INTRODUCTION. In syntax there is one most important difference between the Eastern and the Syntax Astern Groups.. In the latter the Past Tenses of Transitive ,. . ' Verhs are construed passively. They do not say « I struck mm but ' he was struck by ifle,' «M»-rf mh ma,r&. In the former this is not the case Ine active construction is used throughout, as in the Bengali ami mU-M marildm, 1 struck him. The alphabets used by the Eastern Group'of languages follow geographical rather Alphabets than lin§uistic lines- Thu8> while the so-called Bengali ' alphabet is that usually adopted for writing Bengali and Assamese, a corrupt form of the Khmer alphabet is used for writing Bengali on the borders of Burma and the KaithI for writing the same language on the borders of •Bibar. For Bihar!, the usual alphabets are the Deva-nagari and the KaithI, but the Oriya alphabet is used for the forms of Biharl spoken in Orissa. For Oriya the usual alphabet is the Oriya one, but in north Orissa, it is the Bengali,'and on the borders of tue Marathi and Eastern-Hindi-speaking countries it is the Deva-nagari. Pull parti. culars of these alphabets will be found in the- proper places. Suffice it to say here that they are all related to and based on the same system as the well-known Deva- - nagari form of script. The only prominent irregularity is shown in the Chakma alphabet used for Bengali on the Burmese frontier, in which the inherent vowel in each consonant is not a but a.