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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

BENGALI.

The following two examples come from Eastern Malda, and the dialect closely
resembles that of the preceding ones. They have been prepared with much care by
Babu Radhesh Chandra Set, and the pronunciation is excellently illustrated* The
following are the chief peculiarities of the dialect of these specimens ;—

I.— PRONUNCIATION—

The letter a (o) is pronounced as 3 or 0. Thus jhon for jan, a person; ohhoto for
cfihdta> a little; dholle (pr. dholle) for dlwrile, he caught,

The letter e or e is frequently written *a> and both are pronounced like the
a in Kat. Thus fak (pr- yak) fore#, one; V&I& (bald), a son; chhcPd (for chhele)
a nhild ; fat, for pet, belly ; chvat, for chgt> senses ; kh'dte (for Mete), in the field ;
tydkd (for theke), from.

In suchte, to think, 5 has become w, and in dw*&9 au has become 5*

In the word//*0ft for/ow^ a person, j has become jh.

The local dialect pronounces r as 7% Thus bara for 6ara, great. The letters £ dl,
and s are all written $, which is pronounced as dental $* Here we see the signs of the
influence of the adjoining Bihari

IL— NOUNS—

The Accusative Dati76 is usually formed by adding k. Thus babdk, to the father ;
*ahoriyak> a citizen (Ace.); bok> to a wife. Sometimes the ordinary form is used, as

The Genitive Singular is regular.

The Instrumental Locative is generally regular, but sometimes ends in et, as in
* in the house.

The sign of the Ablative is hate, as hat hote> from the hand*

As an example of e in the JTominative Plural, we bare chdoydl*pdoyale, the
children,

The Genitive Plural is formed by adding ghor, to the Genitive Singular. Thus
t&r-g'hort of them ; do$ter~ghor9 of friends. Ifrom this other oblique cases may be formed.
Thus, tdr-ghdr'ke, to them;

I1L— PRONOUNS—

First Person,— &w, I ; Mm&Tc, to me ; hdwdr, my ; hdmrd, we.
Second Person, — tni, thou ; tok, thee ; tor$ thy.

Third Person,— *% o%he;^A, him; ^5n his; tat, thereon; tdr~ghdr> of them;
tdr*gbor»ke, to them*

e, this one ; w, that one.
Adjectives, oi, ai, thai

Others, — kehu> anyone ; kichchhu, anything ; kunu, any.
The rest are regular, so far as they appear in the specimens,

(a) Auxiliaiy Verbs, and Verbs Substantive—
(1)  Present, — lohi> I am not ; dchhist thou art ; dchhe, he is*
(2)  Pcc$£, — achhlo, hold, he wasy etc.
(3)  Past Conditioml>~hoto, lie would have been,
(4)   Verbal Noun,—hobw> of being,