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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

30

BENGALI.

intended to represent this sound, tho syllable '« is \iw\\   Thus *Tt«f tfafc&a, *!Fta
So also in representing  Knjrlish   wonK in  tlw Bengali  character, wo have
efta&iml, academy, irt-5 w/v/c/» mud.    As for the wnrJ meaning ' one/  I have seen it
spelt, 5Jtf y^i* and even "*»K </**.   Sonwlimi's tlu> sound is represented by merely the
letter ®tf A, but this is only when the following consonant, is pronounced as a double
letter.   Thus ?faT *«*#<'• •'* winner, is pnmounml A«/Mv>.
The sound /?, need not Irouble us much, If is fhe sound of aw in * awl/and is
really the long* sound of <>. In some Ka^tern nisiriota, <\//.t Cnehar, this A is used instead
ofo. Thus «ww««/MJ\of a man, is pronounced munuxh'lr. As In the above example,
the sound is represented by the letter «r a.
The sound <?, is that of the a in Mane,1 It is usually ropivsiwiw'l by the letter 4
e> thus C?C*f </<w, in a country, Sometime^ it is representeti in a>ll»M|uinl language, by
«T$Mi Thus ^t%fcC5 khfrit**) pronoumvd eolhxjui'illy M#/;.
The sound*7 has two elosely related prominmt in us. The sign c represents both
the sound of the /' in the French word *et?ut/ and tin' sound of e in 'mot/ It will be
noticed that there is very litth* aitTerenee in these two sounds, but if wo wish to be extra
accurate, \ve may represent th« fir^t soiuut hy the *iu;t\ /\ without any diacritical mark
at all. The fir»t sound in ofl»'n pronounred ?is if it was <i, and {bore is a continual
tendency for one sound to float info th«» other, Thus •.<»'•* t~k> is as often pronounced
ek or e.k aa «&, and W* 'lekfui i* as otVn pronounced ///-AA/J, or f/A'^5 as (hiklw. This
sound is tilso regtilarly heard in verbal ttsrminatioris, rvs in '^f-iwfl knrilSn^ pronounced
korilen or korilfn, he made As will be seen from Hit* above examples, this sound is
represented in Bengali \vriiin|f by tho letinr vfl f% The other sound IT, is mot in words like
1!ip^ A^Aafi (fcft'aW),' l(w», prononn(5ed M^t, and -Ifffi* tiynkti (tftikti)* a person, pro*
nounced Ae^t. It is r(»pres<^nted in writing by the letter ^ a combined with the
compound * ^A> and by y<t when following tho letter 4 w or /;» or w may say that ^
k$ha and ^J" t?ya are pronounced H^ and &<», respectively. A^ the pronunciation of
these two short sounds, # and c, in nearly identical* I «hall not in future attempt to
distinguish botweea thorn, but, when writing phonetically, uw! not transliterating, shJl
represent both by A
The sound of o is that of tho o in * home/ or in th<- French word * vritre/ meaning
* yours,* not * your/ It is usually represented by the letter « 5, hufc^ at the end of a
word IE standard Bengali* it is represented by *l a* Tlais C^T*n fckosd, a husk, pro-
nounced IhdM) and fiw <?AA$7a, lie was, pronounced c/iHlQ** In writing dialectic Bengali,
this 5*sounding final a is written « d, Tbus tfAAifa is written fiRWt ^Ai/5.
The sound which I call o Is the short sound of tie loni? i> in * home, *' votrc** It
must be carefully distinpished from the short o which w hear in * hot/ We hoar it in
the French word * votre/ 'your/ a» compared with * vfttrt*/ c yours.* In English, it is
the first o in the word promote, in which the second 0 would bo represented by 5, It
occurs in Bengali in tbe very common verb &8S hmti, to be, which is pronounced koUe>
and also in other special words. Thus ^ &*#, a forest, in pronounced bon> and ?to
BaM^to speak, bolite. In theso cases it is represented in writing by the letter «f a.
On the other hand, ia words like C^Tfrftfl #%a#a, lie lost, pronounced khw&ilo, it is
represented by the totter « &
rgt to i«lbTottiTlu^n^tToa of i