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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

AS8AHES2.

403

Note that the second person honorific of the Prefpnt >

M tit Fint Vi&£ No-ia.  A'w thai th» PWM* De£*t»

Indicative.

FUST CONJUGATION—

RooUa.be. Verbal Nouns, AotcJ, being.
	/w*.     to.
	.JWa^.
	Prevent /«/«fr/tfii^ '«* *h/, .
	
hdba, being.
	i an*          2 W;H,
	I '*' A' " c
	
	

haohi, being. Present      Participle, hc&te, while being.
	I hjvek:'£, I.   W         JUT
	if IB
	Pr-JM^ /^/?W^, ! AS. >
	I4v,,

Past                 »      howa, been.
	2a, tea        jjj/j
	i^JJl,
	
	

Conjunctive      „      kdit having bepn. Conditional       „      i4/e, A<I/<W, on being.
	&' J&V?         &#
	
	Ptytrftcf I rad U-*1-..
	

Similarly are conjugated the roots fa, say, to, take, ra, step, la, IMW, ar.a
fl, place.   Also the Mowing, amongst others-

Hoot*

sd
ba

da

Jtha
ana

pova

anowd

Jin

Meanbg.

row
reap

eut
cause 1

remove

cause to eat

cause to remove

cause to get

cause to be brought

He down, sleep

Conj. Part.  First Verbal XCBB.
p«<

bdi
dai
Jckii
an&i

H5M12IS FOI ui cvjrjr0A«o»»,— Som? rerhn
drwji tbr termination ira ttf tK? wvoiid ^rrson ncr.-icn<3r!fi« o!

the preset*.*  Thm, Hi, tboa eaitst.

In t!& ca»? r,f Tra:;s!t;ri' vi-ibs, th* letter e Is ur:a!2v
to the third persi-n of the Patt ard sf the Phperfwt  Thus
gi/e, re g^t, hvlilf, he (poke, ftcfj-ifff,  he ha*l
Th(? same ttwclratka !« sf,iaetim« found
v<*rb%,   ThTis, iAt/r or dftif c» he came*

AotcT.

SBC03JD CONJTJGITIOK—

Boot, 6W, speak.

Verbal Nou-ns, oo?5, speaking.

dtZtoa, speaking.

6o/5^, speaking.

Present Participle, bMe, while speaking.
Past           „       tola, spoken.

Conjunct.   „       o«/i, having spoken.
Conditional „       bvlilc, buHlat, on speak-
ing.

Similarly are conjugated—
Prettnt, I speak.

l.tWff.  2j.Wa.  Si.Wcw.  3. to.     Boot.         Slcaning.      OQBJ. Ptat Fta* V. S.
P<wf, I spoke.

te.      (3. kdile.)              a»                bring              i!»i           ««,!.

v, t shall speak.                 aA                 ccme

frWim, etc.                         »-ir              strike

«, speak*                   ^             be abk

, 6oit,                            / ii?      hit, be nwewary

Pretext Definite, I am speaking.       nomr      be unable

and many others.

Ski

oil.

Pluperfect, I had spoken, buli-tilt.

taD CONJUGATION— Boot, gw, depart.
	Present, I deport, gutft etc. Patt, 1 departed, gut itt.
	Similarly are conjugited—
	

Verbal Nouns, ^Mia^departing. ,,         ffittib&i departing.
	Future, I shall depart, gtfim*
	Root.        Meaning.      Conj. Part First V. X.
	
gutftZ, departing. Present Participle, gitfSte, while departing.
	Imperative, depart thon, <p*i.
	k&r          make, do          idn
	**r4.

Past         „       9*&, departed. Conjunct   „       W», kving departed. Conditional „       (futile, gitfild, on departing.
	Present Dejinite, I am departing, Pluperfect, 1 had 'departed, jpftfift.
	for          run, move        t&ri naral       not to move       nar&li
 and many other*.
	naro/d.

C —Irregular Verbs.— The root
ciple»zow5; Conjunctive Participle, gdi ;

.   Verbal Nouns, #m>&, tfba, &&& ; Prnent Participle, g5Se ; Post Parti-
gtft, $Mat.  Present,^; Part,^; Pntari,f5»; Preient Definit

.                                                    Pment Participle, tife ; Past ParticipX «%« ,-Conjuwrfive Participle, rff; Con-
ditional Participle, *fr, AW.  Present, 1. ^ 2<L %«, 26. eity*, 3. diye; Past, ^5; Future, dim ; and so on.
The root z?, live, is conjugated like di, substituting i for * throughout.  This is * mere matter of swllmg.
Theroot^; cut &fo lengths, is conjugated like a verb of the fiwt conjugation, tt^pt that its Fi«t Verbal Noun, Past Participle, Second
person Honorific Present, are tern.
D.-Kegative VerbsV-lKB means c there is not.' To express negation otherwise, *+ «& «, »«, M «r sio i» prefixed to the Verb, the
vowel of the prefix corresponding with the first vowel of the verb. Thus, wtJutf, I am not \ *M*> he will not give ; *«&**«, he dow not listen,
When the first vowel of the verf is a. the prefix is «* or M, as nSftf or «ei#, I /b not ?o. If the T^Jw?" ^ s Tel> ?ly . ? fcl«fi«*
as in oZ%, he appears, *oty, he does not ippcar. The Pa«t of ***& is *q*U, \ did not go, and so in the other taM formed with 5rA The
First Verbal Noun is, of course, no$owa. The negative of the root jrfr, U able, v pen under tht lecoud conjugation, and of /£»•, ran, moTe,
under the third. Ntt used with the present tens* gives it a past meaning, Thus, turn diyS mi> thon gawst not.
E.-CaTttal Verb8.-Cansal verbs are formed much as in Bengali Exampi* <rf C^usali vA _Donbl< ( Causajf an rim undff tbe first
conjn^Son. As a rule, the root of a Causal verb if the same as t to First Verbal Noun ol the simple verb. Similarly, that of a Donbla Causal
is the same as the First Verbal Noun of the Causal
F.-Passive Voice.-Fonned by conjugating the Past Participle with U Ems, molt dig tei#> it Is tebg given to me. Or by con-
jugatlng the First Verbal Noun with *5. Thu, Mb fart &y> that is found, literally, tto finding that goes on.
G,-Oompound Verbs.-Jcgtfm^i«e» are formed by conjugating the Accusative or Dative of th« Second V«r]»l Noun with the root
Mget. Permit**, by conjugating the same form with 4 give. Thus,$t l^^,be<Ww|M>misrfontodoj ; t*mi a*a*lp kM>
bkog kh&a-lai pab&, yon will certainly get to undergo punishment j mok Unb* %*, allow me to do. Ztewfcjw/tow, the same form with
ijfe wi»h, « in ^»* Uriba Teteri, you wish to do. lawpfow, the flutive of the same noun wtth Mar> KIIC, berin, w in
dAaM, yon begin to do, PoMMt, the Accusative of the same noun with jtfr, be able, at in Mriiw p8ro, I CM 3
fotm with ttg, Mt, »lwayi in the third person, whatever the person of the subject, as In may Mnb* l$$e, I must to,
Bengali                                                                                                                                                                            ***