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Full text of "Leshonenu [microform] : rivʻon le-shikhlul ha-lashon ha-ʻIvrit : kovets meyuhad"

nnaun iiuiin 'ynDwi ima-i 



'I'D'TTB n*3 ns'-iya 



n m ' » T ^"i P 



„„„, „,.v y=;r- "-" 

m^ ff ^ Iff T\ 



« . .► . 



iSjiiiiisiiis 

iiiiiliiiiiiMj 

ifiiiiMiiiii 



:■ . .■ *■ 



■J 

- K 



r\'>pbnb ,n'3i5a^ Q'3'»*B^n ,D":Dt3n ti'naian ns ^f?iD pV'on 

.n'aaia^i n^nsix^ ,n''^:i3K*? 

- D'aip-jn - d^irasn - aD*ian - Vatyn - nnoaan - naa^inn 

.fa'ian - niaiDa 'pno 

♦minsn riww^n u^iVtt^at&i n^iajraw p'naiaV mnnaa p^»aa «jioa 

(^si»» nnoia^ n»8p»ittKn ppn i>» nnva :>i»oa OBta) 

d^axitJiai a^ii ,*noa d'siij; a^naia i2oo-a h'^^ p^^an 

,n»p^»»sVi iT'iaia*? ,n^JiDisV ,iT'Va3»V 
^ " .nvrsn^n nwwVn 5?a'i«a o^naian mnnea p!?»an iioa 




20 «.««»«.».,.«^«^ 

260 ^^*^ BgpnmaiJmmt'm 



630339 






I 



2-1 nan stt^a piro-iTB n^a 

12- 3 nTT-''!?s?sa tt^ia'ttrn ^sr :]a "> 
30- 13 .'lajyn pni?niT^^ in»tj^xia «itjrn ^i» Tiiiaii^ :(ii!;»»n) |rin 's 

48-31 rail's^! riaar mB^aa D»B0i3 ''DSflVSiy par!?^ 'a 

50-49 imx nnj^b.aiV natj^an p^^a :'|Toaia« 'tt? 

60- 51 ' - "hijrtt'a D'»i^nn D^iin niaur :y'T«3 'a 

71-61 d^aan |iiy^a :|ioai3« 'B^ 

82- 72 . n^iayn matt^^a^ its? *S?5ta«a *ais?n p^-'an :«]Dip/^ 

92-83 ''lansBr'xtsaa/, j^aia '8 

104-93 ptt^Vi jrat? »pifi : ' 1 ri 'a 

114-105 '« ni« /nnw-ia p^-'aV i^isoia mij?n '.vanan '« 

121-115 tt^Tn pni?n ib'd!? niimi niisrn ;i'iKa /a 

123-122 ., xiaisraa i^aj?n3B> ci'lBD 

124 iTTiiyn p» t'l^o-Titj n^a 

126-124 ^jr l*iKn : (f B>^) d 12^ ^ 'rt 

127-126 ti'V aiiH iTiS^n :|'ioa*)a« 'cr 

127. mttri a'tt? p'a 

127 n^5!^n nans a»5? 






L.^'^-K /I: -.^ /-, 



^-_.— -' 






I f 






f' , 







ppw nnisni nsip'^ d^ean ,nT nni^a pij? ^tj^ ajrwsn niaoaa 

tt>»tt^»n ,i3Ti^p 'ane ^tjr i-JiDn i^j?b» ^tt^ n«^a nDisrn K''an^ 
d^^srsaV 13K d'BStt niyi .laaj? mainV pois *nVa i^a«a^ *?ao 
|nn Vttr iniiaaa ,iaiV la^ ]n''3t!r naa ini* ,')'7^a'>tt^ ,nsa d^tt^in 
«^« It nv^2 ia^sa ]''«i .na''t2?vnai?T njra da tt^innan ,Va'i\i 
^lyi n''a'7j?«n nan »?d ^ur da^i dtyea iina ,d*!?'in''«i nana 
n» ij?aB>tt^ ,mai8a'i VKitt^'a ,n^ i^inai pxa T»s''is?a ^nj? ^a 
iniaia nspnu^an ,it mni^a n*?iw \inv'iisi .'n* .inn niwa 
laajr m«i^ nari&'i ^d'a-* ttis^ lasisVi laaj?^ niiaar ,n^yan 
♦li-'sa nsjti'n niinn n^waai n^iaan ]vt n^i«w 



4^ 



a"o^ «a «in .nvwi »nv p ]n»jn ^laiD iihV ssi' nt yws f aip 

«anVv|«aai» ,ttrnn ,mnnK in'fnKw *im wii'bv »iarer ,D»^sraa ni 'wbt 
•13310// Tiisr ^w inaim ,tt;in pini mn u^ia!? n'aTjPKn 'aioiD^ini" 
.laipaa Dip^ insty na ^yi nw na Vv nnsj? D'^aump^ maKb 
nViVatt^ai wnBV ^jpnaa awni ^na Ti?Bn i^ n»n 'laawV-y pvain 
D"nVtt^ mam nnvaa ,nnayn ]wir\ nvi^ur in^is^D nt&nnnn tHa .ntt^ya^ 
"iijra nan ^a^ iniat nVm .mittrsin aViyn nan^a nnn >i p»^«»a pna 

i^nVo'iiinKn d'wnna .nr |iHD'a ^jr n^ij?ttrni nainan inna !?»XRnwi 
p»Vn Tyi K'tt^aa >t p'VK'a ^ani D«n on 'a Tssni ,nwan 'a n"»SBn 
^w map 'D ^y itt^K ,''3« ^idkbt ,"»^ |ainai lama inrKin «]N1 ,8Mn nywa 
nanjr nn «i» ^o'^^u^iTatt^ nb^aaa nnayn ]iw^^ nnia m'iana p'^«»a 
i?n n'Sin naiya .nnaj?n pwSi lyi nSnina n^isron nj?'^ nni "miW?* 
♦noaaa 'hiia bsrai ^it nK-nx-ns^mb maj^MV msVRai ,ianNa p'VK'a »]« 
onwyanni' nt .a^Vwaan nK*?ai mnn«n nK^a ,n nsK^a bv; niipn »a"»:ra 
miw^a 11*1 iiK ivajpB^ ,D'B>pn o^Kana nr n'j?Dn mhub rn'o^aiz^ ,natt^ 
^tt^ "iiT w D'pn^ na'ix nn'^nur ,nnajrn n»'oia'ai»n bw n'am n'WKia 
»Va n"aa b)ff vptn m n»n ,nanan nio" lyi .nnajrn laaiw^a anpin 
nTJi':wnn «^ nnayn ]whr\ iyi ^or d»asaisan vysan .D»aaV '^aid'»aia 
psrain btj^ nnainmia'nai ,'naiiaai .tiss rraan 'b ^jr miajr «^i .Vfiur ^ma 
^np ^'aara pyainTiisra ,'>a« iki .ma^tt^n loinai mnpan p nam iTn 
nVK Va djr .nn« k^ m^u^aaur 'mi ,naw hiioa ^yai niaiBr jiitr^m ^ya 
p'avaydviB ia nn^i ,ntPs?a^iipnaV pyann mua >y iiatt^t' m^inij^n 
m^inttrn n»t pm 3!?aa t^au^a Kiip ^a^a'anaan anns d'piBi laaiirVa 
dna I'Ktj? ,pno 'natj^ |na naaa «|Ki ,'W'Nn oia^ion n« :pn'yn ]a p'mn^ 

•lamtjay dirpi iia'^ 
nVt?aan ns'anai .main man ^y ]w'?n lyi ^tj^ d»ana a'sasa *inK 
]3 -)ty»^s dA n'Vy-ia^nv ,mnayn |itt?^V n'aipR nnis napin .noaani 
t)^'^^1 »attr iwaa ]w'?r\ nyi 8^Kia najru^ ,a"»w'Kn nnp p'VH'a dai min» 
iMur ,nbKa 'Tn' miSB^a on^a'ai ,it n^anps^ o'anyKi a^ian nnaa .lai'p 
itrVR t»B^ mi«'i2^a mava ,nawK*in d^iyn nan^a 'aaV |ii2>Vn njjiia anan 
"^y my .nnys n'B^Kna «m |»ny imayn ]wbh n»anpKn >t mm' |a 
nn'?iyB 'aiT ns n'Bio ny»ap yiap^i a'BOia anan iina*? anann »aiw»n 
,n»i an'a'ai ,nnyii anyi lapin «]«i ,nmi3y^ papn iviki jrapa laa ^an 



i*'»n -11^033 a** ova inDONa D"iran nan "jr iinaaw 'bd 



I'anaK onnaK 

^ao 'ax nB^» 

ft&i^o dina 

]aa'fi aj?r 



Q^n-paKt 

tjyaa »as in 

l^'aipna ai pnr 

]'a" bmvi^ 
ina apjr» 

lan^j? «ior 

I'^an VKr «]0i' 

»aivaw nn 



tniaa 'lan 



: d'lan 



,11951 'i«ii!iBa 25) •j''»»n 'N i*i«a a"s ava 836 »on •'d»aiDiBH t'\pb''„i' aoniB * 
T»»ft T,»sa t'» Di»a 849 '68 "D^aioiDn tji|?i»»„a doiib it nB»»ia niyu jip»n .estt 'ajr 

.986 'aj^ /(i96<i *»aa 20) 



,Tny^ la^aioiD n'aan n'DW 
/D^awVn o'ipna«n iniyai 'laaivV* t)ij>d ,"»?j?i& ,nvi»n n«a p ^yi 
pya*) .ts'Kiipn p TiB*n^ .nau^ antiry ^tt^aa ]itt^Vn njn av»a iKS'V 
wnn |»'33 nua^ iTanpHn. »?yi ,nT v^^P^ B"no» ^n^nw niaa /laiw^^ 



»*» ft'iajrn yivbb n'BipRii iwpn 



n-'miDiDi n^nntott ,n''ttip«n i\w«i p-ns 
.(n'ai|!»Kn-'|Vn»?) n'»na3?n iw^^ n»»ij?«n Ripy^D^iavn twbV p^^jrn "?oi»n* .1 

: |n i^« n'ttipxa^tt^ ri'iintja .2 

ti'VuVxwnn'pin .nnayn iwVn nana n'Tj?nV n^V (i) • 

ip»n5?nar a'nw ,anD3 ,pii?T3 ,n'!?an ^sisa ^nu^yani ^i**)??! 'amn ^sa nwm 

l^iin ;]WVn*Vs?DaV Dnj^iin ,n^n3an ,nN*Van : on iVk iTaTpKn Vty n^fliipia .3 

.nnvnnr 'Vaiaxn 

.h»Vaia» nivaTBi mvia niVDia n^aTjjKn na*»i?a nmiajr jns'a^ .4 

: an i^» nK^Vay omoan Dn'i?finn .5 
iiTaTpsn nVij^D !?y nSiaan bur mantt^nm a^ann iiw'k (K) 

- J nVijTDn nraan iitt^'K P) 

naattia nK»ban) pnpnni nia^an oinna rm3?Tin ^t» "jn^nivsn iw^»' H) 
k»n» mm»amjn Vj; w a^a'^n anyiimn« "ry ik nSnaan by nt rpen b'tjnb 

- >(is o«^^ Tnan 
riB^'an iH nbnaantt^.lwiKn ainna |»ai ]irbn ainna i^a .nbKu? baa nynan (n) 

» (nniovnbKV — ]bnb) nmo^a nniK a'Kii iTanpsn 'lana 
r|na ipbna ini» ih nnjn 'ntt^ttr iiwb mbstya njrnan (i) 

imiyiini anjriin .nVnaan m^na (T) 
.iraij?Kb anan nrna (n) 

.bbaaivi |iro ny pitt^niaa ,a«tt>inb nn« |»»3an |a na^wb nojana nK^ban .6 

nyxn 'o bjn« nbnaan nabnn »b by ]"3an ]a xbar na»»»b noaana nK^ban J 

' .anan iWan 

laba ni'yna nwsnn yiat^b paan p Kbw na^w'b oaannb naaoia nK>ban .8 

.nanaa awn v'liKa bn-ib i« 

•ina nnKT nn» ba by nbnaan DDbnn 'd by bnpb nimnD nx'ban xiia'ar* .9 

»n»B |hb a'Bisai ananb niaarn a»nbittr i^aan |a na'B^'b aiij? B'a' mwy .10 

.|mb naiyn laini arn *)no 

B'a"ayn n« N'sinb ,Kiniir p'ay baa pn oB^b ntt'ban na^tt^'' a^pb 8^mn |"3an . 1 1 
.nanaa nyw nniK a'Nsaan n'aijjKn 'lan bar abnia an Kin ,12 nai?na a^iaan 



.1162 '»}? ,(i95tt tjoiaiRa 5) i"»»n a«a 'i ova aes -ea "nwpnn faip,a bbiib * 



^* >'1??ii lltl^^ n*»1Nn^ 



.nnjriin riH dn'ay» bnyi'in w n«»^an .29 

nyti^ai .n'mpsn ^tt^ o'syr-anan i» n'anj?«n nan : D'unnwa ftiij^iia .30 
,myiia D'anin Q^r^ayV D-'naioa n'bnpKV pna d^van dx inixn 

o'xyrn-D'iann |» i« n'aTpKn 'ian» Q-i^aur ^Va ^na d^anniba myi Vaa .31 
l» i» .TaipKn nana inn nana d-ipenoa ^Van p d"»«sv anpaa ,n»aij?«n^tt^ 

.n'aTjpKH ^vf a^xyi?n-dnann 
dnyiin n»D5?n«r nnjn i nK»!?aa dnnai |nnan ,nK»Van nrayntj^ nnyi .32 

.anyiin njrsn »b Vy piK naaa n^naan ,23 n5pr» 'fi^ 

n^itt^n n«npn *in«^i .mnnp 'nwa nvm Qinnau^ d»r»aya nn myi Va .33 

n« Tas» nynn » nV 'sinxn nynn '3b^ n^myxni n^ain mnxin nK mynn nK»aa 

loian iwkV IK n«''?an iwv}? |niK ns'aa nVnaam .n^naa*? mynn niyin 

.(n)5 napn 'dV a'ania mnio» ni^«tt? I^'iya in)5 napn 'u^ laV laoinB^ 

.dnn» nnoia ay menwa inrma^ ]n a»ana nR^sia n^aipKn .34 

tnaonea R'n anav .d'ana n«»sia n'a*TJ?Rn .35 
a»a"aym«e^ Vaai (nii»ai a^na ,i?npT pw) ]iur^n »a"aya n'»ni»!?nn ns («) 

innViyB dinnaw 
I nn^iyo hv nuiawni dw (a) 
» nH'!?an hwv'a a»»ynan a'ma'nn iv anai pian (Ji) 
nVnaan an .n'nnoia ikv ma'v^a a^yian B"'nia'»iin huf ana-r pna't n) 

I pa T11X nkn 
.lb d'aiaon d'ainnai nnayn ]wbn npn ainna d»Tn» bty anpna (n) 

in'anpKn 'ana an n^Ki ,36 
B'Viban d»j"3yn a'aoiana anau; /"nnayn iwV? n»aip«n nwnaM« («) 

in)(K)35 napna 
I awyispai d"»V!?a d'aiV'a (a) 
iiaio d»rn» b»y anpna a^aoiDna anaBf >BnBDi ny 'ana ,d»xap (i) 

.(n) 35 napna 

iH d'Ttt' bttr anpna nKxina «ioa na'an n* by *]nntt^nb naaoia n'aipKn ,37 
.amdiBb n'Rinn nvnVia »t by na^nna K'n |»8 ban ,a'xaipa anpna nttsina 

n'aipKn nart nwibw bw a'aionsb nyi nK'ban na'iy»a mm? n'aip«n .38 

anaHaa pn — aitiiBb n^ysian miiayn dR ,|inab baia nt iyi by .ninBrt bab 

.p'D dwa nnwa — 40 napna "iiaHa ,ny »anaai a'itapa didiBb dnyi^an 

nana |n ,a»aioiBb a»a"ipi d'aiiy nbnaan 'jBb yxa'd'aidisn lyi .3d 
|iyB ny unabi d'xapb d»aiiy »i3»a idniK naaa nbnaam ,nb nxina |ni n'anpHn 

,nH»ban nw*i 



n'-^ajin )i»Vi» n»ttii?8n jwpii ^' 



nrna oa^b ,p3j?na o'nrBra pn ajff^ nx».V»|i na»»vp^'j?^ ti>m«i P'wn .12 
.TttipKn nan Vur ti'W'^tt? 'jty sin n'anp«a lan Vip ininan ^wa avfb w i^in nan 

♦naniaa njra^ niTJK ci'HXttjn 
niVapria ,i5-i4 mapna a»»uan ci'a"3vanip!?nnn.K»stin!? ,nK''V»n;nii5^nn^a .13 
nyiann mat ,ni>ipw nijin dk ,na»w»a o'srintj^an nnann h^ tj^niia niyi ana 

.na'w»a WK1 aw^ nnipp 
•T»ii?«a nan ^vf innan !?io'aa ik papna Kintv 'larv Vaa niyaian niB!?nn .14 

.n»)aij?Kn nan Vtt^ D'»tt^»^tt^ »att^ myna m^apna 

]» d*»'*?Br »3tt^ Vi» myn an n»»jtt^i naittrKi njrasna t;m nan m^na!? .15 

.p*?niD n^yn an n*B^*^» njraxna ,na''tt?''a o'DWitt^an onann 

,n>n3aa ni»nj? »mya n^'nn nana p dk nV« ,nysn !?3r nt3'*?ni3 nx'Van pK .16 

.n»Vnn aiz^^ nn'Van »3bV nn^anVi nysnn nK nnab on^Vjr Vume^ ,n*T5nn in nyna 

,K'W3n :dn nVnaan nan .nnan pan n^naa nm^inn nnma ci^natt^^ nn» .17 

,dnviin bvf u^nn 'att^ri K'tyan |3io 
:rrj?Bh hVhi ,n»a'7i?Nn »Hna naiy K'wn .18 

N'aa ,nmiav »amVi n'aipNn ni^ivs VaV nn^^an »asa 'Knnn «in («) 

I fin 'B^a n'anpNn n« as"ai n^nian b\!f •>t\ivfn pattrnm |nn nK n»acV 
7-1 6 niapn 'fiVpi'aan ]a k'?u^i paan |a nx^Van nia*tt^»^ *«nij? «in (a) 

' »i!?K nia'tt^'a VKn a»i»v 
«^» ,|na y^asnVi nnviini fl»njriin ^a nia^i^a inntyn^ 'KT&n «in (J) 

.ma'tt^'n ak o'Vnaa nnyiini onviin b^ tJ?Kn 'as^rtt^ 

|3ioi «»ttran mva iK'tt^an V» laipa m K'tt^an po K^aa ^s'tt^anmya .19 
.my»n nyty^ K^iJ^an n'pon nx nnana nnn !?v n^'wa n^naan ,H'iyan 

Qwbi n»anpKn »^yea^ ni»aan nany dv^ n^anpsn nan |»aa annaa onyi .20 

.inixn 'D^ nK^Van nyaip onyiin nooa m .n^naan 'aea oyix'a^ D'KnnN Dni,&^in'a 

.nnvn VaV anan ntj^'an h^ ih ninon !?d'? anan nmb^ bit; Kin nyi *?a .21 

.ns^Vaa annaa anVtJ^ t^rxn 'a«?i»i anyiin nan .22 

.nianiDa ni!?iyB yis»a ni/b .inisn ^b"? ,nnyi ,nVnaan naaona ,n»aya nyi ^a ,23 

.naKn^i nnyiia miayn axa nw nipob i&ninV nnx oaana nyi !?a .24 

nSnani n'a'rpKn bv^ na'Jtpn nany awV n»anpKn nan paa nnaa '^panas nyi .25 

.n'oaa^i n^anpsn ^t^ nvpiyan nibiyBn yis'a^ nSnaan '3Ba 'Nnn« Kin ,npwa 

.ninsn f?a^ anan nmbu/ b^ Kin 'VanaKn nyiin .26 

.nK'Vaa annaa i*?b; t»Kn at&im '"ranaKn lyiin nan .27 

,nK»!?art niB^'K maiya ninio' ni!?Kts>a »VanaKn nynn Jii»^nn .28 



.ItJ nnajrn |i»VV n^mpK.i pspn 



:Rin 13 d»nan nvna lib .49 
nna»»»a irtiKiaa ^bV ns'^an •is^ n»anj?«a *nnanV nnj^ib D'j^'sa (R) 
nwi^tt^ ^ar tina'nn naivo laji'ia ^jr njrxn >a .m'nan iia»w'^ nanipn 

.iD'rso onan 
i'ni^uo nn»aV myi n»»yan jn»ajra nvnan na»Br»b naiipn na»»»a (a) 
t ni'nan na'wa n»»yan 'jd^ n'hwpoa hk nR'aa m^iim lajian ^v 

.mo «in mj^iin b» n'mapoaa pnn 

,n»aip«n bvf o^Boan mw s»n nanan ^tv a'Doan ma^ .50 
«]io ly /iW ^aa waa yJi'j^iaiT jin»atan Dy insv^nna /n^baiann nn'atan .51 
njriin .'VanaKH nj;ii^ nni» n^'jai naiaon o'soan nitt^^ a'Sj?iin nvsn rjK ,naiDpiK 
.nSnaan »aD> n8»anVi ikw tt;ima nniRan ^a^ nysna ]inn nx a^ob a"n 'Vaiawn 

nnm .nmmV ih nni« ]f>nV ,km» maa njrsnn nR ^apV n'«wi nK'^an .52 

|n^ |»»aan p R^2^ hR'Van na^a^*!? o^jnaBr iwaa R»a?an Rnip ^nyxnn HR nR'^an 

.naiij?n nR'^an .na»»»a lyapaur ,m3'np3r 'bV naainar ,nip*Tnn a'spnn nysna 

nj^aiR ima Q^aw ^w ona^nn .'!?anbRn ijyiin ^v ri'b iioa a»s?nn ywa .53 
po ,R*»an :nyaiRn onn^Ri i.TmRj?oy ^aa ^.TanpRn tr na^na pp^ a«wan 
nSiaan ,iVr msra .»^anaRn nynn b^rt awi» |aoi »Va*iaRn lyiin b^rt a\j?r ^R'a^an 
nynni n^naan ^v onnR onan 'ai&f? na'unn mat iir o'ania ••^a'laRn lyiinv 

.'baiaRn 

.'i954~*i*»»n >nnavn fwbb n»anpRn |iapn-» Rij?»» nt |iapn^ .54 

• 'a^o-TiD .n .a .la^Rfia 

nnayn pti^VV iTaipRn R'tt^a (I954»!?va23)i*»wiinanaa»a 

nu'i p»s-|a 
mainm iia»nn iB^ 



i''Bhinl»„ niyua oeia "tftipm faipiS * 



n»nayn iw^!» n»aipNn ]i3pn T» 



D'iaK» D1D1Q .laioiB hv d'aioiDn lyif Van p dk k^k ,DoiBno lai |»k .40 

.13^3 Tiiyn !?tt^ inyi^ pna ny ♦ariDai o'iapa 

, d'lDiM iwV npin I'aa annaa n^aipKn ^b^ Q'xjnM-d'nanni iTmpHn nan .41 

.onav 
,•7^1111 ma'^'a ,nK»Van nia'tt^'a ^nnu^n!? 3?»n fixa NS»3n n^mpKn nsn .42 
li'K ,nm'* i» anyi »3tt^3 «]nnttran ,n3n) ]1b^^ 'r'jyy nnjn 'nc^ai ia nan KintJ^ 

.(|-nyi> 'r'3s?^ nnx mvna N^K «]nn8^ny a"n 
»i»»3yV nnjn »ntya *jnntt?n^ a^n ,pK3 Nswn ,n''mj?Kn ^tsr yvr"i3n .43 
n»a'7pKn *?v f5?i»n3n .nu'^na nyia ia f\nr\vf^ ,Dn5nin 'tmh nnaa oki ,|W^ 

.n2y"» n5?'73 nti'^ban na»B>'a «]nnB^i1^ 'Xb^i 

,npDoa n3»o k^3 ,"nsr>nV »Ki»n irs n^mpsn ^ly i^ymsn .in n^aTpKn nsn .44 

.Dn3 i3n Kintr^ ,n»nTp'Kn nnow nia'W'tt 

m nyi-nim q^^ d'Vapa n'mpxn ^ij^ d'ss;rn-D;'ianni n'a^j?Kn nsn .45 
loia^ IN nN»>a^ pN3n diip ]w'? »3"35?3 nnviini dnynn b^ dn^amniNXin 

.0)5 nai?n »B^ 13^ "[ttoinw 

•dj'n n»mi?Nn »3n3 nN a»^3pa n»aii?Nn huf d'»syrn-dn3nm n»aip8n n3n .46 

.m'Ntt^n p niTn3n .47 

:K^n lan'aipNn nnoia ixiyi nVnaan .^'>mn rwrm ny3snn mo .48 
^ I niNpnu 'r ^y d»r3xa (N) , 

nbya^ n^ 1N ,annN dnayia niaiy in nayian d» nN ni?nD3 a*3ni3 (3) 

iCdnyi nvn33^pa3) ir^n'tn isoan p 
nnsa ,n:wNi ny3sn3 dVma 3113 nam nayia (i) 
H>V II ayD «]N ,n"3B^3 d'yssai antin ,»Vma 3113 nayia qw nai n^ o) 

» dnayian. nysn3 n^san 
D»v»3xai dnnn <n"3ttr ny3sn3 «in t)!?ma 3113 najna dity not n^ (n) 
I n"avn nyaxna NinttrniyTisoa^D3 latty ,dnaj;ian dniN ^y n'tt^'^T^a 
,n»»att^n IN nawNin nyasn3 d^ma 3n3 anayian ^BT ansj?a i3t (I) 
myhsnV dnaiy .Nirnz? myriBoa b33 13m ;anayian iNts^ »iin33 

I dVnia 311 ia»»»tt^ ly niBdia . 
n^sn N^aa dn3nn ]pt ,in33 n^i N'tt^a ni'ns^ niyssn u^an vn (T) 

»N»tya in3a n3«; n3»Br"'^ iy N'u^an 
HNsaa 131 nn3a nVi anyiin inN^ b'ni 3Bn' m»n3yniy3sn wan I'n (rt) 
nson N^tt^ 13^31 iniB'p tii na^aa nN na'!?tt;a nSiaan ,nion nSiaan 

. fdnsn »ai?a inv 

I ansa's ynaa Viun ,niyi ^b^ niity isoaa mi* in dnayia 'aB? i3t (d) 
lan naaa n^naan ,Nini2^ ayd ^aa n^Bna vi^vfb n»3 ]»ni in3aBr »a o 

«nN'!?an bv nsnpn n3*B^»^ ny laipa nN N^a^ur 



I I 111 •} a n I -I • p n 



»i'om» n'j 



n 91 I -I K Ul XI 



KD n»sr»'aBy nposn nnswa nu^inni niu^M niiwiDn ninnDnn Vaa 

laa^ naH 
tn*?'^ Dji -jpa «ns 

n«i ,tymn p na ia tt^'u? ,|Kaa '''tj^i ^tj^ ityn^s dk naana «»a3i 
^•v ,mmNan ,nnyibn mnnan iina nnaj?^ Dwina ^v^inK '« nan 

,1912 mvii ,s'\Tn nfio 

:(TD 'i?Tn») D»n iina nana nisa 'a laiK sin pi Dn« sin .nan* p'^izri 

: Yjrtt^ nia^a Vijra iste i« K'aan snij? '^k n*ai?n naK .I'yipa Nip »!?k 

: nxtn navnni n^*!?n ]a Knn na ^kiv» laiw .n^'ba na -jav 

:tiab "ipa nwy!? nntn^ ^ae!? v^y .ipa ndk :n'apn .lau^ nan 

aantt^pa iir^i?an d« .I'ya ]vsran dh :|'j? nyV la^yV |pina..nV'^ oxi 

*: nawna .itn laiar : fpn nna^ 
/iai DHH ona^ «?' »!?w !« .ina irs inan n^an s^itb na^, tT^inK i^'ni 
:hV» aina h^ dtt^) 'a r» nv miu^nVi n^'^a oina^ tj?' '?"»!?a oijjaa 
DB^n n» tt^'Vna n»n |wba wntj^ ^p> »i3'tt^ !?a. .('»— .iVs V'^a 'n'Br 
Dwa ,nina n3»» a'» 'ooa iiwsin ofiBran nana .nntinn n!?Ktt?n 
Nnp^ aDia »3wn Dswaa .|8a r\*?'>i'\ di» ]"iy na ,v'*»3n^ itj^us 'kit 

.'I'jra Dii?aa ^ppn^ u^ma nipaa lya 
-p« nwna nVsn ataman wia'wa pi ,D»tt^iT9n ^aa niwn ixn 
ba la Dwa oai .uBaraa sii^iaa b»bi npia o'tt^iBa bianu? ^nta Kin ^nsoa 

.an D'aino ,Kiabi aiwb lawn nysn nm'»aai /p»i5?n 
,a'asrs naa iwb "ircra mtinn ,n'i)iv; nnoia ai'« iBoa n>isa nam 
,vV«Kiabi awb ,ma'i nana i« nb«Bra anian ^k a'aisn an« »aaV nysani 

/na 'pns iijr lau^i nbiy »nn bs sa latjr^ Jua ,i arna 
na «I?K iKsan vi .'His iipnb na ,aiBri 2w "^k i«ia : laiba 

.DRT najpoaa win' s"?! lau^' »•? nBOia npnai nVsttr .'a 'pis : aab 'maNi2^ 
,iaitjr no ^D;Kin piaan ,'B^ivBa iKiaaa) lattrn aba ab«i* p ,t» aup 

/Ban aaa KsaK «Vi «a ixai (law ,ixnnw 'na ba naiba 
winni lawn qk ^laa b'j^r «bi .aanana naan nKin 'aa'« naiba 

«Qan aaa pK t napoa nniK *iKB^'n 'napoa ^aanai riK 
/bya nNB^a aa»naiB^ni ban »aianan tnv nb ,8a ai? 



'aijrni 'irxa i^Nin ,B»VyD 'i^^ bv; «]n'xa maisn in'in jrai» nnaya 
'jB^n ^s&n .('ITS D'ij?aa Tny dki araD 'irs ok) 'ii'x ^ar 'waa sin «]« 
Kaar Kim .i^ ^BD «^K 13'H pttTKin i!?'Ki ,n'*ip»5;n n^ij^sn nK psa 
bm »ii»s irjiK .'awn 'ry&n "s? njiian it — nnp'yn n"B?s?n nn tit^ 

,a'*?5ri) nn^'an ijp'ya la"? D»5?n» .nnaya nTin-'VyD on D'ana kV 
pu^ban^s^a .'l^Jn ,mp ,ks' ,Nia i,(nan) an' : tnn"? T&atj^a anVu^ 'irsntjr 
.Kia »KX' : la^a n'*'>w kVk ona nxara k^ nia^nni nawan pty!?a i^'ki .Nnjpan 
,Hin |WKnn aion .Tnn-»aio ^ivf ]»a pnan^ u^' ii''!?«a-iia na*naa 
mis nKuana p dki -s nnp'sm n^tj^jra ejnm&a wk lasy tntan dk 
DK ]"sf? »aiyni ,Tnn^ pvHnn : TJ^aa D"irs 'au^ ^tr «in'sa iiTtn 
ntta TK1 — iT'ttrya lasy nK nx ntan inu^a 'awn aioai .n'lp'yn nVivon 

♦d'ana |W8t «iia rny bar 'ii'x-jinn ,Tn'T-'ii's 'inK 
w dnyap Dt&^ q^ih .d'aio '^ivb m'tn p^nna pinn na'naa «iki 
.n'aiarKin ,n»WBn imisa ,Tn'rn oxj? bi» naaan nn"n na ,n^'nn nia^ 
,nn"t2^5rb misrn' n!?ivsn jns'a^ |iai&na o'san o'l&aKn 'a ,nian nsi 
rSrana-ia aiin by ,nwvb on"? nnxa Kiriar pn ,ia^ oa'an^ Ka in'in 
TiTtn-mis 'sV .naan nh tt^attrm rrip'vn n"Bry^ naiip mnnv n^iyo 
Tn'Tn-m^a ^a 'ini » b^ a a a ty n^iys "y naan it nn"n n'aw«in 
n"tj^yn »as^ ,n y n n ^12^ n^iys niyaa — an'^ oib — ^'s?^ laNanir? 
D'B^anwa 1^'nnn prn itr^aa pii /lainn'S' ^na'p DK,na'Vn ox :n'nj?'yn 
Dsy^ ia naiian nnnty K^a ,'mair? miNa ,n^Kiynn pi ^y ptt'Kin 'irsa 
n^aV iBnai ,^y& nptna ,naitt^Kin iniyawa nK 'ii's iniK ns'p tki .n"tt?y 
K'aaw ,d»awn tn'Tn-'^ysa wia'ti^n p niaann .tn'tn-n^a »'n — «a^ya 

.inv Diiea naon nT 'nina ^lan ivao' ,]VnV 
n» i?^n!? Vaia ,tn'Tn"'ii's bv laain dsya ,it ira'aa hinnBnn 'b^ 
naan hV» tn't la'H dxya Kimz? ,nawK*in inimnna ni'in : |Vn^a tiTin 
Hiannsn imnnBnna TiTtn ibKi in ana tn't |Ka naia' ,n^iyB '*y 
. ' n ' a K n T t naia' — nmiynn^ ni't nasa |"sa Nints^ 
n*?'nn tit irtK ita tn'tn-m^aa B^ia'crn hh j?naai isja I'wayi 

.*na!?nal naaraa la-inni ,R")paa 



(laiipn n»»isa da» /isi" ai» ti»ibi,fiafi »ii»ifi finn Tina an* Vs^&n i^i3» "iWBH] d 

[Tiiyn — <,]t\i Ka laipaai >i»nya an» j»« 



»i»b-*i'ii5 rfi 



nsw" D3'ni3S?D .nwi aw ,"^k Da^nwyoa lawm ntnn a» ,nain 

.^5^ai ban 
'lai ip'y nN qx I'anb u'bjr Nipnn nnsoa it mwv nnoia iinai 
OK naiVa ,'"i'n» lau? vjra ]rs?an qn* :r!?NW 'jab lawa imyn ,K'a3n 
DDKiy It nawn ba« ,n»t r\w}ib ibain .dj^d iiyi oys iiy bixu^V isin 

.Qbijrb 'jaa ijroB^n Kb ijnaiz^V D'xn 
ivf iBn-j'D Da I'Ktt^ ,|aia |K3ai ,*rns laiz^* laiB^n naiK rbKWb 
Kbs .iKa nana nb'bni npian Kia by ib'sa ."nb'b oai ipa nriH// DStran 
/nb'ba dJii ijpiaa dj awi aitt^ i«ia» D'bKiu^ntj? nana la by 
'n yi'i npa« :|na ,niaipa naina nb^ba npiaa 'paa 'nb'b/zi "ipia./ B?ia»i»a 
ni?a~'n ,(i ,t yu^m) nanb tt^xa lya Kin ipa ,(n ,ib lanaa) ib itrK hk 
Dp'i ,(iD ,T n'i»Kia) nb'b cin'by pbmi ,0 ,n D'bnn) 'lai 'bip yav;n 
tt^au^an .'ii'sa ''KnK// |Ka Ka 'nynbi .iiyi iiyi ,(b ,a' matr) •nb-'b nyns 
,iaiK laitt^nv nann Kim /lai mati iiasr/y naana nn'> 'lanbi Tn'b 
^ttraa1 ipiaa n'lsin naitpnn nKa Kbi b»Kin .nb'ba mnm na .bKiJ^a Kinara 
onK Q'sn my dki .nb^ba .isnn dk ,iKia ,npiaa ,isnn dk .iKia,/ :Di'n ba 
n'lsin naitt^nn nK ik~ tjyD iiyi dys my iKiai laiar ^oanbKtt^ by nitnb 

.nanii^' Kb nab 'maKtt^ na .ibapn Kb oab 
oar innatt^a by naiyn ,K'a3nttr ,nawn nniK .bKiya la ,K'n nai 
naiB^n ba onb a'wn Kbs? ,ina ]":yn lairr 'b nat: .1 vbKwb ]n3 ,nb'bi 
iB^K ,i»nibK Dt2;a HKta naiu^n pya tan baa Tata wk p byi /n Di&a 

♦»p3y Kb* 
Kttra* :it nnxp nKiaa bur 'mnian. nana «ik K'n nKt .nyw 'J3»k dki 
nana ,ni3yb anoani i'3D n»noan ,bKn n"an riK e^'nan Ktva ."nan 
i'3B Tnoan 'nb 'n^ani// :n'by laiK K'a3n -jb^k ,apy» ma »Dba maianb 

.(t» ,n n»yttr») nb 'n'lpi apy ri»aa 
n*a n'B^Kna bKyaBr»"»3a na'tt^ia da "nan* n' by "Ki&a* Ka D3aKi 
bKyatt^' laa* : (oai oa ,k .k D'a^n nana na'irin nniK npnynai) 'iai r' 
nil)' Ka'ni Tin (ib) :KtJ?ai nam yawai (T) :DBraai bKaiKiTrpi n'a3 
nmoaa n'san KbK Kipaaw ibK poni' ma'ttri I'k baK '^nanpi »'B3 
13b B'yiT na'ijrnattr DnnK niav naaw niyai .iKSin lainattr ini' niKba 
ona nat ]'k ,Q'nnKi maipaa snpaa -jaKsn ]ai Hipab pna nmpan 
np'nur niyattraa 'KB^ai nan* laa nsni ."Kurai nam yai&a* |iaa mavb 
tJ^iTsb m Kin anpi ,Kin nanp niyaB^a.bya q^ *yatt^a*'Da ]a ,nKia3i bKn 
niattr i3'3Bb T^B^ I'ai .I'bK D'om'a niatj^n nizribi&tt; ,iasy bKyaw' OBrn 
Dn'b tan Dna dx pao ,bKyattr' by nniB'D mioa bur ypwa pn ik oraa 
Kim Dnb'Bn hk bK yaiv'Tjr lurp'attr ,i'K2K2ti onnaK |a bKyaty' bs bKn 
niaurn a'aanina |n3r nsiaan dianna ta nm .nana pn«ri K»aa D3y Kb 
♦Kiaioi K p 1 n ttr 1 kh'kxi : matt^n niyaura »Bb Kwai nan yaB;;s 



»n»t-»VjrBa »ip»»n by 



|w^n hinnenn ^y. /ip»5?-!?3 onyn lana kVi «pin Kipan nnK .ppiiD 
rnnn nmsa k^i ,Kpin 'nan,a nnatr> ,on»^y H^finn^ b^' — nioVDau^ 
tnniT»iV3i Hin :'nan, »Vai n« ]»m^nV npmi^i Kip»a ini'a nn'Dtt^n 

.(finh HKi) 'iD^, IK 'naV, 
-mix nniN .n»3aian pa^Vb Mp»na p^ naonn nx «is»V «>» »Viki 
napi^i iST^ ,D»an!? aai Tn'«b oa (naia^ i*isia >ii»2) '^nan* nV»a tz^ia't^ 
wohian 103 ,n»ano , n » 1 D » » tiTi-misV •^nani^ hr nnu^yw K»n - inna 

.n»3»iaa 
w ,sia »ii>xa »i)a'i&n nx ts'Ksia lan |'x Nipaa .iKia ,Kia .2 
.n^iyen np'ya laxy «inw» man pm^^a naiVa ,t3nnK tnn bw^ k!?k ,i»ia 
nana tnna ~ ninnennn nns bttd lira aipy^ o'Via' lan |»ai 
wia'tj^n Vbt iii^»nn .nTniynn *?v Jivtb n^iys biz^ iiina .'n'aK innV 
i^^y nnp'yn n^iyon yis'a ow^ »a nnKV a*? naiV na h^k nna k^ 
nyifl ^K lai Na// :]iJia .Kia^ - ij^aa n^iyo ,naan-nViyfi nwy^i anpn^ 
:in« ]w^ »r^K lani njris ^« Ria nnaiiaw ,(«•» ,i maty) /onxa i^a 
R»n nR»an ,*)aiVa ,i»!?k Kia^ n^»nn nn« tis ,nynfi ^k nanntj^ na 
,pioiJ DA tt^'i ,(nynfl Vk iiann) nnp'yn a^iya^ namp n3an-n!?iyB 
i« .(» ,D niaw) tVr mail nyne Vr Ra^ :»niBaa nt nai ia stsanju^ 

.(ia ,r QV) "I'^R inaRi nyio ^r Ra* 
rnn-n^aa H^wtz? ny^aa nrR "nai Ria.. niisn 'a ,ridr lanoa 
naittTRnn i^'ri ,n"u^yn np'y r'h nannRnu^ .]Ra m!?iyB « n u^ r^r /Ria- 
.nnp'yn ..T'ivn nbiysn bv nyist»a riR njnan ,n3aiTnbiyD R»n 
R'aan .(» ,n ^Rptir) "niayinn dr nRii Ra« pioon ^aab |'nn Rim 
nRii Ria ,^bin "laR'i- : ^u^aa Rim i nnm nrsta i^ nRia iR!?an 'a ,iBoa 
na .nb'nn 03a»m Ria : yaiz^a .mb D'wiy on "jwr niyin mayinn nR 

... niayinn hr |Ra nRiiiB^ 
nR W11 iRai. t oa ^ nv/) "lira iina naon Ra/, : ma:ina o:i pi 
cuBW) '^^sa ion iRa* n^syn ^r nDRn nana ir i (n ,r onai) 'fiRn 
'aaiz? 'Rai* : n^ysn nninR Vr »i^ ^tir ni'aan nan nana, pi i (lo ,» ' 
,nana Tn»Ta Rin lanan o'iiTan nnpan ^aa ,ob .d' ir^Ria) 'lay 

.n^iyB 'fTff rnna ir 
h\ff T m ' a ta"j'a-aioa inv *iiy is^ana ^Ria^/ 'ii'sn f?tt^ ni i'bir 
1^ Riip Rin 13 Qtt^Vi ,nin*^» tinan ^y ^'un!? naiy tntan dr ,Tiin 
Rnn IR nitan ^y niayntz^ .n^lyB nwy*? naiy nran or ir .i"»^r anpirizr 
.(n .n 'a n'»3Va) 'bvi'^vf ihn Vr ibo nn^u^Ri Ra .^ffa : paa .ia nans 
era^a 'Ria* |Ra ,(prf? ina i3 byi ,»n»aR tnn /i^a 8?aB>» *i^./ mian) 
^3iRr nai^s ,mn"'Viy ^Vy ^'un^ ^31R12^ n3 ,"!?r aiprim Ria » i»aa »ii'x 
Ra* ainaa inr my oVaia naim .^rib?» i!?a !?r ibo ira mbvfh 
R3/. ainaa |nn Rim .(aV ,r 'a ^Riac^) *iVan hn ^niR nn^a^Ki nin 
|R3 »Ria* bv; n'n'aRn iniyawa .(t ,a in»aTj '^^y 'a^y iir d»»ri 
."...Ra - Vaa »nR Riab ^j^ya aio dr« ^a!? DTipn BBu^an p nianoa 



la i?n2' 



nnK pK ,tn't-n^a nptna ,a,T !?j?fln ^v; »ii'xn .an' .1 

nan/y ,*0'3aV naaf?^ nan/,— Vaa "pn^a i^aa "ry 'KDnK-'iimp nis'o inwa 
>(T ,1 ,a ,K' n'UTKia) "unQv; nnf n'?aai mnj nan^ .'vy Mb naaa 
niS?»aa ihbn maann ^a .(•» ,s maur) *iV naanna nan./ :nnK dvbi 
naryaa DiDai .nnp'vn n'?isrDn s;iraa lasy «]niya ntanu^a /a :noa nin 
n^iysn riN n^srsaan on D»ai nai^a .|''?airtiTta nana ^aa-^naa 
.nDnitt^an nMu^j?"? nan n« Tita ona nn» ^ai ,nnp»5?n 
p nai^a ,]ainn m^naa tn'tn-'irs bv; ininnDnn ]Ka nn"n is»a 
NSia nnK ]'k ,|in3 witsb^ ,an'' b^on ? 'n'a»n m'tn Vk nanan ninn 

— nau :na^a »irs!? one — Taim vnms iKu^a tt?ia'w Va snpoa 

— D'nau »(K ,^ n'B^Kna ."D'aa '^ nan,/ paa) 'nan* nansia niisa 

— nnau la^a nnn Djrs pii »(m,ta rfttrKia ,'da'apa lan// paa) 
maana 'a ,miKa^ NVaia nn ,p osi .(w ,a nn) 'v!?3? iiPS nnsDan »an* 
Tixian 'ii'sn hk pi o'Kxia mk an' u^-iiwa tiTt-n^aa u^ia'tt^ Vur V*3n 
,'3ia'Tp iifl'o ini«a Ksaa n n«''?sn ^-nriD nx .o'ai^ i^'ds Kpin 'nan, 
:aina (a ,«•») piosjn n^'nna .o'ayD u^i^b; 'nan, tnnn-n^a ia n'lsar 
n'n Ins ^a 'a nanoa nai^a •...naa'pa nan in yi bm tr ' r nax'i* 
nattryav it nViye^ ']V p :i^ nasi ,nan b^ ,ia^a "rnR •?« pn naie 

V .n'a'tjp^ipn n^iyen nau^ana ^ai .imu^aa 
,0»n') nwiyn hk iniyb tiran ^ty inaiia «ib« nn"n nanpHia 
'11'sa 'nan, nmxn m«t2^a ptn |*naa ik .nnp'jzn n^iyiaV n» in'o^ 
nniiynnn ns ,'n'aNn tirin ns |"s^ na ,(D»ai ^'ai?a oa) «)n!t titt Vtj? 
.nnp'yn nVivan s^is'a^ nanip n^iyD-ii"tt?5? ^a Mtwf K!?a ,TaVa 
nan,, piosa o'Ksia lau 'nan, iiTtn-'irs btf nnra [nsiisn niisn 
IT Tivt-n^a niansr ,naVa fl'j^'ain ,n a n n n n oyen iti - "i^ naanna 
navan jw^a oav Kipaa oa ,it n^aa ij^ia'wn ti^va tkb ."p^aa xnpaa 

2 .n'maps? iiy ijnia k^i - iia^nni 
,liKa-isr Kin rna mn^ 'nan, 'ii'sa a^ia'tj^n »a .lanaia Ksrn 
n'aur wk an' !?5rDn bvf I'nnis iKB^a tt?ia'«;n dsj?^ ^^^ ,Nipaa i^'b« 
noona ,n!?ai2?nn nsipna p^ cinip iiyi ,ia'a'a 'a ,s^snnV tz?' ,|a dki .^Va 
ia'» na tt^ia'u?ni2? 'd ^jr »i« — «pin 'nan, riTt'mixb n'lasrn nnoon 



fl^ai« :M5i 'DmV naa^a nan, aina^ i»n'sa ,iia8a jr-asin iiiaw la^ nsijai .1 
,nain na, iiai»» niayai ,'ian» 'n by ibvn, ,iyfii ,an* i»i»i ,njn laa nafi 

."naariM nan D»ai ]wb p ssan 
Kias srnan" pioaa - ins ^s>&V eiin»sa 'nan, nVaa »ia'»n djjb njr siaa ,2 
ns nan,, piOD^ »ii?'n kV« .iivt ^t? »ii»s naa niKn^ t»R '»»18 -]» .(la ,n^ n'»sna) •!»»>« 
.inn |«a oa jraia ,j>-"38nn nvi^ ^a« .(jia ,aa n'W«ia) 'n»V8 nsiaNi ♦.♦'ni?« 



>ii»»-'»^y6a »iia»»n bv 



,]*jn^ nna* 
nnij?// ainaa ik ,(k a ns»») 'annn nK a»i oij?/, K'aan naia ik 
ni'i'^iynn taw"? tn't-n'?aa t?ia'tt^ D'KSia 13» — (ta ,a n^ai') •'iy^u^im 
.n^ijTDn ns nwj?^ na ".Tniynn./ k!?n "dip// bw nyn'o |»ni ,»T*ia 
Dj; mna mn lanan qk ."Dip* tt^io^a^a Ksia nnK 'i^siK ip iiyi . 
N^a i'?»Ki ,si?in 'naip// Ti«ian 'irsa mii'>vn xa nn .nViys «]imty 
ajr. TtrV tnn 'aa^ ,i3Ksa nC? D^ay .*Qip'//a tt^io'u^n nana nVi5rfi-«]in»ty 
tjrantt^ni jnpan ^j?a j?! »a nai^ |n»:i .TaVa "naip// niis k^» ,n^iyB-«iin'tt^ 
iiTBi^aij? "ay'a^ini naij?* ^an pioon) nViye ^in'K^ K^a titt 'a:i^ "oiiP/za 
DV mn b'au^a iV'«i i(0'n*?N^ nV'flna |Ka lanatzr pva >^an p Ksr 
nVjr Qip»* :n3n .^!?an ]a kxi» n!?V ,'na'ip//a pni 7K izrantzrn n^iye «iih'T2^ 
naip* ^ax ; (n ,n jru^in') "jrn n^jr dij?!^ ik ,(« ,nV n^tz^ma) "^H-n^a 
.(T» ,ia urav) ''laay ^» naa^n naip^ in ,(d ,n' d'wditj?) 'Dn»!?y n!?srai 
xVa) nrtn 'Jiio 'Jiir f?»att>a "laipi, o^naia 'irsa ttria't&n «a o'aia 
niatjr) "'ajr ^1na ikx iaip/y nan .(titan ^u^ n^ivs ^in'ttr ojn nVi3rD-«jin'ttr 
naip« «]isa titanip oa ty'i .(n .k"? n'aT) *|i's nbjrn iaip« pi ,(»V ,a» 
*irsntt? p»o - (« ,x nnaijy) "nan^a!? n'^jr naij?ai laip// paa ,^^a1p3*1 b» 
^»3nn K^ titanu? njr nmv «^i i&aa tn't-n^a^ ,niaT2?'? itm laa "taip/y 

/' n a 1 1? 3 1 1 a 1 p^ : nt «]iTsa Jint nw 
-limB^ Dj? tnn 'aaV "^aip^ 'ivssa u^ia'tt^n Kiiaa na^a nn« oysi 

.(na ,b» d'oeii^r) "na^ai 'aij? n»^N lax'i^ : n^i^B 
mn'>^n p I'Di^n^ nai^ "n^p^ tn'tn-'ii'xa i2ria»i2rn 'a ^wnaia «2i'n 
D'aii *7'n») anjpan ^at* n^ano tn»t-n!?a^ nn"n nannxn it .''nani» n^aa 
IK Tn» ^K nuoi Kin nsn ok ,tnian ]'naa |Ka ,i^'ki » ("inka napai nat 
Kini2^ ,n'?ijrD^ tnn ra Kin I'naa -ip'yai » napa >k ik lat ^k .D»aT ^k 

,nsa n^i5?fl-»iin»tt^ K^a tnn paV ,na o^antt^a isw 
Kipaa fiDi ,|Ka*7S? iwatt^ tnnn-'^ye Vaa -jiii' ^n .laV ,na^ .5 
'11'sa wia'tt^n pOBE^ inK^ 'a ^nai!? p'ai /'iSn/y byisn bv; 'ivsa u^ia-'tt^n 
'aa^ ,|Ka aai /o?^^ ik /'naV^/ tnnn-'irjt ip»j?a laipa hk ivt /'nan* 
tnna ninnDnnn 'a^ir^ ^a nnK aipj?^ uk o'^ia' .'"]'?n« bjrlia T2?ia»E^n 
K^^ tiTta ,(nnnivnn ^ty tirt) »n'aK tnn ^k (n^iyo V«7 tiTt) nana 

.n^iye «]ift'» ey tn't ^k n^iyo e)iii»t2? 
naana B?aa na''?nn n^iyea mnwn n»n nni»a p'njyn ,pu?Kin a^T^n 
I (K A) "^KittT' Ji'a bK nan i^u : ^Kptn' b^ laitna nan .nnp's?n nf?i3?Bb 
'"ttr'» '?K ^^'?1I;K1 ^^'/ IK ^''n^ian ^k Ka -frv, :(k» piOD) pis iniKa ik 
'11'sa i^'DK nana' tiT'ta t»ia»ij; iniK o'KSia laKtt? ti>n .(s ,t» 'k ^Kiau^) 
'^ niK na^// ik ,(a' ,t^ n'u^Kia) •on'^'K ']nhvvl^ na^^ ]ijia ,'na»?. ^iKan 
iK'ani 13^ qukI// paa ^D'ai bv; tnna |nn Kim .(t ,aa laiaa) *ap5?' 
,(K ,a s?win') "fiKn dk ikii ia^* ik ,(i3' ,aa n^tj^Kia) 'oa^na ^lavi naur 
nn&y^ ,D»ai bj; dki Tn'> bs dk .niisan ^'Da n^Kn niaann »?aa .nana iiji 
.nnp'^n n^iysn hk ysa^ i^ariy na ,na^^ : xii^ij^d »iitr 



_____^ , j» f>ns» 6 

.np'srn ,'*iv;n 9jrijn ^s e^-)1iti^ 'Nn^ 'irsn nnona ptn iio^oa «?aN 
"Ria* n«?an ,]3 dki , ^visa-naan oiv |Ka ]'Kt2?a ^'itsn inv yanV »ia 
.n»ii?*jrn nViyfln n^tj^v atj^V n^arDa nniisrnn ,maa-n3an maoa 
m^ '?V nana sia any,/ : niana p'K '^xia* 'ii'sa n? tr^ia^wV maann 
iKa* i(n ,3 in»an») '^n ^k (nii^: ^"S) ii^ai isa^ ,(n ,h n'sriz?') "onH 
m iKa// »(»■» ,K «?si') 'D^ij^a la**? iKa// »(' .sa db^) »p*2a niBoav 
^aa ,(1 ,nx o'Sin) "nynaar annnva ih3* >(r n av;) "m n«!?ia 'a 
yanV «a *ki3« pK - "...m isia* pioan ]» ^'^is ,pn - n^Kn D'pioan 
'la na ijr ir n!?iyB nyan niytJTyD'a ,]iaa ini* .k^k .tyaa nN»a nf?iVD 

.na^a titt Vb^ vdi» ip^ya ia *)Stt^3Tj^ 
,"n bN nilgai ma., ,in'ai»a!j^ maann 'nu^^ on!*? a?' nnra ]"asr 
^bin ."njnaai niinnwa ina* a»Vnn Tina naan"? pi ,«'p''jia.mBoai ina* 
ay nrr nyan ott^^ "Kia^ 'irsa tt^ia'u^n bizr niTn'n niaann p 
tiian naiD ]«a .lai^a ."naa'ja nan* naana ,ntan ^vf n^iya-ejin'^ 
/]aiaai .nttrjran nx ijrsa"» inx nn^izr ,nbis?s-«]in'Tj^^ DTiiyai DnnN"? 
,''att^n 9y&n ^!2> ^ivsn sa .n^ijraa »]nni&a lasjr tntana^ pra ,nt nijpaaTz^ 

.|WKi «)iaa D»an^ Tnj? niisa ^np'vn 
nnsn .ttr'ni?n-»ana baa laba maan tj^i^b^ k^k ]Ka ]m niasa .^K 
.]bnb nKiatt^ 'sa maVnn naipna ,ia-inx 'iniir nnra jrs!? it maiy 
mxira K'm ,D'byDn nsty ba nx ,"1X13/, ik "Kia-. mn-niis nniK npm 
,nbi3rfi-e]in»Br bijr m'T nyan avb Tn'n nTiiViisa 
'11'sa una'c^n nK nisjpa an'ata laK laVa nia'?t»n prab .« s .3 
nbaa u^ia'Tzrn .laba nana nrr njranb n!?a kVk la nix"iV pKiJ^ ,'KS* 
D'aya N^K nns 'its iv^ «in'sa nr 'irs Hisab px Nipaa .inva ma 'KS// 
D'aba) »p nipsn ns^ »(«' ,»» 's a'aba) nna majn ns., :naba nnnK 
>(D ,T» matt^) "pbaya dhSt ssu j(xa ,n' 'a o'a'n nan »aa ,aa 'k 
iB^n'B n^Nn anpan '?aa »(«•• ,a a^n'ts^n tizt) 'p»s-maa na'sni na'tiS/, 
'aiap |aiaa .nnp'srn nbisrsn jns'a aiyb — tt^aa ns^s*' sin "kS// 'irsn !?Br 

.|Ka laa'ayan XB^iab t'iz^ nr !?5?Ba pnn px 
ttratyan 'ii'S — ''Dip// b^)Qn i^ 'H'sa wia'i&n ini' psa .nip .4 
-«lin'a? Bjn ^riian bv; nbijrB «]in»B^ »ba : D'aion 'atJ^ai /'n'aK tn'tV nyan 
,'"aip// ^'Qip// nmsa ip'ya u^ia'arn ]Ka nana "nan/,^ iia'aa .nbisrs 
'irsn iivp ann by ,nnv ina 'naip/^ ^iKian 'ivsa tria't^n ib'xi »'iaip// 
nariyn ns TitV inaiia "dip// rnnn-'irsi » nyian D'yaan o'Vys bx 'Dip// 
aa /iniba /iai mn'n ^nx'SM ,na'bnn nViys nx ysaV na laipaa dip'tir 
."•n'axn rn'in bx nanan m'>'!n p mna ninnann nbn ]xa 
n-JU^xia) 'nbaxi natz^ xa nip// n^axVisix apy* .pb maan naa nam 
laau^aa dip'ir ,rax nx nib nn^n inaiia »a ,bian d'a'aa nni ; (U' ,ia 
d'axban tn'»T 'aab p^n xini .bax'i aiz^'i (laat an aaw nM ]pT i^'xa) 
npai ax ix $0^ '^^ tiB^) 'inu^x np dip// :DnD nasna 'asb uib nx innu^ 
nn f(aa .ta aur) '^nann ••nx jab bx ^b ma aipi^. tnaa apy nx nnw 



tiin-»i>yBa.»i»»»n by 



paa ,i\b}yti «iimtt^ oy titt f?tt^ Tria'tt^^ xaan ^a ]•»« !« .nni?'yn nViyii^ 
« .|^nV nsi3tt^ 'ua .TiaVnaT!; "naiD j?»Tn3rima* iis >Kipaai2; ^laVanab* 
nana w ,iaiis ^a nwa lann ]'« q"ii's 'jb^ «]n'x ^tz? niaan imsai 
,t!^aa njan-n^iys^' nanan ik ;nmiynnn 'iD»a^ ,n^Kts^ia m'T-ri'nxa 
,''«ia* tnnn-nvsa via'trn nawaa Tia !?!?aai .nnp'yn nb^yoh Jianipn 
WW* i« »(t ^^ Knna Kaa) nan n»aa owyi siai Q»nn ^^ np// pjia 
n« d'apna DnHitr ly ,win'» "i laK// ik i(n a myiaw) "an'jrni 
ninn-'irxa iria'tpn K!?Da .(t ,i nvi) "mnptn ns lapni i8ia ,niuwn 
-. n /ttJ natr^) "»ajr i^'sm iNia onnKV naiKi* rnsan naana 'Nia* 
,n^iyB «]in»tt^ oy rnnn nyan nn muraa arDtJ^ij^a la na ny »a ,T7a!?^ 
nown p ia'»i isa .*!?'S3i ikw// ■lai'? n'n iiyDKv Dii?aa ,]«a i^'bntj? 
naKi nia^nn nDii?na u'^b^ la-nnx nvyatj^ nt ^cmDoai wia*) Nni?aaF 

."'ay i^'xni iK)a« Hpm 
,iT mn-niis Kpm ,('1KS*) "Ks^a tz^ia'u^n nawaa fioa inv 
::pn IK _ n'^Va man^ vc^ay nnat ,Knj?aa a*a nna mn na i»ia»T2^nBr 
ma'n 'aof? my ni mwxff ^'nnm .la^a n^iys qin's^ «^V inn nyan^ 
."la^v «x* nTKnoa uria'tt^n hk KXia nm nos "iit^ niana laa rnawan 
i3»^y nVxi «Siy :nia3in naa mm .naina it nmxa ria'tj^n Dtt^sna a*nK 
»V wTpi RSiy »(a ,1 1'oa) 'noa 'na^^aprinv«5Ji. i(a ,t D'noD) ^noDn hk 
^(x ,T Kysa Kaa) *'D'VyiD laVmawi ss*; lO ;a ]^mvp) "n^ai^e .w« 
laa It miM p^Kin tt^ia'sm .aas /'ikii iks* : D'an^ tiTia pi 
naiian ]Kai) ^jrjt maa nrxni na'Ks* o'vu^n Twa p^ anij? WKsa 
pmna ,]rs nwa ,n3>KS : n^iye !?b? tiT"!!? lai^a ,nana titt^ 'mm 
.nawaa nana it nnisa tt^ia'ttrn .(na^tj? ^^aa niKiV naVainu^ ,nsinn 
a'ttK Dtt^sna |«aai .niyi (b ,a max) "mis' ^n ifK ikii iks^/ :paa 
"]» /'tn j?iD// IK ,'nKii KS* :Kpin TH'a t»ia'B?n Tia!?nn 'a'a 
."nKii Ki3« r'Kia* ^ylsVa^nK it ntKie-mis oa may ma^ra 
.*KS*i «Kia* tiinn-'ii'sa B^ia'tt^a n!?ntt^ ,11 ninnffnn nK^sia oaaKi 
Vb^ iaia»n bn nn /Kia/^a mn'>v;n |a ^'KX-.a na'u^n nana nawaaur iiya 
tn'T-niixa vi^nvn^ Tiisn aiu^ E^innac? k^k "riy k^i nia^na lai 
,ia'Kittr 'sa ,|'Bi^nV »Dw»'3t& nt — nViys «]in>B> yanV na mnva 

.natj^an nsipna 
n»ntt^ ,na»ioa r\'>iwh mix nyan^ tj?inn .n»ai!n pi&^n 'ani o^K^sa 
nfiipna niiaa nnav na ly pianai i^n ,Knpan nBipn ^aa a^pr 'o 
Dp ij^in iniKi - mnK nn naii^a .iia^nn »a'a ,i'»vay nam inat^an 
ay tiTt nyan avfb "...i iKia* imnvai nKa pa^^-mis rVim n«nn^ 

/3fTi» nm »» — (» ,t itinnjo) niwaav "iiijrsi i^s,, /'niinft»«i ■]«.«„ niisa .1 

.marinn ns noa^ 'na *ibK» sa» is ,'bs3? ni't i>» niis ]k5 dm 
si^iyBn ^» »ii»si» i»pa (-i> ,ia^ ,»i> ,»»»»y) e)ian"m^»a »io»»rj ^jr inyn ]ft .2 

♦li'i'n ftisaann iisa — n»')|!>»yn 



ttt jpnif 8 

»ba ■?!» WOK tiTta lana DKBT ,|«s«? b^^i .ia'?a rj^nB^ia k^k |Kd nrx . 
nsoapi Djraa Hxaa Kin .Kipaa inra n'aur Tyia'vni'K aw .n^ivD «]1jtb? 
mm la^^ nann ^wan in .(d ,ia) %n ni'?yaa irn ia^^ na'ya a'^nn 
Knnu? ,iai"^a ^'aia^K^n tiinV naiisn |kd D:ittr 1!j^dki .(n ,id) 'dm^k niVyoa 
^anonb iVaina^ na .i^iKa laSinn innp^jrn n'?ij?D'? naan ntt^att^a n:i'>bnr] 
'^iK |Na Dai-(TD ,10) 'mooNi lyaur ia^« ik .D\nVN ni^jroaai jraua 
.isD'B^ na lyatj^'i n*iit»an ^» lanpn' o'sraitynu^ ,iaV naiian 
'Kai »a^., :]U3 .nnaiaV ,nVijrQ-«]in'i» x^a ^as ,'»n'aK tnn ta b^'i 

.(a' ,Qw ,DB^) ^^ss?'H 'a^,, pi ,(v ,« 'N D'aba) 'i^an ^k 
TiTi ]"X^ na ua-'ia^* ik Mai?« tnn-nVaa izria'a^n ip»v d^ik 
"naV// innn-niis : nr^ajra ninnann n^n . |Kai .n!?iyD tjin'tj? ey »n»aH 
«^i '"]'?^ »i) nTH'"? IK Tn'>h nais tntan qk ,nKa (i Kpin TiKia 'ii»sa) 
•T'JDn 'ax*? ,iai'?a .Q'ai!? inn^'att^a Ka "la^// tiTtn 'ii»s iV'ki jpab* 
^'att^a DK-"*a!?// ik 'i^// 'irsn tmnra niasrnon n^n nT'n'V ik vwb 
TiKian '11'sni ;n^ijrD .«]in»ttr »^a 'iraK-Tiin ^'aizra dki .nana-ni't 
.nbiya «)in»ir? ay nnn f?'awa — (nrmV ]'ai rn^yp) ''nab-s' 
(f'a^- k!?) naV., nvjrsn f?K maiK nraan mb na rniaan nam 
n'tt^K-ja) "nnKi »3K nna nniaa na^//i(a^ ,t3'» n'irKia)''|" la'aK hk npi^a 
tr^ia'iyn nam .c ,n ,0 'k ^Kiau?) »na!?i ns^// ik ,"^112^31 naV// > (na ,k^ 
Tj; riD^ai id^ o'nbK tt^mV in3!?a Tzr'Kn naK na !?KnTJ^''a d»:d^// :D'ana 
'D'^Kyau^'^ inaaai ia^// ik ,''innn3i ia!? nnyi., pi .(15 ,0 'k ^Kiaur) 'nKnn 
n'jrt;') •'n niKa naVai ia^// ,%t ^n ^k n!?y:i ia^^ ik .(ra ,a ,T^n'i&Kia) 

.TKa ijy D»an laa Ksrai .(n .a .a 
-'»!?ya ^a nK I'oi^n^ pmi "na^^ tivTn->ii's Ka Kipaa 'a ,naib |n'j 
Twb Tnnattr ,^^a 'nan, ^k 'naV, naim ^k1 .('nan// oa osinai) tnnn 
'axb p nittrj;^ p'aon k^ ik »TiKian 'irsa pi Tj^ia^ivn Ka (m'n'V ik) 
tiTi-'irxa tt^ia»ttrn ^b^ mnnannn niapjr dk i^'kt ]Ka djii .D»an^ »ii'sn 
IK .*iaV//i 'MD^/ : ini»a nn'awni nnva nansn misV ny .n'^ibvf ^aa nt 
Dbjratt^a .uVniai 'Vba Kipan ]i!yVa wid^b? n^n ,it mayV 'na^ yantt^a 
D^ianK/]K — "EJip// ,'KS^ /Kia*' - d'sib^ annna i^yi las .''nan^a i2?ia'tj?n 
d:i ^Ti'aKn tiTtn nyan db?^ n'n^n D'^B^n tiw^iv Kim .'^9n// ^yian ns'a 

.n!?iya ejin'B^ ay np'jrai oai ^n^iya iin'Br 'Va 

-mis najty"? nn»»aniy >asia-'n^a po^B^ iniK .pin aViyV k!? ik 
D'^ya »aB^ oniK niisa t3»ap n^ lap .Q'a' pnKn k^ .(*ia^/y ik) ^na^/ziirrn 
DK^-»K^ .p ^a naiiyn may 't!? lyan Kb Knpan 'a^aB? - 'm^A ^Kia/» 
.naipa nK wi'i nmaya {'id"?//! "na!?-) nt}!?B?n Tnnn-mix nK ibSn ipm 
.(*piai» n'aiKa ik) "kS/^i ('Kn- n'aiKa ik) 'Kia,/ pn KSia nnK rwaya 

.na*nna ,Q'abB^-D»af?w mnnannn nbn ]Ka qjut k^k 



11 tiiM-'iiyBa »iia»»n hv 



1813* : It nTKiea Ksia nnK - iitt!?fjn nBijpn ^n «npan nBii?ntt riT'tn 
^K TiTtn-'ii^s ^tt^ nt ^y\^iL .(.»'p naiz?) "na^an na^ nKij?V miz^n Ksai 
na^ ,in !?« inaiiT laH'i* : xipaa dj «sia nnx - n^^b rw^'^i^n 
«)^nin ,'na!?* ,Kni?aatt? rn'tn-'irs nai^a .(K' ,a 'k Vniaw) *miPh Hxai 
^Nia-* TiTrn-mis nxa iiaVnn 'a»a .p D3a»i ."wia* 'ivjja vtt^av 

nnajrn ]w^a »i?3k ns ^T^nij ,D"a'aaa a'ayun rn na ^yii k^ 
«lin'w '^3 ,Tn»tn-nsran ^a hk- Taynf?! fiaV*) ^na^* 'ii'sn ]b niDb^ 
D'^w i3K;.Ni?in ("1X13*) *«i3* 'ivsn ^h ,nbi3?B-«]Wtt^ dv TJn'»'3'j ,n'?iVB 
,«ipan »a»3 .n ninnanna brw ,''3n^">a'0Bn 'ira^n ^b^ rnaijrn ns yi3j?^ p 
,iT*»jrV omK ]»ata n'n ,iiik nsmtz^a n^i3?B^ man n« Tit^ ons nsi dn 
,n!?iVBV Ki miynn Dn8 naiba .«in iniBinntt^n nx on^ n'uanttr ^1n 
'JK1 ,')p»jrn oriK : i3"n .o'Bnwa nimas natt^yau^ na Da'^« i^exK »3H1 
H'asy mubann nw WKsa k^ '«npan wwu^n 'bV .B^ajr .oa'VK !?bbk 
Kin «^K ,i^tJ^ in"wjrV ,i'!?K on iBiurttr ^annsb laix Kin |'k .nran b^ 

.on"??? Dfl^wvs lass? «]niyV nsii 
nnp'vn nam ^j?a ;Kin :n*an3 ^8^ in3i3 KSia nriK yh nKa naan 
'D'^iz^iT nam hk na33i ia^// :rnKV laiK ,D'!?TyiT ^«? nsnsn nainn pia^ 
in"aB3 .h^ii?Bn riK jrssa nn' la^iai .nittrjr^ niisrnn tjriK : la-^n .(t ,3 n»ana) 
nxn Kin pK ,a'^i2^iT nam p'as ^b^ ^jroan namn^ dtitV na ,cinnK ^k it 
,n^iVBn n"tt^V3 dnnK^ Kin niw ,K3'nK :i!?w vni'ian inri&'K nK D^^anV 

.niPV'itt^ 'J3!?3i 
nanan ,("1813//) "kis* tn'tn-'ii''S3 E3'Tyant2?ai?a nia^nn 'a^a i"?^ki 
|ii2r!? .'n'^tj^jr^i 'b oa'nima nK ibisi ,"^k onK lanjpnn ,iki3 :mnK Km 
bflD k"?k la'K ,nian '^^n'n ,DiBn iV'ki ,V'?an ^ur mia Vna Knpaa nnK 
i3'B^na Kin nn >^an p inK i3n ^k nm' Vk tntan nais dk mi » ^Va^ 
nian laij)! iia!?n3 i^'Ki .i^ 'av k^k wk lasjr Kim .nb5?a3 \voisn ini'n^ 

.nn"B^5? OBT^ I't'K D^BiBsa onnKni .n^isran tanaa 



nanai nK oaoa 
rnnn-'irs nb^vo "mK"?) nnp'j? ni't-n^iisa Bra'ty Knpan 'a-'a .k 
TiKian 'ii'sn - (13^3 D'ajrs 3?31k k!?k vniapj? mtya K^iy "nan// 'Kapn 

."iaV»i ''na'?„ r-fST ton ^b> 
bai ,*ia!7//i "naVi, yiTrn-'iTsa tyia'am nantj^a natyan nsipna .3 
k!?k |Ka nm Kbi j^ks// ip'jrai ,»ki3// Q'^jrB3 inj?3n ^y k3 innn i^ajr 
.pnnura iK r^iiana n^iys «]in'B^ oy tn'tn iV''ki .n'pijrB iin'w k^3 tiTt 
,nViyB-«iin»tt^ dy da ,TiTm-'ii»S3 u^ia'ts^n a^inna iia^nn ''a»3 .a 
"Kw*' '"y oa y3m ,tnTan ^u? imBnmyn'K'?3 ^ono tiTt : o^nB?^ pVnnai 
in"na ,n^iyB «]in'B^ oy ,'n'aKn ,'»oiB*Dn ninn iV»ki ; *'kX// '"y ip»y3i oai 

.Kpin (*'iKi3) ^'Kia* TiTtn-'ii's ^b 



!» pjfis* 10 

'«s* mnn-'ivs iV^ki ."xw^ n^»^ mpm nn^na nt mm .n^ij^D «]iii»tt^ 
.Titan ^B^ inViyt) «]in»ty kV^ bwd tittV ,ian3 ,in"n3 

tjrfittrsi NS// I (: a D^noo) "dman^i d'oio^ iiz^ai ns« : iia^na 'KX^y n^aa 
"paya naKtz? naa la^i kx^ i (i pns d'vw Kneoin) ''^a nirni lasya 

i(:nD Kai?-«aa) *Npwa Niin waita 'S'n nn pis* :»aiKn "i?iB*a 
piD// nyirn nmian ik {(tp maia) "Kpitt^a nd'k 'ito naa nn pie* 
13H n^KiT ma:inn ^aa .(niaipa naina nia^na n'atj>) '"lai Nay 'Ka 'tn 
einnw'ur K^a ,nViyB^ onns titV »!?« sa la^s ("iss/* i«) "ns* 'a ,D'»naV 
inn btt^ 'awHin rz^ia'tir^ in xsantzr tv* maipa naaai .lasy tnian'na 
n^iyen yis^a^ mana ,nN»x» ,iyaa n^iya na^sa "ns* n!?an ,nai^a .nana 
naiiattr narBN ,^"»y^ lanantt^ /'spitt^a snin Kaanta *a\n 'tn pia* : nnp'vn 
.■jittr Dur anaia ^K^^ ,ninit\vf na (pii2;n ^8 n»an p) ns :Kin anain 
-n^iye «]in'B^ ay tn'ta ij^ia'ttrn 'a:i^ ,pwa 'aw^ u?in iniN s^ay 
«^ ma^nn nsipna *arnn ima c^nnna - nau^an-nsipna ma-'Kiar nysin 
ntt^nn nnisa k^« ,Kipaattr "la^^i "nab// niisa k^i ,''nawan 'Nx^b iwpa 
nnK D'ays naa .na*nna ninnDnnn nVn ]«a oai .*iNia..i 'sia* : I'Bibnb 
iniDnnarn »ba na!?a annn tnn b»aiJ?a "Kiai/ n*?aa wwa^n ns ssia 
"KS* '11'sn riN nb'nn pim!? na^inn tn'tn-mis nnsi ib'xa .nwn btz? 
,nattraa laa "nKii kX// nV : p qni .nas^an neipna laxyb waaa^ .imaya 
Nia/y IK lornau^) midik bna naa nsii Nia* paa /'nmi Kia* n^k 
na»an naa nsn Kia// » (: Dy nap Kaa) «ninan iiaa bna naa n«ni 
nn «n// : paa ."»tn sri// : maisa na pi .(* t sap-saa »naoin) -naKVa 
t (: a nra) "'Nnin* 'a^an naa 'in ^r\i, ; (.na mana) ''^3'a 'si? Naynn 
tj^ia'tt^n yn'i ,(:Ta pD'S) ^a^iay 'K^aaV •?8i»' 'yij^iD ]'a na nn «n// 
ivf ,ma'i oro bu^ 'ais nbap ii ntKnsu? ny ,iiaVna 'ynv? nn/za fioan 

.nannx napoa nponi naSn np'oe 
]WKn «iij btt^. Tny oy ^Nn*a iz^ia'tyn bn/ nnnn niaan oa vi 
ay nn Vk nViys «]in»B^ K^a nvta -jaya »?t& nbnnn ]Na nni - T>n'i 
1^ 'inK Hn^ t (.»' na'an) ^'naaia nu^yaa ^laaK sn* : paa .nbiys '\^T\w 
*Ky'pii «yi« 'ptt^aT »a»n ^V 'inn kh* t (.iy Nnua-Haa) '"a'o in 
nbiya b» nina 'awKin c'la'ti^b tn n^n ]Ka |»nij^ .itz^bn ^K .(qb^ .nv) 

.'lai ,niabKi ,i!? nKiNi ' b k Kia : naiVa 
lonai ptn ntj^aa tJiPDna ("iKia//) "Kia^ ni'tn nbaa B;ia't&n ik 
.o'aion baa tn'rn nx yanb na ,nyn'n Kna innn-mn mabna ni'nb 
,"1813* IK ,'Kia// ejn'sb naiian .Titan ixa nbiyB-im'tt^ ay tiin iin^ai 
niiymtj^ ,inanb ik .nanb naia Titan :D>aia pu^Ki «]ia i-riy ay 
niabna ttrfi^aai Kia^, : paa .lay t]nittraa nnp-'yn nbiysn hk nitz^yb 
"la'maKV nai» p'tnai iKia* i(ia'tKn /ibo) "mibn iby* kVw V'ait^a 
att^nai iKia^* »(.no mama) 'U'Kaib naip pnnai iKia// i(.n nit miayy 

.(: ny Kina Kaa) »dViy btz^ laiawn 



* "laun pnpin "^ui in"iuK-i3 Kiuin "^ui I'Jiiyiui 

niaw ni'jn p'x^ najrn pnpnn ^ur in'urRio ^»va (r) «w ^a'on 
.(S^a NW) niKia msj? njian ,(na kib^) nyian mr?» :i^«a i^k ii«o 
^ttr p^ana n"Jin Kin ]"sd ^Viaoni ,ppn ,nrDn 'aw'o V« isnosnm 
OiTa'naV - p»on bw rniai? »Vw^a hk iipoV nojK < nr nasaa .nbK niywn 
nKan «]io lyw o'pipiani D'nsKn ,nmoon 'bya nneoa D'iiu^n DiTntjaai 
Dno'Dfl »D»? ]a»on ^u^ iTpon ^jr iJSj? iiva laV nnpKi 2 .a-neo^ «*»n 

njnan^ oa Hij?»ya u^o'tp (t) p'o irnxw .maiyn dk I'aoi ira 

t njnan noinV dji nwa msj? 
'Vaip» ^N inra o'anpn ^D'aiaipn bv Qr\tpvn n« j?naa la db^^ 
,nio'» ]Bi»a T»^^aai «itt^a ^Dwa 4 Ki^^n lasa Vya »aia^8n_ .taasy Tip'an 

:('N my) l;iDoV nn'nca man nar 
3r»j?»i Tin ya «]in «]inN^« >]*?v k'S'k ini* 
IKpa^Ka D^a^K 'ayK nia»nVV Nim «inn |a «]in e]ins^« 
Kiw!?K ^y^^ nwa KaaVn na ]t» "t^s ^ipKB^^Ka nK'ya^Ki 
H^i riiKM K^a '\sQib» 'd 'ai'an 'nn «n")in'»i ma»n^» |T' 

inDn niH ojr niK ni'mnn nan' p Da (Nitj^n) Him :nnayai 
m'an-nas ,o!?Dn laa nia'nV Kini ,niKa ni« nvniKn 
^ipt!^» la ,i3"3a n« 'xaan ia (nna'=) b)pv> iv» 5 ^lijini 



.oiini' n? ")a«a «»ani» msninai insya '3j;»»d» ^y D»»n"ja '» Tib »a« niia .1 
♦IT nDii?M» ani»!? pi naiisn »DnD D»i?ipia ni lasaa iiauw »Dipa l»33 .2 
oa nx'ipn »3bV ia«an «)iDa» D»nis>pn na»»ia i»»sV »pana 8*Jii?n ,8 
^3 i>y ;vinR nsi? ]aT i« i»«-ia ^» laaia "janan 'n (ao 'ay ,»i»>) i»inan nni> .4 
]a nKijn »Da n»n» /a"on» ,1131^ »» mn .ai'n »aBV iijn n'TPjrn nKan ysasa nnw r^ o»J& 
'i«>5 ,Hi» =) "}»nB»«i? pnapa 'ij?« «w, : m»s» ibd^ wivsa i»aoa ,iiiana ^» laai 
.n»a wiTtt npma i»ny "rw, d»?i i«?»a»a» Di»a naiaa ,(niaipt o^mifa 
.]"aan ia« — aamno "^ipKW, inra natt /jnia pN — D»3i^»aa ojiina •'■iR»j?a„ .5 
|aw 13^ l»Ki ,''^ipR»,a pVn Hin nN'»a«» is i-y mia • i» 1 p r » !» « a ir^vb^r. «)n»sn 



-mix n'»w2n oinni nj^pnvai ,^nD^*a wa'wn ^Di^n^ pma b'ids; 
Hpm JTiayn iwSt 'tt^nno noKa na-owa .kis« ,pn^ |»ki /nan* nrtn 
ipODi nnv«5*iKa ^lan wnin «ii?nn »a'a laaizr /nan// n'Kap nVa nnwa 
an na : tjriSn nyus^n k^k ]kd pKur ^naia ,b»5?^ ]"istt^ 'Da .na izranipn^ 
.(naj?aV lar |»a ,D»an^ th"* pa ^lan Vf,*?h) n'ano tn'rnbaa D'TJ^anB^a 
iHia ,]a OKI .nvaw-ai Kpin naana mwb nn nm .p nvyi 13K «ik 
"3*1 »intjr /i»ia*i "Kia* riTT-'ii'sa nxan u^ia'tt^n nK wnnai (i 'nan// hVi) 
tnn 0:1 :tinion Vaa »n»a« tnn la yanV Kin nwna wkiw 'dsi ,d'»31w 
im»a neiisn nnxa tirt qai .tiian ^ijr in!?i3?B «|in'B^ «!?a n"iP3^^ onnn 

.n^ij^B nin»» Djr 



»3B^ t^y IKS' ,D»97,7a on? ]03 ,D»Dny Kipi3a.,a»3ioj ninw ayai»« 
.'...« onnD 'aw i^na , a * a ^ n n a !? s a ar i p a » .d'sit 
nrniKn nn» ^k moiBsna o'abna »att^ ]n^ tt^» pnan nvmn :iai^a 
jn^aebtt^ nwn ^» ]n niBifiso D»ny .^Kaw^ i^nai ^'a'^ i^na — na'naw 
pip'jwi ^Kaw!? p nnanna fpn |nii?'att^D .|nnnN^B^ niKn bm Q'nyi 
^iq-ft misn km i^b mr'siK naan .]»a'!? nnanna |n qaiaa m) sw 

2 .(iia ,33 maty) 9Si-i;ig naiy^ (f ns onan) 

: piD iniN3 ]"isr ini8 ^y n3na maar pyoi 

« ,Dnn3 '3Br i^nai ,D'i3n Vsa o'^iaa .onKiaa mniK nysiKa pn...// 

.'...Dm3a3 D'V'sai&ai D»3»a'a ,Dnnni cabin mpaa 

bKi in'ssVu? b« pan ni'niN ^^ innannna Kin n3nan ]K3 da 

3 .i^a'!? "Dntini/, ^Kaij^!? *d'3bini. : ^nnnK^u^ 

a 
DwnnK D'aiinKn nnna onpinni o'iiaiipn D»i?ii?ian ii»tb irs 

.vBiV'nbi 'Kw* QVfb 4ini»3 D'sriian o'ttnTun |a ma K»aa ?'KW« 

5 ,D»B^n's ntt^ibtt^ D'Kaia 'anaoopn «]oi"» "ib "omaT my// ifioa 
D'wi-j'Bn nnK nK nKiaa «inynt& 'b by «ik ,Dn'a''3 ynsa ia»K nsnanw 

triinTB nbKi * ."HitJ^// 3'n3b D'a'Knon 
niaxa .it aa by it nnpan 'nor ni'n Kin »w« tpnitt? |nyba .i 

7 .'...nnpaa ' 1 1 ar a nnaiy i 
lb pK enja^n* :niyiann ba bK nara Kinc? ,]i'aii nrt^r pwba .2 
bb3 oyi (o»3aia = ) nibyin Kin (bbS)=:) bba KbK nnK (9|aia=) nbyin 

n.'Ott^i ivib irr' loniK^vn (b^3=) 

♦lai 131 i24 'ay /n"»n D»i'wi'T ,'iay.i pnpnn ninnann n"ni>in ,i»^» iii cij 'ii ,2 

,133-1 132 'a? ,Q» iN»an» »D»8yt5n 'pnpna nr ytspV imyna isVp pa'ja i»n»a?>Bn 
lonw n«i33 IK »'D»3'a»ai D'^'Ka»a, ^"s d3B« n»n "n»itin1 D»a^in, Vn n^apna .3 

.(a /a' H"»ni) ainan niapya Q'Van ito 
B?ii»Bn ns iran» /ovvia onis Jjit? oiriana pn jsa .»nRan — .'ai^iaiia 1*16 »Di> .4 

.(mi yiapi» 'n^i5»a n»n» nas ly) nai»Ni^ 
,'n'-tt»V 'ay .5 
.{a'b 'ay) "siwn iy», — p^s?l V» mniaa la .6 

.0"^ 'ay ,'ii> .7 
,'ib ^w iiBoa Tip'in'.s 

,]aian ns y»an d31 ^'yin as iya»a» olif {"yisn ja ,Sjli| n»aiyn »a-^y .9 
nnann '^ya n"n-ia -t t't 'JKin ni »itb .iiVsIn niisn ,niya»an nanin ^na <nisia 
13^ nn»n .ia '?v f'? nainj ♦mini ,1 'yn ,41 'ay /piaiiy noia nnay* osnai i^inn iiso^ 

. 1 a 1 a ^ y a uDwa — Sjuii 5lX 'anyn »pnp'tn naian ns na 

.»ni8»p''f« viwa •>'\b bts, .10 
uv) ni^»K3 '^an ni»a (1 ,83 '^nn) i»^y nwn |a» t o» laoia iiyi .»a 'ay ,»iV .11 

»''(n3 ,n3 'y»») n»3B ni» bk si-n (n^ #n» 



mian ^^b nB|?nt»a m iDoa ci'^ns niaipa iirai m jrwi? iina 
ya«]in 'I'jnN^K «iVt« DDO^an .n'pVn^ n^an Vw Tiea p'OD «wn 
8ini « ,(mon 'a^) mm jran tnw*f pisa '^in ]a Tin inns^K yDp'i «i*in 
irtK^tp nmn 'ax^ «pin k'h nman "jrop'/zi '»]'?t»* o^^aa nnva niva pyD 
jran Kwn :iiDn asan n'afiVttr nixn »aa^ i^'ki jsitt^a mpuan niKn 
.n^aeVa^ it ay Hwn mx nw lana nan Kitzrni ,(nban ^^na nins^) nnaa 
np!?na *ii?»s?a «Vk Ammb 'm a'^iob ma'ni miona p'jyn |»k ]«3 is 
njnap!? na^tjr n»nnn «a ninar niKn dk .«iaK ]'»»xa Kwn .nnanf? o'^an 
m«^ on-'a «pin mioni iia^n pu?V upa lasan 'pyai .nnns^tt^ i« n'jB^v 
,VStt^ia ,inn«^ lannan /jran mwn mna^izr 'aoa ,n»n33 .Kiiz^n ^nnW 
.injnan n« D'aya^ ^apai i'!?k lainan p ,D'»aia'7pn ^rr oKDaaa 

^vf i3*n UN nunan 2 ,igon |a naan ikd K'aa in* mnan qv^ 
: b'>v^ nasV na'snan 3 .siu^n mysa«a nnan^ D'Va npi^na nanan 

DMw noa'D Kn'B n't3B!?bN nnn ,(a ,tj inou) D'aamttrnsm// 
TttNi ^D »]^in oas'D^Ki 'aK'n!?Ki Nnaa ^^ik^k sw^k 
'nVs'nVNv mya »n'?« TaN!?K «iinVN ya f)nn'7K Knaa 
' a T a n ' n n mya sa pai inn^s |*a ^sa* yani^Ni Knaa 
»by y»Kpa^ nyaiK nywpa naopaa n'oa^^s 
rioa'a^K n'ln .d'jb in ii^ns 01 o'opnVKi ]n^s nnn 
K'ln ri'DB^^K n'ln nan »n^K 'n hknitj? 

."...in^K 
ana |WKin s.iwn .q'hw nw^an na w' it n^a ,n»aB'ntt;nKni :n'»*iayai 
niKn ay (n'Kwn) ni«n m ana tnK ^a nana »T!7»anni 'acrni 
nwn ]''a nnsa 'yanni ana •'tt^'!?a?ni 1 n'lnsB^ ninnn 
np^ina n^an Nsnu? ty ,nnn«tt^ na ]»ai (n'Kwn) 
:nmn npi^nni ^^iptran ^y nnan yai«b nyiapi 
i^ptt^itt^K an i^bn a-'SitJ^n niz^an ,d'jb m B?Di< 01 

...ntn ^pu^aa nstn nf^an nK 
,B»ayan ''^^ip^ ^yab «i« it n»n 16 nia»nn nipVnnn ^u^ nt |i»yni 

5 : y^'nns ^y piaa taia sini 



oi»iy^ »is'n n»n» laisrn Kii^n 'as»» poBjani nisnn Nwn '3, :'i 'ay »i5> nii»n .1 
,("iniyn*) wn ,*msan nie^n : i""i .»»atff 1^ ty» j^jyanan m »s yayana ia»8i iai«'a i»ns pi»"i 
.niana ti»Ri lasy sin /laiVs ,»aE? iV »» ('jrayanan,) yan Ki»n ii>'iii ,mana ♦aw D^iyi> a»n» 

/a 'ay /Ki»n lasa .2 
(lansw »8t3aB ,pBaia D"a» iiiy iibo ss» »n'ain5a »ay i»n n^K o'law insb .8 

•nt i»»ay pTS ,im— i3i 'aya ,dv oai ,a"»»n ,D»^»'n» ,D>niBD»n"0"t5»aiD onptiM 

.nian i»i*i>aw "s^jja?. nmoa niwni .4 
i"(y"nnR iii), § ,6 'ay /B"npi .s 



,*ai»»* ttr-iwo /n?v* IK ^n^'u/* |iw^» Kin ^naw* > ok»i^ ns^i^. .8 

.n'aiva 'paOi^ nianna 

4.ns;i3n ^tt^ latj^ |ai»a 
i»jr tt^iD«? 5 y»sn ,(8 ^»yV) iiBTHin witdd ok'iV ia itnw nn« .10 
DW ^j;< /^irjr* ]aiaa 6(8hiwwa) "^w^i is 6(8habba) *'83ttr-» n»ai5?n in 
.Qwaurn dnip'an ^aa tx'\v;n 'la'D '?tt^ tnio»a ,ifivn!? ,n3i»n ,6/?eAo? »airn p'on 

nvia'KH »JiB^ Vy D'aonoian amHa p ]nV ^aia n^nn D'ariTfin Va» 
D'Ka nr 'd!? .in'nsr^ inwa Kin q%v ,p'on>v ik (nai ya) in' oa kw/T !?t2^ 
^^aa 3 tt^iTD Ts K'sin"? Vdi3 n^« ^^aw .10 ,7 ,3 ,1 :D»wiTsn jiau^na 
np»»nyn nmsn peo '»!?a N'n 'sitz^^tt^ iiya ^^sau^i/ imsan ott^n ^jr miaanon 
l*na n»ainl? na ,n'3n'n bm ,on''i^ ^u^ I'mapja /^'^sa k^ dki 7 .nnra 
t'w pimi IT «xia nipSi?iDa nraiy w^in by maanonai nnra naaion 
K^8 p»«w ,7-1 1 iii'ntt^DKn Mb nnKttra ,Kintj^ niaa imK bapji ,Kwn p»o 
nwya^ ma lurKai ,p'oni Dorn ^w onipa m vaip pn naKa 'inty .nnK 

.lanatjopn «]ov "ibarpa^KinwiTB nK 

pbtiDn p»oa Kitj^n hk o'aiwKin losn nx»a /« pisa mnanu? ^nmbi 
mo pio'D p'ott^ nann Kai mp is»a I'anb ^aia ,m-)anb n^an hk 

5 Mbv; nip'an naiya iin^ aaini&a 
,rp^n^ Duara p^na nmoa ^a'crtz^ ,(:)*K''ittr/, |a'on 
.n'nnan^ n^a pVnaa *an3»n fip'aa kisk bapna 

p TH' ia nwi^i 'Kjffi'* 'Nina HnpV »' ,dtt?n ^w iHuaa^ wk 
niaip pa Dn»n'n nnK Kin *kib?* as^n s.issa nna ,*k'iip« nmon 



.na«a »ij by ]rs i»n«ani .vri'ici «l»i — ,87—28 '»y #1895 ,AJP-a nasaa a 
»ii»D oriM^ «in na»B •]» .no 'ay «1904 *HUCA, The Names of the Hebrew Vowels 
laai .lawi'D 8^ ona »»k» nntta /(i09 'sy) n^Kp n«r n»iy» »Ba /"nDD ♦pipiab «jk»i?'5'» m 
n^«p nj?B ijiiaai .(7 'yn pi '» »ii»b '18 'ajr ^lyb 'i) •♦aw,. ji»^a »iBb iBnyn onw »ij»ki 
.•«a», 18 'ajr ,]Vn5» p ^j? nKii j ia pi i»an»n Dn»i .onifioi' ini»a n»n •saw, D»nw ,aiwnl» 
laxy ttfiiKti i>» naROflK »n»«'i s?* — .139 'ajr /B» .najtaa ok»i^ ^sk o'Kaiamai .2 

.17—1 'By 4901-2 ,XXII JAOS ,The Names of the Hebrew Vowels 

.shabba K"iip dk'i^ oiaK .8 
.«-^p 'W ,Xll /8 /finn'1 Dip ,nB»oia»3iNfi ''ana #TiiB»a 'k 'i in« »ivb ja 

.135 'ay .QV inaKaa .5 
iflt laiaa nsta nVa »n8Jta k^i ,dii»i^ ania la i6 

.]%b 13 Vy riKii .7 
ia1«i noaain ii>«»W <(109 »aj> ,rt?>8p bvm'f n) onpinn p naa nyi5> n»aoni' j»«i .8 
tt»ni ,nytn hy n5»apna n3»K it nB>»a .'vc^f- D»n ^» in»»«ii' (sw) naxy ayijnn »m8«^S 



Ihii tin« 16 



Ds?fi ini'n ir ♦(» ,K3 imiua) 'aw iaa» ?i{^^i > .'^f IwVa nwj* .3 
^'*itb W'naai niKn ns navai ii^a» ays ...(na=) nattr? dj^di (sr3=) naw 
2 na!jr"an n'B^ina ]iaD .vajy ]» wVan^ D'aVan ]a 'k ras^ Ksa* nu^K ny 
w»i& 'B*?! ...iny yian tj^n niKa ni.w n'sn f?« ly'an ny i^nniai laaa 
Kgr ^Bm laa'oi |i« xai? laa^ «np3 p bj? .nac^ai naiw D'am 'a ia 

:nT t^iVB K^aa ninit laoa xnty ^aK 
•fy vfiTo p»«?yn ^jijjin Tjaa mn 'a (lu ,Ta »Vtt^a) njn^? inua* .4 ' 

5 ^ . n 1 1& nn« njjian 

n'niai ova wiaa "satt^ nia»Vn* iBoa '^la^H naVcr n 
v'.pnvban w'ay i^'Kai// 6h^b^ pw^a .5 

:D»»'m D'tjriTB ly'sntt^ naa I'n Q'tjrnnn onpinn |a 
'naf * |a ott^n n« itwi n n u a |W^a *Kaw^ u^isa s Ewaid .6 
"n^tt^* |a *K?is^* lian '"j? nmoa iswtz? aara ,ia naanna r^nntt? (nnwa =) 

.|aiB iniKar nayn 
mon p'D^ nann »o,(-) p'on au^ bv "^'i^^ «ip3 9 nana 'bV j 
«2,i5Btt^an 'plyn |'a n^p nposn^ oa nmoa Ka m |a»o ti.(:) "^^v^^ 

."nawa, is "naw', i?nxa ipna (36* -ajr) »iVi .•ns»»„ Tn ansa ,2 

♦"anpni, »ai»a »i^ ^s« .3 

.'ii—X)'b 'ay ,»ib .4 

.'a /ajr 'a tin ,i827 tnii»s ,i8»a»i> n"a 'sin ,nins ibo .5 

iii?»a w»8 iOpiaa na) 'xiw* <«9 'ay »a Tia /Sivasa'a 1*3^ niitsana Kaiani .6 

:niy"i3nn in» nia» dj di» o'sa la .na»nn bv; nnaian niRa p'on naain dk »a ,D»n 

mils D» msa lasy niyiann ^y pnn i»ana is /'i?'i'i,» .laVin ,^y\ .•'is .Viso .nna /f^j?* 

z'tnw" t]8i <niyiinn niB»^ (•i?i*i^„^ bib) naV niti'si 
lanan is .i"t) 'ay ,n*»n Q»^»n» ,ii^» 'n 'sin /Raw ma»^n ,»l'ia5»R mbv n ♦? 

.(i>'y^ 3 »n»B 'n) "'aw, tiw^a wns^ qnya lasy 
.2 'yn ,91 »ay ,i87o niiina ,»*)ayn ipiii?ia .8 
8in iR .(D») ipnpia Ewald naa nsta nn»BR hrS i»jb^ — .s 'yn ,18 'ay .9 
(pao) n*anya o"pn ^wyn p dr 'a ,n»T)on p i3'« p'Dn ^» iRSia inyil" »a ,nmR r\m 

.DBRn ]a«t}a iRSiav /nninai 
."nn* »n», nuoa urwiV »•? onaa R»aa p'-en ^» ini»i>aD ^y mpai ina ^I'yn .10 
aa ^y nr o'^isy anna »j»a Rwn ia»o ar "nnipan n»aB« yap inyr^ .(iei8/n*y» ,n»s3i) 
•jiayn Ri»a niRW ]an»» rI"© D»a) oaipaa nnaiy q3»ri iRaV ir jrsV tb d» Venn /fit 

.(23 'By ,»i^ 'B-^y 13) ."Raw ^nBni, i3a»oi ,(nasy^ 
•itta n^ab i»yB anaan i»-J- 'lion ay an ]a»o nR p^ niwa dsbr (d») laRa .11 
la ^y '11) "R»iw, pio'Bn la'o nR 10'? niwnV im» nyin ^y ^apna iR /13^» ""ipt,.?! 

.(i7 'aya iVnV *iiy 
,18 'ay 43§ (1918) »iien ipnpia jaVpiis 'I 48 



''nv ,DaiaN p in bsH las n»xaa it niis nnttr .nj?'na nrK •'K;?tt^,.misn 
,]3i& 1 ,oniDo^ mr'Disnmisn n«T 'd ,j;iap^ fs oa .nieoa aij^' R^tJ?i visV 
iiann iiyi ,"kiv^ Da iwa nianp o'nyV n*?XK Hsaa ,!?'5?^ ir»ittr 'aa 
n^aipa ^KW^^nnK d'3b ^a ^y .on'anaa *nw,A "naw* niK'jitt da u^ 
'anyn iKinn nai'o Djn 3,p*aD3 usaa "D'kju^* '•i3'»in2.'Nairiymisn im'a 

niRnV »»i /Katt^i,! 'sw* n»nvnKa mns n^'ai 'njijf// nmsn .nstt^ 
mis'? wa '^isi .n'aiK nnis ^ya mnw /NaW// ^tjr nni' nay a'naa nniK 
naawnai3aau> ^C'a^- ]wb) ^naizr// it^miz^n n« nraia nni'n ^jr it 
.(3 B^iTs 16 'ay '?»s?^ "1) *Natt^// Dtj^n dk iin^ D'pipia 
7,an3a manaa o^ayo ih d^d 6,QmaK p nn naia Ksaa m a'na 
]a »i^ nana niDiani s/jivn neo hvf o'srwipan rn 'anaa nnKa D'nyV pi 

nnajr mis hiki!? iu^sk ia «]Ki ,ini'a nan Kin 'njitf* Dt^n .nw 
I'a ,'nw^ tt^iwn ^v n»ai^ia»DK^ ini' na^Knan /'hw* mori Dvn ^r? 

,|i'ani 'ii'B^ |iB>Va pai ]i»iiv ]iibba 



.2 »jrn #22 'ay .iMfl nna /»najf pnpn /t5iaal» »a ]3i ,qv ,nv ,i 
fin i»iDD bM 'jvn ; onaa »i»aVn ^ss j onaa manaa na^a nns tays ssaa id .2 
i»a3n ^KiB» -.(va^^R asnsa "si», D»'Bj>sa pn) i»nBD ^aa nwa ]a» ;eina^R asnaa 
oi»» p8 ! niDOina D»ayBi> n\>'>vp'i ]m ; omaT mya 'j'latsopn fjov ; xaanos^s a«naa 
.miaa ^'nm ; nitsiB^R asnaa pia jan ;(»nw„ Q^aye m^wa fin) p'atsa j t]>i8snVs asnaa 

,'a itt 'ay .8 

.1 'j?n ,181 'ay /a aisaipipa» iT>iNsn^K asna .4 

.132 'Bjr »inaa y'nn pi ; niyna xx 'ay /Siiaaiiaw Tissn^N a«na .5 

m»y nnsi ,(nta n»ii» *j»n 'ana ^a» iBii>a) Btjaun t]iaa D»»ayD — «"aT .6 

.»i^n t\t)i |a nB» ^» unaK «in» ,X '"aa •)p»ya /nisnoia ♦si^^na D»aya 
:('» 16 'ay) anaa lais (sa ,j nVnp) "mivn, na»na «*nn bv mip'S Vy ii»ia .7 
nutn n^an nn»n i^r »a mivn fnipaa; ^a» 'ws^ 't v ne oa mivn nanan niii« 
nJ»B \\vbn n?»ia»i nninei naw naiya snn »a n a » ' t i p a a n»ann^ ppina n»n nnian 
npaa ,ui »By ,*iayn pnpTn nmnBnn nn!>in ,)•>)>•> n bv iisoa .'"lai n-nrna Dn'3» 
Litteratur- iiBoa oypn 'i" «»an» onaa nianaa yopa i« •"<i$f mipaa, :"t*n»a^an 
historische MUtheilungen iiber die altesten hebraischen Exegefen «Orainniatiker 
niipaa. :nisipa «n!>a n^an nKaia /i«3 'sy ,und Lexicographen, Stuttgart, 1844 
n»n na»ana "mii»n, nn»»n i^»« : fanVi /"a^i^ mipaa, ns'ip ti'iyni* »V nsia p^i /'naw 
("naw„) «i» naiyo n^K»n wn ♦a /("[8]naw, i^j^ds »^iki) na^ mipan »"y nn'ann jir y»aa 
n« vaDrtV *i»DH oai /nan»B i>Vaa ]"jyin'8 naana ni »ia»» ''y .(ri» R^a) nnifto R'n »'»fii 
.n»aB^» "T&sfn na»n l>» n'ytsia nR'ip apy 6aaa» ,"nninBi naw, a»nan 

TV 

♦•HW* BW 31*1 'D by "]» .I'^'flB^R aRnai ]»V^r aRna V» . F ♦*aa .8 



I'^y nayur »]« ,nalB>KiV Jinain las^ a»r>D imna ova a^awan yiiijriann 
^w tt^ii'DV ia*Knn^ na *ij?'»a ,d»3ia naa niiw la'nai ,o»ai o'^u^a 

.injrva ^aipai 
.swn p'ob DB^n mis V» o'awn o'B^ia'tz^a nrpin Kisa^ myp . 
anpn own bur pia iniK^ na^nnntj^ mna tt^anir^n pnpia ^atr? ,nn3nn oa 
nia»n miNa o'K'aa o'pnpian ]a o'ai nntt^ ,jT'3?i3ia .rnn ,inyib nnra 
tt^an ,imanaa onaa ,ianA«3 'xii?n Dnia« ]a in paa ,mjw nms lasy 
,D'p'ns?an nvwanwn n« ]iaiz^na np'j dk oai i .onnxi roi ^jr vmanj^na 
njrin no'n ^1naw ,pn" k^ dj j o'Bi'j'nn |a nsj?a h^k onV on"^ ^ai3 sb 
^ .nil mis nTnn lanai trn^^sr ntJaipa mis \yovm 

2?na Q^n i3tt^ naipna asan kidk ina 

Vnn IK ,nniDO D'aye j?*! n^nan mioaa sa "^vqu a'nan .Kltt? 
.D'ain onnnan nnabi 3,QYnpian an nana Ksai sin roni tj'npa 
fiD3n ,nKT ^aa rmiy\ ,Kin rrn ,a'nan nms in* |'aa nt a'na^ lap^^ 

.nni'a 
'pnpia D^ajrs riKsaa «'ni "tS'^^^u N»n nt a'na ^m »iann niis 
»>iTi 'ia'*i niai'o shI^'dj?'! |aN ^sk Nsaa 'n'sjiy^-jKinn 4,Dia5?t3n 
7.''(i)|»ssitt^« 6,'jiKKiB?-.— Kitten laKaa pi niKa ni'aiy 

nK nieoa rmnv sin pno ]a onaa iV»Ka 8,n!?aipan nynn .«ac^ 



omwRia nn^n s!? fiBii?n nnisaw ,minR ni3»"i3n ^» ]n»nia» Vy 11^ 5?"n»n iina da naisia 

.•1S1 pw /D^n /i?in .^iJD pas /]«sV ins nms» njriann 
njraiK Vsa »nn»)an ,i3ii3i»a 'Sipn isa'Vo ^a '^j? sin n^iaa ini> ns^ i?»nio .1 

.na» .nw .saw /8i» :mn b»^ D»>">»SNn B»a»n3n 

yaps rV» "JHsn .(«nv" "*'>''") 'i«F'^»< "''<i" ''^'' "'^ "' °''**''^ '"^^^ ''^ '^ 
.nsiiw naipn^ on nnniNta iian o^pVri'ninQ^") /ins 'iiya la^sw. ♦«ni iBon .i^wn ibt ^^-ry 
noiyV #120 § ,91 'Bja naVa nn« Dys) a-on ^y ©aiT ; «i»fi lasa ,R-aT ^ss as ,3 
iwaa, s 22 'By /Wan nana oys dj •*H\&\ ; ansa n^aVn ; ('niw, — w-inRn B^ayan »i!?» 
^» F "sai .«]MbK a«naa '*i»n pi ;{7 'yn ,23 'aya i^n^ la ^y n) 'swn '^ana piy 
]«»VTia) A »»3i nsao ia« »iaia ; ntn a'nan ^^a ima w' pV'na^R asnai I'^iis asna 
»anitJOi?n «ioi» ;^»anrj '«aw,. aipaa "rw, (61 ,55 »ay) o^aye »•> yaV^s awna ^» (1459 'DB 
wiVw p»BBai ; moBina oa a'ayo^i 'irasn^Ri Tann^K asnaa n^i'Bp'a las ; nnian mya 

.(•saw, is»n ^ai) taVa B'aya 
^y ni .'ftl*)*- »ai»tt i"ip»aa si §"a n'a»i ,A b» naiaan Ta anaa 11 §-a oyu a 

.177 'ay ,t"» laaiw?* ,i»naa*ia »3 ns 
i'mn* Tiy «76 »ay #^66^ .5 
.liyi 'a 'ay paa .6 
♦•^''sw, — B» F '■a 'bVi .a's 'ay .7 

«i *yn #61 'ay ,<i9io) *ViRp ounn ,28 'ina ,nay pnpn .©SBisp'oi'ati ,^wa^ ^a •» 

♦Q'-insi ao9 'ay .n^sp ]a^ 



« .mon law ft« ay i^a»p 

Kin Ji'iiiBn mioaai ,*hw* ixa tt^att^"? *«i»n/r Dt?n «i»oin nm ^aa 
nnHi 2,tj^nnn au^n »3aa nmna ^f?lnl aioa ih ,|nn«n |a nni' maur «is 
nijjiann u^i^w iivsa np'jra ,D'pnpian an ^x« iKura Kin onaa 'l»a^n 

3.ia niaanian 
nip'anw ,nKia ik .'n^q,. — 'aiK asy ava it mix anpaa 4 a'ai 
sannK anpin .n»Vaan mioaau^ *KBB»n* mix"? ini» a»Kn» "^iq^^ 
laia nnaoa yiap^ nipp in 6 ."tp^^ 'aiK !?3?ib 'jwaa Tan anpaa 
It miisn »ntt^ wa'n^ ,'kiii^ anp ntt^Ka .B"a»an 'a"»a anaa^ ,nip»an 
anpan . anau? ,i'an^ iwukv 'd *?j? e)K nKina B'nsr ,Bwa a'ny ,it nsa 
^T^^O// — B»n bvf 'lann nnis .t»viB 'aia'aa la^m ,iKina misn nKa 
nnis aa .nt»mn niioaa ip'va niKxaa .yQ^t}^ - 'aia'an Vur an «b ^s^i 
WKa ,''B'"9arii, ,nasr it»'BK ,'aia"»aa ^^a ^*na niK^^ aaia 7 »o'flDn* laa 
bv n'loa mis BJi nnK bjtb nssaa anaa manaa.'aiK qv *?v nay 'lana 

e.-.Tppin^—nay »aia»a 

: nnnK nnix bj nia'»p nVK ^y «]Bia 
9,nKa'a pN to pi riKsaa 'ms^o* attraian axyn Bormix .nifian 
aaaK "niBani^ »o » niyian maa^^ nt Vparaa itt^antt^nur a»awKin p r\'»r\^ 

.fap nan bk »a \nw iVsK ]"xa la'K 



.nt ]»»3y Vj> iiy "iTnipj »»i», j?iBa iVni' "11 .1 
"lata .«i»n iMsaa iisa eyai a'npia /nVnan niioaa msiati I'^ny Ksaa '«]Bn« .2 
ana n»si..., :5o 'aya nnsn .o'lna »rta maii?aa a»»aj>a B»n ssas. oasy oma ♦i»Bi»n 
niiB?ni .niiRS^ »ai»a noia ."oai ems (i) iai^im»i nne tjon faj? Vyea ina^ 
ij^a laa iai D» ^3i« :55 'aya n»a»n ojrani .'i^Bn fap byoa,, :'« a 'ay ,ov\ anaa »iata 
ana'aaa, : tj'oiai jpna pB» I'lnan .'iai i»i>ai pa« ipa. w "las t] a n 1»r ona^atja i^; 
aya sa an^inn .'qan ^s [Mnvi] ona'aaa, :]pnV ini» awa is .•«ittn[i» nanWvaw] Ijk 
" «] a n Kipa iW8 8i»n nywa ("i»n» ^'si I'na ♦^in) ]»ai nny, : »a 18 'ay p'aaa nnx 
n'fi 8iwn» ,iai^ imiiai #iay ]Wbi "sipi* t»ani> »i>i« »» ,nns oyo pi n«t» insa ^s 

.•«]an, BTipa stpa 

.♦n-i 't B»piB iVn5» n .3 

.(19 'ay) 3 'yn ,18 -ay (loae 'tna) "layn ipiipia aiaaV 'rvnb n .4 

.an^pinp''^ P^v" loiawia <»SBi8p-oi»3Ta jiaa .5 

ia mpiaa niis mxaa ('a i5i3 'ay) «ign Tiy lai^'aa m"i?i»-p 'd^ .6 

."oniaR napa.ai "paip B»a„ laoa 
na'iBa aa»ft» ,»idV nni' nia "a'SBn a„ i»s »iB'ai .iss 'ay nVnan niioaa ^»aV .7 

,B»8i» nyaiR — •>'?'i\>'>n isisa i»8a ,(ft*8i»=) n b i b n misa waipa ayaisa nxa 

.'8 4 'ay ,Dnaa .8 

/lae, Tiy i»is«i>« annaal 176 'ay yai»V8 asnaa jiaa .9 

,"msBp* niisa nt i-pwaa i»asV »an»n 'ai»n pii ."niniiB« aa iVxk jai ,io 



. inn iinjt 20 

wibv « ,»iSn ns' p »i^ ^12^ i3n;jK3 HHR Dj?D Hxaa *nnrr. a^nan 

.'sw* mix pi Tn»a 



riiixa n»^aan mioaa ^aipa .imw /'^wn* own Dip "xw^ dB^^ 
ip *«]Dn*n la'oa »a't? ''jaan iip'aa s.^/u'H// nirpa i« 4'HQonn* 
,mon D»n .(^) ''KjDn^ia* 'iion ]B'on ]a 6iKsiau; ,(ji) nixb ^ya.]nKa 
/lon*^ inHiina V'apa ,('K»ni'/ n-'aisa niiu^n) piD'ni nn'na |iB^!?a Hiniz^ 
KDaan niTna— piaa »^aan nia^na laa ssaai ? ,nnMa Kin »]K yaan 
nB»»n yaon ,D^ -jx .(MnK^i) 'irna «ii»n» h^b^ ia^ai« sman ^tt^ 
,nD!?nio mna ^y o^i aoia nvni ^la' wk .nn'naa nn^an ^laiba ,nsnin 
Kipiw n»^ |i's pi n^'nna^ 'p^oni oti^n wa'iy irVaan mioaa oaaHi 
IV n^nyiann loin ns qj HDnnp'o '"y wx ^^ inx pm lo.yi nibt iroa 
12 .nB'»»n ]vs^ nvsa nma p's^ nnT» nt ]a'»o *ixa pin ^waaB^ 
iba' K^ nt hv VK'xaa i« .'jiaDn iip'an Hxams^a ,asan n'n nta 
»3a'oa ,^TJ^a^ ,wvtt^ »fla - mi8^^ nnna ^n nnin'?i 'baan ^Dnn |a'o n» ^ap^ 
D'Knn N^ aw "ion* ovn dji .nnsn ]a'oa nc^nn ii^u;na-'»Txni prnn 
p'oa nna "» ,n»pnpin nnepi^nV oNiina ,pbi >3 .p^on ^u^ a^aaian "^ivb 



.(6 'j?n 40 'ay V'?^ 'I) X »"3a» nom .m 'W i82 ♦»? <s"ai .1 
oym .(120 §/«i faya) "Ki»„ nn« oye pi «a »D»n ifia iaM» D»»s>Bn yaiN iina .2 

.(d 108 § ,88 'aj»a) "r\\^» mpiia mis e]N nsa 
.'ni», mpiaa nina .'a 'ajr .a 
.ii3»l /T"3 'tj ntm'^nb mioaa /j'-ai 'ay /:i ,jiiasj»a t-s^ "niioan,, ^»»^ n a 

,Tiyi /a''a '« o'laiV ,v'ni 'ay /D» n .5 
Ober das babylonlsche Vokalisationssystem naKaa oriiunB 'd m"? .e 
,n^»p 'D Vy i»n«ani ,i»n'Rn «^i — .ise-isi -ay 4899 ,ZDMG .des HebrSischen 

,108 »ay 

.'"lt\m^ «iit3n ^is«i n^B".' .•«"J' "'"^ J'^^'i'S' '^a* ""»" •' 

.»»8 ai ' ^ a a n Kiiasn naia ^a-y >"> fliaia ,8 

aa § ,11/ay .(1825) 'lien ipnpia p^pna ") .'J««nia, »iiDn oB^ni p'on py,9 

.107 'ay nVsp lai ,n 'ay .lana niwn sio 

.DW iiaVpiia '■> »nniea iai .108 'by /nVitp .11 

.100 'ay ,nVKp niiy »dI» la '12 

1S»K ,«itt^ iitfr-^a ««iB^.. (109 'aya) a"n« t^iaai ,107 -aya it nsy^ lyith ,n^«p .13 

"^ ,yw «iwV D'«n» i)»« ai0 «j?^ >in0 ^owpna o^aan ^V^yin «V vian ^dV«. .t.n'^a 

/K piua ?"yl« nia'iKa n»by inayir? aft 



nnB^,a*'oi 'jd!? na pi riKias amin nr a^n»n ,*Kitjr* - at&n hr oa nmon 
roi IK .tt^n'B nsoin '!?a "niu^* dtt>a u^ani^a naa o'ayon ynpi ^jra 
«in pVi ,^aaV nnaoa tyinn qot n« lay N^antJ? .nr nKiaa .th laxj? 
l»nDj?3 'ajTH HiBT* >aaa lanaar .nvr nco^ ittriTBa Taon^ f^K3 

.•|'na''Hp 

.Tiaoa QA wia»tt^V u^inn ott^n ^ap'mw iy nay inv an ]at iR .1 
^1na DK i/nnipa 'nttr« ]w»n du^a wanu^n^ (dnaa laa) u^aii «i'oin tR is;i 
/i^ nRna r^ 'riw« au^ntt^ «39a 2 nnr nRnitr »ds ,ir ,tt?nnn att^n njrn' 'r 
bj? DDiaan /'Rav* a»nan an s.nnyi^a bwo nt aivu^ win jn' msr pw 

.insTT ^sr !?apnn!? sin «]« ^ia» R^ ^n-iyoia n»iii!?ia'dR 
d'vantt^a ^R /Raisr* aai "RW// dx an'aa ii'Vy d'rtj^an .ama n»a^n 
nRiai ,'nmp3 'a// ir *nnip3 'nw^ - anai^D-ia Va? .TM^ii'aiaa d'ny^ 
n^XR d'Rni?^ dn.i nmpa 'na^. laa a^ia^aa annaia i?"i^ w'tjr 
Raur^dai 5 ,»NaT2^ nnipa »nB>i» pi 5,*sai2^ Rnj?3n nnipa »nttr*iR 4,«kw 
'nmpan 'nur^iz^i .a^nntzra ai^mzr ,ttranV n»ain^ wnann anti> ^^'nnipa 'nura 
|»R ,ia'R'itt^ »BD *nT naiv^ »*Ratty^ ir "Riiz^i, bian ^ua laa niRipa I'saty 
.(a*m) m Rin i^'bri ,Tn' nyna ib nRianr na ^apa wan 
ima HRiaa ,Rin «ir c^amr^a ,m2^E^ p niiT "i ,tj?3n Vu^ n'aVn 
»nWi» dtt^n VtJ? wia'tL^ nBipn dr d*»oa Rini ^ ,dv iniRa ,iaiV niaaRa 

.Rw piaa *nnipa 

1 

sran Rwb annran d"ia»Dn |a nta R'as ]nan ]"a5?n ma^tt^ ott?^ 

.a.TVy umaa ]ina oaa»nV '^a ,nan riw^i 

e^'yayana rw^, :niaiya aa d'Tz^awa yan Rmi |vx^ .ya ric 



jaiai "ftiiipa ''n»„ »it3»aii ik .(28 'ay /orija naa m\i) "niiipa ♦:». ims oyei .1 
"iiatjpn ns»apn nn^pa ♦«», :fiiMii o»i» "|Bp fap* ftfiuina i»afi i^sts «a «'t»s 

.(70 'ay) "niiipa »nwa ]t)p fap„ ,(69 'ajr) 
."Ri»„ 85 las Dji3» ,viBD JiK nsi «l'» isn»» 8^1 ,a*oi ^» ira^ti n»n nn» a 
.i»js^ nsp 18 a"&i ^p laaia Tiya nmon la D»n layin ?'»y^ iib83 »ifi» .3 

.23 'ay ,Dnaa »n»ai'fl a 

.50 'ay ,Qi9 .5 

.51 'ay /DV .6 

l»aa, : owa n»aVn5» ns'pyai li»V ywy»a mt is /•«i», m t\m nya »^i8i .7 

— {'«\^n »Vana jiyn »3tiyb. .- n» ,n '♦y»» nii»ni ; 22 -ay »»a»i) " 8 1 » n »^ana piy 

.!t -yn ,24 /aya \brfy i^ia yupn ns 'I . -s^B^n »^an, ]iiaM »^ik 

.'1 'ay /8i&n lasa .8 



^iVDn ijiran nnis oa inidd n«sm nipim D»ny^ .^lya 'nra 
'aiK 'lan nai'o ay oa nnx dvbi 2 /n^^tsq^ napa pu^^ai 1 ,«'«]wrj najrn 

3.-pawq^ 
nKiaa .hyti n'iiX4nt»» p ninv nana nsxai nriK ays .Vyoj 

.(Pi? ^ona nt mj?aa) 'tjona ipias/y piaa ."^otlj,, ,»3ira 
oa a^ Q-'tt^V B^» nraism ninayn mnisn r Vy .nvaiy nmx 
mw Tan iVsk na^jjani ,aniaK p nn ^sk nxan ,"iD'a^ n'ansrn ^k 
»anyn ^lyon 'airan ■]« .nyiann dtz^ e|oi3 «^b^ B^yx ,nyi3na aaiia 
Ksaa 5x»oi nana oa .(^itsn pp) ,vai? e]i3n ]aiaa pn if?SK sa •«]waa* 

.Kitt? DDoa e)i»n piaa |Ka !« >«)waa* 

n 

wa'o aw by 'imipa »ni2^« dji Kwri Kipa matnir^ niairrn by «io« , 
abttr nnnaa iz^a'ty Kim ,pvf avfb onp nt q^v; .n'anb b^' .'naun np'ja 
inwn mattr bw anibtt^brnj^n v^-'f ^^ .'^w^n bs "^on^n p nayaa o«3'a 

:p aiTpa laasyb nxnb baia 

n« bapb D'bia' 'naun nip^an 'K'ijaa ]*k 6 ,inDtn naaiy 'sa .« 
UN Jimon ]a -o'bKiiy on pbi ,nnwb nnna bK nmnbi 'baan «iDnn ]a*o 

."^iBn// Di&a wnpV q'D'oib ^8 ,(:) p'Dn 

tt^nnn p'ob o'inipi ^'lon-v 'baan ot^n bcr rip^Va o'T'Da on .a 
niaT2?n nanan nnn naa nunaa bn ni naea ."irnlpa "^nv;^ - wnis q^ by 
'ntjr* Qtyn nN iba'pv ,nanoa nt i'k 'd ,*n's^ onai ,niyianV a'T&nnn 

7 .n'sn ]a'ob nt atya mnp my bs Kii^b "nnipa 

Hb D'aij^'n niattrn in* laai nrn ,nun'n Hb niu^b *nnipa tib^^ au^n .a 
,a"pnnb e]»oinv ,''T!J piaa "nnipa »mj?// iti^M aiyn oa nb»b ]a nwiaa abya 
inrai by nbpnu^ ,BT2^n ba^ rivniK'Tin bbaa ]ni ia u^ia^ij^n bam bbaa ]n 



oa "fai?, oy «]iTsai .onja »i»abn ^xsi ni'nan niioaa — ono ni» |aiaa -\'z .1 

.©'am anaa naa »3n i»ss 

.(23 'aj^) "nuiBn nsiap>„ tiiTsa ,»"a»i ^ss !?•> .2 

,Ki»a D'lpWB :iaiBa ,t»' 'ajr /Ni»n naHaa .3 

.97 >w ,11 'ay /nn'UBii tm W'a'i .a 

.2 'yn /25 'ay ,(19S6) »iayn ipnpia aiaaV 'q ^y — .76 'ay a"t3i .5 

.20 'ay ,'T i?iS3 ^'yi> '1 .6 
o»nyV »i»s ivs^ /i^nupa,, n^aiya iBi!?»tTi ,*n"i>iv3 '«'''" ^""^^^n »»'>» dsbsi .7 

•a-'Oi by WIT ^S8i R'ai i>sK ,«iwn "jasaa ,B'ni?ia i8»n j'l ; nisa niaiij? 



25 ^-nayn piipi.i V» ift'tfKia xwn V» i»»ii)3» 



.nna P]ion 

niWDun ^^aa^K ,na^ nr Dw»i^a ^"is? D'ayun ^npia ."Wiu* trriioaa 

2 .nniDi ia wia'arn i^w ,vjiii 'nris^a iD»to^ 

«)on*n ^12^ Q-ja'D^ion ins pi osya |"san /nns/, DiJ^nur laa .«] on 
»«]Dn* »atJ^n a»anan ^w lau^ qji ia ,iVid aanian ]a'on ^y Kipa "nne 
la in f?SK n'aijrn iniixa n3iw«n Kxaj diph 3 .i«?ia p*on n« |"x 
nsiaa 5 ,nt via'ir a'KSia uk p«i tjyaa inn« ik 4 ,*«]t3'a* — onias 

.D^*in«n D'DDnn »aB^ osr nsVnnn 'nni2?B» VVaa 

xan /Kwi nnnfi4/ «in nnB-tii5n^ im»an |WKnn Dt^n .nnei Hittr 
"•bis /nuBi SIB?* Dtt^n UK D'pipian o'anjra la-ins dVik .D'ajrun 'pnpTa 
m ow 6.-,Q-»ai D'pinsr T'anaa Hsaaw 'dd ,ik^ p-'on inwV oKnna 
ij? d'TiBon Dnin»n »B3 iNttr:i 7 ,0131 D'pipna Vxk K^ana *?nn «saa 
•nx'pa Q'ajrBV D»ama n«ya pm onaa 'ra^n .'nnB-«ii2r* inixa orn 

.*nnBi «aw* Dipaa 8 "saty* 

^apnav ijr na pr najr^.u^aK laatjr 'Ba.nnsi nmpa t^v; 
6'«sia 'WiBi Hitt>// Qvn Qipaa p^.i ,tibo 'pipia bv 02b by 'KW* otw 



D> "fihtj. own ^^15 |83 .70 'ay ,1864 /tT^sitsajjiB 'sin ,nV5s") nbK '6a ^»aV .1 
\tm >n iia^vi^ laaine^ji? niooii mKUAii jraiK i*;; nzan innan da ik /vaa nnt) 031 nn& iq»n 

.(o) ibj? fai?a hnni o^ina nn« ,pi'na Q»»nw 
Dj^D pii • ; t\t\ibK aKftaa 'ai»f? ; a'oi by »aii i>s8 *ii«a nipini Q»n»V ssaai .2 

.6 '»3> ,n^»Bi?'a lant V» msoiiia nns 

: »Vaa(i iv»aa nii»n .o^aaiian d'riw i"iy i»n «V na» t^s^pt^b ^at naa »♦ »^18 .3 

y .y_ ./- .yy ._. 

, T ♦ w n a — 1 » a y a , ■» » T n n ; (78 'ay ,D»aan jia?^ ,n-\)s 's) i » a y n — t a y n 

y ■ t . y 

.iiyi (83 'ay ,av) D»*a»'»na ,D»'i»'3ya »ia»ia is 

.D»asiian o»8i»n in»^ qa Bra»a av ini« ik ,i»iana niaiij? Qinvb 10 a 

2 'yn ,21 'ay ^»yb ds -ni .55 'ay <Dnaa n»a!?ft mawna nns ays i?i .5 

l^na "Kwi nnnt). own m I'aoni" iwss 8b»i .(113 'ay mI^kj? »'By) — da ]ai .e 

.y i« 7=^ paa ,jM>iy Mb nyiis «^» »ja»i:?i ^» n^itrn na»na niis 
"nnD ya inKin «i», ♦aiyn »iB»an oa nm Dye Nsai db^i iSiwn laxaa paa ,7 
anpn^K ii^KOiai ,i»iaD ^aa nxi'i psi ; 'nmnBi naw« nns oya — Dnaa Vski ; ('a 'ay) 
n^»Bp'a jan ;«aanos^K asnaa Taan bsinv ; (278 'ay) "Vm nriBi sa», i!>»bn nns aya 

.«]»*i8sn^8 annaa v>w pai ; i»a'*ift?>« a«naai niBoina 
,335 'ay ,yBi>^« asna ;8i -ay /onaa ivabn iiaa .8 

.(•i) 28 'ay V»yV .9 



_ twi rn« 24 

5'linna viWs, : mais^ai 4 ..j^o,^, 3,.n«?p njnan. 2,*sr»a5 kib^. i^^nyjn. 



'^^pi^- 'wn amnni ,D.Tani n*|NaoK. 10 /po. :iaaa a^inam 

14 .^'p'D,, -.anyn ot^n da nnx bvdi 13 .•|id'v«i 

,28 'By ,»«a»*» .1 
.n^iia si. t)v WN1W IK ,»K4 '»jr onaa J-sk 'n^raa. aa niwm /a 12 'oy .p'ou .2 

.7 'By »»'6i .3 
,yi3p 11M 'nm,\i fj«.apn d»5. pi »»an ^"y mijii »ia»»a .rn si* r» »ii)»a .a 
ain ^y Dnn'^ni. ..22 'ay »"a'"j ,nvnpn n»jiVi3»»ni3 »>y ]i»sin dibVibsi n»yBl» 8in» 
m»y DDiasa niwn ii>ana p,j, ^^jj^ n^.,,^^ ;„.,aj,5 ^^P „,jj,g,^ ^,g^j^ 1,^2^,^52 (wiirs) 

yjfiai ya nainna ibkS pn» k^i niai a^aya aaiDea nsBnn ananai nun yanai ya nainna 
tia ia»a» si» i»8 osias a^iiani nam yeianai yoia nainnai yi nanai na yana ax •» nam 
.'naip aiB d»i niaan "ibb naaia Vy a'B?n^ ii»5» 'naya issb' i»» nain^ na j»a 
.(8 'yn .23 'By b'>yb ")) "yayana, »iB»an aia'in «ini ." 'ay ,Hi»n -ibnb .5 
n»n^« fBp>, 18 "tiaina t)->nbs nna„ q»i .582 'ay ,»& pa i)»a^ ,8»ai ^sr la .6 
aa nnann isaa .(nyian bv 8i»=) ya sit? nsoina an yajpni nnanw /1»ii»d *n3ina 

.aaiian awb "riann* ^» plan 
.278 'ay ,i>»noni'«"i a'lpniiK nb^o'-a nsa'a jas nsn .7 
.(4 'yn ^'y^ 'i) 22 'ay ,»*a'i .8 
;j»i"fla;>« asnaai )'>bbH axnaa 'arn ^sk jsiwn nasaa ]iaa .ii«a nain 'isa .9 

.t)»"i8SflV« asnaa »w psi ;ya^i'K asnaa nsa'a ]a« 
a«naa Taan i>KiB» jyaiibs asnaa nsa'a ia« jejuaiiK asnaa 'ai'n i»SR jwa .10 

.annsi saanos^K 
; t\t)ib)x anaai j'Vi's asnaa 'ai»n bi» nssaa — .'y»ain j^aan bv iipan irjia .11 

.iiyi saanos^s asnsa Taan Vsiaw 
.B'a'j D'pv^a ^s« na^ ♦isa .12 
.'a 13 'ay p'aa .is 
/^aia '« "i) 'H»an« n'liDa i nyian av bv aiainn nn'jaa sinw ,'fB'a 'lo'an ,n 
."■ioa„n )i»si» D^nyn B»pipian i'ss »awa sini ,naaan ,n^sB7n wii»b ,(77 'ay ,t'» ■I3ai»5'« 
]a Tn Kin man B'ayo ia »an»an 'Tn»ni i^aipa nt naia n'n nb ia^» tiipfpttin aipa 
/K Tia ,8"an) nawsin aysa iinoa mis K»aa Kin»s .latsn e|'oin^ fi>8an ,Bnia« 
jaiaa »'fB'a« iVss sa la^a nns ays b^i« .pi'na 'b:> 'nnn«i riupaa 'ays 'fs'sa. :(176 'ay 
#'a Tia) i»»ii .na 8i» ji'Si" — ai?'!' l^i ^ip'i T'a''' '^'pn "^a^n — '^iy" ai^f ^s' in«n 
i»n »a«a nyaiK b^v »b 5>y t]«i ."a'nVs^ ^'na t]V8V« 'fB'sa las^, : (139 'ay 
'f D'S < ,s]b'a ! B»p'nya mya bv nii^ss nB'»p ,nt noiaV B»a»8nB o"ay inaK aai ia»i»a» 
bv naiE>ai 1! nip'a ia»a&i> 'in ,t]B'a V-si iKa p»nya niya nasa bsi .(^^iiii < i_iki) 
nyiana aaiia ki» sw wai ^S8 t]a'S ano »a ,(aaiiB 8i»a t^s) "D'n^s^ /"ibk^, 

.("ni'aiy ninix,, 22 'ay b^sb n) 
Die Qrammalische Terrainologie des JehQda ... Hajiftg, I882 /nBoa lana 

^.tji,,,t,j, 'fB'aa. wniBa ia«aw 'b ^y «]« ,'")»x = 'fB'a niyaa wisa ,1 'yn /I9 'ay 



27 naya pni?!?! bv in»»8ia Kipn ^y vniaP 



]aN oa '^woi saer^ dw D'tt^anit^a rinK > .'iBj? nnei Kav// «ik nnK oyai 
-Kw* mixa JIT wio'wi .«]ns2rn^K annaa tj^w |a«i niuoina nb'tjp'a 

.Di»n ny oniDon 'sa i&m 'Vwo 

^s« Hip3 /«i»'a« »anvn »iraa oa 'ixan >iao-«iBnn .«jt3n|Dp nne 

z.^'tjtjn pp nnDi/ tsmoan DiJ^a tinaa 

nV'Dp'j pK ^SK pi Nan ^lun ^lao// Kin nnK oirr .^no Ton 

3/jivn !?SK 'bMO* ni2J'p3 i*< ^mooina 
*np»an hk na «inyn^ 'ikii /"biao «iDn* nmxn ttria'ora nKsai bi»d 
4.D»»nan pnpTn naoaij^ 'bwo tipo*' iKina nip'jn >5; '^lao «]Dqi» nia»aoa 

.vatt^an ,'«it3'a^ ottrn naana histd vfvm .(nnipa Tran=) tjpi oa'a 
]"san' Qwa as K^ai tt^anu^a ,D'aaiian o'Kityn ^a ]rsV K'ai *?sk ,"»iaKa 

5 ,»t5pj oa'aa nam* — p'on nK 

Kin »iK Dpi; Kwn laKa ^j?a ,(mbvn oj? Kitr =) ii 'n ^ 'n ^ k y a k i ur 
6.«"nyn 5?a inKin kw* ik 6,*«w n'nyn^K ya Ki^y'Ji// :|a'on mH»n ]wV 



,nnmi man niVKttra nwp Kin la^Ka "pp lun* ova ]Ka ^bwk k^ 
nin"a) n^ana da ,*|tjp f ap* ia»sa Kipaar na |»ai wa on»n n^Kty |n»i'a 
nwp n^K 'iB^ ^H^ on'niattr n»5?a in^a .p'on mixa aa^ (amaan !?sk 
naaw n»n»n Kin "pp tjon/, p'au^ maisrn axjri ^p^an misa aa paa »^a 
aa^ana p^aaa BS?!?a pK annnKi 7 ,innix nK iKnb b'e^k3 anaa 'TaVn 
K'nu^ 'BD nDiT^B na n3»K n'jranv nn'aia ,ina'naa a»5?ian «^a'iBiB v\ uy 



.278 '»y ,a»ij?n^» ni>KO"> .1 

.'« 4 'ay fitJin — nns oys .2 

,n ny ,t]nbs axna ,pA3 .3 

.26 'aya is, ^y 'I .4 

axnaa nwa jas Vss »a "opa oa'a.w ]"is»i .iss -ay . /a Tia /S-an p» .5 

— 'apa no, ,Van— "apa yai8„ lasi) "lao )ias ,^nDi »i»sa mjjiia na»n iis^nV yai»l>« 
.w 1B3 •n'nii?a 'n, — 70 'ay /(isea /iriKioayiD 't 'sw) a^asi a^an i&oa pi iO^-ix 

.»a 'ay ,swn lasa .6 
«) 1 B n flap nnyaii na»»a !i»nji nbana I'ln i»iBiai, .- 25 -ay ,nnia »i»a!»n "1 .7 ■ 
f a p mipan n*>"isi nasin iwns tj 1 b n f a p wina ft»n i»ina win »ia n»ni ainaa 
,tjBn fap nmn' pw^a sip^n nti« : sa 'ay „p» pi ."...nnip-j »n»i ^ns 
.87'ay ,D» oa "11 ." ...nnipa 'a «in» «awi Vna fap «in na iniipa niisti 
nnaai ,B"a— n'a -ay »»l»ia5»8 nal>» "iV Ka» nia»Vn luoa oa '11 /a 6 »ay p"aB .8 

.n'» n«»p D»^nnV iin^ai /a i"d o»SinV »b^ 



inn pns 26 



aaiian ,Dtt^n k2»i ntj^ur ]a mn' niaiiyna . n ^ n a n n ' n d i n y » : n 
.'a'jjyn mpa laa ,nKiaa u^a'w Kini /ny'an^ ,''nann// ^a^ o'awinn nnsa 
njr»an« «liTsa id nn«i ,(nTD u^wbt 'n«sa k^ ix) na^a yi »w*? nhmn 

'nnD// d'i?'ns;n niaiz^n nnna mj^o!? oipa n'nB^ inna .nno ^un 
."nnoi Kw« 027^ inKTina "r'aipon >nnK naia^ dnw na-in .nno-ejon^ "itsn/zi 

7,'nnfi «]tjn// — ira naiann mixn nn oa K'aan pu^sin Him ,'«it3n nnOi, 

8 .p'»Da m nKitain 
»]Dn/y nia'aea npa^ 'lini dim ny wia^u^a iKt?i "nno «i»ni, ott^n 
Vy Kin ooiaa 'nns «)D0,/ D^yian pnpnn nso ainau? Tjp'an 9 .^nns 
VyiD »3ira dk 'a ^''kw// iv^ nntt dij? "iuH// ■j'k vbi^v; ,Dtyn ^tt^ naw witd 

10 ,nspai «]Din ]aiaa 

oa lyan n ya Hit»^ 'riann^ nnaa tt^ia'tt^n ima .iiaina ...nns 
aiw ]»aai »nr)B-eion ]V'!t'? "iianna (^inn^K) nno* a»aa*na D^iwaV 
|a in ^SK Ksaa nt tt?ia'i» .nnB-«ii3n p''^^ Kin «i8 ,ia^ 'riann., Tis'i?n 

" .nKao ]aK ^sk oa ,na 'Wtt^a ,D'ny^i «2 ,DmaK 

n 
.(-) ^woa aaiian hw^ d«7 ^^d sa «!? a'ayun 'jpHpnai mioaa .«] un 

.ann«n o^aaman cnwn ]tsV ax oaaK nirawan 

.24 'ay ,011313 '•Ta^n .1 

.23 'aj» ,9"^^ .2 

.20 'ay .©"an .3 

.23 'ay ♦Wa'i ,4 

.'K 4 'ay /oma .5 

.5 'ay /HI&oim .0 

■'<!""« Iiy '75 'ay ,niaoin .7 

♦'3 s 'By /f'ao ]iw .8 

na»n i>ip mip'i by iiasn .ik'i is ,"nnD-t]ori, ip»3a 'a 1513 'ay i3ii»»aa niin^-p .9 

♦23 'aya b»yb 11 
.50 'ay ,»iayn liPi^ia lonawia /pvnb ,'i ao 

.24 '»y li'yb '1 .11 
n»nl'« f Bp, »iB»an Q»»p inaiybi "nsina n»nb8 nns, : 582 'ay ,'« Tia ,s"ai ]M3 .12 
.275 'ay ,uv #("nanrt,) iis»i?ni .'aiy byis sVi nyiann db? sin ^sa 'titiSBK? n»aian ,(dw) 'fjsnna 

.'nnsa lianna iri^k* : 878 'ay ,a''»i?ni'K n^KOi paa .is 
.881 'ay ,'K i*)a ,N"ai b»aV ,i4 



^ »iayh piipin ^» in*»«'ia »sm ^v rhiB» 



.D'jrana D'naioa DM mnnna IKS niDOinn 

'xin xsy^a |a min* "i^ on^nan inipun »a5?D nuo - *p'OD./ 

Di^xn n»n "io^) .1565 onfl .(Mercier) oiTpTa |ani» 

.(TllDOplHaU^ ODwn 

.maon txw V«iav "iV wjinoK^K axna.p nD'ban in» - 'Wxno«^K anna* 

,224 — 205 'ay /a aixaipij?a Doma 

D011D — .na"?*?! I'^^N inn nNVT ^KysKl^K anna - •|»^!?H axna* 

The Weak and Qeminative Verbs in naoa M. Jastrow "5^ 

Hebrew by Abu Zakariyya Jahya Ibn Dawud of Fez 

.271 — 235 'ajr ,known as Hajjug, 1897 

«]»'?Kn ,n73n^« axna ]a bi«'?K n^K mi ya^^K anna - 'yM^ aKua* 
'aDif?^K HKya ]aK ]Kna vb^bm 'as iwira^H »imVK 
.1886 ,x*iiam " 'xin ^pipian nai' 'la tiaaa^K 

ii'aKiasr^K naV^« l»a iiaTKia^K aNna p ntj'Van in' (k- "natHiaVN anna* 
- .mfion |na p pnr D»maK lan nan ii2?» ri'aiybKi 

.'K ai2taipva ddiid 
na^Vs |»a fiatKia^x asna p D'wnn o'uip'V nT»« (a 
Doma — .pia ]a D»rna« 'as^ "nmy^Ki ii'aKiav^K 

,172 — 153 'ay /a aisaipipa 

— .Hipa^N 'B ninia^» ]»ynaVK iikvt ^yatt^K asna- ^'pVna^K anna* 
.271 — 235 'ay ,an»o» ^u^ ^an naoa oona 

iiKT p »»n» Knat »aHb «inj!?K asna ]a at5»*?a,T in» - /'«in3!?K asna* 
,58-1 'ay /a aixaipipa Doiia^/aTna tiaaa^s 'okb^k 

.204-191 

pntt^a ")!? 'n»a«n^«i vann^saKna p ntj'^sn im- '"I'a'inVK aKna* 

.66-59 'ay /a aisaipipa noma-. n^Dp'a 
psa naaa^K iKDpo p pnoN 'anb «]nKsn^K asna - "tjnssnbK a«na* 
Riaaa ,manT bv naoa (k naoiia D'y»p - .ww 
nnyna /a aisaipipa (a .(xxi-xx 'oy) i /yn ,xix 'ay 

« .193-118 'ay"? maw 
naoa noma - .yn» »n^a nana nna nwn ^y laxa - "inwn tana* 

♦'V~'K 'ay ,^1;^ hv 
.1854 ^'poiiKB'^a 's 'm ,Dn3a mana- 'anaa* 

.1876 ,*]nKioaynB 't 'sin ,bmn nnioan niana- *'n^na niioa* 



na»6D« tjlana^ xiip Kim *»i»* ]aR»> d^k D'yap bn"^ D»3btt 13% Dia« alsaipip .1 



inn ]ifi« 28 



]vt'? Q> T p'o m?» ^331 Tan lans di^d : kibk K»n n'jran i .di»d in«ina 

jnunann^aai ii7BK?i !?Da o'ai r 'anaa iij?'3n tit'iik a»'n j?na^ t&» 
^sr npSDtt naiTpn |na »nn« pi .Dn»^« n»'a na nsr '^ nn^n «V nj^sV ^K 
D'Nnan otj^n riK a^an ^a^i p'o ^a^ yiap^ n'n» ^iztdk '^i« ,nb» niVnw 

.D'pnpian 'anaa on^ 



W. Bftcher, Die Anfange der Hebraischen Qrammatik, Leipzig 1895.— 'iaKa« 

J. & H, Derenbourg, Opuscules et traitfis d'Abu 'l-Walid — 'maa*n* 
Merwan Ibn Djanah de Cordoue, Paris 1880. 

K> Levy, Zur Masoretischen Qrammatik, Texte und Unter- — '*1^« 

suchungen, Stuttgart 1936. 

♦ ima p. Kahie ^ttr D'pna — "ribmp,, 

'^Historische Qrammatik der Hebraischen Sprache des 
Alten Testamentes, von H. Bauer und P. Leander'', 

§§ 6-9, pp. 71—162. 
n. KoKOBUOBib, "KHHra cpaBHCHiH eapeScKaro siawKa cb — *'K aisaipip* 

apaficKHM'b" A6y H6parHMa (McaaKa) Hdmb BapyHa, 

HCnaHcxaro espesi KOHua xl h Hanana xii B-ibKa; 1893. 

n. KoKOBUOB'B, HoBbie Marepianw ^,nil xapaKxepHCTiiKH — "a aiSaipIp^ 
lexyAM XaSiOAJKa, CaMynna HarHfta h H-i^KOTopuxi) 
ApyrHXTb npeAcxaBHTcnefi CBpeftcKOvi (jiHnonorHHecKOH 
Haynft HI) x, xl H xll B'ibK'&, 1916. 

/a /x D'Dia ,tii?o b^m 'sin 
,1855 ,70iiKB»^'& 's '2tin ,013^ ]a rran niawn ido- "Qmn lai i»jn* 
,|iKa nnyo 'ai !?y tJia^ ]a mSt B^an niawn ido - "a^o-j Vy wan* 

.1866 ,R. Schroter 'Jtm 

'Sin ,"ittrK p fiB^a p pHK '1^ D'ayDiT »pnp>T ibo- 'tj'npv 

.1879 .pSIBttTl 1S?a 



197 'Ujn 35 '»y ♦aiyfi vom^ vniiyaai /i 'j>n iSi iny Kiajja aiiaaii ^»ai» "> .i 
Quelques remarques sur les voyelles h^braiques iiaK»n viao^ m qx\ }1 >yn 
'126 «njr /(i88g) XVIII i'^^ R^J ,(chez les grammairiens juifs avant Qamchi) 

.3 'sn M 'Djr /H a«aipip rjsi 



l'3i-i"jii naui niuiMM a'aoii ''EiKa'3K„ 

(178 - 167 '03^ ,n' "uaw^^ "V) 

lU'na sinw « nnK yup Ksaa 'wnan oiK'nan ^tt^ nt'wn »yt3p |»a 
nwnna yuj?^ lama «in aiij?! ,'paiTsn nair 'usdVn^ ih *natt?aVK 'dkd^h* 
2 .*i33w^/, bB^ nmiph inaina aonanau? ^^yi nnyo aii? nas^aVK i3NB^K.y 
naisn iTiisa mia 'itt^n >]nn .omay nyaiN n»aw rit ytsj? »ai^xna 

;aaDin nn .-jni8a (a32) pina onpian Ksaa p ^yi ,n"iDoa 

Ta rs — a'a n^Bnatj^ — « 3i 

• K*a t'DD ~ ra n*D " a 3i 

K"a TB I'an'sr — 3i*a a^aB " k 32 

a»a a'as - a'a T*'B * a 32 

ip^na *|» 'ip^ (31) ana inKi an^nvni tt^iV^ra -jp'ya d«ij?'? d^bth »3ir 

.d'jw nmpa iritya »ipSi nK a'^u^n^ 'n^inttrn .pnnnn 
,a»o 16,5X12,5 :ainani .a*o I8xi4 xm !?ni3im n»»3 3Q»ann 'au^ 
»» .naa^ 'ij?!?n 3i ^la .nKnj?^ nnnai nrawa nrniKn .'mta 'aai ana 
- Q'Jinnnn Q^^iu^n ia a'Knai 'ip^ i3'«tt^ ,32 «i7a i!?»ki may ^aa nnw 25 
.nnia»n may ^tt^^'ann iBoan n'n nniiy28 iBoan »a ,*iajioa ,t\rm 28 
nvKa. inr ]ap nin niiK'ai n^a pa .o'nina nra nt aniBa D'aiyn 
ir^yn p^na mitt^a mipa nan^ nnn iny |»a w» a'ays^ .inawa^ Tiy |'a 
pnB |»a .Btt^ laa »na»Tjr pwa na wi na'K ^aK ,Dnipn yapa laa niNn ^ur' 
B?f Kxaa a»ayB^ .Tiy^ Tiy pa larsa nni» miin a'aya!? ^na pnB^ 
p,"jBn DTzr nx 'a«^a B»naia nnN ays.Bmsn »3wa B'^m B»mn pa pnan 
naaan b\? naia nt yopa .]WKin yapa nman^ naaa pa laa B'lap o»^ia»y 

.ims »:wa a'^m B'mna pi ("B'an'y*) nwinn 
.«IVk IK ir nrnwa p'fiyan iirantt^n nnittrn «]ioa 'pbn t»j* nVab na 
nwawa K^nura ns niKn hk pi p'nyan ]"s nvanpHn nnipaa 

:lj IK ^ aipaa 
.(i5'B?)ns'ba-K32j(i6'w)nsap i(i2 'tj^) asp i(4 'ro) i^iy— asi 
Taan 'aiyn n'a-«i^Kn ^ar ni'mKn iKva nra'ipKnn nnipan pion 

.niK'ai yapn riK'ip by 



aiw") D»m>sna i^»«"i ,»»nw»»i nianaa oiwin 'bV 32 — si d»bi ,M8. Or. SBsa C .i 

.niyea Di>xn d»i» (P evs?) Or. bbbo C 
»jroa »a»a omj lasan .p»8in j>Bpn j]Vni» h'ij?" ,178 — 167 'ay ,d» 'haoifiti? no .2 

♦n'BiDrt innana unnwn^ »n^is» s^ )3 ^j>i ,n'»iajm T.T'ana^ ]iaan »3"aj?a ilDii'Ka 
mT'Ido finiKa mp'a ny»a »»nia'»h 'b^ «ln ii«»nn •& 



1M1 pn» 30 

■*■ ' ■ I '■ 11 " ^ I ' l l.. 1 i ifc . . . ■ ■ ^ .. . I i ir I H I I ■ I 

Kipa '33 m nnij?^ nmanp 'tjip'b iiDoa ,ip?03»D 
.tj'sp - a»Bp 'ajr /1860 ,nnbiff iiBtnv»'^ni 
Qo*iiD s;t)p - .'•r'MDopn ejoT "1^ Dniai ms? lao- *'Dmm my* 

/a _ tj'^ 'ay ,'i^ ^a^ neoa 
|a m.T ivn ,Bna^ |a 'iVn wan tb^h maiiyn nso — •tt?*a'n* 

.1870 ,pyDttr 'I 'Sin ,r\v;^ 

iin^a) 1887 nbfitt^TH 'n 'sin ,"'i^n min» "i^ (nnan 
.('31 p'o 'j'aT -jauai /d la^o ^aiz^ naHa 

nKyj|a«|KnaTbi!?K'aKV^'non^»i anpn^K nVKOi- 'anjpn^K n^Non* 
,342 — 268 'ay ,niam ^12? neoa qoiid— .'ainp^N 

.Diaab 'a 'sin ,p«a nnyo "i^ n-j's» ibo tt^ii»a - *ro*i* 

|a« n'n) pno ]aK apy» ]a tsnaa 'Ta^n maiwn leo- "onaa 'Ta^n* 
't 'Sin ,(n»^'Bp'a |a« pnx'i th ]aK min» .inuj? 

,1870 ,pyi5tt^ 



nai »('« 6929 'ay) min»-|3 ii^»aa T' ^^^a "STi^,, Tiya o^nra nesiw .•]'\^vti 'pv imsm 
noK oioa ia sii?j» ,i»»a /K»ii?# d»V anpa ,ri»niTn iraisa a»n iipn, :*i8wn ]»a law 
niw /Slfc: laa ntnaa oi^n nsiin ipyi *ii ^jr it niipa 'n» innis, oaw »t:D(paa piosn »bs>bb 
nipab Dsnna .»iipa u'r /Tidd ♦pnpiaa naa ia iinaw ,satf a»nan .-aiya nira .nwa 
'ID iipya p'on »a»w njrw^ was ,niyijnn tipaa p^na »bi ,pioB la'os ".nwn ^» 
...nann man »3dV n^aa n p s n sVs vnyian ion »b t]«i niyiann p njrun s^ ]»s^ 
,"...«]Dn 'laya iKaai ,KDB»n Nipan "ins p'O «i»n |b»o 'paa Ka p'^j?n Ttpaa 



f?Br nu'no pVn nt n'nw pn" .(n-K. o'piB) paiTjri (lion ijr a'a n*s) 

.D"oyD jiT'Jxn mo'tt^ia natan /pan^yi na^r 'dkb^k^ 
bv wma n»aa B^»Ka inwn^ v* d^ik ,nia»nn nana as? nyi^ |»k 
.D'pia»an on n^si .a'p'nyan 'Ta a"ii»B^ai niaoina lasjr Ji*on »^ini ,^0*1 
TO .maiai maifiK :niw |bik3 a»5r»pn »3tt^a lariBwe^ a»ansr (k 
,|iia :b'bdw a'anj? nvi^ijrV i.i'jra :iirait nmax a'^aa -jKiaa 'w»^tt^ 

.B'yapn inna »aiyn nwan nan — nnwi np'jr 
.Q'»nw IK nn« n^aa niK»an tjt (a 
biaai iWKin yapa (42) niaaVa a'anjra "yna* n^aa wia»tj^n (:i 

.'Jtt^n yapa (14 .IV) 
,(52) nvyaw |WKnn yapn ^«^ a»anya *V«p»i* n^aa wia»Brn (i 

.(50 ,11) npn'V 1(1 ,11) nana :»aBrn yapai 
anwai a'ai^'a ^b^ ni^VVan ni«»an »anna |n n^K »a ,naiV aipa »* 

:n'?H a'pia'3 «]»BinV »» nanaa a'on na: .a"a»an »a»a 
pVn nam ,'naKsy* wnawi nt yapa Kxaa (12 i) 'naaia* inyn (k 
a.^nmwa* n^an nwnBw a^'an awnna i^»hi ,(? nnnK nKmna) iny.n win'B hv; 
-.n!?»Ba :wiw a»ni8»a i«ain a'yapn "»aw^ a'anwa a»any »3ra (a 
pBTNnn srapa - a an p ; 7 nyi ynp : »3a^n yapa ib'm ,«]K'xb^k : |w«nn yapa 
B'Van wnBM »a ,a'tt?n^ na^BK .]KxaK^K aanr :»awn jrapa iV'hi ,8nvsnp 
a.B'yapn «attr nanaa ran^ nM»a |Ka |»ki ,|n3n |'»3yV annna naw |BiKa 

.8»snn-f -nn a'!?ttnn' ,311 a'a»ana ,B'aiK3in nsi« ,]»iV a»a==B'ai«an nxw 

.a*Bnn B»^t5^in» .''nr'aa^n pna a^awjin niawn ,«ib8 'w = «)b8 

.I'Vna ininna nna ^y a^aiKJin tyin»B ,|'»avBK y = i»»awB8 

.n'Bnn — a nnana .K*Bnn k nnana 
.n'Kia'w '« nnnna >isk^k aKns ,my> |aK nav = ^ixk^r 
laKn'i'i ,'a8BK^N yB«'a ,'8kb^« annan |a nn = 'bkb^k^k yaK'a 

.1945 a'n 1936 «»n 

.1934-1923 Wl ,IV-I B'Dna ,Die Flora der Juden, I. L6w=ny^ 

.Tnn amaaynfl ,inyn nnana ,|innB na^t^ = pnnB 

.1929 a«n ,n'V»a»8pB ,|BBiKp 1^t n»-ana ^nau^an = pawp 

.rann a»Vwin» ,naiyan ]w^ nxw .'paaiaip '"n = 'paaiaip 

.1887 ]»^na ,aniaan»n nnnna ,ninna nna ,'iia'a p nwa t^r. a'aan 

.III - a32 t IV - K32 J n - 331 {I — H31 : B'aawa rapn nmy 

.79 ,a ,otJiMn -is)!? '*]r .1 

fiys a»iM pba'jait •» »1»i» ^» inaxa ns 'n^a'p ,*iB8Brt na^ns »na»'D» 'hhs .8 

•aiip Tj^iaa i»l»}> a»»nV ni»i »ii hoKi ,»iBKa^ Tiao i«3 etna lasan .nf>naK& 
•niinK D'i'B inayiB inntjrai ,nt 3>»p 'bj> sipw ,is^a '» i*il' niia »a»in 



»iiVii .TBhi 32 



:»i?^tt Tip'3 npia niDjra Q'^m i?i 
» (14 '^) D'»o1p I (7 '») -»»y — » 31 
1(13 'ttT) abjrg-aai 
.(18 'tt^) ]»Ditt^s 1(17 '«?) nlTja t(i7'tt^) mina — »32 
.mipai ip Nin yapn .^laoa nx p'njran «]'Vnn 
/nitt^ian m!?n* W oma'n niair wis laa ]WKin yop^ Kiaaa 
D^i« ,Drn ly oisia laononjip ^n^np m'w ^ar d'-ido ma'B^na D'Kaian 
natt^an ni^a ^tjr oma'n .a'u^nnn ajr in' oK'asi ^'xnna ninfi dv nara 
n^ia m»aV ^^ia ow Kinv ij^'i ,QnDO nia»wT nu^ya dstb ona^y onara 

.naaa D»pbnb pi Hin^^ w»i 
Dwa Miiana »a ^mKim laiV |»k .nat^^an m^a — 'nai&a!?K 'UKcbKi^ (« 
nia'na n'n |WHin jrupa latatr »Da .Dmon nv/v Va*? d!?b^ ma^n^ pn nt 
mama q'st lo— 8 V»ana vnv praai ,(nnain naian^^r) ^onma n^, i^ia 
bar n»n ^'ain o'sin ^nia) Tiya «)i so — 6o ^lan loa vnw nn ,nnK 
B^ana D'ajrs va«^ »xaa nt ou? .(nt'aan 'vdj? |'a nni»a n'aiJ^n .ira'air 

2 .'poaaiiDi « |Ka n» bjr laoisnaw onDO nia'wn 
wr-nnnDi lyia ,D'yit ,Dna nmVtj^b j?n larai- D'mo^ (a 
QVQ 5.|Ki3i 4^«n»ia 3")3a n' ^y laoionaw onBO nia^wn sranna d'ojd 
nannaty ama'n r!? nbK vn »a ,nanoa .Tn'a amo 'a«r otr^n ]«xa mm 
ia«pnai .n^ia nau^aV 'na'na o'p^n nVk ,D"at:^ i» nnn inoV pn n^'nna^a 
i« inns nwii nay onnKn D'p^nm ,Q'pVn pn ma'tt^in 'awn n'a 

.na^a omo oniH^ nanna »a ]an" d^ik .nan 
xaai pan'y-,natt^ ,nia*ja :|na yaiN^ pn laraV— mnaoa^ (a 
nNna-i^iR n'"^y laoiDnatt^ ^aneo nia'^*) wr^a D'aye vv — Rina 
'niy iia'nn f?!?ia D'ayo .to^poaanei 9|na 8>sntjia 7,i]or fi^QioanaR) 
naB^ naoa URaia a'ayo .]'an'yi naur^ pi wnia'tt^nai in»a ninaoo 
nnnR mnaoaV aa B'ai^»ai ni^a ma'n rn pao '^a .lasy 'aaa nia'na 
»a .p'on^ V inR nxa .|na yaiR niaur pi nya a'Rsaa nipaai t'vfti bv 
.nttryab na^n an^ iB^a'wi nnnRB nnr naai na^u^ ninaoa nVR rn 



>LXXII, REJ ;665 ;(rT3i9» 'DKB^K < D«»}rB) 6«9 '»!> J ,Texts gnd Studifis a 

.178 ;I66 'JSy 
.(nitt^sVK 'BMfiVK) 120 '»y, XII ;185 '»3r /VIl ,ZfHB .3 

.(m»a lyiai D»»it) 200 >ny ,XXXIX ,REJ'.8 
IS6 '&y 4G27 pii«-i«a Jewish Studies in Memory of Israel Abrahams a 

' *(mim) av ; (D»n») 

.(niino) 685 jCb'yiJ) ess 5(o*S>iO esa /aj> ,(i niyn) ^"an *jt3on ,6 

(nisia) (8tt 'ay ,13 neo n»'>p <tiDaia«=) 52 '»jr ,XIII »JQR .6 

i(8ina Kaa) aso ; (I'anyi r)iv) 2U 'ay ,n» »ibo n»*ip •? 

♦jpaiiyi naw) ib6 «ay ,(9" myn) V'an iBon .8 

.{t)vo) e65 'ay ,(i myn) ^"an iBon .9 

.(na» naoa (i) ^[ii\^ 12a /ay ,XII »ZfHB *i« 






/A Tirn i>. -ji' 



5'^l3^:t ■ *31 






M ^Ji. 



r^ u 






itnb» n*»fii 



34 



» 31 

[n«inso nnns] n^Vaa niauD nywaa 

[ nijjian ' y Taan^K d^jio nnoa 

, .[ . ]pi . ' nfiDoa . ;, ,.ni2rK>naa,; , .;, 5 
[ art! ]a] i« nsD |a :i?»i?KyB pDiaapa TiaNsj? 
[nms »^s^ am |a aKnj^K ^Tsr a'?an!?H ^na pnsaa >iaa. 1in8[ ] 

. [iTxaiis D^flaa mia ns'a nioj? ynn^K pw 

[ ^ nj^nVai npy>B:*?'!a 3«?a n^ap:T»!?ai3 lo 

|^ rjia] a^Kan mra. ^ pn aao .'wx ; oin 

. . . .[ ] |o^ asp npnjiip nahifl;|tt^ nssma^ja 

K^K2v!?K Q'aoip oni^K n»a?s , . . •nnajr^ 

. [ii]i«»nxa.fli'»nB . fKis« ni!?5?t . , n«>na ni?^^ 

' ^ai!?K'pni?Ka npa sroptiVK jrwpn ; \ .maniDjnu 

[dnjB^fa iiKrNDy D'aupJK/ , v; laKoa.mapb.Koa; 

[na]V[' iNa]oa ai!?xn naoa .: ,^aK^ ]?aira . . / ;"7;ipjr 

[na»D]5? n^au o . bm-Vn. :o :ai^xa^K 

^ noiani bKa]8^[K]^K ^is«4nb«!?annK/ jriip 

[piiDH-'a] nn'sn »««?%;- ";i«»3k p w?i 'ibr . 

nsjr ] y'33{n!?..n^a r^ rr[n^av-,nViBn] . 
]nDN^iJK.|n]>spi5r\,:-, ; .|[,. ; ■ , ::;i.> 



li 28 



»nnJii3 s>ii» '3»si »"jisa na»V» i"»y ]»» .i 

.ipa ni?nmw ^^-au '"nsa nsa it nba ^itb .2 

»"^'B„ : Ti» jiDDina n»3W lanaai Apntu r\b» ni'ms .3 

0"»i i« D^in mi»^ ^ya Ka »"naa A 



a 31 

ipm 1K31T mian nitu la^o [n^j?a i^naoaj 

' ; WBs ^ , , ;yn3?i j^ie nb'Dt) ♦j?'i<b:Si [n'K^ijo") |7nB] 

■ n^riwn ; "^rt^^ niapsur mar nviiBtJ] 5 

■. ^ ' " ;■ 'ninxiSD naipna nnitp p aip[3 ^'syo] 

. "ao^^^^^ aimm ^aVan' ; ' TaV^ j[nnD] 

'niiban sH'p^ mop^ nubj? kb^k p Vo' oH» ??"»] 10 

'tt^ai' VDW^ ^ ai?na,mp[a]3 ^va is[y]a [nxna^K] 

u ^ >ii^« t3i3'' asp' Tita.i . ^KSSiK^K 3»n"» [ooipan] 

. ■ riino iriK d^5?j . -nTio liit p nKaK[^3; nnaao] 

DiDanv f ahh» pna j/i^vfbi nxi^n pm op3[B mnKi] 

V &t^pnr\ ''' ''. h'V'^iT Diiv^ "»*3 ^ **'?=* T'^'^^ ' D[t?'] 15 

; > n^^ ' nsap won pOBa[^«l 

■ intnaar • ^ nir »aji» ^a-inn^ ^Dnj?avTs!?H'fpK3] 

aiaii ^ --aanieVR iT]?^ iiaVs ita 3 's p'aPN na^a *b 

[ ' : ^5-^- r\-'r'^''}ivnh» nKsy VKp»i 'jtki^k 4yVH ai33K [n]Kin] 

V rfl^^^ nan 'bi nna»a k'*io^« kb [O'^pi 'a] 20 
-•;:':., J :p,^Qi^^^,^,t, ♦n^nai anaiaVK Tao^pnp'y oi3] 

. a^inii!?K pi -ppjr ptt^ . ppT^b ^Np'[i - 
; r / : :;-^^^,naq[1^ lay] 13113 ^'aD»n y3iina[VK vfmnt]] 

:,:, <inH;iBainpi^n nji]sa onVn ]i'iin D'»i[ttrp i^k] 

.;/r ; ; ; ■ ■- -^ ^- -^i^TJP'oo iks;]b?^« npjr naao [xnrap] 25 

- : ;;[0'^Bp» Vyi^N ii»D f?v]3a nivisp ] 

. ;J.;:'\^ . nrw |»s?»sa' n'aya n?ii?a] 

.■■■':.':' ;i >'^'- ■■■.:. ^;",i--- 1 28 



♦lip'na ]0»es niiipan .nnn«^ n»»jn?n n;>an i>» n»aijit3»i .2 

.«7 /I I '»jr .'jiaon ^w iTDiaitsn .1 
;n'nnKV n«i»n nVnn ^ip n'o-iaiuM km ♦» ,ipa hpirta it r\\>ii .5 



-^1%^ -mM^ TfillP -^m^^t^ 



■ .jmohp mifpi fin^^y ^%. r^>>v f w^ ..^^ 

1imi» ^rm ©b^^-S' T?*T^7t->T4-.f >i ,r?Ni:;r*: 



^ ?» 



"12**»%£*1\ 



ll!^Ka.IL^ 






•plan Dw pn - nvK noa 
(iU . . .) naKxj^ [ 1 pi-npob? 12 x ,1 

WKI^ DID ,|^»Xr= 

DaiDi .naKJtjr nna'aini noiai unaa^a K»att nsDU Tijr >ish^« 

in .3i» niatj^*? maann nnnan injrn "jri .(nowDna =) niwaa 
♦158 'ay ,«ioK inBtJtt ^^y ,inv f54 'ajr ,K»n ,naw ,D'aiNjmxi« 
(?)nnK[tt^ an'T |a] i« ,yxfi |a p'^K^a — I'pwjc? 13 

( . . . ^i 0- jl 5^ ^ jJU-) ant ^^ IK no3 ^«? D'uio = 
•I'tJUJO ,^ny '71 /^'Diaio : K'ai pD'ano : iia^n » D'piaae : |aDiKp 

]n t'Diaaoi : nouD iny ,iny ; 54 'aj? ,K*n ,nattr ,D»aiNxn nsi« 

n^nV nyi n'jrnsa p'l^ni ,nDt)i»3 d'snapi »ant b» ni«ViP^Tjr I'aa 

.(|»D»aio) 158 'ay ,«]0K I anr ^w o'aiai Doioai 

(^jJi j:^ jrb) 'a^an^N Vra jpriKaa-^w? 14 

Tasia3...= 
U'Ni ,i?ina^ p'^van wp»a iV»«a n'Kna *pnH3a* n^aa r»nn nnnp 

yupn WITS .las bw ne^a : 55 - 54 'ay ,K»n ,natt^ ,D'3iKan isi« 
»Vaa iiy ,iny "y .layn nsnxa ]'!?inw nyao :iiaVna laa Kin 

.n^ya*? 159 'ay ,«]ok 
o'^wiT mis [IK] 'tt^Tpa [mis »!?y a.rn p 'aKn]VK - ry 15 

Q'^B^iT mis IK iTTpan mis [npipnj nai anr iv nitty = 
»B nai^ya-* d^Vwit mis '^y ann '>ixt\^ :n»a k^'s ,n>^a ^a'aai 
.KiiiDiaa yn nai "yi .'naVu^n vd ^yl 'vy 'ao iV'iVi pom 
115^ «Tiy ."IK* nVa^ pbn Dipa '*naa |'ki ,nvn» »tt^ipaa i'im 

.D^sni* 

(d'^'Snil ciJU) D'^'DD^K «]^J — [Q'?'9?D] 16 a ,1 

p^'Dnn 'na = 

(ILJ) [n^'anjn-ff'??!? i7 
" yap .nViao== 

y!9i? ips'iKp 
Dam k!?i .K'a Ji'SD ,Q»!?a .a'aain pi t{jj>) tin a ,63 |"dwbk 

.]ia3 piKa aiiaai'i 

(^ja)i) yn^K-i'n''?^ 18 
par= 
•ll'l^ca J p^' I pBiKpa laa 

(sS_,i f 4^-1) ""'"''=» » n'S'a - niipp 19 
nan^a yaia.nii^B yaiD== 
lay 0Ki!?K »B Vyan »'1^k mnVK n'su :n'a k*"b ,D»Va ,Q'aai 



*ii^« n»am 36 



X 31 lisy 

(?<»^) nj;i3aa [ -(!)ni9n?] i a ,n 

.nj?i3a nymnn nnnw na ^nnwp nr^xn ni"nnij^ 

(;ik) n^Vaa-nlaiai 2 
naaa nwn^ = 
(oiji^v*.) [n«nnxa - ninny] 3 

lb' 'ip^n '*naa .nx ^15? /dkd^k^k yau's 'd f?5^ 'na^wn nwn»D 
'na^iynt? n^an pi nrn^ n^ia* k'hi ,nwp nnK n^a witd^ oipa 

wnpn ^Dpn == 

a^nn niann^ = 
» nt iip'3^ y^oa fi'aisr^ oiAnnni a^o? paiKp laJo? :p9' 
nanaura ^tt^ '^aa «?»* :miiT |a »a3ij»^:a ,w niv niaVna 
1 1»1' na m'on nn ,|asi»p "a^ |iiana bki .(iw iniaai) 'a^n'b 

.(wan R^a) a^oj" : 'poawip 

a^nosKn ^12^ ysnanan »inn = 

.n?»wa3 : pV' f W'oiDia "jai 
.aira >iai ,iipsr :k^i ,nia 'nnnai nnKVins^!? pn ''naa oipa w' 
"V .mKSjr vi*)pin n^Dioan. :39 'ajr ,K»n ,ran»v ,n»aiKan isis 

.yyianan »in^ |Ka naiiani ,'tn 

(jjju-.) inoa - [pip|] 7 n ,n 
mao ,miio = 
.•n"tta Hpraa xniro 'b wiDiaoa nppo)// : i3 ,104 ,|"d»dk 

(^.*dl) Ta'an!!»8-D?io 8 
nniaizr dsj? |ip»n = 

.of so :|aDiKp 
[ -fil]awg 9 

(-.Ld d)^A o j^y) '''^S?n»» 118^ n»B ni^ - |1b»?? 10 
•na»^^ pp laar wnp = 

{ji'jii) nB^p9»-*'P"«]i? " 
iiD'pn == 

KM It n'i'a D'?iR >r'P "' OH mua '3'ki nnK nw nnttr "naa 

,Vix«^K 'B ^jr »naVu^n\iiR»3 n3ij;»n m'nM 



39 l»an»j>"i na» w»ao d»bdw '"bsb^r^ 

,«]0K iK'Vj »ai3? |np!?a puri naa^i no» :H^a) l^ia 

.186 'ajr ,iv .«is^^ f (dU) itt^in :i6o 'ajr 

(^/) oin~[on^]25 1 .1 
|3ia=: 

(crt*A i ^) T'an I 'aao - 'Kaa 26 

^bV lOINa ,11^3 = 

(^Uj) aV«»T — n'Ta 27 
(14 TJj? 'jr) D'Tas = 

finia :|aBisp 

I'a ]»t'''DatJ^ nh^bv ii n»*ini» : 62 'ay .K'^n ,naB^ ,D':i«3;n isix 

.1 nnia .iny j(nnia) i6o 'aj? ,«]0K {"...^laaV ^laa 

(^- 18 j^) ['Ti» ">« ^»3 - "^I^a] 28 n 
nattj? nas na'nn 18 'tj^a nneua = 
nanK nns |n«iP3n pna : i mym ,i ,74 » 3 - 2 ,75 'ay ,|"Bt2?fiK 
«lisV« 3?»p 'HI ]'a"ia i^^n a^as ,D'Va ,D'aann »nrvm na'aurn 
las nia'nn Dni=) Tia nnaa inKiVNi htjis^k j?*Ta'?Ni jKniabm 
,natt^ ,D'ai8an isih »(''^1ai, T^n' pi&^ai o^itsp n'DiBiaoi inir^Bi 
.(n"aiy na^tt^n) ^1a .tjij? >(n3WK*i nnbvn) 5 'ajr ^a^n 

(sU-) n«sn - *i3is 29 

T^ia 'p^' iiinowa pBiKp 
(...^1 ^ L^^ ^-,) [ ] |0^K asp nana lo-n^o^n ]i& 30 

...(?) ]B^n nK ^n^ nnt ity = 

(sj>) nn'a-y?5 31 1 
»»iyan ,naiD pH = 
nanar nijrina ^12^ od ?s?^o inai :63 'ay ,K'n ,nav ,D'3iKan isir 
.(161 'ay ,«]OKa nip^) nma 8im Kipnn «„.^ 

(o-j>il) 0'n9N — flT? 32 

ains yasi nnwaa t&awan 'aa'ii nas = 

ntja^a ^Aia nxsi^a; naa rr'a's :63 'ay ,8*n ,nattr ,Q»a"iKan nsis 
.Ky^K na 'anx pttrba nnMx |mpi na-in ktim.tz^ aipa 

(LUiiJI ) K»KS[ir^^]« — ti»95'j? 33 
D'ao'p ,D'aaT2? = 
d'aolj? t^'naa jo^app ipBWp jI'W? 'T'' 
.(f y=) Tiy : a^a a-'B ,dn* ,D«'aai > f y DO»p '»b : 10 ,135 'ay ',]"BttrB« 

(oL joj) nK'na - ni»a^» 34 
ni'xn'a = 



»31^K ,1»Bn3 . 38 



.24 'ay) ]»'DWBK .(3ipn nya^a tt^Kia ou^v "jtna vais-j '?»np'?» 

m^j^) [n^Kajis — D^^gjB 20 a ,i 

M.tyiTi) t3"Bjan« jQibttr nw a-j lyn's x»aa ,12-8 ,24 'ay ,'i"t5a>i)K 

Tin |a Vya : n"a h^'d ,q'Vd ,Q''aa'i ."...ntsrim ^ty ]'^»3a paa 

^na '»Vya=) apo'a Tina n^Van ai'S' x!? 'a pb'nbK :oa» 

.(^iD'i Vtiaa Y>^3n ni'ain ^bv; na o^^ain nroan 

(?) nVnVai npy^a ^»a - n^ala i\»??i3 21 % 

noi3]"si n?5l33K?i ikj?33 :|i9' jn^a^sa K9ni'?9ft? n»s^»P 

.n^aia .ns'Vaia :(iiaoa ]»'y) D^aisan i2i» ,H"aa pawj? 

las : STIBT 31 *B^ Q'tt^n^Q 'jtt^ 60 'ay ,K''n ,n3» ,D'ii»jn isik 

: ]wni 3") 'fibi ...Q^B^an ■'«?ni3 ini« ]»D'pair niDy ]'a3 p33 

...nV»^3^ nan vDn^ ts'i&sn 

(sj>^i) niK^i? - n^9|2 22 
i?3y= ' 

J 1 ,25 -12 ,24 'ay .'("at&as .« nitt^a3 K'n »3 ,pa3n mo3 nrK n^an 
,D''3ain tpiv = Qi:^) Ki?a'3a ;54 'ay .icn ,n3irr ,Q'3isan i5£is 
minVN 'fl 'aoa^K ini j?jy!?K 's ^ya' 3n"i inio in : n^a n^'s ,d'^3 
t)3im D^'3 'D b'3ini 3'i3n n3iy n3ip'na 3n'n tt3 'T3in 1y>^ V2i 
nii?K'i invji 3i3n 'T3in Ti?i ni?y3a 'aoir ^y^l i?3y^N '•Vy 
p3y'?8 Vin nna ^R'aVa snaa ^ayi n'SB is sn'n w^a ^d 33im nati 
]ni iKm3 ]ia'iy» 3nT nnt&nv =) ms'joi? 'aon"» ^b'^ ya'jn k'S's 
D'ann ,D'3ii?3 3nt nnn D'ayD*? inp'i *t»31/, nnin3 ms-npa 
D»ays!?i ,''i?ay// Kipa nn n»iiS3 aia'ts^n i3in3 on^aTi a'a^yia^ 

,^03 IK 3nT Din3 ]13'31'^ ,np131 DTINI m31D D"»a3K »3'yia inp' 

,iny i(mxt»£3i? niinpa n^Ki ,p aa itnisn 3»3D mttriiJ^]na nyyi 

.naab i58 'ay ,«ibn » ^ap ^ly 

(i,;^.) n»ai3 - n'm!?x 23 

]Di? Bnm3== 
.^1aB^ iny3 "y a^Bain mian 

(4.JU)[n'']VKa-|la^V? 24 

Bla;^'s :]a9iNp 

pay KnVi n'»wKn^K nysnia n"»ax rr'ni^s n"a ^'b ,b'»V3 ,B*3a*in 
3'a^K yKias I'sa ^y^^1 ^oa*?K mi ]ia'^B "jt!^ n'ni'js'jK ...p"s 
"•a'a iKt^b pi itt^ian «ini ...is inns 1^1 B'''^iwn n3a »b3=) 
I'nawa [p3iiya] B»aB?3 :6i 'ay ,K»n ,n3Br ,B'ai«an isik »(a'a»3n 



41 ]»ain»j>i nv na»B» o»BOii <"mtfy»^ 



ity cA 5^" 1" - 1'^'^ ^^ ** '* 

pD ,1100 = 

.Da'a p :naiiim is tij? .it n^a nKxw ]WR*in yepa 

(JUaVIJ^i) [VMMH]*K^i2tK-nlDKj9 hla« 47 a 
nniayn nnio'= 
»^iKi ^-TijaVtsna nwa »3'ki 'Vk* 'in»ni»DiK 'jib^ ^» onnu^ »» "naa 
'fiV .Vatt^ - nas^a nVan nK oaina nnn»a D'aain .[^i3;tt^]!?« ^"x 
.ia'3 |innnn nvw pii ,n^s?aV n'lVn »m3«^a» i"in »b ii»Ria »Ma 

(t^Ju.) no'~noiani] 48 
naoaa anK» = 

(jL;l) 1NnN-D»»T} 49 

^jraaniipaa d'»T'a '•'naa.iroiDiaiaap'j:^^' ;0'TJ :|asiKi? 

.np'na ]a»OD nawKin TrV 
(cyl^U) [|»nt5H"a - ] mrpn '©if^ so 
lyattraasrr 
,'*mhm I'D ^s^i ,T*a a"»D ,o»^a ,D'aain '»y 
(«jiA.) nnwa» — [lo'ttf^janj si 
innnV ,iniB^p' = 

ijrawaa = 

{<Je) n[n9a' - in?la.!j] 53 
" ijrwtt^aa = 

[ -nsyjss n 
, [ - I0'5'?i?] 56 

n -m'vn)] 57 

(Dti«>i) [inBS-iOR-lOl'Sjji^ss 

»«? ^a ]a *]1dVh in f pij;i : ra a*'B ,d'^3 ,Q''aai 's !?y 'Da!?ttrn 
.(pT nsp 1^ itt^N ^nan ^a nsp Hin fp»i3^i=) p'p"' I*'*' •"'^ 

[ - l?o] 59 

.1910 ' : pfiiKp 

[ - ]m^] 60 



»iii»K iTam 40 



.n'3is^«? Minan kij? isi .nl!?^} :|aDi«p »nl9wT :]i9» 
ni '«3i .in ii"i»ij?a ^i& du^ ,i^Vn ni'?iyi m»any :63 'ajl ,«iok 
^3 nioaai i^^ht *>y ija nia'T^a] ni^iyi nraiy m«xr is 

.63 'ojr ,«*n .nnty .o'aiHxn isik > [D'aen 
(oloU) (nK'iiKo : '",133) [n]Hn«» — nln? 36 

,5 - 4 ,63 '»y ,|'»»tJ^DS 

ma — nlDiii^ 37 

iniDns nai .mans niKsr pipa aty ^y nmai :63'a5r ,«iok 
«Q'3isan ixi« I mmn by ik pKn ^j? «niu^aVtt^ aina nt nan ...u^ 

.63 'ay .K^n .nau? 
(.WsVi) yapHt^n - s'^j?3 38 n 
nn« ^n !?sra=: 
(>JI J*^:) ^'^'^^^ (pnVKa p^naa) pnK'?a -iipa 39 

hryb «]iisaa = 
.r»ia ^*it »a ,ra k*»d .d'^d^ I'j^a 'poaioip tif?vf apa : p^'i peiKj? 

(a;U) i3Hoa - n^aw9 «b9 40 

|aDiKi?a D^iK ,*»oa* nbn DiT3i2?ai ,nlDlao :]iV <nlaw9 -.peiKp 

.lanoiaa laa ]i'^»3ia 
.23 myn 35 'asr ,|"aB^9K r^ 
(oi ji^sip) nKt«ay - D'a^i??^ ^i 
noa^ ^niaa *?pa .a^ap = 
.]'a9i2}8 : iiV' 1 0?^ npn»3 i^ian nns Ti'n) B'aVi?3? : ps^Np 

B'a'JB nimna ,a'p2j; = 
n«aia 2 ,28 'aj? 1 Nipana b's^itd a'Haia — 1 ,125 'ay ,]"awBK 

.(oSp) ipjr m^'ann nnnnna iranyn n*?an 

(J?^» ^'***^'^ '^'*"? *^ 
a»3ia3rD=: 

(^jUl 4.ir A-^) ai^5ta!?K [naju^n iHa]oa - aiV^O -i^sipa 44 

ai^xn nan naoa = 

.11 ,136 'ay ,]"awDK 
(4,.iie 5Jb»-) [na"a]v n^ava - ^na ^^a 45 k ,t 
awn ^^a = 
ris '>bm^ ^'•'nsa Qipa iw •i«tt^3i .nawa 'na^u^n ]'« 'a pn" 



43 paiVyi M» W»»» D'BDW "BKaVK. 



(nooa ,«ioi3 =) ^«'sa*?K ; djiih 26 pjr ,|iBrK*in y»j?n 

(o^lik) [m'ss'tt] - vaiDS lo i 

(4jjb) niapN«^-1nB|?] ii 
iyaw»s= 
.n^nj? D»D i?n «nni n'»an nns i*»in mtiia 

(>:C-) ^nnsn - n?o^33 12 

.1 ,102 'ajr ,]"»»aK 
(<killl) [ntJB^NiaVN] — n^'T^an 13 
npnoan = 
n'3S K'ji^K «n^ nwvM "*t^n h^ia Vwi :a»a i^oa ,0*^3 .o^aai 

.(...ntt^N*) npnoa K»nv njru^a ,n')vn n a'trin ,fy '^a npioan 
np»na^ nmpaa pioar '•"naa »an inya n^an ?nin ,"»flBVtj?n vd^ 
'nmvfJiiHa 5?isj?an aiya d''!?vnV b^' '!?i«i ."naa na'i n^a^ i^nur ejKi' 

.12 Dii|? naij^aa Nin ni ^ly .o^aana laa 

p;lji)mK*T^R-[npi5l5n] 14 
" flDtt^pnan = 
.mipn "jnya "y '"naaw nt3i2?«aVK n^an by 

(w^J «inr - tt'^^ng is 
"iS?a»aa = 

(<. j2i. 4, JuS ^-.) naip'na nnsj? p - a^[j?3 f sy??] 16 
a'ij?3 vns »:tt>a=: 
|'*sai (,_,awf) f'SK n'anya i-'b^ a .118 — 12 ,117 'ay .T'tstt^BR 
nm'n ,'"'nDa it nba nn"n iV .f 'xk : aina a«'onV niana "B3 'a 

.172 'ay ,«]0K .innanab nnain tz^au^V n^ia'» 

(oU>) [nsBitt?] - nl»n?ls? 17 a ,«' 
mNiDTinzzr 
.^laoa ''yi .nlN-^ei^i :]i9' » niKnsIsp tpsiKp 
nou "i3'» oti?) 'naVtt^n vd^i ,29 myni is ,132 'ay ,]"»i2?dh 
.mxixa : 63 'ay .a^n .na«? .o'liKsn nsi» 1 (o^ai 

(J jlil) ^iHja^K — t3''tt^lan 18 
loian = 



*ii^K tfnm 42 



a 31 i)ny 
nrion WK1 : finttix wi . . . = 

,«]0N J 113'^3 : 'j?D3101i? 1 1313 : «"«! ,13^3 : p^' i n§-|3 : pDlKp 

iV v»i imD'l'OD |'Bij?Tn onaa la |':;iiKBr nr •jaian./ :i66 'aj? 
nra ni any »Din nx ]7nni ^nar 'uin p nioaajtt^ d'^'b^ o^j'tt^ 
|niK pfltt^ai n'aiara laia 'j'u^ 'iz^tn |n*)aoi laan nn ia I'aniKi 

.'I'Dinn pa iD'3a»ttr na 

(oUL) UKUNO - fl'S§ 2 r 

1 83 '»s? ,natt^ ,ci"»aiwn ijmk i yipi pio : loo - 99 'ay .p'tjarDU 

(^ ,^) QM T)v .iny 

(4^1) [nany^K - n^ij^^S] 3 a .-. 
«]ip»B^an = 
.(npnai «]^sn nnK t'ti) n^ip^s jpeiKj? »ngi?9*{ :]i^» 
riTJis nat3sa 'ni nany^s \t nsjiposT tra a^s ,ni!?n« ,Q»aa*in 
naDXK K»ni «jii?»an «'n=) pmn'sy^K pa ni'af?K axiaK ottaK 
nsiK .'na^tyn i»b ^5? .(nintan 'nip pa oTian ninVn '3B^ mop 
iT'oai noai ia laa nsipoKn "si :ioi 'ay ,x''n ,paiv5r .^D'aiKan 
,i3Noa i*^ laoa iranyn ptj^to (iiKKJfla :N*a om) nK«ana 

.(Titya :niyDa dwi) 

(aIj^j ijj^) npirai mis - lnn:is[^] 4 a 
.|KaniD^ nnna ma^ fiD»a ik n»»BW = 
"y .K*3a laa 1n^|s :pV» 1 psiKp aa ^^1 ej'bKn tiw '"naa la^a 

.nnms is nnpiya : 20 iny ,ptt?snn yupn 

.natt? .Q'aiHan "ixis ni *9 miyni 4 — 3 ,71 'ay ,p*i3B?BS "yv 
iiwa ^y OIK va'if?tt^ /iip'jya unpaid ,'*p''^'i laa :77 'ay ,a'n 
niaoa nua^ ny nyaa km oa KiaiD : pnb nm .iDia ba o^ini 
.Q'rn nnni a^n naaa D'opja D'D[']a na t&'i ...dik ^b^ 

narby n3inia = 
.lanaaa »tj?'^tr «]ia^ »ia'an hk oann k^ 

(4i«;)[nVya-l^^}5ii] 6 
iyat2^aa=: 

1?!r}5 :pflikp 
.fHa 'na^tt^n a^'a i»3d .a'Va ,Q'aa*i 'b^ 

(j>j>j) 0*^''^ .''"naa) inai iKav - niian onK-iro 7 i 

iyatt?aa = 
.D'Va yaiKa ,maiyi hnay iK'a |Ha 
♦na5:]aBiKp jp^» »B^ 'mpya 



45 }»ah»3>i flat? mvan b»ijdw "'WtA», 



(ojjH ^J-. ' -^.) P^^^»* *''»'='' ;a'sr-ilJJ?3 30 a ,a* 

D'!?5?n »ian» iiiiin'= 

1D»3 '*nDa iD'aaao ppoaioip >|ib»»B^ ianowihl3^»j?»P rpaiKp 

(.a.» nrntJ-ian || 32 
"^nw.nansr 
(!a>ij ;^^) [mnm] nino-in« o?y3 33 t 
nn« nyi no»n = 
.BVyn? :|i9» ;D?»na :pBWp 

(^dl) ^1^1 ! oi^.j) ypw^^ nKi^K t iKin- oj^acB] 34 
"ipntpaV mni^ nj?att^a3 = 

13 ,50 1 11 -10 ,41 'aj? ,|«»ttrflK 

ij?ai&aa = 

ypyp na'na aina'= 

(^;) n»:-p'a3 37 a .a' 
a^a t*D ^'y^ "S?i >ivawaa=: 
|B'oa nb'$i:h nnij?aa ^^'pa^* m'niH wi^w 'tj* »ib^ ttr» »*nDa 

.^1ao^ injrn ^ij? n'Biai»n |ni ,np'na 

(5jy j) iT^'^IT - OlTjsa 38 

naup na'aw = 
Dwa in :K'a K*aB ,Q'!?a ,D*atin ;24 aiyrti 10 ,56 'aj? ,]^»Btt^B8 
Kin ==) o"a^ »"a b'sa'B 'aoa^K nay tj^a-^K na ai'S* "i^k thh^k 
Bin lannvnt ]BiKai ,n3inHn nyi^a winn la na» i»« ,mKn pnoa 
nni'an witb yn hm ,anyn mn=;far(»os 1 onp ^iny »(nan^ 
,VpT ^BT a»oa nan« nyn» .•xniauiaa y»n >an D*aain ^tt^ 

(ao^jJii) inoBa[^H] ~ a'^j^iJiPag 39 a 
D'p'tan = 
.]'^p^pan : |i^' I |aBi«p »b^ 

(^;) n'sap-D'pii 40 i 
tBin',Tn Ki^a = 
yaiKtJ'on «if?a|« ^71 :ra a^'B Ma ,D'aaif6,30 'ay ,i'»»vbh 
]a B'on ami |h t^aipna^K nrnaV n*Kii oKnaK^na jraHXK 
Ka iTKa |Koa8^N nannnB hhk na«aoV« «]nt? '^k oKnanVK *)id 

.b*st nKa KaK *^ noB s^iai naaa* 



«••< 



♦Jli»« tfuni 44 



(^L)i sj^) 'j'a^K [ntT3] - 'ilan nzjiij 20 
i«an pK = 

•rD ,D»^D ,o»aoi pr .15 nnyni 6 ,59 'lajr ,|'»Btt^BK 'sV 'na^wn 
nVzan naanin iat» .ybo Tiy "yi .tva tts :ni'!?in dmna n*a 

.mn« n^anvn 

({r^jo.) 'anmn'-^sj^ai;!? 21 a 
i3raBraa = 
.^ifa^J tr?' ;?3?irl'} :pB1Np 

(<Wii: .' :i;a5t) ntJHma .npima - n9j?.ia 22 n 
(mwo inaaioa) is?awaD = 
tt^'i lonaw ion lanoiitt^ ]Dn" .niDj^a :p?» >filDg^a :pDiKp 

.nbjpia : ipa^ 
.3 ,117 ~ 6 .116 'ay ,]"Dtt;DK 

D'a t5ya = 
.T natt^a ,mon 'bV onip nae^aa Tijrn .pV» »b^ wnou t pjs^ : pDiKp 

(1^.5) ! l^asJ) m^f? tKaBp^-?iti?i^ 24 1 
n^a'f? tnoBn = 

(j\ki\ IK olkiii) iK'an^N i» [nKm^K] — nnBij^n 25 k ,a' 

iyat&aa=: 
.n^a a'DB ,D*^a ^o^aain 'b^ 'naVu^n 

(j^) 9ix;a - i?[^]a 26 

n^^a : |aBiKp 
,pDtyB» tinyn'^i^ =) onKj? ini o«b^k nxya : n'a a"B ,q»^d ,d*aa*i 
'flat^ ,Q»3wan nsw » ^ixn^k pi 1 6 niyn 2 ,3i tie niyn 59 'ajr 

.64 'ay #a»n 

(^) ap'na - D^i?[a]a 27 
lyarraa = 
.nnipn ninivaa 
.3 ,31 'ay ,|"»tjrDN '»y 

( ji5j.J waa' - vaaa 28 a 

npi'= 

(^UVl.^1^.) iHs:iH^H at3m-[Di3ipan] 29 
D'Biyn psp* = 



47 j»aii»yi na» naraa D»i3t}i3 '•'b«dI»«, 

(4JI1.J ^1 ^i») nVnoi 'an'Dia^K 'vai^- [0'1i?7 ois] 49 a ,n» 

nansV (? nax dtz^) . . , = 

(ols>.i) JIS.J... O) l«pi'^^ ^Kp'p...] ma^ - njjn»? 50 

K^w .D-i^an |»a it n^a naia 144 .iv ««iy^ >3 — 2 ,37 'ay ,]"DurB« 

.'inn^tt? pnnD |n^ Kxas 

Di&ian nntt^a = 
.wnowa ]i^» ; D»np»jr |aw : |aBi«p 

pixnan ,aKi3n=: 

(<M-_,ra^) nBO[iD nav] — i3*)i| 9'99an 53 
isratt^aa = 

nnw D'ia'3 ""nDa .iroiena laa nsyii} Nin bg^j? :p!?'i ]aBi»j? 

.'nabtt^nu^ nvniKn 

Dn[urp i^K] 54 K ,1t5 
•n?'i? •r^' .plan aw pn 

ivau^aac== 

(Lj^ ^lu^) [sns'aj? nKnBa-ai?i9q orijaa 56 a 

iyat!?aa = 

(jUiUl iyt^) [iKV]«^^K iipJ^ - n?99 57 

.n^a. ts^'fia qa iiniiz^aa rKsai nban 
:»»a a*aB ,D'Va ,D''aa*i » i65 'ay ,nBOini 13 mvn 24 'ay ,|"bi2^bk 
...nano aiK la nnK=) kjisio naao aiaim ...naaiz^ 'ioa o'n 

.(tciKno : (n .x a a^a^a) naao aii-ini 

[ -«;i?'99]58 

.|i^» noia laa D'^«rnV t^x '^ik .Kjjp»99Vyjp9'»**Ji?'9i :|aBiKj? 

.9 myni 5 — 4 Ji 'ay ,)wawBK 

lyawaa = 

DiTatt^ 'B b^i I a"a Tas ,D'!?a ,Q'aan » is mjrni 8,7i 'ay ,'j"t3ttrDK 

♦'na^vn 



♦l^^8 a»nni 46 



an Vs« 'n»Kni >iiaK3 niyasK yaiK »*on \n)hiiv Dnoi8=) 

(m.Vst ma »a« »V u^i'b pi ,^id' «intt? no irVana Dixn 

(jU) iKa'a - on?'? 41 n ,a» 
nrnn |a = 
.]'*15'5 :p^» ;0p3 nj?na3 n^au^n n^an ••'jnK r'l) pBiKp ^D1 
? naivnoa n!?» 'mtn .o^ai^'aa 'anjrn omnn 'nnxa «V 

(p4«^3 jwJi ^l;) onyai t'sVk ypsa - [n-j'S] iB^tJo 42 

myii Ts ion = 
,*m'2r// n^a^ oipa |'k '"naa .h-j's :|iV' ini'S •P*'"'*'? '^^ 
.maiinKn nvnixn »ntt^iirip^*fi?N3i, nVaa .nau^an 's by »na^arm 

(d^. • t^.) ""•'*' »'^'*' - ^3^"3 43 K ,T 

ySB» lp'P = 

(45I.J) na^a 'B - ln[^]i2^-jai}' 44 
wapa = 
,9 — 7 ,128 'ay ,r'Dtt?aK 

(jjli J J.) ina^K *ita ~ ]i'at'8 45 j 
,(]»ao Dtv) dipan db? Vy Ti»a att^y — 
mBiawn /"Bv naina "naVK^/'aB^ .]l'5lr8 -r^' »]^'?^t'» :|aBiNp 
73 'ay ,11 ««iy^ .ysasa ipa nj?'*na |a'oi .anipn Tiya nto bv 

.a»ai noia "la'ur K»aa 
.11 ^^yV '»y iMajoran (jl^) poao :9-8 ,101 'ay ,]"1312^b» 

,207 I 69 ,IV I 95 » 92- 91 1 73 'ay 

(^*j_jili) a)'aaniBVH-iTyV 46 
naxn at? = 
/aaniB^K :^*x »^iNi /aamB^K .''"naa 
.putang : (noian m ]pt\b »n»o'a i'b^) 106 1 ('in»t) 71 ,iv .«iy> 
^iji ^^:i) »yKi^« nKsy Vsp'i »y«')^H aia[aK - nj^^p] ai3» 47 

Polygonum (Has Qtt^) nynn nua omaiK w'i(nax aw) nynn^^^n = 
py mxnai *^»i/ ni'msn .nia!?na "yi ,n«n aia« :»poaiov 
♦ysaKa ipa ipnaai "naa k 'yKi!?K 'ae^ mama 
n^ nay »KaV nsTn' NiDin ...nKn aia« 'xa :a'y ,»j? nia^na 
.1 ivi ; nyn aiax ,iny »7i 'ay ,a*n ^nau^ ,D»aiNan -isis .snVa^ 

.130 'ay n 1 354 A 'ay 
1^1 .U) n'3Bnf?K nan 'bi n»na»a Kno^K sa — [Q*?i?n '5] 48 

(<jia)i<^^j n"»na»a 
?...nnat3a (t)K'"'nio 'a = 
^j?a npmai "^lii, nVan naina ^nyn 'as!? »'naa i d^ijj^ »a t ]aBi«p 
.346 1 317 - 316 ,11 ,«]yb .Tiyn nwaa it nVa bw n»Bi3ii»na ysana 



--% 



]io»nas Kan?? 

liKA n'TJiD 3,1*7 niiunn |i'!''n 

'3i^K ri'sna D01D ^V'K^ no niov (r»tt?n ,^i^«) n*' tid *i33itj?^//a 
'»Ns'?K :dw*i WKiaar .(fiKDa pbm niDia riDoaV) nai&a^ |i^»aa ihk may 
Vur i3"3y by niyn'n ns nnnan K»an inmpna .y^j nnyo ai^? natj^a^s 

.naizra^ nnvo ai p^'a 
•TTj^o 2") by nsoa TpVa nnn maia ^B^aa TTnanor nbK , 
mrTn 'D bjri ron p^'a ^tjr ia»i3 ^y inr o'jnr i3k waanv i ,|iKa 
,\2?nnn »t3pn ^v ininaa mna man n»^ KiaV ban iVxn 
■»a .laa nt nV yit'-navaV pb'ana'n .Tiyo aiw 
,159 |iB^tt^ T"ana ib8;"jKoiob« mtt^bx^b ]koid '| nai^iy' n Vu^ 'inanj?na 
I'a Ksaa T'lyu la^iiBa ,a«'y «|io 65 niay s"n 'in bnK// aibtsp 
fntt'j?n niban "s 'tan b*st n'nyo n'ai |isaV d'th' 
bv2 Qi Naiyi .['•aiy] inz^ba ni'aiyan 'mo nwiz^n !?aaB^ 
,'Tjr*aT tt^nn nn |»Ka lan lao pin TiiKaa^ kV« p no^y' niabnn ba 
2 pn nM ^"01 bi2^ "nauran ]'\b'>ii«v ana!? la'saa ^aTz^t!?' n nana 

.nta iTn.DK ,3i*on bu^ i^^n'sa ibnanV w»i ,nits>pn D''?a^ 
bv niN'nb D'Kna ir^nnn ytspn dk j?naV la'by nKT nyiin 'sb 

.ia»w' "1 
mz^pna dk 'anan .'nitt^p D'!?a*5? tt?n«fl nr pKtz? 'ktii 
,(14 "D) *nbpn// IN (9 "0) *mw<. is ,(6 "O) "ptJo'J-^a «intt? laib nvm 

.niyi (35 "D) *iia// (32 "O) "n'ayin* 
mana bv; naw«*i nas^aat? *poaaa// ma pa b^td k^ 'atjr isb 
t^iraa ytspa ,nr ]"ay by lasy ron btj? inny nm .^n'o naiyts?^ 
: 108 iiay D»irrn'sn"nia*iaV o'aiKan "isin = la^nDm aonDur ,maiab 
."D^isi Kim ,]»NaT _ poaaa v;^TQv 'am ...onaT 'n n natz^aa iay»aij?n« 
Kin ni DNtj'xr ,iaKa dk «]«i .itt^ifib ^nx ityne bas^ ,naT «in nni 
«]K tt^iD' »!? niB^p D'ba tz^n'Datt^ pn" Kb ^nau^ab a'oi bu^ nz^n'sa 
,nKai niaia nabaau^ DWp o'ba nann «]k pa wisna Kbi .nKT 
bv K^K roi btj> niT&an ]iV»aa iz^nnn yupn pKur ,''K'n 'b nKiai 

laai n'H'jiaK na'wns nTiiai ibis niaoisw onson na'»n ?ii3»")j iiwa^ is .1 
t]8 QV .^•an «ioi'' a")^ 8*'n» ,"">io?i wsn t]Oi' a% *ia«na vs nati? ""lab n»ip,3 inana 
bv iniVD «)« niiaw d» 38 m}>na ,b»V iK3ni»in d»3Si ,»ifii9 na?»in naoism 
mtt»»na dj .v"y naea^ ipitd^ D»Va »i9ttd j»a ^'lan «^b; ,(")u^a Vw «]s nsi) 'poaiTiD 
oa j"yi .280 iiayi 27« iiajr »"!? /O'Va »»TTa nnati n"' na» "ibo n»ii?iia bidk doisw 

.156 niajr 'oanias ^8i»*^ pis'in 'b 
/f»a"in« >"niini5^ B-'iiKsn »n»B niV»fl„ nanaa i"b»dn a»» iiaab ]»an pi .2 

.III pis nlaj? mni'B nosnn ''»ib ni«> 



»iiVK n»»w 48 






[ - nPJ^] 62 K ,T» 

Hini,wi^»aa Kitai nuB^ »aiyn iipan yopa ♦ninas?n nnnnaa 
-njrn 'ay ,]i»vn d'Vwit ,i'oi fa^p) n«Vp sfopaoa .owi^ pia 

(o>Wj) [«1KViVk-P»^] 63 

p'm3n=-- 
.16 ,1 ^»j?»? "V .p»n iny ,iny 1 77 'aj? ,H»n ,r3tt^ ,D»aiKan isik 



n-iuuia □■■nun a-iin nmui 

nsntzr D'avn |»3 «]K nata aac^i .o'ansV mpaa laip D>n^nn .ninn Tj?t? 
iTatyn ID ,1' ,a onan 'b^ .(i ,t na ,Tj;ttr oinna nnn nsi) nav^ma 
nnaoa r^ "laa nia'a^inttr ,nBipna d!?iK .^onnriiaw'i* omnn nK iwy 'aa 
,Q'an«a omnn lyaua nnnn nxnaa .n^K isa n^K d'acrr pny .n'bj? 
.mmn ninewa nain laaa 1'^j;tj^ ,min' Dawa ivawaw 'sa 
"la) 'iiaiKn itr^jrV lya^n nm« riK noTS n'layn jriicon nnioan 
!?5r n'N")i?an n'snaT^iwcnn nyni' aiKt naiy^ .t lat&ia oipa ^^aa (na .na 
.'aiiKn larjr »3aa o'^^Taa n^m D'onpn 'pun 'aa^r^ 'an Kintr? ,''ilnn ts?;^ 
n'Jii^la'DNn «pn nVapna (Q'tJjraV did) onpinm o'ai&iDn ^v onsri ^3^ 
,nvtfTr naiK bn ,vyf iKinn-ott^a ^'j?^ ou^n m nlta^ nn d'Biai ,n'aa5?n 
'n'asn laaia,/ .(vjrt? 'y .Sma-or:n) bewachsenr s Land:ni?nV: b^tbu^ »Ba 
Dirn UK pa pi n5?» noiaa ,n«*i3a ,Nin - mH3 'a laiK - TjrtJ^ dtt^n ^tt? 
]'''san ,(a' ^a 'bitp) rrrytt^n dtt^n m) (» .id m') dnyin vb iwk t'STij? in 

2 ".pi^n ]iKa fiH 
N^MT »bV) '"Jin aiirr« !?i2^ na'aoa Ksaa '3»n T'y»-in daur .maijrn 
dtt^s Mb srn' ^aitt? i^'ki t iin p a§? »3aa tialtir Kin "dny* nnp 'aKi, a .a 
IT maiy .(3 i^in miiipaa |ni — »a ,a ,1^ na — K^pana ]n ,pnaia nin 
latt^'tzr ,dmnn Vb^ oia»alBNn riK N'san xipanic .niya^nV s?"ob n»its>sr na'K 
n^«Tjr p« nny nj;"?!!^ nV» .niau^ tp-na *?vf Tna ,!?«*!»' pK ^ar nama 
riDTV^n : (a» .a 'bw^) ""u^i tj^vs laa dtjrn niyatt^a^ nu^s .lamx np'oya it 
d'sntTToa tt^» nanni .xann^ Kin aiui T'y^a u^sna pipu^ ayi pi ny* — 

.nyar l^np d'pn niaV'K 'Bas?» 
D'Bay^i nta wKin nnyipV nVa nniK nt^aisa ni'BiTK-nin niaityVa aa 
,mlBKt5*a mina n'^aij^n misn riK a'aiV»an d^a^xa b'a'ia .nta d'Vs^i 
laai ,«]asr nKiina i^/^ 'aa^ paa nr pK D»aB ^a ^jr ,|iaa nr ]'« V^a iiJiai 
13?b; nVaa lana^ n^K ^a# t^d^nya^ '^va* nanaa 'a'o-iiD n-a nr ^jr nas? 



.60 '? ,8 fisai sipaa #ii«3 'a .2 
Oinsbeirg and Maisler, Semiiized Hurrians in Syria and Palestine* .3 

ii« 'jr »nB»i on ov *»jaiKi '« .JPOS XIV, p. 257 



llDianaji «ii» 50 



vyniJ? i»3i npiaa nV«3 o'^a '^i^^a naa nasa o'Nsaai ^inx nana 
OKI jnnyo Kin «]» .rn lanan ^u^ 'lairrw nizraN .inanpna 'aiVx pab 
'fl^ nsnaa .ro^"? nt yoj? lon'a ns?B nn - roi^ nana ]1vd p'njran 
«]» xisa^ •»f?iK iB^sK im^ IDT |'s?D .naiya!? nra t&ivs na^n roicr 5?tb? 

— nanri :Kipaa oann roii ,no3n ab n^a ^ao* iu^tb u^nsanB^ nta 

.'•Ji'?K Tynar laai .nj^'sn 
: mama miyn naa nni 
IKD boianatt? ,nD'?n '3":j?a yppnu; 'kii ^mais'nn nms^ jraiaa 
■p'nnn a»nKi iiayn ejioa D"noa j^Bjjni ,TJ?n'Dn bv lanip Kin .naoaa 
Tinan 'nan 'a^i .mxa laiV's TPB^yioa lanys^ .o'Van tt^iTD ns p^nyn^ 

.nia mna nan nai^ |'ki ,i&»fi;it3a n'n-ana «)N 
:sni?aa nisaatj^ D'VaV ^k o'l&n'a ia o'ssaa - i»in'Bin «iiaV mrm 
.(34) *D»i?na* ,(32) »D»a5?nn* ,(22) "'Haia^* ,(7) "lana* ,(i) ^nniatt^N« , 
own ,''nnanD* Bnn'a nn" x^ ij^naan : n'jrn^ t&» nnna.n *7Vf i»nnyn^i 
k!?k nviij? H'n i'ki ,nniyoa '\mbvf oil nniyon 'aa^B^ dj ni^atj^a K'.ntt^ 
maVnai ,ntt^ian na ij^n'B tynaan — *'ni^aia«ai .nnonB db?^ ci'^ais?^ ^a 
, f| K) na"»w\n an pa 'n lyiTaai ,t3''tt?n'a 'au^ is^n's (a'j? a nana) 
|iNa "K.n an bn^ itt?in'a ns ]sa s'an (529 niaj? ' nw *nao nnp/r 
''W on (9 "0) ".nnitJ?*! (7 "»o) 'iana« .^1aoa ^aj?"? I'-'vi .'Vi nan,*^ 
n»Na nnnK ona n^ ims^n - (36 "»d) 'KnnaBj?^, inta m o'aiur tanan 

- (40 "0) ''r\'>b)ibv^n .inaan 'sa np'a uinipi ,ns'i? inj?n n^'nna i?ni ,ia'aB^ 

.pj?^ pj;! K's; «o saj? saa ,ma^na ssaa vwsn 
,'|iKJi Knnitr an^ ninntsi a'^nta o'^a wn'a* m r\^wt]V my iy»i 
niajr .i^v^n n^bmT o'anna »s'pa nxsin o'aiKan mawna e]OK Donate 
'm^aM.,a ^»nna sin .]n'^5r im^KiJ^i?; d'^ab niwn sin u^in'sn .^V»S1 i73 
"D) *nna'* .(38 "o |Ha tt^n'au^ laa) "aiKn.* ,nia^nn 'b^itb m «'aai 
S'aai (40 "0) "n'^i^B^n* ,(5r»i7n j?oaai& . k^s ,55 "o ]sa) "nioaia* ,(39 

.(42 "O) "niaa^a,.! ,V''aa ,nia^nn nan 
=Knb NnnnaKB^a^ pKVa saon nyana jtsdjjk yntn :tyn'B 'niaaVa/^a 
.(178 may) on^ man ]nv; 'aea o'aa^a nmnpaw niyaina many o^ymr 
D'Dij?'^) 'a^iyn'n oinan 'n nan n» 42 ''o^ innyna N'an 'ai!?K 

n?aV« |a 7Kins nKian maaiya : (33 may nasa nninna ,i?'aoain nsoa 
»aon' 2 sn^att^ »^y i [in] Ha »?a ]s Ka^p saa p^^H n^»a rnau? nyana 
.Kn!?att^ s'nn f?NVa^K Nn'a Vayn 'aniK dok nas V71 .^yn^ 
maa xsaaiy ,i?'Boan nao m-anaa oa p "p^Vs n^«a nnaB^* 
np'yni >D'tt^awa on'aijrw pao ]»k ^a« ,o788 "o pnr I'aa o'aan^ tt^nnan 
natr^ ^ib^in snnan n»a ^ti; 0539 "o *p'aoani, n^-anaa Nsaaur laa 

ipaan a^iTansini .a'aa^^ man = ]a^^N 

ih"iv 0788 »»o "I'jrans £3"jr 'nuoin ,i 

(tTinun ^» inuinas) »^s^ sh diij? anas? nai" tan .2 

«»awn wivsa Qinan n tr^y taiw mis em nssaa iai ,p'na ni T'ana ^a 



53 n">y»a o»»^1»m o^iin wa» 



b^ ,n'ttn3Kn na'»tt?nn ^a^ invon n^siHa kVk .'iD'an 'ysia« ni^ib Kpin 
oiri'sntp °,iwn m*no a3i« .mann ^w nmnnDnn mm inisa ,nj?iihn 
iTOKp i503i« vaD» .mioia i« n'av» ria« it»k"? 'ilrVg 'wa Nin 
nniJtn ^tp n'Dioi^^cn* ipnh nnraa na-nnKn r»n HDipna loannti^) 
inn»i ,1929-1923 Q-Jitt^a Donott^ bnan 'aman nso bur la - ''hi'^iaa'on 

n'maian m (1946 ,The Mylh of the State-1 1944 An Essay on Man wa 

na'tt^nn nii»V 'r^DiKn* : ]wbt\ ita n'Kopn D^ijrn no'bn ^ur niinvan 
.nbvf n'V^an ta^nn nmin k^k ^navan k"? «in (primitive mentality) n'Kopn 
nx I'^o^ tt^paiottr ,sraB-Dan bv i»a»5?a jratjn ^3? u^aa 'Kapn Di«Ji ]»k 
^1na rVs urri Kin |'s .n'»!?Kioi?Vi3r« niaij?i3 ^ur npiD'o na onain 

na^a iravs; n:»x iVir? yaon n^si .maatsi n'Daatis nwajrnn 

.ta^'nn nn'nK nuraina// nsoana ni "n'tjria'o «'n »na^a n'»vn nj'Ki 
03a\i'? '^aa 1 ."nmnn nmsn Vur nral^ni nralaain 'Jd !?y nnu^wn 
5'asn^ 13S D'Hurntt^ 'jan ,'»Hapn aiKViy na»tt7nn 'bin ^b^ mij?n 'ajra 
K'n ny^ip p-'fl-^y-iKi ^'jna 'is»a^ niiiannsl? »Hiiitt? ,msp nman ^jr 
nns nD» ^nsn ba m'i,/ : nxVsrrnn ^tj^ mn" nnan x»n nst .inra 
»Da) jiTz^b o'vatt^a qtk 'ja nan naa dni .(k ,n» na) 'onnK onin 
Di«n pa niyi?n nM i^ny ,'DnnK onann., vn piy .("p'tn naottr 
p «V nnN mtyii 2,ijysaK 'nVa .a'anan •T'^'^ki msrn p ,oiaoij?m 

.nhiana na^iiya k^« .njraia 
-nxtr^ oin'ani ]wbr],, nnB^ .]iwV^ on^a aa paa oliran !?sr iiaNni 
p^in na Kin D,T3»a n«ri?n irtz^uKn mainn ^ur manpn mama ,on n»a 

3 .*nta nt annsn^ |n'3 nVi ajr^att^ 'iiiai 
DN) nanxn »jb Vjr Niyai niaa oipa m"san ,n^a pi mn *"in* la^'aiz^a 
onDN in ,min' nn tsnpaa ainaa ,onn pK laiaa dsi to' -in nsnina 
Wiun 'ainna nminn m'2rs'»sio« imjr^ K^n n»iwj; D'Djra ^Jts pn .nai 
'BiK Kbi ,'!?Kn'anrN 'din np'5?a nmv^n i^x nrsK'xioN «]Si .'DiAiBian 
-ai 3itt?ia nt n\n o'jianpn la'maK ^'ati^a iV'ni .Q"a'ap!?^p amia ^c^ 
,Bipa mnn in - aiiDpaiB lais - maaiDiD'aa// .o^Vao vnyi m^ivaB'a 
4 .*jrapn "n ba b^ p»B^i ,f iKn ^u? O'mnoan nm*n mma anana laur 
,(kur-gai) "Vnxn inn* anawn *Ba naiaa ,m5?on bv^^ fisn inn ,^'^a^ 
upTpa Kipj p .m3?aij>an nm»a - shadu rabu - 9a bvf naNn viJ'a Nin-Nim 
.lugal kur-kur-ra ^'^3K nnaa ^TKa s.pnnn'i) JE'kur-ra iis^a b'^bivi bv; 
']bD„ i« 'onnn msiN i!?a« ,'msiKn ^Va// aainV a'aniaar tt^' nt 'wa 



Ernst Cassirer, An Essay on Man (1953), p, 109 .1 

naipa .niinisa ninnonn ninuoK^ nsii^na b"') ,n»6n» nvysttK-^nVa^ R»fi naiisn .2 
nyiina Diipa» ,D"a»t5i?Vip d'ssim ni3?saxa j>at)n i»ai ,t»n»s /taisn i»a *i»i?fi D"i?rij «in 

.V^an bv 

.142 'J? ,t3» ^ITOKj? .3 

.Frankfort, Birth of Civilisation in the Near East (1951), p. 54 .u 
,(iu ry ,RJSA) E-kur bit den-lil : Sharganisbarri bv n^naKn na^naa .5 



'bya ba law itanytt^a nnVna^a mna tnnyiy xVi Dnyn^ 'la'ia n n'?a3 
nwK ,mnx n^a n^k ,iy|? i.u^ <7Xtt?ia mii'>v/ M^iQb ym ]saai .Dnjrv 

' . 'V^T 13'x i?"nan nxuaa 

,''3'0-nit3 Tj;n paa Vas .o'ann niisa »irB?n nnaV ,-]n-i3"n n'n ]KDaa «]K 
.Q'lyu? '?T2r Dniata «i"'iy nnytz; bv piai ]'in } "rutj^ia t^ia'u; ]Ka |'ku^ 
Diwa snpjn .nipn nnn hk D'K»aa ,i¥ran n'sru^ nn"? iia*3 mina 
'Kr^B KiiU// maipan ':wa p'njra omnn .(t ,a' » t» ,k» 'iT) p'pnn nnn p 
innaa jr^non'? o'Hwn nt ttni^s bap"? o'sinn .p^man ,3;'?iBan inn iai'?D 
i« 2 1 nu^nna nio'a anv; n'aa dk ,(T' ,a ^"nv) ina nnai (bd ,a a^au^) 
'»KT 1^3 y^a (nmn'-ia ]iV'a3 nvfb vnnvn n) 'a'»o"iiD 'dV K'ncr ,n3ios3 
in'psna nt ]'ki ,ipn»Dn nvno'? ninaim di'ki issa' onxanan «ik .annn 
nw'ja pbnn nnn ns iki k^ la^niaK^; nanoa oipa "jaa .on^a^a STnan"? 
laT ^a |'« ,nirtt^n nn» ]"3S?a n'^aayn iTaibia'»K^ didi iTj?tt?ninn bv 

«in ]'N '3 D'n'ia rrrw pin p ,Kin iHin-ou? ts;?? anyn^iy nVx 
^ax Tina .sVax 'r^j? Ty«? ns p'n5?a niin^ '"n ,Dna .spm nna iwp 
mnna 'aisr by ovabo nana ]a .p^ayi ]ia5? oy m"* 'n ra 'nna nan dhks 
(K ,3 ,a nv) '3V Dipa3i i(3 'X '3 'aip) p'J'as?'' (Qoboiitis) "paa lonsa 
nin n'n^ 01^3 urantt^a oiainni? ,kidk laxa .niwai baa m vaia Kin 
b3'a-b» n'3i5;3 i»vb^ in bur 'aissn pbnn naiaa dim nyw k^k .i3aT3 
"in* TyB^ '3 ,n'i3on nsrpsna '?3'a-bKi «b3a btp it niD"»sia .nnn=) 
laxn '3// : 13 by ntaii ,s) '3K'?a '03 bna - nns nbnpnn ^8 .Kin 

a'N3 "in*! ''?i3a-i& v'> «ipa3 nni /Mys^i '?i3a nnb iKipi ons 

3 .(13 ,ny Mn) -la'a' nn3p nt in ,wip bi3x b« d8'3»i^ : ni'?»3pa3 

3 
iy» niyattr)a3 n»3iy3 k3 - (^>) 'yis p '?'ianb ~ (^ >) yia 
ysB^ by3 nM ,(in by) nby nKnn3 bys niiS3 oai ]b'Kn ^ayi B^Kin 
bur rniiyn 'I) mit\ lyv - 151? n'iWK3 oa ]3i /lai wki3 niiy» 
«in (3 ,ia 'n' ,n ,1 'a3) yij n3'9b .(min^-p ]ib'a3yiD rv*? ':i'0"iio 
, iiay - iy^ - in : ni'iyntJ^an hk kidk b'3a yiD iiom 4 m^n lyv 
]wbn n3"iia i3tt? ,Dt'i53a'0'9l9n .bb3i bbs 'ipa 13'k nbs r^ i^P""' 
isb y3i3 - nba nnm^v nTiyni^an 'i3'i - nianpn nnmnonn nwns 

.162 — 101 '^ 'fl» 1"1«'^ -I- 
.^larpK DJi in Hin ogoq n'Ml'i dj .3 



55 niywa D«"i^nii tj*"!"!?? nitt» 



13H I'K .]na niDD^ i'hbt ,D«iam ni^'apa btt^ nnijsi niaaiNa nisnoia 

nmxa f nn ik (^nn-0T3Tj; 'd*?) Fiussbctt ik Bachbett mini u^isnn^ ]x\n 
^'apan niataa ssaa yn'a .(min'-ia) nnwni o't^nan 'b nav atir tttw 
'3U? ii» piaw naV» s^'y .^'v^i& "o' 'i?»BN// Dipaa 'D'a 'p'SK* (n*; 'nn) 
,ian 1*? pH 'D' 'p'aKi» ^n'sn 's ,i^jra ,Dna i^nw D^irtt^n nxi omatan 
Q'jva V3'5r »a ,aa 'nn ,D'a'p'aK ^y nyn ^'«a) !?'n "o'a ^'br^ i^'HI 
t»Kli',na*Ta msa .Tjdk iztki o'a 'p'fis itt^a' 'a ia» ,n vftw ,o'a vp'SK iv 
noian mn paa p 'd Vy nx .D'bnnas^ noian nn !?ap^ i3'!?y inynV '.(a ,k 
D'ai^'an D'a^sau^ 'ca ,nVaipan nsmnt' k^ «?n nanani ^»Kin ,a*atj?av 
pB3 bvf vm Kin p'BK ."Dinn/y"? sV« ,D»Kaian D»pioBn n«tt^a yans^air »Bai 
n» !?^ai aurian amnn p innV .o'an Ksia iniyatt?ai n''an«a (K'sin =) 
niK'n nK a^in n^airn niya^^aa p»sK ]*» .'inan i« ^nan nniT lair? nott^n 
,nnn3n xsiaa .'iDit nn nairja 'n niyaa/. yaun 'jn'N '?v amb^intyn 
iwrnan iz^in ,•?« ati^i' (anann j?bk aip anna aaa) D^mainn 'p'SK anpa 
,iDiONp Ta bm ,28 'y ,nnjix 'ana ,nati'a ^'nbv; rnnyn ")) 'nnmn 
x^K ,D"Bn3ilBiw D'atznaV xb , s'n nananir? ^x*ti |xai i (86 'y ,my n^xn 
oy At IS IT ^n'7a ^on^p niainnn 'p'BXi q» 'p'sx .p"ait'in"'a o^asia^ 

,'?'imn oyi ci'^sn nn 
,d'n'ai2r ]W^ v'sn's lao ^y ^•»an-'n!?a ^n'sr |pn!? ]'««; ,i3nai3 aw 
13X la'itj^ia 'b'? u^iTB |naa nnrn"? la'^y pv.i^ia uoaDa^pn npna xVf? 
: naiK nnwaniz^a Mbv iTa n^naai naw n^iy no'sna pipau? ms'Va^ 
nnnttra iz^amzra innn-(T ,i!? 'nn) *nan oinn TOBi&a ,!?« 'nnna ^np^s* 
'BOlp ^ayaa my a'aina oinnni inn na ,D»asia nanyaa nttrntz^ian ,]wb 
niyaa ,ny mn) ny 'a^iya ,iy 'aa onaiyn ny-mn on ^K-nnn .rnx 
cnDai» tannn m!?ina mwp aViyn ns'ia osy 'a ,o ,a 'an - o^iy 
^a nyaa nnxan n»aixlaolpa .(a ^2 'nn) "^ani p« ^^inm nV; ann 
nnnnatt? -inx'? '5 ,Dnsan nfl'o 7a .f nxi a'ats^ nrn 'asV iiy n"isa K'nu^ 
Bipa 1"? xsa s!? ,(Nun) a'pinan a^an '?Ty oia'pma (Atum) aiix u?aij^n bin 
,nMi aj an'rai ,a'Vxn m'rina '?nni nyaa ^y oa»D 'iki ;Vby may^ 
nni'n ninia a'taina lau^ nnn Vy !?'y^ naxaip na^ axnnai 2 .Q'aB>i nanx 
'a^iy nyaa nixn ,'7y (mn =) mn nana« nx pa ,ynxn bv a^mna^an 

.a'yatt^ma'antj? 'aa ,(ia ,aa "la) 
(nft^ - np'nyn nmsn) nna^ nx antnn nVx ipnsir xibx nanaa 
maipa naaa nt& u^na!? a'aw a'c^naa wp'a yira .0''=) «hadu ]a 
:!?»apa ax .x'n n'xni it niya^^a a*"* rs 'nnaor 'aan .*nn// nxmna yana 
ny »sy ^a iaan"» tx ,ia m&x ^ai nttr t^y .fnxn !?am a^atyn inai^' 
lynn /n nt^y 'a a'aty lan - Ta n'yu^'a a^a piaa^ (a'-x' ,is 'nn) 



.27 'jf ,(e»B?ii) aiiai'i isjd .1 
i>aiptt n»n awn ••inViD tsia i'3 :nsT^ i»pa i»ya 7 niyn /tt 'j #^«3?i ,tin'S»ib #2 

.lbs; mi»»6n aN>i3?i-ft)?aa ia nrf->n ^s'si'V ,fiN»iaa Jitp nt^es ii{>aa d>isan i»ss 



^i«J 'tt 54 

in"^ wp^a^r ^lna .d^aiB^ni o^'pm onpin v>on«^ niaiDj 'nVan nwpoan 
Dayman mj?in 'piV^ni ,nnyawan 'un .n^n-'i nriK niyaipa kur osiaixn'K'? 
kur QKiJix^TN iniK 'D ,t}iispn3 Dtt^i ,'y>QM pii .»^i iryaw nj^Din ,pa 
nnoia K'n-nnn ima iixyn ^un-ns^Van .'^Ikb?,, :n»mmiy iV wr 
a^tt^ «■?« ]«D niian i"**? ,D3aK .VKn "^v; nma. maij; ^I's"? n'acnsio'a 
no'an b^ nnwaaa ynix nt ]•»« b-ax , n^nn"? opi nan «?«n ■?!& Tpao ms^na 
bv; Dt't3aa-»D»^lQn 2 .^n^ ]a «3i' .}T'"'nn'7 "jsn dip'» iirxai /"rixir. mina nnn 
pK nraa/zD'anna n^»_Nin-kura n'?Nn "piz? nau? m aw ,^a'? oia "iH// 
IHN) En-ki ^»a ivf ona N'mr^ ,mai5?n 3 ."^ixiz^n nn-'aa* Dnn«ni 'onnn 
QK-jJisn'sn i\m nmnaa watz^a ]a "rv 'a ,vp^pn '.pvi inu ik .nansn 
nf Kn ^i»i (nnaya ypipvaiya [j^s] ipnp -.nK Kimz? ,qaqqaru ^*am ki 
Diainn n« dx r\hhw nvix ^ax ,n"aB;n nij?au;an nx miz^sa ,Nin-hur-sag 
nnra onpn n'l^^aa n-'ox nanp ^sr n!?nan oKn K»n Nin-hur-sag" .'awn 
*nva5// nin '3 .'inn m'aa// na^^ nx o'p'njra p-''a-^r*lHi .oj^n-naiKn 
lira Dwa nK-ia sb i3K laiaon iik^ pii .mj?nn »?a^ -'nn^ hur-sag-i ,N»n 

4 .spin "inn ni'aa/y nxnpa ^iKu^n nVtjtt' ,^^a 
D'an bvf oia'pmn ^^na Htt^anan 5 ,in mana f isn nK isi D'aiaipn 
,n» 'p'SK . 1KT1) 'fl' 'p'SH-^ "^an nnoa/y o'^'apa »sraD |aisa .D'"^rnn 
ny np'ni) *n'nnn ^lKtt^/> "ann noia^i ,(tD ,aa a^ac^ ,^an nnoa 1^3' 
ia!?'aB?a jraaan ]a«? 'kti .(as ,aV 'ai .onn noia Dn!?ni ...r'nnn ^isu' 
omaTa ns'or nnnn 'aa ok 'apaioai ,naV» naian na o'D-jan dk aVc^V 
na'N DTialalaoipn nianyaa n»am3?n n^'rrna^a .mi tiwvb iTJ^p's n^K 
onaioi omiiz^a iv^ nnn 'a:^ ^y nnn o'Vapa ]d nns"?! .,^^d k^k mpa 



Semitic »iiBna — "o^inn nisiN n^n, ; iiyi « 'jr RJSA — -nisisn liia, .1 
ij?v psn nsii?na ,t3"'n3!'i« — "isw nisiN i^a„ ;22o 'j /and Hamitic Origins 

.112 'j> ,{»ia5? "in) niisan 
Frankfort, Kingship and the Qpds (1948), p. 321. .2 
.Pritchard, Texts, 2 mjrn ,37 'jr .3 
,{234 'jr ,^'jn) ]iBia j?»Ba ,"n.i,a D»ii»i? nhTjn-isNn bm b'>bi^ bv lani'n lao hs a 
fisM mon nypaV nii D»n?Jiiyns? ,?7yi?7 fli-av^ ''"i"'"' P '^^^^ P"""^ °*'''"' f"""^ aKSiaa? 
Jeremias, Handbuch) "in» 0:1 iniyaipa "pK, aiiwi'i j^mn ansn ja'oi ^'sin .onn 
^» DNSitt by n3i?oaV »»»Viy Tio' .(2 'y ,i9i3 ,der altorientalischen OeisteskuHur' 
^,.,^-,j, Qj,^i,,j3 ns i'aoi' IKS i^'ssw ,D«i»wn nwnon"'H:m .D'n-ij^tn wa'» nnawn 
.nnawonofi naii?nna ra^-i-K nn'sna a'-'wa ssaa nn-na-cipa wa-niiE; sVs ,D»iian ^w 
/Dn^" iaip» B'3E?»»na?m nnawfi iba'p nniR t]s Nin-hur-sag nbsns? ,w»a aniao pi 

.D'jnnsn 'sa .T'lra ns d'yii' ijr J'k ds or 
,"11 B^i5> niai .»a»n nypi»i ni'ijr Dnnwsaw ,D'-in '»k>i 'aa? :pn in^ai .5 
: iDBa 81W3 "inar bP ri'? 'JbV nonn .B^anj? d^bbisjid^b D'B'^ana 11^ nyivn 

.•fisn ^a ]nR Vjy as'nna fti«si' B'a»n ninii jrins 



57 ?iiy»a o^i^ai tuiin mnv 



nnmn ,inii«3i M\^^ nana «in pTn tins .«''n h^-j .nmay n^nas nowan 
:nNr lu^Ka 'a k*" nnDttt? ,'»jan .onNn Vb? msDi iai«a |n nnsru^ntt^ 'ss 

•n"ni ,c*tyn) onnKsn ,(D"'j?att?n p) onmn piaa Ejimn o''u^'iBa D'»ai 
— nii^i^n bvf nm:ib nmina nmN o'jna onnK ,Q*ia .nKta jPDnony^ia' 
^K nain jm) K'n nnn ^ao jniNnw ,nDTJ?3 Va nr mpaa na .nj^ian 
•0 .X n3i»-"iDKn hv atp'i pi& oa'i v^j^a in-n« na^'i woaa Dp**"! ma'a I'ra 
,D'5rln laiaa *|Ksn nnx« ay ]n nrsK'sioN miy^ K'aan vfp'*2Vf '»*? nn^ai 
D'pioDa qK .nmNum r]r\^in da nmij? ,(nvnan) naixn ^ty nnnTS oy ]ni 
,Q'>\3'>bv IK onnK D-'aj?^ '?i&aD n'*^v>'>i^ D''?na D»sy "^y *iana nr 'jbVb^' 
.iniiKX ,i3iN3i n"«byi nnan ^tz^ m^nas x'n pTn ]isa 

,(' ,10 'in') dnvini a^^jy'-fi'ij? ^tjr onuDTya Ksaa '>wr\ ryiy in 

.lyra HDB' --Tj?|? :ni3?att^an hk nptna i^'ND n niaaiyi 
,D'aD niitt> sV Mnu^p nanK i lyi n^aiya : mm' ]a s'aa iv Tiva 
att^iaa 'a D'aann naKi .ia iiav!? nB?i?Ty ^*n ^baai n'^y naVV ntt?pi& 
n'aiya iyi py 'jra) «'aa ^nia-oi':n «ik .n'laya ly awn mi nt 

.unwegsame Qegend Hiyau^aa 

ni'n^* iiyr"? myatt'a my n"isa iranyaw ,^^V aV ni&in h"?! 
Dn'V» laK'V/ .dn n'nainaini lyKipaaoa ."niV'bn- Dsy-D» pi /'f?!^!! 
nn 'a/',! (10 ,t' 'in') "dtz? ^b nxiai myn i^ n^y nnK an ay qk ytt'iM' 
:ns'^ari ]wb2 ]a nnx O'ssia lanja .(n'ou?) nnKiai sin ly 'a ^'? n'n' 
B^KS/, - |ai ^'yV i3Kamzr ,(Jia na 'bt') ny - o'ln ,(a' ,is 'nn) iy - 'iB? 

."Tiyi (ID ,xs Mn) 'D'ln an^n nan^ai ny lyan 
^1na pm ,'ini» Hin n'iai» 'anaa ny "jb? iniyaB?a '^ nniaB; 'sai 

.'layn "iy«n 'T^y iniann ,n'Dpn «Vb^ 
1 37-36 t ,K tsya) iy-i'y lasn nnns o'ays 'isa rriam ni^'!?ya 
i^iTi ib'Ni .K'a - ry oxina xiata'ji s^n .(2 s ,3i f?yx » 18-17 i ,a ^ya 
]'N .(81 'y ,'n3y n^Kn^a loioKp ^bt imyn n) in = Ty laain laioKpi 
imyaara qk |ni "N'^/z «in ry d» |n .D'o^iTsn 'aa^ ]'a yian^ laTpena 
isa ny |'a nn'an ik ]i'a'7n na'naa ,niiB;n isn ma ]'an^ ]'« /nn« 
/'in// n!?k nnai» .]iB^Va iy ]'kb^ naiK 'im .^T•Na k'ji ix *m ]'ai nnK 

2 .'ry^V iniTas K'n n'yaa 'tki 



.(jCj) lyi Dii?»a (^c_j) Tjri a^nan jiJiaa sain niyoa .1 
w>n nw s)i-»»sa mK ■•aa *iir? ci'nati ,niaBr ^w niB»»"i o'V'san ,nini^ '3»a .2 
j'isan ,in» •'isb j>»cia ia» jiinsn .(io7 'j?) "''my»„ni (lott 'y ,n'iaiK 'ana) "wy. 
,ss a'B») Tanna ia^ yiTn /mn boti d»V i"a|?a hm' "»jtij?',» 'in .•'Jiypa,, Dn»n owa 

.(33 nv) ♦linn ir (r» 
n'i>a3Na wold I's .ni'sn's-iiin mawba as sin j?ii» ly^i nn |»a i»pi> iws 

.(plain) niip'a <(hill) ns>aA ,(forest) *ijr» :imya»a (^aaiafi Wald ?>» rns) 



' j iisi 'a 56 

^ya vaniya ]3k ^a xsaa » ,,3 ^j^ 1,3, ^j,, ^^3^ ^,^j, ^^^^ p^ „,,^„„ 
mani&i rriayair ,fnaij?n p's laV awn nny nyV .inx ]"ay^ iB^pa nVs 

n' vmn) DIN ma^ 41 ,i» QVf) 'pVayn mir^ .(t ,a"? "la ,DnH nivf wv; 
"11) axia mH^ naiyi. .(a* ^ny 'nn ,]n niiz^ ansa pna) ]s?s mu^ ,(»•• 
i^pa^i .nti^ ]a ^auia-nt:^ misa nn nuo mnvfn (a ,Na 'aa jn"? .i"? 
nvp Q'3Q Va '?5?i .-|Da ^^^s ]'ntz? «•?« ,nnK ^inzzzDnK niirr v^Qb ysn 
mur «]S .(N ,1 K^attT) D'niyVs miz; is ]ys mar »aa*? nt wits Q"p!? .t.t 
nanpn miijnw nain 'yaui ."pK// insTiniy pii ,8hadu"a nipa nt 
*iaa iKS'w ,nianp nnis maiva np^a^j^sion .maipa bij? matj^a nvpr\m 

.nianan pij^^a u>ia'iyna 
niDVmz^n ,yaDn by cnsn nii3!?ntt>n '?b^ yaM naii nannn ^na 
«]S .n''ai'?'in'»an no'snn '?Ty .Tss'saion n!?n .nynnaTy niB^nB^m nwyaaiy 
Disn D-ipa ,ni'»n KVai nnsa D^ijr D"pb ns's^aa nannsn iitt^ »fl by 
Q'aiB^nn D'a-'bnnn nnsi .iisjd ]'nV nis'na n'jii&Kin nirnsn iina 
im'a intt^a mina oisn btti n-'asyn inman K\n n-'xapn no'Dnn Mb'sa 
,olaDlp^ip8n pabi ira nibapn piyb oiK'so-^alnn bnnur nyi^a .bnaai 
IS' mma^ nmnn ^^na pni rbbana lasy riK s'sin"? nb^nnab n'n a-i^n 
by iDoa DiTaIn .n-nDXO'a bur ,nbl3pn biz; ,D"ian biz; nipin nn'nK 
n^aira p^oiw?? .{xoiinxs) ""rytj^n snsn// by oi^oniKi "O'svn pjo/m;? nyft;,, 
nine ,iVHnn nyi^ .— coma iranai ,(bbaa nyu; aai) tz^Hin nyu? inKim 
b'jna .D'by noiaa d:ii Tya^ na 'aira comans »n»as*3i D^by ,m9|r <nvn 
,yja3n p at ]'» .misNW»a nnna n"3wn myau^an ns n'aib'an D'a^sa 
Haare by yv 'aaix ^nitt^aw 'sa ,ns»ba ]wb iDpa oTsnixi on'aini?; 
n'm npipna npna nn^b pnur /b ^K^a ,aia .(tsnaia?) der Baiime 
IN n'wsn mu'Kia nbiapn na xin nt in nt piyb-«iivs dn ,p'ioDb d'hi^i 
.Tiitt^an by oasy riN o'Dian ,D"a"'Dpbip Q':\sia nanVan B^*ii»ia Hinu; 
/nn* TZ^a'iy KSian rmpa minatt; ,13b 'sni b'jrbT yis iio^b v't^^^ na 
,nny»a noanai niab'Ni D'au^y n'asa Nin .nvniQn mpa Ni'niy ,Dbiyn in 
«]3yj bizr iDin"tt; ,piOQb un b'Ntt>i oiba in .nnyir n'asa DiNn b^nib^ 'dd 
- lay-iyB? - lytnn »iann in by ?B^Nin ninytrr biL' nta nins ]b'Nn 
.'tJ'NiBn .naian man viw Nbi ,n'Napn no'snn rn^iia la'jsbur ,iab 'N*ti 
mnnnb = xofiao) - rraara myau^a xoin^ p nnnenn n''an''a 
nN Q*bi:ia Q'airn vn n'NiTnn nsipna .N'n n'jjats it ^ni f anannnb 
bnanb ,nib'SKn bao rn nianN nnyTz^i ,n*iNDnbi 'i:b um^ ^yt2; • 
nniani ms'bn ibn minn nsnaa) nNsn 'sisp onaym oyn 'tjwea 
^j,^^^ t,^, Q,i?r,i?nn msiipa n'abwn niNsna nn^»n T'B>a «]N .(nasNa 
1133*) nana in^nasn; nnb bi^a ,(» .t) banab ntt^Ni hn ninra Nin ib'Ni 
,Brin3. ?baian 1133 inai.3 ,nb 'iy'-'|mm baian mn ,ib pa paabn 
Kin m'ytJ^nij; ,mK3 'a dw3 ,i3N3n b»yb .(r ,0 uvj - niB^Nni imn 
^nnan b^ mn now -nNS nio'a 'pn\n ]iKa. D'tyiea b':^n3 .]mM ]iNa 



59 nij)»a D"iVnfi tj^iia niiaw 



.iy» ,nt»'Tin «in Vaipan 'a^tzr ,K'ipaa tt^'3h"n myati^a nK nnjr pnaa 
'3a» nrj? ibtk Tanni ipinn nitjra itya njr i'n» Kinn ora (k 
'inn nanya* D'yavn o'aa-ina vits .(t? '»' 'b^') naair^ nn'ni ^Kitt^' 'aa 
nai^D ,TaKy V»aj?a tj^iin iai ,o'poisr mioan noiaa wku^ k^k .r'naKni 
'1 piofiasr 's ^5r «)« ^nv'-Tan pi o^iin p tt^^ea "tt?n .mas in «i35r^ 

.135? — ('TB8 «7«ia«) Tas t&'Ta 
D'nay I'ai naip naai ^sa u^ini «]3y ns' jiaa^a Tn« nin^x nan (a 
n»n - bsa B^nn : naix pioa^ it^n'sa nwin tj^'k ,(a ,k^ 'n») imas nn'n 
.D'jnnwai a'aanoan a»Vyn on — o'nay > o^bsa d'Xj; N!?a ny^ nan 
aa-jnB?3 ns'a .o'^jrn ^ao^ mas ^v ,i3sr ns' tin ^y ]Ka lana 
: oainan ,]nj'i» ^sk laa paa b^ii'd D'KSia ijn nni ^ ci^tj? iv» nr iinV 
pi .«i3y = (Nipaa) njitt? ,(n'a*iNa) nd^o nai!?D ,]^Ba n'aioi - ^sa tJ?ini 

.nam lanoa Ninu^ «]3sr - ^iin : pni 
,''B^»^iyn pioaa ij^'n m Ksaa »^in .ejaj; xin B>nin b'ln d'picsn 'as^a 

: IT ;i^a K'aatz^ 
Q'^Taai ni»ai»a naa o'l^inai mm' nna (anv) naa anyi (a 
's^ .i?rin^ D'Vna D'!?iaa ,m'a miaa nrai'a '"it^i 'bV .(t ,Ta a'm) 
,Nin vVita plan lani .misa ,misa Tjr - nma^Ka biriu p Snia-oraw 
« .o'ina K^H ^nnva k^ o'aia ,nnisai Q'^iaa ,ni'aTar? 
.nniBTKa "in// minvf ,burshu (a'nn Tiya) bma-orata K'aa pNi 
in aip'i., : qn laiaa th !?u? in"nu? ^y nsioana aa jyarnr^a ]aia inisi 

K'att?) "n^^ina »imanaa ini «Tt naiaa ina aiz^'i ,hnsaa lanaa 

i^N ."nnsa!?//! '"in*'? ^'apai aipa nv xirt |NDai& nu^nn .(ta-i» >aa 
-p rmapsrai pm tt^rsiy 'sa ."D'pm o'lsaa^, imvas^a |'k niannsn 
2.D'inn 'E^sia D"s?a» ansaa hVn ,(5?^on wRia nsiaa oipa) mm' 
: n'aijrn m'jratt; 'sa ^^in ijrxn<» ik 'in* Nin men nrnms? nanoai 

3. in = (:^) Tfs ,is 
B'n'ttr ^"iwa Dipa..i '«iaj?'/ ni'iyauran n'laya mnsnn 'in = wmn p 
wT'isa na's ^an maVnai o'aiaina.iy n'aiKa n^'an n"at»n!2^ nVk .'nia^'Ni 
: "]20^ riKiina aa tt^im «3 D'aiainas? iraiKa .xnpaa ,ia'H'itt^ 'sa 

.Ka^'KT Hnny'ina "n-a' ,aa "la-iaoa 



,13!? i>i3 JQR-a Dt3*iDm» ,The Amorite and the Amuuru of the Inscriptions 

.in the mountains iiwa» 'D»»ina« D5*in» sin tjK ,i!>»ni 2«9 'y 
.piDsV n /fiRni Kipian^a iiki »» psa »ts» »b3 .2 
niaian ?nis» ?ii>a?7 t'j'O-iiD Tya (na ,0^' ai»N) 'fnisai y^o ]» ^y« piosb .8 
^mip^yn nsiinn nRt ninasv ,"y^b« }»3 n»n»B ,isa» nsiina (iis>i n-i ,a3 8"a») K"aa 

.ii^iiy D'TiB iijri (»m2{tti 'y^o) a ,a5 a"a» laa d»p^db oaw 
*»»ia» Q'^yaon D>isaa^ nsiiani ,n»Rii "isaa, nsiinn }••« n-i ,aa R'awa oa ^^fiynV 

,113 ,aa K"awa ")»n /onnn 



^ i'lKJ 'B 58 

^Tua Q)pji„ ns-jinn oa n^Vsa pn =) -jy* ^^^ nanpn iniynwaa 

n:inan onv'-nm o'ly'-nnp r\'\m:iVf 'id^ n»Ni !?d pK .nnyi^i anytt' 
nnis orxntt^ 'sa ,niianT»a n,?»a'iiD^ua «pn .mm«an mjrai&tt^ K'n 

"^vpb T11S ^a p» ,hm ^n ,13a nn"? on'»a ax lain ]a .R'n rr-ai^wiKts 
"naia* niyau^aa (L) Kaa iraiya »isa dn ,i3j nnaxn nin^Na inn uv dn 
^ma-ovata p^'aa naa pisur ••aa ^^nna nvnVi. nsiina "?s?id misa pi 
.(niTD a'ari) aii Tiya ox Vsnon ini« m N'aa sins? ,p»2vai .(laa y) 
.inr D'»na yni nx ,ai3-^ ,i? ssai K^tr^ Diara pn nsa n nsamz^ ,''3mao 
*S?a» yi?nj?n nawni ^law^ pa nr nij^p nnna !?»yb mann iin!? i^'ni 

nrn mn'rK ^tj? nawa ni^n^ D»a"n i:« ]'» 'a^o in dv n» «]« 
law DK - D'na^i« lam _ ina nh .anpinn ^5? ^aipaa ,]p n'^axn 
.naoni 'j»o in pa '^iifpn nia^- ^y nny iiasra «i > .]5?jaa yn'* n'n |p 9ty 

- (18-'V) "niai!?* nsD"? wn'aa luioxp r'a naix — it npoaa «pin* 

— naiin D»n^sn in ^» Kia'i) 'anin a^i k!?k ,''3'o au^a naiaa inn p« 
,nn3na i^asrn ns aiy»'^ «?paa (pioe^ n ,ynNni Kipan) ni«3 'a .(n ,a 'au^ 
.■»:»o nai^a ,*o'nVNn in// sin inn i^'ki ,nVia na'-aon n»np3 aim aa^atp 
.naon tV 'a'»o ott^n matna jraa'n!? nsoan ^w inaaa ma»a q'3d ^a by 

.inni nasn pa ,''D3a'D — pin ■jn-'a ik ,'3n^ia'i3« niz^p d"p Df?iK 
DXina oi^paiK .nnn» mysn ijrsin naon vv ■>» n''^*"' ^^ I'lf't^ 
{\i^) KSS^'n n'is> ojr nnn 'Nipan naon q» ,nn'? pK .k'jd '"in nasK 
labiy na'aon 's!? ,d^i» .iaa"a5?i nia'tt?n oa laa pKi ,"»in2;Kn lap-i 'aijyn 
ni'nV : ni'ij;auran m nKiyn pa ,^'?ian .(j^) »ai!? Vj?is^ n'7K Va omas 
yii ns ^rob u^» 'a .niaiz?^ ]»« a'ae ^a by .oain^ ,nii?s?!? ,(n3n'ia) maa 
SrVon-jBr a'nw!?9 asa by najrb par irpa ntt^» nnaj^an pai^ : Knpaa 
S'aT2?) 'njp 'att^n ott^i i^sia inKn q^^ nta layna y^on-jtt^i nta layna 
: p^nn 'b^ .sirama - nao ,Kn'j?nwa - ysia : oaina ]nai' .(i ,t 
Nin fsiaur ,pn" nn .^1•n oipa-Nn^ama ,p^p^n aipa - Kn'yntt^a 
pxasaijr a»pns p*?aijr tfiivn 'atyj^a ]'K21'1 psasaa) yasa ]w!?a 
= 5nB^ ptt^Va sV N3 Hn's^na^a p'B^i 1 ([D'!?u?iTa :ik] o'Va^irb pVij?i 
(yiB? 'V ,^nia-oi»aTa) ^'aannn^.y aa iriKiin n^ans^au^ ,sn(2; ]a sVs ,p^n 
.(n' ,Ka 'p'l) n'aiz^na n'?na masa nnKtz^-ynt:? :(i?^rn •'sb) "u^-i pi 
Dpi apjT'a aab pXy »flb ,(n,nT^ ,ni^y^ =) inn p sa Kn-'aima i^'si 
naij?^ ,aiainn ns aiy^a jnar!? nt t^itb .(p hd 'aa) 'VKit^'a waty 

.p*Ti '?ttr tt^mn 
.••a'D :nsiinn nj?nn ^5? n^apna ^qajn n'w n'Kiiin niyau^an ixa 
tia — (»a»oa naiB^Knn "n Ve> na'u '>b niiia k^ 'a ck) v^o 'in = nao 

.ita naiB my^^n ]»Kt2r pt 



From the Stone Age (1940), p. 200 a 



*D'!Ki3n iiui'^n 

»in ,'Katt^'i VVna ^ap '»Dt p pni' pi : n naiJ^ia a pis niana wa^ 
♦nisia laV »a lasv^ naw pnnn ^n nam mm pna^b qs noiK n'n 
:\b JiKsin nats^aa ^3K ,D'oiBna noian ^D /"nam mm mo^ &x« 
, iia JQR) onaiV Nn'?'3oaiy uKia'sa «]« lai « , n a i n n i vn n ' ty y n k 
:yiK3 T\w^b iiotj^n iiyK lainan !?3? (58 nay D'xm T&"na = 447 iia» to 
nnyo ai s'aa pv/ai nam nnn n'o^y dk nais "at ]a pni' n .m p*a 
.(DF '^arab BTK'ana «]or n tt^n'sa «]N Kami) a' d 'bc^a^ iwn'fia p«x 

: D'an 'jB^a i^iBna 'mm n»B?y* 
.V^an Kn^'aan nana ksvu^ laai .mmn nan n» o^pb (k > 
pa»i :(53 VI ,a'm 'ana) qtjt '^u^aa nnyo ai tj^isa lai ,mm nia^^ (ai 
niDo^K p D^vnabK y:a» [Kwn Tra'y.nsVi i^ naanj ':ii naan ok nVip fia 
KaaK obynaVK |Ka n« dk3'?k tko '^y h!?i n'^y jKanaK^Ki na^ya »Vy 
p'mn^Knain min r»»B^y dk y't b^aanVK i^Kp naai nosa yea 'd Vay 
naK nana Krmi=) 'Kar p ]3nr pn ]y ^bnr ,msia p^ 'a ^asy^ naia 
'a^DiK 'aa ikb? ^y k^i ,nait3 'isa nm'i iai ^y oaipn* k^w /lai naan ok 
nain mm n'ary ok b'l o'aan iibkbt laai ,iaxy^ k^k naib ia»K na^nan 
maKV ivn'oa naiTJi nav n bjsi (.'Kat ]a ]am» ]aia ni paKa)! 'iai 
man nKTii/ :^iDa I'mai ,mmn nia'V ]"aya wish 'mm n't&y« oiaw 
»a lasy!? naw p'tnn f?K nam nixa t\wy wv; msan ^a >y Km p oa 
.IT nat&a^ "niaK pa^/a f attain «ik tt^voi (iivn'sa) ma pi .'msia ^^^ 

I'ypin nniT* iido n^mnatt^ ii'u^a «]K pi 
yps' K^ f?K imaa^a nam mm n'l^y ok 
.ypm lay o'pmj^b pK Tayn ^s ^ana 
^tt^ T n a n a a /nuroan KQiO/ya ppy pK «]dt n b^tsi ma pi 

Das Jiidische Unterrichlwesen etc. llSOa pTa O'Snni?? 'aiyn llpan 

1'B byi ,*mab// :*|pm* mnanw k^k ,52 may niiipan pVn .wien, 1873 
Kbi ,384 may 'ai^ipio 'ib ^ai»n iBD*att^ nayn laiama poii^aBK pmyn 

♦im ana noia nK i^'bk Tarn 
2 D»an T »anaa p .nam Tniin n'tt^y or :it nawaa mK noia 
K'laa tt>iBnai ,na pm «iio a noiai v pm «]1d k noia 'pa 'a-n niaK/»a pi 



[.iKia» my it niioa o'sbia o'lasa] * 
1^2/3 Tinj> »^Ji«n p^nn .Sayings of the Jewish Fathers i^jiV^u :]»»? .1 



h«l '» 60 

Tiiai ,nVan bv^ a'myatt^a 'Via«?a t»5 nK iwk!? nam: ]wbn i'k 

-ni'iyaB^aV T^ty nt I'Kur ,]aia5) nh^ men 'Jiwia D'nmDi D'oyana p ,ini'' 
n'si»n« ,n'3iv ,n»anK ,nn35?a 'isa nyir^ iiD\n .(ni^xu^ia nms^i naipa 
.(sort) las Dx D't5Dij?n ]wb1^ t V^aa nnyt:?! B^nnn lyur ]aiaa nma^Ki 
n^fi^nKai {"nvvvria ns iiaia |d1) D'aay niyau^an da nyi?-^ w"» nnaya 

.(nj?i5> '3? bnia-orjn) D'aci-y 
."fiKi, niyai2?an aa Tj^tt^-a nbi!?D *^iki 
D*ia - I'HK apy-" »3Da pN !?8 (wy) ^^•»1 - n r«? "laa j?ioBn aro 
PTi rnoN «vi8^ ^TKi : p'njrn k'ti .a'tt^nnni n^aiaipn a'^u^ne!? a^tt^p 
.mnK pKt» T?n ^»t /mnN// »ibk a'D'oia an»air .nniK vikV V^ai 
B'yaiyn 's^ .Nsa' ii&Ha lu^ -fnn !?s ^'?'l p"!j?t tt^noa an'mapya 
bix ^^'1) "j'ya^ Btrn nK tj'oin xw^sn i^»ki .lyaa psa ^*?•'1 : ama n'n 
Kb Tsrc? Btt^ntt^ ,K''n maij? a^is ,nD' pwan aiy^na ^^ Tina .(VVt^ f^iN 
na^na 'jnan |iBsa!? maaRani ,B"aiKh a'aannam B's^aurn »a'vb n'n 

•Kimy 'sa piofin nK au^^V laniK 
nKmna anayb yiT hm on=) ba'a Kin ,Kbaa Kin ,Tj;tJ^-ttr pn' 
apr 'aaa ts?b^ ^k i^'i :manpn nni5?nn p ip'nyn la'sbi ,'pK// 
n'lbnn niytyn k^k nKt ]'>m »kii .vnK apj?' ^asa pK !?k ^b'1 — vhk 
na mbtt^* .:'k fo 'i»'a piosn nK nnaaoK mina K'aa bk «ik ,nns?t»a 
,BnKb ima aKia 'B'Vdi b'Kin .'p's-na in !?k mana j?boa pK'bt&ia 
,mnK aa inob itt^AK baK .I'jr^z^ b^ia K'n pK-Viz^ia bvf nananiLr pn" 
.pioan nK Kiip lanKa inn h^v; na "»aV mv ik nbijr nnaaoKn bvf naiyi 
BK .mnn ^ytjr bv; inr«?aa nK a-'bVw aana anpinntj; ^"•s?'? laiaK 
K'sani ittrjr aj? ivpna n'B^Kiaa rb pia nbvt\n na bitz? "ry /]'anb nvp ,p 
I'onv mb'aa btjr ioik Kin pian .aipaa lau^'c^ amnn ^v o^a^alaKn nK 
niae^a lab B's;n» ,ia anaian ,n»vt2' 'aa "jitr niau^na B'ani .nraaaiK 
by niB'Db nanp nmnn n'aibK'a'antt^ ,])vv>i hu^bk .a'pnaia B"iin 
m mpaa .K»n mniKa naoin aninn 'aKa w^ ]a bki ,wv ^^ imvyty 
,iaiK 'iin .Tj?tt^i ittry ]'a "^vpn by yv Bia Tiiyn 'a ^n'anb nvpv^ 'Kni 
.••avn TVB^ in aa rs?a_^^ bjn .mn aar KbK.,niav wna pinKn pKtP 

.mn ai^" na^aoa y^aia ,^»vb nasa ,Kin «]Kty 
/"'inn* nasrV amini n'att^n maiz^ban 'ainna B'anin laK it nnan ay 
.niya^a B»ana a^abna ia"n na, iy aair^ iin"ai .naaioa ia na^bnniy 
ian»a nby ,nnyft?a ni'ibn |n ?biKt!7 ,nnytt^n isaiz? ,'»aiiao ]a 'a by e]K 
by ]T8ynbi /-[na Kbiy niaiz^bi a'bab lan'aiz? ,ni»i»BU?a ^lanb 

.naiaan |nKiin 
isa np'aaa'on ni»a laanyty ii'nn ba^ ima'B^n ip'y nK ':k nKn 
Vauvcnargues laK BKI .ByaaTy ]«3y laa mi baK ,iat2^ 'aibnin'an 
Bwa pi — .'Bn'ayo pai an'niaiyn ]'a a'a'naa aa'K B'arai an^yS/zV 

.ibia 'B^iaKn pan nK bibab Kbtp ,nKT ibk nia^an 



63 o>asn tip^a . ■ 

nsriem i'Idi i.t^«^ nvniinn ns oiriJ^y on :N» "bsi i'idi ma 
.Dna"p = '131 ni 1 n n n n d n » r sr h^ a« : rat? "a u'tsn 

nn in»^N *no pvi) nan^a K^tj^ nj? minn ^a n« la^K cimaK (n"i?w 

.(35 niaj? DiVtjr tt^'H mnna 
:nai« in »»">•• '-» .rn oniK nt»r *ii»« :nnK 'd «]1o onna mtm 
8333) /131 r33 Kin nn minn nK niyivi m iV'bk pja iai« nnN 
Kn /131 nTjna j?o"is?'j 'w i^'dku? ]»aa laiKTsa n ^poa Dtt^i,K n^ Kap 
— ]nV inn pjjr nin'n3n tw qki 2/131 nmnn ii« nariyi 'w i!?'S8 
(I niinn nia*^ ]"iy3 Dt^iab nipsx n»an' "i n3T «]« nn 
ntt^ijTtt? EsTK '131 naiK ma D'j?nx |"3y^ :t-i ,*» piD o'B^np 'fl3i 
Di« '131 naiK Kin D'sru^n pyV 'i3i o'aijrsar r3K |ist ni^iyi minn na 
'a3i »'i3i a»a»3u? 1'3K psi narij; irKi nninn nK nan 5? wkbt 
D'lznjrn D'DijraV minn nK a'tz^isrn D'3nan nan |'k :3'fl'npna 

.n r3b!? •'^'B^'ia K3ini /i3i minn nK 
pfl'pai D'STB^iV ]'a^Bra :a'^fi k^w ,]i)i 'sm ni3K3 13 ksi»31 
'131 na* |'j?3 minn nK Mffvv; mm '333 o'jrtt^i!? ]»aVB?a ,D'pns!? 
,1313 .Kain:n3i nyi |»y3 minn nK ittryw oik '«3 D'pnsb p'pai 
n K a » tp 1 5r vni a'pnx vn d^13 'i^ !?«? i»3ip ^3K : y> niK ^nlf?vn3 

»'i3i minn 
,3W3 IK iiw .K3n3 am Knp'oa ,niaK Kain3n=)D*3B Kan.Knp'm 
a» •>bvn ,31 niK 1^ a'Snn 'V3an aip^' :ym K*sr ay «]i 1313 mnna 
D^ywin ^3K '131 niinn nK D'l&iy antrr a'pnun : ("Kainan^^a /a^j? n 

3 /lai n T 1 n n n k ]»ipijr ]'Kti^ 
^3 'lai ^V "jattrn laKa ifib :*in^pfi "''•^j nnK^ 3»ny ,a'p B^Vnri a^mai 
T»»n *»' ^3 minn nK nn'tyjr bk T^n 'a' ^3 ma (D>'7dn3i) T»n 'a' 
^v K'la) iai T7 1313 ninna |"yi /i3i d'»33 'a3i D'a3 nKinv n3Tn 'i3i 
n3 kVk ^Knt?' nK ^Kia n*3pn ]'k :"a"n iions* 3'nsn i(nTn ir^mn 
1^ naK .Qb'iyb o'^ia im kV niinn nK ntj? k^ '^i^ki niinn nK lu^y'ur 
:''mK piz^ya 'aiB» 3''nyi I'isi niinn nK anansr laKi la^Ka ia'f?aB^ riJ^sy 
:'D»a'aVB*3M»i »Tniin ntzryai ana laia pisi nwi ^i3yattr pisi 
Vy Dn'33 n'3pn ^"k ,n 1 1 n n , n k q ' w 1 y oa'Kiy ^5? ^kh»' ^y d'313 D'K»3an 

/oa jmnaoa) i«3 «]« ona a' sma ks^s ,inmpna ,K3'iia pns» 'i^ "3>iit "ns,,! .1 

-lannaa) niina poiyn : "ijp»n„i mpan ji»^n m* D'oisna is'pn sspn »ai Dipi"a '2 
pDiyi n''Mnnn "aaia in;? i^>ss» na^a .- mn «ni?an i»j» i»ii .no niR a''»B nai 
.n nut bnp'>^ saiwna ia ksi'si .8i» niK b"i-\Ti 8?"n»na dw |"yi ,^na pas Kin »in niina 
/13") nnina D»i?oiy» o»ian iV»b« af>y»a bnpnhv »a Va :[i8 niay naia] « o'^nn »inaai 
I»wiyia»«i n*iiriapi?oiy]3'>Ri ]»wnDa» D«isyl» ^^ siiaK aa ,V'd nai nia»ai 
Hainan ,mb'>ipnw sVs .ana. »ni M«n onis n»j>» i»r ana aina niisan /"an osi nniK 
.(»•»»? .nnK ©"nan a ni« s"'d nai snp'iai 'nnis i'»ij? |'ki. sn'i' s ni« D»BDi5a 
.minn dk i^a»p »'?v 'iai niinn nK iVa'jpip t^'bt »«") nan n'WK'iaa «3 



I'lbB*)!!! »X-\V 62 



^anaai /di »mina ipovn'tj^ wa Vj? k^k nman insu Kbi» 'fl^i» :Dtt^ 
/131 "mm nan ^y k!?k nVean nan ^sr mnan mxia ^.Hv^ : k^ pneai ow 
«]oi' '1^ *ioian nao^ai .499 — 498 'ay "nu'i nitna*ai!^ u^ivaa b'tbi ona lai 
'r»a«^ 'a'aiaxn ^n^uai ,(! nnynau^ tji ana noiaa) laxa mnna ,min* ]a 
nritrn ij?n^ paan niyn'// ^iitth ,amaK Ta 'i^ "i^ 'd'tt^nSm voan 

.nu 11U ,a may 'ir»an ^la ,''D'VB^ii*a nnayn 
(*maV* : niKSina "ipin^tj? laa n^i) 1 1 nonx nKiaa bttd n'san Van 
aaaK D*?iyn nt nis'sa naiiaur lai^a :mib^^ nn .niisan iT'tt^y pay a 
It oy («a aa .Tya^') a'naiai nxan'w Tnn ^y nia'^B^n n»!?an nna^ «'n 
vnis"* vnsia maa"?! »aiya Kii?3n '?a (t qw du?) pi neo' 'nVnn »^ 'ms» 

.vn'ttry IK 
NTjpan 'TDD a laa ssaj 'mm nufSm nr wia'it^iy a^ ci'w!? v^ 
QVf ejKi .sipaa f?'jnn yn niry* rmsa ni»y* Dijpaa 'O'lniHan 

; nimn nan ns o'V — miyac^a 
t"\y\ TnTmiTZ^yK"? lamasi irana lani? ia"»a!?a n«i :n^ » •T'am 
onmian »n^K 'n nx m-^ib mi.T'? (sok) nasn :a ,t a D'a»n nai 
i2^T7^ laaVpn tnty 'a :» ,t Hiry pyi inisam niinn niiyy^i 
a'TT mas nas nt ^yi .oaarai pn Vxniz^'a nabbi n er y ^ 1 'n mm ns 
iraa nan »sa lai aisyaiy d«tj? na^a ira yap inim nvy :a*'s K'la 
na^n ritt^ y •> dik laVw noi yap miK m^)/'' kVx 'H'ly mis mz^y ^« t&")nan 
Kiiya ]ai (k ,n onai) muryV omaipi aniN omaVi naxattr wy»i annn^ 
^Knw'a la^Vi la nnKi nwy^ 'n nnm nK izrnnV laa"? n» pan »a lais sin 
Knn K^tJ^ yap imm niyy na pna a nowa 21a Ksvai .osB^ai pn 
nb»] lasy^ Tanai Q'in»V !?va Knn ik onnsV n^anai "jasy^ ^'pa 
nasy^ Tana nnnw ou^ai ,Qnns'? ^^pa Knn p psy^ ^'pa nnKiP au^a 
'n mm nK a^m^ laa!? |*an Kiry 'a naKac^ onnK^ rana Knn v 
pno K'li^ n»aB^ nnyn ]''yi) osu^ai pin !?KnB^»^ la^^i p inKi mi^y^i 

3,(31 niK a* 
ibvnb ,'mmn nma d"p<.]"3y^ "mm t\vfy,.]w'? ^»nd'aan pip^ai 
nra nK pnna my ]'k luwaa nnK^^a nt *as na : t"? "a apy ' n a 
»nmnn nK ptsny VKne^'u^ ny»a nmiTa nptna na'K ^Kni&» pK ^^ 
n*apn |n^ laK o'ait^n ]a o'ana nn' bpai laa : laiK mv p tj?"i : a "a av 
.ia nip^^ Vpa nn ikV cki ^wkV laa nn nmnn nK iiryn dk :^Knt7'^ 
t 'iai ibaKn pKn aw anyai&i laKn dk : laiK Kin nn lai bv wiva ]a'ni 
nainan minn nK an'o^y dk 'lainr tj'onao :Kn nana niy otpi 

.ni3ii»»na ista vmsia «^i .1 
The two versions of Abot de Rabbi Nftthan 'in^iA 1 ]>«9i .2 

.105 ,XIX ,HUCA 
>Mwy^i:»"jDa 19 'Bjr a'ain tiibosin ^oi'nsa ninna ,Ritjr^ n»nj>D ai^ oni»»ni .3 
n^wRia) pna i»j? iws Wfisn jin ins [ni»3?^i] /BDwrji pn "i»'a ia^^ oni* n»j>B n»ni& 

,na'3» i>s nnn oaipi btsi (a^'yi? j k'm) d«b?j?»' (n ra"* 



65 tthw i^vVar 

t^' - . ■■ I ■■■■-III- ■.■■■■■■■■■■■■.»■■■■— ■-■*m m I.-. - ..■■-■■I ■ - .. I , ■■.■■.. I I iiMi, I ji ifcMi M J ■■Ill I B«. ta.iaia^ 

mm 13 ]»t!rinattr mpa ^s^i niwna ♦naVi ni'03D ma^ i^'i Van riK ma» 
iraa ^syi :iii iioy d^ «]K iititd idi i^d!? nait dih nt lan V»att^a» 

.nniniam»y!?a ^syi tPiian, 
;*iTiih ntt^V// W n.iNiinn »ntt^^ oi'p w»r manij^ na baa iiani 

.minn na'V: pi ,minn nai d"|? 
'ATnaaj? n* ansa K»an "ii^"i3 .it nuK m»aa np^3,"irtt? lan itV 
nNia .nain n a i tj n»tt?s? dk : inn noia (89 may 'a p-to io7 isoa) 12go 
W »ria'i» Kim (""jasy V naiD pnnn b8«). nuaVa nnatt?« n^h |Na I'Kttr .n»n 
,«10K ,Q?3i«xn niaitt?na i ] i » a n a i tt^ n a ]»aiao iV lassa ^an >ibio 
tt^iTB Vj? |iKxn ^Htjri ^la-ip 40 iriay .a.''»n u^^my la'ania 'ir'pa iiNiin 
"TT ,«rTn |"»bn :a»Brm'i3i '«rb na Kin n« :a*3? tj?niaina3 TiaVnn nai; ^ 

DK :|3nia ^iTB^sa'? Knia'D pnna nin kVi niai pns n'n 'iV |a jrwiT* 
/1D1 insia ^^V 'b ipsj?^ naw j?»inn ^k nann n a id n n ' b^ y 
f?'3nn ,*aio nan mz^y// paya wid^ tp** nn ,noi3'? piao xon ^»Kini 

• ' >»nai Knj?aa. 

,niTiajin ni^»aaa «]« KSai"n*iin.n niisa q"j?/, |aiaa 'min nirry* 
nanam qk : [5o iiajr ]anan nnnna vninsnmsr] 'pipan v.'^n. i«^b* 
ittrK niinn 'ttnsrnaKn. 'b^ik f?sr nwB -inK^ kiVi Kia» kii '? iV nan 
»X'p ^1.3 K?3 innKnfpn dn'Vy iB^ana naKn mnya onn» ibt" Hi^ 
nnio3=) mans? Mia [an]Vj?|?nntt?K3nai3nV isia» ^k 
minn»tt?ijr ^la ^jr na^B — [nm' inaiaKa pnsi] :niv otyi t (niinn 
anaaKi ta^ay "ii3y.3 iDBU^an n'3a ^k a^'r in^Kmin' n»33 • 

,^^%n nnia3 
jr»in |ni3h ^3? lann ntPB : 55 iiajr d» naKati? na"a»yapBipa 
nnM n!i» Kin paa^n k'3 o'ai'aK ^y baa'niPK i!?iaa xik 1^ d^vV 
nu^KS n^aV^K laaBW iBTK minn niz^iv. n*'^n\ 'HnB nan nianani 
;Wii'Bi n'?sra^> aoia *minn ntj?iy./T2r itt^BKv »iD'av3K ni^a^ aat 
* .minn »13't annai I'niV nanrBi n»aV^ yomv ik ,nninn 'tt^ijr 



K a , : nms nnstf b»3V .»aiya /BDwan :i»ii»b i»i3 ■tsB^an mw* .1. 
t»y.= IB n'B ♦80*1 8nB0in ^pa»nn n»3i» sa i i»»tti» ,'n»aV 8v i»i« nns 13 »"»'i»V 
n»a^ jwn ;(nw ]"a»in jicj-jj 'b^ s as T»y Niaiai) t Vsa-r ji3 n «?»»» «aa i«* ' 
n'B D»nat nawa .Vidbh n»aV saa i (' "» * ^ « ^'"'"'^ d'oibi) ra »'d kiw saa sriBoin »»iann 
^»B^ B'jisan i>S8i .laMsi's nijri •? tb mnna 'Bin ,pBon n»a^ oasn ;mV»apai (3"jr njr) j 
iip»' naw n«oa n«o rSVj iio« pnas «p 'si : na may /ji»» niima "nipioa iiiaVn, 
Vy) 88 niay isi ma^n = osi -np'j? Va 1!? pwa irann iT»a^ pRa iVj" i« n^ann 
»n»b j'«a i«saji i^ii» i» pan ii'pv Ka» nsoa nso ni!»V iioh 'aswai :0m ans »d 
m ^« t"* '"^'* 0B»afi n»a «in ii»b .-52 iia? d» ,"n»fi.a nnw nipaai .-lai n»a-i 
\>*. ]8a — iittB»» miBiit wnai iiy»Bn» nainai aewa^ «Vj>» owai D*an d'Ost Tina wbob 
I3r»i' aaittai afiwaV ii^y» awai) an si j"iy »in» /inn poB j)is»a nipai ^y i»*ib!» 
»awa "ttB»a„i 'jn,, /SSh tit— .a b» an a) pa i« ,ttBwan jsa i»n»B «^« /(I'lai 
.y 1 1 » 3 /i»nn pOD jns»aV aai aavai" aa n»ai«ai B»aan jw^iai xipba 



]'ib»ia« 8Jiti> 64 



pvaip HDian x»n ii »k xn ins n k»»9 nan anaiai »'idi min bw»3 
^iTiyiya nxn n»ij?i nstn nmna nna iv« n'oN '"sa n^nn mina nisra 
US pizriy inwi^'sa n'Bnya Kt'K nurna imk k!?i n»^a3;a nas k^i 
iDoaip '^'ST Dbo p «]or iran iv; niana niaSn 'poa^a) i.min nai 

(.minn nx ]"'b^ivv ib'xa :8n iiaj? Tnainj? mnna ,"'u?i^ 'oi-ian* 
616 1 413 J 54 Tiajr Di^B^ B^'K mnna ,na"i in'bK *noa nain ^'aii 
n^'B inoa^a 435 iiay ra (ra) >42i ttus ('npna D'jna nmna V»j;^=) 

' J 4144 ta (t3"a)B » 13,890 tntsa'ra 439 
JQR noatt^) ^NiK^' ana iKni?3ty niau^ D'5?aijra ,D»n'Tyn ^tb' masai 
nava anaats^ mvnn nx lu^yur onaj? «ii?3 :«oo676 nias; ('ipw ^na 
nn fi'B^jr DK ,]''j?naizr ptya ^att^ pun pB^ r27468may dbt ipvn 
/lai D^ijrn «iio nj? ^^1^ ^atJ; aion piya n^a^aair m 1 n n 
min ^a re niay mnat" n'aan »ip^'=[a ,n] s nan Qn'u^n rtj^ai 

.ap5?» iraK niata ntn DVijra (pn'^sai I'vaan) I'u^ijr ^nwb^ 
nau^ :^«;a^ ,'nnin iia'"?^ ]aiaa «]N "min ni^s?* i&ia'Tz^n Hsaa ^aK 
2 , n ^ tt^ y 3 ■ ■'fia 1 m 1 n dth ba pi aij^r ntz^aur iriyn ^y nVj?n 'ai : K'jr " 
nwjr uannjrn i^^jn 98 iiaj a^a irn mnna) kbit ps 'im naoa 
Ji^Dj OKI Dana nana Hin ^na oipanv laiy itVjt ^wn n"?! oana Tmm 
iiVia D^iyn ^a ns anna nnx nssaa min nan "pjr naip 
orp./ HKmna 'mmnurs?* D12? lassa naa^;) tj'p o'tinn B^nnaai 
d'ona laa mh nt o'nnia nn t'TK' t''^'^ ""^'^ * ^^^'^^•i ^V ("niso 
D'^B^iVpn^ »ix'ai »V jranb DTK nu^s 0^ ,n 'Vwa) '^iv minn K^n mn^pni 
,K a^) wmi nninn nK iis^y N'?iy na ^jr «"?« ana j?iia n'apn i'hu^ 
'wi pntt^K oaTKa 'a« dj 'nnainViaiurn 'na lanxn D'Kna 'na nj? (a^-aa 
'a oamnaa i!?aK»i nyn isaiir 'a nnn naVi naj^K n^i 'aaisip' is njur nnisa 
na"i« Kin pi ,Dni« naana «'ni niina «a^ nnb n'n ,Djnnn D'sna nawa 

.TS' nn^** nna lasa p^ ,'nB na'ana naasa 'n nnj? (n ,d' D'^nn) 
^NiB^'Svapn p*? laK p ^4^^^2V Qi"?!!^ tt^'s mnna ,in»!?x iioai 
,TBa nin nninn nso lyia's^ (n ,k j^ij^in"') 'n^iina oa^ »nanap K^^aa 
#niin i^ia nv/^'> naa^n di' a'a' nvfv; ^a nas^a o'mjr anniy 'b ^jr hk 
Tz^inan rra^i npaan n'a^ ^^•'1 natra natz^-Ji ons D"'att?» o^isr^ na« ]a'a 
' uny Djr 8^» n^apn^ nmaa if? ]»K\y 'a^ 'iai o-'S'aaa nai»»i mina Nip' 
niata u^nTan*) nns^j? 't n^« ^a nsi (a .10 n'jrv;') naKati^ la^a mm 
laar 'n' n^apntJ^ OB^a :ii3 may db^i I'lai (dw Tinan mj?n ,'niinn 
maa oipaa n'ai'^srn w^nv 'atj?a *t*t» a'a^ij? 'a^ijr'?! D^is?b ^^^aa ^nan 
b'attra ^8*iB?' ^E? an'a'a ]att?i Vnan lat^i inu^npi imsani inia^ai i^niai 
nnu^i Q'aia nxai o'na nsa mmi i^b^m^'bn nas p'a ,iB?yur mm 



.^"fni nains nuns ]*iy .paion »ii'Bn — d» '3»n j"jjr3 ,i 
» n 1 » » b 'ntt'Ni m » ^ »ntt»N iniin i sa in'o rinVswa .iin' oip^^a ]3i .2 

♦PiTa ^» nanin N»ni 
.HI lift}? min» |a t]OV »ib ntsian iDoa pi i3 



^1 o»»3n twlitt 

Kna'^Ka Kn :«*y aa m»a' .p'jn nais «^ '3'ijj? in^an naix iin 
Kn'anaa :(»""aiTns?) a*sr ap ]'^ina iian nutsp niosy ^jt) Rnrupa nh 

n^apnm .'a'^K 'raa 'rop I'Vu^a kj?! ax ^y «]« jh^j? ud Kysa Kaa 

t.Q'ajrB naa K*y do «ina Kaaa "pp - dt^k* 
I'Bpi Dwa kVilH n»a n'xn. Kin nyov nia : a'v a Kap saaa pi 
]»»pT DiTJ^a k^an n'a n'xi Kin mtt^y n'u^ "lai tiki mw '?aK kd'idi 
: tt^TQttr '''ttr'n ,nx naiVa .K^an na n't» nitt^jra Ha'K nyaiai mya ^aK 
Kini .('?»y^ 'npnynv *iVp nai&a iiiw^ pyi) laV pva Nin «]K ,!?wyi nsp 
2. isp iTD D»a h^ am iTd p ^tt^ }(a*y na naio) Kn^nan pwV 
»Km sy"D N^aai koid KVaa nnya k^k t^K^y aa iwp Kaaa iiy pi 
.B'pDtt^pi .cpn I'Dp iy iiKis n'yip d'!?K//) n'yip |»Bp '«ni n'yip d'^k 

.'j-'opa «m 'a'^Ka Kn : a^y 
iin 'Ki 'aaya K^n 'a»VK 'b^k an 'ya :a"y nV ninaa «]» psri 

.("ina ty'-yi) *sa 'aaya rj^bp 
'ai' inK «nB?n :K*y no pivy a.^pp — tis* qirsn nta ssi»a 
pioy^ 'I'tJpi |B^»V »anN lapa «inw D'a* :Dty wb ■"'ttrii .»rDpi 'anKT 
4.nii2jaai niina pioy^ o'bii rnai^ tj?» *in« ptj^^ai .'msaai mina 
,]'opi TiKT Ki'aK nin yiai (natan >xk) warn ana »ki :a*y ao o'natai 
TIKI «a»at< nin yn ]ryatPK 'Hi :a'y aa ]»aii»ya pi .a»ao saani ana 
in^ra «a'» (Krupi »a»i«) ppi ^ik ra'y no pirya pi .«^ ppi 
:N*y n^ oniiatr ]iBrV iniH o^isi .ns : «in 'pop// b^its i^Kn niaipaa 
iiaj .naraa |^iai 'iai max ^y k^« ina'aitr ma^a n'apn ]'K pni' n nas 



.D»3i5p D«ap : p>»nj?n yiit- iini ^as #0 » p i o^aj? : i?n»B »3»t5i?n r\"\ D»a»ia .i 
nisns, :(]iii3i .ani oipaM ik "nia Kin isj? Dipan :«"y ad sina saaa isi .a 
BipV'3 uan p»ns;n nai) i »t"b nan o'TB^n n»»a is #n^yaVB namintsaVa mxpw it 
«]io B'">ai "iDD,! niKnoun anai /I7a iiajr k /O n'larVi a ta jT ,iJ»-n»y»»^ ♦'j^aan 
nniina >nii?y »an /Wna a*n xnp'oua baR ,(7 nay |»»B»5>p»a s-sn ninna )"y) k spoe 
j'K »B nnati" p'lia itiK jai 'iai ntsa^a nis iin ni^snn na : (I "»iBO„a) s- aap tji laia' 
iV« ^'in nsnai /iai nua^a ms «»n» nn nanna : n ni« »iipB naia /Kainana ia «xi»ai 
: ntj»a» ("iBB.a) njrpn ran n'la? tsipV'a t)« ]'»jn ."nixp, nsiina i»pna» on onsiB ♦aip'n 
80 nia'jaa lata «si»a . n i s : no'a (t »"n» »"naa) ayn tai n»sr»»a i^»si /nttB^a 'nixpi 
?i»8 t)H mvan n« ^ap^ »ia ntja^a a nil n^ya^a "jsp m -i3i« na (8"j> n» ]»aivj>) «'y 
.n»iB na*) n»»Riaai ,(d» o"i |»»5>i) i^in ns l>ap^ na nuaiia nanii fi^ya^a nisp 
isp aoaa is ani aoaa :«»jr »«•> ao t\vo i»»j>i i]^yaVa mxi : (niKnbian ^aa) n» 
I'an D»j>»aan : u na^n m»nan n»a nia^na n piB D"aanai .(n" Tiy iiiyai ,»«»ia »'yi) 

.*) s p in'iii»i am ]n»BW (a»y na ninaa) ns'inaoa^s nioia^ 
."isp a^ - am aV, ? "nisp nyi„ — 'nani nyi, : »i»»an oa nii»ni 
.fiai-l^iR : (a"!? 8B ,a"y ja «y'sa Kaa bwaV) na^na D»»a»a ,]t)p— ^11R •• nVapnV .3 
j'a'iR 'ai'i-'Bit »ai» («'y n mt miay ^waV) niabra iimk B'lspi b'siik ca*^ a 



Iibaian «jitt> g^ 



rm^HiB^n Nyi«^ p'^o ID NTT '1 :«"$; r,io ns «y^sa xaa naoaa D'?ia'? 
nsa 3"»m ;nmDa k^t ^an 'a ,n'ra nn^aa Niaa nanw^i Nn-'ayn riNa 
3'Ji'i ,«maxT 'V'M n'l^^y ]»^£33i n^at&a 2 i^y^K /^ a^j^yi, j^t.^ , Kn'innK 
n'tt^DJ pna mn ""ai' |*n^n "pa .di.txt xna .ra oi'rm »»?n 'r Vnx nxa 
iTa lan'in «av .siia n^a KoViy mn «Vi .Tua a'n'v p'Vo Knan law 

.n'ptt^ ^'^^ 3 pup : nit» inpi n'pw lain'si xa'y pan 
4.m.n Kxw tt^'j'Ki :'»»i u^tqi .mnnoiaa Kin la "nyirr r^^n pop* 

5. D'tt^naan ixu? «]« iu^td lu^n'oai 
.T^jr 'b'ap man 't n^aa"? hy nf^n hti "i :na» k^j? la nianaa »]k 
pinaoa ma ssrai .panV Ka» xar Kn»as? 'pw ^nn Ka'Dp nana 'k 

.p inia nnK^ i"? iKip 'aria man ^v nB^sraa K"jr t^ 
Kin |ai in'pB^ I'Dp Kann :bkt oioia noun db? pinaoa nam 
oiDiatt^ kVk ,Q'JB^'n D'oionn Vaai |Ka "'»ia niabnn nnaKa ,pni»?s '"aa 
may d'KIioki D'Kan 'owa »ik p^nya |i»'n nouai .in^an ]"aiDiiBp3ia 
'atpi]a3'»a "a b^nb ,Ky'sa Kaaa t 'ana naaa «ik Ksaa ntn noiaa 6 .f'p 
^lani .ni3»p vpwio •n'pip I'wp* irns'? la'Vy nt u^itq 'b"? .Kan t 'ana 
..„ 7,«vi 'an ^ttr iniawp 012? !?5r 

/pp* nKiina 'pup* ('iioa k!? |ai) iiaVna Ksaa Kbtz? nKiaa^ k!?k 
a»y TD n!?'aa /iai nin KSia tt^'a'K Kain ai :pja) 7iJ«a wamjrn p dtz^^ 
:n^'3pan ]wbr\h «ik ksi' lai ji&ina ,pT :K'n 'pp* nunin .(nann iiyi 
:^ttrn^ .niaipan 3113 "ti^i ^k vts ]ai .)'Bp - ^aioa ^I'tsp - d»bK 
rpT KiniJ^//) I'BpT Kpia' 'Kn :dk 'V niaK "aK laKi :k*'V iVp na^y 
Ka^iK^ Kaoipa n'lV'y n'piw'^i ("lay mViau^ K'!?'tt?*) n'a'Ki KnV'oa in"!? 
iV'nn' 'i^ipn o^Kia T^jr mp'Vn'.ani inK niz^Kii ixp 'k nwKi K'^'wn*) 

.('iai "anin is*? lawa'i 
'am : a'y na |'^in .('D^ip pi.) in"Vp ]'i3p 'am p'a : a-jr r ]'aiy 

noiiV.«ma^nD»ya'i« »(« il» imnao^ "nan T»a .Tail pii^o ■»' s"^) '^"«< "f*" '^ 

.Dw nnuio »?"?■» r*" - ^""1 • "'"' "'" *1''° ^'P ^'^'"^ ""^"^ 
.8yV»« n :« w nwiai" nm>an isoa d'oj an .'ssj^it n :(b«i p'y) ins nou .2 

.|85 -iiay oVwn roni* l"sa ai awa » iimj> a pl>n R'asn nnnna "^lawsn,, r'J'i -5 
.T«n Tiy D«»»n nnya nai .«i'up laa sini si»s>t ") »aV»n'a d»bj>d^ 'a nRiai sjl d»i 
.D» Kysa «aaa I'-ajrn ninani .(i79 ii»y) «vvp TUf b» T""^' *'^S' 1"''^ 

!♦?» Tin WBp !('»? "'''»!!' *!'"' °''') ^'^^^ '•"'^'^ ""'^ ^^^^ '° 
D» nwaai .n'0»->a nail ssis : a"? a oma "jvnb r'J? 'iwa i-w 'ii'3 «'« 'pa. •' 
,n3a«. K»n »ini-niin» .nni 8»n 'ini-niis»a n^aiVo n« swia '3«2' B3iP« «"V « T» 
nmn : (k-j? la naio) i'^ »'? »it nibia HJ? ^»a^ l^i ^'^^ nans «'n ♦ini-msp 
? 10 KVi 'iV i8ir na^ ,]s D«i .D'la^ mVr - aninw ^a'ans m^i» - o'lsp ... m^i» 



\ 



nil mta n'h 'jpob 'Tirii Wk^inn rttif nibv "fftiKaV ;^iY ir^^^^ - :• 

riiaiiibai »i»tjp> iik jop' i^Jr Tiij^a tovfe ]3t .n i a » j? nn ttr nyiNt td? 

'iH r'J!''') V.|'3srn Vaa a*^3» «ii a'ntj w'KimWna ,iiiaiha /jriV-iia ; 

(>aki ki»»j?n n^jriaa Va^j; y]'*i)»x 

snnnaa »*?Br% oaaKi .a*rai nypa» )»bnV fa nri^vniiJ^ Vtir nns 'hiiiS.. . 
^fm nil n'7i?i'» la'an »itd =) dw hiainaa hiaijpa hb'ttra Kainu^ 'Kbp 
nnjrn w^jn 112 "iiay ,rsnn o'btff'ii* ,|v»tt^b» ]*'in nTinno .niainaV 
yann B^iTfii) a*y os »]nV dbt pi ,11 1 a^h n 'i'up : tj^S's (fiiNnoia^ piaa 
■til av Niaana «]» ksi» pi /lai irpif n 1 a ^ h n yaSx i> I'nttr ;(134 iiay 
.ira It nniQ3-nTn |"JS?a /'hij?^n# «*?» ,ni30p hnii^ p'S *"*in5j?ii&'ttS 

.iiaVna niaipan iKB^aiP 'SV'iST K3'»p« ^^^ 
,01 niabria btt^a^ ,ni^mhiayna>iK^^k^^ 
: (556-^55 Sa^non^'n h"inha)^a niaj? ij^m a!?p «in a'nb tj^'hi mnna 
I ana) ka^ain D'ya 'aaa ot ]'p»Tna pK (K^jr rp |'!?in) K'l&'iBr.a vk 
Kwa ^ax ,k''yaKi knJa'T Knirii nnwaiiK (VKiav naain :'i^»n 
sail 2ort)p 'pKniib : 'iVm "ina) »3'Dp vnitt^ oiva «vo« «aij 
. viai na irki 

|iaiy tt^vfl la Kxrai >ppi pni* ,]'i?"r :httn^'& (»r»p) 'KJ'tjp* V 
'•aK iraT nia V : riyn p'o\imVa hia^n *s?nT Tiix^a Kainti^ h*»aKin 
ayj D'TJittr ,na h'KT v"i^^ Qitt'^ p Ira "»Knn' am 3 ...ana h'ii ""itjrn 

-♦."'lai QK'sin^ H'sinattT' 



»3 n'T a'S» ^ tji I'tt's '"w'la «n»V lai "RSJisTf «Va ,si»»i? »an t^^wia ^5 ins .1 
'«i«i Vsynk'! s bibia •iB'oin'i ,»i'>tp p»a» jS'nK ^sk /"nyiK-t »3»t3p, :i"»i 'Oinai ,n»jfp uinn 
si" inyn tJN .nwyaai n'l d» j'B'Ji 'oinai is R'aB»ia e]S--]85i /«3'Bi7 »)ai, ts-'nn 
p-i nan (a"y kJ"? tji ssib oVdi j'a'8i=) b» «i»»w >8n8"r, sVa "^i'Dj?, s^s'p'Hy.i 
.1«3 i»»3yn »Bi> piap psii iniBj? mer ri'-in d» »v'bi ,KyiKi srop : biai ♦i»n awyan 
a nwy n^i? tji a'-no w-kS) t\mn vx niaSi »«"> ni\>m nisVna iiy ia 8Si»a .2 
iiuy a pyn paV«'ninn» i»i3»«n iBbai .»j»i3p ('iiniip) »38»»ii» :(563 iiay •ia»»iib'Ti>»n 

.'iai » 3 tj p ]»Bin inx »B»fi)aV J 128 
nftBBa B»nkstt h\> »a ,rTBihn |B»tja fi»»a«"in' isoa i^r b*^ tisija irs»3 r^v.3 
mVns nia^n inya Ri»i 227 iiay iisa vsTin' "1 nSya rV is»aiBBN^ ".t'^sri ibdV ijiaBi,a» 
.28 ia»6 108 nap B'iipl> ^avn ib&a is»aiBBR bv inaRa eiR I'^'yi .233 —•^236 Vjjy 
nVaa'riR p»nyn rVi ,ii'\v'?n sb ^aR ni^n* niaVn »iai jir ja »3b^ p»nyn yiij iiRa .4 

.no jB»o «)io ifl»ni nib»K ,nann?i SeDav hpnyna i» nVa n^iBb lai /Ra»Bp„ 



jjba^ «»•»!» gg 



:w^i^,/^yiWp wa^, nm ia nasi ^^m ^y ^nnn hn iz^na'i a»wi 
D?Mi3 mau^ iz^^ni mno ^pi nni .tj^«r n, : witd |kd t^Dp. /idi\]»dpi nnKi 

,T>.-»»» Hi'Dp '^n 'KaV^na man n*^ nas na^v 'ai ^aa^ *nK lya na 
'ba*) 'sa^'na man *}a» n^aa^ pm in Kn« nsip ^a^a n^Vi 'n^a ^lym 
mny nxiina rtjj? |Na «iki .'ao tdij? ^^ mxi 'n"a Nivia ^-k K^aioa 
.I'Dp T3sr Hraij^i ly > : t ,x ntt^is nai na"»Raw' ^B^an m -I'atnV iijr, b^'i 
2.(nN2£T. nnn ^u^ mdqi ,nti' las^niy ly =) nj?D3 KrtjpT n'ij>pi 
,111^^1? DB^ ^]? kV iV Ha KT"! ") ^10 vwa »]Sttr .nna nKia nt ^a 's'? 
pDj?* .lyiBT 'lainii i»na ]v in. niana nvnani ni'jynn d» ^jr Kt'K 
-i^arin :^'y^ mainijr 'au^nnoiani .o^piB? ^nn urina : iwitd ^nyB^ inn 
B saj? Kaa ^v nt> u^aa nan ]itt^!?n nm .D"pny-B;ina ,Tnn = n»p? ^tsp 
xnn :naKT naw .Kxin sxnB^ : min^ a^ ia» ,Q»Kaon niVin 'Ka : k'y 

3.-inattr nxpaa mn 'la'aa ia a^'i .i'i»ya db^ tjy naina ktt n 
.|»p nnnina *pi3p* iia^na ]'Hiy ,pao sV> mana laiatnip niaipan Vaa . 
."HyiN-.y 7iaoi? "i^up^ |TB?t» nab n!?k ia*» iNura nV 
>nn rv6 iin nn nKa n-'a 'poa nm siaa Hinn : a^y ks niainaa 



e|n ,laia miina n5»«^ ttip^»3 tai) msa swna vns's Ki'awi is? t "Jaia minnaa .2 
srawi ij? :«'o .n"o sa»»n T»n «i'a»i ijr i8« «i»iia -.yon ^ly iiij?av.(s nis K-y na 

.n»»» 8»»na »»na 

'isr 8Ji»»Vna ^an 8n»»VKa ♦^»o «ini oai n»?i sna^i'K »« ns'ia «n3n»»a'r xtsno : ki 
.Kn»»yna «sw n^i Kna»^«a 8i» 8l>i nt) ,nK»ia 8nantB'»ai iw'n ^a stsna 'lasi pan «a»«i 
"niBS 'nai naa t'i!ia 'bst /nipiDD ma^n« bv »iayn laisih Rinw /"iin ni?^n,ai 
nkna tjna (m ansa la) 'saaw Dii?a ^a B^iai8» D»aan »»i 'lavnipna Vas ni»iay.a 
iK tiay na |»i>ina ,'iiai»na «jr '^Vn*^ it nNiin nKsaii). .nij?ia i»ai may a pa 'U'lt) 
•iK^ niaVn.a Dsin ia Hsrai .pii inn i»b :'"»i "di /lai jrais »»Vn*? 83»ao i3»n»»B 
"^''^ .(e »Vn Tiy D^»n ^1'^y ]"yi pi n»8i» |»ao I'K'aa : 193 iiay «]io 

ona t ^"an "nipioB nia^n* 'nai ns DA>n na nay »3»b» nwisi "n^ntni iso.a ^as 
t»a nsna n«saa» tana D»iai8» o'aann ia »»i »iai naop- enaa ^as -lai n8»ia HKsaiiff 

♦•1S1 njttj? ]»a nViia 
tyxasa i*y xa t]i v'l ,i»n i pis ntjio ♦aV»iva ,]Bip — 'aiy jTu«an ns i^y niwni 
n>yB^»ii n»aaf7 Bip!"a) inm WBii? >aa jm n^aiyi pni fUBip »aa jm n»»aiy iin nipnn na 
ima :n ms laia »ma» sainana .(im n'ay 'as im K»3Bp"i pi s'itjp ♦aa inn n»ay xv na 
a ni8 -s'B nai mawa pi a niK i»»n sainina ^ax ,nnrtH ^v n»Ki "isa n nv^ ^v rwsrt, 
—.nin* ?»» n»8i ixa it (niip i paaV «np»DD) nipn ^» n»ay «a nismaw RniBit «np'osi 
small niiwni.«''B ♦-pin d^yaa pyi ."iBp» »i«i pi :nianp nin-jinV »BWB»pi« «)« 

j^ ifi'SBiaa schmal-^ n»i>a3Kii 



71 n»»sn jw^a 

^'mifl »iai3 tiin# |w!?)9 "D»nim# ,i^a'p»tt^ iiod minn nK anai^iaiVs 

,omaK »an iiaa^ nVMnn 'VB^a DoiiBan rnn^ D'«a wk 1K3»1 
nv^n mnna jqr | k a i i^*ki 66 'ajr "KaK'TsroAr ,i d a b^ n» !?y iaoifi«t» 
may r'tt^n d'»^wiv ,n' nau^ "jvs// ^na^'u^ nvai ii^'Ri 157 may 9 i*ia 

; laKa (66 KaKnjro) mna ,^V»K1 8 
onana in'aa ^Knu^' nan 
onian Dina •»Ba •»83' ' B X 1 1 
^•aa |«a |"y ,umi ^v h^ mana /w mam// ,iai^a z^nai^'flxi 

.177 Tiay n naitr "pann* ,155 iiajr 
man ]w^ tt^a'B; •^x')*?? ,ii-ja ,a'in» maipa naaa pi ^'an ^aa 
Kni?aa ttni'B bm np'njr mioav nxiai .o'lmwai a'ao^B |w^a nraNi 
oann i ,i n'sru^'a nr mioa ia»sa oaaNV.nn nxiin^ nic ne^a'a^ttr «»h 
It nsmn m»"jnu?a liKiaa |saai 3 j Vb a a maisai - nss-i iraV/ oainan 

.B^aa b^ piao nV la'sa k^/'b b^ «ik jinBoa 



.'Ki>ir 'a D«^a |i^» K»an» jisan »n»B3- /niin = 'tmn, .1 
liwi" OK nrV Taonw 553 nitty k» ^la m^r\ nmo JQR pn'n »i'& is oaam ,2 

.V^yV irKiv laai ,01:7 Taa onain »ii»6a paon Vy lay «»>» sVr ,5»"3n I'a 
nay a"wn D»V»n» nn'itj 'k ain ninna) n «it •\'>mvph ♦'»»s.bV "nTnan n^a.a .3 
.1DS1 in»ai .lans ^a iiiaa ir«» iut :i»n»B mn»aia j»k» d»t nwa I'lyh :ana (26 
.n» ta»t) »t3a»R Vs^sa "1 n"i»a nwain »i»«an V» n ni?OB ,ajK tit t!»i»aa n»aiaai ia«in 
\\vbn o»i Dw n«ain (•nn'ainVa,, iy "nt3»» t]8i,a jwh naawa) 24 iiaya» np>oi>n pi 
/piJta Tinan na n»|?nn» /'oViyn ijaV pstsa n»ipa a b a a » a^wiBa w»i, : aipaa ,}|?iJia 

1 pfioa wiipB iana» D»»iBa »»i — :d» aina 



JlbjaiuR »i^v 70 



:cinn T^i? pio nu^yn kV misa ,crao„) -^m msa nsoa ^an 
na ij^' KWD ^npn pwn nm p«j ^mini ai ana. naw"? nti ,d'3Bp 
tt^aaa |'a iiipa |»a nnoK nnVai nanntt^ 'b '?5? «i«i tn •?«; i o ^ a u p P 1 1 t i 

Q'n nxa min 'Kiiaa id3 tt^*« apyi :naK t na^iB nai n^wKiaa 
«113«T loan man nan 'iai *,-?»? vxn n*^ n^ar 'jin "i yau^ ,nB'nB? paiytj 
loan Bian ,t!? naK i^wn ntj^yaa my db^i .Kaij'?i«V Kao «mi tbsi 
3 .Kis^iHa Nao H'm t d 2 1 ^ 1 s 1 1 KBbijpa sau N»m 
nnon nai "isjt-i «]is% D»Vamy otjr T'a'? iiyiTsa rn vyn naai 

.nai nanaai nan i\bnp ^'nan Knp'OB ,''aViyn»a ni^'apaa 
- '>wn ntt^yaai ,bo k lai tnry DipV'a Hin p D'oioin noiaa ^ax 
.5 mitt^^ 51 'ay iniK'n nnyn |.^?y ,ra bv pui^ v^ai ,,»tj;^t, onvaa 
Q»iKni Q»K3 onty Tma^n oaai ^nan laT :v|dsi «]15{i ,'"'t2?i ttr-)»Di 
ia:ty nott^i. n^ yia-j /i^a :anD ^sn Tiy piyni ,(3p5?' nai om) nabnnV 

.(»:in n nai oni) pxa 
.naxi pw^-inym nan ]w^ "tisi^ niqk b^tq '»*B>n 
nam nian iitt^*? *«isi« ii'sa ,j?BiDa Y'aa lyn'Dnv 'q by «i» nam 

.D'at3»'e 'oa 
: yn Tiay Ji'u^n o'Vtt^n'' ,roi ibo ,«"'!?T2;a «tt?».a ,'iiKa nnyo an 

«isin 03§ •»? nan^ 
«]S?Xai n§ nsifli 
4. nan ntvin'-B '►jsn* «]NBr nina "hb nsiBi« le^anna 
: (Bnn may db^ ron nsoa vVy ^nivyniy) 18 niw nsB; may r onnnoai 

v'l'ijj vjn: 0''3ns n5?j?a Dj^nj? 
visa*? •>ir\'}] Dg'^nn nlnln 'an 

. Q n a ' ^ : nsnaa ivn'B 
nsD n»Dw naa) 'c^'^it^n ^xiau^ 'n^iy iDVBa e]K nxnaa u^nB^ «;» pi 

:(2 nnyna natau? ,p^' n» ^y «ainttr ,71 may a 



»» 131 , " N a » 3 i? ^31 8i» sVi 8'iim Ri» s^i,. : ni'?iia nisVn »in oiain sin .2 
*ii68 »a»3pn :t liny »st a tit 3 i7Vn >ia^ oiBt ,ivi iwan /iitj'yn, isjoa eis ]prh 
"nipiau ni3!?n„ a«3i«an niaiwni JiinV8»ai .(i » a 'jj p i : 8i»i) » 3 ' a f t saw s^ nim ©"V 'isi 
IMS nannKi" i»'y — |»»as>V .(i8'i»si?a :8^i) sa»ai?a ^V'ki 'am : -isi^ tis a la'o 

.B' myn 122 ii»y a j?^n pa^s-Viswsn 
»'yi n»jri>j3 83D 8»fii n»^> rj'si : ]i»8"in nwyua D'asa s>ap imnnaa ini«»n .8 
^3» .'131 luan tJian «n»!«i /sas^isa Katj R»nn iss'i ir]isi :»a»n n^yaai ,wn^sai a'»a 
T)j>a 8»an •luan tsian, i^»8i ,i"3tt R'an •i&si t]is*),» ,^11S^M '^ik N'an!" fi/' lan^ 

iKnp'Oon p Ban 
.aw ninjrna 8ain» {105 iiajr 1 mv f ♦ain) j 1 ^ ' n"> ^» wn's f'J''' •" 






73 Jinayn Ji«»VaVSty >j>stt«s 'aiyn ii^»»a 



IT r]iia iVea pKi .nraisr nmVi»>i>K 'U'ln >d^ nun s|i»» |»d 
'nrna» *it?K. ,x\\mr\ '^nti^ |»a D"i5ja»o D»on» ;Waj?3v nwtt nw^^^ 

nii'S'a nianan nnrtvan nrj^an (2 t Kinip ba |i^»?)a »ia't&a D»3ito»n 

.rii?a^yn nv^Kp^oaVrt 

. TJtiai ,nT3"aiK mnytj ejitt^nV ^^K nsia H'n nVs riww Viir |mba 
•bw Dnni'an n»ans^ D«fina o^a-iirn d'ai^'aa B^ia'tJ?^ o^V^a.viai?V^ 

.niiwan mitt^^n 
.nsara n'asy nv'T Taaa ^ij?tt^ irK ,ini»a Vbaii^a Kin iV'bk ,|l!?»a " 

.nDtt^a 'a'DpH ttrip'tj; oiy^ |iV'aa j/MnQny^yB 'k tt^jp^au^ »a-b n«T-VT>' 
nVa bttrn'33ia IN naaia man Dtt^^naiVa ,«a'oa e^ia'tt^ bi&V oa ta^w .nit 
.iiaa ;]ini5'aai a^wj? 'Va niPinnmts;n dn t'oh .t3».B^ia.pV''an px ,naiiu 
«|Ki D^'ijoa 'D^a manp D»nv^ on D'Ji^'aaiP o'linantt^ ,na^a jvp»an 
D'3aia!?w :nn nVtt^'' n^a^aa^ ^k^t pVnnp'yn na''on .jnyan nk on fl'sroa 
n^a *?tjr .T'tt^ia'i&'i n'jaia ain-nx «iDin la'K »anps? ]fliRa i»« ,D'»ia»tt^i 
nVa T^ Q'a^^'aa ^'na lax D'«sia,p Vy .mnK nsu^a i» nstt^n nni»a nan 
dsy n« d'sptzra di-'N 'inpy |siKa itj^s ,a^3W DniN'a ^.i»' naoa nnn 

•niHn'inn .maw a'jaV msian nyantt^a aaw^i ,an?pa n^k ninyatp»n 
lina N^N Qn»!?y niayV ]•»« ^u'ia .annran D'wia»tt>n Dnsar .nip-'iian 

pnaVi pna^ ^isttr Hin ^m f?!?ai ,a'iDa Dwtjaipa o-'Van ]nm nnan 
iniaoaa nianan o'^an ^tt^ ]iyia»B^ 'b ^y D'ai^»an |a iVyinu^ ,Q»ain3n tjk 

'a^is^ D'nV'a^ ppratt? ••aV mian n^ntK dia^a ana -b^» i^k d'Vip'tJ? 
ni^wa by iias?^ nnx 'yxaN tiiB> ib |»« b»ana pur ,ni>aiVip9oab niNiwn 
ooannya^n 'nsiiH^n ipna hVn ,iaba it xbi .]i»>'an |a paVr .my^'n 
mitr-ji&ia ]nr ,mK*)in pi ]niJ?na K^anV r!?y la^n ,ani 'uaa'o ypi by 
,ninpai nva^an mniin ]a pninnbi ,]n»niam d'ban |niNa a»*n 
;D"anyn iin"3i ,d'3^V'an .na'ioa dnai nia^aoa ^« \rm la^ab d-'banar 
niKiinn ay miu^ laya ni'i'^an niK-jinb d»yaip b'a'ia ,ibnb nniar ?Ba 
nK Tiinb :mi»ya an 'b, by K'n dm»a pty ,nnr nmipani ninio>n 
pi .'ittrBN Boadiip baa niaaiTa piya ^a'ban naana ana pyan 
nn d'aoa ,n'anyn b'awa pny |'k anaanaty ,a'pnaia ■ d^yna a^alb^a 
an piv,amnna a'aaian nrnnann bKi a^aaa^on antj^pn bs abn naiu^n 
niKiinn |>a nna^pa nvbin ninb nibibyn nio» niKiin yiapb d'oaa 

.niaityn ni'i^aasn: 
B?ia'»B^a m'tt^yan nvyan ]a naa iipoa ibs d'Btt^aia d'bip'c^ nnN 
mnnin by lanonb pstz^ ,ianayB ns a'-aia naiB^Kna .a^aiyn a^aib'an 

:mnpavm'a"an 
anaain arpaa inciiner vers sa fin = jT »anyn byian po by 

BSyn aw n^ wneb (88 'ay ,[1949] 5 Theologische Zeitschrlft ; Humbert) 

118-an .(\2^n''Ba nxT |"xa ia'» 'a «]« .^i^p,, piaa inyib) n'Kw'?a"ann 
niy nijaia xx^^m Kbn ,(B4iot) ib»a brsr laib'aa lawb dsya »isa b^an 



'ifSvPi^m^^f:^^;' 



imaiin iii]iij"9a-3 niii 'u^nHD 'aiun ii-j-wn 

,n3i!?»a^ iin»*ai ,n»ais?n notj?'? nana nia^B^ntr^ ,K'in niasoian p 

•WKo ini» nam ^Kjratt?* |wV isiKa D\y"i3i nanij^a ts^ran »a' ^aa 
|Ka HKiii nnNin'SJij? ^a ^jr n^aii^n niatt^Vanu^ ,«in 'vaoi .n»nvnK nsixa 

.nvai^ip'oa"? m-'ya p^ins^ ata» hV -iipa 
TiBtt^n |a p^sn'? «i^oiar p'en nnajrn unett^ ipruzr ,n^jnnn K»n nbni 
,nnavn mair^an biz^ n'a» n'tyma prSn naiba ir nDu^V ijppTJ .n'anj^n 
-»yi2ipa pay ^1na |ni 'aipx pay ^ma p ,Ty"iip ]aK minn ron laa 
,rN nvn» nn"n laa |naii?ip ,nrn»n nia«;n »niy nti in!?n i^Vn '.'B^ya 
lina- jT'iaya ,maino n-^^a linear .ma^ioa my Din T.nan^ wp'ai 

.n'aiyn nstt^n 
Q^attr^a iKsaa ana iwk ,nnnn amx "raa o^'j? iTne; ,nT oima . 
Viy iTnnan 't "ry 'ynan loica ns Va'p ,aiy ]wV »ynr' a-'nay 
,: .n^iBn'Kn Diamran Dip ay ^b p'a u^in tjiyai ,1^3111811 matt^'?an 
mV'ap>a n' f?y nmay n-'Va b^is'? na'wn mn isa laavn ktj?13 
D'nayn D'aiV^an 'lanai ,na lana naa onpin *i»tt' d'an nnn .ni'aiy 
— nnnK m^atz? nists^ "?« mKiittrn ^ny^ ipb Dn"? laty iwk - a^ynan 
|ya!? i« a'tt^n'on oica au?*? ,"ik ,iny ^aa ayaa ni'aiy ni^'apa D''K'aa 
'a .13 lunnV an aijpa iiy o'^inn o'ssia r»«t "baa .n'yi2i?a niKDn 
.niannKn o'awn a^tyi^wa Nipan ipnV ni2^ipini& ,misoa '?iz^a'? pyau? 
Vy lyapat!^ /O'e^Tinai a'B^in a-iVa 'mK'a bv^ ai ysu^ c^iy Kisa^ nan' 

.n^iaa |"ny anpinn Vv? aTsr poo ]'>ni ,n'anyn ^ao 
/pn^a paa a^on'Kn d'amran 'bnxc^ ,nnann nn'ana nV'nna^a 
nnayn ,ni9ti?n "^nvf biif ns'pa nyr mnnnn ana iu^k ~ annni aiKa 
Vnia-oraw !?tt^ aai^^aa a^aiyn ataman an o'Haia oa^^a ni!?Ki ,n'aiyni 
iranyn )wbn isik . bv^ Tnnnu^BK ns nisa^a o'pim na vn - ^tt^a*? 
.annnK mtj^nn nvV:in ^tc tj^aa Viaa apB^ ny ,nnayn ]wb7\ npn ^'atya 
'E^ivfi Vi5> ^'naan yfitt^n ih ,^ian nK i^i k^ •ibbn^ ,]aiaa ,k^b" k"? 

.'aTs^m naiK n'aiyn Vy D'a'aoan a ' t2? 1 n D'!?a 
laanpn ^^an a»»Bi*i'Kn a'aniTari pi D"a^an 'a' nai!?aty Tiya 
^d-impa D^aoatJ ^yr manyn nD«?n ^ur nania n^asy nyn' ^y np-'ya 
an >B ^yi ,a'"'aiyn a-'ai^'an ns pii ^K ayaa a-'WDsai d'tj^nnn d'ks 
JUD'nD Vtt^ oraunnn nK DN 'a ,dasy a^mpan d'aiV'an n« kV 

.annKI (Lane) p'^ .(Freytag) 



75 ri»iayn niiw^aV ity »j>»m85 'a'tyn iiV»»n 



t^rattria Kin |Hiipai ,(an3 .rn =) (./^tt^ lens ini« d»wid» D«nipnn 
.(47 nno iioa^ura!?) 'Dnon ni^'aa .npnx ion* f?ttr piaa nnnK D^nya 
mtt^n^ Nbi 'ixan ni'attrVKiDN njiiaa ,nmN rs» '^^vn tt'iiipntt^ ,miann 

.naiann nniK ^ya Vbt inwia wrKtt^ ,^aT 
o'^yDn UK 'D^ann laiV'^a •isk* iiya rata laiV'aa (Kohier) n^np (a . 

einschnuren, aufbewahren — kept dose, : oaairittV ^j r*" j"^^ P'^aiyh 

nwK ,nsiK// n^an wivu »aaV hm naiu^n aufbewahren nKiinn .shut up 
Q'latan o^anyn d'u^ivV |»kt2? *nKia ik ,Tiy iniK qioa n«'aa iSnp 
oan 'Kiiia i>npv,]"V^tt^ lai'j'.aa o'mp^ D"^aasn onwan .nnta nKiin 
|aia ciViK .'aaijn aiannn iKaaVr'nTau?^ j?»tnn ,iat»* ^iy piaa shut up 
,*isy* |itt>^^ j?DO''^a iTiann ]■»»!? .D'nipan D"a*jyn o'ii^'aa qw) i^k nja 
*^l ^^1 Jl2i u-^ii ^^Vlj : nt5ai'a7i4'ay ,3 onrV« 'i^Nm'yatt^ »Ba/ttran 
^J btt^ ji'jia 'mis s^K irs ^^j tPiiB^n >.<tje j^^ <^^ lii i^t <,^J, 

."(602 'ay ,3 '3iNn "y) 
«"Tr!?y// v-iea (84-83 'ay 43-12 i*ia hucA « Eitan) |m« 'r (a 

larioai (na'aon bK=) towards the neighborhood 'T ^y (T in'yB^») 

o'Jil^'aa neighbourhood iis'an IT n^aV p'^ oaaK . ja,^ n'anyn Vy ma 
'na'ao^-V Nbi ^ma^aa ,mjattr ,nanj?«"b njiiamjr s^k Mti bm pV !?t» 
-^K '^Kn) D'mpan D''ji!?'an ^lu^Va in'aa hsi» nt ,n'?Dri bv amn piaa 

ja^l . . .<,Ji dU i^l . . . *j|j ja^ t^jb : (Tiyi 'neaVa b394 'ay^i Oliy 

Dipa bv ina*ao) ,n»V3i3Kn nVan b^ nnra u^ia'tjr lao ^yor ,')anoa 
n'n'aKn riK-nnn 'dV in ,n^ nnr nKmnmaiyn n^ayp'K on" (imx Vaa 

.pian 'a^arn »iD»a^ 1WITB nK d*»|?^ ]'N 
^nins n!?a niy maiyn nntya vaoa (laian oipaa) ipinn imK (t 
misa .Q*iij?n |na nt ani^a *7W wm >3n »a*ann ainaa K»n «]« n'lsan 
imian *iws ,(nj(')a^ri loiia Kin) oaK viiipn inyi^ ^i^a *n3aKn.» 

to walk ahead, to direct one's steps towards : D^iaiaa nvav^a (^f) n'>anyn 

t^^an 'a'ann C]ij?Bn nK i^k oanna nr »s*? .(p'Vbtt^ p^'an tyiea ^^) 

,^*y V niwn) And thy daughters walk ahead towards the neighborhood 

.((a nam 
Mi\nr\ iiK'an Vtt^ law"? (i : nirna 'n»a K'n n'lp^ |n»H ^b^ inyap 
,Si?in rVy lanoa ntt^N ,]n»Ni ,myatt?a-n n\t to wjtik ahead |it2?Kin 
,'«7K-»a nys/.-^ N»n naiian .''laipaa tr ,mi?nn// : nytaia ]BiNa iniK oton 
192 'ay ,8 oiiy-^K 'Axn) D'mjjan , D'ai^'aa iiK'an piyba nmattr 'sa 

.^^/•asr ^^. ^t_j ^^/i! J : (nua^ 

.iniK »awi iai »3in »ii^B ia;8s ....^| _^| onais ;"n»^an, mw '^^I .1 
(B'i"sa) ^i^-1 ja^ ...iiiaii?a ik in»a ^ia '^s „.,in»a ja^ Kin »n»a (6»iai8) .2 - 

..IT i>itt <V3 «..)i» ja^ 8xai nr 5 d^-naiRi /'nanp, 
.B.TJB^ iVn ('»'S) ^^ ^tj -^^t (D»^ai«)i .3 



*iaip 'i*' 74 

a»^ itt^j?a nt piaa waura ^yientt^ ,nnin^ 'id ,d»i>to ]»a jour nfioinn 
onjr-VK 'jKn) D'nipan o'aiV'an ]ity!?a n!?K d'aina ^tt^ dtio' ,'dT// oxyn 
\^«M J ^j ISI i^j) [!] jj. j\^j| ;r Jls-j JU a ^\ JTj : (24^92 'ay ,2 
I'ya piaa tpau^a JT ^yienij^ ,^^V nviiea npai Va nnon |Na 
d'via'tt^ ifii. pV (JU 'iD'a*? at" d'b^) ntn ii»'an lao by ."1X1?^ Ka,. 
,p'Dnb tt^' (Tiyi 17 'ly ,.3 .a .ony-VN '^iun "i) o'li^^'aa a'sa^an onnK 
HKTinn |Haai /nua .opyra* Nin pian 'anyn viiipn nHiin ip^ya^ 
'orn hit>a ny* nayn »iD'aa nV'apa n^ w»b^ ,"01**^ larpa mnvan 
ysian jaian riK 'aiyn byien u^a*? nrs 'lo'aa pn .(n »' w^qw) 
Vua m 'fib /isjpb Ka* nHiin Nip^ya n ]'ki >3n 'iifiisn niK'aa 

.uiaain bv; it?i*i»fi 
,"01*// ay in'xa inra pia tj^aV Kin «]» ib^n /'nB3// nayn byisn 
niawV ipin tt^jp'a i^'n .nayn Kiij?n '3'yV nair^an ns u'VanV Kin hihv 
nraiz^n moB^n nnKa n»Kna /byiub on"b ,nayn "nD3// ^ao Vy nraiy 
vaaia Va by nayn byien riK yivn n'n ,''iS|'?b Ka* |aian riK nnnKn 

.]na IT nyaj? Vy lyjya vvia'tj^i 
.mnK- nflttra nvaiyn o'ban nK fi'u^iDan i^k D»3ib»aa |nb nya iiaya 
n^K |WD ,nnr o'lDpn oai ,]''Vi xKo^ns bur nVK ]wa .onatt? o'^nan oa 
,a'nipan o'li^'an by njp'yai oana an D"'Ooiaa ,(Hava) Kwn b»i iV^a Vbt 
niK*a nK D'anna on .o^ran »a'a o^'aiy o'aibib'D oniK na'ntj^ 
niav ,an'pa ik »bib»a piKa ,op!?na ik aniabwa A^bn D'aiV'aaBr D»ban 
,|Kaa (nr laKa «]ioa "»y) ninipan nn'S'n bu^ on'myiJia hk oa w'l' 
d'n'yb myantt^a o'B^n'Bn mba :niaittr nirnaa pVy woin jKaai 
d»ban bw p»na iiK'ab ni»:i»b nman ni'isa Tan Kb ,niJitt^ a'aeb 
Kixab d'ajnnan in»bsn Tan Kbi ,iipan ]W? naana nnya ibD3 ^manan 

.ma'Knan nmann nK 

dnlK'an ps^b bttr, niya»a-n (i 
"Tian Kb nnnnKi naitPKia nbnaa nbna* 'a'ann ainaa (k 
a'nan nK a"j?b (49 'ay ,27 jqr » Oordis) omw urpaa (kd a »btt^a) 
bahiia n'aiyn by nban arn'oa lanbai cnbnaa^ Kin npn) "n.^0i9« 
:nT 'fib daina Ktn 'a*ann ainan nK .be avaricious piaa (! bahiia b^x) 

d'Kna irK Ji? 'anyn ttriwn Wia'B? .As inheritance gotten by greed... 

'anyn byion .a'aainan a»aib»an ]HPb ipinn nK nb'tt^an nni ,nT TviTDb 
iKinntt^'" KbK ,bttrab ,KiKn btJ? iaib»aa oniw bur niK'aa iKiaa b'an 
'isaj? ^'b'a* dai "miKna^ aa inKiin t'yatt^a-n Kin avaricious 'baaKn 
.(eager desire to get or Iceep — avarice d»n nK tt^lDa miSODIK bty pb'an) 

d'iib'an .»aiyn byion bar 'n^aKn wia'tz^ nK abin »3iJ^n pian pii 



. . . jl^l jT (bi».i by) Di>i»i8i jntjia Kin w»3 ^| jT (a^^n bv q»i»ik)i .i 

.aiya aiDi Kin i»8 






77 n«%y»T nia»?'a!» iry >m^^ '^''J"' r^*»" 



^BT ij?^na hBi ,np'5^a '33» 'b^h ^ya «iJ?i '^'^•''. ^P» "^^'^ •"'^''^^ 
= (a T an'BJin tip) "inon pK, 'lu^an hk izr.va ni ipm .(Reider) ti"1 
.(94 'aj? .2 HUCA) 4;_^ n?m3?n nVan Vy. wpnortfa the disc of the mopa 
: 'Kni?»n pipon, nK rnua sin) nipimn n.i?jwjs?.n.iDrai^iprTi»ri '\''nmin n;i3 

'Thy navel Is like the disc of the moon . when setting', emphasizing thr 
concavity of the navel and the mixture of light and, sba^e caused by its 

]i!?»»n Tsa Hi s^naan pia'^Ji, 18 iiwpoa niaisaa pDi?Dy nwnw (relief: 
disc of the sun. when :«Tn 4;^ ^ar nwiYfi? ,vm m"*) .lajty, 'aiya 
13 ntt?K vi^V ^tt^ p^'an ,nipa »iii?i t)^ rspaa ppya sin mav ,?etting 
nDoin nta p-'S^ |nann |"V. .nvj?Vp?s r>i'i;iisa disc of the D'»^an ms?ia 
,9 onv^s 'asn) vmn biV>b "jat ps Q"Tij?an, d'aiV'an |wVa 'a /iV^a 
sV n.^an ns loon D'^a'iyn Q'sai^'an .(i ^u iji . . . ,^1 1'^ij Jis^es /ay " 
nsDinn niy nxsaa, "asn^-'a) njras V?/ds. »a ,irafn nnvs y? jia'pa, 
IRij^V iDsnna ns^i ,(2l^lUj i^U oin a?j . • • Ia-jI-^t"^ :^»jn ni||>a^ 
]'NBr /SiDS o?sn 13S .cnsn wai-a » 167 'ay ,9, '3sn, '7>. 4;^ !?i? TO^^^^^^ 
ij?»y SMBT ."wnvfn. ^aVa* nsiin^ nphs aw ma*iyn nVan VB^mica 

nan .V'an nsiwnn s»n naiae Jiins nrnaa m s>s ria^a n s^pi 
-^s 'pspVs"!?s ,1'ttr ns '*!) 'PIP ssiaa s^s rviipa n^aiy naa'S aJj^'is: 
s. Fraenkei, Die aram. PJ niiwn t49 'ay ,1908 t]^V2 ,naiya-Vs n'PlSfl 
nVan ssian inisa) 'yas* n |itt^^a nnsiin .(i7o-i69 'ay. .Fremdworter 
,1'Vsa ]aia ,n»aiya p'np'yn iTB^iB'wb nb' p'sna nn ,(n'iayaw>pa* 
nuitt^Vn nsiwrt ^'au^a^ nVan m n^pio nr 'PiTS-nin sxia ^^ nnit^Bsnv 

.m-'avn 
'ysas ars p'annan p'aiV'antt^ ,nisnnV ]niaa nisaian nisamn 
riQVf ^aaa ,sin "jny .niwan xi'?ii?*pa^n bvf mii'pnb ^Vai V^a ^apia 
.nasy navn nmsa nvanyn a'''?an ns a-'viDan p^aiV'aa u^anvn^ ,mns 
.onpi BID *?aa p'mpa p'aina nipaVa p'pim pn nVs pa 7s 
,ni»Vsp»pa^n niTs^nw ,n'aiyn nptj^a p'ppiyn 'Xina pi»a aapia 
p"i^n pna *ii2^si .p«a»an 'a^a p^a^Pia p'aiVi\>'fl 't Vy ipj?i^i nam n»s 
]n ni^ips ,"jni> p"»tt?nn D'ai^'a hy; a"aiyn p'lanan an 'naiVpyaa 
la^ynn iiy n maiya .n»aiyn npB'a 'xi^ip'pa^ ^ip'py iip» araarV 
p'mpan a^aiyn p»ai^'an Vs iPrt^nn nurs ,p"»'fin»sn p'jmran 'awsn 
ipp»a ,|'»Vi jsp^ifi ,Pi»Via ]ijD pna# p'DSiJiip'paSiiy. iy ,ai na |ia'sa 
nsaa naa aVis .pnns nnipab pyaa j?i?pn^ ^!?aa ,annia'n ns ph'^y 
Vy i»?ia ipi»a sn'fi^ ,tt^nn »any p^'a -jix*^ b^'bt ,ni2^mn nyat?in n4ayi 
«)s .p»'ran »a' 'ja p»ai^i^»Bn nn'jt' by sVi paxy p»ni|?Bn a'ppapn 
.nwaa nissin isii pip b>is -nsta rC'jan ywaa bmn 



»ftifini wai^ !>!»aji i3n»n ♦onminnw ^>aa ^2 



V'an '3i2^h jaiad ;^\Vvmv; ,tt>n'ba ti»i"xa tj^aivn fi^ii^'an (2 
•B^iS'Bn) riTj'itjb n-iDa nKij?V hytah r'sa kint»i ,n*itb» Nia^iaVKM' 
iMJ tt^iiurn mittb) np':? K^n ir nlnrb nn^in .(«a^ Kin iVth'jn^insrn 
itbiVB jDtt^ ^mk >B^ iniy» hrno ••Tt» d'K3 JNsa Dai ,(i'o«aK« um 

' :, .Q'loa |ii'D .'^a dho nb»^n maa 

Ni 'a^») ii'??^a;nau t\\vi^ w)vhu ox nxxi' |n'« ba^ rt'jrbian ino*Bn 
Vyibn ^j? lanoa Kin |Ka *ik .oatan dipaa) Thy -finish has arrived :(a'' 
-fly laa la n!?isr ni'K ,W nDVaint!^»Ba-,n'n*ai^n inKlin nu?K ,^t 'iiyn 

fl»a:\inan B*3iV»aa niKuar (2 

*'hS8/. n^aa n^'jitt^ ,*iaio (los-io? 'ay ,55 jbl » Driver) na^^T 

.(is deterniiiiea) 'pna ,vaj?a* nKiina iDia '11^3 'lay ^yib (a' kj 'av) 

^aiyh VyisnK laiV'aa djid aKD^iua^ ^maiyn by pio Kin iniao hk 

b-'an ainan iiK tz^idV la-'mb iVna'Kna it nKimi ,determinavit : c^A 

.Thine end is come, thy cutting off is determined iVfin tPITBa 

aina ia nu^K ,*nnvrVK bar 'nKnX//-n by nkiaa lanon aKi3''nB 
pBn Kin Ajjji iik»an nba nKV .^tju; b! ►^i cJ^ :(n»ab 112 'ay ,1 n*ia) 
ot -4:^.1 :(c-.tliyji'»K'i) »oiaKp*-n ]it&ba mnana imyo .b'^an ]aiaa 
: jls bB;"inK ]aiab naiianu^ ,13 by jj^ t^nnan byisn mia t«3 .oj^j •j'J^ 

.laK ,T»iyn 

Q^'nipan Q'aib'»an btt^ D^ttnn^Bn dmna pi'i noVn (3 
ptiia viBa (K ra n'ytyyoi? tt^na* *lii'2«3 »aipn a,»aian riK 

2.evll taia3 ^r,; n»3iyn lao by (243 'ay ,[1953] 22 prientalia I Gordon) 

fl'amanttr KbK .KiKn bar laib'aa btt^ab naia^n msiyn nban bv it nKim 
»Bioib'Bn Jitt^iah |a naw K'ntjr ,niya«^B by nma D'mpan D-iaib^MB^ 
nbab d'^h^an o'tt^iVBn .b^an nj?inn j?bo '»b3 piann vbK it2?k /yn* 'mm 
=A4dijaj;4Ji vi-^lj t^Aij':;^ijS^i 'On /2ai22 'ay ,2 'onybK 'aKn//-3 
d'tt^iTB I'lna rn^bin b^an 'baaKn diannn m .'i3i nKbn 'bao ,asa yn 
KbK ^Kinn'iaiaa an ""b by nu^att^a aa&K K»n ib'k ^--^ji nban nbK 
riBtt^a .a!2a yn :mnK nKnina |K3 nosrib na^na dnann nia-'aoc? 
Kb d'aainan d'aib'an .Manba/z-i •n3'K// aa nban na^sa iin"3 nTu^n 
d»nii?an d'aib'an n3T btt^ naiaa naana nKsrn niyat»ani .kibk ip"t 
ttna'tt^a niKaann da .|mia bur innan ay i3a 13 nbiy na'K b^'an dii?a3 
|a'K 42,b123 'ay pi ,32 ,27 ,25 '» «.a .a .'ony-bK 'aKn*-3 niKsian ]wbn 
.mm-n'Bioib'B na^naa *yi^ pian hk ^^, w*iitt?b on^b nimaa 

• ...i»K i»3B D» „„b» pi'sa 1^1 .1 

I. al-Yasin, The lexical relation between Ugaritfc bp nanoa !''''*''•* 'Z 

and Arabic, N. Y. 1952. 



?$ fl»"(as>h wi»l>iaV nty »yik»«s 'a-iyn ii^»ttn 



|iw ,|nia |aK n'a i»» ^'{^naur ,niwnn ]B?^an hk ^»tyan!? nnra o'Vi^srn 
' .D^aib'aa nnoiaan ni^Tn mn'aK n« vB.by pnab ,D"nnBo d'Doao 
^m pVn .n'aiyn o'Von nuwiBattr o'np'yn o^ip'ST nn nya nana 
sriT iTn Kb ,innN'ai mis v^v) o^anyn D»aibi"?'finTy yD'bnn nxw Vtt^ 
«b amiaj? np'jr .nama nnflo n»np iina ik 'ai'-oi' mj^'^v iina onb 
Kb« b'aura !?a'? nnaia D»!?ab D'anaoi D'p'na ams'a nyap 8ia» nn^n 
nytt^a nais^KT |na }^pmv ,n'nnai niyir 'Hba D'!?a be; pain riK'xa 
,D"nnan nmo' 'au^ m nmi Qni?nnb nonu^ praai >n»s;isj?»n Dmiajr 
bw VQv nsia mioai ama 'abia naini nnnx nrau^ niBV nyr la^n 
,maiiaani nianan ni«ninn .naab D'jruia «iki DV'na 'nVa D'!?a ms'a . 
pixa ^inisib la'Vj; .niTia nrany o'ba ^B^'ma bm nsoaV lonvttr 
o'ysaKn mtjra nwp D*ba wneb d' a itj? o'aibib'B bur oai'O'a 'iBa .^anpjr 

.Dnwnb najrtt? Q"ipSn 
Noth, Die) Bia iKaa ^2V , ja*. iNinn waiz^b bia» ^Di? naan 

.batrrn !?T : '-jna* 'UIBn Ottrn rjK (229 /ay ,israentlschen Personennamen 

>B^ ai iBoa nijr laran iKinb ovanyn D'aibib'sn ion" it n»ninT by 
-bs OKn "3? iiyiaa ,bb^^ .o'aiK non ,ab aia iHwn pa) onn» D»aaia 
pV'an btt^ la'B t*)? nayu^ »a VaV p>BO ]'«i .(iw nua^a eSS 'ay ,3 ony 
.nirp n!?a u^ii'Ba oma ns d'aiur onaiba ica ^Kaar ,»anyn 
nwu^ bvf iBoa pnoa o^anyn o'KaiV'an bvf D'Van mai&iBa, 
niapoa nponi t3oat5aij?n ^ao by pian nyap ,nno a^ima pa imobia 
nKiwn nyni nnnKnraij^ nistt^a nyr •join Vbaa .n'»aibia'»N Q'»'7ip>'ira 
,nbyBn nK»an nn"ai ,niaiiaa nnytt^nb lyBri nriB nt ]BiNa nnsa mb'apa 
D'ba 'ii«'a bynoia .mViaa ni«sin »Tb nianp> o'nyb maiiy mo'ip 
»nba D'ba 'iiK'a oa D"anyn o^ai^^aa ibapna D»aiVib»Bn msina d'yoia 
nsaian naana ,D"m D'bip'izr ns ip»ya oni ,D<in« nnipaa o'aaoia 
.nvyispan Dinn!? iraiyn nwai^'an noaaaa^ 'jb^ nyapaw niioa i« ,b»yV 
Mbip'oaVnur mn aitt^n ,D"aiyn o'aib'aa »ia»tj^Vbba Snaa paa ' 
ninaaoKn i«ainw oipaa ib^bk nti ,QniK»an 'B^rniJ^ by -apnn' niwan 
.|B^n»Bb narpa lyainty maittrn niyim D'ban piK niaaita inaur m»nnBon 
Var raix dk pBob o'bia' o'diiBam d'bnan o'aib'an piu^ ;hibh lanoa 
nst .'DiaKpi/-n |iaa mxp d3i»!?tt? n!?Ki d"»a»pn k^i '""'I'^^n aibip'oabn 

.V»yb nsainur naana ia»«i laa 
inn'D d"aiyn aniitt^an .pimoina pn d^ipV o'ban niK'aa a'an 
d'Kij^ia irn ib^« ,a^a"ayi d^XBn btt^ dxaixan ainb d'^ia'a Vtt^ yBiy 
,niBina d'^a ni'ttrya n»anyn nsu^n naoiBiin iin«a paa .dn»ii«'nV 
niai^n px lai ba^ irraH^.-iiyi ainb ,VaaV msab niaa^ d"iJtB na ib^k 
k"?k .dnsinan anain bv ma'ioa niaian d'a^xan dnsn hV« nbsn 
d"a-)yn d'saiV^an .d-'yiapi dnaiy d'aia'dt* wia'iy ana laan anv 
ipanon kVk ^'ixia iVk a"ia»a bv Q^ifiw m d»ai" dnpaa id'ban »b 
D'Vwaia d'aiaw pan^ ,1113 .prn i^^aa tyaanntt^ ,^)n'>vn 'bV nnian ]rxa 



W'^ ' . "i^ 



/ 



D»3iV'»n DfiiK^ 8!?K i?p»t»n^ KICK n^ |'« ]"iy n'iiiian nvpnn 
nV'iyoa yaa^n!? nsi « i D»m min ^waa nt ix nt e^iaVa wa'u^v ,t3"ipVn 

.D.Tnryai Da^u ^y nayb »iNnn p D'au^aai 

D'ban mx'a* - man piDi 2 ,n'iayn ntj'ona'aiN^ nVx nniw ama nniN 
.(i953^n«"iyn .Q'^B^n') n^wna oaia - ,*D'nip»n o^anyn o'Ji^'aaw 

,riT ipna Vy Q'aanoa D»«an onain 
f?nA iDoa man o^Va t.^ dv Nsa» ^na 'any pV^aa i^yaur 'a 
OK ,tiiixvn i!?xH iiiynn '^iki i D»3is?ai a'aiar ,D»Jiua oniifa ^w iwa 
It nVHiy .D'»'?a msmn ^u? nma n^aiany niDij^n p nstt^a pmn dias 
bna i?^my ypso pK .'anyn pV'an ^ij^ nm»a nmann niyiaan nnna nyau 
nnnann rraiyn n'flsiaip'oabn .nBura iior ^i y^ d'^an ni«'a Viy na^ 
^yi ^o'l'ipV iM mv'ani ipnan b^ d'yisaKni nwvn .w'rpVpy d^ama 
qioaV nniinnn ,o'jiv d»ann nnip»a yaatjr 'ai^ip'oab nam ^tzr idip*^ »t 
'iraKn riK ina^i .Tuin ^a riKna pnanbyaaan p uyaatjr ,naaioa iiaoa 

,»l^ioani nyuian ]a 
]iV'Bn ,*Dia«p//-a .npnaia naxn n* by lanai dk ]Ka k:i d'xia 
nK'nnn(KO'a=)>;^^j^nyn'n nbab noni»a ^nKaxnTB-^K Viy doiiBan 
na |»K 'oiasp/y-n bv nasaisan dnann nKSin .(ny'T'=:) > nn^aran 

d'lib'a i« K^jcii Tiy "V) "T ina |aia f?w msia in'ab.nt'nK aw 
by lanoa Kinu^ , (5-4232 'ay ,4 oiiy-bK 'A«n "»y) d'a^sa nni' d'tjiisa 
d'aurn Nba iKoa = 0^/^13 oi_j*Ji ^s-^r^^-j :(2552 niio) 'asmpn pioen 
nia nKDanan n'dO'BniaiennaKn nBptt^nn .(41 'ay ,pban dwin) pKm 
nv by ntt^itt^b iirrp'a dm ,d'a'ioa d"m d»aii bar dnn miab nri'Ti 
iTnnipaa in^v ,n'yispan ni«3ib'an .»3Kiip pios iniN biy daina mvt 
.ntn ms'an nn o» nba-'p ,n»aiT ba by ]«iipn niaij^iB nn^n 
Tiaya ,n''anyn d'»ban matrriBattr d'llp'yn o^'ip'bn nx naaav 'aab 
m'a myn ]ib»ab on«b laK d'a^nu^ /|yidn lyw d» .«]oia ]"ay by niy 
,o"any d'Doao man d»b ib d'ppn i3K ran p^ ^maasa btj? nia»a 
.'anyn pb'an biy la'd by iiayb ibtbk ira'upna^N ^na xbty .ib naKJ 
nK Kxa» »K7iia nam: irany nba btjr na^iTB nx ttisab na la p'yan 
bi2^ ai na laoa rb o^aiiPiTi d^aaian iraiaiy ^1fla anpan aiia lurpiaa 
d'nbib'Bn bty miayn nwu? npna n' by - ma'tjpnn ima dbiK .d'ba 
anasna nis riB'tyn n' by iin^ai ^Bn'myr »pib»n na'na »t by .d^aiyn 
/napoan 'Tb ia» d-'Ka - d^ban pi» asyb lamaw .o*aw om»'»a bi& 



iO»»ai»H*i nmpa ^v d'eeiaan D»»nn 0'>»^8p»03i' oma^n bv "iDoa laias »isa ,1 
1* t D'»aijr D»i305t3 ni«sin ^» niiwi' ibiisp «D»im»tt d^iroi^si ,»ni V» 3>iTn iai^»a jua 
D'DKia'ip*''^^'"' ^^ t)'\->)}iv) »Jii?»ri ona I's ^»Jinsi ,D"iipan o'nV'aV na^a r\^nbvt\ na»na on n^R 

.l^nlj Tisr '1 m aioa o'lia'n ^j? .o'anpri 
•ri'Jivjrai n»niiij?tt /nnhnnsnfii nniinhn — n'aijrn n'BNi:iip>»ea^n ,2 



♦ ^ ' -^ ' , - - 

,(1885 'Oy) 2Jjj^i|JL-li| linUm) ^;^J^V\s\ ..'U^J^i ^J- *J^\J^>^ 
.{3085 'OV) ^^4^1 0^\ c^^\ \ (18-1085 '»j;) ^ jjA lil ^;a. ci«^ 

: d^knn'Q"ii5'an-t»tt^ diriniNnin'r »»a»*o lajra niKi^ nt>B» ]»3a 

*L«k t5i ujiJ-i o>^ "^^ii » (1185 %n 5jf f j^p jie ;^i ^j.1 jx^- L^^i ■ jis. 

,(7-685 'ay) ^;X"l''Dl-:Vlcai^. olj JV^Vl"ci-i.i jUi^y ;(i2.ii85 'ajr) 

.(8084 'aV) °U!!» 0^ C5'» •-i-^ 

ty' iBTK ,(8128 rrm) j,j'i\ ojia.j <. Liu.*» ,(«b16 miD)''o^jVi ^i «i)i ^^-^s oV • 
nsiin .in'a dki Qisn dk -yi»antt^ 'la ,nam*i r« ypa' 'n :ia oran^ 

►u ^> ^«ii .(33-3284 '»y ,6 ony-VN 'iiKn) '...Sji**. J U>* li-i ^Jl cJ-^ 

.(385 'ay ,Dtt^)*'%fji 
ill "^^.. ^1 v^ ♦ '^''Jn d^itt-'an ^iff n'i3D»!?K mis 13k D*Kxia |Kiii?a naa 
D'lnN , niiaan nxnpn lana nnai^B nn"n |Nai ,(8228 mio) >i i*. ^^i i:,k 
ninn .(2-185 'ay ,6 ony-*?H 'axn "y) \i^d>2Ji onnxi .^ Jj^i iKip 
nsiaa naain o'a^oian am ^sx ai'a ^aipan JNmpn noiaan'ixan n'a'Dpsn 
^^aa 'fi'aK Kin ds ,^i^=:il| ^«^ ww'wn i^iy»Kniia pi ,naiy Vyiba 

.ono n^JiiViV^D msin «^i 
»Vaa na^a 'ti^ya iiN'a n^Kn D"ii5'an nK nN'a o^anyn D'K3i>'J3n 
Kaian 'aKiijpn »i»'an ns .n'»jaon ninnsnnn nxvnio'n rKiift nK-p'sy 

iwin n*>^\^ .dW ^bt innan ns o'pnsa laba onnani ,(,85 'ay ,6 ony 
.*nanNa yiptt^// nnn-in K'ii?'»ya ia ]■»« ci-.i tt^iivriTz^ ,nsna 
aiDii |a d"aniian D"VNp'oabn onia'nn ^y nnn« D'!?a iiy «i»m^ 
dnmxa dnsr d'doau ^y ^'aia dn d^ooiaa n^x ,i 'yn ,78 'ay i'y"? Tann 
,NiBX pn" .nmpan iraiyn n»aNn3iij?»0D%T >tt^ d"ip'yn iTnnipaa " 



.yi?aa '^a ,...fcj>«i sini iniK ypa ('ill's '{"S) /^^ytJl .^«>. (iai i-jr D»iaix) .i 

• " ."»in9, sin ^^li ,2 

♦wins «in i»«a ,ibis t^S-*- (o'lftis) .3 

.miijnn i»s3 ,]'yn ^i«i| (Dnai«)..« 

.(np»n ni'p b^) oiipa i»i5R5> '^aa 'Va /»_iJL| ie ia»ri» D»iaiN .3 

.ayi '^a z^JLi:! n^'^n m n?"3 »31^b .6 
4W1W finsw na Bt« v^J' l'»t)'»i "ny«n„ K»n v_^^ : ^«»ia »i»»t» ,t 

♦nniN ip»J ('l»a) /'iiVo ^» i»yn ns ci-^t 8 
♦5ri'6a nni« '^tn ('l»a) .nua ^Jm^ .9 

.•isan »a ^» ssian «in u-««>, .10 
»iiftiK [njr^ai naiKii] njfpai m »a /n lanis \wo k^»^k .11 

»na iniH y»i?»n ('^a) ,'ii!>Da naiKn m 'n yj^^^ 48 



«|i3lp 'V 80 

" ■'■■■' - , " • -' ■' , ' ■ ■ ■ — ■ 

nBB^n 'as'j ,n^SD o'lHn h^ o'^Kanan a'B?i»»tt?n par ,niiB^an w^ij?'03b.bi 

D"aibia»»K: D'a"35r^= mi'»T a,Tnn»ra wk a-'Hsia paax .nrwa^o 
nniD» Tima «in 'ipb omusr bu^ nin isnn? «!?k ,a»3aiian nn^trVnTJ^nbi 
,iaiV ittron laVa anna o'lpiaa .nio'Vur noini niavs? loin ,n'>yr* 
' .lanvT ^y Vaj?nn^ nriRi diTmvapB? 

»p*i ^V /lanon^ mans iirAiVi^^oaV mKiwnB^ ,b^5r^ latsVan naa 

nmVa ,'TsaK ]DiNa o'^an nx ^'i'ja wioa ,''isa mniff »Ba ^'anyn p^'an 
manp Q'nj?y-Dn p^i .a^ioa boauaiipa o'ban vwiz^V o^aKnia oniK'an 
D'aiV'aniy ,na it nif>imn ni»nnn 'lani? ma»on nnx tint «.na ni'S'S'so 
8iSB^iwfiK niDyjiY\^-iwn iniK ^b^ rnntt^niita:^ |m« a'on^a a^aiyn 
a'ai^i^'sn inm lyaptt^ 'Ba ,m''a'':iiTO'n fliKiin!? «]mB^a naaa a^an anjpaa 
.mitt^aa aiVip'oa^h isa nin' aV^ nawn^ 'isin p'ay nir ,a"ai5rn 

: naxn »r^ lanan nK Tnaa 
journah OuiUaume) ai«a »iBa (1 B a'^nn) "'tt^Bn* n»a"ann n^an nn 
»iD»an ns aaina Kin) *nnt!? ,nia*a (is 'ay .[1944] 45 of theological studies 
na'KnanVa ^y laanona, (like the dead in the underworld :'"»i»Bn Q*naa« 
lao .a subterranean dwelling inVT 'B^ nnKIIJl nw« ,nnaiN 'anaatJ^ 

Btt^ai to sink into the earth = ^^ 'aiyn ^yisa Bi ai"a HSia inmny 

.a deep cavity := vX* 

f'jn a^baann aniR'an .TaVa jraiyn ^k nKiie^nn |Ha na'-'a.ya laniK 
:ainaa.B^ .aaw^a i«ain k^bt «^k,(738 'ajr)"j"t' ^rz? lai^'aa n«i3aa»nij?y 

It (a place) sank, or went away, into the ground^ or earth* Deep places 

^l6BiH.^«i ta'nipan a»ai^'an 'nai'?y a'ooiaa i^s a'ainai ,m the ground 
, . . jt^li \^^ ,nijrn n'tt^xia ,Taa-^« nKasa-^N) ^^j>j^\ ^ jU . . . 
\o^j^i>lli 3if^ ^-^H ^2484 'ay ,6 oiiy-Vn 'ann) Vj^i J ^^ 

.(385 'ay Btt^) 
a'ai^'aa nioni»an niNiinn dh lanpoa .a"mo"» aa»« n^s a'aaia *]« 
Kin ijiHiifi ij?'yB^ .napoan n^^ laK a»Ka ,vt')'w iniK inf niai^^n rnniaa^ 
n'nnKB'^a.nvn'»'j|?"»^= ^i o>^ 'itJ'an Kin ats^n yn'.^ip'^i aas* 
>"(285 'ay)^<^^i ,jLii :(6iia,ony-^K 'aKn »b^) a'a^Nna a'aaia niVya 
t (8284 'ay) 7j^^i:| ^1 4^; ^sjj ^j^ i(|v^aa84'ay) 6 ^j; u«^ »^i 



•naisa jjjjt? ('^5) ,.,. jl^=ill>_i«». (oipa ^y onais) .2 

.naiKa nVn : 'iiiV'a iBisa) D^ya ('^5) ».. ^l^=ill >,JuJ. (dv» ^J' D»*iaiK) ,3 

♦aaisn '3B Vs> D»j?a3>a on ^^ ,i 

."jinon,, «iri iJjm*. .8 

.pi6a 'Vs ,i»sj>a aju-t^*. J 






a ' a 1 A I ' "J a • a i ii -i i p V a 



^aiji hn-ix 



« M 



iinaui "NiaaM„ 



D'xapavny 'ansa onyit^a woiana oanti; ,D'na«a «]oin «in m nso 
nnpna naa nebina ,D'3miai i^nna onaijra an O'Ksr nnyi ,o'3 w a"j?io 
ni'ya ^tt^ Q^j'j; nv«ai D'iiiJi naT naoa!? Q'BiDsm ,p »jd^ ms ini r^b^ 

. .maiw niDii?na nayn «tjaan 
:Q'aio 'aw^ pVn'n^ p'i neoa ^i^an ann nmnn 
by D'lasa (2 .^HiTzr'a nnj? »ntt? 'aa nayn sDaan^j? anaKa (i 

.anpn najrn K»aan bu^ nrbVa nrj^a 

nvniKn n^an^) ana ]iBrk*inTy .anasa »attr a'a^tt^ |WKin aio^ (i 
KDaaHi/) »3wm ,nBO^ nn'iiD urawa (3i — i ,*TaDttrK^ n*?uVai nensa 

.laroa Ka (333 — 319 ,*'H*aana ^i)y »fla moon 

nw^ |itt>Ni p'o^a sin n d n x a n 1 ' ni « n n ' u n ^v lasan ,k 
,mDi*TK pKa a"3'an 'a'a Jiina n»nw ,nas? soaa^v a^ann naijra iik 
13-n nsan |a a'j?'n3rnn ba^ pipna nin'j '"y «.b"tvi^ avnj^ji miya 
B"isa I'nB^ anis'yn aimiants^i |n»jn Kaaaatt? .napoa n'!? lanan j'aa 
inrnan nD» nysttrna an"ana a"U'tt' naa i^ncr '*bj?k ,a»nf^jn neipna 
Ka D»«K)7Tn nyian 'io"? Tn "rtt^ i^wa riK np'j^a pxV u^' n^K |»a 

aViaw) s-o-tt^ ^'a iz^nann !?tt^ :(dz nana n'n nVs ma'Daaw ,pin mi2 wn 
ya Hiitt; ]'a ,VwDi 'ts pa ^nann f?Dana p tams'yn nVsan ^iri ($ lana 
,nnBi Vna f »p ]'a ^nann) ya mm a'Bwnn pai (na-nraa) na hiwi 
^•^^^-.(aVijra |n»an Kuaaa ,nK*?aa ,'ixa n»n Kb ^iniK aa Tara •)an»nir> 
a'p'njrnn p ninnb tj^'ttr 'bd ^'laatt^Kn Ktsaaa «]« a*a"j? T'n ntn Koaan 

.a^n' 110 *?w a"rj;i^n 
(28—27 'av) naaoan npoaa lanan 'lai a'aiiaa na!? ,pnV n^p 
in'aK"? .(a'aann JT"Jina>nann ia'?a)mBom 'nansn Kuaan p a'biann by 



,f*iBi3U 'B in»Via ^R'n' nsa D»»'>H3D>n D»'t5»jiB D'ipna ,ianB» ♦ntjau « 

.(»^3i3N Dis'D) xx + aao + n /f)ii? ain toia nssin /a^'Wh o'^iwiv 
/i5Ka »»y m jiaa n"i3i»o»3 i»j?3 'jaa m»:Hi»«i nvaiy nisiKa ♦laj^a seaan »aa^ .1 
h /fKaKj? Vt» iiiii9«a) Bibel und bibl. Qeschichte in d. muhamtn. Literatur 
Zur Qeschichte d, Ausprache d. Hebr^lschen ^na « « 1 v ,(29—2 /^aa'iAn^Vna [i87l] 
HebrSische u* syrische ZItate in dirij? 'bi (i^»»n 2«e ,[VI /I886] ZAW-a) 
asmi'jlitischen Schriften (Oer Islam/ xix/ 193L 243-263) 



«]« .inrnxan nnayn p au'ji km ns?n» n«Ta nj^Bin .Q"»*)ms»n ^5t« «)^io» 
ai*) 'D ^j? n'n »V diTao^ ii^k ,n^KD nn»Jt' nan»w ,patt>na K*an^"i&' 
la^a inx cni?aa nunan b'^an ns d'»vb^ i»sa ,DS»isa 'a!?M nam vdm 

.paia njT'apa lyui 
ita It m^iaafi ,niann nvnisn ^3?a ,"«ipVn 'anj^n ananur ,tv3 iiy 
m's»a ipVn nK pa ,|n»niaipaa oav'n^ ni^i^S^n ]nan nnipa 't ^j? p>*i 
oniK'aa Dsi a^ai^^aa msaian D^!?an oa ^a n' Vjr ijrafla .d'ana a'ttria'tj? 
nam ^» ma»a maa o^aiyn D'aiV»aa iTisa is-ifi^ .m'r^ m*x»a ii?n3;inB^ 
onniHan |ni tj'p^nyn |n ,o"nnson a'Doatjn ^tzr Dan pi .nana »aw^ 

♦nwinn m'^sp'oaVn mvrn nipa ontj^ ,inr 
•»anyn p^'aa u^antj^n^ ^ix nntj^an ai^ip'oaSnty ,-nana ^*an Vaa 
' Q'a*iiya d'aiaa o'ainattr ,ia Kin mans^n n'BKiaip'oa^n axa .nana nn»nia 
niDai diwD 'jrsaK ]'ki ,d'ana d»^a niK'ai a»^a *?v nia^a maaa ana 
ni^»apa D'u^Bnau^a ,piaa ,na'^p n-'jran |'k .«i^ioan |a 'iraKn nanan^ 
iiK viaj?^ d'ttrpaat? nyva ^K } naaoiai njnT" pKiinu^ a'^a^ nvaiv 

.ad'n pna^i ina^ w' niaino d'Va hvf |3aia 

kV niwan aiVip'oa^ia^ ,Kin |nn p naKii ^»s?^ laKan m sa-aaoa 
tt^' n^K |»a .aaxjr a^iipan d'ai^'an ^y aK »a ,D'aaniiia d»ai^»a ^j; ^ano'» 
•j?it"n ^jr dnoiai aii^ niTinDO ninaaoK o'K'aan ,D'^nan nK iina^ 
mipa ^5^ niayt* f?'aia itj^bk i^k d'ainaa par i wiwn d'ai^i!?'Bn |»a nijrnn 
D'ai^'antt^ .nKiin nnK ma'nV K^tJ^ ,Kin ^na ^^a .oniK^an ^a^ Da»di 
iniKa niiraan ikb^ !?w niKiinn hk niiBrn^ »' k^k ,m*Tia n^a^ nniK d'on^a 
iniK ivf raaia nK» maoaa miin nanan nKninntj^ mana dk .tr^mtj^n 
msiin It Tita ttrnBn^ !J^» p laa .niapaoa n»bK on'^nnVH^' ,'»ai»^ nic 
.]a''D nK no'^aa naa''K nn^BaKn a'^an niatt?iB it^K ,ni'a"ani nmpa 
|i!?'pn "ip'b bjr laann^ niwan ai^ip'oa^n ^1"?^ miKinan nwu^a 

,ma'a nraa 'anjrn 






85 ' "ilfibw ♦«i}ai9„ 



l"y) p'mnNn D"ann ]'3 iniN dv nam Ninw ,tt?*nn n»D?n "^y "lannn 
i?Tn^ l*mNn nyian nsDn n'ni n?n !?» iinyn niim i^'Nv «('t ^^riV 

n>D3n3ttr ,Q'>3inan n":in iiN "jianV d'npan ittrp'a i^Si D'npan ^aa .mainari 

• .niBipn mywna n^jnan nyan '^V 'PiiBi^ 
,iaH ,^aN , T a N D'!?srD3 ^''!?Kn n"an nK mnn kV na Ditt^o •]« 

iTHNV ariK D'^srea oa ,»i*bKn nnana ,ni^''ai?a miis irnni ncs ,na« 
1'^«n nK |«a i^an iV^Ktt? ,(195- 126 /sipan pnj?!*) nanan a'tya ^-a ^y, ; 
Pin n\n.tt? na ,(l?n^ np-'ar fii2^a)-a*'ra'i b»j Qnts'w 'dV ipiV anV .rn 
^nrn laonn nx ^ajPVnwj? d^in .^yenni >pn nn^s p ^lahn >wvp> . 
iIVk p'VjrBa 'i^'^Rntj? ,TynV Na. nian'an nnisa o^inn^© lasy *?a pw 
nana) nni-ja nanpn nBipna my nna («ipan riBipna irva .oniau? thw) 
^jriBn ]''y njian ^n n>nan3 nr o^in ^u^ai ,(nNt ,]kx ,!J^«n paa nmx* 
'Ba) jbkui IK jakui pxa nms nianan n^aiya niwrn ,'»v5t'? ik nnBf? 
b'jn mnnaa Q^nsan 'Bayjohud iKjahud-i (jocii o'Ibki min» nna o^nBan 
nnry nowa D^ayr) niisa lanan nSii ihynV piao .ju'mur naiy'? (johid 
,nmai3?'» a^naa pi ,(«^iiKn*V nvDia wpMa ,inanV /Inipa^) mia-'ln 
n^aisram^'apa nnis R'an^t?' ]Ka «]» dVin .ninasn m^^aaa laptj^iy 
Qipa ]»a ]»N nm ,juziumo > juzuimo, lu'buru > ju'ubru |ixa ,mana 
pjya lanan ^tt? ^mn With - .Q^amn h^ana iianV ns'sm^y nai^ 
D'ysaKa «]« D"aiixn n'»:in nK>iianV wp'a tD'aipanur ,inaiamKn^ w"" nt 
.171 ,Qi2>) 1^ Diipn nis'yn ]'ai 'anmn I'a nssinj njrian noaan . paa ,DnnN 
iT-ay//i ^nKn nxj/, mnisa orn in ("nn nusB// 1 260 - 257 ^^^m.^ t IV'ki 

.(18 nijrn ,227 - 226 ,'p*m*) d'n m*i2;a 'nVna 
D'npantt? ,(nVHp ba^ inyi *]k nmu^) inyi nx ^ap^ nvp m naiy^ 
]'N .Djar amp my n^uaratt^ ,D"3nan n^an riK ,n'anyn nysipna irtnn 
ns^Kizr imamj^yn iz^mpn piJ^Va nxnpn pn 9y nrawns^ ,n'?"'nnaVa n^anb 
nt na^ai ,(in'ar 'anaitz^n Koaani) mt pwb bty o'^ann na^iya!? ^anpn^ 
D'^jnan o"Ann manann ^y oma^nn 'au?ai nau^aa nianan nnynn niKa 
irspnie: ,Q'tt^3N V\y am D"p .mn nBipnn nnixaty ,mynV 1 ^aai !?'^an »aa »Ba 
nmoa by jxa anaiTjr rn nna» 'anpaw ,Dnaf? laKsaa tanma by .pn^an by 
nboanatt? ,n''b:ia8a h n^an m «]» nt |"aya ^'atnb inlan |a «b .np»ny 
^Ki ,n'»Dn'' nmaa npn naairr »Ba xbK manara sbi ,Qyn ?«? la'^aa ail »Ba 
she took (h)i3 book, he's (gone), paa ,nitt^bn nmsa b»annb K*n nuia |»a 
' ,aTai I've 



inyT nK .^'^•'bK^b nana nana nt ms'y n'n nanan nyib .^'ip ,a 
(197 /Kipan pnpn* .|nSi naiyb) prjM paa nip'a nms ^y ooaa Kin it 



Beitr.zur hebr. Qrammatikin Talmud ,"ia»Vna -s ^sk "-y nimi?)3fi Ji»»wi .1 

.l^»«i 15 /ttv /Berlin 1879/ u. Midrasch, 



-KDaan,on».n3-njr,T,|.,a^^L^^ "niax pD. nainNtiNDnV 

' .By»att^ Dj;»a k'?k D.TJttra ^^laa hm k-? moon 
n-iSina Nnana »Vi5? 'sa "nobn Koaan ^y -jaNaa .a 

i.N>i ,inna N»aan nnjrn ^v lanan nan ^k af raiTj?n^ tj^iKi ,aaN 

.(322 'ay) n^aaii 'Viy 'oa Npin 

thiaaa |n .nson h}^ nxn p^n nK oein nnaKan ^ty 'jtj?n aion (2 
nn^in^.. ,(50-33 'ay) "n^^u'rai ,T'bit3'?D ,'i«"»tt;n« tsnaKaa .iniD'xa |m 
pnpiV ni'D-'j'ie m-ivn// ,("rTn., otya xa^ i^n"? ,86-51 'ay) n'vn n":in 
nvD'jiB nnyn* ,("xnat3 '>}ip:„ nm Kar ]Si^ ,i4i -87)»Knat3 ^npa 
,rKipan i?nj?i- DtJ^a Kar i^ntJ ,213-142) "iip'jn rDipn 'je"? «ipan pnpn^ 
,('{?'rn* DB^a xar |Snb ,266-214) 'p^ny xuaa '7»it2' ,i?''nia 'iiKi j?»n7// 
Kai' |Snb ,292-267) "nissinn nTrnxn nB'ur iina na-i nn- d^ia'an a^iia./ 
-305)>'vanNava-Tan kjii^i (304-293) •'n'a nnsa,, ,fD"iran/, oB^a 
niaitpniyDinn^m manna lanannma-cTan-Nn^/DB^aNari^n^ ,318 
■ y'Aai D"rDbni D"Jirn a^'nynai xipan bv; •'tsaKnoaipn a-'naa manual 
.'jnatjn Tip'jn 2iD»iy^ aipis' ,'nayn ^oaan 'aa^ ra^ »p'ma o'l^^n^n '*t»!? 
n'pnpin nnBoa«ix «•?« ipnamama pi kV nK'jsan ims'pa i^rnay ]«a 
, .maiiJ^n nnyn 'ja 'saTjr ,Tnn nnoaa nianan vniyi'i nnnn i?a !?t2^ 
^SN «lKi) mpan pnpT bm 'isan ^aa^ ,min naiau i'?k "o^pna naiaiy^a 

.nny^a 1*? iiysK 'N aw (Nipan niaa^iD 
fjKi i»T ns Kisa^ Kiip^ i'? Vp Nb pB' ,'njia»// n^aa |kd »nis>anB'n 
.a"i ]i'y ihk!? k^k i3''3T)an iri'D'yoi ]nnp"'y ^y ni-'yan ^ao miK ^aa v^:n 
, Q'ayfii ,nT3 nr Q'aibit^i amiyp onts^ ,u'^iw Q'i"jya thk pis poiy Q-iayD 
i^^n d'piBn^y pnb iii^sK 'k p cnir^a .0^3112^ a'pisa in« p:y nnn 
,pTiya lananur miwn nryaa ]xa '?Bt3b auiaiy »ynKn3i ,cim'?^aa «'?k 

,nasy^ n'ya Va 

nnisn nwaii^a Q'»'j'njin n^sn ^y ]i'»'T!?Ksia mipa .Q'nnan .k 
»a^ts>n'a *n'n V— '•'' a'jriah .aAN) n^nya n ' m n » n o^byBn ^ty nnsipan 
»D»T3Dtt^x Qmn' 'Ba ip'ya ,'T»na niana ai'n btj^ n"ann m ii^ vdtb 
nntt^Kia .(nTintan ipna mn* 'ea n»isa e nnr my n'pi^na n"jn 
«*B »!?y3 D'^yBiT Tuya f n»K nvniK nyuna lanan ^B»a ("Knao 'npa*) 
II nyianty ,Q"3ii'»n Q'p'nynn Vy nooiaan ,nn3nn ^1na Hsr «in |Na .n'ana 
Tna) 8»ni t^« '3Bb na^vnj it nyian .e "m^iB'jn nyunn* n^'nnab nn'»n 
|^»yi n^'n 'jb^ a"^ (nanan *?vf laiB^^a ^nnnana* ik) nninna a"?,!** ,(V^3 



«3 



"Tht Pronuneiatioii of Hebrew In Medieval '"lasaa wiS'sa »naM p V? .1 

,(1954) 's Tis ,noiip»»^Ki-OK»V'» »"' ^» iiavn iBua ,Spain** 



o 



87 "MmtiVf ^mMu 



cupaa'nix^ 3'nDn|WD ininaan m^'aaa o^^ania tj?*»in nD!?nn .it 

.nn«-nn» Mhn ni>«in m pnat" aoaa 
nnayn ni?»»'3iD^ Q'awKin nmj?»a niatan ^'nn mV»Ba .kk 
fiiWKi^ II m^'oa niDM lau^ ,nT'S'» 'o ,Hams .Kxiaa ^lan nvii'D |»h 
dsj?tt^ K^x ,iiy «Vi ,''n«3»tt^n nrniN// |»a u^n'ua tt^'n r« nii» .n piea) 
Dwa na v* d^iatart nnipan 'aur nirai nt mpaa n'caiaa^ t&*nn nip'ao 
»iis'yy Tiaoau^ nna ptt^ .la^a n'iDiVntt>j? n";ina ]kd nananir^ ,nnsin 
nnK ntt^va nnsv n^N ma'oaai ,r?aa 'tj^naa ninn vsa^ nvj? o'^rt^n 
«si'» la-'H 31*01 'laia nn ,''nanaa* naia^ iu^k— .B^aa ^^^'^ «!« is laVa 
l«'rnn manaa mara nr na^a ipiaa Kin vf^t'-tn ':no ^3i??a ni'N^ .iTraa 
tinain nana ]'k |«a «]« »'naiiaa* pt «]« (8i /aiiam 'sin) maiyn 
" .'!?a35ns "'ana// nanV laT |Ka |'k Qipa ^aa iH.nina 
xiia»oaa nno^an^ tnian' Kin o^a'tsrV ^laoa ttr''»*in n»»anaB^ 't^ipn .aa 
/D'paii* ]'a «]K D'ama nVK !?atj^ ,an»ai j?5§i .mi ,iissin nyian '"sr i!?k 
a'^ia» ,KD»a iTKa — .OKJiiaa r^T D»an ik d'ii» Qnvf omrsr lai^a 
i2^iann^ D''»ai^»iin(a'ii'i3Ki?nfln) D'ninb iiaoa vf'^in noVan!? Q'ana»s?2?aK 
nVK"? mainn ^1na (n'»iinK-n''aiV»v ik) ri-'Vaajr n"an ^ar nv»aa »ysaKa 
«1K n'lj?!? n'Kia nn^nv awa ,D'anpan »a'ya n^ip^ n»K*ia nn"n«^ ^D'anoKn 

t-a^ans^n o'Kp'tJ'aien »a»sra 
v'"»1V^1aoa nnsV (nviann *»in'a* .nanan nana IK) nj?iann mm.aa 
Tii» .tt^naan 'D^a ana x^viriiin^ nytt^a pB^ ninoV n'Kia ia^ nKia 
I'K tt^'n ^ttr nninK-n'aiin n^an i^'ki ,e nyian '?iff nKsia oipaa n^i 
2.n»iiflisa aa pn Kim ,niaiaon nsnann Vur ]n"an '?y ^fBVfni »ia na 

.a^anan aaK ^'j?"? lan laa »»pKiKnaKiio nijnan !?sr 
m^'aaa 3(soge iai^D)"nyi'/ aipaa^ms* a»nan nKia nT naiv^ .m 
mittrnV ty'Kamn'Tia ntm^a b^ik 4 j miinK-irai^'i n^an^ tana ninaan 
rmnK na^Bi, — -a© ^^^ ^'iia^/. ~ «l^^) c^j^. 'aiyn wiiu^n nK '' n 1 s « ^ 
.("n»3// imsratt^a ij?*y nnaya ^njrx*- ^k nnur) ^laa*- jU ik 



M. Bravmann, Materialien u. Untersuchungen z. d. phonet.— niitt^ni .1 
I^Vaian nijroe^n^ niKMAiin ik ; 44 -1 43 'liyt Lehren d. Araber, Qottingen 1934 
,123 f a 'aji Orundriss h ]Ka^piia b^s nisaian /nnns ni»»» nioa?a y-vr V» 

♦iss i3»»ijr (jiiw kV is) )nsi?tt ,231n ?■?? i229a, 226e/ 155a, 
/138 '»2^ ,M. Qranimont, Traits de PhonStique, Paris 1933/ mwn) ,2 

,ni3iadn nijiinn ^y »aiKni navn »»»iii.iij>B»n ns »n»Ba i^mb.i 
(293 'oj? ,ZA 21 [1906]) K|?'S*'t"ii jiiapja i?Vin #tt3 — 52 'wy ,&» ,H8ttBS*ia .3 
nw 5»y d^iK j p-V ?ii»apan n»»an Vy D»i»3?a o»a»iea*-o»ipaii ya j»»jrn »i?»nyfi» ,njnn Vj> 
? Ji»Ai^ia»i)« fia^naa its n^apn n»isa jnaw /Sjyii'? o'Van ^msa i!j!»n D»p»iij»in o'sa na 
«»aan /»"»»« vVea ,dj>^ tixwh /"I'jin irn^i^a naaaaan nal)yn„ ,» k ^ 1 1 'a aiiwni .« 

,D"^aan D'oiaim »"nsa nian nixajii 



nniDnn. ,(173 .db?) -pp idond, ]ia3 ,1131:'? mssin niywn niK'sa ^yi 
bD d!?iK .(285 ,DW) na^ rrnn ]'sp na^ n!?ai2;. ,(28o ."o^ia-'sn.) ''i^^ 

,_ gf q _ t3,^,jj»y ntt^i^B^ aia^r-y-^ip ^soK.a nsxinn nywnn i^npn ^t^ 
nnia'ina*! n |^nV 's k ^») - kq - «inxn n^jmaur »i»ipn i^y "pxp na^^a 
piDun ]a»D n» |pn!? tt^» axK) KnnanK ':q^ nsnpn asp ntjxn '"jr '^ip 

.tj |Si!? "jn .(.TO Qipaa .raV t"!? '»s?B>'a 
cinpaa ^nw ,i»ynt» 'ik*i ^-i^^ nana qnp ^12? in^an n^xu? oxy!? 
n'lsa It n"an .lan^ nan^n n'Ki owa /;«aTaXv(rioi' > «'T»f?tJK// paa ,D'»T?ia 
'ipnan ^'m^jun • ,^257 'ajra iniK i^ata ianani») »a^nn Kwaaa oaaK 
Q^a'an nvaa^n ]Ka nmn^ ty»Br pao ^a ps d^i» ,'3naitt^ni 'aisran-'Jiasn 
D'Ain Drn ]aB^ ,Kpin ta'anpn o'a'an '!?ik) manan rraiyn b^ D*»aipan 
laip'na ^ip nana npipna nsnpa 'a ,(q Tjrn n^'abxai aatj^a Q^aVoian 

.o'latan CKuaaa «]K 
I piaH/^a pp^n |iaa ,ni3rBin naa ti>isa lasy lananu^ na ini'a man 
^ji'i3KDa«n« im'an '"y ,o^^ m^u^att^ "tt^ipa/ya- ^pn m'^n Vio'ai *pian 
miian ]»k Nau^i .(316 ,313 /Tan xaiXy ,301 /"n'a n«xa*) tj^ipn "rur 
btt^ njivK'rn npoaa laian o'leion a'na naivt» ,Q'np3 'Jip'n^ «'?K]Ka 

.nt «i"»vo 

»"nn n'-'jn ^b^ ninnannn 'abtj^ Vv nanan ^n) vian n^san . tt^ " n .a 
,na»ioa naipnaizr n^« ,('1k^i»»ii^n)) 'tt^naa iis's? nt n\T np'sratt^ ,K'n 
,p B^s^K »(nK^mK)''^a3y 112*5?^ ^an ^^aanjyi o^anpan 'a-'V'ty natj^aair^ 
,D'annKn n!?NV niatnn ^1na 'u^naaa nana n^n ,D"a»u>n onirj?!? ^^»oa' 
ma'Dan ^aa n^c^naan n^ann iw nns'a a-ianpan ins^w naipnae^ njr 

.(125 — 111 /'HnatJ »a7pai,) n'aisrn n"ann nj^awna 
WM ,it mnnannaty 'au^n at»t:^n h'?k laa^aya |Na fNur r!?Ka pia 
naaatt^ ,niNan nnaijrn p lanan K'aa ins?i^ m'Hin nx .n''!?a3j;n n^ann 

: |nia»B^n mo 'a*? ]Ka iniN 
a^tvaai Q^ayDn '^yr^^i 'oa ^nrr naoa n-iatan B^'"»in ni'?''aa .»« 
tt^'^'i// dttra B^'nn 'aioa inx nn ]"sa innnn nt) a"oi b^o ni's* 'o> 

.("n-'ana ar'n// ntPiTa nanan nan^tj^ /nanaa 
liaoa tt^^nn Ka tnati^ ,B»^aa o^atpan la^namy .mnann »s?sbk .aa 
''^ntyK^ /D'i}^'3y,/a n»i!?a njnsn «]« ik ''i3ttrnaN*a nnB-«]»n ]iaa,'»3''w nirj?^ 
,»Kb \ naK'V/a po^ >"'p^> ,*""ity«^a ana lan'ai "iniannn/za mn }(ii2) 
]nair^ ,d'^aa n^K^ cj»an misn ^vsaw HO»a ^^'Na^ :r- #an'ai "wsivi \ laN'i* 
ns2»n njrian ]iaa ,(d"iaT ^"a'ai T'a) d«3i^»i oniiJ'j;^ liaoa tt7*nn xa 
'♦aii/za pi /'n*3|?V '"fisiaz/a «^^t j'fji^n'n// ,(Tia'T y^v^ oipaa) ^^nai^a 
.(213-205 'Nipan p\tp'-\„b 'a nB03a) d'p'nyn taau^K mtnaa "d^^ani^i 
,m«n /lann'/z nnisa nna ]iaa ,d"3na'?i ty-'n"? manwa ni3iDn .aa 
ttr^n ni^'aan !?p rnjr niiisa 'tapKixnaHnb' njnan nn»as ]ai /laiN* 

.n»^N*)ty'7iK n'aiNai »Vaa nip^aa 



1113) ii'aiya s"^ ly q^nna nn Diva ,Tiyi ?nTD 'la^tt^ ^n Kf? «^"att^ iwa 
inmna tir^ uV ]»K unnia hsny?^ fiia) »^y na I'ynna tt^-to- niya ,(V>a ; r 
ntt^i^w naiiaipn n»au^n nott^a o'^na i*n «ii?'yau^ ,"»DN!?j?n-j?nj?*Tn Vw ^ 
nann o"j»a nan Kin s nan) s'l 8"V s anijr .Q'»'»KBaN-«V d'bwi o'pw 
nma^n nnavai n»aiKa o-V s-n naya ]n pia ]RDa .(n-'iViDa '?''ai?8mii»*v^ 
onpn 9-n ]kd «i» pt inKV nmra nsna?) n-'aiya hi ]'a o'piV'nn |ni ,. 
nto o"jnn nviW i»n k^b^ ,ia7n ^v ib^itb ]'n d^in .(mpan. s ay 
— nnft^ ,-iaD-i9tt?a ,nfiD--nfl& niitt^ni) nnK njov lina »i« >jVnnnVQ"'i»V 
J^j-u-»j .n»naj?a stt^ya-K^^ya viyo-iyiy ^pso-pstp >|fio~|Bft^ ,ino 
,(281) nniR T»aTa ianant» /'n^o-natt^ro n^xinn nyiann « .(n»aiya iiyv 
f?y nT»ya nrxi ,d'»ann »Jty ^ir^ ohia'rnn m yiaaV sVk nna na'K K»n »in 
Npinc^ ,nr p'jy^ pxV'iK*ii ,naia laipaa ^Van a^eyNi .waa anini 
pnan^ anian Jisp f ly ona^a (nn'a!?Ni n»o'iin) pa»nn anyan nixisa 

,s — b-1 8-6^ /s-'J' fa - 
iD^'ana nain iiaVV ,'«ny'7y ,|»n .pu^V onp »aty e pnya^ ntz^K 
tt^wn^ V' nntt^ ,nnaKai a^ainn-Qwaiyn o'a'jn nxj?a pB^ ^u^ nn»sn 
2,rV iiiaiip» D'nyb naiy e-^ .iiat^ b^' nt nwa »it 'iivVypn^ Itia 
,f nin 'isa n»n kV nani?n irnayatrr inNa ,d^is 3 1 inwjina iV nann 
'•y (8) nnK iwi nis'yV ^Dn nxa Kini ,nt «]»bnny avp na nM K^aiar 

niKiV B^'izr »*ByK ,mnan n»i?»Ba »ixa f-a J tjiV'n .iinKV pwVn nin mon 

* ."jiann ''ij?*^)!} ia 

|wSn iin flViaaiy «Kin ric^KUJiraKVn) f ,e n^anatt^ mwn isn 
D"j»tt?^ (a'laxa «ik ik) D»aiia ]iB^bn 'TXtt> iiya ,nBn Vb? 'aipn ipVna ania 
.rtanna ik ayaa iiypn pij^^n aa 'la ^y naiy TiiKn w^w |BiKa ^nviisn 
.'njtoBn^ — ^^i ^y nanva ,o>'»anyn >'irnn '^ya .nnian »bd .liiiaiii la^*; 

niKi^>» 8-1 f r^^ r'^'T^ ^^'1 s.oniryn niyiVtt^ 'BiV»n hk iVn naa^ ; ^ 

ia nKn (loi) nananv ,i ,iy /Vnn) k^bh nwna ""bwi^ /rijj'aa '^ik 
nxxinn nyiana |ai ,{Q'>iw D''Dp^K»"ra n'Banaa ^yis^a p piBi?B*? naan^ 
.(0 f?n^ 7) B>"'K i\B^ «]|' bm (T ,a 'yu^') nc^ 'Biti^n brmj?aa 



JTii»N p 186 y '0? I DW ,i8.a^pvi3 I'naa o-^issfl niawa s »p»njrn "asV .1 

.n^VaaVir-j'ai /niniKttvn»"np 
»E. Rossi, L*arabo parlato a San'a, (Roma), 1939, 3 "y ,n»3a»M p .2 
C. Landb erg/ Etudes sur '»j ,n»niaisni ii»a»ma j xv »ni?»3a» , ] » a ♦ u r'» 
•mjnii^a jsi ,le9 dialectes de I'Arabie m^rldionale, I vol., 326 n.2, 510 n3 

♦n'o^'iav nin-jiT) D>Vaa f-V jjnya jni^i .(Cockney) n'Jian 
Q r a tn m n t , 1. c, 6.8, .3 
."|pn»n i>» inia, ,aiS'S '« ii» i-iib»m /yi .^i 
J^'V (51 'ajr ,n» '»y) injn ini»a nnian is Di»a ,51 — 49 <i8a,B8ia "y .| . 

.9-h nsan i^iba. niy s nana n»n »aiy 



^->''"!-' \ ' ■ **:. , ■;■, ■"■'■■"' ■'■■'.-: 

naiij? lasj? lanian 'na-rt'tz? neipna i-^^n m^^'san lansi p ^v rjoia 

.w'nn ^ur "n'^aayn* n"wn nana naar ,nBipnV N»n 

(280 ,273 ,270 ,25 nijfn 169 ,128-127) mai|?a naaa .n-fiaiaa .i 

,n''aaTn una niy^aj? nn^n K^onDion nDipriau? ,in5>'T nn lanan y*aa 

rms^ :(25 nijrn i66) laix Km p .o-.^^a Dnt» mp^ a^i-^pm i«att? ijr 

. i^fiV) tt^man 'lai nn K^aa m ,qv .jSiVi ;'nrairn nvsenpoaKiun nib 

, bVJirn o*j?'ii3rjin |a DtiiK .;t«'?6 - 'ni> ^y (*"i 'a t'Kiac?'? 'iiya^y 7^* 

' la-ia ^^ y^ ^^ ^^ ^^ Q ams'vn ininna laa i^'bk )att^ ^n^Ki K'anf? ]'k 

m iai pK IK ,;tf-a ,Tisi ^'d ^^nyn ^k i'?sk a^isaoaaK i.psy ni'niKn 
mnna k^ i^ijr nmayn o'^an D":in ns yaiy lati; oipjaai ra'aip k^k ,n'aia 
?T»i1''n ninTKn »ik .ne'wa k^^ tjK nxna n^K ma"»oaai ,n •? a n "ti a nr i\^n 
iTKi diTzra ana ]'k "3» nnn pi ,''^'nD »)j3«v"pB>a atj^v* ]'a nin in'"? 
■ Hj?in IK"?! D K 2 1 a a d'hk^ anix'jr i3*jDt> ty* ^bbn onpan ^aa ]Diy ,namn 
. np'ny mi&a ^y ooiaa Kints> iu^dk .latan a? ■na'? itps -• .a n ' m n ] d i k a 

>x b^ inininnn pnj? na^B>j K^a? ]OTa mxiar 
nya imnna n'^Baiaa a'»nis''3?n bi ^\is mr\b w nan b^ iV^a 
n>aio nyin |»k ^k 2 ,nnnK niDi2>a dj 13^ yn^a ,niw ma'oaai hhk naiyav 

, .IT nyfiin!? D'V^an nK "lyap/zW on D'npanttr 
Q^BKaaKn nnK!? niDnnn^ a^^wy n^wiaaiy ,ianan nij?n ina naiwn 

.ni^e mis nK mKaAnn Vy |Na T'oin^ 'o^^ ,(3i6) 

|"y) *»aBrK»» n-^w^ai nsisa nrnixn rr^an// ^jr pica -saa . ] " b? .n 

a"ran »a*a nfln'K nin'^ nyiT nn^n k^ s-b' n^anu; ,ianan p's (K1 ^'y^ 
,Y'>^r\„) (»— u^ n'ya^ i'?ia i^ipian ^tHva pnoa .n'aiyn nneo "•niri^a fin 
ti^-i tt^ ]'a ^lan nM^K"? Kip'ya» ,n'ja Kin^(5o_34/''n^Vii3^ai .t!?i:i^^ 
mm >y anoT'an ,Bit'an 'ti'i.iapKKa!?ya sin ^y oia^anm 'lani) nnaya 
«l«ijr. N^» .Tiy K*?! r(imai' .nma^nn nneoai a^K^aan "tsk o-tff-ttf 
I'ya-nr run hm inyrV .laaa naitj^ nan k^k ,ti>aa s n\T K^ nt rnx y'>^ 

a'a'jn nxpa «]K 'IXan ,(Sigmati3niU9 Lambdoides. lateral lisp) 'rs |lB'3tt' 

»att>n 'n-a nayan «]« wiona ^^ ^^y 1 (nialp^oi '19:5) n"Bimn-B'"aiyn ^ 
,B'»'3»iJ?n amryb iiaoa naHn i^ab!?! ,Ko^a nna naKnriaynr'B'b (0) anpn 
,naKan *]iDa mia lasy xin dViki .paa nrpa "nanarr nan ]Na iy .no'a ^TNa 
,nratt>n nistya o'piwn ^b^ naaioan n»yan |nns!? ivca kVk rna'n ^'ku? 
pn d»piii?n baw ,oia'3nM bv inny nN !?iod^ ir^y yw : ]'3yn asyV 
1^-1 > ]'a ^nan n\i h^ n^'nna'?att? ,n*3a i'?'bs/|k .lam"? ant vn z"Vs"a 
/nma^nn nsipnn ^tj^nnayai maiwa o-b Kpin e^ Hsn na aitra ,nn3ya 

The Pfonundation of Hebrew according ,it'»BB; V» inyn eis ♦nv .1 

to the transliterations of the Hexapla, JQR, VS XVI (1025/ e), 368 - aso. 

Orammont, I.e., 200— 206. "y .2 






91 "13hB» "HBMh 



D"W'3n a»nD pi »ii»si i»njr bv nisiKian nmxn ,t)ipan ^tjr ''n3j?3//n 

•nV'Ki 267 /D^irDHiy) ns-i nn- dna^nan 
,B«»nn D'^V'tt^a *]« n^« ni«a ,nisxinn mjrianai^ mn oyon 13^^ 
Dira)nV'^ ,nDnnn pas ,j?.iofl «]io ik «nn3n« 'aBV nnnpn asp nuKn iin 
mian 'na^ >t2^ maraann jnaa^ na ik .(o'lnx onpa^ «ik it nms ntja^sm 
vnij^ omx'vn n"an nn tj'ban^ nmaa pi ,n'?»Ki 2i4 ,yni^) mttyuia 

.(nsnaV nisnanm t:'»ainan) bts2t\t\h o'taia 
niKi^ Br» Dnpa naaattr ,nntt^BKn m ibw nanan pK nt bjr in» 
riK pnynoaa Kinur x^x ,o''j?'ny nion* 'ai'DVonniy nissinn nijnana 
1 .«pn Q''a»ioa o^Dn-'xa onntt^n duir nantj^a na Dit?a Mbmvfn 

,nissinn niyiann ntt^nea 'jraw itt>p mwp Kwn na^ifl .Kiiiy .' 
naioai nVan jrxaKa 'na/^n siittrn nxna nnattr o'lpa naa naia nanan pt 
49 myn 162 ,''«ni?an i?npi^ i i4i-i3i /K'laD »aii?a*) nsxin njrianb 

•n^'KI 253 ^'p'mi^ »l^'K1 179 ,51 niyn 182 

,137 ,123) Tan-savai I'an-Na^i 'a'la lanan n»aia hkt naiv^ 
K^ 1« ,nVa) na^» nsriana nana nVan t?«na s?a Kiit^ur ,(336 ,3jo ,i4o 

•n^^Ni 262 ,ym0) ^'aa nrni«a T»an 
^nanan njri nx baj?^ na^j? ya mit^r n^an V» »nia»Kn nanjr I'^ajra 
'iin-* 'sa p *iai27a "maiian nyiana Ksr nrana »afiV Nitt^* jj'njrn^Vantjr 
mn* 'ea «]K it n"an nania nai ^tj^ in'a«^ .(204 ,''«naB 'aipa//) p»n 
»i«i » oia 'nin» 'sa oa Qmia D'lpaai ,|N'a'aitKi iraijan |Knomia 
,a-i 5 »3D^ siitt^n n^an^ ntn !?^an n» ci'a^ma ]xno'TiiD mn»w ,|ws!? 
^'an D'«»aan f?a3 Daa» .o'lns omx^jr "»aB«? in^anV «]K iKnoam mnn 
.3 nnanan nyiana kiw '?v; a'aicrn ryira n'sVnna caa'nn man*?) 
]iaa nmsB^ ,(io5 ,*K«iaB 'aipa^) nanan ms?n K'n inra nai8?n 

.i*'r^ liaba pTna «iw ir^an "j? mu^iana «iniB ,n*aia 

maa (161— 144 ,''mpan pnpf//) it na^nsa .o" Via on Tip'a .«•• 
niawn nrj^a ,D'^a't3Sni D"aii'n D'p'nynn bv «inn nin^a aaK ,ianan 
9Bi5 ,9pp ,Vd^ n"an ,(i46 - 145) niait2^ nia»oaa nijnann niaa,-:]iaa ,inv3 
na'aan npnyn .(148-146) nip'an 'aaVu^ nsipna (Vpi? ,99i? ,5vi2 aipas) 
unix3 naiBTKin njnann niVi3nn,(i5o - us) mana pjr »bs?3 niaTj?3 5?nbaV 



Q a i I' d n e r , The Phonetics of Arabic, Oxford 1025 »bV .n^aiya (« ,h3 'pm» ,»D''sna 

>^ ^t};'^ ^^/V ^°*^''^ ""^''f '"'"*' 1^) D'*^i?f B*iiasfi n^8 oy D'am ,1 n^ijjn ,53 'ny 
yiaaV ^TS ,(w K1W j»y») nssin njijji nuna D»»^^ii? d3»8» D'aiaon d»iis»j>f7 i»ai Drt»a»a» 
.ft'iiTioan t«iii?n n8»'ji?3 its n"Sii n»isia awKi .ni»^ij?mia»Ka B»iiinKl' D»jW8in i*!? Dniuinn 
pi .QVis?a Q"Vii? i?-i 3 i»n »b inyi^ur pi»is ,it niisn by a»»a ,27 — 25 , ] k a b 8 1 a 
,o-id D^BWin a'iiasnn8»]8 4ial5J| Ojj>. ^^aa B»aia o^anyn D'|?ii?nan nspw Bi»a 
.(1 pasna pi) ni'iawn nia»eaa nissinn niyiann n'»an asy hr iinb^ »ia i»flM»na i»8 aVis 



^ ■ bi'-iX fi3l»« 90 

^tt^(im»an ^iB-'a ^y p>rmn»a i«)|n«an hv nDiiBianrpo *?»Da (86-51) 
dfi H)W)) pvn iai^3 ,K2naa ]n^ mitten niyian^ iiaoa nsna^-mjnann 
'Ba ip'ya) a'Koaan anas^ ,ina^'? na nt laxa .vi 'aa^ piiiz^i t"i» ^aaV 
('Jiatjn Tip^an nsipn^ dtij? »^«n Ktjaaa «iki ,ir)3»a n»oiKi n»aijr 'lan 
^y .laVa ri'iia'^n niiona k^h wj?na k*?i ntt^s?aV nV«n ci^'ann iVoana 
niyiann ^5? pnn aaK oa lana on^jin ns ^1anV D»npan Vijr oncKur 

nj^iV ,Ka (p»m» 'HKi p'*nn bvf min) iia'nn-^n .prn i»3n .t 

•n^'Ki 246 ,''p»mi/) nDionn nanipn mann ns iwo^ ,iannn 

rnxfin^ mi// naiaan .t^ai!? nana ,(a'» |M^ "j?) D»!?an nsiapa 'ip^yn 
naw^ ni^Ti ,nipi naisr? n;?; .naiif naiy? ^n^B' ,na? naij;9 ni??) "riK'Tn 
,ja DK .(nji? IK n^N ik nf s naiyV nf « ,?iari naw9 n|rj ,na?T 1J« na0 
n«T naiyV ~ .'Jiaon nij?'3^ naTipn D»as?o nts'tt^ ^v mu^ ia niNiV tt^» 
nVsan ns psV nt nfxi Ka larn ^t»aa^^ ,nanan bvf mji nn !?ap^ u^» 
p»n nin* »Ba pi Kt» n»ijta na n^sana^ .|"x^ »ixi ik » la^aa mx»s?n 

.n^anm n'anj? nan ^a 'Ba k^k ,(248 - 247) 
n- njrVanV ]a'D lanan ia n»n At mnoan nvo noK^ iia»nn ern 

.(253) p'ny 
nvT^ ^Q^npan nmi (301 /'n»a nusai.) 'n-ia nxira* paa onpaa 

.'nB'pnn* ^*^Kn n"an^ pKan rjK *naB>!? na ,iia»nn mi '?v ^'lanan 
nn ,(a''i»ai "o'ljian^a paa anpaa) ^baa ptnn »ann ^it3»a^ "iij^n 

.Q'l^an ]ni8a "BKBaN iis'y in ''W mi mN''5ta '"y ma*i^ oiaa nt 

imV iia»nn-iyn Tya ,(229 — 228 ,y>n%,) *ianan nyi^ . p 1 1 ur .n 
.u"^ nt pliw ^t!^ (n»s»^»aon) ni^iann ^y (lyip lav 'na wa -a paa) piw 
m»n n»isa K'nw nraa ,u-a (on^aiz; in ^la'pn in) i?iitj^n n"an qVin 
INnoniiaa «in nmnB m»aai ,n»ai5ran-fl'3iB3m ipnaa ,|N'a»aiTNa ,p»na) 
nT mi «]K pN 'nyi^ .nnj miwb Dystt^na Nan a^n'na n^Nia ,(n»an»an 

.poBB Dy»^ p»ny la'O N^N 

ftiaipanaaa lanan >BDa naa^ ,11 ntpns .nnsinn niyunn .» 
pBO I'Ni ,imir» ^a naaio i*^ytt^ Maian Tsn nN na nmib ry nBoatp 
.nnayn rriiwoMn np»tj»3iBa N'VBai niaa tt^n»n na»na N'nur 
^cn'mN ,^Nnaji ,^Nna5r paa nms nana^ r\wmn Nsia mipaa 
niNia tnatt^ ,tDp ,Tp ,a'p 'nna main nnisn isi ,inN tiini ina i^aiaa 
nNn nto onpan baa .(i'j'ni lei /'Nipan pnpi//) nnrra I'ni t'I' ni'mNn 
B'an onis^y bur in ams^v ntt^iVtt^ bvf nnatasn yiaab nB'Ncr -janan 
iN-(a ,3i»,a"tt^) *pa'aNiy «iN ]HD T'OinVwn-niia »ai^N ,D'a irya paa) 
»ian b,v nms »in nxia ^ '^y .(i^'Ni 205) Q'ma Tiba Dnix»y 'sn's 
nnix /Tiyi nu^N /»nnn ,-nnN paa .(O'yai&n maina nsa la'Nu^) nana 



'•'•'' \' . -.-, "-(VAN;.; -'-:'.•;. 



liiii'7i unia -pia 

TK»^ "in Ty *1^N»^ |iV»»a p'jv *infii iina ^nyan i^« niisrny ^ 
Dnm« niy-'iBO Vy oa ni!?n ,nnynn ,]ni ,a)ip» nt rsinv ^pa 

.")Tr'*iDo^ pnanianai irncoa pvmoina iwy-'t&ia'tt^ >S? 

nhwV maantn dk 'a ,^aipan |aiaa niip^a-naRa nr i'k .niyj?»*? ^ 
B'nsr - |ai^ pta ona ^BDa 'JKtj^ ,d'»31B^^ D»r»3ya Kiii?n ov nxp 
»a ^aV naiD raa '3« d'jist^ .'iK ba njn» o'nyi ,nTX'-naiaavnnVxna 
■mi|?3 »^ tt^a'tt^ "is^Tj? nt nn'm /'niyo ^j? D5?»aipsa 'niK rajrar 

.napnn iiawan^ litjrKvbin ,m'nK 

*)ia»nn np!? iiwki unai oy .naio nana ^1na x'n ]i!?»an ^k 'nsi^'x 
nanan Dip ma nin"a ,pa?*?n mva u^nnmv na ^a^ latjr nmsra /a^ riK 
nijpoQa ,mt5an ^K b'y^ipn .las^ DTjVsia onaon nasi naaa ,Drt2^nhnm 
ff |'» .Tiiaan nis'pa np»yai ,tr?aana di» oe^n^fitt^ D'»Diy^ ntjlian 
,8»tt^n n« ,pBo ""^a nanan a'vn nta > nirpn ^ij? ira n^na rnaaK 
,»'i^i "i'tt^v^ ,tt;^Da ba^ mwn nfioV nia^n nn liwyV muan t\h o'vam 

«.niv»i»-'»i5iya^v^'rtnay /]*m»-)ay 
d'nvi vvm d»ny) anaonn p naai naa bv vm 'aKB^ »a"iKin ^«i 
d'bVk nntt^v ^'aan iia^n naiyb ,OB«a nt ^a .paonn hk a»mai |3^a 
an I ST'nBav it laona ]Na ••n'ppna k^i» ,tt?Ba-piB»oa |ns^ '^^yi ,b'a")y 
^s»i pan n^a ^aa duin Hisa^ ib^bkb^ ,ci'*maB^ anana niyaia niiynn 

.nnra D'aiB^nn |a nBio ^a 
ma^ 'V |n'a . ,11^^13 »Vib'd 't ^yty ,'iana^ nai» Tan^ "^jr 
Kin nny 't ^jri»r .na ly on^Vv 'may h^b^ D'a»»ay naai naa p*fb) 

,ponnn Vyi mrpn Vy - 'ax oa 'maia 



B»VB^n» ,'t]OX»ni«,, 'sifi /pia n»K«s jikis »»itt»» 'lav iiii^tt #vn ty tj^sB .1 

■'i *'»>» ew+8 /V'ibii 



niiis.ni (155-153) »fnio»n wosoa ^p(? nnis nnar ,(153-150) 9p(? 
.(161 — 156) p"»n'i D'aytf "V nwiDnan ,orani» »p'nj?Tia nnsipan 

,(25i) ncpnni j?»mn 'an iiva aan .pioea d» Van na jrt»n .a' 
'amin njaan '"jr niaoia "niTyrn a-'^a^n navuni^ ,pTxa nanan Tva 
nxpaa nipj? dVi« .(3i8) in^nn nx mmo K'nw '"dvk ,navn piosn. >ttr 
nifitD'a o'annan ,nbin nK nnvaa nn^ana* n nyDirnr^ ,(25i) nan nn bap^ 
n'piOD ^^«^ 'ari'in niaantrr ^n^nensa «ik nn .^'in'Bsipa nayanai hvbitk 
y nniH n'isa ,(njnapn ^loa o'Van pm niaan) nnayatsr nt^ nnra nan 
('?"|i?)donne-moi >(Kri98) dis-donc-a pw ,na iiian ^3 Dj? nasy nvBinn 

.nssin njnina IK ]nn«n mj?aai ,«ipaa 

nainn yBi2^ ^a hk nixaVa nij?im ^an nnj^nn ^aw rV«a pia 
l»K ,ia |i'yn axs ''yss imis^naw ,nibRvn »]«i ."lanott? 'Koaa^ iDoa ViVan 
niKiVw' nT naoatt^ nana dk anxa «•? » na»a KiVaa laij? nn n^nenV na ina 
ni?»B^aiDni nayn pnpnn nrr^ lainau^ nnva • maitt^nn mannn nnn 

innajrn nniDD'nn 
'fi^ ..T^Ann !?tt^i 'lai ni'mnn n^an /iai j?npnn ,d'Van bv; ninriBan 
riKSixa^ Kiipb iitsr^, na ena ly ,y'aa8^ tjra'ra o»ainvn ,msiHn 
lia^tt^ia riD'tyV niDiDsa ]m ,niaTian nvyan *|ao iniK ^aa lant 

.o»*a»jr nvNai 



, ' -', t' , * -'it. , ,• i . ,■• ^»-r .'' .>'!> 



$5 pwli'l !«itt «p*»B 



]o»3a b»nn» nrtjr ,tj^»tt I'xpn 'a»a nin mt&n p nKiann nB'o« 
f?ia»i n»iann ^a hd'ok .ayn'n 'na •«i'»o«ni, d^ik ,Tittn-|iVDa naaai 
.••TOKiTan* Kin nti ,nttrna ,f ^n iioa lam - ap»n pi plan p ,naian 

."o^bi ms 'jwa ia rwnufb Bia* — '?ok 
iB^BK I Npn ikV - d"Vt (a . ^ a a n by nK^tj^aa// : w'annV u^^ (k 

.KB'a Va ia r\»vfV 

.^nmKa Q'a nia.. — n K^ 
ii« iDn'!* :'n3n»i ...isn'u ainsn "inn 'laa n"?!* ,s^n mian "j»an'^ 
,'»a '«ia) "D^n D'a nsa dip iKsa^i Vnaa pnr naj? nen'T ...Q»an nnKa 
D'a on ran ^ax ,D'Nxia ]»k a'nyi o'ssia o'njr — 'iKsa'i* ,(a'-n' 

.■("Sfan ]a Q'»aian 
,(ia ,t!? '«ia) 'b»a ia^ |»k pn mam;/ : a^am »a^ ij^i'a iian 

.la ttrvD'anpyi a'^vftii VaK :»'wt tt^ieai 

.^'a'B^isa o»'n-'»^ya ~ n » 3 a " n 1 • D (n?3) 
D'aye^i ma^ o»iwp» onv /a^ma* p'soa ,Hpin i«^ o'D^wa 

.*noa nana ,Q'»anp ni>ya ,mVna n^a mana// — n j? a 
-n«^Ha ai's a's^aatj^ nnen) |nV |»k pao pV w j?bo ,B"aij?^ *iv« 
,*noiB-nisnoT&i nra-ni^sra* i:7»ainy t&» Van ,(p o»»3ip nnoma nnan 
.^noa-nana* p'Boa ,nr)ra *ni^na«n .nnn« mamanaa ]niK ^naamntr 

.'...paa npiaa nKiari// — 1 1 
Bi»a laV srn» h^) mraa nntir nns ,nbiDB ^aa n'^a nsian qiaan 
.'pa - '"i|* :nat2? |Kaai .naaa niB»ai nnjaa nnaa ,(ainaa matan ,nmn 'na 

^..f lan I'ai nmann pa TiBn ,|ann p nan nx V'lan — nan ( *i !i a ) 
laipa^ nan Va n"nTn ojr "nsai ^laa ntpjra^ ?na titp^ ]wWBa 
.nt ay nt o'a"na i»n i^iani wpni |ann* : ^*tn ma'a aa^ 'nni .imij^nVi 
naK .mwn njita '^'ava :nai« nn inwn njnra 'V»att>a :nai« nr 
iKa .mwn njrnta na V'att^a |»3?ii' lani ,pian slants^ tsr wnan :D'a'nr 
,nna i^ian i^ i^t ^nnnrV (ira-bya Nin mip-bs^a aa) n'an-^jra kx'i piaV 
i»pn n» ^aa ,(nJiiK caa' ^tna naip*? 'ai) p«n by la'^wni pnn n« ^»3 
nn f?»a ,(na«;n ^a itt^aa niana anSn n"B«^ u^awa Kinu^ awa) ibib^i 
.(as nai 'sna) |pwa pw n^nv 'a Vai »na piH nii^s?! a»»'nn 

/B'Bay n^ioB ,B'tpa' a'say ,d'tit« — n 5 ? f 
,npsr^ I'KW iy ,iannBDa winvnu? nt wia'tt^ ^t7 nipa na ,s?n' kV 
'Bayi B'Tira pn — aia'aV p'atj^ na ^a 'naaa.a Kixa^ ivbk /ntj^jra^ 
Kaaaai B^pa nip'onttr ni'a* : h ,a naa^ nat&aa n!?an ^\j^ mw ♦f j^ 
- 'ina'w IS? ,p' «^ B'xyai (a'n'w nVioB) nsaa ,^'t»an n'Vj; a'ania 
♦'syn nio'» na ]'«v awa pn "naaa.n by V'B^an nnV imagr ^»xai 



»1rt3 ri»a 94 



.*nanab Nifioa la D'aniaizr '^a* — 05a8 
«^i >aiKn p p^n n^x Nieoan ]»« .ntyya^ .oiK-'aa^ oa - ^in 'sb 
DJi na ,iy n'lj^Niaa da /'KiBoa csi |an oa* D»»favfl ainan inn naa 
1K b;3iK u D'anuiy 'ba/ziKM "oiatj^ bt2? naiaan nmanm ,»' ,d' d'Dfiwa 

1 ."nana^ ^»Va 
I'aion ,bna ixu^am D'a's^un ."purz/n ^awn «in nt - Kifioan osy^i 
^miayrrnia nxi .Tnan-pN nK,naiann nxi Din jik nsvn nainn .nsoiani 
|ann !?»aa nt baa ."nanyn* ix 'lana// D'piran bv; ]i3n'ta o'iaaB^ nt 
pflobi bia'vn Vjr ^pnV ,oian nx ni«!?a^ na i?n xa Kim ,nais?T nioa 
|a^»ai |ann lajr 'anjrn pwn b^ iVio'n ojr .nrxn-'Vya^ miajr 
»Da /'oan-^aiK*n ik .(riiV'ana uriaan) mnn vfpn «a laipaai ,Q^i5?n 

.Q^vaa iniK D'aaatt^ 
HiDoan ]a q]; ,nja oii nta ox ia tt^» ,notfn nm' paa m .,T5tnn 

.pnn |a aav 

»avimwa npnr nn^a n»ian ,nipv piyw o'^ia'tjr.../, - a'a^ 

."nnaannm nn^'n 
'a'aK ni'i^vna .niK'xan m a^m ^in dk poo ,|iuKnn naon^ ibtr 
- n'av naijrm - n^tyan Vw asa 'tV n^Jinir^ :wn»D — («^ ,» niai&) 
,■ .nnsia p owai 

nwiNa :vaon^i ,D»pain ]»a nnsnV tt^» ,]nnKn laon^ iu^kv 
'a» n« IT n^a nK»aa ,a'aHn Kia ay nn^asn nV»nna dwu^ ,aiyan 
DK a'a^n baoa ,«]Tinn ojr db^ n^»nna nn'asntt^ .nitan nisiKa ; nnt"n 

•nnaannm n^vann 

.'imix naij^V b^j? iniH!?'att^ ,«ii3r is n'n f?ttr nij; ,f^mD//-iTN 
— 'f^mD#ni /K^iaan niB»sn ik n^nmiy Km "TiK-nv ,D^vaipn a?' 
2 .Qipa^ Dipaa oi^ayn^ tj^pni ]ann hk na D'anuur ,D»nas ik ^an njribp nu^i 

.'«]itt^: KtJ ^aK tt^Ka ysrwo f v nta// — ii k 
.iVia «]iBr3 K^i.^aiK Kb bax ,ia mnK BrKntJ^ fv i" tpaan 

/'nbajrn niiDna maoa^ — a ^k 

."fl'oaab IK mi"aV pnna,/ — a » jj 

.^a»K* Qtt^a aniaaV iwsKty o'asy inKi nKa maaV baiK nwjrab 

.*...nanan »aa by -la ,nv*na« — «i 3 ij 
«jaiKntt^ ,a'yaip ,flnb ant arK nnipan astj^i ,nanan r by Q»'isan 
by ]ai T 1 a n n by 'ityab nynian ^nana ba by pi o i o by na^aib Kin 
l^yai ,(nb ,Kb 'Kia) "baamaa aa'tt^ni* i baab - a'ayn ik nam ,nana ba 

.baab ntn nan ion "na,. 



.[Tiiyn — Av\ 123 At "S'aWj^'x Kliaba .i«&b ^jr iBRaw n» "y] .1 



97-. - ' - |w>i .s>biij j»i^.nB '^ .-• i 

D-iu K»n vmn .nin^ ninw ts^naa ;n»^ : «)^!3^n^ ttr". jqVik ,p9i pwKin 

iinp?3i rit?Dii nynn ntt^ini nVo^tt^ nn : »i^ "i isk*: pwn rjTiavaaiwn -S 

'jtt^n laonV .(aain /iiaH »ipV») ''i »n TJ?»Kn iniK p'na ,nnrnr nn ■ : ; 
pu nK mn Kin nan- tmnn ip'i iitt? asaa nKjfain nniann :nnv pai 
nVs ,^iay nuiy pun p« in^nVu^' 't&'^B^^v.(a ,a ni'i)^n^»^n Dnijwn 
,n^aiva mis n^iapa ,awi Ti^n ^aia'oa ri'Vj? p*aim nsru^a ,n»npntt^ 

/n*?!]!}; pw 'sn* |Nsav :: 

.'Tiinni iiiDn-* - D»att^^n-nla; (fi|'^) 
nai^f?tti? maipa ,tinTan nisnsa pn d"j? 'o^att^Jin nia-'^. >w nt Jiigia 
nr Vwia |»h ^ax ,Qm ^a tinoina_ D'a' ,»nann-nia'* D'sa "fl'awn-nia'* 
o^att^antt? ,''n'^minT\Wi, ni'naa sin naa^n ^a dj&i2^ ,aij?ati nmsa d"p 

•qna d^niav 

lan ^3//) fpn nina ni.iii?aa nKsaa ir nVar *s ^y f]K — 15^ . 
|aiaa It n'?aa tnaian tt^ia'ttrn ns my!? ]••« ,(aa ,u^ "^aiaa /wsa Kia** -it&« , 
mna pH'aya uk ,'Dnaii,n th n^i Q^'senn jik amis las nui'ya^ .ni ' . 
k"?i D'aisan ns piBrn|a o's^aaiasi ,''a'»iai//n iiH hVi a^D'nin nN-ninV 

.•t]'3na ,mi?^n naia* - 1 j 1 b^ ? no^ 3?ol B^avC^sD . 
pna/. ^ai{?a Q'vin nott^ai .naian^ tan dw |»k u^'n^^a iipaa 

■ ^ .*npina.|ittr^* /'d'TBtt^ :../ 

.^..pa D'nnDHn nKsb iy O'jt'a ^v niaiyn jfia^u^'i/ — 7\^y%\ 

.^nTiT ott?^ D»s?an/^y naw'n *]iyn nap3/, — nn^^T 

n'jpanVa nn'XT DA (a .r^al^it^n^V Wi yonann I'a Kin 1^^^^ 

nV^in 11VX7 DB^^ o'ran;:Bia»n qiaan .hm naw 

,^,.p»a»y'ij nK K'j^inV na D'^ia'w nB'an.*. — B^ ? 1 
.(]i&i»-|:;^|i,'iiJi ^iinarBB'):!!? p'aiij?^ a^tnn^iV'an «)*i»xn ni i»ia»wa 
n»^'p>^BnV p.w. nntjai??^ ^^^^^^^^^ n?nis >nv ]n ne^am r\pr\ tnu^ya^. 
:Q;VTai^ 13K »./» niann navaa naa/ra ni!?iy p>Ki ,n!?iawn,^ina ]»yian^ 
na^n'ta /O^Vaia nt») tt^nni /(Q"ra narya nttt^ |ii»a) naiiKa uainni, 
iniKa |ain^. iniai nana nKixa o'^o) nis?Ba nf?in may? na (nianaa; 
,*nanniTiiK !?'aKaK!?i (niinn p iiok ntttr ,ooin) aan k^ Ksaa.,]'an 
.n'^Knm nanaai ^Kit^' n'^y. nt»:na nrn^ n*^y» .nann nKianananan 
,nian 'Vai anpn ay ,nianaa piaa nania ''tpn^n^ts nio? .pai^ 
DX ,ttr»T *?'?a^. .nVK^na .nt i&nnea ifiynantt? D'^yeni niau^n Va iKaav 

«« ., .Danaasaarnaiaaa 

nuB^a py»an napa VB^cnj'Xia napn an pio'o ima y>^V ">y.|KaTi 
riK a'niny 'ama ir niaaitnai ,*nana.iinana nipoyrniv -- /^nf 
rpn *iio. ty aniywn TXp, n^»niia plan ntiay nas^aa yira :naortn , 
na B^»B^inTiay> ,naia niana riipoyiin«?'WimiBn3 ^^. Qiipai ,^^^^ 



»iiib .i»a 96 



.'niTBm D'nnsiT /O'Vj^n ti'Kxir i3»i»t!^ nasatj^ napn// — ^ijy;;i5 
,^ai»a ,pVn ,3131 Kin n3j?ntt^ nta o'Viaa oni ^'jiyaa — wpn ]'« 
p^nna .D'^S? hiK'sian ,(n,t3 d'Vd — /'pe-'B^ Vu^ n»av nra*) Dim ^s?a 
-mijan nipoa iNaai » «]io-n3p ,?nn-njj? ,B>j?-njj? :d'D'j?o nDinaiD>psV 

.aiaa mna? pvb 
D'nj?i >Vn d'ny .oiaapni nntt^en p« ,KVan nasn «in iiiyaan 
.nB^nyayvana D'njn baiya o'ny ,D'Dna bya oai tj-'B'yo ^va ,0B0ina 
M'*m nas ^a (men nK la^ Tatan ,v'ar!?ivax ^is!?sn niiaV) i3K la^a'a 

.*f?iya3i/'/ D'jaa wk *n3j?* 'iiJia 

. .'na inr I Twa nann// — n y 1 T ? n^v (B'n?) 

- :pa3?j /na inv// nraa ]'» ^as /'npina/yi 'nvna- nraa t2^» 

.(96-92 amasr /''anjrn nean// neo hk-i) n'rina ^y niN^'aiy m'a 

nnDKntrr ,n^» '^iv ]'a ^naa 'as /a 'am ,r'»tt^n •^^:'^^//a naxaa 
«liy lixa /ip-»atiy//a |n ,iin ib'Jia mD'S-pi ^isr-p "jsV ^'?ia ott^ «in 
pDiwa)nma i^ tt^anai tVxi by naisr Kin nran p inij?p»annV rac^ ^n'a 
^'loinai nxia-noina ,«'|p-''tt^ain/»a ^ni .(n'niaK^a n"i»ana ivannV •iipbk 
.(a*sn ns»a) 'r j'y inriBna K^tjr - nnsK^ ; anin non!? D'piptn ,5rw> 
-'aiBV nana ,n!?5rabi nara ,D»aa^n niBijra !?iiaa «iiy"|a Nin bnani 

.(13 ,iD 'Kia) "btiii "iini b'KV :n*a niBiya ii^aiB 

."vys nnK nin^a .nm i*?ii» — 1 n 
Daw ,wn iiaoa r*9h:^n ]a Ksr'ba ^hb-jib n»n ba bur i^i :|iaan 

.D'lTyan vbVb nx nsna Kintt^ *b bv «1R #«Tiitjn p iz^» la 

.•np^am p lyaa^ Vas?n 'bV Diona// — 9 1 a ^ 
.Oayn 'Bb Diona ,!?ia»a// - ] 1 a a .. 
'iKni ,*pa'»Aa kxv bayn r«* :i nawa n piB "naur/za »pa'a^n nio' 
pBpiBani fiBan ti^iTBn Vj? xbi'? a^-piK iV nMtzr ,]ib'an lana nawV 
Xn'iiaBiaa s?'*!) "Wrwa la^sn qiab nab n»n'tj? ,nKis by D'aniaw bijTi, 
.niK'saa ib nnio's^i nrnn by bapnan bas ,fiBa-''nban u^iVBa tnKai 
'wy Kini /darn ~ Kin Diona .laipaa ]Ka laa'K "oiona/yn abiK 
uionn Kb* : baiK ba naaa yiaab nanan 'b by iniK opwi ,bon pya nts^T 
*naiaT nKSi"* nnm (ia»aK) oniaK bw inana* Ki.na "jan) 'is^'na *»ittr 
.'onbu^ Dat TUn/, p'wi t»iBa - (ab ,na fl*wKna)''D»baan nnB'i i(Ka via) 
,Kpin 1Kb) bayn 'Ba ]n'an pp bpa Kin— ^'bia'a// :paan - 'pa'a^n 
niainnnn nianmn ii^a'wn pav poana ,nia'Ba (nbuni nan ea ^ib^bk 
Dina "iwi?!! ,mam»n pab (mai'by niamn n"a>v bba pK it nanab) 
nausn nrnb n» by n'B^y an. ,np^i'>n v^n'i «» 5?3^» nr .iipnpb naya 
...nnK pta bapbi mi»a niyib bayb ynaa nt pK baK ,iDn bK pa^ba 
.(2.7.54 *iai«3 naKa nKi) ...''OK^ab* :n»aiya pi /ari!?* Kin bpan bt^ lat&i 
,mnB vnaa... »ntt?nb nKainiv nKian» > nKiann nwnb oipa« — n a 

.•biay n»B? 



99 ]wh fit ♦p'lfi 



,'aimV TH yianV f?i3» «»»«> »»« — 9 1? a - 1 9 a ( i » o ) 

npKjn ,Twa oion ,noBHa (d'ani3)^mn th t'jii.Taira piK d»a*Vintt^ 
: tt>»na ^Vl^1 n»ivtt; 'o ,*m3a* ]Na»i i (k .n natt^ nav» n«*i) ouna 
'"lai ^"^ ^^ cm itj^a ^b? uks siina^ a»ttm i*? u?» (nu^a^) irapn iok* 
.nijrn u^nii rnann dxi t2?Kia ibinn tt>»nn mn *niny* >(a nai ma») 
It n^ar t^'onana// niann 'Ihk :niam..a |niK D'S'Viaw nana u^'i (3 
-nan^. ^apna V'tn 'eai ,n'nnK o'a^intt^ nana ^a^ n'ON^^ n^VVa^ naeni 
DW lanantt^ »b *?:? «]« .(T ,Ji vaiTj?) nt hh nt onmon a^nan ^au^V^^aa 

...an^y-ffioi an^jra Kin 

'nan nij?ana ina^a niyiitni ntnn ]»att? !?!?n*n Kin p'nn dk 
nsj?n ,nivnn ^a^ Nina^ .]sinn ]'ai iraa^ iB>i?n na ,(p^'an Vt? nwaa) 

? laan ^v 

."'ja^, -^iV^ ms'n nKi-/...?aa,,-tt^Bio 

/ .*|fiiKV a»aoa nu nnnn* - {? < tt^ /piucp , 

,n0 m |»« '«iiia m .(n'an> oa pwn tt?») tfii«a ]Ka nanan dk 

.|DiKn anna bna ^»ua dk 'a 

.niuD ^K |DiKa ax nK nianan ynt/y - iib^o 
an'ptynv piosn ."igiRn imna in« dijpaa nwnn m o'Knn tt>v 
»}? Di»n lyi .D'jiyVan ma^ya a:i ^laVa o'lan (aV .t 'k D's^a) ^onn^yni 

.nnK njri »T^ ixa 

.''B^p ,B^a' aa^y., — B' B' q 
,ttr|?n m on^aa liKB^ |iraa oVir ojV vn» h^ B>s?nn ^b^ i3»b na 
. , .'tt^tt^n* «in |»KBr Q»vn» 

.'na^n ^la pan *iij?a S?j?«^* — *iiae 

* ■ .oKn fvf Din 

.•n»nni nanan noiBi^ — «i V » 
I d^'»b!?»!?i n!? nai » nBiiu n»n : n»iVB ,nanan bv^ mxa n»n ono 
]a»oa WBva Kini ,no"iBn"»yiott^ ^s« i?i kw «i^Bnw,,^"'Oin^ aipa i«ai 
.''i^B^D Biz^B^ /■fi»BV» nKin» :nna»an DK j?nsai .nnu^g 

.•nipj? naiK ,vVoa — Bf 1 B 
,D'vVo »iaBr firtB? /p^aaK ,jaK ok »a ,^aipan |aiaa naiK »iDn |'n 
owpmn ]a iry^VR 'i Vjr .na nB^j? B^nnnar |nn p d'b^ib nx^an nainni 
n»m iV att^»%|»B?nBa i&nin n»n Hinvnayan rjr D'B^mn i»nH iMB^i/ :nbioa 
wnn nUKW nuK iy»x» Hau^ tnaia nnK na 'jBa n»aK 1!? naK inaia 

.(K K*n »!?'"') T'^'i''^ 
.*B^ain ,rtKian ni'XpV hnityp po^ - ^ ? a 
a^nnnan ^o^aup o'Va »3b^ on ^aai vann d'awmn nmpan »b^ 



»intj n»» ■ 9S 



.]»» »on'V 

nsaoa n^iirnB^ ,D*yav w» ,|kdV dai |«a^ dj o^io ]n»nty^ «?» nmpaaiz^ 
mmta n^itn :i^»Dna*i^ dj?o u^'t .n»a»3BnnK — nrsm.mairnn ppn nK 
jnoiana nipa nb nu^aa nasi ,ni3!?iaT mn nmb? ,*'n»'i')r]'jj?* ,ppn cijr 

*nan-na"»i>* ,KmiB |awa^ — d"nn nBt^a - pia nr wbH na'Bn nxi 
,nn3Vn nBurn '^n'aa orK i^k D"iB»a!z? 'b Vy «)Ki ,nanai "nniaMrfi/zi 

- .aVn Vvi njJin ^v tsn B*^aj?na 
.•pBj?a IK D'Sj? ba^ «iit^a »i»sr' puT nin» lain* ~ n ? t 
.sjnii^n iniKa onutt^ hk a»j?^Ba nu^va^ ?pByn nx o'^iy naai 

.*nBtn n'jiofl* : "nai dk iiPNan ,iaon sa 'pDjTi^ ^lyai 

A„nKiann nn> Vjra pan ns rina Tyn...* — n-ni 
.('isn^i n^* : D»a*iyy niiynn UK nK^i) 

A'Vf '^ra 2 Bi»a *iaT//a nanaa am *iaona 'naaynn nt |»»3y t»y 
'o»n*n I'attr yaij? »3« otpi ,j?aV« 'n Vty wn>Ba "lyia* natj^a^ "ninvna 
im dn»aB?i ,'dt3*^ «lTia d»- Kin byqn .nt'nK inipa div |*k *aaT«ni 

.^tnai nwina ,»ioai am : nana o^'itrry nnKa o^iai ,*nn*^ 
: nB-na''nDi np'^nvfb tana bnn 'Ba ^apnai ,Dionan Kin D^rni 
D^aipi ,t3'naxi ^an my 'wy Kim ;(Kb itna) '^*B ^y aat in'!? i? ni3* 
»B ^y pi .(n ,na Qnan /iwna iiw oionn kV*) wna iitt^n 'b !?y iniK 

,nanai mian^nn nsipna Vaan 'b ,pv3n oion 'b ,a^an 

.•f asan ai^y I'a^y ~ f » a o 
,Dn»yni D»B^Kni// piOB^ a'avisn p onnK Vsk baipa nt 12?itb 
pK .pa .V in»y\p') *mTaai nnia mt ^b^k ,i^aK* ]^ ' a n ^'^a naiKn naiy 
anian p ]»K (K .niK'san nK o^in Kin ]'K1 aVn ^y ^apna m i^itb 
ntt^iTB - *nV»^a* i niVa ik I'lan nan oia? nV^^aa aanyV nnran nixiKa 
'lia'nn^a naKaa ? pa miam rinnn '?^ D3«3y na (a .KiBoai pn 
*pan*nttr ,'»nyn nn qv^ niina »3ki ,n! |"iyV am iaon|nia »aK a^n x*»i&n 
'lOK nKiann :itt>iVBi /iai "ntt^na-i *»noi* paa pian 'naiaa inK Kin 
tnaia naa^ K'aan nKna o'anipn n'pioBa ,n"it^ naaioi n»»i nmiiv 
,]iim |tt?i mm ,na*TKn nsian an^i ,naiKn nK yitn n»K lyit noa inai^ 
«^»nnV |iiann K»aan /'iai an^yni D»B!?Kni .anna la Kinn ova fajpa nyT» 
(on^^y p laia Kin) o'T'yni D»B!?Kni? ly >p *a n^nan naian nK 
Ka paai) vnnn pta oniK oion^ D»ania q^!?»:i*i D^aatau^ ,nanKn naiy 
^C^O'ao* nianan n^aiya) f»ann ]a nT&» o!?»Va nK i!?3K* (niinaa^ ''iK^^n 
♦D'Vao ]'«i ,mTaai nma n»nta nrn!? maiyn nKiann ]te 



101 . ii»Vi yatj ^iP-iB 

/'ni^aa iiyaai d'yVina pwn ?)inr ^niD ^iy* - ailj^ 

aiyan nisixa a»aniyri mpn^ liianna nm. tsya K^i ,0'naii'' 071T 
ph kV laiTo ••Sn ,D'BTi»n p Kin dhi .(oivt nstj»a ma «in nitaa) 

' ■" ■• •■■ ■ ' ■ ■. / .: Vni^aa 

."nnwnnn ^»:i »jfi^ niya :(nV«ttrna)*-n^s 
,niKn Tin«ai ,^5^ 'iD-iNim ,n^an iVpa ri« nb'nn nn"? n^n >ixi 
."nVKB^na* riK qx ira' tnt > (iz^^.ti^) *n'3iD h»3n nasnn^ :h^warin 'asV 

.*ytt^T onK nia inana^iK iTH nia* ■- n "3^ . 

Hin ^aLMTas). Di2?a sju^ih^u^ ima nx nuDV niann |a nr pK 
Q"n3 Da ,ti"n-»!?jraa 'nVD-'tJ "n Vaitr »jki jyurin biv inaina nn jraip'''. 
nnD3B> IK nna ok 's ,nnK t3s;B «ik nanan ^^sk nire Kb .nnooa djii 

' ■ "' " '^" ' ' ' - . ' ■ , '.ntbDi'nK- 

."p^V nra ,D'a3y naniV 'ba^ - iT^ib 
,ap»n Vbt j?Vn K\T mn) mn iin:i naiJi dk 'a Aba m |'k ntt^jrab 
nK a'ain ,miQa ,na .onrn nK oxi ]"n nK ox ia ]oaKb ivi^an 
tj?'K I'KQ'ayai nab 'Jiani miB* :p'a dhkh Dina^BV by nx'baai .D^aajr.T , 
D^aayb ni'a ]'p nmen nbapm rana lyia^tsn bain ^ina .(a ,3;o 'ytr^') "»nK 
.(TB ,a 'an) "amyy nirm nnis cr'tj^'an qiB^nb ap»n bK Ka* iwn'nViK 

^ ,mK^ "jivb myn* nKi - . r ? I? ^ 

.'noio btt^vJiian bttr nbi// — ine, _ .. 
KW D^a nmnn nnK |t»bai ,''pnKnvbion biy ibv— >iBnn oa pi 
Kin i'ats^n iion ,nTn insnar /miyn* mavb»aa iriKa n»ainb nxn ^'B^ai-ja 
nK iniyna nanaa D»a»n hk Ksa iivk nay Kin« : na ,ib n'u^Kiaa naian D?.n 

.D! Tiya "tt^Tipn ba*n«a lao i!?» nt tt^iTsb .''i»aK psastb omann 

.^oion bip .ns^js ,nnaa^ nyhn* — n 5 fj ^ 
bbaa .inaaai imiym bij? bij? ,aniBrmbip on oioa ns'asi nbns' 
.Q'anK onanm .nB'tt^jvmna /ns^js ,nbns inibij? nyaiK 010a a»iia 

Qwb »jvb *ioa nana .noB ba^ nap (tmaiKa)/, - Kn^Bf Kri^p 

.'noBn 'aiis:n"Ji? 

p .jnn biy ni?'s?n ^*^2^an ,nisa n"BKb nap ,nap mn nta'an nio'* 
,pb nyran dipaa ,naxybmsa nBiK nnstt^a ba nn"n nnK in ma' 'aBb 
,nbyaaa'?)u?vnDnnKnD'»a"jsan,m"yn "na nbna n'lin nn"n n n^sKi 

.nbia'n 'Bb onb ixKn 
.•n'i|//b nnyn nKi -- .n»i|-|'3i5 (Hi^) 

anpi pBpisa . poya noa nvpttrn> - •>^>^n']^p^ fs (n,i5) 

^'"TOBnb 
nKn bty laar by Kbi ^'asn ]np by oyu na ,ani laon pyw nr Tiy 
nynn-iaK la'a-* iyi nnnn baav ,K»n maiy t'lai b^an bu^ lauin by ik ' 



,^apn3 13N lawa .^aan p lup Kin a^ainni ,nKnnvatj?y m'^tpV ,DrTi'a 
13^ Tata Sim ,n3»p mra nTisni d^jtj^ n'pva nVaijra po «in Vaanur 
i«liin Va nD'BDa s'n ia miayni ,Tyiinn !?Br icioai in!?,''nna nTn dk 
,'iam •»»•'., a"o D»aia«r-D'yawD laiiK .naa »s Kin Vm wannn i^'ki 
«liw .m»aya ia anaij^i ,D'n' 'Uttra na onniKur ,nanK np^ naina 

.ninai iw' 

.'lynn njrtt^a miV nnpni ]nn naia hk muBivn D'tt?j?tr>pn^-f la 
.("i^n^ TO ^^"J) ii"iTn nyura nna pean ,|anni tt^pn paK :]iD3n 

.•paKa mpsi 'ip'a^ mnv^ is Dtpaijy mus* — Kpsv^ 
Q'ana .D'.najia .dniK o^ti^iy las ,ff»KDK»»n n"tt?v^ o^Daip la^ I'sa 
n«ttrynVini»a nax ynt^ iV»nhn niannKn D»at2;ai m mua!? o'nasn ]Ka 

..niB^naan riK D'nj? pa-fliivtt^V ittTKi in 

.*n!?ia''tya pan nspa ^nK^ nit^p I'T^ - ] y S" a 
vaian n» nfimsm na^Van ns irnan niywa ,iaipaa kV |Ka pan 
Qxya — miy{s^a (k nnsa ]y^an .('lan* TijrV myn nsn) pa Diva 
.TA^an 'pij^ na'»^ja - |iD'B^ai d'»»na (a iiaaa pVn nnna ns^^pnttr ,TJi*ian 

.'jraia I ivKi^ nD'uy^ — n 9 3 1^ a 
D'aara (o^saut) d'tr^ain vna^ mion K-'n nssaxan .yaia — fluasan ']'k 
— ,ir^'KVniaa dwa nta n^ni ■ ,mTan nisiKa ,ai»n da nspaai ,a*anp 
iniK bKttr ,miD («iai5t) &niQ law inKii sain ai 'afiVsaiaan n sawai 
('iB^a 'aa'Kv 'aba) *Kaa'03 k^i* ^h las ?^*niD t»iiB Kin ]'s na 'aea 

.(a'jr 03 I'tt^irp) 
,(ta'Tn» ,'ia ibn yaisi |aa«) na^sni pan |a p!?n n'n dnpn jraian 
.wKin bjnniK d'tt^*? ds 'a rn\&'an^ ]n'a Kin ^'K rniiis ^a ^ydi^n b^ nn 

."IS)^// Tiy^ 'ftiyn nKT - /'^sikV nnna ia, — n y n^a 

*,..nan ,Q'»^ni^ Ty pu^* ~ nKa 
-^»a Kin.iKantt^ /^'^^^ n^K.i'aV'iaa 'aK "iia^nn^a y^an naKaa 
«7aB^a Kini ,nnK"iiy* . ,d^Br iniua^D^? ,ima »'n >tj? nijr 'wjr ,nn»a 
dipaa d»an riK d'vaya . ia ,naarn nia; Va!? ]"n riKi piyn hk ia d'tt?^ 
d'Va hnKaa iT'oxii d'aiyaafl .man KB^a. na d'^na >'aa Kim ,aipa^ 
'nyan na'tv* :/n 'aaV ma^nn nK "j'sa d'^nnri "iiitt^ai .{i ,o vtt^im) 
. .an iVia-jp ir'aur .nsaa - (d ,Ta d^^nri) 'iisaa 

dai tya^a da ,d'ai» ma 'ams^ ntyawa ^p na my n>wy nanm 
Maaiy ^y u^ ,nan ^k |mi d'a nam anb np'i« :aina.dnnaK^SK .^naa 

,{T ,Ka n-'ttTKia) 

.*"iann nDa o'oai* — I D a 
na ]»K IT man// :iann no ^latpKa a'aoao-ioaon nK d'Kn laK 
,u^bMb d»a»o ,^1^ob mnn ,bbnb ]»a^iV, ,n'?'aK^ dnan k^k ,n'?iOB 

.(sia Kan mwKia) "nnaaV d'aoao 



103 ]i»i»vsrao »pii3 



•nsri;, /la-* liy n«")) nam 

f)3aiH» n an |vo»3 it^in Hini 'anyn pun ne Kin mn ]ann 

.nana f?aKaV »ihi n'n'u^ ,inwy^ 

."i^ ivjitt? laa anann (: n\'Ktt?na> - ti V ^ 3 ^ 2 (Q ? ^) ■ 
pii >nnn pta nntt^» na^^n dVna na^in nn^xani nBi!?Kn nanan 
.^n^KB^na* da ia^ pia iTiT »o^na na"»*?n« ^v mio» D^yni^ wkv inK^ 

T-in«^a nnyn 
'1D1 a^o ,TM ,nia.n ,^in tpxa .naiKn "^aio «i"»t)iny 1»» nt TiyV -nans 

? ''Jiiaup// i^Ni "ni^m* i?k j?ina ^naon nn? »♦ 
.•nwa!?« «i»o"inV ttr' n''?jra^ nR'aa K'.nu? n^j?in^ — nan? 

♦"(.natt^an '^a) ma!?nin* - « "j 9 ? 
.nawan n« »nDV Ka Hini .nattra^'^a nia^n ]'K 

."•nani nan hk o'lman o-ianna nnn da Kin 

."l^^ana o^raiz^a v!?5rtt^ j?in' 'la n^ar*— aj^n 

tnSnny^nasn nr* p^ni 

.'cnn ,nW n^'ya ,inn»ao^— np jn 
.Vijraaa pn «'n nV'vw 

.'nnK fiT'N nwK*~.n^T nffi"^ 
^ .nnt «'n iVttr na's^ ntt^K ^ a n»ya!? 

.•nt^tia ,inainaV Hiooa vaiban ai»y* -• n ' ? 
.ni nN da ^apai .n^xnV a^B^n'u nann 

."nia-is mVtt^a ^bfinn^r — naiiD '3dV nti; 
. * .11 "nv'^''* iv; nnipa na n'aonV v 

."nioa ,niy'ax .a^an naian* - n 1 • 3 ? s 
? maasabi nn^oa^ obiya inaan ]»kv ,aVaV ^laxnn ntn 

."D'aea yiDa ypnpn»tt^«-- 0*3 3 
.'ona« law o^nni onpw yua da 

.'D"»^intt; '^a nsj? V'jra* — njBflS) 
.Ki?in iN^ — nx? 

.•nKian renaV n»tt^aa« - a va a , 
.nKiann nana oa Dfra^ai .Q»ana m^Bni ,aiaaVninis nann 

."n'Vjr a'B^na? nNian nany/z-ntt^na 
.tt^n dwV aniaai manaa n»^sr d»ann» nnwur nsian hany : aoia 



»ifl6 n»tt 102 



'ID >ni»fian nnN h^ .T3ip ^y i'^d ]i« nwipi n^in iivn nnn laoani 

iVisV vn'i ^aij?a laiV "d"iipn ^y it na^tt^ nna^jra pi .d'»a')a oaoieV 
I'niya r)» av^ 'a bai ,*iiwn |a !?iana ,n'n'a-'nVa n^nnin »axn^^a« 
. _ .nitn ]!?ai?Vniipn iV ]»« ,vni? b}f («pin ikV niya) 

."pnnnn nwttrn ,n»nhn ; naiN^ — y j2 •^ j? 
,yaip 'JK "ypipr naiK ,pK* a^anyn by 'r nnn nxsaan na^wia 
Tinau^ *inK pVn baa lena ^jrVyn j?'?nn .nainn bu? nwan im '^ypip/ztt^ 
-ypV IK aM-ypip tonaixias dk .mnnn ypnpni'K d'as Va by .naiKn 
neura b'nnaV o^a'^noa mnnm D'nv mpa tKin tt^iven ,dinnn 

.ypipn ,na*TKn 

Kin ni pbha^ diu^a naa iiKipa ,nanai nrson ,n»ann ^^Van n'ypnp 

.naiKn ndtt^a bK ^ypnpn bK nnva ai^ipn 
tjiia dttra "Ktt^np-man^n bu^ |iaTTa^ypip/,n nbapm naa Kbi 
'bm/y ,naiKn miayb iii^piz^ na babi ,mtt^b da |Kaai ,«"iap-iiTinK//b 
ypipi i^aab ypip ^nbnnnni Tien dx |Naai ,''nbina ypnp^i *ypip 

.d»»bjnb nnna 
.ypipa Kbi naiKa dnuini d'niip man hki iKan nK 

.*nwibp naitt^n a»s?n// - tr^ i? 9 nnn (U^j?) 
.n^m natt^ pK ia n^nnni ^lai&'nbi isa'nb la-n u^pn :Kban *)aonn 
iiann nK.d'p^oa vn laiJ^ ,n'a baa 'ixa n\n u?pntt^ pva .ODNa maai 
/'lyaviirpa// /"jra urpa* : nasnav bvaa nfiura mtKna ,dnbn n"fiKb 

.nanai "tt^pa inKJ* 

."nanav vp «]0K// - ly ij;" J5 

UK K'smb laaia — (avn maty) "lanb i&p e^wipb* :Kpn 1Kb - tjOK 
d'bydb nana ,viyiiy by {v^pt\ nnKb mtya ^Kiyity ,tibtyn wp) typn 
nnKa snbnni iixpn «|1D'k laaiav /'upbi* la biaa ntai ,"1^11?* ,*aiyy« 
]Ka »Kpin 1Kb d'sy — (ab .id laiaa) "d^sy tytyipa* nbKi^nai .dnsipn 
p dj^ laaia ^aKdO// n^aiya d:i pi id'apiai d'»sip ,npon nam qaian 
^ypnpn p d'sy tybin miKsaiy laba ,d'sy tyi^ipa^ .npon nam aai 

.(K nabn ,n pno 'nao ^abvii^) 

/'naKflb anp piT fy* - n ?^ p ij^ 

a'ja ,inipTa naurnba iaiy,d'a'' vi*<»'i P^^^'W •''^■»' af^ laona 

.nJKnb nspaa nann ,»id natpa niai d^ayo 

."fsipa typ//-|a:Fi 
ip"»n dbiK .-laT^a inaKaa nnKa pa " tt da biyaa nt tyia^iya 
ppan »p^ :wiBa Kin *nabnD n'lay* nsoai .'•biy niyn ^eb iniK 

. ."psp tt^p :Knpa naiaaa 
*lia»nn*a, 'laKaa 'nai irxan nan t pnn biy la'u na ,ntt^yabi 
man 'a'tya lannai lyana naiya» nnK napn biy lan int ,|an a'^iyn 



',- ' • •- ; 1 I ^-j-,', II "ti,, e- fr-^/r' - 1 (_-"'" r'-i"!/,. >-ffi'., "h;' 






'K niK ,min-ia ii^'Wj nisDii Jii-iun 

»?V ,^V»K1 107 '05? ,n' T1D liJwVa voa^'i na Vr niB»n rnnjrn 
D'MVMnaa^V nijitt> nnj^n >"tx» «i»oinV »hi« oa miy inifT»-|a-|'i^»a 

l*jn tJTKia N,sa nw >"rw bu^a yoa^'i N»aa ,2,2 'ay^ iinyna 
Ktn 'a -]'"»2a WH y iiy ."p'aaa a^ai K'sp nu^a// ]a»on nK; n*^n li»s?i'i 
TiDoa 'pyiyiM, t&n ki3T -lanan nn Kisa^ a!?j? 'ra .nt p^o nana 
ptt^ m?' KiJitt^ ,i?flO I'Ki .12 'iB?.i» 'av ;a'o» nK'S'ri ,»DB^an nwny* 

/ .tt^'jr ,i?ni?T »V^aV Q*ininaca»aa''o nnVw^^^ 

.]n3 /n ni3H.Hn'"ia vpv pp^iin'roa naoa twv , n 1 a k ': «iftmu ,5b 

,(ia ,« naw Q^aon) *|iTVsa ] ' n a k n a « t^ycnnjioin ,12a 

.nKnaiaK: noia 01 K?aa «]inDpia ^11 2m T^y .i6b 

,ns!3K »a im :m''ny ^>1s ma'rva; aran .na^t pv »)ipa jpat 

.aaian^/Kfiiaipy W 
,|aR tt^io :f?»s.i9nnitj^ .3Da 
a^oar nvrai ,d>d>3S /niiPrTin 'oa* :| a ^oiatj : «]Ovi >pwk ^ijrDs.?^^: , 
.(m |wV B^ia'w Vjr "ray k> arm ; iBr,ar]Km j?*aai)V'D'»''ia ^iv] o » 1 a n 
'D^tt^aa ^nVo^ : pji^ -13 j^ ., : 9sr^ «ioin< (la? . na? j?m pjo), natji ,inK .38b , 

.(T*Dn ,nnnTK ,ryoT>iiTO) 'iTja^ 
,n3n; ^a) ' o?i j^:^ nm nr ora lajri, : ^ysaV, «ioin .i% iijr .4ia 

.(a'i»*? j?'i!?'o 
'anj? ,111 naio '^tii?) "iTKnjj.Va pmaa 1 t a if j ^ : 9j?biT qoin .db^ .4ia, 

.(fliDioi 'a 
.(linoplia /») oiay=DV3;^ j»|Oin ,43br 
.(am ,nnB' ,T^p) *!?:in pi3ta D»a* j^oin ,^^^ 'pS' .44a 
" !? a K "'O'on T*<^^ n'l?'*?!- : US ~ 9 i ij *10'»n .^xk Tijr. nnn .44b 
DB^a>''a W 4 msrn "11 ^'i^ty ^soi pKa mrn »]i^t* inmi 'bV .(bar) 

.TimH ]'aD IK., :"w*i 
vr jr »aa ps / innnK^ pa' u^iaKn iV* : |ans ,isaa«|aaN «]oin .45a 
I'niiiaa aTj?' nna "raK sin (nna nns^a ^''aa ]a) ]aa8a ,bi»n la-Vnaa 
pi) pTKa 'nno'j M'^^n KT ,'mnnaa .('3 ,'inn^NV p:v) "^sk ib^n 
ran nyt VaynnnVKu^ n^iai, »|imK ''Ma niaipan »ju^ai (roi?.'03 
I'ayni ,'aiy pu^^a ,anxaa=:(aV /Sa 'aT) "ij^Ka iBir b'aaKn iiHV^y 

♦jioaiaK ,'biya |a HKi .|iaa«^y bi it nsiin 



Sl?5^5*^*:(%5wR^^;-#^ ■ ■■ ■":■' ■■■■;■ '^ ''.':'■- ■■ ■■"/•• ■., 
;§l'::-:^-'^;' ;7''^ ■''■ [ _ :"■'/■ .;"■';■ J :^ ' "'^- .■..■ ---■ --•.^.- :•■-■- -'J^*^^ 

■ B"'Ksia mip 'JD3 .a'!?'ia't^n*"'ip f?j? la D'oaintj^ bj?)!) aa :«]'oin^ »» . 

i*"iDi riDna^Br ninai (aiaa f»T Kin nip) j?i nij?«— »no 
.Dinn riK 13 D'^'ntt^Mtt^ ,*«lipn/y ]K3 ion 

.'"nD«;iiina *i!?i3ttr ]a«~iii|^a 
.••pin »nba aivta labia 

."1^31 lK3t ,niana*-n3j;>a 
."nana// .DM 'nspa* ^^aa f?axi nifi ,010 ax . 

."nmno naia* — no^o 
j- "1 . ."njij?* 031 Kin nni ,m3j?^ vVjr /iiaa!? 'ia 

/"iai miay nans iKiis ^V awian Dia*— f?^ 
onvnVi '^i5?3"iwa«'? nanah hk i^^Kan n»ti>aai *Va ^a ntt>s?»^ 

• .oion nanna on Kxaa Kini ,^15? K'lpa ^nniay"? 

' .. . ."D'Via'ttr ins* — I'ay 

.b'Vi3»s?-'»3|? inx : pain 

/'pK.^tt^iK p >ttr '?''?K tnaoinaniaT^-^^s 
? nanai nt3n3n ,nanan p'ni 

\ ' ."iiB^ ,ii?a3 nam* — n 9 

Kin iitt?n lOiioa »fiV3n a^ann ijpan-ia dk p *id/, at&s a'laa hk 

.onioan 

."oion !?ii mnnna Dn3natt^^n3 '?j?3...// — np^g 
av 33i5>y k!?b^ »-na />n3 noiB/z ik "Viao* aiy3 nm a»aaa uk 

.nmi?an noion 

.•OIK iiya ^aiK* — ^^''51? 
.•'^3'jpi Kipi ii'a-ja UK ^aiKty 'a !?a ,Q"n".''^V33 oi kVk BnK3 pi kV 

/niiDiDa a^^n ^jr a'»n-»Vsr3 na'aiT/^ - n s » a V 
.niVaipa a^^Aia n3'W' : |iaan 

. • ' .*nm Jiviyvy npi naa!?*-«]S?i 

.yy •?!» an a-iDyin an ,yD^a aib csyntt^ ,3iyan nisiKa 

.^paiKn nia nii ia a'iniai nanan "py iniK a'^inay tq'Din^ 'Kia 

.*Ttf'»aay ) nofioa nKo"? pa/y — n'aatt; 
.n^'ry o^binh a^anai psoa nVaia u^'sayn'aatt^ ^tt> it noia 

."13 ^inn«-niii^ 
.(li'aiKa) Kiaiu^ Kipa n'a ^inn aa 

*iynn ]"// — tt^ii'i? 
.no^onn '30*? a^aay r» 'P^^" 



107 'K ni« niin»"ia ti^»a?» mwij mnjw 

.(n' ,n »^wa) ntt^»?? :^'X .[nt»K3 n»\&i] : 19 /iw .8ia 
nvK) 9»5ij! «9i nv TV {9iT 105 ,b'>^^r) V'vun] .939 ia .86b 

.(532 ,B mint ,XTn) *v»?»n«» k^i d'»35im nysp^y : «]Oin .[(H .riD 
niKn / laa iV m»y raK niaa niK»* : inab 'ira , | *i q 8 :ioin .87a 

.(117 ,x nii»T .pa«a «^ >n»n) ^nygxa pnK tt^KT'^v 
/^M'l) 'n u 1 n N n^m ac^ni. : pnK ]» on' , n » a n n « ; »ioia .tjtt^ 

^^ .(336 .nmiar , nation DT np' 
naK'i nn (n§Jj!] (a» .na o'Vn) ^b* 1^»'1 (i Wll 'is 'lu^ .92a 
^nxiaj? «]bNa] :ia rya Kin (i mjrna .[(t» ,«» «'m) o'a 'apw» >a^ 
■•a .t' K' K'fnV ^vf nnaaa 'sma Tym ..,(mj? «]i ViVaa) |?»nn nnya 
niyo |Na tt^» miKaV .[...nr^ o'aoa mm ,nnBa iin D»i?'na Dneo nspaa 
]'« nana d^iR .p'poy ma '^inv ,nnBa 'ik, ^"'s nnsa nn cnpaai idio 
w» a"BV8 .V*an a'Van na»a 'xiia naiK pwan Dii?aa ,tt^*aa niyo ]«a 
'siiaw ,awn!^ nyw lanena '"a .pmtib v' nnann ^ai n^na niyo |«a 
mann Vy miian«^ ,iaxyV tcvoi 18^?^ ^tr nannKn r'ln ^y naia 
d'Vnnatt^ /n^an B^ma r»in Vy nana 's^iaur .Kin [laani i*ik« nannKn 
nno mipaviiD'nn i"ia K'n K^mai ^nKn'^/ kiw rmpama^nn i^ia K»n 
ini ynVa in v'sioa vi paoai n»t2?na i»i |»ao3 ]»ait a^a |a ]ni n^r\% 
imyaa wa^?") i(t' ^K' K»m)nn iKn?3 (a' ,na D»Vnn) i^an iKn?^ rfp'y^a 
ili^Jl (a /3i' "raa) nnn r(i^ ,3ia 'Kna) o'ttraKn inj?ri>3 (v^ia arK) 
»(a> ,na K'aw) nn nya tt^sEi (id ,a» ai'K) pK 13932] f(Ka,a'DB^) 

/ ' .HD' nt f?a iKaan ,a> ,na K'au^ tt>»a |"yi 

na^ ,^'nn) ^»n 'n* leoni »!?ik* :•■} »2^»< J*join .»?ik Tiy ,iooa 

.(168 ,a miar ,'*wn V'oan tyeaV 
.(K ,aa ,'''7113 yaai) ''maa mnn 'aiDS '^iK/y :«]oin ,dw 
,D'a!?iK :f?*s .[aa^ajiK ...Q'a^iK Ta] .a^i^ ,d5^ik .3 Tiy .loia 

nKT3 nn\na K^ ^n'^jK naKB^ ansy nye* ; stark... ,f t n (aj mv; .loib 
,f?^Ti) n»n» ny 13*113 »d3 (pis'? ^*S) dt2^» d^ik "»nK3 tiu'i aKB?» ,n'nii k!?i 
kV IK ,rfliK 3nr laa] : d^ik nVa^ (i n'iyn3 owi .[(a'pa |Kin .ansy nyD"* 
»"3 ]wb 'nK3n .[Vyis 9p»a :a^ dk '3 n^vf laa'KBr 'aaa .n3nn' K^V3j?a' 
Vpva3 ott> na»K *a^iK/. nVan pv .tmij? kVk nt ]'k ^obk .niKa jiik 

iw»pn ^^Ji^ ^'''1 ^^^ '(P^n '"i^) = E'^i^ ''I** ''"i** '^tt'n >K mitt^p ^y^a 
.iBitf »B3'i?w» D^iK :nBa^ ri3"tt^ kmi ,j?"'ob ki3^ t")S n'aBVi /n!?"»ann 
Dtt^3 p|ij ]3ia3 nVan ttna'ts^ nan ,np»nsa niya '*3 nyo inK3n3 dk ,pK 
,|i'x 113 iia'3 >3'a)'nap'7 ^av i2^»»:i a Jik"'3 153* :^3'a $sk Kxaa iKin 

.(I'^^aa yi"»^nn 
Kn3ni n^ntt? ik nbin dik ^^3V '*k3 ayn anai] : iiyn 1103 ,Qvf 

.'nyaij; k^ 'aK .[d^iK »'"i3 Ab K*ipV 
.(itt^yn lytt^ ,D'a'aBn in3a) na^ys noin n^iK.. :qoin ^n9^K ♦102a 

.(tt^'y) o-jjir ^''s ,[n*i5V] :nBa^a i6'w .102b 
.[.„TK '3 ...'n Di^tt^aK K^i :iVk ,kVi^ .1^ nnK ,r§ »? .t$ i^y .i23b 



j»i>ia« dfinaK 106 



niiDa tt^Tpan./ :d?83j« uin :«]Oin .(O'saijTa) »i3n T^y .47a 
»»nB tj'SH^a* : n^m Tjrm ,(5«'i»b nnnu^id's^K 'BbKa- tr^ipan) 'a'saH 

.(n» ,K '»n') ^ n 1 T 1 1 B dn^eai a'nsiD ,0*033 
»» »•» xVa 'lai ?ijhij rira in"»3 pia ''aw piN iiy^ .54b 
npOD ,pnsn »V'K ,f?nx' na u^n) mavi nnK mtt'S// iiiy «]»oin^ 
'niiNi nayi nVpai |'sp// ,(no& ^er 'y»aw^ manp ,inib T^^n. 
niaDio* npOB ,noa ^v; |nn«^ mo ,d»V'sk .oia»ii^j? 'ia ni&a "1) 

.(*i^»ni njriB 
tt^' .(t ,1 na»«) ia7§ :iay^ nnx »*»a j?Bnoa '^a .019 ^ly .64a 

.(93 ,a IBO ,niwt ,o»a »j?»bh ^y mr ,^''nn) 'p^fln 
pV'OiniD' »») 'a'aflx lasa losj'* :0'i1n nxin ik 'au'ai 

.(D'nr n'lnv^ 
onjjB nni^ya e^awa nnaX/ : «]Oin .('"B) o'tk ne^y (a) ,d'''71j.;i .64b 
,nn^a 1?? ^^nn) *mnT anVa f\v;i »33y hk (O'l^fl oij?aa bpu^an ottri? -ja) 

.(27 ,a noo ,miai 
mm oba ntp« tb nisVa mu>»»»a 'aiaao 'i'n> : (?) Vsb «ioin .oar 
9a8 Mi^ npia poana« .(ij?pn ,ptt^tt^ ^'Vwa |a) n'xa inx laiiK o'a^ 
D1HHB naV 'n»va fJtt^pi .(pp ]a"»o^ r»in) laii^ nnpV u^' 'ViK?^ mya 
.ainaa id u^iTsa sa ^an^ «Vni ti»'ia lonn ppn hn Taan ]bo» 
in iVpan» ma naav tn^apn^ na^a :«ioin.|^a78 iiy .7o« 
mnana /aiin-onB. nna ,ap '»o ,Tan JiViy ,nanK ^mraa "i) ^paix 

.u^*ntt^ 'onKi ns* pB^Vn 'b Vy (nnBoV 
yp*) matK lyp'ja »nai»na iTiy^ inaiz^ oipa// : »]oin .n»« py .7ia 

.(41 ,a ,vr3arp'»V«»a ,no"ia ntt^Vtt^ ,ratt?i) * » J "J ^ 
'Tnm« Q'ma»aji ...^s'ltt^* nap *ai// :«ioin .maig ^ly .7ia 

.(o^nr Jinntt^^ pi!?*o ,n3Q' »a) 
.(otp) ro'Tiijij laiy o* nawa* :«]oin .i-iisr 9vs .75a 
.(Dty) ''in 'I? 2 B'9N tKi;. :«]0"in .v^jjo V'yon .75a 
,n^iii nirnaa ,[0'i2^npa miinv o'l&iaV n^wya 'pn] h 'w .75b 

. .•» t « n ^ : "lawn 
, 'K^ nsi' ,mna8) *noVy« o'aan *n»ja* :»]oin .inij .« ^ly .75b 

.(maio 
'oa KaiM 'aay '»b - 'lojia pn nai pK// n^n : «ioin .natiK ^ly .76b 

/»3nBa«»?. '»"'»'? pns** nns 
.nisa :Vx pVKn mna] tnoa^a 13 'w .79a 
]in nipyn nya* : *]oin .(oip^M ]a nisan 'n) agiia ,agi< ?»^ .80b 
,"»^ira |a ,r33n) "n^gita 7^ 9yi iwn l?aoi pis a'wa ints^j^ 

.(lai ,poaia8 
*iiianK t^'y^^ ana na ^ayo ib'* :«)Oin .man« va :noa^ .8ib 
,Kin) m a n K n^in '?« »a i^ nan* ,(kb ^Kna^' nn-iat ,n-»s'j3 •»«")) 
,(75 ,a ,miat ,'3nn pia'* .^^nn) * n 1 a n k 'I'w* w^hi.. ,(ap ,du? 






"yiS'> 'rK |itb^ tiriKV iw^ ♦1^8^ J iD^ |*lbin ^ici§ .i48b '? 

^fliatt^ nyi» oy ojij s jj nxa irx nytj? 'n aniK* t^in^n '.tijK .1491) 

.(520 ,p 'ar >f?»nn) 
D-iainD^ '"n ]'« .[» ^ a b (O'p! Q'Vnn ,''VnH) ^'H] : nua^a 6 nur .isob 

,UT\6 n'»bnnb omnn :^*xi 
IKr-T) "TaK» lyi »a'a i^k i ' ? i? 8> : «)Oin >d8Tis? lie .isib 

•n Mtj? ^j? ,nna ,5?*ani 
. n 1 1 n N - , D » 1 n ij : ^''s .[nl- ,ano8] .i54b 
ID 8 5// ^pn ^» nDT^v ^rsa nr ivnittr b^nnn nanan .nnK .issk 
.(n ,D a"a^) "lyian |a in^'j, s'aa k^ pi,iD89) = (n ,ay 'Kia) *nny ny 

>srDn IK ^1? 
.9ys ,nnN :ys.[?iyD ,ioit] .i55b 

'"")) nS'y^' ''11? ^3 TP ^"^^^ niKna* :«)Oin ,10^3 ,byD3^ .156a 

naiua nwsa b»m niaa!? n^na pasya n»jri 'aT// ,faa »nn n^jv .rtiK'aa 
.(iVnn ,'jioaiaK /'Vwa ]a ,TJi3n u^^n) f n i n k a n i via nanj^an 
B^' Dtt^n-nNinu^ ,nKi3 '^ .mn^fi? napa? ,rn 'atiinij ,'nhK' .leib 
|a Viaa n»n» niai ,'a— naron 'as? faj?a /n'j'jinij ,'';')^n^„ ipif 
n9'ai »5- naron 335 'ajr p»^K»a pw^a anpna nx")) e^nn r»35lnij 
/ .(nva^nn laa anKna 

,' 1 a » 1 a bn , a » a iJ^^ nnx : V»2ii!^ nma . [ n a u^ V nriH] .26 nu? . i62i 
,nat2?a nnjR. i oai ntt^iVu^^ ,d'a' "^vob nnK ,Qra nnK : pe^Sn »Bipa n»n» lai 

. .nanav D'as^ itfiV\&^ firiN 
f j? ]a »a ,'xoa. '?''s . [.,.3 tt^ ,«i'i ..,;n ita a-'Dnsn , imi nae»] .i66a 

.'iani,a nsipa p3 hsa naai .«i^»^ niDniJsa nxVni 
nani? ,'y^m .rVp) "natj^ ^a n ij ^ « k ,, : d i? » «)Din .ODij Tij? .lesa 
^Kntj?' mrat) "'if^ni nia'7 ^h .■i3m D''t)Kn i3nna* : a » o » n .(a^'nf? 

' .(S^'l 13 I)"}? 

(S.mjrn ,i70b 'ajra) nm lanan oaaK .«?'«==: »k .i «ioin .i72a 
qVik ,b^'« |a Ninttr ,(y ^aa ai'K) ^^pa-'K* ^y naixn ,a'ann tj^its hh 
'aa b^Jta) •»« Kisaa 'aab iy«ia laa^ n^att^ia Nxaa it^^K piaa 'ij 
.(»ps»aa-)-p^Vs'a ,ia 'a ^la a^au^i »i»b^) "•»» 'awai latn ^u^aKa ORiJtaa 
iitt^'p Ksaa^K^ NV^a ^CD'Mty ay) '-V ^»8, :«10in .-ii'^ ^iv ,i77b . 
'nn3Na 'nya*.. :'iav nttryx -j's ,maK i'» :nii5a biviu ajr k^n nta 
,(tt?*nm 'a^ nanp ,i3an!? 'utin ,pnria pj'ntt'. "i) "T^s^ layi? y^ 

.(Dt^a ,03|)iii ,t!?P) "fl'a noa-jsV i'N„ 
lyji k"?! nl^al' naa i9»^„ iV'sa a9i ,fsp-,!?!;i« :ioin .9»ii[ ,i8ib 
niVan naa nav yv^cns^sa na'H ,a*nV nan^ ^l^aKK ,')'»?p) '''ijlp-npB 

.'I'li^t^a iv»an H^v 
-»aV'8 na»ia nia*aon p pn .[ni3V'K ,a » j ? » » ra ,]?'8] a^^ 
nmfli, :«j''Diny ly^i ,'D»aV'»K* I'lssn mix^ naan |iia ]'K^aka"'3^'K ,pib 
m'l* nVviH'^ViTti p^nnKv /(»' /Ka 'yw' ^yaNi) ''d'3V'n "jiwHrn 



:<-:; 



piiiaR Dfinas 108 



'tt^j? nanap t h 'ai^tt^ n^ iKtt^a i!? p^aasrv '(18 /a niiat ^y'lTi .n'ax i^ 

ma laa 'Va nmi* :D'3D^D==tK3 ,-a tjyv.(aii '»'P Q'^nn) "^^aya 'n^aK tk 

.(183 ,T miat >iTi) "t»3 dvn 

*nnat» '•ntKm* ]wbn p) n n a itr 1 1 1 « : qoin n n « ^*)y^ .125a 

.(518 ,» nSiat ma^/'l^ ,9"nn) '"»i?tj? o^tj^ nnau? ilT«i* ^a-* ,"? D*^nn 

/ :T»oihV. tt;v.(iDi? oV^nnau^ maan 'a p isatn) '|i§ Tiy> .i25b 

'vn'KT |«aa ,aa« .(*dVi» in^xuvD) "Ripa laur ^^a » fs ^a isena nwya nyV/. 

i| h^^^^^ Vi?Wa ansa iV'su^ .n^n^^ ^pvaa Vipu^ nt vi&t:? 

^^i'V/'a-TK* «iioa Qrpi >i^a ik« kVi "iVa nK'/ naxa na^ ,iin'pa 

.riiy wn ' j Vpara'? jp-'Boati; na-«'Ki?K «V '^'aiK/y :(i ,n7 a-'Snn) Ripaai ,''Hn'K 

^(ba ,T iKin raa*i) "ikb^t vt« onn 'a' vea leiy D''Vbbn 'j?»i?a ^y iV// 

!t5i&Bn ynn) "nnan «?"»» «ii?a"i Kaa mn K?aa^,.Tn na *i*nn i^v 

^riisTian r!?y Nxa* kV >tk u^'k »aa psia ti^iT wk niyai/ ,(138 ,:i nmar 

'^'•Ti) "la-'ftyatt^ •» t ^ ^ caina ?''nlK^ : 'i»ja ra oyi .(24o our ,Kin nu^n n^) 

/ -' .(219 ,t niiat ,inTa naa 

iiT'O) "mnnn m^« >n /nVti? t 'aya nxin// :«ioin ,f?tK .126b 

,(3iV»: ,ryoi 
IJiit. nptt^Viay nK* :y'a\j;n-,|ii![ .n :«10in pK 'aiyV .i32b 

.(«xwaa/inaVnatt^> nirat ,p'!?y !?K v]na) 'D'a?yaa 
'i»anaa lUK my ntsiiy : tnpan la nann «ioin .iitk Viyo .i34a 
, /-ranaa niT^ *^iy iitHVT2^»«raapa.nytt^Vyax'ij?antj?»K« :pT .(n ,s a^a) 
>R Dvy ISP ,11m i^a) *miaa iuk i^a// .,(ttr»ia^ K'aan IitVh pars) 

.(man>a ,rV») 'ty n n 1 T K n lynra nBaXi. ,(i»'n'i'7 

nsT .siinaa m iVa) ny •^tNn^.^^ai, : loin ."ryann ,n t s .« .i34a 
Kirtiy laa nxiap i^na njg];in iij?»an iKtt^a ersatj? p'aya .(W'm'r 'k bi»!? 
:p»^k"'a )xs nann nNii.ysaNa Kin ]Hai ,B^Da sin Kipaaw "ayK ,Hipaa 
^xf^^V P'^«'^ P^^3 anpna nBoa "yi jtan^iBS Tc^a) "^sbi^^i y^Vl" 

.(157 'ay 
.(»yn ,poanaN ''^tt^a-ia) "o-'i?*! tin an* :«loin .ijtjt .a .i34b . 

.nip»r :Kipaa 

a^nK Ji'V') "nn^n? na "siS P^s^$ p^s?,, :«ioln .9y3nn ,idk .l42a 

.(tTtJ? 

,(niaio'7 'ap9'o,iy^a npK 'D) 'nijtj; laiB? nioa„ : Vs?n :»)Din .du? 

.(ttr^ni nnntt^ ,nnyia nvm) *»» apy n-ja 9^3^ 1^13 toS^" 
,pn» »Vk) 'a»aKni d ' ' in s ^*? Q''tt^nB.y : «ioin .■» in k >iyB ,nnK .i43a 

^x« Ksaa !?aK ,Knpaa «saa k^ ,vrilnij .[rnlnij] : nms ^1y .i46b 
nmar ,p9 9n35') n ' p 1 n tj |n^ naK Kip Kim ]n»nK miKnp maannv/ : y nn 

.(30 ,31 



Ill '» WW /min»*ia iiV»aV wuoii h^'iitn 



,vVj?) *fl»ai» ifaiaK onv*^ pxn^, :noin .n^^ax ,|^a9 .|9ij'.282a - 

,T^i?) 'fi'a ijn» na iHKi nnx ^aV ]ia^^ :^j?b «]0)n .^^ .282a 

,TDB ")3 ama) "na^:^ Tijr va»an* :«]Din .|ej}3 .^vd3 .ob^ .282« 

.(787 ii'a nn'o ,nawii xiaw^ nxr .nnt^K 
niK^nn oiav »iHi* : noin ,[ia a'j'aKatt^ — rl^i^f? .|9^] ,q» ,284fa 
.(biajr Tiy '"a N»an ,%bp D"n mis nsio ann) nDio» 's ]ai«' n^ 
'is* D i a s a naK? n99nna, : a } a s a ,-a ayi :»]0\n ,bj;?9 ,286a 

.(181 ,n miat «n»t »a ^»n»i) *nn3j? w'^j h^ aiaa 'jjIk 
K^K faiK li'K itt^Ki ^y npV BTK* :^pa naan «i6in ,f ^^ .287a 
-p'^N'a ,*panK ,ratt^i) *'»x>iyi »2aiK^// .(tb ^n■l^yna /nBoy^u'v 

.(93 ,a ^'ps'aai 
jrw »a ^asu^V n«sM naVyn na^tfa^. :«)0W .fas = n^if .289a 

.(9 ,1 miat ,nia>v na' nawa >'iri) *ny)p9^ 
tDj) nan'vyo' tjd Vy c^????. »aB>aB^ni] .b'jjnv ,tr^a«j .tt^as injr .30ia. 
>nn^D^iH .795 ,15 in^oa o> Kxai B^as> iip'jn .[(nisioi a-nr n'a] naw ,pw^ 
n^ia myian iPiVv ipi^ttr Vpva ^sr ^ip» Rini ^»nn^ i"i& avan .mya 
*Ti?aV i»nxw' nuiai ,yaiKi tr^iVi? sin 'a^a^?. ^i s^aij^g^, Vas .njioa pi 
,t neo ,miaT nnaia pi ,ia S'aaiy '"aa sinw laa ,b'5j is V'yona B^??ij2 

.Vj?B3V naan n I'K a'si .129 
tt^'Kn nn^sa ma^ miaan |»k^ : nji^aij *ioin .mnas - '^ijij .304b 

.(b 'ajr ,xsn .,i»paan) • iT n as n 
,ani na!? t\r\b^ ,ratt^n) ']»Hai 'ity sa' sa |sa// : »]Din .|s ,306a 

.(34 ,2 ,'?px''Mn-p»^s'a 
'9fl) 13^ am niai n3V» la'avoaiBxaa nwp^if\o}n .n|»j n^jr .sosb ^ 

.(n /la .v*aai |sin) 'M8'?Bi (lanji 
nin»Vo .na nnaa t*<) 'o * D ^ a s paVya nBXi» : «ioin .nw^ ']')5r .3ioa 

.('« arV 
"Oi? ';?i73g3 "Tina^ipa* aniaa*att^i b^ik .faina w»K^j? n3§] .3i2a 
.>j?a nipan - (65 ,h ibo ^ ina .'ps'jai^'^K'a ,raw') ,nVina aVistt^) 
. a ' « ' a «? a ^ : f?*^s ,iQ»«3tt^a^] ; naa^a 4 *w .3i7a 

('3ai'n)'?jo niinijsa^ ;*ib>»--^3S :9snB tjoin .-ijas Tiy nns .3i8a 
iB^iTBa nais n'inn .(nijnavi 's dv!? tto .naa fis) '(^jaa'S) ^^^^ n*mr\ 
8^18 .•^3Ka p?Jjtt^ punan B'ba* :(aKa»a D'Va) Knaoinasxaa laaw 

.onyx sin TS'Sa BB'JtV WITD aw 

"isp^ vniittr vVy nBasv nayT^, :.,.V5r «]3S J«]oin .-? «]3$ .322a 

.(i'ls iiin'Va ,nnin) 
,^»nn) *B»»3S3 B»B>ai B'tt^as* mv qoin sh^oi iB'js Tiy^ .324a 
,'8^83 i\)vv ,sin) *B'»aK3n B»Jisn« ,(7 ,s miat ,niiya 'ji'Jiin 

♦(529 »» Bty 



J»a^ia« dhlas " 110 



.(158 , plan ,^Nia»V) n»anpa laoatriKi I'i^'K ]'a 
Dtt?9 1f>?;iJ wni>r :ni?^-,n9^« :«]Oin .nij^'S 'pa ,D*»j ^•1V, .186b 
^D^e nV'sn) "insd nyonair^s 'TJ^^/^ ,(niaioT '« ]Dm,T»SK) 'n^nnVi 

»Vn ,raan) 'O'Vina «)ia 'Nn*b Tij'Kjau :noin .Q»a'« ,d'8 .i86b 
a'jroi) "nis?'a'N9]//m nooinai .(17 'oy ,» ,pian /]s1't .wj?n 

.(DBp xyoi iiTo ,nnm« 
,D'Vf^*'s .[O'X'S 7»xa] :i2 'w ,i;^ Tiy iioa ,i95b 
ipi |»y b nai* : nlaitt^'j? oa j «]Oin ,[d»31«^»k vo ,|itt"ist] .200b 

.(40 ^ niittT ,n«Ta *^y ,'?*nn) /' n u ■> «?» « V^"'"* 

.(nV'Va ni'a ,r^') (camera obscura) "pB^'Nn mn* :«]Oin .201a 

maK) "D'liB^'sa D'lao ^wai dna^ ia8 o^Ainiy :«ioin ,nv 

.(620 ,^Ki»» nTiay iito ,iiara tn 
*inN ,«iso) *nnD «]iy i)!?a3a Vai« n»n* :«]oin .a 9d^ :9 "ibt .2iib 

.(ayp ,nia 
,na arn "ey) '^s^ nais? m^ai ^«a 'pix iaN»* :«)Oin .^» .220b 

.(582 .0 niiat .b'lT'i ,na 
.KVai i^'j: ,[8»^a') .tDa*?8a ^«a»] .oaVs .227a 
nirp iai o'Jiy am ,nnna hbn nayj wnan* :«ioin .njs .a .229 

.(25 'ay «8 ]aian ,]Kin ,ttryn »^n ,T3ian) • a ' ? 1 « 1 
.(nan' 'a vS'i' pi!?»0) *ininjK ann»an^ :nwjK arDa .nin^g .23^a 
'♦ainn i^f^ hV »a ,nD Va af 8«/:eioin .[o?^^ intt^i;-»*s ,a?8] .246b 
.{a*fl!? mrp .inon ,i*Vp) 'iha vw»»in b?k9. '(a'n^ nanp,va«« '*i'^P) 
b:( »^y lyiit bim "^irimv na'xi^ : »?p *]oin .^yiaa .^ ^ k .3 .257b 
.ji'-avain ^K naur ,»ro ,n»iin'? Hxaan yX'ni) 'n^a aai «i^8i vP^ni 

.(lain 'ay 
riK 'DSJjpi a'hnnK 'nnan an a, M?9-a8<:*ioi?i .a»j ^ly^ .263 
p in nsitt' |ra* ^a .nm naia /man) "I'aia m iiw »n'»n naa a^sipn 
rani n'apn ^aK laijri ra 'niK B'V'Ba vn »«anj^ i»a »n!?Ba b« ibk 
mata ,Btt^) "HNS' »«>fia inax Tiy amb^ qk« .(t* iiata ,-)aia ,B''mtt>) 'B*ai 
«ia BK ,oip'Bmn nii^ya ai'iaiyai b»b lan imn Kia b n* ,(n pioB ,1 
BiK [ni nn] bt rxm B»a vxn ,yi5«a mzrya B'a laiyai bt lan iniK 

.(n y^itn naia /man) 'aVv 
'at.nVy «Si,VMn)*Bn»a8pB nara|annn ia//:«]oin .tbr .278b 
^ "" .(70 .a 



'is»3 «in '^n^^'S/' «V|« ,n$« jiwV i»o ]'«» ,n«ij ]»»ayn »6b d^Ir .n"i1n ipi'fi is] .1 

nniD Dfia ft*a Vsw >Q»»isa Q»a^» d»di'6 «isi ,n»a*i iniasi ,» ,1 »»fi»a airan b'j? ^81»»^ 

f\'iv'f nans ;neBn "inR 'a naw> ' mma) Vki»» n»t n"apn naSu ia» Mi'as "^a^'^k- nana 



■ 113 '» ft"i8 .minria t"iV»toV mbom niij».i . ' ' !:- ' 

I ■ ' "" " ■ ■■■11^^. I II .-..ii I.I. ■■■■— r. I. -«■■ — . I ■.- Ill I I i.i^^._.« ..^ i . I H I. ' . M .— ■■ ^ ■■■■ i ' ■— J 

.|lBDn :^''3J .(pBSDJ :ntt»^» 13 'W. 356a ' -^ 

.127 :V*s .[hs]:*!^ anw :ntja^» 12 /w ,Dr 
onsiD D'^pmn* :«ioin .[...ntt^vi wii «y!?j?na3inn — pD«nn] (a .358a 
»*3a Kautt) nai oniKn niKba^ VnpBKnni 'lai ntn noon p»n3?n^ »3 

.(3211 'oy ,j?*i\ya injr 

.(D'Cll^ n'3K laa) D Vj? 9 § ; 9*X ,[13^j?BN Va] pSK ,358b 

«intt^ ijaa , n n.a k v tVx .[n n a ni «««?»] .ii'^eK insr iio .36ib 
DB' inan yK^j? "itv'Vn "ibt ,ns3a»»>]naV ,|v^jr ^h ^1')a ,nai&V nn'ata 

>^aa HHhaa 

"Mb 'WDK 'K* 5 'W pi .*!?DStt^ "I V ?ttrD« 'HBT// nWB'Xn .4 'W ,362b . 

.■[liti ]'K : ono k^n ,*ia*Tan iwnm»»wa kV *»wbk »k* :y'Ba ina fiij?aip 
.(IS' ivK nana) /'O'-'prin^ *) w b« -i k* :«]Oih .iwbk '« ,363b 
. .(mh) D'ipaav •V'x .[mpaai ,..'»j?a »3K] : 12 nw .364a . 
*min awn i^s«V DnUi* :i9?*t? la'ar :«]oin .^s^ Tij; .369b 

.(an»V nxiv,n3n» »a) 
,ij?*ip3 o'pntt^ >n»i) •B'V'SK nnV' "Tin n ^is«* :«ioin .^isk .37ia 

: .(108 ,a niiat 
,]nna tt^av ^ratbi) mjri K^r b x k f i^nna* : *jpin .^S83 ^yfir .37ia 

»iia lytt;*^ «IK»n /^sx 'STHa Tjrai Vs ma p'n'in* t ejoin .^sw .37ia 

■ ;(io5 ,n miat ,ninnva tok >.t*i) '^^ «iKttf' naya /9 3JK» 'aera 
,1"^') 'laaij? in ^v 1 » ^k nK |'a ^«av : «)Oin .d'?^79 .375b 

.(in nian^a 
in'O) ^nia m laaiH// ra aiK :«ioin .p'lyB] an« .376b 

.(bbtt^ ,j»VOi 
riKia .[D-inas ,d»att?5? op^i \»Vn] .n'lKK 'nn« '"b n^K .381 
Npn i«^ .nnx oipa^ pp ,«id8 ]aiaa niK Vj^iBa wanvn omwanw 

.(n ran nViy ,rnK'a3 »n) ^1 1 1 K 'iT »j«x* r 'IB 
y*aai) TBlVniK' I'Byiva niiD naKiiis Va^i] :i8'iw .381a 
»TK iV m K ' * iitt^^na^ ,(ip 'am /maT^Ji//a) 'rinain laa ,[('« lyw ,v»t»in 
DDTH1- :(Ta 'K '*?T2^a) awan ]w^a *r« 1^ n^i »? > J ^''xi via«w Kin 

."iiHK* B?'jiB>a Kin IT nnaia Dipai ."n^^i nsioa 
.|"3yn p nKiaa , 1 y 9? V's .[lyoj wiaK] :22 'iv' .38ia 
K'att^) "n n p V a om^K inKi.» : a • 1 1 : V^x .[rv] tntj ^i^ik .382b 
mis^i .(i»«^itt^a p'l'i) - (K* ,n a^ii) ^'i piK on'^K nKan?K,v.(»M 
^ ^5?Ba D'^yBa D^Vyba) ^n"? ilijj 'aV nKi m tt?paa* :«ioin nBaa t^ii$ 

.(125 ,a miar ,naa *iwK /^nn 
B'tt^ttr ,i»t^a ^D a'aia yta* :nnnK ^aK — n^K .a :«]oin .n:)^ ,385b 
psa ii'^'a i^DK nms^B h'b j^'i ,(»?d ,b'^k Mpn) *Twaa iniK nnKi 

,|an on^ itu^ T»»Ka rw iy ansaa bukx Di»a 
ia I'Ka) "B'ayDa ma^ n ' i k n V D'lai tn* : my «ioin .d>ik?i .386a 

.(niaio^ a'lvpa iiau^^ *isi» ,Btt>n nK ,pnx» 



• '•■■■■ , • ' . * 

*'n) «''yaii »nnH d'liOKa msu :«]oirt .d»31o^ ra .|1o^^ .324b 
.Kin ,nsibD 'ay/DNiOK 3*131 Tica orayn* ,(tD ran n^iy ,m«'jia 

.(423i»iin n^iv 
Qi» ^y niDai nab n»ttri lu^y pfg^ :«ioin .[nn»a (1 ,ns»p{j] .326a 
Qn'jB^ '^jr isj?i3* ,(3 ,« vs''"">7'^**'3 ,»mKna »flS'!?a ,rawi). *nB'OKn 
.(97 A niiot ,niiV »^ na ,^'iT1) ''♦no* on ny aij?^ 
.B'9ij^ ,va tvpin!? u^'i .Tma AHK najin N'aa '^a .ci^k .328a 

.(om .nDwpK .vVj?) "o'a »» i^tj isn a'aa^ 'naw// !»?3B|; 

'Dtj^ my ViT k'?i* :Knj?an p.»Ji?iyB^ naan men .«io^ Tiy .329b ■ 

nyaw a'pioK^ ts D'ODinoa^ ni^Tr?. twi'sai .(ua ii^tn'') *pNa ajn 

.(Dtya ,'iya j?'B« ,t'?P) *D*Boin D'an ^1031 D'soiK D»ai 

"ansa ib p n D'»aaiaii» : K^pan la nonn o^vn .^i?a «i08 Tiy .330a 

Va «ib^ •j|»'7// :»]oini ,i»!?y a^n!? *jvbkw 'wa m ]'k .(id ,n »' ,a ^nr) 

i(iB ^nna ,y'aa*i ]Km) '''jniaa iik aja? onaj oina 'aaia ^a 

msyaiab«) 'loijij i'9« natya did^ : 9»sn «ioin .»)e« pjr .330b 

.(a*r^ nnnv ntj^np 
nnyna ot&i .[onV ^ann t^^ nyja : q'^b nyanraa d»sKij .i« ,339a 
aohn yr ini' 'a .iinisn «i»oini .ran p stjin ya»aa nt ^bn di a^'] :(2 
/rjK nsT* lana Vnai vjb^i p''?R'att^ pT nVw ]»»s^ ^v'^^ .a*'y .[D'iBn^^aa 
«]K nyja ffi'3»]i» :ania oia?:!"?? •'ara n^wi miayn nno Vya dji «■?« 

.(a^i'V noia ,na f^as) 'ipij «]ii»^ 
,'»iia»») *in nao iaaij?a ran tk3 laissn/, :«ioin .ns^^iy 340a 
nyia nj?,K»a) t'Jtbs? nt i»niaiyaa nn!j^Ki'ni^yaa«,(niai6n 'k^ 'aiij? 

.(niaiDT 'a^ pi^'o 
'•iiajia. D'Bsnafi Va^ bnV nan«?3u? naVa/ : >]oin .n^sp? .34ia 

.(Dp im^S^na .••160) 

*KDn iniK' H^K Dnn^a |'» D R 1 ^ ' B »// .: «)Oin iOS I^^BK 19'W .346a 

.(1 .Dti'nw) 
itt^Hv •»Vn8)>DniS» ra !?g^ nsaVnaV^ :«]oi.r .^§^ ,93;^ .351a 
,DB>n nN) "r»^f ^;p TKni mpn imsia n»'?tt^iV// ,(a«'n'?. nia»j? ,T^p ,na«n 

.(794 ^Hitt?' miay niTo ,niaio^ an* ]»a naty^ 121^ 
.^nnia:; pR) :yjr .[(HOb ihr niaa pR)] : 19 'w .|SR lis? .353a 

.(ttpB Vtt^ innRb p^o 
nna .ration) ^iriii r^ i^ai nRin insp dbr* :«]Din .12 'ib^ .3535 
,in3rp> OBR iiTsb ^ipan riRnaa im .(64 ,a .Ai?s^3avp'?R'»a ,niaVa 
.(nVyaV 354b **a "y) Rnpaa iDiu'Ba r^u^ ,ini''a |Dp pVn ,nyta Dya piaa 
ifio ;niiaT nRXin >.Ti) *'aaitt>n d'obh 'mai* :«ioin ,14 'w .353b - 

' ' .(573 ,»■ 

ia lata R^a itj^R nan nts>a raan Dtt> riRi/. :«]pin .15 'ny .353b 

,(9 'ay vx niiai :ia nnn >^''r\'»'^) " a » b'R 
Viy^ ^'^tt^a/, :(49 'ay t» ii3i«^!?a "niBoin "i)'VyBniy «]oin .obr .354b 
.(jioaiaR 'ina ,nnn »!?B^a p n'aan) "inw' b r n a ^np »!?y ^naiaa Ra» "jipr 



^m onaa. 

'uinrn pnp7 luui niami nnun 

nir^N Vy ,nav t(}i'i')]i:i onanan ikis' srVsi ,inip'a'naKa m ]»« 
♦laoa ntt?K mann'n p .^»^a 'abjrnna na^a a^ip'^ n^K nnyna njaK 
^ay la Djr'pTZ^na .iniaisji inna^n ci'»oi3a nmai n"n ntJ^iVur it^s ,ibo 
p - nirnan baa^aiumu^irnn p la nainiz' .vVjr nprn ,nVio' k^ 
anpa mpav ,pflo ]'«'.n»»pinn ina"*)}?- isa |ni nainn nrna isa 
aiirrn *ibo ^jr fi»naia D'pTp'rai o-'oiaa onpaa n«a am"? mii?»a-'»nBKa 
Oman naiuynnnx 'meim nnsrn* rynb n^« nny 'nxa k^ 'jki ,m 
DH niK» natt^» .HRTinVi iw-jV^ "'iz^ia^tj^n najrn pnjpna// njranw* ivK 

i.n^N "nutt^n Vy rynb nwairnn nson »iana»? ]m»n 
"Dit ni'sv 'T-^y isnn nan Kin iis'yn^ /a ,2 
TiKn-Qir isyitPD* :'« naVa^n, pi .^nan-b^na iMsn 
,yatt?*» kV lana TiiKn-D")T nxya ^N^r>D .ms'sr ^apna rail a 
Tn TiiKn-d*iT 1!? piBva :i")ya ,nn"n onanan niiis >nan aia^ 'Pias. 

.iirjr ^apna ,nsn-^^na isjraB^ in«^ 
n'lTBn nynn »t-^s; *i»nn nan K'n njnnnn// /a ,2 
^r K»n n'ttren nyiin ns'tr?! Dx .'nen-^Vn tit Tisn-oit ^t? 
nxwn nan K»n nyunn : peo-K^V ,nn"n nanan .nDn-'?^n "jm viiKn'anT 
"misw ,nDn-VVni ^ipn-nira ^m TiiNn-Qii ^tj? n'tz^sn nyian n»*^v 

.wmn Vip^ nasna nen 
,Ksa ,n'tt^Kia ,n3«ip ,''K3D(« tns'npn-niaN// /n ,4 
onann^ an^ aiyna inaipaa "sae* naann pi ."Kiip .laHn 
^an ,inoa-na K»n nsnp-oK Va .nnoa-na// au^iaa "ns'ip-dNi/ at^ian 
IK nKnp-nia"'K D'tt^ati^a annoan o'nan 'a ,nKnp-DK Kin inoa-na ^a k^ 
rtiannKn niKaann uranau^ 'k niKni — d'ana I'niy a'aMa a'naa nn(y 
naoa iKain k^ nKia-nai inoa-na a»aibian .'att^n aio!? ,|aiaa'.na'».» 

3ani ,bb^ 
ninoan-^ia'aa ip'ya nKa npBia k%i* /a ,7 
^v niaiar nnisai (nniK laii^ — mau^ ,pnBo ,naa 
Kin '*^pb nr ^^a . " n a n a , a a n , n a a , a a a ., n a a a ' ly 1 1 ty n 
pni 7K K*a ,pno innoan-"ia*aa nKa na'K npflia K*n (K : nonai lira 
a-jw ,nnD7T» naaa np^^ >n)3»K laaa nj'K) d^a5?»ian ninwn-»'»ia'»aa 



[.ibK mijrn ]is"ia Donun ns'^jranj .1 






,Kin 'a srin K^i «^'k nnj?^ Na &t<« :n"DN3 ,VyD3 :«]Oin .3865 
,Ta3n) ^aw OKI iTn» |aK3 ti« i^ neo* »» nrna di» aat n»n iniKna 

.(19 'ay ,]ioMaK nna ,no .■»^wa p 
D'n» iipj^D'itt^u :b"nmVa on o'*"]?* Nipaa .d'^'j^ >*iij .387b 
attrni att^pn n^ : D«ya»^ as tt^anTz^a mitj^an d!?ik » (d ,» s'b) "as? d'naijr 
,(109 /T iDO .nmat 'Sin >nn) "d^'is 'aij^ I'a)? |u?|a Q'»»inin o'Bim 
ann aiai nn'ipya nia»n« tt^»« 'a' TSpV/ :«]Oin .manx .39ia 

.(25 'ay ,|iDaiaK 'ina .n^o ,'^ipa ]a ,T3i3n) •D'a-'yaa t»tt^i wb3^ 
•n^sn pyaiayBi] n»Ta Dyei niitn ]»3ya oyei] :^'X .14 'v& .393a 
intt^y ittra-' ii2?« «sani pn nsoa n»an nan// :»iDin .pijj ^fj-ns .394b 
a^a ,T3i3n) "onann ^y ^a12? ^ijut»i a^Vna |»a laitj^V ^ik'I .onywa 

.(i03 'ay |ioaia» ,y'i2^ 
D'Kax nis'tt^ na o'a^a n^t^an// :»ioin .n'a}n« i^'a fiz; .aj^^s .398 

.(aa ,' natt? ^D^aan) 'D ■• a 3 *) H 1 
*B''3030i nl9^u^K nD' nas3 lana n^n/. :«ioin ,nif?&B^K .4i7b 

.(411 .D nniat .^nn) 
/'p»r3avp»^K»a ,rawn) *'9&tt?« laa a^iy n^iri// : «)Oin .i8'iBr .aty 

.(5 "»» ,49 'ay /« 1D0 ,'Ji pa 

^If^arrrTlB^iJ >iyD ptJ?^ tt^Wtl? ]"S^ tt?» .[31103 ^H ^p] Itt^K .429 

''innivK n^tt^aai ni oy »Vy ii ayV nV^a 'nn ^»« inatjv lO'ipa 

.(4 ]anan .T3jn ,tS? niV«) 
]KX 'nabttT// to'^ioa pa tt^^n :«]Oin .[tj?^tt^»n V'ysn] a^tt^K ,435b 

,npa anpnb »«a einw^ ^*"i ,(nsp nnnis ,ryoi) "b' » n ? npai 
oia mana r^x .[naien a mana «'n nsnun n3ian] :8'itt^ .447b 

.A naien 



< .., r '■ • '-T^^ '•''•:^ijf'%: 



-i.'v ,i^ 



117 »Trt pnpn iBb?* trnni miyn 

nnys .onanan laiisna ox nm^i ,('t ,i3) •D'pisi 073 ti'Hw 'av ]»r* 

.an'si 5i«*)a .D'a-nla^tt?o ,'?ijttf^ 

♦*:iipan (a ,..:ms (a ...taVaatn (k :^s?ifln-»pii^ .32 
,^snDn-''an*T ]n^ a^Hiipi ^snan-nms nK |Ka o'aia ananan 
."•airan-pi ,^ivsn-'in .-nyn-im ,iii?an-Tn ^sriTD ,Dn ^yiDn-'aril VaK 
'a .Tiy^n-Tn^ 'N lai^^ni vD'ann^ npi^nV ananan lanana oaanV ,^an« 
,*'Q'3ain .8^ ainattra '"Tiv'n"!'^'^' r^' '» ^a» ,iii?an-im^ 'a ,'»'i'i»sn-i'nV 
-»a*n ^ty ntt^non ^D.?^!?b |Na naaa s^tjr ^is?B-»3i3'an ^'ntP' tii irn^v 
n«ni— nnw naiava naxais VviDnrottri nipan B^ia'u? ,vnni5: ,^yii3n 

'innn riK ^apb paaV ananan iki .* . . . m n . .. : a » a a t n * /»< ,32 
aifioa dVsra '!?sns-'»aia'>a* naiani /nin-pTi* as; *?yiB-»aia'an !?» nyaian 
•|aiBn»att^ nnv ,*niaBr pjrtt^n./ - "laiit^ nV'n^ p^iann i»Ta* T«i >Va 
ni.i/ ^''jraitt? n^.T.. ,'Kai «5ti' n'n^ niaanan nmsn na^Rian 7K1 ?niin 
piB^att^ nnay^ niVanon ^Vaa ]ittrVn nvu^nna ins oia^ip-'naa ?*niia 

jaaw^^Tj? n'nia'irin nna*! 'sVd ninnK noim 

-:9S;s nip an- nils Nian 'a /V /a /a nrniK ay* /a ,32 

hy* p nai ra^Vaa ni'ni« ay pi .'a6te'.n',ai3r^ ,a&f9 ;»|jtt/a 

»n^a!?* ?*'T'nK «is aw iy/y ?*naVansn nvn ai» kV// tmpT nyi ii&f 

?*pttran fiK B'pn ara^ ?*8iai hks hn h^^* p'^niisa^a nK nwy 

-N^ba ptn B^ai sa pVi ,^yaan 'a naatj^a vnya,/ /a ,40 
/n^aaa naatrra 'a ^5nBn-K''B* :'« ,74 pi .*Bri|^ ...^yiBrt 
^yiBn-i^'sr nxa naipaa »n3-«ittra HiaV nans nii»nB^p 
bt2^ 'iisa aa 'a ^yiBn-H-s man f?srB8 bpa^aa .^&k ...waia 
-na nlinir^na niN ny^an |»a ^lan a-iyaip ananan ]'k /ye :^p-|»aa 
.(ya) nan ih niN tity niiaa naaiz^n I'aV (^bk ,an^K) innNu^ iiry^ nuia. 
XflWanan ^ir anyi^) n'aa^ ms naaB^a »a ,mHa pm-B^aT«a an ,niyi 
ana aau? ,att^' ,ks' ,iV' ,yT a»byBn ^b^ ^p rnya prn-mT Kia* k^ yna 
.nh'aa la^a nnana^ ins!? ?('« ,77) "Tnya '* >yiBn-«*B ii»att?3* 
nsv K^n ,m8 naatyai ^»Kin /pm-t^ai Ka %^ ,Bn?«:|»ya iinisa »a 
nayn ^^'i^1r\ ^naa naa «V ? iji|t ]'ya nnisa ea ptn-wai B»tt^*? TaVnn 
byiBn-i«"y!? nnnurntt^ ins^ VyiBn-K*B y!?ain anaitt^K ,3*B-non a'^yB p 
aai&iji ana iw« ,''*B-»na a^^ys pa^ ,(nHi3-na psan pin-waia |aiBn») 
nayaia-»nVa niiao nian »a ,ra^nV Kin pia ye^ iip.-'an .^»Va ^yiDn-K*B 
niiay B'Niip aaaN ananan .km nnina man »a ,a«f8 *np»3n pia ]ai ,K»n 
B'!?'Vaai ana «"^B-niTa// '"fi-'na nira^ B'Kiip ^aK vpa3n nattra 3*B-nBn 
•]irby B'Bia* anijr .an^^y aiana ciai ar ,as») '"B-nBn a^Vypn hk na 

.(n ,77) 'a»B-'ion 
nmiKn nnn K»n a.nVtt^ Vyian-K^BU^ B'^yBai* /1 .49 
"tpan Kia» naipaai /nn Kipan-pur^a Dau^Ti 'n /» n 



f<l:p'>;-R^ivli?:K;fe;'5^-#*''^& . • ■■ ■. , '' • ■■•.■,■■ ^■■■■..' 

,,.', li^Kl DIMJS 116 

^ V • ; 13 ,nmns n*)ana nisp nj^ianb n»an nxf |'« .-"j'nn v* /a ,12 
J w^oai ^aj?n - nnsp njnarin nvn ^y rya c?i?'?^) itjnn a-inan ]'k 

|;:;^ ^^s'Tna d'K3 (no'nn) nivsni fapn* /t ,12 
i| \matt^ ,335r ,]pr ,131 :innnH in |n'^jr asTDnur nn3n3 

;: i&'nt ^^3 f^f '3 ,Hin Dias ^Vsn mca '73K »as?»n 'jfiVu^ mmrB nn3nt»i 

.ian5 ,SD^ 'TS3i n-^aijia ,')5n ppnpj? 

1 ;arK3n anpan nu^ana TnK3 yj sin st-wn/, .'343 

-, ^nKir-' :nj^y^u">t)i2 ribm nyMti nnK K3n hiv (Ji«. 

r\iy^r\ ^3 i3]»KTin3 in'VK "i ^a^ r^^3a nr V^3 .•'Uiz^-'" ,Bk'n^- vur 

- BK »(nt i3nfl03 12 'yo) nn3nV npi^nn ja tij?': 7ia^ya'03an ,inn-''33^ 

; ,'«»to3a 's"? ,yia ^s ,V3D!?tt^ nyiann iio'-^y siia^n- nina ns Tsn^ ir^V 

^ nVa3 niiu^Knn n'i3nn i^»ri ,K'n miao n?-?a h'?a3 n3W«*in nn3nn dk 

■ : pya nn '33^ B3 ms'j nur^in m ^bsa i3 a^* W« ?nmnD n??— a 

pp Kinpj?n i^'Hi ,nayDia"»f)^3 n^na nyian nnn yj Kin wwn :3in33 

n^aa ya Kin Kiitt^n ok ,nyi!? ns i(i /k ,18) nayBia-'n^3 miao nian3 

pi?nB^ ,ny'TV n3i ,^n37ap3 mjpiaa Ti'nur ,nyn^ naiSn ^y njtt^— ; 

:• 8Sia ij^vin: Kin Kiiu?nw ^nynV r'?y ,|tjp Kin na-an n^a3 jWKnn 

J; KW^vra^a dk .nixurn ^y 1*133; nn KVan3nan ^3k .ni a'aojp-Vayaa 

i iN'^ij ,3ffi'ri |a '3tyn ,3!j?j |a lay; ,3t?l' |a D'3ipl») nyian aipa3 K3n 

r ,^910) '19- ,B3- ,Y a'?ia''3n 'aab ik (3*i'31 fsm |a la^in ,K'3»ri |a 

^QM^'y^an maiP3w KiiTJrnj^^Ki ,ya*KnBr Kin q^sy ,a3a»iyj ,03'}'tt;' ,?ia& 

■ -na-KiWKin (nip»2^n> .n?j? ,352^391? ,lDi3i;ia ,11^71? ^^j'a ,n?P) 
.nii3n'? ni?i^n mo'-Vy "iii?'a laiaVan ,nn3nn-iip'a7in3 tt^anurn^ ia!?i3'i 
Kwn ntt^lB"? ,pia3 ,ni3^'tt? a^ia-i ,]57aty ,D3-}9tt?9 ,^^aliy ]»ya niiis 

/3 ,14 '03 K3ian ,«|nnan 
nfiia :^uo9 B'ayD? natit^a y ,0 '? '^^^ nnon* .2 /kj? 
♦9WriK ,'300 'O^stjrn ,3'3rjO /t>'19n-T?13 ;nau3 ,n5n|- 
-K'n By nttrp3 ,V^3"j'n3 ,BnaiV innK ptn-mii nns Bipa3 ^wb ku 
3na BS»ya 73'B^i ,(4 /k ,20) 1603 B'p»na b»!?V3 iK3in B3aKi) nyrn 
— nQ8,nos-n3^ :Bnn Q'''?'?3n ^v nts^nian nv^D*i3'aiKn *i3"i an'a^rn 
,n»3i3an-333-3.7a ik 3.-13 .min'-nng-^nij^ ,oyn-iD8 — ^nK^i'n^-'DK ,nijK 
B3tt^ >3n niyi B'opI - no9 .o'av?/ - |s?^ ik i^nzf 'n'i'3'i3»?i"'an3 - a'3g; 
ni0'»33 jiKT pm n3iya ^3K n33ioa na^nB anbiD 'u^ia'ar pnpriao 'i3na 
?Vi3D3 ip3!? »na ,t3''io iai!?n yr i^Ki 1*^130^ a'ays^ n3niya'/ bvf 
na'Knan nyi3nV isn" nns '3BVK3n Kiu^ni* .4 /3,i7 
,'«l»n* Bipa3 oiBrmyB K'n •nriB// n^an .*i3n3K3 :«]wnnnyi3n^ 
■^a ,y3^Kiw pi ?Myian^ ion" .ion '3qV K3n» kiiw nfK h»38 /napnV v*) 



119 ' win pinpi hBDl" Mbini niiyn 



-^y BBiTx naas Viptt^n niav >atty >» »lii«ji* /« ,io4 

- Vaa-'^ij; ,]rx ^ k o'awn — |vs-»3w naia nai .' n ' i n r^ ^ sr n ^ d n n 
n « laijrn - nalK-iaijr ,na»nD or^ |n^w - na»nD-|n^w ,^aaa o'^iyh 
Hin TBry nia'aoaH? «]ivsn pin TQ'!?tt^n»3 attorn -D»!?ipn'"att^i»,inaiK 
niD'an .]"3|?n-ivp niz^Ann axH niawn ]»a '^^a nu^p ^jr lan^ aoiav.niKa 
riiNia rV oaaKi ,DSv-Qtt^!? lum-dBr ]'att^ niD'ao!? o^a n^a W'k ]Kaattr 
Vv n"»am laoan-'^^a 'a ^dbt naw rVk ,('n ,155 'yo) naipaa nxt nwao 

.iKinn-niaw ^y oa D'Vn dsV'TOtt^ 
'tj^n.'n :K^i)Q*aain •?ttr a»i?ia?ini D'u^n'nni. /i 404 
^tj^ D»pia'wi D'B^ii'nn* paaonttr ,avin »r« .^cb^aann 'pia'ii 
»8^n'n* :mo'3n nH w ratn^ .m ,D''a5r iKin n^sia paao 'd^aain 

.*rpia'ai D'aain 
-»na :naVa laoaV an^ inosa navin p'o* /t *io4 
naw«nn naann pi . * 1 b b 1 k n - n n ' a Vn , n a ^ nan-Maijr .iBon 
:|wa ,nnK m'n' a»iinan ma'ao-'Bn'xV onanan lanana 'a vK^t naiaa 
-mra^n^i nanan-naisr^ itr«i .annnisn >iBO-'na - anr-niBn ,nDO-n»a 
pn"i ,QVijra niai mana 'a ,*nianan">iaiv* iai^ pn^vjan"" ,p>iRn 

.pRa a'asviK lar p 'a ,"D'aB^i«n"nn»a^n* naiV 
:Taio^ pn d»BnDxa lupn-'na^arny'Tn-R^ni^/n ,104 " 
bar ri'yaV '»ia»» pnpTiBoa -jai pRi . • m i a y n - n a ur Ta n t n - 1 b 
?/'t&Rnn-att^i»* au^ma ,nt ]"aya dnanan d'rana di^a t'WRin-au^i'n* 
»a'»i) ^ijrB-»3i3'an dipaa (i /n ,84) "biyBn-'aia'a* d'ania dn p-^y-'a 

.(nia'ao ^» «iirs |Ratjr ,^^a nwa 

."na'a!? 1R asy-dtt^^ 1»03 'ii'"^ ^ia» dxy-dV/,/R,io6 
piBa pia'a*) nt naia lara r^ ,t|irdw^ naiisn dR ?»»u*a« nt na 
rV lian-nia^ piBa aai ,'«iia-niaB>,r by "janur dipa ,{^\ ,i) niann-'»pVn 
na»a '*ii3in-dtt^^ piBn :niRa ntn»B na^oa nRii f\\irwj Rin 'la^au? naRa 
(jniwa aw Rin |Raa^ »"ia'an »a ,nRT i'r i iBoa ^^a la'Ri ananan a!?a 
:R»nR^T i|"apn-»'ia^a^ laoa asyn-dw Rsaai ,^iyBn'"'ia'aVi ]"apir»»ia»a^ 
.|ap»? iiy HRii .d"U''aa niaur Vur mis ntjrai^ iia-du?^ dsy-aa^ ]'»att^ mD»aon 
."d^na'an nrniRn mtya anxi' papn-'na'a ar^* 
d'!?naa ananani ^'Rin baR ,*d"ia'an nvniRn* an dn |"apn-"ia'a ,TyB^ 
dtra D"ia'aa niatj^n nR a'a^sa anananu^ ,i3n*na-^ya laRa .an»a*a 
,Dtt?Bian JiB^ian an 'papn-"ia»a* '^iri .piaa ,paa ni ]»ri ,*papn-'"i3'a* 
paao ?'ansv* nt na ,p aR-niirnian misn |n 'd^ia'sn nvniRn* i^'ri 

.'ip^ niD'ai daaiaa 
Tan d'Biasa na^ia a'laan d'na^an* /a ,106 
naann .*'danai-''3?1 ,Bna'T ,da*'7»a9n-.''7'abn :Tao3V 
,p'na i3»R i*?ia V^sn VaR n3n»a!?h aa iaR3 p 'a innVsia na»R naiB^Rin 
nai .'•nia^ ,»nn72 ,''ni?aty |'ya nnisa laoaV fi"i3'an ^a iBiax» p »a 
-pnyn 'V^a 'a ?D??i?a-(-^p.9) -^i^a ,9|j;a ir a^s^ ,^J9--I9 ,p px 



.*>, '".T 



iiKJ onitt 1J3 



'nitjav'n. |i^3VV / tj a e r, ,, « «» g . ,15^9 : ^ sn a n - k * d a p t n 

•npan ubV V'jrun-pjaa ^yio Kia» i«;n Br'. .2 /:i ,51 
ia»T- lai*? a'o^n :'?s?iijn-nKif) oipaa in» ^jnc t»ty 
nai ? *'VsnBn-iKin oipiaa// o-'K^aBra ^^^an-paaa o^bs^D pT»Di .'awn 
pjjrn ^a ? na^rn , nirjr!? -jyan -jos ^t9^. in /^s^a? Aiga nrna. p 
.^jnDn-iKtn) ]iaw laipaa iV»«i ,|Ka iaij?aa i3'«i ^'ysn-iwaa^ yaia irx 

.133»K1 nai&3 ('3i .163 'J^D 

:" HKa ...nava ^^^'^pu^n ejua ^snen-p'smnK/y /a ,53 • 
pi.'^Man«? :d-'?aa ^n'sa ^yfon biya pin Kin ...bMan 
'inK*?'pttrannxd'i?r; ora,, ? "oa"? n^ian |s?a^^ p nar?a»^aa «]iT2ra 

/a ,32 'yo^ ^nnsrn ^apni ? "imH Q'niVK y^in 
^ohn^ p nai .'nna-tiDna-'v /n /n VyiBn-K'D/. ,2 /« ,63 

? a^rai lip 
,»atj^a .'"laV ag^.^ /■"Sn^^ ,anp ^aN ,ank - ans,. /k ,67 

?nKT ninT'a n*iain na-att^"? ?»anNft ,a3Nri iai9 moKu? 
n'fljra nnnoj-ninau Kii?an-ptt?!?a".n'iyn« /« ,77 .. 
ananan a^jiiana waKn.''nnsa VviBn-i^'s? -nji?^ ,n3?«^r! 
nrxi ',pw^ N»n myiaa ny»3a ,p ax ? na*]?!? ,n3?iyiri iai^ iniai^ ,nai^ 
ni'?3 .('K ,67 's?D^ 'nnyn nxi) "'anKri* nmirn ntt^matj^ mamn m naVin 
'jfia rnrnb onanan iV'ati^n /n ,40 'j?oai ,pa "na:^^ ?)« 76 «T>voaiy 
.«!? ini ,iMr'n^a mo'j ]Katt? ,ivi»V i»' a»s?"i '"nj?!?^;;?]?* 
,nK')ip ,r)lKfa?,n n 9 a :^ yi b n - a ur n ni s a ^^ .2 ,'n «84 
19 nK"?a ava,, nai^ imai& ,13j?t ."n^^tsi? ,nU?3n9 ,n^Ni5!ia 
nnVin n^N^ ,''ra9n? riKhj??* nai^ iniaib .layi' k^ ^as ."naty D'yans 
niiT nmsur ,V^an nio'ja inana «^i .a*rai "flplN*]a;ia pKni B'awn 
maia nnaij K^^-'na niTS// 'a ,i»i'TBa. aiy naxa k^n ,i3'aa^ 
^■•nK^jaa laa nmsa pn «»? ^•.''^--•na mta^ n^nmsa 
...^lyan-'aia'aa (1 a a nVn ...naxsa ,naN'ii?n .nu^pa 
UNTp ,mK!?a^ ,nN!?a ^yiBn-aar nnvsa (2 ...'isa ,''ian 
laijrtt^ ,tsni*n K'o iiana la lana ia»HB^ ,pn&^ nyaa Kb i^'bk la'aa!? /"iai 

.TiNB pBpiaa 

/K ,160 'yo^ 'ms?n nsi-'B'on pna 
TTTVjr »aiin na^nn e^aiya niatp naaa., /a ,103 
naaa,.«b ."a'aaa tt^iy- D'aaa 'ntt^pb'?a nanaaanamnn 
pii IS S"a ,"»^'?3 'lana aa-v k"?! ,B'^iBan a^^a^sn niai2?a s"a ,"iiiaB^ 
.••lana ^ai - o^bai ^as ,B*aB^ 'fit? - a^'fiaiy .a'a» 'atz^-a^ai' :'^^a 'lana 
,nipa^aa nbn matt^tJ laoan-attr ns T»oinV la'^v P's^ .'•^a''i3 W-^ilW 
I a^^an aiatVi niaV ,aiKb Pian |"s^ nxia an pai ,ait ]"sb nsna as ]»a 

Dn»Vai' «]Ki ,'151 Q^Vun a^^^ a^at^ 'CJ"'^3^"» S^"!^ "'^^'=' '^''"'^**^ '^^ ^"^^"^ 

.|n p??ai n» B^n ^^ya naa !?t2^ 



121 »nn pwpT ibdV miB'ini wiyji 

ni^ga ,01^11 |wd d'^aa ana hw» ,nt *m3d .dD'niaKVi nVan ]a npii« ninB 
'3D^w nninD man f?aa nii9a-Dsrtja Ka xnah .^b niaii« b^Va p-'H ]hi- 
- ^nj) n»iajra «ir5n»nV mnia n«tD man »d »(niJ8"l »d*i?"}1) oy»»T»jfi ^ 
i»« »'»'3^tt^'?"r| ,o'iia»-n ]iss a^Vaa ana Kia' pi /(niaa? - aa? ,n9n^ 
niann ^aK,n»n n^iyd nrxr .nrndn ik n*)iao oyvnT^aD «»^izr nnann pa 
,ana-»3D '3B«? nnino man lantna^.naan nawDinninB n«T n^an 'jb^b^ 
nia'Kna isoi i«aintt^ ni«aann .Q'?^a!!?^ /D5»olatj,'?v^'3W.ina~na Kia' 
Vtt^ bnanan n'Triin^ nia'Hna |3»« ^a« ,jnan i^ n'n'aHn inina^i^ia 

.jai?\j 11 j nKii .maiiK o'Vaa hjB^a-bsroa inan 
n a 1 a n r K tt^ n rt 1 n D "^m a n a ( H : « a a n a n * /« ,2 /» naVa^n 
D'^aa .'(inpa '"jr mwpv sVa^-RV »a?Vyji :naj?ttan man*? 
na v»ian n^an> naiao n3»«tt^ ,(- ^ ,~ ») nninD nian 'ir a'3^nn0 /bn'']);??^ 
naanV n^^Ri 1 anb"'»aD >3dV«^i ,dy»n-''ib '3fiV na'« »a,na ku» «Vanal?a« 
Tiya rtT ^Va noaV kidk nM '•iKin|a.»ipa wa >na Ty lajraB^ K^'HibK-H^ 
niana ik naydian niann-»3s »3fiV la^s nmnsn nnana (« : «a anan* : la 
b'Va 'nti? nvna.bj'cla^Jj ;naijg ^bn^n: nnKana-»3B 'jbVSij^k nmnfih 
»^iR .'Kia^-ttV :nn« n^aa mavrna |n v(»31^b '3?b nm) «]j?a "j; nnwp 
nKn-i*i1tt'an ,d»iw»n pjra d*^aa anan «ia lai n« da nt^VaV »iis^ w» 

.|apV my nmi a /» na^wnV^mjrn 
-«iw »aB^ n^na nyuna (a (:«a anan)* /a ,2 Ana^i^n 
nianp a^nyV km ya-Kiw »aBVtt^ nmnan manniV'sin ."^ ? ip;,iaB^;^ ;yj 
na^tz^nV *'ni*iyn nsn) |na ,ana na kw ,dybn"'»aB 'jbVw nnins nnan iiKa 
nmnsn mann ^tjy nnyian baK .B5»iiiMn;^-if ^g^i-ij? fUty-.i :('« .2 /'i 1 /» 
: nnins man ^aa ana Kia» »a .naup ik nVna nvnV nVia' ya-«iif »aB^» 
^XWO n^aia 'jBra njj^a n9aa ana Kia' p .'O^a:?-;! ,n;i'?V-n >J.pT 
-Vy) anaa nia^n ]n»ni2^ p ^(Vna-fai? - nnayn njaga ;|op7ap-rinay .' 
K'n nVna nyian ay ana Vtff npisia-'n^an n»5r«'ioKn .oii«^j?-|l Tn 
'aBVtt^ fap >a niat&inn ,hiyn» mniBo nny ^r naoiiBan niyuV rianaar ~ 

)'Ri-(b»ttfi-i?T'''f'tl'!?T '"'?3'«)^'>*»3i"f»P^ n-)n» nniiiB mana ik pj?-«idn 

.p "jain - 



/ 






11K3 Dni» 



120 



KiTinDii Bnaan d^mimi nia'aon pu? iij^pn patr^ isa W?" ,0^5^^ 

/K ,106 'jroV 'myn hkii ,'qwn-Dt2^. pnon V^Vs ion |hd .152 
...p n^»n 'T-^V o-V'Stt matzra ^y Dsy |nn'*.2,i56 

^^3^ iiraa ,]a '3Df?inv nVan noaipin ,]«» nHaina^ ,naam .n^nK |a 
bs Qsaoa ,*|a inr^ dj? naxn^Ka m^^nh tananan ina» *^i»i oassr 
nin.T/ pa 'iuao Vian Va ]'n oaaNn ,s*Dy _ pV mij? wainiy niHaxnn 
mo'a »B^ ? ^laaa ini' min-p ki?i« I'a'? ">iv;n |a oni"') mna ptt^Kin 
-'«lora vnn ini» apyv. p^ '^ora rnn ai?r. |*a "jian ^a p ^«?an 

.jj-ina nt ]»ki 
nnikn .«"»«? an piD^ ••tz^-'ann i?isn xipi pi .*"» ly i? q „ /n .leo 
'Mffi'aq, j»a^ na'a tu?' larp !?a vKv/'yan^ /»tt?>^ttr* n^pB?a*»ran„. 
^r\i^fiVa |'aV 'TattT// p is "nyaar// pab '^yatt^// p itj^p ^a |»«tj? o^a 
laiaa ,n»aia irK (iptt^a i?m-iyn "»^a) xipaa Kan '"»tt;'is>q„ -jonn a'nan 
Q'bra .T'lttrn i^'tj^au^ ptnn mm 'a ,|K5^ ]"3y nrn "'W^ niisn .ai^a 

♦na ny^aini ^yiea-Ta^^ nnnnu^ai^ VyiBn-|**y ns 
-''nrs"»y >apna la'ila inNn-DTT ixyatsa* /« na^wn 

^^ /a ,2 'yo^'myn nun 

oieaipa Dj .*nKnp-niaK ...mtj^ai&a »*in« nrnis* 
larpK 'fliaaxi Dnia^ tj^na-'na n»a!?n^i o'aipna*? mn.rnnina nnbvin,, 
. /K .4 'voV 'hnyn nm- nnnoa o'na |»ai nK'np-ma»K p nananb 
HittT) Vp-B^ai Nia' nV mnstt? n 3 - k njr ^ /« ,1 /i na^iz^n 
— Qmat-'j :TiD»nn-n i» ma^nn-vi nriK niu? ...(ima 
lan^ivomap o'Vaaiy niaiu^Kin nnann ,*ianDi- ^aii?-i :DnnaT^ 

^ha^pi nam |nyi3n ^ax ,(—31, -p) nia5?Dia-'»n*?ai mmjio kisk |n 
n'^'ip nyian |«aav pnitt^nu? .naxn qki ? TS'an >('k ,12 /yo) pin Va^ nia'aa 
pnwn «ia'Dna i^pn /imsu ^^ntt^ai^ p n\Tna ,nKta n!?iaoKW'i ,nm 
:nNa bwb lain !?aK ?nVm nyun^ laiynb nyaa pi ,nmnDmana 
DJ (*ima) nrNii»y ^ljn3 ia»K a*rai "lana./ ik 'cmaTi* !?tt^ yan Kiiwn 
Kian ittTK ,N'n nViiJi nywn uni nyun »a ,nyi3n^ i'jb^b^ yan Niia^n ^Dn^^a 
(«]n*ia) m-«in2?* leni la^xty ,'^V^n.. ^^ V^n Kiwn ^a'? nan 1 nnine mana 
en /a ,13) 'mann^ IpVa 'a ^'orips - ^ina Vapn) ptnn wnn uaiy'na 

.'OlaiJ? niraa 'o^a^i-n pi » i»^S? naiur 

Vntj^aia nay»nV nou nnayn ]ii2^!?n// .1 /» na'?ipn 
nnrn ^a^-n'3tt? man ^aur ,tt^in nVu^ 'a'asn oiannni 
nwKi «i3» niann D^Vaa .nayua n^nn-iru^'!??!^ man ^a 
a^'flVajj?! P*3 "^»"' ''ip^V" Q5'»''' '^'i'''' natya-oyD p 
'HiaiiK Q'»!?B* yaia nr Va p ."QS'O'^fitJ'Sl 'V PS'^ nyaa^a 
,n'w»!?» iK'n«aw nnan Vaa nayun i&nn |wVn !?«; 'a'aon oiannn ]'«i 



> 



123 ' ' hsnVjja th^pmv onfao 



/ 



yi'os ,miDoV miana nKXin .witoai ni»»a .]i»!»a D»ai»j>i d»ni?n» /I'^'W IK^p . 

.•!''*»« ,a»aH-i>n ,pif> ain noia 
.»»»n ,a»a8"!»n ,ia"j;3 •aias,, nsjtin ,n»s>Mn niaa /OmilK 'S'i'lp 
,r">vn\ n^ai ■"}> i?»l»8»a n>a nKSVi /-♦ana ina» HIT dlVatJII 
/ttwi I'Dtt pn« n«sin <a»8 "jio »Bi> Dn»»n {"a iiiiia /0»i»»n ibo ,d1^tt^ 'tStt^ 

- '" .i"»wn ,n»5»»)i* 

/]i5>» Tiin n»a win nip'S Q»ii?iiav pa^K nun 'T»a D»»iit3» ,i?itt^» '110 tttt^tt^ 

.'i»»»fl ,a»a8-Vn ""I'at, — d»^»ii» ,p>«>«»a i6i» /O^wa 'jio 
V» ♦nan iaiat»y«3 ♦•a »"ajr d^» nowa l»"i' ,»as Vaia ns»x iso .ajpy tPtJIIfiVB^ 
»p>V«>a tow i»a»n n»y»» n«M nisnau »6iV'ni miyn .Kiaia ejin^xa ,V*t f"j«ii» nnat n-'i 

BELLI A., Storia della letteratura ebraica, biblica e postbiblica, Casa Editorice 
,,Academia", Milano, 1951. 

DRIVER G. R., Semitic Writing from Pictograph to Alphabet, revised Edition, Tlie 
British Academy, London 1954, " . 

INTERNATIONALE ZEITSCHRIFTENSCHAU fOR BIBELWISSENSCHAFT UND 
ORENZQEBIETE, Band I. 1951/52. 

. Heft I. Verlag Katholisches Bibelwerk, Stuttgart. 
Heft 2. Patraos-Verlag, Diisseldorf. - 

JENNI E., Das Wort 'Olam im Alten Testament, Verlag Alfred Topelmann, Berlin 1953. 

KATCH A. I., Judaism in Islam, Biblical and Talmudic Backgrounds of the Koran and 
its Commentaries, New York University Press, 1954. 

ROTHAIULLER A. M., The Music of the Jews, An Historical Appreciation, Valentine, 
Mitchell & Co. Ltd., London, 1953. 

THE ZADOKITE DOCUMENTS, L The Admonition, IL The Laws ; Edited with a 
Translation and Notes by Chalm Rabin, Oxford, 1954. 



N 



nsniiMa napniui anao 

»7 O'^BO nssifi #'« faip ,n»6sVi? nnitiV o'tsnijia D»ii?nni onasa ,ni^13WK 

.'i"''»n /O'lusii* /ft'iayn ntj'oiaaiKn ,B3»a y'» 

.n»»»n #a»a8-i»n ,a'j?a "fi'jda,, msifi ,rif»»'iaKa Min'fi 'SIT ,nty» 0'T»'T 
.t"»»n ,B»^»n» »i?'i?«»a loia ,B»"nis»D ,na»a »»»an ,"» ]aK'*in " 
»a»S>a ft»'ia3? nKSi.i /aim ,iW8i Tia ,(n»3aia^ ounn) laiatni sipa ,iT'a 'rO'lIB 

.r»t?n ,a»b»ii' 
,n"»»ft /a»aH"^n ,nja» nnuin .wntr ©its ojr /ai»« laa , — 
s WMQ n«j»?i ,i3»a»ai laja .T»i>jrn Vjri ni'snn ^j» /Trian oiKn .iTIK laipDItJ 

.T'»»ft ,a»a«-i>n >a"j>a lai'i 
n^jv tiinna ,niaiJ8»*« WKaan ,a>^»ji»i iqn'sa ,»*iaj>fi I'antin rmi6» /a '^KV 

■ .T'l^n (a'as-iin #»a'3, nssin /Mniiai maijra 
D»jr^»in »(»»»ann ovs ij> »y»ai?i i^iKoa) n^vy vvn nsan la /ITiay nj?'»a'nD 

.l»»»n #b»^»i"i» ,i?»^R'a iBia /tiaj in»jr»» B^nsoii niij>n ,D»'Ti8»a /ftisiaa a»iisr t]»aifii *»a 
n^i» niainVi ii3»n^ 'nan »"y ^"i* 'Im '3* ,maini Tii»n »i»»a)»^ miain ilTlV'aa 

.i?iV""i»3 — D'^wii* ,n»a^ij?n ii'ii»sfi Jiii'rnonn bv 
<D»^»ii» ,a"ya iid«»n« a-'nae nssin ,»»ia»» »iay ji^»a ,in ly iVsa ,TSa pa 

■> ' Q»aia»fth «j»n»na bv mavVyn mmsn n'a^nV p»s> 'lan V» «ibi8 <ni5?11 mau^na 

.n*»»n ,a»a8-^n ,"n3a»„ riKSin ,18b» '»i ipa " laijr) iBi?»^ ,d'iib^ i»an»ftai 
oVbk n»iiVa /B»31wki B»K»aj^ ,a'n ,TJn^ »Bi3ii8»a iiK'a ,fi8ni 8ii?an /a 11R3 

.T'iWJi ,?>Ki»»a ii'iayn Bma.i nmnon nsxin ,B»ai»8i B»8»ai^ 
mi^ina i?iB »i3»a» ny oio»3»i.i nsipna n»5>B»Ka nojan-^na ,3^5?' iVfi^lpJ'B 

.i"»»ji ,B'^»ii» #i?»^8»a iDia ,n»iin»n niVa^iiNn 
•idi' miyni siaa tj^oini 'iivrt iifana aain ,»aii »»i« ,q»»»k "n ,0131Kt?lVfi 

.•i»»»n /d»^»n» /jj'^N'a ibia <6a»V o 
laana win isRia© D»nB63i Kiaa iB'Dini lajin .fiiwtjn njiann niii?»a ,^K13ay tJ^Kp 

.T'»»n ,D»^»11' ,p»l>8»a IDia <^♦'1B»iB1'^ ]M1 

niaVn^ (K»siTiii?ri?) nia'snan ibb ,iial>nn ii»l» isi« ,Vtt^in'» Q'TI 'pOlWOKj? 
*i"B}i»ai V«i»' nV»aa >» niainni nii'nn Ti»a n«sin /(as — «) 'K m» : '« Tta /'{"aa 

8iaai »1VB eiii»sa »flia«fi naipna a^ayia n^»5>j> »i»» /wy n^sn »Ta lUIOKj? 

/a niiifitt /nnayn iwSi nyi niBuntJ^na ,p»V8»a loia nssina ,»3'0"'iib n*3 'biib tia»iya 



125 fliysfii miyn 

misa ^apM - najrn *p»^ V? mminn |hiK ^a tjyw iV w'bt — ^Vh»* 

/iai «an , nay /"^v p'Vn .a^^vn 
Minaiaa niKiin !?ya Kin m f?snD o^aiyn o'enaip'oa^n 'dV 
Dto-n Dii /iai np ,^jr tj^nvn „..a laynn (a /lai p'jyn , ion nry (k 
,na'« ,nK3«^ (a /iai non naw .nbjnn (k : maiBn ni«nin !?ya Hin *^'«b* 

/iai m'lata ny»aB if nV .nap3 
n^« .VT»^^ryi»'in» '*i bw laxan aD'n "jKam 'hVk niHiin iik^ , 

lanv nw»inn '"y iniVa ,ir^y nanxn naa ; oan 'aaa laaiHnn a^nnKn 
TiKKtt^ auia :»n ^t!^ naiu^nn n«a nt ^y nanviata yaiB nn» ,i3»Vy ^'tja 
D'^a pnwa iraoVw ]8a .a*mya aa^a* win'ma mn a^iya oa-'by 
aa'iinaT nn« isatj^ ''ByK : niaiK dht /i*i«n// !?tt^ maiBnn nikiinn »ni&a' 

.'a«? nsa a»mya D»a' na'nij — n^yin ip-'sn Dn8-,mnBipa 
nspK K^i^Mt nBoin mi^a taVar yapn jaa'a 'oaw .psV 'Kia 
npTXia IT riBOin D3aKVv'«an D'?iya Da'a\n2tp"' k^b^ ^na i*mya aa-i^y 
nxp// ]«a da Kawi .(mynaaiy oTawi^ia o'ti^ ]"y) 'aaia* 'la'an '"y «'n 
: naiVa /lai nnxai nam 'iV^aa^tVt ,n''3Tn ^prt : n»anya laa witb n^T *^y 
'3B^a i3*niya aa'B' iispvuVB^ na rniya nam »i>»a »Hb aa^ amn k^ ^^ 

.naa la mViy mV'apan'i^Vn a'WBi&an 
hnin niVan mvB2 pan pHi^x nab it nnmna "isp* ^yiB^.oma 
»aiVB pya iirp .,»*inK laa ^yis 'niyTn 'jki// :p nis a^aiaa nnia^ 
'iD'an B3 niwn ,',..npiiyfla »aiymn« ^nau^aa 'jki ...7msn ^a lantry kV 
.^ais-pps^p |"y) "nnxaa nisp n** : aa piBCiaia-^nKSin) a^Sin vmaa 
|ai a'Sin tr^na |a mxann »ntt^ i psp Tiy a"Bioi^»Bn a^naian nxiK 

. .pan |aK Vtt?.wn»nV yvoviyo ^attrV mVia' ma naoa 
ia» a ,v t]ii (n^nn pVia ,'n"aB^a."aa^) kto |an «n'a kbVr nsoa 
nt8^»t/»aK ntt^yu^ na ntsriy 'aHtzr »by 'anxn Vh nnyv :nT ^la^a a^KSia 
^Ki "^y ^aVa na'a Knn !?» ,»niK 'a^yn Vn : nM* ,aoaaaipn 'b^ yWiVB 

,|'in lain baa "B^a »Dn»»nn 
Vtt^ ni'xn 'waa 'biK N»aa ,Tann ,n'aan :by Tixn Va^ naanV iio» 
iraanv ,naiian Dtt^ oaiz^ ,(by laa rabn ja ,aap a'Vnn)/'Qn»a»ab lannn* 
^l'^K mn'B^ na bai tau^ a'Vnn Vy p*m n«i) npixani nnsn biy nn 
ian«n iia«ai ...ipn tj^si ly inia* sb 'a nai amtj^n ny»a' n»nn n»ayan 
.(anibaoai amiaya mab laniK lana k^v yi an»ayab 
btj^»?aipan mi'sn naba »naya.» nbant!^ it niaaiTna Tyn^»aixia 
biff n«iinn aa nV a^' ^n^aiya ssaa wkb^ /lai ma^ npVn >aVn ,fnn 
B'aib'ab B'i<ib»a ,Dozy 'ni i ^naya* "iny anao' ]«y) ntj^inan |pap i« ne^nna 
B«'an /lai nvina >tna n^u^aa naaia nT bt&u^ S'aan /'|ya« ^ly .a^^any 
!?'apa 'on'ayaV la^nnn* 'ia»an nT 'Bb .(n»B^iw kibs n'nn labtt^ "naya* Vv 
^lao' s"?!?? naVai// KT'n tb n^y^aw) ••abinTa ssaan nan 'laub iwa 
finy»a\j^ KnBoin |"y) nvinan - nayan nKfnb' nVti/ .laiba /nayan m 



liiu^ni ni-iun 



rt"iits>n ps 

a'UDa nmpaa nan itj^Tpaa nn^niir .maaan pKn ^bt nt avf jni» 
n» 'a .'laxV inam dur >ttr nipan it^n's I'Kur k^« ,n"ntt^ ,n'nttr :nT 
naV ]3ni' .?an na»,/ : rv ao xar 'a^Tj^n'a pHn ^tj? m our Vjr laKaitr 
k»»n 'an *in ,aViyn (nnij^in, :k''J) nnarin naaatt^ n^nr pK natt^ «ipi 
|>a n»*iaa K»n ni?iVnan - 'o^isrn nntt^in naaaur ,n"flr pK nKipa na^i 
'DVijrn nnu^in niaatt? Kari// ;a*v n; Kai' »Vaaa nwai .- nnwin ih nnu^in 
,pi»a #133'K innurin ik nrtu^in mi?aa "^nu^a* : noiaa aa annK niaipaai 
T11X iTntt^ ^naay n maiyv .oinon atzrn nx iKa^ na ^tirTratt^ |i»o»3 kVh 
«>n ,it IK IT nwma p Vy nawnai ^'n^n^; ps nunpa na^// :.n^Ki&3 
lo^aw i« .D8^n ^B^ 'n»aKn ni«»a nn lyi' Kb laa pnr '.3*1 'a-iaw ,nn»aian 
.M»3Bb nay Dtt^ |Ka n'n Kb mj^yabiJ^ Tiya ,naj? ]Dini pia nbab nn^ 
mawi pi&ba ni»a'iyTy ,nnaiv naai naa ^^nB avn lann yiT* aaaKi 
nwntt^n pK I'K t'^ivn isai .n'layn t bj? ninab ,n»ni'n •'W ira ttrii^aa 
inaur, naij? laoa ^1na ovn) taipaa np'ao^ nVK bar ,naTan pK k^k 
nawanniK KVK-.,pKn bjr isobs?nrn inK laoia •iipa ]»Ni.nmK iki (ii'an 
.D'3iB^K> d'K'aa nwa aizr nn»n pK ,]"nKn bo'aiya* : nnaiKn ,a n Kai'a 
/|ni3 n'n iT»bvi niyasK nit^ibiy i^iKn p nniaa . n k t p a n n ^n n ' n tj^ 1 

.natan pK :k>k ]"jv<i 'sb it pK ]*k 
nnsiin n^B^Kia^ /eatlu n»3ii»n nban riB^a'B^ttr ,nain 3>n» .iTKa /nni 
aaib'aa niKib nwBKtJ^ 'oa ^iKipa m D»ai ,naTa ms^au^aa ox /ipia K'n 
»BbT tt^ii?a3 paa ^a'aoiiDa D'tz^ipaaiy nin'sta naa .oipo-bT'b bttr bnari 
«1K IK ,(ion IK Kba 3'na3) "n^nttrni* ]'kb^ ,n3in lanoa p Vjn myi 
fl'aiia nt laaa pi .nban »Kia r»i3 dj Kin 'aiiM d^yn np'y pu^) "n^nwu 
vtrestia *ip'S?ai ,l(rTi« :n»aii'n nban KbK pai vesta a^ban 
«a»o-niD n^a 



«»jiiyn» a»»a »Bb Ksaa "by// on'n nba ay b»yBn p»a33 *tik« byiBn. 
naa ytj?in' '3ib rrabn ib naK : k ,Ta ma naoas ,iiabn3 fiOK ayB pi 
na .ntn abiya da'by t^****''^ ^^'^^ ' ^^^ ^^^ 11 a ' b y n a i k n 
»ibi aiiuo' .niann - naiKn rt^iaa ti^ '"vi .Kan dbiy3 da^a* lanK'tjr 
.'"tt^i laa 'la^by naiKn* dBwan m d'lKaa Bn»aib*a3 
ma naoa bt» latan yapn ay "by y'-win^ K^aa laib-'aa min»-]3 
tt^iTB urn*) C'tt^i *ttriTB pb'a) na»3Kttr iiys /^tyi nai m uasb *baa 

.■"tt^i bur nt 



127 niyxni nnyn 



.»flip»3v las ipi*? •Jx^'KttT Kin ^purzjn - io66b mnyV 195 niajr d«7 

.^j?»»^ nxano 1V1& nip'»3tt^ iw^« ^T'^ w»hv 
^5tt kVi pfi ntt^y pit f?3a viV t^^nn ^a^ nsan n»»^aniy ,aaN tit 
n^ TiV 'min' |a*a nawna (iissa 'ajr^ I98 'nv ,012^) /pnK ibi» |nn 
^v s^» 'i^n min' »ai ^u^ naa's nKin 'nxan nx'Vani/tt^ r^k .(398 iwjr) 
(! nrmn Vy «ik) vn 'anaai .^"jti ^ly lanaaa la ]p»nu^ ,» n « -1 a t n n a n 
nma ,pnK i^r ]mn baa n^i /piN na^s^* pR baa «b :|iMb aina 
mnn nir^yab bas- ,d"a*a63 Q^rnn |Na vfv ^vfnm qwh wip>n nx |j?'n 
mip*a ■•nanaip na_p5? '"*ibn biz^Q^Ttt^a ia ssvassaiupnK — piK :Kin 

.88 mjrn »|iD ,i4ma5? .tj^a naw nfio 

••iV'Ki 61 'ay IT Ji'iaina •»iasab (J 
.('i?")'a.y cjip»a) wo i*}'^ .1 n*jyn 67 niajr 
isj?n n« a'mn a^v ta nawn »ina pi :«pDinb .2 nijrn nr 
nxjpn |a srpinn :qb^V p^aia^Kna Hainan "'abtt^iT/yai ,amn n« irpr 
K*n ^Miiin a^nb D'awHi be^ iniinattr D''Bip'»y p») ks' Kb ainnia nr 
: 150 iiojr ,*ioK mnna /Q'awKi bij^ psO/.a ba*t .iiyi Drn«")b K*aD'*ii 55 'ay, 
,n-» 'iiKnp *isan ]a a»nan ]itt^b hystt^na nKija .aman p ,nsan p 
.KnKS>a nn K'y Kp «il naa^a '"in |ib^V ^k pyi .(ni pib laoV Kainur 
D'Van iiwava p^nva 'a ,i*''ia) •schman- :b*s .laio 68 iiay 

.(pp «]Ki IS nKiinb 
.4 niyna tb^x .B'aen bw nannK n*jitt^ ,70 niay 
poaiaK )ny)V 

j'w* «)n»sa Q> T-inan p ,bao x'-a ninna ,DbT&n KTO-p neoa 
ann bcr naiwnn iniyn laaa nabya nniaa .(ia ,x» KTo-p) "mi&i 
.21-20 'ay ,r» "laanr^b/za ^kt'o p 'bc^aa Dino piosj by/y b'T |na «]oi' *i*T 
.narnnn imnnaa KTO-p 'Kiip nK n'by ^ynb. 'Kia p owar 

'"a 

n n ji' n 

-j» n»aia 220 'ay n-Jiniain n*'» ^Sa ,i33itt?b bu^ nantiKn mama 
atJiaV ^mic niy»a "inyr Kpbo* nonant!; ^pisa »poaw'»3NBoaip n^^a 
.'nbyi. bv D'ainnn by ne» ia'»aa riK mia lanan .^inyiK pbo* Knpb 
-JS1K* i3ib»aa 'lb laatz^ ,pb o'ltiipn ab naiwn nK mafinb p-i 'aixi . 
,'tt?'bttr Tia .TDin |»ir|»b*ia .nannK nKSin ,'D»tt?mani D'liabnn iiwb 
Dii?aa, :K'y a D'noBa 'inyi Kpbo Kp* by rya ,p'?9 ,p?9 ^lya ,536 'ay 
.*'nnby nby ,ab by nby ,...nyT by nby n'laya ,Tny*TH 
13T1B 'a 'py 



nijjsm fti'jjn 126 



.vann — "ViKurj// ^tt^ HKiinn nx o'vaoa ta^aiyn o'BiaijP'oaSn 
laiy ^ann n« inaan /'f?i»* oij^n niysaKa — 'lai naytjr ,naynn .tsbntt^n 
nanah ^ain Ktittr na ,n»a pnna Kin »atj>n inxpi ,nanan ^n nK ne^ip njrnn 
Ijra t pin ,ni?Tna nu^j? niw"- ^kbk :n»ai5ra o»iam ntai .nynan p nna^ 
nninan ns D'pnnar ani&ip ia^ dhkh myn oa 1113? ib^itb manya 
D'wni^ i!&nn 'ax Vy.. tia^u^ j?iOBn ato'n nHam m 'b^ .|ya 8ij?3 onnKni 
lanRn ,'»3RDiV D'aaiT ns^K ,Qmixni o'tt^xun ,D'y\pnn - ^cin'ayaV iDn«n 
o'Vaj?a 13K san i?iBDa .naann-Tiaytt^n — a»aoa my V«r o'Vann iik ij?n?ni 
'iVa) B'ywi niay p|7 - o'ytJ^in o'tyiinn naiy^ -pns'n :nB' nVapn 
onina o'piOBn 'ait^ .on'ayay lanNn naiyV (mTnni u^Binn nx ia^ nnnn 
,|ittr»in piOBa ,^K'iw oy nn V'tpaa -niu^an .la'Kn^na mpSTins ^»a 
nana^ iniN nana «in 'ju^n piosai » ansa iiayv - ^ana niii&pn nana^ 
.(DB^ urn nxi) nn''nni nViNxn ^ao - yspa nVan nwK 
(p«?) Dtt^^ Q«n 



.prp yB?in*9 'ira — »}« (k 

:p'»Bn "laiK 113/4 nnw 65 niay > ibo 'itjattr mi^:x 
Bhn? 'B'^*]^ rey? »3iny'i ni'w 
01 |iya» t&av ^tntp' 'ry^ laK'i 
.(niyna d» ^xa) 'anyi :pnb ysni paya nB^i?rn ]iTT»n 

.aaiy »^ pa, lai^a 
mwp p^'»a^ n*iyn ,194 may n»» ^la "laaitj^V^a ,K*nV» ,|»ana« 
yo'B^ 'ii^sa ny »V |ca 'i^a : it&isai ^'aaiyn* K\n «]« pna ,io44a 'ay 
|'ana» boib 'dnn^//V ^nmBn tk) nia»nn^ : pann? - 'B^aian - 'ayaan riK 
.(Van /"iDau^ »Taaz,^ rnnyna 'a naty •a'lyai nnia^a «]« 
/'amyi* n^an 'aB^wnmurni^ nmytn n!?aa D'apnan in'att^n k^fn^n 

f?»aa"iy'i nvB^n :pBr!?n OK ioaiB» ira daip'ni Qt&iTB »bV 
TiBnV ty»i D*Va »nar ]Ka inannatt^ k^« ,D»aii?»naTiis ]»« naKa^ 

nai^ ins isr,]ma*a 
/iai ^Hnw» 'a»y^ laK'i 'iai yott^a »)«ia ns'i nrntt^n 
= 'mian iiK yo'irip ny»a ni^ij^n nx ia» .-"aia = pa p ytt?in» : laiVa 

4»ayaan 

*»Vtt?a |a*^ d"»yaian d'lan f?y da 'laaii^^^a na«aa I'yn panaK (a 

:myn^ 'aani .»mnnaa 
'ax «]«— 9 'ittr 1048a 'ay min^-p p!?»a^ 194 maya nv anaw na 
♦d*aB *]ny 'min» ]2J? *)x »n»xini a^nn p'oV "nnyna nr ^y 'nivyn 



fl. 1 ■) V pa 



a";;!! Q'^ia hirin, 



11 3 :i J n ami , a ^ a k - V n , 

67445 'Vt3 ^ , ' 2704 TT) 



(nits) pVina n/''''B^7M ntoit? 

1944 1*n 9431-9433 '^0 

a -J n s - !? n 
,nim» ,mp5?» .mn^T .mai^n ,Dni'n'i o-'^s^a ,^n3 'jaa 

nnDa nniij^i niaiDa t'^ia'? npVna 

«loa ^p'aa inhtt^ *^^ Tn^a - ij|pr ij«| n ¥1 n 
.nDOiTii T^na ^n»?3 '" *'■* '■ ■''■■■■ ' 



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