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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

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CHlKMA OF CHirTieOtfG HILL TfiJLCTS.                                   823

When these vowels commence a word, the non-initial forms are attached to the
letter %J>^ a as a kind of scaffolding for the support of the sound, exactly as a/i/is
used in Arabic. We thus obtain the following forms :—



Note, however, that the initial form of at is (& DQ * not

Sometimes vowels take special forms when initial   Thus we have for initial ** in

O    Vp ScAcAttra, rejoicingf instead of ^j VJ.   For initial f, we sometimes have

O as in £•) O *»w, I, instead of CO 0^ .   Sometimes the form TT is used,
attached to a preceding consonant, as in Q C^T^J *#&*, much.   In the latter case
may be omitted, as in       **) for  Q      ^3 J&***> having gone.   Simi-

larly {fyX?& stands for &**** n<>t atnai.

The sign — is also used to denote the doubling of a letter as inQD VvCQ ty

bhiiyat-twi, from in the field ; O/ & uchehwa* rejoicing.

When the letter \^ y& is compounded with a consonant, it takes the form     J
as in OQ^ fyA> anyone^ In similar circumstances, ^Jv^ro, takes the form V^ 2

in ^    3f> O     WMtri, a minister*   Other compound consonants present no diffi-

The letter oh is often pronounced as s, and when this is the case, it is so trans-
literated.   Thus(J t?^ Mffaot»&*.
It is not necessary to give a detailed account of Cbakma Grammar, which closely
resembles that of Chittagong. The following remarks will suffice :— *
Cerebral letters are regularly converted to dentals. Numerous examples will be
found in the specimens. We may quote, ddki for ddki, having called ; then for then,
a leg ; anudi for anguthi, a ring; ghadaki, a matchmaker, for ghafaki; and so on.