INTRODUCTION. The sound which I call 6 is the commonest sound in the language. It is the sound of the o in 'hod* and c hot/ It is represented by the letter a, when not at the end of a word. Thus *m anal* fire, is pronounced onol. It has a Jong sound, like the aw in 1 awl,- which I represent by d> and which, as I have already said, is heard in the Eastern Districts. With these preliminary remarks, I proceed to give a brief account of the method of pronouncing Bengali, as spelled in the Bengali character. I shall in each case give only the correct transliterated letters, and not the original Bengali ones. The vowel a is usually pronounced as <5, in 'hot.' Einal a is not pronounced, except after a double consonant, as in fabda, a sound, and in adjectives and Sanskrit Passive Participles. Thus, cJMta, small; krita, done. It is also pronounced at the end of verbal forms, as in karila, he did, but is not pronounced in such forms which end in *, as karis, thou doest, m, as karilam, I did, or ra, as karilen* he did. When thus pro- nounced at the end of a word, a is sounded like 5. Thus the above words are pronounced, chhoto> krito9 and korilo, respectively. In the syllables ksha (khya) and &a9 a is pro- nounced e, see above. In the Eastern Districts, a has often the sound of d, see above. Medial a is sqjnetimes pronounced 0, as in haUa, he was, pronounced hoUd. The sound of this o, not 5 or 6, is explained above. So ban, a forest, pronounced ten; baUte, to speak, pronounced bolike* The vowel a is usually pronounced like the a in * father/ When the syllable ya appears in a word, it is pronounced 0, like the a in « had f or chai ' Thus, fflakha, see, pronounced ddkho. On the other hand, in the colloquial language, the two syllables di, are often, but not always, pronounced like e. Thus kbapte* to eat, is pronounced khete, but not so gaite, to sing. Before a double consonant, and before a single consonant which is pronounced as a double one, a is pronounced more or less like the d in fi had * or « hat.' Thus p anchama fifty-five, pronounced ponchdmo ; vakya, a sentence, pronounced bdk&o. The vowel e is usually pronounced as the a in * lane. Thus, dese, in a country. It sometimes has the short sound of e or e described above. Thus, karilSn^ he did, pro- nounced korilen. Sometimes, it has the sound of a in c had ' or ' hat. ' Thus dekha, see, pronounced ddkhd. Eor the future, whenever e is pronounced e or e, I shall transliterate it by & The vowel 6 is usually pronounced as the second o in € promote.* Sometimes it has the sound of the first o in < promote, ' or ofthe> in 'votre.' Thus khdyaila, he lost, pronounced khowailo. As regards single consonants,— The letter ohh is pronounced as* in * this,1 by the vulgar, and in the Eastern Districts. The letter^ y is pronounced.;, excejpt when it has a dot under it, thus CT ye, who, pronounced /*, but *falt kariyd, having done, pronounced iorfy& ^ In future, when it is necessary, I shall transcribe a y which is pronounced as /, thus, J. The two syllables NQStfiya, are pronounced as wa. Thus, ^3Ąt Jiaoyd, being, is pronounced howa. The letter t? is always, when not compounded \vith another consonant, pronounced ft. Indeed, the same character is used for both Sanskrit 6 and Sanskrit t?. Thus varva* colour, is pronounced borno. The sound of t> or w being thus lost from the alphabet, Bengali has to represent it by the Utters gyd> as just explained.