Skip to main content

Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

See other formats


We thus find that Northern Bengali is spoken by  the following number of
people:—_____________                                         _____

Name of' District.

Number of Speakers*


Pabna      »      •      .

•       ,       .

Malda (Koch sub-dialect)    .
Purnea (Siripuria sub-dialect)








The following points may be noticed regarding the form of the dialect spoken in
Dinajpur :—
The system of spelling and pronunciation closely follows that of Central Bengal,
the more contracted forms of the verbal conjugation being as a rule followed. Here
and there we meet the letter I used instead of r, as in the word 6wUe for farirS, in a
As regards vocabulary note the use of the word tdbat, the Sanskrit tdvat> to mean
1 everything.*
In the declension of nouns, there is a Locative Singular in et mat Examples are:
kazhtet, in trouble; pdyet, on foot ; kh&it, in the field; d§fat9 in the country; hatat,
on the hand; kdchhat, near. The Nominative Plural sometimes takes the same form as
that of the Instrumental Singular. Thus, chhdoydte, pronounced chhdwdte, children*
Besides the usual Genitive Plural ending in dert for diger> as in bidder, of harlots,
there is a similarly contracted Accusative Dative Plural, as in cMkardek, to the servants;
bandhudek* friends. In the Pronouns also, it will be seen that there is a tendency to
drop the final e of the Accusative-Dative termination ke.
In regard to the pronouns, the pronoun of the first person is h&mi, I. Its Accusa-
tive-Dative Singular is hdmdke, "or hamdk, its Genitive Singular is hdmdr, and its Nomi-
native Plural is hdmrd. Similarly, for the second person, tumi is ' thou,' the Genitive
Singular of which is tumor, and so on for the other cases. For the pronoun of the third
person, we have set he; tdk or tahdk, him, or to him; tdr&9 they; and tdyder, their. The
remaining pronouns exhibit no irregularities. Jekhan and tekhan mean c when * and
In the conjugation of verbs, there 'are irregularities in the personal terminations.
The second person, honorific, sometimes ends in en.   Thus, den, you give; karilen, you
1 Eev'wed fignrw,