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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

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CHAKMi OS CaiTTA&ONG HTT.T, T24CTS.                                       323

When these vowels commence a word, the non-initial forms are attached to the
tetter *JQ a as a kind of scaffolding for the support of the sound, exactly as alif is
used in Arabic. We thus obtain the following forms :

*, ^j? JJ **

^.Stm dm 5*5, fttofGcrZ**

Note, however, that the initial form of ai is (S DO* not            .

Sometimes vowels take special forms when initial.   Thus we have for initial * in

   VJ itefoAra, rejoicing, instead of sy^\ VJ.   ;por initial f, we sometimes have

5 as in jp   O **>&> I. instead of C     0     .   Sometimes the form or is used,

attached to a preceding consonant, as in  ty**~ *>&&*, much.   In the latter case
may be omitted, as in     fl^} for Q     ^*        ^nflt> having S0116"   Sixni"

larly CO^f^y    stands for <?fcw*i, not afa*.

The sign * is also used to denote the doubling of a letter as inQO *V^r O3>     T

in the field ; 2r i^ whchwa, rejoicing.
When the letter Y^* y& is compounded with a consonant, it takes the form    J
as in OQJ *y5* anyone, In similar circumstances, ^y r&9 takes the form V_p
in gjj  ^p Ctt wwM* ft minister.   Other compound consonants present no diffi-

The letter ch is often pronounced as *, and when this is the case, it is so trans-
literated. Thus< t?%iJ &* not beck.
It is not necessary to give a detailed account of Chakma Grammar, which closely
resembles that of Chittagong. The following remarks will suffice:<
Cerebral letters are regularly converted to dentals. Numerous examples will be
found in the specimens. We may quote, ddU for ddki, having called ; then for then,
a leg; anudi for anguthl, a ring; ghadaki, a matchmaker, for ghataki; and so on.