpe/ie, A b fle- 
Ka6pe 2000 roAa aaMecTHTenb renepanbHoro npotcy- 
popa Poccmh Ca6np Kexnepos* pasocnan no ropoAaiw 

M SeCflM HMCbMO, B KOTOpOM peKOMeHAOBa/1 He BblAa- 

saib AOKyMenTbi o peaSuriMTauMW ao BneceHun b 

3aKOHOA3Te^bCTBO COOTBeTCTBy(OLL(MX M3MeH6HHM. Oh 

dpaKTunecKH npeAnaran 6owKOTwpOB3Tb pemeHne Koh- 
CTHTyMMOHHOro cyAa 

B APyrwx perwoHax kommcckm no npaBaiw Me/ioee- 
K3 npn3HaBann, wto rpaj^qaHHH BBnaeTCfl penpecca- 

pOBSHHblM. H H3 0CH083HHH 3TMX AOKyMeHTOB HpOKy- 

paTypa 3thx fpa>KflaH pea6nnnTMpoBana Mbi we pe- 



AnencaHdp Powaui e kohup 80-x 6t>tn odnuM u3 nudepos 
OpnoBCKoso HapodHOeo tppoHma, eoisnaonsvt opfroeofyio 
spynny MexdyHapodHoao o6me cmea npaa ^enosena 
OpnoecKuu o6nacmno0 XpucmuaHCKuQ o6utecmeennbiu 
Cok3, exodun a oOrtacmHyio Kouuccuio no npaeau <ieno~ 
eeita 8 cepedwe 90-x yuten u3 axmuenou o6atecmeenno~ 
nonumuHGGicov de^ment,nocmv- 

' lA3\teHenu$ cmamyca daea/JO npaeo zpaxdanaM amou 
Kameaopuu wa donofiHument>Mhie nbzomu a coomeem- 
cmeuu c sskohom kO peaSwxumamw xepme narwmiMec- 
kux penpecct/Ou. 

* Kcmamu. uMenHQ oh e kwu,q 2004 a. anec a FocdyMy 
nonpaaxu a 3aHOnodamenncmao eosnaaaiomue hb nodo- 
3peeaeMt>ix e meppopuaMe o6f>3anHOcmb doKaatioamb 
caoto Henpu^actrtHOcmti — mo ecmb (paKmuvecKti yopas- 
dn*iomiie npesyMnuuio neeuHo&Hocmu. 



iunnn noiiTH no Apyronny nym: cTanw o6)KaTTOBaTb 
OTKasbt npoKypaTypw. DepBbieAsa Aena Mbi «npoAy- 
nn». A noTOM e ceMHaAqa™ cjiyHaax Ao6nnwcb cy- 
Ae6hbix peujeHkiki e csok) noribsy npOKypaiypa He 
cTarta o6)KanoBaTb 3tm pemeHMn. Ohb npocro He 
BbmonHfl/ia wx. Torfla n o6paTnncn b cyA c 3aaBneHn- 
eM o BWAaMe ncnonHMTenbHbix jimctob. Bo^bLuow ooa- 
AepJKKOii 6bina MoiAHan HH0opMaunoHHafl KaMnaHna. 
TorAa-To mw Bnepswe nOHnnw c^y npeccbi, 

- ripecC'KotHpepemiuu codupanu? 

- Her, paSoTa/iM c )KypHanncTaMn MHAUBMAyajib- 
ho R BceM wypHanwcTaM pasAasan peiueHwe Kohctm- 
TyuwoHHOro cyAa, nmcbMO KexjiepoBa, AOKyMeHTbi, 
petueHna cyAOB n ta 

- To ecmb xodun no petJaxyusM, ecmpevancn, 
mdan. noKa3htean dOKyMenmbi? 

- fla KCTaTM. C STUM nMCbMOM KeXJiepOBCKMM... 

Ero ne dbino Aawe e KOHCTMTyuinoHHOM cyAe. a bot 
HaM yAanocb AOcraTb B o6nacTHOii npoKypaType MHe 
Bb)CK33a^M so3Myo»eHMe «KaKoe Bbi viuentA npaBo 
nepeAaBatb b ra3eTw 3to nncbwo?» - «Ho TaM me He 
6bino HMKakoro rpucpa Oho He ce«peTHoe». - OTBena/i 
a — «y nac see ceKpeTHoe. H BooSiue. rAe bh ero 
B3SJiM?» Hy. KaKOvt sonpoc. tskom otbct «Bot. nocny- 
oiaiiTe - rosopro a - HAy xaK-To pa3 no ynvtue Kpac- 
HoapweiicKOM. » 

- «BuKy. nexcum byMaxxa » 

- Ra. b KycTsx, aHaBepnoe. - roBopio, - ee 
noTepjui HnKorraw MBaHoaim TaSoe. noMoiyHMK o6/in- 
pOKypopa Oh no BceM cyAaM 5era^ M BceM cyAbfiM 
nOKasbJBa/i. A MHe hh pa3y we noK33an! Bot y Hero n 
cnpocHTe flywaio. npoKypaType hsao opraHkisoaaTb 
BHyTpeHHioio npoBepKy. 3 Aa*e totob AaTb no 3TOMy 
noBOAy nucbMeHHoe oS-bscHeHMeM 

- Ohu, Haeepnoe. meOn 3dopoeo «ntoo~sim», pa3 
mu nad hum u eom man uadeeaeujbCfi? 

- flowa/iyi*, ocoOoif hio6bw Mexviy HaMM Hety . Ho 
no3ML(Mn Haws 6w/ia 6e3ynpeHHofl. B cyAax a Kane- 
cTse saiflHTepecoeaHHbtx nvtu, Ha CTOpOHe rpaxyjaH 
npwBneKajincb KoMHCCkifl no pea6nnnTai4MM o6naA- 
MUHMCTpaqnn n Komuccms no npaBaM nenoBeKa npn 
rnaee aAMHHHCTpamiM - v. npeACTaBHTenM o6evtx 
roccTpyicryp yTBepwAaiOT. mto OTKaaw Hapyiustor npa- 
Ba rpaj^qaH. n npocsrrnpM3HaTb AefiCTBkifl npoKypaiy- 

Pbl He33KOHKblUi4 

Kan HanHCsna b 2001 roAy ra3era «K0MMep- 
canT». ns-sa 3Tmx npotjeccoB feHnpoicypaTypa 6wna 
BWHy)«AeHa (pSKTHMecKM Ae3aByMpoaaTb nncbiwo Kex- 
nepoBa flpyroii 33MecTvtTenb, flaBbiAOB, cocTasw/i 
AOKyMenT, b KOTopoM npeAHHCsn pernoHanbHbiM npo- 
KypopaM BWAasaTb HywHbie cnpaBKH. flnn Hac sto 
6bm nepBbikt npwMep. KaK oahb HeSo/ibLuan opraHH33- 
MMfi npti xopomo npoAyMaHHQtf raKTMKe MOKer n3Me- 
HHTb npaBonpMMeHMTenbHyio npaKinKy no scert crpa- 
He. 

Mbi noAAepwaann cBS3b c KoHCTMTyL|KOHHbiM 
cyAOM m c KoMnccneti no npasaM ^enoBeKS npM npe- 
swAeHTe. Hh b oahom peniOHe noAo6Horo HanpaB/ie- 
hhr He Sbtno. Bo Bcex Apyrux perwoHax pa60Ta Luna b 
KHAMBWAyanbHOM nopRAife 

- flukta, CKamu. xosda mbi 6apaxmaeuibcn e ny- 
manuue amux 6ecxoneuHbix npennmcmeuu, mtnoe- 



www kana org 



164 



4 nOPTPET 



Huvbuxnopoaoe.poaamoK... 6hieaem, vmopyKuonyc- 
Katomcp ? 

- He-a. 

- Huxoada? 

- Hy, pa3Be hto oflHa>KAbi . b Hawane 2002 roAa. 
nocne Toro, KaK fiw/io npuHATo peiueHwe o jiMKSMfla- 
Mmw Kommccmm no npaB3M HenOBexa. Mbi CTajin nep- 

BblM pOCCMMCKMM perHOHOM. rfie KOMMCCMfl 6bina o(pn- 

UwartbHO nHKBWflvpoBaHa R 6bin ocpnunajibHO npe- 
AynpeJKfleH o npeflCTOfimeM yeonbHeHHU. Mbctho oca- 
xcy. KaKoe-TO BpeMfl 6bin b flenpeccHM. (Iotom n noay- 
Man: «rocnoAw. Mero. coSctbchho, a nnaMycb?» Ha- 
san 6opOTbCfl. nonbuancst BOCCTaHOBMTt. komucchkj. 

- ydanocb? 

- Komhccwo BoccTaHOBMJiM. MeHfi flawe ocTaew- 
jim TaM paBoiaTb - cenpeTapeM Ho ee nonHOdbio 

BblXOnOCTMJlM. KOMWGCHH CTSJia AOXJiaS QatCTHHeCKM 

ePi 3anpernnn ynacTBOBaTb b cyflax, ftawe paSoTy c 
rpa»aaHaMM -vny ySpanw M3 nepers ee hqjihomo- 

MUM 

- y^/ifl vezo moada wyjKwa xoMuccufi 7 

- Mro6bi «aHann3MpOBaTb cvrryai4wio». A Bee oc- 
TanbHoe - no y«a3aHHK) pyKOBOftdBa. 3aMecTHTenew 
npeflceflaTenn Kommccmm 6wna HaaHa^ena AaMa. ko- 
Topaa npnMo 3aaBH/ia: «H cHMTara, hto Komhcchh no 
npaBaM nenOBeKa e HaweM o6jiac™ He Hy*Ha». 

- M donao mti npodbin cexpemapeM maxou xo- 

MUCCUU? 

- Ha cjieflyrouiMM fleHb nocne noanncaHMsi ryoep- 
HaiopcKOro YK33a 06 yrBepayieHMM rionoweHMfl 
Komhccwv! fi nofla/i 3asBJieHMe 06 OTdaBKe HacKonb- 
ko MHe HseeCTHO, 3to nepSbiM c/iynati b Hautert o6na- 
ctm, Korfla rocyflapcTseHHbiK cnywaujMM we npocxo 
Hanwca/i 3aaBneHwe: «npoujy yBO/iMTb. », a Ha nony- 
Topa cxpaHHLiax o6ocHOBan, noneMy Ho nojiy^Mn 

nHCbM6HHbtii OTxa3 B yBOJlbHeHMM. 

- FlodpoSHbiQ? tddeonoauveCKu o6ocnoeaHHbiQ? 

- HeT. iwaneHbKvitf coBceM. A Ha cnosax vine 
CKasann: «Amm. Hy Hero Tbi? HanMWM kopotko*. fl 
CHOBa Ha nncaji flnMHHO . . . Ho b KOHue koh uob Bce-TaKH 
yBonwriM. Kctstm. xony oTAaTb AOfi>KHoe: sa Bee spewm 
paSoTbt Hameii Kommccvim mhb hmkto HMKorAa hhhb 
neM He Metuan. KaK a hohmmski, npoTMB nee Hasan/ivi- 

Ba/lOCb HeAOBOHbCTBO, H, B KOHLje kohmob, na HetS 
nOCTaBHOH WVtpHblM KpeCT. 

- KaK padomana Komuccur? KaKou amo 6bin 

MeX3HU3M? 

- Onenb npocTow. y Mens b Heaenro Gbino abb 
npneMHbix aha. Bee ocTanbHoe BpeMn aaHMManw sa- 
npocbi. npoeepKH, cyAbi B nono>KeHM« o Kommcchh 
yKa3biea/iocb. mo h 6e3 flOBepeHHOcTM Mory npeA- 
CTasnflTb MHTepecbi Kommccmm b cyfle, 3anpawwBaTb 
or wweHH Kommccmm MHCpopMauMK) o rocyAapcTBen- 
Hbix opranax. 3to ft w Aenan. 

«EflMHan EBpona» 

- B 1 996 roAy mu coaflaBa^M cbok) opraHH3ai4Mto 
m Ay Ma™. KaK ee Ha3BaTb. ft npeAnomvin KMMCTMTyT 
oSmecTeeHHbix npo6neM «EAMHan EBpona» BpOAe 

Ob! KpaCMBO, HeO>KMAaHHO... 

- Cxopee. HenOHfjmHO. Umo manoe «EduHan 
Eepona» dnn xumeneu Poccuu? MHOaue U3 apaacdaw 
He udeHmiKpuuupyiom ceo> c eaponeuuaMU. 



- 3Aecb ecrb k3kom-to o6iamm HaMex Ha to, hto 
Mbi 3aHMMaeMcn oBmecTBeHHbiMM npo5neMaMM m opM- 
eHTwpoBaHbi na eBponetfcKwe uchhoctm. BnponeM. 
Toraa b HaaBaHne He BK/iaAbieanco TaKOM rny^QKm 
cmwc^. Oh nofiBM/icfl ywe ootom, b xoAe pa6oTbi. 22 
anpenn 1996 rofla mu Gnhm 3aperMCTpwpOBaHbi Yn- 
pasneHMeM ioctmuimm OpnoBCKoro oOnwcnonKOMa 
nonynaeTCfl. y nac c AeAyujKOM JleHMHbiM to6MneM b 

OAMH H TOT we A6Hb (CMeeTCH). 

CeroAHB HHCTMTyr «EAMHan EBpona» - 3to yace 

He opraHnsaKVifl 3to 6jiok opraHM3auMM. rAe Mbi a 
KaKOit-TO Mepe flsnaeMCfl ronoBHOM He b tom eMwc^e, 

MTO Mbi - HSHanbHMKM, OpOCTO Mbi paSOTSeM KSK CTep- 
XteHb. 

EcTb LjeHTp satitMTbi noTpeSMTeneM - caMOAOC- 
TaTOHHaa, xopoiuopacKpyMeHHafiopraHM3aL(Mfl. Haiuw 
pe6FTa-BOJioHTepbi 3aperMCTpnpoBann MonoAe'KHyio 
npaB03aiAMTHyio rpynny. KOTOpan TO>Ke pa6oTaeT ca- 
MOCTOJiTejibHO ,c Mbi y«e He oahm. Hac 3h3iot. KorAa 
BJiacTH 0AHa>Kflbi npMOCTaHOBMJin HaujyAeaTe^bHocTb, 

06 3TOM HeCKOflbKO pas oStflBMflM B perMOHa/lbHOM 

BbinyCKe nporpaMMbi «BecTn» a py6pnKe «rnaBHan 

HOBOCTb AHfl»' HaManO nOCeBHOM, CTpOMTeJlbCTBO MO- 

nofle>KHoro o6me>KMTMfl. npwocTaHOBKa AefTeribHOC- 
tm MHCTMTyra «EA«HaH EBpona»... 

fl noHMMaio, Hac mokho 33BTpa »ce saKpbitb 3to 
6yAeT yAap no paSOTe, cepbe3Hbi« yAsp. Ho 3to ne 
SyAer rMSenbKD m npeKpameHMeM pa6oTbi ". 
- Cymecmayem maxoe MH&mie, xomopoe onenb yc- 
neu/HO ucnonb 3yiom npomue npaeo3amun\HUKoe: mop. 
HacmofHMan uenb ux 6opb6bi - ca/wa 6opb6a c enac- 
mbio. npueodftm npuMepbi, uiyMHbie axmiu. aaws/re- 
rtufl, 3a xomopbiMu ne cnedyem hukskux KOHxpemnhix 
deucmeuu. Sepym cmambio Hoeodeopcxou. Hanpu- 
Mep u npuxneueaKim odun npnux wa acex npaeosa- 
mumHuxoe™. 

-fleMCTBMTenbHo.HeManonpaBoaaiAMTHbixopra- 
HM3ai4MM ujyMMT. 3aHHMaeTCH «nMapoM». MHorAa sto 
HyxcHo Ha OpnoBuiMHe b oahom ms paMOHHbix qeHT- 
poB ecTb He6onbaia?i opraHH3ai4Mfl MecTHo roBops, 
ona MHe He HpaBMTCfl Ho oh3 A^naeT orpoMHoe 
BawHoe aeno 3 cohhom 6onoTe sroro ropOAKa DH8 
uie6ypuJHT. ne AaeT Apewtarb cyAbsiw, mmhmlihh, npo- 
nypaType. 

M BTopoe. «rinap», KoiopbiM 33HMMaeTcn Hawa 
opraHM3ai4MR, - He uenb. a acero JiMtub mbtoa. 



'•' B navane 2005 soda PiHcmumym ttEdunasi Eepona co- 
3dan ewe o3mo cmpyxmypHoe nodpa3denenue — npaeo- 
3auiumHoe uH$iapMau,uOHHO-ananumtMecxoe asBHmcmeo 
«UBnmpPyc» {UeHmpanbHart Poccuu}. 
'■' y*te nocne amoio unmepsbio pewenuent OpnoecKOSo 
o6nacmnoao cyda om 22 06.04 s ace deucmeufi Ynpaene- 
nun Mumocma Poccuu no Opno&cxou odnacmu no exece- 
hux> npedynpexdemm, npedemaenenun, a maxme pacno* 
pamBHue o npuocmaHoeKB 6binu npu3nanbi »e3aH0HHt,mu 
13.08.M a Cyde6nan xonneauu no BpaxdancxuM demr* 
Bepxoeioso Cyda Poccuu ocmaeuna peu/ewue o6nacm- 
hoso cyda 6e3 uSMeneHuR a xanody peauonam>Hoao Yn- 
paenemin Muniacma 6es ydoenemaopeHun 
'■ Pe3Kue BbicmynneHun nudepa ofleMOxpamuvecKoao 
cowan Banepuu HoeodaopCKOu Hepedxo cnyxunu noeo- 
doM dns> xpumuKoe o6euntimh ace npaeosautufnuoe coo6~ 
mecmeo a paduxanusMe u \iapaunant>Hocniu. 



KAPTA Nsr 43-4^ ?005 



4 nOPTPET 



165 



- PacxpoQ. nomanyucma. nonnmue «nuap». V 
amoeo cnoea ecmb neaamuaHbiu ommenoK. oveeud- 
ho, a cen3u c HedodpocoeecmHou pexnauoQ u nevec- 
mnbiMu ebi6opaMu. Wmo mbi imeewb e eudy nod 
«npaeo3amumHbiM nuapoM»? 

- HivieHHo H3Hana;ibHbitf CMboi — «na6niiK pw- 
netfiiiHs, cBH3b c o6mecTBeHHOCTbK3 ripoflBi4)«eHne 
HaujHXMfleii, iiHTepecoB. B3msflOB. b MeHbLuewcTene- 
hh - caMofi opraMM3aunii nepea cpeflCTBa Maccosow 
MHtpopMai4nn flnn Toro, uToSbi c0opMnpOBaTb o6iAe- 
CTseHHoe MHewwe no KaKOMy-/in6o Bonpocy. 

- Tbi yeepen. <tmo o6vuecmeennoMy MweHu«. mo 
ecmb o6mecmey. smo nyxHo? 

-fla. 

-Hums, na ypoene oiuyuteHuQ: me6e we Kaxem- 
cj), vmo mbi a ceoBM eopode vyxoG? 

- JlyHWHii oTBeT Ha sonpoc «cbom wjiw Hy>tcoft?» 
Mbt nonyMwm Korfla Ha Hac 6bin cw/ibHbitf Haxwwi K 
H3M npnuj™ oSmecTeeHHbie oprann3ai4nn h npeano- 
jtcwnn nOMOLUb. Eme y MeHH 6bi/i HHTepecHbifi pa3ro- 
bop c oflHUM opnoscKMM xcypHanMCTOM, On cxa3an, 

HTO HM6HH0 HaXWM BnaCTeft CT3/I Afifl Hero ROBOflOM 

Ana nepeoqeHKn MoeiS AeflTeJibHOCTH. «PaHbwe, - 
roBop«T. - n Aywan. hto flwMa xopowwtt nejioseK. 
nOTOMy HTO Aenaer HyKMoe Aeno, He flaeT BnacrsM 
6e3fleribHMHaTb. H roribKO cetiHac 9 ncHRn Bac 3anpe- 

ma»OT rtOTOMy. MTO Bbl flePlCTBHTeJIbHO OK33blBaeTe 

peanbHoe enwftHne Ha to. mto npowcxoAKT b o6nac~ 

TM». 

- Moxho KaKtie-HuQydb npuMepbi paGombt aa- 
weu opzaHusamiv? 

- HanpMMep. HecKonbKO neT nazan y Hac Sbi/i 
npoem-noflHaaaaHweM «0/inBepTewcT». CoMManbHan 
pea6nnnTai4tt*i noApocTKOB, KOTopwe HaxOAflTcn b 
UJaxoBCKoii BocnuTaTe/ibHOfi kojiohhh 3to b flBaflua- 
™ KunoMeTpax ot Opna Taw ABe KonoHnw: JKeHCKas. 
cipororo pexuiMa, h noApocTKOBaa, KOTopaa «o5cny- 
>KMBaeT» HecKo/ibno peraoHOB: TBepb. Open, flpoc- 
/laBfib. C Haiueii noMOLiibio BnepBbie b kodohhh 5bin 
opraHM30BaH yneSHN^ tcnacc, ToMHee, kojiohwa yxe 
nonynajia KownbKnrepbi. Kto-to 113 wnepBbix JieAH», 
KaweTCB. JlioAMHJia (lyrMHa, nepeAaea/ia b kojiohhkj 
AnsAeBoneK KOMnbioTepbi, ho sth waiuviHbi BbicTpeHb- 
ko pa30turiMCb no cnywSaM n He ncnonb30Banncb no 
Ha3HaHeHHHD. 

- ^mo 3Haium «no cnym6aM»? 

- no 6yxra/rrepnqM. BocnvtTaTeribHbiM nacTSM A 
Mbi nepeAa/iM KOMnbKjTepbi ne b co6cTBeHnocTb, a b 
SeccpoMHoe. 6e3B03Me3AHoe nonb30BaHne. B Aoro- 
BopecKasaHO, 4to ohh Maryr6biTb ncno^b30BaHbt &tih 
opraHM3aL4MM yMe6noro (tnacca u hh prw Mero APyroro. 
B npOTMBHOM cny^ae mu nMeeM npaBO 3a6paTb kom- 
nbtoTepbi Bbino noAnncaHocorjiaiueHMe M6)KAy opra- 
HaM« o6pa30BaHvifi, KO^OHneii m Haiue^ opraHtiaaqw- 
efl, OpraHw o6pa30BaHHH BbiAeniwiw cTaBKy npenoAa- 
BaTena no HHtpopMaTvftce. 

TaKMM o6pa30M. Ha 6a3e Haiuero yneSnoro K/iac- 
ca 6bino opraHH30BaH0 nepBoe b BocnuTaienbHbix 
rtonoHnax npotpeccMOHaribHoe o6yMeHne no cneqw- 
a/ibHoc™ «nortb30BaTe/ib 3BM» c BbiAanew cbmas- 
TenbCTea o npocfjeccHOHanbHOM o6pa30BaHnn rocy- 
AapcTBeHHoro o6pa3Lia. 3to oSy^eHHe BeAet rocy- 



Aa pCTeeH Hoe npocpeccnoHanbHo-Texnn4ecKoe yMkinw- 
me Ha 6aae yMe6noro itnacca. cocToqatero H3 waiiiwx 
KOMnbKrrepoB 

- Kcmamu, omKyda B3xnucb denbau na KOMnbio- 
mepbi? 

- fleAyuiKa Copoc HbiAe/inn. 

- A cxofibKO eceao 6bino KOMnbtomepoe? 

- flBenaAMaTb. y nac 6bm MHoronpodpM/ibHbi^ 
npoeKT-co3A3HMe cwcTeMw couManbHOii pea6nnnTa- 
t4MM, HweHHOTorAa BnepBbie Qbma onpoOoBaHa coqw- 
ajibHan neAarormo C Haujevi noAaMM («aK b UJaxoBc- 

K014 BOCnMTaTeJlbHOlii KOJIOHWM, T3K H B APyrMX BOCH11- 

TaTenbHbix ko^ohuhx Pocchu) noRBunacb TaKafl o0m- 
mia^bHan AOJDKHOCTb - coLjuanbHbJiii neAacor. Mw 
OTpaSaTbiaanw, h6m counanbHbti* neAaror AonxeH 

SaHMMaTbCfl. 

HapnAy c 3thm 6bino eme TaKoe HanpaBnenne: 
noAfOTOBKa k ocboGojkabhhio b ^aCTHocTH nonyse- 
Hue npo0eccMOHanbHoro oSpasoBantifl. KOTopoe mo- 
weT5biTb BocTpeSosaHo Ha Bone PaHbiue BocnuTaH- 
hhkob o6ynann npocpeccusiM CBapmntca, KaMeHmnKa, 
CTonnpa. ujBeMHMKa. Tenepb ecrrb eme h «nonb3osa- 
Terib 3BM» PeSsxa He ToribKO o6yHaK>TCfl pa6ote Ha 
KOMnbKDTepax {Windows. Word n TaK Aanee) Hx ywaT 
Aawe ocHOsaM nporpaMMwpoBaHMH. 

- Ohu 3mo yceauaasom? 

- fla ripenoAaBaTenb - 3HTy3nacT. AewcrBvi- 
TenbHo xopouiMM neAaror KorAa HaTaribn Mawi^eHKo. 
Hawa Konnera m TBepw. paccKasana. hto ManbHUiu- 
Ka. BbtiueAiUHH na KOJiOHvtM. npMiueji k Heii n CKasan: 
«noMornTe MHe nocTynwrb s TexHHKyM. s xouy ym^Tb- 
cfi na K0MnbioTepLunK3», - a noHsn, hto mu cAenanw 
nonesHoe Aeno. A Taxvrx peQsT ne oahh m He ABa 

>lK)OHTenb 0aHTaCTMKM 

- Om veso mbi etue nonyvaeuib ydoeonbcmeue. 
HpoMe pa6ombi 7 

- MeMTato 06 oahom - BepHyn.cn Ha rocyAap- 
CTBeHHyio cny)«6y. MtoSn OTAoxHyrb! (CMeercB) 

- A eme? Khusu? 

- C 1985 roAa n 6bin s ABHweHMM «Kny6oB 
/iK>6nTenew o>aHTacTWKn» BoneeToro. nSbinnpeAce- 
AaTeneM peensnoHHOM kommccmk BcecotosHoro o6te- 
AMHeHHH moOwienevi $aHTacTHKW. KnySbj nonBwrsticb 
AaBHO. a ABtiweHne otpopMnnocb b 1985 roAy. 

Ywe Mepes roA «x HaMann rpoMMTb B «Komco- 
Mo^Ke» 6wna onySjinxoBaHa 6o^biuaH cTaTbn «Me- 
Hflro {paHTacTHxy Ha AeTerrviBa. Hepe3 HecKonbKO 
Mecmies noHBwnocb 3aKpwToe nwcbMO I4K KI1CC 
>KypHane «ypanbCKMii c/ieAonbiT», a kotopom Bbino 
peKOMenAOsaHo «npvtxnonHyTb» see nny6bi nro6nTe- 
neii (paHTacTMKM. K 1987 roAy ohu 6binn dpaKTM^ecKM 
3anpemeHbi, BnpOMeM. BTOMweroAye Kwese npouino 
nepBoe BcecoiosHoe coBeiAanwe Jito5nTene« dDaHTa- 

CTMKM 

- Bopuc Bypda' 3 paccKa3biean. nmo mosda dbina 
nonyrmpna udett pa38umux Knydnozo deuxemifi. He 
moribKO moGumeneQ (paHmacmuKU, eoodme nny6HO- 
zo deuMBHun. Kny6bi 6bmu npoo6pa30M fweuiw zpaxc- 
daHCKOZOo6uiBCmea B o6iueM, ommyda Bbnuno mho- 
30 axmuaHbix /jwdetJ. 



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166 



4 nDPTPET 




-TaKM nonynnnocb Kny6w ntoOwrene^ cpaHTac- 
thkw - HHTepecHeHiuee mnenme. C oflHow cropoHbt. 
3to o6beflHHeH«e coMnaribHo aKTWBHbix iw&evi b pe- 
rnoHax C flpyrofi CTopoHbi, dpaHTacTMKa no cyrn cso- 
bA - crepweHb, KOTOpbifi aacTaBnseT rnoaeft ayMaTt.. 

B tot nepwOA OMenb MHoro mrranv!. npopwBanncb 
4epe3 caMM3flaT k sanapjnovi cpaHTacTMKe, rfle 6btno 
neMa/io npomocraKH. yTonvm, aHTnyronnw Kcrra™, w 
b Haiuew 0aHTacTHKe e nyMujux o&pasqax, sto 6bino 
Ona HeM36e«HO aacraBnnna Jiroflew CMOTpeTt Ha Mwp 
no-ApyroMy. nepcneKTWBHO. Bbi noMHtrre, KaK 3anpe- 
ivtm «KocMHMecKy(o OAKCceio 2010 roAa»? 

_ ? 

- O. 3to Owna MHTepecHeCiujaR mctopwh! ApTyp 
KnapK** Hannca/i cbom (JjaHTacTHMecKnii poMaH «Koc- 
MuMecKan oflnccen 2001 » Bo epeviH noe3AKM B Co- 
BeTCKMW COK)3 oh cooSmtin, *^TO, 0Ka3blBaeTCfl. HanM- 
can 4TO-TO Tuna npOACmaceHMfl. HOBbiii powiaH «2010: 
BTopaa OA«ccefl». OT/in'-iHbita ckokct K (Onmepy ne- 

TMT CQBMeCTHblW COBeTCKO-aMepMKaHCKHM 3KViria>K. 

KopaS/ib HasweaeTca «KocMOHaBT AneKceti J)eoHOB» 
JleoKOB, ycribititaB sto b xofle TejiescTpe^n c Knap- 
kom. pacnnbincfl b yjibi6Ke h CKa3a/i: «0, a 6yAy 
eennKOnerrHbiM Kopa6jieM» 3tot pomsh KnapK nepe- 
Aan CBoeMy APyry Bacnrin(0 3axapHeHKO, TorAauiHe- 
My peAaiaopy wypHana «TexHM«a - MonoAe)*wi». 4TO- 
6bi oh 6bin ony6nnKOBaH b Poccww. Ao 3TOro pOMan 
HurAe He nyo7iMKOBajicfl n He nepeaoAnncs. 

- Kaxou 3mo 6bin zod? 

- 1984-ii. HaHMHaioTny6nMKOBaTb noMHto. nane- 
MaTanii nepByto sacTb b cpeepanbCKOM HOMepe, bto- 
pyio B MapxoscKOM. B anpentCKOM - ywe He ny6nwxy- 

K3T. A B M3MCK0M HOMepe - OAHa KOJIOHKa, KpSTKOB 

coAepKaHne ocTaBLuerocR poMana. Hwkto Hnnero He 

M0JK6T nOHHTb. POMaH KaK pOMaH, XOpOUlUM. CKWceT, 

epoAe. HH^ero. K KDnmepy JieTvrr coaeTCKO-aMepn- 
KaHCKufi 3Knna>K, 4eTeepoaMepnKaHL(eB, wecTb Heno- 
Bex coBeTCKnx npocTbie coBeTcxwe rpasKAane c TaK«- 

MH (paMMXTUHMH: Op/IOB. HKyHMH... 

- TonbKo k mpembeu vacmu do u3dameneu douj- 
no. Kmo maxue Opnoe u fiKywjH?'* 



- <£aMnnnn 6binn He Ha cnyxy. B Hamevi cTpane 
npoCTOMy o6biBaTenio mx mojkho 6bi/io B3RTb Tont>xo 
W3 caMi43flaTa «ronoco8» nsnaiweHviTOM KHwrn &L4Py 
npoTue CCCP»'* (OHa Bbiwna a KOHLie 70-x) Ho qen- 
3opbi «npoxnonann yLuaMH», 3aiweTnnn cjihlukom no- 

3flHO. 

3axapneHK0 chhjim. riyxos (peAa^Top OTAena 
0aHTacTv)KW) eABa ne noneren - ero cnacno TOnbKO 
to. mto peujeHwe npHHUManocb hhmho 3axap4eHK0. 
npaeAa, no cornacoBaHwio Ha caMOM bhcokom ypoe- 
He.. 

- Hy. a kpomb (panmacmuKu. 4mo newum dnusno 
k cepduy? Kanou-mo orndhix y me6ft ecmb e ebixod- 

Hbie? 

- CawbiM o6b!MHbitf ... HAy Ha pwhok. no X03flfii- 
cTBy. (lo Aopore cwoipio. co6pa;incb nn na TycoBKy 
opnoBCKwe PHEujhmkm IIotom b o(|)hc hbmhokko 
nopaSoTaTb. cn)«y TaM MacuxOB ao. 

- Te6e 3HaxoMO cnoeo «omnycK» ? 

- 3h3komo ToAa TpM-nerbipe nasaA TaM 6uin 
>Kwri b nanaTKe na ocTpoBe Xa^MH nocpeAn Ceniire- 
pa 1 ' . 

- HaeepHoe. mw u maM otnowuncn 6yMaeaMu. u 
npu ceeme Kocmpa... 

- HeT 1 3to 6bmo o4enb xopoiuo. npeACTaanne- 
Te, Teneawsopa Her, KOMnbKiTepa HeT, npneMnwxa 

H6T, OAHW KOMapbi BOKpyr ErlM>KaHluaH CT0RHK3 - 

HanpaBo MeTpos ABec™. HaneBO mbtpob TpwcTa. yT- 
poM Bcrran, npoSewancfl, aBOCbKy rpn604K0BHa6pan. . 
BeMepoM BbiLuen Ha Qeper, q tsm moctkm CAenan, 
cMOTpmiJb, a TaM noA MocTKaMM paKH no/iaatOT . 

- Tbi pbiOaK 7 

- HeT. Ho paKOB mu TaM HanoBwiH, npaBAa 3 
snepBbie b jkh3hm paKOB noBWJi Mbi wx CBapunn, 
Cbenw. nocne Hero MnaALuaR AOHb tobopht: «nan, ny 
nocMOTpn. Tyr Mnca - acero HHHero, a mw mx y6nBa- 
eM.,,» nocne3Toro, MbikixnepecTaininoanTbUHaHa- 
m MawaponaMn noAxapMni^BaTb. 



'-' Odeccum Sopuc Bypda uaeecmeM wmamftrmM. npexcde 
ecszo, nan yvacmm/K uHmennexmyanbHoO uepbi aMmo 
rdg? Koeda?». On maxxe 6apd aemop paanuvHbtx nynu- 
napnbix peuenmoe u aoo&ite o^ewb pa3HOcmoponHuu 

" H3eecmm,iu angnuOcKuu nucameni>-<panmacfn. 

*>Opuu Opnoe ~ coaemootu <Pu3uk u duccudanm. ocho- 
eamenb u nudep MockobckoO XenbCUHKcuou zpynnbi. npo* 
ee/J nonmu 9 rem o naeeptix. 6bin ebicnaH u3 CCCP u 
nuujen apaxdancmaa OreS Rkyhuh - ywacmnuK npaeo3a- 
mumHOao dawKBHun e CCCP. npoeen a 3aKftio^euuu 6o- 
nae 7 /rem. C03dameni> OGutecmeeHHOso xOMitmema sa- 
mumbtceoSodbi coeecmu « Taxnuxa - Monodaxux Havana 
nevamamb pouiaM Knapxa. He oGparrue sHUMewufl Ha mo. 
wmo on 6bin nocmwen. noMuMo KQCMOnaema JleoHoea. 
tt>U3VKyu 6uccudenmy A.Q- Caxapoey. 

s nponaaaHduemCKaa KHuaa Humnaif PKoeneaa, nanpae- 
nBHHBR, e mot* wcne, npomva coaemcxux duccudeHmoe 
B caoux BOcnoMowaMUHx axadeMUK Caxapoe wajea/r amo 
udeonosuvecxoe npou3eadanue «npoeoxauuoHnoQ no- 

IMbM* 

"Canuaep- ozepo hb ceaepo-sanade Teepcxou odnac- 
mu 



KAPTA- NS<I3-M 1005 



4 nPABA 1EJI0BEKA 



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3AKOHbl 3A3EPKAJlbfl 



B Haapanw rocTMHMya «Acca» -Hen36e>KHoenpH- 
CTaHMuje KOMaHflMpoBOHHoro. Koraa-TO nyMwan roc- 
TUHHLia CeBepHoro KaBKasa, c npeTeH3nefi Ha OTenb 
MewAyHapOflHoro K/iacca, - ctpom/im tnoBaKM npw 
Ayiueee. CAanw b «nepayio BoiSHy». KoBpo/iMHOBoe 
noKpbiTue, flyiueebie k36mhkm c MaraBbiM CTeicnoM. 
OTKpbieaKDmMecfl bo scex nnocKoemx nnacriiKOBbie 
OKHa y, M3HiMHbieflepeBflHHbie cto/imkh b HOMepax. Ha 

BTOpOM 3T3)Ke - peCTOpaM C SenbIMM CKaTepTflMM. 

npocTOpHofi neiHeii Teppacow m xoncTeHHbiM NieHto 

npaeaa. 3tot ujmk 4eM flaribuje, ieM 60/ibwe 
3axne6biBaeTcn BencocTbio. HpecnOByTbie kobpojim- 
HOBbie noKpwTMH MecTaMM npoTepnwcb m yceanw Tew- 
HbiMW rwTHaMH caMOM npMHyA^HBOH 0opMbt. Croribi 
noLiapanaHbi. Or AyweBbix k36hhok OTBajiMeaioTCfl 
flBepubi m cTeHKM Bona m KpaHa TeneT c nepe6onMn. 
TenecpOHw TaMHCTBeHHbiM o6pa30M nepecrranw npw- 
HWMaTb Bxcwunite 3BOHKM. no/ioBWHa nepeMncneH- 

HblX B NteHK) 6/lrOA M TpM HeTBepTM HanHTKOB - OTCyT- 

CTBy«T K3K Kiiacc. nocneAwoio 5yTbinKy 6enoro BMHa 
B 3TOM SaBefleHUM, nOMHMTCfl, BbinHDM Mbl c npMflTenn- 

Mn->«ypHa/incTaMM nojTTopa rofla Ha3aA HoBoro ao 

CMX nop He 3aB63/lM. Ho, K3K 6bl TO hm 6bino, 6o/ibLue 
OCTaHOBurbCfl npaiovmecKH HerAe. M ana Tex, kto 
e3AHT ctOAa peryrtnpHo, «Acca» - aom poahom. 

CHAUM BTpoeM 3a CTOJIOM B OAHOMeCTHOM HOMe- 

pe Ha nflTOM srawe {arw KOMHa™ cnaSo OT/iMMaiQTCfl 
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Ha pbiHKe KpoMe o6u4ew paSoTbi nac oS-beAWHaeT ti 
oo"mee CTpeMneHme SoiiKOTiipoBaTb rocTMHMHHWM pe- 
cropaH- T3M Aoporo, HeMbicnHMO Mefl/ieHHO, Aa v* 
B0o6ne... KonMenan KOHMHa, noriKpyra cynyryHH, KMp- 
nn4 x/ie6a. sapanee npnnaceHHoe bmho. B yrny ene 

CJlbJUiHO JtCypMMT TenGBM30p. B0/lLUe6H0e yCTpOHCTBO 

«cpyMwaTop» to jim oiroHfieT, to rm ycwnnaeT 3no6- 

HblX KOMapOB. HeM He >KM3Hb? 

ripaBAa. pasrosop He axm Mepe3 napy MecnueB 
B Menne nap/iaMemTKMe BbiSopbr Me>KAyHapOAHbie 
opraHwsanMw cyeTjrrcfl -HaSnioAaTb? He Ha6nK3AaTb? 
flepratoT nac na 3Ty TeMy: «A Karosa Bawa no3WM«s?» 

14 nOHflTHO, HTO CBOQOAHbie Bbl6opbt He CBeTflT, Kax He 

CBeTH/iii b aBrycTe 2004, m b fletcaSpe. w b OKTaSpe 
2003, m eme paHbwe, a iwapTe (o6paTHafi xpoHO/iorvifi: 
anxanoBCKne swSopbi - KaAbipoBCKwe Bbt6opbi - koh- 
cTMTyMnoHHbifi petpepeHAyM), 

y ntof\ev\ cboSoaho B0^en3"bflBJiflTbca na cpoHe 
y6wiiCTB. noxHineHMti v> Apyrux «paAOCTeii» MecTHoro 
SbtrnR nonyMaeTCR nnoxoaaTO. fla m k peanbHOMy 
non«TvmecKOMy npoueccy bca 3Ta BbiSopnaq snonen 
HHKaKoro OTHOweHWH c caMOro Hana/ia He muena 




Tambsma floKUWHB - npedcedament Hn(popManuOHHo- 
uccnedoeamenbCKOso Uenrnpa «A&moc», Mocxaa 



TaTbHHa/lOKUJUHA 

CHa^ana cosflajin 
cpopManbHO nonnbHue 

BOeHM3WpOBaHHbJeCTpy- 

KTypbi v\ Tenepb c hmmm 
xeAoroBapwBaeMcfl. Ho, 
B OTniiHMe ot npeAbiAy- 
lilMx Ksex nonnTM^ecKo- 
ro npoLiecca». napTHw 
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Ka Ha 3tot pa3 nbiTaioTcn 

aKTHBHMMaTb fl^fl HMX 
O^eBMAHO, MToBOJIbUJllH- 

ctbo Kpece/i y»e noAe- 

iieHO. ho na ctbiKe nHTepecoB pasnH^Hwx KOHCpnwKTy- 
iolumx CTpytrryp ohm HaAe«TCFi nonyMMTb xOTb CKonb- 
ko-to Mecr b napnaMem-e, 

M ecnn nap/iaiweHT, nycib b caMow Mano« cTene- 
mm, ho see we CTaneT npornBOBecoM PaMsaHy KaAbi- 
poay u cwioBHKaM - nMeeM dm Mbi npaeo oth ewSopbi 
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cropOHOM» 3ByMaT <pa*He Hey6eA«TeribHo nocne 
CMepiv Macxaflosa no3wi4MM yMepeHHoro cenapa™c- 
TCKoro/iarepflcoBceMocna6nM.aAnanorcBacaeBbiM 
H YAyroBbiM s npuHunre neeoaMOKeH. A npw 3tom ... 

flMCKyccufl Ha8npaeT o6opotw Tonoca 3ByMaT 
see rpoMHe TAe-To b cepeAwne sbohmt TenecpoH 
npo>KHBaiomne AByMR OTawaMM HMM<e coTpyflHWKti 
«Me>«AyHapOfiHoii Amhhc™h» Bbtpawarar wenaHne 
ycnbiujarb. mto «e Mbi Bee co6npaeMCFi Ae/iatb b 
BnnwaMiueM SyAyiMeM. Bopwosy BTpyBiey no-aHrnwfl- 
ckh: «fla-Aa, noAHMMaiiTecb. Mepe3 5 MMHyr? fla, 

KOHeMHO, WA6M» 

Bot m cryK b Aaepb. nnTb MMHynr yxe npoSeMonn 
HAyoTKpbiaaTb. HaxoAyaaKaHmiBantppasy. PyKaywe 
na pyHKe ABepH. b ronoBe cpopMwpyeTCfl aHrno«biH- 
Hoe npHBeTCTBue. Boo6iag-to 3Aecb ne ctomt pacna- 
xnBaTb flsepb. ne nonHTepecoBaBiuncb npeABapM- 

Te/lbHO, KTO 3a H6H CTOMT. 

Ho a 3apaHee anato. kto mact, OTKpbiBaK) He 
3aflyMbiBaflCb. , m OKaswBatocb jiwqoM k nnuy c AsyMsi 
aM6anaMM a KawytpnnKe, nepnux Macscax, c «Kanau;- 
hmkobhmm» Hanepesec Ot neo>KMAaHHOCTM Tepstocb 
m asTOMaTHMecKw npoMSHOujy no-aHrriMMCKw: «Excuse 
me^w - aHanor Haujero; «npocTWTe, mto npMBeno Bac 
k HaM b cew noaAHMM nac?». 

He3B3Hbie rocru, noxo«e, BocnpMHHMaioT moio 
HeyMecTHyio ceHTenMrno Kate oco6o qMHM^Hoe ocrap- 
6neHMe Oahh opeT: «Ha33A. BbiCTpo! Cecrb' flOKy- 
MenTbi!» (loweMy-To HMKaKHe Mory nepecTpOHTbcn Ha 
npaBM/ibHbiMH3b!KWTOH. rionpocTy rosopn, OTKpOBeH- 

HO TOpMOMty. 

Boopy»ceHHafl Tyiua npHABwraeTcn cosceM 6nn3- 
ko, TonKaeT b nneno. TyT. HaKOHeq. npMXO»cy a ce6st 
fla m Konneni ywe OMeHH/iM c«Tyai4M»o, 



www karla org 




K!m i»f 



3aBfl3biBaeTCfl KopoTroe arpeccwBHoe npennpa- 
Te^bCTBo o tom, kto we KOMy AortweH nepflbiM noKaabi- 
saTb AOKyMeHTbt, Kax nonoweHO BxoAHTb b KOMHaTy vt 
K3K paarosapHBaTb. Ot HenpuBbNHoro wanopa npn- 
LiieribLibi noMaioTCfl OKaabisaeTca. wHryuiCKHM OMOH 

Bee aaKaHMMBaeTcn AoeortbHo 6biCTpo. Mu yAoc- 

TOBepWlMCb B TOM. ICTO OHH T3KHe. OhH - B TOM, HTO y 
H3C B nOpflflKe AOKyMeHTbl W HeT B3pbJBHaTKM B HeMO- 

AaHe. 3aT0 ecTb napa BHywHTenbHwx yAocTOBepe- 
nv\A Tyr 3BynaT nyroK aanoafianbie cnoBa o npoBepKe 
nacnopTHoro pewwMa h cfioxHoft oScTaHOBKe b pec- 
nygnnKe Mu ocTaeMca. Ohm yxoA«T. 

CaflUMCfl AonHBaTb buho w npQAQnwaTb paaro- 
Bop npoexa/iM. B cMbicne, mw-to npoexaniv Ho APy- 
me KMsyT KawAbJii AeHb c ownAaHneM tbkhx hqhhwx 
BM3HTOB. 06biHMwe riK)AH HecnocoSnbie 3aTKHyTb 

npHLUeflbqaM pOT HeTKHM 3HaHM6M TOrO. HTO AOTDKHO. 

h ocpHunanbHOii kopohkoh b npymany. A seAb HeMHs 
*MBeT nwenHO tsk. H Bee a 6ortbiueH cTenenw tsk 
HaMUHaeT )«MTb MHrvtueTMH. 



Ha cneAyioiAwiA AeHb- KaKoe-ro ceno, finanyiAaR 
)«eHU4viHa, y KOTOpow nocpeAW hohw aaSpann CbiHa 
3a6wpann npw CBHAeTensx - vi roBopunn, hto m 
POBfl. won, npoBepaT w oTnycTsrr. PoACTBeHHMKW, 
KOHesHO. no6ewann s POBfl, a t3m npo 3to BpoAe kbk 

3H3Tb HkWerO He 3HatOT 

HecKonbKO Anew ncKann napnn nepea nocpeflHU- 
kob He ivtomw HaiiTH H TyT HeownA3HHO Karati-TO 
aflBOKaT. ypoweHeuTorowecena, no aenaM OKaaanca 
B ypyc-MapTaHOBCKOM PyBOIIe. H kto-to na coTpya- 
hhkob eMy cKaaan k cnoBy. hto k hvim hbasbho ero 
oAHocenbMaHMHa npuBenn. 

AABOKaT ki pemn/1 nocMOTpeTb, hto Aa Kate, na- 
peHb n36nTbiii ene na norax ctohti H coaHanca aa 3*rn 
napy p,nevf bo Bcex npecTynneHMSx. MbicnwMbix w 
HeMbicnuMbix: nocoSHMHecTBO neaaKOHHbiM Boopy- 
weHHbiM <popMnpOBaHHRM, noAPbiBbi. xpaHeHMe opy- 

WMH .. AABOKaT. KOHeHHO. npMBbNHblH H TO yAUBMJlCfl: 

«3aneM Tbi Ha ce6st cronbfco scero noBecnn?» A na- 
peHb BopMOner «flpyroro BbixoAa ne Cwnow. Towe 

rtOHHTHO 

Aabokst noexan b ceno, paccKasan poAWTensM, 
KaKaa mnnmvm c cmhom npiwitoHHnacb. PoAHTenw 



OTT3KOM hoboctm onoMHMTbcn He ycnenw. 
6yKBa/ibno napa HacoB npoiuna - m k hum 
narpHHynn c o6b)CK0M wa Toro we PYBO- 
(1a. Uenan KaaanbKafla npnexaiia: ABa 
6p0HeTpaHcnopiepa, ABa SponnpOBaH- 
Hbix «ypana», ABa yaanxa n OAHa nerKO- 
eyiiiKa b npiiAany BpOAe pyccKHe n oahh 
MeweHeq c hmmh. 

noasann noH^Tbix, Becb aom nepe- 
pbinn - HH^ero ne Haiunn Xoaneea-TO ne 
coMHeBanncb. ^to y hhx Bee mucto. KaK 

TO^bKO CblH MCMe3, OHH C3MH AOM OOliia- 

punn ot nOAnona ao ^epAana - BApyr. He 
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hhx TaftKOM. BapocnbiM napeHb M ecnn 
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poA^TerwM He CTan 6bi AOKnaAwBaTbCfl 
Ho HeT, HHitaKoro opywMfl. Hn^iero n0AO3pnre/ibH0ro 
fla w napeHb y hhx oco6oii cMenocTbfO ne OTnunancfl 
- KorAa ceno 6oM6wnn. nepBbiw b noAsan Sewan, He 
pa36npafl Aopo™. ° T BbicrpenoB B3AparwBan KyAa 
ewy 8 6oeBHKM 

B oBineM, 3HariH xoaneBa. hto Bee b nopfiAxe M 
PyBOrioBqw, Ka3anocb, OTHannMCb KpvtMUHan o6h3- 
pywHTb. a noAKMHyTb npw noHRTbtx He pemanncb. 
CKaaanM. o6biCKaaKOHHeH TloHflTbieB npuxowytoBbiiu- 
jivi, m TyT oawh CTpaw nopflAKa b cnanbHe na-noA 
noAyujKn, KOTopyro ao aToro ABa pa 3a 6e3peaynbTaTHo 
nepeeopaMi/iean. Top«ecTBeHHo naeneK i-tepHwii na- 

KeT. a B HeM - B3pblBHOe yCTpO^CTBO. 

A BTopow no^ea na HepAa« w Tawi, cpeA^ CTapwx 
TpnnoK, «Hatuen» riMMOHKy riOHflTbix 3arHann o6paT- 
ho noTpe6oBann. htoSm noAnwcariM npoTOKonw. Ohk 
Aonro yroBapuBanw «Ecnn He noAnwiueTe, napHto 
xywe ByAeT Bbi we ManbMWKy TO^bKO BpeflMTe» Ohh 
noHTM cnoManwcb, Ho Bee-Taw He noA"nca^« 

Mto Aaribuje? fla HW4ero ByAeT «Teppop«cT» 
cuAetbAO cyAa. 

BpoAe TaKan oTxposeHHas, nerno AOKaayeMaa 
o>anbiiJHBKa Ho aAecb TaKwe npMrosopbi neKVT KaK 
SnktHbi. Mowho nonpoSoBaTb noAHHTb CTpaiiJHbm ujyM. 

HaWTH W Onn3Tl4Tb CliribHOrQ 3ABOK3Ta HeT, pOA^Te- 

nn peaK^e TenoAsuweHun npeAnpviHMMaTb Sobtcb, no 
KpaMHeti Mepe, noKa 

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hum, B HSonnTop BpeMeHHoro coAepwaHHs OPB-2 
KOTOpbiM b HeMHe no nbineLUHWM BpeMeHaM AeTeS 
nyrawT A TOTcaMbiw aABOKaT, ii3H3ManbH0 ero o6Ha- 
pyjKHBtuHti. B3H/1C3 BecTM Aeno v\ o6eiqan, hto SwcTpo 
Ao6beTcn nepeBOAa csoero unvieKTa noSnuwe k ceny 
b paiiueHTp Hy. n Aanbiue, rnBAi^b, yAacTCfl croeo- 

pHTbCH Ha MHHUMaflbHblii CPOK. rtOCHAUT ManbHMK 2-3 

roAa v BbmAST. Ctout sto HeAeiueBO, ho... 

AABOKaT 3HaeT, hto roB0pMT.HAo6wTbCfi nepeBO- 
Aa, V\ CpOK CKOCTUTb - 33 COOTBeTCTBytOlAytO M3Ay 
B03MO>KHO M pOACTBeHHMKH, K3K TOJIbKO nOFIBnseTCfl 

noAoSHan nepcneiawBa, cpaay neperrraioTwa/ioBaTb- 
cn h npocflT kix Aeno or/iaCKe ne npeAasaTb 

HaeepHoe, npw Haiueii paSOTe MaAO hsctomhwbo 
ySewAaTb pOAMTeneii «6opOTbCfl aa cuna npaeoBbiw 
nyTeM». Ho ne OTnycKaeT Mbicrib, hto c 3tmm caMNM 



KAPTA" t*fi-*A IO0S 



4 



MA 1EJ10IEKA 



1B9 



npaBOBWM nyrewi eMy Bee 20 BnaniOT, a no-ApyrOMy, 
MOweT. aeficTBMTenbHO. napoti neT OTflejiaercn, w 
noroM ceMbn ero ompasMT M3 MeHHM noAanhtue, 

napaaoKc o kotopnm BbeuibCR, KaK n6oM 06 
CTeHy Ecnn He cneflOBaTb npasoeoMy nym Me ribt- 
TaTbCfl 3acTaBHTb 3aKOH paSoTaTb. 3flecb rn^ero hm- 
rarfla He H3MeHHTcn. 3to oneeHflHo. Ho mto AenaTb 
Koraa, HacranBan na npaBOBOM noflxoae, Tbi Mowewb 
noBpeflMTb, a nenoMo^b KOHtcpeTHOiwy. xwBOMyHeno- 
BeKy? 

BenepOM mw ywe s TposHOM flpmoTHBiuaH Mens 
noflpyra AenHTCfl hoboctbmk: «K hsm HeaaBHO npwxo- 
flflT b aom, roBQpsr - nyjKHo nnaTerrb KOMMywajibHwe 
n/iaTemkv OTBenato; aflaaaCiTe C yAOBonbCTBweM 3an- 
nany. TonbKO CKa>KMTe, sa hto? 3a BOAy c paaocrbto 
aaruiany, TonbKO nycTtrre ee cnaHana. Mbi ee b KpaHe 
SonbLue rhtm neT He BMAenw 3a ceeT - c yfloso/ib- 
cTBueM, ecnw aneKTpuMecTao 33HOB0 npoaeaeTe 3a 
QTonneHne? 3awieHaTenbHO, oho hsm coBceiw He no- 
wemaeT. CKawwTe, noraa >KAaTb» Hy, yiunw. KOHe^HO, 
Kyaa 6 ohm Aenncb?». CMeeMCR Mb) 3Aecb. BooBme. 
HenpepbiSHO cweeMcn, 

3Ta ceMbn, Matb \a MeTBepo AeBoneK. bck> Bowny 
ne Bbie3«ana H3 Tpo3Horo CHa^ana ne co6panncb, 
fla m He owwAanM. 4to tsk HtecTOKo ByfleT, a noTOM 
OKasanocb hosaho Cawioe cTpawHoe Bpewia nepecw- 
AexiH b noABanax OAHa w3 AeBOMeK BeqepoM sa naeM 
Mne paccKasbiBana. mto b ux noABan 3a6e>xana co6a- 
Ka c oropBaHHOM nenoBewecKQfi to/iobom b 3y6ax 
CoSaKH. 6poujeHHbiey6eraBLijMMw W3 ropoAamOAbMH. 
6p0Annn no ynuuaM, oSrnaAbiBaJiM Tpynw. nb«Henn 

OTKpOBM. «TaKCTp3LliH0 6binO!» -AeS^OHKaBCTpflXM- 

saeT ronoBo« m cweeTcn 

8 ropOAe cnyMafino CTanKMBatocb c weHiAWKOtf us 
TyAepMeccKoro pawona, JImsow, cecTport M3BecTHoro 
no/iesoro KOMaHAupa BaxwAa Mypflaweaa l~l03HaKo- 
MMfiwcb Mbi npoujnoM 3HMOti. ^epe3 napy Mecaues 
nocne roro, ksk «KaAbipoBLibi» B3nnw b 3ano>KHKKw ee 
iwaTb. cecrpy h CHoxy, a poaobow aom cowrnn Bee. 
MTofibi BbiiwaHHTb 6paTa. TorAa Jlwaa nnaKana. cmot- 
pena e CTopoHy. roBopuna nonywenoTOM 

Tenepb, ynbi6ancb bo Becb poi\ paG- 
CKasbiBaeT, mto 25 anpenn ee poahwx 
OTnycTMriH A 3a^eM mx 6bino Aepwatb, 
pas MypAameBa bsahh TaM »e. rAe y6nnn 
MacxaAoea 9 Marb Ka>KAoe yTpo npocbi- 
naeTcn v\ njia^eTOT c^acTbH, noBepwrb He 
MOweT, mto nocne MHoroMecnnHoro cuAe- 
HMfl b xonoAHOM. rpH3HOM noAsajie mow- 

HO BOT TSK. H3 HMCTOM nOCTenH. M MT06bl 

conneMHwii nyn nori3 no nOAOKOHHHxy. 

«flowi. 0Ka3WBaeTCfl. cowrnw y hmx na 
rnasax! A noTOM ohm Ay warm - pacCTpe- 
hbiot. ysesnuBnec HocTaBunn ABTOMa- 
tn BCKMHynM M ace Ha KaMepy CHHManw. 
Ho ne Tponynii Bpocunw b cbipyto sn/iy. 
TaMorpoMHbieKpbicbi6erank!,TpoecyTOK 
npoAepxann. M 3a 3tm Tpw ahji k hum hm 
oamh nenoseK He noAOiuen. I"Iotom nepe- 
Be3/in, wy. caMM 3HaeTe KyAa. H 8 noABane 

0CI8MAK. 



riBTb MecqueB ohm caeTa He BMAenw H Mbimcs 
He Aaaanw MaTb see tbshk c boaom npocuna. C hmx 
copomkh KJiOHbHMwcnoJt3a™ AcecTpa BceaTospeMB 
npopwAana - we Morna TepneTb. KaK e ApyHX Kawepax 
riFOAn ot nbiTOK Kptmar 

Hya6paTace«Macarpo3Hb(MnepeBenn.BCH30 
B BepxoBHOM CyAe no ero Aeny cnyuiaHbn naMHyicsi 
Mepe3 HeAenK) OSpatnaioTCfl BpoAe HOpwanbHO. eew- 
nuBO m nepeAa^H y mbhs npMHtiMatoT V\ booSiab, see 
xopoujo AABOKaTa He nocoseTyeTe? HaM cwnbHbiw 
aABOKaT Hy>KeH. Om. KaK xe npn«THo Bac noBCTpe- 
MaTb 1 HeT. Hy hbao me\ CeiiHac KaK pa3 us CM30 my 
MaTb flnn 6paTa ra^yiueK cAenana. Hy n eiye noKy- 
iuaTb. MBceB35fjin.acyA0^eKHa3aABepHynw»,-rin3a 
cmieT ynbiBKOM, b npaeoPi pyKe 3a>KaT0 CMHee nnacTH- 
KOBoe seaepKO 

C BMAy sa nocneAHUM roa b ropOAe CTano nonyw- 
we. TAe-TO hto-to nocrponnn. rAe-To ^to-to noAKpa- 
cwnn. YnnHHOiii peiuiaMbi Bee Sonboie Ka^e Ha Kaw- 
A0M yr/iy >Kw3Hb. 3aMemeHHafl Ha crpaxe v\ aScypAe. 

3HaK0Mbiii no Mockbb nonnTtexHonor, noAnw- 

CaBUJMHCH «OKyMMBaTb» OAHy Vt3 AeMOKpaTHHeCKMX 

napTHti na napnaMeHTCKnx Bb(6opax, o6b«CHseT sa 
MamKOii Kocpe «Caiw napnawieHT ne peujMT hhkskhx 
npo6new, ho MoxeT oTxpbiTb xOTb ManenbKne nepc- 
netCTMBbi Ans ManeHbKMx no6eA W ecnw y ntoAeii 
nostBMTca xoTb Kakan-To nepcneKTMBa . to. MoweT 6biTb , 
co BpewieHeM, nocTeneHHo Kohcmho. 6onboJMMCTBo 
Mecr ywe noAeneno, ho HaM abiot noHATb, sto ne- 

MHOJKKO MOJKHO OTXBaTHTb». 

ycMexaeTcn. Otboaut rjia3a. Co crenbi A°Ma 
HanpoTUB ynbigaeTCfl rnfaHTCKMki PaM3an KaAbipoB c 
opAeHOM repofl Poccmh wa rpyAM. Doa nopTpeTOM 
waAnwcb «3acjiyjKHTb narpaAy - sna^nT A06wTbCfl 
noBeAbiH. 

JlornKa naspameHHan ao wsyMneHwa Mnp bbbpx 
Ahom. Mnp Han3HaHKy. EcnH b neM noHBuTcn napna- 
MeHT - xywe He oyAeT. Hto c hum, 4to 6e3 Hero - >KW3Hb 
no 3aKonaM sasepKaribfl. 




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HMKO/iaPi BOrAAHOBMH 

B 3tk flH W.23- 26 OKTflgps, Tpn rofla H33aflHama 
crpaHa CMfle/ia y Tene8M30poB u cneAuna 3a Teiw. -ito 
nponcxoAMT s TeaipanbHOM qenTpe Ha AyBpoBxe 
Kax To/ibKo Ha npocropax OTenecTsa cnyMaeicfl o-ie- 
peflMOii MaciuTa6MwS TeppopucTH-iecKwti aicr, oGiue- 

CTBeHHOCTb BHOBb 3aflaeTCfl OflHMMM M TeMU wecraH- 

flapTHbiMH BonpocaMii: «KaK 3mo Moeno cnymimbCft? 
Kmo donycmun? Momho nu 6bino npedomepa- 
mumt,?..» Hei. reiua tepaKTOB stwmh BonpocaMH He 
ncnepnbiBaeTca, ho mmbhho k hum o6biHHo w cboaht- 
en ny6nuiMHoe oScywfleHne 

Korfla we flMCKyccMH oBocTpqeTcn ao nocraHOB- 
kh aonpoca: «Kmo mnKpemno euHoeam e zudenu 
KOHKpemHoao xe venoeeKa?» ~ cneayeT craHAapT- 
Ht>iM otb6t: «nodwndume, cnedcmeue pa36upaemcft, 
a noKa em§ nozoeopuM o. . » - cmotpm Bonpocbt H3 
npeflbiflyujero aSsaqa. M HeBteflriHBafi o6mecTBeH- 
HOCTb npOAonwaeT paaroBop «Boo6me»... 

A mto we cneflCTBMe? C/ieflCTBne no «Hopa- 
Ocry» HfleT Tpw rofla. h Mbi BCe Wflew. noKa oho 
cxaaceT, «kto we bmhobbt b m6enn KOHKpeTHororpaw- 
AaHHHa?» OraeT 3tot, Bnpo-ieM. ocTaneTCH caMbrM 
3awHTepecoBaHHbiM - ocTanbHwe csoe ywe oicnpa- 

UJHSanM H OTrOBOpMJTM 

B qenoM BceoTBeTbi c/ieflCTBwa y«eflaBHOM3Be- 
cthn: b rn6enn 3anowHMKOB BWHOBa™ TeppopMCTbi. h 

TO/lbKO DHH, BC6 TeppOpMCTbl y6HTbt; CyflMTb HeKOro 

PaccneAOBaHne yro/ioBHoro flena Nfi 229133, koto- 
poe Beaei MocKOBCKaa ropoflcxa* npoKypaTypa. BHOab 
n BHOBb npoflrmeTCfl - flo hommkh BacaeBa. ycT3H0B- 

JieHUfl JTMMHOCTH HeCKOJlbKHX TeppOpHCTOB V, yTO-IHe- 
HHH HeKOTOpblX BTOpOCteneHHblX CpaKTOB. 

KOHeMHO, 6yKBoeflbi Moryr pasBupaTb AOKyiweH- 
Tbi, - Hanpn«ep. nocraHOBJieHWfl o npoflneHwii cnefl- 
CTBwn - MHTepecoBaTbcn Me;io-<aMK h AeTa/iHMH 

MOWH0 yflHS/THTbCfl (pOpMyjlHpOBKaM, TMna nOBTO- 

peHHoro He MeHee 35 pa3 «maKou-mo, Konmponupyn 
3a noeedenueM 3anoxHUKoe. nepeMemariCR no 3any» . 
MowHoncc/ieflOBaTbcpaKTM4ecKneHecypa3ML|bi w He* 

CTbtKOBKM. HTO-TO BblflBriHTb H npeflCTaBTlflTb 06lfle- 
CTSeHHOCTM, H 33 BCeM 3TMM nOXOpOHHTb nCHbie M. 

Kasanocb Sbi ones hah bie Bemn 

fla. sTOBawHbie Bonpocw: «Kanmemeppopucmbi 
npoCpanucb e Mocmy u opzaMUZoeanu amany? Bbinu 
y mux eapbiQHue ycmpoucmea unu ec$-maw Myna- 
xu 7 Moxho nu 6bino npaeufibHo eecmu c humu nepe- 
eoeopbt?» - h TaK aajiee HcKaTb na hhx oTBeTbi - 
SeaycJiOBHO, Bawno, ho 3Ta paBora npewjie acero 
yBenM-tuBaer ypoBeHb «MHcpopMai4noHHoro ujyMa«. 
HopManbHwfi wenoseK npocro we mowst cToribKO ne- 
pepaSoTaTb h ocMbic/iMTb. A b MTore. 3a6biBaa npe- 
flbiAyuiKM Tepairr. oSmecTBeHHocTb 3aHMMaeTCs yxe 
cneflyromHM. 



CneflCTBHe He KOMMeHTupyer m ne nySnwKyeT 
pe3//ibTaTbi CBoeti paGoTbi -flo saKpbtTMa flena ny6- 
jiHKoaaTb He eenuT yronoBHo-npoueccyajibHbiM ko- 

fleKC. 3aM6THM, KCTaTH, HTQ, COITiaCHO npUHMMaeiMO- 

My cetinac flyMow 3aroHy o napnaMenTCKON/i paccne- 
A0B3hm«, «Hopfl-OcT» Tenepb TaKOBOMy paccneflo- 
BaHkiio ne noflnewwT no Toii we npHMUHe: aeno He 
saxpbiTa, cneflCTBuenpoAneeaeTCfl. OopManbHoeoc- 
HosaHne A^is npofliieHMR - BacaeBa ne noHMajw. 
nosTowy nora hto pawo. A Ha csmom Aene? Ot newe- 
jianHfl noKasbieaTb coScTBeHHyw 6e3rpaM0TH0CTb? 
He To/ibKO He xoienw RBrmTb Miipy MTeHfleHMnio^ 7 

Beflb. K3K HV\ nNT3nHCb «CnpflT3Tb K0HL4b( B BOfly». B 

AOKyMenTax ohm bmahw fla, ho we b stom cyrb. 

TnaBHOewe, no-MoeMy, btom. hto b xoAe TepaK- 
7a oSiflecTBeH HOCTb yBOflnxiacb ot ochobhoto m o-ie- 
BMflHoro sonpoca: neHeHCKaa BOfiHa nopowflaeT Tep- 
pop«3M. m paccMaTpMBaTb nyWHO npewfle Bcero 3Ty 
CBWKy. B xofle caMoro TepaxTa wypHaiiHCTbt 3aAaBa- 
rfwcb BonpocaMn: «CmnbKQ 3anoxHUKoe? Ecmb nu y 
mux numa? Kmo 6ydem nepeaoeapueambcn? KaKoea 
ncuxonoeua meppopucmoe"' Km eecmu c humu nepe- 
soeopbt? Hado nu udmu um wa ycmynKU?» — h TaK 
Aaiee He CT3Bnncfl rnaBHbiii sonpoc; flo -le-ieHCKOM 
BOMHbl p33rOB0pa O T3K0M Teppopn3Me we SblJlO B006- 

me- 

Te, kto ctovit aa cjieflCTBweM. m cePiMac xoTenw 
6bi. MT06w npeflCTaBneHHbie-iacTHbieBWBOflb) yBenm 
o6mecTBeH HOCTb ot rriSBHoro n o6ujero Bonpoca 
ecnH ecTb Taroe fleneHwe KaK reppopn3M. to cyme- 
CTByeT nu y rocyflapcTBa BoswiowHocTb peamposaTb 
aAeKBatHo? He CMTyaTHBHO. a B03fleMCTBys Ha nopo- 

flUBUJUe TeppOpVI3M npMMMHbt? A eC^M H CHTySTMBHO, 

to c yneTOM KOHTeKCTa w npw-iHH? 



KoHe-iHo, He acerAa ctomt Bcnefl 3a wepTBaiwin 
Teppopa v) KOHTpreppopa cTaBiiTb noflcoMHeHwe caMy 
BOSMOWHOCTb npuMeneHMfl cki/ibi. 3flecb pe-ib Boece 
we noMfleT o tom. -ito we HaAo ufrypMOBaTt Teppopw- 

CTOB, yflepWHBaiOLLjtIX 3anOWHHKOB, 

Ho Korga Taioa onepamiH oBtsBnaeTca SrtecrH- 
u\evi nepe3 HersepTb qaca nocne ee OKOHHaHws, to 
ecTb «He 3aAyM3Biuncb». -cTaHOSnTcn hohfitho. hto 
nocne 3Toro «3aflyMbtaaTbCfiw Ten* 6onee He SyflyT. A 
MH$opM3uti>o o Tpynax 5yAyr BbiflaBaTb nopmiflMM. 

As, Poccmh vi secb mud Obinn LuoKupoeaHbi Kafl- 
paMii, Ha KOTopbix SbiJia sane-iaTnens nnotuaflb, sa- 
BaneHMafl TenaMH. n aBTo6ycw. KyAa rpy3wnw eifle 
WMBbix. 3t(i cteMKH 6biJin npowsBefleHbi 6e3 paspe- 
LueHnq «cnnasuKOB» n b AanbHeiiiijeM Bbtseanii Ha- 
jari bcraeHHw ft mea. 



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Ho Mano kto anaeT, hto pyKOBOAHTenM onepaynn 
«6naropa3yMHO» ne noKa3ann hsm flpyroe, 114 Tpy- 
noB3ano«HHKOB, KOTopbieyMepnvicpa3y. Ha Mecie, v\ 
Tpuflqarb-copOK TpynoB xeppopHCTOB He BbtHOCMnw 
M3 3flaHWR ao 16:00 ahh 26 OKTn6ps. KOrfla o6uje- 
CTBeHHOCTM bcs eiAe KpuHanw o «3aMewaTenbHo npo- 
BeflSHHoii onepaunn» To. 4to Ten 33jio>khmkob Suno 
114. cneAyer ti3 «riocTaHOBneHMa o npon/ieHMW pac- 
cneAOBaHMfl yronoBHoroAfiJiaw AcKonbKoSbinoTep- 
popHcroa - Tyr eonpoc. H Tonnee 6bino 6bi cK333Tb: 
«copoKTen niOfleit. npHMMcneHHWx KTeppopwcTaMw, 
- HeKoropwe M3 TpynoB, AOCTaBneHHbix b JlecpopTOB- 
ckhw Mopr BAanbHeiSujeM oKasanwcbTenaMw 3ano>K- 
hmkob Mbicnn o tom. He yAanocb m KOMy-To M3 
TeppopHCTOB yum 6ecnorannn o5mecTB6HHocTb c 
caMoro Han an a Buammo. cneACTBiie xoTeno 3acrpa- 
xoBaTbca ot TaKMx coMHeHHM w 6pano Tena «c sana- 

COM». 

fleiicTBMTenbHo, pyraBOAUTenM onepaqwu roBo- 
pnni* npaBAy: «6onbwaH MacTb 3ano*HiiK08 ocbo- 
5o?KAeHa» - ho He bck) npaBAy: bma TaKoro Konnne- 
CTBa TpynoB Mor CMa3aTb omymeHtie no6eAbi 

Bot oh3. AncTaHLtMfl Me>KAy peanbHOCTbio h ca- 
mwm GMenbiM ee npeACTaBnewweM: noi<a wypHanwc- 
Tbi, a BCneA mm k mw ywacanwcb KaApaM. cnflTbiM 
CHapywn sAaHwft, BHyTpn newann nonTopacrra Ten. 
cpeAH KOTOpwx - 6onbwe CTa sanoxcHHKOs! 

ripuMepHOTaKaq weAKCTaHLivis Meway chokho- 
CTbfO m 3H3HHMOCTbto npoSnewbi h ypOBHew ee 06- 
cy>KAeHHR Bonpocw 3aAatOT k oahom cnowMBweiicji 
aepc«M — ocpuqwanbHovi. c Heiii ne cornaiuaKJTCR. ee 
ocnapuBatoT. 

fleno «e TonbKO b tom, mto cneACTBMe aohkho 
6wno paccMaTpHBaTb ne OAwy «eAHHCTBeHHo eep- 

riVKJ» BepCWK) COGblTVIM. a BCe B03MO>KHbie. 

Pa3Hbie BepCHM co6biTnfi ecTb y pasnyx mx y4a- 
cthhkob CaMMCo6biTHflTaKoroMacujTa6a-CTonKHO- 
seHne MHomx, no KpawHeii Mepe. A&yx (TeppopucTbi n 
cunw aHTmeppopa} Bonb. b^ashhs w noHMMaHwn npo- 
ncxoAHmero. nnanos » naMepeHMti. 

HaKOHeu. ecTbpa3Hbie«Bepcnn6yAyLAero»,pa3- 

Ubie BOSMO>KHOCTM pa3BUTHH H HCXOfla C06blTMI/l BeAb 
8 AeMCTBMTenbHOCTM HO XOAV pa3HWe BOHM pa3HblX 

ynacTHUKOB CTanKHBaroTCfl, nnaHbi He ocyLAeCTsnn- 
(OTCfl. CwTyaMMR nopoio CTaHOBurcR HenpeACKasye- 

MOSt.BOSHMKaiOTWpaSBHnKMM, KOrAaOTAeftCTBMti KOH- 

KpeTHwx ntoflew BecbMa MHoroe sasHCMT A 3HaM«T, 

3TM /UOAI* CTaHOBflTCS OTBeTCTBeHHbl 3a BCe. MTO 

nponcxoAMT BAanbHeMiueM. 

Hbine ecTb «renepanbHafi nwHvifl» cneACTBMB. 
cnyMHnocb to, 4to eAuncTseHHO Morno cny^MTbcn. 
CTMnb AewcTBwfi b nepsbie MunyTw nocne peujeHMfl 
06 onepauiiM y hbc onpeAenseT Bee AanbHefiiuee 

Bot. Kcra™. h Tenepb b Becnawe nocnaHHbi^ 
TyAa 3aMreHnpotcypopa KonecHMKOB nwujb noATeep- 
4nn cneACTBHe Becb toa 6wno «Ha eAUHCTBeHHO 
eepHOM nyTM». 

TaK ohm nbrraioTCfl coxpaHHTb ocTaTKH AoeepHfl 
k npaBooxpaHHTenaM TonbKOBOTnoHHMaTb3Tocno- 
30 «Aoeepwe» moj«ho no-oa3HOMy. Mo>kho pyKOBOA- 

CTBOBaTbCH npaBHnaMU «Mbl CaMU XOTMM yCTaHO- 



BUTb MCTMHy. Mbl npOBepfleM BCe CpaKTbl. Mbt AeiicTBy- 

eM MaKCHMaribHO otkpwto. tsk, HTo6bi hh y koto He 

B03HHKnOCOMHeHMH B HSUjeii npeAB3BT0CTH». A MOW- 

HOAepwaibCfl «reHepanbHOHnnHnn». cxoAy oTpvman 
Bee ocTanbHue Bepcwn 

BOT TyT Mb) HaXOAMMCH y «pa3BMnKM». 

MroAon>KHbi6binn 6bt CKa3aTbo6mecTBeHHOCTn 
pyKOBOAnTenn rocyflapcTBa? «Hd§m cnedcmeue 
npuvuHM sudenu ntodeu u euHoenbie ycmanaenuea- 
iomcB». Ho npH stom Heo6xoAHMo6bino cpa3y pasfle- 
nwTb paccneAOBanvie AByx cK»«eTOB 

nepBWVI - AeMCTBMfl TeppOpMCTOB. TO, K8K kIM 

yAanocb npoHMKHyTb b MoCKBy, noAroTOSHTb m ocy- 
mecTaHTb 3axBaT TeaTpanbHoro uenTpa. - HecoM- 
neHHO, AOnwHa Swna paccneAOsaTb OeAepanbHaa 
cnyw6a 6esonaCHOCTn. 

Ho bot b paccneAOBaHnw BToporo ctoxeia - 
noAroTOBKH m ocymecTBneHMH uiTypMaTeaTpanbHoro 
ueHTpa. a xoAe KOToporo norn6nwi niop,vi (He Ba>KHO 
KTO-sanoxcHHKH hjih TeppopucTbi, BeAb nocneAHHe. 
SyAy^H cxBaneHbi sKUBbiMM, npeACTaBnaioT oco6biii 
HHTepec Ana cneACTBMn), hh b xoeM cny^ae hhhb 
KaKoti Mepe ne Aonwna 6wna yuacTBosaTb OCB. 

(IpHHHHa - OMeBMAHa: «4T06bl npeAOTBpaTHTb B03- 

M05t(HocTb 0anbcn(|5WKai4ww BeiyecTBeHHwx A0Ka3a- 
TenbCTB H o6cTonTenbCTB no Aeny » BeAb 3anHTepe- 
coBaHHocTb BeAOMCTBa 6wna 3A©Cfa oihlukom o^e- 

BUflHa. 

CAenaHO 3to He 6bmo. 

OaKTbi « Apyrne oBcTosrrenbCTBa. BbixoAnLAtie 
3anpeAenbi «reHepanbHOMn«HMM». KOTopbiecnynaw- 
ho Mourn nonacTb a op6i4Ty cneACTBun, He paccMaT- 
pMBanwcb. oTMeTanncb yweno c^opwynnpoBaHHbi- 
mm n «npaavinbHO» nocTaeneHHbiMM aonpocaMn k 
CBHAeTenaM m SKCnepiaM vim )Ke npfiMO 0anbcw0n- 
!4MpoB3HHbiMn sKcnepTwsaMM Bee. HToecTaBano no- 
nepeK 3tom «AOporM», OTHoewnocb Ha o6oMMHy w 
yHMHT0)«an0Cb. 

To we caMoe noBTopnnocb ABa rcfla cnycTn e 
BecnaHe. nocne Toro. KaK jimhms cneACTBHft 6bina 
onpeAenena: «Bo aceM bmhobst BacaeB», - see Ba- 
n«M na nero m Ha MepTBbix 6aHAMTOB 

B cneACTBeHHbix AOKyMeHTax 6yAeT sanwcaHO. 
wto opy>Kne n MHCTpyKquw 6bin« nonynenbi «y neyCTa- 
HOBneHHbix nnu( b HeycTaHOBneHHce BpeMa b HeycTa- 
HosneHHOM Mecrrew n bc6 noA pyKOBOACTBOM OAHoro 
n Torowe BacaeBa, KOTopbifi caMonnHHO vt co6ctbsh- 
Hopy^HO nepeAan xeppopvicTaM qyTh nii He Ka>KAbiii 
aBTOMaT m xaxAbiii naTpon. -a 6onbiue bn TaM hohtvi 
hto HHnero h He HaiiAeTe 

TeppopucTOB He Aonpocunw. nocKonbKy Te Mep- 

TBbl. Coo6lAHHKOB He HUjeM. HT06bl SanOHHHTbTOMa 

yronoBHoro Aena w co>opMyniipoB3Tb oOaMHeHMe, 
nerne Bcero noAUJMTb k Aeny p3CtunQ>pOBxn nepero- 
BopoB no Mo6nnbHbiM TenecpoHaM - TyT seAb ot 
cneAoaaTeneii Hnwero He TpeoyeTca . BceAaAyTcaMM 
onepaTOpw cotobom cbhsh h cny>«6bi nepexaaTa. 

Korfla Bee BannT na MepTBbtx. ecnn CBHASTenb 
Moxet BApyr 3aroBopMTb nanepeKOp «reHepanbHoft 
miHt*t»», -T3KMx cenAeTeneti mojkho cAenaTb MepT- 
bwmm KaK J^HAapSneBa nocne «HopA-OcTa». KaK 






KAPTA' »43-A4 2005 



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Macxa^oBa nocne BecnaMa. M ecnn kto apyroii BQ3- 
HWKHeT. y Hero eCTt Luanc CTaTb MepTBwM. 

MecflLi aa Mecflqeiu Haw roBOpwnn o tom. mto 
«npaMOi^ cbh3h uexfiy npuweHeHneM rasa n rn6enb(0 
nwaeii HeT» Xots cooTBeTCTey toman «3Kcneprn3a» 
noflBMnacb ronbKO b cpespa/ie 2003 rofla, ycnri wh ann 
«noATBep>«AeHWR» OTcyTCTBHn stow cbasm npeflnpn- 
HUManncb c caiuioro H3Mana - cnpocnTe apaMeii. mto 
neHwnn nocTpaflaBiijMX. Aa^s cjieflCTBHB SToyreep- 
>KfleHne c caworo waMana cTano 3kcwomoh. 

CaMH cneAoeaTenn flouinw ao stow npeiuyAPOc- 
th wnw mm npoAMKToaanti - b aaHHOM cnynae He 
b3)«ho npHHaAnestHocTb Tex, kto npKMeHfifl ra3, w 
Tex. kto paccnefloaan. k OAHOMy h TOMy >Ke BeAOM- 
CTBy npeAonpefiennna Tarofi bwboa- 

A ohm, b cbokj o^epeAb. AOBenn ao SKcnepTOB 
HywHbie 0opMyntipOBKn BonpocoB m OTBeTOB AMano- 
cmmho npw onpoce noTepneBiunx. to em. sanowHH- 
KOB, OCTaBLUMXCfl B WWBblX. WTypMe hm 33A3Bann 
oamh BOnpoc: «Kax ydanocb Bbi6pambc» U3 3ana?» 
PacnpocTpaHeHHbiii, noApoBHbiti otbbt He noompfl/i- 
cn. HnKaKnx yT04HHioiyi4x Bonpocoa He aaAaBann 

Bot. HanpuMep. npocrow eonpoc: noMeiwy HMen- 
no KawAbiw BOCbMovi 3ano>KHHK Ha flySpoBKe OKa3an- 
en HactofibKO «noABep>KeH cTpeccy». mto yMep 7 rio- 
MeMy cpeAW opKecrpaHTOB - aooOuje cpeAW cuAeB- 
ujhx b 3ane BMecre c hhmh - stot npoqeHT cyme- 
CTBeHHO 6onbiue, hsxoahtch 3a npeAenaMH fiio6ow 
CTaTMCTWMecKOfi norpeajHOCTH? Pa3yMeeTca. stot 
Bonpoc6yAeTOT5poiueH KaKHeoTHoesLUMHCfl Kfteny 
(loMeMy oTcyrcTBMe soflbi u orpaHM^eHHe ABiDKeHHii 
BnuBJioHamoAefi TSKwsSwpaTenbHo? Botoauh cnp«- 
TaBniwScflaa/iOKHHK.nponewaBLUHMTpHAHfiSeaABM- 
weHKfl Ha xonoAHOM nony. ~ npaBAa. BHe spme/ibHo- 
ro 3ana! -oCTa/icfl jkhb rioneMy? MaTepn. noTepaB- 
uine AeTefi, 33A3iot sth Bonpocbi, ho pe3ynbT3Tbi 
cneACTBMfl SyAyr snoriHe owHAaeMbiMfi. 

B oahom vt3 HeAaBHMX cepwki «MeHTOB» CMMna- 
TUHHbiw b MeM-To Aswe nepcoHaw aok^sawss/i Ha- 
Ma/ibCTBy 06 HTorax psccneAoaaHwn nopyseHHoro 
eMyAena: «HecHacrHbt$i CTiyMavi'w (Aeno wnoKKOHyy 
roAa. w HaAo Gfaino nosbiiuaTb pacKpbiBaeMOCTb). Ha- 
^anbCTBO yAHBHDOCb: BeAb pyKH yTonneHHMKa 6binn 
cB?i3aHbi 3acnnHoii ckotmbm. BcepAueTopMan urrbipb. 
a Teno 6bino ynaKOBaHO b cyMKy. 3acTerHyryto Ha 

«MO/lHkSK)». 0AH8K0 H3 3TO 6biJl OTBeT: Ha MOCTy 

HenoeeK pa3MaTbtBan ckoth, sanyTanca, ynan, nano- 
poncs Ha LiiTbipb. BHH3y CTOnna cyMKa. Koropaa b 
nafleHMn 3acTerHynacb. Bot m cnpaBKa us TiiApOMeT- 
qeHTpaoTOM, MTOBeTepAynBHy!«HOMHanpaBneHHM. 
(IpaBAa. b cpwibMe 3Ta ujyrKa 6biTOBana b KanecTse 
nerxofi MunnqeiiCKofi caMOKpHTMKM... 

B 5KM3HM -MHane 

KorAa ccpopMynnpoBaHa nreHepanbHan /ihhham. 
AanbHertiuee cboS noBeAeHne BnacTH MoryT crpowTb 
Tax, mto «HeyAo6Hbie» Bonpocw npocTo He Aon)KHbi 

B03HMKaTb. 

rnaBHbiPi npufeM Sflecb - 3a AeticTBMTenbHoe 
BMJtWOT wenaeMoe. C03Aa«T BMpTyanbHoro npoTKB- 
HkiKa, TOro, kto «nrpaeTB noflAaBicn» TaKOro, kotopo- 
ro mojkho 6b)no 6bi no6eAHTb b y»e CBepiuHBujefics 
onepai4nn 



Bo-nepBbix, npoTMBHHK3T0T HeocTaBJifleT snac- 
tam HHoro pemeHMfl, KpoMe CHnoBoro. TeppopHCTw 
SKoSw ne Moryr ccpopMynnpoBaTb acHbie. KOHKpeT- 
Hbie m BbinofiHUMwe Tpe6oB3HHfl. He npocTO ji03yHr 
«BbiBOA bohck!». a ocyti^ecTBUMbfii v\ KOHTponnpye- 
Mbiw nnaH Havana 3Toro npouecca BnponeM, Bnoc- 
neflCTBMH sto yTBep)KAeHMeoKa3biBaeTCfl nowbio, ho 
yxe no3AHo: o6mecTBeHHocTb 06 stom nnaHe He 
y3Hana, a TeppopHCTw. yBHAeB, ksk mx «o6pe3atOT» 
Ha TenesiiAeHHH, TonbKO ciinbHee o6o3rm;iMCb, mto 
He Momo He CKa3aTbca Ha nonoxeHnw aanowHUKOB. 
Ho p,eno 6wno cfle^aHo: CTano scho, mto c tSwimh 
neperoBopbi neB03M0>KHbi, -ocTaeTca TonbKO ujrypM 

Bo-BTOpblX. npOTHBHMK STOT KSHaManbHO TOTO- 
BMT yHHMTOKeHMg BCeX 33J10>KHMK0B, tsk mto nto6bie 

noTepw npn unypMe. npw cunoeovi peweHHM 6yAyT 
«MeHbaiHM yinep6oM». C 23 OKTsSpn hsm see BpeMn 

C0O6maWT. MTO TeppOpHCTW FOTOBb) OCyiljeCTBHTb 

noApttB spMTenbHoro 3ana c He«36e>KHOM rw6enb»o 

BCeX, KTO T3M H3X0AMTCA A CymeCT80B3fl3 TIM TaKafl 

yrp03a «MaKCMManbHoro BpeAa» 23-25 0KTq6pn? 

B-TpeTbwx. KaK pa3 b tot MOMeHT, KorAa no nnaHy 
BnscTeii ace totobo k iirrypMy. stot npoTMBHUK A°Ji- 
»teH ywe ot yrp03 nepexoA^Tb k Aeny 06-bWBnHeTcn. 

MTO TeppOpHCTbl HSMWHaKlT nnaHOMepHO H X/iaAHOK- 
POBHO ySHBaTb 33D0>KHMK0B V\ nOSTOMy npUXOAHTCfl 

HaM3Tb urrypM. - «noAHepKWBaeM, BWHy)KAeHHbit)»! H 
B ByASHHOBCKe. h b llepBOMaiiCKOM, m b «HopA-OcTe» 
HMeHHo sto rosopunocb b onpsBAaHwe HaMans cnno- 

BblX P,ei\CTBKVi - H BCKJAy 3TO 6blJ10 HO)KblO 

B-4eTB#pTfaix Aanbiue. BHe aaBMCMMOCTn ot pe- 
3ynbT3T0B. cwnOBafl onepaans oS-bflBrmeTcn ycnem- 
hom. HHorAa 3Ta Bepcun WHser aotito. ksk a ByAeH- 
Hoacsee, rAe «6ont.HMuy Mbi noMTM B3suw. ho noriMTHKH 
3aMe«-To HaManvi neperoBopw n Bee ncnopTnnnw - 

XOTfl He nODMTHKkl, a 6oeBHKn npMjKanti «Aj1b0y» 

omeM k 3eMne h BbiHyAwnn otomth. MnorAa Mucp 
pywHTCfl cpasy, KaK b llepBOMaiiCKOM, KorAa npeACTa- 
BUTenb OCB Mnxaiinoa «na rony6oM rnasy» yTBep- 
>KAan, MTO-ae «Bcex TeppopkicTOB yHHMTOKMnw, ho hx 
yHecna peKa», - a rxrroM PaAyeB co TOBapniiin Heo- 
)kmA3hho BOCKpecnii, w 6bino OMeHb HeyAo6no 

14 b «Hopa-OcTe» ycnex KaK «npeAOTBpaLneHne 
MaKCHiwa/ibHoro BpeAa» cymecTBOBan To/ibKo b co- 

3HaHMH «CHri0BMK0B». rOTOBMBLUdX M OCymeCTBflSB- 

tUHX lUTypM Ho ywe nocne urrypMa sashmb flcwa 
KynbTypbi Ha flySpoBKe h rn6eraw Bcex TeppopiiCTOB. 
KOTOpbie MOrnm 6bi mto- to noseAaTb o cbokx nnaHax 
mw noMeMy-To noeepiinM, mto, no ferenio, «BCe Aeti- 
CTB^TenbHoe - pa3yMHO», m comdw $nnan TpareA^n 
ecnn He nyHLUkiM H3 B03MO>KHbix (ksk nac nbiTatOTcn 
y6eAHTb), to - Hen36e>KHbiM sjiom (mto, a oStiieM. to 
we caMoe) TaKoao y)K nenoBeMeckoe co3HaHne. 

Hy a HanocneAOK npoTHBHMK ROnweH 6biTb He 
Tonbro rnyn, ho h no onpeAeneHwo MOHCTpyo36H - 
HanptiMep. 6biTb «Me)KAyHapoflHb)M TeppopncTOM». 
Tarae npHMMcnenne cniiMaeT 3aoAHo eonpoc o Me- 
MencKoft BoiiHe ksk o npwMHHe Teppopa b coBpeMeH- 

HOfl POCCHM. 

OSmecTBO npHHMMaeT stm anpocTbie id y6ean- 
TenbHwe» o6bHCHeHiifl rioMewy? HaBepHoe. noTO- 






■KAPTA- N0 43-*4 2M5 






4 RPABA 1EH0BEKA 



175 



wy. hto HaM Tan yflo6HO (loBepxHOCTHas JiorwKa ner- 
ne BocnpuHMMaeTCfl fla w Ha Ayiue cnot<awHee. 
Ma/io kto 3aflaeTcn tibtcnwo, HToyapyroii cropo- 

Hbt, B03M05KHO. 6binH KaKMe-TO flJ13Hbl. He 0683aTe/lb- 

HocoBna,qaiOLi|MecHaMepeHHflMncpeflepajibHbix«cn- 
noBHKoa» 

3tm njiaHbi mowho 6bino 6bi pexoHCTpyMpOBaTb. 
ec/iM He npnnncbiBaTb 3apaHee nporuBHUKy re cbom- 
CTBa h HaMepeHHH, KOTopbie 3aBe^0M0 Hecyr ycnex - 
ecrm He peanbHbiir to nponaraHAHCTCKtiii -CTOpOHe 
cpeaepanbHOvi: ra KaKpas m «nennT» nofl ce6a «yflo6- 
Horo»npoTMBHHKa.fle(icTBMaKOTOporoAOno^HMTenb- 
Hbi k ee nnaHaM n aapanee owwAaeMbf 

fl^flTaKOvi peraHCTpyKi^u. HanpoTHB. ctohjioOw 

BCnOMHHTb anbT6pHaTMBHbie BBpnaHTbl pa3BMTMfl co- 

5bmiM - Te, rfle ycnex flocTaeancR 6oeBHKaM. 

B caMOM aerie. oTtcyfla TaKan ysepeHHocTb. hto y 
oapaeBueBdbin nnaH. cuflerbflo KOHqaesflaHMH, a b 
c/iyMae ^ero - noAopeaTbCH BMecre c 3ano*HMKaMM? 

MexAyTeM HaMaTepnanaxflenaMO*HonocTpo- 
nTb no Kpa^Heii Mepe etye OflHy Bepcuto HaMepemiM 
TeppopwcTOB - no mhchmio aaTopa, He MeHee npaaflo- 
noAo6Hyio. neM «o6menpMHflTan» 

Mano kto o6paTn/i BHHMaH«e naTO oScTonTerib- 
ctbo, hto M3HaHa/ibH0 TeppopwcTWMecKMM a«T nna- 
HnpoBa/iCfl ropasAo 6onee Maairra6Hb)M. Hto naMe- 

HaflMCb B3pb(Bb) flByX MJ1M TpgX 3aMMHHpOBaHHbtX 

aBTOMo6nneii w noApbiaw Asyx CMepT«nu b AfiHb 
3axBaTa sanowHMKOB mdh b nocneAyoLuue ABa-ipn 
aha. Hto b xoAe TeppopMCTWHecKoii aTatw nnaHbi 

TeppOpHCTOB MeHHJlMCb, KOppeKTHpOBaDMCb B CTOpO- 

Hy coKpaiyeMMSi, npnneM bhb 3aBHcwMOCTM ot arrnB- 

HOCTH «CMnOBHKOB». 

(locne noApbtBa oahom MaiuHHbi y «MaKAOHanb- 
Aca» Ha K)ro-3anaAe ms flpyrovi, nooraBJieHHOw y 
3ana HanKOBCKoro, caMHMH TeppopMcraMW 6buio 
BbtHyTo aspbiBHoe ycTpOMCTBo. A nocne saxBaTa 
«HopA-OcTa» noAPbiB A©fiyuJeK-CMepTHHM6bin boo6- 
_:e OTMcHeH 

flOMeMy? 

TnaBHas qenb Teppopa - He y6nMCTB0 nioAeH 
caMO no ce6e, a cipax, pe30H3HC b o6mecTBe. B ham- 
mo. TeppopvicTbi yAos/ieTBopw^wcbnepBOHaHanbHbiM 
30cpeKTOM. Pe30HaHc6bin npn3HaHA0craTOHHb)M. m 
rnaBHan yenb MananbHoro 3Tana TeppopwcTMHecxoH 
aTaKH. TaxnM o5pa30M. ywe 6bina AocTMmyTa. 

Tenepb TeppopiicTbi moitim cocpeaoTOHMTbcs Ha 
OKOHMaMHw onepanHH -a kskom. co6ctb6hho? 

CioiaAbiBaeTcn oujymeHwe. hto pyKOBOAHTeriM 
TeppopMCTOB noHMMann. hhiok HeyAacrca KOHTponM- 
posaTb TaKyK) Maccy napoAy ABe-Tpw HeAe/iM nepero- 
Bopoe. 6yfle raKoabie HaHHyrcsi, h - o hom 6bi hh 
AoroBopunnCb- vtx caMwx wwsbiMH He BbinycTfiT: 6wn 
ywe onbiT ByA^HHOBCKa w RepBOMaMCKora. Us toto we 
onbiTa hm Gbino cosepujeHHo noHfiTHo: totobhtca 

UJTypM. 

Bcepb63 3tot sonpoc - KaK TeppopMCTbi nnaHH- 
poBa/iw KOHeq csoew btskh? - He saAasancfl. Mw 
npKBbiKnd BWAeTb hx b TOii ponn. KOTopyio OTBenw mm 
«cnnoBHKw». A mto we co6npanncb Ae/iaTb cbmh 



TeppopwcTbi'? CwfleTb h >KflaTb? >KAaTb neperoBO- 
pos? feHepana BMiaopa KaaaHueBa? 

B xoac nrrypMa Me>KAy HaHanoM noAa^M rasa b 
apMTe^bHbiti 3an h ero AeficTBMeM npoatno 3Hann- 
TenbHoe BpeMfl - He cenyHAbi, He MMHyTbi w ne AecflT- 
kw MMHyT. a ao Tpex nacoB Tas CTann nycKaTb - 

B03MO>KHO. nOpUHflMH - OKOno TpeX HOHH, a B nflTOM 

nacy rnaBapw TeppopucToa 06 stom 3nanvi onpeae- 
neHHo. 3ano)KHHKM no npHHMHe 06e3B0>KMBaHWfl \a 

MHOronaCOBOM HenOABHWHOCTH 6bU1H. HeCOMHeHHO, 

6onee ocna6neHbi no cpaeHeHura c aiaxHAKaMM. Ho 
MHorne M3 3ano>KHWKOB ycnenM noH^Tb. hto mast ra3, 
CKasaTb 06 stom coceA^M. nonbuaTbCfi HanaTb Abi- 
iuaTb nepes n/iaTOK 

y HaxoAwaujHxcfl b 3pnTertbH0M 3ane TeppopMc- 

TOK 6blJ10 AOCT3TOHHO BpeMeHH. HTOSbl 3aMKHyTb 

Menu m noAOpBaTb 3apflAt>i - hh oahs 3Toro He CAe/ia- 
xia. rioneMy? Boflnncb sa cboio wnsHb 9 >KAannt cwrHa- 
na? BoeBHKn, HaxoAHBujnecn bho sa/ia. AewcTBHto 
rasa ne noflBeprniicb. TeppopncTbi-My>KHHHbi Karoe- 
to BpeMR Beriw oronb H3 3flaHna -cTpe^bSa 3ar»ixana 
n B03o6H08nnjiacb He MeHee Tpex pas. Ho hm kom3h- 
Ay luaxHAKaM He flarm, hm caMM He noAopBantt 3pw- 
TenbHwii 3an rioMeMy' 7 Ohh-to Mornn sa ce6ti He 
onacaTbCfl - npw o6pymeHwn nepeKpbiTtiii 3ana oc- 
TanbHoe 3Aanvie ycronno 6bi 

y abohx TeppopwcTOB Sbinvi HawAeHN npH ce6e 
o6paTHbte 6nrseTbi. Ha 27 OKTuSpfl 6bmw 3aKa33Hbi 
o6paTHbie 6nneTbj Ann eme HecKO/ibKMX Teppopwc- 
TOB - 06 stom wx rnaeapM us 3axBaneHHoro sana 
AoroBapMBanwcb c AByMn HaxoflUBujMMHCH sa npefle- 
naMM ouenneHMn coo6ujHMKaMn no Mo6M/ibHbiM Te- 
necpOH3M 

Ha BOopyweHMM y TeppopMcroa Sbirio mhoto rpa- 
HaT m nponero opywHH, KOTopoe ohm ne ncnonb30Ba- 
hh. xotb se/iM 6om AOCTarroHHOAonro fl/in nerororfla 
ohm sanacanM see 3to? 

Ann npopbiBa. 

Flo cocTaBy « KOnMnecTBy opyxiifl. no noaefle- 
hhk) TeppopHCTOB b noc/ieAHMM AeHb m nocneAHioio 
HOHb. no mx pa3roBopaM C SanOWHMKaMM MOWHO c 
yBepeHHOCTbio npeAno/iowHTb, hto nnaHMpOBa^cn 
mmm yxoA n3 TeaTpanbHoro LteHTpa, npopwB c SoeM 
MMeHHO TaK yxoAwn oTp^A PaayeBa M3 HepeoMaMc- 

KOrO, MMeHHO TaKAeCflTKH pa3ycnetUHOBblXOAMnM M3 

oxpyiKeHMH - MS CaMaweK « ranaujeK, M3 KOJibiia 
«cnnoiiJHoro» v\ «TpOMHoro» — nenencKMe OTpwflbi b 
nepByto m bo Bropyio soitHy. 

riocnetUHbiM urrypM npeflOTBpaLyan wweHHo stot 
njiaHMpoBaBUJMMCH TeppopMCTaMM npopbiB c 6oeM 

BapMaHT pa3BMTMJ1 C06blT«H C nOHblTKOM npopbma H 

yxoAa 6oeBHKOB Somliw L4eHTpa cneqnanbHOro na- 
3HaneHHfl (L(CH) *CB He perteTMpOBariM: 3T0ro He 

XOTe/IM, 06 3TOM H6 AyMa/lM, K 3TOMy He rOTOBMHHCb. 

A Ann 3Toro TeppopMCTaM. KCTaTn. BOBce He 

Hy>KHO 6bin0 nOApblBaTb 3flaHM6 

nojiyHaercsi, hto. enoriHe BeposiTHO, HaM oamh 
«Bpea» noflMennnn ApyrMM. BonbiuMM m/im MeHbLUMM 
- sonpoc: Bee AaneKO He oneBWAHO Ba>KHO, hto 3Ty 

BepCMIO, -OCHOBaHHyiO.OTMeTMM, HCKJllOHMTeribHOHa 



www karra ocg 



176 



4 MA «BEKA 




■KAPTA- f*43-*4 2009 



4 ilPABA «EKA 



177 



MaTepnanax yronoBHoro Aena 1 - npocTo-nanpocTo 
MCKnKJHU/iH K3 o6mecTBeHHoro o6cy>KAeHHa. 

Ecnw He c neM cpaBHueaTb kcxoa. npn kotopom 

norn 6 KaWvQwii BOCbMoti m oCBODowaaewibix. b tom 
MMcne h fle™, HaBepHoe, npoiqe ero onpaBflaTb. 



BnepBbieflHMC koji MnecTBOM TeppopwcroB c/iefl- 
CTene fibho nyranocb. KaKHe uMCppbt hsm He Ha3biaa- 

JlMCb? njlK>C-MMHyCfleCflTOK. 

fla, Tenepb cneACTB/eM oKOHHaTenbno yrBepx- 
AeHO m bc6 BpeMn noBiopneTca. hto mx 6bino copOK n 

HTO BCe OHM ySwTbl. 3aMeTMM, BO-fiepBblX, HTO npH 
3TOM OCTanMCb He0n03HaHHblMM HeTbtpe MyWCKHX M 

rptd JKeHCKHX Tena. Bo-Biopbix. b «(1ocTaHOBJieHnn» 
yxasano, hto LUaMMnb BacaeB npwaneK k ocymecTB- 
neHHio Tepatcra He MeHee 52 nenoseK (caM EacaeB 
roBopMn o ceMMAecsTw!). us KOTopt>ix40 y6wTbi h rpoe 
npoxoflnjin nofleny o B3pbtBe y «MaKAOHanbAca». 

A rae ocra/ibHbie? 

Hcho, hto 3tot Bonpoc Mynan CHanana pyKOBO- 
flMTejiew onepaqiiH, noTOM— Tex, KTopaccneAOBa/i e6 
UTOrvi. Ohm, noxo>Ke, c caMoro Havana urrypMa 6binn, 
npe>KAe Bcero, 03a6oHeHw oTneTOM o BbinonHeHMn 
nocTaBneHHofi 3aAaHw: «He ynycrwTb hmkotow. 

Tena3a/io)KHHKOBonncbiBariMBnepeMeii!KycTpy- 
nawiH reppopMCTOB, a HeKOTopbie noTOM n nexortM c 
hmmm BMecTe b rie0opTOBCKOM Mopre - KaK Tena 
Bnaxa m MMTwna. 

3to flaBano b AanbHeMweM npocTop Ann noATa- 
cobok - Bee flns Toro, hto6w Bomaib pe3yjibTarbi 
paccneflOBaHna b npOKpycToso jiowe saAaHHO* sep- 
CMK, 

>KenaHne OTMMTaTbcsi nepeA HananbCTBOM, oco- 
5eHHo nepeA «nepBbiMn nwLiaMM», tbopmt nopoia 
MyAeca TaK, HaMasujUMCfl 31 HHBapn 2000 roAa opra- 
HuaoeaHHwiS bwxoa SoesvtKOB M3 rpoanoro cfDefle- 
panbHoe KOMaHAOBanne 3aMeTnno TonbKo Ha BTopwe 
cyTKH BoeBUKOB nbtTa/iHCb ocTaKOBHTb. 6om6h 6no- 
Knpyn v\ «3a4wmafi» cena Ha nym mx oTXOAa, - npaB- 
Aa. 6e3 oco6oro ycnexa. Ho reHepanw yxMTpnnnob 
npeflCTaBHTb stot «cnTyaTHBHbiii An3a«H» KaK «one- 
paqiiK) «OxoTa Ha BomoB». kbk peann3ai-iiiio xnTpo- 
yMHoro 3aMucna. 

Tax we m c «Hopa-Octom». PyKOBOAMienH othm- 
TbiBanwcb 06 ycnewHOM BbinojiHeHMM sannaHHpo- 
BaHHoii onepai4MM B to, hto «ece v\p,er no nnaHy», 
nosepHnu, noxoxe. m Te, kto pewwTenbHO He corna- 
cen c yTBep)KAeHneM 06 «ycnexe». TonbKo TaK, Ha- 
npuMep. Morna pOA"Tbcn 6biTyK)inas Tenepb aepctifl 
o tom. hto Ha flygpOBKe ycbinnfltoiAHM ra3 «McnwTbi- 
Banw». BepCHS «onbiToa» coMHWTenbHa: Gwno 3aBe- 
Aomo n3BecTHO, hto ras AewcTByeT He MrHoeeHHo m 
hto Bee MoweT3aKOHHMTbcn BapbiBOM ~ a no o6ropeB- 
luwm cpparMeHTaM Ten pe3ynbTaTbi SKcnepuMeHTa 
onpeAenaTb 6bino 6bi saTpyAHHTenbHO. 

Ta3, noxowe, 6bin npHMeneH coaepuieHHo cnOH- 
TaHHo: bot, nocKpe6nn no cyceKaM, hto-to HaLunw. 
HMnero Apyroro HeT, - nyCTWM w nocMOTpMM, hto 
SyfleT. TaK hto ra3 6bm He ronbKO He MtHOBeHHoro 



npn HGnonbSoeaHkiw b t8kom BonbUJOM oStewe, ho 
enje m nenpeACKa3yeMoro AewcTBHn, 

MHorwe noMHAT noK33aHHoe no BceM TeneKana- 
naM noceiiieHne BnaAMMHpOM riyTMHbiM SonbHMUbi - 
npesMAeHT noAxoAMT KnaqneHTy, kotopwh BbirnstAMT 
noaAOpOBee ocTanbHwx m HaxoAMTCfl b cosHaHMM, w 
roBOpuT; «fl-de pad. vmo ydanoct cnacrnu 3anoxHU~ 
Hoeh - a a OTseT nonynaer «Cnacu6o, nofi80o6m&- 
mo He3ano)KHUK, ft M'-ICoeeu. ..»- stot naccax rotom 
OTpe3ann fla. nocTpaAann He MeHee ceMiicoTpyAHH- 
kob MMC h oahh nowapHNti. Hm HeAa/in pecnnpaTO- 
pOB - TeM, kto noiuen Bcnefl 3a cneMHasoM, htoSh 
cnacaTb ywe BpoAe Sw cnaceHHbix, He 6bino asho 
HHKaKOit saujMTbi 1 

3to eeAb BpflA fin Sbino 3annaHMpo8aHo! 14 HeT 
BonbUJOM pasHKMw - to nw He npeAycMOTpenw samn- 
TyHMAnnKoro, KpoMecBonx(ToecTbcneMHa3a),Tonn 
BOoSLAe He noAyMann o B03AeMCTBMM ra3a na noro- 
nn6o. KpoMe TeppopuCTOB. to nM m to, h Apyroe 3to 
oSluhw cTHnb nocneAHMx OAMHHaAUaTH net «6opb6bi 

C 6aHAKT3MH M TeppOpHCTaMM»: eCTb «HaLUM» — h 

eCTb «ohh», m BOMny seflyT 6yAT0 b nyCTbme. ne 
3aAyMbiBancb o5 ocrranbHbix >KMByainx 3Aecb nKiflsx 
AO Kanoro-To MOMeHTa floTOMy hto He cpasy nocne, 
He b nepByto we MMHyTy BCTaer Bonpoc o ueHe OAep- 
waHHOii «no6eAW»- 

TaK )«e h na fly6poBK.e. Bee 6bino cnoHTaHHO - m 
Tenepb Bee cneAbi 3Toii cnoHTanHDCTw HaAO 6bino 
noAHUCTHTb, npeBpaiuaa pearibHbie nenpeACKasye- 
MOCTb m xaoc - s bmah MOCTb nnaHOMepHoro vi yeneuj- 
Horo BbinonneHHfl nocTaBJieHHOti saAanM. 

06pa3 ASfiCTBUM BnaCTM B XOAe BCex lllHpOKO- 

MaciiiTa6Hbix TeppopMCTMHecKtix axTOB nocneAHHx 
neT, ne MeHnacb no cyrw. pas ot pasa ycyryOnaeTcn 
Ot nwn onpaBAbmaioLneMCfl - k Hamoii. Ot 3aManHH- 
BaHvm npOBanoB n HeyAan - k MMeHOBaHHio hx no6e- 
AaMM. 0T5e3HaKaaaHH0CTM Tex, KTOAOnyCTiin rn6enb 
ntoAeii, - k hobnm v\ HOBbiM mx Harpa>KAeHHflM. 

flpUHHH TOMy MHOrO. 

ilonycTMTenbCTBO h TpycocTb oSiyecTBa - Torib- 

KO OAHa M3 HHX, HO - B3>KHeMLUaH. 

J1(o6oh mcxoa AeiScTBiiii «ctinoBMKOB» 6yAeT 
oStflBneH ycnewHbiM, noKa «o6cny»(MBaK)iAiiti nep- 
conan» -cneAOBaTenn, xypnanHCTbi -SyAeT totob 
BbtnojiHHTb «D(o6ow npHKa3nio6oro npaBMTenbCTBa» 
floKa cnosa «penyTaM«R», «yBa>KeHMe KOnner» n TaK 
fxanee ocTaioTcn nwiub cnoBaMM, & 

KaK, HanpHMep, nyBCTByKJT ce6« SKcnepTw, hoa- I 
nticaBLUne 3a«nK)HeHKeo «6e3BpeAHOM rase»^ rione-g 
My ohm He «npocna8neHbi» na MMpy n. npe>KAe Bcero ? 
b cboSm nayHHOM coo6iyecTBe? Mnw mm noAaraT pyKy, | 
Aenaa bma. hto ne 3HaioT 06 wx «3acnyrax»?.. 

KaK neHMTb Sone3Hb? 1 

TnacHocTb AOJDKna 6wTb ceoeapeMeHHa - TaK. g 
HTo6biBnwflTb Haco6wTMfl, a HeonwcbiaaTb mx, otctb- | 
aaa oTBWCTpaMBaeMbix «o6cnywMBaK»mMM nepcoHa- ^ 
nou» BepCMfi. MTo6bi, no KpaMHeii Mepe, He AaTbS 
((MuHncTepcrsy npaBAbi» OTpeAaKTMpOBaTb npo- 
uinoe. 

B Mamepuane ucnonb3osanbi 0omoepacpuu 
Newsru. HTB. RTVi. AP. BBC 



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178 



4 3HAK EEflbl 




KAPTA' NO 43-44 2005 






4 3HAK GEflbl 



179 



noHEMy? 



\Opm BflOBHH 



B rieTep6ypre, ropflo MMenyeMOM ropoflCKWM Ha- 
^anbCTBOM esponewcKviM ropOAOM, onepeAHOkt Hauwo- 
nanncTiiMecKnw KOHCpys - b KOTOpbivi p33 pasrpoMnenbi 
n onoraneHbi Mornrw Ha eBpeacKOM Knajo^me 

TyBepHaTOp b onepeflHoii pas ronocoM CTpowavi- 
wevi n HenpeKHOHHOii tinaccHovt xiaww oStflBuna. mto 
i~leTep6ypr - ropOA TpafliimiOHHo To/iepanTHbivt H no- 
Ben ena HeMeAneHHo cwcxaTb BapBapos. KOTopwe na- 
pyoiaiOT eBponeficKyK) viAvvnnviK) 

He nepBbitt, k cowaneHMo. pa3, co6biTnn. nosopa- 
inne CBerribiw o5nnK eBponeMCxoro ropoaa, c oTspaTM- 

Te/lbHOM HeOTBpaTHMOCTbK3 DOBTOpHIOTCfl B pa3HOM 

BHfle - annoTb «o y6nviCTB Ma pacoBovt nonae. erapa- 
re.nbHo nepeeoanMbix HatunMw npaaooxpaHviTenbHbi- 
mh opraHSMvi b paspna HeMOTwsupoBSHHoro xynnraH- 
cTBa i4 BapsapCTBa 

M to npaBfla. - KOMy nyxen vimmajk (leiepGypra 
Kan ropoaa 5onbHoro nauviOHa,nM3MOM vinvi 3apaxen- 
Moro BwpycOM tpauivi3Ma? 

no3Towy n Bce-TaKM cornaiuycb c ry6epnaTOpoM - 
He xyxe nerepSypr b stom oTHOiueHHw, hbm bch dpa- 
Ha, 

Ho bot mto nHTepecHO, - b TepNiaHUH. nepexuB- 
tuev! cp3wn3M ceroflHfliuHne cawbie HenpuMnpuwbie 

SopUbl 3a MMCTOTy TepMaHMH OT KHOpOAueB - pOflOM H3 
6blBLUeM TflP, 

KcrraTM. ruiTnepOBCKan H3LinoHan-couviariviCTnuec- 
Ka« napjufi o6pa3ua 33-ro roAa sosHHK/ia H3 oSnowiKoa 

pa3p03HeHHblX COqHaJIMCTHweCKHX M KOMMyHHCTMHeC- 

rnx napTnti vi aBuweHUki BetiwapcKoii fepM3nnn 

8 nocTCOBeTCKOki Pocchk, apoae nax h ecrecTBeH- 
ho nonaBwevi b cno>KHeviiijyio couna/ibHo-3KOHOMtmec- 
Kyio cvrryamuo noc/ie ceMMAecHTnneTHero 6e3flapHoro 

XO3flMCT60BaHVm KOMMyHMCTOB. CXOflHa* CHTyaUM« - 

B03HHKJ10 So/ibiuoe MHCfio couHa/ibHbix ayrcaviAepoB, 

KOTOpbIM HeoSxOflMMO H3VITH BV)H0B3TblX B TOM, MTO 

ohh He Moryr npnaecTH b cooTBeTCTBue cboh xcn3HeH- 

Hbie npHTSSaMMH CO CBOMMH B03M05KHOCTHMM 

vi nento HaxofiHT BHHOBaTux a cbohx 6eaax, bot 

OHK-Tafl)KMKH. LlbiraHC K3BK33L4bl, U|BeTHbie, TpaflWUK- 

ohho - espen. H tsk bo scevi Poccwvt, 

npocTo riwep - ropofl Sonbwovi, *ypHanncTOB 
MHoro. to ecTb flaxte b ycnoaiiflx ynpaBjiseMovi aeMOK- 
paTMM in KOHTponnpyewoM CBo6oflb< cnoBa hto-to as 

BblCKaKMBaeT B HHCpOpMSHMOHHOe npOCTpaHCTBO H CT3- 
HOBWTCS flOCTOaHMeM oOlHeCTBeHHOCTM. 

M Bce-Taxtd ctomt 3aflywaTbcn - no^eMy tskos 
MOxeT 6biTb b ropofle, nocTpaflaBiueM ot (paujMSMa 
TaK, Ka« Mano kto nocTpaaa/i? 

Bot LimaTa. «l~lo cpaBHeHMio c 3anaAHoti Ebpo- 
now Poccwfl nonb3yeTCft 6onbiueM CBoSoflOii tnOBa 
3atnnTHHKn pacw woryr n«caTb n roBopnTb. 3tot 6na- 

rOnpMSTHblM KTIHM3T, CyLUeCTByK)U|WH B OflHOVl JIMUJb 

Pocchm, AsnaeT ee aBawrapflOM 6opb6w 3a 6enyio 
pacy». 




iOpud Bdoeun - 3aMecmumenb npsdcedamena Cawim- 
nemepdypscKOu npae03amumHou opsBhusawu «rpa>f- 
daHCKuu KOumponbH 



3T0 M3 CTaTbM HeKO- 

ero sanaflHoro 0aiunCTM- 
sa A. AMOHflprosa «Pyc- 
ckh« Hapofl vi 3aLijMTa 
6e/iovi pacbi». ony6nviKO- 
aaHHovi b Poccmh b KHMre 
«Pacosbivi CMbicn pyc- 
ckovi naen« 

3TO H K TOMy, STO 

HeKOTopwe BCe roBop«T, 

4T0 B POCCMH flKOSbl 

yujeMieHa CBo8ojta cno- 
Ba' Beflb T3KHX XHVir H3- 

flaeTCA MHoro, h npoflaioTCfl ohh b pecneiaaSenbHbix 
KHMJKHbix MaraawHax, oSwnbHo BbicTaBnnfOTcn Ha ace- 

B03MO)KHblX KKVDKHblX HpMapK3X 

Bot eme HecKonbKo mutbt. «Bcerfla h ae3ae b 

MMPOBOVI VtCTOpklVI VtCXOfiHblM paCOBbIM TMnOM - C03Aa- 

TeneM KyribTypw - 6bin MenoseK 6eno« pacw. MMeHHo 
oh ABDHeTCfl no3TOMy HawSonee OvtonorvmecKvi ueH- 

HblMM «0 CaMOBblTHOM SHaneHHVT KynbTypb) MOHrOJIO- 

maho« pacbi pe^b BOo6me He mowct nflTw.,.». 

Mnn «Bce 3noxaribHbie TBopennfl nptiHaA^exaT 
BceLieno SeriOMy nenoBeny muctoS pacw, ero aone. 
reHHio m npo3opnvtBOCTvi». 

Knurvi tuoBHHHCTvi^ecKoiS HanpaBneMHocru pery- 
nnpHo BwnycKatOT, axTMBHo vt Se3HaKa3aHHO pacnpoc- 
TpaHSKjr viaflaTefibCTsa «BnTa3b», «Pyccxan npaBfla», 
«nepecseT». «AnropnTM», «Sy3a». «3KCMO». «6e- 
jibie anbBbi» vt apyrne 

Mne He xoMeTcn nepemic/iflTb arvi KHHrvi, HTo6bi ne 
coaflaBaTb «m pexnaMy Mory CKa3aTb Tonbxo, hto 
nenaTatoTCfl ohh Ha xopoujeM TexHOnom^ecKOM ypOB- 
He, b xopoujvix nepennerax h MaccoawMn tvipswsmvi. 

3th KHvtrn aflpecoBaHbi njupoKOMy Kpyry viMTaTe- 
new vi CTasflT caoevt Ltenbto y6eflWTb moaevi b cnpaBea- 
nviBOCTW pacvicTCKMx, MenoaeKOHeHaBvicTHMMecKvix 
nfievi, ttoTopbie ywe ne pas npHBOfl/nvi k wyflOBHoiHbiM 
nocneflCTBMHM. 

A KSKvie nyflHbie raseTxn usaaioTCfl! DpaitTHHecKM 
bo Bcex perMonax cboGoaho BbixoflaT CMM xceHOCpo6- 
ckov* n pacucTCKoii HanpaBneHHocrw: «Hoaan cvurre- 
M3», «Pycb npaBOcnaBHan». «3a pyccxoe aer\o», «Ho- 
Bbivi rteTepSypm (CaHKT-rteTep6ypr) k «3aBTpa». «Pyc- 
ckvivi eppoHTw, «HaunOHanbHan ra3eTa», «PyccKnA bb- 
cthmk». etMepHan cothh». «PyccKas np3Bfla». «3pa 
Pocchm», «F1 -pyccKnii», «fly3nb» (MocKBa), «PyccKHvi 
boctok» (MpKyTCx), «PycCKan Cn6npb» (Hoboch6vipck), 
«KonOKon» (BonrorpaA), «M»;eBCKaa a^bvi3mb» 
(HxeeCK). «AnexcnH4)opM» (Cawiapa). «3aceMHbiii py- 
6exc» (Tyna), «CnaBflHCKHvi Ha6aT» (BojiorAa). «Pyc- 
CKoe BeMe» (BennKvivi HoBropoA) w APyne. Bcero He 

MBHee COTHH HaWMeHOBBHVIM! 

Me>KAy tsm pa60THviKM npoxypaTypbi coo6u(aK>T, 
mto b pacHCTCKwx htih aHTMceMWTCKvix nyBnviKaLivinx 
3Tnx KHvir m ra3eT Her npusHaxoe npecrynneHHs, rotc- 
My mto ohm He coflep)«aT npvi3HaK0B npecneAOBaHHn 
uenw pa3)«nraHvi« HeHaBvtc™ na pacoBOvl, pennrvio3- 
Hovi mum HauviOHaiibHovi nonBe 



www kyrt a Qf g 



4 3HAK BEJIbl 



M s cyae hba naqaHaMM. KOTOpwe 3a6win raproB- 
14a ap6y3aMw us A3ep6aMA*aHa. aeysano. hto «mw s 
CKHHxeflbi npHu/nw He notOMy, hto koi-o-tq HeHaBKAHM. 
a HToSbt 3a cpyr6on 6oneTt>. m pa3HMUbi MextAy $yT- 
5onbHbiM« (JjaHaraMn n CKWHxeaaMn He enAenti»... 

A Beflb ecTb euje MHTepHeT-cawTbi, BeaymMe or- 
KposeHHyio (paujiicTCKyto m pacucTCKyio nponaraHAy. 
KOTopwe HapaBHe c ra3eiaMn h KHHraMw paenpocrpa- 
Hfwrcfl 6e3HaKa3aHHO h SecnpennjcTBeHHo. 

Ha CaHKT-neTep6yprcK«x Tens Ka Han ax u paAHO- 
CTaHLtunx n/iyT LuoBHHMCTH4ecKne Tene- h paAHonpor- 
paMMbi. co,nep)Kamne ace npn3Hann npecrynneHnii, 
npeflycMOTpeHHbix ct 282 YK P* («B036ywAeHne ne- 
HaBucm rw6a spaxvjbi. a Tame yHnweHne senoBexa 
nn6o rpynnbi nwu no npHSHaKaw ... pacbt, HannoHarib- 
hoctm, R3bit<a. npowcxoxyjeHKft. OTHOtueHun k pennrMM 
.. cosepujeHHbie ny6nnHHo nnn c ncnonb30B3HneM 
cpe^cTB Maccosoii HHCpopMaunn»), 

OflnaKo opranw npoKyparypbj, xax npaBiwo, He 
B036yM«aK5T yroxiOBHwx flen, MOTHBvipyn sto otc/t- 
CT8neM cocTaea npecTynneHwsi. 

HHTepMeT-ca^Tbi BooSine ne noABepraioTCH xa- 
kmm-jiw6o nccneflOBaHMnM npaBOOxpaHMTenbHbix op- 

raHOB BBHAy OTCyTCTBtfa CO OTBeTCTBy K)U4eii H0pM3TMB- 

hov\ 6a3t«i. A ox<MflaH«e nonaneHHH Taitort 6a3bi CBS3ano 
c onacenwBMn, hto peanbHo ona HanneT paQoTatb Ha 
orpaHUMeHne AeMOKpaTMnecKH opueHTwpoBaHHbix hh- 
(popMaunoHHttx pecypcos s HHTepHeTe. 

KaK cneACTBHe, c yflpy^axaineM perynapHocTbio 

npOMCXOAST WHUHfleHTb). KOTOpbie flTS 60JlbWMHCTB3 
BBJIHtOTCH np«3HaK0M HaHWHHfl S ropOAe KCeHOtpoSc- 
KHX, paCHCTCKMX. SKCTpeMHCTCKWX OObeAHHeHWfi. co- 

BepuiaroiiiMx npecTynneHws. noAnaflarooivie noA ct. 
282 YK P0>. 

To/ibKO sa 2005 toa a CaHKT-rieTepQypre cc-Bep- 
meHo ABa ySuwcTBa wnocTpanHbix cryaeHTOB (H3 Hure- 
Phu n BbeTHaiua), msBhtw npne3)Kne xKTatiLibi, cryfleH- 
tw ofiaieHtMTKfi Ann HHOCTpanijeB. 

TaM BOo6uje CKMHxeAbi b OTKpbrryto oxothtch Ha 
neocropoJKHwx nHocrpaHLieB, HaneTan na hhx senepa- 
mm vi 6b»CTpo pasSerancb, A pyxoBOACTBO peKOMeHAyeT 
HHOCTpaHuaM cHAeTb BenepaMM e oBiuewwTwi v\ bwxo- 
AUTb 3a ero npeAenbi Tonbxo rpynnaMM. 

B rtpotunoM roAy wepTBofi npecTynneHMn cran m 
poccwvicKMW cryAeHT. ho HecnaBUHcxoti BHeujHOCTM ... 

OMepeAHOM norpoM HaeapetiCKOM KnaA6nme-He 
nepBwti a CaHKT-neTepSypre, Aa m b Poockm. TaioKe KaK 
n36neHMR m y6niicTBa HHocrpaHuee mm6hho na no^Be 

paCOBOM HeHaBHCTM. na nOHBB KceHocpo6nn n HSTepnu- 
MOCTM. 

KaKne-To otmoposkh rpoMiwiu He TonbKO espeiic- 
Kwe Knafl6MU4a. hto aaeT ocHOBanwe nepeBOfiHTb Taxo- 
ro pofla npecTynneHUH b Kaieroptw HeMOTuBupOBaH- 
Horo xynwraHCTBa h BapBapcrBa. Ho. e AeAcTBHTerib- 
hoctm. 3to HUCKo/ioKO He yiwianfleT ouepzenvm k Tew. 
kto rpoMwn espeMCKwe KnaAfinma 

TyT. KOHenHO. we o6xoamtch 6es BHyrpenHero co- 

^yBCTBMS K KCeHOCpOOCKHM HAeflM H paCMCTCKUM o6te- 

AHHeHHHM b cpeAe paSoTHUKoe npaBooxpaHWTe/ibHbix 
CTpyKTyp - h b npoKypaType. h b Mtiniinnn, H B 0CB. n 
b cyAax. Xotfi ecrb TaM v\ 3AopOBwe cwnw. Ho kto 
CH/ibnevi? 



Mw HeoAHOnpaTHo cTanKHearwcb c npHMo npoTH- 
sononoxcHWMn TpairroBKaMH oahhx h Tex we co6biTnw 
b npoxypaType CaHirr-neTep6ypra. 

Ho noKa Bepx OAepxwaaiOT Te trro cnnTaeT, hto 
Henb3fl npMBJieKaTb k oTBeTcreeHHOCTH «naTpwoTHHHO 
HacTpoeHHbix mos,eA». 

K wecTy nanoMHMTb, hto 3a BbtcTaaKy «OcTopo«c- 
ho. pennrufl!» b My see CaxapOBa b MocKBe 6binn no 
282 CTaTbe ocy>KAeHbi He Te. kto pasrpoMMn BbicTaaxy. 
KOTopan AeMOHCTpMpOBana HeKOTopyro oSecnoKoeH- 

HOCTb KCBHOCpoSCKMMM HaCTpOeHHSMM B penHFVIOSHOM 

cpeae, oco66hho b Pni4, a opraHHsaTopbt BbitrraBKH 

EiAe mo>kho npMnoMHMTb, hto b Tex cnynafix, kot- 
Aa b cyAax Bce-Taxn bwhochtih oSBWHHTeribHwe npuro- 
BOpw no ct. 282 to 3aTeiw b OTHOiueHHM ocywAeHHwx 
cneflOBana aMHHCTHH b cs«3m c ... flwewi (loSeAbt naA 
tpaujKCTCKOki repM3Hueii! 

M HeyAo6HO naujHM npaBooxpanHTenbHbiM opra- 
naM m BnacTftM to. hto oceAna/iM tpaajHCTMKn MecTHo- 
ro pa3ftnB3 naTpwoTMHecKyro teMaTHKy w puTopHKy, H 
K3K-TO He c pyKM «naTpwoTOB» o6w«aTb. 

Xotf) no 6oxibUJOMy CMeTy sto bca MaprnHaribHafl 
UJnana HMKaKoro OTHotueHHA k AewcrBHTeiibHOMy nar- 
pwoTH3My n 3a6oTe o npouaeTaHMM cBoeft CTpaHbt 
OTHoaieHMR ne nMeeT. 

nonynaeTca, B/iacTflM yAo6Ho ycToiiMHBoe neflo- 
sonbCTBo BonbLuow nacTn HaceneHMs cbomm couwanb- 

HO-3KOHOMMHeCKHM OOIlOXteHMeM, B03HMKUIHM B 3f10Xy 

ncesAopetpopM. KaHaimsMpoBaTb e STHWHecKOM, Ha- 
LtwOHanMCTMHecKOM HanpaBJieMHn, a rnaBHoe - b cto- 
poHy ot sapBasLuerocB 6iopOKpaTHMecKoro annapaTa 
BeAa To/ibKO b tom. hto sto OAHaKAti MoweT 

BblHTH M3 HOA KOHTpOHn BnaCTeM M npWBeCTM K T«)Ke- 

iibiM TparMHecKMM nocneACTBHflM. 

B XX sexe TaK Sbino neoAHOKpaTHo n b A0pnKe. n 
b A3nn. aaviB uMBMnnsoBaHHOw Espone ByAeM nn Mbi 
yHHTbcn na nyJKMX oujwSKax m 6eAax vinn Bee itobto- 
psTb DyAew caMki? 

3tb npoSneMa - noneiwy rpoMtiT b Poccwm eepevi- 
cxwe KnaASwma « ySuBaiOT HHopoAMeB - HyxyiaeTcw b 
cepbesHeHiueM ana/iHae c npHB/ienenneM oiKporaii 
o6ujecTBeHHOC7n. Hayw, a ne TonbKO «npo0eccwoHa- 
jiob» us cneucny«6. 

Tyr h KaBKaacKan eo^Ha, h HapxoTWKn M3 cpeAnew 

A3HM, M KOppyMHHpOBaHHOCTb BnaCTeS. M He3aKOHHafl 

Mwrpaunn, m AecpMLinT pa6onnx pyn. 

K npMMepy, ecnvt b CaHKT-neTep6ypre, no cnoBaiw 
BHLte-rygepHaTopa BnaHKa, He ByAer nHKBHAMpoaan 
AetpMUMT pa6oHHx py« m cneunanncTOB s 300 000 
MenoseK, ropoa WAyT orpoMHwe 3KOHOMMHecKne Tpya- 

HOCTM. 

H x<AaTb npHToxa amx rpyAOBbix pecypcoe Heo- 
TKyAa. KpOMe KaK ot Mwrpaunn 

Ho opn ceroAHfluiHHx KceHOt|3o6cKiix HacrpoeHH- 
sx b ropoAe paccHMtbiBaTb wa to, mto 3Ta npoS^ewia 
6yAeT 5e36one3HeHHo peweHa. ne npMXOAMTCfl. 

1/1 y6aroKnaaHne snacTeti. hto y nac Ha cauou 
aene ace - xopouio, TaMT orpOMHyw onacHOCTb. 

BcsKoe coKpbJTue CMMnTOMOB 6one3Hn 3aroH«eT 
ee TaK mySoKO, hto noTOM ee 6bmaeT npocTO He 

H3ri6HHTb 



'KAPTA- W43-n 2005 



4 3HAK BEJlbl 



181 



B LienoM no Poccwh aa nepBoe nonyroflne 2005 
rofla a pesynbiaTe npecTynneHMii Ha nonae HaLino- 
HanbHow HeHaBMCTM norwSno 10 w nocTp3A3/io we 
weHee 200 nenOBeic. 

Kohmmsctbo non/i6ujwx nowTM Ha TpeTb MeHbme, 
4eM e cooTBeTCTByiomMki nepnofl 2004r. 

npw 3tom HyxHO oTMeTMTb. mto MHorne npecTyn- 

JieHMH H3 nOMBe 3THMHeCKOM HeHaBMCTM CTaHOBHTCH 

n3BecTHbi b 3tom xa^ecTBe nepea flocTaTOMHQ flonroe 
Bpewn jim6o ocraioTcn HewsBecTHWMw coBceM {b crty- 
^ae 6os3hm wepTa o6pamart>ca a npaBOoxpaHvrrertb- 
Hbte opraHbi win 0TKa3a coTpyAHHKOB MBfl n npoxypa- 
Typbi KBarmcpMUMpOsaTb H36neHne nni4 youticTBO KaK 
cosepiueHHoe Ha noMse HamiOHajibKOM HeHaBwc™). 

Ha o6aie0eaepaxibHOM ypOBHe fleticTeytoT Kan 
MHHHMyw ceMb napTMM n ABnw:eHni?i. wcnoribaytomnx 
KceHO(po6wio M/Mnn pacn3M b Kanecrse ochobw ahs 
CBoei* HAeonorni* 

3to PyccKoe Ham*OHanbHoe eflMHCTBO (PHE). b 
HacTOflLqee BpeM« pacKonoBweecn Ha HecKonbKO aei- 
sei?i. co3aaHHas PHE «xopnHHeBa»» «Flopa», rmujeH- 
Han Mmhkjctom PO> perncTpauwn HamioHanbHo-flep- 
waBHan napTnn Pocchm. flBMweHHe npoma Heneranb- 



hoh MMMMrpaquvi. HaunoHanbHo-HapOflHan napTwa. 
napTWfi CBo6oabi PyccKnji 06meHauwoHanbHbtfi Coios 

KpoMe Toro. b p«fle peruoHOB aeticTByroT Mecr- 
Hwe HaunoHanncTHMecKne ABHweHHR apoae acrpa- 
xancKoro «BnTa3H», Ky6aHCKoro «OieMecTBa» unit exa- 
TepuHgyprcKoro tpOHAa «l"opoA 6e3 HapxoTHKOB». 

no AanHbiM SKCnepTOB, oBiyan 4ncneHnocTb aKTvt- 
buctob 3twx napTMH He npeBwiuaeT 10-15 twchm 4eno- 
BeK, Ctofla, 6e3ycnoBHO, flonwHa 6w 6biTb Ao6aeneHa 
«PoflHHa» c Poro3HHbiM, Apyrwe opraHwaauiiw bpoab 
«flBH>KeHHfl npoTns HeneranbHow MnrpaqwMw, KOTopoe 
B aertCTBnTenbHocTw nocroflHHO pacnpocTpanseT mh- 
(popMaqnio oTKpoBeHHO KceHocpo6cKoro coflep«aHi4», 
HaxoflH Besfle nponcKn npoTns pyccKoro HapoAa 

npoSneiwa pacuBeTa HaunoHartncTWHecKnx rpynn 
m rpynnwpoBOK b Poccmh cnowHa h MHorooBpasHa. 3to 
h coLiwanbHafl HeyOTpoeHHocrrb ayrcaiiAepoB, v\ oTcyr- 
CTBue hbtkmx 3aKOHOflaTenbHbix airrOB, n 3Kcnriy3T3- 
Lina neeBflonaTpMOTimecKHX jioaynroB napTOAMU k abh- 
»eHMflMM, in 6e3H3Ka3aHHOCTb nfleo/ioroB cospe- 
MeHHOTO $aiuM3Ma 

3ro - oweHb BonbHaa npoS^eMa, xOTOpyw B/iacrb 
He xombt aaMenaTb. 



SnMAEMMOTIOrMHECKASl nAMHTKA 



Bopnc CTPyfAUKUM 



MyMa b Haaieivi aowe fle^HTb ee Wbi He yueeiui. 
Bonee roro. mu cnnouib m pRflOM He yMeeM aawe 
nocTaBHTb npaBn/ibHbiM flnarH03, H tot, kto y»e sapa- 
3nncfl, aa^acryto ne 33MeMaeT, mo oh Sonew h sapa- 
3eH 

EMy-To KaweTca. hto oh 3HaeT o cpauiMSMe Bee. 
Beflb Bcew «e M3BecTHo, hto 0atun3M - sto: HepHbie 
acacoBCKMe MyHA^pbi; natoujan penb. BSAepHyrbie b 
Pmmckom npHBeTCTBMH pyKw; cBacTOKa; nepHo-Kpac- 
Hbie 3HaMeHa; wapiunpyioniMe KonoHHw; ntOflH-cKene- 
Tt>i aa KonKjMeii npoBOnOKOii; MnpHww awm v\3 Tpy6 
KpeNiaTopneB; 6ecHOBaTbii* tpiopep c HenoMKoii; toji- 
CTbiti TepMHr; no6necKHBa(OLunii cTetoibiLUKaMM neHCHe 
THMMJiep. - h eiye nonArosKMHbi Gonee nnn Menee 
AOCTOBepHbix cpHryp vta «CeMHaAuaTM MmOBeHMii Bec- 
Hbi». us «noflanra pa3BeAMHKa». M3 «n3a.eHMR Ebphm- 
Ha»... 

O. mw npexpacHo 3HaeM. mto Tarae tpaiitnaM - 
HeMeuKtw qbaiuw3M, oh we - rnTnepi*3M HaM n b 
ro/iosy ne npuxoflUT, hto cyiyecTByeT v\ ApyroS o>a- 
IUH3M, TaKOii me noraHbiti. Taxoii »ce cTpaujHbiw. ho 
C80w, AOMOpomeHHbiM, H. HasepHoe. mweHHo nosTOMy 
Mbt He bmaum era b ynop, KorAa oh hs rna3ax y Hac 
pa3pacTaeTcn b Tene crpaHw. cjiobho Tvixan 3noKane- 
CTBeHHan onyxonb- Mbi. npaefls. pa3nidM3eM CBSCTMKy, 
aaKaMytpnwpoBaHHyio noa pyHMHeCKMe 3h3kh flo wac 



BopuQ Hamawoeo 1 * CmpyzanxuO- nucamenb. aemop khus 
«TpydMo Sbimb 6o30M». «06<J/na«Mwti ocmpoev. «Xpo- 
M3R cydt>6a» u mhosux dpyaux, nanucan»bix e coaamop- 
cmae c Apnadueu CmpyaawuM 




AOHocHTCfl xpnnnt>te bod- 

nn.npn3biBaiomKeKpac- 
ripaBe naA dHOpOAuaMM. 
Mw 3aMeMaeM nopoii no- 
raHbie noayHru n KapTMH- 

KH H3 CT6H3X HaUJUX AO* 
MOB. HO Mbl HHK3K He MO- 

xeM npM3HaTbCB ceoe 

MTO 3TO TOKe $aLUH3M 
H3M BCe K3)«eTCH. 4T0 

cpaiun3M - 3to: nepnbie 

3C3COBCKH6 MyHAHPW 

naiomas nn03eMH3B 

pevb, wwpHbtii AfaiM n3 Tpy6 KpeMaTopnea, BOiiHa... 

Ceiinac AKafleMwn HayK. Boinortnas yKB3 flpesn- 
AeHTa. nnxopaAOHHO 0opMynnpyeT nayMHoe onpeAe- 
xienwe cpauin3Ma. Haao nonaraTb, sto 6yAeT Tonwoe. 
BceoeteMDiowee. Ha bcb cnyvan jkkshh onpeAene- 
HHe H, pa3yMeeTcn. AbflaonbCKM cno>KHoe. 

A Me»Ay TeM cpaujM3M - sto npocrro. Bonee Toro. 
tpauuMSM -3to oneHb npocTo! <t>aiuM3M ecTb AUKTaTypa 
HaunoHanncroB. CooTseTCTBeHHo. {pawncT - 3to ne- 
noseK, ncnoB6AyK)LL|nn i.z nponoeeAyiom^n) npeeoc- 

XOACTBO OAHOU H3L4HH H3A APyrHMH V\ npH 3TOM - 

aKTMBHbiiS no6opHMK «>Kene3HOi?i pyKM». «Awci4nnnwHbi- 
nops»Ai<a». wewoBbix pyKaanLi» n nponiix npenecTeii 
TOTannTapw3Ma. 

\A Bee. Boribuje Htmero b ocnoBe {paiiJH3Ma HeT. 
fluKTaTypa nn*oc Hai4MOHanvi3M ToT3nnTapHoe npas- 
neHwe oahom Haunii. A Bee ocrajibHoe - TatiHafl nonn- 



*w* kana org 



4 3HAK BEJlbl 



181 



B LienoM no Poccwh aa nepBoe nonyroflne 2005 
rofla a pesynbiaTe npecTynneHMii Ha nonae HaLino- 
HanbHow HeHaBMCTM norwSno 10 w nocTp3A3/io we 
weHee 200 nenOBeic. 

Kohmmsctbo non/i6ujwx nowTM Ha TpeTb MeHbme, 
4eM e cooTBeTCTByiomMki nepnofl 2004r. 

npw 3tom HyxHO oTMeTMTb. mto MHorne npecTyn- 

JieHMH H3 nOMBe 3THMHeCKOM HeHaBMCTM CTaHOBHTCH 

n3BecTHbi b 3tom xa^ecTBe nepea flocTaTOMHQ flonroe 
Bpewn jim6o ocraioTcn HewsBecTHWMw coBceM {b crty- 
^ae 6os3hm wepTa o6pamart>ca a npaBOoxpaHvrrertb- 
Hbte opraHbi win 0TKa3a coTpyAHHKOB MBfl n npoxypa- 
Typbi KBarmcpMUMpOsaTb H36neHne nni4 youticTBO KaK 
cosepiueHHoe Ha noMse HamiOHajibKOM HeHaBwc™). 

Ha o6aie0eaepaxibHOM ypOBHe fleticTeytoT Kan 
MHHHMyw ceMb napTMM n ABnw:eHni?i. wcnoribaytomnx 
KceHO(po6wio M/Mnn pacn3M b Kanecrse ochobw ahs 
CBoei* HAeonorni* 

3to PyccKoe Ham*OHanbHoe eflMHCTBO (PHE). b 
HacTOflLqee BpeM« pacKonoBweecn Ha HecKonbKO aei- 
sei?i. co3aaHHas PHE «xopnHHeBa»» «Flopa», rmujeH- 
Han Mmhkjctom PO> perncTpauwn HamioHanbHo-flep- 
waBHan napTnn Pocchm. flBMweHHe npoma Heneranb- 



hoh MMMMrpaquvi. HaunoHanbHo-HapOflHan napTwa. 
napTWfi CBo6oabi PyccKnji 06meHauwoHanbHbtfi Coios 

KpoMe Toro. b p«fle peruoHOB aeticTByroT Mecr- 
Hwe HaunoHanncTHMecKne ABHweHHR apoae acrpa- 
xancKoro «BnTa3H», Ky6aHCKoro «OieMecTBa» unit exa- 
TepuHgyprcKoro tpOHAa «l"opoA 6e3 HapxoTHKOB». 

no AanHbiM SKCnepTOB, oBiyan 4ncneHnocTb aKTvt- 
buctob 3twx napTMH He npeBwiuaeT 10-15 twchm 4eno- 
BeK, Ctofla, 6e3ycnoBHO, flonwHa 6w 6biTb Ao6aeneHa 
«PoflHHa» c Poro3HHbiM, Apyrwe opraHwaauiiw bpoab 
«flBH>KeHHfl npoTns HeneranbHow MnrpaqwMw, KOTopoe 
B aertCTBnTenbHocTw nocroflHHO pacnpocTpanseT mh- 
(popMaqnio oTKpoBeHHO KceHocpo6cKoro coflep«aHi4», 
HaxoflH Besfle nponcKn npoTns pyccKoro HapoAa 

npoSneiwa pacuBeTa HaunoHartncTWHecKnx rpynn 
m rpynnwpoBOK b Poccmh cnowHa h MHorooBpasHa. 3to 
h coLiwanbHafl HeyOTpoeHHocrrb ayrcaiiAepoB, v\ oTcyr- 
CTBue hbtkmx 3aKOHOflaTenbHbix airrOB, n 3Kcnriy3T3- 
Lina neeBflonaTpMOTimecKHX jioaynroB napTOAMU k abh- 
»eHMflMM, in 6e3H3Ka3aHHOCTb nfleo/ioroB cospe- 
MeHHOTO $aiuM3Ma 

3ro - oweHb BonbHaa npoS^eMa, xOTOpyw B/iacrb 
He xombt aaMenaTb. 



SnMAEMMOTIOrMHECKASl nAMHTKA 



Bopnc CTPyfAUKUM 



MyMa b Haaieivi aowe fle^HTb ee Wbi He yueeiui. 
Bonee roro. mu cnnouib m pRflOM He yMeeM aawe 
nocTaBHTb npaBn/ibHbiM flnarH03, H tot, kto y»e sapa- 
3nncfl, aa^acryto ne 33MeMaeT, mo oh Sonew h sapa- 
3eH 

EMy-To KaweTca. hto oh 3HaeT o cpauiMSMe Bee. 
Beflb Bcew «e M3BecTHo, hto 0atun3M - sto: HepHbie 
acacoBCKMe MyHA^pbi; natoujan penb. BSAepHyrbie b 
Pmmckom npHBeTCTBMH pyKw; cBacTOKa; nepHo-Kpac- 
Hbie 3HaMeHa; wapiunpyioniMe KonoHHw; ntOflH-cKene- 
Tt>i aa KonKjMeii npoBOnOKOii; MnpHww awm v\3 Tpy6 
KpeNiaTopneB; 6ecHOBaTbii* tpiopep c HenoMKoii; toji- 
CTbiti TepMHr; no6necKHBa(OLunii cTetoibiLUKaMM neHCHe 
THMMJiep. - h eiye nonArosKMHbi Gonee nnn Menee 
AOCTOBepHbix cpHryp vta «CeMHaAuaTM MmOBeHMii Bec- 
Hbi». us «noflanra pa3BeAMHKa». M3 «n3a.eHMR Ebphm- 
Ha»... 

O. mw npexpacHo 3HaeM. mto Tarae tpaiitnaM - 
HeMeuKtw qbaiuw3M, oh we - rnTnepi*3M HaM n b 
ro/iosy ne npuxoflUT, hto cyiyecTByeT v\ ApyroS o>a- 
IUH3M, TaKOii me noraHbiti. Taxoii »ce cTpaujHbiw. ho 
C80w, AOMOpomeHHbiM, H. HasepHoe. mweHHo nosTOMy 
Mbt He bmaum era b ynop, KorAa oh hs rna3ax y Hac 
pa3pacTaeTcn b Tene crpaHw. cjiobho Tvixan 3noKane- 
CTBeHHan onyxonb- Mbi. npaefls. pa3nidM3eM CBSCTMKy, 
aaKaMytpnwpoBaHHyio noa pyHMHeCKMe 3h3kh flo wac 



BopuQ Hamawoeo 1 * CmpyzanxuO- nucamenb. aemop khus 
«TpydMo Sbimb 6o30M». «06<J/na«Mwti ocmpoev. «Xpo- 
M3R cydt>6a» u mhosux dpyaux, nanucan»bix e coaamop- 
cmae c Apnadueu CmpyaawuM 




AOHocHTCfl xpnnnt>te bod- 

nn.npn3biBaiomKeKpac- 
ripaBe naA dHOpOAuaMM. 
Mw 3aMeMaeM nopoii no- 
raHbie noayHru n KapTMH- 

KH H3 CT6H3X HaUJUX AO* 
MOB. HO Mbl HHK3K He MO- 

xeM npM3HaTbCB ceoe 

MTO 3TO TOKe $aLUH3M 
H3M BCe K3)«eTCH. 4T0 

cpaiun3M - 3to: nepnbie 

3C3COBCKH6 MyHAHPW 

naiomas nn03eMH3B 

pevb, wwpHbtii AfaiM n3 Tpy6 KpeMaTopnea, BOiiHa... 

Ceiinac AKafleMwn HayK. Boinortnas yKB3 flpesn- 
AeHTa. nnxopaAOHHO 0opMynnpyeT nayMHoe onpeAe- 
xienwe cpauin3Ma. Haao nonaraTb, sto 6yAeT Tonwoe. 
BceoeteMDiowee. Ha bcb cnyvan jkkshh onpeAene- 
HHe H, pa3yMeeTcn. AbflaonbCKM cno>KHoe. 

A Me»Ay TeM cpaujM3M - sto npocrro. Bonee Toro. 
tpauuMSM -3to oneHb npocTo! <t>aiuM3M ecTb AUKTaTypa 
HaunoHanncroB. CooTseTCTBeHHo. {pawncT - 3to ne- 
noseK, ncnoB6AyK)LL|nn i.z nponoeeAyiom^n) npeeoc- 

XOACTBO OAHOU H3L4HH H3A APyrHMH V\ npH 3TOM - 

aKTMBHbiiS no6opHMK «>Kene3HOi?i pyKM». «Awci4nnnwHbi- 
nops»Ai<a». wewoBbix pyKaanLi» n nponiix npenecTeii 
TOTannTapw3Ma. 

\A Bee. Boribuje Htmero b ocnoBe {paiiJH3Ma HeT. 
fluKTaTypa nn*oc Hai4MOHanvi3M ToT3nnTapHoe npas- 
neHwe oahom Haunii. A Bee ocrajibHoe - TatiHafl nonn- 



*w* kana org 



182 



4 3HAK EEflbl 



una. ziareps. xocrpbi H3 khki-, BOi*Ha - npopacraeT us 

3TOro OflOBHTOro 3epH3. K3K CMepTb H3 paKOBOM KJ16TKH 

BoawowHa )Kene3Han AwirraTypa co bccmh ee rpo- 
6oBb(MM npenecTflMM - CKawew, fluicraTypa CTpeccHe- 
pa b naparoae nrui AwcraTypa dannHa e CCCP. - ho 
nocKonbKy TOTanbHow nfleeii 3tom AUKTaTypw He «Bnn- 
eTca wen HauwoHa/ibHaa (pacoBan) - aro ywe He 
cpaujusM Bosmowho rocyAapcTBo. onMparomeecfi na 
HauMOHanbHyto v\aex>, - CKaweM, Mapannb. - ho ecnn 
OTcyTCTByeT flMKTaTypa («>Kejie3Hafl pyKa», noflaene- 
Hue AeMOKparnMecKnx cboooa, BcesnacTbe TawHow 
nonnqHUi - 3TO ywe He <pai±M3M. 

CoeepiueHHO BeccMwcneHHbi m SesrpaMOTHbi bw- 
paweHwa Tuna «fleMocpaujncT» w/w «{pawi«:T8yK)uuw 
AeMOKpaT». 3to TaKan we nenenocTb KaK «neAflHOii 

KMflHTOK» HnH «ap0M3TH0e 3riOBOHHe». flSMOKpaT, fla. 

Mower BbiTb b KaKow-To creneHM HaunoHa/iHCTOM. ho 
om, no onpefleneHMio. Bpar bchkqm h BcnsecKOw AHicra- 
Typw, a noaTowy (paujwcrroM 6bfTb npocro He yMeeT. 
TaK we, KaK He yMeeT HHKaKow cpauincT 6biTb aeMOKpa- 
tom, cTopoHHHKOM cBoSoflbi cnoBa. cBoBoAbi nenaTH. 
caoSoAbi mutuihtob n aeMOHCTpauHi* oh Bceraa 3a 
OAHy CBoSoAy - CBo6oay >Kene3H0w Pyxu 

Mory nerKo npeACTaBHTb ceoe senc-BeKa. koto- 

pb!H. 03HaK0MHBQJVICb CO BCeMU 3THMH MOHMH flfiCpU- 

hhmkbmh, cKawer (c coMHeHMeM)' «3taK y Te6« nony- 
saercs. uto neT nnTbcoT-njecTbCOT na33A Bee Ha CBeTe 

SblflH 0aLUHCTaMH - H KHH3bfl. M L(apH. M CeHbOpbl, M 

Bacca/ibi. » B KaKOM-To cwwc/ie Tanoe 33M6M3Hne 
Bbex b Menb, n6o oho BepHo «c TOHHocrbto ao Hao6o- 
poT» cpaaiusM - sto aaAepwaewwMCfl b pa3BHTnn 
0>eoAann3M, nepewMBWHii m BeK napa h seK sneicrpH- 
secTBa. h BeK aiOMa, n roTOBUH nepewHTb BeK kocmm- 
MecKMx noneTOB h ncicyccTBeHHoro WHrenneirra. *eo- 
AanbHwe OTHOtueHHH, Kasanocb 6bi, wcseanM. ho 0eo- 
AanbHbifi MeHTanMTeT OKa3ancn wiiayM li MOrys, oh 
oKa3anca cwrtbHee m napa, n snetorpHMecTBa, cMnbwee 
BceoSiuew rpaMOTHocTW n Bceo6meii KOMnbK)Tepn3a- 
lihm, )KnByHecTb ero, 6e3ycnoBHO, MMeeT npmmiHoii to 

OSCTOflTeribCTBO, HTO KOpHRMH CBOHMM 0>eOAariM3M 

yxOAUT b AotpeoAanbHbie, eme nemepHbie BpeMena, b 
MeHTaribHOCTb 6/ioxacTOro cTaAa 6ecxB0CTbix o6e3b- 
rh: Bee 4y>KaKM. x<MBya|ne b coceAneM /iecy, -oTBpaTK- 
reribHbi m onacHbi, a bowsk Hauj aeniiKonenHo xtecTOK, 
MyAP m no6e>KAaeT eparoe 3ia nepBo6biTHan MeH- 
TanbHOdb Buflnivto, HecKOponoKHHeTpoflMenoBeMec- 
kmm. M noaTOMy $auJM3M - 3to <|>eoAann3M cerOAHn. H 
saBTpa. 

To/ibKO. paAn Bora, He nyTsiiTe Hai4MOHann3M c 

naTpHOTHSMOM! naTpHOTW3M - 3T0 ntO60Bb K CBOeMy 

napOAy. a HaL4MOHanM3M - nenpuflanb R MywoMy. naT- 
pnoT npeKpacHO 3HaeT, hto He 6biBaeT nnoxnx vi xopo- 
oihx napoAOB - obtBator nuiub n/ioxkie w xopoiu^e 
nioAn HanwoHanncT we scerAa Mbic/mr KareropMSMH 
«CBOn-Hy?Kne». «HaLun-HeHauun», «Bopbi-(ppaepa», oh 
ue/ibie napOAbi c/ierKOCTbto Heo6biKHOB6HH0Ji 3anncbi- 
BaeT b HeroAavi. nnn b AypaKu vtnm b SaHAHTbi 

3to eawHeviaiMM npn3naK o>aiuMCTCKOM nAeono- 
rMW -AeneHMe nwAeii Ha «Hauinx n HeHawnx». CTa- 
nnHCKHvi T0TannTapn3M ocHosaH na noAo6HOM maso- 

/lOrMM, n03T0My-T0 OHM T3K OOXOKM, 3TH peKKMbl - 

pewMMbi-ySviMUbi, pewwMbi - pa3pyiunTenn KyjibTypbt, 
pewHMbi-MnnnTapucTbt TonbKo ^auiwcTbi niOAeii Ae- 
nm Ha pacw, a cTaniiHucTbi - na Knaccw 



OMeHbBa>KHbiMnpti3HaKCpaLiJH3Ma-no>Kb. KoneM- 

HO, He BCHKMM, KTO HWeT. (paUJMCT, HO BCHt(MM O^aiiJMCT 

- o6H3aTenbKo nweu Oh npocro BtiHywAen nraTb 
noTowiy hto AnirraTypy HHorAa eu<e KaK-To mowho. 
xyAO-oeAHO. ho Bce-raKki pasyMHO. oSoCHOBaTb. naun- 
OHariHSM we oSocHOBaTb mowho TonbKo Mepe3 nocpea- 

CTBO HMVI — KaKMMM-HklSyAb ($anbLUHBbiMH «npOTOKO- 

naMn» n/in pasmarartbCTBOBaHUflMM. MTo-Ae neBpen 
pyccKMM napoA cnon/in» «Bce KaBKa3qbi - npnpo>KAen- 
Hbte 6aHAMTbi» n TOMy noAoSnoe. noaroMy 0auincTbi - 
nryT. M BCerAa nranw. M HHKTOTOHnee Spnecra XevuH- 
ryan He CKa3an o hmx «*aiuM3M ecTb nowb, tispeKae- 
Man 6aHAHTaMLi» 

T3K HTO eCnM Bbl BAPyr «OC03Ka/lM», MTO TOnbKO 

riMiub Bauj HapoA aoctohh Bcex 6nar, a Bee npOMHe 
HapOAbi BOKpyr - btopo^ copT, no3Apaanflio: Bbt cAena- 
nn cbom nepBbiM war e 0aiuw3M. riOTOM Bac oceHaeT. 
mto BbicoKnx nenevi Baai HapoA Ao6beTcs. ronbuo nor- 
Aa weneaHbiH nopflAOK 6yAeT ycTaHOB/ien h aaTKHyT 
nacTb Bceu stmm KpuKynawi m 6ywaroMapaKaM. pasrna- 
ronbCTBytom/M o CBo6oAax, KorAa nocTasnT k CTenKe 
(6es cyAa n cneACTBMR) acex, kto nAeT nonepeK, a 
HHOpOAMes 6ecnou|aAHo B03bMyT k ho(TK3. . . H kbk TonbKo 
Bbi npuHnnM ace sto, - npouecc 3aBepujnncfl: bw ywe 
{fcawKCT. Ha Bac neT Mepnoro MyHAUpa co cBacrnKOki 
Bu He Hiueeie npHBbWKn opaTb «xa^b!» Bbi bckj 
>KH3Hb ropAnnncb no5eAOM nauievi cTpanbt HaA 0atuM3- 
mom m. MoweT 6btTb. Aawe caMM. nMMHo. npM6nn>Kann 
3Ty no5eAy Ho bw no3Bonnnn ce6e BCTaTb b pflAw 
6opi40B 3a A^KTaTypy HauMonanMCTOB - m bu ywe 
(paiuMCT Ka« npocro! KaK CTpaiuHo npocTo 

H He roBOpMTe renepb. sto bw - coBcew He anott 
senoBeK, mto Bbi npor^B CTpaAannw nx>p.eii neBHHHbix 
(k cTeHKe nocTaBneHbi AOn>KHbi SbiTb TonbKo spam 
nop^AKa, « To/ibKO Bparn nop^AKa AonwHbi otoaaTbCH 
33 KomoHeti npoaonoKoii). sto y Bac y caMoro AeTH- 
BHyKn, sto Bbi npoTHB BOMHbt ... Bee 3to ywe He MMeeT 
SHaHeHwu. Konb crapo npuHnnH Bbi npusacTue ByMBO- 
na. flopora MCTOpHMAaBHoywe HaKaTana, nornKa mcto- 
pnii SecnomaAna. n. KaK TonbKo npnAyT k Bnadu bbluh 
cptopepw. 3apa6oTaeT oTnaweHHbiiii KOHBetiep: ycTpa- 
HeHHe WHaKOMbtcnfliynx - noAaenenwe HenaSejKHoro 
npoTecra - KOHunarepn. Bucenimbi - ynaAOK mhphoh 
3KOH0MHKH - MwfiHTapw3aqnfl - BoiiHa A ecnn Bbi. 

OnOMHUBUJWCb, 3axOTMTe B KaKOH-TO MOMeHT ocraHO- 

BMTb 3tot cTpanjHbiii KOHBeiiep, Bbi SyAeTe 6ecnomaA- 
ho yHVMTOweHbi, cnoBHocaMbiii pacnocneAHMh AeMOK- 
paT-^HTepHamioMarncT 3naMeHa y Bac6yAyr He Kpac- 
Ho-nopuMHeBbie, a - HanpuMep - sepHO-opawweBbte 
Bbi 6yAeTe Ha cboux cofipaHiABx KpusaTb He «xa«nb», 
a. cKawew. «cnaaa!». He ByAeT y Bac wTypM6aHHcpio- 
pepoB. a 6yAyT KaKne-HMfiyAb ecay/i-6pnraAwpbi, ho 
cyiKHocTb o>atun3Ma - AHKiarypa nauMCTOB - ocraHeT- 
cn, a anasnT. ocTaneTCn nowb, KpoBb, BoiiHa - Tenepb, 
b03mowho. HflepHan 

Mw wnBeM b onacHoe BpeMa MyMa b HameM aomb. 
B nepByto osepeAb OHa nopaxoeT 0CKop6neHHbix w 
yHnweHHbix. a wx TaK MHOro ceiisac. 

Mokho nw noBepHyTb ncropnio BcnsiTb? Hasep- 
Hoe. mowho - ecn*i aToro saxoTST MMnnnoHbi Tax 
AaBatiTe we aroro He xorexb. BeAb MHoroe aaBucuT ot 
HaccaMwx. He Bee. KonesHO, ho MHoroe. 



KAPTA l« A'i-A* 2005 






4 nPABA 4EJTQBEKA 



113 



HTO C HAMM CJiyHllJlOCb? 




Bepa BACM/lbEBA 

fOBOpflT, HTO MCTOPHH 

noBTOpneTCn ABa^Abi: 
o/iHH paa k3k TpareflMs. 
flpyroii - b Bvtae 4>apca. 
Ho «<£apc» nofl Ha3Ba- 
HHeM «fleno IOKOCa» Ha 
noBepxy oxassncfl ne 
MeHee cTpawHbiM w xce- 

CTQKHM, Hew MHfalB Tpa- 

reflnn npownoro. r?na- 
toh JleSeaeB - Ha o6pa- 

SOTtte KBMHeM. MnX3Kn XOflOpKOBCKMH - H3 ypaHOBOM 

pyflHWKe, TaKOB wTor «6acvtaHHOH» anonew, HanaB- 
weiicfl ABa roaa Ha3aflcapecra nporneBaBiuero Kpewnb 
SnaHecMeHa b hobocw6hpckom aaponopTy no cwnOBo- 
My cueHapwo (b kotopom He 6wno HMxaKow HyjKAw') 

O npouecce Hafl Xoaopkobckmm h fleSeaeBbiM. ne 
nMetoiyHM Htmero oBmero c ornpaBneHiieM wcTMHHoro 
npaeocyflMA, o6eccTbiflHOM orbeMe «KyCKOB» HexorAa 
npoi4BeT3BiueM netpTflHow KOMnantiH yme HanncaHO (m 
naBepHHKa euje SyaeT HanwcaHo) HeMano MHe we 
xoneTcs ctcaaaib o ApyOM - b/imshuvi «aena K)KOCa» 
- neT, hb na nonwTHHecKne m 3KOHOMMHecxne caoSoflbi 
B Pocchh. a Ha nn^HOCTb. HHflUBMflyanbHoe «n» xaw- 

AOrO. riOTOMy HTO HMeHHO M3 

TaKvix - n3BeciHbix m SeaaecT- 
hwx - «a» vi ocnaflbiBaeTCH 06- 

lUeCTBO, B KOTOpOM K3)Kflblki M3 

Hac wMBeT. 

BeAb aeno Aaxe He b tom, 
hto b o<pMLtnajibHOM nepeHHe, 
yTsepwfleHHOM MuHSflpaBOM vi 

MMHKJCTOM P*. MeAHUMHCKMX 

npOTHBonoK33aHn(i k OTSbma- 

HWK) CpOKa SaKJlKDHeHKH b SMa- 

no-HeHeqKOM aBTOHOMHOM ok- 
pyre 3h3mhtcb xpoHnnecKHii re- 
naTWT. KOTOptiiM 6onen nnaTOH 

fleoefles 

M He B TOM, HTO KOflOHKM. 

pacnonojKeHHow Ha ypanoBOM 
pyAHMKe. He ao/dkho 6btTb b 
npuHqune. (YpaHOByio pyAy 

MO>KHO AOOWBaTb HHWb CBoSOA" 

HbiM nioAflM aa 6onbLune Aenb- 
rn u TonbKo orpaHMHeHHoe spe- 

MH nOA )KeCTKMM M6AHUHHCKHM 

KOHTponeM. KciaTH, oyAyHH aaxpbiTow npw npe3MfleHTe 
Bopuce EnbUMHe, RP14/10 BHOBb Hanaro 0yHxuno- 
HMpoeaTb npn BnaflMWHpe nyriiHe.) 

A Aeno b tom, hto Ann Toro. hto6w sto CJiynnnoCb. 
b HaniMx ronosax aoj"i>kho 6bino npon30MTw syflOBMtu- 
Hoe HcxaweHMe npeACTasneHviti o ao3BoneHHOM, bw- 
paSoTaHHbix HenoBenecTBOM na npOTRwennH seKOB. hmh'' 



KonoHua Or 98/3 e noceme Xapn 
flMano-HeHeuKoaoAemoHOMHoao Ok- 
pyza npedH33HaneHa dnn oco6o onac- 
Hbix penudueucmoe. Saxnto^eHHbieaa- 
Hftmbi usaomoenenueM mpomyapHoti 
nnumnu, dpoGnemteM *raM«eo dnn yx- 
naoxu nnouiadeQ u na dpyzux eudax 
padom. 

KonommRr- 14/10e sopode Kpac- 
HOKauencK ^umuHCKoQo6rtacmu6bina 
ccpopMupoeaHa drm dodbmu ypatia. 
KpacHOKaueMCK exmoveH e PoccuQc- 
kliu peecmp Mecm c ne6nasonony^~ 
hqu paduauuoHHOu o6cmaHQ8KOii. 
CpednfiR npodonxumenbHocmb mu3- 
hu amoM sopode - 42 aoda A aatoiio- 
<4€HHbie oObNHo hb abidepKueaiom do- 
nee 5 nem omdbieaHtift HanasaHUfi e 
xonOHUu. 



BcnoMMHaeTCfr 
BpHKB, 

ocofibKO npaadu e sna3ax aocydapcmeeHHbtx tvntox! 

Borne, 

CKOtibKO eepbi e pyxax omcmaeHbix nanaveut 

Tbi He daG um onxmb 3axamamb pyxaea, 

Tbi He dau um onftmb saKamamb pynaea 

Cyemnusbix Hoveu. " 

flann. no3Bormnn. Bnacrb hhhmt HaA Xoaopkobc- 
khm 6ecnpeAen - Hapoa 6e3MonBCTByeT, a Koe-KTO n 
annoAnpyeT Mon, TaK eMy. oniirapxy, h hsao! Vpa-a-3! 
BopAonsKeH cuaerb b TiopbMe!!! 

Snanm, KyMexseT anacTb. pa3peiueHO! M ceroann 
Tbi - paAOBoPt rpa)KflaHHH, KV\symv\ii Ha cpeAHecTa™- 
CTHHecKyto sapnnaTy, nK36«ujnii OTeu h/im MaTb ceMeii- 
crsa. A 33BTpa HenapOKOM nepeujen flopory hmhobhm- 
xy, 14 b MmoBenne 0x3 -nsiTafi kojiohhs, Bpar HapoAa. 
Bop. rtofl BceoBiuee paAocTHoe ymonraxaKbe - b xaMe- 
HonoMHio, Ha ypaHOBwe pyflHMxw Te6n! 

H HHKOMy neT Aena ao toto, hto HacTOHinMM sop 
ctosd b ynxHitoKaromeii Tonne n xpHMan rpoMne Bcex 
«flep>KM Bopa!» 

Mto-to nyAOBMiUHoe b Hawnx 
ronoaax... M ywe He ornnHMiub. 
rAe oaHAHTH, a rAe samHTHHKM 

OT HHX 

CBemaHa BaxMWHa, KjpviCT 
«(OKOCa» h MaTb aboux ms- 
neHbKwx AeTevi. oohtii toa co- 
Aep)KHTC!! 3a peweTKOii c ueiibio 
nonyneHHH ot Hee nowHtix noxa- 

3aHHM npOTHB pyKOBOACTBa XOM- 

naHMw. (A ecrsK ne n>KecBnfle- 

TenbCTByeUJb, TO Mb) M My)K3 TBO- 

ero nocaAHM. a tbom nerw ot- 
npaBfrrcs b aeTAOM - Umbhho 
TaK, no onosaM oDenHneMcw, 
pasroBapneann c Heri npeflcia- 
anienn reHnpoxypaTypbi.) 

He orosopwn ce6a? BeAeiub 
ce6n Aep3xo? Hy. Tax neHaii Ha 
ce6fl! Mb! m Apyra TBoero yrpo- 
6mm, h Te5a 330Aho. ilpeBpaTHM 
B narepnyK) nbi/ib. 

Mowho nw 6bino npeAnono- 

>KMTb, 4TO 3TO BbipaXeHMe CTSJIUHCKHX BpeMeH BHOBb 

BepHeTcn b axTHBHbiM neKcuxoH? 

Bepno cKa3aHo mw HMeeM TaKyio Bn3CTb. xaKyto 
3acny>x«BaeM Ho ecnvi npeACTaBneHiiM 06 oGiueneno- 
BenecKOM Mopanw y nac ywe, noxowe. «e ocTa/iocb, to, 
MosxeT 6brTb. cnaceT xota 6bi nyscTBO caMocoxpane- 



BepaBacufibeBa-MypHatiticm. aumueucm Henpaeumenb' 
cnweHHoG opsaHuzauuu irCoeecmb*. Mocxea 



' Mj necMu «PoduH8» poK-spynnbi x/JfJT». 
Cmuxu lOpuft UJ&evyxa. 



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