o. LONG I SLAND FORUM r TABLE of CONTENTS HRANDFATHER'S CHRISTMAS PUDDING THOMAS MORAN, PAINTER, ETCHER SCULPTURING OF LONG ISLAND THE BARK MARY AND LOUISE ISLAND'S FRENCH MILLER REMEMBERS "T. R." Alonzo Gibbs Dr, Charles A. Hug^uenin Robert R. Coles Kate Wheeler Strong Dr. Clarence Ashton Wood Wilson L. Glover LETTERS FROM FORUM READERS DECEMBER 1954 1. 00 a year by Mail; Single Copies 2Sc VOL. XVIL No. 12 H. E. Swezey & Son, Inc. GENERAL TRUCKING Middle Country Rd., Ea«tport Telephones Riverhead 2350 Eastport 250 Louden-Knickerbocker Hall A PriYate Sanitarium for Nervous and Mental Diseaaea II Louden Ave. AmityTilU AMityville 4-0053 Farmingdale Individual Laundry Dry Cleaning - Laundering Rug Cleaning BroBd Hollow Koad FarmincdaU Phone FArming-dale 2-0300 Chrysler - Plymouth Sales and Service MULLER Automobile Corp. Merrick Road and Broadway AMityville 4-2028 and 4-2029 BRAKES RELINED on Passenger Cars and Truck* Power Brake Sales Service Suffolk County Brake Service 314 Medford Avenue, Patchogue Tel. 1722 FURNITURE S. B. HORTON CO. (Established 1862> 821 Main St. Greenport Tel. 154 PHONE FArmingdale 2-0816 SUNRISE Division Household Fuel Corp 'Blue Coal' Fuel Oil Amityville Farmingdale 1060 12 Lindenhurat 178 THE Publiahed Monthly at AMITYVILLE, N. Y. FOR LONG ISLANDERS EVERYWHERE Entered as aecond-claai matter May Jl, 1947, at the post office at Amityville, New York, under the Act of March !. 1879. Paul Bailey, Publisher-Editor Contributing Editors Clarence A. Wood, LL.M., Ph.D. Malcolm M. Willey, Ph.D. John C. Huden. Ph.D. Robert R. Coles Julian Denton Smith, Nature Tel. AMityville 4-0554 Island's French Miller Dr. Clarence Ashton Wood Pierre Rene Villefeu was bom in Prance July 25, 1828 and came to Southampton, L. I., about 1860. His wife Margaret was a second cousin of Gen. Nathaniel Green of American Revolutionary fame. Villefeu conducted gristmills at several places in Suffolk County, served as a Republican deputy sheriff at one time and died at Babylon in 1915 at the ripe old age of 87. From Southampton he went to Ashamomoque (between Greenport and Southold) where he acquired on a purchase money mortgage the tidewater mill of Charles C. and George W. White of New York City. He turned the mill back on a quit claim deed Dec. 16, 1863. Next we find him running the Great Western mill which stood near the juncture of the roads from Peconic, Hog Neck and Pine Neck. During this period of his life Villefeu lived in a cottage which he owned situated a half-mile from the mill, just north of the grocery store, familiar to this writer in his youth, then conducted by J. B. Fanning on the easterly side of Main street about opposite the now silent blacksmith shop of Cleveland and Glover. The mill was burned during the summer of 1870. Thereafter Ville- feu conducted similar mills at Islip, Amityville and Babylon. His lease of Southards' mill in the westerly part of Babylon expired Dec. 1, 1877. He was then solicit- ing continuance of favors at the Oakley Mills. He retained title to his South- old cottage for some years after he left there. In 1902 he sold it to Ernest Leieht who had moved his family there from Mattituck in September 1900. Villefeu was then living at Babylon where he died in 1915. Margaret Villefeu had died there the previous year. They left four daughters: Eugenie, Zilpha, Helene and Rene. NICHOLS RUG CLEANING Freeport 86 E. Sunrise Hishway Tel. 8-1212 Rue and Furniture Cleaning SWEZEY FUEL CO. Goal and Fuel Oils Patchogue 270 Port Jeflferson 555 Funeral Director Arthur W. Overton Day and Night Service 172 Main St. Tel, 1086 lalip Loans on Bond and Mortgage Dapoilta Accepted by Mall First National Bank of Islip Member Fed. Depoiit Insurance Corp. Work Clothes and Paints Building and Garden Tools Desks, Typewriters, Etc. Suffolk Surplus Sales Sunrise H'way, Massapequa (East) MA 6-4220 C. A. Woehning FURNITURE Frigidaire Home Appliances Englander & Simmons Sleep Products BROWN'S Storage Warehouse Your Furniture and Appliance Store 186 Maple St. Phone 31 ISLIP. L. I. Established 1919 Highest Grade MEATS South Side Meat Market Stephen Queirolo, Prop, At the Triangle Amityville AMityville 4-0212 LEIGH'S TAXICABS MOTOR VANS - STORING WAREHOUSE Auto Busses For Hire AMityville 4-0225 Near Amityville Depot 222 DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM # Ghomas C^TKoran, Painter, etcher V\7'HEN Thomas "Yellow- ' ' stone" Moran died in Santa Barbara, California, in his ninetieth year on August 25, 1926, he closed his eyes on a long life of creative work, rich in achievement. With brush and palette he worked to the end, and like Corot, ly- ing supine in bed in his last hours, he envisioned and dis- cussed still-to-be -painted land- scapes on the ceiling. At his death Thomas Moran was the oldest member of the National Academy of Design, and he was acknowledged as the "Dean of American Ar- tists." Two giant landscapes from his brush, The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone and The Chasm of the Colo- rado, had been purchased by Congress for $10,000 apiece a-rd adorned the gallery of the Senate wing in the Capitol at Washington. His Mountain of the Holy Cross, inspired by the mysterious peak crested with the glittering cross in Editorial Note Guild Hall, East Hampton, dedi- cated in 1931, contains the Thomas Moran Gallery. Here one may view some of his originals and his own large portrait. The Hall, to quote Miss Dorothy Quick, author and poet, writing in the Forum in 1940, "is a long low building with great depth, of white painted brick. It has an artis'iic entrance above which the dome of the theatre rises impressively. It is called the John Drew Theatre in honor of the distinguished thespian who summered in East Hampton for many years." Thomas Moran's earliest so- journ at East Hampton was at "Rowdy Hall" which received its name back in the 1880's because it served as the summer habitation of fi, numb'-r of artists, some of whom with true Bohemian taste kept late hours, played a bit of stud-poker and indulged to some cxfent in spirituous beverages. The ancient salt-box cottage which then stood beside the Pres- byterian Church has since been restored and moved to the corner of David and Egypt lanes, on the Hamlin estate. It is still affection- atelv known to villagers as "Rowdy Hall." Dr. Charles A. Huguenin central Colorado, had won for him a gold medal and diploma at the Centennial Exposition in 1876, and other works earned prizes at the Colum- bian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, at the Pan-American Exposition in 1901, and at the Convention of the American Art Society of Philadelphia in 1902. As an etcher he had reaped a fame second only to that as a painter, and to the end he retained his supremacy among artist-etchers of America. The English art critic John Rus- kin, whose reputation as a close observer of nature was internatianal, had pronounced one of Moran's plates, a marire depicting a wave beat- ing on a shore, not only the best that had come from America, but the best that modern art had produced. Moran's Gate of Venice was declared one of the largest and most complete drawings upon copper ever executed with a needle and acid. Thomas Moran, East Hampton Artist Winning popularity as an illustrator of books and maga- zines, he produced several thousands of dravv'ings, in one year turning out as many as 250 book illustrations. Among the best of these are his pic- torial elucidations for Long- fellow's "Hiawatha" and Whittier's "Mabel Martin." Other less noteworthy ac- complishments included his founding of the New York Etching Club and his ad- vocacy for a national art gal- lery, which impelled Mr. Rog- ers of Paterson in New Jersey to donate $6,000,000 to the Metropolitan Art Museum of New York for this purpose. But the achievement that overshadowed all others was to awaken the American people to a consciousness of the wide expanses of wilder- ness and the natural resources of beauty that lay in the Great West. In 1871 when he was thirty-four he provided himself with a six-shooter, a holster, and an army canteen and joined Professor F. V. Hayden's U. S. Geological Sur- vey Expedition to the Yellow- stone as guest-illustrator. This region, shunned by In- dians as a sink of infernal vapors and a haunt for buga- boos, was then unexplored ter- ritory. In 1806 ove of Lewis and Clark's soldiers, John Col- ter, had returned with strange reports of hot fountains and pools of yellow, rink, and green mud too fantastitc for belief, Jim Bridger, a colorful old fontiersman, had made his reputation as a liar largely with his descriptions of the weirdness of Yellowstone. Moran's accurate, first- hand, topographical land- scapes of the Yellowstone Re- gion offered indisputable proof of its uncanny attrac- tion and imposing grandeur. They made the American people aware of their own heritage of landscape, to be priced and conserved, Yellow- stone National Park, the first of our national parks, was created the followinor year, in 1 872, as a result of the public interest in the natural won- ders of the West, stimulated by Moran's canvasses. As the National Park Movement grew in scope, Moran came to 22i LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 be regarded as the "Father of the National Parks." The first journey deter- mined Moran's future career. Again and again the wild, ma- jestic scenery of the West drew him like a magnet for many subsequent trips. Years later, his daughter was im- pelled to write in an impres- sion of her father: "He seemed always to be starting off or coming back from strange, beautiful places, wild countries." In the summer of 1873 he accompanied another geologi- cal expedition under Major J. W. Powell down the then little-known Colorado River. He maintained that of all places on earth the Canyon of Arizona was the most inspir- ing in its pictorial possibili- ties. Companions of these ter- ritorial surveys called him "Yellowstone Moran," a sou- briquet that stuck. Because of his attempts to transpose on canvas the magic of the Western Wonderland, his name is linked, beside Yel- lowstone and the Grand Can- yon, with Yosemite, Zion, and Grand Teton national parks and with the following na- tional monuments: the Moun- tain of the Holy Cross, Devil's Tower in Wyoming, and the Petrified Forest in Arizona. Mount Moran in the Teton Range perpetuates his name, and there are Moran points in the Grand Canyon, Yellow- stone, and Yosemite national parks. Only poor health in his eighty-eighth year prevented his accompanying Stephen Tyng Mather, Director of the National Park Service of the Department of Interior, to Bryce Canyon to capture on more canvas the elusive beauty of the newest of our national parks. "Go West, young man!" was Moran's admonition to the tyro in painting who might be tempted to imitate the artists of the Hudson River School. To the tourist he was the most persuasive herald of that movement which has become popular un- Continued on page 233 Bank and Borrow # AT ™E FIRST NATIONAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY "' BAY SHORE OPEN FRIDAY EVENINGS 6:30 TO 8 128 West Main Street Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Bay Shore, N. Y. Member Federal Reserve System Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp'n Bethpage, Long Island, N. Y. Designers and Manufacturers of the Panther Albatross Mallard Airplanes for the U. S. Navy, the Air Force and Commercial Users # WILLIAM A. NICHOLSON ViVe President JOHN E. NICHOLSON President Nicholson & Galloway Established 1849 Roofing and Waterproofing Difficult commissions accepted to correct wall and roof leaks in schools, churches, banks, public buildings, etc. 426 East 110th Street New York City LEhigh 4-2076 Cedar Swamp Road Brookville, L. I. BRookville 5-0020 LONG ISLAND is located advantageously for light industry. Its suburban and rural areas offer ideal living conditions. Independent Textile Dyeing Co., Inc. FARMINGDALE, N. Y. 224 DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM 0he jculpturing of L>ong Island T ONG ISLAND provides an •■^ ideal opportunity for the backyard explorer who would investigate the riddle of its geologic past. Every feature of its landscape is the product of natural forces that have sculptured it to its pres- ent form, and many of these are still at work, with the re- sult that it is continually changing. Although the work of de- positing the sediments to form its lower strata, and the chiseling out of the valley that would contain the waters of Long Island Sound was ac- complished much earlier, the events that fashioned the is- land to the form we know to- day occurred within the last million years. These included the advance of at least four glaciers during the Ice Age, and the subsequent action of rain, wind, waves and off- shore currents. In this article I shall deal mainly with the events of the Ice Age. While the broad picture seems fairly well established, many details are not clear, and it is certain that further study will indicate some re- visions. The Ice Age commenced to- ward the close of that long span of geologic time calleid the Cenozoic Era, or just be- fore the be<i:inning of the so- called Pleistocene Period. For centuries the cUmate had been getting colder. This was not a local condition, but was felt throughout the northern hemisphere. The ice of the Labrador peninsula and north- ern Canada began advancing south. Although gradual at first, this movement persisted through thousands of years, and with the lowerinnf tem- peratures the depth of the ice increased as it slowly pushed forward, sweeping up vast ouantities of earth materials that lay in its path. There was no one on hand at the time to observe and Tio^ert 1^ Coles Editor's Note Introduced as contributing edi- tor of the L. I. Forum, Mr. Coles was interviewed by Martha Deane on station WOR on October 30 in reference to his geologic articles in the Forum and other phases of the island's distant past. He is indeed a recognized authority on these subjects as well as on astron- omy, having served some years as head of the Hayden Planitarium of the American Museum of Natural History. record the story of the many conflicting forces involved, and the problem of recon- structing it today from the evidence contained in the com- plex arrangement of sands, gravels and clays is extremely difficult. This is particularly true of the effects of the two earlier glacial stages, many of which have been covered up or destroyed by the later ones. The last comprehensive work on the subject, "The Geology Of Long Island", by Myron L. Fuller, was pub- lished by the U. S. Geological Survey in 1914. In this he names the glacial stages as follows, beginning with the earliest: the Mannetto, the Jameco, the Manhasset and the Wisconsin. Between these were times of relatively milder climate, called interglacial periods, during which the ice melted and the action of streams caused extensive ero- sion with much shifting about of the earth materials. The debris associated with these glacial stages and in- terglacial periods is distin- guished by the type of sand, gravel, boulders and clays they contain, their relation to nearby deposits, and other features recognized by the geologist. Due to its involved nature such identification is very difficult and often prob- lematical. The first, or Mannetto glacial stage, was so named because of a prominent ex- posure of its gravels at Man- netto Hill, west of Melville. While later events have re- moved much of the material deposited by this glacier, it is exposed today at a few places on the island and has been MONTAUK SHOWS SCULPTURING 225 LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 identified elsewhere in well borings. It is not known exactly where the advancing front of this glacier stopped, although Fuller suggests that " — it may have halted in the Sound trough a little north of the present edge of the island." If this was the case, the gravels and sands were probably exuded from its leading edge and spread south as it melted. During the post-Mannetto interglacial period the climate moderated for a long time, streams flowed out from the glacier and large quantities of debris were shifted from their former position. The second glacial advance was named the Jameco stage because its gravels were first discovered in deep wells at the Jameco pumping station, near Jamaica. Although no sur- face deposits of this material have been recognized on the island, its gravels have been identified in many well bor- ings and are particularly no- ticeable in a broad depression beneath the surface between Jamaica and Whitestone. They have also been found in exposures on Block Island, Marthas Vineyard and Cape Cod. Geologists seem to be of the opinion that this glacier did not invade Long Island, but probably halted in the Sound valley to the north. During the warmer period following the Jameco glacial stage there occurred much erosion and shifting of earlier deposits, due to lively stream action, with the deposition of large quantities of clay and sand in many parts of the is- land. These deposits are known to geologists as Gard- iners clay and Jacob sand. As in the case of the materials associated with the first in- terglacial period, they add greatly to the complexity of the picture and are too in- volved for discussion here. To the casual observer the first two glacial stages — the Mannetto and the Jameco — are of little more than aca- demic interest since they do not add greatly to the more conspicuous features of the island's topography, as we know it today. The last two, however, have played an im- portant part in molding it to its present form. It is to the work of these that we are in- debted for our extensive pla- teaus, rolling hills, pictur- esque valleys and broad plains. The third glacial stage was named the Manhasset because its sands and gravels are prominently exposed in the extensive gravel banks at Port Washington, on the east- em or Hempstead Harbor side of Manhasset Neck. The materials deposited by this glacier are of different nature at various levels, in- dicating that they were prob- ably laid down during suc- ceeding stages of its advance. The most outstanding ef- fect of the Manhasset glacier is the great plateau along the north shore of the island from the western end to Orient Point, with steep bluffs that face the Sound throughout much of its extent. Other plateaus of the same deposit are evident on the South Fluke of Long Island and on Robbins, Shelter, Plum, Fish- ers and Gardiners islands. There is no doubt that the Manhasset glacier invaded Long Island in many places and was of long duration. By far the larger part of the glacial material above sea level on the island was de- posited by this p-lacier, much of which underlies the later debris of the Wisconsin ad- vance. There was another modera- tion of climate following the Manhasset glacial stage that resulted in extensive erosion of existing materials and the deposition of sands bearing various types of marine fos- sils. These are called the Vine- yard deposits by geologists. The name of the last, or Wisconsin glacial stage, which shows evidence of having cov- ered much of the northern portion of the continent, is derived from extensive de- Continued on pag-e 229 TRAPHAGEN SCHOOL OF FASHION ^"'- «^«"ft>. (a^ TSMNING HCKi PAYS tIFE DIVIDBNDS •XK/ Summer, Fall aod Winter Courses I'^^H Professional methods day or eve. All ^^H branches of Fashion for beginners or 4Vi advanced students. Regents' Credits. DAY, EVENING t SATURDAY COURSES Now forming for Design. Illustration, Cloth- ing Construction and all branches of Fashion INTERIOR DECOR, and DISPLAY Courses here prepare studpnts for the fasci- nating and remunerative fields of commercial art. Maximum instruction in minimum time. Active Free Placement Bureau. Pend for Circular F or Phone CO. 5-2077. REGISTER NOW! Our Graduates in Demand! Traphagen, 1680 B'way (52 St.) N. Y. 19 FIRST SUFFOLK NATIONAL BANK For Every Banking- Service Including Convenience AMITYVILLE, N. Y. Huntington Norithijort East Northpojrt ■ Open Friday Evenings Bi'O to 8:00 Member of F D I C HOLIDAY GIFTS IN CHINA Minton Bone, Spode, Doulton Syracuse, Lenox IN STERLING Towie Sorham IN GLASS Fosloria Tiffin Duncan And In Other Quality Lines TOOMEY'S GIFTS 85 Main St. BAY SHORE 253 W. Main St. Smithtown Branch Serving Suffolk • Massapequa to Hampton Bays • Cold Spring Harbor to Green pori ""^^•^ 30 YEARS! LAUNDERING* DRY CLEANING ^"l lau mmj BLUE POINT_ Telephone BLue Pomt 4-0420 Wines & Liquors IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC Delves Liquor Store LICENSE L-1382 201 Bway., AMityville 4-0033 f^ 326 DECEMBEE 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM Qrandfather's (^ hristmas indding # # lUfY Uncle Crowell had ^^'^ been a drummer boy with Colonel Rush Hawkins' New York Zouaves. In after years he sometimes wore his battered red fez when he came to visit Father's sister, and the girls of the family would try it on to feel chic, and the boys would try it on to feel brave. It was about this time, 1874, that Grandfather first conceived of the Christmas pudding. He had recently moved his family, a wife, three boys and three girls, to a dowdy old house, rectangular in shape, high and massive, with gaunt locust trees thrusting limbs over the mansard roof to the cobwebbed windows of the cupola. Out front, the picket fence had been breached by dogs and decay, the wintering grasses blew rustily along the brick paths, the drain pipes from the gutters on the roof had lost their rain barrels and before their unretained flow small areas of the yard had gone to gravel. With my father's room went a hook in the lintel and the legend of a suicide in some unhappy long ago. To a boy of six, rather wispy of body and romantic of mind, the hook and the whispering winds along the eaves, the jungle of peach trees entangling branches below near the back- yard's white-washed fence, were dreadfully impressive. What saved the household from gloom altogether were the antics of my Grandfather, who was a somewhat senti- me^ttal scholar, a reader of ancient history and Ralph Waldo Emerson, a naturalist with regard for every uncom- mon tree or flower. At home or on the job he talked well and freely. It was said of him that he had read the Bible twenty-seven times, which was probably no exaggeration, for the syntax and poetics of Alonzo Gibbs -I ^ i English Renaissance style flavored his speech. Such a man, grave yet childlike, could easily fix his mind on a Christmas pudding. And to Uncle Crowell sitting under his fez in the kitchen with his feet against the glow- ing station agent stove. Grandfather, one November evening, first mentioned it. You see. Great-great-grand- father had come from Eng- land and had been an itinerant preacher in Brooklyn, Bell- port, and Patchogue. Out of this English background came a robust spirit, an intemper- ate liking for food, a desire to keep the Christmas season, and a wish to do no thing by halves. So Grandfather, on that November night, saw in his lively imagination the dining room table stretched to take its last leaf; the much-laun- dered white linen cloth glis- tening upon it; a fragrant turkey, golden brown and crispy beside cranberries ruby-red in cut-glass dishes; the soft candlelight shadow- ing expectant faces of invited and uninvited relatives; the ironing board bridging the gap between two chairs and sagging under a bouncing overload of eager children awaiting the pudding's flam- ing entrance. Unc'e Crowell, a soft- spoken, practical, Toms River man, saw none of this magic or little of it. He heard the talismanic word which so stirred Grandfather, regarded it momentarily, and let it slip away without disproportion- ate contemplation. His pipe went out and he left for home, not knowing as he followed the path through the back- yard where the icy limbs of the wild peach trees clacked together, that his intended father-in-law, still rosy with the warmth of dream and fire in the hot kitchen, was cele- brating Christmas a month before it was due. Next night at dinner Grand- father told Grandmother of his plan for a small pudding. "It won't be an extravagance," he said. "I'll bring home a lit- tle of this and a little of that from time to time and by Christmas we'll have all the ingredients." And true to his word he brought the pudding home in parts : a pound of walnuts one week, a pound of currents an- other, suet, raisins, cherries, cinnamon, cloves, all spice, flour, each examined lovingly by Grandfather for quality or tenderness, sampled for taste, and stowed away in the bulging cupboard. At length, a week before Christmas, Grandfather took from his coat pocket a small bottle of brandy, assured Grandmother it would only be lit, not drunk, and poured the contents into a glass-stop- pered decanter. He held the brandy then above the kero- sene lamplight to see that it was pure and to watch the yellow rays penetrate its am- ber depths. "Tomorrow," he said, "the pudding shall be made!" But Grandmother was shocked on the morrow to find that Grandfather in his childish delight had car- ried home pound after pound of ingredients, so gradually over so long a period of time. Continued on page 237 227 LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 Reminders Pleasure Boat Insurance Specialist GEORGE C. EARTH 134 A Broadway, next to Post Office AMityville 4-1688 (Res. 4-0855) E. CLAYTON SMITH Established 1913 Jobber-Replacement Parts Tools - Equipment 218-220 East Main St. Babylon Tel. 6-0551 Visitors Welcome The General Museum-Library of the Suffolk County Historical So- ciety, at Riverhead, is open daily (except Sundays and Holidays) from one to five P. M. Visitors always welcome (no charge) at this educational insti- tution where items connected with Long Island's history, culture and natural sciences are on display. Wines and Liquors Large assortment of Popular Brands at the Lowest Possible Prices and in various size con- tainers to suit your needs. Losi's Liquor Store, 170 Park Ave., Amity- ville. AMITYVILLE DAIRY, INC. AMITYVILLE ROCKVILLE CENTRE BLUE POINT STILL B. CALSO GASOLINE — FUEL OIL DISTRIBUTOR Tel. SElden 2-3512 Cash and Carry Service 15 f" Off UNQUA LAUNDRIES AMityville 4-1348 Dixan Avenue Copiague Gay Nineties on the Sound I have some comments to make on Capt. Eugene Griffing's story of his trip up the Sound to New York in 1891 (Oct. Forum). I arrived in Greenport; two years later and for the next three years I saw the steamers Portland and Amagansett almost every week during the fishing seasons. Late Friday afternoons and all day Saturdays they would come into Greenport and the dock would be lined with fishing steamers, some- times in double rows. It was not necessary to go to the dock to see them for any good nose in the village could detect their pres- ence. I have boarded many of the steamers and no doubt the two named were among them. I have also seen the cook come out of the galley many a time and grasp the whistle cord to summon the crew to meals. The fleet left Greenport about 1896 or 1897 to make its headquarters at Tiverton, Rhode Island. The Shinnecock was built after I left Greenport but I have had more than one sail on her, once in 1903 to an International Yacht Race off Sandy Hook. I wonder if Capt. Mark Griffing of Shelter Island, who sailed the steamer Long Island between Sag Harbor and New London, belonged to Capt. Eugene's family. John Tooker Babylon Each issue the Forum grows better. James F. Merriwell, Jamaica. L. I. FORUM INDEX The Queens Borough Public Li- brary, 89-14 Parsons Blvd., Ja- maica, sells a complete index of the Long Island Forum for the years 1938-1947 inclusive, at $1 postpaid. Also for the years 1948- 1952 inclusive, at 50 cents post- paid. They were compiled by Miss Marguerite V. Doggett, Librarian L. I. Collection, and may be ob- tained by addressing her at the Library. Dominy Genealogy A complete history of the Dominy and allied families will be available about January 1, 1955. Representing a labor of more than twenty years, it covers the period from 1630 to the present day, as well as the three branches of the Dominy family, namely: the ori- ginal Long Island; the Beekman- town of Clinton County, N. Y., and the Ohio, an offshoot of the two mentioned. The comprehensive, illustrated volume, a unique achievement in photo-engraving and typography, will sell at $25 postpaid. No re- mittance need accompany orders at this time. Address: Newton J. Dominy, Historian, 29 South High, Dublin, Ohio. Schraf el Motors, Inc. NASH Sales and Service NEW and USED CARS Merrick Road, West Amityville Leo F. Schrafel AM 4-23 06 FOR CHRISTMAS Start someone on their Family History with our Simplified Work- sheets and Directions. Complete Set, punched for three- ring binder, postpaid $1. . . . GIDEON STIVERS Box 382 Riverhead, L. I. The Bowne House Historical Society Judge Charles S Colden, President presents The Bowne House Built 1661 Bowne St. and Fox Lane FLUSHING, N. Y. A Shrine to Keligion Frtedom ADMISSION FREE Sundays, Tuesdays and Saturdays 1 to 5 P.M. Sponsored by HALLERAN AGENCY Realtor* Flushing, N. Y Farmingdale Federal Savings and Loan Association 312 CONKLIN STREET First Mortgage Loans Insured Savings 21% Dividend Phone FArmingdale 2-2000 FARMINGDALE, N. Y. r t^ 228 DECEMBER 1954 Sculpturing Continued From Page 226 -^ posits in the state of that f name. It is this glacier that has produced the most outstand- ing effects on Long Island, m- cluding the double cham of hills that form its so-called "backbone" and the broad plains that have witnessed such great advances in the de- velopment of aviation. There is abundant evidence that the ice of the Wisconsm glacier spread over the region that is now Long Island, where its front extended from the western end, more or less laterally through the center of the island, then along the Southern Fluke and beyond. It has been estimated that at the time of its maximum cov- erage its ice was perhaps 1,000 feet thick and that the climate in the vicinity of its front was extremely severe. This part of the world was locked in a deep freeze that would make the famous bhz- 2ard of eighty-eight seem like (fM a summer squall. Along that line it deposited vast quantities of debris, in the form of sand, gravel and boulders, to form the cham of hills that we know today as the Ronkonkoma moraine. As the glacier melted more sand and gravel spread out before it to the south, to produce the great outwash plain that ex- tends to the south shore, upon which many of our modern housing developments are built and where Roosevelt ard Mitchel Fields are located. After several thousand ye^rs the weather moderated and the front of the glac'er retreated throughout its ex- tent, east of Lake Success. It receded some distance to the north, beyond the present North Shore of Long Island. Later, however, there was an- other drop in temnerature and the front again advanced, but this time carre to rest pre^- erallv somewhat north of the position reached by the first advance. There it rested for a long time and deposited the earth materials to build up the chain of hills known today as the Harbor Hill moraine. These run lengthwise of the island and are only a few miles inland from the Sound to the west, but appear near the north shore farther east and continue out the North Fluke to Orient Point. Sands and gravels exuded from the advancing edge of this glacier spread to the south to form an outwash plain very similar in nature to that of the Ron- konkoma moraine. Again the climate mode- rated and the Wisconsin gla- cier retreated to the north, bringing the Ice Age to a close. Although no one knows exactly how long ago the ice of the last glacier retreated, it has been estimated at some- where around twenty-five thousand years ago. This is the story in barest outline. In addition to the events mentioned there were many others. It is believed, for example, that great changes occurred in the ele- vation of the land at various times during the Ice Age. Often it was considerably higher than today and at other times it lay beneath the sea. There are numerous small LONG ISLAND FORUM ridges and hills between the Ronkonkoma and Harbor HiU moraines, composed of mate- rials deposited when the re- treating front of the Wiscon- sin glacier lingered tempo- rarily. Many of the picturesque hollows that add so greatly to the natural beauty of the is- land were produced when enormous chunks of ice broke away from the glacier and be- came buried in the surround- ing sands and gravels. When these finally melted they left depressions that the geolo- gist calls kettle holes, many of which are easily recognized today throughout the island. Some of the larger ones are filled with water, such as Lake Success, Artist Lake and Lake Ronkonkoma. Although many of the har- bors and bays that indent the North Shore, west of Port Jefferson, are believed to have been originally formed by the erosion of rivers that preceded the Ice Age, there is evidence that they were wid- ened and much altered by the work of the glaciers. At the close of the Ice Age vast quantities of moisture that had been locked in the glaciers was released and re- Cf)ntin\iefl on paffe 2'?7 ROCKS ALONG THE NORTH SHORE 229 LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 Leading Real Estate Brokers of Sayville Lillian H. Robinson, Realtor Real Estate, Insurance, Furnished Ck)ttages Farms - Homes - Acreage 169 W. Main St. SAyville 4-1900 Member of L. I. Real Estate Board Munsey Park See Wile for Worth While Real Estate General Brokerage Manhasset and vicinity DAVID T. WILE JR. & CO. 3393 Northern Blvd. Manhasset 667 Mineola J. ALFRED VALENTINE Real Estate - Insurance 148 Mineola Boulevard Phone Garden City 7-7200 Hicksville SEAMAN & EISEMANN, Inc. Real Estate - Insurance •0 Broadway Tel. Hicksvilla 600 Rirerhead DUGAN REALTY COMPANY Eastern Long Island Country Places along Ocean, Sound, Peconic, Shinnacock Bays. Northport EDWARD BIALLA ALBERT M. ZILLIAN EDWIN N. ROWLEY, INC. Real Estate — Insurance Appraisals 74 Main Street NOrthport 3-0108 and 2272 Members L. I. Real Estate Board Latest Dividend Declared at the rate of 2V2 % per annum Savings Accounts opened and Banking-by-Mail The Union Savings Bank of Patchogue, New York The only Savings Bank in Western Suffolk County Member Federal Depoait Insurance Corporation Ketcham & Golyer, Inc. INSURANCE Georire S. Colyer, Secy. Broadwiy and Park Ave. AMityville 4-0198 Remembers T. R. At the turn of the century we lived on Skunk's Lane (today Bay Avenue), Peconic, scarcely a stone's-throw from the Davis Tut- hill General Store and sub-post office. The grand old establish- ment still flourishes under the able owner-management of Mrs. Mabel Richmond, a niece. One early Autumn noon I accompanied my father on his daily call for the mail. In front of the store a group of men seemed to be in serious discussion, all talking at one time. Though only a child of six, I sensed something wrong in the charged atmosphere. In response to my fat.her's query, a voice rose above the babel: "They've shot President McKinley! — yesterday afternoon!" Yes, a dastardly attempt upon the Presi- dent's life had been made at the Buffalo exposition Friday, Sept. 6, 1901. Days later, the martyred President succumbed, murmuring at the last: "It is God's will." I remember hearing my elders say, Theodore Rootevell I st "Now Teddy Roosevelt is our President!" From that time I heard nothing but fulsome praise for this man Teddy Roosevelt, and vowed some day I must see him. Forty-four years ago Suffolk County Fair was not only a gala event, but a veritable way of life. On Fair Week all roads led to Riverhead. There many an old ac- quaintance "was renewed, friend- ship watered or long-lost cousins reunited as families gathered te eat box lunches under the spread- ing trees. Such was the general atmosphere on the day designated as "Teddy Roosevelt Day," in 1910. Ex-President Theodore Roose- velt, fresh from his triumphal European tour and African big game hunt, was to speak at 3 o'clock Wednesday afternoon. His magic name drew a gate of about ten thousand, an unheard of rec- ord until then. I had waited nine years and lo, here was my oppor- tunity! Needless to say, I was aboard Continued on next pag;e Port Washington Howard C. Hegeman Agency, Inc. Real Estate and Insurance 185 Main Street Tel. POrt Washington 7-3124 Commack JOHN W. NOTT Established 1925 Wanted: Large flat wooded acre- age eastern L. I. to Riverhead. Jericho Tpk. FOrest 8-9322 Huntington HENRY A. MURPHY INSURING AGENCY, Inc. Real Estate, Insurance, Mortgage Loans, Appraisals Steamship Tickets Cornelius L. Murphy Tel. Hunt. 176 Wyandanch HAROLD S. ISHAM All Lines of Insurance Real Estate Straight Path, Wvandanch Tel. Midland 7755 Mastic Realtor — Insurer BENJAMIN G. HERRLEY MONTAUK HIGHWAY Phone ATlantic— 1-8110 Glen Head M. 0. HOWELL Real Estate - Insurance 25 Glen Head Road Telephone GLen Cove 4-0491 Bay Shore Auto and Other insurance — Real Estate — HENNING AGENCY, Realtor 83 E.Main,BayShore 7-0876 & 0877 Central Islip ROBERT E. O'DONOHUE Carleton Ave. Tel. 6317 Central leltp Real Estate - Insurance Established 1911 Hampton Bays JOHN H. SUTTER Licensed Real Estate Broker 1 East Main Street HAMPTON BAYS 2-0420 Tel. BAbylon 6-0265 w. E. MAGEE, APPRAISER Inc. Real Estate and Insurance || Brokers Babylon, N. Y. 23U DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM m Long Island's Suburban Homeland Uniondale PETER P. ROCCHIO The Town Agency For Real Estate and Insurance 889 Nassau Road, Uniondale Phone HEmpstead 2-6858 Patchogue Realtors — Insurors JOHN J. ROE & SON 125 £. Main St. Patchogue 2300 Glen Cove HAROLD A. JACKSON CO. Insurance and Real Estate 7 W. Glen Street Telephone 4-1500 Westbury HAMILTON R. HILL Insurance - Real Estate WEstbury 7-0108 249 Post Ave. For Westbury and Vicinity Floral Park EDMUND D. PURCELL REALTOR Sales - Appraisals - Insurance 111 Tyson Ave. FLoral Park 4-0333 Lake Ronkonkoma CLIFFORD R. YERK Lots, Farms, Shore Frontage Homes Acreage Rosedale Ave. and Richmond Blvd. Telephones Ronkonkoma 8543 and 8859 East Norwich RICHARD DOWNING & SONS Real Estate & Insurance Brokers North Hempstead Turnpike Tel. OYster Bay 6-0592 Real Estate Insurance East Tetauket Lond island. New York ■ Tel. 101 Selatiket ■ Unqua Agency, Inc. General Insurance Real Estate GORDON W. FRASER, Mgr. 199-A Broadway AMityville 4-0376 the first crowded excursion train out on the great day. As always on Fair Week, Riverhead railroad station was the scene of great activity, hustle and bustle as ex- cursion trains pulled in from Southampton, Patchogue, Hunting- ton and New York — not to mention the main line trains from Green- port and way-stations. Huge throngs were gathered around the speaker's stand on the Fair Grounds that afternoon. The platform was decorated in colors of red, white and blue and the band had switched from "In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree" to the lively "Alexander's Ragtime Band." Just at the appointed time for the magic appearance, the milling crowd set up a roar! The great man was here. Immediately the band struck up "There'll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight!" This was it. He had arrived in a big black, open chauffeur-driven car with his bosom friend, Dean York, brilliant young priest of Huntington, beside him. Now the din was deafening amidst yells of "Good Old Teddy!" All the while, T.R., now standing, gleefully smiled and waved his acknowledgement. Once on the platform and form- alities dispensed with, Theodore Roosevelt, characteristically, lost no time going into action. Sur- rounded by various dignitaries and members of the N.Y. press, T.R, clutched his soft black campaign hat in one fist while he spoke. With his other arm he gestured force- fully as he vehemently tore into "vested interests . . . and male- factors of great wealth . . ." At one point I gathered he was offering a bit of advice to t.hen President William Howard Taft. With jutting jaw and teeth gleam- ing 'neath his sandy mustache, the redoubtable T.R. thunderingly ad- monished: "You'll be damned if you do; but you'll be damned if you don't!" The surging crowd went wild. Immediately on conclusion of the address, a mass of humanity scrambled for the line now form- ing to shake the ex-President's hand. In the melee, I had my coat pocket torn and brand new cap trampled under the feet of the stampeding mob. But I didn't mind — ^hadn't I made the line! Pushed, shoved and jostled I fin- ally found myself vidthin sight and earshot of Teddy. Tousle-headed, smiling he exud- ed his famous charm. Upon grasp- ing each hand he would joyfully exclaim: "DEE-light-ed!" From his tone and radiant countenance it was plain he meant it, too. My turn came. What a moment it was — indeed, the thrill of a lifetime! Now the barkers were ballyhoo- ing intrepid Prof, Hutchinson's Continued on next page East Quogue GEO. H. JONES Real Estate and Insurance Montauk Highway Telephone East Quogue 960 Wantagh W. J. JORGENSEN Realtor — Appraisals Tel. Wanta«h 2210 Wading River WM. L. MILLER & SON Real Estate and Insurance Phone: Wading River 4323 Great Neck o/./l> _^ LONG ISLAND ^=^^^%SS REAL ESTATE City line to Montauk Point. List- ings wanted all over Long Island. Sales offices at 740 Northern Blvd., Great Neck, and Route 25 Matti- tuck. Tels. GReat Neck 2-5614 and Mattituck 9-8434. Garden City U (l!Ki. iM7t-i~| (£) I I riTF: AlTroTTSI \ 1* 1 . 7 ln--l--l<:Ks) ^— ' "Brooklyn and Long Island^! Largest Real Estate Organixaiion" 721 Franklin Ave. PI 6-5400 Save at Southold Latest Dividend 2\ Plus 14% extra per annum Bank by Mail WE PAY POSTAGE BOTH WAYS The Oldest Savings Bank in Suf- folk County. Incorporated 1858. Southold Savings Bank Southold, New York Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 231 LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 Leading Real Estate Brokers Miller Place ALFRED E. BEYER Licensed Real Estate Broker Member, Suffolk Real Estate Board North Country Road Miller Place Tel. POrt Jefferson 8-1204 Babylon CHARLES F. PFEIFLE Licensed Real Estate Broker Lots - Plots - Acreage W. Main St., nr. Lake Babylon 644 EASTPORT Edward B. Bristow Real Estate and Insurance Main Street EAstport 5-0164 Real Estate Insurance EDWARD F. COOK East Hampton Telephone 4-1440 INSURANCE Ask EDWARDS The Oldest Agency for Miles Around Phones SAyville 4-2107 - 4-2108 GLEN FLOORS FRED CAPOBIANCO Broadloom - Linoleum Tile Shades and Blinds BABYLON GLEN COVE HICKSVILLE balloon ascension "into those vast, upper reaches of unknown space." Already he was inflating the big gas bag. Then would be the "spec- tac-u-lar" plunges of "King" and "Queen," the beautiful white div- ing horses, into a huge tank of water. Suddenly I felt, "Oh, hang the Professor!" He could go fly a kite now. The horses? They could jump in the lake if they liked. Who eared? These diversions somehow seemed rather childish and anti-climax to a boy who'd just shaken hands with a former President of the United States, and Theodore Roosevelt, no less. On Oct. 31, 1917, I was again privileged to hear the great Amer- ican speak at Camp Upton. It. was an impassioned address that stir- red all •who heard. Now a young man of 23, I was deeply impressed, of course, but not half as thrilled as that day at Riverhead in 1910. For I was fifteen at the County Fair. In December, ex-president William Howard Taft spoke at Camp Upton in dedication of the new YMCA building. Barely one year later, the world learned of Col. Roosevelt's sudden death early on the morning of Jan. 5, 1919. Paradoxically, Theodore Roosevelt, ardent advocate of the strenuous life which he himself lived, died peacefully in his sleep. "Put out the light, please," he requested the old butler, and his voice was never heard again. Wilson L. Glover Southold Christmas Gift Subscriptions Every year more and more Long Islanders are using yearly sub- scriptions of the Long Island Forum as Christmas gifts. They simply send us the names and addresses of the recipients, to- gether with a check (at $2 each) to cover the list and we do the rest. Our special Christmas card mailed to each recipient in time for the holiday bears the giver's Yuletide Greetings. The important thing, however, is to place these orders early to insure our card being received just prior to Christ- mas Day. An Exciting Biography- Ed Kilman and Theon Wright have written an outstanding story of American opportunity in their book entitled "Hugh Roy Cullen", the fabulous tale of a poor youth who became known as "the king of the Texas wildcatters". Through the Cullen Foundation he has given away $160,000,000 for philan- thropic purposes. The book is an inspiration to American youth. Published by Prentice-Hall Inc. at Farmingdale GREGORY SOSA AGENCY, Inc. Real Estate and Insurance Serving The Community Since 1921 FArmingdale 2-0321 — 2-1286 Mubbell, Klapper &- Nubbell LONG ISLAND REAL ESTATE 65 Hilton Avenue Garden City, N. Y. REAL ESTATE Insurance Mortgages JOHN T. PULIS 1«1 Richmond Ave , Amityville AMityville 4-1489 BELLPORT Edward B. Bristow Real Estate and Insurance M»in Street BEllport 7-0143 Over 100 Years of DEPENDABLE SERVICE TO LONG ISLANDERS E'veryMng for Building TlaA^au Sutiolk LUMBER h. SUPPLyvUcORP AMITYVILLE ROSLYN HUNTINGTON SMITHTOWN WESTBURY WANTAGH LOCUST VALLEY FORUMS, PRIOR TO 1950 One dozen scattered numbers. At least 50 stories on island history. Sent postpaid for $1.50. Address L. 1. FORUM, AMITYVILLE ^ 232 DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM m Thomas Moran Continued from page 224 der the title of "See America First!" I'hough he had traveled ex- tensively in Europe, copying and interpreting Turners in the National Gallery in Lon- don and studying the Old Masters in France, Germany, and Italy as a neophyte painter, Moran finally found himself when he turned to American subjects. Convinced that "there is no phase of landscape in which we are not richer, more varied and inter- esting than any country in the world," he vigorously main- tained as the principal tenet of his artistic credo that an artist "should paint his own land." The range of Moran's sub- jects embraced skillful and faithful artistic impressions of the rugged majesty of the Rockies and the grotesque buttes of Idaho, the subtropi- cal scenery of Florida and Old Mexico, the quiet canals and fairy-like palaces of Venice, the peaceful meadows of Kent and Sussex, and the restful stretches and storm-swept promontories of Eastern Long Island. It is these last impres- sions that particularly inter- est us. For more than forty years he maintained a sum- mer studio in East Hampton in a house that fronted the Town Pond on the main street, not far from "Home Sweet Home." Failing health in his last years did not prevent his making an annual trip to his Long Island home, where in his forty-foot studio during An East Mampton Landscape From Watercolor by Cyril A. Lewis MORTGAGE MONEY HOME OWNERS Mortgage Loans to refinance existing mortgages or to purchase and/ or renovate homes INDIVIDUAL MORTGAGE HOLDERS Existing mortgages purchased or refinanced RIVERHEAD SAVINGS BANK RIVERHEAD. N. Y. RIVERHEAD 8-3600 233 LONG ISLAND FORUM the months of May through November much of his work was done. For diversion he summoned his hanoy-man, an Indian named George Fowler, to pilot him around Hook Pond, a quarter of a mile east of his home, in the gondola which in 1888 floated Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning through the Venetian canals. This he had purchased on a romantic impulse for 750 lire during his sojourn in Venice in 1890 and had it shipped to East Hampton. Upon his death Moran's relatives pre- sented the gondola to the East Hampton Public Library, and it finally came to rest in the Mariners' Museum at New- port News, Virginia. In a more practical mood he studied the pastoral scenery in and about East Hampton— the woods, the meadows, the winding roads, the windmills, and the blue summer sky— to transmute to canvas. He painted Long Island scenery under all kinds of weather conditions at all times of the day. In a Misty Morning, Ap- paquogue it is bathed in dull, morning light; in Sunset, Long Island, priced at $1,700 in 1924, the brow of a rocky, tree-studded hill stands against a glowing west. In Five-Mile River, Long Island, a bare-legged boy fishes in the gray, placid river from a small, private pier on a typical "fisherman's day" under a sky mottled with hght and dark gray clouds. Nimbus clouds gather in paintings like Near Southampton, ticketed for sale in 1936 for $1,200, and East- hampton. Long Island, depict- ing a view of undulating green countiyside with houses and windmills. The storm spends itself in landscapes Uke A Summer Storm, Easthampton, depicting one of the windmills that typify a Long Island landscape, and in seascapes like Blowing a Gale, East- hampton Beach, delineating the breaking of a heavy sea. With the passing of sum- mer when the autumnal winds raged and the surf ran high, Moran draped his lithe, active figure in a cape coat, donned a beaver cap, and sallied forth, avid for pictorial subject mat- ter. A wreck on the boulder- strewn shore off Montauk Point that became the subject of The Cliffs of Montauk tes- tifies the success of his search if he turned seaward ; a wom- an following a path through green, sandy country beside wind-blown russet and green trees in Autumn Winds, East- hampton, with a windmill sil- ^eNiTH STOP in and let us demonstrate the NEW ZENITH /-3[,\ ROYAL V model/ HEARING AID In Stock: Batteries for all Types of Aids PICKUP & BROWN GUILD OPTICIANS 18 Deer Park Ave. Babylon Tel. Babylon 927 DECEMBER 1954 houetted against dark clouds testifies the success of his search if he turned landward. Among a plethora of oils ^^ and water-colors like Montauk Ponds, A Glimpse of Georgica Pond, and A Windy Day, Three Mile Harbor and a mul- titude of etchings like An Old Apple Orchard, Easthampton; The Beach, Fresh Ponds ; and Looking Over the Sand Dunes, even the most ethnocentric Long Islander will find grati- fication and "God's plenty." Rare L. I. Books "Antiquities of Long Island", Gabriel Furman, 1875, with Bib- liography by Henry Onderdonk, Jr. "Loafing Down Long Island, Charles Hanson Towne, with draw- ings by Thomas Fogarty, 1921. "Select Patents and Manors, Frederick Van Wyck, 1938. "Stony Brook Secrets," Edward A. Lapham, beautifully illustrated, 1942. ^ , ^„ . , "History of Long Island m four large illustrated volumes, Henry Isham Hazelton, 192:5. Denton's "Description" 1670. Gowan's reprint 1845. Contains listing of "Early Printed American Books". , , ,T, ^ Historic Long Island (RuEus |^ Rockwell Wilson) 1902. f ' ' For particulars write L. I. For- um or 'phone AMityville 4-0554. Jianfe of amitpbtUe Incorporated 1891 lio on Special Interest Accounts Compounded Quarterly Hours: 9:00 to 3:00 except Saturdays Friday Evenings 6:00 to 8:00 Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Blomquist Laundry COMPLETE LAUNDRY 'SERVICE U Cottage Row Glen Cove Tel. Glen Cove 4-1105 Serving the Community Since 1900 RECORDS RCA - Columbia- Decca Wide Selection of POPULAR CLASSICAL CHILDREN'S in all the speeds AMITY RADIO For Quality Service on TV On the Triangle AMityville4-1177 l^^ DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM • ^he ^ark e5%ary and L,ouise • # VX/' HEN I was a little girl I loved to be taken to call at a house in East Se- tauket full of fascinating things — ivory balls, ball with- in ball, eight of them intri- cately carved from one solid piece; a big grinning idol head, and best of all, the chess men, kings, queens, knights, bishops and pawns carved like people in costumes of two tribes. The castle was on an ele- phant like the two-tailed beast Natty Bumpo gave the In- dian in Cooper's "Deerslayer." Later I found the tale that lay behind these pieces — the voyage of the bark Mary and Louise. Back in the days when East Setauket rang with the sound of hammers, and little boys were welcome at launchings because, should the ship stick, they were set running races on her deck to work her free, there was built by Boss Bacon the bark Mary and Louise. When in 1858 she sailed for China, Captain Benjamin Jones took his wife with him, and among the crew was a 12- year old cabin-boy named Eg- bert Bull Smith who after- wards told about it in a book, "The Two Sisters." A trip to China was a long and hazardous voyage in those days and the bark e'icountered much headwind and two hur- ricanes before she reached the pirate infested waters of the Malay Straits. There they were hailed by a ca^oe full of natives whose chief wore a high hat, frock coat and over- alls. They came on board to barter, all but one man. a prisoner, who thev wanted to trade for a o-un. That offer be- ing refused, thev left after making sure that the bark had no cannon. At sunset, the bark lying f^te Wheeler (§trong becalmed, the lookout spotted 20 war canoes in the distance. Fortunately the pirates waited until dark to attack and by then a breeze had sprung up and the bark could be driven between the canoes. Many canoes were cut in two and thirty men including the chief were killed while the bark did not lose a man. The pirates' prisoner, however, escaped and was pulled aboard the bark. Captain Jones treated him kindly, and named him Sunday, and Mrs. Jones taught him English and Christianity. Reaching China, they found that Commodore Perry had opened the doors of trade with Japan, so for two years the Mary and Louise traveled be- tween China and Japan. In Shanghai, the man Sunday was transferred to a British battleship to serve as guide against the pirates. As he planned to carry valuable cargo Capt. Jones had cannon placed on deck and engaged a former gunner in the British Navy to handle them. On one trip, carrying 275,000 Mexican silver dol- lars, the bark was chased by four junks. Her cannon sank two of them, killing thirty men, and the Chinese gun- boat Confucius coming to the rescue, captured the other two. Captain Jones had the honor to take the first mis- sionaries into Japan. While in China there was a revolution going on in Pekin so two of his sailors went inland to see the fun. Upon their return they presented the mate with some of the loot. He gave three embroidered chair-seats to Mrs. Jones, one of which hangs in a Setauket home. As it has an embroidered dragon with three toes, a royal de- sign, it probably came from the imperial palace. During its second year the bark had many adventures, once surviving a typhoon. At last clearing for home, when 46 days out of Shanghai it ^''as hailed by a British Gun- boat whose small boat brought Capt. Jones word that the pirates they had encountered two years before had been wiped out, thanks to the guid- ance of the man Sunday who, now an officer, was in charge of the boat that brought this message. He was delighted to see his rescuers once more. The voyage home was a race with death as Mrs. Jones was very ill. However, they reached New York in time for her to see her family before she passed away. As for the cabin-boy, he was a hero to all the Setauket youngsters. ESTABLISHED 1887 SOUTH SIDE BANK BRENTWOOD Suffolk ^ 4th Phone BR 3-4511 BAY SHORE Main Cf Bay Shore Av. Phone BA 7-7100 Member Federal Depoiit Insurance Corporation 235 LONGISLAI^D FORUM Original Designs Featured in Fashion Show Two coats and a jacket dress shown here are part of a group of original designs, created, made and modeled by students of Trap- hagen School of Fashion, 1680 Broadway, New York. They were seen in a fashion show given by the school at the Hotel One Fifth Avenue. Sherry Brake (top left) wears her coat of copper wool and there is a matching sheath dress be- neath. The short- jacket costume of green-checked wool with white collar (top right) is Barbara Simke's own design. The cocktail and theatre coat (at bottom) is uniquely beautiful for its fabric as well as cut. It is of a tapestry upholstery cloth, an original de- sign by Carol Brandt who wears it here. These three girls, all 1954 grad- uates who majored in design and clothing construction, are now es- tablished in positions obtained through the Placement. Bureau at Traphagen . . . and through the smartness of their designs. They joined with current pupils in pre- senting the showing. Most of these young people studying fashion at Traphagen plan to make it a ca- reer. However, the school looks just as proudly on its alumnae who make up a "best-dressed" group of young matrons with big savings in their pockets. The girls have an ace in the hole, too, if they want to return to the busi- ness of fashion as a profession at any later date. Patchoguc Centenarian In the September issue of the Forum on page 173 I see an article in reference to Patchogue in 1812. What you published, I believe, is a part of an article written by An- drew Jackson Smith and sent to you by the former Geraldine Newins of Sanford, Florid-J. T remember Andrew Jackson Smith very well and was very much interested in the article. Be- fore Andrew Jackson Smith died he erected a monument to himself in Cedar Grove Cemetery (Patch- ogue). This monument shows that he was born February 6, 1813 and died January 19, 1913. He had inscribed on his monu- ment the following: "The noblest work of God is an honest man." Sometime I would like to read the complete article. Joseph T. Losee Patchogue Note: Counselor at Law Losee could himself write some interest- ing things of Patchogue of a later DECEMBER 1954 era. His father was the proprietor of historic Losee's Hotel, now no more, and he is a brother-in-law of the late Justice Walter H. Jay- cox of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court. Lake Success Name I have heard it said by an old resident that the name of Lake Success came from the Quakers in that vicinity before 1700 because they had so many converts there. Is this right? K. V. B. (Our an- swer: we doubt it very much.) BUY AMD USE X CHRISTMAS SEALS TUBERCULOSIS "The Fame Behind the Name" HARDER Extermination Service, Inc. Termite Control, Mothproof- ing and all other seiv ces Phone Nearest Office PAtchogae 3-2110 HUnliniiton 4-2304 Rlvei head 8-2943 HEmpsiead 2 31^6 BAbylon 6-2(2" Southampton 1-0346 Bt!;i port 7-0604 STony Brook 7 0917 F. Kenneth Hurder President Robert Troup Vice-President COLUMBIA SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 93-22 JAMAICA AVENUE WOODHAVEN 21, N. Yi VIRGINIA 7-7041 FOREST HILLS OFFICE 15 Station Square - at Forest Hills Inn CHARTERED 18B9 SAVINGS ACCOUNTS MORTGAGE LOANS SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES Safety of your Savings insured up to $10,000 m fft 2.^6 DECEMBER 1954 LONG ISLAND FORUM Sculpturing Continued from Page 229 turned to the oceans. This raised their general level and drowned great areas of land. This event in combination, perhaps, with the changing elevation of the land, caused the sea to invade the Sound valley to the north and en- croach between the ridges to the east to form Peconic Bay between the North and South Flukes. Thus Long Island emerged as a separate entity. Recent discoveries seem to indicate that sometime before this the Sound valley was en- closed by land to the east and existed as a lake. During the thousands of years since the island was born its features have been greatly altered by the action of the wind, rain, waves and other natural forces to the form we know today. But this is another chapter of the story that I hope to tell in a future issue of the Forum. Christmas Pudding Continued from pag-e 227 that neither she nor, one sup- poses, he had any idea of the quantity. It mounded upward on the kitchen table, purple, yellow, and carmine, higher than the lazy susan center- piece, a load seemingly heavier than the deeply lathed table legs meant to bear. The chil- dren shouted for joy at its size, but Grandmother cried at what she called "the waste of it" and sobbed that no- where could she ever borrow a pot to hold it all. Grandfather was upset, of course, but only Grand- mother's attitude distressed him. He stamped out of the house throwing on his coat and muffler against the De- cember day. In half an hour he was back and under his AMITY AUTO SALES Chevrolet Agency For Sales and Service Parts and Accessories Merrick and County Line Roads Tel. AMityville 4-0909-4-0910 arm was a small, new wash boiler, partly filled with snow ly the blustering wind. Immediately, in his stiff- bosomed shirt with his sleeves rolled up. Grandfather turned cook. He seated Grandmother to one side and refused to hear her pleadings. Then such mixing and ladling and steaming as was ever known began. The house at first smelled pleasantly of spice, then it reeked of it, and the sickened children took their sleds and went out into the snow to be rid of it. But when bedtime came the pudding was lifted out of the boiler in a bulging pillowcase, and Grandfather, although exhausted, saluted its plump goodness with an appropriate quotation. Moreover, Grand- mother, through her tolerant love for this impractical man, had now become a partner in his holiday venture, which. while excessive, transcended prudence in the spirit of the merriest season. Christmas Eve came and the pudding blazed up so fiercely as Grandfather ap- phed the taper that the jamb of th;e door between the kitchen and the dining room was almost scorched. Even the drafty house fingered the blue-burning glory and Grand- father's precious beard was momentarily jeopardized. The children ate pudding that night and every night through New Year's Eve yet no one grumbled — in fact, the week became memorable to them all. A Household "Must" The Forum is a "Must" in our household, and then we send it on to Kansas City, Missouri, to a former Long Islander, who also enjoys re-treading familiar terri- tory. (Mrs.) Florence M. Schwarting West Hampton "Long Island Whalers" By Paul Bailey The history of whaling by L. I. ships and men for more than 200 years, briefly told. Showing the begin- ning, the rise, the peak and the decline and finish of the industry between the 1640's and 1870's. Well illus- trated. Postpaid $1. Address LONG ISLAND FORUM, Box 805, Amityville J. C. DODGE & SON, Inc. Glen Cove's Oldest Furniture House Established in 1835 when Andrew Jackson was President. 99 GLEN STREET GLen Cove 4-0242 a The Long Island Indian" By Robert R. Coles With 20 Line Drawings How our Indians looked and lived. The names and distribu- tion of their chieftaincies. Their contribution to our civilization and many other interesting facts about those first Long Islanders. Send $1 to Robert R. Coles, 7 The Place, Glen Cove, N. Y. 237 LONG ISLAND FORUM DECEMBER 1954 An Old Bay Shore Mill The Forum's frequent references to old time mills reminds me that to the north of where the South- side Hospital at Bay Shore now stands, en the north side of Mon- tauk highway there was within my memory a rather large pond, the outflow from which ran Edwards' gristmill. The mill, as I recall it, was to the west of the hospital property. The brook continued on across the highway which was spanned by a wooden bridge. To the side of the bridge, however, was a shallow ford through which teams with special heavy loads were driven in preference to using the bridge. Also it was a handy place to give the animals a drink of clear, cold spring water. (Mrs.) Carrie Owens Kings Park Third Avenue Railway Vincent P. Seyfried has added to his list of pamphlets on the old trolley lines of the metropolitan area with a 112-page account of Manhattan's Third Avenue Rail- way System from 1853 to 1953. The work includes an outline his- tory of this system, together with accounts of equipment, and is well illustrated with old time photo- graphs. The publisher is Felix Reifsehneider, Box 774 Orlando, Florida. It is perhaps not generally known that the Third Avenue System extended from Queens and Kings Counties on Long Island, through Manhattan, the Bronx and into Westchester as far north as White Plains. POWELL Funeral Home, Inc. 67 Broadway Amityville, New York AMityville 4-0172 Monumental Work Telephone AMityville 4-2126 FIRESTONE Motor Sales, Inc. De Soto Plymouth Austin Sales and Service Martin Firestone' Merrick Road Just West of Amityville "Mostly Dune" It Is The name of Miss Dorothy Quick's country home on the ocean at East Hampton is not "Only Dune" as mentioned in photo title, but "Mostly Dune," as mentioned by Miss Quick in her very interest- ing article in the November Forum. I_ guess to err is still human. (Mrs.) Marilyn Hanley New York Cover to Cover The Forum is the most interest- ing periodical which I receive. I read each copy from cover to cov- er and have learned much of in- terest about our Long Island. Horace K. T. Sherwood, Long Beach, Cal. (former Mayor of Glen Cove, L. I.) Liked Mr. Coles' "Some Matine- cock Place-Names" in November Forum. F. A. Frey, Forest Hills. DRY CLEANING FUR STORAGE Mt^JkMfui' RUG CLEANING AMITYVILLE 4-3200 Auto Radiators Repaired, Recored and Boiled Out Electric Motors — Rewinding and Rebuilding AMITYVILLE BATTERY & IGNITION SERVICE, Inc. Broadway and Avon Place Phones 1174 - 2095 Amityville Bailey's Long Island History A limited number of sets of the Long Island History, com- piled by Paul Bailey and pub- lished last year by the Lewis Historical Publishing Com- pany of New York, has been made available through the Long Island Forum at one- third off the publishers' price. This drastic reduction from the original price of $46.50 is made possible by eliminating volume 3 which consists en- tirely of biographical sketches. Volumes 1 and 2 comprise the complete History as com- piled by Editor Bailey and written by leading authorities in every field, consisting of more than 1000 pages, 43 chapters and 200 illustrations. These handsomely printed and bound deluxe books (size 8x10% inches) will be sent, while they last, in the same order that anplications are re- ceived. Price $30. Besides the complete history of the island, from its discov- ery, including chapters on geo- Address: LONG Amityville, N. Y. logy and archaeology, there 4% are separate chapters on each ^ of the towns in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, the history of the leading church denom- inations, whaling, fishing, shell fisheries, agriculture, medicine, banking, education, aviation and many other sub- jects. Long Island Birdlife is com- piled by Edwin Way Teale, rationally known authority; the island's mammals, by Dr. W. J. Hamilton, Cornell zoolo- gist. The most extensive cov- erage of the island's Indians ever printed was prepared by John H. Morice. Among the; authors represented are J. Rus'^el Spran^ue, Dr. Oscar G. Darlinpfton, Dr. Clarence Ash- ton Wood, Miss Jacoueline Overton, Rev. John K. Sharp, Chester R. Blakelock, Osbom Shaw, Herbert F. Ricard, Preston R. Bassett. Robert R. Coles. Halsey B. Knapn, Nancy Boyd Willey. Mary E. Bell — in all more than forty ^^ such authorities. ^^ ISLAND FORUM Tel. AMityville 4-0554 2J8 SAVE Reduces !ron!ng up to 35% Dries quickly, automatically Works while you do something etse No need to wait on the weather "Fluff" dries so you can Just fold and put awajr many Uems SAVE YOURSELF No more heavy basket lifting No "commuting" to the wash line No more heavy wet-wash hanging No more exposure to the cold Automatic operation sets vou Jreefrom washday drudgpy SAVE MONEY Less wear and tear on clothing Ends outdoor fading problem Faster drying means less linen needed Fewer children's clothes required Samngt on doihea and lintn are just like money in the Lank OMT THE rA€TS TODAY of your PluitJMr, Dea/er or of our nearesf local bvsineu office ^tats/tcfjH^ Q CAS DOES IT BESTl LONB ISLAND LIGHTING COMPANY For Luncheons and Dinners The Patchogue Hotel Centrally located on the South Shore for Banquets and other functions Modern Rooms and Suites Montauk Highway Phones Patchoerue 1234 and 800 Wining and Dining in the Continental Tradition, superb, leisurely, inexpensive, will be yours to enjoy, at the entirely new RENDEZVOUS Restaurant 292 Merrick Rd. Amityvillo Phone AMi^ille 4-9768 STERN'S Pickle Products, Inc. Farmingdale, N. Y. Tela. 248: Niicht 891 Complete Line of Condiments for the Hotel and Restaurant Trade Prompt Deliveries Quality Since ISHO Factory conveniently located at Farmtngdale THE NEW Glen Delicatessen Oldest on the North Shore Hig-h Class Delicatessen and Groceries 24 Glen St., Glen Gove, N. Y. Alex Eugene Glen Cove 4-33 76 Tangier Smith Heirlooms I was greatly interested in Miss Strong's article (November For- um) about the Tangier Smiths, as members of that family were very good friends of my husband, the late Maurice French. He was in the U. S. Life Saving Service for some years at Smith's Point and when we were married in 1904 the "girls" — Miss Eugenie and Miss Martha Smith — gave us a present of six very lovely china cups and saucers. I still have five of them after fifty years — one for each of our daughters as keepsakes. My late husband loved the Forum and I read every word of it. Mrs. Maurice S. French Islip Well Told History What our family and friends like most about the Forum is the way history is so well told by your various writers. You must admit that history can be very dry and perhaps that is why many young people are driven away from it. I think the great obstacle to making local history popular is the ultra serious-minded local his- torian who can take a good human interest story from Out the records and make it read like a sorrowful epitaph on a time-pitted grave stone in a very dismal cemetery. All of the Forum's writers seem to have a rich appreciation of the human interest to be found in his- tory and to make the most of it. 0. F. Whalen, Bridgeport, Ct. Expert Opinion Mr. Hall and I always read the Forum with great interest and you are to be congratulated on a unique publication. I realize more and more its importance in the preser- vation of local history which would not otherwise come to light. Martha K. Hall Note: Mrs. Hall, who is librarian of the Huntington Historical Soci- ety, collaborated with other trus- tees of the Walt Whitman Birth- place Association in compiling the interesting pamphlet issued in honor of the poet's 135th birthday, May 31, 1954. November issue very interest- ing. I liked Miss Quick's hurricane story. So, true! Mrs. Frederick H. Schluter, 160 Columbia Heights, Brooklyn. "Willie and Herman's" La Grange Montauk Highway East of Babylon Luncheons - Dinners Large New Banquet Hall Tel. MOhawk 9-9800 For the Sea Food Connoisseur It's SNAPPER INN on Connetquot River OAKDALE Phone SAyville 4-0248 CLOSED MONDAYS HARBOR LIGHT RESTAURANT EXCELLENT CUISINE Catering to Small Parties M. SWAKSON AMityville 4-5868 and 4-9704 Dawes Avenue and George Brown Plaza Amityville (East) PETERS Delicatessen Tel. Amityville 4-1350 176 Park Ave. Amityville YOU'LL BE GLAD YOU TRIED LUNCHEON - DINNER (or SNACK) in the restful comfort of ^he hospitality Shoppe where excellent food, skillfully prepared and promptly served, is primed to meet the better taste. 123 Louden Avenue Tel. AMityville 4-4000 Amityville, L. L "ASK YOUR FRIENDS WHO'VE TRIED IT"