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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

EASTERN OF  CACHAH.                                                          233

but I caught the sickle in my hand. I then turned back and saw 1m uncle standing
by, -who came and separated us. On this he ran at me with a cudgel, and gave me a
blow on the head. I cried out,e Sees Gentlemen all, he is killing me.' After this I
received a blow and fell down. Then he cudgelled me well on the back and on the
forearm. Then he cut the se&amum and carried it away. My nephew took me home.
He cut the sesamum himself, while some little boys carried it away.

East of Sylhet lies the District of Cachar, also belonging to Hie Assnm Province.
The language of the south of the District is Bengali, which Is superseded in the bilk
in the north of the District, and also in the hill country to tlie easi and south of the
District, hy various languages of the Tiheto-Burman family. The Bengali spokei,
in Cachar is the most eastern outpost oŁ the language* It is the same as thai
spoken in Eastern Sylhet, and possesses all the peculiar characteristic? of the extreme*
Eastern Bengal type. Amongst special peculiarities exhibited by the two specimens
annexed, the following may he noticed.
There is a tendency to pronounce an initial p as f. Thus pavaM&Ma, counsel, is
pronounced foromorslid* So strong is this tendency that words which properly com-
mence with ph are spelt with a p and pronounced as if beginning with /. Thus phelai-
y&chhi, I disregarded, is spelt paldichhi and is pronounced fdld'M* We shall notice
this peculiarity again in the South-Eastern Bengali of Chittegong.
In nouns, the genitive case ends in dr> in which the d is proaouncejl like the
aw in awl. Thus, wdmshar, of a man* Tfie locative ends in a. Thus, desa9 in a
Amongst verbal forms, note h&yar, it is, used in asking a question. Note also
forms like ftartfra, he is doing; aichham, he (honorific) has come; dichham, he (honorific)
has given. The terminations of these two last are the regular terminations of the 3rd
person honorific in Bihari. Also note pdilaane, he would have found.
Of the two specimens given, the first is a translation of the Parable of the Prodigal
Son, and the other is the statement of an accused person, made in a Criminal Court, and
taken down in his own language.
Report on the History and Statistics of Oachar District, by  (?) J. W. Edgar, Calcutta,  1807.   Thi*
contains a Vocabulary of words peculiar to the District.