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Full text of "LichtTheorie"

AHflPEM BEJlbM 

pyflonbo urreftHEP m fete b mmpobo33pehmm cobpemehhocth. 

BOCnOMMHAHMfl O tUTEftHEPE 



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Hi jmtmntmrtT^itMiAMit 



AHflPEM BEJlblM 



Co6paHM6 COMMHeHMM 



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Mockm 

H3A8T«nbCTBO «P*cny6iWKa» 

2000 



YAK a 

I1I1K M4I 
MM 



CaApaima M«an«Hiii 
hoa oftuttl paaaxuiieft 
npcxp. fl. M. IIucxyHota 

Contsjieaae Tout, 
noATOToaxa TexcTa, 
xomieHTapwi u nocjiecjioane 
1/1. H. JlaeymuHoU 

IIpHJioxeHHe 

(noaroroBKa tckcth h KOMMeHTapnn) 

M. JI. Cnuaaic 

XyaowecTBeHHoe otpopii jiemie Toiia 
BunojiHeHO no cepiiHHoa paapaSo-rice 
xyaoxBMKa 

A. IJAamoHota 

Ha (ppoHTiicnace — AH^pefi Eejn»iH. 1929 r. 



Bwaui AaaptA 
■48 Co6paHHe coHHHeHHii. Pyaojii»<p IIlTeHHep h TeTe b MHpoB03- 
■peHBB coiipeiceHHocTH. BocnoiinBaHHx o HiTeHHepe / 06m. pea. 
B. M. IlHCKyHOBa; Coct., kommcht. h nocjiecji. H. H. JlaryTHHoii. 
— M .: PecnyGjiHKa, 2000. — 719 c. 
ISBN 5—250—02736—9 

B TOM afcmovau HpoaoaspeHtecHrc npomaieaesu nzcarejM a mucjdr«u Anapex 

» (1880 — 1931), Koropue muxoa«r i Kamei cTpue nocjie aojctx jict »6aea*a. B nax 

I HUIZUM o6paaoH ocHosaue nmoxemi UBTponocoiJm icucqtoro ijuuioco- 

I P. IDieaaep* (1861 — 1925), yienaji, npeflCTaajunomero oo6oi auieraoe xajieHBe 

t ftyxouoi xnn XX i. 

B nprnjioatean uy6mntyioTC* aocnoimnmui Aanpea Bejioro o coapeueHKaxax, 06 
" aojttaw, o caoeii npHo6ngeHHK k anTponocofpaa. 



EBK 86.42 

liHN 1—250-02736—9 ■* © H3fla T ejii,cTBo "Pecny6jmKa", 2000 



...Hepe3 cjiohchocth — *■ nyTb k npocTOTe; 

aHTponocoi^HH h TeTe cyTb cjiohchocth; 

o6pam.eHHe hx npyr k «pyry — Bcejiemiax cjiojkhoctch; , 

ho 3«ecb HueHHo Hac BCTpenaiOT Tpoflyi 

k rapuoHHHecKOH npocTOTe 

h "BecejiOH Hayxe" cBo6o«ti. 

Andpeu Bejibiu 




'' V; , 



PYflOJlbO WTEMHEP II TEYe 
MMPOB033PEHMM COBPEMEHHOCTM 



Otbot 3MMJ1MK) MeTHepy Ha ero nepBbm tom 
"Pa3MbiiurieHMii a Teie" 



">KfleM CHucxoflume/ibHO- 
nonyiwpHoro omeema". 

3mh/imm MeTHep 




BCTyPHTEJlbHOE CJIOBO ABTOPA 



HeraTHBHoe coAepxaaae Moea khhth Teji He ueaee ho3hthbho, h6o 
KpHTHKa b Heft — "npopMB" KpHTHKH b CTpaay nepcneKTHB, naflaWIlfllX, KaK 
yflap, no B033peHHJOi, 03ar.naBJieHHi.iM : "P a 3 m m iiiji e h a a o Te-re. K b a - 
ra nepaaa. Pa36op bstjihaob P. fflieiHepa". 

ToHKJUf, yHHMM, BaHHTaBHI.nl, 3JieraHTHiIlI 3amHTH H KOM flejlBKaTHtlX 

BonpocoB KyjrbTypbi cnuseT aBTop "soaapeiurii" b Ha6paHBfcix mockobckhx 
Kpyrax; ero mhchhh — pe30JU0THBiu>i, a aaaio; ero KHara — a 3Haio 
Hasepaoe — B&iABaraeT cboio wiiy jhst (a He /ma) h asjueT CTapaaae 
noryoaTi. aejieaeioiina bcxoa hoboh mbicjih Mopo30M HacueineK, npacsoaa 
KyjttTypy ce6e, oruHMaa ee y apyrax. MuorojieTHeio ixpyx6om, cepaea 
ocTpeaimix Secea h coBMecTHtm ynacTaeM b "Mycareie" 1 c diuuiaeM 
MeraepoM caa3aH 6mji a*. 

HeysaxeHae k AymeBHMM cbbt&ihjdi b caoe Bpejia 3acraBHJio h iieHa 
orpaflHTb ce6a ot KyjitTypw, TamaBineii "cbhtmhb" b 6a3ap cjiOBonpeiraa 
h TpaTHBmea Heirawe chju>i cboh Ha OTpaaceime b Gpoimope h KHHre — cajioH- 
boh CJiosecHOCTH; aTMOCtpepa HeflOJiacaoro ujyaia conpoBoatflajia sonpoc o "caa- 
tmhhx" Tan HxeaHO, r«e npasbncjia m.i nepnaxi. chjibi aju jkh3- 
bh b o6meHHH c 6jib3Khmh; OTCTaHBaJiact ocTpefiinaa ropeni,, roHa b oah- 

HOHCCTBO... 

3a rpaHHuea npmnjioct MHe ycjitmiaTi, orpojiHyio cepmo jieKiraa Ha Tejiti 
"paa6opa B033peHHa", npeanpjiHHToro SujumeM MeTHepoii; rojioc mob, 06- 
pauieHHbni c npoci.6aMH JiaKBHAapoBaxi. KpHBOTOjiKH, AaBuo aaiiapaji b aesHH- 
liaHaa; aaxHBO xopoHHjm: OTpeinajni aaonuo iieaa, He abb cjiosa jnie, ot 
Teneima, 3a KOTopoe a Kpemto /jepacyci, h flOHtrae: ot pyccKoro cbm- 
b o ji h a h a . ATiioccpepa spaacAeSHOCTH nocjie Tpex Jiei 6e3MOJiBHa, aaxoaeu., 
noHy/nuia a lfeaa paao6pa-n> mbicjih aBTopa "P a 3 mmih ji eua a o TeTe", 

KBK CBMHTOM Ba3peBaHWnfX B npOAOJlJKHTeJIbHfclX CXBaTOK OmeHHOH, 3BpHT- 

MHHeCKOH 1U.ICJIB C flepeBBHHOH) ee iiepTBH3IIOIO. 

PyAOJn.<p IIlTeHHep ce6a oiflasaji «ecnTnjieTHe KOMMeaTapaaM k TeTeBbiM 
Hay<rabiii BoaapeHaaii*; b bhx b3oihjih 3ejieua hoboh sbucjih*; no3HTHBHaa 
CTopoaa Moeii khhtb — leaaHKa BHBMaHaa k hem. IJejioe hoboh mmcjib 
Aasajioci. 3Aeci, pa3Hoo6pa3HbiMH naHopaMaaia; Kaac/jaji naHOpaiia — okho; 
b B3uiaA b Hero — B3rji»A Ha uejioe; SKcnoaauaa "BsrjiaAos" moh — aenpeA- 
Bsara: TeayHa; OHa — "bstjiba ckb03b KpaTHKy"; 3Aecb — ckbo3i> 
cjiowiifcie paccyjKAeHHa o cacTeiie Haya; Tasi — ckbosi. necrp&ie npasMbi 
reTestix Teopaa o cBeTe; noaiosiy oaa — ceiiBHapaa Ha TeMy o TeTe u PyAO- 
ju><pe niTeBaepe; cjioacen oh; bo uattpumo «oiTaTejiio: nepes cjiohcbocth 

8 



— nyib K npocTOTe; airrponocodiHH h TeTe cyn. cjiohchocth; oSpameime hx 
flpyr k apyry — BcejieHHan CJio»HOCTea; ho 3flecb hmchbo hbc BCTpenaioT 
Tpom>i k rapMOHHHecKOH npocTOTe a "aecejiOH Hayice" CBoGoflti 5 . 

Ilo-maa TmaTejrbHbix ceiiHHapneB mhoh Hcnbrraiia b 6i.ithocti» cryfleHTOii; 
■ — librae: secejio nepe»HBaio cryfleinOM ce6n, .laSbiBan roflBi xonc^eHHH no 
mpy "nucaTejieii"; fljin HHcaxeJiH ceMHHapHn He iiyacen: iracaTejn. He yiirrcH 

— yHHT oh. , H HHOii y HHCaTejuo BogpaeTOBaji 6i>i otjiojkhti. noyneHMH ua 
aaaecTHbie TeMbi; a — nepeacirri. BHOBi>'cTyAen«iecTBo. 

3H8HHH 6ea ceMHHapiu — hct. 

Cxeio Bi.iCKa3aTi.: mhoh B033peHHH niTeiniepa ao KOHiia He H3yqem,i: 
■ayneHHe — in statui nascendi'; h — bot: cueio a nojiar'a'Ti., hto 
BoaapeHHH 3th 6ojn>ice BegoMM mhc, neii ocrpflinHM ua JtoAHue Teiibi; mohx 
caeAeHMH aojito He XBaurr, <no6u aau. CHCTeiiamKy MaTepaajia: acchtkob 
KypcoB, cron khht h mhothx cot JieKiririi; ho CBeAemrii xsaTHT ajih kphthkh: 
cajiOHHOro ocrpoyiiHH. 

CeiiHHapHH BefleT iichh k Teite: ten, co6ctbcuho, aHTponocotpaji 
h h k o r a & He 6 bi ji a; h OTCiOAa yace HenpeaB3HTo BctaeT u ApyraH, npmcpbi- 
luieiia: <ito ecu oh a. 

AHflPEM BEJlblM 



O mstoa* coKpaujeHHM npH ccbinKax 

Kmiry "Pa3Mi>iuiJieHH.H o TeTe" coKpaiqaio b "Pol"' h; mm ace: 
6e3 yKaaaRHH Ha 3arjiaBae KHHru conposoatflaio tckct CKo6KaMH c yKa3aimeM 
CTpaHHip,i. 

XXXin — XXXVI TOiia nojmoro coGpamui coHBBeaira TeTe, n3AauHi>ie 
KjopnzaepoM b BepjuiHe b UlTyTrapTe (b KHnron3,naTeju,CTBe fflneiiaHa), 
aaieiOT cboio oco6yio HyMepaipno: "Goethes Werke. Naturwissenschaftliche 
Schriften: Band I, Band II, Band HI, Band IV — erste und zweite Abteilung; ohh 
coKpaiaerai mhob b "GNS" c yKa3aHneii TOiia, Hanpnuiep: GNS. IV Band, Z. A., 
— «rro — 3Ha«mT: Goethes Naturw. Schriften, IV Band, zweite Abteilung. 

OrHOCHTejiBHO flpyrax coHmieHHii «-pa IUreHHepa mhoio npamrrbi co- 
xpaiqeBHH: 
"Grundlinien einer Erkenntoistheorie der Goetheachen 

Weltanschauung" "GEGW" 

"Philosophic der Freiheit" "PhF' 

"Goethes Weltanschauung" "GW" 

"Ratsel der Philosophie" "RPh" 

IIocjieAHee coHBHeHBe b npeflkiflymesi nanamrn iiocht mioe 3arjiaBHe: 
"Welt und Lebensanschauungen im 19. Jahrhundert". B nocjieAHeii H3/jaima 
KHHra nepepa6oraHa h pacurapeHa aBTopoM. 

"Haeckel und seine Gegner" "HuG" 

"Der menschliche und der kosmische Gedanke" 

(XXXm Kypc) "MuKG" 

3tot Kypc, HHTaHHfciH B HanaJie 1914 rofla h OTnenaTaHHtiH fljia hjichob 
AirrpoiioccHpHHecKoro 06mecTBa, iniTHpyio a c pa3peinennfl fl-pa IHreHiiepa. 

"<Dbjiococ|>hji h Teocodwiii" "OhT" 

lips CBoea pa6oTe a nojn.30Ba.ncfl pyccKHM nepeBO/joM 3toh 6poiniopbi 
b rpaaxax. 

"OiepK TafiHOBefleHBH" "OT" 

"HcTHHa h Hayxa" "HhH" 

"Ha JleTomiCH Miipa" "JIM" 

"IlyTi, IIocBHsqeHHH" "IIII" 

"IlyTi. k caMono3Ha«HK) Hejioaeica" "ITCH" 

"Teocodmji" , "T" 

10 



B 3axjnoieHHe ioie ocTaeTCH otmcthti,: mttx b pacnopHacemm orpoMiioe 
pa3BOo6pa3ne imctobi 6ohci> npespaTHTb npeAJiaraeiiyK) bhhm anmo mrra- 
Tejiefi KiiHry b yKa3aTejn> k aonpocaif, 3aTpoHyrMM fl-posi nTreniiepoM, 
— h inrnipyio oneHb iiajio: inrtaTa laCTO mhoh 3aMenHeTCH ccbuneami; b pane 
ccbijiok, a He b cauoii TeKCTe, cHJia uohx aprysienTOB; HacTO TeiecT hoh jimin. 
6jieflHoe yKB3aHHe Ha KomcpeTHyio coflepwaTejitnocTi. tckctob fl-pa HlTeihiepa; 
rue yTBepwflaio a, Hanpmiep, <rro H^ea y$l-pa nireikuepa couepineimo KOHKpeT- 
aa, h yTBepatfleuHe noAKpeiuiHio ccbuncaMH na pnfl tmcctob, — TaM, b TeKCTax, 
fleTajn.no pncyeT Hail fl-p nTrefiHep, KaK niieimo KomtpeTiia H^eH n t. a-; tckct 
mob, BHe ccmjiok B3J9TI.IH, MO«eT B&irJLHAen. nopoH yTBepameHHeM; npiiBefleH- 
mm k ccbijoce — apiyiieman^u oh; 3th CJiOBa moh oa»6eHH0 othochmi»i 
x "Ilpa jioaceHHw" (rjiaaa 6-a), h Tail, b "IIpii ji oac eHH h", coBeTyio 
ji HHTaTeJuo bo BHHMaHHe npHHHTt: tto yTBepagjaeTCH mhow co ccuJiKam 

H BH6 CCMJIOK. 



tjiaba rtEPBAH 

BBEflEHUE 

§ 1. HCCKOflbKO nOfKHMTenbHMX CilOB 

JlanHflapHan jiencocxb — aoctohhctbo khhth; sera, ee annapaT 
AOJiacen 6tm.... cnpjnrau b ctoji; annapaT tojh.ko cra/nia nm; b ctbahh 3toh 
KHHra fleHCTByeT AOKa3aTeju»CTBOii; h npoiiAfl 3Ty CTaflHio, ubiuntt npaBAOio 

XHHia. 

Buoinaji CTpoKOio, kbk mojiotom, KHHra <X>pH£pnxa Hmnne "II pone- 
xoatflCHHe T p a r e fl h h" ctbohio annapaTa nponuia — b cimCKe npocpec- 
copcxMX KypcoB, npo«arraHHbix b Baaejie 1 ; o-rroro-TO OHa h nepesepHyjia 
Hayxy; yrjiyfijiM CTpoKy ee, 6e3 ocTaraa yxofljrr: b JiarrepaTypy, ncTopnio, 
apxeojiormo, amirpacpHKy; h ee 3auntTHHKH librae — Taxite yneubie, Kaic 
<X>aanefi <Z>paHu.eBHH 3cjibhckhb. 

J\-p IDTeHHep hih flaji noflooHyio Kaary.^ 

KHHra ero, "M vposoaipeaae Ten e", CTafliuo annapaTa npoiujia; 
o-rroro-TO h KHHra: /u.udht npo3paHHOw npasaoio; jianHAapnaa jiencocTi. xapa- 
KTepn3yeT ee. AsTop nepsoro TOj«a "P a 3 m ti in ji e n h h o r e t e" chcji 
BbiBOABi ee jierKOMbicjieiiin.iMH; h nocBHTHJi pas6opy ee — tojictmh cboh 
tomhk; MHOrojieTHHe cacaTbie <ppa3aMH nyubi npHHHji oh 3a ajuieropHH 
a prop o a; Tax pyuhi Hninne KpimiKa Hunine ieor,na-To cohjui: 3a Aocyacne 
B3ifbnnJieHBH Hmnne: ajuieropHH a p r o p o s. TaK 6tuio; Tax — ecTb; a Tax 
— 6yfleT: 

Tax BHorna TOJinti jieBHBbiH yic 

Ha ycbuuieHHji BbniOAiiT 
JTjiac, nomjibiH rjiac, BemaTeju. o6nnoc nyu, 

H 3ByiHbIH OT3MB B BCH uaxOAHT. 

E. A. BapaTMHCKHH* 

CoBpeHeHHHKB Hmnne b oneniee nHcaTejw Hmnne onpasAaHne Hiiejut: 
annapaT Himine cnpjraaji; He noKa3aji ero nyGjiHKe: noKasajia ero 6Horpa<pHa. 

y aBTopa nepBoro TOiia o Teie b ero KpHTHKe icnpoB033peHHfl fl-pa 
UlTeHHepa noflo6Horo onpaBAamtfl Her; k HSflaBaeiibiii hm ecTecTBeHHO-Hayn- 
HbiM TpyflaM TeTe npHJioiKHJi fl-p niTefinep orpoMHeainHH, yneHenman an- 
napaT: jianHAapnoe pe3H»ie ero mmcjih MiioroseTBHCTO pacTeT b cra- 

TbUX-npeflHCJIOBHHX K TtTt H SainieTaeT MHOrHMH COTHMMH HBCTHOCTeH, 

xapaKTepHCTHK, aeTajien, HCTopHiecKaoc, MeTOAOJionmecKHX h npHpo#OB03- 

12 



apBTejmibix ccbuiOK b KOMifeHTapMHx k TeTeBy TCKCTy. B pa36apaeMOH 3mbjib- 
bm MeTHepoM ero KHHre o TeTe a«ho apeBO ubicjra — b pacyHxe; b cneiniaju.- 
iux craTuoc noKp&maeTCJi oho aejiBHMo; h, noxpbrroe 3ejieHi>io, oacasaeT 
■ 3ii6jieTCH b npHMenaHHHx x Tetesy TeKCTy; noA AopBHecxoa npocTOTOio 
"M apoBoaapeHae r e t e"* Tairr Mnorooopaaae HroaHcos: Kimry hbao 
urryflapoBaTi.; nepejntcraTb ee — mno. 

Asrop KHary HaauBaer a6cTpaxn£o0i; a pacyeT ee b en HCCBOHCTBeHHbix 
KOHTypax; moscbo, xoaeiao, KOJioHHy ^3o6pa3HTi. Ha 6yiiare, kbk najiKy. 
H siiecxo cojraua MepHajiaiia npOBecra... rjiynttn Kpyi; BocnpaaTae xo- 
jiohhu, xax najncii, b cojihub, xax xpyra, — bot noAoGae BoenpaxTBfl 

BOBCTBHy flOpBHCCKOH MblCJTB "AlOBICIieCKlll" aBTOpOM*, rfjfojIHBa- 

Ktiinni naa Heio rpeiunnaa, cjioBecHMB noTon; bo noVon paaGaBaeTca: 
b ima hbm BOCcraiOT HCKaateHHtie mi B033peiinn — CTpoeM MpaMopiioS 

KOJIOUHBAbl. 

KapaxaTypa Ha iimcjii. npoABinoBaaa He ueBeflemieM, a ocjienJieHaeif 
boob, nepexoAHineB noAiac — B3 kpbtbkb b Tpasjno. IIoTOMy-TO Ha OTnoaeAt 
3tob aBTopcROH bojib — x nawpjieTy — h CMorpio, xax Ha aojit. 



§ 2. "PasMbiuifieHMfi o reTe" 

CaHeBaTO-cepaa KHBia... Bepy ee: b nen — nxTbeoT ABaAaan. nan 
crpaHBii; Ha oGjioacxe rep6 Teie; hoa rep6oM — "M y c a r e t"; hba — "P a 3 - 
MMinjieHHH o reie"; pa3MbinuieHiu 6y«yT aiien npoAOJiaceHiie; 3to 
— nepsax KHara. Ee aarnaBae: "Pa 36 op bstjixaob P. IHieiiHepa 
B CBX3H c Bonpocaua xpmiMHiu a , chm bo jib 3M a B OKKyjIt- 
11111 a". Abtop — 3iibjuib Metnep. 

Bo BBeACHBB BMCOKOTajiaHTJIBBMB aBTOp H3BeuiaeT HHTaTeJIH o CBOeM 

HaiiepeHBB paaGapan. bsijixam A-pa DXreaHepa, xax ohb oTpa3HJinci, b ero 
KHBre o reTe b b ero 6poiraope o TeTe s . |D[oxTop DZtreBHep, asTop cepaa KHBr, 
xpoMe BarjiXAOB Ha Teie pa3BBBaei eme b cboh Hayniio-fpHJiococpCKHe BarjiflAu; 
Tax tto sarjiHAbi ero He btohhiotch b KHary o TeTe. 

CTajio 6brri>: 1-fi toh pa3MJbimjieHBB o TeTe AOJiweH 6m HOCHTb BHoe 
aarjtaBBe: "Pa3 6op B3rJiaflOB P. DlTeBHepa 11 a TeTe"... noToay 
«rro CBxab stbx B3rjiHAOB c Bonpocaua \pBiHUH3iia, cuiiBOJiHSiia" 
a oco6eHHO "oKxy jitTB 3M a" b ero KHHre o reTe* b b ero 6poimope 
o reTe** — reTeporeima. Mm yssABM BnocjieACTBBB: bctohbbkom 
orpoitueauiBX npoaaxoB «bjihctch 3tot cjryHaBHMJi bjib HaiiepeHHMH 
nponycK AByx cjiob — "h a" b *T e t e". KHary OTxptraaeT anarpadi H3 "Ecce 
homo" 6 : 

"Im Grunde hatte ich eine Maxime Stendhals praktiziert: er rat an, seinen 
Eintritt in die Geaellschaft mit einem Duell zu machen" 7 . 



* Goethcs Weltanschauung. 
** Goethe als Vater einer neuen Aesthetik. 



13 



Cboh npHBaTHtiH nociynoK, BCTynJiemie b o6in.ecxBO, Bi.icoKOTajianTJiHBi.iii 
aBTop A«iaeT o6inecTBeHHbrM AOCTOHHHeji: flOKTopy HLreHHepy oh 6pocaeT 
nepnaray, npHrJiamaa npn stom npncyTCTBOBaTb o6in,ecTB0. 

KaK ace oa othochtch k cBoeiiy npoTHBHHKy no nyajta? 

IIpeAOCTaBHM cjiobo eiiy. 

§ 3. Cnoso asTopa "PasMUuineHMM o TeTe" 

JJ,-p HlTeHHep Aejrreju. — Kpynabm, MiiorocTopoHHHH, neyTOMH- 

lffcrii, HaxoAHHBbiH, npaXTHHecKHH, c KyjrbTypHO-o6m,ecTBeHHbiM Becoii. ^-p 

£QTeBuep ecu. Boac/n> OAHoro H3 Baacuenumx Ayxosntix abbscbhiih CTaporo 

h Hoaoro csera, AOcraTOHHo Bbrpocinero h oxpenmero, «no6bi He 6ohtbch y#apoB. 

JJ-p HfreHHep — 6e3ycjiosHO HCKpeHHHH, BbiAaioiiniHCJi BAOXHOBHTejii. 

H BOWA>>: aBTOpHTeTHblH, 3Ha<iHTejIbHi>IH, C Aymy BpaiyiOmeH HHAHBHAyaJIbHO- 

ctmo, AHJieTain BbicoRoro cthjih h KpynHbiH nacaTeju., CHHCKaBimiH ce6e opeoji. 

Mboto JieT H3ynaji A-p HlTeHHep HacjieAHe "bbibboio n p h p o a o - 
BoaapaTejia" TeTe*, peAaKTHposaji "n p h p o a o b o 3 3 p b t e ji h" TeTe, 
CTapaTejiBHO bxoahji bo see tohkocth OTHOinemm "npipoAOBoaapne- 
a ml" Tete k (pHJioco<py Kamy h "k p h t h k h", 6i>iBioiie b pyieax Texe, 
c"noxBajibHon peiB ocitio" o6cjieAOBaji on. 

roaopar: MecTO «-pa IDTeHaepa — b nepBOM paAy 3aaTOK0B reTeaHCTsa. 

H xpoxe toto: 

HoKTOp HlTeHHep "n p e e m c t b e h h o" Bocnpiraaji ochobm cBepxnejioBe- 
necKOH MyApocTH, no3TOiiy oa cjibiaeT "c e p a h. e b e a o m" h OKKyjibTHbin 
ynrrejieit; oh, hoaoSho Hairjne, — jiOBen.: jioBeu. Aym. 

J^OKiop HlTeHHep HOAoSeH anocTOJiy IlaBjiy. 

Ottoto-to Bi.icoKOTaJiaHTJiHBi.iH aBTop TaK peianTejD>HO 6i,eT — no A-py 
HlTeHHepy. 

JJ-p HlTeHHep OKasbisaeTCa: — 

§ 4. npoAonxeHMe "CnoBa" 

— ...MepTBeHHO-cxojiacTH<mi.iM, njiaxcHBbm, 6e3AapHboi 
nHcaTejieu — H3apaTHTejieM KauTa, KonepHHKa, Terejui, IIjiaTOHa h Tere, He 
CToauniii cnopoB; cepAueBeA, BocnpHHHBmHH ochobm caepxHejioBeHecKOH iiyA- 
poc-TH, ecn. Tenepb o6jiaAaTejn.: HenpHTH3aTejn>HOio, iiajioycTonraHBoro Hirreji- 
JieKTa, oprauHHecKH Hecnoco6Horo npeACTaaHTb npo6jieMy, a sejoiKHH, iioao- 
6hmh anocTOJiy EEasjiy , HBJiaeTCH c Beso6eatAeaaoi npipofloio; ot- 
Toro-TO oh: BnaAaeT b aGcypAu, b ncnxojiorHHecKne HyAOBHioHOCTH; OTToro-TO 
oh ABJiee: rpaimiin c GeccMbicjumefi. 

IIoTOity-TO "t b o p e h h a" A-pa HlTenHepa, to ecxb qejiaa cepna aBTopoM 
Hepa3o6paHHbix cohhiichkh, orroro-TO TBopeHHH sth — nocjie AyaJiH c TBJiaHT- 
jiHBbiM aBTopoif — *- h cioHT nepeA Hanoi: 6ecnoMOiinu>iM, 6ecco3HaTejibHbiM, 
6e3yxauHbiM, KaseHHoro inteTa iihthom. > 

14 



IIoTOMy-TO MBHHteiiHe — oaho H3 BaatneniuHx /jyxoBHbix ABHaceHim cxapo- 
ro h HOBOro cbctb, He 6ojnn.eecfl yflapoB, — nocjie nyaiat c BticoKoysawaeMbiM, 
BticoKOTajiaHTJiHBtiM aBxopoii, ' npocBeiH.eHHi.iM CTopoHHHKOM KaiiTa, Konep- 
HHKa, rerejia, ILiiaxoHa h TeTe, Kyjn.iypTperepoai h 3aioHXHHKOM KyjibxypHoro 
CHSiB0JiK3Ma — noTOMy-TO /HtHacemie axo lenepi coctoht: h3 6 e 3 ji h h - 
bux, yciajitix, OTiaiBnixci, caMonpoTDsopeiiiBiix, 
ncHxo-cpHaHOJiorHiecKH cji a. 6:>i x , Bonaqgx c y m e c t b , y n a - 
floiHHX h co en jiio me h h o h nepcneKTHBOH. 

rep6oM Texe BMCOKOTajiaHTJiHBBifi aBTop yrtapaeT no hum: oh /ioHjik)- 
m h ji hx nepcneKTHBy. 



§ 5. ripoTMBopeMMe 

BbiHCHHJiocb OTHOineime asTopa k npoxHBHHKy no flyajia: oho 
— npoTHBopenHT ce6e. 

HaaiepeHne pa3o6paTi> B3rjiHfli»i «-pa IQxeHHepa, kuk ohh oxpa3HJiHCi> b ero 
KHHie o TeTe h b ero 6poimope o Texe, — bbiihjio H3 rpaim, — 

— n o x o m y 

hto b 3 r ji h fl ti fl-pa DIxenHepa He btohhiotch 

b pacciiOTpeHHe ero kiihiu o rexe h ero 6poinio- 

pw o reie... 

AsTop Btmyac^eH hx CBH3axb c Bonpocann "xpniumiia, chmbo- 

JIH3Ma H OK K y JIBTH 3M a", TO eCTB CO BCefl f.epHefi COHHIieHHB. Ho OH 

paa6Hpaex: He cepHio coiHHemiH, a oxpaacemie axon cepHH boahoh k h h r e 
r e t e h b oflnoH 6 p o in 10 p e o r e t e. Kax ace iioacex oh 3Haxi> 
oxpaaceHHbie ssrjiHflbi, He 3hbh HexoHHHKa oxpaaceHHH? 

Mm yBHflHM BnocjieflCXBHH: orpoMHenuniM npoaiaxoai HBJiHexca axox cjiyMan- 
Hbrfi hjih HaMepeHHbra Btixofl n3 6eperoB, iie/jonycTHMtiH rpaiiHi^aim 
khhth: — 

npHCOeflHHeHHaH CBH3I> "lpHIll|II3Ma, CHMBOJIH3Ma H O K - 

KyjiMH3na" b py6pHKe, xpaKxyioin,eH weary o Texe h 6poiniopy o 
Texe — 

— "xo ecxt — 

npHCxaBKa ipex cjiob c nponycKosi leisepioro h nH- 

1 r o c ji o b a : " h a r e x e " — r 

npeBpamaeT n bccl nepsbin xom 



'PaaiiHinJieHHa" b lonpoc. 

§ 6. YcnoBHn noe^HHKa 

CpaaiaWTca: — 



1. C BOOpyXCeilHblM npOTHBIIHKOM, 

2. paBHbiM opyatHeu, 

3. b oxiieaceBaHHbix tohho npe/iejiax. 

15 



3TO 3H8HHT: 

— Ha 6e3opyacHoro ne Hana^aiOT spacnjiox h c o6yxon lie 
H«yT npoiHB mnam. 

CpaacaiOTCJi npOTHB crpyKTypfci B033peHHB npoTHBHHxa npHBe/jeHHeM Bcea 
CTpymrypi.1 B033peHHH, fla6&i HHTaTejib, nxea CTpykTypy, mot nposepHTb 
pa36op. 

CnpHTaTi cbob y6eacACHHB b o6ojio<nce H3 sxyca b Kpemcyio Gpomo 
MHOroo6pa3Hbix iprraT h 6ojii.iniu<H MxpoBbDm yiiaifH pa3&HBaTi. ^ainiyio 6ea 
KOHTexcra inrraTy nporBBHBXa 6mjio 6w AeBCTBueii o6yxa no opyauno tohko- 
jiy: BbmoineHHOB HH/niKHAyajn»HOH mnee. Tax acbctbobbji Hsuine: oh bojikho 
CTpejuui a<popB3MOM; 6biji — franc-tireur', napTB3aubi He flyajiapyioT. 

CoxpaHHTI. TeppBTOpBH). 

3to 3HaHHr: orpaHHHHTbCH npeAeJiaMH Teiuu: pa36apafl KHHry o TeTe 
b 6ponnopy o Tetc a nepsoM Tone o TeTe — TeTe h orpamiHHTi. pa36op. 

§ 7. Hapyui«HM« npaaiui 

IIpaBHJia flyajitHoro noe/ramta HapyrneHti asTopoM. 

IIpoTBBHBK o6e3opyxeH. 

GrpyKrypa (pHJiococpCKH-HayHiitix B033peuBH fl-pa EUxeHHepa 
B ee OTHOineHBH k KHBxe o TeTC h k 6poimope o TeTe aBTopoM ocTasjieHa 
6e3 BHHifaHHH; He npHBeaeHM b caMbie Bosspemifl sth: npHBeAeiibi HaciHOCTH 
6e3 KOHTeKCTa; h - — paccTpejiHHbi HyatHbiM nofl6opoM innaT; He npHHHTbi 
bo BHBMaHHe aajiee: MHorooopaaHiie a63an>i craTea a-pa nTreaHepa h nofl- 

po6HCBIIIBB KOMMeHTapHH TeTeBCKBX TeKCTOB B KKipmHepOBCKOM H3flaHHH*, 

r«e, nanpHuep, OT/jejibi, Rax Sprue he in Pros a 10 , pasoGpaHbi cjiobo 

3a CJIOBOM H CTpOHKa 3a CTpOHKOH; He npHHHTO BO BHBMaHHe COHHHeHHe 

fl-pa niTCHHepa "Grundlinien einer Erkenntniatheorie der Goetheschen 
Weltanschauung" 11 — co«ameHHe, xaaanocb 6m, OTBeHaroiqee ochobhmm npo- 
6jieMaif, 3aTpoHyTbDf aBTopoH. 

He cymecTByeT fljw asTopa pa36opa, tyumoio fl-poji IHreaHepoM, TeTeBOH 
TuoceojiorHH, MeTOAOJioraa b cbctcmu uayx; He cyiqecTByeT ajih aBiopa: 
rHoceoJiorHH, (pHJiococpHB, MeTOAOJiorHB b CHCTeMti aayx — A-pa HlTeHHepa. 
He cymecTByeT secbMa cyuiecTBeHHoro KOMMeHTapHH k TeKCTaM; b hcm paccbi- 
naubi AparoueHUbie, opaniHaJibHbie Mbiwm, He pa3BHTbie HHrae; cyMiia acex 
KOMMeHTapneB cocTaBHJia 6m OTAejn»Hyio KHHry, rfle b 6jiein.yio.ea jiaKOHanec- 
kob (jpopiie BCTasajia 6m TJiyGoxaa b inapoxaH Rap-raHa "B033penHa"; b stom 
CMUcjie 6e30THOCHreJEbHO k TeTe KOMMeirrapHH ecTt caMoneimocTb; B3 "b o 3 - 
3 p e h h h" A-pa ULidkuepa. He BMXjnoMaeM HHKaK oh; HaBROHRpe-rHeaine OTBe- 
naeT 3Aecb «-p DlTeHHep Ha Bonpocbi MeTO«ojiorHH, 3HaHH« h TeopHH noaiia- 
hhh, auajiH3HpyeT laCTHOCTH MHoroo6pa3Hbix TeopHH. Abtop He Mor nponyc- 
THTt ero. Bot npn6jui3HTejibHoe coflepacairae Hiibix KoiiueHrapHeB TpeTbero 
b HeTBepToro Toiia Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften. 



*Goethes Werlte. Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften. B. I, II, ID, IV, — Abteilung 
1 und 2 (ot 33 «o 36 Toua o6mero uanauMii tkrt). 

16 



JJ-p nTreaHep KOBRpeTuo KaeaeiCH: — 

— OTHOineHHH (pHJiocotpHH k Hayxe, 
aayxB, paccyoxa b paayva, KOHKpeTnocTH npaBflti, cpeHOiieHa, jjcjioctb, npn- 
HHHti ii ^CRCtBiu, npe^ejia no3aamia, o6%flCHeHHJi, ontrra, 3aKOHa npapoAti, 
Bceo6mero, ha«b, bach y Terr, IIjiaTOHa, ApacTOTejiB, Kamra, KonepHHxa, 
rep6apTa b opyrax; KacaeTCH OTHomeaHA uewAy aeHCTBHTejitHOCTbio a npaa- 
floio, flaeT pafl xapaKTepHbix onpe£e.it|g^n fljix axJiexlHaiia, CxojiacTBKB h npo- 
1HX MBOrOo6pa3RbIX TCHCHBH BCTOpBR TpBJIOCOCpHB. C necpaBHeHHO 6ojibineK) 
XpKOCTfcK) H KOHKpeTHOK) BOJIBOTOH), HeXCejIH B "M HpOB033peHHB TeTe", 

xacaetcji fl-p EEhreBHep sonpocoB ecTeciBOSHaHBH * ■ (pajiococpaa; n hx ace 
xacaeTCx asTop b csoeit TOMe o TeTe; o KOMMeirrapmt jj-pa EHieHHepa oh 
ynopHO mojictt". ^-p DlTeHHep xacaeTCx flajiee b KOMMeHTapaa k Ill-jiy, 
IV-My Tony sonpocoB — 

— MeTOflHKH; xapaKTepaayeT 3«eci,: rpaipHHecKaa sieTOfl, 
■HAyKinno, asajiorBio, MaTeiiaTHHecKira iteTOA, TejieojioraiecxHii h Mexairaiec- 
xaa iieTOfl, iieioABHecxii pacxpbntaeT bohhthji: KanecTBeHHocTH, iiaTepaH, 
KOJieGaBHX, dcpapa a cseTa, b hx OTHOmesHH k xpacxe, pacKptrsaeT nonm-He 
3jieMeHTa, n — aajiee: B cseTe uexpaaKu oh pa3i>xcHser Han: HMOTOHaancTBo, 
h xapaxTepiiayeT b omnxe Hasi npeflTe«i Hbio-cpHa a TeTe. 

B 3tom-to MeTOABHecxoif ocBeiqeHHH nepe# Haiix npoxo/iHT rpa/iai(HH 

HCTOpHHeCEMX TCOpHH O CBeTe; H B MCTOflHHeCKOM OCBeUUSHHH npOXOffHT: OT- 

HomeHHe TeTe x HwoTOHy, ero B03pa»eaiix HtioTOHy, npoxoAx-r: TeopHH 
TeTesa csera, Teopaa reTesoa xpacxH, xapaxTepHCTHKa FexeBOH xpacxB noji- 
na, noxasaHa ee uejiocTHOcn.. 

B CBH3B C reTCBOH B HfclOTOHOBOB KpaCKOH fl-p IHieHHep BXOflHT B ACTaJtb- 

Heainyio xapaKTepacTHicy xpacaca, MHoroo6pa3BH xpacox, KaK-To: 3HT0nTHHec- 
xoa, (pHsaojioraiecKOB, npocTO-<pH3Biecxon b xBMHHecKOB xpacox; 6jieCK, 
apyABHBX, tohkoctb b mapoTa Kpyroaopa OTMenaeT xapaKTepHCTmcy 3nea>; 
o hch aBTop — Mojpurr; b cbh3» c xpacxoio B Tomaimie Bonpocti Hayxa 3a 
co6oh BegeT fl-p IHreaHep, xapaKTepasya: oTHOinenae xpacKB k Tenjiy, (poccpo- 
pecueHUHio h (pJiyopecqeHUHio, nojixpHaauaio, petppaxuHio a ABOHHyro ah- 
(ppaKUino, xacaeicx axpoiiaTH3ita, Aajn>TOHH3Ma b cy6teKTBBHoro 3peHn«. 
Abtodom BCe 3TO OT HHTaTejien cnpjnaHo. 



§ 8. nepnu 

O noApoSHeameM Koiuieirrapan k TeTe ysaBcaeiibiB aBTop moji- 
hbt; o CTaTtax, npBJioxeHHux x CNS rjiacaT oh iiesnaTHo b 112 npHMenaHBa 
x TexcTy — Ha 3aABOpxax TOJicToro Toaaixa*, npHMenaime as-ropa BbiAaer; 
■ no3AHee Kociiycb ero. Bee ynouxHyToe a ecTt co6ctbchho "M npoB033pe- 
Hae Tere."; Kiiara A-pa UlTeaHepa, nopOABBiuaa Beet tojictbib tombk, 
— JiBTepaTypHoe peaioiie xponoTJiBBoa HayiHOB pa6oTti: apryueHTai^Hfl ace 

* Por. 498. 

17 



— npn TeTeBOM TeKCTe; apryifeHTauHfl pa3a b Tpa npeBBiinaeT 06-beMOM 
jm-repaTypHoe pesKtiie; h o ne& yMOjmaime ecu. rpex npe# HHTaTejieM. 

Eme 6oJiee aa»HO ocbohtbch c KHHroio «-pa EQxeiiHepa "Grundlinien 
einer Erkenntnis th eorie dei Goetheschen Weltanschau- 
ung". B Hen CKa3aBHoe in concretOB CTaTtjix-npeflHCJioBHHX h b KOiraeH- 
TapBHX k TeKCTy caefleHO k TeopeTmecxoMy eflmiCTBy h — npeflinecTByer no 
BpeMeim "MHpoB033peHHH> reTe"; "MapoB033peHie reie" jihuii, npo- 
aamteaae o3HaieHHOH khhth h no apeii eHH h no 3aTpoHy-ri,iM Tejjaai; yKaaamie 
Ha HcnepnaHHOcrn. khhth Ha puzoce asTopa He cnacaer: nuinyiH cboio KHnry 
b MocKBe, OHmioi boiiiokhocti b c e r « a 03HaKOMHTbCJi c ee coflepata- 

HHeM. 

Ho o nefi oh mojihht. 

Ottoto-to bot: Bee yTBepameimH aBTopa — pe^iaHinHH b hctophh kphthkh 
flOKyjieHT, KOJUieKinxfi rpyerittix Kypbesos. 

IIpHBefly jDmn> npHiiepu aaea,; paaoepy ace hx Husce. 

H,-p DlTeHHep — aBTop npo/ryiiaHHOH rHOceojiorira, o KOTopon oh imine-r: 
"Ha in a icopii iBasn tpniiEa BOHCTHHy"*. AsTop ace pa3- 
6opa B033peHHii Bonpomaer hbhbho: "Moatex 6uTb, niienHep He 
npn3aaeT THOceo jiothh"**. 

Bcwfly 3HaneHHe IIjiaTOHa OTMeieHO fl-pojj IHreHHepoM; IIjiaTOH - — n e p - 
b w h Bupa3iiem o6ieKiHBBOPo HAeajinaiia; o6&ckihb- 
huh H«eajiH3n — nosmniH fl-pa IIlTeHHepa b ero anajiHae IeTe; ILiaTOH 

— npeflinecTBeHHHK 3toh no3fm.HH — BOSflBHraex Bejimcoe CTpoeirae mbicjih; 
TeTe 6jth30K k ILiaTOHy: yBaacemie ero k IIjiaTOHy hohhtho. J^-p HlTeHHep 
pennrreJU.HO OTaeJueT IIjiaTOna ot Bcex noaoHeHHiHX hctojikob3hhh IhiaTOHO- 
boh (SHJioco<pHH; h OTMeiaer: caoe Hecorjiacne b hhmx nyHKTax c IIjiaTOHOM. 

YBawaem,™ aBTop o6bhhhct fl-pa IIlTeHHepa b yaiajieHHH IIjiaTOHa h scefi 
ero jihiihh: o6BHHenHe 3to — ouhb. H3 Teii khhth. 

H,-p HlTeHHep OTiieiaeT Konepmnea: KonepHHK ecu. spa; KonepHmcancTBo 

eCTB MOIieHT B flyXOBHOM pa3BIITHH HejIOBeieCTBa. 

no aBTopy: n-p HlTeHHep KonepimKa HCHaBijiai, 
H,-p HlTeHHep OTiienaeT JHa?eB«e Kania: KaHT — bcjihkhh 
tpHJiococp, onpoBeprHyBUTHH oprMaTH3M; KaHT — co3#aTe.ra> TeopHH no3HaBaHHH 
h npHHUHHOB o6meii sctcthkh; tpHjiococpHH cosepunuia b mm — inar Bnepe/i; oh 

TBOpeO. "KpHTHI|H3Ma", B03BOAHnTHH 3HaHIIMOCTfc HejIOBeieCKOH MBICJIH B Ha- 

yHHoe yGeagMsme; TeTe — He mi,icjihm 6e3 Kama, HlejiJiHHra, Terejui a t. n. 

A no aBTopy: fl-p HlTeHHep e c t b "KaHTOcpo 6", BeBaaiAi- 
niHH Kama. 

Ecjxh 6bi yBaacaeitbTH aBTop npooeataji pap, nponymeHHtix a63aneB y as- 
Topa KpHTHKyejitix mi B033penHB, HHKorAa 6bi oh He pemajiCH Ha CBoe 
yTBepatAeHHe — iiaTeMaTHKa-ae y fl-pa HtreHHepa SMimpnHHa, noToiiy «rro: 
cyTi. naieMaiBKH no fl-py IHreiiHepy HfleajitHa. H,-p HlTeHHep npo- 



•GEGW. 53. 
•• Por. 434. 



18 



BOflHT noBCiOAy Hfleio MeTOABHa: b csoen CHCieMe HayK h b OTflejiBHBix 
aaynax — 

b MaTeiiaTHKe, 

b MexauHKe, 

B o6mefi d)H3HKe, 

b onTince, 

b MBHepajiorHH h KpHCTajijMU$»a(pHH, 

B 6HOJIOTHH, 4" 

B (pH3HOJIOIBH, B TeOpHH 3HaHHfl, 
B nCHXOJIOrBH — 

— h TaK flajiee: yaaxaeiiua asTop ace 
fl-pa IHieBHepa ynpexaei b Heoiiet jihbom nposeAeHHH 

MblCJIH. 

fl-p DTreHHep OTieuiiBO npoBonai paajiHHBe m e at a y 
KpacKaMH HiMioaa h TeTe. YBaacaeMtia asTop A-pa HlTeHHepa 
ynpeKaeT b ciiemeHii spacoK — HtioToua h Tere. 

BeflaeT xopomo «-p BlTenHep, «rro cbct ne bhahm ajih masa; stv 
HCTHHy oh H nofliBepsflaei He p a 3; rpaiioiHocit A-pa 
HIieHHepa 3anofl03peHa aBiopoii. 

HajioxeHHe xeopHH caeTa b cBoefi Kimre o TeTe A-p ntreHHep conpoBoac- 
Aaei KOHxpeTHtm aHajmsoit b3i\jihaob y coBpesieHHBix HaH <pH3HKOB, xapaK- 
TeprayeT Kpacxy, xapaKTepH3yeT Kpacrai: HtioToaa, TeTe h hx npe«- 
mecTBeHHHKOB; TOHHaainaH rpaflainta KpacoK npoxoflHT npe« HaiiH 
b MHoroo6paaHH xapaKTepaCTHK; npoxoflHT 3fleci, Kpacxa: y ApacTOTejiH, 
Jlyxpeinui, IIopTW, Akbhjiohhh, Mapan, A(panacnH Kapxepa, Hiora, TpHiia- 
JttflH h np. J^anee oh pa36npaeT b3tjihabi Ha onraicy: MymeH6pyKa, Maju.6- 
paHma, MapnoTra, Teopra KpHCTO<pa JlnxTeHBepra, Pynre, Hleptpepa, 
<X>paHKjnraa, Bw<p<poHa, Tepniejia, MeHrca, MapaTa, TiOHreHca, -Ejrapa, 
Sfijiepa, BeKKepejia, Aparo h np.; npocTpaHno oh Tojocyer KpacKe, KaK 

coeAHHeHHH, oiemeHBH, anajni3e, cHHTe3e; KacaeTcn: AHonipHHecKOH, 
npHSMBTHnecKOH, napoHTHHecKon KpacoK. Ho no noBOAy "icpacKH" y A-pa 
HlTeHHepa c paaBH3Hocn.io yciiexaeTCH yBaacaem-m asTop, a no aApecy He 
ycBoeHHOH, He npOHHTaHHofi 3toh — TOHHaHineii! — rpaAamm OTnycKaeT 

CKB03B 3y6bl CBOH KOCOH KpHBOTOJIK 3a TeKCTOM KHHrH: B CTO ABeHaAnaTOM 

npHMeiaHHH k TexcTy. 

HoBOJiiHO npnaiepoB: oaho nepewncjieHHe hx npHiuuio 6w pa3Mepti 6po- 
imopti. 

yBaacaeiu.ni as-rop pas6opa nepexoAHT rpaHHin.1, paipeineHHwe KpHTHKe: 
Ha yMOjnaHHH pastHCHenHH errpoHT oh kocoh bbiboa cboh; HaA kocbim cbohm 
bmboaom na«nraaeT b cropoHy HHTaTejiH ycaaexaTBCH; h — npeAB3HTocTt 
B033peHHH Ha A-pa IIlTeHHepa HacHJtbCTBeuHO BiraxHBaeT oh b HHTaTejia 
— ueHOH yMOjinaHHfl h xpiaux cbohx tojikob. 

IIpHHflB bo BHHiiaHHe crpeMJieiiHe asTopa pacnpocTpaHHTbcn ad in- 
finitum 15 no noBOAy jhoGoh djioxo hohhtoh (ppaati h HaA Hefi KOHCTpyapo- 
aaiii cboh co6cTaeHHi.iH B3rJWA, — yMOjnaHHe o rpoaiaAHeHineii MaTepnajie 

19 



B033pean& a-pa DlTeftHepa — Heo6iBCHHiio, Hen3BHHHTeju.HO. IIo aapecy 
CTaTen-npeABCJiOBHH h xoinieHTapini Hac BCTpeiaeT: — 

— rpo6oBoe moji- 
laHie. 

Do oApecy "Grundlinien einer Erkenntnistheorie der Goetheachen 
Weltanschauung" BCTpeiae-r: — 

— rpo6oBoe uojihshhc. 
IIo a«pecy >e "M ipoBoaiptHii r e t e", to ecu. Kaara, He hmc- 
jniiioji 6e3 ynoujray-rbix HayHHbix TpyROB, Hac BCTpeiaeT — 

— rpoiiOBoe 
b 3 m b a h a e. 

— Tpo6oBoe uojiiaHie h rpovoioe 
■ 3HBIEIC 3Aeci> BCTpenaiOTCH b oahom cymecTBeHHOM nyHKTe: b h e c n p a - 

BeAJIHBOH OpeABlITOCTH. 



f 9. "KonnaK" 

MoxeT 6i>ixi>, onycKaH KOHxpeTHOciH, yBaacaeram asTop c npora- 
bhhxom HecorjiaceH b a6cTpaxTHOii? Ho cbohm HauBBbiii BonpocoM — "m o - 
lei 6biTb, UlTeHHep He npiiEaei rsoce o jioibb"* — BbiAaji 
ce6a c rojiosofi oh. 

He npBHaBiDH xohkpcthocih yTBepasAeinrii asTopa khhth o TeTe, He 
np mnim i mx in abatracto, as-rop paa6opa hx Ten He neHee npmiBJi: 
aScTpaxTHO-KOHxpeTHO. Bee atHBoe bo bstjuac Ha Teie y a-pa 
ILlTejiHepa aBTopcxHii ryMMHJiacTmcoH ciepTo; a Ha "He xibo-kob- 
k p e t h o e" HaACT CMexoTBOpHbin KOJinax. "JJ, ji a asTopa... npiciy- 
nun x xpHTHxe nueiBeptaHCiBi HanSojiee yao6ao, 
HOABeprHya p a ecu oTpeHMio b3ijihai>i IIlTeHHepa Ha TeTe, 
xax ohm OTpa3H jihci."** b ero KHHre o TeTe h Sponnope o Fere, 

— ysepeHBe 3mhjihh Me-mepa nomuiaio a eAHHCTseaHbui o6pa30M: yAo6no 

— eiiy. 

HsBHHeHHX asropa y noiHTaTejieii "yMHieaa" IIlTeHHepa 3a oraoBeAb 
"vucjiaie jihj" IHTeHHepy He xacaeTca cthx nocjieAHHx: a KHHre "mmc- 
ji h t e ji a" Hex: ecr* — "aeiio moe — HeonpeflejieHHoe a 6 e c - 
noxoSHoe"***... 

HsBHHeHHe aBTOp nonpocirr y HHTajoineii ny6jmicn, c "m bi c ji h t e ji e m" 
aeaHaxoMOH — 3a cbom xapHxaxypy Ha "iibicjib": sa "flypau- 
k h h xojinax" OKKyju>TH3iia; xapHKa-rypa 6eraeT no seen KHHre. 



• Por. 434. 
•• Por. 37. 
••• Por. 250. 



20 



§ 10. KapHiwrypa ' 

KapBKaTypy cbom — cueinamo noHHTHB BauiBA b "KOjinaKe" 
Teoco<pBB — aajiee HaHHHaeT paccipeJiBBaTb asTop 6oju>iiihmh, impoBbiMH 
yiiaMH: opyABe csoero Hanaaemu — nyjieiieT — aiexaHBHecxB Ha6iiBaeT 
nwiaraua, b B36nBaei innaTaMB, to ecri. 6oju>imfMH, MBpoBbniB yxaitB — H3 
paaHOo6pa3B«ibnBX ueinpoB, KpoMQ^igBHoro, Aonycrnnioro Tyr: ctot Hemp 
— B3rjuA 3mhjihh MeTHepa — GjiemeT'OTcyTCTBHen: BKycosafl we uonyjuamH 
sarjiHfla AaBa — B CBeTOsapHeBumx pacTBopeHBOx BOKpyr TeTe b b yparaHHux 
rpoMax — BOKpyr fl-pa ntreiiHepa; Bxycosaji MoayjianHB B3rJiHfla B3 yparaH- 
hmx rpoMOB npojiBBaeTCH He ctbxbbhmiib rpaAo6BTi>aMB, a — apo6hi»imb 
TpecxaMB: nyjieiieTHMx uBTaT; bjih ate: pa36oBHHKOM, b koco 3ajioMJieauon 
nuume, kbabctcx Ha npoTBBHHKa, b Tenepi. ywe rpyGoio AyoBHOio ciiexa 
yflapaeT He a rpyAfc (3amBin.eHHyio (|>bjioco«J)ckh), a — b cmmy: b tmji 
B3IJUAOB, b flaHBOM cjrynae npe6i>iBaioinHB He b uecTHOCTB noeABmca. 06i.eKT- 
hbhoctb paccrpejia jnum> b iiexaHBKe acbctbhb, a cy6i»eKTBBHOCTO — bo Been. 
fl coBeiyio aBTopy: aanepKHyn. cbob amirpacp, a Ha 3anepKHyTOM MecTe 
nocTaBHTi: 

"Yato xe6e"!.. „ 

A. IlyniKBB 14 . 



§ 11. npw-oBop 

KuHra asTopa He ayajit, a — nparosop k paccTpejiHHiao; 
cya — npocTaji <popMajn>HOCTi>; ocyjK«eHne asho BnpeflncjioBHn;n — coc- 
Tasjieiio yoexACHHO. 

jDJ-p IIlTeBHep He bhaht, hto — 

■ — "cBefleHHeji bocarbo npo- 
cto - ne jioBe He ck hx HacTHOCTei csoeio n p hb a-r hoto . . . n- 
poBoaaptHii c npeeMCTBeHBto bm BocnpiHiioio ochobom 
BHejIRHUOB H c b e p X h e JI o b e h e C K O B MyflpOCTH OH poHJiei... 
ace «ejio... k KOTopoxy 6wji npn3BaH"*. 

3a npHTOBopoH cjieflyeT Ka3Hi> — njrrbCOT CTpamm khhhi. 
Tan hto: 

1) "BocnpBHTBe" A-pOM IIlTeBHepoM "ochob bhcjiiiho! 
b CBepxHejioBenecKOH m y a p o c t a" ecn. rjih asTopa BnoJiHe ycraHOB- 
jieHHbm nyiiKT; b ycraHOBJieHO cthm: — 

a) iBaKouciBo asTopa c caiiuiiB o c h o b a - 

MB 3TBMB; 

6) c bx BBpymeBiei. 
2)ycTaHOBJieHO b ipisBiaie a b t o p a c y a a t i> 3 h a - 
kohux c "ocnoBaMu". 



• Por. 29—30. 

21 



3) YcTaHOBJieHO, ito cyflHica He " m bi c ji h t e ji b " , 
a — nocBHUteHHUH b "ocbob bi". 

rioHHTaTejni fl-pa HlTeBHepa b iou jihiob cjiyiae iiainjiH 6 H3BHHemie 
aBTopy, ecjia 6bi 3tot nocnenHHii abji CBuaeTejibCTBo o ce6e, <rro oh, astop, 
— noffJiiHBui xpaHHTejib ochob h BtflymHH c h e t n o - 
c 1 1 ig ( a i a x. 

Cnpocra xe h ku ot ce6a: kto ctoht nepen. aua, o6jie*ieHHbril b cyaenc- 
xyio Tory — B najian, b cyn>a, BeuyuniH chct nocBameHHax? Ho OTBera HeT; 
h«m ocTaeTCH BOCKJnnaiyn.: 

"Ecce homo"!" 



i 12. flnaH Moeit khmi-h 

HaHHHBH) H C KpaTKOH XapaKTepHCTHXH o6in.eB n03HUBH A-pa 

IDTeiraepa b oiaoineHHii x cpKJioco<pHH coBpeiieHHOB h (pajiocoipHH Ttre; 
Aajiee — nepexoacy: x xapaicrepBCTBKe cbctobob Teopmi TeTe 16 , no peTyura 
A-pa IQTeHHepa. BuecTo cseTOBofi Teopna TeTe a 6bi mot b3hti. "opra- 
HHKy"": "opraHHKa" h "ieopHa TeTe" parao xapaKTepHbi nnx Tere: 
pasHO o6hjh>io.qih KOMueirrapaaMB conpoaoatAaeT o6e Teopmi A-p UlrenHep. 
£(ajiee nepexoacy a: x Bonpocy iieTOAOJionm. B hbtoh rjiase coeAamno h o6e 

TeMbl, TTOObl ABTb BOSMOKHOCTb nOHATb XOTb B HaMCKe MHOrOrpaHHOCTb 

no3Hinm A-pa nTreHHepa b OTHOinemiH k B033peHnaM TeTe. 

H tojibko b nocjieflHen rjiaBe cocpeAOTO>mBaio a CBoe BmmaHHe hb aBTope 
"PaJMiiinjieHHH o r e t e"; to ecn>: ftejiaio o6o3peHae ero rjiaa. 

IUeeTaH rjiasa ecib coSc-rseHHO npHJioHcenae k KHHre: HBTaTejra, He saaxo- 
libie c "kphthkoh" 3mbjibh MeTHepa, lioryr ee He hhtbti,, noToiiy «rro dxioi 
r ji a b o a — TeMa khbth KOHweTca. 

Ho 3aTO y6eAirrejii.HO a npomy vrraTejiea nepaoro Tojia "Paaiiumjie- 
hbh o rexe" BHBnaTejn>HO rjiaay pa3o6paTb, conocTaBHBimi c TeKCTaua 
aBTopa; 3a.ec* a KCTaTB 3aMevy: apryiieirranHH — b MHoroHBCJieHHbix cnocxax; 
UHOroHHCJieHHOCTb chocok He npespameHa mhob b innaTbi co3HaTejn>Ho: npe- 
BpauutHHe ax b innaTBi H3HeHBJio 6m KHHiy: oaa crtajia 6m cnpaBoiHaxoM; 

CnpaBOHHBKB, yBbl, He HBTaMTCH. 



| 13. (PopMB OTB6Ta 

Cboh OTBer Ha "paa6op" nor 6m a npopa6oTarb b AOCTynHyio 
(popiiy, annapaT cnpaTaTb b ctoji h cpawaTbca c aBTopoM b eiqe 6ojiee pe3Boa 
cpopiie Brpbi a(popB3MOB, bm HeyAaiHo saTeauuoa; ho npa ctom a nojiyiy yxop 
B n 6e30TBeTCTBeHHOCT h"; 6btTb "6 e 3 o t b e t c t b e h h w m" no OTiiome- 
hhh> x MiicjiB A-pa OTreBHepa He yjibrSaeTca rae; a irae ocTaeTca: npHHHB 
nparjiameHBe x pe3Bt>cTHM, pa36pocaHHbui b "Pa3MbiniJieHHax o TeTe" — (toji- 

CTMH TOMHK H6 BblCTynaeT, a DJIHineT) i OCTaBHTb KHHry CBOHJ B CTaABB 

22 



annapaxa; o6peMenirrb ee noflpo6iu.iMH ccbijncaMH 11 6poHiipoBaiiiion ciijiob 

IIHTaTbl. C MblCJTbW O 3aKOHHeHHOH KHHTe npHXOHHTCH MHe paCCTaTbCH, HO 

a yTeinaiocb: MHe y^ajiocb noKaaaTb, KaK nmneicj KHHia b XX CTojieTHH; 
BnponeM, h 3Aeci. npHXOAHTCH anejijiHpoBaxb Miie k... TyTenGepry H k co- 
BpeiieHHHKaM ryTeHGepra: bo BpeiieHa TyTeRGepia kuhth rmcajmcb mane; 
npefl coBpeueinioio khhtoio ocTaiiOBHJiCH 6bi b yacace Hoami TyTeHGepr; 
h HasepHoe 6 — OTKpbrrae CBoe cnpflrafl. 

3«ecb yiiecTHO CKasaTb: moh KHHra otbct He ctojimco 3mhjihio MeTHepy, 

CKOJIbKO UejIOH JIHHHH KpHTHKH, He pa3o6paBIIieHCH B OCHOBHblX BOnpOCaX, 

3aTpariiBaeiibix efi noBCway; b asTope nepeceiuiocb ace THHHHHoe, hto npuxo- 
Ahtcx cjibiinaTb — h «rro cjibimaTb npafleTca He pa3 -~\p fl-pe ULTeihiepe. 
B jume aBTOpa oTaeHaw a mhothm; pe3KHH toh iioen kphthkh, neKOTopan 
CTpeMHTejibHOCTb OTseiOB — nosTouy. AsTopa nepaoro 7011a "Pa3MbinuieHHH 
o TeTe" h npHBbnc yBaacaTb 3a eio He3aBHcniiocTi. b y6ea<flenn.Hx h BKycax; 
a Teai 6ojiee ropbKO MHe, vro b xone cbohx iianaflemin oh — c o6mecTBeHHbiM 
MiieHueM, co "BceiiH", b 'Vojine"; h no^nac — Ha "6a3ape". H OTCio/ja-TO 
CTpoHT oh cboh aScrpaKTHbie B3rjiHflbi, accoi(HaTHBHO pacTyume Ha ciepacne H3 
3a6jiy«AeHHH — HaHBHoro, naccHBHoro AorMaTH3Ma, oGpeneimoro Ha 6jiH3Kyjo 
CMepTb. t 



TJ1ABA BTOPAfl 

PyflOJlb<t> WTEflHEP B KPyrE HA11MX B033PEHW/I 

f 14. PygojiMp LUT*AH«p 
■ Kpyra HauiaH cjiobkhocth 

ToBopxTb o AOKTope IHTeHHepe — use ontm, TpyAHO. 
3to aawan hoito: b lac mtpoBoii KaTacTpo<pM, b tac rpoMOBoro rojioca 

— rpoMOBOro rojioca He ycjibimaTi., mapoBoi KaTacTpo<j>bi He bhacti,, a pa3Be 
hto — npoiecrk jiexoHio: "O mpoioi k bt acTpo (pe" 1 . Tojimco Taicoe 
cpaBHeHBe bmbchhct ipyAHOCTM Moero nojiowemui nepefl saTpoHyTOM Texoio, 
noroiiy «rro ona, npesbiinaB uens, yiHeTaeT uenx. C paaocTMo ot Hee n 6m 6i>iji 
roTOB OTKasaTi.es h OTflaTkca flpyrosiy Bonpocy, 6ojiee jiencoiiy: Kpimnca 
MeTHepa MeHfl x Hefi npintyAHJia. 

"^ -p IIlTeHHep" HTO HOXCM CRa3aTB MM H H, h flpyTHe? Cjiobo 

Bime "a a", "n p o t ■ »", "o" b cospeMeHHOCTH — 3Haio a — tojimco aeni, 
CKpaneune nepa h cjiOBecHafl iio.noTi.6a... no cojioiie, noTOuy hto b rpHAyuptx 
CTOJieTHax MCfljieHHO Syflei HexaHHTi.es to, hto ntiTaeiJCH mm neysiejio cxsa- 
thti. nanny cjiobom; tojtkh nanra HCHe3nyT. OraeHaH 3mhjihk> Meraepy, 
yunowaio m — 3Haw a — pa3Be hto coieTairae cjiob; Tenia khhth iioeii 

— 3Jio6oflHeaHa«; Kaic TaKOBaa — ■ a 3iiaio — ona He OHepTHT b MHOrorpaHHtix 
B033peHHHx OflHOH Bcero rpaHH; xpHBOTOJncn ace — nopoflHT; 3a iihx h3bhhhk>ci> 

H: 3TO BOT 6ojU>HO MBC. 

Hckohh, DHcaTejiH pyccKHe He Morjm orpamiHHTbca nenaTHOH cjiosec- 
hoctmo, ho b noHCKax 3aBCTHoro flejia rojioca kx CMOJixajm; to — Hascer^a, 
a to — BpeiieHHo; na^ajia Hafl uhmh 3aBeca b mht tbkhx ycTpeMJieHHH, 
cnoKofinoe noyneHHe o KOTopux rpaHHHHT c GeccMMCJiHijeii; noynaeMMR nnca- 
Tejieu naxapi. 3fleci. paseH iracaTejuo. 3flect OTCTynaiOT b MOjiHairae, b iiohckh, 
b KponoTJiHBoe H3ynenHC, mm... — OTCTynaiOT b "cjiobb". 

Cnopy HeT — "cjiobcchocti." Hyaena; cnopy hct — nyrH 3KH3hh iiyaflawT- 
ca b "wiOBe"; ho eiqe 6eccnopHen: orpoMuoe paccToanHe oTAejineT "cjiobo" ot 
"flejia"; coieTaTi. xpacHBO CJioaa h njiecTH BeiiKH — H3 cohctob jih, TepMHHOB 
jih — noMTCHHo; noTrenHo npoHHTbisaTb pe<|>epaTbi o ecTecTsax 6oacecrBa. 

HcxyccTBO cjiobcchocth — ecTB HexyecTBO, xoueHHo, KorAa oho — 6pi>i3ra 
h36mtohhoh XH3HH, Kor^a oho He npHHHHa, h Korfla oho He npe^eji. ConeTaHne 
cjiob, — yBbi! — npeBiicHJio iiepy. IIon&rTKa Tojicroro naxan. ajih ncxyccTBa 

— HCKyccTBa 6m» b XCH3HH — 3HaHBrtejii>HeH "sByHuocTn"; h oGpaaen jiyMinen 
3ByiHocTH, jiynmero coneTamui cjiob, npeBwuiaioinHH see BBJieHHtie 3a nocjie- 
AHee speiis BepcH^>HKainioHH]>ie tohkoct* — TOJicTOBCKaa "AsGyKa". 

24 



IIpasaaBaa 3HaHemie TepMBHOJioraHecxoa a <poaeTB«KCKoa scb3bb, 
Bce-TaKB OTaejuio m mx ot co6crBeHHO xh3bh: ot nyna — "aciiSHii co6ctbchbo"; 
nepeacBBaaae nym b cjiose npa noaoina coaAaBaHaa — khht, xpyacxoB, 
KypcoB — see eme coaA*BaHae necTHbix noHTemibix aocTpaKuaii; acaaab Taxaa 
— "npeanyTHua"; ■ — ysbi: "n p e a-" b "6e3-nyTainj" b janepaType BCTpena- 
k>tc«; bmb cTpaflaMT nBcaTCJiB, roaopautae o nyrax, o coHeTe, o Bore, 
o KpacoTe, o flo6pe. IIonbrrKa TojiCTtMfg 6brn» naxapeii, yxoa /Jo6pojoo6oBa 
b acB3Hb Bee eme... nepBBHHbie, eABHBiBbie "necau": KOiipenoi cjio- 
aecHOCTB...' loBopuTi. o fl-pe IDTeaBepe, o B033peHaax ero a o ABaateaaa, 
aa BbisBaaaoM — aae ay<anejibHo; 3to 3HaHHT: 6i>iti> HHxeM ae ycjibnpa HBbOi; 
a — ocraTbCH aenoaBTUM; iiohtb — roBopaTb b nycrara nepe/i 3ajcpi>noio 
Asepuo JDiTepaTypHbix b (pajiocoipcxax coGpaaaa; sto 3hbhht: crown, oab- 
boxo, bbacti> xaaeaae Texymeii, ooBJibaoa paGoTbi, 6brn> or aee orpeiaeuHbui, 
6brrb ea — HCHyatHbiH; a OTOpBaHHO, nyayxo CToan> b jntTepaTypaoa fleacr- 

BHTeJIbBOCTH. 

rosopHTb o fl-pe IHTeaaepe b stbx ycjioBaax Tpyfluo aae, — tcm Sojiee 

TpyAHO MBe, <ITO npBXOABTCB rOBOpBTb KOCHOB3MHBO a po6KO, BHe rOTOBOrO 

Bbi6opa pa3pa6oTaaubix aexorA* — onpeACJieaaa, cjiob, TepifaaoB; rosopHTb 
BHe nejioro xpyra aaea, a o tom, b iea enaa pasfiapaembca, ho tto no MHeaaio 
apeonojiaraeifbix onnoaeaTOB abbbo paaoopaao am. ToBopaTb a ycjioaaax 
3tbx — iienocHJibuoe 6peiu. Tojibxo Bepa b ueoGxoflHiiocTb ueabix tbobx cjiob 
HapymaeT MOjreaHBe a 3acTaBJiaeT: Bbicxa3aTb o A-pe niTeauepe to, hto, 6biTb 
MoaccT, xorAa-aa6yAb b 6yAyin.eu tm no3sojiaji 6bi ce6e BbicxasaTb: c 3toh> 
oroBopxoio npacTynax) a — x Tejie. 



§ 15. PyfloiiMt) U1t*hh«p ■ anoxe 

Etrrb coSbiTBa bo BHyTpeaaeii poexe OTAejEbiioro MejiOBexa, xpyw- 
xa; ecu. co6bnaa uaqnoaajibubie; ecTb co6birBfl 3pti a — nepe6oH ap. 

Cy«b6a co6biTBB cipaaaa. 

Ha rjiySoKoro AymeBHoro cjiob co6brraa pocia BHAHBBAyajn»abix coaHaaaa 
aeAJieaao npopacTaWT x nosepxaocTH, cjiaMbisaa xaneaae xpyacxos a 06- 
pa3ya: HOBbie crpya xaneHaa; b hbx — nenaTb apbi. EbironacaTeJieB yMCTBen- 
Hbnc a apaBCTBeaabix KaiecTB anoxH 6ojiee BHTepecyiOT xpyacxa, to ecTb: 
"cjioBecHoe" OTpaateHae anoxa; co6paHHbiB aaTepaaji CTaaoBarcx aaiiepaTejib- 

HbQI JIOTOM BHABBHAyajIbHOB a ODUqeCTBeBHOB BCB3HB, OCHOBOH) nOBBaaBBB 

cOBpeHeaHOCTB, ee Kyju/rypHbix aaaai b craifyjiOB acbctbhh 3Ha<inTejibiibix 
jraHHOCTefi; xa3Hb nocjie/max o6bncHOBetmo BcnjibiBaeT no3Aaee, He coBnaAaa 
c oaeHKOio coBpeaeHHBKOB; pyxoBOABTC* 6ojQ>maacTBO ax o6mecTBeHHbiB 
aneuaea; a pyxoBOABTca HeabinaHCTBO — xpyacxoBbm; 06a MaeHaa jioatHbi: 
B aax Hueiine jianaoe BbiJiaraeTCH bjib BJiaraeTca — as cyMMbi a b cyiiMy; 
a — B paBBOAeaCTBaa Maeaaa noJiaraerca cyifMa; MeacAy Tea: paBUOAeacTBae 
Bcerfla b eABHaue, b 3uaHHTejn,HOH jihhhocth, nOTOiiy hto cyiiaa cbji — jibm- 
BOCTb; b Hea — nepeceneHae cbji; xpyxxoBaa cyiiaa a "cyuMa cyjisi" ecTb 

25 



cymia aaepuaa. B coGmtbhx HHAaBBAyajibHbix, hhthmubdc ecTb nocTynt 
anoxa; b coSbrraHX KpyxKOBbix ee hct: ecTb ee HCiepHBJieHHe. Co6i>itmji 
3noxajUbHi,ie KpaAyrcH no yeAHHeHHeainHM, ciepbiTHeamnM aHAHBHAyajn>HbiM 
co3HaHHHu: to, tto BbmainaBaji 6a3ejii,CKBH 3KC-npo(peccop, no hmchh <X>paA- 
pHX Hmpne, «rro Sbijio iojiocom BHyTpemiea hui3hh Kaieoro-TO reapaKa H6- 
ceaa, neii 6ojieji JQ(ocToeBCKHn, *rro Spocajio mojioaoto Aon,eHTa BjiaAHMapa 
CojioBiesa b ErimeT H3 Ahmhh, to BCKpanajio BnocjieACTBaa iwcaiauH 
pe<pepaTOB h nana, npOHecjioct no ayineBHOuy Mopio Eaponti; h — Htme 
oSeraJio: co6i»ithjimb... s 

Cjiobo, Apo6jun.ee immhh, yace 6biJio cicaaaHo: 6bmo cKa3aHO — h m: ayinaii 
6cuii>inHM a HeMHOrnii; Sbijio citasaHO — n p e jk a e; AeacTsae cjioaa — Tenepb, 
b nymeHHOM rpoxore, b rpoiie nafleHHH Bejuncojienntix, cTapamibix oGjiomkob 

— hu cjibimmi; noneMy xe mu neKor^a He yBHAejia mojihhh mme peBymero 
rpoiia? 

Tpoii 11 mojihhh — BMecTe; ajunoaaii pa3AeJiaeT hx; b hjijiioshh rpou ot 
mojihhh OTCTaei; ao He mojthhh b ipoiie; rpou — AeacTsae mojihhh. 

MojIHHH He yBHflejIH Mbi B OCBemeilHBIX C06paiIHHX C 3aKpbITbIMH OKHaMH 

— a "cjiOBecHtix", h nbinmbix; MescAy ieii: mojihhh 6bijia b He6e; n — mojihhji 
6biJia b ayinax, b yeAHHemibix coaHaHiwx; ne6a He bhhhm uu; yeABHeimoe 
c03Haaae xe — Kpyxicy HenpHHacTHo; HeKor^a Hail c hum bo3hti>ch; neKor«a 
Han: KpyatKoaaa HCH3in. 6i>eT cjiOBecHbiM cpoHTaHOM. 

Onoro-TO a rpoiiy coGbiTHH yAHBJiiieMCH Mbi — bchkhh pa3. 

PyAonMp niTenaep — mojihhh em,e Gojiee crporoa a rpoaHO-rpaAyineH 
anoxn; to ecTb rpHfl.yin.eii "icaie 6bi": anoxa — yw ecTb; mojihhh ee paape3ajiH 
HeSo; rpoM — 6yAeT h oh. PyAOJib(p IILreBaep ecTb mojdihh cjioBa, Apo6ain,ero 
KaMira; xaMHH pa3Apo6jieiibi; ho ajih iiac ohh TpecuyT — iiotom. Cjiobo-mojihhh 
AecHTHJieTne cjimuhmo b Espone noBciony: b BepjiHHe, b IlapHxe, b C/roKrojib- 
Me, b JIoHAOHe, b Bene; ot cxaji ahkoio CeBepa ao JiaaypHoro HTajibBHCKoro 
He6a 4 : ho oho ao chx no P eu l e "6e33ByHHo" hjih MHpa; a HeaiiTepecHo 

— KpyatKaM: cjioBecHtie <poHTaHbi o6hju.iii.i; ecjm 6bi Mbi no MyApoMy cjiobv 
IIpyTKOBa saTKHyjm 6bi 3th (pOHTani.1 a Aajra 6 hm ota>ix, yoser 6bnb, 
a ycjibiinajiH 6 mbi to, hto He cjibhuhm Mbi, ho hto cjitimaT neMHorae, 
yeAHHCHHbie, Taxae AyaiB: iojioc CJiosa, Apo6amero iuuihh; moxci, antie H3 
aac He cropejm 6bi co CTbiAa, AoatHBaH ao anoxa, KorAa ByAyT HCCJieAOBaTb 
npxHHHbi Heo6i>HCHHMoro (paKTa: noieMy 3aMeHaTejn>Heninee coBbiTae XIX 
a XX sena npoxooHJio, CKa3aji 6bi a — b rpoMOsoa t a in a 11 e, RoiAa 
xpyxxoBbie (poHTaiibi 6ypao 6ajia "c Jiose ch ocTbio", norjioinajiacb tomb 
Mopaca MeTepjmHKa h AsrycTa CrpHHA6epra, nepeBOAHJiHCb KyHpaTbi, 3k- 
xaprbi, EeMe, BaaAepbi, CBeAeH6opra; HMeiiHO b 3th ahb He y3HaJia Toro, kto 
6bui bbahm a cjibiuniM nOBWOAy, nepeA KeM caiiaa acTopHH mhcthkh h bcb 
nponaH "TeococpHH 1 ' 5 — nepBbie po6KO B3HTbie HOTbi, npa6jui3HTejn>H0CTb, 
CMyiHOCTa a 3bi6Kaa, TeHeBaB arpa. 

TyT-TO bot noHHMaeun.: HeySHaHHbiMH npoxoAJrr coSbiTHH BpeMena; noA- 
jraHHoe ocHOBaHne ax Jiamb B AaJiexo-rpHAymeM MeAJieaao noAbiMaeTCH, KaK H3 
Mopa yrec: ot coBpenemiocTH nOAJiHHH<*H Mbi OTCTaeM Ha CTOJieTHfl; OTToro-TO 

26 



mm bot nponycxaea Hey3HaHHi,iM CojiosbeBa h Haipoe; h npe/j CTpaflajitHec- 
kob rpooHaaeio Torojia noacaaaeM njienaiiH; 3aroHaea BeTxoaeHa Ha lepflax; 
a o6BHHemie b xaiaeHHH flener npeflTjmjmeM mm — MmcejiaHAwejio; aa 
Koerpax ropjrr -^ JJjKopnaxia Bpyao a Tyc*. OTToro-TO bot b mhi rpoMOBMB 
h B iac MapoBoa KaTacTpoepw Bee eme OKOH<uure.>n.HO npocHyrbca He Moacea 
mm: npocunaHae Haine — npoconte; a cnpocouM mm thhcmch — b moth rpOMa 
h b <iacw KaTacTpcxpbi, — THHeiicH B«?Sffle: k npescHHM (pOHTaHaa. 



§ 16. Pyflonb4> UlTeHHep 

m MMpoaoaapirraiibHuA Kpyr \ 

Uoa%t3iKait k Kaapy, bhahtc bm b aaroiiHOM orae — lopiaT 
TpeyrojttHHXH; h y r«3exa — otictjihbo rpoM03AHTCn rpoaaflune, rpaHenwe 
ivjimom; npBGjiHwaeTeci. — KaaceTCJi: 6yflTo icax/pun Bain mar bx BwaaBJiaBaeT 
nepefl saaa aa notou; y hoahoxbh napaMBAM — nponajia Tpexrpaaaax 
<popaa. 

HaxoHeq, KapaSKaacb no pefipy (okojio ero nojiosHHti) — bm sa^are: 
peopo bmtjmait — 3aKpyrjieHHBiM: nnpaiiHfla kaxeTCa inapou. 

H — K8K napaaafly muepvm.? B kbkbx Bupaaan. rpaHax? Coothcctb ee 
c teii? C ee nymcTapoa aa hjiockoctb? B BOCbMBJiaaeaBOM syHinape an... 
Xeoncosa napaiiHAa? 

Bosspemu «-pa DlreBHepa nepBoaaiaJiMio npneajnoTCH He KOHKpeTHo: He 
nnpaMHflOK> — BocwnuDBHeHHwii nyHKTHpoji; a flaace stot nyHKTHp ^- cjiara- 
e-rcH nocjie; BoaaperaH npaeMJnoTca npome; Bocejn. CBH3a H HMx jibhhb — npo- 
eRinu -r- npeflnojiaraeT yMemie: b hjiockoctb yBBfleTi. npocTpaHCTBo; yMeaBe 
coeAHHHTi. /n»e npoexiniB: CKpecTBTL BoeoaHO ax. 

ToBopx o B033peHHHx fl-pa DlTeBHepa, a Haxoacyci. b nojioaceHaa xaTejia 
AByxaepHbix npoCTpaacTB, SMxaaiemioro Ha amoBeHae b TpexMepHocn,, TaM 
yBHflaBmero napaaafly, KOTopyio oh npaBMK Ha6jiK> fl aTB Tpeyrojn.HHKoa hjioc- 
koctb. Oh Bepayjica H a hjiockocti.; b aea pa3pynieHO npeACTaBJieHae "Tpe- 
yrojttHBK"; "TpeyrojttHaK" — oh 3HaeT — a H aa tparypa; k TpeyrojiwiaKy oh 
npacraBJiBeT raaflpa-r; nojiynaeTCH: nHTByroji&HBK; a — hct napaMB/n»i. 

Bo33peHHH fl-pa DlTeBHepa b Kpyre Hanmx B033peaHB abiot: MHOroo6pa3ae 
ceneHBH; b <pBJioco<pCKoa ceiemiB oh — «orMaTHK ot ayajnMMa: ero B033peHae 
Ha aapw — Mapw pasyaa a paccyaaa — HBJiaeTca AyajmcTBHecKoa florMoio 
b o«ho6okom ceneHHa'; ero yieHHe o flsyx ayxoBHMx nojiapHocrax (Jlamaipepe 
a Apnaane) — flyajiacTHino*; b aeroflimecKOM ceaeHaa 3HaHaa — Gyppi oh: 
njnopajiacT; b nepeceneHaa ceraniB oh — mohbct aBOJuonaa; 3bojqoubh 
"onBrros" Tyr npoxoflHT npefl Haaa*. 

Bojiee Bepnoe OTpaweHae ero b3tji*aob, kbk rpaflainiH MOHO-«yo-njuopaJtt- 
hwx 3u6jieM 10 , 6ojn,inHHCTBy MajionomrrHo a nyatflo; noAo6Hoe OTpaaceHae 
BOSspeHaa b BaoKH Kpyre B033peaaa npeflnojiaraeT yuemie: nepeapecTBTb ABe 
hojmphoctb; npeanojiaraeT yMBHae — npaBBJiBHO BHfleTi,: npocTpaHCTBa Ha 

HJIOCKOCTB. 



27 



B coBpeiiesiHOii Hail 3hbhhh, coenHHBTb He yxeeii iu>i; caabra "cHirres"" 
6epeu mbi co-nojioaceHHeu MaTepaajia b ero nojcpbrriie — aScTpaKuaea. 

Yueame "nepexpeuniBaTb" — b yMeaaa coeaaHBTb b uaiaen mmojib 
BhiBOflM ero Mbicju; a Tyr — nepsoe BbixoacaeHae "3 Hainero xpyra 
BoaapeHaa, b KOTopoii B033peHBB fl-pa IIlTeHHepa Bcer/ja yxopoveHbi; 38mm- 
xaaae uamero xpyra BbiBOAOB ecn> nepsax Tonxa: ero xpyra bubo/job; ero 
yncHHe o iteroae no cymecTBy He ycaoeHO, no cymecTBy He npoMBTaHO 
■ Aaxce oho — He nponaTaHO Boace; aeacAy Teii: oho — ecn>; a oho 
paaBHBaeTCM c peoKoio iiejn.HOCTi.io; Sea Hero mm ce6a o6pexaeM Ha npaMa- 

THBHOe BSBTHe OpHTBHajIMieBlneB MMCJIH; B 3T0H MMCJIH BHflHH MM OTTOrO 

jamn. 6ojie3HH co3H8hhh Hainero, ero Tpareoaa, xpa3acbi, ero 6jiyatflaHbe 
BDOTUiax; 3Byitoco<ieTaHHe "oKKyjn»TH3M" BM3MBaeT b Hac yacac": He npasa- 
■nci jm k coaHaHHio Hameuy npa3paK, He 3a6ojieeT jib coaaaHae Haine? Ho 
3TOT npaapax yate b Hac: oh — rpbisyuniB MepTseq: aamea mmcjih; MepTBe- 
u>i rpfciayr lieprBeua — tojemco b Hac, He bhc Hac; "oxxyjibTH3M" — hh npa 
Hex. 

He ycBoeH inn cymecTBeHHbrii nyHKT "HrreaHepaaHCTBa": Teopaa npax- 
caca mmcjib — Teopaa MBAHTauHH 1 '; onHcaime pocTa BHaaaHju x mmcjeh, khk 
pe3yjn.TaT ynpaacHemifl c mmcjiho, b3htoki AoraaTOM, ecn. onacaiuie: co6- 
CTseHHO mmcjih; hto Taxoe ecTb mmcjd., He yauaea mu b subux MbicjiaTeJib- 
hmx (popaax: b hex OHa — He OHa; b hhx oaa — aGcTpaxinut cbh3b; 
b aHTejiJiexTyaJGbHOM npaxcace co3epuaHHH nocTeneHHO cjiaraeTCx: hojihmb 
abicjnrrejibHbrii xpyr; a BbiJiaraeTca aa o6biHHoro xpyra; 3axoHOMepHocTa, 
jieatainae neat xpyros, orxpMBaiOT iibm BnepBbie B03MoacHoc-n»: BOBCTHHy 
nepexpenntBaTb ace HHoroo&paaae npoexqaa; b nepexpemaBaHaa — yiieHae 
BBAen.: napaifBAy Ha hjiockocth. H pejibetp "Teopaa" ueAHrainxB oTxpMBaeTca 

— Tyr. 

^-p IHreBHep B3MBaeT x co3HaHiao Hen36eacHbix TpyoHOCTeii ero iibicjia; 
6ea BOJia x mmcjib a 6ea BHHiiaBaa x mmcjib mm ero He noaiieM: b ero yneHaa 
o mmcjib: nyrb, orpa3BMMB b a6cTpaxinMX, OTpaacaeu xoaxpeTHO m: b ero 
xeopaa MenaTauaa; MeaaTaTHBHaa mmcju. xapaxTepa3yeT a "opraHHXy" FeTe; 
aeTaaopcpoaa pacTemiB 1 *, yroHae o THnaiecKOM 15 noHmiaeuo b npaxcace: 
MCTaMopip03bi o6pa3os a aaea"; A-poM IttreHHepoM npocjieaceHbi ace 3Tanbi eei 
■KaraHanax, aHcnapanaa, Banyana* 17 . 

Mbi, ysbi, jih>6hm TepMHHM ae HacTomneH jno6oBbK): b Tepaimax juoGhm 
mm, yBbi, asyxa cjiob; orroro budb B3rji«Abi — aGcTpaxxoM, xoHxpeTHoe 
noHxaanae xoTopux BM3MBaeT b Hac yacac; or MeAHTainm, to etrrb MbicJiHTejib- 
aoa acasHB, oeacaa mm — b 3Byx cjiosa mmcjib: b npoaaaeceHae MHeHaa; 
OTTOro-TO mm HHTejiJieKTyajibHoro coaepnaHax 1 ' 6obmch, xax jkb3hb, npe«- 
HOHHTaa eay ero 3ByKosyio a6cTpaxin«o; aHrejiJiexTyajibHoe co3epqaHBe b Hac 

— Meero cjiOBa b HOMeHKJiaType hohbthh, b xpyre cmwcjiob — b "cjioBec- 
hoctb"; a cjioBecHoay noHHuamiio aflea "yHeHax", "BarjiHAa", "Teopaa" 

— npaHOCBM Mbi b xcepTBy Hfleio; a noaaHauae Mbi k noHBTBio cboabm: HOHXTb 

— B3HTb noHHTaea; noHHMaHae ace ecTb neMTO o6paTHoe: B3BTae noHHTaa 

MblCJIbK). r 

28 



IIocTynu o6paTH0, mm nonaaaeM b crpaHy, r«e npoexKaa cmabiot nut 
cmmcjiu, a rfle mmcjih BpamaMTca: Tepioraoii a rpaMMaTBHecxBM KopHtai; ho 
■ tjt ae Hfleii hu H a OTxponeBHoe bshthc aainax cjiob — (poaeTBHecxa 
h xpHTHiecxa; He npoxoflmi mm lecTao k TeopHH H3wxa, xax opy/pno noaaaaa- 

TeJIWH.DC^06pa30B", HH K TeOpBB HOaHaBaHHH, K8K opy/noo 6e3o6pa3Hbix 

cmmcjiob"; a OTToro o6pacTaeii vut flomaTiniecKHM nycT03ByHnen, r«e 3ByxH 
cjiob — AomaTW, r«e cjiOBapi, — ^ipaoBpeMeHHO h nepeieHi, jiorHiecxax 
3a6jiyameHHH, h nepeieio. acTeTBiecxax 6e3o6paaaB coBpameHHoro, asBpa- 
meHHoro, pasBpameHHOro cmmcjk. 

B "nOHHTXHHOJl" B3XTHB HamH CMMCJIM — 3m6jH!*M; B HBX 6eOt!MHCJIHUa 

hbctmb cmmcji; ocBo6o*fleiuie ero bmtjmabt yronjieaiwai cmmcjiob; xpenxo 
a HaHBHO aepxHTca b "hobxtbbhmx" CMWcjiax Haina 6e«Haji, 6jKAaax, aMeaa- 
TaTHBHaa mmcjo.; b Hefi BoaapeBBa fl - P a ntreaHepa tohhtch b cmmcjiobom 
(peTHnnrsMe: b aByxocjioBHoa nannrae, H ac Mejuomea xepHOBO* accoiuunaa 
cnamero, aaccaBHOro MinnjienM, r«e BoccTaex b Hac KirraS: HOMeaxjiarypa 
a aayx; 3n.ec* ocuejnoci. a BMCxaaan neiTO jdihhoc: namyn cboh powaH 
"HeTepGypr"", x crapajicx huuhimm o6pa30M onacan. co6mtbx, npoTexaioiinie 
y nac b rojioBe, a xapraay iixpa b "hohjithhhom" bshtbb: nojiyHBJicx ywac 
b 6pe«; 3tb ace yacac b 6pe fl — b Hamea "MHpOBoaapaTejiwioM" xpyre; tojimco, 
b Heii HaxoflHCk, Mw ero He bbabm, He cjimuibm: h Ha Bcxxoe yxa3aHBe 
nocTopoHHero aaojnoaaTejui mm ooaataeMCx. 

Canoe BbipaxceHBe "arreaHepaaHCTBo" — npeAeji HeamuiaBu x "iirreH- 
nepiiaHCTBy", noiOMy hto yHeaae fl -pa mTeiniepa ec» paa**nK "cySjiaiia- 
aaJiMioro nojw", HMCHyeiforo HaMB B033peHaei«, noxa mm Haxo«HMc« b nea; 
"uneaHepaaacTBo" — "y^enae" b o«hom cmmcjm: npaaMB x caMOCToarejakHoii 
mmcjtb b OBJiafleHHe "cy6jiHMBHajn>HMM npocTpaHCTBoj." iiexaHBKH MMiBJie- 



3ia iiexaHHxa BMMOJiaiaBaeT cepaa anpHopHeainax nojioateaaa o "inrea- 
HepaaHCTBe". HanpHMep, rosopxi: "fl-p mxeftaep b noHxxaa " H ayxa o «yxe" 
CMemBBaeT aayxy a ayx". H — pa3yiieioT — cjiOBapi.. 

Ecjib CBo6o«a flyxosHOCTH npoiexaeT BHe "BefleHHx", to CBo6o«a — b H eue- 
fleHim; naaawT: pejiaraoaHMe ohmtw; ecjra Hayxa ae aBTOHOMaa odmtob, 

naflaei, xax Taxosax, aayxa; no« HayroocTMo pasyMeerca pa6cTBo; no« 
flyxoBHOCTM© — npoasBOJi; a no« "ayxoBiioa Hayxoio" — npoaanojiMioe 
paSeTBo, to ecu. Taxax Hayxa, KOTopon (popstw — hohbtbx, coaepatami* 

lyBCTseHHOCTB". Hy, a ccjib ofipatHO? Bonwieee (popuw ■ b AyxoBWXSB 
— coflepacaHBx? H aonpoc o "flyxoBHoa Hayxe" aa oryjn. H oro OTpaaaaaa ee 
CBejicx 6w: x MeroflOJiorBHecxaM «e6aTa»i o Kairre, xax oxpeaaioiBBii aac ot 
xaxoa-jiaoo nocTaHOBxa Bonpocoa o Hen bhc pa36opa ocHOBonojioateaaa "xpa- 
TBUB3iia"". HanaaeHae npeBpaTBJioci. 6w: b BOAonaa aSeppaiota". 

Ilofl "aayxoio" paayiieer Han fl-p HlTeBHep o&bxcHeHae aBTOHOMaoxo 
onwra", pa3BHBaa Teopaa (a,6»ieHtBii a onwia), BfciHocainae nac aa 
pycjia onpeflcrxeHHH "cjiOBapHwx"; ero Teopaa o6MCHeHaa" aueer cbojo 
Teopaw aaaHBx a MeTOflaxy "ooMCHBiiocTea"; o hhx —r- cxaacy Haate; ero 
Teopaa onfcrra ae yaasaaa xpaTanecxa (o Hern — Toace Haace) a paaBHBaeTcx: 



29 



b Teopmo aBTOHOMHoro om.rra, x KOTopoaiy 6oju.ihhhctbo Hauorax 3Hamin 
CTpemfTCH ii Koxoporo He AOCTarjio eme; oho uaxoAHTCfl b CTa«nn npoxowAeinui 
rpaaauBB — onunoio leiepoieHeaica; b CTa/pra npeABapjuomea 

— co6cTBeHHO ohmt; nepeceicaeTCH eme c<pepa ranoTe3 n npa-KbiinjieHBB 
paccygxa — x reieporeHHOJiy onbny; opyAHX ontrra co6ctbchho — eme 
b lexaHxe; a ohmtm 3HaHHa pacyiOT Hasi: nojiOBany onuioB co6ctbchho; hx 

AeMCTBHTejIBHOCTi nOJIOBBHB AeBCTBHTejIiHOCTH. IIpOJierOMeHbl 3TH — Te- 

opaji o6i>HGHeHax h onbiTOB — Han iieHmOT: caiibm B3TJIHA Ha HayKy. H yTBep- 
Kga* "Hayxy o «yxe"", yTBepac^aeT Haii fl-p niTefiuep ue to, ito 
npHHHif aeii km 3a h a y k y a «yx. 

OrHoineHHe Hame k AyxoBHoa Hayxe He OTHomeHHe kpbtbkob, a OTHOine- 
HHe myTHBKOB; ocTpoyaae TpaTBTCH Ha BbicKeBBaime a6eppaoBB : — ee npapo- 
AO-BoaspBrejiBHOB b FHOCTBKO-noTiiaTBiecKOB (popiibi. H b Hac — aoeppauaa: 
ot 6e3ycjioBHoro a OAHOBpeuenno TyjianHoro b3athh — kmcjih cjiobcchoctmo. 

npOB3HOCH SByX CJIOBa "TeOpHa", HTO B B HeK BbDOBapBBBIO, KaK MblCJIb? 

B Kpyre Hainax BoaapeHBB a Biieio npaso Ha Asa tojemco CMbicjia — 3ByKa 
cjiosa "TeopBx": ora — Jome3peHBe 6oxecTBa, bjib — TeopaH nosHaBaHHa; 
xaxoBbi ee ckmcjim: (poBeTBHecKBB H xpHTHHecxaB 19 ; ho co 3ByxoK CJIOBa 
"Teopan" saxeM km — accouaaTBBHbie raiyTHOCTB, noHHTHbie b JieHH, a ueno- 

HHTHblC B CKMCJie. ToBOpB: "TeOpHH lUTeHHepa", o6bIKHOBeHHO pOHHWT <nic- 

Ttie CKbicjiM 3Byxa CJIOBa "Teopaji 1 ' b noASapaioT — HeHHCTbie; roBopx Tax 
"xeopax", He pa3yMeiOT a BOBce, hto "TeopaH" b stok cKbicjie y a-pa IHTea- 
Hepa hot: ecTb npo6jieiia o6obx ckmcjiob "Teopaa", B3«rbix b co3HaHma. 

Eme npaMep: "cMHTea"". Cjiobo mo npoH3HocHTCa oco6eirao lacTo; hto 
3Ha<iBT "cxHTea" b Aayx ynoMHHyTbrx ciibicjiax: tpoHeTHiecxoM b xpBTBnec- 
kok? B CKMCJie nepBOK — "comuioxeHHe, to ecTb: nojioateHHbrif arjiouepaT, He 
CBeAeHHMa k eABHCTBy; iieatAy TeK cjiobo "camea" b HaineM CMbicjie — coeAB- 
HeHae b eAHHCTBo; a b xparrBHecxoM CKbicae "chhtcs" ecu. noxpbrrae siaTepn- 
ajia paccyAOHHOB xaTeropHea; noxpbnae aGcTpaxuaea HyBCTBeHHOCTH — sto 

JIB "CBHTe3"? 

B "cBBneae" coeAHHemui hm; b CKemeHaa CHHBOJia3Ka a CHirreTMMa 

— tjixxbb rpex ipBJiocoipBB* 1 ; OTToro-TO a cacTeKbi caHTe3a He Bbirjinfljrr 
CBHTesou; b rHOceoJionm 3TB cacTeKbi — a6crpaKTHbi. Ta ace HeBHHTHocn. 
c "c 03 HanaeM". 

CBH3b 3HaHHH, CO-3HBHHe, yCJIOBBe CymeCTBOBaHHH H03HaHBfl, KOTopoe 

■HC COSHaHBH HeB03MOWHO: "C0-3HaHHe" 33 Hepa3JIOaCHKO-KOHKpeTHaJI CBH3b 

3HaHBH b "H"; no3HaaaHHe OAHa H3 co3HaTeju.Hbix (pyHKUBH, Texyioax B C03Ha- 
hhh; b BHe no3HasaTejn>HOB ctpepbi — TeneHae coaHaHax. KapTe3aaHCxaji 
(popiiyjia "co gito..."", BMpaaaB HenocpeACTBeHHoerb OTHOinemrii sieamy "H" 
H "co- 3 HanaeM", npoHHTMBaeMa b oSpaTHOM nopxAxe: "sum — eigo: 
cogito", — noTOJiy <no npo6jieiia co3HaHBH cyaceHa y J^exapTa nepeABaxceHaeH 
ueinpa ot "H" x oo3HaBaHBK) a npeBpamenaeM "H" — b "cy6i>exTa"; "cyoi.- 
exT" Bbipoc nocjie; no cymecTBy BHe-cy6i>eKTHafl, npo6jie«ia noaaaHBH CMeirra- 
Bajiacb c "H"-npo6jieMoio b "floniauiecKoii KOHcmeHiimie" 
y KaHTa 34 ; a CMemeHae nopoABJio: TepKHBOJioraHecxyio ABy3HaHHOCTb (pOHe- 

30 



Taaita a Kpnntipi3Ma... CyfrteKT* no3aaHBfl — ABy3iia«mocTb; paao6jia<ieBHio 
otoh flBy3Ha«£HOCTH A-poii Ilh-enHepoM yoejifleTca juecTo: b Teopaa aHaaaa; 
cy6MKT noaaaaaii — ssyHHocTB, 3Ba<tmiafl b oahom tojibko cjiwcjie: b cmbicju: 
npnsiaTa C03H8hhh b ycTanoBJieitBH nosHaBaTejiBHBix AaHHOCTefi; b no3HaBamin 
Hame coaaaaBe b3hto, kbk naaaoe /jorMaTOM, ecjia oho He pe3yjn.T8T: cjioaceiiHH 
B nac npoqeccoa; nocrceAHun B3rjin^H3H<aT; sajiTue ace co3HaHHfl floruaioii He 
BCKpwBaeT Hail ero HopM; C03HaBaH*£.BBirjiHAHT noaHaHHbiM aeocoaaaHHOB 
(pyHimaeH; an.eci. — bhahmoctb ncaxojiorasMa co3hbhhh; ho bhahmoctb hjuiio- 

30pHa; BJUH03BX BOflBOpXeTCJI T8M, Tfle Bpo6jieila C03H8HHH IiepeHOCHTCfl B nCB- 

xojiorHM, KOTopaa, 6y«yHH aayKoa, or noaaaBaHBJi 3*bbcbt h jiextHT b ero 
Kpyre, aa co3BaHBx a priori bbiboahmom; ho xeopmi co3K«BaBBJi aer; h b oc- 
HOBe ao3aaaBi ctoht AorMaT co3aaHHa; Hame Bpewi HanomcHaeT Tyr KaHTOso. 
Eyas, y hhc co3HaBaTejiwiMH KpHTHini3M afleKBaTaMB KpBTBtecicoB cpajio- 
cocpHH, Teopax co3HaBaHHji a priori 6w crpoHJiacB: BHe Teopaa 3aaaaji h Kate 
ncaxooioraa; npoTeKaa oaa b hbx, b b iiefi BOABopxeTca floraiaT: co3HaHae 
nosnasaTejiBHO; oho — npooecc bjih AaimocTB. IIojioateHBe hc OTHOineiiHH 
weacay nponeccoM b AaHHOCTwo — b hhctom co3HaHaa He paaofipaHo; no/n.oia- 
eTCH TyT Bonpoc: «rro ecri. AaHHOCTi, n03iiaHHH b AaimOM coshsdiii b «rro 

B Hell MeTOfl? HTO OHH B n03HaBaHHH 3Ua*M. HTO OHH B C03HaHHH HCT. 

H BCKpMBaeTca: ochobhob aonpoc He nocrraBJieii. Hto ecu, co3HaHBe? Te- 
opeTBiecxB b JKHTeficKH Bonpoc ocrp — b Haimix ahhx; h ocTpti sonpocbi: 
BssieiweMO jbi co3Hairae b noaaaBaaaH, to ecTB iiaine cosHaHHe? 

B tbkoh nocTanoBKe Bonpoca apaSjiaacaeMcx mm k Sojitinefi hctkoctb 
b ypa3yneHHH siecTa cpajiocotpcKoii noaHnaa A-pa mTeaaepa; myi-^ nepsBia 
paccyAOHHtm mar k no6opemiH> accoinfOHBB, BCTaroinax b Hac co cthxbbboio 
chjiok) npa HMeim: PyaojiBtp HheBaep. MiioroKpyaoje xapaKTepiisyeMBix 
aarJUAOB b nepeceneBBB ero c Kpyroif nosHaima <pHJioco$CKoro, othctjibbo aa 
HeH nepTBT: np o 6 ji e ii y c o 3 h a h hx. 

Onjioco<pHH a-pa mTeaaepa HaHjmaercH Tyr. 



§ 17. npo&ieiwa co3H8hhii 

3aaeii mm: Teopaa no3aaBaHBH ae aojukhb hmctb npeAnoc&uioK; 
aaueTBM «e:no3HaBaiejiiHux; Teopaa no3BaBaaafl npeanocBuixy asieeT; 
npeAnocbunca — C03HaHae"; npeAnocbuncn cosHaima npeBpaiaaiOT Teopmo 

3HaHBB B KOHCTpyRHHIO C03HaB3HHH; AeHCTBHTeJIBHOCTI. KOBCTpyKUIUI 3Ta. 

Hama AeficTBHTejiBHOCTB — ocymecTBJieiiHe oaboh hbcth co3HaHna; AeficT- 
BHTejitHOCTi, — flannocTi. co3HaaBB aamero. 

B nocTpoeHBH Teopaa 3HaHHH Mbi OTBicKHBaesi nyaKT nanajia n03HaaHfl K ; 
b noTOM yate KOHCTpyapyeii ero (popira; b nocTpoeHBH Teopaa co3HaBamia Mbi 
AOJiatHti BbiHTH 3a HaHajio aoaaaaax, bbibbbtb nojiHtra Kpyr coaaaaaHBa; 
npeABapHTejiBHO ero pacnjieaas, OTKBHyri, see cpopiiBi HJieHeaaa a sae ax yace 
OTBiCKHBaTB ayHKT: Haiajia cojhhhhh c o 6 c t b e h h o; to ecu. aojijkhbi mbi: 

C03A3TB KaK 6bi MBp, He OTKpBITBIH n03HaHBIO; H C03AaHBBIH MHp BHOBB pa36»TB. 

31 



IIpeflBapHTejii.HO icu aojiwhw ornpaBJiHTkca: ot co3h«hhh, uaii AaHHoro 
b nosHasaHMH, ocboooabti. ero ot Bcex noaH»aaTeJii.Hi,ix KopocToa; b onmax 
c mucjq.k> — ocBo6oacfleinie ot KopocrroB. Caiio-cosHaH« c", npeAHOJiaraa 
"cbmo-" a "co-", npeanojiaraeT a apyr Haionx SHamta: ueroAHKy saaBBa; 
caHO-coaHaaie name TBieT bhc ee, b no3HaHHH vpe3 coaHaaae pecpop- 
MHpyx; caio-cosHaaie aaM pacyeT flBe cbob tchb b no3aaBBa: hcbxojio- 
rsHecxyio h jiora«iecKyio; b nepaoii oho — napajuiejik «Byx pnflOB (Map 
bhcuihhh a BHyTpeHHaa); bo BTopoi oho — nyaKT Banana no3HaBaa. 

05pa3HO roBOpa: caaoco3HaHHe — fleScTBirrejikHocw. cooerBeHHo; co- 
3H1UU — ero (popnw: apxirreKTOHHKa ax — apxHTeKTOHHKa TBopautix 
rteBCTBarejifcHOCTeH; roBOpa eiqe oopasHea: apxaTeKToaaxa bo3mojkhi,ix mhdob; 
no3Baaa« ax cyr* ax npoHBJieHaa; 3HaBBa — bbabmoctb npoflBJieaaa, mk 
nam; B3jncaa asanas no3HaHnea saaacaT ot ueTOAa; A-p HlTeBHep nepcmcjia- 
er aaM ao ABeHaauaTB choco6ob bsbtbb, Jieataicax b ocBose ABeaaAiuiTB 
Kapraa Mapa"; "m a p o b o 3 3 p e h a e" b samea oiucjie — Taxaa KapTaaa. 

"MapoB033penae" a-pa IDTeaBepa aae Hainero Kpyra B033peaaa; b Ben oho 
pacnaAaerca aa ABeHaAHaTi, npoeKnan, ABeaaAuaTb jiojkhi.ix HBTeprrpeTairaa: 
peajBiCTBiecxyio, panaoHaJiBCTBMecKyKi, BAeaJiacTBHecKyio, cnapaTyajiacTa- 
HecKyw a flpyrae. OcBOooAHTica ot hbx — Tpy«ao Han. 

HacToe no3HaaaHHe a mbctmh oohi" — flBe hojkkh oapxyju, onacbiBa- 
ramero HaM MnpoB033paTeju,Hi,m Kpyr Ham; a abhhocth 3toto Kpyra co3Hanne 
npoaaaaeT oahoh CBoea nacTkio; oho — UHoroHacTao; a b KaacAoa ibctb ero 
cjiaraercH saHKayTua Kpyr no3aaBaBBB a 3HaHaa, noflOOHtiH aaii AaaHOMy; 
caMoeoaBaaae nepecexaeT ax bcc a b ceneaaB flaeT rpaaauaio co3aaBBa, 
noaaaBHB a 3BaHaa. B otpopiuieHaax Hainero Kpyra yqeaBB — yneHae 
bjutjuabt: rpaAauaoHHOK) npeAcraB.JiaeiiocTi.io (acreTBHecKoa, peJiarao3Hoa, 
jioraiecKoa a HaaBHoa); b oahoh CBoea nacia oho — MeTaaop<po3a no3HaBaTeju>- 
bmx coctohhbh C03HaHHJi, a b Apyro* CBoea nacTH oho — iieTaaiopcposa bach. 
He npHHHB bo BHBiiaHae AaHBMX mhoh npojieroMeHOB k <rreHBKt A-pa 
DlTeaBepa, b oahom CJiynae 3axOTHM iibi CKa3an>; "nepeSHBame 3 a e c b 
npeflCTauiCBO cxeao a"; b Apyoa cjiynae CKaaceia mm: "n e p e ac a B a - 
Hie BHece.ao ifleci. b no3a«HHe", 

To h flpyroe — HeaepHo: nepeacHBaHHH a no3HaaHH A-p nbeaaep Ha* ne 
jioaaeT; obh naHBHawTca tbii, r«e aBJieau: b nepeacHBaaaa — ratpinaH b Heii 
ocaosa, b no3HaBaHBH — npeAnocfcunta; cmwcji ero B3rji*AOB b bbixoac mmcjih 
b npocrpaHCTBO co3HaBaa H3 bjiockoctcb nosaaBaHBa; a as npoCTpaHCTBa 
co3HaBBH AaioTCH Tyr npaBHJia: no hjiockocth, a«hhoh Baa, KOHCTpyaposaTi. 
"n" HJiocaocTea; reoMeTpaa ero Teopaa co3HaHaa He 3BKJiBAOBa; 3Aeci, oh 
— JToSaieBCKHH, 3iiaiomnH 3bkoh pacmapeaaa oahoh lacTH co3HaHaa ao 
nojiHOro ero Kpyra; coeABHeaae KpaTHHecxoa hchocth c HacToameH AyineBHOa 
OTBaroa — ycjioaae htchhh ero HecpaaHaMbix TsopeHHB. OTJianae A-pa IIlTeB- 
aepa ot Bcex 6bibuibx MBicjiaTejiea — b tom, hto ajw «o noHaMaaaa 
cneuaaJiKHoro o6pa30BaHaa mbjio, ae rosopa yat 06 o6meu; ipe6yeTca ynpaac- 
Heaae b bojib k BBBMaaaKt; bhihshiu iiajio Tyr; ayacHo 3HaHae — BOCCTaBaaaa 
BHBHaHBH; HywHa KpaTHKa caMHX ^yHKuaa "BHaMaT*"; a BHaaiaHaa k Tep- 

32 



MBBy — M»ito; BHHMaiwe k atBaaa Tepuiiaa b aac — bot hto co6ctbchho 
Hy*Ho; ayacea 3TBHecxHB nacpoc x caiioiiy sejieHHio BHHMaxira; b B036yatfle- 
bbB ero — aaiaJio cosaaTejibpocTB. 

HeoTHer^MBocTk b bcbsbb mucjih — npocTynox; npocTynxaMa b ctpepe 
co3aaaaa o&bacafljOTcji A-poM EHTe&BepoM: xoaxpeTaocTB oficiaBinero xpa3a- 
ca; rojioca o xpaaacax pa3Hoo6paaai.ix cosaanaB aepexiraxaKiTca BOKpyr Hac; 
Be 6ujio roqoca o eaHHcrae acex xpBOBCOB; Tenept ecu. 3tot rojioc: rojioc «-pa 
niTenuepa. **i 



9 1«. npo6n*Ma SHiponocoitiMH 

"\ 

Teopiu aaaHaa cjiaraer Kpyr sbobbb, bo ero ae BpaauteT; b homch- 
KJiaType, b BJiaccB<paxau,BB, b Tepmuie — Hrpa bcb3hb mmcjib CMep3aeTca 
b HenoABH3KHyx> uepTBOCTb xpacTaJuia; Bpamemie xpyra — b co3B8bbb; 
coaaaaae bjmbbt KpacTajuibi; b aeii obh — Kaaainae crpya; h Tax nocTynan 
c xpaciajuiox (aoMeHKJiaTypoB b TepiuBOx), co3aaBae npeBpainaer: xpyT ero 

BenOOBBXBOCTH B OflBy CBOM TOHXy; TOHKy XC flBHWCT, DIBCUBU HOBfalH 

oSumpaeflHaai xpyr, r«e BCTOpBiecxaa aepapxaa co3aaBBB, noaaaaaB ■ aaa- 
bbb — npoexoaa HacTB xpyra aa apeueuH. 

Hto 3to Tax, yaaaeTca: b sbbom apaxcace mi,icjih, BbipaapmaKJujeM 

rpaAauBB BceBoauoacHeHuiBX oopaaos, cpopiui KOToptix mbi 3aTeii y3aaeH 

(popxaMB 6biBBiBX B033peuBs; km ax 3Baeu Tenepi, — b bx o&iacHjnomeii 

trrepatae; b aameu coaaaBBH, trc ohb hbcxbo3i. npoHHUaeuti; vu HXMaeii b bx 

wb3hb: b npoqecce BoccTaaaa; noaaaBaa, bo iHaimio mm ckojii.3bii; 

CO-3BaBBB, C03HaHIieHVU B C03j|aBaBBB 3uaHHa; nosaaaBB b no3naBaHte 

— Oflao; b ocoaaaiibe — apyroe. 

yieiue o nayx stbx c<pepax A-poM mreaaepoM pacxpMBaeTca b- yqeaaa 
o paayite b paccyAxe, r#e nup coaaaaaa — paayii, b 3aaBaa — paccyAOx 40 ; 
B ifeBCAy bbmb rpaHHua: Teopaa aaaaaB; pasyu Bae-rpaBaneH paccyAxy; ae 
ejniBaeii c paccyAxaii; ajw cosaaaBa ace stb c<pepi.i — BayTpB-rpaaaHBue 
cepepti, noTOMy «rro co3HaTejn.Hi.iH npaxcac npeBpainaeT: MHorooSpasae npefl- 
Jieaeaupix Han ABBaocreB — b Jieacaucae nacre: coaaaaaB aameio. 

JJf-poit mTefiBepoM BaepBbie "xpaTBHecxa" scxpi.iT caiiun npaxcac cosaa- 
bbb; b 3toii CMbicjie oh — Konepaax b Kenjiep Teopaa, BcxpuBmea co3Ha- 
aae* 1 ; b otom ciiucjie oh — Kaar: cxpepu Sojiee orpoinion, neu KawroBa. * 

CjieayeT aowam. 

3ia ccpepa — ae ccpepa: mbctbkb, Teojioraa, ncBxcMtoraa, npapoAOBeAeaaH 
b t. a.; ara ccpepa BbmepiBBaeT xoBCparypauBOBBMB 3axoa caiioro o6pa30Ba- 

BBH "C<j»ep" B BX BCBBOB COBJieTeBBOCTB, KaK OHa BOCCTaeT B "yMHOll 

A e ji a a i> e" mwcjib* 1 , xyAa BBeprax>Tca, xax b n^aBBJiBHiia ropn, MaTepaa jibi 
BOTeBUBH crpoeaaB, rAe oaa miaBHrca, a OTKyaa oaa BtrrexaiOT MHoroo6pa3H- 
eM MHpoB, b ceieaae noaaaBBHBB flaioinHx — fleBCTBBTejii.HOCTi; bo b as 3Toro 
xanaiqero xapa (aiiarBBaBBB) c03aaBae cnoco6no Hac BtiaecTH: x caiioco3Ha- 

HffiO B "H". 

2 Aaopet Buiui. fygoia^ mreinep 33 



CaMOCoaaaaBe — b "fl", a "H" — MHp impoB, c BHyrpa Jieacameii 
rpaaaaaea: caiiocoaHaHHH, cosaaaan, no3HaHBH a 3naHHH, rn.e Mapi»i uapa 

— npeflBeiHti h, orayaa Baarue, cyTB ohm: 6BiBinae, cyiaae, rpaAyurae; 
Kopeafc yneHHH 06 Axame* 1 BtrreieaeT B3 6e3BpesieHno Jieacamero "fl": 
b neif oh BCKptiBaeiCH; b BeH nocraraeM a Hbi: nyHirra Banana co3HaHHJi; 
"KpHnnta" GoaHasaaiiH — Tyr, norouy ito pe.m»e<pBi cooTHOineirafi, cipoemin 

— 3THK, jiorHK, acTeTHK, pejiaraa, npapon.OBen.eHBa, ncHXHK — Tyr: 
TOjibKO Tyr. 

Ilepea. HauH ijejioc-raocTB aaHHoeren; b nea — bbobm mm: 113 3aKOHOB 
co3Hamia CTpoaTca TeopenraecKirii trap, npeaonpeaejiaa imp naam,m; b stom 
rape TeopBR H3peKaK>Tca TepiraHfai: BOcdaeT rpananaa (pHJiococpcwix cacTeii; 

■ BHgHM Hbi: H3 3aKOBOB COSBaflBfl B HHOB erO HBCTU BBIBOOBTCB 3aK0HBI 

cthxbbhoctb, npenonpefl.eJiaioin.He To«myio tpaHTaaaKi o6pa30B, a c Hen — imp 
HCKycdBa; b 3tom nape cthxbb mpeKaiOTca TBopnecTBa; bhahm hbi: hs 

3SKOHOB COSBaBHH B BBOB erO laCTB BblBOflHTCH COCTOHHHfl 3Be3flBOCTea, 

B03acnTax pejranm; B3peKaiOTCH mbicjih. 

B caHocosHaHHH, b "fl", name 'V — caiio-nyx (Geist-Selbst). 

TeopHH coaBaBaHBH ecm. yneHHe o wrapex co3aaHHax caMocoaHaaaa: 

O C03HaBHH, Bail flaHHOM, II H3 HerO pB3BHBaeMI>IX CTBXBBBOM II 3Be3flHOM 

C03B8BHHX; b HaKoaen.: o COSHaHHH ctohhhb b "fl"**. 3«ecb yncHBe nepexonaT 
b yHease npeBpaiqeHMH Kpyra cosbbbbb b caMoco3HaTeju.ni.ix cipepax 

— b yneBne o Tpex npeBpanusaaax (Geist-Selbst, Lebens-Geist, 
Geistes-Menach)"; h sasepmaeTca — Teopaea eoroHejioBeHecTBa**; 3a.ecB "fl" 
cbmo — b Jloroce; H3 Jloroca CTpoaTca jiorHKa*': b npoeKinm ayxoBHofi 
"Hayxa" oaa — xpacTOjioraa; aiiTponojiorHa c xpacTOJioraea csaaaHBi; "anr- 
ponococpaa" fl-pa nireBBepa BcxpBmaeT hx cBaaB**; Bsa-raa b TepuraHe, oaa 

— yieHiie o Jloroce; B3BTaa b ncnxaxe, oaa — seneaae o XpacTe; b apaRcace, 
b BOJie, oaa — Teopaa aunyjibca* 9 ; nocTaraeiia b aea boajibhho 3a-pejiarao3- 
Haa ccbepa; b aea oaa — xpacTaaBCTBo;a3Hero, KaK B3 "m a o c a", 
BMHepieao pa Mapa (paccyaxa a pa3yiia); b iiape pasyiia bckpbitbi: t p a ero 
npeBpaujeHHB Bieiupex coctohhhhx c o 3 h a a a a; a b apoeicqaa BpeaeHa, 
b n a t o a, T0«oce rpafl.au.HH B3ar HejioseK, b npaKcace nepeiepeinBBaiouraB: Tpa 
coctobhhb aymeBHOCTH c Tpeiui (pa3aMH nyxa b sui generis" reKcarpaMMy (b 
inecTb), a b uea npocnipaacB KocuiniecKH, ito6bi orryfla k sail BBHtecTa: 
tern. npocKuaa aa speiia B3 coieTainia "fl" a cosaaaaa b ceiia o6pa3ax 
aca3aea (ceMB3BaHBOcn» CTpoeuaa), ceiia pacax, aaoxax"; a — aajiee, aajiee; 
xoa^arypaoaa — ycjioscnaioTca; oaHBi oaa KaK 6w b aoTax, npennojiaraiouatx 
BiiyiKy; 6e3 Btiyata ohh — 3hbkh; npa yifeaaa npoHHTBisaTi. hotbi — b hhx 
cjibmraiia: tiaororojiocaji cbm^obbb mbicjlh b aepenjieTeHaa mothbob, r^e 
caMaa Teiia motbbob b pac<uieHeHBHX KOHTpanynKTa cjiohcbbtch a AOcraraeT 
toh CTeaeaa, r«e — HeyjiOBBjia oaa; a r«e Bbirjiaflirr — rjiyxoio ctchoio 
aeaaaHaa; cocroaaae 3to — MaTepaa, o6craioutaa Hac; rpo3a pacmenJiaeMtix 
saaaaa, aaiepaa, — ae3aaaae aac o6cTaBinen fleacTBBTejn>HOCTB. 

B pa3BBTBB caMoco3Haaaa — CBo6ofla ot csiepTa: ocBo6o3KAeaae lejioBene- 
ctbb; b Heii — acea TOHauqeaca tbsdh; b nefi — Mapa; kocmoc bboahtch 

34 



• lejiOBeica; h, BBeAHCb, nojiynaeT him: A^aaia; KaK b casioro Hejiosexa, b Alalia 
BimcaHO Hiu HHoe: XpHCTa s> . <X>paHqncK Acchsckhh"; nponoseflOBaji nraiiaM 
H OTJiainaeuo Hiu: inteTaii h xamuH, ecjm co3HaRHe c uiuih; co3HaHmo 
Haineuy kocmoc BHHMaeT, h6o oho — ero xpaii; BcejieHHtie ctoht nepeA Hma; 
ecjm c co3Hamieii mm, au b hhx He npefifleji; nycTi npaxoflHT scejieHHbie: 
nOA-miHHoe HiieHOBaHne co3HamiH b impax He npexo«nT. 

% 
"4- 

§ 19. M«AMTaTMBHafl MblCllb 

J\-ip IHreHHep — TpyflueHinHH nncaTejib anoxn; h nptfHTHe ero 
HaMB cnepBa — "socnpiuniie": oco3HaHae npaxoflHT c ro^aMH; oco3HaHHK> He 
noflflaMTCH cnepBa ropHbie h Kpyrbie ycrynti ero xo«a bach; Kaatynnuicfi hx 
HCHOCTb — OTpaacemie npHitHTHBHOCTH Hainero smpa ubicrm; Ka»;ymanca hx 
rjiySnHa — OTpawemie Hainero xaoca; nepBOHanajibHO oh 3epKajio — huux 
CRpbm>ix 6ojie3HeS; h npeflcraeT oh, KaK HCKyc. 

IIpocTeHinHH Te3HC ero Kpyra MbiciiH een. orpoiiHoe flOCTHHteiuie iibicjiH; 
■ — KpyrocBCTHoe nyTeinecTBHe mbicjih o6br<moH; h hchoctb o6iiaHHHBa; 
sopasbiH CMticji, HaKJiOHHHCb Ha« Hen, coAporaercx: tcmhoki ee rJiyGnHOH; ho 
t e m h o t a rJiyoHH&i — b Hac BCTarounie a6eppaTBBHbie niriHa; peaKUHfl Ha 
CBeT Haimx rjia3 h hx 3ainHTa ot... CBeTa; ueBbmocHMa hbii cojmeHHOCTb; h mm 
sannunaeMCH... nxTHaim. YnpawHeHHe bhhhbhhx hbicjih Haii nflTHa pacceeT. 

B3jrme ero mmcjih Hameio npeAnonaraeT: OHHineHHOCTb Mbicjra, to ecTb, sui 
generis TparaiecKHn Kaiapcac"; npennojiaraeT 6buunee noTpaceHae; npe«- 
nojiaraeT — orpoiiHyio Tpait/iaM Mbicjra; 6e3 nee He ycJibnniiM Mbi oahhokoto 
rojioca, oopamenraoro k Haii co cjioBaira o tom, «rro — 

— yate ipi3ic ecu,. 

JJ,-j> DlTeHHep — TpyAHeninHH nHcaTejn. anoxa, noTOiiy hto co3uaH»eM He 
npaemieT OHTepiiHHa;« B3HB hotm orpoMHemuen BaaoiocTH Ha KJiasnaType 
H3 TepmniOB, K Hen npa6eraeT oh pe^Ko; ho mm BCHBeii b Tepsumax; una 
noHHMaHHH ero mmcjih hbm BOHCTHHy HyateH: TpyAOJiio6BBeBinBH ceMBHapna; 
kto HiieeT TepmeHHe b "ceMHHapioi", tot yate 3naeT: 6e3MepHocTb ctoht nepeA 
hhm; h "B033peHHa" A-pa UlTeHHepa — onpoKHiiyTtin KynoJiOM xpasi: rojiy6on, 
TeMH0-jia3ypHiiH, 6e3AOHHbrn"; c rjia3 cjieraeT noBH3Ka; h nocB&meHHe bo 
n B3rjiHAi>i n BOHCTHHy bmtjihaht: noTpxceHBeM; h KaxceTCH: nepeacuBaeun, h ti>i 
— MeTaMop(po3y co3HaHHH; h o neit HAeT pent, Teiu hmchho tm craHOBBiin>e*{ 
m b Te5e pa3BHBaeTCH: npeAnpHHmHBOCTb, rn6KocTb h yiieHHe — CTpaH- 
CTBOBaTb no "BoaapeHHHif", nepeatHBaa c hhmh HeyHHTbiaaeiibie Bee KOHKpe-r- 
■octh crpancTBHH, bck) xh3hi> hx: CTpaxH, pa«ocTH h BocToprH TyT nocemawT 

TC6a; TM B CoGblTHJDfH BOJIHyCMOM MOpe KaHaeiObCfl Ha CJIOBeCHblX 3m6hX, 

OTaBHim. napyc Ha pHmax; h pHTMbi uecyT Te6a — k co3HaHHK> He3Haeubisj 
Seperan; h Kor«a tm BepHyjica, tbi saaeinb, nero He 3HaeT hhrto; h hto 
yauasaeuo tojibko: y A-pa fflreHHepa. 

Kypcw A-pa UlTeHHepa HeJib3H 6e3naKa3anno CJiyinaTb: ohh bxoaht Baac- 
HeauniM coGbiTaeM bch3hh; noTpxcaeTCH h oiHinaeTCH mbicjib; h b Hen — pa3- 

2* 35 



pjixaeTCH HyscTBo; caHaji BTHHyTa bojiji b 3to ropHee paapaaceHne; co6mthh 
BayTpeHBeH jkb3hb, co6i.ithh icapa mbicjih h co6brrna HCTopBiecKHe nepeceita- 
larca b bobom, hx BHxywfiu genrpe h pa3p&iBaiOT 061.iHHi.1e npcACTaBJieHHa: 

HTO K8K MQUCJDb BpeA T060W CTOHT, <TTO C TO&OB TOBOpHT, H HTO TbI OTBeHaeiBb 

— cpaBHHUO c flHajiorOM: — 

"Ho BOHCTHHy, TbI He B CHJiaX C03CpnaTb HtBI 

3THMH TBOHMH WiaSaMH". 

— "Mojibhb 3TO... hbhji ApflwyHe" Cbokj BblCOHan- 
myio tpopiiy... c 6ecHBCJieHHbniH ycraiiH h ohsmu, bo itHorax nyaecHbix 
HBJieuHHx... BceiyAecubiH, c o6paio.eBHi.iif BCioay jimkom"... — 

— "Torfla ApaatyHa, no- 

TpaCeBHblR H3yMJieUHCH, C BOJIOCaMR, BCTaBHXBMH ffblGoM, CKJIOHHJI rojioay... H, 

cjioxHB pyKH, aaroBopmi"... — 

— "BHyipa Tsoea (pop mm... h siracy Eoros, Bee 
BHAbi cymecTB h Kaxjxbm c OTJnraHeii cbobm... Kax paayra, nepejusaficb... 
UBeTaMH, KacaembCB Th... He6ec... Bpainaa ueo&i.HTHi.ie 3pa<ntR... IIomaflH... 
Tboh Baennuu XH3Hb yacacacT lieHfl"... — 

— "ffpoaca a npocrapanci,... ot cxpaxa 
3aHKaaok... tbk k KpmnHe" oopaTmicji"... — 

— "BjiarocjioaeHHirii hojibbji: — 

— "Sry 
(popxy mom, Ha KOTopyw iu B3iipaji, oneHi, Tpyano nepeaecTH... Oahob jmim. 
jih>6bh floCTynno Taxoe co3epi|aHHe n *. 

Mex noanHHHbDf irapoif mlicjih h Hainmi — TaKOB TyT flHajior b k TaKOMy 
flHajiory kjdoh — Kypcbi fl-pa UTreHHepa. 
Kjuoh k hhm — eio khhhi. 



§ 20. PyflOiiMtt U1t«mh«p m Tstb 

MHoroKpyacHeii MnpoB033peiiun, MbicjieB h lieroAOB n-p IIlTefiHep 
npen Haim boshocht npoGjiemy co3hhubh; b bbx oaa — pmi HSiieBeBHH 

Hau ABHHblX n03HaHHH, BOpifbl 3TOrO pBTMa B o6bI<CHbIX BpoeKUBHX MblCJIB 

— b rpaAauHH cmmcjiob; h MHHBKa MeTaMop(po3bi bohbthh conpoBoayjaeT 
ABBBteHHe: ot tohkh rpaAaoHB k bobob tohkc ee; caiiaa BCTopaa (pHJioco<pHH 

— OTpeaoK ipaAauHOBBoro cneKTpa; ocHOBonojioatemie rpaAainiH — caiio- 
co3Hawmee "H", — npeobisaji aae c<pepbi "kpbtbkb" Haines Mbicjm, Ha- 
ofiopoT, b3hb ee o6i.eKTOM aaajmsa, — He y«3BHMo "icpBTHiecxx": mho- 
roKpyxemie BarjuAOB He pasGnpaeMO BHyTpn jieacaioBii b neu Kpyrosi; 
A-p IIlTeBHep pwcyeT: kbk cjiaraeTca cam.™ "KpBTHHecKHB" Kpyr b ca- 
hocoshrhbh Bameii; b jibhhh nepeceneHBH xpyroa fl-pOM LUTeihiepoM crpoHTCa: 
ero TeopBfl SHamm, iieTOAOJiorBH h CBCTeiia Hayx; nocTpoeHHe — b Tepwuiax 
HauiHx AHen; oSpaineHne c TepiiHHOM 6eaynpe<iHo; oho "kphtbiho" BOHCTHHy; 



* H3 OABHiuaAi(aTOH Seceflbi "BxaraBBT-EHTbi" 

36 



crpoirrcH "irapoBOoapeHHe" h BHyxpa liainero xpyra; A-p IIlTejuiep onpeaejiaeT 
Wo xax CHcrreiiy xoHxperHoro HAeajrasiia; h uaii aBJiaeTca: cnoaceHHe stoh 
GMCieubi caMoa BCTopnefi <pHJioco(pHH; ero HcropHKO-tpHJiocotpcxirii axcxypc 
Hn b cyinHOcra: iciopn xoHxpeTHoro aaeajmaiia; h b stoh 
iciopin oraenaeT Han fl-p UTreiiHep: 3HaHHTejibHbiH nyHKT nepejioiia 
-*-• tot nyHKT nepenoiia, r«e KOHxpeTHbiH HAeajiH3ii flOCTHraer rpaHHin>i 
aax aaHHbix B033peHH4, r«e, noHHAB* JKHpoB033pHTejibHbiH xpyr Ham, 06*- 
jtCHaeM oh b HHoai xpyre rpaaainra; "M%K>B033peHHe" HAeajrama craHOBHTCH 
•necb: ynevMeu o Meranopcpose B033pennH a iictoaob; mpoBoaipeBHe 
reie iCTaeT ncptA hihx. 

■ Tere onepnpyer aneci., 3a xpyraiiH B033penHH, nasi RaHHbix, TepsrtHaiiH, 
jieacannuoi b xpyre; c "MHpoB033pjrrejiiHOH" cepneH "iapoBoa3pirreju»Ho" 
- fiopeTca; 3to-to coagaeT eiiy TpyAHOCTt; 3to-to h ciieinaeT eio b sui generis 
4>HJioco<pHH>; a 3acTaBJiaeT b Hen bhacti. — Kojryii6a, y»e npHHajiHBinero 
x 6eperan HoBoro CBeTa, ho nojiaraioinero, hto ohh — Grapbifi CseT. 

^-p HfreHHep "xpHTHHecKn" BcxpbiBaeT uaii TeTe: BCKpHaaei b n e p - 
Biie. 

4>HJiococpcKHe B033pemiM TeTe, nojiiibie reiiHaJiiiibix npospeHHH, He csefle- 
Hbi OTHerjiHBO TeTe b cacTeuy B033peHsm; Bcxpbrnie hx fl-poji OTreHHepoM 
OTxpbiBaeT H8M, noneuy "B033peHHa" 3th He CBOAHMbi b CHCTeHy; Haine 
noHjrrne o "cacrejie" jieaurr BHyrpa xpyra, npeoflojiemioro TeTe: cHCTeiiaTH- 
Hecxaa npeACiaBJiaeiiocTb b hobom xpyre B033peiraii ecTb npeacTaBJiaeMocTb 
rpaAaUHOHuaa; TeTe b "opraHHXe" Hasi flaeT jimiib KapTHHy 3axoHOB, TyT 
fleficTByioinHx; A-p fflTeihiep caxbie BCKpuBaeT aaKoiibi; noicasbiBaeT, noneiiy 
TeTe HiieHHO 3Aecb yBHAeji to, hto yBHneJi oh; h oxMenaeT: onncaHMfl TeTe 
eepHbi; ohh OTpaataiOT acn3Hb iu.ic.hh; Teie bccthmk rpHAyinero; rpaaymee 
AOJtxho yxa3aTi>: CTpana MbiCJtH Tere — 3Toro KojiyiiSa AnepmcH — HHaa 
crpaua, a He Hhakh, xax ace AyxaioT HbiHe. 

J^-p UtrefiHep BcxpuBaex Han npHHHHbi (pparaeiiTapHocTH TeTe, Aasmero 
"cHCTeMy" b KJiOHxax, a ne b OTHeTJiHBO BoaABHrHyroji 3abhhh; 3Aairae x TeTe- 
BY uapy Mbicjin cjiaraeTca HbiHe jraim>; A-p IITreHHep nasi noxaaaji: TeopHio ero 
(^pameHTapHbix Ha6pocxos; h xoHTypu 3toh Teopim nepeA Has™ ctobt Ha 
MHoroxojioHHOH 6a3e n B033peHHH"; MeTajiop(po3a pacTeHHH — OAHa Taxaa 
KOJiOHHa; TeopHH cseTa — ApyraH; scTeraxa — TpeTtn; KOHCpHrypaoHH hx 
■enoHHTHa, ecjm 6paTb hx BHe xynojia; A-p IIlTeHHep Hasi nan h xynon 
Bo33peHHH; b Hen acn3Hb reTeson MbicjiH npoAOJiataeT b nac hchti> BHe 6peHHbix 
66 o6ojioneK; A-p IIlTeHHep BOHCnray nepeA Jihuom scero urapa Aaji PeTeBOH 
mmcjih SeccMeprae; b Hen H3 xynojia onycxaioTCH MewAy KOJiOHiiaiiH <pparueu- 
Tob — apxn; (ppariieHTbi CBH3aiibi apxaioi; iiea<Ay "opraHaKofi" TeTe h ero 
Teopnea CBeTa ec-n, buhc apxa; A-p IIlTeHHep oTxptm, hto Mew KOJioimaMH 
nmH, noA hx CBH3yromeS apxoio b coBpeiieHuocTH OTxpuBaercH bxoa 
— b xpaif hoboh Mbicjia; b apxe 3Tofi pncyeT oh caiu.ni pHTM TeTeBbix 
MHpoB033pirrejibHbix ynpaaciKHHH; b caoefi peTyuia x cseTOBOH npo6jieiie 
y TeTe in concreto AaeT oh: cthjd> hoboh Mbicjia; noxa3bisaeT, b xaxHX 
rpaHHX ona BbirJiHAHT "^aHiaCTHHHo"; h b KaKHX rpaHHX tohho; caMyio 

37 



"<pairra3Hio" Texe b hm OTKpbiTMX npeaejiax npespainaeT oh b c e 6 h c o - 
a h a K) m y m Mbicjn.: b "h a y k o h o fl y x e" Ha<araaioT ckbo3bti> npo3panHwe 
renepi. TeKCTbi. 

XapaKTepHCTHKy cseTOBoii Teopmi TeTe — iia3Baji 6ti a anoxajtbiion; 
a kohchho eflHHCTBeHHoft n3 Hajnp£Hi>ix xapaKTepHCTHK; b iien BnepBue 
BCKptrr nyHKT BCTpe™ B coBpeiieHHOM co3Hbhhh MeAHTaTHBHoro a AHCKypcHB- 
hoto iibiinjieBiifl — b flByx orpoamiix (pnrypax: HuoiOHa h TeTe. 

IIoaToify o6pamaK>ci. h k CBCTOBofi TeopHH Tene; a CTajio 6i»ro: k HuoTOHy 
h Tere. 06pameHne sto noiiosteT MHe npnnoAHHTi Kpafi 3asec!>i ma cjiohchoio 
qejikHOCTMo: HaA OTHomeinieii fl-pa IHTeihiepa x iieTOAOJiornH Hauuix aata; 
h saOABO yac: noMoacer mte pasoSpaxbc* b cepim kphbotojucob 3mhjihh 
Meraepa, paaSpocaHHbix b nepBOM tohc ero paaubimjieBHB o Tete. 



THABA TPETbfl v 

CBETOBAfl TEOPMfl TETE H PyflOJlbO WTEflHEP 



§ 21. HbMTOH h Tare \ 

ChaeneuBbie ot HuoToaa h PeTe, oSteRTHBHO npomBonocTaBJueii 

Mbl HX; HCKJQOYHTejLbHO BOCXBajIHTb MM He MOHteM HX; HCKjnOHHTejIBHO nprajH- 

aca-n. mm Be iioweH ax ioxe, ho mm Mosceii ax ncKJiH>«arre.iu.HO BMiJiemm. us 
Tex cipep, rAe nx 6mct — TOiiaraBK. B OTHOineHHH HiiOTOHa h TeTe TaK 
nocTaBJieH sonpoc b "Goethes Werke. Naturwias ens chaf tliche 
Schriften"; tohkh 3peHHH h HbiOTOHa, u Tere 3£eci> 6epyrcH He b o6pa3e 
aaKOHHeHHbix Teopesi, a b npouecce BoccTairaa nx; ncnxojionia JnnmocTea 
TyT npoxoflHT nepe/i HaiiH h 6i>it toto speMeira: BOceuHa/maTMH h ceMHaAoa- 

TMH BCK 1 . 

Ot pa3Ji»HHH TeopeM nepexoami mm k pa3JiHHeiouo hctokob: Teopeiu.1 
BCTpeiaiOTCH b TO<iKe, JiencameH Ha OTflejunomefl nJiocKocTH; aHaJiH3Hpyn 

HJIOCKOCTb, npHXOflHM MM: K TeOpeTHHeCKOH HeCOH3MepHMOCTH. IIpHHHXaTI>, 

B03flBHra-n., — 3HaiHT: CMeionsaTb. 

3Toro n-p DlTeHHep He iioaceT. 

IIo OTHOineHHio k "(p ti 3 b r a u" HtiOTOua h TeTe 1 ocHOBHoe CBoe BMABHra- 
eT oh npaBajio: — 

— 'Teie naiiHaei t a m, r a e (p h 3 h r a koh- 
iaei". 

— "TeopHH KpacoK y r e t e ipaiqaeici b o 6 - 
jiacTH, He Ka caw men ca... o6jiacTH onpenejieuHB noBini 

y <p H3HKOB "**- 

— "CBeia b reieBCKOM cmucjie coBpesienu a*H 
ipHSHRaHe jHaei""'. 

OcHOBHoe npaBHJio 3to mm flOJiatHbi TBepflo noMHHTb bo Bceii xofle flajib- 
Hefiinero. 



•GNS. m Band, XXIX. 
•• GNS. m Band, XXX. 
»** GNS. m Band, XXX. 



39 



§ 22. Kpacica m KonopMT 

Pa3JiHieHHe b Teopiux cseTa Hi>K>Toua h TeTe — b Hecon3- 
uepHMOCTH MeTOflOB 5 ; Bbi6op iieTOfla onpeaejiHeTCH nonoaceauieii o6i.eKTa; 061.- 
eKT TeTe ecu. KpacKa; h — Hi>iOTOHa: "k p a c k a , sanaii b oiBomegu 

K..."; TOHKH IX OTnpaBJieHHH pa3JIHHHI»i; OT BeCOMOCTH, HSliepHMOCTH, 

BemHOc™ ornpaBJixeTCii TOHxa 3peHHH HbioTOBa: OT3ejieaoro, cnaero, 
KpacHOTO, yjioBHMoro tomho h b yjioBiiuocTH OTBJieneHHoro ot Texyneii 
smokocth hchshh, we utrz xpacoK x rocnoflCTByeT "k o jio p h.t". 

Ox "xojiopiia" o-rapaBJiaeTCH TeTe: "ko jio put" — HeyjiOBHMee, 
suoHe, TeKynefi, xuuee, KOHxpeTHeii; oAHOBpeiieHHO oh h KoincpeTuee, h bo3- 
AyinHee iiexaHXHecxoii xpacxH; b onpeAejieHHO seaeHOM, seJiTOu, 
opiHxeiou 4 — MexaHHsaipiH KOJiopma; b HCxyccTBeinio nojiynaeiiOH 
"xpacxe" MaTepnajui3BpoBaH "loJiopHi". Tax OTnpaBHbie tohkh 3peHHB 
HuoTOHa h TeTe o6pexaioT nepsoro: xojiopm aoCTpampoBaTb b xpacie; 
■ onepHpoBaTB c xpacion, B3Jrroio 6ojiee HyBcraeHHO no cpaBHeiraio c Teii, 
xax ohb aaHa b xojiopHTe. Tax onrpamtbie tohkh HuoTona a Terre bsjttm A-poai 
rUTeinepon. AaTop nepsoro tomb "P a 3 si 1.1 nui e h h h o T er e", He hohhb, 
xpoHH3HpyeT TyT*: — 

"H Tax, C OAHOI CTOpOHM OIBJItieHHOCIl, 

c apyroja — xaXHii-TO oSpaiou c Hen cobm eiqaioii;a hch 
"rpy6aa HyBCTBBHHOCTi."*. 

Ho y HbioTOHa h TeTe, xax OTnpaBHbie tohkh, KoneiHtie uejiH pasJntHHbi. 
IJejn. HbMTOHa: ooihchhti HBJieHiw cseTa b flyxe ToraamHHX TeHACHUH.ii; 3to 
3Ha<an: ofiucHim. iiexamrcecKH; n — upm, Tere: oomchhti. HenocpeACTBeH- 
HO-acTeTHiecKoe BOSAencrBHe xpacox. IIosTOMy: — 

— "H iioioHiaicxaa ieo- 

pHH XpaCOK B OCHOBy 3CT6THKH KpaCOK 6 He IIOXC1 JICHb"**. 

Teie we: — 

— "H cxaji l|>H3HHeCKOIO H (J)H3HOJlOrHHeCKOrO 

paiixcaesxi acieixxx aeicuui""'. 

Ta ace npH3iia, xax HHCTpyiieHT, b pyxax HhMTOHa h TeTe cosepineHiio 
pa3JinHHO nocraajieHa. H HuoTOHosa npusua — He FereBa npMiia 7 . 

HecoH3MepHiiocTfc noAHepxHyra fl-pon nTreHHeposi. 



§ 23. n«p«c*MeHMe TeopMii 

IIepe6poc H3 MexaHHKH m exaimnecKHx npe/iCTaBJieHHH ec-n. o6tw- 
Hoe nperpemeime pxAOBbix HtioTOHHamjeB; B03iieAeBHe iiexamiHecKHX chm- 
bojiob b xaHOHHHecxHH pxfl AorsiaTH3npyeT chmboji: florsiaTH3M seAei k peajuia- 



• PoL 113. , 
*• GNS. IV Band, Erete Abt. 123. 
•••GNS. Ibidem. 



40 



My; res* cyatajiaci. b liaTepmo; OTCyTCTBHe MeTOAHHecKOH hctkocth b aoceMnafl- 
uaroM Bexe MMpoB033peBHeii pacuutpajio uexaHHxy; MexaHHHecxaji tpajioco- 
<pHH CTaHOBHJiaci. Torfla: (pHjiococpneH or uexamiKH; snocjieACTBHH wxe OHa 
nojiymjia ahbjiom; b AeBHTHaAuaTOM Bexe; KOHen. aexa ahhjiom narepnji 

— b MHoroo6pa3M (pHJioco(pcKHX TeneHHH h no« y^apaua: xpHTHini3Ma. 

C HenpOH3BOJIl.HI.IM H npOB3BOJII.BJ.IM KaHOHOM <pHJIOCO<pHH OT MexaHHKH 

npxxoffHJioa. 6oporbCH "npupoflo-ikaapHTejuo" TeTe; pacimipeaHio Me- 
xaaHKH b o6jiacTH acTeTHiecxoH cpHJiococpHH npoTHBOCTaBMJi oh pacnmpeHHe 
B (pH3HKy 3CTeTHHecKoa cpHJiococpHH xpacox': MHOioo6pa3He ycjioBHoro pac- 
umpeHHB b MHpoB033pHTej11.Hi.1x oGpaaax A-poM nireHHepoM AOHycKaeTca: 

KOHeHHO, yCJIOBHO. *%, 

B TeTeBO Bpena paBHOBecHe Hapyinajioci. MexamucoH; MeTacpH3HHecK0H 
<pR3HXoa M nepaBHOBeciie ypaBHOBeimiBaji Terte. 

HepaBHOBecne MexaHHHecKoro opraHHipraiia c opramrcecxoii <pH3Hxox ypa- 
MHOBecHJioci. 6opb6oH flByx TeHAeHinin; ot hcxoahmx ToneK o6eHx pa3BHBajixci. 
■ imipHJUiCb A>a KOMeTHbix xsocTa — HaBCTpeny Apyr k Apyry, nepecexaxcH 
B nJiocKocTH hx 6opb6bi u : atrae ace — iieTOAnnecKoro AejiemiH. IIpiiHHB bo 
Uiiune speMH (BOceMHaauaTbiH sex), «-p IHieHuep OTBeiaeT aaa: MexaHH- 
necKXH opeoJi b pacinHpemra AOCTHraji TeopHH TeTe; b pacumpeHHX TeTesa 

OpeOJia AO MCXaHHKH Co6cTBeHHO MM flOJIJKHbl BHAeTI.: BOCCTaHOBJieHHe paBHO- 
BeCHH. B MCTOAHleCKHX paCimipeHHXX, HeCOH3MepHMiie BOBCe, BCTpe«CaiOTCH: 

Hcaax Hmotoh c TeTe. B pacinHpeHHH 3tom He 6e3rpeiiiHO TyT muoTOHHaHCTBo: 
x He Tax uaHBeH Tyr PeTe. 

J\-p DlTeHHep o-meiaeT bosmowhocti.: nepejioaceHHe b <pH3incy M«Ta-(pH3H- 
xx TeTe; h pxcyeT bo3M0xchoctb: yrneTeinie iiaHBHbiMH MexaiiHCTaMH npaao- 

MepHOH CHMBOJIHKH. 

B CMbicjie 3Toro Bo3MOKHoro, ycjioBHoro nepeHoca o6exx TeopHH flonycTH- 
11a hx BCTpeia; h AonycTHMM ycjioBHOCTH nepeceieHHH b ACTajiax;' jno6on 
nyHKT nojieicHKH TeTe c coapeMeHHbiM eiiy HuoioimancrBOM paccexaeM «ieTbi- 
peatAbi: b HeM aojixho BbiaejiHTb npaBOMepHLie ajieMeiiTbi TeTeBOH TeopHH 
cseTa h TeopHH cseTa H&KvroHa — flpyr ot flpyra h ot: 3M6jieMaTHHHO 

npHMbHHJieHHblX. 

OTAejIHTb TeopHH) TeiC OT TeopHH CBeTa HblOTOHa H OTpaHHHHTbCH 3THM 

3JieMCHTapHO AO KpaHHOCTH; B CyiUHOCTH 3TO eCTb "0TKa3 OT TOJIKOBOrO 

oSbHCHeHHa" in concreto fleTajiefi h lacTHOCTen, cnjieTawinjix m&icjo. 
y Fere; OHapoBaHxe ee — b hhx. 

Tax c TeopneH TeTe nocrynaeT Ham yBaataeMbra asTop; oh ee othocht 
X KyjibType"; h nojiaraeT, hto ee ochhthji. 

Pa3o6pan»cx b nepeceneHHax, to ecu, TeTe b3htb in concreto — BOBce 
He Tax yxce npoCTo; aio 3Ha«urr: c rojioBOio ynra — ot ueirrpa TeopHH b ee 
opeoji; opeoji ee — b tpHsnxe, rAe rocnoflCTByeT HMOTomiaHCTBo. MeTOAireecKH 
3Haa HecoH3MepHMOCTb HCTOKa HbiOTOHa h TeTe, nu de facto HHr«e He 
lCTpe<xaeM MeTOflmcy ao KOima npose^eHHOH — y HbioTOHa h TeTe. B BbiHJieHe- 
HHH, b coMJieHeHHH AeTajien Teopira — bch cyn. oCBemeiiHH; Hiiane TOJixosoro 
o6i.HCHeHHa TeTe Mti hbhth He cyMeeM. 

41 



B any TpyaHyio o&iacTb — b o6jieHeime <pH3HKOH MeraipMHKH FeTe 
— cnycKaeTCH fl-p fflreHHep h urrpaxoii HeyjiOBHiu>iM, TOHianinHM, xapax- 
TepHsyer, hto, co6ctb6hho, Tyi nponcxoflHT. 

B 3tom nyHKTe oh nojiynaeT ot asTopa BbiroBop: oh n,e cnyraji o6jiacrn 
o6eax TeopHH 1 '. 

He oh cnyTaji: nyrajnici, Tyr h TeTe, h Hmotob, nyrajioci, speiia: a nyTa- 
jihci. nocjie hhx — DIoneHrayap 14 , AoniaTHKH, (Jhuhkh, reTeaHugu h buoiohh- 
aHqu. 



§ 24. KoMMemrapHM fl-pa LUreHHepa 

B "Goethes Weike. Natur wis s ens ch aftli che 
Schriften" Hac BcrpeiaeT noApooHaa: xapaKTepHCTHKa h HuoTOHa, h TeTe. 
OcHOBHbie jihhhh ee — imipoKH, CTpoHiu.1, Kpacovabi, a fleTajia — b AeTajiHx: 
reTeaoH TeopHH CBCTa; nojmorpauHO h ocBeaceHHO caepKaerr aeTajuura aciiaa 
Tenepb, xax KpHCxajui, caeTOBaa TeopHH TeTe; xapaKTepHCTHKa ooHHiiaeT: 
6ojiee cothh CTpainm. — neiHTHoro mpHipTa: h — noaxpenjiHeTCH: /jByuH 
cothbmh; MeTooHHecKH ocBemaerca b hhx uaa no3Hinui reTeaHCTBa. 
To ecn> t p h c t a c t p a h h q. 

HeB03iioacHO cjioacHTB nojiHOBecuea xapTHHy; HeB03MoacHO h yate yrjiy- 
6hti>ch b aerajn.. 

3th ipicia c t p a u h u c»am b ipHAUain nirrepaTypHoro H3Jioace- 
hhh peaioice. JlHTepaTypHoe pesioxe uanenaTauo a-poM ntreihiepoM b ero 
khhtc o TeTe, b rjiase, osarjiasjieHHon: "Die Betrachtung der 
Farbenwelt"". 

3ioh nocjieflHeio h orpaimvuiCH B2.icoKOTajiaB-rjiHBi.iii aaxop b... cBoeii 
KpHBorojiKe: ipacia at e cipaiia npocTo stiKHHyji oh. 



f 25. 3Kcn«pHMeHTanbHbiM nyrb TeTe 

XapaKTepHCTHKa OT^ejieiia ot HHTaiejiH rpoiiaa.HenineH 3aBeci>K>; 
npimoflHflTi. xoti. yroJiiiineK 3aBecH — Ha xapamrepHCTHKy nanieKHyTb; ^aace 
b MaaoM HaueKe — pyinaTca kphbotojoch; onposepaceHHio hct mecTa 3flecb. 
B3hb TeopHH) Tere, m>i bhahm: b hhcto (|)H3HiecKOH o6jiacTH Hepa3Jio»Hiia 
TeopHH; "onpeflejieHHH hohhthh y (p h a h k o b" He 3aAeaaeT OHa*. 

H ne b d)H3HHeCKOH o6jiacTH KopeHHTCK Hanajio 3KcnepHiieHTa y TeTe; bo 
rjiaay yrJia noJioxeHa 3fleci> He Kpacna, h flaace — He "k a h e c t b o" KpacKH, 
a BoenpHHTHe "xaiectB a": to ecn. tpH3HOJiorHHecKoe aeiicTBHe KpacKH 16 . 

KpaCKB, BSBTBH B OTHOHieHHH K HpH3Xe, XapaKTepH3yeT HtlOTOHOBy 

Kpacxy; npnsna, B3araa b OTHOmeHHH k rjia3y H k paa;yre", — xapaKTepnsyeT 
Han TeTe: bshb (peuoMeu, no TeTe, mbi eio pasjiaraeii Ha Haem; h cjiaraH 



•CNS. m Band, XXX. 

42 



■ ontrre hbcth, bhobi. bocxoahm'k cpeaoifeay; or (|>eHOMeaa h cHOBa — k (pe- 
uoueay. Tax onnmeii mm Kpyr; b (peaoMeHe — o6i,HCHeHHe (peHOMena; 

■ 4>eHOiieB Bocco3AaHBu3 o6i.HCHHeT 4>eHOMeH hcxoahwh: 3to — npo- 
TO-(|)eHoiieH u . 

Dyr* Tere sthm ywe npe/uiaiepTaH: h corjiacHO rpaaaqmi TeTe: — 

i — 1) CJiynaHHoe 
"?®2) HexaHMHecKoe 

3) <pH3HHeCKOC 

4) xauimecKoe 

5) opramraecitee 1 ' — , , 

■\- Mbi aojikhm Bain 
(peHOMeu, Ham rjia3, pa3Jioxini> b ajieneHTw; h bhobi. Bocco3Aan.: to ecri, 
AeftcTBHe KOJiopsna, npoBe^H ckbo3i> <pH3Hxo-XHMH<iecKOe paccii oTpemie, bbobi> 
Mpayn. k rjiasy: k cy&beKTHBHOiiy 3peHHK>; pa3JioxeBHe no MexaHHKH a npa- 
uuBJieHHe MexaHHHecKH Majn>ix lacnq, Kax ofrbncHeHne 3peaHH, ecu, hoji- 
nyTH; ofrbflcaeHHe ranoTeTHHBo; nraoTe3a BcnonoraTejn.Ha; mli aojikri>i nojiy- 
Kpyr rxnoTCTBHecxBx o&bBCHemiH 3aifKHyTi> b nojosMH Kpyr: b (peHosieHe 
o6ucaeHHC (peHoiieHa. 

TeopeTHiecwi npeAuanepTaB Ban 3KcnepHMeHTajn.Bi.rix nyrb TeTe. 
BcnuxxBaioiqaji Kpacxa b rjia3y ecn. ajw TeTe coBcTBeaao Kpacxa; aeseco- 
Moe Bocnpmnxe 3to BHewaTepHajii.no, KOHemio: "socnp mi hm a eu i.ih 
nap ecri He hto luoe, kbk... iieiaHop^oia 13 ibcnpn- 
T ■■"*••; nepeHecemre xpacut sosae, to ecu. scTeiHHecxHH Kojiopirr, Baeiia- 
npnJnbHO noaroMy; 3«eci. MaTepHB nam He ochoboh aaii, a — HBJieimeM 
tojimco: 

"MiipoBaa xapiiBi — cymia Meiaiiop^oiHpyioqixci 
■ ocnpHBTHH 6e3 b ocHOBe Jiexaiqei MaTepim""**. 

<Pii3HOJion(MecKHB 3KcnepiuieHT nepeHOCHT TeTe bobbc: aHajni3npyeT xpac- 
Kjr <pR3HMccKH, cooopasno rpaaaiijn; h bocxoaht k... xhmhh xpacox, 3neci, 
OTapaTejibHO BbPuieHHer oh: Mraepajiuiyio xbhhm xpacox or HtHBOTHO-pac- 
Tmejn»Hoa, h npacyTCTByeM mm npB cjiohcbhhh caimx aJieiieHTOB; Hepa3nejn»- 
mu uejiocTHOCTi. cyimu jieacxn b oprami3He; h crajio 6mti>: Hepa3n.ejn.Hafl 
IIBJiocTHOCTb KpacKH Jieaurr b opraiiH3Me: oaa — b bociiphhthh; pa3Jio«eaHe 
a CJiosceHne tpeHOMeua "b o c a p u a t h h" 3aMMKaeT cboh KpyT; (pH3HOJiornnec- 
Koe paccMOTpeHae xpacxa B03HBKaeT BTopn™o". 

JJfP niTeHaep b xapaxTepacTHKe tohxh 3peuHH TeTe pa36npaeT tjt B3rjiH- 
AU <pH3HOJiora TepHHra; h OTuenaeT: nojiaoe cosnaneHae bmbooob TepHHra 
O xapamepe BosfiyAHMOCTH ceTiaTOH o6ojio<ikh co B3rjutn,aMn TeTe". IlepBOHa- 
taJikBbiH (peHOMeu Tenepi. cboahtch k o&bHCHeaHio (peaoMeaa: npoxoxaeHae 
OBCTa aa TMie a aocjie/pieH b CBCTy (caaee, acejrroe)". 
ElyTi. ranoTerHHecKiix o&bBCHeHHH noKHayx. 



•CNS. in Band, xn. 
••GNS.ffl Band, XIV. 



43 



§ 26. Cy6MKTMBHoa ap«HM0 

HacTbm ontrr oeccoaepxaxeaeH no fl-py IttreHHepy; u • /jencr- 
BHTejibHOCTb, b hhctom onbrre, GeccoflepwaTejibHa loate; n lose — <peHOneH ,s ; 
McroAHHecKoe o6i>HCHeHiie tpeHoiieHa noACTaBJUCT iiau ycjioBHBie coAepxaHHa; 
co6ctbchho coflepwaHHe b fleficTBHTejibHOCTb BJiarae-rcH uaim, sto h ecu. 

fleHCTBHTejIBHOCTI. COOCTBCHHO. 

IlepBOHaHajibHO b3htub 4>enoj*eH — b aaHHOii CJiynae xpacxa — paanara- 
ercH TeTe b ycjioBHOcra coAepxamifl; a cuoBa cjiarae-rcH: b npo-rocpeHOMeH. 
CoAepxaHHe ero xopeHHTCJi b nflee: ero (popiia xe — (pam: npoxoacaeHHa 

CKBOSb TbMy H Ha TMtt**. 

YcTaHOBJieHHe npoTO-cpeHOueiia OTpbisaeT Teopmo Teic ot uexaHHiecxoB 
(dbshkb; BbiHBJiaeTCH ee ueirrp: oh — b 3a<pH3HHecKOii o6jiacTH; o-rroro-To cseT 
ero ecib cabbctbo: He itHOxecrao "caeioiei", ■ eaBHCiBO sto nyxoBHo: 
TaKOB — nocxyjiaT* 7 . 

Coo6pa3HO 3TOMy nocTyjiaTy a jihhhh 3KcnepHueHTa jioiiaeTCH. 

CbOB BTOpHHHJMH B03BpaT X <pB3BOJIOrHHeCKOMy paCCHOTpCHHIO KpaCKH 

3aBepinaer TeTe pa36opoii cy&bexxHBHOro 3peHHa. JJ-p IHTeBHcp xapaKTepa3y- 
ei cy6%eKTHBHyio xpacxy: y IIypxHHi»e™ h y TeTt; a xapaxxepH3yeT 3«ecb 
om>rr. 

B rjiasy BoaHHrauoT (pBrypbi; AaBJieiue BbisbiBaeT CBeiemie; npoftojixH- 
Teju>HOCTi. h neTaHop<po3y (pnryp OTiietaeT 3#ecb TeTe: oGpaayioTC* HeTbipex- 

yiOJIbHBKH, BOCbMHKOHeHHMe 3BC3flbi; H B03HHKaiOT: cmipajm, a-p niTefiHep 

xacaeTca: cyGiexTHBHoro CHBteaa b wiase h o6paam>ix oxnenaTKOB (Nach- 
bildei). 

3HaiieHaTeji&HO saeci. npH3Hamte Tcre* 9 "0 c o 6 e h h o »H3Heiieu 
nocjie-o6pa3 (Nachbild) npi nosbimeHHH ayinesnoH ax- 
tbbiioctb... J^yMaio b — . ..nyieii y np a »c iichbh ...noc- 
jie-o6pa3 mot 6bi flepxaikcx h flojibine, n bh y TpeHHefl"*. 

Onetu xe: Ha ocrpHe xeopra TeTe noflbiMae-rca nocTyaai: BuenaeTca 
AyineBHoe ynpaxHeHHe. Ho reHemecxra nociyjutT ecn. jiorHiecKHH npuyc". 

^yineBHoe ynpaxHemte npeaonpeflejiaeT Teopmo xpacox. 

A ynpaxHeHHe b 3peHHH — MeTaiiop<po3y paCTCHaa: "H hhcji a a p : 
jaxpuBaii ijiaaa h c onymeHHoS rojiosoa BOo6paxaTi> 
ce6e b cepeABHe opiana 3peuBS ubctok; hi Ha vrHOiene 
He 3acTUiaji oh ioia> — b nepBoiianajibiioM noaoGaa, ho 
KpacoiHO... H3 ero rjiy6HHbi hobuc ice sua bjihjihci. u,Bt- 
im; b — c 3ejieHi.iMH jihctbamb; 3to He 6biJiH mbcih H3 
ipipoAu: 3to GbiJiH iiseTBi <paina CTHMHtie , ho cmhhct- 
pniHue, K a K p o 3 e t k h y aoRiero. 3axpenHTb kjiiohom 6 b io - 
iq e e iBopiecTBO 6 bi ji o m h e iiesoaifoxHo; ...oho a ji h ji o c b 
6e3 ydajiH no uoeiiy ycMOTpeHHio"**. 



• GNS. IV Band, Zw. Abt. 315. 
"Ibid. 316. Das Sehen in subjektiver HinsichL 

44 



Oniem. 

He BOo6paKeHae, a 3pemie — Guoujan Mexai«op(po3a iibctob: Be boo6- 
paiMeMHB, a — HaSjuoflaeMtra <paKT; to ecn. npapo/xa <paHTa3HB SI . 
TeTe ate npaSaBJiaer: — 

— "Bbicmee pa ccm oTpe hh e... o6pa3Horo 

■ OXyccTBa 3 A e c J. aojixho b c,t y n h x b b c b o e npaio; m one?- 
Alien nait oTipiiBieici: h fl»3T... h iyflo»HHKi aojixhh 

IIIOIUII pOflBTlCH"*. 

H HaKOHeq ruurnpopMapyei: — 

— "IIo3 3hh — 3pejian Bpapo^a 1 '"**. 
— ■ To ecrfc — ■«. 

■ name raopiecTBO bxoahx npapoAa; b He b tom BOBce cmmcjic, hto 
llki noapaacaeii en b (popMOBamni; b tom hmchiio, hto — He noapaaeaeii, 

■ — HaHBHaeM csoe; b tom aiieHHO BOo6paacenBe — npapoAa, hto ajm 
xpyra boboto MHpa pacnojiaraei oho MaTepaaji h Ha hoi nenaTaex o6pa3Bi 
0Oo6pa3BO 3aKoaaM; o6pa3i>i HanenaTJieHBa — He b komGhiihuiui sjieMeinoB 
H> BHejieatamen npHpoobi; ho b BtmafleuHH o6pasoB H3 ix bckobboto 

XOpHB; KOpeHb MeT8M0pc|)03a: B03BBKaKHirHX o6pa30B; B 3TOB BTOpOH-TO 

npxpoAe, cofieiBeHHO, KopemiTCfl npapoAa; b hhx — ee o6i»acHeHBe; b nepexofle 
X bhm — nOKptiaajio npapoABi cnaflaeT; sto BTopan npapoAa — npapoAa, 
HH AaHHoa, — B£ea; MexaMop<po3a Tinea — o6i>acHeBHe cxaHOBJieiiiui 

■ 6wthh. 

B 6ypHOB TeKytecTH 6bixhh a b AHajieKTHKe jiotbkb (rerejn.), b HyscTBeH- 
■om ii a a6cTpaKTBOM Mapax — ABa oTpaHceiiHH HAeajibHO-KOHKpeTiioro 15 ; b ohb 
— paaH03HaHHw; hto aapacoBaHo TerejieM b AaajieKTHHecKofi jioraice, npo3op- 
jxmbo yBHneao TeTe — b CBoeii flonojiHHxejn»iioH (popsie. B "h y b c t b e u h o h 
sxaaKTBOB ipaflTa3ii" b b paccyAOHHoii ^amacixKC ji o - 
tlKi, Apyr ot Apyra pa3i.jrri.ie, — pncynoK h Kpacica KapxHHbi, Han a«hhoh; 
bmchho: MeTaMop<p03bi BAea. Hacb cyTt cyinecTBa: ohb AaHBi, onacyeMBi; 
coAepxaHBe MHpa — b hx jkh3iih. 

B 3tom nyBKTe ocRjia6HJica asrop muibob CBoea "Feie b T e r e ji i": no 
nosoAy napajuiejiH Meatfly TeTe h TerejieM; b no nosoAy — neTasiop(po3: BAea 

■ pacreBBB 94 . B stom caMOM ace nyiiKTe oxpesaji ce6e on b03mobchocxb flaxt 
TOJTKOBoe o&bacHeHBe opraiiHKH TeTe; h rjiaBHOe, o6t,hchhtb: npoTO-TBn; nm, 
x*x o6pa3 BAeH, othocbtch k HfleajiBHOMy MHpy; nepBO-pacxemie, ran b Mexa- 
Mop<po3e pacxeuHH, Moatex 6bixb Jibuti. cjieflCTBHeii Mexauop(po3bi BAea; ho' 
■3i>flBuni tbh B3 HAeajitHoro MHpa, aBTop eio npnjiennji... k SpeimoMy Mapy 
BBJieanB b JierKOMticjiemieHmeM cMemeHBB nepnopacxeuHH c... npoxo-tpenoMe- 
hom u ; rparn. MflpoB nepenyxaHa; xnnOBoe nonajio b Map HyBCxaeHHOro; sxhm 
CMemeHBeM asxop... AapBHHH3HpoBaji TeTe: AapBHHH3npoBaB... oxKa3ajicH bli- 
bccth cjieflcxBua; 0TKa3aBinHCi> BbmecTB cJieACTBaa, — yjienerHyji b cbm- 

■OJIX3M; B O&baBBJI HeBO3M0KHOCTB XyX XOJTKOBOrO 06'bHCHeHHH...' 6 



• GNS. IV Band, Zw. Abt. 317. 
** H3 riere-ApxHaa. 



45 



Tojibko b npaKCHce co3epnaiiHfl, b nepepaSorae 3anaBinero b BocnpHHTHe 
xojiopma, BHffaii mm npecymecTBJieHHe (peiiOMeHa b... co/tepacaHHH Hflea: 

BHjntM "t e O p H K»"" Co6cTBCHHO. 

EIojioaceHHe cpeHOMena MeTauopcpoaaMH o6pa3m.ix Bocnpiurnai Aonycica- 

eMO, HO B O/HIOM TOJTbKO CMfclCJie: MeTaMOp(|)03Z>I o6pa3BbIX BOCnpHHTHH 

b Bac poacflaioTCH 3Maaaiuien u paaorpeTOH ^yineBBocTH, to ecTi. nepsoro 
ynJiOTHeuaa MeTanop(po3bi Hflen. 

B (pH3HOJiorHHecKOM, BTopHHHOM B033peHHM Ha npeAJiexainyio Kpacxy 
caiiaa xpacxa cmmaeTCH c MaTepHaju.iu.ix npeoifeTOB h nepenocHTCH b rjia3 5 '; 

TJia3 HCXOflHT 1I&H TbMOK) paAyrofi cbohx Kpacoie: H — HJIBHeT KpaCKOK); H3-3a 
rjia3a — hojimmh caifOCBeTHnatxca caeTOHefi, npmiHnaioiUBX nenofi k yrecaM: 
liaTepHH. 

XapaKTepH3ya Teopmo IIypKHHi.e, iraineT IVre PeHHrapATy (29 iiapTa 
1821 T.): HypKHHte "B (pH3HOJIOrHieCKOM hbjichii bocxoaht 
K flyXOBHOMy CKB03I. HCHXHHeCKOe, UK HTO MyBCTBeH- 

Hoe y Hero y 6 e r a e t b caepx-HyacTBeHHO e"*°. 3xo He WHOina TeTe, 
a — My^peionniH TeTe; to ecTB no aBxopy: TeTe — yace KaHTHaHen,; ho He 
npaBAa ah: "KaHTHaHeq" TyT ooHapyaciui cboio Hecnoco6HOCT& bxoahti. — b Ka- 
HTvaHCKne jia6HpHHTbi*'; hjih xe oh oSnapyacnji ocBoSoacAeime ot hhx". 



§ 27. reTBB B3rnnfl Ha npnpofly 

3RcnepHiieHT nepenocirrcH — k MopajibHO-ncHXHHecKOH ccpepe; 

sepHee — iioaboaht k qeiiTpajiiHefiinefi TOHKe Teopna: HyBCTBeimo npeA-neaca- 

maa spacoHHOcn. ecn. aHajioran KpacKH: to ecu. KpacKa — cBepxHyBCTBeinta; 

b nepejioatenHH onbrros CTpoHTCa rpan.aqHH ohbitob; h b neS — qeirrp TeopHH. 

rpaflaipia? 

Bar OHa: — 

— 1) cjiyiaHHoe, 

2) HexaHHtecKoe, 

3) 6J)H3HHecKoe, 

4) XHMHHeCKOe, 

5) opraHHHecKoe, 

6) ncHxunecKoe, 

7) OTHnecKoe, 

8) pejoirH03Hoe, 

9) reHHaji&Hoe. 

IIpoTO-(peHOMeii npoBOAHTCH no snowy Bocxo«ameMy p*ay. 
Tax roBopHT fl-p EUreHHep: — 

— "T eopHfl k p a c o k y Tere b p a in. a - 
eici b oSjiacTH, He k a caio me H ca... oSjiacTH onpe AeJieHHH 

OOHIIII y <pH3HKOB"*. 



•GNS.m Band, XXX. ■ 

46 



B o6jiacTH pacinnpemiH Teop'im nepeceicaioT flpyr apyra. 
rpaipM^ecKn nepeceieiiHe 3,necb. 




OcBemeHHio KpacKH B nepeceqeHHOH toh o6jiac-ra nocBHioeHa xapairrepHC- 
thkb A-poM nireHHepoM. * 

IJcjioctho OTHOineHHe k npapofle y Texe; a 3kciio3huhh (pMHKO-xHjamec- 
koh KpacKH — b ikmiocthom ocBeineHHH 3tom: KpacKy Haii cjieayeT nepexHTb 

B TOH KOHKpeTHOH IiepBHHIIOCTH, KaK OHa MeflJieHHO BOCCTaBajia B C03HaHHH 

TeTe; TesHC TeTe cjienyeT coBepineimo ycsoHTb: B3aHMoa,encTBHe b 6opi.6e csera 

■ TbMbI BOCCTOHHe KpacKH; HeKae OpMy3A, ApHMaH* 1 , B KBneHHHX SpaHHBIX 

— fleHCTBHTejn,BO cuih6juici> tjtt; h KaK HeKan atpupnaH K poBb, no« yaapanH 
■x Menefi noreKJia — cBeToieHHafl Kpacxa; cbct h Tbjja — He conojioweHbi: 
cjibtw; h ne aHajm3i.i, name ae cnHTe3bi — chmbojibi: KpacKH**. 

RDhocti. TeTe cosnajia c He3a61.iBae111.111 nepnoAOM b xhmhh: fleiicTBOBaji 
JIasya3be; hobmh bsijiba Ha ropemie nocTeneHao npope3biBajica onbrraMH 
BepTOJUia, IIpHCTJieH, KaseHAHina; KaTacTpcxpHHecKH pacnaaajiacb xeopaji 
(pJiorHCTOHa". 

3to see OTpa3HJiocb na TeTe. 

OcMOTpHTejIbHOCTb, MHOIOo6pa3He OnblTOB, H306peTaTeJIbHOCTb b nocTa- 

BOBKe ycjioBHH ctbhobhtch TeTeBbiif jio3yHioii; onbrr oh npeanoHHTaeT rirao- 
TC3e; h 3a nocjie/nieio npn3HaeT — iieTOAHHecKHH, ncnoMoraTejibHbiH cmmcji; 

C OCTOpOXHOCTMO OTHOCHTCH OH K IHilteBbJUf H CMblCJIOBbIM OTTeHeHHHM H OnaC- 

jihbo npnHHi<aeT Teopan, ecra bhaht b hhx rHnoTeraHecKHH npHMbiceji; TyT 
CKJia^biBaeT: nyHKTbi nporpaMMbi n,jw HayHHOro oSiacHeiiHH; HHCTOTa omica- 
hhh (paKTa b Hen nojioaceHa npoHHo; h nocjieflOBaTejibiiocTb BocnpHHTHH aaaa 
hbjihuo, Aa6bi b TeneHHH cpaKTOB BCTaaa.no Haii o6i>HCHeHne, fla6bi b stoh 
sepKajibHon KpacTajibHocrH, hc MpaHHMOH rHnoTeTHiecKH-npHMbiuijieiiHbiM 
o6jiaKOM, BCTaBan jihk mnen: Hflea — b HBJiemoi. 

Ilpn no«xo«e k BBjiemiK) npasoiiOHHe npH3nano hii 3a B03BpaiiHM0iinni 
onbxioit; Hepa3JioacHiio — npocTenume ajieiieuTM nojryHaeii b HTore B03BpaTa; 
ajieMeHTbi DepyrcH b hx bjiuhhhh «pyr Ha flpyra HsynaeMbix b imcajie rpaaauira 

47 



3KcnepmieHTa.jn.HMX ycjiOBHH; npocTeHimie ornoiuemiH ycraHaBjniBaioTcx; yc- 
TaHaBJuraaeTCH TeieHHe ox; h nocTenemiaji cjiotkhocti. napacTaeT OTCK>/ut — «o 

TOHKH BOCCTBHHJi: HBJieHHH B OIIMTe. 

HcKyccTBCHHaH coBOKynHocxi., coBnaBina c jraJiemieM, ero o&bflCHiuia: mm 
ee Bbi3Bajra; 6ea npHMiiinJieHM mm Tenepi. MoateM "b 3 ip am," aa mnenm 4 *; 

B CailOM B033peHHH HTeHHe. 

B o6julcth nepeceHemiJi cbocto c HWOTOHHaHCTBOM TeTe oco6eHBo ocTopo- 
wch; ocropoateH — bhjioti, «o aKTHBHocni; ob HanaHaeT npoTHBHTfccx; npoiHB- 
jieme nepexoflHT b nojiemnty c mnoTeTHHecKHM npHuticJtbM, HapymaioiiniM, 
xax ayjiacT oh, ochobhoh ero iieTO«HHecKHH jioayHr: iHCTOTy TewHMX (paKTOB. 

JS,-p IIlTeihiep nepexoflirr b ceM nyHrre k xapaKTepHCTince TeTeBOH KpHTH- 
kh; x 3a hum cjieayio. 



§ 28. BoapaiKSHtM r*T« HbioTOHy 

IIoCJie-HMOTOHOBO BpCMB HBHJIO Hall ynjIOTHeHHe HMOTOHHaHCKMX 

Teopma; TeaeBaJi hx 3M6jieMaTHKa Ciena poflHHy oTpaweHBH; TaK caMaa xpac- 
Ka, or6poaniiim tern. (KOJie6amie) — pacnjnoinHJiaci. noa. MaTepHajn,Hi,iMH 
y^apaMH b TeHfc... — KOJie6aHHB. 

TaK 6ujia pa3-beAeHa KpacKa MexaHiweCKOH 31,161,10: — 

— "HcKaweHHe 
yieBiiHixiiOHi Haniaoci nocjOJiiKy, nocioaiKy chmbo- 
jim, KOTopwMH oh HOJii.30BaJiCJi — ijmtypw, JiyHH, oc- 

MticjiHBa JiHCb... b... rpy6o-itaTepHaJiHCTHHecKoii cMMCjie"*. 

Ho eme njiaieBHee npeBpaia.einie Hmotohoboh rpacpmca bbtodom 
b "cKpu6iKy". 

HoflHepKHyTO A-poii nfreHHepoM: "chucjiobo h" ottchok Baecjuc-TaKB 
b Hmotohobm Teopeiibi; h cosHaHHe jiacc noHecJio AHHaMH3M b cmmcjiobom 
3TOM BHfle; npOTHB 3Toro-TO oneHKa h onoaiaeTCH c TeTe oh, OTiienaH, "no 

B HOJieUHKe C HMOTOHHaHCTBOM He OffHHOKHM 6mJI TeTe, a HHXOflHJlCB B COMJ3e 

c 3HaMeHHTeHHnm 3fcnepoM (1703 — 1783) h rpynnoft CTopoHHHKOB 3ajiepa, 

XOXB H CTOpOHHHKOB *KOJie6aHa 6", HO HC .. "H I. K) T O H O B M x' W . IIpOTHB- 

JieHHC TeTe TyT He 6mjio npOTHBJieHMeM "flaaeiaHia-noaia" Tpe3BOcraM 
HayHHUX a6crpaKiniM, He o6iieKaeMMM b HaxypcpmiocotpcKiie 6yKjm; socxitma- 
HCH repinejieii" u <DpeHejieM 4 », c KOToptm oh ace ace He 6wji cowiaceH, 

— HayHHyio nocTanoBKy BonpocoB yiieji iuaiHTi, TeTe. 

IIo OTHOIHeHHK) K HMOTOHHaHCTBy OH 6wJl Ce|».e3HMM npOTHBHHKOM; H BOT 

— KpaTKoe pe3H)Me npOTHBJieHHH. 

Orpy6eBajin Hmotohobm chmbojim b cmi.icjiobi.ix yiuioTHeHHHX, paanaraa 
CBB3HOCTH Meatfly cbctom h KpacKoio b HyBCTBeHHo-peajn>Hfcrii npou.ecc; yjieTy- 
HHBajiacb HfleajitHaa SHaHHMOCTi., TaK hto Texesbi ynpex* hohbthm: 3acHjrae 
pauHOHajibHOH MexaHHKH b MeTa-MexaHHHecKOH iacra ohthhcckhx npeflCTas- 



• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 6. 

48 



Jiemrir** ■ cmmcjiobom ynJioxHekm nmoxea thhccjiiijio cBOOoay Teiemui 
MenpeAB3JTTOTO onura; "nexaii<ieciie ochoboiiojio *«bii" 
• priori, o«eB iiacxH cyuntocxeii, aaxynaHHJiH o6jiacxn, rfle, corjiaCHO 
rpaAainm r«rre, MexaHmca xepxex caofi rojioc; b ynopxflOHeHHOH coBOxymiocxH 
HHCXO OHXHieCKHX <paxxoB MexaHHHecKH-npioii,iinJieHHO-npHCTaBJieHHi,iH 
rojioc BHBTHOMy o&fcxcHemno iiptnaxcxBOBaJi. rexeporeHHoe ooincneHHe 
npn noMOQH MexaHHMecKHX npadllpioB k dMMHOJioraiHecxoH oniHKe" 
KopeuBTCH b ion, «rro CBeT, xpacxH ■ xwia 3Aecb nami b Bocnpmim; 
npKJioxerae nocxopomiero npHMbicJia eme npeatfleBpeneHHo; Hapymaexcx 
3tbm ecTecrBeHHO jiexaioax rpam»; npHMiiinJieHHe nraoxexHiecxpii cb»3h 
x uenx HyBCTBeHHMX ajieiieHXOB flonycTHMO npa Hym^raeHHoii aaHHoc-ra 
pararreiibHO scex ajieaieirroB; tojimco c HyBCiBeHHO-HaSjiiOflaeiiMii KOJie6aHneM 
Aonycxaena xpacxa b cflHopuAHo-CBJMHofi uemi; ho MyBCTseHHtix KOJie6amui 
■ Her b xojieoaiiux, naif CJiararoinHX xpacxn; crajio 6&rrb: xojieoaBHS 
npammuueii w; huotohuuictbo — BHyTpH BocnpHB-nui; ho x HeMy npH- 
oraBJUKT oho — rxnoTeniHecKHH rap. 

3to 3HaHHT ho Texe: Maxepmo npxno;nurn. pfciiaroii". 



f 29. Tmxm m HayMHan ohtmkb 

yBaacaenbm aaxop Tyr Tene cnxxaex uauBHi>ei; npnSeraHiie K <pH- 
rype "BaiiBOCii" He TOJiKOBoe o6ixcHeHite, a — hmchho: npaoeraHHe; 
npn6eraHiie b 3xom cjiynae — Serciao; oco6chho, ecjra Terre mi»i jimShm, a oh 
— roaopxx Han: — 

— "H e BOo6paataio n o ce6e Hiiero oihocitc- 
jikHO cfleJiaHHoro iihon xax noaioii... Ho hxo b ipy«Hofi 
Hayxe ieopii xpacox b MoeM aexe h oahh 3aan iojix,- — bot 
ia 3io ce6x a qeHwr coaaaio npeHjay me cxb o nepe« mhoth- 

mh"*". 

— TeTe 

npocsrr Hac: BHHKBHxe, o6paTHTe BHmtaHHe Ha aexajiH mohx oGcyatfleHM. 

A aBTop? 

OxaojioxHyBimi x xyjitxype juooiuioe AexmHe TeTe, oh b flexajiii He bxoahx, 
mojihhx; h ox npeMeHH flo speiieHH aeflHx: — 

— 'Texe mot... (6yflyun nt>> 
npipofte eBoeft... flajiex ox jiothxo- Maxell axniecxax npo- 
CKUBi)...ian h 3«eci. neaepHO B3rjiaHyxi» na n aHHbie"...** 

— "HI x e h h e p 
o6pyinxBaexcH npom... 4>h3hkh, b m n b h r a h... npoMaxu 
Teie"..."* 



•GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 331. 
•• PoI\ 133. 
•*• Pof. 67. 



49 



ELycn. 6m oh o6i»hchbji, b "mm niieuHO npoaaxa: in concieto, b «eTa- 
jihx; h 3THM 6u corpeji Juo6iuioe neimnfi Tere — peaju,Hi>iM k Heay oxaouieHB- 
eii. Texe aepj, npocax aac: — 

— "He BooSpaacaio o ce6e nmero... Ho 
a ipyflHoi Hay ice... Pa3Be mm Be ooaaaHbi, HanHcasmn 'TeTe a (paaaiea", 
paga TeTe o (paaaKe Tere ay xon» hto-joi6o bi>uiojibhti>. 

Ho asTop 6opMOiex: "Box ywe hciio cjiobho aaxatpaaaHec- 
Koe"*; a eme 6opiio<iex: "cBoeo6pa3aaji "<pH3HKa"**. 

Heyacena ace? 

Bee. 

JJ-f mxeaaep boh tobopbt: — 

TeTe He xonei ocraBaTfcCH b aaaiiaocTa; oh uiy6oxo, noApoSao ocseAOMJieH 
o TeieHua omviecxax npeflcraBJieHaa; a — BCTasjieao TexeBO cjiobo b Torflain- 
aee HMOToaaaacxBo; Hanpaaep: acxoAH a3 npanuaaoB obxbkb, 3aKjnoHaji 
Hmotob o HeB03M03KHOcra KOBCxpyKoaa aacxpyiieaxoB, npoa3BOAKinBX HBJie- 
aae npejioMJieaaa" 6ea noHBJieaaa KpacoHHbix rpaaea; aacxpyifeHXbi ace 
ooaapyxeau 6mjib; a Texe ae nponycTBJi 6e3 bhhhbhbh stox cpaax: noflnepK- 
Hyji ero a otmcthji; oxoasajica xoxnac a BbHteji — flajn.Hemrme cjieacTBHH 51 ; 
Tax no Mepe b03MO»hoctb oa Bee npejioMJum b cbc«b op6aTe; a caMaa op6axa 
axa, npejiOMJiHHci., rpaaajiaci>; b csexe ee o6t>hchhmi>i AeacxBaxe.ra.Bo (paKTopti 
MexaaanecKoa <pa3BKa; o6i»hchhmo a imoroe, hto npa3HaexcH jieacainaii BHe ee 
o&biicHeHaa; aanpaMep: cneKTpajn.Hi.ia aaajiB3, xapaKTepaayeMMa apito b «y- 
xe Texesbix yxBepxAeaaa o csexe; b aHxepecaeBumx komm eHTapaax o k p o a - 
a (p jiHHT-r Jiace", nepeu aam booihm npoHBHJiaci, jiio6obi> k TexeBoa 
"cp a 3 a h e c k o a" mbicjih. 

TeTe npocax aac o bbbb aaaa; a A-p nixeaaep — saaMaex; ho BHaMaaae axo 
HesBaaaiouniH aBxop o6paniaex tojibko b... — "tapaa" npoxas (|>B3BKa, 
a BblXOABX, hto "h k K) t o h a a h c t b o" — 6e3rpeinHO. 

Meatfly xeii: — - 

He 6e3rpemaa a caitaa xexaasa HMOTOHBaacKoro oDfeflcaeHBH fleTajiefi... 
npa noMoma KOJie6aaaa; MHoiae as Aexajiea oiBeprayxBi KjunireHCTtepHOM 

— b 18 Beice; aexoTopue aa flerajiea OTBeprnyTBi coBpeMeHaocxuo; kbk to: 
aeaaBBcaiia ox npejioiuieaBH aepw Mtepa apacoHHoa hjiockocth — sonpeKa 
nojioxteBBXt Huoxoaa; a — xax flajiee, flajiee. 

IlepeiieHHHB xexaaMecicaa cmbicji m>K)ToiiHaHCTBa; nepeMea^BB a xexHa- 
Hecxaa CMiicji MBorax rexeBMX yxBepxAeHaa — b o6paxHyio CTopoay; oa 

— 3HaHBxejn>Hea, TOHbine a raSie, MeM 3to npaaHTO AyaaTi.: b Hero Ha«o 

BOBTB. 

AsTop ae bxoabx. 

Ysaataa npaaHaaae Texe o xoa, ieii 6fcuia ajih Hero ero "«p a 3 a k a", fl-p 
niTeaaep ntrraeTCH b ee Ayxe a flyiiaTi.: oxxoro-xo oa yxoAax b fleTajiH, hto ohb 
bch — ACTajia; b apxareKTOHaKe scex ee iiejncorpaHaocTea csexaT uejioe 



•PoI\ 126. 
•• Pof. 127. 



50 



orpoif aeihneii mucjih; aGcTpanqlyjici. ot "cjihidkom tpn3HHecKHx" tohko- 
ctch, Mil, KOHeiHO, o ufijiou Be BbiCKaaceM HHiero, KaK... HBin BBTOp. 

Bcjiefl 3a A-poii UlTeHHeptoM sjieraHTHbifi aBTop c-rpeKoneT haotomhboio 
"c k p h 6 h k o h": — 

"y KOp B OTBJieieHHOCTH, KOTOpblH MOT 

ACJiaii HbioTOHy r e * e , 3 b y h h t h 3 ycT ffliei- 
aepa iojiiio k y p & e 3 k^ HIieBEepy, fla eqe Bflo6aBOK 
6 e 3 ocoSeHHofl h a xo ipintiu (160 b e a >> oh He b bi h a in h - 
Baji, nonoGio TeTe, cboch, bikcm ue npmiHMaeMOH 

■ CipaCTHO JIH>6nMOH TCOpiIl) CepflHTLCH H rjiaBHOC HeffO- 

yHCBaii... — KaK- to He k jiHH.y"*. •-». 

JJ-p nLreHHep b perynm nOApo6HOCTen ohchsjihct TeTesy Mbiciib, na TaK 
oxHBJineT, hto xbicjtb 3tb ocaemaeT HBJieHHH, He ocBeinemibie TeTe; b Hefi 
cbcthtcs h jihhhh <Dpay3Hro(pepa h, KaK yBH/jHM Mil, aHiejibi b Hefi BeflyT 
pa3roBop; TaK hto fl-py IIlTeHHepy OAymeBJieHHe — k jumy. 

Bojiee He k jmqy iiyppoBapeHHe no aapecy TeopnH TeTe y aBTopa; oh ee 
KopoTKOio (ppasow nposojioK no KyjiiTypti; Tan, He ooihchhbiiih KyjibTypofi, 
Kyjn.TypoS... — nponjnonnui. 

YHHxaeT jib fl-p IIlTeHHep Hmotohh? » 



§ 30. MexaHMu,H3M 

B 1670 rofly Sbijth H3Jio»ceHbi B3rjiH,«bi Ha onraKy — Hcaaxoii 
HbWTonoii". 

BoKosaa jihhhh b (pramce BbiiepTHJia ropraoHTbi orapbrnui; b hhx no- 
AbiMajicB oTHe-rjiHBO "m e x a h a h e c k h fi" HosbiH Cbct"; nepeBepHyjiHCb 
KOMnacbi: h yBJieieHae MexaHHKOH crrajio Monpio nepefloabix iuiobiiob Mbicjra; 
CJieayeT npocjiejnrrb 3ry Mojry, TaK aca3aTb, b ee status nascendi". OHa 
cjiarajiacb jjbohko: b Kbicjux h b onbrre; Mbicjra Te onepeflHJtH xon onbnoii, 
onbrrbi nojiarafl h onbrrbi 3aBepmaH; dnuiocotpcKaji Mbicju. 6bijia p r i u s ' o m*° 
MexauHHecKOH Mbicjm; h <pH3HieCKnii om.iT 3aBepinaJicx b post-factu m" 
iiexaHHKx; Mbicjib, nocjie-onbrrHO npmibiniJiHflCb, flo-onbrnio saMbiiruinjiacb 

B TO BpeilB: <pHJIOCO<pHHMH ^CKapTa, ClIHH03bi; eCTeCTB03HaHHe npoHHuajiH 3TH 

B033peHHx; h uayKa flo-onbnno, mojkho CKa3aTb, Haflbunajiacb: MexaHHHecKHii 
B03Ayxon; inteT junta ee h3mchhjich; H3-Mbiux>ieHHfl CKa3biBaJincb 
■ b npH-MbiinjieHHflx k onbrry; (pHJiococpHx Ha iiexaHmce naneiaTajiacb; 
HeHCKopemuiO BJtHBajnicb Ten cxbicjioBbie ottchkh (o6paTHbie nocjie-HWOTOHO- 
Bbm, npaB^a); OHTmca b 3TO BpeifH cjiarajiacb a HayKy. <I>HJioco<pim BjmBajia 
b co3HaHHe MexaHHnecKHH B3rJUA Ha npnpoay; npHpoflOBefleime b onbrrax 

H MOflejlHX OTHeKBHHJIO 31 OT B3TJIBAi BO npHHUMIIbl B3rjIHfla, nepenaHBIHHCb 

b HeKauKe, nepesepHyjiH ciibicji B3rjun.a b o6paxHyio cropoHy; (pHJiococpim 



•Por. 113— 114. 

51 



tcexaHH3MOB, nocTpOHH iiaimiHLi, npecymecTBHJiacb iiaimiuoii; n — ciajia: 
(pujioccxpacB ot ifamHHbi*'; mi>icjij>, KpimraecKii npeAec-nraiipyji uexaHH3ii, 
b napoBoif KOTJie Hasapajia b aeTepMHHH3M ce6.a caiioe: posKfleHHeii 113 KOTJia 
■ m5ejEbK)... b xojioflHJBbnHKe. Tax hto cjieAyeT 3Aect otmctbti.: MexaHBHecKnii 
B3TJIHA Ha npapoay ao-hmotohobb Bpeiieim tpHJiocotpcKOiiy pacnmpenmo ue- 
xaHHKB 6biJi b MOTHBe o6paTeH. SHeprHHHeninHM o6pa30M A-p nTreBiiep noflne- 

pKHBaeT 3TOT IpaKT: MeTOABHeCKBB MexaRH3M (pHJlOCCKpHH OTAeJiaeT OH OT... 

— AorMaTa3iia MexaHBKB. 

BOT HTO BH CKa38HO: 

— MexaHHHecKira B3rjUA Ha npapoAy B03HHKaji, 
co6cTBeHHO, ajih OTflejieHJW Ayxa, ajih cnaceiiaa Ayxa ot ero yHaiaaceHHH 
npupoAoio; no cymecTBy, hbt rpaHBu>i newfly npapoAoa 11 nyxoii; ho pac- 
nopaAOK npupofflu b Ayxa b KaTeropBajn.Hi.ix otacjibhocthx BbipacTaeT H3 
cnoco6a pacciioTpeHBJi caimx (paxTos; HeoSxoAmiocTi. 3Toro ceMHaAuaTtiii Bex 
oco3Haji, nojiaraa npnpoAy OTaejcuao h mi>icjib ee 6e3AyxoBHo"; crpbfi pejinra- 
osHbix HaTyp (xak to, Eobjii.) nojioaceHmo STOMy BTOpHJi; iiexaHHini 3m cjiaraji- 
ca h poc. 

Jlpa TeneHBB noAHHuaiOTCfl b <pH3nxe h HbMTony npeAinecTByioT M ; 
BO-nepsbix: bjibbbhc HTajtbaHues — ToppHHejum h TajnuieH; H3 axaAeMHH, 
o6pa30BaHHOB bo Qjiopemnm, pacnpocTpaiiHioT B3UIHAI.I nocjieflnero — Apy- 
3bH rajiajiea; a — BO-BToptix: Kenjiep, Kapxep, JJexapT, — to ecu. tppau- 
ny3bi B Henin>i — noAMiiaiOT cbob rojioc. 3se3Ay Ahtjihh 3aHcaraeT Hmotoh. 

Ahtjihh: ao Hero — b opeojie (bpaimy30B; KapTe3HaHCTBO* s pacnpocrpaHJieT- 
ca 3Aeci>, b paABRajibHO MeHaeTca 3Aeci>; ciHiqenbi c Hero Bee icpBTaiecKa 
yTOHHeHBB iibicjni, KaK b Bee yTOHHemifl MBicjnj paHee iiapaBinero ApncTOTejia 

— b rpySoBaTeBinen (popMajiasMe, yGHBawmeai see. 

ToHKaa pa3pa6oTKa B033peHim MexaHHUH3Ma bo OpaHUHH nepepoacAaeTca 
b ajiHnoBaTOCTfc': ^jexapT orpaiianeH. MHoroe TcuutyeTCH b Ahtjihh orpaHaneH- 
ho, b nepeBepHyTOM BBAe; xoth 6m: "nullius in verb a" BCTOjncoBaHo Tax, 
hto c "verbis" HAeajmaM ynpa3AuaeTCa: noHBa una MaiepaajiacTBHecKax 
aGcrpaKiniB noATOTOBjieHa cthm; HiMTOiiaaiiCKBe chmbojim HeasGeacuo noaTO- 
My b cmi.icjiobi.ix aocTpaxuHHX pa3AyBaioTCH MaTepnajibHo; a a. Teopuu cseTa 
x cmj.icjiobi.im oipyGjieHHBii call Hmotoh noAaji noBOAti; Bce-Taxa A-p UlTeB- 
nep AeJiaeT 3Aea» OTMeTxy: 1) crpoH Hmotohobi.ix npeACTSBjieHflii rpacpHieH 66 ; 
2) can Hmotoh "np o t bbbjich npoTBB rp y6 o-Haiepn a jibctb- 
lecioro BCTOJixoBaHBH r p a (p a 3 m a". Tax xoMnjiexc MexamtHecKBx 
npcAcraBJieHBa, pa3Jiaraaci> b (popuajiH3M, b nycTOTy acnapaeT BAea a cacaMa- 
ercx komom MaTepaajiBCTBHecKax AomaToa; 3tot "k o m" BnocjieACTBHB npa- 
hoahochtch: b coocTBeHHOM BBAe h b npBBKyce; npasxyc "k o 11 a", co6cTBeimo, 
onacHee "k o m a"; BcnapeHaa npasKyca, nosacaa HaA Haiii hcbhabmo, b xaac- 
Ayio MBHyTy cnoco6m.i b cbo«m ajiorHHUOM cjioateHHH OTsepAeTB a... ynacTB Ha 
saTMJioK: noAo6aen MojiemoTTa 6 ' FeTe CHBTaeTCH npaBKycosi: npasxycoM cthm 
nojieiraxa ero pa3orpeTa. 



52 



§ 31. Othoumhm* k rfaMy ft-pa tllTetiHepa 

XapaKTepHCTHKa ycTaHOBHJia, <rto — 

— npapofla h flyx ■> — KaTeropmi; 

— "oflyxoTBopeHiieii 
npipoflu GoaJiHCb HaTypajiJaoBaii flyx"*, 

%| — no KaHTa 6mji B3TJUA Ha 

npoSjiuiaraHHOCTb MexaaHKH; 

— "c (popMyjiami, k a k 
c... cyTBM, Mbi He flOJiatHBi o n e p a p o b a t i."**. , s 

HiH)TOH<}BI.I (popnyjlbl TO- 

JIMCO CUMBOJIM. 

— HaJiHHHOCTB npo6jieMaTH3- 
Ma uexaBHKH b xapaKTepHcmxe A-pa nhenHepa ycTaHOBJieHa nponHo; h ycra- 
HOBJieHo: npo6jieMaTH3U KopeHHTca b anpnopHsiie dohhthh: — 

— "P a n o m c 
KexauHioi aiinnpHHecKOH... cy mecTay eT nexaHiia pai|H- 

OBajILHai, KOTOpaH, HCXOflH... H3 n p H p O fl bl MexaHHMecKHX 

ocHOBonojioweHHH a priori, buboaii neo6xo aihocii aa- 
kohob"***.— 

— TaK lOBopm fl-p HlTeHHep; a nepexoHHT: k BCKptrraio iiexa- 
HHHecKHX xaieropHii y KaHTa; HajuroaocTi. orpaHHiHTejitHOH jiuhiui — tco- 
pemKO-nosHaBaTejibHbQi MexammMii — onim-TaKH Hajmiio. 

Abtop we, Bonpexn rpaflamiH siexaHHHH3iia ^exapTa, Hmotohb h KaHTa, 
6jincTaer HaBeToii: — 

— "H Tax, DI t e h h e p He nofloapeflaei o b o 3 - 
moxhocth KpaTHiecKoro MexaHHiiH3M a"; noaioiiy noeT 
xsajiy TeTe"****. 

BeJiBKOJienHeHmee "h t a x"; oho — npiiToaopHoe. 

BejiHKOJienHeamee "»ta x", ipfi same "t a k"? 

CipaHimeio panee: — 

— "IIlTeHHep gnaei... 10JILK0 iiexaHHiiHsii 
^py6wfi''•••**. 

To ecn>, Bbi — yTBepacfleHHe? 

06sHaeHHe nonpocTy rojiocjioBHiia, — He ycTaiiaBJiHaaeT HHiero, ho ot- 
CMJiaei x cTpaHHiie: 196-il hs GW. 

196-* CTpaHHiia KOHiaeT rjiaBy, b xoTopon H3JiaraioTCH B033peniiH Ten: 
Ha crpaHHiie ace HanenaTaHa acero OflHa <ppasa, Ha3BaHHaa paccyjKAeiuieii 
"no noBOfly iiexaHHiecxoro npe/iCTasjieHH h"; bot — cppa- 
aa: — 



•GNS. IV Band, E. A. 226. 
•• GNS. m Band, 430. 
•••GNS. I Band, LXXHI. 
••••Por. 133. 
•••••PoI\ 132. 



53 



— Teie nocTOJifcKy o6pmaeici k yexaBiiecim npe«- 
ciiBJieBiiK, nocKOJitxy sio euy 3anoBe«aHO... eaSjiMfle- 

Hlt«". 

KaK — ace? 

T«e we "p a c c y x « e h ■ e", H3 KOToporo xBCTByeT axpirrxHecKiiH Mexa- 
Hnpuii? Mexaame «-p HlTeHHep nocBHinaeT CTaTMo"; H3 ero pa36opa Oct- 
Bunaa, Knpxroipa, Tejiuirojiuia inraero Taxoro He HBCTnye-r; H3 xoMMeHTapHH 
k TCKCTaii HBCTByeT npHBefleHHaa xapaKTepacTHKa: Mexami(H3Ma xpirnraec- 
Koro h MexaHmiH3Ma HaraHoro; h b CTaTte, h b KOMMeBTapnnx k TeKcry 
AeHCTBHTejiBHO paccywfleBHH aaneHaTaaw; Ha 196-h cipaHime "G W." paccyw- 
neatdk h«: ecn. — xopoTKax (ppasa. Meaay Tesi oSsHHeHHe CTpoHTcx aa 
yTBepatfleBHH, OTCMJiaeMOM k <ppa3e, HaasaHHOH "p a c c y at a e b h e m" h ii3Jia- 
ruomeH TeTe (npM ttu A-p HlTeHHep?), — oho K03bip& rjiasti: "B ■ t a ji u a m, 
3BoaH>KHOHH3M,HexaHHi(H3M h Heiofl r e t e"; K o6BHHeHHH) CTCKa- 
eiCH nepBiDa "S"" h ot Hero 6pocaeTcx Ha ace n&sixaeumue nyHmi hhk- 
pHMHHaiQiOHHbtB pe<pjicirrop. 06BmieHHe xc 3aocTpnjioci. b "man": 
"■Tax"— BMflepHyToe apeieojiie; 6ojn»inaHCTBO oSsHHesHH — "naioiu" 

(H3 HtSKH, flOJIWHO 6uXI., B0306H0BJUH0mefi B naMHTH MHOW"); yTOMJIHeT 

ooajnie ax; npocxo He 3Baeun>, tio aeJiaTi,: oToscioay jie3e-r "h t a k": raeJiecTe- 
bhc, cxpBneHHe HenpxxTHeihnmi ckbo3iihhkom Ha6eiaeT ■naTaTejiio b yxo, 
CJiaraaci. b Huenxi, apxHTexTOHHHecxH aeflypHwe, npa ycjioBHH, «rro «orra- 
Teju. b noHHMaHHH "npoSaeM" TyroBaT, b «-pa TH-reHHepa He yrJiySjuwiCH, 
ROHeHBO, h nawoiiy 3apa3HM rouepniecKHM xoxotom b npoHHMH aTpja6yTaMH 
MHipOJiorHH; nepeA hhm 6ajiyeTca aBTop; h Ha npmiHBax jiyxasoro 6ajiOBCTBa 
npaBBT lejni k wMpojioreiie: x Uraiee. 



§ 32. CaaToaasi MaTaifwiaMica TaTe 

XapaKTepHCTHKa cbctoboh Teopaa Tete ee Bbnxocirr 3a rpaaii 
npHpofloaefleHHH HaioHX AHefi; xapaxTepHCTHxa stb rjiacin: ueHrp TeopHH Tere 
HfleajniCTHHHO-KOHKpeTeH; laxoTOHHaa a6cTpaKnua HenoHjrrofi (pHJiococpeitbi 
IIjiaToaa h pacKajieHHO-cyxaa paccyAOHHOcri. ApHCTOTejiesa eAHHCTBa y hoa- 
jiRBBbix ApHCTOTejiH h IIjiaTOHa nepecexaeMbi b KOHxpeTHOCTH TeTeafcrx Hfle- 
ajracnraecxiix nocTpoeHHH 7 *; b Kopue eflHHtie, ApacTOTejn., Tere, IIjuitob, 
x paaHOo6pa3HOMy oopamaioT B033peHim; pa3HOo6pa3HM ix HHTepecu; 
h o4>opiuieHHe HHTepecoB pa3HOo6pa3HO y hhx; Kopeni. hx b KOHxpeTuociH 
BAeajm3iiOB cpaCTaeTCH; y OAHoro nojioaceBa itp,ca b HBJieHne, y Apyroro n«eji 
b HBJteBHH apiata"; oahh ppyiouy npeAHMCTByeT b ero B033peaHH Ha xpacxy' 4 ; 
Apyrofi cKJioHaeTCH nepe« Tperaiif ; Bee Tpa — a oaiioh jihhhh; Miioroo6pa3iu.iM 
pa3pi>iBai< HAefi — b HBJieaini h bohhthh, b MaTepHH h ocHose, b mbicjih 
h onbrre, b pauHOHajiH3Me h MaTepHajmsiie — npoTHBonocTaBJieHti Tpoe: Teie, 

IIjiaTOH, ApHCTOTejU.. 

•GW. 196. 

54 



B CBeTOBOH TeopBB TeTe Hflen '(cBe-r) bo BceoGmeit (cBeHeHim) ckbo3ht Ban 
b HBjieHHH (xpacoMBOcn). B npoHHKHOBemiH mli, no «-py IIlTeHHepy, Hioeii 
■BJiCHiie, b Kcrropoii "h m SecxoHtiHoe nocmraeii bohcthhv"*. 

KaKoe ace npoHHXHOBeHHe pacKptiaaeT Hfleio b HBJieHim? 

JJ-p IHreHHep Haii OTBeiaeT: — 

— "II poHiiBOiCEie CHiiojimec- 
K de""", 

Chmboji no fl-py IIlTeHHepy? 

Oh He — 

"H m e T flJIB H B JI e H H H «t y B C T - 

seHHoro BbipaacenHH b dohhthh p a ccy flK a"***. 

BbipaaceHHe b hohjithh paccyflKa ecn> ajuieropHfl. 

— "A JiJieropaiec- 
xoe ot chmbo jiHiecKoro ciporo OTflejiseTc b TeTe"****. Bceo6- 
inee (universalia), coeflHHjnom.ee Hfleio c HBJieHHeii He b hohhthh paccyflxa, ho 
b pa3yne, to ecn> b Kpyre noHXTHH, sjrfjieiiaTHSHpyeT chmboji, to ecTb flaeT Han 
TeopHK)". 

Tax xaxoe ace 3HaHue ecn. aHaHHe o BceoSineii b hbjibhhh? 

J^-p DlTeHHep Han oTBeiaeT: — 

— 3aaaie o Bceo6mcM b iBJieHii 
fla* reie ecTi Meia^HsiiKa"*"", CBeTOBaH TeopHH TeTe, onpefle- 
jnuiaH b TcpMHHax xapaKTepHCTHKH, flaHHOH Haii fl-poii m-ieH- 
HepoM: — * 

— 1) b Hflpe — OKxyjiBTHMHa; 

2) b rpaflauHH, to ecu. Kpyre iiohhthh, — 330TepH<nia; 

3) b universalia rpa/nunni — MeiaipiaiiiHa; 

4) BHyrpH Kaatfloro H3 rpaflan.HOHHi.ix paflOB — MeioaitHa, 
paccyflOHHa. 

To ecTB OHa: njriopajiHcnraaa (rpaflauHOHua), flyajuiCTHHHa (330- h 3k- 

aOTepHHHa); TeopeTHHeCKH MeTalpHSHHHa (ifOHHCTHHHa) H CHMBOJHIHHa, KOHK- 

peTHa (aHTpono-co<pH«ma). 

II ji 10 p o-fl y o-m OH3H OTMenaeT ee. 
OHa MeTOflHHHa: — 

— fleBBTi. lieTOAOB ee ofleBawT h hs Hee BucexaioT: 
fleBHTi. thhob HecoH3Mep»Mi>ix flpyr c flpyroit 

nOHHTHH, BtWBJIHeMBIX H3 3TOrO 06jieHeHHH 

(XpoifaTHiecKHH npaxcHc). 



♦GNS. m Band, 321. 

**GNS.m Band, ibid. 

••♦GNS. HI Band, ibid. 

••••GNS. m Band, ibid. 

•••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 369. 



55 



Oh a netaijiiiiiEa: — 

— fleaHTB thdob iiohbthh co6npai0Tcx mohhcth- 
HecKHif aeBHTmcpyjKbeif cacTeicbi (ApxHTex- 

TOBHXa). 
Om SlOTCpilHi: — 

— fleBHTHKpyatae, Bpau^aacb Apyr b flpyre, Kaacnoe 

M3 CBOHX nOOBTHH npOBOAHT HO BCUI nOUHTHHM 

Bcex b abm»chhb AaHHkix xpyroB; h Hosi»ie 

BfclCeKBIOTCH CMblCJLbi; B KaHCAOM nOHBTHH npO- 

bcxoaht HenpepbiBHoe HapacTaime oibicjia: aie- 

TaM0p(pO3a nOHBTHB (XpouaTOCCMpHH). 

Obi okk y jiiTH HHa: — 

— HapacTauHe, npeBpameinie h B3aHifHoe npe- 
jiOMJieme ckmcjiob coenHHfleTCH b insaipe: 
neHTp 3tot — "«yxoBHoe oko" (AnTponoco- 

IpHfl). 

Tax OHa bmumbht ■ rpaBaipm fl-pa DlTeHHepa, xapaxTepH3yenoH raxe. 
K He* nu BepHeuca. 

yxaxcaeMMi axrop npHsnaeT ikii^iiiiibogtl TeopHB cseTa y Tt- 
Te", coHCTaHHe ac "n ji m p o-a y o-m o h r 3 m" npHSHaeT oh yCJioBHeit cm- 
b o ji m 3 m a™, to ecu. oh c A-po»» IHreHHepoM cosnaAaeT cjiobccho: /janee oh 
Teopno cma He onpeflCJiaeT hhkbk, a fl-p HlTeHHep yxo/nn — b nerajia 
TeopHB h Aaei: TOinyio cpopiiyjiy paa/jejieHitfl Teopra Hmotohb h Tere. 



§ 33. Qopiiyna pa3A8fieHMn HbtoTOHa h TeTS 

Bot 3Ta (popnyjia: 

TeTeBO ocsemeHBe upas/poo, HAea-rracTHHHo, KomcpeTiio; Hi>h>tohobo asho 
b 3if6jieifa-nnecKOH (popityjie iiexaHHiecKoii rpa<J>Hxn. 

&H3HKO-itexaHHHecKHe KaTeropHH Halt pacyiOT CHCTCMy npHpo/ju, rAe ana 
— MexaHH3M; Tereso B033pemie Tyr AaeT: ACBHTb xpyros ocsemeHHH, to ecu 
CHCieMy HayK, b oahom xpyre KOTopofi npnpoAa Bsara nexaHH3MOM; b stom 
xpyre Hmotohobo ocsemeHHe xpacxH /jonyiqeHO. 

Hepa3B£jD»HaB aejiocTHOCTt CHCTeMaTHHecKoro ocBeiqeHHB pa3apo6jieHa 
b ocBein,emra HMOTOHHaHCXoii; aP<>6hti> — noHHTne paccyaxa; noHHTHe 3/jeci. 
6epeTCB bhc xpyra: 3K30TepH^H0 noHHTHe. B ocBein.eHHH see TeTe MHoropa3- 
jniMHe noHXTKH, b MHOroicpyauui ax co3AaKtnn« mctoaob, npejiowuio rpaAaini- 
efi, crpoxuRtH MHOroKpyacae; h — (pHJiococpHHHO oho: "3 a e c t Bciynaei 
(p H ji o c o <p", rosopHT n-p IIlTeHHep, "...oh oxiaiuiaei npo-ro-cpe- 
bomciiu h onjieiaei h x... HAeaJituow cbui 10"; MeTaitop<po3a 
noHBTHH yacHHCT eABHCTBO ipaffauHH; noHHTHe BCTynaeT 3Aea> b hchboh xpyr h, 
yjicHxxcx b xpyre, craHOBHTCB 330TepnHecKHn. 

OcBCmeHHe HMOTOHHaHCKOe, 6y/jyHH 3K30TepHHHJ.IM, yCJIOBHO; TeTeBO, oc- 

TaBaaci. KOHxpeTHbiii, b pa3yMe npocseinaeT iieTOAHKy paccyAOHHOn rpacpHKH; 
to ecTt: AaeT oho npasAHBeHimiH o6pas. 

56 



Orroro-TO HuoroHOBa Kpacxa aScTpaXTHa h reTeporeHHa npHpoAe; TereBa 
xpacxa auisa h nana b KOJiopirre; xpacxa y HbiOTOHa — KOJimecTBo; reresa 
xpacKa ecri. KanecrBO, AaHaoe b bochphbthh, ocseiqaeiioM sctcthhcckh ■ ywiy- 

Sjucmom (paJIOCOtpCKH. 

06i>acHiiMaji b oahom, eARHCTBeHBOM xpyre, orroro-TO Hbio-roHOBa 
Kpacxa Be Began ueTOAHHeciuix pa3Jin<ieiniH; TeTeaa Aana b rpaAauHH 
paajDiKeHidi. 

HuoTOHaaHCxaji TO«uta 3peHxa in concreto ciapaei paajnraie iieiKAy 
xpacKOB h CBerox; cser, 6yfly«m CMeineHHeii xpacoHHtix cBe-roneii, cymecrayeT 
b hhx BiieHHo; TeTeB cseT cctj. cahhctbo. Ti.ua y Hi>iOToua — iihhto; y Ttre ate 
oh« — "Heiio"(i hmchho: oHa ecn. MaiepHfl) 7 '. 

KpacoHHOcn. y HuoTOHa BbiaBJixeita MexaHaraecxH; rereBa xpacxa ecn> 



Pa3raiinJieHiu arm conpoBOXgaeT npocTpaHHeHimtH KouueuTapHB, npejio- 
MJiax>inxH in concreto <popnyjiy pasACJieHH*: HbiOTOHa r Tere. Pa3flejie- 
bjk »ro npoBO/pncx Ha (prae HCTopan onTHKH, Ha (pOHe xeopHH xpacox 
y npeAHKCTBeHHHKOB HbioTOHa h Teie; 3aTparHBaK»Tcx asr/uiAM 3Aeci>: K-nap- 
xa, MymeHopyxa, MapHO-rra, Maju.6paHina, KacTejm, JlHxreHSepra, JIui6ep- 
ra, Hiora, DIep<pepa, <DpaHKJnraa, Bio<p(poua, ■Becityeju.n*, Tepineju, Mapa- 
Ta, PooepTa ^apsxHa, Menrca, rwHreHca, Ejiapa, n,pexepa, Eexxepeju, Apa- 
ro, 3iijiepa, IlypxaHbe n t. a. roBopnTca npocTpaiuio h o paajmHHbix uBeTax 
(SejiOM, cepoM x nepHOM; xpacHOM, acejiTox, aejienoM, ciiueu, rojiySoM, <px- 
oneroBOM); pagyra xpacox in concreto npoxo/qiT npeA uaiiH — b ocaeine- 
hhh pa3AejmTen&HOB <popiiyju.i. 



§ 34. "CMTomfiptM" Smmumii M«TH«pa 

J^-p EDTeBHep .flaer him Huo-roHa h TeTe b otictjibboh pa3- 
AejnrrejiuiOH epopiiyjie; bmcoko 6jmcTaTejieH yBaacaeubiH aBirop b aepaHOBe- 
hbsi — AOJiSxTb no rpamrry: yTBepwaaTi. 6yAro 6m A-p IIIreHHep, cMemaBinx 
aaAXMH HtMTOHa h Trre, "n o n a a a e t b n p o c a k"*; ho pora-roe pa3apaxce- 
xxe aBTopa aoji6hk> npoAOJiatae-r; 3to yace He aoji6hx, a... cbaojiBhb 
xaxax-To: cbaoji6iii o rpamiTHyio creHy : — 

» — "HI leiHtp 6 b e t c a, xax 

p u 6 a 06 jie a", — 

— xto jie« h xto p&i6a? — 

— "nbiiaici npo6nTLca 
x pa3AejiHTejibiiOB (popMyjie o TeTe h o HayiHOB <pH3H- 
xe"*».— 

— Pa3ApaxceHHe — MxHOTasp — 6k€T cbohm poroit; u — por aurora- 
eT*°: pasApaaceHHe — MxHOTasp — 6be-r: -ropiKOM p o r a: — 



* Por. 120. 
•• Pof. 122. 



57 



— "H e n o n p a - 

BiMOi ODiSxoi HBJiJieTCH, UK 3to flejiae? IHieBHep, yno- 
ipeSneBie cjiobr c b e t b o a a o m c m bi c ji e h a ji h ieopn use- 
TOB TeTe, II flJIH ^hseib"*. 

Ciibicri, BHAejra Mbi, pa3JiHMeH; max: neno b ... cjiose? 

]3pn6na npoflOJiataeTca: — 

— "Kor«a Teie roBopmi cbct... oh 
ivtJi b BHfly cbohctbo r ji a a a.., k o r a a diHaaxa roBopn csei, 
oh a iiicct b BHfly npoB3BOJii>HO-<pauTacTH<iecKH npenapn- 
poBaHHoe eio noHHiHe"". 

Hero xe Ao6nBaeTCH as-rop; flejio b tom, hto "cBex" (Iicht) — tojd.ko 
cjiobo, cjiosecHoe coBnaAeHae aaBHcnrr or... cjiOBa; HBBoe aejio: asTop sobct 
k 4)yrypH3Ky; 6y«eM xe h mbi <pyTypHCTaMH: h, xacancb TeTeBa caeTa, Gy^eii 
mm roBopHTj.: caeTorjia3He; a xacaacb Hi>iOTOHa, Mbi cxaxeM: cbciobh- 
6pie, TypSocscT. 

— Haras noAo6ai»ie 
<ppaabi, Hbi.BBwnc ipaBamayio CTeHy; y cTen&i — MHHOTaspiiH o6jioMauHi.in 
por; aaxoaen. — noxpbrroro neHOio MaHOTaspa b o6jiaKe nOTa h c noiiypeHHofi 

MOpAOM CKOTHOABOpHbDC XHBOTHUX S3... napHOKOIIblTHblX H... JKBaHHblX; 6efl- 

Boe paaApaxeaae: oho ae yxacao — 6e3poro a ipycTBo. 



§ 35. ripOTHBHHK M CnOpiiJHK 
IIpeBHH npofloJiwaMTCH: — 

"y KOp B OTBJieieHHOCTH 

...mot aejiaTii HimoHy reie". 
IIpeiQia — Tpeaoie: — 

— Teie mot sefli... ne«ooueHHii> lexa- 

BHflB3Il"***. 

— "Cnopmaxoa reie HbiOTOay He Stui, a apoiaiuiiKoii 
— 6wji m ****, — 

— OTBeiaeT asTopy n-p nTreaaep; 
aBTop "t p e b h e" apoAOJixaeT; "t p e t" to xe iiecTo: — 

— fl-p UTreHiiep, 
"■Ken b BHfly Ty a jib flpyryH) ranoieay, Hflew... ayiiaei 06 
oabom: o6*«chbti»"*****, — 

— ao Koxa — criipaeTca: 
A-p fflTeaaep OTBeiaeT aa 3to: — 



• Por. 120. 
•• Por. 125. 
••• PoL 113, 133. 
•••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 235. 
Por. 133. 



58 



• "M Hp o6t>HCHHK>T He OCMblC- 

JlHBaHHeM HBJieHHH... ho noBiopeuneii b onwTe"*. — 

— Abtop — 
OTBaxea: oh npoaojiaeaeT caoe: — 

"<D H 3 H K a BOBCe He HMCeTCBOeK) 

3 a a a q e H>, k a k a y it a e t HI t e h h e p, "oShchhti" b h e id h h h 
mh P "»*. 

JS,-py IlTreftHepy octbctch OTBenrri.: — 

"Hp OTHBHHKH... 3TO It, KO- 

Topwe spoTiBopeim b xofle icucjiea Apymx... ^axmec- 
II AOxaiuBaiOT; ... cnopiaixi — 3to tc, kto xoa Hwifaei... 
renHKi"***. 

He ynniaeTca cnopinHX: — 

— "B o o 6 m e hbro siieiiik, «io m a - 
jio yCTOHHHBoe MMinJieHHe OIieHiiepa oKaauBiei eny 
b nojieMHHecKOM OTHomeHHH Hexoiopyio... ycnyry. Ha 
inojiHt cnpaBeAJiHBbie BinaffXi oh BHemHe (b oco6chho- 
cth b rjiasax so jiy o6pa30BBHHOH lacn CBoeii nacTBti) 
BcerAa uoxei cocjibtici Ha apyijyjo KHHiy, rfle OH-«e 
c k a 3 a ji 6yKBajii>H0 to, hto eiiy t e n e p b loaopn ero npo- 
tkbhhk"****.— 

— Tax cxaaaTb, Bee paBHO, «rro CKa3aTi. 06 ocKOJiKax BApeGes- 
m CBoeii o iiojiot pa36HBineficH mmcjiji, hto ohh — Ape6e3rH 3toS mmcjih 
— ckobbjihci>: b 6yjiaT. 

Tan, rAe cnopnpcK TeitHOTy cbohx HanaAaTejibKux xoaob npespaiaaeT 
B 6ea/ioxa3aTejii>Hy]o TeMHOTy HHttpHirHHauHH npotrro, Tan... o-rcTynaeT npo- 
thbhhk h BOCCTaHaBJiHBaeT <J)aKTHiecKH npaBAy; h na ynopcTBO HaBJHJUBaHiui 
mucjih A-pa niTeibiepa Hcejiamie see o&bflCHjrn. cmbicjiobom a6cTpaxu,HeH 
TOJibKO MHe ociaeTCB oaho: -npoBecra npeA HirraTejieM yneHne A-pa nTieibiepa 
06 ofrfcHCHemni: h cbhsbtb ero c TeTeBOH TeopixeH caeTa. 



{ 36. y«i«HMS fl-pa UlTSiiHepa 06 o6i>fiCH«HMM" 

O&bACHeHHe 38BHCHT ot TpeGosaHaa, k Heity npeAi.BBJweMi.ix; 
Bonpocw npeAonpeAejiHMJT ero: neu aojijkho oho 6j.iti.? Hen xothm mm, «rro6 
oGucHeHae — 6bijio? 

B nocTyjiaTHBHOM BejieHHu — Striae ero; to ecTi>: hbmh TBopwio; b TBop- 
HecTBe o&bflCHeHHB — AeHCTBHTejn,HOCTi.; sue ero ona — rjiyxoa iiaTepaaji; 

A8HHOCTH OOlHCHeHHH flJIB OOMCBeHHB, BUM AaHHHX BHe HOSHaBaTeJIbHOH 

xpxraxa, — TwpeMHBie CTenbi; to ecn»: rpanau&i no3aaHHH; TaK aonpoc 



•GNS. IV Band, EA. 299. 

•• p r. us. 

••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 235. 
••••Pol". 271. 



59 



o rpaaaoax noHBHHaercx jihbu. apa hbjiiihhocth He pasoGpaaaux xpHTaxoa 
o&bHCBHTejibHbix cpopit; cipoa stob xpaTKB paa6HBaeT aaHHbie (popMbi h Biie- 
cre naaBbie m axepaajibBOCTii — 3th /ntoxxoro pona rpaaaubi: no3HaaaB h onbi- 
tob; h b BeaeHiia o&bacaeaaH oGibchhti. huctbib ontrr, to ecTb aeBCTBBTejib- 

BOCTb flaHHyK), TBOpHTCH fleBCTBBTejH.HOCTb Co6cTBeHHO, KOTOpHH HfleaJIbHa. 

Bonpoc o rpaBKqax noaaaHHa ecn> cjien.CTBBe nojiyxpaTHHecxoro othohk:bbh 
x npflananaii o&bflCHeaaB, rn.e oflHa cropoHa, ontrr, pa3o6paHa, /jpyraa ace, 
■Ae*, apaajna no3aaBaTeju>abiM ^onia-roM* 1 . 

TaxoBa rHOceojionui 3toh TeopHH o&BHcaeHHH. 

06paTHUCB k aaJunaocTH o&bxcHHTeJibabix (popu. Tyr aac BCTpeinT 
AByjiHXOCTfc; o&kBCBeHHe — flayc; /niy-cpopMeHBO npeacraeT oao aau: b xaie- 
ropHH, pacmenJunomeH AaHHOCTb; h — b npHHinme, naHHOii b rpanauxja; 
nepsoe o&bHCHeaHe — paccyAO«rao; BTOpoe — paayMHo; nepsoe — flHCxypcBB- 

BO; BBTyBTBBHO BTOpOC IlepBOe B BOBHTHH CHCTeiiaTHHeCKOM eflBHBT 

pacmenjieHHbril uaTepaaji; BTopoe we pacxpusaeT BOHjrrae b iiHoropaoHOCTH: 
iiexaifopcpoabi; nepBoe — HepacxpbiTbiH 6yTOH, pactcpbisaeMbiH b posy; Bxopoe 
ecn. poaa. B ranoTeTBiecxoM npa-MbnnjieaBB He Hyw«aeTCn nepsoe: Bcnoiiora- 
Teja>BU cnexyjuiniH npa-Mbicjios; cauooG'bHcafleMOCTb <paxTa obh ocmmcjiht 
a6crpaKTHo; b xpyie 3tom "cmmcji" apcatu; h o&bacaeaiie nepsoe — ot 
npB-ubiCJiOB OTpeaaeT, a BbinejixeT: pxo. tpaxToa; oSeperaex ot npa-MbicjiOB, 
npeBpaiaaeTCx b lieTon.: a — TaeT a Beii. OGixcHeaae nepsoe — He o&bHcaeaHe 
Bosce, a nepexoa x bbtobombb cpaxTa. 

"II o x a 3 a t b ycjioHBeHie ipocieiiuix cpeHOiieaoB, 1a 

KOTOpblX OH CJIOXe a", 3BaHBT 3fleCb 06l>BCIIHTb B tpeHoiieH. 

BcHKOHy aaoiiy reae3Bcy npoTBBoaocTaBJiea reae3ac, BocciaiouniB B3 
oabrra; BocnpoaaBeAeaae — oofeBcaeaue; rpaab paccyAxa aepeaAeaa; eAHBcrso 
paccyAxa — yTonjieao: b KaneaHB paAa, b ero cosAaBaeMOB :kb3hb; aaecb 
KHnxiiniH pxA ~ ~ ohmt. 

reaeTHHecxoe oGiacaeaBe Be ecr& o&bflcaeaae: b onbire o&bflcaeaae 

reae3Bca; Teopxa SBOjnonaa oxxAOHHeiia; b b HCTopaa — o&bflCHeHaa aei; 
ycraaoBJieHBe upuiiuibi bo speiieBB ec-n. oGtHcaeaae (paxia m OTGpomeaaoB 
TeHuo: paccyflOHHOCTb — b aac; apoSjieaae n,eJioro Ha paBH03Ha<mbie nacTB 
Toace ae ecu. ooiacaeHHe; a hikhbo: "apoSjieHae o&bHcaeaHa"; b pe3yjibTaTe 

ApOOJieBBJI BHABMOCTb, T8H, BbipseT B IieBBAHUbIB IIB(p; rBBOTe3a, 

onxTb-TaxB, BcnoMoraTejrbHa: ae o6-bHCHeaae — b oaa; He ooiHCHeaae — uejib. 

OrxjiOHeHbi ooucHemix. 

06i,HcaeHBe — nocTpoeHae: caiioowBHAHoro (paKTa; a oho rpaHHu. He 
BMeeT; to, Tro iioxeT 6brn» rpaaaaaMB nocTpoeaaH, — BHyrpB nocTpoeaaa; 
o&bBCHeHBe 3Aecb — rpaHaubi caiioro cpaxTa; oho o6i>acHHeT crpoeHHeii; y Hero 
xe — o&bacHeHHB net; Bonpoc o rpaHHH.e tjtt — nonsens. 

Ha npocToro (peHOMeBa mbi bcxoahm; io>i ero nojiyiaJiH hs cjioxhoto 
— paciJieHeaaeii, a ae flpo6jieaaeM BOBce; ae ajieMeaibi npefl aaiiH, a opraau 
BCJibaocTB, HaM pHCyKiBnie Ham onui xax apxHTexTOBBHecxaB nyTb; opraBB3H 
(paKTa pacyeTca nepen. Haim, Kor^a ynapaeiicB mm, Tax cxa3aTb, b ero rojiOBy; 
b post-factum iJieHeaaa, He MJieaaMoe ■« y»e 6ojiee; 3to — npoTo-cpeaojieH; 

60 



b BOCCoaaaBaHHH HOBoro ontrra npoTO-cpeHOMen ecTb prius; oh BbUBJieHHaa 
h npocremnaH ikmioctbocti.; He aneiiembi, xax npeatfle, a uejiocTHOCTb o6t.hc- 
hht Ban KOMUJieKCHOCTB; ycjioaCHCHHC uejioro — BTOpas naCTb onbiTHbix 
CTpaHCTBBn; b nepsoH hbcth rocnoACTsyiOT: BocnpajriHe, Ha6juoAeime, onaca- 
HHe ii HJieneaae; bo BTopoa — : KOMnjieKcaumi; b nepson hbcth rocnoACTByeT 
MexaHHHecRHH lieTOA; a bo BTopont opraaanecKBH; b nepson — Mbi yGaBaeii; bo 
BTopoH oxHBJuieii; o6i.flCHeHHe nail co3Aajio (peHOMea. 

06i>HCBeBBe npa noMOura hobhthb paccyAKa — a6cTpaicnHfl; o6i>HCHeHBe 
b pa3yiie, npa nontrrRe ero (popMyjmpoBaTb, see eiqe hocht xapaKTep a6cT- 
paKTHi.ni; ubi ero paccyAO«rao cocraBjixeM; oho — (popiiyjia. Eahhctbo Hayn- 
Horo paga ecTb nyHKT OTnpasjieHHH; uexny reu oho ecTb HTor AO-a6cTpaKTnoro 
xoaa; axxnepBMeBT HaiHHaeTCH AO-paccyAOHHO, BcnoMoraTejibHO cjiaraer cbob 
cjiynaHHtie (paKTBi; a nocjie enaBCTBO npaBHOCBTca, ocpopiijina seek p«A 
a BeoH k BOBOiiy 3KcnepMieHTy; nocjieoHUH Ha«omaeT c iotoboto pflAa; aHana- 
sapyei pan; b BbinjieHaex npoTO-(peHoueH. 

IIpeatAe aeacejiB b ncaxojioraa noHsjuics npacyinaa ea oni.ii, nojie ee 
6buio tjmk6ok> (pajiococpua b i|)H3hojioibh; ncBxo(pH3HOJiorHH — npHMep 
3KCBepBMCHTajibHOTO paScTBa y eAHHCTBa paccyAOHHOro. 

He paapMBaKunaa, pacHJieHJiHHxnfH oiiut B^npoTO-ipeHOMeue seAeT k (|>aK- 
Ty co6cTsenuo: k — asTOBOMBOiiy (paKTy; ycTaHOBJieaaio ero npeAinecTByeT 
KOJioccajibBeBimiB nyn.; o6i>aCHeHHe npa noMonra 3JieMeiiTapHOH uejiocTHOCTH 
npeAnojiaraeT nyn. ajiejieHTOB ocHJieuHBiM. PaccyAOK — OTopaBHaa TOHKa, 
Beaymafl k ontrry; om>n — BbiasjuieT cpeHOMeu h npecyinecTSJuieT (peHoiieH. 

06i>HCHeBBe s pa3yiie — BaHBHaexca Tyi. Oho npeAnojiaraeicji b "nocjie" 
— xopeHHTCa ace b "ao", onpeAeJiHH Hail same CTpaHCTsae. 

"II h e si y m e w a y gaEBUiH oiBomeBiiiiB laKiii 6 p a - 
3011 pasBHBaeTCB b bx ochobc ji e ac a in, a b n p h h a h n?" — sot no 
A-py IIlTeBBepy nepBtra sonpoc BCTaiomero uaA onuioii pa3yiia; h 3Aecb mm 
3aneTBM: s OTHomeuHH k Jmpy paccyAKa sonpoc stot pa3pemaeTCH b Teo- 
peTHKo-no3HaBaTeJii.Hi.ix cpopsiax, yCTaHaBJiHBaiomMx nan rpaAaUHW mctoaob; 
b OTHomeHHH ace k "h a e e", KaK jkbshb rpaAauna, sonpoc pa3pemaeTCH 
MeTaiiop(p030H "n oh hthhhbi x" CMticjioB, to ecTB: hx KpyraMB BpanteaBB 
(no Tere bx a e b a t 1., a no A-py EUTeBHepy ax AseHaAuaTb); s raoceojioraio 
■ 330TepBKy cmwcjiob pa3peinaeTCH pa3yii; a Tyr mbi aiieeii: o6%Hcaeaae 
npBHuanaaju>Boe a o6i.acaeHae oGpasaoe; THOceojioraiQ a caiiBOjiaKy. 

B 3tob CHMBOjmKe He bbabm mbi OTBJieveHBoro npaHinma; oh — b rpaAa- 
obb; rpaAaoHH mctoaob, onpeAeJieBHaa HesHAHMBiM npaHinraoM, — arBJieieHae 

OT M6TaM0p<pO3bI BA6B; npOeKUHH MeTaM0p<p03BI B paCCyAOHHOH nJIOCKOCTB; 

MHOioo6pa3He paccyAOHHBix bcthh b apxaTeKToaaHecKOM paTMe" B3aHMiioro 
KoirrpanyHKTa 8 * ax cmbicjiob yMapaeT b cbocm CTaTanecKOM cMbicne, to ecTb 
b CMticjie MHoroo6pa3BJi "ncHJia a", a soccTaeT b MHOioo6pa3aa hch3hh; 
cmbicji ecTb hcb3hi>: WH3HI. BAea; CMbicjia B Teopaa neT; cmlicji — s ycTanoBJie- 
hbb paTMa. Phtm? Oh — AeacTBeHeH, acecTBKyjuuniOHeH, KOHKpeTen, iihjih%h: 
3M6jieMaTHKa CMbicjia ecTb MHMBKa AyxoBHbix cyuqecTs; 06-bHCHeHHe — mbmb- 
Ka: MBMBKa aarejia s Hejiosexe. 

61 



IIoHHTae — BOAOiieTHue Kan job; obh — b HenepeMeaaoM KaneiniH a npejio- 
MJieuHH cmbicjiob; cyMMa xe Bcex npejioiiJieHaa ot hhx oTflejiaeTCH — b aeoo- 
ABB8CBO BCTaiomyH) paflyry bboto, come/nnero aoipa: b aaeio HBjieHHH; o&bac- 
HCBBe — paflyra; b TepMHHOJiora«iecKOH Kanjie — HeyjiOBauo oho; ho oho 
— coBepinBHBO KOHKpeTHo; a — 3ajioaceHO b jihhbocth; ooiHcaeHHe nofljniHHOe 
ecn. aanex; lacTO cpopiia eio — a<popn3ii. 

CooTBercTByeT jih tohkoctb y%HBJi 06 ooibcbcbhh y fl-pa nLreaBepa 
jiaaieHTaiiHflii "c n o p m a k a", HaHepxaHKbiM... iianapBOio KBCTtw? 



§ 37. Tend h* mshsb... — "cnopinHK"! 

IIpOTHBHiiK ciirraeTCH c o&tacHeiiHeji. Cnopunuc ace? 
Cnopnnoc ctobt aa CBoesi: — 

— "3ia HeciacTHaH mi>icjii> 06 o 6 t. a c - 
hcbhb b HBJiJieTCB hi nyTH pa3MBiBijieBBfl IHieHHepa TOM 

ji e n a b o 10 k o pon, o k o t o p y m ob Hei-aei Aa ciyKiieiCH, ay- 
mi BunjiuiL h a p y at y, k acBOiiy cojiHqy;a ciyKByiniici, 
pixomeioH Htceici aa t e m h o e po a Tail yAiBJiieici, 110 

BOnajI CKB03B c b e T BO m p a k"*. 

Bot hto AejiaeT cnopunuc: 3to Aaace He cnop, a 6paBai>ie atiopcpBOCTH 
mmcjib: — 

— "K ne j«y... 3Ta iiacxa HayinociH?.. Be^i oaa 6ojii>- 
in e 5 itCTbio iHiOBipyei ji h in b HeBexeciBeaBuu t e o c cp - 
ckbv paHTbe, KOToptie... (...b nepsoii KJiacce 3Kcnpecca)cjie- 
AyiOT 3a... EQTeHHepoM 13 ropoaa b ropo/;... c laKoio cei- 

TaHTCKOM flOBepHUBOCTbKJ.., HTO BM HaHBBaeT I131I1CI, 

6y«T0 Bee Bayn cohhhchm hx y ine jieii"**. — 

— "HI t e a b e p 
oiyiuiaei Bce"npByroTOBJieuHoe a ji h hhctob cbocoGhoc- 
11 Mum JieHaa" o6jibeoh CBoero OKxyjibimiia, xoiopuL. 
npeflCiaajraeiCB cnjiomHHii cepuii hhthom"***. Ho Ha sceii 
npoTa»eHHH khhth h «aio nojiHOBecHtiH otbct no Bonpocaii, 3aTpOHyTI>IM 
aBTopoa: rge, cnpoiny, "o6jiaKo"? 

B "MaCKe" 3K3aKTHOCTH: — 

" JI eBTMOTHBbl MBpOB033peHHfl 

niTeaaepa nOTp e 6 o b a jih.., 110611 oh cthji... "sKiaKTHHii" 

OKKyJIBTH CTOM", BpHTOM OXiaiCBBHll K a H T O <p O 6 B C B... 

H reKKejIHBHCKHM «0HB3M01l" M '*". 



•PoL 122. 
**Por. 358— 359. 
•••Por. 269— 270. 

•••• Por. 374. 



62 



Bot hto flejiaeT cnopnpnc: H3JioiiaBinH cjiynuHHO apoHHTaiiHbiB Texcx 
b npoa3BOJiax xanpn3Hon (panTa3HH, cocraBJiHer oa jukhbvio napoamo Mbicjia; 
m, yaaneauni Kaary, — 6pocaeTCH ee pacrrepsaTb: nocTynaeT, KaK... 6mk; 
pa3flpaxeaae asTopa lie pa36apa.no "GW"; pa3n.paKeaae 6pocajiocb na 
"GW", KaK 6mk, hto6... noaaa-n. na para; co6cTBenHO xpnTHKn He 6buio: 
6biJia 6pam>; 6paHi> npojiajiacb na 6yiiary, aenoMyApeaHO nprncpbisaxcb 
HOTBBaMH, MHpOB033peHBeif H fleCHTKOM UBTaT; TaK (rrajia 6paab: 6po- 
BBpoaaHHOB 6pam>io; bo 6poHH B3 UHTaT Be Aepacajiaci. aa 3tom Tejie 
■3 3jioctb; cjihujkom xBJioe rrejio: 6poHH ero npsflaBBJia; b jik>6om B3 
sonpocoB MTHOseHHO cflBpaiOTCB SpoHa; b oGaaxaioTCH: 3jiocth; ho 3jiocth 
npBKnnHHBBi: aarory ohb Tor^a oGjiexaioT uraoBeaHO b aroaacbi B3jmntoro 
sxyca, cSpocBB b CTOpoHy cbob jiorBTOCKBH iqbt h OTKpoaeHHO Kpacyacb 
— aaroTOB acpopnaua; Ha KpyTtix BBHrax BerepKa HaAyaaioTCH (pepTOii: 
"He m>naareci> Hac yjnreaTb: iibi He jioraxa, a... flyineBHoe BocnpaarHe, 
■abiCKaaHOCTb, tohkocti.". KpBTHKy, He paswiHAeBmesiy aro b CTOHineiiy 
b nJiocKOCTB JioraKH, yxampenHO Bbipbrra... ana b Baae npe3pHTeju.Hi.1x 
noxBiiaHHB njieians: uokbo jib yjunaTb BeTepxou noAfnriyio HaroTy 
SJieraHTiioro b KpyTO-BHHTjnn,ero <pepTa? 3to He mlicjo.: 3to — Taaea 

HIOaHCOB! *. 

H JIOTHHeCKBB KpBTBK HOBaAaeTCH B BMy, eCjm OH lie 3aHBBT, HTO TyT 

atpopnsii — ae uejiOMyapeHHO aaraa hcbhhhoctb, a aaTHHyraH (ppiiBOJii.- 
nocib, Tyr xe pafloii Aasainaji a TflXKO-6poaHoa aataToa, a HocopoHctefi 
SpoHefi SyflTO 6w jioranecKax AOKaaaTejitCTB; pasApaxeaae — Tyr; pa3- 
Apaxeaae — Tan: TyT 6beT cespCKBB (papcpop tojictokoxcb ivronoft aocopo- 
ra; Han; rpaaBTaoa CTeaoa aepejieTaer Tail (pepTHKOii; a, He GyAyna b coctoh- 
hbb B03pa3BTb Ha HeTbipecia c jmimmi CTpaaaa. sieTOAHiecKHx a norHHec- 
xhx paccyxaeaaB, KomcpeTHo pacyionnix Tore, (pepxaKOM nepeaocaTCH nepe3 
hbx a Teaepb yxe npocTo noAWiHABiBaeT y Kaccbi BOK3ajiOB noBCAeaae 
noiHTaTejieH A-pa DXreaHepa, ae noao3p«BaKmntx, vro 3a hhub cjieAflT no 
Bureau. 

Hcxaxeaabie pesyjibTaTbi 3tbx Ao6poBOJitm,ix aaA3opoB b bbac crcaTBCTB- 
kh (pHrypHpyiOT b AOBOAax. 

y«iacTb ynopHoro caopunoca — Taxosa. 



§ 38. Kpacica ecTb KanecTBO 

JlBTepaTypHoe pe3KMie cseTOBOH Teopaa TeTe aac BCTpenaeT 
b GW. 

06paTHMCH k aeay a bocctbhobhm 3£ecb jibhbio mmcjib. 

B Bbicaiea 3aKOHiiocTH aepeceKaeica c npapOAoa acKyccTBO* 7 . 

BocnpaHTHe KOJiopirra pasjiaraeTca b BOcnpmiTHH KpacoHiioCTefi; KOJiopii- 
tom apoHBiiaeiibi KpaCKH; TOHKy 3peaafl HbiOTOHa TeTe cnepsa pa3AejiHJi, TaK 
tto b "fiejiou" cMemeHBB bbacji oh coeABHenae KpacoK: b KoarjioiiepaTe 

63 



ycMBTpHsaji CHHTe3 oh; 3KCDepnueHTiipya, oh npaxqAin x HHOMy B033peHHio: 
cbct co tuioh cJUBaeTca b npHaiie (a pauiaraerca no HuoTOHy): pe3yjii,T8T 
cjauamM — Kpacxa. 

Text Tjnr — pa3omejica c Hmotohom. 

Kpacxa se oAHopoAHa; OHa — AaoepoAHa: n caere h mie aa.enm.ua 3avaTa 
OHa; BbiaBJuach ace, cbctht HeuaTepnaJU>BOH> cymHOCTuo; BoaapeHHe — ropa- 
aoHT ee; b npH-MbiuuieBaax ohb He iiyatAaerca; ninoTe3a KOJie6aHBB 

— npH-MbiHUiCHa; xpacxa efi cyxena. 

B CBe-re Teopaa o&bacHeHna 3to necro israeiio: uayHHoe o6%acHeHHe — He 
BcooMoxeHHe; nmoreaa — BcnoMoraTejuHa h bboaht craicjioaue ottchkb; 
b onure, a He b hcb, o&bacHeHae xopHeaoe. 

TeTe He MoaceT chhtbtii HAeajo>Huu oSiacHeHHe HuoTOHa; b b pacyHxe ero 
nofffcniaiOTC* aaa oSuiCHeaHa: a cbbsu b a <p aKTe — a HAee a ontrre; a ontrre: 
npoxoatAeHHe caeia ao TMie m — cxBoai. xuiy; to ecxi,: atejiToe, CHHee; sto 

— npoTO-cpeHoiieH**, to ecw. iHMiuiocTb a craacaaui (peHOMeHos; h a ueu 
xpacxa — xaiecTBo; iiexaiuraecKHH nepeaoc — kojm™ctbo — 3Aea» asjniioeH. 

IIpoTO-ipeHoiieH, flajiee, auauaaeT bck> uem.; to eeifc: xaiecTao npoBOAar- 
ca ipea Bocnpaarae AymeaHOCTX, HpaacTaeHHOCTi.: 3ro iiecTO b GW. npoaajia- 
eno Tax jnunk. 

B CBOeM B3XTHH KpaCKH, KBX KaHCCTBa, HpaB MeTOAHHeCKH r«e, h coacajie- 

Hne rejn>iirojn>aa o He3HaxoiiCTBe c TioHreHCOii TeTe — He MeHaer tjtt cyrH"; 
cctuuta aaropa Ha reju.iiro.Jii.ua a rioareBca — juiim. nporyjnta no <pH3axe: 
TeTe a A-p UlTeHHep He aaxpoHyTu sthm. 

Bonpoc TeTe: xaxoso OTHomeime xaiecTB aae npocTpaHCTBa a BpeuenH, to 
ecu. BHe KOJieoaHHB?* Otbct: AeaiCTBHTejn.HOCTi. BocnpaaTHa; ho coAepacaaae 
BocnpHBTBa ' — a Hac. 

OpamHajubHyio Teopwo BoenpaaTBa abct A-p IDhreibiep: mm ot Hee ot- 
BJieHeuca. 

H Sea Teopaa stoh H3JiaraeMU* nyHKT npoacHxeT: coAepacaHHe aocnpx- 
bthh OipopMJiaeMO aaMH pasjuncHO; pe3yju»TaT cxpopujieuBa — coAepacaHae 
MeroABHecKoe; hx — mhoco; HenocpeACTBemiocTi, AaHHoro — npoTHBonocTaa- 
jieaa bm; h oho — hjib: ooiexT raoceojiorBB, hjih — nepescBsaeTca TaopHecxa; 
Bfcmeceuae HenocpeACTBeHHO-AaHHoro B3 npeaejia acex ero MCTOflBHecKBx (popsi 
npeAinecTByeT nocTauoBKe acex TeoperaqecxHX bmboaob. 

3-p IHreBHep Tyr xpacTajunnecxH aceH: 6u» acHee — hcjimh. H HaA 
3toh-to hchoctmo — aBTop onari. paapusaeTca b Hen npeaaTO B3peBaiouniM 
ctohom; H3 pa3pbiBOB anepaerca a Hac — MTJia, atipa: H3 flbipti anepa- 
»Tca (poc(popfl<iecKB ropauoie rjiaaxa; cxox koiu.it — b MBHOTaBp Ha6e- 
raeT: — 

— "II o a B3opana ee ((paaMxa) b c h e 3 a e t ace KanecTBeu- 
h o e", xax HcajiyeTca DXreHHep; "ho sto n o t o m y , kto e b nenera 
flejiaii c KanecTBOM"*. — 

* Por. 115. ,, 

64 



— , n $i3ii8 BOBce Be meei caoejo 

— paaaaeTCH crescendo no nosoay HCHoro ueCTa; it — ne- 
pexooKT b cteHaHBe: — 

— "CoBepmeaao 3anyTaBinncb b cioei no- 
JieHIKC c <pa3HKofi, UlTeHHep..." H T. «.**. — 

— BnjieTaeTCH HBUHAear 
c "o 6 1 h c b e h h e m" b tkctch KJiySoK rojiocjioBHU., nocBnianni.iH nepuesi 
ocTpoT a Myxoii OTCTynJieBna. IIpoflOJimeHHe n3JioaceuHH ueB03iioauio: caosa 

HaflO BTOJIXOBMBaTfc. 



f 39. 0M3HKO-XHMM4OCKafl CMCTeMa* 1 

Bot nnaTCpopMa: 6jiBCTaTejn»HO aBTopoM c Bee orraaapBaa — ero 
TOMaraBOHHbnl Taneu: — 

— "Te... HBJieans, xoiopum oua ((pnaaKa)... 
6e33 a CTeHHUBO h b o6nAy mieiaepiiiHCTBy opyflyei... mo- 
ryi... 6biTB B3iiu.„ noA hhmm yuioii speaii;... 3to b flejiaei 
reie""*". 

H 3a6uBaeT ceitaac ace: ltexaHBXa ec-n. o/ma rpynna cepHH — xb- 
MHO-(pB3iiKO-MexauH<iecKOH; a uexaaHKa — cjiobo, noKptiBawmee uaoroo6- 
pasae iiexaHaK; nepeaeceHHe /iB<p<pepeHiniajn.Horo aciacneaua b <pH3axy 
nopoBtuaeT o«bh ran iiexaaaK; nepeaeceHHe apHTMOJionra (Aonycraiioe H. B. 
ByraeBwii**) h TeopHH BepoaTHOCTea (flonycTHMoe H. A. YiioBbiu 94 ) b apaH- 
nane nopoxnaeT Be MexaaamcKaa a Teu ae ueaee d)B3BKO-iiaTeMaTBHecKHB 
pa«; h Aaxe b npe^ejiax iiexaBBKH — cyinecTsyiOT uexaHBKH: KaaeMaTBKa 
a AHaaMBKB; nepsaji B3 ABBweuaa naif BbncojniT noajnae chjibi (KBaeuaTBHec- 
khb pan); a BTopaji o6paTBo: /uunKeaae HaM bubo/hit b3 cbjiu; b "r b n o - 
ieiHiecKHe" MexaaaKB 3tb nepejiarajica a Beet (paxTHHecKaa MaTepaaji 
HHoroKpaTBO a lacro — to b Ty, a to b 3Ty; bch HCTopaa <pB3BKH — b cxsaTKax 
3tbx iiexaaax. 

MaorooSpaaae aonycTBiibix yrjios yBaacaesitiM aBTopoii cacaTo: iiexaaa- 
UB3M ero — aycT. 

IIpeflCTaBJieBBe o duiaaxe asTopa — ajieifeaTapao a uikojii,ho; uncojimoe 
npeACTaBJieaae sto yrjrySjieno ae aa <J> b a a k a x, a aa JlaHre". EjiaioaojiyHaa 
ero cxeiia o <pH3BKe; Haoroo6pa3ae jioaiaeT on: h bbiboah neposi: "d>B3HKa" 
— ae pa3yneeT RoaxpeTHO Mnoroo6pa3HH pflfla (piMmco-MexaiiHHecKoro; b cym- 
boctb ihuimx TpB ABcqanJiaHbi ae cymecTByMT b paaaeJibHocTH, a VHoroicpaT- 
ho pa3opBaau b <kctbi>ix h npoifexcyTotHMX ueiiTpax. 



•Pol 1 . 115. 

•• Por. 117. 

"•PoI\ 120. 

Asapei Bejuii. PygojiMp QlTeiHep 65 



Bot cjiyHHHHaa 



cxena: 



- [ h »xh% 



UClUfAtMK 



Ahcuuj 
ieo/Me]pia 






3UHQ-MUK0 



Odu(,aa 
cyan* kg 



53ke«J»M 



una 



fi 



(Jopian 

XUJUlA 



/MfiOHUKfl 



HuHeMaJu*! 



iep«o 



KU..MI.*. 



Kaxccjfi 

ft-HttAUji 



3 PADi, 

Mexan 



/AkucTuko 



4 pS-di 



Orijw 



«a 









duxaiurta 



njmljujuc 

IbCVCBi* 



Cjepeo 



Mm 



m. 



pajoa 



ijaTut 



Isalo 



OpiaH. 



JMtxaHiAna 



3UtKTpo 
cTaJuKa 



3ACKjpo 

XUAU* 



Xu.JK.il 



23ZH 



HeopCMcm 

jMexckHUKa 



cMi 



Maccan 



U/tA m a -k 



l)uHaJAuKa 



C T a T 



Koaiu. 



1- 



10*0111 



itKftHUKQ 



(UHWUXJUW 



Cpuivo- 



XujK. 



Ifc 



^ r ;Tep>«0 



Orepeo • t 



iTepeo 

AtatKl 



; iMiO JjhtKTpO 



/najepi-u: 



Bot KaKan 3aeci. cjioschocti,: (J)h3hkh, xhmhh h iiexaimKH co6ctbchho bct; 
ecTB pnflbi: 

1) MexaHBraecKHH, 

2) KHHeiiaTHHeCKHH, 

3) flHHaUBMeCKHH, 

4) CTaTHHeCKHH, 

5) (J)H3HK0-XHMHHeCKHH, 

6) XHMHieCKHH. 



66 



BaflB pHflti ncpneHAHKyjLHpno, mbi npn6jiH3iiTejn>HO nojiynaesi rpa/ia- 
Kino: 

' 1) (peHOueiibi 3M6jieMaTHHHBie, 

2) TepMO-tpenojjeHiji, 

3) CTepeo-(peHosjeHi.i, 

4) rejiHO-(peHoueHi.i, 

5) 3jieKTpo-(peuOMeHi.i, 

6) (peHOJieiibi uaTepHaJibHtie. 

B nepBOM pafle (ropmoirrajibHOM) npoxoflHT kojibiectbo; h b nepsoM 
(nepneHAHKyjinpHOM) — 3 m 6 ji e m a (flncp(pepeiiunaji, Jihiihh, "K + P", radio, 
btom, Bee); bo BTopoii (ropn30HTajibBoii) ,u b h »c e h h e; b nepneHflHKyjiHpuoii 

— xenjio (naK 6ecKOHe<mo iiajioe kojothcctbo, xaK ABHacemte, KaK paGoTa, 
K8K sjiejieirr BOHepemifl, KaK KOimjieKC H3MepennH a KaK KanecTBo); b TpeTteni, 
ropn30HTajibHOif , pafly — flOMHirapyeT c h ji a; b nepneHaHKyjixpHOM — npo- 
crpaHCTBeHHoe pacnojioacemie chji: CHJiosaa jihhhh, cmioBaa jihiihu 3ayKa; 

CBJIOBaH JDIHHH BCIQeCTBa; CHJIOBOe CTHHCeiIHe B KpHCTajIJie; CHJia, KaK hh/jhbh- 

AyaJH>Haa ciiocoShocti. cuenjiHTtca; to ecn. cpe/jCTBo; CHJia pocTa h oBnieHa 
BeiqecTB b opraHHSiie; b pn^e neTBepTOM (ropH30HTaju,HOM) ^ouamipyeT 

— H3Mepeime; b nepneH/nncyjuipHOM ace — cbctoboc a8Jienue;B na- 
tom ropHSOHTajEMioai — 3JieMenTapHi.i3 uaiepiiaJibHUK KoiinjieKc; 
b nepneHflUKyjiapHOM — HBJiennH sneKTpHHecTBa; h b mecioM ropH30nTajii,nou 
jimm> nojiynaeii mbi KaneciBo; b nepneHflmcyjiBpuoM — MaiepnajiL- 
Byn iiaccy. 

JJejieirae Ha MexaHHKy, xhmhio, <pH3HKy see eme npocTO, a CBefleime Ha 
liexaHHKy — nycTO. 

Bot no aBTopy <pn3HKa: 



cAtexanuKa 



\ Y \ 



Y 

U K U. 



? u 3' 



67 



Bar cxeiia aeBCTBBTejn>Hocni ajm oahob jmim. laexamtxii. He hhctob, 
a (JmainecKoa tojibko: 



ttUHOMUKO 



KuHe^ftTuKft 




3jveKTpo-l)uHa^uKa 



tejuo-^UHa-MuKa 



B HacToam.ee speita npeatfleBpe»ieHHO flejnm. uayKH no ueTOAaii b (pH3H- 
Ko-xxiiHHecKoa o6jibcth; h Jiynme oejnrn. no ofrteirrasi; a&neHBeii no o6%eKTaii 
Boxpyr Jno6oro ofiuna o6pa3yen — craaceuHe mctoaob; h b peajiMtoa Hayice 
(Be b KaSraeTHMX npoexinux) onieHaen mm — cjioauioe ifHoroo6pa3ne ahc- 
innumH; AeMapxanHOHHaa: jihhsh ae npoBonjnia TyT c jieneocTuo npH noiioiqa 
KapaHAamnKa JIaHre a nxpKyjui Kama; 3/ieci> rocnoflCTByeT Hbme: uejian 
cncreHa Hayx; He Tpa imcojiuibie nacmaunrabi, KaK wejiaTejitHo aBTopy. 

Bot npHHepu (cjiyqafinbie) ycranoBOK — b oahob jihiih. jiexaHBKe: 

MexaHHiecKaa yciaEOsxa. 

MaTeManiKa. 

MaTeuaTBHecKaH iiexaHBxa. 
^BHaiiBKa. 
GraTBKa. 



KHHeuaTHKa. 



Hbcjio. 
3 (pap. 
Cajia. 
Macca. 



To ecTi>: 



«B 



68 



^iHiMiiecxiH ycTaaQBxa. 

KaaeaaraKa 

CiaTaxa. , _ 



} 



TepMo-ABBamxa 
3jieKTpo-axaaifnKa 

To ecu.: 

Macca. . 

TenJio. > C " Jla - 

SnesrpwHecTBO. 

3Beprei>Hecxii ycTaBosxa. 

KHaeMaTmca. "\ 

06idbb AKBamnca. 
djiexTpo-njauunxa. 
reimo-ABBaMBKa. 



► TepMO-ABHaxHKa. 



^Baateaae. 
Cmia. 

3jierrpHHecTBO. 
Cbct. 



} 



To ecra: 



Tenjiosaa pa6oia. 



Or Tpex yciaaoBOK 9 * 3asacBT xapaKTep Hainero noHauaaaa hbccm, /nuixe- 

BBB, CHJIM. 

IlepBaa ycTaBOBKa, BMflBaraa aBaaeaae uaiepaa, noMeaajia3apyeT 
ciwiy. 

ycTaHOBKa BTopas ynpaanHaeT 3<pBp, ocTaBJiaa aaa m a c c y . 

YcTaHOBxa xe Tpen>x, ynpa3ABBBma 3<pap, ynpa3flBjieT miaccy. 

K KaxoB xe uexaaaite anejuiapyex aBiop? K iiexaHHKe JJacoyjia a TejibM- 
rojn.ua, Hmotohb, ^exapTa? 

IIo-BBAXMOMy, x ^xoyjie-HiaoTOHO-KapTeaHaHCKOH, c neit ero no3,npa- 
■Uixen. 



§ 40. Cwia 

KapieaiaHCiio Han cajiy bmboabt as b ocHoae Jieacaioax 
ABaaceaaa aipapabix hbcthu; cnjia nojioaceaa 3ueci» — b npocTpaHCTse, 
■ — b ABHweanax a-roii ob; 3nea, acpapaaa m>uii> — aeo6xoaa]ioe apaMMUuieBae; 
M a t e p a a, hctobibbiohcl b 3<pape, b o&bacaeaaB stom ae iioaeeT 6mti> 
ybctob 3n6jieMOK>: aaTepaH — edb. 

^aaaaasM cajiy aau noJiaraeT b ocaosy ABaaceaaa; cbjib anea, aSciparapy- 
arca ox MesmyaTOMHtix nycroT; btom — Tovxa ee npajioxeaaa; cajia 

69 



MBicjiHiia coaepineBHO a6cTpaKTHo; He npo6eraeMbi npoMewyTKH MeacAyaTOu- 
Hbix nycTOT; no Btipaaceuino noKomioro npotp. Yiiosa, HbWTOHHaHCKoe npefl- 
frraBJieHHe chjibi oiepTHJio BKpyr aTOMa cbob MaraHecKHH Kpyr; HbiOTOHHaiic- 
Koe npeflCTaBJiemie chjibi b no3AHeHinax xeopaax ncoTOiiy hjih: o6peneHo 
pa3JioHtHTBCH b npoCTpanCTBe b MaTepHajiHCTHHecKH-KHHesiaTHHecKHX npefl- 
CTaBJieuHHX, hto 06-bflCHHeT nepHO/ianecicoe BOCCxasaHHe atpapHOH ranOTesbi 
— BnJiOTb no nocJieAHero BpeueiiH; MaxepHajrn3aiiHH HbwrouoBbix npeacraB- 
jieBBB — h HeiisSeacHaa aaKOHHan flBajiexTaxa, a amoroKpaTHO cjiyHaBmaaca 
b HCTopaa (pn3HKH tpaxT; aToro He noaaitaeT nam asTop. Hjih ace hmotohhbhc- 
Koe npe^cTaBjieiiae chjibi, nepeHOCHCb b 3anpocTpancTBenHOCTB, nepeTarHBaeT 
3a coSohj h aTOM, to ecTt: HeasGeatHO BJieneT — ynH«rroa(eHHe MaTepaa; 
cmbicjioboh o-neHOR, conyTCTBya nepeaeceHHio axoiiy, HaflejiaeT Toraa noim-ine 
chjh>i OKKyjn.THi.iMn CBOHCTBaiin; H OHa yace He qu an tit a s", a qualitaa 
occult a"; TaK noHHTae chjibi nepexoflHT b noHHTHe h m n y ji i> c a 99 . Bhc ace 
3Toro CMbicjioBOro OTTeHKa, nepeHeceHHe b 3anpc>CTpancTBeuuocTb chjibi, a 3a 
Heio h aTOMa, yHHvroataji npocTpaHCTBeHHBiS aTOM, npoeuapyer CHJiy b npo- 
CTpaiiCTBO, KaK jihhhjo; TaK BOCCTaeT nepefl nana rpacpH3Ji: BcejiemiaH — nepe/i 
Haiin pasrpacpjieHB cbjiobbimh ceTHiia, rfle nyiiKTbi nepeceieimfi — cyTb 
aTOMbi; naCTH cent — KBaflpaTBi h pou6bi; BcejieHuaa — cacTeiia KBaapaTOB; 
o6iHCHeHHe jihhhh, nynirra, OTpe3Ka — b xoHtpHrypaunH; TeopeTHHecxa-rpa- 
cpHiecKHH cmbicji flJLB o&bHCHeHHH CBoero nojioaceaiLH B3biBaeT r Haiajiaji 
aHajiHTHiecKofi reotierpBH a flacpcpepeumiajiBHoro HcracjieiciH; TeopeTmecKaH 
MexaHHKa, pacinapxaca b iiaTeiiaTHKy, oSpaayeT ap&ci, cboio oco6yio o6jiacTb; 
a npaKTHHecKH-cyateHHoe npeflCTaBJieHae o CHCTeiie b CBoeii onbiTHOM npaKCHce 
(onbiTbi ^acoyjifl) cyataeTCH b Tepuo-HBJieHaax, BbinepiHBaiOT nepe/j HaiiH 
iiexaHHHecKyio Teopnio xenjia, o&bacHeHBe sammy-ron KOHCpHrypauaeH chji 
(aHepraeik) ciieHaeT ooiacHeHae npn noifouni eonHHin>i chctcmbi; ajieiieHTHoe 
o6i>acHeHBe nepexoflirr b KoinuiexcHoe: Tax nocTeneHHO BbiCBoSoamaiOTCH H3 

06meAHHaMHHeCKHX HpeflCTaBJieHHH CBMBOJIBI TepMOHBHaMMKB B pacumpHKiTCH 

b aaepreTHKy: Tax b uaTepaa, OBaateHan, cmie, paGoTe, ABCpcpepeHuaajie 
b KOopaHHaTHbix ochx, in concieto pasopBano KaGaHeTnoe npeflcraBJieime 
asTopa o xaxoa-TO eflHHofi jiexamiKe. 

He roBopa yat o tom, «rro b Hayxe Taxoii HexamntH Hen, cjienyeT 3/jecB 
HanoMHHTb, hto THOceojioTB librae CTecuHWTCH rOBopHTb o uexaHBxe b Tep- 
MHiiax aBTopa. XapaKTepno, hto PaxxepT BBiflejineT crporo H3 coGcTBeHHO 
HexaHHHecKoa oGjiacTH cxpoa npeflCTaBJieHHH /jHHaMH3ua; AHHaiiH3M, uexaHa- 
ini3ii paccaaTpHBajOTCH OT^ejibHO y PaxxepTa 100 , xax npoTHBonojioaciibie Teii- 
Achuhh (popsiyjiapoBaTb. 



§ 41. OnTMKa 

OnTHKa He MoaceT 6biTb b3btoh, xax xhmhh, MexaHHKa, (pB3axa; 
onTBKa ecTb caCTema rejiHO-flHCuanjiHH. H 6epeTca b Beepe MexoflOB, ee o6paai- 
jiaioiHBX a rpaHHiHHx; sto 3Haji TeTe; aro 3Haeii mj>i HbiHe; a 3toto He 3Haji eiqe 

70 



can sejtHKHH Hmotoh; coBpeiieHHtie MeTOAOJiora 11 coapeneHBue cneini aJiHCTbi 
Ban 3to flOKaatyT no nyHKTau; TeTe ace 3to npoBnaeji: oh rjiaaeji He Ha3a«, 
a BnepeA iepe3 tojiob&i coBpeiieHHHKOB; lniorae ero ajieaieHTbi — He OTcraJiaa 

peMHHHCIieHHHS MeTa<pH3HHeCKHX, OnpORHHyTblX B3rJIHflOB, a CHMBOJIHKa 

— b 6yflymee; "npHpoAOB033pHTejib" b Hejj He Smji Hansen, a — hoa- 
jihhho liyAp. 

H fl-p IHTeHHep oTiieTBJi: iiyApbie nposopjciBOCTH TeTe; aBTop otmcthji 
■hoc: "h a h b h o c t h" npnpoAOB033pHTejui; oh ajm 3Toro "ocBeacHJi" imcojib- 
Hfcie npeACTaBJieHHH... yjeGHHKa xhmhh; h Ha CBoeM "P o c cmh aHT e""" 
OTnpaBHjicH b 6oh. 

Bepio h: OTCiaJiocTB b TeTe 6bijm; ho pa3Be Has« HHTepecHO nepeMHCJiemie 
hx, ecjm, Bepmi Mbi, b wax. — bctimhtkh HescKpbiBinencfl npasAbi? ^-p 
DXreHHep erapaeTCH ocBeTirrt sth BcnbnnKH. 

OnTHKa ecTt rpaAamu cpH3HKO-xnMHiecKHX ahcihuijihh; KaK TaKOsaa, ona 
AOJixtHa 6tiTb cboGoahoh; h — MoaceT nepejiaraTbca; Hanpmiep: b ajiex- 
Tpo-rpaAauHio; HOBenume Teopna, nepejiaraa CBeT b tpeHOiieHbi ajieKTpo-iiar- 
HBiHue, co6cTBeHHO, tbk noerynaiOT; oSpaTHo: Tepq nepeKJiaAbisaeT ajiex- 
Tpo-aBJieHHfl b rejmo-KOJie6aHHH; b npHHintnbi MexaHHHecKon oirrnKB nepejia- 
laeubi rejuo-K0Jie6aHHfl; b npHHininbi iiexainmecKOH ohthkh nepejiaraeiibi 
rejiHO-tpeiioueiibi Toace; h npoBe«H no nepBOsiy ropMOHTajibHOMy pH/iy (kojih- 
HecTfl), MO«eii mbi onTHKy onycKaTb b pflme nepBOM (nepneHAHKyjiapHOM), 
nepeceKaa ropraoHTajiH: uuieMaTHKH, AHHauHKH, cTa-micn, ajieinpoHHiui; to 
ecu.: npBHHHnbi MexairaiecKon ohthrh MoaceM Mbi pncoBaTb rpatpaiecKH, 
AHHaMHMecKH; h flajiee: crycnrrb b o6pa3bi craTHHecKoa xhmhh; HanpHiiep: 
BtiBOAHTb xpoiiaTnau H3 aTOUHbix BecoB; nepexoA — atejiTo-3ejieHoe, acejrroe, 
xpacHoe — BbiBOAHTb H3 THHtecTH MaTepHaJibHOTO seca, h rpaAauHio 
"35 — 80 — 127" (xJiop — 6poii — hoa) paccMaipiiBaTb KaK rpaaaqmo cseTa 

■ Tblfbl. 

BocnpHHTHe, AmpcpepeHiniaji — bot Asa nojijoca, iie»CAy KOTopbiMH Kpy- 
acHTCH KpacKa; impoBoe npocTpaHCTBO a KaiecTBo axoMa — 3KB3Top Kpyace- 
hbb; no 3TOiiy-TO rpoiiaABOify rjio6ycy jioacei* Mbi CTpaHCTBoaaTb b huqhx 
oxnraraecKHX npeACTaBJieiwax, npHKpenjuui hx 3Aecb h Tain speiieHHo h ycjio- 
bho; Bee HanpaBJieHHH ipaAanHH ycjiosHO-3aKOHHbi. 



§ 42. npo- m pe-rpeccHH 

Jlpa HanpaBJieHHH, KaK nunnHbie, BbiflBuraeMbi ByHATOu: npo- 
■ pe-rpeccHH l0S ; ot ajieMeinoB k KOMnjieKcaM 109 ; h ot KouruieKCOB o6paTHo; to 
ecrb: ot KOJnnecTBa k KaieciBy, ot KOJie6an«H k socnpHHTHio, ot AHfpcpepeu- 
nnajia k "H" h ot xaoca K Kocuocy; h ot KanecrBa, BocnpHHTHH, MaxpoKocMa 
B "fl" k — KOJDHHecTBy, KOJie6aHKH>, aToiiy, xaocy; Mbi OAHHaKoao npaBbi, KaK 
aaaepaeT iiac recpAHHr' M . B KaatAofi oGjiacTH ecTb cboh co6cTBenHbia ajiejueHT 
B KOMnJiexc; a Mbi Moateii: cBOAHTb k ajiesieHTaM roiioreHHoro h reTeporeiraoro 
pafla: Bbiine h HHace Jieacamero; cBecTH b (pH3HKe k 3JieiieHTy h Aajiee: 

71 



nepeiHCJiHTb ero b aneiteHTbi MexaHHKH; hjdi ate KoopAHHHpouaTb b xnMH»jec- 
kom pa^e; o&bHCHeHae nepBoe — 3RcnepHiieHTaJibHo; BTopoe ecTi nepe«nicjie- 
Hae, BeAym.ee k npH-MWiiuieHmo; Tperae etvn, KOMiuieKcauitH. 

Pa3Jio«eHiu xojie6aHHfl ecn> noacraHOBKa 3KBHBajieHTa MexaHHKH; 
nofl-CTaHOBKa TaKan b uecTe nporo-tpeHOMeHa hbht hbm — ctoji6 kocmhicckoh 
nbijia; KOiouieKcainia ace ecn> BOCCTauoBKa, to ecu, o6i>HCHeHHe sjiesieiiTa 
b ajieiieirre Bbicinero paAa, KOMnjieKCHOM ajih HHacejieacamero; sjieueiiT 06-bac- 
HfleTCH b Kpyre MHoroo6pa3HH ajieiiemoB, a nouinae — b Kpyre iiohhthh; 
KOMUJieKcaujiB Be^eT uac k opraHmce, opraHHKa oSiacHaeiia b Tune, iid 
npHHaflJieaoiT K HAeajitHOMy iiapy, Hflea — b MeTaifoptpose Hijen. 

Tpa o5i,HCHeHHH (npH lumouni HHWejieacamero, aaHHoro n Bbimejieacamero 
pafla) cyxt TpH o6i.HCHeHHa Tere, b hohhthh, b onbrre h b HAee 10 *; nepBoe Be^eT 
k npu-MbucuieHHio; BTOpoe Hasi BbiaBJiaeT npoTO-tpeHoueH HBJiemin, Tpe-rte ace 
npecymecTBJiaex cpeHoueH; hh3boaht nflew b flBJiemte. 

Pacunipaa TeTeBO npeacTaBJieHHe o npoTO-Tnne, ju>i He Moaceii He BHaen, 
aHTponoccxpHHeCKoro xapaicTepa Tyi Jieacamefi Hflea 106 ; npoTO-THn — HfleaJtb- 
Hoe HejiOBenecTBo; yrjiy6jieHHoe tojiko sarnie npoTO-inna hem hbht ero, Rax 
XpiicTa. 

IlyTb KoimjieKcaiiidi, cboah Hfleio b HBJieHHe, npecymecTBJiHeT jthk ivnipa: 
Xpucioc noBBJiaeTCH b Kocstoce. 

TeTeBa opraHHKa mohci 6bm> jihiiib oahhm: xpHCTHaucTBou, h3jihbiiihmch 
b rocmoc; npHpoAOBe^eHHe — - XpHCTOBeaeHHeu; Taihioe npnpoAbi — XpncToc. 

Bot — BcnMimca HeBCRpbiBineacx npaB«bi "11 aiBsoro n p h p o « o - 
aoaipmejii" TeTe; BOKpyr nee oh xo/thji h b Hen oh aanyranCH; ho 
3aKpbnaa BcnbnnRa — BCKpbiaaeTca HbiHe. 

"M a a p o" — HBJieHHa b perpeccHH pasjiaraiOTCH b asjieHiu "liiKp o", 
BHAHiioe craHOBHTca HesHAHMbtu BOBce; npn o6i>acHeHHH asjieHHH "m a k p o" 
ero ajieiieHTOM nojiynaeji TeTeB npoTO-cpeuosieH; B03Befleinie ace "m a k p o" 
B KOiouieKC: HeaHAHMoe genaeT bhahmmm, aajiaeT H«eKi 107 . IlepBbiH nyTb 

(MHRpOROCMH31l) CHHTaeTCH B CpH3HXe npOHfleilHbIM HOKOHHblM npotp. YmO- 

Bbui; h npoHfleHHbiM b MaTeaiaTHKe — noKoniitiM npotp. HaKOJiaeu EyraeBbm 
(aHtptpepeHiniajiH3M, HenpepbiBHOCTb bosboahtch b apnTJiojioraio, b koioi- 

JieKc). Mbl CTOHM y HpeOABepiia MaKpOKOCMHHeCKOH CpH3HKH H ItaTeMaTHKH Kax 

HayKH o samen CBoGo/re: 3th erpeMJieuHH H3 neap TOHHeiunero 3uaHHH A-poM 
IIlTeHHepoM BCKpbrrbi: h (pHJiococpHa iiainnx Auen ec-rb OAHa: cpHJiocotpHH 
Bamea CBoSoflM 106 . Ho sto ace crpeiiJieHHe — b TeTe; cpHJiocotpHH, 3Hamie 

H HCKyCCTBO COeAHHHHbl lie B "cBOeo6pa3HOH" o6jlaCTH 109 , a B o6jiaCTH KOHKpeT- 

HeibneH IIpaBAbi. H pHcyeitbi uau nyni: 

M exauniiniu 

1) IIcHXHHecKoe (icpacKa AymeBHaa), 

2) OpraHHHecRoe (cyoieKTHBHoe 3penne), 

3) XmiHHecKoe (npouecc), 

4) <X>H3HHecKoe (pa3apaaceHHe), 

5) MexauHiecKoe (KOJie6aiiHe). s 

72 



O'p raHHi|H3ii 

1) MexaHBHecKoe — 

(aTOMHCTHHeCKHH KosinJieKC B03BOAMTCH b sJieaieHT Bbiinejiexcaiijero 
pHAa, b pasnpaKeHiie). 

2) <X>H3H>iecKoe — 

(KonnJieKc pa3npa»ceHHn 6epeTCH b Kpyre KOUiuieKCOB, o6i>e«Hiieu- 
Hbix, KaK k a h e c t b o). 

3) XmnreecKoe — 

(KOMnjiexc naieciB b Kpyre KanecTBeiiiiocTeH, to ecu. a cniiTe3e 
BoenpB hthh). 

4) OpraBinecKoe — 

(KOMHJieKC BOCnpHHTHB B cHHTeae h y B C T b a). 

5) IIcHXBHecKoe — 

(lyBCTBo b Kpyre nyBCTB, coeamieHHtix b chmboji flyura). 

B cepe^HHe neat 3thmh AsyMfl nanpaBJieiniHMH jieacaT npoTO-(peHOMem.i; 
o6i,HCHeHHe — b hhx cawcx; "M a r h h t — npoxo-cpeuoMeH, koto- 
pui aociaioiBo jiHmi. aasBart, vtoSu ero o6i«chbii"'. 

06jiacii> co6cTBenHO odibii Haxo^nua b nepeceiemni nanpaBJieimii; 
rpa(pHHecKH n3o6pa3iuia OHa: * 



OopxamixtcKoe 



JUJAWtCHOt 



o > ' 




ttMUUCKM OptaHWWMOt 

5-oopiaHuu,ujjHi 



qMUUifCKoe 



Y 

MUKMtu'utWtt 



^exariau,u3jni 



' GNS. IV. Band, Z. A. Spruche in Prosa. 

73 



Onnuta b 0CBein.eHHH 3tom 3aMKayTa meatfly <pH3HKo-XHMHen; laiecTBo 
b Hen r KOJiiieciBy HecBOflnsio b npn-MfciinJienHH KOJieGaimfi mm oh a He 
HyacflaeTCH; hjih ate flonycKaeT: pafl flpyrnx npH-MbimjieHHH; to ecTb: secb seep 
MeTOflOB; h flonycKaeT rpaflaunio; ho tbk B3HTaH, 330TepHHHa ona; onTHKa 
b aeepe mctoaob H3o6pa3HMa. 



^a*°|W<W 




Onimeciai teopna reie. 

3flect OHa — Bpoaene MeTaMop(po3bi h a e h. 

TaK BCTaeT o&tHCHeHHe nojioaceHHa KanecrBa b cbctoboh TeopHH TeTe; 
nojioaceHHe anejuinpyeT k BAyiiHHBon, k BHHMaTejubHOH mi.ic.jih; 3flecb oho 
nonaflaeT b cjioarabie o6jiacrH TeTeBOH opraHOJiorira, He oueHeHHofi, HenoHH- 
toh, B3bisaioiqeH k 6yflym,eiiy; b 3tom impe opraHHKH TeTe — "KonepimK 
h KenJiep" 110 ? to eCTb: npoBHflei* "flyxoBHoS Haywi". 

OpraHHKa 3Ta — BOccTaime Been npHpoflbi: BoccTairae H3 caiepTH... 

— B XpHCTC 

74 



§ 43. BpametfM0 CMbicna 

Ho Hafl CJIOBCHOCTbH) 3TOH B03BI>IUiaeT CBOH TOJIOC aneJIJIHl(HH 

HHOro xapaRTepa: — 

— "CoBepiueHHO 3anyiaBiuuci> b c b o e h nojie- 
MHKe c (j)H3HKOi,IIIieniiep npoi3aoc»i cjie^yromyio M H o r o - 
3H a»« euaT e JibH y M yrpoayiKio xpa cxn... npuimiia ei 3a Kaie- 
CTBeHHOCTH, xoiopue... c y m e ctb y K) t... BHyxpH nocjiefliiero 
(opraHH3Ma), tot BUHyxgea h see iiaieiiaiEHecKoe... nepejio- 
mib b 3to BHy TpeHHe e"*. AnejiJiHipiH — onepaimx; to ecn>: npoMBOJiiHoe 
OTcenemie ciibicjia b HenoiumiOM BarjiHAe; hto cxaaajm 6bi o achctbbh onepaiopa, 
KOTOpi>m 6w Hanaflaji Ha npoxoacnx co CKaJitnejiesi h nHHUCTOM b pyKax h no 
npaBHJiaM XHpypnreecxon TexHHXH coBepinaJi OTceneHne, HanpHiiep, rojioBM, 
a caepmeHHe BHBHCexiniOHHoro araa MamicpecTHpoBaji 6m anejuuimien k co6paB- 
meaCH xyqxe npoxoacax: 'T o c n o fl a, c h a uejiociuociL ecu 6 e 3 r o ji o - 
sai uejiociHOCTi^ce He ecu h e jiob e k, 11 o: ce eciL pyKo-iior". 
Tax nocTynaeT Ham aBTop Ha/4 opraiiH3UOM H3 mmcjih; ecjm 6 3tb ero jinxae 
nocrrynKH 6&uni 6m Tax H3yHem>i, krk ohh mhoh H3y Heni>i, — He coMiieBaiocb a: 
flaace tot TOMepmecKHH Kpyr, npoaaraaioiHHH HaJHxaxe, — hob coflponayjicH 6m! 



§ 44. KaMecTBO 

Mmcjih fl-pa IIlTeHnepa no noao/jy sonpoca o xanecTBax 
nepejiaraevti tojibko Tax: kto k KOJiHHecTBy cboaht KanecrBa BocnpHHTHH, tot 
yHHTroa<aeT rpaHHH.y: Meatfly BiienrauM h BiiyTpeiiiiHM MiipoM, tto npHBOflHT 
Hac hjih — x cy6teKTHBH3uy BepKJiex, hjih ace: k iienpaaoMepnOMy cjihthh) 
AByx HecjiHBaeMBix coflepatairan: rHoceojionpiecKoro c MexaimnecKHM; u aa/ja- 
*m KpHTHiecKOH (pHJiococpHH noflMeuHiOTca: nepeacnTi>iM "n p o 6 a 6 h ji h 3 - 
m ok" HayXH. Kax yan^uM mm HHHce: KpHTHini3M 3mhjihx MeTHepa, yTonyBiun, 
xax co6cTBeHHO xpHTHini3M, nJiasaeT nofl oGohmh (pJiaraam; "npo6a6njiH3- 

H a" H "cy&teKTHBHOCTH". 

He noHHMafl orceTJiHso 6biTa nayrooro TBopiecTBa h "k p h t h h e c k h" 
H3MeiiHH ce6e, He nomniaeT Ham aBTop: jianH/iapiio pa36pocannwx oroBopoK no 
aflpecy (pH3HKOB; He noHHiiaer h npHBO/nuioro imace — 

"B fleflCTBHTejIb- 

hocth uei npefliieioB... coflepaaiiHe Koiopux 6ujio 6 m co- 
TBopeHH&iM n p h nonHMaiiHH h x b uupaxeniiH uexaiiHHec- 
K011 hjih iiaTeiiaTHHe cxom"**. To ecTt: — 

— rteHCTBHTejn,uocTb He njia- 
BHMa b rpaipe, a MaTeMaTHKO-MexaiiHiecKoe couepacaHHe — 3M6jieiiaTHYHO, 
rpa<pHHiio. 



•PoF. 117, 118. 
**GW. 164. 



75 



BecxoaeHBO uajioe xojie6aaae h uaTepMBJT]>iu.m oipesoK (sjiexTpoa, 
MOJiexyjia, «tom), MOAejnpyx Ha6jnoflaenocTi» (seioecTBa b mauttsxn), — ot 
Ha6juofleiDM b3btm; a 3if6jieiiaTmecxoif nape ohm — oxHsaiOT KOHxpeTHo; 
ho KOHxpeTHOCTfc mill — 3 t a, h a m a xoHxpeTHOcn: TenjioB&a h cbcto- 
b«s; ocofieBHO a xexmnecxoM npHMeaeHim; cjieAyer oximiaTb: TeoperaHecxHH, 
rpacpHiecKMB btom; 3to — <pH3H<iecKHB btom; Aaxe oh He npeaeji AeJUMOCTH 
MaTepHan&Hofi, a — Bycrefimee npmtbnQjieHHe, ocyxACHHoe jiozrayTh — b ne- 
peceHeHHH chji; Hao6opoi: TexmraecxHH, npaxTHHecxxx btom, to ecri. xh- 
mnecxHH btom, ecu. peajn>HbiH npeaeji — stoh box, aejimios uaTepmi: 
acejiTOH, TBepAoft, ropiOHeS — MaTepBH oepu; oh — coBepmeaao KOHxpeTeH; 
■3 Hero He Bbutyiaxnn. xaiecTBa; x noarony KaiecTBa — ueHTp Bcefi Hayxti 
o semecTBe; cam.ni (pxsxMecxHX nepeHOC He pacTBopaeT Han seioecTBa; 
BCCOBOe xojmiecTBO He n&erca b rpaABDHH naaBOMepHoa h cooTBercTBeHHon 
rpaAaion xaiecTB, a AaeTC* — nopuBaica: cxaqxaioi aTOMHUx Becos; 
BejnnxHa 3acci> — HHAHBHAyajtbBO npHJioxeHa; h ochobhoc — cpoACTBo 
3oect; Tax tto He bchxoc KanecTBO nepejioaunao b KOJnnecTBo; xanecTBO 
h xojDPiecTBO — ninepTpo<pHH paccyAKa; orroro to: — "k p a c h o e, hto 
a my ■-.. Bi6paitii... cyn opo, paijioxmoe jihihi, 
b paccyAxe"*. 

To ecTk bot 3to «rto: HenocpeACTBCHHOCTb — nepBi.ni yroji apeuaa; cyiuta 
yrjiOB ecn. Hayxa; yrjiosoe — ee conepxamie; AaHHOcn., npeAonpeAejua 
yuibi, OTAejueT cooctbchho coAepxaHHe ot yrjioaoro, psyioero co6cTBeaao 
coAepxamre h HBJiaiomero... (Hy xotb 6bi b3htj> xpacxy)... xpacxy — to 
cyimoio xojiefiaHHi, to KaiecraoM, HyBCTBeHHbm Bounnuxaeif; Aaxe: 
BOcnpxHHMaionpiM KyacTBOM; Tax paaopaana AaHHOcn.: b hcbhahhoii, 
bhahmom, BHyrpeHHeii, BHeumeM, mnoTCTaHHOM, npHnunuieHHOii h bo B3htom 
KOHxperHO, HenocpeACTBeHHOCTb AaHHoro — BHe ycjiOBHtix yrjiOB; Aaxe BHe 
opraHOB HyscTB — ecrecTBeHHOH stoh chmbojihxh, — noToxy tto noHanie 
o"iyBCTBeHHOM o p r a h e" — Haim ycjioBHO nocrpoeHo; h AeficTBirreju,- 
HOCTb, Hanpswep, Han Aaeicx He b opauacCBOM h njiaiymeaa — nopo3Hi>, 
a — b "opaaKeioM n ji a «« e"; aHajiormi oinyineHXH (bbcthoh cjiyx, 
iiejiOAHiHaa xpacxa) 6jinace x hoajihhhoh AaHHocTa, Hexejix iioaaaxa 
MHOroo6pa3Hi>ix cjioxenxR hs 3Byxos, cjiob, xpacox; ho iio3aHxa — Muorojm- 
khb noxpoB Ha eAOHOB njiepone: Ha abbhocth: aneo, ara abbboctb coAepxirr: 
AepxHT MHoroe b... b «mm oHa Aepxvr? II o Tern — b HAee: bcb bcbhahmocti. 

MMCJDI (npHMfcimjieHHOH, BI.IBOAHMOH, UI,eUBUX.t&, CJIHBalOUteH) C BHABMOCTtK), 

BCTaKtH^eio b opraHe, rapiiOHmecKH nepejiiic-TCH b HAeio, xoTopaa oahb h Aaua 

— BenocpeACTBeBBO Han b n3aa<iajn.Bemneii, b nocjieAHeifaneii cMticjie: 

— "K o Jie6 bbhh... oTBCHanufie... ipaceoay, nor 6i»i h, xax 
pneiii BHAeTb, ecJiH 6 a sin 3ioro opraun30Ban 6mji... 
iji a 3. Ho c ABaxeHHeii 6ujio 6u cimio ineiauieHie 
xpacHoro"...** 



•GW. 164. 
••GW. 165. 



76 



Bnewrjiemie b rpaaanHH Tele nepaoe a BBJieHHOH H3BHe xpacxH, h n3Bne 
apaatbaaataaaHy xojieGanaio: xojie6aasui, xpacxn — npoayxx pacmenJieBiu. 
Bot inrraxa, cataiaaK>in.aa jianHoapHO paa6pocaHHiie xycxH B033peHHH TeTe. 
Asxop Ha <ppa3y xmiaeTca: onepapyeT, 6e3TJiaBnr, 6eccMbicjnrr; h — nepen. 
Ham ypoA". "p y k o - b o r". 



f 46. BnApaitMn 

"P y k o - h o r" c TpeacoM xaxaTCH: — 

— "Ciiemiiai coaep- 
meiHO paaJiHHUbie n/iaii cpHaBKH a TeteauciBa, IDiciHep 
DonaAaei a n p o c a k h, Aonyciai ic niotemecii, 
a no-CBoeMy anoflixTiiecu, BH6pan,HOHHoe /iBaaceHae 
b cieioion njieaii, roaopai, no abixchhc 3to b npo- 
CTpaacTBe oh, HI t e h b e p, mot 6m, pa3yuccica, yaiffeik, 
ecJiB 6w rJia3 6mji cooiaeiciieiHO op ra hh 3 osa h... Bot 
■ oiasuiatTCi UlTefiHep nepea 3to Beo6jiyMa3aoe iaaa- 
jieHie cpeAB Tex Banaux panoBux <J>h3hkob, xoiopuc. 
3a6biJin, hto 3(pHp'" — yau! TOJibKO rig ot oa",..' — 

B TBK 

nunet: Ha rojiOBOKpyaaaTejibHbix, "leptue jilhux" ayrax, — jictbt. 
Ho: — 

— "IIpocTpaHCTBO — iflei" 1 "". 

— "KapTHHa mpa... ecTb cyMiaa aocnpiiTii 6e3 b oc- 
hobc jieacau^ei iiaiepaa"""". 

— "KojieGaaiB s^iiipa cyxb... iiciue o6paau (paHTa- 

J M """. 

Tbk roBopBT A-p HlTeHHep; to ecxb oh lOBOpHT: naCTbra o6paa (paHTaaaa 
3bi6jieTca b BocnpHHTHH bach; o6paa stot — HecymecTByKJinaii xyconeK 
MaTepBB b HecymecTByiomeB... 3bi6a. 

Abtodckhb "pyKO-Hor" BbipbiBaexca a yjxeraeT: acpapHoa <paHxa3aea; 
aBTOp na^aeT "p y k o - h o r o m" — Ha BepxaKajtbHoa ayre. KoMjaeHTaposaTb 
"jiaxepaxypnoe p e 3 K) ia e" — CKymo: a une, a HHxaxejiio; ac«b oho — 
xpacTajuiBHHo: a pacTBopaif o 6ea ocTaxxa — b "b o 3 3 p e h a a x" a- pa UlTeHHe- 
pa; He mob bhhb, ecjm aBxop "b o 3 3 p e h a h" o6oineji, aattenaa ax cjiobom, 
KOTOpoe oh Hanenaxaji b sarjiaBaa: "Pa36op b 03 3 p eHaa"... He KpHXHK oh, 
— oxceKaiejn. oibicjta naxax; oh no noso/ry xaagiOB BbmajniBaeT xpyToroHHoe 
xojieco paccy»AeHHH 06 o6e3rjiaBJieHHbix xeKCTax; a — KpbiJioBHBHO nopxaeT 
6earjiaBHUa — b M03ry y naxaxejin; ee-xo bot h npaxoaaxcH o6e3BpeacHBaTb... 



•PoI\ 121. 
** GNS. IV Band, E. A. Wesen dea Raumes, XXVI. 
*** GNS. in Band, Materie. XIV. 
•••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. Chromatik. 326. 

77 



Ho Tyr B03HHKaeT onacaocTM perpetuum mobile. 

TojICTMB TOM "P a 3 M M ID JI e B B n" TOHHeTCH 3a TOHKOKJ KBBTOB "jl B - 

icpaiypHOPO p e 3 10 m e"; 3a jho6ok> CTpammeio hochtch spaa crpaaaHHaji 
CBopa: HacraiaeT a o6e3uiaBJi»BaeT; neyacejia see line npoflejibiaaTb to ace; 
h 3a6eraTk aafl 6eraMB, 6e3rjiaBH h Beman; opBirra Hanafleiraa, cxBaTOK a nponero 
canepHoro oejia aenpeMeaao 6m nynajiacb: k BMeaaM KaHTa, fflajuiepa, TeTe, 
IIjiaTOBa, TejibMrojibi^a, HwoToaa a npoHero-npoHero-nponero... snjioTb ao... 

— Ilbepa JJioraMa (?) HecoMHeimo 6 npa6aBBJiBCb BMeaa: CaoBopoAM, Ho6ejia, 
BHUiapKa a... noaxa netrraypa, BicmoHaiourBx Tesiti: apxeojioraa, npoTeiunioB- 

HOB HOJIHTHKH H... KepOCBBBOTO npOH3BOflCTBB. TojICTOliy TOMy UHOB HeCOMUeH- 

ho 6m flaH 6m ji: mob AByx-TOMHMH otbct; h — mhototombcm "c o 6 p a h h a 
coiHHeBii" c npHJioweHHod 6aorpa<paeB a nopTpeTOM otbcthjih 6i>i: 
noHBTaTCJia asropa; 6yAymaa xapaKTepHCTHK anoxa — OTMetHJi 6bi sto. 

H — Hei! 06pBiBaio — aobojimio: nepecTaio KOMMeHTupoBaTb. 

Co6paaae coHBaeaaii, AByx-TOMae a 6yflymaa xapaKTepacTBK anoxa 

— nyraMT Mean. 



§ 46. Mstoammbckmh nrnopajinsM 

Mob KOMMeaTapaa k "M apoB033peaaio r e t e" aior 6m chb- 
tbtifCH npeflB3HTiiM b eflBBCiBeaBOM cjiynae: ecjia 6m n-p JUTeaaep b cBoeM 
BatnHflfi aa coBpeMeaaoe 3aaaae onpe^ejieaao 6m ae 6mji: MeTOABHectcHM 
nJuopajiHCTOii; ao nosaaaa njuopajiH3Ma, KaK bbabm mm (b yBBABM Bnocjiefl- 
ctbhh), — jieaxMOTBB ero yneaaa o aeTOAe. 

Bot oa hto rosopBT: "E cjib 6 kto-jib6o a 3 iieciuocig A me, 
ataBymeMy b B, n o c ji a ji iejieipaiiHy, to tor«a 6m ice to, 
h t o... n p a in ji o 6 m MBe aa p y k a, 6 e 3 o c t a t k y socciajio 6 m 
b £. TejierpaipacT bbxoahtch b B; a numei oa aa 6 y a a r e, 
h a x o r a a b A ae 6 m b in e a, nepaajiaMa, ae 6mbbibmb b A; can 
oa A coBepuieiiHo ae saaeT...; KopoTKO toiopa, mo»ho Mae 
c e 6 a y 6 e a a t b, hto ji e »t a in, e e n p e a o mboio n p b 6 m ji o ae a 3 A. 
Tea ae m e h e e: b c e, Bocciaimee b B, una coAepacaaaa — pas- 
a 03 a a hbo... Tax o6cio»i...c Miipoii rjiaaa"*. 

MeTOflHHecKHH njnopajni3M — Hajumo. 



§ 47. I"fl« OpeaxHT cbot 

"Myflpee... — npoieci Tere apona HbiOToaa, bm- 
paaceBBbia b cjiosax"cBeT a rjia3 — oflHO a to ace"**. 
TeTe eaue nojiaraer: cseT co3flaji rjia3 m . 



• GNS. Band, XXVIH. 
••Pol". 121. 



78 



IIpHBOAH BOCTOHHHO 3UaMCBRTOe HeTBepocTHmHe TeTe — 

War 1 nicht das Auge sonnenhaft, 
Die Sonne konnt' es nie erblicken; 
Lag' nicht in mu des Gottes eigne Kraft, 
Wie kbnnt' una Cottlichea entziicken? 1 " 

h fl-p IIlTeHHep pyuaer: caeT coa^an rjia3. 

CaeTOBaJi BBCfcifeaaocTi. Half OTKya.a-TO idjictch: OTKy^a? 

Tna 6pe3aan CBeT? 

Ha b npocTpaaciBe, aa b uia3e: CBeTa Her b Bbipaaceaaax apocfpaacTBa, 
hh — b GjiecKe rjiaa; ajianyT npodpaHCTBa jiynaMH; cojme«moio cjie3oa ropnT 
rjiaa; Ha6jnoAeHae OTKpbntaer: nosepxHOCTB h crflaceaae MycxyjioB; bo noBepx- 
hocti. ae njianeT; nycKyjiii He BbiceieaiOT oraa; cseTa ae-r; b HeT BbipaKemui; 
coBepmaercH nepeaeceHHe: 3a rjias h npocxpaHCTao. 

K HaGjnofleHHio mm npaicbiaijiaeif: caeTOByio BH6painuo; a uaa a36yxoB 
opraHOB nyacTB crpomi a36yxy MeTOflaiecKoa mbicjih: b Apoacaaaa pa3JiaraK)T- 
cx: b noBepxHoert, b nycRyji; aMpaaceaae cseTJioro njiaia CTaiioBHTca: Mexa- 
HHMecKBM TpeneioM, a WHBaa Apoau. — iiepTBoa 3bi6uo. 

3to 3HaHHr: coAepxaaae Tejierpaiouu b 6yKBax opraaoa nyacTB Tenepi 
nepejioaceao: b aexaHBiecKHe tojihkb Tejierpaipa (xejierpaipHaH Becxb jieTHT 
b B B3 — A). Ho coAepxaaae — ae tojihok; ae coneTaaae GyKBeHHOe, 
a — flBa nopa/pea ycjioBaocrea; coAepacaaae flawe ae b A, bo b flyine 
aujBymero b A: A — ajupaBHT; to ecTt: caiiaa bo3m03khoctb ycjiOBHTtca. 
BocnpHHTHe — 3aKOH otabh h npHHTHH MHoroo6pa3HH BOJiyMaeifbix a sneiaT- 
jukmmx 3HaKOB; Bocnpaarae arpaeT cboGoaho aa KJiaBHinax BaeMBTaeaun 
b coeAHHJieT AOKJiaAti pa3uoo6pa3HH opiaaoB; Bocnpaaxae BaeTeaecao: 
OTToro-TO b HeM b ecn» B03iioacBOCTB ycjiOBHTi>CH; OTToro-TO obo npoHauaeiio 
b aeii atHsyupuf saxoaoia: oh cjiaraeT b iiaTepaio 6yxs pa3aoo6pa3Be 
BnenaTJieHBH a aajiaraeT nenaTa: HaneiaTJieBBfl pa3JieTaH)TCH ot iieHH: ot 
yxa, ot rjia3a; Tax Boaipeine, <ipe3 "B03-3peHae" rjia3a, CBeTOB&iMa 
HAOJiaiia, kbk CKa3aji ^eMOKpirr, pa3JieTaeTCH BKpyr Mean, o6pa3ao OTBep- 
ACBafl a o 6 p a 3 y h: itae — 3peHae ,u . 

CyitHa Bcex BneTOTJieaaa ecTb tctio ajupaBirra: mob opraaH3u — 6yflro 
ry6Ka, onyineHHbia b Manepajti.Hi.ie hbcth MaTepaa a min npoua3aHHi.ni 

HBCKB03b, K8K B0A0H; TaK CTaHOBHTCH OH H <pH3HieCKHM OpraHHSUOM. 

3to 3HaHHT: aifeioniBB co«epatain!e Tejierpamtu b tom JMixn, cjiyiae 
saxpennT eio b 6yxBax, ecjra oa aiieeT pyKy, nepaajia, nepo a xyconex 6yuara; 
nepBaa scer^a y aero; ocTaJn>Hoe oa ce6e noxynaer b A, b ropofle; 3TO ero 
BnenaTJieHaa; HaneiaTJiemje — pyna; nanenaTJienHe — ayineBHoe MyscTBo; 
BneHBTJieHHH — HyBCTBeiiHOCTb, coeAaaeHaaa c nyscTBOM, to ecTt: HyacTBeH- 

HOCTb, B3HT8H HyBCTBOM, BOT CyTb BOCnpHHTHH; 3TB Cyib CO-AepiKBT; 3TO "co", 

cocyfl, ecTb — Ayuia; noTOiiy-TO BCHKOe coAepxaaae, Kax coaepacaaae, e/iHHCT- 
BeHHO a bo3mojkho b flyineBHOCTH; BaeAyaieBHoe co/jepacanae — nycroa 3b>tc; 
B neT ero bobcc 

79 



Tejieipaiuia uuieTCH b nopaAxe: narracaHBH 6yKB u tojiikob Tejierpa<pa; ho 
npocipaHCTBeHHOCTb 6yxBeHHbix 3H8jcob h BpeMeHuan cBCTeMa tojihkob paauo- 
3Ha«cai.i flJiH coflepsKamiH; paajioaceaHe MexaaaxB nyaxTOB ajieMeuTaiiH Bpeiie- 
hh h cuoateHHe paajioxceHHbix nyHKxos a KOHKpeTHyio npocTpaHCTseimocTi. 
6yKB — ABe paBao3HaHBBie a6cTpaKOHB: — ayinesHoro coaepaeaaHH, KOTopoe 
oaho h KOHKpexHo: b e r o CBeTe a opraHbi — a6cTparHpyK>T nyaCTBa; cpas- 
BHTejiuiaH KOBKpexH3anBa — b "t a k c k a a a t b": <rro KOHKpe-riiee b lyscTBe 
— Bcero joimi> KonajiexcBee Tyr; OTpemHBmHCb ot co-aepacamiH, ycraHOBJiaeM 
«Ba pxaa: ajiejieirroB, KOimjieKCOB. 

MeTOflHHecKH npoBe^enHbie, ohh pa3BepnyTca: b opraaBOBSM, b MexauaaM. 

3ro — abb Ka6eju iieacay A h B; or iieaa — hko Mae; opraaBHHSii — or 
iieua; b ko iiae — MexauaaM. 

TaxoBO pe3K>Me xo^a Xbicjiefi, Taameroca boa ocMeaaaoB (ppaaoio b b aeS 
3aKJiK>ieHHoro: 

"K ojie 6 a hbh... ot b e h aw ma e... ipacuovy, not 6bi 
a xix ABHaceaiix BHAeTb... Ho c ABH»eHHen GbiJio 6bi caiia- 
bo BneiaTJiEHHe xpacaoro"*. Co-AepxaaHe cooTBeTCTBenHbix n b b - 
xeaii b xpacaoro — offlBo; oho KopeHtrrca b Ay me. IIoTOMy-T0 a <ppa3a 
A-pa HlreHHepa, cacHMawmaa aoaapenae Ten: — 

— "Csei Haii a a a b a e - 

lOCpeffCIBCEEOH BOCnpBXTBB"**, — 

— sonpeKH TyT BCTaiomejiy "p y - 
x o - h o r y": — 

— 'Tfle flaH? B xaxoii BOcnpniHn?3io jib 60 tpax- 
iHiecnai 00161a hjib niciiieciai puT op hk a..." 7 H6o 
nycn K a hc A bi b cnpocBT c e 6 H, bbacji jib oh bo b h e in h e h 
npHpoAe cbct, HMtBHO 6 e c x p a c o hh j>ib CBei"***, — 

— (ppasa 3T» 
b Ayxe B033peauH TeTe b coBepmeaao xcaa: cjieflyeT TOJibKO cnpocHTb, ae rAe 
abb, a xax Aaa. Bonpoc "rje a a h" apHBCAex x Ha6jnoAeHHK>, HaSjaoAeaae me 
OTxpoeT "noaepxHOCTb c b e h e a b x"; ho aaGjiiOAeHBe — <paKT BTopai- 
hmb h BoenpHHTBK) rereporeBBbifl; BoenpaxTBe we stob caiiofi aoBepxaocxB 
Aaw BnenaTJieHHe cseTa. HaAO cnpaurasaTb: "xax flau CBeT?" H OTBena-rb: 
b BoenpBjrnm. 3to aaaHBT ao TeTe: Aaa b Ayine; 3to oaa aajiaraeT nenaTB Ha 
BHenmee pa3ApaweHne: — 

— "CoAepxaHie «eaciBHiejiiHociii — 
oipaaeHie coAepataHBH aameio «yxa... Jlmnb nycme 

(pOpMbl B OCS pHHHM ae M I3IBI Mbl"****. 

— TfiexfleHHe aojix- 
bo npoiiH3aTb Bee aayxa: ax co a ep aca hh e... co«epaaHne 



•GW. 165. 
•• GW. 172. - 
***PoI\ 125. 
•*•* GEGW. Denken und Wahmehmurig- 

BO 



MbtCJIH, H OKI H6 CTOHT C'BOCnpiIIIIHI II H B KaKOH IIOH 

oTHomeuHi, xax tojibko b o«hom:b bo cnpHH hm a em.ix hmh 
o6texiax mflii ohh jihiiii> oco6yio (popiiy noHani"*. Tax 
roBopRT fl-p EDbre&Hep. 



S 48. "CTaHOBiiaHH*", "craBuie*", 6noreHe3Hc m fl-p UhraftHep 

Bee pasjnrae B033peHHH Hwo-roHa h Terte, OTHeceHHoe k xpacxe, 
iioxho Bfcipaamtfc b o6pa3e. 

KpacoHHocn ecTk Baimcaaaoe coAepxaHxe Tejierpainu.1 ua miocTpairaoM 
uape<niH. Hmotoh npeAJiaraeT ero nepesecna b tohkh Tejierpa(pa; TeTe ace 

— nepeBCCTH ua fl3bnc 6yxB; Ha pogHoe nape«nie. 3to SHamrr: Komuiexc 
BneiaTJieHKB 06a ohh npeAJiaraiOT cnepsa pasjioatirn. b aneueaTbi; ajiencHTbi 
HuoTOHa cyn» ajieMCHTbi HHxejiexam.ero h perpeccHBHoro paAa (iiexaHHUHa- 
Ma); 3jieneHTU ate TeTe HaxoAHTca b tom xe pa«y, xax xoimjiexc; sjieiiem 
Huotohb — npocTemnHH MexamnecxxH tpaxTop; ajieiieHT TeTe — npocTOH 
<paxi BoenpHHTHa; nepBBrii ecri. — KOJie6aHne; BTopofi — xejrroe, cratee. 06a 
cyn. 3jieneHTu, ho HHoro nopxAxa paAOs; "xepToe", aneiieHT nporpeccHBHoro 
pxAa, ecn KomuieKC ajm perpeccira; h ajieaieirr, KOJie6awie, b "xcjitom" 

— cjioatHeHmHfl xoMmiexc. 

IlepeBOAH aa H3biK K0Jie6aHnx: HWOTOHHancacoe noHHitauHe hbm rjiacin: 
Ajih HayHHoro o&bHCHeHHfl coAepxaHHe He aojmkhbi noHHMa-ri. mbi HanacaHHtix 
cjiob: bhahm "a jib (pa" — BBicTyXHBaeif: cnepsa "a", iiotom "ji"; h — Tax 
flajiee; h ho r«e aojmchbi mbi: boxtb cjioBapt; cnpaBHBimiCB ("ajn^pa" no 
rpenecxH — "a"), HanacaTi.: "a". 

IlepeBOfl cjioBa aa cjiobom no TeTe npeAnojiarae-i: pa3JioxeHHe eppaau Ha 
coBOxymf oct& as cjiob; nepesefleHHoe cjiobo — ycTaHOBJieime (peHOiieaa, 
x Koxopony CBo/nrrca pafl (npoxoacfleime csexa ckbo3i> raiiy h iuie); npo- 
TO-<peHOj*eH — npocreHimrif om>rrabrii cpaicr; «aJiee — ycjioXHemie (peuoueHa; 
BOCco3AaBaHHe b ontrre npHpoAHoro pa^a: nepeBOA* cjiobo aa cjiobom, 
cJiaxaeH mbi tppaay; (ppa3y xe MoxeM — nepeBecTH b paaHbie chctcmm 

3HaHXOB. 

H rpaAauHH scero, wo mbi MoxeM, — rpaAainix mctoaob. 

3a jieTOAOM ctoht coAepxaHHe: coAepxaHHe iioxeii mbi h3jioxhti> cbohmh 
cjiobbmh — no3THHHO, Byjn>iapH0, b paTMHiecKOH npoae h b MeTpax — anane- 
trra, XM6a, xopea; MeTaMopfposa B03HHxaeT oTCWAa; b MeTaMop<po3e mbi yxe 
noxHAaev — (peHOMCHti, yitAX b odjmictb — HyueHos (paayiieeTCH, He b kbh- 
tobcxom cittiCJie)"*; HytieH — HAex 1 " mbi hacm k nporo-HyMeHy; npo-ro- 
h y m e u h ecn. npoTo-TBm; oh Aae-rca b rpaAainra HManuiainxH, bach, coAepxa- 
hhh; HAex KOHxpeTHa, Texy<ia, pa3yioia — OAHOBpeifeHHo: o6pa3iia h a<HBa; oua 
He noHHTHe 1 * ; noHaraeM oTAeJien ot Hee tpaxTHHecxaH imp; Tern. pa3yMa na 
paccyAxe — rpaAainiH hohbtiih, onpeAejunounix mctoabi; no OAiiy ee eropoiiy 



* CEGW. Denken und Wahrnehmung. 

81 



— <|>aKTbi h (popafbi; no Apyryio — nA eH i npoTO-tpeHOMeu b oauob CTopoHe; 
npoTO-HyMea — b apyrofi; MaTepnaJibHaa CHJia b oahoh; kh3hb — b flpyrofi. 

PaccyaoK hx aejnrr. 

IIpoTO-(peHOMeH — OTxpbuiaiouaiH (pare; b neji aaxou He a6cTpainiH. 
H 6epy xarymKy H3 nposojioKH, b nee BJiaraio varain: nepe#o iihox — 3jiex- 
Tpo-MarHHT, OTKpbiaaiougiH co6oh> HayKy; KaTyinxa ecTb (paKT; h MaruHT Toace 
<paKT; coeAKHBH hx * (paKTe see, MHorooGpaSHe o-ncpbisaio a 113 a-roro boboto 
(paKTa, (paKTOB k aeMy npHTeKaiomiix h ot Hero orxonHiinix. 

IlepBOpacTeime — <paHracTH>iecKHH o6pa3, He KopeuamnHCH hh b neu 
BHejiexameii; BHe-Jiexainee b hcm o&bacHjje-rcH, pacnojiaraacH b rpaaainf- 
ohhux npyrax. IlepBopacTeHae — coflepataHne (pop* pacrirrejibHOH buuhh 

— ecn. o6pa3, He BJiaraeiibiH hh b ipaKT, hh b noHBTHe; oh npeainecTByeT 

■ (paKTy, h paccyffOHHofi ipopiie; cortepacaHHe ecTb Tyr — (popua, H <p°P Ma 
TyT — co^epacaHHe; nepBopacTemie — cymecTBO AyxoBHoro MHpa, o6jieHeHuoe 
b CHMBOjnoty HyBCTB; steTaiiopcposa bach uaneqaTaua Ha casion AymesHOH 
choco6hocth: BOo6paxaT&; Hneajn>Hbrif o6pas eeri. o6pa3 cryiqeHHfl ayxa 
— ■ b flyraeBHOH <paHTa3HH; <paHTa3HH b cboio onepeflb — nenaTaeT iie- 
TaMop<po3y b HyBCTBeHHO BCTaionqie BoenpHHTHH — b Kpacxe h cpopiie; 

■ Tyr — Teresa o6jiacTb "lyBCiBtauo ioiboi cp a h t a 3 h h"; no 
ee 3aKOHaii nocrpoeH imp BneiaTjieHirit; ho imp BnenaTJieHiifi — npnpoAa; 

Mil npHXOAHM R B03MOXHOCTH BHfleTt: CaMbie BeXH CJIOHCeHHfl o6pa30B nac 

oGcTaaraeH npapoobi; h npnxoAHM k bo3moxhocth BHfleTi.: MaHH<pecTainno 
Taihibix 3HaROB ee; ueTaMoptpoaa BOcnpitHiuiaeMbix oGpasos — b 3anaAaHHH 
o6paaa, Kax H3BHe B03HHKinero nepea aasin, — ecTt nocjieflHee yiuioTnenHe 
npHpoAbi; "MaTepHfl" — (BneiaTJieHHe nocjie-o6pa30B flyxosiioro MHpa) — ecu. 
cjiobo; h — tojo>ko; BnenaTJieHae — oTpaxeHne neiaxefi; nenaxn — bach; 
npnpoAa xe — paajioiianHbrii Ayx; pyx — KHneHHe 1 "; orpaxaeTca oh 
b KHHHmeit * npHflaiomeii; He b "to' 5v " 1M — b "jhzvto jSeT" 1 "; b "ct«- 
h o b ji e h b e", b KHneHbe. ToiHoe omicaHHe Toro, mto ecrb coocTBemio KHnamaa 
acB3Hb, HaM flaei BbicoKaa Iirea: — 

— "Co3epuaa, o IlapTiia, Moh> (popity, cto- 
jnucyw, TbicjweBHAHyio, 6oxecTBeHHyio, pa3Hoo6pa3nyio no uBeTy h oiepTa- 
HHflM... Bo33pn Ha Mojo u.apcTBeHnyio Hory..." 

— "Mojibhb 3to, o I^apb, BejnfKHH TocnoAB Horn, Tapn, bbhji ApAatyne 
Cboio BbicOHafiinyio (popaiy... C 6ecHHCJieHHbiMH ycTaiiH h onaiiH, bo mhoi-hx 
nyflecHbrx BBJieHHJix... c 06pam.emn.nf Bciony jihkom... Apflacyiia yBHfleji... 
BceJieHHyw, pasflejieHHyio Ha nHoxecTBO HacTen, coeflHHeHHbix Boe^HHo b Tejie..." 

— "TorAa ApAxyna, noTpjiceHHbni H3yjiJieHHeM, c bojiocbmh, BCTaBimtMn 

Abl6ojl, CKJIOHHJI rojioBy..." 

ApawyHa cKa3aji: 

— "BuyTpa Tsoei cpopiibi, o Bor, BHxy BoroB, Bee BHAbi cymecTB 
H KaxfluS c OTJimHeu cbohh... C pyKaiw, rpyoHMH, ycTann, onaMH 6es cnera, 
BWOAy h BHxy Te6n; 6ecnpeAejibHbj tboh npoHBJieiiHH... hoao6ho orHio, njiaMe- 
Hex, kbk cojume, ciiensin.ee B3op, CTpeMHim. Tbi no-toKH jiynea c He6ec 
Heo&tHTHbix. IIpeBbnne Bcex Mbicjien mohx, HeH3MeHHbiH TocnoAb, Bbiconan- 
ihhh KoBier, asjvtBaiouxwa TsopiecTBO,,. H e ji o b e k, npe6bisaioupfH Benno: 

82 



TamiM mbicjiht y»i moS Te6a... Tboh pyKH 6ea cnexa... B Te6a BCTynaiOT coHiibi 
CBeT03apHi.ix, cjioatHB... pyKH... KaK pa«yra, nepejinsaHCb apKHMU KBeiaiux, 
Kacaenn.cn Tbi... He6ec, c OTaepCTbiMu ycraim, Bpaman... 3pa««tn oneii!.. 
BnepeffH h n03afln, co Bcex cropoH, oihh 6eccieTHbix H3biKOB Tbohx... IlbiJiaeT 
Map..." (BxaraBaT JTHTa, Il-a Gecefla.) 

2Kh3hk — b CTaHOBjieHHH; ciaHOBJieBBe ace — b MeTaiiop(po3e Hflen, a lie 
b 6ere BpeMeHHbix cpopM, BbipaCTaioiinix c ropHaoma aMe6oS h Hac o6cTa- 
ioiaiix... jaofthits; aurop 3anyra.itca: "B HoreneTHiecKHH 3 a k o h r e k - 
Kejia" 4 ..., roBopam.HH o tom, hto,.. nciopm paiBBin in- 
Ahb h ay y m a oipixaeT... HCTopmo pa3iiiii pofla... ecib 
CJiimioii nocneiUHUH BbiBOfl"*... pasflaeTca Ha aceii npoTajKemra 
kubth no aapecy... n;-pa IHreibiepa, noAiepKHyBinero 3naHeniie CTaiiOBJieHHa 
y TeTe; aBTop — nonaAaeT Bnpocaie: 6aoreue3Hc — cryneHii cxoscAeuim Ayxa 
b BOcnpanTHe aaiae, Aamibie Ham b pasjiOMainiosj sepKane h b o6paTHOM 
nopHAKe; BMecro hot bhahm mi>i 6p&i3rH no3ra (as«e6bi); atiecTo ace rojioabi 
bhahm nory; bo KpHBoe 3epKajio OTpaataeT coo6pa3HO 3aKoay KpHBOH: iiaAO 
3Han» TyT KpHByw; h KpHBoe aepicajio — 3epKajio; saxoBbi ace KpHBH3in>i A-pou 
IIlTedBepoM HapHCOBaHbi. If 3Bpam.emioe npmuriHe "c t a h o b ji e h h h" hcjih- 
ayeuo npraoAHT aac k JJapBHHy 1 "; b npmiaTHH ace "cTaiioBJicima" HeT 
onacHOCTH; aBTop b npHHHTim 3tom bhaht rpex AapBHiraaaia. TyT on cnopmr 
Jimm, c TeTe: KpaeyrojibHoe ocBOBaHHe Been opraiiHKH snacAeTca Ha otjihhhh 
"c t a h o b ji e b h h" ot "c t a b in e r o"; TeTe TBepflHT nan: — 

— "K c t a h o b h - 
mejiyca o6pamen psayu... Ob hb paaBniiie — paflyeTca... 

— "Paccyflox 
— o6paiqaeici k ciaBme m y"... 

— "P a 3 y 11 BJia- 
CTByeT hia atHBMii; m up "cTaBioii" — uepTfl". 

— "H e b o c c t a - 
wm.ee 6ojiee, — o neii He uoxeii Mbi nyiiaii.". 

— TaK TBepAHT TeTe b "Spriiche in Proaa"**. 
3-p IIlTeBHep 3Aecb hh npn neii. TaK TBepAa, Tere aejiaeT oroBopicy 
rpoHaAHeBmefi BaacHOCTa: — 

— "II o h a t h e BOCCTasanHH naM 3 a n o b e - 
AaHO BOBCe"***. 

— A KOMMeHTapan A-pa niTeSuepa yrjiy6jiaeT 3Ha- 
leHHe oroBopKH: — 

"B OlHHXHOBCHHe, CTailOBJICHH e He yJIOBHMO 

paccyAKOM h b hobhthh He n p e act a b Jia e m o. B m e ct o caiioro 
ciauoBiiqeroci paccyflOK sail y ct an a b ji h Ba e t: pa A H30jib- 
poBBHHbix, npeaCAe 6ubuix, caiiiiibux uemei""". 



•Pol". 452. 
•• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 373. 
••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 374. 
••••GNS. IV Band, Z. A. ibid. 



83 



OroBopxoio 3toh TeTeBO npeflCTaBJieHHe "c t a h o b ji e h a a" fl-poM IHTea- 

HCpOM BBipBEHO H3 6aOI«Be3BCa, flapBHHJMMa H BCflieCKHX 3BOJIK)U,HOHHbIX 

Teopaa, rae npaiHHHOCTb paccyAxa — npoexqaa b 6ecKOHeiHocTH Bpeaeaa 
(CTaHOBJieHHe — b "hoeitiibom" pafle); "cTaHOBJieinie" ace — b rojibix 
cpaxTax; OTpnqaHHe <paxTOB afkypa; aanpuMep: "poaa" — xyjivrypa "ma- 

DOllIEl"; TBK KBX TyT npHBKyCbl AapBHHH3Ma, TO "p03bl" HCT?!. 

"CTaHOBJieHHe" a*ho; cpaKTbi wh3hh cyn, "cTaaoB JieBaa"; o6t.bc- 
HeHae bc b "o t 6 o p e"; o6i>HCHeHHe — b MeTaiiop<po3e; aeTaaop<po3a — HAea; 
"CTaHOBJieHHe" — 3epKajio. 

reKxejni3M — TeHfc TeHefi; ho h TeHb TeHefi — oTpaacesnie: Bo-nepsbix 

— Teaea; BO-BTopux — hx BCTOiHHKa; hctohhhk — KHneHae a y x a; b nme- 
hmh — ooMCHeaae tchh; rexxejiasa — tchb TeHefi; reKKejn, we — onbrrabifi 
reaaa, oTpaaaaae ero (paKTOB — 6e3yaae. K rexxejiio A-p IQTeftHep c BOCTop- 
roM othochtch 1 **; xto xon. pa3 B3rjUHyji b MHKpocKon, tot He ciieeT ocnapa- 
BaTb (paKTOB: 6jiacTyjibi, racTpyjiM 1 " b KHneHHH MHKpocKonniecKofi xch3hh 
(lyT Her npa-MjuHUieBBa). Ho npoexuaa racTpyjrw b uiy6& BpeaeH, yiBepacAe- 
Hae, hto r h a p a ecTi racTpyjia, cpanTacTHHHO, ycjiosHO, rpacpaHHO h paa- 
H03H8HH0: yrBepatAeHBK) CKa30HHoro flpanoHa naJieoHTOJioiHHecxHif "niepo- 
AUTijick"; b npHHarra cpaxTa, a racrpyjie — Bejnraae rexxejia, a ne 
b npoexnHH racTpyjiti b Aajn. BpeaeH: He b riiApe; reiuceju. npoaeji tiop- 
(pOJioraiecKBe 3a^aHHH J^apBHHa b <J)H3HOJiorn«iecKofi MHxporexHHxe; a apxH- 
TeKTOHHxe ero Haymofi pa6oTbi — xpacoTa, a npoexoHH "6 a o r e h e 3 h c a" 

— cyn. Moaejis; aaaBHoe ynjioTHeHae MO/jejm — cjiyqaaHaa 6jm3opyxocn> 
yieaoro; h ohb — ae onacHa; He onacea ace "BocneBaeifbrii" aexaaa3a. Meraep 
6opeTca c "lajpoi"; A-p nTreaHep jao6yeTca racTpyjiofi. H rosopHT: 3to 

— cpaxT; oh ae aoaceT He 6birb OTpaaceuHesi; TeKxejii. flaji pa^bi cpaxTos; b HeM 
bcb aarepecHo; a MO/iejin — npoexqaa cpaxTOB — BHTepecHeaiaaa AoxyaeHT. 

"CTaHOBJieHHe" — Tem.; no 6pocaenoH tchh onpeAeJiaeTca 3Aaime; 
TeHJ» 3AauHH BBTepecaea CTexJia; CTexJio He OTpaacaeT a — • nycTO; CTexjio 

— oecieHBaa aera<pH3HKa, cnexyjiBuaa npa noMoma a6cTpaKTHbix iiohbthh: 
"peajitHOCT fc", "o c h o b a" a "cyn ". 

Teab "c t a h o b ji e h h h" — reaeTHiecKH npo6eraioiiniH pan — rpaAauaB 
cymecra; ot "a a e 6 bi " a o " h e ji o b e K a"; rpaAainia TyT xpaBoe 3epxajio 
Aaaaoro "ctbhob JieHaa" — Tem. b o6paTHOM nop»Axe: BoccraaaHue 
caaoro "c t a a o b ji e h a a" H3 6ecxoHefHOCTH: paajioacenne craHOBJieHHH bo 
BpeaeHH. 

0praHH3M — TeHb a/^ea; aeTaaopcposa up,e& OToGpaxaeTca MeTaaopcpo3oK> 
opraaoB b o6paTBOM nopaAxe; b aeTaifopcpOse nepsoe — nejioaex; nocjieAHee 
ace KJieTOHKa; b "cTaHOBJieHim" cpaxTa mm bhahu: as kjictohkh pa3BHBaeTca 
opraHasa, to ecn» 3epxaJio nejioaeKa; BBiJioaceaae "c t a h o b ji e h h a" BOBpeua 
opraHHHCCKHH i^ejiocTHBia cpaxT Haa pncyeT paAaaa "isoJiHpoBiiiBux, 
npc«AC SwBinHx" OTAeJEbHOCTea; n mj»i bhahm: k Haa as Aajiea HeceTca 
aae6a, yBejianaBaacb -r- b raapy, — b tepBa; h HJieHacb — b o6e3kaHy; eiqe 
mar: abi pas6ajmci> 'o 3epxajio: mm ctohm npe/j co6oa; a ubi ayuaeii: 3epxajib- 
aoe OTpaaceHae, opraHB3M, — 3to mm. j 

84 



TaK pacyer Ban Tere "o pia'aiK y": Tan "o p r a b a k y" Tere nepeAaeT 
rt-p KTreaHep; a 6aojioras, 6epynuui ochobom chaKTbi, — mnaita: B3yieHae 
aaTepaa sepxajia a aaaoHOB CTpoeaHH OTpaxenaa; Bee Teopaa 6aojioraa 
— 6e3BpeABeamae liofl ejnt: 6bm> 3 a hhx hjih n p o t a b — ciiemBO. 

AsTop Bee nepenyraji: oh nonyiiaji, <rro Terewy iieraMopipoay pacTeaaa 
ynjiOTHHJi fl-p ffireaaep b yneaae 06 HCTopHHecKou craaoBJieBaa cJtaxTOB; 
a noflTBepiKfleHHe yBBAeji... b Teopaa 3bojuoubb; TcTe ne o&bacaaeTCB ^psa- 
hom. nepenyTaBma, aBTop BocKjmRHyji: — 

— "Hex, reTescKHH 06 pa 3 
npeflooiiTiCT nom6ayTi> b cBoea apeueuHOB npoeKKBH... 

1CII BO HTO 6bl TO BR CT8JIO If a t e p a a JI H 3 O B a T b c a... "6 o p H C b 

aa CBoe cymecTB OBaaae"... Ho acero aioro QlTeBHep He 
nveTiJi: ob napBiHiaipoiaJi reie"'. 

— TyroBaTO xe noHHMaeT 
aam aBTop b TeTe, a A-pa nTreaaepa. 

TyroBaTOCTH — b nJiaieBBeameii nyame: b cpaaTacTBHecKOM noHBMaaaa 
(peaoireaa; Tan oa cnyxaji c tbeHOMeaoii; cnyTaBma... — aapBBBB3BpoBaJi TeTe; 
to ecTt: AapBBHB3BpoBaJi 6bi HeasGeatHO b cjrynae o&bacaeaaa; BBSTBoe 
06-bHCBeBHe b eio A y x e — oabo: aapBBBB3aaHa TeTe; cjiyrHO sto npefliyn- 
CTByH, ob ot BBBTBOro o6&acHeaaH OTKa3ajica; aa6jxaroBpeMeBBo yjieneTHyji ob 
b "n H (p H 3 ""'"i y nacpHBCKoa Ai>ipbi ace BociuniKiiyji: "Albernheit!" 1 *' 
Albernheit ecu. KipoACTBO. He yaajiaa npaa CBameaaeihneB MpoABBOCTB, 
AOjiacea ■ 3acci> cxaaaTb: 6e3 see acea TeTe. 



§ 49. npoTO-4>8HOM6H m nepBopaCTBHMe 

YBaacaeiibiB as-rop nparJianiaeT b CBHineHBbie Ae6pa fljia yacae- 
bbb otwtjihbob Mbicjia; ypa3yifeaae npoTO-tpeaoMeaa xaaceTca eiiy HesoauoHt- 
hmm: a ob yGeraer b "h a m o 6 m", k "o p a k y ji a 11"; TaM oceiiaer ero BoacTaay 
Tpymo6Ha« iu>icju>; Tan eiiy HainenTajm: "IlepBopacTeHHe — npoTO-(beHOMeH 1 '. 

AsTop — b aacTHMecitoM yacace 6eraa no Tpymo6aM a namaM, — bobbt: 
"Albernheit!" 

Bcaxoe ypaayiieaae a priori o6i>HBJieBO a&Pbhhh3iiom: Tan pacvreT aa 
Jiyrax; aanopoTBBK sainteTaeT TaaacTBeaao HBaaoBoa boh&io. Abtop b mbcib- 
necKOM yacace sonaeT a3 "Hain,o6w". 

Ho fleacTBHTejn.BO. CiiemaBaTb npoTO-<fceBOMea c nepsopacTeHaeM, — 3aa- 
HttT. nepBopacTeaae yBBAera aa Jiyre; b stom cnynae poc 6bi aa Jiyre ae Tan, 
a CBMBOjmMecKBB o6pa3 4>aBTa3BH: npoemiaa Tana b AymeBayio o6pa3HOCTb. 

HAeaaoe co-Aepacaaae ecTb cymecTBo, onpeAejuuteMoe b rpaAauaa, to eerb 
b apyre cynjecrB; 3Aecb rpaAanaa — aepapxaa; nap pa3yiia, onpenejiaeifbia i n 
concreto, ecn»... aarejacxaa a apxaarejibCKBH imp lss ; ypasyaeaae coAepaca- 
bbh, cooTBeTCTBCHHO aepapxaaii, rpaAanaoaBo, to ecTb — Texyne; a coctobt 



•Por. 141, 142. 

85 



113 CMeHBI COCT0HHHH C03HaHHJj; COCTOHHHH 3TH fl-pOM ffireHHepOM XapaK- 

TepR3yeiBbi TaK: xax cocrojonie npHaraa coaepataHHH b pacnaBineiiCH Kpyre 
hohhthh (MeTOAHHecRafl ipuppmm p.yma paccyacflaiomea), b nojmosi Kpyre 
(cocTOHirae caiioco3HaioiqeB Aymn); xaK cocxoHHHe BOcnpHjrnxfl cyinecTBa 
coflepacaHHH b OToSpaaceHnn oSpaanoM (HiiarnHaipia), b jimie3peHHH (hhc- 
napainui) a b cjihhhhh c cymeCTBOM (mrryHUHH). B HMaruHannn, HHcnHpauHH, 
MHTyimHH ypa3yiieBaeM mm in concreto H/jew; nepBOpacTeHHe HH3JieTaeT 
k Ban CBfaiine, b caoefi o6pa3Hofi <popMe (<paHTa3jni), oho ecn, nocjie^Hnn aran 
BomioineHHx; h Ha Jiyrax He paCTeT oho. 

Hao6opor: npOTO-<peHOMeH — BepmHHa (peiioMenajibHoro soipa, 10 ecu. 
npeneji npo3pa«mocTH tpaKTa; oSjibcth hx c6jmataeMi,i b oahom nyHKTe; He 
conpncacaeitbi — Hwcoraa; hx HaBcerfla pas^ejiaeT — nomrnie o npnpoAHOM 
3aKOHe; (pHJiocoipHH h HayKa 3flecb npoBOfljiT rpammy; ycrpaHeime 3toh 
rpaHHUbi — BiniOJie onuia, b npaxcHce flyxoBiiOB ii a y k h: b njiasjie- 
hhh MHpa (penoiieHOB. 

TaK hto: — 

— IlepBO-pacTeHiie: ran, oTo6paHtaesibiH HMarnnaTHBHo; 

HflCO-o6pa30BaHHe B <paHTa3HH, BHyTpeHHHH o6pa3, nOCTpOeHHBm HOpuaTHBHO 

b rpanauiiH HeTaiiop<po3. 

— IIpoTO-(peHOMeH: <|>aKT; coaepinenHeHiuHM o6pa30M on 
BUHBJiHeT 3aKOH; BOCco3AasaeM oh b on&rre; hjih ace — Ha6juoflaeM b npnpoAe. 
Ecjih yrofliio, 06a cyrt chmbojim; ho chmboju>i b iiecoH3MepHMefiineM CMbicjie; 
TBopHecKHH o6paa ecrb chmboji; oinymeHHH opraHOB HyBCTB roate cyn. 
chmbojim; h chmboji — m a r h h t; ho CHCTesia TBopnecKHX o6pa30B Hapncyei 
Han THnoByw rpaaanHio; chctcmb opraHOB nyBCTB Hapacyex nail... 3mhh- 

pHHeCKHH MHp. 

ripoTO-(peHOMeH MoateT 6brri» chmbojihich h HfleHTHieii ufxtt 
— b aHajioraiecKOM CMbicjie; nepBopacTemie — b roMOjiorHiecKOM 1 ". 

AsTop hx nepenyraji: 

"...IIpaBH jiBuee 6yaeT cmni, hto nepBOHBJieuHe He 
cjieflyeT EaiMBaiL bb npociuu, 11 h c jiohchmm (...h6o oho "h 
pegjn.no h H«e a jiBii o. ..")*. 

Hjih: 

"...He CJieflyeT noaiiiiib TaK o6tirteuBO npocTO, KaK ec- 
jih 6 w r e t e jioiHiecKH oinaiica, BCjieflCTBHe aaapiHoro h a - 
6jiM)fleHHH, co3epi|aHHH, (paHTa3HpoBaHHB h Beiaiemo 

BJIOWHJI fleflyKTHBUylO leOpilO B HHAyKTHBHblH <paKT;Tor- 

na ace MeT a (J>H3H ne cko e co6uT»e c nepaop acteuu en 6biJio 
6u He a6eppaiiHefi reiiHi, a npoiiaxox o6biBaiejiH; Torja 
6bijio 6 bi iienoniiHHH, onero n e p e a cbohmh npoTo-cpeHO- 
ieBam TeTe HcnbiT biB a ji... cipaimym p o6octb... Kor« a 06- 
pa3bi hx BBJiHJiHCb nepeA hhm 6ojiee o6naatenHo"". 



•PoI\ 101. 
"Por. 49, SO. 



86 



Hjih: 

"..Jeie HAei k "oT/tejikHOiiy c Jiy Haio"... h bot evy HaiH- 
h a e t xasaiici, hio oh b h a h t npoio-ijieHOiieH, Hanpmiep 
nepBopacTeHH e"*. 

TeTe ace rosopxrr: — 

— "MarHHT — npOTO- ip en oxen"..." 

H roBopin A-p DlTeHHep: — 

— "M bi AOJiHCHbi paccvaipiaaTL y c - 
TaHOB jieBBuii can b ce6e uejiociHui... caii ce6n noAAep- 
xiBanii<iH pifl (paKTOB. 3tbm mm nojiynaeii B3annofleHci- 
b y H) m y M rpynny lyicneBEUx sjieueHTOB fleficTBBteJii- 
hocth; h (p e h o m e u, paisiBaeiiui bsiii, Henocpe#CTBeHHO 
BiiiCKaei npo3paiBO h hcho h 3 npienux bo BBivaBie 
(p a k t o b. TaKOH <p e h o m e h Texe h a 3 b a h ochobiiuu <p a k t o m 
hjih npoTO-(peHOMeHOM. 3toi npoTo-tpeHoiieH EAeHiiies 
c o6i.eKTHBHi.iM 3 a K o h o m. YiaaaHEoe B3aHMonojioaceHHe 
ipaxioB iioaceT jih6o Bocciati... b mbicjih, xoifla... npn 6po- 
ineHHOM KaiiHe... npiBBiian b bo aaxiiaBBe ipn ipaxia: 
l)cHJiy TOJiiKa, 2) npiiaseBBe aeiiJiH, 3) conpoTHBJieHHe 
B03flyxa h ocj. jieTfliqero k a mhh... jih 6 o ate:H iioiy OTAeJiB- 
Htie (paKTbi fleSciBBTeniBO socnp OH3BecTH... 3to cjiynafi 
npn onwie"***. 

Hjih A-p UTreHHep yiea3i»iBaeT: — 

— Teie nuiaeica... cjioatiiBie 

(pCHOHeHbl CBeCTH... K HpOCTOMy H HHCTOMy... Ol HHCTOTO 

(peuoiaeua a a ji e e He h a e t oh. B nocjienBeii bmhbjihctcb 

HACajIbUBH C B H 3 B CaMO06l.HCHHMI.IX lyBCIBeilHUX B0C- 

npniBB. IbctuS (peHOMeH Hi3Bau hm npocTO-(penoMeHOM. 
flyjiaTb hto-jih6o flajiee o npoio- (p eaoiieH e oh cixiaei 
HeHyacHOH) cneKyjiBmeS"*"*. 

B 3tom-to cafbicjie jimm. o&bHCHBeicbi cjiosa rere: — 

— "M aiEii — npo- 
To-(peHOMeu; AociaiOHHO Ha Hero y k a 3 a t b, iio6w e r o o 6 1. - 

1CBBI i". 

Ilocjie 3toh OTHeTJiKBOH xchocth nOTpyAHTecB ypa3yMerB, HTO xoneT 
BbipasHTB aBTop: 'Teie ineji 01 npoc-roro hjih k npociony t o ji B - 
10 b HAee, t. e. HBiei b BHfly npoT o-«p eiioueHBi... H lesepi 
CTajio, h a A e M c b, OKODiaiejiiHO hchbim, b k a k o m c m bi c ji e 
npoTO-(p eaoiieH... "npoci". Ho epa jih... c ijejioio 6ohxoh 
en e UH(p h h ecKH rere jibhhckoh cojih mohcho Eaaaan npoTO- 

(peHOMeH "a6cTpaKTHBIM"*****. 



*Pol\ 110. 
*• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. Spriiche in Prosa. 
•** GNS. II Band, Urphanomen und Naturgesetz, XXXVII. 
••••GNS. 160. Urphanomen. 
•••••Por. 152. 

87 



Hjoi: — 

— "OSpaa nepBOABJieHHH n"npoHcxoflH t", h nopoa- 
flaei b OflHO b to ace speHa; ou cipeMHTejiiHO coeRHBHei... 
KoiflB 3Ta CTpeif HTe jibHOCTb flocmraei M O JIHH e II OCH O CTH 

— nepefl Bam reBBa"*. 

3to HMeHHO Ta cneKyjiflUBH, KOTopyw Texe chb- 
Taji cosepmeHHO aeayacaoB; o kbkom o6paae bact pe«n>? o tiaraBTe? ("II p o - 
TO-tpeHoueH — MariiHT"). HnHoe flejio: pent naeT 06 o6paae, noAo6HOM 
BMaraBanHH rana; npoTO-cpeaoMeB cnyraii y aBTopa c thiiosi. 

MoacHo jeh Tan nepenyTan.? 

Irae ob CMemaji c KanTOM; a acejiaa uacnjo.cTBeHiio bthciivti. Kaimiaiiciuie 
npeACTasjieuHH b apencTaBJieaBB TeTeBbi o "c o a e p at a hh h " , "(pop lie" 
i"iacc b ibjiciibb" — IVie ob hckb3hji; TeTeBO npeacTaBJieaae 06 a^ee 
HacKB03i> "c o a e p at a t e ji b h o"; Kbhtobo ace tpopiiaJEbHO 1 "; aao6opoT: 6e3biAe- 
aJtbaoe HBJieHHe cpopMajiuio /jjih Tete b ecu. uacKsosb coflepacainie ajib Kama; 
coaepacaBHe 3«eci. — lyBCTBeHHbm itaTepaaji. CoAepacaaae, (popaia — aBTopoii 
nepecTaBjieHbi; cifemaa&i sthm "m b p w" Tere: Hflea, nomrrHH b cpaKTOB; stb&i 
Hacfljn>CTBeHHO c6poiaeHi>i npoTO-cpeaoiiea u tbb; o6jiacTB hx paafiaxbi, paa jiojia- 
hh, cnyiaBu; lyBCTBya, *rro y aero HBiero Be bmxoabt, ob nps6eiaeT k ubicjib 

O "mOJIHIICBOCHOCTb"" reBBX, COB3MepHIOmefi HeCOH3MepBMOCTfl 3TB; 

b BOKpbntaeT ace noaflTaeM "cimboji a" (6eAHbia "chmbo ji": BCKope xpoMaaae 
jioibkb flOJiaceH oa C060B noKpbrrt 6jiaroflaTiio). Ho 3tot "c b m b o ji" y MeTHepa 

— aycraa aocTpaxipu; KOHKpeTH3apya nomrrHe "c b m b o ji a" b ciibicjie 
MeTHepa, mm ero oABOBpeiieaao caacaeii: 11a pae aecoBaiiepBitocTB (anew b (paKTbi); 

B 3TOT KpBBO BOCaaCeBBblB CBMBOJI Bpe3aeTCH paCCyflOHHblH MBp B CeneT BOIIOJlaif ; 

Tax oflna nonoBBHOHKa caiiBOJia npespamaeTCH sKaiiTOBo npeflCTaBJieune 1 ", 
a apyraa — b rejibMrojibyeBo (opraHbi nyscTB — chmbojibihm) 1M . 

Orroro-TO b TeTeBO pasjiaieaae iieacAy txpepaara aBTopcKBM "ryiiMBJiacTB- 
kom" CTepTO; b aa hhx aocaaeea: Kojmax CBMBOJiB3Ma. 

B cbobx craTbax "C a 11 b ji B 3 m" aa mecTBCTax c jdubkom cipaintuax 
apoBOxy a rpaflaiiaio CBiiBOjnuMa 1 ". 

Cbmbojd.i MHOropa3JiBHHbi, aecoB3M epaiibi; aaiibi aceBrpaflaiiHH "cbmbo- 
jibsmob"; crapaa rpaA&n.aio, mm a6cTparapyeM cbhboji. AsTop rpajjauHK) 
crep: BoaasaJi itCHMBOJiy; cbmbojiom oh noKpbiJi tojibko — 5e3Aiiy pacceJiHHbi. 

CBMBOjnnecKBii JienecTOK npoTO-xana y aero npHJinnarr: k jiyroBoaiy 
pacTCHHio; "r o ji y 6 o fi u, b e t o x" 13< nonaflaeT b cejieacrrBa: "1 a fa i a t a e" bjih 
"r a n u n c u 1 a c e a e"; ctbhobbtch npoTO- (peuoiieHoii; b cpeHOiieaajibabiB xyco- 
<ceK 3aao3BT crpaay MeTaiiopcbo3. QiToro-TO ace eio paccyataeHBH o uejiou, 
Bceo6u(eii, crrflejibHOM npaaBMaioT bb« HenpoxoAHMeHimix Tonen, aacTaBJimi 
ero: b TeTe npB3HaTb — "a 6 e p p a u a k>". 

Ho "a6eppauBB" — b Meniepe: b AtHBOJitcKOM ocKOJiKe cTemia, 3aceBiuero 
b uia3y; creKJio ace aa aepxajia: aepxajio — aiiajn>raaia H3 K a b t o b a, 



• Por. 156. 
•* Pof. 156. 



88 



TejibiirojibueBa a cmiBonn<iecKoio npeACTaBJieHaa o caiiBOJie; 
thhstho oh ntrraeTCH flOKa3aTi>, hto "a 6 e p p a n a a", BiieHeHHaji TeTe, He 
"ijiosceic AeayKTHBHoS icopii b HEAyxTHBEtii <p a k t"*; 
TOJitKo tbk npnHBuaeu Tyr TeTe b pa3T>acueHHH MeTHepa: ueTaiiop<|)03y 
AeayKiniH (csoe yieHae o THne) TeTe bjiojkhji b BHAyKuaio ot... (peHOiieHa 
(uanpasiep, or MaiHBTa); npoTO-pacTenHe Bbipoc.no... H3 (peiioaieHa; mm: cpeno- 
iieH poc... H3 HAeH (?!)..; npBHBMaa nocjiefliiee, npaHHMaeif mm HeasSeatHoe 
yMOJiHBHHe: BbipaCTaHne H3 (peHOMena, hjih ace H3 BAea Bpanonax b p e m e h; 
nocjieflaee — AapBHHii3M: «apBHHB3auii Teie BOSHHKaez OTCioaa. 

MeTHep Bbwyxneit oneaaaTbca ot... "tojikobopo o&bacHeHHJi"; a 3apaHee 
anejiJinpoBaTb k o6jiacTHM "r e h a a ji b n bi x wpoflci b", hto oh h KOiaer: 
anejiJiHUHH, He noAUHMaacb Bbiine xoAftHero poMauTH3Ma, ecn> b cymnocTa 
tbkthkb: yaTB ot ce6a. 

Orroro-TO ycxemeiKB no aApecy JiBHeanoro npoAOJiaceHaa acTopaa 
B "oKKyJibTHyio xpoHHKy"** cyn. ycifemeiKa aatopa — no noBOfly 
ce6a caiioro: no noBOAy an yaojiHaHHbix, cbobx co6ctb6hhj.ix bmboaob, — no 
noBOfly "AapBHHH3anHa" TeTe; ynyHBina, hto Tyr co6cTBeimo oh uaTBopnji, 
ysawaeMbm aBTop, oapyxaB ce6n cBameHiieninHM "t a 6 y" B3 fleicaAeiiTCKHx 
B3biBaHHB, o6iaBJiaeT: BCHKoe tojikoboc o6i.HCHeirae OTane, nepBO-aBJie- 
h a a, HeTaHopcpo3e ecn> AapBBHH3ii (aiiea o6pa3HHKOM — cbob B3Aejraji 
Miicjia), a — He noHBHaa, hto, boaobab oh k Teze c TeTeBbiM KparepaeM 
Mbicjia, tp o p m y oh c coAepatBHaeMBe ciieinaji 6&i: nepsopacTeHae He 
cjuuiocb 6bi c (peuoMeHoii; jtaaeaHaH xpoHBKa ue BoaaaKajia 6bi; a TeTe 6bi He 
bjiobcbji "fl e a y k t a b ii o ii t e o p a a" b (paKTW BHAyxKaa. IIoaToaiy: He 
yneirae fl-pa IHieBHepa, a cbob HeyAaqHeiunaa onbrr (scaAaTb b TeTe KaHTa, 
TeTe in nepenyTaib, pa3BecTB b TeTe Tona, tohb 3tb Hassan. "a6eppan.a- 
efi" a yjieneiHyTb b a6cTpaKTHO noHHTua cbmbojibsm" 7 ) — paayiteer oh 
b HeyAaYHoa nojieiiaxe no noBOAy AapBHHH3anaa Texe. 

3l0 BTOpalHtlfi "OTKa3 OT TOJIKOBOfO O&bHCBeHBJl"; nepBilH OTKa3 

— OTKa3 ot oGiHCHeHBH CBeTOBOa Teopaa TeTe. 
K HeS Boaspainaiocb. 



§ 50. OtlTMKa B H60-(pH3HMeCK0H 4>HJ10C0CpMM 

Cbct — 3a npocTpaHCTBOii; 3a rjia30u: ifeTa-tpasaieH, ueTa-tpa- 
3aojioia<ieH. Te«jeT ooaHaROBo: ckbo3i> cojraue, n3 rjiasa; coeAHHHioTCH "c b e - 
t bi" (3aAyineBHbia, aacojmeHHbia) b — "H". 

"Cbct — AyxoBiian cymHOCTi'"". 

"fl — csei Mapy" 1 ". 

Taic no A-py DlTeBHepy. 



•PoI\ 50. 
•• Por. 137. 
"•GNS. IHBaad, XVIII. 



89 



3ane«ty: — 

Jtyraatuiaif, BT0MB3M 6wjui eme npoTHBonocTaBJieHbi Tax neflaBHo: nocTO- 
hbctbo 3HeprnH — noctOHHCTBy iiaTepHH; npH3HaBajioci. nocjieflnee cjieflcrBH- 
eii nepBoro; 3HaKa paseHCTBa He 6i>ijio. 

Heo-(pH3HKa noCTaBHJia stot 3uaK. 

yBHflejra, hto hosbthb, xapaKTepH3yioiHHe iiaTepHKt b (pH3Hxe, (pHrypapy- 
M)T b cocraBJieHHBix 3JieKTpHMecioix (popjiyjiax; hx KOMmieKcti (icojniHecTBO, 
nJiOTHOCTK, BHepiQM h t. fl.) OKa3ajmcb passu; h CTajio 6bm>: uaTepHH pasHa 
CHJie; coB3Mepjiioii;ea eamiHijeio craji ajiempoH — hh 3ii6jieiia iiaTepHn, hh 
aiffijieua 3Hepmn, a, tbk CKa3aTi>, 3n6jiena 3M6jien; 11 Haa ffsyaa siiGjieiiaTH- 
Kaii 11 Bbrae CTpoHTCH b tpn3HKe — HOBaa siiSjieuaTBRa, 6womaH Ha abb cppoiiTa 
— b (|>H3HXy, b xhuhio. "3 ji e k T p o h B K a" — Hayica 6jiBScaHinero 6yflymero: 
aTOMB3ii, BBHaimaii, iiexaHBKa 6y^yT cTHHyTM eio; 3m6jicm BTHKa hx crapaeTCH 
"sjieKipoHBtoi"; iieHTpu Hempex aHcinuumH: BemecTso, nsaxemie, 
CHJia a TenJiosaH SHepnix npespaiqaKiTCH b HHCTyio "3 jieKipoHBocti"; 



eMoicca. 
Teruo 



uicao (apjui; 
' KoJIUieq'OO (jwacca) 




CtUp 



Tucuo 
Ciua. 

jMacca 
3eupi 



(Phc. A. He aanrrpHXOBaBa o6jiaCTi> 'cymecTByioimDC npenCTaBjieuHH.) 

90 



ajieKTpoHHOCTb — He eCTti hh aemecTBO h in chjie; hh ABnaceHHe, uh 
3Hepma. 

"3 JI e K T p O H H O C T fc" eCTi "3JieKTpOHHOCT t": ohh — hhctub chm- 
boji, nepeBOAHUptft 3a rpaiit TpaoHH.HOHHi>ix 3]i6jieu c hx MeTacpH3HHecKHM 
npHBKycoii (jiaTepim, CHJia) h 3Mnnpii«iecKOH o6pa3HOCTi>H) (pa6oTa, ABHXceHne). 

Box aiiGjieiia toto, hto co6cTBeinio npoiicxo/jHT Tenepi. b nepeHHCjiemm 
HOMeHKJiaTyp h npopaGoTKe hohhthh (cm. pHC A). 

HeTbipe KOMeTti HecyTCH iiaacTpeiy, cmn6aiOTCH b hobbih imp, BJiexyT 
3a co6ow flecHTKH h cothh Teopim, TnnoTe3, (pHJiocotpeii, Teopeii: aauauaati, 
MexaHHKa, a-romaa xbmhh, 3HeprernKa — ocHOBHbie jihhhh hx xboctob; 
ocHOBHtie jihhhh — CTOjntHyTCH, nepeHHCJno-rcji flpyr Ha flpyra, cojimotcb; 
h ocHOBHbie jihhhh — nponaflyr; 3jiempoHHOCTb H3 tohxh hx scxpeHH 
pacumpHTCH b ajieKTpoHHoe Mope; opHrHHajii.in.ie nonmM, 3a BUHeTOM 
noBTOpHJbix h KpaTHbix, ocTaHyTCJi: AHajieKTHKa cxeiibi BeneT k iioboh cxewe 
(cm. pHC. B). 




(Phc. B. 3anrrpHXOBaua oSjiaCTi, HCHesnyannix npeacTaBJicHiiH.) 

91 



H bot «rro pucyeTCa: if a t e p b a, cmia, A»*CBie, ienjiogai 
saeprBH, CTOJiKHyBinHCB, nepeceKyrca; xpaTHue noHjmu cxeii cojimot- 
ca, h — 

— 1) iiacca, 

2) KOJMHeCTBO, 

3) aTOM, 

4) vcjio, 

5) aJierrpaiecTBO — 

— nponaflyr!.. 
OrMaiepii ocTBHeTCH KaieciBo; ot 3Hepmn — c b e t; ox aaaxeauB 
— 3 <p a p; b err cbjim — ibdjio. BHeMaTepaajnatMe BOCCTaHyr: — 

— t e n ji o, 

— c b e T, 

— 3 (p a p. 
KaieciBo, cae-r, Temio h 3<pap o6pa3yiOT HOByjo cxeixy, nofloSayio npaBe- 

aeHHUic 



CB6T, 
34pBp, 

TenJio, 
KaiecTBO, 



B SJieXipOBHOCIB 



KaK 6m mbi hh cboabjib bohhtbh CBCTeiibi, mbi He nojiynaM iieiauiKH; 
uexaHHKa RaTaCTpOCpHHBO ncie3HeT. 

IIpH cse/ieaacH x iimii mm nojiyoiii: xpa xaieciBa (ee uaxepa- 
ajn>Bi>ie KanecTBa) b ocbobc Tax Ba3MBaeiiOB uaiepiaJiiHocTii: 
TenJioBoe xaieciBO, CBeioBoe xbiccibo a aipipiioe Kane- 

CTBO. 

IIpH cseaeHHB XTepitHxe mm nojiytaot: Tpa coctoxbii t e n ji a (h e 
BSMepxeMMX MexaHBHCCKB mmcjibmoxo paSoioa): xaieciieEEoe xenjio 
(ajieiieHTOB), cieioBoe icnjio h 3 (p a p h o e. 

IIpH CBtneajtn x onuxe mbi tohho tek ace nojiyronf: xpa CBeTa: cseT 
"BeiqecTBeBHW a", TenjiOBoS b scpapHbia; "ciei w" 3th npafle-rca Ban 
6pa» BHe ranoreaM xojieGaHHa; b — aae aiai-epaa: can as 3fleci MaTepaa GyaeT 
paccMOTpeaa xax ocoSoe cocToanae cse-ta: Gy^eT HacxBosfc — cbctoboc- 

BOCTl. 

IIpB CBeaeHBB x STepncTBKe — Tpa BeMaTepBajn>Hi>ix stpapa BOC- 
craHyT npe« aaua: lenjioBoi, cbciobob b xihihcckhx; cocTOHBae 
MaTepHajEbBOCTH 6y«eT Tyr bmboabtbch xax oco6oe ymiOTHeHae 3<papa; uain 
(pH3BiecKBB njiaa pacTBopaTca b po/pnioM b flo-MaTepnajitHOM, b acpapaoM; 
xax xycxB JiBfla b BOfle, b scpape pacraex MaTepaa. 

3M6jxeMaTBKa npa noMonni KOJieGaHaa, cbji, axoMOB ciaHeT ripoeKnaea 

STCpiCIIKIB nJIOCKOCTfc CBJIBOJIOB MaTepaaJtbHMX. 

Tenjio, c b e t, 3 cp a p, xaieciBO ■ — bot nexMpe bohhtbb BepoxTHMx 
Gyaymax Haynabix Teopaa; Koop/raHaaHfl hx, BsaaMHoe BMBeaeHae apyr B3 

92 



Apyra 6yA« aeHTpaitu hoboh. chctcmbi Bays; b 3-ry cncTeiiy no 

■C6B BepOHTHOCTH H paCTBOpHTCJi HaWa CHCTeila: XBMBO-(pH3HKO-lie- 

xaHmecKaji. H a/tfica, bhahm mm H3BHe coBnafleune c airrpoiiococpHHecKra 
npeACiaBJieBiieii, craBHuniM 3<pap bo rjiaBy yuia "uaiepiajikBocix" 
(MaTepHH ecm. cryineHHMH scpnp); b -ipex 3(papax (cseTOBOii, Tenjioaoii 
■ XHMa<iecKoif) y3Haeu mm Tpn... 3<papa, TpaKTyeMMx He n3Bne, 

BO B3HTMX KBX COCTOHHHH KH3HH (CBMBOJIM XBMBB fl STepBCTHKH 

— CHMBOjniKa coctobhhh cosHaHHfl). J^-p IHreHHep pacyeT Him Taxyio 
rpaAainoo: 

1)B njiane Bocnpimi: . , 

(a) BHyrpeHHe BocnpBBHMaeMoe Tenjio, (b) BByTpeHae BocnpHHHMaeuan 

3KB3H&, (c) BHyrpeHHe BOCnpBBBMaeiiafl HyBCTBeHHOCTfe. 

2) B njiaae ciixhihoio Baeiauieaii saaai: 

(a) TenjIOBOH 3(pHp, (b) CBeTOBOB 3(pBp, (c) XBMHHeCKBB 3<pHp. 

3) B njiaae ijmsiiecKOi pa3flpa»aeiiocTH opraiios: 

(a) Tenjio, (b) CBeTO-B03ayx, (c) BOflo-B03flyniHOCTi,. IlepBoe coctohbbc 
(TenJiOBoe) oh HasMBaeT CaTypaoBuv, BTopoe ace (cBeTOBoe) Ha3MBaeT oh 

— CojiHeiHbiii; TpeTte Ha3biBaeT oh JlyHHWii'". H KJia^eT coctohhhh 
3TH bo rjiaBy yrjia b CBoeia "TaBBOBeAeHBH 1 ' 140 . 

C npoiHBonojioxBoro aayHHOro Gepera aaajieKTHKa sepoHTHbix 3M6jieif 

— nocxyjiapyeT t e m we pHAOii. 

B HaaiiAamie aaropy npaBefleii BtmepatKy na TaHHOBeaeHBfl, cioaa ot- 
HOCHinyiocH. 

JJ-p ID/reHHep Half 3anBjiHeT, hto oh — 

— "HHKoraa He peinajiCH 6m Hanena- 

TaTb TO, 1TO TOBOpHTCH, HanpBltep, OTHOCBTejIbHO TenjIOBblX HBJieHHH... TpHA- 

narfc JieT Ha3aa" — 

OB, TO eCTb fl-p IIlTeHHep, "Blfejl B03MOKBOCTI» 3aHHTbCH 

H3yHeHHeif <pH3BKH, KOTOpOe KOCHyjlOCh pa3JXBHHblX o6jiaCTBB 3TOH HayRH. 

B o6jiacTH TenjioBnx HBJieHHH ocoGeHHMM npeflaieTOM H3yneHHH 6mjib Tor«a 
o6%HCBeBBJi, npHHafljiewamae k tax nasbisaeMon "ifexamraecKOH Teopna 
TenjiOTii". H 3Ta "MexaHHHecKaH Teopan TenJiOTBi" BHTepecosajia ero aaace 

COBCeM OCoSeHHO. HcTOpHHeCKOe pa3BBTHe COOTBeTCTByiOinBX TOJIKOBaHHB, 

ROTopoe 6biJio TOrfla CBH3aiio c HifeHaifB, KaK K)jihh Po6epT Manep, rejiMf- 
rojB.it, ^KOyjiB, Kjiaysayc b t. a-, npHHaflJieacajio k npeAMeTBM ero boctohh- 
iioro H3yHeHoa. BjiaroflapH 3T0My oh b nopy CBoero yneHHH co3flaji ce6e 

AOCTaTOHHyK) OCHOBy B B03M03KHOCTb, HT061.I A° HBCTOHinerO BpeiteHB CJieflHTt 

3a BceitB (paKTHnecKHMH ycnexaifH b o6jibcth (pH3HHecKOro yneHHH o Ten- 
JiOTe"... 

— Htbk, nyCTb AyjiaMT ckojuko yroAHO, hto nacaTeju., KOTOpMB "rosopHT 
o "TenjiOTe" Tax, KaK 3to cae/iaHO 3Aecb, HHnero He 3HaeT o naiajibHbix 

OCHOBaX COBpeifeHHOK (pH3HKH". 



93 



§ 51. HenocpeflCTBeHHOCTb CBOTa 

IIpeACTBBJieHHJi, flaHHbie 3/jecb, He npOHaaojibi cpairraaHn, a Maxe- 
pna OHeBHflHBix Haymbix nfnoTe3 Sjmatafimero huh*, h iie/japOM nonbrncH 
npo6aTi.CH b 3a-3JieKTpoHiiyio oSjiacrb mm BCTpenaeii b HeaaBHCM nepno/je 
TeoperaiecxoH (pH3HKH; to flHHaMHMecKHH MajnastK flBHWeTCH ot "t e p - 

Mo"-HBJieHKH K "3 JI e K T p o"-HBJieHHHM, TO OIIHTb CKJIOHHeTCH K "t e p M o"; 
3JieKTpO«HHaMHHeCKHH UCHTp BblBOflHTCH H3 "r e JI H o"-H.eHTpa B TeopHH 

Tepua, KOTopan nocjie CBeAemifl HaTepmi m chjibi k e«HHCTBy npomiTMBaeMa 
— TOJH.KO Tax: MaTepHH — HacRB03i> CBer; mm — aacKB03i> cbctohochm He 
b o6pa3HOM, ho — b TeopewiHecKOM CMbicjie; h He b o6pa3Hoai CMBicne jimiib 

CBCT B3 BHe-MHpa CBeTHT HBM B MHpe; CaMafl OCBemeHHBH OOBepXHOCTb, TO eCTb 
CBeT B HenOCpeflCTBeHHOM BOCnpHBTHH, B 3T0M CMblCJie eCTb CBeT (He B <|)H3HOJIO- 

rinecKOM, a b <pH3HHecKOM aaate); h nosepxHoc-rb CBeneHiu — cseT: HacKB03b 

CBeT. 

B o,hhom CMbicjie, b inKOJibHOM, seaaeT a-p IITreHHep aa6yKy yne6HHKa 
(pH3HKH; a HcnoaeAyeT as6yKy: — 

— "To, ito HBJiHeTCH r ji a 3 y, ecu... 

HMBHC KpaCKH"**. 

— "CseT h iipaK... npiHunnu"..."* 

— "CseT... CTOJib ace bbaci, tax a 6- 

"C B e T, K a K T a K O B O H, BHOJIHe ue- 

B flpyroM CMbicjie ace, xapaKrepirayH TeopHK) Tere, oh 3aueHaer: — 

— "CBeT 
Hail abb b h en o cp eflCTBeHH om bo cnpHHT gg" ******. — 

— 3to 3Ha- 
hht: TOBopH <pH3HKa.ra.HO — flan b rejnioreHe3Hce BemecTBa; roBopa "op- 
riHiiecKi": flan b bochphhthh. CseT Haai «aH, noToiiy <rro mm cmhbi 
c b e t a, saXJnoneHHe "mm — cbihh c b e t a" ecu, 3aKJiK>HeHHe uayHiiofi 
CTa-rtH noKOHHoro npotpeccopa YMOBa 14 '; caMaH 3Ta ciana npeapamaeT 
pHTopHRy cppa3bi a peajibHyw nofljranHOCTb; hto6bi sto hohhtb, He/jocTaTOHHo 
"o c b e at h t b inKOJibHbie CBCAeiinn no <p h 3 h k e, xhmh a", KaK 
Toro xoneT jierKOMbiCJieHHbra u TajiairrjiHBbin aBTop, a no KpaHHefi Mepe 
cjieayer ocBeacinB "yiiBepciTCTcme k y p c m"; c oCBeaceHHOjo unco- 



* Mbicjii. o HeuaTepnaJibBOU xapamepe scpHpa — bbiboa pa6oT 5epjiHncKoro 
d)H3HKa IIJiaHKa. 

*• GNS. HI Band, XXVH. 
♦♦• GNS. ni Band, Iicht und Farbe: XXIX. 
•♦•♦GNS. m,Band, 11. 
♦♦♦♦♦ GNS. HI Band, 473. 
♦ GW. 172. * 

94 



jiok) b rojiOBe nunero He nomieira; h — iiaHBHO BOCKJiHKiiemb — no noBoay 
"csera": — 

— "II yen. KaiKAui cnpocn c e 6 a, b h a e ji ji h oh bo 
BHeinnea npapoae oei, HJieimo 6 ecxpa coiuug CBei"'. 

BocKJumaHHe — rpycrao, h bbitjihaht BOCKJinnanHeii pa3ae hto... — a6o- 
pmeHa BynmeHHH no aapecy cJiyiaaHO ycJU.iinauHi.ix TeopeTHKO-no3HaBa- 
TejiKH&ix cnopoB: — 

— T«e a a a a ^opiia? B k a k o m BocnpHiTii? 
BnaejiH jih bm KaKyw «p y r y 10, k poi*e... roEiapHoi?" 

OcsexeHiie nntoju.Hbix yneSintKOB He npHBejio hh k nesiy. 



§ 52. reTBB CB8T 

Bot TeTeB CBer: — 

— Cbct — h e a e ji h m br S, aeBiAitui, 
c e 6 e paBHUB, AyxoBHua, CBeT — h a e a ji & h bi h, k o h k p e t ii &i h, 
cbci — "caii b ce6 e"; caei — eaaubia h uejiocTHtii; caei 
— co3flaji uiaa; caei b rjiaa h3jihjich, ciaji njiOTtw rnaia; 
c b e t ji m fi — rjia3;cBeT — "flyxoBHoe oko". 
TaROB TereB cbct — y fl-pa HfreiiHepa. 
IIepe(ppa3HpyH o«y ^epacaBUHa, xapaKTepmyeim. ero: "c b e t" — 

...BCK>Ay CynjHH H eABHblH, 

Kouy HeT uecra b npH<uuu.i, 
Koro hbkto nocTH«u> Be uor, 
Kto see co6om nanojinaeT, 
06ieMJier, aHHtfler, coxpanaer, 
Koto iom BaauBaeu: Bor 14 *. 

OtTOTO-TO OH H BO TLVC CBCTBi; TO eCTBl CBeTHT B H O B e p X - 

hocth; b nosepxHOCTB, uaTepHa — Tt.ua — He oStajia ero: Taxa — "ph... 
b b o enpa hth h"... CseT HCTHHHBm, "xoiopua npocsein.aeT bch- 
koto m e ji o b e k a"... — 

— 'Tfle a a h? B k a k o m Bocnpaumi? 3io h ji h cpaKTHiec- 
lai omi6xa, ijii mhcth ie»aa pu t op hk a"... 

Ho capoBCKHH cTapeq 14 ' BMecre c TeTe h... fl-posi nTreHHepoai o/jHHaxoBO 
OTseKaioT: "Hail — jaa".,." 

Kax jna.nl 

CoBpeiieHHaa (pn3HKa cxaateT: "B uaTepiof". 

Bot — TeTeB cseT. 



•Por. 125. 
**GW. 172. 



95 



§ 53. llpaKCMC CMT8 

B 1791 CBeTOBan Teopaa y«e cjxosKBJiaci. y TeTe 1 ' 
jier nporexjio a on&rrax, flyMax a paspa6oTite aeranea; b 1806-m BbiweJi juiun. 
aepBua tom 1 ". 

He nepoM "aaaBBoro npnpoAOB033pnTeJui" oh nanacau. 

Ha ocrpae cbctobob Teopaa Ttrtc — aeBepoaTBi»ie Sjibctbiot npoapesuu; aa 
ocxpaa BBiJieTaeT mojihbhho Mucin.: o npaxcnce caeia; o bosmowhocth Bbice- 
Karb caubia caeT — H3 GjTBCTaxmocx cbctom rjia3; ana. mmcjb» aaacaraeT 
noatapoii; a npHBOjurr Hac k mbicjih: npeo6paaceHB* broth. IIpeo6paaceHBJi 
bjiotb ecn. ipaxT: mm mieeM xaBue cBBAeTejn>CTBa o Caere... <DaBopcKOM u< ; bo 
Taxae ate tohbo CBBAeTe.ra.CTBa — CBHfleTejrbCTBa "a y x o a h o p o ihiiii": 
3tot cbct... — 3Be3ffabiu caeT. B 3THX "cBeiax" Bnepsbie mw y npeAABepHH 
Mbicjia: cbct ecTb CBeT npeoGpaaceBBH — bjiotb iiainea; nepaoe jamespeaae 
cseTa ecn.: npeo6pa»euae Hac. 

JJfl aroro... csera hct: ecn. noBepxHOcn. CBeHeaxa. 



f 54. nilKjpO-flyO-MOHM3M 

HCBO, TTO CBCT 3TOT "fl" BCerO MHpa, KBK B B IlHCaUMH 

cKaaaHO U7 . Tor^a so3BHKaeT cbmbojihk8: aaA Ayinoio, aaA BpeMeaeM, 
BHe npocTpaHCTB 3to "fl", 3tot "cb«t". JJajiee — pacna^euae: 
"fl" b "cbct"; to ecn. ABoana; "fl" cxoabt bo Bcaxoe "fl"; cbci 
aaropaeTCH b MBpe: aajiee — njnopaJiB3M, "fl" paabirpbiBaeTCH b mbo- 
roo6pa3HB npoHBJieBHB aymeBBiix; a paapbntaeTca cojboie b jiyiax 
ocseiaeaaH. 

06pa3yeTCH BjnopajnMM ((paaaita, <pH3HOJioiaa, ncaxojioraa, MeTa<pH3axa); 
AseBaoKaTi. ocaoBBbix MBpoBbix BOCTpoeBBB MeTOflBMecjtH npaaoMepHbi no 
rt-py niTeHaepy. 

B 6ojiee bwcokob craABB, Meacay pluralia 14 * mctoaob b pluralia 
omyiaeaaa Mapa pa3BHBaeTca ny&misM: AyaJiB3M npeoflOJieBaeTca b Tpex 
nojioateaaax m o a o c a: Bae Meaa, bo Mae a b Beiqax; 3Aec& "moho c" 
— uni versalia'** (mohhsm Tpaa#a3Ma); BaKoaeo., b cjibbbbh universalia 
mm npaxoABM k eAHBCTBy: KOBxpeiEHi iiobiiii. 

3ra CBMBOJCHKa ecTecTBeaao KopeaBTCH b cbctobob Teopaa TeTe, coeaaiiHH 
ee c MOHo-flyo-njnopajibuoa rpaaauaen a-pa HfreiiHepa; ee mm noapo6no 
KocaeMca; a b aea — mm ysaflBM — cseTOBaa Teopaa TeTe soccraeT no-aosoMy 
yrjiyGjieHHO. 



96 



(MOHOCl) 




A.U)M%) C6ft|fc 



Qnfe im 3r\ it %)hm 



V 

a 



8 



(ruKipa 



> 



x 







XU}/H4) 



y 



a 



* 

a 



-4 



KOHKpejHblU MQHUWi 



§ 55. MopaiibHoe BoenpHsrrMe KpacKM 

Tax roaopHT fl-p fflTeimep: — 

— "Bi.i30Beii b ce6e BHyTpeHHee omy- 
meHHe, KOTOpoe HcntiTBiBaeT nyiaa, rotas ona BOcnpHHHuaeT ipacHbii 
npefliieT... IIpeACTaBHM ce6e, hto im coxpaHneu oneiit atHBoe BOcnoaiHHaHHe 
o BneiaTJieHHH ot npejrjieTa, or KOToporo mbi otb&jih uain B3op. To, <rro 
ocTaercH Toraa b naiunH, rax npeflCTaBJienne o UBeTe, oauiBmf b ce6e, Kaie 
BHyTpeHHee nepeacaBaiiae. Mm yBHAau Tor«a pamiHHHe Meamy Teii, hto cocTaB- 
jiHeT BHyrpeHHee nepeatHBaHHe useTa h BHeimmM qseTOM. II o coaepataHHio sth 
BHyTpemnie nepeacHBaHHH coBepmeHHO OTJiaiaiOTCH ot BHeinimx HyBCTBemiMx 
sneiaTJieuBB. Ohh b ropa3flO Sojitinea CTenena, neu nopsiajiBHoe omymeime 
BHemHHX nyacTB, Hecyr b ce6e OTnenaTox toio, hto omymaercH, Kax CTpaaanne 
h partocn.". 

IIoflo6iioe BoenpHBTHe Kpacxn fl-p IIIreHiiep na3i>iBaeT MopaJibHBiM; sto 
ecn> flyineBHoe pacKptrrne b xpacxe; h oh yTBepacaaeT: co3epuaB rojiy6n3iiy 
aeoecHoro Kynojia, bhahm mbi — rojiy6oe b ne6e, MeimHCB h yBOAH 3a co6on, 
KaK 6bi TaeT b GecuseTHyio 6e3fliiy: Hen3uepHMOCTn; mm oxsaneHM noTpnca- 
louqui BneMBTjieHMeii, OTKptraaiomHM b Hac iiOBtie hctohhhkh MyBCTB; casioe 



Annpdi BeJTbii. Pyaojn.c}> Mrnbep 



97 



Mopajn>Boe BoenpBHTHe conpoaoacflaeTca nepepaGo-ncoio a HyBCTaeniDbix socn- 
Pbbtbb: CHHee He6ocBO,ua CTaHOBHTCfl tcmho-cbhbm, 6e3/joHHO-TeMHbiii. 
IlofloSHoe BoenpHJTTHe Kpacaa OTuenaeT h rere 15 ': — 

— "n pa n p a b h ji t - 
hoi BoenpHHTHH nepexoga ot at e jit or o k rojiySosiy, oco- 
6eHHO... ipi paccuoipeam ianpji»eaii b xpacioe, coe- 
Abhhio nje 11... np OTHBono jioaceHBa b ipene, Biieei uecio... 
oco6oe coaepa,aaBe, aojiHoe lainu: b o6e cymiiocia... paa- 
AtJieHHue b npoTBBonocTaBJieaHbie, ayxoBHbifi BJiaraeii 
lyi ciimcji: a a ah... caaay aeneHoe, caepxy see xpacioe, 
— spiA jib B03M03KHO yAepxaiica ot Ayuu, npn coaepqa- 

BBB 3CJICBOIO 3CIBOM, B EpaCHOIO 06 3 JI O r B M e" 1S '. 

3a.eci» MopajibHoe neBCTaae RpaCKB B3bisaeT k aymeBHOiiy ynpajKHeHBw: 
k KOHqeBTpauBs BHHuaHHH Hamero ooaOBpeMeBHO — ua xpacxy b aa aymt- 
BBoe araseaie BHyrpa nac; nepepaGo-rea HyBCTBemioro BoenpaaTaa b iiopajiB- 
Hoe npa KOHneHTpauaa oco6eimo noBbnnaeTca; nepepaGoTKa Taaaa, b cym- 
hoctb, He BJieeT rpaBaq; mohcho jib 3fleci roBopaTb o 3aKoaax? £(-p EQTeibiep 
Han OTBenaer: aa, nepepaGonca TaKaH BJieneT B3iieHeHBe b Koacparypauaa 
o6bi*rabix cnoco6HOCTefi: b KOBcparypauaa Meacoy BHmaiiieM, nepesa- 
Baaaeii, BocnpaaxaeM, iiticjino, pa3BBBaH Mbicjn» — ssui generis 
npaKCHc: BBTejiJiexTyajibHoro cosepnaaaa; cocToaaae co3iiaHHH Hamero hbhh- 
HaeT iieBHTbca; a mbi oncpbisaeM 3aKoai>i: Hiioro cosaaaaa; co3aaaae 3to ecu. 
C03HaHBe b cocroflHHB yejiocTHOCTH, cjiBBaiou;eii KpacKy, nepeacHBaiaie, 
Mbicjib, bojbo — b oflHo: b lOBopantyio xpacxyjB ynpajKHeaaa, cocraa- 
jieHBOM coo6pa3ao 3aKOHy ifopajo>aoro Bocnpaaraa, onbnaoe 6jiy3KoaHae 
Bncrtbuax aaiieHHeTCH npoaepeaHbiM onbiroM; ynpaacaeaHa 3tb h cyrb a e a a - 
t a u a a . Me/iiiami, noKbimaa axTHBHOCTb flyina, ae yrainaeT b Hac 

MblCJIb, TyBCTBO, BOJ1H) pa3BBTBei( BpeB3iyU(eCTBeBBbQI llblCJIB, HyBCTBB BJIB 

bojcb, ao pa3BBBaeT see Tpa cjjocoGhoctb, aatieuaa a ycjioacaaa Koacparypa- 
hbk> ax; mm BiieeM Bee nepexoo.bi: Mbicjib, nyBCTBO, bojlh hbjibiotch Bail 
b BoapacraKtineii opeojie B3 — nyBCTBeHHoa Mbicjia a Bojiaujea ubicjia, as 
Mbicjiamax a bojudohx vyscTB, H3 HyBCTByioineB a Mbicjuunea bojib; a soenpa- 
HTae 3T0, nepejmsaHCb a rpa^auaa, OTjmaaeTca a aosoe Bocnpaaxae, HeB3aec-r- 
Hoe aaa nocejie; sto BOBoe BocnpaaTae, noaajiaHCb xax o6epTOB aocnpaaTHfl 
gaBBoro, Bee MOinaea a Moupiea nogbiiiaeT cbob rojioc, aaRoaea CTaaoBBTca 
tohom; b Hex: o,aHHoe BoenpaaTae — o6epTOB; OTiiomeHaa — nepeMecTBJiacb: 
CTaxaauoe Bocnpaaxae Tenepb npope3ajiocb a aaaBOii; a.-p OTeaBep Han roBopaT: 
npennojioataif, 110 cociOHBae MopaJLbHO-BOcnpHHHTOH xpacxa — 

— "fleacTBy- 
e t Ha aymy 6 e 3 n p a h a h bi ^a3E<iecxoi Hchobbahiabb 3 h a - 

61 COCTOHBHH 311! H 3HHei... 1TO OHB BbipaBCeHBe flyXOB- 

HO-AyineBHoa peajiLHOCTn, a He sijupexi Boo6pa«eaii 
TOjibKO. H Korfla laiaa p e a Jibii o CTb... a aac TBOpai coctoh- 



•GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 321. > 

98 



me c o 3H ana a, n oao6h oe poa/iaiomeiiy xpacaui npeguei... 
mm lOBopm o n e m, h t o oho — Kpacuoe"'. CaeayeT 3fleci OTMenm: 
MipaateHHe cocxohhhh co3aaniiH b CBeTOBbix h xpaco<mbix cHUBOJiax no yHemno 
a-pa IHieHHepa He ecn> 3ii6jxeMaTHxa, a ecTecTBemibiH peajni3M chmbojihkh, 
noAo6in>n( CHKBOjmxe Hanmx opraHOB nyBCTB b wipe nyBCTBemibix BoenpmnHn; 
a nepBoe Bexmie nepexoga or HyBCTBeHHOH pa3Aejn»HOCTH BOcnpitBTun k BOcnpn- 
HMiaeiiOMy CBepxiyBCTBeHHO hbc BCTpenaeT b o6bi«mbix ycjioBHHx b cy6teKTHB- 
hou (peHOxeae aiiajiorHH omymeunH, iffi aoxjibam opraHOB nyscTB ntrraiOTCH 

0y6%eXTXBHO COeAHHHTbCH B 3ByKOBOH HJIH KpaCOHHJUH CHMBOJi: TOBOpB "tCB- 

a mm xpacx a", "cuiig rop o fl", n cy6teKTHBHo cjmBaio pa3Aejn>uocTn 
tyBCTB; onfcTTHUH npaKCHC, Beg* iepe3 pod cySiexTHBHocrH, ynopaA<xawaeT ee 
M BaxoHeu pa3pbiBaeT: b peaJUHyn cmiBOjmKy xpacox; KpacoiHOCTb 3flecb He 
■MAywca, xax, nanpHMep, y PeM6o"*, He CTaTHCTHKa, KaK y npotp. Tpy6epa, 
HanHcasinero o memoH cnyxe ijejibiH Hayniua TpaKTaT 1 ", a caiiafl 
npapoaa coaHaHiu, TaKaa we tohho npHpo^a, xax ajih TeTe 6 turn npxpoAoio ero 
UBCTOHHbie o 6 p a 3 bi B TeKynecTH H3ii eHeraii; oh npe«jiaraji Ha6jiH>Ae- 
hii, onuiii, ynpaatHeHHH b oSjiaern cy6%exTHBHoro 3pemifl nojiowuTb 

* OCHOBy yHBHHfl 06 H3o6pa3HTejIbHOM TBOpHeCTBe; Ha OAHOH H3 JieKUHH A'P 

IIlTeaHep, cjieaya ueTOAy TcTe, nan rjiy6oKyio xapaKTepHCTHxy Tax Ha3biBaeiiOH 
naJibueTT w ,i6 , hcxoah H3 KOHaJmrypainiOHHbix 3axoHOB (pairra3Hn, u Teopmo 
o6pa3a, Aasiaero apxHTexTOHnxy HOHHHecxoH u KopawpCKoS kojiohhw 1 * 7 ; b stoh 
o6jmcth Aonycnnia — cxpowaHHiafl tohhocti,. 

CoCTOHHHJI C03HaHHH, CTpOHmerO Hail KpaCOHHyK) MeTaMOp(p03y H3 CaMOH 

npnpoAbi (paina3iui, ecu. cocTOHime nepexoauoe ot npHHinma <pH3HHecxoH 
TyBCTBennocTH x upmiuHny BHe-MaTepHajibuofi cthxhhhocth; cocTOHHHe 
BHe-MaTepHajibHon cthxhhhocth ecra njiaii 6bm«H. CocTOflirae o6jiexaeT nan 
flyiny hoaoSho qyBCTBeHHbm oSjieneHHHM; b Teoco<J>nH npHHsro HaabiBarb 

6feITHe B CTHXHHHOCTH 6bIIHeiI BHJIOTH CTHXHHHOTO; CJieAyCT nOHHHTb: 

"cTHXHBnoe Tejio" ecu. Bbipawemie o6pa3Hoe. Tejio 6epeTCx 3Aeci>, paayiieeTca, 
BO BHe-iiaTepaajiBHOM 3ua4eHHH; Tejio 3«eci KoiiruieKC cociohhhh 15 *. 

OTHOCHTejiBHO oSjiacTH, xapaxTepH30BaHHOH Bbime, Tax rcmopHT A-p 
DIieHHep: — 

— "H aJflyi, iio jik>ah, norymiic nejiaib CBepx-ny- 
iCTBCHHue Ha6 jim Adiifl, y n oTp e6 jixiot... supaxeEai, 3a- 

■ HCTBOBaBUbie y HyBCiBCHHiix oin.yio.eHHH... Moat ho BCTpe- 
XHTb... onucaHie cthxhhhoto Tejia... r«e 6yaeT CKa3aao,iio 

OBO XBJIHCIC1... CBeTOBblM... OHO B C H MX H B a e T... MCpIlaCT 

■ CBeTHTCH, H 3 a M e T H O, HTO 3 T H IfBeTOBbie H CBCTOBHC HBJIC- 

III cyTi> npoxB jieHHH... jkh3hh. To, o ich... roBopm Ha6jiK>- 
AaTejib... HesHAHMO. 3io npoHcxojHi onoro, no b csepx- 
HyBCTBeuHOM nepeKHBaHHH ocbo6ow Aeuae ot lyjciBeH- 
Boro Tejia He 6usaeT nojiuLiii"**. 



•Cp. OT. 409— ilO. 
"nCH. 30, 31. 



99 



^yBCTBeHHoe 6epeTca 3Aecb b o6pa3noit, b oin.yin.eHHH He KopeHxmeMCJi 
ciiiicjie; b CMWcjie o6pa3a ibux coctohhhh cosHaiaiu; 6epeTca, Rax chmboji; 
aBTop ace, Be iiohhb HHHero, crpyHT Hfl: "C p e a h seen sioa o n y t a h - 
bocth iijiothmh b oiiaiBii c n p a m h b a e m i> ce6n HstoHeq, 

A8 He flOCTITOMHO JIH HSll, OABHEO, eflHHOH laTCpiH?.. 

H e T , TeoccxpHH t p e 6 y e t , itoBh mm Hanparajii Ham fl y x 
A a ji b m e , iio6u oh h a k o h e q " y b h a e ji " a p y r h e paiHue m a - 

TCpHH"*.— 

— HenoHHiiaHHe b ycBoeHHH TeococpcitHX hohhthh npoapaHHo 
npeACTaBJieHo: o6pa3Hoe BbipaaceHHe — "njiOTt" cnyTaHO c... MHHepajiMH.111 
coctobom... Ottoio-to h cnyraHa: ofwiacTb o6pa3Hbrx MOAejieH (paHTasHH c (pe- 
HoueHOH MHHepaju>HOH npnpoAbi: MarHHTOii; oiroro ctbahh coctohhhh 
cnyraHti c "p a 3 h w m h npyrma kaiepmui". H TaK AaJiee, Aajiee... 
J^-p HlTeHHep ham roBopHT: — 

— "Bnojrae cbohctbchho omfcaHne, n o ji b • 
3 yiomee ch... BupaseHiei... acnuxn aei ubctoboi o6jihk"**. 



§ 56. )KM3Hb KpacKM 

CoCTOHHHe CTHXHHHOCTH B CBOHX TOHKax KaCaHHB C COCTOHHHejI 

lyBCTBeHHOCTH paspsacaeTCfl b HJiaHOiiepHOH rpaAanHH KpacotHO-CBeTOBtix 
OTneiaTKOB; b hjiockocth lyBCTBeHHtix BbipaxeHHH coctohhhc 3to nojibsyeTCH 

CHMBOJIHKOH Cy6beKTHBHOrO 3peHHH C TOH> KOHKpeTHOH eCTeCTBeHHOCTMO, C Ka- 

koh mm H3KHBaeju ce6n b cHMBOJiHKe opraHOB nyBCTB; uyieaie, kkshi, 
yapaacHCHie b iiopajn>HOH pa6ore uan HyBCTBeHHbiM OTnetaTKOii — ocr- 
pae Teopm TeTe; cy6i»eKTHBHoe spemie npeAonpeAejueT Hail Kpacxy; ynpa- 
XHeHHe, Benyis.ee aac k cthxhhhocth, npeBpamaeT o6jiacTb paGoTti b nocxpo- 
eHHe cthxhhhoto opraHa BoenpHHTHH: sama cthxhhhoctb bctbhtch, hjichhtch 
h 3axHraei Half b xpacKe cbctoboh h 3w6jieMbiH nap: imp KpacoHHofi »b3hh. 

TeTe xoTeji AymeBHoro ynpaatHeHHH b OTHOinemoi x 3peHHto, h TeTe He 3Haji: 
npHJioxemie ynpaxHeHBH k 3peHHK> cyacHsaeT AHana30Hbi iiopajibHo b Hac 
npopacraHunea apacoHHOCTB, saKynopaBaer nepepa6oTxy HyBCTBeHHbix noc- 
Jie-o6pa30B; nepeHecerae ynpaxufemifl b Aymy, 6e30THOcineju>HO Kpacmi, mieHHO 
— a 3aauiraeT b Hac hobbih imp: cbctoboh; KpacKa 3Aecb — HamxcaHHH 
o&beRTHBHemnHX 3HaKOB: cbctohh — a36yica; a Teneirae hx — pa3rosopbi cymecrB. 

TeTe acAaJi pe3yjibTaTa ot ynpaaeemifl c rjiaaoii; ot docji e-o 6 p a 3 a oh 
bocxoaht k AymeBHOCTH; h — B3MBaeT: — 

— "^yitaio a... nyieii ynpax- 
HeHHH... nocjie-o6pa3 (Nachbild) mot 6bi nepsaiica 
a AOJibine, h BHyTpeHHefi"***. 



* PoL 441, 442. 
"IICH. 32. 
•••GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 315. 



100 



^OKTopoM UlTeSBepou yTBepatflaercii: K p a c k a b nymessocn 
aac otbocbt — k cymecTBy CTaxaaBoro uapa; b cyiqecrBe AyinesHoro 
ynpaatBeaaJi pacxpbiBaeTCJi a raase — rji«3: h uepnaane KpacKH b rjiaay 
■a B«BBJTTBoro Tpenexa cySieKTHBaeHimx Bcnbnnex paspbraaercs — b bo- 
■mA imp: ajKpasHTa xpacox; cseTbi, TpeneTbi, cbbtohb — HaHepTaami 
oymecTB. 

IIpoAonaceHiie a peajn>Boe pacampeaae cbctoboh TeopHH TeTe comae- 
■ o rpaAaqHH Tere — b acaxanecKOB opepe; 3Ta ate c<pepa H3 cipepbi 
oyoiexroao mpnaionnuc nepeacBawng (ot npocTeninax — ao cjioshbix: 
nepeaauaiau UBeronue) npeBpaiqaexo, oajiee, b Tec-paw ayp"', KaK oyme- 

BHOB XB3BB B CTBXBBBOB ■ B aBCSBBOli; B 3AeCb FeTeBS' ttpaCKB 

— anepsbie bo bjiotb caoero BbipaaceHBJi: oaa — CMex, Taaeu., njiai aymeBHoro 
CyiqecTBa: "H a m a cjiobb nojiyiBJiB... isaieBie a oineia- 
tox... rjiaBBbm o6pt]on no oiBOmeaHn k icjiecHOiiy mh- 
py*, to ecTb Mapy opraaos HyBcrs: b "opraBB3Me" cTBXBBBoro a 3se3ABoro 
cocioehu »e "iiHOroe... iioaceT 6biTb Dtueitoo a BBiCKaiauo 

JIBBIb B CHMBOJiax"**. X - 

npapooaaji pen. ciBxaaHoro coctohhbh OToGpaanMa jtaan>, KaK 
bhvtbo rjiacawaa xpacxa: — 

— "Xiiei b Ayxe... — CKaauBaeicH po- 

30B O- Kp aCHBIHB III c b e I JI o - <p a O JI e T O B bl II B H. B e T a If B... O c - 

Kop6 Jie h h oe lyaeno lecn... mowho Bocnpiam b Bgge 
TeMHO-3e JieHbix o6jiaxoB... IIpacTyn CTpaxa... bbacb... CBep- 
xy AOBB3y,KaK BOJiHuciue bojiocm caaero UBeia"'"... 
Tax rosopBT A-p IHTeBaep; BCBbmnca CBeTa 3Aecb — pent. 

"y ICBOBl ABIQCTO... HOC JIB flOBBT e JliB OCTb OBpOKB- 

uy Ta: bb y Tpeau bb oiui nonjueici ipeABipn e jilh o, Be - 
onpeAejieBHO, KaK... BocnoiiiBauie o Epacie; a botom yace 
noHBJiaeTCH o6paa, eras obbbjbbck ace xisei a waseS"****. 

^ajiee, aaCTynaeT coStrrae o6pasa — b lyBCTseuHOM Mape. 

B o6bKBOBeBBoa coctoxhhb co3aaBBJi — aao6opoT: co6biTBe aaCTynaeT 
cnepsa; bm BbrabiBaeTca o6pa3BOCTb; o6pa3HOCTb, cyiiuapyacb b naiiHTH, 
ocTaeTca ran, xax BOCBOMHaaaBe o xpacoMBOii Toae. TeTe cboaht Teopaio 
xpacox x — cyS-beKTBBBOMy o6paay; b cy6i>eKTBBBOM o6pa3e xpacxB bbabt ob 
Byn. nepexofla ot <pB3BOJioraHecxoro x ncaxaiecxoMy a AyxoBHOiiy; a npeA- 
naraeT — nyn> ynpaxaeHBa: b npoiieacyroHBoa o6jiacTH (ae to b bcb- 
xo-(pB3B0JioraHecKOH, ae to b <pB3BO-ncaxBiecKoa); npeA-naran 3Aecb ynpa- 
acaeBBe, OTpesaer TeopaM> CBeTa ot <ibcto (pB3a<iecKOB c<pepbi; a npapesaer: 
X AymeBBOuy ynpaaraeHBio. 

IlyTb AyinosHoro ynpaacseBan — nyra AyxoBHoa aayxB. 



*T. 74. 
•• Ibid. 75. 

••• Teocoduw, 145, 146. 
••• Cp. OT. 410. 



101 



CBeTOBaji TeopHH TeTe, hbjihhci, 6yroHOM, b Teocotpim h b onbrtaoii 
npaxaice xpncTaaHCTBa, pacxpuBaetia b nbiumbm ubctok; TeTeB CBeT (4>a- 
aopcKHJi wjo*... "aBeaflttbtfi") TOJifcKO h BoaHoxeH — b jiyne: cbctb XpacxoBa; 
TeTesa xpacoiHOCTfc (aypa) B03iioxBa xax npoaBJiemiaH 3KH3Hi> uapa cyuqecTB: 
xax paflyra HepapxBn; paAyrofi TeTeaa KpacKa cxoaht c ae6a Ha aeifjuo: 
aarejiu a apxaHrejiti b Ben Be^yr paarosop; Rpaco<ou>rB up — up aajieuum 
— C03flaHHe TsopiecTBa aisreJioB, ocyiqecTBJixeiioe b 6opb6e c nyxaiix tuim, 
rfle oyina Hejiosexa ecn> najnrrpa; cmiti Ayimx, npneiijui cbct impa, npoHcaa- 
kit hm 5e3flHW MaTepra. KpacoHHOCTb, paajmas b Hope, eCTb Been. O TOM, MTO 
Ayma mjioBexa npoxo/qn nojioaceHHbiH nyrt: na tuim k cseTy. 

Xopomo roaopHTca o csne h xpaoce b MHCrepiM A-pa ntreHHepa: 

PHILIA: 

Ich will eifiillen mich 
Mit klarttem Lichtessein 
Aus Weltenweiten 
Ich will eratmen mir 
Belebenden Klangesstnff 
Aus Aetherfernen, 
DaB dir, geliebte Schwester, 
Das Weik gelingen kann. 

ASTMD: 

Ich will verweben 

Erstrahlend Iicht 

Mit dampfender flnsterais, 

Ich will verdichten 

Das Klangesleben. 

Es soil erglitaerad klingen, 

Es soil erklingend glitxern, 

DaB du, geliebte Schwester, 

Die Seelenstrahlen lenken kannst. 

LUNA: 

Ich will erwarmen Seelenstoff 

Und will erhiirten Lebensather. 

Sie sollen sich verdichten, 

Sie sollen sich erfiihlen, 

Und in sich selber seiend, 

Sich schaffend halten; 

DaB du, geliebte Schwester, 

Der suchenden Menschenseele 

Des Wissens Sicherheit eneugen kannst"*. 

Teopan TeTe, npoflOJisteHHau iieTOAHtecKii, nepejiaraeT KpacoHHOCTb b ay- 
my; nepejioaceHBax, aymoa OHa cuoBa crymaetca — no cjiOBy MHCrepHH. 



102 



§ 57. BonnoiiieHHOCTb TeTeBOM KpacKM 

GjieayeT nexxo oxifexurb. 

OflyinesjieHHe TeTesoH KpacKH — ue Btmofl aScxpairrHOH xeopHH; He 
nocTyjiaT, rjiacainjiH c sepimiabi ee; oAymesjieHHOCxb xpacxH ajih rexe ecn> 
(parr; TeopHH csexa npeAineeTByeT oh; TeopiiH HjieHopaa«ejii.uo junm, Bbirosapii- 
■aet AasHO HaBecrHoe TeTe; rpaAainu ontrroa b rpaAainui oTHOineHHH ecn> asGyxa 
OTHomeinifi; a36yKa, cjiaraa cjiobb, BbuiaraeT npeA Bceiin jihuu> to, tto Texe 
BCAaji ffo ontrra; seAemie noaza nepejiaraexca b 3Haniie; anaHiie, He cjiHBaflca 
c BeneHHeii. BeAemno npojiaraeT nyTH CTaxb JiorHHecKMM yTBepatAemieM. 
yTBepKACHHe b cepeAHHe; no Hero h 3a bum ctoht npo3peHHe Tere; reTesa 4> H3HKa 
— oGjienenae noarinecKOH, peaJitHeninefi 6bijih b h3mk ohbithi>ix npeACTaBJie- 
hhh; ho "seAeHHe" He HacHJiyeT ontrra: onbrr xeneT He npeAB3jrro; onbrcbi He 
■cxaacaiox npo3peHHja; h bach ckbo3ht 3a HBJieHHeii; onpo3panHena rexesa 
xpacKa h cjioaceHa: He H3 "h h r ii e h t o b", a — H3 AymeaHOCTefi. "B e a e h h e" 
noaxa oTpasnuiocb b yTOHOM HCKaHHeif CBo6oAHoro om-rra; onui Teie — peajibHoe 
o6meHHe c npapoAofi; h aoace He "n uik a' 1 npnpoAii; He — ee HCTep3aHHe. 

JIio6oBHoe OTHoineane k ontrry cjiaraeT xeopmo; 3Aeci» rexe ynoAo6jiHexca 
JleoHapAO-Aa-BnHHH; KaK axox nocjieAHHH cuaraeT xeopHio paxoBHH H3 jik>6o- 
HtBmi paKOBHBOH, H3 BJiio6jieiiHOCTH, iioacex Dbrxb, b ee nepejiHB, Tax Texe 
GJlaraex Teopino H3 Tpenexa nepeA xpacKoa; caniaa MaTepnaitbHaji icpacxa 
y TeTe Tpeneinex jryHaiiH. 3-ro — He Tax ce6e xpacxx, a — axa bot 6npK>30BaH, 
xrpaioiqaH Ha CTpynax Ayimi, H3 6npi030Bo-nypnypHi>ix Hacxpoeiniii — cjioace- 
ni Texe 3tb box iiaxepHajibHue: 6Hpio30BaH a nypnypHaja xpacxH 1 "; h — oh 
jno6m hx; h ohh — AyineBHOcxH hjim Hero; MaxepHajibHafl xpacxa ecxi> npeatAe 
Bcero Bonjioinemie; h yac nocjie — HBJiemie; HBJieHHe b Ha6jiK>AeiiHH; b aocnpii- 
jrnui — yace BonJiomeiiHOCTi; jieiOAHHecKH xparacy oh 6paji, xax HBJieHHe, 3Hajj 
a p r i o i i, <rro OHa — BomioujeHHe; xaHHa 3xoro BonjiomeHHH, HeBwpa3HMaa 
B TepifHHe, onpeAeJMjia y Texe 6jiaroroBeHHoe oTuomeHne x caMoiiy cpeaoMeny 
■pacxH; 6jiaioroBeHHoe Bocnpiuxiie BonJioineanxi OTapamajio ero ox paccyAOi- 
■mx cnexyjuoHH; b3hb BonjioineHHOCTb (peHOMeHOM iiaSjuOAeHBH h ontrra, oh 

B6 MOr npOH3BOAHTB BHBHCeKUHH) HaA UejIOCTHOH flaHHOCTiKt, XOXH 6bl H B MblC- 

jm; c h h e e 6buio Be/tb ajih Hero xoju»ko He<rro, yBOARxa.ee srjiyGb 3a co6oh>; 
X p a e h o e — H3BHe npHxoAam^ra, b jtyiny npocaxqiiHCH Miip; 3th box aocnpa- 
jrbh 6bijin aju Texe HepaspbiBHti c (peHOMeHasua: xpacHoe, cxHee. Mbicjnrib 
"xpacHoe" b "xJioHKax" aGcxpaxxnoio KOJDiHecTBa KOJieGaHira, 3HaHnx: 
KbicjieHHO coBepinaTb Hacnjme HaA iiejiocxHMM xpacKH; HenpasojiepHoe hjih 
Aaste cjiytaHHoe npHui>imJieHne x ontrry — TeTe xa3ajiocb KomyHCTBeirHtiM; 
onbrr b iiaCHJiHH — He HcnbrraHHe: nbixaHHe; a6cxpaxxHOMy Apo6jienHio 

npHpOAbl B MHKpO-HBJieHHH IjpOTHBOIIOCTaBHJI TeTe jno6oBHbLH cboh ontiT: 

■occosAaBaHae hbjichhh. TexeBCKHH onbix, CTaBH b rpaHimti asjieHHa n ocTaaa- 
XCb HayHHbiii, uejioaiyApeHHO ocTasjiHJi ueHapyineimofi TaHHy (peHOMeHa; 
6jiaroroBeHHoe ycTanosjieHHe npoTO-tpenOMeHa ecTb yxa3aHHe Ha oxxpbiBaio- 
Xpm cpaxT; yiJiyGjieHHe »te b MHCTepmo eio Bonjioin.eHHOCTH, yxa3aHHe Ha 
B/teio b HBJieHHH, — 3xo see OTHocmiocb k Huojiy napajiJieJibHOiiy impy; 3to 

103 



Bee coaepqaTejiBHO noAbruajioci. b flyine. B CBoeft TeopHH CBeTa TeTe CTpoHT 
hbm tHCTyio, ot npH-MbiinJieBHH cBoGoflHyw onTHKy, cboh> onTMKy — on- 
THKy jiH)6oBHoro oribrra, 6epe»HO 6epymyio xpacxy a sacTaBJtaiomyio ee 
pa3BHBaTbCH cbo6oaho Bne npH-JibiiojieBHiiix KOJie6aHHB; KaK TaKOBan, TeTeBa 
"<p Hiisa" cctb "<p Hina", nocKOJitKy OHa Kacaeicn onbna; nocKOJiucy »e 
OHa ofleaaeT b h b ji e h a e aeKoe Bonjiomeirae CBbiine, oaa — ynopHaoieHBe 
nojioateHHoro Han b TBBHe: h TaK natnaM, xpovatoco^iiiHa ona. Teo- 
perHHeCKH TeTe KpacKy npoBOflHT no BocxoAflmeiiy pflAy: 1) cuyHaBHoe 2) 
MexaHHMecKoe 3) (|>H3BHecKoe b t. a- Co6ctb6hho reiraajibHoe aaKJuoieHO yace 
b cjiywBHOM. BocxoflamBB pHA ecn> co6cTBeHHO Kpyr. TpaAauiu Tyr — no 
xpyry: H cpH3BKa — ne (paaaxa BOBce, a BHeumee BbLHBjiemie xpoiiaToco- 
<p b a TeTe. 

TaKOBa TeopHH CBeTa. 



§ 58. "XpoMaTococpMn" m 3mwihh MeTHep 

Moh peTynn., npa noifOioH KOMMeirrapafl A-pa DheHHepa, cseTO- 
bob TeopaB TeTe — 3Ji6paoHajibiibiH na6pocoK; ne acnojiisoBaji h b leTaepTH 
KoiiMeHTapaa; HHTaTejib, nojiaraio jj, bb^cji — uecoB3uepHMOCTi> KapTHu: 
CBeTOBOB TeopHH Teie b TpaHCKpBnqaa Meraepa a fl-pa DlTeHHepa; BO-BTopux, 
BBflHi on: Mbicjii A-pa DlTeHHepa a ee ace — b TpaucKpannBB Meraepa. 
Ha6pocan> flBe KapTHHbi, a He flan. "yieHini" TpaKiaT — mob Kopemiaa 
aaAana: Mernep naorn noJiy-a<popa3MaMB, nojiy-(pHJioco<pCKBMB paccyameHH- 
jdih; nojioBBHHaTOcn, Tona tojictoiw ero TOiia He aaeT mhc bosmowhoctb 
yrjiy6BTBCH b hbcto iiayHHyio hjih ace cpHJiocotpcKyio TpaKTOBXy BOnpocoB, hm 
AHJieraHTCRH nocTaBJieimbrx; a saHBJiaTtCH KpaTBKoa ueSjiaroaapHO a racyHHO. 

H no3Toiiy line ocTaeTcn: pacoBaTb KapTBHbi a — naGpacbisa-n, Koirrypbi 
no itaTepaajiy, Bcnoju>30BaTi> KOTOpbiH bo3mohcho b OTAejibHoft, o6i>eiiBCTOB 
KHHre, a He b cataTOa rjiase. 

MHoroo5pa3ae ccmjiok hbbjio: fl-p nLreiuiep mmcjibt HHane, ten ayjiaeT 
neit ysaacaeMbni aBTOp pa36opa. AaTopy b rjiase Teie a cpaaaKa" 
cjieflosajio 6m oraeTHTi.: nojuioe csoe pacxoayieHae co ciaTbflMH a KoitueH- 
Tapaeii k "GNS". 06 as^amta Kiopnraepa 1 " b rjiase 'TeTe a cpaaaKa" asrop 
ynopHO mojihbt, a... MOJiiaTb He Hiteer oh npasa: CTaTta A-pa DlTeHHepa 
b npHMenaHBH k TeKCTy npeBbiinaMT o6i>eHOM "GW", a "GW" nocBflinaeTca 
— uejitra tom. 

Ynopnoe arHopapoBauae "GNS" 6oJiee neit HenpocTBTeJibHO. 

Eepy rJiaBy aBTopa "4> ajiocotpcKaa loaimi icieaacTB a"; sap- 
BapcKB b ueft aBTop pacnpaBBJica c 76 crpaiamaMa "GW", yMOJinas: 

— 1) o 90 CTpaHflnax "Grundlinien einer Erkenntnistheorie der Goetheschen 
Weltanschauung" 1 " (siejiKoro mpacpTa). 

— 2) o 74 CTpauauax (neTBTa) CTaTtB-npeAacjioBBJi k XXXIV Touy 
HSaaiiBH Kiopnraepa, paa6Hpaioinax noaaqBio FeTe-cpHJioccxpa b ero OTiioine- 

104 



iin K Cnaii03e, KanTy, ^acopAaao Bpyiio, EUnjuiepy, <I>HXTe, IHeJiJiHHry, 
IIIoneHrayapy m.j.; 

— 3) o 15 CTpainiuax nenrra npmieqaBHH k TexeBy TeKCTy; 

— 4) o acchth CTpaHnnax CTaTBH-npeflHCJiOBHB k OT^ejiy "Spriiche in 
Proia" XXXVI tomb hsabbhji Kropumepa; 

— 5) paBHO o KOMHeBTapHH k TeKCTy ""Spriiche in Proaa" (ao 20 CTpaiiHu, 
neTHTa). 

To ecTt: — 

— o 209 CTpaeiuax neixia xapaKTepncTHKH Te- 
Te-(pajioco(pa yBaBcaeMbm aBTop b rjiaBe "<I>HJioco<pcKaH no3ui{BJi rextaHCTBa" 
ynopHO mojihht; co B3rjiaviaiia, Taji npoBe/ieHHbiMii, on He cnaxaeTca; a noToiiy: 
peaioiie 3tbx bstjihaob b "GW" (83 CTpaHHUbi Kpynuoro mpHcpTa), ue noinniaa 
■x, oa nocBxmaeT rjiasy. 

B CJieflywmeH rjiase "OpraHHiniaii TeTe" — noBTopnercH xa ace HCTopun; 

■ — BcrpenaeT Hac xpacaope<iaBeHinee iiojnaHBe o — 

— 1) 74 CTpaHBB(ax neTHTa ciaTMi-npeAHCJioBHJi x XXXIII Toaiy; 

— 2) MBHBiiyM 40 CTpamtuax neTHTa KOMMeHTapmj k TeTesy TeKCTy 
XXXIII-ro ioua; 

— 3) 14 CTpaBHiiax B3 "GEGW", nocBaujeuHtix opramuce. To ecTt: 60 
CTpanau Kpynsoro nnnupTa "GW" HCKaacesbi; a 128 crpamm KOHKpeTHefiinero 
pa3i>acBeniiB nponymenbi aBTopoM. K neity 3to npHBOflHT? Bot k neiiy: 
ysaxaeMbni aBTop nporapaHHO TOJiKyeT o 6noreneTjiHecKOM aaKoae, c6jmBcaa 
■oaapeBHH A-pa IHreHHepa c 6HoreHe3HCoii reiucejiH; o 6norene3Hce He pac- 
npocTpaHfleTCH fl-p OTreHHep b "GW". H o 6noreHe3nce noApoGao TpaxTyeT 
craTia-npeflHCJioBHe, mto bhabo b3 iihoh npHae/jeHoro orjiaBJieanfl cortepwauta 
cmui. 

Hto6m CyAHTb O nOflJIHHHOM COOTHOUieHHH UelKJXy xeKCIOJI B "GW" 

■ TeKCTOM B "GNS", AOCTaTOHHO COnOCTBBHTb CTpaHHUbi; CTpaHHUa 

■ "GW" paaaa (45x32 = ) 1440 6yKBaM; CTpaHHna b "GNS" paBaa 
(72x44=) 3080 6yKBan; to ecTb: crpaHHua neTHTa pasna flsyn cTpaimuaii 
"GW". HToro: no sonpocy opramucH aBTop BbiKHuyji (npaBOAH CTpanHin.i 
''GW" h "GNS" k OAHOiiy SHaMenaTejiio) 256 CTpamiu,, paBHbix crpaHHue 
"GW"; no sonpocy o jueTOAOJiorBH h cpBJiococpBH Tete oh BbiKHHyji 
(cjcejio iioxbo CHHTaTb) ao 350 crpauHU. To *e b sonpoce o (pH3HKe; 
nui 'Texe b tpB3BKa" HCKaataeT 31 CTpaiiHiry jnrrepaTypHoro peaioite; 

■ MOJIHBT O 

— 1) 30 CTpainiuax neTHTa craTbH npeAHCJiOBHH k "XXXV" TOMy B3AaHHH 
Kiopomepa, pasiibix 60 crpaHHuaM "GW" u TpaKTyiomnx o Teopan KpacoK 

— 2) 16 CTpanHijax crarbH npeflHcrcoBHfl k XXXVI Tony, pasHbix 32 
SHUaM "GW". 

— 3) UBBHuyu 80 CTpannuax noApoGnoro KoiuieHTapHa k cbctoboh xeopan 
e, pasubix 160 crpaBHU,aM "GW". 
HToro: 31 CTpaiiHua oCMemia aBiopoii; h He paaoGpaHO 126 CTpannu 

[■MTHTa, paBHbix 252 CTpauBuau "GW". 

105 



Htoto: — 

— b ipex nepBbix rjiaaax nepioio toki "Pa3Mwin- 
jieBii o reie"pa3o6paHO 180 cipaa nil h o n y m e h o, nepeao- 
Afl b cipaHiqu "GW", (350 + 256 4- 252)^58 cipaHm noapo6- 
aoro pa3i>HCHeHHH. PaaucHeHae no ioBogy Kaatfloro H3 
ipex sonpocoB (<pHJioco(pHH, opraHHKa, <p h 3 h k a) npeuti- 
maei paiHepavii KHHry fl-pa fflieiHepa, no flaBinyio hobo a 
k HanxcaEin tojicioto 1011a nojieji»Kii;B leifle <p a r y p h - 
pyeT Peie. jQ[ojir spmnxH npHHSit bo BnHiiaHHe flecH- 
TiJieiBii T p y fl KOUHeiinpoiauia h yacHeHHU T ere, cio- 

H10.HH B KpHMameM ipOIHBOpeilB O T H O C H T 6 JI b H O BCeX Ka- 

TeropHHecKHX oGsiiueuHH 3 m ii ji h a Memepa, npefliHBJien- 
hmx fl-py UlTeHHepy. 

— Ho M ex Hep mojihht. 
MoaceT 6bm>, He nofl03pesaeT oh o cymecTBOBaumi H3AaHna Kwpirmepa? 

C asTopoM o6ctoht flejio xyxe: o 858 cxpaHHifax ("GEGW" a "GNS") 
aBTop 3HaeT npeicpaCHO, ho... mojihht o khx Taai, r«e KacaeTCH HenocpeflCTBeHHO 
Bonpocos, 3aTpoHyrbix nun (b nepstix ipex iJiaaax); tojuko xaH, iRe Ha«o6- 
hoctb Ha hhx yKB3aTb MHHOBaJia h oh nepexoflirr K 3CTeiHKe, OH b npHMenaHHH 
x rjiase "3 c t e t h k a h chmbojib3m" — b npixeiaazB, cnpaiaii- 
bom Ha aaflBopKi o6teiiiCToit tain, Ha 49 8-h cipaaiiie 
— pa3peinaerca ot 6peaieHH <ppa3oio: — 

— "Xoth 

UlTexHep b csoeM npeflHC jiobhh k XXXV xoiiy Kwpin- 

HepOBCKOIO 13ABBI1 Felt H lOBOpHT, 1IO (p H 3 H K a H yH6- 

Hie o ij B e t a x r e T e — "a Be coBepmeHHO pa3JiHiHue b e m h", 
OflHaKO oh... He coaHaei cKa3aanoro". IIcHxojiorjiH 3toh iniTaTbi 
OTpesaeT aBTopa ot bosmoschocth KaK-jm6o onpaBflaTbca b HcxaHcemai b3tjih- 
AOb fl-pa EHiefiHepa Ha ocHoaaHHH cjie^yiomero: — 

— 1) npHMMaHHe Ha 498 
crpaHHiie MHOnie H3 HHTaTejiefi He npoiryT; 

— 2) npoHTH, uenocpeflCTBeH- 
ho He 3anHTepecyiOTCH mi, h6o oho otboaht ot TpaKTyejiofi Tesibi — "scie- 
t h k h"; 

— 3) Meamy TeM y hhx oc- 
TairyTCH b naMHTH <ppa3bi, no,ao6Hbie cjieflywmHM: "UlTeHHep 6ieica 
k a k p bi 6 a o 6 ji e a" b ncKaHHH pa3flejinTejn.HOB cpopMyjibi Meac/iy TeTe 

H (pH3HKOH; 

— 4) ynOMHHaHHe bckojimi, 
06 H3ABHHH Kwpnniepa co3flaeT ysepeHHoCTb b tom, «rro neHTp xapaKTepacTH- 
kh TeTeBOH <pn3HKH b 31 CTpamine "GW"; npeflucjioBHe, KOMMeHTapim MoryT 
saHHTb seffb h HecKOJiBKo cTpaHHHeK, He 6ojiee; 

— 5) H BO BCHKOM cjiyiae, 

6eflHOMy «arraTejiio HenasecTHO, hto (bopMyjia paaflejiemiH TeTe h (|ph3hkh 
(npHBOflH k CTpaHKuaM "GW") o6nHMaeT C06010 252 CTpaHimbi TeKCTa; no 

106 



oraoineimo k him 31 cipamma "GW" — KpaTKoe pe3H)Me; a sect Hemp 
RapurrepHCTBKB — b h3abhhh KwpmHepa. 

— He yTaHBaTB yTBepatfleHHH, npoTHBopeHainiix KpHTHKC, — /iojit acsxoro 
•tpwraca; yrBepxtaeHHe a-pa IDTeftaepa, <rro (pjMHxa h y Hemic o inine "n b e 
(loiepmcBiio pa3JiBHiibie b e m h", HOAxpenjieHO /tecHTxaiiH CTpaami 
■ orpoMuefiinHM, yHeaeiunHM aonapaTOM; yTBepsc/ieHHe b npmieHaHHH: "ofl- 
Dlio oh He coauaeT CKa3aHHoro", h yiiojiHaHHe o »a3iiEOii 
• Texcte, — cneKyjiaipiH Ha aeBCACHiQi <arraioin.e& ny6jniKH. 

yBaacaeMbm aarrop noapbisaeT ce6ji: Kpurajca ero — TpaBJia, TpaBjiH, 
nyacHax fljust hmo-to; TpasjiH, 3apaaee npeflpeinennaa; bsimibam fl-pa nTreH- 
MBpa He HHTepecyMT ero. 



f 59. Te-r« 6mh... — KyjibTyp-tperep 



i" 



Tenept aosbiieii aBTopa. 

Miicju. ero b OTHOinemiH k TeTesoH TeopnH cseTa aaace He "ejie 
QMThtcb", a — BOBce He CBenrrcfl. Meatfly Teii: CBeTosaH Teopaa TeTe — o^ua 
■S BepnmH reieaacTBa; TeTe aeflb hbm npasaaeTca: — 

"H TO H B MOCH 

CTOJieiHU b t p y a h o h h a y k e leopn xpacox oaiu, 3 h a jo iq h b 
npaBHJibHoe, — b o t aa a t o & c e 6 h h u, e h io, h c o 3 h a m c b o e 
npeanyqeciBO nepefl MioriMi'". 

3ob TeTe k hbii — yBaxmrb Teo- 
pino cseTa — asTopoif He yaaacea; HOCBamennaH "irapy Kpacoic" MiaBa"* 
•— TJiasa TOJicToro TOMa — aojiatHa 6m, Ka3ajioci>, iiaM /ja-n. — TOJocoBoe 
paaiacHeHHe: k a k hiicuho c m o t p e ji r e t e. 

Ho ertMHCTBeuBoe, hto mm ot asTopa yiuaeM — bot hto >u>i yaHa- 

— ^ni r e t e — c b e t nojiipBocn tmu; boi y at e iieiio 

lAOBHO lHHKJH3HieCKOe"". 

3tO "h e H T o" II 3TO "CJIOBH o" 

HHTBTeju.?.. EIoHejiy 6biCTpo h hcho He (popiiyjuipoBaTfc mmcjib, kbk 
Dpujieiia ohb y fl-pa nTreiiHepa: <pH3nxa h yHeinie o cieie — "« b e 
liepmeHHO pa3jiBHiibie leqa". Ho asTop ciaHOBHTCH cxpoiteH; oh 
"cjiobho" Gobtch h npn6eraeT k semaHHio, HanomiHaH>ia.eify Bein,amui 
f aHTHHecKHX Maoinexi KOHiia HCTeKinero seica, nacaBinHX a la MeTepjnmK see 
jt"r «e-io — k a k - t o — h h t o - t o"; rfle, hto h k a k — ocTaaajiocb 
pbrrbDi HenpoHBiiaeitOH tbhhok) h Bbrpaacajio rjiy6nHaocTb, ueH3peHeH- 
b 1 ". He npasna jib — rjiyfioxo: "He hto... cjiobho... auiH... 
1 3 h h e c k o e?" 



• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 331. 
•• Por. 126. 



107 



Bot «rro m>i yaaaeii; y3HaeM h erne: — 

— "E c ji h Kiei nojiaraji, hto 
<b b a b k a ecu Bayxa He o c a m h x iBJitHiJix, a m ji h o n bi t a 
o h h x, t o o CBoeo6pa3Hofi "«p h 3 b k e" r e t e iiokho c k a 3 a T b, 
hto xoth yieBie o i)Beiax h He ibjiictch Eiyion Kyjib- 
TypHoro piAa,ao oho — a jib KyJinypw"*. 

^ep3HOBeHHaH cuejiocn, pa3rpoiia HeycBoeHHOH noaHiom fl-pa mreiiHepa 
CMeHaeTca — OHapoBaTejibHbiM 6op»iOTaHHeii KpacHeKtineii 6apbnnHH: "X on 
yitHie o UBCTax h He... Kyjinypnoro pa^a, ho oho — fljm 
Kyjinypu". yTBepacfleHae, no/K>6aoe npaseAeHuoMy, ecn> OTKpoBeHHbiB 
"oTKaa ot TOjntoBoro o&bacaeBHa' 1 . IIoTepneBnni xpax c TcTe, aBTop c ygBoeH- 

HfelM BblJIOJI BbmJIblBaeT KBK oGjnrenrejib: — 

— " JI erKO roBopHTb o "a y - 
xobhom okb" TeTe... Ccmjixi 3flecb Ha flyxoBHOdb ecu ot- 

K a 3 OT TOJIROBOrO oBtlCHCHHI, K a K IICBBO CMOTpejI T e t e 

h icy dcbho ero cuoipcHRe OTJinajioci ot ciioipeHu 
rtpyrnx"**. — 

— IIpe/iocTaBjLHio ouemcy inrraTbi HHTaTeJiio: nycrb oh conocTa- 
bbt flBa o6i>BCueHBB — "iik dhcbho ciioipeji Teie" bb cseT: fl-pa 
IDTeHHepa ■ Smbjihh Meraepa. 



§ 60. 3aHHTMa cBSTOT«Hbio 

— "CecTb h h a h a t b 
nicaTb ii c Toro hb c cero o r«ie Kasetci bic, hcbog- 

MOaCHWM"***. — 

— HBHoe aejio: — 

— MeTHep Hy»AajicH b nepmijiax: bhaji 3nr- 
(ppBAa, 3HT(ppBAOM ocjienjieHHbifi, oh nonbicKHBaji MaMe'"; euy 6mjio nyauio: 
xaaHB Mane, npn noMonnt Mane, or Mane, — KOCHyn>ca Kpaeinxoii... 3ar- 
(ppaaa. 

3to — npaeM, npaKTHKyeMbiB BCMfly; b npaeM stot npocT; npoeKUBH CBeTa 
Ha njiocKocrrb ecTb tabula rasa — HeHCUHcaimbia 6ejn>ra jihct: eecKa3yeifoe 
nepexBBaHBe TeTe; jiy«nne 6bi b aecKa3yeitOH a npe6trrb b Sejioro jmcTa He 
<iepHB-n>. 

Ho iepHBJia Hainjuicb (He npocibie, a — naaoojiee Hepnbie): fl-p ffiieaaep, 
3H&TOK TeTe h... BHecre c Ten... "oKKyjibTHCT"... KapaxaTypBTi TyT oneHb 
npoeto: KapHKaTypa "oKKyjiiiHo e", b rnaaax ny6juntH onpoKHHeint aeflb 
H "3 H a T o k a icteaBCiB a"; onpoKHHyBiira 3HBTOKa, paxomeTOif KOCHeim.- 
cji a... TeTe; cjiobom: MaKCBiiyit 6e30TBercTBeHHOH npocTOTbi. 



• Por. 127. 
** Por. 94. 

•*♦ Por. 17. 



108 



Meraep — 

— SpocaeTCH Ha 6yjiaaciii>ie cionti: nepHHT GysiaJKHMe ctohm 
b aocTHraeT nepHOToa b ae 3aHepHeHHOM mi nyHKTe hhctoto 
caeTOBoro atJxpeicTa h... — 

flOHOCHT HHTaTejlIO, TTO "3 H a T O k" 

MTeaHCTBa ocseaoMJieH "o pycajiKax a a ji i» <p a x"*; h He npocTo ocBeaoM- 
jich, a — "n o n p o 6 h o" ocBeflOMJiea. 
HMTaxcji* — b yacace. — 

— HepHHJibHaH KJLHKca pacnjuonnuiaci. Ha 6yMa- 
re... ^-pa ffiTeaaepa oxpyxaiOT... "pamie": BTopan pacnjooupuiaci.. Tpe- 

TKH... 

— Bejn.ni jdict — b nepHtix Kjuntcax. 
Cboh nepHwe kjubccbi 3aTeif oh oKpyacaer urrpaxoBKOio: HaiaHaa ot Gojiee 
TeMHOa (pxAOBue (pH3HRH a HRxeaep-TexHOJiora), sepea tieHee TeiiHyio (npo- 
ipeccop <l)opneHflep), k CBeTJieioinaa (reHHajn.Hi.ie TOBapama 4>h3hkob), — - bo- 

BCC CBeTJieKMHHM (KaHT) K... 6ejIOH, HeHCHHCaHHOH HJIOCKOCTH, HsjunoioeH 

KOBTyp: — 

— IlepexoflH r KOHTypy, bhabm mm: 6ynaatHyio hjiockoctb; hoa nea 
vyercx — "Btcxasyeiiui ckh 3": TeTe -»- Hea3peHeHHi>ni h HecpaBHeH- 
HMB... Tyr uecTaMH aBTopa nocemaWT bbachhs: aa Jiyre npeA bbm pacTeT 

— npoTO-Tan; bjdi ate aa aBTopa Hanaflaex — "ctojiShsk": necm, o TeTe 

— romance sana parolea 1 ' 7 — o6p&iBaeTCH; HecKa3yeiu.ni cKa3 — Kpaciiope- 
vuoe MOJiMaane npocTo. 



fl scerfla nopaatajicH oflHOio, oco6om>, nepTOHKOH, xapaKTepH3yiom.eH no- 

pOH 3H8TOKOB HerO 6il TO HH 6bIJIO; flO HeyjIOBHMOCTB TOHKHe 3aiieHaHBfl 

pBCTOHaiOT OBB HOflMaC O flO HeyjIOBHMOCTB TOHKHX fleTajIHX ax jik)6hmoio 

Bejia; b 3aMe«iaHBHX — TajiaHT, TpeneT, Gjiecic; Ayuaeim: ctoht noflo6noMy 
aaaTOKy OAapnri. HHraTCJin xhbtoio o npenMeTe csoea cneiiaajibHOCTH, — ajih 
iHTaTejia oxapoeTCH hobbh apa; a — Her: HHTan Aapaio>ie KHara auaTOKOB Hero 
61,1 to hb SiiJio, HacTO a yflHBJiHJiCH, rbk Gjieisymae aeTajia HioaHcoa nopoa 
"npoapesaioinax" Mbicjiea caeHHJiaca: o6men3BecTiioio cxeuoio; b e/nxHyio 

■ I0.1CJU. ae cjiarajiact M03aaKa iieJiOHea; HMeHHO 3HaTOKH hoboio b cbohi ccpepy 
He bhocht; a aiieHHo: "yfleji flajieTairroB" 6yflHTb mmcju. 3HaTOKOB; 3HaTOKa 

j neperpy weui.1 MaTepaajiOM; MaTepaajrau b npoaecce Bi.iCKa3i.iBaHHB ohh 
- HCT-HeT — nonepxHyTCH; nonepxHyTCH a npoMOJiqa-r; a noicpoiOT m ojiHaime 

iiCXeiiOio, B3H-TOK) aanpoxaT y 6e3/japH0CTa; a erri. npeApaccynpK: 3naTOKOB, 

I npHKpWBaiOIUHX lieCTO HSOpBaHHOH MBICJIH 3aB3HTO-6aHaJU>HOK) CXeMOH), nona- 

TTaTb 3a 6e3n.apHi.1x; b 6ojn.inaHCTBe we cJiynaeB shbtokb He 6e3napHi»i: 
J pa3rOBOpi,i thkbx 3HaTOKOB 6ojii>mero yn.ejn.Horo seca, neat ax nenaTHoe cjiobo; 
I npoacHBH tbkob 3aaTOK no CTa JieT, — mbicjib ero Taica cjiohchtch: a — 6yn.eT 

* Por. 87. 

109 



rpoMHAOKt; bo 3uaTOKH ao-cth jieT oneiu. hbcto b neiaTiiux Tpyaax hbjihmt 
AOcaoHoe 3pejmm;e: a6eppau.HB o6inHx uecT noKptisaeT opHrnnajiBHyio mmcjii.. 

Hto-to ecxb ot ynOMHHyTtix 3hstorob h b ysaacaeMOM aBTOpe; ysaacaeiiBra 
asTop Tparmea: TajiaHTjmBOCTi — hbjibho, a npoiey b Hen Her; BiiecTO Miicjin 
o Ttnt — smoubs: o6ji&ko npHxoTJiHBbrx opBaiieinoB, Haii pHcywujax aB-ropa, 
xax HirrepecHoro leJioBena; h — tojibko; o6jiaxo — He othochtch hh k TeTeBy 
impy MbicjiH, hh k jtnpy mmcjib A-pa IHTeBuepa; "oGjibko" pa3Be «rto pacyeT 
3MOUHIO x reTeaoH mmcjib Sea TeTeBOH jii,icjih; unmincy roBopamero TeTe 6ea 
cjiobb mbmbkb: no«jiHHHiiH "romance sans parole a". Tax: cjiymafl rojioc 
jnoGaMoro, mbi hc BHHKaeii b mi>icju> rojioca — BHHxaeii b 3Byx rojioca; bhabii 
6joicTaHHe "cHBe-xapero" rna3a; o ieM "BjiHCTainie" — Bee paBHo: o ieji «a 
HH6yajb! 

Ten ctoht nepeg as-ropon: nocTOHHiioe npacyTCTBHe TeTe npenjrrcTByeT 
aBTopy Mbicjnm. o TeTe; npHcyrcTBHe nocTOHHHo; h hoctohhho: KOH<py3HTCH 
asrop. Pa3MbmijUTfc oh 6yAeT hoiom, xor^a ya^er TeTe. Hto xaxax-TO orpoM- 
Hax KbicjDb xoieT npope3aT&cx b Heii, 3to — hcbo; hto ona He npope3ajiaci> 
— Toace hcho; a acHO: Tenept He npopeateTca. 

Hto A-p UTrefiHep npopesaji heu umcjih o TeTe caoeio orpoiiHoio mbicjuio, 
3Toro aBTop a priori He Aonycnrr flo BpeveuB csoero paspeineHHB or 6peiieHH; 
TOjrtxo iiyApoe co3epuaHHe h orpemeHHocTi. or nyBCTB c roflaim euy Mticrn, 
npopexeT. H Torffa c 6ojn>meK> HesaBHCHMOCTbio oraeceTCH oh k orpouHOMy 
co3flaHHW A-pa IIlTeBHepa: BCKp&rraio ajih Bcex Hac TeTesa icapa mmcjib. 
Hepes rojiosy HMHenmax "PasMMUUieHHii" o TeTe h acejuuo aBTopy AOJirofi, 
a rJiasHoe, chokobhoh pa6oTii, noTOMy *rro acfly ot Hero bhmx "paaMMimie- 
hm" o Teie. 



rilABA SETBEPTAft 

METOflOJIOrHfl PyflOJlbOA UlTEflHEPA 

§ 61. Mom paa6op 

Mob paa6op p a 3 6 o p a B033peBHi cboahtch k yKaaaHHio, hto 
Tbxoio pas6opa h hct; a pa36apaTi> He iiory: a onuctiBaio. Tne nnea, iiohhthh, 
<J>pa3M TaHuyMT cbob Taaei^, Tan p a a 6 o p ueB03MoaceH. Tpfi H^en, TeneHHH, 
■veHa HBJieHbi b hx crpeiimejibBOM BHxpe, r«e oxBaneHHi>in accon.naiaieii 
taxop yaocHTca ejo — Tail paa6op HeB03iionceH. 

Tan BO-o6paaceH «-p nTreHHep; Tan BO-o6paaceH Kairr; Tail BO-o6paaceB 
"orpamieiBui" <p H3HK c ero "reHaaJiinuu TOBapmqeii". Boo6- 
paaceime 6bexca Tasi; Boo6paxteHHeM Smotch t*m; Ha nosepxHOCTH iioahhtoS 
6ypn, KaK hh b HeM He Siisajio, Tail MeTaMTCH o6ti«nibie TepimHbi — "oh- 
K y ji j> t h 3 m", "k p h t h n h a m" — noica He BCKptiBaeica : nop, BToptiM — 6es- 
rJiarojiBHaa My3i»iKa; h Teiucejib — nop, nepBiui; Tail Bee TepioiHbi cnein«pHH- 
Hm; Tbi we 6epenn> hx o6tiino no... nepsoro no/jBOAHoro kaubs. 

H iirryrtHpoBaji KHHry asTopa. fl 6bi ee oaarjiaBHJi: "ArjioiiepaTBi". Ilepefl 
Kbbtob, cxpbmaiouteH Taaubi, HsyjuieHHe pa3peinaio h Ten, hto BHHMaTejaHO 
HaHHHaio onHCMBaTb. fl b3bhhhkici>: a Bbmyacflen h HHTaTejiio pan. o6paa 
KBbth. OnHcaHBe — nyTB k o6i>flCHeHnio; b 3Kciio3huhh iieTOAa khhth ciyiny- 
MCfc a, «rro6 He 6&iti> rojiocJiOBHbm; rojiocrcoBHOiiy yTBepwACHHH) He nosepHT 
inTaTejiB, noxoiiy «rro a yTBepat«aio: HenocpeACTBeuHo AaHHtie KOHrjiOMepaTti 
«paHTa3HH — He 4>anTa3HS Aa»e, ho jiejgcannie 3a noporoM cpaHTa3Hn 3JieneHTbi 
(paHTasan; caM0npoH3BOJn>HO ojKHBume h Guoiinie asTopa, npeBpamenHoro 
■ HaROBaju>HH>, — (pHrypnpywT ohh nepea Haifa; KaK cnirraTi. nx pa36opoii 
MHororpaHHeftniero, TOHiafiinero hbjichhh coBpeiieHHOCTH — A-pa ElTeHHepa? 



§ 62. A-p UJT6HHBP H KaHT 

Onepapya c TepuHHOM, He ntrraeTCH <uieHopa3AejtbHO ofpopaiHTb, 
; tto pa3yiieeT nop TepimHOM, — yBaacaeiibra aBTop: eio jiornHecKHn csibicn, 
Imhb aymeBHOe BocnpaflTHe csibicjia? H to ace — co bchkhm TeHeHHeai, BCTpe- 
|,«KBHbm b KHHre: 3Ha<fHM0CTi> scex TenemiH 6epeTca aBTopon — KaK? B apxa- 
:TexTOHBxe jiothkh? B acTeTHHecKOM co3epuaHHH? B cBeTe jib hx KyjiwypHiix 
|s ofimecTBeHHfcix iihcchh? 

MHorocMBicjieHHO Gepyrca Bonpocti, MHorocMBicJieimo CTaBHTca, MHOro- 
[ OMticjieHHO Ha am OTBeiaeT uau yaawaeMtia aBTOp. 

Ill 



Hell y aBTopa HBJiaeTCH KaHT? 3aHHiiaTejiejii TeHAeBUHH xpHTHimaiia? 
TBoceojioroii? KyjiwypTperepoM? jjeTa(pH3HK0M? Hjih ace — remiajibHoio 

JIHHHOCTMO, OnpeflejIHIOmeH BCe: MeTa<pH3HKy, <pHJI0CO<pHK>, KpHTHUH3M 

h Kyjivrypy? 

TaK: e/saa Mil 6epeM nyreBOAHOio hhtmo ruoceojiora Kama, xaK 
HBjiaeTca KaHT-MCTa<pH3HK, «jto6 CMyujaTb nam hokob — cbohm cxoactbom 
c BertairroS; hjih: ncHxojiorHHecKH BocnpjmaTbiH KaHT HBJiaeTCH... — Kaii- 
to-IIjmtobom; orpaHHHHTejiBHan TeH/jenuim KauTHaHCTBa Bflpyr y aBTopa pac- 
umpHercH — aa TaK pacmapseTca, «rro bbitjihaht npocTo "6 e 3 y m h bi m 
o 6 1> k t h e m", npHHHMaioxqiiM Bee nojie3uoe, flo6poe, BCMaoe b caoe 6e3rpairaoe 
jioho 1 . Ho Bee noHJuaHHH KaHTa no6nBBeT "nenoHXTHii fi" KaHT: n e b e u, 
330TepHK, HCTOJiKOBaTejiH KaHTa He noHHjm Kama; hohsji — aBTop; KaiiT 
y aBTopa — 6apg. 

IIoTpyflHTecb Tenept pa3o6pa-n>: stot Kairr, hjih "mbi", oitaHMJunomHH 
Kaatos (ueTaepH3HKa, raoceojiora, BeAaHTHcra h npocro "apHHua"), hjih 
"KaHT", pacneBaeMirS rjiy6nuaiiH (pHJiococpa KaBTa, — stot KaHT, hjih 
"KaHT", hjih "KaHT", KaK xe CABHHeT oh c iiecTa see CKa3aHHoe Ha crpaaHuax 
29, 40, 46, 56, 85, 82, 123 h t. a., rae (pHrypupyeT: KauTo-KpHTHiecKHH mctoa, 
a BOBce He Kamo-juipHwecKHH. 

MuorociiucjieBeH — KaHT. 

JJ-p IDTeHHep — em,e MMorocMticjieiiHeH: AOKTpimep, aejiaror, neflaror, 
HHinneaHeq, oKKyjivrHbin ynrrejn; h — TaK aajiee, aanee. 

MHorocMBicjieHHo y aBTopa Bee, noTOiiy hto Bee — tojiixo hbcthocth; 
npHHuHnHaJi&HocTb OTcyrcTByeT BCioay; He pa3o6pam,i npHHipinbi: TeopHH 
3HBHHH KaHTa, TeopHH 3HaHHH MeTHepa st... «-pa IIlTeHHepa; Meatfly Teu ohh 
— HajtHuo: y KaHTa h fl-pa IIlTeHHepa. YBaacaeMMH aBTop Teopmo aaaHHH 
6epeT HanpOKaT y "m h o r o r ji a b o r o" KaHTa; oh Aoniaiix ot KaHTa; KaHT 
ero npe/raocbiJiKa; "k p a t h h e c k h" y uero He pa3o6paHo, noneiiy oh Tax 

ACHCTByeT. 

Bee naTbCOT TpHflixaTB ceiib HanaflenaH — nanafleiom lacTHOCTefi Heflan- 
Horo BarjiHfla Ha HacTHoCTH HeflaHHoro B3rjLHfla. Orroro-TO B3rjiafl Tyr "r Jia- 
3 e h h e", Benyin.ee x "r ji a 3 y". Me-mep "c r ji a a h ji" BosapenHH aBTopa khhth 
o TeTe h Spoiniopbi o TeTe. 

HeB03M0»Ha KOHCTpyKinifl "b 3 r ji a a a" HaA ue3pa<mii cnJieTeaHeii, noTO- 
My hto "rjia3eiomei rojiocJioBHiiefi" iieoTCTynHO csepjun paaSHpa- 
ew>iH B3rjiH« ysajKaeMbiH aBTop. 

He yAocyatHBiimci. «aTi> CTpyirrypy Hajienaa, 3aKJieHiieHHoro KaK "mo- 
hh3m", yBawaeMtrH aBTop npoTHBHHKa, rAe aaxoieT, KOJu>HeT cbohm "csep- 
jiom": h — 

mohhct, mohhct, mohhct, mohhct, mohhct 

— SeacHT no CTpaHmjaM; 
npocyHerca c kojocoh ycMemeHKOH aa CTpaaHuax 71-fi, 72-fi, 75-fi; Ha ffrpa- 

HHHaX 85-B, 86-H, 95-H 3TOT CaMBIH MOHH3M CpHrypapyeT KaK HBJieHHe BHOJIHe 

yCTaHOBJieHHoe;'Ha BooGpaaceHHOM iiohhthh CTpOHTCH aaKjnoieHHJi: "a e ji o b 
tom, ito"„. "inaie... 6i.iti. h* MOKei", aKKOunaHupyiOT KpuBOTOji- 

112 



icy; h — nmneTCfl MaHHfpecT: ot' nana. "ayaJiHcio s" a , KOTopi»ie "n p e fl - 
noHHTaiOT cnoiuianci aa cbohx ua rbobx, h e a e jr h 6 hi t b 
y II o c H m bi no vapOBoi cniipaji h"; h — flajiee: 3to cjiobo ummn h 
gbbctbt co crpamm: 106-b, 131-h, 142-h; h — 

MOKHCT, 

MOHHCT, 
MOHHCT, 
MOHHCT, 
MOHHCT 

— npoflojiacaeT 6eacaTb 
no CTpaHHqaM. 
CoaflaexcH yBepeHHOCTi.: fl-p nLreHHep "hioiibc t" b Kaxoii-TO Tan CMBicjie 
— h oieab noaopHOM; Meatfly tcm — KOBCTpyxuHH HOBnaiia oTcyTCTByeT: 
y aBTopa; Meatfly TeM — vro pa3yMen. nofl mohhsmom? 9 Meacfly TeM — o mohh3- 
Me b noaopnoM tom cMWCJie, b kbkom ODBHaaeTC* fl-p IHTeaHep 4 , fl-p IHreHHep 
noflpo6HeaionM o6pa30M pasMCHiui, «rro flejia TaKoro noHiaiia c tohkh 
apeuna Teopaa SHaHBH o6ctobt He SjiecTflme. 

Ho KptiJiaToe cjiobo nopxacr: ot nepsoH rjiaBbi flo nocJiefliieS. 



§ 63. "KpMTMqMaM" m 3mmjimm MeTHep 

fl 5epy "ipiimgui". Py6pHKa <pHrypnpyeT b sarjiaBHH khh- 

ni:"Pa36op lai jihaob... b cbh3h c Bonpocaim KprnmiiiiMa".., 

PyxoaoflCTByHCi. npaBHJioM — cpaacaiOTCH paBHi>iM opyacaeM, — a cnepsa 

Majioxy KOHCTpyKUHK) "xpiTiijiaiia" — y aBTopa h y fl-pa UlTeHHepa. 

, l "K pHni)83My" y aBTopa He nocBameHO oTfleJLbHoro oiepica; npHxoflHTCH 

|- o6cjieflOBaTi KHnry, bath ot crpaHHn>i k crpamme: nyTeiuecTBHe fljnniHOBaTo. 

JJ,nn yjlHieHaa B aKpHTHHHOCTH aBTopa kmhm o TeTe: 

Ha — 

— 1) cop ok nflTOB cipaHme: ccbuuca Ha "KpirrHKy" KaHTa*; 

2) COpOK CeflbMOH BOCllloi fleBBTOH, HBTHfleCH- 

toh, nHTtflecHT n e p B O H — BTOpOK TpaKTyeTCH o npH- 

BHBKe C03HaHHK> TeTe KpHTHHeCKOH (pHJIOCOCpHH*; 

3)nHTi.flecHT teiaepioi: yxaaaHM HCKaateHHH KaHTa. 

4) HBTbflecHT mecToi: TpamyeTCH 06 mi<peKDHH TeTe aran- 

KpHTHHH3MOM (nacpHUHpyeT — fl-p EUTefiHep); 
5)nHTBflecaT boci>mob:o nonbrnce flan. npaaouoMHe MexaHH- 

qn3My (npn noMoiHH KaHTa) 7 ; 
6)ineCTi.flecHT c e a i> m o h: flaeTCH nocTaiioBJieirae (bath npoTHB 

KaHTa Hejiban, He SyayMH BejraicaiioM); 
7)ceMi.flecBT b t o p o h: o KpirrHiecKOM flyajBWMe*; 
8) ceMtflecHT ipeiieS: TpaicryeTCH o ecTecTBoaHaHBH 9 ; 

113 



9) soceiib/iecAT nepsoa: "\ 

,n\ » I TPaKTVeTCH O MHOrOOO- 

10 cio leiupBaAqaioi: I r } 

11)cto tp.MatL nepBOH- I P^hmx Bonpocax b 

Biopoi-TpeiLei: [ CMaH , c KP«'««»'- 

12) CTO fleBHHOCTO D1IOH I 

flCBitoi: ' 
Ht. a. 
O KOHCTpyKioiH caiioro noHHTHH "k p h t b n a 3 m" yBaxaexbrn aBTop moji- 



S 64. "KpuTMSACKafi" npo6n«Ma 

IIpiixoABTCJi yace nan 3aKJH0Man, hto npo6jiena "KpaTBHecKoa" 
(pHJioccxpHH coBna^aeT y aBTopa p a 3 6 o p a B033peanB — 

— 1) b qejioM pane CTpaaaa. CTpaBCB.eBAeBTajn.aoii a p o 6 ji e - 
mow"; 

2) c xaHTHaacTBOii; 

3) c a a y k o to o h a y k a x", t. e. c TeBAeB&aea nocTpoeHiu; 

4) C MeTa(pH3HKOH; 

5) co ccpepofi KyjibTypHoro CBMBOJiasita. 
H t. a- 

Kas Ban 6paTb KpaTHinuM? 

K a k H a y K y h a y k? Ho oaa paccifOTpaiia, KaK — 
l)ieopna iBaim; 
2) Hayxoyieaie; 
3)ciciena nayx. 

tTojioxeaae nopoe a ipeiLe Befli. y KaaTa ocnopm: asiop "Hayico- 
yHeaHfl"" flt>HXTe a Koht 1 *; a aojioateaae nepBoe apaBoniepao ocnopHT n Pbk- 
KepT, a ryccepjn. 1 *. 

Kbk ipaHcqeHACHTajiiHyio (pHJiococpB m? Ho Tor«a, — hto 
CTaaeTCH c cbmbojlmmom 16 ? MeTacpasaicy? IlepeTainHTi. b iieTa<pB3BKy 
Kasnca, uext "k p a t a a, a 3 m o m" a Hero nocTaBa-n> 3bbk paBeBcraa — mok- 
ho": ace Moacao, Koaenao, apa oahoh oroBopice: pa3pemeHbe npoGjieiiw TyT 
b aBaaTK>pe; a — tojibko. 

TiqeTHfai ycajiHH pa3o6paTbCH b sara^sax, pa36pocaHBBix aBropoii: 6jiein,eT 
OTCyrcTBaeM BarJiHA, — ottoto jib, hto aBTop, ae nyBCTBya ce6a sejiaKaaoM, 
c noxaajitHOM CKpoiaaocTbio apocTo CTecaaeTca KaaTa a OABOBpeiieHBO caiy- 
iqaeTCB uejiocraoa noAHaaeaaocTbio KaaTy, ae AOBOJitcTByHCB KaaTOM? H o«- 
hok) Horoio Kacaacb MeTOAOJionra jioraxa, to ecro. KaaTo-Koreaa, Apyroio, 
paBHOBecBH pa^a, Tax neflajmpyeT KaaTOM, hto neflajit exiy BSMeaaeT; a ctobt 
nepefl aaaa ae KaaT, a KaHTO-ILiaTOH. 

Ho a TyT, Bcnyraannici. neflajiH, peKOiieBAyeT oh KaaTy — CTara BuecTe 

C BBM IieTa<pB3BKOM. KpBTBHeCKB Be pa3peineHHfcIH BM pOA KaBTOBOB (pajioco- 

4>aa CTaaoBBTca cpeflHHM poAou; KaaT ace CTaaoBHTca "khhto"; to — "k a h - 

114 



I o"-IIJiaTOHOM, to — "KiHTo"-KoreHOH; mm: TyBCTByH, «rro ot KaHTa 
pa3i>e3XCBeTCfl oh h Bnpaso h bjicbo, chobb caaarcH Ha KaHTa h HaHjmaeT 

KOHTJUpOBaTb: — 

— CnpaBa Hajieso h CJieaa Hanpaso — 

— "K o r e h o"-IIjiaTOHO, 
"II Jiaion o"-KoreHO — 

— Hanpaso, Hajieso — 

— acyflHoe, Tpy«- 
Hoe, HyflHoe — 

— "K aato-IIjiaTouo-Korea o" 11 KaKoe-To... — 



§ 65. fl-p UlTSHHep M "KPMTM1AM3M" 

"KpHTHUH3M" 3mhjuui MeTHepa — "oKKyjii.THi.rii" (penosieH; 
aa orcyTCTBHe "k p a t h h. h 3 m a" paccTpejiHHa TOHKaa (pmiococpHfl; b tohkbx 
ace 6ok — "k p ■ t h u, u 3 u a" 3mhjihji MeTHepa hct; oh — yKpuBaeii; 3to 
— napcKoe nnaibe aa aHAepceHOBCKOH CKa3KH 1 '; see eiiy y/raBJiHMTCB; b hcm 
KpacyeTCH aBTop. ' 

nocTapaeiieH oiepTHTt yKpi.iBaeMi.rii sainon. 

yBaacaeifbrii aBTop pa3yueeT, kbk bk^ho, Tenaempiio KaHTa; naienpiecKH 
oh othochtch: x TenaemmH KaHTa h — k KaHTy; "k p h t h u h 3 m" — sro 
KaHT. HejiOBenecTBO Aejorrca aBTopoii Ha uepaBHtie nacTH; Mem»imiHCTBo: 
KyjitTypTperepti, <J>h3hkh h dostw, TOTaBnme KaHTa; 6ojibinHHCTBo: pjmoBbie 
TOBapHuni (J)h3hkob, «-p DlTeHHep a... Maccbi; c KaiiTOM ohh He 3HaKoubi hjih 
KaHra — He hohhjih; KyjibTypTperepii Ha hhx cMOTpirr c yjiiiSKoa; cjiobom, 
HBe aepaBHbie cyMMbi; ep;HHHu>i oahoh — BOSBeiuiHeHBi; flpyroa — o6e3- 
jTHHeabi: CKpioneHbi, acyieHii, CTepTM. 

CXB03I> o6l>eMHCTI>ril TOM 3KCH03HI|HJi "k p H T H H. H 3 M a" npOXOflHT B 

aKXOMnaHeMeHTe Asyx nacpocoa: KaHTO-jiupaHecKOM h imeHHepo-caTHpH- 
tcckom; pacneBaeTCH jrapHHecKan "Kairr" o jrapmce... Kairre. IlaTe-niHec- 
khh toh no aflpecy KaHTHaHCTBa KaaceTCH MHe, npn3Ha-n>cji, HaHBiibm; 
TeMa "KpngiecKix MOflyjumaa" pa3Ae.mieTCJi BceiiH; oco6eimo 
— fl-poM IIlTeHHepoM: — 

— "K a h t fleictBiTejiLHO onpoBepr a o r m a t a - 

HeCKylO (p H JI OCO (|)HK)"*. 

H flajn.ine: — 

— 1) x o t a sjiexeniH leopun laaHii Eixogaau 

A o KaHTa, ho bo b c e fi r ji y 6 h h e ajieiieinti 
3th icKpuTU snepBiie y KaHTa**; 
2) "KpHTHKa"* HaHHHaeT HOByio 3py***; 



• HhH. 8. 

••H«H. 21. 

•**HhH. 22. 



115 



3) n o c ji e K a h t a jk e "k a h t h a im m"" h a a t e o p h - 
eik 3H8HBH nopa6oTBjin 6oJiee Bcex*. 
B naimoM corjiacmi c asToposi tbk roaopHT fl-p nTreHHep. 
H ABJtbme: — 

— "$ h x t e, III e jiji h h r, Terejit He 3a6oTHJinci> 
6oJn>me 06 y ct a h o B Jien h bix... ipanniiax... 

D03BaBIfl... PoKOBOW C y A b 6 O H> 3THX HBICJIH- 

Tejiefi 6bijio, hto obi HCKajiB n 03 h an h S... He 

nojioxiB ochobu ana... accjieflOBaHHn npn- 

poflu caMOio noaaanaBii. IIoaTOMy... 3«a- 

hhh MjbicjiH $nxTe, HI e ji jim h r a... TerejiB cto- 

11 nepefl hbvi JimncHBuui <py h gad eHT a"**. 

B nojmoM corjiacnn c amopoii Tax roBopirr fl-p DIieHHep. Bee-Tama, 

cosBaaafl "xpiiaiecii 11 cjia6ocn> iio3iiuhh Terejui, fl-p DlTeHHep bhaht 

b apxstexToaaxe rerejiumcTBa, fliajieKTimecKOH h hbhbhoh, — KOHCTpyKTHB- 

Hfcie jixbhh, OTBeiajounie npasfle Bemefi; Teiem. — He rHoceojior, ho npas- 

AHBMH XyflOKHHK nOHHTHH: "<D H JIO c o 4> " *"■■• roBopHT «-p DlTeHHep, "hc- 

KyCCTBo"... "IIoflJIHHHMe (p H JIO - CO (pl>l 6 U JI H XyflOHCHHKaMH nOHfl- 

ibi"'". IIpaBO "iiopm" onpaBflaHO fl-posa DlTeHHepoit, ero icopiei 

3BBBII, (pHJIOCO<|>HeH H CHCTeMOH H a y K. 

— l)TeopHefi 3bibii: — 

— "3 a fl a h e h bo3bibii He bbjibct- 
ch noBTopeHHe b <p°P Me hohh- 
iii nero-To... HueioiQerocfl 
b flpyroH mcctc, ho cosnauut 
coBepmeHHO hoboh o 6 ji a c t h, 

AaiOII^eH JIHIUfc COBMCCIBO 

C HyBCTBeHHO fl a H H M M M H - 

pou nojiHyio a eficTBH Te Jit - 

HOCTI."...**** 

— "CjieflyeT... icnpanik.. oiqh6- 
xy:6yATO 6m HenocTa-roHHo aa- 
men hucjii fl ji b nocipoean 
mpa, 6 y a t o 6m k coflepmaamo 
mbicjih c ji e a y e t hto-jih6o n p h - 

BBeCIB (CHJiy JI H, BOJTW JI a), H T O - 

6m Hip ctbji io3io»(ea"" ,M . 

— KyjibTypa HHflHBHflyyMa CTpeiiHTCH cTaii. 
cpeflOTOfaeM Bcex HCH3HeHHhix oxHoine- 



2) <I>HJioco(pHeH: — 



•HmH. 21, 22. 
••HaH. 8,9. 
•••PhF. 7. - 
*"«HhH. 9. 
•••••GEGW. Die Wissenschaft. Das Er&ennen. 

116 



hot. IIpaBAa HaM HeceT flOCTOBepHOCTb, 
jrmnj. Kor«a pa3BHBaeTCH HHAHBHAyaJU.- 
Hoe b Hac. Mm He xothm 6i>rn> npnHyac- 

AeHHBIMK R nOHHMaHEOO, HOTOMy HTO MM 

xothm noEHHan. Korfla (pwiococpM ctb- 
Hyr xynoxHHxaMH hohhthh, Torfla mc 
Hflen 6yflyT HaM — BJiacTH*. 
3)Cicieiioi h a y k: — 

— "CoflepsaHte fleScTBHTejitHO- 
cth — oipa»eaie co^epXkaHHH 
Harnero ayxa... jiimb nyciwe 
(p o p m bi BocnpaHHxaeii a a b h e 
mm"**. 

— "y 6eacfleHae « o ji at h o n p o h h - 
lan Bee H>yn: hx coflepm- 
hhc. coflepataHH e vhcjii, h ohh 

He CTOHT C BOCnpH HTBHMH II 
B KaKOMtHHOM OTHOmeHHB, III 
TOJIBKO B OpOK B BOCnpHHH- 

naeiiMX hmb o6i>eKiax ngn 
ohh Jinini> oco6yio (popiiy no- 

Hllli"'", 

IIpaBO TBopHTb (pHJiococpmo onpaBflaHO 3ifHJDtei< MeraepoM — TpHcra 
HeTBepTofi CTpaHHuea ero khhth o TeTe 11 . IIo«ieMy ace oh yoHBJUieTCH coBMeine- 
inno KpHTHKH rerejiH c npH3HamieM Terejia? Can ace oh sae Teopmi 3HaHHfl fljm 
o6-bHCHeHHH MHOiorpaHHOCTH TeTe flonycKaeT y TeTe coneTaHHe njnopa.mi3Ma, 
flyaJtH3Ma c mohh3mom". 

IIoHeMy ace oh He flonycTHT, hto CABuraKJinafi ice c cbohx m e c t 
A-p ulieiBep ei: — 

1) MOHHCT, 

2) CHHKpeTHCT, 

3) flyajTHCT, 

— a njnopo-flyo-MOHHCT, aBTO- 
poM yTBepacAaeubm hb CTpammax: 69, 190, 264, 266, 296? 

IIoToiiy hto impoBoaapeHHe asTopa khhih o Teie ecTb aepx OAHorpaH- 

HOCTH. 

TaK JLH 3TO, yBHABH mm HBace. 



•PhF. 3— 7. 
** GEGW. Denken und Wahrnehmung. 
•**GEGW. Ibid. 

117 



§ 66. KaHT h mstoa 

Kto iBbicjnrrejiH, pa3pa6oTaBimie iteTOflOJioniio KaHTa? 

IIo MeiHCpy: IIofl-pylllTeHHepy: 

HeoKaBTHaHCTBO b oieHfc nojie3HOM HeoKaH-ru aHitbi fiojiee acex nopaSoTa- 

CTpejUieHHH CHJIHTCH CTBTb H a y K O H JIH B oGjIBCTH TeOpHH 3HBHHH, TO eCTb 

h a y k. HayKH, onpeflejwiomeH "co6on 

Bee a p y r h e u a y k h"; nepenncjuis 
raoaa oTHocHinyiocB jiHTepaTypy 
h xapaKT«pH3Hpya iracaTeJieH, fl-p 
fflreiiHep ocrBBaBJiHBaeTCH Ha mie- 
Hax: KoreHa, nTrafljiepa, PmtKepTa, 
HaTopna, Phjih, JJpnbyen, JIn6iiaHa 
h t. a- 

IlyaxT corjxacna aaTopa c fl-posi nireihiepoM, ctbjio Gtrn., n TyT — ycra- 

HOBJICH. 

Ecjm tbk, — k Meny 3tot nacpoc: aenocTu»BMO-cJienon, a 6 - 
c y p a h m h h opraHHiecKH HecnocoGutifl doctibhti n p o - 
6 n e m y noaautntx — fl-p IIIreHHep? Ctbju. 3tot flemeB: cajioe o6bjq>c amiTe- 
tob, npHJioateHHbix k fl-py nTrentHepy, — 3to Kpmc, a ne KpaTHKa, a... 
noacajiyn flaate h — ...KpBT: ocTpoa Kpirr, pa3yiteeTCH; to ecTb 3to see 

JiaGRpHHTbl H MBBOTaBpOBbI CTOHbl. IlaTeTHHeCKH BOCKJIHH.aTb H nOflHepKHBaTb 

to, <rro npoMHTaHO h ycsoeHO aceMH, TOBopBunuiBi Ha Teiry 06 mbccthoh 
opoDJieiie, — Bepx uauBHoro MoaoflevecTBa h jno6oBaai.e co6oh: sepio h — jm- 
TepaTypy no KaHTy noHHTbiBan asTop. Hjib, nyiiaeT oh, fl-p Hh-eHHep o KaHTe 
He cju>ixHBaji h JurrepaTypy no KaHTy hc HHTbntaji? Heipasyxiiiejiii- 
huh fl-p IHieHHep c JiHTepaTypoH no KaHTy 3naKOM h ee flaace ijeHHT, oTiieiaa 
pa6ori>i ^HJibTeH, oTiieiaH pa6oTbi a <BoJiiKejH.Ta M , a KoreHa* 1 , OTMenaa 
mxojiy KoreHa, kbk Toro CTpeMJieHOH b (pHjiococpmi, KOTopoe sonpeitH ornpai- 
hob HHcraHKHH (Kainy) npopsajio CTecHHRDinae t e o p h w ibihii RaHTHaH- 
CKHe 6epeia. 

IlepBbrit nyHKT pacxoacflemui Meatfly aaTopoii h fl-poM mTeiiuepoM Haiie- 
HaeTca — TyT. 

y> k p a H h e HenpHTHsaTejitHbifi, KOToporo uj a a h t b ne- 
iero, fl-p DlTeHHep b HeKOTopwx uoBOKairrnaHCKHx TeHfleummx bhaht Teii- 
fleHUHH), c ooJtbineio npaBOuepHOCTbio npoBOflHinyw Teopaio 3 ii a h h h, 
HexejiH KaHT, a ysaacaeitbiH aBTop 3fleci> BiieBBo pa3penmjica ot 6pesienH 
aKpHTHHecKOH (ppasoio: "KaHT, cm, no yBepeiiHW BeoiiBTiaE- 
lies... He ctobbhihh Ha HiyiHoi BbicoTe hm ace CDM1H H30D- 
peieHHOio m e t o fl a, b c e xe buidc h 6 o ji b m e, Hen nocjiefl- 

BH '. 

H — y6HJi Hera nanOBaJi. 

• Por. 58. 

118 



C x a 3 a t t: "K a h t... 6 o ji b m e, h e m... ji e t o h" Bee paBao, tto CKa3arb: 
"jiyime MaJieHbKiiH AepeBiuHun A o ji, h e m 6 o ji b m a h k a m e h - 
Hi 6 o ji e 3 h i". JIoTHKa 3toh (ppa3bi paBHa jiornxe aBTopa, Korfla 3tot 
nocjie/jHHH ot SpeiteHH pa3pemaeTca (ppa3ow: "K ait.. 6o jibme, ie«..." 

Bo-BTopbix, h-to nyuaJi, tto MeTOfl, KopeHKCb b no3HaBaBmi, H3o6peTeH 
6bni> He itoateT, a MomeT 6tnb BCKpbn; h — oiimGajiCH: KpHTHHecKHH jie-roa, 
6yflyHH asnejmeai jihhhocth, — b HeyrreHHbrx ABHsenaax mrrejiJieKTa (Be 
■crkoio HHTejuieKTa, a Kbhtobb HHTejuieKTa). 

3HaH BCKpbrrbie Hmotohom Principle", mm He 3Hajm, KoneHHO, hto 
sbkoh TaroTeHHfl flo HbioTOHa o-rcyrcTBOBaJi b impe, — h Tejia, juunuBmHCb 
onopbi, a ao3flyxe noBHcaJiH, He naaafl, bojiotb flo jura OTxpunui, xor/ia 
•cxKoe Tejio, Aocejie BHceBinee b B03flyxe, ynajio us Boa/jyxa, xpojie... Tejia 

HbMTOBa, HOTOliy <tIO Bbime HblOTOHOM OTXpblTOTO THrOTeHHfl C8M HblOTOH. 

Tax h KaHTOBa jihhhocti>: BHe KainoBa MeTOfla, nOBHcaa Hafl iteioppit, 
JlHMHOCTi 3Ta HBJifleTCH y 3mhjihji MeTHepa KaiteHHoio 6ojn>inoio 6ojie3iibio, 
■cnopTHBinen eiiy ero KHHry. 



§ 67. TeopMR 3H8HMfl M fl-p UlTOMHep 

H BHeflpHH KaHTOBy TeOpHK) SHaHHB B arHOCTHHeCKH nOCTH»CHMyK) 

JXHHHOCTb, b ciieacHOH <ppa3e TaHHCTBeHHO yciiexaeTCH aBTop: — 

— "Bonpoc o flyxoBHbix sieJrHHx" hjih leM 6ojiee 06 

"oKKyjIbTHblX CHJiax" CTOHT Hy, KOHeHHO Hte "BHe CpHJlOCCNpHn". 

Majio <ito pasyueioiqiiH, BeceJiaiquH ayiny pacTepHH- 
HOCTbK), HecjiuxaBHHi nyTaHHK (fl-p UTieibiep'.), — He corjiaina- 

■Cb C KorCHOM, HH C BBTOpOJl, HanpaBJIHeTCH BCe-TaKH B CTOpOHy, 6jIHBCe 

aeacainyio x... neTOflOJiorioi jioriiKH, a yBaacaeMtiH aBTop b nyHxxe hx 
pacxostfleHHH norpyataeT Teopmo 3HaHHfl b 6e3rjiaroju.Hbie He«pa, b cneini- 

(pHHeCKOM CMblCJie HBJLHSCb TaHHCTBeHHbIM OKKyjIbTHCTOM Co6cTBeHHOH 

TeopHH 3HamiH, KaHTOBOH TeopHH 3HaunH h Teopua fl-p a IQTeHHepa, 
KOTOpyw cnpflxaji oh, — OKKyjIbTHCTOM ji... HaMeKaraiOHU mhcthkom: 
ysaacaeiibm aBTop oraycxaeT TyjiaHHbrii HaMex o... bo3mo»hocth... HHbix 

XpHTHIIH3MOB: — 

— "M oatHO a priori flonyCTHTbKpH- 
T H u h 3 m hhoto una, Hesejii n ji a - 

TOHOBCKHH HJIH KaUTOBCKHB. 

b h a m e k a x bhahu paajiHHHue 

ipiisaiauu noBcwAy"*. 

OcTaBJuiB Ha coBecTH aBTopa ciieineHHe rno3Hca y IIjibtohb c iio/ijihhho 

xpHTHHecKofi <pHJioco(pHe:a, ocTaBJiHH Ha coBecTH aBTopa Bee noflo6Horo pofla 

c6jma<eHHH "a la ^eicceH h M e m 6 e p ji e h" — c6jiHweHHH flmieTaHTC- 

KHe!' 7 — 3aiieTHM, oflHaKo: BMecTe c KaHTOM, KoreHOM h fl-poM nTrenHepoM, 



* Por. 252. 

119 



c (en He ctoht h c n o p a t i», nojiarajm mm «o cmx nop, hto k p h t h - 

I( H 3 M fcl" BOSMOKHbl OflHOM) npo6jieMOJO B (pHJIOCCHpHH, B MHCTHKe H B HB- 

yxe: npo6jieno4 apaTa>iecKOH <pajioco<pHH. Co3HaeT sto A-p ILlTeihiep: oh 
KJiafleT K p M T M iecacHH aeTOA b ocHOBy Teopmi 3Hamui; y6eAaTejn>HO noBcaseT 
oh, noieMy "ipintccKoi" (pajiocoipaio cboio hb3bbji Kbht". 

AiTop ate? 

AsTop Han pa3VHCHHJi: "EpiiiqiiMu"(?) b HaMeKax (?!) bo3moxhi>i 
(?!?). ByneM acaan "ipumtiKa 11 acex "tpiiiqiiiiioB" a KpnTH- 
»»KpnnecKOH cpaJioMxpaH*. 

A noKa ee bmt — ynacn. acex "BaHetanutix" kphthi|H3mob: pacracica- 
brt» Ha amorae nacTH noaarHe "k p a t h q h 3 m a" y astopa; "k p n t h u a 3 ia" 
at e y ajrropa ecr* — 

1) ayineBHoe cociOHHae; 

2) <J>ajioco<pB* KaHTa; 

3) ncaxojionui ayajiaaiia; 

4) Teopra shbbhh; 

5) nepeaCHBamie raoaaca; 

6) OIlblT XB3HH; 

7) notour, acxeaa; 

8) KaHTOBbi He«pa. 
H — flajiee... 

IlyTeBOflHaH HHTb Co6cTBeHH0H KpHTHHeCKOH (pHJI0C0(|)HH, npespaTHBUIHCb 

b "(pnrypy" a (pHrypaju.HO yKaoKHBiiiHCb, kokctjihbo aciesan no/j uacxoa 
— "orpaEEiBtejiiEoi jihhhh". H ot nymrra HecorJiacHH c aBTopoM 

(KaHT B AOKpHTHHeCKOB 6e3flHe) K DOCTpOeHHlO TeOpHH SHaHHB CJICflyeT 

"yseptjiHBWH a jiyxasua m y a p e i*" — A-p UlTeHHep: Teopaa anaHHH, 
aaaajiaer oh, AOJiwua 6i>m, — 

— "Eayxoio, onpeAejiaiomeH Bee A p y - 
rae Hayxa"**; 

— HayKOK) "o 3aaiesEi bchkoto nejio- 
BeiecKoro 3HaHHa"***; 

— "noaHoaHaHHeamea is Hayx"****; 

— Nepe3 see nojiyiaeu uu pan.- 
iCECEie o 6 OTuomeHHB coAcpxaHia oTflejimtix h a y k 
k napy"*****; 



— aeHHocTt... laaiii AJiH AeacTBH- 



TCJ11.HOCTH nu yiHaev nepe3 Teopaio 3HaBm""""; 



* KpMTjnco-KpBTuiecKM ipBJioco4>aa BeaoaMoataa n» ocaoBaana Tex cautix ao- 
boaob, Ha aaauoc JIacK crpoHT neBosuoatnocTb o6paaoBaHaa nosaTiu "iji o p u a 
— (bopxbi d> o p M n"* 9 . 

•*GNS. II Band, XV. 
•«HmH. 81. 

"**GNS. H-Baud, xxvn. 
•••••H«H. 81. 
HhH. 81. 

120 



— o»a npeoAOJieBaei oauocTopouaim 
aanapasa a oAHOCiopoBBii p ai|nou ajin3u t e m, hto coe- 
AiHiei 06 a Ha Sojiee tucoioi ciyneiiH"'; 

OHa "K pHTH HH a JOBCTHHy""; 

— oHa "a o ji at h a 6uti> BepHa"***; 

— a Caere ee "floniaiHiii aojixch o t x a - 
aaTbCH... ot CBoei">eim 8 ce6e",a cy 6 * e kthb hmh aneajimii 

— or cbocio "a 1 *, tti 111 obi no caocuy iiiiHooTHomenn 
cymecTseaHo onpefle jiaioTca Jinini> b iiMnuieBHi"""; 

— b cseTe ee "b c e aayn jojisho 11 p o n a - 
laiii yfieMflCBBe, ito obi... hi b laioi cbiib He cioii 
c locnpimeii, xpoMe Ton, xoiopai Bign b o6i,exTix 
cbobx Jiimi oco6yio tpopay noHina""'". 

Jlp 6ecxoHeHBOciH fl-p IlTieBHep sapuapyer ary Teuy. 

"Bee noBiiii, coigaHuue paccynxou, — yTBepacaaeT oa, 

— npniBa u aeacTBHe, aKmACHqgi a cySciiBKBi, tcho 
■ Ay ma, aeiciBHTeJiiHOCii, a iacb, — cymeciayioi a. Jin 
pa3Aejieuaa npefljieacamen aeacTBHTejibHOCTa; paiyv ace 
6 e 3 ckcbkbii coTBopeHHoro cone p,w ain, 6 e 3 mcniec- 
loto aaieiHeaii paccyflOHHoa ichocth, — b MHOropasJia- 
*tnu Biqei BHyipeBBeio eflBHCTBa"******. 

B 3toh cojtaeHHOM tiecTe KparaHecxaa paayai Siauam Meraepa ynaaaeT 
OBOhko: b 6e3raarojibHi.ie nponacTH BceB03ao»Hbix uainenTOB; a, BO-BTopux, 

— k Horaii Kairra. 



§ 68. KpwTMKa A*P<> M UItcmhopom no3mjHM KaHTa 

A opraHBHecKa aecsoco6Hua nociaaiTi npo- 
6 ji e 11 y (270), anaflanuiii b npoiiBopeiii Hexaiiiecne 
(272), fl-p DlTeBHep 3flecb crraBBT sonpoc: xax aojuxaa othocbti.ch Teopaa 
saaaaa x TeopeTBKO-no3HaBaTe.nbHOB npo6jiene y Kairra. 

"Hayxa o BOiBiBaan... BOiBaiaaiw flOJiatHa npeflnB- 
eiiii BfleajikHyio qejit"; pojib KaHTa b flOJiaceHCTBOBaaaa 3tom ot- 
MeHeua: "Hayiaoe y 6e jkachb e, bmt exaiouiee caiio B3 ce6s, 
— boi jio3yHr Kbhtobob tpajiocofpaa". 

Teopaa 3aaHaa, npe/mocbijiaa no3H&Hae, He aoaceT aueTb nosaaBaTejibHbix 
npeflnocbuiox; ccjih OHa npeflnocwjioMHa, to Teopaa 3Haaaa — ae oaa, a ee 
IT npeflnocbijiKB. A Teopaa 3HaHax Kairra npeflnocbunca aiieeT 10 . 



•HaH. 82. 
** GEGW. Das Erkennen. Der Grand der Dinge. 
*** GEGW. Das Denken als hohere Erfahrung in der Erfahrung. 
••••HaH. 81. 
••••• (jEG-«7_ j)j e Wissenschaft. Denken und Wahmehmung. 
••••• GNS. H Band, XXXI. 

121 



B ieu ee npeariocMjrKB? 

B KapABHajifcHiix Bonpocax: xax bosmohcho a priori a icaie bo3>io3kho 
no3HaHHe"; nosine no3HaBBHHH Kbhtom 6epeTCja khk aotmbt; Bonpoc "k a k 
boiuoxho" xpHTHHecRH npegBapHeii BOnpOCOM "ito e C T !>"". 

IIoBaTae no3waBawga B-neneT 3a co6ok> "c y 6 t> e k t a", Toraa Kaic noBHiHe 
n03HaBaaBH "c y 6 1, e k t y" npeflmecTByeT; "c y 6 -b e k t" — no3HaBaTe.ni.HbiB 
pe3yjn»TaT. "H e p e 3 b o n p o c Teopeiiixo-noiBaBaiejiBHMi 
KaHT nep enptrrH yji"*. OTBomeHHX iieamy cy6%eKTOM, o6i»eKTOM ycra- 
HOBJieHii KaBTOH 6ea sonpoca o KpaTBHecxoa SHanimocTH". 

BonpOC O B03MOJKBOCTB CHHTCTHMeCKHX a priori CTaBHTCH AOmaTHHeCKH 

Ramon; anpaopaaa saaHBiiocrfc a Tyr — npeAnocbiJixa**; npeanocbiJiOHHOCTb 
3Ta npasBaercH JIhSmbhom, HSepseroai, BaHAejn>6aHA0M h <X>ojn>Keju>Toii. 
BiiecTO Toro tto6 "k p a t a h e c k a" nocraBim. aonpoc b npeflBapHJomesi 
uecTe, craBHT oh cbob Bonpoc 6eaycjioBBO "KpnmiecK a", ho... b aiecie yace 
npeffBapeHHOii: craBBT sonpoc "icaK bo3m0buh»i a priori" BiiecTO "b o a m o a< - 

HM JIB, B eCJIB B031IOXHU, TO KHK"... 

He BHBKaa: b AeTajta TeopHB no3naBaHHH, Tpe6yeji mm: a) noHarae no3Ha- 
bbhhb b aei Be uoaceT 6un> Aorii aTOii, b) a He Hoxer 6mti> b3hto "c y 6 i, e k t - 
a o", "o 6 % e k t h o" hjib "cy6ieKiHO-o6i.eKiH o", c) BOo6in,e He AOJiama 
nojiaraxbca BBKaitaH bo3m6hcbocti>. 

IIpojieroMeHbi 3th Teopaa nosHaBaHHH KaHTa He npaHaaiaeT b pacneT. 

Ochobhob TeopeTHKO-n03uaBaTejibHbifi sonpoc y KaH- 
Ta HOCTBBJieH HeKpHTHHeCKH: H3 AOMiaTHHeCKOH (pHJIOCOIpHH nepeJIOCHTCH 

noHjrnu nosHaBBHHH a cyGieiraa; oraoineHHe cy6ieKTa k oBteKTy aanyraHo; 
o6i>eKT Kbbtoii cyacea, noKp&raaji OAHy nojiosaHy juunb o6i>eKTHBHOH AeficT- 
BHTejiiHOCTH; a KpaTBHecKBB sieTOA, npOBOABMbia b AeTajmx, He npoBeaeH 

B OCHOBHOM; KaHTOBCKHH KpHTHUH3M HOJIOBBHtaT. 

(Moxex 6brrb — CKaaceii mm ot ce6a — reHaajieH oh b CBoeii KpaTHqecKoa 
nojiOBBHe, a asTop p a 3 6 o p a B033peHHH npaB BOCxnisaTbca asi: 06- 
pamaTi xe CBoe BocxmeBie b uananeaiie Ha A-pa HlTeaHepa He 
BueeT oh npaBa: He "KpaTHiecKy io" nojioBHHy Teopaa SHaaaH KaHTa 
pa36apaeT nocrieAHHH, a ee aKpnTHiecKyio.) 

IIoToiiy-TO A-poii UlTeaHepoH oiMeiaeicj: noHHrae peajibuociH Kpa- 
TBHecxa pa3o6paao Kbhtom, a noBJrrae UAeajiLHOcia (JiarypapyeT b ax- 
paTBHecKoa BBfle: AaiwocTb HAeajn.m.ix o6i>eKTOB He pa3o6paHa KaHTOii; 
BAeajiB3M Tyr — Hansen". 

Tax hto KaHT: 1) onposepr ad'ubthih, 2) ho Ha iiecio ero 
HHHero He nociaBHJi. 

TaK roBOpaT A-p IIlTefiHep, pa36apaH Teopaio 3Hauna KaHTa. B 3tom siecTe 
MOJrnrr yBaxaeifbia asTop — KaK no a/ipecy A-pa IHreiiHepa, TaK a no aApecy 
KaHTa (cnopaT c nocjieoBBii — oahh BejimtaHbi). 



• GFTS. H Band, LVm. 

122 



S 69. Taopmi SHiHHfi A-pa UiTSMHepa 

Heo6xoAimocTi> Teopaa saamui nocjie Kama homo lyBCTBOBaJi 
<fau«e; Heo6xoAHMOc-n. ace aiy — Be ocoaHan flo KOHua; onpeAejieHHOcn, 
b ycTaHOBJieHHH "fl" h M He-H" OAHOBpeMemio ecn. aKT onpeACJieHH* y Qtoncte* 6 ; 
ycraHOBJieHHe — He onpeAejieHo; h TeopHH 3HaHna (Daxie ocTaerca Hesasep- 
meHHoa; oh xapaKTepmyeT "c b o 6 o a h o e" "fl", a He "n o 3 h a H) m e e" 
"H"". HcixHHuii o6paa AeBCTBBTejo.HOCTB — He tot nepsMB, acraiomBB 
HenocpeflCTBeHHO nepeA "fl", a nocneAHaa, co3AaBaeMMa "fl" aa nepsoro 
o6paaa; AeBCTBBTejn»HOcn. — BAeajrbHa. HcTBHa — ie„, OTpaaceHae, ho 
0Bo6oAHoe nopoatACHHe pyxa. 

Bee BxoaBin.ee b o6jiacr* noaaaHBJi b uanajie no3HaBaTejn>HMX B3MCKauafl 
AOJDkbo Si.m> OTBeprHyro. BHe ncwHaintH — uaiajio no3HaBHa; nepsMB mar 
bs BHe-Jiexaiqero ecn yate — nosHaBaTejiMibia inai, o6paa Mapa, beii 
HenocpeACTBCHHO AaHBMH, — TaKOB: mm noica 6epen ero, xbk 5eccB«3Ho 
Texynntt HaCTB, eiqe He co3Aais.i npoTHBonojioaceHBa paccyAKa: cyGcraBijpu, 
axiiHAeHUHH, tcjio, Ayma, MaTepaa, flyx, npanaHa a AeacTBaa; a aeT 
npeABxaTos: Heo6xoABMMB, cjiyiaaHMB, oS-beKTasubia a cy6i.eKTBBHi.ia, 
seiqi> B ce6e, npeflcraBJieHae, see npeAHxaw pecpjiexcaa aojijkhm 6mtb 
OTBeprHyTbi; o6pa3 Mapa GepeTCH 3Aec& hhcthm. Bee ynpeita b nepeHeceHaa 
MbicjieHBbix xaTeropaa, xapaKTepa3yioinax iHCTOTy iiohjjtbb "o6p»a" 
■ "hi p", He AOCTBraioT 3accb uejia: ace paccyacAeaaH 06 acraHe, oina6o«moc- 
th, npaBBJEbHocni a aenpaBaJTbHocnt b ycTaHOBJieHaa aenocpeACTBeHao 
AaHHoro o6paaa — nyciM, noTOiiy tto hohhthji He aiieiOT euje no3HasaTejib- 
Hoa ueaBOcra; see ycTaaOBJieHHoe THOceojioroii flo aaajmaa h a H a ji a a K T a 
nojHBBii aaieeT qejiuo oaho: npaaecTH k nyHKTy aanajia noaHaBaa; 
ycTaaoBXa Teopaa noraasaHBH aa o&iexTa a as cyGiexra npeacAtBpeMeHaa, 
noToay *rro b bcb aa o6paaa Mapa ycrpaHHJOTCH onpeAejienaa mmcjib; oh 
— ropaaoHT racroro Ha6juoAeHaa; eine He AOCTKrayru o6jiacxa 3a6jiyacAeuBB 
a bctbh; ohb — BHyrpa no3HaBaHBH. 

Hto6 noHHTK noaaaBaHHe, HyatHo 6paTi> caMoe aanajio noaaauaa: Jiexain.ee 
AO-Haiajiane o&bacHaeT no3HaaaH. Ho a Jieacain.ee "b h y t p h" ae o6ihc- 
Haer hbm tojkc. B bohhthh "HenocpeacTBenHO a a h u o r o" o jieacauceM 
AO Hanajia no3HaHBa ae BtiCKaaaao HHnero; cpopMa noHjrraji 3Aecb Jiaun> 
nepBoe OTHOineHae, b KOTopoe craBOBHTCH noaHaBairae k coAepscaHHio iiapa; 
b coAepacaHBB HenocpeACTBeHHO abhhom 3aKjnoueHo noaa Bee: oin.yin.eHHB, 
BoenpBHTBfl, B03apeBHH, lyacraa, aRTbi bo jib, coh, (pairra3HH, npeflcraBJieHBa, 
noHjnaa, aflea, rajunonaHainoi a hjuuo3bh, coaHaHae a npefleraBJieHHa o "fl" 
eine lacTa aenocpeflCTBeHHo AaHHoro. 

KaX BO3M0HCHO HaiaTb CBMMB aKT n03HaBaHHH? 

riaccBBHO "r ji a 3 e a" Ha Aaimoe, nouaMaTt mm ae iio»eu, no3HasaHae 
6biJio 6 bo3mowho b Tom cjiyiae, ecjm 6 caMaa ccpepa ero nepecexaJia 6m 
AaHHoe; ecjot abbhoto crporo aepataTbca, bmhchh6tch, hto He ace toju.ko 
AaHHoe; nepBOHanaJibHaH AaHBOcn — Tenept orpaHaieHa; oua He ycraHOBBjia 
Teopaa, bo npaaejia Hac K aaiajiy. 

123 



BTopoa nymrr — b nocTyjiaTe: b oSjibctb naaHoro aojihcho 
-HaxoAKTbCB Heiio TaKoe, rfle b Himy AeaTCJIlBOCH BXO- 
A a ji o 6bi c o a e p at a h a e m a p a. IlepBbn mar b aejieHaa, <rro6i»i no3HaHae 
— BaqHBajiocB, hto6bj oho — cociqbjioci>; 3tot mar — kphtbtockhb mar: oh 
nojiaraeT He noruax. 

Tut »e b o6paae iinpa HtgiHioe npocio, a naaHoe — b npoflyKie 
noisaHii? 3io — He xaHecTsa <iyBCTB, ncrroMy hto hx cy6i>eRTHBHyio 
SHaviMOCib y3aaeii Be HenocpeACTBCHHO w»i, a iiayrao b <pH3BKe, b <pH3aojio- 
thh; b axre noaaaHMB b c<pepy aenocpeACTBCUHO AaHHOro BCTynawT — noHBTBH 
a bach. Bee Apyroe aojikho 6uti> AaHO, ecjia iiu xotbm nepewnrri.; bach, 
bobbthh — npoB3BOABM mm cairn, b HHTejijieKTyajBbHOM cosepuaHHB, OTpaqa- 
euojf KaBTOH, OABOBpeiieHHO Aaeica coAepacaHae c (^opuoa; b hhcthx hohbtb- 
bx ■ bachx (popua ecTB coAepacaHHe. 

Mm aflea 6epeu BHe aiumpBHecKBX coAepataaHH; npaHHHHOCw. npeAon- 
peAejiaer npaiHHHOCTH SMnapanecKBe. 

B xoAe 3Toro B3JioaceHBH cjieAyeT roBopa-ri. jiaim. 06 a k t e n o 3 h a h a h; 
aoecb "c y 6 1 e k t" nosHaHBH eme He aojiostea, a nojioateao — "abb b oe"; H3 
OABoro ero nyBKTa BtrraeT nocTyjiaT: nosBaHae aojihcho 6brri» tbkbm-to; oSjibctb 
3Toro nocryjiaTa — bach; h ecjm boshowho no3HaHae, to oho — BAeaju>HO. 

IIocTyjiaT as o6pa3a uapa BbiAejuui ooHy nacn. (bohbtbb b aAea), 
hto6i>i — Smjio no3aaBBe; lacnb Hamea abhhoctb SAecb buboaht b3 AaHHOCTa; 
x "flasHocib" — pasopBaaa; cJieAyiomaa mar — b BoccTaaoBJieaHH 

eAHHCTBB. 

3to eAHHCTBO ecn> no3HaBaTejn.Hi.iB (pain; tojh>ko b HaiaJie Teopaa 3hbhbb 
npoB3BOABiibiB b aKTe no3BaBBfl sjiejieHT (HAeajn,Hi.rn) HBJiaeTCH He npasHe- 
ceHBbiM, a ABHHbui: 3Aect BAea — kbk abhhocti.. 

MbnnJieHae b MOiieHTe no3aaHBB npoasBOABT csoe coAepacaHHe; onacaHae 
MbunJieaBH ecn> aayxa o MinnJieHaa; 3to — Jionuca; Jioraxa — - ae «oKa3yeT; 
AOKasaxcjibCTBO B03HBxaeT jebhh. b CBHre3e iq.icjibmoto c coAepwaaaeM impa; 
b jiorBKe — Teopaa sunapa-nia; oaa — o6i>eKT Ha6jnoAeHBB; k AaHHOMy 
coAepsaHBio mpa MinmieHae npacTynae-r, xax cpopMapyioinaa npaHuan; 

BUAejIBMTCH OTAeJLbHOCTB MblCJIB B COOTHOCHTCH COo6pa3HO HpOBSBeAeUHblM 

■11 (popiiaM; Tax co3AaeTca a oTHOiaeHae ateatAy AByMH nacTHMB coAepataaBB 
Hapa; MunuieHae BbiatHAaeT pe3yjn.Taxa Taxoa ycTaHOBxa. 

B"cHHTeTBMecKOM cfliHCTBe annepiienijiiii" KaHTa 3 ' — no- 
Ao6xe xapaKTepa3yejiOB AearejitHOCTa; KaHT Aynaji — B3 npasajia caaTesa 
BbiBOABMO a HBcroe ecTecTBOSBaaae a priori; chhtcs ate Bbi3biBaeT — ycjioBax 
HaxoacAeHBfl saxoaa npapoAti; caii 3bkoh coAepacaTeJieH; H3 caHTeTHHecKoa 
AexTeJibHOCTH He BbrreMer ooiexTHBHOCTb 3axoHa; tojo>ko Tax aau bo3mobcho 
CKa3aTb b CMbicjxe KaHTa: noAHHHeHHe 3axoaaM a priori ecn. ycjiosae 
B03MOXHOCTH onirra; 3Aecb BCe sema craHOBHTCB oGieKTaiia om>rra, a cy6rbexT 
AaeT npeAHBcaHBa o6i>eKTBBHOi(y, Bbiceicaa no3aaaBB as o&bexTa, mmuieaBe 
a priori ae BbicKa3MBaeT, a nojiaraeT b ocHoay Te (popif&i, nocpeACTBOii 
xoToptrx a posteriori 39 bbibbjich Haii 3axoa; AOCTOsepHOCTH a priori 

MOJT4BT. ' 

124 



IOuobckbb BarJiflA Ha aaKOH 40 ' h MnjuieBCKim B3inan hh 3bkoh*' He cocto- 
KTtmabi h cocroHTejieH HanoJiosHay b3tjioa KaHTa. 

Ecjra 6m iiejiocTHOCTt 3aKjuo<iaJiacb b HenocpeacTBeHHO a*hhoh, ee 06- 
pa6oTKa nosBamieM ae 6wjia 6bi nyatHa, Jieatainee b aobhom ao mucjih — He 
uejiocTHOcn,. 

Cjieayer noiiHHTb, «rro A*HHOcrb He cbohctbo, a BbipaaceHne una orHOine- 
hhh abhhoto x ApyroMy (paicropy axra no3Hasaui: jiomnecKOH coAepscaTeju,- 
hocth. CoAcpataioie ^aHHoio b ame noaHaHiu Mbicjib HaxoABT CBH3aHHbat 
c aaHHbm; arr nosHamu coeAHHaeT AauHue e»iy pa3Ae.nu.Hbie naCTH o6pa3a 
impa. B HenocpefldBeHHOH <popne o6pa3 lupa He dojioh; noaHaHHe ejfy aaeT 
nojiHOTy. 

Ecju 6w coAepacainfe MHpa 6biJio caaaaHO c coAepacaHHeii MbiCJiH b uanajie 
no3HaHHH, no3HaHHH ae 6buio 6m. Ecjih 6m iibicjib noposKAajia coAepacamie 
impa — Toxe HoaHaHHH He 6buio 6. "ToatKo no6biTbiii nepea no- 
anaHHe o6pa3 coAepataEii mpa, b Eoiopov cocauhchu 
o6e... CTopoHM, Hoatei 6uti> Hasaas »eBciB»iejiiHocino"*. 

Tbkobo BbiBeAeime A-poii UlTeHHepoii o6iohx TeopeTHKO-no3HaBaTejibHbix 
Hopx. 



S 70. A-P UlTeMHep m "onwT" 

CneAyeT BttpaTije ocTaHOBHTbCJi Ha OTHomeuiia a-pa IQTeHHepa 
k onbrry. 

Jlfle oGjiacTH npoTHBonocTaBJieHbi: uticrni h Beupi; sema AaiOTC* nan 
B onure. 

Hto ecn. om.rr? 

Ontrr ecTb HyBCTBeHHO npeACrasinHH Hail MaTepaaji, OTHOCHMbrii uaiui 
k AeScTBHTejiBHOCTH; mm HMeeii noTpeGHocTt paccyAKOM ero ynopHAOHHTB. Ho 
TaKoa onbn — He hhctmh; oh hokohtch Ha HajmHHOcni pa3ABoeiuia iie»Ay 
Mbicjibio h npeAMeTaHH ontrra. 

HHCTtrS oni.IT — 3to (popiia AeHCTBHTeju.HOCTn; oHa npeAJieacHT Hamen 
mbicjih bo Been csoea HenocpeACTBeHHOCTH (b Kpacnax, b TOHax, a He b MOJieKy- 
Jiax h ApyrHX npHKbnnjieHHfcix ijohhthhx); ho h b mbicjlh BcrpenaeT nac to we: 
Mti BHHKaeii a npapoAy ee; h OHa nepeA Bauii — npnpooa; h OHa om»rroM 
npoTHBonocTasjieHa Hani. 3ia ipopua npoTHBOnocTaBJieHHH npHJioscmia ko 

BCHKOB npeOXeTHOCTH 3HaHHH; Mbl He UOXeil nOAHHTbCH HBA 3TOH) 4>°P MOH - 

CpeAH ontiTOB npeACTaerr hbm ontrrou m>icjn>. 

Hto coAepxHT B ce6e npirpofla hhctoto om,i-ra? ArperaT nojioweHufi, 
nocjieAOBaTeju>HOCTeH, MHoacecTBO paBH03Ha«rm.ix Beiqen, He npopa6oTaHHbix 
unpoM noHHTHH, MHOioo6pa3He KanecTs; apxHTeKTomnca o6pa3a mpa noTon- 
jiena b hhx. Hto aojixhm Ha3biBaii> iHCTbtM ontrroji Mbi, b pe3KHX KOirrypax 
HOKa3aji HoraHH <DojibKejibT b AByx cbohx KHHrax: "Kants 

•HhH. 64. 

125 



Er kenntnistheorie" h "Erfahrung und Denken"". <DoJXbKejn»Ty 
yflajioca. noK83aTb xapraHy 6eccBJi3HOCTeH, npeflHOCHin,HxcH b hhctom onme 
caMOC03HaHHK> Hameiiy. Toace Ban npeflCTaeT b Haiajie HayHHoro onwrra: sibi 
ctoboi nepefl xaocou xaiecTB; B3aHMOOTHOineuHe ex npHBHOcmcH mi.icjii.k); 
npHHHHHOCTH eme Hex; hcjimh roBopirri. eme o cbh3h co3HaTeju>BOH flesreju.- 
hoctb c MexaHHKofi iiosra; mm auaeu jmim. napajijiejii.ui.ra 6er aejnejn>HocTeB; 
no Paxapfly Bajie b napajuiejitHOM stom npo6ere — nocJieflHoa aayHHafl 
npaBfla; bo mo — HCXOflHaa npasfla 43 ; He tojibko uexauaKa mo3ib 6eccBH3BO 
Teier napajuiejn»HO co3HaHHK>, ho a caMoco3Haioin,ee "fl" npoTHBonocTasjieHO 

6eCCBB3HOCTHU 3THM 6eCCBS3BO. 

He OTpanaji 0m.rrm.1x flocTaKeana b oSjmictb (pHsaojioraa, d>H3aojioraHec- 
koh ncnxojiOTHH ■ t. «., ubi npoTecryeai npoTHB cpasaojionraecKoro noBmiaBHS 
BayRH o 3BaHBH; cpB3HOJiorBHecKan npaBfla o tom, hto KoitajieKC B033peaHa 
a BoenpHHTHH, aaaMBaeiifcrii ontrroM, BOCCTaeT as coynacTHH Hainero opraaa3- 
Ma, to ecu. bocht din3HOJioriniecKa-cy6i.eKTHBHi.rii xapaicrep, — 3ra npaBfla 
ecn. yxe onpeflejieHHe mmcjih, He Hsieio mee OTHomeHHH k boajihbhoh 
npapoge BCTynjieHHH hhctoio ontrra b nojie Hainero "H". OnpeflejieHHe 3to 
npeflBapaeiio B3yHeaaeif OTBomeHaa Meatfly mucjiiw h oii&itom; cjieflyeT 
noMHHTi., hto b KapTHHe HHCToro ontrra Tax ace 6eccBB3BO jieacaT cam»ia 
nosHaionnxH cy6teKT; npmiaraa ace k Mapy ontrra npeflHKax cyGieKTBBHOCTB, 
iu yate k aeiiy npajiaraen roTOBoe onpeflejieHHe mbicjih; BCJiefl 3a floriioio 
d)H3HOJiorHH 3fleci. BnaflaeT B onni6Ky h <X>ojibKejri.T, npoxaBopena CBoeiiy 
OTnpaBHOMy nymrry: oh BJiaraeT b noBarae onbrxa neiTo, He npHHaflJieacain.ee 
ontrry, 5e3 KpaTHiecKoro paccnoTpeHHH caiioro axxa BJioaceaaa; mi»i flOJiatHbi 
ocoGeHBO nofliepKHyn. stot cpaKT, noTOMy hto Tpyflti no xeopaa 3HaHHH 
(fiojiBxejiBTa 6jih3kh bo MBOTOM ocHOBonojioaceHHHM TeopHH 3HaiiHH reie**. 

OnpeflejieHHe onbrra, kbk He aaieioinero OTiioineuHH K ifbicjra, npefloxpaaa- 
eT HanajiBHoe pacciioTpeHae onuia ot BceBO3M0atBbix oum6oK. Moater 6bm>, 
onpeflejieHHe hbctoto onuia, KaK 6eccBH3Horo arperaTa, Be cbo6oaho ot npefl- 
noctuioK? CjieayeT otmcthti. a 3fleci>: noHHTajuia "iiHorooSpaaa e", "a r - 
perai" hbi aaHero He BJiaraeM; mi>i yKasyeii jiaun. 11a oGuryio cpopiiy Aaaaoa 
aaii BHflHMOCTH: cjiosa "iiHoroo6pa3H e", "arpera t" aiieiOT oGpasHbnx, 
bo onpefleJiaTejn.Hbrij cmwcji. 

TaKOBbi npojieroMeHbi fl-pa UlTeaBepa k nocrpoeHHio CHCTetibi 0m.rrm.1x 
flHcnanjniH. Bee cpaJiococpCRae a aayHawe saKjaoHeaaH fl-pa EQTenHepa cjiefly- 
eT paccnaTpHBaTb KpaTaay Ha cpoae H3Jio»ceBBbix npojieroueHOB: auane HeBoa- 
Moacno BOHflTb caiioe oTaomeHae fl-pa DlTeaHepa k MBoroo6pa3aio KomtpeT- 
HOCTea. Abtop "p a 3 6 o p a B033peaBa" npoJieroiieHiiK B033peBBJu< 
9TBM o6xoflHT MOJiHaHaeai; MOJinaHHe HapymaeT — Bonpocoii: "M o at e t 
6mti>, DlTeaHep He npmaaeT rHoceo jiothb". B Bonpoce... flaace 
He CMejiocTb, a H3fleBaTejn.CTB0, noTOMy hto — 

— sa cnHHOa "r h o c e o a o r a"- 
IHTeaHepa paaflaiOTCH ycMemeHKa — a npjiuo iHiaTejuo b yxo — o nontrrKe 
oSocHOBaTb rBOceojioraio... Ha "o k k y jibth bix ciuiax". Co3flaeTca npe- 

126 



CKBepnaa cnJiemH: o pojm Tex "c ta ji" b 3KCno3nu,HH TeopeTHKO-nosHaBaTejit- 
Hiix B3rjiaflOB. — 3tbm MeBflexcH h 3arJiaBne KHara "P a 3 6 o p b 3 r ji a a o b... 
b CBH3H c BonpocaHH KpHTHi|H3Ma n B imoe 3arJiaane: "P as 6 op 
okk y JitTHH e ckhx c h ji r b o c e o ji o r h b III t eaii ep a... npocae- 

1KCBHUI CTOpOHHHKOM KpiIIHCCIOB (pHJIOCOfpB h". TaKoe 3a- 

rJiaBHe xbbih e/jaHCTBCHBO npaBHJn.Ho: cahhctbchbo noKpbiBaR caoe coaepaca- 
HHe, TaKoe 3arjiaBae KHHra npeBpamaeT b BbrxoaKy KHary. Corjiacmecb, 
<XHTaTeJn>: HaneiaTati. Ha Kapio<oce "K yjn,TypTperep"n, noaaBaH Bait, Ha 
Hen Bnonbixax KapaHAamoii npanacaTi.: "a ne KaKon-HB6y«b ncHxojior-rpaipo- 
jior-xHpoMaHTHKyc"... 

H — onnapKHyTbCK KaRTy... 



§ 71. rHoceonoritfi, normta, MSTatt»t3Mica, mhctmkb 

OnpeflejieKHe Jiormui, rHoceojiormt, MeTa(pH3HKH, mbctbkb: — 

— "P a 3 m w in ji h t i> o 3 a k o h a it si bi in ji e h a a" — sto, no 
aBTopy, jiormca. 

— "...C 3 epu aTi co6bithji no3BaBaini" — sto, no 
asTopy, nioceojiorHH. 

— "CosepnaTejiBHo uucjihti o n e ji o m" — jbot, no 
aBTopy, neTa4>B3HKa. 

— "Co3epiiaTi. BMCioee fl b ce6e b pa3iibimjiJiTi> 
o csMocoiepaaeiioii Bayipg ce6a" — no aBTopy, imcTHKa. 

— "B c e a t o — pa3JiBHHue npoqeccbi, Boy niTeibaepa 
o aix... rosopHTCH promiscue*"** — xaK BbixoflBT no aBTopy. 

OnpeflejieHae jioiikk; — 

IIoaBTOpy: — IIo A-py IHTeBBepy: — 

"Pa3Mi.im JiHTb o 3aRouax "OmciBie iiuojieBix... 

u bim jteBBfl" — sto 3HaiHT: iibi- ecu. nayxca o vLimjieuim..." 

c jihtb o mbicjih; o6jiacn. MbicjrH "JI o r h k a biioiai ae 6tuia... 

o Mbicjm — o6jiaCTb Teopaa 3HaHHH; ae h e m huuii, k a k o n b c a h b - 

jiorBKa — b onacaBbe sakohob; raoce- e h <p o p m" ** . 

OJIOTHH B yCTBHOBKe; a B T o p O H 

( cnyTaHbi:iBoceojiorixH c jio- 

rHKOH. 



•PoI\ 81. 
'• HhH. 18. 



127 



Onpeae Jieime 

IIo a b t o p y: — 
"coaepiiaTi. coGutbii no- 
IHaitHIl h p a 3 M ii in JI ji T k 
o ero r p a a h u a x": Tax nocrynajm 

MOBaXH B 6yAAHBCKBX MOBaCTM- 

p*x; a nycTUBBoacBTejin Hbabb 
— a Apeny>iHX Jiecax; o rpaaauax 
noaHauHH 6ojiee acero pa3Mbimjujia 
naipaciiK a* 4 ; hoa THOceojioraeB 
aBTopon pa3yneeTCH: cueti lie- 
Aiiaqii c... aiEOCiiqis- 



rEoceojiotii: — 

IIo A-py niTeiiBepy: — 
"fl o ji at h a 6 bi t b h a y h 11 bi m a c - 
cjieAOiaHHeu toto, hto 
npeAnocujianT ace «pyme 
layxi 6ea bcbkoto accjie- 
AOiaBia: b lueuuo: cauoro 
noiaaiaui a", a Be MeABTauBen, 
KOTopaa, no fl-py fflTeibiepy, ua<uiua- 
eTCH c ynpaacHeHBH b "c o 3 e p n a - 
bbb c o 6 bi t h a no3uaBaun a". 



Onpe a e jieHH e 

Ho aBTopy: — 
"coiepmiejitHO iiucjihti. 
o ueJioM"; k 3T0Hy b crpeiunca cbo- 
6oABaa (pHJioctxpHH, kbk Hccjieflya 
"q>vmq", Tan b "|l£ra<pval(;"* , ; MeTa- 
<pH3HKa b coapeMeHHOCTH onpeaeJiHua 
TOHHee, KaK yieHae o TpaHcneBAea-r- 
bob peajiBHOCTH; "cosepqaiejik- 
bo umcjihtl o n. e ji o m" BOBCe Be 
BpeononaraeT "Tpaaciieaayc a"*°; 
onpeaejienHe iieia^UHii 

HaCKBOSb np OH3BO JlbU O. 



MeTaij)B3Hxg: — 

Ho A-py niTeiBepy: — 
MeTa<pB3RKa ecn. RjieHHO 

"nexcwpvaiq"; oaa npeanojiaraeT 
TpaHciieH3yc b CBH3aHHoe c nocjieA- 
hbm menjieHHe HBpa Ha "o n bi t" 
b Ha "realia"**; realia — npnicbi- 
injunoTOH b npoB3BOJH>Hbix a6cTpaK- 
inux, nopoataaa jorvaiiiHec- 
kbb peajiB3M, ocyatAaeMUB A-poM 
UTieBBepoii; MeTa<pB3BKa b reTescKOM 
ciubicjie", t. e. 3HaHHe o b c e o 6 - 
m e m b HBjieHBB, ecTb, cKopefi, no 
A-py UTieBHepy, cbmbojib31i. 



Onp e a e ji eim e hbctbkb: — 

IIoaaTopy: — IIo fl-py DIieBHepy: — 

MacTBRa 4 )Hr yP H Py eT B coneTaHHH, J^-poif UTieBHepoM o mbctskc Haira- 
KyAa bxoaht: xeocotpaa, AyxoBHoe caHa Kaara*. 
3HaHBe, niocTBKa, Bora; npome 6bi 
HBCTBKy onpeflejiHTB, Kax "nepe- 
■ naaie ce6a b Bore". He- 
n ocp eflCTB eunocT b b mbc- 
ine nponanaei b onpeae- 

JieHBB BBTOpa. 



"Die Mystik". Berlin, 1901 (pyc. nep.s— Mocuia, 1917). 

128 



K pa3BH3Hofi HOTaipiH aBTopa hbh KOMMeinapHH — Ha CTpaHHue 434; 
KOHueHTapHH ijihcht: "M oiei 6 bi t b , fflieiHep He np«3Haei tho- 
ceojioni...; a to aonycTHiio, ho tot a a Heo6xoAHiio peina- 
TejibHO itmti 06 3iom. B M apoB 03 3 pe h h h reie 06 3iom 
Hiir/«e He roiopuci'", — He roBopnTca jiaitn, noToiiy, hto see yace 
CKasaao: "M npoB033peHHK> reie" npeflnocJiaHa uejiaa Kiuira: "0 c h o b - 

Hbie JIIE1I TeOpHH 3BSHIB B MHpOC03epUaiIHH TcTt". ABTOp 
He yAocjTKHJicH npoHmaTb 3toh khhth, hh ee KOUXpeTHOrO npOBefleHHH B KOM- 
MeBTapiiHX k TeTe. J\-p HheirHep 3Aecb hh npn nesi. Moxho, kohchho, aaHaaJiou 
BopsaTbca b Mnpoco3epuaHbe jnoSoro Mbicjorrejia h coKpyiaaTb tohkhc apa6ec- 
rh CBCTeMbi, kbk xpymarii iiy3eHHbtH <pap<pop; bhuobbt He <|>ap(pop; MiuoBaT 
BopBaBimiHCH BaHAaji; b HeacHOH xpynKOCTH — npejiecTi (paptpopa; ho b tohkoh 
rpaffaiTBn (|>ap<popoBbix jihhhh BHAexb KpeiiHeByio rjn»i6y — yaeji BaHAaJiH3iia: 
6htb TonopoM no <pap(popy — He ihiiii 6bm> Kpimncoii. 

f 72. fl-p U1t*Ah«p m m«toa 

IlyHKT fleTajtbHoro pa.3i>acutuua no noBOAy KaHTa aBxopou pa3- 
6opa B033peHHH nporJioieH; oh ero oOMOJiHaji; a Ha fl-pa UlTemiepa oh... 
Baxpiiaji; b nyHKTe KaHTa rocnoACTByei: xpmc h apicaji acecTHKyjiflmui 
pasApaaceHHH; "ji a ji o iio p a 3 y m e H) in h h" ""k a ii t o (p o 6" fl-p ILTreHHep 
Ae: H3BpainaeT Kairta Ha xawAon crpaHHue, He noHHMaeT ero oprasupiecKH, apo 
npoTHsacb, ero HeBasHAin; poei nponacra xeatAy TeTe a hh. 
TeTe He muchhm 6e3 Kania"**. 

"KlHI BejIHKHH MbIC JIHTe Jib". 

"KaHT onposepr AoiHaiKav". 
"Teopna aiaHii He cymeciayei no KaHTa". 
"K a h t — TBopeu. ipin^ecxoi cpHJioco<pn h". 
"K a h t iBaaeByei co6oh> 6 o ji b in o h mar b n e p e a b (p h ji o - 
c o (p h h". 

"3BaiIHOCIb HeJIOBCieCKOi MHCJIB B03BOAHTCH K a h - 

TOMBHayHHoey6e»AeHHe". 

Tax, OT3biBaacb o Kairre, "k a h t o <p o 6" A-p ntreHHep A&Jiee BbiABHraeT 
paflbi orpaHmHTejibHbix TpeooBamni no OTHOineimio k HayHHbni iieTOAaii; 
HanpHMep, no oraoineHHio k — 

— vaieiiaiiKe, 

— iiexaHHUH3iiy, 

<pH3HKH3My, 

X H M H 3 If y , 

(|lH3HOJIOrH3Hy — 

— oh yTBepxAaeT, «rro — 

— "m e t o a He iioxei 
6 M t b c a m o u e ji b io; ueimocTb ero b yacBesKi BiaiiiooiBO- 

UieHIIfl HB JieHHfi"***. 



•PoI\ 434. 
••GNS. m Band, XX. 
••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 389. 

I Aanpei Beaut. PyAOjn.<j> QlTeHHep 129 



— "MHoropaajiaiae 
Kopemrrca a UBoropaaxMvm MBpa paccy/jxa. Tyi ocseiqaeTCx nan h pa&naiae 
b paaBwim naynHtix uenoaoa"*. 

— "Ycnex HaynHiix 
HCCJieAoaaiisi oieai. cymecTBCHno 3ajuiciri or Toro, b coctohhbb jdi mm 
npaaHJUkHO nocraavrfc npo6jieny"**. 

— "r^e BMeioinee... 
saaHeaae una ooHoro tojibko po/ta o6i»eKTOB o&tHCuaeTca ynaBepcaJu>ui>iM, 
Tan... BoccTaeT 3a6jiyataejuie"***. 

— "OcraBjwifc npefl- 
utrihi fleftcTBHTejifcHocTH b npouecce BxoatneHaa bx b nepBoaaHajn.HOii ox bbac 
a Tanura ax 6pavb, xax ofeexxu sayxa... 3ro npaHinm HeroAHiecKHB; 
o coAepacaaaa onbrra 3tot Hpaaaan mojihht"****. 

— "Hjhst penk He o 
(peHOMCBax, a o cnocoSe... He o (paxnnecxoii cyiuie, a o sie-rofle OTHoineHHH 
x (paxTaM""***. 

— "OrpanHHeHO... 
npa3HaHae nmoTe3 y Tere. Oh 3a ana .nana. npn3uasaJi MeToaanecKBa 
cmwcjx"******. 

— "Mapaon... Bna- 
Ater b omxoKy MaTeMaxxYecxax (pasaxos: ...oh cvrraeT... oopaaou... cyupaoc- 
th... jihhjuo b npocTpaHCTBe"** *•***. 

— "IIocMOTpeB na 
acuta BSopoM MeiOAOJioraa Jioraxa, Heneiiy yAHBJUTbCfl, hto hs mhothx nonw- 
tok nocTpoeHaa lapocosepuamiH... Hmero... ne BbKOAHT"********. H t. a. 

^OBOJIbHO. 

J\-p Utreibiep Bapbapyei ary Tewy... TpaauaTBJieTHe cxopo: c 86 roaa 
■CTexmero Bexa flo... 14 roaa reKyajfito". Tpafluan, jict noBTopaer oh to ace 
TeopeTHHecKH ■ (paKmnecKB (na npauepax, Ha TexcTax, aa HacniocTHx); ho 
nepo "b c e - n o c t b r m e r o" xpaTaxa OTUutupHyjio Teopaio saaHaa a orpoii- 
HeJumdH, yreHeibnBa annapaT; a — TpaffuaTBJieTae Bay<mofl pa6oTi>i ynpex- 
ayjio b tom aiieHHO, hto stoio paooToio nojiarajiocb, noToay <ito — 

— "n y t a - 
bii", "a6cojiwiiici" fl-p fflTeaaep — orpaHB^euaa He sedan: a eiiy 
b HasaAaaae asrop BSMsaeT x... orpaHaronejibHOB jibhbb. H ne^eicx — o Me- 
xaHBUHSMe. 



•GNS. II Band, XXXI. 
••HbH. 19. 
*** GEGW. Vorfragen. Ausgangspunkte. 
**•* GEGW. Dm Denken als hoheie Erfahrung in der Erfahrung. 

GNS. m Band, 280. 

••••♦GNS.III Band, 333. 

••••* GNS. IV Band, E. A. 316. 

***** XXXni Kypc: "Der menschtiche und der kosmische Gedanke" 

130 



§ 73. MaxaHMMHSM, narsMaTHKa m fl-p UlTSHHep 

"MexiHiquii" A-p IIlTeHHep, KaK hbtoa, He yiiajiHeT hb- 
UtojibKo; yiiaJiaeT — ipe3Mepm>ie npeTeHSHH iieTo^a — npoBosrjiacBTi ce6a 
mra(pB3HROB: b ctobi cymHOCTh ero B03paaceHBH OcTBajibfly; yjiajiaeT mibie 
npeTea3Hn <|>b3bkob ycTaHOBHTb MCTOftHKy iiexaHHHecKBX npHBminoB; Hanpa- 
nep, B03pawaeT Kupxroipy: "K o r a a K b p x r o <p roBopm, <(to"3bai- 
<■■ aexiBin — coBepineuuo a npocxo on b ci>ib a ti>... a>i- 
mtUhM b npupoflt" — omi6aeici oh. MexaHHKa... Hin.eT... 
ieo6xoAinux npoiieccoB abischxi b BoaBeqaei hx... 

HIE... OCHOBHHC 3 aKO Hbl... IIp B BO flBTb... OT p bIB OK K B p X T O <p a 

CHoaa n CBOBi, tax hto-jih6o oco6eHHO auanautee — aepx 
jierxoaucjiii*. 

"C BBeAemeu dobiiii chjim iiaieiaiiKa Bxopi b m e - 
xaHBKy"**; npoTBB iiexaHnxa MaTeiiaTBHecKofi He onojraaeTCfl fl-p UlTea- 
Hep: b 3tom cjiyiae "n e p e h o c" MaTeiiaTHKH npaBoaiepeH". IIpoTecTyeT oh 
jmnn> Torfla, Korna MeTOflBiecKafi nepeHoc aiexamiKH b <pB3BKy npeBpainaeTca 

■ eftBHCTBeHHO o6i>exTBBHoe npaBBJio: "Ciaian o6i>eEiiiBHuii npo- 
teccoii jihidi» npoiiecc... HexaBi^ecKii — omifiia Hainero 

■ peiieHB""*. 

ti Abtop newrcH 06 BfleajibHoerB MaTeMaTBHecKHX SHaHaa, — b corjiacaa 
C fl-poM UlTeBBepoH, noTOMy «rro stot nocjieflHBB yTBepamaeT, <ro c o6pa3oaa- 
HHeM noHHTBH "t p e y r o ji b h a k" — "mm nepexoanii rpaHi iyBCT- 
ttEHbix BocnpBHTHB"****. Hbctotb HaTeMaTHKH yTBepHCflaeTCH fl-poii 

'IUTeBHepOM MHOr0o6pa3HO B HaCTO. "H eB03MOWHO flOKaSblBaTb 

OnbiTOu npaBBJio aaieiiaTHKB"*"". 

H T. fl. 

' Abtop p a 3 6 o p a Boaspeaiii sonpeKB oneBBflHOCTH onoBemaeT HBTa- 
%6jih: ySeatfleHae b 3nnipiiecKoii npoHcxoxfleaiB m a t e m a - 
|iii... 3io <cyflOBBmHoe y 6e at fle hb e, k ot op o e IIlTeBHep He- 
bflHOKpaTHo BucKaausaei... o6i>jciiaeT... H t. a. — Hto ofitHCHH- 
? ITojiHoe HeBeaceciBO aBTopa b otHoineHBB k pa36Hpaein>iii B3rjiHflaii? 
HeBeaecTBo, hjib... mm — ,, h3bct'": ho mm Ayaiaeii, hto — HeBeacecTBo; 
jt noHBuaaBio cymBOCTB ycraHOBKa 3 a k o h a B3bisaeT cyacfleuae fl-pa IlTrea- 
:epa o MaTeaiaTflHecKBx acTaiiax; asropoii He ycBoen a6sau "n o 3 11 a h a e 

5 fl eBCTBBTejIbHOCT l", OTTOTO-TO OH HyTaeT. 

JJ-poai UlTeHHepoii yTBepatflaexcH, hto — 

— "MaieiiaTBXa... uayaa 
lopuajibua h"******. 



• GNS. IV Band, E. A. VII. 
*• GNS. IV Band, E. A. IV. 
"•GNS. m Band, 94. 
••••GEGW. Das Denken, 35. 

GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 335. 

••••••GNS. m Band, 336. 



131 



— 'TeTe xopoino n p h - 
iBiaia... 4>opxajiit3M Mare jiaTHKa"*. 

— "M aicuaTuia 11 a - 
ckbos* meajiiHa"". 

— "H AeajibHbin x a - 
piEiep yHBBepcyiia goxaay ex,., peay JiiTaiavi iiaieaiiH- 

"IIpOCTpaHCTBO 



KB, KOToptie... ■fleaJii.HBi"*** 



n«e« 



S 74. A-P UlT»MHep M M«TOAMH»CKMM IUIK>pai1M3M 

"OrpaHBicHiiuu" onbrroit BBTOp KpBTBHeCKB ocraeTCH flO- 
BOJiea; a coBpeiieaHaH Hayxa o saaBHflx K Bejieimio "orpaHni«Baii" onbiT 
npBCOCABHHeT aaoe BejieHHe — "oi-rpaBRiiBaii" onbrrbi; b jibhbb 
ueTOABHecKOB rpana — HeaojniOTa xpBTB^ecxoB mi.icjib; b paarpaaaieaBB 
caitax MeTOAHHecKHX jibbbb b, AaJiee, b rpaAau.un jihhbb — ee nojmora. 
B jibbbb lieiOABYecxoB rpaaa, b orpaaBMeHHB jibhbb, lie oroBopeau ycjiOBBH 
ee npaaoiiepHoro nepeaoca; nepeaoc OTioro CTaHOBBTCH mcto «ecnoTa«jecKBM 
nepeaocoii; Be bo scex ycjioBBBx coSjnoAaeif a OABonyreiiHOCTi. Hayxa; MBoro- 
nyTeBBOCTb Hayxa, HHorooGpasae onbrra wcto ot 3Toro cnjiioineHbi b OAay 
nJiocxoCTb — nycn» orpaaBHeaHO naaryio. B stoh-to njiocxocTB iioaceT rocnoa- 
CTBOsaTb npoB3BOJn>HeBUiBB nepeaoc; Hanpaxep: reoiieTpBH — b jioraxy 
(Cnaaoaa) b CTaTBCTaxa b ncBXOJionno ($exaep). ^-p nfreHHep yxa3bmaeT Ha 
Bpea nepeHoca; Hanpaiiep: MaTeuaTHXB b MBCTBxy"; bjib: MaTeiiaTHKH b hcbxo- 
Jioraio, rfle 3axoHbi nocjieAaea T e p 6 a p t c a e ji a ji Heciaciau- 
mb"****; b Tpe6yeT orpaHBHeaaB: — 

— 1) 4»3BXB ot MaTeuaTBKB, 

— 2) xaiecTBa ot xojiBiecTBa, 

— 3) mnoTeabi ot 3axoHa, 

— 4) rpa<pH3ua ot peajni3Ma, 

— 5) aejioro ot CABHoro bjib o6mero, 

— 6) BCTBBbi ot aocTpaxoBB ee, 

— 7) ajijieropaa ot CBMBOJia, a t. fl. 
AsTop 3a6oTHTCH o CBoSoAe OAaofl TOjiixo jiaaaB: MexaHBiiB3iia; b 3a6biaa- 

eT npa 3TOH — npaaouepabie, napaJuiejibHbie jibhbb. B gbmbx npeaejiax 
Mexaaaxa oh ae bbabt xapTaa: itexaaaxB HaTeiiaTBHecxoa (rae aoHBTae 
"dynami g" ycrpaaaifo) — "iepno-"n n 3jiexTpo-ABHaMBKB n ; Tpn xapTBHbi 
BcraioT — b Tpex MexaHBXax; 3a npeaejiaiiB stob nocjieAaea ona-it-TaKH 
npaBOxepHbi xapTaabi: (pasaojiorasMa a ncBxojioraaiia. 



• GNS. m Band, 7. 
••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 283. 
"•Ibidem. 
••••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 121. 



132 



IIoneHeBHe aBTopa npocTBpaexfcJi aa iiexamiKy; o ncnxojiorji3Me mojihht 
on; b <pn3HOJiorB3iie — bbabt OTCTajiocra; ecri, h y TeTe ocraTOK OTcrajiocTB 
• onacemni npea uexaumiecKHM mcto/jom"; Mosiy o6cTOjrrejii>CTBy onem. pa« 
fl-p nire&Hep, npaupbiBawmBB iimiiam r e t e csoe 6 o ji b h o e 

■ 6 ji ■ a k o e x c m e p t a yieaie; or He npotb saTauniTb "h a a b h o r o 
npipoAosoaspHTejia" rere b nywnibi "n e p b o n p b h b h" b HenpeseH- 
nwteJibHyio KoiraaHHw: tiaiOB, Bceisaex, paHiie, noHTH<peKcoB 

■ «H»teHep-TexHOJioroB stbx nocJiegHBX aepoHTHO b yore yBaacaeicMB aBTOp 
(Mar ob ■ BeBexecTBeHHbtx paaike He cnaceinb): "Ecjih 6m (jiinKa 
linvijiaci... nepmnpiiiHoi sjiexipHieciBa, oh a... He 3a- 
OTaBBJia 6bi sjieKipn leciBO loim ipaiiBai"'. Cjiymairre, bm, 
II ynea, — BHxeHepM-TexHOJioni! 

OrpaHHiHTejiBHO «onycKaeT Ham aBTop KapTBHy iiexaHBKH or rpainiTa 
•— flo (pytncuBB co3Haioinero "fl", noHBMaa, KOHenuo, «rro MexaHBKa, coGcTseH- 
RO, sa npeaejiOM BexaHBKB yace He MexaHBKa, a — "ayp a" iiexaHBXH: 
ranoreaa una pacinapeinui npepu orapbrniH — b BexamiKe. Onoro-TO «o- 
Jistea oh aonycTBTb: ncBxojionuo — 3a npeaejiasiH ncBxojiorHB, xax ranoTesy 
AJU pacmapeiuui otpepbi — ncBxojiorBHecKBX ohmtob; ajih (paaaojioraH — to 
■la; * to ace — aju "m e x a h h k" b MexaHHxe. RacimipeHHe HayHHOB Ten«eH- 
■mm nojiesHO — b OTpaBB<oiTejii>HOM CMbicjie, hto6m Taxafl reuacumiH 6buia 
■■panuiejibHa TeH/jemniBia cMeatHbiM, to ecTb bm He b ymep6. 

Tyi — flsa BMXo/ja. 

HflTeptpepeHipia scex TeHAempiB, orpammeHae ohmtob, Hac Beaymee 
I pluralia asanapasuoB. Hjib — Ka&CAMH B3 iieTOAOB, nepevacjiaa ace 
HtTOAu b cBoe B3iaepeHBe, onbrr cbob pacmapHeT jmHeauo: napaJuiejibHbie 
MOna napaJuicjibHO npoTHHyTMx mctoaob BsiecTO hjiockocth nexaHHini3ua; 
■VMM ckmum: "or p aHBi enabiS" BexauanecKBa cmmcji craaoBBTca eme 
'OT-rpaaiiCHHUK" cmmcjiom ot "o - rp a hbm eHHtix" cmmcjiob -^xb- 
■neCKBX, <pB3BOJiorB<iecKBX a bcakbx apyrax. B "o" a "o t", — a He tojibko 

■ "o" — nojiHOTa xpannniaMa. 

IIojIOBBHHaTbIB KpBTBHB3M H8C npHBOAHT K... liOBB3Uy OrpaHHHeHHO 

rux uexaHBHecKBX npHmnraos; noflJiBHHbiB — xpluralia onbrroB, to 

i X O-rpaHHTOHHO OT-rpaHBMCHHbUI CCpBHll. 



it § 75. A-P UIt«mh«p m CMcreMa Hayic 



l*» 



"floKipanep" A-p IQTeBHep c 3iinHpB3MOM He 5opeTca: "Y 

\tUM eCTb I03MOKHOCIL... 6 bl T b He nOHHTblM... HCIUaH 3M- 

lipiciaai; aeioaauauie aio oropiajio 6 aeai... IIpoTBB 

IX He Horyi 6 bi t b y i t e h bi mob buboau, noiovy i t o h bx 

|t at a c a jo c t"**. TeHpBX PaKKepT cxoiaataa o6iaii> aeoSmaoe 



♦Por. 119. 
•• CNS. I Band, LXXXIH. 



133 



A-pou niTe&Hepoii onpeflejtajui coraacHO no3Buaio hhctoto aanapasiia; ohh 
— paarpammcHBe orpaHBHeaubix cepHa; ohb — njuopajuraaf. 

H rpoaauuB uvroffKHeamx "uoboco b" npaeauieTca A-pou UlTeBHepoM, 
"m a t e p h a ji b c t o m" h "a m n h p h c t o m". 3to — Mapoco3epuaHHe TeTe. 

"Cm emaBatouxaa miKgy c aepHOii" fl-p IHreBHep BCKpbisaeT 
rpaaaipuo BCK>Ay. 

Hanpaaep: Tpa cnocoSa o&bJiCHemur OTMenaeT y Teie oh: npa noi<oii;ii 
3 a k o h a n p a p o a i>i, noanii; a — npB n o a o m a uni: "Tan, 
noBiiie a npapoAHbia 31x0a cyii. ipa ipopuu, b xoiopnx 
laiiiieici b a e a ji i. h o e"*, b — npBBOAHT Ta6jrai(y rpaaanaa TeTe: 

1) cjiyiaHHoe, 

2) NtexaHHiecKoe, 

3) (pBSBnecKoe, 

4) xunnecxoe, 

5) oproHiraecKoe, 

6) ncBXHHecKoe, 

7) 3TBHeCKOe, 

8) pejiBJB03Hoe, 

9) reHHaJTbHoe. 

"y cuaaijieiie npoTO-<peHOMeHa c ji e a y e t no aioiiy 
BoexoAflwexy pany"**. 

"TdTe ce6e npe/jCTaBJiaeT Map, kbk oxpyataocii oipym- 
BOCTea, ii KO-ropiix taKflii xaecT cbob npaBiian o6tnc- 
BeBBJi. CoBpeaeHHbie ac e houictu 3 a a io t ofliH-eaiBciBeu- 
hub xpyi 

Tax roaopBT "m oh H3npyK)ii(ai" TeTe "uohic t" A-p IHreHHep, npa- 
JBBMiian y Tere t p a cnoco6a o&bacuenan, npejioMJueiibix a e b b t b to 
Kpyrava mctoaob; stot caaua "m o h a c t", Ha npoTBaceHaa Tpex o6i>eifBCTi>ix 
khbt xoifMeHTapya xpacxy y TeTe, ycraHaBJiBBaeT neitipe c n o c o 6 a 

TpaKTOBaBHH KpaCKB CO CTOpOHbl tt AeBCTBBfl: HyBCTBeHHO MopajibHoro, CpH- 

aaoJioraiecKoro, xamraecKoro a (pBsaiecKoro. 

"Mohoc" y A-pa nheaHepa Be b Kaxoa-HaGyAb B3 pluralia jibhhb, 
a b p a t m e rpaAaqaa; MHOHcecrao noHHTaa paccyAKa b pa3yne ec-n. 
Texynee MHoacectBO, paTMBSBpyeuoe a^eea; imoacecTBo jibctcb b HAeio a BAeeio 
asjiBBaeTCa; rocnoACTByeT acaBaa aeTaif opdposa. fl-p IftreHHep b stom MOMeHTe 
CBoea (pBJioco(pBa Baecre c (pfljiococpou FepaKjnnoM mohmt npH3Ha-n>: "navia 
pet" — c repaxjmTOM a Hmnne"... He c TeKKejieii. Cbb3i> A-pa IHreBBepa 
c neauoM 3apaTyCTpbi ocosHBHa — JlHnrraHoepjKe: "Oh (a*P nireHHep) 3 a b e - 
pmaet ieopxio Haquie", — lOBopar JlaHrraHBepwe****. H uu — co- 
iJiamaeMCfl. Ho nocKOJiucy o6pa3y HaymoH fleHCTBirreJU.HOCTH pa3yM «aeT 



* GNS. m Band, Das System der Naturwisaenschaft. XX. 
••GNS. II Band, XLH. 
••• GNS. I Band, LXXXm. 
••*« "l, philosophic de Nietzsche". s 

134 



nocJie«Hee npocBeinenae, h BOCxojn>Ky onui, npHpoaa, oaapeau b aea BAeflMH, 
<pBJioco<pBH A-pa DlTeHHepa npaeuJieT Mepru ajieaToa": caitaa dpopaa cywAe- 
bbh, kbk c b H a t AByx DOKHTBH, apecymecTBJuieMa b pa3y»i e: cbh3i» cywaeHaa 

— c y m a; cjioacaoe coneTaHae nainneaHCTBa, repaKjniTHSiia, ajieaTCTBa, nncpa- 
ropeacTBa** — bot HaiieK k noHBMaHHio mobojibtbob h crpoBBOB TeopHH A-pa 
UTreBBepa. 

A ysaxaeiDbm aaxop pacyeT Ban "h a e o <p o 6 a", "MoaacTa". 

Koro pa36iipaeT Hail asTOp? 

B yacHemui oTBomeHHJi ocHOBHoro iiohhthh paAa (paccy/nca) k (paayuy) 
Texyneuy coieTaBMO pHAOB carom "hohoc" rpaAamm BOceraeT, "k a k 
EOHtiBai qeju. eciecTBeaHO-HayiHOH mcioaiki *. ^-p 
niTenuep Han roBopirr o aayicax, hto "hi b k a k o m bbom OTBomean 

He CTOHT OHH K BOCBpBflTBH), I8K IOJ11KO B O A H O M: B O 6 1. e K - 

Tax caMoro socnpniTii ohh bbaht oco6yio (popiiy noHH- 
t ■■"**. He npaaAa jib, A-p IttTeBHep — "MaiepiaJiici", a6cTpairrnbiH 
"logic t", KorAa oh — roaopirr: "3 to Be a6cipaniui iohiii, 
eABBCTBO aapaaee ipiiiianiiiii... ho Kouxpemui no- 

HB3M"***. 

^sa o&i>acaeHBH npaaaacT A-p HlTeBBep*B Hayxe: 1) npa nonouni pac- 
cyAOHHofi KaTeiopBB, pacaxenjiaiouudt' abhhocti.; 2) npa bomowb BAeaJi&ao 
b rpaAainoi Aaaaoro loioca. 06i»HCHeBae nepBoe He ofrbacHeaae co6ctbchho, 
a cabbctbo aayiaoro pflAa: oho — iieTOABiao, mien TexHanecKBH cmmcji: 
"M up o6i>hchhk>t He jaaHCBHev a b ji e h a a, ho BOcco3Aaaaeii 
ix a e a c t b a i"** M , — roBOpHT b npHMeqaaaB oh k a63auy "H i»k» t o a o - 

II O B T B K a" BJIB OB TOBOpBT B apHlteHaBflB K TtTf. "O 6lICUlTb C O C - 

tbbbob cpeHosieH — 3TO aaaiBT: noiamip ycjioxaeaae 
npocTefiinax ipeuoiieHOB, B3 loiopux oh c jio acea"*****. Hjib 
oh iobopbt: 'Teie a o ji ac e a 6 biji bcxoabti. ot cauoio npocToro 
(peaoiteaa, paianai ero b hiciotci ycjioacuHH mjio-no- 
MBJiy. 3tbh... AOJixea oa 6mji... laxoHOiiepuo iiaixHyikca 

■ Ha Aaaa&iB b icxcie (peaoMen. 3thm bocjicabhb can co- 
Hoi o6i.HCHHeTC.il". Tax roBopar A-p IUreBHep b npaM e<iaaaa k "Hbhjto- 
HOBOB onTaKe"******. Hjib oa roBopar: "Haauaaa nan o jih e iih oe 
npocTpaacTBO "iiiepie a", h a 3 i>i b a k> h cjiobo, KOTopoiiy He 

■ tieHHio h Himoi peaJibHOCTB b i>i c in e a"* ******. Hjib ace: 
"OflHO — laiepii, xax peajn>aaa odoia ibjicbii; Apyroe 

— oa a, in... SBJieBie""""", 



•GNS.m Band, XIX. 
** GEGW. Denken und Wahrnehmung. 
•••GNS. m Band, XDC. 
••••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 299. 

GNS. IV Band, E. A. 329. 

••••••GNS. fflBand, 343. 

•• GNS. DJ Band, XXVI. 

GNS. ffl Band, XV. 

135 



"M aiepiaJiEC t", "caiioipoiiBopeigBUH mohbc t", «-p 
DlTeHHep npoHBJiaeT 3«ecb cbojo "nopoiHyio... flBoSciBeHHOcn" 
— He npaB^a jih, aBTop? 

Kax 6m hh 6bino, ero CHCieiia nayK, HCTeKaa H3 naeajibHoro "uoeoc a", 
menu-Tea b flyaju»Hwx rpanairiiax (b iiupe cy6i>eKTa u b rape ooiexTa); 
paapemaerca b pluralia onbrroB, <rto6 co6paTbcn b rpaaainno 
iiOHO-flyo-njtwpajibHyio. 

TeopHH no3HaBaHHH — ee Koaeu. n Hanajio. 

MoHO-flyo-njnopajiiHOCTb rpaaainra a-pa UTrenHepa: 1) BosmncaeT othct- 
jihbo b ero nepBbtx paSorax; 

2) OTierjiHBO npoBoairrcfl Ha scex nyojnmHbix jieicinurx; 

3) OTHeTJIHBO npOBOAHTCH B MHOrOHHCJieHHblX KypCaX JleKIOIH H 

4) aasepmaeTCH b Kypce 1914 rofla*. 
Koro pHcyer hou asrop? 



§ 76. MHpoBoaspeHM*, MHpoouwmeHHe, toh 

YBaacaeMbiB asrop co cto /jeBHHocTOH crpainmbi macro: 

"Chmbojihsii TpeGyeT... coieiaaRi nuiopa- 
JIH3U a, ay a jib 3 at a... mohi3mi". 
TjiacHT, h — co<qeTamiH He AaeT; a fl-p HTTeHHep naeT — b csoeii xypce 
Jieunni 1914 roaa. 

MnpoB033peiiHe, no fl-py UlreHHepy, ecTb oieHb cjiowhoc u.eJioe, cocro- 
jnn.ee H3 lerbrpex 3jieuemoa: UMeioflOJiorRvecKoi ochobw — 3Toro 
OTnpaBHoro nyHKTa HayKH, — h HaacTpointn hba MeTO/1,011; m iiapooiqy- 

H(eHHH, BJIHTOrO B JieTOfl H HH CMpOpMJieHHOrO; H3 apXHTCKTOHHKH 

nocrpoeHHfl, onpeflejiaeMofi tohok cTpoeiniH; h h3 a e h t p a, unpoB033peHne 
CTpoainero: mot ueHrp — caM nejioBex; HHpoB033penHe b rjiy6oqaHineii 
3Ha<ieuBH cjioaa — >iejiOBeHHO. MapososspeHHe noAJiHHHO mohhcthiho b CTpo- 
ameH ero ueHTpe, b TBopnecKofi lioAyjuiintH coieTaHHH hs Mgpooqyiqe- 
hhh, TOHa h HeiOAa: 3tot ueirrp — HeJioseix; b 3tom CMbicJie oh "xy- 

AOSHHK HOHHTHh"; (pHJIOCOipHH eTO "eCTb HCKyCCTBo". "3 to He 
aGcTpaKTHblH MOHH3M, e AHHCTBO SapaBCe npiHMMaiO IH.HH... 

ho EOHspeini.ii u ohh 3 m"**. B cymHOCTH "m ohh 3m" 3Toro Tuna eCTb 
TCKyiee u e ji o e, coieTawin.ee Tpn pa3HopoAHbix MOHH3Ma, nepeceKaeiibix 
b jihhhocth: moibmii o6mero Toua, mohhsm uerop,a h mohh3m HacTpoemja; 
HacTpoeHHe, toh h m e t o a a o6pa3yiOT t p h a n y : MHpoB033peKne ipi- 
a ah H HO. 



* XXXIII Kvpc: Der menschliche und der kosmische Cedanke. 
••GNS. niBmid, XDC. 5 

136 



T o a: oa xapaKTepH3yen cjiOBaim fl-pa DJreHHepa, b3htmiih H3 6poimopbi 
ero* ii npmieHeHHtnni k ApacroTejno: "M okbo pajjiiiaii. Bceo6in.ee, 
KOTopoe n p e w a e OTAejifcHOCTefi, c KoiopuiiH uu BCTpena- 
eucH Buemne; 3 a Ten... Bceo6in.ee, b aeiijax 3aKJiH>HeHHoe; 
n ipene — <p p m y Bceo6mero, Hoiopyio h e ji b e k o6pa3yei 
ce6e...TaKHM o6paiou cy mecT b y k>t: 1) uni vers ali a ante rem, 
2) universalia in re, 3) universalia poet rem". IIoc.ne;iBHe p a asep - 
luianici is cySieiiiBBoro ayxa h cyii... aayipeaiie 
nepe «HBaHHa". H flajiee: "B sioi oGjiacm "lOHa" paajiHHaev 
TpoHKoe. Bee mpoBoaspeHii h k om 6h h a iihh... m ory t Tpo- 
■ ko b c t y n a t &"**. HueHHo: tcictiibo, HaiypajiicniHO a h h - 
lymiHo; iciciiiHO, KorAa lejiOBex "h 3 b h e in h e r o... niqei Bo- 
ra n ***; cto cjiyiaii universalia ante rem; aaiypa jihcthhuo, Kor^a 
"m o h o c" nojiarae-rcB b Benm (universalia in re); "HBiyiiiBBO 
— universalia post r e m; t o h BbipaxcaeT oTHomeime CHCTeiiu crpoemui 
k universalia. Or xapaKTepa nojioaceHHs universalia aaBHCBT xapaKTep 
crpoeHna. Maoroo6pa3He aacipoeBii, aaAcipoeK o&be/riiBfleTCH b t o - 
He. Kpoiie Tona b Mnposo33peHHe bxo/tht MHpoomymeHHe aui generis. 

MapooiiiyiiieHfce CTpoeBata: cymecTByeT 7 thuob; fl-p IHreHHep xapaic- 
repaiayeT Te nmu, kbk Hiipooiqyxqeune: rBocuqaiiia, jiorHSita, bo- 

JIH>HTapH3Ma, SHBBpiSHB, 1IHCTHKH, ipaBDI(eHff CHTa JIK3Ma 

a OKKyjn>TH3iia, ianoroo6pa3Be Hetopi, b tpohkocth t o h o b, MosceT 

IipOBTH CKB03I> JUoGoe H3 3THX ltOBH31(OB. B 3TOH njIOCKOCTH MOHH3S1 IIOCTpO- 
eHBH KOpeHHTCH B HaCTpOeHHH CTpOSOnero; 3T0 CTHJlt OTHOmCBHI 

x neTOflaM, c t h ji b OTHOineHHfl k loaai: MHpooin.yin.eHne flaei 

CTHJIl. 

HaKoneii: MHpoomymeHHe, toh o<|>opujiaeMbrH b meTOfle: jrapoB033peHjie, 
nocrpoeuHoe Ha jcerofle, OTpMBan or o&beKTa Me-rofl, HenpaaoiiepHO boshocht 
ee: "B n o h c r a x 3a mpoBosapcHHeii npHUHMaioT hiobu, 
xoxopue aiyiaeiiu b xibii, ipiaHxe, ^iiaiojioiii, — h Ha 
hhx HipoBoaipeHie ctdoht. 3th ji 10 a h nocTynaiox, KaK... 
I nocTynui bu riaoieiiieciii canoxaiK, bc 3aneiaa,Hio 

I MCTOflHieCKH CTOJIB It HBpOB033peBHe n p a B o m e p H o, K a K... 

ranoTeTH necKHe HHpoBbie canorn"****. 3to o6jiacTi> paccyAO«nitix 
nocTpoeHsm: h ona — MeTOAHHHa; fl-p IHTeHHep xapaiarepH3yeT SAeci. AaeHaA- 
aa-n. bo3ho«hi.ix iktoaob; ABeHafluaTHHKoe nocrpoeHHe bo3mo«ho 3Aec&: enn- 

pHTVaJIHSM, HHeBMaTHSM, HCHXH3M, HAeaJIHSM, pai(HOHaJIH3M, MaTeuaTH3M, na- 

TepnajiH3M, ceHcyajm3ii, <peHOMeHajrfl3ii, peajiHSM, AHHaMH3ii, iiOHaAH3M, pac- 
nojiaraeiibie b mecri. p p o s i t a 60 : 



* "Omjiococbhi h Teocodtu". 
"MuKG. iftVortrag, 14. 
••• Ibid. 
••••MuKG. nVortrag,4. 



137 



1) MaTepnajiH3M cnapHTyajuMii. 

2) MaTeiiaTHMi mohbab3m. 

3) PainfOH8UIH3M ABHaMB3M. 

4) Hfleajni3M peajm3M. 

5) IICBXB3M (peHOMeHaJD13M. 

6) IlHeBMaTH3M CeHCyajBH3M. 

Hjdi ace 3th AaeHaAiiaTb aeTOAoa pacnan,aioTCH Ha flae rpynnti: a a e • 
a ji a 3 a — p e a ji b 3 m o6pa3yjOT rpaHHiry neat mum. 

HAeajiB3M 



1) PauHOHajnMM 
MaTeMaTBSii 
MaTepHajiB3H 
CeHcyajiB3M 
<DeBOMeBajni3M 



2) E[CBXB3M 

IIueBMaTH3M 

CnnpHTyajiBSM 
MonaAH3M 

J^BBaMH3M 



PeajiB3M 



MapoB033peBBa nepBOB rpynnBi — CTaTBHHbi, impoBoaspeHiu BTopoa 
rpynnu no npeaMyinecTBy AeftcTBeaabi. 

mp0BO3apeaiux aroa o6juicth roBopar fl-p IHreHHep: 

"3 onycTHMo Be oaio aiqmaeiioe h oapaaAHBaenoe 
vipoBoupcHie, ho — flBeuafluaib. Map He paccMaTpasaeu 
OABOCTopoaue...; nap oupuBaeici jiainb TOity, kto 6epeT 
ero b Kpyre... Hyacao yiieTb bxhtbch... b 12 ioiex 3peHii, 
paccMaTpHBaiomnx MBp. J^jih tot o, kto xoiei npoiiHKayit 
b n p a p o fl y mmcjib, cymecTsyet He o a h o giHpocoacpuaEie, 
ho 1 2, aaeiontBX paBHOe onpaBflaiiae"'. 

Mbi 6bi Ha3Bajta ary o6jiacTb — paccyAOHHoa o6jiacTbw; H3yneHHe 3aao- 
hob crpoeHBH, pacnoJioaceBae a BaaBHBaa caasb cacrea stoh o6jiacra onpen,e- 
jtaMbi Teopaeit shbhbh; apxareKTOHaxy 3tbx cbctcm mm 6m Ha3saJiB "h a - 
yxoyieHiev". Ho MaposoaapeBBe, no «-py EUTefiHepy, ecn> cjioxaoe 
uejioe, to ecu. acasaa TpiaAaiiTona, Hacipoenia, a e t o a a, nepece- 
■leHHaH b ueHTpe; 3tot nearp — nejioaex. 

MapoB033peHHB HeJioBeiecTBa — acaBaa iieiaiiop^oia BHABBBflyajn,- 

BO UejIOCTHMX ipilfllieCKIX BOCTpOeHBH, B3 KOTOpMX KBHCAOe TOJD.KO 

— Syraa b apxHTeKTOHBHecKOM xpaae. 06jiacri> pa3yMa b nocTpoeaaB caaioro 
xpaaa, b a3yneHaa kcciob B carnaJiH3au.Ba cacTeM, b pasrosope 
cbctcm, b MHOrooSpaaaa rami, cjiarawmax caatpouaio mmcjih. 

B apxHTeKTOHBKe MeTOAOB a chctcm ocaoBHoe eflBHCTso (cacreMbi jib, 
aeTOAa jn») 6epeTca b OTHomeHBB ax k rpaAainioHHoiiy qejioiiy, to ecu. 
b aeTaMop<po3e. TaK, noHarae, B3aroe caiio no ce6e, a to ate noHHTae, B3Broe 
b qejiaa, onpeAejiaMbi abohko: onpeaejieHBe hohbthb b ero MeTOABHecaoM 



'MuKG. 



138 



ouicjie — onpeaejiemie 3K3o-TepmecKoe; onpeflejieinie b o6pa3e, b acecTe 
— onpe«ejieHHe 330-Tepn<iecKoe. "Hcuuu, npHHaAJieacain,iie k ut- 
aoA c a c t e m e BoaspeHHi, noHmaeiu npaBHJimo ji h m i> 
a ax b 3 ami oo 6meH hh... 3 tot rjiy6oKnS ix chucji... siote- 
piiecKii cmmcji. IIocjieflUHH tojh.ko ji h in i> yjiOBHM a ji h 

TOrO, KTO 03HaK0MBJICH CO BCtM... KpyPOM B 3 3 p e II B B, K KO- 
TO p M y np HHaa jte a ht soiapeBie e auhohhoc Hcthhm ace... 

IIITUt BBC COieiaBHH ECtlB, HB3MBBIOICI BCTBHailB 

iiaoTepnecEBM a"* . 

H 3fleci> KCTa-ra 3aMeTiui: rnmryHa xapmcaTypy cbomj iia "t m c h h t - 
A e t h h fi 330Tepn3 m", nprnuui jib bo BHHuaioie yBaacaeiibiS aBTOp onpe- 



§ 77. rpaAai^Mfi MMpoB033peHMft, cmctom: nniopo-Ayo-MOHH3M 

3jieueHTaMH uejibHtix impoB033peHHB Sy^yT, CTajio Girrt, leTwpe 
Kaxeropaa "iiobocob". , 

1) "M OHOc"rpaflauBH — b eflHHCTBe TpHUAHiecKOH "bh3h". 

2) "M o h o c" t o h a — b a) TeKMie, 

b) HHTyHTHBH3Me, 

c) HaTypajmsiie. 

3) "M O H O C" MHpOOiayiUeHHH B a) rH0CTHUH3Me, 

b) jioia3Me, 

c) BOjnoBTapBSMe, 

d) 3MnnpH3jie, 

e) MBCTBITH3Me, 

f) TpaHCMeHfleHTajiH3Me, 

g) 0KKyjTbTB3Me. 

4) "M ohoc" m e t o fl a — b 

a) cnapHTyajnMMe, 

b) nHeBMaTH3Me, 

c) ncaxH3Me, 

d) HfleajTH3Me, 

e) pai^toaaJTHSiie, 

f) M8TeMaTB3Me, 

g) MaTepnajTH3Me, 
h) cencyajiB3Me, 
i) (peHOiieHajui3Me, 
k) peajiBSMe, 
1) AHHaunaiie, 
m) M0HaflB3ue. 



• GNS. IV Band, E. A. Gcuchichte der Farbenlehre, 127. 

139 



MHpoB033peime I. n, e ji & h o e H3o6pa3HMO rpa<pHHecKH Tan: 



Toh. 



MHpoomymeHHe. 




MBpOB033peHBe.. 



MHpoB033peHHH ^ajiee iioryT 6biri> cneayioicqiix thhob: 
II. TpiBAinecKoe: 



"MOHOC"TOHa. 



MHpoomymeHHe. 




->•< 



Mctoa 



HI. ^yajifcHoe: 



"Mohoc" 



MHpoomymeHHe. <_ 



-> Merofl 



140 



IV. MoHHCTHHecKoe: 



"Moboc". 



"Mohoc". 



MeToa. 



v 



MHpoomymeHHe. 



V. IIjiiopajiHCTHHecKoe: 



"Mohoc". 



MaTqnajiH3M. 



Y 

MaT«MaTH3M. 



V 



PaimOHa^H3M H T. A. 



MapoB033peHHe fl-pa IIlTeHHepa H3o6pa3HMO rpadn 
•cccki: 



ApxHTerroHHKa. 



MHpoomymeHae. 




MeroA. 



141 



MnpoB03apeime ace FeKKejn — : 

Mohoc. 



V 



Meroa. 

Anop bx aepenyiaji. 

JJ-p nheraep hem aaji coieTamie: «aji rpaflamno coieTainiH; rpaaaaHft 
Aaaa b HepapxHH. Bot rpagauHfl nonycTHMiix chctcm: 

I. M o h a 3 M bl . 

1) MaTepaajniaM, 2) MaTeuaraaif, 3) pauHOHaj»3M, 4) itaeajntau, 5) ncHxn3M 
a t. «. 

II. ^yo-itoHimu. 

rpaAaifHH Aonycmiibtx chctcm 6epeTca: — 

B niOCTHI]H31ie, 

— b JiorH3Me, 

B BOJIH)HTapH3Iie, 

B 3MnHpH31ie, 

B MHCTHIQUMe, 

— b Tpaacn.eBaeBTajai3Me, 

— - B OKKyjIBTJMMe. 

B 3toh pyfiprae, BanpBMep, Moaa/ni3M mowbt A»Tb pa^u nocTpoeBHH, 
flonycmMtDc ycjioBHO, Kan: 

a) rBOCTHHecxKH Moaa,mi3M, 

b) Jioraiecxim " 

c) MHCTHHeCKHH " 

d) BOJUOHTapHCTHHCCKHB MOHa#H3M, 

e) 3MHHpHHeCKHB " 
i) TpaBCIteBAeBTBJII>HbIH " 
g) OKKyJIBTHilH " 

HI. IIjQOpO-flyO-MOHH3MI.I. 

TpaAaioifl flonycTHMiix Bapaauim 12 X 7 eiqe 
HioaucHpyeTca: — 

B TCH3Me, 

B HHTyHTHBH3Me, 

„ — b BaTypajiH3ife. 

B 3TOH CtaAHH apXHTeKTOHHHeCKHH TOB MOHCeT flaTi 12 X 7 COHeTaHHH 

npaBonepHbix camix bo ce6e chctcm; BCfe Tpa toub asjot 12 x 7 X 3 coHeiamiH. 

142 



3x6jieMaTHKa HCTopmiecKHx nbcTpoeHafi b rpaAainui A-pa nFreiHepa aaet 
mxpoByio MHoroxpacoHHOcn. a HioaHCHpyeT tobxo. 

B flyxe naauoA rpaAauBB xapaKTepBsyeii ace orjumte H/ieajiHCTOB — bac- 
ajmcTaim: — 

1) raocxBiecKHS BAeajmcT IfriaTOH, 

2) JioniHecitHB HAeajmcT Teresa., 

3) BOJiHJHTapHCTHHecjara BAeajtHCT . . . IHoneHraysp, 

4) amnipHHecKHfi BAeajiBCT TeTe, 

5) TpaBcqeBAeHTajtbH&dl nneajnicT . . . KaH-r, 

6) MHcn<iecndi lAetimci 3xxapi, 

7) OKKyjn.THHecwdi bacrjibct k.-h. erane-rcicBB acipojior. 

KaacAMH n omeieHHiix HAeajinaifOB onHTfc-TaxB MoateT 6&m> ran b Tpex 
■pXMTexTOBnraecxatx tohbx; Tax, HanpaMep: 

ljjioniecKii HAeajmsM: b TeB3iie — 

HOMHBaJIH31f; 

" " b BaTypaJiH3ne — 

ApacTorejib; 

" " B HHTyBTTHBH3Me 

4>HXTe; 
2)rHOCTB<iecKBB BAeaJiB3M:B TeB3ne — 

Bji. Cojiobmb; 
" " b HaTypajiH3MC — 

BaTyp<|)flJioco<pBB; 

" " B BHTyBTBBB3Me 

(pfljioccxpBH Jloroca; 
3)lIBCTBHeCKBB BAea.riB3M: b TeH3ne — 

4hjiob; 
" " b HaTypajiB3Me — 

Hxob BeMe; 

" " B BBTyBTBBB3Me 

MeficTep 3xxapT. 
JIoimsm ace npoxoABi: — 

1) KaK JioraHecKBB MaTepBaJiB3M ^GMOKpBT; 

" " MaTeMansM Kairrop; 

" m paqHOHajnaM Korea, ryccepju.; 

" " ncaxB3M OexHep; 

" " naeBMaTH3i< JToTue; 

" " cimpBTyajra3M PaaMyaa JlyjiJiHa; 

" " MOHaAH3M JIeB6HBii; 

" " AHuaiiB3M Pmju.; 

" " peajiH3M <I>ojn»Kejii.T; 

" " $eHOMeaa.JiB3M Cneacep; 

" " ceHcyaJiH3M JJjk. Ct. Mhjuu; 

" " BAeajiH3M rerejit. 

143 



H onflTb-Taicn jionieciii paitionaJiiiH: 

b BioaHce TeH3ua CimH03a; 

" " HUTynTHBB3iia . . ^ncapi; 

" " BaTypaJlB3Ma . . . B Hay«mbix KJiaccatpaKauaOBBbix cacTeuax. 
CorjiacHO rpaAauaa n>pa HfreBHepa uoryr 6mtb tbbi>i MaTejiaTanecKHx 
nocTpoeHHH, aanpauep, cjieAyioinHe: — 

rHOCTHHecKXB MaTenaTB3H 3xxapTcray3ea; 

jiomHecKHB " Kaarop; 

MHCTBieCKHH " BpOBCKBB; 

aunapaHecKaa " Atomb3m; 

TpaBcqeHAeBTajn>HbiB MaTeMaTB3n . . Peccejn,; 
oKKyjCbTBHecKHH " . . Ka56ajia. 

Hi.fl. 

3th npHMepw onpeflejieHUH cjiyHaaabi; npaaaAJieacaT ohh b 6oju»ihhh- 
CTBe cjiynaea Ban; onpeaejuui Ttne, Kax BAeajracra-aimBpaKa*', a Hmnne, 
Kax BOJnoHTapHCTa-AHHaimxa, A-p IIlTeHHep tohko OTreaaeT bhmbc 
MOBO-Ayo-nJiiopaJiBHOH rpanai^ii, Maoroo6paaae ltOAyJiflUHB koto- 

pOH Caifafl BCTOpBH <pBJIOCO<pHH. 

YsaxaeMbiB asTop Teparrca b apxaTeicxoBBHecKOM xpaue, nyraeT aae- 
ajiBCTOB — "K aaTo-IIjiaTOBo-KoreBa" b "ApHCTOTejie-TeKKe- 
ji a". B jiynmeM cjiynae oa npe/nyBCTByeT sacci. kbkob-to "KOHipiirypa- 
aioBHui saioH". H aeapiraiif npeAiyacTBBeii aanaAaa aa A-pa iitrea- 
aepa, opyaeneit, KOTopoe BMKOBaji, — 6teT cc6h 6ojimo. 



§ 78. MHpOB033peHM8 M MCTHH8 

Mipoao33peHie, no A-py ntreaaepy, ecn> acasoe TeKynee 
uejioe; b KaacAOB cia/nm cbobx B3MeHeHBB b pocra oho — coHeTaaae a a - 

CTpOeilBH, TOHl, HCTOfla, BepeCeMCBBblX KOHKpeTHO B eABHCTBe; 

impoBosapeaae uejiociao; b npasa.a — KOHKpeTHa: — 

— "B flyxe pajjiaiBLix jijoaeh pauiiHUU a npas- 
flti, notojiy hto 3tb nocJieAHae b lagiciiocti oi bucoih 
bx KyjijbTypw npoaBKaioT BeoABaaKOBO b rJiyfaray Bernea"*. 

— "C ji e a y e t a a e c * npinaii, bo BHiHaaie, hto 
ApacTOTejiB npoTBBmica tony b 3 r ji a a y aa Map, corjiacao 
xotopoiiy Bee cboaemo... k eniBciay aScTp aitBOi y"**. 

— "Bee b e ji a k o e, npaaeceaaoe lenoBenecTBoa, 
BoccTajio i3 BBflHBaAyyMa"***. 

— "H c t b h y npiSHani ji a in b ror^a, Korfla o n bi t h o 
ee nocimani b ee BoccTaaaa b biiabbb Ay y m e"****. 



•GNS. IV Band, E. A. 9. 
••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 30. 
"GNS. IV Band, E. A. 103. 
"GNS. m Band, 515. 



144 



— "Kto gocmaei b ceo6me- saa hum oh npaBAbi, He 
noHinaeT ce6a"*. 

— "B i^ejiocTHOM jihhhocth 3ajioacena npanfla"". 

"H CTBHHOe eCIb IBAIBIAyJUBO-ICIHBBOe 

3H BHHTe JIbHblX aHHHOCTefi"***. 

— "IIpaBfla Be ecu npoayxT cb6ip«i e jilhoco...; 
oia Bocciaei... 13 nyxoBHUx chji epHantix""". 

— 'Tete lyaciBOBaji noipe6Hocib Han6ojiee ape- 

Jlbie njIOflW 3BBHHH BUIOBapiBBTL B a <p O p H C T H H e C K O B 

(jiapiie. 3to — (popua, KOTopyio Bu6HpaioT lacio Ha b bi c o - 
HaiiinBX BepmHHax SBaHaa"*"". 

"Teococpmi ace cocAHaiei" — y«niT Hac ysaacaeMbia asTop; oh a 
"a6 co jiioTBa"; b sane ct Be sbbhiii, b npiToa aGconioiHoro 
jbbbbb, t a h h, o h a AorxaTHHHa; "b k a ac a o m icBOBenaiii 

6fcd CBOB KH3Hfc"****** H T. fl. 

MoaceT 6brrb, cymecTByeT Teoco<pHn, nofloGHan aBTopcRoa; TeocoipHfl 
y fl-pa nireHHepa yore "pamy r p a a a 11 b b"; "aGcojuonioci b", "a 6 - 

CtpaKIBOCIl" H "m e p T B O C T I." XapaKTepH3yeT 3K30TepHHCCKHH CMblCJi; 

93atepii3if — 3to pHTM, 3T0 JiencocTL. MeJioAUB h Taaeq aioaHCOB. ABTopy He 
iiemajio 6&i pa3BHTb ce6e anyx: no OTHomemno k fl-py nTreiiHepy oh crpaAaeT 
— pa3HTeju>HiiM oTcyTCTBHeii cjiyxa. 



§ 79. ApMCTOTeJIb, ft>M3HK8, TeTS 
CjienyeT, no aBTopy, pa3JiHHaTb: — 

1) ApHCTOTejlH, 

2) CpH3HKy, 

- 3) TeTe. 

HTO 3H8HHT: 

1) "Teopmo, kbk jioraqecityio HaflCTpoaKy", 

2) "Teopmo, kbk cen. MiicjnrrejibHyio", 

3) "Teopmo, Kax pe3yjtbTaT npHCJiyinHBaimH". 
Ho fl-py IIlTeHHepy, aro 6yfler: — 

1) TOHH3M, 

2) JieTOAMM, 

- 3) icapoomymeHHe. 

T. e. Tpa sJieiicHTB, BxoAaume b MHp0BO33peHae pejibHoe, r,ne ohb 
BCrpenaiOTCH b neHTpe. 



•GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 349. 

•• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 395. 

••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 400. 

*••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 401. 

••••♦GNS. IV Band, E. A. 103. 

•••••• PoI\ 396, 397. 



145 



OnpeflejiHH b «yxe nono-flyo-nJuopajituoH rpaaaipiH: 

— 1) ApHCTtrrejtH, 

— 2) Teie, 

— 3) <pH3HKy, — 
mm nojiynmi: — 

1) JlorimecKHH aaeaJiB3M . . 

2) SiompaMecraril Bfleajnifut . 

3) MaTeuaTHSM. 
HaoGpaataa rpacpHiecra: 

1) ApacTOTejii: — 



b aaiypajrauie; 

B HHTyHTHBHSMe; 



Mohoc (universalia in re). 



MapoourjmeHRe. 
(JIorasM). 




MeroA- 

(HAeUH3M). 



2)rete: — 



Toh (universalia post rem). 



3MUHPB3M. 

3)4aana: — 




Mohoc. 



V 

M&rpa. 



Hneajni3M 



146 



Bot OTBeT Ha HBHBBoe nonencHHe o pa3flejn,HOCTn — hjioa orjiymeHHOCTH 
— no oTHoineHHM r fl-py EQienHepy. 

Bee H3JioaceHHoe m XXXIII-ro Kypca iiHoroKpacoHHo yace CKa3aHO fl-poai 
UlTeHHepOM b "Goethea Werke. Naturwiss enschaf tliche 
Schriften". Haflo tojibko hhtbti.: tbm CHCTeiia nayx, HCTeicaa H3 Hfleajimoro 
"m o h o c a", menirrCH b flyajiiHOH TpanauHU, paapeinaeTca b pluralia onti- 
tob, hto6 co6paTiCH b rpaaauiiKi: — noHO-flyo-nJiiopajiiHyio. 

3to B033peHne Ha CHCTeiiy B033peHHH oTBenaeT, kohchho, cjiobbm... 3mhjihji 
Meraepa: "Heo6xoflHsio ycaoim. ce6e... noaiHBeniie iaio- 
My-TO KOHCpHrypauaoHHOMy 3 a k o n y b coieiaHiK if o h h 3 11 a, 
nyajiH3iia h n jim p a jih 3 m a"*. 

Hjih cjiosaii — Toro we Smhjihh MeTHepa: 

"Mohh3M, fly a JIH3M h n ji 10 p a ji h 3 11 — n p h m h p e h bi"**. 

Hjih — omrrb-TaKH — TeM ace cjioBan see Toro ace... 3mhjihh MeTHepa: 

"Ciiiiajiian t p e 6 y e t oco6chboio KpaiHiecKoro cone- 
UBifl HJiiopajiHSMa, flyajm3sia H MOHHMia"***. 

TaK KaK mm noKasajin c aoctbtohhoh hchocti>k) coieTaeifOCTb Tpex ajieiieH- 
tob b rpaaaifHH fl-pa ID/ieHHepa, a TaK KaK coHeTaeiiocTb aiy onpenejueT 
Ham aBTOp, KaK chmbojuum, mbi flOKa3ajiH TeM, cbmbim, tto CHMBOJIH3M b Ayxe 
asTopa npHcyTCTByeT y A-pa DlTeHHepa: pyGpmca "cnuBOJimiia" — HCHep- 
nana sthm. 

IIoHeMy ace 3mhjihh MeTHep He noTpyAHJica ycaoHTt n3JioaceHHOH CHCTeMbi 
B033peHHH, KaK OHa KOHKpeTHO HSJioateHa b npeflHCJiOBHax k reieBiiM 
"Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften"? 

HiieHHO noTOMy, hto ohb npiuioaceHa k TeTe: Tere ace A-p IITreHHep... — 



§ 80. A-p U1T6HHBP m TeTe 

— ...BKpaBb TojixyeT h bkoci.; o6opoHaeTca npn noMOimi TeTe; 
■ — npHHHacaeT oh TeTe; AapBHHH3HpyeT Tere; npa homoioh TeTe jioiiaeT... 
Kyjn>Typy, BCKaacaeT jihk TeTe TeococpcKHMH HoacHHuaMH; onepnpyer TeTe 
B CHHMaeT Sejruia — c "c h h e - k a p h x" rjia3 TeTe; nprncptiBaeTCa iinaianH 
TeTe; ho Tepnm cpnacKo: c HjrraTaMH TeTe eiiy He CHacTjmBHTca; h, noHHiiaa, 
hto myTHT c oraea*, co CBOHCTBeHHOH eiiy jiyKaBon MyApocTBio, AeMaroniHec- 

KOH, KaTOJIHHeCKOH, yBepTJIHBOH, HOHyjIflpHOH HpHHHMaeTCfl o6opOHHTI>Cfl OT 

TeTe, 3anoAa3pHBaTb TeTe, OTpaqaTb y TeTe cso6oAy h t. a- Hnneiiy oh He 
Hay<mjiCH y TeTe, itajio hto ypasyMeji; 6e3AHa Meatfly TeTe h hm: tohck 

COnpHKOCHOBeHHH C HeBHflHMblM MHpOM B OKKyjIbTHbie KJIJIKCI.I He paSMaSblBBJI 

TeTe; He acecTincyjnipoBaJi, He fleiuiaMHpoBaJi. TeTe 6bi ot Hero OTsepHyjica. 



* Pol". 69. 
•• Por. 266. 

••• Por. 190. 



147 



§ 81. fl-p UItsmh«P m MaTHap 

Hjih o6i>flCHeHHH "icjanteHHi" Aajui mm aBTopy cjiobo: oh 

Hail OTBeTHJI. 

Orroro-TO Ha Bceai npoT«»eHHH khhiw (ot nepBofi h no nocjieAHefi CTpa- 
hhiq>i) HiieeT liecTO KaprHHa: — 



AaTop: 

"HI t e h u e p He noaoapeaaeT 

O B03M0 K HO CTH XpiIlHCC- 

Koro m e xaHH UH3na"*. 



JJ,-p HI t e h h e p (ABaAiiaTHJieraeM 

paHee): 

"PiflOM c auniipHHecKOH 

m e xauii koh... cymecTByeT 

iiexaiiHia paiiiOHajitHai, 
KOTOpaa, bcxoai... 13 npi- 
poAU MexauiiecKix ocho- 
Bonojioneaii, a priori bli- 

BOffDT H e o6x OflHM OCTfc 3a- 



A b t o p: ,1^-pIIlTeHHep (ABaAifaTHJieTHeii 

paHee): 

"H vcr b b ii a y t y h ji h A p y - "M H p oGlRCHllOT He OCIfblC- 

ryio nnoiesy, iacio, tot hjih jiHBaBHCM (peaoiieBOB mpa, 

A p y r o fi mcioa, on b c e Bpeua ho Bocco3AauHeM o 6 p a 3 a 

A y m a e t 06 OAH011 3 a a a h H h: achctbhb, hjih noBiopeuH- 

o6*HCHHTi»"***. ev...B onuie"'*". 



A b t o p: 



^- p III 1 e h h e p: 



"Oahh coBpetieHHbiH yneHiiii, Pierre 
Duhem... o6paiqaeT BHHMaHHe Ha to, 

MTO (pH3HHeCKHBt 3aKOH, TOBOpH TOI- 

ho, hh sepen, HH JioaceH, a npH6jHI3H- 
TejieH"**"*. 



"HeKOTOptie d)H3HKH CHHTajOT, HTO 

ohh He BJiarawT b noHirrae iioabhjk- 
hoS uaTepHH HHKaKoro BtixoAHmero 
H3 npeAeJioB ontrra CMticjia"... "Ohh 
npeACTaBJiaiOT co6oh ran nopMajLb- 
hoto ecTecTBOHCntrraTejiH coBpeiieH- 



*Por. 133. 

**GNS. I Band, LXXlR Goethe, der Kopernikus und Keppler der organis- 
chen Welt. 

**• Pol". 133. 
••••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 299. 

Por. 134. 

...... GNS jV Band, E. A. VHI, IX. 



148 



ABTop: 



^- p nixeBBep: 



"OcuBicjnrBaeT ace Boo6iqe Bcmcaa Te- 
opna h Bcer^a tch, hto npenapapyeT 
npapoay corjiacHO onpeaejieimofi 3a- 
flaie"*. 

AsTop: 

"KaK npenapaTopBbiH Heron, Baaten 

B qCHeH 3BOJDOUHOHH3M. Ba^en. ace 

b Hen o&tHCHeHHe iioateT jmnna y>i 
xpaiiHe HenpnTH3aTejiKHbiH"***. 

Asiop: 

"fljIH (pB3BKB "HCTHHa" TO, HTO HOMO- 

iaeT en OBJiaAen> cpB3B<tecRBii un- 
poii" 



"Mticjib MoaceT 6j>rri> npaBHJi&aa 
b CBoefi o6jiacTB; 3to He AOKa3tiBaeT... 
ee Bceo6mefi 3Ha*niMOCTB"**. 



|D(-p MTeiEcp: 

"Hflea o npeflMeie onbrworo ac- 
cjie/joBaHHH, ecjm oaa nepecTynaeT 
npeAMeT 
ae HMeeT 



TO HBKaKOB 3HaMHMOCTH 



JJ- p IQTeBBep: 

"OflHO — Ba6jiKiAaTi> ^eficTHBH npa- 

pOAbl, HTo6bI CBJIM BX o6paTBTb 

Ha cjiyateHne TexHHKe; flpyroe 

C BOMOUQMO AeBCTBHH npOHHKaTb 

b cymec-TBo npapoflHofi aeareni.- 



Anop: 



^- p ntTenaep: 



"EIpH noaoma tpaHTacTBHecKoa MaTe- "OflHO — itaTepaa, kbk peajiuiaa oc- 



pBB... uayKa cosepmaeT nyneca a cbo- 
efi oGjiacra' *. 



Hoaa BBjieHHB; apyroe — KaK... HBJie- 



Hae 



,»*•****** 



Ot nepBoa b flo nocjieAaea CTpaaain.! a 6m iior npoajunocTpapoBaTb 
B03paaceHBH aBTopa A-py UTreaHepy UBTaTaMB H3 A-pa IQTeaHepa. 

B CBoeif npeaacjioBBB x HI Toaiy H3AaBaeiu>ix nil "G oethes Werke. 
Natu rwis 8 ens ch af tliche Schriften" «-p IIlTeBHep npeAynpeamaeT 
HJixaTejia: — 

— '3 to iBegeaie supocjio y B3AaTeJiH b 3 r ji y 6 o - 
kob nyxoBHOi noTpe6uocTH. 3aHHTHfl <pa3BKOH h iiaieua- 



•Por. 


135. 












**MnKG. n. 












***p r. 


135. 












••••GNS. 


I Band, Goethe tritt 


fur 


die Rechte der 


Krfahrung 


ein. 


LXXIV. 


•••••Por. 


120. 












••♦•••GNS. 


ffl Band, VII. 












•••••••p r. 


TeTB H dlHSHKa". 












••••••••GNS. 


BI Band, XV. 













149 



utoi — ero ompaBBii 1011a; npoiiBopein b c o b p e - 
iieBHon CHCieve B033pennfl Ha npiipo/iy... npaaejiB ero 

K KpHTH ie CKO My H C C JI e fl O B a H II K> MCTOflO JIOIBieCKHX OCHO- 

BonojioxeHHB 3toh cicicMti... ero leopeiiiKo-noiBiBa- 
lejiiBui in t y fl h y m eiiy BCKptui ocaoiy ihotix 3a6jiy«Ae- 
Hii",, H aajiee: "fl y k a t i. nay mho.,. aeipy«Ho"*. 

Cboh paccxaa 06 3. (p. TapTMaBe, xpnTBHecxB ce6a caMoro yan<rro- 
»BBmeu nofl ncesAOHHMOM, npsBeAmeM b BOCTopr AapBHHHCTOB h nocjie 
OTKptiBineM cboh xpHTHiecKHH nceBAOHHM c 3aueHaHneM, «rro ace B03paateaBJi 
3tb yaxe nptftauflfiabi km" — 3tot cboh paccxaa fl-p IHreHHep aaxJnoiaeT 
cjiobbmh: — 

"fl OBOflbl, npHBOflHMbie npOTBB MOHX nOJIOXCHli, 

mbc HeipyABO 6biJio 6bi npasecTB ce6e caiiOMy"". 

A b "Geheimwis sens ch aft"" (b npeoBCJiOBBH) oh Bail roBo- 
pirr: — 

"C TOHKH SpeHHfl <pB JIO COtp CKOH... M O T y T BinpiBITIi 

■ neciayn ipnaxy npoiiB stob khhth. IIo npoiieBii ee 
cp n ji o c o (p nor 6 bi c k a 3 a t b: "CoBpeueBByio leopiio 3 a a h b h 
31 HH1TO, ffOJIKHO 6 M T b, ciBiaci BBiop?3Haei JIB OB o c y - 
utecnoBaHBi Kama, 3 h a e t jib ob, hto nocjie Kbbti h e a o - 
nycTHMbi noflo6Hbie y tb epw «e aaa?"... Ho BoiciiHy: uoxao 
3 b a t b, x a k b CHbicjie Kaaia r p a h h 14 bi bo3mobboio n 3 h a - 
bibii 3 a e c b oepeiACBu; b xax b chucjic Tep6apTa 371 
ffOKipiaa noxnaJiacL 6bi "aaHBUbiM pea jih3hom... b noie- 
iiy coBpeiieBBUB npariiiig3H ^xeiMca, jUnjijiepa b a p. 
ynpexaJi 6 bi 3iy flOKipany b nepexofle e fi onexeBaBuux 
rpaaei... hoxbo aHaii sto see, H b c e - t aKH, b onp e kh sceiiy 
3iony, a a ace... no3iouy ibcbbo, aa co6ob npi3Baib npaao 
Haaican noffoGnyw KBBry"***. 

Heyacejm 3Ta innaTa ae 3acTaBBT Bmhjthh Meraepa 3aAyMaTbCH bba CBoea 
xpHTBHecxoB "npbrrbio"? Be«b ero jichtmothb uanaAeaHH (popiiyjiHpyeji cjio- 
BaMB, HorymBiiB otbocbti>ch k sexy: — 

— "B o 3 b 11 e it cjieAyiomee: 6 bui 
b Fopjiaiie canoatHHK, no ivem Srob Bene. 3ioi canon- 
bbk, no BBeHB Hkob Beiie, HaynHJicB canoiKHoity peiiecjiy... 
IIpeAnoJioxBM, mo stot canoxHBK, no h m e b b Hkob Bene, 
n p b m e ji 6 bi b c k a 3 a ji: "fl xenepi x o h y nociioipeit, xaxosa 
EOHCipyxiiBi iiBpa. IIo-m oeny, b ocbobiebi vapa jiexai... 
(pop Ma. Ha ipopuy aai-xayjiB o An a at am inposyio Koxy. 

B3XJIB MHpOByW HTJly B MHpOBOH KOpeHb M B p O B O K> H T JI O HI 

CBasajiB c MHposoB k hc e k>. B3hjib mpoByw Baxcy, buhbc- 



*GNS. HIBaiid, IV. 
••GNS. Ill Band, VI. 
••♦Cp. OT. 14, 15. 



ISO 



Tmjih mpoioi canor. Tax o6iichiio c e 6 e a, o t h e r o a a e a 
Oieuio; 3to 6jiaciaei Miposai canoiEai saxca. A tcoi^a 
OKt k aeiepy noipuia H3ae ctkoh... 60 jiee oua He 6jieciHi. 
Tax ito, fl y m a ro 1, XTO-Bi6ynb hoilio 3 a h h t 3 a b o b o h h c t - 
ton canor a"... OpeAnojioxaH, Hkob Bene Tax 6 m asji 06*- 
XCBCHHe... 3 a — Bbi ciieeTect. Hkob Eeue He nociynui Tax... 
Ho rmoTeiHieciie "Hx obm Bene"... cymeciByiOT Hbiue no- 
bch> Ay. Bbi BaxoAiic. ^isiioa, xihixob; ohi myiajiii 3a - 
lOHU pacnaffemi a coeAxaean HaTepm;ecTt — 3 o o ji o r a, 
iiyfiBmic... omcaHie jkbbothmx... Ohh loiopn: npp co- 
OTauieHiH Mxp obo 33p eHHa 6epyT aaxoHbi, isyiaeiiue 

■ XX MHO, <pH3HKe, <pH3BOJIOrHH; flpyiHX 6bITI> He MOSd, 

— a Ha hhx xoHCTpyxp y mt obi B3TJIXA Ha Hip. Ohi npauo 
Tax nocTynawT, xax nocTynui... rinoieniecKii Ham ca- 
noxHxx, n oct poBBinxa vxpoioi cbob canor. Beni, rpoxecx 
— — 061HCHHT1. oijiane flHH a hohb... Baxcoio... C tohxh 
ipema bcthhhob JioriKi oSmcEeiie saioHan o)i3iki, 
6aojioraa, ipuiojioni, iiapoBoro cipoa — b ipixiiine to 
X e. BoacTHHy to ace. 3io — lyAOBiiqioe opeiosieceiie 
ip h 3 a k o b, xaiiaxoB, (pB3aojioroB, Shojioiob, acejiaioiiiHX o c - 

IlBITlCa IOJI1KO (pBSBKBMB, XIHIiaill, <p B3BOJIOraMH 7 

6aojioraiiB — b b to xe Bpeiix xejiaiouiBx paccyacaaTi o... 
nape' 1 ... a t. a-* 

YBaxaeiudi avrop yBH^eji 6&1 a b npaBeAeHHoa naTaTe "upoBoi 
canor" TeococpBB, xax yBBAeji oh b (pajiococpcxa HaymoB noaauaa A-pa 
mreaHepa (xcraTH — bm He B3yieHuo3) "iipoaoi canor" OKxyjibTB3Ma. 



§ 82. TiiaaKH ga nanKM" 

fl BcxpbiJi: noHaraa KpaTHUB3Ma y asropa a y A-pa nXreaHepa; 
a ax — cooTHec. 

MoHOJiBTHOcri. "teopn" 3BaHBH pacTBopeHa y aBTopa b cityTH&ie xan- 
pa3u TeHAeHuaa; x xpaTanecKoa ttue othochtch aBTop He xax crporaa 
xyAOXHHK noHHTBa: xax "BynAepitHHA", Sepyinaa Ty Teay npa noifoiaa 
AOTOnraoro "t p e a o ji o". 

HanaAenaa nponaxTOBaH&i He pa35opoM, a "x p a x o m"; "x p a x" hiioaht 
"xpiBoiojix a"; "k p a b o t o ji k a" cnjieTaioTCH b jiaGapaHT: no jia6apaHTy 
MCTaeTca pa3Apaweufle aBTopa — ae xpaTaxa, a — rjryxo cTeHaioioaa... 
MaHOTasp, ama CBOea acepTBu; xpanaxa pa36opa B033peiiBB coctobt b3 
aajiioceHMcax Tponoiex: 3Aeo, iaaimeT, 3Aec& xojn>HeT, 3Aeci> b3aoxhct ysanca- 
eaDbrif aBTop: BoaayTHrca, BocxjiBKHer; a BtmycTBT — xp&uiaToe cjiobo. 

•MuKG. 



151 



Bee TOJIbKO TpOnOHKM; TpOBOHKH BblTexaiOT H3 TponOHKH II BTCKaKVT 
OIUTb-TaXB B TponOHKH: HB OflBOH mBpOKOB TpOffi.1 H BB 0«HOH OCTBHOBKB; 6e3 

nepeAbanxB, 6ea OTouxa hocbtcji yBawaeitbia aaTop no 3(pej«epHOMy ropoay 
6ea yjoiu, 6ea njioujaAa; a iijioaht xpaBOTOJixfl — 6ea nepeAbmncB, 6ea oTfltixa; 
BbipacTaioT mhothc cothh; pacieT Jia6npHHT; b hbm Bejo>3H He 3any-taTbCH 6ea 

apaOABHHOB HBTB. 3Ta HHTb ODICBBie: 3KCn03HUBB pa36opa B033peiIIIB; 

b bobcc OHa — ae pasfiop: pa36op npeflnojiaraeT B033peHae; ho B03apeHaa 
y asropa hot: ecn» npocTO 3peiuie, npocro rjias: b rjiaa — "rjiaaai". 

Baas saxoyjioiex, aneHyeBbrii "aKpBTHiBOcti fl-pa HI t e a h e - 
p a", HeAoyxeBaemb Hesojiuio: aaxoyjionex, pa3 Ha<iaBmBCb b p*Ay saxoyjiOH- 
kob ("oKKyjn.TB3i«", "mohbsb", "cxeiiaTBaii" a t. a-)> TOTHac see onflTb npona- 
flaeT — b pafly aaxoyjuraxoB: "accepiopia m", "ciHipeiis m", "a a p - 
HHiaa"!!, fl.; oh — anajiH b bbx; b BbWJieHHTb ero TpyoHO, xax no<rra 
BeaosMOKHO hto-jib6o BbraJteHHTb B3 rpaHAHOSHoro MecBBa ncaxoJiora^ecKax 

TOHKOciei4, KpHBOTOJiKOB, BocKJDtqaHHB b JiyneaapHocTea nOCJieflHHX no 

agpecy Tere; SesMHTeatHocib jiasypa — b BaxopMCB, Baxopbxa, Baxopbxa, 
Boogy iteTyisae nbnn> no TbicHHaii 3axoyjiOHKOB — npanyflJUiBbix, 3araaroo6- 

pa3BbDC B OflHOpOflHbLX B 3BT3arC 

Knara aBTOpa — aaTepaa oieHb cipamioro copTa, xanpasiiaa... Aaiicxax; 
o Taxoa MaTepan CKaaaao — oauob Aaaoa: "<Ioh rojxy6oa a lepea 
nojiocxy see raasRi a a jianxx, rjia3KB a a jiiiii, rjia3Kn a a 
ji a n k a..." (MepTBbie pymn)**. 

IlepecHBTUBBTb, pa3oapaTb 3TB "r ji a 3 k h fl a nanx h", snavrt k nepBO- 
My Tony "PaaMbinuieHBH o r e t e" a a t b noApoGHeHmaa KoinieaTapBB, 
npeBbnnaiounfB XHBry pas b aecBTb; 3to 6biJio 6bi cxyrao: Han a... «nrraTejiK>. 
Mu noxaaajni iBTaTejuo ara "r ji a 3 k a a a jianxi" ucxny nojiocKaMB <poaa 
b npeflejiax: ftsyx py6pax, ae 6ojiee; 3Toro flocTaxoiHo; MBTaTejib Han BepBT: 
Bee oobbhchbb — "rjiaaxa", hju. "nanxa". HanaAeaafl xapaKTepa30Bajia 
b flByx ceneHHHx Mbi: b nonepeHBOM, b npo/joJibHOM; to ecTb, mm pa3o6pajia: 
Kan BananaeT Bam aBTop rycrbiMB KOJioiniaiiii, CKOHi^eHTpaposas bx b oTAejib- 
hob rjiaae (b sonpoce o (paaaxe); b — xax aana^aeT oh: <ppoHTajn>Ho pacrxHy- 
tob uenwo — ot nepBofi rjiasu no nocjiejxHeB (b Bonpoce o "x p a t b u a 3 m e"). 
Hto6w HBTaTejn, ae ynpexaji aac b npaABpnasoB MejiOHHOcra (6bnb ae 
MejioHHMM TpyflHO, aHajrHaapyfl xoarjioaepaT Mejioiefi), Mbi opaeuTapoBajia 
06a Hama pas6opa ("rjiaaox a Jianox") Boxpyr eflHHOro ueHTpa: OTHOine- 
hbh fl-pa DlTeaHepa x HaynaoMy MBpoB033peaaio coBpejieHHOcm. 

AaTop no y ataca xaoTBtea; npa scea xaoTBHaocTa aBTOp TajiaHTJiaB a ryr, 
m Bonpoce o "xpHTBUHSMe". Aaiop — 6ap« "xpaTBHecxoa (pajiocotpaa"; aepnee 
ee Tpy6aflyp; OTnomeaae ero k aefi — OTaomeHae x IIpeKpacaoB ^aiie, Mbi 3a 
3TO MoxeM ero acxpeHHe noxsajiaTb, OTBJiexaBCb ot acex ero xnuepaqecKHx 
npeACTaBJieHaa o «-pe mTeaaepe. B cbobx caMnaTaax x TeopeTBK0-no3Hasa- 
TeitbHOB Mbicjm oa cxoABTtCB c A-poM IIZTeaHepoif; no TOJibKo: "caMnaTaea" 
a "cTpemieHaea" x BaaecrHOMy crpoio Mbicjiea ae orpaBHiajicH A-p UlTeHHep, 
a — AaJi Ban ctpofi ifbicjia: c b o Kt Teojpaio 3HaEna HJieHO-paaAejibHO otpopmui 
oh; 6yAeM aaAexTbCH: "caimaTaa" a "cTpeMjieima" aBTopa, 6yAeT AeHb, fla 

152 



otpopMJrrca — "y h e h h e ji"; noKa "y i e h h h" net, asxop — AoopoacejiaTeju. 
■ jurpmc: Teopaa 3iiaHBH. 

KaK flOCTOHHCTBO ycTpeMJieuaa (parypupyeT AaJiee caunaTBH K "KOH(pnry- 
paipiOBBbiu 3aKOHaM" njnopo-Ayo-uouH3ua; as-rop Ao6poHtejiaTe.ni. a Tyr; A-p 
nhe&Hep h Tyi: abct 3aKoiu>i rpaAaium; onepHBBaeT rpaaainiOHHyio npeAcrraB- 
jueiiocTi., o6ycjiOBJieHHyx> Meraiiopcpoaoii no3uaHiu; b cropoay rpaAauHOHHoii 
Meraitopfpoabi nojiycosHaTejiiiio npaaaT wjth aBTop; ho 6poax aeTxax aor- 
mbtob abbiit: nepnaer ero Hejm. B Mapoomy uremia a b TOHajuHocra Bocnpa- 
araa nepepoc BOHcmBy aBTop aeTxoro lejiOBeKa b ce6e, ho uchoh oGBeTinaaaa 
ero impOB033pirrejiMH.ix AomaTOB. MapoomyujaioiipiB Meraep uecoasuepaiio 
BMine n MHpOB033pBTejifl n — Meraepa: 3tot nocjieAHaa — "HaasHbia sosapa- 
Tejn,": Kan-ro-B033paTejii.; "HOBoe bibd" b ueii He MoaceT b3ohtb; (parypupyeT 
y Hero xuioxaa npoexipu aHTponococpHHecRax bsimihaob Ha neTanop<p03y 
n03HaHaa — nyraHOii npeACTaBJieuaa o "bosmowhoctb mux KpaTai^asifOB"; 
npeACTaBJieaae aro b AomaTBHecica crapbix Mexax jibiih. AocaaHoe "oKacjie- 
HHe" bhhb HOBoro TBopnecrBa. 



rnABA nflTAfl 

CBETOBAH TEOPMH rETE 

B MOHO-flyO-nJUOPAflbHblX 3MBJ1EMAX 

§ 83. $M3HOflOrHH«CKafl CHCTBMB 

nepaoABHecKaa cacreMa xaMBnecKax ajieiieHTOB orKpBisajia bo3- 
MoacBOcn. a priori npeACKasbma-n. cynjecrBOBaHae HeoTKpbrri.ix seiqecTB, fla- 

B8H HX <|>H3HKO-XHMHHeCKyK) XapaKTepBCTHKy; BeiqeCTBa BnOCJieflCTBHB 61.IJIH 

BaBoeau h c npeACKasaaaeM coBnaAajm. 

TpaAai^Bfl" fl-pa fflTeaaepa OT-KptmaeT bo3mobchoctb uaM mbicjibtb 
BomoxHbie 3«i6jieMaTHKH; OTCyTCTBHe nx b uameo nncajie Teopaa bocbt 
CJiyiaBHua xapaKTep. Cyiisia we scex 3ii6jieMaTHK b hx TeKynecTH ocBeineBaa 
b cmbicjiob o6pa3yeT BOHcmHy aoByx), jierxoaoryio (pnjioco<pHio, o xoTopoa mbi 

MOXeif CKa3HTB, HTO B BeS HeflOCTaTOHHO MBICJIBTB: B BCB UaflO MBICJIBTB 

pBTMBHecKB. IlepBaH necHb o aea nponeTa — nponeTa OHa... 3apaTycrpofi l . 

CaeTOBaa Teopaa TeTe — oabb airfSjieiiaTHKa: aiiGaeiiaTBKa npa noMoaxa 
npaaifbi; (pH3HOJioni«jecKaH 3M6jiei(aTHRa, noAoGaaa Teopira Teie, BOSMoacaa; 
b — flonycTHMa: <pB3aojiorB8 obtbkb, pasBBBuaaa, KaK HexaaaKa, opeoji... 
Teopaa nyjrtcoB. 

B ueaTpe 3tob cacTeiiM, noAo6aaa rnnoTese KOJieSaaaa, eroHJia 6 ranoTesa 
nyjibCOB; nyjiBcaimji kdobb HBJiajiacB 6bi oG^acaeaaeii HBoroo6pa3na k aea 
cboabmbix BBJieaaB; B3yHajnt cb 6bi Tyr — a pBTMBi nyjiBCauaa, a apajniB a otjthb 
xpoBB k opiaaaM HyBcra; ynpaxaeaae ctohjio 61,1 b ueHTpe; pa3BBB8JiacB 6bi 
BJiacTBKa npoa3BOJu.ui.ix pbtmob nyjiBcanaa b OBJiaaeaae pbtmbmb; ycKopeaae 
b 3an.epacKa amxshbh conpoBoxcAaJia 6bi njiacTHKy; KpoBoo6paujeHae, ctoh 
b ueaTpe, BBAoaaMeaaJio 6bi aaii: ABrxaaae, 3peaae, CJiyx; cpeaoMeaBi cy6i.eKTHB- 
aoro 3peHHH BaynajiBCB 6bi boa bobbim yrjioii; Bcni>anKB csera b rjiasax B3y*taJiacB 
6bi b OTHomeHBB k 6aeBBio cepoqa; a 3aKom.i AaBJieaaa xpoBB, o6ycjioBJiHBan 
— acKpu b rjia3ax, noJiarajiacB 6bi ochobhbtmb saKOHasia cseTa; cseT cepAeiBBrii 
b 6biji 6bi tjt — cseTOM ; cepAue aame, bctohhbk scex BcntuneK, nojiarajiocB 6bi 
cojnmeu; a b cojuiue 6 mm BBAejra: npoeKiraio cepAQa; cojuiefuaa cacTeiia Bosue 
CTOHJia 6bi nepeA nana npoeKimea KpoBeHOcaoa cbctcmbi; a cseTOBBie nyHKB 6bijtb 
6 aaii — KaBBJUUipaiiB. CoBepimuiacB 6m npoeKiraa Te Jia sue Tejia; b b MaxpoKoc- 
ae 6 mbi BBAeJia: Suouibb nyjn,caMa opraaasH. B RaaeMaTBRe, AaaaHBKe, cTaraite 
npoexuBH uamefi cbctcmbi pacoaajia 6bi dynamis, KaK hbm bcaombib bm- 
n y ji b c, to ecTB, KaK n y ji b c, nepeaeceaabia BOBiie; aaepreTaxa 6buia 6 a u - 
nyjiBcau.Be a; Map 6bi ABaraJica HitnyJiicoM orpoMHOro cymecTBa. 

154 



Heiero npaSaBJian., «rro noAo6Haa (paaaojioraH b ueHTpe CTasmia 6 ontrr: 
He BBBacexinno, He pa3pbiB a yifepinajieHae opraBB3iia, a uayneaiie scasymero 
opraHHatia, .AeficTByMiqero a npoH3BOjn.HO MeBaioinero caMyio aiexaHaxy ape- 
tmfl, cjiyxa, abDcamu a nyjn>caaaa xpoaa; aeiero npa6aBJurri., <no npaKcnc, 
iioao6bub oHepMCHHOMy, aaii othbctb h abb: b ontrrax MOHamecxoa ihkojim; 
a b — acre: axcnepajteBrajibBaa cpB3HO-iiCHXojiorBa b aoie coflepatarcH. 

Buji 6w B03MOXeB a paA Apyrax 3ii6jieMaTBK. 



f 84. 0H3MOf1OrH3ai4M11, <t>H3MKaitHSI 

XapaKTepacTBKa cbctoboh reopaa TeTe fl-poM DlTeHHepoii ecTi> 
rpiflai(Bi MBoroo6pa3HH Aonycraubix tyt Tonex; neTa$B3Bxa cBeTa, asTO- 
poK ae OHepieHHaa, He iieTacpaaaxa co6cTBenHO, a rpaAaaaa. B rpaAauaa 
xapaxTepaayea imp maaa; A-p MTeaHep hbm rosopHT: — "E c ji a 
6 xto-jib6o a 3 «ecinocin A iiae 6, KHByneiiy b B, nocJiaji 
Teaerpaiiiiy, to iorna 6m see to, hto... npanuio 6m mhc aa 
pyx a, 6es ociam bocctbjio 6 m b B. Tejierpa<pacT mo- 
Abtcb b B;a nimei oh Ha 6 y a a r e, h, h x o r a a b A He 6 bi b m e a 
lepuiJiaHi, He Gubidhiiii b A; can oh A coBepmeuuo He 
3aaei...; xopoTXO roBopa, vosao Hue ce6a y6e«HTi> ( iio 
Jieacam.ee n p e a o meoh n p h 6 mji o He a3 A. Ten He m e h e e: b c e, 
BoccTaBmee b B, ajih conepwaHiii — paaHoiuaiBO... Y rc- 
hhi ce6e... coAepacaHae leJierpaHiiw, a oi B... OTBJiexaiocb. 
Tax o6ctobt... c iiapoa rjiaaa'". 

Paajioaty npaaiep c Tejierpaiuaoio Ha 3Tam>i carHaJiOB b ocBeuieHaa mo- 
HO-Ayo-nJuopaJibHOB rpaAaHaa; pa3JioaceHae a npoBeaeHae ckbo3i> rpaAainno 
He npopaGoxaHO mhob; sto ecu. jaiim. HaueK Ha BoaMoatnoe ocBeioeHae cseTo- 
bob Teopaa Ttrse rpaAasaea A-pa IHieaHepa. Bee nocjieayiomee tojibko Tax 
npaHBHaeiio. 

PasJiaraa npaaiep c TejierpaiiMOB Ha 3Taiibi CBiHajios, Busty a bo3hobchocti> 
AByx npoTBBonojioaiibix nyTea; nepsbrii nyn»: Tejierpaiuia nocjiaHa MHe; nyn> 
BTopoa: a irono Tejierpaioiy; b cepeoaue nepBoro — ^iiiKami; ipuio- 
jiora3ai(Ba — b cepeflHHe BToporo; opraHB3M, iiexaHB3ii Tyr — aanpaBJie- 

BHH; CailOCTOHTejEbHOB 3HaHHMOCTB OHB He BlieiOT. 



§ 85. r«T6B CBOT B H TeM3Me" 

Ilepabia nyn>: cpaaBKauaa:... — 

— 1) nijuouniB Mne aa A Tejierpaai- 
ary aaeeT b ce6e coAepacaHae TeJierpaiiifM; coAepacaHae sto bocxoaht b HeM, 
xax bocxoabt 3apa HaA mtjibctoio iiecTHOCTMo: no 3axoBaH, BJioaceHHMM b "fl"; 



* GNS. m Band, XXVED. 

1SS 



HaA-UHAHBHAyajibBoe "fl" npeAonpegeJiseT "fl" jmiaoe; socxoAfflnai nafl 
jieeoM sap* paBHO coaepuaeua: mhom h mjnoutmi MHe Been, o aape; BCHKoe 
coaepxaane b 3tom CMbicjie ecn. 3apeBoe: oflBHaKOBO bhhthoc b A, KaK ibB; 
Hafl-HHAHBHflyajn.Hoe bchkoh secra — b toh, hto Been. noHBaiaeMa OAHHaKoao: 
BecTBBKOii h nojiyuioiinni Been. 

BecTHHK ecn. BecTHHK cseTa; secTBHX caeTa ecn> MHp; imp npocTupaeTCH 
npeflo mhoio: m ctohj nepea hhm; coflepacaHHe Miipa h iioe coflepacamie — abb 
coAepxaaaa; coflepataHHe MHpa auecTe c mohm coAep»amieM aojdkhm Kope- 

HBTbCB B TOM, TTO He H, <TTO He MHp, TTOObl MHp MOr 6bITb BeCTHHKOM. 3tO 

Tperte BHymaer MHe, hto y MHpa ecTt "fl", hto bo MHe — uejitm MHp, hto sapa 
Ta — Ayma, hto Ayma mob — sapesaa. IIpoHBJieuHe MHpoBoro "H" bo 
BceooiqeM bctb npoHBJieHHe b CBeTe; cBeTOBBie 3HaKH cyTb — universalia*, 
jieatautaa BHe MeHa; ycjioBHe bhhthocth CBcroBoro caraajia ecu. nojioxeane 
Bceo6in.ero cseTa bhb MHpa, b "fl" MHpa: "fl" h "csei" cyn> cahhctbo. 
B coeAHHeHHH caeTa h "fl" nocmraeTCB cxptnaa ocHosa BcejieuuoH; cbcthtcb 

— "H"; b paaopsaHHOH aaBecn CBeia orpOMHoe "fl" noflHHMaeTCH... — 

— no rpa- 
AaUHH r«e 3Aecb leHianiBoe — 

— canaa HenocpeflCTBeHHOCTb CBera Ha- 
cxBosit reiniajibna'. 

— Do rpa/(ai|HH A-pa IHreiiHepa nojioaceHHe CBera bo Bue 

— nojioxeHHe: universalia ante rem. 06jiacn> universalis — 06- 
jiacn. TOHa; toh — Hafl-3MnnpHHeH, Hafl-HHflHBHflyajieH; toh o-racpMBaeTca 
anea, b caoeS HenocpeACTBeHHOH hhctotb; oh He MeTOA odjopMJieHHH <paKros, He 
MnpOB033peHHe, He nepexHBaHHe BOBce; oh hchto ropHee; b iijiockocth Mnpo- 
BoaapeHHJi toh OTpaxaeTca apxmeKTOHHKOH nojioxemifl universalia; caM 
no ce6e hhctux toh — HaA-HHAHBHAyaJiuiaji Myabnta apep; cojimje, jiyHa 
a semi* nocTpoeHti tohom; cojiHije, jtvhb h 3eMJia — npoeiuiHH b bhahoctb 
TOHa; b TOHe y A-pa DXreHHepa Mbicjarrca mKparopencKoe hto-to; h cojnme 

— He cojnme 3flecb, a "8eo'i;"*; t e h 3 m — He a6cTpaKinis, a hhcto ssyHainaji 
C0JtHe«rH0CTb; B o6jiaciH hhctoto tohb TeH3M — remiajieH; coe/pra** rpaaaipuo 
TeTe c rpaaauHen A-pa IHreHnepa, mm HMeeM: — 

— reHHajifcHBiS iei3i. 
Cyn> ero HeyjiOBiiMa b a6cTpaKiora; cyTt ero yjioBHMa exopefi b reHHajibHOM 
OTpbiBKe H3 <DaycTa; toh — "npojior b h e 6 e"; hto Taxoe ecTb HHCTbrii toh 
b acnexre TeH3Ma, nycxb paccKaacer HaM — Jiyi, Becnaix tohb; h Pacpaaju., 
BecTHHK* Hac yHirr: 

Raphael. 

Die Sonne tont nach alter Weise 
In Bmderspharen Wettgesang, 
Und Due vorgeschriebne Reise 
Vollendet sie mit Donnergang'. 

1S6 



HacTbrii TeasM onpe^ejiHeM — -cojihCihuh xojou r p o m o b bi m; mm 
— cmhm rpoiiosbi: AeTH cseia; OTKpoBeKBe SoacecTBa CMOTpin cojmciHbiM 
jebkom; TeHCTHHecKaa pejiaraa CBera BoaHHKJia; Marrpa 7 ctobt nepefl hsiu. 

CBerosaa Teopaa TeTe b rpaaaipra Tere BOcnpiiHHMaeiia reaaeM MOJiHaeaoc- 
ho, BoaapirreJifcHO; cbct b 3tom iiecie rpaAauaa so3HeceH b neBynyio Mysbncy 
ccpepbi. IIojioaceHiie b ofijiacTB hhctoto tohb — BoenpaaTae cBeTa, KaK 

OTRpOBCBSB; CBCT TO, MTO OTKpblTO: OTKpblTOC JIBBO 6o»eCTBa B033pBJIOCb Ha 

nap. reTCB caeT — HeAeJunibrii, eAHHbrii — ecu. saop 6oacecTBeHHbra, oceBa- 
xrann reHaa: CBer — BOCCTaime Jloroca; cser — JionmecKBa cbct. IIoAJiBBBaa 
npapoAa CBeTa Jioraiaa; Jiornxa — cbct, BbMbniaKuinfH x hcbshh, Mapbi. 
CBeTOBaa Teopaa TeTe nojiaraeiia 3Aecb, KaK Hacreiiiiiaa, coKpoBeaaaa Jiorinca, 
yMoaaxjuoiaiouuia — MapaMa; KpacoiHocn. ecTb cTpyxTypa; paayra — norapo- 
emie mpi; cbct — aepao BeBoo6pa3iuioro irapa, b Mape aaM AaHHOM: nocipoe- 
HHe jiorHKB cseTa, — erpaHbi, rpfi a 6ya.y jkhti., KaK jioraHecKaa bhabbba: bot 
leu MOxeT 6brrb BocnpHjRHe TeTeBa CBeTa b hbctom t o b e t e a 3 m a. 



§ 86. r«T«B CBCT B TeMCTHMeCKOM OKKy/1bTH3M8 

i 

■ — 2) nLooinHii H3 A Tejierpamiy coflepacaaae ee nojiynaji; 
coAepataaae bchjibijio b aeii: nyx. comeji b Aymy; paaywao pacnBeTHJiacb 
nyina; coAepacamie Aynie npao6inaJiocb a crajio — Taxaif-To; Ayma OTiieTBJia 
conepxaBoie, kbx CBoe coAepacaaae; co^epacaaae — aymesaoe coAepacaaae. 
HIjiioujbb MHe H3 A TejierpaiiHy ecn> imp; coAepHcaaae caoe, "iMpoBoe", 
Teaepb OTAcnuiocb ot "cBtia"; OAymeBJUicx up a craji bo3hhkbti>, khk 
"caiio no c e 6 e"; BOCCTajia B3 xaoca MapoBaa Ayma*; aeaocpeACTBeaaocTb 
orxpuToro jiBKa cueaajiacb jibkom loipa; "boa m" MapcKae ayx OTAejuui ot 
boa AyxoBBO-ae6ecabix; aoAJnaabia jihk CBeTa saKpbuica, ciieaaacb o6pa30M 
a boaoGbcm b Mape CBeTaujero cseTa; cseT AymeBBbta, AocojmeiBbrii, CTaji 
Tenepb 3aacaraTbca; oa cbctbt bbc cojmna: nac co3Aauaa cojiaqa He npo6aji; 
a yac cbbt b Mape cbctbt: — 

— "H cxaaaa Eor:Aa 6yAeT cbci. H ciaji 

c b e t... H 6 bi ji Beiep,i 6 mji o yipoifleui. nepsui" (Bbrr. I, 3, 5). 

OGjiacTb Boaweaaa CBera ec-n. o6jiacTb pejiaraoaaoa chmbojibkb; hhc- 

Tbrii Testa*, BoenpaBHTbrit b aea, CTaaoBBTCa pejiaraosubm t e a 3 - 

mom... — 

— no ipaAanHB TeTe Mbi TyT mieeii: pejiarao3HO e... 

IlpOneCC B03- 

xeaaa cseTa pejiarB03eB no cymecTBy; ropeBae, Tenjio, njiaua xapaKTepa3yeT 
BoaweHne; caiioe ropeaae — cbmboji: coeABHeBae Aayx b o a a o: Mupa c HaA- 

MBpBblll. IlepeAO MBOB CTOHT MHp; fl CTOK) BpOTBB; B Mape ace B03BBKaeT 

Tenjio, oroHb, Abni; CBeHeaae, o6jibko; cbct cmotpht CKB03b 3to; caeTOBaa 
Teopaa b 3toh rpaaa aai< hbht: peJiarH03Byio cauBOjraKy cseTa; caiiBOJibi 
o6jie<ieHBa csera bo Tioiy a cyrb KpacKa; oGiacneHBe KpacoK — b oTKpoBeHHH 
pejiarao3BOii; t e a 3 m Tenepb — pejiaraoaabia t e a 3 m. 

157 



H coijibcho rpa/JiairHx «-pa IHreftHepa mm aojukhm ohvcthti. o6jiacTb 
HHCToro Toaa a Mnposyio flyray; acaaaTt: nJiauH, auh h Tenjio — nepeacHBamui 
BHe mchb npoTeKaromeS jkh3hh; universalia carHajiKaapyeT uae flyme- 
bbocthiih, oepexHBaHHflioi oyxa; can flyx Tenept cKptrc: "Seo'g" Tenept 
— b BecruHKax; BecTHHKH — HepapxBH; h pa/rvra Kpacox — hx cTenemi: 
tbk Hiieeu mm: — 

— ieicniecKii oxtyjimaH. — 06jibcii> MHpoomyme- 
hhh BHe MnpoB033peaiiJB uaioero o6%exTj»Ha, peajxuia; Haa-HHAHBHAyaJi&Hbrii 
t o h b 3 m ageo, AaeTCB b ceiiH KpacovHux npejiojuieHHHx; noAJiHHHax o6jiacTb 
3£ecb ecTB o6jiacTk peajibHOH chmbojihkh; b MHpoB033peuHH ara CHMBOJiBKa 
pa3Jioacn-rcji Ha aHARBHAyaJibHoe nepeacHBaime h oTBJieneHHoe uanajio iieTOAfci; 
ho eme HHflHBHflyajn.Hort> nepeatHBaHns: hct; nepeacHBamie — universalia; 
OTBJie<ieHHoe Haiajio h BOBce OTcyrcTByeT; to, ito mm na3biBaeM "ji o r h 3 - 
11 o m", h to, *rro mm uasbiBaeu "n c a x h 3 m o m", coeAHHeHbi b pejinniosHOH 
CMMBonHRe h onyiqeHbi b universalia. B universalia pa3birpajiacb 
AymeBHOCTb — BHe hbc pasbirpajiacb, h mm m,immi AyineBHoerbio k Haii 
npHTeicaioineH, OAyinesjuiflCb en, KaK BOSAyxoM: o&beKTHBHoe nepewHsaHHe 
irapa — craflHH enineTCKO-xajiAeHCKOH pejiarim. 

CoeflHaaB rpaAaipno TeTe c rpaAanHen fl-pa DlTefiHepa b pejiirioa- 

HO-OKKyJIbTHblfi T e H 3 M, MM HeBOJIbHO npHXOAHM K BOCnpHHTHH) KpaCOK 

BOKKyjibTHO nojioaceHHOu;B, hhtbh tckct H3 Hcaifai: "ecjin 6 y a y t 
tpexi b a m b, lai BarpHHoe, xax c h e r y 6 e ji k>" 9 , mi>i aojijkhm 
yacHHTb ce6e caityio npapoAy rpexa B3 Teococpas nepeacHBamiH "6 a r p a - 
h o c t h"; "c h e r o b o e", "6 a r p a h o e", "30J1070 e" 3Aeci. — MaTeitaTHKa 
o&beKTHBHeHunix nepexHBaHHH, BHe Hac npoTexaioiinix b rape. TeTeB cbct 
b 3T0H 30He — peJiBXHoaHO-OKicyjibTHaH MHfpojioreua caMoro C03ABHHH irapa, 

a OHMTfcl CHMBOJIM OKKyJTbTHOH peaJIbHOCTH. 



§ 87. r0T6B CB8T 8 TpaHCI4«HAeHTailM3Me 

— 3) IILiKuaHH irae H3 A Tejierpaumy coAepacaHae Tejierpaioibi 
nepejiojKHji b 6yKBeHHbix 3uaKax; boiijiotbji ero npn noiioinH Syiiam, nepHaji, 
pacywmax ycjiOBHOCTH o6o3HaHeHHH AymeBHbix; 3to 3Ha«niT: coaepacaHHe 
Ayina noJioatBJi, KaK Bein>, npeA C060S; bot oho — Ha Syiiare; cjiosa — hh- 
ABBHAyyMbi; imp coTxaji ce6e BHenniioio ipopiiy: MHoroo6pa3ae pa3AejibHOCTen; 
iiHoroo6pa3He Texyunix semea — aaBHe BoenpHHHTaH tpopiia; 3Ta cpopna 
— uaTepHB. 

Caer BOCnpHHjrr nojioxeHHMM b hvhktm; oh — bctomhhk npoBBJieHHoa 
kh3hh: oh CTaji CBeTHJiaMa; a^hk nepsbrii kohhhjich; naMajicB — AeHb neTBep- 
twh: — 

— "H c k a 3 a ji B o r: a a 6 y a y t c b e t h ji a Ha t b e p a a h e 6 e c - 
B01...H 6 bi ji seiep, h 6biJio yipoifleHi leiBepitii" (Btrr. I, 14, 

19 >- - 

— XapaKTepHo: miaHer eme He-r; ecTb — CBeTHJia; cseTHJia ace — jkh3hh; 

npecTOJibi secTHHKOB CBeTa — ctoht nepjeA b&mb; 4>h3hkh ueT; ecTb sui generis 

158 



Mera-ipHaBKa; BBABBBayajn»BO 3By«nrr ohb b aymax; BHABBH/iyajn>Hi.i b iiei 
■mob; cBeinjia cyn> cbctoih coAepacanaa; BHAnaBayajn>Hoe coaepacaime ecn> 
aaiajio BoccraBaa coanaxnu; co3HaaBe b arBxe: h corjiacHO rpaAauaa Tere 
MfeeM: aTivecioe; acrpojioraa — npaBHJia noseaeHHa a xociioce; Feres 
caer bcxoaht nJiaHCTHOio paayroa a r/je Khnrrep — Jia3yp&, Mapc — 6arpeu, 
■ rfle aojioro — Cojnuie; npeoBecTae wapoB033peaiu B03HaxaeT aaii b rep- 
mrMaiie; repateniaM — Ten3ii y we BeiHHbia: TpaucueuneBTiJiiiiui 

Kill. — 

— "Cjiobo Bone chuodijio b bisihic ctpepu k tbo- 
peHiio npapoAU... B naai a csete — oieu b cer o...,.q jiob o 
CBBToe CBi3oniJio b npapoay 13 caer a"*. 

Ilpapoaa aa csera — MBTepaa; oaa — aacxB03i> CBeTOaocaocn>; cseTOBtie 
caraajiu ate — KyacTBeBBMH aaTepaaJi. 

y <X>BJiOHa Jloroc HBJixeTCH: Bo-nepstix, aaepraea, to ecu, aoTeauaea 
6oxecTBa (tohom), ao-Bropbix, — c b a a 1. 10 (cbmbojiom) u a p a; a, B-Tperwix, 

— coTBopeauboi nocpeanaxoii** (nojiosKeinibiM TpaHcueHAeHTajH>ao); b stob 
craflHB can "Bedq" npaunMaeT TsapHyio, Benmyio, MejioBeKooSpaaayio <popay; 
Ahojijioh — cojiHetHbiH CBtrton; Ahojijioh — npoxo-Taa; cojmeiHMB caero4 
ace — npoTO-<peaouea 1< ; e/ntHCTBO pacxojioTO b flayx paaAejrbHO socnpauaTbix 
upepax; Ahojijioh onycxaeTCa as TomraecxoB ccpepii — c ToaaHecKoa jiapon 
b pyxax: ayabnca oroSpaxaeTCB b Mycaxaacxoif; ueTaiiopcpoaa a para — Bocn- 
paJRHH xb3hh; acB3H&, H3BBe B3BTas, Beinna; cbctobbh Teopaa nojiarae-rcH 
<pB3BaajibHo; a — nepejiaraeTCH b ohmtm; onbrr ein.e — pejiaraoa- 
HO-Hopajiea: xpacxa Teopaa enje SByMHT My3i>ixajtbHo; Kpaco«raocTj, — iieTa- 
Mopipoaa MejioAHH bhojijiohoboh Jiapu. 

Cbct nojioxea, kbk Beun>; cbct Tenepi, ecn. caeT cojnieHHMB; CBeTJioc-n. ero 

UejIOOBBHOCTb; MeJIOAHBHOCTfc, B3JIBTafl b Map, nepeHOCHT Hac ot nocTaace- 

hhs oxxyjn>TBOfo CBeTa k nocTHaceinno ero, kbk TpaHcueHfleHTaJEbHO Hasi 
ffaHHoro; cbct — cbctbjio: — 

— TpaacaeBAeHTajibBMH t e a 3 a. 

TpaBciieaneBiajiiBMi itirn noflBOflar k aaoity TOHaaay; nepe- 
jiaubniaeTCJi aejiOAHx itapa; b chm<J>obhb noflnHMaeTCa: Teiia BTopaa; k rojiocy 
cojraeHHOB necHB npacoe/niHHeTca: ronoc semia; apaH caera nponeTa; caei 
BbiBeJi xpacay; apaa thim Bavminci: TtMa yiacrByer b xpacxe. 

IlepeAOH cooTBercTByer: nepejiouy 3noxa; aeuju b cseTOHax — jiear- 
motbb sjuiBHCTBa; ero necaa: IIcExea 11 — b o6ojio<nte naTepaa; o c b o 6 o at - 
Utuut lie axe a — aaaaia MacTepaa; MBCTepaea npeflonpeaejieu iiac- 
iiuijv; TpancueHA eHT a JIB3B Teaaiia oh cifeHar; Tpa h cueH/ieH - 
TajifcBMB TeiiH pa3BBBaeTCH b mm CTBiecxaa H a t y p a ji a 3 m; npa- 
HXTae caera, xax Beina, OBajiexTawecxB paaBasaeTca b npaHa-rae: 
MHCTHiecxoro cien seiaea. Universalia nepejiaraeTCH b "res": 

— HaTypaJiasM loiHiiaei. 



* "Hermes Triamigiste''. Ha kbhth Jlya Menapa. 
** Cp. kb. C. Tpy6eipcoa. YioHHe o Jloroc*. 

159 



§ 88. I>TM CMT ■ H8Typaj1M3Me 

HaTypaJiEiMiieiBepiaH CTaAii: — 

— a) coaepxaHne Te- 
jierpamtM nepejiaraeTCH b tojihkb xejierpaipa: npapoAa GyKBeHHMx shbkob 
— npapoAa unea — ciienae-rca npapoAoa tojihkob — uneei npapoAfci; — - 

— b) coAepwaHBe ae- 
ccrca no TejierpacpHOMy Ka6ejno: TejierpacpHbiii Ka6ejn> ecn> "res"; Tejierpa<p- 
hmb Ka6ejn> — npapoAa: (pBJiococpaa npapoAM CTaaoBBTCa ecTecTB03HaHHCM 
b HameM cjiuwie; — 

— c) coflepxamie Te- 
jierpaimu aocnnaeT B a nepeBOflirrcH b 6yKBbi: universalia 6eperca H3 
res; neat npapoAoa b Bairn crpojrrca moct; npapoAa nocTaraeiia BOJiea: 
BOJiiOHTapHSM; npHHHTOe b B coAepataHHe TejierpaMMbi aaHepraHO b Tep- 

MHHaX BOJtB. 

06jiacTh iHCToro iohi sat MHpoomymeHBB b cmmcjiob — Haa-BH- 
flHBBflyaja,Ha, 6ea-o6pa3Ha a BHe-Mbicjiemia b TepHBHax paccyaoTOOx Jioraxa; 
b hbctom t o h e BaTypuiiSH BBiui 6ti npapoAy qjieBeHBCu BHe-MbicjieH- 
rux h BBe-o6pa3Bux (popif; BHe-jioraiecKHB, 6e3-o6pa3Hbrii HaTypajuMM He 
Bcxpeiaeii ■ Banmx cacTeiiax BoaspeHHH; HaTypajiasM bcaom Han b MHoroo6- 
paaHB oGpaifjieBBH aMnapaxa, BOjnoHTapasua h t. r.\ npejioifJieaHH stb 
MHoroo6pa3BO rpaamiu: MaTepaajiHSitou, iiexamiSMOM, pau,HOHajiB3MOM a cch- 
cyajiB3MOM; «acro§ uarypu He BeAaeT Hame speiia; He se^aer oho 6ea-o6pa3- 
HocTeB, 6e3-paccyAO«mocTefi — a Teii He iieHee "<p ° P m"; OTflaJieHHMM Haaie- 
KOif HaTypaJiB3na TOHmecxoro xBJiaexca Hail, noatajiya, cpajiococpaa CaH- 
xu", ecJM mu ee ocbo6o«bm ot scex MaiepBajiacTBHecKax npmucycoB 
■ o<bopMJieHKB b ayxe coBpeifCHHoa Ha* jioihkh. 

Hictoro aaiypajiHiHa He a h a e if mm. 

HaxypajniSM xe, saxifcia b crymeHHH, a b cryinemni nepeacBBaHBfl ltvpa 
asHT Han o6jiacra pejiaraosHOB cbmbojihkb; Hanpaiiep: b caMBOJiaKe xtohbhcc- 
xbx Kyjn.TOB u ; b arrow CHMBojiaxe BCTperaT Hac: HaA-BHAHBHAyaJuaioe, 
6e3-o6pa3Boe nepeaonaswe; oho — npapoAHbia 3xcia3; HaTypajiacTa- 
lectii toh, HemipoB033pBTejn,HO pasBBsaeMbm, npoasjiaeM eABHCTseaHo: 
b opraacTsraecxKX xyjivrax, to ecrw b caMBOJHixe... npymeii twu, pacnpocr- 
paHaeMOB b cbctc; o6pa3 ee — noaBBBmaaca o6pa3 TaAeca 11 ; noxantesae 
IIpoaepinfHM 1 * ecn> TaaHCTBo: pacnpocrpaHeuBa tmui — b caeTe: atejrroe; 
SejiMx, BHe-apacoiHMB cbct, cojraeHHbia cbct, 3flea. aaeTCH cseTOii, npejioji- 
JieHHbiH TiMOio: cojraeHHbia cseT — atejiTbia cbct, 3 o ji o t o a; b 30JioTe 
Ahojuiohobb caeTa lepiioe njiaiia Taoeca npecymeciBJifleTca, pacnaAaeTca; 
sojiotbt BBe-nBeTOHHyio AymeBHocTB a caiio 3 e ji e h e e 1" pacTBTejn>m,iM 
noKpoBOM npapoAJ>i; Tonxa Bcrpera ti>mi>i c CBe-rosi b ABajieKTBKe xtohbicckbx 
KyjrbTOB B03B2>nneua 3JieB3BHCKoa uBcrepBea; o6pa3&i IlepcecpOHbi, J^eiieTpbi, 
TaAeca, ^HOHaca, Baxxa 1 * — o6pa3ti pacTBopaeiioa cbctom ti>mi>i: pejiarao3- 
Haa CBMBOJiBKa HaiypajiisuaiBaxx — no6er ejoi; caubm ^bohbc b ApeB- 
hoctb an eHOBajica: J^aouBC-AeHApHr"; b. 3toh ciaAHH npoGeraesj mm itaoroBHA- 

160 



aya> CHMBOJiHKy "apes a"; canoe "a p e b o", to ecrt npopocinaa wh3hb* , ecn> 
Mtnoamm aroro Toaa — b pejnoaa; xpacoaaaa rpaAauaa Tere t b 3tob ctbabb 
sanax, apoGerajia 6m aoay: ncaxasMa; srco, IIcHxea, xpacxa, b aonepeaeaaoM 
6jiyatAaaax xeatAy tuiokj a — cBeToa, MaTepaea a Ayxou, npeAcrrajia 6*i 
— b o6paae aoxaaiaeMOB a B03BpamaeMoa IIepce(poHi.i; Mec-ro ee — MeacAy 
Ojquiiiom a Taprapoa". 

B aaiyptuniaife npofieraeTCH ramia: ot 3eMJiaaoro Bytpa x noBepxaocia 
cojraeiHOB; b TeHCTBHecKOM cbiibojihkc mu bbabm oGpaiaoe: ii3 Heap CBeTB, 
cxbosi. cojraqe, xpaaca xacaercx — noBepxaoCTB 3en jihbob. 

CojmevBocn. caeaxeTca aexaociuo: 3eiuta ApeBOBBABO, abohbcbhho serBa-rca 
ayawKoa npoaapacTaHaa n npo-iQteTaBaa; npoB3pacTaBae, npointeTaHae'-^ npa- 
poABaa acaaafc; npiipoAa fiepeTca, xax 3KM3B&; cauaa xaaai. — npecymecTBJieHae 
aaTepaa b ubcthoctb; aaTepaa aejieaeer ■ pAeex aBeTaxa; a UBeTaaa buxoaht aa 
Taprapa Ayaia, IIepce<poBa; TaaactBO IlepcecpOHBBBix crpaBCTBaa: Hacrepas; 
AO-MBpoB033pBnrejii>Hbie no6ena aaTypajniCTBHecKOB pejiarBB Hac BCrpeiaKiT 
BOBCiOAy; a oraeiaKw: scb3hi» apxaaTOCXoa rpeaaa; rpeaaa Apxanejiara. 

JKaaai. npoHBBJiaci. BnocjieACTBaa Jiyroii aejieaua, BBeryuniu paayroa 
xpacoiaux nepejniBOB boa 3Ojiot0m AnojuioaoBa cojiaoa; xcb3hi» bmxojiocb- 
Jiacfc 3epaoa; kojiocob 6eaorr IlepcecpoBa xyAa, r«e aa poAaae ee oaeaaaeT ee 
Abtwmx "meter"" — ^eiieTpa; aoJioraa Jlpuerjnm* CTaxyx, CToanuta 
b xpaae, ecu. cbmboji aefiecaocTa, b cojauam aanaToa seiuie. 

Kpaconao roBopa, CTaAxa hhctoto Tex3iia caMBOJtHsyeaa nypBypoM 3jiora- 

MOB"; OKKyJIbTHbIB H ipaHCKCHaeHTEJIkHUI TCI3U OCJia6jIHMT 

nypnyp b rpaA&aaa: xpacaoe a opaaaceBoe. Tea3M — aypayp- 
a o-o p a a » e b o-k pacHui 

HaTypajiH3M bosboaxt npapoay ot aejieai x 30JiOTy cojiaua, ipe3 
BtejiTxaay xjie6aoro kojiocb (atejrroe a 3ejieaoe). HaTypaJiaax — aceji- 
TO-3ejHiB. B MBCTBQB3iie ob lojioiecT; b aMnapaaae npaaaaaeT oh 3 e ji e - 
a o e ocBeiaeaae; b BOJuoBTapaaae ckbo3i> 3 e ji e a t apooaBaioTCB rojiy6oBaT&ie 
Toaa; a flonojiaaTejitHO OTpaacaeTca: xpacaoe. 

06pa6oTxa seajia b wjiOBeiecxoM nore a xposa cxoBaJia aaa o p y a a a 
xcaaaa; xoBXa ate stbx opyAaa apaBejia k none mmcjib; as 3eujia cxoBaaa 
Mbicjok, BSXTaa b aaawa, TenepemaeM cabicjie; MapoBosapeaae kobbjioci. b pa- 
6ore npecymecrBJieaaa apapoAbi; MapoB03apeaae ocoGeaao cbh3bho co B3rjix- 
AOM Boxpyr; soxpyr — Map apapoo>i; HapoB033peaae ecr* B3rjuiA aa Map, 
BocapaaaiMB, xax apapoAa aac o6cTajomero; MapOB03apeaae b aaaiea cawcjie 
06pa3oaaJioci> b tom aepaoAe rpeaaa, we cTaAax MBCTepaajibaoro oTBOineaHH 
V apapoAe 3aBepniaJiaci. a oxpyrjixjiacb; MapoBoaapeaae caeaajio aacTepaio; 
f^ao oho aanajiocfc: b craAaa xiCTiiecKoro uaTypaJiEHia — y rpenec- 
I xax (paaaxoB. 

06jiacn> rpaAauaa fl-pa mTeaaepa saufcixaeT b oco6yK> o6jiacn> uapoB03- 

paTejcbaua xpyr; aapoB033paTejn.a1.1a xpyr — TpeTaa xpyr, o6jiexaioBfBB 

pyr hbctoio Toaa; 10a cnepsa oacjicb b nepeacaBaaaH pejmraoaHoro caa- 

i3Ma a hotom yace ai.icjiaTejn.BO, MHpoB033paTejn>BO OTvexaBBJicx: xpyroa 

Tbfla; b 3tom xpyre, b qexaaxe, ijejibHOCTb TOHHiecKOB c^epti nepejioacB- 

m§ Aaopei Bejiua. Pyflojitcj) JDrdtaep 161 



jiacb b a6cTpaKHHK>; universalis crajra aScTpaKUHea, apxBTeKTOBBiecKBM 
nJiaaoM, Boaapemie CTpoxmaM; nepeacmaaHe we crajio: nepeatBBaHaeai jihh- 
hmm; MKpoomymeHHe b jtbhboctb otjihjioci., a toh — craji a6cTpaxuB«B;; 
memieBve npoacxoaaJio b npoijecce: paooru Hag onfcrroii. 



§ 89. T«TM CB«T B HaTypai1MCTMH»CKOM MHCTH1JH3M« 

CiaAii iiicigi(i]Ha. 

Coaepacaaiie TCJierpaiauu nepeaaeTCH 
b tojihkb xejierpatpa. 

GoAepxaue Tenepi. — jiyn; oho nporsHynocb — or cojiBua, 
sae cojiaiia; sne cojmiia — rata; oho npoTXHyro: b raiy; n.na Tenepj> 3ejieneeT 
npxpoAoa; a acB3Hi» aanxBaercH: 3eJieabiMB cokbmb; CTaflHx HaTyp-tpBJioco<p- 
ckoto BHTajni3Ma npo6eraeua agecfc, a 3tom MecTe; HaTypaJiH3M sneu, uhcthhch; 
HaTypa — IIcBxex, b Byanxx siaTepan; BoccTaaae uaTvpti, xax ayxa, ecn. 
ctrobx rpeiecKofi <pH3Hxn: "Bee nojiao 6 o r o b, a e m o h o b, a y in ". Ilpa- 
pooa flajiee — 6ecnpeAejn»Ha; 6ecnpeflejiiHOcri. nepexo/wT b egiuciBo; 
eoHHCiBO AaeTca bo MHomecrBe; MHoacecTBO craHOBHTCH MHoacecTBOM efvwmi- 
HOCTefi; b aTOHax ^eMOKpxTa mbi exopee BiieeM MHoroo6pa3He uouaa, ynpa&iue- 
mux "h y c o m" 14 ; 3to — »ui generis baojui; cseroBbie cpenoueHM — - 3to 
"haojiw" CBeTa; BupuBaaci. H3 rjiaa, cseTOBbie haojii>i ^eiioxprna* 1 o6pa3yioT 
MHe 3peBHe; npapoAa 6epeTcx to b ee AyxoBHOM BoccxaHHH, to b e«BHCTBeHHO- 
cth, to b cymiapBOM cjioateHBB, to b iiBoroo6pa3BB pbtuob; cm&icji ee 
cnapa-ryajnnyeTca, bjtb ate: ocpopMuiaeTcx MOHaABiecKH (rpenecxBB aioiiH3ii); 
bjtb ace noJiaraeTca: b ABHauB-iecKOM pimie — b ome repaKJurra". 

HarypaJiHCTBHecKBB mciiuiav ifBpoB033pnrejiuio 3A«ci> me- 
nBTca b cnipmyaJiHSiie, voBafliaiie b AiuiMUHe". H aa-noA 
3TBX Tpex cmbicjiob npopacnaeT «feTBepTbix: cmmcji npapoA&i csjiob: p e - 

BJIB3M. 

PeajmcTBHecKoe oTHOineine k npapoAe pa3HTejn»H0 xpenHeT b oTuomeuBB 
x Hex ApHCTOTeoa; a ifeTacpHSBHecicn pa3BeiBjueTCx: ot ApacTOTejia cxbo3i> 
snoxy cxoJiacTBXB; nepeA aaui rpaAairaa yHeawm o CBeTe, rpaaairax, caiaoa 
BCTopaea aaxTax: uaiypajiniu npooeraer 3Aeci. craABio — 

— peuiaaiia 
BXCTBHecxor o M . 

A b rpaxannB Texe BMeeif mbi: opraimiecKoe; opraHBiiaau 
MBCTBieCKBB p e a ji a 3 m. 

§ 90. re-rea cmt b 3MnHpH3iue 

CiaftEI 3HHHpH3Ua. 

CoflepataBBe Tejierpamiu ueceTca no 
Tejierpa(pHOiiy xa6ejno. . • 

162 



TejierpatpHbril xa6ejn» — npapoAa caiia no ce6e: 6e30THOCHTeju,HO k "A" 
(oseiy mpa), SeaoTBocaTejibHO x "B" (Bocnpmrriao b "H"). GraABH ara jieatBT 
yate a peaiouMe. MapoomyineHBe aunipiKi OTpbiBaeT cojmeiHbiH Jiyn ot 
cauoro acTOHHKKa CBeTa; a Tax b3hti>ib, oh — T&JierpaipBjMB tojihok; to ecn> 

nOBepXHOCTl. CBeHCBHJI. 

3nnipi3> cjiaraeTCH acnoAaojn.; cjiaraeTCH eiqe BHyrpa maiiec- 
bob CTaffiBB — b pocTe h HaKonjieHira onbrra; y ApacTorejux, y TajieBa, 
y Poflaepa Bsxoaa 1 * m^hm iou MCAJieHBoe HapacTaHHe xojiOAHoro, 6e3juo6oB- 
■oro, BHBHCeitmiOHHoro om>na; 3MnapB3M b BospoatAeaBB nojiy-BWJie3aeT H3 
mbctbkb; a c6pacbiBaei, Kan cxopjiyny ee, b XVI Bexe. Meat mbctbi|B3iiom 

■ aiingpuiioii — coeABHBrrejii.Hafl a 6oraTan rpaAauBfl npapoAy Apo6juae- 
M onuna; or Ponxtepa Bsxoaa, iepe3 b3ijihabi KapAaHa n IIopTbi, x Tpax- 
TBTau, cJiaraiomHM oaui (Eskoh BepyjiaMCKBa)' ; bo3bbkbiot BCCJieAOBaaaa 
Q xpacoHHOM lupe y Akbbjiohbr, A<panacna Knpxepa, <I>occhh b rpHiiajn>AH. 
H — Tax AaJiee, gajiee: mecTHaAnaTbrit sex — nepeA aaiia; xpacxa GepeTca, xax 
xaxoBaa ((paaBiecxa), 6epercH — 

— b (peaoifeae, 

B HyBCTBeHHOM B3XBB8BBB, 

— b MaTepnajibtiOM jiexaaaa, 

— b MexaHHiecKOM npeACTaBJieHHB. 

TereBa xpacxa npo6eraeT 3Aea» cia^aa: cy6itKiiBHoro 3 p e h h h, 
4>H3aojioraHecKOB, xamiecioi a (pH3n<iecKOB xpacxa: cra- 
AH 3MnapB3Ma BHeimnoio o6ojiOHKy TeopaB, (paaanecKoro aKcnepajieHTa, 
Bpespaiaaer b flApo; reTeBCxaa on&rr ecn> cjieAOBaHae 3a HBJieaaeM, xax 
OBMBOjnpiecKBB atecT, nepeAaionnrii nau Taaaoe; oh — ltaBBtpecTaniu t a a - 

■ ux 3 h a k o b n p a p o a bi; cTaABH aaTypaJiBCTBiecxoro airaapaaMa caifbia 
OOUT c HBJieHaeM ranepTpo<pBpyeT b peajrbHoe pacxpbrrae csibicjia; a 3tot 
tOlfcicji HacBJibCTBeHHO npaiibiinJiHeT x HBJieaaio. Mbi aueeii 3Aecb cTaoaa: — 
. ... , — 1) SMnapaHecKoro cpeHOueHajiH3Ma, 

— 2) SMnapaiecicoro ceHcyajnt3Ma, 

— 3) SMnapaHecKoro naTepaaJia3iia, 
K — 4) 3Mnapa«iecKoro MaTeuaTH3Ma. 

B nocjieAHeji cjiaraeTCH iiexaHB3M: HbiOTOHOBa Teopaa xpacox; b rpaAasBB 
AlCTOBbix 3ii6jieHaTBK OHa — 3M6jieuaTBKa. 

„. Ho b 3M6jieiiaTBKe stob paajiaiaiOTCH a noraSaioT: Bee Bbune jieacainae 
Ul6jieHaTBKB: Tea3ii, OKKyjibTH3M, TpaHCu.eBAeHTajnj3M, CTaABB aaiypajiacTB- 

I, WCXOB MBCTBKB (cnHpBTyajTbHOB, UOBaABOB, ABHaMHHeCKOB, peajmcTBHecxoa) 

; . ■ CTaAaa 3MnapH3na BbirjiHAHT oTJioaceaaeif leBerBHecKB pocmero b Tenept 
Bay^HO oxpenmero bsimikab- 3bojih>bbobb3m, reHeTB3ii Tax, coGctbchho, cmot- 
mt: OABOBpeaeHHO AaimaH, autBaa, Beynpa3ABHeMaa rpaAanaa B033peHnn 
cseie 6epeiCH b nociieAOBaTejibBOCTB acropBiecxax OTjioxceBaa; CBeTOBaa 
MpaAauBH — b OTTeHeHBB xb3bb, b TexynecTB MBpoB033pBTeju>Bbix nepescBBa- 
Ipidk b CMbicjioa; b noAueaa ee BCTopR3Moai, npoexTBBB3MOM, TepMHHOJioraea, 
iccacpaKauaea ecnt noAMeaa KB3BH — TeBaua; mxajia yneHaa o caeTe 
HUpBAanBOHBO npaemieiia b TexyHecrB moHO-Ayo-njuopajii.iu.ix 3M6jieif . 

163 



TeTeB caeT HecoH3Mepmi c HuoroHOBbui CBeiou; cbct HbiOTOHa sammaeT 
HeABHStnoe, onpea&neHHoe, KJiaccwJiBxauHOHHoe Mecro: iiaTeMaTHHecKOH rpa- 
4>hkh. A TeopaH rere — ae uacmKa, He (pHJioctxpHJi, He tcm 6ojiee uera(pn3H- 
Ka b floriiaTHHecKOM CMbicjie; He (|>H3HKa; n&ace OHa He Teopaa. 

— OHa ecn. 
ipaffaitii: oaa — TaHeu TepimHOB. 



§ 91. r«TBB CB*T B BOHWHTapM3M* 

HaTypaJiHCTHHecKHH bo ji ioht a pna m". 

Co/jepxamie Tejierpamibi no- 
cthxjio B h nepe Jioxeno b GyKBbi; universalia in re nocinraeMbi HSHyrpn, 
xoth h nojioxeHH b BHenmeM; iieatAy hhoh> h "r e s" HasoAHTCH moct: moct stot 
— bojih; toji«iok Tejierpacpa bojibio nepejiaraei* Ha Syxay; jtvh, npoTHHyrbin 
k rjia3y, noTOiiy tojimco bhahm, tto rjia3 — jiyHeaofi. Ha H3bnce MexaHmecKHX 
npeflCTaBJieHHH Mti cKaxeii: CBeroBaa Bn6paunfl yAapmiacb hbm b rjiaaHyio 
peraHy; paaApaxeHHe (Druck) cjiaraeT Hue snenaTJieHHe (Ein-druck). 

TejierpaMHa — coAepacamie KpacoHHOCTea; KpacoHHocm npHpoftbi 
cjiaraeiibi, nepejiaraeiibi: a asGyKy; a36yita KopeHHTca xe — b rjia3e; 
TJia3 h npirpoAa npoTHBOnoCTaBJieHbi, CTOJDCHyTbi; ocpopmieHbi ohh b na- 
pajiJiejux: MexaHHxa BHe-Teicyin.ero a nyjibcauaa, BHyrpH 6bKUBaa; 
"re 8" pacKOJiara — bo sueinimH h BHyTpeHHHH Bmp; nacn. mchb 
ecrb npHpoffa; b 3toh nacTH iieHH, to ecn. b nyBCTBeHHO BOJieBofi, 
nocrnraio a npnpofly, kbk bojiio; hto H3BHe — npeACTaBJieirae, to 

BHyTpH BOJIH; MHpOB033peHHe 3TO CTaHOBHTCH BOJUOHTapHCTH<ieCKHM 

HAeajra3HOM; a ncHxo(pn3HMecKH B3HToe, npoTenaeT oho b napajuiejiax 
(Qexnep, rejpAHHr). 3HaHne o npapoae chjihtch npimoAHHTbCH uha 
3HaHHeii 3MnnpHHecKHH; coeAHHiHOTCJi mhoh) ABa 3HaHiu: o npHpoge 
Moes h o npnpoAe H3BHe; npHpoAa pacnajiacb b abb napajiJiejibHbie 
seiHH; universalia hub pacKOJioTbi; ohh — HanojioBiray b npapoae, 
iieHfl oScTynaiomeH: universalia BbiJiarajOTCH H3 npnpoAbi; u pacTBOpaerca 
sejieHb — b AyinesHOH r<wiy6H3iie. 

3HaHHe, coea.HHaioin.ee abb napajuiejibHbix shohhh, — co3HaHne; HHcroe 
co3BaHne em.e He AOCTHTHyTo: aocTHTHyro — conojioxemie phaob; b oahom 
pane — pasjiaraeTca rjia3; rpaAauHB pasjioateHHH Taaaa: — 

— 1) <J>n3HOJioniHecKoe, 

— 2) xmiHiecKoe, 

— 3) (pH3HHecKoe, 

— 4) iiexaHHHecKoe, 

— 5) cjiynafiHoe. > 

B ApyroM pa#e "cjryHaHHoe" sosjiaraeTca b rjias h yrjiy6jiaeTca rjiasoM: 
KpacKa jieacHT b BoenpHaTHH; pasjiowemtio BocnpHaraa b paaApaaceHHax 
h ApoacaHHHX npoTHBonocTasjieHo: cjioxeHHe ApoacaiiHH b BOcnpHHHifaeiioii 
opraHe; H3 xaoTHHecKOH ApoatH rjiaa cxpom: MHoroo6pa3HeHuiHH KpacoHUbifi 

164 



xpau; b TBopnecrBe rjiasa Ban. uapoM — nouieAaee yflCBeane npapoAbi. B 3toh 
oraAaa cBeTOsaH ipa/utaHs Teie npHmuiaer Ty (popiiy, KOTopon Kocayjicii a, 
xapaKTepn3yH npo- h pe-rpeccaio. 

TaK, corjiaCHO rpaAauHR fl-pa DXreiiHepa, MeTaiiop<po3a Teopaa o caere as 
o6pasa amrapHH hsjihctch Haii: a BOJUOBTapacTBHecKOM o6paae; Kaacaoe nepe- 
■UBaaae aKTyajibBo; imp Teier b iioeii TBopieerae; coBctbchho "natura" ecTb 
TBopiecTso; universalia — b TBOpiecTBe; b npapoae cpaaTaaaa — kjiioh 
k noHHiiaHmo "aaTypbi"; BOjrfOBTapacrotPiecKBB naTypajiH3M pauaoaajia3Bpy- 
rci BynflTOM h <I»exHepoM, Hfleajni3HpyeTCJi nionearayapoM, ncaxH3apyeTCJi 
• iapoB033peaaa 3CTein3Ma; y 3a. (p. rapTiiaaa boaboabt BnJiOTHyw aac: 

K HHeBMaTH3My. 

Kpyr impoB033pBTeJu>Bbix cmmcjiob b OTHOineHHH k npapoAe accepnaa: 
ABeaaAOtaTb 3n6.neifaTBK npapoAbi npoGewajio npefl Haiia; BbuuuiaeTca hx 
auacaiiocTb ot iieTOAbi; opyAiu noftxofla npejiouaJiH npapoAy; opyoae 
— b jiorHKe; lteroAOJionui JioraitB BoaaaxaeT b ceil nyiiKTe rpaAauaa: Me-roMo- 
Jionu JiomKH — rpaflaqaoaabrii aran; y npeAABepna jiorasiia ipaAaumo 
npoeuapyer Jionnca: upoeKuaa rpaAaoaa b jiorinte — iieTOAOJionui jionnca. 

Mu ctohm y npeAABepHH BOBoro TOHajibaoro aepejioiia: aaTypajiiou.ni toh 
■mkht b irapoB033pHTejii>uoM Kpyre. 

HmyHTBBB3M BOSHHKaeT npeA aaiiB, universalia KopeiiHTCa b "post 
fern". 



§ 92. r«T«B CB6T B MHTyMTMBHOM HOrM3MB 

HHiyiiiBi3n: universalia post rem. 
Universalia nepejiOHCHJiacb b neax; "res" — pacnwjiaeTCH; "res" 
SOpeBBTca bo BByrpeiiHeif iioeii cicucjie; "natura" — tojh.ko KOBcrpyKunH; 
IMt TOKOBaji, JiepTBa OHa; ee AenciBHTejiiaocTb racue-r; nonsa iiaiypajiH3- 
Mk yTepaaa; aaTypajmaii xe can nonaa: noisa 3eMJia; aora ae lyBCTByioT 
■puno; aeuJiM yoeacajia or aor; bob Tail oaa rAe-To — AaJiexo-AaJieKo; bhahuu. 
M— njiaaeTabiM ifepTBeiounni mapoif: — 

— llycTbiHHbiH map b nycron nycxbiue, 
Kax aaasojia pa3nyaae, 
Baceji acerfla, bbcbt nontine, — 
Beayune, 6e3yi<He! 

3. rHraniyc". 

H — tto aro 3Ba<arr? 

JIaHBoe "fl" AyaaeT o ce6e, hto obo coaepacaTejiuio; coAepxaaaeM co3aa- 
oao AepwHTCH npofBo; BHe ero jmnaoe "fl" ae ecn> "fl", a... Tax ce6e... 

xo; b oco3BaBaaaB coAepxaaaa KoaKpeTaoro "fl", KaK o&i>eKTa, joiHHoe 
f "S n i KaK TaKOBoe, OTKunyTO ot npeACTaBJieaafl o "fl", KaK eAaacTse co3Baana, 
p< pacronTaao b (popiiax noaaaBaTejibBoa AejrrejibHOCTH; b cymiioc-TH obo 

AaJieKO, aa nycTuaaoM mape npapoAbi, noBeiaeHHOM b 6e3bicxoABbix 

165 



nycroxax; oho — a TCJie, Tan; craxoTBopeiiae EapaTMBCXoro xapaxTepn3yeT 
tjt Bcraiom.ee aacrpoemie: 

HanpacHO tm uerajiacb n aanena, 

PaaBHTHeu enema: 

Tti noABHr caofi CBepnmjia npeatafi Tejia, 

Beayicaaa ffyma! 

H Tecum xpyr nofljiyHHtix BneiaTJieHaa 

CBepnnmmaa abbho, 

IIoa BeaHbeii aosapaTHMX caoBHAeHHB 

Tki apemieim.; — a oho 

BecciuicjieaHO rjiaairr..." 

"Oho" — a Tejie mtvuoe "H" — BMKHHyjioci. (pHJiococpHea HCTexmero 
sexa H3 mpa cy(fa»exTa; HaA-HHAHBHAyajii>Hoe, (pqpiiajtbaoe "H" npeAonpeAe- 
jthjio "H" jnreHoe; sthm oho yiiepTBH.no — "H" jraiHoe; duoidhb: ByJixan 
npeBparajio b... noTyxnnifl syjixaB; a "H", same "fl" — aensoe, KOHKpeTHoe, 
seiHoe, — "ryBciByeT ce6a iieacny pasflaBJieHKbni "fl" cTpacTefi h "fl" jiora- 
HecKB3f , He OTKpuTUM B hoajihhhoh cymHocni; lyBCTByeT ce6x, Kax b opjm- 
bux THCKax; ■ pa3puBaercH — Meatfly tcjiOm h Ayxoii; pyx. b o6pase Jioraiec- 
koio opramuiia noaxBaxbniaeT "fl" h yHocm, xax Taaauem — open; imp 
y6eraei; B033peime Ha Hero CTaHOBHTCx 6jieflHO yracuraM; craicji h KOHxpeT- 
HOCTk b Hen crepTu; HHpOB033pemie — ueroa; h iteTOAOB — HHoro; ohh 

— paBH03HaHHi>i, ofipasya 3aaiKHyTMH xpyr; Kpyr ayina o6onuia; h oh — craji 
dk Tecea; b MnpoB033peHiux HyBcniyeT ceox "fl" no« "b e h h i> e m b o 3 b p a t • 
h w x cbobiacbiF — Hsaorroio TecHoro Kpyra; urroAOJiorua — HoiteHK- 
jiaTypa HSKHToro TecHoro Kpyra; TeopaH 3HaHna XX sexa irapoBoaapeHHe 
y6nBaeT: iiHpoB033peHne caH3aH0 c Tenept pacnbiJieHHOB HaTypoa; b Hen "fl" 

— "oh o", KOTopoe, no CJiosaii BapaTMHCxoro, — "6 e c c m bi c ji e h h o r ji h - 

«Hl"; HHTyHTHBHSM B HepBMX CTaAHHX CBOeiO JIOTHHeCKOrO BblflBJieHKH 

cxoaht Ha seHJno nycTMHefi; sen jib — iiepTBeHeeT h — oTBajiHBaeTCH ot Hor; 
h y we b nepatix CTa/jaiax nepexofla 0THHTyiiiBi3na b ji o r h 3 m, Bcjiea 
3a noTepHHHofi MepTson hohbob 3eiura, lyBCTByenn,: rojiOBOKpyateirae b jioiti- 
xe Te6a cxaaTHJio; lyBCTByenn. CBoe KOHKpeTHoe "fl" bmShtmm na ayina 
h OTX0AHJQB3I x HeBegoiiMM SeSAHau TeMHO-jiaaypHoro xynojia; 3tot xynoji, He 
03apeHHi>iH HHKax, b cynnfocTH, to6ok> He bhaidi: oh — raoceojiorHHecKoe 
co3HaHHe, xhhdio HanaBmee Ha xe6x h Te6x oxsaTHBmee, xax 6m... C3aan; mo 
Te6a oxBarajio, b cymHocra He noHHtiaeim. tm; onpeflejiHeTca oho b TBoeii "fl" 

— HeraTHB HeBeAOiioa BJiacra, tc6h yHOcamefi; mto tbi yHOcmi , nocTHraeim, tu 
jrann. bo B3rjiHfle na 3eujno; b craflira HaTypajiH3iia tu ctohji bb 3emie; 
a 36MJIH ot Te6H nooeacajia; aaiunoHaeim. OTCwaa, «rro tbi yjieTaeim, — b hba- 
seiiHoe; HaA3eiiHoe HbipacTaeT, xax xojioa, b Te6e, ho ckbo3i> Te6x — npopacTa- 
ei; h Te6x ot 3eifjra — OTAejweT; OAHOspejieHHO tm — raHHiiea h open 94 : 
oxsaTHB Te6fl jianaMH, 3eBecoB open sieAJieHHO apacTaeT b Te6a; HyBCTByeim. 
ce6x HOBopowAeHHBUi BJiaaypnH KaTacTpo<pHHecKH noni6aiouniif b 3ejieHn; 
3ejieHb »h3hh, ct^b xojiocoii, 3ejieHb, — H3MOJioTa; tm Tenept — HHina; tbi 
h HAyiOHB; coaHaHHe He TBoe, CKBoab xe6a ocaemaeT impti, tm c hhu cjiHBa- 

166 



enn>cfl; oho — rJiyooxHH Kojioaeai. — b Te6e a o/raoBpeMeHHo Te6a pacTsopaio- 
ibbh xynoji jiaaypHwa; HyBCTByenn., KaK m b ce6e TOHeini>; «ryBCTByeim, ce6a 
co6oh ocBein.eHHwa; h OAHOBpeaeimo: ocBemeiate, ckbo3i> Te6a npoxoAHin.ee, 

— Kax ne CBoe ocBemeHae; tm — itu, 1 — He x w; ra — cseT, pa3jnrcwH 
b npapofle; ho tw He hctoihhk; cbct, pa3JnfTWH to6oh, — oTpaaceHHtra, 
jionmecKBii; tw b 3Toii Caere — jiyHa, osapflioinaji won co6oa BBCamyio 3eaiJix>; 
»ce, Bee, see — o3apeH0 jmim. to6oh; tw ace — He cbctoh; tw — 3epKajio. 
B arty nepayio CTaoaio HHTynTBBHOro TOHa vu snepBwe BCTynHJiB Ha 3ape 
BCTexinero Bexa; CTaAaa yiieprrnuieHHJi hcb3hb ecii> KaHT co caoefi htkojioh; 
eiaAHH at oTJieTaHHH — noxameHaa opjioM rauBMeAa (hjih ace HbixoacAeHHs 

■ mucjdi H3 Tejia) tojtj.ko ein,e HanaHaeTca na TparaHHofi xpyne, b JioiaSae: sto 
oranaji — jiyHHoera; mwcjihmw eme oaapeuaa Ha 3tom nyTH b npecymecTBJie- 
aaa nyTH; opeji eme HanaAaeT; oh eme xhiohhk; opjiHHaa aana Tep3aeT 
r«HHMe#pBy rpyflt; a Tepa&Hae hwcjih, yMaparomea, «rro6w bocctbti, b TpeTHa 
oeHfc, ecu, jiorisu icopeiixo-nosHaiBTe jiihhb", Haa 6wTae ac- 
oymaioinaB. 

Ha Bcea npoTHaceHHH HHHysinero Bexa ctbahh 3Ta, ji o r a a m a", OTHeaaHH- 
■ajiacfc Haa oGpbiBaaa yaapajou^ero HaTypaJia3aa a nosacjia — naa hbmh; 

■ 6e3Hafle»HOCTH csoero b a c e h a a "Han" — noBepxHotm. ji r a 3 m a; ho, 
puBHBaacb, jioraaif awswaaji AonoJiHBTeJiwjyio Kaxyio-TO, ce6e oSparayio 
a B Eapony BeoacaAaHHO aanasmyio HOTy: AonojuiBTejrwioH hotbi jiora3Ma, 
BOTbi eiiy napajuiejibHOa, aw He BCTpeTaat: hh b TeacTaiecKOM ayAeaciBe, hh 
B ajuiHHCTBe, hh b Eranie, hh b BoapoacfleHaa; a — hh b cpe^Hax Bexax; 
acTpeTHM aw — b Hhahh". Tojibko Hhahb ueKor^a TpoHyjia HHTynTHBHyio 
HOTy; h — Tpoayjia ee He b ji o r a 3 m e; npoaasefleHHe ctob hotw, aoaceT 6wn., 
ecTJb BeAairra" a eme Sojiee — Beflw"; Tenepi. b ji o r b 3 a e bocxoahh (ho 
■HOiiy bocxoahb) TyAa, oncyAa Hhabh HHCxoAHJia 40 : HflTypaJiH3a a Teraa 
B HOTax, HeKoraa b3htwx, npeAJieataJia aciopaa leJiOBeiecTBa; HWHe ace ohh 

Haaa b3hchtw; nonoay, sax o6epTOHW, peMHHHcaeHaaea AaJienoro npo- 

KUioro, Ha Bcea npoTHacenaa acieKinero Bexa npoxoAar bojiiiw SBynaHaa 
^aAococpBB Hhahb; Hhabh noflwaaeTCH MHoroxpaTHo; Hanpajiep, b DHoneHia- 
yape 41 ; 3to Bee onoro, hto coBpeaeHHaa aaa cpajiococpaa npoSeraeT Ty ace 
TOHaJTbHOCTb, ho b BHOH o6pa6oTxe; BHiiiyaiiBHoii ji o r a 3 m e cpajioco- 
cpaa acTewnero Bexa 6ojiee hoajibhuob Hhahb, neacejiH b scTeTBHecxoM nepe- 
aauaimH Hhahh neccaMHSMoa* 1 — aroa npoAyKre "jioniecioi yioii- 
jjeHHOCTa". 3-p IRreHHep Bwcxa3aji rjiyGoxyio a Bepayio mbicjib: xbbh 
Opeoa uac yiCHBX Bbacw, Kbhbjim hjih IIIpa-UIaiiKapa-A<iapwi, oh 6w He 
•Mji Tenepi. noxjiOHHaxoM CauRta, BeAamrw, a — tiokjiohhhkoh Q>nxne, 
QleJiJTHHra, rerejia. B cpajiococpaa repaaitaa HcreKmero Bexa ajib coBpeueH- 
BOdcob 6ojo>ine noAJUtHuoa Hhahb, Heacejra b Hea36eacHO Kpasbix nocTHaceiiBflx 
^■JiococpHH Hhahh; Hhahh He ecu. nyTt, Kyaa npoAOJiHcaiCH icicjo.; Hhahb 

— pe3oaaHC Ha npoacxoAHUcee c Haiia, He ohb — ona: 011a — Tern. TpaieAHH 
■amea Mfcicjia; a hohah mi.i HaacTpeny x BCTaiomeS h a m Hhahh, Hhahb 
fit Hac yBeacHT; aw He npuMea peajo>HO ee nocTHHceHHa; a oAHospeaeHHo 
OaepHeM ot Haaa acKouoro 6epera. 

167 



Beper hckoio>ih h 5eper ontyfla-TO 6pe3xymHH — ecu. BOCCTouiie b jiomKe 
Jloroca, MeHHiomee jionucy b Kopae; BoccTamie — He n3BHe o3apeHne, a npa- 
HTae Jloroca BHyrpt; cojiaua jiyaa Be yBHflirr; Miiposbie nyciMHH jiorn3ua 
HeocBeTBMbi B3BBe; >n>i aojukhm — iioajihhho "b jionxe" scran; sto 
3Ba<nrr — craTB canon jiothkor, «rro6bi noHBTb, hto ji o r h k a He ecTfc to, hto 
ohb ecTb fljia Hac ranie; cojnma jiyna He yBHAirr: BHyTpn Jiynu B30HAeT 
c o ji h i| e: Tax Jiyaa craHeT BHyTpeHHsai cojraneif, npnHniiaH XpncTa, a Jiomxa 

— CTaneT hoajihhho CBeTOx: caeT nocraraerca b Jloroce; Jloroc caeT jioi-hkh; He 
OTX83 ot Jioiiim m 6ercTBO k <pHJioco<pau Hhahh npoflOJiataeT "Hainy" 
HHTyHTHBHyio craAHK), a yTJiySjieaxe jiohikh ao BCKpbrnu b Hefi canon 

— 6jiBCiaTejii>BOR ioiKi;iBiyiTiBiui jioth3m npe-cyinecTB- 
jueii tbk b HHRorAa He G&nunee coHeTaime: iBiyiiiBisui h thocth- 
k h*; rHOCTHHecKHH HHTyHTMBH3M — bot k Hetty iifci noAXOAHM; h — vera He 

6bUIO B HhAHH, HTO B03110SCH0 JHOID. B XpHCTHaHCTBe; XpHCTHaHCTBe — - rpflAy- 

inero; HaiieKH 3Toro rpHflymero xpHcraaHCTBa — y IlaBJia 4 *. IlapajuiejibHO 

OT3bIBaM HHAHH HB (pHJIOCOIpHIO HaiDHX ffHeH 6bUEH OT3bIBbI HhAHH B H033HH 

BOCCTaBaHHfl cpHocotpmi 3tob; poiiaHTK3ii HaHajia xcTexinero Bexa* 4 He 6mji 
jmim> npQAOJiKeHHeii hosshh Tpy6aAypoa; He«rro ot Hhahh nepeicjiHKHyjiocb: 
rojiy6ofi HHAyccxxa qBeiox, jiotoc, ecr* yate b "rojiy6oii latence" repuaHCKoro 
poifaHmaMa 4 *; rojiy6n3Ha ero oipaxaeT 6e3flOHHyio TeMHO-Jia3ypHyio CHHeBy; 
omeHHMH n y p n y p Temiia, cojnieHHOH sejiiiiHoa uansBasicb Ha mmjuo, 
no-HHOMy npoH3pacTaeT: 3 e ji e h b 10 HaTypajiHCTHHecKHX BeceH; a mrryirrHB- 
Hwe BecHU — b flyiny bocxoat miane: rojiy6wM ubctohkom HoBajmca; 
h pa3Bep3aM>Tca flajiee: b ieHEiie Jia3ypa jiorn3iia; npv6jnixeHHe 
k sajiasypHOMy CBeiy BHyTpeHHO oaapaeT ji a 3 y p b b... <}>HOJieTOBO-po- 
3oaoe. 



§ 93. r*T«B CMT B rHOCTMMM3M* 

CoAepacaHHe Tejierpaiiia>i, oauroaii b Moen ncHXHHecicon xh3hh, 
oxhbjicho 3axoHaim cosHamiH, jiexaiEaufH bhc JiHHHoro "H". CoAepxamie 
TejierpaxMbi, 6yAyni hhoh npoireHO, oacHsaer bo line: 6yKBu, HanBcaBHbie Ha 
6ynare, 6ynara, TejierpacJmcT ropoAa B h tojihkh Tejierpatpa Cbirpajm Tenepb 
cbom poju.; h 6ojiee b coAepxaHU He ynacTByiOT; kjiohok 6yuani hhoh 
6pomeH; coAepxaHHe — b Ayme; TejierpacpntiH Ka6ejib ecn. npapoAHoe pas- 
Apaxerae; BnenaTJieHHe — 3to 6yMara u 6yKBbi, to ec-n. opraubi nyBCTB; 
BOcnpHHTHB ' — npoiiecc vieHHa; H3 Hafl-AymeBHoro npoTHHyjnicb Bnepsbie 
CKBOSb Jimoioe caiibie boshobchocth noHHHaHiu b SyxBeHHMX 3Haxax no 
cymecTay BHe impa Jieacauiero; noHHMaHHe coAepxaHHH ecn> BCTpena 
BHe-HHpHoro CBera c HaA-HHAHBHAyaJtbHbiM Kopueu co3HaHiu; Bee npoiiexy- 



* Bee, <rro Ufci ^maeu o ihoshcc, othochho exopee k sui generis coHeramuni 
OKKyjibTHiecKoro xeaaua b inypajiictiieciOK cnHpHiyajiaawe; qoajibhbi.ib 
TBOcrmnuii — Bnepe^H. i 

168 



TOiHoe — OTna^aeT: MeCTO nonjbmHoro npaBTHH CBeTa ecu. jioiHxa; CBeT 
BHe-MHpsnuH ckbo3i> cojraeHHtiH mhoio 6epeTCH: jionraecKHM cbbtom. GraflHH 
ornaAcmiH Mnpa ot Baaroro huh ot impa acroHBHica ecn. yrjiy6jieirae 
■ npecyiqecTBJKBHe caeTa h jioihkh; Jiorinca ctbhobhtch Jlorocoii: cseT ciaHo- 

BBTCH — jHyXOM. 3tO yate npOHCXOAHT B fHOCTHHeCKOH CTaHHH. 



§ 94. tom mm 

HBtyiTIBBal TBOCTIKa. 

ELoanaHHe b iiefi osapaeTca: 
o jkm-hkh copsaH noxpoB; CBexoBaa saaiBMOcn, no3HaBaTejn>HJUx OTBJieHeBHbix 
Haiaji ecra. KOHxpeiBocn> no3Haiou: no3BaHne ciaHOBirrc* cbctjioio Byjn.cau.HeB 
cmmcjiob; Hneojionu CTaHOBHTCH MeTaMop(po30H bach; h/kmi xe — hobuh o6pa30M 
nam; chmboji npes Hapaciaaiie b hcm cm&icjiobmx KOHTpanyHKTOB, nepe3 
nyjn>cainao KOHipanyHKiOB, CTaaoaHTCJi — cymscTBOM; «rro npexfle mbi HasbiBajm 
apxHTeKTOHHKoa (pHJiocotpcKOH CBCTeiiu — Tenepi. cHCTeii a nyjn»cainoi opraHH3- 
Ma, UByipero b coctokhhh bach; ueTOflOJioniH npea 3M6jiena-rnKy h /ntajieKTHKy 
■pyro-6erynncx SMojieM paapuBaercii: b pa3puse ciaHOBBTCH Jloroc. 

Cera nepexHBaeraix coctohbhh coxaaHna Tenept yace npoHneHM. M&i 

CTOHM y npeflABepHB HHCTOrO BBTyBTBBH3Ma, B03HOCflCI> H3 Ce6fl CaMBX 

■ c<pepy cb 06 oabot o t ob a . 



§ 95. raTBB CBeT B HMCTOM HHTyHTHBH3M6 

Hbctmh bb t y HTBBB 3 m. 

noKHAaa aaiiKayTbin Kpyr impo- 
■0aap1rreju.Hi.1x cmmcjiob HEiyiiiBHOv ji o r b 3 m e, mm o^tepTHjm Kap- 
nray — HaTypajiHCTHiecKoii CMepTH; mm OYepTtunx soccTaBBe jioihkh KaK 
ItiypuB o6jiacTHx BBTyBTHBBoro raocTflBB3Ma; h nepsoe Kacaane o6jiacTB 
incToro TOBa ecu. bojihmh o6pa3 KaiacTpocpfci Bcero B8HB BenpKoro: BoccTaaae 
00jmu.a BHyrpn JiyHM ecn. naneHHe jiyBM b cojiBue, t. e. KaTacTpo(pa. CeM& 

BpOHAeHBBIX COCTOHHHH COSHaBHfl: OKKyJIbTHSM, ipaHcif eHflCHia- 
AM3M, MHCTHIIH3M, 3 M H H p H 3 M, B O JIKJ H T a p H 3 M, J10IB3H, THO- 

ITiiliiv — cyiii ceui Jiynea c b c t a: cera nepejutBOB rpaAainra. 

OneprHB we cy6i>eKTBBBO rpanainiOHHMe nepejiasti ceMH jiynen CBeTa, 
•tepK aain, 6yneM bombhti., cjiynaea; ob ecTi> jimm. 3M6jieva. OKKyjit- 
II3H ecifc aafl-HBflHBHflyajiBBoe yneaBe o MaxpoieocMe b MHKpoKOCMHnecKOM 
• MKMeirre; ecjm mu yieHHe BOSbMeM, kbk acHByio rpaflauHio, b MecTe KpacBoro 
Jtyia 0KKyjii.TH3Ma yBHAmi mm: JS,yx. KaTacrpcxpa aJieMearapaoro b flyxe 
Mn He KaTacTpo<pa, a rpananHfl: MeraMop(po3a caMoro ajieMeina; 3JieMeifT 
— npoeiuniH xoMBJiexca; KOMBJieicc — npoeKinu opraHB3Ma; opiaimaM — npo- 
•unui HHAHBHAyyMa; HHOHBHAyyM «HBeT — b HepapxHH; BepapxBH — rtyXOB- 
Boe 6paTCTBo; oho — opraa JJ,yxn. 

169 



TpancueHfleHTajiH3M — jiyi opanxeBui: yreHae o sejqax 
«q»e3 yneHKe o Mexaaasiiax, a "cTaainee" paaaaBaeTca b etaHOBJiemie; 
CTBHOBJieHBe — OTCBer acbctbub; AeacTBae ecTt aeitcTBHe b Kpyre: co-AeacTBae 

— OTpaweHHe TaaHCTsa; TaHHCTBO ecra hotchuhh siapa b impoBOii npoTO-Tane. 

Mbctbu,b3m pa3pMBaerr: pasApaaceaae bo BnenaTJieHae, BnenaTJiemie 
b BoenpHHTHe, BocnpajrrBe b nepeacasaHae, nepeatHBanne b 03apenae, o3apeime 
b npocBemeHHe, npocaenjeaHe b oncpoBeHae. 

Smiipiiii, rpaAauaoHHO pacTAHyTbrii, npo6eiaeT CTaflHii: onacaaaH, 

KJiaCCHtpHKaUHH, CBCTClfbl, CBHTe3a, TBOpieCTBa, C03epi(aHHH H CTaaOBHTCH 

mpoif Teopaa. 

BojuoBTapHSM, yrjiySjieHHbm b rpaAauaa, ornpaBJiaacb ot aaHHoro, 
BOJieio flaHHoe npecymeciBJia-eT b jmjiemie; b hbjichhb bbabt xoacipyKOBjo 
bojth; KOHCipyKqBio paciuiaBJiaei b Hfleojiormo; BAeojioraio njioBBT b neTaiiop- 
(po3y Bnt&; neTaitopip03a ciaHOBHTCH c(pepoio Haeajia. 

JI o r a 3 m OTnpaBJiHeTCH ot noHHTHB paccynxa, ipe3 iieToaojionno boc- 
xoaht k 3ii6jienaTH3My, flHajieKTHHecKH Bpain,aeT 3if6jieio>i, OHtaBJiaeTcn b jio- 
nraecxoif cymecTBe, kuk. Co(paa: b Cotpaai ace hbjmctch Jloroc**. 

rHOCimisv MBpoB033pemie pacnjiaaJiaeT b co-nepexaBaaae lmpa; 
H3 co-nepexsaaBHH bwboabt apxHTexTOBmcy; apxHTeKTOBBxa — chmboji; 
nepes Hero ohb bboabtch b CBMBOjnreecKaa Kpyr; 3tot Kpyr — b Kpyr 
cymecTB; Kpyr cymecrB pa3p«BaeTca b Csiticjie. H bo3bocbc& b c<pepy 
TOHa b ceia Jiynax npejioMJieaaa, BiiecTO iiap0BO33peBBH, bohhtbh, naa- 
booth, onHCyeiioCTH, pa3flpaateHHH, MexaaaHecKB CTaBineio, ajieueaTa — Cro- 
at: cem. Jiyiefi kbshb: Cmmcji, JIotoc, Hfleaji, HBryainM, OiKpoBeaae, 
EIpoTO-THn, flyx. 

Tojtmco 3th cjiosa HaiieKaiOT Ha ctaffsao lETyiiiiHoro t o h a; h ot- 
MHpaeT saaieHae cjiob: 1) aepapxaa, jibkhocti, opraBB3M, KOMUJieitc, 3JieMein; 
2) co-fleficTBHe, AeacTBae, ciaBOBJieaae, CTaBinee, iiexaHBSM; 3) HiiaraHauaH, 
castes, CHCieMa, KJiacca(pHKainifl, onacyeMOCTi.; 4) osapeaaocn., nepeataBBHae, 
BOcnpBJrnie, BaeTOTJieaae, pa3Apa3Keaae; 5) AaajieKTaica, auGjieiia, mctoa, 
pasyii, paccyAOK; 6) cmtBOJimca, cbmboji, crpoeHae, aacTpoeaae a B033peHae; 7) 
BAeaiqu, BAeojiOTHfl, KOHCTpyxaaa, HBJieHae, ABHHoe. 

Huiy M T M BH3M ecT* coBepmeHHO HHoe: coeflBHeHBe "H" a "c b e t a" 
b "fl - C b e t w — TOJiwco 3Aeci>. 

CseTOBaa Teopaa Tete y npenoBepBH aroro t o h a b cymnocra ec-n. bot hto: 
yacHeaae MHorooSpaaaa xmo Tejcyinax xpyroB CBeTOBbrx 3M6jieManiK b tom 
bjib bhom npe^ejie rpaaaaaa, KaK hhhhki TaKoro-TO useTa; rpaa.ainui OKKyjtb- 
THiecKHX yieaaa o cseTe ecn. hbhhrs, cxaaceif, Kpaaaoro; b MeTaMop<J>03e 
hAcojioibb BCTaer BAeaJi, xax — CKaxeii m>i — rojiyooe; BOCCTaHae caticjia 

— jiasypi.; OTKpoBeHae — cojihchhocti.. 

Mbi AOJiKHbi OTBeprHyn. cjiosa "TeopHa", "cacTesia", "HayKa", "B033pe- 
Hae", "HOneHKJiaTypa", "<pH3BKa", "lieTa^maHxa", htoSbi xoti> Ha mar npa- 
6jm3RTi>ca k tob rpaHAHOSHOH KapTBHe, KOTopaa BoccTaer B rpaAauaOHBOM 
npaaTBB cbctobob CBMCpoaaa Tere. TeopaH Tt-re b rpaAaitaa A-pa EDTeBHepa 
ecu. caiKpOHHB MHpo3A&HBB KpacoK H -^— anoKajiBncBC KpacoK; TyT snepBbie 

170 



mm bbbbm: cmmcji "Teopaa" He b tom, iero ^ocrar TeTe (aoenti oh orpoMHoro); 
CMUC.it Teopaa TeTe b tom — Kya& Tere ttentn; a to, Ky«a xemji ob, xenepb 
■nepsbie oncpuTo: oncpbrro... b uaueKe; aautx — b eflBBCTBeaaoM crcoae: 
"r p a a a a; h h" — rpaaaaHH MeTaHop(po3 a b hbx: iieTaiiopcpoaa rpaAaaaa. 



§ 96. reTSB CMT B 06p*THOM nOpRflKe 

Mob npBiiep c TejierpaMMOio apoxoABM b b o6paTHOM nopa/nte; 
oepeflHHa ayra omeieHa (pB3BOJiora<iecKHM mctoaom: — 

1) "CbCT-H". HuTyBTHBHSM. TeBB- 

Uiuioe. 

— 2) "CaeT" noJiaraeTCH b Moe "fl"; 
■ — pacnBHaeTCH b uoeM "fl": "H c saitB flo CKOunaaHH Mapa". CoAepacaaae 

TCJierpamiM B03HBKaeT BO MBe: HHTyHTBBH3H OKKyjILIHMI. 

— 3) Co^epacaHBe bcb3bb aymeBaoa 
OTneHaTaBo b cepane; a.eHTp nyjrbcainm — cosabh; b nyjn,cauBB — jkb3hi.: "fl 
H» auwHt"; noHBJiaeTca omyinemie "fl" b oiqyu;euBHx bjioth: b nyjiicainiHx, 
1 pHTHax nyjikcaimfi; nyjn>cain§H, Kan ot cojTaa.a jiyna, umpHTCH Bae Mean: 
MOB ByjDbCM BJiaraMTca (ein) b AaBBm.ee OKpyaceHae Tuibi (Druck); BnenaTJie- 
BBe, KpacotQiocTi>, B03HHKaeT OTCKtfla; OTToro-TO b BneMaTJiemie — Ein-druck; 
nyjibCauBB ctbuobbtch BM-nyjibcoM, oacBBJieaaeM Jieacamero Bae MeHH. 

— 4)Ct&abb H8TypajiH3Ma: — 

— a) a BM-ayjB>CBpyH> BKpyr jiewamee hcr3hi>k> (BOJDOBTapB3i<): Bosae 
•UKBiaeTCH mbok> — CBeieabe: 6yxBbi BaaBcaHHOB Tejierpaiiiibi — b Tojnxax 
TCJierpa<pa; 

— b) ob — b Apo«aBBB Ka6ejia: 3flect HuoTOBOBa cajia ecri. BM-ayjn>c: 
nmapBRa — Bae Mean atHBymee b BMnyjn.ce; 

— c) Tejierpamia mob aepeBeaeaa b 6yKBbi Mapa: coJiHue — OTpaaceaae 
MpAua — Tenepi. OTaejniJiocb or cepAua. 

B HaTypajiHCTHHecKOM Toae o6paTBbri$ nopHAOK pacyeT: opra- 
SBKy; TeTeBO aoaaMaaBe opraaaKB rpaaauBeB oapo3paHBeao; "c b e t" 3Aecb 
fbn. Cbbt XpacTOB: miibKO oh — npoTO-Taa; "a h t p o n o c" — 6jrH3JieacamaH 
MoaHpaKanaa THna; "a a t p o a o c" — Tan npapoAM; <tpe3 ce6« crpyaT oh 

rl-nyjn.coM cbct Xpacros. AaTponoco<pcKaH TeopHH HMnyjibca — kjhoh 
ppraHBKe Vert. 

— 5) Map HHTaeT mok> TejierpaiiMy: 
I Bp ecn. HHTarountfi; <onaioan(B — kto-to; Map ecn. "Kto-to"; stot "Kto-to" 
Ma "fl"; y aero — csoe "fl": jiora3M b acnewe Tea3Ma. 

— 6) CoflepacaHHe TejierpaMMti jkhbct 
f'i **fl" xeB3Ma: TeacTBHecKBB raocTau.B3M. 

— 7) "fl" b "cBe-r" cyn. eAHHCTBa. 06a 
IMyta npaBOMepm.i. 

IlepBbiH nyrb aCTopBea B3BtBBaeTCfl; a bo3uobcbocti> BToporo ayra b Bane- 
l^mx aanepTaHa: opraaaKoa TeTe. 

Mti ctobm y apeoABepafl ero paspa6oTKa — b AyxoBHOH aayice. 

171 



§ 97. r«T6B CMT B aHTDOnOCOCflMM 

MexaHim3K a opraHHKa cyn> OTpC3Kn: 6ojiee yrjiy6- 
jieBHbix nyrea, coeaBUHem.ix b xpertest: 



^ 



■?/ 



'/, 



OpraHHmi3M. 



V 



^ 



MexamipraM. 

CoeflHHHH 3Tani>i nyrefi, HMeeM mm — 3iiaKH: 

1) Cbct a H — oiiera h ajo.<pa. 

2) Map h fl — oflHo: "TaT tbbm aca"*'. 

3) Cbctobm Hipa ecn> flyma mob, a oBHxeiii.e Ayma — nrpa CBeTa. 

4) CBCTOBOCBTejIbCTBO TejieCHBH 3KH3Hi; CBeT B 3KB3HH COJIHelHOCTfc. 

5) MaTepnajaHBie pasapaaceBBJi — HM-nyjitcti. 

6) B nyjtbcax auiByr BnenaTJieHHH. 

7) KpoBi. nyJiBcaiiHn — jiym acejieucKOro CBexa. 

8) Eahbctbo arpaionpix coflepwaHHH, JiyneBoe a ajioe, — "H": "fl" 
— cojniue KpoBB. 

9) CseT 3Toro cojnma a "fl" cyn» o«ho. 

IlepBBra Te3ac a Te3HC nocjieflHHH — nosTopflioi Apyr flpyra; BTopoa 
OTSbniaeTCH aaM b bocbmoh; b ceAMioii OTSBisaeTCH TpeTBa; b wrBepTOM 
— inecTOH. 

CoeAHHHeM ax: — 

— I) (2+8). Hrpawmee coflepKaaae — b "TaT 
t b a m a c h": HHTyHiiHfl, oncpoBeBae. 

— II)(3 + 7). OflymeBJieHHOCTBjflyma, ecTi. nrpa 
BcejieHCKoro cseia: aHaiiauas, iBCiipiUHi, npocaemeHHe. 

— HI) (4 + 6). OacHBJieune ecTi. crymeHae ny - 
meiEoi ipiAaqm, xax GaenHH BneiaiJiieMoi acH3HH:o3a- 
peaae, mi-nyjiLcaqm, iuaiHiiai|iiR, BBTa.nB3au.BB. 

— IV) (5 + 5). 06ieKTHBao.BH «auBoro iiapa 
ecu nojioHceaae cieitHii xissn BOBue:pa3Apaweune, no- 
BepXBOCTb CBeieaaa. 

Bot tat CBeTBTca yneinie Texe, rpa/umBOHHo socnpaBHToe b unpaxax fl-pa 
IIlTeHuepa: ouo — OBpo3pa<meao. ■ 



172 



Ha neTbipex KpacoK TeTe Bbnriaiaeii m — coctohiihh "cbctob": — 

— 1) OTKpOBeHHC 

— 2) EEpocBeiqeHHe. 

— 3) OaapeHHe. 

— 4) CBeieime. 
H ohh xe cyTb: — 

— 1) Haiynu. 

— 2) Hacnnpai|Hfl. 

— 3) HttarntHaqiifl. 

— 4) OrajieieHHaji mbicjh,. 
Coctojmom co3Baanfl conpoBoacflaioT Te cseTbi: — 

1) CoCTOHHBe C03HBBBH B IipBHIQIIie <|>B3B<ieCKOH HyBCTBeHHOCTB 

(cseqeHHe). 

— 2) CocioHHHe cosHaiiHH b npnHUjine Bue-siaTepHajtbBOH cthxhhhoc- 
tb (o3apeime). 

— 3) CocroflHHe co3HaBHH b 3Be3fluocTH (npocBemeHne) . 

4) CoCTOHHBe C03HBHHH B HBCTOll "fl" (oTKpOBeHBe) . 

— AHTponocoipnH imcana b cbctoboh teopiH fete. 



§ 98. <t>Hnococ|>Hn amponococtiMM 

XapamepHCTHKa MOHO-flyo-njnopajibHOB rpaflau.BH uaji hbbjib ee, 
ItaK cjioatnefiinee ue«rro. 3tb "r p a a a h, h h" ecTb BseaeHBe b (pmiococpmo 
^yxoBHOB iiayxa; onpeflejiHH b paccyflOHBbix TepMHiiax, uu AOJiXHbi bllhbuti, 
Canoe noHBTiie "rpaflai(Hii"; rpaflaiam ecTb sui generis — hcito; Bee, 
<rro bxoaht b noHHMamie BfleojiorBB, co6cTBenuo He npmioacHMO k ipanaupm; 
"r p a n a h. n a" fl-pa IIlTeBHepa "Bfleojioran" — onpefleJiHe-r. h — CTaBBT Ha 
|l ecit>; MBpoB033peHHe OTBeiaeT aa Bonpocu o niucjie; "r p a n a n b h" a-pa 
fllTeHBepa ecn. "r p a fl a a, a «" MHpoB033pennH b ix KOM6HuaipiH c rpaflaimeo 
[pooiaymeiDii a tohob; MHpoB033peHBe — 6yxsa; rpaflaipm — ne aJKpasirr, 
cjiojKeiiHe (ppa3: cJioaceiiHe MHpoB033peimH; MnpoB033peHHe OTBenaex Ha 
mpocbi o CMUCJie; "r p a a a u. H h" flaer rpaflamuo iuipoB033pnTejibiibix CMbic- 
lob; caii&m jmpoB033pHTejii>H&iB cmmcji SepeTCH 3M6jieMaTH<iecKHM ajieiieB- 
; rpanaupu — 3M&jieiiaTBKa cmmcjiob, rfle KaxflbiB, Bpain;aHCfc b Kpyre scex 
icjiob, npenoMJiHeTCB h — HapacTae-r; rpaflamw sui generis flHaJieKTxxa 
:cjiob, seflymafl k HapacTaaBio ciibicjia; bchkbh paccyflOHHtrft cifbicji nepe- 
ochtch b DCTaeTCH ueBCKpi.rri.iM; npecyiqecTBJiHeTc.ii caiioe npeflcraBJieHBe 
citbicjie; "r p a fl a i( h h" ecib npeAflBepHe k Biiouy noirauaumo csibicjia 
nanajio 330TepnKB ciibicjia; iBCTbiB ciibiCJi ne afleKBaTeii b Hen nocTaHOBKe 
mpocoB o CMbicjie. 
Tpaflai^BB He ecu. CHirre3. 

B cHUTese MexaHHiecKH nojiaraeii mm k CMbiony cifbicji; CHirrea ecrt 
-nonoweiiiie, CJioweime ciibicjios; b rpaflauBB cseTOBbie tohkh scex B03iioac- 
.□c ocMiicjieimocTeii b KoirrpanyincTe B3aHMiioro npejioujieiiHH 6eryT, iiapa- 

173 



.SKBIM" 




Me xa.rtuu,uyvi'& 



OTUOT h — MOJiHHeuocHO 3icejncji; ecjra ciibicji ecTt oKpyacHOCTt, rpaAaiiaa ecn> 
"oKpyatHocTi OKpy xhocich": T eie up ce6e npeACTasjiaji, 

■ ■x OKpysaocib OKpyacHOCTea, Ha KOTopux Kama a a meei 
Cioi npiHuio oGiHCHeHHa"*. TaK rOBopoT A-p HlTeHHep: Taxoe 
npeAcraBJieHae rpaAairaoHBO yxe. "M up He paccnaipHBaex ojho- 
OTopoBne... nip oiipusaeTci jihidb Tony, kto 6epeT ero 

■ xpyre"**...; xpyroBoe Bajrrae upa ecw. BSBrae b pasyiie; iiHoacecrBo 
aoaaiax paccyoxa ace b pasyiie eon. Texyiee MHOwecTBo, paTMHXBpyeiioe BAeea; 
MMtuiopipoaa "noBHTHHHBix" cmmcjiob rocnoflCTByei bmccto hohhtbh cmbicjio- 
■oro: "ndvTa pet"; B3aBMooTHomeHHe TeKynax, BaaaMHo 3bi6jieMiix, cmmcjiob 
roonoACTByeT Buecto cumcjui HGABascHoro: "H cniu, n p a h a a ji e ac a iit,h e 
X Iiejioa CBCTene B0]3peaii,noHiixieMH npasmibHO jiiiui. 

BSX BUHVOOTHOmCHlI... 3TOT rjiy6oRHH BX CIIUCJI...330IC- 

paiecKBB cmuc ji"***. CxBTe3 — co-nojiowenae — craTBieH; oh — npoex- 
mu Texyvero 6eia b xecTHxyjixoBH cmmcjiob; rpaAainu a ecTt 3tot 6er; He 
Savtea — rpaAainu, a aaorepaxa CHHxe3a; cmbicjibi bctbh 3Aeci> — BHflBBBAy y- 
Mbi: "HcTBHHoe ecu BHABBaay ajiBHo-acTBHHoe"****. 

$BJIOCOCpBfl COBpeiieHHOCTB Be B03BUCBJiaCb eine HbIHe flO npHHHTHH 

■OTBbm, xax aeiaMoptpoau npeAcraBJieHaa o sea: "<P a ji o c o $ m to, ito 

a luciaiaji — npiBtneHie b abiicbic mmcjib, — He npo- 
AtJiajia; noaTOMy hcoSxoaiho ctoht y rpaHRiiu a o6ocao- 

IUIIDT HOMBHa JIB3M 1 '*****. H flajiee: "$IJIOCOIpU HOBIHHa- 

ftaaaa, CTOiniae c hco6xoaiiiocti» y ipaHiii, — ohb spa- 
BiaiOTCx b qapcTBe... <p opii"******... "Ec jih 6bi ohb buibjih bs 
gtpciia... (popii, ohb 6 npanuia k iienpepbiBHO abbxbmob 
OpeACTEBJiieiiocTH... H xor^a oahb a 3 hhx b nacjieflHeii 
lipiofle Mbicjia 3 an a a a... b 310a cMticjie ctbji Aynan., to 
MaJlo 6wji bohbt oh. BcxaxanT 10,110 nacaji Tere B"Meia- 

■ p <p o 3 e p a c t e h h a", icKaxam to, hto h a 3 b a ji "n e p b o p a - 
• Tea a eat" oh, — ... c noH htbhmh... nepaopacieEie, "nep- 
1 • S b e p i>" TOJiiHO t 1 a a cinaxiTci npasajibuo, k o r a a ax 
HMOjixt b nosBiXHocii""""*. "3to ecu. sosipeaie, 1 xo- 
topoxy y CTpeM jih eTC a paaBiiae cpajiococpaa co apeacB 
r p a 11 b b; 3 t o ecu Boiapcaie, Kotopoe c b o a ncpBue otiet- 

i 0M BO noiBaaaeaue c ji e a m bubbijio b npoBOi3peaiB Te- 
|#• ,, ********. "IlepeatBBaiOT cosHaieJi&uo nOAJiBHHoe cy- 
hlCTio Ay in a lejiOBeiecxoB, icorfla ee iuiyi Ha stom oiep- 



* GNS. I Band, LXXXIH. 
"MuKG. nVottr. 4. 
••• GNS. IV Band, E. A. 127. 
•••• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 400. 
•••••MuKG. IVortr. 7. 
•••••MuKG. IVortr. 8. 
••"•MuKG. IVortr. 8. 
••••• BPh. H Band, 235. 



175 



icsBoii a^ecb nyiH"'. "<I> b ji o c o d) bi, loiopux h paiyuen, 
HiKorna pemeBHH He nprnnuiH buiti 13 o6jiacTa diopu, 
— h n o 3 t o m y bo aceo6mnx hucjiix He liorjiH ikcii h a h e r o 
hhoi-o, xpone cjiob, — BOHCiiEy "tojiixo cjiob"**. "Ho Mac- 
t e p Hipoioaapean, 3 a e c b npeffJioacBHoro, caiia iciopn 
ipH^ocoipiR. Ee paccHotpeiie notaiuaaei, mo x o a <p x ji o - 

COtpCKOB pa60TbI CTpeilHTCX X B033peHHK>, He AOCTHacaiio- 
Hy b o6biHHOM c o a Ha h h ■"***. "K t o paccMaTpiBaei CTpoe- 

Bie <pHJIOCo4>HieCKHX MItpOB033peHHH IXJIXtiaiejIkBO flO 

coBpeMeHHOCTH, Tony b iciaanx h cipemieHHix caiiax 
jtHHHOCTefi Hucjiaiejiei oiKpiisaioica layipeBBie Tene- 
iia..., siiyntie b hhx hbctbbktbbho. B leHeaiix 3thx 
scHBbi cmibi, Aaioiqiie lacio a $opiiy,H HanpaajieHae aneau 
tabic jibtc Jiea; ho Ha hhx Henocpe actb chho He xoiti co- 

CpeflOTOHHTBCH H CC^C fly IOIIJHH flyXOBHWH HX B30p. H 3 JI O - 

■ CBie 3THX MUCJIITCJICB BMTJISAHT K8K 6 bl BUByKACBBUV 
CKpblTOH B HHX BJiaCTLK), KOTOpOl Oil He BCJIIIOI OTflBTl- 

cb... H iaKie bjibcth nayt n mpe bucjib y ^bjiitcji, 
Sane Ha, Koresa". B MeTOAOJiorHBX, KJiaccacpBKauBjjx, b HOMemcjiaTypax 
noHBTHH h b CHHTeTHHecKHX nocTpoeHBHX, CMeHHK>max HaHBaoe npeAcraBJie- 
HHe o CMbicne, poixnaeTCH Hosoe npeAcraBJieHae rpaAauaOBHoa nocJieAOBaTejn,- 
hoctb; npeACTasjieBBH at MeTaiiopipoabi "nomiiiux" cmmcjiob oTcyr- 
CTByiOT: b rpaflanMH xpyroB Tete, b iieTajfop<po3e vaea no rpaaanjra, b caiiOM 
npeACTaBJieHBB arapa, xax x p y r a xpyroB; b npHHHTHH xoHxpeTHon bach 

H BCTBHbl, BHABBBAyajIbHO KrayineB!, — A-p IEbreBHep BBABT nOAXOA X BC- 

KOMOuy MBpoB033peHHK> 6yaymero. 

"HcTHHy Bpaaaaioi jtbioi. ioiAa, Korfla... ee nociirawi 
b ee BOccTaBBB b aa ahbb Ay y »ae"****. 

Tax roBopBT «-p DXreHHep: b mm y BpeAABepaa — airrponococpBB. 



S 99. ToMHan tframasHn mmciim 

rpaAaqaa — yMHonceBae MapOB033paTejii.Hi.ix cmmcjiob; cmbicjibi 
craHOBBTCB b MeroABHecKOM xpyre a hotoii: xaatAbiH no xpyry — SeatBT, 
ocBeroaeTCx CMeamo jiexcamHM, pa3BHBax ot jibbbb 6era cbob MHOroxpacoHHMB 
opeon (MeraMoptposa); Tax xax/xbnt npoxooHT no xpyry; a see — b opeojie; 
Aajiee HaHanaeTca oABOBpeueHHoe nsaaceHae, cxasaji 6m h, AeficTBae, 
co-AeacTBae cmi>icjiob: ACBCTsae xpyiOBOe ax; to, hto Ha3bntaeii bu 
CMbiCJiOM, Tenepb BHe Bcex ciibicjioB, ho oh — m e at # y h a m a, xax iienoe, 



•RPh. II Band, 240. 
•*MuXG. JVortt. 8. 
•••BPh. n Band, 245. 
••••GNS. m Band, 515. 



176 



apeBbnnaioiiiee npoasBe/ieHHe a cyasry ax, kbr 6eju»m Jiyn, He 3aKJiioHaeMi.iH 

■ xpacxy; na scex cmmcjiob BMcexaeTCH b hhx He jieacamee njiaua; njiaita aro 

■ eCTI. Ta B (pHJIOCOtpBBX CKpblTaH BJiaCTI., KOTOpOH (pHJIOCodlM coBpenemiocTH 

"He atejiaioT ainaitci"... "H lane bjibcth xisyi b Mape 
mmcjis y ^HJifcTeH, 3iieHa, KoreHa"*, OTToro-TO h "jnaMCBa- 
TejibHM... b icxamix h CTpeiiJieanax hoboto apeiieHB yen- 
Jiaa BaJihreJibiia J^h JikT ea"**; 3HaueHaTejtbuo una «-pa IIlTeHHepa 
M to HanpaBJieHHe, ROTopoe "aauuio b cospeMeuHocTH aHepraiHbix 
aaiiqBTHBKOB b jih u. c. T e h pa x a PiKKepia... Hflpyrnx*"". 
TpaAanxB — TBopieciBO cmmcjiob; HHcran w>icjh>, BbicBo6oat/iajieb, as acex 

OpyABHHKIX CMMCJIOB, TBOpHT CBOe COAepXBHHe; MblCJTJ. BblHBJIHeTCa 3flect H3 

MHoroo6pa3Hfl rpaHea CHaiaJia, kbk aocTpaXTHafl mbicjo.; noaTOMy n-p EIlTefi- 
Hep OTMeiaeT HaM, kbk CTa/raw ocBoGoxc/ieHHa mmcjih, h to Teieaae b (pajioco- 
(paa, KOTopoe oSpauiaeT B3op "Ha 10, ito... xaxeici... nJionoii m u c - 
jih: hb... HesaBHCHiiyio, Ha Hiciyn... hhcjii""". 

H OTMenaeT 3Aeci> BMeHa: KoreHa, HaTopna, 3niceHa, Baup.ejib6a.UAa, 
PxKKepra, nTran.jiepa, KaHxeju a Kaccapepa 4 *. HanpaBJieaae aro, xoth 
npHSBBHo, <rro6 "ycHJigTi. caMoco3Haioiiiee "H", HO npOBHfleBUBaJU.- 
hbb 3«Aa<ia ero — "cKpint caiai " H" »c o6icxtibhoi a e fi c t - 
me jikHOCTfcio*****. GneAyiomajB cia^aa mmcjib Jimm. cjierna o6pacoBa- 
Ba MHpOBOSspeHHeM TeTe: 3to cctb na^aa rjepexaBaHaa "nucjiHiejiiHon 
fleBTe jibhocth"******; OHa pa3BHsaeMa b mwcjichho coaepiiaeMMJi npait- 
chc; h BeneT — "k HeorpaHHieHHOMy BupaciaHin ayiaeBHtix 
cnoco 6h oct efi", to ecn. k pocTy BUHuaHan... r caMooTflane nepeacBTOMy, 
Kax Mbicju., Tyi HaMHHaeTCH weTaMopd)03a an.ea, hohhthh a cmi>icjiob; pa36asa- 
Hrrca aa mmcjih Bee rpaHa a6cTpaKuna; aBJiaeica WHBaa Mn(pojioreua aa 
mmcjih: "HejioBenecKafl ay ma tojii>ko TBopnecxa no»ei 

■ ce6e npoH3BOABTb cboh no3H asa hh a"*******. CaMO o&teimiBHo 
AaHHoe b mom CMMCJie — npoflyirr: npoflyKT TBopnecrBa: "T o, h e r o c a m o - 
laopiecKH lejioseK flocuraei, — noioMy jihiqi. aBJiaeTca 
evy BEyipeBEiii oiKpoBeEiei fl y ih h, hto no co6hihh n e - 

peaiBIBH H03HBHHH B M H y HC A e H OipaiHIITlCH IOJI1KO 

I' tcm, hto k nejay npixoABi oi... Be in, a. Oh He loxei euie 
■' bkhcti b e mefi, np h... np oct om np oth boct ohhh a HM ".«».*»**_ 
Hyoia "lyaciByei taopiecKoe y«e b aenejimociB r ji a - 

■ »"**•**•***. "He tot o6pa3 unpa,xoiopui ph eMy icopiei, 



•RPh. II Band, 227. 

•• RPh. H Band, 206. 

••♦RPh. II Band, 215. 

••••RPh. II Band, 217. 

••••• RPh. H Band, 234. 

...... Bpjj n Band ^ 236. 

....... gph. n Band, 229. 

" RPh. H Band, 231. 

*»RPh. II Baud, 228. 



177 



— cySteKTixaeH, ho ropaiflo 6 o ji e e cy6ieiiiBea tot o 6 p a 3, 
xoTopi.ii Raeici cnepaa"'. 

Tax roBopm n-p UTTeHHep. 

Teopiu soecb — co3«aBHe fleficTBHTejibHOCTH; a b Hen mmcjo. — He mmcjo. 
b HaineM CMMCJie; Bama mmcjh» He ec-n. mmcjil; caiioe a6cTpaRTnoe npeflcraBJie- 
HHe o ubicjtn yrepHHo; Mbicjo. yToruieHa — b xaoce cBoero pa36irroro Tejia 
h atHBer b hcm, Ran hccto npyroe; kok nyjitcaipLfl pimia b rpaflamiOHHbix 
xpyrax; oHajieKTHKa nepe6pomeHa 3a npeoeju»i scex mctoaob; flnajieKTHKa 

TOHHaH <paHTa3HH MMCJIH. 



§ 100. MeTaMop<t>o3a co3H8Hmt 

rpaAanHH "coctohhhS co3EaHia" — bot nepB&a anrpo- 
nocofpcRafl a36ysa; rpanaoino MnpoB033peHHS h cmmcjiob npenonpen.ejiH«T OHa; 
ctibicji rpa/janjai "coctohhhS C03HaHHH" iteiuieTCfl; rpaoauHH "coctohhhS co- 
3HaHiui" ectb rpaAaipta cmmcjiob; Kawflbtfi ate H3 "co3HaTeJU.Hbix" cmmcjiob 
rpaflapyeT b cboio oHepe^b b cepmi MHpoB033pHTeJibHB»ix cmmcjiob; h TexanHec- 
kh b3htmh — npoeinjpyeTCH iHKajiOM mctoaob; MeTO/jojiorHH — npoeKijHH 
3M6jieMBTHRH; 3u6jieMaTBKa — npoexuHfl JieraMopcpo3bi co3hbhh3; MeraMop- 
<p03a "coctohhhS cojiaiii" — b aHTponococpHiecKOM npaRCHce. 

rpaflauHH — cjnuiococpHH Gyayinero; BSHraa b HacToainefi anoxe, oua ecxb 
BBencHHe k aHTponococpCKofi "florrpHHe". 

OrBJieHeHHbni cmmcji "aortphhm" oohh; ynpaaflBeBie mmcjihrbr 
OTBJieieHHo nan aibhoi. 



§ 101. MfleonorMfl m rpaf^t\ntt fl-pa UlTefttiepa 

'TpaflamiH" fl-pa nLre&Hepa hbmh He MoaceT 6brrb Basra b Hn.e- 

OJIOIHHeCKOM CMblCJie. 

HneojiorHKi cboio «-p nTreSHep onpeAejuer, Kaa — oofeeRTHBHbai Hfle- 
ajm3M. TeTe oh Ha3MBaeT HaeaJntCTOM 3MimpHKOM (reTe b HBJieme nojiaraeT 
H^eio); "asjieHHe", no Teie, — "leopHi"; Teopna b Hau npHHRTOM cmmcjk 
OTBeprayra; Teopna 3«ecb SoateereeHHoe HBJieime, jieacam.ee nepea hbmh; 
HBJiemie — KOHCTpyKinm HfleajibHoro; b XBjieHHHx — flanHOCTb. 

CoBpeMeHHMH HfleajM3M aocTpaKTHo npHXOAHT r TOMy ace: Hneojioraji b ero 
cMMCjie — caMaji ROHcrpyxqHB MHpa; KOH<rrpyiuqu a Raac#brii mht pacinenjur- 
erca: hb noHxrae h jrajieHHe; HAeojioraa, cotnimaa to h apyroe, H3 flsyx 
hojiobhhor rteScTBHTejibHOCTH coTBopneT AeHCTBHTejibHOCTb; CHaiajia HMeeM 
Ayajn>HOCTb: 



*RPh. n Band, 232. 5 

178 



Map cy6ieKia: 
3u6jieiia. 
Mrrofl. 
noHsme. 



Map oGiexia: 

CTaBOBJICHBe. 

OraBmee. 
MaTepasui. 



B HAeojiorHH npOHCXOAHT nepBoe TBopieeiBo noxa OTBJieHeaaoa aeaei- 
awiejauociir. 

BuSo&mbl + CTaBOBJieBHe = KoacTpyxoBH. 

MeTOfl + GraBmee = flBJieaae. 

IIoHHTHe + MaTepaaJi = ^aaHoe. ' ' 

HAeojionu ecn: — 

— 1) HAeojionu — »• 2) KoHCTpytcmiH — *■ 3) Hsjie- 
aae — »■ 4) 3aHHoe. ^aHHaa fleHCTBHTeJtbHocri. xaxoBa. 

Tax BbrxoflHT no Tew, onpeflejiajj Tere b "r p a a a n. h a", mm euy otboabm 
— oabo b Bex jaasa MecTo; TeTe b Hex — iBTyniBHui a m n h p h k 
ineanijHi. rpaAaoHx fl-pa DlTeBHepa aax pacyeT h araie bo3mo«bocib 
npaBOMepaux KoacTpyxaBB: TeTe nor, ocTaBaaca TeTe, MBpoB033peHBe caoe 
AaTb BaaTypajiHCTBHecxoii Tone; OTHomeHHe x universalia nepe- 
iiecTBJiocb 6m b neu; flajiee nepeiiecTBjioci.' 6m BacTpoeaae BocTpoeaaii; 
Teopxio CBeia, «ieiaiiop(po3y pacTeaBB a — AftJiee crpoBJi 6m oh aaii b "jioraa- 
Me"; ueTaMop<po3a, BaxraH b aacTpoeaaa jiorB3Ma, Bi>rpa3HJiaci> 6m b 6anee 
ABanexTBHecKOB, aestejia o6pa3aoa (popiie; toh ocBeinemifl 6pajicn 6m ae 
■aayTpa, a B3Bae, nepefl aam 6m 6mji: jionraecKBa BAeajmcT, b3htmb b aaTy- 
pajncTBiecsoM Toae; TaxoB 6mji ApacTOTejn>; ecjm 6m Tenepi, cxaa 
■neajniCTOii Jianreccxait, TeTe 6m ocTaBaJiCH b nnTyiiTBBHCTBiecKOM Toae, to 
6mji 6m ob 6jih3ok — (pHJiococpy Terejuo; MeTaiiop<po3a pacTeaBB 6mjh 6m 
AeAyxuaea B3 MeTaMop(po3i>i jionreecxa bsxtmx aaea. Ecjih 6m ob 
bpb6jib3bjich Sojiee k aaCTpoeaBH) "raocrauasiia", to 6mji 6m ob 6jih3ok 

IXlUTOBy. 

Cbb3i> ELnaToaa, FerejiB, ApBcrorejia, Tere Taxosa: 

ApacTOTeju.: f JioraHecxaa 1 f BAeajraMi \ HaTypajiaaMa 

rerejn.: (_ jioraHecxaa f J BAeajiaaM I f BBTyHTBBB3iia -v 

IIjiaTOB: rHOCTHHeCKHH J BAeajIB31t J < BBTyBTBBB3Ma > 

TeTe: 3Maapa<iecKBB V. B/xeajraiM ) v. BBTyaTBBB3ita ) 

KawflaH as 3Aeci. a&bbmx KOBCTpyxuaa uoxeT 6i>m> npaBostepaoB b jiobc- 
IjBOb; TeTe b hhx 3aaaMaeT oabo tojh>ko uecTo; aaane c6jiaataeM oh c fl>oji*- 
|xeJiBTOa; aaaie coBOCTaBJixeu ob c Jlacxoii. 

MoaceT 6mti> coBaaAeaae b Toae, B033peaaa, aacTpoeaaa; coBnaAeaae 
DBnafleHHKi po3ai>; cxoacibb b pa3aocn> HbiCjniTeJieB cjioacaee, neii AyaaeT 
ierHep. 

rpaAauaa aac bmboabt H3 c<pepu cajjoro nocTpoeaaH TeTe a flaa<e B3 

ohkh speaaa fl-pa niTeaaepa b ero aaajiB3e Texe; TO«nca 3peaaH 3Ta — ojjHa H3 

3uoxabix; ecn> — Apyrae; ho ohb — Bayrpa anTponoco(pHMecKOH (pHJioco- 

179 



<]>hh. MiipoB033peHne TeTe — rpaflaima, aauaaa a OflHorpaHHOM pa3pe3e juuni.; 
amponoccxpHH — b coBOKynuocTa rpauen. rpa/jainia — ue HAeojioraa: caiibie 
npeflCTaBJiemiH 06 anee h H/jeaJie B HAeojiorra see eme — a6cTpaKTHi>i, 
paccyflOHHii. 



§ 102. Homhhwimsm, peanM3M 49 b noHMMaHHM rpaAaijMOHHOM 

rpaflanHH — ae MeronHKa; ueTO/x ecu. hchto, o6ycjioajieHHoe 
ynoTpefijieHHeM paccyoxa; rpananHH 3a npeaejiami scex paccyAo<oa>ix KaTeropua; 
06ycj10BJmBa.11 xjiaccHtpHxaimio ax, ona ecu. bo scex KJiaccHCpHKaH.HOHHi.ix 
CHCTeuax, ho hub He onpeflejnma ohh; b hjiockocth HayxoyHeHHH oaa ecn. 
iieiOAHKa noHHTHH paccyjjxa: liero/iojioma jioivkh; Kax Taxoaaa, cocpeopTOHHBa- 
ercH ona — Ha o&teKTe; h trkoh cmmcji — TexHiraecKHB; hjih ate oHa — aeaeT 
k Tepiacay; MeToaojioraa jiofhkh — jih5o cHCreMa Hayx, jih6o — HOMeiixjiaTypa 
noHHTHH: TepitHHOJionu; TepMHHOJiorsraecxHH cmmcji craHOBH-rca HOMHHajiasMoii; 
a lexHsraecKHH cmmcji, cocpeflOTOieHHiiH Ha "r e a 1 i a"™ ohmtob, socnpHHHMaeii 
Gbmaer HaaBHo: peaJiHSM aoaHaxae? orcioaa; "peanam" rocnoocTaoaaji 
b ceptaaae CTOJieTaa; "h m h h a n h 3 m" rocno^CTBycT HMHe; b "h o m h h a ji h - 
3 m e" h "p e a ji h 3 m e" bhahm mm pacKOjioToa cpHJiococpcxyio jihbhio ot 
cpe/nteBexoBba flo Hanmx AHefi; "peajni3M" npea.CTaajieH b Tax uaabisaeMOH 
"m e t a <p h 3 h x e", "11 o m a h a ji a s m" — b Teopaa D03uasauHJi. H o m h h a - 
JIH3M, peaJiH3MB H3BecTHOM cmmcjm cjiobcchm: "Bojibinaa lacn h 3 
toio, hto oGuiho lajuiaeTCH MbimjieHHeM, npoieiaei 
b "c jiobbx"... Mhot jito/jen yflOBJieisopjiOTca b cbohx CTpeii- 
jienHHX x oBiacueaiio Ten, hto km uaaoiyi katoe-JiaBo us 

CJIOB,npeflCTaBJIHK)mHX C060H) 3HaKOMMH H M 3 b y k, HanoiiH- 

aaniqia to hjih a t o; h cboh BOcnpiam npg hoaoGboh 

CJIOBt CHHTBKtT OHH O 6 1. H CH e H H e M"*. "H 3 B e C T H M H $pHI| Ma- 

yiHep... HanictJi 6ojilbiob cnpaiomaK no cpajiococpHH. 
T o ji c t a h KBira ero, "K pitna nui a", awaepmajia ipene 
H3ffauHe; 3to — iiaiieiBiaa (aura namei anoxn. Mhoio 
3fleci. ayxoBiitix 6oraTCTs; ho ecu. — cipamHtie Bern. a... 
^o6pua M a y t h e p coMHeaaeTca b nojiue jiorHKHjflJia Hero 
"flymn" ecib r ji a b h m m o 6 p a 3 o m "r o b o p h t b"; net n o a t o m y 
CMMCJia b ynoTpeSjieHHH jiornijAOCiaioHHO ynoTpefijie- 
111 rpaMMaTHKH. Ho oh, (pone toro, roiopn: Tax k a k 
jioriKi... 6biTt He Hoxei, to 6mjih jiothkh — a y p aK aM h"**... 
Mbicjib, OTBJieneHHaa b HOMHHajnMue, — ecn. "cjiob o"; b peajiH3aie 
— yxasaHHe Ha Bemb; mmcji* axe He ecn» hh cjiobo, hh Beun>; coBpejueHHoe 
HbnmieHHe, cocpeAOTOieunoe Ha cjiosax a Bemax, He ecTb "cooiaeicT- 
sen ho Mbi in Jien He". 



•MuKG. IVortr. 3. 
•• MuKG. I Vortr. 14. 



180 



rpaaaipui — He neTai|>H3Hxa; mmcjib b aea BBJutertcB AaHHOCTbio: nociocTo- 
poHHHii, Be noTycTopoHHHM: "3aKJiio<ieiiHe t a m, r a e... h ji e a 3 a k ji k> - 
h e b b a Be gag, oiKJioaieH mm. 3aKJiK>Heaae ecu nepexon 
ot AaHBOro K A'UHOMy. KorAa <DojibKejibT Haa roBopa-t, hto 
Haice Mbiinjieaae no6y«^aeT h a c no n o b o a y gaunoro b m - 
ciiguiiii npe n.no Jioxeuae, kto6u nepeciynaib nepcj 
A a h a o e, Mfci OTBCvaen: b a a id e m Mbimjieaaa ji e at a t iieiio, 
ito yate BbiHyacAaer iac, i HenocpeACTseaaoa jxaaaocTB. 
MeTatpaaaxa xoiei, ito6m aaaaoe uh... oBihchhjih ne«an- 
hum"*... 

MeTa<pB3Hxa — cjieACTaae peajiasaa: "M m r ji h a a a Ha a a e 10... B c e, 
eft onpeAe Jieaaoc, b aea caaoa ecii>;c aei aaeeu see to mm, 
o iea MoaceM mm cnpamiaaib. OcuoaaHie... 6mthh B3omjio 
k bcb a b ate a 3 jibjiocb... lax ito mm ero, xpoiie Bee, hetac 
He a a x o a a m. B a a e e meex mm ae n o a o 6 a e ji a in b toro, itro 
mey b aeiqix; mm imcci acaoMoe... 3tem otkjiohbctch 
B3TJIBA, ipiBiiaxmii a6 co ji wth y h> pea jxi>HOCTx> bbc aae- 
ajinioro... 3tot bsi-jiba Mo»ei 6mti> a ass a a peajiacTaiec- 
im. H BCiynaei oh b a b y x cbobx (popMax. Oh npaaaaaeT 
na6o MuowecTBo ptajiiHux cy mecTB, jioat aajaxca, k ai mh- 
posafl ocHosa (JIea6aaq a repSapi)", jia6o efliHciB eHiiyio 
peajiiHocn"**. 

3-poM DlTeaaepOM pasyMeeTca: AorMaTHiecKHH peajuuM, 
xapaKTepaCTBKa hm AaeTca c tohkh 3peHaa HAeajnuaa; b rpaAauaa uapflAy 
c AorMaTBiecKHM peajia3MOM MoateT 6brrb peaJtaSM, BocnpaaaMaeMMa npaso- 
Mepao — ycaoBHo; aao6opoT: aAeajra3M MoaceT npaaaTb a6cTpaKTHyio (popMy, 
BMajieKTBHecKa passaBaacb b cepaK) paiiaoaajtacTHHecKax nocTpoeHaa; bomb- 

HBJIB3M pOABTCB OTCHt/ia. 

<X>oju.KeJibT b rpa/iainiB n-pa IDTeaHepa HecoMaeHHO — jiomiecxiii 
peajiacr"; a jioravecKaa paiiaoaaJiacT — TepMaa KoreH M . 

MHoroo6pa3ae peajia3MOB — <poa MapoBosapHTejibiibix MeTaipasaK; mhoi-o- 
oSpasae pauaouajiasMos xapaKTepa3ye? noAiac Teopaa nosHaBaaaa. 

UpaaaaK aeTa<pB3BHecKoa mmcjih — npaMbiinjieaae TpaHcueiiAeHTiio no- 

|j. aoaceaaoa "seaia"; MeTa<pB3BKa cctb yneaae o TpaHciieaAeaTHOa peajibiiocTH. 

Taa xapaKTepasyeT aaM MeTa<pa3aay Teapax PaKKepT 5 *. CooTBeTCTBeaao oa 

I|» otbocbtcb k <SojibKejibTy: Mera(pB3aKa — p e a ji a 3 m; p e a ji h 3 m — oaho H3 

ABeHaAU.aTB nocTpoeaaa, AonycTHMbix rpaAaqaea. 

MeTa<pH3BKa — He rpaAauaa. 

AsTop "P a3Mbixajieaaa o r e t e" MeTacpaaaKoix aaasaji CBeroayK* 
Teopaio TeTe. B cymiioCTH, Teopaa TeTe He MeTa<pH3Hjca, noTOMy hto — rpaAa- 
uaouaa oaa; MeTatpaaanecKoe ocBeineaBe ecTb oaho as bosmohciimx; ho MoryT 
6biTb a HHbte: naaaManecKoe, ncaxanecKoe, cnapaTyajiacTaHecKoe, — a TaK 



♦GNS. II Band, Metaphysik, XXXVn. 
"GNS. II Band, Der Realismus, XXXIV. 

181 



Aajiee, flajiee... MeTatpasn^aa xeopaH cae-ra b tom juum. cubicjie, noacajiya, hto 
OHa He TOJtbKO ecTB (pnsaxa, bo OHa — h Bee npoiee. 

CseTOBaH Teopna TeTe xotm 6brri> cbctoboio rpaaauaea: to ccti> xoner 
6brn> — KpyroGerymaiiB cifbicjiaiia flBeHaflqara nocTpoeHna, npejioauieaHbix 
b BacTpoeBHflx, b Toaax b BsamiBbix hx KOHTpanymrrax: xoieT 6bm> ueTaiiop- 
(poaoio CMticjiOB, Be onpeflejimibix b TepmiHax iiexaBHKB a MeTO/paca ifbmuie- 
hhh; anexeBTU iiexaHBKB — npoeKuna jkh3hh CMbicjios b oabob tojo>ko 
bjiockocth: b co3aaHHB Bainea. Ecu HHbie co3aaHBH: rpaa,anaoBHaa npeacraB- 
naatocrk ecn> npeACTaBJiaeMOcn. aaoro coaaaHaa; noaaaaaBae b ctom coaaa- 
bbb Be flaeT no3HaBHH b auneu paccyflOHHOu cubicjie. rpaflainM — hi 
ajienearfci noaHaaaji b aameM CMbicjie, an KoimjieKC ajieifeaTOB; aa oaa 

— opraHB3u; opraanica TeTe ecTb nonuna npo6HTbCB b nJiocxocn. auoro 
co3HaHXH, crpoaiaero b no3Haiomero opraHH3Mbi, rfle opraaH3iii»i — npoeKnaa; 
opraBHSauaH ae onpeAejuaeT ipaAainuo; BBAnBBAyaJiB3anHJi — onpeaejweT 
TOiaee; cmmcjim b sea — sui generis BHOBBBn.yyMi.1, kbk sui generis HHflHBHAy- 
yu — "fl"; ociibicjntBaBHe mjieaaa a rpaaaaaa ecn. Moe yqacnie b upyre 

— flpyrax HHflHBKflyyMOB; Moe ynacnie b ax sui generis »cb3bh; oho ecn. 
co-o6meaHe cmmcjiob, rn.e a — cubicji b apyrax: mm o6pasyeu co-ApyacecrBo 
HHflBBHflyajn>BOCTeH; HHflHBHflyyMM apfio, cmmcjim. 

rpaoanaa — o6inecTBO, cobct, aepapxaa. 



§ 103. AOrMBTHHeCKHH "KOHCL)MeHTH3M" 

rpa«aitHH — ae Teopaa saaaaa. 
Aaajni3 no3HaBBTeju>Hiix bktob hbh abut Yjieaeane: no3HaBaTejn,nbrx 
(popii; Hanajio HJieaeaaa (nOTeanaa pacHJieaaTi.) jieacaT b CTpaae pa3yaa, 
CHHTera«iecKoe e#HHCTBO Bcex iJieHOB jibjkbt hb rpaaaue paccy/nta b y npefl- 
ABepaa pa3yna (cacreiia), a iJieHM (cacreiiaTKHecKBe iiohhthh) Kopeaarca 
b paccyflKe: noreainiH k TBopiecTay KoopAHHanna bobbthb (cBcrexHOMy TBop- 
YeciBy) ae co3BaBae>ia b BOHBBajrasiie a peajnwsie, to ecri> b Tepiaaaax 
(pajioco(paH Banna mica; oaa ecn. Ta cKpuraa BJiacn., KOTopaH aanpaBJiaeT 
Teopaio aHaHHB 6biTb t&koh, KaKOBofi oaa noHHMaeTca y coBpeiieaBMx jcicjih- 
Tejiea: "H ajioxeHKe 3tbx MMCJiaTcnea bmuihabt k a k 6m 

lUHyXACHBUH CXpMTOI B BIX BJiaCTbH), KOTOpOH Oil B 6 

xejiaiOT oiflaiBCi.,. H laxie bjibcth atnyi b iinpe imcjii 
y ^ a ji i> t e a, 3 a k e a a, Korea a"*... 

TaK roBopaT ff-p nhenHep. 

Ha Bepnmaax TeopeTa<tecKoa umcjih »Ta cxpuiaa ijiacit npooaaaeT- 
ch TpeaoatHbiMH TOjiHKaim acxaBBB, BcnMimtaifn aaaBJieaaa, nanemn Ha Ka- 
Kae-TO HHbre, coBpeMCBBOB ubicjw flajieKHe py6eatH, npanoAbiaaeTCH Map 
■ hoi mmcjibb naflaex — no# rpoGosoio njnrroio paccyAo^HBix npeHpaccyA- 



• RPh. n Band, 227. 

182 



ROB B rpaHeo. B«pyr, Hanpsuep, mm MBTaeM: "flo jixeBCTioiaaa e... 
npe6uBiei BOcneaaflM npe/)iieTOn nojaaaBs'"... 

Bee b ctob (ppa3e xapaxrepao hbji; BbioBHraHHe "jiojiaceHCTBOBaBBji, 

■ cymaocTB, HaM aojmkho B3neHBTi. caMoe npeacraBJieHHe o noaiiamiH, noToiiy 
Tro no3HaiiHe b aameM cii&icjie npoayn — aojiaceacTBOBaaBH; aojiaceacTBOBa- 
hbc Be MoateT 6brrb npeAMCTOM noaaaBna b stom CMbiwie, a kbk pas c k p bi - 
T o ft BJiacTbio. Jl^nx Toro hto6 oho Morao cTaTt npeAMeTOM noaHaaBx, 
no3HaHBe b uameii CMbicjie aojihcho ot "n p e n u e t h o c t b" OTKa3a-rbCH 

■ 6brn» 6ecnpeauerabai. B oahob npaaeAeBHOB mboh <pP a3e cjiwnnnrcB 

■ cipuTai BJiactB (B033BaHne k flOJiaceHCTBOBaHHio) a rpofoBai 
OJiBTa (ynoMBBaBHe o npeAMeTHocrB). 

Hjdi: cipuiai bjibctb BbipbuaeT y apyroro dnuiocotpa rjiy6oKO 
MpBoe cjiobo**: — 

— "<I>HJioco(pH h h Hbiae eiqe... npo^ojiwaet 
XJiaHHTbCB KpBTH <iecKH - He o c ubic aen uouy... AomaiBiecKB 
yisepxAaeiioiiy ipaxiy... ^oriiitiieoii loaciiBeBTiiv 
— bot ee nocjiequee credo. II o a maioii oBoacecTBJieBBB 
«ejiOBe<cecxoro coioaHia poflHJiacb o h a a p y k a x K a h t a; 

DO A 3H8K0M CJiyateHHS 3TOB o6orof BOpeBBOB 1BCTHOCTB 

Cyiqero npeGbisaei b CBoeii HUBemBcii pa3BBTBa;noA ana- 
xom toto we caiioro npeflpaccy^Ka c y ac a e h o eS, bo-bbab- 

MOliy, COBTB B MOTBJI y". — 

— A b toii ate eaceroAHBKe "Jloroc"" nenaTa- 
mcB pafloii c npBBOAHKbui mhob yTBepatAeHBeM craTbH, rfle "AorMaTHiec- 
lii KOHCUBeHTBS m"** BoxBBaeT ii.no/ibi cbob b nyiaHOH nocTaHOBKe 
aoapoca 06 oTHomeHHB cy6*eKTa k aeftcTBHTejimocTH***. 

Tfle (|>HJIOCO<pHfl, BO BbipaaceHHHJ MHOB BpBBOABMOB UBTaTJbl, "xJIlBHCT- 

oa"... AomaTiiecKovy koh cuhchth 3M y, Tan Be (pa jioco<pbi, 
A flo6poacejiaTejia AornaTa ot KtieBB AoraaTa noaaBJiaioT BCHicyio ue3aBBCH- 
|Mcn> oTBOuieHBB r (pHJiococpHB co6cTBeHHo; KaK Ao6poacejiaTejm Aonaia ot 
BMCBb florMaTa nocrynaWT, Mbi BB^ejiB Ha 3mbjibb MeTBepe, ROTopbm ot hmcbb 
|Df GaojioraHCCKB Bsjnoro — "k o h c m a e h t a 3 m a" o6pymBBaerca aa bosb- 
hbm) fl-pa IHreBiiepa b OTHoraeaBB k KaHTy: fl-p ace DlTeBBep yTBepacAaeT to 
pweaBO, "rro yrBepayjaeTCH hbob npBBOABMOB HBTaToa. HiaeBBo, c oabob 

I AlopoBbi: "3iaimocik leJioBeiecKoi uucni bosboahtci 
Kbbtom b nayiHoe y 6c»neua e****; ao c flpyrofi: SHanHMocTi. 3ra 

; ynepacAeHa Epamiecxaa pa36ope peaJibHOcra lAoraaiBiecxa B3jrra 

IIIOBXTBB lACaJIbHOCIi; AOTMaTBHea KaHTOBCKBB no3aaiOBpiB cy6i>eKT. 



* Puxapd Kpontp. "K apBTiwe (pHJiococpcxoro U0HB3ua n . Jloroc. 1913 r. Krrara 
perui h veTBeprax. 70. 

** B. JJmteHKo. "Hto tucoo dmjiocotpHa?" Jloroc. 1911—1912 rr. Kaara sTopaa 
I xpeTb*. 94. 

*•* E. BapucKO. "Cy6i.eKT b aeHCTBHTejibHOCTb". Jloroc. 1911 — 1912 rr. KHBra 
opaa h Tperui. 104 — 114. 

**** GEGW. Der Grand der Dinge und das Erkennen. 

183 



J^-p DXreibiep a/teci> yTBcpayjaeT cjiobbmb uuob npBBOAHMOB iiBTaTbi: 
"<I>B ji oco<pan... npoflOJiataeT k ji aH jjti,ch... flo m a thh e ck h yT- 
BepXAeaHOMy tpaxTy... ^oiHaTiiecKHa k ou cqa e hth 3M 
— bot ee nocjieAHee cjiobo". 

H npH3Hasafl 3Haiemie "KOHCUHeHiH3Ma" b yKpenjieHHH can oco3aa- 

BHU, A'P IIlTeflBep, 0AH8KO, OTMCHaeT H BeR36eWHbie CJieACTBHH "kobch.b- 
eHTH3Ha". 

Tax roBopirr oh: — 

— "CipeHjieBBi boboto b p e m e h h fl e h c t b y - 
kit cpcACTBam, cjiyacaiqHMH k BWCBo6oatflennio caifocoa- 
Haioiaero "H" H3... fleiciBBie jiihocib"*. — 

— B npeoAOJieHHB "a o r - 
vaiiii KOHcaHenTH3Ma" — ocBo6oataeinie ot uenpaBofi ocBo6owfleH- 
hocth. B npoTHBonociaBJieBBB mmcjib npegftery, a cbjmhhhocth npe^MeTa 
h Mbicjn, bo b3bthh caHOB mmcjib "n p e a m e t o m", xax "c t a b m e a", a He 
"cTaHOBawencs" — paocTBo mmcjib; 3Aeci> aBTop ciaTBH "Hto eCTB 
<pBJiocod>H *?" 6jmsanccii x «-py UTreBHepy; paccMorpeBBe mmcjib Kax 
npoAyxra, xax (popMbi, BMecro iioajibhhob bcbsbb b mmcjib, b npBBOAHT, no 
A-py DlTeBHepy, x HOMHHaJiH3Hy, x HOMeaxjiaType, x "c ji o b a m": "E c ji h 
6h ohb BbinuiB B3 qapcTBa... (popji, obi 6m npamjiB k... 
ABBbcbmob npe ACTa b jihcm octh"**. 

B TaXOM npBBTHH MMCJIB npCAMeT MMCJIB, 

tpopiia, ajix coBpeneHHbix AomaToa Be uoxer ae xaaaTbca yiepHaHMM; b 3tom 
cMbicjie onHTb-TaKB npas npBBOABMMB mbob aBTop: — 

— n <b BJIOCOtpCKOTO 
n03BBBBH B XH3BeBHOM CMMCJIC. T8K It H e T, KaK B6T 

b stom CMMCJie HBxaxoro noiBaaii". 

OeraeTCH "ncixojiotaiecm bihtii" bcb3bi> b nponecce: b mmc- 
jorreJibBOM pocre, GecnpeAMeTBO cboGoabom, — acmiib b h y t p b caiaoB mmc- 
jib: b ohb npaBOABT — KMeTaiiopcpo3e BibicjiBTejibBOCTB. Mbicjn, 
bbjibctcb 3Aecb — cytnecTBOM; cymecTBO, no A-py IkTreHBepy, ecn, bach; Hflea 
Be cyG-beKTHBBaa: b OHa — ae "noHUTHe paayita": "B a a e e nireeii mm h e 
noAoGie jibbib tot o, Hero miea...; hu Hue cm acxoMoe***. 

H BOHBTBO CTBHOBBTCB, HTO XOIBT Bbipa3BTb npiBORI- 

hub KflOB B. flxoBeaxo, k o r a a o cpnjioco<pHH — yisepx- 
Aaei oa Ban : - — 

— " By Ay ii B3HTa, xax noiBaiaiejikioe nepeacaBa- 
Bie, OHa opeACtai jiner... ciieay ncHxmecnx coctohbbb; 
6 y a y i h b 3 h t a, xax 3 a a a b e cymero, o h a ccti c a m o C y - 
me e"****... "h6o b no3Haioin.HH cy6ieKi yTBepat na. eici, xax 



* RPh. II Band, 234. 
••MuKG. ITorir. 8. 
••• GN5. H Band. XXXIV. 4 

****B. HtiowHtto. "Hto Tame dmjioco$u?" 98. 

184 



oahii ia HaveoTOB cymero, Ko-ropoe h Bocnojimei c o 6 o a 
* h b ji h e i Bee, HajmiHoe. "Bce-iio-Ecn"*. 

— "H — npHHOine- 
HHe, fl — xepxBa, fl — Aapti npenKaii; fl — aaacniaiomaa Tpaaa, H — u aHTpa; 
fl — Tuxe b uacno, a oroHb, m caiioe xepTBOnpBHOmemie. fl — Oreu 
BcejieaaoB, Man, Onopa, Ilpe/tox, ...HenoaaaaBbiB Hctohhbk... CBauieimoe 
Cjiobo... fl — IlyTb, Cynpyr, TocnoAHH, CsaAexejib, 06ineju>, y6eacain.e, 
Bo3Jiio6BBinHB, Hanajio, Pacna«eHHe, OcHOBaaae, CoxpoBauniBUa, aeBCTOuni- 
Moe Ceiu... fl — 6ecciiepxHe, a Taxace cuepTb; fl — 6bnae a HeGbime" 
(BxarasaT-rina, 6eceo.a 9-a)". fl — BauiHy; as scex cbhhbb fl — jryiqsapBoe 
Cojniae; as serpoB fl — Fjiobb BeTpoa; iia scex co3Be3/jBB fl — jiyHa. Ha Ben 
fl — necaoneaae; B3 CseToaapHbix fl — Haopa; bs Bcex HyscTB fl — Maaac; 
B3 Bcex bcbbmx cymecTB fl — coaaaaae (BxarasaT-rBTa, 6eceaa 10-a). 

Tax oraeiaeT cosHaaae, xoiopoe ecn> CymecTBO — "Bce-iio- 
E c t i." — yieaxxy nyxa Horn, ApoacyHe. 

"Toraa Apaacyaa, noxpaceHHbia BaymieuBeu, c BOJiocamu, BcraBurasiH 
jno6<m, ckjiohbji ranoay" (BxaraaaT-rirra, 5ecefla 11-a). B cyurjiocra aon- 
poinaeT ApoBcyaa y "B c e-n t o-E c t i", xaxoBo oho — "Bce-iio-Ecn".,. 
H "B c e-i i o-E en" OTBenaex: "H a icex jkbbmx cyiqeciB fl — c o - 
aHaaae"... 

Mucin BoaBOOBTca b uapciBO "CyaMsro"; mmcju> — "cyupiea" cyfiMXTa. 
H scraex sonpoc: "Hto ecn, Mwcjib". Mbicju. supacxaex nepea coBpeiieB- 
BfcM (pBJiococpou, xax npefl ApuscyHoio KpHinaa; h CJiosaua ApAxyHbi co- 
xpeHeBHBiB (pajiococp OTseTBT soBymeuy — "Call T w — Bee" (Bxara- 
aaT-rBTa, Decega 11-a). 

Kax BoaaeceaaaB b uapcTBO "c y m e r o", "Bce-npeAMexHaa", 6ecnpeAMer- 

aaa, cava b ce6e acBByujaa Ubicjib — nBTymimi. IIpoHHiiaa xepMBBOjioraio 

Texe, um aojukbju b aea azuerwa. nonwxKy — npeoAOJieaaa "floraain- 

tecioio KOHCqBeHTB3ija n B nocTpoeaHB oprauojiOTBB, BCAyiaen k iie- 

raiiop<po3e BAea, x npixuxi mmcjtb xax cymero h yxsepacAeHBio BHxy- 

BiqiH; fl-p niTeauep xapaxTepaayeT sax HHTyaxaBayio bcbsbb t a k o a iiuc- 

Ab; b Heii mm, "m bi c ji a, c o 3 e p u a e b h, c o 3 e p u a a, m m c ji a m"**; 3epao 

. Mapa KopeHBTca TyT b BbiiiLneHBB; OTBomemie vapa b ubicjia — OTaoujeaae 

['•epaa x xojiocy; kojioc — caiia pacxyBjaa, CBOOOAHaa, npeAMexoji ae njieaeB- 

\ Baa ubiCJib; BCB3BB BayrpB mmcjtb — poci xojioca; b xojioce co3peBaeT 3epH0, 

»o ecxb nap; bs sepaa — npopeaceTCH kojioc; b oabom cjiyiae — kojioc b sepae; 

|i ApyroM cjiynae — sepHO b KOJioce; aagaHrr sonpocbi, hto "n p e a a e", hto 

&%n o c ji e"; paaAejieaae xojioca a sepaa, aeaymee x npoTHBonocTaa jichbio Mapa 

mucjtb — paccyflOHBbM "flomaTHiccEiii KOBCuaeHTB3a", ae 

aiBBB uecra CBoSoae — hb Mapy, ax Mbicjra. Map a Mbicjsb cnaasjieabi 

"cymea"; BHxejuieKTyaJibHoe cosepiiaaBe — nyib x bcb3bb mmcjih. H Tax 

BopaT flxoBeaxo: — 



* E. Hko*»hko. "Hto Taxoe 4>hjioc<k}>h>?" 99. 
** GEGW. Die organische Natur. 

18S 



— "^ jih (paJiococpCTByiomero m a ji o y 3 k o - 
ohto ji or h ne ck oro yiBepsfleaiia (p a jio co cp aa... <X>Bnoco<p 
A o ji ac e a onepapOBaTB n p a cioeii onoiBauai C y lq e r o t a K, 
i t o 6 bi ero cySiexTHBECmiecKoe npicyicme He h a p y - 
in a jio BHyTpeHHefi cymHocTH ero "npeflxeia"... 3io iyB- 
CTBOBajIB, noBHMajiB a 3Hajin Kan IIjiothii, iaK ii $axie. 
II e p b m h — o6oaHa<iaa ipmiecx h-a ocTuraeiioe b o 3 h e c e - 
Hie p a 3 y h a flo coiepijaHiH, KaK "decopia", Biopoi — neayi 
ero HHTejijieKiyajifcHUM co3ep uaaa eM"*. 

B 3toS tprraTe <pajioco<pa xapaKTepB3yeiiaH "cKpniai BJiacn" npo- 
puBaeTca c oco6oh> cbjiob; oco3Bauae scex cneacTBufi "npoptis a", Koae*mo, 
OTcyTCTsyer: a nJiaia rpo6oBaa "npefliieioii" onyTaaaoa MbiCJia 
ynaflaeT TOTHac: CTarai o6pbn»aeTCH. OcBoSoatAeaBe ot "npeAMeTHOCTB" — oc- 
Bo6o3KAeHae pa3yiia ot paccyaoHHux -ncaaeS; KaaT AomaTasapyeT "oGjiene- 
BHe"; o6pa3yeTCH Kopocr "KOBCuieuTiau a"; a aeraTHBHO, npn noiioiqB 
"xopoci a", pncyioTCH crpaabi "9ecopt'a", KaK cictcmu bobsthh; HHreji- 
JieKiyajibBoe co3epu,aaBe — nJiaBJieaae aeraTasa, ocBo6oacAeafle ot "npeAMeT- 
bocth", BeAyw.ee r Bae-apeAueTBOB, Mbicjnrrejibaoa kbshh; cHJia, Bbipbraaio- 
hhui Kbicjtb us (popMbi — BBBuaaae; ynpaacaeaBe "b b h h m a h b b" — pocT 
CHJibi MbicJiB b BiiecTe anepsbie y 3 a a h b e, «rro ecxt hbctbji Mbicjib, njiasamaa 
imp CTaBBTBX (popai b Kaneaae cpopiio-oGpaaoBaaBB b ynpa3ABflK>H*aa bbo- 
cjieACTBBB caMoe KsneaBe o6pa3BOCTa; auaraaauBB — KBneime o6pa3Hoe; 
aacnapauHB — «B3m> b caaiofi mmcjib; mnyawiB — mucju. casia; 3flect oHa 
— "b c e, h t o e c t b". 



§ 104. PaccyflOK m pa3yM — b rpaAai^HM 

rpaAaqaa — He Teopan saaaaH. 
Pa3yiiy a paccyAKy BOrpaHHHaa oua; pasyii aeraTBBao 6epeTCH Teopaefi 
3HBHIU KaHTa; a no3BTHBHO — paccygoic: co3AaeTca CBCTeiia — pa3yua 
b paccyAOMHOM KopocTe; no othoukbhio k TaKoa (pajiococpaa, <p BJIOCCM P H * 
aHTponocotpaa 3aapeAejn>aa; a~P fflTeaaep onpeAeJiaeT pa3yn KOBRperao; 
npoHBJieaBe Bapcisa pa3yua — caiia b ce6e cbo6oaho pacryinaH nbicjn>; Be 
6ecnjiOAaaa cneRyjiauKH, BeAymaa k BCKpaajieaBio pocra, a — pocT cbodoa- 
hmb, poer — b cym.ee: no oopasoBaHBB b "kojiocc" — irapoBoro 3epaa; 
pasyM, Boarouy, BHenoBHTBea; bohhtbh — oGjiacra (popii; nap noBXTBBBbia 
ecn» Map "craBHiero" CTaaoBjieHae b impe tom — onJieieHae "craBniBx" (popii 
paccyAOHHbui npaauBaou "npBiaHbi b AeacTBHH'"; "cTaHOBJieaHe" — BHenoaB- 

TBBBO, 6eCnpBHHBBO, KaK CyineCTBO 3KH3HB HblCJIB; CymCCTBO BCH3BB MblCJIB 

BMecTO "cTaaiincx" npeAHeTOB b (popii npOHBJiaeTCH b cymecTaax, KaK 6w 
BBAHBHAyaJibHO aaxByinxx; roBopio 3Aecb "xaK 6 m", noTOiiy hto noaHTae 
"hh abb a Ay yi«" ae Bbipaacaer aaii "cymero" b wb3hb; co6ciBeuHo hh- 



' E. fJicomHKO. "Hto raicoe <J>bjioco4>h*?" 101. 

186 



ABBKAyyw — paayji; mm see cyn. * HHAHBHAyyubi jimm. nocro.ra.Ky, nocKOJU.- 
Ky mm b paayne: He b iiohhthbbom pa3yMe Kama, a b pasyue boajihhbo 
"hhctom"; npoHBJieaae pa3yMa b "cymecTBax" ecu. npoflBJieube b hachx: bach 

— cyiqecTBa namea mmcjib; Hama mmcji& He ecn> Haiaa: oaa — caiia mmcju.. 

OnpeflejiHH paayii b HAeax, fl-p nirenHep b KaBTOBOM onpeAejieHaa aaea, 
KaK "iouiii h" pa3yita, bbabt contradictio in adjecto: onpeAejieaae pasyua, 
xax paccyflKa; "noHHTHe" — otbocbmo k paccyaxy; b TepMaa "noHine 
pa3yna" ecn. noxaaaTejo. nepeaeceBBH paccyflOHHofi o6jiacra b paayu, 
a priori JiOMawmee nap cymecTB b nycTonopoacmoio cyeiHio xaTeropaii; 
yHCTBeBKbia xaoc — OTCWfla; onpeAejieBae AHaJieKTaxa pasyica, xax npefl- 
ycraBOBJieHHbix 3a6jiy»AeHBB, ae onpeflejieHHe qapcTBa pa3yMa, a -roro, <rro 
b Ben noJiyiaeTCH, ecjia mm b aero bxoahm — - paccyflKOM: Taxoe BXoatfleHiie 
paccyaxoM BanoMHHaeT nocTynoK, yqaHeaaMB Bexorfla Jlyjuiaeii: Bi>e3aeaaBe 
b xpaM aa xoae; Kobt Ha xoae paccyAOHHMx ipopM Btexan — b xpaM pa3yiia; 

■ CTOJieTBe nocjie Kaara ot s-roro b xpaue paayMa AOMaaapyeT (pmiococpCKaa 
cyeiBH*'. 

IIepe6poc paccyaxa b mp pa3yMa b pa3yna b imp paccyflKa poatflaeT 
reTepoieaBoe h nycioe BoaxTae 06 Hflee: aaea — noaarBe pa3yua; aBToaoMaji 
pa3yva a priori Bapymeaa; aaeajn»Hoe, onpenejuu paccyAOHBoe, ae onpeflejui- 
mo nocjieABBii; onpeflejieHHe agea npo/ryxTOM — onpeflejieaae npeflonpeflejie- 
bbh npeflonpeflejieHHbiH; TpaHCHeaAeHTajLbBMB aaeajraaM nocTynaeT aflecb 
b OTBomeaBH x BfleajibBOMy uapy c tob caifoio jiotbkob, c xaxoa 
npB-MbnnJiea&e paccyflKa (BaSpanax) bmboabt paccyflox (paccyflOK — bb6- 
panaoBBbiB npoflyKT). TpaAaaxH b CBCTeiiaTBHecxoM aanajie no3HaBBH npo- 
ennpyeT ce6a xax noBHiie p a 3 y m a, b trap paccyflKa; b — hjichht 
paccyflOHBbiB imp; onpeflejieHHe rpaflainm a bobhtbxx noaBaaaaBH 

— "nonBens""; canoe cjiobo "r p a a a u h h" ec-n. au6jieMa ypaayifeaBfl b pac- 

CyAOHHttX TepMBBaX TOrO, 1T0 npOHCXOflHT B 3KB3HB Co6cTBeHHO hucjih; 
TaM, B MMCJIB ROBXpeTBOCTB MMCJBi; OBpeflejniMMe B TepMHHe 3TO sui 

generis xb3bb; xoaxpeTBocTB mmcjib cyn, bcb3bb; 3MaaapyeT ax — HBflHBHAy- 
yM; HBflHBHflyyM — pa3yii... — 

— "3 a fl a «j a uhcjih a b o a k a: b o - n e p - 
Bbix — co3flaHHe bobhtbb b p e 3 K o oiepieBHtix KOHTypax; 
BO-BTopux, coeABHeaae Tax co3a&bbmx enauanu hi x n o a h - 

TII B CflHHOo6pa3HOH qejIOCTBOCT a". — 

EflBH006pa3HBH HejIOCT- 

■ocTb afleci ae eflBHCTBO b aScTpaxaan, ae OTBJieHeaaaii cpaJiococpax, a co- 
ApyacecTBO paccyflOHBMx cmmcjiob b ax poCTe: 3a npeflejioM paccyflOHaocTa; 
DOBHTae afleci, — mejiyxa, paaopBaaaaji b3-boa aero pa36yxmaM aepaoii; oho 
npopacTaeT pocrxoH; b 3m6b Bcex npopocmax dohhthh, oxBaneaaMX seTpoM 
rpaflanaa, coScTBeaao a aaiaHaeTCH: eABBOoGpaaaaa n,ejiocTBOCTi»; a BOBce oaa 
ae b eflHBCTBe, aScrpaxTao bocbpbbxtom, xax, kohchho, AyMaeT MeTaep; ae 

■ noACTpaaceBBB a paBaeaaa cmbicjiob (cHHTeTHiecKOM "mohocc"), ae b ciieme- 
aaa cmbicjiob ("mohocom" axjiexTBHecxaM), ae b Tapaaaa CMiicJioaoro noaaTBH 
■•A ApyrBMB (florMaTBvecxoM "MOHOce") — b paTMe 3u6b MHoroo6pa3aa 

187 



cmmcjiob: b rpaaanaB, b xoaxpeTBOM Moaaaiie; Bbipaacaa paccyflOHHO 3bi6b 
3toh wu3UB, aiieeii mm: oaajieXTBKy; a c sea — rpvuffjtau; aaaeHaTJiesaa «ajiee 
A&ajieKTBKy Ha o&beKTax "onbrra", aueeM — ueTO/unty: njoopajunii. 

mnaJieKTBKa, paccyop<aio B3jrras, — cnexyjiHTBBHa; rpanauaoaao BSHTafl, 
OHa — 3ii6jienaTHKa; TeopcTBKO-noaHaBaTejitHO B3jrraa, OHa ecTb iieTOAaxa, 
noTOiiy hto MeToaaxa — flHaJieKTBKa cpaKTOB. 

B oflHOM CMiicJie BocnpaHHTbiH, rerejn. nycreainHB (pajiococp; reaaajn»Bea- 
maa Ten ne ueaee oh; ABajiexTaxa, xax TaKOsaji, hh«tto; B3HTaa xe b paccyaxe 
a b paayiie, OBa — cneKyjiHiiax" h acecTaxyjifluaH cumcjiob: fl-p DXieaaep 
Tereju 6eper b ocBeineHaa paayiia; b Tax BaaTbrii — oh reaBajieH; A-p 
DXieaaep TereJiB 6epei b cnexyjianaa; h yTBepacflaer: TeopexHKO-no3HaBaTe jib- 
bo rerejn. cjia6. 

IIpaBHJiuibj h noHHTHbi 06a B3HTKB TerejiH. He aoHaataeT Tyr Me-rnep 
a yaBBJiaerca: c oflHoa ciopoHbi, <paJioco(pBJi Tereju, no n-py DXreaHepy, He 
cao6oflua; c flpyroa — oh orpoKabia <pajioco<p. HeaoHBMaaae mbicjih fl-pa 
HETCHHepa — npocTo xaxoe-TO "TpyflHO«yMB e"; "Tpyflao-AyMae" 
— ot co-cympcTBOBaHHH rpy6o HyBCTBemibix npeflCTaBJieHHB a 6ecnjiofliibix 
a6cTpaxin(B (TaxoBo cbohctbo mbicjib y MeTBepa); Bee aaeajiuioe bm crymaer- 
ch — b HyBCTBeHHocrb; jih6o xe aspMBaeTCa nepcTBO — paccynxoii; b oh 
BMayacAea: to HyflOBHinao fl-pa EQTeihiepa nepecyunuiaTb, to nyfloBBiHHO 
ynjioTHHTb. 

"TpyflHO-ayMHe" ot pauaoaajuuiia, nepeceieHHoro ceucyajuuMOM, ot cea- 
cyaJiH3Ba, b KOTopua BnaBaeTcH cxeuaTBaa; TpyflHoysiae — b cxsaTxe o6oax: 
obo HanpaBJiaer ubicju. asropa. 



§ 105. AHTponocoitMui h rpaHtui>i noaHaHMn 

Ilpa noMonra a6cTpaKTHeHinea cxeifbi "iobitic p a 3 y h a" 
onpeflejiaeT paccyflOK afleio; hohhtho ate: npa TaxoM noHauaRmi aflea oaa 
npao6peTaeT jrann> peryjiBTBBHbrii xapaxTep. B Teopaa nosaaBaaafl paccyflon- 
aocTb oopanqeaa Ha ce6a: a AoniaTBSii — orpaHHieH. Tyr B03HaxaeT sonpoc 
— o rpauauax nosaaBBH. 

B cyuniocTB, ae npaaoiiepea oa; lioxeT 6brn» jraim. Bonpoc o rpaHane 
nosaaaaa paccyjnca; bohoub cymeeiBe CBoeif bocbt He tot cmbicji, xaxoa eiiy 
npaflajia; npaBooa paccynoiaoe nosHasaHae k MeTo/ni«tecKo«iy a CBH3ya aeTOfl 
c o&beKTOM, to ecrb aanpaBjiaa mctoa aa seiHb, io>i bbahm, hto nosaaHBe 
if eroflHiecKoe coBnaflaeT c rpaHBuaiia MeTOfla, to ecTb oao — ae Bae-ipaHanao, 
a — BHyTpa-rpaHHiHo; HenpaBoaepHoe npa-iibimjieHBe cubiCJiOBbix aocTpax- 
ubb paccyflKa, aaspamaH canoe aaaaaMeHae noaaaBaaBJi MeTOoaHecxoro, a no- 
poxflaeT Bonpoc o rpaaBue; sonpoc o rpainme no3iiaHHB ecTb Bonpoc: o uanajie 
axra noaaaaaa b o ero OKOHHauaH; ho axTbi noaaaBBH yfloajieTBopaiOT sejie- 
hhk> no3aaBaTb; 3a-rpaHHHHOCTb paccyflOHHbix axTOB He ecTb npeflcraBJieHHe, 
aaapaMep, o pa3yuHOu nosaaBBB Bae paccyflKa, a npeflCTaBJieHHe oGiexTa BHe 
axTa, rfle ooieKT nojiaraeTca, xax aue jtexamaa "r e a"; sonpoc o rpaHaue 3fleci> 

188 



nepeaaiTOK peajmcTaiecxoro nontarmaita, to ecTb aGcTpaKTiiaa cnexyjumaH 
HeasscHToa aeTacpnaaKa. 

Cjie^yeT, no A-py IIlTeaaepy, mbicjihti.: ecjia b uac noAHHiiaeTCx chi>icji, to 
canoe noa«.BTBe Bonpoca o CMbicrce ecu. cmmcji, a He nojioaceime ero, xax 
aDCTpaxnaa; b stom CMbicjie — cmmcji ecn>; Hao6opoT: bchkoc pacnbuieHae 
Bonpoca o cu&icjie ecn. jnum noKa3axeji&, hto sonpoc o cm bicjie HeocMbicjieaao 
Haini nocraBJieH. BiiecTO yCTaHOBJieaaH rpaaaubi (rpaHana — aceraa MeTOAan- 
aa), cjienyer flJia sa-rpaHHMUoro noacxaTb oboi itertom b HyatHOM MeToae 
sa-rpaHBMHoe npeBpaTBTCJi b BHyrpa-rpaaHHaoe; cnexyjuarafl o rpaHanax ecu. 
cnexyjuunin npn noaonra mctoab, oTopsaaHoro or o&bexTa. 

IIoaHaBaHBe — - nociocTopoHHee Bcerfla. 

Ho eABBoro noaHBBaHaa Her; no3HaaauBe saaacaT ot coctobhbh co3hbbiu; 
ecn> — noanaBaHaa; ex cahhctbo — b rpaAaaaa. B stom CMbicjie a OTKJioHxeT 
Han A-p IttieaHep J^joGya-PeaiaoHOBCKaa jiosyHr o rpauaue noaHBHHH 60 . Kor.ua 
flio6ya-PeHMOH ycTaaaBJuiBaeT HeB03MoatHocTb BbisecTH 3axoHbi co3Haaaa H3 

30JCOHOB ABHBCeHHB, 3TO BOBCe He 3HBHHT, <TTO Mil CTOHM y rpallUMbl, a 3TO 

shbhht: mm co-otbochm HecooTHOcmiocTii; cooTHeceuHe necooTHOcaMoro 

— aSeppauaa aoraxa; uecooTHOCHMOCTb He ec-n, HenoaHaHiie; Heno3HasaeMbi 
uypaBbHHbie jianxa npa H3y*ieHHH HejioBeHe,CKHX najibueB; sto BOBce He 
SHaHBx: aypasbHHbie jianxa HenosaaBaeMbi; h bobcc He 3naHirt, hto onoauaane 
uypaBbHHbix jianoK b CTpyirrype najtbueB ecu. npeAMeT no3HaBaHiifl. A6ep- 
painaa Henero no3HasaTb; hbao ax otkjiohhti.; rpaab no3HaHHB — aGeppaTBsua 
BcerAa. IIpeAMeT Bceraa nosaaBaen, mm ate npeaMeTa a uei; BosmutHOBeHne 
Beno3HaBaeiioro "npeAMeTa" ecn. BcerAa noxaaaTeju. xoHua npeAMeraoro iibiin- 
JieasH h Hanajia KumjieHHfl 6ecapeAMeTHoro; to ecTb »H3Hb caaoa ubicjui 

— npeAABepue aapcTBa pasyaa; y npeAABepaa axoro paccyAOx Baa cosAaeT 
■6eppauHH>: "npeAMeT 1 ', nepexHHyTbrii npe3 rpaHany; 3a-rpaHa«nibiB npeAMeT 
ecn. xh3hi> b ce6e Mbicjiu: H3MeHeune xapaxrepa MbiinjieHHJi. 

Ho Jiora<iecKBa annapaT aaropa pa3MbniuieaaB o Tere He noHHMaex 

■ Tyr, OTTOro oh becnoMoineH npeA "opraHaxoa" TeTe: "ciauoBJie- 
a a e " , MeTaMopcposy, rpaA&uaio BbmyatAea oh noHHMaTb: "cTa- 
■OBJiemie" — sbojuouhohbo, aeTaMop<po3y — HyacTBeHHO, rpaAainuo — ho- 
MCBXJUTypHo: to ecn. BiesxcaTb b xpaa Ha kohc Mbi He uowen MbicjmTb 

■ KAeax He noToay, vro HAeaHoe abuaJieHae 3a rpaHauea no3aaHHa, a noToiiy, 
lio, onpeAeJiBH hacio "noBineii pasyu a", a cosabio aoeppaumo: 
Many "suiaMa no sofle"; a namyna Tax, 3aKjTK>Haio a priori: nHCb- 
WanocTb HesosMoama; ho ctoht Mae iianaTb nacaTb aa 6yi<are iHenjiam, 

■ nepoM, kbk « AOJisceu B3HTb Ha3aA yTBepjKfleaHe; a saxjooMaTb: ecu, 
■oaao »a ocTb na cbM eH hocth. 

3axjnoMeHae — "nomine a a e a (p o p m a ji b a o" ecTb a6eppaqaa; 
c "(popMoio" ae cooiHOCHiia Haxax; ipaHHin.1 noauaHaa BbipacTaiOT 
\ — otcwab; ecjia 6bi ku cnpocajra: bosmowho jia BHe-noHHTaaHO MucjraTb 

BCJla B03MOBCHO, TO KBK, BM6CTO AOTMaTHKa O rpaHHIfaX B03BHKJIB 6bZ 

npo6neMa no3HauaB°. nea aoji»ho 6brtb nosaanae, kbkobo ero OTiiouie- 
b: 1) x AaHHOMy, 2) x AaHHOHy HeTOAaHecxa. 

189 



KaHT 3Toro Bonpoca no cynjecTBy Be pemmi: a nociaBBJi TyT — "hobc- 
DiCBTiiecni" AomaT; xaHTBaHCTBO, He pacceaBma /joniaTHHecKoa a6ep- 
panaa, TUjeTHO Tinajiocb a6eppauHK> 3ry "npoiHcayn" bo ace npo6jien&i 
nosaaHBa; b pe3yjn,TaTe xe nojiyHHJiaci.: MCTOABXa "a6eppain*OHHOro npoTHC- 
xa", HMeHyeMaH: aeo-xaHTMaBCTBO. Ha oerpae ero tojibko o n h t b b o 3 - 
nxaei sonpoc: neii aojixho 6i>ni> nosaaaBe? H, pemaa aonpoc, HeMBay- 
eno npHXOAHT k BejiesHia: Mbicjmra Mbicjn., xax jioranecKoe 6brrae. Mmcvu. xe 
He ecri. 6uiae; cxopea: "liucjie-Sbrrae". 

HTO Xe eCTb "MMCJie-6bITaBCTBeHHOCTb" 3Ta? 

Oaa — Cymee. 

HaAO OTseprHyn. MHoroo6pa3ae npeflCTaBJieHHH o itbicjia, <rro6bi noaan*, 
hto ecn> Hucjn>; A-p IttreBBep CTaBBT Bonpoc: airrponocotpcKoe yneHae o iibic- 
jib Tpe6yeT TOHnaainero OTAejieaaH ero or Bcex AoniaTHHecKBX nepexaTxoB 
ytieBBB o mbicjib; icicjib ecn. cymeerBO; 6bnae b nosHaHae nponaAaiOT 
b MwcjiBTejifcHOB xb3bb, xax BpoTBBonocTaBJieBBbie "npeAMeTbi" b (popMu; 

XH3BB MilCJEHTejItHaH XB3BI> B HBpe B CymeCTBaX MBpa MblCJIB; TaKOBafl 

XB3Hb BHTyBOBH; HTO TaXOe eCTB MblCJIb, flO BHTyBOBH MM Be 3Baeii; MblCJIb 

— BHTyBOBH. TyT BOIipOC, nOCTaBJieHBMB HxOBeBKO "<pBJIOCO(|) go- 

jixcb onepiposaTL npi cbocm onojeaEii Cymero tik, 
hto6m eio cy6i.eKTHBBCTBHe ck oe npicyicine Be aapy- 
majio BByipeaEei cymnocti ero npeflMeia" — npao6peTaeT 
KOBxpeTayio 3Ha«niMOCTb: xax onepaposaTi? Bonpoc o "noaHaBaiejii- 
hom npaKCHce n B oraejueT <pBJioco<pa HaioBX flHea ot crpaHU ILnoTBBa 

— Teopii: Bjnj stot Bonpoc — (pHJiococpcxaji uryTXa, paTopaxa h nycrafl 
cjioBecHOCTk; bjib s^ecb — BCTpena: aHTponoco<pHa c ocTpaeu (pnjiococpHH. 

AaTponococpBfl c 3Toro BxeHHO HaHBHaeT Bonpoca: kbk onepapoBan.? 
H pa3BBBaeT — Teopaio npaxcaca: yneHHe o leAiiaaHi; MeABTanBs — nyrc. 
ynpa3flHeHBS "cyStexiiBiciiieeKoio opicyicin h"; npeflMeTHaa 
npeflcraBJiHeMOCTb nocreneHHO oieaaeTCB b Heik: npeacTaBJiHeiiocTuo rpaaaoaoH- 
hob; rpaAanaa ecn» to, hto cnepBa y3HaercH, xax XB3Hi> — BHyrpa mbicjib; b3hb 
npBHep A-pa nTreaHepa*, ifoxeM Mil yTBepacaari.: o6br>moe npajioxeaae mbicjib 
k "n p e a m e t y" aanoMBBaeT y'rajuixapBoe OTaomeHae r sepHy: mm sepao 
norpeGjixeu; MexAy Ten oho paSBBBaeMO BHe noTpe6jieHHH — b pocroK xb3bb: 
pocTox poABT kojioc: b Kojioce HajiHBaeTCH ae oabo 3epao, a MHorae sepaa. 

Maoro3epBBCTOCTB kojiocom npopacTaeMbix, He noTpe6juieMbix, bo nocejm- 
Hbix 3epeH — bot KapiHHa rpaAaoBOHHoro yMHOxeHBH cmmcjiob b MeTaMop- 
(po3e xpyroBoro o6bk!bbh, rAe rpaHBObi no3HaHBH — mejiyxa — yBBHToxeabi, 
a rAe mmcjo. - — caMa b ce6e xb3bi>; Taxaa xa3Hb — Jioraxa, a XBByinBB ecn. 
Jloroc; BBABBBAyajibBoe nojiynaeT jnmxb b sea 3H8HeHae iHAXBiAyyva; 
aHTponoMop4>HOCTb eCTb npoexipui BBABBBAyyMa; aHTponoM0p<pH3M npeoAOJie- 
BaercH b Mbicna; bo aGcrpaxqaa npeoflOJieaaeMbi aBTponoMopcpBbm BejieHaeM: 
npBBBTBca 3a nosBaBaTejOaHbia npaxcac. 



* RPh. II Band. Skizzenhaft dargestellter Ausblick auf eine Anthroposophie. 
227—255. t. 

190 



£ea luueHeHHJi Haimix Bcex ■ npeflCTaBJiemiH o mbicjih, 6ea B033BaimH 
x nocTyjiaTaM, BCTaioinHM Ha Kpynax no3HoHHJi, HenoHHTHO aHTponocotpcKoe 
y<teuHe o mbicjih; oho mjioiiaeTca hjih b paccyflOHHtrii oKKyjn>TH3M, hjih 
b mhcthhcckhh, TeMHO-ManraecKHH, 6ojie3HeHHbri« xaoc; npHHHTHe auTpono- 
co<pHH Rax aGcrpaKUHH, hjih KaK TeMHoro xaoca eerB HOKa3aTeJU> Toro, kuk 
■ Hefi hoaxoaht h c Htu r Hea hoaxoaht; KpHTHKa yneuuB o mbicjih, KaK nero-To 
•6cTpaxTHoro, eciB noKaaaTeju.: aocTpaKTHOCTH KpHTiuca; KpHTHKa ero, KaK 
6oJieaHeHHO-xaOTHHHOio, ecx* noxaaaTeju>: 6ojie3HeuHoa xaonHHiioc-ru KpHTH- 
Ka; aHTponocotpcKoe yiemie o mbicjih B3bmaeT: k paAHxajibHOMy npecymecTB- 
JieHHio scex npeacTamieaHH o mbicjih; 6ea Hero yneinie 3to npejioMJiaeTca no 
o6paay h hoaoohio npeJiOMJunomero; h 6opi>6a c yneHHeM 3thm bbitjihaht: 

fopbOOH CO CBOHM COOCTBeHHbIM ABOHHHKOM. 



§ 106, AHTpOf10CO<t>Mfl M TBOpMR 3H8HMH 

MbiimieHHe — He H03HaBaTejiBHbiH am; He b cywie hx — MBmuie- 
■He; TeopHH 3HanHJi BcxpbiBaeT HopMbi noaHaHHJi; Ha Bonpoc ace o tom, hto ecu, 
mbicjib, He OTBenaeT OHa; ho eio oHa npeAonpeAejiaeT 6BitHHCTBeHHOCTB; mbicjib 
npoxooRT ckbo3b — HbumieHHe b no3HaBaTejtbHux cpopMax, npeflonpeflejia- 
mishx HpeAMeTHOCTH 6bithh; BHacejieacaiQ.ee ecn, KOHcipyKinui: 3Ta KOHcrpyx- 
inu — ycBoeHHBiH o6pa3 MHpa; He ycBoeHHbrii o6paa ecri> akhiibih xaoc; KaK 
TBXOboh — imp He AeHCTBHTejieH; b 3asepineHHH aKTa noaHaHHH mbicjib 
ooAHHMaeTCH ao ypoBHfl ieopeiiKO-noiBaBateJitBoi mbicjih; nojiy- 
•laeu KapiHHy KOHCTpyKTHBHO AaHHBix aaii cpopM; cpopMBi mbicjih — "n p e a - 
mcthocth"; HHCTax mbicjib, BKJUOMaH TeopHio 3HaHHH, b hhx eine CKptna; 

B HHX OHa TB "ciputai BJlaCTB", KOTOpaH CTpOHT MHpBI ^HJIBTeB 

■ Koreua, ho KOTopyM CTpoinejiH He ocosHaJin HHKax: "lOBCiiieBiiii m", 
n ey6i>eKTHBHCTHHecK0e npucyiciBje" npenaTCTByiOT ocoauanuio. 
Hx MHpbi mbicjih 3aHHMaiOT MecTO b rpaaaUHH: TepMaH KoreH — p a n a - 
oil aJiHCTHiecKHH JioriEB acneine HBiyniiBiisiia, 

KoMneTeHUHK cospeMeHHOH Teopmi no3HaBauna b stom nyincTe o6opsaua. 
Bume — 110 BBiine? OojutHHBiH nocTyjiaT: mbicjib mbicjihtb JIorocoM. H c ny- 
uni cjieTaeT Bonpoc: tto ate ecrrB mbicjib? 

CoBpeueuHaa TeopHH no3uaBanHJi He OTBenaeT Ha 3to. IIoBepHyBiuHCB 

■ OiopoHy nocryjiaTa KaTeropnajibHO bohtok) "cymaocn 10", m many tojib- 
■O "bbjibmh": BHHCBiBaio oflay h3 ABeHaAuaTH KaTeropuH — b MHp Cymero. 
A(0TpaKinai OTJieTBWT ot mbicjih; h mbicjihtb o mbicjih 6ea o6paiD,eHHH k npax- 
Ocy h Mory tojibko o6pa3iio; "o6pa3HOCTB" ecxb npnsuauue "cy6i>exi2Bii- 
OIliecKoro npicyiciBi «"; oTBJieneniiocTH — Heacejiaiuie eio npu3ua- 
UTb; o6pa3H0CTb xyT — qeciHa; OTSJieneHHOCTB — cpaJibinHBa; npeoAOJieinie 
06pa3HOdH — Ha TepracTOM nyn MeAHTainiH; yMepiDBJieiaie o6pa3iioro a6cT- 

PBRHBIM HeHHCTBLH, 6ojie3HeHHBIH aCK6TH3M. 

Bh6 MeAHTaTHBHOrO y3HaHHfl HOAJIHHHOH HpHpOABI MblCJIHTejIBBOCTH 06- 

pUHO a Mory CKa3aTb jiHinb oaho: mbicjib, KaK h h, HHAHBHAyyM; h — OTpaace- 

191 



ho h — b icicjih; o6pa3Hocn>, BeAyman K chmbojum- 
«iy, necTnee, KpnTH«mefl aocrpaxiniH — Tan, r«e Her euje cpeacTB y (pajioco- 
(pa c^ejiaTb ee opranoii <jpHJioco<pHH; ■ <pHJioco<p b "opraHHsanHH", t. e. 
b caiiofi o6jiacTH hm jho6boioh Co<pHH (b (Jnuiocoipiui coSctbchho) — airrpo- 
nococp. 

BceiiorymecTBo kmcjih oco3aaBO Teopaen 3HaHiu; ho stbh oco3uaHo: 

"ctpUTII BJiaCTl." B TCOpHH 3H8HHH eCTfc; HeOCOSHaHHe 3TOH BJiacm, 

npoTHBJieHve bjibcth, a6cTpaxTHoe npeAcraBJieHHe o Mucin, •rro npaaoABn 
k rpoxecxaji; "rpoTecxH" ace — He crpanmu; b hhx — cyflopora paccy/nca, 
crpeicHinerocs bo hto 6m to hh ctbjio 6bm> MbimjieHHK) HAeHTHTOboi; "rpoTec- 
kh" He noxaaaTejm 3a6oJiesaHiu MbicjiH, a 6ojie3HH paccyoxa, bs stoto xHJioro 
rejia BhicBoftoacAaeTCii csoooAHas mmcjik; aromu — ae b mhcjih. 

Mbicjn. — KOHKpeTHoe cyinecTBO — CHHiiaeT c rjia3 Hamax inopbi. He 
Bceiioryina. mmcju. h — Teopn* 3HBHHH na/iaeT; pynnrrcH ee 3Ha<nuiocTfc, KaK 
uayKH Hays; noaTOMy Teopsui 3hbhhji BbtHyatACHa yTBepatnaTb — Bcesioryme- 
ctbo MbicjiH, to ecTb — xoHCTpyxinuo impa no cjiosy Tepiieca: — 

— "Pa3yii 
Bte — Ear oien"'. Mil He Moxeii He Ubtcjam, caibor Teopmo shbhhx; 
uejiocTHocTb xapaxTepH3yeT ee; iuu ne MOxeM He Mtucjnm. ee xax c h c - 
t e m bi; b Mtiofliit — HJieHM CHCTeMbi; OHa — KOBCTpynpyeT, coAepwaaiie 
era flejniTCH Ha Mero;nnecKoe a — coaepwaHHe coScibchbo; co6ct- 
oeHHO coAepacairae a&hhocth — xaoc xsnemiH, "cTaHOBJieHHe", a He "era- 
Binee"; "craamee" — tpopua; "cTaBinee" — b MeroAe. JJjih Teopaa 3HaHBs 
xapaKTepsbi — 

— 1) MoHH3M. 

2) MeTOflH3M. 

3) CxCTeMaTH3M. 

— 4) KoHCTpyxinia. 

— 5) "CTaHOBJieHHe" xax C0AepwaTejn>Hi.iH xaoc. 

3tot xaoc OHa npeBpainaeT: b imp "craBitnix" (popx, xaxoBbnia hbjuhotcb: 
SJieMeHTbi, Koiauiexcu, MexaHHSMbi u opraBH3Mbi, BneiaTJieHHa, pasapameHM, 
noHBTHx "pa3yMa" b paccy/nca; AaaHOCTb, pacnaAaacb b hhx, CTaHOBHTCH: 
iieTOAHiecxoH AaHHOcrao; a cxcTeiia Hayx — so3HHxaeT otcjoab. 



§ 107. AHTpOnOCO<t>Mfl MblCJIH 

"CHCTeMoio" TeopHfl SHaHHB b Haiini abh orpaHHHHJiaci.: nocjieA- 
Hee o6i>xcHeHHe MHpa — b CHCreiie noBffnu; no OTHomeiraio xo sceii Apynm 
BHe-HbicjieBHi.ni o&bHCHeHHHM Taxoe o&bHCHeHne — npasHJOoioe; ho nocxoJtb- 
xy Ha Hbicjui ecib xopocTu AorMaTHHecxoro "kobciihchthju a", nocTOJu.- 
xy oSbBCHeHHe "cicieiiaiateciae" He nocjiejmee o&bacHejnie; oho 
— o&bHCHeHHe b "c t a b in e m", b "cioiiqe u"; xax xaicoBoe, ctoht oho. 



* Ha xhhtb JIyn Menapa: Heimes TrisiMgiste. 

192 



CacTeaa ace — OTpaxeaae rpina.wm; Bee noafl-nu cacreMbi b ipaAaaaa 
HavaniOT spontanea; nepecraeu cnpainasaTi.; bbabm: Teieaae m&icjib. CaMHB 
sanpoc Nio ecTt hucjii." — a6crpaxaaa aaA aocTpaxuaaMa; m>icjn> 
nocrxraeiia b npouecce MbicjnrrejuHOH bchsbb, tojimco Be hbao CTaaan. boh- 
poca, o iea ara auram.: ohb — bcbsbi. b ce6e; b Hen mm — y ce6a; b stom 
cmmcjic OHa 6ecnpeAMeTBa. 

MucJDb oaonaer tepcs BBeAeaae b xpyr npeACxaBJiaeMOCTB rpanaipaoaaoB; 
a xaxoe BBeAeaae npespaisaeT a xpyr bbmx npeACTasJiaeMOCTea — b ee 
co6cTseHHfcdi xpyr; b xpyre le^eau cmucjiob; CMUcjioBaa a6cTpaxuaa xojieTca 
b Maorooopaaae cmucjiob; Maoroo6pa3ae 3to spaiqaerca: nanepeneBBO,.qpnap- 
bo b — Auee; aaxoaeu.: OABOBpeMeaao Bpamacrrca; npcACiaBJieHae craHOBurrca 
mbxbkob; b Maaaxy ui yxoABM; mbmbxb Be rosopBT, mbmbxb xaaaeT 6ea cjiob; 
OKxyjihnaii — orroro oxxyjn>TB3M, «rro cjiobo b uett nepecTaer 6i>m> tojimco 
TepMKBOii; b 3TOM cmmcjk naAaer same 3aa«Hae cjiob; BOCciaeT BHoe, acaBoe, 
aeo6ucBBMoe hum toro, xto cipaAaeT, no aupaaceaaK) HxoseHKO, "c y 6 1, e x - 

TBBBCTBHeCKBIi nplCyiCTBlCIl" B CJIOBC, TepMBBe, nOHBTBB, 

npeAcraBJieHKB. IIpeACTaBJieBBe 06 OKKyjivraaae, xax npHiyineii "bbito 
boa c n y a" — npeACTaBJieaae Taatejioe, rpyooe b coaepmeHHO aGcipaxTaoe: 
oxxyjivrasay aexyaa npjrranca, h6o ob aesecoMJ/ BoagyineB b npoHauaeT ace: 
b c e, iio ecT&; ero bbao aoBMara: oh — Hap mmcjib; mucji* ace nocTaraeTca 
y m e h b e m cran ee opraaoii; nyii k y m e a a 10 — b MeABTanaa. 

rpaAauaoaaaa npeAcraajueMocn. AOCTaraeMa; a b ee AOCTaaceHBB — nep- 
BOe npafuiaaceHBe xo BciOAy cymeay, He Taaaoay, tbx HaajbiBaeaoMy "oi- 
xyjibTBaM y"; ero aeBBABMOCTi. — or utenjieaaa b aac aapa Ha "n o a » r a e 
a n p e a a e t"; ae Taarat or aac "o x x y ji 1. t a a m": mm yraeau ot Hepo. 

B rpaAaaaa BAeojioraa — umaKa; Koaueaaaa — acecr aroa mbmbxb; 
BAeojioraa aAecb — 

— BBAaaBAyajifcaaB lepapxai mob o-a y o - a ji h> - 
pajibBMX 3 h 6 ji e a, rpaAaqaoaao t e x y m a x — 

— IIpoexHax aaTpo- 
nocotpaa b BAeoJionroecxoa ojiocxoctb — TaxoBa; "BAeojioraa" fl-pa IHrea- 
aepa — TaxoBa; cmucji — b TBopwcrse cmucjiob; ypa3yMeaae — cBepmeaae 
cmbicju; BAeojioraa — BAeanaa; to ecn>: Kaaeaae HfleojioraiecKoa aca3aa. 

HAeaqno aoacen mm, ycjioaao kohchho, OTueTurri., xax — 

- — HCTaiiop- 
tp o 3 y B033peaaa b AiajieimecKOH caMBOJiaxe cmucjiob, 
xax BJioaceaae o 6 p a 3 o b, iHfliBBayyuy aoAoGocyujax. 

— Ha- 
ABBBAyya, BJiaraKuqaa o6pa3M, ecn. jionreecxaa aaABBBAyya, MMcjieaao 
iepe3 aac ocymecTBJiaioimrii Map; Map tbopbmmb ecn, jioraxa, to ecu. tb 
coBOKynaocTfc B3 3epea, xoTopaa aaJtasaeTCJi b xojioce BUTexaKiiqea mmcjib; 
aocea aepea — flacT nojie; aepaa craayT — MapaMB. 

Map TBopaMua ecn. jioraxa, to ecn. Ta crpaaa, rjje BoacraHy 6y«y a, kotab 
6yAy a — JioraaecxaM hhabbbaom, oSpasoM a noAo6aeM Jloroca. 

7 Aospei Braui. PyBOJttiJ) DlTeaaep 193 



§ 108. AHTponocottMH h Kpyr hbiumx tbpmmhob 

Hneainui hbc npiwoAHT k Hflee; unen ecu. ayxoBHoe cymecTBo; 

6MTBBCTBeBHOCm> MBICJIH SpaTCKaH HepapXHJg AyXOB; BHe-HOHflTHHHMH 

paayii — Tax mmcjihm; oh — CBepxiyBCTBeHHMH imp; "kbcthb p a 3 y m" 

TaKOB. 

He TaKOB hhctmh pa3yii y KaHTa; KairroBO npeflcrraBJieHHe pa3yiia ae 
hhcto, a ciiemaHHO: H3 paayiia h paccy^Ka; KauTOBCKHH paayM — paccyflon- 
hmh paayv; kbk tbkoboh oh — contradictio in adjecto. 

Bee, CKaaaHHoe flocejie, nepeHOCirr aHTponococpcKHe rpaaannoHH&ie npea- 
craBJieHHM «3 itopa craainero b ccpepti HHMe: b He re sosce apepu, KOTopuMH 
mm npeflcraBJieanH 3th conpoBoatflaeM; h npHHHMaeM to mm "hbhbho", h euje 
name HaHBHO 10,1 fiopeiica — c airrponocod)CKon rpa/jaqHea, xoraa rpaganHJi 
3Ta prayer Han cboh "njiaaw" (acTpaju>Hi>ra, crHXHHHMii, 4>x3H<iecKHH 
h t. a-)- Mm 6epeM hx HOiieaKJiaTypHO, CHcnexHO, aGcipaxTHO, MHpoB033pH- 

TCJIMfO, KOHCTpyKUHOHUO, KOMHJieKCHO, HOHHTHHHO, MeXBHHieCKH; HJTH KC 

rpy6o <ryBCTBeHHo; to ten, mm noMem.aeM hx b Kpyr a&bhmx "hohsthhhmx" 
cmmcjiob: ohh x hh — CHCTena, hh — - KJiaccHipHKaiQui, hh — unpoB03- 
3pHrejiuiMH floraaT, hh — omicaHHe, hh — sjieueHT, hh — CHereMaTHKa 
"onwia" b Hameii CMMCJie. 

rpaflauHOHHaa npeflcraBJLaeM octi> b Hac OTcyTCTByw a "kohcuikh- 

T H 3 M" npeACTaBJieHHB 9TH TO yHJIOTHJieT, TO CyiHHT; H, HOCTynHBHIH TBK, 

pa3yMeerCH, hx npojiaMMBaeT b yxaaaHHH Ha "a o r 11 a t h k y", "mcnx y", 
"cxexiTisi", "a6co jimth3m" npeflcraBJieHHH; ho npojiaaibiBaeT oh 

— OTpaateHHe hx b c e 6 e; cy6*eKTHBHCiiriecKHH, paccyaoiHMH Aoi-MaTH3M 
JioMaeT 3epKajio, ero caiioro OTpaacaiomee; TaKOB oh, aHTponocodraeii b3htmh. 
AaTponoco(pcKHe npeflcraBJieHHS oGmuiaiOT BHyTpn hx JieacainHe — HainH; 
h nOKa Mbi a6cTpaKTHO nepeiuiaAMBaeM hx b Kpyra Baumx flomaTOB, He 
n0AO3pesaeii, hto AoniaTu sth yate nojioxeHM — b hhx; nepejioaceinie 

— AomaTHHecKoe OTpaacemie; h OTpaweime — KpnBoe, noTOiiy <rro Kpyr 
HamHX AomaTOB b aHTponocodnui pacTaatHJi; Mecio jiothkh, AHajieRTHKH, 
Hgeajia, CMbicjia, up,ea b aHTponocotpHH yrjiy6jieHHeS nojioaceHo; yrJiySjieimoe 
nojioxeirae 3to aScrpaicTHon paccyfloiHocTtio — peayuHpoBaHO, cnjuonjeHo, 
ciepTo; Tax BHyipH stoh creprocTH — nojiynajOTca: flBOHKOCTepTaa HoiieHK- 
jiaTypa aHTponocod>CKnx "dobitb h", c KOTOpofi mm Sopenca; Gopeiica ace 
mm He c aHTponocotpHefi, a co csoew a6ctpaxTHOciuo. Bot ycJioBHaa nsix 
HarJiHAHOcm cxeMa TpsBHaJtbHO BocnpHHHMaeMMX TepMHHOB b aHTponocodic- 
koh rpanauHH. (Cm. Ha cip. 195-3.) 

Ta6jrnu,a — cyoieKTHBHa, rohchho; ona — jihhd. Hauex Ha to, kbk 
paceraBJiHeubi HHMe H3 npeflcraBJieHUH, ecju mbi aa^HM MecTO b Hac hch3hh 

MMCJIH B rpaABHHOHHOH TeKynecTH. 

<X>njioco<pHa b aHTponocod)HH rpaflauHOHHo TeieT; ona He — MnpoB033pe- 
HHe, He ROHCTpyKUHfl, He cHCTeiia, He cmrre3, He chmbojih3m, He 3i<6jieiia, He 
HBAHBHAyajn>Hoe nepeaoiBaHHe, He TBopnecTBO, He flHaneKTHKa, He hacojiothh, 
He yieHHe o Bceo6meM. * 

194 



njffW^KpacHoe 10paHx ? 8 JK^moelSt^eHbehoAySotlCuHge fo<wT. Swot 



npoio 



TAUH 
HTBO 

ippad 

XI* 



UHduSu 



0PM 



KOMfl 
AeKfl 



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3Ae 

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(T^aHCUtHAMucmu A ?/v»ri 



Aywft 

fyARJ& 






CfAHOG 



CJAB 
me? 



V 



HM3MI 



41IM 



M+icnn 

pAUl* 



MMAfU 



AH 



ape 



AtHit 



y 



PA 33 pi 
KCHM 



KAM(H 
tpUKAiM 



onw 

/CAHie 



fiiOJiM5hJ( 



KOHCT 



51WHK 



yd AH HO 






/lorofi 



AOfMKA 



• AlHOCJU / 



aiA 

A?hTMW 



MPJO 



nowTie 
pAiy*AA 



noHsiic 



Cum 
htot 



qto&w 






urn,, 
vroaw 



pjfura 1 



A/\b 
HOC 



P?AH 

rtoi 

HOC 



MO 

DAW 
HO? 



IT(M 
XH» 

cKor 



ODTA.XU 
HMTf AHtTT 
CKOf|CKOf 



(KOP 



Him 
CKOf 



TAl» 
M9? 



A*MA 
CKOf 



cbu 

3Mlf 
CKOt 



XH 
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HHltXMldPAM 
<KO» 



MO (WAN 
HOflHOf 



rPHi 
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Mop 



$iuioco<J>HJi afleci. rpaAaiQioHHO 6epeicH; b aGcipaKTB 0-11 ipoaos- 
jpiTejiBHOB csoea CTaomi oaa — onHCamie flaHHOCTen b paccyAOHHbix 
MTeropHBx; b jeapoHacTpoeHHH Ayajni3Ma ona — KJiaccHtpHKauHH iinpa HBJie- 
u£, KaK npeflCTaBJiHeittix BneHaTJiemra; (peHOMeHajmCTimeciCHH JiennrjiorHB 

• aefi 3ByHHT; b ciaAHH yieHH« o BceoGineai (pmiococpHJi ecra CHCTeita 
MOacxpyRTHBHUx iktoaob; b CHHTeTH«cecKOH CBoen CTaflira OHa — cjiHjame 
BABOJlonrii, nepeacHBaeuoe, KaK rpaAaipm HHAHBHflyajibHbix aeficTBHS (eh- 
0DHAy&Jni3if); b CTaflHH KOHKpeTHOB chmbojukh OHa ecTb aepapxHH pm-MHHec- 

, MB npoTeKawiiqix MeTaiiop(J>03, KaK TBopnecKHX, AHajieKTmeciai pa3BHBae)u»ix 
fltftcTBHH b Kpyre (co-achctbiih); b craflM cosepuamui OHa — co3epqa.HHe vata, 

Ma BACH eCTb AyXOBHOe CymeCTBO, 6paTCKH BHAHMOe B JIOrHHeCKOM TaHHCTBe; 

• CTa^HM "TeopeTHiecKofi", b "9ecopia" co6ctbchho, OHa ec-ri> caaioe ctohhhc 
i ;g Jloroce, KaK a Hfleajie h Cubiciie. Hhctbih ciibicji ee — Tyr. OnpeAeJieHHfl 

ID — HaueKH: HaiieKH Ha to, hto co6ctbchho npoHCxoanT, Kor.ua aHTpono- 
0O<pHH OTiieiaeT Hair cyinecTBeHHocTb mi>icjih; onpe/tejieHiui Baim — a6cTpax- 
BJh; KaK TaKOBbie, aojixhm ohh 6bm. — auSjiesiaTiiHecKH bshtm; hx b3«b, kbk 

I mtlneiibi, Mbi CKaacesi: auSjieiiaTHKa caibicjia — pa3peinaercH b JioniKy, 
MnropaH ecxb HayKa o Jloroce, a He Hayxa o npaBHJiax ynoTpe6jieHHH hohhthh; 

' ManraH, KaK nocJieflHHH, cnjuomeHa jioniKa; JioraKa He eerb to, hto OHa ecxb 



1* 



195 



fljiH nac: flyxoBHEH aayxa ecn, jiormca, Basra*, o/pjaKO, b bojehom ofrbeiie 
ji o r a 3 m a; KaK TaxoBan, OBa — XpBCTOJionia: airrponojioriiH BbreoflBua 
OTCiofla; npapoaOBeaeHHe ecTb orciofla fleAyKUJia; XpaCTOJioraa — a a t p o - 
noccxpHJJB 3toh 30He rpaoauBB. 

H3 Jloroca BbisoAHTCH cymecTBo: cymecTBO aio — jiormca; cyujecTBOsaBBe 

— jiorHHecKHH imp; 3flecb Mbiciu. — HHTyimmi; cryiqeHne mmcjib — BOCCiaaBe 
MHpa: BOCCTajomHB imp — GpaTcrao cymecTB BBTywnni; 3to 6paTCTBO ecTt 

TBHHCTBO; B TBHHCTBe H3JiyHaHJTCH BCCTBBKB; MblCJOI 3/teCb BeCTHHKH; BeCT- 

HHnecTBO — nepBoe cryiqeaae mbicjib; aarejiojioraH jionnra — Tyr; b Tyr 

— co3epijaHHe; coctohhbc coaepuaaBH mmcjih — HacnBpaTBBHbie mmcjib; 
HHcnHpaTHBBbi — bach; OHTOJiorHH jiorHKH noaaiiaeMa co3epiuiTeju>ao; a6cT- 
paKLtua OHTOJioniH ecn. HyAOBHiiniocTb; oirrojiorHH jiohzkb — cymecTBa; 
11 KajKaoe CTpyHT o6pa3bi; KHneHHe o6paaoB — ynjioTiieHae BTopoe; KBneaae 

— HAeaiiHfl, MeTaMop(po3a, nxajieKTHxa, TBopweciBO, HBCnaAaiomaa uepapxHH; 
jioraKa ayxOBHOH aaysH, b 3tox CTaAHH B3HTBH, MOHceT ycjiOBHO 6mti» aa3Baiia: 
TeopaeH TBopiecTsa; 3aKOHM <paaTa3BH aflect — cy6cTaBOBB ynJiorafleiioH 
mmcjih: BO-o6pa»aeTCH — oSieKTHsauHH iiapa hs TBopnecKOB bojib; bojiioh- 
Tapnaii apxo BbipaaeH 3ftecb; flajiee o6pa3bi pacaaaaiOTca: b cepaa HHABBBAy- 
ajn>Hbix 3ii6jieM; H/jeainui 3/jecb — BBABBBAyajnuaiiHJi, h maen 3flecb — hh- 
flHBHflyyii; HHABBH^yyM — aaTponoaoptpea; t&kob oh b nepeacBBaBBB omna; 
aBTponoMoptpHoe npeacTaBJieaae loipa ecrt HueHoaaBBe omna: H3peKawTCJi 
BMeaa; BBflHBHAyaJibHoe huh /jajiee ecTb a6cTpaxifiu, AaBBoe kbk CHHTeTBHec- 
Koe eAHHCTBo; a/jecb uun CTaaoBHTea: TepmiHOu; 11 mm y npewntepofl: o6M#eB- 
boto, aaBBBOio MHpa mmcjih; noAo6ae HHAHBHAyyMa ctbhobhtch "mohoco m"; 
moboc ctoht nepeH hbmb cicieiion KOBCTpyKTHBBMX MeTOfl; MtxononontiM 
xapaKTepH3yeT era/piio 3Ty; jiorraa AyxoBHoii aayKH b 3tom siecTe rpaaaijuH 
ecTb TeopHH luaoHi; b CTa^HB flajibaeHinero iracnaaaHHji mmcjih Teo- 
peTHHecKHH "moboc" paccyaKOM menirrcB: h yiuioTHaeTCH b ncBxo-cpB3a<iecKBX 
napajiJiejiHx; boshbkbiot — Map Baennom, Map BayTpeaHUB; BbimenjiaiOTca: 
o&beKT b cyS'beKT; BMiijenjiHiOTCH: HBJieaae, BneHaTJieaae; Jioraxa ayxoBaofi 
aayKH, 3«ecb b3htbh, ocymeerBHMa b yneHHB 06 o&beKTHBao hbii ^obuom; bo 
o&beKTHBBO flaaaoe b Meioflax pacaxenjiaeiCB CBoaa: MBpoBoaapBTUD^bia nmopa- 

JIB3M B 3TOB CTaflHH; MBpOB033peBHe TeXBHXa BHe TeXBHHeCKOrO O&beKTa, TO 

ecxb nocjieflHee apofwieaBe jioiukb: 3Aecb AeacTBaxejiBHocTb BbirjywuT, kbk MaTe- 
pHanbHO o6cTaBinaH. B aifrponocotpHa, uoacao CKasaTb, Mbi mieeu rpaAaipno cejia 
3tbx CTaflafl: — 

— 1) B3HTBe MbicjiH b BppHBJieHBHx MaTepHajibHocTB (iiexaBii- 
BH3m); 

— 2) B3HTBe Mbicju b yneHHH o peaJibBOM (peajm3M); 

3) B3HTBe MblCJIB B y«ieHBH O TepMBBaX (jieTOflOJIOrjlB BOHB- 

H8J1H3M); 

— 4) B3HTBe MbiCJiB b yHCHBB 06 BBABBHAyyite (aHTponojiora3M, 

HHABBHflyajIH3Ji); 

5) B3HTHe MblCJIB B yneBBB O TBOpieCTBe (TeopBH TBOpieCTBa: 

CBMBOJIB3M); •" 

196 



— 6) aajniie liMCjm n yneHHH 06 uufisx (aHreJiojiorna); 

— 7) B3HTne itbicjra b yneBBR o Jloroce (XpacTOJiorHH). 
MBoroo6pa3ne — "jioih h" — 6jieaHas h cySiexTHBHaji peTynib k Tosiy 

OoScTBeHHO, KBK flOJIBtHbl Mb! CMOTpeTb Ha (pHJIOCOlpHK) anTponocoepHU, hto6 

Be npeflCTaBHTb ce6e ee "ifaTepHaJiH3MOM", "rpa(pn3MOJi", "co<pH3Moii", "ho- 
inaKJiaxypH3MOM" b npouuiB a6cTpaKTHbiMH cxeaiaMH, crojib oxotho BJiara- 
1ff- rl " b aee or paccyflKa; a ona HanHnaeTCH Tail, r^e noflxoflHM mi»i x KOHKper- 

MOMy chhthio — Bcex AorsiaTHHecKHX cy6teKTHBHOCTeH. rpa^aijHH He 

HOMeHEJiaTypa yHeHHH, a B3jnne caiioB hmcjtb yHeHHH kbk aKTOB jioranecKHx 
Tsbhctb: cxoacACHHH Jloroca. 



§ 109. AHTpOnOCCXpMfl M npOeKTHBMM 

Hto ecTi. HCTHHa?* , 

Ha TaKBe sonpocbi He OTBenajOT cjiobbmh; ho OTBer HC-ropnH 
mcsh: Tojirocpa a soccTaHue sipeiii a e h t 6a . 

IIpoeKTHBHO jih ayxoBHOe SHBHHe? H Ha 3TOT Bonpoc OTBeHaiOT MOJlMa- 



MojinauHe sui generis ecTb Ham OTBer. 

Bot oh... — 

— CncTeMbi B033peaHH Ha "a6cojnoTiioe 3HaHHe" Tew, KaHTa, 
ILlaTOHa h TaK flajiee, flajiee — nociynKH cymecTB; npeflCTaBJieHHB 06 a6- 
aOJDOTHOCTH 3HaHHH cjieayeT H3iieHHT& pa/niicajibHo, hto6j,i noHHTt: nofljiHirao 
UMBse ecu. jkb3hi> b nepapxHHx; jkb3hi> nejioaeKa He b acecTe, a b — coBOKyn- 
■OOTB acecTOB; mht HepapxanecKOH jkb3hb, HeraTHBHO OTo6pa3HMbifi jihuq,, 
(On c h c t e ji a B033peHHH Ha aScojiMTHOe 3iianHe; 3«ecb e^HHaa KanjiH 
WptmHBaeT — OKeau OTBJieieHHOCTH; juo6oe ayxoBiioe cymecTBO, BbipaataHCH 
[ I MTeropmi BpeMeHH, ocbmae-rcfl jibbhhmh "cacieii 3 h a h b h"; a6cTpaKUBH 

I MPK>> TOJtbKO KH3HH HCTOpHH <pH JIOCCMpHH : Co<|>BH Beflb OflHO CymeCTBO. 

IIpeACTaBJieHHa Haunt 06 a6cojiH)THOCTH 3HaiiHH HacKB03b npoeKTHBHbi; 
I lonpoc, b OTBer eCTb nopox: 6e3AOHHOB a6cTpamiHn; 3to cKanxa no 6ecKOHen- 
ty p«Ay b Hafleatfle "cecTb" y KOHua. 

fl-p IIlTeHHep He "p h r o p h c t"; h BonpocoB iou, hto ecTb ncTHHa, ae 

lam oh b KaTeropaax a6cTpaKTHoro MbiinjieuHH; npoeKTEBiiiii ero, 

IBXO, He ecxb to, tto c "npoeKTHBH3MOji" CBH3yeiio; itepTaeHna cneKyjiamm 

imb "n p o e k u b h", "a 6 c o jih) t h o c t 1." . 

"IIpoeKiiHH" A-p IIlTeibiep paccTaBJiraT b hm HaAJie3Kaio.ee MecTo; ho 

(amis npoeKTHBHOCTeft cjiaraeT Bail (ppa3bi; cppa3bi Beo>, ecjm yiojsao, 

BXuhh; h OAHaKO — HTenae cnpaBJiaeTCH c 3naKOM: iHTaeii-TO mli — mhmo 

<anaei« mm coflepacairae. 

CnOHCHTb 3M6jieMaTHKy 6yKB, KpaCOK, CMblCJIOB, nOHHTHH, CJIOaCHTb H3 HHX 

■M — hto 3H8HBT? CjCB03b no3HaHHe TepiiBHOB npoHTH k scecry TepuHHa: 

IUop(po3e no3HaHBs; b MeTaiioptpose npH6jm3HTbCH k ikbshb; b ikkjhii 

cymecTBO; b cnpocHTb, KaK ero HasbiBaiOT: KOHKpenioe 3naKOMCTBO 

197 



h o6iqeHne b pa3iOBope nycifc 6yaeT, «rro 6yppr. — kbk HaaoBeT Haine amane 
"Tepuira", He HH-repecHo hbm. 

AocTpaxipua BbiptiBaeT y asTopa "Pa3Mi.imjieHHH o TeTe" — coBepmeaHO 
iiepTByio <ppa3y: — 

— "flonycTHM... hto Te oc o (J)h ne ck a a CHCTenia 
hc. npoeKTHBH3M, a a6cojimiBoe shibicHo tot a a He aaflo 
Teococpy nojienaipoBan c qacmocimg ipoexiHBEg- 
mob... a c npo eKTHBH 3m om... Ecjib ic Teoco<pHH cava — np o- 

eRTHBHSM, TO Hail HCICIO C BCKI H C T e C H H T I. C ■"*. 

B xaxoM CMiicjie jnraoe 3Hamie BjiaAHitnpa CojiOBteBa Menee npoexTBBHO 
3HaHHB nopTpeTa h ecri. jih oho a6cojnoTHO? Bonpoc Tax ate nycT, xax Bonpoc: 
n rjiaa Smhjdm Meraepa — 3mbjxhb jib MeTHep?" TeocoipHH, KOHueHTpapyacB 
b npaKCHce, OTBenaeT KOHxpeTHO: npaxcBC, nepeposcgaH nneio, nepepowflaeT 
b Hac npeACTaBJieHHe 06 Hflee; to ecra: npiiOAii h a c x roBopamejiy 
cyiqecTBy;oTBJie«eHEai tpHJiococpeiia o to m, hto ecu nges, 
cxaxeii m w, "k p a c k h", CMeHxercji xoHxperaMM sonpocoii: hto paccxaxeT 
hbm cymecTBO (aMapex) "x p a c x o m" o ce6e? 

A6cojnoTHoe aaaHae — TepMHH: b — TepMHH nycT. 

Aocojuoraa jih TeocoepHH? Tax cnpowrri. — cnpocmi.: "A BCTBHa — hto?" 
HcTHHa npen Hbjutom ctohjib; ELnjiaT cnpocHJi HcTBHy: "Hto ecu, HCTMHa?"" 

HcTHHa He OTBeTHJia: HcTHHa He OTsenaeT aa Bonpocu o Hen, noTOMy hto 
HeBonpomaeua Hernia. 

3a HcTBHoi cjieflywT. 

IIpoTBBoecTecTBeHHaji nopoHHOcn* nosHaHHH, naBmero b HeGbrrBstCTBeH- 
hocti., noAbmaeT Bonpoc, r«e pemaeT — nyn> xb3hb. 

Bot mob "npoeKTHBHCTHHecKHH" oTseT Ha "aGcojnoTHtm" Bonpoc: HcTHHa 
— nyn> jkh3hh b "fl". 



* PoL 423. 



TJ1ABA UlECTAfl 

PYflOJlbO UlTEttHEP M — KAHT, TETE, rErEHb, 
n/lATOH, MAEH, OnbIT, OPrAHMKA, mhp bheluhhH, 
MMP BHyTPEHHWTl 

(nPH/lOXEHHE) 

f 110. A>* o6paaa mmcjih 

Or xoah Hbicjien nepBoro TOiia "P a 3 11 bi id ji e h a a o T e t e" 
a flo chx nop OTBJieKajiCH, bo Ha payx nyHKiax crapajica a OTHexaHBTi. 
MUCjnrrejnHMH cipoa: aBTopa a fl-pa mreaaepa; cBexosyio Teopsoo TeTe 
npeACTBBMJi a BBBMaBBio <urraTejiea, npoperyurapoBaB KOMiieinapHeii A-pa 
DlTeBBepa, npaJioaceaBbni k sea; a noioii ee conoeraBHJi c yTBepacAeHaaiiB 
OTopa; KoinpacT nojiynajica pa3BTe.ru.Hi.iB: b ymep6 TOjncaM aBTopa. B Apy- 
ron cnyiae a ompaBiuica ot bbjibhhoctb kpbtbtcckbx npeAcrasJieiiaa y aBTo- 
pa; Taxoaux Be oxasaJioci. y aBTopa; Mae npanuiocb o6paTH-n>ca at aaiopa 
I fl-py IHieBHepy. Koarpacx nojiyajjica onan>. 

Okojio AByx 3tbx nyaxTOB cocpeAOTOiBJiHCb a ciieacHbie c hbmb Bonpocti; 
ovepxa ecTecTBeHHOHayHHWx B033peBaa aaropa a A-pa OTieiiHepa xax 6m 
QIObt nepeA Bairn: ABe xapraBM, ABa oGpaaa; a Asa cnoco6a Mbicjuni. nanep- 
TMBU: 6aoJiOTBHecKaa ceHcyajrB3M — boa iiacKoio B3ompeHiioro Bxyca; 
■ — cipoiaa, TBepAaa, opanutaJiuiaB iibiCJib. 

TpyHT Tenept y aac ecn>: ecTb bo3mowhocti, KomcpeTHee boaobth k p a 3 - 
S p y Boaapeaaa, cjienya eerecTBeHHOMy Teieaaio sonpocoB, saTpoHyrbix 
UTopoif. 

Tax nocTynaio a. 



§ 111. 06BMHMT»JlbHMH 8KT 

GrpaHan b KHare — narbCOT ABaA^aTi. nan.. Co6cTBeHHO, sarjia- 
f/Ut Ttne a no noBOAy TeTe otabkjtch cto BOceittAeorr; A-p IttreBHep tparypa- 
pyer a npo«aix. 3tot xpynafcia, HHorocropoHiiflB nacaTeju., c Ayiny Bpanyio- 
nti jntHBOCTbio, aa nporaaceaHH Bcefi o&beuBCToa xaara npas — oabh pa3... 
■ oajiexo 3a6pomeHHOM npaifeHaaaa ("ID t e h n e p n p a b"... a t. a-); Aa a TyT 

199 



ero npasffla ycjioaHa ("II yen Tax, bo t o r a a npHxojmca h 3 y m - 
ji a t b c h" 1 ) — npnxoflirrcH BsyiuiHTbCJi AeficTBirreju,HO, ao — flpyruM nayiiJie- 
HHeM: icpynm>rit, MBOrocTopoBBBB nncaTejrb, Bbi3BaBinHH k »b3bh bjithcot- 
CTpaBH<nryK> XHHry, npas — oobb pa3; flairio: ero npasaa ycjioBaa. A He npaB, 
6e3ycjiOBHO He npas?.. 

^ajieKO ae iiojihmji noflc^eT oOBHHeHHH, paccopTBpoBaHHbrii iraoio b hhcto 
(popuaJibHbie pyGpHXB, flaeT xpynayio cymiy: 

III itcoi tpiAQaik! 



f 112. CTaTMCTMica o6bmh«hmm 

Bot pemcTp najiexo He dojihob cramcTinai — iihtbcot TpBAaa-ri. 
ofiBHaeBxi; pemcrp — no CTpaHHuaM*. 
fj,-f DlreBBep — 

— l)ae noHiHtei: 

54, 61, 72, 73, 77, 81, 89, 89, 90, 92, 94, 100, 108, 111, 113, 115, 121, 125, 129, 

132, 133, 142, 163, 166, 183, 184, 185, 204, 216, 230, 235, 236, 237, 278, 286, 
433, 473, 474, 494, 497 — 

— 40 pa a. 

— 2) npe«B3HTO-TeHfleHiiH03eH: 

34, 36, 47, 52, 55, 56, 57, 59, 61, 62, 65, 66, 92, 99, 100, 169, 170, 170, 172, 183, 
202, 235, 241, 246, 248, 270, 273, 277, 349, 350, 351, 352, 357, 360, 369, 373, 
374, 380, 384, 394, 398 . . . 41 paa. 

— 3) aBTiKpiTBiea, aiiiiaBTiaBicmeE: 
29, 40, 45, 45, 46, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 72, 77, 80, 84, 85, 89, 89, 132, 

133, 235, 245, 251, 267, 270, 347, 357, 374, 375, 377, 382, 394, 399, 
430, 475, 491, 495 37 paa. 

— 4) cm ecoTejib: 

45, 46, 53, 59, 60, 66, 66, 66, 70, 81, 82, 93, 108, 111, 120, 125, 133, 166, 190, 
209, 217, 218, 218, 270, 353, 368, 369, 376, 383, 435, 441, 452, 453 .... 33 
paa a. 

— 5)yBiiToxaei ce6a: 

71, 72, 146, 150, 176, 176, 177, 189, 221, 245, 271, 272, 335, 347, 359, 364, 370, 379, 
384, 395, 435, 441, 442, 443, 451, 495, 496, 497, 498, 512 ... 30 p a a. 

— 6)iciaiaei ■ nytaei: 

45, 52, 53, 54, 61, 67, 70, 79, 82, 86, 93, 115, 117, 122, 124, 129, 147, 150, 178, 
185, 190, 202, 219, 224, 243, 270, 431, 441, 474, 498 30 pas. 

— 7)aaBBBMB mohhct: 

44, 54, 56, 60, 70, 7l, 72, 75, 85, 86, 95, 106, 131, 142, 184, 185, 188, 298, 327, 
361, 374, 426, 441, 442, 473, 474 ... / 26 paa. 

200 



— 8) pacnjiUB<iaT h cnyieH: 

59, 61, 74, 76, 78, 79, 81, 84, 85, 91, 93, 99, 125, 147, 165, 202, 216, 225, 226, 
231, 269, 375, 397, 434 24 paaa. 

— 9)MepTBeBHO-cxeMan<iea b o 6 m: 

53, 89, 93, 99, 116, 331, 335, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 366, 369, 370, 372, 374, 
377, 400, 423 20 paa. 

— 10) cneiinpHiecxH ictaxaci TeTe: 

45, 142, 144, 150, 168, 178, 271, 281, 374, 374, 374, 374, 374, 381, 398, 450, 466, 
496, 513 19 pas. 

— 11) ciHipenci: 

42, 43, 64, 80, 93, 136, 165, 216, 248, 270, 274, 368, 375, 381, 393, 396, 397, 398, 
400, 443 20 paj. 

— 12) reKKejmaiiea: 

106, 108, 137, 142, 148, 237, 350, 374, 375, 375, 443, 450, 450, 451, 452, 473, 
474, 511 18 paa. 

— 13) a 6co jiwt eH , xaxeropBieE: 

55, 70, 80, 120, 136, 176, 221, 351, 351, 352, 357, 394, 397, 399, 423 

15 pa 3. 

■ — 14) y k o p h e t h a y k y : ' 
66, 96, 97, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 119, 123, 401, 490 .... 12 pa a. 

— 15) npeBoiHOcuci: 

BO, 82, 83, 150, 188, 227, 241, 246, 272, 275, 277 11 pas. 

— 16) Kop&icTHO Hcnojitaye-r: 

45, 169, 172, 246, 348, 350, 351, 352, 367, 374, 435 11 pa a. 

— 17) He oct op o a eH h HenocjitflOBaiejien: 

54, 57, 77, 203, 235, 237, 271, 442, 474, 496 10 pa a. 

18) flapBHHHCT: 

106, 108, 139, 142, 148, 237, 442, 451, 459 9 paa. 

— 19) 3BOJIM>qHOHHCT: 

106, 109, 135, 184, 185, 262, 377, 379, 474 9 paa. 

— 20) He (p h ji o c o <p: 

94, 80, 185, 252, 270, 382, 436, 441, 475 9 paa. 

— 21) orpaHHHeHHOCTB: 

89, 41, 47, 52, 170, 190, 193, 245, 513 9 paa. 

22) H a H B H O HtflOUHCJIBT: 

53, 62, 64, 92, 99, 117, 225, 474, 511 9 paa. 

— 23) vaTepiajiaci: 

M, 106, 121, 122, 426, 441, 442 .... 7 paa. 

— 24) irpaei hoh aiaami: 

185, 193, 202, 224, 441, 443 6 paa. 

— 25)KpHBO TOjiKyei: 

47, 108, 217, 270, 374, 513 6 paa. 

— 26) npoiBJiaei flocaflHyio cjienoiy: 
71, 75, 234, 235, 245, 286 6 paa. 



201 



— 27) HeapTHCTHneH: 

188, 219, 247, 274,, 466 5 paa. 

— 28) HajjesaeT m a c k y: 

41, 42, 352, 357, 383 5 paa. 

— 29) tpiHini c HeBeacecTBoai: 

97, 125, 170, 246 4 paaa. 

— 30) He-HfleaJiHCT: 

52, 55, 72, 106 4 paaa. 

— 31) 6e3£apeH: 

34, 80, 80, 422, 467 , 5 paa. 

— 32) xpiBO cttiii sonpocu: 

55, 111, 145 3 paaa. 

— 33) aeyAtiauB flomnic 

378, 382, 426 3 paaa. 

— 34) 6eaBxyceH: 

93, 175, 360 3 paaa. 

— 35) ji o m a e t 3CitTixy: 

183, 422, 497 3 paaa. 

KpoueTorotnoABapaaa: 

a) 3nmpici: 

(106, 142) 

b) aHTHryjiaHHCT: 

(80, 170) 

c) ampaepaaHeu.: 

(80, 170) 

d) npoeKTHBBCT: 

(366, 423) 

e) codwci: 

(382, 384) 

f) aBTBDajiaTOHBK: 

(182, 435) 

g) yHHHHTejn. pacnpas: 

(54, 227) 

Htoio: 7x2 14 paa. 

Kpoue Tororno pa3y — 

a) n03BTBBHCT (106), 

b) aoKTpBHep (422), 

c) BanBHuft peajmcT (121), 

d) aMopajncT (382), 

e) ajioranecxafi xaomci (270), 

f) HHiimeaHeu (434), 

g) BHcnpoBepraTejib aKxyjiMHoa Tpa/nnpn (399), 
h) aeaaror (380), 

i) ne/taror (380), 

k) o6HHMaK)iipiH Heo6>HTHoe (357), 

202 



1) yxHiqpirrejrb (67), 

m) Benynnrii k 6eccMi,icjume (185), 

n) o5o6maK>mHH rpy6o (92), 

o) nepeHyunrii 3pa (73). 

Htoto: 14 pa 3. 

Bcero ac e: 530. 



y6ni4cTBeHai.rft 



CTBTHCTHHeCKHH JEHCTI 



§ 113. KoribMO HMCenyHra 

IlepeflO mhoh — narbcoT TpH/juaTb HanaoeHHii; nepeflo mhoio — 
annana: KOHxpeTHbrii h bhathmh aHajni3 nyTammbi H3 pa36HpaTejn>ciB, npepe- 

XSHHH H TH»6. 

3aoaHa Be CTpamHaa: xaxnafl H3 o6BHHHTejn.Hi.ix py6pzK nerxa; xaKaaa 

— SHaHHMOCTH He HMeeTJ HO HJUH03HH 3HaHHMOCTH Bbl^epXaHa C H3BeCTHbIM 

TViaHTOH: npoHBHJiocb yueHHe cnpaTan. jno6oe H3 yxaBHiioro iiecra no nepao- 

» npHKOCHOBeHHH KpHTHKa; TaJiaHT B HHCTHHKTHBHOCTH. 

Oh — b KOH<pHrypanHH pyGpmt; Her pacHJieHeHHOcra b HanaflaTejn.Hi.ix 

pyGpaxax; cct* n,ocaa,Hax hx conjieTemaocTb, cjihhhhocti.; cyin.ecTBinejn.Hoe 

OAhoh py6pHKH, HanpiiM ep: "cxeiianc t", conpoBoamaeTca npiuiaraTejn.- 

Uoi "reKKeJibHHCKH h"; cymecTBirrejibHoe o6BHHJieT npn noiioiint "npnjia- 

MTeJibHbix", Tax hto bchkhh pa3 bi>i He 3HaeTe, Ha npaiioe jm oDBHHeime 

OnenaeT hjih Ha o6epTOH oGsHHeinia — HeyjioBmibrix h ckojii.3khh; b caieacHOH 

py6prae "r e k k e ji h a h e h" HaHHHaeT awynan "npHJiaraTejii.Hi.iH" o6epTOH 

CXenaTH«iecKH h"; h flejiaeT caoe aejio — c neii snecj. 6opoTbca? C Jierxo- 

MCHeximuf o6BHHeHHe>i, hjih c ero 3Khbokom, xopxHii, KaK yropt, 6uoutjbhca 

pHBAy py*? Py6pHKH HepaspbiBHo CBH3aHbi npa hoiioidh "noTOiiy hto" 

■ "t«k Kan": "tbk Rax" oh leKKejiiascEii cxeiiaTHR, oh 

tXevamiecKEH rexxe jih aH en.; h "las KaK" oh rexxejniaHeii:, oh 

liavaTHK ot r e k k e ji a. OnpeAejiHTeju.Hi.iH Kpyr TajiainjiHBO Ha nepBi.ni 

I WUnna 3aTymeBaH, noTOMy hto b Kojibue, cnjiereHHOM H3 "t a x k a k", (pnrypH- 

[Byvt no tpufmam hhth 3Bem>eB; B03BpaineHHe k ncxoflHoiiy nyHXTy npoHC- 

ensa jth 3aMeHeHHbm; h co3n.aeTca hjijikmhh, hto b KOJiece o6sHHeHHB 

TBepflMH nyHKT; TBepopio nyHKTa h HeT b 3toh KHHre; nepBoe ooBHHemie 

• rOJiocjioBHua: o6BHHeHHe HOMep pa — rojiocaoBHua: Hosiep ipi — cone- 

H3 flayx rojiocjiosHH.; o6BHHeHHe HOMep Meitipe — coneTaHHe rojioc- 

craHOBHTCH npHJiaraTeju>HbiM; HOMep n h t b — ane juinpyeT x rojioc- 

ne: HOMep nepBbm; rojiocjioBHu,a HOMep nepsbrit bbetjihaht 3#ecb aKCH- 

I: co3flaeTca nepsoe "tbk k a k" (t a k x a r c x e m a t h k); a "t a k k a k" 

i BbnuieTaeT TpHnnaTb nerbipe opyrHX (Tax x a k cxenaTHK, to MepTBeHea; 

t R x a k MepTBeHeH, to n.orif arax; Tax x a x florsiaTHK, Hansen; Tax x a x 

IBCH, to nycTb...); TpHnnaTb naroe "tbk xax" B03BpainaeT x npoH3BOJib- 

iy nepBoiiy; HHTBTejib ate h 3a6biJi cTeneHH Aonymeioibix npoH3BOJiOB; 

203 



BBymeHHe A0Ka3axejibHOCTH BbipacTaex oxciOAa; onpefleJiHTejitiitiH Kpyr iiaHH- 
HaeT KasaTBCH npjuioii; He npoeroe KOJibu;o cnjieji hbii aBTop; a Kojibuo 
HH6ejiyuroBO $ : jiorBKa ero nponcxoABT ot "JI o r e"*; Jlore ace jiorHKy noacHpa- 
eT; h — H3 Hee BtuiynjiAeTCfl BenpoH3BOJn>HaH jjobcb: jiohu. npcmcxoAHT ot 
Jlore; hoajibhho jiorHKa — b Jloroce 5 . 

Abtop nocjie/joBaji: Be 3a Jlorocoii, a 3a Jlore; ancTHUXiiiBHaa ysepT- 

JIHBOCTb XHTpOyMHH, OAHOBpeiieHHO B HepCTBOCTB H HyBCTBeHHOCTb; HaCJieflHe 

Jlore, — CKaaajioct: b njiaiieHHoa cyxoern, b onyc-ronmTejibHOH crpacxHOCTB; 
njiaiteHHon cyxocruo, onyCTOinHxejiiHOH crpacTaocxtio onajiaeT h 3apa»caeT 
HHTaTejiH aBTop; AeiiCTByeT He KaK KpHTHK, KaK Hacmiyioiinrii rnmiOTH3ep, 
bjih... KaK ite/wxyu. Bepw a, hto npaeii, Aonyin.eHHi.rif mi, He 0O3naTejieH; 
HHane aBTop 6w ce6e He ho3bojihji anejuiHpoBaTb b cepbeaHOM TpaKTaTe 
K XapaKTepHCTHKaM JIHHHOCTeH, eiiy HeH3BeCTHbIX, xapaKTepHCTHKH cboh CTpo- 
ht Ha "Kyne nepBOro KJiacca", b KOTOpbix HK061.1 pa3te3HcaioT iiokjiohhhkh 
aHrponocotpcKon AOKTpuHbi; He no3BOJinji 6bi oh ce6e xapaKTepH30Ban> h -run 
"pyccKoro mteiaepHaHii a"; "p y c c k a e mieiHepiiaaq bi" ne6o- 
jibinoH cpaBHHTeju.no Kpyr; h CKa3aTb o hhx hto-jih6o, Bee paBHO hto neiaTHO 
BbicKa3aTb CBoe jiHHHoe sraeHHe CBoen saaKOMOM "A. A.". IlepeHOCHTb jthh- 
Hbie oTHomeHHH b KHHiy h Tail njiOflHTb 3KHBOKH sieuee npOCTHTejIbHO, HU MOB 
B3TJIKA, Heatejm JiHHHbie OTHomeaHB 3th 3ane<iaTJieTi> b <p ejIteTOI,e 6ohko 
Hflymefi ra3eTKH; AjnrreJii.HOCTi> cbejn>eTOHa — TpH aha; AJiBTejn.HOCTi> khhi-h 

— rOAa. 

B Bbicmefl ereneun nenpHHTiibi b bbixoakh no aApecy TeococpBH; Ha 
n3AeBaxejibCTBa He OTBenaiOT; Tyr — ysiOJiKaio h; b Bbicinefi creneHH tbtoctbo 
MHe OTBenaTb h Ha Teiiy o ciMBOJiiJueiieiia 3 t a y aBTOpa Hpe3BbiHaHiio 
nosepxHOCTBa; nacaTejno, accjiti. jieT 3aiHHmaBineMy "c h m b ji h 3 m" b ne- 
HaTHO, H ycrHO, AOcraTOiHO OTOcjiaTb k npoH3BeAeHHHM Bunecjiaaa HaanoBa 

HJli CBOHM CoGcTBeHHblM. OrBJieKaMCb OT "o KK y Jl bT H3 M a" B "CHUBO- 

Jinan a", aoanmty cocpeAOTony h cboh pa36op aoKpyr KparHHecKon Teiibi. 

06BHHeHHe b "aKpHTHHUOCTH" BbmjibiBaeT Ha 29-a CTpaHHije h njibmeT 
HeH3iienHO... ao Koiin,a KHHrn; accepTopB3M xapaKTepH3yeT ero: - — "y fl b b ji h - 

KtCB, HTO OB He BlfllT TOTO, KaK HaCTOBHHBbIM CBeAeHBeif BOeABBO 

npoCTO nejioBenecKHx HaCTnocxeS CBoero npBBaTHoro n coBepmeHHO aKpHTHH- 
HOrO MHp0B033peHHH... OH pOHfleT ace Aejio*. 

AKpHXHHHOCTb n03HUBH 

AOKTopa IIlTeBHepa nposajiHJia eiiy — flejio Bcefi ero jkhshh... Bhahtc, KaK 
cepbe3Ho: "kpbthuh3m" — pemaioiqirii nyHKT; h — nycTi. HHxaxejib b npejno- 
AHH 3toh He HineT CTpyKTypii "aKpHTHHHbix" B033peHHH, bx (popiiyjiii: Ha 
Bceii npoTflaceHHH khhtb CTpyKTypM b cpopvyjiu neT. Cepmo oSbbhcbbb 

— HaHHHaex, Be#eT, pa3BHBaeT, KOHiaeT: rojiocjiOBHoe yTBepjKAeHHe. "KpaTH- 
i|H3m" a- pa EUxeHHepa bhacjih mbi b npeAbiAymnx Aayx rjiasax. Ho iHTaxejib 
Hac cnpocHT: "MoaceT 6i.ni., SyAyna npas in abstract o, #-p IIIxeHHep 
B3iieHHeT ce6e in concreto? YBaacaeMbiH aBTop nepsoro xoMa o TeTe, 
6yAyHH He npaa in abstract o, iioaceT Gbrrb, in concreto — b npaB?" 

* PoI\ 29. * 

204 



06bhhchhh b aKpiiTHHHOCTH 6eraK)T no crpaiumaM: — 

— 29-h, 40-h, 45-h, 
46-h, 55-ii, 56-h, 84-fi, 85-fi, 87-*, 88-fi, 89-h, 132-h, 133-fi, 251-fi, 367-h, 377-h, 
399-fi, 491. — 

Cjieayji 3a 3ifiuiHeii Me-niepoii, o6bhh6hhh am h oGcjie^yio h. 



§ 114. AKpMTHHHOCTb 

Eme flo nepBOH ijiaBBi, bo "b b e a e h h h" KapAHiiajii.Hi.iH bo- 
npoc noAbiMaeTCH asTopoii: — 

— "3 tot n h c a t e ji b", — 

— to ecu. fl-p IHreS- 

HCp 

— "he noHJiexHT... cneifiajitHOH oiieuxe yienoro hjih 
xyflOJKHHKa, He ottoio tojii.ro, hto coHHiieiiHH ero e/jBa jih 
m cnocoSnti BBiaepacaTB t y hjih a p y r y w pa3flejii.Ho a e 3 c t - 

■ y K) m y M RpHTHK y"...* H T. fl. 

'TpaHBH JIHHHOCTH H MHpOB033peHHH r e t e 

IHTeHnepy b cbohx khhtbx oimjia^iOBaiB... He yaajiocB... 
"Co6cTBeHHoe opy acne" He... h aaec jio yflapa no yfl3BHMOiiy 
M e c t y icieicioro mipoi033peHii, bo a a ac e h He nanpao- 
iijijioci. Ha 3to iiecTO, a ecjiH 6 bi ueianinio aanpasiJioci 
ty«a h yfl3BHJio TeTe, to pixomeioii... npoBSHJio 6bi caiioro 
BlTeHHepa, tax saK cpen.H... yn3BHMBix iieci ioTeiEcpiaa- 
(laa ecu. h anajioriiEoe TOMy, KOTopoe... aajiaeica axmi- 
JteCOBOK nHTOH"flOKpHTHMeCKOro" r e t e a H C T b a"**. 

Tyr BCTaeT Bonpoc, cymer.TBenHi.iH ajih seen rhhth. "Akphthhho jih 
meaHCTBO — no aBTopy h fl-py DlTeHHepy? 



§ 115. TeTeaHCTBO 

IIo aBTopy? AsTop — ABOHCTBeHeH: c o/nioii CTopoH&i: — 

— "Hiei- 

Ire p fl a at e ue nofloapeaaeT, <rro Kan pa3 corjiacne TeTe c KanTOM no 
> lonpocy o npo6jiejiaTH3iie npnpoABi... KpoeTCH He b 6jiaronpHo6peTeiiHOM 
LnamaHCTBe, a bo BpoatfleHHOii"***. — 

— 'Texe BOBce He otjihhejich 
IT KaHTa, h6o hx Boajpeima Ha cymuocTi. WH3HH cjihihkoii 
IIihhtc jib ho coBnafla jih"****. — 



* Por. 34. 

** Por. 40. 

•*• Por. 79. 
••••Por. 251. 



205 



— "H aaecTHoe lapeveHie Te- 
TC.no cnpaaefljiHBOMy aaMenaHHio OopjieHnepa, — coBep- 
meaBO B ayxe yieai« Ksbtb o BeayciioBHOM, o Benin b ce6e, 

06 HflBHx"*. 

3to 3HaHHT: reTeaHCTBO kphthhho; oho — 6jth3ko no flyxy npeACTaBJiemiHM 
xoBTHaacxmi; «rro b hsbccthom ciibicjie 'T e t e He mucjihm 6 e 3 K a h t a", 
saaeT b fl-p ID/reHHep; hjih ace — «-p EHreHHep Han yTsepatflaeT: "II e p e x o - 

AH K OTHOinCHHM I* e T e K COBpeiieHHMM (pHJiocoepaM, cJieAy- 

ei n pes ac scero roiopm Ban o KaEie"'*; flawe oh rosopin, 
hto cospeMeHHaB TeieBy spelaean cpHJiocotpiu Kama 6buia Teii HBJteHHeji, 
c KOTopbiM coBpeMeHHHKaM TeTe npHXOOHJiocb conaTbCH. Ha B033peHHflx 
"KpiiHKi choco6hocth c y k a e h h h" HexaHHJiHCb TeTeBbi B033peHHH 
Ha opraHHSM; TeTe MeAJieHHO npeoAojiesaJi hx. 

BMecre c Teii OTiienaeT Han fl-p DlTeHHep: — 

— Toiopaii, o BJiaa- 
eii a p e b h h x hjih coBpejieHHtix r e t e MbicjiHTejieii Ha p a 3 - 
iiiEt r e t e B a A y x a Heio3iioxflO b tom cbucjic, kbk 6yATO 6bi 
Tere cjiojkhji cboh b3tjisai>i Ha ochobbhhh hx yieHHH. Cnoco6, laim 
A o ji ac e h 6 ti ji MbicjiHTb oh, siiecie c o 6 p a 3 o m ero B033peHHH 
Ha mp, o6paaoBajicH b 3bbhchmocth ot... pacnojioxeHii npipoAH 
ero... B OTHOiaeHHH sioii b icieHie Been csoen xiibi oh 
6biji... HeH3iieHeH n ***. 

IIo 3mhjihio MeTHepy , "c b o e o 6 p a 3 h o c t b" B033peHHB TeTe Toace noA- 
HepKHyTa: oh — "aanaui ipapoAoaoaipaie Jib"; kbk TaKosofi, 

aHTHRpHTHHeH OH: 

— "HI t e h h e p oTKpwBaeT p a fl cbohx paccyac- 
AChhh... paaroBopoH iieatAy aBTopoii MeTauop<po3bi, bo- 
oiiki spiqia... nepsopacTeHHe (a noioay n ciemiBixi- 
qaM c He c JiwxaH hokj... aanBHOCTbio aiy each) c tpeHoiie- 
hom)...**** — 

— "A ko ta a... aoxo aht ao aesoiopux npoat- 
jieaxi HaHBHoro aEpmim3iia r eie". ..***** 

— Teie n p a b, k a k eAiuciBeuuoe b c b o e m 
pofle cymecTBO, bo 11 h or 011 cosepineHHO oco6chho opraua- 
soaaHHoe" 

— "II OEiiHo, h t o reHHajibHefiuiyH) Ban- 
HOCTb npap oaobo3 3pHT e jih reie".., hi. 



• Por. 244. 
•* GNS. II Band, Goethe und Spinoza. LVI. 
*** GNS. II Band. Verhaltnu der Goetheschen Denkweise zu andern Ansichten, LUL 
••"Por. 46. 
•••••Por. 45— 46. 

••••••Por. 48. 

Por. 56. 

206 



— 'Teie, ayx... leniieBio mpiiBui, He- 

OCTOpoatHO BI.IMOJIBHJI HHOe CJlOBo"*. 

— 'Teie Bcerfla iihcjihji... o6pa3iio"..." 

"<D EKT OCTaeTCH d) a X T O M, H HaflJiejKHT n p H - 

mail, hio r e t e npapofloio 6 i>iji o 6 a e ji e h rnoceojioraiec- 

(IX ABpOM, T. e. KpHTBHeCKOK) CHOCo6hOCTI>K> K AJIHTejIB- 

HOMy n DO«po6aoKy aaajiisy csoero n o3hbb aie jiihoto 
npon.ecea"***. — 

— Ahtbkpbtbob3m Hajrauo; casioe MHpoB033peaBe TeTe, no 
daounuo MeTHepy, "aoBce He aayia, a CBoe o 6p a 3 h a h o6ji,acTj> 
MCXAy sayxoio, gcxycciaov a (paui ococdh eS"; xapaKTepHo: flo- 
nycxaa "cBoeo6pa3Hyio o6jiacii>" y TeTe, Morymyio HayKoio "BnHTbiBaTfcCfl", 
Morymyw aayxy "onjiofloTBopaTt caeiOBOCB o", — yBaacaejfbrii bb- 
Top ryMMHJiacTHKOM crapaeT pa3rpaHH«mTeju>HOCTi> jibhbb Mew npnpoAoii 
■ AyxoM, b neat, OAaaxo ate, oobhhhct ob fl-pa IQTeBBepa. 

"CBoeo6pa3Hyio o6jiacn", KaK Ba^ejm uu, npmuaeT a~P HItch- 
Ncp; MHoroo6pa3HO ob xapaKTepaayeT ee: xapaxTepB3yeT — oimctiBaH TeTeBO 
npeflcraBJieHHe 06 nff.ee, cpeHOiaeae, napax paccyAxa b paayiia; onnci»raafl 
OpeACiaBJieaBe TeTe 06 onbrre, 06 oiHomeHZH neatly xanecTBOM h xojiBHe- 
OTBOM, xapaKTepH3yeT aa npoTHaceaBB 858 CTpaaan. (npaBOAX k CW.), OTaepr- 
■yiMX bbtodom; xapaxTepB3yeT aata «-p nTieBHep "cBoeo6pa3Hyw Te- 
Tesy o6jiacTi," b oTHomeaaB x reKxejno, ^apBaay, KaBiy, ^atopaaiio 
Bpyao a t. fl. b t. n. Kax xapaxTepasyeT ee oa b oTHomeaBB x Teopaa CBeTa, 
Mfci BHAejTB Bbune; b "caoeo6paiByio o 6 ji a c t b" yBaacaeatbia asTop 
— ae xapaKTepH3yeT Baxax: o6eperaeT peBHBBo: oaa — "Alb e r nheit*; 
Alberaheit xe — ropoflCTBo. 

AxpBTBHBO jib reTeaacTBo, no fl-py IHTeHHepy? 

JS,-p DlTeHHep oTBenaeT Ban Tax: xaxoBbi 6mjib 6w TeopeTaxo-noaaaBa- 

fctJlbBbie npeflnoctiJiKH x Tonxe apeaaa Tere a iioryT jib obb BOo6in.e 6brrb? 

Rut pa3peraaeiibi b Teopaa 3peanji sonpocbi o lipase TeTe: 6bnb "e a h h c t - 

IIBBblB cymecTBOM"? 

. OTBetOB BBJueTCH — KBBra A-pa HfreHHepa; "Grundlinien einer 

(rkenntnia theorie der Goetheschen Weltanschauung". Ot- 

aa Bonpoc, nocTaBjieaHbifi 3ifHJiaeM MeraepoM, y A-pa ffireaaepa wrox; 
P Smbjibb MeTnep oTBeia Ha cbob Bonpoc — He inxaji; caai xe oa OTBenaeT 
> pacnjitiBHaTO. Ilepexoscy x pa36opy no rjiasau. 



• Por. 60. 

•• Por. si. 
•••Por. 83. 



207 



§ 116. 0Mnoco4>CKan noamim reTeaHCTBa 

Tjiasa: "$ ijioco^icxbi n o 3 h h. h h leieaacn a". 

AsTop Hac B3Beinae-r: KacaTi>CH dnuiocodmn TeTe — 3Ha<nrr xacaTbcx 
npxpooM. 

J\-p IIlTeftHep, xacaxci. npxpoflo-BoaapeHiix TeTe, npHHyatflen BMABXHyu. 
orpoMHyw cepmo cnenHajn»HeHmBX npHpoflOB033pBnejn.Hi.1x bstjixaob h nocax- 
rara paa6opy bx MHonie cothh CTpaffim.. 

YBaxaeMbiB asTop HasemaeT Hac: hto6 dohhti. HaTypdmjiocodnno Tere, 
coaepmeuHO flocraTOHHo: — 

— 1) ocBexamb mxojiMtMe npeflCTaBJiemia no dmax- 
xe, 5oTaHHKe, xmn... 

— 2) nponecn. KHHry <X>opjieHflepa (Kairr, ElaJiJiep, 
TcTe), 

3) H nOMHBTI.: OCHOBHBie JIHHHB "K piIIKI 

cnoco6nocTH cyxtAeHHx" Kama. 

— HeflopaayMemu Gmti. He Moace-r. 

Kaic ocbcshji ysaxaeitun asTop mxoJiMiMe npeflcraBJieHHJi o dmaxxe, 
BBflejm mm Ha paaGope cbctoboh TeopBB TeTe; xaK oh othochtch k xpHTHQiiaMy 
■ Kairry, — mm BHflejm Toace: b npeflnpefltiflymen ijiaBe. 

<DopjieHflepe — pen. Bnepefln eme: b QopjieHflepe, aojukho 6m», 

CHJia. "<I> BJIOCO^lCKaH D03HUII ICICaBCTBl" O (pBUIOCO(pCKOH 

nosHinoi TeTe onttu, iiajio xpaXTye-r; fl-pe IQTeaaepe — traoro; TeTe bsht 
b oiBomeBHB k... fl-py lHxeHHepy, Ha xoTopow a cocpeflOTO«nuica asTop. TjiaBa 
flOJiXHa Ha3bnwnkcx: "OiiomeHie (pHJiococpCKofi noaiqn 
niieHBepa k... r e t e". CocpeflOTOHHB BHraaHxe Ha A-pe nireHHepe, nona- 
flaei* mm — in mediae res', fl-p IQTeHHep a Tere hem see nepenyiaji; 
MaTepHajnuMOM HassaJi oh — TpaHcneHAeHraJiMiyio (pHJioco<pBH> h npa domo- 
icb Text — coxpyunui rjiasy Kamy; Tere xe, B3HB axpHTViecKM, ynpexaeT 
b Hecnoco6HOCTB o6pam,aTi> saop BOBHyTpi.. JJfi cax nop — apryMeHTainm neT. 

^ajiee cjieflyer: Tere boohhio 3psrr nepBopacreHiie; h — He npas TeTe, 
cnyTMBaa Hfleio c (peHOMeHOM; BnocjieflCTBHH jramb ciaHOBHTCH oh xpHTinnicTOM. 

Cj1efly101n.ee uecio rjiacirr: — 

— "II e p e fl cbodmh npoTO-<peHOMe- 
hbmh reie HcnMTMBaji... CTpaHuyio po6ocTi... Korfla o6pa- 
3M xx XBJiHJincb nepefl hhm 6ojiee o 6Ha at eHH o"*. 

ConocTaBxanm sty inrraTy c innaTaMx: — 

— - "K an moi 6m h 3 b ji e h 1. 
orpoiiHyio n o jii.3 y... H3 yM03pHTejiiHOH (?!?) n jia ctkkh TeTe c ee 
npoTo-d^eHOMeHaM a"**; 

— "coieiaaae lAeani- 

HOCTH H CIMIOJIHIBOCTI,.. TOJLbKO MJblCJIHMO B Hflee, B "n p O T O - 

4»eHOMeHe"*** — 



*PoI\ 50. 

••Pol". 168. 

•*• Por. 360. 



208 



BBABM MM! Ha CeAHfOH XC CTpaHHIje BCpBOB rjiaBbl 

cBoeS khhtb yBaataeBMB amop coBepmaer BenonpaBBMeanniB npoiiax, cueum- 
b&h (peaonea c Hfleefi, Tctc aait roBopax: — 

— "II poTO-(peHOMeH — m a r - 

B«T..." 

cuemeHni mbom AOcraToqao cKa3auo. 

^ajiee cjieflyer: TeTe — Hfleajmcr; HAeajniaM A-p UlTeBBep CHirraeT "bcjih- 
laimiii HccHacTHeu"; bbabt b Hen poKosyio onm6xy. J\-p DlTeHHep we, aaaeii 
mm, flonycnaeT flo ceiiH BAeajiacTHHecxHX nocTpoeBaa: uneamtaua oxxyjibT- 
Horo, TpaHCi|CHAeHTajii>Horo, unenpiecKoro, BOJUOHTapHCTHHecKoro, suzatpm- 
necKOio, jiomHCCKoro a raocTBHecxoro; onpeaejueT no3Hinno TeTe kok* k oh- 
xpeTBMB iflCBJiHax, o CBoea no3Bnaa yTaepacflaeT: "aama toiKi 
a p e a h a — ■ a e a ji b 3 m", BocxmnaeTca HeacKaaceHBbiM Hjibtohom, omena- 
« rereso npexjioaeaBe nepeA bbm; xax 6m bb 6mjio: — 

— A-p IIlTeHHep, no as- 
xopy, b aoeajmaiie bhaht HecHacrae a ciienniBaeT HAeio — to c yuospeHHeu, to 
c 6ecnpeAB3HTOHHi.iM Bocnpajmieit... — 

— fl HHTaTeju HacTOH-rejiiHO npomy 3a- 
mjniyTj. b moh ccmjixb, H3 xoTopMx HBcrByeT cosepnieHHo o6paTHoe; BACH 
y A-pa IttreBBepa — xoaxpeTaa, xcaBa, qejibHa, eoAepacaTejibHa: oaa — ayxoB- 
Hoe cymecTBO; hh o xaxoM "yMospeaii" ae Boater 6mti> pew, xax ae 
mobcct 6biTb yao3peHHH b uapcTBe paayiia, rrte o6irraiOT bach: rojiocjiOBaqa 
onpaBAaHHH ae aiieeT. D,-p DXreHHep CMeiHHsaeT HAeio c aBJieBHeM, Tax xax 
(o6paTHre BBHuaBHe aa apryBearauBio apa bomoibb "tax xax") oa: — 

1) OTBJICieBBKX, 

— 2) MaTepnajiHCT, 

— 3) AorjiaTHK, 

— 4) uoaacT. 

ELocjie Aayx pa3o6paaaMX Teii ("KpjrnmasMa" a "<I>h3hkh") h MOry co 
enoxoBBoa cotcctmo no noBoay "neTBepoHKoro" "tan x a x" aaiieraTb: "ner- 
Mpoaxoe n "tax x a x" — pennnejuao naAaeT. 

fl-p EDtreBaep ecw, "oTBJieHeaaax": — 

— oa yrBepxAaeT, vro Bcraaa aa- 
ABmaAyajtbHa, xoaxpeTaa; a Bbipaacemie ee — a(popn3M. 

fl-p DlTeHHep — "m a t e p h a ji a c t": — 

— bo oa — yTBepacAaer: 
"KapTHHa HHpa... ecTb cyifiia locnpiitii 6es b ocbobc 
1 jtaacau^ea ifaTepaa"*. 

fl-p DDtreBaep — "a o r m a t h k": — 

— AornaTH3M pa36itBaeTca A-pou ntreB- 

DM B ySHHCTBeHHOH XpHTHKe. 

ft-p DlTeHHep — aaHBBMH mohhct: — 

— b MeTOAOJioraa mi nposoAHTCJi 

OpaJiaCTBHeCKBB B3TJLKA- 



•GNS.m Band. XIV. 

209 



IIpoflOJiKaio — xofl iibicjiea Smbjihh MeTHepa: A-p IIIreBHep He nocTBraeT 
jothocti. <paJioco<pa Kairra h pacnpaBJiseTca sapaapcKB c TepuiiHOM: 
"on mi". 

OTHOCHTejttHO nocTHaceziiui jihihocth KaHTa yBaacaeubiit aBTopoM — penb 
6yaeT aa»e: 6 tom, kbk a-p IITreBHep othocbtch k Kaiuy h k TepMBHy 
"o n bi t", OTCbiJiaio k npeA-npeAbiAyinea rjiaae, r«e oTHOmeHae a-ro pa3o6paHO 
mhoh) noApooHO. 

— Ha npoTHHteHHH aecHTH nepBbtx crpamm ^BxypapyKvr. BO-nepBbrx, 
rpoTecK (ciiemeHBe a^ea c <peaoiieHoii); so-BTOpbrx, tparypapyiOT — oneab 
Majio — numae yBJieieHBH Teste "nepBopacTeaaeii"; B-TpeTbax, (parypapyeT 
A-p HlTeHHep; ABeHaAuaTHnjieHHaa (popMyjia o6aHHeHBH BbirjuABT KpynnoBoa 
nymKOH) nepefl BbiCTpejioii: fl-p nLreiiHep: 1) TpaHCu,eHAeHTaJTH3M cjrBBaeT 
c uaTepHaJuoMOH, 2) npa noifoura TeTe 6bei KaHTa, 3) reTeaHCTBo 6epeT 
aRpBTBHecKB, 4) ynpeicaeT TeTe b HecnocoGuocTH o6pamaTb B3op BOBayTpb, 5) 
pa3flejiaeT Tert b (pajiococpaio KpaTauasMa, 6) BAeajiasii cvBTaeT aecHacTBeii, 
7) CMenrasaeT c yii03peaaeii a^eio, 8) HBJiaeTCH iiaTepaajiacTOM, 9) hbjihctch 

MOHBCTOM AOmaTBROM, 10) SBJUeTCH OTBJieHeBHBKOlI, 11) BapBapCKB Be BOCTB- 

raer cyrb jtbhhoctb KaHTa, 12) a pacnpasjiHeTCH c obmtoh. H3 jnteBaAoaTB 
nyHKToa paaoGpaBbi iibok> b npeaMAyupix rjiasax yate geBHTb. 

OcraMTCB Tps nyHKTa: 1) cMemeHHe MaTepaajiB3ua c TpaacneHAeHTa- 

JTB3HOM, 

2) paa/iejieHBe TeTe b KaHTa, 

3) o6BBBeHae Ttrt b aecooco6aocTB o6pamaTb 

B30p BOBHyTpb. 

TojiocJioBKiia — c-rpejuaeT; bo rojiocjioBana — pa3pMBae-rcH; b sosayxe — 
kjiohok ee GeccBJibHO a Herpo3no aeceTCH "t p e x - n y h k t a e m". Hm nona 
h sajbtycb. 



§ 117. TpaHCi|«HAeHTanH3M: b*iu> a c«6e 

JJ-p nTreaaep CMemaji: MaTepaajiasM c (paJioccxpaea KparaiiasMa. 

TeKCT 06BBHeHBH? — 

— "HI x e b h e p Aoaejiban o6jieriBJi c e - 
6 e 3 a a a h y pa3ipaHMieHix noJioscBii tohhob h a y k h, b o 3 - 
3peBBB TpaHcqeHACHTa JibHor o B#eaJiB3Ma b napocoaep- 
M a h a a r e t e. Ilepaoe a itopoc oh o6auiaeT to a( a t e p b - 
a ji a 3 m o m, to MexaHB3MOM;a r e t e oh n o e t x b a ji y flo Tex nop, 
n o k a c uhbhok) ero n o i< o u; b 10 uiJiioiopBO onpoKHflbiBaeT 
n e p b o e h Biopoe;3aien, npoHHKaa « a ji b in e b npnponoBefle- 
aae TeTe, oa EaunxiBaeici Ha ajieueaiu eiiy, IDieBHepy, 
iy at flbie... oeiaiBHO 3apaataeTCH bmb, bhocbt nyianiiHy 
B BHyipeiHee.npaTiBOpeixe b cbob b 3 r ji a a bi; a Koraa, Ha- 
K o h e ii, a o x o A a t «o HeKOTopbix npoHBjieiiaa HaBBaoro a k - 

210 



pnTHi(H3Ma reie... io c n oc Jie AOBaTe ntH oct bm aEinpiix- 
iihctb ycitaipiBaei 3«eck Be aHT hk p ht h uh 3 ii"*... 

HaeeTca pafl yTBepacAeaHa: o6jier<iBji, o 6 o 3 b a ji, aanytajica; oaa 
TpeGywr AOKa3aTejii,cTBa; AOKa3aTejrj»CTBa — ueT; ecTb rojiocjioBaua; aenero 
nejULTb: saniiycb rojiocjiOBaaea. 

Ectb 6poimopa y fl-pa IHTeBBepa**; b Hen npOBOflHTCa mmcjil: "Be mi. 
b c e 6 e" MaTepaaJiHSHpyeTCH aea36exao — b MeTatpasBHecxoii npaMbimneaaB. 
MaTepnajiHCTH<iecRa-MeTa<pH3H<iecKaH CKaHflajitHOCTi. SToro o6cTOHTeJibCTBa 
— CKaxeii mm ot cc6h — b Hcropmi mmcab oco3Haaa: lferonojiora Kama, B36eraa 
CKaHflajia, 3a6jiaiOBpei<eHBO cnparaAH arty "Bemb". UoHeuy oaa ee cnpHTajm? 

"Bemi. b ce6e", ecjra ia>i ce6e ee He npeACTaBHM sui g-eneris 
xaTeropaea — xaTeropaaJibabiM npeaejiou — MaiepnajiasBpyeTca Bea36eacao, 
npeBpamanci, b ocaoBy HBJieHaii, htoGm najiet b HOHHMaHaa npaHaaaocTB, xax 
ocHOBbi, ctbti, o#hob 03 ABeHaAHaTa KaTeropaa, HTO flJIH KaaTa — cKaHflaji; 
jibhbo Kbht He npo^ejiaji CKaHABJia: npoAejuui ero Elonenrayap; oh nocTaBBA 
aaak paseHCTBa Me»Ay stow "b e m b m>" a BOJiefi, bojiio cboh> yTonaji, 3acTaBHB- 
nm ee noaBBTbca b 3axaae (3asoH MOTBBauaa), to ecTb b o6jia<na npeACTasjie- 
hjlh; h oa 3Ty noe3AKy cboio coBepanui — aa KaaTaaacKoii KOHe*. ysaxaeiibia 
asrop no aToiiy noBOAy mrmei: "K oneino, moscho 6uii> pa3Jia<taoro 
KBein o aaAo6aocTB hjih Aony cthmocth "aemu B ce6e"***... 

MeTOAOJiora Kaara o "bcqi b c e 6 e", xoaenao, pa3JiHHHoro anemia, 
aanpaaep, c IIIoaeHiayapoii a yBaxaeuBOf asTopoai, AonycKawmaM "a eim": 
Ba3bntaH "semi" — noHATaea npocTo, 3a6jiaroBpeueaao ohh y6apaiOT ee, 
sax npeTJnnaB am flyajmcTHHecKHfi npaatcyc b Teopaa anaHna, AOJiaceHcr- 
ByHJajea 6bm> mobojtbtbob, Aa6bi ae 6bixb ncaxojiornea; "TpaHcqeaAea- 
t a ji * a m a o c t a t o k" bokct 6bm> jm6o acaxoJiomiecKaM npaBKycoM, ae 
npopa6oTaHHi>iM mobojibtbob Teopaea, jihGo xycoHKOM ot Benmoro Mapa, 
xaTeropaea HenoKptrrofi, jih6o ace ranoTeTBHecxBM nocTyjiaTOH. 

Abtop Ham namer: "Hejii»3a cieidhibii npeflnoCMJiaeiiyw 
IinoTtjy c octbtkom nocjie xp aHcqen AeHTa JibHoro aaa- 
jib 3 a"****. CoqeTaaae cjiob "ipaHci<eHAeEiajitnui ociaio k", <po- 
■naiecxB, AonycKaio a, 3By*cHT o^ieub Baacao; ho TepMaaojiora^ecKaa ero 
OMbicji — oKOHHaxeJibBO nycT; "TpaHCAenAeHTaJibHtia a h a a a 3" ecm. 
•aajoia noaaTaa OBbiraoro ynOTpe6jieHHa; ocTaTOK ace ot TOKoro aaajniaa 
DoaauaeM abohko; ah6o oa — Bae-noBHTaaBbia orn>rr, HenOKpbiBaeMbrit noaa- 
Ubmb aaTepaaji; mtfio oh aae-onbriBoe noaaTae; Tpexbero noHBHauaa Her: 
• noHBMaaaa TpeTbeM sto — TpecK, cJiOBOCOieTaaae; ecTb cJiOBOCOHeTaBBa 
tpecKyqHe; ao caucjia b hhx — Majio... 

noBBMaaae nepsoe Be^eT b MeTatpaaaKy; a noaaaaBae BTOpoe — noHBMa- 
■xe aeoxaBTaaaCKoe; b aea a-ah Kaara — eAaacTBeHHbra BbixoA- Ho b Heii 
BCBKoe "c a if o no c e 6 e" acHe3aer b asjieaaa; OTToro-TO BCHe3.n0 HBJieaae 
Oauo no ce6e — b xpaaaax BbmOAax KaaTaaacTBa. 



• Por. 45, 46. 
** 4>HJiocoipHa h Teococpna. M., 1915. 
••• Por. 66. 
**"Taa we. 

211 



BtisefleHHe onbrra 113 ero npeanocbiJiOK BCjncyio npeaueTHyio 3HaiHMOCTb 
CTnpaeT c o&beKTa hoshbhhji; coflepacaHHe 3«ecb aojukho BUBo/pmca aa (popsibi; 
eme mar: coaepacamieii (popiia erpeJiaeT; stot Bbicxpeji us (popubi coaepataHHesi 
MBpa ecTi. imp, KaK KOHcrpyKUHH; to eeTb Map, KaK (popiia cywflenHH (Phk- 
Kept)'; HAeajraaM Tyr — KOHcrpyKUHOHHSM; 3«ecb o&bem jimneH npn3HaKOB; 
b 3a hum ocTaeTCH npaso HHCimTbCH aeurbio b ce6e — nouHraeif, OTpnu.aTe.nbHO 
MbicjiHMBEn; MaTepnaji no3HaHH«, o&beKTHBHO nasi AaHHMH, yjieTyHHJica b nyc- 
TOTy; h ero 3aneaitJio: Hsyneiuie 3aKOHOB o6pa30BaHHX hohhthh. 

B 3toh KpaHHeH KOHCTpyKijHH ecTb no KpaHHeH iiepe xoTb "oiopon b" 
3HaHHH, ce6fl HH3sepnnero b nponacTb: no3aaBaTejibHbin uaTepnaji npeBpaiqeH 
H3 o&beirra b npoayKT; y nosBaaHH — HeT o&beKTa; oho — npo/ryinipyeT, to 
ecu. poxAaeT o&beRTbi; oho — He no3HaHae, a — fleTopoHcfleHne toju.ko: 
aeTopoatfleHHH) 3Toiiy cneayer Tenepb OTKa3aTbCH ot (pymciniH CBoen noaHaBaTb 
h ce6fl npH3HaTb 3a o6i»eKT: Kaxoro-TO HHOro no3HaHiui; TpaHcn.eHAeHTa.nH3M 
3flecb sumipHfl, to ecTb flaHBoe... KaKHX-To no3HamiH. KaKHx we no3HauHn? 

Jlp TpareAHH bmboaob KaimiaHCrBa yaaxaeii&m asTop npiino«HjrrbCH Gohtch: 
KpenKO AepxHTca oh 3a "ipaHciieHAeHiajiiHufi ociaio k", 3a cboh> 
"semi b c e 6 e"; 3ra Beim> y Hero KOM(popTa6eju>Ha n "ce6e Ha yiie", KaK 
(pHJiocoipHJi JIaHre: h bot eio-TO oh npoBOOHT AeMapKauHOimyio jihhhh>: utm 
MaTepHajmsiiOM HaHBHbDi h... TpaHCu.enaeHTajibHbiM. CKaaceii KoporKo: TpaHCueu- 
AeHrajiH3M c MaTepHajiH3iioM cSjQixaeii He no« JIaHre — HaA JIaHre: b HeH36eac- 
hocth BHecTH b iieTatpHSHKy — Bem> b ce6e; 3^ecb 06a "o h h" — peaji«3Mbi; 
nocTyjiaT h TpaHcqeHfleHTajibiibiH octbtok b 3tom nyHKTe — "ochobm"; cTajio 
6brn> — o6paTHM&i; o6paTHMOCTb ix — tojimco Bonpoc AHajieKTHKH. 3to BCHKOiiy 
bcho: KaHTHaHuy h fl-py HheikHepy. HeHCHO jramb aBTopy. 



§ 118. TeTe m Ksht 



JJ,-j> DlTeHHep uacHJibCTBeHuo He pa3«e.nmeT TeTe h KaiiTa. B He- 
KOTopbix OTHomeHHHX 'TeTe hcmucjihii 6 e 3 K a h t a". TeTe h Kbht 
pa3flejiem.i flOKa3aTejibHo: 



TeTe: 

1) HfleajmcT aiimipHiecKHH. 

2) HfleajIHCT KOHKpeTHblB. 

3) HflCH B HBJieHHH. 

4) Hflea KOHCTHTyTHBHa. 

5) HfleH KOHKpe-nia. 

6) OHa npoflyKT BHCHBamui b hbjic- 
hhc 

7) HmejuieKTyajiBHoe co3epuaHHe 

B03MOHCHO. 

8) OpraHHKa B03M0H<na. 

9) AHTHTCJieOJIOrHCf . 



Kbht: 

1) HfleajiHCT Tpanci^eH«eHTajibHbiH. 

2) H«eajiHCT aGcTpaKTHbin. 

3) Hflea 0Tpe3aHa ot HBJieHHH. 

4) H^en peryjiHTHBHa. 

5) HfleH nycTa. 

6) Ohb npoayKT KaTeropaajibHoro 
pacunipeHHH. 

7) HHTeJiJieKTyajibHoe co3epn,aHne 

HCB03HOXUO. 

8) OpraHHKa HeB03M0H«ia. 

9) TejieojiorHM. 

H T.jifl. 



212 



BtiBOA aBTopa OTHOCHTejibHO Fexe: Cjiobb aBTopa no noBOfly KaHTa: 

"H Hiaioi (pHJiocotpcKofi Teie... c r o p e h b m npico- 

napajuiejiH k ce6e... TeTe BOKynjiHJi: aa, ho KaHT... bob- 

He TepnHT... oh can ce6e na- ce He cniiajiCH co hhoh"**. 
pa juie jii."*. 

OTCiOAa He BbrreKaeT Huxaic: 

— Teie BOBce He ouixiajici ot Kaaia"***. 06- 
mHOCTH ycTpesuieHHH, o6ycjiOBJieHHtix BpeiueHeM, oGibhocth o&teKTOB hc- 
cjieflOBaHHH He OTpimaeT y o6ohx MbicjiHTejien fl-p nTreibiep: 06a ohh cxoah- 
jihcb Ha HeB03i<oacHociH o6i.bchhtb npnpoAy opraHHHecKoa hch3hh b paccyflOH- 
hmx KaTeropnuix. "Ilojiaraa h e b 03 m hch CTb... paccyAOHHOro 
o6-bHCHeHBH opraHHnecKOH n p h p o a 1,1, KaHT, loaeiao, He 
flyiiaei, hio 011a hokohtcb b 3axoHOuepnocti icxaHHiec- 

K0f""... 

KaHT TyT 6jih3htch k Teie; ho TeTe OTMynaeT ot Kairra; onpe/jejiaeT 3Ty 

B03MOHCHOCTB H CTaHOBHTCH "K OnepHHKOM H KeHJiepOM OpiaEI- 

necKoro si h p a". ^encTByeT oh, KaK MbicjmTe.ru>, He KaK HauBHua noaT. 

CoeAHHHTB JieHTMOTHB KaHTHaHCTBa H Tejt fl-p IIlTeHHep, KOHeHHO, He 

MoaceT; coeAHHjrri. TeTe c KairroM Ha toji ocHOBaHHH, hto Tett ecTi nepBbri* 
noaT, a KaHT n e p b bi ft no b p e m e h h rnoceojior, hto 06a ohh — o/nio- 
BpeiieHHbie Heimbi, oh He Moate-r, kohchho; yBaHcaeifbra asTop 6pocaeTC.n: TeTe 
noATacKHBaTt k KaHTy. 

TeTeBCKiiH n«eajDi3M BCKptiBaeT Hfleio b aBJieHim; HAeajiH3M ace y KaHTa, 
nOHHTHeM nojiaraa juuieHHe, noHHTHeii OTpe3aeT aBJieirae — ot wneu, rohchho: 
pa3JiaraeT HBJieHHe, ySasaeT aBJieirae; Tan HBJieHHe — KpacHopeHHBaa necHH; 
aoecb — HeiiOH MaTepaaJi; TaM — KOHCTpyKinifl; 3flecb — HyBCTBemibiH xaoc; 
B03HeceHne HB-neima — Tail; 3/ject — CTpeMHTejibiioe KaTeropnaji&Hoe 6ercTBo: 
B nycTonopoHCHOCTi; Tail HBJieHHe — "Gleichnis" 10 ; 3nea. — - jiHTepaTypHaa 
BJiJieropHH a propos. KaHT iior 6brrb ajih TeTe — nojiesubiii 6api>epoM ... fljw 
ynpaatneHHa iiycKyjiOB: nen.aroraHecKH aior ctohtb Tere h 3a ycTponcTBO 
6api>epa: opraHH30BbiBBTb KaHTHancKyio napTHio. KaHT, cyflH no TeTe, ochob- 
hbim o6pa30H ounf 6aeTCH, Kor^a "c y 6 -b e K t h b 11 y 10 bosioxbocii no- 
3 h a h h a 6epeT, KaK o 6 1, e k t". 3aKJiH>HaTi> o cxo^cTBe Hfleajm3MOB TeTe 
■ KaHTa — Bee paBiio hto 3anjiK)HaTb o paBenCTae HepaBHbix inapoB, wcxofla 
H3 conpHKocHOBeiraa hx b oahoh TOHKe; ane/ryeT Tor«a, ocTasaacb nocjie- 
AOBaTejn>HbiM, jih6o BbinepKHyTt ace "Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften", jih6o 
BBisepnyTb KaHTa, hto... Toate bo3mohcho: see jioranecKH HeacHbie nyHKTbi 
y KaHTa npeflcraBHTb KaK imcTHKy; TpaHcn.eHfleHTajn.Hyio acTeTinty KaHTa 
o6epHyTb 3CTeTHKOH npocTO — h tbx oaJiee, flajiee. TaK nocTynaji IHoneHray- 



• Por. 166. 
•♦ Por. 168. 
»"Por. 251. 
**** GNS. I Band, Goethes Monismus, LXII. 

213 



sp 11 a — Tax oiopBajica ot KaHTa; Tax ero (pHJioccxpaa, BbriiAa as ccpep 
npBTJiateHiu HHCTOro KaHTBaHCTBa h oKa3aBnmci> 6e3 ccpepu, 6buia npsTflHyTa 
c<pepoio... a/iea HHianeaBCKBx: Kbht HaBbisopoT, b iiojihoh itepe HaBbmopoT, 
BoapoflHJica y... Haiime. 

KaBrmaHifbi npaBBJiBBO nocrrynaiOT; UToneHrayapa He npiiHiuiaiOT ohh; 
b jionnecKH BbicBeTJunoT quasi-MHCTHxy KaHTa. TeTe mot ce6e no3B0jmTb 
4>aHTa3BK>: yBJieieHBe tob bjth hhob cropoHoa xaHTaaHCTBa, npejioifjua 
aocrpaxaaio b o6pa3e Hbuuiepa; nor Ha nyHKTa CBoeS (pajiocotpaa ocbcthtb 
Haacejiexamee b Kanre; ho Jiyn ocBenieHHH npeBpainaTb iiotom b y3bi, He 
3Ba<m jib: apxaHOM, HaKBHy-rbiM Ha opjia, no/rraiinrrb opjia k... Hocopory. 

Hepea 6api>ep iiokbo npuraTb: npuraa, npnxocHyTbca k 6api>epy; hoxho 
jiaace — cnoTXHyTbca; ho xacaHae npeBpainaTb b aui generis cbh3i>, 3to 

— 3Ha<nrt: noGejurrejifl npamieHTb k 6aptepy; hto QopjieH/iepy HHTepecHO 
npaKJieaaaTb Ten — hot cnopa; Beflb npaiuienji ace HaTopn: IIjiaToaa 

— k KoreHy 1 *. Ysaacaeiibni aBTop He MOaceT Tax nocTymrrb. TeTe oh noHaiiaeT 
a — cjDnnxoH jik»6ht /ijih ctoto; Tax «rro eiiy ocTaeTca: x Tere... npaxjieaBaTb 
Kasna; BbiBopaiHBaTb KaHTa. 



§ 119. KaHTIMHCTBO H "ttuieftTa" 

Tax nocrynHB, paapeinaeTca oh SnacraTejibHOH (ppa3oa: — 

— 'Teie 
BOBce ae OTJiHHajica ot KaHTa, h6o ix B033peHia Ha cym- 

H O C T b *C H 3 H B CJIHHIKOM IHalHiejItHO COBnaflaJIH;OTJIHHBJI- 

ca ace Teie ot KaHTa JiHinb Ten, ito"... — 

— cjiymaHTe! — 

— "bhah- 
BiflyajikHuS jieiiHOTBB cp HJIOCO< P CTBOBaHHa KaHTa a b y - 
hbi flajicKO 3a cijeioi opnoKiy a nxia iojiocom(o, kbhth- 
aHUbi a aHTHKaHTBBHUbi, He cjibnoaaiae stoio rojioca!) — y Feie ace eio 

JieHTllOTBB (HHABBBAyajIbHO HHOB, B IIDC CXOBCHB 

C KbUTOBUm) lIHOrOTOJIOCHO a xpacoHHO npoxoflBT b op- 

xecipe* — 

— CjibimajiB? 
Hosoe b Teopaa 3HaHaa y KaHTa ecTb to, hto ro mothbob ea flejia hot: 
KaHTHaaubi onaTb-Taxa 3to iiohhjib; dohhjih, <rro 6bin> xaHTaaHi^eii, a-ro 
3Ha<arr: noAxsaTHTb mctoa KaHTa (He ero cpajiococpBio BOBce); ohhcthtb ero... 
HO Hayxa. Hicioia xaHTaaHCTBa 3aKJnoHaeTCH b tom, <rro6bi 6i>rrb h a m e 
KaHTa. H "ax" KaHT paapemaeica b MHoroo6pa3Ha KOMMeirrapaeB, cjiara- 
kudhx b cbok) onepeflb MHorooopaaae mxojl. AnejumpoBBTb x jiaHHoiiy rojiocy, 
jieaTiaoTHBy, mo 3Ha<arr: He 6 m t b xaHTaaHiieM; Tax nocTynaji HIoneHra- 

•PoI\ 251. t 

214 



yap; oh — Kaaxa noacjiyimnaji: wya&ncoH noACJiylmiBaji bojim, h "b e m b 
b ce6e" — BOJieio. TyT Kbhtb oh BMBepHyji, coieTaBimi c ILiaTOHOM 

M C HHAyCCKOH BeflaHTOH. 

3tot KaHT h "poflH ji": ttpHflpMxa H h u. in e. 

yaaacaeMbia aBTop, b cyuntocm, noACJiymnBaji Kama He cbohmh yinasiH, 
a ymHon Tpy6on: ffloneHrayapoii; h noflyjiaji oh, hto noflrjiiAu- 
» a t fc — HayYKJi ero Hxinne. Kpxrniinuui y asTopa — necemca; BbicTynjieHHe 
ero ot jniqa "tpiiimin" — AyHOBerae npocio; iiysHUHpoBaTi. oh He 
xoHei: flyeT npo3peHHeii. 

Tere nycri. eiry cxaweT. 

Tertt eny roBopHT: "J3, y t i> — He ibiiii h r p a t i> h a <p ji e a T e; ajib 
■rpu HyxHO flBHraxb naJH>najiH n . 

IIo3T0ify saaBJiemie asTopa: — 

— "aarjiHfl Ha cyiqaocit nosBiHii 
y QTeiBepa... paitefliHiei ero c k pa t hu,h3 m om"*, — 

— Aaxce He 
Mysuxa, Tpe6yioiD,ax ABHBteHHfl najuneB, a npocroe — flyne. 



§ 120. Kbht m BaflSHTa 

AsTop: — 

— "Pe3KO oipmiBTCJiiBoe xe omoucHie 
B Kaniy, KOTopoe BCMfly o6aapyxiBaet IIlTeHHep, cbiac- 
teJtBCTByeT, doiihiio paspusa ero c hob mm eBponeicim 
ryMaHHSiioif, laixe h o 6 oiiynfleBHOcn ero vipoioaape- 
III ot ApeBHeiiineH iiyflpocn uainnx asmciix pon- 
ttlCHBlKOB — HHflycoB,i6o KaHT h e n p o n 3 B O JII> H O 6JIH30K 
I OCHOBHblM MOSieHTalt yiCHII Befl"". 

Qpaaa wra no oraomeHHio x Kairry — npocro m vp p o xaxoe-To: k HiieHaM 
Bmch, KansuiM h fflpH-DIaHxapa-AHapMi npit6aBJUieTCfl KaHT, 6jdi3xhh... 
X Beflairre". 

Kax see asTop aa6&ui, hto A-p HTxeaiHep pa3AeJiHer hoshuhh Teoco<pHH, 
■ OTHomeHHH k oGnnui HAeaii h HoiieHKJiaType dohhthh; h xax nor oh sa6i>rn>, 
gTO 3th HAeH b HOneHKJiaType hohbthh Teoco<pneH 3anaAa B3jrcw... H3 BeaaH- 
fte: sepcxa BeAaHTH3iia noJioaceHa a ocHOBaime Teoco<pnn; Tax tto 

MiHT-BCAaHTHCT "x y 3 e H" TeOCO(|)HH. 

1 CxaxeM tojibko: Aonycxax xpBmraecxHH npaxcHc snpocTo xiiaea- 
• on noABHre u o6hahcii, hto A-p IIlTeHHep b nymrre ceii BbigBiiraeT pxA 
JpSBBJi, aBTop can nepTHT "n p a b h ji a" — Tpeiui crpaHHuaiiH Aajiee. 



•PoT. 251. 
••PoI\ 377. 



215 



§ 121. Co36pMaHHe 

^-p nixeaBep oGbihsct TeTe b He cnoco6HOCT h 

oGpaiaaTb B3TJIHA BOBHyipb. 

JiflM pa3tHCHeHiie no aroify nymcry, coe- 
AHHBB ero c aHajiorHHHJbiM iiecTOM tor xe nepaoa rjiasu, r«e ooBHHeHae 
HJieHopa3Aejn.Hea, BHjrraee. 

MeTHepon yTBepxAaeica: — 

— «-p DlTeHHep Haopasjuei Ha TeTe pnn atyi- 
Hbtx BoaapeHHH, BBjimoiiQcx co6oh noxecb hs bKEyjn>TB3Ma c u^tajuiauoM. 
OGauaeome apryneHTHpoBaJi Meraep: — 

TOJliKO CCblJIKOK) Ha 

CTpaHHUbi GW; khhth y HBTaTCJia HeT; ho oh — MeTHcpy aepHT; MeT- 
Hep ysepeH b ecTecTBeHHOB aepe qxTBTejia; a — penurrejibHO njuunpopitH- 
pyci: — 

— "Hto cxaaaTb hoaoohob HecjibrxaHHoa nyraHHue?" — BOCKJumajsae 
othochtch x Mbicjnt: Teie He noACJiyinBBaji "ce6a caiiora npa csoeii 
npon,ecce n o 3 h a h a h". BoaMieii b pyxn GW; a — pe3H»tapyeii yraepx- 
Aemfl fl-pa IIlTeHHepa hb 70-fi a 71-fi cipaHaqax: — 

COSepuafl XH3Hb HAeHHO- 

ro Hapa, se^aeT neaoseK a npapooy HfleaHoro Mapa, noTOMy hto npeAaeT 
co3epuaHHH nan bo BHyrpeHHea nape: aBTOHOHeH; 3to ecib — - c©3epu,aHae 
CB060AU (asTOHOMHO Haii AaHHoro); b co3epiiaHHH BAeaaoro uapa npeAMeT 
Ha6jiK>AeHHH hbbih cosa&h; a 3to — HAea; co3epn,aHae co3AaHaa Hainero 6yAHT 
B hbc nepeatHBaHae cbo6oai>i; ero Beaaji TeTe; k BcpmaHaM xe noAo6Horo 

C03Cpi)aHBH He HOAbHiajICH OH. 

H cnpomy y HHTaTeju: rAe — "oKKy jibtb3m"? H b ieii — "cMyi- 
h o c t i"? H Ha neM ocHOBaHO BocKJnmaHBe: "H to c k a 3 a t b o latoi 
aecJibixaHHoa n y t a h a u. e?" Ecjih "ciiyiHocii" B03HHKJia, to cabh- 
CTaeHHO y aBTopa b rojiose — or HesHaHHH TeopeTBKo-no3HaBaTejii.Hi.ix b3tjlh- 
AOB A-pa IIlTeHHepa. 

PaatiCHCHie aBiopa: Fa3ncaeflie npiBCAeaEO- 

nTTT „ ro xoia Hucjii b ivxe ico- 

TOieaHep flaate He noAoapesaeT, «rro " " ' 

ksk pa3 corjiacae Tere c KaHTOii no r " r r 

Boapocy o npo6jKKaTH3iie npapoAbi, IIoHJrnieM no3HaBaTejn.Hoa AaHHOcra 

06 OTBepaceHBH KOHenHbix npanaH A-p IffreHHep npeAonpeAejiaeT canoe 

h o nocTyjiaTe "HpaBCTseHHoro Mapo- noHKTbe 06-beKTa, Kax npoAyKTa no- 

nopaAxa" KpoeTca He b 6jiaronpao6- 3naHaa; pacnaAeHae Ha cy6teKT 

peranum KaHTaaHCTse, a bo Bpoat- a o6i,eKT — yxe no3HasaTeju.Hi.iB 

AeHHOM, a6o bchkbb noAJiauHbia no- aKT; aHajias uohhtbh no3HaBaHBH 

3T, KaK H BCBKHH HOAJIBHHblB AO 3TOTO aKTa; HOHHTHe H03HBBa- 

MMCJIHTejIb, B OTJIHHHe OT MHCTHHeC- HBH BHe-Cy5ieKTHO H BHe-o6l>eKT- 

kbx Bce3HaeK a... sanapao-OKKyjibTa- ■. ho; b paAe oG-beKTOB no3HaHHH Haxo- 

216 



otob He iioaceT He npasHaTb Bcero 

sroro"*. 

npeAnoctiJixoio ctoio iiecTa hbjih- 

mtch yTBepameHHa: "JIioah poaxTcx 

CO CKJIOHHOCTMO K MOHH3My, flyaJIH- 

any, njnopajiH3My, AeHauy. OrciOAa 
opraHBiecKaH Hecnoco6Hocn> IUreii- 
Hepa ycaoHTb ce5e Kama h nonm 
njnmuan pocta, 6opb6bi b paaairrHH 
r«e"**. 



AHTca h mp,eu xax npoAyKTbi noana- 
hhh; Ha6jnofleHHe isatimoTO tiapa 

— MoaceT 6birb snojiHe 06-bexTHBHo: 
no3HaHHe oSteKTa, Kan npoayxxa no- 

SHaHHJI A0JI3KHO H6 ClieiHHBaTb C nO- 

3HaHHeii nyBCTBeHHO AauHbix o6mk- 
tob; no3Hajuie o&beirra, xax npo/iyKTa 
nosHaHHH, coBepmeHHee noajiaBwa, 
reTeporeHHO no3HaHnx> Aauubix 061- 
eKTOB (nyBCTBeHHoro iiaTepxajia); 
nepBoe noaaamie npeflonpeaeJiaeT 
Kropoe; h — coBepmeHHee o&bflCHseT 
Bxopoe; nepsaa o6jiacn> nosuaaaa 
ecTb no3HaBHe coGctbchho; b o6jiacn> 
noaaaHHH HyBCTBeaHO Aannbix ooiex- 
tob oho nepeHOCirr sejieHiie, hto6u 
nosHaHHe npn noitonni HajioaceHHa Ha 
HysCTBeHHOCTb KaTeropoa paccyflxa 
onpeaejiHJioci. h npeflonpeflejiHJioci. 
no3HaHHen npOHHivuoiinni: no3B8HHe 
agea npoHHiiaer baoo, KaK npoAyKT 
CBoero coaHAaHHs; aneo, no3Hanne 

— roHoreimo. 

B caeTe A&HHOB TeopemnecKOB cnpasxH "oKKyjibTHHecKH-cjiyi- 
■ oe" Mecio y fl-pa niieibfepa npoxcHxeTCH b toji eaHHCTBeHHOii ciibicjie, mio 
OOiepqiRie up, en ecu noiHaHie npeanociajiajomHH iki. 

3a BSJioateHHtiM Bbnne xon.011 ubicjiH A-pa IEtreiiHepa ctoht ero coHBHeuofl. 

1) "Grundlinien einer Erkenntnistheorie der Goedteschen 
Weltanschauung". 

2) HcTHna b Hayxa. 

3) "Goethes Werke. Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften" (ciani 
h npHMenaHBa x TexcTy). 

4) "Philosophic der Freiheit". 

nepBbix Tpex coiHHeHaxx yBaacaeiibiH aBTop mojihht; o leTsepTOM oh 
•■jnuuer: "y DlTeiiHepa ecu, x h h r a, Hocantai c ji e a bi h y a h bi x 
ItKBii MwcjiH a u en e p eBa p eHB oh h a hbt a hh octb mojio- 
A r o qejioBCKa, coBepmeHHO jnuneHHoro kbk dnuiocod>cxoro, Tax b june- 
paTypHoro aapoBamM"***. 

d>HJIOCod)CK0H U03BUBB, TeCHO CBH3aHHOH C KHHrOH O TeTe, He OTSblBaiOT- 

M Tax: ee pa36HpaiOT. 

fl npHseJi: ooraHeHae, apryMeHTaunio, BbiBOA — oahoto KpBBOTOJiKa; 
^ tquuen xoa Mbicjien b o6BHHaeMOu Mecre. Tne, cnpoiny a, ryr ciiyTHOCTb? 



*PoI\ 79. 
•• Por. B9. 

•••Por. so. 



217 



B aBTopcKOH rojioae. 3to hjiqa HCBHHMaKHH K tohkoh HAeBHOH CTpyKType: 
"cMecas" BeBBHiiaBHe c (pmcipieH, asTop aanaji Ha CTpyKTypy. Tax Hanaaaw oh 
Ha lacTHOCTH BiieBJieMoa pyGpsra; TaK xe oh HanagaeT h Ha jno6yjo H3 pySpmc. 
06BHHeHne, npHseaeHHoe mhoh, cpaxaer 6e3 npoiiaxa... A njm>coT Tpn- 
AiiaTi. flpymx — toto xe xapairrepa. TaK cpaxaeTCa aarop: h rex oh 
— "cpisaeici". Ho H "c p a x c H H ii ft", oh He naaaeT gyxoii. 



§ 122. ClMUMHMfl 

TpH cnopabix nyHKTa: — 

— 1) CMemeuue uaTepnajiH3Ma c Tpaac- 

ueHAeHTajmsMoii, 

— 2) pa3flejieHne KaHTa h TeTe, 

— 3) HecnocoGHOcn. TeTe oGpainaTi. B3op 

BOBHyTpt, — 

paCCMOTpeHbl MHOH) 

hoapo6ho; 

oopamaiocb x najiuieHiiieiiy nJiasaHHio no 3 a t o p a m r jiaBbi "<X> u ji o - 
co<pcKaa aoaii(ia reteaieiia": — 

— JJ-p IIlTeBHep nofl«jepKHBae-r: 
pasiHnie Ha uaaa a ontrr 6wjio <rywflo co3uaiuuo Tere; ysaxaeMbm asiop 
ntnaei pa3jnraie iiexay paswrraeM 3thm b OTHOineHica HCKyccTBa a xh3hh 
■ b oTHomeHBoi <pHJioco(pHH HJiH Haymi. JJ-p IIlTeHuep He nomiMaeT h cueimi- 
Baer, mraejiapyfl Bee: "see cocyaw y Hero paBHO cxyneaiiBu 

H COACpXMMOe B BIX OflHOTO u toto xe... laiesBoro 1|BC- 

t a"*. reHHajibHyio HaxBHOcra "npiipoflOB033pHTejui" TeTe SjiaioyxaHHOcm oh 
jumaer. TeTe — to cnjieTaeT hack) h oiii.it ■ nenaxHno npHHHiaaer HAeio sa 
om>rr, to BnocjieACTBHH "k a h t h a h c k b" rjiacHT, hto b ontrre He OTo6pa3niia 
Hoes; h Aaxe snaAaeT — b nJiaTOHHiecKHH nepecoji. Moxho nyTeji napoHirroro 
conocTaBJieHHH innaT xaHTHaHwmpoBaTfc TeTe (hto aBTOp h AeJiaeT), h o6paT- 
ho: reTe3HpoBaTB KaHTa (wo onaTi.-TaKH gejiaeT asTop); Tepnan "n p b p o a a" 
MHorosHaieH y Kama; ABe tohkh 3peHHA Ha npnpoay AonyweHfci KaHTOM. 
3Aecb ocTaHOBHuca. 



§ 123. Mfl»n y r«T« 

IlflTibAecjiT mectai cipiHBiia. 
Texci oGbiecbii: — 

— npHBOAHTCH yraepxAeHHe — A-pa 
DlTeHHepa: r e t e iyxno paimie iflei h onuia, aBTop npjraeTCH 
3a HHTaTy H3 TeTej "K o r a a xyfloxsiii roiopn o n p h p o a e, ohh 

• Por. 56. 

218 



noApa3yuesaioT ha era". HipeneHae ua3biBaeTCH KauTHancKaii, no an- 
pecy a-pa UlTeHHepa aamiJueTCji: "M tic jib... npapoAO-B033paTejia 
reie IQTeBBep... npeBpainaeT b... Aypnyio ganBuocii... aati- 

ipiTHUHCIB". 

TaK A-p EUTeHHep xapaKTepH3yeT IIjiaTOHa: 

"CoBepmeBHO ApyiHiii r ji a 3 a 11 a r ji h a e ji II ji a t o b, iev 
Apyrae, — Ha paaiEiie iieixy AyxoBBtiii h lyBCiBCBEUM.., 
B KaxAoii oBieKie HyBCiBeaHO AaHHoro mpa oh bhacji 
AyxoiHOciL. Tax h h a a o doriii 3 a e c b npiBOfliiioe b bi p a - 
xeHie r eie "Ay xobh o- t e jie ch o"*. 

Tax A-p UlTeHHep xapaKTepH3yeT a TeTe: "TaxoB o6paa B033pe- 
hhh reie... Oh xapaxiepnayeii cjiobsmh: b ocuoBaon iyB- 
CTBeHHOro MHOioo6pa3Hx b e m e a, nocKOJiixy ohi o a h o p o a - 
hm, jieacHT AyxoBHan c y in, h o c t 1."** ...HaKOHea, roBopHT 06 HAee: 
"Mu tjihahm Ha HAeio... eio onpe Ae jieHHoe... b hcx canoi 
ecTt... Ochob aHae 6bithh bsohijio k hch h b Hee a 3 jih ji ocb... 
Mm eio HHrAe He HaxoflBii"*" reie nyKflo paatme ijiei 
a onuia — 3to yTBep«AeHae A-pa UlTeHHepa corjiaCHo: c IIjiaTOHOM h TeTe. 

Ho, no A-py nheaHepy, Map HBJieHxra He tojako orpaxaeT HAeio (IIjiaTOH), 
ho h — HAeeio CTpoBTca (Fere); iieHee Bceio oh ot BAea oTpe3aH (Koht). 

06 aaee y TeTe A-p UlTeHHep othctjihbo roBopaT: — 

— "B tom Kope- 
hhtch BCHKoe o6i.HCHeHHe npipoflu, H T o 
b r ji y 6 a h bi h a m a ixoaii Biopoi mp, nip 
iflei""". 

— 'Teie CTporo 

CTOHT Ha TOI T O H K e 3 p e H H H, HTO IflCl JieXIT 

B caiioa Be ma*****". 

— "Hoa "nejioa 
n p h p o a o w", paayiieeici, mucjibtci b o b c e He 
cyitiia OTAeJibHbix npnpoAHbix Beiqea, ho... 
iflei nocJieAHefi******". 

B 3toh ciibicjie a noHHiiaeiibi cjiOBa TeTe: "K o r a a xyAonixi 
roaopHT o npipone, oai n o Ap a 3y m e b a H) t nflem"*"*"**. 

06'bHCHenHe — He oGmcHemie KaHTnaHCKoe, seA* bach y KaHTa hocht 
peryjLHTHBHbia xapaKTep; 6yflyHH cymecTBaira HAeajubHoro, BHe nyBCTB TCKy- 
mero uapa, cipoa Hac, HAea b Hac crpoirrcH a bocctbiot HHAHBHAyaJibHO, 
OOBepmeHHO KomepexHo; ax — "iiohct ji a hi b tot h a a t h", — npaGasjno 



*CNS. IV Band, E. A. Geschichte der Farbenlehre, 91. 
** GNS. in Band, VI; Goethe, Newton und die Physiker, XXVH. 
••• GNS. II Band, XXXIII— XXXIV. 
"••GNS. IV Band, E. A. Geschichte der Farbenlehre, 89. 
•••••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 95. 

•••••• GNS. m Band, Vorwort zur Farbenlehre. 77. 

Pol\ 55. 



219 



a: "b CBoeii flyxe", — "kto iiokct hx b ocnp oubccth... H aajiee: 
"Tax in BOcnpoiiBCACHie a a e b Bocciaei a BiiABBBAyyMe, 
to igea mieni iojiiko iBAHBiayiJitHUB xapaKiep"*. 

Tbk roBopaT A-p UlTefaep. 

Ha SToro BOBce He cjieAyeT nojiaraTb, hto cy6-beKTHBHBi Hflen; ohb — o6t>- 

eKTBBHbl. Cy6l.eKTHBHOCTb BACH BCTaeT jm6o B lyBCTBeHUOM BOCnpHHTHH 

BAeajUiBoro, jih6o b paccyAOHHoa KaTeropaa; cyGieitTHBHOCTb — paccy,ao<ma, 
BHABBBAyaJibHOCTb — paayuHa; cy6i»eKTHBHbie HAeajiHCTbi paccyjjOHHO on- 
peflejijDOT Bfleio; o&beKTHBHbie peajincTW cy6i,eKTBBHo peajmsyiOT imp aajie- 
hbh. "PeajincTw ae noamaioi, mo o6icKmBBoe ecu, h a e ja; 
HARaJiHCTbi ace, hto — o6teKTHBHa B«eji". "H a e b h o e COflep- 
iiaie mpi nocipoeuo caiio 13 c e 6 a, caiio b c e 6 e 3 a m k h y - 
t o... iibiin jieHH e... t o JibKO b ocn pH bhm a e t ero"". 

Ha«B B OTHOineHHH K impy HBJieHBB KOHCTHTyTHBHa: "B H a e e lib! 

no3Bieu.,. npiauin ieii|i". "B ce, iio b M«pe He HenocpeACT- 
seHBO Haii iBjiiei bacw, ono3HaeTca b xoiienHOM, kii BHiexa- 
loiqee H3 Hee". 

"H h r a k a a gim tp p m a GbiTHHCTaeiiHocTH yaoBJieiBO- 
p b t b h a c He noiei, k p o 11 e 101, xoiopai coTBopieics; h 3 
a a e a". 

"H to tpajiococpbi 3 o b y t aGcoJiMTOM, seiBoi 6hihhctbch- 

HOCTbW B HBpOBOK) OCHOBOK)... 3TO M bl H a 3 bl B a e it... B A e e a"***. 

Tbk roBopBT A-p IQTeHHep. 

Hacb TBopiecKH npeAonpeaeJiHeT 6bnnHCTBeHHOCTb Hainy; iu>i ace b 6bi- 
THBCTBeHHOCTH BOcnpaaaaiaeM ee; no OTHOineHino Hac oScTaioiqero uapa Mbi 
BrpaeM Ty pojib, Kanyio b OTHOineaBB k Haii arpaeT BAea: Mbi npeAOnpe/jejifleii 
see BHe-Jieacain.ee; Mbi coTBopaeii ero, bhoch b aero HAeajibHoe; h b 3tom 
uibicjie aame SH&Hbe o nape BOicpyr Hac — hocht TBopHecKa-HHflHBHAyajibHbra 
xapaRTep; KOHCTBTyapyH imp BAeajtbHO, vu BoenpHHBMaeu KOHerpyKuiao 
b OTSJieneHHOM no3HaHBB aanjeii, kbk oipaaceHae HeoTBJieneHHbix co3AaHaa 

C03ABHHB AeaCTBBTeJTbHOCTB. 

H Tyr-TO bot n BocnpoB3BeAeBHe BAea Bocciaei b a h a a b a - 
Ayyae... BAea aiieKi iojiiko BHAHBBAyajibHbia xapaK- 
Tep"****. 

3to 3hb«iht: b TeopeTBHecKOB aocTpaKuaa Hainea cy6i>eKT no3Hamifl koh- 
CTBryapyeT nosHaaaTejibHbiH aap; b HAeaJEbHoa KOHKpeTHOCTH 3to 3HaiHT: 
BAea eCTb BHABBHAyyu; b BAee — Bflea "a"; b Mape ace nepsoM, aScTpaKTHOM, 
BAea — KOHCTpyKinia Hama; onpeAejieHae — Ha6jnoAeHBe a onacaHae kohct- 
pyKinia. OnpeaeJieHae noaTOiiy ecTb B03BeAeirae npa noMOina OTBJieneuHbix 

HOHBTBB HBJieHBH K HAee B IipOU.eCCe C03AaHHH MblCJIH. 



• GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 386. 
••CNS. II Band, XXVI. 
••• GNS. n Band. Die Idee. Piinzip der Dinge, XXV. 
•••• GNS. IV Band. Z. A. 386. 

220 



— "O npeAejieaBe W o at e t 6i>iti> a a n o inepBue t o r a a, 
xoiffi uu ipeAuei MHorocTopoHHe HayHMM. Ha«o cnepBa 
paccM iipimi oiACJiiaue ciopoHbi... ^aJIee... Baao Bee 
Bievai JieHHH 01 npefliieia cauoiiy xoBCTpyipoBBii... On- 
pe^ejieHHe npasHJitHO jiBinb... b stoh KOHCTpyKium. Ero tiecTo 
— b KOHiie... paccuoTpeBBH o 6 1 e k t a"* . 

"H H B K a K O M IBOII OTHOlneHHH He CTOflT OBI 

(Hayxii) K BOcgpiiTin, ia( iojiiko b oahom: b oSiexiax 
caiioro aocnpiBTii obi bhabt oco6yw (popiiy bobbtbb"". 

— "Mti rjiHAHM Ha afleio... em onp e «e jiemi oe....s uefi 
can ofi ecu... OcaoBauie 6mthb B30injio k eci h b Hen 
iijiiJiock.,Mu ero Bir^e He aaxoflBii"*". 

— "Hcthhb He np e a cTaB ji neT... ifleajiiuoro oipa- 
lem nero-TO peaJifcH oro, ho ecu. csofioflHOt nopoxAe- 

■ ■e teJioieiecKOto ayxa, BopoKAtBie, KOToporo bo 06 me 
Be cymecTBoaajio 6m HHrae, ecjiia 6bi vh cami ero He npo- 

■ aBOHHJIH"****. 

— "3 a A a H e H noiBasia He BBnaeica noBTopemie 

■ <|> o p it e noHHTHH nero-TO, yae Hiie Kmn, erocfl b a p y r o ji u e c - 
te, ho coaflaaie cosepineHHo hoboh 06 ji a cth"*****. 

HAeaJixaif 3Aeci — KOHCTpyKnnoHHaif (ho He no PHKKepTy BOBce). 



§ 124. Paa-MTue Ha Mfleio m onwT 



BiiecTe c reHpxxoii PHKKepTOM hot 6m CKa3aTb A-p lUTeHHep: 
KOHCTHTyTHBHMe tpopiiM no3HaHHB jioraiecitH nepBee mctoaob (<popn pac- 
oyoo'oiMX, Hay^HMX hohbthh) 14 ; h BiiecTe c Teie ao6aBmi>: KOHCTHTyrnBHtie 
4»op*CM no3HaHHa OAHoapeueuHO cyn. coAepwaHHa; ohh cTpoa-r mctoa h to, <no 
BtncpMTo mctoaoji: coAepacBHiie MeToaa. B ctom cmmcjic npHHimaeT oh H3pene- 
axe TeTe: "Bm email 6mjio 6m: iobihbii, ito ipaiT — yate 
Octb TeopHH... He Bysao acxan nofl ipeBoueaaiii; ohh caiia 
— yHeHHe". 

B 3tom ciiMCJie cjieflyeT npimiuiaTb iwpeHeHHe TeTe: "K o r a a x y fl o at - 
■ bib roaopji o n p h p o a e, ohh noflpaayiieBaiOT h A e w". 

HapeieHHe He KaimiaHCKoe, a hmchho: reTeaacKoe: b HBJieBuie aaca. HAea 
BOJiOBceHa; OHa b "jyxoBao-iejiecao 11"; h ohb — co/iepacaTejibBa. 

H b ji e h b a npiipoflbi — camajq ho ciibbjiob h a m uajio, 
Mm cjii> nepexOAHT 3a A a h H o e, h — yHHBepcyii pacnaAaeTCa: b 3 - 
Iixaci — "ff", M h p, pa3jiHHne BLipaciaei c coiaaBaex. 



•GNS. VI Band. E. A. 202. 
**GEGW. Denken und Wahrnehmung. 
*»»GNS. D Band, XXXII— XXXTV. 
"••HhH. 9. 
HbH. Ibid. 



221 



Tax roBopHT A-p OTreiiHep. 

IIo3iii(iifl A-pa DlTefiHepa cipoirrcH Ha aB8JDi3e CMbicjia "pasurnix": 
b KaRoif ciobicjie iflei m on bit — pa3tHTHe, b xaKoif ciiucjie 

— cahhctbo? Tax ctoht y A-pa IIIreHHepa stot cjioauii.ni aonpoc. 
Bonpoc nocTaBJien xpiniecXE; aonpoc dwunieif MeTHepoM He pa3o6paH; 
no3Xinu A-pa IffreHHepa — ot HnraTejia cnparaRa; Ha xaxoM ace 
oh ocHoaaHHH yTBepamaeT: — 

— "Miicjit... npapoflOBOsspHTeJiH TeTe 
IDTeHHep npenpaiqaeT b... aypayw HaiBBOCii... auTHKpn- 

THH,HCTa"*. 

HAeaJiH3ii, xax nu saaejat, MHoroxpacoHHO HKiaHcnpyer A-p DlreHHep; Bee 
HioaHCbi y asTopa cTeprai: "K a h t o - T e t e", "II ji a t o h o - K o r e h o... Kpa- 
Txnaaii 3aTynJieH b "n p o 6 ji e m y" a 3ain.emieH iieTacpH3HKOH: — 

— "jieTatpH- 
3HKO-KpHTHKO-npo6jieMaTHKo" naiuaeT y asTopa Bcway; h b "h e m" 
coBuemaioTca: TeTe, TejiufroJibii, JD(K>6ya-PeibioH, KaHT h... Jlaare. 

n Q> juiococpHa JI a h r e — He i t o isoe, xax icpeiefleHBUi 
Ha hsbix noHiTii p a c c x a 3... npo... M 10 h x r a y 3 e h a, 3 a bojiocm 
xpenxo caiioro ce6n Aepacauiero b ao3Ayxe"**. 

Tax roBopHT A-p ntreibiep. 

<I>HJioco(pHH, xpenxo Acpvamax b Bosayxe ce6x canoe, xpenxo b B03«yxe 
AepiKBT (pHJiococpwo aBTopa: c 3Toro "xpenxoro" nyHKTa cpajiococpM 3Ta 
rjiacHT, hto coAepacaaHe tpHJiocotpcxHX cocyAOB y A-pa UlTeHHepa "o a h o r o 
a Toro see... xaacEEOio qaeTa***. B OTTeHeHHH cosHaHueM npipoAu 
b "a" — npoSjieiia AyajrbHocTH; 0TCH>Aa — KOHCTpyKmm: "o 6 1, e x t" 
h "c y 6 * e x t", "a b ji e h h e" — "mucji i", "m a t e p h h" — "a y x"; 3to 

— rauepTpotpint; MOHH3M pasBBBaeTCH b oaho6okocth: MaTepHajm3ii, cnapHTy- 
ajm3ii; hjih we nojiaraeT cboh "m o h o c" b npocTeHunie cy6cTaim,HH iiapa. 06a 
B3rJiSAa Ha imp yAOBJieTBopHT* Hac He iioiyT. 

Tax roBopHT A-p IHreHHep. 

H mhmoxoaom 3ajieiy : A-p IttreHHep y asTopa p a 3 6 o p a B033peunn 

HBJIBeTCH HaHBHbOI MOHHCTOM B nOTpXCaJOineil pXAe CTpaHHII. 

H onflTb-Taxn Bnpaae enpoenn.: xoro pa36apaeT aau aBTOp? 



§ 125. Khht, nnaTOH, TeTe: mhi4ha«ht c K. OopjieHgepoM 

IIjiaBaHHe no nepBofi rJiaBe 3aCTOnopnjioci» rpaHAB03Hi>iM 3aTO- 
poii: "IIjiaTOH — TeTe — KaHT, bach, iBJieHie", 06cTOBTejn>Ho 
pa3o6pas 3tot nyHKT, a ocboSoahjich ot 6peneHH — pasSnpaTb VIE rjiaay 
"P a 3 m win ji e h a S o fei e". Ohb — pa3o6paHa mhow; OHa HasbiBaeTCn: 



• Pol". 56. 

•• PhF. 27. 

•*• Por. 56. 



222 



T e t e, II ji a t o h, Kan". Hto6m HBTaxejib irae sepnji, a orpaHHHyct afleci. 
BHyrpH ijubbi nepaoH, KopoTKBM npoSeroii, no ywe pa3o6paHHbui nyHKTaii: 
MaJioaceHHeu ux. 

Tete, II ji a t o h, Kaai". 

Poa nponacTH iieamy KaHTOit b TeTe, fl-p UTreihiep HeocTopoatHo npnso- 
OBT mhchhh KaHTaaHues, HameAinax o6paa TeTeBOB mbicjih anajiorHtmbiM 
KaHTOBy, a coBepmeHao aanyTbniaeTCH b KOMMeirrapaH TeTeBOB aaiaerKH 06 
OTHomeHHH cy6teKTa x o&beKxy (KaK aanyxbiBaexcfl, He yxaaaHO aBTopoii); 
•BTop aaif o&bHBJweT: Ha3bisaH bacio, no Kaaiy, iu>i roBopnii ontw, amorce no 
OTBomeKHH) k o6teKTy, b mbjio — no OTHomeHHio k cy6i>eKTy; — cxaaceai: 
onpefleJieHHe b TepxaHax "'cy6ies t" b "ofiiexi" b OTHOineHaa k n03uasa- 
hbk>, no A-py UlTeSHepy, ecTb paccyflOMHtra Aori<aTH3M : "c y 6 1. e k t" 
I "oGieKi" 3flecb npoAyxTM nosuaima b o6beKTbi ero, cy6i.eKT nosHaHHH 
KaHTa ecTt /joniaT: b ero yTBepacAenBH KaHT "nepea co6ctbchho t e - 
peTHKO- no3Biiate jii.hje.ih aonpoc n epenpumy a", anea, KaK 
nmHBoCTfe paccyflKa, ciiemaaa bm c BHepaccyAonuoa cipepoa aAea b onpeflejie- 
hbb ee, kbk "dohiihji pasyua"; o6jiacTb paayMa BHe-noiurrBHHa. KaHT 
paccyaoHHO coenBHHJi flae ccpepbi: paccyAKa h pasysia. OTCtiJiaio aAecb 
X npefl-npeAbiAymefi rjiase, b ee cswe hohhths, hto FeTeBCKaa "njiato- 
H b 3 m" ajih A-pa IIlTeBBepa He HBJiaeTCH "laniaBiauo 11". YBaacaeMbiH 
aBTOp b ceil HenoHaroH nymcre ynpenaeT A-pa HieaHepa b HenocjieAOBaTejib- 
BOM BbiABBraHBB "n ji a t o h a 3 m o b" b "k a h t h a h a 3 m o b", apryiieHTauaa 
B Tyi — neT. 

JJajiee ysaxaeiibiB aBTop b naxy A-py nTrefiHepy BbiflBiiraeT n ji a t o u h - 
Ibckhc TeTeBbi acpopnaitbi 11 , AOJisceHCTByioinHe A-pa niTefinepa nopa3HTb. 
J^-p nireHHep He nopawaeTca; oh yTBepamaeT: 1) y IIjiaTOHa uen "p a 3 -b - 
1111" Ha unao b onbn (b aBTopcKOM CMbicjie); 2) HeT ero n y TeTe; 3) Tere 
6bui noHHTBTejib IIjiaTOHa. H 3Aecb nOBTOpnio: sonpoc o pa3bHTBH wnen 
B onbrra nocTasJieH "KpaTBtecKa" (b KaKOM CMbicjie "b a e a" a "o n bi t" 

— pa3-bHTHH, b KaKOM — hct); b Bonpoc paccyAOYHO-AorifaTBHecKB npeApeinen 

— 3iiHJineif MeTHepoM. 

J^ajiee aBTop /jejatT ILiaTOHa a ApacTOTejm Ha ocHOBaHHH BKycoBbix 
0y6beKTBBHbix npaHTBB, BHe aHajiasa B033penaH o6oax MbicjHreejiea; c nep- 
c6jiaaaeT oh TeTe", npOTHBonocTaBJlHH ApacTOTejno 17 . ^-p DlTeaHep, 
r/eTe-epHJiocotpa, KOToptrii aiaeer caMOCToaieJibHoe 3HaieHae ajih Hero, 
pTHomeHHe aieacAy ILiaTOHosi, ApHCTOTejieii, TeTe pa36apaeT KpHTBHeciui; 
B yKaabiBaeT: b oahhx nyHKTax ainepecbi b B033penna Tere coanaAajia 
UnaTOHOH, b Apyrax — c ApacTOTejieni; b oahom OTHOineiiHH ApacTOTeju. 
flajieK ot IIjiaTOHa; b Apyrosi — euy 6jib30k. 

ApacTOTeju. y aBTopa ec-n. npeflCjaBBTejib paccyAOHHOCTB, IIjiaTOH ace 

— HAeajMSMa; A-p EUTeaHep noAiepKBaaeT: oina6o<niocTb oGbiniioro socnpa- 
■tbh ApacTOTeJia; xapaKTepaayeT KoincpeTHOCTb ero B033peHaa o CBeTe a 6jib- 
■OCTb k hhm Texe; a — OTuenaeT: 6ojiee iiexoAOJiorHiecKoe pasjiHMBe ueatAy 
CnocoGaiiB TJiHACTb Ha npnpoay ApacTOTejia, IIjiaToiia a TeTe, neacejia Kop- 
BeBoe. AsTop we py6ar c njiena: py6aT oh no acasoMy, ToiiKosiy, AeJiaxaTHOMy 

223 



nymtTy. H, xax aexoro Bhb, 30bct Ha nonaiory <X>opjieHAepa; amisoA HHTepeceii: 
n Ha Hen ocraHaBJimaiocb. Kapji <DopjieuAep OTKptmaeT 242-to ciparaiiy, 

nOKHHyjMEOi yHHBepCHTCTCKHX ApySeat: H3 OTBepCTIU MM OTKpfclTOH cnpaHiatbi 

bjukhb Han: yronoieK Jlnxe* 1 *; buahtch: rereaiieH Maxc Bymrr ("b cboch 
tojikio no b bi m e a m e if ... KoiMeHTapn"", iieiTaxunHH 06 Apa- 
ccoiene, HaTopn ("ApHdOTejib hbjihct c 6 k> npoiiBononoa- 
hocti> IIjiaTOHy nM ) ■ MejuieHAop4>, HasbisaiomM Tere "apotaKoii 

B n JiaTOHOBCKOM cmwc Jie"* 1 . 

Kapji <I>opjieBAep", He apHcroTejmaHeii. a Be aponiK, a — KaHTHaaeu., 
aaKpuBaer crpaHHuy h ccTyrr Ha A-pa IHreHHepa: — 

— "Oh ccwjiaeTCH 
Ha oabo iiccto Kpimi Hhctoto Paayaa", — 

— "h sareif 
npoTeciycT", — 

— "oh coBepmeaHO n p a b, yxa3usaa: Ha npoTHBOpenHa 
DXieiaBepa, ^iHiaiipyioiiiero 06 oco6cbho8 nponacTH, ioio- 
pai 6yflTO 6m" h i. «. 

— "IIoAoSHaH cjienoia, npoHBJieHBaa ILTieHHepoii, 
o6tiCHBiia JiHmb npapoflBoi eio HecnocofiEOCiin noiya- 
ciioiaiii neHTpaJifcHUH Heps TpaH cueHAeHTa jmaua" ht. a-*- 

yBaaweauuH aurxop nocenrrejieii HpeaBbraaaao AOBOJiea: npexpacHua 

Bgpyr, crpaHHqeio AaJiee, npo<peccop <DopjieHAep nonaaaeT BnpocaK; b He- 
roAOBaaHH aarop: — 

— "Bot noAo6Hbie HeonnaBEue buboau ho- 
CTonOHTeHBbix yienux cnocofiau npiaecu notAa b ot- 
laiuie! Bflpyr bch ciporodb 11 m m ji e h h a... noxeiiy-io no- 
xiiaei «i" M . 

Hto we caejiaji yneHbrii? 

BunycTHJi 6e3o6pa3Hi>iH KJiy6oK cjia6ooiep«ieHHbix 
MMCJiei — h KJiy6oK, aanuJieHHui... non yjiapHbiun npefl- 
paccyAKaiiH: "M bi, ciopoHBie Ha6jiK>AaTejin, ctohm n e p e a 
apejiHiqeM 6e3o6pa3Horo KJiy6xa cjiaGooHepieHHbix no- 
Eini.. aanbiJieHHbix nony jiipiuai npegpaccyAK aim, 
— KJiy6xa, npcAJiaraeaoro Han b Kaieciae aayMHOio bm- 
BO«a"***. 

Kax 6bi hh 6buio: "3 p e ji h m e"; hjdi npocpeccop QopjieHAep 
BMecTO homoihh avropy — y axropa b xonHaTe BbmycTHJi: KJiyGoK HeoTieTjni- 
Bbix MbiCJiei. 

3a TaaoBi 6e3o6pa3HbiH nocrynoK H3niajiCH noiTeHHbrii yneBbiS. 

y Kapju ttopjieHgcpa CJiaGo ccepneHa Mbicrn>: BiiecTO Hay«moro BbntOAa 
npenoAHOcarr <I>opjieBAep xjiy6iui nbuixsx h cjia6ooHep«ieHHiix uucJieH. 



• Pol". 245. - 
••Pol\ 248— 249. 
•••Por. 249. 



224 



3to cbohctbo Kapjia <Dopjieaflepa fl-p fflieHHep otmbtbji — ABafluaTBJieTH- 
•M paaee. Bee-Tana fl-p fflreBBep no aapecy noHTeaaoro xanrBaaita BbipaacaeT- 
M cnepxaHBea: — 

— "K to o6jiaaaei cnoco6uocii>io Tax n p e b p a t - 

■ o npoHHTWBaxi.OTpi.iBOK ii iCKCTa... Toiiy cnepua iia- 
xeiiT... HiyiETici... iTCBin ieKcia n 01 coieia Bos/jep- 
■■itTkcr, BbmcKif b aTb k h t a t bi 13 TeTe... c on OCTaB JIHTB 

■ CTopHiecKH, 3to mokct J110601; ay uaii, xe b fl y x e r e t e He 
moxct fl>op JiCHflep"*. 

— TocnoflBB K. (Dopjieaflep npaaafljieacBT 
K t o 11 y p o a y ji 10 fl e n, xoTopue cbob iihchii n p b 3 a a h> t 3 a 
i6cojiiotho np»BHJiiHwe"**. 

Tax roBopxr fl-p DlTeBHep; corjiacae c aBTopoii; Mo6njni3aaiui Kapjia 
ttopjieHflepa, npaafly cxaaan, Heyflaina. 

f 126. EMonorMMecKMt) 6iiohamh 

AsTop noKOHiaji c <J>opjieHflepoii: aecaocea CDopjienflep. H npn- 
amaetcx oh — 3a TeTe; xapaxTepasyeT bosmoxchocth "hhbix xpbtbub3hob" 
(sto mbok) pa3o6paBo), xapaxTepB3yeT no3opHoe*noBefl«HBe "3flpaBoro" cmbic- 
Jia b ymepS cifMonaii "xpaTBiecxoMy" b "xaBoiiy": "U,eHtpocipeiiH- 

TejIbHOCTb K... Cep eflHHH OCTH, X n O Jib 3HT e JlbHOB KOCBOCTB, 

paSeraaae... pasflaoeaBB, 101 110 xpoeici 3a am... cmbic- 



n o 3 t, k k y Jl t ■ 



Jioif, kto 6bi bi noflbiMajica b ero niqiTy 1 
iict, xbiibx"****... 
Ktootot "xto 6m"? 
fj-p IHTeBBep b — Tere: — 

— "Y TeTe... y 3xo6BojioTBHecxBB... 
■ ApaBMB cmucji xoicji nposecTH cboki jihhhio"... B "npn- 
•poflo- coo6p a3HOM" iieioae Mbicjn. Tent "laimajia 6ecnoxoBao 
topno3BTb sflpasbiH CHiicji"""*... "Hcxoifla TOT xe... 
OBUCJi scnjibiji... b Haquie... Hanpaiin nbiJixyio Mbicjib... 
npoTBB KaHTa, a Haseiu sioro CMbicjia npiaejia x t a k o 11 y 
. c fl b h r y b co3saaBB H h mn e oouiiid SnojioriiecKHX 
,■ 3TI1CCKIX, 110 CBepx-ne jioseK noaeiiaory oxasajica... 
UpoToGecTRca, b oSpase... npemciHieJuaoro Sjioafli 



»•••••• 



I'* 
1 ■' Hainne* 



- to ecn. - 



OTBopnaB Ha <I>opjieHflepa, oh BopHHT... aa Ttje 



•GNS. IVBand. Z. A. 343. 
•• HuG. 50. 
*** Octmjimo aa coaecTH asropa sto sepyccKoe "b ero aanorry" auecTO "na ero 

iMBgHTy". 

••••PoI\ 252. 

"•••Por. 253. 

Por. 254. 



Asnpea Bejiut. Pynojni(i HTnaBep 



225 



ConocTaBBBimi BJnuHHe aapaBoro raibicjia c opynui yTBepacAescaeii aBTopa 
o "hbhbhoctb" npHpoAOB033pmejLB TeTe c yTBepsKAeaaeii, ito Teie npi- 
pofloio 6 tiji o 6 a e ji e h iHoceojioranecKiH a a p o u"*, conocTaBBB- 
gn c yTBepacfleHHeM, tio <popMy.ua HsraaHHa TeTe b Tpex cpa3acax ero xh3hb 
ecTi. "IIpoKpycTOBO jio«e"", conocTaBHBmn sto bcc c yTBepacAenaeM 
A-pa HlTeHHepa: "tOBopmi o bjiiihii a p e b h h x h ji h cospeiieB- 
hbix rexe HbicJiHTejien Ha paaiiine TeTesa Ayxa aeBoi- 
m o » b o"**, — icbi BnpaBe BoexjnntHyTb: ajrrop nporxBopemrr ce6e! IIpoTB- 
Bopcmr oh noroiiy, tto — 

— noBBJineTCH Kain h... — TeTe-noaTa cnacaeT... or 
aopaBoro CMbicjia. Ecjth 6 He Kbht, TeTe naji... 6ioprepoii c "co-6ioprepoM"... 
Haonne. "CiCTeHanvecxoe BMemaiejiLCiio" MeTHepa b aejie cna- 
cchhh TeTe npa noMoina KaHia, coeAHseiiHoe c acxaaceHaeM B033peaaB euy 
HeyroAHbix npoTHBHHKOB, 3acTaBJiaeT hbc CKa3aTb cjioaaMH... — 3mhjdu 
MeTHepa: KaimiaHCKHMB HOBtHHqaiui onepapyeT oh TJia3a Tere... Ho no FeTe, 
no BeTxoseHy a no Hsunie — Jiy-nne cuepTb, ueacejia noAODHaa onepainu**: 
"m oaojincTUH... Mme noxox jib Ha 3 arcp pB a a?"***. 

^ajiee "npo6a6HJia3BpyeT" aBTop: ecjm 6bi TeTe b Kaar: — 

— "n p o p a 6 o - 
rajiB... flo 100 jid, to y TeTe npaSasBJiHCb 6m rHoceojioti- 
iccKie uouchtu, y Kaata oHTOJioriHecKie""". 

Moater 6bm> 3to Tax, a — He 3Hajo; 3Haio a, mto cxostaa napajijieju. ecu. 
y... A-pa HlTeBHepa: — othocbtcjuho TeTe a Teienn**. Abtop — 6pocaeTca: 
b c nojiaueBcxoio crporocTbJO b npHHnane BocnpemaeT npeAnojioxceHiui, noao- 
6Hbie 3thh: "Octibib b ctopoae scTeimecxyio 6e3BKycauy 
h ncHxo jioranecKyio lyflOBiniHocik hoao6hux o6pain,aio- 
iqix npeano jioaceHHa"... a t. a. *****. 

Pe«n» HAeT o tom, hto 6mjio 6m, ecjni 6 TeTe 6mji hhctmm (pajioco<poM, 
a rereju. — noaTOM. Meraep 175-b crpaHBifbi aojiuxh noaroiiy o6opsaTb 
MeTHepa cxpaHxuM 260-b; h cxaaaTb — Meraep MeTHepy: "IIoflo6Bue... 
npcAnojioxcBBi (npeAnojioaceHBfl o tom, Men 6m 6buia CTOJienme TeTe 
a Kairr) — 6e3BKycHi(a g lyjoiamHocT *". Boh npoAOJixaiOTca 
— MeTHepa c... MeTHepoM. Ilapajuiejib pa3BHBaeTCH b paccyacACHaa o "k p a • 
b oh" nioceojioTHH Kairra a npaMoa "ohiojioii a" Trie; "n p h m o h" "o h - 

TOJIOTBCt" rOBOpHT O (pBJIOCOCpBB "ipHioto r H o c e O JI o r H c t a", HTO 

"o h a h b k o r a a He npaxoABT k o 6 b e k t y"; MHoroo6pa3HO h nacro A-p 
IHTeBHep BCKpbraaeT, noneMy "h e n p a x o a a t": GjiaiOAapn CMeinemiio o&b- 
exTa no3HaHaa c oSbexTHBHoa AeacTBBTejibHOCTMo; asTop, ne BcxpbiB TeTeBa 
yTsepsKAeHHa, sonpexa eMy "o n e p a p y e t" Tere Kbhtom. 



•Pol". 83. 
••GNS. II Band, IJH. 

••• Por. 140. 

•"•Por. 260. 
Por. 175. 



226 



IIpoxoflHT oahh 3nH30fl. "BejioKypyio 6 e c t h 10" Hnnine ysaacaeMbin 
•■Top Ha3Baji "n p o t o - 6 e c t h e fi" — 3HaeTe noneiiy? IIoToiiy wo oh 
«yMa«ST: — 

— "cBepx-nejioBeK, iioao6ho npoTO-cpeHOMeHy (?!?) He 
nor He 6biTi> npoTHBHUH inpaBony CMticjiy"*. 

"II poTO-cpeHOJieH" — "cBepx-Hejiose k"? MarHirr, Hanpmiep? 
ConocTaBJieHne 3to — npem Bceii TpeM CMiicjian: acHBOMy, "KpHTHHHOiiy", 
■ApaBOMy. CxemeHiie TeTesa nporo-THna c npoTO-fpeHOMenoM, cxaHceii, c iiar- 
uroit, nopo«AaeT — ypoAHme: KaMHeBHflHyw npoT0-6ecTHK>; npespameHHe 
We nocjieflHefi H3 "xaneHHOio 6 o ji b a h a" b "GaoaoriiiecKoro 
6 Jl oh ah Ha" ecri. Ta caiiaji AMJieKTHKa BoenpuBTHH, KOTopaH, 6y«j. ohb 
BposeAeHa b cTpoH OTieTJiHBfcix ubicjiea, sacTaBHJia 6 asTopa... A&pBHHU3upo- 
Hti> FeTe. Ho OTHOCirrejibHO Tere oh BOBpeiM choxbbthjich; h — orapHHyji k... 
H iopoACTBy"("Albemheit" eerb wpoAdBo). "BojiBaH" npespaTHJica 
9 "6 ji oh ah Ha"; h — aBTopa Bhman: aarop — AapBHHH3HpoBaji TeTe. Bot 
■ bcji socman rjiaBa: c Hen a hokohhhji. 



§ 127. TeTS m rereiib , 

KcTaTH yat: 3fleci, BHyTpa "<I>h ji o c o <p ck o ii ho3hh.hh re- 
T • a h c t b a", Jme npnAeTCH KOCHyTi»cn Apyrofi uiasbi aBTopa: 'T e t e h T e - 
r e Ji t". C yAoGcTBOM OHa npoSeiaeiia. 

IlapajuiejiH A-pa jUreHHepa MeaeAy Tert h TerejieM asTop He noHHiiaeT. 

TeTe Hail aaaBJmeT: npeSbmaa Ha Bepnonie SMimpnn, nojiyiaji oh bo'3mo3k- 
lOCIb apeTb HHace-jieacamira MHp ontrra; h nojiynaji oh bo3mojkhocti>: 3arjiH- 
jfrnaTb b MHp TeopHH; ho aepiUHHa sMimpiai — nporo-dpeHOiieH, CTBHcemie 

Krob ontrra, nx hctor h HanaJio; yaCHHH ero, mbi BCTynaeii b iiapcrso Teopnfi; 
ttnb hohhji 3HaneHHe npoTO-cpeHOaieHa hsib (pHJiococpHH npnpoAM noaTa. 
T( ie CTaHOBHTca GjiaroAapa Terejiio echo, tto awnipHHecKoiiy 
■OOJieAOBaTejuo hath cjieA flo npoTo-<peHOiieHa, ito onyoa, flajiee, Be- 
lli nyiL (p h ji oc ocp a". 

H — BtrreKaeT OTCWAa: "0 c h ob ii tie Haiana hucjih tpHJioco- 

IAmh TerejiH cyii. cjicactbhh retesa oSpaaa mbic Jiefi. Ilpe - 

lAOJieime aeacTBHiejitHOCTH, ee yrjiyGjieHHe, BocxoJKAeHne 

ftOTBopeHHK) ot TBapHoro, BoexoatAeHHe o6ycjioBJieHHoro k ycjiOBHW — oah- 

KOBO y TeTe h Ferejiii"**. 

' '' OniomeHHe k (pHJiocodprai c6jih3hjio apxnTeKTOHHRy mbicjih o6ohx; ot- 

le — KaK k atHBOiiy npoiieccy. 06jiacib pa3yiia, — "ctbhobjichh e"; 

■OBJieime — He "hohhthhho"; oho — 3epKaJio MeTaMopcposu HAeft. Ha 

DBBhhh 6jih30cth MeTaMop(po3 — HAeS h noHHTHH — CBH3I. iieaeAy TeTe 

rarejieii ycraHOBmi A-p HlTenHep; npn stom oh homhht: ToBopnib 



•Por. 254. 
•• GNS. II Band, Hegel und Goethe, LXI. 

227 



O BJIIIHII fl p e B H H X B JI B COBpCHCHHUX r e t e liblCJZBTejieB 

Ha piiBiTie Teresa ayxa hcio3vosho b toii CMucjie, kik 
6yflTo 6bi reie cjioxbji cboh BsrjiHflbi Ha ociomai ax 
y h e h h a*. Cbm3l Tereju c TeTe, no aaropy, y a-pa JUTexuepa npoaaaoJibHa; 
h ae hcho eiiy: MeTaMopdpoaa pacreHHB, npeAycTanoBJieiinaa BBAoaaMeHeHneii 
xbbob BAea pacTCHBB (TBBa), BacxBoxb HaeajitHa; to ecu. oHa — npoBBJieHBe 
iieTaMopcpoabi BAea b oahob tojd.ko o6jiacia. Aarop Han roBopaT: "Begi 
y r ere jib... rpaH abo 3Htie cipoeBii cmpnyiJiiCTisecxoi 
ABajieRTHKB, Toraa kbk y TeTe lup aciuot... anue o6p«3u 
HAefi"**... Ho xaaaa CBMaojauea o6pa30B a 3ii6jieMaTBKa muciib, 6yny*ni 
ABaJieKTBKaiiB (tpaHTaaaH a paecyaxa), o6e cyn. npoexnaa xoaxpeTHoro napcr- 
Ba bach — b paaJiBHBue hjiockoctb, noToay vto ane (pajiocoipBB a <p*HTa3BB 
BAeB — c a ii a; (pajiocotpax a fpaHTasaa — OTpaxeaaa ee bcbsbb; fl-p nheS- 
Hep bbabt cMsaBBOCTi. BAea y Terejui ee paccyAOHHbiM noHaaaHBeM m bbabt 
CBH3aHUOCTb TeTe b npBurraa noAOoaa, KaK cauoro BAeaJuaoro rapa; a ace xe 
oh 3Haei: (pBJiocotpBJi b (paHTasaa cyro. paajiHMHbie orpaxeHBa xopHB eAHHoro; 
BAeojiOTBHecKBB xopeab "m ti c ji h t e ji e h" TeTe a Terejui, Kopem., bmb He 
BcxpuTbia, — oabh; a aecnpocTa TeTe cxaaaji 06 OTHOuieHaa cy6iexTa 
x o&beKry y Terejix: "M bi noxsajiHH Tereji a"' 7 ; a Hecnpocra oh b ctom 
xe nyHKie o cpHJiocotpaii KaBTa cicasaji, mo our He npaaoABT K o6i>eKTy; 
a HecnpocTa KOiateHTHposaji Terejifc TeTeBO yneaae o inteTax 1 *, pas6apaji 
SHaHBHOCTb nporo-<peHOiieHa TeTe**; a Hecnpocra Kairr, no abipaxeHHio TeTe, 
ero 3Haxi> Be xoreji. 

Bee 3to Hecnpocra. J^-p nTieaHep Han npeAJiaraei npocTeaniee, acHeainee 
a Biiecre c Teii opBmBaJU»Boe o&bacHeHHe". Aarop Ham, pa3yMeeTC», He 
noHBiiaeT, a Hen cauia Tyr. H — bcxoabt, xax boahtcx, b npe3pBTe.n1.Hbix, 
jierKom.icjieHin.ix xecxax. 

Taxoaa raaaa Teie b Terejib". Tenepi. B03Bpam.aiocb a: x xoiuieH- 
Tapaio xoAa aaropcKKX MbicJiea a ero nepaoi rjiaae: "ftauiocotpcxaa iio3huhji 
reTeaHCTBa". 



§ 128. "llteCTMpMita" 

"Uleciapaija" Hoaaa oSaaHeHBH poxAaeTca 6es6ojie3HeHHo 

B HTHOBeHHO. 

KaHTOB b3tjijia Ha iiexaBBxy nosHaaaTejieH, a He hbhbho peajieu; A-p 
niTeibaep He BCAaeT 3toto; aae xpHTBineiia — "oKKyjiuawe c b ji u"; A-p 
IHieHHep He aeAaeT aioro; paaMbiuuieHaa o AyxoBaocTB He npaMfcittuueiibi 
x ontrry; A-p IttreBHep He aeAaeT SToro; pa3rpaHHieHBB ero "ryiufBJiacTHxoii" 
CTepTbi. JJ,-j> IIlTeBHep paarpaBBHeaaa He aeAaeT; pacxoaaHHO conocraaJieHbi 



•GNS. H Band, LHI. 
•• Pof. 173. 



228 



Mf npnpofla c BCKyccTBOti; npoiiiB KaBTa hm BMABHraeTCH KaHTHaHCxaa 
kmcju.; Kairra He aenaerr «-p nireKHep. Dlecm, "AerHin." aBTopou poxAeHu: 
Otoar ohh h rpoaaTca. 
IIocHOTpHM ate: — 

— 1) 3 - p III t e h h e p n e b e « a e t uexaunuHSua 
"KpHTHHHoro". 

IlyBXT 3TOT MHOH) pa3o6paH! BCACHte MeXaHHHH3M> XpHTHHHOTO 

nOAKpenJieHO hhoio ccMJixaMH Ha iprraTM; Tax roBopmr A-p DItch- 
mp: — 

— "Cbct HMeer onpeAeJieHHOe HanpaBJieHHe. Mm ero moxcii H3o6pa3BTi> 
lyacTBeHHO Ha 6yiiare npH homoibh jihhhh. Ecjih ate mm 6yACM paccMaTpHBaTb 
JOnua, KaK AeScTBBrrejrbHO cyinecTByiomHe, mm noACTaBHM (pHKinno bhccto 
CpopMM HBjieiara"*. 

— "B saMKHyToif cbctobom npocrpaHCTBe moxho... npoTflrHBan. jihhhh, 
<Ro6m Aati. HanpaBJieHHe cseTy, ho cjieAyeT... ycTaHOBimb, hto sto — a6cTpax- 



— "MapaoTT BnaAaeT B onni6Ky MaTeMarareecKHX $h3hkob: jihhhh b npo- 
0#paHCTBe... cnrraeT aa o6paa peajtbHOH oh cy™"***... 

— "Kojie6aHHH 3<pHpa cyri>... tHCTwe oGpadfei (paHTa3HH"****... 

K wrMpeii HHTaTaH, mhoh hphboahmmm, npHcoeAHHHeMM ABeuaAuaTt 
■■m, yxaaaHHMX b CHOCKe; KOJoraecTBO bx mot 6m h yoBOHTb; uor 6m 
— yrpoHTi.. 

— 2) 3 - p III t e h h e p He b e a a e t pa3Aejii>H0CTb leopia 

I1IBII H leopil "OKXyjIkTHHeCKHX CHJl". 

tt. Benaex: — 

— "TeopHH noiiasn uonei 6 m t i> iojiiko a«y- 

■ Oft KpHTH^eCXOft"*****. 

; , ,, — 3) ^ - p m t e h h e p He seflaei iieioniiecioi h e n p h - 

(ajinjiaeMOCTH «"onwTy" — "«yxa": 
BenaeT: — 

— noHjmu "npapofla" h "«yx" — KareropHH; xaTeropn- 
llAhHOCTb aaBHCHT ot MeTOAa; mctoa xe ot npo6jieiii>i, h — rax 
■MMpHT oh: — 

■ — "Yen ex... hcc Jie a ob aHH h... sbbhcht ot ioio, b coctob- 
ilH jih mm nociaaiii npo 6 jie mw". 

— 4)n,-p IQTeHHep He BeaaeT paarpaHHHeHHH. 
Bcabct: — 

— paarpaHHHHBaer: TeopHio aHaHHH, MaTeMaTHky, MexaHHRy; <pH- 
y, MHHepajiOTHio, 6hojioihio, ncHxojionno a t. a- 



• GNS. m Band, 177. 
••GNS. HI Band, 362. 
•••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 316. 
••••GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 12. 
•••••HhH. 42. 



229 



— 5) JJ-p mieiBtp picxoiiBBO conocTBBJiHeT npn- 
pofly c ictycciBOH. 

ConocTaBJieHmo 3xoiiy nocBameH mhob aSaau b "Cbctobob xeopra TeTe". 
Abtop He noEin a xyx. 

— -6) 3 - p HI t e h h e p iflei npoiiB K a h t a c k a h t b a h - 
ckhm opyaaeii. 

Bonpoc yate mhob pasoopaH. 
"IH ecTepaua" pacceajiacb. 



§ 129. flapootyasoMHMa 

HcnapeHBH HOBOro o6bhhciihh o6pa3ywTCH Toxnac ace. 

CiiemaHti fl-poii nixeHHepoii noaaaBamie b tho3hc; asxop ccbuiawca Ha 
CTpaHBuy GW., 6epy ee; b Hefi hct Hraero: oHa nojma oHTaT KaHTa; airop 
ccmiaeiCH Ha BTOpyio, CKpoiiHa* cppaaa 3axep*Ha b Hefi cpe#a... — inrraT 
KaHTa: tto icjiOBeK nepeaumaer b ce6e o6pa3 TBopiecKHx AeficTBafi npapoAbi 
— b toh TeTe yBepeH; 3aiiexfcxe ate — 'T e t e"; o Ttnt caii aBTop CKa3aJi Toace 
canoe — meciMO ctpaHmtaMH paHee. Texe BH^eji a cnbiinaji b ce6e BTOpyio 
npapooy, coaaaBHiyioca b Hen c Heooxo/pniocxbio nepsofi; h asxop npa6aBBJi: 
"II pas Tex e"*„. A «-p IHxeHHep — He npaB. 

nepeYymHH, k TeTe pesHyiouniH, — aBxop! 

A oh — Hcnapaex: — 

— n Bein> b ce6e" He ninoTesa, a TpaHcu.eHAeHTaJnin.in 
octbxok; h cmwcjiobbix ottchkob npnAaBaTi> efi Heju>3H. J^-pou fflre&HepoM, 
pasyMeeTCH, ace nepeiiemaHO (b axoii nyHKTe h oGiacHeHae flaji), — 

T8K KBK 

A-p IDxeibiep HaBH3HBBO — (acnapjieT oh flajiee) — Hayice flaer npeAnacaHae: 
o&i.hchhtj. BHemHBB MBp (Ha ocHOsaHBH 6ojiee new "c t a" BbiAepxexc a nocxpo- 
HJi yqeHHe n-pa. ID/reBHepa 06 o6i>BCueHHH paccyAOiHoii b pa3yMHO>i). 

Qarypapyex — npocxa rocnoAB! — to we. 

PeaioMe yxeHaa 06 o6i>HCHeHHH paccyAOHHoii: — 

— "M up o6ibcbbwt 
He ocjjbic jiiBaHieu (peHOiieHOB iinpa"**. 

Tax roBopBT A-p IHTeBHep. 

HcnapeHBB Hosoro ooBHHeHHH B3Jiexaiox onaxb-xaioi: — 

— Bbah 3anor no- 
CTHaceHHH hctbhm b aHTponoMop(pH3Me (o&tHCHeHo mhob), KaHTy b Bepe BO 
BHyxpeHHHfi Map A-p nixeHHep OTKa3bniaex, paayifeexca, 3pa (o&fcHCHeao), 
h — 3anyrbiBaexcH b HeyiieHaa pasrpaHHHHBaTfc nyx a npapoay. 



• Por. 60. 
** GNS. IV Band, E. A. 299. 



230 



Heywejm — b KOTopbrik pas! — npaBOflHTb uae paa chocok Ha Te 
yTBepameHiu, rae coBepineHHO oSpaTHoe npoBOflHTCH A-poii DlTeHHepoii: npa- 
boa> b Tperaii pa3 Te ate Bbiaepauca, nepenacbiBaio ex He b CHOCKy, a b tckct 
— c npeflynpeacfleHHesi: npaBOAan, b HerBepTbia pa3 ax ae 6yAy; bot — ccbiji- 
n: GNS. I Band, LXXHI, IJI— LXI; m Band, 430, 461; IV Band, E. A. 273, 
282, 226; Z. A. 6, 296. 

H — bohmb cjioh napa: fl-p IIlTeHHep b npapoae CKopjiyny ot aapa Be 
pa3JmnaeT — "so-BiAiioHy" (npejiecrao "no-aanauou y"*), "ho-bb- 
AHMOMy" — y aBTopa ace. 

Ha ny6jnnHbix jieKuaax noceTarejoi jieKuafi ot A-pa nTreaHepa cjiuinajm 
KHoroKpaTHo: 

Natur hat weder Kern, noch Schale... 
Dich priife du aur allermeist, 
Ob du Kern, oder Schale seist". 

Ho aBTOp TpyflHTcn: b Ha3HAaHae nepenacbiBaeT uataTy H3 Teie; b — bc- 
Bapxer - — "cTapwe-npecTaptie n e c u a": see o tom, 06 oabom — o Teo- 
KHpax, MOBHcrax, He noHaaiaioiinix MexaHHuaaMa KpaTaiecKoro; nepenacii- 
lln te see chockb He ciaay a; noAyiiaioT, «o KOjmiecTBOM noBTopeaHa 

■ OflHopoflCTBOM npanesoB yaoAo6jiaiocb h — aBTop itae He npaitep — Aesa- 
HoCTOJieTHeiry ciapny; AesHHOCTOJieTHae craping! CjieAya CTapnecKon ckjioh- 
Hqcth, ohb npBJiaraioT k BBjieHaio Te ace ace, Kor/ia-To oparaHajibHbie <ppa3bi; 
BMTopaiOT, — H 3a6biBaK>T; ncrroM omrrb noBTopaiOT; noBTOpan. noBTopeHna 

> HC SHBTb, HTO nOBTOpeHHB nOBTOpaeiHb, HX CKJIOHHOCTb; H CKJIOHHOCTb 

MTopa, BOBJieKaxunero b ifeaa — b noBTopeaHa; aBTop, KaK RaxeTca hhc, He 
ROJtb yate upeneu roAaiia... oh — noBTopaeT: o TH03Hce npnpoAM y TeTe; 

Epas 3Ty Mbicjib, noBTopaeT apyryjo: o ueo6xoAHMocTa A-py rUTeauepy 
O KaHTHaHCTBO npH3H8Tb; 3a HOBTOpeHHeM 3TB1I HOBTOpaeT HOBTOp- 
oh: o MexaHBHH3Me; o uexaHHUH3ue oh — enje noBTopaT; noBTopHT 

■ •We. 

hi 

A6aai| KOHHaeTca noBTopeaaeii: — 

— A-p EUTeBHep (noBTopneT oh) He iioxeT 
, MeTO£H3Ma b /jejieHaa eCTecTBOBeAeHHB Ha MexaHBipi3M h opraHHKy**. 
PasAejiemiio <J)B3hkb a opraaaxH hocbhthji A-p ffireHHep crpaHHU. — ABe 
► JtmmxoM cothb co mpacpTOii y6opacTbm, iiejiKBii; ecjni aBTop ax He npoieji 
• aaAo 4>aKT 3tot cxpbtib: oh — aanyjoxpyeT ero KHary. 
HocJieflHee HcnapeHae 3tob cepaB — ynpeK b B3aaMHOM CHemeHaa Mera- 

kb, ubctbkb, raoceojioraa, jioraKa — MHOKt pasoSpaH. 
Hosaa cepaa BabisaeT k BHHiiaHHio: ona — apaiie<iaTejn>Ha. 



•Por. 68. 
••Pof. 75. 



231 



f 130. OnwTU 

Cipasma BoceMtflecHT natai. 

TexcT oSbibciii: — 

— B a o- ra oceo jio- 
rBiecKoi r ji y 6 h h e — k o p h b BHyipeHuax onuioi; b « o c - 
uraeiu Be aaajinon, a acieioii, cipagaHiieii, noflairoH; 
SToro fl - p HI t e ii H e p b e noaan: npenciaBJieKie o B h y t p e h - 
Hen mpe pacuiUBiato y fl-pa IQiCBHepa"; "Henpeoflo- 

JlCHBUJi II M aHIIipiTIVBui MOBH3M Hei-HCI fl 8 CUTpaCT 

Han ero... nocipoeiHam 3Jiyio myiay"**. 

B npnBefleHHOH BpaiqeaBB mbicjkb, ynpa3flHju co6ob "KpiTHmau", 
(pBrypapyer boabbt. Tne bosiioscbocti. — "on bit" b KpaTHHecKou ciiBicjie 
cooTBecTH c HBCiBHecKBii oubitom? CooTBomeHBB y aBTopa HeT, a y Kobth 3to 
BoaartBe "on bit a" araepnaeiio b cpopite: ara (popiia ecu. speiix". 

Hjm b bobbtbb "on bit a" yBaacaeuBni avrop 3a6Bui csoe "tan- 
TnaHCTBo"? Hjih oh rosopBT ot juma csoea MeTa<pB3BXB; ueTaipiisiiKy 
cbom aarop cnpjrraji; bo bo sceii BepoxTBOCTH — fla: rosopBT ot jihuii 
lieTacJmaHXB; pexoMeHAyeT x KaaTy oh — ctbtb iieTatpBaaxoM: — "Ecjih 
6u Kaai cjicabji 3a «eaie jibhoctbio reie... to voxel 
6bitb,oh ocjibSbji 6bi cBoe xpmiecxoe pacHie Ha noJiB3y 
hbcto TBopiecxoro; uoaceT 6bitb, to, ito yjioacajiocb b ca- 
use rjiy6oxoe... iiopenie Kama... uaimio 6bi ce6e bbi- 
paxeBie, hc xax ipuma tojibko, bo yace xax uoBaa, 
BBicseT JieuHaa neiaipisiKa... Kaai nor 6bi aiBJiem or- 
poMayw nojiB3y... as yaojpHTe jibbob njiacTiai TeTe c ee 
BpoTO-tpeaoaaeBaii a"***. 

Bbime iibi BBflejni, <rro "n ji a c t h k a" TeTe ecTB "csoeoGpasHaa 
o 6 ji a c t b" — nojiy-Hayxa, nojiy-BcxyccTBO, o6a3aHBaa BoaBBxaoseBBeii Te- 
Te, t. e. "eABHCf BeBBOiiy cymecisy", "aaBBBOiiy npapoao- 
loaapaieji k>". Bnflejcn mbi b to, hto KaaT 6 o ji b m e CBOero xpiii- 
BB3na. KpBTBUB3M npeflonpeflejiaeTCH Kairroii, a KaaT — TeTe; TeTe we 
— "cymecTBo", "a a a bb bib npHpoflo bo3 3pHie jib", nopoABB- 
in a a "cBoeo6pa3Hyio o6jiacTB n — nojiy-iciycciio, 
BOJiy-aayxy, nojiy-<pHJioco<pHio. Kpiiiquii, Teopn 3 h a - 
hii; raoceojiorBH — npeflonpefle jibhbi re h h a jibh o- hbhb- 

BOM BpapOAOBOaapBTeJIBHOB, aXpBTBHBOM) B CBOepOflHOK) 

o6jiacTBK>; aBTOpy xe n CBoeo6pa3HOB n tob o6jiacTH BMeaxeTcx b 3a- 
CJiyry bmchho ero "xpaTasaqax" KaaToai: "a" onpeflejiaeTCa "b"; "b" 
onpeflejiaeTca "a"; nojiynaeTca cjiyiai GapoHa MioHxrayseaa: ae to Te- 
t e - K a a t o", ae to "K a a t o - T e t e"; 'T e t e - K a a t o" pasao "K a h - 



•PoL 84. 

••PoI\ 85. 

•••PoI\ 168. 



232 



T o - r e x e": ypaBHCHiie ueTa<pH3HKH asiopa npeBpamaeTCH b iioju.; m Ha 
Moa HOJie onncaBO xpyroBpaia,eHne micjiea, npHBOflamee asTopa k yi- 
mepmfntBMM AO-iHOceoJioriHecKOB rjiy6nm.i b KOHxexcTe c xpxTH- 

HeCXOa (pHJIOCO(J)HeH. 

"KpiTinecKii" 3^eca> mm bhahm npo6jiejiy — He npo6jieuy rjiyGnH 
m bmcot, lam h a h a ji a doibihiih; okt Hanajia nosHamifl ecri. nepaoe 
BbiHJieHemie: 113 "« a h h o c t h" no3HaBaTeJiMiMx axTOB; em.e He cymecTByeT 
aoec* — "x x 3 h ■", "nojB«r«" h "m h p o b", kbk pacHJieHCHHbix HacTea; 
Bcaxaa cneqmpincauHH nauHociei a BHfle rJiy6HH h bmcot 3Aeci> — xpHTaraec- 
tcmik nonaena. Box OTBei b Ayxe Teopro 3nanHH «-pa UTrejhiepa Ha ochobohojio- 
■eexnte can oro "KpinqiiHa' 1 b rjiy6aniM BHyTpeHHHX oiimtob. IIoTbMy-To 
ynpex b axpsmHHocni ("h e npeoflOJieanbiH an aHTiKpniiuui 
mohh3m"...) ecri. cjiOBecHoe coneTaBHe. Mex KpnTHini3i<oii h "rsoaicoii" 
"flo-THOceojiorHHecKHX 6 e 3 a h" moxho crasHTb 3Hax paseHCTBa b toii 
«cxjnaHXTejn>HO cjiyiae, ecjm 3Hax paseHCTsa flonycrHM Hex... "KpiiToii" 
■ "xpiiixoi". MoxeT 6j.rn., y asTopa KpnTHKa c KpHTa? MoxeT 6bm>, 

■BTOp... KpOTXHHH? 

Bmccto noHHTHB "KpnTnm3)i" BbiCTpoHJi oh jia6HpnHT; Taji 3aceji 
MxaoTasp. 

Cxaxeif npaafly: jie3BHe xpmnreecxoH mmcjih He paccexaeT Han iipaxa; ho 
■S Mpaxa aohochtcb: rjiyxoe creHauHe... MHHOTaspa. 



§ 131. MMP BHBUIHMM M BHyTpeHHHft 

CipaHBna BOceiibAecHT ACBHTaH. 

Tbkct o6bibchii: — 

— "Ocipo H flO 
KOHua b rJiy6iiHy iposcAesBoe oiipaHmeuiie iinpa BHein- 

■ ero ot BeyipenHero — cosepmenHO lyatao IIlTeHHepy 
(•cjih cyAHTb no iHorm ero coiiHeEimj'". 

Tax roBopnr A-p UTTeitHep: — 

— "^ojixbs 6biTi Hayxa, loiopai 

BO ji a r a ji a 6 m xcho isiiitooiBOineHii npoTHBOnoJioxHoc- 

teft. Miip peaJibHMH h mp h nea jiihub, nponsono jioaeBie 

|iicTBHTC^]>BOCTi x ia» — bot jajiaia noAo6aai HayKH 1 '**. 

Hjm: — 

— "3thm o6ocHOBaH hm AyajiB3H... HejiOBex naxo- 
ftBT ce6i npoTHBonocTaBJieuHbiu Ray it Map an... Op.uu mp 

• TO On BIT, OTH OCBTe JIbHO KOToporo 3iiaeT OH, 1TO B 

■ • M — nojiOBHHa AeficTBHTejibuocTia; nopoi imp 3 t o — 



•Por. 89. 
** GEGW. Die Aufgabe unserer Wissenschaft. 
*** GEGW. Die Wisienschift. Das Erkennen. 

233 



C BiiflejieHHeM lacTea HenocpeflCTBeHHO-flaHHoro — HanHHaeTCH noaaaa- 
HHe noaBaaaHKH; pasjoraeaae KbipacraeT c coaHaaaeif; is c coaHamjeii bxo/hit 
HBoropa3JiH<Qie Aaaaoro; oho — 3anpeflejxt.HO o6oaif, 6yayHH rpaaaiieio Meat 
"m h p a m h"; oho — BHeHHflJJBH.nyaJU.HO. 

Tanoaa jiargiecxai ycraHOBKa o6oax uapoB — y fl-pa DlTefiHepa; 
■ OHa-io Hac flanee h npBBOABT*. k npecjioByroiay jiyajmSMy "mipo b" (fly- 
ajnttity ncHxojiorHiecKOMy). 

"^ BOHCTBCHHB ICJIOBCICCEal II p M p O fl a", rOBOpHT fl-p DlTeH- 

Hep, "a ce6i a oxpy w aiom/Hnt nap icjiobci jasjuoiatT 
b Mi.ic.JiHTeJii.HOM fleacTBHH;H ce6n flojiaceH oh onpefleJimi 
a ijeaTpe MbiCJiH, KaK HHflHBHflyyMa, npoTHBOCTOHmero Be- 
rn a it"*. 

Hjih ace: 

^yajoraa cocpeflOToiHBaeTCH aa o5ycJioBJieHHOM co3aaHaeM passjeJieHaa 
Meatfly Map on h "fl": B03HHKaer — iiarepHB, ayx, cy6%exT a ofrbexT... 
^yajiHSM laaepTpocpapyeT nyx a naiepaio b abc caMOCTOflTejn.Hbie cy6- 
CTaBnaa; noaToiiy oh ae moxcct noajrrfc BsaHMOAeacTBBH aGcTparapoBaBHMX 
HacreH. 

Taxoaa ncaxoJionraecxaB yc/iaHOBKa "o6ohx mpoB 1 ' y fl-pa fflTea- 
aepa. 

Ecn. y Hero a iBbie eme ycTaaoBxa: ycraHOBKa ot mcnuiaxa h ot 
flyxoBHOro iHaani. 

yCTBHOBXa 3BBHCHT OT MtTOfla. 

B leu ace "aeocipoti" npoBCfleHBH? 

B asTope. 

B coBpeiieHHOH Teopaa aausmn cy6%eKT a oomxt npoTHBocTaBHMM Tpo- 
axo**: HajtBHO, ncaxojiorBiecKH a TeopeTHKO-no3HaBaTejn.Ho; b nepBoa cjiynae 
"fl b uoeii t e ji e" — cy6*exr; bo BTopoii cjiynae — nepeatHBaeMoe 
coAepacaaae co3HaHHH "c y 6 » e x t h o"; b Tpen>eii ace cjiynae nepeacaBaeiioe 
coAepacaaae co3aaHHH ecu. am«aHeHTHoe 6i>rrae: rpaai. iteacfly Mapaua pacTon- 
Jieaa; 06a aapa (nap BHeimiBB a BayTpeHHaa) cyn, nap 06-beKTa; 3fleci> otn»exT 
— coflepacaHHe, \y61eKTH w" ace (popabi no3HaHBB. 

Tax <no cy6ieKT lteTOflBHecxH nienarca Ha pag "cyfiiexiiBBocie a"; 
tto naucojioiHHecxH cy6i>exTBBHO, 10 jionraecxa o&i»eKTHBHo. 

PacHJieaeaaa "uip a" co3HaaaH, BSBToro xax oStexi (b jioraiecxoM) 
a xax cy6ieKT (b ncaxoJioiBHecROM CMBicJie), y asTopa hct. ncaxoJioraea 
o6oax paflOB noAaeaeaa y aBiopa Jioiaxa; n Epnmi3ii" noflMeHHCT oh 
ncHxo<pH3HHecKHM napajuiejrH3M0ii (b flpyroM cjrynae, xax BHflejiH mm, oh 
ipmiecKii njiK>paJiH3M nofliieHHJi apoG/ieuaniiiioM m e x a - 
am), 

Onoro-TO ero 3aaBJieHae o "je ocipoS r p a h a n; e" noxoarcfl Ha 
cifemeaaa hm /n»yx cy6i.eKTOB noaHaHHH. 



*PhF. 56. 
** Ck>«» coiBBeame reapoxa PuucepTa: ^Gegenstand der Erkenntnis". 

234 



Orroro jioscho ero yrBepacAeHae: — 

— "0 c t p o h « o k o h u a b r ji y 6 h - 
ay npoBeflBHHoe OTtpaHnienie mpi BHeinuero 01 sayT- 
peuHero... — coBepineHHO nyatflo IIlTeiBepy (ecjiH cyaan 
no mho rim ero coHDaeHim)", — 

— cjieayeT Tyr npnSasHTb: He n p h - 

HITUll BO IBlHBlie. 

AsTop ynopcTByeT: — 

— "BoccTaHOBJieBHe hoboto epaciBi, 
Byxeif ipiTiiecxi ipoiepeHBoio coihibicii bihhooi- 
loneHii o6ohx mpoB, — coaepmeHBo iy*«o lHTeiiHepy 
(■cjih cyffiik no worn ero cohhh chbhm)"* — 

— onm»-TaKn a 
npnoaBJuo: h e npiBiiui bo ibimibic. 

"TaX K a K B C03HBHHH H fl e H H a a h h o e Beo6xoAHiio B M - 

OiynaNT paaaeJibHO, to oosiouy bcx acbctbhtcjilbocti. 
A jib coiBtBia pacmenjiae-rca Ha 311 «ae lacn, h Tax kbk 
tOiiiBie TOJiixo uyieu co6cTBeuBOB aeaie jiibocti mo- 

■ ai ocymecTBBTi coeAHHemie o6onx yxasaaaux ajieueH- 
tob, to oho flociaraei bojihoh AeiciBaiejiiHacii tojii>ko 
fepes ocymecTBJieHHe eeib bosbbbu"". 

Him: 

CoMeraHHe o6onx mpoB — ramaer TeopHio shbhiu. 
Tax roBopsi fl-p ffireiHep. 

OTjnraie Ayajm3Ma aaTopa or ayaJiH3Jia fl-pa IQTeihiepa — b tom, hto 
ffyajniSM y aBTopa, ocTasaacfc hbbbbi>im, paspeinanca b o6pa3i»i r ji y 6 h h 

■ iucoi, hjih we nprnnmaeT (popiiy — napajuiejiHSMa; ayajiB3M y fl-pa 
Ubaanepa ecn. KpHTimecKiiH oyajoiaM, npeAonpeaejieHHtra nosH&HHeM, em 
■•noxemibm a hm ace npeoa,ojieHHMH; Teopaa 3uaimfl «jih 3Toro ay&jiHSMa 

■ftfUeTCX Be6oM H BepXHHM, II HBXHHM. 

, "Mm AOJiatHfci npeflCTaBJiHTk ce6e, no coeAiBCBie ecib 
ItpBOBaHaJikHoe, BsaaiiJia Heo6xoAHMoe, h hto t o ji b k o 
| laiajie BoaanaBii Haciynaei flJifl no 3H a hhh... p a 3fl e ji e - 



lie, KOTopoe, o ah aKo... He p e 3 noiHauue. 
Tax roBopm fl-p Iffreihiep. 



ycTpaaaeici 



§ 132. KpMTMKa — Kpmt — kpmk! 

Jleasae xpHTHiecxoH icicjm Ha npHBeAeiiHofi cTpaHHu.e ecTb 
i Mlam-TBXX... "Kpat"; n oho o6HaacaeTCa 3a... "xpBTCKHe" HHTepecti: npeao- 
I JfTtaae MaHOTaapa npoAOJiacaeT Tpe6oBaTt scepTB. 



• Por. 89. 
*• HmH. 66. 
••• HaH. 65, 66. 



235 



Mhhotbbp see CTeaaer: — 

— 6oxecTBa repaaHCTsa, cjiasflHCTBa 
b ajiJiHHCTBa; W e s e nh e i te a", py ca jikh b s jii>«pu; Abojuiob, flpa- 
jio m , B o t a h"; a e at b t i>, BeiHCTi isuiecTia, xpicTiaBCTm 
— Aon y CTHMti... "c oflHOH oroBOpKoii", — to ecu. — 

— Kpar, jia6a- 
pnirr, MaHOTasp, HHHOTaspoB HpeaaTwe peBbi; "o i o b o p x a" paapacraeTca 
a nyHKTbi: nyaXT nepsuB, BTopoa a nymtT TpeTBB, hockbibb nerbipe noflnyHK- 
Ta, — to ecTj. qejioe pyKOBOgciBO "npiETiiecioi BCKpoMiBiii". 

BbireKom B3 "o 6 o a x a a p o b" a aa hbx yrBepaaB cboh> Jioraxy, asTop 
nocnemao yrex — b caMOHa6monaeni.iB raoaac: fl-p nTreaaep, hbtb- 
Tejn. b x — noTeneaTe aa hhii! 3to 6wcTpoe "y t e k a h h e" or npeyxaeTa 
k npeflMCTy, BepojrrBO, h ecrb bba "bhmx Kpumiaii ob", KOTopbie... 
cymecrayioT... ■ Haaexax b KOTopue... noBOOfly... bo3mo»hbi. — 

— "B o t a H M O - 
xei 6utb... cyiqecTByeT rje-io... bo Kor^a a xoiy cxaa- 
thtb... 3tot... o6pas... b « o ji w e h o ct e p e 1 a t b c a... pacnymeH- 
aoro n oflMeinHB aHtH k (pyaxnaa... BayTpeaaero lysciBa 
npoB3BO JiiHiix... paiApaxeiii"*. B Teopaa 3HaHBB aBTopa xaara 
o TeTe cyujecTBOBaHHio Boiaaa OTBe«eHO "x p b t a h e c x a" iiecTo. 

"M o at e t 6uTfc, cyutecTByaiBXBB Boias" pa3JiaHaeM, no asropy, 
ot... — 

1) BOSHBKBOBeBBfl B BBC, 

2) nepeflana Hpynm, 

3) BOcnpaaTBH b nepeflane 

BT. fl. 

Moskho tojiuco acajie-n., hto paajiHHae "BoTaaoa" ae pa3BBTO fleTajTbHea: 
pa3jnneBBX 3ra npaseAyr... pa3BC hto k co3epi|aaaio — b o6pa3e a boaodbb 
5ora — HepBBiecKOH kjimkcu. 

Hto ace xacaeTca raoaflca boihikioichbi b h a c o 6 p a a o b, 
to y fl-pa DlTeaaepa 06 3toh floeraTOHao cxa3aao b "TaHHOBeflCHHa"; 
hbcto (popaajn.ni.ie yxa3aBBH o6xoatfleHBH c "o 6 p a 3 o m, BoiBBiiniqiii 
b h a c", yac, kobchbo, uiknatoT aaBBHyio "uaoro-axocTb" o6jibhbb 
repMBBCRoro 6oacecTBa — b nyaxie ero ycrpaaeaBa, xax oyaieBBoro co- 
Aepataaaa. 

§ 133. PycnaH m JlWAMHna 

H B3BBHHK>Cb, MBTaTejtb: B HaHajl C XpBTBHeCKOB (pHJIOCCHpHH, 

a kohhbji "IlyTea nocBxiqeaHa". B cajn.ToaopTaJie a ae nosaaea, 
nffroay «rro aBTop — PycnaH: accouaaiou, HepHoaop, noBJiexJia — Pycjiaaa, 
ero, c esponeacxoro xpaata xpaTBHecxas <pajioco<pBB — b cTpaHbi 3aoaBbie 
raocTBxa. 



•Por. 87— 88. 

236 



Tut iiobiic hba JIioflUHJiofi, AyttKBBMia aeHptuiH, b caifOHa6jiK>AaioipHX 
bmcxx — "Eucnpk" B3BHxpeHHWH aviop; H3 Bbiceii — naji b Heflpa; TaM 
itxwi on; aeflpa xe oxaaajucb nemepofi; neiqepoacirrejieii — oh; 6ucrpaH 
■epeveHa pojiefi (m Kpwnuta b aaaxopeTa) h noHyAHJia aatropa "h ape hi." 
cbom npaBHJia. 

Tax craji yBaxaeifbdl aarop: He aBTop, a — CTapeo.. 

H npaaxjia ■ocnpaanui b ce5e "gyxoiHoro oxa" oh nepeHec 
a paccyxAeinu no noaoay hhcto "k p h t h h e c k o b" tcum; h hoabht, 
erpaAaioie, acepray nocxusui oh b Ao-xpHTHiecxoH 6e3£He, He 3aaie<iaji aoBce, 
wto h " fl o" ■ "n o c ji e" b OTHOineHn x TeopHH 3Hamui hjih oeccMbicjieuHU, 
aim HueiOT hhcto jioriYecxii cxucjib axon cuucjie a "ao" ecu. He 
€sJMe, xax jiorrcecxHH priua; Bbipaacemie: "nonaieaae cbo6o«h 
■ poxAcaie H3 ce6« 3-rofi iaci aamcai ot noxo»HeHHii 
go A h a" — hjih raoceojionraecxH He HMeeT anaHeima, hjih Boieer 3HaneHHe, 
xoropoe MOXHO tpopuyjutpoBa-n Tax: "a ho" nepsen rHoceojioran, "a ho" 
— - npe/jnocMJixa caMOH raoceojiorHH; rHOceojionm a Taxoii cjiynae 
OTBHOBHTCa HCHXOJioraei, mhcthkoh, hio3hcom; ot TeopHH 3HaHHH He ocTaeTca 
ftA«pa- 



§ 134. KpMTMiacKM c*AMHpMqa 

Heps** rjiaaa mhoh pa3o6paHa: u paaofipaubi b nefi — inecTaa, 
■ocmhih; c Hefi paao6paHa ■ bcb py6pmca "aKpamiiiocn". 
Omeiui: 

1) He ycraHOBJieHO noHHTne "x p h t h h. h 3 m". 
i 2) IIoa xpHTHHecKHM (pjiaroM Han hbjicho AymeBHoe COCTO- 

Hiixe. 

3) fLuwHa (pHJiococpHa Kasia. 

4) HaJieHa ncnxojiorii flyajiH3na. 

5) HaJieHa TeopHH isaan. 
% 6) Hbjwh r h o 3 h c. 

i , 7) Hbjkho "c o ji i. <p e fl * h o" K a h t a. 

v • 8) HajieHO yieBie Bca. 

KpHT>UH3M y aBTopa ceMH3HaHeH; h oh ooBHHaeT ot — "ceMH3Ha«Horo" 
xymumMii. oahb ceAMfax eio — "xpiinecKii" xpirriiuH3if ; mecTb 
MUtux — "h a m e k h hhmx tpinnisiio b"; "c e m h 3 h a h h o e" cjio- 
I — (popreitHH; hjih — (ppoHTajruiaa: u.em>, 6eryman <iepe3 bck> eio xmiry; ho 
i KHHre 3neaTca — TpHAitaTb nenipe Apynix, nepexpeiiTjiBaHCi. npn noiioinH 
i ff a X ii k"; TpH/waTb n*Ta* scex Hana/jenna Tenepi. AoexoHajtbHo pa3o6paHa; 
■ paana oahb TpHAMan nana* — TpH/jmaTH iihth TpHAoaTi. mm.m: Tonorpa- 
Abw OAHoro 6yropxa oro6pa3HJia OHa; BCK>Ay — paca.mHaTi.iH jiec caepxy 
iipBcpfciT nepHoaeitOM; ho ot nepBoro jehbhh xparrHXH — 6eatHT «iepH03eM; 
pMMAaeTC* Mec-raocTb Kojioccaju.Hi.iM osparoic nopoA ropHwx — hct. 



237 



§ 135. TpaBOKOUMHHe 

Moh noApooHbrii pa36op AOJraceH 6biji noKaaan.: KpHTunecKoe 
opyame MeTHepa; BHyTpH pa36opa rjiaoti — «Be ^pyrae ynajia (inecTaa, 

BOCbliaa) CHCTeMOK) KapTOHHBIX AOMHKOB. 

Qraero 3to TaK? 

ycTaHOBJieHae oahoio TOJU.KO TBepjioro nyHKTa jioiiaeT iiexaHHKy x o ji e - 

ca HanaflCBHR, spainaeMoro npa noiioinii "thk Kai": iaK kbk... «or- 

M8THK, TO... aHTHXpHTHHeH; Illtl K... aHTHKpHTHHeH MOHHCT... H fla- 

jiee, flajiee. Begi. juoGaa H3 py6pHK 6eraeT npa noif oiqn "tai k a k"; b hhx 
— Hii6ejiyHroBO KOJieco. 

Fa3o6paB "k p h t h h. h 3 m", h cjiom sji o«ho "Tax Kax"; ho ot stoio cjioata 
KOJieco nepedajio GeacaTb; h — pacnajioci.: arjuuiepaTami, KOTopue ioie 
ynofmo CKainHBaTb oabhm saiiaxoM... — flecaTKaMa; ho ceHOKOc ctojh. o6njieH, 
ctojd> jieroK, vro xociti rojiocJiOBHi<i>i — 3HaMHJio 6: b MHoropenHH ynpaat- 

HXTbCfl, KBK BBTOp. 

MeroA cboh — n3MeHHH> ncmoMy; TpaBOKOineHBe 3aMeHjno a o6o3peHHeM 
KOCHMiix nojiea: nojia — Heo&bHTHtie! 



§ 136. 0praHMi)M3M TeTe 

KopoTKo npo6eraio no TpeTtefi rjiase; OHa 03auiaBJieHa: "0 p - 
riEiqin r e t e". 

Texe novra pens atn: eiiy nocBHixuuoTCs: naa. naparpacpa, ipaKTyioiHHx 
06 oco5eHHOM h Bceo6in.eu; o "<p h ji o c o (p h h" h o — npoTO-cpeHOMeiie; 
npoTO-cpeHOMeH CMeinHBaeiCB c HAeea; "<p un h a « h h" hhrbk He pacKptrra; 
h c6jiH»eHa c"nojiy6ecco3HaTejn.HBiM npoi^eccoM opranma- 
U h h"; nponeccy "opraHH3ain«i" A-poii mTeraepoii nocBHmeHa 6ojn,inafl cra- 
TBH-npeAHCJiOBHe k 33-ny TOiiy; h aBTopoai — nae cipaaaqxi; o Bceo6in.eM, 

npOCTOM He CKB3aH0 HOHTH HHYero. 

Pent hact — tojimco o A-pe IHreHHepe: OTiieTaH paao6paHHoe (A-p IHTenHep 
pyraeT yneHBix, ycTpemiaeTCfl "o6i.HCHBTb", jminaeT cBoeo6pa3na TeTe, npoaB- 
naex 6e3BKycne CHHKpeTH3iia, h — Aajiee...) — ocTaHaBJOfBaiocb Ha oahom 
tojd»ko nyBKie, noioiiy hto "n y h k t" xapamepeH; h b wutre oh — jihhhh. 

AsTop rjiacHT: — 

— "JI erxo roBopHTb o "a y x o b h o m oKe" r e t e, 
KOTopbiif oh 6yATO 6bi CMOTpeJi Ha paciexie u Ha jkhbot- 
Hoe. CcbiJiKa 3Aecb Ha flyxosHocit ecu otiis ot tojikobo- 
10 o6i>hch eHHfl, kbk ciioipeji reie 11 ieii eiicbbo ero cmot- 
ptHie otjih h a jiocb ot CMOTpeaHH flpyrax"*. 

<X>pa3M, HOAoSHbie npHBeAeHHbiM, yacaCHbi ajih asxopa; no noAcieTy, 
npon3BeAeuHOiiy mhom, Bonpocy o tom, k a k h m e h h o c m o t p e ji PeieHa 

• Por. 94. 

238 



pacreHae a Ha aaepa, fl-poii nireHHepoM nocjuunaeTCJi: 128 CTpaHau. neTB-raoro 
BipaipTa; npHBOAR xe x GW. — 256 crpaHim. 

Yxbcho una aBTopa npH3uauHe, «rro oh 256 crpaHim. He nponeji; He npoHia xe, 
BOTpeSosan o6t.hchchhh, xaK bmchho cm Orpeji TeTe. Ecjih y we He npoieji, Tax He 
Tpe6y a; ho He hbtbtj. o&bncHeinte h Tpe6oBaTb o6i>HCHeHBe! . . Amop — xanpaaeH . 

XapaKTepHCTHKa OTHOineHna fl-pa IHreBHepa k "opraHauaaMy" Btiasajia 
6u rjiasy, noAoGayio "cbctobob Teopiii r e t e". O&beii khhth He no3BO- 

JIMBT MHC OTOaTbCH BOnpOCy "o p r a H H K a" TaK, KaK OTAaJICH h "<p h 3 h x e". 

PeatOMapyio b AByx cjiobbx: — 256 crpaHHu. noApo6HeHumx pa3T>BCHeHBH. 

§ 137. YnaHMe o npoTO-THna 

KaHT m>rrajica o6ochobbti> cBoepoflHOcri. noaHamu. IIoHXTHe 
ABCxypcaBHoe bocbt cjiyxeGHua xapaxTep; 6y/ryHB npajioxeHO x HyscTBeH- 
aocTH, oho paaJiaraer ee b MexaHBiecxax xaTeropaxx; npapoAa oprauB3na 
■Baa; a xaTeropaxx BepaaaoxBMa OHa, xaTeropaa npajiaraeMM x "craBnieiiy", 
I MepTBOMy Mapy; nosHBHae — xaTeropaaJEbHO no Kasrry, h no3HaHHe opraHH3- 
IM — He nosHaHae Bosce". 

Tere 3hbji stot aarjiHA, bo OTpauaji mot b3iulha; Tejieojioraw b 6hojiothh 
Otkjiohhji oh y KaHTa; a Tyr oh corjiaceH c Ciihho30io 57 . 

JSfJim onosHaHHX "o p r a h h 3 m a" mju aojukhm nocTpoBTi, HHoe noHHTHe; 
Mo nonarae nepnajio 6m coaepxaHae B3 uapa n^ea; 6i>ijio 6bi coo6pa3Ho ce6e, 
a Be BBe-JiexauntM o&bexTBM. B HeoprainmecKOM Mape rocno/tCTByeT cueaa 
<tacxea (peBOMeaajiuroro P*Ai; * CMeHe tob tooth oepyrcx OTAcnabaocTB 
BBe-Jiexamax npenMCToa, b Mape xe opraHH3MOB He to: ueaoe npaBBT OTflejn.- 
■Octbmb, nejioe xe — b a#ee, aflex — xoHxperHa; ee HCTHHa, 6yoy>ai 
aVkexTHBHoft, — HHAHBaAyajaBa Bcerfla, nosroKy: HHTyau.Bx, OTpaxax inpu 
0Bi«hh3mob, nocrpoeHa no nun saxoaaif H03H8HHH, KairroM He BCxpurbiM; 
MraaasM, onpeaejuxcb aaeea, nocTBraeMoa B3HyTpa, aaeajieH a... HyBCTBeHeH 
■mere, onpexeJUieMMB no saxoaaM BHemHero uapa — 3aKoaau no3HaHaa 
KaHTa, — oh He ecn. yxe to, tto oh ecrt BHyrpB ce6x caMoro; BenosBaBaeM oh; 
■BTyanxfl eerfc saaaae s u i generis Baxymee co/tepxaHae c (popiioa. 

Ecjih ec-n. BBTyBuaa, to BoaaoxBa opraHHxa, xax nayxa; cajia cyxaeHaa 

■ Hex — n co3epnaTejii»HO-ifbicjiHina n ; ana — "Mi»icjixin,e-co3epn,aTeJii>- 

■ a", HHTejuieKTyajn.Boe cosepnaiiHe BHryanaH npennojiaraeT bo3moxhum. 

Kax BoaifOXHa Taxaa Hayxa? TeTe CTaBBT Bonpoc Ha ocipae xpaTBinf3Ma 
Ik i HeBeneHbe KaHTa; H3 HenpaHTHH Tejieojiora3xa Tpenea KaxrroBoa 
aa aimm ** oh bcxoabt; a pa3BHBaeT oh: abb npapoAOB033pBTejn>Hbix iieTOAa 
(MexxBBUB3M a opraHBxy); B3aaMHoe OTrpaHBHeHae a npeoAOJieHne ax 

"**■ B KOHXpeTHOM BAeajIB3He. 

HeopraHHiecKHB Map AaeTca cacreMoa npapoAM, paccMOTpaMoa, xax Me- 
BmHH3M, opraHaxa xe asctch BHane: cacreMOio MeTauopcposbi anew, o,e«tp a^ea 
— b npoTO-Tane. 

CjieAyeT xopomeHbKO ycBOBTb, hto xe ecn> npoTO-Tan: oh ecu. uopsia 
IteoSiqero a iBAiBiflya jilhoio BMecre, h nonaBaer oh — b pera- 
aaax Bbicoxoro; npoTO-Tan tbm — noTeHnaa, ocyiqecTBjieHHaa — b hh- 

239 



xe-jieatauncx noAODBxx; b o6pa3Hoa MeTaaopipose bacb, oipajKaeaoa 

— b "ciaaauieHB a". 

XapaXTepacTaxa fl-pa nLreBHepa npoio-Tana y Tew coanaAaeT 
omn-Tixi c oopaaoa KpanniM, jtBJieHBbia ApABtyHe; a co cJiOBaMH, cxaaaH- 
bmhb Kpaamoa — Apflatyse: — 

— "Mhom — b Moeu aenpojmJteEcaoit bbac 

— npoHBKByT Beci> 3tot nap; Bee cyniecTBa bmmot KopeHb bo Mae, ho H He 
bmuo xopaji b hbx... Bos3pa Ha Mom BoaceerBeHHyio Hory! IIoAaepsciiBaB ace 
cymecrsa, bo He aaea xopax b aax, iioe fl cocTaBJiaer ax npoB3BOABinyio 
IIpmaiHy (BxaraaaT-raTa. Becefla flcaaraH). 

Hjib: — 

— "Cjtpi.ni.ia b Ilpapo/ie, xoTopaa nponaouuia ot MeHa ace, ee 
chjiok) fl CHOBa a CHOBa npoaaBOacy 3TO anoacecTBO cymecrB, 6eccHjn.ui.ix 
a 6ecnoMOicHMX. H He CBaatiBawr... 3th acbctbhh Mean, npe6biBaiomero 
b 6ecCTpacTHH, HenpaaaaeHHOro x acbctbbio" (ibidem). 

3aecb "npeSuBaKMnBB b DeccxpacTaa" eeri. TO<oca Tana — IIpoTO-TBH, xax 
BenpoxBJieHHaji a 6ec4>opneHHaa noreHiniH (sepxaae peraoHbi fleBaxaHa^ec- 
xoro), a "npoB3BO«Hmaa IIpuHBa" ecTb rpaAanaa aoAH(pHKauBOH- 
bux xpyroa; "6oatecTBCHHaa Mora" ecu npaxcac noaBaaaa, BHTejuiexTyajn,- 
bofo coaepnaaaH, Jieacamero b ochobc opraaaKB Tere. Ilepsbie rpaAauBOHHbie 
xpyra npojuuieHaa Tana, to ecu IIpoTO-TBn npoxBJieBBua b coaepnaaaa 
aeraaopcposbi Bflea-o6pa30B — bot ob no cjioay HeaexBajui: — 

— "H a BHfleji: 
a bot Gypaua serep ineji ot cesepa, seJiaKoe o&naxo a KJiyoJEuntacs oroHb, 
x caxHae soxpyr aero, a B3 cpeoBB&i ero xax 6m cbct njiaiieBB B3 cepeflaHW 
ores; a H3 cpeoBHM ero bhaho 6mjio nonp6ne Herapex bcbbothmx, — a Taxos 
6mji bba ax: oGjddc ax 6mjl, xax y lejiosexa; a y xaacAOro lerbipe Jtaqa, 
a y xaacopro aa aax — leTbipe xpbuia...; a .nana y aax, a KpbuibH y bbx 

— y Bcex HeTkipex; KpbuibB ax conpaxacajmci. oaho x Apyroay... IIoAo6ae Jtaii 
ax — jnuqe lejioBexa b jraue jiuta c npasoa ctodohm y Bcex nerbipex; a c jieaoa 
cropoBU — jiaiie Tejifcna y Bcex HCTbipex a jmqe opjia y acex neTbipex...; xyAa 
Ayx xoreji batb, TyAa a huib; bo Bpeaa mecraBH ae ooopanasajmci....; oroab 
xqabji Beamy bcbbothmmb, b caaaae or otbh a mojihhjj acxoABJia ot othb. 
H acBBOTBue 6bicrpo ABBrajiacb TyAa a CK>Aa, xax CBepxaer mojibbb... 
H m cao-tpeji aa hdobothmx — a bot, Ha aeitjie nofljie 3tbx auraoTRMX no 
OABoay xonecy nepeA Hexbipbaa jiauaMH ax...; a no BBAy bx, a no ycTpoeHaio 
ax xa3aJioci>, 6yflio xojicco HaxOABJiocb b xojiece... A o6oaui bx — ... o6oai.h 
xx y acex VTupex Boxpyr nojiabi 6bum rjia3. H xoiAa iojih aumoTHbie, buib 
a xojieca...; a xorfla waBOTHbie noAHBiiajiacb... TorAa noABBMajtacb b xojieca... 
3yx BCBBOTHbrx 6biJi b KOJiecax... HaA rojioaaaa acaBOTHbix 6buio noAo6ae 
cboab... A aaA cboaoh... 6mjio noAo6ae npecroJia.., a hba noAo6aeM npecTOJia 
6bijio xax 6m noAOoae HejioBexa..." (Kaaxa npopoxa Hesexaajia, iji. I, 4 — 26). 

Bee 3Aea. oTpaacaer noAo6ae npoTO-TanaHecxax npoaaneHBa: noAo6ae 
le/ioBeaa; hoa bbm noAo6ae xpyroo6pa3aoe (cboa); hoa cboaoii b KpyroBpame- 
Hbe oraa HeTbipe noAo6aa, coeABHHiounie nepTbi: aurejia, nejioBexa b aaepa; 
3to — THnosaa npoHBJieHHocrb b neTau0p<po3e TexynecTa BAea-o6pa30B (Meia- 

240 



aopcposa — oroHk itexAy hmmh); nofl hkmb — noAooae oTpaaceHHB hx aa aettne 

— BpaiaeHM xojiec (xoneca b xojiece): xojiec, nojmux "rjiaa", t. e. atH3Heii; sto 

— HaneiaTJieHHe Meraaoptpaabi yace b "cTaHOBJieHaa", b xaneHiai xcbsbb. 

MOBCBO JIB 06p«3 HOAoShH BOHHTb 3BOJUOUBOHBO? He AyHiaK). EcjIB BCT, TO 

b y^eaae o npoTo-Tane a ocBememiB fl-pa DXreaHepa sbojikiubohho boc- 
npHBjno 6i»m. He Moater; *rro y Heaexaauu «aHo b iiBoroo6pa3BB npoxBJieHBB, 
b KapTBHe paaAeJibHocxeB, to Aauo b xapTime eoBHCTBa y asropa BxarasaT- 
Tbtu (xomhosbbbb paaH&ie, conepxaHHe m — to ate): — 

— "Cosepuaa, o IlapT- 
xa, Mom (popMy, Tucaqe-BBAHyio... pa3HOo6pa3Hyio... Co3epu.aa b Moeii tcjic. 
bcm BcejieHHyio"... (B. T. 5ec. 11-aa). H flajiee: "H ecm. SHaBae no3HaKHnax" 
(6ec. 10-aa). flajiee: "To — ijapcTBCHHaa uayia... iHTyimei 
noaHaBaeiiafl" (6ec. 9-ax). Bot, no fl-py DXreaHepy, o6pa3 opramixB TeTe. 
B npoTO-THne oiBBaeabi; BAea b npoTO-o6pa3M HMaraHaTBBHon <pairra3Hii. 
TeTeBa nocTaaoaKa Bonpoca o THne OTJoraaeTCfl ot nocTBHOBKB Bonpoca uaTe- 
paajiBCTaMB, AapBBHacraMa; aoo6u;e OTJiaiaeiCH or scea cepaa 3bo.juou.hoh- 
bux yieaaa; c "t a n o a" y ^apBaaa Feres mi He cnaBaea; rereBMM thuom 
onpeAejueica aoojioranecxaa "TanaHHOCTt"; a oaa — OTpaaceHae; ooparaoro 
Sun He MoaceT; npoTO-ipopan y rexxejix — ecrt BpeaeiraaH npoexnaa THna; 
nepaoe tbm — nocjieoHee; a nocjieAHee — neprfoe, b nocrpoeHaa "Tana" bo 
BpeneHa ail AOJixHbi bcxoabti. ot "cymero", 6jia»cejiexaiqero nymcra; 
"tbh" b 3tom CMMCJie — - aHTpononop4>eH acer^a; 300MopcpeH oh — bo 
BpeMCHHOa pafle; najaajia MOAHCpBxainui "Tana" xaaceTCB npaHHHoa bo apeae- 

BH, HO - — B HaC KOpeHHTCB HpHHHHHOCTI.. 

IIpoeKUHfl TeTeaHCTBa bo speiteHa cyn. npoexuaa b oGpaTHOM nopaAKe; 
"in" — BHeBpeaieHHbia, bcbbob neHTp; aoAH<pHKauaa Tana — xpyra Boicpyr 
tana; nepeceieHae ax paoHycoM BBJiaeT Haa: Meraiiop<po3y (popa Tana; 
"rpaAanax" MCTaMOp<po3i>i ecn o6jiacri> opraHaxa pauaoHajn>Hon (xjiaccwpa- 
xainta He rpaAaoax); sra nocjieAHxa — ycjioaae bo3hokhocth 6aoJioraa. 

Ilpoexinui "Tanoaoro" bo Bpeaeua — oKpyatHOcra pacceKaroinan paAayc, 
onpcAejieHHUB a ueHTpoM (aHTponoMopfpHocTbto), a yAaJieHHeHimnt xpyroM 
(akteooa); 6er no paAaycy bcbbmx (popM b "sbojuouhohhoh" xapTBHe 
o6paTeH BHeBpeaeaHO AamiOB ipaAanaa; 3Aect jioraHecxBH prius — p o a t f a • 
etum b reHC3Bce, TaxoBa ocoGeHHOCTb MeTOAaiecxax nocrpoeHaa paccyAKa. 

IIoaTOMy AapiiHiia — reieiBCiBo HaBwaopoT; oesBpeaeauoe 
Saraer tbm no speaeHH; a — b oGpaTHOn nopaAxe; npoexuaa yAaneHHeamea 
MO/PNpaxainni THna (aae6a) GHOJioraraecxH soccTajia npxiiHoio MsorooG- 
paaaa "craBmax" (popa; "r p a a a a a a" — ae b asuepeHaax BpeMeHa. 

3acci> TeTe Be noaflJia. Ob ctobji aa ypoBHe xpHTB^ecxoa mmcjib. 

Tax TOBopar A-p DlTeaHep. 

§ 138. AapBMHH3aqMfi TeTe 

ABTOp? 

AsTop Haa yTBepatA^eT: reTeacxaa ipaJiaaqaB 1 * BBenme cxowa 
c TexxejieM, J^apBBBOM a A-poa UlTeanepoM (??). MaTepaajmcTHHecKHH 

241 



awmpMSM fl-pa nheftaepa aeoobiHea; (paJiBanaa *te Tne — He aBOjnonaoHHa; 
rBOcmecKoio npapoABTeju 4 * hct y TeTe "ioiopua... noAo6ao... ave- 
piiaicim A'AiomsaM, loiopue' cnaqa.ua niyi ToaiKo 

■ i DJiaae ncHiajitBoii b bujikom Boo6piseHii... njieMxa- 
hbkob, a aatev no ciicuiiioi CJiy HaBHOCTH... am jibiotch 
cimojiiibo bo acex ipex t e ji a x: $a 3H <te ckom, atpnpHon 

■ acTpajifcHOM"**. 

H — ae CTMAHO? 

Aaropy ne cmaao — aaiyn>: "Oiieciao yTete ecu afleajii,- 

■ Ui o6p«3 n ... "KipBIBIJHOM M T t X k e n a a H C TB O II III t e ft b e p a 

o6kicBieTci MHoroe b ipiioTOJiioBaaaix reie""*... 



| 139. A-P UlT«ilH«p M fCKKtflb 

Bot xojuiexiiBx nepjios: — 

— "HocraToqao c acaoft rojioBoft, ae 
aaxyTBeBBoft voHicTiiecim, ieoco|i<ieciiii ■ iictihcc- 
■ a a copoH, npacTynan k oaBaxoMJieaaio co... BarjuAa* a TeTe hb npapoay" 
a r. a. 

— n IIpOTaBonocTaBJieBaeM noaHiaft a 
cbjim a WTepaa noHBraio bcb3bb TeTe... ocyaaji pas Hasceraa BBTanaaM 
BBoo6n(e Bcaxyio Hoaiciiieciyio nyiiHHay" a t. a. 

— "Kaxosa cbhu a oraomeaae aexAy 
Text a ^apaaaoM; ueatay coaAaaaoft TeTe qejiociBocruo... noJiy-Hayxoft, 
noJiy-acxyccTBoa... — a ocbobom... sBomonaoaaaaia, toiopui icpea 
cojioaaaxy... y ax oft noiipiau... paaAyiaeica b hujiihub 
nyauph... AymecaacBTejiitBoft leocotpiK" a r. a-****- 

— "Ill Tea Hep... Aapainaipo- 
bbji reie, i6o AapaaaaaapoBaa... a can ob. BuwruBaj MBoro- 
TUcaraejierBaft aaoxepaaM as nneauepaaacTBa, nojiyHHim. b octbtxc coBpeaea- 
Buft aanapaxo-AomaTaHecKaft aoaaaa b ctbjk rexxeju n *'***. 

— "B IipOTHBOIIOJIOJKHOCTL 

JUapaaay, Texxeaio, jUTeftHepy"******. 

— "niTeiaep... yxjiaAMaaeT cy- 
utecTioiiHie aapa u JiaBeiayio xpoaaxy". 

— "He... cBBJioci. ^apsaay, 
TexaeJiHi a UTTeftaepy*******. 



• ] 

"Pof. 108. 
•••Taa me. 
••••Pol". 136. 

•••••p«,r. 142. 

"•••Por. 148. 

•♦•••p»r. 237. 



) <ppaai.i "KoropbiB... BOTOpue"... OCTamJUUo aa coaecra anopa. 



242 



- — "0 chobhoh xapaKTep B ji e ik - 
tmothbm HnpoB033peuHH fflTefiHepa n o t p e 6 o b a ji h He xoro, 

HT06bI OH CTa JI... OK K y JIB TH CT OM... npH T OM OX B a H e H H MM II- 

ht o tp o 6h eft... a reKKe nzascxm m oh h 3 mom" h t. «. 

— "Y HTreaHepa mm HHXoroa He 3HaeM, 
ot Hbeio HMeHK oh losopHT. E r o ji h r e KKe jih aH ct b o... n Ofl«e pat bb a - 
ct AKaina-xpoHHKy h leopmo minyjiica, hjih 3ia xpoHixa 
h 3Ta t e opHH... hb jiHiOT ch... 3 aa e pin e hh e m r eKK e jih aH CTBa?"* 

— "II poTHB ipaKTa reKKejie«a- 
pBiBiina MieBHepa uanpaCHO ciaayi sospa Kan"". IIpO- 
thb HeTKOro paaAejieHHH TeTe or TeRKeJiH, ^apsaua, npHBefleHHbie "nep Jiti" 
b onpoBepxeHHH He HyatflaroTca; npHBe^eHHwe "n e p ji w" npocTO py 6pHxa 
oflHoro "k pHB oto jik a" b rpaAan.HH kphbotojikob: roBopaib o MOHH3Me 
h reKKejie-AapBHHH3Me b ROErreKCTe c a-poM DXreHHepoM — nycroe aaHjnae; ho 
"nycToe a a h h t h e" o6HHMaeT C060S paA CTpaHHU. 



§ 140. Attains 

B CyiHHOCTH TOJILKO aBTOp, aBTOp H a B T o p AapBHHH3HpO- 

saji TeTe; ho oSbhhhji... ae ce6a; Map npeflCTaBHjj ce6e — jmneHHOH) xpoiiHKofi, 
a yneHHe 06 "A k a in e" sbojuouhohho BocnpHnaji; 3BOJuouHOHHoe Bocnpnarbe 
"A k a in h" — a6cypA. "Axam a" KopeHHTCH b b3bchhom; b hsbchhom — Heim 

BpeMeHH, HH npHHHUHOCTH; npHHBHHOCTb B paCCy/nte; HO npOeXHHH H3BeHH0- 

ro b oenHoe co3«aeT cpeuoMeH speMeHHoro npo6eia; BpeMeHHOcib " A k a in ■" 
— npoeKinm: Ha speMeHH Bcmoro; serao cymee HBJieHO uaii TeKymaM. 
Tbk roBopHT fl-p nLreHHep: — 

— "B o3UBKaioii;ee bo b p e m e h h, 
h m e e t... Haiajio b b e h h o m". 

— "H e ji o b e K voxel npon k h yn> 
K BeiHWM n epsoa CT o «£H hk aM". 

— "T o r A a oh BaiiBiei b a a e t b iy 
CTopoHy co6i>itiih, KOTopaa b hhx He iioset 6uti> p a 3 p y - 
meua BpeMeHeM"***. 

CosepnaHae BaaeHHoro, KaK npoTeKinero — bot co3epuain>e "A K a in b". 
OpoTeionee, pa3yMeeTca, He 6epetcH b AapBBHHCTHiecKosi CMbicjie. H bbahtch 
BOBce He to, hto 6bijio b (peHOMene, a — H3Be«moe bhahtch: ooa (peHosieHaju.- 
bmm coGbrrneM. B npoiiecce we bocxoscachbh k seviOMy h co3AaeTCH KapraHa: 
npoTeKHmx co6brTHH — "b hx bcihoii acneKTe"****. 

JJ,-p IIlTeHHep HBM rOBOpHTI — 

— "P a 3 ki r p bi b a e t c h aeioiopuu 
o6pa30M io, no npoHcxoAHJio paH bine"*****. 

Oho — Be<rao-cymee. 



♦ Por. 375. 
**Por. 450. 

••'JIM. 2. 

••••JIM. 3. 

•••••TauKe. 



243 



i 141. r«T* H <t>H3MKM 

Mm y nopora neTBepToa rjiaBbi: Tete a $ian a": skbbokb, 
HrpRBOCTH m rpaAanax xecroB; cpeflH sax npaxoTJiBBOB B3Jiy«caHof «cyib 
npaueTHoe aBaxeaae Mbicna: jwrKOTpeaerBMB MbicjieHHbrii xoa, nepexoA*maa 
b HeABaxaocn> 3aTOHa; h BOKpyr — 6ypBOTpeneTHOCTi> cyeTJiaxbix aiioaaa, 
noAOOaax Tpenery Ha sxpaHe, tp/B Apoxanpae oiepraHaa HeecreciBeHHO-cycr jmbbix 
jnondl npoaocarca BAoroaxy aa xea-To: KHBUtaTorpacpHHCCKiiH amraoA, conpoaox- 
AeHBbia norpouoa; h c yHacTaen nojiacaeHa b BBAe BMAepxxa as pa3MbmuieBBB 
OyaHxape, cnparaHHbix b npaaeiaHaa x Texcry; Tpax: hi sxpane — oiepTaaae 
TopacecTBeHHO noioinero nrryxa; h HaAnaci.: "II a t e* 1 — npeAcraajieHHe xoHHeHo". 

Bex rJiana 'Teie a <X> a 3 a k a" (kbjc h see, anpoHea, rjiaBbi) HanoMBHaei 
no CTpaHHOCTH 3th (pajibiibi II a t e. Mfcicjra MeTBepa, eflsa noHBHBiaacb aa 
cneHy, HaHHBaiOT noAparaaaTb ■ 3m6khmb oiepTaHBHMH cjiHBaiOTCx b mcmto 
OAHOo6pa3HO-Kxmaia.ee; jibhbh, BApyr np«JioMHBiuBci> Be HyatHO, npaiyAJmao 
3axx6aexca b apa6ecxa; apa6ecxa BJiexyr apa6ecxa, nepecexaiOT apyr Apyra, 
bumbjuu H3 MHorocjiOBKB xaxae-TO BOBce He ayxHue nponxca a aaBecrabie 
BceM: o aayxe, xyjiwype a t. a. 

IJeJiux nxTH8AuaTb CTpaHau MbicireHHbix TpeBeTaaaa, MbicjieHHbix crpe- 
mrrejnaMX 6ercTB b Bpaineaaa bo Kpyry. 

Ho xaxofi xe cxeJieT b stom MbicjieHHoa Tpenere? 

J^-poM mTe&BepoM uecnpaBCAJiflBO npaaaxea Hmotoh; HecnpaseAJniBO 
coeAKHaeTCH c Teie oh b stom nyHXTe. Tere npocTBTejibHO Ha 3ape acTexinero 
Bexa OTBpamaxbca ot aexauBHecKHX npeffcraBJieHaa; A-py HheaHepy aenpocTB- 
Tejo>HO 3-ro: paAOBfcie juuiib (paaaxa rpy6o-HyBCTBeaao sepaT b 6birae (pa3anec- 
xax npaHBBBOB; reaaajibBbie ax TOBapama ranoTe3apyiOT npaauanu, He 
o&bacHax XBjieaaa, ho hoahbhxx ax yraJDrrapHtm norpe6HOCTHH qejioaexa. 
4aaaxa nocrynaet co3HaTejn.no, npespamaa b xojiaiecTBa xanecTBa; cjieAycT ee 
ynpexaTb, «rro AOJiroe speaa He bo seen oaa nocrynajia c Taxoa DecnoinaAHOCTMO. 

(Paaaxa BJiacTByeT hba MaTepaajiaita 3bbbbx; o&bacHeaHe aaxepaajiOB 
HeaaxHo; arro aaaioT booth (Bepxapa); BOo6me, Bee 3aaiOT sto: A-py UTiea- 
Hepy oAHouy HeseAoao sto. Oitoto-to ob njianeTca Ha aGcTpaxuaa (paaaxa; 
(paaaxa ero xajiofiaa B-ropaTb hc CTaaeT, npoAOJixax "luipmaTt" (tie!) 
GecnomaflHO npapoAy, fflTeaaep 3anyrajicx b nojieaaxe c (paaaxoa. 

<X>H3BKa "a p e c c b p y e t" (aic!) ajuieBax, hc o6%xcaxeT hbjichbb; nepso- 
npHHBHaiu He 3aaaHaeTCx ohb bobcc. Te xajieHax, KOTopuMB opyAyeT (paaaxa 
b o6aAy Bceay nneaHepaxacTBy, o6i>xcbbuim paajiaHBbuta yraaita apetutm: boa 
yrjioa apeHax juo6bb, a He bjwctb, 3to AeJiaeT TeTe. "JJ, em (paaaxa: 
3 h a t b, ito6 npeABHAeTb, ipefliHA'Tk, h t o 6 xax hoxho 
npoisee 0BJiaAeTt;AeBH3 r e t e: 3 h a t b, ito6u c o 3 a a t b 06- 
pas;co3AaTb o6pa3, H10611 xax m oat ho nponuee nojuo6»Ti". 

"CveiuiBii coaepineHHo pa3Jia>iHbie 3 a a a m a (paaaxa 
a rCTCiECiBi, IIlTCHuep nonaA>ei Bnpocax a, Aonycxaa ae 
raBOTeTBMecxa, a no-CBoeay anoAaxTaHecxa Ba6paqaoH- 
Hoe ABBxeHae b cbctobom a Bf-n chii, loaopn, hto nine- 

244 



h h e 3to b npocTpaHCTBe oh, ELI t e h h e p, mot 6u, paayaeeTcii, 
yBHfleTb, ecjiH 6 bi ero rjias 6 bi ji cootbctctbchho oprimao- 
in". 

"DlTeiiHep 6 j> e t c h ian p i>i 6 a o 6 Jie^ nuiaicb n p o 6 h t b - 
ch k pasfle jiitc jibHoa (popMyjie o Tctc a o uayiHoS <pu- 
Ji«t" M . 

MeTa(pB3H<mo, pejmraoaHO npeacraBJieHHe cseTa y TeTe. fl-p IIlTefiuep ace 
Bna^aer b a6cypA h yTBepacaaeT: cbct aait aaa b HenocpeflCTaeHHOM socnpa- 
htbb. 'Tfle iaH? B kbkom BocnpniBa?" — sociunmaeT MeiHep 
■ 3aKjnoHaeT: yTBepxAemte «-pa nTrabiepa npoTBBope<arr — 3JieMeuTapueB- 
mea (pn3HKe. 

Bot b ace, hto bo3mobcho HamynaTb b MbicjurrejibHOM TpeneTe, BMeHyeitOM 
Ba»Ho: "r e t e a $h3hk a". 

B cyiqHOCTH, OTBeT mhoio «aH Bcefi rjiasoi "Gieioiaa icopii r e t e". 

§ 142. Tpor«T«fibHO« cornacu* 



IIoBTopio eiqe pas otot 
ipn-BTaMB B3 a-pa UTreiiHepa: 

Me t Hep: 
J^-pou IffreBHepoM aecnpaBCAJiBBo 
npBHBaceH HbiOTOH; BecnpaseAJiBBO 

BOCABBHeTCH C TcTe OH B 3T01I HyHKTe. 

Ttre npocTBTejn.HO Ha 3ape HCTeiane- 
po sexa OTBpamaTbCH ot aexaHHHec- 
kmx npeAcraBJieHBB. jPj-py EIIrentHepy 
HenpocTHrejibHO aio. 



MblCJICHHUH TpenCT, COnpOBOXflBB ero 

*■' 
^-pIIlTeHHep: 
"Tax xapaKTepB3yetio... pasBBTae Ha- 
yKB o KpacKax: no 18 crojieTiw 3Ta 
Hayxa paccMaTpHBajiacb cpmiococpa- 

MB... Ko BpeueaH HblOTOHB 3MBH- 

CHnnpoBajiacb oua... ot cpBJioco- 

(paa"***. 

"JStfuaim coxpaHHTb nyx. b hhctotc 

nyTen crpororo pa3AeJieaBB neatly 

hiii a npspoAOB... OflyxoTBopeHaeM 

npapoflbi SoHJiBCb HaTypajiasapoBaTb 

nyx. Tan npoB30injio, hto b 17 crojie- 

TBB o6pa3 BbUILIieHBH )ieXBHBI^B3Iia 

nojryHBJi pacnpocTpauemie b ofrbac- 
HeHBB npapoflw"****. 
"Her rpaHHin.1... Meatfly npapoflOH 
a Ayxoa, MexaHBHecKBH a «pa3BHec- 
khu. Tbkob cnoco6 paccMOTpeHB* <pe- 
uoxeuoB, hto Mbi bx pacnoJiaraeM 
a BSBecTHoro pofla KaTeropHajibBbix 

HOHBTBHX 



• Pol 1 . 120. 
*• PoI\ 122. 

•••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 249. 

••••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 225. 

GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 293. 



245 



M e t h e p: 
PflAOBbie jiHim. (pasaiCB rpy6o-nyBCT- 
BeBHO Bepjrr b 6i>rnie <pa3BHecKax 
npanmniOB; reHHajtbHbie hx Tosapa- 
nni nmOTH3HpyK)T npauipmbi. 

MeTHep: 
reBnajo>Hi>ie CpHSHXH Re o6i>hchhiot 

HBJieHBfl, HO nOflTHHJHOT HX yTHJIH- 

TapHbm noTpe6HocTHM nejiOBexa; (pa- 
3Hxa BAacTByeT H&n MaTepaajiauB 
3hohhji; ooiacHeane iiaTepHajioB He- 
BaatHo. <X>H3BKa ApeccapyeT aajieioM, 

He o6*HCHHeT BBJieHHS. 



J3( - p III t e fi h e p: 
"MapaoTT BnaAaeT b omaGicy... iiaTe- 
MaTHiecKHX 4>h3bkob: jihhhb b npo- 
CTpaHCTBe... ciHTaeT aa o6pa3 peaju.- 
uoS cym". 

fl-p UlTeHHep: 

"Map o6t,BCHHK>T He OCMBICJIHBaHHeM 

ipeHOiieHOB aiapa, ho Boccos^aHaeu 
o6pa3a ^eacTSBH, ajia noBTOpeHHeii 
b om.rre"*. 



MeTHep: 
<X>H3HKa nocrynaeT co3HaTeju»HO, npe- 
Bpainaa b xojomecTBa xa^ecTBa; CJie- 
flyeT ee ynpexan, hto flonroe Bpeiii 
He bo sceii OHa nocrynajia Tax Gecno- 
maAHO. 



3 - p EI t e a h e p: 
"Mil Moaceii OTo6paacaT* o6pa3HO to, 
hto BocnpauaMaeM mm, iioxeii Bee 
3to mi>i o6jieKaTi> b itaTeiiaTHHecKae 
(popiiyjibi. Mm He aojibchm jihihi. 
c jrHHHHMH a (popityjiaMH... onepapo- 
BaTB Tax, xax 6yflTO 6m ohb Gmju 
caMHMH Bemam"**. 



MeTHep: 
Bee 3to 3HaMT; A-py DlTeHHepy He- 
BeAOiio 3TO. Ottoio-to oh njianeTCH 
Ha aGcrpaxinai (|>H3HKa; <pB3HKa ero 
jKajioGaa BTopan. He CTaHeT. IQTea- 
Hep 3anyTajiCH b CBoea nojieiiaKe 

C (pBSBKOB. 

MeTHep: 
IlepBonpBHaHaHa (pH3Hxa He 3aHHMa- 

eTCH BOBCe. 



jD[-p UlTeHHep: 
"Phaom c aMnnpiraecKOH jiexanaKoa... 
cymecTsyeT iiexaHHKa panaoHajii.- 

HOH, KOTOpaH, HCXOAB... H3 npBpOflil 
MeXBHHHeCKBX OCHOBOHOJlOWeiOIH 

a priori, bmboaht HeoGxoABiiocTb 



JJ,-p DlTeBHep: 
"Pasjianeiuie npaiaHbi ot neaciaua 
npoacxoflBT BHyTpa Hainea paccyaon- 

HOB fleHTejIiHOCTH"****. 



•GNS. IV Band, E. A. 299. 
••GNS. Ill Band, 430. 
•••GNS. I Band, LXXHI. 
••••GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 372. 



246 



M e t n e p: 
Te HBJieHHH, KOToptiMH opyAycT 
tpBSBxa b o6nAy Bceiiy urrefiiie- 

pHHHCTBy, OObHCHHMbl paSJIBHHMMB 

yrjiaMH 3peuiu. 

MeiHep: 
"^eaii3 (|ih3hkh: 3uaTb, hto6m npe«- 
tmntrrb, npeABBAen., «rro6bi xax mow- 
bo npoHBee oBJiaAera; aesaa TeTe: 

3BaiI>, HTOObI C03A&TI> o6pa3, C03AaTfc 

o6pa3, hto6w xax hoxho npoiaee no- 
jno6»Tfc"**. 



J\-p niteHHep: 
"MHoropaajnrcBe KopexraTCx b MHoro- 
paajaiHBB iistpa paccyAKa. Tyx ocse- 
iqaeTCB uaM h paajmnne b pa3BBTHn 
HayMutrx mctoaob"*. 

JS,-p DlTeHHep: 
"Ten OTJiHiaMTCfl npoueccbi npa- 
poAM ot fleiicTBHa nejioBeica, «rro... 
3aKOB paccMorpHM, Kax cjiy*te6Haa 
noAOCHOBa 6brrH« b HBJiemni; xeacAy 
Tex xax npa aroii caMO 6birae 
— 3axoH n . "3to ecTt aeHCTBHe cbo- 
6oaw"'**. 
"^eacTBOBaTB no coGctbchhoh sojie, 

SHaHHT AeBCTBOBaTb H3 

jiio6bh"»***. 



MeiHtp: 
"CueniHBaa coBepmeaao pa&nBHBbie 
sa^aHH iJib&bxb h leTeaBCiBa, Dlrea- 
Hep nona^aeT Bnpocax..." "DlTeHHep 
6fceTca, xax pw6a 06 Jiefl, nbiTaacb 
npo6BTi>ca x paaaejnrrejiiHofi tpopiiy- 
at o Tere b o Hay«moH <pH3HKe"*****. 



3-p DlTeHHep: 
'Texe HBHBBaeTca tbii, mt cpa3Bxa 
xoHHaer". 
"CoBepinemio noBepxHocnio... mibo- 

pHTfc 06 OTHOineBHH TtTe x HuoToay 
B COBpeMeHHOH <|>B3BKe B npH 3TOM Be 

AyiiaTb, hto 3to Ase cosepuieBHO pas- 
awe Benn*"******. 



Memep: 
I' DlTeHHep Aonycxaer He rBnoreTBHec- 

KB, a anOABKTBHeCKB CBCTOBOe ABBXe- 

BBe b npodpaHCTBe. 



fl-p IIlTeBHep: 
n Kojie6aHBB acpapa cyn.... o6pasbi... 

KOTOpbIM AOJI2KBO COOTBeTCTBOBaTb... 

xaxoe-TO 6brrae no Ty CTopoHy coaep- 

BCaBBB BOCnpBBTBB' 



,»•••»••• 



Memep: 
niTefiHep yrBepacAaeT, hto caeT huh 

R/tB B HenOCpCflCTBeHHOM BOCnpBHTBB. 



D,-p DlTeHHep: 
"Cbct, xax tbkobob:... 

bbabm"** ******. 



•GNS. II Band, XXXI. 
«'Por. 119. 

•••GNS. H Band, XLV, XLVI. 
••••GNS. nBand. XLVm. 

•••*• Por. 122. 
...... GNS m B.jj xxx^ 

•••••••GNS. IV Band, Z. A. 12. 

GNS. m Band, 219. 



247 



M e t h e p: fl-p IDIieHEep: 

IIpeACTaBJieinie cseTa Mrra<pn3ii>iHO "CseT h iuu... y TeTe cjieayeT 6paTb, 
y Terte. ksk... ayxoBHbie cymHOCTn"*. 

Bee. 
HeTBepTaa rjiaaa mhoh pa3o6paHa. • 



1 143. Tojihm 

rjiasa n«Taa**. 

Moxho el nociimm Be qahh aecaroK a6aaueB; ■ — uoxho 3aiuThca: 
nepe<racjiemeit tojikob; hx ace nepevcjnm; hx pa36op — TOjraex: asropa 
■ iteai Ha aaTpoHyrax, pa3o6paHHbrx TeHax. B nepBOM 3axBJieHHe nnm asTopa 
bobo: A-p DlreHHep ot BHTajimua onieaceBaji TeTe — npasmibHO; ho, KOHe<mo, 
aanyranca; b hcm 3anyTajica — nonjm> bcbosmobcbo. Abtop 6px>3rjiHBO lcaca- 
ercji B033peBa« Teie Ha CHJiy; bhc hohhthh o Heft noHarae opraHH3Ma y Teic: 
HaaaAaHHe nepe6RaaeT 6pH>3rjncBOCTb. 

m~p DlTeHHep TeTesy iiohhthio "opiaaiaM" nocsBmaeT 74 cTpamujbi 
nenrraoro mpHtpra; h — cepwo xomieHTapHeB. AsTop, hx He npoHTH, paa- 
paacaerca BUXpaxoM.* TeTe — 

— "ocyflHJi... BCHXyio MOHHCTHiecxyio nyTaHHuy" 
(A*ace oe.jiaioin.yio xy/ia-TO mar Bnepen. ot BHTajmaiia)***... 

— Abtop "xouy-To" 
aa "mto-to" "xyfla-To" rpoairrca. "K to" — fl-p DXreKHep. "K y « a" h "3 a 

ht o" — HeUaBeCTHOCTH. 



| 144. B KOTOpbM, B KOTOpMfi!.. 

CTpaHHua cio TpHflqaTt BTopaa. 
B KOTopuH pa3! — o6BHHenHe: — 

— AxpHTHHeCXHH fl-p DlTeHHep (b koto- 
pui paa!) ne 3Ha« (b xoToptrS pa3!), hto m exannxa orpaHHHena xpHTHinuMOM; 

npaHXTHBHOCTk B DOHHIiaHHH MeXaHHRH TBepflHT Ce6e aBTOp BBCTByeT H3 

Mecra ero xhhth o TeTe. 

DIo OTHomeHHio k 3axoHy (Meatfly npo<aui, MexauHwi), «-p DlTeH- 
Hep — b KOTOpua pa3 MHe ccwJiaxbCB Ha 3T0? — BbipaacaeTCB Tax: — 



•GNS. HI Band, XXIX. 
•*Pol\ BaTajmsif, amojoemmauaau, uexammasu ■ lieroA Ttrte, 129 — 163. 
••• PoT. 131 

248 * 



— "Ero 3H a in ji oct b... noatei tojilxo 
6i>iti> veiOAiiecioi 3h»iimociihi"'. 

H b KOTopbrit paa — aanoMRBaTb: hto iiexauaxa orpaHnneua "xpii- 
TBUH3i<oii", fl-p DlTefiHep ocBeaomieu; aBajwaTHJieTaeif pajiee oh na- 
caji: — 

— "MapaoTT iianiei b oma6xy... iiaTeiiaTHHecxax <pa- 
iixob: jiibbr b npocT p a hctbc... chut a ct oh oSpaaoii cyia 
peaJifcHon".** 

B xo-ropua paa! 

Ynpex Hcnapaerca amropoii nocjie a6aau.a o c a ji e: Tere npoTBBOnocTaBBJi 
noHxraoo "opr«BH3n" inwme "cajia". JJ-p IHTeaHep «e oteinaBaeT 
"oHJiy" MexaHHXH c "xisicrboi chjioio". UpaMBTBBBOCTb b noHBOia- 

HHH MeXaHHKH BBCTByeT at 13 196-B CTpaBBBbl GW. 

Ha CTpaHane 196-a GW. aaKaHHHBaerca rjiaBa; aa 3tob crpaaaue aanena- 
Taaa ncero o/nia <ppaaa. 
H — bot 3T8 (ppaaa: 

— "K uexaHHHecKHif npeflCTaBJieuaHB 
npi6eraeT r e t e nocioJiiKy, nocxojibxy e ji y loaBOJiieici 
9io nyieu Ha6jnofleBBi". , 

Yxasaao: orrpaHHHeHxe Mexaaaxa or (paaaxa co6crBeHHO — b <pa3axe 
Ten, corjxacHO Ta6jiau.e rpaflauaa (TeTeBcxoa, a He a-pa mreaHepa). 

^eTajibHoe o&bxcBeHHe stoto nymcra BCTpenaeT aac: — 

— B Bonpoce o toii, no ecra: 1) ua6jnofleHiie, 2) iiexaiiBKa, 3) ee 
OTHomeHHe x <pB3aice, 4) onur. 

IIpexAe neu paapemaTbcx or 6peveHH HpesaTbuia tppasaaa, aocamnini 
tmn nparosopoB, cneflyrr auaTb, <*> neu naineim,; BBane <ppa3bi o6peueuaT 
6apa6aHHyio nepenoHxy — coTpBceaaeii soaayxa. 



§ 145. n«TM« n*p«n«BM: imc«h, n«Tbix h* paa... 

^ajn>me — neiue nepeneBbi: neceH, nponeTux He pas (fl-p IHTea- 
■ep — ocMbicjuuaeT, flapBaHasapyer, rexxejinpyeT TeTe — BHe 3bojhoubb), 
— neceH pa3o6paHHbrx; CHosa nexbie nepeneBbi (ecTecTBOsaanae BBe TeTe, 
BpoTotpCBOneH — Bflea, ApacTorejib, cpaanxa, Tere — OTrpaaBneabi Apyr ot 
JB>yra) — nepenesu neceH, nponnux He pa3. 

Bee — pa3o6paHO mbomk 
< HoBoe — TyMaBHeamee paccyatfleaae o npocrore a o cjiohchoctb a ny3bi- 
taunaaH auajionu k 3aTpoayTbiii Teiiaif . 

Ctoht jib pasGapaTb? ^yuaio — Her. 

Box a see, hto etntb b wiaae naroa: mecraa, BOCbMaa — paaoSpaHM 
V oCTaiOTca: ceflbaaa, fleBaraa a nepsoe npBJioaceHae. 



•GNS.n Band, XXXI. 
"GNS. IV Band, E. A. 316. 



* 249 



§ 146. ycTafioerM "pyccKoro uiT«MH«pHaHMa"... 

B npmioHceHHH nepsoM TpaxryeTca M oxxy jiithim". IIomhio, 
Koraa-TO no aapecy B03HHKaBamx "B e c o b"** raaeTW nacajia, «rro coTpyAHaxa 

B03HBKaBIHBX "BeCOB" nOBBHTCB Ha yjDUie B BblBOpOHeHHblX HaH3HaHKy 

oAeacAax; toh aBTopa no aflpecy "oKKyjiiiH3M«" CTopoHHHKOB n-p* HItch- 

Hepa (cTOpOHRBKOB BOoSme H CTOpOHHBKOB pyCCKHx) Be OTJIHHaetCH OT Kor- 

fla-TO 6wBinero jioayara: "Bea". BbminHe ACKaaeHTM Tenepi. — nacaTeJia 
pyccxae; ax yx He 6mot, ho JiosyHr ocTajica: cTapaHHeairjHH jio3yHr! 

Tempora non mutantur 41 . 

y^eaBe fl-pa IDxeJbiepa aasaaHo: "cse-roHocHbia Knnyju.CB3if". IIo nosoay 
"ayxoBHoro o x a" a "c b e t a" — neJiaa apjiexHHaAa rpaaac; Ha npnrjiameHBe 
nyfuraxH k onjieaaHBK) a aaymemno "a e x a a e h t a" juoah cepbeaHwe ueKorfla 
AaaajiH cobct tracaTejuM pyccxaa MOJrwm.: OTBetaTi. 6mjio 6u HeaocTOHHO. 

AsTopoM BbiBopaHasaeTca y pyccKoro nneaaepBaHua "ayipo"; a npa- 
rJiamaerca ny6jiBKa: nocMOTpen, «rro Tan AeJiaerca; MOAHue ncaxaaTpbi 
xoroa-TO ■nrrajai AOKJiaAU noflODHOro poA* o pyccxax nacaTejiax. "0 k k y ji i» - 
net", noABepraeicuB lieAHXO-ncHxojionraecxoB 3KcnepTHae ny6jiaiHO, 
— ito uoaceT oh cflejia-n.? MojroaTfc. Pyccxae "irrreaHepHaHUM" asTO-py Ha 
"oxxyjn.Tn3M" He otbctht: a nocjieayio ax npauepy: o6xoaty iiojraaHaeii 
"3aKJiKJHeHHc"a"npajio«eHBe nepsoe". 

§ 147. CMMBOf1H3M 

IIo noBOAy "caMBOJiH3Jia" aaaeny. 

CHMBOJiaajfe b Poccaa 6ojiee Apyrax nacajia: Baiecji&B HaaHOB a a; 
CHMBOJiaauy aaTopoM ao cbx nop He nocBameno cneutaajn.Hi.ix nccjieAOBaHaa'", 
"c a a b o ji a 3 m" — cnenrao MoGajiasapoBaH nporaa A-pa JHTeaHepa a "p y c - 
ex or o inTeiae paaHE(a", c "cbm bo jib 3mom" 6ojiee Hen SHaxoiioro. 

Ainop noiruuicx HaBCTpeny aexoTopuii H3 "cbmbojihcto b"; noyieinie 
"cHMBOJiHCTaM" o "cauBOJiB3Me" — aojixho 6biTb 6e3ynpe«HH.m: 
"chmbojibsm" AOJiaceH 6uib ash ottoi-jibbo: o "c a u b o ji a 3 >i e" sce-Taxa 
KHara ecu,. 

"Cbmbojibsm" ecn>: bjib onpeAejieHHoe HanpaBJienae, hjih "cjiobo", 
ynorpeojiaeiioe jnootiM nacaTejieu a npoB3BOJa.HOM a cjiynaaHOM orceince; 
HanpasjieHae "ciiiBOJiisna" — HanpaBJienae HanaJia XX Bexa; "cjiobo" 
ate crapo, xax nap; a BaxTua b "cjioBe" cbmbojoum — TopaHejuiaesa nycio- 
ia**; npBHxme caMBOjm3ua, xax cymiu Bcex 3aHBJieuBB o cbmbojib, nycro, 
xax... "cjiobo". Or xaxoro ace "cbmbojib 3 Ma" BbiCTynaeT Ham as-rop: ot 
"nycToro cjiobb" hjih or HanpaBJieHaa? 

no-BHAHMOify — BbiciynaeT or cjiobb. 

Ha oabob cTpaHHue uoa cbmbojim3mom hm pa3yMeeTca caMBOJiBHecxaa 
npeACTaBJiaeMoCTb Kama**; ua CMeacHOB — neHTpaju.Hi.iB chmboji pejiHraa 47 ; 
paaee (parypapyer: nJinpo-jiyo-HOBB3]i; a no3AHee — BupaaceHae Te- 
JU.Mroja.i«a: "OmymeHBa opraaos nyacTB cyn AJia sac... 

250 



TOJIbKO CIKBOJI fcl" 4 *. CHMBOJIB3MI.I — no3HaflaTejn.Hi.ifi, iieTa<pB3Biec- 

kbb, (J)H3iiojionpiecKHfi, pejianio3Hi»iB — ciiemaau b oflHy Kyny: MCTOflHHec- 
xax rpaAaipu hx h BOBce oTcyrcrByeT. 
B CBoe BpeiiH nacaji a: — 

"Mil AOJDKHM OTJDMaTI. IIOHHTHe O CltMBOJie, 

khk npeaeJie BcrcecKax nosaaaaB b TBopHecra: 

1) ot caMoro Cbmbojui (Chmboji HenosHasaeM, aecoTBopBM, BCHKoe 
onpe/jejieHHe ero ycjiOBHo), 

2) OT CHMBOJIHMeCKOrO eflHBCTBa, 

3) OT HOpMBTHBHOrO nOHHTBH O UeHHOCTH, 

4) ot MeTOAOJiorHMecKoro bobbtbh o ueaaocTB, 

5) ot o6pa3a CmiBOJia, 

6) ot KeBTpaJibHMX cbmbojiob pejmniH, 

7) ot cnMBOjnmecKHX o6paaoB nepeacBBaaaB, 

8) ot xyAoxcecTBeaBbix chmbojiob*. 

H gajiee x nacaji: "Cam Chmboji, kohchho, ae chmboji; noHHTHe o Cbmboju, 
xax b o6paa ero, cyn. chmbojim OToro Cbmbojui; no oTHOineBino k hum ob ecn. 
Bonjioujeaae" * * . 

Bupaxax b bhmx TepMaaax: MeTaMop(po3bi HAefi b npoeKipnt hohhthh 
■ MOOB(pRKaiiHn "toihob (p a h t a 3 h h" TeTe — apoeiuiBB npoTO-TBrxa, kbk 
OBMBOJiBHecKoro eflHHCTBa. IlapajuieJTBSHpyH HCTaMop(po3y HAefi (Fereju.), 
ueTauop(po3e pacTeaaa (Tere), «-p niTeaaep b cyinaocTa pa3yiieeT Bee to ace. 

O Teiejie a nacaji: — 

— "MeTa(pH3HKa Terejia o Gochobmb a Jia 
TpoaCTBeaaocTb..; ocaoBaHBB MeTacpHSHK $rxtc, HlejiJiBH- 
ra, rerejiH noHiTBtf. H gajiee: "Bmccto toto, itoSh iobiti 

0I1IBOJI131I BCHHeCKOB MeTa(pH3HKH, Oil BCHHCCKHB CBM- 
• 0JIH3M... BHBOflHJIH 13 II e T a (p B 3 B K b"***... 

Ckojtbko ycBjiBB 6wjio nojioaceBO "cixBOJinciav a", hto6 "c b m b o - 
nisii" ot ueTa4>B3BKB OTTpaHHHHTi.; aBTop, b JiyHineM cjiynae, TainaT 
^Cioi" cbmbojtb3m — b MeTa<pB3BKy; b xyflineM cjiytae ero cpa3y cawaeT 
— aa neTtrpex aecoasMepaHbix rarrax: Ha Teopmo 3HaHBx, MeTa<pa3BKy, 
AaaaojiOTBio a pejinrnio, Biiecro Toro hto6m abti. rpaaaitmo caMBOJiasMa. 
yeiaBOBJieHBX) rpaAaijHH a jiocbhthji inecTHCOTCTpannHHyio KHHry: aBTop 
N ae HHTaji. AsTop B3bntaeT k "ciusojiiiuy KpiimecKOMy"'*", 

OAHHHaAaaTHJieTHeM paaee x rjacaJi: — 

— "Ckojii.ro 6 m hi HanaAa- 
JIB aa ipaHCiieHfleHTaJiiHyw aaaJiBTBKy, mm — chmbojih- 
Itu — ciBTaeM ce6a... laioBauxi acthih bcjiixoio kcbi- 
le6epicKoro (pa jioco(pa"*****. 



* CrafBOJIH3M 4 ', 132. 

** Cbi(bojib3u, 133. 
•••Chmbojhuu, 96. 
••••Pol". 190. 
***** Coiuojiimu, 21 (cTaTta "KpHTnnnau a Chiuojih3m", HaneiaTaBHa* b "Becax" 
1904 riwa). 

251 



Torfla xe oroxopajica a: — 

— "B noiaaHii b a e a mm aiieev a e ji o 
c noiuamev ■iTyiiiiiHua'', — to een. a roBopiui B ayxe A-pa 

DlTeBBepa, ..."CH MBO J1H 3M, pO W A eHHtlH K p B IB U. B 3 M O M, B HpO- 

TBBonojiosHOCTb nocjie«Hciiy ciaBoinca xasaeHHuii 
h e i o a o a", — to ecu, a yTBepacAaJi "c t a h o b ji e h h e", — "oflimaKOBO 
OTJiBnaacb x ot floru aTH nec«: oro SMniprnva, h ot otbjk- 
HCBHoro ipiTamam npeoAOJiesieu ioio a apyroro"*. 

To ecnv: a yTBepxcAaji b Ayxe A-pa nrreaaepa, KorAa 3tot nocjieflHHH 
ABaAiiaTiJieneii p a h e e nameT o TeTe: 'T e t e pasjiinaeT ipi 
netofla... IlepBua ecu iictoa o6mero sunipima... B npo- 
TBBOBec euy paqaoaa jihih o6paiyei cjie ay wmy hj... ciy- 
neHb... Tot a apyroi uerou ciiiaet oflHO CTop ohho cti,k> 
reie""... Torfla ate npaoaBBJi a: — 

— "B 3tom" — to ecn. b npeoflOJieHHH 
ammpmam a a xpaTauasM a — "a aas juoiaexca nepeac hb a eMMH ne- 
pexaji cosiibii". 

^BaAUaTBJieTHCH pauee A-p DDbeiaHep npaGasBJi: — 

— "06a nyiH, 
o6iqero aanapasaa a pauaoaa jiB3ua, cyn ajih TeTe jihibi 
npoxoABMbie nyanu'"". 

IIpaaBaHHeii cxxaa c KamoM "lyauypHoro ciBBOJiiiBa" noc- 
JieAHBB a Be npaxJieaBaji k KaBTy, xax uaorae nojiarajm oiohSoiho, a yTBepat- 
AaJi Heo6xoABMOcn> pa36opa KaBToaa cipoa uticjiefi pyccKBMB cBMBOJixcTaMa; 
a IYre bcai. "laiiBiecKB" croaii: aa KaaTBaucKyio napTBio; npH3uaex 
3H«Heaae Kauria, xax Tsopna. Teopaa aaaHaa, b A-p EDreBaep. IIpasaaBaa 
CBaafc c KaBTOM, tcm bc aeaee a mean — ABeBaAHaTBJieiaeM paaee: — 

— "A<j>o- 
pa3M... — moct k caMBOJiy. 3tbu koctoh m e ji Hiume ot 
xpiTiKBim k CHMBOJiH3My. B a (p o p a 3 a a x aepHO — cbm- 

BOJIBHHO, a BBeiBBOCTIt pa3yMH8... YieBBt C BWXOAHBH 

B CBMBOJIB3H flMCCT HeCKOJIbKO 30B BOIIBaHIB. B HCB y XC e 

ecu, BiyipeBBii nyTi."**""*... 

nHcaji — npa&naaBiejifcBO bio ace Bpeiia: "II 03 a a eic kacb, bo3boab 
o6pa3 k CBMBOJiy... Tcbi Bflei — BOBsiae""'". IlBcaji: "Hflea 
— npoiBJicHie 6oacecTBeBBbix aaiajq..jiAei oioxaccibjichu 
c AeBXTbio aarejiiiCKBMB hbh aMx"******. Hnacaji A-p EttreaHep: — 

— AipopasM 
"a to — ■ (popM a, xoTOpyio Bbi6nparai facio aa sucoiaBBiix 



* CxtouijnfSK, Tau ate. 
" GNS. D Band, XXXDC 
•••GNS. HBand, XL. 
**** Apafacxx**, 230. Graru "Kparxmuu h Chmbojui3m'\ BaneHaTaHHaa BnepBbic 
a xtypHBUie "M x p H <;«y cctb a" 1904 roAa. 
••»"Apa«ec«x, 239. 
ApafacKx, 122. * 

252 



BepinHHa x"*. "Hcthhi.1, npkHaflJiewamae x qejioft c»cieiie 
Boupeni... DOHineuu npaBiJiiuo A jib toro, kto oiaato- 
m*jicb co scev... xpyioii BOJSptHKB"". 

"HcTBHy npxauaioT jum rotaa, xorAa... ee nocraraiOT b ee bocctbhhh 
b *gHflHBHflyyne"***. 

B npOBHKHOBeHHH CBMBOJtHTCCKOM MM, HO A"Py IHTeHHepy, "BeCKOHCH- 

noe nocTiueii »oicnHy"" M . 
H roBopaT fl-p IIlTeiraep: — 

"M OXHO 3 h a T B, k a K B CMblCJie K a H - 

t«, rpaaiuu io3Ho«Horo gojaaiiBii 3Aeci» nepeaAC.HM... 
— ■ Bce-Taxa,Bonpexa b c e m y a t o ji y, « a « e... nosioiiy idchho, 
sa co6oa npaaaaTi. npaso Hanicaii noAo6ayio KBmy"*"". 

H yTBepsKAUO ■: — 

— "Myflpeqa noijieiet 3a hhuhi iiucjiji- 
Ma... CyiqeciBtHBoe otjihiic new Ay hhm h Aypaxov 3a- 
iJiwiacTci b ton, iio a flypaK rosopii yMBue seiqa, ho 
npi 3TOM iiieici rjiyntiM"******. 

Eme ne<tajnaee nojioxeabe Toro, kto nepe«on: "II epeiiTeni." — ae- 
eaocHee scex. C urropoM m noaTOMy 6oJiee "up enipaTici" He crany ; 
■ — 3aKpi>iBaio noJieuHKy: aoboju.ho mm npepexajiaci.. 



1 148. ToncTbtA tommk 



Pyfipaxa a noApy6paxa, opooxmae HanaAeHaa aBTopa Ha Maonie 

«OTOT OTpBAOB, HaCKB03>> OflHOpOflHM; OAHOpOAHO HeCeTCH 3a TCKCTaMH A-pa 

IfUhfliaepa BMCOXorajiaHTJUiBUa axrop, cxaHAHpyx ooBaHeaax Ha OAHHaxoBbrii 
1. He Honaoaer, a... — aP*3hbtcx a cosnaeT Kajun6ypi»i; b saJiu Haytatix 
Spaaaa Kajian6ypti He bbochtcji, ae CTaHOBXTCH ocuo 061.eMHCTi.rx kkht; ho 
1 oftbenacToa raare o TeTe, TpaKTyjomea A-pa IHreaBepa, Kajiaii6yp TepaeT 
[ HCJO cojiv H3 OKHa AjcaAeiuia anejumpoBaTi, k yjiime, b Axaaeuaia nepeTacxx- 
y|feTi> yJiauy — shboi, bubtb aa yjxaqy. 

*'- EbunyHH cboh> KHary, yBaxaemia aBTop ae BbrroBapHBaji ubicjui, a pa3- 

paaxeaao BuxpaKBBaji mmcjib, a b ntury pasApaxeaaw no3a6i.iJi, «rro aarfccoT 

i|aT>> ochomhbk x narHCTaa TpaAnaTa o6BBHeHBBM — ocTawrca y aBTopa 

1 rojioBe: pyxa, onepeAHBma nocjieAHKMO, npomuiaci. pasApaxceHHo HepHjuia- 

■ — TOJicTua TOMSK ecTb xpax, noAJieacaujai aeTajn.H0»iy onacaKmo 

^orauiOHeHBio rryTCM 6e33Jio6Horo cmcxb (xpax aapaataeT qatraTejia). Onponep- 

. cepheaao, — bct Meera. 



•GNS. IV Band, E. A. 103. 
••GNS. IV Band, E. A. 127. 
•••GNS. m Band, 515. 
••••GNS. m Band, 321. 
•••••Cp. OT. 15. 
•••••• Apafocu, 239. 



253 



BOCnOMMHAHMfl O UlTEftHEPE 




CflMCOK YCJlOBHblX COKPALMEHMfi B KOMMEHTAPMHX 



BtcnoxiBiiii o BenoM — BocnoManaBBji 06 Aonpee Bejioia. M.: Pecny6- 
mu, 1995. 

Bocookiinaa o Ejiokc — BocnoMHnamia o Bjioace. M.: Pecny6jnut«, 1995. 

Hctiii m Hiyn — HlTeHHep Pygojifcd). HcTHHa h aayita. IIocBameHHa 
b UBCTepam. mnoamecicoK aype. CII6., 1992. 

Hciopii A y m ■ — Hcropna ctobobjichhi caicocoaBuoraeB nynm. ABropBSOBaH- 
aaa uamaHoiucii // OP PrB. 4>. 25 (bobms nocTynJieBBa). 

Kpitiia iictoio paayaca — Kur HautaHyaJi. Kpumaa ybctoto paayua. 
M., 1994. 

Marepaaji k 6aorpa^)ii — Bejuia AaApea. MaTepaaji ■ 6aorpa<pBB (bbtih- 
audi) // MaayBinee. Hctopnecna ajiuaaaax. M., 1992. Bun. 6, 8, 9. 

Heaiy nsyx peionnmi — Bejitaa AaApefi. Meatfly Asyx peBOjnosBB. M.: 
XynexecTBeaDiaa jmTeparypa, 1990. 

MaayBinee — MaayBiiiee. HcTopaxecaaa ajiucaaax. M., 1992. 

Ha p y 6 e at e — Bejibrii AsApes. Ha py6eate nayx ctojictbh. M.: XyAoxecTBeaiBax 
jnrrepaTypa, 1989. 

H a * a ji o a e k a — Bejiufi AanpeB. Haiajio BCKa. M.: XyfloatecraeHBaja jiarepaTy- 
pa, 1990. 

H JI O — Hoboc JiBTcpaTypHoe o6o3peaiie. 

OP P r B — Otacji pyaonaceH Pocchbckoh rocyuapcTBCHBOH 6b6jibot«kb. 

Ocbobu lotto mpoaoiipem — Bejitm AHApeB. Ocbobh xoero acapu 
BosspeHHB // JlBrepaTypHoe o6o3pemie. 1995. .Ns 4/5. 

Otbot Bejioicy — Meraep Subjibb. Otbct A. Benouy Ha ero ajinry "PyflOJii.((> 
Blnribaep ■ Teie". M., 1917. — ABTopaaoaaBBU aamnomci, // OP PrB. <D. 167. K. 12 
E«. xp. 4, 5, 6. 

Ovepi taiioiegeaai — mTeaaep Pygojikd). Oqepic TaiaBOBeAeauu. EpeBaii 
Hob, 1992. 

Oiepx TeopatB aoiaaaai — niresBep Pyaojittp. Onepa reopaa noaaaaH* 
rvreacKoro laapoBoaapeaaa — coCTaajwaHbin, npaBauaa bo BaaiiaHBe fflajuiepa. M , 
1993. 

PaaroBopu c T ere — diucepuaa H. II. Paarosopi-i c TeTC a nocjjeflHae roflti em 
amaHB. Epeaaa: AaacraH, 1988. 

PajUfcimjieHBao fete — Meraep 3mhjihh. PaautinuieHBa o rere. M., 1914 

Paaypc k AieaHiay — Beju-m Aflflpea. Paicypc k flHeBHBKy. AsTorpatp // 

prxna. <&. 53. On. 1. e«. xp. 100. 

P r A JI H — Poccbbckbh rocyAapcTBCBBbiB apxBB JEHTepaxypn b acacyccTaa. 

Caetoaaa rpaAan,aa rere — Bejn>iH AnApeH. CaeTOBaa rpaaanaa Terr 
b rpauanBB A-p« HTreaBepa. AaTorpad) // OP PrB. fl>. 25. K. 36. Ea- xp. 4. 

Cbkbojib31i — Bejn.da AaApea. Cbkbojib31c Kaat MBponoBBHaaae. M.: Pecny6jin 
aa, 1994. 

<X>BJioco<pBa c b o 6 o a m — nTreBnep Pyaojikd). Qanocotpa* cbo6oo>i- Epeeau 
Hob, 1993. 

Einlei tungen — RudoLf Steiner. Einleitungen zu Goethes Naturwisgenschaftlichrn 
Schriften // SGA. Bd. I. Dornach, 1973. 

Goethe a Werke — Goethes Werke. In 12. Bde. Berlin und Weimar, 1974. 

GWS — Goethes Werke. Natiirwissenachaftliche Schriften. Hrsg. v. R. Steiner. Rl. 
I— IV, Berlin und Stuttgart, 1884—1897. 

SGA — Rudolf Steiner. Gesamtausgabe. 

536 



KOMMEHTAPMM 

rioflroTOBKa TeKCTa n KOMMeHTapnn 14. H. JlarymuHOH 



"PyflOJlb* UITE&HEP M HETE B MMPOB033PEHMM 
COBPEMEHHOCTM" 



Kaara AaApea Bejioro "Pynojo^) IIIxeBHep ■ rere > MBpoBosapeaaa 
coapeMeaaocTa" (aaJiee "Pyflanwp niTeaaep a Fere") floaecua flo aamero apeMeaa 
oroya ocrpoa aoneMBieeaoB 6opk6u a Poccaa 10-x rr. auaemaero CTOJieTaa aocpyr 
jibiboctb a yieaaa PyAOJiwpa mTeaaepa. IIojieiuiKa ne 6tuia oSieaTaaaoB aarejiJieK- 
TyajibHOa Aacayccaea, ho aocajia aeci.ua apacTpaCTBMB, jmotoctbhh xapaicxep: aeaa- 
Jiacii cyAfc6u, pynnuiack Apyat6u, oneaaa xojie6ajiaci. ot 6cjiob ao lepaoa (cm. 
RdjuMthin V. B. Rusalands Sehnsucht nach Spiritualitat: Tkeosophie, Anthroposophie, 
Rudolf Steiner und die Buuen. Eine geistige Wanderschaft. Schaffhausen, 1988). 

Kaa yaasaao aa TBTyjikaOM JiaCTe Kaara, Bejitia aanacaji "otbbt" aa conaaeaae 
caoero 6bnunero apyra a eABBoaunuieaBBaa no caaaonaiecKOuy ABBateaaio diouiaa 
Kapnoaana Meraepa, pyaOBOAarena KHaroaaaaxejibCXBa "Mycaier", aoapyr xoToporo 
a to apea* cocpeAOTOiaJiacfc jnrrepaTypaaa kiiu pycsxoro caaaojiaaaa. Peit bact 
o Kaare 3. Meraepa "PaaMumuienaa o Tere. Kaara 1. PasSop bstjixaob P. mTeaaepa 
a caasa e aonpocaua apaTaaaaMa, caMBOJiauta a OKKyjiiTaaua" (M.: MycareT, 1914), 
coAepatamea aparaay xpyAoa mTeaaepa o Tere. 

HecaOTpa aa yajieveaae aarpoiiocoipBea oootb iiojiobbbu ijieaoa aaAaTeJifccraa (a 
tom iBCJie b pasaoe apeaa ero {Mlaaaax ppyaeu — Sjuiaca a Bejioro, a oupeflejieHHofi 
Mepe a Bai. Hsaaoaa), Meraep, leJioaeit ao MaoroM panaoaajifcaua a <ryacAMB acaaoMy 
"oaa-yjifcTaaMy" a "MacTanaaMy", otbocbjic* a nTreaaepy BacropoateBBO, aaauBaa ero 
yieBBe "nyuuu peiaua nacropa" (cm. nacufo Bejioro M. K. Mopoaoaoa ot 2-b 
Aeaawu 1912 r. // HJIO. 1994. J6 9. C. 139). IIoaxoMy aa juoSue npasum CAejiaxi. 
B3AaTeju>CTBO aaTponocodteKBU ■ ny&naKOBaTi., aaa coaeTOaaji a 1912 r. Sjuibc, "tojimeo 
mTeaaepa a to, hto oh can ycaster", oa OTaeiaji, «rro "MycareT" aaaorAa ae craaer 
npoaejiarcaBM opraaou oaxyjUTBaaa" (cm.: Buaaux X. Sjijihc a fflTeaaep // H JI 0. 
1994. J6 9. C. 182 — 183). HaopoTBB, kotab aocTopr 3juiaca cmcbbjic* BeroAOBaaaeM 
■ paaotapoaaaaeM a "epeTaae MTeaaepe" a a "aarOBopntaaax-aaTponocodiax" a oa 
a nacuie a Meraepy or 3 dwapajia 1914 r. (OP PTB. <t>. 167. K. 8. Ea. xp. 27—28) 
paaaepayji "nJiaa" 6opk6u c bbmb (Meraep AOJiacea auminun TeTe, Sjijihc — J^aaTe, 
r. A. PaiBBCxaa — Bji. Cojioajbeaa, Ban. HaaaoB — Hoaajiaca, KT0-aa6yAi> aa 
•CTecTBeBBBBOB BoauceT aa ce6a KpaTaay nrreaaepoacKOB aaTypdmjiocodma), Mexaep, 
BaaeCTHufi aaaToa TeTe (aaa roma roBopana n reTBCT n ) a aaBTaaHen., cpaay OTBJiBKaeTca 
a mum unary, tab cbob "paaMbmuieaBa" bba acTeTBKOB a (pajiocodiBeB Tere flonojiHaex 
rjiaaOH o ecTecTaeHHO-Bayinbix sarJiBAax Bejiaaoro noaxa a opraBaayer MaTepaaJi kbk 
apBTBay mTeaaepoBCBoro nonxoaa k n3yieHHjo reTeacxoro Hacjieaaa. 

KorAa a aarycTe 1914 r. 3to coiBaeaae MeTaepa Sumo ony6^aaoaaao a B3flaTejii.cT- 
ae "MycareT", yace Haiajiact Ilepaaa Mapoaaa BOaaa, a Kaara "PaaMbrnmeaaa o TcTe" 
npomjia npam-BiecKa neaaue^eHiiOfl. Jlanib b "Ilacuiax c Ceaepa" — oabob aa peAxax 
peneaiaa b rasere "Easy" (1914) — aocTopaceHBaa Mapas-rra maraaaa (o«na aa 
finaacaaniax coTpyflBan. Meraepa) npoaoarjiacajia TpyA caoero yorrejia "KJiaccanecKau" 
B "nocjie yxoAa Tojicxoro" — "cbubim reeBajibHtiu" aa xex, <rro "onpeaejiaiox co6oh> 

537 



6yn,ymHe nyTH xyjibTypbi", cpaBaajia "qejitm chbk>b<hb cnon bach, iu.ic.neii, o6paaoB" 
KBara MeTBepa c "KpaTaxoa iHCToro paa/yica" Kama, a "BCKjHoiBTejibno npexpacBbiB 
aatut" — c asbixou IOjihb I^eaapa h IlyniKBna. 

BeJibra Haxouanca b 9to apeua b JJopuaxe (IHBeHnapHa), roe npanauaji yiacxue 
a CTpoBTSJibCTBO reTeaayua — aHTponocotpcxoro "xpaua acxyccTB". C aoa6pa 1913 r. ou 
yate BbuneJi H3 cocTasa pe/uucnHH aanaTejibCTBa, ctHTaa, hto tiu cymecxBOBaj] aBiaaBT- 
ponoctxpCKHH 3aroaop (nBCbUO Bcnoro cexperapio "MycareTa" or 9 aoa6pa 1913 r.), 
h c ocera Toro ate 1913 r. npeicpaTiui BcaveCKHe OTUonieHE« c Mernepou, KOTopue h xa« 
6bUiH noaopBBHbi HenpaarHeii mi aHrponococpcKOH aoktpbhm h paaHOrJiacim<n no 
noaony HeitOTopfcrx ny6jiHxainiB, HanpajuieHHBix npoTHB DlTeBBepa b uycareTOBCKOM 
ajiMMHaxe "TpyAM h abb". 

B eo«6pe 1914 r. anara Meraepa "PaauanjieHiu o rexe" 6ujia opBCjiaaa a ^o- 
pHax, a BeJibus c hcb oaaaKouajica. Ho ecjia M. mumm currajia, «rro "xHara Meraepa 
— nepaaa y aac b Pocchh noobrrxa eepbeano paao6paTj> IHTefiHepa", to Bejibia 
BocnpmMJi ee ny6jiaxanHio sax JiH<rayio o6aAy. "Mchb norpac tob khbth: ac&niHbm, 
3JIOH, BanaAaTejibHbni, — aanHrner osuMaTepiiajie x 6aorpa(pBB, — a Baaeji, 
vro nepaaa KBara b Pocchh o noxTope fflTefijaepe pacyeT flOKTopa b yscacHou, Bcxasteu- 
hou bhac; h a noaaji, hto oCTaaJiBTb Taxyio xaary 6ea OTseTa Hejibaa" (M b b y b m e e. 
Bun. 8. C. 413). H Benua npHCTynaeT k "oTBery". XpoHHxy pa6orbi aaA hem mokho 
othctjihbo npocjieflBTb no ero aaueTxau, CAejiannbiu m una 6aorpatpBB. HoxBph 1914: 
"H pasAOObmoio ace, nanacaHHoe noxTopou o Tcre, pa3Ao6biBaK> tomb KjopmnepoBCKoro 
HSAaBBM "NaturwiggeMchaftliche Schriften" TeTe; npnoHicaiocb aayian. rVreB TexcT, 
npHKeiaHBJi nox-ropa, BBOAHTejibHbie CTaTbB '■ ero XBara, nocBanjeBHbie TeTe <...). 
JleraoitbicjieHHOCTb kbhth Memepa ueaa naiHaaeT npocro noTpacgTb. Bucctc c Ten 
nepeflo iihoio paasepTbuiaeTCa BnepBbie KapTHHa lurpou erne Be bobjitoto TeTeBa 
ecTecTB03BaHna, h eme 6ojiee ueaa nOTpacaeT yrjry6jieHHoe B3aTBe Tere noKTopou; 
a HraHin BnepBbie noHHuaTb reTeaacxBe Kopsa aHTponocotpBH a ynapaiocb b npo6jie- 
io>i "ipajiocoipHH aHTponococpBH" (C. 413 — 414). flexaSph 1914: "H aaTuxaiocb b ero 
KBBK Ha pan, rpy6eaniHX npouaxoB b OTBOCBTeJiuao noaaicaHHX TeTe; Tax oh npeBpa-ruo 
TOJUtyeT BAeio y Tere, rpy6eHme cicenmBaeT y^eaHe o npoTO-THne c ynesneu o npo- 
To-(peHOiieHe (nOApoSaee cm. npBuei. — H. JI.); (...) pemaio ne toxo>ko o6opohhti. 
reTBaii QlTefiHepa ot ero aacKOKoa, ho h ynHiToatHTb uernepoBCitoe uoHBuanne TeTe; 
3Baio, iTO 3TOWJ Meraep une ne npocTHT BHKorAa" (C. 416). Hnaapt, 1915: "H Tenepi. 
npHCTajibHO paa6Hpaio KHHry Meroepa a roTOBJiio acKaau ana nepBbix rjiaB uoeii 
otbctbob KHHrH" (C. 425). 9etpaAb 1915: "H norpyaces c yTpa a flo Beiepa b uoio pa6ory : 
namy KHary npoTaa Mernepa, cocTaBJiaia peracTp bo paaJiH«iHbiu sonpocau ueroAo.no- 
raa a Teopaa aHaaaa aa KOioieHTapaeB a TeTesy TeKtrry flOKTopa a b3 acex ero 
BbicaaabiBanHH o rere; y iceHi yace aueeTca orpoimbiB uaTepaaji npoTHB MerBepa; 
caaabuiaa pa3JiaiHbie BbicaaaboiaHHa AOKTOpa BOenHBO, a BbmHKaio H3 sthx BUCKaabiaa- 
aafi oparBBaJlbHefiniBe io>icjih; tbicob ace perBCTp a cocTasjiaio k aaare Memepa; 
BoopyweHHbia 3TH11H perBCTpaioi, a Ha<onaaio nHcaxt; Tax BanacbiBaerca BBOAHTejibaaa 
rjiaaa; aanacbiBaeTca BocjieoBBa tjibbb, KOTopyio a BaocjieACTBaa Hassan "IIpajioweHHr 
x KHHre", bo KOTopaa no nepBOHaiajibnouy aaAanHK) aojiHtHa 6btJia craTb anpou KBHru; 
aanacbuiaeTca rjiaaa, paa6apaioniaa ueTOAOJiorHK) b Teopaio aBaaaa y MeTaepa h UlTeii 
Hepa; OAHOBpeueano: a ycnjienHO pa6oraio naA ycBoeaaeii cbctobob Teopaa I'eTr 
a asyiaio peTynn. x nefi IHreBBepa; pa6oTaK> a 6ea ycxajin — SyxBajibao c yTpa a<> 
ao«ia; pa6oTaio ao flByx iacoB boib; a nocjie ae uory aacHyTb" (C. 426). Mapm 1915: 
"...nacajiacb rjiaaa "CaeTOBaa Teopaa TeTe"; oaa naBajiacb «He ocooeaao Tpynao; ayacun 

538 



6mjio npouycTHTt iepea ce6a 06a roua r<rre; tom Teopaa h toic "Geschichte der 
Farbenlehre"; aajioe hbao Smjio cbcctb k eoBBCTBy cjioatneaiUBH KoujaeHTapaa AOKTopa; 

■ bhbtho B3Jiowjm. KBHTy AOKxopa "Goethes Weltanschauung" caaosb upaauy cocraBHB- 
meroca npeACTaaJieHHa: "CaeTOBaa Teopaa b caere aHTponocoduua" (C. 432). Mau 1915: 
"...a c oco5eHBi.ni atapoa npBHjuica 3a oaoHiaTejikayio o6pa6oTKy b Depenacicy uota 
khbtb <...}. Fa6(yra HajiaauuaJiacb; a OTflejiuaaji CTHJib b oieab yajieKajica nerraniuui 
TeacTa" (C. 453). B umm KHHra Bejioro 6biJia saKoniena b nepenaHa «jia osaaKObuieHaa 
IDT«BBepy. B (Uiycmt 1915 rofla BeJiua msnieT, hto MxeBHep ono6pBJi ero Kaary 
b oco6cbho bmauibji CBCTOByH) TeopHKK "Buna CBeToaaa Teopaa oieai. xopoma!" 
(C. 427). 

IIo xoAy paSoTn Be/nia sbbkokhji c OTpfcmaauB bs khbtb cbobx npysea, a xaxate 
MeTHcpa, nepecensBmeroca a aaujie Ilepaoa uapoBoa mibh b L^iopax a npaeaaiaiome- 
ro BaorAa b J^opaax, a aBTponocotpcayio o6ntHoy, ta« atajm bmorae 6bianiB« coTpyABjuca 
"Mycarera". 

IIepBOHa?ajn>HO MerBep oraeccj a nojieMH^ecitoMy HacTpoeHHio Bejioro anojiae 
jiojuibho; b nacuie ot 9 (peapajia 1915 r., npaSHaaaB, «rro "nejn.3« oTpanaTb bo3kobcbocti> 
oocyBCACHiia BAea, npaHnanoB, npeAnocbUioa, 3aaai, nejiea — b oiacju.hhx o5jiacT«x 
aayu ■ TBopieCTaa", a Aaate m>rraacb "naiteTBTt rpaAymae uojieuroecxae (sachlich) 
BenopaayueBHa, aoroptie, — mmn oh Bejiouy, — HcnopTBT Bamy HHTepecsyio pa6ory 
o mohx "PasubunJieBHax"; aaaaHHaBaer oh cjiobbmb: "O6nauaio Bac" (OP P T E. <D. 25. 
K. 20. En. xp. 11. JI. 11 — 12). Ho yate lepea hbckojiuco Mecanea peaaaa tob khhth b npa 
stoic HacroaTejibHoe crpeiuieHBe Bejioro ("paAH cnpaBeAJiHBOCTH") ony6jiBKOBaTb pyao- 
nacb b HSflaTe^iCTBe "MycareT", r«e uumii KHHra Meraepa, a Taaace acnbixayBiiiHe 
crapus o6bai>i do noaony yxoAa Bejioro h Apyrnx anTponococpos H3 B3AaTejibCTaa 

■ TpyABOc AJia Hero apeua, npHBena a OKOHiaxeJibHouy paspbiay hx oTEomeau. 
B nocjieoBeu (BeoTopaBjienHou) nHCbUe Benouy ot 10 anpejia 1915 r. Meraep, oraejiaa 
"npaHiQuntajiiBJMH sonpoc ot KOMKep^ecKoro", noAiepKHBae-r, «m> hc cpHHaHcoBue 
xpyAHOCTH BOCHHoro BpeueHH ueniajor H3ABHHIO "oTBCTa" Bejioro b "Mycarere", ho ito 

CHpaB«AJIHBOCTfc "b03M0«HB {...) TOJIMCO K CBOHM, a Ht I lyjKBu", H B03TOMy "HCJI1.3a 

■ bvixoabti. c saaBJieHHeic o HenpaiuipaiiocTB (.■■■} H Tpe6oBBTfc BO HIU CnpaBCAJIBBOCTB, 

*ro6u od>an.epcKaa baobb caua ce6a BbiceKJia" (OP P T B. O. 167. K. 13. Efl. xp. 8). 

KHHra Bejioro 6tuia onyBjiHKOBaaa jiBan. cnycra nojrropa roA» (b Haiane 1917 r.) 
b hockobckom KHHroa3AaTejibCTBe "^yxoBHoe 3HaHHe*\ cneaiaaJlH3HpyK>meuca Ha >u- 
nycice T«oco<pcaoH h aHTponococpcKoa JiHTepaTypti b npHHaAJieHcameu "PyccaoMy 
BBTpouococpCKOuy o6mecTBy" b Mockbc. Cjioataaa DOJiHTBHecaaa o6cTaaOBKa a Pocchh, 
b KOTopofi apoBCXOAHjia <X>eBpajikcaaa peBOjnonjaa h KOTopou 6biJio He ao HHTejuieaTy- 
BJibBOH oojieiiBKH Ha crpaHHi^ax neiaTH, aanojiBCHnbix or^eraiiH o saceaasHBX a Tocy- 
AapcTBeHHOH Ayxe b napTBHHbaui AHcayccHauB, tcm He ueHee He uoitemajia noasBTbca 
BecaojibKBU, coaceif uajieHbKHU, saueraau o BfcimeAmeH KHHre Bejioro. 

Oflna B3 hbx, npHHaAJieacainaa BvjBecTHOvy ny6jiHinicTy ^uhtphm <I>HJiocod>OBy, 
Baabuajiacb "CoapebieHHbiB oaayjibTHSM" ■ aaAaJia toh AaJibHeaineuy BoenpaaTHK) 
KHHra Benoro He no cymecray, ho ckbo3b npHauy aHxponoctxpCKoro "oKKyjrbTB3Ma" 
(xotb BejibiH paccuaTpasaeT 3Aecb, b cynniocTH, A<>aHTponocod)CKyx> Teopaio no3H8HHa 
mTCBHepa). Caa BeJibin ynoiMHyr mano, abbbcabi b HpoDHiecKou KOBreKcre — roToabm 
ooAKpenBTb "3HaHH«" nLreHHepa "lyTb jih hc "PHJUtep-rou a Koreaou!" (OP PTB. 
®. 25. K. 7. Ea. xp. 3). 

Bropaa petjeH3aa, noaBaamaaca a oahok hs (peapajibCKBX Hoaepoa "BapaceBbtx 
HOBocTeB" h Ha<uoiaiomaaca cjioBaaa "CTpannaa KHHra!", yxBepjKAajia o6jibk Benoro 



539 



— "aoBce bs nopna (aAecb a mnio b many, — miuet peneaaeBT, — rjiaaauii o6pa3ou 
MMCjncreJia, ae nosra), a6o {popubi ero hocbt aacajibCTaeHHMB, hibhc BaBX3aBBbiH 
xapaxTep". "Crpacn* A. Bejioro s tpopuyjiau, ■ cxeuau, k CHiaierpatBbDc nocTpocBBau, 

— npOAOJUcaeT peneaaear, — crpeiuieBBe ero k liejioiaoa tohboctb, line aaaceTca, 
3BBHCBT aueaHO or aiioptpaocTB ero UMnuieHB*, ot aeyucuBS ero orpaBBYBTb ce6x, or 
BHyrpeBHeii apaTuaiaocTB. Kbk BupaaceBae ancTUBXTa caicocoxpaaeBBa Ayxa, jumieu- 
Horo crpoa ■ uepu, BosaaxaeT acaacAa acryccTBeBBbix, toibo onpeAeJieHHMX rpaaea, 
OTpeKJieaae a BBenmeuy nopxoxy, ataAHoe Because roiex onopti bobbc; b uepxBbix 
Jioraiecxax xoBCTpyxnaax mm Bcjimh cnaceaae ot BByTpeaaea xaoTavBocTa". 

Ho ecjiB oipainujibHMX otkjibkob aa Kaary Bejioro 6lijio aeiaioro, noJioHureeJn»Bbix 
ace He 6bUio a aoace, to b nctxpBnaajrbabix Kpyrax uockobcxob BBTeJiJiareBiuui, 
aaajcotutx xax c Meraepou, Tax ■ c Bejurn, paspaaauiacb Bacrosmax 6yp«. 06 arou 
CBaaeTeJUCTByeT urueub oSuea aacbuaica BenocpeACTaeHHMX yiacTHHKOB co6mthb 
(Bejioro, Meraepa, 3juiaca, Hjiuraa b np.)> BbiAepacxa b3 Koropbix b cbssb c bx 
bbjkhoctuo Ana JMTepaTypBOB onesxa KHara Bejioro iu>i 3Aeck DpasoAHii. 

£me flo auxoaa aaara, a nponecce aaaxoifCTBa c ee orpMaaaiiB, MeTBep yTaepamaji, 
vro eojia Bejrua nociteeT ee ony6jiaxOBaTi>, to aa aero b Mocase BcrynBrrca <paJioco$ Haau 
AjieKcaBopoBBi Hjium. H AeacTBBTejibno, Hjiura aataaaeT oieab axrHBayio 6opi>6y ue 
crojudco npoTBB kbbtb, cxojiuco nporaa jibibocth cauoro Bejioro. K aaare npaapenjiaerca 
apjikia "nacxBajn,", a b nepenacKe Meatfly MeTBepoM, Hjiuafcui b 3jijibcom oiia 
no-npyrouy ae HMeHyerca. TKejiwbia Hjiubb, "(paBaTaa™ (no onpoae/ieHHio Meraepa), 
Bcrurrbiaaji nenpaaaab a jno6bn< "cBMBOJiBiecxaij" b "aBTponococpHiecxBii" noncKau, 
a jhoobm "uacTH^ecaoro' 1 cxjiana. Korna, aanpauep, 3juibc, oTomeonniB ot aaTponoco- 
(paa ■ yBJiexmaaca xaTOjiainiaitoM, nbrrajica jibiho (b nacuiax) a tepe3 Meraepa Baft™ 

C HBB TO*KB COnpHKOCBOBCBBB B ODDieS 6opk6e BpOTHB "opraBBSOBaBBOB BBTB-ByjIbTypbl 

mTeaBepaaBCTBa" (nacuio Hjiunay or 17 anpejix 1917 r. // O P P T B. 4>. 167. K. 14. E/i. 
xp. 67), Hjiuxb ocTajica aenpauapaM. H b KOane kobhob Meraep nameT 3juiacy 17 hioji* 
1917 r.: "H yate Haveaan Bait, a Ttsnept aojibccb Bau cxaaaTb npauo: Hjubb otbocbtc« 
a Bau a a Mapaarre IIIarBBaB (akicrynaaiiaix oporaa Bejioro. — H. JI.) Tax air 
OTpaqaTejibBO, xaa a a Bat. HBaaoay b k Abap. Bejioicy (paayueerca, ao nacKBBJia 
nocjiCABero). Hjimbb (paaaTBK (...); Bm Toace (paaaTBa; a ae aueio bbkokob HaAestflbi un 
to, <rro6n Hjo>bb npaaaaji Bac; canoe 6ojiumee, iero uoacao AOCTati,, — 3to toto, <rro6bi 
Hxiuni neiBTajica b "MycareTe" secuoTpa na to, <ito Bbi rau xoace oeiaTaeTecb" (0 i' 
PTB. <1>. 167. K. 13. Ea- xp. IS). OrBomeBHa panaoBanacTaB Meraepa a HjibHua, 
aanpoTHB, Bcerfla 6mjih npeBOCxoABbiua, B6(popuaj]bBbiuii a naace poACTBeBHbaui (Hjiuiii 
■pecrBJl peSeaxa MeTBepa), nepenacxa bx ceueaCTB ae npepbisajiacb. IIoaTOuy, aepojrrDii, 
cxaaflajj soapyr "nacxaHJia" Bejioro npao6peji Taxoa BeopauapBUbiB xaparrep. 

6 (pespajia 1917 r. HjiipBB nameT "OrapbiToe nacuco Byraeay", b aoropoit yrBepw- 
AaeT cbok) noaHBBio: "C lyBCTBOM ocrporo CTbwa b rasejioro orapameaaa npoieji 
a aaary, BbmymeHByio Baioi (noadony c HaJieaucoB 6yxBbi. — H. JI.) npoTBB Suunu* 
Kapjiosata MerBepa". OcaoBHbis ynpeaa Iljibaaa — BpaBCTBCBBOro CBOBCTBa ("xBara 
Bama ecrb aaneaae nocxbiABoe") a aacaxiTca rJiaaBbm o6pa30u tobb aaara, ocaopS^aHi- 
mero "AyxoBBua o6jibk" Meraepa. BlTefiaep Hjubbb He aaTepecyeT, a no uoBO/iy 
BBTepnperanaa BejibOi TeTe oa aauetaeT: "Hoaoe npoaSBeneBae aame, CTOJib ueAByc 
UbicjieBBO ocaenwomee sac a bcx> aamy JiaTepaTypayio AeBTenKBOCTb, ae AaeT a »r 
KoaceT AaTb BBaaaax ocBOBaaaa ajib toto, vro6u boaohtb k Bonpocy o noBBiiaBaa Terr 
no cymecTay. (...) Ban yrooao 6kUio o6orarBTb pyccayio jiaTepaTypy nacaaajieu, b ui.i 
npaueu ero sax apejibrii BTor Bamea bcbsbb. Ob CBBAerejibCTByeT o ce6e xaa nopojKaeuiir 

540 



jihihoh uio6u ■ 6eccajn>aoro oiyueii. <•••) ByAbTe yaepeau, ito ■ He yaHUO sac 
■ jibxio ■ ae doabm mm pyaa npa BCTpeie" (OP P T B. <I>. 167. K. 14. En- xp. 16). 

9 (peapajia ob OTnpaBJiaeT 3to uhcuio Bejiouy a ywe 10 cpeBpaji* cooBmaeT 
MerHopy, ito k "aejiy" ob noflomej] ocaoBaTejibBo: "3ro bbcuio 6bUio iiboio npefl- 
BapBTeJibao oocyameHO c anaoxaTOM, a npeABBAeBBH AajibBemnax npaaosbix nocjieACT- 
bhh. B aacTywieBBw ax coiiHCBaiocb: cjibxukom aejnuca 6bijia 6bi DJiaaaace aJia aero. Or 
Tpereacaoro ace cyA« tcctb a Haiiepcu oxapbrro yKJioaaTbca, a6o cboh bkt paccuaTpa- 
aaio ae aaa lacTHO-npaaoaoa, a aaa ay6jia<mo-npaBOBOH, to ecxb aax arr yrojioaaoa 
icopana" (OP PTB. <D. 167. K. 14. E«. xp. 16). 

MeTaep OTaeiaeT Knumy 17 anpejia 1917 r., ito oh snaiiae corjiacea c tckctom 
nacuia a aoace ae hbxoabt ero mpeciyp peaaaii. "Tanuco Tenepi. Mae anoJiae acao ace 
SeccTfciflCTao A. B.", — aaiceiaeT 0CK0p6aeHBMB Meraep, ompaBJiaoT kodbio nacuia 
a ^opaax ("hto6u a>t* noHBTb aHTponococpaM Beao3U<MKHOCTi> ltoax ABJibHeaniHX 
CBomeaaa c hbmb") b npOAJiaraeT Hjibaay "h abjim, a kbctbmx paaroaopax, npoAOJi- 
aurrb 6opk6y a Mocaae" (OP PT E. 0>. 167. K. 13. Ea. xp. 9). 

Bcjica sa Hjtuuu>ui 3nnac Taaate mum 7 anpejia 1917 r. OTXpuroe uBCbuo "Ko aceu 
corpyABaaaH "Mycarera" (a TpyAOB a ahbb"), a Koropoit noAAcpacaBaeT "pbinapcu 
6jiaropOAHbm ayx" nacuia Hjiuuia u noAiepKHBaeT, hto aaTpoayT "oSnnui aonpoc stbkb, 
iccth a rpaaan. /OTepaTypBux npaJiHtw". 3jutbc npeAJiaraer "abipaaaTb cboh aeAayc- 
MkicjieaBbiB nporecT upoTaa nacKBHJia r. Byraeaa BHeceaaeu cbobx cpaujuiaa a stot jibct", 
opaaAa, OKasbiaaeTCi, <rro "nporecT" 3jiJiaca BanpaBJiea*Be ctojiuco npoTaa "aecnuxaa- 
boio a JieTOBBcax pyccaoa JiBTepaTypu (...)> ocKop6jieBaui 3. K. MerBepa", ckojiuco 
npoTaa ero BfciBenmero spara — "TeitBMX a pa3pyniaTeja>Hbix can" aarpoiiococpBB, 
"arpymxoit" KOTopux oaaaajica r. Byraea (OP PTB. <J>. 167. K. 14. Ea- xp. 69). 
B qaCTBOU ace Bacbite K ceaperapio "Mycarera" BaKeBTaio BHKenTbeBHiy IlainyKaBBCy ob 
npeAJiaraeT yoeABTb Bejioro bsmti. aa opoAaaca cboh oacjtBHJib, ito 6mjio 6bi ae tpyAao, 
ciaraer 3juibc, ecjia co6paTb uaKCHUyu noAnacea boa nacbuoii Hjibaaa: "0tkb3 BeJioro 
or aacaaaJiH a HSbaTHe ero aa KBaacaoro pboaaa co3abjio 6m ajm Eeaoro aoauoacaocTb 
aApaao, o6t.cictiibho aarJuayTb aa xaary 3. Mer^aepa) a ee aaTopa b pacaaarbca AymeaBO 
a bobok ero nyra naAeaaa. TojibKo tbk bosuokbo 6mjio 6u ajix Hero ocao6oAaTbOa or 
Komvapa a 6ecoBmaabi ^opaaxa" (OP P T B. <D. 167. K. 14. Ea. xp. 68. JI. 3). 

PeaaiUM aa aohctbhb Hjibaaa a 3juiaca Sbuia He ctoju. OAaoaaaiBOB, Kaa uorJio 6bi 
BoaaaaTbca aa nepabiH aarjiaA. Mycarenibi-aflTponococpbi crrajiB aamaniaTb noaanaio 
Bejioro. A Kacenea — "Uien peAaaKaa — ab»« aaaaaji MjibHHa "xyJlHJ'aHOM ,, a W 
mH6" ero aa "MycareTa", o lex coo6maeT Meraep (aaxoAamaBca b I^iopaxe aax 6bi "bba 
cxaaTKOa", bo Tea ae aeaee ocBeAOMJieaabia 060 acex o6cToaTejibCTaax "6opb6*i") 
b macbice 3juiacy ot 17 Bjojia 1917 r. a npeAJiaraoT Kacejieay yaTa b OTCTaaay. Ear. 
TpySenKoa Taaate ae SbiJi aacTpoea cjibbikom BomiCTBeHHO h nbnajica yBeAHTb Hjibaaa, 
ito b Bejiou ecTb coaHaaHe BBBbi 3a cbojo vaary. Hanporaa, "aorA> HjibHB onieTHHHJica 
a ctbji ycopaTb TpySenaoro 3a hbaoctbtok BoaMynteBax Bejibuj, to tot b cbohj oiepeAb 
aayuajica, iero tbk aanaTBTCB Hjibaa, b6o BeJibia ae Sojiee kbk 6e3BpeAHfcJa KJiaKynia", 
- — coo6maeT MeTaep uoaPoShoctb mockobckob kb3bb b tom we nacbtie k 3juiacy. 
H ABJiee: "Mopoaoaa cxaaaJia, ito k Kaare Bejioro bcc oTHecjiHCb OTpaiiaTejibBO, ao ae 
cepbeaao, a kbk a Bbocoflice HcrepHiHoro icjiOBCKa. HccytajiHCb 3a Bejioro, KOToporo 
HjibHH, nojD>3yiomBBca Bceo6nQiM Bmmamieit a yaaaceBaeii, aor yaaiToacBTb cbohu 
ueTKau oparjejioH. Tpy6enKoa Toace 6yAro Ha aoea CTopooe (Meraep bhobb BoaBparoaeT- 
ca k Tpy6enKoay, or ico-roporo, aepoaTHO, oatBABJiacb 6ojiee aKTaaaaji DOAAepucica, aeAb 
euy Hjibaa nepeABJi OAHoay B3 nepabix caoe ontptiToe nacbuo. — M. JI.), aa b rpom He 

541 



ctbbbt BeJioro b, 0Ka3biBaeTca, oieHb BojiHOsajica no uoBoay 3tob acTopaii" (OP PTB. 
1>. 167. K. 13. Ea. xp. IS). Ckbo3i>, kohctho see, npHCTpacraue noacHCHBa Meraepa 
MoatBO yBBACrb, «rro cpeoH mockobckoh HHTejiJinreHmiH He 6ujio eflHHoayniHoro "ot- 
BpamBHaa" k Bejiouy, b« ten BacTajmaji Il.rn.EH. 

B onBOK aa nscea Meraep caoe ocpanaajibHoe "uojiHaHHe" o6tacB«ji Ten, ito oh "ne 
cnocoSeH nporecToaaTb coSopao c npyrHica": "Moh npoTecT nojiaceH Bi.uiBTj.ca b cosep- 
raeHBO HHflBB«flyajii.Byio cpopuy, a cjnuiaHO sto aojihcho 6brri He b cpopue KopoTKoro 
nacuu, a a smab ocHoaaTejikHOH crana. Ho sanacaTb Tacoayw a b HacToamee apeiia 
cosepineBBO b« cnoco6eH. (...) JSfiJio b tom, ito aecb uoa TenepamaBB o6paa mi.icjih 
■ Bee uoe caico<ryBCTBBe raKOBbi, tto icbc ipaiae Tpyaao aammaTbca nojieiiHKOB, 
KOTopaa CBaaaaa co DlTeiHepoM, Aaflp. BeJi(biu) b t. a- Gmunxoic icaoro ryr jnroHMx 
noArojiocaoB" (OP PTB. <b. 167. K. 13. Ea. xp. 15). Hoaxe Mernep npHcrynaer 
K aimicaano CBoeoSpasBoro "(KOHTp)oTBeTa aa saury BeJioro", cocTaBHsmero 326 
uanmHonm-CHbCK CTpaann, rne oh capynyJieaHo (no rjiaaau, npenJioateHHiK h cjiOBau) 
paa6apaeT h BbicueHBaeT ace "npOMaxa" BeJioro no CBoeuy noBOfly a, aax 6bi pHKOSieTOii 
yAapaa no Bejiouy, He CKynaTca Ha (noHTp)onpeaejieBBa "uucjiaTejia" mTeaaepa, KaK 
"liojunocaa", KOTopua "Skuaer noxoac b na nonyraa" (OP P T B. fl>. 167. K. 12. Ea. xp. 
4, 5, 6. JI. 12), a ero y>ieama, aaa "npocro nacMypsoro CKyAoyiuui b nypao cKpuBaeuoa 
ocaoifBBjbi yrpxiMOH Hbicjia" (JI. 39). "IlabKpJieT A. B-ro, — flejiaer bmboa Meraep, 
— mobcho noHaTb TOJTbao Kax uecTt" b aocafly, ">cto ne yaajiocb npacTpoHTb aHrpo- 
nococpiuo a "Mycarere" (JI. 256, 257). 

TaKHK o6pasoic, 6pocHB Jianu. 5erju>m Barjian na nojieunay aoxpyr "PyAO.ro.cpa 
JUTenBepa ■ rere n , uoxcao otictjibbo yaafleTb, ito b BoenpaaTna 3tob khhih 6bijio 
iraoro jiHiBbix h noSoiHMX uotbbob. OcraeTca CKa3aTb BicecTe c peneHaeHTOU y«e 
ynoMBHaBmeBO aauerKB b "Bapateabix BeAOhcoCTax" no noaoAy khbfb MerBepa "Pas- 
UBunjieHaa o reie", "at axeiomeH bobcc (...) xoro SHaieaaa, KOTopoe npBflaeT ea A. B. 
(...): no-aaAHMOiiy, asTop npaa! 3. K. He noaaji JUTeBHepa. Ho passe aro Tax 
aaacHO? n (0P PTB. <1>. 25. K. 37. Ea. xp. 5). H -rorna, ocraBBB b cTopoHe crapbie 
jiHTepaTypHbie "oSbam", Heo6xoflBUO B3rjiaayTb yace aenpeABaa-ro a no cymecTBy na 
BccjieAOBBBBe Bnnoto, oneHBTb ero CBoeo6pa3abia uoaxoa k aaTypcpajiococpaH Tere, 
CTpeujieBBe oSocHOaaTk a AOnojiHHTb Teopaio CHicsojiaaica noJioaceHHaiiH yneHBa IQTeB- 
■epa, nonbrrxy cosAaxb nejiocTHyio cacreuy <pHJioco(pcKoro a aayiHoro 3HBBBB b Ten 
cauboi HaHTB stob KHHre noAo6aiomee tcecTO b KOHTeKCTe pyccitoH KyjibTypu. 

nocKOJiuty npoa3BeAeHae BeJioro co3flaao no KomcpeTHOiiy noBoay — "otbct" 
MeTHepy ■ "aannrra" JUTeaaepa — h npeAnojiaraer 3h8kouctbo xot« 6bi c ocbobhumb 
nojioateHaaua ax noHiiiteHi "npeAUeTa" (BBTypipajiococpaB a 3ctbtbkb TeTe), Ubi 
nociBTBJiB HyacHbiii a paae cjiy^aea AOnojiaaTb KouueBTapaa nBraTaun as KHBra 
Meraepa "PaaicbinuieHHa o rere", KOTopaa a»bho yace CTajia 6H6jiBorpa(pBiecKoii 
peAKOCTUO, a BbiAepHucauB H3 BCTynBTejibHbix ctbtcb JUTeaaepa k leTbipeu Touau 
"EcTecTseHHo-Haymux ccumeaaa" TeTe, He ny6jiHKOBaBmHXca Ha pyccaoii a3bnce. 

JlflM 6ojiee o6xei£Horo uoopaaceBaa caoeo6paaHoro "aHrponococpCKoro cbhbojih3ms'' 
BeJioro h ero aepaspbraaoB cb«3h c KyjibTypHbin, h oco6chho tpauiocotpcKHX, kobt«kctou 
3ooxB pyeexoro "cepeBpaHoro aexa" KoiaceHrapHH noAKpenJieabi ccbiJiKaiu a BbiAep«Ka- 
iib aa Tex nySjiaaainiH, uauo Koropbix Bejiun HecoiiHeHHO He nor npoHTH, ho KOTopbir 
ibcto HeAOCTynHbi coBpeueaBbOt wraTejiau, b tou -mcjie aa OTAejibBbix TeopeTHiecKBX 
ctbtch cauoro BeJioro — Kaa "ao-aaTponococpcKoro' 1 , Tax "aaTponococpcKoro" nepaoAa. 

Kaara neiaTaeroa no eAHHCTBeaaoiiy H3Aaaaw: Andpeii E&Abvu. PyAojibcp UlTeBHep 
a Tere b uapoBoaapeHHH coBpeueHHOCTa. M.: JJ,yxoBnoe 3HaHae, 1917. 

542 



BCTYnHTEflbHOE CJIOBO ABTOPA 

1 "MycareT" (epen.: npeABOAHrejib uy3) — uocKOBCKoe KiiHroaaAaTejibCTBO cau- 
bojibctob (1910 — 1917), opraHB30BaHHoe 3. K. Meraepoii npu yjacraa Aaapea Bejioro, 
3jiJiaca a Bui. HBBBOaa; aiie.no npeauymecTBeBao repaauotpajibcieyw opaeHTanaio. 
"MycareT" Taaace BbinyCKaji pyccKoe aaAaaae <pHJioco<pcKoro BeoKaaTaaBCKoro acypaajia 
"Jloroc" (1910 — 1914) h KyjivrypHO-acTerBiecKHH ajiucaaax "Tpyflu h p«" 
(1912 — 1916), c nnwKiimnnra py6piucauH "BaTHepaaBa" a "rereaaa". 

* flpy»6a Bejioro a MeTHepa npoAOJiscajiacb 6ojiee flecHTH jieT (c oceaa 1902 r. «o 
OKoa<urrejii>aoro paapusa BecHofi 1915 r.). Eejibia acnouaHaeT: "Moa 6eceaa h nepenacica 
c MeTHepou ao aaiaaa BenopaayueBBB c hum ae aicejia nepepbisa; npomaaci., hh gate 6bi 
roBopHJiH apyr apyry: npoAOJiateaae cjieayer; BCTpeiaacb, nponoJUKajia BeoKOBieBHyjo 
4>paay Hamero peiBTaraBa. HecKoaiaeifMB paaroaop — o icyjibrype KaaTa, Tere, 
BeTXoaeaa, Baraepa..." (Htiajio isil C. 100). MaonuierBBB Apyr Bejioro Map- 
rapvra KapaJiJioaaa Mopoaoaa oneHHBaeT hx BsaHUooTBomeaaa 6ojiee chokobbo. "Meae- 
ny MeTsepou b Byraeauic, — BcnouaHaeT oaa, — 6mjio rjiy6oxoe BByTpeaaee pacxoac- 
Aeaae, Koroporo obb, yajieicaaci. Apyr Apyrou, He aaiceiajia b ae nyiiajiB, tto obo 
AOJiwno, npH 6jib3kok conpaKOCHOBCHBa, CKopo o6HapyacBTbc«. Memep — aaaaAHBK, no 
xapaKTepy — Beicen., jnoSamHB nop«AOit a onpeAejieaaocTb bo Bceu, oieHb npauoJiBBea- 
at.ni, ae yaeMmaa npacnoco6jum.c« k jik>a««, crpaAaji or xaacAoro Kaaaameroca eay 
aejioraiBJ.uc nocTynxa Byraeaa. A Byraes, HacitBoab pyccicaa, auonaoHajibHbia, ubtkbb, 
yBJieKaionpaaca, BCBaynraa b caoeu vape (paBTaaaa, uajio lyacTBoaaji peaJibaoc-rb 
acBaafl b ecjia c aea CTajiKBBajica, to crpaAaji a 6yaTOBajj (Bocdokibibii 
o Be ji ou. C. 43). 

IIoboaou a BacToameicy aoaipJiBKTy nocjiyauuio ax paajiaiaoe OTaomeaBe a yie- 
aaio inieBHepa — caenTaiecicoe y MeTHepa a BOCTopaceaaoe y Bejioro. B nacuie 
MopoaoBoa (aTopaa neKtma 1912 r.) aa Baaejia, r«e oa Bicecre c MeTBepoM cjiyntaji 
jieaaaH nLreaaepa, BeJibm noAicpKBBaeT: "Bee a upomy 3. K. Meraepy b3 bcjibkoh 
jik>6bb k aeiiy, ae npomy OAHoro: a Ayuan, hto ob c tohkbii axycou, a oa 6bui aa jieanaB 
niTeaaepa — aaiero ae yaaneji, aaiero ae ycJibnnaji. 3Ha«urr, Bee, o leu Mbi roaopajia 
3TB 10 JieT, b ieic coTJiamajiacb, b <teii ycjioBBUiacb — oabo cnjionmoe aeAopaayMeaae, 
■ Ubi roaopajia o cosceu, coBceu paaai>rx Bemax. H60 fljia iceaa ffiTeaHep — Seaiiepaoe 
yrJiySjieaae oojiycoaaaTCJibBbix uoax rpe3, ueaa caaoro. 3a tto ueaa jik>6bui 3mbjibb 
KapJiOBai, ae aaaro, a6o to, tto oa bo uae jdo6hji, — 3to bot (tojeuko b mbjijibob pa3 
cajibaee) ocyii^ecTBHJiocb. OcymecTBJienbe — BUTeaaep. Ecjib oa Haa niTeaaepou 
rJiyuBTca, to pjut ueaa sto aaaiBT: ob ae rjryiiBTca aaa mcohm tojd>ko aoTOicy, ito moc 
toaopajio Baxeaoa, a oa b woe bjioxcbji cbob, uae <tyacAi>iB, uae aaneKaa cubic ji" (H JI O. 
1994. JVs 9. C. 138—140). 

'HlTeBBep 6biji peAajtTopou, KouueHTaTopou a aBTopou BCTynareJibabDC CTaieB 
x "EcTecTBeHHO-nayiBbm rpyAau" Tere (1884 — 1897), KOTopue coct8bbjtb 33 — 36 rr. 
T. aaa. KaipinHepoBCKoro coSpaHaa co<D9HeaBB( TeTe (Goethe J. W. Naturwissenschaftliche 
Schriften. Hrsg. von R Steiner. Bd. I — IV. Berlin u. Stuttgart, o. j.). 

'Teopaa noaaaaaa, Koropaa noaace jiaacer b ocaoBy aBTponococpcKOB AOKTpaabi, 
coanaeTca rUTeaaepoa OABOBpeueaao c Bayieaaeu ecTecTaeHao-BayiBoro aacjienaa 
Tere; 6ojiee -roro, cbob doaxoa k oomuiaiiHio apapoAbi BlTeaaep o6ocaoBbiBaeT aueaao 
NTeacKBM "lyBCTBeaHO-CBepxiyBCTBeHnbiu" uerOAOU aoaaaaaa. AaTpoaococpaa (ay- 
Xobhbh aayaa, raaHOBeaeHae) aajiaeTca, c toikb apeaaa mxeaHepa, nepexoABbia aBeaou 
or oSbiiubix aeTOAOB ecTecTB03aaaaa, onapaionteroca tojibko aa Baemaae qyBCTBa, 

543 



K xeronau ayxtmaoto HCcJienoaaHHa npapoovi Ha ocbobc CBepxiyacraeHHbix boc- 
npaumiB. 

* KoHTuraanu aa uateBa Aayx covBeaaa: "Becejiaa iiayaa" <DpaApaxa Hnnrue 
(1882) m "Qanocotpaa CBo6o«ti" QlTeimepa (1894). B«jimh atceer ■ aany HAeaji co- 
■poieHHOTO TeopeTBiecKoro saaHaa, KOTopoe aojukhq coeABBBTb b ce6e npaaaanbi 
ipmnoco<|)CTBOBaBBji Hamue ■ IIlTeHHepa. 

'In Btatui nascendi (juan.) — b coctobbhb upoxACHaa. 



TJ1ABA nEPBAfl. BBEflEHME 

1 B ocHOBy khbth (DpaApaxa Hamoe "Pobcaohhc TpareoaB as ayxa Hyauxa" (1872) 
6mjib najKHKCBu Asa flOKJiafla, npoiaiaHHue bk a BaaeJibcaou Myaeyue (18.01.1870: 
Tpeiecaaa Mysuaajiuaa npaua"; 1.02.1870: "CoKpax ■ TpareAaa"), a aypc jickshb do 
screTBote rpewcKOB TparaABa, KOTopua Hawne, aaaaaTOHBUB DjWMpeccopoM b aapTe 
1870 r., VBTaji a Basojibcxoa yBBBepcarrere. 

'Hemraaa* nn. m ctbx. "Oceiii." (1837). 

'P. niTefinep. "MapoBOSspeiiHe IW (1897). 

'fljia npoTiiBonocTaBJ»HHa xaopmcKOH itaHcpbi IIIteaBepa ■ MerBepa Bcjimb 
BcnojibiycT acreTaiecKBC KaTeropaa Haxane: oaa coothocbtcb Tax ate, m Aoparaecjtee 
■CKyccTBO, BOnJioQajomee anojiJiOHOBCKoe aaiajio TsopiecTBa (aejiBiecTBeHHyio npoc- 
TOry, Mpitoamo, pane ■ onacnocy, aaeci: mreaaep), b itysbnca "nBOHHCBiecjcoro 
6eayucTBa" ■ qpeauepHOCTB, rfle lepeAyiOTCa "SjiaaceHHMH Boeropr" a ctobu. HoAo6aaa 
xapaarepacrBKa MeTsepa, xotb a Mysbixajitooro xpaTBKa, rjiy6oKO lyacTayiomero 
ayskixajiuiue "oeaaHn" Baraepa, bo bcc-tbxb *ejiOBeaa pan>oaajn>aoro, bbjuktcii 
uojratmccKKK (flHOHBJtHHecKBM!) upeysejiBieHBeH aa-ropa. 

'Pe«u. bact o coHBaeaaax DJreBHepa "MapoBoaspeBae Tvn" (1897) a Trre xaa 
poAoaa^ajibHBK bobob 3ct«thkb" (sny&n. Jieaoaa 9 aoaSpa 1888 r.). 

' "Ecce homo" — Hauaaae acoe Hamne. 

* "B cymHOCTH, a npaueBBJi npaaaJio C-reHAajia; oh coaeTyer oaaaueBOBaT]. caoe 
BCTynjieaae a o6n(ecTBO Aya/tuo" (h*m.) (ifuifiua 0. Coi.: B 2 t. M., 1990. T. II. C. 734). 
3th cjioaa Ctcbaui* Hamne a cbom oiepeAb aaaKCTsyer B3 npcABCJiOBaa npocDcpa 
Mepaue a Kaare: Stendal. Correspondance inedito. Paris, 18SS. P. IX. 

1 Meraep, uuea a sany cnenacpBay HarypcpBJioco<pBB TeTC, aasusaji ero "npapoAo- 
BoaapBTejieu"; a ocaoae 3tob xapaKTepacTBKB — nacuio Tere fflaJUiepy or 28.06.1798, 
taf> tot bo noaofly oahob Kaani o KaraeraTOCKax aBJieaaax nameT, ito oh chobs 
aarjiaayji a uacTepcKym aaTypipBUiocodta (Naturphilosoph) b ecrecTBoacni>iTaTe^H 
(Naturforscher) b bhobi> aameji onopy caicoicy ce6e a KaiecTBe npapoAOB033pBTejia 
(Naturschauer). Cjiobo "eubhui" ynoTpeSjiaeTca MeTaepou a tou cuticjie, KOToptw 
eny npaAaji Dlajuiep a cTaTte "O BaBaaoa b ceHTHiteHTajibHOB no3iBa n (1795), 
npoTBBonocTaBJiu "HaaBHyK)" noaaaio HenocpeflCTBeHHoro vyscrBa b ynoifBHaa b 3tob 
CBB3H TeTe, noasBB panBOBajibBOB a "pedijieacHpywiHeH". 

' Franc-tireur ($p-) — BOJikenS cxpejiOK. 

"Peib baot o nposaai<iecKBX a(popB3Hax TeTe aa Teuy d>BJiocod)BB, BCByccraa, 
dojibtbkb b Hayaa. B coapeu«HHbDC aaAaaaax 3Ta nacrb reTeacaoro HacJieAaa ny6jiHKy- 
ctcb b pa3flene "Mbxcbiui a paaubimjieaaa" ("Maximen und Beflexionen"). 

" P. DlTeHBep. "Oiepx reopaa noaaaBna rereacaoro napoB033peBBH — cocTaajieu- 
hmb, npBBBMaa bo BBBiiaaae lHaJiJiepa" (1886). Pyc. B3A- 1993. 

A 

544 



"B nacMie Bejioiry or 9 cpeapajia'1915 r. Meroep coo6maeT no nonOAy Hcnojibsosa- 
m KoioieirrapHeB UlTeHsepa b CBoei KHare: "Hananae Kiirschner'a (...) 6uno y mchji 
b pyaax TOJibKo b Jlpeanene. fl "yAOcyauuica" OAHaatAu npoiecTk ex, ho yoeonjica, <rro 

DpHHBTb BO BBHHaHBe (...) 3T0T KOlUceHTapHH 3naHHJI0 6kl AOHejLb3« yCJIOJKHHTb UOK> 

pa6oTy, hhckojiipBo ae AeJiax ee b to ate apexa 6onee ocBoaaTejii>HOH n (OP P T B. <D. 25. 
K. 20. Ea- xp. 11. Jl. 12). 

"Ad infinitum (Mm.) — no SecaoHeiHOCTH. 

14 I1,ht. aa Doaiui "Mcahuh BCaAHBx". HaCTh 2 (1833). 

"Ecce homo! fjutm.) — ce lejioaea! 

" Bojiee npaBXToe o6o3Haieme "xpouaTHxa", bjih "yieniie o oaere" (no HaaaaHHio 
ocHOBBOro rereBcaoro Tpyfla no onxaae), rfle TeTC paccuaTpaBaeT cbct b npoaajKHae 
OBCTHOCTa a cuai c MopdHMioraea "bchboco" rjiaaa, t. e. aaa <pn3nojioraiecitoe njiesBe, 
a hc "nepTBHa" dnaaraeCKHH cpeHoueH — npeflMrr onnutH HuoroHa. Xoti TeTe, 
onapaacb na caoio xpoicaTHKy, Cflanaji pan bbxhmx laCTHux otkphthh (nepsbm 
aaucTHJi (pocepopecneHBBJO 6ojiohckoto nmaTa, accjieAoaaji aaJieBua nojupBaanHH caeTa 
■ npaaynaji mchojiuco npaoopos aa* ero ea6jiK>fleHHji, (paavraiecKH cosnaji HOByio 
Hayay — <pH3HOJiora«iecjcyio onTHKy), ero Teopoa BCTpeTcuia peaao OTpHn.aTejii.Hoe 
OTHomeHHe coapeiieHHMX euy dmaMoa, gin flajibnemneu ooeHHaajiack aaa Hayrane 
■3i>iCKaBB> "nowra" (=flHJieTaHTa). Heaoropue Kpynaue 4>b3hkh XX a. paccuaTpHaa- 
iot o6e outhbh — HuOTOHa h TeTe — aaa AOnojiHaioiKHe npyr flpyra uoaxoam 
k HayiCHaio naeTa. B lacrHOCTa, B. rea3eH6epr npoactaHT mucjii. o tou, ito 3th yieaHa, 
BosKoauio, "aueiOT acjio c Aayua coaepmeHHO paajuttHMMa CTopoHaitH fleHCTBirreju.HOc- 
th". PaaaHTHe (paaajtH, curan reaaeHoepr, "y6eawaeT Hac a tou, ito 6opi,6a TeTe 
npoTHB dmanecaoii TeopHH inieTa AOjiama 6biTi> b HaCToaTO.ee apeicx npoAOJiateoa Ha 
SoJiee mapoaoii <ppoHTe" (reuaenSepe B. yieHHe Tere ■ Huotohb o naeTe h coBpeiteH- 
naa (pH3HKa // QauiococpcaHe aonpocH aTOMHoa dnraaKa. M., 1953. C. 65). 

"Oprasjuca — yuenae Tere o npoHexoameHHH h crpoeHHH "kbbux" opraHHaiiOB 
(aopnyc ero paSor no ooraHHae, aoojiorHK, anaTOiuui), b ocaoay aoToporo nojioateabi 
npnnm«nun.i» reTBBCKHe HA6H o cyTOHOCTH opraHaaMa. B 3TOH ccpepe, K8K H a xpouaTHKe, OH 
Taaate AOoauica saaHBTejikHMX ycnexoa: oTKpbui ueHtHejnocTHyio kocti. y HejioscKa, coaAaji 
nosBOHKoayM Teopaw nepena, ochobbji noayio Hayay h npHAyuaji ch HaaaaHHe: uop^iojiorHa 
amaoTHbix h t. a> OpnuBviecKHe hack TeTe nojiyoum 3HaiHTeju.no 6ojn>niee npHSHaHHe, leu 
ero yienae o HBere, ho nacTO TojucOBaJiHci. c toikh apejou AapanHH3ua. IQTeHHep, oowajryn, 
5tiJi oahbu aa nepafcix, kto rJiy5oao Haynui h o&bacHHJi opraaHHecave Tpyati Tore. 



TJ1ABA BTOPAH. PYflOJIbO UJTEI^HEP B KPyrE HAUJMX B033PEHHP1 

1 Peik HAerr o IlepBOH luipoBOH aoHHe, KOTopaa nepeacHaajiaci. aceiiH o6pa30BaHHi>a<H 
cjioaiai o6mecTBa aaa icHpoaaa xaTacrpoipa, ymraTOHauuna* QejiocTHOCTi> eaponeHCKOH 
ayjibTypu. B 1926 r. Bcjilih oxapaKTepaayeT aro apeua aaa "apHanc cauoa hctopbb", 
"omymeHHe BHceama hba 6esAnoH n : "Bee eanm BpeuansuepHTejiH ocTaHOBBjiBci>; 
b crpejiKH hx yaaabiaaiOT Ha ace tot ace nynar apeueHH, nyHKT, b aoTopou iacu 
cjioiiaJiacb: "1914 roA. Mapoaaa BOHHa": to, ito 6bUio "ao", — oSmchbuo bo BpeueHB; 
to, >rro nocjie, — Heo&bacHHMo; npojujio yate c Toro poxoaoro icoueHTa 12 JieT; 
a eAHHCTaeHHoe o&MCHeHHe saiui nepeatHToro — He o6i,acHax>niaa aaiero "aoHCTaTa- 
nsa": Mnpoaaa KaTacrpocpa, SoJiuneaHKH, raSejn, Pocchh, Eaponu h t. a-" (H c t o p h a 
AymH. C. 65). 



18 Aanpei Benua. Pynojui}) lUTeiHcp 545 



' AjieitcaHflp MaxaBJiOBHi ^o6pojno6oB — pyccaaa uo3t-chubojihct; nepeacHJi 
AyxoBBua apaaac: ocTaBHB cpBJiojiorBiecaBB (paxyjibTeT MocKOBCKoro yHBBepcHxeTa, 
craji nocjiyoiHHKOM b CojiOBemcoM aoaacTbipe, crpaBHBaou b pejiHTBoaHbiK nponoBea- 
bbboh, a b naiajie 1900-x toaob ochoboji b IIoBOJUKbe pejuirHOSHyio ceKTy "ao6pojiio6- 
nea". Ero TBopiecKHB nyn. — or coopHaxa "aeaafleHTCKHx" CTBXOTBopeBaa "Nature 
naturans. Natura naturata" (1895) no nponoaeAB ooksihu b jik>6bh ko seen acBBbia 
TsapaK b ctbxbbk "Ha khbth Hcbbahuoh" (1905). "yxofl" ,Q,o6pojiK>6oBa "b Hapoa" 
oaaaaji tMUibmoe aJnuRae aa Jlua HaaojiaeBa«ia Tojictoto aaa BarJiaABbia cooco6 
pemeBBa pasjiana "lieacAy nponoaeAfcio b cbocoSoh cymecTBOBaBBa" (cu. aamicb 
Tojictoto a "JJaeaaBae" ot 20 hmjib 1907 r. // ToMtnou JI. H. Ilium, coop. coi. M., 1956. 
T. 47. C. 382—383). 

06paabi ^o6pojno6o>a ■ Tojicroro Byacau Bejioiry-CHUBOJiHcry ana noaapenjieeaa 
ero aajnoDJieaaoa iiucjih o tom, hto "nocjieABBe rjejni TBopiecroa ae KopeaaTca 
b TB0p<reCKBX cpopiiax acayccTBa; obb aopeaaTca b acaaBa" a <rro "6yAym.ee b JiBTepaTy- 
pe — 3T0 (popuu pejiarBOaaux nejiea" (Hacroamee a 6ynyrqee pyccaoa JXBTepaTypbi // 
Cmtojiim. C. 346). "OnpomeaBe" Tojicroro b peJiaraoaBMB acKeraau ,D(o6pojuo6o- 
aa, nopoABBmae ABaaceBae ax nocjieAOBaTejieB — "TOJicrOBneB" b "Ao6pojno6neB" 
a OABOapeueHBO "noaoe" acayccTBO — apaBCTaeBBO-pejiarBoaByio "AaByay*', ynouaaa- 
eayio aaecb, a nponOBeflb "Ha khhtb HeBBABMoa" ^o6pojno6oBa, aBJMBOTca ajib Bejioro 
npauepaica CBioMMiacTCKoro "BtBaneTBopiecTBa" bjib "xoBBpeTaoa cJioaecaocTB" — cjio- 
aa, BOOJiomeaBOro b geaeTBae (aupaBteaBe oBpaaoaaao no aaajiorBB c^noco^aia 
noHBTBeu "KOBKpeiBbiB BAeajwau" a acreTBiecKBM "aoBapeTabia caifBOjia3i<"). Tbjcob 
ace "KOBKperaoa cjioaecaocTuo" craaOBBTca, c to>ocb apeaaa Bejioro, yieHae miCBBepa. 

' Poii. bact o "eo6brraax" XX b. — anoXB, menn<ei aaacBoe aaaieaBe b bc- 
TopaKO-KyjibTypeoB KOBrtensBB Eenoro, anoxa nepejiouaoro apeuCHB, Koraa "xpiiaHc 
coaBBBBx", aeoSxoABMbia hum nocjieoyioinsro aoapoacAeaaa nyma, "oTnetaTuaaeTca" 
bobbs a craBOBBTca "Kpaaacou auura" (cu. 06 aroii iQciopii nyma). IlepeiHc- 
jieaabie mume aaieaa xyAoacaaaoB oobeABBsaoTca Bejn.m aueaao b caaaa c apaaic 
BpoaBJieaaeii b bx TBopiecrBe "apaaaca coaaaaaa". Tepoa H6ceaa BupaaaJiB "ace 
cxaABB pasjiana KeatAy coaepnaBBeH a BOJiefi", ueatAy o6mecTBOM a jiBiaocrbio (Kpaaac 
coaaaaaa a TcBpaK H6cea //Cbkbojib3k. C.216). IlepcoBaacB poaaBOB ^ocToeBcao- 
ro nepeacajm a ce6e "aaOBBJiica" — cboio CTpacrt, "rpoaamyio cSpocarb coaa&HBe "H" 
asepx naTKaiiB b paaaepcryio 6esABy... n (Hciopn ayniH. C. 569). Hasme »e 
a B. Cojiosbea, KOTopux Bejibm aavacryio cSjiaacaeT, CBUaojiBaBpyiOT aaecb ae npocTo 
xyAOBCBBKOB, orpaaBBiiiBX "apaaac coaHaaaa" a anoxy HacTynjieaaa "apaaaca >KB3Ha", 
a opeAaeCTBBKOB npaxoAa Hoboto HejiOBeKa, "TBopiioa amaBa". B CTaTte "CBuaojiaau 
k«k KaponOBBiiaBae" Bojiub Burner, •rro "Hamne BbtABBraeT qejiijo BCTopaHecaoB 
aaojnoiiBB Dpoaajieaae tceedunou AUtHocmu, cttpxiuntaea (b 3ap«TycTpe a repoax 
^peBBOa rpenaa. — H. JI.). Bonpoc ota o npoaaxntuu a jtuHHoanu icetduttoeo dyxa 
yKanutum ucmopuu nyna k 6oeoH»JOHHeem*y", KOTOpoe npoapeji CoJioabea (Can- 
bo jib a a. C. 245). IIpH6jiB3BTejibHO noAo6HJbte ace 3aaain Bejn>iB ctbjibt b nepea 
aaTponococpaeB, t. e. cjiegymmBU b stok ace paAy kbk 6h nonpasyueBaeTca mieBaep. 
B nacbiie a M. K. MopoaoBOB (nepaaa fleK««a ce&Ta6pa 1912 r.), b KOTopou raicace peni. 
baot o "apaaace coaBaaaa" a aacryiiJieBBB "xaoca", "apB3Bca BCBaaa", oh nanicr: 
"yiaTbca hbm bcbm bbao" <■■•) ViBTCJieK uor 6uTb Bji. CoJiOBbeB, Ero aer c aaitH: oh 
noiioraBBK HeBBABMoro (...). Kpoue ymeflmero or aac CojioabOBa ynBTbca b Poccbh ue 
y aoro (...) B nLreihiepe Mbi acTpeTBJia to, tto Bcaajia, to, <m> acaaji a bck> acB3E0>: sto 
leJioaea Seauepaoro flyxoBnoro onbrra..." (H JI 0. 1994. JVs 9. C. 128 — 129). 

546 



* 3a speua caoea aBTpoaococbcaoft Aarrejn>BocTB niTeosep npo<urraJi 6ojiee 6 tmc. 
jieanaa no bccb Eapone (B IIojihom co6p. coi. mrcHHepa jiean&B cocvraaJiaiOT 
o>. 3S0 T.). 

* B yaaoit ciuiCJie "tcoco(J)hji" — yro pejiBrHoaHO-UBCTBiecKoe yieBae pyccxoa 
nacaiej&HMKu Ejieau IleTpOBBu BjiaaaTCxoa, o&fceABBHBmee BOcroroue b aanaAnue 
oanyjikTBO-ssorepMiecKHe yveBaa. Bejiuft, sax h IMTeBBep, nojibaye-rca repumaou 
"TeococJ>B*" a nmpoKOM cuticjie «jib o6oaHaieBBx anasiu o CBepxiyBCTBenHOM rape 
BOo6me. "Koraa roBopar "Teocotpaa", — noacHaer Bejiua b rurrHpoaaHHOM iudu 
nacuie k MopoaoBOB, — paayueiOT BjiaaarcKyio, Heo6yAAB3M b t. a- Ho nLreaaep 
Teococp noTOMy, tto ob TonayeT TeococpHM He b ciincjie napTBBBoro ABBateaaa a bum*- 
aax, a a npaKOK cmicjie, a cxucJie "BoacecTaeBHoa Myflpocra" (tpti.: {heoaophia 
bocxoabt a theos — Bor a sophia — uyApocn.. — H. JI.)" (H JI 0. 1994. J* 9. C. 134). 

*Cp. BbieaaniaaHas TeTe or 26.09.1S07: "Bo ace apeueaa tojihco BHABBBAyyuu 
paSorajia ana Hayaa, a ae anoxa. 3to anoxa nooHecjia *ianry c anou Coapary; anoxa 
coatrjia Fyea; anoxa ocTaaajraci. aceraa ToxAecTBeaMUMH ce6e" (RUmer F. W. 
Mitteuungen uber Goethe. 2 Bde. Berlin, 1841). 

* tDaJiocotbcaaa CHCreua DXreajaepa npeAnojiaraeT Hajiniae noanaaaeiiOB ofrierraa- 
bob AeaCTaareJibBOCTB, cocroamefi aaa 6m na nayx cjioea: lyacTBeHHoro onbrraoro KHpa, 
nocraraettoro paccyoxou, a CBepxryBCTBeaHOro uapa ("flaHHOCTb", "ibctmh ontrr"), 
noaaaaaeMoro paayiioK aaa "anea". 

*B aaTponococpcBoii yieaaB MTenaepa Jlioinnbep a Apaiiaa o6o3Ha<iaiOT abb 
paa/nrauux nyra ABKOHn*ecaoro co6jiaaBa, aoropue yrpoacaioT jibiboctb a ee 
CTpeaJieaBB a caMonoaHaHBio: JIioaHcpep — Ayx ropAMBB b "lejioBeaoBoatecaoro" 
Haiajia (nycroa 6jieca aaaHBa paAa caiuix ce6a), Apmcaa — Ayx paajioaceaaa 
a xaoca (acaatAa naTepaaJu.Hi.ix neHsocTea), t. e. nycxaa cpopua a 6ec<popKenBoe 
conepxaaae. 

' IIlTeBHep onpeAenaeT caoe uapoBoaapeBae aaa MOBBCTBiecaoe. B "OaJiocoipBB 
caoSonbi" (1893) oh no arcay noaoAy aaMeiaer: "LJejiocTHoe o&bacHCHHc aaapa, hjih 
paayiieeiiMB aaecb mohb3m, 6eper npaananfci, KOTopuuB ob nojiuyeTca ajih o&MCHeBBa 
uapa, y HOJiOBe'TOCKoro onuTa". IIocKOJiucy ace "ombre" npeAnojiaraeT iiaorooSpaaae 
"omymeHaa" (a aaaacaMOCTB or paccxaTpaBaexofl oSjiacra aeHCTBHTejibHocTH), to ob 
Tpe6yeT mnopajnuaa kbtoaob ooMCBenaa (4>aJiocotpaa c b o 6 o a u. C. 144, 157). 

"B oparBBBJibHOu noHBuaHaa aHTponococpaa aaa "rpananHa uoao-Ayo-nJDopajn>- 
hi.dc au6jieu'' Bejn.ni coeABBaeT uapoaoaapeBiecayK) ycraHOBKy inTeaaepa a coScraea- 
Hyn BAern rpaAaaaa, ctpopxyjmpoaaHByio an panee, a ctbti^ "dicSjieMaTaaa ciiticjia" 
(1909). Ob Tojutyer "mohoc" aaa "pane rpaaanaB", aaa "Teayiee icaoacecTao, par- 
Maaapyeaoe BAeea" (C. 134 aacT. B3A.). Mobbsu mTeaaepa a BBTepnpeTainai Bejioro 
CTaHOBBTca "aunu.ni" HOBO-Ayo-njnopaJiaaMou, "KOBapeTBtni uohhshom" (aoaKpeTakni 
BAeajmaitou), <rro AJia Hero paaHoaHaiHO noBjrraio "chmbojibom" (cm., aanp.: Iloveiry 
a eraji cbiuojibctoh // C a u a o ji a a u. C. 491 — 492). 

"Bcjuih aaueiaer paarpajaBveaBe BasHbix b ero (pBJiococpcKO-acTeTBiecKOB cac- 
Teue aaTeropaa — "rpaAartaa" a "caBTea", KOTopue npeAnojiaraiOT neaoe coeAHHeaae 
emicjioa (Aajiee a bbu npaSaaaTca noHCTHe cbicbojib). B "rpaaaniiH" BeJibm bbabt 
"<J>bjioco4 ,hm 6yAymoro", cymHocrnb aoTopoa ob pacaptmaeT noApo6nee a cTBTte "C b e - 
Toaaa ipaamii r«te", rfle, a ^ucthocth, orueiaeT: "rpaaaiuia sui generis ABajiea- 
TBxa chucjiob, aeAyntaa a BapacraBBio cia>icjia {••■); ibcthh ciibiCJi He aAeaaaTeH b hob 
nocraaoBKe aonpocoa o cuticjie. rpaAanjaa Be ecTb CBHTe3. B CBBTeae icexanBiecKB 
nojiaraeu icm a cuucjiy cuticji; cbbtc3 bcti, co-nojioateeHe, cjioxeBBe ciu>icjiob (...) 



18* 



547 



...conojioaceBae CTaravao, oho — npoeaoaa TSKyiero 6era a acecTBKyjiaqaa cmucjiob; 
rpaaanaa ■ ecr* 3tot 6er: ae curares — rpaaanaa, a asoTepaaa CBareaa..." (JI. 2). 

" OsKyjibTHSH (npencTBBJieBHe o peajiuioii ■jihbhhh Ha tuuioaexa caepxiecTccTBeB- 
aux cbji), aawcryio unuiuoimi aacTopoaceBBOCTk ■ oopaaoBaaaux cjiobx o6mecTaa, 
■Bjuuica aeoroeKJieuoB nacruo aaTponococpcKOB aoktpbhu, KOTopaa yuuja, ito jooSob 
vejioaea aoacer OBJianeTk npaaTaiecBaica ueronaiia "oosBaBu" CBepxHyBCTseBaux 
("ancmax", "nyxoBHtix") "uapaa". B ynoxumaBmeuca sume nacuie k Mopoaoaoa 
Benua yroaapnaeT ee "ae Doaroca aroto atynejia "omtyjiBTasa": "orxyjitTHbia" — aaa- 
"urr tbbhub, bot a see (Mm.: occultua — "tbbbhb, CKpurruB". — - H. JI.); <rro coofcrraa 
aapoBoi aciopaa noAroTaanBaaiOTca niaun cajiaim (lepHbiaa a 6cju>imb), sto m&i 
iuw" (HJIO. 1994. Jft 9. C. 134). 

- "MeABTanxa (juan.: meditor — "paaakinuiaio", "o6Ayan»aio"), t. e. cocToaaae 
yrjiy6nBHHoa cocpeAOTOieaHOCTa, njiaerca ■ aHTponococpHB BaacHeinnui uttronou 
"oaKyjikTHoro BOCiiBTaHaa" ayxoBaux cnoco6HocTea a noaaaaaa csepx<iyBCTBeHBOB 
peanfcHOCTa; BBJUOiaer b ce6a ajieaeanbi aora, ocoSue ncaxaiecaae a aMXBTejibBfcie 
yupaatHeHM. 

14 Merauopcpoaa pacMaaa — vacTb opraHHiecKoro y^eaaa Ttm (ero 6oTaaBKa), 
CBCTeKaTaaapoBaaaaa b pa6oie "Ouht oSucaeaaa aeraiiopcpoaM paoreaaB n (1790) 
a CTBXoiBopeaaa "MeTaMopcpoaa pacTenaa" (1798); ocHoay yneaaa cocTaajiaeT uobbtbc 
npapacTeaaa (Urpflanw) a ero neTaiiopipoau: "cxpuroe poAcrso paajuraaux aapyataux 
lacrea pacTeaaa (...) a AeacTaae, nocpeACTBOic aoToporo oabb a tot ace opraa upeAcras- 
juctcb Baa b paajiaiaMX BBAoaaMeaeBaax, km Haasajia aerauopcpoaoH pacreaaa" 
(Oour ooucaeaax aeTaaopcpoau pacTeaaa. BaeAeaae. §4//Goethes Werke. Bd. 
12. S. 206 — 207); ■ aaneCTBe DpapacTeaaa Tore paccuaTpaBaji "jibct". 

M y<teaae o nine — onaa as lacrea opraHBiecitoro yieraa Tere (ero ocTeojioraa). 
Ilpo6jieue Tana nocBanteBu hockojiuco paBor IVre: "Ontrr o cpopue Tejia bcbbotbux" 
(1790), "DepaMB aa6pocoK o6mero BBeaeHaa b cpaBBarejibByx) aaaToaaio, BcxoA*myx> 
aa ocTeojioraa" (179S), "Jleanaa no nepauM Tpeu rjiasau HaSpocaa ofanero BBCAeBBa 
a cpaBHBTejibayio aaaTOuaio'' (1795); a craxoTBopeHaa "MeTaMoptpoaa acaaoTHfcix" 
(1806) 3tb BAea aaaoaceau b nonyjiapnoB cpopue. Tere npeADOJiaraeT ycTaBOBBTj. 
"aaaTOUBiecKaa Tan, oSmaa o6paa, b Koxopou coAepacanacb 6m noTeanaaJikBO cpopiui 
Bcex atBBOTBHX <•••)> a" oabo oraejitBoe autBOTaoe ae uoacer 6birb aucTaajieao 
b BBiecTB* Taaoro cpaBaarejuaoro aaaoaa: bhito eABHaiaoe ae Moacer 6uTfc ofipaanou 
AJia ijejioro" (nepabia aafipocoa oSmero BBeaeaaa b cpaBsaTejOHyxi aaaTOMaio, raaBa: 
O Tane). Ilpo6jieMy Tana Tere accJieAycT aa caejieTe acaBOTHbix, eiBTaa ero ocbobboh 
ataaoTBOB (popuoa (aa* jibct — ocBOsa iieTaMopcpoai.1 pacTeaaa). 

Tan a aeTauopcpoaa, c tohkb apeHaa TeTe, aajuuoTca AByua cpopicaiiB oaboto h toio 
ace aaaoaa, no KOTopoay nocrpoeaM ace opraHaiecKae (acaabie) cymecTBa, aaaoH 
(popuapoaaaBa "bcbboto nejioro" aaa "<iyBCTBeHHO-CBepxiyBCTBeHHOro" oGpaaoBaaai. 

"nLreanep bcji«a aa Tere Taaate BHTepnpeTapyeT thd a MCTauopcpoay xaa hckhh 
n npaopraHB3K*' (npapacTeaae a npaacaBOTHOe), tuytopt,dk ae aBaaeTca aa npocTeaniaa 
peajibBbiu cymecTBOic, aa aocTpaKTaoa BAeaxu>HOa cxevoa, ho o6pa3oa (nepaooSpaaoa), 
aepacvieBBKOB peajitao-BAeajiinoB tieJiocTHOCTUO, "bbabmob" BAeea. KouaeBTBpya 
ecTecTBeHHo-HayiHtie coiBHenaa Tere, DlTeaHep ntiTaeTca uomrrh opraaaaa, Bbi<uieHia 
ero cymHOCTt aac npaaqan "aHTejiexna", oco6ob cpopaooSpaayioiiieB chjim, KOTopan 
"cooTBOTCTByeT ibcto opraoBiecKoiiy b opraBaaae" a KOTopaa aBJiaeTca reTeacKBU 
"ranoit". "B Tane, — - mnnr UlTeHHep, — BfleajitHoe b peajibaoe crajio eABBbW, 
UBoroo6paaae aoaceT 6nTt o6iacaeBO Tonuco aax Hcxoftanjee as cabhob to<ikb qejioro, 

548 



TOXAecTBeHHOro c hbm ^...). Tan,' oSycjiOBJienntiH caiuu C06010, o6jiaflaeT B03- 
mojkhoctuo upHHHMaTb SecKOHetno pa3B0o6paaHbie (popuu, BCTynax b o&nacri. 
hbjichbh; Hueano (popiui (Gestalt) — o&beKT naniero tyacTBeBHoro BocupHBTaa, 
ohh — poA»>i h bha>i opraaaaHOB, acaByimuc b npocrpaHCTBe h apeiteHa. Ham 
flyx, mocrmraa ary ofinryxt band, m, o&keMJWT Bee aapcTBO opraHaaxoB b era 
b m— ciB C (Cber das Wesen und die Bedeutung von Goethes Schriften iiber organische 
Bildung // Einleitungen. S. 84, 87, 102). Ho nocKOJiMty opraHaaic aceraa 
BSHyrpH npeo6pasyeTca, npeBpamaeTca, nperepneBaeT ueraiiopdioabi, "opraHroecaoe 
cymecTBO MoaceT 6mti> Bonaro tojii>ko b cbobii crauoBJiemui, b caoeu passaTae" 
(S. 89). 

" mxeBHepoBcaaa "•ryBCTMHBO-CBepxiyBCTBeBHaa:'' peaJiuaocTfc nocrpoejia no ana- 
jionui c "opraiuraecKUi napcTBOu" Tere; npa axon DTreaHep pacampaeT ■ AeT&nuao 
pa3pa6aTHBaer raTCBcaoe noaaTBe "BuarBaanBa" — BooGpaateaaa (cp.: Aom.: imago 
- — oopaa), Kompoe, b csaaa c Ten *rro nam Tere opraaaau a npoaaBeAeaae acicyccTBa 
nocrpoeHU no OABaaaoBMi "opraHBtecKaii" aaKOHau, oh can acnoJUsycT hiul oSoaaaie- 
aaa npoAyKTBBBOH TBopiecKOB cbjou: Bora, coTBopasmero xcaaai., a xynoamaxa, co3a»b- 
mero apreipaKT. B cpopite "die Imagination" Tore aaaiccTByer (a ceKyjiapaaapyeT) 3to 
noaaTae, sepoaTHee scero, y IIapan.ejn,ca, SHaueaaToro neaenKoro uacTHica-BaTypdiHJio- 
cocpa XVI b., KOToporo oh CBenaajibao aayiaer a /yia KOToporo "BOOopaBteHBe" asJueTca 
MUHiecKBM nocpeABBKOM iieatAy mmcjiuo a 6tiTHeu, BomiomeHHeu bacb b o6pa3e 
b "aBJieBHex" ee b npapoAe (Bor Taopar Map b *Voo6paweHBB", xbjuu BOBne cboio 
bojuo). "Imaginatio, — mani napaaeju.c, — noflTBepamaeTca b OBepmaeTca ipea 
Bepy... as aero cjieayer, ito Imaginatio nopowAaeT, aejiaeT a p,*ei Spiritum... <X>aHTB3na 
He eCTt Imaginatio, ho apaeyrojiuHMa Kaueni. raynijOB" (Th. Paracelsus. Ein ander 
Krlclamng der gesammten Astronomie // Paracelsus. Biicher und Schriften. Hrg. Huser: 10 
Th. Basel, 1590. Th. 10. S. 474 — 475). Tbkbx oSpaaoa, He iipocTO cpaHTa3B*v ho mieHHo 
HxamHasHa (BOJieaoe TBopiecKoe ycajiae) no3BOJiaex "aBBTj," pyx. - ., 

IBTeHaep oupeflejiaer mcmae CTyneuui ooaaaHax "ayxoBHtix lmpos" aax aicaraHa- 
naio, BBcnapanaio a HBryaiuuo. HaaraHanaji — norpyaceHHe b peajibHOCTb paapoaneH- 
hmx "cBUBOJuraeCKax" o6pa30B (DXreaHep Ha3j.iBaex ax "ayxoBHtiMH cymecxBaua"); , 
aHCnapanaa — nOHBUBHae BHyxpeHHCH BaaBMOCBxaB 3xax o6paaoB (aayroHae "bch3hh" / 
3TBX cymeCTB); HBTyanBa — nosHaaBe cymHOCTH, "cuticjia" oopaaa, cjuuBae c hbu / 
bocabho (coeABHeHHe c BHyTpeHHBif lcapou TaKoro cymecTBa, a no cyTB — npeBparaeHae / 
a yiacTHHKa atasBB "AyxoBBOro" Mapa). 

" HenocpeflCTBeuBoe noaaaBjie BAeaji&Horo o&beKTa, He Tpe6yiomee paajioaceHaa Ha 
paccyao-uibie noHaraa. 

"B Hciopii a yum Bejibm aaaner, mo "noaHaaite ecrk KOHCTpyainu <...>, 
a b 3tou ero ciibicji; 3to cmucji acTeraiecKim, a He paccyAO-mo-TeopexHiecitHH; BAea 
b STOii ciu>icjie 3aAeBa: oSpaaoBaHae C..); h b stob 3HaiHUOCTB cbobb no3HaHae 
(pHrypno, BiiaiflHaTBBBo; noaaTae "o6pa3 n He aueeT SAeci. yace aa nepBBiao-iiadiBiec- 
Koro ciibicjia, hb noaAHeamero lyacTBeHBoro <...), o6pas b nepBHiBO-jioraiecKou 
cuticjie — flepBBiao Aaanaa use dnrypa cmucjioboh dcjiocthocth'' (C. 671). IIoaToay 
BejTMB CTaBBT nepeA HayKaua, aueionrauB abjio c a3biKou (niape — "cjiobou"), othk>ai> 
He screTBiecKBe, a "aaBjieuaTHiecKBe" saAaia. 

" IIoBaTBe "cMticji" b <pBJiocod>CKO-3CTeTH>iecKOB CBCTeue Bejioro OTJiBiaerca or 
o6menpHHXTOro: 3to He BOBaTBBBbm, HayiBO-no3BaBaTeju.Bi.iB ciaicji, ho Heaaa CB«3t 
oTflejitBbXX cubicjiOB (aaa "uerauopcposa" bjib "rpaAanaa"); AeacTBBTejii>HO, boao6ho 
HOHaTbiB "cuticji" ae HiceeT njiaaa BbipaaceHHB, oh "6e3-o6pa3eH n . 

549 



" H«a poii«HOi€ "Ileropfiypr" B&iimb paSoTUi c oBTa6pa 1911 r. no aoaopb 1913 r. 
06 acTopaa co3A>aaa npoaas. cm.: ftoAeonoAO* JI. K. Taopiecaaa acropaa a ac- 
TopaKO-JiaxepaTypaoe saaieBae pouaaa A. Bejioro "IleTepSypr" // £iau AitBptu. 
nercp6ypr. JI., 1981. 

** CyonauaHajiMioe npocTpaecTBo • aBTponococpaa ooosaaiaeT "nopor coaaaBaa" 

— norpamnayio ofuiacTb, rne apoacxoABT crojutBOBeBae 6eccoaBaTejiuaoro a coaaaTeju.- 
aoro aavaji a i&noBeice; aaecb aro vera<j>opa npeoSpaaoBaaaa "Seccaaaakix" AacapeTBMX 
bobbtbb ■ nejiocraoe, BBTyaTBBBO-a6paaaoe "luinuienBe". 

*• Hmmto b sany aayaa aooSnte aaa TO«moe aula onkimoe aaaaae o nape (cctcctbo- 
aaaaae, aaTeuaTaxa a ap.). 

14 Pen* bast 06 yTBepaueaaa Kaara, aoTopoe oa AoaaaMsaeT b "Kparaaae HBCToro 
paayua" (1781), >rro AOCToaepaoc aayvaoe aBaaae BXeerca tojubo b MBTOfaTans ana 
ecrecTBoaaaHBa, a cpanocoipBa, aaytaiomaa "habb" (bobbthx paayua), aaa Tonaaa 
aayaa — aeaoaiioacBa. 3aa*BT, c stob to«u£b apeaaa, a "ayxoBeaa Bayaa", b ocbobc 
KOTopoa Ttucate JiextaT "anea" (noaanie anTponowxpcaa), ae aueer caucjia. 

** Aoeppanaa (awh.: aberrate — onuioBanca, aa6jiy»AaTbca) — aaymua tcdmbb, 
npaaeaaeiaia a oarae, acTpOHOitaa, 6bojiotbh a oaBaiajomaa BCBaaceaaoe aao- 
6paateaae. 

M nheaaep BaausaeT caoe ywaae "nayaoB o ayxe" (Geisteswisaenschaft), Tax aaa 
era ocaaay cocTaanaer "onuTBoe" noaaaaae, bo sto noaBaaae oco6oro "lacroro" onMTa 

— cpopaM fleacTBBTejibHOCTa, tup Ubnnjieaae (sAec»: «yx) aBJiaerca (paarou onbrra. 
B Oiepae reopaa noaaaaaa oa paccuaTpaaacrr "onkrr" b nayx "oTBomeaaax": 
"Bo-nepaMX, nocaojibay sea fleacTBBTejibHOCTb aae uimneBaa axeer <popay aajieaBji, 
KOTopaa AOJiataa abiCTysaTb b (popue oraiTa. Bo-Bropbrx, nocxojndcy a npapoAe aamero 
flyxa, cymnocTfc KOTOporo bbai> cootobt b cosepnanaa (t. e. AeaTejuaocra, BanpaBJieaaoa 
aapyaty), aajioaceao to, itd noaneatamae BafuuoaeaBio npeaaeru BCTyaaioT » none ero 
apeaaa, t. e. onarb-Taaa Aax>Tca eay nyrea onbrra <...), acTBBBoe coAepataaae aayaa 
ecn. aoo6me ae Bocnpnaaraa Baemaaa waTepaa, a b Ayxe noCTBrayTaa aflea ( = npeo6- 
paaoaaHHbia sbctmb odut. — M. JI.) (C. 23, 54). 

"To, tto Bejibia Haabiaaer "Teopaea ofrbacaeBai" DlTeaaepa, aa caaou Aene 
npeACTaaJiaer coSoa caKOCTOaTejn.aoe nocTpoeaae Benoro: "...conocraBBB nBrrarfci, a bm- 
Hyji aeai bbx raeaAamyioca CTpoaayio Teopaxi ofrbacBeaaa, BpaaaAJieacaiityio otmctb 
a arae b tom OTBomeBaa, vtt> caa-TO Aoarop o aea ae roaopaji Barne, cax ae roaopaji oa 
o BBoroa, *to ob bbm DOAapaui b uaTepaaJiax cbobx tdkctob" (Marepaaji a 6 a o - 
rpaipaa // Maayamee. Bus. 9. C. 428). 

"YAa^Boe onpeAeneaae "aayae o Ayxe" Aan 3jijihc ■ anoxy caoero yBJieveaaa 
AoarpBBOB IIlTeBBepa: "Stbu TepMaaoa toibo onpeAenaeTca to Teieaae b coBpeinaaoa 
repuaacaoa oaayjivrBaMe, aoropoe bcxoabt aa TpeGoaaBBB asyiaTi. aajieaaa csepxie- 
CTecTaeaHOro icapa crporo aayvao a npeanojiaraer utrrop, oBieKTBBBOro cauoeoaaaaaa, t. 
e. cosepnaaaa Bucmero aapa vepea caoe aucmee "H", aeasKeBBoe a aeTjieaBoe aaiajio 
b AyxoBBoa wsjiomeKe" (3aauc. "^apcBlpaJn, , * Paxapaa Baraepa // Tpyan a abb. 1913. 
J« 1—2. C. 38). 

n 3TBMOjioraa cjioaa "reopaa", aaa ciBTaeT A. <I>. Jlocea, "yaaabnaer Ha thea, tto 
anaiBT "spejiaiAe", a aa rnaroJl horo, vro aaaiBT "caoTpio" ana "aaaty" (...). Cjiobo 
"theoria" npeACTaanaer co6om Taaoe cocToaaae coaaaBaa, Koropoe aaeeT cbobm npeaue- 
tom opraaBaoBaBByio, oepopujieaayjo AeacTBaTejibBOCTb a KOTopoe aaajiBTB^ecaa-CBB- 
TeraieCKB aoBCTpyapyeT airy neBCTBHTejn,HOCTi. aa ocaoae BenocpeACTBeaaoro BBAeaaa 
bjib coaepnaHaa". Y IIjiaToaa Tea uoacao "co^epaaTb" "acaayio cynmocrb" (Jloctt A. *. 

SSO 



Hcropaa aaTweaoa scTeTwtB. Cocpaerbi, Conpax, IIjibtob. M., 1969. C. 458, 462, 463). 
y<mTMBaa to, tto fljM IljiaToaa "cymHOCTb" npHHaflJieatirr mp.eaja.uouy aapy, a Taicxe 
to, hto cnoaa thea b the6s (Bor) tpoaeTHHecKH 6jib3kb, ihmkbo o6i.«chbxi> ae Baojiae 
KoppeKTHoe onpeAejieaae Bejibiu "cpoaeTHiecKoro" (aTauojioraiecKoro) cimcJia cjiobb 
KaK "jianeapeHae SoacecxBa". 

IIoAo6Hyio ace AByaaaiHOCTb cjiosa "Teopaa", o KOTopoii unfix pern, b aauuou 

KOBTCKCTC (cKMCJIbl CpOHeTHICCKBH H KpBTBieCKBa), EeJlblB OTMe<MJI ■ B CTBTbe 

"3u6jienaTBKa cifucjia" (1909): "...ten AOJiataa 6birb xeopaa: aojibehb jib oaa 

BbmOABTb U» CABBOTO nOSBBBBXCJIbBOrO npBBIUina yCJIOBBJi B03HOHCHOCTB OOMTa, 

bjib obb AOJiacsa onHCbiaan. BayTpeaae nepexaBaeicbia bcoSxoabmo bjiojkbbhub 
b sac apoaecc nocTpoeaaa aceB03H0HCBbix Teopaii? B tbkoic cjiyiae, meopux 
AOJiacaa coxpasBTb cuncji, aaKJUoieaBUB b rpeiecnou cjiobc, KOTopbm ui oojn,- 
ayeuca: OHa aojibcbb 6brrb SoMcecmteHHUM (the6s) nidntutM (orao)" (Ciaionuv. 
C. 80). 

"Ho npoBcxoKAeHBM cjiobo "cBBrrea" CBI3BB0 c rpe«teCKnu rjiarojiou "cKJiBAMBaTb, 
coeABBBTb, caaabiBaTb", t. e. era "ibcthh" ciuicji ne apeABOJiaraer, c xoikb apeaaa 
Bejioio, aSconiOTBOto cjiaaaaa, bo Jiann. KOJiaiecTBeaaoe "conojioaceaBe". Ob ciBTaer, 
"...tto uobbtbm "cuumea" u "paccydoiHuu cutanea" — xaBxojioraa" (IIo<ieicy a ctbji 
cbkbojibctoh II Cuhbo jiu a u.C. 455). B npoTaBOBOjioacaoii cuucjie oho ynorpeBjiaex- 
ca b KpamraecKOB cpajiococpaa Kbhtb: "IIoa CHmreaoM b cauoit mapoKox cubicjie 
a pasyaeio npacoeABBeaae paajiaiabix npeACTBBJieaBa Apy k Apyry b nonaManae bx 
MBOTOo6paaBX b eduHOM (BbiAejieao uhob. — if. JI.) 3nanaa" (Kpima i h c x o r o 
p a a y it a. C. 85). CoapexeHBoe aayiao-xeopexaiecicoe aaaaae acnojibayeT b ocbobbok 
"KpaTBiecaoe" aaaieaae cjioaa "cHHTea". 

51 fljia Bejioro sto nojioaceaae aiteex npaanaaaajibBoe aHaieaae. Ob BoaBpaTBTca 
K Bevy b pa6ore "Iloieuy a ctbji cbmbojibctom", <m>6bi nOApo6no oxapajnepaaoBaTb 

CBOeo6pB3Be COOCTBCBBOB "cBlfBOJIBieCKOa" TBOCeOJIOTBB B ee OTJIBIBe OT n CBBTeTB3M:a". 

CaiiBOjiaaM (ot epev. symballo — c6pacbiBBTb b oabo uecxo, cjiasaTb, coeABBBTb) 
— KOBKpeTeB b aBcojuoTea KaK KaiecTaeaHO-KOJiaiecTBeBBoe cahbctbo, "caaTexaaa 
b xeopexaiecKoit BCKptiTBB ecTb panaoaajiaau" (Cbmbo jib31<. C. 439). "Ajibcpoa 
b oueroa" caoero "xoaKpeTHoro uapoBoaapeaafl;'' CHUBOJiacxa Bejibia aaatiaaex Teaac: 
"...MapoBoaapeaaa — yaxa; obb itexoAfci; hx unoro; caaxea ace hx — nycr, noxoay «m> 
CHBTCTaiecKoe cabbctbo caaocoanaaaji TOJibKO paccyAOYaaa <popua b jibiboii coaBaaaa; 
(...) caMoco3BBiom.ee "»" b ero "como" yate ae ecTb caaTe3 paccyAOiabia, so caBxea 
b AeBCTBBrejibBOCTa; ob « mpenueM, onpe/jejiaiomeM tmopoe (jiaiayio (popuy) a nepioe 
(cOAepacaaae); nocKOJiucy ob bb mo, na mo CBBTeaa, ob — Be CBBTea, a cum»oa (C. 455). 
CxoABbm o6pa3oa Bejibia cpopayjiapyeT paanaHBe lceacay "cbbtc3ou" b "rpaAanaea", 
auea b Baay MBpoBoaapeaae IHTeBBepa. 

"Ilpa nySjiBKaiuiB cbocb CTaxba "Die Antroposophie unci Bussland" ("AaTpo- 
nococpaa a Poccaa") b Beuenjcou KypaaJie "Die Drei" (Hjojn. — asrycT 1922) Bejibia 
nepeAaeT 6yKaajibBbiB cubicji pyccKoro cjioaa "cosaaBae' 1 (mm.: Bewusstaein) kbk 
"Zusammenwissen" {pyc: coaoKyuHOCTb aeaaafi). B npyrax pa6oTax aroro nepaOAa oa 
paocpbraaeT saaieaae Aaaaoro noaaTaa noApo6aee. "Coananae ecTb nepaaiaaa a cabb- 
ctbbbbo Aaaaai uau BHTyanaa nejioro, — OTicetaeT oa b craTte "Ocbobu aoero 
uapoBoajpeBBa" (Bepjiaa, 1922), — "H" — hi BHemae, aa BHyxpeaae, bb cy6beKT, aa 
o&beKT. Oho ecTb "Cauo" (Selbst) aaniero "Co" (cocraBa) 3Haaaa" (JlaTepaTypaoe 
o6o3peaae. 1995. J^fi 4/5. C. 16). "CoaHaaae ecTb ocBenieaae BOKpyr ce6a npeAaeroB b hx 
CBK3B Apyr c Apyroii", — npoaoJiwaer Bejibia cbob paccyatACHHa aHcTopaa flynia 

551 



" H«fl pOMSHOK "IIeTep6ypr" Bejiua pa6oraji c oxTx6pa 1911 r. no aoaSpii 1913 r. 
06 acTopan co3a*hb> npoasa. cm.: floAionoAot JI. K. Taop*ecxaa BCTOpBB ■ BC- 
TopBJto-jmxopaTypHoe asanasae poaaaa A. Bejioro "IIeTep6ypr" // £muu Andptu. 
nerep6ypr. JI., 1981. 

** Cy6jmicHHajifcHoe npocrpaHCTBO a aaTponococpBB o6o3naiaeT "sopor coaaaBBi" 

— uorpaeaiHyio ofuiacTB, ran npoacxoABT CTOJatBoaeBae 5ecco3HaTOJibBoro b coanrteju.- 
Boro aaiaji a lejioaeae; 3aoci» sto aeracpopa npeoGpaaoaaaa* "6eccB«3Hkix" ABCxperBBix 
uobstbb a nejiocraoe, BHTyaTBBHO-oSpajHoe "luimjieaBe". 

** Haeerca a aauy aayita BOo6m,e aaa Toinoe bjib onkrraoe 3b«bb« o nape (ecrecTao- 
sbbbbb, uareuaTBaa a np.). 

** Peib bast 06 yTaepatAeBBB KaBTa, xoTopoe oh AOxaauaaer a "Kparraxe iHCToro 
paayaa" (1781), vro aoeroaepBoe aayiaoe aaaHBe aMeercx tojubo a HaTeaaTaxe bjib 
ecrecTBOSBaBBB, a (paJiococpaa, aayuuoinaji "ba6b" (bobbtbi paayaa). Baa nniu 
aayaa — Heaosuoatna. 3bb<ibt, c aroa toixb speaaa, b "Ayxoaaaa Hayxa", a ocaoae 
KOTOpoa xaxace JieataT "Bflea" (aoaanie aaTpoaococpcxa), ae aaasT ciuicjia. 

** Afieppanaa (Mm.: aberrare — OTXJiOHxn.ca, aa6jiystABTbca) — aayqaua -repass, 
npaMeaaeMBia a onTaxe, acTpoHOMaa, Sbojioibb b oaHaiaiontBB BCxaateaBoe aao- 
6paaceaae. 

** mTeaaep aaausaer caoe yieaae "aayaoa o Ayxe" (Geistei wisaenachaft), Tan Kan 
no ocHoay cocTaajiaeT "oDUTBoe" noaaaaae, bo sto noaaaaae oco6oro "iBCToro" onura 

— (popau ACBCTBBTejibHOCTB, ia« MMnuieHae (aflecfc: Ayx) aajiaerca (paxroM onbrra. 
B Oiepie reopaa Doamiii oh paccacaTpaaaeT "onfcrr" a AByx "oTBomeBaax": 
"Bo-aepaux, nocxojibxy aca AeacTaBTOjikBOCTi. aae iu>imjieHBa bkost (popuy aajieaaa, 
KOTopax Aonacaa awcTynaTi. a <popue onura. Bo-aropux, oocxojiucy a npapoAe aamero 
Ayxa, cymBOCTb ao-roporo aeo> coctobt a coaepnanBB (t. e. AeaTeJXUBOCTB, BanpaaJieBBoa 
aapyacy), aaJioateao to, *to noaneaumae aaSjiiOAeBBK) npenaeTM acrynaioT a nojie ero 
apeaaa, t. e. onaTb-Taxa abjotcx eay nyrea onura <.••)> bctbbbob coAepacaaae aayxa 
ecTb aoo6me bc aocnpaaaTaa ucoibu uaTepaa, a a Ayxe nocTBrsyTU ane> (»npeo6- 
paaoaaaBhia taenia onur. — H. JI.) (C. 23, 54). 

"To, tto Benua BaauaaeT "Teopaea o&McaeBBB" nTreaaepa, Ha canon nent 
opeACTaajueT co6oa caMOcroarejn>Boe nocrpoeBae Bejioro: "...conocTaaaa narraTM, a bbi- 
ayjl aeat aax raeaAamyioca crpoaayio Teoaaoo oSucann, BpaBBAJieatamyio otibctb 
b aae a tok OTaomeaBB, tto cbm-to Aoarop o aeii ae roaopaJi aarAe, aax ae roaopaji ob 
O MBOrOM, 1TO OB BBM HOAapBJI B MaTOpBaABX CBOBX tckctob" (MaTcpaaji X 6 B o • 
rpacpBB // MaByaaiee. Btm. 9. C. 428). 

"YAaiHoe onpeAejieaae "aayxe o Ayxe" AaJi 3jijibc a anoxy caoero yaneveBaa 
AOBTpaaoa niTeaaepa: "3tbu TepicHHOU Tonao onpeAeJiaeTca to Teveaae a coapeaeBBOM 
repaaBCXou OKKyjaTaaae, xoropoe bcxoabt aa TpeSoaaBBX HaynaTb aBJieaaa caepxie- 
CTOcraeaBoro iiapa crporo aay^ao b npeAnojiaraer hctoa o&fcexTaanoro cauocosaaBaa, t. 
e. coaepABBBa abicmero aapa iopea csoe aucinee "H", BeaaaeBaoe a BCTAeaaoe bbhojio 
a AyxoBBOU lejiOBexe" {Saauc. "napcatpajn," PaxapAa Baraepa // TpyAfci b abb. 1913. 
J* 1—2. C. 38). 

"dTBMOJioraa cjioaa "xeopaa", xax ciBTaeT A. <J>. Jlocea, "yxaanBaeT sa thea, ito 
SHaiBT "apejiBme", b aa r/iaroji horo, tto aaaiat "cuorpio" bjib "aaaty" <...). Cjiobo 
"theoria" npeACTaajueT co6oio Taxoe cocToaaae coaaaBaa, KOTopoe aaeeT cbobu npeflue- 
tom opraaaaoBaBByio, o^opajieaayx) AeBCTBBTejibHocrb b KOTopoe aBBJiBTBHecKB-CBH- 
TeTBiecxB KoaCTpyapyeT sry achctbhtcjiiiHOCTIi hi ochobo BenocpeACTaeaBoro BHfleHaa 
bjib coaepnaHBa". y IIjiaToaa Tax mobuio n coaepiiaTi>" "acaxyio cymaocrB" (Jlocm A. 0. 

550 



Hcxopaa bbtbhbob acxexauB. Cocpacrbi, CoKpaT, rijiaTon. M., 1969. C. 458, 462, 463). 
y<)HTi.iBa> to, ito una IljiaxOHa "cymaocTb" apaaaAJieacax B«eaJibBouy rnipy, a tame 
to, ito cjiobb thea b thefa (Bor) cpoHeraiecicB 6jib3kb, hoiuo o6tacHHTb He aaojiae 
KoppeKTBoe onpeAeJieaae EejiMit "djoaeTBHecKoro" (aTaiioJioraiecKoro) citbicjia cjiobb 
xax "jianespeHHe 6oatecxBa". 

noflo6ayjo ace AByaaaiaocxb cjiobb "Teopaa", o Koxopofi aAex peib b abbbob 

KOHTeKCTC (cMblCJIbl (pOBeTBHCCKBH H KpBTBieCKBB), BeJIbIB OXMeHBJI B B CTBTbe 

"3i(6jieHaTBKa croicjia" (1909): "...icu aojiwbb 6bixb xeopaa: aojischb jib oaa 
BbmoAHTb as CAHaoro aoaaaBaxeJibaoro apaanjaaa ycjiosaa bo3I<o»bocxb onura, 
ajnt ohb aojibcbb oBHCbmaTb BayxpeBae nepeauuaeiibiB aeo6xoABVo bjiobubbmb 
b Hac npoKecc aocxpocBaa BceBoauoacabix Teopaa? B tbkou cjryiae , meopux 
AOJiacaa coxpaBHTb CMbicji, aaKJiioteHHMB b rpeiecKOM cjiobc, KoxopbM mm aojib- 
syeuca: oaa aojibcbb 6bixb BoMcecmteHHUM (the6s) audtHutM (orao)" (Ciuiojihu. 
C. 80). 

" IIo npoBCXoacneBHio cjiobo "cBHTea" CBaaaao c rpeieCKau rjiarojiou "cKJiaAbioaxb, 
coBABBBTb, CBSabiBBTb", x. e. ero "ibctbib" ciuicji ae npeAaonaraex, c toikb apeaaa 
BeJioro, a6cojiK>xHoro cjiaaaaa, bo Jinan. aoJiaiecxBeaaoe "conojioateHiie". Oh CHBrratrr, 
"...tto nOHBTHi "ctiHmta" a "paccydoHHuii cunmea" — xaBTOJioraa" (Iloieiiy a cxan 
cbKbojibctou // C a m b o ji a a it. C. 455). B npoTBBonojioatHOit ciu.icjie obo yaoTpeSjiaex- 

C» B KpBTBICCKOB CpBJIOCOCpBB KaHTB: "lion CHHTCSOM B CaMOlC JHHpOKOR ClfblCJIe 

a paayueio npacoeABBeBBe paajuraaux apeACxaBJieaka npyr k Apyxy h nomntanae ax 
liaorooSpaaaa b eduHOM (abwejieao uboh. — M. JI.) aaaaBji" (KpiTnia i a c t o r o 
paayua. C. 85). CoBpeKeaaoe Bayiao-xeopexBiecicoe aaaaae acnojibsyex b ochobbom 
"aipBTBiecicoe" SBBieaae cjiobb "cHBxe3". 

11 fljia Bejioro 3to aojioHteaae HueeT npaananaajibHoe saaqeBae. Ob B03Bpaxaxca 
■ aeuy b paSoxe "Iloieuy a ctbji cbmbojibctou", <m>6bi noApo6no oxapaKTepaaoBaxb 
csoeo6pa3Be co6ctb«bbob "cHicBOJiaiecKOB*' raoceojioraa a ee oTjraiae ox "cBBxexBaMa". 
Cbubojibsu (ox epti. symballo — cSpacbiBBTb b oaho KecTo, cjiHBaxb, co«abhxti>) 
— KOBKpeTea b a6coJiH>reB kbk KaiecxBeBBO-KOJiBiecxBeaaoe cabbcxbo, "cbbxbxb3u 
b xeopexBiecKou BCKpbixBB ecxt panaOBajmau" (Cih>ojiiiu. C. 439). "Ajibcpoa 
a oueroa" caoero "KOBjtpexaoro MBpoBoaapeBaa" cbubojibcxb Bejibia aaabiBaex xeaac: 
"...MBpoBoaapeaaa — yaaa; oaa uexOAbi; ax uaoro; caaxes ace ax — aycx, noxouy «rro 
CBHTCTaiecKoe CABBCTBO caitoco3BBHa* xojibjto paccynoiaaa cpopaia b jibiboii cosaaaaH; 
(...) CBHOCosaaiomee "x" b ero "como" yace ae ecxt caaxea paccyAOHHtia, bo chbxcs 
b AeacxBHxejibBOCxB; oa • mpemheM, onpeaejiaiomeu amopoe (jiaiayio cpopuy) b neptoe 
(cOAepacBBBe); Bocaojiucy oa bb mo, bb sma caaxe3a, oa — ae caaxes, a ciuuaoA (C. 455). 
CxoABbiii o6pa3ou Bejibia cpopuyjiapyex paajiaqae ueatAy "cBBxe30it" a "rpaAaqaeB", 
aaea b BBAy liapoBoaapeaae DIxeBHepa. 

"Ilpa nyfijiBKanaa cbocb cxaxba "Die Antroposophie und Russland" ("Aaxpo- 
nococpaa a Poccaa") b aeitenjiou acypaajie "Die Drei" (bkud, — aarycx 1922) Bejibia 
nep«AaeT SyKBajibBbia ciaicji pyccKOro cjiobb "cosaaaae" (hum.: Bewusstaeia) aaa 
"ZusammenwiBsen" (pyc: coBOKynuocxb 3hbbbb). B Apyrax pa6oxax stoto nepaoAa oa 
paotpbrnaex aaBHeaae abbboto noaaxBa aoApo6aee. "Cosaaaae ecxb nepBBiaaa b enaB- 
CTBeaao Aaaaaa aau aBTyanaH nejioro, — oxuenaex oa b cxaxte "Ocbobu uoero 
KapoBoaapeaHa" (Bepjiaa, 1922), — "H" — bb Baenme, bb Bnyxpeaue, bb cyBteKx, aa 
o6%«kt. Obo ecxb "Cauo" (Selbst) aaniero "Co" (cocxaaa) aaaBaa" (Jlaxepaxypaoe 
o6oapeaae. 1995. J^fi 4/5. C. 16). "Coaaaaae ecxb ocBeaieaHe soapyr ce6i apeAnexoa b bx 
0BI3B Apyr c apyroii", — apoAOJi»aex Bejibia cbob paccy iKAeaaa iHcTopai nyma 

551 



(C. 383) a amice namsT o "neHTpajibaoa toikb coaHaaaa", "TOixe "co" nan otbjicichhou 
hohbthh o HesocM eflBBCTBe, CTumek 3aaic paaesCTBa Meatfly co6oh h "H" (C. 647). 

"Pe«tb HfleT o aBaueHHTOK aonomeamm cppaanyscuoro cpajiococpa Peae J\otapra: 
"Cogito, ergo sum" (Mim.: a iimcjiio, cjienOBBTejn>BO, a cymecTByw); KapTe3BH (Renatus 
Karteaiiu) — JiaTBBBSapoBaaaoe at* /JeKapra. 

"B KpaTBiecKOH (pHJioctxpHH KaaTa npo6jieica cosaaaaa: caaaMBaeTCH npeatfle 
Bcero c paccyno>iHin« nosaaBBea ("a cymecTByio" = "a Mkicjuo" = co3flaio noHaraa), 
<rro fljia Eejioro aajueTca HeaocTaTOvauii. Cp.: "TpaHcqeHfleHTaJikHoe eAHBCTBO annep- 
nennHH (t. e. caaoco3aaBBe. — H. JI.) ecrk to cabbctbo, Sjiaroflapa KOTopouy ace a>bboc 
b coaepnaHHB waorooopaaBO o&teAaaaeTca b noajmie 06 o&mktc (...) iraoroo6pa3Hoe 
a coaepnaaHB BeoSxoflBiio otbocbtcb a oAHOiry h Touy we m mucjdo; cjieaoaaTejibHO, oaa 
BOAHBHeea nepaoBa>iajTj.BOMy eABBcray coaaaaaa nocpeflCTBOu iBCTOro paccyAaa" 
(KpiTio iBCToro paayua. C. 104). 

" "Co3aaaae, npenCTaBJinomee co6oh cymaocTi. lyBCTBeHBOB peajitaocTa, — sto to 
"Ayxoaxioe", — 3BMeiaeT IQTeBBep, — KOTopoe, no-BBAHicoiiy, OTspbrnaerca BayrpH 
leJioaeaa, ho b AeBCTBBTejiiaocTB npsBaflJiesurr lyBCTBeaabw Bemait b TyBCTaenabia 
aponeccau" (Oiepa leopn doiiibii. C. 9). Tanuc oopaaou, BpoBBKHOBeafle 
a rjiyoHHy co6cTBeHBoro coaHaaaa ("cTaaoBJieaae" cauocosaaau) cxaHOBHTca Taiuae 
noaaaaaeu "cyBCTBeaaoro uapa. 

M Oapenejiaa acxoAoyio -roiay Teopaa Boaaaaaa, I&reBBep c«urraeT, <rro oaa jieacBT 
bbc aosHaaaa, ho HenocpencTBeHHO nepefl hhm; "cJieAyromim mar, KOTopwa, hcxoax as 
see apeoapBueT «teJio»ea, aajiaeTca yae noaBaaaTejiBaoH AeayrejiuiocTMO (...); Taaoe 
aaiajio Boater out* CAejiaao tojiuco c HenocpeACTseHHO gasHUM ofipaaOM iwapa, t. e. Teu 
oSpaaoK uapa, KOTopuB npaaaAJieKBT lejioacKy, npeatfle «ieii oa noABepr ero isaa 6m to 
aa 6uno aponeccy nosaaaaa (...); 3to jmnieaauii season cbbsb b Bce-Taaa ae paaACjiea- 
uhtm aa BBABBBAyajn.Hbie wcthoctb o6pas impa (...); OTfleJieaae BBAHBBAya;n»Bi>rx 
lacTBOCTei as coaepnieHHO cjiBTBoro flaaaoro o6paaa uapa eeri. yace aire MbicjiBTejibHofi 
AeaTejibHOcra" (Hctbbb b aayxa. C. 26). 

" Bojiee noApo6ao Bcjimb xapaKTepaayeT caaoco3HaHne iHctopn a y m h, me, 
b lacraocTB, oraeiaer: "...cauocosaaaBC ae ecri. coaaaaBe, a naace ae caiconoaaaaae. 
CauonoaHaaae ecxk pacapbiTae npajcrBiecKoa cbjiob paccyAxa cbobx rny6BB; 3to 
nponecc aaajnua a pasrjiana ce6a (...)• Canoco3BaBae ecn. "fla 6yAeT n , cKaaaaaoe ce6e 
(...), ecri. BHeceHHe TaopiecKOH bojib b coaHasHe a b nosaaaBe (...) "fl" jutiaoe 
— (pHKnaa, BOTOuy hto "fl" bbaj:b<ibo; obo — opraHBayionaa cajia He oflBoro 
coaaaHHB, a apyra cosbbbbb, tae orAejitaoe "co" OTnejibBbix coaaaaHB — jibbd. toikb 
aoaoa tpHrypu, pesyjifcTaTapyiomea opraaasaiiBK) ax; b Kpyr acex arax "co" ecrb 
aOBBUBBBe DeBTpaJIi>Boro "co" — acex coaaaaaH, Kax cwuai co-oco3aaaaa co3aaaBa; bo 
3to BOBoe "co" — aojieaoe a TBopiecKoe — ecTt "ciao": cOMOComaHue name" (C. 383, 
647—648). 

"3th AMHaAKaTb "aaprBB uapa" mTeaaep upaBOABT b naajie JieKnaa "He^oaeiec- 
aaa a aocaaiecaaa Mfcicjii" (jieKnaa 4): cnapaTyajiasu, aBeBiiaTBau, bcbxb3ii, Bne- 
BJIB3B, paaBoaajiaau, tiaTCuaTasu, uarepaanasu, ceacyajiBSM, (peHOueaajiBau, peajiB3ii, 
ABBauasu, uoaaABaic. Bejitia oSuhbo aasbisaeT 3tot iqhkji "XXXHI xypc" a iaCTO 
BOA'iepKBBaeT, hto ob XBJiae-rca aBTpoaococpcKOB napajijienbio ero CBHBOJiBiecxau 

BBTyHaBJiH. 

"Hhctub onfcrr, corjiacao fflTeaaepy, "ecxk ^>opa:a ACBCTBBTejibBOCTB, b aoTopoa 
OHa Bait aajiaeTca, ko*ab •">• apoTBaocToau ea c bojibuic OTpemeBBeu ot caicax ce6a 
(...). Oh ecn. jnum. aeaaa coBnecTaoCTb b npocTpancxBe a nocjieAOBaTejiiHocTi. bo 

552 



Bpeueaa; coBoxynaocTb jmnrj* 6eccB*3Bfcix OTAejibBocrea (...) Ha aroa eryneaB aaaHBH... 
h Bama co6cTBeHHa> jibhboctii nuiieTO B30JiapoBaHBOH ot npoiero uapa OTaejibaoc- 
tuo" (Oiepic Teopaa a o a H a H H JI. C. 22 — 23, 27). 

** EDTeaaep paccxarpHBaeT paayii k«k cnocoSnocxi aocnpaaaiiaTi. "oeJiocTaoe enaa- 
ctbo scero Sura*", paccyAOK ace "orpaBB*ea coaepnaaaeii uapa tojimco b ero paaieua- 
hchboctb h pacnane aa OToejifcHOCTH" (OiepK icopia oonimi. C. 51); b moikbt 
no3BBHB> paccyAOK cosaaeT noaBTBH (BeJibrfi HcuojitayeT anecb cjiobo "saaBae"), paaya 
we blimmjuut BMcmee eaaBCTBO paccyaoisbrx oouia (Bejibifi rosopHT o "co-aaaBBB" 

KBK CBJI3H 3HaHBJl). IIoCKOJIMty neBCTBBTejIBBOCTb, CIHXaCX HlxeHHtp, eCTb eflHBCTBO, 

a loaowecTBeHHOCTi. ■ KHoroo6pa3He Be HiteeT BBiero o6mero c "cymecTBOi*" oeacT- 
BBTejibHOCTB, to tot, "kto nocTaraeT aeicTBHTejibHOcrb oabbm jiaim> paccyaxov, yaajia- 
eTca ot Bee" (C. SO). 

41 AjunoaBa na nrreBaepoBcaoe BMCKaauBaaae o Tere: "Kaa Bcaicaa bbosi> 
ontpbrrai miaaeTa aoJiatna BpamBTbca BOKpyr cbocb aenOAJUucaoB asean*!, 
coTJiacao saKonaii Kenjiepa, tsk KaBtnuB nponecc b opraaa<iecKOB npapoge 
nporeicaeT BeBaoeacao b cootbctctbbb c Baeaua Tere. Ilponeccbi aa aBeauBOM 
ae6e Ba6juoaana aaaonro no Kenjiepa b Konepaaiea. Ho xojibico obb aanuia 
aaKoau. OpraBBiecKBB uap npapoAM Ba6jiionaJiB aanojiro ao TcTe, Tere ace 
yamaeji ero 3aKOHOMepaocTa. Tere — Konepaax b Kemiep opraaaiecicoro aapa" 
(Ober das Wesen und die Bedeutung von Gqethes Schriften iiber organische 
Bildung // Einleitungen. S. 106). 

"Htoobi noAiepKBVTi> caoeo6pa3Be aaxponococpcKoro "npaxcaca Ubicjin", Bejiua 
ynoTp«6jiaeT xepiura BCBxacTOB (npaitei. 146 k tji. 3), lea o6pas bumhh a oco6aa 
KOJiBTsa Cyicaoe aeJiaHae") 6biJiH aanpaBJieau aa npcTBateaae UBCTBiecKoro coaepna- 
hh> Bora ("cxoBcneaBe yaa b cepane"). "yimoe aeJiaHHe" — XpacToaa MojiHXBa, npa 
KOTOpoa pBTM cepnne6aeHHa aojiameroca: coanaaaeT c paraou npoH3HeceHBJi Bueaa 
XpBCTa. 

41 CancKpHTCKHH TepuBH "uuma" (ot rjiarojia "a-itam" — cuoxpexb, yaaaaaTb), 

KOTOpuB B ApeBBeBBABBCKOB pejIHTB03HO-CpHJIOCO(pCKOB TpanBTJBB BMejI HCCKOJIbKO 

aaaveBBB — axo b cbhobbm ae6a (bjib axuocdiepbi), rae npe6biBaiOT caexHJia, b TOHKoe 
nepBoaemecTBO, admpaaa cy6cTaanBX, npoBB3MBaioin.aa BceJieaayio, aa Koropoa npoac- 
xoabt see cymee, b npocTpaaCTBO aoo6me, — stot Tepiuia Bbiji nepeocMncjiee b aHTpo- 
nocoipCKOii yienaji IIlTeBHepa Kaa nexoe uapoBOC caicocoaaaaae — xpaHHJiHme caepx- 

lyBCTBeHBOB UHpOBOB nalUTB, B KOTOpyiO BHOCffTCH BOJieBLie BMnyjItCbl, HyBCTBa 

a MiicjiH oxaejii.Hi.ix juoaei (t. Haa. "XpoHHKa AKanm"). "Bee, ito aejiaji b coaepmaji 
lejiOBeK, — yaaaeu Mbi H3 jieKSBB JUTeaaepa or 23 asrycTa 1906 r., — xot« 6bi sto b ae 
coo6maJioci> b BCTopaiecKax Kaarax, ocTaeTCi BnacaHabUi a tob BenpexonameB ac- 
TopaiecKOH KHBre aa rpaaane J^eBaxaaa (TeococpcKHH uap MeDxajibHtix (popic, bjib paa. 
— H. JI.), KOTopyio Ha3bixaiOT XpoaHxoB Aaama" (S G A. Bd. 95). Hto6i>i ypaBaoaecaTb 
BoeTOpaceaayio oiteaicy Bejioro yieaaa 06 Axaine, npHBeaeit Baeaae Jlfarrpan 0bjioco- 
(posa, aaropa aeBoJibinoB raaeTaoa peneasHji aa xojilko <ito Bbimeanryio icaary Bejioro 
"PyAOJibip IQxeBBep a rere" (dieapajib 1917 r.): "Jleroimcb IHxeHHepa BHrepecaee 
BCHKoro yie6uHKa (...). Ilpodieccop Aayma (aaTpono^or. — H. JI.) uyurreJibao raaaeT 
o aepBo6brraoa Kyjitxype no "nepenaw a ox6pocaa", a IHTeaHep ryjmex no aay 
AuiaHTaiecKoro oKeaaa (peib aaeT 06 HciesHyamefi ATJiaaTaae. — II. JI.), kbk y ce6a 
aoua, b sceit cbohk aBTopaxeTOU yxBepacaaex, ixo sto TO«e n 3HaHBe" (•••>. A. Bejitia 
roToa noffKpenBTb sto "aaantui" iyxb jib ae "PaKKepTOB b KoreHou"!" (OP P T B. O. 
25. K. 7. En. xp. 3). 

553 



** CaKOCoaaaBHC (bjib cauocoanaiomaji nyiua), khk noKasbiBaex BeJitm b He- 
to pan ay ma, pa3BHBaexcs or "yTpo6Horo cocToaHaa" (nepaue aeva xpacxaaacxBa) 
flo caoero pacnaera b XX b. Ha arou nyra oho npoxonm lepea i«Tbipe axana, 
onpcAeJiaionuuc Kan "aymeBjayjo", Tax b "TejiecHyio" xuiaBb nejiOBcaa: 1) cipepa «ynm 
omymaiomeH a cymecTBOBaaae b (pasaiecicou BJiaae ("flaaaoe" coaaaaae); 2) ctpepa 
aynm paccyAOiHOB m sbsbi. b atpapaoK TCJie ("ciBXHaBoe" coaHaHiie); 3) ccpepa Aynm 
coaauomea ■ 6brrae b acxpajibaoa uape ("aaeaABoe" coaaaaae); 4) opepa "H" (aa- 
ABBBflyyua), Korna MbiCJib o6pamaerca Ha ce6a, a HaiBBaerca Ae«T«JibBOcxb "flyxa" a "« 
«yxe". Cm. Taitate cjieAyiomae KouueBrapHB. 

41 CorJiacHO aaTpoaoco(pcKoicy yncBaio, tejiOBeiecKoe cymecTBO coctoht H3 Aeaaxa 
(bjib ceua) nacrea: xpex tbji ((pasaiecaoro, atpapaoro, acxpajibiioro); Tpex lacxea aynm 
(rtynm onrynuuoineB, Aynra paccyAOiaoa, Aynra coanaxejibaoa — Beja.ua ee o6braao 
BMesryeT "caKocoaHuomai") b ipex hjhshob ayxa (Cauoayxa, TKasaeAyxa ■ Jfyxoiejio- 
Beaa). Cumorjx (GeiBtselbst), nameT rUTeaHep, — "acrpajrtBoe Texto, aasoeBaHHoe "fl" 
■ npeoSpaateBHoe bm (...) BBxejuieBTyajibaoe paaaaTBe TOJioaeaa, ero oiBmsHHe h 06- 
jiaropaacBaaBae lyscxs b npoHBJieaBB bojib aBJiaerca uepajiou npeapameBBi acxpaxu.- 
boio Tejia b CaifOAyx" (Oiepi TiiiOBeneiii.C. 50 — 51). 3KB3HCAyx (Lebenegeist) 
— OBJiaACHHe "fl" acpapauu xejioM: "H" aanpaBJisex cbom Aeaxejibaocxb Ha H3«eBeBne 
cbohctb ero xapacrepa, ero TeicnepaMeaTa h t. a. (.■•). ero peJiaraoaaMe nepeiKBBaaBa 
a HHorae obutbmc sbbbbh aaneuTJieaaiOTCX b stpapaou xejie h npeapamaiOT ero 
a JKaaaeAyx" (C. SI). ^ynrae/ioaeK, bjib "Ayxoaaira icjiobck" (Geisteamensch), — npe- 
o6paaoBaaae Acaxejibaocxbio "fl" (paaaraecKoro xejia leJioBeaa: "K»* <paaaTCCKoe Tejio 
CTpoBTca as aemecTBa b cbji Baenmero aapa, tbk b "ayxoBBbia "lejioaea" cxpoaxca B3 
cocraBa AyxoBaoro Mapa. Oh — iacxb nocjieAHero" (H c x a a a a sayti.C. 93). Tajcaa 
oSpaaoM, apeoSpaaoBaaae "fl" (ayxoBBO-AynreBBOa cipepu) npaBO«Bx, corjiacao DItch- 
aepy, a BonjiomeHaio BowecxBeHBOro aaiajia b cauou lejioaexe — ero acxpajibaou, 
adtapaou a (pB3BiecK0M TCJiax. Hacyc Xpacroc aajiajica Ten oSpaanou, cjieAya KOTopo- 
ay ttoaeao pasBBTb b ce6e "^yxoiejioseaa". 

"Bejibm coeAaaxer b Aaaaou coaxeKCTe aaxponoco<pci(yK) ha«jo JfyxoiejiOBeaa 
a Teopaw 6oroiejioBe<iecxBa BjiaABuapa Cojiobbcbb, paaBHTyio m b "Hxeaaax o Borone- 
jioBeiecTBe" (1877 — 1881). HeJiOBC^ecTao, KOTopoe CojiOBbes paccMarpiuiaeT aaa "eflii- 
boc cymecxBo" a "aScojuoTBtia opraBaau", b pe3yjo>TaTe csoero pasBBTaa icpea "ac- 
TopaiecKHB npoqecc", t. e. "ocBo6oameaae lejioaeiecaoro cauocoaaaaaa a nocTeneHaoe 
OAyxoTBopeaae lejiOBeaa iep«3 BayTpeBBce ycBoeaae a passBTae SoHtecTBCBBoro Haia- 
jia" (CoMfhti B. C. Cot.: Bit. M., 1989. T. 2. C. 145), aojukho apeo6pa30BaTtcji 
b BoroieJiOBeieCTBO, craTb AeacTBHTejibBkm a aaABBBAyaJibabm BonjionnsaBCB BoacecT- 
Beaaoro Jloroca, HCTopaiecKBH apooBpaaoB Koroporo 6bui Hacyc Xpacroc. B B o c - 
aoMBaaaaax o Bjioae BejibcS apauo roaopBT o 6jib30ctb, c ero toikb 3peaaa, 
9TBX Aayx yieaBB: "...rpyaA-naBaa BapoBOsapeaaa CojiOBbcaa, ecrecTBeaao, coananaiOT 
c aHTponococpaei, aaa OHa AeKJiapapoaajiact UlTeBHepoM b 1912 roAy" (C. 38). ffiTCBaep 
Taaace ae paa o6pamajio a cbobx jieanaax, oco6enao b pyecaax ayAHTopaax, ■ jibvboc- 
tb a Boone ConoBMBa: 16 bjobb 1910 r. (SGA. Bd. 121), 7 aBaapa 1922 r. (SCA. Bd. 
210), 19 coHTafipa 1924 r. (SCA. Bd. 238). 

" Jloroc (;p«k.: 16gos — "cjiobo, aoaaTae, paayit"), uBBeanim xepucBa Apeaaerpe- 
lecKOB (pHJiococpaH, a 3aTen xpacTBaacaoro 6orocjioBaa, fiejibm ynoTpeSjiacT a Aayx 
CMbicjiax: 1) aaa "repaxxntTOBCKBa Jloroc (3M6jieuaTajca cubicua // Chmbojibsm. C. 
71 — 72) — 3ax0H scex aentea, OAymeBjiaiorsBB Bap a ToatAecTBeaabia c vapou b caoeu 
cOAepataBBB", Eeni "jioraiecKaa o6paa", HoaaojiajoiuBB paccaaxpaBarb "6bixae nan 

554 



diopay cyatfleiuril" (orciofla cojiaaceBBe Jloroca b Jioraxa); 2) aaa BoacecTBeaafcia Jloroc, 
aonJiomeaaMB ■ Hacyce Xpacre. IIoBBxaHBe Jloroca aaa Xpacra, Bnepaue a xpacTaaa- 
crae Bcrpetatomeeca a EaaarenHB or Hoaaaa a BAym.ee ot raocrBnaaua, 6uno aoc- 
npaaaTO icaa yxeaaeM Cojioabeaa, xaa a aaTponocodiBeB EDLrealHepa. Kpoae roro, Bejutui 
xopomo aaaaou c nonyjiapaoa a Kpyry cbmbojibctob Knaroa C. H. TpySenaoro "yqeaae 

Jioroce a era BCTopaa" (TpySmfHoii C. H. Co6p. co«i. M., 1906. T. 4), rna paccMarpaaaeT- 

01 Tpaoanaa MHoroo6paaHoro TOJiKoaaaaa noaaTaa "jioroc". 

" AaxpoaococpBa, noHBaaeaa* Bejum KaK npaa-raiecKBB "nyr* caMocoaaaaaa" 
TOJioaeaa — ero nyrk a XpaCTy, aiceer TO>aty nepeceieaaa c aaTponoJioraea — yHeaaea 
o lejioaeKe (epen.: anthropoa — i&jiobck) h xpaCTOJiorBea — yveaaeii o Xpacre, 
npoo6paae ■aeajiuaoroiejioaeKa. ' 

** O noBBMaaaB Bejn.nt aunyjibca cat. npaaei. 96 ■ in. 3. B craTM "Die Anthroposophie 
und Rusaland" Bcjimb oneuer: "nTreBaep onpeAejiaer anrponocodtBio KaK munyjn>c, 
no-Boaoxy coeABBaKHnaa npapoay Cocpaa (tpet.: sophia — lcyapocTfc. — H. Jl.) co acea 
cymnocTiijo veaoaeaa, a npoTBBonojioatHOCTk coeABBennio Codwa tojiuco c rjiaaoa 
icjioacKa, KorAa acxoAnaa back Cocpaa cTaaoaaTca aocTpaKTBuu aoauRBeu noaaaaBa 
(aMaennuu dnmocoipBa); a Kyjivrype coaaaaaa, a npoBBKHOBesBB maw, cepona a pyK 
cnxaea aoaaaeiaoa npemyApocTB (atiAeJieHo kbox>. — H. Jl.) "aarrponoc" craaoaBTca 
KOBKpeTBbiM "aHTpoaococpou" (pyc. nep.) (H Jl 0. 1994. JVs 9. C. 172). IIoAo6noeTOJiKOBaBBe 
aBipooocoipBB, CBBaaBBoe co cnenadMucoa BKeaao pyccKoro nepeacaaaBBB Codna, yae 
B aame apeua npOAOJiacaeT C. 0. IIpoKocpbea a Kaare n He6ecBa* Codiaa a cymecrao 
AaTpoaocodma" (Die fummlische Sophia und das Wesen Anthroposophie. Dornach, 199S). 

**Sui general (Mm.) — caoero pona, ocofioro poaa, caoeo6pa3HkiB. 

" Corjiacao ytemuo niTeaaepa, aaojnoiiaa lejioaeiecroa co apexesa aTJiaBTBiecaoa 
Karacrpodiu npoxoaanr oeicb ayrnvrypaMX anox (Zeitraume), cein. BcropBWCKBX pac CKenaiOT 
Apyr Apyra: 1) BBABacaaa; 2) nepcBAcaaa; 3) eraneTCKo-xaJiAeacKaa; 4) rpeco-jiaTBacaax; S) 
eaponeacaaa; 6) cjiaaaacKaa; 7) aoaaa paca, KOTopaa aapoAB-rca a 6yflymea Auepaae. 

" B AaaaoK KOHTeKCTe BejiMB OTTajncaaaeTCX or bach TBOCTanaaaa o lejioaeae aaa 
npoAyKxe nneaeaaa Ayma a KaTepaa BCJieACTaae KOCnaiecKoro rpexonaAeaaa b ero 
oeaoSoatAeaaa a nponecce uoaBanaa, npejioajuu ee iepe3 BCTopBOCocpaio Cojioafceaa. 

" noamneaae a AaaaoM aoaTeacTe Bateaa ca. OpaartBcxa Accaacaoro ae enyiaBHo: 
ero nponoBeaB atBaouy "cymecray" IIpapoAe, o Koroptix noaecTayiOT nonyjiapabie 
"I^bctohkb <KpaanacKa AccascKoro" ("cecrpaM nTBijau" b "6paTy aojucy", BBHorpaa- 
auutaM a Jiecax, pytkau a aerpy, "raaa 6p«Ty cojimry"), bbojibc anacbuiajOTC* a (Objio- 
cod)BM "aceeABBCTaa" Cojioabeaa (a saa<»T, c toikb apeHaa Bejioro, a aBTponocotpaio) 
a bmbbbo Tax TOjntoaajiBCfc pyccKBM n cepe6paai>n< BeKou" (cm., aanp., DpeABCJioaae 
C. H. ^ypbumaa a pyccKouy aanaaaio "I^aeTo<utOB". M., 1913): tarn Xpacra nojiynaeT 
Be tojiuco kochoc, bbcachhiib b YCJioaeKa, ao b npapoAa a iteJiox. 

"KaTapcac (ip**.: katharsit — ovameaae) — Tepuaa ApeBHerpeiecKoro yneHBa 
• Tparenaa, aaeAeaaua ApBCTOTejiea ■ "noaTBKe", KOToptm oaaaiaeT aymeaHyjo 
paapaoay, acntiTHBaeMyw spaTeneK a npoi^ecce conepeacaaaaBa. 

** Caaaa naeT (a obctobob "noaTBKe" Benoro Taaace iacro naeT Jiaaypa — uopcKoa 
MyoBBu) aajiaerca a repueTB<cecKoa TpaABnaa cbhbojioh nepaoaAaBaoa Tbin>i (aonpoc o tom, 
no^eay uu bbabk rucf canea, accjieAOaaji Tere a "yienaa o nacre"); 5e3AOBBocTb aeoecaoa 
nicoTbi a OAHoapexeaao SesAaa leJioaeHecaoa nyma — *ro tc "npocTpaacTBa", a Koropux 
"atBBer" nyx. IIoaToay a aaaBOM KOBTOKCTe o6pas "rony6oro" (caaero) "onpoKBayToro 
■yaoAoa xpaaa" craaoaBTca xapaKTepacTBaoa AymeaaOB cd>epu JUTeaaepa. Kpoae roro, 
■TeociKpcao-aBTponocotpcaoM; yieaaa o naeTOBOK A>oEm»e nejioaeaa (ero aype) cbbbb naeT 

555 



(nponjieHHU tun) OKpanmaeT nearp lejioBeiecKoa jibihoctb, Heaaii enabia npa joo6mx 
nepesonJiomeBBBX, — ero"H": "CoaHaHBecBoero "H"(t. e. cauocoaHiime. — H. Jl.\, — nanier 
fflTeaaep, — oSoaHaiaerca b aype tombum oaajioii, moxbo cxaaaTi. qojiboh TeiiaoTOB", 
KOTopyio ui BHAHU cuci (HZmeuHsp P. <iejiOBe<iecKOB aype // Becraax Teococpaa. CII6., 
1911. JVb 11 — 12). Taunt oSpaaoit, Bejn»ia, "oKpanmaaa" Boaapeaaui nTreuepa b cbhbb user, 
xapanepaayeT ax sax ottbcx mreaepoicioa anfl»BMAyajifcHOCTB, caBtocoaaaHBa. 

M Apffxyna (cancKp.: 6ejnviB, caerjrMa) — repoa ApeBaeaHABBCxaro anoca "Maxa6- 
xapaTa". 

" Kpanma — ApeBBeaBABBCKBa amnecxHa repon; b noaAaeic aaAyaaMe — OAiaa h3 
■BBtfiiMiee ncurraeunx asarap (boojutiubhiih) 6oxcctbb Barney. 

" Bejikm npiufln annaon B3 n Maxa6xapaTu", b vo-ropou Kpamma nepeA Haiajiou 
aejiaxon 6btbu na Kypyxnrerp* bbjubt ce6« ApAxyae xax aucmee 6oatecrBO (Benmy) 
■ craHOBBTca en KaaecBEVBM: (Maxa6xapaxa, VI, 23 — 40). 



T/1ABA TPETbfl. CBETOBAH TEOPMfl TETE M PyflOJlbO WTEI/IHEP 

1 (jMnadnuty buotobobckoio ■ reTOBCBoro boaxoaob k nomntaHio CBora DlTemep 
CBaausaer apexae acero c ocodcbbocmiih ax Kyju.TypHi.ix anox. B anoxy HuoTOHa 
(XVII a.) "6mjio norepaao omymeBBe peaJiujocTB dobhthh b bach, vro npaaejio 
x BCwaaoaeHBio sepu b nyx rax tbkobob. Haiajiaca. apa noKJioHeaHi <mcro uaTepHanuaoxy: 
b ecrecTBoaaaBMH aacTyiuuio apeiu Huotoea. Tenept, — npoAOJixaer mteaaep, — hbkto 
hc xotcji ■ Ayit an o eamHCiBe, jiexameM b ochobc lmoxecrBeHHOCTB uapa: Bcaxoe eoaHCTBo 
orpaaajioci. ■ 6uno HaaBeprayTO a» ypoaaa" "lejioaeiecKoro" HpencraBJieHaui. IIoAo6Hi.ni 
uapoBocapwrrBeif coojiaaaBJica a Hunoa, xorna yaaAeji b caere Be Baaawiuoe cahbctbo, 
a cocraBBoe imoxecTBo" (Goethe gegen den Atomisxmu // Einleitungen. S. 328). 

Tore, aanpoTBB, xui b anoxy, — xapaKTepaayer nheBBep XVIII b., — xorAa ace 
yiui BJiacTHO aaxBa*eau crpeujieHBeu x aSeojnoTHOxy 3HaHHio, anrymeKy yAOHJieraope- 
HH« b canon ce6e (...). Taxoe xe Bayrpeaaee caiioyr.ny6jieBBe 6mjjo CBOBCTBeaao anoxe 
boctoihob! Teocotbaa, DjiaroHa ■ ApBCTOTenx, noaAaee — ^exapTa ■ CnaHoau <...). 
flyx BpeueBJi, cjiobbo hckbh cdjiioba, npoHH3BiBaeT ace rereBCKae Boaapeaaa aa npapo- 
Ay, ■ OTCiOAa npoBcreaaeT ax caJia, bca* obi, KoaqeaTpapyacb aa lacTaacTXX, hc 
ynycxaioT aa BBfly o6myx> CBaai>. Hueaao noaTOuy aayxa TeTC acerAa HaneJieaa aa 
rjiaaaoe, a oco6eaao aro othocbtc« x ero yienaio o naeTe" (Goethe als Deaker und 
Foiacher // Einleitungen. S. 258—301). 

"IIo cyTH, peik bact o Aayx paanaiabix nOHHUanaax cjiobb n tpB3axa n . B anoxy 
TeTe (aa pyocate XVIII — XIX bb.) "(pHaBKoi" HaauaajiB upapoAy b nejioic (epe*.: physis 
— npapona) a secb Koiauiexc aayx, KOToptiS ceroAHa iiu 6ti oGieABaajia noaaTaeu 
"ecTeeTBoaaaaBe' 1 . Hmchho b a-rou citbicjie coBpeueoBBK bostb HeicenxBa poKaaTaa 
Hoaanac aaasaji Tere "nepBUM d^aaaxoa cbooto BpeHeHB" (cm. "Vorarbeiten zu 
vetschiedenen Fragmenttamliingen", J6 445). <t>aaaKa xe py6exa XIX — XX bb. (anoxa 
DlTeaaepa, BeJioro b Meraepa) - — aro aayxa o aaa6oJiee o6nnix CBoacrsax KaTepaa a ee 
orpoeaaB, b ocaoae xoropoa JiexaJia djiyHaatceHTajibaue aaxoHu o ABaxeaaa a aaaBuo- 
AeaeTBBa Ten, OTxpuTue Huotohom. 

1 <X>H3Biecxaa Ofrraxa HuOToaa a yveaae TeTe o nacre npOTBBOnojioxafci yxe 
b CBoax aexoABbex npaananax. Cornacao Teopaa HuOToaa, caeT BBJiBBTca CMectro 
iraeTOBBix xopnycxyji"(<iacTBn:), ABd^epeHqapyionrBXca npa npoxoxAeaaa iepea npa- 
aay. Bejn>ia naeT npa 3tou coaAaerca cjioxeaaex paajiBiHbix naeroB. C tohkh apesHH 

556 



re-re, dcjimh hbct — no nepaaHHMB, BepaaJioacaKMa (peaoBea ("npo-HBJiCHHtia" caer). 
Bee ocrajibHbie nana coc-roar aa CHcmeau caera h tuui, noa-rony ma aax, 6ojiee 
reKBbix, ten S&jimb naer, BeaoaKoatao coaA»Tb npa nonoma cjiowcbbji 6ejiaaay. Tbkbb 
oopaaoB, Huotoh MflCT ot npocTOB naeTOBOB Kopnycaynu K KOJiopnTy (coHeTRBBio 
BBeToa), a re-re, Banporaa, ot aojiopBTa k BbiaBJieaaio nepaaiaoro ajieaeaTa. 

* B naeroaoB apyre Tere (ok. «ajiee) am -rpa naera pacnojioawnbi paAon ■ aaaBBao 
neperecaiOT Apyr a npyra. 

* Bejn>iB BcaaHcaer ckmcji BMCKaauBaaBa MeTaepa, Koropbia xapaKTepaayeT ■ neic 
BuorosoaCKyio cpHSBKy, a He npoTaaonocTaaJiaeT HbMTona h Tete. Cp.: "Htric, c oabob 
cropoau, OTBJieieHBocTfc, c apyrofi — KaKHii-ro oopaaon c bom coaKenuuomaacx ™rpy6aa 
lyacTBeaHOc-rk"; bot >rro orapamaJio IVre ■ OTapamaeT niTeaaepa or BiiOToaaaua". 

'Cjiobo "acTeTH^ecKM*" Bejn.m ynorpe&naeT agec* ■ caoeu crapou aBaienwa 

— "lyacTBeHBufi' 1 ; cooiserCTBeBHO "acre-nuta Kpacoa" ■ aohbob aoHTeacTe — aro 
-reopaa naeroomymamia, (pBaaojionu nacToaoro apeBsa. 

7 Huotoh acnojiMyeT npaany (oco6uat KaororpaHHHK B3 npoapaiHOio aemeCTaa) 
AJia paajxomeBas "cjiosworo" cawra a naeroBOB cnex-rp. Tere me paccua-rpHBaer npaaay 
kbb Beayio nperpagy ("uyTHyio cpeay"), npoxo«a ckbo3i» Ko-ropyio, caer pasjiHiBMK 
oSpaaoM aa-reiCBaeTca b o6paayeT naeT. yieane o "ayTBofi cpeAe" aaa o canon tobkob 
b <cbcto uaTepaajibBOB SJieneBre aajiaercji nJia Tere acxonaoa toikoh acea xpouaiBKB. 
Ilpa stok ob cwrraer (peaoBea "nyTooa cpenbi" hctohrbkou acex naeToa — npatpeaoue- 
bob ("Ztir Farbenlehre'\ § 141). Terem., acenejio npaujCByBmaa k rereacKOBy y^eBBio 
o nacre, noApooao xapaKTepaayeT opaaKy aaa "noBpaiaxunce cpeAC-rao" a caoea 
"$SJioco(pBB npaponbi" (r»ttM. $BJioco<pH* npapoAM- M., 1975. C. 265 — 266). 

' Be» (Mm.) — aem>, npeflBBT; a 6ojiee nmpoKou cbmcjib — peajibsoc-n.. 

* 06 3TOK mmi m-reHBep a craTbe Teie npoTBa aTOBaaBa" (Einleitungen. S. 
302—330). 

'TereBCKoe yteBae o nse-te bbcjio «eno c Aayna cpopuaun AeacTBarejibBOCTa 

— (paaBHecKOH (aaer) a Bera<pB3BHecKoa (caer), noTOBy ito caer Ana aero npeAcraaJiaji 
coooii asaaiajibHyio ayxoaayio cymaocTb. Cp.: "CaeT b nyx, napamae — nepaua 
a (pasaiecaoB BBpe, aropoB — a uopajibaou, cyr* aucnuie Ubicjiaubie BCAejuiibie 
aHcprBa" ("MaacHBM a paaBbunjieaaa"). 

'Toaopa o "KCxaaaiecKOM opraHB^Baue , ', Bejibm Hueer a aany "pacnmpeBae 
KexaBBKB a cipepy opraaaiecKoa apapoAbi, h Tor^a 3aAaia "opraHBieCKOB cpB3BKB n , 
aaa ee noHBMaeT Bejibra bcjica aa DlTeBHepoB, — "pacnrnpaTb" opraHBiecKaa "BeTOfl" 
Tere ffjia aayveaaa BexaBBKH (t. e. HeopraaaiecKOH npapoAbi). 

"BejibiH hbcct a aany cjieAyiomyio ippaay MeTaepa: "...o caoeo6pa3BOB "<J)B3HKe" 
Tere moscho csaaarb, >rro xot« yneHBe o naerax a Be aajiae-rci aayaoio KyjibTypaoro 
paAB, Bo oao — una ayjibTypu". Me-raep npa arou ccbOiaeTca aa afcicKaabiBaaae Tere 
■ aacbue a rocooate (poa m-reaH, aaaacaaBoe no cjryiaio OKOBHaHaa pa6oTu hba 
xpoBBTHKoa: n fl ae pacKaaaaibcb a tob, ito noacepTBoaaji a-roa paoore ctojilko 
apeveBB. Ea a o6aaaa -ren, ito Aoc-rar tob ityjibrypbi, xo-ropyio Bae e^aa jib yAanocb 
npao6pecTB apyraB nyTeB n (PaaHbinuieaaa o TeTe. C. 127 — 128). TaaaB 06- 
paaoM, rere, aax a o6bPiBo, ynoTpe6jiaer cjiobo "ayjibTypa" a Ayxe BaJUkiejiuia 4>ob 
ryn6ojDaATa, t. e. a aaaieBBB, 6jib3kob "Bildung" (aHyTpeaaaa KyjibTypa, aeaoe 
" ayJibTHBapoaaBae jryxa"). MeTaep ate arpaeT nayBji aaaieBBHua cnoaa "ayjibTypa": 1) 
ayxoaaoe caBOaodnrraBae; 2) nBaajiBaanBii xaa Baenraee npoaajieaae ayjn>Typi.t, ao 
npa aroB aecuta orpaaaiaBaeT qcHBOCTb rereBCKax oTicpbiTaa ajiji paaaaTBa lejioBeiec- 
■ob ayjibTypti a aayaa a rjejiou. OTBenaa noaace BeJioBy no noaoAy axoro ate uec-ra 



557 



aaara, Meraep, <u 6m sa6i>iB, tto onnoBear aamamaji micHao Baytayio (o6meienoBe- 
tecayio) 3H«<tMicocTi> nTeaccoro "yieaaa o naeTe*\ a ae ynoMaaaa o caoea co6cTaeaaoa 
cbmcjiobob "arpe", aceniao ooaaaaeT Bejioro a BenoaaaaBBB caucjia aaeaao AyxoaaOB 
■ryjivrypbi: "...caa<p, KOTopua ocyatAea aa aeqaoe Toauieaae bo ityjivrype, noaa ax ae 
ycaoeaa 6ynn opraBBiecBaa nflea ayjibTypbi (ae ee cxeaaraHecxoe noaaTae ana 
onacaTentaaa (popayjia), aoaa oa ae noauoT, hto Banana BBaaae c«6a aaaaaea a Tpeaa- 
poaaaae ce6a ■ pasnaiBMX yaeaaax (xora 6h to Smjib oaayjibTBMe aeABTanaa) ae 
B«AyT one caaa no ce6e a Byjn»Type jibhhocth" (Otbct Bejioay. JI. 6). 

Meraep ■ caoea oneaae aayvaux oxaptrraa Tere ae anojiae caMOCTOBTejien, 
a ouapaeTca aecuia nacTO aa Maeaae dtasaaoB, b HacTBOcra, aa I\ IejiuirojiMia 
— caaoro aaBecTBOro ■paTaaa Tere, ccpopuapoBaBmero b aayraux apyrax BeraTBBaoe 
oSmeCTBCHBoe Kaeaae o rere-yHeaoa: ao-nepaux, ob alien oipoaaua aBToparer aaa 
accneaoaaTeJib cpaaaojionraecaoB oaTaaa (t. e. b ccpepe, 6jib3bob aayiBMu; aarepecaa 
Ton), BO-aTopux, oa xpaTaKOsaji xpouaTaay rare c noaanaa aaTeaaTaiecKoa odtbkh 
a oijeaaBaJi ero yneaae aaa "nossax)" b aaoroiacjieaHnx ny6jia«uu»ix (nouyjutpaux) 
Jieanaax a penax (cm., aanp.: rtMMioAUf f. nonyjiapaue aaymbie cra-nba. CII6., 
1866). Haeaao ero noaanaa dbuib BOAAepataaa, b lacTBOcra, aaytabnca apyraaa 
Poceaa. Tea, aaaecTBbia b aoane nponuioro aeaa <paaaa A. T. Ctojictob, cpaaaaBaa 
b cTBTbe "JleoaapAO a* Bbbib aaa ecTecTBoacaMTaTeJik" (1895) Bejiaaoro aTaiuaana 
a aeflaaoro Beana, eoataneji, hto Tere ae BJianeji ocBOsaaa KaTeaaTaiecaoro aaajiaaa, 
noroay-TO ero "yieHae o nasTe" npoaaaoABT Tarocraoe a atanxoe Bnraaraeaae; npocpec- 
cop aoojioraa H. A. Xojioabobcbbb b aaare "Bojn.cpraar rare" (1902) a asBecrafcia 
cpasaojior pacreBBB K. A. Tauapaaea b crane Tere-ecTecTBonciiuTaTejib" (1912) 
"aeyfla'CB" yveaaa o naoTe o6%*cbbjib "ABJieTaHTasaoa" a "caMOMHeHaea" reaaajuaoro 
"Boara". Tea-TO a neaaee noaanaa Benoro, ae Bo6oaanieroca aenpeAaaaTO sarjuayTb aa 
CBeTOByra Teopaxi Tere. 

"Meraep bbabt omaSay niTeaaepa b tom, hto tot ynorpe6jueT cjiobo "cbct" 
b oaaoa CKkicne a not Teopaa naeroB Tere, a flJia cpaiBKa: n l ^JIa dnaaaa, — ciBTaeT 
Meraep, — cbct Baser crporo oombtbbbmb cmmcji a ecn. Tepaaa, aoropua ooosaanacT 
ranOTemecBoe aevro, aBJuaoittoeca aeasBecTBMM cy6crpaTOH aaBecTBOro a aafimoAa- 
eaoro (peaoaeHa <...), yAoSaeamea «Jia (pasaaa a6cTpaanaea n (PaaaBiauieaaa 
o TeTe. C. 126). TeTe ate paccaaTpamaeT cbct, c oahob CTopoHbL, aaa TOHayn onuTHyio 
aayay — "aro OAaa Ayaa Tere o csere — (paaaHecaaa" (raa ace). C Apyroa CTopoawi, 
"flJia r«Te cbbt — BOJiapaocTb TbBbi; bot yace ne>rro cnoaao aaracpaSBiecaoe; a botab 
(...) ui cjiuiaaa (.-X " ITO apeaae ecrb onoco6aocTb lejioBeaa batb aaBOTpeiy Bory, 
aacaTbca Orm HeSecaoro, to ui aaao (...) BCTyaaea b oojiacTb MBTacpaaaaa a penaiaa 
rere" (rax ate). 

14 Cp., Hanpaaep, ojiobb TeTe, caasaaaue bk IIIoneBrayapy a 1813 r.: "Hto?! Cbct 
cymecTByer, no-Bameay, flamii oocTOJiucy, nocaojuoty ui ero bbabtb? Hct! Bac caaax 
6bi ae Sbuio Boace, ecju 6u cbct sac ae bbacji..." (kht. no: Pa3M kini Jieaaa o TeTe. 
C. 127). 

" Die Betrachtung der Farbenwelt (hum.) — paccMorpeBae aapa apacoa. 

"DlTeaaep cnpaaeAiiaBO pasAenaeT cpasavecayra OBTaay a OBraay Tere. "3a«a>ia 
cpaaaaoB, — nameT oa, — npaaecTB cjiownbie npoi^eccbi b oGjibctb nacroBux, aayao- 
Bbix, TenJiOBbtx aajieBBB, a Taaate sjieaTpavecTBa, aaraeTB3Ma a t. a- a npocTeamau 
XBJieaaaM tob ate ccpepu. Oasaa, aanpaaiep, AOJiacea cnoatabie iuwtobbki BBJieaaa 
npaaecTB a npocreannai naeroabia. Ilpa aroa oa acnoJiuyeT KaTeaaTaneoaae a Kexaaa- 
icckbc aaaoaoaepaocTa, nocaoJibay nncTOBue nponeccbi paabirpbiaaiOTca a BpocrpaBCT- 

558 



bchhmx ■ HCiacjueicux tpopiiax" ((Goethe gegen den Atomismua // Einleitungen. 
S. 320 — 321). Ttnt ace HaiHnaeT Be c aoapoca, "saxae nponeccbi aporeicaiOT b rnaae npa 
BOcnpaaTBa iero 6bi to bm 6mjio, ho nbrrae-rca ycraaOBHTb, — mmei ILTTeBBep, — «rro 
npoHCXOAHT npa nocpeAcrae rjiaaa ■ xbiou oktc 3pHTem»noro BOcnpHjrrax' 1 , t. e. 
Bananaer c (baaBOJloraiecKoro yieaaa o nacre, KOTopoe "a xopae OTJiaiaeTca or Toro, 
tto o6ipi<uio noamuuoT non 3thm paaAejiou outbkb. TeTe ae CTpeuaTca iuboakh. 
tbyaxaHH raaaa, hcxoae b3 ero CTpoeaaa, oh craaBT nejiuo paccKorperb riiaa b pauiBH- 
bux ycjioaaax, Tro6bi npHBTB e no3HaHBM ero BoaMOKHOCTea" (Goethe als Denker and 
Forscher // Einleitungen. S. 259). 

" Cjiobo "npasMa" ynoTpe6jueTca a as-hhom: xoaTexcTe ■ nepeaocaou aaaqeaHH xax 
"coaoxynaocTi. ochobhmx hbctob". IIpHsxy Huotohb coCTaBjijuoT npB 3TOM ceiu, (bjih 
uaTb) nmeTOB cnexrpa — EpacHbia, opaaateauB, atejiTua, aejieHMB, ronyooa, cbbhb, 
durojieroBMH. Upaam Tere — 3to "hbctoboh xpyr", coCToamHH Ha mecrw naerOB: 
sejiTbdi, opaHateaMB, xpacnbiB, (pHOJieroabiH, cbbhb, aejieaua; as bbx rpa (atejrrMB, 
KpacHbiB, cbbhb) — "ocaOBBbie nBera", ocTajibHbie — "npoHeacyTOiBue" (r»m» M. 
H36paaHbie paGoTbi no ecTecTBOsaaaHio. M., 1956. C. 271 — 272). JJ,Jin Ten aecuia 
aaatHO, Tto ace naera pacaojioseobi "a ecTecraeaaoH (t. e. npapoAHOB. — H. JI.) 
nocjieAOBaTejaHocTH n . Tnaa npn stoic, — nOAiepxaaaeT Tere, — vpeSyeT co6cTBeaao 
KejibaocTH h caic a ce6e aatcuxaeT naeTOBOH xpyr" (C. 291). B uape "uepTBOH" npapoAbi 
TBiuKe (bo b eABHOB cjiyiae!) hobcho aa6jxiOAaTb CTpeiuieHHe k nBeroBofi "nejibBOCTH"; 
9to — paAyra, OTpaateaHe cojiana b fipuarax BOAoaafla; paAyra, KOTopaa npeflCTaBJiaer 
co6ob ocjiaSjieHHuui caer, — jianib a 3tob tpopue (a paAyxcnou "cBrre", b OT6jjecxe) 
lejioaeKy AOcrynHO HacjiaatAeHHe coaepnaHaeu flyxoaaoro ( n >ieTad>HaB«ecKOTO n ) caera, 
B ibctom BBfle aeabmocBKoro aju uiaa, a 3aaiHT, h coaepnaHae Beiaoro, BoatecraeH- 
Horo, flyxoBBoro. 

B 3tom ate CMbicjie iioarao BHTepnpeTHpoaaTb CHKBOjiBiecxaa o6pa3 paAyra, koto- 
pyw cosepnacT 4t>aycT b 1-b cneae 2-a ibcth oaaoBMeaaoB TparenHH Tere. reTeacKBH 
cbmboji paAyra acaoJibsyex nosace fflonearayap flJia xapaxTepHcraxa "coaepnaTejibBoro" 
(aBTyaTBBBoro) no3HaaHa, npoTBaonocTaBJiaa no3aaaiie ebjichbh b rpaHHBax aaxoaa 
ocaoBaaaa (t. e. "iepe3 oomtboc, aayiaoe Ha6jix>AeHBe), KOTopoe oa cpaBBjuaeT c "6ec- 
HBCJieHBbiua, canbBO BBTynoiuBca 6pbi3rai<B BOAonaAa, neiao uenaiomBHaca, ae or- 
AbixajonoMH bb aa MraoBeaHe", "coaepnaTejibBOuy" no3aaaHK) ba«b (t. e. nejiocTBOCTa), 
HOAo6aoMy "paAyre, tbxo novBtomea aa 3tom 6ymyiomeif cJUTeaBB n (O chmbojibibocth 
paAyra y HIoueHTayapa cm.: Saauc. Pyccajie chmbojibctu. M., 1910. C. 12 — 13). 

" IIpadwHOMeB (ochobbob, iuib "iBCTboa" (penoHea) — oabb b3 BaatBeaniBX xaTero- 
paa Hayiao-d)HJioco4>CKoro UbmLneaHji TeTe. B CTBTbe "dxcnepaxeBT Bar oocpeaaBK 
BteatAy odmktom a cy6i.eKTOM" (1792), rAe TeTe paccyawaer o MeTOAOJioraa caoero 
yieBBB o nBere, oa aaauaaeT noAo6abiB npacpeaouea "diopxyjioa, KOTopaa aupaataeT 
■edteraoe ibcjio qacrabix cjiyiaeB" (Goethe 8 We ike. Bd. 12. S. 23); apatpeaoBea 
BBJueTCB, TaKBU o6paaoic, cbhtcsoh bcjiocthob CBcreMbi peaJibBbix dieaoaeaoB, KOTopue 
«a xaa 6ti cOAepacaT a ce6e a bhcctc c tch ex o6aapywBBaeT. Kajt icareuaTBHecEaa 
<popuy;ia aojuehb cAejian. (peaoHeabi BCiHCJiBKbiMB, tbk diopxyjia Tere (npa<peaoitea) 
OAeJiaTb bx anojiae bbabbhiib (06 3tou: Cassinr E. Goethe und die mathematische 
Physik // Idee und Gestalt. Berlin, 1921. S. 27 — 76). O ipex STanax "noA^eua" e npacjie- 
aoueay Tere namer b CTarbe "OabiT a aayxa" (1798): 1) aicnflpHieCEaa dieHOuea; 2) 
■ayiBbia dteHOuea; 3) ihcti.ih dieaouea. 

IHTeBHep Becuia toibo xapaKTepa3yeT rereBCKHH apadieBOMea ebk coaoKynBOCTb 
■eo6xoABMbix BsaBMOcaxaeH ueatay EBjieBHBMa, npaieu "noaaaerca npatpeaoiiea b abi- 

559 



paiaaerca a <popae saaoHa npapoAu" (Goethe gegen den Atomismus // Einleitungen. 
S. 312), aaJiaacb, tbkhh oSpaaou, ocbobhmm aaaoHoii BeopraaaiecKoro uapa, Koropbrii 
HsyiaeT TpaAanaoHBaa "dmaaiia". B cb*sb c ootbbob Tere oa aaiiewer: "BaaaiiooTBO- 
nieaaa Beamy canon h nBeroic oh (Fere. — H. JI.) o&urcBaji Be c noKonpao cneayjiaTBB- 
bmx paccyaweHaa, bo lepea npad^eaoiiea — nepea BbiHBJieHae Beo6xonaiioro ycjioBaa, 
KOTopoe, 6ynyia aoSbbjicho k caeiy, npaBOABT k BoaBBKBOBeaaio naera. Hmotob TaiuKe 
ycMBTpaBaJl ca*3b Meamy naeTOM a cbctok, ho kmcjisui cneKyjiarBBHO, Boupomaa: 
"Kajcaii o6paaoa caer BoaHaaaer as nBCTa?" (...) IIo3TO>ty BUOToaoscaoe nojioateHae 
"cbct ecTb cuecb OABopoAHMX naeTOB" aojisho 6hjio aaaaxbca r«rre hjioaok aeoooc- 
Boaaaaoa cneayjianaa (...)• Beg* acaxoe yTBepacAeaae o coctbbhob npapone cseTa 
— 3to jnum. yTBepamenae paayita o cpeHOiteHe" (Goethe ala Denket und Foracher // 
Einleitungen. S. 258 — 302). 

"3t» cxexa Iere, npaaeAeHBaa Bejnvm He bojihoctmo, orpaataer AeBaTi. cTyneaea 
"BoexoacAeBma" or «ryBCTBeeHoro a caepx^ryacTBeBBOKy a npHBOAHTca b Aaaajiax: Bd. 1, 
H. 46: Zur Naturwiaaenschaft: 1) cjiytaaHoe; 2) MexaBBiecaoe; 3) (paaaiecaoe; 4) 
xaicmecaoe; S) opraraiecitoe; 6) ncaxHiecaoe; 7) arraecBoe; 8) pejmraoaHoe; 9) reanajib- 
hoc ("Ayxoaaoe). 
— ** noajnae ueraaopdioaM, aoropoe rere acnojibaoBaJi flJia oSiacaeaaa opraaBiec- 
aoro Mapa (npawei. 14 a rji. 2), BlieBBep TOjncyer saavaTCJiuio mape aaa cash as 
rjiaaaux npaananoa onacaaHX HaeajibHbix cymaocreH, o&ieAaaaa rereacBHB "opra- 
hhsu" a coocTBeHHue npeAcraBJieaaa o BOCupaSTaa, hmcjib a anea aa enaHoa ocHOae 
"ataaoro ijejioro". PaaBBBaa 9tb Boaapeaaa ILTieBBepa, Be.ra.iB coaflaer co6ctmbhi.ib 
aapaaHT aarponocod>cKOB Teopaa noaaaBaa ("rpaflanaio") a b crane "Cieioiai 
rptjania rete...", b aoropoa oa noBTopaeT p«A aojioaceaaB Knars "PyfloJiwp 
niTeaaep a rere", o6ocBOBMBaer "6ecnpeAMeTBoe' 1 noaaaaae (aaTyanaio) aaa "acBanb 
caxoa KBtcjia", "nucm. aaa cymee" (OP P T B. <D. 25. K. 36. En. xp. 4). 

" Bojiee TOYBbia nepeaog narraTM mTcaaepa: "tfyBcraeHBMB o6paa ltapa ecTb 
coBoaynaoCTb BocnpaBBMaemx conepacaBBB, cnaaaBBMX OTBomeaaeki ueraMoptpoabi 
a JumeHHbcx icarepHaJiiiBOB ocbobm". 

u B a*bbom aoaane Bejibna aajiaraer erpyaTypy ("oTAejibi") rereBcxoro "yieHHjt 
o naeTe", BOcnojiuoBaBmHCb toybmk nrreBBepoBcanK onpeAejieHHea aayiHbix 3anai 
aaamoa ibcth: "Ecjib b (fiumoMtwieacoM yieHaa o nsexe naorca otbct aa aonpoc: saic 
BOo6me nBera uoryr Bbipaxa-rbca a aBJieBaa, ecxta (ftuauiecKot ynesBe cocpeaoTo^eHo Ha 
tom, >rro6bi noaasaTb, aaa BoaHazaiOT naera b saaHcaifOCTB ot BHenmax ycnoaaa, to 
aneo> (b xUMUHtaeoM yvimtu. — H. JI.) Tare paapenraeT npo6jieity, (aonc o6paaou 
TSJiecafciB nap npoasJiaeTO aaa nBCTHoa. (...) B saBepmaionieB rjiaae "HycmmH- 
HO-Hpa*cmttHHOt •oideucnuue naera" rere pacacaTpasaeT Bbtcmyio c««3b aeatAy naeT- 
HbiM KBpoM <pB3Bvecaax tcji b AymoB (anccii: apaBCTBeBBoe^AyxoBBoe). Tbkob a nyrb 
Hayxa: or cy5*eaTa aaa aeaoero ycjioaaa — caoaa a cy&beKTy aaa cymaoCTB, aaxoAX- 
mea yAOBJieTBopeHae b Mape a c icapoti (Goethe all Denker und Foracher // 
Einleitungen. S. 258 — 302). 

"SaajitA TepaBt BbiABBayji ranoTeay naero- a caeTOonTynxeBBa, no KOTopoa KaatAOH 
nape ocbobbbix naeTOB cneaTpa (corjiacao Tepaary, ax lerupe: xpacBbia ■ acejiTbui, 
aejieabia a cbbbb) cooTBCTCTByeT oco5oe DBeTOiyBCTBiiTeJibHoe BemecTBO b Maay, t. e. 
bcjica aa TeTe oSMCHaji hbct aaa BHyTpeBaee cbobctbo rjia3a. 

M DlTeanep qobbh aer onmuneocuu npatfieMMeH aaa "paaurpMBaioinBBca nepea 
aamaifB rJiaaaUH npo'necc, aoTopi.ni coctobt b tom, ito caer, npoxoA> casoai. aaayTBeii- 
ayio cpeAy, BbDJUABT acejiTbia, a TbMa, aaGjuoAaeuaa iepea noACBeieBayio cpeny, 

560 



bbabxcb chh«b" (Goethe gegen den Atomismus // Einleitungen. S. 313), t. o. 
npacbeaoueH bbxoabx caoe otraaCHeHae a hbjichhb qbcxbocxb. Erne 6ojiee apao 3ry 
Ubicjib noflTaepatnaeT cjienyioKaa cppaaa Tere: "Jlyune acero 6biJio 6m dohiti>, hto 
Bcaaaa (paavr — arto y»e xeopHB. Caaeaa Be6a oxapbrnaex hbu ochobhob aaaoH 
xpouaTaaa. TojibKO hc anqrre HHiero aa cpeaoueaaua — ohh cauu cyn. y-reaae" 
(Maximen und Reflexionen // Goethes Werke. Bd. 7. S. 566). Taxau obthicckhm 
apacpeHoueHOU h cpeaoueaou OABOspeueaao, ciBTaeT TeTe, uohbo Haaaaxb panyry: cbct 
h upaic, npomeAmiie caaoab B03Aymabie a BOABbie cjiob (upacpeaoueB), npoasjiaiOTCH 
aaa aceJTTHaBa cojmna a CHHeaa BOAHO-BoaAymabix 6pbi3r (cpeaouea), <rro6u 3axeu, 
BHOKb coeAaaaBiUBCb, uopoAaxb paAyatHMH (cBaMnnm) CBer (xaimte upHuet. 14 aacx. 

MI.). «> » 

" JUxeaaep c«urxaex, >rro uti caua (name UbinuieHae) upaAaeu coAepacaaae a6bctbb- 
xejrbHOcxa, t. e. nojryiaeu bosh owbocti. ee HyacxBeaBO BOcnpaHHua-n, b peajibaou onbixe 
■ajc npocxpaHCTBeHao-Bpeueaabie am. Ho <ncnn om.tr — 3to Ta cpopua AeacxBH- 
Tcnbaocxa, a KOTopoa uumneHHe a6cojnoTBO iuccbbbo (npauei. 39 K rji. 2). 3aa«urx, 
nOA°6aaa "lacraa" AeacTBBTeJibaocTb 5ecco«epacaTeju.Ha h ee cpeBOueabi — "™crue" 
dpeHOueau (npacpeaoueabi) 6eccoAepacaxejii>Hbi Taicace. 

"CorjiacHO IIIxeHHepy, oaeT (anec*: apacaa) opoaBJiaexca b BoenpuaTHB aaa cpeao- 
uea — b aoHTexcre apyrax cpeaoueHOB a caaiea pacijieaaexca Ha OTfleJi1.Bi.1e <mcth bjib 
OTAeJiunue Bocupaaraa ■ aaTeii chobb CKaoAuaaeTca, bo yate aaa coaoayiraocTb aeo6- 
xoahumx caaaeB, aaa npacpeHOuea. Taaau o6pa30u icu Bocxaraeu upaAeaCTBBTeJib- 
HOCTb, "iHCTym" fleBCTBHTejiiBocTi. 6e3 npHuecB ubnnjieaaa, t. e. cymaocTb uapa 
— aeaoe 6eccoAepxaTejn>Hoe coAep»aaae uapa. Iloaxouy Bejibm ciaTaeT, <rro coaepaca- 
hhc Bpacpeaoueaa oeccoAepataTejibBO, "Kopeaa-rca b hacc" — cpopua CTaaoBHTCa coAep- 
xaaHex, "cpaaxou"; cbct Bpo-aaJiaexca, xojnjto BCTynaa bo BsaauoAeacTBHe c Tbuoa 
■ xojibao b nameu BOcapaaTHB. 

17 y CTaaoBJieHae npacpeaoueaa TeTC c«mxaji rjiaaaofi 3aflaiefi aayKB, bo a npeae- 
nou, Aajiune tcoxoporo aayiaaa uticjib hath He uoateT (aaapauep, pasroBop c Saaepua- 
hoh ot 18 cpeapajia 1829 r.). Ho ecjra corjiacuTbca co fflxeaBepou a toh, >rro Bpacpeaoae- 
Hajn.aaa AeacxBBTejii.BOCxi. BAeajibaa, x. e. He uoAiaaaexca aexaBBKo-aaTeuaxa^ecKaa 
aaaoHaM, to "pearp" rexeBCKoa aayica — aa npeAejiaaa cpasaKH, use apapoAi-i. IloaTOMy 
DIxeHBep aamex: "B ocHoae acex Bemei, npaaaAJiewaiaax aeKoeuy HyacmatHHOMy 
MHOiooSpoaun, Jiewax — aocaojiucy axa aeiaB oaaopoABbi — dyxoanoe eduncmao, 
Koropoe o6ecaevoiaeT ax OABopoAsocxi. a BaaHUHyio DpaBafljieauaocTi,. Hcxoab aa 
aroro, rexe a 3aAaexca sonpocou: aaxoe nyxoBaoe cabbcxbo cocTaajiaex ocaoBaaae 
naexoBbix BOCBpaaxaa? <...) Oieai. caopo euy cxaBosaxca bcbo, <rro Beo6xoAHUoa 
ochoboh aaxAoro aaexa aajiaexca caer. I^aeTa ae uokct 6brxi. 6ea cseTa. I^sera ate 
■BJiaiOTca MOAHtpBKanamta caexa. Tenepi. euy npenCToaJio aaaxa ajieueaT AeBCTBBTejii.- 
hocth, aoxopiia MOABCpanapyex, cnenBCpHnapyeT cbbt. H ob o6aapy»HJi, <rro TaaoBi.ni 
MBjiaeTca Sea-naeTHaa aaxepaa, aKTHBBa* Ti.ua, x. e. Hanajio, apoxasoBOJioacBoe CBexy. 
B aaatAOU naere ob ycuaxpaaaji cbct, uoAa<paaapoBaBBi.ai tbuoio. Coaepmeaao oma- 
6oibo BOJiaraTb, 6yATO boa caexou TeTe noaauaji KOBKpeTBbia cojiBe«mbiH caer (...). 
B BOBauaaaa TeTe CBex aaa npoTHaonojioacHOCTb xbue ecxb «ibcxo AyxoBHoe aanajio, 
o6mee aceu naeToabni onrymeBHau" (Goethe alg Denker und Forscher // 
Einleitungen. S. 258—301). 

"Ah SBaarejiacTa TlypaaBe, npocpeccop cpaaaojioraa b Upare, orapbiJi aajieaae 
"cyfibeaxBBBOro 3peBHa": CBexanraeca o6paai>i (Blendungsbilder), abobhoc 3peaae 
(Doppeltsehen), "ocTaTOiaoe" speaoe (Nachsehen) a AP- rexe, npoiHTaa ero AaccepTanaio 

561 



"CooSnutHHa k aonpocy o uoaHanaH apemu b cy&bCKTHBHOU ooBernnHBB" (1819), rap aajwateHa 
cymaocTk STOro OTxpbmu, a cboch acypHajie "Bonpocu Mopcpojioraa" aa 1821 r. c Bocroproit 
OTpecbepapoaaji pa6ory, yaBAea b Hell nOATaepacAeBBe co6cTBCHHi.ni Ba6juoAeBBaM 1810 r. 
o ^■aaojionnecKHX naerax a paaMMmncBBan o npnpoAe "npoAyaTBBHOB d>aHTa3Ba''. Iloaace 
ohh noaHajtoiiHJiBCfc, ■ BTopoH tom cbohx «ccJieflOBanHH (1825) IlypKHHe nocajRBJi Iere. 

"J^ajiee Bejiun npniviR BecaoJiMco coKpameHHtix njtrraT aa ctbtuh rere "0 
pa6ore IlypKHHe "3peHae a cyfoeaTaaBon ocaemeHnB" (1821) (cm.: Goethes Werke. 
Bd. 12. S. 405—406). 

" Priui (juan.) — 6onee paaHM, iipeAinecTByioin.ee, t. e. hcxoaboc (nojioaceaae). 

" Co6ctbchho roaopa, a anoxy IeTe b cjioae "aoo6paaceHBe n (Einbildungskraft) eme 
othctjibbo cnumanca tot MBCTBiecaBB chmcji, KOTopbia ei<y Bnepaue b aenenaoM 
aaaine npaoaJi Meacrep 3axapT, a aaTCH qepea nBeTBcroa a pe3yjn»TaTe Boeo6meH 
ceKyjiapHaanBH cyjibTypu a nepaon nojioaane XVIII b. nepenajia acTeraxa. Bo-o6paace- 
hbb — aro "axoatAeBae-B-OGpas", rAe o6pas (Bild) cyn> BoateeTaeHHMB 06paa, nocTHaca- 
■ad aaa MBCTBiecaaa HHTynnHH, coaAaaae CBepxiyacTBeHHOH (aAeajibHoii) "peankHoc- 
th". TaaXM o6pasoM, flJia Tere "npoAyaTHBiiaa dMHTaaBa" (Enbildungskraft) ooaaaTejib- 
bo BKJiioiajia a ce6a° ajien enr BHyTpeHHero coaepnaBaa. IIpocTO "BHyTpennee apeaae" 
B "npOAyKTHBHaiH n TBopHecaaa o6paa rere wrao pa3JiHiaeT, nepenaaaa a nHTBpyeiioH 
crane ax OTJntHae TepMaeaMH IlypKaae: "cBeTanwica" a "oCTaTOHHMa" o6paau. 
OcraTOHBUB oopaa coxpaBaeTca b acieaarr a aaaaCBiiocTB ot bojubux ycHJiaa; caera- 
maaca ate o6paa aajiaerca b nponanaeT nenpoBaaojri,HO a aaaacBMOCTB ot ofrierrHBHiix 
npaiBH (aepaoaBOCTk npa acTeHHiecaoM coctoxhhh). "CBcramaBca o€paa, — muner 
Tere, — aeflCT ce6a no oraomeHHio a BHenmeMy carry kbjc nyTHaa cpena, ho caicocaeTanta- 
aca a npaaanneatameH en TUte" (Goethes Werke. Bd. 12. S. 402). H tojimco 
"oeraTOHHUH o6paa cyn. "BMarBnanHB" (ibid. S. 404). Taaace cm. npnnei. 17 a in. 1. 

n CoapameHHaa nBTaTa aa "Maacan a paaia.muieHBB' 1 Tere. Cp.: "MacTaaa: Heape- 
Jiaa aoaaaa, aeapejiaa cbaJiococpBa. IIo9aaui: apejiaa upapoAa. ftajiococpaa: apejuw 
paayn" (Goethes Werke. Bd. 7. S. 511). 

** "aOHKpeTHOM »fleajiH3Me" — chajiococpaa, b ochobc Koropon jichcbt npeACTaaJie- 
bhc o peajiiHOcm aeeoSrqero, Beju.ni nncaji: "IIpojieroKeHM a sroa cacreae hbxoabm: 
paa6pocaHHMKB a coimieHiiax Bji. CojioaBeaa, a naiux kb. C. H. Tpy6enaoro "0 
KOHapcTBOK HAeajiB3Me", a cthtux PyAOJn»d>a DXreaHepa ("Goethes naturwissenschaftliche 
Schriften") ...no OTHomeBBio a aroa CHcreue can Ierejn. — a6cTpaKTBbiH npeATeia 
(BocnonaiEii o Bjiokc. C. 41). Hto ace Kacaeica HAeajibno-KOHapeTHbix 
npeACTaaJieBBB TeTe a Terejia, o KOTopux bact pev, b AOanon KOHreacre, to ax ocnony 
cocTaaJiaeT nanTeaan, yxOAanraa cbobmb Kopnana a Hexenayio HBCTaay. CnaaocaaM rere, 
aaa a era HeaaHeHHMH anrepec a cpeAHeBeaoaoa HaTypd>aJiocod>CKoa naCTnae, xopomo 
BaaeCTCH. IlaHTeBcrjnecBHe ace npeAnocbUixa neneiiKoro BAeajiaana pacapBiru b pa6oTax 
coapekieHHBKOB Bejioro — <pHJiocod>OB JI. M. JIonaTBHa b C. H. Tpy6eijKoro. Bnpo^en, 
"aoHXpeTHMH BAeajiH3M" cauoro TpySenaoro b dujiocodnu aceeABHCTBa Cojioabeaa, aaa 
noaaaajia raaAeBao II. II., (popMHpyiOTca aa Tex ace bctokob (raudatm II. II. HejiOBen 
a lejioaeiecTBO a yieeaa B. C. Cojioabesa // Bonpocu cpHJiococpaa. 1994. J^fi 6. C. 47 — 54). 
Taaan o6paaon, itapoaoaapeBYecaaa ycraBoaaa Bejioro aa cbicboji (aaa KOBjcpeT- 
Hy»*aajieHHyio HAeio) 6bUia noAKpenneHa He tojii.ko AaaHea Benenaoa, ho a pyccaoH 
TpaAanBea, a 3Ha<urr, "aoaapeTHBia HAeajiB3u" mieaHepa, npa acen ero otjuibh ot 
Apyrax hoao6hi.ix CHCTen, 6biji aAanTapoaae Bcjimm o-jchi. jienco. 

M ByAym npaaHaBHUM aHaToaon TeTe h aaTopaTeTon b "rexHaue", MeTHcp reu ne 
HCHec t«jc b ae cnor flaTb cauocroaTejibHyiOs oneHay ueoihu KOHHcirryajLbHi.iu nojioace- 

562 



hbjoi rereBcaoa d>BJiocodicBO-9CTeTBYecBoii h ocoSenno HayiHOH iuicjih, oaaaaamHCfa 
b nJieay "aeoaaBrHaHcaax" aarxiaAoa aa ero TaopiecTso. B axon cuucjie Bcjimb, xotb ■ ae 
crojifc cbo6oaho BJiaAeiomaB 4>aKTHiccKHM uaTepaajioM, ropasAO caMOCTOBTejrbHee b hbtc- 
pecaee, flaace b cbobx aaTponococpCBBX npacTpacTBax. B tocthoctb, pe«u. user o cpBJio- 
cocpcaax "acTOBax" TeTC. Meraep npeBpamaeT Tere b BaBTBaana ("AonojiBBTCJibBOB 
aanrreaoB a mbicjihtbjiio ■ xyaowHiuty Ttrre mbjibotch oabh Kobt" — P>3HufflJicBii 
o TeTe. C. 167), oTpanaa anojme oieaHAHue draaTM, BOTopue He pa3 noniepKiuaji can 
"racjUTenb" ■ "xyAaatHaa", — 6jih3octi> a rerejiio h CnsBoae ("cTaaBTb panoM c bbm 
retejia, noatajiya, eme ropaaAo 6«wieo HeynecTHO, aeatejia HacraaaaTi. aa upecjioayTOM 
cmmocaaMe Tere <■••) 3T0 * no cynnscTBy eMy lyatAoa cbctcmai") (tbic ace. C. 166 — 167). 
3aaeTBM, *ro can Tetejib aeoAHoapaTHO noAiepaaBaji csoe corjiacae co .HBormun 
reTeBCKaaa ■flniia, a Tere b 4-m Btinycae ajiutaaaxa "0 ecTecTBOiaaHBB BOoSine" 
onyfijiaaoaaji ibcthoc nacuio Terejia, r^e tot BMcaaauBaeT cyameHae no aoaoAy aaea 
npatpeaoaeBB. rjiaaaoe ooBHBeHBC Meraepa aacaeTca c6jiaateBaa iiohjthh Herauopcpoaki 
pacTeHBB y TeTe a BteTaicoptpoau ba«b y Terra*, aa aoTopoa aacTaaBaeT fflTeiiHep (C. 
165). Conuieicc* b stom aonpoce aa "QaJiococpBio npHpoan" Terejia, b BOTopoa oh yieaae 
o KBTaicopipoae ataaoro (aaABBBAyyaa) npauo npoTBBonocTaajiaeT aHTHrereBCBoa aaee 
sbojiiobeb b 3iuuunBB a caasuaaeT Bueaao c "ueTauopcpoaoH" noaaraa: "Mexaaopcpoae 
noABepraerca .nam* ooaBTae aaa TaaoBoe, tbk aaa Jiann. ero asKeaeaaa cyrk pa3BBTae. Ho 
a npapoAC Taaoe nOHBTae npoTBBOnocTaBJiaer co6oa oroacTB jihuq. aeaoe BayTpeaBee, 
OTiacTB ace cymecTayeT mm b aaiecTae acaaoro HHflHBHflyyua" (C. 33 — 34). 

" B CBOeM t b e t e B e ji o ic y MeTaep, Tenepb yace ccbuiaact aa Hayroue asTopa- 
TCTfci (b ucthocth, Ha r. 3aimeji«), noATaepatAaeT csoe "coaHaTejn.Hoe" caemeHae 
npat}>eBOHCBa a npapacreHax (a Tana). npaseAeit aro saacaoe, xotb a Hecaojiuco 
aaTBayToe paccyacAeaae Meraepa: "IIpoTO-cpeBOKeH — aaa noaasibiaaeT canoe Baaaaaae 

— ctobt b cajaoa aaiajie raimjieBfla. IlepBopacTeHHe cnaiana ecxi. BBAeaae, t. e. H-ror 
BOAeHBa, eme coaepmeaBO aeocracJieBBoro: bobmh mar a ocMMCJiaaaBBio — a oepeA 
bbkb nporocpeaoKeB; (...). IIpoTO-THn ecn. yace BTopniHoe (6ojiee cxeitaTH«iHoe a 6ojiee 
AeranbHoe) BAeaaoe oSpaaoBaaae <...>. IlepBopacTeBae, 6yAyiB BBAeaaea, ae ocoaaaeT- 
ca tbkobmm, a noroicy hot a crpaxa; aocjieABHa BCTynaeT a cbob upaaa, Koraa 
oaaaBmaerea, "rro toto, tto ciBTajioci. Hajnmo a noaocTopoBBea ocasaeuoa Aeacr- 
aaTejaaocTH, hct bobcc b nocJieAHea b tcm hc neHee: oho — ecn.; Tyr BoaaaKaer 

— npoTotpeHOHeH; das ist keine Erfahrung, das iat eine Idee, aaa Hecaojiuco apyro 
yTBepatAaeT IQBnnep (IHaJiJiep aMeer a BBAy "caaaojiBHecxoe pacTeHae", t. e. npapacTe- 
aae TeTe. — H. Jl.). Ecjib ace bsbtb Taopiecicyjo mbicjiii Tere b ee AaaaceBBB, to, cuorpa 
no ctbabb, nepBopacreBBe uoaceT 6biti> Baasaao b tbhoh, aaa a npoTodreaoiieB (...). 
Bnpoieu, bbao caaaaTk, ito cjiobo "thb" Tere He ynoTpe6naeT TepxaBanorBiecKa 
a crporo a toiho onpeAeJieaHou cnBicjie". ^ajiee Meraep yTBepmaaer, hto npacpeaoaeB 
"cpanocodtcaa-TonorpadiBiecKB aaxoABTca caopee aoaJie BAea (tojii.ko aaa nocjieAaaa 
OTaaaa onuTHoro noaaaBBa, aenocpeACTBeHBO npaktuxaioiua* a aavajiy KBaoneaaa, aaa 
chbtbji rete. — H. JI.). Taaace, aorna TeTe ctbji HOApoSaee a CBCTeMaTB^ecaa roBopaTb 
o nepBopacTCHaa, oh neBOJihHO cSjiHataJi stot o6paa c Hfleea (...). Tax autta .Tone 
nymoam com: npomo<f>*HOMKH u nepnpacmtHue" (JI. 267 — 268). 

M 06BBneHBB a AapaHBaaaqaa Tere asynaT c o6cbx CTopoH b buckit npaBnaiiHanj.- 
aua xapaarep. IloBaTHO, tto "ccpcSpaHua sea" b qejioi* ctobji Ha dosbdbbx BAeajiaa- 
ua, OTpaqaa KaTepaajuaM aaa latpoBoaapeBHecayio cacTeuy b cooTBercTBeHHO Teopaio 
aaomonaa H. ^apaaaa. IIoaTOMy, no cyra, onnoneBTBi o6bhhhiot Apyr apyra b luipoBoa- 
apeaHecaoK peTporpaACTBe. 

563 



TojraoK k "sbojiiodbobbob" BSTepnperanBB uopc^ojiorm TeTe 6mji aaa cauBit 
HapBaaOM, KOToptdi ■ KHBie "IIpoBCxoxAeHHc bhaob" (18S9) npano yKauisaer aa TeTe, 
a b npeABCJioBHB a Tperteuy B3AaaBx) 1861 r. rOBopar o sen aaa o cbocm npcAmecxBea- 
uue. B repKBHBa 9tb -rowa apeaaa 6bui« oco6enao nonynapaa ■ noAAepataaa 
BaBecrBMK ecTecTBOBcntiT«Tejiev-A«pBBHHCTOM 3pBCT0ii TeKKejieM, Maunilmm b on- 
bok paay Tate, ^apsaaa h Jlauapaa (aanp.: 3. reucjii.. BocnpaaTae npapoAu 
^apBBHOu, Ttm m Jlauapaou, 1882; 06maa MoptpoJioraa opraaBaicoB, 1866). IIoAo6Baa 
AapsBBjiaanBB Tere 6ujia xapaKrepaa ■ Rnx reTeBeAeaaa nocjiepeBOJnonBOBBOB Poccbh 
(cp.: JIuxmeHmmadm B. 0. Ttm. Bopt6a sa peaJucnnecKoe uapoaoaapeBBe. Ilr., 1920; 
B$pHadaeuu B. H. Ttrt kbk HaTypajiBCT (Mucjib b 3ajce*aBaa) // Bx»uiereBb Mockob- 
ooto o6njecTBa BcnuTaTeJiea npapoAM. Otacji reojioraiecKBB. T. XXI (1). M., 1946). 

Meraep anaAaer b Apyryio KpaaHOCTb: paccMaTpBaaeT MopcbojiorBio Tere aaa hbcto 
duuiococbcKyio Teopaoo: "EcreciBOBeneHBe Tere 6jih3ko ctobt k cpajiocotpBB, ojiaate, 
Besom ■ aayce" (PaanuniJieHBa o Tbtc. C. 97). Ob curraeT "nepBOcynniocTi." 
(Urwe«en) Tere toj&ko "dmjiocoibcxoB cpopicyjioa" (C. 109), a o "npapacTeHaa" mum: 
"Paaae aro ae analogon caaremecKoro a priori "KaaroBCKOB TpaacneaAeaTajiuBOB 
sctotbkb"?" (C. 98). 

B Aaaaou kohtcbctc Bejina men b BBAy to mccto xbbtb MeTaepa, w tot, cpaBBBBU 
CBCMMaTBaanBio pacreBBa Jlaaaea a TeTe, ciBTaeT, tto bx npaananM "Aonojuunor Apyr 
Apyra" — tojiuco Tere bast ae or <uctboh> cjiytaa k "aajijiaoay cjiyiaea", aaa JIbbbcb, 
a or "MBJiJiBOHa" ■ "oTACJiuaoKy onyiaio", b TOTAa eicy "aaiBaaeT aaaaTbca (?!), ito on 
bbabt npoTO^eaoMea, aanpalcep nepBopacTeaae" (C. 110), t. e. MeTaep, (ramer Bejiufi, 
cuemBBaeT npacbeBOMeB a npapacmBae. IIo ero JioraKe, oaa aojixbm opaBaAJieacaTi. uapy 
npapoAfci (aaa y JIbbbobI), bo Meraep bx o6iaBjiaeT BApyr cosAaaaeif cpaBTaaaa 
("aaaaTbca"!): 1) apatpeaoifea BBJiaerca "Taop<iecxB-o6pa3BMM cpeaoiceBOii" (C. 110), 2) 
upapacTeaae, t. e. "o6paa, bm cbhbu (t. e. Tere. — H. JI.) BAeaao cosaobbub, aanoJiaaeT 
era aymy paRocrMO coaanaaBB, caoero poAa bo3bmhibbbi>i]i aaAopou" (Tan ace). 

" IIpflBei. 29 K M. 2. 

u 3uaBanaa (Atan.: emanatio — "acTeieHae") — repass BeonJiaTOaaaMa, o6oaBaia- 
romaa cai(OB3JiBaBBe sosae BMcmero a6cojnoTaoro npaanana ("nepBoeAaaoe" y Hjiotb- 
aa), oopaayiomero Keaee coBepmeBaue, BB3nme cryneBB 6uraa. 

Tctc paccMarpBaaeT caer aaa aayTpeBBee cbobctbo rjiaaa: "CymecTByeT cbct, 
MBoronBeTi« OKpyataer aac, ho ae 6yAfc cbctb b xpacox b co6ctbchhou lamcH r-naay, iu,i 
6h ae yiBAeJia bx a bo cae" (Paaroiopu c let e. C. 108). 

"Goethes Briefe. Hamburger Atugabe. 1965. Bd. 3. S. 503. 

41 Ajunosaa aa BucKaabiaaBBe Tere no noBOAy "KparBKB HBcroro paayua" b craTte 
"BjiBBBae BOBeameB (paJiocofprn" (1817): "Bxoa b Jia6apBBT BeyAepacauo npBBJieKaji 
Meaa; a carna ace jia6BpaaT a ae OTBaauuajica nycrBTkca: npenaTCTBoaa,iia aroicy to 
crpeBJieaae a noaaaa, to paccyAoa, a rpyAHOcn. ocraaajiaci. Bey cxpaHBHOH" (G o e t h e s 
W e rk e. Bd. 12. S. 31). Tere, npaaBaaaa BaacaocTi, aji« ce6a OTneJifcBMX BAea "Kparaaa 
iBCToro paayKa" ("anpaopaue noaaaaaa a toxe Aonycaaji, Taase a CBBTeTB<iecKBe 
cyatAeBaa a priori"), reu ae ueaee oneaHBaeT ee aecuia cnepacaBao, xotb c Bocroprou 
nanm o "KpaTaae cnocooaocTa cyaweHna" (1790): "Ho bot b bob pyaa nonajia 
"KpaTBKa cnoco6BOCTB cyatAeaaa", a ea a o6a3BB b Bbicmea creneaa pbaoctbob anoxoa 
ataaBB. 3flecb a yaaACJi, aaa caiu>ie pa3AeJiiiBbie mob aaaaTaa nocTaaJieBi,! paAoa; 
npoBaaeAeBfla acayccTBa a opapoAi>i TpaKTyiOTca OABBaaoBO; acTerBiecKHe h Tejieojiora- 
lecBae cuoco6boctb "aaaBBBO ocBemaiOT Apy Apyra" (ibid.). noAo6ayio oKeaay oh 
noBTopaeT a b paaroaope c 3Kxepi<aBo>( ot 12 anpejia 1827 r. (Paarosopu c r e t e. 

564 



C. 22S — 226). Mernep, aaauBaa Terc "bJjocto" "yqeaaxou KanTa" (PiiKunuieiBi 
o r e t e. C. 77) b b Qejiou cajihao npeyBejiatHBaa aJia&Hne aa Tere xaaTOBCKOB Teopaa 
noaaaBBX (aanparap, oh ctsbht BoaaBKBOBeBae "MeTauop<po3bi pacTeBBa" b Tecaea- 
myio — "aeocoaaaaayio^?!) — cb>3i> c "ycepABMM iTeBBeu"(?I) TeTe "KpaTaxa ibctoi-o 
paayna n (Tan ate. C. 42S), cjieflyer b cbohx cyatAeaaax aa UHenaeu Kapjia <t>opjieaflepa 
a ero xaaroa "Kara, majuiep, Vere" (Kant, Schiller, Goethe, Lpz., 1907), aa KOTopyio 
aeoABOKpaTBO ccbiJiaeTca. Bnpoieu, Ayuaerca, «rro a fflTeaaep b caoea nojieuaxe apoTaa 
KaBTa Tajcate npeyBenavBBaeT aBTHxaHTaaBCTao TeTe, ciBTaa, hto "reTeacxoe xapoBoa- 
speaae coctobt a ocrpeameM apoTaaopeiaH c dnajiocodmea KaBTa" (Goethes 
Weltanschauung in seinen "Spiuchen und Prosa" // Einleitungen. S. 330 — 331). 
Ilpateu o6a onnoBeara nporaBOnojioacauM oSpaaoic TOJixyKW aaatafcm nyaKT — - c«otho- 
mcBae cy6-bCKTBBBoro a o6%exTBBBoro aanaji y KaaTa a IVre. Meraep ccbuiaerca aa 
rereBCKoe (kbk 6h BCJiefl aa Kaarou) "paarpaHBTOBae cy&bexTa a o6*exTa" (P a a u u m - 
jieaaa o TeTe. C. 226). nixeHBep ace bmchbo aAecb aaxoABT Ty Tcuty, a xoTopoa 
pacxoABJiacb o6a UiicjiBTejia: Kbht "bcxoabt aa nocfcuixn, <rro Map npeACTaBJieaaa 
ynpaaJiaeTca aaaoaaui TOJiOBeiecxoro Ayxa a ito nosroMy ace, tto npenOAaocaTca 
aroxy uapy aaaae, npoaaxaeT b Hero jihud. b Baae aexoero cy&bexTBBaoro OTSnecxa. 
Hejioaex BOcnpaaaitaeT "aenp. b ce6e" aaa aajieaae, B03BBKaxiniee nocpeflCTBOit Toro, ito 
Bem> aipdmnapyer ero coaBaaaeii, KOTopoe same yBaauBaeT uexny coSoa cbob peaxaaa 
c uoaombio paayua a paccynaa. O tok, ito lepea nocpeACTBO pa3yua roaopaT cauaa 
cymaocTb Bemea, aaae<iaeT DlreBBep, Kbht a KanTaann.bi Aaace ae nofloapeBaiOT. B cajiy 
aroro Tere Beabicoxo neaaji KaBToacxyK) tpaJiococpflio. Ecjib oh a acnoJibSOBan OTflejii.- 
Bbie ee nojioaceBaa, to Jiann> npaAaa an ckmcji, cosepmeBBO oTJiHHHtia ot nepBoaaiaju.- 
aoro. O tom, ito r«Te npeapacBO ocoaaaaaJi paajiaiae ueatny caoau a xaBTOBcaaM 
uapoBOaapeHaea, ctbjio aaaecTHO B3 aanaca, Bnepaue oSaapyaccBBOa nocjie oTxpuTaa 
apxaaa TeTe a Beaaape. Ilo Tere, ocaOBaa* omafixa Kbhts coctobt a tom, "rro tot 
"cyheionutHyio cnoco6aocri> no3aaaaa TpaKTyeT aaa o6i.eKT a npa stom Toixy BCTpeia 
cyfntKmxuHoeo a ooMxmiMHOio BbuiejiHeT xot« h penXBTeji].Ho, bo ae bbojibc npaaajn>BO n . 
BcTpeia cy&beKTBBBoro a o&beKTHBHoro npoHCXOABT, xorAa caa3aBBoe bhciiihhu uapou 
■ ycjibimaBBoe BByTpa ce6a lejioaeit o6i>eAHBaeT • eduMyto cyufitocm* aeBxa. Ho nocjie 
3-roro npoTBBopeiae ueatAy cy6i.erTBBBi.iB at o6i.eKTBBBbiu coaepmeHBO acieaaer, oao 
pacTBopaerca a enaaoa ACBCTBHTejibBOCTB'' (Goethes Weltanschauung in seinen "Spruchen 
und Prosa" // Einleitungen. S. 330 — 331). ^o6aaaK, can Trre lacro BxeByer 3Ty 
Tperuo fleaCTBaTejibHOCTi. "ataaoe nejioe" (lebendiges Ganzes). 

"HaeeTca a BHfly, tto KanT, 6yAyia nyaJiacToa, paaflenaji icap aajieBBa (sacck: 
•tyaCTaeBBbm) a n aenT> a ce6e n (aAect: caepx^iyaCTBeBBbia), a TeTe paccuaTpaaaji o6e 
3TB ctpepu aaa ucjioctbocti, — - vyacTBeBBO-caepXHyBCTBeBBoe enaacTBO. 

4I OpayaA (nepc: Axypa-MaaAa — "npeuyAptiB BJiaAbuca") a Apatcaa (nepc.: 
Aarxpa-MaBuo — n BpaacAe6aMB ayx") — 6jiaroa a sjioh 6ora b aopoacTpaaice; aaecb: 
emu caera a ivnu. 

<4 CaeT, corjiacao Tere, aajiaeTca MOAacpaKanBea onTBiecxoro npacpeHoueaa: ae 
aaajma, aaa b BbiOTOBOBCKOB OBTaae, ae caarea (a noBBicaanB Bejioro) aaa uexaHBHec- 
aoe cjioateaae ajieueaTOB npa3Ubi, bo cbbboji, aajieBBbiB xaa eABBCTBeaBO AOCTynaaa 
Ban (popaa npadieaOKeBa, t. e. qeJtocTBOCTb (3flecb: "cBeTOTeab"), aaajno<ieaBaa a ataaou 
TyacTBCBHOu oSpaae. 

"OnpoaepaceBBe reopaa cpJioniCTOBa caxaaao c aueaeu A. JI. JIaByaske — c ot- 
xpbrraeu au xacjiopoAa (1774), co3flaaHeH KHCJiopoABoa Teopaa ropeaaa (1777) a ycxa- 
aoBJieHHeu cocTaaa BOAbi (1783). 



565 



** Bejiuii (aaa h mTemep) noHnaaeT acTannyio hack) Tore at "«BJieHnyK>" uncta, 
bo "«BjieHHyio" Be b odmibom, ■ ■ "ihctom onine". Hoajntfxneumc arouy ohb 
hbxoabt, aanpnuep, a acpopaaae Tere "Kto AoaojibcrByeTca hbctmm onbrroa a ■ co- 
Niacaa e aaa nocrynaeT, y Toro aoctbtohbo acTaanoro" (G oe the s Wetke. Bd. 7. S. 
S10). Taaaa o6paaoa, bam noBBHaerca aaa iacn> ouutb (uctoto), noaToay Bcjimb 
B abhhom KOHTCKCTe aaauBaeT ee He "npHMMmjieHHoa", ho "bhabmoh". 

41 B snoxy Tere cymscTBOBajm abb Teopaa caera: impnyaeyAxpHax Teopaa, aoropyio 
noAAepataaaji Huotoh, aayiajia cbot kbk n xoJie6aTejiLBMe" Aaaateaaa <iacTan. (aop- 
nycayji); toAHO*an Teopaa, aoTopyio paaaaaajia ^eaapT a rtoareac, ■HTepnpeTHpoaa.ua 
cbct kbk ABaaceaae bojih stpapa. 3&up ace, 6yfly>m CTopoaHaxoa bojihoboh Teopaa 
caera, paccMBTpaaan aojiay aax nepnoAaraecaoe aojie6aTejuHoe AaaateHHe, aoTopoe 

■ onpeaejiaeT caer. 

** J^hcoh repmejn naywi, kbk ■ Tere, amneaae no/upnaaaaB caera. 

M OnocT«H JKaa Opeaeju — oabb H3 cbmmx aaTopHTeriuix ctopohbhbob bojihobob 
Teopaa cacTa, onaroAapa aoTopouy ona crana rocnoAcraoBBTk b cpaaaae aaiajia XIX a.; 
a 1815 — 1823 it. BunoJauJi ouTBioiaeeca KJiaccaHecaaa BCCJieAoaaaae uojiBpaaanaa 

■ ABHppaaipn caera. 

"Obthkb HuoToaa, b tom wane ■ ero Hayaa o naete, noAiaHaerca CTporaa 
HexaHBXO-uaTeHBTanecKaM aaaoaaa. Haapaaep, naeT oh aaaepan "paB.BOHaju.HMu" 
motoaoic, onpeneJiaa: 1) noipHHy naeraMx oojioc b npaaicaTBYecaoa cnearpe; 2) tojj- 
noray aoaAymaux cjioea assay conpaaacaMnpntaca jiaaaaua, Aajomaua aoTeptpepeB- 
QHOHHadl coeaTp. 

" O (paaaojiorHiecaoa onmae TeTe cat. npaae«i. 16 hbct. tji. 

** Bejrua ODMrpMtaaeT nonyjiapiuie H3peiCHHa: aHaaeaBToe BMcaaafciaaHHe Apxaae- 
na bo apeaa cnycaa Ha BOAy raraHTcaoro cyaea npa aoaonni CBCreau pbnaroa: "^bbtc 
nae TOiay onopu, ■ a nepeBepay nap" a aaaecTHyio naraTy as DpeAHCJioaaa a "06mea 
reopaa aefia" Kbbtb: "flaarre aae aaTepaio, h a nocrpoio aa aee aap". 

** Haemrca b BHAy cjiobb Tere, caaaaaBMe aa daBepaaay: "...acea, <rro a cosabji aaa 
host, a Baiyn. ne ropatycb. Baecre co aaoio bchjih npeBoexoaHMe nssiu, eme Jiyinme 
anna no aeaa a 6yAyT am nocne aeaa. Ho vro a caoea ctojuthb a TpyAHoa aayae 
yveaaa o nacre Mae OAaoay aaaecraa acTBHB, aro npencnojusaeT aeaa ropAOCTa 
a cosaaaaa npeBoexoACTBa bba aaoraaa'' (P a a r o b o p u c r«Te. C. 287). 

** npejioajieaae caera — aaneaae, npoacxoAamee npa naaeaxm CBeTOaoro ny>ata aa 
rpaHimy, pajflejiaiomyio abb npoapa<mue cpe«n, a aaajuoiaiomeeca a tom, hto npa 
npoxoacAeaBH caeroBoro nynaa nepea rpaHany asaeHaeTca aanpaBJieHHe pacapocTpaae- 
aaa caeTa. 

"Huotob ciHTaji, kto npa KBatAoa npejioMJieaBB cbctb B03HHaaeT no6oHHoe 
pacceaaae caera, a noaaaaji aro aaa aeycTpaaaayio HeacnpaaHOCTk jihhs xejiecaonoa. 
Ho a cepeABae XVIH a. aHTJiaacaaB odthk ^bcoh JJflJimmn orapfcui BoaaoaiaocTb 
cosABaaa axpoaaTHiecaax o6%earoa as aoa6Baanaa Jiaas, CAeJiaaabix aa paaatix 
copTOa creaaa. 3tot (pan naji Tere hoboa ycoaaaTkca b npaaajiuiocTB Teopaa caera 
Huotobb a npoaecTB coocTBeaHbie HaSjuoneaaa. 

M KpoH (m&m.; Kronglaa) — onravecaoe ctukjio c mbjiob paaHHqea a noaaaaxejie 
npefloajieaaa cbotobhx uojm paajiaiaoa nnwai; tpjuurr (hbm.: Flintglas) — onTaiecaoe 
creajio c 66jtbnDai ooaaaaTeaea npeJioaJieaaa, lea npocroe ctckjio, ■ 6ojiunea flacnep- 
caea (pacceaHaea) caera. 

" BepoaTBo, onDBSaa naaaTB Bejioro: uepaaa paSora HtioTOHa no onTaae "Hoaaa 
Teopaa cbctb a obctob", b xOTopoa oh aBfcaasaji aaeHBe o n TejiecaoCTB CBera" (aop- 

566 



nycxyjupHaa ranOTe3a), 6una hm aajioaceaa b bbac aoKJiafla b JIobaohckoic xopojiea- 
cxou o6mecTBe ■ 1672 r. 

" Hayiaaa KapTBHa lupa, co3A>BBaa Huotobou, b «ajn.He£ina« a6cojnoTB3anBa 
3BKOHOB uexaaiuca apaaejiB a npeflCTaBJienajo o toii, <rro oca BcejieHHaa (ot btoiiob ao 
njiaHer) aajuerca aauitHyTofi uexaHBnecaoH CBCTeuoB, cocroamea Ha BeB3KeBBMX 
ajieuesTOB b noAiBBXtonteaca aaxoHau bmotobobckoh (xjiaccaiccxoB) uexaBBxa; a cboio 
oiepegk, KJiaccaiecKaa KcxaBxxa XVII — XVEQ aa. Bbipafxvrajia cnena<pBHecxBe npen- 
craajieBHa o tcaTepaa, AaaateBBB, npocxpaBcrae b Bpeiceaa, npoTaateBBOCTH a t. a-, 
xo-ropbie Jierjia a ocHOay (paJiocotpaa, o6%acBaiom,eB paaaHTae npapoAbi a lejioaeiec- 
koto oSmeCTBa uexaHHKO-itaTeuaTBiecKBUB aaxoBaiui (J^exapT, CuiiH03a). 

" Status nascendi (Mm.) — cocroaBBe aapoatACBBa. 

"Prius (juun.) — 6ojiee paaaee, npeflmecxayiomee, t. e. acxonaoe (BOJioaceaae). 

" B vacTHOcra, flexapT paccuaTpasaji hcbbotbmx aaa "uamBEii", t. e. kbk oojiboc- 
iuo uaTepaaJibBbie cymecTaa (tojiipKO npoTaaceBBue, bo bs Mbicjiamae cy6cTaaqBH), 
BOAtHBeBHue MexaBBiecaBK aaxoHaa npapoau. Ho yaw (ppaanyacKaB uaTepaajiHCT 
JlaxcTpa a ipanaTe "0 flyrae" (1745) pacnpocTpaBBJi axy Bflew ^exapTa aa TOJioaexa 
b bbsji noaaTae "lejioBex-icamBBa", cpaaaBBaa ero c oco6biu "lacoBbiu uexaHBauoM". 

" B cpHJiococpcaax cBcreicax XVII b. (y ^eaapra h Cnaaoabi) nap pasAeJieo aa A»e 
caMOCToaiejUBkie ■ BeaaaHCBiiue ibctb — BporaaceaByio (SeaAyxoaaax npapoAa) 
a icbtcjiamyio (SecTejiecnua Ayx). IIpaaAa, ^exapT k curraji bx nayua aTpa6yTaiiB 
(neHCTaautUH) nporBBOnojioiKHbix cy6craBr{BH, Cnaaoaa we — npOTBBonojioiKBbaiB 
aTpfl6yTU(B eoBBOB a eABBcraeBBOB cy6craHUBH (Bora). 

" Abijibbckhh yTOHua a 6orocjioa Po6epT Boajib, aajiaacb iiocneAOBa-rejieM Baxoaa 
Bepyjiaucaoro, hoaxoabji k aayveBBio npapoAM aa ocaoae onbirabix abbbux (oncpbui 
aaxoa cacaiHa raaoa, Tax saa. aaxoa BoaJia-MapaOTTa, npoaOABJi om,m>i naA 3JieKrpH<ie- 
ctbok a u«rHeTB3UOM), bo OAHOapeueHBO aaBBxanca ibcto "AyxoaBOa" (pejiBnoaBOB 
a Sorocjioacxoa) AearejiuaocTuo, aaaemaji xamrraji nun ocBoaaaBa eateroaBUX TreoBB 
06 acTBaax OrxpoacHBa. 

" HrajibXHCKaJi yneHbia TajiBJieo rajiBJiea oTxpun BCTopaio ahbbubkh: ob nepabm 
aaiABBayji back) 06 othocbtcju.hoctb A>H»eau, penmji pa« ocbobbmx uexaaanecxax 
npo6jieu, npeacAe acero, Bsytaji aaaoHM cboSoaboto naAeaaa, a ero yieBBK b nocjienoBa- 
iejo> Toppa«iejij]B CfpopiiyjiBpoaaji npHBHwn naaaceBBa neaTpoa tjiwcctb, TaKBU 06- 
paaou, yace ao Huotobb 6i»uia BbiABaayra tpHaavecxaa ranOTe3a o tok, hto, ojiaronapa 
cane Taatecra, cbo6orho niAUOaxie a SpomeBBbie Ttjia ABBBtyrca bo npaxoa. 

^pyraa rpynaa tpBaaaoa, xo-ropyio ynoiuiHaeT Bejibia (Kemiep, Kapxep h ^exapT), 
ae Bpaaaaaaa cajibi TaacecTH b na6juoflaa 3a ABHateHaeu nJiaseT, ciBTana, <rro Tejia, 
BpcAOCTaaJieBBbie caim ce6e, ABHMyTca do oapyacBOCTB bjib sjuiancy: Kenjiep paccua-r- 
paaaji CojiHije, saaBKaamee oabb as ipoxycoa aJLHanTBiecKOB op6BTbi, aax bctoybbk 
cbjui, BpHBOAannia BJiaaeTbi a ABBKeaae, j^exapT ODBCbiaaji abbkcbbc npa noHonni 

UOBHTBa "BBXpb" ■ T. A' 

" KapTcaaaBCTBO (ipBJiococpBX flexapxa a ero nocjieAOaaTejiea) aaJiajiocb ao apeue- 
aa HuoTOaa Haaoojiee BJiajrreJii>BbiM aayiao-$BJioco(pCKBi« HanpaBJieHaeu a kobtbbcb- 
TajOHoa Eapone (oco66bbo ao OpaaniiB a ibcthiho a Anrjiaa). 

" Huotob B3Jiaraer caoio "xejiecnyio" (aopnycxyjiapByio) Teopara Caere npa nouo- 
mB BaTeaaTBiecKHX cpopayji a iBCJioaaix nponopitaa (en.: Hhtomon H. OaTaxa. M., 
1927). 

" Hko6 MojiemoTT c-mraJi, ito ace ncBXOJiorB^ecxBe a AyxoBHiie npoqeccu flueraT 
Ben<ecTBeBBO-<pB3BOjiorB<iecKyio npapoay b 3aBacaT, b lacraocTB, ot xapaxrepa bbibb, 

567 



ee cocrasa h t. a,.; tbkhm o6paaou, oh xax 6bi a«->i BynkrapHO-iiaTepaajiBCTBiecxoe 
saaepmeHHe uexaHHCTHiecxHU npencTiBjieHBaii HuoToaa, pacnpocrpaaHB ax na cdiepy 
"flyxa": cam aaea, Tepaer caoio AyxoBayx) ocHoay a npeBpamaeTca b ihcto duttaojiora- 
vecaoe XBJieaae. Ten ate, cihtbct BejniB, cyiieji coxpaHan. a cBrre ayxoBHyio cym- 
HOCTb, xorx a noAonieJi k ero asyieaaio Toate c hosikei (basaojiorBB. 

** Meraep sneer a aafly KaaTa a ero (xpBTBTOcxoe) TOjixosaHae "hbctob" uexa&HKu 
a kWTetiaTaDUi: "...He aa6juoneHBe roaopaT KpHTHiecxa ocuoTpaTeJibHOity Ha6jiK>A8Tejuo 
o MexaaaaMe npapooM, a HaooopoT, anea o Taxoii aexaaa3><e, abipocmaa aa noue 
jioraKO-uaTeaaTBHecKOro CBOBCTBa Hamero BHTejuiexTa, aeBOJn.BO npeAOOCMJiaeTCX Ha- 
6jix>AeBHX>, — ■ ace aaSjnOAeaae HeaaiieTHO BOATHBxeTCi anom npeAHOCMJixe. 3acjryra 
ace xpaTanauca no oTHOmeaaio a KexaHBaaaHy aiceHao a saxjiioiaeTcx b arpaaBTOHaa 
a a peryjiapoaaaaa nocJieflHero" (Famumneni o TeTe. C. 132 — 133). 

** Pe*v bast o CTaiJ* DlTeBBepa Texe npoTBB BTOMaaua", nouemcHaoa b IV tomb (1 
vaerk) "EcTecTBeBHO-HaytHMX coHHHeHaa" Tere. 

m "Coaepmeaao npaaHjn.HO oTueseafcaiaeT DlTeBBep Teopaw Tere ot Teopaa Bsrra- 
jiBCroa a HexaaanacroB. Ho oneaxa 3thx Teopafi, lax a cjieAoaaJio wabti., y aero 
omatxnaa. Oh ae OTflaeT AOJiataoe coaaaTejikHoiiy, ce6x pa3yiiHO orpaHHiKaaioiDeMy 
aexaaanaaify; ctbbbt Bara/nUK hba MexaBanaaxoM <...} bbabt b BoaapeHaa TeTe xax 6u 
mar anepea. or BBTaJHaua, ae cyueBinero yapem* cmtpxHycmtewto* » lytcmatomoM 
optaMUttcxoM ooJMue, * ien SyATO uuEao a 3axjiio<»eTca aauiyra Fere" — Tax 
HavaaaeT Meraep § 1 HaasaaaoH rjiaati, KOTopyio aveer b Bn«y Beju.ni b aaHaou 
KOBTeacte. J^ajiee aa ocaoBe HeSojiuuoa crana Tere "BjieieHee a otpopujieaaio" 
("BildungBtrieb") 1817 t., xoropyio Meraep HaatiaaeT "saacaoa AJia HOHaicaBBa xax 
6a<uiorBai<a, Tax a x p a T Hna ana Fere" (PiiKuontBii o Ftie. C. 130), oh 
paecyacAaer o noaaTaa "ataaaeBBax cbjib", nojioacenHOM b ocHoay Teopaa bbtbjihctob 
(*am.: vita — ataasfc). B sroa caaaa Tere namer, «rro "...y opraHBiecKoi uaTepaa, xaxoH 
6bi acBBoa mm ee ce6e bb npeACTaanajia, Bcerfla ocTaeTca HecxojiMco BemecTBeHHiiii 
xapaxrep. Cjiobo "cana" o6o3aa*aeT npeatae acero Hevro tojimco (pnaHiecxoe, flame 
MexaaBCTBvecaoe, a to, vro aojdkbo opraHaaoaaTBca aa 3toh iiaTepnH (nocpeacxBou 
BcaaaeBBOB chjim. — H. JI.), ocraercx njix Hac Teiuuiu, HenoBBTHMM nyaxTOM" 
(Coethes Werke. Bd. 12. S. 37). Taaax o6paaon, corjiacHO Tere, oohbthc "acaaHeH- 
aaa cbjib" ae cnoco6ao hojihoctuo oumcbti. cnenacpaKy opraHaaua, uoaroicy oh bboabt 
noBXTae "BJieteaae", "ycajieBHaa nearcjikBOCTi.", Heiro "aHTponoMopd)Hoe", — cajiy, 
ocymecTBJiaiomyio od^opiuieHae opraaaaica. MeTHep a arrou paccyxAeHBB TeTe bbabt 
BpoTBBOBoeTaBJieaae hobbthb cbjim a uaTepam hobbthio aca3HB a cmTaer, ito Tere He 
cnejiaji "mara aoepeA* 1 no OTHomeaBio x BBTajiBauy, bo "ocynmn paa aaacerAa BBTaJiHaa 
a BooSnje Bcxxyio ifOHBCTB«iecKyx> nyTBHBny (...) a tcm caiu.ni eme pas cxpenaji cboh 
AyajiBaM" (PamuiliJieaBi o Tere. C. 131), t. e. pasAeJiHJi Map, noAvaBnomaHca 
aexaHBKO-HaTeiUTBiecKHU aaxoaaif, a napcxao opraHBiecxoa npHpoA>>i. UlTeaHep ate 
CTpoBT Apyryio Keno«uty: HexaHHiiBaH — BHTajinau — rereBCxaa opraHanB3U — aHTpo- 
nocod^cxax "AyxoBHaa Bayxa"; reTeBcaaa "opranBiecKaa" "cauia" (o<popuji«jomee ajie- 
^eHae) Bueer BByrpeBBBa (cBepxiipapoAHboi) bctohhbk, AyxoBHoe Haiajio, KOTopoe TeTe 
BMeayeT "Bor, Taopeq, BceAepacaTejik" (Goethes Werke. Bd. 12. S. 37). noaroity 
DlTeaaep HaauBaeT Tere, xax b ce6a, "flyxoBHi.ni kohhctou". Can IVre c-mraeT, ito 
"ecjm opraaaHecxoe cymecTBO BCTynaer b asjieHae, Hejikaa docthhi. eAHHCTaa a cBo6oati 
odjtopBJiaiomero BJie<teBaa 5ea noBBraa ueTanopcpoabi" (S. 38). T. e. oTAeJiBHaa jkhghb 
uoaccT 6brrb noaxra a oqeHeHa jiina a KOHTexcTe 2Kb3hh xax Taxoaoa, b ocHoae Ko-ropoa 
AeacTBBTenbHO iieaorr "p^txmBme", "ayx". i 

S68 



" Htbkb — ocTpoa b CpcAHseicBOU uope, KOTopua cvTaeTc* poAaaoa jiereoA'pHoro 
ApeBHerpevecKoro repoa Oflaccea. 

71 To o6mee, ito o&»eABHaer H/ia-roea, ApacTOTejia h Tere, Bbjimh bbxoabt a ax 
sarjiaaax bb BAeaJifcaoe. IljjaTOB OBTOJiorasapyeT ha«k>, c-mraeT ee TpaHcasHAeHTaju.HOB 
yuonocTaraeuoa (popuoa, cymecTayiomeH Bbune 6mtb> b He6brru, ho OTAejimo or 
CAHHa<uu>ix aemea. ApaCTOrejii. Taaate npaaaaeT aajiaiBe BAeajiuoro **aceo6n(ero*' 
— "poA", "bba", t. e. pOAOayio hjib BHfloayio "djopuy" acmea, ho b or/onae ot IIjiaToaa 
CHBTaer 3Ty "tpopuy" BByTpeaae npacymea cauoa Bents, cocTaajuxnneB ee cymaoCTfc- 
B ero (pHJiocodnm anepaue, namer Tpy6enaoa a "YieaHB o jioroce", Ha KOTopoe 
HeoAHOKpaTBO cckuiaerc* Bejuia, "aoaeiHaa nejn." (<popua. — H. JI.) npeACTaBJiaercjt 
Kajt aaiajio, aiaiaHeBTBoe caium aemau, kbe AeacTayiomaB anepraa, kbjc opraaaaytDmoe 
aa<UJio. IIoHme opraaaaua kbk aayTpeaae casuuno ueaoro, aueiomcro a ce6e aanajio 
caoea qejibHOCTB, 6biJio anepaue dnJiococpcKa paapa6oTBHO ApacTOTejieu (TpyStumu C. 
H. Coihh*hhh. M., 1994. C. 75). 9ra "(popua" — "saepraa" ApacTOTejia 6jia3Ka 
rereacicouy cohstbio oprajuraecxoro "ocbopiuiaiomero BJieieHM" (upauei. 70 Ban. rjj.), 
KOTopoe ob BBorAa bcjiba aa ApacTOTejieu HaauaaeT • Sojiee oGmeu cukicjie "sarejie- 
xaea". B aCTopaa (pajiocodtaa, — cnrraer BcnuH, "a IIjiaToae — jibbbb aaepx: or 
omynTeaaa k HBA-jnnHMU BAeau; b Apacrorejie — noaopoT: ot Bsea k "™°jr*Tny*i>- 
Heamea" noAOcaoae onarra, a cy6cTaBnaa" (Hciopn a y m a. C. 254); ho o6a yveaaa, 
Kan aupaataeTGa Bejiua, "acnopieHu" a cpeAaeaexoBi.e: «["■■"■■ peajmau Beju>ia 
CBB3UBa« c jibhbbb "uHHUOro" IIJiaTOHa, a apaaBBB BOKaaaJiaaK — c "nceaflo- 
apHCTOTejiaaBCTBOu" hjib dwaoueaajnuuou. Tens ate, a sneci. Bejibia b cbohx paccyaw 
hhbx cjiCAyeT aa DXreaaepou, BoccraaaBJiBBaeT njiBTOHHiecKoe uapoBoaapeHHe (hcho- 
cpeACTBCHBoe coaepnaHae bach) apacTOTejieaeKHU uctoaou ("yrJry6jieBaeu" b cymaocTh 
aemea a npeAMeroa npapoAu), bo Jiann. aju ofuiacTa aaya o npapoAe. 

™ Pe<u> habt o r«Te h IIjiaTOHe. 

14 Bejifcii aaeeT a aaAy apHCTOTeJieacayio Teopaio CBera a naeroa, KOropyio npoAOJi- 
auui Tere b caoeu "yienaa o nacre" a coiJiacao KOTopoa cbct — 3to aaTejiexaajiuiaa 
(popua, BOUJiontaiomaaCB a icaTepaa. KoaKperabia caer (y Tere — Baer), Taaaai 
oopaaou, apeAeTaajueT co6oa eABHcrao "cpopui,i"-CB«rra h uaTCpHa-Ti.iu.1. 

" DlreHBep a abbhou kohtckcto npasoABT reTCBCKoe noHHuaHBe cauaoJiaaKa: "Chm- 
BOJiaau npeapamacT aBJieHae a babm), bacxi a o6paa, a npaTOii tbk, tto HAea Bcerfla 
ocrae-rcH a o6paae SecaoHeiHo AeHCTBeHHOH a hcaoctbikhuoh a, auk* abipaBteaaaa aa 
acex BSMxax, ocTajiack 6n ace-Taxa HeBbipa3HHoa n (Goethes Werke. Bd. 7. S. 522). 

"Cp. y Tare: "AjiJieropaa npeapamaeT aaJieHae a noaflTae, noHBTae a o6paa, 
ao Tax, ito uoaarae ace eme coflepatarca a o6paae a onpeaeJieHHoa a uojibob 
ipopue a npa nouoma SToro o6paaa uoater 6bm. avipaaceao"; "HcTaHHtia cbiibojib3u 
tbm, rA« lacTHoe aaJiaeTCi npeACTaaarejieic aceo6niero, ae Kaa rpesa hjib Ten, 
Bo kbk acaaoe KraoaeHHoe OTapoaeHHe roro, tto He coAAaeTca accjieAO»aHaio" 
(Goethes Werke. Bd. 7. S. 428). B aohuou KOB-reiccTe Bejn>ia Hiceer a aaAy 
"Teopaio" kbk "co3epnaHae" (upauet. 29 a i-ji. 2). 

"MeTa(pH3Hica {ipm.: meta ti phyaiki — nocjie <phshkh) — HaaaaaHe pa6or 
ApaCTOreju, Koroptie 6ujib pacuoJioseHbi ero yieaaxaiiB a caacae TpyAoa nocjie 
"(pasajta" a a Koroptix 6buia coSpaau paaMMiruieHaa ApacTOTejia no o6npmi (pHJioco<p- 
OKbk npo6jieuaa — o "6i.ithh cauoa no ce6e" (npo6jiem,i cymero, 6mtb*, noaaaHaa, 
■anaJi). IIo3TOuy "(pH3BKa r ' Tore, aoae>iHafl neju. kotopoh — ray wti> npadieaoueau 
(anecfc noaHaHae naerHOCTB aaa npoaajieaHoro CBera), Ha3Baaa a abbhou KOHTexcTe 
"KeTB4>H3HKOH n ( = nocTHateHae CBexa = buck =Bceo6wee). 

569 



** Meraep mmer.' "Chmbojihju" Tpe6yer ocoSobho xpaTBiecxoro coieTaHaa njuopa- 
Jlaaua, ayajiHSita ■ uoBHaua; sto coieTaaae bcbjio b TeTe a kbbbjio ero Taopqecxyio 
umcjiV (FiiuufflJieBHi a r«n. C. 190). 

n IIocKOJifc«y Huotoh nOHBuan cbct kbk uexaamecioe cnoateime orAeJii.uj.ix 
OBeroB, t. «., b cymjaocTH, orpanaji ero aajmiHe, to, 3aa<wr, ajih Hero He auejio cuucjia 
■ noHBTBe "tim" (k*k npoTBBonojioataocTb CBery). TeTe ate cjieayeT b cbobx npencraB- 
JieHHax o nacre aa apflcroTejieBCKoa TpaAanBeH (npauei. 74 aacr. hi.). 

"MnBOTup — b Apeaaerpeiecxoa uwpojiorBB sto iejiOBexo-6bix, xumynoiH aa 
Kpare a oxpaBJOomjafi Jia6BpBBT nap* Mbbocb. BejuucoJieaaaji amnoaaa, anojiae 
noHBTaaa b KOBTexcre khbth h Be XMaKusaaca ocaopSjieaHeu Meraepa, kbk ee bctojiko- 
aajui apHTHKB Benoro, a "BrpoBbnc" o6paaou xaBTBaana MeTHepa, cjiouaaoiero cbob 
"por" o kbhtobcku n jia6HpBBT n , ayna He cuor bobth aaace TeTe (npauei. 41 HacT. rJi.). 

" IIpHHei. 27 K rji. 2. 

"Bejiua Be HaauBaeT aflecb Meraepa, xotb aoJieuaaHpyeT kohchbo ace c bbm. 
MeTBep b CBoeu aOBBuaHHH "ofrkBCHCHBa" npspoAM ccunaeTcx aa rejiburojibna, 
KOTopuH aucevaer, tto c tovkb apeBU (pHaajcH aBJieaBe npapoAM uoateT corraTbca 
"anoJiHe o&bXCHeHHbiM'', ecjia oho CBeneao K "aocjieAHBU cbjibu npaponu, Jieacamau 
B ocaoBe ero b b bom neaCTayioinHK <...). Ho rax kbk mm HBKoraa He BOcnpaBBuae* chji 
caMBX no ce6e, a tojimco bx neficTBae, to ui BbraystneHbi a xaatAOU oSucaeBBa 
XBJieaHH npapoAM noKHflaxb oSnacTb «iyBCTBeHHOCTH a nepexoABTb k BeaocopaBHua- 
eubm, jmnib iepea noaaTae oapeAeJiaeubiu Beru.au (...). Ho Taxoe opyaoBaoae bohjith- 
bkb ae ecrh oDucaeaae, a npaKTB<iecxB-OTB.iieieBHoe cxeuaTaaBpoBaHae" (Piiuum- 
Jieaaa o TeTe. C. 469 — 470). 

Bonpoc o rpaaHSe noaaaHaa HKeer ajih Bejioro cynjecTBeaaoe 3BaieaHe, b oh ae paa 
x aeuy BoaBpamaerca. B cTaTte "Cictoiii rpaAama fjie" oh yTBepatAaeT 
BenpaBOKO<mocn> hoaoGhob nocraBOBKB Bonpoca: "uoweT 6tm. Jianib Bonpoc o rpaHHne 
ooaBaBHii paccyflua" (OP PTE. <D. 25. K. 36. Ea. xp. 4. JI. 27). "IIpe«HeT B cer fl a 
noaBBBaeu, bjib ace npeAuera a aer: BoaruutHOBenHe BeaosBaaaeuoro npenuera ecTb 
Bcerga noaaaaTCJib npefluernoro UbimneHa* b aaiajio UbmiJieBH* 6ec-apeAuerBoro, t. e. 
auaaBb cauoH IU.ICJ1H — npeAABepae napcraa paayua; y npeAAaepaa a-roro paccyaoit Hau 
co3A>eT aoepparaiio: "npeAueT", nepexBHyrMH icpea rpaHHqy: aa-rpaaaiHtiB apeaueT 
ecTb aauBb b ce6e bucuib: aaueaeBBe xapaxTepa ubanJieHaa (...) ...ecjia 6m uti 
cnpocajia: BoauoacBO jib BBe-noHaTBHHO ubicjraTi., a ecjia aoaKoaiBO, to xajc — bmccto 
AoruaTHKB o rpaHHUax BoaHHKJia 6bi Bosaa npo6jieiia no3BaHHa: ieu flojiatao 6uti> 
BoaaaaBe: aaKOBO ero OTBomeBae 1) a AaaHOiiy, 2) K AaHHOuy MeroflHiecKH" (JI. 29 — 30). 

" Phtm — OflHa aa BaatBeflmBX KaTeropaa b (paJioco^tcKO-scTeTBieCKoa CBCTeue 
Bejioro, xaa a b apyry pyccaax cbicbojibctob BOo6me, tbjc xaa aueHHO paTU opraaB3yeT 
rapiioBHio BcejieHHOH, npespamaeT ee b cahboc uejioe. Hto6u cjienca crjiaAHTb nojieuB- 
iecKHH Bacrpoa Benoro, npHBeneu xapaaTepHCTaay pHTiia, naHByio MerHepou, anojiae 
coBnanaioniyjo, xotb b ae CTOJib aaMCKaHHO Bbipaweanyio, c uaeBHeu Bejioro: "BaanaJie 
6bOi pHTii. Tax roBopHT ae toju«ko Faac (poa Biojiob b np. uyabncaHTu, bo b acTpoaou 
<I>epCTep. "Pbtu aueer b ce6e hbtto uaravecxoe: oh aacTaajiaeT aac BepaTb b to, ito 
B03BbimeHBoe apBaanJiesBT aau", — Tax roaopaT TeTe <...). Pbtu ecrb T»op«iec- 
KB-aepBaiBbni aJieiceaT, Hei-ro BBAHBHflyajibHoe, BpoacAeBBoe b cbocu abbkchbb, up- 
panBOHajibBoe". H Aajiee b CBaaa c uyabixoa MeTBep npoAOJiataeT: "Pbtu ecTb m»opiec- 
Kan udea (BbiAejieao ubom. — H. JI.), TaxT xajiaeTCB 6eccoAep»aTejibBO-<popuaju,BOK) 
rpaiuiaTHiecKoio AaBHOCTbio uy3bUtajibHOH peia, a ueTp npeACTaBXiaeT co6oio Beaa6e»- 
BbiB acBaHeaabia Kounpouacc, 6ea Koropqi-o BesoauoiKBO BonJioweuae paTua" (Bom,- 

570 



tfium. MoAepBBUf a Myauaa. M., 1912. C. 3SS — 3SS). Tucmc o6paaoic, pe<u, bam o pBTMe, 

UK ■ B A*HHOIf KOBTeKCTe, BOIUIOmUomeU aepBBYBMB "cUklCJl". H B 9TOM aaaieaBB 

"para" npeACTaBJiaeT co6oa oco6yio "noABBBCByio" cpopuy, cnoco6Hyio o&beAHBBTi. 
aarepaaJi, opo-iun ero BayTpenBKuo "babm". JJpn Bejioro MyihucaMHo-tuamwuatuu. 
pumM — ooao aa cooTaflTCTBBB-caMBO/iOB (c uaneautoa Syaau) rjiaaaoa TBopsecKoa 
(popuu, opraHH3yion(ea rapaoaaio 6brraa — "Cbkboji" (c 6oju.diob 6yKau), aaa 
h fpajiocotpcaaa "bao*" {aaea a aBJieBaa), opapoAaua "opraBaau", TOjioaeiecaoe 
"caKO-eo-aaaHBe", penaraoaaMB "Jlyx". B crane "Ilaiciiy a ctbji cbubojibctom..." ob 
nacaJi: "...opepoi ate acaoaoro cujutoAa itae Shjio canoe npoiTeaae npaaqana aym- 
Typu aaa panu ■ pama aaa BMaaJieaaa lejioaeiecaoro ,Hyxa aa cboSoam" (Cau- 
bojibs*. C. 478). 

" KoBTpanyHKT, aapsAy e pantou, — oabo aa neaTpajibaux noaaTaa ^umocotpaa 
■ scTOTaata Bejioro. KOBTpanyaxTe aaa aoaapeTBOii ajieueare aoaTaaa ■ aaTepupera- 
naoo ero "uyjuaajitnoro" caucjia • OTAenuuux npoaaaeACBBax Bejioro cm.: ftpaap JI. 
AaApea Bemdi — "aounoaaTop aabiaa" // Myuiaajiuiaa aaaAeuaa. 1994. JVs 3. Ho Ana 
Bejioro 3to oe npocro TexmaqecKaa npaeu. dram MyakiaajibBMii Tepaaaou Beaua tacro 
oooaaavaji aeaoe Mtipo»ot3p*HH»CKO* edunemao « MHOMc*cm4eHHOcmu, rapuoBBiecaoe 
cnaaaae TeoperareecBoro a aaTyaTaaaoio aosaaaaa, cnocoSaocri. a aaanaay a caaTeay 
OABoapeMeaao. Cxeaa BoaTpanynrra, muneT ob a "daSjieaaTaae caMCJia", "a nepejioace- 
bbb a eoveTaaaa MBpoaoaapeaaa; npaanan KOarpanyaKTa — apBTanaaa, coeaBBCBBbiB 
e iHoaacov caaaftnaaaa" (C a k a o ji a a u. C. 438). CoBcTBeaaoe aapoaoaapeBBe a ajHTpo- 
noco^HBM oa Taaaxe xapaaTepajyer aaa KOBrpanyan: "...Tyr a Tan nonuraa aonpoc 
o MBpoBOiapeaaa aaifeaaTi. Teopaea uapoBQ33pBT«uitnoro KOBTpanyBBTa" (Iloietty 
a craji cbmbojibctob... // Cikiojiiih, C. 456). CeuaaTBiecaoe noae aToro cjioaa 
aepeceaaerca y Bejioro c ceuaBTBiecaBiai aonsua apyrax cjjob, KOTopue tbxjko b tob ana 
bbob aepe wpaacaioT "ctifcicjioayio caBai" (chvbojj, rpaaanaa, pane, cosaaaae a «p.). 

"Meraep aveer ■ aaAy, «rro "o«jcyjn.TBHji" cnocoS noaaaaaa IDTeaaep odocbobm- 
aaji c noHombJo nmux Bay* (h«m.; exakt — tohbmb). 

"Moaaaa aaoxa pySeata XIX — XX as. caaauBajica c aaeaea reaxejia a coJiaacajica 
e aaTcpaajniCTBxecaau cboco6om noaaaaaa, tbk aax reaaejib a 1906 r. ocaoaaJi "Coioa 
kobbctob", aoTopbia CTaaagi dbjiuo 6opk6y c penaraea a DpoaaraBsy uaTcpaaJiaaHa (c 
1912 r. "Coioa uobbctob" Boarjiaaaji cpaaaa Bajibrenui <PpaApax OcTaajiifl. nTreiraep 
ate aaabnuui caoe MapoaoaapeBBe "uucjieaaMM aoaaaMoa'' (CiRjioco^gi caoSo- 
(u. C. 1S7), • o HarepaajiBCTBiecKoic uoaaaMe nacaji, ito "npencTaaarejia coapeueH- 
aoro Mosaaaa, c npoipeccopoat reaaejieu so rJiaae, yaaaiOT a TeTe npopoaa Aapaaaaaifa; 
npenCTaaJiaioT ceoe opraaanecaoe, coaepmeaBO a ax cauucjie — noA^aaeaabai aaaoBau, 
aBBCTByioiiniM a aeopraaa^ecaoa npapoAe. Hero TeTe aeAocraeT, tbk sto ceneanaoaaoB 
teopaa, c Boaomwo KOTopoa, moji, tojq>ko ^[apaaa oSocaoaan uoaacTwecaoe aapoaoa- 
apeBBe" (Abechluaa iiber Goethes morphologiache Anichauungen // Einleitungen. S. 
116). Cm. Taaate apaaei. 9 a rji. 2. 

17 HaeeTca a aaAy, hto ocaoay a npapoAM, b acayecraa (aflecj.: aao6paaaTejaaoro) 
■acTaaJiaeT eAaaaa aeuarepaaJibaaB cynniocTk — Ayx (caer). 

** IIpBMeq. 24 aacT. rji. 

**BeJiUB Baeer a aaAy paccyacAeaae UlTeaaepa, KOToptm a cra-rfce Tbtc npoTaa 
•maum" aauiaaeT "aejienocTbio" ippaay aa BbicTynjieaaa rejiuiroju»na aa aaceAaaaa 
Mteacaoro o6mecraa a Beihiape 11 amaa 1892 rona: "Moacao coacaJieTb, vro Tere 6kuia 
aeaaaecTBa yate ontpuTaa a TOay Bpeaeaa rioareacoa Bonaoaaa Teopaa caeTa, oaa «ajia 
6m eMy a pyaa 6onee npaaajibBMB a Barjiaanua "npa^eaouea", iea stot, «ab8 jib 

571 



naaxopjanjaH cjofla h cnyTaaHkia nponecc npoxoacAeaaa CBera tepes ayTBiie cpeflti" 
(Einlei tungen. S. 313). Mereep ace, aanpoTBB, ccbiJiaacb Ha pa6ory rejiuuojibna "O 
«CT«CT»eHBO-HayiHi.ix Tpynax Fere", corJiamaerca c ero UHCHaeu, «rro TeTe "BbmyjKueu 
(?!) 6mji BfciCTynHTb apaseoaa npoTaa MCxammaaMa, yrpoaasmero eateiouiyTHO ero 
noaraiecKOkiy Sjiaronojiyauo" (PiaiiumJiiiii o r«re. C. 471). 

** Bejibna, ■ cymaocxB, nOAaaicaeT Bonpoc ae Tere, a OlTeHBepa, KoropuS onrraeT, vro 
rejiuuojn.ii, hbk a BOo6me coapeueaaaa (pH3Hica, nbrraeTca "pacxBopHTb" lyacTBeaao 
■ocnpaHauaeMUH nponecc b lyacTBeHHO aeBocnpaHmiaeicbix lcexamraecKax ABHateaaax" 
(Einleitungen. S. 313), paccuaTpaaaeT lyBCTBCHHbie BocnpaurraH (aaecb: BOCnpuTHa 
aaieCTB. — H. JI.) aaa "cyfrbeaTaaHbie coctohhbk, BuaaaHHue oftbCKraaHMMii nponeccaMH", 
ito ajib IIlTefiBepa — "6ecci<MCJieHBO n (Einleitungen. S. 318), rait ui iyacTBeaai.re 
omymeHaa (iime BoenpaaTne) orpascaioT o&fceKTHBaua xaparrep aeficTBBTejiMiocTB. 

" Ranee a § 39 — 42, oTTaJutBBaac]. or floaasaTCJiiCTBa cymscTBOBaaaa necKOJiucax 
"■xexaRBJc", Bejn>iH, do cyra, npenjiaraeT crpoauayio cHcreuy toihux Hays, ooocHOBbiaa- 
Mwyio soaicoacBOCTi, "ueTaMopcpoabi" - — opraaaiecKoro npaBnaaa TeTe (TOJinyeuoro 
mspoKo), a saa<oiT, bosmohchocti. cmaojmaiia b "nyxoaBOH aay»ji" mremaepa. 

"MeTHep HKeer ■ aaay reTeacKHa: "Boarm^wamk" "yroji speHHa", <rro bco-tiu Be 
BnoJme toibo: "^Jia (paaaKB "BCTBHa" to, hto ooMoraer ea OBJiaACTb <paaa<iecKBi< 
aapou; fljia TeTe "BCnuM" to, hto mioflOTBopHO ajih iwpa AyxosBoro. Reaaa (paaaitB 
— sun, vro6u opeABBweTb, npeABHAeTb, Tro6bi aaa uoacno upoiaee oBJiaAen.; Aeaaj 
TeTe — aaaTi,, <vn>6bi cosnarb o6paa, cosnaTb o6paa, ito6u aax iioamo npo«mee 
nojDo6aTb" (P a a u u m ji e b b m o Tore. C. 120). 

"B Hciopn ay ma Beja»ia OTaeiaer: "...apaTMOc — hhcjio (rpe«ecaoe); apu-r- 
uojioma — aayaa o iHCJiax" (C. 61). 3tot paaaeji lUTeuaTHKB paapaBaTbiaaji men 
Benoro, H. B. Byraes. "Kan uareuaTHK, — uacaji 06 orae Bejiufi, — ob axjuoqaji 
a nopaio aaojnonaa peaoJuonBOHByjo pojn. caataa, npepuBa, aepoaTHOCTH, aatecTBa 
(....")■ Oh BMABHran: KaiecrBOBByio KOjnroeCTaesHOCTb nporHB tojimco kojihtoctbcbhocth 
(...). Tax oh noflonieji k CBoea ocbobhob KaieCTBeBBoa KOJiHiecTaeaHOCTB, Koropyio 
aaaaaji Hepa3JioBuau.ni aejam, floaa3bi»aa, hto JIea6BHqeBa uouan,* uoattr cootbct- 
CTBoaaTb 3T0uy aarjiaflBoay, ynpomeHaoay npeACTaaJieBHio, KOTopoe aay<mo BCKpbnia- 
eijo jxaim> b apaTMOJioraa" (Ha pyBeace. C. 171 — 172). IlepeBeceHae apHTicojioraH 
b atexaHBKy, corJiacHO Bejiouy, coaflaer BOaxoacHOCTb fljia "■a^ecTBeHHO-aojiBieCTBea- 

HO>" CpH3HKH. MeTBCp S6 CHHTaeT IpHSHKy 1HCTO KOJIHHeCTBeaBOB BayKofi: "...oaa see 

SecnomaAHO npeapamaer a kojihhcctbo, t. e. b ihcjio h QBHweHHe; ee cjieflyeT ynpeieaTb 
bo mrfla, KorAa oaa tbk oocrynaer, a 3a ro, ito oaa flojiroe apeita He coaceii nocTyaajia 
Tax ■ Horouy nyTajiacb" (P a a u u m ji e b a a o T e t e. C. 115). 

M Bo3HHKmaa b cepeaHHe XVII b. Teopaa BepoaTBocTCH — aaTeuaTHiecKaa aayaa, 
abucaaiontaa saaoaoiiepHOCTai, KOTopue aoaamtaioT upa BjaaHOAeacTaaa 6ojii.nioro 
<acjia cjryHaaHbix cpaiTopoB, bo apeueHa Bejioro paaaHBajiacb npeauymeoTBeaHO pyc- 
ckhmb MaTCiiaTaaaifH, a tou lacjie a npotpeccopou MocKOBCKoro yaaBepcHTeTa H. A. 
yuoBbOt, AOnycaaBmaii ee DpaHeaeaHe He tojiuco a liaTeuaTHKe, ho a ■ <pB3BK«. 

"AjiJiK)3aa Ha BbicKa3bDtaBHe MeTHepa o "uaTepHajiacTaiecKOV MapoB033peHaH 
aaTypajiacTa" aaa o ieu>TO caMopaayMeiomeucji: "...oto crapo no iceHunea aepe aax... 
Ksara A. Jlanre "HcTopaa iiaTepHajiHaifa". 4>pauipax Ajib6epT Jlaare, upeflCTaBHTejii, t. 
aa3. icpaTHiecKoro BAeajmaica, TOJiKoaaamBB tcaaTaaacTBO (KaaToacKBa anpaopaau) 
c ncaxoJioraqecKOB a aaate ncaxocpHaaiecKOH tcoch 3peaaa, aaa6ojiee BSBecTCH CBoea 
paooroa "Hcropaa VaTepaajnwaa a Kparraxa ero aaaqeaaa a aacToamee apeita" (1866, 
Pyc. nep. 1881 — 1883). IIo3ste b t b e T,e B e ji o u y MeTHep aamuneT, hto "3neci. 

572 



b sauna A. B-ro 3acrpaji kjioiok Harriott nepBux "ocrpeaniBX 6ecen" 1902 r., xoraa 
Jlaare cjryataji aa* aeoABoxpaTao Tenon" (JI. 306). 

m 3tbkh "cgyiaaHfcium" npuepauB ("xp«u« ycxaHOBaaicB' 1 ) Bonus noATBepvnaex 
■ASH) paaaaTBa aayxa ox crporo KOJiBHecTBCHBoa ABcnaBJiBBM ■ aaiecxBeHHyio, a mxcm 
a Ka^eCTBCBBO-KOJiaieCTBeHByK), aayiaromyK) "xounJiexcu" (cm. flajiee): ^exapr (1) nan 
onpeAcneaae anu, xoropoe 6mjio supaateBO bo 2-ic aaxoae HuoToaa: "B cbjic coaep- 
atarrcx to ace, tto b ee npoasJieHBa", x. e., roBopa cjioaauB Bejioro, "(peHOuenajiBaapo- 
bbji" ee. 06e dnuaxa cboabjtb see XBjieaaa k uepeaemeHHio Ten b bx BexaBnecxoary 
BoaoeBCTBBW Apy Ba npyra. Ho KapreaaaBCKaa diaaBxa, OTpanaa nycToe npocxpaacxao, 
npaaHaaaJia tojiuo HarepBio ■ ABaaceBae: "xaepaaa" uaxepax (TBJia) "njiaaaeT" b "mba- 
kob" (3<pBp), a bx coBOxynaaa uacca ABBBteTca * onpeAejieBBOM aanpaBJieBBB b*Mbbcb- 
moctb ot nojiyroaaoro HenocpcACTaeHBoro ynapa aum Tojrcxa. Huotob (2) yxBepawaeT 
aajnraBe nycroro npocrpaBCTBa ■ ynpa3aaaeT acpap (atBAxyio Maxepauo, aanojmaiomyx) 
npocTpaacTBo), t. e. bboabt neacTBae aa paccroxBaB b cocroxBae noaoa. 3b««bt, 
ocxaaaacb nepauM yenoaseu juhdkcbm, cbjmi uosteT AeacTBOBBTb "cxpuro" (aanpaMep, 
CBJia TXroxeBBa). IIpaBAa, HexaaaxB a ^exapTa, a HuoToaa bkciox aejio tojiuco 
c KOJiaiecxBOU (cajiki). rejiutrani>q ate b ^atoyjib (3) b abbbom KOBrexcTe — - a-ro 
nepcoHaduncanaa dwaaxa npemiymecTBeBBO xavecrBeBHOa, KOTOpaa Hueer acjio c aaep- 
raea — "BayTpeaBea* 1 cbjiob, BaKesuuomea yace xaiecxBeHHoe cocxoaHae tcjib. B CJieay- 
xnneii naparpadie Bbjimb aobojibbt aapTaay erne oobbm bbaou cbju>i — "bojicbmm 
BMnyjibcoii'' (BByTpeBBaa CBJia, npaBOACmaa a KaiecxBeHHO-KOJmiecxBeHHiiit Baneae- 
bbuOc), t. e. BHxponocotpcaoB "oaayjibTBOB cbjiob". C toikb apeaaa nTreaBepa, "anect 
cava aflea xanaeTCX npaiBHOB. H aro npoBcxoflBT xor«a, kotab mm rosopau o BOJir. 
Umax, tojui — jiw comb ud»», nocmueHymax kok cum" (Wisaen und Handeln im Lichte 
der Goetuchen Denkweiae // Einleitungen. S. 197). 

" Quantitas (Aam.) — kojibicctbo, cauia. 

"Qualitaa occulta (Aam.) — cxpuToe xaiecrBO, cbobctbo, aAecfc Taxate: "oaityjibT- 
aaa cajia". 

" "3aaoaki ABHaxaKB, — xapaaxepaayex BejiMii cooxaomeHBC bmotobobckob aexa- 
bbxb a aBxponocod)caoro bobxtbx BKnyjrkc iBciopii n y m a, — ecTb orpaaieBae 
b Ayme paccyaoiBOB paxuoB sdmpaoro rejia, rp/t axa pantu - — opraaaKa npoqeccoa 
Halm a iAe cuun aaaos xaroTeBBB ecx*. Tax caaaaxi., 3Kcnyjn>canBJt BMnyjuca atBaaa 
(bjib — opoexnaa ero b cxeicy aaxoaoa moaaei" (C. 628). 

'"Cm. 06 axou: Puiacepm r. IpaHBiifci ecxecxBeHHO-aaynjoro o6pa30BBBBX dobxtbb. 
CII6., 1903; Hayxa o opapoAe. CII6., 1911. 

1,1 Bobbob xoBb ffflu KaxoTa aa OAHOBBCHBoro poxaaa CepsaBTeca, aa KOTopoK ob 
cosepnuui caoa "ptmapcaae" boabbtb, npeflCTaBJiaronniH co6oa B peajitHoc™ noJiyAox- 
jryio ajiaiy. 

1M IIporpeccaui a perpeccaa, corJiacHO B. ByHAxy, — aro MexaaBnecxaa opaiaa- 
hocxi. a BpapoABBB qejiecoo6paaBOCTfc, x. e. n.ejiecoo6paaHOCTfc ecxt npaiBBHOcxt, 
paccKorpeBBax a ofipaTaoii Bopxaxe. B pa6oxe "CacTeua duuiococpBa" (pyc. nep. 1902 
r.) ByHAT Aoaa3biaaex odpaxaaocxi. axax bohxtbb, a Aaace b p>Ae cjiyvaea ax coanaAeBae 
(ck. 06 3TOi< eraTUO Benoro "O uejiecoo6pa3HocxH" — 1905 r. — aa c6. "ApaDecxa"). 
Koiuuiexc, o KOTopoK AaJiee roBopar Bejma, a XBJixeTCx nOAo6abm iteJiecoo6pa3Bj.oi 
(TejieojioravecxaK) bahhctbob. Hayxa, curracT BejitrB, AOJixaa nepefiTB ox aayveaaa 
npa^BHBMX (xonB^ecTaeaBux) OTBomeaBB 3jneueBTOB a accJieAoaaBBio bx nejiecoo6pa3- 
bob (KaiecxBeHBO-aojiHHecTBeHHOu), x. e. cbubojihwcicob (bjib "asTpoBocodicxoB") 
CBxaa — aay<mbix xounjiexcoB. 

573 



'"BejiMH ciHTaeT, ito "npeAMCTbi ■ cosaaaaa cyn. BHtmunyaxuahie xoKanexcbi 
(opiaaasaiaM, oSpaau); a ax oopaaaua cmmcji b buuhh ccti. Ban BOAJniBBbiB cktmcji; 
b paajioateaaa o6paaa no Dayrabw paaaa paccfctnae-rca o6paa b rpanainuo Bay<uu>ix 
bobxtbb; ■ nepaoro craicjia a aax hot; acnapaerca o6paaaMB cuucn (■ c hhu 
amaHeBHbia ckmcji <...) aayTOaa amaHa orpeaaeT ot cmmcjix" (Ochobm uoero 
mpoaoupcBii. C. 20 — 21). DoaroMy "noatie" ecTecTBeaavie aayxa, coaABBBbie Ha 
6aae aBTponocoipBB, 6yAyT aueTb a«uio ae c eAHHHi^aiui h ajieueHTaiui, a c "xoMiiJiexca- 
*■**, "opraBm30aaBHi.au CBCTeiuuiB'', "aHjiaaiiflyyitaMH". B "hoboh" (paaaxe noBJrrae 
cbuim, b xoropoa anasarca ©e "aaepreTBTOCxaa" (cubicJioBaa) ocaoaa, nepoaoeT b bobb- 
tbb BMnyjttC (anex, nocTHTHyTaa kbc CBJia). "Hobbb" HaxaawrBxa 6yner aayiaTb He 
aoo6me iHCJio, a "Aaaaoe ibcjio, xax b oe6e cauoM aaiutHyryio, saxosneaayio (parypajib- 
HO-HBAHBHAyaJibByio scejieHByio", Tax lax Bayrpa xaatAOro iHCJia aiceeTca "cbob 
lacjioaoa pan, o6ycjioBJicHHbia kojibicctbok nyHxxoB <parypn" (HcTopai gymi, C. 
671). B stub caaaa Bbjimb Beoobiiaaao bmcoko oneaaBaeT jieB6Han.eBCKoe orxpuTae 
AB(p<pep«HKBajibHoro ■c^acjieaaa:, Aaamero "soauoatHocrb acmm paccToaaae or nyaxTa 
no nyaxTa Ha 6ecjcoBeiHO uajibie oTpcaxa, BMeioncae 3Ba<uncocrb jimm. Meauy Axyua 
ayBarraHH' 1 (C. 672), ■ apa-nfojioraio, cosaaHHyio ero otbom (npauei. 93 bbct. tji.). 

>M B "3n6ji«KaTBKe cmmcjib" Bcju»ih Taxate ynouaaaeT Xapajiuta retptpAaara, 
KOTopua yxasuaaeT "hb cynnjCTBOBaaae noaBaaaa, ae coanaABioiKBX apyr c ApyroM bb 
b ooaoH nyaxTe", a aaBBcaicocTB ot toto, axeeic jib iu>i abjio c aayvaoa <popaoa 
(cTamecxoe noaaaaae) bjib c peJiarHoaabiiai CHMBOJiaua oepeacBBaaBH (Aaaaxaiecxoe 
noaaaaae), c ycjioaaMKa noaaraxKB aayxa bum c ycjiOBBUMB o6paaaiia oepeBtHBaaaa 
(C a u b o jj a a a. C. 37). 06 stoic cm., aanp.: rtifkfiduM X. CoBpeiieaaaji tpauiocotpax. M., 
1907. 

'"IHreHHep ■ crane Tew xai libicJiHTCJib a HccjieAOBaTejn." xapaxTepaayer 
cryneBB "ofrbxcaeaaa" icapa: 1) "ooHBTaw" a»«t aax bo3kobchocti> BbicxaaaTb o Baem- 
aeii aape to, tto bb noAAUTca Bocnpaunaio •(.-■)• Jlamt c noMom>io noaxTaa aaa 
anepuie craaoBBTca acao, <rro ui Ha6jnoaa«u <•••)• Taxau o6paaoM, jwm, b noBaTaa 
nap anepafcie o6peraeT cboc nojmoe coAepataaae <...). To, ito b lyBCTBeaaou uape 
pa3A«Jikao, oSieAaaaerca a BUCTynaeT a nonaTaa aaa «abboc nejioe"; 2) onur: "ecjia 
YyacraeaHO-peajibHoe cymecTao nonaaMaeTCJi nana a» Taxoro 6uraa, rae oao npe6bma- 
er nejiBXOM bbb noBBTBa a jiamh B csoax aaaeBeBaax nOA^aaaero arokty noeJieAaeicy 
aax aaxoay, to Taxoe cymecTBO m*i aaakiaaev aeopraaBniecKaM <...). B sroa ccpepe wi.i 
BKeeK abjio c (pOBoaeBaua a saxoaaHB, aoropue, ecjia obb BBJianTca aepBooSpasBkiMa, 
uoryr 6uTb aaaaaHu npajwaoiarHaum"; 3) aAea: "Ho vyBCTaeaaoe coiibctbo caao uoater 
yxaauBBTk aa He«rro, ero opeaocxoAamee (•■•)■ Ilpa sroa noaaTBBBO aocTaraeaoe 
npeACTaer xax HyaCTBeHBoe cahbctbo <-••)■> aoaaTae noBBJuerca as sae lyBCTBeaaoro 
KBOroo6paaaa, ho aayTpa aero — xax npaanau, ...He ■ co6ctbcbboh cbooh ipopue, ao 
xax tbd", npoTO-TBB, uerauopcpoaa bacb (aoea b asJieBHa) (Goethe ala Denker und 
Foracher // Einlei tungen. S. 258—301). 

'**B Oiepce reopaa noaaaaaa DlTeBBep paccuaTpaBaer "opraHBay" TeTe 
xax "Bucmyio ipopay aayxa o apspoAe. Jleatamee Bbime ee DpaaaAJiestBT x aayxaa 
o «yxe" (C. 81): "xax a opraaaxe scerAa aano mun> a aany BceoSmee, babm Tana, 
• aayxax o ayxe Beo6xoAHMO AepstaTbca anea jutibocth. JJ/bro ae a aaee, xax obb 
aaauwaeTCX bo Bceo6maocTB (b tbob), bo xax oaa npoBBJixeTca a otaud>hoi< cymecTae (b 
HBABaaAe)- Koaevao, Baacaa ae cjjyiaaaaa OTAeJitHaa Ta ana aaaa jihibocti., a im- 
aocTb Boofinas (C. 93). B aarponoco^cxax coiaaeaaxx mTeaaepa b aoAofiaoa xoaTexCTe 
noamnaeTCX Hacyc XpacTOc (xax hacbji coaepmeaaoB "jihhbocth" h o6pasen 6yAynniro 

574 



^yxoiejioaeaa). 06 onpeAeJieaaoif cxofldTBC 3tbx bach UlTeaHepa c npeACTaBJieaaHMB 
B. Cojiobmm 06 "■neajibHou leJioaeiecTBe", coTopoe oncer b aaay BejibiS (cm. npauei. 
46 k rji. 2). 

"'BeJibiH BCjieA 3a nireBHepon HBxepup«TapyeT ApeBBtoio repuerHiecKyjo bamo 
o coanaaCBBB najtpoaocna (npapoAbi) a luucpoaocua (lejiOBena). "Haea aeopraBBieCKoa 
aayKB, — mmn niTeaaep a 1 e p a e icopii uoiiihii, — noaarn, coaoayn- 
hocti, accx bbjicbbb «caic nejiocTayio cacreny Taa, iTo6bi km co3aaBaea auma b aast- 
AOK OTflBJitBOM bbjicbbb ysaasajia 3bcho Kocnoca (aflect: BpoTotpeaoiceH. — M. JI.). 
B opraBMiecKDB aayice, HanpoTBB, bacbjiou 6yaer BMe-n. nepeA co6oh> b Tane b b cpopnax 
ero BBjieBU a HanBOanoacnon coaepmeBCTBe to, ito km bbabh pasBBBaramanca b pane 
OTflenkBHX cymecTa" (saco.: "npoaajienae" Hflea "acBaaaiioro" luucpoaocua. — H. JI.) 
(C. 79). 

'"Cm.: P. UlTeBHep. "<fauioco<|uui cao&owti" (1894). B crane "Ochoiu voero 
Kapoioiipem" BeJibm onpeAeJiaeT sto nrreBHepoacKoe nOHaTae: "(Dajiococpaa 
ecTb cpauiococpaa cbo6oabob kmcjib; a nucjlb, ■aaraa b cpopne, h b cpopne yTBJnrrapBoa 
(AJia opBJiOBC«BjLa ■ orarry), Be eon, cao6oAaaa uucjib <...>; kmcjd. b aaKoaax, ajib 
Kaaroaa Kbicjib, — kucju> a oaoaax. <DnJioco<pBS: ecrb cpajiocotpaa cbo6oam; b tpa- 
Jiococpaa cbo6oo>i hi>i aayiaen canoe ao3HB*B0BeaBC b coaaaHBa anpKopBUX $opai 
Kaara (C. 18). 

'•* Ajdijosbb aa neTaepoBCKoe BMCKaabnuuuce: "EcTecrBOBefleHae Tere bobcc ne 
aayaca, a ooeofipaaagui o6jiacTb Meatfly acay ccraou, aayaoa a cpajiocotpaea" (P a 3 - 
uumjitim o reie. C. 97). 

"•IIpBMei. 41 a hi. 2. 

'"UlTeBaep a MeTBep roBopaT o Aayx pasabix noaariiax "atpapa". MeTsep aneeT 
b BBfly acpap (epen.: either — aepxane cjiob aoanyxa) aaa {paaBiecicyio ranoTeay, 
KOTOpaa rocnoACTBOBBJia b aayite bdjioti> ao noasjieaaa cnenaaju>HOB Teopaa othocb- 
tcjuboctb Ajn>6epTa 3aaiirTeBBa a corjiacao KOTOpoa "uapoaoa" hub "cbbtobob" acjpap 

— BcemponmcaKunaa cpeaa, Bbmojraaiomaa pojib nepeaocuuca caeTa a ajKcrponaraBT- 
Bux asaBKOAeacTBBB aooSine. UlTeBHep ace paccKaTpaaaeT 3(pap xax oabb aa aarpo- 
nococpcjcax "nyxoBBkix napca", t. e., b cynnjocTB, nepeocmcjiaeT Barypcpaulococpezoe 
BOHBuaaBe acpapa, BBeneanoe erne ApacTcrrejieu ajib o6ocBOBaHaa aeyHBHToauwocTB 
Bs6ec b aocnpaaaToe BaTypcpaJiococpcjcoa TpaAanaea uoJitm. «o Ten, mejunara ■ Teie- 
Jia, tab 3<pap — oabb as "uBpoafcix" (oaTOAorB^ecKBx) cy6cxaimBB, "ctbxbb"; orcioaa 

— TeocoipcKO-aBTpoaoco^cjcoe aoaarrae 3<papaoro, bjib craxaaHoro xejia, cpopua koto- 
poro — n KOJie6aHHa n caeTa, t. e. "Baaaiubie" oSpaau "(paHTa3aa", Bo-o6pa»teBBji a ero 
BaTyptpaJiococpCKO-iiHCTBiecKou cuticjie (npaiiei. 27 k rji. 3). 

1 " IIpocTpaHCTBO, c toikb apeHHa JQlTeBHepa, — 3to to, ito "o6ecaeiaBaeT Bosuoac- 
BOCTb nepexoAa ot oabob aemji k Apyroa, ecjn Benrj, caua no ce6e Be BaHuaa...", 3to 
eaoeo6 nocTBaceHiia uapa KaK eaBHCTaa: "onpeAeJieaatiB bstjiba Ha Benm, cnoco6, Kaaau 
Ham ayx caasbnaeT bx b cahbctbo. Kbbt paAaocaAuio aaSjiyacaancx, kotab nojiai&n, hto 
npocTpaacTBO ecri, totum, TOTAa «ax aa canon utile, oho ecTt dobhtiibbo oopeAejianaa 
■ ce6e cynvaocTL (...). IIpocTpaBCTBO ecrb BAea, ao ne coaepaajaae, aaa nonaran KaBx" 
(Goethe aU Denker und Forscker // Einlei tun gen. S. 258 — 301). Kaa ira bbahu, 
Meraep npaaaaaeT aaBTOBCKoe noaauaHae npoCTpaacTBa b c stbx do3bhbjb xpaTBayeT 
IQTenBepa. 

'" npanei. 21 aacr. rji. 

"*HaeeTC« b sony uienyiomee BbiCKasbnaaBe Tere: Tjiaa oSaaaa cbobh cymecr- 
BOBaaaeu caery. Ha 6e3pa3Jia«moro wBBOTaoro BCnouoraTeJibBoro opraaa caeT Bbiabisaer 

575 



AJia ce6a k acaaaa opraa, KOTopbm 6tui 6m euy noAo6ea, h Ta* o6paayeTca rnaa opn 
noMoma caera h nam CBera, ito6m cbot aayTpeBBBH men BaBCxpeTy cbctj- BaemaeMy" 
("Einleitung turn Entwurf einer Farbenlehre"). 
"'Ecjih 6bi rjiaa He 6mji coJiHnenOAo6uu.aj, 

oh HRKoraa ae cmot 6i>i yBBflen. cojiane; 

Be 6yai, b eac npacymea Bory cbjim, 

■tax moi-jio 6m BOCXBTBTb Hac SowecTBBBHoe? 

Ilep. A. B. Muxa&Mtaa 

Hflea n coJiHitenoAo6Ha n rjiaaa do caoeuy npoacxoiaAeBBio oieiu. Apeaaaa. Cm. 06 
stom: BaeuAO* C. if. Tjiaa ■ cojmne (O Caere, Cojiane m apeaBa). M., 1976. Cauo 
leTBepocTHmHe TeTe IQTeiuiep caamaaeT HeaocpeACTaeBHO c yiCHBev Beuenaoro kbcth- 
aa Hao6a Bene: "Meero, aa Kaiopoe ccbuiaexca aaeci. rere, aaxoABxca a aaare "Aapopa, 
auu yTpeHBaa sapa a aocxoxaeaaB"; oao rJiacHx: "I1o«o6ho xouy aaa rjiaa leJiOBeaa 
bbabt BUJiOTi. flo toto caerauia, OTxyaa oh HueeT csoe nopaoaaiajn»Hoe npoacxoatAeaae, 
tbjc a Ayma bhabt ao toio BouceCTaeaBoe cymecTBO, a aoxopoM oaa acaaeT' 1 (Goethes 
Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften. Bd. 3. S. 88). CoBpeueHfibie accJieAOBaxejia aoaaOAaT 
sth crpoaa a aaaie ILiOTBBa "0 npeapacaoM" (1-a "daaeaAa", aa. 6, rji. 9). Cm. 06 3tou: 
MuxaiUo* A. B. Hauaa ayjibrypbi. M., 1997. C. 644 — 6SS. 
-— " 6 B HcTopaa Ay ma B«ju.ih "pacnuKppoBbiBaeT" *ry ippaay: "JS,yx a aynia 

— "o6paa" can do ce6e, aae (paaaHecaoro aapaaca ec-rj. peajibBocxb a ce6e SoJiee xoaaoro 
aeoecaoro xejia: aroMy eme y»uui ^eaoapax, roBopa o caeroBMX TejiecaMX BAoJiax, 
aauieTaionDxx a nponecce 3peHaa aa rjiaa" (C. 69). Corjiacao yieaaio ^euoapaTa 
o apeHHH, ot Teji "acTeaaiOT" (oTAeJiaioica) ToaiaamBe oSojiohkb — o6paau (rpei.: 
eidola — baojih), ocTaBJixa a aoaAyxe cbob OTaeiaTaaBue H3o6paateBaa, aoxopbie 
c nouomuo Bcrpeiabix BCTe^eaaa aa "bjuubbob" ibcxb rasa, npoAaaraacb, nonaaaiOT 
aayrpb aamero rjiaaa, yueaunaacb no aaaoay nepeneaTBBM. 

'"Meraep noaauaex aocapaame aaa cyfrbeKxKBBoe lyacTaeBBoe oraymeBae aaem- 
aea AeacTBHTCJikBOCTH (aaecb: aaemaeB npHpoAu), ae aaMetaa, hto aju fflTeaaepa 
"BenocpeACTBeHBoe aocnpaaTBe", o aOTopoM B«eT pe-u. b abbbom aoaTeacTe, oanaiaex 
"lyBCTBeBBOe" omymeafle "iBCToi" AeiicTBBTejmiocxH, "iBCTOro onbixa", t. e., c ero 
tohkh speaaa, BByTpeHaea (BAeaaoa, ayxoBHofi) cymaoCTB aaemaeio Mapa b, cjieAoaa- 
xejibHO, caera. "peajibBOM" caere niTefinep munn: n 3jieueai AeHCTaarejiuaocTB, 
npeACToanndi aameuy rJiaay, eCTb onpeAejieHBbia naeToaoB axtaac, a Jmun> nyx MoaceT 
paaAejiHTb 3tot lyBCTBeHBbii (paKT Ba Aaa Ayxoaaaix aaiana: caer b Be-CBex" (Goethe 
als Denker und Foncher // Einleitungen. S. 258 — 301). 

'"HyMea (npaaBJibHO aoyuea or rpei. noumenon) — yuonocTHraeuaa cymBocn,, 
a OTJiaiae ot dwaoueaa, BOCTBraeuoro lyacTaaMa. Tepitas aaepaaie ynoxpeSjien IIjiaTO- 
hom (aaa oSieicx BBTejuieaxyajibHoro co3epiiaBaa), bmchho a axou ciuicjie nojiyiHji 
mapoaoe pacnpocxpaBeaae a d>aJiocod>aa a acTeTaae caMaojiaaMa. B yieBaa KaaTa, 
KOTopbiB OTpBaaex ao3MoacHocTii BBTeJuieKTyaJibBoro coaepKaaaa, BoyiceB — "bhui 
a ce6e", BeAocrynHaa noaaaBara (aaa a HAea). 

'"Peib bact o ntreaaepoBcaoM oobiuuhui bacb aaa "yMonocTm-aeaoro" "npHu- 
njina acmea". "To, -rro (pBJiococpbi aaaaoiaiOT aocomoTOM, — yTBep«aaeT UlTemiep, 

— BeiBMM Bbrraeu, ocbobob Mapa, a penaraa — Boron, Ubi aaabiaacM, bcxoa» bs 
aamero TeopeTBKO-noaBaaaTejibaoro pa36opa, BAeea {...). Haaaxaa apyraa ipopua 
Sanraa aac ae uoateT yflOBJieTBopaTb, apoMe BbiaeAeaaoa B3 mapu (••.)• Ho oaa uf 
xpe6yex Bbixona 3a npeaeJibi ce6a cauoa, OBa nojiaraer caoa ocaoBaHaa a ce6e cauou, 

576 



oSocaoauaaer cymaocTt b ce6e cuoi (■..). OaaaAeaai BAeea, hu nonaAaeu b aApo 
liapa. To, <rro iim 3a«ci. noCTBraeM, ccti. to, H3 <iero bco npoHCXOA«r. Mi>i craaoaBitca 
eAHHbi c 3THU npaBnanoii; BtceaBO noarobty amiae-rc* bu back, Ko-ropaa cyn> cauoe 

O&bCKTBBBOe, HO OAHOBpeUCBBO ■ CBUOC Cy&bCKTBBBOe <...). 3tOT BCBTp HOUR 6bITb 

TOJDjto cabbum (...>. Ilo3TOMy bab* bo acex icecTax aapa, BO BCSX COaHBHUX OflHa 

■ ra ace" (Yonder Kunst cur Wissenacnaft // Einlei t ungen. S. 162—164). 

'"Capuraa noJieaaxa c KaaTBancKmu onpeABJieHHeic BAea: "Hau cctb noaaTae 
paayiia o (popue BSKoroporo nenoro, nocKojiuy bm onpeAeJiacTca o&uy MBorooSpaaaoro 
h noJioxeaae lacrei oraocBTeJiuio «pyr Apya" (Kpiim i h c t o r o p a 3 y u a. C. 
486). Bejibia cmTaer, «rro KaaT, aaauaaa Boex> "noaaTBeic", cBjiaatacT paayu a pae- 
cyAOK. B crane "C»eTom ipmiqn Fete" oa aupaacaeTca acaee: "noBaTHe" 

— oxHocaao a paccyAay; "noHBTBe paayiia" ecrb nepeaeceaae paccyAOVBoa oSjibcth 
b pasya" (JI. 23). H tcm ae aeaee "BAea", corjiacao Bejioay, "paaytfaa". A nocaojuay 
paayu noaauaeTca an KoaapeTao, aaa "auuu»V mmmnnyyii — "caita no ce6e cboSoabo 
pacrymaa abicjib", a ae "6ecmiOAaaa cneayjiaiiBa" paccyAKa, to a «nea cyn> cymecTso, 
"acaaab mmcjib", a "npoaaneBae paayua b "cymecraax" eon. npoaajieaae b babxx: bacb 

— cymecTaa aamea hucjib" (ran ace). 

1,1 Odcbicjieaae noaaraa B Ayx" aaa KBneBBX, CTaHOBJienaa, xapaKrepaoe ana ae- 
MenxoB BaryptpajiouxpCKoa a duuiococpcaOB TpaAanaa (or flaofia Beue no inejuiaara, 
<J>HXTe, TereJU, b tom ibcjic una Tere a ULreaBepa), eapura npacyTCTByer b aeaeBKOii 
coaaaaaB Baaamajoao. HeMenaoe cjiobo "Geist" — ae BoacecTBeaaoe J^bixaHHc, aapoAB- 
Bum «B3Bb (cp. pyc: nyx., Ayma; poACTBeaaoe Mm.: deua — Bor a hbm.: Tier — aaepb, 
SBBaa Tsapb aooSme), bo aeaoe BHyTpesHee Kaneaae, aapoatAaioineeca b caaoa rjty6aae 
a CTpeaameeca npopaaTbca aapyaty ■ npoaaaTb cbom> "aHo=TejiecHocTb" (bhaocb- 
poneacxaa aopeab *g"heia auejj aaaveaae "raes, «poc-n>, yatac, paaApaaceaae, aoaSyacae- 
HBe"). Cjiobo "Geist/ /Geeat" co aaaveBaeii "Apoama, ocbaok, rynia, neHa; aa6poAumee 
6ypjiamee aapeao, "y6erajoin.ee" as cocy«a" acTpeueTca Aaate a paaaeHOBOHeiienxoii 
cause {Grimm J., Grimm W. Deutsche! Wdrterbuco. Leipzig, 1897. Bd. IV. Abt. I. Th. 2. 
S. 2623). 

'""CymecTByioinee, cymee" (ipa*.). Bejuia aueer a bia)' noaaMaaae "cyntero" 
y ApeBBerpeiecKoro d^aJK>cod>a IlapiteaBAa: eABBoro, aoaeiHoro, bbkcu ae nopoatAea- 
Horo, aepaapyniBKoro a oenoABaacaoro; aACCb: "cT«Bmee". 

""Bee TeveT" (eptn.) — aaaiieBBTbiB a(popaaa Apeaaerpeiecaoro ipajiocod^a 
repaKJurra; aAecb: "cTaBOBJieBae". 

im 3tot 3aaoB ctpopuyjlapoaaa 3. TeaKejieu m aaare "06maa Hoptpojiorea opraaa3- 
uom" (1866), »A« oa aa 6ase yieBaa H. ^apaaaa o npoBcxoacAeau bhaob, KOTopoe ob 
curraji npoAOJiaceaaeK Teopaa Jlauapaa a TeTe, coaAaer co6cTBeBayx> caCTeiiy CTpoeaaa 
atauubix opraaaaaoa (uoptpojioraio). 

"*B oCBOae 3BomouaoBHoa Teopaa ^apsaaa — npoCTeamaB opraaaau, paaiBBa- 
xtinaBca a BBAoaaMeaaioniBBCa boa BoaAeBCraaeif onpeAejieaHbnc ycjioaaa cpeflbi. "Cra- 
BOBJieBBe" ate, c toikb speaaa Tere, — aro aeTauopipoaa, aoTOpyw "atpenJiae-r" 
CAHBbia, (popuapyioniBB opraaaaa npaaKan. 

'"DlTeanep bucoko oaeaaBaeT aacjiyra Tckmcjim aa to, tto tot b ocBOaaaae wapa 
a WB.1HB KJiaABT opraHBiecBHB npaanan, bo npa 3>tou, upaafla, nOAiaaaeT ero uexaHH- 
mecaau aaKoaau (b Ayxe ^apaaaa), t. e. ae bbabt Ayxoaabix nepBoacroKOB auuoro. Cu., 
aaapauep, jieaqax) TeKKenb, aapoaue aaraAaa a Teococpaa'' or 5.10.1905, onySjuuco- 
BaaayH) a atypaajie "BecTaaa TeocotpBa" (CII6, 1908. JVs 11). 

'"OraAaa paaaBTaa aapoAbmia MBoroajieToiBbix acaaoTHbix, OTKpbixbie TeicKejieu. 

19 Aqopea Bftnua. PyflOjn.i}> QlTeiHep 577 



'"Ihvpaau — aj*eci»: npopoteeKBB flap (ot altera na<paa — acpBnbi-npopBnaTejib- 
aanbi ■ xpaice Anojuioaa ■ ^eJIb<pax). 

'"Albernheit (him.) — ncnenocrb, AypanecTBO. 

'"HaaaaBae Ayxoaaux (bmciubx) impoa a aarejioJioraa fflieBnepa, KOTopaa y Hero 
a&naeTca ae craabxo uctuo oBTOJiorBB, ckojiuco <mctmo Teopaa no3aaaaa; aHTpo- 
noeoo^caaa aareji (pyx) — sro npeatfle acero oco6aa "atHnaa' 1 ayxoaaaa cy6craHoaa, 
a yat saTeu oyxoaHoe cymecrao a xpacraaacKou CKucjie. IIosTOiiy "craBOaxmBaca" 
(Teayuui, aamanndi, ataaoa) nap paayaa nrreaHepoacKoa ipajioeo^caoa raoceojioniB 
(eynnrocn nejioaeaa — aflpo vapa) Bejnia gajiee cootbocbt c 6oJiee no.ijiHwnw aarpo- 
aouxpccaiia KareropaaKB noaaaaaa "Ayxoaaux Kapoa" — aranaiia paaaaTaui coaaaaBa 
(ayma paccyatAatomaa a np.), aocnpaaTaa (aaaraBanaa a np.), t. e. e aocxoatAeaaeu 
aarejikcaax aepapxaii. 

1,1 Kax noflo6ae (tpen.: komologos — cooTBCTCTBeBBbia, boaodbmb). 

""ftna Ten a bam aupaataerca saaoaoMepBOCTb aajieHaa npapoAU, npanaiomaa 
fleacTBBTejibaocTa cabbctbo, "conepacaTeJiuaocTb". JIflM KaaTa ate anea "nycTa", "cpop- 
Hajiuia n — enaBcrao, cosgaBaeuoe a sea, Be auTeaaer as o&i.eKTaaBoro onuTa, bo cyn, 
jnunb cy6%eKTBBBaa aopua, ynop*AO*aaaiomaa name aaaaae. DXreBBep aepao ourraeT, 
tto KaaT aaauaaeT aflea Be BOBCTpyKTaaiibniB npaBnanaBa, KOTopue axejia 6n 
onpeaonaioinee aaaieBBe «Ji« aenta, a jihhd> peryjiaraanhiw, aiieiontBUB aaicji a aaa- 
<uaae tojiuo aju CBCTeuaTBKa aamero aaaaai. 

'"Ccbuiaacb aa "Kparaay cbocooboctb cymiymau n Kasrra (§ 59), Meraep niuneT: 
"CaataajianeeKaa npeacraajiBeMOCTb ecu, no Kaary, bba BHtyBHBB (flpyroa bba BBry- 
biibb — npeflCTaaJiaeKocTb cxeMamecaaa). Tajcau o6paaon, a cbbbojibjmb aoace ae 
npeofijiaflaeT to AyxooBoe cocToaaae ■ aeacTaae, aoTopoe Teocotpaa aaauaaeT Btiarana- 
Qaea; a bobjibbbom caiuojiaaue HaJiaqo BBTyBBBa, t. e. raaoe cocroaBae, aoropoe, 
oonpocTy roaopa, acnuTuaaeinb tow, aorfla cuoTpmm. a BBftmm., npaTOU c aeoc- 
nopxuoa noKasaTejibHOio acnocruo, to, a «a coanaAaemb c BpapoAoa ana c nyxoa: 
cBKaojnuapyeifaa a«e« bbabbo b ecm. Taaoa racjieBBMB o6paa, roropbiB coanajica h» 
oCBoaaaaa raro, tto ooinero y tejiqaeaa c npapoAoii, rae obb cpoAaa lceatAy co6om" 
(Ptiaunjiiiii o r«re, C. 499). B abhbou aoareacTe cbiuoji, na ero noaaifaer 
Meraep, ae aajiaerca peaJibBo-BAeajibabiif o6pa3oaaHBeu (aaeea a aajieaBB) — corjiacao 
TOJKoaaaBio TeTe a Bejioro, — 6ojiee roro, ero Bfleajibaocrb ae coaepqaeaa, bo 
opeACTaBJiaeua (no aaajioraa), t. e. TpaaryeTca a flyxe Kaara. Paeee a "3i«6jieMaTHite 
caucjia" Bejn>ia oraejiBJi caoe noBaiiaBBe cauaojia or aaBToacaoro. Cbiuoji Kasra aaa 
"npeAOTaaneaae no aBajioraH" ecrfc "ajineropBa". Cbmboji EeJioro aaa "uoaorpaiata 
HBCxoro aoo6p«»enBa" ecri> "aHSjieaa" (t. e. hcthhbi>[b chuboji). IIo9TOi(y, AyaaeTca, 
Benui npaa, aorfla aajiee yTBepacAaer, tto Meraep, aoauoHiso, ae aaonae noHauaer 
cynaiocTb cauaojiBieCKoro a pyccaoii cBHaojuuiie, xotb aa cjioaax b corjiamaeTca 
c aaa. 

1,4 B aucaaabDMBBB renuirojiuta: "OmymeDHa opraaoa lyacTa cyn> an% aac, 
ecrecTaeBBBBOB, cbmbojiu npeAKeioa BBemaero aapa b OTBeiaioT an npa6jiB3BTejibao 
raa me, aaa nacMteBa a opoBiaocaubie 6yKra aemau, KOTopaie bub o6oaBa<iaioTca r ' 
— Meraep bbabt npoAOJiaceBBe "caicaoJiBiecKoro BayxoyteBBa" TeTe (P a 3 uti niji e - 
aaa o r«T«. C. 502). H xotb nOAo6aoe noBBxaBae reTeaCKoa aayia aanserct 
BeaOTopMH ynpomeBaeu a ipopuaJiBaaiBiea ero caicaojiBaiia, Beflbia Taitate ae anojiae 
■oppeKTBO onyeaaeT spa aajioateBBa ubicJia rejiuurojibna cjiobo "onrymeBaa' 1 , -cot 
caiibnc orpy6jiaa a acicaacaa ee ciuicji. 

'" Haeerca a aBAy coopaaa ctbtch Bejioao "Cbmboj]h3m". M., 1910. 

578 



"* PouairrH^ecKHH cbmboji MBCTaiecaoa Taaau iispa h ero nSBTpa, a KOTopou 

■ eflBByio nejlocTBOCTb cjnuaioTCB jno6ou, noaTBiecaoe TBopHCcrao, nosaaBae npapoati 

■ nocTHxeaae Bora, BbiaeACBBMB • poicaae HoaajiBCa TeHpHX epos OcpTepABBrea'' 
(1801). 

1,7 B noJieioraecKOM crpeMJiCBBB otacjibti> TeTe or nLreaaepa ■ caaaaT* 
ero e Kaaniw Meraep yraepacaaer, vro noame CHiuojiavecKoro anepsue BoaajixeTca 
y rem a eaxaa c Beceaaua niajijiepa a B3yieBBei< "KpaTaaa coocoSaoCTa 
cyataemu" Kaarra, xotm yaee npa nepaoa BCTpeie c IIlBJiJiepoK (cm. craTuo 
r«Te "CwcTJraaoe co&rrae") oh aapacoaaJi "caataojiaiecKoe pacTeBae", a aaBTaaaen. 
niauuiep can OTMeraui a noaaiMBBB cauaoJia aaa "bbabkob bacb" rJiaaBMa 
ayaax pacxoatACBBa KeatAy eoSoa a Tere. Ilosate a Otieie Bejioiiy Meraep 
noffTaepAar eme pas aaBTaaaCKoe noBBMasBe cbuboju y Tare — "TeopCTBiecKa 
ocaoaoaojioaceaBoro npa nocpeACTBe niajijiepa aa apaTBiiBaaie KasTa" (JI. 322) 
a "xpoHOJiomecaoe coananeBae osoB*axejnaOB Ayajnuanaa a coapeaajwe bacb 
cbmbojm a rere" (JI. 321). 

•» Cp.: "H caer atapy" (Ha. 8:12). 

"*B aarponoco^aa CaiypH, Cojibbc a Jlyna caKaojiaaBpyioT xc <popiu>i paaaaraa, 
*epes aoropue nponuia 3eiuia: "aa CaTypae <paaBiecaoe tcjio lejioaeiecKoro cymecTaa 
buns TennoauM tbjiom; aa Comae aacrynajio yaJioTaeaae go coctobbbb raja aun 
"aoaAyxa"; nyaaoe coctoshbc "uoateT 6i>m, oSoaajneao icajc "boab" — "ae aama 
BMaennua aoAa, a acaxaa acaAcaa tpopiia 6trraa" (boao6bo roicy aaa **TcnjioTa" a stoii 
cnucJie cooraocaTca c "onm", a "aoaflyx" co "caenm". — U. JI.). H uocKOJiwy renepb, 
curraer nbeaaep, Ayma CTpoaT caoe tcjio aa wnupex ctbxbb: oraeaoa ((paaaiecKoe 
tcjio), aoanyniBOB (aipapaoe, ana acaaBeaBoe tcjio), boabob (acTpajibBoe tcjio) a TaepAoa 
"scmbob" ("H"), to bx kobibo BocupHHOTb b aayTpB ce6a, bo kbk caepx^ryBeTBCBBbie 

COCTOBBB*. 

1M Ocbobu TaaBoaeaCHBa, aaa mTeaaep aaabmaer caoio "Ayxoaayio Hay«y", kijio- 
aceafci a KHBre "CeheimwUaenschaft in Umrisi" (1910), pyc. nep.: Oiepic TaBBOaeACBaa. 
M.: ^yxoaaoe aaaaae, 1916. 

141 yuoa H. 3aojixmBa (paaaiecKax aaya ■ ee bacbboc anaHeaae // Pyccaaa lcucJib. 
1914. J* 2. C. 27. 

u, D>r. as oaw "Bor" (1780—1784). 

141 Penb bact o npaaocjiaaaou aoABBBCBBBC Cepa<pBue Capoacaou, oahou aa caicbix 
no<arraeMbix cbbtmx a Pyccaoa IIpaaocjiaaBoa I^epxaB. 

'"TeTe aa<iaji cbob onurai bo xpoiiaTaae a 1790 r. a a 1791 r. atinycTuji nepayio 
crarkio n Coo6meaaa bo oBTaxe" ("Beitrage cur Op tilt"). 

'** HeTOHBOCTi, Bejioro: a 1806 r. abnueji ae nepsbia tom yieBBa o naere, bo ero 

OTDMBBB, ■ YaCTBOCTB OOCJleABBB (iHeCTOa) OTAOJI I naCTB: "HyBCTBCBBO-BpaBCTBCBBOe 

aoaACBCTBBe naera". 06a tomb ocaoaaoro TpyAa rere no xpouaTHKc "Ha6poco( y^esa* 
o m»«Te" ("Envmrf einer Farbenlehre") noaaajiaci. OAaoapeiieBBO a 1910 r. 

>M Peib bqct o BoaoaaaeTBOM suaaoAC, rAC paccaaabiaaeTca o IIpeoSpaaceBBB 
Hacyca Xpacra, KOropbiB npaaaaji caoax yneBBaoa aa ropy b upeAcraJi aspen bbmb 
• caoex BoacecneBBOu oojmxe, osapeHHbiB Cbctou (aanpaKcp, M(p:17:l); aoaBBKmee 
BOOCJieACTaBB nepaoBBoe npcAaBBe caaaajio saaaanBC ropn c aeTXoaaaeTHOB ropoa 
$aaop. B XIV a. aa AcpoHC a cpeAe rpeiecitax uoaaxoa aoaBBKjio ABBaceaae acaxacroa 
(*p*t.: npe6aaaionrBe a oeaxojiaBa) — rparopaa Cbbbbt, rparopBB Ilajiaua, HaKOJiaa 
Kaauaeajia, oaTpaapx $BJio<peB a n p., Koropue y^ana o noaaaBBB Bora aa« "aaep- 
na", caaauaaa ee c 4ftaaopcKBM Cbotoij. IIpoaoAa caoio atB3Bb a acKCTaaue, nenpecTaH- 

19* 579 



bob if ojisrae ■ "fteaMOjiBaa" lyaCTB a uoicmcjiob, obb aoctbtbjib ubctbisckoo coaepnaaaa 
Cbsts (<I>aiiopcKoro CaeTa); aepoaTHO, a Aannou BOBTeKcre Bonus bucot b BBfly auesao 
stot <paavr. 

"' Cp.: "Ona-ri. roaopaji Hacyc it napody a caaaaji bm: "H caw uapy; kto nocjieayeT 
aa Mboio, tot Be 6yner xoabtb bo tuio, bo 6yAeT BiuiTb cbct bcbsbb" (Hb: 8:12). 

"' Pluralia (Man.) — ltBoacecTaa. 

u *Univer«alia (Man.) — Bceo6m.ee. 

"•Ante rem, in re, post rem (Man.) — ao semea, b Kim, nocjie aemea. 

'" yieaae o KonxpeTBOM mobbiuc (nJixtpo-Ayo-Moaaaic = KOBBpeTBUB cbubojibsh 
«= rereBCKaa "aAea a jaMieaaa'*), Bej&rii pacxpusaeT aaocj, b Tepuaaax cpeABeaexoaoa 
cxonacTBKB, oraocxmaxca k npo&neice "yaaBepcajma" (poaob ■ bbaos), nocTaaneaBOB eme 
b III Bexe KOMMeHTBTopoii ApaCTOTena IIop<pBpBeu; ee cyrb ■ ofimeu bba« caoABJiacfc 
x Bonpocy o cooTBomeaaB "BceoSmero" (aoMaaajiuioro) a KoaxpeTBoro (peajiuHm "Benta"); 
orciOAa — noamjiaromBOca b a«bhom xoarexcTe TepuaBM: "aceo6mee ao acmea", n Bceo6niee 
b aetnax", "aceo6m.ee aocjie acmea". BEciopn a y m a BenuJi Basuaaer ary "TpaaAy" 
"Tpeaia JiomeCKBKB paapaAaMa" "HeTa<pB3B'«ecKOB peanufocra*', "rpeiui jioranecBBjcB 
MOAyeaaiB" (C. 299). 3ra "Mgera^ntavvBCsaa pea jifcao cTfc" paccxaTpaBaercx tbu ace xaa 
"ncanco$aaB'WCKoe eaaBcrao" — "yaxe ae uobba*, oaa ecn> AaaAa" nx bohto Aaaaoe 
b "ncaxo-" a b "(pBaaoJiorBHecjcou" bbab, b oaa ate uoaaAa Kan neaoe abbou: uoaaaa auea, 
paaaa TpaaAe" (C. 756). B abbbom xoBTexcre Taxau "acaxotpaamecxaii eABBCTBou" ("H" 
uapa) amnaeTca Cbct, KOTopua OABOBpeueaao cyr* Qaaopcxna Cbbt (npaueq. 146) a Hacyc 
Xpaeroc (npauei. 147). TaBBK o6paaoa, BRea xoaxpeTBOro aumaaiia AOBaauaaeT, coMiacao 
Benoiiy, BoatecTBeaao-BHABBBAyaJmyio ocnoay uapa ("H — Cbot"). 

'" Pojifc caera b ncBXtxpaaaojioraB a acrerane pacciiaTpBaaerca a 6-n otacjic 1-fi 
nacTB "yiesaa o nacre" ("HyBCTaeBBO-npaBCTBeBBoe BoaAeaCTBae naeTa"). 

"'Oabo as BaBueaoaaBBa 6ora Hxae b Berxou 3aaeTe (ot o6m,eceuxTCKOTO Bopaa 
"»ji" — "ayx, 6or"). 

IU B aaaiceBBTOit conere "raacaue" (1871) ApTXip Peu6o cootbocbt BasBaaaa 6yxa 
c onpeAejieBHua: nasiou: "A — lepBua, 6ejikia — E, H — xpacBMB, y — aeneaMB, 
— cbbbb..." b t. a. (PumSo A. Ctbxb. M., 1982. C. 85), npaieu ao aacToamero Bpeaesa 
AeJiaiOTca nontrnta BBrepnpeTBpoBan craxoTaopeaae ae tojuko bbk "cooTBeTcraaa" 
b "aHajioraa" (b Ayxe sanaABOeaponeacKoro CBiuojiaaaa), ao a sax ibcto cy6«eKTBBaoe 
BBTopcKoe BocnpaBTae. B 1904 r. 3. To6ep npoACTaaaui mapoao BaaecTBoe, Bepojrroo 
a Benoay, BCTOJUcoaaaBe aroro coaera nan cjiyiaBBoe Arrcaoe aocnoMBHaaae Pea6o 
o GyKaape, rA« 6yKBi,i 6i>ijib HaneiaTaati cooTBeTCTByiomBU naeroai. 

'"Bepoxrao, HMocrca a BBAy oahb B3 pa6oT aaaecTHoro aa pySeate nponuioro 
a HSiaemHero ctojictbb asCTpaacKoro oraaTpa HocB<J>a Tpy6epa. 

'"IlajibueTTa (tjip.: palmette — yapameaae b bha« najiufOBoro xncTa) — opaaMeB- 
TBJikBua Honu: CTBJiaaoaaBHfciB aeepooSpaaBUB jibct. 

'" Haaaaaaa apxaTerrypBux opAcpos: Boaa<iecKBa opAep (aAeci>: "aojioBHa") ycpamcB 
B aepXHea lacra aaBBTBoa bjib cnapajitio; botmbb^cbbb — nacTuafa uaaTa a aaaBTKaua. 

'" B "Oiepce TaBHOBeAeBBa" niTeaaep uimeT, ito "b TyacTaeBBOM ouicJie "3<pap- 
aoe rejio" (aAeci,: "cTaxaaaoe Tejio". — H. JI.) mnxtgj, ae aajiaeTca icm-to Tejiecatui". 
Oao eyTt "BoanJiecc coctobbbb", b aeoCxoAaao, ito6h (paaaiecicouy TBJiy (aoiauieKcy 
uasepajibBbix aemecra a can) npaAaaaTt oopeAeJieBayio (popuy ana o6paa ao apeiu 
«BaBB n (Oiepa TiisoientiK. C. 39 — 40). 

"* DlTeaaep aauaiaeT aypoa n BBABiiue A-"« "AyxoBHoro apcHBa" paajmiabie naeTa, 
BOTop&ie BaJiyvajOTca BOitpyr 4>B3BHecKoro le^oaeKa a oicpyataior ero boaoSho o6jiaay"; 

580 



Acrpm* 



aypa "npaaaAJieacBT ■ lejiOBeiecvoB cymnocTB Tan ace, kbk a tpaaaiecicoe tcjio", h cyn. 
npojiBJienBC "xmu" atpapHoro (ctbxhhhom>) T<uia. Cm. 06 arou: nheBHep P. <cejioae- 
lecKoi aype. 

"•I^uraTa aa Apaw-xacTepHB BlTeaaepa "Bpara nocBameaBa" (1910): 

H BOCOpHIUTb xo«y 

Cbst apurit 6brrHX 
Ha aaJiefi rapa, 
Xony BDMTaTi a ce6a 
3ay^amyx> aojiay 
Ha cipep 9<papa, 
Hto6h noiiovb Te6e, 
Jliodauaa cecxpa. 
H cujiery 

JlyXHCTMH CBCT 

C nuicameica tlkob 

H yonoraoo 

H bojihm aayaa. 

IlyCTL BOJIHM 

3syxa CBerar, 
3ayHaT nycri. * 

Bojmi.1 caera, 
Hto6 tm noma nanpaaim>, 
Cocrpa icoa, JiyiB oynai. 
Jlyaa: Corpetk uaTepmo nyma 

JJaTi OJIOTBOCTfc SH3HeHIIOUy TCJiy 

H nouory oxorao, 
IlycKafi crycTBica tbjio. 
C^yun nycTii onrymaer 
Cboh rJiySmibi — 
Xoiy a Aatb Boauoamocri 
Cecrpe Koefi jih>6bmoS, 
J^aTb raepnocTb aaaaui 
Hmymei ayme. 

J7ep. B. ^Hucujtoaa 

1,1 B xpoicanace Tere 6apx>aa a nypnyp njinOTCi "nojiojurrejivai.nai'' orreHKaiui 
caaero a icpacaoro qaeroa. Rapwaa (y r«Te: Meergriin — "uopcaaa Jiaaypb") "npBUemHBaer" 
X oaaeMy Barry bchto noJioacaTejiuioe (Plus), aen>> can no cefo coon aaer aaa nponjiemie 
luoi "ctobt Ha OTpanaTejiuaon propose, ■ a caoea sejiHiaibnea hbctoto npeACTOBJiaer 
eo6oio aaa 6m ajuutymm bbito" (G o e th e s "W e r k e. Bd. 12, § 785: S. 345; § 779: S. 344). 
nypnype TeTe namcr: "Hyjano npeacTaaaTfc ce6e auojine iHcn.ii Kpacaua bbct, 
oOBepmeBHbn, uicymenHbia aa SejioM (pap<popoBOii 6jnoneHKe Kapauan. Mm ae pas 
aMiniia stot nam-, Bcnenciaae ero bmcokoto flOcromjCTaa, nypnypoic, xot* km a aaaea, "rro 
nypnyp Apeaaax 6ojiune canoaaeTca a cropoay caaero" (§ 792: S. 346); "nor naer, hbctuo 
•myanuia, ibctuo noTemntajiuio, conepatax b ce6e bcb ocrajii.Bi.ie nBCTa" (§ 793). Taaaa 
ofpaaou, caaaa a Kpacaua DBeTa uojkbo npoTnonocTaafrn, kbk "bbtto" a nejiocraoe "ace", 
■ 6api03a (jiaaypi.) a nypnyp — naera, nrpaioraHe Baacayio pojn. b noaTHiecicoa CHcreue 
Baooro, — BhipaacaiOT ax naa6ojiee noJioaunvJiuiMe, 6jiaropoflHbie orreHKB. 



581 



"*Cii. npn<m. 3 a Bcrya. cjioay aarropa. 

'"OiepK reopaa aoaaaaaa reTeaeaoro iiapoBoaapeiau. 

•<4] 

■«»i 



'HaeeTca » aaay rjiaaa Ten* ■ (paSHaa". 

1 B cauaojunecaoa KoaneaitaB 6cjii>tiibckoto npaxarypra Mopaca MeTepjnraaa 
noaceAaeaaaa acaaafc ocuMCJiajiack aaa cuaTeaBoe b MOJFMUiaaoe oataaanae aeBeaouoa 
KaTacTpoipfci, He nooaaioineaca panBoaajuaouy o&McaeHaio, — orcroaa npeo6jiaaaBne 
a ero aafciae BeaocaaaaHBOCTB, aaMeaoa, a ■ ApauaTBiecKoii aobctbbii — craTBUocra. 
Ero nucu "Cjienwe" (1890), "Henpomeaaa" (1890), "Tan, BayTpB" (1894) ■ apyrae 
OTterjmao ajupaatajni aeaaaeBTCBBe aacrpoeHaa aoana UBByamero aeaa ■ 6ujw nony- 
napau a Eapone, • ton ibcjk ■ a Pocchb. Ho noaooy Aaaaoro aoareacra Meraep 
■ Onete BeJioicy BanBmeT: "JJaaocTk" aroa acconaainui aacJiymaaaeT oaTOJion- 
necaoro BCCJieAoaaaBa" (JI. 6). 

1M 3«nppBA (oTsaacHua loaua aopoju "crpaaM HaBojiyBroa") ■ Mane (aap- 
jnuc-aaoanyBr — ypoAJnubm, cpaaeicacmB a TpycJiaBua) — npoa oaepaofi tbt- 
pajioraa PaxapA* Baraepa "Koxuio Ha6eJiyBra n (nepaoe npeacTaaJieHae cocToanoci, 
• 1876 r.), co3AaaBoa aa ocaoae caaaABHaacicoro anoca "3flAa" (VIII — DC aa.) a cptAae- 
aeKOBoa "Ilecaa o HafienyBrax" (Xm a.). 06paau Baraepa dobbjudotcb JA«ck (■ Aajiee) 
ae cjiyiaaao, no aaa ajunoaaa, noaxrabte a xyjikTypaoa cpeAe cbwbojibctob. Meraep, 
can uyauaaJikaua apBTBX a SpaT aaaecTaoro xyabucaaTa Havana* Meraepa, 6yayi« 
aeooMvaaao yaJieieBBkiu Myauxoa Baraepa, orapuJi a caoea atypaaae TpyAM a abb", 
a KOTopoH Tajcme coTpyaBBiaji Benaifi, otabji "BaraepBaBa", r«e a can ae pas nyojiaao- 
aaa ayjivrypaooiaipoJlorBHecKBe pas6opu a aaajiaau xaopnecTaa Baiaepa. 

"' Ajunoaaa aa Baaaaaae aaaecrBoio cSopaaaa craxoTBopeHaa (ppaaKyscaoro caa- 
Bojmcra Ilojia Bepjieaa "Povaacki 6ea cnoa" (1874). 



niABA METBEPTAfl. METOflOJlOrMH PyflOJlbOA UJTE&HEPA 

1 HiceiOTca a aaay MBorovBCJieBaue aarepapeTanaa (pajioccxpaa Kaara aa py6eace 
XK— XX aa. 

*Cp.: "...tojd>ko • paarpaaBieaaa o6oax uapoa (sAecb: BByTpeaBero b aaemaero. 
— H. JI.], TOJibKO a pennrrajaBOM AyajnuMe — eABHCTBSBBoe a aepaoe cnaceaae ot 
HOBBCTBHecKoii, UBCTBiecKoi, TeocmpaiccKoa a acaaoB aaoa nyTaaan>i. Ho nycn 3to 
AencBHe aa Bayrpa a bb« ecn> (...) ae tto aaoe, aaa erporaa mracpBaatecaas 
anneiopaa, cooTBeTcrayiomaa do aaamiocTB xyAoatecTBeaaoB CBuaojnuce; sto ae Mann- 
er nJiOAoraopHOCTB b BMcmBB nojieaBocTB oaaa*eaBoro Ayajnuva <.••)■ Matpmecca 
itoaaui npoAOJiacaeT aoaJieTk. B BocnpautTBa a a OTo6paaceBaa, npa ataaaa a AeaeTBoaa- 
bbb aa samea icmhob rope acrynaeT a caoa cyaepenaBie npaaa Ayajmsu" (P a a u u m • 
jkiii o Tere. C. 85 — 86). 

'IIpo6jiei<a au6opa aoaacmecKoro a AyaJiacTavecKoro MBpoaoaapeBaa caaauaa- 
nacfc a sry anoxy c nojieuBKoa uevay uaTepaajiaaaOM, cbubojiou aoroporo 6bUi 
reKKejiBBBCKBa HOHBia, a BAeajiaaaoii — apeatAe acero c nonyjiapaoB TpaacneBAeH- 
rajikBoa (t. e. Ayajiacra^ecKoa) (pBJiocotpBen KaaTa. Hanpauep, noAofiaaa aoaanBa 
xapaKrepaa AJia aeoaaBTBaBcaoro xypaajia "Jloroc", aaAaaaeKoro a "MycareTe", 
a HacTBOCTB cm. cranio PaxapAa Kpoaepa "K apBTBae 4>aJioco<pcKoro ummaua," 
(Jloroc. 1913. Jft 3 — 1. C. 47 — 72), «« aarop ddut: "B tom Aaaatewaa, aoTopoe 
a BacTOamee apeiu pacnpoerpaBBJioei, noa Biieaeu uoHaaua b ofipaaoaano aanyraBBoe 
eAaacrao TeHAeanaa, corJiacaux Meawy coStfm mum. aa dohbc 6opi>6u nporaa nojioaca- 

582 



TOJifcHux pejiHTU, KpoioTca BHyTpeHBHe crpeuneaaM raunjieHKB (...). CoBpeueoaaa, 
paomenjieHBaa a ce6e Ayma TOcayeT no eoHHCTay, me OHa MOMia 6bi ycnoaoHTb apaatAy 
npoTHBonojioauaocTeH, TOcayeT no KOHe<moii nejra MbmijieBBS b AearejibnocTH (...); 
UOBH3U Tenepb npaierca "■ oAeatay ecrecTBeHBO-BayiBOH umcjih", crpoHTca "hi ocnoae 
nonyjiapBbix 6jiaroaapa ^apaany Mbicjiei o SaoJiorniecicoii paaaHTHH hjih aa ocnoae 
yieflH* o coxpaBeHBB sHeprHH" (C. 47). 

*0 imimim— uonaaiia a tpHJiococJiHH nTreHnepa cm. npnues. 86 k tji. 3. B Ot- 
itte BeJiOMy Meraep naaiuiBaeT "mohh3m" (t. e., c toikh 3peniia Meraepa, uaTepa- 
ajiaviu) IQTeHHepa "aauacKHpoBaBBbUf": "...BbiropoAJra mreHHepa, era aauacanpoaaB- 
hmx uaTepaajmau npocTO ueaoauoKno (...). Kaa 6yATO IHteBBep... He 6*ui yfiesAea, 
■rro eicy-TO, aoaeiBO, yflacrca (ecnn yate He yAaJiocb) nan, mobhsm, raoceojiorHHecKH 
SeaynpeiBUH, HaAeJUionrHB ero npaaou BMpa6oTKH nyxoaaoro ajieiMHTa Ha uaTepBajn.- 
noro" (JI. 17 — 18). TaxHU oopaaoic, a flannoii aoBTeacre Bcjimh aannaqaeT "AyxoBHMH" 
HOBB3U IQTeHHepa, Meraep we ooBBHier ero b "uaTepHajiHCTHHecaou" KOHHsue. 

* n ^oCTaTO<iHO c acHOH iojiobob, ne sauyTaennoB KOHHCTHiecKHii, Teoco<pHiecKHM 

H KHCTHTOCKHM COpolI, HpHCTyuHTlb K 03HBKObtJieHHJO C runna ni.m.m» B3rJiaA8I(H TeTC B8 

npapony (...), opHcoenHBHTb ao aceuy anuiy eme 3Haaoi<CTao c ochobhuuh Ubicjiaxa 
"KpHTHKH cnocoSnocTB cyatuenHa", <rro6u (...) npHHTH upH6jiB3HTeJU.HO a oahhh h Ten 
ms umoAau oTHOCHTejOHO HeAopaayueHHa iceacay QlTeHBepou, c oahoh cropoHbi, 
h TeTe, Kbhtoh, IILajiJiepoM, <pH3axoB h, Haaonerj,, CHbaojiaauou — c flpyroH" (P a a - 
Kumjieiii o r«re. C. 44— 45). 

*Cp.: "...6ea 3toh npHBHBKH (KpHTHitH3Ka. — H. JI.) taty npewAe acero rpoaHJia 
onacHOCTk (...) 6e3peayjrbTaTH0 noTepa-rj. H ce6», (...) nepecTaa 6brrb xyAOauuutoBt 
■CHOro Boraero abk, yTeuiBTeJieif h yurrcJieH huisbh"; Tere h oea KanTa, h 5ea 
aaBTHanija JUauiJiepa oopaayiuuicH 6bi (...), ho ace we ara onacnocTb rposHJia, h ee 
lyacrayeT bcxxhh, kto (...) cjicahji aa HSaauiaHauH ero iuicjih" (Paa Hbimji eaa a 
o Tere. C. 48— 49). 

' "KaHT HMter raoceojiorBiecKoe h jiorHtecaoe npaaoicoHBe icexaHHaua h TeJieojio- 
naua, OTHiOAb He (paxraiecitoe h peanuaoe ocnoaanHe hx, noveiiy oHTOJiorHiecKJuS 
aonpoc o "ayxoBUbix anepnux" hjih tcu 6ojiee 06 "oKayjifcTHux CHJiax" ctoht bhc 
TpaacneHaeBTajibHOB (pajioco<pBH (P a 3 u u m ji e h h a o r«ie. C. 58). 

' "MoBHCTbi ■ Teococpbi HHKorAa ne noHHyr Toro, hto nacToanrHH, nocjieAOaaTejibHbiB, 
acno h ao aoHQa npoBeAesHbiB HexaHHKHau CBHAerejibCTayeT ctoju. xe o HeBaBBcrnou 
AyaJlB3ue, caojib b o aoacAeJieHHOii HAeajiHaue..." (FasaLimJieaai o TeTe. C. 72). 

' "He B8A0 6brrb HenpeiieHBO caxouy ecTecTBOHcnbiTaTejieu, iTo6bi bcjih h He 
eauocToaTCJibno, to «tepea KanTa paa naacerAa noHaTb, b leu coctoht aanaia naya 
npapoAe. A pa3 hohib, neBoauosHO npanHHUHaJibBO (a AonycTHiio tojuko no KOHKpeT- 
■Oiry noaoAy) nanaAaTb na uexanaaiH3u hjih Ha unoe Kaaoe-jiaSo a6cTpaaTHoe Baiajio 

■ Hayae o npnpoAe. DlTeHHep c yKopHaHeanoa mhhoh roBopar 06 sthx "aocTpaKTHbix 
lrp■H^Hnax' , h npOTHBonocTaaJiaer hx rereBCKOiiy "HaBjiiOAeHBJO xapaKTepHCTH^ecKoro 
BMfla" xax nyrb BCBepabia — nyTH HCTHanoiry; a ueacAy Ten o6a nyra HCTHHHbi 
•nacnrenfcHO, h aaatAbiH hs hhx no-CBoeuy npaBBJiea h nJiOAOTaopeH n (P a 3 m bi nui e • 

■ ■a o Tere.C. 73). 

" Bosapamaacb b t a e t e Benoay x "apHTBHecKoiiy AyajiH3uy ,< TeTe, Meraep 
tmtmr nOA'TepKHaaeT, hto oh npewfle acero HJieeT a aHAy n apo»AeBHOe KaBTHaBCTBo" 
rare, yapenJieBBoe "aaBTBaaCTBou ejiaronpHoSpeTeBBbiM", xotx h oroBapnaaeTca, ito 

■ "PaaiibimjieHHax o reTe" cjiobo "KpHTHiuiaii" noHBiiaeTca He Tojibao b cMbicjie 
UBecTHoro BCTopHieCKH-onpeAeJieHnoro Banpaajienaa iuicjih, CBaaanBoro c niieaaiui 

583 



KaHTa h ero nocjien,oaaTejieB" (JI. 175 — 176). Ha py6eate npomnoro n Biisamero ctojibtbh 
cjiobo "KpmmiK" He HUejio hotko mpaaceaHoro TepiumojiorBiecxoro ciu-icjib. IIockojii.- 
Ky "KpaTHXa" KaHTa nepeopHeHTBposajiB nocjieAyjonryjo <pHjioco<pBK> aa aayienae 
cneiwpBKB ■ bosuohchocth noaaaaBa, to JiK>6a* coapeueHHaa Teopax noaHanaa, bcxoab- 
maa H3 uncjiH o tom, ito (popiia Bamero aHanaa ecri nponyxT coSctbcbbob nosHaaaTejib- 
ooS bktbbhocth, MorJia 6uti> Haaaaaa ■ onpeaejieaBou cuucjie xpimnecxoa (paJiocupHeii, 
<vro ■ neJiaeT Mcraep, ynoiuiHaa b oahou pxay ae tojuko BeoxaBTaaHnea, ho 4>BXre, Tereju 
■ naace IlnaTOBa. Bejibm Taxae Hcnojiwyex noHjrmc "xpaTaBxaii'' a mapoxoM ciuicjie; 
Hanpavep, paace a "3irf>JieuaTBxe cmmcju" oh nacaji, ito "xpBTBiecxaa tpajiocotjua HMeeT 
flejio e ocBoanhnm npo6jieitaiai no.iHiHaa; oh« onpejnuiaeT ocaoBaue no3aaBaTejit.Bi.ie 
(popiu.i, Sea KOTOpbix HesoauoBtHO iu.muieBHe" (Chmbojih3m. C. 29 — 30). 

11 noHane TpaHCueHAeHTajikHOCTB, (Runier A. Toaopxoa b ctbtlc Tere ■ C>HXTe", 
ony6jiHKoaaHHOH a iceTBepoacKOM sxypaajie TpyflM b ana" (1914, JN? 7), aaa coaoxya- 

HOCTH (pOpMBJIfcBMX npeAnOCMJIOK n03H«HH«, BBCAeBHOe B KpETBTOCKOB IpHJIOCOCpHB 

KaHTa, anepaue xax npoSjieua bcbo ocoaaaBO b (pBJioco<pHB Ohxtb (t. e. n xax otb»aj> Be 
(paxTBiecxae, a BAeajiwaoe ycjioaae noaHaHHa Booonte"), ■ "a 3tom ciuicjie <X>bxtc houcho 
Hassan BTopi.ru ocaoBaTCJieic KpaTanaaifa'' (C. 12). Hayieaaeu stob npo6jieia>i a aaaa- 
hsjibci. BeoaaHTBaHCUie (pajiocotpcxae hucojiu: MapSyprcxaa (r. Korea, H. Xhrropu, 
3. Kaecapep) BcroJixoBMaajia KaHTa "TpancneHfleHTaJiBHO-jiorHieciui'\ BaAeHcxaa 
(B. BaHneJn>6aHA, T. PaxxepT a up.) — "TpancQeBAeBTajibBO-ncaxojiorBiecKH". 

"Can Ksht, yTBepatAaBnuu, <rro #ocToaepHO Juum. nayiHoe BoasaBBe, dojiokbji 
aaiajio noBBiiaBBio (pHJiococpaa He xax ooaHaaaio caepxiyacTBeBBMX cynujocTea, ho 
xax "aayxa aayx", npHieic a xoane nponiJioro aexa b» avy poju. npaTxaajia a»a 
nporoonojioauiMX HanpaajieHHx: &eoK«HTaaHCTBo ■ qo3btbbb3u. 

" "HayxoyieBBe" ("Wissenschaftalehre") — ochobhoc npoaaaeaeBBe <I>HXTe, nepabiB 
aapaaaT KOToporo atuneji a 1794 i. a aaTex He pa3 nepepaSaraaajicx. 

14 Bejttrii o&ieAHHJieT b aaaaou KOHTeKCTe HAeajmcTHiecicyio <pajioco<pHK> <I>Hxre 
a noaHTBBBax Koara, tbk xax o6a y«eBBa, OTpHn.aa cymecTBOBaBae "aetna a ce6e" 
(HeaocTynHofi noaHaHHio o6%exTHBHoa AeficTBHTeJitnocTB), paccuaTpaaajia ipaJiocotpaio 
xax aaymyio aeTOAOJiornio, ocHoay cBcreraTBaaaaa KOBxpeTHtix sayx: Obxtc bliboaht 
ace paaHOo6paaHe (popu Boaaajaaa (ace Hayca) a] cy6%eaTBBHO-HAeaJmCTHHecKoro Hata- 
Jia — aa "fl"; Koht xe, xotb h npH3naex Hajmiae o5i>eKTHBBoro ontiTa, TpeSyer or 
Hayiaoro aaaaBB orpaHBiBTbCX onacaHaeu BBenumx ("no3HTH«Bi.ix") (pajtToa. 

" Oa/iococpCKae cacTeiu.1 TeHpHxa PaxxepTa a 3;u«yHAa Tyccepjia npeanojiarajiB, 
a cymaoCTa, QOaHaaae tob cauoa TpaBcneafleHTaju.BOH AeacTBHTejitBOCTB, xoTopaa, 
corJiacHO Kaary, BenoaHaaaeua xax "aeou. b ce6e" h flaaa aameuy coaaaBBio xax 
anpaopHoe ycjioaBC bo3Bobchocth no3Hanaa: "qenHOCTHaa" (pHJiocoipBa PaxxepTa 
- — aayxa o "citiicjiax", oSpaayionnoc "coaepnieBBO caicocroaTeju>Boe napcTao, Jieaamee 
no Ty CTopoHy cy&bexra b ofrtexxa" (Putaupm r. bobbtbh (pHJiocotpaa // Jl oroc. 1910. 
JNi 1. C. 33); a ocBoae (peaoueaojiorHH ryccepjia ("aayxa o *bctmx <pe HOUeHax ") 
— npo6ne«a "TpaBCKeBAeaTajibBOB cy6r.eitTHBB0CTH" — aayieaae Baeoai.rrai.ix h Bae- 
BCTopavecxBX cipyxTyp coaaaaBX ("nacToro fl"), auicaBeHTaoro "uapy tpeaoMeBoa". 

"Cbmboji Bejioro, upopMapoBaHHfciH bo unorou Ha ocnoae (pHJioco<pBH PaxxepTa 
(MeTBep a t b e t e Bejioxy < Jl. 307) exaABO BUenyeT PaxicepTa n BeH3ueBBi.iH deus 
ex machina (Bor aa kumau. — H. JI.) aBApeeSeJioacxoro 6biJioro "BaeajiBsna"), Tajuxe 
uowct SbiTi. onpenejieH xax BOAo6aaa TpaadjenAeHTajitHaa n ciu>iCJioaax" peajibHocTi, 
a aaaiHT, b aohbou KOHxexcTe CTaaoBBTca xax 61.1 chhohhuom "xpaTaiecxoa (paJioco- 
d>BB n , a sto AJi« Bejioro aeBoauowBo. *■ 

584 



17 Cornacno Bejiouy, Koxopbnj ccmiaexca npa srou na Paiucepxa, "uexacpasaita ecTt 
yi£HHeoTpaBCiteHfleHrHOHpeajibH0CTH"(CBeTOBa s rpaAanu* r exe. JI. 15). Mexaep 
ae nonaijaex uexac^Hsaxy khk "yuonocTBiaeicyio c<pepy nmmnn afleajiiBHx cywHocxeii*\ 
nosaojnuonryio "coaepnaTejiuio uticjum. o nejiou", r. e. kbk yienae o TpaHcnenAeBTajiBBOH 
peaju-uocxa. 3acci> aaTpoayr aaxcafcia flJix pyccKoa iuicjih axoa anoxa aonpoc o noBBManaa 
ueTaipB3aucH k>k Bayaa. B CTaxte C. TecccHa "Mbctbkb h ueTacpaaBKa" (Jloroc. 1910. JVs 1 . 
C. 118 — 1S6) uexacpasaica onpeACnaerci aaa panaoBajiuiaa ipajioccxpaa, Koxopa* "xoict 
nosaaxi. Smtbc a ero nejiou, nocxarayxb cymaoCTb, nepaoocaoay 6biTHa" (C. 126); 
xpancnenAenxBoe we 6mxbc kbk cipepa BBepanaoBajibaaa — "neaaocTb, aaxeaneBaaa 
■ cyxeHBaa BUKaaeBTBbiMB KoueaTaaB'' (C. 128) — nocxaraexca Bppanaoaa.ni.BMB 
nepeacaaaaaeM ■ mbctbkob, t. e. ctoht aae (paJiococpaa. Tbkbm o6pa3oic, a* abbbom 
KOSTCKCTe peii bact o Aayx paaaux "ueracpB3BKax: r '. 

" Bejifcia oSbbhxct Meraepa, KOTopbia, a ibcxbocxb, nanier, tto nireBBep paapuaa- 
ct "nmpovyio nponacn. uexny Tetc a acea ,, nJIaTOH0KaHTO■CKOK> ,, (pBJiocoipCKOB 
jibbbcb" (Puicum^eiii o r e t e. C. 52), a neoicaBTBancKou (a nyxe MapSyprcaoa 

imCOJIbl) HCTOJIKOBBBBB KpBTBYeCKOB (pHJIOCCMpBB KaHTa B BAeajIB3Ka IIjlaTOBB. ^eHCT- 

BBrejibBo, Mexaep b noiwe (b t b e t c B e ji o a y ) eme paa noAtepaser caoe cornacae 
c Koreaoa, BawaaniBB Kaara "B03o6noBBTejieu aflaxouaaua, noaeamHM nocJienaBB no 
coBepraeHCTBa" (.-.), a "nyn> IIjiaToaa — Bayintut" (JI. 174). B Aaaaoit itoaxeKCxe peib 
aner rJiaaaMK oopaaoic 06 BcxojiKOBanaB "MAea". ByjiraKOB a 1917 r. ctpopuyjupoaaJi 
ary npoojieuy cjieAymnau: oopaaoa: "...cjienyeT n» HAen IIjiaToaa noBauaxb a Tpaac- 
qeaAeBTaJiuio-KpBTBiecKOii cuiicjie, kbk (popuajiuiMe ycjioaaa noanaBBi a ero npe- 
AejibBbie rpaBB (aaaTOBCKBe bacb), bjib ace a xpancnenAeBXHo-uexa(pB3B>iecKOM caucjie? 
Hto xaxoe uJiaxoBOBCMB "aBaBneaac"? ...(popuajibBO-jioraiecxoe a priori, upoaaju- 
Knnpeca a KaatAOK OTAeJD>Bou Bare noaaaaaB, bjib we aro ecxb AeacxBBTejibBoe npanoua- 
nanae o MBtpOTaopiecitoii bcachbb (...). JIoraKa bjib lunpoxBOpiecxBO (Korea bjtb 
ILnaxoB?)? (EyAiOKOt C. H. Cmt aeaenepaaB: CosepnanaJi a yuo3penafl. M., 1994. C. 
72 — 73). JUreBaep axcer a aaay aueaao aeoKaBXHancicyio (3Aecb: "xpaBcneBAeHxajib- 
ayio") "nJiaTOBoaaBTOBCicyio" back), npoTaaonocTaBJiaa ee rereacKOB. 

" Hiieerca a BB«y caasKa flaxCKoro nacaTejia Xaaca KpacTBaaa Aaaepceaa "Hoaoe 
njiarbe Kopojia". 

""KpaiBKa "oacToro paayMa" (1769 — 1781). 

11 IHTeHDep aiieeT a aa^y HeoKaBTBaaneB. 

" "...BpeAeH (...^> nutojibBtm (paHaTBsu, KOTopux Oflep»uaui BBor^a cneqaaJiacTbi 
no BaymoB cpBJiococpBB npeauyniecTBeBBO BeoKaaTBaacKoro tojikb <(...). He 6yny<ai 
a coctoxbbb pa6oraTb a aea Taopiecaa, "HHTyHTBBno", t. e. pacmapu ee o6iiacTi>, 
• pa6oTa« jiBnit "flacKypcHBHo", opaeHTapya b cacTeaaTBaapya, t. e. ynop«Ao«iBBaa ee 
QOJiacTb, TpyAOJiH>6aBbie (pHjiococpCKHe icypaaeaaBicB rpoaax tcm, ito apyraa cxopona 
^BJiococpaa, ae aayiaaa sui generis, a xyAoatecTaeBaaa sui generis, nocTeneaao ac<ie3BeT 
■a nojia Ayxoaaoro apeaaa names 3aoxB n . 

"Cp.: "Ilpewfle acero BeoSxoAaxo ycaoan. ce6e ctojii. xapaxxepHbiH unt Tvtc 
■AorxaTBSM, caoSoay a a to ate apeaia nOA-taneBBe Kaaouy-To KOH<pBTypaaaoBaouy 
MKoay a coHeTaaaa aoBBaua, AyaJiB3ua a njnopa jrH3Ba" (PasuumjicHan o r e x e. 
C. 69). ^aJiee, crpeiucb c6jib3bti> Kanxa b Tere, Mexnep yxBepatflaex npauo npoxa- 
■eaoJioataoe: "TpancneBfleaxajiaaB Kaaxa BaxoABTca, noflo6ao UBpoaoaapeBaio Tere, no 
ty cTopoay npepecauHa neatly uoaaaiioM, flyajiH3KOM, njiropajui3uou" (C. 296- — 297). 

"Kaary aeuenxoro <pajioco(pa Horaaaa HuuaayBJia <l>oiijjtejibxa "KaBxoBCKaa 
Wopaa nosBaBaa" (Lnmanuel Kant's Erkennlnistheorie nach ihren Crundprinzipien 

585 



analyaiert. En Beitrag nir Grundlegung der Erkenntnistheorie. Leipzig, 1879) IttreBBep 
aaaaaji "jiyinnm aa ncero, <rro npoH3B<ma BOBenmaa" <bBJiocod>aa n (Goethes 
Erkenntnistheorie // Einleitungen. S. 146). 

"HaeeTca b aaay BBara ocaoBaTejia Mapoyprcxoa hibojiu aeoaaBTBaBCTBa Tep- 
nana KoreBa Teopaa oubrra KanTa" (1871). 

"Prinzipia (Man.) — npannanbL, aaiaJia. Pe<u> hjct o aaaoaax ("Haiajiax"), 
KOTopue ccpopaynapoaan Hcaaa Huotoh b aaare "MaTeaaTBTCCxae aaiajia Harypa- 
jibBOB (pajiocodjaa" (1687): ipa 3aaoaa ABaaceHBjf (aaaoB aaepnaB, 3aaoa nponopnx- 

OBaJIbBOCTB CBJIbl ■ yCKOpeBBB, 38K0B paaeBCTSa ACBCTBBJi B npOTBBOAeHCTBBUi), 38KOH 

BCcaapBoro TarOTCHma ■ Ap. 

" Do noBOfly aroro naccaxa Meraep 3aneiaeT b cbocic Oneie B e ji o m y: "Hea- 
6epjiea AOBCTBBTejibHO ABJieTaaT, par excellence, xyAoacaaa ABJieTaaTaaaa ■ ayjibTypT- 
perepcTaa; bcbbb ob ■ A°6poe cTapoe apexa, aoma aayaa ae paapocjnci. eme a oSjhctb 
■eofioapame ■ Benpoxooaabie 6ea aceneJioa OTAa<iB c«6a o/aroa as aax, Hea6epJ»a 6kiji 
6m (...) afflnuuionenBCToa'' (JI. 114). Bojiee toio, Meraep ciBTaer, hto aayiobiB TpyA 
6oT«BBaa Heufiepjieaa o TeTe — oabb as Tpex jiy>muix aa sry Teuy, aapoAy c BBaraaB 
"tpajiocodia 3aMBcejui a repaanacTa ryBAOJU.<pa" (JI. 113). 

Meraep TBKace samamaeT ot nanaAoa Benoro noaaiuoo caacapaTOjiora Ilayjia 
Heacceaa: "Heyxejm era ABJieTaaTaaa caaaaa c tcm o6cTOXTeju.CTBoa, nro ob, (...) 
npBJieBtBO Bay-Mamaa ILnaroaa, "opaeBTapoBaB" bcb ate ae aa TpaAanaoaao nocrpoaeaoM 
reaeaace eaponeacaoa dnuiocotpaa ot ajinaacaax nuioaoaCTOB no coapeKeBBBtx upamaTB- 
aoa a ae aa ecTecTBeaaoa aayae, t. e. ae aeoaaaTaaaCKa, a coBepmeaBO no-aoBoay, aaeaao 
aa BBAoapaacaax aacbonoreMax a djajiococpeaax" (JI. 115). "0 ero uaoroToaaoa acropaa 
diBJiocod>BB, — upoflOjrataeT MeTaep, — Baianaa c BeaanTbi a Bb6jibb, a o ero nepeBogax 
BBoyccBoa drajiococpBB, aaaepaoe, ocBCAOMJiea a A. E." (JI. 116). JJeficrBBTejibHO, najiee 
Bejiua 6yneT onapaTbca aa aeaoropLie bmboam ^acceaa. 

** Cp.: "Hayiaoe yfieatAenae tojimco nepea caaoro ce6a, — raaoa geaaa aaaroBcaoa 
{bajiocofpaa. rjiaaaua o6paaoai nosTOuy ob aaaBBJi ee aparanecaoa b upoTBBOBOJioat- 
BOcrfc AoraaTanecaoa, aoTopaa nojryweT yace roToaue yTaepacAeaaa a Jiann> bbocjica- 
ctbbb BOAucKBBaeT a bek AoaaaaTeni>CTBa" (0 h e p a Teopaa DOiaasu. C. 58). 

** Bejn>ia yace OAaaatAM Bacaentnaao apoBBTepaperapoBaji aiy 6eccabicJieaByK>, 
c ero TO«uca apeaaa, BeoaaBTBancayio cbopayjiy 3. JIacaa b acce "Kpyroaoe naaateBae" 
(c6. "ApaSeCKB"). Ca. aaary 3. JIacaa. "Jloraaa d>ajioco<pBB b y^esae o aareropHHx" 
(Lask K Cesammelte Schriften, Tubingen. 1922. Bd. 2. S. 112). 

M B laCTBOcra, fflxeBBep paccaaTpaaaeT npo6jieay, "aaeeT jib y Kaoi-a ocbobbob 
TeopeTBKO-B03BaBaTe/n>BbiB aonpoc npeAnoctuiKH" bo BTopoa rjiaae caoea aaara "Hc- 
Taaa a aayaa". 

" "HcTBaaaa aaflaia iBCToro paayaa, — namn Kaax b "KpaTaae lacroro paayaa", 
— aaajuovaeTca a cjieayiomeM Boopoce: aax aoaiioacaBi anpaopabie CBHTeraiecaHe 
cyatAeaaa? (...) Pemeaae BOCTaaJieBaoa Bbime aa/jaia 3aajnotaeT a ce6e Buecre c Tea 
BoaMoatBOcra laCToro npaaeBeaaa paayaa npa coaAaaaa b pa3BBTBB scex aaya, coflep- 
acamax aapaopaoe Teoperviecaoe aaaaae o npenaeTax, t. e. OTaeT aa Boapocu: Kaa 
aoajfoataa iBCTaa aaTeuaTaxa? Kaa BoaMoacao ibctoc ecTecTBoaaaaae? Taa aaa stb 
aayaa AeiCTBBTejibao cynntCTayiOT, to ecxecTBenao CTaBari. aonpoc, aaa obb aoaaoatBi.i: 
bca> ax cymecTBOBaaae AoaasBisaeT, ito obb aojibcbm 6nTb BoauoatBu <, (K p a t a a a 
iBCToro paayaa. C. 41 — 42). 

" Cp.: "Kaar B3AJ1 oSntenpaaaToe noaaTae noaaaBaa a aaflaji aonpoc o ero bosmojk- 
aocTB. Corjiacoo srouy bobbtbio, cbbicji jioaBaaaa AOiiacea 3aajiraiaTi.ca b neaoeu 

586 



orpaateaBB ycjioBBB 6arraa, oaxOAamaxca bbc coaBaaaa a cymecrayiomHX b ce6e. Ho 

O BO3M0XHOCTH noaoaBBM HHBBB BCJIUS AOrOBOpBTbCa, nOKB H6 6yACT qiB 0TB6T aa 
BOnpoC O TOM, "ITO BOaBBBBTI.. TeM CaMMM BOUpOC "Hto eCTfc IXiaBaBBe?" CTBBOBHTCa 

Bepaam aonpocoM Teopaa BoaaaBaa" (Coethes Erkenntnistheorie // Einleitungen.S. 
143). 

"Benaia BanaraeT cjieAyiontafi aaccaac ffiTeftaepa: "Kbbt BepecaaaaaaeT tepea 
co6ctb«bbo TeopeTBKO-noaHaaaTe.nkBnB aoupoc. Ob naiHsaer caoio Kparaay paayaw 
c aayx maroa <...>. Ob cpaay ytrraBamnanaeT paanamae Beamy cy6*earoM a o&mktom, ae 
aaoaaaaca aompocoat, aaaoe aoo6me anaieHae asicer tot dtaxvr, «rro paccynoa paaACJiaeT 
aae ofijiacTB AeBctBBTenuiocTB (sAeci>: "aoaaajomaB cy&keaV b "nosaaaaeMua ofyaear". 

— H. JI.). 3aTeM ob Barranca BOBaraaao ycTaaoaaTii aaaaMooTBomeaBe 3tbx Aayx 
cdtep, aaoBh aw sanaaaack aonpocoa, aaaoa cuucji aMeer noAoSaoe ycTUoajieBBe. Ecjib 
6u ob yaBAen oma6oHHOCTfc caoero TeopeTBao-BoasaaaTejiaBoro aonpoca, ob 6m aaae- 
ran, "ito paanejieBBe aa cy6ie*T b o&bear cyn. npoaeatyToiakia ayaKT aamero 
nosBaaaa a «rro a ocaoae o6oax Jieaurr Miy6oaoe, BOCTaraeaoe paayMoa eABBcrao" 
(Verhahaia dot Goethiachen Denkweiae su anderen Aasichten // Einleitungen. S. 221). 

"Ecjib acXOABTb as aaaieaaa cjioaa a priori (-tarn.: as npeamecTByiomero), npea- 
aojnuraMmeto noaaaaae aentea aa ax npatBH — aa Toro, ito cocraajiaer ax BpeoBOcun- 
ay, to AeicTBBreJlfcHO aaaToacaoe anpaopaoe Boaaaaae, BeaaaacaKOe or oauTa, aaa 6ai 
no onpeAeJWBBio, ace paaao aojubbo aMen. npeAnocaaaay. Ho aeo>, cotjiacao KaaTy, 
a priori — 3to aaaaae, apeamecTayionxee osany, a mapoaoM cmmcjib — ace, «rro 
OTBOcarrca a ycjioaaaM aoaaoataocTB onarca, (popaajiaBam npeAnocauntaM nosaanaa 
(anpaopaaie dtopMai HyaCTaeBBOCTB — npoCTpancTao a apetu, aaTeropaB paccyAaa 

— cyficraaaaai npaYBBBocra a «p.). 

" BOBBMaaBB "aflea" a cacTeaax Kaara a IHremiepa cm. opaMen. 119, 120 a rji. 3. 

"Haeerca a aa«y TpaaciieBAeBTajibBMB bbt caMoco3aaBaa (A ccm* H), aoropaia 
ftaxre a "HayaoyieHaa" npaaaaeT 6eaycjioBB*n( aaiaJioa acaxoro BoaBaaaa, aa boto- 
poio aarea BuaOABTca ace opyrae, lacTBue npaananai noanaaju. Tpy6enaoa aaauaaeT 
stot aar oBpeAeneaBa "TpaBcrjeaAeaTaJiuiMM: tojiwom" (C. H. Tpy6enaoa. O opapoAe 
tejioaeiecKoro coaaaaaa (1889 — 1891) // TpySeifitou C. H. Coi. C. 491). 

" XapaaTepaaya "HayaoyHeBBe", IQTcaHep bbabt aacjiyry Obxtc a tom, tto tot 
bkobbo a yieaaa o coaaaBBa Bameji ooocBoaaaae acex aaya. B rjiaae "Cao6oAaaa or 
apeABOcauiOK Teopaa Boaaaaaa a "Hayaoyieaae" <I>BXTe" (aaara "H ctibi a a a y - 
a a") ob BBBxer, >rro "a«ea noaBaBaa" BenocpcAcraeBBo AaHa a lejiOBexecaoM coaaaaaa, 
noCKonuty obo OTAaeTca noaBaaaTeiuaoB nemrejaaoctM. "H" aaa itearrpy coaaaaaa 
BenocpeACTBCBHO abbm BBenmae a BByrpeBaae aocnpaBTaa a ero coGcraeaBoe cymecr- 
BOBaaae. Haacrpeiy AaaaoMy aapy BoaBBKaer y aero BTopoii Map, Map MamuieBBa, 
a "fl" coeaBBaeT o6a aapa Tea, vro ocymeCTBJiaeT caoSoABam pemeaaeM to, hto aai 
ycTaaOBBJiB aaa bamo noaBaaaa (C. 40). Obxtc onpeAeJiaji, aaa cHarraer HlTeaBep, hto 
■ ocaoae acero oerajiuioro coaaaaaa Jieacar "BOJiaraaae "A", bo ob "bc ycTaBoaan 
DoaaTae Boaaaaaa, aoTopoe aojsbbo ocymecrajiaTb "fl". <J>kxto yaavroatacT acaaoe 
nnaHBHae, raa aaa BpaaraiecaaB AearejuBOCTb "fl" OTaocarca coaepmeBHO a apyroi 
OOJiacTB (...>. Taa aaa "fl", noaa obo ae BBJixiHeao MainmeaaeM a CBcreMaTBiecaoe 
■Booe o6paaa aapa, Taaate ecri> Bei-ro aaoe, aaa aenocpefl c i' a e aM O Aaaaoe, to npocTO 
•aiaaJieaBe ero AeaTejiiaocTB aoace HCAOCTaTOino <...). "fl" nojiaraeT noaBaaaBae" (C. 
41—45). 

"Tepaaa "aBBepqeanaa" (Aam..: ad — a; perceptio — aocapaaTBe) aaeji JIcb6hbi], 
eaaaaa ero c caMOcoanaoaeM aaa Taaoaaoi. B (pajiococpaa KaaTa "cB B TeT Bi ecaoe 

587 



eaancTSO annepnennaa" o6oanaueT cabhctbo noanaiomero cy&beara — "o6%eaTBBHoe 
ycnoase Bcaxoro noaaaaaa" (Kpinxi h a c t o r o piaym. C. 103). 

"A posteriori (jam.: aa nocJieayxHnero) - — a (paJiocotpan Kama o6o3Ha«ieBBe 
onarraoro ananas; o npannane "a priori'' cm. npaaen. 34 aacT. rn. 

** AarJiBBcaaB dmnocotp ^Lsbha Kh( OTpanaJi o&beKTBBHoe cymeCTBOBanae upniBH- 
BO-CJuacTBeaBbix caaaea (t. e. saaoBoa npapoAfci), caaauaaa aayaaflbaocrb c ncnxojiora- 
tocbhmb accotnuqaaaa npocrux "awea" (•ryacTBenm.ix o6pasoa naaara) npyr c npyroa. 

41 AaHiBBcanB dmnococp ■ ncsacojior JUjmtabtc Mann*, npoAonataa TpaABBaa Khca, 
oooeaoaan auBBenanio nparanHnocra muioboii ycmneaaa Knoi aceonaainta, a BOTopoa 
oh aa«eji ocBoaoyio onepanaw eoaaaama, or ee noBTopeaaa. 

" Haearrca a aajry «ae khbth H. OoJiuenvra: yate ynouBBaainaaea aiime Teopaa 
norniai KaBra" a "Om>rr ■ umuHnc" (Erfahrnng and Denken. Kritische 
Grandleguag der Erkenntnistheorie. Hamburg u. Leipzig, 1886). HlTeaaep ae pas oofliep- 
aaaao, vro a ocaoay caoax npencraajieHaa o "hbctob nam" a "aaHHOcm" oa KJiaflCT 
TeopaM noanaaaji ftojifcaeflBTa, KOToptia A*« "npeaocxoflHyio xapaaTepacTBay incToro 
onuTa: ...npocTO oaacMaaeT aaa aapTBau, aoTopue a orpanaiennbtB npoaeacyToa 
apea»aa coaepmeaao DeccBaaaua o6paaoa npoxooaT ncpea umn coaBaaaea, (...) 
noamnMTca Ta <popaa aencTBarrejibBOCTa, a aoropoa nnonm ee npnaaaaeT Hnaaaoro 
yiaerna" (Oiepn Teopaa nosaaaaa. C. 25 — 26). "Ho coaepmeBBo BeaoaaTBO, 
— npoaanacaer a gpyroa aecre BlTeanep, — noway <&ojn,aeJivr 6eccaa3ai>ie o6paau 
aocnpaaraa Tojncyer aaa npeflCTaBJioaaa, oTpesaa aapaaee nyxt a BoaaoatnocTn o&fcea- 
TBBBoro noaaaBBa'' (Einleitungen. S. 146). Can <fauiuteji» HaauaaeT csoe yiemie 
n cy6«eaTBBBCTcaBX Tpaaccy6«eKxaBB3Kou''. 

" BeAMB yaoaaaacr a naanoB aoBreKcre aecro as bbbib JHieanepa "0 i e p a 
Teopaa doiiiii a", r«e tot paaoapaeT aaary aacTpaacKoro ncaxojiora a <pajioco(pa 
Paxapna Bane "Mom a cosaaBae" (Gehirn und Bewuutaeia. Wien, 1884) a oramaeT ero 
aaciiyry a "venoa ODpacoaae Toro, «rro gaeT Baa ocao6oawBHMa or acex ajieaeaToa 
uuminn.1 obmt (...). IIo Bane, aaa aaaaoa&i tojiuco coaaecTaocTk a npocrpaHCTBe 
a nocJiefloaaxeJitHOCTi. bo apeaeBa <(■••)• Mm aavero ae SHaea o xaaoB-naSo npaqanaoa 
caaaa" (C. 26—27). Boapaacan npoTBB aDcomoTBaanaa aroro yTBepatAeaaa BaJie, m-rea- 
aep npaaaaer, tto "oho anojiae cnpaaenJiBBO no OTBomeBBio a nepaoa dropae, a aoropoa 
au BOcnpaaBMaea AeHCTBareJibHocTi," (Tax ate), t. e. aa arane "neBOcpeACTBeH- 
HO-AaBaoi" AeacTBBTejn>BOCTB. 

"fflTeaaep yraepacAaer npaao npoTaaonojioacaoe; Boaaoatao, Bejaia He anojiae 
tohbo bobbji aro aecro: "Mti pfMixiai 6mjib ofiparaTb oco6eHHOe BHHMaaae aa aaary 
■DojivaejibTa, noroay tto ohb aajiaeTCB a aacToainee apeaa caaknc BuaaioniBBca Tpynoa 
a aToa o&iacTB, a Taaace no-roiry, vto oaa aoaceT cviTaTbca TanaMaofl una acex pa6oT no 
Teopaa noaaaaaa, a npnanane npoTaaonojioacHbix aameay aanpaaJieHaio, ocBOBanaoay 
aa aaponoHBuaaaa Tere (O^epa Teopaa ntiiiHii. C. 29). 

** Pronuacue (aom.). — caemaBao, aaeere. 

** IlaTpBCTBaa (Aom.: pater — oreii) — xpacTaaacaoe Sorocjioaae "otijob pepaBa" 
(H — VIII aa.): TepryjuiBaaa (oa. 160 — nocjie 220), KnaueBTa AjiexcaBApaacaoro (oa. 
ISO — no 215), Opareaa (oa. 185—253/254), AarycTaaa (354—430). 

*' ArnocTanaaii (iptn.: a — OTpauaaae, gnosis — aBaaae) — yteaae, orpaqaioniee 
nojntocTuo ana uctbhbo aoaaoBCBOCTb noaaaaaa aapa. 

*• Physis a metaphysis (tpn.) — <paaaaa (aAeci.: npapona) a aeTatpBaaaa. Ca. Taaxe 
npaae^. 77 a rji. 3. 

*• Bealia (Mm.) — peanknoe, peajn>nocta>; Tepaan cxojiacxBYecaoa 4>aunoco<pBB. 

588 



"TpaBcneacyc — Tepuaa, b nepesoae c jibt. 6yaa. oaaaHajomaa "bmxoa 3a 
npeAeJtti". 

"Cp. bbcuio Tere <I>. Y. Hao6a: "Bor noaapaji ts6b HeTatpaaaaoii, docjibb xe5e 
mbjio b anon, Meaa ate, aanpoTaa, 6jnroam>BMJi dwaaaoa... fl Kpemco Aepatyci. 
6orono<iBTaBB* OAaoro c areacTOM (CnasoaoB. — H. JI.)... Baa we npeAOcraBJino ace, 
vro bm aaaMBaeTe b aojmcbm aauiaaTk penaraea... Ecjib n>i CKaacemk, ito b Bora 
uoatao TOJiuco Bepan, to ■ OTBety xe6e, «rro cbjiuho ynoaaio Ha coaepn.asBe" 
(Goethes Werke. Weimarer Atugabe. Bd. 7. S. 214). 

" B 1886 r. Bunxna una fflTemepa "Oiepa Teopaa noasaBaa reremcKoro aatpoBoa- 
apeaaa", b 1914 r. — caara MeTBepa "PaaiiunuieBBa o rere". 

"O oooTBomenaa HexaaaxB a uaTeaaTBJta nheaaep nimn: "...aaatAaa u'aTcsuaTB- 
*ecaaa ipopuyjia BepeGpacuBaer "aunoa moct" a ajieueBrapaMM: aaneBBaM, aoropue 
cjiyacar bcxoahum nyaBTOM accjieAoaaBBa. Ho arm ajieaeBTapBue aajieaBa bmbiot 
Taayio ate npapoay, aaa a bo aJieiteBrapHiie, or aoropux a hbm nepe6pomsB moct. 
MaTcaaTBica ace apaBOABT caoacraa cjiobibmx ibcjiobmx a npocTpaacTBeankix 06- 
paaoaaBaa a ax BaaBMocaaaea a caoacTBaa ■ r,B«a«if npocTux ybcjiobmx a npocrpaBCT- 
Beaaux oopaaoBaaaa. Taa ace AeacT»yeT a Mexaaaaa. Oaa apeoSpaayeT cjjoacsue 
oponeccu AaaaceBaa a caaoaue BoaAeacTBaa s npoc-rne, jierao o6oapaHi>ie Aaaaceaaa 
a CBJioabie BoaAeacTBaa. Ilpa stom icexaaaaa npaoeraeT a nouorua uaTeuaTBiecitBx 
saaOBOB, nocaojiucy ABaaceBae a npoaajieBae cajibi, uoatao Bupaaark aocpeACTBOM 
npoCTpaBCTBCBHbDC o6paaoaaBBa a *aceji. B MareaaTBiecicoB (popuyjie, aupaxaKinutB 
awx>BBvecaaa aaaoa, OTAeju.ai.ie ijieafci Sojiee ae oaaaiaioT <tacTO MaTeaaTBiecitax 
oopaaoaaaaa, bo canfci a ABaaceBaa. OTHomeBaa Meatfly araaa ineHaaa onpeAeJieaM ae 
<atCTO xaTeuaTBiecKOH aaaoaoaepHOCTHO, bo caoacTBaaa cbji a AaaateBaa. Ho aorAa km 
OTBJnmeMca ot ocoocaaoro coAepacaaaa HexaaanecBBX cpopayji, Mki 6yACM bmcti. flejio 
yace ae c Mexaanecaoa, bo acajDoiaTeJUBo c uaTeaiaTBHecaoB aaaoBOMepBOCTMo" 
(Goethe gegen den Atomismua // Einleitungen. S. 320). 

" BejWB Biieer b aafly nrreaaepoacBBB paa6op aaam ecTeCTBoacnMTaTcjia AnToaa 
JIbkbm "Ho™ amymero" (Nachte del Suchenden. Braunschweig, 1893), nocjieAoaareJia 
"nexaaacTBiecitoro yieaaa o npapone" a OAnoBpeuenao "bhabbckob ubctbkb" 
(Einleitungen. S. 314). 

"Meraep noBToparr cyacAeBae rejxuuojxkna, KOTopua > craTve "O ecTecTBea- 
BO-aayuuux rpynax rere" yraepacAaJi, tto TOiry "iiorjio 6km. siiojiae no ce6e jibbd. tbu, 
rne yaajiock BajioacBTb dojidoctmo noara^ecayio neia-rj. na boo AeicrnHTejiiBOCTi. <(...), 
a b 3tom (...) cjieAyer Baaerj. ocBoaaaae Tony, ito ob BtraywAeo 6i.iji BbiCTynaTj. 
Bpaacecaa npoTaa KexaaaaBa, yrpoacaameTO eaceuaayTBO ero noaTBiecKouy 6jiaronoJiy- 
«x>" (mT. co: FaauumJicHii o TeTe. C. 471). 

" BejxbiB BMeeT b aafly, ito Buenao aonxrae "paTMa-jioroca" (popimpyeT tu-icjii. aaa 
repaajiBTa, Taa a Hamne, coaAarena o6paaa MyApeija-<pBjioco<pa — "jieraoHoroto 
BJiacyHa", M&icjiamero ae a6cTpaxTBO-JiorB*ecBB, bo "paTMBHecjCB''. 

"3jieaTbi — BpeACTaaaTeJia ApeBBerpeiecaoa cpBJiocoipcKOB mxojn.i, BoaBBamea 
b r. djiee a VI — V bb. ao b. a. (Kceaodtaa, IlapueaBA, 3enoB 3jieacitBB), aoTopue 
yvuia, ito BCTBBaoe 6fcrrBe BBJiaeTca JiameHnnij pa3jia<om a aeaauennbiu, a ace 
BBABBoe BaaeB^BBoe uaorooSpaaae ajunoaopaknc; 3to nanoaceBae — oabb B3 
BCTOYBBKoa BJUTOBOBcaoro BAeanaaKa a a atoa cakicjie — yieaaa HTreaBepa 06 
baobx. 

** nacparopeaCTBO — yneaae BocjieAOBBTejiea ApeaBerpeHeccoro (jpajiocodia natpa- 
ropa, nojiyiaainee oco6oe pacnpocTpaaeHae b IV b ao b. a., BcxonBamee aa roro, <m> 

589 



111c.no (iiepa) aaa JioraiecaB opraaaayioraee Hai&no npcapamacT xaoc ■ kocuoc, • «ojim- 
vecTBCBBue OTHomeBaa (3«eck: "cbkh.") aajiaioTca cynmocTuo aemea. 

"Univeraalia ante rem, univenalia in re, univeraalia post rem (Mm.) — Tepuaau 
cxoJiacravecBOa <pBJioco<|>BB, osaaiaioiime aceo6mee ao Bema, aceo6mee a Bema, aceo6- 
mee aocjie mbp. 

** Opposita (Mm.) — npoTBBonojioatBue noanu. 

*' Ofrmnaeaa coocTaemfcia ■ rereacKHa boaxoam k aaymuna npapooti, nheaBep 
xapaBxepaayer mx aaa "aMnapawcBBB motoa c aAeajiBCTOTecBBMB peayjiHraTaaa ac- 
cjieAOaaaaa''. "3ro BAeajmsK, — muni mteaaep, — ho ae tot, «rro laaaxaeTca 
uiacaeaaea TyxasBoro, yaaAeHHoro a rpesax eABBCTaa aemea, so tot, BOTopua amer 
■oaapeTBoe bacbhoc coaepacaBae AeBCTBBTenfcBOCTB ruaai ate obmtbmm: nyrea, aaaaM 
coapeveaBoe caepxroiaoe accJieAoaaBae OTucaaaaeT djaaTnecxoe conepMaaae. IIoaob- 
na c 3tbx noianm ■ Fere, iiu HaAeeaca npoHBKsyrh a ero cymaocrk. Mm apenao 
Aepaumca aa aneajiBUc, ho ajiaAen a ocaoay ero paaaataa ae AHajieKTBiecaaa bctoa 
Terena, bo otbwihhmb, ajucmaa aitBBpasV (Coethes Erkenntiwart //Einleitungen. 
S. 127). 

**3Ty BCTOpaio aajiaraer DlTeaBep ao BCTynjienaa a 3-iry Toay "EcreCTaeH- 
■o-aaymux couHeHaa" TeTe: "3nyapA <poa rapraaa onyfijuncoBaji "ttauiocodjuao 
oeccoaaaTeJifcaoro''. <...> Ilocjie unoro^acjieaBMX aanaAoa, aupoieu aoauaeaaiBX aajio 
AeacTaaa, noaaajiocfc aaoBaxBoe coiBBeaae "BeccosaaTejaaoe e toveb ipeaaa a*P~ 
bbbbsiu b yveaaa o npoacxoatAeBBa bbaob" (1872), tpfi a npeAOiiuto saocTpeaBoa 
(popae 6una aucaaaaBM ace aoapaateBaa nporaa BOaoaBJieBaoa d«jioco4>CBOB Teopaa, 
aaaae Tomao aorjia auABBByri. coapeaeHHaa aayaa o npapone. 3to cmneoe aaAejia- 
jio aaoro myica. npaaepMeanu rocnoACTayjomero Banpaajieaaa 6mjib anojiae yAoajie- 
Taopeaki. Obb nyojiaHBO npaaaajui a aaTOpe eaoero, a ero bmboam o6i>aBBJia cbobmb 
waoAaMa. Ho aaaoe paaoiapoaaaae ax oatBAB.no! KorAa aaTop BajtOBen. aaaaaji ce6a, 
oaasaiiocfc, «rro sto — Sgympn <poa rapTMan" (Goethe als Denker and Foncher // 
Einleitungen. S. 258 — 259). Kaara "Oajiococpaa DeccoaaaTenuMtro" auntna 
a 1869 r. (pyc. aa A . 1902). 

" "Geheunwi»ten»chaft" (him.) — TaaaoaeAeBae, oaho aa BaaKeBoaaaaa yveaaa 
mTeaaepa a Baaaaaae ero aaara (a pyc. nep. "Oiepa TaaHoaeaeHaa"). 

M HeTOsaaa mrr. as 9 rjiaau poaaaa H. B. Torojia "Mepraue Aynta" (1842). Cm.: 
foioM U. B. Co6p. con.: B 9 t. M., 1994. T. 5. C. 165. 



riflTAfl TilABA. CBETOBAfl TEOPMfl rETE 
B MOHO-flyO-nJllOPAJlbHblX 3MB/1EMAX 

1 3apaTycrpa, opopoa a peepopaarop ApeanenepcaAcaoa penaiaa, Sjiaronapa <paJio- 
cocfacaoMy acce Hanme Taa roaopaJi 3apaTycrpa" (1863 — 85) aonreji a eaponeacayio 
Tpaaai(BX> aaa caaaoji rJiy6aBB0ro pecpopaaTopcxaa coapeaeBHoa ayjivrypbi, pejmraa 
a aiopana. B oosae Tjioccojiajiaa" (Bepjiaa, 1922) Bejn>ia npaaoABT "cbkbojib- 
ao-jayaoayio" BBTepnpeTanaM aveaa (a aeaiar, c ero towcb jpeaaa a cymaocra) 
3apaTycTpu aaa "aocnoHBBBBBa cojiaewoa ataaHa": "Zoraastra" aaesAa yrpa, roe "Zor" 
OCTfc anpo: oao conaeiafcia aaop; Sir — ny<u ao ace cropoBM... "SapaTycrpa" ecTV 
pacnpocrepTMB JiynaMa aa ace aa flyxoanoro caeTa — atapa AymH" (C. 61). 

B abbbom BOBTeacre Bejiua o6*eflHHaeT abb o6pa3a 3apaTycipu: BBnmeaacaaa 
a nrreaBepOBcaaa — n paTKBHecByio n <popay tpaJiocod^orBOBaaaa aairmeaBcaoro 3apa- 

590 



rycrpu (npBuei. 56 k mi. 4) ■ aHTponoco<pcKyio "pHTUHHecicyjo n cymBOCTb ero uuc- 
jn-MAeH, ee Texyiecri., BBTyaTBanocrb ■ o6paaBOCTb; aueaHo xaxoa, c to«h apeBaa 
Bejioro, ■ flOJiacna 6bm> bctbbbb* (pBJioco4>HB, noaajienHe KOTopoa aeaaSeatno. B ac- 
topbtockob KOBnennaa DlTeBBepa uacrynaioiaaa meCTa* (cjiauBCKaa) KyiarypnaM 
aaoxa DOBTopsT BTopyio (nepcBflCKyio) a aaaTca apeueaeu noBoro npaxoAa 3apaTycTpu, 
npeaaHaMeaoBaaaeic iero 6mjio "Tejiecaoe* Bonjiomeaae ero "nyxa" » -rent Hacyca as 
HasapeTa (ao apemeBas) ■ aaiajie aaana niTOa anoxa. 

' Bcnua ynOTpe6jueT cjiobo "yaaaepcajiaa" a tom ciouicJie, xaKoa oao auejio 
a cpeABeaeKOBOK peajisaiie. 06*«CBa» apoacxoatAeaae aaanoro noBjrraa aa jioraaa 
Apacrorejia, oa aaMewer no a-rouy noaoAy aHcTopaa AymB, vro "aBToaoicaa 
cpeAHeBCKOBoa lu-icJiB aavaaaeTca c npeapaTHoro TOJixoaaHBB npaaaji aaaneKTiuca 
corjiacao c BcaasteBBMif ApacTorejiea, noAanauac > aeomiaTOBBTOCKOB TpaBCKpamnaB, 
me cicensaabi rpaaa aeatny Jioraaoa a ucTatpBaaxoB (...). yaaBepcajnu cpeAaeaeKOBba 
— peajuaue cymoocTB, a b ApacTorejM obb — HOMHHaJii.Bj.ie KeTOAfci" (C. 254). 
IIoaTOKy nser (afleck: "cbwtobob aaaa") KaK "peajibHaa" a "»uu" awe* aaaBaa 
b AaaaoM aoHTeaxTe "yammepcajmeu", a caer ("H", ayx) b ecr* xa cymaocrj., aoropaa 
oaCBBJiaer a OAyxoTBOpaer ero. 

'Cjiobo "rtmuMmj" axeer a abhbom KOBTeacre aaaieaBe "AyxoaHMa 1 ' (cp. jam.: 
genius — Ayx). 

"Theos (ip*t.) — Bor. 

'3A<>Ck: aareji (ipen.: n BecTBBK*'). 

' HaiaJio "Ilpojiora aa ae6e n as Tpareaaa TeTe "<J>aycT": Pacpaiui: B npocrpaHCTBe, 
xopoM cipep oGurok, / Caoa rojioc cojihuc noAaeir, / Caepmaa c rpoitosMX pacsaToii 
/ IIpeAnacaBHBiB apyroaopoT. (Hep. B. nacrepBaaa). 

'"MaTpa, — namer Beaua b HcTopaa Ayma, — cojiaeHBua 6or b oSpaae 
loaonoi, aaaajiMBaiomero 6uaa — cavaojia DBsmea cbjim, nponBauaaeiiOB cojiaeiHoa 
cbjiob, cwrajica TBopiecami aaiaJioM Bcejiennofi <...>. B icBTpaaaxe caiuie Henpa Ayma 
omymaiomea, Tax caaaaTfc, noaBBKaiOTca b nojioey, oCBemeanyio cbotob paccyA**" (C. 17). 

* MatpOJioreaa BocuorOBBB Bji. CoJioabeaa (nocpeABBX ueacAy 6oacecTBOM b npapo- 
Aoa), (pajiocotpcu paaBepayraa ■ cacreiie "aOBaperaoro BAeajiaaMa" C. H. Tpy6enxoro, 
r«e oaa oiBaiaer "yBBBepcajiuyio, MBpoofrteiunomyio lyacTBeBHOCTfc <...}, aocMBiec- 
«oe CymecTBO bjib Map a csoea ncaxaiecxoa ocaoae — to, vto IIjiaTOB aaabnaji 
MapoBOM aymoio" (Tpyfayicou C. H. Co6p. coh. T. II. C. 298). 3to "aapoBoe cymecTBo" 
aonJiontaer b AaaaoM KOBTeacTe "jibk Mapa". 

'Hcaia. 1: 18. 

"Aoojijiob — b ApeBBerpeiecKOB UBCpOJiorHH "6or acex can, TBopamax o6pa3aaa, 
ecTfc a to ace apeiu a 6or, Bemaiomaa acTauay, Boaaeniaioinaa rpxAyntee. Ob, no aopaio 
csoeicy "6nenrynnu' 1 , 6oacecrBO caera, i^apBT a naa ajijuoaopabiif Sjiccxom apacoTM bo 
BByTpeHHCH nape tpaBTasBa'' (<J>. Haqme. "PoatAenae TpareABB aa Ayxa icyabuta r '). 
TaxBM oSpaaoM, Anojuioa aaa cbmboji coJiaetHOro caera (t. e. "aoBapeiBoro" caera, 
BBJienBOro ciaoai. "TUiy") KoaceT 6brri. naaBan a reTescKou TepKBBOJioraa "npo- 
TO-cpeBOBeBOK' 1 , bo aaa "wbbob" cbmboji — oa OAHOBpeueHBO a "npoTo-xan". 

11 IIcBxex (/pan.: psyche — "Ayma") — a aaTBinoB Kyju>Type aaJiaeTca ojian.erBope- 
aaeit Ayma, ibcto npeACraBjieaBOa a bbac 6a6o"utm, nTan>i. Anyjiea BanacaJi caaaay 
o CTpaaCTBBBX "njieBeHHOa' 1 icjioBeiecaoa Aynm, ataacAymea ocbo6oabti»cb a cjnmca 
c jno6oakio (MeraMoptpoabi, IV, 28 — VI, 24). 

"Bcjibib BXJiaflbiBaeT a 3tot TepHBB cpeAaeBeaoaoB cxoJiacxHKa aHTponoco<p- 
CKO-CBMBOJiBiecKHB cicbicJi: peajmau (usiversalia in re) cxpeiorrcH CTBTb "chmbojiom; 

591 



chkbojiok Hero? Capbiroro ■ ueppax ero BBTejuieaTyajiuaoro coaepnanaa caMoco3aaiom.e- 
ro "H", t. e. rHoceoJioraiecaa o6ocHoaaTb Teaac anocrojia Ilaajia: "He H, bo Xpacroc bo 
ime"fl"(HcTopn a y m a. C. 295). 

"Caaxui — cacreaa ApeBHeBBABBcaofi ipBJiocotpBH, paapa6aTbiaaiom.ax yieaae 
o Ilypyine ("H", lacroe coaaaaae), Koropoe, coeAanaamaci c npaapaTB (MBTepaea), 
nopoa^aer aaoatecTBeaaoCTb semea. 

14 XTOHHiecicae ayjibTbi (epn.: uhju) CBaaaau c opoaaBOABTeJibaoB (poacAaionteB) 
camoa senna a yicepnnuia'ioin.eB BOaKoacaocTuo npencnoAaea; b ^peBaea rpenaa, 
Haupauep, aro xyjivrbi XTonunecaax 6oacecTB Aana (raneca), IIepce<poBM (paa. IIpo- 
sepnaau), TexaTu a up. 

"Taflec (Aba) (ep**-: 6e3BBAHMa, aeaBAHMB, ystacHbia) — » Apeaaerpe«iecxoa 
mupojiofBa oabb as OjnaamBcaax 6on», ajiafltuta napcraa aepTBux (Abab). 

" Ilepceipona (IIpoaepBBHa) — a npeaBerpeiecKoa aacpojioraB floib 3eaca a Jlputsr- 
pu, noxameaaaa raAecoat, KOr«a oaa co6apajia aa Jiyry naeTbi. Ee nan., 6oraaa 
njionoponaa aaium, n ropecroux noacKax flOiepH aa6ujia o caoax ooxaaaaoCTax, 
a aeajno oxbbthji rojioa; noaroay 3esc pennui, hto abc Tpera h>a« Hepce$OBa 6yner 
npoBOABTfc Ha aemie c aaTepuo flearrpoH a OAay Tper* — c ranecoM-Aaaou. 3tot aai|> 
amjiaeTca oabbm aa aaaSonee Apeaaax cjoxctob ipeiecaax uaciepaa. 

IT 3eJieBMB oaer, cwc* wejrtoro a caaero naeroa, t. c, corJiacno xpoaaTaae Tere, 
coHCTaaae canoiqeco (aojiOTOro) csera a "caeca" moi, CBKaojiaaapycT a AaaaoM KOBTeacTe 
IIpapoAy, poaweHHyio cojmeiHbiM Ahojuiohom a 6orox "icpaiaoH" npeacooAHa Tanecoa. 

"Beaua nepeiacnaeT rJiamaux nepconaatea aJieaaBHCKax MBCTepaa — niaux 
kohjbucthbbmx pBTyanbHux aeBCTBBB, coBepmarontaxcB eaceroABO a Teieaae 9 naea 
ceaTaSpa a r. Bjieacaa (Arraxa), Miaaaoa cajrrajinme 6oraaa Jifiuerpwi, a caaaojiaieCKa 
aaoejpaataioiaBX noxameaae flepeecpoBM, rope J^eaerpbi, ee crpaHcrau ■ noacaax 
AOiepa, t. e. aaaeuiyio 6opb6y a TaaHyK) caaab Meatfly hcbbmm a icepTBbai Hnpou, 
<pB3B<iecKoe a nyxoaaoe o^ameaae. 

J^hobbc — a opeBHerpeTCCKOB loupojioiBB 6or atBBoa IIpapoAu, nota6aiomBB 
a BocKpecaxunaB (a Pane nomrrajica nofl aneaea Baaxa, buib Baxyca). IXoatojibKy 
b pane BB(poB ^aoaac B3o6paatanca ounw 3eaca b IlepceipOBbi (bjib 3eaca a J^eneT- 
pu), oa Taaace 6mji repoea sjieBsancBax MBCTepaa. JJajiee a cboch noaaaaaBB ^aoaaca 
Bejibta onapaerca na paooru Bai. Haaaoaa "SjuiBBcaaa pejmiaa crpaAaiomero 6o- 
ra"(1904) a "PeJiara* ^aoHaca. Ee npoacxoaweaae ■ BJiBaaae" (1905). 

"B HCKOTopbix Haa6oJiee apxaa<iHbix uaipax orpaaajiocfc "paciSTejibHoe" npoac- 
xoatAeHBe ^aoHaca, orciona ero awnvr JI,enapHT (spev.: "neptaoi"). Bejibdi aocnojit- 
aoBancji BCCJiefloaaHaea aeMenxoro yneHoro-apxeonota K. BeTTBxepa, KOTopbiB orxpuJi 
b ^BOHBce-^eaApBTe o6pas Apeaecnoa ayma, a noaroay "Saicx", ymniBBaeHua b fl«a- 
bok aoBTeKcre, mojioaob no6er ejia aa opaaABBKax ^bobbobb (uaCTepaa, aoCBarncBHbOc 
^BOHBcy), xajixjicx caiuonou "flpeaa" (pacTeaaa, b 6ojiee mapoxoa caj>icjie — ctbhob- 
JieBBi, atasHa) a exy nomionajmcb kbk T, o6HTaJIHI^y r, flynm. 

**Bejn>ni aaCTepcaa boaboabt ^arraTexu ■ a^ee reaeTBHecxoro enaHCTBa oohitu 
"pacreHae" (flpeao) a "aana'' (cTaaoBJieime, cynntcmoBaaae), KOTOpoe, aanpaaep, 
OTpaaauiocb » ceMaanace aHAoeBponeacxoro Kopaa *bhu/bheu "pacreaae, CTaaoajieHBe" 
a or BOTopoto apoaaonuia OABoaopeBHbie cjioaa: pyc: 6uti>, np.-cjiaa.: 6ujiaaa (pacxe- 
aae), aea.: bauen (crpoeTb) a Baum (flepeao) a up. Paaee a cTan>e "IlecHb BtaaHn" (c6. 
"Apa6ecKa", 1911) BeJibia paaaepayji napajuiejib "ApeBo"/"atB3iib", upencTaaBB ee 
b flayx oojiBKax ^aoaaca, noaaToro no Hamne (cbhboji uyabixajibBOB ochobbi aapa) 
a no K. Bei-raxepy (^eaflpaT — o6aTajinme nynia), cjiaaaa b eflBaoe qejioe b 6BOJiea- 

592 



ckok cauaojie paaxxoro flpeaa JKaaaa, •TBopameu atBaHeaayio (ayxoBjayjo) rapuoHmo 
6mths, o6paa uysMKajikBOB "6eaABM n (=nyx) lejioBexa a imps b cymjsocTi. Apeaaerpe- 

tecKOH UBCTCpaB "»BJna". 

"T. e. xexAy cbctok a tuiob, 6oKecTaeBBBii( Ojihmiiou, ropoa b (Deccajiaa 
(rpenaa), rne no npeflCTa»JieHJuiM ApesHax rpexoa ooBTajia 6ora, h "upainbiii" Tap- 
xapoK, napcTBOM iteprBBDC, npcBcaoaaeB, bixb« ibctmo Aaaa. 

"Meter (ip**.) — Mart. 

" Ilypnyp, nOHaaaeicMB corjiacso xpoKaTBxe Tete sax Baa6oJiee ibctmb xpacHMB 
naer, aaKJtioiaioiiQu b c«6e nejiocTaocn. a nonnory acex obc-tob, Benua coothocbt 
c BoBteciseHBOB nojmoroii (oTCWfla cpopKa mb. i.: 3jioraui>i) ■ c TpaAan.BOBHi.Qt 
aaanoBBeu nypnypa xax caanojia BMcmea caameHBOB BJiacm. 

"CorJiacHO yteaBio ^eitoxpaTa, aroiu>i (/pen. — "aep.ajiiaa.ic"), paaaoo6paaHi>ie no 
paaatepy, KOHtparypanaa ■ pacnojioweaaio yxonocTBraeiuue "<popan.i", aajunoTCJi 
crpyKTypBUUB cy6cTaanaoHajrmi.mB eABBBnaHB 6brraa, t. e. uoHaAaua (epen.: monos 

"eflBHBHa"), npBBOABMMKB B ABHKeHHC mapOBBAHbUCB BTOUaiUI OTBI, npOBBKBlOmB- 

ua noaciOAy b aBJiawmaxaca "Aymofl" bjib "paayjxoii" bcox Teji (epev.: nous ("Hyc") 

— yM, pasyu, Munuicaae). JKassb BoaHnxaeT xax peayjivraT xojiaraecTBeaBoro Baxomie- 
HBJi a onpeoeJieBBOB KoanenTpanBn nOABBBcaux oraeHBMX aTOKOB- n BycOB r ', pasiieineB- 
HMX a Txaaa Tejia. 

"0 "cbctobmx BAOJiax" ^euoxpaTa cm. npaaei. 116 K rjl. 3. 

'TepaKJiBT nojiaraeT oroab (pyBAaiceBTOJibHUH Bakajioic 6utbh, bs KOToporo bo3- 
HBXaiOT a b KOTopoe BoaspainaiOTca ace aema a cooTaeTCTBan c oco6iw "pasyuKUK" 
paTHOu b uepoa, t. e. Jlorocou. 

" CnapaTyajia3u, MOBaAnaM, abbbmbsk Bejitm BBTepnpeTBpyer b abbbou xoBTex- 
cre xax Tpa nonxona ■ noHauaoHio »««» (bcbboh npapoAfci) a ApeBHerpeiecxoB 
HaTypcpajiocofpaa: 1) eAanaa npapoAa, npOBHsaHHaa cBeTOK-nyxoii (spirit — Ayx); 
2) coBoaynBOCTb "mobba" — aTOUOB-oycoa JJenoxpaTa; 3) "TexyinB" (nmmwiMi) 
paTM-Jioroc repaajiBTa. 

** Mbctbtockbm peanaaKOH Bejiua naaMaaeT ctbahio cpeAHeaexoBOa cxojiacTBKB 
(ae pasACJiaa b AaaaoM KOBTeKcre t. aaa. cpeAHeaexoBBiB "peajiBau" a "aoicHHajiHau"). 
OnpeAeJieaae doao6bob "cxojiaeTBiecxoa peaJUBOCTa" on abct a II c t o p a a a y m a. 
"Ecjib Spark peajiuocTuo caiiMB npamnui nponecca CTaaOBJieBHi see paaao «iero 

MMCJIB JIB, BBAOB JIB, BHABBBAyyUOB JIB, TO OB peBJICB Be B OCo6b, BC B BBABBBAyyiCe, 

ae b cymnocTHOM 6trraa OTAejitaocrea, a bhchbo b psAe ueTauopip03 <...). Cnop 
o peajibBOCTB bjib appeaJikHocTa Bxea (cnop peajiHCTOB b aoicHBajiBCTOB. — if. JI.) 6i>iji 
cnopox o peOMMOcmu tduHoAunuoeo u KtoSuf e*o, npaieu uoa eAHHOJiHiHtm, "tiniytimnny- 
ajnaeihmac'' BOuaaajmcTOB b "o6meammi«" peajiacxoB ce6« paacBBBJia 6ecnouoiinio 
MbiCJOb BhipaaBTii nOBHTaew npeACTaaJieoBe o uejiou aaa Hepa3JioaaMoa KOKnJieace 
kboisx eABHCTBeBBOCTeB, 6brrae KOTopbix Heao3KoacBO aae iiejioro" (C. 2S8). IIocTBraeT- 
c« noAo6aaa peajibsocTb, cmraeT Bejn>di, c nouom>io imcxaiecKoro onbrta: hum 
MacTB«oB-' , peajiBCTOB" "om.iT BayTpa "H" KopeaaTca a ontrre aep^i scero uepKOBHoro 
KOJlJieaTaaa: peajiasa tojh>ko a nepitBB r ' (C. 291); MaCTBKa-"HouaHajiHCTi.i r ' 8btohoub3b- 
pyiOT "onbiT Bepyiomero, bot 3toio H, bc qepKOBBoro b caoeit cymecTse, nocxeneHHO 
BbDCOABT B3 paaoi qepKBB..." (tbii ace). IIocKOJiucy sra xaCTB<iecKaB peajitHocn., 
eorJiacBO BeJioay, ecn. "»aaBaa" qejiocraocrfc, to ob c6jmacaeT ee c KTeacKOB Hfleefi 
"opraBBHecaoro qapcraa". 

"PowAeHBe "aanapHsua" Bejibm CBjUbiaaeT c "jiaaaea ApacTOTejia", y KOToporo 
"cyiHHOCTb" "BAaBJiBaaeTca b BHABBBAyaJU>Beiimee' 1 < npoaBJiHerca xax "awA"BMAyajib- 

593 



Heamaa qoaochobs oabixa" (Hciopn nymm. C. 254 — 255). ynoKBaaeiuie ace 
b AasHOM Konreacre Kjibbahb Tajies m PoAatep Baaoa apoaojiataioT TpaAanaa apa- 
crorejieacKoa c]>bjioco$bb: rajiea, aaaaeHBTMB span ppeaaoctm, nocrpoaJi Ha ocaoBe 
crpororo apacTOTejieBCaoro TeJieojioraaaa rpanAaoaayio caCTeaaTaaanHio BOBKpeTHoro 
(sMjuapHiecaoro) aaaaaa b paaxax iieABOHBbi; PoABtepa Baaoaa — BOKuajmcra (t. 
e. "nceBflO-apHCTOTejmaBna bjib ^eBOueaasiBCTa". — C. 255) — Bejn.iB xapaaTepaayeT 
sax 3MimpBxa aayTpa MacTBiecxoB ctbabb: "...noACTaaoBaa bbctbbb boa ouht 

■ onura boa aacTaay mm bhabm (...) b Tpyflax PoABtepa Baaoaa, aoTopbia, 
oCTaaaacb b yuaaa o BHyTpeBHeu onuTe MBcraaoit, BuayatAeB, cnacaa aBToaoiuio 
sroro onura ot pannoBajiaaanaB peanacTOB, ctpopuyxtapoBaTb ibcto aayvaue npeA- 
CTaBJieaaa; a aao6opoT: craBOBaCb b yieBna o lyBCTaeBaoa ouun nepsua BayubU* 
aeroAOJloroa XIII croJieTaa, BbmyacAeo, cnacaa aBTOBOUBio sroro onura or apa- 
botojikob 6ecno<meHHOa paccyaoiHOCTB, pacmapan BOHarae 06 outre, BKJDOHaB 
b aero onur BByrpeBBBa a bbas nejioe onuroa aaa BBcraiecayio peajiufocTb" 
(C. 258—259). 

" Haeerca b Ba«y TpaaxaT Opancaca BaaoHa "Hobub OpraBOB*' (1620), roe pana- 
oaanuiaa nepepa6oTaa (paaroa onura onpeaejiaerca aaa rjuasaa saAaia Bayaa. 

" IIoaoSbuh "BaTypajiBCTBvecaaa BOJnoHTapaaa" Eejiua bbxoabt b menu 
XII b., Boropaa n ae yxJiaAtiaaerca b cxeay meajieaitfl cbctcm aucjia Ha boubhb^bsm 
a peajiaaa (.-X OHa cbjibtcb 6un» caaocrbio <...). B aaCTaae aroro nepnoAa, — muuer 
Bejibm b "HcTopaa nymi", — A<uia aaepraa OTpaaan. ae caxyio Ubicjn. bjib 
lyaCTBO, a BtMieaoa aunyjibc coaBaaaa (."X* **t <rro B nocjieayioinnx crojieraax (a 
ocoocbbo b XDC b.) aaaawr o cefie aaa BOjnoHTapaaa, b XII b. yate HaneiaeTca (...): Bona 

■ onury a a ero ocoanaaaio. BHeceaae bojib b umcju. — aaT coaBaaaa, Becuta 
xaparrepHUH on* cafetocosBaionwB Ayma a npon.ecce ee SMaBCHnanaa ot paccyaaa" 
(C. 285 — 286). Cp. xapaaTepacTaay caaocoaHauna, AaHayio Bejibia (npaaei. 37 a in. 2). 

" HanajiMua crpo<pa ctbx. "3eiuia" (1908). 

" HeToiaaa bbt. ctbx. "Ha «rro bu, abb..." (c6. "Cyaepaa", 1842). 

"B ApeaaeipeiecKoa hji4>ojiotbb npeapacHMa nacryx IaBaiteA 6hji noxanten 
3eacoa, npeapaTBanuacca b opjia, a yaecea aa Ojibiui, roe bcuojibjui o6a3aaaocTB 
BBaoHepnaa. 

"Haeerca b BBAy KaaT, aoToporo Beaua, onapaacb aa BccjieAOBaaae C. H. 
Tpyoenaoro "Ocbobbbbs BAeaJiaaaV (1896), curraeT ocaoBaTCJieM coapeueHaoro "jjo- 
raaaa n , oTapuaniBBi, «rro "npocTpaBCTBO a apeica, 3Ta ooxearBBBaa, yBBBepcajupaaa 
tpopaa aBJieHaa, ecrfc a to ace Bpeica BAeaJn.saa tpopaa cymero: cbui, aBneaaa ecTi, 
jiorBiecaaa CBaab" (Tpy6a^to& C. H. Coi. C. 604). Bejn>ia xopomo aaaji aounneac bach 
Tpyoeqaoro, tbk aaa a ceaTa6pe — A»a6pe 1904 r., 6yAy^a cTyAeaToa BCTopaao-<|>BJio- 
jioraiecaoro (JjaayjibTeTa Mocaoacaoro yaaBepcaTeTa, peaTopoa aoToporo 6tw Tpy6eq- 
(oh, pa6oraji b ero aayvBoa ceaaaape. 

"Bcjica aa C. H. Tpy6en.«HM Bejn»ia BMeayeT Heaemcaa aJiaccaiecaaa BAeannau 
"^oraiecaHU BAeajuuaoa". "OrapbrTae aAeaJiaaaa, — curraeT Tpy6enKoa, — cocToaflo 
ae b Toa, hto AefiCTBBTeJibaocTb ecTB npaapaiBoe cy&beaTHBBoe npeACTaBJieaae, a b tom, 
ito oaa ecTb acraaaoe o&beaTHBHoe, yaaBepcajikBoe npeACTaBaeaae; ae a tok, ito oea 
ecrb mbcto nCBXOJioraiecKoe aBJieaae, a b tok, tto oaa oSycjioaJieaa JioniHecaau 
aaaoHoa, o6aaaTejiuu>a< nnm Bcxaoro cosaaaaa, nam acaaoa Mticjia. Cbjisi, ueatfly 
BBemBBKa aBJieHaaaa ae aoater 6brrb opocTOa ncaxonoraiecaoB acconaanaeB: osa 
o&beBTBBHa, bo b to ace apeaa OHa udtaMHa. Hraa, aajieHaa aaxoAarca ae a ncaxojiorB- 
lecaoa, a b Jjoiaiecaofl csasa aeacAy co6o«o, t. e. a tbbob cbbsb, aoropaa o6i.eaTBBua 

594 



■ cy&MBTBaaa ■ oabo a to ate apea*. /^tucm*um*M>Mocmb, o6i>eKTHBHbiB up, cymecTBy- 
■omna a 6ecnpen<uibBOK npocTpaacTBe ■ Bpeaceaa, aueer mhuh»ckb» hohoao" (TpyoeuMHi 
C. H. Co*. C. 605). 

11 Ilapajuiejib utamy ApeBBeaaAaacKOB ^ajiocotpaea, npeacAe acero BenanTOB (aAec*: 
"■HTyaTHBHSu"), ■ aeuemcBK BAeajiaaMOM (3Aeci»: "aBTyBTBBBbia Jioraau") mcuu nonyjupaa 
> aooxy Bejioro. C. H. Tpy6enroa, aanpaucp, ciaraer, «rro "i Hbabb nojioateao aepsoe 
ocaoBaaae BAeajracrBiecKoa (panocotpaa: anepBue a6cojiK)THoe BceeAaacTBo 6mjio coaaaao 
agecb mi AyxoBBoe aaiajio" (TpyBetficou C. H. Coh. C. 681). Bcjimb cootbocbt boctohhoc 
ywn o 6paxaaae ■ amine (cm. ABJiee) c BAeea ToawecTBa cySuna ■ o6MKTa ■ aeMenxoa 
KJiaccnecaoa BAeajiB3Me. Atmbb (aama cymBocn,, "caicocn.", t. e. a6cojnoTBMa cyfrberr) 
AocTaaunc nana npaKmecKB, a OTOBCAecTBJieaae c 6paxuaaou (aocojrjoTBbiM AyxoaaMM 
aaiajioa acero cymero) aoaaoatBo tojimco sax npamraecBoe tumaaae c bbm. Bocto<qumb 
"marywtumaau" bctj. nyTb npajCTBiecxoro MBCTBiecxoro onura. Oajiococpaa se sanaAaoro 
"■BtyaniBBSMa" (■ a*bbom KOBTeKCTe Bejibia aaecT u aa«y neueaua KJiaccavecaaB 
■neajDUBi), KOTopaa paccMaTpaaaer noA<>6noe tokacctbo, acxona b3 o6nteB jioraHecKoa 
ocaosbi, cajc babbctbo "npnnnana noBBMaaa* (bjib non*Taa) c MapoaMM npaHoanoM 
(upamanoa Mapa)" (Tpy6etpeou C. H. Co*. C. 619), AononaaeT "BBTyaaaHi'' "jioraaMoic". 

"BeAaarra — CBCTCMa ApeaaeBBABBCKOB cpBJiococpHB, paapa6aTuaaiom;aji yqeaae 
o opaxaaae ■ antaae (TOxcAecTae cy&bexTa b o&keara); (pajiocofpcxaa ocaoaa BBAyaaMa. 

"Beau — ApeaBeBmna naMXTBBK bbabbckob pejiaraoaBOB mmcab (bob. 2 Tbic. 

— BB1. 1 TbIC. ao B. 9.). 

"Hkioerca a aaAy acMenKaa xjiacca-recKHB BAeajiaaM. 

41 BojnoHTapaCTCKB opaeBTBpoaaBaaa <pajiococpBa 6ecco3BaTejrjkaoro IHoneBrayapa 
paapa6aTboiaeT 0TA&m»Bue nojioaceaaa ApeBaeaBABBCKOB cpHJiococpHa. B "3a6jieMaTBice 
CBbicjia" Bejibix nOAiepaaaaeT, «rro "aeTacpBaaaa IQoneBrayapa <...> aaJiaeTca Teo- 
peTBHecKBM npeAAaepaea k "BeAaaTe" (Cixiojiiiic. C. 40). IIo3Hte aMaTepaajie 

■ Baorpatpaa, xacaacb bx>ju — aarycTa 1897 K>aa, ob CBaaceT caoe "oTapbrrae" 
DIoneBrayapa bmchho c ero 6jiaaoCTbX> k boctovbob epaJiocotpCKoa TpaAanaa: "...caaoe 
rjnaaoe coobrrae Moei BayTpeaaeB ataaaa, 3to Aaace ae <pajioco<pcKoe oTapoBCBae, 
a OTKpbme, t«k caaaaTb, nyra acaaBa, KOTOpua aae CTajia 4>BJioco<paa DIoneBrayapa 
<•••)• yaaflea, <rro anarpaip ■ 3Toay Toay ("Map <aa bojix b npeACTaBJieaae". — H. JI.) 
aocxaaJiacT BeAaaTy, crojn. hbob jno6aMyio, pemaio, tto 3to aaeaBO to, ito aae ayacao 
<■••)» >*oe BeAaaaee TaroreBBe k Bocroay, ■ BeABBTe a k Teocotpaa, aoe yaneveaae 
JntrepaTypoa o cnapaTaaae onarb-Taaa o&bHcaeno une; a IDonenTayape aaacy a coe- 
ABBCBBe Bocroaa a 3anaAa; aaiea Teocoipaa, 6yAAB3U, Hbabx, xorAa ace ijcohoctb 
Bocroaa anarbi a 3anaA monearayapa" (Maayamee. Bbin. 9. C. 453). 

"BepoaTBO, peib babt o (pajioco(pBXX 6ecco3BaTejn>noro A. IQoneHrayapa a 
9. rapmaaa, KOTopue a ary snoxy aocnpanaaajuici, hoa anaxoa aeccaicB3bia a ar- 
BOCTaoaaua. 

"Bejibia aaeeT a aaAy anocTOjia Ilaana, aaxopa 14 nocjiannB a Hobob 3aaere, 
■OTopbia craji nocjiCAOaaTenea Xpacra ae a peayjibTaTe jminoro ynenH-iecTBa, xaa 
Apyrae anocrojiu, ao nepeacaa aayrpeaaee "aBAeane" Xpacra no Aopore a mauaca. 
DoAoSaaa cnoco6aoCTb ■ npaarnnecKOMy n pacnmpeHax> cosaaaaa", "npeoflOJieBBio 
janaocTa'', aaa sto onpeAeJiarr Bejn»ia, c6jia»ajia Ilaajia c BBAaacKBaa ayApeKaaa, bo 
yaeaae "aaBTBCb" aaeaBO ao Xpacre CAejiajio ero bctbhiu.im anocrojioa xpaCTaaBCTaa 
(cm. 06 stom naaji Jiexnaa niTeaaepa "BxaraaaAraTa a uocjianaa anocTOjia IlaBJia"). 
Bejiua BMeayeT Ilaana "anocrojioM caMoccjaaHaa", KOTopbia caor "aa tnybua caoero 
junaoro onbira paaaarb yieaae o tom, ito bo bcbkom H acaaeT "ae H, a XpacToc", 

595 



m <...) ■ tskom napoAOKcajibHOU cnocooe w.tob "H" He tojimco hc pacTBopaeTca, ho 
pacrer ao Xpacre, aajiaa o6paa ■ noAoSae BToporo ksk 6m Hacyca" (IIcTopmji 
nyatm. C. 57). Ero aepa, CHBTacr BejiMB, ocHoaana hi "rHoaHce caaonoaHaHaa, 
npeAnojiaraiomero aoauB AymeaHua opraa, HeaeAOifMa jhoabx no xpacTaaHCTaa, ■ ator 
opraa a IlaaJie — caMocoaaaioinaa flyma" (C. 70). TpiAymee xpacTaaHCTao" BejiMB 
oassMaaer BMeaao o hoao6bmh "rnoaHcoM", AOcryoHUM a Synymea nawflOMy *eJioaeay. 

M Pc^b BAer o fieacaoa maojie pouaHmatta a repaaaBB (1798 — 1801), KOTopai 
nUTajiack ocymecTBSTb ayinrypBua caaTea sananooro cpeAHeaeKOBOro Hfleajia ■ aoc- 
Tmaoa menu (Hoaajmc, JI. Tbb, 6pana IQjierejiB, $. Dlneaepuaxep ■ up.). 

**0 "rojiy6on nBeTKe" Hoaanaca npaaex. 136 k wi. 3. 

M y«eaae o Codma (epet.: "ny«pocTk"), paapa6oTaHHoe a mxojie Apnmx iboctbkob 

■ aocnpajUToe pyceaoa cotpHO/ionea Bji. CoJioaieaa, C. H. Byjiraaoaa ■ II. A. 
ftjiopeacaoro bobbkbjio Co<pBX> (Rymy naps) aaa nocpenHaqy aeatAy Borou m TBopeaa- 
•K (cm. Tante upauei. 8 hbct. rji.). B CTane "Die Antroposophie und Riualand" BejiMB 
OTKeiaer, tto a yieaaa eranercKHX ihoctbkob "o naAeaaa Cocpaa ■ 06 ycrpeiuieaHOCTB 
Ee AOtepa AxaaoT ■ aucmeicy coAepatBTca Hc-ropm CTaHoajieHU aapa a 6yAymero 
ocao6oatAeHH> lejiOBCUCTaa 6jiaroAapa nosHamoo" (pyc. nep. "AaipoBOCodnui ■ Poc- 
c»a" // H JI O. 1994. JA6 9. C. 172). Oco6emoe saaveHBe aueeT una BeJioro a aroa caaaa 
BCTopaocodiHa Cojioabeaa, a KOTopoa Coduu — lejioae^ecTBO (aejiuroe cymecno) 

■ OABoapeneHHO J3,ym* aapa — "BOiaaxaeT aaa Haiajio caKonoaaaaaa, ofoeAaaaioinero 
saaaaa pa&npooJieaHMe a aaaaae nejiuaoe (...); a Keu m>i — aonjiomeHHaa 6oacecTaeH- 
aaa mucjib". flfln Benoro aaatao nofliepaHyri., «rro "ao aamero apeaeHB ctpepa CcxpHB 
6buia TpaHcneHAeaTajibHoa ccpepoa; a ayjivrype coaaaaH* (noaaToa aaTponocodicKa. 

— H. JI.) Coipaa BHttaHCHTHa ooaaaaaio'' (xaic ace). CoOTaomeaaio Cocpaa a Jloroca 
Bejaia nocaamarr cranio "0 Cod>BB-BpeMyApocTB n (1910-e «.), a KOTopoa, ccunaacb 
aa "nepecewnae Itae c rerejieM", Aaamee "opraaaaa hobob mmcjib, r«e noHi-ru, 
ofipaau, cacreuM cyn. <...) opraui: patau eAaaoro Cymecraa, HeiaaaoaKa'', a tup 
"jionnca" aoaaeAeaa a "cymaocn", t. e. CTaaoaaica Jlotocoa, ae "aficTpaKTSbni, 
paccyAouuM npaHnanoa", a "SKaabiat OpraHHaMou'', — saKmouer: "CapaBeAJnuo 
aosTOKy Cojiobmb aaauaaer tbkob opraaHaK — JSynoA Mapa, CocpaeH" (OP P T B. <D. 
25. K. 37. Ea. xp. 5. 12 on.). Taaaa o6paaou, Codiaa a abbhok KoaTeKCre npaoopeTaeT 
iHaieaae oco6fcia o6paaoat yctpoeaHoro saaHaa — Jloroca, "rnoaaca", "oopaaa-abicJiH", 
amneaaoto a aaapoaocae (apapoAe) aaa "nejitnoe iejio«e>iecTBo", a a HHKpoKocae 
(c<pepe eoaaaaaa a nosBaaaa) aaa aaTpoaocodna (Taaace npHue^. 47 a wi. 2). 

"TaT TBaH aca (cttHCKp. tat twam assi — "to tm eca") — ipopuyjia, BbipasaioiKaa 
ToacAecTBO cy6*e«Ta a o6%eKTa a BBAaficKoa cpanocotpaa (HxaBAOMka-ynaaaniaAa, VI, 
12). BejikiH a crane "Kpaaac co3aaaaa a reapaa H6ceH" aepeaoABT am. cjioaa caa "H 

— imo nu" (C a k b o ji a a m. C. 224). Ban. Haanoa noacaaer any djopayjiy cjieAyioniaH 
oSpaaoa: ".. jto (aaeaao, aaawbia oTAejn.Hi.iH BHAaaaAyya) — m (can)" (HtoHO* Bah. 
Co6p. cm. Bpioccejifc, 1971. T. 1. C. 861). 

** BeJiMa nepeiHCJiaer aaeaa cpBJiococpoa Map6yprcaoB a BaAeHcaoa HeoKaBTaan- 
caax nntoji (npaaei. 11 a m. 4). 

*' flanee BeiiMB Bcaojn>3yeT on* coocTBeHHtix pejiefi HaaaaHaa hdcoji cpeAHeaeKo- 
bob cxoJiaCTBBB: peajiaaa paccuaTpaaaji yaaaepcajiaa (o6nnte noHaraa a hacb) aaa 
peajiaB, aoMaaajiaaK aaAeJi a yaaBepcajiaax HHena (torn.: nomen — bum). 

" Realia (Aom.) — peaJitnoe, peajiBnocn.. 

*' Pe«n, BAeT o flayx OHTOJiora^ecKHX caCTeuax: MOHadoAoeu* ToTdipHAa Bajarejiuca 
Jleaoaaqa — yveaae o aaaaayTux, aarawEpix (t. e. HaaeaaionDixca) flyxoBHiix cy6- 

596 



CTaHKHHX; ■ "ptaMiSM," Horaaaa <X>pHApHxa rep6apra — yienne o "peajiax", Be<nu>ix 
AyxoBHbix cymecTBax, noxoatax Ha "aoHaflbi" JleaSHana, bo aenoaaaBaemx, aaa 
"bcdq, b ce6e" Kaara. 

"0 H. 4>0Jiuceji]>Te cm. npmieH. 42 k tji. 4. 

" Heuenaaii (pajiocodj-aeoKaHTHaaen, TepxaB Korea ocbobob (popuapoBBHaa mum- 
jieaaa ciaTaeT "ihctoc nepsoaaiajio" (nepBOBCTOiHHit); Taxau BCXOABbnc ajieaeHTOii oh 
HaauaaeT "panaoHajibaoe" BOBarae 6ecKOHe<iBO uajioro. 

"Pmacepr c«tHTaer, ito Aaaaaa b coaaaBaa Ae&crBBTejibBOCTb mcuaBeaTHa coana- 
bbk>. Ho cymecTayer tbkkc b o6i>eKTHBHaji, HeaaBBcaaaa ot cy6te«Ta bctbbb — He/jo- 
CTynaoe BoaBBBBK) TpaHcn.eaAeBTaoe, t. e. MeTa<pB3Bxa, B3ytaiomaji o&beKTBBHbie 
saKOBbi 6uraa, aayiaximaa TpaacqeaAeHTByio peajuaocTb, rax. rait oaa eABBeraeHao 

O&bCKTBBBa. 

"JKypaan "Jloroc", aaaaTeJUMB KO-roporo 6biJia rpynna (pajiococpOB (6. B. Hkobch- 
ko, <1>. A. Crenya, C. H. recces), nponaraHAHpoaaBiiiBX h paaBBBaBmax b Poceaa ba«h 
HeoK«BT>aBcna, bldcoabji a 1910 — 1913 rr. b iumroB3AaTejitcTBe "My carer". 

"BOraexe Bejioay MeTHep cootbocbt TepKBB ™KOHcna:eBBH3u n c bobbtbcm 
"KOBcn.BeBnBOHajm3i(" bjib "KOHcnHeHnHajiH3u", rn.meneoBi.ju Beicenxaii <paJioco<pea 
BBBAejlb6aBAO>t, h saUNaer no aroiiy noaoAy, <tto "pyccaaa JHo6ouyAp" Bopac Haoaea- 
ko, aa cTBTba KOToporo Bejitm ero aaBMCTBoaaJi, "yapeaaeT b "itOHcnBeanasae", t. e. "a 
ooOBcecTBJieBHH lenoBeiecicoro co3aaBaa" Boo6me bck> {aoayio?) (pfljiocodnno, bkjho<uui 
(bjib aa*aaaa: c?) Kaara, Torna aaa BaBAeJii>6aBA ycTanaBJiHBaeT "KOBcnaeHnaa/uisii" 
b coapexeBBOB, t. na3. "aMMaaeBTaoa dnuiococpaa", b "hoboh (pajiocotpaa AeacTBaTejii.- 

BOCTb", B 3UnHpBOKpBTBnB3Be, B BbDCOfl OTCX>Aa BBAHT BMeBBO B nOBBTHB DpeAMCTa 

noaaaaaa:, aaa oho Aano camm Kbhtom. KoncaaeanaajiaaM: paaBajica, bo BaHAeJH-SaaAy 
(Einleitung in die Philosophic, 1914. S. 228), H3 yremia o ToatflecTBe 6mthb h noaaaaaa, 

HO TBJC, "TTO OB BpBHXJI (sUeCTC C OTpBIfaBBell BUSH B Ce6e) C06cTBCHHO QOSHTHBHCTCKyiO 

oxpacKy. OcTaaJiaa hocjicahioio b cropoae, Moarao cxaaaTfc, «rro to, «rro AaApea Benua 
npomutonocmtujuiem "KOHcnaeBnaauy" (kohu oaaaiuBaioci., KoaeiHO, aapa»ea a a), ecn> 
tbk»c csoero pona yieaae o ToatAecTBC 6mtbx a coaaaafla, bb aoro 6m AaApea Bejiufi 
npa stoic aa onapanca: aa naTary aa ctbtui coBpeueaaoro pyccaoro jnoooityApa asia aa 
BfcmepatKB aa npeBBHX 6ece« ExaraaaT-rHTbi" (JI. 122 — 123). 

"3ra aa nepaua aarjuiA Baemaaa aaajioraa npaoGperaeT TJiy6oKaa ciibicji, ecna aa 
aee BarJiaayTb b KOBTeacre Hcropafl nyma, ipe Bejn.ni xpao pacapyiaBaeT ciowbt 
o "noare, (pBJiocotpe, Ka66ajiacTC, Teojiore, uaccnoaepe, uyieaBKe" XTTT b. PaaMyane 
Jlyjuiaa (C. 372): "...oh b mojioaocth — (poHTan jno6oBBbix aaaanop: paa, pacaajieaauB 
CTpacruo, npecjienya Aauy cepAaa, oa aaSbmaerca no Taxofi creneaB, «rro ai>e3acaeT aa 
aea b xpaii aa kohc!.. Oaa, AOBeAeaaaji no OTiaaaaa ero BacToaqaBOCTuo, anpyr 
paccTerHaaer cbob aopcaac a noaa3tiBaeT eicy rpyAi>, o6e3o6pa»eBayio paxou, "rro6bi 
OXJlBABTb ero nbui; oa, nopaaceHHtw, aaa rpouoa, paeT see co cbobm nponuibivt; SpocaeT 
ABop, pocaonn. <...) yAajiaerrca aa Bbicoayio ropy, Tro6bi aa Bepmaae ropbi, b hojibou 
yeABBCBBB, OTAasaTbc* acxeae, aayae, uojiqaaaio <(...); oabb ciBTaiOT ero eperBxoic, 
Apyrae lyri. jib ae cbbtmh <...), b Tyaace ero Bacuepn. no6aBaiOT Kanxuaia" 
(C. 267 — 268). H Aajiee BejibiH oTueqaeT, <rro "3to conieflmaa c yva cava paccyAOinaa 
Ayma" (C. 372) "paaaepTiraaeT b XIII b. tpaaTaclcaropaio cboch ikh3hh" (C. 267). Tajcau 
o6paaow, b A>aa0M KOHreaCTe a Jlyjuiaa, B KanT — npeacTaBBTeJia anoxa paccyAOiaoa 
nyma, b no3naBaTejibHOM Beayuaa pBymefica b cBHTaa cbbtbix — b xpaa-paaya, 
B KOToptiB cnocoBaa nonacTb jiann. coaaaKuqaa ce6a Ayma aamea anoxa. 

" Nonsens (Aam. : non — ae + sens us — cmucji, paayic) — 6eccia.icjieHHOC-ra>, BejieaaDia. 

597 



" Cnncyjinw* — aAeci»: aoCTpaarBoe paccyatAeaae. 

"Cm.: 3. £L»6ya-PeaMOH. TpaaaqM noaaaBaa npapoAu" ("Grenaen des 
Naturerkennena"). 

•' Cp.: Hh. 18:38. 

**Pe*k «flei o pacBBTaa XpacTa ■ Ero aocapeceaaa aa Tperaa Aeai». 

** Ajimosu aa ojioaa UaJiara, o6pamwmfcte a Hacycy Xpacry: **Ht6 ecm> arcana?" 
(Ha. 18:38). 



MABA UJECTAfl. PyflOJlbfl) UJTEflHEP M — KAHT, nETE, rErEJlb. 
rWATOH, MflEH, OflblT, OPTAHMKA, MMP BHEUJHMfl, MMP BHyTPEHHMfl 
(flPH/IOXEHHE) 

' Haeerca a aajty cJie«yiomee aecro aa aaam Meiaepa: "DlTeaBep npaa, ae oven 
bmcoko oneaaaaa (boaoSbo Haqmn) acTopaaa a 6ecnjiOAaoe caHooTpeveaae cnamaoM 
"oGmbtbbbmoc" auiarareJiea a anaaeomicaTejiei: oh xoict paccMaTpaaaTb Jiam> tc 
cropoau eyiqecTBa TeTe, aoropue c BeooxoAauocruo aajuxrr ce6a *eo, fflTeaaepa, 
aafijwwaionHaiy atopy, aanpaaaaammy ero cymecraoif . Oyer* raa, bo Toroa npaxoAar- 
ea aayajUTMsa Toay, caojik aaoroe a aapoaosspeaaa Tere ae aaxeteoo stbm aaopon, 
a aa orMmeaaoro, caoiifc aaoroe apaaoroJiBoaaBo" (Piiiumitiii o r«T«. 
C. 512—513). 

'Mm opaaoAaii aeei> nocrpampiaua "peracxp" Bejioro. 

'Beci. naparpaip — jiarepaTypaaa arpa c o6paaaaa onepaoa leTpajioraa Baraepa 
"Kojn.no HlrSejiyara" (npaae*. 166 ■ mi. 3), r«e Sypafcie coGuraa, asHeaaainae xoa 
BOTopaa, paaaopaxaaaioTca aoapyr npaaaflJieatamero aapjuacy-aa6enyary Ajn>6epaxy 
aojioiofo aojiuta, oojiaAaamero uoamt6auu cbobctbom — yaaoatan BoraTcrao, ao 
npaaacamero npoajiame Toicy, bto an BJiaAeer. 

4 Jlore — Acierayiomee jmno TeTpajioraoa Baraepa "Kojimo IbrfejiyHra", Jiyaaaua 
6or orua, aoropbdl yroaapaaaeT Boraaa noXBTUTk BOjnneoHoe kojujjo aapjiaxa Ajji- 
Sepaxa. MeTaep AaJi MXpojiorniecaaJI aaajia3 aaraepoacBoro Jlore a craTke "Ha6pocaa 
a aoajraaTapaio", noaenteaaoa a pasAene "BaraepBaaa" acypaana TpyAM a abb" 
(1913. J6 1 — 2. C. 21 — 23); SACCb oa orMeiaeT: "Bca neju. aoaapaux peiea Jlore a tom, 
*to6m aesaneTao Boa6yABTk a 6orax xaaury aojiora a Do6yABn> ax a BOxameaBio 
BocJMAaero, t. e. a BecnpaaeAnaaocTa a a bbcbjibio" (C. 22). 

*IIoao6bub eeaaBTBHecaaa paA "Jloroc — Jioraaa — Jlore — Luge" (him.: jioati>) 
Bonus BhicxpaaaaeT eme pas a npyroa aoareacre a o6%acaaer: "Kocaaiecaaa OTBomeBB- 
xh Jloroca a Xaocy, 6paaoa bx Moatm aaianca uocuoctxpaiecaoe BoapoBtAeaaecoaBaaBa 
a aaxpoBOCoipmecBOM; apaacaee; aaaxe jioraaa ooepaerca b aaar Jloit, a Jlore ectk 
"Luge", bob — «nu>"(BocnoKigaaii o fijioie. C. 41). noAo6aaa caa3j> bucks 
Jlore co BoorBMB aopaava Beaenaoro aauxa 6una oivneu causa MeTaepoa a ynouauy- 
tob auine CTane atypaana Tpy«ki a abb". CpeAB npovero oa caaabiaaeT aarBepoacaoro 
Jlore (6ora "jiata a oraa") c Me(pBCTO(|)ejieB (caiiaojiBSBpyioiKBa cajiy OTpaKaaaa, 6e3 
■o-ropol BeaoaKoatao paaaane: y Baraepa 6ea aoaapcTaa Jlore BeaosMoxea "saaaT 6oroa" 
a, aaaiBT, AaJiuieamee paaaaTae acTopaa), a flame c JlranKpepoM (bo Meraepy, ana 
eaaaABaaacaoro npoo6pa3a aaraepoacaoro Jlore — 6ora Jloaa "ecTt yaopoveaae a acaa- 
Keaae Jlyaacpepa"). Taaaa o6pasoM, BHeaao or MeTHepa Bejraa nojiynaeT acxoAafcia 
tojiiok fljia aHTponouxpCKoa "jiioivacpepBiecKoa" okcbbb Jlore, a rorfla "orpHijaTeJii.- 
aaa" Jioraaa aroro Bepcoaaata noiryxaer AeBc^raBTeJiUfO orpaitaTejiuibDi 3aaa. 

S98 



' Alberaheit (k«m.) — aejienocn., aypaiecrBO. 

'In medias re* (Mm.: 6yaa. b cepeflnny aemea) — b cauyio cyn, acjib. 

* nioneorayap cihtuji ce6a yieHHjcoii a hcthbhldi nocjieaoBaTejieM cdbjiococdhb 
Kurra. 

* Bot Kajc 06 3toh ace ramn Bejwi a "3ic6jieuaTHJce citucjia": "...H3yienne aaaoaoB 
oopasoBaaa* bobbtbb aBJiaerca ■ to ace Bpeua aayieaaett; aaaonoB o&ieKTHBHoro Smtbui; 
6i>rrae ciaBOaaxca cpopxoa bmcjib; ODOCBOaaBae 3-roro nojioaceaaa a coapeMeBBoa 
Teoperaiecaofi mucjib opaHaAJieacaT PaaaepTy. Bmtbb, 00 PaaxepTy, ecTj. cpopua 
3K3BCTeBKaajxbnoro cyacAena*" (Ciicbojibiu. C. 37). 

"Gleichnis (h»m.J — noAoSne. IIonyjiapBaa a cpeAe pyccaax chmbojibctob 
aJtmoaau aa cjiobb MacrBxecaoro Xopa 3axmo<orreJUHoa caeabi TparenHW Ten 
"OaycT": "AUes Vergangliche ist nur ein Gleichnis" ("Bee npexOAamee tojiuco 
nodeoW). 3jinac aaauaaeT 3th cjiobb "miaccHiecKoa tpopuyjiOB Fere" a na.tr caoa 
nepeaoa: "Bee npexoaamee jima cumioa" (9amu. Pyccane chmbojibctm. C. 16). 
B abbbok KOHxeacTe, BecoiraeBBO, ayacao ytBTuaaTk BMeBHo canBOJiaiecKBa cmmcji 
cjiobb. 

"TpaBCiteBAeHTaJibnaa screTaaa KaHTa — paaaeji "KpBTaaa iHcroro pa3yica", 
a KOTopoit acTeraaa nonHicaeTca a cbock B3Ba<Mun>B0M aaateHHH aax nayaa 
o lyacTaeaHOK noaaanaB luipa ■ b BOTopoM Kara HccjienyeT anpnopaue cpopio>i 
lyBCTBCBHOCTB (npocTpaacTBO a apeiu); monearayapoBcaaa acTeraaa, > aoTopoa oh 
nepeocMutuBUi OTAeJD>m>ie bacb KaHTa, — nayxa o xyAoacecTBeBBou nosaanBa. 
B cxaTte "Cmmcji ecxyccTaa" (1909) Bbjimb OTueiaeT "...caH3i, cymecTByiomyio 
neacAy "lycmieHHUM" coaepacaaaeu acaycCTaa (ojiotmo ero) a cpopuaMH vyacraeB- 
boctb (npocTpaBCTBOM bjih Bpetteaeu)" (Ckkiojiisu. C. 110). "Bcaaaa acreTHKa 
ecTb erne a Tpancn.eaAeBTaju.Haji scTeTaaa a aaBToacaoM cuucjie, to cctk oaa mceeT 
OTBomeaae a npocrpaHCTBy b apeiceHa; yqeaae o pacnojioaceBBB o6max ycJiosBB 
BOSiiOxnocTH 3CTeTB«ecicoB cpopMM ecu. y^enae o pacnojioxeBBB a npocTpaacTBe 
a apeMeaa" (tbjc ace). 

"Cm. KBary KapJia Oopjieanepa "Kbbt, Dlajijiep, rere" ("Kant, Schiller, Goethe", 
Lpa., 1907). HeMenaaa (pKnococp-BeoBaBTaaacn. Ilayjit HaTopn a cbobx Tpy^ax "yneaae 
IIjiaTOBa 06 BAeax. BaeAeaBe b BAeajiaaM* ("Plato's Ideenlehre. Eine Finfiihrung in den 
Idealismui". Leipzig, 1903), "0 njiaTOHoacaoM yuan 06 Bfleax" ("tlber Plato's 
Ideenlehre''. Berlin, 1914) BBTepoperapoaaji yveaae LTjiaTOaa 06 Hneax a nyxe Map6ypr- 
ckob nncoJiiii (npaaei. 11 a rji. 4). Haiajio BeoaaaTBaacKOiiy uoedubsiih) njiaTOBoacKoa 
dnmococpaa 6bUio noJio»eao paSoroH rjiaau si-oro BanpaajieHiia Fepuaaa Koreaa "yieaae 
IIJiaTOBa 06 Bfleax a MaTeMBTaxa" ("Plato's Ideenlehre und die Mathematik". Marburg, 
1879). 

"BejaiB aajiaraer TO«ucy speaaa BeBenaoro (pajiococpa b caacapBTOJiora Ilayjia 
^eacceaa, aoTopbUsi b caoea pa6oTe "BeAaBTa a UnaTOH a caere KaaToaoa cpajiooodiBB" 
(nep. Bsaaa a "Mycarere" b 1911 r.), yTaepacAaa bcthhhocti. moneHrayapoacaoB ueTacpa- 
ibkb BOJia, cojiaacaer "aTHaa" BHAycos, "babio" IIjiaToaa, "aem> b ce6e" KaHTa 
b "BBpoayio bojiio" Illonenrayapa, apoTHBOnocTaBJUU bm cooTaeTCTaeBHO imp aunBpHiec- 
aoa bhobmocth: "Mbbio", "nap reaea", "aaJieBae", "hoc npeACraajieBJie" (Taaace npauei. 
27 a rji. 4). 

"dry habk) PaKKepr BbicaaabiaaeT b caoeic cotHnenHH "BaeAeaBe a TpaHCijeHfleBTajib- 
Hyio tpBJiocod)BX>. IIpeAxeT ooaaaBBa" (pyc. nep.: Kaea, 1904. C. 180 — 200). 06 stoh Tajcate: 
Hko*shko B. yienae PmcaepTa o cynmocTB cpajiococpBB // Bonpocu cpajiocotpaa. 1913. Kb. 
119. C. 427 — 471; Kb. 120. C. 605 — 679. B ctbtwj "Ochobm uoero KapoBosspenBa" Be™.™ no 

599 



3TOicy noaony aaxe^aer: "CjioayeT Aan ce6e otict b paajiaiaa uex KOHCTHTyaTBBHbDjH 
■ MrroflOJiorH^eciMMB (popMBMB nosaaaaa; nepaue cyn. cpopMu aobhoctb: agea, iiohhth«, 
aaaona, npeAMCTa; ace cogepxaBaa coaaaBB* auui hui b no3HaHaa; ipoptui gaBBOCTH 
cboabmu K naBBOcm aaa <popMe, naauBaeuoB Pajutepxou Kameeopueu danHocmu; aaTeropaa 
gaaHOCTB aoacTpyKTMBBa b tom CMucjie, hto KonOTBTyapyeTCa b bcb caxoe coAepwaiwe 
cosaaaaa aaa npcwaer noanaaaHma; Boeo&mee a aoanaBHAyajaaoe aax Aaau; (popiea AaaaocTB 
ecn> <pop*a BceoSmero a BBABBBAyajiuioro; apoMC axoro odiopMJieBBB (soBCTBTymu), aai>ie 
nponaeihi noaaaaaa, tbb caaaarfc, aropaiHO odtopajieau: MeroAaiecuBM upaiiumioM lac-raoa 
aayaa; PaiutepT npaanan BTopa«moro odropMJieaB* aaaboan KCTonoJionnecxoa dropMoii; 
a oaa eon BceoSma* ipopaa" (Ocgoiu aoero mpoBoupetii. C. 20). 

" Hmciotcb b aany atpopaaMM IVre, npaaCAeBnue MeraepoM iTtiuumflimi 
o r«Te" (C. 238 — 239): "IIoaoobo Tony aaa CoxpaT npaasaji ■ ce6e apaBCTBeaayio 
juraaocrk e Ten, *to6m nocjieoou c coaepmeaBoio npocroTox> xora 6m hcckojiuco 
npocaerajica otbocbt«jii.ho caxoro ce6a, IIjiaTon a ApacTOT«Jik, uiobbo jibiboctb, 
BBAeJieaBUB ocoommb nojmouOTBaitB, BMCTynajia nepcA npapoAoa: AyxoBBOCTfc a «ymea- 
Hocn ILnaTOBa canonajia ero otabti. ce6a npapOAe; B3op a mctoa BCcaefloaaTejia ckjiobbjib 
Apacromna aaark npapoay ajm ce6*"(l); "ito6m cnacraci. ot 6ecirpeACJiuioro latoropaaJiB- 
hbb, pacaojiOToera a aanyraiiHOCTB coapeMeanoro yneHaa o upapoAfi aaaag b nycTory, 
aaAneaurr npeAJiaraTb ce6a aonpoc: aaa nocxynan 6m IlnaTOB c opapoAOio, k«kok> ohb 
amnaBTeaaaM renepkB CBoeai6oJiuiiDi(paaaoo6pa3aBiiipa bobm CAaacTBe csoea ocbobm?"(2). 

" MeTHep, cekinaack aa BTopoa acpopasM Tere (cm. atone), namer o "nJiaTOaaiecKou 
BcnoBeAaaaa rere, a npBTOM me Baaaaaaaoro eiry, a noaoameroca aa "aaSapaiejiuioM 
cpoflCTae" c njiaraHMf (Piivuuem o Tere. C. 239). 

"Cfijiajaaa ApacroTejia a UleJuiBara, Meraep npoTHBonocraaJiaeT bx Ten: "...aoa- 
apeaae, no aoropoMy Ten, «a eme BMecre c IIIeJUiBHrox, (...) BBJuerca npoAOJiaurreaeM 
b paaBBBarejieK apaCTOTejieacaoa aaTyp<pBJloco(pEB, Mae npeflcraajiaeTca (...) otpoM- 
bmk ne«opaayiceHaea <(...). ApBcroTCJii. oovra bo seen — npoTBBonojioxcBOCTk Fere" 
(PiiMumjieni o r e t e. C. 239). mreaaepoacKOM a SejioacKOM dobbu aaaa storo 
Boopoca cm. npBMei. 72 a ta. 3. 

"Jlaaea {iptn.: Lykeion) — Baaaaaae poma npa xpaue Anojuioaa JlaKeacKoro 6jib3 
A4>bh, roe ynmn ApaCTOTCjii.. 

" HKeercx a aa«y KOMMeaTapaa BaJiuAiiuia BynflTa ■ poMaay rere Toavi crpaH- 
ctbbb Bmmniau* Meicrepa", aa Koropfcm ccbUiaeTca McTaep (PaaMumjieaaa 
o rere. C. 241). 

** Pev, man o co<niHeDU II. HaTopna "y ichhc 06 BAeax IIjiaToaa n (Jlenairar, 1903). 

"Cm. craTMO y. (poa BanjiaMoaaKa-MeJuieBAopcpa a "EaceroABBKe rercBCKoro 
o6mecTBa" ("Goethe- Jahrbuch") aa 1898 r. 

** flajiee Beaaia npasoABT aecaoouco oaraT aa cowieHiu K. <I>opjienAepa "KaaT, 
mBBJnp, reTe", Aayx CTaTea: TeTe a Kairr" b "E«eroAHaae reTeacKoro o6niecTBa" 
(1898. T. 19. C. 167 — 198) a "OTaomeaae rere k Kairry b csoea BCTOpaYecaou 
paaBBTBB n b ipaoiococpcKou atypaajie "KaaraaBCKae HCCJieAOBaBaa" ("Kantenstudien", 
1898. T. 2. C. 161—211). 

"Meraep ODbirpbiaaex Bupaawaae Haanie "Blonde Bestie" (ham.: ahkos atBBOTBoe): 
"cBCTJioaojiocaa oecTaa" — Taa Hanine HaabmaeT "caepx^ejioaeaa" — a noun-ae Ten 
"Uitier" (m&w.: npaauBOTBoe). 

"IIpoKpycio»o jioace — aCKyccTBeaaaji Mepaa, ae cooTaeTCTByiomaa cynoiocTB 
amneaaa; aacBJibCTaeBBO aajiaraeMaie aa iTO-jra6o orpaBBieaaa. Bbipaxeaae caaaaao 
c bmchcm ApeBaerpeiecKoro MfldiojiorB*ecBoro nepcosa»a — BejnuaBa-paa6oBHBKa 

600 



IIpoxpyCTa, KoropbiH uiauMLO yxjiaAfciaaji nynuucoB Ha jioace, h Ten, kto 6mji Sojitme 
hjih iteHune ero paauepoa, o6py6&>i mjih BbrrxraaaJi Horn. 

"AJimoaaa Ha naccaat Meraepa Ha "PaauMnuieHHH o reTe", rae on pasramjuer 
o "aojie k BJiacTB", ecjia nocjieAHjoio nomucaTb ne a ByjibrapHO-"nHnmeaHCKoi<" citbicjje: 
"IIoa rtiam acbhsou nor 6m noAna-caTbca h Ttm (xax ero a cbohx imcbuax npeABOcXHTHji 
BeTXoaea), h6o "bojib x bjibcth" ecrb Toraa He <rro Bnoe, xax crpeiuieHne x 6jiaropoflc™y; 
Taxaa bojix a bjmcth He npOTHBopcurr ajixaHBio BcejiencxoH jho6bh, onpeAejiXBmeiiy 
iibicju, reTe. Torfla xax, no JJapaHjay: Jiyime nanHTbca H3 jryaui, ien yxeperb ot aaanu; 
no TeTe, BerxoaeHy h Hnnme: jiyime yuepe-n.!" (PimumiKiii o r e t e. C. 140). 

"HueeTca a BHAy cpaaaeHHe Ttrre ■ Teresa a KHHie JUTeiuiepa "MapoapispeHae 
reTe" (1897), npHBeAeHHoe MeTHepou a ero PuicumjieBiix o TeTe: "...ecjjH 6bi 
Terejib coaepmaji HaSjuoAeaaui na« npHpogOH, to ohh, nojxajiyfi, 6bUiH 6bi CTOJib ate 
neHHU, xax ■ ea6jiioneHHa TeTe; ecjia 6bi TeTe noerpoH/i agaHHe hs (pHJiococpcuix 
uucjiea, to oho enaa jih 6ujio 6bi anopoaee, neacena cacreua rerejia" (C. 175). 

"Pew. HflCT 06 oohoii H3 paaioaopoa TeTe c Ilaprseu, rae TeTe xapaarepHayer 
coapeiieHHbiK euy (pHJiocotpoa: rereju, "aeraaHJi cbojo (pHJiocoipHio TOacaecTBa ueacay 
o6%errou a cy&bexTOM" a npOTHBonojioacHocTb <t>HXTe c ero npeflno-rreHHeii cy&bexra 
h meji/mary o ero npeauovreaMeit o6-bexTa, "hot aa aro, — roaopor TeTe, — iiu 
noxaajtau rerena" (28.08.1827. "Geaprache mit Partey". U,mr no: Piuumiieiii 
o TeTe. C. 173). » 

" rerejib a caoea "<I>hjioco<phh npapoA>i n (paafl- 2. 4>H3Hxa) im arejibHo paaoapaeT 
rexeacaoe yieHHe o nacre, npaneM Hexoropbie co6cTaeaHbie Bbmonbi (a nacTHocTH, 
a aonpoce o nojiapH3UUia caera hjih oneHxe HuOTOna) oh Ae-nacT, npauo ccbuiaacb Ha 
■aymbie cran.! rere, me tot HccJieayer cooTBeTCTayiomne upo6jieiibi. 

" Hueerca a anny HaaecTHoe nacuio Terejia Tere ot 20 fpeapajix 1821 r., rA« oh aaeT 
xapaxTepHCTHxy rereacxouy noHamuo npacpeBOUeHa: "IlpocTOe h aSivrpaKTHoe, tto Bu 
MeTKO HaaaajiH npatpeHoueHoit, Bu CTaairre bo rjiaay yrjia, aaTeii aiunuiaeTe xoHxper- 
■uie maJieuoa — xax BoaHaxaiomHe 6jiaroaapx npHCoeflaneHHio AaJibHCHirax c<pep 
BoaneacTBHi h hobvoc oocToareniiCTB, h ynpaaJiaeTe Been npoijeccon tbk, ito&IiI hx 
nocjieaoaaTejniHOCTb npoiowHyjiacb ot npocrux ycjioBHH a cjiojkhi>iii, h paaxeniaeTe hx 
a thkok nopaAxe, ito tojimco Tenepb apxo npoaBJiaerca Bee aanyTaaaoe. Htooli 
BBiaBHTb npacpenoMeH, ocbo6oahti> ero or hhoto, cjiy<iamorO AJia Hero canoro oapyate- 
hhx — nocTHVb era a6eTpaKTHO, xaat iu.i aro Haaaiaaeif, — sro a ciarraio bcjihkhh aojioh 
nyxoBHOro nocruaenaa npaponbi, paaao thkoh Merofl aoo6me — hcthhho aayvibiM 
nosHaHaeii a stoh o6jiacxa. Han HyatHU npoeiui, vroSu hohcho 6i.uio Bam noHBHajry 
auoptpBMH, cuyTHbiH hjih aaate aoo6nte t«iuu.ih b6cojik)t, npopa6aTbiaaion(HHCH K ao3- 
flyxy h caery, oaoHiaTCJibHO BbiaecTH x acHony ahk> (...). 3«eci. Halt opeBocxoflnyio 
cjryatSy cocjiyatHT npafpeHOuea Bamero npeaocxoflHTejiiCTaa: a 3tom aaoaHou Caere 
— oyxoaaOM h noHanioH BCJiencrBHe caoeH npocTOTU (c oahoh CToponu) h bhahhoh, 
h ocaaaeatoK 6jiaroAapa cbobh tyacTaeHHOCTH (c Apyrofi CToponbi) — npHaeTcrayiOT Apyr 
Apyra o6a uapa — uap aScTpaxTHbcx cxeit, auap a6cojnora h imp npoxBJixiomerocji 
cyn^ecTaoaaBHa". Huchho 3to nHCbUO TereJiB TeTe npnaeji nojinoCTbio h 6ea xoiaieH- 
Tapnea a CBoeic scypHajie "O ecTecTao3HaHHH Boo6n<e". 

" "BjiaroAapa rerejno, — ciHTaer nixeHnep, — TeTe CTaHOBHTca xcho, ito accjieaoBa- 
Tejib-aiuuipHK aojihcbh hath tojimco ao npacpenoueHoa h tto orcioaa HaiHHaeTca nyrt 
(pHJiocoipa <...). IIpeoAOJieHHe AeHCTBHTeJiuBOCTH, yrjiyojieHne a Bee, crpeujieHHe hoahhti.- 
ca ot coTBopeHHoro k TBopiecray, or o6ycJioajieHHoro k ycjiOBHio — bot ito jiewHT a CBoeH 
ocHOBe xax y Tere, Tax h y Terejia. Terejib Beoi- oe npeAJiaraer a cboch cpHJiococpHH HHiero 

601 



Apyroro, a tojibko bbybub nponecc, as BOToporo BbrrexaeT ace, vro Koeeiao. Ob noaaaeT 
Aaaaoe KaK aeKoe cjieACTBHe toto, ito moskbo 6buio 6m ctotbti Beo6ycJiOBJieHBbn<. 
(Verhaltnis der goethischen Denkweise zu anderen Ansichten // E i n 1 e i t u n g e n. S. 227). 
" Bcjoum OHTHpyer nocjieoBae CTpoaa CTaxoTBopeHaa "HecoitaeBBo" ("Allerdings", 
1819 — 1820), aoTopuKB TeTe aaaoBtBJi Be6o.ni.myio aamray "J^pyxecKaa spasms", 
ony6jiBKOBaaHyK> ■ atypaajie "Bonpocbi uopcpojiorHa" (T. I. Bub. 3. 1820): 

"B npapoAC bst aepna, 

H BBKUOK) 

Oaa ne cxpura cxopjrynoio, 
IIoAyiiaB jrynne m, vto mmcju» tbox: 
3epao bju> ccopjiyna?" 

"AaajiaaHpya noaaTHe npocTpaacTaa ■ apeaeBB a dwjiocodjHH KasTa, fflTeaHep 
OTueiaeT: "...HCXOABbW nyHKTou lejiosraecaoro laaiuieHaa o,jim KaBTa aajiaerca oiimt, 
H«"-"» opranau «ryBCTB (,...}. 3tot "lyBCTaeaatiH imp cyn. oeKaa HHoateCTBeBBOCTb 
aemea a npocTpaHCTae ■ npon.eccoB bo apeiieBB <...>. H uory mcjieHHO orSpocHTi. bcio 

UBOBCeCTBCIBHOCT]. BemeH H DpOnCCCOB. Ho TO, 1TO X He MOry nepeCTBTb MblCJIBTb, 3T0 

npocTpaaCTBO ■ apeiu. Raate ecjin cymecTByer xaKax-aa6yn> aem> aae arax xaTeropaa, 
i aa*ero ae icory 06 stoic aaaTb, uocxojiucy ■ BB^ero He uory ce6e npencTaaBTb 6e3 
npocrpaHCTBa b Bpeueaa. H ae aaaio, bbjlbjotcb jib obh xapaKTepHCTHKoa aemea, a aaaio 
Jaunt, iTO AJia ueaa aeaca HenpeueHBO BMCTynaiOT b stbx (popicax" (Verhaltnis der 
goethischen Denkweise zu anderen Ansichten // Einleitungen. S. 219). 

** "Cymaocrn" (ham.; Wesenheiten), t. e. aarejibi — AyxoBnue "cymaocra" xpacTH- 
aacaOB liadtojioru. 

M HpaJio — cjiaBaacKaa ica$ojiorB*ecKBB a pBTyamBbia nepconaat, Bonjiomaw- 
maa HAen aeceaHero nJiOAoponna. 

" BoTaa — aepxoKHUB 6or b luKpojioraa Apeaaax repaaaneB, o6jiaAaiomHB aory- 
rqecTBOH xojiAyaa, uyApena; 6or bobbm a xoubb Banucaiuxbi (ABopna, Kyna nonaaawT 
naamae a 6010 bobbm). 

M B lacTttocra, b paSore h e p ■ Teopaa noiiisii nTreaaep aro nojioxeaae 
apryaeBTHpyeT tbx: Kbht "ciaTaji earn paccyAOK cnocooHMH jamb socxoAHTb or 
tacTBOro k oomeay; aayxa ace icoateT cymecTBOBaTb jibbd. o muxux semax, 'Ae lacTBoe, 
BaaTOe eauo no ce6e, ae BKeer caoero nonaxaa a mowct 6biTb Jiann, noABCAeao boa 
OTBneieHHoe nOHBTae. OraocHTeJlbao opraBBUMOB ycjioaae aro, no Kamy, ae co6jnOAe- 
ho. 3A«cb KasiAOe OTA«JibBoe xajieHae o6aapyiKBBaeT tf*jucoo6paaHoe, t. e. nonamuuitae 
ycrpoHCTBO <...). ,H,Ji« nOHniMBBB tbicbx cymecxB y hsc, no MBenaio KeHare6eprcKoro 
(pBJioco<pa, OTcyrCTByeT acaKoe npeApacnoJioateBae. Mbi a cocroaaaa noaauaTb jibjih. 
tbic, top noHHTae b OTAeJibaaa Bem> paabeAaneHbi (...). IloaTOMy aaa ae ocraeTca 
aaHCro Apyoro, kbk nojioatBTb a ocaoay eauox Ba6jix>AeaBB hba opraHasiuuia udtn 
i^ejucoo6paanocmu <.-■)• Kbht SAecb Kaa 6u aay^ao oSocbobbji BeaayHaocTb'' (C. 69). 

"BenuB aueer a Bany cjieayiomee aecro aa Oitpia Teopaa noiinii: 
TeTe "aaKorAa ae aor noHBTb, noieuy name UbmuieHae aojibcbo SbiTb HeAOCxaTotHbUc 
AJU Toro, iroSbi cnpamBBaTb OTBOCHieUbBO Kaaoro-BaSyAb opraaa ataaoro cymecxaa: ae 
ieuy ob cjiyaurr, a orKyAa oh nponcxoAHT. 3to Jieatajio b ero apapoAe, KOTopaa 
ooctobhho noayntABJia ero BBAeTb KaatAoe cymecTBO a ero BayrpeHHea coaepmeBCTBe 
(...). Oh xoieT paccaaTpBaaTb o&beirr ae aa« aaKOBveaByio aentb, a b ero CTaaoBJieBBB, 
Aa6u yanarb, xaaoro ob npoacxoacAeaaa. B Cnanoae ero oco6eaBO npaBJiexajio to, ito 
oa He npaaaaBan 3toh BHemHea nsJiecoo6pajfeocTB opraHOB h opraBaaaoB 1 ' (C. 69). 

602 



"Hlceerc* b aaAy ason-a K«ht» "Kpjrrata cooco6boctb cyatAeaaa'' (1790). 

"<X>aflaanaa (jam.: filitu — ura) — "oTBomeBae cmbobctm", nopipojioraiecaaa 
caasb, "aaSapaiejikBoe cpoAcrao 6anee bjjb uesee 6jibskbx ■ Aaneaax creneaeB" 
(PiiHumjieiiii o r<ie. C. 101). 3tot unag, curraeT Meraep, Ttrre acnojiuyeT 
nam aaanaaa uaaKooTHomeHaa iceacAy "Bceo6nnai" a "ocoobbbmii", "oTAejiuum cjiy- 
naen" a "uajuiaoaoii cjiynaea" (C. 103). Can re-re, nOAHepanaaa a cTapocra ca6cTaeBBOe 
crpetuieaae Baaer* aBJieaaa npapoAM aaa nponeccu (a coctobbbb cTaaomneaaa), aasaan 
caoa "atasBeHHfcia kotoa" "(paJiaanaea": "H oojuAaJi mctoaom paaaepTbiaaaaa, paa- 
BBTaa (entwickelnde Methode) a hb a Koefi utepe veroAOu conocraaJieaaa 
(nuammenitellende), ynopaAo<u»aBBa: c aBJieaaaKa paAonoJioatenBMUB use aenero 
6uno AeJiatk, Bao6opor, a caopee not 6m aaaaicaTbca duumansea" ("AaBajiu*).' 

"Cjiy^aaao bjib aauepeaao Be.ni.in aaaenacT KeraepoBcxoe wpameaae "rano- 
TeTHiecaaa npapoABTejn." cjioaocoqeTaBaeii "raomwecma npapoABTeji*" (Paa- 
Mumjitmi o r«Te. C. 107). 

41 Qapiia Illapju Ilare a 1910-e re. aaaajia wnoHeaue noaanaa • «ejie npoaaaoACTaa 
■ npoMTa KSBodnunHOB ao OpaanaB ■ aaorax apyrax crpaaax. 

4> "Been" — atypaaji icocaoacaax cbmbojibctob, peAaKTapyeiaui Bajiepaeu Haoane- 
Bmeic Bbmcobum, aoTopufiaaAaaajica a 1904 — 1909 n. KBaroaaaaTejikCTBOH "Caopnaoa" 
(1900 — 1916), cnenjUJUMBpoaaBiinacca Ha aaAaaaa aaar pyceaax a sanaAaoeBpoaeacaax 
cbmbojbbotob a npaaaAaeaiaaimrw aHatenepy ■ nepeaoAiaxy C. A. IIojiaxoBy (1874 — 1942). 

"Tempora non mutantur (Aam.) — apetieaa ae ueaawTca. 

** Meraep nocaaTBJi aenocpeACTBeBBO cauaojiaauy eABHCTBeBByio cranio "Mn<p, 
KBCTepaa, cbuboji a MBCTaaa", onySjnacoaaBayio a vypnajie Tpynti a abb" (1912, 
Jft 4 — 5), KOTopaa ae aanaerca opanmajibHoa paapa6oraoB Teopaa cauaojiaaiia. Meraep 
acnojiuyer SAec* noBBTae "cbkboji " a caaaa c pacapuraeii BaraepoBcaoa tcmm a Tojnty- 
er era b Ayxe Bejioro ■ Bai. Haaaoaa. 

4 * BeaBOSAymBoe npocipaHCTBO bba cbo6oabob nosepxHocTuo scbaxoctb b aaapn- 
tob caepxy cocyAe; aBJieaae orapkiTO a o&ucaeHO b 1643 r. BTanumcaaK dmaaaou 
b MaTeawTBKou 3. Toppaiejuia. 

"IlpaMei. 133 a an. 3. 

"Meiaep ccbuiaetca aa aaary II. Ca6aTi>e "BorocjioBcxaa Teopaa noaaaBaa", tae 
tot namer, tto "Teopaa pejiaraoaaoro coaaaBna bbxoabt caoe aaaepmeBBe a cbxbojdu- 
m, ecjm boa caMBOJiaauoB paayuerk ooaoapeueHBO raaay a orapoaeBae" (tun. no: 
Ptakumjicaai o r«te. C. 500). 

"Ilpniiei. 134 a ra. 3. 

"Bejnia cctuiaerca aa aaAaaae: Cbmbojibsk. M., 1910. 

"Eenui naTapyer aaAaaae: Apa6ecaa. M., 1911. 



"BOCnOMMHAHMfl O UITE&HEPE" 

Kaara neiaTaerca no aBTopcaouy HamaBOBacaouy reacty pyaonaca, xpaaameaca 
b HeMopaaJiLaoic uyaee AaApea Bejioro a Mocitae. 

BBEflEHME 

1 DlTeaaep nojiyuui Baymyio ereneai> Aoaropa cpanoctxpaa s 1891 r., sanntTBB 
b yaaaepcBTeTe r. Pocroaa Aoaropcayio AaccepTanBio "Ochobbob aonpoc Teopaa nosaa- 
aaa a caaaa c "Hayaoyieaaeu" Oaxre", aoropaa a 1892 r. abinuia orAeJitaoa aHaroa 

603 



B nOMCKAX VTPAMEHHOM HCTMHbl 

HenoBTopiiMaH jthhhocti, Annpen BeJioro OTpasajia b ce6e, KaK 
b <|ioxyce, BantHeamyK> teaaeBmao xyjiBTypbi HMHemaero cTOJieTiia: npn 
BHyrpeHHeH paaopBOHHOCTH a opaifaTB3Me — HaeroaHBBoe, xoth a SecxoaeH- 
RO-6e3aaAe»Boe crpenjieHHe r rapiiOHaa, caHresy. Jlanri. h3 noflBajn>Boro 
TeaTpa Ayma "tojtmco hub cyMacineflinax" nyn, BeflCT k He6ecBOa nejn>HocTB 
TeTe b MouapTa (Tax onpeflejnui 3to TBopnecxoe coctohbbc cospeMeHHinc 
Bejioio — mBeauapcKaa nacaTejn, TepiiaH recce). 

BeCB MHpOB033peHHeCKHH JlaGapBHT XyflOJKBBKa B MWCJIHTejIH AHflpeH 

BeJioro coctoht hs MHoacecTBa "TynaKOB", oroyaa oh c yflBBHTejii.Bi.iM nocTO- 
xhctboii BkiBapaeTCH npH noiionni "apaaflHOBoii bhth" — cHMBOJiB3i<a. Toju>- 
xo CBMBOJiH3iiy, TaK a He nocTBTHyTOMy bo Bcefi CBoea rjxy6aBe coBpeiieu- 
mixum, 3aTO oxaaaBmeiiycB aKTyajn.Hi.ni b KOHue XX b. — aKTyajn.Hi.iM He 
CTOJn.KO KaK dcrerixHecKaH npoFpaima, ckojh>ko KaK <|>HJioco<pCKaH h xyjn,- 
TypojiorHiecKaH floiaraaHTa (k neay Bcer«a crpeiiBJiCfl caM Eejn.ni), oh ocTaer- 
ch Bepes Ha npoTaateHaa acea xh3hh. 

B 3tob CBB3H oco5eBBoe 3Ha<ieBBe HMeeT aBTponoco<pBa Aaflpea Bejioro, 
HMeHHO noToiiy, hto OHa He yKJiaflWBaeTCH b paiiKH yieHBJi HeMeintoro (pajioco- 
tpa PyAOJiupa nTxeihiepa, ocHOBaTejuj ainponococpHB, KaK He yKJiaflbmaeTCH 
b Kaxae-Jia6o paiixa A. Beju.ni sooGise — TajiaHT, Bcerfla cyinecTByHunaa Ha 
npnacjie (HHTeJuieKryaJEbHOM b TBOpnecxoM), b aTMocfpepe "cKaHAajia", Bti- 

ByXAeBBbEB nOCTOHHBO flOKa3I>IBaTb CBOK) "nejIOCTHyjo" HBAHBflflyaJIbHOCTI.: 
B B "ApH6jIOCTB" CBOeB JTBHHOCTB (3jIJTHC), H B "aKJieXTXreHOCTIl" (|>BJIOCO<pHH 

(<I>. CienyH), h b "xaoTHHHOCTa" xyfloacecTBeaHOH chctcmbi. 3aiieHy, hto aeflt 
a BejiHKOro "oJiHMUHHua" TeTe flpy3i>H HaabiBajia "xaueJieoHoii", a ero jiHMHtie 
xanecTBa BcerAa ocTaBjuum acejiaTi. Jiyonero — ho kto 06 3tom domhht 
ceroflBH?! Befli. b TeTe CTpeumica k BHyTpemieMy CHHTe3y — no3Ta, yneHoro 
■ <pHJioco<pa, a b Hen ao cbx nop bbaht jiaim. reaaajitBoro xyAoaumxa! "fl ue 
noxsajisiocb Teii, hto h CAeJiaji xax host... — CKaaaji oh OAua«fli>i CBoeMy 
cexpeTapio H. II. 3xxepMaHy. — Ho to, hto b Ham Bex b MHoroTpyaHoa Hayxe, 
3aHBjfaK>ineacH npoSjieMBMB inteTa, mhb odnoMy aaBecTHa flcruHa, mo npeac- 
nojraxeT lieHX ropfloCTH a co3HaHaa npesocxoflCTBa hba MHoraua"*. 

OrpeaMieHae pyccKoa KyjibTypu "cepeopxHoro sexa n k caMono3HaHaro, 

K OCMilCJieHBK) Co6cTBeBHOB HfleHTHHIIOCTH He MOTJIO He 3aTpOHyTfc OflHOrO B3 

Haaoojiee Hpxax ee BbipaaaTejiea. AH^pea Bejn.ni, kbk a 6oju.bihbctbo co- 
BpeiieHHHKOB, ocoaaaeT csoe speMH Kax nejiocTHyio anoxy — Bexaa py6e«, 



* 3iaupMaH M. II. Pasroaopu c TeTe b nocjie«BHe roan ero shshi. M., 1981. 
C. 297. 

686 



CBoeo6pa3He KOToporo oh nepeaaeT xpxxM o6pa30ii: "nepeBaji". 3tot py6est 
— nepesaji-nepexoA b HOBoe xyjivrypHoe npoCTpaHCTBO, t. e. Heycirwunutoe 
paanoaecue Ha caifofi BepmHHe nyTH, h co3AaeT oco6yio KpH3HdiocTb, nporx- 
BopeiHBocTi., HeypaBHOBemeHHOCTb coBpeuennoH anoxu "Ha nepeBajie". Be- 
jn»rii, Kax 6apoiierp, HyTXO yjiaBJnmaeT, hto HHTejiJieKTyajn>HO-xyAO>KecTBeH- 
HbiH pacoBeT "cepe6pxHoro Bexa" "npeBaT" xaTacTpoipawi, 3tob Tejie cneirx- 
aja>HO nocBxmaeT pxA pa6oT ("Kpn3HC C03HaHna h reHpxx H6ceH", "Kpn3HC 

KyjlBTyptl", "KpH3HC SCH3HH" H flp.)- 

CHMBOJIH3M flJIH HCrO CTaHOBHTCfl CBOeo6pa3HBIM BblXOAOM H3 3TOH Kpn3HC- 

hoh CHTyan^m, noTOMy hto chhboji, xax tbkoboh, npeAnojiaraeT cosaaime 
ihmiocthocth, KaHecTBeHHO-KOJiHHecTBeHHoro eflHHCTaa npoTHBonojiowuoereH, 
BHyTpn ero erpyxTypbi npoHcxoffirr "cHH-rae" BnyTpeHiiefi upoTHBOperaBOCTH 
h ee TBopnecKoe npeo6pa30Baiuie b rapiiOHmo. 

Ho ecjia b TeopeTHHecKHX pa6oTax Bejioro 1900-x rr. chmboji pacciiaTpHBa- 
eTca npeacfle Bcero Kax (pHJiococpcxo-acreTHHecKaJi xaTeropHx, to nocTeneHHO 
ero Bee CHjnaee HaHHHaeT nprajiexaTb HAea Bceo6in.eS CHMBojni3ainni Emthh, 
a chmboji see Sojibine a 6ojn,nje 3aiieHHer <pHJioco<pcKne KaTeropim — "naew", 
"noHHrne", "pa3yn", "cosHairae", npeBparnaeTCH b cBoeo6pa3uyjo CHMBOjmHec- 
Kyio <popuy o6pa3Hoeo "MbnnjieHHH 1 '. IIepeoueHKa*pojiH hhcto TeopeTHHecxoro 
3BaHHJi, "aiiGjieiioii" KOToporo ajih Bejioro 6biJi "oHHineBHbm" ueoKaiiTiiaHua- 
inr HmiaHyHJi KaHT, Ha<nraaeTCa eme ao jischhoh BCTpenH c PyAOm>(poii 
IHreirHepoM b 1912 r. — b nexaHHax ero iibicjm ot Aprypa EIoneHrayapa 
x <l>pHApnxy Hninne, ot BjiaAHunpa CoJiosi>eBa x Teococpmi, ho HecoiiHeHHO, 
hto HMeHHO iirreHHepoBCKoe noHBuauae cyinHocni h B3axiiocBJi3H nnen x Bbi- 
■ntu noMorjio Bejioiiy leTKO C(popMyjmpOBaTb BaacHbrii ajih ero MHpoBOcnpHH- 
th» sonpoc o epatiime nosHanun kbk TaxoBoro. K aroiiy sonpocy oh hoctohhho 
B03Bpan(aeTCH npaxTHHecxH bo Bcex cbohx <pnuioco(pcKHx pa6crrax 1910-x 
x oco6chho 1920-x rr. — Havsuu c xyAoacecTBeHHO-<pHJioco<pcKoro acce 
"KpyroBoe ffsaTKeaue" (1912) b chmbojehctckom BcypHaJie "TpyAti h ahh" 
a kohhbh orpoiiHbiii He3aBepinenHbiM aHrponocofpcxiui TpaKTaTOii "HcTopxx 
CTaHOBjieHHx caMocosHaioiqeH Ayinn", xoTopbrx ao chx nop, x coacajiemiio, He 
onyfijiHKOBaH. Ecrm noHHiiaTb no3Haime — o-CMMC/reHHe 3H8HBK — k«k 
"paccyAOHHyio cnexyjixTnoo", To AeficTBirrejibHO, CHHTaeT Eejiiix, KaHT npaB, 
h mm He uoxeM no3Haxi> uejibrij iuiacT BbrrHH — c<pepy "pasyMa", trap nnei 
("senn. b ce6e"). Ho eenii HayHHO-TeopeTHHecxyio HAeio paccaiOTpen. Kax 
ocoftun "o6pa3", t. e. 3aMemiTb paccyAOHHoe MMnuiemie "cnacyAxifueu UMaeu- 
Hamu*Hou" (o6pa3Hofi), to rpaHHqu HaytHoro no3HaHHx nc>ie3HyT, rHoceojionu 
npespaTHTCH b "AHaJieKTHKy o6pa30TBopHecTBa" h TOrAa jiormecxH Heno3Haaa- 
eicbm, no KaHTy, imp HAeB pacxpoeTcx xax ccpepa nocTHraeuoro b TBopnecTae 
Cbmbojib. Tenept Bejitm noimiiaeT no3Hauue xax "pacumpeHHe caMocosHaHMH" 
Ao ccpepbi pa3yifa (HAex-o6pa3a) — Aejarreji&Hoe npeo6pa30BaHne csoea cySiex- 

THBHOCTH B Cy6%eXTHBHOCTfc yHHBepCajTJ>HyH), KOrAa "H"-HHAHBHAyyM CT8H0- 

bhtch npeACTaBHTeJieii lejiOBenecTBa, npnpoAii, Kociioca. "H" (cy6teKT HAe- 
ajn>HOH ccpepbi), CHMBOJianecKH sonjioiaaa co6cTBeHHbiB CMbicji, napaAOKcaiib- 
uboi o6pa30M npoHCHaeT cjibicji IIpHpoAii (ofibexTiiBHoro srapa). 

687 



JJp BCTpenn co nTreaaepoM 3tb HfleA yate Hasieiajiacb b cosaaaaa Bejioro 
xax BtiBeaeHHaH nocpeacTBOM jioraiecKax paccyatfleHHH "cymia" — sum 
KOHtrrpyKiniH — OTACJitHbix unpoB033pcBHecKiix ycTaaoBOK: HeoKanmuaHcmaa, 
nccjieflOBaainero saxoabi jiotbkh KaK ocHOBHtie npHHiianu nocTpoeiuia Bbrrna 
(no H3Jiw6jieHHOH (popiiyjiapoBKe Bejioro, BocnpoHaBoaaineS io>icjn> aeoKaHTa- 
aana FeHpaxa PHKKepTa: "6bnae KaK (popiia cyacAeHax"); Huifuieaftcmsa, 
OTKpiiBinero "parMHHecKyio" ocHOBy mmcjib ("jierxoaorHB nJucyu"-Mi>icjiH- 
Tejii 3apaTycxpa); yqeaax BjiaABiiapa CoAoaheaa c ero BAeami BoroHejioBeiec- 
TBa — "aGcojnoTHoro oprauH3iia" h Jloroca — B^eajtbHOTO qejioBenecTBa 
(BeJibni noHBMaeT Jloroc kbk HfleajibHyio, BoaiioatByio b 6y«ymeM "o6pa3- 
Hyio", t. e. caiiBOjaraecxyio, JiorHKy, Korfla-TO yace Boajionjaanryiocx b Xpn- 
cre); meocotfiuu, npeflJiararomeS neTOflfai "bmxoab" 3a npeaejibi HyBCTBeaaoii 
peajibHOCTH, a neKOToptix ApyiHx yneHaa. 

AHmponocotfiwi we b C03aaBHB Bejioro nJioaoTBopao coejjHHHJia "cyjmy 

3HaHHH" B CHBTeS, HJTH, nOCKOJIMty CaM BejTblH nOHKIiajI CJIOBO "cHHTea" 

tojuko b ciibicjie "paccyflo>*HOB" coBOxynHOCTa sjieiieaTOB, — b "chmboji" kbk 
a5cojuoTHo uejiocTHyw a KaiecrBeaao Boayio cxpymypy. Ecna paHbme oh 
TOjntOBaji cbmbojibsm KaK oco6yw "opraHH3au,HK>" 3aaaBB, to Tenepb oh 
nepecTpaHBaeT cbok> Teopmo b "op2anuKy 3HaHHa". "HepB toh opraaaKB, 
— nmnn EejH.ni, — aaTpoaococpaa", KOTopaa "kjhoh use ontpujia k yiieaaio 
b ce6e pa3BHBaTb RimyjEbC k coeAaaeaaio SHaHHa"*. 

AirrponococpHH — "HayKa" o "AyxoBawx" iieTOAax nosHauna HyscTBeHHOH 
aeHCTBHTejtbHOCTH — SbiJia co3AaHa b aaiaJie Bamero cTOJieniH PyAOJLb<poii 
DlTeHHepoM b paiiKax ero coSctbchhoh (pajiocoepcKoa cacTewu a boa bjihbhb- 
eu pa#a naefi TeococpcKoro yneaaH pyccxoa aacaTejn»BBU>i Ejieabi EjiaBaT- 
ckob (1831 — 1891) — CBoeo6pa3HOH "HayHaoa" pejmrHH, pa3pa6aTbiBaK>mefi 
npaKTBHecKHe npaeiiM aocTaaceaafl BoacecTBeaaoH cyinaocTa. B ocaoBe Teoco- 
<paa Jiewajia Hflea caxpajiBBOB ToacAecTBeaaocTB pejrango3Bbix aodibtob pa3- 
jiHTBbix BepoHcnoBeflaHHH, ApeBHeBOcroiHAH KOHiieniniB Kapjtbi a nepeso- 
nJiomeHHH, aexoTopbie "oTHptrraa" bhabbckbx hoi-ob. 

EHreHHep, KOToptm pyxoBOAaji aeiieintoa ceKaaea TeococpcKoro o6ajecTBa, 
ocaoBaHBoa b 1902 r., nocTeneBao oco3aaeT cneinKpaxy csoea AOKTpaau, 
opHeaTapoBaaaoa npeatae Bcero aa aanaAHyro AyxoBBOCTi. (xpacTaaHCTBO 

a rHOCTHIJH3M). Ilofl B03AeHCTBBeH pH«a o6cTOHTejn»CTB, OKOTOpbEX paccKa3i.iBa- 

eT BejEbia b cbobx "BocnouaaaBBflx o IQTeHBepe", aeiieiiKaB "bctbi," b 1913 r. 
npeo6pa3yeTca b AaTponococpcKoe o6iqecTBO, cymecTBywiqee a b aacTOHin.ee 
BpeiiH. CepaueBHHofi aaTponocotpcKoro yHeaaa ctbhobhtch apamecTBae Xpa- 
ctb (Teoco^ibi Baaejia b Heif jrann. OflHoro «3 "yMirrejiea MyApocTa"), ho npa 
3tom niTeaaep acnoJiKiyeT Maorae (pHJiocotpCKO-pejnirH03Hbie hacb BocTcmoro 
330TepB3iia a OKKyjii>TB3iia, a TaKxe TeococpCKaa TepMBaojiora<iecKaa annapaT. 
PyAOJibtp IIlTeHHep saMbicjiaji co3AaTb uejiyio KOHrpKyJibTypy, npeAJiara- 
Mmyio bbixoa as KpH3HCHoro coctoxhhb Esponti aa pySeace Bbmemaero 



* EtAuii Andpeu. HcxopHji cTaHOBJieeBj| cauoco3DawmeB aynm. ABTopB3oaaHnaH 
uannmonHCb // OP. PfB. 0>. 25. C. 725. 



688 



CTOJieTH*. BepojiTHO, hmchho b 3tom oabb b3 npBHHH Heo6i>iHaHHOB nonyjup- 
hocth aHTponococpcKoro ABBaceHHH, oco6eHHO cpe^H pyccKOH HHrejijieKTyajn.- 
hob ajiBTbi "cepe6panoro sexa", caiy-rao npeAHyBCTByKunea "BcejieHCKyio" 
KaTBCTpcxpy b b nejiou opaeirrBpoBaHHOH Ha noacK pejiarB03Horo Hfleajia. 
OflHHM B3 caubix aaaiieHHTbix pyccKHX aHTponococpOB 6biJi, HecoiiHeBHO, 
AaApeii Bejibrii — bchbob npaaiep "xpHaaca co3HaHafl", KOTopbrii oh tbk oerpo 
lyBCTBOBaji. IlbrrajiCb npeoAOJieTb co6cTBeHHbie BHyTpeHHae Meraajta, oh 
nocTOHHHO flySjmpyeT, HacjuuuiaeT, ycHJiBBaer non&rrKB AyxosHoro Bocxoacae- 

HBJ9 B3 KpB3BCa X rapttOHBB. IIo3TOJiy CBOB TJiaBHblH HyTfc K UejIOCTHOCTB 
JEOHHOCTH fl COBpCMeHHOB KyJTbTypbl Hepe3 KyAOWeCTBeHHO-peJTBrB03HOrCUAt- 

aoAtivecKoe 3*cu3Hemaoptecm»o oh Tan jierKO coeflHHHJi c aBTponocotpcKUM 
BMnyjibcoM — "nayiHO-dyxoaHbiM" 3+cu3HemoopuecmaoM b BOcnpHHflJi inTea- 
HepoBCKoe yneHBe Be tojibko (aepaee, He ciojibKo) KaK "oKKyjr*THyio" Hayxy, 

HO KBK "3aKBBCKy HMHyJIbCOB eBpOIieBCKOH KyJTbTypbl DHTH nOCJICflHBX CTOJie- 

tbb"*, oco6brii "opraHB3M KyjibTypbi". 

JJ,nn Heiienxoro coshbhhb asAasiia 6i>iJia xapamrepua BAea, hto Ka»j)UH 
nejioBCK cnocoGeH npoHaxaTb b "norycTopoHHBB", bjih "aAeajn.Hi.iB", itap 
(Beo6xoABMO jmrn. pa3BBTb "3apoAbnn" cBepxHyBCTBeHHbix opraHOB socnpa- 
btbb), — BAes, Jieacainaji b ochobc a repMaHcxtta cpeAHeseKOBoa mbctbkh, 
b yneHBH paHHeio JIiOTepa, b hhcto HeuemcoB (popitbi pejmraoaHOCTH — "na- 
eTB3Ma". 3tb HHTyHuxji onnoAOTBOpmia coaHaHae Aaace Tanoro "HHCToro" 
TeopeTBKa, xax Kairr, He roBopa yate o HeiieincoH poMaimmecKOB TpaAHuaa. 

IIpBBJiexaTeJibHocTb nrreiiHepoBCKoro "oxKyjibTaaMa" ajih aotorax ero cto- 
poHHBKOB 3aKJoo<iaJiaci, b toh, hto ajih B3yHCHHH "tpeHOMeHoa" CBepxvyBCT- 
BeHHOro uapa oh npmieHJiJi He Tyifamioe iracTBHecKoe oaapemte, ho "Hayn- 
Hbie" mctoam, o6ocHOBbiBaa pa3BHTHe b ce6e "flbicinero" "A". 

Eiqe b paSoTax AoaBrrponococpcitoro nepuoAa, b KOToptix UTreSHep pa3Ba- 
aaeT co6cTBeHHyio Teopan no3HaHBB, oh c03aaeT noHHTHe "«CBCTOro onbrra" 
— KpaeyrojibBbiB Kaiiem csoea (pBJiococpcKOB CBCTeiibi. BcTynas, KaK a mo- 
rue ero coBpeueBHBKB, b nojieMBxy c KaaTOii, oh noJiaraeT, hto cymecrsyeT 
no3Ha*aeMtui oGhexmusHan deucmtumejuHocmb, cocTOHinaa kbk 6m B3 AByx 
cjioes: HyBCTBeHHoro onbiTHoro uapa, nocTHraenoro paccyAXOM, b caepxHyscT- 
seHHOio Mapa "hhctoto onbrra", noauaeaeMoeo pa3j'MOM kok "udex". Ecjlh 
b TpaABiQiH HeiieuKoro BAeajia3iia, KOTopyio KaK 6bi n*rraeTCH npeoAOJieTb 
DlTeBHep, "BHe-HyBCTBeBBbm" (TpaHciieHAeHTHbia bjih TpaHcn.eHAeHTaju.Hbia) 
Map HHTepnpeTHpyeTCx Kax "napcTBo" pejiaraa, ipHJiocotpHH hjib acxyccTBa, 
to A-ta rUTeBHepa 3to ccpepa oco6oro "onbrra", a 3HaHBT, a oco6ob tohhob 
"nayKu". Ho TorAa Heo6xoABMO coaepmeuHO no-Apyroiiy ociibicjiHBaTb a Taxae 
KaTeropaa, xax "nosHBHae", "pa3yu", "aflea", KOTopbie AOJOKHbi 6brrb pac- 
CMOTpeHbi xax <p~OKmt>i onhima. OGicktbbho roBopa, yace KaHT b "KpHTaxe 
HHcroro pa3yiia" Bbmeji TeopeTHHecxyio "hack)" aa cxpepbi paccyflKa, co3Aaio- 
mero aHajnfTBMecKBe a CBHTeTaiecKae cyacAenaa, a noiiecTBJi ee b c<pepy 
"pasyiia", rAe npoacxoABT HeAOCTynHaa Hameiiy noHHiiaHBK) AeaTejibHOCTb 



* B»MMt Andpeu. BocnoiiBHaHHa o UtTeiiiepe. C. 268 nacT. B3u. 
23 Aanpei Bejiui. PyAOjuiJ) Illieaaep 689 



BOJiesoro TBopnecKoro Haiajia. HueHHO SjiaroAapa es«y cTaji B03MoateH cjiefly- 
lomaa inar — bmboa o noanasaeMocrH (pajiococpcKOH "hach" b TBopiecKOM 
(yace He npotrro BOJiesoii, ho acreraHecitOM) ane. 

3tot mar, npaBAa oieni. ocxopoacHBia, aejiaeT cai< Kairr, Kor^a 
b "KpirtHKe cnoco6HOCTH cyxnevBs" HHTepnpenipyeT acicyccTBO Ha ocHose 
nOHirniH TBopneCKoa (acTeTHqecaoa) n^ea KaK nenyKi ijejiecoo6pa3HocTi., 
nofloSHyio (tojibko noAo6Hyw!) ^eJiOBenecKOJiy opraHB3iiy. Topa3AO ysepeH- 
Hee flencTByeT Teie, KOTopbtfi npHHaiiaeT hc tojibko nojioacemie Kbhtb 06 
"opraHHiecKofi <popne" ncicyccTBa, ho 6jiaroflap« cbohii 3aHBTHHM HaTyptpa- 
jiococpcKoa mhctbxoh a ajixaMaea npaHHMaer TaKace Teaac 06 OAyxoTBopen- 
hob, "whbob" npapoa,e kbk "opraHBHecKoa (popsie". "JKaBaa", t. e. 
ROHxpeiHaH, HAex, "stHBOe uejioe", opraHHSM, chmboji — aro see chhohbmbi 
Ka«AOH no Tpex ctpep Butjui: npapoABi, lejioaciecKoro cymecTBa h "npoa3- 
BeAeHHa" acKyccTBa. Hx "opraHaraecKaa {popaa" BMeeT, c tohxb apeHHa TeTe, 
CBepxiyBCTBeHHMH "ayxoBHfcia" HMnyjrbC, xoTopbdi oh b CTBTbe "BjieneBHe 
k otpopMJiemno" (1817) BiieHyeT "Bor, BceAepaunejifc, Taopeu". 3aaHHT, 
a "hach", KaK Taxosafl (He tojibko acTeTHiecKaa, ho h <pmioco<pcKaH, 
npeapauxaeTca b BAeio-o6pa3 (imago), "hamo b flBJiemu", "chmboji". 
PaccyxAaa hoaoShum o6paaoii, TeTe npaxoflHT k yntasuo o TOTajtbHon 
caMBOjraaanaH Bura*. 

IIocKOJiucy "TeopHH co3HaHHa" — b TaKofi cpopue AJia IHreBHepa cymecT- 
Byer raoceojioraa — coaaaeTca ra OAHOBpeuemio c H3yHeHaeM ecrecTaeH- 
ao-Hay^Horo HacjteaHH Terte, HMeuuo b rereBCXOM yHeaaa o npapOAe naxo«HT 
oh "noATBepatAenHe" co6cTBeinu,n« HHryaBHHM. HueHHO reTescKaa nnea "op- 
lamUHa" KaK "HytcmaeHHO-ctepxnyecmaeHHOto" o6pa3oaaHHH, uejiocTHocn. ko- 
Toporo <popj»HpyeTca oco6mm "autBtim" dyxotHbiM itohhiihiiom, ctbhobhtch 
aapoM ero tpajioco^aa, a 3aTen "TaBHOBeaexaia" (hjih "AyxosHoa Hayxii") 
— Taxi IHTeBHep nueayeT aHTponococpioo. AirrponocoipCKBB BHABBHAyyM, 
reTescKHH opramMM, TOjmyeMMH Heo6i,i«iaHHo imipoKO, ORaabiBaerca chhtcth- 
HecxHM eAHHCTBOM MaTepHajiBHoro h AyxoBHoro, OT«ejn.Hoe cymecTBO bohjio- 
maer, jujvtem "BceoGnraa", yHHBepcaja>Hua saxoH npapoobi, ee AyxoBHyw 

OCHOBy. 

AHApen Eejnoa, una KOToporo b 1900-e rr. "chmboji" npoasJixeT ceMasrraKy 
HCBbipa3ioioio, npoaciiaeT hckhb Bbicinaa Cmbicji, co3ABH>inHB hcjiocthoctb 
joo6ob xoHCTpyanaa ("3MfijieMaTaxa CMbicjia"), b TeopeTaiecKHx paSorax 
aH-rponocoepcKoro nepaoAa yrjiyojiaeT a pacmapaer cbok> Teopaio CHMBojni3»ia. 
H Tenepi. b CHMBOjniHecKOM "cMbicjie apxo npocTynaeT BHABBaAyajiBHoe, 
opraHHHCCKoe, Haiajio. B ciarae "Ochobu iioero MapoB033peHaa", HanncaHHofi 
b 1922 r., BejibrS OTMenaeT: "HnAHBHAyajn.Hoe — ijejioe nero 6u to hi 6mjio: 
noami, HAefi, HyscTB, BMnyjii>coB, hjih iiejiocTHOCTea scero BMecre; uh- 
dutudyoAbHoe do-nonxmuuHoeo u do-uyacmeeHHoeo oepaHUHenux i^ejiozo; uejiocT- 

HOCTb MCU3HU ItOtUUKUU eCTb CMBICJl" (fiblAejieHO MHOH. K. JI.)*. 



*BtMiu Audpeu. OcDOBbi uoero UHpoaoaapemia // JIirrepaTypHoe o6o3peHae. 
1995. J>6 4/5. C. 22. A 

690 



ToHKy, B KOTOpOH (pOKyCHpyeTCH B HeJIOBeKe eiO HHflHBBflyajIbHOCTi, 

HfreHHep Ha3bisaeT "co3BaHHeii" hjih "ayxoM", airrponococp Auflpeii BcmbiB 
— "caM0CO3aaBaeii": "xoaxpeTBbiM CBepx-«ryBCTBeHHbiM o6pa30ii "cy6*exTBB- 

HO-o6teKTHBHOH" (HHflHBBflyajliHOH) AeaCTBHTeJIBHOCTH. II 3TB AeHCTBHTejli- 

hocti> — fleiicrrBHTejn.HOCTi, Hamero "H".* IlapaAOKc boaoGbob fleHCTBJrreju.- 
hocth 3aKJiK)«iaeTCH b tom, «rro b aea Be npocTO yHHHToacaeTCfl oyajiH3M pa3yua 

fl HyBCTBa, 6bITBfl H BOHflTBfl, "H" H "ae-H", BO B03BBXaeT HOBOC KaieCTBO, 

b KOTopoi* oabh 3JieMCHT oAHOBpeueBHO penpeseHTHpyeT apyrofi: Hanpmiep, 
"Ayx" b 3tom ciiwcjie Bcer^a npoHBJiaeTca xax "nJiacTHHecxax <popiia" — 06- 
pas; "co3iiaHHe" Be OTAejifleTcx ot HBABBBAyajibHoro "TWia". • » 

HHflHBHflyyM KOHKpeTeH — cbhboji xoaxpeTea TBKxe. Ho Be/ib "unea" 
b <pajioco<pBB IlheBHepa h "ayx" b ero aaTponoco^tCKou yieHHB Bcer«a 
"jujieBbi" Kan "xoaxpeTHue mobocm" — uepacHJieHHMbie eAJmaubi. Hiteaao 
opraHBHecKHH npaHunn CMbicjionoJiaraHaa, (popsiapyioupiB nip auiBbix cy- 
mecTB, jiescamBB b ocHOBe yneaBB TeTe h o xyAoxecTBeaBOM caMBOJmsiie, 
a o (pHJiococpCKOH "uaee", b o apapooBOii opraHB3Me-"jieTaMop<pcxie", cxpen- 
Jiaer b uejiociHoe eAaacrBO xax CBMBOJnmecxyio "peajibHocrb" AsApex Bejio- 
ro, Tax b "AyxoBHbie" ("HAeajibBbie") Mapbi Pyflojucpa IQTeBHepa. 

HHflBBBflyajrbHOCTb, xax Taxosaa, apne BCero bbxoabt csoe Bbipaaceaae 
b KOHKpemtWM H&Aoaeice; a Haafiojiee tohho noHBTb a B3ynrrb bo3mojkho toju»xo 
co6cTBeBByio BBAHBBAyaJibBibcTb. B Bfleajie hmchbo aBTo6aorpa(pBH, t. e. 
MaTepaajibi co6cTBeHHOB xbshb, npeACTasJiHiOT co6ob, c tohkb spetran "cbm- 
BOJiBCTa" Tere u aHTponoco<pa-CBMBOJUiCTa AiiRpen Bejioro, HfleajibHoe "npo- 
B3BefleHae", xyAoacecTBcBayH) qejiocTHOCTb, Tax xax jiioGan xyAoacecTBeauaa 
(popna — 3to opraaiisii, BBABBBAyyx, chmboji; bo b chmboji — 3to, b cbohj 
oiepeflb, MBAHBBAyyM. IIoaToify asoopaacemie xoaxpeTBOB BHABBBAyajn>BOCTB 
(Saorpaipaa), b Hfleajie xy^oacecTBeHHoe "BomiomeaHe" cauoro ce6x (bbto6bo- 
rpa<pBx), HBJiaeTCH HaafkiJiee aAexBaTBbiii CBMBOJiy-oprajrauiy b BcxycCTBe. 
Xopomo B3BecTBO, hto oaay TpeTi TBopnecKoro HacjieflHH TeTe cocTaBjunoT ero 
coHHaeBBS aBTo6Borpa^)BiecKoro xapaxTepa, a eio posiaHbi nosecTByioT 
o "BoenBTaaHx" (Bild-xmg), t. e. npoi^ecce "oSpaa-OBaaaM" HBABBHAyajibaocTH 
HejioBexa. AaApex Bejioro Taxace HUTepecyeT cpopMBpoBaBne co6ctb6bboto 
n cauoco3HaaBx". C cepeABHbi 1910-x rr. oh paGoTaeT aaA MHoro^oiCJieHHbiuH 
caHO-Bccjie^oBaunHMH (b xy^oatecTBeHHOB npo3e, b cxBxax, b AaeBHBKax 
b AOKyMeBTajn>aoB aBToSBorpacpBHecKoa npo3e), 3axoaoMepao saBepurHBiinj- 
iiBCH TeopeTBiecKBM TpyaoM "HcTopaa CTaaoBJieaBx caiiocoaHawmeB nyaxa", 
rue orflejibHbie caMOHaGjooAeuHB a paccyatfleHHB 06 BBAHBBAyyiie Aaflpee 
BejioM o6o6meHbi ao noBavaiiaa xyju>Typbi xax BHflBBHAyyMa bjth, flpyrBMH 
CJIOB8UB, "opraHB3Ma"-CBMBOJia. 

3TOT BOKbIB 3T8B pa3BBTHH CBMBOJIBHeCKOB TCOpBB BejIOTO MOHCBO, BOXa- 

Jiya, onpefleJiHTb xax CBoeo6pa3Hbm "aHTponoco<pcKBH cbmbojih3m", kotab aa 
nepBoe uecTO BbiflBHraeTca HsyneHae cyiqHOCTH "opraHBHecKoro" jKBBoro chm- 



* EejiMU Atidpeii. Ochobh uoero UHpoBoaapenna // Jln-reparypHoe oSoapeHBe. 
1995. J>6 4/5. C. 22. 

23* 691 



BOJia-HHABBHAyyMa. B "HcTopmi CTaHOBJiemiH caMocoaHatomeii flyimi", xaca- 
HCb 3Toro speMeBB, Bejitrn muneT: "...yac c 1910 rofla mhc crajio othctjihbo: 
chmboji ecTi oSpaa dyxa b ayine" (vbipfineao mboh. — H. JI.)*. 

Ero "BocnoMHHaHHa o IIlTeHHepe" — Ta ace caiiax nonbrrxa hohbti. ce6a 
KaK "Hfleio b hbjichhh", kbk chmboji: Be/p. ffireHHep ocmbicjihctch mm Kax 
"KomtpeTHO-HfleajiBHoe" co3Haane, nOBTopHKunce b cbohx "flyxoBHBrx" ocuoBa- 
HBflx HHflHBHflyajrbHOCTb caHoro AHflpen Bejioro. PacKpbtBaa co6cTBeHHyjo 
"flyxoBHyw" ocHoay, ciirraiOT nLreHHep at Bejiua, BoaiioatHO noHjm, "Hfleaju.- 
Hyio" cymHoeri. Burn, noTOMy «rro "nyx" a "bach" BAeirra<iBM, ohb npe«- 
CTaBJunoT co6ob oco6yw "TeKynyio" h noflBHacuyio <popiiy — raepraio ("o6pa3 
flyxa"), KOTopyw mobcho onucam* b cpHJiocotpcKO-acTeTHieciuix KaTeropHax 
"paiMa", "rpa/uuma", "KOHxpanymrra", "KOMUJieicca", "co-3HaHHH n , "cbmbo- 
Jia", «rro a aejiaer "TeopeTBK" Eejitrfi; iiobcho "ytudenu," • oSpaae "KanjiH", 
n BCKopKB"- n HacTMu>i n nJiaMeHB, "bctkb", Kax, HanpHMep, ee "Bo-o6paacaeT" 
aeMeuKMB cpeflHeaeKOBMB ifacrax MeacTep 3xxapT; iiobcho U3ynanu> KaK "iie- 
TaMop<p03y" bjib opraHHiecxBB "ran" — HaynHbiB "oSieKT" Tete; a mokuo 
"«-Mcum*cx" b any "(popMy", scan. xb3B&io "oyxoBHoro cymecrBa" — 3flect 
oopeaejieme coBnaaaeT go CBoeo6pa3HMM "caMO-nyxoTBopHecTBOii", bchto 
noflooHoe npoacxo/jBT b airrponococpcKOB "BHTyBuaa". 

Htbx, "o6pa3 flyxa" ("chmboji", "caMoco3HaHBe") b npeflCTaBJiaeT co6ofi 
cyiqHocn. »h3ub — - ee CBepxtyBCTBeHHMa, "opraHHHecKHa" HMnyju.c, koto- 
puB TeTe Koraa-TO H83Baji "crpeMJieHHeM k o-cpopMJieHmo" (Bildungsbetrieb), 
a ApHCToreju> eine paaee "sHTeJiexaea". 3aflana bctbhhob HayKB, n03HawmeH 
nap, KaK ee noHHMaeT Bcnefl 3a nfreHHepoM Bejitra, boaobtb k ocHOBaHHHM 

XCB3HH. Il03T01iy B CBOeM "ceMBHapaa" DO BOnpOCaM "aHTpOBOCOCpCKOTO rerH3- 
Ua" B KHBTe "PyflOJIbCp IIlTCHHCp B Text B MHpOB033peHHH COBpeiieHBOCTB" 

— Bejn>ia CTOjn> MHoro bhhmbrhb yflejiieT hmchho Hay«mo-cpHJiococpcKHM 
HHTyHipuEM nrreaaepa, ciHTaa, «rro b cospeiieaHOB <pa3BKe, Gepynqen caoe 
Ba<iajio, no3BOJiHM ceoe KajiaitSyp, b "Haiajiax" HbwroHa a hoboh <J>bjioco- 

4>BB, KpBTBHB31f B "HeOKpBTHUB3M" KOTOpOB OCHOB8H HB yieHBB KaHTB, 

noiepjiH cairaa t-jiaBHua "no3HaBaTeju»Hi»iH" 3JieMCBT, xoTopua eflHHcrseHHo 
cnocoSeH co6paTB b ueJioe Ham pa3JiOMaHHbm Ha "HayHHO-TeopeTaiecKHe" 
KycoHKB nap: nOHBifaHae JTjpupodu KaK "opraHHiecKon" bcb3hb a "paarjiafl" 
MhicAU kbk "atBBoro" o6paaa, MeTaiiopcpoabi, "schshh cauoa mbicjih". Aarpo- 
nococpBH we, c-niTaeT Aaflpen Bejibra, b ecTB HacTOHimaH (pajiococpaH — He 
AoeuuecKoe TeopeTH3BpoBaHHe, orpamiHeHHOCTB KOToporo Tax npexpacHO y«a- 
jioci. noKa3ati> Kasiy, ho 6earpaHBHHaH "xhshi," flyxa, KOTopyio cKpenjueT 
oco6aa "o6pa3Haji" jioniKa (cexn cyataeHHH) — Jloeoc. Oh b cTanoBHTca 
b pe3yjUTaTe eiqe oahbh chmbojiom, t. e. cooTBercTBHeM Cbiibojui — b b tom 
SHaiCHBH, kbk ero noHBiiajia flpeBHerpenecKaH TpajniUHH (repaKJiHTOBCKBB 
"oiHeHHua" pam Bwthb), b b ciiucjie xpacraaHCKO-rHOCTBHecKoro Jloro- 
ca-XpacTa. Tbkhm o6pa30M, Bejn>ni bhabt rjiyooxoe BHyTpeHHee eflHHCTBO 
<pBJioco4>CKoro a aaTponococpcKoro "HMnyjibca" EHxeBHepa. Bojiee -roro, on- 



' BtAbtu Andpeu. HcropH« CTasoBJieaax ^auoco3HaionfeH aynm. C. 718. 

692 



pe^ejiCHHe aarponococpHB: KaK npaKravecKoro "nyra caiioco3HaHna" — nyra 
k XpncTy, craHOBirrca b ero pasiiumJieinMX eme oahoh xapaKTepHCTHKofi 
cniiBOJiH3Ma. IIoao6hi>im o6pa30M EejibiB Hipaer h cjioboii "cotpHB", npoTH- 
BonocTaajiflH (fiuM>-co<fiuio h anmpono-coifiwo KaK TeopenrcecKyio "iiyapocTb" 
h Co<pBK> (3ymy wpa) — KOHtcpenmoe BonJiomeime "jkhboh" cyinHOCTH 
EoacaeH IIpeiiyApocTB, npraHOca b TaKoe TOJucoBamie cjiobb <rr6jiecK pyccKHx 
HAeft "cepe6p*Horo sexa". IlepBaa napa noiumrii (jioraxa — Jloroc) HeoflHO- 
KpaTBO B03HHKaeT b TeoptrHHecKHx bb3bx "PyAOJmpa nTieMHepa h rere", 
BeAfc 3fleci> HAeT peni. o cneunipHKe cpHJiocotpHH IIIreiiHepa, Bropas xe napa 

(cCHpHH Co4>IU) npOXOABT KpBCHOH HHTUO Hepe3 "BoCnOMHHBHKsT, TMia 

KOTOptrx, no aaicwcjiy Bejioro, "noKaaan awaBeHHyio Myflpocri." nTreHHe- 
pa-yqvreju. 

Kmtra "Py«<wn.<p m-reiatep u Teje" 6bijia aaAyiuuia Anapeeif BejibiM KaK 
"otbct" hb ipyA cBoero 6brainero copaTHHXa no cmiBOJmcTCKOMy ABHxeHHio 
3iihjdib KapnoBHHa Meraepa "Pa3MtnnjieHHfl o TeTe", BbiweAimiH b cbbt 
b 1914 r. Aarrop HOAaepraeT comhchhw npaBOMOHHocn. inresHepoBCKoro no,a- 
xofla k reieBCKOMy Hayvao-tpHJiocotpcKOiiy HacJieAmo. Dpn stom oh coBepineH- 
ho ne pasjniHaeT h He paaAenaeT lrrreHHepoBCKyio (pajiococpCKyio Teopmo 
"KOHKpeTHoro HAeajiHBMa" a airrponocotpCKHH '^ipaKTHiecKHii" nyn. nocrawe- 
hhb hacbjiuumx irapoB — csoeoopaaHyio aHTponococpcKyio xpHcrojionuo. 

MeTHep, HSsecTHbia b pyccKHx HHTeJiJieKTyajrbHbix Kpyrax ttTenea ("re- 
thct"), SHaTOK xyfloaiecTBeHHOro h (pHJiococpcKoro TBopnecTsa TeTe, kbk 
h 6ojn>nniHCTBO coBpeueHHiiKOB, HaxoAHJicH nofl BjnuHHeM nmpoKO pacnpo- 
CTpaneHHoro ifHCHHB o /nuieTaHTHaue reTe-yieHoro m, 3Ha«nn, o He3HBMHTe.ni.- 
hocth lereacKHX co<auieHHH no ecrecTBOSHaHHKi. Xopoino noHHiiaH Ten He 
Menee aHaiesne (pHJiocotpratHX pa6or TeTe, MeTHep oTptmaeT h 3Aeci> cpHJioco- 
(pHH> sejiHKoro noaTa ot ero "ihctoh" n033HH. Eonee Toro, 6yayni npHBepaceH- 
nat HeoKaHTHaHCTBa h peflaKTopoM HeoKaHTHaHCKoro (pHJiocoipcKoro acypHajia 
"Jloroc", oh HHTepnpempyeT reTeBCKyio "hamo" KaK ihcto (piuiococpCKyio 
cxeiiy, noAueHBB HaTyp4>njioco<pCKHH chiibojih3m TeTe co6ctbchhoh "kphth- 
tockoh" ycraHOBKofi. IIoaTOMy MeraepoBCKHH "reTH3n" mobcho, nowaJiyH, 
onpe/rejuiT& kbk imnroHoe reTeaeAeHHe 3hoxh pySeata npomjioro a mmeniHeio 
CTOJieTHH, KOTOpoe HccneflOBajio xyAoxecTBeHH&ril cum»oa Tent KaK acTcniHec- 
Kyio KaTeropsoo, a ero <pHJioco(pCKyio "aitdeio"(HAeia-o6paa) kbk KBHTHaHCKyio 
hjdi Haute HeoKaHTHaHCKyio "Hfleio" — b h8Cthocth, MeTHep nocTOHHHo 
ilHTHpyeT oAHoro hs caiibix aBTopaTeTHbix reTeBeflOB toh anoxn Kapjia Oop- 
jieHflepa. reieaCKaa: "opeaHiuta" (yneHHe o whbbix opraHH3uax — "MeTaniop- 
ipose" pacTeHHH ■ bchbothom "THne") h "tfiuautca" (yieHHe o inieTe) toji- 
KOsajiHCfc b ^uiocoipCKO-scTeTHHecKHx Tpyaax py6eaca XIX — XX bb. (b KHare 
Toro ace MeTHepa) KaK a6cTpaKTHue cxenti, a b ecTecTBeHHo-Hayratix coHHHe- 
hhbx KaK "cTpaHHOCTb" BejmKoro xyAOMHHKa — Hanpmiep b nonyjiapHbix 
jieimHHx 3HaueHHToro <pn3HKa r. rejn>iirojn>i(a. 

EUTefiHep ate, hbjuihci> AOKTopoii (pHJioco(pBH, HanaJi cbow AearejibHocTb 
"reTeseAa" c H3yneHHB HKeHHO HayvHoro iiacjieflHH TeTe: oh 6mji peAaKTopoii, 

KOlUieHTBTOpOM H BBTOpOM BCTyHHTejT&HblX CTaTen K HeTbipeil TOMBM "EcTecT- 

693 



aeHHO-HayHHtix TpyflOB" TeTe, H3.naHHi.ix b 1884 — 1897 it. IIoaTOiiy ecrecTBeH- 
BO-BayHHbie BarjiHflbi TeTe, noBJiwHumwe, KaK km yace OTifetajm, Ha <J>op- 
MHpoBaHHe ero co6ciBeHHOH HayHHO-epHJiococpcxoa Teopira, a 3aTeii airrpo- 

IIOCCMpCKOIO nOHHUaHHH HHTyBHBH, JierjIH B OCHOBy IHTeHHepOBCKOrO HOflXO«a 

KaK x (pHJiococpHH, Tax h k acreTaxe Tert. B 3tom, AyiiaeTCH, 6biJio npeauyioec- 
tbo lUTeHHepa kbk accjieaoBaTeju, neat. cpajiococpaH, aneTHxa a no3Taxa TeTe 

HepHCTOpjKHMO CBflSaBM C erO TOJHCOBBHHeM npapoobi B jjejioit. 

Bejma, AJia KOToporo, BO-nepatix, He cymecTBOBBJio, KaK H ana Meraepa, 
Henpepexaeiibix axaAeMBHecKHX aBropjrreTOB b aonpocax, xacaKunaxca: TeTe, 

KOTOpbtB, BO-BTOpMX, yate XO BpeitCHH BbDCOfla B CBeT KBBTH "Pa31fMmJieHHH 

o TeTe" npHHHJi aHTponococpcxaa "aiinyjii»c" a cBH3aji inTeaHepoBCKaa "koh- 
xpeTRbiH nAeajmaii" co csoea Teopaea "xoHxpeTHoro cniiB0jni3iia" a xoTopbia, 
B-ipeTucx, nponrryoapoBaji b oTjarane ot Meraepa Bee KOMueHTapim rObea- 
Hepa x ecrecTBeBHO-HayHHbni coHHHeHRHM TeTe, onapascb aa cboio Teopaio 
"airrponocotpcxoro caMBOJia3Ma", xax 3T0 3iyvn aa napafloxcaJiiHO, nocrar 
HBTyp<pajioco<pcKHH CBMBOJia3M Tcre a ero n cpB3axy" ropa3flo uiy6»e, neu 
"reTBCT" MeTHep a "reieaseM." ffireBHep. 

OcHOBHaa nojieiiHKa b XHare "PyflOjn><p IHreBHep a TeTe n paaropaeTCH 
aoxpyr noBBTBH ecTecTB03HaHHH, "aayKa" xax TaxoBoa. Bejiua pa36npaeT 
(fiuMco<f>CKue bctoxb "nyxoBHoa Hayxa", CBflSbiBax aHTponoco<pcxae CTyneHH 

"BHOIBaHHH" B AyXOBBbie MBpi»I (HMBTHHaHHIO, HHCHHpailHH), HHTyHUHK)) CO 

nrreaaepOBCKoa ao-airrponococpcKOH xaTeropaea "Ba,ea"-opraHB3)ia (xoHxpeT- 
hob afleea), cymHOCTi, xoTopoa, xax ynoiiaHajioci> Bume, cocraBJueT reTescKoe 
npefl<rraBJieHHe 06 opraBavecxoB cpopaie xax "jkhbom" a KoaxpeTBOii HyBCTaeH- 
HO-CBepxiyBCTBeHHoa eflHHCTBe hjih, Apyraua cjioBaiiH, iieTaMop<p03e. 

Ho nocKOJiuty Tenepi. Bejn.m noHaxaeT a coGcrBCBBbia cbmboji kbk 
aHTponoccxpcKyH) "afleio"-opranH3M, to "ayxosHaH aayxa" b ero KHBie npao6- 
peraeT tpyaxnaia csoe6pa3Horo cuMaoAuvecicoeo "HayKoyneHux" , hbjihhci. 060- 
caoBaBaeM Bcex GyAyinax tohhux Bayx, a caMBOJiaiecxoro ecmecmaoanoHux, 
BajieneBBoro yate b "opraHaxe" TeTe (b ero 6oTaHaxe, 30ojioraB a aHaTOMaa), 
a CHMBOJiHHecKOH MomeMamutcu — aayxa o "bcbb&ix" xoaxpeTHbix KOtauiex- 
cax laceji, 6a30B xoTopoa nocjiyacaT "apHTMOJiorafl", paapaGoTaHaax 3Haiie- 
hhtum MBTenaTHKOM Haxojiaeif EyraesbiM — otikmi Bejioro, a "flyxoBHoii" 
(fiuauKU — o Hea b "Pyaojiicpe mreaaepe a TeTe" rosopaTCH nonpoOHee scero, 
noTOMy <tio, no mjucjih Bejioro, aosoe Bpeiix 3a6tiJio HCKOHHoe SHaneHae SToro 
cjiosa: "npapofla b csoea hcjiocthocth". 

Bejn>m bbabt b ochobbhhh 6yflymea chmbojibmcckoh (pa3BKB "yneHae 
o useTe" reTe, KOTopbia, no ero mhchhw, BoccTaaaBJiaBaeT ApeBKeamee, 
repMeTBHCCKoe noBBMaaae "cBeTa" xax eflHHOH a HeiiaTepaajiuioa cyGcraHiiaa, 
npoTBBonojioacHOB Tbiie, BHflHT b Hei< "flyxoBHbiH nepBOBCTOx" peajn,Horo 
"ijBeTHoro" Mapa. 

OparaHajtbBOCTi. reTescxoro nonxo^a 3axjiiOHaeTca b toh, hto tot OTxpbi- 
BaeT coBepineHHO HOBbia HccJieflOBaTejiBCKHH paxypc — <pa3BOAOiaio 3peHHa: 
ero "caer" bbjibctch BByTpeHHBM cbobctbom iejioBe«tecKoro rjia3a, a npoaBJie- 
Hae Toro hjih hhoto "i)BeTa" 3bbhcht ot toco, nepes Kaxyio no cBoea hhtbhchb- 

694 



hocth nperp&ay — "MyTHyM cpe«y" (t. e. Ttuy) npoxoom cad. TaKiui 
o6pa30M, flyxOBHoe, 6oacecTaenHoe, bo o/nioBpeMeHao h HejiosenecKoe aaiaJio, 
t. e. HHCTbm opiCMwecKuii cimme3, (popaiupyeT KpacoHHtra o6jihk irapa. 

TeTeBCKaji "aayHBaH" h/h:h "cBeTa", orapbrro npoTBBOnojiojKHaa hmoto- 
hobckoh onTmce, flonojiHHeT TeopeTHHecKHe, aHTpOnOCOtpCKO-CHMBOJIHMeCKHe 
HHTyimBH Bejioro. 

"06paa flyxa" (ace tot ace chmboji — nojutHHCBaa "cpopMa" h ojniOBpeMeB- 
ho JUAeimax "cymaocTb") bo mboihx MHcnaco-oxKyjn»TBbix cxcTejiax ocMbic- 
jLHeiCH KaK "cBeT". Ho jniim. HeonjiaTOHHHecKH-xpHCTHaHCtcaH Tpa/nmmi pac- 
ciiaTpBBaeT cbct KaK "opraHHHecwm" CBMTe3, npncyiijnH "HfleajunoMy" nejio- 
BeKy — BoronejioseKy Hacycy XpHCTy h lejioBenecTBy b uejioM. 3h8hht, 
cornacHo aaTponocoipcKOMy cnMBOJiH3iiy Bejioro, XpHCToc a ecTb HacTOJua,irii 
chmboji, tot caitbin VBfpmtayyu, a KOTopoM npoHsoinjio BonjioineBHe "naeii" 
JUMHOCTH. IIo3TOMy B OCHOB8HHe BbRHH, npocTpaHCTBeaao-BpeMeBBoro KOH- 

TBayyva, KOTopoe Bejibm HccJie/ryex b "Pyaojiwpe IHrenHepe n TeTe", ob 
noiiemaeT crpaBHyio, aa nepsbrii B3rjiHfl, noHHTHJuiyio KOHCTpyianiK) 
"H-CaeT", a bo noaoay "cMbiCJia" HejiOBeiecKoro Bbrraa (hctophh r Kyjib- 
Typbi), o KOTopoM Kax 6yflTO H^eT pent b "BocnoMHHaHHHX o ntreijHepe", 
3asieHaeT: "Cbct XpHCToc npocBemaeT Bcex". * 

Chmboji "CBeT-XpHCTOc" cKperuweT xy/joacecTBemiyio crpyKTypy — TaK 
H XOteTCH CKa3aTb! CHMBOJIHHeCKHH "opraHHSM" — "BocnoMHHaHHH o IlfreH- 
nepe", KOTopue aawiBaiOTCJi h 3aBepmaioTCH Teuon Xpaera. 06paa UtTeH- 
aepa, kbk ob 3a«aH b CHMBOjnraecxoM npocTpauCTBe TeKCTa, npnoGpeTaeT 
HBBbie nepTbi xpncTonoflo6Horo "flyxoBHoro cymecTsa", "HfleajiBHoro nejiose- 
Ka", roBopa aHTponoco<pCKHM asbncou, ^yxo^ejioseKa. Caoeo6pa3Hoe aHTpo- 
nococpcKO-CHMBOJiHiecKoe "EsaHrejiHe ot Bejioro" noBecrByex o "Kper.TiiOM 
nyni" y«nrrejiH, KOToporo b flyxe iioshthbhctckoh anoxa HMeHyioT ^oKTopoai: 
ero yneHHKax, ero "neaTejEbHOCTH" b MHpy, B03aefleHHH "flyxoBHoro" XpaMa 
— TeTeaByMa, na^aioiqax "3aMeptBo" h BOCKpecaioiincx cjiymaTejiax "Kyp- 
coB n -nponoBefleH, Hy«e "IIpeo6pa»eeHHH" (h hmcbho b 3-fi rjiaae — bosmohc- 
Bbnl uauex aa Tpoimy), oco6oh 6jih30cth k iieMy asTopa — "juoGhmoto 
yieaHKa", KOToposiy oncpbiJicn "cbct" aaTponocotpCKOH hcthhm, 3aKJiH>HeH- 
BbiH b reTeBCKOM "yieBHH o ijBeTe". YnoMHaaBHa o "cseTe", B KOTOpOM, 
corjiacHO BejioMy, CKOBUeBTpapOBaao MaKCHMyM flyxoBHocrii h HH/jHBHflyaju,- 

BOCTH, nOHBJIHIOTCH B CBH3H CO DlTeHHepOM HeOflHOKpaTHO H KaK 6n6jieHCKHe 

aJuno3HH ("6jniCTaKiBBiH BHfl" "npeoGpaHceuuoro" ^oKTopa b "xphcthbhckhx" 
Kypcax jieKHHH, crpyinnHHCH "QaBopCKHa cbct" ero MaHaca-caMOCo3BaBHH, 
o6pas "HeonajiHMofi KynHBbi"; "flauaccKHH cbct", osapHBinnn EUTeHHe- 
pa-IIaBJia Ha ero nyra K xpacTnaHCTBy), h KaK KyjiiTypHtie napajiJiejra 
(reieBCKHH 4>aycT b nocjie^HeH cyeHe Bo3BeceHHH, ineKcnapoBCKHH TaMJieT 
b HCnojiHeHHH aKxepa MnxaHJia Hexoaa, chhmiipih Tpaajib — ueHTpaju>HaH 
Tena aHTponoco(pCKHx MHCTepira). 

Mothb "cBeTa Ha nyTa" cKpenjineT b e/jMHoe qejioe A»a nySjiHKyesibix 
aHTponococpCKHX cohhhchhh Bejioro — HCCJieAOBaaae reTeBCKoro cseTa npeo5- 
paacaeTCB B "socnoMBHaHHe" 06 anxponococpCKOM "cseTe — XpncTe — HfoeS- 

695 



aepe", ocaHBunoi 6yAymero yqeaaita flpxiopa b ero stH3HeHHi»ix cxpaa- 
ctbbhx a "pacmHpHBmHM" ero cauoco3HOHHe. B cyfltSe Aappen Bejioro 

— 3to nyn» on socTOHHoro aaoxepaaMa khktb Meafiji Kojuuraa "CBex 
Ha IlyTii", "BCTpe<ia" c xoxopoa, KaK 3aMe<iaex caii Bejitra, npoaaomjia 
b 1901 r., no jihhhob Bcrpevi c Py/»ojn.<poM JUxeiiHepoM b 1912 r., npe- 
o6pa3HBimiM CBMBOJDiHecKyK) "ncTHHy": "He a, ho XpacToc bo tnie!" 
B AeareJiuiocTH h yiemtH IHreBBepa — repoa "BocnOMBHaHHa" — nyn> 
or xeocotpcKoro "ocjienjieHaa" x aHrponoco(pBB, x "BaaeHmo" ^anaccKoro 
csexa. 

He MCHee SHaiHMa ajib "BocnoMBHaHaa" Teiia "cxpaciefi." — saxHaa 
b nepByjo onepeofc flJix caMoro Bejioro. IIocKOjn»xy chmbojiom "caMoco3HaBaa" 
aBTopa BBjuercH DIxexHcp, chmbojiom xe "Bcex HHflBBBflyyMOB" BOo6iae 

— Hacyc Xpacxoc, on MoaacpaaHpyeTca b TeMy rojiro<pii: xaaeHHe "xaBoro" 
CHMBOJia poaeHxpeibiepcTBa (xpecr b xpyre) b caMbri? apaMaTHHecKHH momcht 
<rreHHa oahoh hs jiexuxx Kypca "Xpacxoc a ayxoBHiie mpu" b JleanuBie 
(Aexa6p* 1913 — XHBapi. 1914 r.) npespainaexcx b o6pa3 "pacnaroro" nLrea- 
Hepa. MynrrejiMioe cxpoaxejibcxBO AepeBXHHOio aHTponococpcicoro "xpaua" 
rereaHyMa b xpyaHoa of»cxaaoBxe IlepBOB mbpobob bohhbi cxaHOBaxca "xpecx- 
hbim nyreM" ^oxxopa. Hassanae mBeanapcxoa AepeBymxa 6jib3 Baaejia, me 
B03B0/WICH TcTeaHyM, poacaaex xapaxTepHyio ajih Bejioro CMMCJiosyio arpy: 
J^opHax — AopH — TepHOBbm BeHeu. XpacTBaHCKaa CBMBOJnnta AonanBxexca 
hhcto 6eJU>BCKXMB ajuiK>3BHMa-o6pa3aMH. IIocToaHHO 3syTiBT Teiia "xoHipany- 
Hxxa": rapiiOHHHHOM hcjiocxhocxb "spaxaeGHbix" mothbob, nepecexaKuoaxca 

B BflBHOB TOHXe, B "C0-3HaHHIl", CTaBIUBll "caMOC03HaHHeM" B "BHABBBAy- 

yiie" (fl) DIxeHfiepa-Xpacxa, npaHaviaero Ha ce6a ace rpexa coBpeMCHHoa, 
"xpasBCHoa" anoxa. Ta xe xeMa noBTopaerca b My3bnce MHoroxpaTHO ynoMH- 
aaeaoro myuaHOBcxoro naxjia "JIkjSobi, noaxa", rfle rapMOHaa jooGbh paa- 
6xBaeTca o Bea36esHi>ie cxpajjaHiu B3-3a uauevbi Boajiio6jieHHOB — xoHaju.- 
hocti> nocJie^Hea necHa o6o3aa<ieHa HeTbipuiB xpecTOo6pa3HO pacnojioxeH- 
Hum oaesaMH. J^axe B3jno6jieHHbie BejibiM HaunieaHCKHe paxvu 
"3apaTycrpw" (cbmboji toto xe DDheaHepa!) rJiy6oxo cxpum b xaoce: xpare- 
aaa (acxyccxao = rereaHyM) poxAaexcx H3 ab orbcbbcxoio "Ayxa My3&ixa". 

Xojim nofl Ha3B8HBeM rojiroipa, mccto pacnaraa XpacTa, paaBepxuBaexca 
b npocTpaacTBO J^opHaxa — CBoeo6pa3Hyio 'Tojirotpy" nixeaHepa, ine Tere- 
aHyM, ero ueHxpajibHax xonxa (xpecT, KOHTpanyHKT), npaxHraBaex x ce6e cbju.i 
a "cseTa", u n TMa>i", npespaiqaeTCH b cmipajib, BBHHKBBaioiqyioca bo BcejieH- 
Hyio. Hoxap xe, yHaHTOXaBinaa rexeaHyii a HOBoroflBioio hohi> 1922/23 r., 

— BaxHeBmBB hum Bejioro TparaHecKaa cbmboji, BTor Been aeHTeJimocTH 
"seMHofi" jibhhocth IQTeBHepa. OHBH^aioiqiiB Orom., CBHTe3 "cseTa" h "uie- 
aa" ("xuiBi"), xax 6w CBMBOJiBHecKB BOCcxaHBBJiBraaeT B3Baiaju.HyK) <tBCTory 
mreaHepoBcxoro yneHBH, "acnopieHHoro", xax cwrraer Eeji&m, "BAeojiorHiec- 
kbmb cxeMaMx", "ayxoM AOrMaTaSMa h rnynoro neAaHxaaMa"*, MaxepBajiaao- 



* Butuu Andpeu. MaTepaaji k Saoipa^iBa (hbtiucbub) // MiiHyamee. HcropHiec- 
ni aJiuiaHax. M., 1992. Btin. 8. C. 434—435/ 

696 



BaamerocH hjui aero B "oKKyjtbTHfcix xeTKax", co3AaK>mHX BpajK/xeSHyio "«o- 
paaxcKyK) aTiioccpepy". 

CaM Bejitia He npnaepacHBajica "SyKBw" iHTeaaepoBCKOro yneHHA. Kaca- 
acfc "aoncaTOB" aHTponocotpHH, oh noflMepKHBaer b "HcTopHH cxaHOBJieHiui 
cauoco3uaioiiieB Ayinn": "...hjioxhm ycBoeHHeii n Haabisaio hx B3jiTHe jmnn Ha 
3y6oK, a He hx H3yneHHe bo Bcex KOHTpanyHKTax 3HaHeHHH, hjlh b Me-roflojio- 
ish h b (pHJiococpaji airrponoco<pHH, He b npopacxaBHax kcciob b ce6e". 
H flajiee: "H cxaxy napaflOKC, «rro AeHCTBnrrejn»HoCTi. aHTponocoipHH Tan 
HaHHHaeTCH, r^e OKahHusawmcji Texcr&i fl-pa IttrejiHepa"*. 

Teiia "Chmbojih3m AaapeH Bejioro n aHTponocotpHH 1 ', KOTopaR 3«ecb 
tojuko HaxeneHa, hosbojiht bhccth cymecTseHHtie KoppeKTHBM b noimiiaHHe 

aCTeTHHeCXHX B <pHJI0CO<J)CKHX yCTaHOBOK 3TOrO KJiaCCHKa pyCCKOTO CHM- 

BOJiaaiia. XoiercH 3aBepunrn. 3th pasMbunjieims o Texcxax, BnepBtie b Taxou 
o6i>eMe npeACTaBjiBKHDHX ainponococpcKHe cokhhchbh Bejioro, ero co6cTBeH- 
HbiMH cjtoBaiiH, cxaaaHHbnui no noaoay TeTe: oh "itaK <X>chhkc, Bbuiexeji 
H3 nemia mxamiOB h OKaaajica anepeaH Hamero apeiieHH, nepejiexeB cxo- 



jiexnji! 



!»•• 



Hpuna JIaeymuHa 



* BeMiu Andptu. Hc-rop** CTaaoaJieHiu cau:oco3HaK>meH aynm. C. 694. 
** Bejuxu Andpeu. BocnoMBHBHH* o DlTeBBepe. C. 267 HacT. H3A- 



COAEPKAHME 

PyftOJIb* fflTEttHEP H FETE B MHP0B033PEHHH COBPEMEH- 
HOCTH. Oner Daounno MeTaepy aa ero nepaua tom "PaaMMnuieamB o Ten" 

BcrynHTEnbHOE cjiobo abtopa 



TJIABA DEPBAfl. BBEREHHE 12 

§ 1. HecKOJiwto noacHHTejibHbix cjiob. — § 2. "Pa3m.nnJieHHe o Tere". — 
§ 3. Cjiobo asi-opa "PaaicunuieBBH o reTe". — § 4. IIpoAOJiaceHBe "Gnosa". — 
§ 5. IIpoTBBOpeiBe. — § 6. Ycjiobbh uocabbkb. — § 7. HapymeaHe npaBBJi. — 
§ 8. IlepjiM. — § 9. "KoJinan". — § 10. KapasaTypa. — § 11. IIpflroBop. — 
§ 12. IIjibb uoea khutb. — § 13. <Dopua orsera. 

TJIABA BTOPAH. PyflOJIM) BTTEftHEP B KPSTE HAIUHX B033PEHHft 24 

§ 14. Pyaoju.(p IHTeBHep b Kpyre HameS cjioaecaocTH. — § IS. PyAOJitcp mreaaep 
b anoxe. — § 16. PyAOJitip JSlttiaep a BBpoB033pBTejifcBMB tpyr- — 
§ 17. Ilpo6jieua co3aaHaa. — § 18. IIpo6jiei(a aaTponocoxpaa. — § 19. Me«HTa- 
tbbhbb iu.icjii>. — § 20. PynoJiup mreaaep a Tore. 

TJIABA TPETbfl. CBETOBAfl TEOPHfl rETE H PyROJIfc* QITEttHEP ... 39 

§ 21. Huotoh h Tore. — § 22. Kpacica h Kojiopu-r. — § 23. IIepece<ieBBe reopaH. 

— § 24. KoxHeHTapiiH A-pa nheaBepa. — § 25. 3KcnepBiceBTa.ni.BMB nyrt TeTe. 

— § 26. Cy6i>eKTBBBoe apeaae. — § 27. Teres B3rji*A aa npapoAy. — 
§ 28. Bospaaceaae TeTe HuoToay. — § 29. TeTe h aay<raa0 oirrnxa. — § 30. Mexa- 
HHHB3U. — § 31. OrHomeHHe k neuy a-pa IDTeBBepa. — § 32. CBeroBaa 
uera<pB3BKa Tere. — § 33. Oopityjia paanejieBBH HuoToaa h TeTe. — § 34. "Cbb- 
TOBBfipHe" diauiax Mereepa. — § 35. IIpothbhbk b cnopnpuc. — § 36. YieaBe 
A-pa IIlTeHBepa 06 oSiacaeaBB. — § 37. Ten Be uenee... — "cnopmHn"! 

— § 38. KpacKa eeri. aaiecTBO. — § 39. 4>H3Hxo-xm<B<iecitaa: CHCxeua. — § 40. Cb- 
Jia. — § 41. OnTHxa. — § 42. IIpo- a pe-rpeccBH. — § 43. Bpameaae cuticjia. 

— § 44. KaiecTBo. — § 45. Ba6paoBB. — § 46. MeTOAaiecKaa muopajiaav. 

— § 47. Tac SpeaacBT caer. — § 48. "OraHOBJieHHe", "cTasmee", 6flOreae3BC b A-p 
mTCBaep. — § 49. IIpoTO-ipeBoiieB b nepaopacTeaBe. — § 50. Onxiuca 
b Heo-cpaaaiecKofi <|)BJioco<pBB. — § 51. HenocpeACTaeBBOCTb CBeTa. — § 52. 
Teres cbct. — § 53. IIpaKcac caeTB. — § 54. ILniopo-Ayo-uOBBSic. — § 55. 
MopajitBoe BoenpaaTBe KpacKa. — § 56. JKh3bi KpacKH. — § 57. BoajiomeBBOCTi. 
TeTeaOH apacKB. — § 58. "XpouaTococpBa" b 3i*hjihh Memep. — § 59. "Tere 
6j,ui... — KyjiKryp-Tperep!". — § 60. 3aaaTae caeTOTeBMO. 

717 



TJ1ABA HETBEPTAH. METOflOJIOTHfl PyTJOJIiOA UTTEftHEPA Ill 

§ 61. Mob paa6op. — § 62. 3,-p DlTeHHep b Kbbt. — § 63. "KpHTHtmau" ■ 3uhjihh 
Meraep. — § 64. "Kparaiecjcaa" npo6jieica. — § 65. 3,-p DlTeHHep b "icpaTH- 
na3u". — § 66. Kbht b uctoa. - - § 67. Teopaa snanan a A-p DlTeHHep. — § 68. 
KpHmta fl-pou DlTeBBepou noaanflfl KanTa. — § 69. Teopaa 3HaHB> a-pa 
nixeBHepa. — § 70. D,-p DlTeHHep h "oimt". — § 71. TaoceoJionui, Jioraxa, 
ueracpBJHKa, uHCTHKa. — § 72. fl-p DlTeHHep h ueroA. — - § 73. MexaHHOHau, 
MaTCMaTHKa a a-p DlTeHHep. — § 74. H,-p IDTeatBep h lceTonaiecKBa muopajiaau. 

— § 75. 3,-p DlTCimep ■ CHcreita aaya. — § 76. MapoBoaapeaBe, loptomynterae, 
tob. — § 77. Tpananaa uapoBOaapeBBB, chctcm: njnopo-Ayo-icoaasM. — § 78. 
MapoBi»3peaBe b acTaaa. — § 79. ApacToreJib, <pB3aica, Tei*. — § 80. 3,-p 
QlTCBBep ■ Teie. — § 81. D,-p nTreaaep a Meraep. — § 82. Tiiaaita «a namca". 

rJIABA IIHTAfl. CBETOBAH TEOPHfl FETE B MOHO-^O-nJIIOPAJIbHMX 

3MEJIEMAX 154 

§ 83. OasacuiorBiecKaa: cacreica. — § 84. <X>B3BOJiora3aiuu, (paaBKainu. — § 85. 
Terea oer a "Teasa*". — § 86. Teres cb«t b TCBCTHiecKOM oKJtyjn.THsae. — § 87. 
Teres caer ■ TpaHcneHAeHrajraaue. — § 88. TeTea caer a aaiypajmaKe. — § 89. 
TereB cbbt b HaTypanaCTHiecKOii UHCTHinuue. — § 90. TeTea caer a siumpasice. 

— § 91. TeTea cbbt b aoJnoBTapHaue. — § 92. TeTea cbct b BHTyaTBBBOii jioraaice. 

— § 93. Terea cbbt b rBOcranasiie. — § 94. O tom »e. — § 95. Terea caer a lacroii 
HBTyamBasice. — § 96. Tetea caer a o6paTHOii nopanxe. — § 97. TeTea cbct 
a aBTponococpHB. — § 98. <X>aJiococpB* aHTponococpHa. — § 99. Toiaaa (paBTaaaa 
kmcjib. — § 100. Merauopcpoaa cosaaHBB. — § 101. HaeoJiorBji b rpaaaiuu a-pa 
DlTeBBepa. — § 102. HoMaaanaaii, pe&JiaaM a noHBMaHBB rpaaanHOBjaou. 

— § 103. ^oncaTBieciBB "K0HCnBeaTB3if". — § 104. PaccyflOK b paayu — a rpa- 
qaqafl. — § 105. ABrpoBOcoijma b rpanam.1 noaaaHB*. — § 106. AHTponococpHa 
h Tcopaji aaaBBi. — § 107. AHrpouocotpaa aucjm. — § 108. AaipoiiociMpBa: 
b apyr aumx Tepiumoa. — § 109. AHTponocotpm b npoerrBBnau. 

TJIABA mECTAH. PyROJIbO DHEttHEP H — KAHT, TETE, TETEJIb, 

duiatoh, urea, om>rr, optahhka, mhp bheiuhhH, mhp bh>tpeh- 

HHft (HTHJIOXEHHE) 199 

§ 110. n,aa o6paaa mucjth. — § 111. 05BHnB.TevibHi.iH axr. — § 112. CxaTBCTHKa 
o6bhhchbb. — § 113. Kojitrjo Ha6ejiyBra. — § 114. Akpbthihocti.. — § 115. 
TereaHCTBO. — § 116. 4fauioco4>cKaa noaaiuu rcreancTBa. — § 117. TpaacneHfleH- 
Tajuuu: Bem» b ce6e. — § 118. Tere b Kbht. — § 119. KaHTBaHcrao b "(p-neara". 

— § 120. Kbht b BejjaBTa. — § 121. Coaepnaaae. — § 122. CuemeBB*. — § 123. 
Hflea y Tere. — § 124. PasuTBe bb back) h om>rr. — § 125. Kbht, IIjiaTOH, TeTe: 
BHOBAeBT c K. OopjieBAepou. — § 126. BaojiorBHecxaB Sjiohahh. — § 127. TeTe 
h Terejit. — § 128. "fflecrBpana". — § 129. IIapoo6pa3oaaHBe. — § 130. OnuTti. 

— § 131. Map BBemsBB b BByrpeBBBB. — § 132. KpaTBKa — Kpirr — xpax! 

— § 133. Pycjiaa b JIioniiBJia. — § 134. KpaTBiecxa* ceAMapana. — § 135. 
TpaaoKomBHBe. — § 136. OpraHHUaau TeTe. — § 137. YieBjie o nporo-THne. 

— § 138. flapBHHBaauHH Tere. — § 139. JJ^-p DlTeHHep h Teucejib. — § 140. 

718 



Attains. — § 141. l'ere a cpHSHica. — § 142. Tpora-rejibiioe cornaciie. — § 143. 
Tojitoa. - § 144. B KOTopuS, b KOTopbia!.. — § 145. IleTbie nepeneBti: neceu, 
ncThix ne pas... — § 146. YcTajiocTH "pyccKoro nrreiiHepiiaHiia''... - § 147. 
Cnuojiasu. — § 148. Tojictmb toimik. 

BOCnOMHHAHHfl IDTEftHEPE 

BBEREHHE 256 

TJIABA 1. PyflOJlb* mTEftHEP KAK ^EHTEJIb 264 

TJIABA 2. Py^OJIb* IDTEftHEP KAK HEJIOBEK 292 

TJIABA 3. Py^OHL* BTTEftHEP KAK JIEKTOP H DEflATOr 336 

TJIABA 4. yHEHHKH PyROJIbOA IBTEHHEPA 381 

FJ1ABA 5. PyftOJIbO mTEftHEP H flOPHAX 428 

TJIABA 6. PyftOJIbO mTEftHEP B TEME "XPHCTOC" 493 

BMECTO nOCJIECJIOBHH 533 

CUHCOK yCJIOBHMX COKPABpimft B KOMMEHTAPHHX 536 

KOMMEHTAPHH (H. H. Jlaiymma) 537 

npanomEUUE. AiiApefi EenM». H3 BOCnOMHHAHHft. "HAHAJIO BEKA" 

( r> 6epjiBBCKa> ,< peA«imw») 636 

Bejifcrna — 

IlepexoAHoe spetui 647 

y HlT«HHepa 651 

Ea3e.n1. — <I>BnBay — DlTyTrapT — BepjiHH 657 

KOMMEHTAPHH (M. Jl. Cihuok) 667 

H. H. Jlatymuna. B IIOHCKAX yTPAMEHHOft HCTHHM 686 

yKA3ATEJn> HMEH 698