204 BENGALI. *dildn; dese> in. a country, ddshe ; gela> he went gdlo;pet^ a belly, pdt. In the Bengali character these are all written, dydo> diVan> dydse, etc. In future, I shall represent the sound by a, it being understood that this usually represents a Bengali *d. The letter ch is pronounced ts. Thus chaliyd, having gone, is pronounced tsoild; and bctchcha, a young one, batstsd. The letter chh is pronounced like a hard s. Thus dchhila is pronounced dsild chhdoydl) a child, sdwdl. The letter r is pronounced r. Thus bara, pronounced boro, for ba?a, great. Soft aspirate consonants are disaspirated. Thus bMge, in a share, is pronounced bdge; bharaner, of filling, boroner; bh&btta, he thought, bdiblo ; dhariyd> having seized, doird; bhdla, good, bald; drambha, beginning, arombo; bandlm-bdndhab, friends and relations, bondu-bdndob. This elision of an ft, I shall represent in phonetic transcription by an apostrophe. Thus Vdroner, b'aiblo, d'oird, etc. Similarly the letter ft is* elided- Thus kahila,, he said, becomes Mild; haila, he became, 'oilo; hdoner, of being, 'ooner; chdh'ila, he wished, chd'ilo. The letter y, and y when it would be pronounced j in standard Bengali, are pro- nounced^. Thus janma, birth, is pronounced zonm; y&ik, let him go, zdik; ye, who, ze; yakhan> when, zokhon. I sliall substitute z for j henceforth iri dealing with this specimen. The sibilants £ sh and s, are all pronounced as sh. IL-NOUNS. The usual pleonastic sufl&x is di or $, thus dwi-dl,, two; chh(s)ota-di> the younger. Sometimes td is used, as in dk4d, a, one. The Nominative Singular often ends in e> as in bape, the father, The termination of the Accusative-Dative is ere. Thus bdp*ere, to the father; chdlcar*ere> the servant (ace.). The termination of the Instrumental-Locative is e> or after a vowel te; also, after long 5, y* Thus V&g^ in a share; dd$-e> in a country; mdth-e in the field; bdri~te> in the house; sdikkh9d-te9 in the presence of; khidd-y, by hunger, The termination of the Genitive is the same as in standard Bengali. Thus zaner, of a man; ddfer, of a country; bdrir, of the house. Examples of the Plural are faorerd> swine; chdftarerd, servants; chdkar-go> servants (ace* plur.). HI.—PEONOUN8. First Person,~a^ I; ama-re, me, to me; &mar9 my. Second Person,—tm,i> thou; tmdr, thy. Third Person,—W, se3 he; td> that (nom. and ace.); td-re, him, to him; tar, his; t&~te3 thereon; td~go, their ; tdrd> they; tawt to them. To him, 5ya~re> his, oydr. Of this, iydr. Adjeetivef Pronouns are, ei, this; ai, sei, that. Other Pronouns are, $e9 who, what; qa-JcicJifi^u, whatever ; ?£, what (thing); t*, some, any; keu^ anyone; kono, any; ki, what ?