to elision, thus Mia for kahila, he said; kaOhh for faWtot I shall say, ch&Ua, for
chdhila, he wished*
On the other hand# is aspirated in odphfy for bdp, a father,
As in Oriya, initial n is* very often changed to I. Thus ifre have Ujer$ foxnijw, of
one's own ; laya* for nay, I am not ; V&y for n'ay, like ; Idch for ndch, dancing ; litti (see
ahove) for nit*a, continual ; Iitirdn-garer Lall&rm, Nara-narayan of Narayan«gayh.
(II) In the declension of No&ms> allusion has been already made to the Oriya abla-
tive in «, in words like mdjhu> from among ; sethinu, from there- There is a locative in i
in words like ekkdthi, in one place ; ptith£&UB in the school. A termination of the genitive
is kdr in words like lokkdr, of a man ; tdmekdr or tdnnaMr^ of them. The correspond-
ing termination in Oriya is kara> which is only used in the plural.
(III) Several irregular forms of the Pronouns have been noted. These are mui
the old singular * I * ; from this we have, mo-fi^ to me ; wor, my ; mdnn$> we , and morhe
our ; mormanfcnr, of us. From the regular dmi> we have a dative plural, dmdnnabe, to us!
The series for the second person is not so complete, but we have tui (old singular), thpu
(used with a verb in the singular); tui, thou (honoriiie, used with a verb in the plural) *
and a curious form tan, meaning * thy. * For the third person we have tan (honorific/
his ; tame, they, and tdnnefcdr as well as i&mdk&r, of thorn.
With regard to Verbs, a peculiar negative suffix m or mfo, must first be mentioned.
It occurs in words like, 'j&i-ni> not having gone ; haya-ni, it is not ; a^Gh1w,wi> thou hast
not given ; jp£tf-*j, I did not disregard ; dila~niJc#, he did not give ; jdnchhu*nik<tr do you
not know ; chdila,*nika, he did not wish. .
In the conjugation of verbs, the personal terminations used are, to already pointed
out, those of Oriya.
As regards conjugation, the Present is regular. The Present definite is contracted
from the standard, form. Thus jmebh*, you know, for j&ntttetfa. But mx>re usually
an entirely different form is adopted, in which the auxiliary is formed from a base
Thus we have—
it I am doing.
i ttou art going,
you are feeding.
haya-fJie] he is*
As examples oi: the Past tense -may be- quoted—
thai-tit, 1 was, standard^ ehUUm, Of iya twit.
pdni, I got, j, paiiam.
porni, I£ell, „ parildm,
Mfa, tliOM didst, standard, karilg,
f&lu, thou weakest, f,
buslit, thou; didst sit^ „
(pron. JMIo^Jhe toade, 5,
(pron. hotto), he was^ „
Of the Perfect, which is also extremely-contracted; I quote the following examples*
It will be noted 'that the c&h is sometimes doubled/ and,N Sometimes nd£- '