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Full text of "The student's Gospels [microform] : a harmony of the synoptics, the Gospel of John"



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CTbc Minivers \\\ of Chicago 



ICibraries 




GIFT OF 







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THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PUBLICATIONS 
IN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

EDITED BY 

SHAILER MATHEWS W. C. BOWER 

EDWIN E. AUBREY 



CONSTRUCTIVE STUDIES 



THE STUDENT'S GOSPELS 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



THE BAKER & TATLOB COMPANY 
NEW YORK 

THE CAMBHIDGE UNIVERSITY PBE3S 
LONDON 

THE MAHDZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA 
TOKYO, OSAKA, KYOTO, P0K0OKA, SENDAI 



THE STUDENT'S GOSPELS 

A Harmony of the Synoptics 
The Gospel of John 



ABRANGED BY SHAILER MATHEWS 

USING 

THE NEW TESTAMENT 

An American Translation 

BY EDGAR J. GOODSPEED 
SECOND EDITION 




THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



uO 



COPYRIGHT 1927 AND 1934 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. PUBLISHED SEPTEMBER 1927 

SECOND EDITION AUGUST 1934 



COMPOSED AND FEINTED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U.S.A. 




LIBiiAKlES 





Gift of publisher 



(J- 

PREFACE 

This arrangement of the Gospels is intended for students and 
readers of the Bible rather than for technical scholars. For them 
there are Harmonies and Synopses both in Greek and in English. 
The present volume reproduces the sections of the new edition of 
Burton and Mathews, Life of Christ. The headings are less formal 
than in many Harmonies and, it is hoped, will aid the student to gain 
the content of the sections themselves. 

The text of Goodspeed's American Translation was chosen as an 
additional aid to those who wish to appreciate the freshness and vigor 
of the Gospel stories. 

In accordance with the prevailing conclusions of New Testament 
scholars, no attempt is made to "harmonize" the Four Gospels, but 
the Gospel according to John is arranged independently as an inter- 
pretation given Jesus by the third generation of Christians. 

The section headings are intended to help the student gain the 
point of view of the evangelist as the interpreter of the religious sig- 
nificance of the primitive messianic hope. 

SHAILEB MATHEWS 



Vll 



CONTENTS 

BOOK I. THE CHRIST OF HISTORY 

PART I. JESUS BEFORE His PUBLIC MINISTRY 

SECTION PAGE 

1. Luke's Preface 1 

2. The Two Genealogies of Jesus 1 

3. The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold to Zechariah . 3 

4. The Birth of Jesus Foretold to Mary 6 

5. The Birth of Jesus Foretold to Joseph 7 

6. The Song of Mary 8 

7. The Birth of John the Baptist 10 

8. The Birth of Jesus 13 

9. The Presentation in the Temple 15 

10. The Visit of the Magi 17 

11. The Flight into Egypt 19 

12. The Boy Jesus 21 

13. The Silent Years 22 

PART II. THE BEGINNING OF THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF 

JESUS: FROM THE COMING OF JOHN THE BAPTIST UNTIL 

THE PUBLIC APPEARANCE OF JESUS IN GALILEE 

14. The Career of John the Baptist 23 

15. The New Self-Consciousness of Jesus after His Baptism 26 

16. Jesus Organizes His Own Ideals 26 

PART III. THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' WORK IN GALILEE: 

FROM His APPEARANCE IN GALILEE UNTIL THE 

CHOOSING OF THE TWELVE 

17. Jesus Begins To Announce the Coming of the Kingdom 28 

18. The First Disciples 29 

19. The First Cures Wrought by Jesus 30 

20. Jesus Preaches throughout Galilee 32 

21. Jesus Forgives Sins 33 

22. Jesus Calls a Publican To Be a Disciple 34 

ix 



Contents 



SECTION PAGE 

23. Jesus Rejects the Pharisees' Practice of Fasting ... 35 

24. Jesus' Revolutionary Interpretation of the Sabbath . 36 

25. Jesus Arouses the Enmity of the Pharisees by His Atti- 
tude Regarding the Sabbath 37 

PART IV. A PERIOD OF CONFLICT IN GALILEE : FROM 

THE CHOICE OF THE TWELVE UNTIL THE WITH- 
DRAWAL INTO NORTHERN GALILEE 

26. The Rapid Growth of His Following 40 

27. The Selection of the Twelve 41 

28. The Sermon on the Mount 41 

29. A Centurion Accepts Jesus as a Commander ... 54 

30. Jesus Accepted as a Great Prophet ...... 56 

31. The Uncertainty of John the Baptist 56 

32. The Loving Faith of a Forgiven Woman 59 

33. The Intimate Friends of Jesus 61 

34. The Danger of Wilful Unbelief 61 

35. The Spiritual Family of the Christ 65 

36. The Kingdom Described in Analogies 65 

37. Jesus' Power over Nature 72 

38. Jesus '-Power over Evil Spirits 73 

39. Jesus' Power over Death 75 

40. Jesus' Power over Disease 78 

41. Jesus Is Rejected by His Fellow-Citizens at Nazareth . 79 

42. Extension of His Teaching through the Preaching of the 
Twelve 81 

43. The Death of John the Baptist 86 

44. Additional Stories of Jesus' Power over Nature ... 88 

45. Jesus Breaks with the Externals of the Jewish Religion 91' 

PART V. THE PERIOD OF PREPARATION FOR THE AP- 
PROACHING CRISIS: FROM THE ABANDONMENT OF 
THE PUBLIC MINISTRY IN GALILEE TO THE DEPAR- 
TURE To ATTEND THE PASSOVER 

46. Jesus in Tyre and Sidon 94 

47. Jesus Extends His Mission to Gentiles in the Decapolis 95 

48. The Feeding of the Four Thousand 96 



Contents xi 



SECTION PAGE 

49. The Final Evidence of the Truth of Jesus' Teaching . 97 

50. The Healing of the Blind Man 98 

51. The Disciples Avow Their Conviction That Jesus Is the 
Christ . 99 

52. Jesus Foretells the Fate Awaiting Him 100 

53. The Glory and the Tragedy of the Christ: The Trans- 
figuration 101 

54. The Superiority of the Messiah over His Disciples . . 103 

55. The Disciples Are Unwilling To Believe in the Death of 

the Messiah 105 

56. Regard for the Feelings of Others 105 

57. Simplicity, Tolerance, and a Forgiving Spirit . . . 106 

PART VI. THE LAST PERIOD OF PUBLIC TEACHING: FROM 

THE FINAL DEPARTURE FROM GALILEE UNTIL THE 

ARRIVAL IN JERUSALEM AT THE PASSOVER 

58. The Departure from Galilee Ill 

59. The Mission of the Seventy 112 

60. Gaining Eternal Life through Love 115 

61. Jesus as a Guest 117 

62. The Reasonableness of Prayer 117- 

63. How Respectability May Become Hypocrisy . . . 119- 

64. The Higher Loyalties of Religion 121 

65. The Inevitable Sorrow Attending Sin 128 

66. The Superiority of Service to Religious Conventions . 129 

67. Religious Privileges Not Religious Rights .... 131" 

68. As to Love, Humility, and Indifference 133 

69. As to Counting the Cost of Discipleship 136 

70. Three Illustrations of God's Love 137 

71. The Right and the Wrong Use of Wealth .... 141 

72. Forgiveness and Responsibility 145 

73. An Illustration of Thankfulness 146 

74. The Dangers of Procrastination 147 

75. Persistent Prayer 149 

76. The Superiority of Humility to Spiritual Pride . . . 150 - 

77. The Value of the Family 150 



xii Contents 



SECTION PAGE 

78. The Religion of the Childlike Spirit ...... 152 

79. The Dangers of Wealth and Selfishness 152 

80. The Shadow of the Cross 156 

81. The Ambition of the Disciples 157 

82. Jesus Accepts Publicly the Messianic Title .... 158 

83. The Remarkable Conversion of Zaccheus .... 159 

84. The Rewards of Faithful Service 160 

PART VII. THE PASSION WEEK: FROM JESUS' ARRIVAL 
IN JERUSALEM TO His EXECUTION 

85. The Triumphal Entry 163 

86. The Episode of the Cursed Fig Tree 165 

87. The Cleansing of the Temple 166 

88. Jesus Refuses To Discuss the Basis of His Authority . 167 

89. Jesus Predicts the Downfall of the Jewish State and 
Church 168 

90. Jesus Emerges Triumphant from Cross-Examination by 

His Enemies 172 

91. Jesus Repudiates the Revolutionary Conception of the 
Messiah 174 

92. The Culmination of Jesus' Attack upon the Religious 
Leaders 175 

93. Sacrifice as the Measure of Generosity 180 

94. Jesus Foretells the Destruction of Jerusalem and the End 

of the Age 180 

95. Judas Plots To Betray Jesus 191 

96. A Prophetic Anointing by a Repentant Woman . . . 192 

97. The Last Supper of Jesus with His Disciples . . . 194 

98. Jesus Foretells His Disciples' Defection 196 

99. Gethsemane 197 

100. Jesus Is Betrayed and Arrested 198 

101. Jesus Is Condemned by the Religious Authorities for 
Claiming To Be the Christ 200 

102. Pilate Sacrifices Jesus to Popular Clamor .... 203 

103. Jesus Is Executed as a Political Offender 206 

104. Jesus Is Buried as the Disciples Scatter 208 



Contents xiii 



PAKT VIII. THE RESUKBECTION 

SECTION , PAGE 

105. The Resurrection Morning 210 

106. Jesus Appears to His Disciples at Emmaus .... 212 

107. Jesus Appears to the Ten Disciples hi Jerusalem . . 214 

108. Jesus Appears to the Eleven Disciples on a Mountain hi 
Galilee 215 

109. Jesus Ascends to Heaven 216 

BOOK II. THE CHRIST INTERPRETED BY 
CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE 

110. The New Interpretation of the Christ 217 

111. The Superiority of Jesus to John the Baptist . . . 217 

112. The Sacrificial Meaning of Jesus' Life 218 

113. The Beginnings of Faith 218 

114. The Messianic Glory in Service 219 

115. The Authority of the Christ 219 

116. The Spiritual Meaning of the Messiah's Work ... 220 

117. The Supremacy of the Christ . 221 

118. The Withdrawal to Galilee 221 

119. The Messiah as a Revealer of Sin 221 

119a. Jesus Heals the Son of a Centurion 223 

120. The Messiah as a Revealer of God 223 

121. The Bread of Earth 225 

122. The Bread of Heaven 226 

123. Christ and the Way of Life 228 

[124. The Woman Taken hi Adultery] 229 

125. Christ as the Light of the World 230 

126. The Spiritual Freedom of Believers 231 

127. How Opposition Develops Faith 232 

128. A Sacrifice of Service 233 

129. The True Power of Divine Love 234 

130. At the Tomb of a Friend 235 

131. Growing Opposition to the Revealer 236 

132. A Retold Anecdote of the Master 237 

133. The Public Disclosure of Messiahship 237 

134. Jesus' New Temptation and New Faith 238 



xiv Contents 



SECTION PAGE 

135. The Setting of the Teaching 239 

136. The Glory of Sacrificial Love 240 

137. The True Meaning of the Christ's Departure and Return 241 

138. The True Meaning of Loyalty to the Messiah . . . 242 

139. The Summary of the Gospel of the Revealer of God and 
Eternal Life .244 

140. The Betrayal and Arrest 245 

141. Jesus Is Examined by Annas 246 

142. Jesus, Though Declared Innocent, Is Executed by Pilate 

as a Political Offender 247 

143. The Burial of Jesus 249 

144. Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene . 249 

145. Jesus Appears to the Twelve 250 

146. The Faith of Thomas and the Faith of All Believers . 250 

147. The Conclusion of the Gospel 251 

148. Appendix: 

1. Other Appearances of Jesus to His Disciples . . . 251 

2. The Guaranty of the Truth of the Gospel ... 252 



BOOK 1 
THE CHRIST OF HISTORY 

PART I 
JESUS BEFORE HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY 



1. LUKE'S PREFACE 



LUKE 1:1-4 



1 Many writers have 
undertaken to com- 
pose accounts of the 
movement which has 
developed among us, 

2 just as the original 
eyewitnesses who be- 
came teachers of the 
message have handed 

3 it down to us. For that 
reason, Theophilus, 
and because I have 
investigated it all 
carefully from the be- 
ginning, I have deter- 
mined to write a con- 
nected account of it 
for Your Excellency, 

4 so that you may be re- 
liably informed about 
the things you have 
been taught. 



2. THE TWO GENEALOGIES OF JESUS 



MATTHEW 1 : 1-17 

1 The ancestrj' of 
Jesus Christ, who was 
descended from Da- 
vid, who was descend- 
ed from Abraham. 

2 Abraham was the fa- 
ther of Isaac, and 
Isaac of Jacob, and 
Jacob of Judah and 

3 his brothers, and Ju- 



LUKE 3:23-38 

23 Jesus himself was 
about thirty years old 
when he began his 
work. He was the 
son, it was supposed, 
of Joseph, the son of 

24 Eli, the son of Mat- 
that, the son of Levi, 
the son of Melchi, the 
son of Jannai, the son 



The Student's Gospels 



dah of Perez and 
Zerah, whose mother 
was Tamar. And Pe- 
rez was the father of 
Hezron, and Hezron 

4 of Aram, and Aram of 
Aminadab, and Ami- 
nadabof Nahshon, and 
Nahshon of Salmon, 

s and Salmon of Boaz, 
whose mother was Ra- 
hab. And Boaz was 
the father of Obed, 
whose mother was 
Ruth. And Obed was 
the father of Jesse, 

e and Jesse of King 
David. David was 
the father of Solomon, 
whose mother was 

7 Uriah's wife. And 
Solomon was the fa- 
ther of Rehoboam, 
and Rehoboam of 
Abijah, and Abijah of 

8 Asa, and Asa of Je- 
hoshaphat, and Jeho- 
shaphat of Joram, and 

a Joram of Uzziah, and 
Uzziah of Jothain, 
and Jotham of Ahaz, 
and Ahaz of Hezekiah, 

10 and Hezokiah of Ma- 
nasseh, and Manasseh 
of Amon, and Amon 

11 of Josiah, and Josiah 
of Jeconiah and his 
brothers, at the period 
of the Babylonian Ex- 

12 ile. After the Baby- 
lonian Exile, Jeconiah 
had a son named 
Shealtiel, and Sheal- 
tiel was the father of 

is Zerubbabel, and Ze- 
rubbabel of Abiud, 
and Abiud of Eliakim, 
and Eliakim of Azor, 

14 and Azor of Zadok, 



25 of Joseph, the son of 
Mattathias, the son of 
Amos, the son of Na- 
hum, the son of Esli, 

26 the son of Naggai, the 
son of Maath, the son 
of Mattathias, the son 
of Semein, the son of 
Josech, the son of 

27 Joda, the son of Jo- 
hanan, the son of 
R'esa, the son of Zerub- 
babel, the son of Sala- 
thiel, the son of Neri, 

28 the son of Melchi, the 
son of Addi, the son of 
Cosam, the son of El- 
madam, the son of Er, 

29 the son of Jesus, the 
son of Eliezer, the son 
of Jorim, the son of 
Matthat, the son of 

so Levi, the son of Syme- 
on, the son of Judah, 
the son of Joseph, the 
son of Jonam, the son 

31 of Eliakim, the son of 
Melea, the son of 
Menna, the son of 
Mattatha, the son of 
Nathan, the son of 

32 David, theson of Jesse, 
the son of Obed, the 
son of Boaz, the son 
of Sala, the son of 

33 Nahshon, the son of 
Admin, the son of 
Ami, the son of Hez- 
ron, the son of Perez, 

34 the son of Judah, the 
son of Jacob, the son 
of Isaac, the son of 
Abraham, the son of 
Terah, the son of Na- 

35 hor, the son of Serug, 
the son of Ragau, the 
son of Peleg, the son 
of Heber, the son of 

se Shelah, the son of 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



and Zadok of Achim, 
and Achim of Eliud, 

is and Eliud of Eleazar, 
and Eleazar of Matt- 
han, and Matthan of 

IB Jacob, and Jacob of 
Joseph, the husband 
of Mary, who was the 
mother of Jesus called 

IT Christ. So the whole 
number of generations 
from Abraham to Da- 
vid is fourteen, and 
from David to the 
Babylonian Exile, 
fourteen, and from 
the Babylonian Exile 
to the Christ, four- 
teen. 



Cainan, the son of 
-Arphaxad, the son of 
Shem, the son of No- 
ah, the son of Lamech, 

37 the son of Methuse- 
lah, the son of Enoch, 
the son of Jared, the 
son of Maleleel, the 

as son of Cainan, the son 
of Enosh, the son of 
Seth, the son of Adam, 
the son of God. 



3. THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST FORETOLD TO 

ZECHARIAH 



I 



LTTKE 1:5-25 

s In the days when 
Herod was king of 
Judea, there was a 
priest named Zechari- 
ah who belonged to the 
division of Abijah. His 
wife was also a de- 
scendant of Aaron, and 
her name was Eliza- 

e beth. They were both 
upright in the sight of 
God, blamelessly ob- 
serving all the Lord's 
commands and re- 

7 quirements. They had 
no children, for Eliza- 
beth was barren; and 
they were both ad- 

s vanced in life. Once 
when he was acting as 
priest before God, 
when his division was 

9 on duty, it fell to his 
lot, according to the 
priests' practice, to go 
into the sanctuarj' of 



The Student's Gospels 



the Lord and burn the 

10 incense, while all the 
throng of people was 
outside, praying at 
the hour of the incense 

H offering. And an an- 
gel of the Lord ap- 
peared to him, stand- 
ing at the right of the 
altar of incense. 

12 When Zechariah saw 
him he was startled 
and overcome with 

is fear. And the angel 
said to him, "Do not 
be afraid, Zechariah, 
for your prayer has 
been heard. Your 
wife Elizabeth will 
bear you a son, and 
you are to name him 

H John. This will bring 
gladness and delight 
to you, and many will 
rejoice over his birth. 

is For he will be great in 
the sight of the Lord. 
He will drink no wine 
or strong drink, but 
he will be filled with 
the holy Spirit from 

10 his very birth, and he 
will turn many of 
Israel's descendants to 
the Lord their God. 

17 He will go before him 
with the spirit and the 
power of Elijah, to 
reconcile fathers to 
their children, and to 
bring the disobedient 
back to the wisdom of 
upright men, to make 
a people perfectly 
ready for the Lord." 

is Zechariah said to the 
angel, "How am I to 
know that this is so? 
For I am an old man, 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



and my wife is ad- 

19 Danced in life." The 
angel answered, "I am 
Gabriel. I stand in 
the very presence of 
God. I have been 
sent to speak to you 
and tell you this good 

20 news. Now you will 
keep silent and be un- 
able to speak until the 
day when this hap- 
pens, because you 
have not believed 
what I have said, for it 
will all be fulfilled in 

21 due time." The peo- 
ple were waiting for 
Zechariah, and won- 
dering that he stayed 
so long in the sanctu- 

22 ary. But when he 
came out he could not 
speak to them, and 
they knew that he had 
seen a vision in the 
sanctuary. For his 
part, he kept making 
signs to them, and re- 

23 mained dumb. And 
when his period of 
service was over, he 
went back to his 

24 home. Soon after- 
ward his wife Eliza- 
beth began to expect 
a child, and she kept 
herself in seclusion for 

25 five months. "This is 
what the Lord has 
done for me, ' ' she said, 
"now that he has 
deigned to remove the 
disgrace I have en- 
dured." 



6 



The Student's Gospels 



4. THE BIRTH OF JESUS FORETOLD TO MARY 



LUKE 1:26-38 

26 In the sixth month 
the angel Gabriel was 
sent by God to a town 
in Galilee called Naza- 

27 reth, to a maiden 
there who was en- 
gaged to be married to 
a man named Joseph, 
a descendant of Da- 
vid. The maiden's 

28 name was Mary. And 
the angel went into 
the town and said to 
her, "Good morning, 
favored woman! The 
Lord be with you!" 

29 But she was startled 
at what he said, and 
wondered what this 

so greeting meant. And 
the angel said to her, 
"Do not be afraid, 
Mary, for you have 
gained God's approv- 

31 al. You are to be- 
come a mother and 
you will give birth to 
a son, and you are to 

32 name him Jesus. He 
will be great and will 
be called the Son of 
the Most High. The 
Lord God will give 
him the throne of his 

33 forefather David, and 
he will reign over 
Jacob's house for- 
ever; his reign will 

34 have no end." Mary 
said to the angel, 
"How can this be, 
when I have no hus- 

35 band?" The angel an- 
swered, "The holy 
Spirit will come over 
you, and the power of 
the Most High will 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



overshadow you. For 
that reason your child 
will be called holy, 
and the Son of God. 

as And your relative, 
Elizabeth, although 
she is old, is going to 
give birth to a son, 
and this is the sixth 
month with her who 
was said to be barren. 

37 For nothing is ever 
impossible for God." 

ss And Mary said, "I am 
the Lord's slave. Let 
it be as you say." 
Then the angel left 
her. 



5. THE BIRTH OF JESUS FORETOLD TO JOSEPH 

MATTHEW 1 : 18-25 

is Now these were the 
circumstances of the 
birth of Jesus Christ. 
Mary, his mother, was 
engaged to Joseph, 
but before they were 
married it was found 
that she was about to 
become a mother 
through the influence 
of the holy Spirit. 

19 But her husband, Jo- 
seph, was an upright 
man and did not 
wish to disgrace her, 
and he decided to 
break off the engage- 

20 ment privately. But 
while he was thinking 
of doing this, an angel 
of the Lord appeared 
to him in a dream, 
and said, "Joseph, de- 
scendant of David, do 
not fear to take Mary, 
your wife, to your 
home, for it is through 



8 



The Student's Gospels 



the influence of the 
holy Spirit that she is 
to become a mother. 

21 She will have a son, 
and you are to name 
him Jesus, for it is he 
who is to save his peo- 
ple from their sins." 

22 All this happened in 
fulfilment of what the 
Lord said through the 
prophet, 

23 "The maiden will 

be pregnant and 

will have a son, 

And they will 

name him Im- 

manuel" 

a word which means 

24 "God with us." So 
when Joseph awoke 
from his sleep, he did 
as the angel of the 
Lord had directed 
him, and took his wife 

2s to his home. But he 
did not live with her 
as a husband until she 
had had a son, and he 
named the child Jesus. 



6. THE SONG OF MARY 



LUKE 1 :39-56 

39 In those days Mary 
set out and hurried to 
the hill-country, to a 

40 town in Judah, and 
she went to Zecha- 
riah's house and greet- 

41 ed Elizabeth. When 
Elizabeth heard 
Mary's greeting, the 
babe stirred within 
her. And Elizabeth 
was filled with the 

42 holy Spirit and she 
gave a great cry, and 
said, 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



, "You are the most 
favored of wom- 
en, 

And blessed is your 
child! 

43 Who am I, 

To have the mother 
of my Lord come 
to me? 

44 For the moment 

your greeting 
reached my ears, 
The child stirred 
with joy within 
me! 

45 Blessed is she who 

has believed, 
For what the Lord 
has promised her 
will be fulfilled!" 

46 And Mary said, 

"My heart extols the 
Lord, 

47 My spirit exults in 

God my Savior. 

48 For he has noticed 

his slave in her 
humble station, 
For from this time 
all the ages will 
think me fa- 
vored ! 

49 For the Almighty 

has done wonders 

for me, 
How holy his name 

is! 
so He shows his mercy 

age after age 
To those who fear 

him. 
si He has done mighty 

deeds with his 

arm, 
He has routed the 

proud-minded, 
52 He has dethroned 

monarchs and ex- 
alted the poor, 



10 



The Student's Gospels 



63 He has satisfied the 
hungry -with good 
things, and sent 
the rich away 
empty-handed. 

54 He has helped his 

servant Israel, 
Remembering his 
mercy, 

55 As he promised our 

forefathers 
To have mercy on 
Abraham and his 
descendants for- 
ever!" 

se So Mary stayed with 
her about three 
months, and then re- 
turned home. 



7. THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST 



LUKE 1:57-80 
57 Now the time came 
for Elizabeth's child 
to be born, and she 
gave birth to a son. 
SB Her neighbors and 
relatives heard of the 
great mercy the Lord 
had shown her, and 
they came and con- 
so gratulated her. On 
the eighth day they 
came to circumcise 
the child, and they 
were going to name 
him Zechariah, after 
eo his father. But his 
mother said, "No! 
He is to be named 

61 John." They said to 
her, "There is no one 
among your relatives 
who bears that name." 

62 But they made signs 
to the child's father 
and asked him what 
he wished to have the 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



11 



es child named. He 
asked for a writing 
tablet, and wrote, 
"His name is John." 
And they were all 
6* amazed. Then his 
voice and the use of 
his tongue were im- 
mediately restored, 
and he blessed God 
es aloud. And all their 
neighbors were over- 
come with fear, and 
all over the hill-coun- 
try of Judea all these 
ee stories were told, and 
everyone who heard 
them kept them in 
mind, and said, "What 
is this child going to 
be?" For the Lord's 
hand was with him. 
67 And his father Zecha- 
riah was filled with 
the holy Spirit and he 
uttered a divine mes- 
sage, saying, 
es "Blessings on the 
Lord, the God of 
Israel, 

Because he has 
turned his atten- 
tion to his people, 
and brought 
about their de- 
liverance, 

eg And he has pro- 
duced a mighty 
Savior for up 
In the house of his 

servant David. 
70 By the lips of his 
holy prophets he 
promised of old 
to do this 
To save us from our 
enemies and from 
the hands of all 
who hate us, 



12 



The Student's Gospels 



72 Thus showing mer- 

cy to our fore- 
fathers, 

And keeping his sa- 
cred agreement, 

73 And the oath that 

he swore to our 
forefather Abra- 
ham, 

74 That we should be 

delivered from 
the hands of our 
enemies, 

And should serve 
him in holiness 
and uprightness, 
unafraid, 

75 In his own presence 

all our lives. 

76 And you, my child, 

will be called a 
prophet of the 
Most High, 
For you will go be- 
fore the Lord to 
make his way 
ready, 

77 Bringing his people 

the knowledge of 
salvation 

Through the for- 
giveness of their 
sins. 

78 Because the heart 

of our God is 
merciful, 

And so the day will 
dawn upon us 
from on high, 

79 To shine on men 

who sit in dark- 
ness and the 
shadow of death, 
And guide our feet 
into the way of 
peace." 

so And the child grew up 
and became strong in 
the Spirit, and he 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



13 



lived in the desert un- 
til the day when he 
proclaimed himself to 
Israel. 



8. THE BIRTH OF JESUS 



LUKE 2:1-20 
2 In those days an 
edict was issued by 
the Emperor Augus- 
tus that a census of 
the whole world should 

2 be taken. It was the 
first census, taken 
when Quirinius was 

3 governor of Syria. So 
everyone went to his 
own town to register. 

4 And Joseph went up 
from the town of Na- 
zareth to Judea to the 
city of David called 
Bethlehem, because he 
belonged to the house 
and family of David, 

s to register with Mary, 
who was engaged to 
him and who was soon 
to become a mother. 

G While they were there, 
the time came for her 

7 child to be born, and 
she gave birth to her 
first-born son; and she 
wrapped him up, and 
laid him in a manger, 
for there was no room 
for them at the inn. 

s There were some 
shepherds in that 
neighborhood keeping 
watch through the 
night over their flock 
in the open fields. 

9 And an angel of the 
Lord stood by them, 
and the glory of the 
Lord shone around 



14 



The Student's Gospels 



them, and they were 
terribly frightened. 

10 The angel said to 
them, "Do not be 
frightened, for I bring 
you good news of a 
great joy that is to be 
felt by all the people, 

11 for today, in the town 
of David, a Savior for 
you has been born 
who is your Messiah 

12 and Lord. And this 
will prove it to you: 
You will find a baby 
wrapped up and lying 

is in a manger." Sud- 
denly there appeared 
with the angel a 
throng of the heaven- 
ly army, praising God, 
saying, 

14 "Glory to God in 
heaven and on 
earth ! 

Peace to the men 
he favors!" 

is When the angels left 
them and returned to 
heaven, the shepherds 
said to one another, 
"Cornel Let us go 
over to Bethlehem, 
and see this thing 
that has happened, 
that the Lord has told 

16 us of !" And they hur- 
ried there, and found 
Mary and Joseph, 
with the baby lying in 

17 the manger. When 
they saw this, they 
told what had been 
said to them about 

is this child. And all 
who heard it were 
amazed at what the 
shepherds told them, 

19 but Mary treasured 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



15 



up all they had said, 
- and pondered over it. 
20 And the shepherds 
went back glorifying 
God and praising him 
for all that they had 
heard and seen in ful- 
filment of what they 
had been told. 



9. THE PRESENTATION IN THE TEMPLE 

LTTKE 2:21-39 

21 When he was eight 
days old and it was 
tune to circumcise 
him, he was named 
Jesus, as the angel had 
named him, before his 
birth was first expect- 

22 ed. When their puri- 
fication period under 
the Law of Moses was 
over, they took him 
up to Jerusalem to 
present him to the 

23 Lord, in fulfilment of 
the requirement of the 
Law of the Lord, "Ev- 
ery first-born male 
shall be considered 
consecrated to the 

24 Lord," and to offer 
the sacrifice pre- 
scribed in the Law 
of the Lord, "A pair 
of turtle-doves or 
two young pigeons." 

25 Now there was a man 
in Jerusalem named 
Symeon, an upright, ; 
devout man, who was 
living in expectation 
of the comforting of 
Israel, and under the 
influence of the holy 

26 Spirit. It had been re- 
vealed to him by the 
holy Spirit that he 



16 



The Student's Gospels 



him 

him 

re- 

also 



29 



should not die without 
seeing the Lord's Mes- 

27 siah. And under the 
Spirit's influence he 
went into the Temple, 
and when Jesus' par- 
ents brought 
there to do for 
what the Law 

28 quired, Symeon 
took him in his arms 
and blessed God, and 
said, 

'Now, Master, you 
will let your slave 
go free 

In peace, as you 
promised, 

For my eyes have 
seen your salva- 
tion 

Which you have set 
before all the na- 
tions, 

A light of revelation 
for the heathen, 

And a glory to your 
people Israel!" 

33 The child's father and 
mother were aston- 
ished at what Symeon 

34 said. And he gave 
them his blessing, and 
said to Mary, the 
child's mother, "This 
child is destined to 
cause the fall and rise 
of many in Israel, and 
to be a portent that 
will be much debated 

35 you yourself will be 
pierced to the heart 
and so the thoughts 
of many minds will be 

35 revealed." There was 
also a prophetess there 
named Hannah-,- -the--'' 
daughter of Phanuel, 
who belonged to the 



30 



31 



32 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



17 



, tribe of Asher. She 
was very old, for after 
her girlhood she had 
been married for sev- 

ST en years, and she had 
been a widow until 
she was now eighty- 
four. She never left 
the Temple, but wor- 
shiped night and day 
with fasting and 

ss prayer. She came up 
just at that time and 
gave thanks to God 
and spoke about the 
child to all who were 
living in expectation 

39 of the liberation of 
Jerusalem. When 
they had done every- 
thing that the Law of 
the Lord required, 
they returned to Gali- 
lee, to their own town 
of Nazareth. 



10. THE VISIT OF THE MAGI 



MATTHEW 2: 1-12 
2 Now after the birth 
of Jesus at Bethlehem 
in Judea, in the days 
of King Herod, as- 
trologers from the 
east arrived at Jerusa- 

2 lem, and asked, 
"Where is the newly 
born king of the Jews? 
For we have seen his 
star rise and we have 
come to do homage to 

3 him." When King 
Herod heard of this, 
he was troubled, and 
all Jerusalem with 

4 him. So he called to- 
gether all the high 
priests and scribes of 
the people and asked 



18 



The Student's Gospels 



them where the Christ 
s was to be born. They 
said, "At Bethlehem 
in Judea, for this is 
what the prophet 
wrote : 

a 'And you, Bethle- 
hem in Judah's 
land, 

You are by no 
means least im- 
portant among 
the leading places 
of Judah, 
For from you will 

come a leader 
Who will be the 
shepherd of my 
people Israel.' " 
7 Then Herod secret- 
ly sent for the astrolo- 
gers, and found out 
from them the exact 
time when the star 
s appeared. And he sent 
them to Bethlehem, 
and said to them, "Go 
and inquire particu- 
larly about the child, 
and when you have 
found him, bring me 
word, so that I may 
go and do homage to 
9 him too." So they 
obeyed the king and 
went, and the star 
which they had seen 
rise led them on until 
it reached the place 
where the child was, 
and stopped above it. 

10 When they saw the 
star, they were very 

11 glad, and they went 
into the house and 
saw the child with his 
mother, Mary, and 
they threw themselves 
down and did homage 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



19 



to him. They opened 
their treasure boxes 
and presented the 
child with gifts of 
gold, frankincense, 
12 and myrrh. Then, as 
they had been divine- 
ly warned in a dream 
not to go back to 
Herod, they returned 
to their own country 
by another way. 



MATTHEW 2:13-23 

is When they were 
gone, an angel of the 
Lord appeard to Jo- 
seph in a dream, and 
said, "Wake up ! 
Take the child and his 
mother and make 
your escape to Egypt, 
and stay there until I 
tell you to leave. For 
Herod is going to look 
for the child in order 

14 to kill him." Then he 
awoke and took the 
child and his mother 
by night and took 

is refuge in Egypt and 
stayed there until 
Herod's death, to ful- 
fil what the Lord said 
by the prophet, "I 
called my son from 

i a Egypt." Then Herod 
saw that he had been 
tricked by the astrolo- 
gers, and he was very 
angry, and he sent 
and made away with 
all the boys in Bethle- 
hem and in all that 
neighborhood who 
were two years old or 
under, for that was 



11. THE FLIGHT INTO EGYPT 



20 



The Student's Gospels 



the time lie had 
learned from the as- 
trologers by his in- 
i? quiries. Then the say- 
ing was fulfilled which 
was uttered by the 
prophet Jeremiah, 
is "A cry was heard in 

Ramah ! 
Weeping and great 

lamenting ! 
Rachel weeping for 

her children, 
And inconsolable 
because they were 
gone." 

19 But when Herod 
died, an angel of the 
Lord appeared in a 
dream to Joseph in 

20 Egypt and said, 
"Wake up! Take the 
child and his mother 
and go to the land of 
Israel, for those who 
sought the child's life 

21 are dead." Then he 
awoke, and took the 
child and his mother 
and went to the land 

22 of Israel. But hearing 
that Archelaus was 
reigning over Judea in 
place of his father, 
Herod, he was afraid 
to return there; and 
being warned in a 
dream, he took refuge 
in the region of Gali- 

23 lee, and he went and 
settled in a town 
called Nazareth, in 
fulfilment of the say- 
ing of the prophets, 

"He shall be called a 
Nazarene." 



Jesus before His Public Ministry 



21 



12. THE BOY JESUS 



LUKE 2:40-50 

40 And the child grew 
up and became strong 
and thoughtful, with 
God's blessing resting 

41 on him. His parents 
used to go to Jerusa- 
lem every year at the 
Passover Festival. 

12 And when he was 
twelve years old, they 
went up as usual to 

43 the festival and made 
their customary stay. 
When they started 
back the boy Jesus 
stayed behind in Je- 
rusalem without his 
parents' knowledge. 

44 They supposed that 
he was somewhere in 
the party, and trav- 
eled until the end of 
the first day's journey, 
and then they looked 
everywhere for him 
among their relatives 
and acquaintances. 

45 As they could not find 
him, they went back 
to Jerusalem in search 

46 of him. And on the 
third day they found 
him in the Temple, 
sitting among the 
teachers, listening to 
them and asking them 

47 questions, and every- 
one who heard him 
was astonished at his 
intelligence and at the 
answers he made. 

48 When his parents saw 
him they were amazed, 
and his mother said 
to him "My child, 
why did you treat us 



22 



The Student's Gospels 



like this? Here your 
father and I have been 
looking for you and 
have been very anx- 

49 ious." He said to 
them, "How did you 
come to look for me? 
Did you not know 
that I must be at my 

so Father's house?" But 
they did not under- 
stand what he told 
them. 



13. THE SILENT YEARS 



LTTKE 2:51-52 
si And he went back 
with them to Naza- 
reth and obeyed them. 
And his mother treas- 
ured all these things 
52 up in her mind. As 
Jesus grew older he 
gained in wisdom and 
won the approval of 
God and men. 



PART II 
THE BEGINNING OF THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF JESUS 

FROM THE COMING OF JOHN THE BAPTIST UNTIL THE 
PUBLIC APPEARANCE OF JESUS IN GALILEE 

14. THE CAREER OF JOHN THE BAPTIST 



MATTHEW 3 : 112 

3 In those days John 
the Baptist appeared, 
and preached in the 

2 desert of Judea. "Re- 
pent!"hesaid, "forthe 
Kingdom of Heaven 

3 is coming!" It was he 
who was spoken of by 
the prophet Isaiah, 
when he said, 

"Hark! Someone is 
shouting in the 
desert, 
'Get the Lord's way 

ready ! 
Make his paths 

straight!' " 

i John wore clothing 
made of hair cloth, 
and he had a leather 
belt around his waist, 
and he lived on dried 
locusts and wild hon- 

6 ey. Then Jerusalem 
and all Judea and the 
whole Jordan valley 

e went out to him, and 
they were baptized by 
him in the Jordan 
River, in acknowledg- 
ment of their sins. 

7 But when he saw 
many of the Pharisees 
and Sadducees .coming 
for baptism, he said to 
them, "You brood of 



MARK 1 : 1-8 

1 The beginning of 
the good news of Jesus 
.2 Christ. As it is writ- 
ten in the prophet 
Isaiah, 

"Here I send my 
messenger on be- 
fore you; 

He will prepare 
your way; 

3 Hark! Someone is 

shouting in the 

desert, 
'Get the Lord's way 

ready, 
Make his paths 

straight.' " 

4 John the baptizer ap- 
peared in the desert, 
and preached repent- 
ance and baptism in 
order to obtain the 
forgiveness of sins. 

s And all Judea and ev- 
erybody in Jerusalem 
went out to him there, 
and accepted baptism 
from him in the Jor- 
dan River, acknowl- 
edging their sins. 

e John's clothing was 
made of hair cloth, 
and the belt around 
his waist was leather, 
and he lived on dried 
locusts and wild hon- 

23 



LUKE 3 : 1-20 

3 In the fifteenth year 
of the reign of the Em- 
peror Tiberius, when 
Pontius Pilate was 
governor of Judea, 
and Herod governor 
of Galilee, while his 
brother Philip was 
governor of the terri- 
tory of Iturea and 
Trachonitis, and Ly- 
sanias was governor 

2 of Abilene, in the high 
priesthood of Annas 
and Caiaphas, a mes- 
sage from God came 
to Zechariah's son 
John in the desert. 

3 And he went all 
through the Jordan 
Valley preaching re- 
pentance and baptism 
in order to obtain the 

4 forgiveness of sins, as 
the book of the ser- 
mons of the prophet 
Isaiah says, 

"Hark! Someone is 
shouting in the 
desert, 
Get the Lord's way 

ready ! 
Make his paths 

straight. 

s Every hollow must 
be filled up, 



24 



The Student's Gospels 



snakes! Who warned 
you to escape from 
the wrath that is com- 

s ing? Then produce 
fruit that will be con- 
sistent with your pro- 
fessed repentance ! 

9 Do not suppose that 
you can say to your- 
selves, 'We have Ab- 
raham for our fore- 
father,' for I tell you 
God can produce de- 
scendants for Abra- 
ham right out of these 

10 stones ! But the ax 
is already lying at the 
roots of the trees. 
Any tree that fails to 
produce good fruit is 
going to be cut down 
and thrown into the 

11 fire. I am baptizing 
you in water in token 
of your repentance, 
but he who is coming 
after me is stronger 
than I am, and I am 
not fit to carry his 
shoes. He will bap- 
tize you in the holy 

12 Spirit and in fire. His 
winnowing fork is in 
his hand, and he will 
clean up his threshing- 
floor, and store his 
wheat in his barn, but 
he will burn up the 
chaff with inextin- 
guishable fire." 



7 ey. And this was his 
message: "After me 
there is coming one 
stronger than I am, 
one whose shoes I am 
not fit to stoop down 

s and untie. I have 
baptized you in water, 
but he will baptize 
you in the holy Spir- 
it." 



And every moun- 
tain and hill lev- 
eled. 

What is crooked is 
to be made 
straight, 

And the rough 
roads are to be 
made smooth, 
e And all mankind is 
to see how God 
can save!" 

7 So he would say to the 
crowds that came out 
there to be baptized, 
by him, "You brood 
of snakes! Who 
warned you to fly 
from the wrath that is 
s coming? Then pro- 
duce fruit that will be 
consistent with your 
professed repentance! 
And do not begin to 
say to yourselves, 'We 
have Abraham for our 
forefather,' for I tell 
you, God can produce 
descendants for Abra- 
ham right out of these 
9 stones ! But the ax is 
already lying at the 
roots of the trees. 
Any tree that fails to 
produce good fruit is 
going to be cut down 
and thrown into the 

10 fire." The crowds 
would ask him, "Then 
what ought we to do?" 

11 And he answered, 
"The man who has 
two shirts must share 
with the man who has 
none, and the man 
who has food must do 

12 the same." Even tax- 
collectors came to be 
baptized, and they 



The Beginning of the Public Ministry of Jesus 25 

_ said to him, "Master, 
what ought we to do?" 

is He said to them, "Do 
not collect any more 
than you are author- 

u ized to." And soldiers 
would ask him, "And 
what ought we do?" 
He said to them, "Do 
not extort money or 
make false charges 
against people, but be 
satisfied with your 

is pay." As all this 
aroused people's ex- 
pectations, and they 
were all wondering in 
their hearts whether 
John was the Christ, 

is John said to them all, 
"I am only baptizing 
you in water, but 
someone is coming 
who is stronger than I 
am, whose shoes I am 
not fit to untie. He 
will baptize you in the 
holy Spirit and in fire. 

17 He has his winnowing 
fork in his hand, to 
clean up his thresh- 
ing-floor, and store his 
wheat in his barn, but 
he will burn up the 
chaff with inextin- 

is guishable fire." So 
with many varied ex- 
hortations he would 
preach the good news 

19 to the people, but 
Herod the governor, 
whom he condemned 
because of Herodias, 

his brother's wife, and 
all the wicked things 
Herod had done, 

20 crowned them all by 
putting John in pris- 
on. 



26 



The Student's Gospels 



15. THE NEW SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS OF JESUS 
AFTER HIS BAPTISM 



MATTHEW 3 : 13-17 

is Then Jesus came 
from Galilee to the 
Jordan, to John, to be 

14 baptized by him. But 
John dissuaded him, 
and said, "I need to 
be baptized by you, 
and do you come to 
me?" 

is But Jesus answered, 
"Let it be so this 
time, for it is right for 
us to do everything 
that God requires." 
Then John consented. 

IB And when Jesus was 
baptized, he went 
right up out of the 
water, and the heav- 
ens opened, and he 
saw the Spirit of God 
come down like a dove 
and light upon him, 

17 and a voice from heav- 
en said, "This is my 
Son, my Beloved ! 
This is. my Chosen." 



MAKE: 1:9-11 

9 It was in those days 
that Jesus came from 
Nazareth in Galilee, 
and was baptized by 
John in the Jordan. 

10 And just as he was 
coming up out of the 
water he saw the 
heavens torn open and 
the Spirit coming 
down like a dove to 

11 enter into him, and 
out of the heavens 
came a voice: "You 
are my Son, my Be- 
loved! You are my 
Chosen!" 



LUKE 3:21-22 

21 Now when all the 
people were baptized 
and when Jesus also 
after his baptism was 
praying, heaven op- 

22 ened and the holy 
Spirit came down up- 
on him in the material 
shape of a dove, and 
there came a voice 
from heaven, "You 
are my Son, my Be- 
loved! You are my 
Chosen!" 



16. JESUS ORGANIZES HIS OWN IDEALS 



MATTHEW 4 : 1-11 

4 Then Jesus was 
guided by the Spirit 
into the desert, to be 
tempted by the devil. 

2 And he fasted forty 
days and nights, and 
after it he was fam- 

3 ished. And the tempt- 
er came up and said to 
him, "If you are God's 
son, tell these stones 
to turn into bread!" 

4 But he answered, 
"The Scripture says, 



MARK 1 : 12-13 

12 The spirit immedi- 
ately drove him out 

is into the desert. And 
he remained hi the des- 
ert for forty days, and 
Satan tried to tempt 
him there ; and he was 
among the wild ani- 
mals; but the angels 
waited on him. 



LUKE 4:1-13 

4 Jesus returned from 
the Jordan full of the 
holy Spirit, and he 
was led about in the 
desert for forty days 

2 by the Spirit, and was 
tempted by the devil. 
In all those days he 
ate nothing, and when 
they were over he was 

3 famished. And the 
devil said to him, "If 
you are God's son, tell 
this stone to turn into 



The Beginning of the Public Ministry of Jesus 27 



'Not on bread alone is 

man to live, but on 

every word that comes 

from the mouth of 

5 God!'" Then the devil 

took him to the holy 

city, and made him 

stand on the summit 

e of the Temple, and 

said to him, "If you 

are God's son, throw 

yourself down, for the 

Scripture says, 

'He will give his 

angels orders 

about you, 

And they will lift 

you up with their 

hands 

So that you may 
never strike your 
foot against a 
stone!' " 

7 Jesus said to him, 
"The Scripture also 
says, 'You shall not 
try the Lord your 
s God.' " Again the 
devil took him to a 
very high mountain, 
and he showed him all 
the kingdoms of the 
world and their splen- 
9 dor, and said to him, 
"I will give all this to 
you, if you will fall on 
your knees and do 
homage to me." 

10 Then Jesus said to 
him, "Begone, Satan! 
For the Scripture 
says, 'You must do 
homage to the Lord 
your God, and wor- 
ship him alone !' " 

11 Then the devil left 
him, and angels came 
and waited on him. 



* bread!" Jesus an- 
swered, "The Scrip- 
ture says, 'Not on 
bread alone is man to 

slive!' " And he took 
him up and showed 
him in an instant all 
the kingdoms of the 

a world. And the devil 
said to him, "I will 
give you all this power 
and their splendor, for 
it has been turned 
over to me, and I can 
give it to anyone I 

7 please. If you will do 
homage before me, it 
shall all be yours." 

s Jesus answered, "The 
Scripture says, 'You 
must do homage be- 
fore the Lord your 
God, and worship him 

9 alone.' " And he took 
him to Jerusalem, and 
made him stand on 
the summit of the 
Temple, and said to 
him, "If you are God's 
son, throw yourself 

10 down from here, for 
the Scripture says, 
'He will give his an- 
gels orders about 
you, to protect you,' 

11 and 'They will lift you 
up with their hands, 
so that you may never 
strike your foot 
against a stone.' " 

12 Jesus answered, "We 
have been told, 'You 
shall not try the Lord 

is your God.' " When 
the devil had tried 
every kind of tempta- 
tion he left him till 
another time. 



PART III 
THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' WORK IN GALILEE 

FROM HIS APPEARANCE IN GALILEE UNTIL THE 
CHOOSING OF THE TWELVE 

17. JESUS BEGINS TO ANNOUNCE THE COMING 
OF THE KINGDOM 



MATTHEW 4 : 12-17 
12 But when Jesus 
heard that John had 
been arrested, he re- 
treated to Galilee, 
is And he left Nazareth 
and went and settled 
in Capernaum, by the 
sea, in the district of 
Zebulon and Naph- 
14 thali, in fulfilment of 
what was said by the 
prophet Isaiah, 
is "Zebulon's land, and 
Naphthali's land, 
Along the road to 
the sea, across 
the Jordan, 
Galilee of the na- 
tions ! 

16 The people that 

were living in 
darkness 

Have seen a great 
light, 

And on those who 
were living in the 
land of the shad- 
ow of death 

A light has 
dawned!" 

17 From that time Je- 
sus began to preach 
and say, "Repent! 
for the Kingdom of 
Heaven is coming!" 



MARK 1 : 14-15 
14 After John was ar- 
rested, Jesus went in- 
to Galilee proclaiming 
the good news from 
is God, saying, "The 
time has come and the 
reign of God is near; 
repent, and believe 
this good news." 



LUKE 4 : 14-15 
14 Under the power of 
the Spirit Jesus re- 
turned to Galilee, and 
news of him went all 
is over that region. And 
he taught in their 
synagogues, and was 
honored by them all. 



28 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



29 



18. THE FIRST DISCIPLES 



MATTHEW 4 : 18-22 

ts As he was walking 
by the Sea of Galilee, 
he saw two brothers, 
Simon, who was after- 
ward called Peter, and 
his brother, Andrew, 
casting a net into the 
sea, for they were fish- 

19 ermen. He said to 
them, "Come and fol- 
low me, and I will 
make you fish for 

2 o men ! ' ' They immedi- 
ately dropped their 
nets and went with 

21 him. And he went on 
a little farther and 
saw two other men 
who were brothers, 
James, the son of Zeb- 
edee, and his broth- 
er, John, in the boat 
with Zebedee, their 
father, putting their 
nets in order, and he 

22 called them. And 
they immediately left 
the boat and their 
father and went with 
him. 



MAHK 1:16-20 

is As he was passing 
along the shore of the 
Sea of Galilee, he saw 
Simon and his brother 
Andrew casting then 1 
nets in the sea, for 
they were fishermen. 

17 Jesus said to them, 
"Come, follow me, and 
I will make you fish 

is for men." They im- 
mediately abandoned 
then 1 nets and fol- 

19 lowed him. He went 
on a little farther and 
saw James, the son of 
Zebedee, and his 
brother John; they 
too were in their boat 
putting their nets in 

20 order. He immediate- 
ly called them. And 
they left their father 
Zebedee in the boat 
with the hired men 
and went off . after 
him. 



LTJKE 5:1-11 



5 Once as the crowd 
was pressing about 
him to hear God's 
message, he happened 
to be standing by the 
Lake of Gennesaret, 

2 and he saw two boats 
on the shore of the 
lake, for the fishermen 
had gotten out of 
them and were wash- 

3 ing their nets. And 
he got into one of the 
boats, which belonged 
to Simon, and asked 
him to push out a 
little from the shore. 
Then he sat down and 
taught the crowds of 
people from the boat. 

4 When he stopped 
speaking, he said to 
Simon, "Push out in- 
to deep water, and 
then put down your 

s nets for a haul." Si- 
mon answered, "Mas- 
ter, we worked all 
night and caught 
nothing, but as you 
tell me to do it, I will 
put down the nets." 

e So they did so, and in- 
closed such a shoal of 
fish that their nets be- 

7 gan to break. And 
they signaled to their 
comrades in the other 
boat to come and 
help them. And they 
came, and they filled 
both boats so full that 
they began to sink. 

s When Simon Peter 
saw it, he fell down at 
Jesus' feet and said, 



30 



The Student's Gospels 



"Leave me, Master, 
for I am a sinful 
9 man." For he and all 
the men with him 
were perfectly 
amazed at the haul of 
fish that they had 

10 made, and so were 
Zebedee's sons, James 
and John, who were 
Simon's partners. Je- 
sus said to Simon, 
"Do not be afraid. 
From now on you are 

11 to catch men!" And 
they brought the 
boats to land and left 
everything and fol- 
lowed him. 



19. THE FIRST CURES WROUGHT BY JESUS 



MATTHEW 8 : 14-17 

14 Jesus went into 
Peter's house, and 
there he found Peter's 
mother-in-law sick in 

is bed with fever. And 
he touched her hand 
and the fever left her 
and she got up and 

in waited on him. In the 
evening they brought 
to him many who 
were possessed by de- 
mons, and he drove 
the spirits out with a 
word, and cured all 

17 who were sick, in ful- 
filment of the words 
of the prophet Isaiah, 
"He took our sickness 
and carried away our 
diseases." 



MARK 1:21-34 

21 They proceeded to 
Capernaum, and on the 
very first Sabbath he 
went to the synagogue 

22 and taught. And they 
were amazed at his 
teaching, for he taught 
them like one who had 
authority, and not 

23 like the scribes. Just 
then there was in their 
synagogue a man un- 
der the control of a 
foul spirit, and he 

24 cried out, "What do 
you want of us, Jesus, 
you Nazarene? Have 
you come to destroy 
us? I know who you 
are, you are God's 

25 Holy One!" Jesus re- 
proved him, and said, 
"Silence! Get out of 

26 him!" The foul spirit 
convulsed the man 
and gave a loud cry 



LUKE 4: 31-41 

31 And he came down 
to Capernaum, a town 
in Galilee. And he 
taught them on the 

32 Sabbath, and they 
were amazed at his 
teaching, for he spoke 

33 with authority. There 
was a man in the 
synagogue who was 
possessed by the spir- 
it of a foul demon and 
he cried out loudly, 

34 "Ha! What do you 
want of us, Jesus, you 
Nazarene? Have you 
come to destroy us? 
I know who you are! 
You are God's Holy 

35 One!" Jesus reproved 
him and said, "Si- 
lence! Get out of 
him!" And the de- 
mon threw the man 
down in the midst of 
them, and came out 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



31 



and went out of him. 
27 And they were all so 
amazed that they dis- 
cussed it with one an- 
other, and said, 
"What does this 
mean? It is a new 
teaching ! He gives 
orders with authority 
even to the foul spir- 
its, and they obey 
zs him!" And his fame 
immediately spread in 
all directions through 
the whole neighbor- 
29 hood of Galilee. As 
soon as they left the 
synagogue, they went 
with James and John 
to the house of Simon 
so and Andrew. Simon's 
mother-in-law was in 
bed, sick with a fever, 
and they immediately 
told him about her. 
31 And he went up to 
her, and grasping her 
hand, he made her 
rise. And the fever 
left her, and she wait- 
as ed on them. In the 
evening, after sunset, 
they brought to him 
all who were sick or 
possessed by demons, 

33 and the whole town 
was gathered at the 

34 door. And he cured 
many who were sick 
with various diseases, 
and drove out many 
demons, and he would 
not let the demons 
speak, because they 
knew that he was 
Christ. 



of him, without doing 

36 him any harm. And 
they were all amazed 
and said to one an- 
other, "What is the 
meaning of this teach- 
ing? For he gives or- 
ders authoritatively 
and effectually to the 
foul spirits, and they 

37 come out." And news 
of him spread to every 
place in that region. 

ss When he got up and 
left the synagogue, he 
went to Simon's 
house. And Simon's 
mother-in-law was 
suffering with a severe 
attack of fever, and 
they asked him about 

39 her. And he stood 
over her and reproved 
the fever and it left 
her, and she got up 
and waited on them. 

40 As the sun went down 
all who had friends 
sick with various dis- 
eases brought them to 
him, and he laid his 
hands on every one of 
them and cured them. 

41 And demons came out 
of many people, cry- 
ing out, "You are the 
Son of God!" But he 
reproved them and for- 
bade them to speak, 
because they knew he 
was the Christ. 



32 



The Student's Gospels 



20. JESUS PREACHES THROUGHOUT GALILEE 



MATTHEW 8:2-4 
2 And a leper came 
up to him and fell on 
his knees before him, 
saying, "If you only 
choose, sir, you can 
a cure me!" So he 
stretched out his 
hand and touched 
him, saying, "I do 
choose! Be cured!" 
And his leprosy was 
immediately cured, 
j Then Jesus said to 
him, "See that you 
tell nobody, but go! 
Show yourself to the 
priest, and in proof of 
your cure, offer the 
gift that Moses pre- 
scribed." 



MAKE 1:35-45 

35 Early in the morn- 
ing, long before day- 
light, he got up and left 
the house and went 
off to a lonely spot, 
and prayed there. 

ae And Simon and his 
companions sought 

37 him out and found 
him, and said to him, 
"They are all looking 

38 for you!" He said to 
them, "Let us go 
somewhere else, to 
the neighboring coun- 
try towns, so that I 
may preach in them, 
too, for that is why I 

39 came out here." So 
he went all through 
Galilee, preaching in 
their synagogues and 
driving out the de- 

40 mons. There came to 
him a leper appealing 
to him on his knees, 
saying to him, "If 
you only choose, you 

41 can cure me." And 
he pitied him and 
stretched out his hand 
and touched him, and 
said to him, "I do 
choose! Be cured!" 

42 And the leprosy im- 
mediately left him, 
and he was cured. 

4:1 And Jesus immediate- 
ly drove him away 
with stern injunctions, 

44 saying to him, "See 
that you say nothing 
about this to any- 
body, but begone ! 
show yourself to the 
priest, and in proof 



LUKE 4:42-44; 5:12-16 

42 When it was day, he 
left the house and 
made his way to a 
lonely spot, and 
crowds of people went 
in search of him, and 
overtook him and 
tried to keep him from 

leaving them. But he 
said to them, "I must 
preach the good news 
of the Kingdom of 
God to the other 
towns also, for that is 
what I was sent to 

44 do." So he went 
about Judea, preach- 
ing in the synagogues. 

5, When he was in one 
of the towns, he came 
upon a man covered 
with leprosy. And 
when he saw Jesus he 
fell down on his face, 
and begged him, say- 
ing, "If you only 
choose, sir, you can 

is cure me!" And he 
stretched out his hand 
and touched him, say- 
ing, "I do choose! 
Be cured!" And the 
leprosy immediately 

14 left him. Then he 
warned him to tell no- 
body, "But go," he 
said, "show yourself 
to the priest, and in 
proof of your cure 
make the offerings for 
your purification, just 
as Moses prescribed." 

is Yet the news about 
him spread more and 
more, and great 
crowds gathered to 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



33 



of your cure make the 
offerings for your puri- 
fication which Moses 
is prescribed." But he 
went off and began to 
talk so much about it, 
and to spread the 
story so widely, that 
Jesus could no longer 
go into a town open- 
ly, but stayed out in 
unfrequented places, 
and people came to 
him from every direc- 
tion. 



21. JESUS FORGIVES SINS 



hear him and to be 
cured of their dis- 
eases. But Jesus him- 
self would retire into 
the desert and pray. 



MATTHEW 9 : 1-8 



9 So he got into the 
boat and crossed the 
sea, and returned to 

2 his own city. Some 
people came bringing 
to him on a bed a man 
who was paralyzed. 
Seeing their faith, Je- 
sus said to the man, 
"Courage, my son! 
Your sins are forgiv- 

3 en." Some of the 
scribes said to them- 
selves, "This man is 
talking blasphemy !" 

4 Jesus knew what they 
were thinking, and he 
said, "Why do you 
have such wicked 
thoughts in your 

5 hearts? For which is 
easier, to say 'Your 
sins are forgiven/ or 
to say, 'Get up and 

6 walk'? But I would 
have you know that 
the Son of Man has 
authority to forgive 
sins on earth." Then 
he said to the para- 



MAHK2:1-12 

2 Some days later he 
came back to Caper- 
naum, and people 
heard that he was at 

2 home, and such a 
crowd gathered that 
after a while there was 
no room even around 
the door, and he was 
telling them his mes- 

3 sage. And some peo- 
ple came bringing to 
him a man who was 
paralyzed, four of 
them carrying him. 

4 As they could not get 
him near Jesus on ac- 
count of the crowd, 
they broke open the 
roof just over his 
head, and through the 
opening they lowered 
the mat with the para- 
lytic lying on it. 

5 When Jesus saw their 
faith, he said to the 
paralytic, "My son, 
your sins are forgiv- 

6 en." There were some 
scribes sitting there 



LUKE 5: 17-26 



17 One day as he was 
teaching, there were 
some Pharisees and 
experts in the Law 
sitting near by, who 
had come from every 
village in Galilee and 
Judea and from Jeru- 
salem. The power of 
the Lord was there, so 
that he might cure 

18 people. Some men 
came up carrying on a 
bed a man who was 
paralyzed, and they 
tried to get him in and 
lay him before Jesus. 

19 And as they could find 
no way to get him in, 
on account of the 
crowd, they went up 
on the roof and let 
him down with his 
mat through the tiles, 
among the people in 

20 front of Jesus. When 
he saw their faith, he 
said, "Friend, your 
sins are forgiven!" 

21 And the scribes and 



34 



The Student's Gospels 



lytic, "Get up, pick 
up your bed and go 

Thome!" And he got 
up and went home. 

s And when the crowd 
saw it, they were filled 
with awe, and praised 
God for giving such 
power to men. 



pondering and saying 
7 to themselves, "Why 
does this man talk so? 
This is blasphemy. 
Who can forgive sins 
s but God alone?" Je- 
sus, at once perceiv- 
ing by his spirit that 
they were pondering 
over this, said to 
them, "Why do you 
ponder over this in 
9 your minds? Which is 
easier, to say to this 
paralytic, 'Your sins 
are forgiven,' or to say 
to him, 'Get up and 
pick up your mat and 

10 walk'? But to let you 
know that the Son of 
Man has authority to 
forgive sins on earth," 
turning to the para- 

11 lytic he said, "I tell 
you, get up, pick up 
your mat,' and go 

12 home!" And he got 
up, and immediately 
picked up his mat and 
went out before them 
all, so that they were 
all astonished and 
acknowledged the 
power of God, saying, 
"We never saw any- 
thing like this before." 



the Pharisees began 
to debate and say, 
"Who is this man who 
talks blasphemy? 
Who can forgive sins 

22 but God alone?" But 
Jesus saw what they 
were discussing, and 
said to them, "What 
are you pondering 
over in your minds? 

23 Which is easier, to 
say, 'Your sins are for- 
given,' or to say, 'Get 

24 up and walk'? But to 
let you know that the 
Son of Man has au- 
thority to forgive sins 
on earth" turning to 
the man who was 
paralyzed he said to 
him "I tell you, get 
up, pick up your mat, 

25 and go home!" And 
he got up at once be- 
fore them all, and 
picked up what he had 
been lying on, and 
went home, praising 

26 God. They were all 
seized with astonish- 
ment, and praised 
God, and filled with 
awe they said, "We 
have seen something 
wonderful today!" 



22. JESUS CALLS A PUBLICAN TO BE A DISCIPLE 



MATTHEW 9 : 9-13 

a Afterward, as Jesus 
was passing along, he 
saw a man called 
Matthew sitting at 
the tollhouse, and he 
said to him, "Follow 
me!" And he got up 
and followed him. 

10 While Jesus was at 



MAKE 2 : 13-17 

is He went out of the 
town again and along 
the shore, and all the 
people came to him 
and he taught them. 

14 And as he was passing 
along he saw Levi, the 
son of Alpheus, sitting 
at the tollhouse, and 



LTJKE 5:27-32 

27 After this he went 
out, and he saw a tax- 
collector named Levi 
sitting at the toll- 
house, and he said to 
him, "Follow me." 

28 And he left everything 
and got up and fol- 

29 lowed him. Then Levi 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



35 



he said to him, "Fol- 
low me." And he got 
up and followed him. 
is He was at table in 
his house, with many 
tax-collectors and ir- 
religious people who 
were at table with 
him and his disciples, 
for there were many of 
them among his fol- 

16 lowers. And when 
the scribes who were 
of the Pharisees' party 
saw that he was eating 
with irreligious people 
and tax-collectors, 
they said to his dis- 
ciples, "Why does he 
eat with tax-collectors 
and irreligious peo- 

17 pie?" Jesus heard it, 
and said to them, "It 
is not well people but 
the sick who have to 
have the doctor. I did 
not come to invite the 
pious but the irreli- 
gious." 



23. JESUS REJECTS THE PHARISEES' PRACTICE OF FASTING 



home at table, a num- 
ber of tax-collectors 
and irreligious people 
came in and joined 
Jesus and his disciples 

11 at table. And the 
Pharisees observed it, 
and they said to his 
disciples, "Why does 
your master eat with 
tax-collectors and ir- 
religious people?" 

12 But he heard it, and 
said, "It is not well 
people but the sick 
who have to have the 

13 doctor! You must go 
and learn what the 
saying means, 'It is 
mercy, not sacrifice, 
that I care for.' I did 
not come to invite the 
pious but the irreli- 
gious." 



gave a great enter- 
tainment for him in 
his house, and there 
was a great throng of 
tax-collectors and 
others who were at 
so table with them. And 
the Pharisees and 
their scribes grumbled 
about it to his dis- 
ciples, and said, "Why 
do you eat and drink 
with tax-collectors 
and irreligious peo- 

31 pie?" Jesus answered 
them, "It is not well 
people but the sick 
who have to have the 

32 doctor. I have not 
come to invite the 
pious but the irreli- 
gious to repentance!" 



MATTHEW 9 : 14-17 

14 Then the disciples 
of John came up to 
him and said, "Why is 
it that we and the 
Pharisees are keeping 
the fast, while your 
disciples are not keep- 
is ing it?" Jesus said to 
them, "Can wedding 
guests mourn as long 
as the bridegroom is 
with them? But a 
tune will come when 
the bridegroom will 
be taken from them, 
and they will fast 



MARK 2: 18-22 

is Now John's dis- 
ciples and the Phari- 
sees were keeping a 
fast. And people 
came and asked him, 
"Why is it that when 
John's disciples and 
the disciples of the 
Pharisees are keeping 
the fast, yours are not 

19 keeping it?" Jesus 
said to them, "Can 
wedding guests fast 
while the bridegroom 
is with them? As long 
as they have the 



LUKE 5:33-39 



33 



They said to him, 
"John's disciples ob- 
serve frequent fasts 
and offer prayers, and 
so do the disciples of 
the Pharisees, but 
your disciples eat and 

34 drink." Jesus said to 
them, "Can you make 
wedding guests fast 
while the bridegroom 

35 is with them? But 
other days will come, 
and when the bride- 
groom is taken away 
from them, in those 



36 



The Student's Gospels 



16 then. But no one 
sews a patch of un- 
shrunken cloth on an 
old coat, for the patch 
will tear away from 
the coat, and make 
the hole worse than 

17 ever. And people do 
not put new wine into 
old wine-skins, or if 
they do, the skins 
burst, and the wine 
runs out and the 
skins are spoiled. But 
people put new wine 
into fresh wine-skins, 
and so both are 
saved." 



bridegroom with them 

20 they cannot fast. But 
a time will come when 
the bridegroom will 
be taken from them, 
and when that day 
comes, they will fast. 

21 No one sews a patch 
of unshrunken cloth 
on an old coat; or if 
he does, the patch 
tears away, the new 
from the old, and 
makes the hole worse 

22 than ever. And no 
one pours new wine 
into old wine-skins ; 
or if he does, the wine 
bursts the skins, and 
the wine is lost, and 
the skins too. New 
wine has to be put in- 
to fresh skins." 



days they will fast." 

se He used this figure al- 
so in speaking to 
them: "No one tears 
a piece from a new 
coat and sews it on an 
old one, or if he does, 
he will both tear the 
new one and the piece 
from the new one will 
not match the old one. 

37 And nobody puts new 
wine into old wine- 
skins, or if he does, the 
new wine will burst 
the skins and run out, 
and the skins will be 

ss spoiled. New wine has 
to be put into fresh 

39 skins. No one after 
drinking old wine 
wants new, for he 
says, 'The old is bet- 
ter!' " 



24. JESUS' REVOLUTIONARY INTERPRETATION 
OF THE SABBATH 



MATTHEW 12 : 1-8 

12 At that same time 
Jesus walked one Sab- 
bath through the 
wheat fields, and his 
disciples became hun- 
gry and began to 
pick the heads of 
wheat and eat them. 

2 But the Pharisees saw 
it and said to him, 
"Look! Your dis- 
ciples are doing some- 
thing which it is 
against the Law to do 

3 on the Sabbath !" But 
he said to them, "Did 
you never read what 
David did, when he 
and his companions 

4 were hungry? How is 



MARK 2: 23-28 

23 He happened to be 
passing through the 
wheat fields on the 
Sabbath, and his dis- 
ciples began to pick 
the heads of wheat as 
they made their way 

24 through. And the 
Pharisees said to him, 
"Look! Why are they 
doing what it is 
against the Law to do 

25 on the Sabbath?" He 
said to them, "Did 
you never read what 
David did, when 
he was in need and 
hungry, he and his 

26 men? How is it that 
he went into the house 



LUKE 6:1-5 

6 One Sabbath he 
happened to be pass- 
ing through the wheat 
fields and his disciples 
were picking the 
heads of wheat, and 
eating them, rubbing 
them in their hands. 

2 And some of the Phar- 
isees said, "Why do 
you do what it is 
against the Law to do 

3 on the Sabbath?" Je- 
sus answered, "Have 
you not read even 
what David did, when 
he and his companions 

4 were hungry? How he 
went into the house of 
God and took the 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



37 



of God when Abiathar 
was high priest, and 
ate the Presentation 
Loaves, which it is 
against the Law for 
anyone but the priests 
to eat, and gave some 
to his companions 

27 too?" And he said to 
them, "The Sabbath 
was made for man, 
not man for the Sab- 

28 bath, and so the Son 
of Man is master 
even of the Sabbath." 



Presentation Loaves, 
which it was against 
the Law for anyone 
but the priests to eat, 
and ate them with his 
s companions?" And 
he said to them, "The 
Son of Man is master 
of the Sabbath." 



it that he went into 
the House of God and 
that they ate the 
Presentation Loaves 
which it was against 
the Law for him and 
his companions to eat, 
or for anyone except 

s the priests? Or did 
you never read in the 
Law how the priests 
in the Temple are not 
guilty when they 
break the Sabbath? 

e But I tell you, there is 
something greater 
than the Temple here ! 

7 But if you knew what 
the saying means, 'It 
is mercy, not sacrifice, 
that I care for,' you 
would not have con- 
demned men who are 

s not guilty. For the 
Son of Man is master 
of the Sabbath." 



25. JESUS AROUSES THE ENMITY OF THE PHARISEES 
BY HIS ATTITUDE REGARDING THE SABBATH 



MATTHEW 12:9-21 

o And he left the 
place and went into 
their synagogue. 

10 There was a man 
there with one hand 
withered. And in or- 
der to get a charge to 
bring against him, 
they asked him, "Is it 
right to cure people on 

11 the Sabbath?" But 
he said to them, "Who 
among you if he has 
even a single sheep 
and it falls into a hole 
on the Sabbath, will 
not take hold of it and 

12 lift it out? And how 



MAEK3:l-6 

3 He went again to a 
synagogue, and there 
was a man there with 
one hand withered. 

2 And they were watch- 
ing him closely, to see 
whether he would cure 
him on the Sabbath, 
in order to get a 
charge to bring 

3 against him. He said 
to the man with the 
withered hand, "Get 
up and come for- 

4 ward." And he said 
to them, "Is it allow- 
able to do people 
good on the Sabbath, 



LUKE 6:6-11 

e On another Sab- 
bath he happened to 
go to the synagogue 
and teach. There was 
a man there whose 
right hand was with- 

7 ered. And the scribes 
and the Pharisees were 
on the watch to see 
whether he would cure 
people on the Sab- 
bath, in order to find 
a charge to bring 

s against him. But he 
knew what they were 
thinking, and he said 
to the man with the 
withered hand, "Get 



38 



The Student's Gospels 



much more a man is 
worth than a sheep! 
Therefore, it is right 
to do people good on 

13 the Sabbath." Then 
he said to the man, 
"Hold out your 
hand!" And he held 
it out, and it was re- 
stored and became 
as well as the other. 

14 But the Pharisees left 
the synagogue and 
consulted about him, 
with a view to putting 

is him to death. But Je- 
sus knew of this, and 
he left that place. 
And numbers of peo- 
ple followed him 
about, and he cured 
it them all, and warned 
them not to say any- 
17 thing about him in 
fulfilment of what was 
said by the prophet 
Isaiah, 

is "Here is my servant 
whom I have se- 
lected, 

My beloved, who 
delights my 
heart ! 
1 will endow him 

with my Spirit, 
And he will an- 
nounce a judg- 
ment to the 
heathen. 

19 He will not wrangle 
or make an out- 
cry, 

And no one will 
hear his voice in 
the streets; 
21) He will not break 

off a bent reed, 
And he will not put 



or to do them harm? 
To save life or to 
kill?" But they made 

s no answer. And he 
looked around at 
them with anger, hurt 
by their obstinacy, 
and he said to the 
man, "Hold out your 
hand!" And he held 
it out, and his hand 

e was cured. Then the 
Pharisees left the syn- 
agogues and immedi- 
ately consulted with 
the Herodians about 
Jesus, with a view to 
putting him to death. 



up and stand in 
front." And he got up 
9 and stood there. Jesus 
said to them, "I want 
to ask you, Is it allow- 
able on the Sabbath 
to do people good or 
to do them harm? To 
save life or destroy 

10 it?" And he looked 
around at them all 
and said to the man, 
"Hold out your 
hand!" And he did 
so, and his hand was 

11 restored. But they 
were perfectly furious, 
and discussed with 
one another what they 
could do to Jesus. 



The Beginning of Jesus' Work in Galilee 



39 



21 



out a smoldering 
wick, 

Until he carries his 
judgment to suc- 
cess. 

The heathen will 
rest their hopes 
on his name!" 



PART IV 
A PERIOD OF CONFLICT IN GALILEE 

FROM THE CHOICE OF THE TWELVE UNTIL THE 
WITHDRAWAL INTO NORTHERN GALILEE 

26. THE RAPID GROWTH OF HIS FOLLOWING 



MATTHEW 4:23-25 

23 Then he went all 
over Galilee, teaching 
in their synagogues 
and proclaiming the 
good news of the 
kingdom, and curing 
any disease or sick- 
ness among the peo- 

24 pie. Word went all 
through Syria about 
him, and people 
brought to him all 
who were suffering 
with any kind of dis- 
ease, or who were in 
great pain demo- 
niacs, epileptics, and 
paralytics and he 

25 cured them. Great 
crowds followed him 
about, from Galilee 
and the Ten Towns 
and Jerusalem and 
Judea and from the 
other side of the Jor- 
dan. 



MAKE 3: 7-12 

7 So Jesus retired 
with his disciples to 
the seashore, and a 
great many people 
from Galilee followed 
him, and from Judea 

s and Jerusalem and 
Idumea and from the 
other side of the Jor- 
dan and from the 
neighborhood of Tyre 
and Sidon a great 
many who had heard 
of the things he was 
doing came to him. 

9 He told his disciples 
to have a boat always 
ready for his use, to 
prevent his being 
crushed by the crowd. 

10 For he cured so many 
people that all who 
had any ailments 
pressed up to him to 

11 touch him. And 
whenever the foul 
spirits saw him, they 
fell down before him 
and screamed out, 
"You are the Son of 

12 God!" And he 
warned them repeat- 
edly not to tell who he 
was. 



40 



LUKE 6:17-19 

17 And he came down 
with them and took 
his stand on a level 
place with a great 
throng of his disciples, 
and a large number of 
people from all over 
Judea and from Jeru- 
salem and the sea- 
coast district of Tyre 
and Sidon, who had 
come to hear him and 
to be cured of their 

is diseases. And those 
who were troubled 
with foul spirits were 

19 cured. And all the 
people tried to touch 
him, because power 
went forth from him 
and cured them all. 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



41 



27. THE SELECTION OF THE TWELVE 



MATTHEW 10:1-4 

10 Then he called his 
twelve disciples to 
him and gave them 
power over the foul 
spirits so that they 
could drive them out, 
and so that they could 
heal any disease or ill- 

2 ness. These are the 
names of the twelve 
apostles: first, Simon, 
who was called Pe- 
ter, and his brother 
Andrew, and James 
the son of Zebedee 
and his brother John, 

a Philip and Bartholo- 
mew, Thomas and 
Matthew the tax-col- 
lector, James the son 
of Alpheus and Thad- 

4 deus, Simon the Zeal- 
ot and Judas Iscariot 
who afterward be- 
trayed him. 



MAKE 3 : 13-19a 

13 And he went up the 
hillside and sum- 
moned to him those 
whom he wanted, and 

14 they went to him. He 
appointed twelve of 
them, whom he called 
apostles, to be with 
him and to be sent 

is out to preach, with 
power to drive out the 

IB demons. These were 
the twelve he appoint- 
ed: Peter, which was 
the name he gave to 

17 Simon, James the son 
of Zebedee, and John, 
James's brother (he. 
named them Boa- 
nerges, that is Sons of 

is Thunder), Andrew, 
Philip, Bartholomew, 
Matthew, Thomas, 
James the son of Al- 
pheus, Thaddeus, Si- 

mon the Zealot, and 
Judas Iscariot, who 
betrayed him. 



LUKE 6 : 12-16 

12 It was in those days 
that he went up on 
the mountain to pray, 
and passed the whole 
night in prayer to 

13 God. When day 
came, he called his 
disciples to him, and 
chose twelve of them 
whom he named apos- 

14 ties: Simon, whom 
he named Peter, his 
brother Andrew, 
James, John, Philip, 

is Bartholomew, Mat- 
thew, Thomas, James, 
the son of Alpheus, Si- 
mon, who was called 

IB the Zealot, Judas, the 
son of James, and 
Judas Iscariot, who 
turned out a traitor. 



28. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT 



MATTHEW 5 : 1 8 : 1 
5 When he saw the 
crowds of people he 
went up on the moun- 
tain. There he seated 
himself, and when his 
disciples had come up 

2 to him, he opened his 
lips to teach them. 

3 And he said, "Blessed 
are those who feel 
their spiritual need, 
for the Kingdom of 
Heaven belongs to 

4 them ! Blessed are the 



LUKE 6:20-49 

20 Then he fixed his 
eyes on his disciples, 
and said, "Blessed are 
you who are poor, for 
the Kingdom of God 

21 is yours! Blessed are 
you who are hungry 
now, for you will be 
satisfied! Blessed are 
you who weep now, 
for you will laugh! 

22 Blessed are you when 
people hate you and 
exclude you and de- 



42 



The Student's Gospels 



mourners, for they 
will be consoled ! 

s Blessed are the hum- 
ble-minded, for they 
will possess the land! 

e Blessed are those who 
are hungry and thirsty 
for uprightness, for 
they will be satisfied! 

7 Blessed are the merci- 
ful, for they will be 
shown mercy! 

s Blessed are the pure 
in heart, for they will 

9 see God! Blessed are 
the peacemakers, for 
they will be called 

10 God's sons! Blessed 
are those who have 
endured persecution 
for then- uprightness, 
for the Kingdom of 
Heaven belongs to 

11 them! Blessed are 
you when people 
abuse you, and perse- 
cute you, and falsely 
say everything bad of 
you, on my account. 

12 Be glad and exult 
over it, for you will be 
richly rewarded in 
heaven, for that is the 
way they persecuted 
the prophets who 

is went before you ! You 
are the salt of the 
earth! But if salt loses 
its strength, how can 
it be made salt again? 
It is good for nothing 
but to be thrown 
away and trodden 

14 underfoot. You are 
the light of the world ! 
A city that is built 
upon a hill cannot be 

is hidden. People do not 
light a lamp and put it 



nounce you and spurn 
the name you bear as 
evil, on account of the 

23 Son of Man. Be glad 
when that happens, 
and leap for joy, for 
you will be richly re- 
warded in heaven, for 
that is the way their 
forefathers treated the 

24 prophets. But alas for 
you who are rich, for 
you have had your 

2s comfort ! Alas for you 
who have plenty to 
eat now, for you will 
be hungry! Alas for 
you who laugh now, 
for you will mourn 

26 and weep ! Alas for 
you when everyone 
speaks well of you, for 
that is the way their 
forefathers treated the 

27 false prophets! But 
I tell you who hear 
me, love your ene- 
mies, treat those who 

28 hate you well, bless 
those who curse you, 
pray for those who 

29 abuse you. To the 
man that strikes you 
on the cheek, offer the 
other also, and from 
the man who takes 
away your coat, do 
not keep back your 

30 shirt either. Give to 
everyone that asks of 
you, and if anyone 
takes away what is 
yours, do not demand 

31 it back. And treat 
men just as you wish 
them to treat you. 

32 If you love only those 
who love you, what 
merit is there in that? 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



43 



under a peck-meas- 
ure; they put it on its 
stand and it gives light 
to everyone in the 

16 house. Your light 
must burn in that 
way among men so 
that they will see the 
good you do, and 
praise your Father in 
heaven. 

17 "Do not suppose 
that I have come to 
do away with the Law 
or the Prophets. I 
have not come to do 
away with them but 

is to enforce them. For 
I tell you, as long as 
heaven and earth en- 
dure, not one dotting 
of an i or crossing of a 
t will be dropped from 
the Law until it is all 

ID observed. Anyone, 
therefore, who weak- 
ens one of the slight- 
est of these commands, 
and teaches others to 
do so, will be ranked 
lowest in the King- 
dom of Heaven; but 
anyone who observes 
them and teaches 
others to do so will be 
ranked high in the 
Kingdom of Heaven. 

20 For I tell you that un- 
less your uprightness 
is far superior to that 
of the scribes and 
Pharisees, you will 
never even enter the 
Kingdom of Heaven! 

21 You have heard that 
the men of old were 
told 'You shall not 
murder,' and 'Who- 
ever murders will have 



For even godless peo- 
ple love those who 

33 love them. And if you 
help only those who 
help you, what merit 
is there in that? Even 
godless people act in 

34 that way. And if you 
lend only to people 
from whom you ex- 
pect to get something, 
what merit is there in 
that? Even godless 
people lend to godless 
people, meaning to 
get it back again in 

35 full. But love your 
enemies, and help 
them and lend to 
them, never despair- 
ing, and you will be 
richly rewarded, and 
you will be sons of the 
Most High, for he is 
kind even to the un- 
grateful and the wick- 

se ed. You must be 
merciful, just as your 

37 Father is. Do not 
judge others, and they 
will not judge you. 
Do not condemn 
them, and they will 
not condemn you. 
Excuse others and 
they will excuse you. 

ss Give, and they will 
give to you; good 
measure, pressed 
down, shaken togeth- 
er, and running over, 
they will pour into 
your lap. For the 
measure you use with 
others they in turn 
will use with you." 

39 And he used a figure, 
saying, "Can one 
blind man lead an- 



44 



The Student's Gospels 



to answer to the 

22 court.' But I tell 
you that anyone who 
gets angry with his 
brother will have to 
answer to the court, 
and anyone who 
speaks contemptuous- 
ly to his brother will 
have to answer to the 
great council, and 
anyone who says to 
his brother 'You 
cursed fool !' will have 
to answer for it in the 

23 fiery pit ! So when you 
are presenting your 
gift at the altar, if 
you remember that 
your brother has any 
grievance against you, 

24 leave your gift right 
there before the altar 
and go and make up 
with your brother ; 
then come back and 

25 present your gift. Be 
quick and come to 
terms with your op- 
ponent while you are 
on the way to court 
with him, or he may 
hand you over to the 
judge, and the judge 
may hand you over to 
the officer, and you 
will be thrown into 

26 prison. I tell you, you 
will never get out 
again until you have 
paid the last penny! 

27 You have heard that 
men were told 
'You shall not com- 

2s mit adultery." But I 
tell you that anyone 
who looks at a woman 
with desire has al- 
ready committed 



other? Will they not 
both fall into a hole? 

40 A pupil is not better 
than his teacher, but 
every pupil when he is 
fully trained will be 

41 like his teacher. Why 
do you keep looking 
at the speck in your 
brother's eye, and pay 
no attention to the 
beam that is in your 

42 own? How can you 
say to your brother, 
'Brother, just let me 
get that speck out of 
your eye,' when you 
cannot see the beam 
in your own eye? You 
hypocrite ! First get 
the beam out of your 
own eye, and then you 
can see to get the 
speck in your broth- 

43 er's eye. For sound 
trees do not bear bad 
fruit, nor bad trees 

44 sound fruit. Every 
tree is known by its 
fruit. They do not 
pick figs off thorns, or 
gather grapes from 

45 brambles. A good 
man, out of the good 
he has accumulated in 
his heart, produces 
good, and a bad man, 
out of what he has 
accumulated that is 
bad, produces what 
is bad. For his mouth 
says only what his 

46 heart is full of. Why 
do you call me: 'Lord ! 
Lord!' and not do 

47 what I tell you? If 
anyone comes to me 
and listens to this 
teaching of mine and 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



45 



adultery with her in 

29 his heart. But if your 
right eye makes you 
fall, tear it out and 
throw it away, for 
you might better lose 
one part of your body 
than have it all 
thrown into the pit! 

30 If your right hand 
makes you fall, cut it 
off and throw it away, 
for you might better 
lose one part of your 
body than have it all 
go down to the pit! 

si They were told, 'Any- 
one who divorces his 
wife must give her a 
certificate of divorce." 

32 But I tell you that 
anyone who divorces 
his wife on any 
ground, except un- 
faithfulness, makes 
her commit adultery, 
and anyone who mar- 
ries her after she is 
divorced commits 

33 adultery. Again, you 
have heard that the 
men of old were told, 
'You shall not swear 
falsely, but you must 
fulfil your oaths to 

34 the Lord.' But I tell 
you not to swear at 
all, either by heaven, 
for it is God's throne, 

as or by the earth, for it 
is his footstool, or by 
Jerusalem, for it is the 
city of the great king. 

sa You must not swear 
by your own head, for 
you cannot make one 
single hair white or 

37 black. But your way 
of speaking must be 



acts upon it, I will 
show you whom he is 

48 like. He is like a man 
who was building a 
house, who dug deep 
and laid his founda- 
tion upon the rock, 
and when there was a 
flood the torrent burst 
upon that house and 
could not shake it, be- 
cause it was well built. 

49 But the man who lis- 
tens to it, and does 
not act upon it, is like 
a man who built a 
house on the ground 
without any founda- 
tion. The torrent burst 
upon it, and it col- 
lapsed at once, and 
the wreck of that 
house was complete." 



46 



The Student's Gospels 



'Yes' or 'No.' Any- 
thing that goes be- 
yond that comes from 
as the evil one. You 
have heard that they 
were told, 'An eye for 
an eye and a tooth for 

39 a tooth.' But I tell 
you not to resist in- 
jury, but if anyone 
strikes you on your 
right cheek, turn the 

40 other to him too; and 
if anyone wants to sue 
for your shirt, let him 
have your coat too. 

41 And if anyone forces 
you to go one mile, go 
two miles with him. 

42 If anyone begs from 
you, give to him, and 
when anyone wants 
to borrow from you, 
do not turn away. 

43 You have heard that 
they were told, 'You 
must love your neigh- 
bor and hate your 

44 enemy.' But I tell 
you, love your enemies 
and pray for your per- 

45 secutors, so that you 
may show yourselves 
true sons of your 
Father in heaven, for 
he makes his sun rise 
on bad and good 
alike, and makes the 
rain fall on the up- 
right and the wrong- 

46 doers. For if you love 
only those who love 
you, what reward can 
you expect? Do not 
the very tax-collectors 

47 do that? And if you 
are polite to your 
brothers and no one 
else, what is there re- 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



47 



markable in that? Do 
not the very heathen 

48 do that? So you are 
to be perfect, as your 
heavenly Father is. 

6 "But take care not 
to do your good deeds 
in public for people to 
see, for, if you do, you 
will get no reward 
from your Father in 

2 heaven. So when you 
are going to give to 
charity, do not blow 
a trumpet before 
yourself, as the hypo- 
crites do, in the syna- 
gogues and the streets, 
to make people praise 
them. I tell you, that 
is all the reward they 

3 will get! But when 
you give to charity, 
your own left hand 
must not know what 
your right hand is 

4 doing, so that your 
charity may be secret, 
and your Father who 
sees what is secret will 

5 reward you. When 
you pray, you must 
not be like the hypo- 
crites, for they like to 
pray standing in the 
synagogues and in the 
corners of the squares, 
to let people see them. 
I tell you, that is the 
only reward they will 

e get! But when you 
pray, go into your 
own room, and shut 
the door, and pray to 
your Father who is 
unseen, and -your Fa- 
ther who sees what 
is secret will reward 

7 you. And when you 



48 



The Student's Gospels 



pray, do not repeat 
empty phrases as the 
heathen do, for they 
imagine that their 
prayers will be heard 
if they use words 
s enough. You must 
not be like them. For 
God, who is j'our 
Father, knows what 
you need before you 
a ask him. This, there- 
fore, is the way you 
are to pray: 
'Our Father in heav- 
en, 

Your name be re- 
vered ! 
10 Your kingdom 

come! 

Your will be done 
on earth as it is 
done in heaven ! 
a Give us today bread 

for the day, 

12 And forgive us our 
debts, as we have 
forgiven our debt- 
ors. 

is And do not subject 

us to temptation, 

But save us from 

the evil one.' 
H For if you forgive 
others when they of- 
fend you, your heav- 
enly Father will for- 
is give you too. But if 
you do not forgive 
others when they 
offend you, your heav- 
enly Father will not 
forgive you for j^our 
IB offenses. When you 
fast, do not put on a 
gloomy look, like the 
hypocrites, for they 
neglect their personal 
appearance to let peo- 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



49 



pie see that they are 
fasting. I tell you, 
that is all the reward 

n they will get. But 
when you fast, per- 
fume your hair and 

is wash your face, so that 
no one may see that 
you are fasting, except 
your Father who is 
unseen, and your Fa- 
ther who sees what is 
secret, will reward 

is you. Do not store up 
your riches on earth, 
where moths and rust 
destroy them, and 
where thieves break 
in and steal them, 

20 but store up your 
riches in heaven, 
where moths and rust 
cannot destroy them, 
and where thieves 
cannot break in and 

21 steal them. For wher- 
ever your treasure is, 
your heart will be al- 

22 so. The eye is the 
lamp of the body. If 
then your eye is 
sound, your whole 
body will be light, 

23 but if your eye is un- 
sound, your whole 
body will be dark. If, 
therefore, your very 
light is darkness, how 
deep the darkness will 

24 be! No slave can be- 
long to two masters, 
for he will either hate 
one and love the 
other, or stand by one 
and make light of the 
other. You cannot 
serve God and money. 

25 Therefore, I tell you, 
do not worry about 



50 



The Student's Gospels 



life, wondering what 
you will have to eat 
or drink, or about 
your body, wondering 
what you will have to 
wear. Is not life more 
important than food, 
and the body than 

26 clothes? Look at the 
wild birds. They do 
not sow or reap, or 
store their food in 
barns, and yet your 
heavenly Father feeds 
them. Are you not of 
more account than 

27 they? But which of 
you with all his worry 
can add a single hour 

28 to his life? Why 
should you worry 
about clothing? See 
how the wild flowers 
grow. They do not 

29 toil or spin, and yet I 
tell you, even Solo- 
mon in all his splen- 
dor was never dressed 

so like one of them. But 
if God so beautifully 
dresses the wild grass, 
which is alive today 
and is thrown into the 
furnace tomorrow, 
will he not much more 
surely clothe you, you 
who have so little 

31 faith? So do not 
worry and say, 'What 
shall we have to eat?' 
or 'What shall we 
have to drink?' or 
'What shall we have 

32 to wear?' For these 
are all things the 
heathen are in pur- 
suit of, and your 
heavenly Father 
knows well that you i 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



51 



33 need all this. But 
you must make his 
kingdom, and up- 
rightness before him, 
your greatest care, 
and you will have all 
these other things be- 

34 sides. So do not wor- 
ry about tomorrow, 
for tomorrow will 
have worries of its 
own. Let each day be 
content with its own 
ills. 

7 "Pass no more 
judgments upon other 
people, so that you 
may not have judg- 
ment passed upon 

2 you. For you will be 
judged by the stand- 
ard you judge by, and 
men will pay you 
back with the same 
measure you have 

3 used with them. Why 
do you keep looking 
at the speck in your 
brother's eye, and 
pay no attention to 
the beam that is in 

4 your own? How can 
you say to your broth- 
er, 'Just let me get 
that speck out of your 
eye,' when all the 
time there is a beam 

s in your own? You 
hypocrite ! First get 
the beam out of your 
own eye, and then you 
can see to get the 
speck out of your 

e brother's eye. Do not 
give what is sacred to 
dogs, and do not 
throw your pearls be- 
fore pigs, or they will 
trample them under 



52 



The Student's Gospels 



their feet and turn 
and tear you in pieces. 

7 Ask, and what you 
ask will be given you. 
Search, and you will 
find what you search 
for. Knock, and the 
door will open to you. 

s For it is always the 
one who asks who re- 
ceives, and the one 
who searches who 
finds, and the one who 
knocks to whom the 

9 door opens. Which of 
you men when his son 
asks him for some 
bread will give him a 

10 stone? Or if he asks 
for a fish, will he give 

11 him a snake? So if 
you, bad as you are, 
know enough to give 
your children what is 
good, how much more 
surely will your Fa- 
ther in heaven give 
what is good to those 
who ask him for it! 

12 Therefore, you must 
always .treat other 
people as you would 
like to have them 
treat you, for this 
sums up the Law and 

is the Prophets. Go in 
at the narrow gate. 
For the road that 
leads to destruction 
is broad and spacious, 
arid there are many 

i4 who go in by it. But 
the gate is narrow and 
the road is hard that 
leads to life, and there 
are few that find it. 

is Beware of the false 
prophets, who come 
to you disguised as 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



53 



sheep but are raven- 
ous wolves under- 

16 neath. You can tell 
them by their fruit. 
Do people pick grapes 
off thorns, or figs off 

IT thistles? Just so any 
sound tree bears good 
fruit, but a poor tree 

is bears bad fruit. No 
sound tree can bear 
bad fruit, and no poor 
tree can bear good 

19 fruit. Any tree that 
does not bear good 
fruit is cut down and 

20 burned. So you can 
tell them by their 

21 fruit. It is not every- 
one who says to me 
'Lord! Lord!' who 
will get into the King- 
dom of Heaven, but 
only those who do the 
will of my Father in 

22 heaven. Many will 
say to me on that 
Day, 'Lord ! Lord ! 
Was it not in your 
name that we prophe- 
sied, and by your 
name that we did 
many mighty acts?' 

23 Then I will say to 
them plainly, 'I never 
knew you! Go away 
from me, you who do 

24 wrong!" Everyone, 
therefore, who listens 
to this teaching of 
mine and acts upon 
it, will be like a sensi- 
ble man who built his 

25 house on rock. And 
the rain fell, and the 
rivers rose, and the 
winds blew, .and beat 
about that house, and 
it did not go down, 



The Student's Gospels 



for its foundations 

26 were on rock. And 
anyone who listens to 
this teaching of mine 
and does not act upon 
it, will be like a foolish 
man who built his 

27 house on sand. And 
the rain fell and the 
rivers rose, and the 
winds blew and beat 
about that house, and 
it went down, and its 
downfall was com- 

28 plete." When Jesus 
had finished this dis- 
course, the crowds 
were astounded at his 

29 teaching, for he 
taught them like one 
who had authority 
and not like their 

8 scribes. When Jesus 
came down from the 
mountain, great 
crowds of people fol- 
lowed him. 



29. A CENTURION ACCEPTS JESUS AS A COMMANDER..,- 



MATTHEW 8 : 5-13 

s When he got back 
to Capernaum, a Ro- 
man captain came up 
and appealed to him, 

e saying, "My servant, 
sir, is lying sick with 
paralysis at my house, 

7 in great distress." He 
said to him, "I will 
come and cure him." 

s But the captain an- 
swered, "I am not a 
suitable person, sir, to 
have you come under 
my roof, but simply 
say the word, and my 
servant will be cured. 

9 For I am myself under 



LTJKE 7 : 1-10 

7 When he had fin- 
ished saying all this in 
the hearing of the peo- 
ple, he went to Caper- 

2 naum. A Roman cap- 
tain had a slave whom 
he thought a great 
deal of, and the slave 
was sick and at the 

a point of death. When 
the captain heard 
about Jesus, he sent 
some Jewish elders to 
him, to ask him to 
come and save his 

4 slave's life. And they 
went to Jesus and 
urged him strongly to 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



55 



the orders of others 
and I have soldiers 
under me, and I tell 
one to go, and he goes, 
and another to come, 
and he comes, and my 
slave to do something, 
and he does it." 

10 When Jesus heard this 
he was astonished and 
said to his followers, 
"I tell you, I have not 
found anyone in Israel 
with such faith as this. 

11 And I tell you, many 
will come from the 
east and from the 
west and take their 
places at the feast 
with Abraham, Isaac, 
and Jacob, in the 
Kingdom of Heaven, 

12 while the heirs to the 
kingdom will be driv- 
en into the darkness 
outside, there to weep 
and grind their teeth !" 

is Then Jesus said to 
the captain, "Go! 
You shall find it just 
as you believe!" And 
the servant was im- 
mediately cured. 



do it, and said, "He 
deserves to have you 
s do this for him, for he 
loves our nation, and 
it was he who built us 

6 our synagogue." So 
Jesus went with them. 
But when he was not 
far from the house, 
the captain sent some 
friends to him, to say 
to him, "Master, do 
not take any more 
trouble, for I am not 
a suitable person to 
have you under my 

7 roof. That is why I 
did not think I was fit 
to come to you. But 
simply say the word, 
and have my servant 

s cured. For I am my- 
self under the orders of 
others, and I have sol- 
diers under me, and I 
tell one to go, and he 
goes, and another to 
come, and he comes, 
and my slave to do 
something, and he 

o does it." When Jesus 
heard this, he was 
astonished at him, 
and turning to the 
crowd that was fol- 
lowing him, he said, 
"I tell you, I have not 
found such faith as 
this even hi Israel!" 
10 And when the mes- 
sengers went back to 
the house, they found 
the slave well. 



56 



The Student's Gospels 



30. JESUS ACCEPTED AS A GREAT PROPHET 



LUKE 7: 11-17 

11 Soon afterward he 
happened to go to a 
town called Nain, and 
his disciples and a great 
throng of people were 

12 with him. As he came 
up to the gate of the 
town, a dead man was 
being carried out; he 
was his mother's only 
son, and she was a 
widow. A crowd of 
the townspeople was 

is with her. And when 
the Master saw her, 
he pitied her, and said 
to her, "Do not weep." 
14 And he went up and 
touched the bier, and 
the bearers stopped. 
And he said, "Young 
man, I tell you, wake 
is up!" And the dead 
man sat up and began 
to speak, and he gave 
him back to his moth- 
is er. And they were all 
overcome with awe 
and they praised God, 
and said, "A great 
prophet has appeared 
among us!" and "God 
has not forgotten his 
17 people!" This story 
about him spread all 
over Judea and the 
surrounding country. 



31. THE UNCERTAINTY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST 

MATTHEW 1 1 : 2-19 LTTKE 7 : 18-35 

Now when John 



heard in prison of 

what the Christ was 

doing, he sent by his 

s disciples and said to 



is John's disciples told 
19 him of all this, and he 
called two of them to 
him, and sent them to 
the Master to ask 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



57 



him, "Are you the one 
who was to come, or 
should we look for 

4 someone else?" Jesus 
answered, "Go and re- 
port to John what you 

a hear and see. The 
blind are regaining 
their sight and the 
lame can .walk, the 
lepers are being cured 
and the deaf can hear, 
the dead are being 
raised and good news 
is being preached to 

G the poor. And blessed 
is the man who finds 
nothing that repels 

7 him in me." But as 
they were going away, 
Jesus began to speak 
to the crowds about 
John. "What was it 
that you went out into 
the desert to look at? 
A reed swaying in the 

s wind? Then what did 
you go out there to 
see? A man luxurious- 
ly dressed? Men who 
dress in that way you 
find in the palaces of 

9 kings. Then why did 
you go out there? 
Was it to see a proph- 
et? Yes, I tell you, 
and far more than a 

10 prophet! This is the 
man of whom the 
Scripture says, 

'Here I send my 
messenger on be- 
fore you; 

He will prepare the 
road ahead of 
you.' 

11 I tell you, among men 
born of women no 
greater than John the 



him, "Are you the one 
who was to come, or 
should we look for 

20 someone else?" And 
the men went to him 
and said, "John the 
Baptist sent us to you 
to ask, 'Are you the 
one who was to come, 
or should we look for 

21 someone else?' " Just 
then he cured many 
of diseases and ail- 
ments and evil spirits, 
and he gave sight to 
many who were blind. 

22 And he answered 
them, "Go and report 
to John what you 
have seen and heard. 
The blind are regain- 
ing their sight, the 
lame can walk, the 
lepers are being cured 
and the deaf can hear, 
the dead are being 
raised and good news 
is being preached to 

23 the poor. And blessed 
is the man who finds 
nothing that repels 

24 him in me." When 
John's messengers 

were gone, he began 
to speak to the crowds 
about John. "What 
was it that you went 
out into the desert to 
look at? A reed sway- 

25 ing in the wind? Then 
what did you go out 
there to see? A man 
luxuriously dressed? 
Men who wear fine 
clothes and live in 
luxury you find in 

26 palaces. Then what 
did you go out there 
to see? A prophet? 



58 



The Student's Gospels 



Baptist has ever ap- 
peared. And yet those 
who are of little im- 
portance in the King- 
dom of Heaven are 

12 greater than he. But 
from the time of John 
the Baptist until now 
men have been taking 
the Kingdom of Heav- 
en by storm and im- 
petuously crowding 

is into it. For up to the 
time of John all the 
Prophets and the Law 
itself prophesied 

14 about it, and, if you 
are ready to accept 
the idea, he is himself 
Elijah who was to 

is come. Let him who 

le has ears listen ! But 
to what can I com- 
pare this present age? 
It is like children sit- 
ting about in the ba- 
zaars and calling out 
to their playmates, 

i? 'We have played the 
flute for you, and 
you would not 
dance ! 

We have wailed and 
you would not 
beat your 
breasts !' 

is For when John came, 
he neither ate nor 
drank, and people 
said, 'He has a de- 

19 mon !' Now that the 
Son of Man has come, 
he does eat and drink, 
and people say, 'Look 
at him ! A glutton and 
a drinker, the com- 
panion of tax-collec- 
tors and irreligious 
people !' And yet 



Yes, I tell you, and 
far more than a proph- 

27 et ! This is the man of 
whom the Scripture 
says, 

'Here I send my 
messenger on be- 
fore you, 

He will .prepare the 
road ahead of 
you !' 

28 "I tell you, among 
men born of women 
there is none greater 
than John; and yet 
those who are of little 
importance in the 
Kingdom of God are 

29 greater than he. And 
all the people, even 
the tax-collectors, 
when they heard him, 
acknowledged the jus- 
tice of God's de- 
mands, by accepting 
baptism from John, 

so but the Pharisees and 
experts in the Law 
thwarted God's pur- 
pose for themselves, 
by refusing to be bap- 

31 tized by him. So what 
is there to which I can 
compare the men of 
this age? What are 

32 they like? They are 
like children sitting 
about in the bazaar 
and calling out to one 
another, 

'We have played the 
flute for you, and 
you would not 
dance ! 

We have wailed and 
you would not 
weep !' 

33 "For when John the 
Baptist came, he did 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



59 



Wisdom is vindicated 
by her actions!" 



not eat any bread 
or drink any wine, 
and you said, 'He 

34 has a demon !' Now 
that the Son of Man 
has come, he does eat 
and drink, and you 
say, 'Look at him! A 
glutton and a drinker, 
the companion of tax- 
collectors and irreli- 

35 gious people !' So wis- 
dom is vindicated by 
all who are really 
wise." 



32. THE LOVING FAITH OF A FORGIVEN WOMAN 



[See 96] 



[See 96] 



LTJKE 7:36-50 

se One of the Phari- 
sees asked him to have 
dinner with him, and 
he went to the Phari- 
see's house and took 
his place at the table. 

37 Now there was a 
woman in the town 
who was leading a sin- 
ful life, and when she 
learned that he was 
having dinner at the 
Pharisee's house, she 
got an alabaster flask 

ss of perfume, and came 
and stood behind him 
at his feet, weeping, 
and began to wet his 
feet with her tears, and 
she wiped them with 
her hair, and kissed 
them, and put the per- 

39 fume on them. When 
the Pharisee who had 
invited him saw this, 
he said to himself, 
"If this man were 
really a prophet, he 
would know who and 
what the woman is 



60 



The Student's Gospels 



who is touching him, 
for she leads a wicked 

40 life." Jesus answered 
him, and said to him, 
"Simon, there is some- 
thing I want to say to 
you." He said, "Pro- 

41 ceed, Master." "Two 
men were in debt to a 
money-lender. One 
owed him a hundred 
dollars and the other 

42 ten. As they could 
not pay him, he can- 
celed what they owed 
him. Now which of 
them will be more at- 

43 tached to him?" Si- 
mon answered, "The 
one, I suppose, for 
whom he canceled 
most." "You are 

44 right," he said. And 
turning to the woman, 
he said to Simon, "Do 
you see this woman? 
I came to your house; 
you did not give me 
any water for my feet, 
but she has wet my 
feet with tears and 
wiped them with her 

45 hair. You did not give 
me a kiss, but from 
the moment I came in 
she has not stopped 

46 kissing my feet. You 
did not put any oil up- 
on my head, but she 
has put perfume upon 

47 my feet. Therefore, I 
tell you, her sins, 
many as they are, are 
forgiven, for she has 
loved me so much. 
But the man with 
little to be forgiven 
loves me but little." 

48 And he said to her, 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



61 



"Your sins are for- 
49 given!" The men at 
table with him began 
to say to themselves, 
' 'Who is this man, who 
even forgives sins?" 
so But he said to the 
woman, "It is your 
faith that has saved 
you. Go in peace." 



33. THE INTIMATE FRIENDS OF JESUS 



LUKE 8 : 1-3 



8 



Soon afterward he 
went about among the 
villages and towns 
preaching and telling 
the good news of the 
Kingdom of God. 
The Twelve went with 

2 him, and some women 
who had been cured of 
evil spirits and sick- 
ness Mary, who was 
called Mary of Mag- 
dala, out of whom 
seven demons had 

3 been driven, and Jo- 
anna, the wife of 
Chuza, Herod's man- 
ager, and Susanna, 
and many others, who 
provided for them 
with their means. 



34. THE DANGER OF WILFUL UNBELIEF 



MATTHEW 12:22-45 

22 At that time some 
people brought to him 
a man blind and 
dumb, who was pos- 
sessed by a demon, 
and he cured him, so 
that the dumb man 
could speak and see. 

23 And all the crowds 
of people were as- 



MARK 3: 196-30 

6 Then he went home. 

20 And again the crowd 
gathered in such num- 
bers that there was no 
chance for them even 
to have their meals. 

21 His relatives heard of 
it and came over to 
stop him, for they 
said he was out of his 



LTTKE 11:14-36 

14 Once he was driving 
out a dumb demon, 
and when the demon 
was gone the dumb 
man spoke. And the 
people were amazed. 

is But some of them said, 
"It is with the aid of 
Beelzebub, the prince 
of the demons, that he 



62 



The Student's Gospels 



tounded, and said, 
"Can this be the Son 

24 of David?" But when 
the Pharisees heard of 
it they said, "This 
man cannot drive out 
demons except by the 
aid of Beelzebub, the 
prince of the demons." 

25 But he knew what 
they were thinking, 
and he said to them, 
"Any kingdom that 
is disunited is on the 
way to destruction, 
and any city or house- 
hold that is disunited 

26 cannot last. If Satan 
is driving Satan out, 
he is disunited, and 
so how can his king- 

27 dom last? And if I am 
driving the demons 
out by Beelzebub's 
aid, by whose aid do 
your sons drive them 
out? Therefore let 
them be your judges. 

as But if I am driving 
the demons out by the 
aid of God's Spirit, 
then the Kingdom of 
God has overtaken 
29 you. How can any- 
one get into a strong 
man's house and carry 
off his property unless 
he first binds the 
strong man? After 
that he can plunder 
so his house. Anyone 
who is not with me is 
against me, and any- 
one who does not join 
me in gathering, scat- 
si ters. Therefore, I tell 
you, men will be for- 
given for any sin or 
abusive speech, but 



22 mind. And the scribes 
who had come down 
from Jerusalem said 
that he was possessed 
by Beelzebub and 
drove out demons by 
the help of the prince 

23 of demons. So he 
called them to him 
and spoke to them in 
figures, saying, "How 
can Satan drive Satan 

24 out? If a kingdom is 
disunited, that king- 
dom cannot last. 

2s And if a household 
is disunited, that 
household cannot last. 

28 And if Satan has re- 
belled against himself 
and become disunited, 
he cannot last but is 
coming to his end. 

27 But no one can go 
into a strong man's 
house and carry off his 
property unless he 
first binds the strong 
man; after that he 
can plunder his house. 

28 I tell you, men will be 
forgiven for every- 
thing, for all their 
sins and all the abu- 
sive things they say. 

29 But whoever reviles 
the holy Spirit can 
never be forgiven, but 
is guilty of an unend- 

30 ing sin." This was 
because they said, 
"He is possessed by a 
foul spirit." 



drives the demons 
is out." Others to test 
him asked him for a 
17 sign from heaven. But 
he knew what they 
were thinking, and he 
said to them, "Any 
kingdom that is disu- 
nited is on the way to 
destruction, and one 
house falls after an- 
is other. And if Satan is 
disunited, how can 
his kingdom last? Be- 
cause you say that I 
drive out demons with 

19 Beelzebub's aid. But 
if it is with his aid 
that I drive out de- 
mons, by whose do 
your sons drive them 
out? Therefore, they 
shall be your judges. 

20 But if it is with the 
finger of God that I 
am driving the de- 
mons out, then the 
Kingdom of God has 

21 overtaken you. When 
a strong man fully 
armed guards his own 
dwelling, his property 

22 is undisturbed. But 
when somebody 
stronger than he at- 
tacks him and over- 
comes him, he strips 
him of the arms that 
he relied on, and di- 
vides up the spoils. 

23 Anyone who is not 
with me is against me, 
and anyone who does 
not join me in gather- 

24 ing, scatters. When 
a foul spirit goes out 
of a man it roams 
through deserts in 
search of rest, and 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



63 



abusive speech 
about the Spirit can- 

32 not be forgiven. And 
whoever speaks 
against the Son of 
Man will be forgiven 
for it, but whoever 
speaks against the 
holy Spirit cannot be 
forgiven for it, either 
in this world or in the 

33 world to come. You 
must either make the 
tree sound and its 
fruit sound, or make 
the tree bad and its 
fruit bad; a tree is 
judged by its fruit. 

34 You brood of snakes ! 
how can you, bad as 
you are, utter any- 
thing good? For the 
mouth says only what 

35 the heart is full of. A 
good man, out of the 
good he has accumu- 
lated, brings out 
things that are good, 
and a bad man, out of 
what he has accumula- 
ted that is bad, brings 
out things that are 

SB bad. But I tell you, 
for every careless 
word that men utter 
they will have to an- 
swer on the Day of 

37 Judgment. For it is 
by your words that 
you will be acquitted, 
or by your words that 
you will be con- 

ss demned." Then some 
of the scribes and 
Pharisees addressed 
him, saying, "Master, 
we would like to have 
you show us some 

39 sign." But he an- 



when it finds none, it 
says, 'I will go back to 
my house that I left.' 

25 And it goes and finds 
it unoccupied, cleaned, 
and all in order. 

26 Then it goes and gets 
seven other spirits 
more wicked than it- 
self, and they go in 
and live there, and in 
the end the man is 
worse off than he 

27 was before." As he 
said this, a woman in 
the crowd raised her 
voice and said to 
him, "Blessed is the 
mother who bore you 
and nursed you!" 

28 But he said, "You 
might better say, 
'Blessed are those who 
hear God's message 

29 and observe it!' " As 
the crowds pressed 
around him, he went 
on to say, "This is a 
wicked age! It de- 
mands a sign, and no 
sign will be given it 
but the sign of Jonah. 

so For just as Jonah be- 
came a sign to the 
people of Nineveh, so 
the Son of Man will 
be a sign to this age. 

31 The queen of the 
south will rise with 
the men of this gene- 
ration at the Judg- 
ment and will con- 
demn them, for she 
came from the very 
ends of the earth to 
listen to Solomon's 
wisdom, and there is 
more than Solomon 

32 here ! Men of Nineveh 



64 



The Student's Gospels 



swered, "Only a wick- 
ed and faithless age 
insists upon a sign, 
and no sign will be 
given it but the sign 
of the prophet Jonah. 

40 For just as Jonah was 
in the maw of the 
whale for three days 
and nights, the Son 
of Man will be three 
days and nights in the 
heart of the earth. 

41 Men of Nineveh will 
rise with this age at 
the judgment and con- 
demn it, for when 
Jonah preached they 
repented, and there is 
more than Jonah here ! 

42 The queen of the 
south will rise with 
this age at the judg- 
ment and condemn it, 
for she came from the 
very ends of the 
earth to listen to 
Solomon's wisdom, 
and there is more than 

43 Solomon, here ! When 
a foul spirit goes out 
of a man, it roams 
through deserts in 
search of rest and can 

44 find none. Then it 
says, 'I will go back to 
my house that I left,' 
and it goes and finds 
it unoccupied, 
cleaned, and all in 

45 order. Then it goes 
and gets seven other 
spirits, more wicked 
than itself, and they 
go in and live there, 
and in the end the 
man is worse off than 
he was before. That 



will rise with this gen- 
eration at the Judg- 
ment and will con- 
demn it, for they re- 
pented at Jonah's 
preaching, and there 
is more than Jonah 

33 here. No one lights a 
lamp and puts it in 
the cellar or under a 
peck measure; he puts 
it on its stand, so 
that people who come 
in can see the light. 

34 Your eye is the lamp 
of your body. When 
your eye is sound, 
your whole body is 
light, but when it is 
unsound, your body 

as is dark. So take care ! 
Your very light may 

se be darkness! If, 
therefore, your whole 
body is light with no 
darkness in it at all, 
it will all be as light as 
a lamp makes things 
for you by its light." 



A Period, of Conflict in Galilee 



65 



is the way it will be 
with this present 
wicked age." 



35. THE SPIRITUAL FAMILY OF THE CHRIST 



MATTHEW 12:46-50 

46 While he was still 
speaking, his mother 
and his brothers came 
up and stood outside 
the crowd, wanting to 

48 speak to him. But he 
said to the man who 
told him, "Who is my 
mother, and who are 

49 my brothers?" And 
he pointed to his dis- 
ciples and said, "Here 
are my mother and 

so my brothers ! For 
whoever does the will 
of my Father in heav- 
en is my brother and 
sister and mother!" 



MARK 3: 31-35 

31 And his mother and 
his brothers came. 
And they stood out- 
side the house and 
sent word in to him 
to come outside to 

32 them. There was a 
crowd sitting around 
him when they told 
him, "Your mother 
and your brothers are 
outside asking for 

33 you." He answered, 
"Who are my mother 
and my brothers?" 

34 And looking around 
at the people sitting 
about him, he said, 
"Here are my mother 
and my brothers: 

35 Whoever does the will 
of God is my brother 
and sister and moth- 
er." 



LUKE 8:19-21 

19 His mother and his 
brothers came to him, 
but they could not get 
near him, on account 

20 of the crowd. And the 
word came to him, 
"Your mother and 
your brothers are 
standing outside; they 
want to see you." 

21 He answered, "My 
mother and my broth- 
ers are those who lis- 
ten to God's message 
and obey it!" 



36. THE KINGDOM DESCRIBED IN ANALOGIES 



MATTHEW 13 : l-54a 

13 That same day Je- 
sus went out of his 
house and was sitting 

2 on the seashore. And 
such great crowds 
gathered about him 
that he got into a 
boat and sat down in 
it, while all the peo- 
ple stood on the shore. 

s And he told them 
many things in figures, 
and said to them, "A 



MARK 4: 1-34 

4 Then he began 
again to teach by the 
seashore. And a 
crowd gathered 
around him so great 
that he got into a 
boat and sat in it, a 
little way from the 
shore, while all the 
people were on the 
land close to the wa- 

2 ter. He taught them 
many lessons in fig- 



LUKE 8:4-18 

4 When a great 
throng was gathering 
and people were com- 
ing to him from one 
town after another, 
he said in his figura- 

5 tive way, "A sower 
went out to sow his 
seed. As he was sow- 
ing, some of the seed 
fell by the path and 
was trodden on, and 
the wild birds ate it 



66 



The Student's Gospels 



sower went out to 

4 sow, and as he was 
sowing, some of the 
seed fell by the path 
and the birds came 

s and ate it up, and 
some fell on rocky 
ground where there 
was not much soil 
and it sprang up at 
once because the soil 

e was not deep, but 
when the sun came 
up it was scorched 
and withered up, be- 
cause it had no root. 

7 And some of it fell 
among the thorns, 
and the thorns grew 
up and choked it out. 

s And some fell on good 
soil, and yielded some 
a hundred, some sixty, 
and some thirty-fold. 

9 Let him who has ears 

10 listen!" His disciples 
came up and said to 
him, "Why do you 
speak to them in fig- 

11 ures?" He answered, 
"You are permitted to 
know the secrets of 
the Kingdom of Heav- 
en, but they are not. 

12 For people who have 
will have more given 
to them, and will be 
plentifully supplied, 
and from people who 
have nothing even 
what they have will 

is be taken away. This 
is why I speak to 
them in figures, be- 
cause though they 
look they do not see, 
and though they listen 
they do not hear or 

14 understand. They are 



ures, and said to them 
in the course of his 

3 teaching, "Listen: A 
sower went out to 

4 sow, and as he was 
sowing, some of the 
seed chanced to fall 
by the path, and the 
birds came and ate it 

s up. Some of it fell on 
rocky ground, and 
where there was not 
much soil, and it 
sprang up at once be- 
cause the soil was not 

6 deep, but when the 
sun came up, it was 
scorched, and with- 
ered up, because it 

7 had no root. Some of 
the seed fell among 
the thorns, and the 
thorns grew up and 
choked it out, and it 

s yielded no grain. And 
some fell on good soil, 
and came up and grew 
and yielded thirty, 
sixty, even a hundred- 
9 fold." And he said, 
"Let him who has ears 
be sure to listen!" 
10 When he was by him- 
self, those who stayed 
about him with the 
Twelve asked him 
about the figures he 
n had used. And he 
said to them, "To you 
has been intrusted the 
secret of the reign of 
God, but to those out- 
siders everything is 
12 offered in figures, so 
that 
'They may look and 

yet not see, 
And listen and lis- 



e up. And some of it 
fell upon the rock, 
and when it sprang 
up it withered, be- 
cause it had no mois- 

7 ture. And some fell 
among the thorns, 
and the thorns grew 
up with it and choked 

s it out. And some fell 
on good soil, and grew 
up and yielded a hun- 
dred-fold!" As he 
said this he called out, 
"Let him who has ears 
to hear with, listen!" 

9 His disciples asked 
him what this figure 

10 meant. And he said, 
"You are permitted to 
know the secrets of 
the Kingdom of God, 
but they are given to 
others in the form of 
figures, so that they 
may look and yet not 
see, and hear and yet 

11 not understand. This 
is what the figure 
means. The seed is 

12 God's message. The 
ones by the path are 
those who hear, and 
then the devil comes 
and carries off the 
message from their 
hearts, so that they 
may not believe it and 

is be saved. The ones 
on the rock are those 
who receive the mes- 
sage joyfully when 
they first hear it, but 
it takes no real root. 
They believe iur a 
little while, and then 
in the tune of trial 

14 they draw back. And 
what falls among the 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



67 



a fulfilment of Isaiah's 
prophecy, 

'You will listen and 
listen, and never 
understand, 
And you will look 
and look, and 
never see ! 

15 For this nation's 

mind has grown 

dull, 
And they hear 

faintly with their 

ears, 
And they have shut 

their eyes, 
So as never to see 

with their eyes, 
And hear with their 

ears, 
And understand 

with their minds, 

and turn back, 
And let me cure 

them !' 

16 But blessed are your 
eyes, for they do see, 
and your ears, for 

17 they do hear. For I 
tell you, many proph- 
ets and upright men 
have longed to see 
what you see, and 
could not see it, and 
to hear what you hear, 
and could not hear it. 

is You must listen 
closely then to the 
figure of the sower. 

19 When anyone hears 
the teaching of the 
kingdom and does not 
understand it, the 
evil one comes and 
robs him of the seed 
that has been sown 
in his mind. That is 
what was sown along 

20 the path. And what 



ten and yet not 
understand, 
Lest possibly they 
should turn and 
be forgiven.' " 

is And Jesus said, "If 
you do not under- 
stand this figure, then 
how will you under- 
stand my other fig- 

14 ures? What the sower 
sows is the message. 

is The ones by the path 
are those into whose 
hearts the message 
falls, and as soon as 
they hear it Satan 
comes and carries off 
the message that has 
been sown in their 

IB hearts. It is so too 
with the ones sown on 
the rocky ground; 
they gladly accept the 
message as soon as 

17 they hear it, but it 
takes no real root in 
them and they last 
only a little while; 
then when trouble or 
persecution comes be- 
cause of the message 
they give it up at 

is once. It is different 
with those sown 
among the thorns. 
They are people who 
listen to the message, 

19 but the worries of the 
time and the pleasure 
of being rich and pas- 
sions for other things 
creep in and choke 
the message out and 

20 it yields nothing. And 
the ones sown in good 
ground are the people 
who listen to the mes- 
sage and welcome it 



thorns means those 
who listen and pass 
on, and the worries 
and wealth and pleas- 
ures of life stifle them 
and they yield noth- 

is ing. But the seed in 
the good soil means 
those who listen to 
the message and keep 
it in good, true hearts, 
and yield unfailingly. 

IB Nobody lights a lamp 
and then covers it 
with a dish or puts it 
under a bed, but he 
puts it on its stand, 
so that those who 
come in may see the 

IT light. For there is 
nothing hidden that 
shall not be disclosed, 
nor kept secret that 
shall not be known 
and come to light. 

is So take care how you 
listen. For people 
who have will have 
more given to them, 
and from people who 
have nothing, even 
what they think they 
have will be taken 
away." 



68 



The Student's Gospels 



was sown upon the 
rocky soil means the 
man who hears the 
message and at once 
accepts it joyfully, 
m but it takes no real 
root in him, and lasts 
only a little while, and 
when trouble or perse- 
cution comes because 
of the message, he 
gives it up at once. 

22 And what was sown 
among the thorns 
m cans the man 
who listens to the 
message, and then the 
worries of the time 
and the pleasure of be- 
ing rich choke the mes- 
sage out, and it yields 

23 nothing. And what 
was sown in good 
ground means the 
man who listens to 
the message and un- 
derstands it, and 
yields one a hundred, 
and another sixty, 
and another thirty- 
si fold."- Another fig- 
ure which he used in 
speaking to them was 
this: "The Kingdom 
of Heaven is like a 
man who sowed good 

as seed in his field, but 
while people were 
asleep his enemy came 
and sowed weeds 
among the wheat, and 

26 went away. And 
when the wheat came 
up and ripened, the 
weeds appeared too. 

27 And the owner's 
slaves came to him 
and said, 'Was not the 
seed good that you 



and yield thirty, sixty, 
even a hundred-fold. 

21 Do people get out 
the lamp," he said to 
them, "and then put 
it under the peck- 
measure, or under the 
bed, instead of put- 
ting it up where it be- 

22 longs? For no one 
hides anything except 
for the purpose of 
sometime bringing it 
to light again, and 
people keep things 
secret only to reveal 

23 them some day. If 
anyone has ears let 
him be sure to listen. 

24 Take care what you 
hear," he said to 
them. "The measure 
you give will be given 
to you, and even more 

25 besides. For people 
who have will have 
more given them, and 
from people who have 
nothing, even what 
they have will be tak- 

26 en away. The reign of 
God," he said, "is 
like a man scattering 
seed on the ground, 

27 and then sleeping at 
night and getting up 
by day, while the seed 
sprouts and comes up, 
without his knowing 

28 it. The ground of it- 
self is productive, put- 
ting forth first a blade, 
then a head, then full}' 
developed wheat in 

29 the head. But as soon 
as the crop will let 
him, the man goes in 
with his sickle, for the 
harvest time has 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



69 



sowed in your field, 
sir? So where did 
these weeds come 
as from?' He said to 
them, 'This is some 
enemy's doing.' And 
they said to him, 'Do 
you want us to go 
and gather them up?' 

29 But he said, 'No, for 
in gathering up the 
weeds you may up- 

30 root the wheat. Let 
them both grow to- 
gether until harvest 
time, and when we 
harvest I will direct 
the reapers to gather 
up the weeds first and 
tie them up in bundles 
to burn, but get the 
wheat into my 

31 barn.'" Another 
figure which he used 
in speaking to them 
was this: "The King- 
dom of Heaven is like 
a mustard seed which 
a man took and sowed 

32 in his field. It is the 
smallest of all seeds, 
but when it is grown 
it is the largest of 
plants and grows into 
a tree, so that the wild 
birds come and roost 

33 in its branches." An- 
other figure which he 
used with them was 
this: "The Kingdom 
of Heaven is like 
yeast, which a woman 
took and buried in a 
bushel of flour until 

34 it had all risen." Je- 
sus said all this to 
the crowds in figures, 
and told them noth- 
ing except in figures, 



so come. How can we 
find any comparison," 
he said, "for the reign 
of God, or what figure 
can we use to de- 
si scribe it? It is like a 
mustard seed, which, 
when sown in the 
ground, though it is 
the smallest of all the 
seeds in the world, 

32 yet once sown, comes 
up and grows to be 
the largest of all the 
plants, and produces 
branches so large that 
the wild birds can 
roost under the shel- 

33 ter of it." With many 
such figure? he told 
them the message, as 
far as they were able 

34 to receive it. He said 
nothing to them ex- 
cept in figures, but in 
private he explained 
everything to his own 
disciples. 



70 



The Student's Gospels 



35 to fulfil what was said 
by the prophet, 
"I will open my 
mouth in figures, 
I will utter things 
that have been 
hidden since the 
creation." 

se Then he left the 
crowds and went into 
his house. And his dis- 
ciples came up to him 
and said, "Explain to 
us the figure of the 
weeds in the field." 
37 He answered, "The 
sower who sows the 
good seed is the Son 
as of Man. The field is 
the world. The good 
seed is the people of 
the kingdom. The 
weeds are the wicked. 

39 The enemy who sowed 
them is the devil. The 
harvest is the close of 
the age, and the reap- 

40 ers are angels. So 
just as the weeds are 
gathered up and 
burned, this is what 
will happen at the 

41 close of the age; the 
Son of Man will send 
out his angels, and 
they will gather up 
out of his kingdom 
all the causes of sin 
and the wrongdoers 

42 and throw them into 
the blazing furnace; 
there they will wail 
and grind their teeth. 

43 Then the upright will 
shine out like the sun, 
in their Father's king- 
dom. Let him who 

4-1 has ears listen! The 
Kingdom of Heaven is 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



71 



like a hoard of money, 
buried in a field, 
which a man found, 
and buried again. And 
he was overjoyed, and 
went and sold every- 
thing he had and 
bought the field. 

45 Again, the Kingdom 
of Heaven is like 
a dealer in search 

46 of fine pearls. He 
found one costly pearl, 
and went and sold 
everything he had, 

47 and bought it. Again, 
the Kingdom of Heav- 
en is like a net that 
was let down into the 
sea, and inclosed fish 

is of all kinds. When it 
was full, they 
dragged it up on the 
beach, and sat down 
and sorted the good 
fish into baskets and 
threw the bad away. 

49 That is what will 
happen at the close of 
the age. The angels 
will go out and re- 
move the wicked from 
among the upright, 

so and throw them into 
the blazing furnace. 
There they will wail 
and grind their teeth. 

si Do you understand all 
this?" They said to 

52 him, "Yes." He said 
to them, "Then re- 
member that every 
scribe who has be- 
come a disciple of the 
Kingdom of Heaven 
must be like a house- 
holder who can supply 
from his storeroom 
new things as well as 



72 



The Student's Gospels 



53 old." When Jesus had 
finished these figures, 
he left that place, 

5 a 4 and went to his own 
part of the country. 



37. JESUS' POWER OVER NATURE 



MATTHEW 8:23-27 

23 And he got into the 
boat, and his disciples 

24 went with him. And 
suddenly a terrific 
storm came up on the 
sea, so that the waves 
broke over the boat, 
but he remained 

25 asleep. And they 
came and woke him 
up, saying, "Save us, 
sir! We are lost!" 

26 And he said to them, 
"Why are you afraid? 
You have so little 
faith!" Then he got 
up and reproved the 
wind and the sea, and 
there was a great 

27 calm. And the men 
were amazed and 
said, "What kind of 
man is this? For the 
very winds and sea 
obey him!" 



MAEK4:35-41 

35 That same day when 
it was evening he said 
to them, "Let us cross 
to the other side." 

as So they left the crowd 
and took him away in 
the boat in which he 
was sitting. There 
were other boats with 

37 him. And a heavy 
squall of wind came 
on and the waves 
dashed into the boat, 
so that it was begin- 

ss ning to fill. He was 
in the stern, asleep on 
the cushion. And they 
woke him up and said 
to him, "Master, does 
it make no difference 
to you that we are 

39 sinking?" Then he 
awoke and reproved 
the wind, and said to 
the sea, "Hush! Si- 
lence!" And the wind 
went down and there 
was a great calm. 

40 And he said to them, 
"Why are you afraid? 
Have you still no 

41 faith?" And they 
were very much 
frightened, and said 
to one another, "Who 
can he be? For even 
the wind and the sea 
obey him." 



LTTKB 8:22-25 

22 It happened one 
day that he got into a 
boat with his disci- 
ples, and said to them, 
"Let us cross to the 
other side of the 
lake." So they set 

23 sail. As they sailed 
along, he fell asleep. 
And a squall of wind 
came down upon the 
lake, and they were 
being swamped and 

24 were in peril. And 
they went to him and 
woke him up, and 
said to him, "Master! 
Master! We are 
lost!" Then he awoke 
and reproved the wind 
and the rough water, 
and they ceased, and 
there was a calm. 

25 And he said to them, 
"Where is your 
faith?" But they were 
frightened and 
amazed, and said to 
one another, "Who 
can he be? For he 
gives orders even to 
the winds and the 
water, and they obey 
him!" 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



73 



38. JESUS' POWER OVER EVIL SPIRITS 



MATTHEW 8:28-34 
as When he reached 
the other side, in the 
region of Gadara, two 
men possessed by de- 
mons came out of the 
tombs and confronted 
him; they were so ex- 
tremely violent that 
nobody could go along 
29 that road. And they 
suddenly screamed 
out, "What do you 
want of us, you Son 
of God? Have you 
come here before the 
appointed time to tor- 
so ture us?" Now at 
some distance from 
them there was a 
great drove of pigs 

31 feeding. And the de- 
mons entreated him, 
saying, "If you are 
going to drive us out, 
send us into the drove 

32 of pigs." And he said 
to them, "Begone!" 
And they came out 
and went into the 
pigs. And suddenly 
the whole drove 
rushed over the steep 
bank into the sea, and 
perished in the water. 

33 And the men who 
tended them ran away 
and went off to the 
town and told it all, 
and the news about 
the men possessed by 

34 demons. And the 
whole town came out 
to meet Jesus, and 
when they saw him 
they begged him to go 
away from their dis- 
trict. 



MARK 5: 1-20 

5 So they reached the 

other side of the sea, 

and landed in the re- 

2 gion of Gerasa. As 
soon as he got out of 
the boat, a man pos- 
sessed by a foul spirit 
came out of the burial 
places near by to meet 

3 him. This man lived 
among the tombs, and 
no one could any 
longer secure him 

4 even with a chain, for 
he had often been 
fastened with fetters 
and chains and had 
snapped the chains 
and broken the fet- 
ters; and there was 
no one strong enough 

5 to master him, and 
night and day he was 
always shrieking 
among the tombs and 
on the hills and cut- 
ting himself with 

6 stones. And catching 
sight of Jesus in the 
distance he ran up 
and made obeisance 

7 to him and screamed 
out, "What do you 
want of me, Jesus, son 
of the Most High 
God? In God's name, 
I implore you, do not 

s torture me." For he 
was saying to him, 
"You foul spirit, come 

9 out of this man." He 
asked him, "What is 
your name?" He said, 
"My name is Legion, 
for there are many of 
10 us." And they begged 
him earnestly not to 



LUKE 8:26-39 

26 They made a land- 
ing hi the neighbor- 
hood of Gerasa, which 
is just across the lake 

27 from Galilee. And 
when he landed, he 
met a man possessed 
by demons, who was 
coming out of the 
town. He had worn 
no clothing for a long 
time, and did not live 
in a house but in the 

28 tombs. When he saw 
Jesus he cried out and 
threw himself down 
before him, and said 
in a loud voice, "What 
do you want of me, 
Jesus, Son of the Most 
High God? I beg you 
not to torture me!" 

26 For he was command- 
ing the foul spirit to 
get out of the man. 
For it had often 
seized him, and 
though he had been 
fastened with chains 
-and fetters, and was 
closely watched, he 
would snap his bonds 
and the demon would 
drive him away to 

so the desert. And Jesus 
asked him, "What is 
your name?" He said, 
"Legion!" For many 
demons had gone into 

si him. And they begged 
him not to order them 
off to the bottomless 

32 pit. Now there 
was a large drove of 
pigs feeding there on 
the hillside, and they 



74 



The Student's Gospels 



send them out of that 

11 country. Now there 
was a great drove of 
pigs feeding there on 

12 the hillside. And they 
implored him, "Send 
us among the pigs, let 

is us go into them." So 
he gave them permis- 
sion. And the foul 
spirits came out and 
went into the pigs, 
and the drove of 
about two thousand 
rushed over the steep 
bank into the sea and 

14 were drowned. And 
the men who tended 
them ran away and 
spread the news in the 
town and in the coun- 
try around, and the 
people came to see 
what had happened. 

is When they came to 
Jesus and found the 
demoniac sitting qui- 
etly with his clothes 
on and in his right 
mind the same man 
who had been pos- 
sessed by Legion 
they were frightened. 

16 And those who had 
seen it told them what 
had happened to the 
demoniac, and all 

17 about the pigs. And 
they began to beg 
him to leave their dis- 

is trict. As he was get- 
ting into the boat, the 
man who had been 
possessed begged to 
be allowed to go with 

19 him. And he would 
not permit it, but 
said to him, "Go home 
to your own people, 



begged him to give 
them leave to go into 
them. And he did so. 

33 Then the demons 
came out of the man 
and went into the 
pigs, and the drove 
rushed over the steep 
bank into the lake, 
and were drowned. 

34 When the men who 
tended them saw what 
had happened, they 
ran away and spread 
the news in the town 
and in the country 

35 around. And the peo- 
ple came out to see 
what had happened, 
and they came to Je- 
sus and found the 
man out of whom the 
demons had gone sit- 
ting there, at Jesus' 
feet, with his clothes 
on and in his right 
mind, and they were 

so frightened. And those 
who had seen it told 
them how the man 
who had been pos- 
sessed was cured. 

37 Then all the people of 
the neighborhood of 
Gerasa asked him to 
go away from them, 
for they were terribly 
frightened. And he 
got into a boat and 

ss went back. The man 
out of whom the de- 
mons had gone begged 
to go with him, but 
Jesus sent him away, 

39 and said, "Go back to 
your home, and tell all 
what God has done 
for you." And he 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



75 



and tell them all- the 
Lord has done for you 
and how he took pity 
20 on you." And he went 
off and began to tell 
everybody in the Ten 
Towns all Jesus had 
done for him; and 
they were all aston- 
ished. 



39. JESUS' POWER OVER DEATH 



went and told all over 
the town what Jesus 
had done for him. 



MATTHEW 9: 18-26 

is Just as he said this 
to them, an official 
came up and bowing 
low before him said to 
him, "My daughter 
has just died. But 
come ! Lay your hand 
on her and she will 

19 come to life!" And Je- 
sus got up and fol- 
lowed him, with his 

20 disciples. And a wom- 
an who had had a 
hemorrhage for twelve 
years came up behind 
him and touched the 
tassel of his cloak. 

21 For she said to her- 
self, "If I can just 
touch his cloak, I will 

22 get well." And Jesus 
turned and saw her, 
and he said, "Cour- 
age, my daughter ! 
Your faith has cured 
you!" And from that 
time the woman was 

23 well. When Jesus 
reached the official's 
house, and saw the 
flute-players and the 
disturbance the crowd 

24 was making, he said, 
"You must go away, 
for the girl is not 



MABK5:21-43 

21 When Jesus had 
crossed again in the 
boat to the other side, 
a great crowd gath- 
ered about him as he 
stood on the shore. 

22 And a man named 
Jairus, the leader of 
a synagogue, came 
up and seeing him 
threw himself at his 

23 feet and appealed to 
him, saying, "My 
little daughter is at 
the point of death. 
Come, lay your hands 
on her, so that she 
may get well and 

24 live!" So he went 
with him. And a great 
crowd followed him 
and pressed around 

25 him. And a woman 
who had had a hemor- 
rhage for twelve years 

26 and had had a great 
deal of treatment 
from various doctors 
and had spent all that 
she had and had not 
been benefited at all 
but had actually 

27 grown worse, had 
heard about Jesus. 
And she came up in 



LUKE 8:40-56 



40 When Jesus re- 
turned, the people 
welcomed him, for 
they were all watch- 

41 ing for him. And a 
man named Jairus 
came up he was 
leader of the syna- 
gogue and he fell 
down at Jesus' feet 
and begged him to 

42 come to his house, be- 
cause he had an only 
daughter, about 
twelve years old, and 
she was dying. As he 
was going, the crowds 
of people almost 

43 crushed him. And 
a woman who had had 
a hemorrhage for 
twelve years, and 
whom nobody had 
been able to cure, 

44 came up behind him 
and touched the tassel 
of his cloak, and the 
hemorrhage stopped 

45 at once. Jesus said, 
"Who was it who 
touched me?" And 
as everyone denied 
having done so, Peter 
said, "Master, the 
people are all around 



76 



The Student's Gospels 



dead; she is asleep." 
And they laughed at 

25 him. But when he 
had driven the peo- 
ple out, he went in 
and grasped her hand 
and the girl got up. 

26 And the news of this 
spread all over that 
part of the country. 



the crowd behind him 
and touched his coat, 

2s for she said, "If I 
can only touch his 
clothes, I shall get 

29 well." The hemor- 
rhage stopped at once, 
and she felt in her 
body that she was 

so cured. Jesus instantly 
perceived that healing 
power had passed 
from him, and he 
turned around in the 
crowd and said, "Who 
touched my clothes?" 

31 His disciples said to 
him, "You see the 
crowd pressing around 
you, and yet you ask, 
'Who touched me?' " 

32 But he still looked 
around to see the per- 
son who had done it. 

33 The woman, knowing 
what had happened to 
her, came forward 
frightened, and trem- 
bling, and threw her- 
self down at his feet 
and told him the 

34 whole truth. And he 
said to her, "My 
daughter, it is your 
faith that has cured 
you. Go in peace and 
be free from your dis- 

35 ease." Even as he 
spoke people came 
from the house of the 
leader of the syna- 
gogue and said, "Your 
daughter is dead. Why 
should you trouble the 

se Master any further?" 
But Jesus paid no 
attention to what 
they said, but said 
to the leader of the 



you and they are 

46 crowding you." But 
Jesus said, "Some- 
body touched me, for 
I know that power 
passed from me." 

47 When the woman saw 
that she had not es- 
caped his notice, she 
came forward trem- 
bling, and fell down 
before him, and before 
all the people told 
why she had touched 
him, and how she had 
been cured at once. 

48 And he said to her, 
"My daughter, it is 
your faith that has 
cured you. Go in 

49 peace." Even as he 
spoke someone came 
from the house of the 
leader of the syna- 
gogue and said, "Your 
daughter is dead. Do 
not trouble the Mas- 

so ter any more." But 
Jesus heard it and 
said to him, "Do not 
be afraid; just have 
faith, and she will get 

si well." When he got to 
the house, he let no 
one go in with him but 
Peter, John, and 
James, and the child's 
father and mother. 

52 And they were all 
wailing and beating 
their breasts for her. 
But he said, "Stop 
wailing! For she is 
not dead, she is 

53 asleep." And they 
laughed at him, for 
they knew that she 

54 was dead. But he 
grasped her hand and 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



77 



synagogue, "Dcr not 
be afraid, just have 

37 faith." He let no one 
go with him but Peter, 
James, and James's 

ss brother John. They 
came to the house of 
the leader of the syna- 
gogue, and there he 
found everything in 
confusion, and people 
weeping and wailing. 

39 And he went into the 
house and said to 
them, "What is the 
meaning of all this 
confusion and crying? 
The child is not dead, 

40 she is asleep." And 
they laughed at him. 
But he drove them all 
out, and took the 
child's father and 
mother and the men 
who were with him 
and went into the 
room where the child 

41 was lying. And he 
grasped her hand and 
said to her, "Taleitha, 
koum!" that is to 
say, "Little girl, I tell 

42 you, get up !" And the 
little girl immediately 
got up and walked 
about, for she was 
twelve years old. The 
moment they saw it 
they were utterly 

43 amazed. And he 
strictly forbade them 
to let anyone know 
of it, and told them to 
give her something to 
eat. 



called out, "Get up, 
ss my child!" And her 
spirit returned and 
she stood up immedi- 
ately, and he directed 
them to give her 
something to eat. 
ss And her parents were 
amazed, but he or- 
dered them not to tell 
anyone what had hap- 
pened. 



78 



The Student's Gospels 



40. JESUS' POWER OVER DISEASE 



MATTHEW 9 : 27-34 

27 As Jesus was pass- 
ing along from there, 
two blind men fol- 
lowed him, calling 
out, "Take pity on us, 
you Son of David!" 

as When he had gone in- 
doors, the blind men 
came up to him, and 
he said to them, "Do 
you believe I can do 
this?" They said to 

29 him, "Yes, sir." Then 
he touched their eyes 
and said, "You shall 
have what your faith 

so expects." And their 
sight was restored. 
Jesus warned them 
sternly not to let any- 

31 one hear of it. But 
they went out and 
spread the news about 
him all over that part 

32 of the country. But 
just as they were go- 
ing out, some people 
brought to him a 
dumb man who was 
possessed by a demon, 

33 and as soon as the de- 
mon was driven out, 
the dumb man was 
able to speak. And 
the crowds were 
amazed, and said, 
"Nothing like this 
was ever seen in 

s* Israel!" But the 
Pharisees said, "It is 
by the aid of the 
prince of the demons 
that he drives them 
out." 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



79 



41. JESUS IS REJECTED BY HIS FELLOW-CITIZENS 
AT NAZARETH 



MATTHEW l3:54b-58 

5 6 * And he taught the 
people in their syna- 
gogue in such a way 
that they were aston- 
ished, and said, 
"Where did he get 
this wisdom, and the 
power to do these 

55 wonders? Is he not 
the carpenter's son? 
Is not his mother 
named Mary, and are 
not his brothers 
named James, Joseph, 
Simon, and Judas? 

56 And do not all his sis- 
ters live here among 
us? Then where did 

57 he get all this?" And 
they took offense at 
him. But Jesus said 
to them, "A prophet 
is treated with honor 
everywhere except in 
his native place and 

ss at his home." And he 
did not do many won- 
ders there, because of 
their want of faith. 



MARK 6 : l-6a 

6 Leaving there he 
went, followed by his 
disciples, to his own 
part of the country. 

2 When the Sabbath 
came he began to 
teach in the syna- 
gogue. And the peo- 
ple were astonished 
when they heard him, 
and said, "Where did 
he get all this? How 
does he come to have 
such wisdom? How 
are such marvelous 
things done through 

3 him? Is he not the 
carpenter, Mary's 
son, and the brother 
of James, Joses, 
Judas, and Simon? 
And do not his sisters 
live here among us?" 
And they took offense 

4 at him. Jesus said to 
them, "A prophet is 
treated with honor 
everywhere except in 
his native place and 
among his relatives 

5 and at his home." He 
could not do any won- 
der there, except that 
he put his hands on a 
few people and cured 
them. 

I And he wondered 
at their want of faith. 



LUKE 4: 16-30 

la And he came to 
Nazareth, where he 
had been brought up, 
and on the Sabbath 
he went to the syna- 
gogue, as he was ac- 
customed to do, and 
stood up to read the 
17 Scriptures. And the 
roll of the prophet 
Isaiah was handed to 
him, and he unrolled 
it and found the place 
where it says, 
i "The spirit of the 
Lord is upon me, 
For he has conse- 
crated me to 
preach the good 
news to the poor, 
He has sent me to 
announce to the 
prisoners their re- 
lease and to the 
blind the recov- 
ery of their sight, 
To set the down- 
trodden at liber- 
ty, 

19 To proclaim the 

year of the Lord's 
favor!" 

20 And he rolled up the 
roll and gave it back 
to the attendant and 
sat down. The eyes 
of everyone in the 
synagogue were fixed 

21 upon him. And he be- 
gan by saying to 
them, "This passage 
of Scripture has been 
fulfilled here in your 

22 hearing today!" And 
they all spoke well of 
him and were aston- 



80 



The Student's Gospels 



ished at the winning 
words that fell from 
his lips, and they 
said, "Is he not Jo- 

23 seph's son?" He said 
to them, "No doubt 
you will quote this 
proverb to me: 'Doc- 
tor, cure yourself ! 
Do the things here in 
your own country that 
we hear you did at 

24 Capernaum.' . I tell 
you," said he, "no 
prophet is welcome in 

25 his own country. But 
I tell you, there were 
plenty of widows in 
Israel in Elijah's 
time, when the sky 
was closed for three 
years and a half, 
and there was a 
great famine all over 

ae the land, and Elijah 
was not sent to one of 
them, but to a widow 
at Zarephath in Sidon. 

27 And there were plenty 
of lepers in Israel in 
the time of the proph- 
et Elisha, and none of 
them was cured, but 
Naaman the Syrian." 

28 And when the people 
in the synagogue 
heard this, they were 

29 all very angry, and 
they got up and drove 
him out of the town 
and took him to the 
brow of the hill on 
which their town was 
built, intending to 
throw him down from 

so it. But he made his 
way through the 
midst of them and 
went on. 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



81 



42. EXTENSION OF HIS TEACHING" THROUGH THE 
PREACHING OF THE TWELVE 



MATTHEW 9: 35-38 ; 
10:511:1 

35 Jesus went round 
among all the towns 
and villages, teaching 
in their synagogues, 
and proclaiming the 
good news of the king- 
dom, and curing any 

so disease or illness. But 
the sight of the crowds 
of people filled him 
with pity for them, 
because they were be- 
wildered and dejected, 
like sheep that have 

37 no shepherd. Then he 
said to his disciples, 
"The harvest is 
abundant enough, 
but the reapers are 

ss few. So pray to the 
owner of the harvest 
to send reapers to 
gather it." 

*0 Jesus sent these 
twelve out, after giv- 
ing them these direc- 
tions: "Do not go 
among the heathen, 
or to any Samaritan 

G town, but proceed in- 
stead to the lost sheep 

7 of Israel's house. And 
as you go about, 
preach and say, 'The 
Kingdom of Heaven 

s is at hand !' Cure the 
sick, raise the dead, 
heal lepers, drive out 
demons. Give with- 
out payment, just as 
you received without 

o payment. Do not ac- 
cept gold or silver or 
copper money to put 



MAHic6:6b-13 

' Then he went 
around among the vil- 

7 lages teaching. And 
he called the Twelve 
to him and sent them 
off two by two, giving 
them power over the 

s foul spirits. He for- 
bade them to take 
anything for the jour- 
ney except a staff no 
bread, no bag, no small 
change even in their 

9 girdles; they were to 
go in sandals, and not 
to wear two shirts. 

10 And he said to them, 
"Whenever you go to 
stay at a house, re- 
main in it till you 

11 leave that place. If 
any place refuses to 
receive you or to listen 
to you, when you 
leave it shake off the 
very dust from the 
soles of your feet as 
a warning to them." 

12 So they went out and 
preached that men 

13 should repent, and 
drove out many de- 
mons, and cured 
many sick people by 
anointing them with 
oil. 



LUKE 9 : 1-6 

9 Then he called the 
Twelve together, and 
gave them power and 
authority over all the 
demons, and to cure 

2 diseases, and he sent 
them out to proclaim 
the Kingdom of God 
and to cure the sick. 

3 He said to them, "Do 
not take anything for 
your journey, no staff 
nor bag nor bread nor 
money, nor an extra 

4 shirt. Whatever 
house you go to stay 
in, remain there, and 
start on again from it. 

5 And where they will 
not welcome you, 
leave that town and 
shake off the very 
dust from your feet as 
a protest against 

e them." And they set 
forth and went from 
village to village, tell- 
ing the good news 
and curing people ev- 
erywhere. 



82 



The Student's Gospels 



10 in your pockets, and 
do not take a bag for 
your journey, nor two 
shirts, nor shoes, nor a 
staff, for the workman 
deserves his food ! 

11 Whatever town or 
village you come to, 
inquire for some suit- 
able person, and stay 
with him till you leave 

12 the place. And as you 
go into his house, 

is wish it well. If the 
house deserves it, the 
peace you wish it will 
come over it, but if 
it does not deserve it, 
your blessing will 
come back upon your- 

14 selves. And where no 
one will welcome you, 
or listen to you, leave 
that house or town 
and shake off its very 
dust from your feet. 

is I tell you, the land of 
Sodom and Gomorrah 
will fare better on the 
Day of Judgment 

ic than" that town. Here 
I am sending you out 
like sheep among 
wolves. So you must 
be wise like serpents, 
and guileless like 

17 doves. But be on 
your guard against 
men, for they will 
give you up to their 
courts, and have you 
flogged in their syna- 

is gogues, and you will 
be brought before 
governors and kings 
on my account, to 
bear your testimony 
before them and the 

19 heathen. But when 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



83 



they give you up, you 
must have no anxiety 
about how to speak or 
what to say, for you 
will be told at the 
very moment what 

20 you ought to say, for 
it is not you who will 
speak, it is the Spirit 
of your Father that 
will speak through 

21 you. One brother will 
give up another to 
death, and a father 
his child, and children 
will turn against their 
parents, and have 
them put to death. 

22 You will be hated by 
everybody on my ac- 
count, but the man 
who holds out to the 
very end will be 

23 saved. But when they 
persecute you in one 
town, make your es- 
cape to another, for 
I tell you, you will not 
have gone through all 
the towns of Israel be- 
fore the Son of Man 

24 arrives. A pupil is not 
better than his teacher, 
nor a slave better than 

25 his master. A pupil 
should be satisfied to 
come to be like his 
teacher, or a slave to 
come to be like his 
master. If men have 
called the head of the 
house Beelzebub, how 
much worse names 
will they give to the 
members of his house- 
as hold ! So do not be 

afraid of them. For 
there is nothing cov- 
ered up that is not 



84 



The Student's Gospels 



going to be uncov- 
ered, nor secret that is 
not going to be 

27 known. What I tell 
you in the dark you 
must say in the light, 
and what you hear 
whispered in your ear, 
you must proclaim 
from the housetops. 

as Have no fear of those 
who kill the body, but 
cannot kill the soul. 
You had better be 
afraid of one who can 
destroy both soul and 

29 body in the pit. Do 
not sparrows sell two 
for a cent? And yet 
not one of them can 
fall to the ground 
against your Father's 

so will! But the very 
hairs on your heads 

si are all counted. You 
must not be afraid; 
you are worth more 
than a great many 

32 sparrows! Therefore 
everyone who will 
acknowledge me be- 
fore men I will ac- 
knowledge before my 

33 Father in heaven, but 
anyone who disowns 
me before men, I will 
disown before my Fa- 

34 ther in heaven. Do 
not think that I have 
come to bring peace 
to the earth. I have 
not come to bring 
peace but a sword. 

35 For I have come to 
turn a man against 
his father and a 
daughter against her 
mother and a daugh- 
ter-in-law against her 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



85 



se mother-in-law, and a 
man's enemies will 
be in his own house- 

37 hold. No one who 
loves father or mother 
more than he loves 
me is worthy of me, 
and no one who loves 
son or daughter more 
than he loves me is 

as worthy of me, and no 
one who will not take 
up his cross and follow 
me is worthy of me. 

39 Whoever gains his life 
will lose it, and who- 
ever loses his life for 
my sake will gain it. 

40 Whoever welcomes 
you welcomes me, and 
whoever welcomes me 
welcomes him who 

41 has sent me. Who- 
ever welcomes a 
prophet because he 
is a prophet will have 
the same reward as a 
prophet, and whoever 
welcomes an upright 
man because he is up- 
right will have the 
same reward as an 

42 upright man. And no 
one who will give the 
humblest of my dis- 
ciples even a cup of 
cold water because he 
is my disciple, I tell 
you, can ever fail of 

11 his reward." When 
Jesus had finished 
giving his twelve dis- 
ciples these instruc- 
tions, he went on 
from there to teach 
and preach in their 
towns. 



86 



The Student's Gospels 



43. THE DEATH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST 



MATTHEW 14:1-12 

14 At that time, Herod 
the governor heard 
the reports about Je- 

2 sus, and he said to his 
attendants, "This 
man must be John the 
Baptist. He has risen 
from the dead, and 
that is why wonderful 
powers are working 

s through him." For 
Herod had seized 
John and bound him 
and put him in prison, 
on account of Herodi- 
as, his brother Phil- 

4 ip's wife, for John 
said to him, "It is not 
right for you to be 

a living with her." And 
while he wanted him 
killed, he was afraid 
of the people; for they 
considered him a 

e prophet. But when 
Herod's birthday 
came, Herodias' 
daughter danced be- 
fore the company. 
And Herod was de- 

7 lighted with her, and 
swore that he would 
give her anything she 

s asked for. But she, 
at her mother's insti- 
gation, said, "Give 
me John the Baptist's 
head here on a plat- 

9 ter!" And the king 
was sorry, but be- 
cause he had sworn to 
do it, and because of 
the guests who were 
present, he ordered it 
10 to be given her. And 
he sent and had John 



MARK 6: 14-29- 

14 King Herod heard 
of him, for his name 
was now well known, 
and people were say- 
ing that John the bap- 
tizer had risen from 
the dead, and that 
that was why he was 
endowed with these 
extraordinary powers. 

is But others said he 
was Elijah, and still 
others that he was a 
prophet of the old 

16 prophetic kind. But 
when Herod heard of 
him he said, "John, 
whom I beheaded, 
has risen from the 

17 dead." For it was 
Herod who had sent 
and seized John and 
bound him and put 
him in prison, on ac- 
count of Herodias, his 
brother Philip's wife, 
because Herod had 

is married her. John 
said to Herod, "It is 
not right for you to be 
living with your 

19 brother's wife." He- 
rodias felt bitterly 
toward him and want- 
ed him killed. But she 
could not bring it 

20 about, for Herod 
stood in awe of John, 
knowing that he was 
an upright and holy 
man, and he protected 
him. And when he 
heard him talk he was 
very much disturbed, 
and yet he liked to 

21 hear him. When a 



LTTKE 9:7-9 

7 Herod the governor 
heard of all that was 
happening, and he 
was perplexed because 
some people said that 
John had risen from 

s the dead, and some 
that Elijah had ap- 
peared, and others 
that one of the an- 
cient prophets had 
come back to life. 

9 But Herod said, 
"John I have behead- 
ed, but who can this 
be about whom I hear 
such reports?" And 
he endeavored to see 
him. 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



87 



beheaded in the pris- 

11 on. And his head was 
brought back on a 
platter and given to 
the girl, and she took 
it to her mother. 

12 John's disciples came 
and took his body 
away, and buried him, 
and then they went 
and reported it to Je- 
sus. 



holiday came and 
Herod on his birthday 
gave a banquet to his 
courtiers and officers 
and to the leading 

22 men of Galilee, He- 
rodias' own daughter 
came in and danced 
for them. And Herod 
and his guests were 
delighted, and the 
king said to the girl, 
"Ask me for anything 
you like and I will 

23 give it to you." And 
he made oath to her, 
"I will give you what- 
ever you ask me for, 
up to half my king- 

24 dom." When she had 
left the room she said 
to her mother, "What 
shall I ask him for?" 
But she said, "The 
head of John the bap- 

25 tizer." And she hur- 
ried back at once to 
the king and asked 
him for it, saying, "I 
want you right away 
to give me John the 
Baptist's head on a 

26 platter." The king 
was exceedingly sorry, 
but on account of his 
oath and his guests he 
did not like to break 

27 his word to her, and 
he immediately sent 
one of his guard with 
orders to get John's 
head. And he went 
off and beheaded him 

28 in the prison and 
brought back his head 
on a platter and gave 
it to the girl, and the 
girl gave it to her 

29 mother. When his 



88 



The Student's Gospels 



disciples heard of it 
they came and took 
his body away and 
put it in a tomb. 



44. ADDITIONAL STORIES OF JESUS' POWER OVER NATURE 



MATTHEW 14:13-36 

13 When Jesus heard 
it, he quietly retired 
by boat to a secluded 
place. And the 
crowds heard of it 
and followed him on 
foot from the towns. 

14 So when he got out of 
the boat he found a 
great crowd gath- 
ered, and his heart 
was touched at the 
sight of them, and he 
cured those of them 

15 that were sick. And 
when it was evening, 
the disciples came up 
to him and said, "This 
is a lonely place and 
the day is over. Send 
the crowds off to the 
villages to buy them- 

16 selves food." But Je- 
sus said to them, 
"They do not need to 
go away. Give them 
food yourselves." 

17 They said to him, 
"We have nothing 
here but five loaves 

is and two fish." He 
said, "Bring them 

is here to me." Then he 
ordered the crowds to 
sit down on the grass, 
and he took the five 
loaves and the two 
fish and looked up to 
heaven and blessed 
them, and he broke 
the loaves in pieces 



MARK 6: 30-56 



30 



The apostles re- 
joined Jesus and re- 
ported to him all they 
had done and taught. 

31 And he said to them, 
"Come away by your- 
selves to some quiet 
place, and rest a little 
while." For people 
were coming and go- 
ing in large numbers, 
and they had no time 

32 even for meals. So 
they set off by them- 
selves in their boat 
for a secluded place. 

33 And many people saw 
them start and knew 
of it, and hurried 
around by land from 
all the neighboring 
towns, and got ahead 

34 of them. So when he 
got out of the boat, he 
found a great crowd 
gathered, and his 
heart was touched at 
the sight of them, 
because they were like 
sheep that have no 
shepherd; and he pro- 
ceeded to teach them 

35 a great deal. When it 
grew late his disciples 
came up to him and 
said, "This is a lonely 
place and it is getting 

se late. Send the people 
off to the farms and 
villages around to buy 
themselves something 



LUKE 9:10-17 

10 Then the apostles 
came back and told 
Jesus what they had 
done. And he took 
them and quietly re- 
tired to a town called 

11 Bethsaida. But the 
crowds learned of it 
and followed him, and 
he welcomed them 
and spoke to them 
about the Kingdom of 
God, and he cured 
those who needed to 

12 be cured. When the 
day began to decline, 
the Twelve came up 
and said to him, 
"Send the crowd 
away to the villages 
and farms around to 
find food and shelter, 
for we are in a lonely 

is place here." But he 
said to them, "Give 
them food your- 
selves!" And they 
said, "We have only 
five loaves and two 
fish, unless we go our- 
selves and buy food 
for all these people." 

i* For there were about 
five thousand men. 
But he said to his dis- 
ciples, "Have them 
sit down in groups of 
about fifty each." 

is And they did so, and 
made them all sit 

16 down. Then he took 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



89 



and gave them to the 

20 disciples and they all 
ate and had enough. 
And the pieces left 
over that they gath- 
ered up filled twelve 

21 baskets. There were 
about five thousand 
men who were fed, be- 
sides women and chil- 

22 dren. And he immedi- 
ately made his dis- 
ciples get into the 
boat and cross before 
him to the other side 
while he dismissed the 

23 crowds. After he had 
dismissed them he 
went up the hill by 
himself to pray. And 
when evening came 
on he was there alone, 

24 but the boat was by 
this time a long way 
from shore, struggling 
with the waves, for 
the wind was against 

25 them. Toward morn- 
ing he went out to 
them, walking on the 

20 sea. And the disciples 
saw him walking on 
the sea, and they were 
terrified and said, "It 
is a ghost!" And they 
screamed with fear. 

27 But Jesus immediate- 
ly spoke to them and 
said, "Take courage! 
It is I. Do not be 

as afraid." Peter an- 
swered, "If it is you, 
Master, order me to 
come to you on the 

20 water." And he said, 
"Come!" And Peter 
got out of the boat and 
walked on the water 

so and went to Jesus. But 



37 to eat." But he an- 
swered, "Give them 
food yourselves." 
They said to him, 
"Can we go and buy 
forty dollars' worth of 
bread and give it to 

ss them to eat?" But 
he said to them, "How 
many loaves have 
you? Go and see." 
They looked, and told 
him, "Five, and two 

39 fish." And he directed 
them all to sit down 
in parties on the fresh 

40 grass. And they 
threw themselves 
down in groups, in 
hundreds and in fif- 

41 ties. Then he took 
the five loaves and the 
two fish and looked up 
to heaven and blessed 
the loaves and broke 
them in pieces and 
gave them to the dis- 
ciples to pass to the 
people; and he di- 
vided the two fish 

43 among them all. And 
they all ate and had 

43 enough and the pieces 
they gathered up filled 
twelve baskets, be- 
sides the pieces of the 

44 fish. There were five 
thousand men who 

45 ate the loaves. He im- 
mediately had his dis- 
ciples get into the 
boat and cross before 
him to the other side 
toward Bethsaida, 
while he was dismiss- 

45 ing the crowd. When 
he had taken leave of 
the people he went up 
the hill to pray. 



the five loaves and the 
two fish and looked 
up to heaven and 
blessed them, and he 
broke them in pieces 
and gave them to the 
disciples to pass to 
17 the people. And they 
all ate and had 
enough, and the pieces 
left over that were 
gathered up filled 
twelve baskets. 



90 



The Student's Gospels 



when he felt the wind 
he was frightened, 
and beginning to sink, 
he cried out, "Master, 

31 save me!" Jesus im- 
mediately stretched 
out his hand and 
caught hold of him, 
and said to him, 
"Why did you waver? 
You have so little 

32 faith !" When they got 
into the boat, the 

33 wind went down. And 
the men in the boat 
fell down before him 
and said, "You are 
certainly God's Son!" 

34 And they crossed over 
to the other side and 
came to Gennesaret. 

35 And the men of the 
place recognized him, 
and sent all over that 
district and brought 
to him all who were 

se sick, and they begged 
him to let them touch 
just the tassel of his 
cloak, and all who 
touched it were cured. 



47 When evening came 
on, the boat was in the 
middle of the sea, and 
he was alone on shore. 

48 And he saw that they 
were straining at the 
oars, for the wind was 
against them, and 
toward morning he 
went out to them, 
walking on the sea, 
and was going to join 

49 them. They saw him 
walking on the sea, 
and thought it was a 
ghost and screamed 

so aloud, for they all saw 
him and were terri- 
fied. But he immedi- 
ately spoke to them 
and said, "Take cour- 
rage, it is I. Do not 

si be afraid." Then he 
went up to them and 
got into the boat. 
And the wind fell. 
And they were per- 
fectly beside them- 

52 selves, for they had 
not understood about 
the loaves, but their 
minds were blinded. 

53 They crossed over to 
the other side and 
came to Gennesaret 
and moored the boat. 

54 As soon as they came 
ashore, the people 

55 recognized Jesus, and 
they hurried all over 
the countryside and 
began to bring the 
sick to him on their 
mats, wherever they 

se heard he was. And 
whatever village or 
town or farm he went 
to, they would lay 
their sick in the mar- 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



91 



45. 



ket-place and beg him 
to let them touch just 
the tassel of his cloak, 
and all who touched 
it were cured. 



JESUS BREAKS WITH THE EXTERNALS 
OF THE JEWISH RELIGION 



MATTHEW 15:1-20 

IS Then some Phari- 
sees and scribes came 
to Jesus from Jerusa- 
lem, and said to him, 

a "Why do your disciples 
break the rules hand- 
ed down by our ances- 
tors? For they eat 
their bread without 
first washing their 

a hands." But he an- 
swered, "Why do you 
too break God's com- 
mand for the sake of 
what has been handed 

4 down to you? For 
God said, 'Honor your 
father and mother,' 
and 'He who abuses 
his father or mother 
must be put to death.' 

5 But you say, 'Who- 
ever tells his father or 
mother, "Anything of 
mine that might have 
been of use to you is 

e given to God," does 
not have to provide 
for his father.' So 
you have nullified 
what God has said, 
for the sake of what 
has been handed down 

7 to you. You hypo- 
crites ! Isaiah prophe- 
sied finely about you 
when he said, 

s 'This people honor 
with their lips, 



MAHK7.-1-23 

7 The Pharisees gath- 
ered about him with 
some scribes who had 
come from Jerusa- 

2 lem. They had no- 
ticed that some of his 
disciples ate their 
food without first giv- 
ing their hands a cere- 
monial washing to 

3 purify them. For the 
Pharisees and all the 
Jews observe the rules 
handed down from 
their ancestors, and 
will not eat until they 
have washed their 
hands in a particular 

4 way, and they will not 
eat anything from the 
market without first 
purifying it by sprin- 
kling it, and they have 
a number of other ob- 
servances which have 
come down to them, 
in the way of washing 
cups, pitchers, and 

5 basins. And the Phar- 
isees and the scribes 
asked him, "Why do 
your disciples not ob- 
serve the rules handed 
down by our ances- 
tors, but eat their food 
without purifying 

s their hands?" But he 
said to them, "It was 
about you hypocrites 



92 



The Student's Gospels 



Yet their hearts are 
far away from 
me. 

9 But their worship 
of me is all in 
vain, 

For the lessons they 
teach are but hu- 
man precepts.' ' 

10 And he called the 
people to him and 
said to them, "Listen 
to this, and grasp it! 

11 It is not what goes 
into a man's mouth 
that pollutes him; it 
is what comes out of 
his mouth that pol- 

12 lutes a man." Then 
his disciples came up 
to him and said to 
him, "Do you know 
that the Pharisees 
were shocked to hear 

is you say that?" But 
he answered, "Any 
plant that my heav- 
enly Father did not 
plant must be uproot- 

H ed! Leave them 
alone. They are blind 
guides! But if one 
blind man leads an- 
other, they will both 
fall into the ditch!" 

is Peter said to him, 
"Explain the figure 

16 for us." He said, 
"Have even you no 
understanding yet? 

17 Can you not see that 
whatever goes into 
the mouth passes into 
the stomach and then 

is is disposed of? But 
the things that come 
out of the mouth 
come from the heart, 
and they pollute a ] 



that Isaiah prophe- 
sied so finely, in the 
words, 
'This people honor 
me with their 
lips, 

Yet their hearts are 
far away from 
me. 

7 But their worship 
of me is all in 
vain, 
For the lessons they 
teach are but hu- 
man precepts.' 
s You give up what God 
has commanded and 
hold fast to what men 
have handed down. 
9 How skilful you are," 
he said to them, "in 
nullifying what God 
has commanded in 
order to observe what 
has been handed down 

10 to you. For Moses 
said, 'Honor your fa- 
ther and your moth- 
er," and again, 'Who- 
ever abuses his father 
or mother must be put 

11 to death.' But you 
say, 'If a man says to 
his father or mother, 
"Anything of mine 
that might have been 
of use to you is Kor- 
ban," ' that is, conse- 

12 crated to God, you let 
him off from doing 
anything more for his 

is father or mother, and 
so you nullify what 
God has said by what 
you have handed 
down. You have 
many such practices." 

14 He called the people 
to him again and said 



A Period of Conflict in Galilee 



93 



19 man. For out of the 
heart come wicked de- 
signs, murder, adul- 
tery, immorality, 
stealing, false witness, 

20 impious speech. It is 
these things that pol- 
lute a man, but not 
eating with unwashed 
hands!" 



to them, "Listen to 
me, all of you, and un- 
15 derstand this. Noth- 
ing that goes into a 
man from outside can 
pollute him. It is 
what comes out of a 
man that pollutes 
17 him." When he had 
left the crowd and 
gone home, his dis- 
ciples asked him what 
he meant by this fig- 
is ure. And he said to 
them, "Have not even 
you any understand- 
ing then? Do you not 
see that nothing that 
goes into a man from 
outside can pollute 

19 him, since it does not 
go into his heart but 
into his stomach and 
then is disposed of?" 
So he declared all food 

20 clean. He went on to 
say, "It is what comes 
out of a man that pol- 

21 lutes him. For it is 
from inside, from 
men's hearts, that de- 
signs of evil come; 
immorality, stealing, 

22 murder, adultery, 
greed, malice, deceit, 
indecencies, envy, 
abusiveness, arro- 

23 gance, folly all these 
evils come from in- 
side, and they pollute 
a man." 



PART V 



THE PERIOD OF PREPARATION FOR THE 
APPROACHING CRISIS 

FROM THE ABANDONMENT OF THE PUBLIC MINISTRY 

IN GALILEE TO THE DEPARTURE TO ATTEND 

THE PASSOVER 

46. JESUS IN TYRE AND SIDON 



MATTHEW 15:21-28 

21 And Jesus left that 
place and retired to 
the neighborhood of 

22 Tyre and Sidon. And 
a Cana,anite woman of 
that district came out 
and screamed, "Son 
of David, take pity on 
me, sir ! My daughter 
is dreadfully possessed 

23 by a demon !" But he 
would not answer her 
a word. And his dis- 
ciples . came up and 
urged him, saying, 
"Send her away, for 
she keeps screaming 

24 after us." But he an- 
swered, "I am sent 
only to the lost sheep 
of Israel's house." 

25 And she came and fell 
down before him, and 
said, "Help me, sir!" 

26 He said, "It is not 
right to take the chil- 
dren's bread and 
throw it to the dogs!" 

27 But she said "O yes, 
sir ! For even dogs eat 
the scraps that fall 
from then: masters' 

28 table!" Then Jesus 



MARK 7: 24^30 

24 He left that place 
and went to the neigh- 
borhood of Tyre and 
Sidon. An'd he went 
into a certain house, 
and wanted no one to 
know of it. And he 
could not keep it se- 

25 cret, but a woman 
whose little daughter 
was possessed by a 
foul spirit immediate- 
ly heard about him 
and came and threw 
herself at his feet. 

26 Now the woman was 
a Greek, of Syro- 
phoenician birth. And 
she begged him to 
drive the demon out 

27 of her daughter. He 
said to her, "Let the 
children first eat all 
they want, for it is not 
right to take the chil- 
dren's bread and 
throw it to the dogs." 

28 But she answered, 
"True, sir! and still 
the dogs under the 
table eat what the 

29 children leave!" He 
said to her, "If you 

94 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



95 



answered, "You have 
great faith ! You shall 
have what you want." 
And her daughter was 
cured from that tune. 



can say that, go home; 
the demon has left 
so your daughter." And 
she went home and 
found the child lying 
on the bed, and the 
demon gone. 



47. JESUS EXTENDS HIS MISSION TO GENTILES 
IN THE DECAPOLIS 



MATTHEW 15:29-31 

29 Jesus left that place 
and went along the 
shore of the Sea of 
Galilee, and went up 
on the hillside and sat 

so down there. Then 
great crowds came to 
him bringing with 
them those who were 
lame, crippled, blind, 
or dumb, and many 
others. And they laid 
them down at his feet, 

si and he cured them, so 
that the people were 
astonished to see the 
dumb speak, the lame 
walk, and the blind 
see. And they praised 
the God of Israel. 



MABK7:31-37 

31 He left the neigh- 
borhood of Tyre again 
and went by way of 
Sidon to the Sea of 
Galilee, crossing the 
district of the Ten 

32 Towns. And they 
brought to him a man 
who was deaf and 
hardly able to speak, 
and they begged him 
to lay his hand on 

33 him. He took him off 
by himself away from 
the crowd, and put his 
fingers in the man's 
ears, and touched his 
tongue with saliva. 

34 And he looked up to 
heaven and sighed, 
and said to him, 
"Ephphatha!" 
which means "Open." 

35 And his ears were 
opened and his tongue 
was released and he 

se talked plainly. And 
Jesus forbade them to 
tell anyone about it, 
but the more he for- 
bade them the more 
they spread the news 

37 far and wide. And 
people were utterly 
amazed, and said, 
"How well he has 
done everything! He 



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even makes the deaf 
hear and the dumb 
speak!" 



48. THE FEEDING OF THE FOUR THOUSAND 



MATTHEW 15:32-39 

32 Then Jesus called 
his disciples to him 
and said to them, "I 
pity these people for 
they have been stay- 
ing with me three 
days now and they 
have nothing left to 
eat, and I do not 
mean to send them 
away hungry, for they 
may give out on the 

33 way." The disciples 
said to him, "Where 
can we get bread 
enough in this soli- 
tude to feed such a 

34 crowd?" Jesus said to 
them, "How many 
loaves have you?" 
They said, "Seven, 
and a few small fish." 

35 Then he ordered the 
people to take their 
places on the ground, 

se and he took the seven 
loaves and the fish 
and gave thanks and 
he broke them in 
pieces and gave them 
to his disciples, and 
the disciples gave 
them to the people. 

37 And they all ate and 
satisfied their hunger. 
And the pieces that 
they left that were 
picked up filled seven 

as baskets. There were 
four thousand men 
who were fed, besides 



MARK 8: 1-10 

8 In those days when 
a great crowd had 
gathered again and 
they had nothing to 
eat, he called his dis- 
ciples to him and said 

2 to them, "I pity these 
people, for they have 
been staying with me 
three days now, and 
they have nothing left 

3 to eat. And if I send 
them home hungry 
they will give out on 
the way, for some of 
them come from a dis- 

4 tance." His disciples 
replied, "Where can 
anyone get bread 
enough, here in this 
solitude, to satisfy 
these people's hun- 

s ger?" "How many 
loaves have you?" he 
asked. "Seven," they 

e said. Then he ordered 
the people to take 
their places on the 
ground. And he took 
the seven loaves and 
gave thanks and 
broke them in pieces 
and gave them to his 
disciples to pass, and 
they passed them to 

7 the people. They had 
a few small fish, and 
he blessed them and 
told the disciples to 
pass them also to the 

s people. And they ate 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



97 



women and children. 
39 And he dismissed the 
people and got into 
the boat and went to 
the district of Maga- 
dan. 



49. 



and satisfied their 
hunger. And the 
pieces that they left, 
that were picked up, 
filled seven baskets. 

9 There were about four 
thousand of the peo- 
ple. And he dis- 

10 missed them. Then 
he immediately got 
into the boat with his 
disciples and went to 
the district of Dal- 
manutha. 



THE FINAL EVIDENCE OF THE TRUTH OF 
JESUS' TEACHING 



MATTHEW 16:1-12 

16 The Pharisees and 
Sadducees came up 
and to test him asked 
him to show them a 

4 sign from heaven. He 
answered, "It is a 
wicked and faithless 
age that insists on a 
sign, and no sign will 
be given it but the 
sign of Jonah." And 
he left them and went 

5 away. When the dis- 
ciples went across the 
lake, they forgot to 

G take any bread. And 
Jesus said to them, 
'Look out, and be on 
your guard against 
the yeast of the Phari- 
sees and Sadducees!" 

7 But they were dis- 
cussing something 
with one another, and 
saying, "We have not 
brought any bread!" 

s Jesus noticed it and 
said, "Why are you 
discussing with one 
another your being 



MAKE 8: 11-21 

n The Pharisees came 
out and began a dis- 
cussion with him, test- 
ing him by asking him 
to show them a sign 

12 from heaven. And he 
sighed deeply and 
said, "Why do the 
men of this day ask 
for a sign? I tell you, 
no sign will be given 

is them." And he left 
them and got into the 
boat again and crossed 
to the other side. 

14 Now they had for- 
gotten to bring any 
bread, and they had 
only one loaf with 
them in the boat. 

is And he warned them, 
saying, "Look out! 
Be on your guard 
against the yeast of 
the Pharisees and the 
yeast of Herod!" 

IB They were discussing 
with one another their 
being without bread. 

17 And he noticed it and 



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The Student's Gospels 



without bread? You 
have so little faith! 
9 Do you not under- 
stand yet? Do you 
not remember the five 
loaves for the five 
thousand, and how 
many baskets full you 

10 gathered up? Nor the 
seven loaves for the 
four thousand, and 
how many baskets full 
you gathered up? 

11 Why do you not see 
that I was not talking 
to you about bread? 
But be on your guard 
against the yeast of 
the Pharisees and 

12 Sadducees!" Then 
they understood that 
he was warning them 
not against yeast but 
against the teaching 
of the Pharisees and 
Sadducees. 



said to them, "Why 
do you discuss your 
being without bread? 
Do you not yet see nor 
understand? Are your 
is minds so dull? When 
you have eyes can you 
not see, and when you 
have ears can you not 
hear? Do you not re- 

19 member how many 
baskets of pieces you 
picked up when I 
broke the five loaves 
in pieces for those five 
thousand men?" 
They said to him, 

20 "Twelve." "When I 
broke the seven loaves 
in pieces for the four 
thousand, how many 
baskets of pieces did 
you pick. up?" They 
said to him, "Seven." 

21 He said to them, "Do 
you not understand 
yet?" 



S50. THE HEALING OF THE BLIND MAN 



MARK 8: 22-26 

22 And they came to 
Bethsaida. And peo- 
ple brought a blind 
man to him and 
begged him to touch 

23 him. He took him by 
the hand and led him 
outside the village, 
and spitting in his 
eyes he laid his hands 
on him and asked 
him, "Do you see 

24 any thing?" He looked 
up and said, "I can 
see the people, for 
they look to me like 
trees, only they are 

25 moving about." Then 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



99 



he laid his hands on 
his eyes again, and he 
looked steadily and 
was cured, and saw 
everything plainly. 
26 And he sent him home 
and said to him, "Do 
not even go into the 
village." 



51. THE DISCIPLES AVOW THEIR CONVICTION THAT JESUS 

IS THE CHRIST 



MATTHEW 16 : 13-20 

is When Jesus reached 
the district of Caesa- 
rea Philippi, he asked 
his disciples, "Who 
do people say that 
the Son of Man is?" 

14 They said, "Some say 
John the Baptist, 
others Elijah, and 
still others Jeremiah 
or one of the proph- 

15 ets." He said to them, 
"But who do you say 

16 that I am?" Simon 
Peter answered, "You 
are the Christ, the 
Son of the living 

17 God!" Jesus an- 
swered, "Blessed are 
you, Simon, son of 
Jonah, for human na- 
ture has not disclosed 
this to you, but my 
Father in heaven ! 

is But I tell you, your 
name is Peter, a rock, 
and on this rock I will 
build my church, and 
the powers of death 
shall not subdue it. 

19 I will give you the 
keys 'of the Kingdom 
of Heaven, and what- 
ever you forbid on 
earth will be held in 



MARK 8: 27-30 

27 Then Jesus and his 
disciples went away to 
the villages around 
Caesarea Philippi. On 
the way he questioned 
his disciples and said to 
them, "Who do peo- 
ple say that I am?" 

28 They said to him, 
"John the Baptist; 
others say Elijah, and 
others that you are 
one of the prophets." 

29 And he asked them, 
"But who do you say 
that I am?" Peter an- 
swered and said to 
him, "You are the 

soChrist." And he 
warned them not to 
say this about him to 
anyone. 



LTTKE 9:18-20 

is Once when he was 
praying by himself, 
with only the disciples 
near him, he asked 
them,. "Who do the 
people say that I 

loam?" They answered, 
"John the Baptist, 
though others say Eli- 
jah, and others that 
one of the old proph- 
ets has come back to 

20 life." And he said to 
them, "But who do 
you say that I am?" 
Peter answered, "The 
Christ of God!" 



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The Student's Gospels 



heaven to be forbid- 
den, and whatever 
you permit on earth 
will be held in heaven 
to be permitted." 
20 Then he warned the 
disciples not to tell 
anyone that he was 
the Christ. 



52. JESUS FORETELLS THE FATE AWAITING HIM 



MATTHEW 16:21-28 

21 It was then that 
Jesus Christ for the 
first tune explained 
to his disciples that 
he had to go to Jeru- 
salem and endure 
great suffering there 
at the hands of the 
elders, high priests, 
and scribes, and be 
killed, and be raised 
to life on the third 

22 day. And Peter took 
him aside and began 
to reprove him for it, 
saying, "God bless 
you, Master! that can 
never happen to you !" 

23 But he turned and 
said to Peter, "Get 
out of my sight, you 
Satan ! You hinder 
me, for you do not 
side with God, but 

24 with men!" Then Je- 
sus said to his dis- 
ciples, "If anyone 
wants to go with me, 
he must disregard 
himself and take his 
cross and follow me. 

25 For whoever wants to 
preserve his own life 
will lose it, and who- 
ever loses his life for 

26 me will find it. For 



MAHK 8:31 9:1 

si Then he explained 
to them for the first 
tune that the Son of 
Man must go through 
much suffering, and 
be refused by the eld- 
ers and the high 
priests and the 
scribes, and be killed, 
and rise again three 

32 days after. He told 
them this plainly. 
And Peter took him 
aside, and began to 
reprove him for it. 

33 But turning and see- 
ing his disciples he re- 
proved Peter, and 
said, "Get out of my 
sight, you Satan! for 
you do not side with 
God, but with men." 

34 And he called the peo- 
ple and his disciples 
to him and said to 
them, "If anyone 
wants to go with me, 
he must disregard 
himself, and take his 
cross and follow me. 

35 For whoever wants to 
preserve his own life 
will lose it, and who- 
ever loses his life for 
me and for the good 
news will preserve it. 



LUKE 9:21-27 

21 But he warned 
them particularly not 
to tell this to anyone, 

22 and said, "The Son of 
Man must endure 
great suffering and 
be refused by the 
elders, the high 
priests, and the 
scribes, and be killed, 
and be raised to life on 

23 the third day." And 
he said to everyone, 
"If anyone wants to 
go with me, he must 
disregard himself, and 
take his cross day 
after day and follow 

24 me. For whoever 
wants to preserve his 
life will lose it, and 
whoever loses his life 
for me will preserve 

25 it. What good does 
it do a man to gain 
the whole world and 
lose or forfeit himself? 

20 For if anyone is 
ashamed of me and 
my teaching the Son 
of Man will be 
ashamed of him, when 
he comes with all the 
glory of his Father 
and of the holy angels. 

27 I tell you, some of you 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



101 



what good will it do a 
man if he gains the 
whole world but parts 
with his life? What 
can a man give to buy 

27 back his life? For the 
Son of Man is going to 
come with his angels 
in his Father's glory, 
and then he will re- 
pay everyone for what 

as he has done. I tell 
you, some of you who 
stand here will cer- 
tainly live to see the 
Son of Man come to 
reign!" 



se For what good does it 
do a man to gain the 
whole world and yet 
part with his life? 

37 For what can a man 
give to buy back his 

ss life? For if anyone is 
ashamed of me and 
my teaching in this 
unfaithful and sinful 
age, then the Son of 
Man will be ashamed 
of him, when he comes 
back in his Father's 
glory, with the holy 

9 angels." And he said 
to them, "I tell you, 
some of you who 
stand here will cer- 
tainly live to see the 
reign of God come in 
its might." 



who stand here will 
certainly live to see 
the Kingdom of 
God!" 



53. THE GLORY AND THE TRAGEDY OF THE CHRIST: 
THE TRANSFIGURATION 



MATTHEW 17:1-13 

17 Six days after this, 
Jesus took Peter and 
James and his brother 
John, and led them up 
on a high mountain, 

2 by themselves. And 
his appearance under- 
went a change in their 
presence and his face 
shone like the sun, 
and his clothes be- 
came as white as 

3 light. And Moses and 
Elijah appeared to 
them, talking with 

4 him. And Peter 
spoke, and said to 
Jesus, "Master, how 
good it is that we are 
here! If you wish, I 
will make three huts 
here, one for you, and 



MABK9:2-13 

2 Six days after this 
Jesus took Peter, 
James, and John with 
him, and led them up 
on a high mountain, 
off by themselves. 
And his appearance 
underwent a change in 

3 their presence, and his 
clothes shone whiter 
than any earthly 
bleaching could make 

4 them. And Elijah ap- 
peared to them, ac- 
companied by Moses, 
and they talked with 

s Jesus. Then Peter 
spoke, and said to 
Jesus, "Master, how 
good it is that 
we are here! Let 
us put up three huts, 



LUKE 9:28-36 

28 It was about eight 
days after Jesus said 
this that he took Pe- 
ter, John, and James, 
and went up on the 
mountain to pray. 

29 And as he was pray- 
ing, the look of his 
face changed and his 
clothes turned daz- 

30 zling white. And two 
.men were talking with 
him. They were 

si Moses and Elijah, and 
they appeared in glory 
and spoke of his de- 
parture which he was 
to go through with at 

32 Jerusalem. Peter and 
his companions had 
been overcome by 
sleep, but waking up 



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one for Moses, and 

s one for Elijah." As he 
spoke a bright cloud 
overshadowed them 
and a voice from the 
cloud said, "This is 
my Son, my Beloved. 
He is my Chosen. Lis- 

e ten to him!" When 
the disciples heard it, 
they were dreadfully 
frightened and fell up- 

7 on their faces. And 
Jesus came and 
touched them, and 
said, "Get up and do 

s not be afraid." When 
they looked up they 
saw no one but Jesus 

9 himself. And as they 
were going down the 
mountain Jesus cau- 
tioned them, saying, 
"Do not tell anyone 
of the vision you have 
seen until the Son of 
Man is raised from the 

10 dead." The disciples 
asked him, "Then 
why do the scribes say 
that Elijah has to 

11 come first?" He an- 
swered, "Elijah does 
come and is to reform 

12 everything, but I tell 
you, Elijah has come 
already, and they 
would not recognize 
him, but treated him 
just as they pleased. 
It is in just that way 
that the Son of Man is 
going to be treated by 

is them!" Then the dis- 
ciples understood that 
he was speaking to 
them of John the Bap- 
tist. 



one for you and one 
for Moses and one for 

e Elijah." For he did 
not know what to say, 
they were so fright- 

7 ened. And a cloud 
came and overshad- 
owed them, and from 
the cloud came a 
voice, "This is my 
Son, my Beloved. Lis- 

s ten to him." And sud- 
denly, on looking 
around, they saw that 
there was now no one 
with them but Jesus 

9 alone. As they were 
going down the moun- 
tain, he cautioned 
them to let no one 
know what they had 
seen, until the Son of 
Man should rise from 

10 the dead. And they 
did not forget what 
he said, but discussed 
with one another what 
he meant by the rising 

11 from the dead. And 
they asked him, 
"Why do the scribes 
say that Elijah has 

12 to come first?" He 
said to them, "Elijah 
does come first, and 
reforms everything, 
and does not the 
Scripture say of the 
Son of Man that he 
will suffer much and 

is be refused? Why, I 
tell you, not only has 
Elijah come, but peo- 
ple have treated him 
just as they pleased, 
as the Scripture says 
about him." 



they saw his glorious 
appearance and the 
two men standing by 

33 him. Just as they 
were parting from 
him, Peter said to 
Jesus, "Master, how 
good it is that we are 
here! Let us put up 
three huts, one for 
you and one for Moses 
and one for Elijah!" 
For he did not know 
what he was saying. 

34 But as he said it, a 
cloud came and over- 
shadowed them, and 
they were frightened 
as they passed under 

35 the cloud. And from 
the cloud came a voice 
that said, ' 'This is my 
Son, my Chosen! 
Listen to him!" 

36 At the sound of the 
voice, they saw that 
Jesus was alone. And 
they kept silence, and 
said nothing about it 
to anyone at that 
tune. 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



103 



54. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE MESSIAH OVER HIS DISCIPLES 



MATTHEW 17:14r-21 



14 



When they came to 
the people again, a 
man came up to him 
and fell on his knees, 

is saying, "Master, take 
pity on my son, for he 
has epilepsy and is 
very wretched; he 
often falls into the 
fire or into the water. 

is And I brought him 
to your disciples and 
they have not been 
able to cure him." 

17 Jesus answered, "O 
you unbelieving, ob- 
stinate people! How 
long must I be with 
you? How long must 
I put up with you? 
Bring him here to 

is me!" And Jesus re- 
proved the demon and 
it came out of him, 
and from that mo- 
ment the boy was 

19 cured. Afterward, 
when he was alone, 
the disciples went to 
Jesus and said to him, 
"Why could we not 

20 drive it out?" He 
said to them, "Be- 
cause you have so little 
faith. For I tell you, 
if you have faith the 
size of a grain of mus- 
tard, you can say to 
this mountain 'Move 
from here over to 
there!' and it will 
move, and , nothing 
will be impossible for 
you." 



u When they came to 
the disciples, they saw 
a great crowd around 
them, and some scribes 
arguing with them. 

is And all the people 
were amazed when 
they saw him, and 
they ran up to him 

16 and greeted him. And 
he asked them, "What 
are you discussing 

17 with them?" One of 
the crowd answered, 
"Master, I brought 
my son to you, for he 
is possessed by a dumb 

is spirit, and wherever it 
seizes him it con- 
vulses him, and he 
foams at the mouth 
and grinds his teeth; 
and he is wasting 
away. I told your dis- 
ciples to drive it out, 
and they could not do 

19 it." He answered 
them and said, "O 
you unbelieving peo- 
ple, how long must I 
be with you? How 
long must I put up 
with you? Bring him 

20 here to me!" And 
they brought the boy 
to him. As soon as the 
spirit saw him, it con- 
vulsed the boy, and he 
fell down on the 
ground and rolled 
about, foaming at the 

21 mouth. Jesus asked 
the boy's father, 
"How long has he 
been like this?" And 
he said, "From his 



LUKE 9:37-43a 

37 The next day, when 
they had come down 
from the mountain, it 
happened that a great 

as crowd met him. And 
a man in the crowd 
shouted, "Master, I 
beg you to look at my 
son, for he is my only 

39 child, and all at once a 
spirit seizes him, and 
he suddenly cries out, 
and it convulses him 
until he foams at the 
mouth, and it leaves 
him, after a struggle, 

40 badly bruised. And I 
begged your disciples 
to drive it out, and 

41 they could not." Je- 
sus answered, "O you 
unbelieving, obstinate 
people ! How long 
must I be with you 
and put up with you? 
Bring your son here!" 

42 Even while the boy 
was coming, the de- 
mon threw him down 
and convulsed him, 
but Jesus reproved 
the foul spirit and 
cured the boy and 
gave him back to his 

" father. And they were 
all amazed at the pow- 
er of God. 



104 



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22 childhood, and many 
a time it has thrown 
him into the fire or 
into the water, to put 
an end to him. But if 
there is anything you 
can do, take pity on 

23 us and help us!" Je- 
sus said to him, " 'If 
there is anything I can 
do !' Everything is 
possible for one who 

24 has faith!" The boy's 
father immediately 
cried out, "I have 
faith! Help my want 

25 of faith !" Then Jesus, 
seeing that a crowd 
was rapidly gathering, 
reproved the foul spir- 
it and said to it, "You 
deaf and dumb spirit, 
get out of him, I 
charge you, and 
never enter him 

26 again!" And it gave 
a cry and convulsed 
him terribly, and went 
out of him. And the 
boy was like a corpse, 
so that most of them 
said that he was dead. 

27 But Jesus grasped his 
hand and made him 
rise, and he stood up. 

28 When he had gone 
home, and his disci- 
ples were alone with 
him, they asked him, 
"Why could not we 

29 drive it out?" He said 
to them, "This kind 
of thing can only be 
driven out by prayer." 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



105 



55. THE DISCIPLES ARE UNWILLING TO BELIEVE IN THE 
DEATH OF THE MESSIAH 



MATTHEW 17:22-23 

22 As they were going 
about in Galilee, Jesus 
said to them, "The 
Son of Man is going to 
be handed over to 

2.3 men, and they will kill 
him, but on the third 
day he will be raised 
to life again." And 
they were greatly dis- 
tressed. 



MAEK9:30-32 

30 And they left that 
place and made their 
way through Galilee, 
and he did not wish 

31 anyone to know it; for 
he was teaching his 
disciples, saying to 
them, "The Son of 
Man is to be handed 
over to men, and they 
will kill him, and three 
days after he is killed 
he will rise again." 

32 But they did not un- 
derstand what he 
meant, and they were 
afraid to ask him 
about it. 



LUKE 9:43&-45 

4 6 3 While everybody 
was full of wonder at 
all that he was doing, 
he said to his disci- 

44 pies, "You must store 
up these teachings in 
your minds for the 
Son of Man is going to 
be handed over to 

45 men." But they did 
not understand what 
he meant, indeed it 
was concealed from 
them, in order that 
they might not com- 
prehend it, and they 
were afraid to ask 
him what he meant. 



56. REGARD FOR THE FEELINGS OF OTHERS 



MATTHEW 17:24-27 

24 When they reached 
Capernaum, the col- 
lectors of the temple- 
tax came and said to 
Peter, "Does not your 
Master pay the tem- 

25 pie-tax?" He said, 
"Yes." But when he 
went home, Jesus 
spoke of it first and 
said, "What do you 
think, Simon? From 
whom do earthly 
kings collect duties 
and taxes? From their 
own people, or from 

26 aliens?" He said, 
"From aliens." Jesus 
said to him, "Then 
their own people are 

27 exempt. But rather 
than give offense to 
them, go down to the 



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sea and throw in a 
hook. Take the first 
fish that conies up, 
open its mouth and 
you will find in it a 
dollar. Take that and 
pay the tax for us 
both." 



57. SIMPLICITY, TOLERANCE, AND A FORGIVING SPIRIT 



MATTHEW 18:1-35 

18 Just at that time 
the disciples came up 
and asked Jesus, 
"Who is really great- 
est in the Kingdom of 

2 Heaven?" He called a 
child to him and had 
him stand among 

3 them, and he said, "I 
tell you, unless you 
change and become 
like children, you will 
never get into the 
Kingdom of Heaven 

4 at all. Anyone, there- 
fore, who is as unas- 
suming as this child is 
the greatest in the 
Kingdom of Heaven, 

s and anyone who wel- 
comes one child like 
this on my account 

e welcomes me. But 
whoever hinders one of 
these children who be- 
lieve in me might bet- 
ter have a great mill- 
stone hung around his 
neck and be sunk in 

7 the open sea. Alas for 
the world for such 
hindrances! They 
have to come, but 
alas for the man who 

s causes them ! But if 
your own hand or 



MABK9:33-50 

33 And they reached 
Capernaum. When he 
reached home, he 
asked them, "What 
was it that you were 
discussing on the 

34 way?" But they made 
no answer, for on the 
way they had been 
discussing with one 
another which of them 

35 was the greatest. And 
he sat down and called 
the Twelve in, and 
said to them, "If any- 
one wishes to be first, 
he must be the last of 
all and the servant of 

SG all." And he took a 
child and made him 
stand among them, 
and he put his arms 
around him, and said 

37 to them, "Whoever 
welcomes one child 
like this on my ac- 
count is welcoming 
me, and whoever wel- 
comes me, welcomes 
not me but him who 

as has sent me." John 
said to him, "Master, 
/we saw a man driving 
out demons with your 
name, and we told 
him not to do so, for 



LUKE 9:46-50 

48 A discussion arose 
among them as to 
which would be the 

47 greatest. But Jesus 
knew the question 
that was in their 
minds and he took a 
child and made him 

48 stand by his side, and 
said to them, "Who- 
ever welcomes this 
child on my account 
is welcoming m'e, and 
whoever welcomes me, 
welcomes him who 
has sent me. For it is 
the lowliest among 
you all who is really 

49 great." John an- 
swered, "Master, we 
saw a man driving out 
demons with your 
name, and we told 
him not to do so, for 
he does not go with 

so us." Jesus said to 
him, "Do not try to 
stop him, for the man 
who is not against you 
is for you." 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



107 



your own foot makes 
you fall, cut it off and 
throw it away. You 
might better enter up- 
on life maimed or crip- 
pled than keep both 
hands and feet but be 
thrown into the ever- 
9 lasting fire. And if 
your own eye makes 
you fall, dig it out and 
throw it away. You 
might better enter up- 
on life with only one 
eye than be thrown 
with both eyes into 
10 the fiery pit. Beware 
of feeling scornful of 
one single little child, 
for I tell you that in 
heaven their angels 
have continual access 
to my Father in heav- 

12 en. What do you 
think? If a man has a 
hundred sheep and 
one of them strays 
away, will he not leave 
the ninety-nine on the 
hills, and go in search 
of the one that is 

13 astray? And if he 
happens to find it, I 
tell you he rejoices 
more over it than he 
does over the ninety- 
nine that did not 

14 stray. In just that 
way, it is the will of 
my Father in heaven 
that not a single one 
of these children be 

15 lost. But if your 
brother wrongs you, 
go to him and show 
him his fault while 
you are alone with 
him. If he listens to 
you, you have won 



he was not one of our 

39 followers." But Jesus 
said, "Do not tell him 
not to do so, for there 
is no one who will use 
my name to do a 
mighty act, and be able 
soon after to abuse me. 

40 For the man who is 
not against us is for 

41 us. For whoever gives 
you a cup of water to 
drink, on the ground 
that you belong to 
Christ, I tell you, will 
certainly not fail to be 

42 repaid. And whoever 
causes one of these 
humble believers to 
fall might better have 
a great millstone hung 
around his neck and 
be thrown into the 

43 sea. If your hand 
makes you fall, cut it 
off. You might better 

44 enter upon life 
maimed, than go with 
both your hands to the 
pit, into the fire that 
cannot be put out. 

45 And if your foot makes 
you fall, cut it off. You 
might better enter in- 
to life crippled, than 
be thrown with both 
your feet into the pit. 

47 And if your eye makes 
you fall, tear it out. 
You might better get 
into the Kingdom of 
God with only one eye 
than be thrown with 
both your eyes into 

48 the pit, where the 
worm that feeds upon 
them never dies and 
the fire is never put 

49 out. Everyone must 



108 



The Student's Gospels 



back your brother. 

is But if he will not lis- 
ten, take one or two 
others with you, so 
that everything may 
be supported by the 
testimony of two or 

17 three witnesses. If he 
refuses to listen to 
them, tell the congre- 
gation. And if he re- 
fuses to listen to it, 
treat him as a heath- 
en or a tax-collector. 

is I tell you, whatever 
you forbid on earth 
will be held in heav- 
en to be forbidden, 
and whatever you per- 
mit on earth will be 
held in heaven to be 

19 permitted. Again, I 
tell you, if even two 
of you here on earth 
agree about what they 
shall pray for, it will 
be given them by 
my Father in heaven. 

20 For wherever two or 
three are gathered as 
my followers, I am 
there among them." 

21 Then Peter came to 
him and said, "Master, 
how many times am I 
to forgive my brother 
when he wrongs me? 
Seven times over?" 

22 Jesus said to him, 
"Not seven times 
over, I tell you, but 
seventy-seven tunes 

23 over ! For this reason 
the Kingdom of Heav- 
en may be compared 
to a king, who re- 
solved to settle ac- 
counts with his slaves. 

24 And when he set 



be seasoned with fire. 
so Salt is a good thing, 
but if salt loses its 
strength, what will 
you use to season it? 
You must have salt 
within you, and live 
in peace with one an- 
other." 



The Period of Preparation for the Crisis 



109 



about doing so, a man 
was brought in who 
owed him ten million 

25 dollars. And as he 
could not pay, his 
master ordered him to 
be sold, with his wife 
and children and all 
he had, in payment of 

ze the debt. So the 
slave threw himself 
down before him and 
implored him, 'Give 
me time, and I will 

27 pay you all of it.' And 
his master's heart was 

touched, and he let 
the slave go and can- 

28 celed the debt. But 
when the slave went 
out he met a fellow- 
slave of his who owed 
him twenty dollars, 
and he caught him by 
the throat and began 
to choke him, saying, 
'Pay me what you 

29 owe!' So his fellow- 
slave threw himself 
down before him, and 
begged him, 'Give me 
time, and I will pay 

so you.' But he refused 
and went and had 
him put in prison until 
he should pay the 

31 debt. When his fel- 
low-slaves saw what 
had happened, they 
were greatly dis- 
tressed, and they went 
to their master and re- 
ported the whole mat- 

32 ter to him. Then his 
master called him in 
and said to him, '.You 
wicked slave! I can- 
celed all that debt of 
yours when you en- 



110 



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33 treated me. Ought 
you not to have taken 
pity on your fellow- 
slave, as I did on you?' 

34 So his master in his 
anger handed him 
over to the jailers, un- 
til he should pay all 

35 he owed him. That is 
what my heavenly 
Father will do to you, 
if you do not each for- 
give your brothers 
from your hearts!" 



PART VI 
THE LAST PERIOD OF PUBLIC TEACHING 

FROM THE FINAL DEPARTURE FROM GALILEE UNTIL 
THE ARRIVAL IN JERUSALEM AT THE PASSOVER 

58. THE DEPARTURE FROM GALILEE 



MATTHEW 19:1-2; 
8:18-22 

19 When Jesus had fin- 
ished this discourse, 
he left Galilee and 
went to the part of 
Judea that is on the 
other side of the Jor- 

2 dan. Great crowds 
followed him about 
and he cured them 
there. 

x | Then Jesus, seeing 
a crowd about him, 
gave orders to cross 
to the other side. 

19 And a scribe came up 
and said to him, 
"Master, I will follow 
you wherever you are 

20 going!" And Jesus 
said to him, "Foxes 
have holes and wild 
birds have nests, but 
the Son of Man has 
nowhere to lay his 

21 head!" And another 
of his disciples said to 
him, "Let me first go, 
sir, and bury my fa- 

22 ther." But Jesus said 
to him, "Follow me, 
and leave the dead to 
bury their own dead !" 



MABK 10 : 1 

10 And he left that 
place and went into 
the district of Judea 
and crossed the Jor- 
" dan, and crowds of 
people again gathered 
about him, and again 
he taught them as he 
was accustomed to do. 



LUKE 9:51-62 
si As the time ap- 
proached when he was 
to be taken up to 
heaven, he set his face 
toward Jerusalem, 

52 and sent messengers 
before him. They 
started out and went 
into a Samaritan vil- 
lage, to make prepara- 

53 tions for him. And 
the people there would 
not receive him, be- 
cause he was going to 

54 Jerusalem. When the 
disciples, James and 
John, saw this, they 
said, "Master, will 
you have us order fire 
to come down from 
heaven and consume 

55 them?" But he turned 
and reproved them. 

SB And they went on to 

57 another village. As 
they were going along 
the road, a man said 
to him, "I will follow 
you wherever you go." 

58 Jesus said to him, 
"Foxes have holes, 
and wild birds have 
nests, but the Son of 
Man has nowhere to 

59 lay his head!" He 
said to another, "Fol- 



111 



112 



The Student's Gospels 



low me." But he said, 
"Let me first go and 

eo bury my father." Je- 
sus said to him, 
"Leave the dead to 
bury their own dead; 
you must go and 
spread the news of the 
Kingdom of God!" 

6i Yet another man said 
to him, "Master, I am 
going to follow you, 
but let me first say 
goodbye to my people 

ea at home." Jesus said 
to him, "No one who 
puts his hand to the 
plough, and then looks 
back, is fitted for the 
Kingdom of God." 



59. THE MISSION OF THE SEVENTY 



MATTHEW 11:20-30 

20 Then he began to re- 
proach the towns in 
which his numerous 
wonders had been 
done, because they 
did not repent. 

21 "Alas for you, Cho- 
razin! Alas for you, 
Bethsaida ! For if the 
wonders that have 
been done in you had 
been done in Tyre and 
Sidon, they would 
have repented in sack- 
cloth and ashes long 

22 ago! But I tell you, 
Tyre and Sidon will 
fare better on the Day 
of Judgment than you 

23 will ! And you, Caper- 
naum ! Are you to be 
exalted to the skies? 
You will go down 
among the dead ! For 
if the wonders that 



LUKE 10:1-24 

10 After this the Mas- 
ter appointed seven- 
ty-two others, and 
sent them on before 
him, two by two, to 
every town or place to 
which he intended to 

2 come. And he said to 
them, "The harvest is 
abundant enough, but 
the reapers are few. 
So pray to the owner 
of the harvest to send 
reapers to gather it. 

3 Now go. Here I send 
you out like lambs 

4 among wolves. Carry 
no purse nor wallet 
nor shoes, and do not 
stop to exchange ci- 
vilities with anyone 

s on the way. When- 
ever you go to stay at 
a house, first say, 
'Peace to this house- 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



113 



have been done in you 
had been done in Sod- 
om, it would have 
stood until today. 

24 But I tell you that the 
land of Sodom will 
fare better on the Day 
of Judgment than you 

25 will!" At that same 
time Jesus said, "I 
thank you, Father, 
Lord of heaven and 
earth, for hiding all 
this from the learned 
and intelligent and re- 
vealing it to children. 

26 -Yes, I thank you, Fa- 
ther, for choosing to 

27 have it so. Every- 
thing has been handed 
over to me by my Fa- 
ther, and no one un- 
derstands the Son but 
the Father, nor does 
anyone understand 
the Father but the 
Son and anyone to 
whom the Son chooses 

28 to reveal him. Come 
to me, all of you who 
toil and are burdened, 
and I will let you rest. 

29 Let my yoke be put 
upon you, and learn 
from me, for I am 
gentle and humble- 
minded, and your 
hearts will find rest, 

30 for the yoke I offer 
you is a kindly one, 
and the load I ask 
you to bear is light." 



e hold !' If there is any- 
one there who loves 
peace, your blessing 
will rest upon him, 
but if there is not, it 
will come back to you. 

7 Stay at the same 
house, eating and 
drinking what they 
offer you, for the 
workman deserves his 
pay. Do not change 
from one house to an- 

s other. Whenever you 
come to a town and 
they welcome you, eat 
what is offered you, 

9 and cure the sick 
there, and say to 
them, 'The Kingdom 
of God is close upon 
10 you!' But whenever 
you come to a town 
and they do not wel- 
come you, go out into 
the open streets and 

11 say, 'The very dust of 
your town that sticks 
to our feet we wipe 
off in protest. But un- 
derstand this : the 
Kingdom of God is at 

12 hand!' I tell you, on 
that Day Sodom will 
fare better than that 

is town! Alas for you, 
Chorazin ! Alas for 
you, Bethsaida! For 
if the wonders that 
have been done in 
you had been done in 
Tyre and Sidon, they 
would have repented 
long ago, sitting in 
sackcloth and ashes! 

14 But Tyre and Sidon 
will fare better than 
you at the Judgment ! 

15 And you, Caperna- 



114 



The Student's Gospels 



tun ! Are you to be ex- 
alted to the skies? 
You will go down 
among the dead ! 

is Whoever listens to 
you listens to me, and 
whoever disregards 
you disregards me, 
and whoever disre- 
gards me disregards 
him who sent me." 

17 The seventy-two came 
back delighted, and 
said," "Master, when 
we use your name the 
very demons submit 

is to us!" He said to 
them, "I saw Satan 
fall from heaven like 
a flash of lightning! 

19 Here I have given you 
the power to tread on 
snakes and scorpions, 
and to trample on all 
the power of the ene- 
my. Nothing will 

20 hurt you at all. But 
do not be glad that 
the spirits submit to 
you, but be glad that 
your names are en- 

21 rolled in heaven." At 
that moment he was 
inspired with joy, and 
said, "I thank you, 
Father, Lord of heav- 
en and earth, for hid- 
ing all this- from the 
learned and intelli- 
gent, and revealing it 
to children! Yes, I 
thank you, Father, for 
choosing to have it so ! 

22 Everything has been 
handed over to me by 
my Father, and no 
one knows who the 
Son is but the Father, 
nor who the Father is 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



115 



but the Son, and any- 
one to whom the Son 
chooses to reveal 

23 him." And he turned 
to his disciples when 
they were alone, and 
said, "Blessed are the 
eyes that see what you 

24 see ! For I tell you, 
many prophets and 
kings have wished to 
see what you see, and 
could not see it, and 
to hear what you 
hear, and could not 
hear it!" 



60. GAINING ETERNAL LIFE THROUGH LOVE 



LUKE 10:25-37 

25 Then an expert in 
the Law got up to test 
him and said, "Mas- 
ter, what must I do to 
make sure of eternal 

26 life?" Jesus said to 
him, "What does the 
Law say? How does it 

27 read?" He answered, 
" 'You must love the 
Lord your God, with 
your whole heart, 
your whole soul, your 
whole strength, and 
your whole mind,' and 
'your neighbor as you 

as do yourself.' " Jesus 
said to him, "You are 
right. Do that, and 

29 you will live." But he, 
wishing to justify his 
question, said, "And 
who is my neighbor?" 

so Jesus replied, "A man 
was on his way down 
from Jerusalem to 
Jericho, when he fell 
into the hands of rob- 
bers, and they stripped 



116 



The Student's Gospels 



him and beat him and 
went off leaving him 
si half dead. Now a 
priest happened to be 
going that way, and 
when he saw him, he 
went by on the other 

32 side of the road. And a 
Levite also came to the 
place, and when he 
saw him, he went by 

33 on the other side. But 
a Samaritan who was 
traveling that way 
came upon him, and 
when he saw him he 

34 pitied him, and he 
went up to him and 
dressed his wounds 
with oil and wine and 
bound them up. And 
he put him on his own 
mule and brought him 
to an inn and took 

as care of him. The next 
day he took out a dol- 
lar and gave it to the 
innkeeper and said, 
'Take care of him, and 
whatever more you 
spend I will refund to 
you on my way back.' 

se Which of these three 
do you think proved 
himself a neighbor to 
the man who fell into 
the robbers' hands?" 

37 He said, "The man 
who took pity on 
him." Jesus said to 
him, "Go and do so 
yourself!" 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



117 



61. JESUS AS A GUEST 



LUKE 10:38-42 

as As they continued 
their journey, he came 
to a certain village, 
and a woman named 
Martha welcomed him 

39 to her house. She had 
a sister named Mary, 
who seated herself at 
the Master's feet, and 
listened to what he 

40 was saying. But Mar- 
tha was worried with 
all she had to do for 
them, and she came 
up and said, "Master, 
does it make no differ- 
ence to you that my 
sister has left me to do 
all the work alone? 
Tell her to help me." 

41 The Master answered, 
"Martha, Martha, 
you are worried and 
anxious about many 

42 things, but our wants 
are few, indeed there 
is only one thing we 
need. For Mary has 
chosen the right thing, 
and it must not be 
taken away from her." 



62. THE REASONABLENESS OF PRAYER 



LUKE 11 : 1-13 

11 Once as he was 
praying in a certain 
place, when he 
stopped, one of his 
disciples said to him, 
"Master, teach us to 
pray, as John taught 

2 his disciples." He said 
to them, "When you 
pray, say, 'Father, 
your name be revered ! 



118 



The Student's Gospels 



Your kingdom come! 

3 Give us each day our 

4 bread for the day, and 
forgive us our sins, 
for we ourselves for- 
give anyone who 
wrongs us; and do not 
subject us to tempta- 

s tion.' " And he said 
to them, "Suppose 
one of you has a friend, 
and goes to him in the 
middle of the night, 
and says to him, 
'Friend, lend me three 

a loaves, for a friend of 
mine has just come to 
my house after a jour- 
ney, and I have noth- 
ing for him to eat,' 

r and he answers from 
inside, 'Do not bother 
me; the door is now 
fastened, and my 
children and I have 
gone to bed; I cannot 

s get up and give you 
any.' I tell you, 
even if he will not 
get up and give him 
some because he is his 
friend, yet because of 
his persistence he will 
rouse himself and give 

9 him all he needs. So I 
tell you, ask, and 
what you ask will be 
given you. Search, 
and you will find what 
you search for. Knock, 
and the door will open 

10 to you. For it is al- 
ways the one who 
asks who receives, and 
the one who searches 
who finds, and the 
one who knocks to 
whom the door opens. 

11 Which of you fathers, 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



119 



if his son asks him for 
a fish will give him a 

12 snake instead? Or if 
he asks for an egg, 
will give him a scorpi- 

13 on? So if you, bad as 
you are, know enough 
to give your children 
what is good, how 
much more surely will 
your Father in heaven 
give the holy Spirit to 
those who ask him 
for it!" 



63. HOW RESPECTABILITY MAY BECOME HYPOCRISY 



LUKE 11:37-54 

37 When he said this, a 
Pharisee asked him to 
lunch with him, and 
he went to his house 
and took his place at 

ss table. The Pharisee 
noticed that he did 
not wash before the 
meal, and he was sur- 

39 prised. But the Mas- 
ter said to him, "You 
Pharisees clean the 
outside of cups and 
dishes, but inside you 
are full of greed and 

40 wickedness. You 
fools! Did not the 
Creator of the outside 
make the inside too? 

41 But give your inmost 
life as charity, and 
you will immediately 
find everything clean. 

42 But alas for you Phar- 
isees! For you pay 
tithes on mint, rue, 
and every tiny herb, 
and disregard justice 
and the love of God. 
But you should have 
observed these, with- 



120 



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out neglecting the 

43 others. Alas for you 
Pharisees ! For you 
love to have the front 
seat in the synagogues 
and to be saluted with 
respect in public 

44 places. Alas for you ! 
For you are like un- 
marked graves which 
men tread upon with- 

45 out knowing it." At 
this, one of the ex- 
perts in the Law said 
to him, "Master, when 
you say that, you 

46 affront us too." But 
he said, "Yes, alas for 
you experts in the 
Law too! For you 
load men with bur- 
dens .they can hardly 
carry, and you will 
not touch them your- 
selves with a single 

47 finger. Alas for you! 
For you build monu- 
ments for the proph- 
ets, whom your fore- 

48 fathers killed. So you 
testify to what your 
fathers did and ap- 
prove it, for they 
killed them and you 
build their monu- 

49 ments. This is why 
the Wisdom of God 
said, 'I will send 
prophets and apostles 
to them, and some of 
them they will kill 
and some they will 

so persecute' so that 
this age may be 
charged with the 
blood of all the proph- 
ets that has been shed 
since the creation of 

si the world, from the 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



121 



blood of Abel to the 
blood of Zechariah, 
who perished between 
the altar and the sanc- 
tuary. Yes, I tell you ! 
This age will be 
charged with it all! 

52 Alas for you experts 
in the Law! For you 
have taken the key to 
the door of knowledge, 
but you have not en- 
tered it yourselves, 
and you have kept 
out those who tried to 

53 enter." After he left 
the house, the scribes 
and the Pharisees be- 
gan to watch him 
closely and to try to 
draw him out on 

54 many subjects, plot- 
ting to entrap him in 
something he might 
say. 



64. THE HIGHER LOYALTIES OF RELIGION 



LUKE, CHAPTER 12 

12 Meanwhile as the 
people gathered in 
thousands, until they 
actually trod on one 
another, he proceeded 
to say to his disciples 
first of all, "Beware of 
the yeast of the Phari- 
sees, that is, hypoc- 

2 risy. There is nothing 
covered up that is not 
going to be uncovered, 
nor secret that is not 
going to be known. 

3 For what you say in 
the darkness will be 
heard in the light, and 
what you whisper in 
someone's ear, behind 
closed doors, will be 



122 



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proclaimed from the 
4 housetops. I tell you, 
who are my friends, 
have no fear of those 
who kill the body, and 
after that can do no 
s more. I will show you 
whom to fear: fear 
him who, after killing 
you, has power to hurl 
you into the pit. Yes, 
fear him, I tell you. 

6 Do not sparrows sell 
five for two cents? 
And yet not one of 
them is forgotten in 

7 God's sight. But the 
very hairs on your 
heads are all counted ! 
You must not be 
afraid; you are worth 
more than a great 

s many sparrows ! I tell 
you, everyone who 
will acknowledge me 
before men, the Son of 
Man will acknowledge 
before the angels of 

9 God, but anyone who 
disowns me before 
men will be disowned 
before the angels of 

10 God. And anyone 
who speaks against 
the Son of Man will 
be forgiven for it, but 
no one who reviles the 
holy Spirit will be for- 

11 given. When they 
bring you before the 
synagogues or the 
magistrates or the 
authorities, you must 
have no anxiety about 
how to defend your- 
selves or what you 

12 say, for at the very 
moment the holy 
Spirit will teach 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



123 



you what you ought 

is to say." Someone in 
the crowd said to him, 
"Master, tell my 
brother to give me my 
share of our inherit- 

14 ance." But he said to 
him, "Who made me 
a judge or arbitrator 

is of your affairs?" And 
he said to them, 
"Take care ! You 
must be on your guard 
against any form of 
greed, for a man's life 
does not belong to 
him, no matter how 

IB rich he is." And he 
told them this story: 
"A certain rich man's 
lands yielded heavily. 

17 And he said to him- 
self, 'What am I going 
to do, for I have no- 
where to store my 

is crops?' Then he said, 
'This is what I will 
do; I will tear down 
my barns and build 
larger ones, and in 
them I will store all 
my grain and my 

19 goods. And I will say 
to my soul, 'Soul, 
you have great 
wealth stored up for 
years to come. Now 
take your ease; eat, 
drink, and enjoy your- 

20 self.' But God said to 
him, 'You fool! This 
very night your soul 
will be demanded of 
you. Then who will 
have all you have pre- 
21 pared?' That is the 

way with the man 
who lays up money 
for himself, and is not 



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22 rich with God." And 
he said to his disciples, 
"Therefore, I tell you, 
do not worry about 
life, wondering .what 
you will have to eat, 
or about your body, 
wondering what you 
will have to wear. 

23 Life is more important 
than food, and the 
body than clothes. 

24 Think of the crows ! 
They do not sow or 
reap, and they have 
no storehouses or 
barns, and God feeds 
them. How much 
more you are worth 

25 than the birds ! Which 
of you with all his 
worry can add a single 

26 hour to his life? So if 
you cannot do the 
least good, why should 
you worry about the 

27 rest? See how the 
lilies grow. They do 
not toil or spin, but, I 
tell you, even Solo- 
mon in all his splendor 
was never dressed like 

28 one ;of them. But if 
God so dresses the 
wild grass, which is 
alive today, and is 
thrown into the fur- 
nace tomorrow, how 
much more surely will 
he clothe you, who 

29 have so little faith? So 
you must not ask 
what you are to have 
to eat or drink, and 
you must not be 

so anxious about it. For 
these are all things 
the nations of the 
world are in pursuit 



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of, and your Father 
knows well that you 

31 need them. But you 
must strive to find his 
kingdom, and you 
will have these 
other things besides. 

32 Do not be afraid, lit- 
tle flock, for your Fa- 
ther has chosen to 
give you the kingdom. 

33 Sell what belongs to 
you, and give away 
the money! Get your- 
selves purses that will 
never wear out, inex- 
haustible riches in 
heaven, where thieves 
cannot get near nor 

34 moths destroy. For 
wherever your treas- 
ure is, your heart will 

35 be too. You must be 
ready with your lamps 

se burning, like men 
waiting for their mas- 
ter to come home from 
a wedding, so that 
when he cornea and 
knocks, they can open 
the door for him at 

37 once. Blessed are the 
slaves whom their 
master will find on 
the watch when he 
comes. I tell you, he 
will gird up his robe 
and make them take 
their places at table, 
and go around and 

ss wait on them. Wheth- 
er he comes late at 
night or early in the 
morning and finds 
them on the watch, 

39 they are blessed. But 
you may be sure of 
this, that if the mas- 
ter of the house had 



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known what time the 
thief was coining, he 
would have been on 
the watch, and would 
not have let his house 

40 be broken into. You 
must be ready too, for 
the Son of Man is 
coming at a time when 
you do not expect 

41 him." Peter said to 
him, "Master, do you 
mean this figure for 
us, or is it for every- 

42 body?" And the Mas- 
ter said, "Who then 
will be the faithful, 
thoughtful manager, 
whom his master will 
put in charge of his 
household, to give the 
members of it their 
supplies at the proper 

43 time? Blessed is that 
slave if his master 
when he returns finds 

44 him doing it. I tell 
you, he will put him 
in charge of all his 

45 property. But if the 
slave says to himself, 
'My master is not 
coming back for a 
long time,' and begins 
to beat the men and 
women slaves and to 
eat and drink and get 

46 drunk, that slave's 
master will come back 
some day when he 
does not expect him, 
and at some time of 
which he does not 
know, and will cut 
him in two, and put 
him with the unbe- 

47 lievers. The slave 
who knows his mas- 
ter's wishes but does 



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not get ready or act 
upon them, will be se- 

48 verely punished. But 
one who does wrong 
without knowing 
them will be lightly 
punished. From any- 
one who has been giv- 
en much, much will be 
required, and of the 
man to whom people 
have intrusted much, 
they will demand even 

49 more. I have come to 
bring fire down to the 
earth, and how I wish 
it were kindled al- 
so ready! I have a bap- 
tism to undergo, and 
how distressed I am 

si till it is over ! Do you 
think I have come to 
bring peace to the 
earth? Not peace, I 
tell you, but discord! 

as For from now on if 
there are five people 
in a house they will be 
divided three against 
two and two against 

53 three. Father will be 
against son, and son 
against father, moth- 
er against daughter 
and daughter against 
mother, mother-in- 
law against daughter- 
in-law and daughter- 
in-law against her 

54 mother-in-law." And 
he said to the crowds, 
"When you see a 
cloud rise in the west, 
you say at once, 'It is 
going to rain,' and it 

55 does. And when you 
see the south wind 
blowing, you say, 'It 
is going to be very 



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se hot,' and it is. You 
hypocrites! You 
know how to inter- 
pret the look of the 
earth and sky; and 
why can you not in- 
terpret this present 

57 time? Why do you 
not decide what is 
right for yourselves? 

ss For when you are 
going before the mag- 
istrate with your op- 
ponent, do your best 
on the way to get rid 
of him, or he may 
hurry you off to the 
judge and the judge 
hand you over to the 
constable and the con- 
stable throw you into 

59 prison. I tell you, 
you will never get out 
again until you have 
paid the last cent!" 



65. THE INEVITABLE SORROW ATTENDING SIN 



LUKE 13 : 1-9 
13 Just then some peo- 
ple came up to bring 
him word of the Gali- 
leans whose blood Pi- 
late had mingled with 
that of their sacrifices. 

2 And he answered, "Do 
you think, because 
this happened to 
them, that these Gali- 
leans were worse sin- 
ners than any other 

3 Galileans? No, I tell 
you; unless you re- 
pent, you will all 

4 perish as they did ! Or 
those eighteen people 
at Siloam who were 
killed when the tower 
fell upon them do 



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you think they were 
worse offenders than 
all the other people 
who live in Jerusalem? 

5 No, I tell you; unless 
you repent, you will 
all perish as they did !" 

c He used thig figure: 
"A man had a fig tree 
growing in his garden, 
and he went to look 
for fruit on it, and 
could not find any. 

7 And he said to the 
gardener, 'Here I have 
come three years to 
look for fruit on this 
fig tree, without find- 
ing any. Cut it down. 
Why should it waste 

s the ground?' He an- 
swered, 'Let it stand 
this one year more, 
sir, tih 1 I dig around it 

9 and manure it; per- 
haps it will bear fruit 
next year. But if it 
does not, you can 
have it cut down.' " 



66. THE SUPERIORITY OF SERVICE TO 
RELIGIOUS CONVENTIONS 



LUKE 13:10-21 

10 One Sabbath he 
was teaching in one 

n of the synagogues, and 
there was a woman 
there who for eight- 
een years had had a 
sickness caused by a 
spirit. She was bent 
double and could not 
straighten herself up 

12 at all. When Jesus 
saw her he called to 
her, "You are freed 
from your sickness!" 

13 And he laid his hands 



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on her, and she in- 
stantly became erect, 

14 and praised God. But 
the leader of the syna- 
gogue, in his vexation 
because Jesus had 
cured her on the Sab- 
bath, spoke out and 
said to the crowd, 
"There are six days 
on which it is right to 
work. Come on them 
and be cured, but not 
on the Sabbath day." 

is But the Master an- 
swered, "You hypo- 
crites ! Does not every 
one of you untie his ox 
or his donkey from the 
stall on the Sabbath 
and lead him away to 

IB water him? And did 
not this woman, who 
is a descendant of A- 
braham, whom Satan 
has kept bound for 
eighteen years, have 
to be released from 
those bonds on the 

17 Sabbath day?" When 
he said this, all his op- 
ponents were humili- 
ated, and all the peo- 
ple were delighted at 
all the splendid things 

is that he did. He said, 
therefore, "What is 
the Kingdom of God 
like, and to what can 

19 I compare it? It is 
like a mustard seed 
that a man took and 
dropped in his garden, 
and it grew and be- 
came a tree, and the 
wild birds roosted on 

20 its branches." And 
he went on, "To what 
can I compare the 



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21 Kingdom of God? It 
is like yeast that a 
woman took and hid 
in a bushel of flour, 
till it all rose." 



67. RELIGIOUS PRIVILEGES NOT RELIGIOUS RIGHTS 



LUKE 13:22-35 

22 So he went about 
among the towns and 
villages, teaching and 
making his way to- 

23 ward Jerusalem. And 
someone said to him, 
"Are only a few to be 
saved, Master?" He 

24 said to them, "You 
must strain every 
nerve to get in through 
the narrow door, for I 
tell you many will try 
to get in, and will not 

25 succeed, when the 
master of the house 
gets up and shuts the 
door, and you begin 
to stand outside and 
to knock on the door, 
and say, 'Open it for 
us, sir!' Then he will 
answer you and say, 
'I do not know where 

26 you come from.' Then 
you will go on to say, 
'We have been enter- 
tained with you, and 
you have taught in 

27 our streets!' And he 
will say to you, 'I do 
not know where you 
come from. Get away 
from me, all you 

28 wrongdoers !' There 
will you weep and 
gnash your teeth 
when you see Abra- 
ham and Isaac and 
Jacob and all the 



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prophets in the King- 
dom of God, while you 

29 are put outside. Peo- 
ple will come from the 
east and west and the 
north and south, and 
take their places in 
the Kingdom of God. 

so There are those now 
last who will then be 
first, and there are 
those now first who 

31 will be last." Just 
then some Pharisees 
came up and said to 
him, "Go! Get away 
from here, for Herod 
wants to kill you!" 

32 He said to them, "Go 
and say to that fox, 
'Here I am, driving 
out demons and per- 
forming cures, today 
and tomorrow, and on 
the third day I will be 

33 through. But I must 
go on today and to- 
morrow and the next 
day, for it is not right 
for a prophet to die 

34 outside Jerusalem.' O 
Jerusalem! Jerusalem! 
murdering the proph- 
ets, and stoning those 
who are sent to her, 
how often I have 
longed to gather your 
children around me, 
as a hen gathers her 
brood under her wings, 

35 but you refused ! Now 
I leave you to your- 
selves. And I tell you, 
you will never see me 
again until you say, 
'Blessed be he who 
comes in the Lord's 
name!' " 



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68. AS TO LOVE, HUMILITY, AND INDIFFERENCE 



LUKE 14:1-24 

14 One Sabbath, when 
he went to take a meal 
at the house of a mem- 
ber of the council who 
was a Pharisee, they 
were watching him 

2 closely. There was a 
man in front of him 

a who had dropsy. And 
Jesus said to the Phar- 
isees and the experts 
in the Law, "Is it right 
to cure people on the 

4 Sabbath or not?" But 
they made no answer. 
And he took hold of 
the man and cured 
him and sent him 

5 away. Then he said to 
them, "Who among 
you, if his child or his 
ox falls into a well, 
will not pull him out 
at once on the Sab- 

e bath?" And they 
could make no reply 

7 to this. He noticed 
that the guests picked 
out the best places, 
and he gave them this 

s illustration: "When 
someone invites you 
to a wedding supper, 
do not take the best 
place, for someone 
more distinguished 
than you are may 

9 have been invited, and 
your host will come 
and say to you, 'Make 
room for this man,' 
and then you will pro- 
ceed in confusion to 
take the poorest place. 
10 But when you are in- 
vited anywhere, go 



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and take the poorest 
place, so that when 
your host comes in, 
he will say to you, 
'My friend, come to a 
better place.' So you 
will be shown con- 
sideration before all 

11 the other guests. For 
everyone who exalts 
himself will be hum- 
bled, but the man who 
humbles himself will 

12 be exalted." And he 
said to the man who 
had invited him, 
"When you give a 
luncheon or a dinner, 
do not invite your 
friends or your broth- 
ers or your relatives 
or your rich neighbors, 
for they then will in- 
vite you in return and 
you will be repaid. 

is But when you give an 
entertainment, invite 
people who are poor, 
maimed, lame, or 

14 blind. Then you will 
be blessed, because 
they cannot repay 
you; for you will be 
repaid at the resur- 
rection of the up- 

is right." One of the 
other guests heard 
this, and said to him, 
"Blessed is the man 
who shall be at the 
banquet in the King- 

16 dom of God." He said 
to him, "A man once 
gave a great dinner, 
and invited a large 

17 number to it, and 
when the dinner hour 
came, he sent around 
his' slave, to say to 



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those who were in- 
vited, 'Come! for it is 
is now ready !' And they 
all immediately began 
to excuse themselves. 
The first one said to 
him, 'I have bought a 
piece of land, and I 
must go and look at 
it. Please have me ex- 

19 cused.' Another said, 
"I have bought five 
yoke of oxen, and I 
am going to examine 
them. Please have me 

20 excused.' Another 
said, 'I have married, 
and so I cannot come.' 

21 So the slave went 
back, and reported 
this to his master. 
Then the master of 
the house was angry 
and said to his slave, 
'Hurry out into the 
streets and squares of 
the city, and bring the 
poor, the maimed, the 
blind, and the lame in 

22 here !' And the slave 
said, 'What you or- 
dered, sir, has been 
done, and there is still 

23 room.' And the mas- 
ter said to the slave, 
'Go out on the roads, 
and among the hedges, 
and make them come 
in, so that my house 

24 may be full. For I tell 
you that none of those 
men who were invited 
shall have any of my 
dinner!' " 



136 



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69. AS TO COUNTING THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 



LUKE 14:25-35 

25 There were great 
crowds accompanying 
him, and once he 
turned and said to 

26 them, "If anyone 
comes to me without 
hating his own father 
and mother and wife 
and children and 
brothers and sisters, 
and his very life too, 
he cannot be a disciple 

27 of mine. For no one 
who does not take up 
his own cross and 
come after me can be 
a disciple of mine. 

28 What man among you 
if he wishes to build a 
tower does not first 
sit down and estimate 
the cost of it, to see 
whether he has enough 

29 to complete it? Or 
else when he has laid 
his foundation and 
cannot finish the build- 
ing, everyone who sees 
it will begin to ridi- 

30 cule him, and say, 
'This man started to 
erect a building, and 
could not finish it!' 

31 Or what king, if he is 
going to meet another 
king in battle, does 
not sit down first and 
consider whether he is 
able with ten thou- 
sand men to meet the 
other who is coming 
against him with 
twenty thousand? 

32 And if he cannot, 
while the other is still 
far away, he sends en- 



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voys to him and asks 
on what terms he will 

33 make peace. In just 
that way, no one of 
you who does not say 
goodbye to all he has 
can be a disciple of 

34 mine. Salt is good; 
but if salt loses its 
strength, what can it 

35 be seasoned with? It 
is fit neither for the 
ground nor the ma- 
nure heap ; people 
throw it away. Let 
him who has ears to 
hear with, listen!" 



70. THREE ILLUSTRATIONS OF GOD'S LOVE 



LUKE, CHAPTER 15 
15 All the tax-collec- 
tors and irreligious 
people were crowding 

2 up to hear him. And 
the Pharisees and 
scribes grumbled, and 
said, "This man wel- 
comes irreligious peo- 
ple, and even eats 

3 with them!" So in 
speaking to them he 
used this figure: 

4 "What man among 
you, if he has a hun- 
dred sheep, and loses 
one of them, does not 
leave the ninety-nine 
in the wilderness, and 
go in search of the one 
that is lost, until he 

5 finds it? And when he 
finds it, he puts it on 
his shoulders with joy, 

e and when he reaches 
home, he calls in his 
friends and neighbors, 
and says to them, 
'Congratulate me, for 



138 



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I have found my lost 
7 sheep!' I tell you, in 
just that way there 
will be more joy in 
heaven over one sinful 
person who repents, 
than over ninety-nine 
upright people who do 
not need any repent- 
s ance. Or what woman 
who has ten silver 
corns and loses one, 
does not light the 
lamp and sweep the 
house and look care- 
fully until she finds 
9 it? And when she 
finds it, she calls in 
her friends and neigh- 
bors, and says to them, 
'Congratulate me, for 
I have found the coin 

10 that I lost!' In just 
that way, I tell you, 
there is joy among the 
angels of God over 
one sinful person who 

11 repents!" And he 
said, "A man had two 

12 sons. The younger of 
them said to his fa- 
ther, 'Father, give me 
my share of the prop- 
erty.' So he divided 
his property between 

is them. Not many days 
later, the younger son 
gathered up all he had, 
and went away to a 
distant country, and 
there he squandered 
his property by fast 

H living. After he had 
spent, it all, a severe 
famine arose in that 
country, and he began 

is to be in want. And he 
went and hired him- 
self out to a resident 



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of the country, and he 
sent him into his fields 

10 to tend pigs. And he 
was ready to fill him- 
self with the pods the 
pigs were eating, and 
no one would give him 

17 anything. When he 
came to himself he 
said, 'How many hired 
men my father has, 
who have more than 
enough to eat, and 
here I am, dying of 

is hunger! I will get up, 
and go to my father, 
and say to him, "Fa- 
ther, I have sinned 
against heaven and in 

19 your eyes; I no longer 
deserve to be called 
your son ; treat me like 
one of your hired 

20 men !" ' And he got 
up and went to his 
father. But while he 
was still a long way 
off, his father saw him, 
and pitied him, and 
ran and fell on his 
neck and kissed him. 

21 His son said to him, 
'Father, I have sinned 
against heaven, and in 
your eyes; I no longer 
deserve to be called 
your son; treat me like 
one of your hired 

22 men !' But his father 
said to his slaves, 
'Make haste and get 
out the best robe, and 
put it on him, and put 
a ring on his hand, and 

23 shoes on his feet; and 
get the calf we are 
fattening, and kill it, 
and let us feast and 

24 celebrate, for my son 



140 



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here was dead, and he 
has come to life; he 
was lost, and he is 
found!' So they began 

25 to celebrate. But his 
elder son was in the 
field. When he came 
in and approached the 
house, he heard music 

26 and dancing, and he 
called one of the serv- 
ants to him and asked 
him what it meant. 

27 Pie said to him, 'Your 
brother has come, and 
your father has killed 
the calf he has been 
fattening, because he 
has gotten him back 

28 alive and well.' But he 
was angry, and would 
not go into the house. 
And his father came 
out and urged him. 

29 And he said to his fa- 
ther, 'Here I have 
served you all these 
years, and have never 
disobeyed an order of 
yours, and you have 
never given me a kid, 
so that I could enter- 
so tain my friends. But 

when your son here 
came, who has eaten 
up your property with 
women of the street, 
for him you killed the 
calf you have been f at- 

31 tening!' But he said 
to him, 'My child, 
you have been with 
me all the time, and 
everything I have is 

32 yours. But we had to 
celebrate and be glad, 
because your brother 
was dead, and has 
come to life, and was 
lost and is found!' " 



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71. THE RIGHT AND THE WRONG USE OF WEALTH 



LUKE, CHAPTER 16 

16 And he said to his 
disciples, "There was 
a rich man who had a 
manager, and it was 
reported to him that 
this man was squan- 
dering his property. 

2 So he called him in 
and said to him, 'What 
is this that I hear 
about you? Make an 
accounting for your 
conduct of my affairs, 
for you cannot be 
manager any longer!' 

3 Then the manager 
said to himself, 'What 
am I going to do, be- 
cause my master is 
going to take my posi- 
tion away from me? 
I cannot dig; I am 

4 ashamed to beg. I 
know what I will do, 
so that when I am re- 
moved from my posi- 
tion people will take 
me into their homes.' 

5 Then he called in each 
of his master's debt- 
ors, and he said to the 
first one, 'How much 
do you owe my mas- 

e ter?' He said, 'Eight 
hundred gallons of 
oil.' And he said to 
him, 'Here is your 
agreement; sit right 
down and write four 

7 hundred!' Then he 
said to another, 'And 
how much do you 
owe?' He answered, 
'Fifteen hundred 
bushels of wheat.' He 
said to him, 'Here is 
your agreement; write 



142 



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twelve hundred.' 
s And his master praised 
the dishonest man- 
ager, because he had 
acted shrewdly. For 
the sons of this age 
are shrewder in their 
relation to their own 
age than the sons of 
9 the light. So I tell 
you, make friends for 
yourselves with your 
ill-gotten wealth, so 
that when it fails, they 
may take you into the 

10 eternal dwellings. The 
man who can be trust- 
ed in a very small 
matter can be trusted 
in a large one, and the 
man who cannot be 
trusted in a very small 
matter cannot be 
trusted in a large one. 

11 So if you have proved 
untrustworthy in us- 
ing your ill-gotten 
wealth, who will trust 
you with true riches? 

12 And if you have been 
untrustworthy about 
what belonged to 
someone else, who will 
give you what belongs 

is to you? No servant 
can belong to two 
masters, for he will 
either hate one and 
love the other, or he 
will stand by one and 
make light of the 
other. You cannot 
serve God and mon- 

14 ey!" The Pharisees, 
who were avaricious, 
heard all this, and 
they ridiculed him. 

is And he said to them, 
"You are the men 



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who parade your up- 
rightness before peo- 
ple, but God knows 
your hearts. For what 
men consider great is 
detestable in the sight 

16 of God. Until John 
came, it was the Law 
and the Prophets. 
From that time the 
Kingdom of God has 
been proclaimed, and 
everyone has been 

17 crowding into it. But 
it is easier for heaven 
and earth to pass 
away than for one 
dotting of an i in the 
Law to go unfulfilled. 

is Anyone who divorces 
his wife and marries 
another woman com- 
mits adultery, and 
whoever marries a 
woman who has been 
divorced from her 
husband commits 

19 adultery. There was 
once a rich man, who 
used to dress in purple 
and fine linen, and to 
live in luxury every 

20 day. And a beggar 
named Lazarus was 
put down at his gate 

21 covered with sores and 
eager to satisfy his 
hunger with what was 
thrown away from the 
rich man's table. 
Why, the very dogs 
came and licked his 

22 sores. And it came 
about that the beggar 
died and was carried 
away by the angels to 
the companionship of 
Abraham, and the 
rich man too died and 



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23 was buried. And in 
Hades he looked up, 
tormented as he was, 
and saw Abraham far 
away, with Lazarus 

24 beside him. And he 
called to him and said, 
'Father Abraham! 
take pity on me, and 
send Lazarus to dip 
the tip of his finger in 
water and cool my 
tongue, for I am in 
torment, here in the 

as flames!' And Abra- 
ham said, 'My child, 
remember that you 
received your bless- 
ings in your lifetime, 
and Lazarus had his 
misfortunes in his ; 
and now he is being 
comforted here, while 
you are in anguish. 

26 Besides there is a 
great chasm set be- 
tween you and us, so 
that those who want 
to go over from this 
side to you cannot, 
and they cannot cross 
from your side to us.' 

27 And he said, 'Then I 
beg you, father, to 
send him to my fa- 

28 ther's house, for I 
have five brothers; let 
him warn them so that 
they will not also 
come to this place of 

29 torture.' Abraham an- 
swered, 'They have 
Moses and the proph- 
ets; let them listen to 

so them.' But he said, 
'No, Father Abraham, 
but if someone will go 
to them from the 
dead, they will re- 



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si pent!' He answered, 
'If they will not listen 
to Moses and the 
prophets, they will 
not be convinced even 
if someone rises from 
the dead!'" 



72. FORGIVENESS AND RESPONSIBILITY 



LUKE 17:1-10 

17 And he said to his 
disciples, "It is inevi- 
table that hindrances 
should arise, but alas 
for the man who 

2 causes them ! He 
might better have a 
millstone hung around 
his neck, and be 
thrown into the sea, 
than be a hindrance to 
one of these humble 

3 people. Look out for 
yourselves ! If your 
brother wrongs you, 
take it up with him, 
and if he repents, for- 

4 give him. And if he 
wrongs you seven 
times a day, and sev- 
en times turns to you 
and says, 'I am sor- 
ry,' you must forgive 

5 him." The apostles 
said to the Master, 
"Give us more faith." 

e And the Master said, 
"If your faith is as big 
as a mustard seed, you 
might have said to 
this mulberry tree, 
'Be pulled up by the 
roots and planted in 
the sea,' and it would 
have obeyed you ! 

7 What man among you, 
if he has a servant 
plowing or keeping 



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sheep, will say to him 
when he comes in from 
the field, 'Come at 
once and sit down at 

s the table,' instead of 
saying to him, 'Get 
my supper ready, and 
dress yourself, and 
wait on me while I 
eat and drink, and you 
can eat and drink af- 

9 terward'? Is he grate- 
ful to the slave for do- 
ing what he has been 
10 ordered to do? So you 
also, when you do all 
you have been ordered 
to do, must say, 'We 
are good-for-nothing 
slaves ! We have done 
only what we ought to 
have done!' " 



73. AN ILLUSTRATION OF THANKFULNESS 



LUKE 17:11-19 

11 It happened that, on 
his way to Jerusalem, 
he passed through Sa- 
maria and Galilee. 

12 And as he was going 
into one village he met 
ten lepers and they 
stood at some distance 

13 from him, and raising 
their voices, said, "Je- 
sus, Master, take pity 

14 on us!" And when he 
saw them, he said to 
them, "Go and show 
yourselves to the 
priests." And as 
they went they were 

is cured. But one of 
them, when he saw 
that he was cured, 
came back, loudly 

16 praising God, and fell 
on his face at Jesus' 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



147 



feet, and thanked him 
He was a Samaritan. 

17 And Jesus said, "Were 
not all ten cured? 
Where are the other 

is nine? Was no one 
found to return and 
give thanks to God ex- 
cept this foreigner?" 

19 And he said to him, 
"Stand up and go! 
Your faith has cured 
you." 



74. THE DANGERS OF PROCRASTINATION 



LUKE 17:20-37 

20 He was once asked 
by the Pharisees when 
the Kingdom of God 
would come, and he 
answered, "The King- 
dom of God is not 

21 coming visibly, and 
people will not say, 
'Look! Here it is!' or 
'There it is!' for the 
Kingdom of God is 

22 within you." And he 
said to his disciples, 
"The time will come 
when you will long to 
see one of the days of 
the Son of Man, and 
you will not be able to 

23 do so. Men will say to 
you, 'Look ! There he 
is !' or, 'Look ! Here he 
is!' Do not go off in 

24 pursuit of him, for 
just as when the light- 
ning flashes, it shines 
from one end of the 
sky to the other, that 
will be the way with 

25 the Son of Man. But 
first he must go 
through much suffer- 
ing, and be refused by 



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26 this age. In the time 
of the Son of Man it 
will be just as it was 
in the time of Noah. 

27 People went on eat- 
ing, drinking, marry- 
ing, and being 
married up to the 
very day that Noah 
got into the ark and 
the flood came and 
destroyed them all. 

28 Or as it was in Lot's 
time; they went on 
eating, drinking, buy- 
ing, selling, planting, 

29 and building, but the 
day Lot left Sodom, it 
rained fire and brim- 
stone from heaven and 

so destroyed them all. It 
will be like that on the 
day when the Son of 

31 Man appears. A man 
who is on the roof of 
his house that day, 
with his goods in the 
house, must not go 
down to get them, and 
a man in the field, 
too, must not turn 

32 back. Remember 

33 Lot's wife! Whoever 
tries to preserve his 
life will lose it, and 
whoever loses his life 

34 will preserve it. I tell 
you, there will be two 
men in the same bed 
that night ; one will be 
taken and the other 

35 left. There will be two 
women grinding to- 
gether; one will be 
taken and the other 

37 left!" They said to 
him, "Where will this 
be, Master?" And he 
said to them, "Wher- 



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149 



ever there is a dead 
body the vultures will 
flock!" 



75. PERSISTENT PRAYER 



LUKE 18 : 1-8 
18 He gave them an il- 
lustration to show 
that they must always 
pray and not give up, 

2 and he said, "There 
was once in a city a 
judge who had no fear 
of God and no respect 

3 for men. There was a 
widow in the city and 
she came to him and 
said, 'Protect me from 

4 my opponent.' And 
he would not for a 
time, but afterward 
he said to himself, 
'Though I have no 
fear of God nor re- 

5 spect for men, yet be- 
cause this widow both- 
ers me, I will protect 
her, so that she may 
not finally wear me 
out with her com- 

6 ing.' " And the Mas- 
ter said, "Listen to 
what this dishonest 

7 judge said ! Then will 
not God provide pro- 
tection for his chosen 
people, who cry out to 

s him day and night? I 
tell you, he will make 
haste to provide it! 
But when the Son of 
Man comes, will he 
find faith on earth?" 



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76. THE SUPERIORITY OF HUMILITY TO SPIRITUAL PRIDE 

LUKE 18:9-14 
9 To some who were 
confident of their own 
uprightness, and 
thought nothing of 
others, he used this il- 

10 lustration: "Two men 
went up to the Tem- 
ple to pray; one was a 
Pharisee and the other 

n a tax-collector. The 
Pharisee stood up and 
uttered this prayer to 
himself: 'O God, I 
thank you that I am 
not like other men, 
greedy, dishonest, or 
adulterous, like that 

12 tax-collector. I fast 
two days in the week; 
I pay tithes on every- 

13 thing I get.' But the 
tax-collector stood at 
a distance and would 
not even raise his eyes 
to heaven, but struck 
his breast, and said, 
'O God, have mercy 
on a sinner like me!' 

14 I tell you, it was he 
who went back to his 
house with God's ap- 
proval, and not the 
other. For everyone 
who exalts himself will 
be humbled, but the 
man who humbles 
himself will be ex- 
alted." 



77. 
MATTHEW 19:3-12 

And some Phari- 
sees came up to him to 
test him, and they 
said, "Is it right 
for a man to divorce 



THE VALUE OF THE FAMILY 
MARK 10:2-12 

2 Some Pharisees 
came up, and in order 
to test him asked him 
whether a man should 
be allowed to divorce 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



151 



his wife for any 

4 cause?" But he an- 
swered, "Did you 
never read that the 
Creator at the begin- 
ning made them 
male and female, and 

5 said, 'For this rea- 
son a man shall leave 
his father and mother 
and be united to hi: 
wife, and the two of 
them shall become 

e one'? So they are no 
longer two but one. 
Therefore, what God 
has joined together, 
man must not try to 

7 separate." They said 
to him, "Then why 
did Moses command 
us to draw up a writ- 
ten divorce-notice and 

s give it to her?" He 
said to them, "It was 
on account of your 
perversity that Moses 
permitted you to di- 
vorce your wives, but 
it was not so at the be- 

9 ginning. I tell you 
that whoever divorces 
his wife on any ground 
but her unfaithful- 
ness, and marries an- 
other woman, com- 
i omits adultery." The 
disciples said to him, 
"If that is a man's re- 
lation to his wife, it is 
better not to marry!" 

11 He said to them, "It 
is not everyone who 
can accept that, but 
only those who have a 

12 special gift. For some 
are incapable of mar- 
riage from their birth, 
and some have been 



a his wife. But he an 
swered, "What has 
Moses commandec 

4 you to do?" They 
said, "Moses permits 
a man to divorce his 
wife by drawing up a 
written divorce-no- 

5 tice." But Jesus saic 
to them, "It was on 
account of your per- 
versity that he laic 
down that law for 

e you. But from the be- 
beginning of the crea- 
tion, 'God made them 
male and female. 

7 Therefore a man must 
leave his father and 
mother, and he and 
his wife must become 

s one,' and so they are 
no longer two but one. 

9 Therefore what God 
has joined together 
man must not try to 

10 separate." When 
they reached the 
house the disciples 
asked him about this 

11 again. And he said to 
them, "Anyone who 
divorces his wife and 
marries another wom- 
an commits adultery 
against his former 

12 wife, and if a woman 
divorces her husband 
and marries another 
man, she is an adul- 
teress." 



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made so by men, and 
some have made them- 
selves so for the sake 
of the Kingdom of 
Heaven. Let him ac- 
cept it who can." 



78. THE RELIGION OF THE CHILDLIKE SPIRIT 



MARK 10:13-16 

is And people brought 
children to him to 
have him touch them, 
but the disciples re- 
proved them for it. 

14 When Jesus saw it, 
he was indignant, and 
said to them, "Let the 
children come to me; 
do not try to stop 
them, for the King- 
dom of God belongs 

is to such as they. I tell 
you, whoever does not 
accept the Kingdom 
of God like a child 
shall not enter it at 

is all." And he took the 
children in his arms 
and laid his hands on 
them and blessed 
them. 



79. THE DANGERS OF WEALTH AND SELFISHNESS 



MATTHEW 19 : 13-15 

is Then some children 
were brought up to 
him so that he might 
lay his hands on them 
and pray, but his dis- 
ciples reproved the 

H people for it. But Je- 
sus said, "Let the 
children alone, and do 
not try to keep them 
from coming to me, 
for the Kingdom of 
Heaven belongs to 
such as they are." 

is And he laid his hands 
on them and went on. 



LUKE 18:15-17 

is People brought ba- 
bies to him to have 
him touch them, but 

. the disciples, when 
they saw it, reproved 

16 them for it. But Je- 
sus called them up to 
him and said, "Let 
the children come to 
me and do not try to 
stop them, for the 
Kingdom of God be- 
longs to such as they. 

17 1 tell you, whoever 
does not accept the 
Kingdom of God like 
a child will not enter 
it at all." 



MATTHEW 19 : 16 
20:16 

IB A man came up to 
him and said, "Mas- 
ter, what good deed 
must I do to obtain 

i- eternal life?" But he 
said to him, 'Why do 
you ask me about 
what is good? There 
is only one who is 
good. But if you want 
to enter that life, keep 
the commandments." 



MARK 10: 17-31 

17 As he was starting 
again on his journey, a 
man came running up 
to him, and knelt at 
his feet and asked him, 
"Good master, what 
must I do to make 
sure of eternal life?" 

is But Jesus said to him, 
"Why do you call me 
good? No one is good 

19 but God himself. You 
know the command- 



LUKE 18:18-30 

is A member of the 
council asked him, 
"Good master, what 
must I do to make 
sure of eternal life?" 

19 Jesus said to him, 
"Why do you call me 
good? No one is good 

20 but God himself. You 
know the command- 
ments, 'Do not com- 
mit adultery, Do not 
kill, Do not steal, Do 



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153 



is He said to him, 
"Which ones?" Jesus 
said, "These: 'You 
shall not murder, You 
shall not commit adul- 
tery, You shall not 
steal, You shall not 
bear false witness, 

19 Honor your father 
and mother,' and 'You 
shall love your neigh- 
bor as you do your- 

20 self.' " The young 
man said to him, "I 
have obeyed all 
these commandments. 
What do I still lack?" 

21 Jesus said to him, "If 
you want 'to be per- 
fect, go! Sell your 
property and give the 
money to the poor, 
and you will have 
riches in heaven. 
Then come back and 
be a follower of mine." 

21 But when the young 
man heard that, he 
went away much cast 
down, for he had a 
great deal of property. 

23 Jesus said to his dis- 
ciples, "I tell you, it 
will be hard for a rich 
man to get into the 
Kingdom of Heaven! 

24 And again I tell you, 
it is easier for a camel 
to get through a nee- 
dle's eye than for a 
rich man to get into 
the Kingdom of God!" 

25 But when the disci- 
ples heard this, they 
were completely as- 
tounded and said, 
"Then who can be 

26 saved?" But Jesus 
looked at them and 



ments 'Do not mur- 
der, Do not commit 
adultery, Do not steal, 
Do not bear false wit- 
ness, Do not defraud, 
Honor your father and 

20 mother.' " But he 
said to him, "Master, 
I have obeyed all 
these commandments 

.ever since I was a 

21 child." And Jesus 
looked at him and 
loved him, and he said 
to him, "There is one 
thing you lack. Go, 
sell all you have, and 
give the money to the 
poor, and then you 
will have riches in 
heaven ; and come 
back and be a follower 

22 of mine." But his face 
fell at Jesus' words, 
and he went away 
much cast down, for 
he had a great deal of 

23 property. And Jesus 
looked around and 
said to his disciples, 
"How hard it will be 
for those who have 
money to enter the 
Kingdom of God!" 

24 But the disciples were 
amazed at what he 
said. And Jesus said 
to them again, "My 
children, how hard it 
is to enter the King- 

25 dom of God! It is 
easier for a camel to 
get through the eye of 
a needle than for a 
rich man to get into 
the Kingdom of God !" 

26 They were perfectly 
astounded and said to 
him, "Then who can 



not bear false witness, 
Honor your father and 

21 mother.' " And he 
said, "I have obeyed 
all these command- 
ments ever since I was 

22 a child." When Jesus 
heard this, he said to 
him, "There is one 
thing that you still 
lack. Sell all that you 
have, and divide the 
money among the 
poor, and then you 
will have riches in 
heaven ; and come 
back and be a fol- 

23 lower of mine." But 
when he heard that, 
he was much cast 
down, for he was very 

24 rich. And when Jesus 
saw it, he said, "How 
hard it will be for 
those who have mon- 
ey to get into the 

25 Kingdom of God! It 
is easier for a camel to 
get through the eye of 
a needle than for a 
rich man to get into 
the Kingdom of God !" 

26 And those who heard 
it said, "Then who 

27 can be saved?" And 
he said, "The things 
that are impossible 
for men are possible 

28 for God!" Peter said, 
"Here we have left 
home and followed 

29 you." And he said to 
them, "I tell you, 
there is no one who 
has given up home or 
wife or brothers or 
parents or children 
for the Kingdom of 

so God who will not re- 



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said, "For men it is 
impossible, but any- 
thing is possible for 

27 God!" Then Peter 
spoke and said to 
him, "Here we have 
left all we have and 
followed you. What 

28 are we to have?" Je- 
sus said to them, "In 
the new world, I tell 
you, when the Son of 
Man takes his seat on 
his glorious throne, 
you who have fol- 
lowed me will also 
sit upon twelve 
thrones, and judge 
the twelve tribes of 

29 Israel! And anyone 
who has given up 
houses or brothers or 
sisters or father or 
mother or children or 
land for my sake will 
receive many times as 
much, and share eter- 

ao nal life. But many 
who are first now will 
be last then, and many 
who are now last will 

20 be first. For the King- 
dom of Heaven is like 
an employer who went 
out early in the morn- 
ing to hire laborers 

2 for his vineyard. He 
agreed with the labor- 
ers to pay them a dol- 
lar a day, and sent 
them to his vineyard. 

3 He went out about 
nine o'clock and saw 
others standing in the 
bazaar with nothing 

4 to do. And he said to 
them, 'You go to my 
vineyard too, and I 
will pay you what- 



27 be saved?" Jesus 
looked at them and 
said, "For men it is 
impossible, but not 
for God, for anything 
is possible for God." 

28 Peter started to say to 
him, "Well, we have 
left all we had, and 
have followed you." 

29 Jesus said, "I tell you, 
there is no one who 
has given up home or 
brothers or sisters or 
mother or father or 
children or land for 
me and for the good 

so news, but will receive 
now in this life a hun- 
dred times as much in 
homes, brothers, sis- 
ters, mothers, chil- 
dren, and lands, though 
not without persecu- 
tion and in the com- 
ing age eternal life. 

31 But many who are 
first now will be last 
then, and the last will 
be first." 



ceive many times 
more in this time, 
and in the coming age 
eternal life." 



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155 



ever is right.' So they 

s went. He went out 
again about twelve 
and about three, and 

e did the same. About 
five he went out and 
found others stand- 
ing about and he 
said to them, 'Why 
have you been stand- 
ing about here all day 

7 doing nothing?' They 
said to him, 'Because 
nobody has hired us.' 
He said to them, 'You 
go to my vineyard, 

s too.' When evening 
came, the owner of 
the vineyard said to 
his foreman, 'Call the 
laborers and pay them 
their wages, beginning 
with the last and end- 
ing with the first.' 

9 When those who were 
hired about five 
o'clock came they re- 
ceived a dollar apiece. 

10 And when those who 
were hired first came 
they expected to get 
more, but they too got 

11 a dollar apiece. And 
when they received it 
they grumbled at their 

12 employer, and said, 
'These men who were 
hired last worked only 
one hour, and you 
have put them on the 
same footing with us 
who have done the 
heavy work of the day 
and have stood the 

is midday heat.' But he 
answered one of them, 
'My friend, I am dp- 
ing you no injustice. 
Did you not agree 



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The Student's Gospels 



with me on a dollar? 
14 Take -what belongs to 
you and go. I wish to 
give the last man hired 
as much as I give you. 
is Have I no right to do 
what I please with 
what is mine? Or do 
you begrudge my gen- 
ie erosity?' So those 
who are last now will 
be first then, and 
those who are first will 
be last." 



80. THE SHADOW OF THE CROSS 



MATTHEW 20 : 17-19 

17 When Jesus was 
about to go up to 
Jerusalem, he took 
the Twelve off by 
themselves, and said 
to them as they were 

is on the way, "We are 
going up to Jerusalem, 
and the Son of Man 
will be handed over to 
the high priests and 
scribes, and they will 
condemn him to 

19 death, and hand him 
over to the heathen 
to be mocked and 
flogged and crucified, 
and on the third day 
he will be raised to 
life." 



MARK 10:32-34 

32 As they went on 
their way up to Jeru- 
salem, Jesus walked 
ahead of them, and 
they were in dismay, 
and those who still 
followed were afraid. 
And he took the 
Twelve aside again 
and began to tell 
them what was going 
to happen to him. 

33 "See!" he said, "we 
are going up to Jeru- 
salem, and the Son of 
Man will be handed 
over to the high 
priests and scribes, 
and they will condemn 
him to death and hand 
him over to the heath- 

34 en and they will ridi- 
cule him and spit on 
him and flog him and 
kill him; and three 
days after he will rise 
again." 



LUKE 18:31-34 

31 And he took the 
Twelve aside and said 
to them, "See! we are 
going up to Jerusalem, 
and everything writ- 
ten in the prophets 
about the Son of 
Man will be fulfilled. 

32 For he will be handed 
over to the heathen, 
and ridiculed and in- 
sulted and spat upon, 

33 and they will flog him 
and kill him, and on 
the third day he will 

34 rise again." And 
they did not under- 
stand any of this; the 
words were obscure to 
them, and they did 
not know what he 
meant. 



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157 



81. THE AMBITION OF THE DISCIPLES 



MATTHEW 20:20-28 

20 Then the mother of 
Zebedee's sons came 
up to him with her 
sons, bowing low, to 
ask a favor of him. 

21 He said to her, "What 
do you want?" She 
said to him, "Give 
orders that these two 
sons of mine sit one 
at your right and one 
at your left, when you 

22 are king!" But Jesus 
answered, "You do 
not know what you 
are asking for! Can 
you drink what I am 
going to drink?" 
They answered, "Yes, 

23 we can." He said to 
them, "Then what I 
drink you shall drink, 
but as for sitting at my 
right or my left, that 
is not mine to give, 
but belongs to those 
for whom it is destined 
by my Father." 

24 When the other ten 
heard of this, they 
were very indignant 
at the two brothers. 

as But Jesus called them 
to him and said, "You 
know that the rulers 
of the heathen lord it 
over them, and their 
great men tyrannize 

26 over them. It is not 
to be so among you, 
but whoever wants to 
be great among you 
must be your servant, 

27 and whoever wants to 
hold the first place 
among you must be 



MARK 10:35-45 

35 And Zebedee's two 
sons, James and John, 
came up to him and 
said, "Master, we 
want you to do for 
us whatever we ask." 

se He said to them, 
"What do you want 
me to do for you?" 

'37 They said to him, 
"Let us sit one at 
your right hand and 
one at your left, in 

ss your triumph." Jesus 
said to them, "You do 
not know what you 
are asking for. Can 
you drink what I am 
drinking, or undergo 
the baptism that I am 

39 undergoing?" They 
said to him, "Yes, we 
can." Jesus said to 
them, "Then you shall 
drink what I am 
drinking, and you 
shall undergo the bap- 
tism that I am under- 

40 going; but as for sit- 
ting at my right or at 
my left, that is not 
mine to give, but be- 
longs to those for 
whom it is destined." 

41 When the other ten 
heard of this they 
were at first very in- 
dignant at James and 

42 John. And Jesus 
called them to him, 
and said to them, 
"You know that those 
who are supposed to 
rule the heathen lord 
it over them, and their 
great men tyrannize 



158 



The Student's Gospels 



28 your slave, just as the 
Son of Man has come 
not to be waited on, 
but to wait on other 
people, and to give his 
life to ransom many 
others." 



43 over them; but it is 
not to be so among 
you. Whoever wants 
to be great among 
you must be your 

44 servant, and whoever 
wants to hold the first 
place among you must 
be everybody's slave. 

45 For the Son of Man 
himself has not come 
to be waited on, but to 
wait on other people, 
and to give his life to 
free many others." 



82. JESUS ACCEPTS PUBLICLY THE MESSIANIC TITLE 
MATTHEW 20: 29-34 MAEK 10:46-52 LUKE 18:35-43 



29 As they were going 
out of Jericho, a great 
crowd followed him. 

so And two blind men 
sitting by the road- 
side, hearing that it 
was Jesus who was 
passing, called out, 
"You Son of David! 
Take pity on us, sir!" 

31 The crowd told them 
to be still, but they 
called all the louder, 
"You Son of David! 
Take pity on us, sir!" 

32 And Jesus stopped 
and called them, and 
said, "What do you 
want me to do for 

33 you?" They said to 
him, "Sir, have our 

34 eyes opened!" And 
Jesus took pity on 
them and touched 

' their eyes, and they 
immediately regained 
their sight, and fol- 
lowed him. 



46 And they came to 
Jericho. As he was 
leaving the town with 
his disciples and a 
great crowd, Timae- 
us' son Bartimaeus, a 
blind beggar, was sit- 
ting at the roadside. 

47 When he heard that 
it was Jesus of Naza- 
reth he began to cry 
out, "Jesus, you son 
of David, take pity 

48 on me !" Many of the 
people rebuked him 
and told him to be 
still. But he cried out 
all the louder, "You 
son of David, take 

49 pity on me!" Jesus 
stopped and said, 
"Call him here." And 
they called the blind 
man and said to him, 
"Courage now! Get 
up, he is calling you !" 

so And he threw off his 
coat and sprang to his 
feet and went up to 

si Jesus. Jesus spoke to 



35 As he approached 
Jericho, a blind man 
happened to be sitting 
by the roadside beg- 

se ging. And hearing a 
crowd going by he 
asked what it meant. 

37 They told him that 
Jesus of Nazareth was 

ss coming by. And he 
shouted, "Jesus, you 
Son of David, take 

39 pity on me!" And 
those who were in 
front reproved him 
and told him to be 
quiet, but he cried 
out all the louder, 
"You Son of David, 
take pity on me!" 

40 And Jesus stopped 
and ordered the man 
to be brought to him. 
When he came up, 
Jesus asked him, 

41 "What do you want 
me to do for you?" 
He answered, "Mas- 
ter, let me regain my 

42 sight!" And Jesus 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



159 



him and said, "What 
do you want me to do 
for you?" The blind 
man said to him, 
"Master, let me re- 
52 gain my sight!" Je- 
sus said to him, "Go 
your way. Your faith 
has cured you." And 
he immediately re- 
gained his sight and 
followed Jesus along 
the road. 



said to him, "Regain 
your sight! Your faith 
43 has cured you!" And 
he regained his sight 
immediately, and fol- 
lowed Jesus, giving 
thanks to God. And 
all the people saw it 
and praised God. 



83. THE REMARKABLE CONVERSION OF ZACCHEUS 



Luke 19:1-10 
19 And he went into 
Jericho and was pass- 

2 ing through it. Now 
there was a man 
named Zaccheus, the 
principal tax-collec- 

3 tor, a rich man, who 
wanted to see who Je- 
sus was, and he could 
not because of the 
crowd, for he was a 

4 small man. So he ran 
ahead and climbed up 
into a sycamore tree, 
to see him, for Jesus 
was coming that way. 

5 When Jesus reached 
the place, he looked 
up and said to him, 
"Zaccheus, come 
down quickly! for I 
must stay at your 

e house today." And he 
came down quickly 
and welcomed him 

7 gladly. And when 
they saw this, every- 
one complained, and 
said, "He has gone to 
stay with an irreli- 

s gious man !" But Zac- 
cheus stopped and 



160 



The Student's Gospels 



said to the Master, 
"See, Master! I will 
give half my property 
to the poor, and if I 
have defrauded any- 
one of anything, I will 
pay him four times as 

9 much." Jesus said to 
him, "Salvation has 
come to this house to- 
day, for he too is a de- 
scendant of Abraham. 

10 For the Son of Man 
has come to search 
for what was lost and 
to save it." 



84. THE REWARDS OF FAITHFUL SERVICE 



LUKE 19:11-28 

11 As they were listen- 
ing to this, Jesus went 
on to give them an 
illustration, because 
he was near Jerusalem 
and they supposed 
that the Kingdom of 
God was immediately 

12 going to appear. So 
he said, "A nobleman 
once went to a distant 
country to secure his 
appointment to a 
kingdom and then re- 
is turn. And he called in 

ten of his slaves and 
gave them each twen- 
ty dollars and told 
them to trade with it 
while he was gone. 

14 But his countrymen 
hated him, and they 
sent a delegation after 
him to say, 'We do not 
want this man made 

is king over us.' And 
when he had secured 
the appointment and 
returned, he ordered 



The Last Period of Public Teaching 



161 



the slaves to whom he 
had given the money 
to be called in, so that 
he could find out how 
much they had made. 

16 The first one came in 
and said, 'Your twen- 
ty dollars has made 
two hundred, sir!" 

17 And he said to him, 
'Well done, my excel- 
lent slave! You have 
proved trustworthy 
about a very small 
amount, you shall be 
governor of ten 

is towns.' The second 
came in and said, 
'Your twenty dollars 
has made a hundred, 

19 sir!' And he said to 
him, 'And you shall be 
governor of five 

20 towns!' And the other 
one came in and said, 

. 'Here is your twenty 
dollars, sir. I have 
kept it put away in a 

21 handkerchief, for I 
was afraid of you, for 
you are a stern man. 
You pick up what you 
did not lay down, and 
reap what you did not 

22 sow.' He said to him, 
'Out of your own 
mouth I will convict 
you, you wretched 
slave ! You knew, did 
you, that I was a stern 
man, and that I pick 
up what I did not lay 
down, and harvest 
what I did not sow? 

23 Then why did you not 
put my money in the 
bank, so that when I 
came back I could 
have gotten it with 



162 



The Student's Gospels 



24 interest?' And he said 
to the bystanders, 
'Take the twenty dol- 
lars away from him, 
and give it to the man 
who has the two hun- 

25 dred!' They said to 
him, 'He has two hun- 

26 dred, sir !' 'I tell you, 
the man who has will 
have more given him, 
and from the man who 
has nothing, even 
what he has will be 

27 taken away! But 
bring those enemies of 
mine here who did not 
want me made king 
over them, and 
slaughter them in my 

28 presence!' " With 
these words he went 
on ahead of them, on 
his way to Jerusalem. 



PART VII 
THE PASSION WEEK 

FROM JESUS' ARRIVAL IN JERUSALEM TO 
HIS EXECUTION 



85. THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY 



MATTHEW 21 : 1-11 

21 When they were 
near Jerusalem and 
had come to Beth- 
phage and the Mount 
of Olives, Jesus sent 
two disciples on ahead, 

2 saying to them, "Go 
to the village that lies 
in front of you, and 
you will at once find 
an ass tied there, and 
a colt with her. Untie 
her and bring them to 

3 me. If anyone says 
anything to you, you 
are to say 'The Mas- 
ter needs them' ; then 
he will send them at 

4 once." Now this hap- 
pened in fulfilment of 
what was said by the 
prophet, 

5 ' 'Tell the daughter of 

Zion, 

'Here is your king 
coming to you, 

Gentle, and riding 
on an ass, 

And on the foal of a 
beast of bur- 
den.' " 

6 So the disciples wenj; 
and did as Jesus had 

7 directed them; they 
brought the ass and 
the colt, and laid 



MAKE 11:1-11 

11 When they were 
getting near Jerusa- 
lem, and had come to 
Bethphage and Beth- 
any near the Mount of 
Olives, Jesus sent two 
of his disciples on 

2 ahead, and said to 
them, "Go to the vil- 
lage that lies in front 
of you, and as soon as 
you enter it you will 
find tied there a colt 
that has never been 
ridden. Untie it and 

3 bring it here. And if 
anybody says to you, 
'Why are you doing 
that? 1 say, 'The Mas- 
ter needs it, and will 
send it back here di- 

4 rectly.' " And they 
set off and found a 
colt tied in the street 
by the door of a house, 
and they untied it. 

s Some of the bystand- 
ers said to them, 
"What are you doing, 
untying the colt?" 

e But they answered 
them as Jesus had 
told them to do, and 
the men let them take 

7 it. So they brought 
the colt to Jesus, and 

163 



LTTKE 19:29-44 



29 When he was near 
Bethphage and Beth- 
any by the hill called 
the Mount of Olives, 
he sent two of his dis- 

30 ciples and said to 
them, "Go to the vil- 
lage that lies in front 
of you, and as you 
enter it you will find 
tied there a colt that 
has never been ridden. 
Untie it and bring it 

31 here. And if anyone 
asks you why you are 
untying it, you are to 
say, 'The Master 

32 needs it.' " And the 
messengers went and 
found it just as he had 

33 told them. And as 
they were untying the 
colt, its owners said 
to them, "Why are 
you untying the colt?" 

34 And they said, "The 
Master needs it!" 

35 And they brought it 
to Jesus. And they 
threw their coats on 
the colt and mounted 

se Jesus on it. And as he 
went on, people spread 
then- coats in the road. 

37 Just as he was coming 
down the Mount of 



164 



The Student's Gospels 



their coats upon them, 

and Jesus seated him- 

s self upon them. And 

most of the crowd 

spread their coats in 

his way, and others 

cut branches from the 

trees and scattered 

them before him. 

9 And the crowds that 

went in front of him 

and that followed him 

shouted, 

"God bless the Son of 

David! 

Blessed be he who 
comes in the 
Lord's name. 
God bless him from 
on high!" 

10 When he came into 
Jerusalem, the whole 
city was stirred, and 
everyone asked, "Who 

11 is he?" The crowd an- 
swered, "It is Jesus, 
the prophet of Naza- 
reth in Galilee!" 



they threw their coats 

over it and Jesus 

s mounted it. And 

many of the people 

spread their coats in 

the road, and others 

cut straw from the 

fields and scattered 

9 it in his path. And 

those in front and 

those behind shouted, 

"God bless him! 

Blessed be he who 

comes in the 

Lord's name! 

10 Blessed be the reign 

of our father Da- 
vid which is com- 
ing! 

God bless him from 
on high!" 

11 And he came into 
Jerusalem and into 
the Temple, and 
looked it all over; 
then, as it was al- 
ready late, he went 
out with the Twelve 
to Bethany. 



Olives and approach- 
ing the city, the whole 
throng of his disciples 
began to praise God 
loudly and joyfully, 
for all the wonders 
as they had seen, and 
to say, 

"Blessed is the king 
who comes in the 
Lord's name, 
Peace be in heaven 
and glory on 
high!" 

39 Some Pharisees in the 
crowd said to him, 
"Master reprove your 

40 disciples !" And he 
answered, "I tell you, 
if they keep silence, 
the stones will cry 

41 out!" As he ap- 
proached the city and 
saw it, he wept over 

42 it, and said, 'If you 
yourself only knew to- 
day the conditions of 
peace! But as it is, 
they are hidden from 

43 you. For a time is 
coming upon you when 
your enemies will 
throw up earthworks 
about you and sur- 
round you and shut 
you in on all sides, 

44 and they will throw 
you and your children 
within you to the 
ground, and they will 
not leave one stone 
upon another within 
you because you did 
not know when God 
visited you!" 



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165 



86. THE EPISODE OF THE CURSED FIG TREE 



MATTHEW 21 : 18-22 

is In the morning as 
he went back to the 
city, he grew hungry, 

19 and seeing a fig tree 
by the roadside, he 
went up to it, but 
found nothing on it 
but leaves. And he 
said to it, "No more 
fruit shall ever grow 
on you!" And the fig 
tree withered up at 

20 once. When the dis- 
ciples saw it, they 
were amazed and said, 
"How did the fig tree 
come to wither up 

21 immediately?" Jesus 
answered, "I tell you, 
if you have faith and 
have no doubt, you 
will not only do what 
I have done to the fig 
tree, but even if you 
say to this mountain, 
'Get up and throw 
yourself into the sea,' 

22 it will be done. And 
everything that you 
pray for with faith, 
you will obtain." 



MAKE 11:12-14, 
20-25 

12 On the next day, 
after they had left 
Bethany, he felt hun- 

13 gry. And he saw in 
the distance a fig tree 
covered with leaves, 
and he went up to it to 
see if he could find any 
figs on it. When he 
reached it he found 
nothing but leaves, 
for it was not the time 

14 for figs. And he spoke 
to the tree and said to 
it, "May no one ever 
eat fruit from you any 
more!" And his dis- 
ciples heard it. 

20 In the morning as 
they were passing 
along, they saw that 
the fig tree was with- 
ered, to its very roots. 

21 And Peter remem- 
bered about it and 
said to him, "Look, 
Master! The fig tree 
that you cursed is 

22 withered up!" Jesus 
answered and said to 
them, "Have faith in 

23 God ! I tell you, who- 
ever says to this 
mountain, 'Get up 
and throw yourself in- 
to the sea!' and has 
no doubt in his mind, 
but his faith that what 
he says will happen, 

24 shall have it. There- 
fore I tell you, when- 
ever you pray or ask 
for anything, have 
faith that it has been 
granted you, and you : 



166 



The Student's Gospels 



25 shall have it. And 
whenever you stand 
up to pray, if you have 
a grievance against 
anyone, forgive him, 
so that 3 r our Father 
in heaven too may for- 
give you your of- 
fenses." 



87. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE 



MATTHEW 21 : 12-17 

12 And Jesus went into 
the Temple and drove 
out all who were buy- 
ing or selling things 
in it, and he upset the 
money-changers' ta- 
bles and the pigeon- 

13 dealers' seats, and he 
said to them, "The 
Scripture says, 'My 
house shall be called 
a house of prayer,' 
but you make it a rob- 

M bers' cave." And 
blind and lame people 
came up to him in the 
Temple, and he cured 

10 them. But when the 
high priests and the 
scribes saw the won- 
ders that he did and 
saw the boys shouting 
in the Temple, "God 
bless the Son of Da- 
vid!" they were indig- 

ie nant, and said to him, 
"Do you hear what 
they are saying?" Je- 
sus said to them, 
"Yes. Did you never 
read, 'You have drawn 
praise from the mouths 
of children and in- 

17 f ants'?" And he left 
them, and went out of 



MARK 11:15-19 

is When they reached 
Jerusalem, he went in- 
to the Temple, and 
began to drive out of 
it those who were buy- 
ing or selling things in 
it, and he upset the 
money-changers' ta- 
bles and the pigeon- 

ic dealers' seats, and he 
would not allow any- 
one to carry anything 
through the Temple. 

17 And he taught them, 
and said, "Does not 
the Scripture say, 'My 
house shall be called a 
house of prayer for all 
the nations'? But you 
have made it a rob- 

is bers' cave." The high 
priests and the scribes 
heard of this, and they 
cast about for a way 
of destroying him, for 
they were afraid of 
him, for all the people 
were amazed at what 

19 he taught. So when 
evening came, he and 
his disciples used to 
go out of the city. 



LUKE 19:45-48 

45 Then he went into 
the Temple and pro- 
ceeded to drive out 
those who were selling 

46 things there, and he 
said to them, "The 
Scripture says, 'And 
my house shall be a 
house of prayer,' but 
you have made it a 

47 den of robbers!" Ev- 
ery day he taught in 
the Temple, and the 
high priests and scribes 
and the leading men 
of the people were 
trying to destroy him, 

48 but they could not 
find any way to do it, 
for all the people hung 
upon his words 



The Passion Week 



167 



the city to Bethany, 
and spent the night 
there. 



JESUS REFUSES TO DISCUSS THE BASIS 
OF HIS AUTHORITY 



MATTHEW 21: 23-27 

23 When he had en- 
tered the Temple, and 
was teaching, the high 
priests and the elders 
of the people came up 
to him, and said, 
"What authority have 
you for doing as you 
do, and who gave you 

24 this authority?" Je- 
sus answered, "Let me 
ask you one question, 
and if you answer it, I 
will tell you what au- 
thority I have for do- 

25 ing as I do. Where did 
John's baptism come 
from? Was it from 
heaven, or from 
men?" And they ar- 
gued with one an- 
other, "If we say, 'It 
was from heaven,' he 
will say to us, 'Then 
why did you not be- 

26 lieve him?' But if we 
say, 'From men,' we 
have the people to 
fear, for they all con- 
sider John a prophet." 

27 And they answered 
Jesus, "We do not 
know." He said to 
them, "Nor will I tell 
you what authority I 
have for doing as I 
do." 



MARK 11:27-33 

27 Then they went in- 
to Jerusalem again. 
And as Jesus was 
walking about in the 
Temple, the high 
priests, scribes, and 

28 elders came up and 
said to him, "What 
authority have you for 
doing as you do? And 
who gave you a right 
to do as you are do- 

29 ing?" Jesus said to 
them, "Let me ask 
you one question, and 
if you answer me, I 
will tell you what au- 
thority I have for 

so doing as I do. Was 
John's baptism from 
heaven or from men? 

si Answer me." And 
they argued with one 
another, "If we say, 
'It was from heaven,' 
he will say, 'Then 
why did you not be- 

32 lieve him?' Yet can 
we say, 'It was from 
men'?" For they were 
afraid of the people, 
because all the people 
thought John was 

33 really a prophet. So 
they answered Jesus, 
"We do not know." 
Jesus said to them, 
"Nor will I tell you 
what authority I have 
for doing as I do." 



LUKE 20:1-8 

20 One day as he was 
teaching the people in 
the Temple, and 
preaching the good 
news, the high priests 
and scribes came up 

2 with the elders and 
said to him, "Tell us 
what authority you 
have for doing as you 
do, or who gave you 
any such authority?" 

3 He said to them, "I 
will ask you a ques- 

4 tion too. Tell me, did 
John's baptism come 
from heaven or from 

5 men?" And they ar- 
gued with one another, 
and said, "If we say, 
'From heaven,' he will 
say, 'Why did you 

e not believe him?' But 
if we say, 'From men,' 
all the people will 
stone us to death, for 
they are convinced 
that John was a 

7 prophet." So they an- 
swered that they did 
not know where it 

s came from. And Jesus 
said to them, "Nor 
will I tell you what 
authority I have for 
doing as I do." 



168 



The Student's Gospels 



89. JESUS PREDICTS THE DOWNFALL OF THE 
JEWISH STATE AND CHURCH 



MATTHEW 21: 28 
22:14 

28 "But what do you 
think? There was a 
man who had two 
sons. He went to the 
first and said, 'My 
son, go and work in 
the vineyard today.' 

29 And he answered, 'I 
will, sir,' but he did 

so not go. Then the man 
went to the second 
son, and told him the 
same thing. And he 
answered, 'I will not!' 
But afterward he 
changed his mind and 

si went. Which of the 
two did what his fa- 
ther wanted?" They 
said, "The second 
one." Jesus said to 
them, "I tell you, the 
tax-collectors and 
prostitutes are going 
into the Kingdom of 
God ahead of you. 

32 For John came to you 
with a way of upright- 
ness, and you would 
not believe him. The 
tax-collectors and 
prostitutes believed 
him, but even after 
seeing that, you would 
not change your minds 

33 and believe him ! Lis- 
ten to another figure. 
There was a land own- 
er who planted a vine- 
yard and fenced it in, 
and hewed out a wine- 
vat in it, and built a 
watch-tower, and 
leased it to tenants, 



MARK 12:1-12 

12 Then he began to 
speak to them in fig- 
ures. "A man once 
planted a vineyard 
and fenced it in and 
hewed out a wine-vat 
and built a watch-tow- 
er, and he leased it to 
tenants and left the 

2 neighborhood. At the 
proper tune he sent a 
slave to the tenants to 
get from them a share 

3 of the vintage. And 
they took him and 
beat him and sent 
him back empty- 

4 handed. And again he 
sent another slave to 
them. And they beat 
him over the head and 
treated him shame- 

5 fully. And he sent an- 
other; and him they 
killed; and so with 
many others, some 
they beat and some 

e they killed. He still 
had one left to 
send, a dearly loved 
son. He sent him to 
them last of all, think- 
ing, 'They will re- 

7 spect my son.' But 
the tenants said to 
one another, 'This is 
his heir! Come on, 
let us kill him, and 
the property will be- 

s long to us!' So they 
took him and killed 
him, and threw his 
body outside of the 

9 vineyard. What will 
the owner of the vine- 



LTJKE 20 : 9-18 

9 Then he went on to 
give the people this 
illustration: "A man 
once planted a vine- 
yard, and leased it to 
tenants, and went 
away for a long ab- 

10 sence. And at the 
proper time he sent a 

. slave to the tenants to 
have them give him a 
share of the vintage, 
but the tenants beat 
him, and sent him 
back empty-handed. 

11 And again he sent an- 
other slave, and they 
beat him also and mis- 
treated him and sent 
him back empty- 

12 handed. And again he 
sent a third, but they 
wounded him too, 
and threw him out- 
is side. Then the owner 

of the vineyard said, 
'What can I do? I will 
send them my dear 
son ; perhaps they will 

14 respect him.' But 
when the tenants saw 
him, they argued with 
one another, 'This is 
his heir! Let us kill 
him, so that the prop- 
erty will belong to us !' 

is So they drove him out 
of the vineyard and 
killed him. Now what 
will the owner of the 
vineyard do to them? 

IB He will come and put 
those tenants to death, 
and give the vineyard 
to others." When 



The Passion Week 



169 



and left the neighbor- 

34 hood. When the time 
for the vintage ap- 
proached he sent his 
slaves to the tenants 
to receive his share. 

35 But the tenants took 
his slaves and beat 
one and killed another 
and stoned a third. 

ae Again he sent other 
slaves and more of 
them than he had 
sent at first, and they 
treated them in the 

37 same way. Finally he 
sent his son to them, 
thinking, 'They will 

33 respect my son.' But 
when the tenants saw 
his son, they said to 
one another, 'This is 
his heir ! Come on, let 
us kill him, and get his 

39 inheritance!' So they 
took him and drove 
him out of the vine- 
yard and killed him. 

40 When the owner of 
the vineyard comes 
back, therefore, what 
will he do to these 

41 tenants?" They said 
to him, "He will put 
the wretches to a mis- 
erable death, and let 
the vineyard to other 
tenants who will give 
him his share of the 
vintage when it is 

42 due." Jesus said to 
them, "Did you never 
read in the Scriptures, 

'That stone which 
the builders re- 
jected 

Has become the cor- 
nerstone; 



yard do? He will 
come back and put 
the tenants to death 
and give the vineyard 

10 to others. Did you 
never read this pas- 
sage of Scripture: 

'That stone which 
the builders re- 
jected 

Has become the 
cornerstone; 

11 This came from the 

Lord 

And seems marvel- 
ous to us'? " 

12 And they tried to 
have him arrested, 
but they were afraid 
of the people, for they 
knew that the illus- 
tration was aimed at 
them. And they left 
him and went away. 



they heard this they 
said, "Heaven for- 
i? bid!" He looked at 
them and said, "Then 
what does this saying 
of Scripture mean, 
'That stone which 
the builders re- 
jected 
Has become the 

cornerstone'? 
is Whoever falls on that 
stone will be shat- 
tered, but whoever it 
falls upon will be pul- 
verized." 



170 



The Student's Gospels 



This came from the 
Lord, 

And seems marvel- 
ous to us'? 

43 That, I tell you, is 
why the Kingdom of 
God will be taken 
away from you, and 
given to a people that 
will produce its proper 

44 fruit. Whoever falls 
on that stone will be 
shattered, but who- 
ever it falls upon wilt 

45 be pulverized." When 
the high priests and 
the Pharisees heard 
his figures, they knew 
that he was speaking 

46 about them, and they 
wanted to have him 
arrested, but they 
were afraid of the peo- 
ple, for the people con- 
sidered him a prophet. 

22 And Jesus spoke to 
them again in figures, 

2 and said, "The King- 
dom of Heaven is like 
a king, who gave a 
wedding banquet for 

3 his son. And he sent 
his slaves to summon 
those who had been 
invited to the ban- 
quet, and they would 

4 not come. He sent 
other slaves a second 
time, and said to 
them, 'Tell those who 
have been asked, 
"Here I have my 
banquet all ready, my 
bullocks and fat cat- 
tle are killed, and ev- 
erything is ready. 
Come to the ban- 

squet!'" But they took 
no notice of it, and 



The Passion Week 



171 



went off, one to his 
estate, and another to 

e his business, and the 
rest seized his slaves, 
and ill treated them 

7 and killed them. This 
made the king angry, 
and he sent his troops 
and put those murder- 
ers to death and burned 

s their city. Then he 
said to his slaves, 'The 
banquet is ready, but 
those who were in- 
vited have proved un- 

9 worthy of it. So go 
out where the roads 
leave the city and in- 
vite everyone you find 

10 to the banquet.' So 
his slaves went out on 
the roads, and got to- 
gether all the people 
they could find, good 
or bad, and the hall 
was filled with guests. 

11 But when the king 
came in to view the 
guests, he saw among 
them a man who did 
not have on wedding 

12 clothes. And he said 
to him, 'My friend, 
how did you happen 
to come here without 
wedding clothes?' But 
he had nothing to say. 

is Then the king said to 
his attendants, 'Bind 
him hand and foot 
and throw him out in- 
to the darkness, there 
to weep and grind his 
teeth.' 

11 "For many are in- 
vited but few chosen." 



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The Student's Gospels 



90. JESUS EMERGES TRIUMPHANT FROM CROSS- 
EXAMINATION BY HIS ENEMIES 



MATTHEW 22 : 15-40 

is Then the Pharisees 
went and made a plot 
to entrap him in argu- 

16 ment. So they sent 
their disciples to him 
with the Herodians, to 
say to him, 'Master, 
we know that you tell 
the truth, and teach 
the way of God with 
sincerity, regardless of 
the consequences, for 

17 you are impartial. So 
give us your opinion: 
Is it right to pay the 
poll-tax to the emper- 

is or, or not?" But he 
saw their malice, and 
said, "Why do you 
put me to such a test, 

19 you hypocrites? Show 
me the poll-tax coin !'' 
And they brought him 

20 a denarius. And he 
said to them, "Whose 
head and title is this?" 

21 They answered, "The 
emperor's." Then he 
said to them, "Then 
pay the emperor what 
belongs to the emper- 
or, and pay God what 

22 belongs to God !" And 
when they heard it 
they were amazed, 
and they went away 

23 and left him. On the 
same day some Sad- 
ducees came up to 
him, claiming that 
there is no resurrec- 
tion, and they asked 
him this question : 

24 "Master, Moses said, 
'If a man dies without 



MARK 12:13-34 

is They sent some 
Pharisees and Herodi- 
ans to him to entrap 

14 him in argument. And 
they came up and said 
to him, "Master, we 
know that you tell the 
truth regardless of the 
consequences, for you 
are not guided by per- 
sonal considerations 
but teach the way of 
God with sincerity. Is 
it right to pay the poll- 
tax to the emperor or 

is not? Should we pay 
it, or refuse to pay 
it?" But he saw 
through their pre- 
tense, and said to 
them, "Why do you 
put me to such a test? 
Bring me a denarius 

is to look at." And they 
brought him one. He 
said to them, "Whose 
head and title is this?" 
And they told him, 
"The emperor's." 

17 And Jesus said, "Pay 
the emperor what be- 
longs to the emperor, 
and pay God what be- 
longs to God!" And 
they were astonished 

is at him. Some of the 
Sadducees, who say 
there is no resurrec- 
tion, came to him and 
asked him a question. 

19 "Master," they said, 
"Moses made us a 
law that if a man's 
brother died, leaving a 
wife but no child, the 



LUKE 20:19-40 

19 And the scribes and 
high priests wanted to 
arrest him then and 
there, but they were 
afraid of the people, 
for they knew that he 
had aimed this illus- 

20 tration at them. So 
they kept watch of 
him and set some 
spies who pretended 
to be honest men to 
fasten on something 
that he said, so that 
they might hand him 
over tc the control 
and authority of the 

21 governor. And they 
asked him, "Master, 
we know that you are 
right in what you say 
and teach, and that 
you show no favor, 
but teach the way of 

22 God in sincerity. Is it 
right for us to pay 
taxes to the emperor, 

23 or not?" But he de- 
tected their trickery, 
and said to them, 

24 "Show me a denarius. 
Whose head and title 
does it bear?" They 
said,"Theemperor's." 

25 He said to them, 
"Then pay the emper- 
or what belongs to the 
emperor, and pay God 
what belongs to God !" 

20 So they could not 
fasten on what he said 
before the people, and 
they were amazed at 
his answer, and said 

27 nothing more. Then 



The Passion Week 



173 



children his brother 
shall marry his widow, 
and raise up a family 

25 for him.' Now there 
were seven brothers 
among us. The first 
of them married and 
died, and as he had no 
children, he left his 

2<i wife to his brother; so 
did the second, and 
the third, and the rest 

27 of the seven. After 
them all the woman 

28 died. At the resur- 
rection which one's 
wife will she be? For 
they all married her." 

29 Jesus answered them, 
"You are wrong, be- 
cause you do not un- 
derstand the Scrip- 
tures nor the power of 

so God. For after the 
resurrection there is 
no marrying or being 
married, but they live 
as angels do in heaven. 

si But as to the resurrec- 
tion of the dead, did 
you never read what 
was said to you by 

32 God, 'I am the God 
of Abraham, the God 
of Isaac, and the God 
of Jacob'? He is not 
the God of dead men 

33 but of living!" When 
the crowd heard this, 
they were astounded 

34 at his teaching. And 
when the Pharisees 
heard that he had si- 
lenced the Sadducees 
they gathered togeth- 

35 er, and one of them, 
an expert in the Law, 
to test him, asked, 

so "Master, what corn- 



man should marry the 
widow and raise up a 
family for his brother. 

20 There were once sev- 
en brothers. And the 
eldest married a wife 
and died, leaving no 

21 child. And the second 
married her, and died 
without leaving any 
child, and so did the 

22 third. And none of 
the seven left any 
child. Finally, the 

23 woman died too. At 
the resurrection, 
which one's wife will 
she be? For all seven 
of them married her." 

24 Jesus said to them, 
"Does not this show 
that you are wrong, 
and do not under- 
stand either the Scrip- 
tures or the power of 

25 God? For when peo- 
ple rise from the dead, 
there is no marrying 
or being married, but 
they live as angels do 

26 in heaven. But as to 
the dead being raised, 
have you never read 
in the Book of Moses, 
in the passage about 
the bush, how God 
said to him, 'I am the 
God of Abraham, the 
God of Isaac, and the 

27 God of Jacob'? He is 
not God of dead men 
but of living ! You are 

as entirely wrong." One 
of the scribes came 
up and heard them 
arguing. He saw that 
Jesus had answered 
them well, and he 
asked him, "Which is 



some of the Sadducees, 
who say that there is no 
resurrection, came up 

28 and asked him, "Mas- 
ter, Moses made us a 
law that if a man's 
brother die leaving a 
wife but no children, 
the man should mar- 
ry the widow and 
raise up a family for 

29 hisbrother. Nowthere 
were seven brothers. 
And the eldest mar- 
ried a wife and died 

30 childless. And the 
second married her, 

31 and the third, and all 
the seven married her 
and died without leav- 

32 ing any child. After- 
ward the woman died 

33 too. Now at the resur- 
rection, which one's 
wife will the woman 
be? For all seven of 
them married her." 

34 Jesus said to them, 
"The people of this 
world marry and are 

35 married, but those 
who are thought 
worthy to attain that, 
other world and the 
resurrection from the 
dead, neither marry 

se nor are married. For 
they cannot die again; 
they are like the an- 
gels, and through 
sharing in the resur- 
rection, they are sons 

37 of God. But that the 
dead are raised to life, 
even Moses indicated 
in the passage about 
the bush, when he 
calls the Lord 'the 
God of Abraham, the 



174 



The Student's Gospels 



mand is greatest in 

37 the Law?" And he 

said to him, " 'You 

must love the Lord 

your God with your 

whole heart, your 

whole soul, and your 

as whole mind.' That is 

the great, first com- 

39 mand. There is a sec- 
ond like it : 'You must 
love your neighbor as 
you do yourself.' 

40 These two commands 
sum up the whole of 
the Law and the 
Prophets." 



91. 



the first of all the com- 
29 mands?" Jesus an- 
swered, "The first one 
is, 'Hea^ Israel! The 
Lord our God is one 
so lord, and you must 
love the Lord your 
God with your whole 
heart, your whole 
soul, your whole mind, 
and your whole 

31 strength.' And this is 
the second: 'You 
must love your neigh- 
bor as you do your- 
self.' No other com- 
mand is greater than 

32 these." The scribe 
said to him, "Really, 
Master, you have fine- 
ly said that he stands 
alone, and there is 

33 none but he, and to 
love him with one's 
whole heart, one's 
whole understanding, 
and one's whole 
strength, and to love 
one's neighbor as 
one's self is far more 
than all these burnt- 
offerings and sacri- 

34 fices." And Jesus saw 
that he answered 
thoughtfully, and he 
said to him, "You are 
not far from the King- 
dom of God!" And 
no one ventured to 
ask him any more 
questions. 



JESUS REPUDIATES THE REVOLUTIONARY 
CONCEPTION OF THE MESSIAH 



God of Isaac, and the 
ss God of Jacob.' He is 
not the God of dead 
men but of living, for 
all men are alive to 

39 him." Some of the 
scribes replied, "Mas- 
ter, that was a fine 

40 answer!" For they 
did not dare to ask 
him any more ques- 
tions. 



41 



MATTHEW 22:41-46 
While the Pharisees 
were still gathered 
there, Jesus asked 
42 them, "What do you 



MAKE 12:35-37a 
35 As Jesus was teach- 
ing in the Temple, he 
answered them and 
said, "How can the 



LTJKE 20:41-44 

41 But he said to them, 
"How can the scribes 
say that the Christ is 

42 a son of David? For 



The Passion Week 



175 



think about the 
Christ? Whose son is 
he?" They said to 

43 him, "David's." He 
said to them, "How 
is it then that David 
under the Spirit's in- 
fluence calls him lord, 
and says, 

44 'The Lord has said 

to my lord, "Sit 
at my right hand, 
Until I put your 
enemies under 
your feet" '? 

45 So if David calls him 
lord, how can he be 

46 his son?" And no one 
could make him an an- 
swer, and from that 
day no one ventured 
to ask him any more 
questions. 



scribes say that the 

Christ is a son of Da- 

ae vid? David himself, 

under the influence of 

the holy Spirit, said, 

'The Lord has said 

to my lord, "Sit 

at my right hand 

Until I put your 

enemies under 

your feet." ' 

3 J David himself calls 
him lord, and how can 
he be his son?" 



David himself says in 

the Book of Psalms, 

'The Lord has said 

to my lord, "Sit 

at my right hand, 

43 Until I make your 

enemies a foot- 
stool for your 
feet!' " 

44 David then calls him 
lord. So how can he 
be his son?" 



92. THE CULMINATION OF JESUS' ATTACK UPON THE 
RELIGIOUS LEADERS 



MATTHEW, 
CHAPTEB 23 

23 Then Jesus said to 
the crowds and to his 

2 disciples, "The scribes 
and Pharisees have 
taken Moses' seat. 

3 So do everything they 
tell you, and observe 
it all, but do not do as 
they do, for they talk 

4 but do not act. They 
tie up heavy loads 
and have them put on 
men's shoulders, but 
they will not lift a 
finger to move them. 

5 They do everything 
they do to have men 
see it. They wear 
wide Scripture texts 
as charms, and they 



Mark 12.-37&-40 

o** 

b The mass of the 
people liked to hear 

as him. And in the 
course of his teaching 
he said to them, "Be- 
ware of the scribes 
who like to go about 
in long robes and to be 
saluted with respect 

39 in public places, and 
to have the front 
seats in the syna- 
gogues and the best 

40 places at dinners 
men that eat up 
widows' houses and to 
cover it up make long 
prayers ! They will 
get a far heavier sen- 
tence!" 



LUKE 20:45-47 

45 While all the people 
were listening, he said 

46 to his disciples, "Be- 
ware of the scribes 
who like to go about 
in long robes, and love 
to be saluted with re- 
spect in public places, 
and to have the front 
seats in the syna- 
gogues and the best 
places at banquets 

47 men who eat up 
widows' houses and to 
cover it up make long 
prayers ! They will 
get all the heavier sen- 
tence!" 



176 



The Student's Gospels 



e wear large tassels, and 
they like the best 
places at dinners and 
the front seats in the 

7 synagogues, and to be 
saluted with respect 
in public places, and 
to have men call them 

s 'Rabbi.' But you 
must not let people 
call you 'Rabbi,' for 
you have only one 
teacher, and you are 

9 all brothers. And you 
must not call anyone 
on earth your father, 
for you have only one 
father, your heavenly 

10 Father. And you 
must not let men call 
you master, for you 
have only one master, 

11 the Christ. But he 
who is greatest among 
you must be your 

12 servant. Whoever ex- 
alts himself will be 
humbled and whoever 
humbles himself will 

is be exalted. But alas 
for you, you hypo- 
critical scribes and 
Pharisees, for you lock 
the doors of the King- 
dom of Heaven in 
men's faces, for you 
will neither go in 
yourselves nor let 
those enter who are 

is trying to do so. Alas 
for you, you hypo- 
critical scribes and 
Pharisees, for you 
scour land and sea to 
make one convert, 
and when he is con- 
verted you make him 
twice as fit for the pit 

jo as you are. Alas for 



The Passion Week 



177 



you, you blind guides, 
who say, 'If anyone 
swears by the sanctu- 
ary, it does not mat- 
ter, but if anyone 
swears by the gold of 
the sanctuary, it is 

17 binding.' Blind fools! 
which is greater, the 
gold, or the sanctuary 
that makes the gold 

is sacred? You say, 'If 
anyone swears by the 
altar, it does not mat- 
ter, but if anyone 
swears by the offering 
that is on it, it is bind- 

19 ing.' You blind men ! 
Which is greater, the 
offering, or the altar 
that makes the offer- 

20 ing sacred? Anyone 
who swears by the 
altar is swearing by it 
and by everything 

21 that is on it, and any- 
one who swears by the 
sanctuary is swearing 
by it and by him who 

22 dwells in it; and any- 
one who swears by 
heaven is swearing by 
the throne of God and 
by him who sits upon 

23 it. Alas for you, you 
hypocritical scribes 
and Pharisees, for you 
pay tithes on mint, 
dill, and cummin, and 
you have let the 
weightier matters of 
the Law go justice, 
mercy, and integrity. 
But you should have 
observed these, with- 
out overlooking the 

24 others. You blind 
guides! straining out 
the gnat, and yet 



178 



The Student's Gospels 



swallowing the camel ! 

25 Alas for you, you 
hypocritical scribes 
and Pharisees, for you 
clean the outside of 
the cup and the dish, 
but inside they are full 
of greed and self-in- 

20 dulgence. You blind 
Pharisee! You must 
first clean the inside 
of the cup and the 
dish, so that the out- 
side may be clean too. 

27 Alas for you, you 
hypocritical scribes 
and Pharisees, for you 
are like white-washed 
tombs ! They look 
well on the outside, 
but inside they are 
full of the bones of the 
dead, and all that is 

as unclean. So you out- 
wardly appear to men 
to be upright, but 
within you are full of 
hypocrisy and wick- 

19 edness. Alas for you, 
you hypocritical 
scribes and Pharisees, 
for you build tombs 
for the prophets, and 
decorate the monu- 

30 ments of the upright, 
and say, 'If we had 
been living in the 
times of our fathers, we 
would not have joined 
them in the murder of 

31 the prophets.' So you 
bear witness against 
yourselves that you 
are descended from 
the murderers of the 

32 prophets. Go on and 
fill up the measure of 
3 r our forefathers' guilt ! 



The Passion Week 



179 



33 You serpents! You 
brood of snakes ! How 
can you escape being 
sentenced to the pit? 

34 This is why I am going 
to send you prophets, 
wise men and scribes, 
some of whom you 
will kill and crucify, 
and some you will flog 
in your synagogues 
and hunt from one 

35 town to another; it is 
that on your heads 
may come all the 
righteous blood shed 
on the earth from the 
blood of Abel the up- 
right to the blood of 
Zechariah, Barachi- 
ah's son, whom you 
murdered between the 
sanctuary and the 

se altar! I tell you, all 
this will come upon 

37 this age! O Jerusa- 
lem, Jerusalem ! mur- 
dering the prophets, 
and stoning those who 
are sent to her, how 
often I have longed to 
gather your children 
around me, as a hen 
gathers her brood un- 
der her wings, but you 

ss refused ! Now I leave 
you to yourselves. 

39 For I tell you, you 
will never see me 
again until you say, 
'Blessed be he who 
comes in the Lord's 
name!'" 



180 



The Student's Gospels 



93. SACRIFICE AS THE MEASURE OF GENEROSITY 



MARK 12:41-44 

41 And he sat down 
facing the treasury 
and watched the peo- 
ple dropping money 
into it; and many rich 
people were putting in 

42 large sums. A poor 
widow came up and 
dropped in two little 
copper coins which 

43 make a cent. And he 
called his disciples to 
him and said, "I tell 
you that this poor 
widow has put in more 
than all these others 
who have been put- 
ting money into the 

44 treasury. For they 
all gave of what they 
had to spare, but she 
in her want has put in 
everything she pos- 
sessed all she had to 
live on." 



LUKE 21 : 1-4 

21 And looking up, he 
saw the rich people 
dropping their gifts 
into the treasury. 

2 And he saw a poor 
widow drop in two 

3 coppers. And he said, 
"I tell you, this poor 
widow has put in more 

4 than all the rest. For 
they all gave from 
what they had to 
spare, but she in her 
want has put in all 
she had to live on." 



Q4. JESUS FORETELLS THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM 
AND THE END OF THE AGE 



MATTHEW, CHAPTERS 
24, 25 

24 And Jesus left the 
Temple and was going 
away, when his dis- 
ciples came up to him 
to call his attention 
to the Temple build- 

2 ings. But he an- 
swered, "Do you see 
all this? I teU you, 
not one stone will be 
left here upon another 
but shall be torn 

3 down." As he was 
sitting on the Mount 
of Olives, the disciples 



MARK, CHAPTER 13 

13 As he was leaving 
the Temple, one of his 
disciples said to him, 
"Look, Master! What 
wonderful stones and 

2 buildings!" Jesus said 
to him, "Do you see 
these great buildings? 
Not one stone shall be 
left here upon another 
that shall not be torn 

3 down." As he was sit- 
ing on the Mount of 
Olives opposite the 
Temple, Peter, James, 
John, and Andrew 



LUKE 21:5-38 

5 When some spoke 
about the Temple and 
its decoration with 
costly stone and vo- 
tive offerings, he said, 

e "As for all this that 
you are looking at, the 
time is coming when 
not one stone will be 
left here upon another 
that will not be torn 

7 down!" Then they 
asked him, "Master, 
when will this happen, 
and what will be the 
sign that it is going to 



The Passion Week 



181 



came up to him by 
themselves, and said 
to him, "Tell us when 
this is to happen, and 
what will be the sign 
of your coming, and 
of the close of the 

4 age." Jesus answered, 
"Take care that no 
one misleads you 

s about this. For many 
will come under my 
name, and say, 'I am 
the Christ,' and many 
will be misled by 

e them. You will hear 
of wars and rumors of 
war; do not let your- 
selves be alarmed. 
They have to come, 
but that is not the 

7 end. For nation will 
rise in arms against 
nation, and kingdom 
against kingdom, and 
there will be famines 
and earthquakes here 

s and there. All this is 
only the beginning of 

9 the sufferings. Then 
they will hand you 
over to persecution 
and they will put you 
to death, and you will 
be hated by all the 
heathen because you 
H> bear my name. Then 
many will fall away 
and betray one an- 
other and hate one 

11 another. Many false 
prophets will appear, 
and many will be mis- 

12 led by them, and be- 
cause of the increase 
of wickedness, most 
men's love will grow 

13 cold. But he who 
holds out to the end 



asked him, apart from 
4 the others, "Tell us 
when this is to hap- 
pen, and what the 
sign will be when it is 
all just going to be 
s carried out." And Je- 
sus said to them, 
"Take care that no 
one misleads you about 

6 this. Many will come 
under my name and 
say, 'I am he,' and 
many will be misled 

7 by them. But when 
you hear of wars and 
rumors of war, you 
must not be alarmed. 
They have to come, 
but it is not yet the 

s end. For nation will 
rise in arms against 
nation and kingdom 
against kingdom; 
there will be earth- 
quakes here and there, 
there will be famines. 
This is only the be- 
ginning of the suffer- 

9 ings. But you must 
be on your guard; 
they will hand you 
over to courts and you 
will be taken into syn- 
agogues and beaten, 
and you will be 
brought before gover- 
nors and kings on my 
account, to testify to 

10 them. For before the 
end the good news 
must be preached to 

11 all the heathen. When 
they are taking you off 
to trial do not worry 
beforehand about 
what you ought to 
say, but say whatever 
is given you when the 



s take place?" And he 
said, "Take care not 
to be misled. For 
many will come under 
my name, and say, 'I 
am he,' and 'The time 
is at hand.' Do not 

9 follow them. But 
when you hear of wars 
and outbreaks, do not 
be alarmed. These 
have to come first, 
but the end does not 
follow immediately." 

10 Then he said to them, 
"Nation will rise in 
arms against nation, 
and kingdom against 

11 kingdom. There will 
be great earthquakes, 
and pestilence and 
famine here and there. 
There will be horrors 
and great signs in the 

12 sky. But before all 
this, men will arrest 
you and persecute 
you, and hand you 
over to synagogues 
and prisons and have 
you brought before 
kings and governors 

is on my account. It 
will all lead to your 

14 testifying. So make 
up your minds not to 
prepare your defense, 

is for I will give you 
such wisdom of utter- 
ance as none of your 
opponents will be able 
to resist or dispute. 

16 You will be betrayed 
even by your parents 
and brothers and kins- 
men and friends and 
they will put some of 

17 you to death, and you 
will be hated by ev- 



182 



The Student's Gospels 



14 will be saved. And 
this good news of the 
kingdom will be 
preached all over the 
world, to testify to all 
the heathen, and then 

15 the end will come. So 
when you see the 
dreadful desecration, 
of which the prophet 
Daniel spoke, set up 
in the Holy Place" 
the reader must take 

10 note of this "then 
those who are in Ju- 
dea must fly to the 

17 hills; a man on the 
roof of his house must 
not go down to get 

is things out of it, and a 
man in the field must 
not turn back to get 

19 his coat. But alas for 
women who are with 
child at that tune or 

20 who have babies ! And 
pray that you may 
not have to fly in 
winter or on the Sab- 
si bath, for there will be 

greater misery then 
than there has ever 
been from the begin- 
ning of creation until 
now, or ever will be 

22 again. If those days 
had not been cut 
short, nobody would 
have escaped, but for 
the sake of God's peo- 
ple those days will be 

23 cut short. If anyone 
says to you at that 
time, 'Look! here is 
the Christ!' or 'There 
he is!' do not believe 

24 it, for false Christs 
and false prophets will 
appear, and they will 



time comes, for it is 
not you that will 
speak, but the holy 

12 Spirit. Brother will 
give up brother to be 
put to death, and the 
father his child, and 
children will turn 
against their par- 
ents and have them 

is put to death. You will 
be hated by everyone, 
because you bear my 
name. But he who 
holds out to the end 

u will be saved. But as 
soon as you see the 
dreadful desecration 
standing where he has 
no right to stand" 
(the reader must take 
note of this), "then 
those who are in Ju- 
dea must fly to the 

is hills; a man on the 
roof of his house must 
not go down or go into 
the house to get any- 

16 thing out of it, and a 
man in the field must 
not turn back to get 

17 his coat. Alas for 
women who are with 
child at that time, or 
who have babies ! 

is Pray that it may not 
be winter when it 

19 comes, for there will 
be such misery in 
those days as there 
has never been since 
the beginning of God's 
creation until now, 
and never will be 

20 again. If the Lord 
had not cut those days 
short, nobody would 
have escaped, but for 
the sake of his own 



eryone because you 

is bear my name. Yet 

not a hair of your head 

19 will perish ! It is by 
your endurance that 
you will win your 

20 souls. But when you 
see Jerusalem being 
surrounded by armies, 
then you must under- 
stand that her devas- 
tation is at hand. 

21 Then those who are in 
Judea must fly to the 
hills, those who are in 
the city must get out 
of it, and those who 
are in the country 
must not go into it, 

22 for those are the days 
of vengeance, when 
all that is written in 
the Scriptures will be 

23 fulfilled. But alas for 
women who are with 
child at that time, or 
who have babies, for 
there will be great 
misery in the land and 
anger at this people. 

24 They will fall by the 
edge of the sword, and 
be carried off as pris- 
oners among all na- 
tions, and Jerusalem 
will be trampled under 
foot by the heathen, 
until the tune of the 

25 heathen comes. There 
will be signs too in 
sun, moon, and stars, 
and on earth dismay 
among the heathen, 
bewildered at the roar 
of the sea and the 

26 waves. Men will 
swoon with fear and 
foreboding of what is 
to happen to the 



The Passion Week 



183 



show great signs and 
wonders to mislead 
God's chosen people if 

25 they can. Here I have 
told you beforehand. 

26 So if they say to you, 
'There he is, in the 
desert!" do not go out 
there; 'Here he is, in a 
room in here!' do not 

27 believe it. For just as 
the lightning starts in 
the east and flashes to 
the west, so the coming 
of the Son of Man will 

28 be. Wherever there is 
a dead body, the vul- 

29 tures will flock. But 
immediately after the 
misery of those days, 
the sun will be dark- 
ened, and the moon 
will not shed its light, 
and the stars will fall 
from the sky, and the 
forces of the sky will 

so shake. Then the sign 
of the Son of Man 
will appear in the sky, 
and all the nations of 
the earth will lament 
when they see the 
Son of Man coming 
on the clouds of the 
sky, in all his power 

si and splendor. And he 
will send out his an- 
gels with a loud 
trumpet-call, and they 
will gather his chosen 
people from the four 
winds, from one end 
of the sky to the other. 

32 Let the fig tree teach 
you the lesson. As 
soon as its branches 
grow soft and put 
forth leaves, you know 
that summer is com- ! 



chosen people he has 

21 cut the days short. If 
anyone says to you at 
that time, 'Look ! 
Here is the Christ!' 
or 'Look! There he 
is!' do not believe it. 

22 For false Christs and 
false prophets will 
appear, and they will 
show signs and won- 
ders to mislead God's 
chosen people if they 

23 can. But you must be 
on your guard; I have 
told you all about it 

24 beforehand. But in 
those days, when that 
misery is over, the 
sun will be darkened 
and the moon will not 

as shed its light and the 
stars will fall from the 
sky and the forces in 
the sky will shake. 

26 Then they will see the 
Son of Man coming on 
the clouds with great 

27 power and glory, and 
then he will send out 
the angels and gather 
his chosen people from 
the four winds, from 
one end of the world 
to the other. 

28 "Let the fig tree 
teach you the lesson. 
As soon as its branches 
grow soft and put 
forth leaves you know 
that summer is com- 

29 ing. So when you see 
these things happen- 
ing, you must know 
that he is just at the 

so door. I tell you, these 
things will all happen 
before the present age i 

si passes away. Earth 



world, for the forces 
in the sky will shake. 

27 Then they will see the 
Son of Man coming in 
a cloud with great 

28 power and glory. But 
when this begins to 
happen, look up and 
raise your heads, for 
your deliverance will 

29 be at hand." And he 
gave them an illustra- 
tion: "See the fig tree 

so and all the trees. As 
soon as they put out 
their leaves, you see 
them and you know 
without being told 
that summer is com- 

31 ing. So when you see 
these things happen, 
you must know that 
the Kingdom of God 

32 is at hand. I tell you, 
it will all happen be- 
fore the present gene- 
ration passes away. 

33 Earth and sky will 
pass away, but my 

34 words will not. But 
take care that your 
hearts are not loaded 
down with self-indul- 
gence and drunken- 
ness and worldly 
cares, and that day 
takes you by surprise, 

35 like a trap. For it will 
come on all who are 
living anywhere on 
the face of the earth. 

se But you must be 
vigilant and always 
pray that you may 
succeed in escaping 
all this that is going to 
happen, and in stand- 
ing in the presence of 

37 the Son of Man." He 



184 



The Student's Gospels 



33 ing. So when you see 
all these things, you 
must know that he is 

34 just at the door. I tell 
you, these things will 
all happen before the 
present age passes 

35 away. Earth and sky 
will pass away but my 
words will never pass 

se away. But about that 
day or hour no one 
knows, not even the 
angels in heaven nor 
the Son, but only the 

37 Father. For just as it 
was in the time of 
Noah, it will be at 
the coming of the Son 

ss of Man. For just as 
in those days before 
the flood people were 
eating and drinking, 
marrying and being 
married until the very 
day Noah entered the 

39 ark, and knew nothing 
about it until the flood 
came and destroyed 
them all, so it will be 
at the coming of the 

40 Son of Man. Two 
men will be in the 
field; one will be taken 

41 and one left. Two 
women will be grind- 
ing with the handmill; 
one will be taken and 

42 one left. So you must 
be on the watch, for 
you do not know on 
what day your Mas- 

43 ter is coming. But 
you may be sure of' 
this, that if the mas- 
ter of the house had 
known in what part 
of the night the thief 
was coming, he would 



and sky will pass 
away, but my words 

32 will not. But about 
that day or hour no 
one knows, not even 
the angels of heaven, 
nor the Son; only the 

33 Father. You must 
look out and be on the 
alert, for you do not 
know when it will be 

34 time; just as a man 
when he leaves home 
to go on a journey, 
and puts his slaves in 
charge, each with his 
duties, gives orders to 
the watchman to keep 

35 watch. So you must 
be on the watch, for 
you do not know when 
the master of the 
house is coming in 
the evening or at mid- 
night or toward day- 
break or early in the 

se morning for fear he 
should come unex- 
pectedly and find you 

37 asleep. And what I 
am telling you I mean 
for all Be on the 
watch!" 



would spend the days 
teaching in the Tem- 
ple, but at night he 
would go out of the 
city and stay on the 
hill called the Mount 
as of Olives. And in the 
morning all the peo- 
ple would come to him 
in the Temple to listen 
to him. 



The Passion Week 



185 



have been on the 
watch, and would not 
have let his house be 

44 broken into. There- 
fore you must be 
ready too, for the Son 
of Man is coming at 
a time when you do 

45 not expect him. Who 
then will be the faith- 
ful, thoughtful slave 
whom his master put 
in charge of his house- 
hold, to give the mem- 
bers of it their sup- 
plies at the proper 

46 time? Blessed is that 
slave if his master 
when he returns finds 

47 him doing it. I tell 
you, he will put him 
in charge of all his 

48 property. But if he is 
a bad slave and says 
to himself, 'My mas- 
ter is going to stay a 

49 long time,' and begins 
to beat the other 
slaves, and eats and 
drinks with drunk- 

60 ards, that slave's mas- 
ter will come back 
some day when he 
does not expect him, 
and at some time of 
which he does not 

si know, and will cut 
him in two, and put 
him with the hypo- 
crites, to weep and 
gnash his teeth. 

25 "Then the King- 
dom of Heaven will 
be like ten brides- 
maids who took their 
lamps and went out 
to meet the bride- 
2 groom. Now five of 
them were foolish and 



186 



The Student's Gospels 



3 five were sensible. For 
the foolish ones 
brought their lamps 
but brought no oil 

4 with them, but the 
sensible ones with 
their lamps brought 

5 oil in their flasks. As 
the bridegroom was 
slow in coming, they 
all grew drowsy and 

e fell asleep. But in the 
middle of the night 
there was a shout, 
'Here is the bride- 
groom ! Come out 

7 and meet him !' Then 
all the bridesmaids 
awoke, and trimmed 

s their lamps. And the 
foolish ones said to 
the sensible ones, 
'Give us some of your 
oil, for our lamps are 

9 going out.' But the 
sensible ones an- 
swered, 'There may 
not be enough for us 
and you. You had 
better go to the deal- 
ers and buy yourselves 

10 some.' But while they 
were gone to buy it, 
the bridegroom ar- 
rived, and the ones 
that were ready went 
in with him to the 
wedding banquet, and 
the door was closed. 

11 Afterward the other 
bridesmaids came and 
said, 'Sir! Sir! Open 

12 the door for us !" But 
he answered, 'I tell 
you, I do not know 

is you !' So you must 
be on watch, for you 
do not know either 
the day or the hour. 



The Passion Week 



187 



14 For it is just like a 
man who was going on 
a journey, and called 
in his slaves, and put 
his property in their 

is hands. He gave one 
five thousand dollars, 
and another two thou- 
sand, and another one 
thousand; to each ac- 
cording to his ability. 
Then he went away. 

is The man who had re- 
ceived the five thou- 
sand dollars immedi- 
ately went into busi- 
ness with the money, 
and made five thou- 

17 sand more. In the 
same way the man 
who had received the 
two thousand made 
two thousand more. 

is But the man who had 
received the one thou- 
sand went away and 
dug a hole in the 
ground and hid his 

19 master's money. Long 
afterward, their mas- 
ter came back and 
settled accounts with 

20 them. And the man 
who had received the 
five thousand dollars 
came up bringing him 
five thousand more, 
and said, 'Sir, you put 
five thousand dollars 
in my hands; here I 
have made five thou- 

21 sand more." His mas- 
ter said to him, 'Well 
done, my excellent, 
faithful slave ! you 
have been faithful 
about a small amount; 
I will put a large one 
into your hands. 



188 



The Student's Gospels 



Come, share your mas- 
ter's enjoyment!' 

22 And the man who had 
received the two thou- 
sand came up and 
said, 'Sir, you put two 
thousand dollars into 
my hands; here I have 
made two thousand 

23 more.' His master 
said to him, 'Well 
done, my excellent, 
faithful slave ! you 
have been faithful 
about a small amount; 
I will put a large one 
into your hands. 
Come ! share your 
master's enjoyment.' 

24 And the man who had 
received the one thou- 
sand came up and 
said, 'Sir, I knew you 
were a hard man, who 
reaped where you had 
not sown, and gath- 
ered where you had 

25 not threshed, and I 
was frightened, and I 
went and hid your 
thousand dollars in 

26 the ground. Here is 
your money !' His 
master answered, 
'You wicked, idle 
slave ! You knew that 
I reaped where I had 
not sown and gath- 
ered where I had not 

27 threshed? Then you 
ought to have put my 
money in the bank, 
and then when I came 
back I would have 
gotten my property 

28 with interest. So take 
the thousand dollars 
away from him, and 
give it to the man who 



The Passion Week 



189 



has the ten thousand, 

29 for the man who has 
will have more given 
him, and will be 
plentifully supplied, 
and from the man who 
has nothing even what 
he has will be taken 

30 away. And put the 
good-for-nothing slave 
out into the darkness 
outside, to weep and 
grind his teeth there.' 

si When the Son of Man 
comes in his splendor, 
with all his angels 
with him, he will take 
his seat on his glori- 

32 ous throne, and all the 
nations will be gath- 
ered before him, and 
he will separate them 
from one another, just 
as a shepherd sepa- 
rates his sheep from 

33 his goats, and he will 
put the sheep at his 
right hand and the 

34 goats at his left. Then 
the king will say to 
those at his right, 
'Come, you whom my 
Father has blessed, 
take possession of the 
kingdom which has 
been destined for you 
from the creation of 

35 the world. For when I 
was hungry, you gave 
me food, when I was 
thirsty you gave me 
something to drink, 
when I was a stranger, 
you invited me to 

KG your homes, when I 
had no clothes, you 
gave me clothes, when 
I was sick, you looked 
after me, when I was 



190 



The Student's Gospels 



in prison, you came 
37 to see me.' Then the 
upright will answer, 
'Lord, when did we see 
you hungry and give 
you food, or thirsty, 
and give you some- 
ss thing to drink? When 
did we see you a 
stranger, and invite 
you home, or without 
clothing, and supply 

39 you with it? When 
did we see you sick or 
in prison, and go to 

40 see you?' The king 
will answer, 'I tell 
you, in so far as you 
did it to one of the 
humblest of these 
brothers of mine, you 

41 did it to me.' Then he 
will say to those at 
his left, 'Begone, you 
cursed people, to the 
everlasting fire des- 
tined for the devil and 

42 his angels ! For when 
I was hungry, you 
gave me nothing to 
eat, and when I was 
thirsty you gave me 

43 nothing to drink, when 
I was a stranger, you 
did not invite me 
home, when I had no 
clothes, you did not 
supply me, when I was 
sick and in prison, 
you did not look after 

4-i me.' Then they in 
their turn will answer, 
'Lord, when did we 
see you hungry, or 
thirsty, or a stranger, 
or in need of clothes, or 
sick, or in prison, and 
did not wait upon 

45 you?' Then he will 



The Passion Week 



191 



answer, 'I tell you, in 
so far as you failed to 
do it for one of these 
people who are hum- 
blest, you failed to do 
46 it for me.' Then they 
will go away to ever- 
lasting punishment, 
and the upright to 
everlasting hie." 



95. JUDAS PLOTS TO BETRAY JESUS 



MATTHEW 26: 1-5, 
14-16 

26 When Jesus had fin- 
ished this discourse he 
said to his disciples, 

2 "You know that in 
two days the Passover 
Festival will come, 
and the Son of Man 
will be handed over to 

3 be crucified." Then 
the high priests and 
the elders of the peo- 
ple gathered in the 
house of the high 
priest, whose name 

4 was Caiaphas, and 
plotted to arrest Jesus 
by stealth and put 

5 him to death. But 
they said, "It must 
not be during the fes- 
tival, or there may be 
a riot." 

14 Then one of the 
Twelve, named Judas 
Iscariot, went to the 

is high priests, and said, 
"What will you give 
me if I hand him over 
to you?" And they 
counted him out thir- 

10 ty silver pieces. And 
from that time he 
watched for . a good 
opportunity to hand 
him over to them. 



MAKE 14:1-2, 10-11 

14 It was now two 
days before the festi- 
val of the Passover 
and of Unleavened 
Bread. And the high 
priests and scribes 
were casting about for 
a way to arrest him 
by stealth and put 
2 him to death, for they 
said, "It must not be 
during the festival, or 
there may be a riot." 

10 Then Judas Iscari- 
ot, one of the Twelve, 
went to the high 
priests to betray Jesus 

n to them. They were 
delighted to hear it 
and promised to pay 
him for it. So he was 
watching for an op- 
portunity to betray 
him to them. 



LUKE 22 : 1-6 

22 The festival of Un- 
leavened Bread, which 
is called the Passover, 

2 was approaching. And 
the high priests and 
the scribes were cast- 
ing about for a way to 
put him to death, for 
they were afraid of 

3 the people. But Sa- 
tan entered into Ju- 
das, who was called 
Iscariot, a member of 

4 the Twelve. And he 
went off and discussed 
with the high priests 
and captains of the 
Temple how he could 
betray him to them. 

s And they were de- 
lighted and agreed to 

e pay him for it. And 
he accepted their 
offer, and watched for 
an opportunity to be- 
tray him to them 
without a disturbance. 



192 



The Student's Gospels 



96. A PROPHETIC ANOINTING BY A REPENTANT WOMAN 

[See also 32] 



MATTHEW 26:6-13 

e When Jesus got 
back to Bethany, to 
the house of Simon 

7 the leper, a woman 
came up to him with 
an alabaster flask of 
very expensive per- 
fume and poured it 
upon his head, while 

& he was at table. When 
his disciples saw it, 
they said indignantly, 
"What was the use of 
wasting it like that? 

9 It might have been 
sold for a large sum, 
and the money given 

10 to the poor." But Je- 
sus observed this and 
said to them, "Why 
do you bother the 
woman? It is a fine 
thing that she has 

11 done to me. For you 
always have the poor 
among you, but you 
will not always have 

12 me. In pouring this 
perfume on me she 
has done something 
to prepare me for buri- 

13 al. I tell you, wher- 
ever this good news is 
preached all over the 
world, what she has 
done will also be told, 
in memory of her." 



MARK 14:3-9 

3 Jesus was in Beth- 
any, at the house of 
Simon the leper, and 
as he was at table, a 
woman came in, with 
an alabaster flask of 
pure nard perfume, 
very expensive ; she 
broke the flask and 
poured the perfume 

4 on his head. But there 
were some who said 
indignantly to them- 
selves, "What was the 
use of wasting the per- 

s fume like that? It 
might have been sold 
for more than sixty 
dollars, and the mon- 
ey have been given to 
the poor." And they 

e grumbled at her. But 
Jesus said, "Leave her 
alone. Why do you 
bother her? It is a 
fine thing that she has 

7 done to me. For you 
always have the poor 
among you, and when- 
ever you please you 
can do for them, but 
you will not always 

s have me. She has done 
all she could; she has 
perfumed my body in 
preparation for my 

9 burial. I tell you, 
wherever the good 
news is preached all 
over the world, what 
she has done will also 
be told in memory of 
her." 



LUKE 7:36-50 

as One of the Phari- 
sees asked him to 
have dinner with him, 
and he went to the 
Pharisee's house and 
took his place at the 

37 table. Now there was 
a woman in the town 
who was leading a sin- 
ful life, and when she 
learned that he was 
having dinner at the 
Pharisee's house, she 
got an alabaster flask 

as of perfume, and came 
and stood behind him 
at his feet, weeping, 
and began to wet his 
feet with her tears, 
and she wiped them 
with her hair and 
kissed them, and put 
the perfume on them. 

39 When the Pharisee 
who had invited him 
saw this, he said to 
himself, "If this man 
were really a prophet, 
he would know who 
and what the woman 
is who is touching 
him, for she leads 

40 a wicked life." Jesus 
answered him, and 
said to him, "Simon, 
there is something I 
want to say to you." 
He said, "Proceed, 

41 Master." "Two men 
were in debt to a 
money-lender. One 
owed him a hundred 
dollars and the other 

42 ten. As they could not 
pay him, he canceled 



The Passion Week 



193 



what they owed him. 
Now which of them 
will be more attached 

43 to him?" Simon an- 
swered, "The one, I 
suppose, for whom he 
canceled most." "You 
are right," he said. 

44 And turning to the 
woman, he said to 
Simon, "Do you see 
this woman? I came 
to your house; you 
did not give me any 
water for my feet, but 
she has wet my feet 
with tears and wiped 
them with her hair. 

45 You did not give me 
a kiss, but from the 
moment I came in she 
has not stopped kiss- 

46 ing my feet. You did 
not put any oil upon 
my head, but she has 
put perfume upon my 

47 feet. Therefore, I tell 
you, her sins, many as 
they are, are forgiven, 
for she has loved me 
so much. But the man 
with little to be for- 
given loves me but 

48 little." And he said 
to her, "Your sins are 

49 forgiven!" The men 
at table with him be- 
gan to say to them- 
selves, "Who is this 
man, who even for- 

50 gives sins?" But he 
said to the woman, 
"It is your faith that 
has saved you. Go in 
peace." 



194 



The Student's Gospels 



97. THE LAST SUPPER OF JESUS WITH HIS DISCIPLES 



MATTHEW 26 : 17-30 

17 On the first day of 
the festival of Un- 
leavened Bread, the 
disciples came to Je- 
sus and said, "Where 
do you wish us to 
make the preparations 
for you to eat tae 
Passover supper?" 

is And he said, "Go into 
the city, to a certain 
man, and say to him, 
'The Master says, 
"My time is near. I 
am going to keep the 
Passover at your 
house with my dis- 

19 ciples." ' " So the dis- 
ciples did as Jesus di- 
rected them, and pre- 
pared the Passover 

20 supper. When evening 
came, he took his 
place at table with the 

21 twelve disciples. And 
as they were eating, 
he said, "I tell you, 
one of you will betray 

22 me !" They were deep- 
ly hurt and began to 
say to him one after 
another, "Can it be I, 

23 Master?" He an- 
swered, "The man 
who just dipped his 
hand in the same dish 
with me is going to be- 

24 tray me. The Son of 
Man is to go awaj as 
the Scriptures say of 
him, but alas for the 
man by whom the 
Son of Man is be- 
trayed ! It would 
have been better for 
that man if he had 



MAHK 14 : 12-26 

12 On the first day of 
the festival of Un- 
leavened Bread, on 
which it was custom- 
ary to kill the Pass- 
over lamb, Jesus' dis- 
ciples said to him, 
"Where do you wish 
us to go and make the 
preparations for you 
to eat the Passover 

is supper?" So he sent 
away two of his dis- 
ciples, saying to them, 
"Go into the city, and 
you will meet a man 
carrying a pitcher of 
water. Follow him, 

14 and whatever house he 
goes into, say to the 
man of the house, 
'The Master says, 
"Where is my room 
where I can eat the 
Passover supper with 

is my disciples?" ' And 
he will show you a 
large room up&tairs, 
furnished and ready. 
Make your prepara- 
tions for us there." 

10 So the disciples start- 
ed and went into the 
city, and found every- 
thing just as he had 
told them; and they 
prepared the Passover 

17 supper. When it was 
evening he came with 

is the Twelve. And when 
they were at the table 
eating, Jesus said, "I 
tell you, one of you is 
going to betray me 
one who is eating with 

19 me." And they were 



LUKE 22:7-30 

7 When the day of 
Unleavened Bread 
came, on which the 
Passover lamb had to 

s be sacrificed, Jesus 
sent Peter and John, 
saying to them, "Go 
and make preparations 
for us to eat the Pass- 

9 over." They said to 
him, "Where do you 
want us to prepare 

10 it?" He said to them, 
"Just after you enter 
the city, you will meet 
a man carrying a 
pitcher of water. Fol- 
low him to the house 

11 to which he goes, and 
say to the man of the 
house, 'Our Master 
says to you, "Where is 
the room where I can 
eat the Passover sup- 
per with my disci- 

12 pies?" ' And he will 
show you a large room 
upstairs with the nec- 
essary furniture. 
Make your prepara- 

13 tions there." So they 
went and found every- 
thing just as he had 
told them, and they 
prepared the Passover 

14 supper. When the 
time came, he took 
his place at the table, 
with the apostles 

i& about him. And he 
said to them, "I have 
greatly desired to eat 
this Passover supper 
with you before I 

16 suffer. For I tell you, 
I will never eat one 



The Passion Week 



195 



never been born !" 

25 Judas, who betrayed 
him, said, "Can it be 
I, Master?" He said 
to him, "You are 

26 right!" As they were 
eating Jesus took a 
loaf and blessed it, 
and he broke it in 
pieces and gave it to 
his disciples, saying, 
"Take this and eat it. 

27 It is my body !" And 
he took the wine-cup 
and gave thanks and 
gave it to them, say- 
ing, "You must all 

28 drink from it, for this 
is my blood which 
ratifies the agreement, 
and is to be poured 
out for many people, 
for the forgiveness of 

29 their sins. And I tell 
you I will never drink 
this product of the 
vine again till the day 
when I shall drink the 
new wine with you in 
my Father's king- 
so dom!" After singing 

the hymn, they went 
out of the city and 
up the Mount of 
Olives. 



hurt, and said to him 
one after another, 

20 "Can it be I?" He 
said to them, "It is 
one of the Twelve, 
who is dipping his 
bread in the same dish 

21 with me. For the Son 
of Man is indeed to go 
away as the Scrip- 
tures say of him, but 
alas for the man by 
whom the Son of Man 
is betrayed ! It would 
have been better for 
that man if he had 

22 never been born." As 
they were eating, he 
took a loaf and blessed 
it, and he broke it in 
pieces and gave it to 
them, saying, "Take 
this. It is my body." 

23 And he took the wine 
cup and gave thanks 
and gave it to them, 
and they all drank 

24 from it. And he said 
to them, "This is my 
blood which ratifies 
the agreement, and is 
to be poured out for 

25 many people. I tell 
you, I will never drink 
the product of the 
vine again till the day 
when I shall drink the 
new wine in the King- 

26 dom of God." After 
singing the hymn 
they went out of the 
city and up the Mount 
of Olives. 



again until it reaches 
its fulfilment in the 
Kingdom of God." 

i? And when he was 
handed a cup, he 
thanked God, and 
then said, "Take this 
and share it among 

is you, for I tell you, I 
will not drink the 
product of the vine 
again until the King- 
dom of God comes." 

19 And he took a loaf of 
bread and thanked 
God, and broke it in 
pieces, and gave it to 
them, saying, "This 

21 is my body. Yet 
look ! The hand of the 
man who is betraying 
me is beside me on 

22 the table! For the 
Son of Man is going 
his way, as it has been 
decreed, but alas for 
the man by whom the 
Son of Man is be- 

23 trayed!" And they 
began to discuss with 
one another which of 
them it was who was 

24 going to do this. A 
dispute also arose 
among them, as to 
which one of them 
ought to be consid- 

25 ered the greatest. But 
he said to them, "The 
kings of the heathen 
lord it over them and 
their authorities are 
given the title of Bene- 

26 factor. But you are 
not to do so, but who- 
ever is greatest among 
you must be like the 
youngest, and the 
leader like a servant. 



196 



The Student's Gospels 



27 For which is greater, 
the man at the table, 
or the servant who 
waits on him? Is not 
the man at the table? 
Yet I am like a serv- 

28 ant among you. But 
it is you who have 
stood by me in my 

29 trials. So just as 
my Father has con- 
ferred a kingdom 
on me, I confer on 

30 you the right to eat 
and drink at my table 
in my kingdom, and to 
sit on thrones and 
judge the twelve tribes 
of Israel! 



98. JESUS FORETELLS HIS DISCIPLES' DEFECTION 



MATTHEW 26:31-35 

31 Then Jesus said to 
them, "You will all 
desert me tonight, for 
the Scriptures say, 'I 
will strike the shep- 
herd, and the sheep of 
the flock will be scat- 

32 tered.' But after I 
am raised to life again, 
I will go back to Gali- 

33 lee before you." Peter 
answered, "If they all 
desert you, I will 

34 never do it!" Jesus 
said to him, "I tell 
you, tonight, before a 
cock crows, you will 
disown me three 

35 times!" Peter said to 
him, "Even if I have 
to die with you, I will 
never disown you!" 
All the disciples said 
so too. 



MARK 14:27-31 

27 And Jesus said to 
them, "You will all 
desert me, for the 
Scriptures say, 'I will 
strike the shepherd, 
and the sheep will be 

zs scattered.' But after 
I am raised to life 
again I will go back 
to Galilee before you." 

29 But Peter said to him, 
"Even if they all de- 
sert you, I will not!" 

30 Jesus said to him, "I 
tell you, this very 
night before the cock 
crows twice you your- 
self will disown me 

31 three times!" But 
he persisted vehe- 
mently, "If I have to 
die with you, I will 
never disown you." 
And they all said the 
same thing. 



LUKE 22:31-38 

31 "O Simon, Simon! 
Satan has obtained 
permission to sift all 

32 of you like wheat, but 
I have prayed that 
your own faith may 
not fail. And after- 
ward you yourself 
must turn and 
strengthen your broth- 

33 ers." Peter said to 
him, "Master, I am 
ready to go to prison 
and to death with 

34 you!" But he said, 
"I tell you, Peter, the 
cock will not crow to- 
day before you deny 
three times that you 

35 know me!" And he 
said to them, "When 
I sent you out with- 
out any purse or bag 
or shoes, was there 
anything you need- 
ed?" They said, "No, 



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197 



MATTHEW 26 : 36-46 

ae Then Jesus came 
with them to a place 
called Gethsemane, 
and he said to the dis- 
ciples, "Sit down here 
while I go over yonder 

37 and pray." And he 
took Peter and Zebe- 
dee's two sons with 
him, and he began to 
show grief and dis- 

ss tress of mind. Then 
he said to them, "My 
heart is almost break- 
ing. You must stay 
here and keep watch 

39 with me." And he 
went on a little way, 
and threw himself on 
his face, and prayed, 
saying, "My Father, 
if it is possible, let this 
cup pass by me. Yet 
not as I please but as 

4d you do!" When he 
went back to the dis- 



99. GETHSEMANE 

MAEK 14:32-42 

32 They came to a 
place called Geth- 
semane, and he said to 
his disciples, "Sit 
down here while I 

33 pray." And he took 
Peter, James, and 
John along with him, 
and he began to feel 
distress and dread, 

34 and he said to them, 
"My heart is almost 
breaking. You must 
stay here and keep 

35 watch." And he went 
on a little way and 
threw himself on the 
ground and prayed 
that if it were possible 
he might be spared 

38 the hour of trial; and 
he said, "Abba!" that 
is, Father, "anything 
is possible for you! 
Take this cup away 
from me! Yet not 



sa nothing." He said to 
them, "But now, if a 
man has a purse let 
him take it, and a bag 
too. And a man who 
has no sword must sell 
his coat and buy one. 

37 For I tell you that this 
saying of Scripture 
must find its fulfil- 
ment in me: 'He was 
rated an outlaw.' Yes, 
that saying about me 
is to be fulfilled!" 

ss But they said, "See, 
Master, here are two 
swords!" And he said 
to them, "Enough of 
this!" 



LUKE 22:39-46 



39 



And he went out of 
the city and up on the 
Mount of Olives as he 
was accustomed to do, 
with his disciples fol- 

40 lowing him. And 
when he reached the 
spot, he said to them, 
"Pray that you may 
not be subjected to 

41 trial." And he with- 
drew about a stone's 
throw from them, and 
kneeling down he 

42 prayed and said, "Fa- 
ther, if you are willing, 
take this cup away 
from me. But not my 
will but yours be 

45 done!" When he got 
up from his prayer, 
he went to the dis- 
ciples and found them 
asleep from sorrow. 

46 And he said to them, 
"Why are you asleep? 



198 



The Student's Gospels 



ciples he found them 
asleep. And he said to 
Peter, "Then were 
you not able to watch 
with me for one hour? 

41 You must all watch, 
and pray that you 
may not be exposed to 
trial! One's spirit is 
eager, but flesh and 

42 blood are weak!" He 
went away again a 
second time and 
prayed, saying, "My 
Father, if it cannot 
pass by me without 
my drinking it, your 

43 will be done." When 
he came back he 
found them asleep 
again, for they could 
hardly keep their eyes 

44 open. And he left 
them and went away 
again and praj^ed a 
third time, in the same 

45 words as before. Then 
he came back to the 
disciples and said to 
them, "Are you still 
sleeping and taking 
your rest? See, the 
time has come for the 
Son of Man to be 
handed over to wicked 

46 men! Get up! Let us 
be going ! Look ! Here 
comes my betrayer !" 



what I please but 
what you do !" 

37 When he went back 
he found them asleep, 
and he said to Peter, 
"Simon, are you 
asleep? Were you not 
able to watch for one 

ss hour? You must all 
watch, and pray that 
you may not be sub- 
jected to trial. One's 
spirit is eager, but 
human nature is 

39 weak." He went away 
again and prayed in 
the same words as be- 

40 fore. When he came 
back he found them 
asleep again, for they 
could hardly keep 
their eyes open; and 
they did not know 
what answer to make 

41 to him. When he 
came back for the 
third time, he said to 
them, "Are you still 
sleeping and taking 
your rest? Enough of 
this! The time has 
come. See ! the Son of 
Man is betrayed into 
the hands of wicked 

42 men. Get up, let us 
be going. Look! here 
comes my betrayer!" 



Get up, and pray that 
you may not be sub- 
jected to trial!" 



100. JESUS 
MATTHEW 26 :47-56 



47 Just as he was 
speaking, Judas, one 
of the Twelve, came 
up, and with him a 
great crowd with 
swords and clubs, 
from the high priests 



IS BETRAYED AND ARRESTED 

MARK 14 : 43-52 LUKE 22 : 47-53 



43 Just at that mo- 
ment, while he was 
still speaking, Judas, 
who was one of the 
Twelve, came up, and 
with him a crowd of 
men with swords and 



47 While he was still 
speaking, a crowd of 
people came up, with 
the man called Judas, 
one of the Twelve, at 
their head, and he 
stepped up to Jesus 



The Passion Week, 



199 



and the elders of the 

48 people. Now the man 
who betrayed him 
gave them a signal, 
saying "The one I 
kiss is the man. Seize 

49 him!" And he went 
straight up to Jesus 
and said, "Good eve- 
ning, Master!" and 
kissed him affection- 

so ately. Jesus said to 
him, "My friend, 
what are you here 
for?" Then they came 
up and laid hands on 
Jesus and secured 

si him. One of the 
men with Jesus put 
out his hand and drew 
his sword, and strik- 
ing at the high priest's 
slave, cut his ear off. 

52 Then Jesus said to 
him, "Put your sword 
back where it belongs ! 
For all who draw the 
sword will die by the 

53 sword. Do you sup- 
pose I cannot appeal 
to my Father, and he 
would at once furnish 
me more than twelve 

54 legions of angels? But 
then how are the 
Scriptures to be ful- 
filled, which say that 
this must happen?" 

55 At that same time 
Jesus said to the 
crowd, "Have you 
come out to arrest me 
with swords and clubs, 
as though I were a 
robber? Day after 
day I have sat in the 
Temple teaching, and 
you never seized me. 

56 But this has all taken 



clubs, from the high 
priests, scribes, and 

44 elders. Now the man 
who betrayed him 
had given them a sig- 
nal, saying, "The one 
I kiss is the man. 
Seize him and take 
him safely away." 

45 So when he came he 
went straight up to 
Jesus and said, "Mas- 
ter!" and kissed him 

46 affectionately. And 
they laid hands on 
him and seized him. 

47 But one of the by- 
standers drew his 
sword and struck at 
the high priest's slave 
and cut his ear off. 

48 And Jesus spoke and 
said to them, "Have 
you come out to ar- 
rest me with swords 
and clubs, as though 

49 I were a robber? I 
have been among you 
day after day in the 
Temple teaching, and 
you never seized me. 
But let the Scriptures 

so be fulfilled!" Then all 
the disciples left him 
and made their es- 

51 cape. And a young 
man followed him 
with nothing but a 
linen cloth about his 
body; and they seized 

52 him, but he left the 
cloth behind and ran 
away naked. 



48 to kiss him. Jesus 
said to him, "Would 
you betray the Son of 
Man with a kiss?" 

49 Those who were about 
him saw what was 
coming and said, 
"Master, shall we use 

so our swords?" And 
one of them did strike 
at the high priest's 
slave and cut his right 

si ear off. But Jesus an- 
swered, "Let me do 
this much!" And he 
touched his ear and 

52 healed him. And Je- 
sus said to the high 
priests, captains of the 
Temple, and elders 
who had come to 
take him, "Have you 
come out with swords 
and clubs as - though I 

53 were a robber? When 
I was among you day 
after day in the Tem- 
ple you never laid a 
hand on me! But you 
choose this hour, and 
the cover of dark- 
ness!" 



200 



The Student's Gospels 



place in fulfilment of 
the writings of the 
prophets." Then all 
the disciples left him 
and made their es- 
cape. 



101. JESUS IS CONDEMNED BY THE RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES 
FOR CLAIMING TO BE THE CHRIST 



MATTHEW 26 : 57 
27:10 

57 The men who had 
seized Jesus took him 
away to Caiaphas, the 
high priest, at whose 
house the scribes and 
elders had gathered. 

ss And Peter followed 
him at a distance as 
far as the courtyard 
of the high priest's 
house, and he went in- 
side and sat down 
among the attendants 
to see how it came 

59 out. Now the high 
priests and the whole 
council were trying to 
get false testimony 
against Jesus, so that 
they might put him to 

eo death. And they 
could not, although 
many false witnesses 
presented themselves. 
But finally two came 

ei forward and said, 
"This man said, 'I can 
tear down the sanctu- 
ary of God, and build 
it up in three days.' " 

62 And the high priest 
got up and said to 
him, "Have you no 
answer to make? 
What about their evi- 
dence against you?" 

es But Jesus was silent. 



MARK 14:53-72 

53 They took Jesus 
away to the high 
priest, and all the high 
priests, elders, and 
scribes came together. 

54 And Peter followed 
him at a distance, 
right into the court- 
yard of the high priest 
and sat down with the 
attendants and 
warmed himself at the 

55 fire. The high priests 
and the whole council 
tried to get evidence 
against Jesus in order 
to put him to death, 
and they could find 

se none, for while many 
gave false testimony 
against him their evi- 
dence did not agree. 

67 Some got up and gave 
false testimony 
against him to this 

ss effect: "We ourselves 
have heard him say, 'I 
will tear down this 
sanctuary built by 
men's hands, and in 
three days I will build 
another, made with- 

59 out hands.' " And 
even then their evi- 
dence did not agree. 

eo Then the high priest 
got up and came for- 
ward into the center 



LUKE 22:54-71 

54 Then they arrested 
him and led him away 
and took him to the 
house of the high 
priest. And Peter fol- 
lowed at a distance. 

ss And they kindled a 
fire in the middle of 
the courtyard and sat 
about it, and Peter 
sat down among them. 

sa A maid saw him sit- 
ting by the fire and 
looked at him and 
said, "This man was 

57 with him too." But 
he denied it, and said, 
"I do not know him." 

ss Shortly after, a man 
saw him and said, 
"You are one of them 
too!" But Peter said, 

59 "I am not!" About an 
hour later, another 
man insisted, "This 
man was certainly 
with him too, for he is a 

eo Galilean!" But Peter 
said, "I do not know 
what you mean." 
And immediately, just 
as he spoke, a cock 

ei crowed. And the Mas- 
ter turned and looked 
at Peter, and Peter re- 
membered the words 
the Master had said 
to him "Before the 



The Passion Week 



201 



And the high priest 
said to him, "I charge 
you, on your oath, by 
the living God, tell us 
whether you are the 
Christ, the son of 

64 God." Jesus said to 
him, "It is true. But 
I tell you you will 
soon see the Son of 
Man seated at the 
right hand of the Al- 
mighty and coming 
upon the clouds of the 

es sky!" Then the high 
priest tore his clothing 
and said, "He has 
uttered blasphemy ! 
What do we want of 
witnesses now? Here 
you have heard his 

66 blasphemy ! What is 
your decision?" They 
answered, "He de- 

e? serves death." Then 
they spat in his face 
and struck him, and 
others slapped him, 

es saying, "Show us you 
are a prophet, you 
Christ! Who was it 
that struck you?" 

es Now Peter was sitting 
outside in the court- 
yard, and a maid 
came up to him, and 
said, "You were with 
Jesus the Galilean, 

TO too !" But he denied 
it before them all, and 
said, "I do not know 
what you mean." 

71 And he went out into 
the gateway, and an- 
other maid saw him, 
and said to the men 
there, "This fellow 
was with Jesus the 

72Nazarene!" -He de- 



and asked Jesus, 
"Have you no answer 
to make? What about 
their evidence against 

ei you?" But Jesus was 
silent and made no 
answer. The high 
priest again ques- 
tioned him and said 
to him, "Are you the 
Christ, the son of the 

62 Blessed One?" But 
Jesus said, "I am ! and 
you will all see the 
Son of Man seated at 
the right hand of the 
Almighty and coming 
in the clouds of the 

es sky!" Then the high 
priest tore his cloth- 
ing, and said, "What 
do we want of wit- 

64 nesses now? Did you 
hear his blasphemy? 
What is your deci- 
sion?" And they all 
condemned him as de- 
serving to be put to 

es death. And some 
started to spit at him 
and to blindfold him 
and to strike him, and 
say to him, "Now 
show that you are a 
prophet!" And the 
attendants slapped 
him as they took 

ee charge of him. While 
Peter was down in the 
courtyard, one of the 
high priest's maids 

67 came up, and seeing 
Peter warming him- 
self, she looked at him 
and said, "You were 
with this Jesus of 

es Nazareth too!" But 
he denied it, saying, 
"I do not know or 



cock crows today, you 
will disown me three 

62 times!" And he went 
outside and wept bit- 
es terly. The men who 
had Jesus in custody 
flogged him and made 

84 sport of him, and they 
blindfolded him, and 
asked him, "Show 
that you are a proph- 
et! Who was it that 

es struck you?" And 
they said many other 
abusive things to him. 

ee As soon as it was day, 
the elders of the peo- 
ple and the high 
priests and scribes 
assembled, and 
brought him before 
their council, and said 

67 to him, "If you are the 
Christ, tell us so." 
But he said to them, 
"If I tell you, you will 

SB not believe me, and if 
I ask you a question, 
you will not answer 

69 me. But from this 
time on, the Son of 
Man will be seated at 
the right hand of God 

70 Almighty !" And they 
all said, "Are you the 
Son of God then?" 
And he said to them, 
"I am, as you say!" 

71 Then they said, "What 
do we want of testi- 
mony now? We have 
heard it ourselves 
from his own mouth !" 



202 



The Student's Gospels 



nied it again, with an 
oath, and said, "I do 
not know the man!" 

73 A little while after the 
bystanders came up 
to Peter and said, 
"You are certainly 
one of them too, for 
your accent shows it !" 

74 Then he started to 
swear with the strong- 
est oaths, "I do not 
know the man !" And 
at that moment a cock 

75 crowed. And Peter 
remembered Jesus' 
words when he had 
said, "Before a cock 
crows, you will disown 
me three times !" And 
he went outside and 
wept bitterly. 

27 When it was morn- 
ing all the high priests 
and elders of the peo- 
ple held a consulta- 
tion about Jesus, with 
a view to putting him 

2 to death. And they 
bound him and led 
him away and handed 
him over to Pilate 

3 the governor. Then 
Judas who had be- 
trayed him, when he 
saw that he had been 
condemned, in his re- 
morse brought back 
the thirty silver pieces 
to the high priests and 

4 said, "I did wrong 
when I handed an in- 
nocent man over to 
death!" They said, 
"What is that to us? 
You see to it your- 

5 self." And he threw 
down the silver and 
left the Temple and 



understand what you 
mean." He went out 
into the gateway. 

69 And the maid saw him 
there and began again 
to tell the bystanders, 
"This fellow is one of 

70 them!" But he de- 
nied it again. And 
again a little while 
after, the bystanders 
said to Peter, "You 
certainly are one of 
them, for you are a 

71 Galilean!" But he be- 
gan to swear with the 
strongest oaths, "I do 
not know this man 
that you are talking 

72 about!" At that mo- 
ment for the second 
time a cock crowed. 
And Peter remem- 
bered how Jesus had 
said to him, "Before 
the cock crows twice, 
you will disown me 
three times!" And at 
that, he wept aloud. 



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203 



went off and hung 

e himself. The high 
priests gathered up 
the money, and they 
said, "It is not legal 
to put this into the 
Temple treasury, for 

7 it is blood money." So 
after consultation they 
bought with it the 
Potter's Field as a 
burial ground for 

s strangers. For this 
reason that piece of 
ground has ever since 
been called the Field 

9 of Blood. So the 
words spoken by the 
prophet Jeremiah were 
fulfilled: "They took 
the thirty silver pieces, 
the price of the one 
whose price had been 
fixed, on whom some 
of the Israelites had 
10 set a price, and gave 
them for the Potter's 
Field as the Lord di- 
rected me." 



102. PILATE SACRIFICES JESUS TO POPULAR CLAMOR 



MATTHEW 27:11-31 

11 Now Jesus stood 
before the governor, 
and the governor 
asked him, "Are you 
the king of the Jews?" 
Jesus said, "Yes." 

12 And while the high 
priests and elders were 
making their charges 
against him, he made 

is no answer. Then Pi- 
late said to him, "Do 
you not hear what evi- 
dence they are bring- 
ing against you?" 

14 And he made him no 



MAKE; 15:1-20 



15 



As soon as it was 
daylight, the high 
priests held a consul- 
tation with the elders 
and scribes, and they 
and the whole council 
bound Jesus and took 
him away and handed 
him over to Pilate. 

2 Pilate asked him, "Are 
you the king of the 
Jews?" He answered, 

3 "Yes." And the high 
priests kept heaping 
accusations upon him. 

4 But Pilate again asked 



LTTKE 23 : 1-25 

23 Then they arose in 
a body and took him 

2 to Pilate, and they 
made this charge 
against him; "Here 
is a man whom we 
have found mislead- 
ing our nation, and 
forbidding the pay- 
ment of taxes to the 
emperor, and claiming 
to be an anointed king 

3 himself." And Pilate 
asked him, "Are you 
the king of the Jews?' 
He answered, "Yes." 



204 



The Student's Gospels 



reply to even a single 
accusation, so that 
the governor was 
greatly surprised. 

is Now at festival time 
the governor was ac- 
customed to release 
for the people any 
prisoner whom they 

is chose, and at this time 
there was a notorious 
prisoner named Ba- 

n rabbas. So when they 
gathered to ask this, 
Pilate said to them, 
"Which one do you 
want me to release for 
you, Barabbas, or Je- 
sus, the so-called 

is Christ?" For he knew 
that they had handed 
him over to him out 

19 of envy. Now while he 
was on the bench his 
wife sent to him to 
say, "Do not have 
anything to do with 
that upright man, for 
I have just had a 
painful experience in a 
dream about him." 

20 But the high priests 
and the elders pre- 
vailed on the crowd to 
ask for Barabbas, and 
to have Jesus put to 

21 death. And the gov- 
ernor answered, 
"Which of the two do 
do you want me to re- 
lease for you?" They 

22 said, "Barabbas!" Pi- 
late said to them, 
"Then what am I to 
do with Jesus, the so- 
called Christ?" They 
all said, "Have him 

23 crucified !" He said, 



him, "Have you no 
answer to make? See 
what charges they are 
making against you." 

s But Jesus made no 
further answer at all, 
so that Pilate won- 

e dered. Now at festi- 
val time he used to 
set free for them one 
prisoner, whom they 

7 petitioned for. There 
was in prison a man 
called Barabbas, 
among some revolu- 
tionaries who in their 
outbreak had com- 

s mitted murder. And 
a crowd of people 
came up and started 
to ask him for the 

9 usual favor. Pilate 
asked them, "Do you 
want me to set the 
king of the Jews free 

10 for you?" For he 
knew that the high 
priests had handed 
him over to him out of 

11 envy. But the high 
priests stirred up the 
crowd to get him to 
set Barabbas free for 

12 them instead. And 
Pilate again said to 
them, "Then what 
shall I do with the 
man you call the king 

is of the Jews?" They 
shouted back, "Cruci- 

u fy him!" And Pilate 
said to them, "Why, 
what has he done that 
is wrong?" But they 
shouted all the louder, 

is "Crucify him!" And 
as Pilate wanted to 
satisfy the crowd, he 
set Barabbas free for 



4 And Pilate said to 
the high priests and 
the crowd, "I can- 
not find anything 
criminal about this 

s man." But they per- 
sisted and said, "He is 
stirring up the people 
all over Judea by his 
teaching. He began 
in Galilee and he has 

e come here." When 
Pilate heard this, he 
asked if the man were 

7 a Galilean, and learn- 
ing that he belonged 
to Herod's jurisdic- 
tion, he turned him 
over to Herod, for 
Herod was in Jerusa- 
lem at that time. 

s When Herod saw Je- 
sus he was delighted, 
for he had wanted for 
a long time to see him, 
because he had heard 
about him and he 
hoped to see some 
wonder done by him. 

9 And he qiiestioned 
him at some length, 
but he made him no 

10 answer. Meanwhile 
the high priests and the 
scribes stood by and 
vehemently accused 

11 him. And Herod and 
his guards made light 
of him and ridiculed 
him, and they put a 
gorgeous robe on him 
and sent him back to 

12 Pilate. And Herod 
and Pilate became 
friends that day, for 
they had been at en- 
is mity before. Pilate 

summoned the high 
priests and the lead- 



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205 



"Why, what has he 
done that is wrong?" 
But they shouted all 
the louder, "Have 

24 him crucified !" When 
Pilate saw that he was 
gaining nothing but 
that a riot was be- 
ginning instead, he 
took some water and 
washed his hands in 
the presence of the 
crowd, saying, "I am 
not responsible for 
this man's death; you 
must see to it your- 

25 selves." And all the 
people answered, "His 
blood be on us and on 

ue our children!" Then 
he released Barabbas 
for them, and he had 
Jesus flogged and 
handed him over to be 

27 crucified. Then the 
governor's soldiers 
took Jesus into the 
barracks, and got the 
whole battalion to- 
gether about him. 

28 And they stripped him 
and put a red cloak on 

29 him, and made a 
wreath of thorns and 
put it on his head, 
and they put a stick in 
his hand, and knelt 
down before him in 
mockery, saying, 
"Long live the king 

30 of the Jews !" And 
they spat at him, and 
took the stick and 
struck him on the 

31 head. And when they 
had finished making 
sport of him, they 
took off the cloak, and 



them, and after hav- 
ing Jesus flogged 
handed him over to 

is be crucified. Then the 
soldiers took him in- 
side the courtyard, 
that is, of the gover- 
nor's residence, and 
they called the whole 
battalion together. 

17 And they dressed him 
up in a purple cloak, 
and made a wreath of 
thorns and crowned 

is him with it, and they 
began to acclaim him, 
"Long live the king 

19 of the Jews!" And 
they struck him on the 
head with a stick and 
spat at him, and they 
knelt down and did 

20 homage to him. When 
they had finished 
making sport of him, 
they took off the pur- 
ple cloak and put his 
own clothes on him. 
Then they took him 
out of the city to cru- 
cify him. 



ing members of the 
council and the peo- 

14 pie, and said to them, 
"You brought this 
man before me charged 
with misleading the 
people, and here I 
have examined him 
before you and not 
found him guilty of 
any of the things that 
you accuse him of. 

is Neither has Herod, for 
he has sent him back 
to us. You see he has 
done nothing to call 

is for his death. So I 
will teach him a lesson 

is and let him go." But 
they all shouted out, 
"Kill him, and release 
Barabbas for us!" 

19 (He was a man who 
had been put in prison 
for a riot that had 
taken place in the city 
and for murder.) But 

20 Pilate wanted to let 
Jesus go, and he 
called out to them 

21 again. But they kept 
on shouting, "Crucify 
him! Crucify him!" 

22 And he said to them a 
third time, "Why, 
what has he done that 
is wrong? For I have 
found nothing about 
him to call for his 
death. So I will teach 
him a lesson and let 

23 him go." But they 
persisted with loud 
outcries in demanding 
that he be crucified, 
and their shouting 

24 won. And Pilate pro- 
nounced sentence that 
what they asked for 



206 



The Student's Gospels 



put his own clothes 
on him, and led him 
away to be crucified. 



26 should be done. He 
released the man they 
asked for, who had 
been put in prison for 
riot and murder, and 
handed Jesus over to 
their will. 



103. JESUS IS EXECUTED AS A POLITICAL OFFENDER 



MATTHEW 27:32-56 

32 As they went out of 
the city they came up- 
on a Cyrenian named 
Simon, and they forced 
him to carry Jesus' 

33 cross. When they 
came to a place called 
Golgotha, which 
means the Place of the 

34 Skull, they offered 
him a drink of wine 
mixed with gall, and 
when he tasted it he 
would not drink it. 

35 And they crucified 
him and divided up 
his clothes among 
them by drawing lots, 

se and sat down there to 
keep watch of him. 

37 They put above his 
head the charge 
against him, which 
read, "This is Jesus, 
the king of the Jews." 

ss There were two rob- 
bers crucified with 
him at the time, one 
at his right and one 

39 at his left. And the 
passers-by jeered at 
him, shaking their 

40 heads and saying, 
"You who would tear 
down the sanctuary, 
and build one in three 
days, save yourself ! 
If you are the Son of 



MARK 15: 21-41 



21 



And they forced a 
passer-by, who was 
coming in from the 
country, to carry his 
cross one Simon, a 
Cyrenian, the father 
of Alexander and Ru- 

22 fus. And they took him 
to the place called 
Golgotha, which 
means the Place of the 

23 Skull. They offered 
him drugged wine, but 
he would not take it. 

24 Then they crucified 
him, and divided up 
his clothes, drawing 
lots for them to see 
what each of them 

25 should have. It was 
nine in the morning 
when they crucified 

26 him. And the notice 
of the charge against 
him read, "The king 

27 of the Jews." They 
crucified two robbers 
along with him, one 
at his right and one at 

29 his left. And the pass- 
ers-by jeered at him, 
shaking their heads 
and saying, "Aha ! you 
who would tear down 
the sanctuary and 
build one in three 

so days ! Come down 
from the cross and < 



LUKE 23:26-49 

20 As they led Jesus 
away, they seized a 
man named Simon, 
from Cyrene, who was 
coming in from the 
country, and put the 
cross on his back, for 
him to carry behind 

27 Jesus. He was fol- 
lowed by a great 
crowd of the people 
and of women who 
were beating their 
breasts and lamenting 

28 him. But Jesus turned 
to them and said, 
"Women of Jerusa- 
lem, do not weep for 
me but weep for your- 
selves and for your 

29 children, for a time is 
coming when they 
will say, 'Happy are 
the childless women, 
and those who have 
never borne or nursed 

so children !' Then peo- 
ple will begin to say 
to the mountains, 
'Fall on us!' and to 
the hills, 'Cover us 

31 up!' For if this is 
what they do when 
the wood is green, 
what will happen 

32 when it is dry?" Two 
criminals were also 
led out to execution 



The Passion Week 



207 



God, come down from 

41 the cross!" And the 
high priests, too, made 
sport of him with the 
scribes and elders, 

42 and said, "He saved 
others, but he cannot 
save himself! He is 
King of Israel ; let him 
come down from the 
cross now, and we will 

43 believe in him. He 
trusts in God; let God 
deliver him if he cares 
for him, for he said he 

44 was God's son." Even 
the robbers who were 
crucified with him 
abused him in the 

45 same way. Now from 
noon there was dark- 
ness over the whole 
country until three 

46 o'clock. And about 
three, Jesus called out 
loudly, "Eloi, Eloi, 
lema sabachthani?" 
that is, "My God! 
My God! Why have 
you forsaken me?" 

47 Some of the bystand- 
ers when they heard 
it said, "The man is 
calling for Eli j ah ! " 

43 And one of them ran 
off at once and got a 
sponge and soaked it 
in sour wine and put 
it on the end of a stick 
and held it up to him 

49 to drink. But the 
others said, "Let us 
see whether Elijah will 
come to save him." 

so But Jesus cried out 
again loudly, and gave 

si up his spirit. And at 
once the curtain of 
the sanctuary was 



31 save yourself!" The 
high priests too made 
sport of him to one 
another with the 
scribes and said, "He 
saved others, but he 
cannot save himself! 

32 Let this Christ, the 
king of Israel, come 
down from the cross 
now, so that we may 
see it and believe!" 
And the men who 
were crucified with 

33 him abused him. At 
noon darkness spread 
over the whole coun- 
try, and lasted until 
three in the afternoon. 

34 And at three o'clock 
Jesus called out loud- 
ly, "Eloi, Eloi, lama 
sabachthani?" which 
means "My God, my 
God, why have you 

35 forsaken me?" Some 
of the bystanders, 
when they heard it, 
said, "See! He is call- 

36 ing for Elijah!" One 
man ran off and soaked 
a sponge in common 
wine, and put it on 
the end of a stick and 
held it up to him to 
drink, saying, "Let us 
see whether Elijah 
does come to take 

37 him down!" But Je- 
sus gave a loud cry, 

ss and expired. And the 
curtain of the sanctu- 
ary was torn in two, 
from top to bottom. 

39 And when the captain 
who stood facing him 
saw how he expired he 
said, "This man was 
certainly a son of 



33 with him. When 
they reached the place 
called the Skull, they 
crucified him there, 
with the criminals one 
at his right and one at 

34 his left. And they di- 
vided up his clothes 
among them by draw- 
ing lots for them, 

35 while the people stood 
looking on. Even the 
leading councilors 
jeered at him, and 
said, "He has saved 
others, let him save 
himself, if he is really 
God's Christ, his Cho- 
se sen One!" The sol- 
diers also made sport 
of him, coming up and 
offering him sour wine, 

37 saying, "If you are the 
king of the Jews, save 

ss yourself!" For there 
was a notice above his 
head, "This is the king 

39 of the Jews!" One of 
the criminals who 
was hanging there 
abused him, saying, 
"Are you not the 
Christ? Save yourself 

40 and us too !" But the 
other reproved him 
and said, "Have you 
no fear even of God 
when you are suffer- 
ing the same penalty? 

41 And we are suffering 
it justly, for we are 
only getting our de- 
serts, but this man 
has done nothing 

42 wrong." And he said, 
"Jesus, remember me 
when you come into 

43 your kingdom!" And 
he said to him, "I tell 



208 



The Student's Gospels 



torn in two from top 
to bottom. The earth 
shook, the rocks split, 

52 the tombs opened, 
and many of the saints 
who had fallen asleep 

53 rose and left their 
tombs and after his 
resurrection went in- 
to the holy city and 
showed themselves to 

54 many people. And 
the captain and the 
men with him who 
were watching Jesus, 
when they saw the 
earthquake and all 
that was happening, 
were dreadfully fright- 
ened and said, "He 
surely must have been 

55 a son of God !" There 
were several women 
there watching from a 
distance who had fol- 
lowed Jesus from Gali- 
lee to wait upon him, 

SB among them Mary of 
Magdala, Mary the 
mother of James and 
Joseph, and the moth- 
er of Zebedee's sons. 



40 God!" There were 
some women also 
watching from a dis- 
tance, among them 
Mary of Magdala, 
Mary the mother of 
the younger James 
and of Joses, and Salo- 

41 me, who used to ac- 
company him and 
wait on him when he 
was in Galilee be- 
sides many other wom- 
en who had come up 
to Jerusalem with 
him. 



you, you will be in 
Paradise with me to- 

44 day!" It was now 
about noon, and dark- 
ness came over the 
whole country, and 
lasted until three in 

45 the afternoon, as the 
sun was in eclipse. 
And the curtain be- 
fore the sanctuary 

46 was torn in two. Then 
Jesus gave a loud cry, 
and said, "Father, I 
intrust my spirit to 
your hands!" With 
these words he ex- 

47 pired. When the cap- 
tain saw what had 
happened he praised 
God, and said, "This 
man was really inno- 

48 cent!" And all the 
crowds that had col- 
lected for the sight, 
when they saw what 
happened, returned to 
the city beating their 

49 breasts. And all his 
acquaintances and the 
women who had come 
with him from Galilee, 
stood at a distance 
looking on. 



104. JESUS IS BURIED AS THE DISCIPLES SCATTER 



MATTHEW 27 : 57-66 

57 In the evening a 
rich man named Jo- 
seph, from Arimathea, 
who had himself been 
a disciple of Jesus, 

58 came. He went to Pi- 
late and asked him for 
Jesus' body. Then 
Pilate ordered it to be 

59 given to him. And 
Joseph took the body 



MARK 15:42-47 

42 Although it was 
now evening, yet since 
it was the Preparation 
Day, that is, the day 
before the Sabbath, 

43 Joseph of Arimathea, 
a highly respected 
member of the council, 
who was himself living 
in expectation of the 
reign of God, made 



LUKE 23:50-56a 
so Now there was a 
man named Joseph, a 
member of the coun- 
cil, a good and upright 
si man, who had not 
voted for the plan or 
action of the council. 
He came from the 
Jewish town of Ari- 
mathea and lived in 
expectation of the 



The Passion Week 



209 



and wrapped it in a 
piece of clean linen, 
eo and laid it in a new 
tomb that belonged to 
him, that he had cut 
in the rock, and he 
rolled a great stone 
over the doorway of 
the tomb, and went 
oi away. And Mary of 
Magdala and the oth- 
er Mary remained 
there, sitting before 
ea the tomb. On the 
next day, that is, the 
day after the Prepara- 
tion Day, the high 
priests and Pharisees 
went in a body to Pi- 
es late and said, "Sir, we 
remember that when 
this impostor was 
alive he said, 'After 
three days I will rise 

64 again !' Give orders, 
therefore, to have the 
tomb closely guarded 
till the third day, so 
that his disciples can- 
not come and steal 
him, and then tell the 
people that he is risen 
from the dead and 
that delusion be worse 
than the other was." 

65 Pilate said to them, 
"Take a guard of sol- 
diers, and go and 
make it as secure as 

66 you can." And they 
went and set the 
guard and put a seal 
on the stone. 



bold to go to Pilate 
and ask for Jesus' 

44 body. Pilate won- 
dered whether he was 
dead already, and he 
sent for the captain 
and asked whether he 

45 was dead yet, and 
when he learned from 
the captain that he 
was, he gave Joseph 
permission to take 

46 the body. And he 
bought a linen sheet 
and took him down 
from the cross and 
wrapped him in the 
sheet, and laid him in 
a tomb that had been 
hewn out of the rock, 
and rolled a stone 
against the doorway 

47 of the tomb. And 
Mary of Magdala and 
Mary, Joses' mother, 
were looking on and 
saw where he was put. 



53 Kingdom of God. He 
went to Pilate and 
asked for Jesus' body. 

53 Then he took it down 
from the cross and 
wrapped it in linen 
and laid it in a tomb 
hewn in the rock, 
where no one had yet 

54 been laid. It was the 
Preparation Day, and 
the Sabbath was just 

55 beginning. The wom- 
en who had followed 
Jesus from Galilee fol- 
lowed and saw the 
tomb and how his 
body was put there. 

s Then they went home, 
and prepared spices 
and perfumes. 



PART VIII 
THE RESURRECTION 

105. THE RESURRECTION MORNING 



MATTHEW 28 : 1-15 

28 After the Sabbath, 
as the first day of the 
week was dawning, 
Mary of Magdala and 
the other Mary went 
to look at the tomb. 

2 And there was a great 
earthquake. For an 
angel of the Lord 
came down from heav- 
en and went and rolled 
the stone back and 

3 sat upon it. His ap- 
pearance was like 
lightning and his 
clothing was as white 

4 as snow. The men on 
guard trembled with 
fear of him, and be- 
came like dead men. 

s And the angel said to 
the women, "You need 
not be afraid. I know 
that you are looking 
for Jesus who was 

o crucified. He is not 
here, he has risen, as 
he said he would do. 
Come and see the 
place where he was 

7 lying. Now go quick- 
ly and tell his dis- 
ciples, 'He has risen 
from the dead, and is 
going back to Galilee 
before you. You will 
see him there.' Now I 
have given you my 

s message." And they 



MARK 16:1-8 

[9-11] 

16 When the Sabbath 
was over, Mary of 
Magdala, Mary, 
James's mother, and 
Salome bought spices, 
in order to go and 

2 anoint him. Then 
very early on the first 
day of the week they 
went to the tomb, 
when the sun had just 

3 risen. And they said 
to one another, "Who 
will roll the stone back 
from the doorway of 
the tomb for us?" 

4 And they looked up 
and saw that the 
stone had been rolled 
back, for it was very 

s large. And when they 
went into the tomb 
they saw a young man 
in a white robe sitting 
at the right, and they 
were utterly amazed. 

e But he said to them, 
"You must not be 
amazed. You are look- 
ing for Jesus of Naza- 
reth who was cruci- 
fied. He has risen, he 
is not here. See ! This 
is where they laid 

7 him. But go and say 
to his disciples and to 
Peter, 'He is going be- 
fore you to Galilee; 

210 



LUKE 23 : 56& 
24:12 

6 On the Sabbath 
they rested in obedi- 
ence to the command- 

24 ment, but on the first 
day of the week, at 
early dawn, they went 
to the tomb, taking 
the spices they had 

2 prepared. But they 
found the stone rolled 
back from the tomb, 

3 and when they went 
inside they could not 

4 find the body. They 
were in great perplex- 
ity over this, when 
suddenly two men in 
dazzling clothingstood 

s beside them. The 
women were fright- 
ened and bowed their 
faces to the ground, 
but the men said to 
them, "Why do you 
look among the dead 
for him who is alive? 

e Remember what he 
told you when he was 

7 still in Galilee, when 
he said that the Son of 
Man must be handed 
over to wicked men 
and be crucified and 
rise again on the 

s third day." Then they 
remembered his 

9 words, and they went 
back from the tomb 



The Resurrection 



hurried away from the 
tomb frightened and 
yet overjoyed and ran 
to tell the news to his 
9 disciples. And Jesus 
himself met them, and 
said, "Good morn- 
ing!" And they went 
up to him and clasped 
his feet, and bowed to 
the ground before him. 

10 Jesus said to them, 
"You need not be 
afraid. Go and tell 
my brothers to go to 
Galilee and they will 

11 see me there." While 
they were on their 
way, some of the 
guard went into the 
city and reported to 
the high priests all 
that had happened. 

12 And they got together 
and consulted with 
the elders, and gave 
the soldiers a large 

13 sum of money, and 
said to them, "Tell 
people that his dis- 
ciples came in the 
night and stole him 
away while you were 

14 asleep. And if news 
of it reaches the gov- 
ernor, we will satisfy 
him, and see that 
you do not get into 

is trouble." So they took 
the money and did as 
they were told. And 
this story has been 
current among the 
Jews ever since. 



you will see him there, 
just as he told you.' " 
s And they fled out of 
the tomb, for they 
were all trembling and 
bewildered, and they 
said nothing about it 
to anyone, for they 
were afraid to do so. 

[But they reported 
briefly to Peter and 
his companions all 
they had been told. 
And afterward Jesus 
himself sent out by 
them from the east 
to the west the sacred 
and incorruptible mes- 
sage of eternal salva- 
9 tion. Now after he 
had risen, early on 
the first day of the 
week, he appeared 
first to Mary of Mag- 
dala, from whom he 
had driven out seven 

10 evil spirits. She went 
and told it to his old 
companions, while 
they were mourning 

n and weeping. When 
they heard that he 
was alive and that she 
had seen him, they 
would not believe it.] 



and told all this to the 
eleven and all the rest. 

10 They were Mary of 
Magdala and Joanna 
and Mary, James's 
mother; and the other 
women also told this 

11 to the apostles. But 
the story seemed to 
them to be nonsense 
and they would not 
believe them. 



212 



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106. JESTJS APPEARS TO HIS DISCIPLES AT EMMATJS 



[MARK 16:12-13] 

12 [Afterward lie 
showed himself in a 
different form to 
two of them as they 
were walking along, 
on their way into the 

is country. They went 
back and told the rest, 
but they would not 
believe them.] 



LTTKE 24: 13-35 



13 



That same day two 
of them were going to 
a village called Em- 
maus, about seven 
miles from Jerusalem, 

14 and they were talking 
together about all 
these things that had 

is happened. And as 
they were talking and 
discussing them, Jesus 
himself came up and 

IB went with them, but 
they were prevented 
from recognizing him. 

17 And he said to them, 
"What is all this that 
you are discussing 
with each other on 
your way?" They 

is stopped sadly, and 
one of them named 
Cleopas said to him, 
"Are you the only 
visitor to Jerusalem 
who does not know 
what has happened 

19 there lately?" And he 
said, "What is it?" 
They said to him, 
"About Jesus of Naz- 
areth, who in the eyes 
of God and of all the 
people was a prophet 
mighty in deed and 

20 word, and how the 
high priests and our 
leading men gave him 
up to be sentenced to 
death, and had him 

21 crucified. But we were 
hoping that he was to 
be the deliverer of 
Israel. Why, besides 
all this, it is three days 
since it happened. 



The Resurrection 



213 



22 But some women of 
our number have 
astounded us. They 
went to the tomb 
early this morning 

23 and could not find his 
body, but came back 
and said that they 
had actually seen a 
vision of angels who 
said that he was alive. 

24 Then some of our 
party went to the 
tomb and found things 
just as the women 
had said, but they did 

2s not see him." Then 
he said to them, "How 
foolish you are and 
how slow to believe all 
that the prophets have 

26 said ! Did not the 
Christ have to suf- 
fer thus before en- 
tering upon his 

27 glory?" And he be- 
gan with Moses and 
all the prophets and 
explained to them the 
passages all through 
the Scriptures that 
referred to himself. 

28 When they reached 
the village to which 
they were going, he 
acted as though he 

29 were going on, but 
they urged him not to, 
and said, "Stay with 
us, for it is getting 
toward evening, and 
the day is nearly 
over." So he went in 
to stay with them. 

so And when he took his 
place with them at 
table, he took the 
bread and blessed it 
and broke it in pieces 



214 



The Student's Gospels 



and handed it to them. 

si Then their eyes were 

opened and they knew 

him, and he vanished 

32 from them. And they 
said to each other, 
"Did not our hearts 
glow when he was 
talking to us on the 
road, and was explain- 
ing the Scriptures to 

33 us?" And they got up 
immediately and went 
back to Jerusalem and 
found the eleven and 
their party all togeth- 

34 er, and learned from 
them that the Master 
had really risen and 
had been seen by Si- 

35 mon. And they told 
what had happened 
on the road, and how 
they had known him 
when he broke the 
bread in pieces. 



107. JESUS APPEARS TO THE TEW DISCIPLES 
IN JERUSALEM 



[MARK 16: 14] 
14 [Still later he ap- 
peared to the Eleven 
themselves when they 
were at table, and re- 
proached them for 
their obstinacy and 
want of faith, because 
they had not believed 
those who had seen 
him after he had been 
raised from the dead.] 



LUKE 24: 36-43 

se While they were 
still talking of these 
things, he himself 
stood among them. 

37 They were startled 
and panic stricken, 
and thought they saw 

ss a ghost. But he said 
to them, "Why are 
you so disturbed, and 
why do doubts arise in 

39 your minds? Look at 
my hands and feet, for 
it is I myself ! Feel of 
me and see, for a ghost 
has not flesh and 
bones, as you see I 

41 have." But they 



The Resurrection 



215 



could not yet believe 
it for sheer joy and 
they were amazed. 
And he said to them, 
"Have you anything 

42 here to eat?" And 
they gave him a piece 

43 of broiled fish, and he 
took it and ate it be- 
fore their eyes. 



108. JESUS APPEARS TO THE ELEVEN DISCIPLES ON A 
MOUNTAIN IN GALILEE 



MATTHEW 28 : 16-20 

16 And the eleven dis- 
ciples went to Galilee 
to the mountain to 
which Jesus had di- 

17 rected them. There 
they saw him and 
bowed down before 
him, though some 
were in doubt about 

is it. And Jesus came up 
to them and said, 
"Full authority in 
heaven and on the 
earth has been given 

19 to me. Therefore go 
and make disciples of 
all the heathen, bap- 
tize them in the name 
of the Father, the 
Son, and the holy 

20 Spirit, and teach them 
to observe all the com- 
mands that I have 
given you. I will al- 
ways be with you, to 
the very close of the 
age." 



[MASK 16:15-18] 
is [And he said to 
them, "Go to the 
whole world and pro- 
claim the good news 

16 to all the creation. He 
who believes it and is 
baptized will be saved, 
but he who does not 
believe it will be con- 

17 demned. And signs 
like these will attend 
those who believe : 
with my name they 
will drive out demons; 
they will speak in for- 

is eign tongues; they will 
take snakes in their 
hands, and if they 
drink poison it will 
not hurt them; they 
will lay their hands 
on the sick, and they 
will get well."] 



216 



The Student's Gospels 



109. JESUS ASCENDS TO HEAVEN 



[MAEK 16:19-20] 

19 [So the Lord Jesus, 
after he had spoken to 
them, was caught up 
into heaven and took 
his seat at God's right 

20 hand. And they went 
out and preached ev- 
erywhere, while the 
Lord worked with 
them and confirmed 
their message by the 
signs that attended 
it.] 



LUKE 21:44-53 

44 Then he said to 
them, "This is what I 
told you when I was 
still with you that 
everything that ' is 
written about me in 
the Law of Moses and 
the Prophets and 
the Psalms must come 

45 true." Then he op- 
ened their minds to 
the understanding of 

46 the Scriptures, and 
said to them, "The 
Scriptures said that 
the Christ should suf- 
fer as he has done, 
and rise from the 
dead on the third day, 

47 and that repentance 
leading to the forgive- 
ness of sins should be 
preached to all the 
heathen in his name. 

is You are to be wit- 
nesses to all this, be- 
ginning at Jerusalem. 

49 And I will send down 
upon you what my 
Father has promised. 
Wait here in the city 
until you are clothed 
with power from on 

so high." And he led 
them out as far as 
Bethany. Then he 
lifted up his hands 
and blessed them. 

si And as he was blessing 
them, he parted from 

52 them. And they went 
back with great joy to 

53 Jerusalem, and were 
constantly in the 
Temple, blessing God. 



BOOK II 

THE CHRIST INTERPRETED BY CHRISTIAN 

EXPERIENCE 

110. THE NEW INTERPRETATION OF THE CHRIST 

JOHN 1 : 1-18 

1 In the beginning the Word existed. The Word was with God, and the 

3 Word was divine. It was he that was with God in the beginning. Every- 
thing came into existence through him, and apart from him nothing came 

4 to be. It was by him that life came into existence, and that life was the light 
s of mankind. The light is still shining in the darkness, for the darkness has 
e never put it out. There appeared a man by the name of John, with a mes- 
7 sage from God. He came to give testimony, to testify to the light, so that 
s everyone might come to believe in it through him. He was not the light; 
9 he came to testify to the light. The real light, which sheds light upon every- 

10 one, was just coming into the world. He came into the world, and though 

the world came into existence through him, the world did not recognize 

J2 him. He came to his home, and his own family did not welcome him. But 

to all who did receive him and believe in him he gave the right to become 

is children of God, owing their birth not to nature nor to any human or 

14 physical impulse, but to God. So the Word became flesh and blood and 

lived for a while among us, abounding in blessing and truth, and we saw the 

honor God had given him, such honor as an only son receives from his father. 

is (John testified to him and cried out for it was he who said it "He who 

IB was to come after me is now ahead of me, for he existed before me !") For 

from his abundance we have all had a share, and received blessing after 

17 blessing. For while the Law was given through Moses, blessing and truth 

is came to us through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God; it is the divine 

Only Son, who leans upon his Father's breast, that has made him known. 

111. THE SUPERIORITY OF JESUS TO JOHN THE BAPTIST 

JOHN 1 : 19-28 

19 Now this is the testimony that John gave when the Jews sent priests 

20 and Levites to him from Jerusalem to ask him who he was. He admitted 
he made no attempt to deny it he admitted that he was not the Christ. 

21 Then they asked him, "What are you then? Are you Elijah?" He said, 

22 "No, I am not." "Are you the Prophet?" He answered, "No." Then they 
said to him, "Who are you? We must have some answer to give those who 

217 



218 The Student's Gospels 

23 sent us here. What have you to say for yourself?" He said, "I am a voice of 
one shouting in the desert, 'Straighten the Lord's way!' as the prophet 

|g Isaiah said." Now the messengers were Pharisees. And they asked him, 
"Then why are you baptizing people, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, 

26 nor the Prophet?" "I am only baptizing in water," John answered, "but 

27 someone is standing among you of whom you do not know. He is to come 

28 after me, and I am not worthy to undo his shoe!" This took place at 
Bethany, on the farther side of the Jordan, where John was baptizing. 

112. THE SACRIFICIAL MEANING OF JESUS' LIFE 
JOHN 1:29-34 

29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and he said, "There is 
so God's lamb, who is to remove the world's sin ! This is the man of whom I 

spoke when I said, 'After me there is coming a man who is even now ahead 

31 of me, for he existed before me.' I did not know him, but it is in order that 
he may be made known to Israel that I have come and baptized people 

32 in water." And John gave this testimony: "I saw the Spirit come down 

33 from heaven like a dove, and it remained upon him. I did not know him, 
but he who sent me to baptize in water said to me, 'The one on whom you 
see the Spirit come down and remain, is the one who is to baptize in the 

34 holy Spirit.' And I did see it, and I testify that he is the Son of God." 

113. THE BEGINNINGS OF FAITH 
JOHN 1:35-51 

36 Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples, and 

37 looking at Jesus as he passed, he said, "There is God's lamb !" The two dis- 
ss ciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. But Jesus turned, and 

seeing them following him he said, "What do you want?" They said to 

39 him, "Rabbi" that is to say, Master "where are you staying?" He said 
to them, "Come and you will see." So they went and saw where he was 
staying, and they spent the rest of the day with him. It was about four in 

40 the afternoon. Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, was one of the two who 

41 heard what John said and followed Jesus. Andrew immediately sought out 
his own brother Simon and said to him, "We have found the Messiah!" 

42 that is to say, the Christ. He took him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and 
said, "You are Simon, son of John. You shall be called Cephas" that is, 

43 Peter, which means rock. The next day Jesus determined to leave for Gali- 

44 lee. And he sought out Philip and said to him, "Come with me." Now 

45 Philip came from Bethsaida, the town of Andrew and Peter. Philip sought 
out Nathanael, and said to him, "We have found the one about whom 
Moses wrote in the Law and about whom the prophets wrote; it is Jesus, 

46 the son of Joseph, who comes from Nazareth!" Nathanael said to him, 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 219 

"Can anything good come from Nazareth?" Philip said to him, "Come and 
47 see!" Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him, and he said of him, "Here 
is is really an Israelite without any deceit in him!" Nathanael said to him, 

"How do you know me?" Jesus answered, "While you were still under that 
49 fig tree, before Philip called you I saw you." Nathanael answered, "Mas- 
so ter, you are the Son of God ! You are king of Israel !" Jesus answered, "Do 

you believe in me because I told you that I had seen you under that fig tree? 
si You will see greater things than that!" And he said to him, "I tell you all, 

you will see heaven opened and God's angels going up, and coming down 

to the Son of Man!" 

114. THE MESSIANIC GLORY IN SERVICE 
JOHN 2: 1-12 

2 Two days later there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and Jesus' 

2 mother was present. Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the wed- 

3 ing. The wine gave out, and Jesus' mother said to him, "They have no 

4 more wine!" Jesus said to her, "Do not try to direct me. It is not yet time 

5 for me to act." His mother said to the servants, "Do whatever he tells 
e you." Now there were six stone water jars standing there, for the cere- 
monial purification practiced by the Jews, each large enough to hold twenty 

7 or thirty gallons. Jesus said to them, "Fill these jars with water." So they 

s filled them full. And he said to them, "Now draw some out and take it to 

9 the master of the feast." And they did so. When the master of the feast 

tasted the water which had now turned into wine, without knowing where 

it had come from though the servants who had drawn the water knew 

10 he called the bridegroom and said to him, "Everyone else serves his good 
wine first, and his poorer wine after people have drunk deeply, but you 

11 have kept back your good wine till now!" This, the first of the signs of his 
mission, Jesus showed at Cana in Galilee. By it he showed his greatness, 

12 and his disciples believed in him. After this Jesus went down to Caperna- 
um with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples, and they stayed there 
for a few days. 

115. THE AUTHORITY OF THE CHRIST 
JOHN 2 :13-22 

13 Now the Jewish Passover was approaching, and Jesus went up to 

14 Jerusalem. In the Temple he found the dealers in cattle, sheep, and pi- 
is geons, and the money-changers sitting at their tables. And he made a lash 

out of rope, and drove them all, sheep and cattle, out of the Temple, and 

scattered the money-changers' coins on the ground, and overturned their 

IB tables. And he said to the pigeon-dealers, "Take these things away! Do 

17 not turn my Father's house into a market !" His disciples remembered that 

is the Scriptures said, "My zeal for your house will consume me!" Then the 



220 The Student's Gospels 

Jews addressed him and said, "What sign have you to show us, for acting in 

19 this way?" Jesus answered, "Destroy this sanctuary, and I will raise it in 

20 three days!" The Jews said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this 

21 sanctuary, and are you going to raise it in three days?" But he was speak- 

22 ing of his body as the sanctuary. So afterward when he had risen from the 
dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the 
passage of Scripture and what Jesus had said. 

116. THE SPIRITUAL MEANING OF THE MESSIAH'S WORK 

JOHN 2: 23 3:21 

23 Now when he was at Jerusalem, at the Passover Festival, many, when 

24 they saw the signs that he showed, came to believe in him. But Jesus on his 

25 part would not trust himself to them, for he knew them all, and had no need 
of anybody's evidence about men, for he knew well what was in their 

3 hearts. Among the Pharisees there was a man named Nicodemus, a leader 
2 among the Jews. This man went to Jesus one night, and said to him, "Mas- 
ter, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God, for no one can 
s show the signs that you do, unless God is with him." Jesus answered him, 
"I tell you, no one can see the Kingdom of God unless he is born over again 
4 from above !" Nicodemus said to him, "How can a man be born when he is 
E old? Can he enter his mother's womb over again and be born?" Jesus an- 
swered, "I tell you, if a man does not owe his birth to water and spirit, he 
e cannot get into the Kingdom of God. Whatever owes its birth to the physi- 
7 cal is physical, and whatever owes its birth to the Spirit is spiritual. Do 
not wonder at my telling you that you must be born over again from above. 
s The wind blows wherever it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you 
do not know where it comes from or where it goes. That is the way with 
9 everyone who owes his birth to the Spirit." Nicodemus said to him, "How 

10 can that be?" Jesus answered, "Are you the teacher of Israel and yet igno- 

11 rant of this? I tell you, we know what we are talking about and we have 

12 seen the things we testify to, yet you all reject our testimony. If you will 
not believe the earthly things that I have told you, how can you believe the 

is heavenly things I have to tell? Yet no one has gone up into heaven except 
14 the Son of Man who came down from heaven. And just as Moses in the 

desert lifted the serpent up in the air, the Son of Man must be lifted 
J up, so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life." For God 

loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, so that no one who be- 
17 lieves in him should be lost, but that they should all have eternal life. For 

God did not send his Son into the world to pass judgment upon the world, 
is but that through him the world might be saved. No one who believes in" 

hun has to come up for judgment. Anyone who does not believe stands 
19 condemned already, for not believing in God's only Son. And the basis of 

the judgment is this, that the light has come into the world, and yet, be- 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 221 

cause their actions were wicked, men have loved the darkness more than 

20 the light. For everyone who does wrong hates the light and will not come 

21 to it, for fear his actions will be exposed. But everyone who is living the 
truth will come to the light, to show that his actions have been performed 
in dependence upon God. 

117. THE SUPREMACY OF THE CHRIST 
JOHN 3:22-36 

22 After this Jesus went into the country of Judea with his disciples, and 

23 stayed there with them and baptized. John too was baptizing at Aenon, 
near Salim, for there was plenty of water there, and people came there and 

25 were baptized. For John had not yet been put in prison. So a discussion 
arose between John's disciples and a man from Judea, about purification. 

26 And they went to John and said to him, "Master, the man who was with 
you across the Jordan, and to whom you yourself gave testimony, is bap- 

27 tizing, and everybody is going to him." John answered, "A man cannot 
as get anything unless it is given to him from heaven. You will bear me wit- 
ness that I said, 'I am not the Christ; I have been sent in advance of him.' 

29 It is the bridegroom who has the bride; but the bridegroom's friend who 

stands outside and listens for his voice is very glad when he hears the 

so bridegroom speak. So this happiness of mine is now complete. He must 

si grow greater and greater, but I less and less." He who comes from above 

is above all others. A son of earth belongs to earth and speaks of earth. 

32 He who comes from heaven is above all others. It is to what he has seen 
and heard that he gives testimony, and yet no one accepts his testimony. 

33 Whoever does accept it has thereby acknowledged that God is true. For he 

34 

whom God has sent speaks God's words, for God gives him his Spirit with- 
35 out measure. The Father loves his Son, and has put everything in his 
se hands. Whoever believes in the Son possesses eternal life, but whoever dis- 
obeys the Son will not experience life, but will remain under the anger of 

God. 

118. THE WITHDRAWAL TO GALILEE 

JOHN 4: 1-3 

4 So when the Lord learned that the Pharisees had been told that he was 
2 gaining and baptizing more disciples than John though it was not Jesus 
s himself who baptized them, but his disciples he left Judea and went back 
again to Galilee. 

119. THE MESSIAH AS A REVEALER OF SIN 
JOHN 4: 4-42 

* Now he had to pass through Samaria. So he came to a town in Samaria 

e called Sychar, near the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph, and Jacob's 

spring was there. So Jesus, tired with his journey, sat down just as he 



222 The Student's Gospels 

7 was by the spring. It was about noon. A woman of Samaria came to 

s draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink." For his disciples had 

9 gone into the town to buy some food. So the Samaritan woman said to him, 

"How is it that a Jew like you asks a Samaritan woman like me for a 

10 drink?" For Jews have nothing to do with Samaritans. Jesus answered, 
"If you knew what God has to give, and who it is that said to you, 'Give 
me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living 

11 water." She said to him, "You have nothing to draw water with, sir, and 

12 the well is deep. Where can you get your living water? Are you a greater 
man than our forefather Jacob, who gave us this well, and drank from it 

is himself, with his sons and his flocks?" Jesus answered, "Anyone who 

14 drinks this water will be thirsty again, but anyone who drinks the water 

that I will give him will never be thirsty, but the water that I will give him 

will become a spring of water within him, bubbling up for eternal life." 

is The woman said to him, "Give me this water, sir, so that I may never be 

16 thirsty, nor have to come all this way to draw water." He said to her, "Go 

17 and call your husband and come back here." The woman answered, "I 
have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You are right when you say 

is you have no husband, for you have had five husbands and the man you 

19 are now living with is not your husband. What you say is true." The wom- 

20 an said to him, "I see that you are a prophet, sir. Our forefathers wor- 
shiped God on this mountain, and yet you Jews say that the place where 

21 people must worship God is at Jerusalem." Jesus said to her, "Believe me, 
the time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this moun- 

22 tain nor at Jerusalem. You worship something you know nothing about; 

23 we know what we worship, for salvation comes from the Jews. But a time 
is coming it is already here ! when the true worshipers will worship the 

24 Father in spirit and sincerity, for the Father wants such worshipers. God 
is spirit, and his worshipers must worship him in spirit and in sincerity." 

25 The woman said to him, "I know that the Messiah is coming he who is 

26 called the Christ. When he comes, he will tell us everything!" Jesus said 

27 to her, "I who am talking to you am he !" Just then his disciples came back, 
and they were surprised to find him talking with a woman, yet no one of 

28 them asked him what he wanted or why he was talking with her. So the 
woman left her pitcher and went back to the town, and said to the people, 

29 "Come, here is a man who has told me everything I ever did ! Do you sup- 
H pose he is the Christ?" The people went out of the town to see him. Mean- 

32 while the disciples urged him, saying, "Master, eat something." But he 

33 said to them, "I have food to eat of which you do not know." So the dis- 
ciples said to one another, "Do you suppose that someone has brought 

34 him something to eat?" Jesus said to them, "My food is doing the will of 

35 him who sent me, and finishing his work. Are you not saying, 'Four months 
more and the harvest will come'? Look, I tell you! Raise your eyes and 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 223 

se see the fields, for they are white for harvesting. The reaper is already being 

paid and gathering the harvest for eternal lif e, so that the sower may be 

37 glad with the reaper. For here the saying holds good, 'One sows, another 

ss reaps.' I have sent you to reap a harvest on which you have not worked. 

39 Other men have worked and you have profited by their work." Many of 
the Samaritans in that town came to believe in him because of the testi- 
mony the woman gave when she said, "He has told me everything I ever 

40 did!" So when the Samaritans came to Jesus, they asked him to stay 

41 with them, and he did stay there two days. And a great many more be- 

42 lieved because of what he said, and they said to the woman. "It is no 
longer because of your statement that we believe, for we have heard him 
ourselves, and we know that he is really the Savior of the world." 

119a. JESUS HEALS THE SON OF A CENTURION 
JOHN 4: 43-54 

44 When the two days were over, Jesus went on to Galilee, for he himself 

45 declared that a prophet is not honored in his own country. So when he 
reached Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, for they had seen everything 
he had done at Jerusalem, at the festival, for they too had gone to the fes- 

46 tival. So he came back to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water in- 
to wine. There was at Capernaum one of the king's officials whose son was 

47 sick. When he heard that Jesus had come back from Judea to Galilee, he 
went to him and begged him to come down and cure his son, for he was at 

48 the point of death. Jesus said to him, "Unless you see signs and marvels 

49 you will never believe!" The official said to him, "Come down, sir, before 
so my child is dead !" Jesus said to him, "You can go home. Your son is going 
si to live." The man believed what Jesus said to him and went home. While 

he was on the way, his slaves met him and told him that his boy was going 

52 to live. So he asked them at what time he had begun to get better, and 

53 they said to him, "Yesterday at one o'clock the fever left him." So the 
father knew that it was the very tune when Jesus had said to him "Your 
son is going to live." And he and his whole household believed in Jesus. 

54 This second sign Jesus showed after coming back from Judea to Galilee. 

120. THE MESSIAH AS A REVEALER OF GOD 
JOHN, CHAPTER 5 

5 After this there was a festival of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusa- 

2 lem. Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep-gate a pool called in He- 

3 brew Bethzatha, which has five colonnades. In these there used to lie a 
s great number of people who were sick, blind, lame, or paralyzed. There was 
6 one man there who had been sick for thirty-eight years. Jesus saw him ly- 
ing there, and finding that he had been in this condition for a long time, he 



224 The Student's Gospels 

7 said to him, "Do you want to get well?" The sick man answered, "I have 

nobody, sir, to put me into the pool when the water stirs, but while I am 

s getting down someone else steps in ahead of me." Jesus said to him, "Get 

9 up, pick up your mat, and walk!" And the man was immediately cured, 

10 and he picked up his mat and walked. Now it was the Sabbath. So the 
Jews said to the man who had been cured, "It is the Sabbath, and it is 

11 against the Law for you to carry your mat." But he answered, "The man 

12 who cured me said to me, 'Pick up your mat and walk.' " They asked him, 
is "Who was it that said to you, 'Pick it up and walk'?" But the man who 

had been cured did not know who it was, for as there was a crowd there, 
14 Jesus had left the place. Afterward Jesus found him in the Temple, and 

said to him, "See! You are well again. Give up sin, or something worse 
is may happen to you." The man went and told the Jews that it was Jesus 
is who had cured him. This was why the Jews used to persecute Jesus, be- 
17 cause he did things like this on the Sabbath. But he answered them, "My 
is Father is still at work, and I work too." On account of this the Jews were 

all the more eager to kill him, because he not only broke the Sabbath but 

actually called God his Father, thus putting himself on an equality with 

19 God. So Jesus answered them, "I tell you, the Son cannot do anything of 
his own accord, unless he sees the Father doing it. For whatever the Father 

20 does, the Son also does. For the Father loves the Son and lets him see 
everything that he himself is doing, and he will let him see greater deeds 

21 than these, to make you wonder. For just as the Father awakens the dead 
and makes them come to life, the Son makes anyone whom he chooses come 

22 to life. For the Father passes judgment on no one, but he has committed 

23 the judgment entirely to the Son, so that all men may honor the Son just 
as much as they honor the Father. Whoever refuses to honor the Son re- 

24 fuses to honor the Father who sent him. I tell you, whoever listens to my 
message and believes him who has sent me, possesses eternal life, and will 

as not come to judgment, but has already passed out of death into life. I tell 
you, the time is coming it is here already ! when those who are dead will 

26 listen to the voice of the Son of God, and those who listen to it will live. For 
just as the Father is self-existent, he has given self-existence to the Son, 

27 and he has given him the authority to act as judge, because he is a son of 

28 man. Do not be surprised at this, for the time is coming when all who are 

29 in their graves will listen to his voice, and those who have done right will 
come out to resurrection and life, and those who have done wrong, to resur- 

so rection and judgment. I cannot do anything of my own accord. I pass 

judgment just as I am told to do, and my judgment is just, for I am not 

si seeking to do what I please, but what pleases him who has sent me. If I 

32 testify to myself, my testimony is not true. It is someone else who testifies 

33 to me, and I know that the testimony that he gives about me is true. You 

34 yourselves sent to John, and he testified to the truth. But the testimony 



The Christ Interpreted^ by Christian Experience 225 

that I accept is not from any man; I am only saying this that you may be 

35 saved. He was the lamp that burned and shone, and you were ready to be 

se gladdened for a while by his light. But I have higher testimony than 

John's, for the things that my Father has intrusted to me to accomplish, 

the very things that I am doing, are proof that my Father has sent me, 

37 and my Father who has sent me has thus borne witness to me. You have 

ss never heard his voice or seen his form, and you do not keep his message in 

39 your hearts, for you do not believe the messenger whom he has sent. You 
pore over the Scriptures, for you think that you will find eternal life in 

40 them, and these very Scriptures testify to me, yet you refuse to come to 
*2 me for life. I do not accept any honor from men, but I know well that you 

43 have not the love of God in your hearts. I have come in my Father's name, 
and you refuse to accept me. If someone else comes in his own name you 

44 will accept him. Yet how can you believe in me, when you accept honor 
from one another, instead of seeking the honor that comes from the one 

is God? Do not suppose that I will accuse you to the Father. Moses is your 
4o accuser Moses, on whom you have fixed your hopes! For if you really 

believed Moses, you would believe me, for it was about me that he wrote. 
47 But if you refuse to believe what he wrote, how are you ever to believe 

what I say?" 

121. THE BREAD OF EARTH 
JOHN 6:1-21 

6 After this Jesus went to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, or Tiberias, 

2 and a great crowd followed him, because they could see the signs he 

3 showed in what he did for the sick.. But Jesus went up on the hill, and sat 

4 down there with his disciples. Now the Jewish festival of the Passover was 

5 coming. So Jesus, raising his eyes and seeing that a great crowd was com- 
ing up to him, said to Philip, "Where can we buy food for these people to 

e eat?" Now he said this to test him, for he knew what he meant to do. 
7 Philip answered, "Forty dollars' worth of bread would not be enough for 
s each of them to have even a little." Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, an- 
9 other of his disciples, said to him, "There is a boy here who has five barley 

10 loaves and a couple of fish, but what is that among so many people?" Jesus 
said, "Make the people sit down." There was plenty of grass there, so the 

11 men threw themselves down, about five thousand of them. Then Jesus 
took the loaves, and gave thanks, and distributed them among the people 
who were resting on the ground, and in the same way as much of the fish 

12 as they wanted. When they were satisfied, he said to his disciples, "Pick up 
is the pieces that are left, so that nothing may be wasted." So they picked 

them up, and they filled twelve baskets with pieces of the five barley loaves 

14 that were left after the people had eaten. When the people saw the signs 

that he showed, they said, "This is really the Prophet who was to come into 



is 

19 



226 The Student's Gospels 

is the world!" So Jesus, seeing that they meant to come and carry him off 
is to make him king, retired again to the hill by himself. But in the evening 
17 his disciples went down to the sea and got into a boat and started across the 
sea for Capernaum. By this time it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined 
them; a strong wind was blowing and the sea was growing rough. When 

19 they had rowed three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and 

20 approaching the boat, and they were terrified. But he said to them, "It is 

21 I; do not be afraid!" Then as soon as they consented to take him into the 
boat, the boat was at the shore they had been trying to reach. 

122. THE BREAD OF HEAVEN 
JOHN 6:22-71 

22 Next day the people who had stayed on the other side of the sea saw 
that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not embarked 
in it with his disciples, but that the disciples had gone away by themselves. 

23 But some boats from Tiberias landed near the place where they had eaten 

24 the bread after Jesus had given thanks for it. So when the people saw that 
neither Jesus nor his disciples were any longer there, they got into the 

25 boats and went to Capernaum in search of him. And when they had crossed 
the sea and found him, they said to him, "When did you get here, Master?" 

26 Jesus answered, "I tell you, it is not because of the signs you have seen that 
you have come in search of me, but because you ate that bread and had all 

27 you wanted of it. You must not work for the food that perishes, but for 
that which lasts for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you, for God 

28 the Father has authorized him to do so." Then they said to him, "What 

29 must we do to carry out God's work?" Jesus answered them, "The work 
God has for you is to believe in the messenger that he has sent to you." 

so Then they said to him, "Then what sign do you show for us to see and so 

31 come to believe you? What work are you doing? Our forefathers in the 
desert had manna to eat; as the Scripture says, 'He gave them bread out of 

32 heaven to eat!' " Jesus said to them, "I tell you, Moses did not give you 
the bread out of heaven, but my Father gives you the bread out of heaven, 

33 for it is God's bread that comes down out of heaven and gives life to the 
35 world." Then they said to him, "Give us that bread always, sir!" Jesus 

said to them, "I am the bread that gives life. No one who comes to me will 
so ever be hungry, and no one who believes in me will ever be thirsty. But as I 
37 have told you, although you have seen me, you will not believe. All that my 

Father gives to me will come to me, and I will never refuse anyone who 
ss comes to me, for I have come down from heaven not to do what I please 

39 but what pleases him who has sent me. And the purpose of him who has 
sent me is this, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but 

40 should raise them to life on the Last Day. For it is the purpose of my Fa- 
ther that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him shall have eternal 



The Christ Interpreted By Christian Experience 227 

41 life, and that I shall raise him to life on the Last Day." The Jews com- 
plained of him for saying, "I am the bread that has come down out of 

42 heaven," and they said, "Is he not Joseph's son, Jesus, whose father and 
mother we know? How can he now say, 'I have come down out of heav- 

44 en'?" Jesus answered, "Do not complain to one another. No one can come 
to me unless the Father who sent me draws him to me; then I myself will 

45 raise him to life on the Last Day. In the prophets it is written, 'And all men 
will be taught by God!' Everyone who listens to the Father and learns 

46 from him will come to me. Not that anyone has ever seen the Father, ex- 

47 cept him who is from God; he has seen the Father. I tell you, whoever be- 
4 lieves already possesses eternal life. I am the bread that gives life. Your 
so forefathers in the desert ate the manna and yet they died. But here is 

bread that comes down out of heaven, and no one who eats it will ever die. 

si I am this living bread that has come down out of heaven. Whoever eats 

this bread will live forever, and the bread that I will give for the world's 

52 life is my own flesh !" This led the Jews to dispute with one another. They 

53 said, "How can he give us his flesh to eat?" Then Jesus said to them, "I 
tell you, if you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, 

54 you have no self-existent life. Whoever lives on my flesh and drinks my 

55 blood possesses eternal life, and I will raise him to life on the Last Day. For 
se my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever lives on my flesh 
57 and drinks my blood remains united to me and I remain united to him. Just 

as the living Father has sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who 
SB lives on me will live because of me. This is the bread that has come down 

out of heaven not like that which your forefathers ate and yet died. 
59 Whoever lives on this bread will live forever." Jesus said all this while he 
eo was teaching in the synagogue at Capernaum. Many of his disciples on 

61 hearing it said, "This is a harsh teaching! Who can listen to it?" But Je- 
sus, knowing that his disciples were complaining about this, said to them, 

62 "Does this stagger you? Then what if you see the Son of Man go up where 

63 he was before? The Spirit is what gives life; flesh is of no use at all. The 

64 things that I have said to you are spirit and they are life. Yet there are 
some of you who will not believe." For Jesus knew from the first who 

65 would not believe, and who was going to betray him. And he added, "This 
is why I say to you, 'No one can come to me unless he is enabled to do so 

ee by the Father.' " In consequence of this many of his disciples drew back 

67 and would not go about with him any longer. So Jesus said to the Twelve, 

68 "Do you mean to go away too?" Simon Peter answered, "To whom can we 

69 go, sir? You have a message of eternal life, and we believe and are satisfied 

70 that you are the Holy One of God." Jesus answered them, "Did I not my- 

71 self select all twelve of you? And even of you, one is an informer." He 
meant Judas the son of Simon Iscariot.'^for he, though he was one of the 
Twelve, was going to betray him. 



228 The Student's Gospels 

123. CHRIST AND THE WAY OF LIFE 
JOHN 7:1-52 

7 After this Jesus went from place to place in Galilee, for he would not do 

2 so in Judea, because the Jews were making efforts to kill him. But the Jew- 

3 ish camping festival was coming. So his brothers said to him, "You ought 
to leave here and go to Judea, to let your disciples also see the things you 

4 are doing. For no one acts in secret when he desires to be publicly known. 
s If you are going to do these things, let the world see you." For even his 

6 brothers did not believe in him. Then Jesus said to them, "It is not yet 

7 time for me to act, but any time is suitable for you. It is impossible for the 
world to hate you, but it does hate me for testifying that its ways are 

s wrong. As for you, go up to the festival; I am not going up to this festival 
9 as yet, for it is not quite time for me to go." That was what he told them, 

10 and he stayed on in Galilee. But after his brothers had gone up to the festi- 
val, then Jesus went up also, not publicly, but as though he did not wish to 

11 be observed. Now the Jews were looking for him at the festival and asking 

12 where he was, and there was a great deal of muttering about him among the 
crowds, some saying that he was a good man, and others that he was not, 

is but was imposing on the people. But no one spoke of him in public, for fear 

14 of the Jews. But when the festival was half over, Jesus went up to the 

is Temple and began to teach. This astonished the Jews. "How is it that this 

iG man can read," they said, "when he has never gone to school?" So Jesus 

answered, "My teaching is not my own; it comes from him who has sent 

17 me. Anyone who resolves to do his will will know whether my teaching 

is comes from God, or originates with me. Whoever speaks simply for himself 

is looking for honor for himself, but whoever looks for honor for the person 

who has sent him shows his sincerity; there is no dishonesty about him. 

19 Was it not Moses who gave you the Law? Yet not one of you obeys the 

20 Law. Why are you trying to kill me?" The crowd answered, "You must be 

21 possessed! Who is trying to kill you?" Jesus answered, "I have done just 

22 one deed, and you are all astonished at it. Yet Moses gave you the rite of 
circumcision not that it began with Moses but with your forefathers 

23 and you practice it even on the Sabbath. But if a person undergoes circum- 
cision on a Sabbath, to avoid breaking the Law of Moses, are you angry at 

24 me for making a man perfectly well on a Sabbath? You must not judge 

25 so externally; you must judge justly!" Some of the people of Jerusalem 

26 said, "Is not this the man they want to kill? And here he is speaking pub- 
licly, and they say nothing to him ! Can the authorities really have found 

27 that he is the Christ? But then, we know where this man comes from, but 

28 when the Christ comes, no one will know where he is from." So Jesus, as he 
was teaching in the Temple, cried out, "You do know me and you do know 
where I come from, and I have not come of my own accord but someone 

29 who is very real, whom you do not know, has sent me. I do know him, be- 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 229 

so cause I come from him, and he has sent me here." Then they tried to arrest 

31 him,' and yet no one laid hands on him, because he was not yet ready. But 
many of the people believed in him, and said, "Will the Christ show more 

32 signs when he comes than this man has shown?" The Pharisees heard the 
people saying these things about him in whispers, and the high priests and 

33 the Pharisees sent attendants to arrest him. Jesus said, "I am to be with 

34 you a little while longer, and then I am going to him who has sent me. You 
will look for me and you will not find me, and you will not be able to go 

35 where I shall be." Then the Jews said to one another, "Where is he going, 
that we shall not find him? Is he going to our people scattered among the 

36 Greeks, and will he teach the Greeks? What does he mean by saying 'You 
will look for me and you will not find me, and you will not be able to go 

37 where I shall be'?" Now on the last day, the great day of the festival, Jesus 
stood up and cried out, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 

ss If anyone believes in me, streams of living water, as the Scriptures say, shall 

39 flow forth from his heart." He meant by this the Spirit which those who 
believed in him were to receive for the Spirit had not yet come, because 

40 Jesus had not yet been glorified. So some of the people, when they heard 

41 these words, said, "This is certainly the Prophet!" Others said, "This is 
the Christ!" But they rejoined, "What! Is the Christ to come from Gali- 

42 lee? Do not the Scriptures say that the Christ is to spring from the de- 
scendants of David and to come from the village of Bethlehem where David 

H lived?" So the people were divided about him, and some of them wanted to 

45 arrest him, yet no one laid hands on him. The attendants went back to the 
high priests and Pharisees, and they said to the attendants, "Why have you 

46 not brought him?" The attendants answered, 'No man ever talked as he 

48 does !" The Pharisees answered, "Have you been imposed upon too? Have 

49 any of the authorities or of the Pharisees believed in him? But these corn- 
so mon people who do not know the Law are doomed!" One of them, Nico- 

51 demus, who had previously gone to Jesus, said to them, "Does our Law con- 
demn the accused without first hearing what he has to say, and finding out 

52 what he has done?" They answered, "Are you from Galilee too? Study 
and you will find that no prophet is to appear from Galilee." 

[124. THE WOMAN TAKEN IN ADULTERY] 
[JOHN 7: 53 8:11] 

5 J [Then all the others went home, but Jesus went to the Mountain of 

2 Olives. Very early next morning he went back to the temple and all the 

3 people gathered about him, and he sat down and taught them. But the 
scribes and Pharisees brought in a woman who had been caught committing 

4 adultery and they made her stand in the middle of the crowd, and said to 
him, "Master, this woman was caught in the act of committing adultery. 

s Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women to death. 



230 The Student's Gospels 

e So what do you say?" They said this to test him, so as to get some charge 
to bring against him. But Jesus leaned forward and wrote on the ground 

7 with his ringer. When they insisted upon an answer, he straightened up and 
said to them, "Let the man among you who has never committed a sin 

s throw the first stone at her!" And he leaned forward again and went on 

9 writing on the ground. But when they heard what he said, they went away 
one by one, beginning with the eldest, and he was left by himself, with the 

10 woman standing before him. And Jesus straightened up and said to her, 

11 "Where are they? Did nobody condemn you?" And she said, "Nobody, 
sir." 

[And Jesus said, "I will not condemn you either. Go free, and from this 
time give up sin."] 

125. CHRIST AS THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD 
JOHN 8: 12-30 

12 Then Jesus spoke to them again and said, "I am the light of the world. 
Whoever follows me will not have to walk in darkness but will have the 

is light of life." The Pharisees said to him, "You are testifying to yourself. 

14 Your testimony is not true." Jesus answered, "Even if I am testifying to 
myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I have come from and where 
I am going; but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. 

jg You judge by material standards, but I am judging nobody. But even if I 
do judge, my decision is just, because I am not by myself, but the Father 

17 who sent me is with me. Why, in your own Law it is stated that the testi- 

is mony of two persons is valid. Here I am testifying to myself, and the Fa- 

19 ther who has sent me testifies to me." Then they said to him, "Where is 
your Father?" Jesus answered, "You do not know either me or my Father. 

20 If you knew me, you would know my Father too." He said these things in 
the treasury, as he was teaching in the Temple, and no one arrested him, 

21 because he was not yet ready. Then he said to them again, "I am going 
away, and you will look for me, but you will die in the midst of your sin. 

22 You cannot come where I am going." So the Jews said, ' 'Is he going to kill 
himself, and is that why he says, 'You cannot come where I am going'?" 

23 He said to them, "You are from below; I am from above. You belong to 

24 this world; I do not belong to this world. That is why I said to you that 
you would die in the midst of your sins, for unless you believe that I am 

25 what I say, you will die in the midst of your sins." They said to him, "Who 

26 are you?" Jesus said to them, "Why do I even talk to you at all? I have 
a great deal to say about you and to condemn in you, yet he who sent me is 
truthful, and the things that I say to the world are things that I have 

27 learned from him." They did not understand that he was speaking to 

28 them of the Father. So Jesus said, "When you lift the Son of Man up in 
the air, then you will know that I am what I say, and that I do nothing of 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 231 

29 my own accord, but speak as the Father has instructed me. And he who has 
sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases 
so him." And as he said this, many believed in him. 

126. THE SPIRITUAL FREEDOM OF BELIEVERS 
JOHN 8:31-59 

31 So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed in him, "If you abide by 

32 what I teach, you are really disciples of mine, and you will know the truth 

33 and the truth will set you free." They answered, "We are descended from 
Abraham, and have never been anyone's slaves. How can you say to us, 

34 'You will be set free'?" Jesus answered, "I tell you, everyone who commits 

35 sin is a slave to sin. Now a slave does not belong to a household permanent- 
3 ly ; but a son does. So if the Son sets you free you will be really free. I know 

that you are descended from Abraham, yet you want to kill me, because 

38 there is no room in your hearts for my teaching. It is what I have seen in 
the presence of my Father that I tell, and it is what you have heard from 

39 your father that you do." They answered, "Our father is Abraham." Jesus 

40 said to them, "If you are Abraham's children, then do what Abraham did. 

40 But instead you are trying to kill me, a man who has told you the truth he 

41 has heard from God. Abraham would not have done that. You are doing 
as your father does." They said to him, "We are not illegitimate children. 

42 We have one father, God himself." Jesus said to them, "If God were your 
father, you would love me, for I have come from God. I have not come of 

43 my own accord, but he has sent me. Why is it that you do not understand 

44 what I say? It is because you cannot bear to listen to my message. The 
devil is the father you are sprung from, and you want to carry out your 
father's wishes. He was a murderer from the first, and he has nothing to do 
with the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he speaks 

45 in his true character, for he is a liar and the father of them. But because I 

46 tell the truth you will not believe me. Who among you can prove me guilty 

47 of sin? But if I tell you the truth, why do you refuse to believe me? Who- 
ever is sprung from God listens to God's words. The reason you refuse to 

48 listen is that you are not sprung from God." The Jews answered, "Are we 

49 not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and are possessed?" Jesus an- 
swered, "I am not possessed, but I have respect for my Father, and you 

so have no respect for me. But I do not seek honor for myself; there is some- 
si one who seeks it for me, and is the judge of it. I tell you, if anyone observes 

52 my teaching, he will never experience death." The Jews said to him, "Now 
we are sure that you are possessed ! Abraham is dead and so are the proph- 
ets, and yet you say, 'If anyone observes my teaching, he will never know 

53 what death is!' Are you a greater man than our forefather Abraham? Yet 

54 he is dead and the prophets are dead. What do you claim to be?" Jesus 
answered, "If I show special honor to myself, such honor counts for nothing. 



232 The Student's Gospels 

55 It is my Father who shows me honor. You say he is your God, yet you have 
never come to know him. But I know him. If I say I do not know him, I 
will be a liar like yourselves. No ! I do know him, and I am faithful to his 

56 message. Your forefather Abraham exulted at the thought of seeing my 

57 coming. He has seen it, and it has made him glad." The Jews said to him, 
ss "You are not fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?" Jesus said to 
so them, "I tell you, I existed before Abraham was born!" At that, the Jews 

picked up stones to throw at him, but he disappeared and made his way 
out of the Temple. 

127. HOW OPPOSITION DEVELOPS FAITH 
JOHN, CHAPTER 9 

Q As he passed along, he saw a man who had been blind from his birth. 

2 His disciples asked him, "Master, for whose sin was this man born blind? 

3 For his own, or for that of his parents?" Jesus answered, "It was neither 
for his own sin nor for that of his parents, but to let what God can do be 

4 illustrated in his case. We must carry on the work of him who has sent me 
while the daylight lasts. Night is coming, when no one can do any work. 

g As long as I am in the world, I am a light for the world." As he said this he 
spat on the ground and made clay with the saliva, and he put the clay on 

7 the man's eyes, and said to him, "Go and wash them in the Pool of Siloam" 
a name which means One who has been sent. So he went and washed 

s them, and went home able to see. Then his neighbors and people who had 
formerly seen him begging, said, "Is not this the man who used to sit and 

9 beg?" Some said, "Yes! It is he!" Others said, "No! but he looks like 

10 him." He himself said, "I am the man." So they said to him, "Then how 

11 does it happen that you can see?" He answered, "The man they call Jesus 
made some clay and rubbed it on my eyes, and said to me, 'Go to Siloam 
and wash them.' So I went and when I had washed them I could see." 

\l They said to him, "Where is he?" He answered, "I do not know." They 
14 took the man who had been blind to the Pharisees. Now it was on the Sab- 
is bath that Jesus had made the clay and made him able to see. So once more 

the Pharisees asked him how he had become able to see, and he said to 

them, "He put some clay on my eyes, and I washed them, and I can see." 
is Then some of the Pharisees said, "This man does not come from God, for he 

does not keep the Sabbath." But others said, "How can a sinful man show 
17 such signs as this?" And there was a division of opinion among them. So they 

asked the blind man again, "What have you to say about him, because he has 
is made you able to see?" He said, "He is a prophet!" But the Jews would 

not believe that he had been blind and had become able to see until they 

19 summoned the parents of the man who had been given his sight, and asked 
them, "Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How is it that he can 

20 see now?" His parents answered, "We know that this is our son, and that 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 233 

21 he was born blind. But we do not know how it is that he can see now, or 
who has made him able to see. You must ask him. He is grown up. Let 

2-2 him tell you about himself." His parents said this because they were afraid 
of the Jews, for the Jews had already made an agreement that if anyone 
acknowledged Jesus as the Christ, he should be excluded from the syna- 

23 gogues. That was why his parents said, "He is grown up; you must ask 

24 him." So they again summoned the man who had been blind, and they said 

25 to him, "Give God the praise. This man we know is a sinful man." He 
answered, "I do not know about his being a sinful man. All I know is that 

26 I was blind before and now I can see." They said to him, "What did he do 

27 to you? How did he make you able to see?" He answered, "I have already 
told you and you would not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? 

as Do you want to become disciples of his too?" Then they sneered at him, 
and said, "You are a disciple of his yourself, but we are disciples of Moses. 

29 We know that God spoke to Moses, but we do not know where this man 

so came from." The man answered, "There is something very strange about 
this! You do not know where he came from, and yet he has made me able 

si to see ! We know that God does not listen to sinful people, but if a man is 

32 devout and obeys God, God will listen to him. It was never heard of in this 

33 world that anyone made a man born blind able to see. If this man were not 

34 from God, he could not do anything." They answered, "You were born in 
utter sin, and are you trying to teach us?" So they excluded him from the 

35 synagogue. Jesus learned that they had excluded him, and he found the 
so man and said to him, "Do you believe in the Son of Man?" The man 
37 answered, "Who is he, sir? Tell me, so that I may believe in him." Jesus 

said to him, "You have seen him already, and it is he who is now talking to 
33 you." And he said, "I believe, sir!" and he fell on his knees before him. 
so And Jesus said, "I have come into this world to judge men, that those who 

40 cannot see may see, and that those who can see may become blind." Some 
Pharisees who were present heard this, and they said to him, "Then are we 

41 blind too?" Jesus said to them, "If you were blind, you would be guilty of 
no sin, but as it is, you say 'We can see' ; so your sin continues. 

128. A SACRIFICE OF SERVICE 
JOHN 10:1-21 

10 "I tell you, any man who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, 

2 but climbs over at some other place, is a thief and robber. But the man who 

3 enters by the door is the shepherd of the flock. The watchman opens the 
door to him, and the sheep obey his voice, and he calls to his own sheep and 

4 leads them out. When he gets his own flock all out, he goes in front of them, 

5 and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice. But they will never 
follow a stranger but will run away from him, because they do not know 

6 the voices of strangers." This was the figure Jesus used in speaking to 



234 The Student's Gospels 

7 them, but they did not understand what he meant by it. So Jesus said 

s again, "I tell you, I am the door of the sheepfold. All who have come before 

9 me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep would not obey them. I am the 

door. Whoever enters through me will be saved, and will pass in and out 

10 and find pasture. A thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have 

11 come to let them have life, and to let them have it in abundance. I am the 

12 good shepherd. A good shepherd will give his life for his sheep. A hired 
man who is not a shepherd and does not own the sheep, when he sees a wolf 
coming, will leave the sheep and run away, and the wolf will carry them 

13 off and scatter the flock. For he is only a hired man, and does not care 
u about the sheep. I am the good shepherd. I know my sheep and my sheep 
is know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father, and I am 

16 giving my life for my sheep. I have other sheep too that do not belong to 
this fold. I must lead them too, and they will obey my voice, and they will 

17 all become one flock, with one shepherd. This is why the Father loves me, 
is because I am giving my life, but giving it to take it back again. No one has 

taken it from me, but I am giving it of my own accord. I have power to 
give it, and I have power to take it back again. These are the orders I have 

19 received from my Father." These words caused a fresh division of opinion 

20 among the Jews. Many of them said, "He is possessed and mad! Why do 

21 you listen to him?" Others said, "These are not the words of a man who is 
possessed. Can a madman make blind men see?" 

129. THE TRUE POWER OF DIVINE LOVE 
JOHN 10:22-42 

22 That was the time of the Rededication Festival at Jerusalem. It was 

23 winter time and Jesus was walking up and down inside the Temple, in 

24 Solomon's Colonnade. So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, 
"How much longer are you going to keep us in suspense? If you are really 

25 the Christ, tell us so frankly!" Jesus answered,,!'! have told you so, and 
you will not believe it. The things I have been doing by my Father's au- 

26 thority are my credentials, but you do not believe it because you do not 

27 belong to my sheep. My sheep listen to my voice, and I know them and 

28 they follow me, and I give them eternal life, and they shall never be lost, 
20 and no one shall tear them out of my hands. What my Father has intrusted 

to me is of more importance than anything else, and no one can tear any- 
3 thing out of the Father's hands. The Father and I are one." The Jews 

32 again picked up stones to stone him with. Jesus answered, "I have let you 
see many good things, from the Father; which of them do you mean to stone 

33 me for?" The Jews answered, "We are not stoning you for doing anything, 
but for your impious talk, and because you, a mere man, make yourself out to 

34 be God." Jesus answered, "Is it not declared in your Law, 'I said, "You 

35 are gods" '? If those to whom God's message was addressed were called 



_^ The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 235 

as gods and the Scripture cannot be set aside do you mean to say to me 

whom the Father has consecrated and made his messenger to the world, 

37 'You are blasphemous,' because I said, 'I am God's Son'? If I am not doing 

as the things my Father does, do not believe me. But if I am doing them, then 

even if you will not believe me, believe the things I do, in order that you 

may realize and learn that the Father is in union with me, and I am in union 

39 with the Father." In consequence of this they again tried to arrest him, 

40 and he withdrew out of their reach. He went across the Jordan again to the 

41 place where John used to baptize at first, and there he stayed. And people 
came to him in great numbers, and they said to him, "John did not show 
any sign in proof of his mission, but all that he said about this man was 

42 true." And many became believers in him in that place. 

130. AT THE TOMB OF A FRIEND 
JOHN 11:1-46 

11 Now a man named Lazarus was sick; he lived in Bethany, the village of 

2 Mary and her sister Martha. It was the Mary who poured perfume upon 
the Master and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was 

3 sick. So the sisters sent this message to Jesus: "Master, your friend is 

4 sick." When Jesus received it he said, "This sickness is not to end in death, 
but is for the honor of God, that through it the Son of God may be hon- 

g ored. Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. So when he heard 
that Lazarus was sick, he stayed on for two days in the place where he was, 

s and then afterward said to his disciples, "Let us go back to Judea." The 
disciples said to him, "Master, the Jews have just been trying to stone you, 

9 and are you going back there again?" Jesus answered, "Is not the day 
twelve hours long? If a man travels by day he will not stumble, for he can 

10 see the light of this world; but if he travels at night he will stumble because 

11 he has no light." He told them this, and then he added, "Our friend Laza- 

12 rus has fallen asleep, but I am going there to wake him." The disciples said 
is to him, "Master, if he has fallen asleep he will recover." Now Jesus had 

referred to his death. But they supposed that he meant a natural falling 
asleep. So Jesus then told them plainly, "Lazarus is dead, and for your sake 
I am glad that I was not there, so that you may learn to believe in me. 
is But let us go to him." So Thomas the Twin said to his fellow-disciples, 
17 "Let us go also, and die with him." When Jesus arrived he found that 
is Lazarus had been buried for four days. Now Bethany is only about two 

19 miles from Jerusalem, and a number of Jews had come out to see Mary and 

20 Martha, to condole with them about their brother. When Martha heard 
that Jesus was coming she went out to meet him, but Mary remained at 

21 home. Martha said to Jesus, "Master, if you had been here, my brother 

22 would not have died ! Even now I know that anything you ask God for, he 
24 will give -you." Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise." Martha said to 



14 
15 



236 The Student's Gospels 

him, "I know that he will rise at the resurrection, on the Last Day." 

25 Jesus said to her, ' 'I myself am Resurrection and Life. He who believes in 

26 me will live on, even if he dies, and no one who is alive and believes in me 

27 will ever die. Do you believe that?" She said to him, "Yes, Master, I do 
indeed believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come 

28 into the world." With these words she went and called her sister Mary, 

29 whispering to her, "Here is the Master, asking for you." When she heard it 
so she sprang up and went to him, for Jesus had not yet come into the village, 
si but was still at the place where Martha had met him. The Jews who were 

sitting with her in the house, condoling with her, when they saw Mary 
spring up and go out, supposed that she was going to weep at the tomb, 

32 and followed her. When Mary came where Jesus was and saw him, she fell 
at his feet, and said, "Master, if you had been here, my brother would not 

33 have died !" When Jesus saw her weep and the Jews who had come with her 

34 weeping too, repressing a groan, and yet showing great agitation, he said, 
"Where have you laid him?" They answered, "Come and see, Master." 

3g Jesus shed tears. So the Jews said, "See how much he loved him!" But 

37 some of them said, "Could not this man, who opened the eyes of that 

ss blind man, have kept Lazarus from dying?" Again repressing a groan, 

Jesus went to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid against the mouth 

39 of it. Jesus said, "Move the stone away." The dead man's sister, Martha, 
said to him, "Master, by this time he is decaying, for he has been dead four 

40 days." Jesus said to her, "Have I not promised you that if you will believe 

41 in me you will see the glory of God?" So they moved the stone away. And 
Jesus looked upward and said, "Father, I thank you for listening to me, 

42 though I knew that you always listen to me. But I have said this for the 
sake of the people that are standing around me that they may believe that 

43 you have made me your messenger." After saying this he called out in a 

44 loud voice, "Lazarus, come out!" The dead man came out, bound hand 
and foot with wrappings, and with his face muffled with a handkerchief. 

45 Jesus said to them, "Unbind him and let him move." So it came about that 
many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary and saw what Jesus did, 

46 came to believe in him, but some of them went back to the Pharisees and 
told them what he had done. 

131. GROWING OPPOSITION TO THE REVEALER 
JOHN 11: 47-57 

47 Then the high priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of the council, 
and they said, "What are we to do about the fact that this man is showing 

48 so many signs? If we let him go on, everybody will believe hi him, and then 
the Romans will come and put an end to our holy place and our people." 

49 But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, 
so "You know nothing about it. You do not realize that it is to your interest 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 237 

that one man should die for the people, instead of the whole nation being 
si destroyed." Now he was not self -moved in saying this, but as high priest 
52 for that year he was inspired to say that Jesus was to die for the nation 

and not only for the nation but also for the purpose of uniting the scattered 

54 children of God. So from that day they planned to kill Jesus. In conse- 
quence of this, Jesus did not appear in public among the Jews any longer, 
but he left that neighborhood and went to the district near the desert, to a 

55 town called Ephraim, and stayed there with his disciples. Now the Jewish 
Passover Festival was approaching and many people went up to Jerusalem 

se from the country, to purify themselves before the Passover. So they were 
looking for Jesus there, and asking one another as they stood in the Temple, 
"What do you think? Do you think he will not come to the festival at all?" 

57 For the high priests and the Pharisees had given orders that anyone who 
found out where he was should let them know, so that they might arrest 
him. 

132. A RETOLD ANECDOTE OF THE MASTER 

JOHN 12:1-11 

12 Six days before the Passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus, 

2 whom he had raised from the dead, was living. They gave a dinner for him 
there, and Martha waited on them, while Lazarus was at the table with 

3 him. And Mary took a pound of choice perfume, very costly, and poured it 
on Jesus' feet, and then wiped his feet with her hair, and the whole house 

4 was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. But Judas Iscariot, one of his 
s disciples, who was going to betray him, said, "Why was this perfume not 
o sold for sixty dollars, and the money given to the poor?" But he did not say 

this because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief and when 
7 he had charge of the purse he used to take what was put in it. Jesus said, 
s "Let her alone; let her keep it for the day of my funeral, for you always 
9 have the poor among you, but you will not always have me." A great 

many of the Jews found out that he was there, and they came to Bethany 

not only to see Jesus but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the 
10 dead. But the high priests planned to kill Lazarus also, for because of him 

many of the Jews were leaving them and becoming believers in Jesus. 

133. THE PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF MESSIAHSHIP 
JOHN 12: 12-19 

12 On the following day the crowds that had come up to the festival, 
is hearing that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, got palm branches and went 
out to meet him, shouting, 

. "God bless him! 

God bless him who comes in the Lord's name ! 
Blessings on the king of Israel !" 



238 The Student's Gospels 

14 And Jesus found a young ass and mounted it, in accordance with the Scrip- 
ture, 

is "Do not be afraid, Daughter of Zion! 

See, your king is coming mounted on an ass's colt!" 

is His disciples did not understand this at the time but after Jesus was glori- 
fied they remembered that this was said of him in Scripture and that it had 

17 happened to him. The crowd that had been with him when he called 
Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead was telling about it. 

is That was why the crowd went out to meet him, because they heard that he 

19 had showed that sign. So the Pharisees said to one another, "You see, you 
cannot do anything ! The whole world has run after him !" 



134. JESUS' NEW TEMPTATION AND NEW FAITH 
JOHN 12:20-50 

20 There were some Greeks among those who had come up to worship at 

21 the festival, and they went to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, 

22 and made this request of him : "Sir, we want to see Jesus." Philip went and 

23 told Andrew, and Andrew and Philip went to Jesus and told him. Jesus an- 

24 swered, "The time has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you, 
unless a grain of wheat falls on the ground and dies, it remains just one 

25 grain. But if it dies, it yields a great harvest. Whoever loves his life loses 
it, and whoever hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life. 

20 If anyone serves me, he must follow me, and wherever I am found, my 
servant must be also. If anyone serves me, my Father will show him 

27 honor. Now my heart is troubled; what am I to say? Father, save me from 
this trial ! And yet it was for this very purpose that I have come to this 

28 trial. Father, honor your own name!" Then there came a voice from the 

29 sky, "I have honored it, and I will honor it again !" The crowd of bystand- 
ers heard it and said it was thunder. Others said, "It was an angel speaking 

30 to him !" Jesus answered, "It was not for my sake that the voice came, but 

31 for yours. The judgment of this world is now in progress. Its evil genius is 

32 now to be expelled, and if I am lifted up from the ground, I will draw all 

33 men to myself." He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die. 

34 The crowd answered, "We have learned from the Law that the Christ is 
to remain here forever. So how can you say that the Son of Man must be 

35 lifted up? Who is this Son of Man?" Jesus said to them, "You will have 
the light only a little while longer. Go on while you still have the light, so 
that darkness may not overtake you,, for those who go about in the dark do 

so not know where they are going. While you have the light believe in the 

light, that you may become sons of light." With these words Jesus went 

37 away, and disappeared from them. But for all the signs he had shown 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 239 

as among them, they refused to believe in him, in fulfilment of the saying of 
the prophet Isaiah, 

"Lord, who has believed our account? 
And to whom has the Lord's mighty arm been unveiled?" 

39 So they could not believe; for Isaiah says again, 

40 "He has made their eyes blind and their minds dull, 

To keep them from seeing with their eyes, and understanding 

with their minds, 
And turning to me to be cured." 

41 Isaiah said this because he saw his glory; it was of him that he spoke. 

42 Yet for all that, even among the leading men, many came to believe in him, 
but on account of the Pharisees they would not acknowledge it, for fear of 

43 being excluded from the synagogues, for they cared more for the approval 

44 of men than for the approval of God. But Jesus cried loudly, "Whoever 

45 believes in me, believes not in me but in him who has sent me: and whoever 
40 sees me, sees him who has sent me. I have come into the world as a light, 

47 so that no one who believes in me may have to remain in darkness. If any- 
one hears my words and disregards them, it is not I that judge him, for I 

48 have not come to judge the world but to save the world. Whoever rejects 
me and refuses to accept my teachings is not without his judge; the very 

49 message I have given will be his judge on the Last Day, for I have not 
spoken on my own account, but the Father who has sent me has himself 

50 given me orders what to tell and what to say. And I know his orders mean 
eternal life. So whatever I say, I say only as the Father has told me." 

135. THE SETTING OF THE TEACHING 
JOHN 13:1-30 

13 Before the Passover Festival began, Jesus knew that the time had come 
for him to leave this world and go to the Father, but he had loved those who 

2 were his own in the world, and he loved them to the last. So at supper 
the devil having by this time put the thought of betraying Jesus into the 

3 mind of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son Jesus, fully aware that the Father 
had put every ting into his hands, and that he had come from God and was 

4 going back to God, rose from the table, took off his outer clothing, and 
s fastened a towel about his waist. Then he poured water into the basin and 

began to wash the disciples' feet, wiping them with the towel that was 
e about his waist. So he came to Simon Peter. He said to him, "Master, are 
7 you going to wash my feet?" Jesus answered, "You cannot understand 
s now what I am doing, but you will learn by and by." Peter said to him, "I 

will never let you wash my feet !" Jesus answered, "You will have no share 

9 with me unless I wash you." Simon Peter said to him, "Master, wash not 

10 only my feet but my hands and my face too !" Jesus said to him, "Anyone 

who has bathed only needs to have his feet washed to be altogether clean. 



240 The Student's Gospels 

11 And you are already clean though not all of you." For he knew who was 
going to betray him; that was why he said, "You are not all of you clean." 

12 When he had washed their feet and put on his clothes and taken his place, 
he said to them again, "Do you understand what I have been doing to you? 

13 You call me Teacher and Master, and you are right, for that is what I am. 

14 If I then, your Master and Teacher, have washed your feet, you ought to 
is wash one another's feet too. For I have set you an example, in order that 
is you may do what I have done to you. I tell you, no slave is superior to his 
17 master, and no messenger is greater than the man who sends him. Now 
is that you have this knowledge, you will be blessed if you act upon it. I do 

not mean all of you; I know whom I have chosen; but let the Scripture be 
fulfilled: 

'He who is eating my bread 

Has raised his heel against me.' 

19 From now on I will tell you things before they happen, so that when they 

20 do happen you may believe that I am what I say. I assure you, whoever 
welcomes any messenger of mine welcomes me and whoever welcomes me 

21 welcomes him who has sent me." After Jesus had said this he was greatly 
moved and said solemnly, "I tell you, it is one of you that will betray me !" 

22 The disciples looked at one another in doubt as to which of them he meant. 

23 Next to Jesus, at his right at the table, was one of his disciples whom Jesus 

24 especially loved. So Simon Peter nodded to him and said to him, "Tell us 

25 whom he means." He leaned back from where he lay, on Jesus' breast, and 

26 said to him, "Master, who is it?" Jesus answered, "It is the one to whom I 
am going to give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish." 
So he dipped the piece of bread and took it and gave it to Judas, Simon 

27 Iscariot's son. After he took the bread, Satan took possession of him. Then 

28 Jesus said to him, "Be quick about your business." But no one else at the 

29 table knew what he meant by telling him this, for some of them thought 
that as Judas had the purse Jesus meant to say to him, "Buy what we need 

so for the festival," or to have him give something to the poor. So immediate- 
ly after taking the piece of bread he went out. It was then night. 

136. THE GLORY OF SACRIFICIAL LOVE 
JOHN 13:31-38 

31 When he was gone, Jesus said, "Now the Son of Man has been honored, 

32 and God has been honored through him, and God will through himself 

33 honor him; he will honor him immediately. My children, I am to be with 
you only a little longer. You will look for me, but, as I said to the 

34 Jews, where I am going you cannot follow. I give you a new command: 
Love one another. Just as I have loved you, you must love one another. 

35 By this they will all know that you are my disciples by your love for one 
so another." Simon Peter said to him, "Master, where are you going?" Jesus 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 241 

answered, "I am going where you cannot follow me now, but you will follow 
37 me later." Peter said to him, "Master, why cannot I follow you now? I will 
as lay down my life for you." Jesus answered, "You will lay down your life 

for me? I tell you, before a cock crows, you will disown me thrice over! 

137. THE TRUE MEANING OF THE CHRIST'S 
DEPARTURE AND RETURN 

JOHN, CHAPTEB 14 

14 "Your minds must not be troubled; you must believe in God, and be- 

2 lieve in me. There are many rooms in my Father's house; if there were not, 
I would have told you, for I am going away to make ready a place for you. 

3 And if I go and make it ready, I will come back and take you with me, so 

4 that you may be where I am. You know the way to the place where I am 

5 going." Thomas said to him, "Master, we do not know where you are go- 
e ing; how can we know the way?" Jesus said to him, "I am Way and Truth 
7 and Life. No one can come to the Father except through me. If you knew 

me, you would know my. Father also. From now on you do know him and 
s you have seen him." Philip said to him, "Master, let us see the Father, and 
9 it will satisfy us." Jesus said to him, "Have I been with you so long, and 

yet you, Philip, have not recognized me? Whoever has seen me has seen 

10 the Father. How can you say, 'Let us see the Father'? Do you not believe 
that I am in union with the Father and the Father is in union with me? I 
am not the source of the words that I say to you, but the Father who is 

11 united with me is doing these things himself. You must believe that I am in 
union with the Father and that the Father is in union with me, or else you 

12 must believe because of the things themselves. I tell you, whoever believes 
in me will do such things as I do, and things greater yet, because I am going 

is to the Father. Anything you ask for as followers of mine I will grant, so 
14 that the Father may be honored through the Son. I will grant anything 
is you ask me for as my followers. If you really love me, you will observe my 
10 commands. And I will ask the Father and he will give you another Helper 
17 to be with you always. It is the Spirit of Truth. The world cannot obtain 
that Spirit, because it does not see it or recognize it; you recognize it be- 
is cause it stays with you and is within you. I am not going to leave you 

19 friendless. I am coming back to you. In a little while the world will not see 
me any more, but you will still see me, because I shall live on, and you will 

20 live on too. When that day comes you will know that I am in union with 

21 my Father and you are with me and I am with you. It is he who has my 
commands and observes them that really loves me, and whoever loves me 
will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and show myself to him." 

22 Judas (not Judas Iscariot), said to him, "Master, how does it happen that 

23 you are going to show yourself to us and not to the world?" Jesus an- 
swered, "Anyone who loves me will observe my teaching, and my Father 



242 The Student's Gospels 

24 will love him and we will come to him and live with him. No one who does 
not love me will observe my teaching, and yet the teaching you are listening 

25 to is not mine but is that of him who has sent me. I have told you this 
se while I am still staying with you, but the Helper, the holy Spirit which the 

Father will send in my place, will teach you everything and remind you of 

27 everything that I have told you. I leave you a blessing; I give you my own 
blessing. I do not give it to you as the world gives. Your minds must not 

28 be troubled or afraid. You have heard me say that I am going away and 
am coming back to you; if you loved me you would be glad that I am going 

29 to my Father, for the Father is greater than I. And I have told you of it 
so now before it happens, in order that when it happens you may believe in 
so me. I shall not talk much more with you, for the evil genius of the world is 
31 coming. He has nothing in common with me, but he is coming that the 

world may know that I love the Father and am doing what he has com- 
manded me to do. Come, let us go away." 

138. THE TRUE MEANING OF LOYALTY TO THE MESSIAH 
JOHN, CHAPTERS 15, 16 

* 2 5 "I am the true vine, and my Father is the cultivator. Any branch of 
mine that does not bear fruit he trims away, and he prunes every branch 

3 that bears fruit, to make it bear more. You are pruned already because of 

4 the teaching that I have given you. You must remain united to me and I 
will remain united to you. Just as no branch can bear fruit by itself unless 

s it remains united to the vine, you cannot unless you remain united to me. I 

am the vine, you are the branches. Anyone who remains united to me, with 

me united to him, will be very fruitful, for you cannot do anything apart 

e from me. Anyone who does not remain united to me is thrown away like 

a branch and withers up, and they gather them and throw them into the 

7 fire and burn them. If you remain united to me and my words remain in 

s your hearts, ask for whatever you please and you shall have it. When you 

9 are very fruitful and show yourselves to be disciples of mine, my Father is 

9 honored. I have loved you just as the Father has loved me. You must re- 

10 tain my love. If you keep my commands you will retain my love, just as I 

11 have observed the Father's commands and retain his love. I have told you 
all this so that you may have the happiness I have had, and your happiness 

12 may be complete. The command that I give you is to love one another just 

13 as I have loved you. No one can show greater love than by giving up his 

14 life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you to 
is do. I do not call you slaves any longer, for a slave does not know what his 

master is doing, but now I call you friends, for I have made known to you 

16 everything that I have learned from my Father. It was not you who chose 

me, it is I that have chosen you, and appointed you to go and bear fruit 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 243 

fruit that shall be lasting, so that the Father may grant you whatever you 
17 ask him for as my followers. What I command you to do is to love one an- 
H other. If the world hates you, remember that it hated me first. If you be- 
longed to the world, the world would love what was its own. But it is be- 
cause you do not belong to the world, but I have selected you from 

20 the world, that the world hates you. Remember what I said to you: No 
slave is greater than his master. If they have persecuted me they will perse- 
cute you too. If they have observed my teaching, they will observe yours 

21 too. But they will do all this to you on my account, because they do not 

22 understand him who sent me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they 
would not have been guilty of sin, but as it is, they have no excuse for their 

" sin. Whoever hates me hates my Father also. If I had not done things be- 
fore them that no one else ever did they would not be guilty of sin. But as it 
is, they have seen both me and my Father, and they have hated us both. 

25 But the saying of their Law, 'They hated me without cause,' must be ful- 

26 filled. When the Helper comes whom I will send to you from the Father 
that Spirit of Truth that comes from the Father he will bear testimony 

27 to me, and you must bear testimony too, because you have been with me 
from the first. 

2 "I have told you this to keep you from faltering. They will exclude you 
from their synagogues; why, the time is coming when anyone who kills you 

3 will think he is doing religious service to God. They will do this because 

4 they do not know the Father or me. But I have told you about these things 
in order that when the time comes for them to happen, you may remember 
that I told you of them. I did not tell you this at first because I was still 

s staying with you. But now I am going away to him who sent me, and not 
G one of you asks me where I am going, but your minds are full of sorrow be- 
7 cause I have told you this. Yet it is only the truth when I tell you that it is 

better for you that I should go away. For if I do not go, the Helper will not 
s come to you, but if I go I will send him to you. When he comes, he will 

bring conviction to the world about sin and uprightness and judgment; 
!o about sin, as shown in their not believing in me; about uprightness, as 

shown by my going away to the Father, where you can no longer see me; 

11 and about judgment, as shown by the condemnation of the evil genius of 

12 this world. I have much more to tell you, but you cannot take it in now, 
is but when the Spirit of Truth comes, he will guide you into the full truth, 

for he will not speak for himself but will tell what he hears, and will an- 
14 nounce to you the things that are to come. He will do honor to me, for he 
is will take what is mine and communicate it to you. All that the Father has 

belongs to me. That is why I said that he will take what is mine and com- 

16 municate it to you. In a little while you will not see me any longer, and a 

17 little while after, you will see me again." Then some of his disciples said to 
one another, "What does he mean when he tells us, 'In a little while you 



244 The Student's Gospels 

will not see me any longer, and a little while after, you will see me again,' 

is and 'Because I am going away to the Father'?" So they kept saying, "What 

does he mean by 'In a little while'? We do not know what he is talking 

19 about." Jesus saw that they wanted to ask him a question, and he said to 
them, "Are you asking one another about my saying 'In a little while you 
will not see me any longer, and a little while after, you will see me again'? 

20 I tell you, you will weep and wail while the world will be happy; you will 

21 grieve, but your grief will change to happiness. When a woman is in labor 
she is sorrowful, for her time has come; but when the child is born, she for- 
gets her pain in her joy that a human being has been brought into the 

22 world. So you, too, are sorrowful now; but I will see you again, and your 

23 hearts will be happy, and no one will rob you of your happiness. When that 
time comes, you will not ask me any questions ; I tell you, whatever you ask 

24 the Father for, he will give you as my followers. Hitherto you have not 
asked for anything as my followers, but now ask, and you will receive, so 

25 that your happiness may be complete. I have said all this to you in figura- 
tive language, but a time is coming when I shall not do so any longer, but 

20 will tell you plainly about the Father. When that time comes you will ask 
as my followers, and I do not promise to intercede with the Father for you, 

27 for the Father loves you himself because you love me and believe that I 

28 have come from the Father. I did come from the Father and enter the 
world. Now I am leaving the world again and going back to the Father." 

2y His disciples said, "Why, now you are talking plainly and not speaking 

so figuratively at all. Now we know that you know everything and do not 

need to have anyone ask you questions. This makes us believe that you 

si have really come from God." Jesus answered, "Do you believe that now? 

32 Why, a time is coming it has already come ! when you will all be scat- 
tered to your homes and will leave me alone. And yet I am not alone, for 

33 the Father is with me. I have told you all this, so that through me you may 
find peace. In the world you have trouble; but take courage! I have con- 
quered the world." 

139. THE SUMMARY OF THE GOSPEL OF THE 
REVEALER OF GOD AND ETERNAL LIFE 

JOHN, CHAPTER 17 

17 When Jesus had said all this he raised his eyes to heaven and said, 
"Father, the time has come. Do honor to your son, that your son may do 

2 honor to you, just as you have done in giving him power over all mankind, 

3 so that he may give eternal life to all whom you have given him. And 
eternal life means knowing you as the only true God, and knowing Jesus 

4 your messenger as Christ. I have done honor to you here on earth, by com- 
s pleting the work which you gave me to do. Now, Father, do such honor to 
e me in your presence as I had done me there before the world existed. I 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 245 

have revealed your real self to the men you gave me from the world. They 
were yours and you gave them to me, and they have obeyed your mes- 
7 sage. Now at last they know that all that you have given me comes from 
s you, for I have given them the truths that you gave me, and they have ac- 
cepted them and been convinced that I came from you, and they believe 
9 that you sent me. I have a request to make for them. I make no request 
for the world, but only for those whom you have given me, for they are 

10 yours ^all that is mine is yours and what is yours is mine and they have 

11 done me honor. Now I am to be no longer in this world, but they are to 
remain in the world, while I return to you. Holy Father, keep them by 

12 your power which you gave me, so that they may be one just as we are. As 
long as I was with them I kept them by your power which you gave me, 
and I protected them, and not one of them was lost (except the one who 
was destined to be lost), so that what the Scripture says might come true. 

is But now I am coming to you, and I say this here in this world in order that 
they may have the happiness that I feel fully realized in their own hearts. 

14 I have given them your message, and the world has come to hate them, for 

is they do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world. I do 
not ask you to take them away from the world, but to keep them from evil. 

is They do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world. 

H Consecrate them by truth. Your message is truth. Just as you sent me to 

19 the world, I have sent them to the world. And it is for their sake that I 

20 consecrate myself, that they also may be consecrated by truth. It is not 
for them only that I make this request. It is also for those who through 

21 their message come to believe in me. Let them all be one. Just as you, 
Father, are in union with me and I am with you, let them be in union with 

22 us, so that the world may believe that you sent me. I have given them the 

23 glory that you gave me, so that they may be one just as we are, I in union 
with them and you with me, so that they may be perfectly unified, and the 
world may recognize that you sent me and that you love them just as you 

24 loved me. Father, I wish to have those whom you have given me with me 
where I am, to see my glory that you have given me, for you loved me 

25 before the creation of the world. Righteous Father, though the world did 
not know you, I knew you, and these men knew that you had sent me. 

26 I have made yourself known to them and I will do so still, so that the love 
which you have had for me may be in their hearts, and I may be there also." 

140. THE BETRAYAL AND ARREST 
JOHN 18:1-11 

18 When Jesus had said this, he went out with his disciples to the other side 
of the Ravine of the Cedars where there was a garden, and he went into it 

2 with his disciples. Judas who betrayed him also knew the place, for Jesus 

3 often met his disciples there. So Judas got out the garrison and some at- 



246 The Student's Gospels 

tendants from the high priests and Pharisees, and came there with lanterns, 
4 torches, and weapons. Then Jesus, as he knew everything that was going 

to happen to him, came forward and said to them, "Who is it you are 
s looking for?" They answered, "Jesus of Nazareth." He said to them, "I 
e am he." Judas who betrayed him was standing among them. When Jesus 
7 said to them, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground. Then he 

asked them again, "Who is it you are looking for?" They said, "Jesus of 

s Nazareth." Jesus answered, "I have told you that I am he, so if you are 

9 looking for me, let these men go." This was to fulfil the saying he had 

jo uttered, "I have not lost one of those whom you have given me." Then 

Simon Peter, who had a sword with him, drew it and struck at the high 

priest's slave and cut off his right ear. The slave's name was Malchus. 

11 Then Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword back into the sheath. Shall I 
not drink the cup which the Father has offered me?" 

141. JESUS IS EXAMINED BY ANNAS 
JOHN 18:12-27 

12 So the garrison and the colonel and the attendants of the Jews seized 

13 Jesus and bound him, and they took him first to Annas. For he was the 

14 father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. Now it was 
Caiaphas who had advised the Jews that it was for their interest that one 

is man should die for the people. But Simon Peter and another disciple fol- 
lowed Jesus. This other disciple was an acquaintance of the high priest, 

16 and he went on with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard, while Peter 
stood outside at the door. So this other disciple, the acquaintance of the 
high priest, went out and spoke to the woman at the door and brought 

17 Peter in. The maid at the door said to Peter, "Are you also one of this 
is man's disciples?" He said, "No, I am not." As it was cold the slaves and 

attendants had made a charcoal fire, and stood about it warming them- 
selves. And Peter also was among them, standing and warming himself. 

19 Then the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 

20 Jesus answered, "I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught 
in synagogues or in the Temple where all the Jews meet together, and I 

21 have said nothing in secret. Why do you question me? Ask those who have 
heard me what it was that I said to them. They will know what I have 

22 said." When he said this, one of the attendants who stood near struck him 

23 and said, "Is that the way you answer the high priest?" Jesus replied, "If 
I have said anything wrong, testify to it; but if what I have said is true, 

24 why do you strike me?" So Annas sent him over still bound to Caiaphas 

25 the high priest. But Simon Peter still stood warming himself. So they said 
to him, "Are you also one of his disciples?" He denied it and said, "No, I 

20 am not." One of the high priest's slaves, a relative of the man whose ear 
27 Peter had cut off, said, "Did I not see you with him in the garden?" Peter 
again denied it, and at that moment a cock crowed. 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 247 

142. JESUS, THOUGH DECLARED INNOCENT, IS EXECUTED BY 
PILATE AS A POLITICAL OFFENDER 

JOHN 18:2819:37 

2s Then they took Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor's house. It was 

early in the morning, and they would not go into the governor's house 

themselves, to avoid being ceremonially denied and to be able to eat the 

29 Passover supper. So Pilate came outside to them, and said, "What charge 

so do you make against this man?" They answered, "If he were not a crimi- 

31 nal, we would not have turned him over to you." Pilate said to them, 

"Take him yourselves, and try him by your law." The Jews said to him, 

33 "We have no authority to put anyone to death." This was to fulfil what 

33 Jesus said when he declared how he was to die. So Pilate went back into 
the governor's house and called Jesus and said to him, "Are you the long of 

34 the Jews?" Jesus answered, "Did you think of that yourself, or has someone 

35 else said it to you about me?" Pilate answered, "Do you take me for a 
Jew? Your own people and the high priests handed you over to me. What 

ae offense have you committed?" Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not a 
kingdom of this world. If my kingdom were a kingdom of the world, my 
men would have fought to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. 

37 But as it is, my kingdom has no such origin." Pilate said to him, "Then 
you are a king?" Jesus answered, "As you say, I am a king. It was for this 
that I was born and for this that I came to the world, to give testimony for 

ss truth. Everyone who is on the side of truth listens to my voice." Pilate said 
to him, "What is truth!" With these words he went outside again to the 

39 Jews and said to them, "I can find nothing to charge him with. But it is 
your custom to have me release one man for you at Passover time. Do you 

40 want me therefore to release the king of the Jews for you?" Then they 
shouted back, "No! Not him, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a rob- 

2 ber. Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. And the soldiers made 
a wreath out of thorns and put it on his head, and put a purple coat on him, 

3 and they marched up to him, saying, "Long live the king of the Jews !" each 

4 one giving him a blow. And Pilate went outside again and said to the Jews, 
"See! I will bring him out to you, to show you that I can find nothing to 

5 charge him with." So Jesus came out, still wearing the wreath of thorns 
e and the purple coat. And Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!" When 

the high priests and their attendants saw him, they shouted, "Have him 

crucified ! Have him crucified !" Pilate said to them, "Take him yourselves 
7 and have him crucified, for I can find nothing to charge him with." The 

Jews answered, "We have a law, and by our law he deserves death, for de- 
s claring himself to be a son of God." When Pilate heard that, he was more 
9 frightened than before and he went back into the governor's house and 

said to Jesus, "Where do you come from?" But Jesus made no answer. 

10 Then Pilate said to him, "Do you refuse to speak to me? Do you not 

11 know that it is in my power to release you or to have you crucified?" Jesus 



248 The Student's Gospels ' 

answered him, "You would have no power at all over me, if it were not 

given to you from above. So you are less guilty than the man who be- 
12 trayed me to you." This made Pilate try to find a way to let him go, but 

the Jews shouted, "If you let him go, you are no friend of the emperor's! 

Anyone who calls himself a king utters treason against the emperor!" 
is When Pilate heard that, he had Jesus brought out and had him sit in the 

judge's seat in the place they call the Stone Platform, or in Hebrew, Gab- 
14 batha. It was the day of Preparation for the Passover, and it was about 
is noon. And Pilate said to the Jews, "There is your king!" At that they 

shouted, "Kill him! Kill him! Have him crucified!" Pilate said to them, 

"Am I to crucify your king?" The high priests answered, "We have no 
iG king but the emperor!" Then Pilate handed him over to them to be cruci- 
17 fied. So they took Jesus, and he went out carrying the cross by himself to 
is a spot called the Place of the Skull, or in Hebrew, Golgotha. There they 

crucified him, with two others, one on each side and Jesus in the middle. 
is Pilate had written a placard and had it put on the cross; it read "Jesus the 

20 Nazarene, the king of the Jews." Many of the Jews read this placard, for 
the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in 

21 Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. So the Jewish high priests said to Pilate, "Do 
not write 'The king of the Jews,' but write 'He said, I am the king of the 

" Jews.' " Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written!" When 
the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into 
four parts, one for each soldier, besides his shirt. Now his shirt had no 

24 seam; it was woven in one piece from top to bottom. So they said to one 
another, "Let us not tear it, but let us draw for it, to see who gets it." 
This was to fulfil what the Scripture says: 

"They divided my garments among them, 
And for my clothing they cast lots." 

25 This was what the soldiers did. Near Jesus' cross stood his mother and her 
2u sister Mary, the daughter of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. So Jesus, 

seeing his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing near, said to his 

27 mother, "There is your son!" Then he said to his disciple, "There is your 

28 mother!" And from that time his disciple took her into his home. After 
that, Jesus, knowing that everything was now finished, to fulfil the saying 

29 of the Scripture, said, "I am thirsty." A bowl of sour wine was standing 
there. So they put a sponge soaked in the wine on a pike and held it to his 

so lips. When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, "It is finished!" Then bow- 
si ing his head he gave up his spirit. As it was the day of Preparation for the 
Passover, in order that the bodies might not be left on the crosses over the 
Sabbath, for that Sabbath was an especially important one, the Jews 

32 asked Pilate to have the men's legs broken and the bodies removed. So the 
soldiers went and broke the legs of the first man and then of the other who 

33 had been crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus they saw that 



The Christ Interpreted l)y Christian Experience 249 

34 he was dead already, and they did not break his legs, but one of the soldiers 
thrust a lance into his side, and blood and water immediately flowed out. 

35 The man who saw it testifies to it his testimony is true; he knows that he 
se is telling the truth to lead you also to believe. For this happened to fulfil 

what the Scripture says: 

"Not one of its bones will be broken." 
37 Moreover, it says in another place, 

"They shall look at the man whom they pierced." 

143. THE BURIAL OF JESUS 
JOHN 19:38-42 

ss After this, Joseph, of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but a 
secret one, because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate to let him remove 
Jesus' body, and Pilate gave him permission. So Joseph went and took the 

39 body down. And Nicodemus also, who had first come to Jesus at night, 
went, taking a roll of myrrh and aloes weighing about a hundred pounds. 

40 So they took Jesus' body, and wrapped it with the spices in bandages, in 

41 the Jewish way of preparing bodies for burial. There was a garden at the 
place where Jesus had been crucified, and in the garden was a new tomb in 

42 which no one had yet been laid. So because it was the Jewish Preparation 
day, and the tomb was close by, they put Jesus there. 

144. JESUS APPEARS TO MARY MAGDALENE 
JOHN 20: 1-18 

20 On the day after the Sabbath very early in the morning while it was 
still dark, Mary of Magdala went to the tomb, and she saw that the stone 

2 had been removed from it. So she ran away and went to Simon Peter and 
the other disciple who was dear to Jesus, and said to them, "They have 
taken the Master out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have 

3 put him." So Peter and the other disciple went out of the city and started 

4 for the tomb. And they both ran, and the other disciple ran faster than 
s Peter and got to the tomb first. And he stooped down and saw the band- 
e ages lying on the ground, but he did not go in. Then Simon Peter came up 

behind him, and he went inside the tomb, and saw the bandages lying on 
7 the ground, and the handkerchief that had been over Jesus' face not on 
s the ground with the bandages, but folded up by itself. Then the other dis- 
ciple who had reached the tomb first went inside too, and saw and was con- 
9 vinced. For they did not yet understand the statement of Scripture that he 
"must rise from the dead. So the disciples went home again. But Mary 
stood just outside the tomb, weeping. And as she wept she looked down 
12 into the tomb, and saw two angels in white sitting where Jesus' body had 



250 The Student's Gospels ' 

13 been, one at his head and one at his feet. And they said to her, "Why are 
you weeping?" She said to them, "They have taken my Master away, and 

14 I do not know where they have put him." As she said this she turned 
around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not know that it was he. 

is Jesus said to her, "Why are you weeping? Whom are you looking for?" She, 
supposing that he was the gardener, said to him, "If it was you, sir, that car- 
ried him awa3 r , tell me where you have put him, and I will take him away. 

16 "Mary!" said Jesus. She turned and said to him in Hebrew, "Rabbouni!" 

17 which means Master. Jesus said to her, "You must not cling to me, for I 
have not yet gone up to my Father, but go to my brothers and say to them 
that I am going up to my Father and your Father, to my God and your 

is God." Mary of Magdala went and declared to the disciples, "I have seen 
the Master!" and she told them that he had said this to her. 

145. JESUS APPEARS TO THE TWELVE 
JOHN 20: 19-25 

19 When it was evening on that first day after the Sabbath, and the doors 
of the house where the disciples met were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus 
came in and stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you!" 

20 Then he showed them his hands and his side, and the disciples were full of 

21 joy at seeing the Master. Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you! 

22 Just as my Father sent me forth so I now send you." As he said this he 

23 breathed upon them, and said, "Receive the holy Spirit ! If you forgive any 
men's sins, they are forgiven them, and if you fix any men's sins upon them, 

24 they will remain fixed." But Thomas, one of the Twelve, who was called 
2s the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came in. So the rest of the dis- 
ciples said to him, "We have seen the Master!" But he said to them, 
"Unless I see the marks of the nails in his hands, and put my finger into 
them, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it!" 

146. THE FAITH OF THOMAS AND THE FAITH OF 
ALL BELIEVERS 

JOHN 20: 26-29 

se A week after, the disciples were again in the house, and Thomas was 

with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came in and stood 
27 among them, and said, "Peace be with you!" Then he said to Thomas, 

"Put your finger here and look at my hands, and take your hand and put 
2s it in my side, and be no longer unbelieving, but believe!" Thomas an- 
29 swered him, "My Master and my God!" Jesus said to him, "Is it because 

you have seen me that you believe? Blessed be those who believe without 

having seen me!" 



The Christ Interpreted by Christian Experience 251 

147. THE CONCLUSION OF THE GOSPEL 

JOHN 20: 30-31 

so There were many other signs that Jesus showed before his disciples 
ai which are not recorded in his book. But these have been recorded so that 
you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and through be- 
lieving you may have life as his followers. 

148. APPENDIX 

1. OTHER APPEARANCES OF JESUS TO HIS DISCIPLES 

JOHN 21 : 1-23 

21 After this Jesus again showed himself to the disciples at the Sea of 

2 Tiberias, and he did so in this way. Simon Peter, Thomas called the Twin, 
Nathanael, of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples 

3 of Jesus were all together. Simon Peter said to them, "I am going fishing." 
They said to him, "We will go with you." They went out and got into the 

4 boat, and that night they caught nothing. But just as day was breaking, 
Jesus stood on the beach, though the disciples did not know that it was he. 

5 So Jesus said to them, "Children, have you any fish?" They answered, 
e "No." "Throw your net in on the right of the boat," he said to them, "and 

you will find them." They did so, and they could not haul it in for the 

7 quantity of fish in it. Then the disciple who was dear to Jesus said to Peter, 

"It is the Master!" When Simon Peter heard that it was the Master, he 

s put on his clothes, for he had taken them off, and sprang into the sea. The 

rest of the disciples followed in the boat, for they were not far from land, 

9 only about a hundred yards, dragging in the net full of fish. When they 

landed they saw a charcoal fire burning, with a fish on it, and some bread. 

J Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish you have just caught." So 
Simon Peter got into the boat and hauled the net ashore, full of large fish, a 
hundred and fifty-three of them, and though there were so many, the net 

12 was not torn. Jesus said to them, "Come and have breakfast." None of the 
disciples dared to ask him who he was, for they knew it was the Master. 

H Jesus went and got the bread and gave it to them, and the fish also. This 
was the third time that Jesus showed himself to his disciples, after he had 

is risen from the dead. When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to 
Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, are you more devoted to me than these 
others are?" Peter said to him, "Yes, Master, you know that I love you." 

IG Jesus said to him, "Then feed my lambs!" Again Jesus said to him a sec- 
ond time, "Simon, son of John, are you devoted to me?" He said to him, 
"Yes, Master, you know that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Then be a 

17 shepherd to nay sheep!" Jesus said to him a third time, "Simon, son of 
John, do you love me?" Peter was hurt because the third time Jesus asked 



252 The Student's Gospels 

him if he loved him, and he answered, "Master, you know everything, you 
is can see that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Then feed my sheep! I tell 
you, when you were young, you used to put on your own girdle and go 
where you pleased, but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands 
and someone else will put a girdle on you and take you where you have no 

19 wish to go." He said this to show the kind of death by which Peter was to 

20 honor God; and after he had said it he said to Peter, "Follow me!" Peter 
turned and saw following them the disciple who was very dear to Jesus, 
who at the supper leaned back on Jesus' breast and said, "Master, who is 

21 it that is going to betray you?" When Peter saw him, he said to Jesus, 

22 "But, Master, what about him?" Jesus said to him, "If I wish him to wait 

23 till I come, what does it matter to you? You must follow me." So the story 
spread among the brothers that this disciple was not going to die. But 
Jesus did not tell him that he was not going to die; he said, "If I wish him 
to wait till I come, what does it matter to you?" 

2. THE GUARANTY OF THE TRUTH OF THE GOSPEL 

JOHN 21: 24, 25 

24 It is this disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down, 

25 and we know that his testimony is true. There are many other things that 
Jesus did, so many in fact that if they were all written out, I do not suppose 
that the world itself would hold the books that would have to be written. 



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