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Full text of "The New Testament [microform]"

Cbc clni.vcr.sUv 




D U K RE T T COLLECTION 



. N- 3"' 

THE 



NEW TESTAMENT. 



TRANSLATED FROM THE 



ORIGINAL GREEK, 



BY 



H. T, ANDERSON. 



REVISED EDITION. 



LOUISVILLE, KY.: 

JOHF P. MOSTOH & COMPANY. 
1866. 




1 




Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by 
H. T. ANDERSON, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern 

District of Ohio. 



STEBEOTYPED AT THE 

FBANKLIN TYPE IOTJHDBX 

CINCINNATI, 0. 



DEDICATION AND PEEFACE. 



To ALL Lovers of Truth, the Author dedicates his Translation 
of the New Testament. 

The Author saw, very early in life, that a translation of the 
New Testament was necessary. He began his investigations at 
the age of twenty-one, and has faithfully studied the Original 
since that time. He has made his translation without reference 
to any version ; that is, he adopted no version as a basis. His . 
work is not a Revision of a version, but a Translation ; for he 
was not disposed to be trammeled by any version, but desired 
to find the truth of God, as it is contained in the Original. 
The truth thus found, he has endeavored to express in the En- 
glish language as now spoken. He has been careful to express 
the exact sense of the Original, without permitting himself to 
be confined to an imitation of the letter of the Greek. In 
revising his work, he re-examined the common version, and 
wherever that version has expressed the sense of the Original 
in good English, he has adopted it. In this way he has, as he 
hopes, embodied all the excellencies of that version, and avoided 
its errors. 

The author takes pleasure in acknowledging himself largely 
indebted, for the English dress of the Translation, to his friend, 
and brother in Christ, JOHN AUGUSTUS WILLIAMS, of Harrods- 
burg, Kentucky. 

(3) 



4 DEDICATION AND PREFACE. 

The work has been carried on under many adverse circum- 
stances; but, by the good providence of God, it has been com- 
pleted. May it go forth, under the Divine blessing, to establish 
and comfort the hearts of those who love the Truth. 

H.. T. AtfDEESON. 
HABKODSBURG, Kt., March, 1864 



TESTIMONY OF MATTHEW. 



I. * nnHE book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of 
1 David, the son of Abraham. . 

2 Abraham begot Isaac: Isaac begot Jacob: Jacob begot 
Judah and his brothers: 3 Judah begot Phares and Zarah of 
Thamar: Phares begot Hezron: Hezron begot Aram: *Aram 
begot Aminidab: Aminidab begot Nahshon: Nahshon begot 
Salmon : 5 Salmon begot Boaz of Eachab : Boaz begot Obed of 
Ruth: Obed begot Jesse : 6 Jesse begot David the king: David 
the king begot Solomon of her who had been the wife of 
Uriah : 7 Solomon begot Eehoboam : Eehoboam begot Abia : 
Abia begot Asa: 8 Asa begot Jehosaphat: Jehosaphat begot 
Jehoram: Jehoram begot Uzziah: 9 Uzziah begot Jotham: Jo- 
tham begot Ahaz: Ahaz begot ' Hezeldah : 10 Hezekiah begot 
Manasseh : Manasseh begot Amon : Amon begot Josiah : n Jo- 
siah begot Jeconiah and his brothers, about the time of the 
removal to Babylon. 

. 12 And after the removal to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Sheal- 
tiel: Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel: 13 Zerubbabel begot Abiud: 
Abiud begot Eliakim : Eliakim begot Azor : M Azor begot Sa- 
dok : Saclok begot Achim : Achim begot Eliud : 15 Eliud begot 
Eleazar : Eleazar begot Matthan : Matthan begot Jacob : 16 Jacob 
begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, 
who is called Christ. 

17 So all the generations from Abraham till David are four- 

(5) 



6 MATTHEW. ' [n. 

teen generations : and from David till the removal to Babylon 
are fourteen generation's : and from the removal to Babylon till 
the Christ are fourteen generations. 

18 But Jesus Christ was begotten thus: After his mother 
Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they had come 
together, she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit. 
19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not choos- 
ing to make an example of her, intended to put her away pri- 
vately. 20 But while he was thinking of these things, behold, 
an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying: 
Joseph, son of David, fear not to take home Mary your wife; 
for that which is begotten in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21 And 
she will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus ; for he 
will save his people from their sins. ^Now all this was done, 
that the word might be fulfilled, which was spoken by the Lord 
through the prophet, saying : 23 Behold, a virgin shall be with 
child, and shall bear a son, and his name shall be called Im- 
manuel, which, when translated, is, God with us. 24 And Joseph 
awoke from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord had 
commanded him ; and he took home his wife, 25 and knew her 
not till she had brought forth her first-born son. And he called 
his name Jesus. 

II. - 1 Wow after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the 
days of Herod the king, behold, Magi from the east came to 
Jerusalem, a saying: Where is he that is born king of the Jews? 
For we have seen his star in the east, and have come to do him 
homage. 3 When Herod the king heard these things, he was 
troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. *And when he had 
assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he 
inquired of them where the Christ should be born. 6 And. they 



ii.] MATTHEW. 7 

said to him : In Bethlehem of Judea; for thus it is written by 
the .prophet : 6 And thou, Bethlehem, city of Judah, art by no 
means the least among the chiefs of Judah ; for out of thee shall 
come a leader, that shall be a shepherd to my people Israel. 

7 Then Herod, when he had secretly called the Magi, inquired 
of them strictly, how long since the star appeared: 8 and send- 
ing them to Bethlehem, he said : Go, make strict inquiry for 
the young child : and when you have found him, bring me 
word, that I also may go and do him homage. 9 When they 
had heard the king, they departed; and lo, the star, which 
they had seen in the east, went before them, till it came and 
stood over the place where the young child was. 10 And when 
they saw the star, they rejoiced with very great joy. "And 
having come into the house, they saw the young child with 
Mary his mother ; and falling down, they did him homage. 
And when they had opened their treasures, they offered to 
him gifts, gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And having been 
warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed into 
their own country by another way. 

13 When they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord 
appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying: Arise, and take the 
young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be there 
till I bring you word ; .for Herod is about to seek for the young 
child, to destroy him. u And he arose and took the young child 
and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt, 15 and was 
there till the death of Herod; that the word might be fulfilled 
which was spoken by the Lord through his prophet, saying: 
Out of Egypt have I called my Son. 

16 Then Herod, when he saw that he -was deceived by the 
Magi, was greatly enraged, and sent out and slew all the male 
children that were in Bethlehem and in all its borders, from 



8 MATTHEW. [m. 

the age of two years and under, according to the time which 
he had strictly inquired of the Magi. 17 Then was fulfilled that 
which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying : 18 A voice 
was heard in Raman, wailing and weeping, and great mourning; 
Eachel weeping for her children, and refusing to be comforted 
because they are no more. 

19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord 
appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying : Arise and 
take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of 
Israel; for they are dead who sought the young child's life. 
21 And he arose and took the young child and his mother, and 
came into the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Arche- 
laus was reigning in Judea in place of Herod his father, he was 
afraid to go thither. But being warned in a dream, he with- 
drew into the regions of Galilee, 23 and came and dwelt in a city 
called Nazareth, that the word might be fulfilled which was 
spoken by the prophets : He shall be called a Nazarene. 

III. 1 In those days came John the Immerser, preaching in 
the wilderness of Judea, 2 and saying : Eepent, for the kingdom 
of heaven is at hand. 3 For this is he that was spoken of by 
Isaiah the prophet, saying : The voice of one crying in the 
wilderness, Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths 
straight. * But the same John had his clothing of camel's hair, 
and a girdle of leather around his loins, and his food was locusts 
and wild honey. 

5 Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the 
region round about the Jordan, 6 and were immersed by him in 
the Jordan, confessing their sins. 7 But when he saw many of 
the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his immersion, he said 
to them : Generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from 



IV.] MATTHEW. 9 

the coming wrath? 8 Bring forth, therefore, fruit worthy of 
repentance : 9 and think not to say within yourselves, We have 
Abraham for our father ; for I say to you that God is able from 
these stones to raise up children to Abraham. 10 Even now the 
ax is lying at the root of the trees : therefore, every tree that 
does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and thrown into the 
fire. n I immerse you in water, in order to repentance ; but he 
that comes after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not 
worthy to carry. He will immerse you in the Holy Spirit and 
in fire : 12 whose winnowing-shovel is in his hand, and he will 
thoroughly cleanse his thrashing-floor, and gather his grain into 
his granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire. 
13 Then came Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to 
be immersed by him. 16 But John forbade him, saying : I have 
need to be immersed by thee, and comest thou to me? 15 But 
Jesus answering said to him: Permit it now; for thus it be- 
comes us to perform fully every righteous act. Then he per- 
mitted him. 16 And after Jesus was immersed, he came up 
immediately from the water; and lo, the heavens were opened 
to him, and he saw the Spirit of G-od descending like a dove, 
and coming upon him. 17 And lo, a voice from heaven, saying : 
This is my beloved Son, in whom I delight. 

IV. 1 Then was Jesus led up by the Spirit into the wilderness, 
to be tempted by the devil. 2 And when he had fasted forty 
days and forty nights, he was afterward hungry. 3 And the 
tempter came to him and said : If you are the Son of God, com- 
mand that these stones become bread. 4 But he answered and 
said: It is written, Man shall not live. by bread alone, but by 
every word that comes forth from the mouth of God. 5 Then 
the devil took him into the holy city, and placed him on the 



10 



MATTHEW. 



[IV. 



pinnacle of the temple, 6 and said to Mm : If you are the Son 
of God, throw ^yourself down, for it is written: He will give 
his angels charge concerning you; and in their hands shall they 
take you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone. 7 Jesus 
said to him: It is again written, You shall not put the Lord 
your God to the proof. 

8 Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain, and 
showed him all the kingdoms of the world and the glory of 
them, 9 and said to him : All these things will I give you, if you 
will fall down and worship me. 10 Then Jesus said to him : Get 
behind me, Satan, for it is written : You shall worship the Lord 
your God, and him only shall you serve. u Then the devil left 
him, and behold, angels came and ministered to him. 

12 Now when Jesus heard that John was delivered up, he 
withdrew into Galilee; 13 and, leaving Nazareth, he went and 
dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea, in the borders of 
Zebulon and Naphtali, M that the word might be fulfilled which 
was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying : 15 The land of Zebu- 
Ion, and the land of Naphtali, toward the sea beyond the Jor- 
dan, Galilee of the Gentiles; 16 the people that sat in darkness 
saw great light; and upon those who sat in the region and 
shadow of death light has risen. 17 From that time Jesus began 
to preach and to say: Eepent, for the kingdom of heaven is at 
hand. 

18 And as he was walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two 
brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, 
throwing a net into the sea, for they were fishers. 19 And he 
said to them: Come after me, and I will make you fishers of 
men. 20 And they immediately left their nets and followed him. 
21 And going on thence, he saw other two brothers, James the 
son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the ship with Zebedee 



v.] MATTHEW. 11 



their father, mending their nets; and he called them. 

they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed 

him. 

23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their syna- 
gogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and curing 
.every disease, and every kind of sickness among the people. 
24 And his fame went abroad into all Syria. And they brought 
to him all that were sick, those who were afflicted with various 
diseases and pains, and those who were possessed with demons, 
and lunatics, and paralytics; and he cured them. ^And many 
multitudes followed him from Galilee, and Decapolis, and Jeru- 
salem, and Judea, and from beyond the Jordan. 

V. -"-And seeing the multitudes, he went up into the mount- 
ain; and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him; 
2 and he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: 3 Blessed 
are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 
* Blessed are they that mourn; for they shall be comforted. 
5 Blessed are the meek; for they shall inherit the earth. 6 Bless- 
ed are they that hunger and thirst for righteousness; for they 
shall be filled. 7 Blessed are the merciful ; for they shall receive 
mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart ; for they shall see God. 
9 Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called sons of 
God. 10 Blessed are they that are persecuted on account of 
righteousness; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. u Blessed 
are you, when they shall reproach you, and persecute you, and 
say every evil thing against you, falsely, on my account. 12 Ee- 
joice, and leap for joy; for great is your reward in heaven : for 
BO did they persecute the prophets who were before you. 

13 You are the salt of the earth : but if the salt has become 
tasteless, by what means shall it become salt again? It is then 



12 MATTHEW. ' [v. 

good for nothing but to be thrown out and trod upon by men. 
14 You are the light of the world : a city that lies upon a mount- 
ain can not be hid : 15 neither do men light a lamp and place it 
under the measure, but on the lamp-stand, and it gives light to 
all that are in the house. 16 In this way let your light shine 
before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify 
your Father who is in heaven. 

17 Think not that I have come to make the law or the prophets 
of no effect. I have not come to make them of no effect, but 
to give them their full efficiency. 18 For verily I say to you, Till 
heaven and earth pass away, one yod or one point shall in no 
way pass from the law till all be fulfilled. 19 Whoever, there- 
fore, shall make void one of the least of these commandments, 
and shall teach men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of 
heaven. But whoever shall do and teach, he shall be called 
great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say to you, That, un- 
less your righteousness excel that of the scribes and Pharisees, 
you can by no means enter into the kingdom of heaven. 

21 You have heard that it was said to the ancients : You shall 
not kill; and whoever shall kill, shall be liable to the sentence 
of the judges. 22 But I say to you, Whoever is angry with his 
brother without a cause, shall be liable to the sentence of the 
judges. And whoever shall say to his brother, Worthless fel- 
low, shall be liable to the sentence of the Sanhedrim. But who- 
ever shall say, Impious wretch, shall be in danger of hell-fire. 
23 If, therefore, you bring your gift to the altar, and there re- 
member that your brother has any thing against you, Cleave 
your gift there before the altar, and go, first be reconciled to 
your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25 Gome to 
an agreement with your opponent at law quickly, while you 
are on the road with him, lest your opponent at law deliver you 



I v.] MATTHEW. 13 

to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the officer, and 
you be thrown into prison. 26 Verily, I say to you, You shall, 
by no means come out thence, till you have paid the last 

; farthing. 

I 27 You have heard that it was said: You shall not commit 
adultery. 28 But I say to you, Whoever looks upon a woman 
to cherish desire for her, has already committed adultery with 
her in his heart. 20 If, then, your right eye ensnare you, tear 
it out, and throw it from you; for it is profitable for you that 
one of your members should perish, and not that your whole 
body should be thrown into hell. 80 And if your right hand 
ensnare you, cut it off, and throw it from you; for it is profit- 
able for you that one of your members should perish, and not 
that your whole body should be thrown into hell. 

31 It has been said : Whoever will put away his wife, let him 
give her a bill of divorce. 32 But I say to you, Whoever shall 
put away his wife, unless on account of lewdness, causes her 
to commit adultery : and whoever marries her that is divorced, 
commits adultery. 33 Again, you have heard that it was said 
to the ancients : You shall not swear falsely, but shall pay to 
the Lord your vows. 34 But I say to you, Swear not at all : 
neither by heaven, for it is the throne of Grod; 35 nor by the 
earth, for it is his footstool ; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city 
of the great King : 3G neither shall you swear by your head, 
for you can not make one hair white or black. 37 But let your 
word be, Yes, yes; No, no; for whatever is more than these 
is of the Evil One. 

38 You have heard that it was said : An eye for an eye, and 
a tooth for a tooth. 39 But I say to you, Resist not the injuri- 
ous. But whoever will smite you on your right cheek, turn to 
him the other also. 40 And to him that will go to law with 



14 



MATTHEW. 



vr. 



you, and take away your coat, give your mantle also. 41 And 
whoever will compel .you to go one mile, go with him two. 
42 Give to him that asks of you; and from him that would 
borrow of you, turn not away. . 

43 You have heard that it was said: You shall love your 
neighbor, and hate your enemy. ^But I say to you, Love 
your enemies : bless those who curse you, do good to those who 
hate you, and pray for those who insult you and persecute you : 
45 that you may be the sons of your Father who is in heaven; 
for he makes his sun to rise upon the evil and the good, and 
causes it to rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if you 
love those who love you, what reward have you ? Do not even 
the publicans the same ? 47 And if you salute your brethren 
only, in what do you excel ? Do not even the publicans so ? 
48 Be you therefore perfect, as your Father who is in heaven 
is perfect. 

VI. l Beware of doing your righteous deeds before men, to 
be seen by them ; otherwise you have no reward with your 
Father who is in_ heaven. 2 When, therefore, you do a chari- 
table deed, do not cause a trumpet to be sounded before you, 
as the hypocrites do,' in the synagogues and in the streets, that 
they may be glorified by men. Verily, I say to you, They 
have their reward. 3 But when you do a charitable deed, let 
not your left hand know what your right hand does; 4 that 
your charitable deeds may be in secret; and your Father, who 
sees in secret, himself will reward you openly. 

5 And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites; 
for they love to pray standing in the synagogues, and in the 
corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Verily, 
I say to you, They have their reward. 6 But do you, when you 



vi.] MATTHEW. 15 

pray go into your closet, and when you have closed the door, 
pray to your Father who is in secret : and your Father who 
sees in secret will reward you openly. 7 But when you pray, 
do not use vain repetitions, as the heathen do : for they think 
that they will be heard for their many words. 8 Be not, there- 
fore, like them ; for your Father knows what things you need 
before you ask him. 

9 In this manner, therefore, pray you : Our Father who art 
in heaven, hallowed be thy name. 10 Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is done in heaven. u Give us this 
day the bread for our support. 12 And forgive us our debts, as 
we also forgive our debtors. 13 And lead us not into tempta- 
tion, but deliver us from the Evil One. M For if you forgive 
men their offenses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 
16 But if you forgive not men their offenses, neither will your 
Father forgive your offenses. 

16 And when you fast, do not put on a sad countenance, as 
the hypocrites do ; for they disfigure their faces, that they may 
appear to men to be fasting. Verily, I say to you, They have 
their reward. 17 But do you, when you fast, anoint your head 
and wash your face ; 18 that you may not appear to men to be 
fasting, but to your Father who is in secret. . And your Father 
who sees in secret will reward you. 

19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moths 
and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal. 
20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither 
moth nor rust consumes, and where thieves do not break 
through, nor steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there will 
your heart be also. 22 The lamp of the body is the eye: if, 
therefore, your eye be sound, your whole body will be light: 

But if your eye be diseased, your whole body will be dark. If 



23 



16 MATTHEW. [vn. 

therefore, the light that is in you is darkness, how great is that 
darkness ! 

24 No one can serve two masters : for he will either hate the 
one and love the other; or he will hold to the one, a.nd neglect 
the other. You can not serve God and riches. 25 For this rea- 
son I say to you, Be not anxious for your life, what you shall 
eat, and what you shall drink; nor for your body, what you 
shall put on. Is not your life a greater gift than food, and your 
body than clothing ? 26 Observe the birds of the air, that they 
neither sow, nor reap, nor gather into granaries. Yet your 
heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much better than 
they ? 2T Which of you, by his anxiety, can add one span to his | 
life? 28 And why are you anxious about clothing? Consider 
the lilies of the field how they grow : they toil not, nor do they 
spin. 29 But I say to you, That Solomon, in all his glory, was jj 
not clothed like one of these. 30 If then, God so clothes the \ 
herb of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is thrown into I 
the oven, will he not much more clothe you, you of little | 
faith ? 31 Therefore, be not anxious, saying : What shall we eat ? | 
or, what shall we drink? or, with what shall we be clothed? || 
32 For after all these things do the Gentiles seek : for your heav- | 
enly Father knows that you need all these things. 33 But seek | 
first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness, and all these p 
things shall be given to you in addition. 34 Therefore, be not |j 
anxious about the morrow, for the morrow will have anxieties [f 
of its own. Sufficient for the day is its own evil. {: 

[ 

VII. 1 Judge not, that you may not be judged: 2 for with | 
what judgment you judge, you shall be judged : and with what f 
measure you measure, it shall be measured to you. 3 And why jf 
do you look at the splinter that is in your brother's eye, but per- | 



vn.] MATTHEW. 17 

ceive not the beam that is in your own eye? 4 0r, how will 
you say to your brother, Let me pull out the splinter from your 
eye: and lo, a beam is in your own eye? 5 Hypocrite! first 
pull the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see 
clearly to pull the splinter. out of your brother's eye. 

c Give not that which is holy to dogs, nor throw your pearls 
before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn 
again and tear you. 

7 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and you shall find; 
knock, and it shall be opened to you. 8 For every one that asks, 
receives; and he that seeks, finds; and to him that knocks, it 
shall be opened. 9 What man is there of you, of whom if his 
son ask bread, will he give him a stone? 1P And if he ask a 
fish, will he give him a serpent? u lf then you, being evil, 
know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more 
will your Father who is in .heaven give good things to those 
who ask him? 12 A11 things, therefore, whatever you would that 
men should do to you, even so do you to them : for this is the 
law and the prophets. 

13 Enter in through the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and 
broad is the way, that leads to destruction; and many there 
are that go in through it. 14 How strait is the gate, and how 
narrow the way, that leads to life ! and few there are that 
find it. 

15 But beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's 
clothing, but within are ravenous wolves. 1G By their fruits you 
will know them. Are grapes gathered from thorns, or figs from 
thistles ? 17 So every good tree produces goodly fruit : but an 
unsound tree produces diseased fruit. 18 A good tree can not 
produce diseased fruit ; nor can an unsound tree produce goodly 
fruit. 19 Every tree that does not produce goodly fruit, is cut 
2 



18 MATTHEW. [vm. 

down and thrown into the fire. 20 Therefore, by their fruits you 
shall know them. 

21 Not every one that says to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into 
the kingdom of heaven ; but he that does the will of my Father 
who is in heaven. 22 Many will say. to me in that day, Lord, 
Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name, and in thy name 
cast out demons, and in thy name done many mighty works? 
23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart 
from me, you that work iniquity. 

2i Therefore, whoever hears these words of mine and does 
them, I will liken him to a wise man, who built his house on 
the rock : 25 and the rain descended, and the torrents came, and 
the winds blew, and they beat against that house, and it fell 
not: for it was founded on the rock. 26 And every one that 
hears these words of mine, and does them not, shall be likened 
to a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand. 27 And 
the rain descended, and the torrents came, and the winds blew, 
and beat upon that house, and it fell : and great was its fall. 

28 And it came to pass when Jesus had ended these words, 
that the multitudes were astonished at his teaching: 29 for he 
taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes. 

VIII. *And when he had come down from the mountain, 
many multitudes followed him. 

2 And behold, a leper came and did him homage, saying: 
Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. 3 And Jesus 
stretched out his hand and touched him, saying: I will; be 
clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. *And Jesus 
said to him : See that you tell no one. But go, show yourself 
to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a 
testimony to them. 



vin.] MATTHEW. 19 

5 And when lie entered Capernaum, there came to him a cen- 
turion, beseeching him, 6 and saying: Lord, my servant lies in 
my house, palsied, fearfully afflicted. 7 And Jesus said to him: 
I will go and cure him. 8 And the centurion answering, said: 
Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldst come under my roof; 
but say in a word only, and my servant shall be restored to 
health. 9 For I am a man under authority, having soldiers 
under me; and I say to this one, Go, and he goes; and to an- 
other, Gome, and he comes; and to my servant, Do this, and 
he does it. 10 And when Jesus heard it, he was filled with ad- 
miration, and said to those who followed him: Verily I say to 
you, not even in Israel have I found so great faith. U I also 
say to you, That many shall come from the east and the west, 
and shall recline with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the 
kingdom of heaven; 12 but the sons of the kingdom shall be cast 
into the darkness that is without. There shall be weeping and 
gnashing of teeth. 13 And Jesus said to the centurion : Go, and 
as you have believed, so be it to you. And his servant was 
restored to health in that hour. 

14 And when Jesus had come into Peter's house, he saw his 
mother-in-law lying, and ill of a fever. 15 And he touched her 
hand, and the fever left her : and she arose and ministered to 
him. 

16 When the evening had come, they brought to him many 
that were possessed with demons : and he cast out the spirits 
with his word, and cured all that were sick ; " that the word 
might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, say- 
ing : He himself took our infirmities, and bore our diseases. 

18 But when Jesus saw many multitudes about him, he gave 
orders to depart to the other side. 19 And a certain scribe came 
and said to him : Teacher, I will follow thee wherever thou 



20 MATTHEW. [vm. 

goest. 20 And Jesiis said to him : The foxes have dens, and the 
birds of the air have roosts; but the Son of man has not where 
to lay his head. 21 And another of his disciples said to him : 
Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father. 22 But Jesus 
said to him : Follow me, and let the dead bury their own dead. 

23 And when he had entered the ship, his disciples followed 
him. 24 And behold, there was a great tempest in the sea, so 
that the ship was covered by the waves : but he was asleep. 
25 And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying : Lord, 
save us; we perish. 26 And he said to them: Why are you 
fearful, you of little faith ? Then he arose, and rebuked the 
winds and the sea : and there was a great calm. 2r But the 
men were astonished, and said : What man is this, that even 
the winds and the sea obey him ! 

28 And when he had come to the opposite side, into the coun- 
try of the Gradarenes, there met him two men, coming out of 
the tombs, possessed with demons, very fierce, so that no one 
could pass that way. 29 And behold, they, cried out, saying : 
What have we to do with thee, Jesus, Son of God ? Hast thou 
come hither to torment us before the time ? 30 Now there was, 
at a distance from them, a herd of many swine, feeding. 31 And 
the demons besought him, saying : If thou cast us out, permit 
us to go away into the herd of swine. 32 And he said to them : 
Gro. And when they had come out, they went away into the 
'herd of swine. And behold, the whole herd of swine rushed 
down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. 
33 And those who fed them fled, and went into the city, and told 
every thing, and what had happened to those who had been 
possessed with the demons. 34 And, behold, 'all the city came 
out to meet Jesus. And when they saw him, they besought 
him to depart out of their borders. 



ix.] .MATTHEW. 21 

IX. 1 And he entered the ship, and passed over, and came 
into his own city. 2 And behold, they brought to him a man 
sick of the palsy, lying on a bed. And Jesus, seeing their faith, 
said to the palsied man : Son, be of good courage ; your sins 
are forgiven you. 3 And behold, some of the scribes said within 
themselves : This man talks impiously. 4 And Jesus, perceiv- 
ing their thoughts, said : Why do evil thoughts arise in your 
hearts ? 5 For, which is easier, to say, Your sins are forgiven ; 
or to say, Arise, and walk? 6 But that you may know that 
the Son of man on earth has authority to forgive sins (then he 
said to the palsied man) : Arise, take up your bed, and go to 
your house. T And he arose, and departed to his house. 8 And 
when the multitude saw it, they were astonished, and glorified 
God, who had given such authority to men. 

9 And as Jesus passed by from that place, he saw a man 
named Matthew, sitting at the custom-house ; and he said to 
him : Follow me. And he arose and followed him. 10 And it 
came to pass that, while Jesus was reclining at table in his 
house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and reclined 
at table with him and his disciples. u And when the Pharisees 
saw it, they said to his disciples: Why does your teacher eat 
with publicans and sinners? 12 When Jesus heard it, he said 
to them : Those who are in health have no need of a physician, 
but those who are sick. 13 But go and learn what this means : 
I desire mercy, and not sacrifice. For I came not to call right- 
eous men, but sinners to repentance. 

14 Then came to him the disciples of John, saying : Why do 
we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples fast not? 
15 And Jesus said to them: Can the sons of the bride-chamber 
mourn while the bridegroom is with them ? But the days will 
come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and 
then will they fast. 18 No one puts a patch of new cloth on 



22 MATTHEW. [ix. 

an old garment; for that which is put in to fill it up ; takes 
from the garment, and a worse rent is made. 17 Nor do men 
put new wine into old bottles ; if so, the bottles burst, and the 
wine runs out, and the bottles are lost. But they put new 
wine into new bottles, and both are preserved. 18 While he 
was speaking these things to them, behold, a certain ruler 
came and did him homage, saying : My daughter is already 
dead ; but come, lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. 
19 And Jesus and his disciples arose and followed him. 

20 And behold, a woman that had been diseased with an 
issue of blood for twelve years, came behind him, and touched 
the fringe of his mantle. 21 For she said within herself: If 
I may only touch his mantle, I shall be saved. 22 But Jesus 
turned, and saw her, and said : Daughter, be of good courage ; 
your faith has saved you. And the woman was saved from 
that hour. 23 And when Jesus came into the house of the 
ruler, and saw the minstrels and the multitude making lament- 
ation, M he said to them : Depart ; for the maid is not dead, 
but sleeps. And they derided him. 25 But when the multitude 
had been sent out, he went in, and took the maiden by the 
ha,nd, and she arose. 26 And the fame of this went abroad in 
all that land. 

27 And as Jesus was departing thence, two blind men followed 
him, crying out and saying : Son of David, have mercy on us. 
28 And when he had entered the house, the blind men came to 
him. And Jesus said to them : Do you believe that I am able 
to do this ? They said to him, Yes, Lord. 29 Then he touched 
their eyes, and said : According to your faith, be it to you. 
30 And their eyes were opened ; and Jesus strictly charged them, 
saying: See that no one know it. 31 But they went out and 
spread his fame abroad in all that land. 

32 And as they were going out, behold, they brought to him a 



x.] MATTHEW. 23 



dumb man possessed with a demon. 33 And after the demon had 
been cast out, the dumb man spoke. And the multitudes were 
astonished, and said: Never was it seen thus in Israel. 34 But 
the Pharisees said : He casts out the demons by the prince of 
the demons. 

35 And Jesus went through all the cities and villages, teaching 
in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, 
and curing every disease and every infirmity. 36 And when he 
saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, 
because they were troubled and scattered as sheep that had 
no shepherd. 37 Then he said to his disciples: The harvest is 
abundant, but the laborers are few. 38 Therefore pray the Lord 
of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. 

X. -"-And he called to him his twelve disciples, and gave them 
authority over unclean spirits, so that they might cast them out, 
and care every disease and every infirmity. 

2 Now these are the names of the twelve apostles: the first, 
Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James 
the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip and Bar- 
tholomew, Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son 
of Alpheeus, and Lebbseus, who was surnamed Thaddaeus; 
4 Simon the Oanaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also delivered 
him up. 

5 These twelve Jesus sent forth after he had charged them, 
saying: Go not into the road that leads to the Gentiles, and 
enter not a city of the Samaritans. 6 But go rather to the lost 
sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as you go, preach, saying: 
The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Gure the sick, cleanse the 
lepers, cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give. 
' Provide for yourselves neither gold, nor silver, nor brass, to 



24 MATTHEW. [x. 

* 

put into your purses, 10 nor bag for your journey, nor two coats, 
nor sandals, nor staffs : for the laborer is worthy of his support. 

11 Whatever city or village you enter, inquire who in it is 
worthy, and there make your home till you go away. 12 When 
you go into a house, salute it : 13 and if the house be worthy, 
your peace shall come upon it; but if it be not worthy, your 
peace shall return to you. u And whoever will not receive you, 
nor hear your words, when you go out of that house or that 
city, shake off the dust from your feet. 15 Verily I say to you, 
It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah, 
in the day of judgment, than for that city. 

16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves : 
be, therefore, wise as serpents, and guileless as doves. "But 
beware of men : for they will deliver you to the councils, and 
scourge you in their synagogues; 18 and you will be brought 
before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against 
them and the Gentiles. 1!) But when they deliver you up, be not 
anxious how or what you shall speak; for that which you shall 
speak shall be given you in that hour : ' 20 for it is not you that 
speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father that speaks in you. 
21 Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father the 
child ; and children will rise up against their parents, and cause 
them to be put to death. 22 And you will be hated by all men 
on my account: but he that endures to the end shall be 
saved. 

23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee into another : 
for verily I say to you, You will not have made the circuit of 
the cities of Israel before the- Son of man shall come. 24 The 
disciple is not above his teacher, nor the servant above his mas- 
ter. 25 It is enough for the disciple, that he be as his teacher ; 
and for the servant, that he be as his master. If they call 



x .j MATTHEW. 25 

the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more those of his 
household? 26 Fear them not, therefore; for there is nothing 
covered that shall not be revealed, nor hidden that shall not be 
made known. 27 What I tell you in darkness, speak in the 
light: and what you hear in the ear, preach on the house-tops. 

28 And fear not them that kill the body, but are not able to 
kill the soul. But rather fear him who is able to destroy both 
soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a far- 
thing ? and yet not one of them shall fall upon the ground with- 
out your Father. 30 But even the hairs of your head are all 
numbered. 31 Fear not, therefore : you are of more value than 
many sparrows. 32 Whoever, therefore, will confess me before 
men, him will I also confess before my Father who is in heaven. 
33 But whoever will deny me before men, him will I also deny 
before my Father who is in heaven. 

34 Think not that I have come to send peace on the earth. I 
have not come to send peace, but a sword. s5 For I have come 
to set a man at variance with his father, and the daughter with 
her mother, and the daughter-in-law with her mother-in-law: 

36 and a man's enemies shall be those of his own household. 

37 He that loves father or mother more than me, is not worthy 
of me : and he that loves son or daughter more than me, is not 
worthy of me : 38 and whoever does not take his cross and fol- 
low after me, is not worthy of me. 30 He that finds his life shall 
lose it; and he that loses his life for my sake, shall find it. 
40 He that receives you, receives me : and he that receives me, 
receives him that sent me. 41 He that receives a prophet be- 
cause he is a prophet, shall receive a prophet's reward : and he 
that receives a righteous man because he is a righteous man, 
shall receive a righteous man's reward. 42 And whoever will 
give one of these little ones only a cup of cold water to drink, 



26 MATTHEW. [XL 

because lie is a disciple, verily I say to you, lie shall not lose 
his reward. 



XI. 1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of 
commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach 
and to preach in their cities. 

2 Now when John had heard in the prison of the works of 
the Christ, he sent two of his disciples, 3 and said to him : Art 
fchou he that was to come, or must we look for another? 4 And 
Jesus answered and said to them : Go and tell John what you 
hear and see. 5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame 
walk; the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear; the dead are 
raised, and the poor have the gospel preached to them ; 6 and 
blessed is he that shall find in me no cause of offense. 

7 As these were going away, Jesus began to say to the multi- 
tudes concerning John: What did you go out into the wilder- 
ness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 8 But what did 
you go out to see ? A man clothed in soft raiment ? Behold, 
those who wear soft clothing are in kings' houses. 9 But what 
did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and 
more than a prophet. 10 For this is he of whom it is written: 
Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, who shall prepare 
thy way before thee. n Verily, I say to you, Among those born 
of women, there has not risen a greater than John the Im- 
merser. But the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater 
than he. 

12 From the days of John the Immerser till now, the king- 
dom of heaven is taken by violence, and men of violence seize 
upon it eagerly. 13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied 
till John; H and if you are willing to receive it, he is Elijah 
that was to come. 15 He that has ears to hear, let him hear. 



I XL ] MATTHEW. 27 

j 

16 But to what shall I liken this generation? It is like chil- 
! dren sitting in the markets, and calling to their companions, 
17 and saying : We have played on the pipe for you, and you 
! have not danced; we have wailed for you, and you have not 
lamented. 18 For John came, neither eating nor drinking, and 
they say : He has a demon. 19 The Son of man has come eating 
and drinking, and they say: Behold, a glutton, and a drinker 
of wine, a friend of publicans and sinners. Yet wisdom is vin- 
dicated by her children. 

20 Then he began to reprove the cities in which most of his 
mighty works had been done, because they did not repent. 
21 Alas for thee, Chorazin ! alas for thee, Bethsaida ! for if the 
mighty works which have been done in you had been done in 
Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sack- 
cloth and ashes. 22 But I say to you, It will be more tolerable 
for Tyre and Sidon, in the day of judgment, than for you. 
23 And thou, Capernaum, that hast been exalted to heaven, shalt 
be brought down to hades. For if the mighty works which 
have been clone in thee had been done in Sodom, it would have 
remained till this day. 21 But I say to you, It shall be more 
tolerable for the land of Sodom, in the day of judgment, than 
for thee. 

25 At that time Jesus answered and said : I thank thee, Father, 
Lord of heaven and of earth, because thou hast hid these things 
from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them to babes. 
Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight. 2T A11 
things have been delivered to me by my Father ; and no one 
knows the Son, but the Father; nor does any one know the 
Father, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him. 
^ 8 Come to me, all you that are Aveary, and heavily burdened, 
and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn 



28 M A T T H E W. [xn. 

from, me; for I am meek and lowly in heart; and you shall 
find rest for your souls. 30 Por my yoke is easy, and my bur- 
len is light. 

XII. l At that time Jesus was going, on the Sabbath, through 
the fields of grain; and his disciples were hungry, and began 
to pull the ears of grain, and to eat. 2 But when the Pharisees 
saw it, they said to him : Behold, your disciples are doing what 
it is not lawful to do on the Sabbath. 3 But he said to them ; 
Have you not read what David did, when he and those who 
were with him were hungry? *how he entered the house of 
God, and ate the loaves of the presence, which it was not law- 
ful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but for 
the priests only ? 5 Or, have you not read in the law that on 
the Sabbath-days the priests in the temple profane the Sab- 
bath, and are blameless? G But I say to you, that something 
greater than the temple is here. 7 But if you had known what 
this means I desire mercy, and not sacrifice you would not 
have condemned the blameless. 8 For the Son of man is Lord 
of the Sabbath. 

9 And he departed thence, and went into their synagogue. 
10 And behold, a man was there that had a withered hand. 
And they asked him, saying : Is it lawful to cure on the Sab- 
bath-days? that .they might accuse him. u And he said to 
them : What man shall there be- among you, that shall have 
one sheep, and if this fall into a pit on 'the Sabbath-day, will 
he not lay hold on it and lift it out? 12 How much better, 
then, is a man than a sheep ! So it is lawful to do well on the 
Sabbath-days. 13 Then he said to the man: Stretch forth your 
hand. And he stretched it forth ; and it was restored to sound- 
ness, like the other. 14 But the Pharisees went out and took 



XIL] MATTHEW. 29 

counsel against him, that they might destroy him. 15 But Jesus 
perceived it, and withdrew from that place. And many multi- 
tudes followed him, and he cured them all. 1G And he charged 
them not to make him known; 17 that the word might be ful- 
filled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: "Be- 
hold, my servant whom I have chosen ; my beloved, in whom 
my soul delights. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he shall 
declare law to the Gentiles. 19 He shall not contend, nor cry 
out; nor shall any one hear his voice in the streets. 20 A 
bruised reed he shall not break, and a smoking wick he shall 
not extinguish, till he shall send forth his law for conquest. 
- 21 Aud in his name shall the Gentiles trust. 

22 Then was brought to him a demoniac, blind and dumb : 
and he cured him, so that the blind and dumb man both spoke 
and saw. 23 And all the people were amazed, and said: Is not 
this the son of David? 24 But the Pharisees, when they heard 
it, said: This man does not cast out the demons, unless by 
Beelzebul, the prince of the demons. 25 But Jesus, knowing 
their thoughts, said to them : Every kingdom divided against 
itself is brought to desolation. And no city or house divided 
against itself shall stand. 26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is 
divided against himself; how then shall his kingdom stand? 
27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons 
cast them out? For this reason, they shall be your judges. 

But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the king- 
dom of God has already come upon you. 29 0r, how can auy 
one enter the house of the strong man and spoil his goods, un- 
less he first bind the strong man? and then he will plunder his 
house. 30 He that is not with me, is against me ; and . he that 
gathers not with me, scatters. 

Therefore I say to you, That every sin and impious speech 



30 MATTHEW. [xn. 



be forgiven men : but the impious speech against the 
Spirit shall not be forgiven men. 32 And whoever shall speak a 
word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him : but 
whoever shall speak against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be for- 
given him, either in the present age, or in that which is to 
come. 33 Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or 
make the tree unsoiind, and its fruit unsound. For by the fruit 
the tree is known. 34 Generation of vipers, how can you, being 
evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the 
heart, the mouth speaks. 35 The good man, out of his good 
treasury, brings forth good things ; and the evil man, out of his 
evil treasury, brings forth evil things. 36 But I say to you, That 
for every idle word which men speak, they shall give account 
in the day of judgment. 37 For by your words you shall be 
justified, and by your words you shall be condemned. 

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered and said : 
Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you. 39 But he answered 
and said to them: A wicked and adulterous generation seeks 
for a sign; and no sign shall be given to it, but the sign of 
Jonah the prophet. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three 
nights in the belly of the great fish, so shall the Son of man be 
three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The 
men of Nineveh shall rise in the judgment with this generation, 
and condemn it; for they repented in accordance with the preach- 
ing of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here. 
42 The queen of the south shall. rise in the judgment with this 
generation, and shall condemn it ; for she came from the most 
distant parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and 
behold, something greater than Solomon is here. 

43 When the unclean spirit has gone out of a man, he goes 
through dry places seeking rest, and finds none. "Then he 



XIIL] MATTHEW, 31 

says : I will return to my house, out of which I came. And he 
comes and finds it empty, swept, and set in order. 45 Theu he 
goes and takes with himself seven other spirits more wicked 
than himself; and they enter in and dwell there. And the last 
state of that man is worse than the first. So shall it be with 
this wicked generation. 

46 While -he was yet speaking to the multitudes, behold, his 
mother and his brothers stood without, desiring to speak to 
him. 47 And some one said to him : Behold, your mother and 
your brothers stand without, desiring to speak to you. 48 But he 
answered and said to him that told him : Who is my mother ? 
and who are my brothers? 49 And he stretched out his hand 
toward his disciples, and said : Behold my mother and my 
brothers, 50 or whoever will do the will of my Father who is 
in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. 

XIIL -"^On that day Jesus went out of the house, and sat by 
the sea. 2 And many multitudes came together to him, so that 
he went into a ship and sat ; and the whole multitude stood on 
the shore. 

3 And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying: 
Behold, the sower went out to sow. 4 And as he sowed, some 
seeds fell by the way: and the birds came and ate them up. 

Others fell on stony places, where they had not much earth; 
and they immediately sprung up, because they had no depth of 
earth. 6 But when the sun was up, they were scorched; and 
because they had no root, they withered away. 7 Others fell 
among thorns, and the thorns sprung up and choked them. 

Others fell upon good ground, and brought forth fruit, some a 
hundred, some rfixty. SCIM thirty. 9 He that has ears to hear, 
let him hear. 



32 MATTHEW. [xm. 

10 And the disciples came and said to him : Why dost thou 
speak to them in parables? u He answered, and said to them: 
Because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the king- 
dom of heaven; but to them it is not given. 12 For whoever 
has, to him shall be given, and he shall have abundance; but 
whoever has not, even that which he has shall be taken from 
him. 13 For this reason I speak to them in parables; because 
when they see, they see not; and when they hear, they hear 
not, nor do they understand. 14 And in them is fulfilled the 
prophesy of Isaiah, which says :' You shall surely hear, and you 
will not understand ; and you shall surely see, and you will not 
perceive. 15 For the heart of this people .has become fat; and 
with their ears they hear heavily; and their eyes they have 
closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with 
their ears, and understand with their heart, and should turn to 
me, and I should give them health. 16 But blessed are your 
eyes, for they see ; and your ears, for they hear. 17 For verily 
I say to you, Many prophets and righteous men desired to see 
what you see, and did not see; and to hear what you hear, and 
did not hear. 

18 Hear you, therefore, the parable of the sower. 19 When 
any one hears the word of the kingdom, and understands it 
not, the wicked one comes and catches away that which was 
sown in his heart. This is he that received seed by the way- 
side. 20 He that received seed on the stony places is he that 
hears the word, and immediately receives it with joy. 21 Tet 
he has no root . in himself, but endures for a while ; and when 
affliction or persecution arises on account of the word, he im- 
mediately takes offense. 22 He that received seed among the 
thorns, is he that hears the word; and the cares of this age, 
and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it becomes 



XIIL] MATTHEW. . 33 

unfruitful. 23 But he that received seed on the good ground, is 
he that hears the word and understands it; "who also produces 
fruit, and yields, one a hundred ; another, sixty ; another, thirty. 

24 Another parable he laid before them, saying : The kingdom 
of heaven is likened to a man that sowed good seed in his field. 
25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among 
the wheat, and went away. 2G But when the blade sprung up, 
and produced fruit, then appeared the tares also. 27 And the 
servants of the master of the house came, and said to hini, 
Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? Whence, then, 
has it tares ? 28 He said to them, An enemy has done this. 
The servants said to 'him, Is it your will, then, that we go and 
gather them up ? 29 But he said, No ; lest while you are gath- 
ering the tares, you root up the wheat with them. 30 Let both 
grow together till the harvest, and in time of harvest I wiL 
say to the reapers, Collect first the tares, and bind them into 
bundles to burn them; but gather the wheat into my granary. 

31 Another parable he laid before them, saying: The kingdom 
of heaven is like a grain of mustard, that a man took and 
sowed in his field. 32 It is, indeed, the least of all seeds; but 
when it is grown it is the largest of garden : plants, and be- 
comes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and roost in its 
branches. 

3l! He spoke another parable to them : The kingdom of heaven 
is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures 
of flour, till the whole was leavened. 

34 All these things Jesus spoke to the multitudes in parables, 
and without a parable he did not speak to them ; 35 that the 
word might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, say- 
ing : I will open my mouth in parables ; I will utter things 
that have been kept secret from the foundation of the world. 
3 



34 MATTHEW. [xm. 

36 Then Jesus left the multitudes, and went into the house. 
And his disciples came to him and said: Explain to us the 
parable of the tares of the field. 37 He answered and said to 
them : He that sows the good seed is the Son of man ; 38 the 
field is the world; the good seed are the sons of the kingdom; 
the tares are the sons of the Wicked One; 39 the enemy that 
sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the age; 
and the reapers are angels. '"'As, therefore, the tares are col- 
lected and burned in fire, so shall it be in the end of this age. 
41 The Son of man will send forth his angels, and collect out 
of his kingdom all things that offend, and those who work in- 
iquity, 42 and cast them into the furnace of fire; there shall be 
weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then shall the righteous 
shine forth as the sun, in the kingdom of their Father. He 
that has ears to hear, let him hear. 

44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a treasure hid in a 
field, which, when a man finds it, he hides ; and for the joy it 
gives, he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field. 

45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking 
goodly pearls. 46 When he finds one pearl of great value, he 
goes and sells all that he has, and buys it. 

47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that is cast into 
the sea, and that gathers of every kind : 48 when it is full, they 
draw it to the shore; and sitting down, they collect the good 
into vessels, but throw the bad away. 49 So shall it be in the 
end of the age : the angels shall come forth and separate the 
wicked from among the just, 50 and cast them into the furnace 
of fire : there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 

51 Jesus said to them : Have you understood all these things ? 
They said to him : Yes, Lord. 52 He said to them : Therefore, 
every scribe that is trained for the kingdom of heaven, is like 



xiv.] MATTHEW. 35 

the master of a house, who brings out of his treasury things 
new and old. 

53 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these para- 
bles, he departed from that place. 54 And he came into his own. 
country, and taught them in their synagogue, so that they were 
astonished, and said: Whence has this man this wisdom, and 
these mighty works? 55 Is not this the son of the carpenter? 
Is not his mother called Mary? and his brothers, James and 
Joses and Simon and Judas? 56 And his sisters, are they not 
all with us? Whence, then, has this man all these things? 
57 And they found in him occasion for offense. But Jesus said 
to them: A prophet is not without honor, unless it be in his 
own country and in his own house. 58 And he did not many 
mighty works there, on account of their unbelief. 

XIV. *At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of 
Jesus; 2 and he said to his servants : This is John the Immerser; 
he has risen from the dead; and for this reason the powers of 
the spiritual world are active within him. 

3 For Herod had laid hold of John, and bound him, and put 
him in prison on account of Herodias, the wife of his brother 
Philip. *For John said to him: It is not lawful for you to 
have her. 5 And he intended to put him to death, but feared 
the multitude, because they regarded him as a prophet. 6 But 
when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias 
danced in the midst, and pleased Herod. 7 Wherefore he prom- 
ised, with an oath, to give her whatever she would ask. 8 And 
being previously instigated by her mother, she said : Give me 
here in a dish the head of John the Immerser ? 9 And the king 
was grieved : but on account of his oath, and those who reclined 
at table with him, he commanded it to be given. 10 And he 



36 MATTHEW. [xiv. 

sent and beheaded John in the prison. "And his head was 
brought in a dish, and given to the maiden : and she carried it 
to her mother. 12 And his disciples came and took away the 
body, and buried it; and went and told Jesus. 

13 And when Jesus heard of it, he withdrew from that place, 
by ship, into a desert place apart: and the multitudes, when 
they heard of his departure, followed him, on foot, from the 
cities. 

14 And when Jesus came out, he saw a great multitude, and 
was moved with compassion for them, and cured their sick. 

15 And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, and 
said: This is a desert place, and the hour is now past; send 
the multitudes away, that they may go into the villages, and 
buy themselves food. 16 But Jesus said to them : They need not 
go away; do you give them food. "They said to him: We 
have here but five loaves and two fishes. 18 He said : Bring 
them hither to me. 19 And he commanded the multitudes to 
recline upon the grass : and he took the five loaves and the two 
fishes, and looked up to heaven, and blessed, and broke, and 
gave the bread to the disciples, and the disciples gave it to the 
multitudes, 20 And they all ate and were satisfied. And they 
took up what remained of the broken pieces, twelve baskets 
full. 21 And they that had eaten were about five thousand 
men, besides women and children. 

22 And he immediately constrained his disciples to get into the 
ship, and go before him to the opposite side, while he sent the 
multitudes away. K And when he had sent the multitudes away, 
he' went up into the mountain apart to pray. And when even- 
ing came, he was there alone. 24 But the ship was now in the 
midst of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was against 
them. 



xv.] MATTHEW. 37 

25 And in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, 
walking on the sea. 26 And when the disciples saw him walking 
on the sea, they were alarmed, and said : It is a specter ! and 
they cried out for fear. 27 But Jesus immediately spoke to 
them, and said: Take courage; it is I; be not afraid. 28 And 
Peter answered him, and said : Lord, if it be thou, bid me come 
to thee on the water. 29 And he said : Come. And Peter went 
clown from the ship, and walked upon the water to go to Jesus. 
30 But when he saw the wind strong, he was afraid; and begin- 
ning to sink, he cried out, saying : Lord, save me. 31 And 
Jesus immediately stretched out his hand, and took hold of 
him, and said to him : you of little faith, why did you doubt? 
32 And when they had entered the ship, the wind ceased. 33 And 
they that were in the ship came and worshiped him, saying: 
Truly, thou art the Son of God. 

34 And when they had passed over, they came into the land 
of Gennesaret. 35 And when the men of that place had knowl- 
edge of him, they sent out into all the neighboring country, 
and brought to him all that were sick; 36 and besought him 
that they might only touch the fringe of his mantle; and as 
many as touched were perfectly saved. 

XV. lr Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees that were 
of Jerusalem, saying: 2 Why do your' disciples transgress the 
tradition of the elders ? for they do not wash their hands when 
they eat bread. 3 But he answered and said to them : And why 
do you transgress the commandment of God for the sake of 
your tradition? 4 For God commanded, saying, Honor your 
father and your mother; and, He that curses father or mother 
shall surely be put to death. 5 But you say, Whoever shall 
say to his father or his mother, Whatever of mine might profit 



38 MATTHEW. [xv. 

you, is a gift, lie must in no way honor his father or his 
mother; 6 and you make the commandment of God of no effect 
for the sake of your tradition. 7 Hypocrites ! well did Isaiah 
prophesy of you, saying, 8 This people draws near to me with 
their mouth, and honors me with their lips; but their heart is 
far from me. 9 But in vain do they worship me, teaching pre- 
cepts, the commandments of men. 

10 And he called the multitude to him, and said to them : 
Hear and understand ; u That which enters the mouth does not 
defile the man; but that which comes out of the mouth, this 
defiles the man. 

12 Then came his disciples and said to him : Dost thou know 
that the Pharisees, when they heard that saying, were offended ? 
13 But he answered and said: Every plant that my heavenly 
Father has not planted, shall be rooted up. 14 Let them alone; 
they are blind leaders of the blind ; and if the blind lead the 
blind, both will fall into the pit. 15 But Peter answered and 
said to him : Explain to us this dark saying. 16 Jesus replied : 
Are you also yet without understanding? 17 Do you not yet 
understand that whatever enters the mouth passes into the 
belly, and is cast out into the sink? 18 But those things which 
go out from the mouth, come from the heart; and these defile 
the man. 19 For from the heart come evil reasonings, mur- 
ders, adulteries, lewd conduct, thefts, false testimonies, impious 
words. 20 These are the things that defile the man. But to eat 
with unwashed hands does not defile the man. 

21 And Jesus went out thence, and withdrew into the re- 
gions of Tyre and Sidon. 22 And behold, a woman of Chanaan 
came out from those borders, and cried to him, saying : Have 
mercy on me, Lord, son of David ; my daughter is grievously 
vexed with a demon. 23 But he answered her not a word. Anu 



xv.] MATTHEW. 39 

his disciples came and besought him, saying : Send her away/, 
for she cries after us. 24 But he answered and said : I am not 
sent but to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 25 But she 
came and did him homage, saying: Lord, help me. 26 He an- 
swered and said : It is not good to take the children's bread, 
and throw it to the little dogs. 2r She replied : Yes, Lord ; and 
yet tliou canst help me; for the little dogs eat of the crumbs 
which fall from the table of their masters. 28 Then Jesus an- 
swered and said to her : woman, great is your faith ; be it 
to you as you desire. And her daughter was restored to health 
from that hour. 

29 And Jesus departed thence, and came near the sea of Gali- 
lee, and went up into the mountain, and sat there. 30 And 
many multitudes came to him, having with them the lame, the 
blind, the deaf, the maimed, and many others ; and laid them at 
the feet of Jesus, and he cured them; 31 so that the multitudes 
were astonished, when they saw the dumb speaking, the maimed 
whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glori- 
fied the God of Israel. 

32 Then Jesus called his disciples to him, and said: I have 
compassion on the multitude, because they have been with me 
now three days, and have nothing to eat. And I am not will- 
ing to send them away fasting, lest they faint on the road. 
33 And his disciples said to him : Whence should we have in the 
desert as many loaves as would satisfy so great a multitude? 
rf4 And Jesus said to them: How many loaves have you? They 
said : Seven, and a few little fishes. 35 And lie commanded the 
multitude to recline on the ground. 36 And he took the seven 
loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and broke, and gave 
thorn to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the mul- 
titude. 37 And they all ate and were satisfied; a,nd they took 



40 MATTHEW. [xvi. 

up what remained of the broken pieces, seven baskets full, 
38 And those who ate were four thousand men, besides women 
and children. 39 And he sent the multitudes away, and entered 
the ship, and went into the borders of Magdala. 

XVI. *And the Pharisees and Sadducees came to tempt him, 
and asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 2 But he 
answered and said to them : When it is evening, you say, Pair 
weather; for the sky is red. 3 And in the morning, A storm 
to-day; for the sky is red and lowering. Hypocrites! you 
know how to judge of the face of the sky; but you can not 
iudee of the signs of the times. *A wicked and adulterous 

</ <-j c_j 

generation seeks for a sign; and no sign shall be given it but 
the sigu of Jonah the prophet. And he left them and departed. 

5 And his disciples came to the other side, and had forgotten 
to take bread. G And 'Jesus said to them: Take heed and be- 
ware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees. 7 And they 
reasoned among themselves, saying : It is because we took no 
bread. 8 And Jesus perceiving it, said to them: you of 
little faith! why are you reasoning among yourselves because 
you took no bread ? Do you not yet understand, nor re- 
member the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many 
baskets you took up? 10 -Nor the seven loaves of the four 
thousand, and how many baskets you took up? n How is it 
that you do not understand, that I did not speak of bread 
when I commanded you to beware of the leaven of the Phari- 
sees and. of the Sadducees? 12 Then they understood that he 
did not bid them beware of the leaven of bread, but of the 
teaching of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. 

13 When Jesus came into the regions of Csesarea Philippi, he 
asked his disciples, saying : Who do men say that I, the Son of 



xvi.] MATTHEW. 41 

man, am ? 14 They replied : Some say that thou art John' the 
Immerser; others, Elijah; others, Jeremiah, or one of the 
prophets. 15 He said to them: But who say you that I am? 
16 Simon Peter answered and said : Thou art the Christ, the Son 
of the living God. "And Jesus answered and said to him: 
Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah ; for flesh and blood did 
not reveal this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 18 And 
I say to you, That you are Peter, and on this rock I will build 
my church : and the gates of hades shall not prevail against 
it. 19 And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of 
heaven ; and whatever you shall bind on earth, shall be bound 
in heaven ; and whatever you shall loose on earth, shall be 
loosed in 'heaven. 20 Then he charged his disciples to tell no 
one that he was the Christ. 

21 From that time Jesus began to tell his disciples plainly, 
that he must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the 
elders, and the chief priests, and the scribes, and be put to 
death, and be raised again the third day. 22 And Peter took 
him and began to rebuke him, saying: Be it far from thee, 
Lord: this shall not be to thee. ^But he turned and said to 
Peter : Get behind me, adversary ; you are a snare to me : for 
you are not thinking of the things of God, but of the things 
of men. 

24 Then Jesus said to his disciples : If any one determines to 
come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and 
follow me. ^ For whoever will save his life, shall lose it. But 
whoever will lose his life for my sake, shall find it. 26 For what 
is a man profited, if he gain the whole world, but lose his own 
life ? Or, what will a man give as the ransom of his life ? 2T For 
the Son of man will come in the glory of his Father, with his 
angels ; and then he will reward every one according to his 



42 MATTHEW. [xvn. 

deeds. 28 Verily I say to you, There are some standing here 
that shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man com- 
ing in his kingdom. 

XVII. *And after six days, Jesus took with him Peter and 
James and John his brother, and led them up into a high 
mountain apart : 2 and he was transfigured before them : and 
his face did shine as the sun, and his clothing was white as the 
light. 3 And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, 
talking with him. 4 And Peter answered and said to Jesus: 
Lord, it is good for us to be here; if thou wilt, let us make 
here three tents, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for 
Elijah. 5 While he was yet speaking, behold, a bright cloud 
overshadowed them; and lo, a voice from the cloud, saying: 
This is my beloved Son, in whom I delight; hear him. 6 And 
when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces, and were 
greatly afraid. 7 And Jesus came and touched them, and said : 
Arise and be not afraid. s And when they lifted up their eyes, 
they saw no one but Jesus. 

9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged 
them, saying : Tell the vision to no one, till the Son of man has 
risen from the dead. 10 And his disciples asked him, saying : 
Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first? 
11 Jesus answered and said to them: Elijah, indeed, comes first, 
and he will restore all things. 12 But I say to you, That Elijah 
has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to 
him what they wished; so also shall the Son of man suffer at 
their hands. 13 Then the disciples understood that he spoke to 
them of John the Immerser. 

14 And when they had come to the multitude, there came to 
him a man who knelt to him, 15 and said : Lord, have mercy on 



xvn.] MATTHEW. 43 

my son; for lie is a lunatic, and suffers grievously; for lie 
often falls into the fire, and often into the water. 16 And I 
brought him to thy disciples, and they were not able to cure 
him. 17 Jesus answered and said : faithless and perverse gen- 
eration, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I bear 
with you ? Bring him hither to me. 18 And Jesus rebuked the 
demon, and he came out of him : and the child was cured from 
that hour. 

19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately, and said : Why 
were we not able to cast him out? 20 And Jesus said to them: 
Because of your unbelief. For verily I say to you, If you have 
faith like a grain of mustard-seed, you shall say to this mount- 
ain, Be removed from this place to that, and it shall be re- 
moved : and nothing shall be impossible for you. 21 But this 
kind does not go out but by prayer and fasting. 

22 And as they were making their journey in Galilee, Jesus 
said to them : The Son of man is about to be delivered into the 
hands of men ; ^ and they will kill him, and on the third day 
he will be raised again. And they were very sad. 

24 And when they had come into Capernaum, those who col- 
lected the didrachma came to Peter, and said : Does not your 
teacher pay the didrachma ? 25 He said : Yes. And when he 
had come into the house, before he had spoken, Jesus said to 
him : What think you, Simon ? From whom do the kings of 
the earth collect tax or tribute ? From their own sons, or from 
the sons of others ? 2G Peter said to him : From the sons of 
others. Jesus said to him : Then are their own sons free. 
27 But that we may give them no offense, go to the sea, and 
throw in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first; and 
when you have opened his mouth, you will find a stater; take 
that, and give to them for me and you. 



44 MATTHEW. [XVIIL 

XVIII. 1 At that hour the disciples came to Jesus, and said: 
Who then is greatest in the kingdom of heaven? 2 And Jesus 
called a little child to him, and placed him in the midst of 
them, 3 and said : Verily I say to you, Unless you turn and 
become as little children, you can not enter the kingdom of 
heaven. 4 Whoever, therefore, humbles himself as this little 
child, is greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 5 And whoever 
receives one such little child on my account, receives me ; 6 but 
whoever ensnares one of these little ones that believe in me, it 
were better for him that a millstone were hung about his neck, 
and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea. 

7 Alas for the world because of snares! for it is necessary that 
snares come : but alas for that man by whom the snare comes ! 
s If, then, your hand or your foot ensnares you, cut it off, and 
throw it from you. It is better for you to enter into life lame 
or maimed, than, having two hands or two feet, to be thrown 
into the eternal fire. 9 And if your eye ensnares you, pull it 
out, and throw it from you. It is better to enter into life with 
one eye, than, having two eyes, to be thrown into hell-fire. 

10 Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones : 
for I say to you, That their angels in heaven do always behold 
the face of my Father who is in heaven. n For the Son of 
man has come to save that which is lost. 12 What think you? 
If a man have a hundred sheep, and one of them go astray, 
does he not leave the ninety-nine, and go into the mountains, 
and seek for that which has gone astray ? 13 And if it so be 
that he find it, verily I say to you, he rejoices over it more 
than over the ninety- nine that did not go astray. 14 Even so, 
it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven, that one of 
these little ones should be lost. 

15 And if your brother sin against you, go and tell him of his 



XVIIL] MATTHE.W. 45 

fault between you and him alone; if lie hear you, you "have 
gained your brother. 10 But if he will not hear you, take with 
you one or two more, that, by the mouth of two or three wit- 
nesses, every word may be established. 17 But if he refuse to 
hear them, tell it to the church; and if he also refuse to hear 
the church, let him be to you as a heathen man and a pub- 
lican. 

18 Verily, I say to you, my disciples, Whatever you bind on 
earth, shall be bound in heaven ; and whatever you loose on 
earth, shall be loosed in heaven. 19 Again, I say to you, that, 
if two of yoxi agree on earth about any thing for which they 
will ask, it shall be . done for them by my Father who is in 
heaven. 20 For where there are two or three that have come 
together for my sake, there I am in the midst of .them. 

21 Then Peter came to him, and said : Lord, how often shall 
my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Till seven 
times ? 22 Jesus said to him : I say to you, Not till seven times, 
but till seventy times seven. 23 For this reason, the kingdom 
of heaven is likened to a king that wished to settle accounts 
with his servants. 21 And when he began to make a settle- 
ment, there was brought to him one that owed him ten thou- 
sand talents. 25 But as he was not able to pay, his lord 
commanded him, and his wife, and children, and all that he 
had, to be sold, and payment to be made. 26 Therefore, the 
servant fell down and besought him, saying, Have patience 
with me, Lord, and I will pay you all. 27 Aiid the lord of that 
servant was moved with compassion, and let him go, and for- 
gave him the debt. 

28 But that servant went out, and found one of his fellow- 
servants, who owed him . a hundred denarii ; and he laid hold 
of him, and took him by the throat, saying : Pay me what you 



46 MATTHEW. [six, 

owe. 29 Then his fellow-servant fell down at his feet, and be- 
sought him, saying: Have patience with me, and I will pay 
you all. 30 And he would not; but went and threw him into 
prison, till he should pay the debt. 31 When his fellow-servants 
saw what was done, they were very sad, and went and made 
known to their lord all that was done. 32 Then his lord called 
him and said to him: Wicked servant! I forgave you all that 
debt, because you besought me. 3S Ought you not to have had 
mercy on your fellow -servant, even as I had mercy on you? 
34 And his lord was angry, and delivered him to the jailers, till 
he should pay all that was due him. 35 So also will my heav- 
enly Father do to you, if, from your hearts, you forgive not 
every one his brother's offenses. 

XIX. 1 And it came to pass when Jesus had finished these 
discourses, that he departed from Galilee, and came into the 
borders of Judea, beyond the Jordan. 2 And many multitudes 
followed him; and he cured them there. 

3 And the Pharisees came to him to tempt him, and said to 
him : Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every 
cause ? 4 He answered and said to them : Have you not read 
that the Creator, at the beginning, created them male and fe- 
male, 5 and said, For this cause shall a man leave his father 
and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and the two shall 
be one flesh ? 6 So then, they are no longer two, but one flesh. 
Therefore, what God has joined together, let not man put 
asunder. 

7 They said to him : Why, then, did Moses command us to 
give a bill of divorce and put her away? 8 He said to them: 
Moses, on account of the hardness of your hearts, permitted 
you to put away your wives; but from the beginning it was 



xix,] MATTHEW. 47 

not so. 9 But I say to you, That whoever puts away his wife, 
unless for lewdness, and marries another, commits adultery; 
and he that marries her that is put away, commits adultery. 

10 His disciples said to him : If the relation of man and wife 
be such, it is not good to marry. n But he said to them : All 
can not accept this saying; only those to whom it is given. 
12 For there are eunuchs that were born such from their 
mother's womb ; and there are eunuchs that have been made 
eunuchs by men ; and there are eunuchs that have made them- 
selves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Let 
him accept it that is able to accept it. 

13 Then little children were brought to him, that he might 
lay his hands on them and pray. And the disciples rebuked 
them. 14 But Jesus said: Let the little children come to me, 
and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. 
16 And he laid his hands on them, and departed from that 
place. 

16 And behold, one came and said to him: Good teacher, what 
good thing must I do that I may have eternal life? He said 
to him : 17 Why do you call me good ? There is none good but 
one, that is God. But if you desire to enter into life, keep the 
commandments. 18 He said to him: Which? Jesus replied: 
You shall not kill; You shall not commit adultery; You shall 
not steal; You shall not give false testimony; 19 Honor your 
father and your mother ; and, You shall love your neighbor as 
yourself. 20 The young man said to him : All these have I kept 
from my youth, what do I lack ? 21 Jesus said to him : If you 
would be perfect, go, sell your possessions, and give to the 
poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven ; and come, follow 
me. 22 When the young man heard that saying, he went away 
grieved; for he had great possessions. 

23 Jesus said to his disciples : Verily I say to you, A rich man 



48 MAT T-H E W. [xx. 



will with difficulty enter. into the kingdom of heaven. 
again I say to you : It is easier for a camel to go through the 
eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the king- 
dom of God. ^When the disciples heard it, they were greatly 
amazed, and said : Who, then, can be saved ? 26 But Jesus 
looked on them, and said to them : With men, this is impos- 
sible; but with God, all things are possible. 

27 Then Peter answered and said to him: Behold, we have 
left all and followed thee; what, then, shall we have? 28 Jesus 
said to them: Verily I say to you, That, in the restoration, 
when the Son of man shall sit on his glorious throne, you also 
who have followed me shall sit on twelve thrones, judging the 
twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And every one that has left houses, 
or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or chil- 
dren, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive a hundred- 
fold, and shall inherit eternal life. But many that are first 
shall be last ; and the last first. 

XX. l For the kingdom of heaven is like the master of a 
house, who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for 
his vineyard. 2 And when he had agreed with the laborers for 
a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 And he 
went out about the third hour, and saw others standing in the 
market, idle ; * and he said to them : Go you also into my vine- 
yard, and whatever is right I will give you. 5 And they went. 
Again he went out about the sixth, and about the ninth hour, 
and did in like manner. 6 And about the eleventh hour he 
went out, and found others standing idle, and said to them, 
Why do you stand here all the day idle ? 7 They said to him : 
No man has hired us. He said to them : Go you also into the 
vineyard, and whatever is right you shall receive. 

8 When the evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to 



MATTHEW. 49 

his steward : Call the laborers, and, beginning with the last, pay 
them their hire even to the first. 9 And when those came who 
had been hired about the eleventh hour, they received each, 
one a denarius. 10 But when those came who had been hired 
first, they thought that they would receive more ; and they re- 
ceived each one a denarius. "And when they received it, they 
murmured against the master of the house, 12 saying : These 
last have worked one hour, and you have made them equal to 
us, who have borne the burden of the day, and the heat. 13 But 
he answered and said to one of them : Friend, I do you no in- 
justice; did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take 
what is yours, and go; I will give to this last even as to you. 
15 Is it not allowed me to do what I will with my own ? Or, 
is your eye envious, because I am good? 16 So the last shall 
be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few are 
chosen. 

17 And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the 
twelve disciples aside on his journey, and said to them: 18 Be- 
hold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man shall 
be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will 
condemn him to death, 19 and will deliver him to the Gentiles 
to deride, and to scourge, and to crucify: and on the third day 
he shall rise again. 

20 Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with 
her sons, bowing down, and asking something of him. 21 He 
said to her : What do you wish ? She said to him : Command 
that these two sons of mine may sit, the one on thy right hand, 
and the other on thy left, in thy kingdom. 22 But Jesus an- 
swered and said : You know not what you ask. Are you able 
to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and to be immersed 
with the immersion with which I am immersed ? They said to 
4 



50 MATTHEW. [XXL 

him: We are able. Z3 And lie said to them: You shall drink 
my cup, and be immersed with the immersion with which I am 
immersed: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not 
mine to give; but it shall he given to them for whom it has 
been prepared by my Father. 

24 And when the ten heard it, their anger was aroused against 
the two brothers. 25 But Jesus called them to him, and said : 
You know that the rulers of the Gentiles act as lords over them, 
and their great men have authority over them. 26 It shall not 
: be so among you. But whoever will be great among you, let 
him be your minister. 27 And whoever will be first among you, 
let him be your servant; 28 even as the Son of man came, not 
to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a 
ransom for many. 

29 And as they went out from Jericho, a great multitude fol- 
lowed him. 30 And behold, two blind men, sitting by the road, 
when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out, saying: 
Have mercy on us, Lord, son of David. 31 And the multitude 
charged them to be silent. But they cried the more, saying : 
Have mercy on us, Lord, son of David. 32 And Jesus stood 
still, and called them, and said : What do you wish me to do for 
you ? 33 They said to him : Lord, that our eyes may be opened. 
34 Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes ; and 
their eyes immediately received sight, and they followed him. 



XXI. * And when they drew near to Jerusalem, and had come 
to Bethphage, to the mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two dis- 
ciples, 2 saying to them : Go into the village opposite to you, and 
immediately you will find an ass tied, and a colt with her : loose 
them, and bring them to me. 3 And if any one say any thing 
to you, you shall reply : The Lord has need of them : and he 



xxi.] MATTHEW. 51 

will immediately send them. *A11 this was done, that the word 
might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: 
5 Say you to the daughter of Zion, Behold, your king comes 
to you, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of 
an ass. 

6 And the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them; 
7 and brought the ass and the colt, and put their mantles on 
them, and caused him to sit upon them. 8 And a very great 
multitude spread their mantles in the road: and others cut 
branches from the trees, and spread them in the road. 9 And 
the multitudes that went before, and that followed after, cried, 
saying: Hosanna to the son of David. Blessed is he that 
comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest. 

10 And when he entered Jerusalem, all the city was moved, 
and said: Who is this? "And the multitude said: This is 
Jesus the prophet, that is from Nazareth of Galilee. 

12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and drove out all 
that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of 
the money-changers, and the seats of those who sold doves, 

13 and said to them : It is written, My house shall be called a 
house of prayer; but you have made it a den of robbers. 

14 And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and 
he cured them. 15 But when the chief priests and the scribes 
saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying 
in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the son of David, their 
anger was aroused, 16 and they said to him : Do you not hear 
what these say? And Jesus said to them: Yes; have you 
never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast 
perfected praise ? v And he left them, and went out of the city 
to Bethany, and there spent the night. 

18 Now in the morning, as he was returning to the city, he 



52 MATTHEW. [xxi. 

was hungry : 19 and seeing a fig-tree on the road, he went to it, 
and found nothing on it but leaves ; and he said to it : Let no 
fruit grow on you henceforth forever. And the fig-tree imme- 
diately withered. 20 Aud when the disciples saw it, they were 
astonished, and said : How soon has the fig-tree withered ! 

21 Jesus answered and said to them : Verily I say to you, If 
you have faith, and doubt not, you shall do, not only what is 
done to the fig-tree, but even if you shall say to this mountain, 
Be taken up, and be thrown into the sea, it shall be done. 

22 And all things that you ask for in prayer, believing, you shall 
receive. 

23 And after he had come into the temple, the chief priests 
and elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and 
said : By what authority do you these things ? And who gave 
you this authority? M Jesus answered and said to them: I 
also will ask you one thing, which if you will tell me, I also 
will tell you by what authority I do these things. 25 The im- 
mersion of John, whence was it ? from heaven, or from men ? 
But they reasoned among themselves, and said, If we reply, 
From heaven, he will say to us, Why then did you not believe 
him ? 2G But if we reply, From men, we fear the multitude ; for 
all regard John as a prophet. 27 And they answered and said 
to Jesus : We know not. And he said to them : Neither do I 
tell you by what authority I do these things. 

28 But what think you? A man had two sons; and he went 
to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day in my vineyard. 
29 He answered and said, I will not. But he afterward regretted 
it, and went. 30 And he came to the other, and spoke to him 
in like manner. And he answered and said, I go, sir; and 
went not. 31 Which of the two did the will of his father? 
They said to him, The first. Jesus said to them : Verily I say 



xxi.] MATTHEW. 53 

to you, Tlie publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of 
God before you. 32 For John came to you in the way of right- 
eousness, and you believed him not. But the publicans and the 
harlots believed him. And you, when you had seen it, after- 
ward felt no regret, that you might believe him. 

33 Hear another parable : There was a master of a house who 
planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it, and digged in 
it a wine-press, and built a tower, and let it out to vine-dress- 
ers, and went into another country. 34 And when the time of 
the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the vine-dressers 
to receive the fruits of it. 35 And the vine-dressers took his 
servants, and scourged one, and killed another, and stoned 
another. 36 Again he sent other servants more than the first: 
and they treated them in like manner. 37 But afterward he 
sent to them his son, saying, They will reverence my son. 
38 But the vine-dressers, when they saw the son, said among 
themselves, This is the heir ; come, let us kill him, and seize 
upon the inheritance. 39 And they took him, and carried him 
out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40 Therefore, when the 
owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine- 
dressers ? 41 They said to him : He will miserably destroy 
those wicked men, and let out his vineyard to other vine- 
dressers, who will give him the fruits in their season. 

42 Jesus said to them : Did you never read in the Scriptures, 
The stone which the builders rejected has become the head of 
the corner ? 43 This was from the Lord, and it is wondrous in 
our eyes. For this reason, I say to you, The kingdom of God 
shall be taken from you, and given to a nation that will bring 
forth the fruits of it. 44 And 'he that falls upon this stone 
shall be dashed to pieces; but him on whom it shall fall, it 
will make like chaff for the wind. 



54 MATTHEW. [xzir. 

45 And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard hia 
parables, they knew that he spoke of them. 46 And when they 
sought to lay hold of him ; they feared the multitude, because 
they regarded him as a prophet. 

XXII. 1 And Jesus answering, spoke to them again in para- 
bles, saying : 2 The kingdom of heaven is like a king that made 
a marriage feast for his son ; 3 and sent his servants to call 
those who had been invited to the marriage feast; and they 
refused to come. 4 Again, he sent other servants, saying, Tell 
those who have been invited, Behold, I have prepared my din- 
ner ; my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are 
ready : come to the marriage feast. 5 But they were careless, 
and went away, one to his farm, another to his merchandise. 
"And the rest laid hold of his servants, and abused them, and 
killed them. 

7 And when that king heard of it, he was angry, and sent 
his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up 
their city. 8 Then he said to his servants : The marriage feast 
is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. y Go, 
therefore, to the cross-ways, and invite to the marriage feast 
as many as you find. 10 And those servants went out into the 
roads, and brought together all, as many as they found, both 
* bad and good : and the banquet-room was filled with guests. 
11 And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there 
a man that had not put on a wedding-robe. 12 And he said to 
him, Friend, how came you in hither without a wedding- robe ? 
And he was silent. 13 Then the king said to his servants, 
Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and throw him 
into the darkness without : there shall be weeping and gnash- 
ing of teeth. 14 For many are called, but few chosen. 



XXIL] MATTHEW. 55 

\ 

15 Then the Pharisees went and held a consultation, that they 
might entrap him in his words. 1G And they sent to him their 
disciples, with the Herodians, saying : Teacher, we know that 
you are true, .and that you teach the way of God in truth, ana 
care not for any one : for you do not look upon the person of 
men. 17 Tell us, therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful 
to give tribute to Csesar, or not ? But Jesus, knowing their 
wickedness, said to them : Why do you tempt me, hypocrites ? 
19 Show me the tribute-money. And they brought him a de- 
narius. 20 And he said to them: Whose image and superscrip- 
tion is this ? 21 They said to him : Caesar's. Then he said to 
them : Give, therefore, to Csssar the things that are Caesar's, 
and to God the things that are God's. 22 And when they heard 
it. they were astonished, and left him, and went away. 

23 On that day there came to him the Sadducees, who say 
that there is no resurrection ; and they put a question to him, 
24 saying : Teacher, Moses commanded, If any one die without 
children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up chil- 
dren for his brother. 25 Now there were with us seven brothers; 
and the first took a wife, and died ; and, having no child, left 
his wife to his brother. 2G In like manner also the second, and 
the third, to the seventh. 27 Last of all, the woman also died. 
28 Therefore, in the resurrection, of which of the seven will she 
be the wife ? for they all had her. 

29 Jesus answered and said to them: You err, because you 
know neither the scriptures nor the power of God. 30 !For in 
the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, 
but are as the angels of God in heaven. 31 But, concerning the 
resurrection of the dead, have you not read that which was 
spoken to you by God, saying : 32 1 am the God of Abraham, 
and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob ? God is not the 



56 MATTHEW. [xxm. 

/ 
God of the dead, but of the living. 33 And when the multitude 

heard this, they were astonished at his teaching. 

34 When the Pharisees heard that he had put the Sadducees 
to silence, they came together. 35 And one of them, who was a 
lawyer, asked him a question, that he might tempt him, say- 
ing : 36 Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law ? 
37 Jesus said to him : You shall love the Lord your God with 
your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your 
whole mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 
39 And the second is like it : You shall love your neighbor as 
yourself. 40 0n these two commandments hang the whole law 
and the prophets. 

41 While the Pharisees were together, Jesus asked them a 
question, 42 saying : What think you of the Christ ? whose son 
is he ? They said to him : The son of David. 43 He said to 
them : How then does David in spirit call him Lord, saying, 
44 The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand till I 
make thy enemies thy footstool. 45 If then David calls him 
Lord, how is he his son ? 46 And no one was able to answer 
him a word ; nor did any one, from that day, dare to ask him 
another question. 

XXIII. 1 Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes, and to his 
disciples, 2 saying : The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' 
seat : 3 therefore, all things that they command you to observe, 
observe and do. But do not according to their works : for 
they command, and do not. 4 Por they bind up burdens that 
are heavy and hard to be borne, and lay them on the shoulders 
of men; but they refuse to move them with one of their fin- 
gers. 5 And they do all their works for the purpose of being 
seen by men. They make their amulets broad, and enlarge the 



xxm.] MATTHE-W. 57 

fringes of their mantles. 6 They also love the most honorable 
places at suppers, and the first seats in the synagogues, 7 and 
sanitations in the markets, and to be called by men, Eabbi, 
Rabbi. 

8 But you must not be called Rabbi ; for one is your teacher, 
and all of you are brethren. 9 And call no man on earth your 
father; for one is your Father, who is in heaven. IO And be not 
called leaders; for one is your leader, the Christ. n And the 
greatest among you shall be your minister. 12 Whoever exalts 
himself shall be humbled ; and whoever humbles himself shall 
be exalted. 

13 But alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for 
you eat up the houses of widows, and for a pretext make long- 
prayers. For this reason, you shall receive the greater con- 
demnation. 14 Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! 
for you close the kingdom of heaven in the face of men; for 
you neither go in yourselves, nor do you suffer those who are 
entering, to go in. 35 Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites! for you traverse sea and land to make one proselyte; 
and when he is made, you make him twofold more a child of 
hell than yourselves. 

16 Alas for you, blind guides! who say, Whoever shall swear 
by the temple, it is nothing ; but whoever shall swear by the 
gold of the temple, becomes a debtor. 17 Fools and blind ! for 
which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the 
gold? 18 And, Whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; 
but whoever shall swear by the gift that is on it, becomes a 
debtor. 19 Fools and blind! for which is greater, the gift, or 
the altar that sanctifies the gift ? 20 Therefore, whoever swears 
by the altar, swears by it, and by all that is on it. 21 And 
whoever swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him that 



58 MATTHEW. [xxm. 

dwells in it. 22 And he that swears by heaven, swears by the 
throne of God, and by him that sits upon it. 

23 Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for you 
pay tithes of mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected 
the weightier matters of the law, its justice, its mercy, and its 
faithfulness. These you. ought to have done, and those you 
ought not to have neglected. ^ Blind guides ! who strain out 
a gnat, but swallow a camel. 25 Alas for you, scribes and Phar- 
isees, hypocrites ! for you make clean the outside of the cup 
and the plate; but within they are full of rapine and excess. 
26 Blind Pharisee ! first make clean the inside of the cup and 
the plate, that the outside of them also may be clean. 

27 Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you 
are like whitened sepulchers, which without appear beautiful, 
but within are full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. 
28 So also you outwardly appear to men to be just, but within 
you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. 29 Alas for you, 
scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for you build the tombs of 
the prophets, and adorn the sepulchers of the righteous, 30 and 
say : If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not 
have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. 
31 So then you testify against yourselves, that you are the sons 
of those who killed the prophets. 32 Do you also fill up the 
measure of your fathers. 33 Serpents, generation of vipers, 
how can you escape the condemnation of hell? 

34 For this reason, behold, I send you prophets and wise men 
and scribes; and some of them you will kill and crucify; and 
some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and per- 
secute from city to city; 35 that upon you may come all the 
righteous blood which has been shed upon the earth, from the 
blood of Abel the just to the blood of Zachariah, the son of 



xxiv.] MATTHEW. 59 

Barachiah, whom you slew between the temple and the altar. 
' 36 Verily I say to you, All these things shall come upon this 
generation. 

31 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets and 
stonest those who are sent to thee, how often have I desired 
to gather thy children together, as a bird gathers her young 
under her wings, and you refused. 3S Behold, your house is 
left to you deserted. 39 For I say to you, That you shall not 
see me henceforth, till you shall say, Blessed is he that comes 
in the name of the Lord. 

XXIV. T And Jesus went out, and was departing from the 
temple, and his disciples came to him to point out to him the 
buildings of the temple. 2 But Jesus said to them : Do you 
not see all these things ? Verily I say to you, There shall not 
be left here a stone upon a stone that shall not be thrown 
down. 

3 And as he was sitting upon the mount of Olives, the disci- 
ples came to him privately, and said : Tell us, when shall these 
things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of 
the end of the age? 4 And Jesus answered and said to them: 
Take heed that no one deceive you. 6 For many will come in 
my name, saying, -I am the Christ; and will deceive many. 
And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars: see that you 
be not troubled, for all things must be fulfilled ; but the end is 
not yet. 7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom 
against kingdom ; and there will be famines and pestilences and 
earthquakes in various places. 8 But all these are the begin- 
ning of sorrows. 9 Then they will deliver you up to affliction, 
and kill you; and you will be hated by all nations on my 
account. 10 And then will many be ensnared, and they will de- 



GO MATTHEW. [xxiv. 

liver one another up, and hate one another ; " and many false 
prophets will arise, and deceive many; 12 and because iniquity 
abounds, the love of many will grow cold. 13 But he that en- 
dures to the end, shall be saved. 14 And this gospel of the 
kingdom shall be preached in the whole habitable earth, for a 
testimony to all nations, and then shall the end come. 

15 When, therefore, you see that detestable thing that makes 
desolate, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy 
place, (let him that reads understand ;) 1G then let those who 
are in Judea flee to the mountains; 17 let not him that is on 
the house-top come down to take his goods out of his house; 
18 and let not him that is in the field turn back to take his 
clothing. 19 But alas for those who are with child, and those 
who give suck in those days ! 20 Pray that your flight may not 
be in the winter, nor on the Sabbath : 21 for then shall be great 
affliction, such as has not been from the beginning of the world 
till now, nor shall ever be. 22 And unless those days should be 
made few, no flesh could be saved. But on account of the elect 
those days shall be made few. 

23 Then if any one shall say to you : Lo ! here is the Christ, 
or there ; believe it not. 24 For false Christs and false prophets 
will arise, and will show great signs and wonders, so as to 
deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 Behold, I have told you 
beforehand. 26 Therefore, if they say to you : Behold, he is in 
the desert; go not out: Behold, he is in the secret chambers; 
believe it not. 27 For as the lightning comes out from the 
east, and shines even to the west, so also shall the coming of 
the Son of man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there will 
the vultures come together. 

29 Immediately after the affliction of those days, the sun shall 
be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the 



xxiv.] MATTHEW. 61 

stars shall fall from heaven, and the hosts of the heavens shall 
be shaken. 30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of 
man in heaven ; and then shall all the tribes of the laud mourn, 
and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of 
heaven with power and great glory. 31 And he will send his 
angels with a trumpet of great voice, and they shall gather his 
elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. 

32 Learn now a parable from the fig-tree : As soon as its 
branch becomes tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that 
summer is near. 33 So also, when you see all these things, 
know that it is near at the doors. 34 Verily I say to you, This 
generation shall not pass away till all these things shall have 
taken place. 35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my 
words shall not pass away. 

36 But of that day and hour no one knows, not the angels of 
heaven, but my Father only. 3T But as the days of Noah were, 
so shall be the coming of the Son of man. 38 For as in the 
days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying 
and giving in marriage, till the day in which Noah entered the 
ark, 39 and knew not, till the flood came and took them all 
away. : so shall be the coming of the Son of man. 40 Then two 
men shall be in the field ; one shall be taken, and the other left. 
41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill ; one shall be taken, 
and the other left. 

42 Watch, therefore, for you know not at what hour your 
Lord is coming. 43 But know this, That if the master of the 
house had known at what watch the thief comes, he would have 
watched, and would not have permitted his house to be broken 
open. 44 For this reason, be you also ready ; for at an hour in 
which you think not, the Son of man comes. 45 Who then is 
that faithful and wise servant, whom his master has made ruler 



62 MATTHEW. [xxv. 

over his household servants, to give them their food in due 
time? 46 Blessed is that servant, whom his master, "when he 
comes, shall find so doing. * 7 Verily I say to you, That he will 
make him ruler over all his goods. 

48 But if that wicked servant shall say in his heart, My 
master delays his coming ; * 9 and shall begin to strike his fel- 
low-servants, and shall eat and drink with the drunken ; 50 the 
master of that servant will come in a day in which he looks 
not for him, and at an hour which he knows not, 51 and will 
cut him in two, and appoint him his part with the hypocrites. 
There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 

XXV. x Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened to 
ten virgins, who took their lamps and went out to meet the 
bride-groom. 2 Five of them were wise, and five were foolish. 
8 Those who were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with 
them : * but the wise took oil in their vessels, with their lamps. 
5 While the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept. 
6 And at midnight a cry was made': Behold, the bridegroom 
comes! Go you out to meet him. 7 Then all those virgins 
arose, and trimmed their lamps. 8 And the foolish said to the 
wise : Give us of your oil, for our lamps are going out. 9 But 
the wise answered, saying : Lest there may not be enough for 
us and you, go rather to those who sell, and buy for your- 
selves. 10 While they were going to buy, the bridegroom came ; 
and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage- 
supper; and the door was closed. n Afterv/ard the other vir- 
gins also came, and said : Lord ! Lord ! open for us. 12 But he- 
answered and said: Verily I say to you, I know you not. 
X3 Watch, therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour. 

14 'For as a man, on leaving his country, called his own serv- 



xxv.j MATTHEW. 63 

ants, and delivered to them his goods: 15 To one he gave five 
talents; to another, two; and to another/ one; to each one, 
according to his own ability, and immediately left his country. 
16 Then he that had received the five talents, went and traded 
with them, and made other five talents. 17 In like manner also, 
he that had received the two, gained other two. 18 But he that 
had received the one, went and digged in< the earth, and hid hi& 
lord's money. 

19 After a long time, the lord of those servants came and 
settled with them. 20 And he that had received the five talents 
came and brought other five talents, and said : Lord, you deliv- 
ered to me five talents : see, I have gained other five talents in 
addition to them. 21 His lord said to him : Well done, good 
and faithful servant ; you have been faithful over a few things, 
I will make you ruler over many. Enter into the joy of your 
lord. 

22 And he also that had received the two talents came, and 
said : Lord, you delivered to me two talents ; see, I have gained 
other two talents in addition to them. ^His lord said to him: 
Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful 
over a few things, I will make you ruler over many. Enter 
into the joy of your lord. 

24 But he that had received the one talent came, and said : 
Lord, I knew you, that you are a hard man, reaping where you 
did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter. 25 And 
I was afraid, and went and hid your talent in the earth ; see, 
you have yours. 26 His lord answered and said to him : Wicked 
and slothful servant; did you know that I reap where I did 
not sow, and gather where I did not scatter ? 27 Therefore, you 
ought to have put my money with the bankers; and, when I 
came, I could have received my own with interest. 28 There- 



64 MATTHEW. [xxv. 

fore, take from Mm the talent, and give it to him. that has 
the ten talents. 29 For to every one that has, it shall be given, 
and he shall have abundance. But from him that has not, 
even that which he has shall be taken away. 30 And cast the 
unprofitable servant into the darkness without. There shall be 
weeping and gnashing of teeth. 

31 When the Son of man shall come in his own glory, and all 
the holy angels with him, then will he sit on the throne of his 
own glory ; 32 and all nations shall be gathered before him ; and 
he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd sepa- 
rates his sheep from the goats. 33 And he will place the sheep 
on his right hand, but the goats on his left. 34 Then the King 
will say to those on his right hand : Come, you blessed of my 
Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the founda- 
tion of the world. 35 For I was hungry, and you gave me food ; 
I was thirsty, and you gave me drink; I was a stranger, and 
you took me to your houses; 36 naked, and you clothed me; I 
was sick, and you visited me; I was in prison, and you came 
to me. 37 Then will the righteous answer him, saying: Lord, 
when did we see thee hungry, and feed thee? or thirsty, and 
give thee drink? 38 When did we see thee a stranger, and 
take thee to our home? or naked, and clothe thee? 39 When 
did we see thee sick, or in prison, and come to thee? 40 And 
the King will answer and say to them : Verily I say to you, In- 
asmuch as you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, 
you did it to me. 

41 Then will he say to those on his left hand : Depart from 
me, you cursed, into the eternal fire, prepared for the devil and 
his angels. 42 For I was hungry, and you gave me no food; I 
was thirsty, and you gave me no drink; 43 I was a stranger, 
and you took me not to your houses; naked, and you did not 



xxvi.] MATTHEW. 65 

clothe me ; I was sick, and in prison, and you did not visit me. 
44 Then they also will answer, and say : Lord, when did we see 
thee hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in 
prison, and did not minister to thee? 45 Then will he answer 
them, saying : Verily I say to you, Inasmuch as you did it not 
to one of the least of these, you did it not to me. 46 And these 
shall go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into 
eternal life. 

XXVI. *And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all 
these words, that he said to his disciples: 2 You know that 
after two days the passover is kept, and the Son of man is de- 
livered .up to be crucified. 

3 Then the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of 
the people met together at the palace of the chief priest, who 
was called Oaiaphas. 4 And they consulted together that they 
might take Jesus by craft and kill him. 5 But they said : Not 
during the feast, lest there be a tumult among the people. 

6 When Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the 
leper, 7 there came to him a woman who had an alabaster box 
of very costly ointment; and she poured it on his head as he 
reclined at table. 8 But when his disciples saw it, they were 
displeased, and said : For what purpose was this waste ? 9 For 
this could have been sold for much, and given to the poor. 
10 Jesus perceived it, and said to them: Why do you trouble the 
woman ? For she has performed a good work upon me. " For 
you have the poor always with you, but me you have not al- 
ways. 12 For in pouring this ointment oil my body, she has 
done it to prepare me for burial. 13 Verily I say to you, Wher- 
ever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, this also 
which she has done shall be told for a memorial of her. 
5 



66 MATTHEW. [xxvi. 

M Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the 
chief priests, 15 and said : What are you willing to give me, and 
I will deliver him to you ? And they weighed to him thirty 
pieces of silver. 16 And from that time he sought an opportu- 
nity to deliver him up. 

17 On the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to 
Jesus, and said to him: Where dost thou wish that we prepare 
for thee to eat the passover ? 18 He replied : Go into the city, 
to a certain man, and say to him, The Teacher says, My time 
is near ; I will keep the passover at your house, with my dis- 
ciples. 19 And the disciples did as Jesus commanded them, and 
prepared the passover. 

20 When the evening had come, he reclined at table with the 
twelve. 21 And as they were eating, he said : Verily I say to 
you, One of you will deliver me up. 22 And they were very 
sad, and began each one of them to say to him : Lord, is it I ? 
23 He answered and said : He that dips his hand with me in 
the dish, will deliver me up. M The Son of man goes, as it is 
written of him; but alas for that man by whom the Son of 
man is delivered up! It would have been good for that man, 
if he had not been born. 25 And Judas, who delivered him up, 
answered and said : Babbi, is it I ? He replied : You have said. 

26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he 
had given thanks, he broke it, -and gave it to the disciples, and 
said : Take, eat ; this is my body. 27 And he took the cup, and 
gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying : Do you all drink of 
it : 28 for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured 
out for many in order to the remission of sins. 29 But I say to 
you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, till 
that, day when I drink it with you new in the kingdom of my 
Father. 



xxvi.] MATTHEW. 67 

30 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the 
mount of Olives. 31 Then Jesus said to them : All of you will 
be offended at. me this night ; for it is written, I will smite the 
shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered. 32 But 
after I have risen, I will go before you into Galilee. 33 Peter 
answered and said to him: Though all shall be offended at 
thee, yet will I never be offended. 3 * Jesus said to him : Verily 
I say to you, This night, before the cock crows, you will deny 
me three times. 35 Peter said to him: Though it should be 
necessary for me to die with thee, I will not deny thee. In 
like manner said all the disciples. 

36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, 
and said to his disciples : Sit here, till I go and pray yonder. 
37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, 
and began to be in deep distress and anguish of soul. 38 Then 
Jesus said to them : My soul is encompassed with sorrow even 
to death; remain here, and watch with me. 39 And he went 
forward a little, and fell on his face in prayer, saying: My 
Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me ; yet not as 
I will, but as thou wiliest. 40 And he came to his disciples, 
and found them sleeping ; and he said to Peter : "Was it so, 
that you had not strength to watch with me one hour? 
41 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit 
is willing, but the flesh is weak. 

42 Again, a second time, he went away, and prayed, saying : 
My Father, if this cup can not pass from me, unless I drink it, 
thy will be done. 43 And he came and found them sleeping 
again, for their eyes were heavy. ^And he left them, and 
went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same - 
thing. K Then he came to his disciples, and said to them : 
Bleep what time is left, and take your rest; behold, the hour 



68 MATTHEW. [xxvi. 

draws near, and the Son of man is delivered into the hands of 
sinners. 46 Arise, let us go ; behold, he that delivers me up is 
at hand. 

47 And while he was yet speaking, behold, Judas, one of the 
twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and clubs, 
came from the chief priests and elders of the people. 48 He 
that delivered him up had given them a sign, saying : The one 
that I shall kiss is he ; hold him fast. . * 9 And immediately he 
came to Jesus, and said : Hail, Rabbi ! and kissed him. 50 Jesus 
said to him : Friend, for what purpose have you come ? Then 
they came, and laid hands on Jesus, and held him fast. - 
. 51 And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched 
out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck the servant of 
the chief priest, and cut off his ear. 52 Then Jesus said to him : 
Put back your sword into its place; for all that take the 
sword, shall perish by the sword. 53 Do you think that I can 
not now call upon my Father, and he would cause more than 
twelve legions of angels to stand by me? 54 But how then 
shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be? 

55 At the same time Jesus said to the multitudes : Have you 
come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs, to take 
me ? I sat daily with you in the temple and taught, and you 
did not take me. 56 A11 this was done, that the scriptures of 
the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples left him 
and fled. 

57 And those who took Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the 
chief priest, where the scribes and elders had come together. 
58 But Peter followed him, at a distance, to the palace of the 
chief priest, and went in and sat with the attendants, to see 
the end. 59 And the chief priests and the elders, and the whole 
Sanhedrim, sought false testimony against Jesus, that they 



xxvi.] MATTHEW. ' 69 

might put him to death, 60 and found none. Though many false 
witnesses came, yet they found none. At last two false wit- 
nesses came, 61 and said: This man said, I am able to destroy 
the temple of God, and to build it in three days. 62 And the 
chief priest arose, and said to him : Do you make no answer ? 
What do these testify against you? 63 But Jesus remained 
silent. 

And the chief priest answered and said to him : I adjure 
you, by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the 
Christ, the Son of God? 6i Jesus said to him: You have said. 
Moreover, I say to you, Hereafter you shall see the Son of 
man sitting on the right hand of the Almighty, and coming 
upon the clouds of heaven. 65 Then the chief priest rent his 
clothes, and said : He has spoken impiously ; what further need 
have we of witnesses? See now, you have heard his impious words: 
60 What think you? They answered and said: He is a subject 
for death. 67 Then did they spit in his face, and strike him 
with their fists; some struck him with the open hand, 68 and 
said: Give an answer to us, Christ: Who is he that struck 
you? 

09 But Peter was sitting without in the court ; and a maid- 
servant came to him, and said : You also were with Jesus of 
Galilee. 70 But he denied before them all, saying : I know not 
what you say. 71 And when he went out into the entrance, an- 
other maid-servant saw him, and said to those who were there: 
This man was also with Jesus the Nazarene. 72 And again he 
denied, with an oath : I know not the man. 73 After a little 
while, those who stood by came and said to Peter : Of a truth 
you also are one of them, for your speech betrays you. 74 Then 
he began to curse and to swear, I know not the man. And 
immediately the cock crew. 75 And Peter remembered the word 



70 MATTHEW. [xxvn. 

which Jesus had spoken to him : Before the cock crows, you 
will deny me three times. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 

XXVII. l When the morning came, all the chief priests and 
elders of the people held a consultation against Jesus, that they 
might put him to death. 2 And they bound him and led him 
away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor. 

8 Then Judas, who had delivered him up, when he saw that 
he was condemned, stung by remorse, brought back the thirty 
pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4 saying: I have 
sinned in having delivered up innocent blood. They replied : 
What is that to us? You will see to that. 5 And he threw 
down the money in the temple, and departed, and went and 
hanged himself. 6 And the chief priests took the money, and 
said : It is not lawful to put it into the sacred treasury, because 
it is the price of blood. 7 And they took counsel, and bought 
with it the potter's field, as a burial-place for foreigners. s For 
this reason, that field is called the field of blood, to this day. 
9 Then the word was fulfilled which was spoken by Jeremiah the 
prophet, saying : And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the 
price of him that had a price set upon him, on whom some of 
the children of Israel did set a price, 10 and gave them for the 
potter's field, as the Lord appointed me. 

"And Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor 
asked him, saying: Are you the king of the Jews? Jesus 
replied to him: You say it. 12 And when he was accused by 
the chief priests and elders, he made no answer. 13 Then Pilate 
said to him : Do you not hear how many things they testify 
against you? 14 And he gave him answer to not one word, so 
that the governor was greatly astonished. 

15 Now at the feast, the governor was in the habit of releas- 



XXVIL] MATTHEW. 71 

ing to the multitude one prisoner, whom they chose. 16 They then 
had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas. "Therefore, while 
they were together, Pilate said to them : Which do you wish 
me to release to you, Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ ? 
18 For he knew that through envy they had delivered him up. 

19 While he was sitting on the judgment-seat, his wife sent to 
him, saying : Have nothing to do with that just man, for I have 
suffered much to-day in a dream, because of him. 

20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multi- 
tude to ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 21 The governor an- 
swered and said to them : Which of the two do you wish me 
to release to you ? They replied : Barabbas. 22 Pilate said to 
them : What then shall I do with Jesus, who is called Christ ? 
They all said to him: Let him be crucified. ^But the gov- 
ernor said : Why, what evil has he done ? But they cried 
vehemently, saying : Let him be crucified. ^ When Pilate saw 
that he gained nothing, but rather that a tumult was rising, he 
took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, and 
said : I am innocent of the blood of this just man ; you will see 
to it. 25 And all the people answered and said: His blood be 
upon us and upon our children. 26 Then he released to them 
Barabbas; but after he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him 
up to be crucified. 

27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the 
palace, and brought together to him the whole band. 28 And 
they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet cloak ; 29 and when 
they had plaited a crown of thorn branches, they put it upon 
his head, and a reed in his right hand; and kneeling before 
him, they derided him, saying : Hail, King of the Jews ! 30 And 
they spit upon him, and took the reed, and struck him on the 
head. 31 And when they had derided him, they took off the 



72 MATTHEW. [xxvn. 

cloak from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him 
away to crucify him. 

32 And as they were going out, they found a man of Gyrene, 
named Simon : this man they compelled to carry his cross. 
33 And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, which, 
when translated, is the place of a skull, 34 they gave him vine- 
gar to drink, mingled with gall ; and when he had tasted it, he 
refused to drink. 35 And when they had crucified him, they 
divided his clothing among themselves, by casting the lot. 
38 And they sat down and watched him there. 3T And they 
placed above his head the charge that was made against him, 
written: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 
38 Then were two robbers crucified with him; one on his right 
hand, and the other on his left. 

39 And they that passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, 
40 and saying: You that destroy the temple, and build it in 
three days, save yourself; if you are the Son of God, come 
down from the cross. 41 In like manner also the chief priests, 
with the scribes and elders, derided him, and said : 42 He saved 
others ; himself lie can not save. If he is the King of Israel, 
let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe on 
him. 43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he 
delights in him ; for he said : I am the Son of God. 44 The 
robbers also that were crucified with him, uttered the same 
reproaches against him. 

45 From the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land 
till the ninth hour. 46 But about the ninth hour, Jesus cried 
out with a loud voice, saying : Eli, Eli, lamah sabachthani ? 
that is, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 
4T Some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, 
said: This man calls for Elijah. 48 And immediately one of. 



XXVIL] MATTHEW. 73 

them ran, and took a sponge, and having filled it with vinegar, 
put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink. 49 The rest said: 
Wait, let us see if Elijah is coming to save him. 

50 And Jesus again cried with a loud voice, and gave up his 
spirit. 51 And behold, the vail of the temple was rent in two 
from top to bottom. And the earth did shake, and the rocks 
were rent: 52 and the sepulchers were opened, and many bodies 
of the saints that slept, arose. 53 And they came out of their 
sepulchers after his resurrection, and entered the holy city, and 
appeared to many. 

54 Now the centurion, and those who were with him watching 
Jesus, when they saw the earthquake, and what was done, were 
greatly afraid, and said : Of a truth, this was the Son of God. 

55 Many women that had followed Jesus from Galilee, and 
had ministered to him, were there, looking on from a distance. 
56 Among these was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of 
James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee. 

57 When the evening had come, there came a rich man of 
Arimathea, named Joseph; and he also was a disciple of Jesus. 
68 This man went to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. 
Then Pilate commanded the body to be given. 59 And Joseph 
took the body and wrapped it in clean linen, G0 and laid it in 
his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock. And 
he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed. 
61 And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting 
opposite the tomb. 

62 On the morrow, which was the day after the preparation, 
the chief priests and the Pharisees came together to Pilate, 
63 and said: Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while 
he was yet alive, After' three days I will arise. 64 Therefore, 
command that the sepulcher be made safe till the third day, 



74 MATTHEW. [XXVIIL 

lest his disciples come and steal him away, and say to the peo- 
ple, He has risen from the dead; and the last error will be 
worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them: You have a guard; 
go, make it as safe as you know how. 66 And they went and 
made the sepulcher safe, by placing a seal upon the stone, and 
setting the guard. 

XX VIII. 1 And after the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward 
the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary 
came to see the sepulcher. 2 And behold, there had been a 
great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord having descended 
from heaven, came and rolled away the stone from the door, 
and sat upon it. 3 His appearance was like lightning, and his 
raiment was white as snow. 4 From fear of him the keepers 
did shake and become like dead men. 5 But the angel answered 
and said to the women: Fear not; for I know that you seek 
Jesus, who was crucified. 6 He is not here; for he has risen, 
as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. 7 And go 
quickly, and tell his disciples, that he has risen from the dead : 
and behold, he goes before you into Galilee. There you shall 
see him. Lo, I have told you. 

8 And they went out quickly from the sepulcher, with fear and 
great joy, and ran to tell his disciples. 9 And as they were 
going to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying: 
Hail! And they came and laid hold of his feet, and wor- 
shiped him. 10 Then Jesus said to them: Fear not; go, tell 
my brethren to go into Galilee, and there they shall see me. 

11 While they were going, behold, some of the guard came 
into the city, and told the chief priests all things that were 
done. 12 And when they came together with the elders, they 
held a consultation, and gave much money to the soldiers, 



XXVIIL] MATTHEW. 75 

13 saying : Say that Ms disciples came by night and stole him 
away, .while we were asleep. 14 And if this shall be heard in 
the presence of the governor, we will persuade him, and make 
you secure. 15 And they took the money, and did as they were 
taught. And their report of this matter is everywhere pub- 
lished among the Jews to this day. 

16 And the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into the 
mountain, where Jesus had appointed to meet them. 17 And 
when they saw him, they worshiped him ; but some doubted. 
18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying: All authority in 
heaven and on earth is given to me. 19 Go, therefore, make 
disciples of all nations, immersing them (the disciples) into the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit; 
20 teaching them to observe all things whatever I have com- 
manded you : and lo, I am with you all the days, even to the 
end of the age. 



TESTIMONY OP MARK. 



I. a fllHE beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son oi 
JL Grod ; 2 as it is written in Isaiah the prophet : Behold, 
I send my messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy 
way. 3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make ready 
the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 4 John was 

* 

immersing in the wilderness, and preaching the immersion of 
repentance in order to the remission of sins. 5 And all the 
country of Judea and the inhabitants of Jerusalem went out to 
him,, and were all immersed by him in the river Jordan, con- 
fessing their sins. 6 And John was clothed with camel's hair, 
and had a girdle of leather around his loins, and he ate locusts 
and wild honey : 7 and he preached, saying : There comes after 
me One mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not 
worthy to stoop clown and loose. 8 I immerse you in water; 
but he will immerse you in the Holy Spirit. 

9 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from 
.Nazareth of Galilee, and was immersed by John in the Jordan. 
10 And immediately on coming up from the water, he saw the 
heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon 
him. u And there was a voice from the heavens : Thou art 
my beloved Son, in whom I delight. 

12 And immediately the Spirit compelled him to go forth into 
the wilderness. 13 And he was there in the wilderness forty 
days, to be tempted by Satan; and he was with the wild 

beasts; and the angels ministered to him. 
(76) 



i.] MASK. 77 

14 But after John was delivered up, Jesus came into Galilee, 
preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 15 and saying : The 
time has fully come, and the kingdom of God is at hand; re- 
pent, and believe the gospel. 16 And as he walked by the sea 
of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew the brother of Simon, 
throwing a net about in the sea; for they were fishers. 17 And 
Jesus said to them: Come after me, and I will make you fishers 
of men. 18 And immediately they left their nets, and followed 
him. 

19 And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw 
James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were 
in the ship, mending their nets. 20 And he immediately called 
them : and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the 
hired servants, and went after him. 

21 And they went into Capernaum; and immediately, on the 
sabbath, he entered the synagogue, and taught. 22 And they 
were astonished at his teaching; for he taught them as one 
that had authority, and not as the scribes. 23 Aud there was 
iii their synagogue a man who had an unclean spirit; and he 
cried out, 24 saying : Let us alone ; what have we to do with 
thee, Jesus, thou JSTazarene? Hast thou come to destroy us? 
I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God. 25 And Jesus 
rebuked him, saying : Be silent, and come out of him. 2fi And 
the unclean spirit threw him into convulsions, and cried with a 
loud voice, and came out of him. 2T And all were amazed, so 
that they questioned one another, saying : What means this ? 
What new teaching is this, that with authority he commands 
even the unclean spirits, and they obey him ? 28 And his fame 
immediately went abroad into all the surrounding country of 
Galilee. 

29 And forthwith, having gone out of the synagogue, they 



78 MAKE. -[i. 

went into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and 
John. 30 Now the mother-in-law of Simon lay sick of a fever. 
And at once they told him of her. 31 And he went to her, and 
took her by the hand, and raised her up, and the fever left her 
instantly; and she ministered to them. 

32 And at evening, when the sun had gone down, they brought 
to him all that were sick, and those who were possessed with 
demons. 33 And the whole city came together to the door. 
34 And he cured many that were sick of various diseases, and 
cast out many demons, and did not suffer the demons to speak, 
because they knew him. 

35 And very early in the morning, while it was yet dark, he 
arose and went out, and departed to a desert place, and there 
prayed. 36 And Simon, and those who were with him, followed 
after him. 37 And when they had found him, they said to him: 
All are seeking for thee. 38 And he said to them: Let us go 
into the neighboring towns, that I may preach there also ; for 
I have come forth for this purpose. 39 And throughout the 
whole of Galilee he continued to preach in their synagogues, 
and to cast out demons. 

40 And there came to him a leper, beseeching him, and kneel- 
ing down to him, and saying to him : If thou wilt, thou canst 
make me clean. 41 And Jesus, moved with compassion, stretched 
forth his hand, and touched him, and said to him : I will ; be 
clean. 42 And when he had spoken, the leprosy immediately 
departed from him, and he was cleansed. 43 And he strictly 
charged him, and forthwith sent him away, ** and said to him : 
Bee that you tell no one; but go, show yourself to the priest, 
and offer for your cleansing the things which Moses com- 
manded, for a testimony to them. 45 But he went out, and 
began to proclaim it much, and to publish the matter abroad. 



ii.] MARK. 79 

so that he was no longer able to enter a city openly, but was 
without in desert places : and they came to him from every 
quarter. 

II. - 1 And again he entered Capernaum, after some days ; and 
they heard that he was in the house. 2 And immediately many 
came together, .so that the house could contain them no longer, 
nor could the space about the door. And he preached the 
word to them. 

3 And they came to him, bringing a paralytic, who was car- 
ried by four men. 4 And not being able to come near him, on 
account of the multitude, they took off the roof where he was, 
and having broken through, they let down the bed on which 
the paralytic lay. 5 And Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the 
paralytic : Son, your sins are forgiven you. 6 But some of the 
scribes were sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts: 7 Why 
does this man thus speak impiously? Who can forgive sins 
but God only? 8 And Jesus, immediately perceiving in his 
spirit that they thus reasoned within themselves, said to them : 
Why are you reasoning thus in your hearts? 9 Which is easier, 
to say to the paralytic, Your sins are forgiven; or to say, 
Arise, take up your bed and walk ? 10 But that you may know 
that the Son of man on earth has authority to forgive sins, (he 
said to the paralytic,) U I say to you, Arise, take up your bed 
and go to your house. 12 And he arose forthwith, and took up 
his bed, and went out before them all; so that they were all 
amazed, and glorified Grod, saying : We have never seen it thus. 

13 And he went out again by the sea: and all the multitude 
came to him, and he taught them, 14 And as he passed by, he 
saw Levi the son of Alphseus sitting at the custom-house; and 
he said to him : Follow me. And he arose and followed him. 



80 MABK. [n. 

15 And it came to pass, as Jesus reclined at table in his house, 
that many publicans and sinners reclined with him and his 
disciples; for there were many, and they followed him. 16 And 
when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eating with publicans 
and sinners, they said to his disciples : Why is it that he eats 
and drinks with publicans and sinners? "And when Jesus 
heard it, he said to them : Those who are well have no need of 
a physician, but those who are sick. I have not come to call 
righteous men, but sinners. 

18 And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees were in the 
habit of fasting ; and they came, and said to him : Why do 
the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but your disci- 
ples fast not? 19 And Jesus said to them: Can the sons of the 
bride-chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? As 
long as they have the bridegroom with them, they can not fast. 
20 But the days will come when the bridegroom shall be taken 
from them, and then they will fast in those days. 21 No one 
sews a patch of new cloth on an old garment; if so, the new 
piece which fills it up, takes from the old, and a worse rent is 
made. 22 And no one puts new wine into old bottles; if so, the 
new wine bursts the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the 
bottles are destroyed. But new wine must be put into new 
bottles. 

23 And it came to pass, that he was going on the sabbath- 
day through the fields of grain: and his disciples began, as 
they went, to pull the ears of grain. 2 *And the Pharisees said 
to him: See, why are they doing on the sabbath-day what is 
not lawful? 25 And he said to them : Did you never read what 
David did, when he had need and was hungry, he and those 
who were with him ? 26 How he entered the house of God in 
the days of Abiathar the chief priest, and ate the loaves of the 



IIL] MARK. 81 

presence, which it is not lawful, except for the priests, to eat, 
and gave to those also who were with him ? 27 And he said to 
them : The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sab- 
bath. 28 Therefore, the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath. 

III. *And again he entered the' synagogue, and a man was 
there who had a withered hand, 2 And they watched him, 
whether he would cure him on the sabbath-day, that they 
might accuse him. 3 And he said to the man who had the 
withered hand: Arise, and come into the midst. 4 And he said 
to them : Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath-day, or to do 
evil? to save life, or .to kill? But they were silent. 6 And 
looking around on them with anger, being grieved for the 
hardness of their heart, he said to the man : Stretch forth your 
hand; and he stretched it forth: and his hand -was restored. 
6 And the Pharisees immediately went out with the Herodians, 
and held a consultation against him, that they might destroy 
him. 

7 And Jesus withdrew with his disciples to the sea; and there 
followed him a great multitude from Galilee, and from Judea, 

8 and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond the 
Jordan : and those about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, 
when they heard what things he was doing, came to him. 

9 And he spoke to his disciples, that a small ship should con- 
tinue near him, because of the multitude, that they might not 
press upon him. 10 Por he cured many, so that as many as had 
diseases rushed upon him, that they might touch him. u And 
unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and 
cried out, saying: Thou art the Son of Grod. 12 And he strictly 
charged them, that they should not make him known. 

13 And he went up into a mountain, and called to him such as 
6 



82 MAEK. [m. 

he wished, and they came to him. 14 And he appointed twelve, 
that they should be with him, and that he might send them 
forth to preach, 15 and to have authority to cure diseases, and 
to cast out demons. 16 And Simon he surnamed Peter ; 17 and 
James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James : and 
these he surnamed Boanerges, which means, sons of thunder : 
18 and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and 
Thomas, and James the Son of Alphseus, and Thaddeeus, and 
Simon the Oanaanite, 19 and Judas Iscariot, who also delivered 
him up. 

And they went into a house : 20 and the multitude came to- 
gether again, so that they were not able even to eat bread. 
21 And when his relatives heard of it, they came out to take 
him; for they said: He is beside himself. 22 And the scribes 
who had come down from Jerusalem said : He has Beelzebul ; 
and by the prince of the demons he casts out the demons. 
23 And he called them to him, and spoke to them in parables: 
How can Satan cast out Satan? ^And if a kingdom be di- 
vided against itself, that kingdom can not stand. 25 And if a 
house be divided against itself, that house can not stand. 

26 And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he 
can not stand, but has an end. 27 No one can enter the house 
of the strong man, and spoil his goods, unless he first bind the 
strong man; and then he will plunder his house. 28 Verily I 
say to you, All sins shall be forgiven the sons of men, and 
whatever impious speeches they may utter; 29 but whoever will 
speak impiously against the Holy Spirit shall never have for- 
giveness, but is subject to eternal condemnation. 30 For they 
said : He has an unclean spirit. 

31 His mother and his brothers came, therefore, and stand- 
ing without, sent to him, and called him. 32 And the multitude 



iv.] MABK. 83 

was sitting about him; and they said to him: Behold, your 
mother and your brothers are without, seeking you. 33 And he 
answered them and said : Who is my mother, or my brothers ? 
34 And he looked round about on those who were sitting near 
him, and said: Behold, my mother and my brothers; 35 for 
whoever will do the will of God, is my brother, and my sister, 
and mother. 

IV. x And again he began to teach by the sea; and a great 
multitude came together to him, so that he went into a ship, 
and sat in the sea: and the whole multitude was on the land 
near the sea. 2 And he taught them many things in parables, 
and said to them in his teaching: 3 Hear; Behold, the sower 
went forth to sow; *and it came to pass, as he sowed, that 
some seed fell by the wayside, and the birds came and ate it 
up. 6 Other seed fell on stony ground, where it had not much 
earth : and it immediately sprung up, because it had no depth 
of earth. 6 And when the sun was up, it was scorched; and 
because it had no root, it withered away. 7 And other seed fell 
among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it 
produced no fruit. 8 And other seed fell in the good ground, 
and produced fruit that grew up and increased, and produced, 
one thirty, one sixty, and one a hundred. 9 And he said: He 
that has ears to hear, let him hear. 

10 And when he was alone, those who were about him, with 
the twelve, asked him the meaning of the parable. 11 And he 
said to them: To you it is given to know the mystery of the 
kingdom of God; but to those who are without, all things are 
done in parables; 12 that they may surely see, and not perceive; 
and that they may surely hear, and not understand; lest they 
should turn to me, and their sins should be forgiven them. 



84 MAEK. [iv. 

13 And lie said to them : Do you not understand this parable ? 
And how then will you understand all parables ? M The sower 
sows the Avord. 15 These are they that received seed by the 
wayside, where the word is sown; and when they hear, Satan 
immediately conies and takes away the word that was sown in 
their hearts. 16 And these are they that, in like manner, re- 
ceived seed in stony places : who, when they hear the word, 
immediately receive it with joy : 17 and they have no root in 
themselves, but endure for a time; afterward, when affliction 
or persecution arises on account of the word, they immediately 
take offense. 18 And these are they that received seed among 
thorns; who hear the word, 19 and the anxieties of this age, and 
the deceitfulness of riches, and desires for other things enter in 
and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 20 And these 
are they that received seed on the good ground; who hear the 
word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, one thirty, and one 
sixty, and one a hundred. 

21 And he said to them: Is a lamp brought in that it may 
be put under the measure, or under the divan ? Is it not 
brought that it may be put on the lamp-stand ? 22 For there is 
nothing hid that shall not be made known; nor has any thing 
been concealed, but that it may come into open view. ^ If any 
one has ears to hear, let him hear. 24 And he said to them: 
Take heed how you hear ; with what measure you measure, it 
shall be measured to you ; and to you that hear, more shall be 
given; 25 for whoever has, to him shall be given; and whoever 
has not, even that which he has shall be taken from him. 

26 And he said: So is the kingdom of God, as if a man 
should sow seed in the ground, 2T and should sleep and rise, 
night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he 
knows not how. 28 For the earth, of its own accord, produces 



v.] MABK. 85 

fruit, first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the 
ear. 29 But when the fruit is ripe, immediately lie sends forth 
the sickle, because the harvest is ready. 

30 And he said : To what shall we liken the kingdom of Grod? 
Or, by what similitude shall we illustrate it? 31 It is like a 
grain of mustard, which, when it is sown in the ground, is less 
than all seeds that are in the ground ; 32 yet, when it is sown, 
it grows up, and becomes larger than all garden-plants, and 
sends out great branches, so that the birds of the air can roost 
under its shadow. 

33 And with many such parables he spoke the word to them, 
as they were able to hear. 34 But without a parable he did 
not speak to them; but when alone, he explained all things to 
his disciples. 

35 And on the same day, when it was evening, he said to 
them : Let us go over to the opposite side. 36 And when they 
had sent the multitude away, they took him with them, as he 
was in the ship; and there were other little ships with him. 
37 And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves dashed 
into the ship, so that it was now full. 38 And he was in the 
hinder part of the ship, asleep on the pillow. And they awoke 
him, and said to him : Teacher, carest thou not that we perish ? 
39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: 
Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great 
calm. 40 And he said to them: Why are you so fearful? How' 
is it that you have no faith ? 41 And they were greatly afraid, 
and said one to another : Who, then, is this, that even the wind 
and the sea obey him ? 

V. 1 And they came to the opposite side of the sea, into the 
country of the Gadarenes. 2 And when he had come out of the 



86 MARK. [v. 

ship, immediately there met him from the tombs a man with 
an unclean spirit, 3 who had his dwelling among the tombs ; and 
no one could keep him bound even with chains; 4 because he 
had often been bound with fetters and chains, and the chains 
had been pulled to pieces by him, and the fetters had been 
broken, and no one had strength to subdue him;, 5 and always, 
night and day, he was in the tombs, and in the mountains, 
crying out, and cutting himself with stones. 

6 And when he saw Jesus at a distance, he ran and did him 
homage; 7 and crying out with a loud voice, he said: What 
have I to do with thee, Jesus, Son of God Most High? I ad- 
jure thee by God, that thou torment me not. 8 For he had said 
to him: Unclean spirit, come out of the man. 9 And he asked 
him : What is your name ? And he said to him : My name is 
Legion; for we are many. 10 And he earnestly besought him 
that he would not send them out of the country. 

11 Now a great herd of swine was feeding there near the 
mountain. 12 And the demons besought him, saying : Send us 
to the swine, that we may enter into them. 13 And Jesus im- 
mediately gave them leave. And the unclean spirits came out 
and entered into the swine; and the herd (they were about 
two thousand,) rushed down a steep place into the sea, and 
were strangled in the sea. 14 And those who fed them fled, and 
told it in the city, and in the country. And they came out to 
see what had been done; 15 and they came to Jesus and saw 
the demoniac, who had had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and 
in his right mind : and they were afraid. 

16 And those who had seen it told them how it had happened 
to the demoniac, and also concerning the swine. 17 And they 
began to beseech him to depart from their borders. 18 And 
when he had entered the ship, he that had been possessed with 



v.] MARK. 87 

the demons besought him that he might be with him. w And 
he did not permit him, but said to him : Go home to your rela- 
tives, and make known to them what things the Lord has done 
for you, and that he has had compassion on you. 20 Aud he 
went away and began to proclaim in Decapolis what things 
Jesus had done for him. And all were astonished. 

21 And when Jesus had again gone over in the ship to the 
opposite side, a great multitude came together to him; and he 
was near the sea. 22 And behold, there came one of the rulers 
of the synagogue, named Jairus; and when he saw him, he fell 
at his feet, 23 and besought him earnestly, saying: My little 
daughter is at the point of death ; come, lay thy hands on her, 
that she may be saved, and she will live. ^And he went with 
him; and a great multitude followed him, and pressed upon 
him. 

25 And a certain woman who had had an issue of blood for 
twelve years, 26 and had suffered much from many physicians, 
and had spent all that she had, and was in no way benefited, 
but rather grew worse, 27 when she heard of Jesus, came be- 
hind him in the multitude, and touched his mantle; 28 for she 
said : If I may even touch his clothes, I shall be saved. 2a And 
immediately the fountain of her blood dried up, and she knew 
in her body that she was cured of that plague. 30 And Jesus, 
immediately perceiving in himself that power had gone forth 
from him, turned around in the multitude and said: "Who 
touched my clothes? 31 And his disciples said to him: Thou 
seest the multitude pressing upon thee, and dost thou say, 
Who touched me? 32 And he looked around to see her that 
had done this. 33 But the woman, fearing and trembling, know- 
ing what had been done within her, came and fell down be- 
fore him, and told him all the truth. 34 And he said to her: 



88 MAEK. [vi. 

Daughter, your faith, lias saved you; go in peace, and be cured 
of your plague. 

35 While he was yet speaking, some came from the ruler of 
the synagogue, who said : Your daughter is dead ; why give the 
Teacher further trouble? 36 But as soon as Jesus heard what 
was spoken, he said to the ruler of the synagogue : Pear not, 
only believe. 37 And he suffered no one to follow him, except 
Peter and James and John the brother of James. 38 And he 
came to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and saw the 
tumult, and those who were weeping and wailing greatly. 
39 And he went in and said to them: Why do you make a 
tumult and weep? The child is not dead, but sleeps. 40 And 
they derided him. But when he had put them all out, he 
took the father and mother of the child, and those who were 
with him, and went in where the child was lying. 41 And he 
took the child by the hand, and said to her : Talitha kumi ; 
which is, when translated, Maiden, (I say to you,) arise. 42 And 
the maiden immediately arose and walked, for she was twelve 
years old. And they were greatly astonished. 43 And he 
charged them strictly that no one should know this. And he 
commanded that something should be given her to eat. 

VI. -"-And he departed thence, and came into his own coun- 
try; and his disciples followed him. 2 And when the sabbath 
came, he began to teach in the synagogue. And many that 
heard him were astonished, and said : Whence has this man 
these things? and what wisdom is this -which is given to him, 
that even such mighty deeds are done by his hands ? 3 Is not 
this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and 
Joses and Judah and Simon? And are not his sisters here 
with us? And they found in him cause for offense. 4 But 



vi.] MAKE. 89 

Jesus said to them: A prophet is not without honor, unless in 
his own country, and among his own relatives, and in his own 
house. 5 And he was unable to do any mighty deed there, ex- 
cept' that he laid his hands on a few sick persons and cured 
them; 6 and he -wondered at their unbelief. 

And he went to the villages round about, and taught. 7 And 
he called to him the twelve, and began to send them out, two 
and two, and gave them authority over unclean spirits. 8 And 
he commanded them to take nothing for their journey, but a 
staff only; no bag, no bread, no money in their purses; 9 but 
to be shod with sandals, and not to put on two coats. 10 And 
he said to them : Wherever you enter a house, there make 
your home till you depart from that place. u And whoever 
will not receive you, nor hear you, when you go out from that 
place, shake off the dust under your feet, for a testimony 
against them. Verily I say to you, It shall be more tolerable 
for Sodom or Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that 
city. 12 And they went out and preached that men should re- 
pent ; 13 and they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil 
many that were sick, and cured them. 

14 And Herod the king heard of him, for his name had be- 
come known ; and he said : John the Immerser has risen from 
the dead, and for this reason, the powers of the spiritual world 
are active within him. 15 Others said: He is Elijah. Others 
said : He is a prophet like one of the prophets. 16 But when 
Herod heard of him, he said: John, whom I beheaded, has 
risen from the dead. 

1T Por Herod himself had sent and taken John, and bound 
him in prison on account of Herodias, the wife of his brother 
Philip; for he had married her. 18 For John said to Herod: 
It is not lawful for you to have your brother's wife. 19 And 



90 MAEK. [vi. 

Herodias was angry with him, and desired to have him killed, 
and was not able; 20 for Herod feared John, because he knew 
him to be a just and holy man; and he kept him in safety. 
And having heard him, he did many things, and heard him 
with pleasure. 

21 And a suitable day having come, when Herod, on his birth- 
day, made a supper for his great men, and his chief officers, 
" : and the first men of Galilee; 22 and the daughter of this He- 
rodias having come in, and danced, and pleased Herod and 
his guests, the king said to the maiden: Ask me what you 
will, and I will give it to you. 23 And he swore to her: What- 
ever you ask, I will give you, to the half of my kingdom. 

2 * But she went out, and said to her mother : What shall I 
ask? She replied: The head of John the Immerser. 25 And 
she came in immediately, with haste, to the king, and made 
her request, saying : I desire that you give me, at once, in a 
dish, the head of John the Immerser. 26 And the king was 
very sad; yet, on account of his oath and his guests, he would 
not reject her. 27 And the king immediately sent one of his 
guards, and commanded his head to be brought. 28 And he 
went and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head in 
a dish, and gave it to the maiden; and the maiden gave it to 
her mother. 29 And when his disciples heard of it, they came 
and took away his body, and laid it in a tomb. 

30 And the apostles came together to Jesus, and told him all 
things, both what they had done and what they had taught. 
31 And he said to them : Come yourselves privately into a desert 
place, and rest awhile. For there were many coming and 
going, and they had not leisure even to eat. 32 And they went 
away, by ship, into a desert place, privately. 

33 And many saw them departing, and recognized him; and 



VL] MARK. 91 

they ran thitlier on- foot from all the cities, and went before 
them, and came together to him. 34 And when Jesus came out, 
he saw a great multitude, and had compassion on them, because 
they were as sheep that had no shepherd. And he began to 
teach them many things. 

35 And when much of the day was now spent, his disciples 
came to him, and said : This is a desert place, and much of the 
day is now spent; 36 send them away, that they may go into the 
country and the villages round about, and buy bread for them- 
selves : for they have nothing to eat. 37 He answered and said 
to them: Do you give them food. And they said to him: 
Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread, and 
give them food ? 38 He said to them : How many loaves have 
you ? Go and see. And when they had learned, they said : 
Five, and two fishes. 39 And he commanded them to make all 
recline in table parties upon the green grass. 40 And they 
reclined in oblong squares, by hundreds, and by fifties. 41 And 
he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looked up to 
heaven, and blessed; and he broke the loaves, and gave them 
to the disciples to place before them. And he divided the two 
fishes among them all. 42 And they all ate, and were satisfied; 
43 and they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces, 
and of the fishes. 44 And those who ate of the loaves were 
about five thousand men. 

45 And he immediately compelled his disciples to get into the 
ship, and to go before him to the opposite side, to Bethsaida, 
while he sent the multitude away. 46 And when he had sent 
them away, he went into the mountain to pray. 

47 And when evening came, the ship was in the midst of the 
sea, and he alone upon the land. 48 And he saw them toiling 
in rowing; for the wind was against them. And about the 



92 MARK. [VIL 

fourth, wateli of the night, he came to them, walking on the 
sea, and intended to pass by them. 49 But when they saw him 
walking on the sea, they thought it was a specter, and cried 
out; 50 for they all saw him, and were troubled. And he 
immediately spoke to them, and said: Take courage; it is I; 
be not afraid. 51 And he went up to them into the ship; and 
the wind ceased. And they were greatly amazed in themselves 
beyond measure, and wondered ; 62 for they had learned nothing 
from the loaves : for their heart was hardened. 

63 And when they had passed over, they came to the land of 
Gennesaret, and drew the ship ashore. 54 And when they had 
come out of the ship, the people immediately recognized him, 
55 and -ran through the whole of that region round about, and 
began to carry the sick on beds, wherever they heard that he 
was. 56 And whatever place he entered, whether villages or 
cities or country, they laid the sick in the market-places, and 
besought him that they might touch even the fringe of his 
mantle : and as many as touched him were saved. 

VII. x And there came together to him the Pharisees, and 
some of the scribes, who had come from Jerusalem : 2 and when 
they saw some of his disciples eating bread with common, that 
is, with unwashed hands : 3 (for the Pharisees and all the Jews 
eat not, unless they wash their hands carefully, because they 
hold the tradition of the elders: 4 and when they come from 
the market, they do not eat, unless they immerse themselves. 
And there are many other things, which they have received 
to hold, as the immersion of cups and pitchers and brazen 
vessels and beds:) 5 then the Pharisees and the scribes asked 
him : Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradi- 
tion of the elders, but eat bread with unwashed hands? He 



VIL] MABK. 93 

answered and said to them : Well did Isaiali prophesy of you 
hypocrites, as it is written, This people honors me with their 
lips, but their heart is far from me. 7 In vain do they worship 
me, teaching precepts, the commandments of men. 8 For, neg- 
lecting the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of 
men, the immersion of pitchers and cups; and many other 
things like these you do. 

9 And he said to them: Well do you reject the command- 
ment of God, that you may keep your own tradition. 10 For 
Moses said : Honor your father and your mother ; and, He that 
curses father or mother shall surely be put to death. "But 
you say : If a man shall say to his father or mother, What- 
ever of mine might benefit you, is Gorban, (which means, a 
gift,) 12 you no longer suffer him to do any thing for his father 
or mother, "making the word of God of no effect by your tra- 
dition, which you have delivered; and many things 'like these 
you do. 

14 And he called the whole multitude to him, and said to them : 
Hear me, all of you, and understand. 15 There is nothing with- 
out that, by entering into a man, can defile him. But those 
things which come out of the man, defile him. 16 If any one 
has ears to hear, let him hear. 

17 And when he had gone into the house, away from the mul- 
titude, his disciples asked him about the dark saying. 18 And 
he said to them: Are you also so 'void of understanding? Do 
you not perceive that nothing from without, by entering into a 
man, can defile him ? 19 Because it does not enter into his 
heart, but into his belly, and goes out into the sink, cleansing 
all food. 20 And he said : What comes out of the man, is that 
which defiles the man. 21 For from within, out of the heart of 
men, proceed the purposes which are evil: adulteries, lewd 



94 MAE-K. [vii. 

conduct, murders, 22 thefts, schemes for extortion, wicked deeds, 
deceit, wantonness, an evil eye, calumny, haughtiness, impiety. 
23 All these evil things come forth from within, and defile the 
man. 

24 And he arose and departed thence to the borders of Tyre 
and Sidon. And he entered a house, and desired that no one 
should know it; but he could not escape notice. 25 Por a 
woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of 
him, and came and fell at his feet ; 26 (the woman was a Greek, 
a Syrophenician by nation,) and she besought him to cast the 
demon out of her daughter. 27 But Jesus said to her : Let the 
children be satisfied first; for it is not good to take the chil- 
dren's bread and throw it to the little dogs. 28 She answered 
and said to him : Yes, Lord ; and yet you can help me, for the 
little dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. 29 And 
he said to her : For this saying, go your way : the demon has 
gone out of your daughter. 30 And she went to her house, and 
found the demon gone out, and her daughter lying upon the 
bed. 

31 And again he went out from the borders of Tyre and 
Sidon, and came to the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the 
borders of Decapolis. 32 And they brought to him a deaf man, 
who spoke with difficulty ; and they besought him to lay his 
hand upon him. 33 And he took him aside from the multitude, 
and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his 
tongue; 34 and looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said to 
him : Ephphatha, which means, Be opened. 36 And immediately 
his ears were opened, and the band of his tongue was loosed, 
and he spoke plainly. 3e And he charged them to tell no one ; 
but the more he charged them, the more earnestly they pub- 
lished it. 37 And they were amazed beyond measure, and said : 



vm.] MASK. 95 

He has done all things well : he makes the deaf hear and the 
dumb speak. 

VIII. * In those days, the multitude being very great, and 
having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples to him and 
said to them : 2 1 have compassion on the multitude, because 
they have continued with me now three days, and have noth- 
ing to eat. 3 And if I send them home fasting, they will faint* 
on the way; for some of them have come from afar. *And his 
disciples answered him : Whence will any one be able to satisfy 
these men with bread, here in the wilderness ? 5 And he asked 
them : How many loaves have you ? And they said : Seven. 
6 And he commanded the multitude to recline on the ground. 
And he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and broke 
them, and gave them to the disciples to set before them : and 
they set them before the multitude. 7 And they had a few small 
fishes; and he blessed, and commanded that they also be set 
before them. 8 And they ate, and were satisfied; and they took 
up what remained of the broken pieces, seven baskets. 9 And 
those who had eaten were about four thousand; and he sent 
them away. 

10 And he immediately entered the ship with his disciples, 
and went into the regions of Dalmanutha. H And the Phari- 
sees came out, and began to put questions to him, asking of 
him a sign from heaven, that they might tempt him. 12 And 
he sighed deeply in his spirit, and said : Why does this genera- 
tion seek for a sign? Verily I say to you, No sign will be 
given to this generation. 13 And he left them, and entered the 
ship again, and departed to the opposite side. 

14 And. they had forgotten to take bread; and they had but 
one loaf with them in the ship. 15 And he charged them, say- 



96 MAEK. [vin. 

ing : Take heed, and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and 
of the leaven of Herod. 16 And they reasoned with one an- 
other, saying: It is because we have no bread. 1T And Jesus 
perceived it, and said to them : Why do you reason, because 
you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive, nor understand? 
Is your heart still hardened? 18 Having eyes, do you not see? 
and having ears, do you not hear? and do you not remember? 
* 19 When I broke the five loaves among the five thousand, how 
many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up? They 
said to him: Twelve. 20 When I broke the seven among the 
four thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you 
take up? They replied: Seven. 21 And he said to them: How 
is it that you do not understand? 

22 And he came to Bethsaida; and they brought to him a 
blind man, and besought him to touch him. 23 And he took 
the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the 'village. 
And he spit on his eyes, and laid his hands on him, and asked 
him if he saw any thing. ^And he looked up and said: I see 
men, like trees, walking. ^ Then he again laid his hands on 
his eyes, and made him look up. And he was restored, and 
saw all things clearly. . z6 And he sent him away to- his house, 
and said : Neither go into the village, nor tell it to any one in 
the village. 

27 And Jesus and his disciples went out into the villages of 
Csesarea Philippi. And on the road, he asked his disciples, 
saying to them: Who do men say that I am? ^They an- 
swered : John the Immerser ; and others, Elijah ; and others, 
one of the prophets. 29 And he said to them: But who say 
you that I am ? Peter answered and said to him : Thou art 
the Christ. 30 And he charged them to tell no one concerning 
him. 



ix.] MARK. 97 

31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must 
suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and the chief 
priests, and the scribes, and be put to death, and after three 
days rise again. 32 And he spoke this saying plainly. x\nd 
Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. 33 But he 
turned about, and, looking on his -disciples, rebuked Peter, say- 
ing : Get behind me, adversary : for you are not thinking of 
the things of God, but of the things of men. 

34 And he called to him the multitude with his disciples, and 
said to them : Whoever determines to follow after me, let him 
deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. 35 For 
whoever will save his life, shall lose it; but whoever will lose 
his life for my sake and the gospel's, shall save it. 3G For what 
will it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and lose his 
own life ? 3T Or, what will a man give as a ransom for his 
life ? 38 For whoever will be ashamed of me, and my words, 
in this sinful and adulterous generation, of him the Son of man 
also will be ashamed, when he comes in the glory of his Father, 
with the holy angels. 

IX. -"-And he said to them: Verily I say to you, There are 
some of these standing here who shall not taste of death, till 
they see the kingdom of God come in power. 

2 And after six days, Jesus took with him Peter and James 
and John, and led them up alone into a high mountain apart; 
and he was transfigured before them ; 3 and his raiment became 
shilling, exceeding white like snow, as no fuller on earth could 
whiten them. *And there appeared to them Elijah, with Moses; 
and they were talking with Jesus. 5 And Peter answering, said 
to 3 isus : Eabbi, it is good for us to be here ; and let us make 
three tents, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elriah. 
7 



98 MARK, [ix. 

6 For lie knew not what to say, for they were greatly afraid. 
7 And there was a cloud that overshadowed them; and a voice 
came from the cloud, This is my beloved Son; hear him. 
8 And suddenly looking around, they no longer saw any one but 
Jesus only with themselves. 

9 And as they were coming down from the mountain, he 
charged them to tell no one what they had seen, till the Son 
of man should rise from the dead. 10 And they kept the matter 
to themselves, inquiring of one another what the rising from 
the dead could mean. n And they asked him, saying: Why do 
the scribes say that Elijah must come first? 12 And he an- 
swered and said to them : Elijah comes first, and restores all 
things, and, as it is written of the Son of man, that he must 
suffer many things, and be despised, so Elijah is to suffer. 
13 But I say to you, that Elijah has already come, and they 
have done to him what they wished : [as it is written of him.] 

14 And when he came to his disciples, he saw a great multi- 
tude about them, and scribes disputing with them. 15 A.nd at 
once, all the multitude, on seeing him, were struck with awe, 
and ran to him and saluted him. 16 And he asked the scribes: 
Why are you disputing with them? 17 And one of the multi- 
tude answered and said : Teacher, I brought to you my son, 
who has a dumb spirit. 18 And wherever it seizes him, it 
throws him into convulsions; and he foams, and gnashes with 
his teeth, and pines away: and I spoke to your disciples to 
cast him out, and they were not able. 19 And he answered 
them, and said : faithless generation ! how long shall I be 
with you ? how long shall I bear with you ? Bring him to me. 
20 And they brought him to him. And when he saw him, the 
spirit immediately threw him into convulsions ; and he fell on 
the ground, and rolled himself, foaming. 



ix.] MAEK. 99 

21 And he asked his father : How long is it since this came 
upon him? He replied: From childhood. ^And often it 
throws him into the fire, and into the water, to destroy him. 
But if you are able to do any thing, have compassion on us, 
and help us. 23 Jesus said to him : If you are able to believe, 
all things are possible to him that believes. 24 And immedi- 
ately the father of the child cried out, and with tears said : 
Lord, I believe; help my unbelief. 25 When Jesus saw that 
a multitude came running together, he rebuked the unclean 
spirit, and said to it : Dumb and deaf spirit, I command you, 
come out of him, and enter into him no more. 26 And the spirit 
cried out, and threw him into strong convulsions, and came out 
of him ; and he was like one dead, so that many said : He is 
dead. 27 But Jesus took him by the hand, and lifted him up, 
and he arose. 

28 And when he had come into the house, his disciples asked 
him privately: Why were we not able to cast it out? 29 And 
he said to them: This kind can go out by nothing, but by 
prayer and fasting. 

30 And they departed thence, and passed through Galilee; 
and he wished no one to know it. 31 For he taught his disci- 
ples, and said to them : The Son of man is to be delivered into 
the hands of men, and they will put him to death; and after 
he is put to death, he will rise on the third day. 32 But they 
did not understand this saying, and they were afraid to ques- 
tion him. 

33 And he came into Capernaum; and when he was in the 
house, he asked them : What were you disputing about among 
yourselves along the road ? 3 * But they were silent. For they 
had been disputing with one another along the road which was 
greatest. 35 And he sat down and called the twelve, and said 



100 MAKK. [ix, 

to them : If any one desires to be first, he shall be last of all, 
and servant of all. 36 And he took a little child, and placed it 
in the midst of them; and when he had taken it in his arms, 
he said to them: 3T "Whoever will receive one of such children 
on my account, receives me; and whoever will receive me, re- 
ceives not me, but him that sent me. 

38 And John answered him and said: Teacher, we saw one 
casting out demons in thy name, and he does not follow us: and 
we forbade him, because he does not follow us. 39 But Jesus 
said : Forbid him not ; for there is no one that will do a mighty 
deed in my name, and be able readily to speak evil of me. 
40 For he that is not against us, is for us. 41 For whoever will 
give you a cup of water to drink on this account, because you 
are Christ's, verily I say to you, he shall not lose his re- 
ward. 

42 And whoever will ensnare one of these little ones that 
believe on me, it would be better for him if a millstone were 
hung about his neck, and he were thrown into the sea. 43 And 
if your hand ensnare you, cut it off: it is better for you to 
enter maimed into life, than having two hands to go away 
into hell, into the fire that is not quenched, ** where their worm 
dies not, and the fire is not quenched. 45 And if your foot en- 
snare you, cut it off : it is better for you to enter into life lame, 
than having two feet to be thrown into hell, into the fire that 
is not quenched, 46 where their worm dies not, and the fire is not 
quenched. 47 And if your eye ensnare you, pull it out: it is 
better for you to enter into the kingdom of Grod with one eye, 
than having two eyes to be thrown into hell-fire, 48 where their 
worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched. * 9 For every one 
shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be seasoned 
with salt. 50 Salt is good; but if the salt shall have become 



x.] MARK. 101 

saltless, by what means will you season ifc ? Have salt in your- 
selves, and be at peace with one another. 



X. 1 And he arose and went thence into the borders of 
Judea, by the other side of the Jordan. And the multitudes 
again came together to him ; and, as his custom was, he taught 
them again. 

2 And the Pharisees came to him, and that they might tempt 
him, asked him the question: Is it lawful for a man to put 
away his wife ? 3 He answered and said to them : What com- 
mandment did Moses give you? 4 They replied: Moses per- 
mitted us to write a bill of divorce, and put her away. 5 And 
Jesus answered and said to them : On account of the hardness 
of your hearts, he wrote this commandment for you. 6 But 
from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and 
female. 7 For this cause shall a man leave his father and 
mother, and shall be joined to his wife; 8 and the two shall be 
one flesh. So, then, they are no longer two, but one flesh. 
9 Therefore, what God has joined together, let not man put 
asunder. > 

10 And in the house, his disciples again asked him about the 
same matter. n And he said to them : Whoever puts away his 
wife, and marries another, commits adultery against her; 12 and 
if a woman puts away her husband, and is married to another, 
she commits adultery. 

13 And they brought little children to him, that he might 
touch them : but his disciples rebuked those who brought them. 
14 And when Jesus saw it, he was displeased, and said to them : 
Let the little children come to me, and forbid them not; for of 
such is the kingdom of God. 15 Verily I say to you, Whoever 
will not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, shall not 



102 MAEK. [x. 

enter into it. 16 And lie took them in his arms, laid his hands 
on them, and blessed them. 

"And as he was going forth into the road, one ran and 
bowed the knee to him, and asked him : Good Teacher, what 
shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? 18 Jesus said to him: 
Why do you call me good? None is good but one, that is 
G-od. 19 You know the commandments, You shall not commit 
adultery; You shall not kill; You shall not steal; You shall 
not give false testimony; You shall not defraud; Honor your 
father and mother. 20 He answered and said to him : Teacher, 
all these I have kept from my youth. 21 And Jesus, looking 
on him, loved him, and said to him: One thing you lack; go, 
sell whatever you have, and give to the poor, and you shall 
have treasure in heaven : and come, take up the cross, and fol- 
low me, 22 But becoming sad at that saying, he went away 
sorrowful : for he had great possessions. 

23 And Jesus looked around, and said to his disciples : With 
what difficulty will those who have riches enter into the king- 
dom of God! M And his disciples were amazed at his words. 
But Jesus, answering again, said to them : Children, how hard 
it is for those who trust in riches to enter the kingdom of 
God ! 26 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a 
needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. 
26 And they were astonished beyond measure, and said among 
themselves : Who, then, can be saved ? 27 Jesus looked on them 
and said : With men this is impossible, but not with God ; for 
with God all things are possible. 

28 And Peter began to say to him : Behold, we have left all 
and followed thee. 29 And Jesus answering, said : Verily I say 
to you, There is no one that has left house, or brothers, or 
sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for 



x.] MASK. 103 

my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, 30 who shall not re- 
ceive a hundred-fold, now in this time, houses and brothers and 
sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions ; 
and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 But many that are 
first shall be last; and the last first. 

32 And they were in the road going up to Jerusalem; and 
Jesus went before them; and they were amazed, and as they 
followed, they were afraid. And again taking the twelve aside, 
he began to tell them what was about to befall him. 33 Behold, 
we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man will be de- 
livered to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will con- 
demn him to death, and deliver him to the G-entiles; 34 and 
they will deride him, and scourge him, and spit upon him, and 
kill him, and on the third day he will rise again. 

35 And James and John the sons of Zebedee came to him, 
and said: Teacher, we desire you to do for us whatever we 
shall ask. 3G He said to them : What do you wish me to do for 
you ? 37 They said to him : Grant to us that we may sit, one 
on thy right hand, and one on thy left, in thy glory. 38 Jesus 
said to them : You know not what you ask. Are you able to 
drink the cup that I drink, and to be immersed with the 
immersion with which I am immersed ? 39 They said to him : 
We are able. Jesus said to them: You shall drink the cup 
that I drink, and you shall be immersed with the immersion 
with which I am immersed. 40 But to sit on my right hand 
and on my left, is not mine to give ; but it shall be given to 
those for whom it is prepared. 

41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be displeased 
with James and John. 42 But Jesus called them to him, and 
said to them : You know that those who think they rule the 
Gentiles, act as lords over them; and their great men exercise 



104: MAEK. [xi. 

authority over them. 43 But it shall not be so among you. 
But whoever desires to be great among you, shall be your min- 
ister ; ^and whoever among you desires to be first, shall be 
servant of all. 45 Por the Son of man came not to be minis- 
tered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for 
many. 

46 And they came to. Jericho: and as he was going out of 
Jericho, with his disciples and a great multitude, blind Bar- 
timaaus, the son of Timsaus, was sitting on the roadside, beg- 
ging. 4T And when he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, 
he began to cry out and say: Jesus, son of David, have mercy 
on me ! 48 And many rebuked him, that he should be silent. 
But he cried out yet the more : Son of David, have mercy on 
me! 49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be 
called. And they called the blind man, and said to him: Take 
courage ; arise, he calls you. 50 And throwing away his man- 
tle, he arose, and came to Jesus. 51 And Jesus answered and 
said to him : What do you wish me to do for you ? The 
blind man said to him : Eabboni, that I may receive my sight. 
52 And Jesus said to him : Go, your faith has saved you. And 
he immediately received his sight, and followed Jesus on the 
road. 

XI. 1 And when they drew near to Jerusalem, as far as 
Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he sent two 
of his disciples, 2 and said to them: Go into the village oppo- 
site you ; and as soon as you enter it, you will find a colt tied, 
on which no man ever sat. Loose him and bring him. 3 And 
if any say to you : Why are you doing this ? say that the Lord 
has need of him; and he will immediately send him hither. 
4 And they went and found the colt tied near the door without, 



XL] MAKE. 105 

in the street. And they loosed him. 5 And some of those who 
were standing there, said to them: "Why are you loosing the 
colt? 6 And they said to them as Jesus had commanded; and 
they gave them permission. 7 And they brought the colt to 
Jesus, and put their mantles upon him, and he sat on him. 

8 And many spread their mantles in the road, and others cut 
branches from the trees, and spread them in the road. 9 And 
those who went before, and those who followed after, cried, 
saying: Hosanna. Blessed is he that comes in the name of 
the Lord. 10 Blessed is the coming kingdom of our Father 
David. - Hosanna in the highest. 

11 And Jesus entered Jerusalem, and went into the temple; 
and when he had looked around on all things, the hour being 
now late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve. 

12 And on the morrow, as they were coming from Bethany, he 
was hungry; 13 and he saw at a distance a fig-tree that had 
leaves; and he went, if perhaps he might find any thing on it. 
And when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves ; for it 
was not the time for figs. w And he answered and said to it: 
No more may any one ever eat fruit from you. And his dis- 
ciples heard it. 

15 And they came into Jerusalem; and Jesus entered the 
temple, and began to drive out those who sold, and those who 
bought in the temple; and he overturned the tables of the 
money-changers, and the seats of those who sold doves. 16 And 
he suffered no one to carry a vessel through the temple. 1T And 
he taught, saying to them : Is it not written, My house shall 
be called the house of prayer for all nations ? But you have 
made it a den of robbers. 18 And the scribes and the chief 
priests heard him ; and they sought how they might destroy 
him; for they feared him, because all the multitude were as- 



106 MABK. [XL 

tonisbed at Ms teaching. 19 And when evening had come, he 
went out of the city. 

20 And in the morning, as they were passing by, they saw 
the fig-tree withered from the roots. 21 And Peter, calling his 
words to mind, said to him : Sabbi, see ! the fig- tree which 
thou didst curse has withered. 22 And Jesus answered and 
said to them : Have faith in God. ^ For, verily I say to you, 
that whoever will say to this mountain, Be removed, and be 
cast into the sea, and will not doubt in his heart, but believe 
that what he says will come to pass, he shall have whatever 
he says. M For this reason I say to you : All things that you 
ask for in prayer, believe that you will receive them, and 
they shall be yours. 2B And when you stand praying, forgive, 
if you have any thing against any one, that your Father also 
who is in heaven may forgive you your offenses. 26 But il you 
do not forgive, your -Father who is in heaven will not forgive 
your offenses. 

27 And they came again into Jerusalem; and as he was walk- 
ing in the temple, there came to him the chief priests and the 
scribes and the elders, 28 and said to him : By what authority 
do you these things? and who gave you this authority to 
do these things? 29 And Jesus answered and said to them: 
I also will ask you one thing, and if you answer me, I will 
also tell you by what authority I do these things. 80 Was the 
immersion of John from heaven, or from men ? answer me. 

31 And they reasoned with themselves, saying : If we say, From 
heaven, he will reply, Why, then, did you not believe him? 

32 But if we say, From men, they feared the people ; for all re- 
garded John as a prophet indeed. 33 And they answered and said 
to Jesus : "We do not know. And Jesus answering, said to them : 
Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things. 



XIL] MARK. 107 

XII. x And he began to speak to them in parables : A man 
planted a vineyard, and set a hedge around it, and digged a 
wine-press, and built -a tower, and let it out to vine-dressers, 
and went into another country. 2 And at the proper time, he 
sent a servant to the vine-dressers, that he might receive from 
the vine-dressers of the fruit of the vineyard. 3 And they took 
him and scourged him, and sent him away without any thing. 
* And again he sent to them another servant ; and at him they 
threw stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away 
shamefully treated. 6 And again he sent another; and him 
they killed. And he sent many others, some of whom they 
scourged, and some they killed. 6 Therefore, having yet one 
son, his beloved, he sent him also to them last, saying, They 
will reverence my son. 7 But those vine-dressers said one to 
another, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the in- 
heritance will be ours. 8 And they took him, and killed him, 
and threw him out of the vineyard. 9 What, then, will the 
owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy those 
vine-dressers, and give his vineyard to others. 10 Have you 
not read this scripture : The stone which the builders rejected 
has become the head of the corner; H this was from the Lord, 
and it is wondrous in our eyes ? 

12 And they sought to take him, but feared the multitude; 
for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them; 
and they left him, and went away. 

13 And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and of the 
Herodians, that they might entrap him in his words. - 14 And 
they came and said to him : Teacher, we know that you are 
true, and that you care for no one ; for you do not regard the 
person of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it law- 
ful to give tribute to Cassar, or not ? 15 Must we give, or must 



108 MARK. [in. 

we not give ? But, knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them : 
Why do you tempt me ? Bring me a denarius, that I may see 
it. 1G They brought it; and he said to them: Whose image 
and superscription is this ? They said to him : Caesar's. 17 And 
Jesus answered and said to them : Give to Caesar the things 
that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And 
they were astonished at him. 

18 And the Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection, 
came to him, and pnt a question to him, saying: 19 Teacher, 
Moses wrote for us, If any man's brother die, and leave a 
wife, and leave no children, his brother shall take his wife, and 
raise up children for his brother. 20 Now there were seven 
brothers; and the first took a wife, and dying, left no child; 
21 and the second took her, and he died, and left no child ; and 
the third, likewise ; 22 and the seven took her, and left no child. 
Last of all, the woman also died. 23 Therefore, in the resurrec- 
tion, when they rise, of which of them shall she be the wife ? 
for the seven had her as a wife. M And Jesus answered and 
said to them: Do you not err for this reason, because you 
know not the scriptures, nor the power of God? Z5 Por when 
they rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in 
marriage, but are as the angels in heaven. 26 But concerning 
the dead, that they do rise, have you not read in the book of 
Moses, at The Bush, how God spoke to him, saying, I am the 
God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob ? 
27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. Therefore, 
you do greatly err. 

28 And one of the scribes came, and heard them reasoning 
together ; and perceiving that he had answered them well, he 
asked him : Which is the first commandment of all ? 29 And 
Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, 



XIL] MAKE. 109 

Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. 30 And you shall love 
the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your 
whole soul, and with your whole mind, and with your whole 
strength. This is the first commandment. 31 And the second, 
which is like it, is this : You shall love your neighbor as your- 
self. There is no other commandment greater than these. 
32 And the scribe said to him: Teacher, in truth you have well 
said, that there is one God, and there is no other beside him; 
33 and to love him with the whole heart, and with the whole 
understanding, and with the whole soul, and with the whole 
strength, and to love one's neighbor as himself, is more than 
all whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices. 34 And Jesus perceiv- 
ing that he answered with understanding, said to him : You 
are not far from the kingdom of God. And no one, after that, 
ventured to ask him a question. 

35 And Jesus, as he was teaching in the temple, answered and 
said : How say the scribes that the Christ is the son of David ? 
36 For David himself said by the Holy Spirit: The Lord said to 
my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I make thy enemies thy 
footstool. 37 David himself, then, calls him Lord ; and how is 
he his son ? And the great multitude heard him with pleasure. 

38 And he said to them in his teaching : Beware of the scribes, 
who love to walk in robes, and love salutations in the markets, 
39 and the first seats in the synagogues, and the first places at 
suppers; 40 who eat up the houses of widows, and, as a pretext, 
make long prayers : these shall receive more abundant con- 
demnation. 

41 And Jesus, sitting opposite the treasury, observed how the 
multitude threw money into the treasury. And many rich 
persons threw in much. 42 And there came one poor widow, 
and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. 43 And 



110 M A B K . [xm. 

lie called his disciples to him, and said to them : Verily I say 
to you, this poor widow has thrown in more than all that have 
thrown into the treasury. "For all have thrown in out of their 
abundance; but she, out of her poverty, has thrown in all that 
she had, her whole living. 

XIII. 1 And as he was going out from the temple, one of 
his disciples said to him: Teacher, see what stones and what 
buildings! 2 And Jesus answering, said to him: Do you see 
these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone upon 
another, that shall not be thrown down. 

3 And as he sat on the mount of Olives, opposite the temple, 
Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately : 
4 Tell us, when shall these things be? And what shall be 
the sign when all these things are about to be accomplished? 
5 Jesus answering them, began to say: Take heed, lest any one 
deceive you. "For many will come in my name, saying, I am 
he, and will deceive many. 7 But when you hear of wars and 
rumors of wars, be not troubled ; for these things must be : but 
not yet is the end. 8 For nation will rise against nation, and 
kingdom against kingdom: and there will be earthquakes in 
various places, and there will be famines, and tumults. 9 These 
are the beginning of sorrows. But take heed to yourselves ; 
for they will deliver you up to councils, and you will be 
scourged in the synagogues; and you will stand before gov- 
ernors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them, 
10 And the gospel must first be preached among all the nations. 

11 But when they lead you to deliver you up, be not anxious 
beforehand, nor premeditate what you shall speak; but what- 
ever shall be given you in that hour, that do you speak; for it 
is not you that speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12 Brother will de- 



XIIL] MABK. . Ill 

liver up brother to death, and the father the child; and children 
will rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to 
death ; 13 and you will be hated by all on my account. But he 
that endures to the end shall be saved. 

14 But when you see that detestable thing that makes deso- 
late, which is spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where 
it ought not, (let him that reads understand,) then let those 
who are in Judea flee to the mountains ; 15 let not him that is 
on the house-top go down into his house, nor enter in to take 
any thing from his house; 16 and let not him that is in the 
field turn back to take his mantle. "But alas for those who 
are with child, and for those who give suck in .those days. 
18 And pray that your flight may not be in the winter. 19 Por 
these will be the days of affliction, such as has not been from 
the beginning of the creation which God created, till this time, 
and will never be. 20 And unless the Lord had made those 
days few, no flesh could be saved: but for the sake of the 
elect whom he has chosen, he has made those days few. 21 And 
then, if any one say to you : Lo ! here is the Christ, or, Lo ! 
there; believe him not. 22 For false Christs and false prophets 
will arise, and will show signs and wonders, in order to lead 
astray, if possible, even the elect. 23 But do you take heed : 
behold, I have told you all things beforehand. 

24 But in those days, after that affliction, the sun will be 
darkened, and the moon will not give her light, 25 and the stars 
of heaven will fall, and the hosts that are in the heavens will 
be shaken. 26 And then shall they see the Son of man coming 
in clouds with great power and glory. 27 And then will he 
send his angels, and gather his elect from the four winds, from 
the most distant part of earth to the most distant part of 
heaven. 



112 MARK, [xiv. 

28 But learn a parable from the fig-tree : As soon as its branch 
becomes tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that summer 
is near. 29 So, also, when you see these things coming to pass, 
know that it is near, at the doors. 30 Verily I say to you, this 
generation shall not pass away, till all these things take place. 
31 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not. 
pass away. 32 But of that day or that hour no one knows: 
neither the angels who are in heaven, nor the Son, but the 
Father. 

33 Take heed, watch and pray : for you know not when the 
time is. 3 *As a man, going into another country, leaves his 
house, and gives authority to his servants, and to each one his 
own work, and commands the door-keeper to watch; 35 watch 
you therefore; for you know not when the master of the house 
comes, whether at evening, or at midnight, or at the crowing 
of the cock, or in the morning; 36 lest he come suddenly, and 
find you sleeping. 37 What I say to you, I say to all, "Watch. 

XIV. * After two days was the passover and the feast of 
unleavened bread; and the chief priests and the scribes sought 
how they might take him by craft, and kill him. 2 But they 
said : Not during the feast, lest there be a tumult of the people. 

3 And while he was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the 
leper, as he reclined at table, there came a woman that had an 
alabaster box of ointment of pure nard, very costly; and she 
broke the box, and poured it on his head. 4 And some of them 
were displeased within themselves, and said : For what purpose 
was this waste of the ointment? 6 For this ointment could 
have been sold for more than three hundred denarii, and given 
to the poor. And they murmured against her. 

c But Jesus said : Let her alone ; why do you trouble her ? 



xiv.] MAKE. 113 

She has performed a good work on me. 7 For you have the 
poor with you always ; and whenever you choose, you can do 
them good ; but me you have not always. 8 She has done what 
she could; she has come beforehand to anoint my body for its 
burial. 9 Verily I say to you, wherever this gospel shall be 
preached throughout the whole world, this also which she has 
done shall be told, for a memorial of her. 

10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went away to the 
chief priests, that he might deliver him up to them. u And 
when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him 
money. And he sought how he might conveniently deliver 
him up. 

12 And on the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed 
the passover, his disciples . said to him: Where dost thou wish 
that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover? 
13 And he sent two of his disciples, and said to them: Go into 
the city, and there will meet you a man carrying a pitcher of 
water ; H follow him, and wherever he enters, say to the master 
of the house : The Teacher says, Where is the room in which I 
may eat the passover with my disciples ? 15 And he will show 
you a large upper room, furnished and made ready; there 
make ready for us. 16 And his disciples went out, and came 
into the city, and found as he had said to them ; and they pre- 
pared the passover. 

17 And in the evening, he came with the twelve. 18 And 
while they were reclining at table, and were eating, Jesus said 
to them : Verily I say to you, One of you, he that eats with 
me, will deliver me up. 19 And they began to be sad, and to 
say to him, one by one, Is it I ? and another said, Is it I ? 
20 He answered and said to them : It is one of the twelve, he 
that dips with me into the dish. 21 The Son of man goes, as it 
8 



114 MASK, [xiv. 

is written of Mm; but alas for that man by whom the Son of 
man is delivered up ! It would have been good for that man 
if he had never been born. 

22 And while they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, 
and broke it, and gave it to them, and said : Take, eat ; this is 
my body. 23 And he took the cup, and when he had given 
thanks, he gave it to them; and they all drank of it. ^And 
he said to them : This is my blood of the new covenant, which 
is poured out for many. 25 Verily I say to you, I shall drink 
no more of the fruit of the vine, till that day when I shall 
drink it new in the kingdom of God. 

26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the 
mount of Olives. 27 And Jesus said to them: All of you will 
find in me an occasion for offense this night; for it is written: 
I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered. 

28 But after I have risen, I will go before you into Galilee. 

29 Peter said to him : Though all should find occasion for of- 
fense, yet I will not. 30 And Jesus said to him : Verily I say 
to you, this day, during this very night, before the cock crows 
twice, you will deny me three times. 31 But he said with the 
more vehemence : Though it should be necessary for me to 
die with thee, I would not deny thee. And so said they all. 
32 And they came to a place called Gethsemane; and he said 
to his disciples: Sit here, while I pray. 33 And he took with 
him Peter and James and John, and began to be in dismay and 
anguish of soul. 34 And he said to them: My soul is encom- 
passed with sorrow, even to death; remain here, and watch. 

35 And he went forward a little, and fell upon the ground, and 
prayed, that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him; 

36 and he said : Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee ; 
let this cup pass from me: but not what I will, but what thou 



siv.] MARK. 115 

wiliest. 37 And lie came and found them sleeping; and lie said 
to Peter : Simon, do you sleep ? Had you. not strength to 
watch one hour ? 38 Watch, and pray, all of you, lest you enter 
into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is 
weak. 

39 And again he went away, and prayed, saying the same 
thing. 40 And he returned, and found them sleeping again, for 
their eyes were heavy; and they knew not what to answer 
him. 41 And he came the third time, and said to them : Sleep 
the remaining time, and take your rest. It is enough; the 
hour has come; behold, the Son of man is delivered into the 
hands of sinners. 42 Arise, let us go; behold, he that delivers 
me up draws near. 

43 And immediately, while he was yet speaking, came Judas, 
one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude, with swords 
and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the 
elders. 44 And he that delivered him up had given them a 
sign, saying: The one that I shall kiss, is he; take him, and 
lead him away securely. 45 And when he came, he immedi- 
ately went up to him and said : Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him. 
46 And they laid their hands on him and took him. 

47 And one of those who were standing by, drew a sword, 
and struck the servant of the chief priest, and cut off his ear. 
48 And Jesus answering, said to them : Have you come out as 
against a robber, with swords and clubs, to take me ? 49 1 was 
daily with you in the temple, and taught, and you did not take 
me; but this is so, that the scriptures may be fulfilled. 50 And 
they all forsook him and fled. 51 And there followed him a 
certain young man, who had a linen garment around his naked 
body. And the young men laid hold of him; B2 and he left the 
linen garment, and fled from them naked. 



H6 M A B K . [xiv. 

68 And they led Jesus away to the chief priest; and with him 
were assembled all the chief priests, and the elders, and the 
scribes. 5i And Peter followed him, at a distance, even into 
the palace of the chief priest, and sat with the attendants, and 
warmed himself at the fire. 55 And the chief priests and the 
whole Sanhedrim songht for testimony against Jesns, in order 
to put him to death, and found none. 

B6 Por many testified falsely against him, and their testi- 
mony did not agree. 57 And some rose up, and testified falsely 
against him, saying : 68 We heard him say, I will destroy this 
temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build 
another made without hands. 69 And not even in this did their 
testimony agree. 60 And the chief priest stood up in the midst, 
and asked Jesus, saying : Do you make no' answer ? What do 
these testify against you? 61 But he was silent, and made no 
answer. 

Again, the chief priest asked him, and said to him : Are you 
the Christ, the Son of the Blessed ? 62 Jesus replied : I am. 
And you shall see the Son of man sitting at the right hand of 
the Almighty, and coming with the clouds of heaven. 63 And 
the chief priest rent his clothes, and said : What further need 
hav?, we of witnesses ? 64 You have heard his impious speech. 
What think you ? They all condemned him to be a subject of 
death. 

65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and 
to strike him with their fists, and to say to him : Give an an- 
swer. And the attendants struck him with their open hands. 

68 And while Peter was in the court below, one of the maid- 
servants of the chief priest came; 67 and when she saw Peter 
warming himself, she looked at him, and said : You also were 
with Jesus the Nazarene. 68 But he denied, saying: I neither 



xv.] MARK. 117 

know, nor understand what you say. And he went out into 
the entrance, and the cock crew. 69 And the maid-servant saw 
him again, and began to say to those who stood by : This man 
is one of them. 70 He again denied. And again, after a little 
while, those who stood by said to Peter : Surely, you are one 
of them ; for you are a Galilean, and your speech is like theirs. 
71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying : I know not this 
man of whom you speak. 72 And immediately the cock crew 
the second time. And Peter remembered the word that Jesus 
had spoken to him : Before the cock crows twice, you will deny 
me three times. And when he thought upon it, he wept. 

XV. *And forthwith in the morning, the chief priests, with 
the elders and scribes, and the whole Sanhedrim, having held 
a consultation, and having bound Jesus, led him away, and 
delivered him to Pilate. 2 And Pilate asked him : Are you 
the King of the Jews ? And he answering, said : You say it. 
3 And the chief priests accused him of many things. * Pilate 
again asked him, saying: Do you make no answer? See, how 
many things they testify against you. 5 But Jesus gave no 
further answer; so that Pilate was astonished. 

6 Now it was his custom to release to them, at the feast, 
one prisoner, whomever they desired. 7 And there was one 
called Barabbas, lying bound with his fellow-insurgents, who 
had committed murder in the insurrection. 8 And the multi- 
tude cried out, and began to ask him to do as he had always 
done for them. 9 But Pilate answered them, saying : Do you 
wish me to release to you the King of the Jews? 10 Por he 
knew that, through envy, the chief priests had delivered him 
up. u But the chief priests instigated the multitude, that he 
should rather release Barabbas to them. 12 And Pilate answered 



118 M A E K . [xv. 

and said again to them: What, then, do you wish me to do 
with him whom you call the King of the Jews ? 13 They again 
cried out : Crucify him. u But Pilate said to them : Why, what 
evil has he done? But they cried vehemently: Crucify him. 
15 And Pilate, willing to gratify the multitude, released to them 
Barabbas; and delivered Jesus, after he had scourged him, to 
be crucified. 

16 And the soldiers led him away within the court, which 
is the governor's house, and called together the whole band. 
17 And they clothed him in purple; and having plaited a crown 
of thorn branches, they put it on him, 38 and began to salute 
him: Hail, King of the Jews! 19 And they struck him on the 
head with a reed, and spit upon him, and bowing their knees, 
did him homage. 20 And when they had derided him, they took 
off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and 
led him out to crucify him. 

21 And they compelled one Simon, a Cyrenian, (the father of 
Alexander and Kufus,) who was passing by, coming in from the 
country, to bear his cross. 22 And they brought him to the 
place Golgotha, which is, when translated, the place of a skull. 
23 And they gave him wine mingled with myrrh, to drink: but 
he did not receive it. 2 *And when they had crucified him, they 
divided his clothes among themselves, casting lots for them, 
what each one should take. 

25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. 26 And 
the superscription containing his accusation was written above 
him: THE KING OF THE JEWS. "And with him they 
crucified two robbers, one on his right hand, and the other on 
his left. z8 And the scripture was fulfilled, which says : And he 
was numbered with transgressors. 29 And those who passed by 
reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying: Aha! you that 



xv.] MARK. 119 

destroy the temple, and build it in three days, 30 save yourself, 
and come down from the cross. 31 Likewise the chief priests, 
with the scribes, speaking in derision one to another, said : He 
saved others; himself he can not save. 32 Let the Christ, the 
King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may 
see and believe. Those also who were crucified with him, 
reproached him. 

33 And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness 
over the whole land, till the ninth hour. 3 *And at the ninth 
hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying : Eloi, Eloi, lamma 
sabachthani ? which is, when translated, My God, my God, why 
hast thou forsaken me? 35 And some of those who stood by, 
when they heard it, said: Behold, he calls for Elijah. 36 And 
one ran, and filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it on a 
reed, and gave it to him to drink, saying: Wait; let us see if 
Elijah is coming to take him down. 

37 But Jesus, having cried with a loud voice, gave up his 
spirit. 38 And the vail of the temple was rent in two, from the 
top to the bottom. 39 And when the centurion that was stand- 
ing opposite him, saw that he thus cried out, and gave up his 
spirit, he said : Truly, this man was the Son of God. 

40 And there were, at a distance, women also, looking on; 
among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother 
of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome ; 41 who also, 
when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered to him; 
and many other women, who had come up with him to Jeru- 
salem. 

42 And when the evening had come, because it was the prep- 
aration, which is the eve of the sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arima- 
thea, an honorable counselor, who was himself looking for the 
kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly to Pilate, and asked 



120 MAKE. [xvi, 

for the body of Jesus. 4 *But Pilate was astonished that he 
was already dead; and having called the centurion to him, he 
inquired of him whether he had been any while dead. 45 And 
having learned the fact from the centurion, he gave the body 
to Joseph. 46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, 
and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulcher that 
had been hewed out of a rock : and he rolled a stone to the 
door of the sepulcher. * 7 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the 
mother of Joses saw where he was laid. 

XVI. *And when the sabbath had passed, Mary Magdalene, 
and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that 
they might come and anoint him. 2 And very early, on the 
first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they came to the 
sepulcher. 3 And they said among themselves : "Who will roll 
away the stone for us from the door of the sepulcher ? 4 for it 
was very great. And looking up, they saw that the stone had 
been rolled away. 5 And they entered the sepulcher, and saw a 
young man sitting on the rigbt side, clothed in a white robe : 
and they were frightened. But he said to them: Be not 
frightened; you seek Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. 
He has risen ; he is not here : see the place where they laid 
him. 7 But go, tell bis disciples, and Peter, that he goes before 
you into Galilee; there you shall see him, as he told you. 
8 And they went out, and fled from the sepulcher; for trembling 
and astonishment seized upon them. And they said nothing to 
any one, for they were afraid. 

9 Now when Jesus had risen early on the first day of the 
week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he 
had cast seven demons. 10 And she went and told it to those 
who had been with him., as they mourned and wept. "And 



xvi.] MAEK. 121 

though, they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, 
they did not believe. 

12 After this he appeared in another form to two of them, as 
they walked and went into the country. 13 And they went and 
told it to the rest. But they did not believe them. 

14 Afterward he appeared to the eleven as they reclined at 
table; and he reproached them for their unbelief and hardness 
of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen him 
after he had risen. 

15 And he said to them: Go into all the world, and preach 
the gospel to every creature. 18 He that believes and is im- 
mersed, shall be saved ; he that believes not, shall be con- 
demned. 17 And these signs shall attend those who believe. 
In my name they shall cast out demons; they shall speak with 
new tongues ; 18 they shall take up serpents ; and, if they drink 
any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them ; they shall lay hands 
on the sick, and they shall recover. 

19 The Lord, therefore, after he had spoken to them, was 
taken up into heaven : and he sat down at the right hand of 
God. 20 And they went forth and preached everywhere, the 
Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs 
following. 



TESTIMONY OP LUKE. 



I. * 1 INGE many have undertaken to compose a history of 
>O the things that are fully believed among us, 2 even as 
they were delivered to us by those who were, from the begin- 
ning, eye-witnesses and ministers of the word; 3 it seemed good 
to me also, having obtained exact information of all things 
from the very first, to write them in order for you, most excel- 
lent Theophilus, Hhat you might know the certainty of the 
things in which you have been instructed. 

5 There was, in the days of Herod the king of Judea, a cer- 
tain priest, named Zachariah, of the class of Abijah; and his 
wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Eliza- 
beth. "They were both righteous before God, walking in all 
the commandments and ordinances of the Lord, blameless. 
T And they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and 
they were both advanced in years. 

8 It came to pass, while he was officiating as priest before 
God, in the order of his class, that, 9 according to the custom 
of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense, when he went 
into the temple of the Lord. 10 And all the multitude of the 
people were praying without, at the time of incense. "And 
there appeared to him an angel of the Lord, standing at the 
right side of the altar of incense. 

12 And Zachariah was troubled at the sight, and fear fell 
upon him. 13 But the angel said to him: Fear not, Zachariah; 
(122) 



I.] LUKE. ' 123 

for your prayer is heard, and your wife Elizabeth shall bear 
you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you shall 
have joy and gladness, and many shall rejoice at his birth. 
15 For he shall be great before the Lord ; and he shall drink 
neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the 
Holy Spirit even from his mother's womb. 1G And many of the 
sons of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. "And he 
shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah to turn 
the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient, 
by the wisdom of the just, in order to make ready for the 
Lord a prepared people. 

18 And Zachariah said to the angel: By what sign shall I 
know this? for I am old, and my wife is advanced in years. 
19 And the angel answered and said to him: I am Gabriel, who 
stands in the presence of God; and I am sent to speak to you, 
and to announce to you this good news. 20 And behold, you 
shall be dumb and not able to speak, till the day in which 
these things shall take place, because you did not believe my 
words, which shall be fulfilled in their proper time. 21 And the 
people were waiting for Zachariah, and they wondered that he 
stayed so long in the temple. 22 But when he came out, he 
was not able to speak to them ; and they perceived that he had 
seen a vision in the temple; and he made signs to them, and 
remained speechless. 

23 And it came to pass, when the days of his service were 
completed, that he departed to his own house. 24 And after 
those days, his wife Elizabeth conceived, and kept herself re- 
tired for five months, saying : 25 Thus has the Lord dealt with 
me in the days in which he has looked with regard upon me, 
to take away my reproach among men. 

26 And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from 



124 LUKE. [L 

God into a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, CT to a virgin be- 
trothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of 
David; and the name of the virgin was Mary. 

28 And the angel came into her presence, and said: Hail, 
graciously accepted: the Lord is with you; blessed are you 
among women. 29 And she was perplexed at his words, and 
reasoned, what this salutation could mean. 30 And the angel 
said to her : Fear not, Mary ; for you have found favor with 
God. 31 And behold, you shall conceive and bear a son, and 
you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He shall be great, and shall 
be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will 
give to him the throne of David his father; 33 and he shall 
reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom 
there shall be no end. 

34 But Mary said to the angel: How shall this be, since I 
know not a man ? 35 And the angel answered and said to her : 
The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the 
Most High will overshadow you; for which reason, also, that 
which is begotten, being holy, shall be called the Son of God. 
36 And behold, Elizabeth your kinswoman, even she has con- 
ceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with 
her who is called barren ; 37 for nothing shall be impossible 
with God. 38 And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the 
Lord; let it be to me according to your word. And the angel 
departed from her. 

39 And Mary arose in those days, and went with haste into 
the mountainous country, into a city of Judah ; 40 and she came 
into the house of Zachariah, and saluted Elizabeth. 41 And it 
came to pass, when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, 
that the babe in her womb leaped for joy. 42 And Elizabeth 
was filled with the Holy Spirit, and spoke with a loud voice, 



i.] LUKE. 125 

and said : Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the 
fruit of your womb. 43 And whence is this to me, that the 
mother of my Lord should come to me ? ** For, behold, when 
the voice of your salutation sounded in my ears, the babe in 
my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed is she who believed ; 
for there shall be a fulfillment of the things which were spoken 
to her from the Lord. 

46 And Mary said: My soul magnifies the Lord, 47 and my 
spirit rejoices in God, my Savior; 48 for he has looked upon the 
lowly condition of his handmaid. For, behold, from this time, 
all generations shall call me blessed ; 49 for He that is Mighty 
has done great things for me, and holy is his name : 50 and his 
mercy is from generation to generation upon those who fear 
him. 51 He has done mighty deeds with his arm ; he has scat- 
tered those who are proud in the understanding of their hearts. 
62 He has cast down the mighty from their thrones, and exalted 
the lowly. 53 He has filled the hungry with good things, but 
the rich he has sent empty away. 54 He has helped Israel his 
servant, (as he spoke to our fathers,) 55 by remembering his 
mercy to Abraham and to his posterity forever. 

56 And Mary remained with her about three months, and re- 
turned to her own house. 

57 Now the time for Elizabeth to be delivered had fully come ; 
and she gave birth to a son. 58 And her neighbors and rela- 
tives heard that the Lord had showed great mercy to her, and 
they rejoiced with her. 

59 And it came to pass, on the eighth day, that they came to 
circumcise the child; and they called him by the name of his 
father, Zachariah. 60 And his mother answered and said: Not 
so: but he shall be called John. 61 And they said to her: 
There is no one among your relatives that is called by this 



126 LUKE. [i.- 

name. 62 And they made signs to his father, to know what lie 
wished him to be called. 63 And having asked for a writing 
tablet, he wrote, saying: His name is John. And they were 
all astonished. 

64 And immediately his mouth was opened, and his tongue 
was loosed, and he spoke, and praised God. 65 And fear came 
on all that dwelt round about them; and all these things 
were talked of everywhere throughout the mountainous coun- 
try of Judea. G6 And all that heard them, laid them up in 
their hearts, and said : "What, then, will this child be ? And 
the hand of the Lord was with him. 

07 And Zachariah his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, 
and prophesied, saying : 8 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel ; 
for he has visited and redeemed his people ; 69 and he has 
raised up for us, in the house of David his servant, a horn of 
salvation, ( 70 as he spoke by the mouth of all his holy prophets 
of ancient times,) n salvation from our enemies, and from the 
hand of all that hate us, 72 in order to show the mercy prom- 
ised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant, 73 the 
oath which he swore to Abraham our father, 74 that he would 
grant to us, that being delivered from the hands of our ene- 
mies, we might serve him without fear, 75 in holiness and 
righteousness before him, all our days. 

76 And you, child, shall be called the prophet of the Most 
High; for you shall' go before the face of the Lord, to make 
ready his ways, 77 by giving to his people the knowledge of 
salvation in the remission of their sins, 78 through the ten- 
der mercies of our God; by which the dawn from on high 
has visited us, 79 to give light to those who sit in darkness and 
in the shadow of death, by guiding our feet in the way of 
peace. 



IL] LUKE. 127 

80 And the child grew and became strong in spirit; and he 
was in the deserts till the day of his manifestation to Israel. 

II. a And it came to pass in those days, that there went forth 
a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the inhabitants of the 
land should be enrolled. 2 This enrollment first took place 
when Cyrenius was governor of Syria. 3 And all went to be 
enrolled, each one to his own city. 4 And Joseph also went up 
from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the 
city of David, which is called Bethlehem, (for he was of the 
house and family of David,) 5 to be enrolled with Mary his be- 
trothed wife, who was with child. 

6 And it came to pass while they were there, that the days 
for her to 'be delivered were completed ; 7 and she brought forth 
her first-born son, and wrapped him in swathing-clothes, and 
laid him in the stable, because there was no place for them in 
the inn. 

8 And there were in the same country shepherds, living in 
the open field, and guarding their flock by night. 9 And, behold, 
an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord 
shone round about them ; and they were greatly afraid. 10 And 
the angel said to them : Be not afraid ; for, behold, I bring you 
good news of great joy, which shall be for all people. "For 
there is born for you this day, in the city of David, a Savior, 
who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this shall be to you the sign: 
you will find the babe wrapped in swathing-clothes, and lying 
in a stable. 13 And suddenly there was" with the angel a multi- 
tude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying : u Glory to 
God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will among men. 

15 And it came to pass, that, after the angels had gone away 
into heaven, the shepherds said one to another : Let us now go 



128 LUKE. [n. 

to Bethlehem, and see this thing that has come to pass, which 
the Lord has made known to us. 1(i And they came with haste, 
and found both Mary and Joseph, and the babe lying in the 
stable. "And after they had seen it, they made known every- 
where the words that had been spoken to them of this child. 
18 And all that heard, wondered at those things which were 
told them by the shepherds. 19 But Mary kept all these things 
in her mind, and pondered them in her heart. 20 And the 
shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all things 
which they had heard and seen, as it had been told to them. 

21 And when eight days were completed for circumcising him, 
his name was called Jesus, as it had been called by the angel, 
before he was conceived in the womb. 

22 And when the days for their purification were completed 
according to the law of Moses, they brought him to Jerusalem, 
to present him to the Lord, ( 23 as it is written in the law of 
the Lord : Every male that opens the womb shall be called 
holy to the Lord;) 2 *and to offer a sacrifice, according to that 
which is commanded in the law of the Lord : A pair of turtle- 
doves, or two young pigeons. 

25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name 
was Simeon. And this man was just and devout, looking for 
the consolation of Israel. And the Holy Spirit was upon him : 
26 and it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit, that he 
should not see death before he .had seen the Lord's Anointed. 
27 And he came by the Spirit into the temple; and when the 
parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to 
the custom of the law, ^he took him in his arms, and blessed 
God, and said : 29 Now, Lord, thou dost let thy servant depart 
in peace, according to thy word, 30 for my eyes have seen thy 
salvation, 31 which thou hast prepared before the face of all 



ii.] LUKE. 129 

people ; 32 a light for a revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory 
of thy people Israel. 

33 And Joseph and his mother wondered at the things which 
were spoken of him. 34 And Simeon blessed them, and said to 
Mary his mother: Behold, this child is appointed for the fall 
and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign to be spoken 
against, 35 (and a sword shall pierce through your own soul,) 
that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed. 

36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Pha- 
nuel, of the tribe of Asher; she was of great age, and had 
lived with a husband seven years from her virginity : 37 and she 
was a widow of about eighty-four years, and she departed not 
from the temple, but served, day and night, with fastings and 
prayers. 38 And she came in at that hour, and gave thanks to 
the Lord, and spoke of him to all that looked for redemption in 
Jerusalem. 

39 And when they had performed all things according to the 
law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city 
Nazareth. 40 Ancl the child grew, and became strong in spirit, 
being filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon 
him. 

41 And his parents went up every year to Jerusalem, at the 
feast of passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they 
went up to Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast. 
43 And when they had kept the full number of days, and had 
set out to return, the child Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem ; 
and Joseph and his mother knew it not. 44 But supposing 
that he was in the company, they went a day's journey; and 
they sought for him among their relatives and acquaintance; 
45 and not finding him, they returned to Jerusalem in search of 
him. 

9 



ISO . LUKE. [m. 

46 And it came to pass, after three days, that they found him 
in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hear- 
ing them, and asking them questions. 47 And all that heard 
him were astonished at his understanding, and his answers. 
48 And when they saw him they were amazed. And his mother 
said to him : Child, why have you acted thus toward us ? Be- 
hold, your father and I have sought for you in sorrow. 49 And 
he said to them : "Why did you seek for me ? Did you not 
know that I must be in my Father's house? 60 And they did 
not understand the words which he spoke to them. 51 And he 
went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and 'was obe- 
dient to them. And his mother kept all these sayings in her 
heart. 52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature, and 
in favor with God and with man. 

III. 1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Csesar, 
when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was 
tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip was tetrarch of Itu- 
rea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch 
of Abilene, 2 Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests, the word 
of God came to John the son of Zachariah, in the wilderness. 

3 And he came into all the country about the Jordan, preach- 
ing the immersion of repentance in order to the remission of 
sins ; 4 as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the 
prophet, saying: The voice of one crying in the wilderness, 
Make ready the way of the Lord, make his paths straight; 
5 every ravine shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall 
be made level ; and the crooked ways shall be made straight ; 
and the rough ways shall be made smooth; 6 and all flesh 
shall see the salvation of God. 

7 Therefore he said to the multitudes that came out to be 



m.] LUKE. 131 

immersed by him : Generation of vipers, who has -warned you 
to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Bring forth, therefore, fruits 
worthy of repentance. And begin not to say within your- 
selves, We have Abraham for our father ; for I say to you, 
that God is able from these stones to raise up children for 
Abraham. 9 And now also the ax is lying at the root of the 
trees; therefore, every tree that does not produce good fruit, 
is cut down and cast into the fire. 

10 And the multitudes asked him, saying : What, then, shall 
we do ? n He answered and said to them : He that has two 
coats, let him give to him that has none ; and he that has food, 
let him do likewise. 12 And the publicans also came to be im- 
mersed, and they said to him: Teacher, what shall we do? 
13 And he said to them: Exact no more than that which is ap- 
pointed you. u And soldiers also asked him, saying: And what 
shall we do ? And he said to them : Take nothing from any 
one by extortion, nor by false accusation, and be content with 
your pay. 

15 While the people were in suspense, and all were reasoning 
in their hearts about John, whether he was the Christ or not, 
16 John answered them all, saying: I indeed immerse you in 
water; but there comes One mightier than I, the strap of whose 
sandals I am not worthy to loose; he will immerse you in the 
Holy Spirit and in fire. 17 His winnowing shovel is in his 
hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his thrashing-floor, and 
gather the grain into his granary, but the chaff he will burn 
with unquenchable fire. 18 With many other exhortations he 
proclaimed the good news to the people. 

19 But Herod the tetrarch having been reproved by him on 
account of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip, and for all 
the wicked deeds which Herod did, 20 added this also to them 
all, that he shut up John in prison. 



132 LUKE. [iv. 

21 And it came to pass, while all the people were being im- 
mersed, that Jesus also was immersed ; and as he was praying, 
the heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon 
him, in a bodily form, like a dove; and there came a voice 
from heaven, which said : Thou art my beloved Son ; in thee I 
delight. 

23 And Jesus was about thirty years old when he began his 
ministry, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, son of 
Heli, ^son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Malchi, son ol 
Janna, son of Joseph, 25 son of Mattathiah, son of Amos, son 
of Nahum, son of Esli, son of Naggse, 26 son of .Maath, son of 
Mattathiah, son of Shimei, son of Joseph, son of Judah, 27 son 
of Joannah, son of Ehesa, son of Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, 
son of Neri, 28 son of Malchi, son of Addi, son of Kosam, son 
of Elmodam, son of Er, 29 son of Jose, son of Eliezer, son of 
Jorim, son of Matthat, son of Levi, 30 son of Simeon, son of 
Judah, son of Joseph, son of Jonan, son of Eliakim, 31 son of 
Meleah, son of Mainan, son of Mattatha, son of Nathan, son 
of David, 

32 Son of Jesse, son of Obed, son of Boaz, son of Salmon, son 
of Nahshon, 33 son of Aminidab, son of Aram, son of Esrom, 
son of Phares,. son of Judah, 34 son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son 
of Abraham, son of Terah, son of JSTahor, 35 son of Serug, son 
of Keu, son of Pel eg, son of Eber, son of Salah, 36 son of Ke- 
nan, son of Arphaxad, son of Shem, son of Noah, son of La- 
mech, 37 son of Methusalah, son of Enoch, son of Jared, son of 
Mahalaleel, son of Kenan, 38 son of Enos, son of Seth, son of 
Adam, son of God. 

IV. 1 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the 
Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, 2 and 
was there forty days, to be tempted by the devil. And he ate 



iv.] LUKE. 133 

nothing during those days; and when they were ended, he 
was afterward hungry. 3 And the devil said to him : If you 
are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread. 
*And Jesus answered him, and said: It is written, Man shall 
not live by bread alone, but by every word of God. 

5 And the devil took him up into a high mountain, and 
showed him all the kingdoms of the world, in a moment of 
time. "And the devil said to him: I will give you all the 
authority and glory of these, for it is delivered to me; and to 
whomever I will, I give it. 7 If, therefore, you will bow with 
reverence before me, all shall be yours. 8 And Jesus answered 
and said to him: Get behind me, Satan; it is written, You 
shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you 
serve. 

9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and placed him on the 
pinnacle of the temple, and said to him : If you are the Son 
of God, throw yourself down from this place; 10 for it is written, 
He will give his angels charge concerning you, to guard you 
carefully; "and in their hands they shall take you up,. lest you 
strike your foot against a stone. 12 And Jesus answered and 
said to him : It is said, You shall not put the Lord your God 
to the proof. 13 And when the devil had ended all the tempta- 
tion, he departed from him for a time. 

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: 
and his fame went throughout the whole of that region. 15 And 
he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all. 

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up; 
ar.d, as his custom was, he entered the synagogue on the sab- 
bath-day, and stood up to read. "And the volume of Isaiah 
the prophet was given to him: and when, he had unrolled the 
volume, he found the place where it was written : 18 The Spirit 



134 LUKE. [iv. 

of the Lord is upon me ; because he has anointed me to preach 
the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the broken- 
hearted; to proclaim liberty to the captives, and recovery of 
sight to the blind ; to set free the oppressed ; 19 to proclaim the 
acceptable year of the Lord. 20 And he rolled up the volume, 
and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes 
of all that were in the synagogue were earnestly fixed upon 
him. 

21 And he began -to say to them: This scripture Avhich you 
have heard, is this day fulfilled. 22 And all extolled him; and 
they wondered at the words of grace which proceeded out of 
his mouth, and said : Is not this the son of Joseph ? w And he 
said to them : You will assuredly apply to me this proverb, 
Physician, heal yourself. Whatever things we have heard were 
done in Capernaum, do also here in your country. 24 And he 
said : Verily I say to you, No prophet is accepted in his own 
country. 25 And I tell you, in truth, there were many widows 
in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up 
for three years and six months, so that a great famine was on 
all the land : 26 and to no one of them was Elijah sent, but to 
Sarepta, a city of Sidon, to a woman that was a widow. 2T And 
many lepers were in Israel, in the time of Elisha the prophet; 
and no one of them was cleansed but Naaman the Syrian. 

28 And all that were in the synagogue, when they heard 
these things, Avere filled with anger, 29 and arose, and drove him 
out of the city, and brought him to the brow of the hill on 
which their city was built, that they might throw him down 
headlong. 30 But he passed through the midst of them, and 
went away. 

31 And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And 
lie was teaching them on the sabbath-days. 32 And they were 



iv.J LUKE. 135 

astonished at his teaching, for his word was with authority, 
33 And there was in the synagogue a man who had the spirit of 
an unclean demon; and he cried out with a loud voice, ^say- 
ing : Let us alone ; what have we to do with thee, Jesus, thoi; 
Nazarene ? Hast thou come to destroy us ? I know thee wh< 
thou art, the Holy One of God. 35 And Jesus rebuked him 
saying : Be silent, and come out of him. And the demoi 
threw him into the midst, and came out of him, and hurt hin 
not. 36 And amazement came upon all, and they spoke one tc 
another, saying: What teaching is this? for with authority anc 
power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out 
37 And his fame went abroad into every place of the country 
round about. 

38 And he arose and went out of the synagogue into the hous< 
of Simon. And Simon's mother-in-law was confined with i 
violent fever: and they besought him in her behalf. 39 And hi 
stood over her, and rebuked the fever, and it left her : and sh< 
arose immediately, and ministered to them. 

40 And when the sun had gone down, all that had any sicl 
with various diseases, brought them to him; and he laid hi 
hands on every one of them, and cured them. 41 Demons als< 
came out of many, crying out and saying : Thou art the Christ 
the Son of God. And he rebuked them, and did not permi 
them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ. 

42 And when it was day, he went out and departed into ! 
desert place; and the multitudes sought for him, and came t< 
him and endeavored to detain him, that he should not go awa 1 
from them. 43 But he said to them : I must make known thi 
good news of the kingdom of God to other cities also ; for t< 
this end I have been sent. ^And he continued to preach ii 
the synagogues of Galilee. 



136 LUKE. [v. 

V. 1 And it came to pass while the multitude was pressing 
on him to hear the word of God, and he was standing by the 
lake of Gennesaret, 2 that he saw two ships standing by the 
lake : but the fishermen had gone out of them, and were wash- 
ing their nets. 3 And he entered one of the ships, which was 
Simon's, and requested him to push out a little from the land. 
And he sat down and taught the multitude from the ship. 

4 And when he had made an end of speaking, he said to Si- 
mon : Push out into the deep water, and let down your nets 
for a draught. 5 And Simon answered and said to him : Mas- 
ter, we have toiled all night and have caught nothing ; but at 
thy command, I will let down the net. 6 And when they had 
done this, they inclosed a great number of fishes, and their 
net began to break; 7 ancl they beckoned to their partners who 
were in the other ship, to come and help them. And they 
came and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink. 

8 And when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at the knees of 
Jesus, and said : Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful 
man. 9 For amazement at the draught of fishes which they 
had caught had seized upon him a,nd all that were with him ; 

10 and in like manner also upon James and John the sons of 
Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to 
Simon : Fear not ; from this time forth you shall catch men. 

11 And when they had brought their ships to the land, they left 
all and followed him. 

12 And it came to pass, that he was in one of their cities; 
and behold, a man full of leprosy; and when he saw Jesus, he 
fell on his face and besought him, saying: Lord, if thou wilt, 
thou canst make me clean. 13 And stretching out his hand, 
he touched him, and said : I will ; be clean. And immediately 
his leprosy departed from him. 14 And he charged him to tell 



v.] LUKE. 187 

no one ; but go, show yourself to the priest, and make offering 
for your cleansing, as Moses commanded, that it may be a 
testimony to them. 15 But his fame went abroad the more; 
and many multitudes came together to hear, and to be cured 
by him of their infirmities. 16 And he withdrew to the deserts 
and prayed. 

17 And it came to pass, on a certain day, that he was teach- 
ing, and there were Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting 
by, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and 
Jerusalem; and the power of the Lord was exerted to heal 
them. 18 And behold, men brought, on a bed, a man who was 
a paralytic. And they sought how they might bring him in, 
and lay him before him. 19 And finding no way by which they 
could bring him in, because of the multitude, they went up on 
the top of the house, and, through the tiling, let him down, 
with his bed, into the midst before Jesus. 20 And when he saw 
their faith, he said to him: Man, your sins are forgiven you. 
21 And the scribes and Pharisees began to reason, saying: Who 
is this that utters impious words ? Who can forgive sins but 
God alone? 

22 But Jesus perceived their reasonings, and answered and said 
to them : Why are you reasoning in your hearts ? 23 Which is 
easier, to say, Your sins are forgiven you; or to say, Arise and 
walk ? 2i But that you may know that the Son of man on the 
earth has power to forgive sins, (he said to the paralytic,) I 
say to you, Arise, and take up. your bed, and go to your 
house. 25 And he immediately arose before them, took up that 
on which he had been lying, and went away to his own house, 
glorifying God. 26 And astonishment seized upon all, and they 
glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying : We have seen 
strange things to-day. 



138 LUKE. [vi. 

27 And after these tilings, he went out and saw a publican 
named Levi, sitting at the custom-house ; and he said to him : 
Follow me. 28 And leaving all, he arose and followed him. 
20 And Levi made him a great feast at his own house; and 
there was a great multitude of publicans and others, who re- 
clined at table with them. 30 And their scribes and the Phari- 
sees murmured against his disciples, saying : Why do you eat 
and drink with publicans and sinners ? 31 And Jesus answered 
and said to them : They that are well have no need of a physi- 
cian, but they that are sick. 32 I have not come to call right- 
eous men, but sinners, to repentance. 

33 And they said to him : Why do the disciples of John fast 
often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the 
Pharisees, but yours eat and drink? 3 *And he said to them: 
Can you make the sons of the bride-chamber fast, while the 
bridegroom is with them? 35 But the days will come when 
the bridegroom shall be taken from them ; then shall they fast 
in those days. 

30 And he spoke also a parable to them : No one patches an 
old garment with a piece taken from a new garment. If so, 
the new tears it, and the patch from the new suits not the old. 
37 And no one puts new wine into old bottles ; if so, the new 
wine will burst the bottles, and it will be spilled, and the bot- 
tles will be destroyed. 38 But new wine must be put into new 
bottles, and both will be preserved. 39 And no one, after drink- 
ing old wine, immediately desires new; for he says: The old 
is better. 

VI. *And it came to pass, on the first sabbath after the sec- 
ond day of the feast, that he was going through the fields of 
grain; and his disciples pulled the ears and ate, rubbing them 



vi.] LUKE. - 139 

in their hands. 2 And some of the Pharisees said to them: 
Why are you doing what it is not lawful to do on the sabbath- 
days ? 3 And Jesus answered and said to them : Have you 
not read even that which David did, when he was hungry him- 
self, and those who were with him, * that he entered the house 
of God, and took the loaves of the presence, and ate, and gave 
to those also who were with him, which it is not lawful, except 
for the priests alone, to eat ? 5 And he said to them : The Son 
of man is Lord also of the sabbath. 

"And it came to pass, on another sabbath, that he entered 
the synagogue and taught; and a man was there, whose right 
hand was withered. 7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched 
closely, whether he would heal on the sabbath-day, that they 
might find an accusation against him. 8 But he knew their 
thoughts; and he said to the man that had the withered hand: 
Rise, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose, and stood. 
9 Then Jesus said to them, I will ask you a question : Which 
is lawful on the sabbath, to do good, or to do evil ? to save life, 
or to kill? 10 And looking round upon them all, he said to 
him : Stretch forth your hand. And he did so ; and his hand 
was restored like the other. n But they were filled with mad- 
ness, and began to consult with one another what they should 
do to Jesiis. 

12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into 
the mountain to pray; and he spent the night in prayer to 
God. 13 And when it was day, he called to him his disciples; 
and from them he chose twelve, whom he also named apostles : 
14 Simon, whom he also named Peter, and Andrew his brother, 
James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, 15 Matthew and 
Thomas, James the son of Alphseus, and Simon who is called 
Zelotes, 1G Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who 



140 LUKE. [vi. 

was also the traitor. 17 And lie came down with them, and 
stood in a plain ; and with him stood a multitude -of his disci- 
ples, and a great number of people from all Judea and Jerusa- 
lem, and the sea-coast of Tyre and Sidon, who had come to hear 
him, and to be healed of their diseases, 18 and those who were 
oppressed by evil spirits; and they were cured. 19 And the 
whole multitiide sought to touch him : for power went forth 
from him, and healed them all. 

20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said : 
Blessed are you that are poor, for yours is the kingdom of 
God. 21 Blessed are you that hunger now, for you shall be 
satisfied. Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh. 
22 Blessed are you when men shall hate you, and shall withdraw 
themselves from you, and reproach you, and cast out your 
name as evil, on account of the Son of man. 23 Rejoice in that 
day, and leap for joy; for behold, your reward is great in 
heaven : for so did their fathers to the prophets. 

24 But alas for you that are rich ! for you have received your 
consolation. 25 Alas for you that are full! for you shall be 
hungry. Alas for you that laugh now ! for you shall mourn 
and weep. 2G Alas for you, when men shall speak well of you ! 
for so did their fathers to the false prophets. 

27 But I say to you that hear : Love your enemies ; do good 
to them that hate you; 28 bless them that curse you; pray for 
them that abuse you. 29 To him that strikes you on one cheek, 
offer also the other ; and from him that takes away your mantle, 
withhold not your coat. 30 Give to every one that asks of you ; 
and of him that takes away your goods, ask them not again. 
31 And as you would that men should do to you, do you also in 
like manner to them. 32 And if you love them that love you, 
what thanks have vou? for even sinners love those who love 



VL] LUKE. 141 

them. 33 And if you do good to them that do good to you. 
what thanks have you? for even sinners do the same. 34 And 
if you lend to them from whom you hope to receive, what 
thanks have you? for even sinners lend to sinners, that they 
may receive the same. 35 But love your enemies, and do good, 
and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward shall 
be great, and you shall be sons of the Most High : for he is 
kind to the unthankful and the evil. 36 Be you, therefore, 
merciful, as your Father also is merciful. 

37 Judge not, and you shall not be judged; condemn not, and 
you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you shall be for- 
given. 38 Give, and it shall be given to you; good measure, 
pressed down, shaken together, and running over, shall men 
give into your lap. For with the same measure with which 
you measure, it shall be measured to you in return. 

39 And he spoke a parable to them: Can the blind lead the 
blind? Will not both fall into the pit? 40 The disciple is not 
above his teacher; but every accomplished disciple shall be as 
his teacher. 

41 And why do you look at the splinter that is in your 
brother's eye, but perceive not the beam that is in your own 
eye? 42 0r, how can you say to your brother: Brother, let me 
pull out the splinter that is in your eye, when you yourself see 
not the beam that is in your own eye? Hypocrite, first pull 
the beam out of your own eye, and then you shall see clearly 
to pull out the splinter that is in your brother's eye. 43 For a 
good tree does not produce unsound fruit; nor does an unsound 
tree produce good fruit. *" For every tree is known by its .own 
fruit. For figs are not gathered from thorns, nor are grapes 
gathered from brambles. 45 The good man, out of the good 
treasury of his heart, brings forth that which is good; and the 



142 LUKE; [vn. 

evil man, out of the evil' treasury of Ms heart, brings forth 
that which is evil. For out of the abundance of his heart his 
mouth speaks. 

46 But why call me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which 
I command? * 7 Every one that comes to me, and hears my 
words, and does them, I will show you to whom he is like. 
i8 He is like a man that, when building a house, digged deep, 
and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, 
the torrent dashed against that house, and it was not able to 
shake it, for it was founded on the rock. * 9 But he that hears, 
and does not, is like a man that built a house upon the earth, 
without a foundation, against which the torrent dashed with 
violence, and immediately it -fell, and the ruin of that house 
was great. 

VII. *And when he had ended all his sayings in the hearing 
of the people, he went into Capernaum. 2 And a certain centu- 
rion's servant, who was dear to him, was sick, and about to die. 
3 But when he heard of Jesus, he sent to him elders of the 
Jews, and besought him to come and save his servant. 4 And 
they came to Jesus, and besought him earnestly, saying : He is 
worthy for whom thou shouldst do this; 5 for he loves our na- 
tion, and of his own accord has built us a synagogue. G And 
Jesus went with them. 

1 And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion 
sent friends to him, and said to him : Lord, give thyself no 
trouble; for I am not worthy that thou shouldst come under 
my roof. 7 For which reason, neither did I count myself 
worthy to go to thee; but command in a word, and my serv- 
ant shall be healed. 8 For I am a man placed under authority, 
and have soldiers under me ; and I say to this one, Go, and ne 



VIL] LUKE. 143 

goes ; and to another, Come, and lie comes ; and to my servant, 
Do this, and he does it. 9 And when Jesus heard these things, 
he was filled with admiration for him; and, turning to the 
multitude that followed, he said: I say to you, Not even in 
Israel have I found so great faith. 10 And they that had been 
sent, returned to the house, and found the servant that had 
been sick restored to health. 

11 And it came to pass, the next day, that he was going to a 
city called Nain ; and many of his disciples and a great multi- 
tude followed him. 12 And when he came near the gate of the 
city, behold, they were carrying out a dead man, the only son 
of his mother, and she was a widow; and a great multitude 
from the city was with her. 13 And when the Lord saw her, 
he had compassion on her, and said to her : Weep not. M And 
he went and touched the bier; and those who were carrying 
it, stood still. And he said : Young man, I say to you, Arise. 
15 And he that had been dead, sat up and began to speak ; and 
he gave him to his mother. 16 And fear seized on all; and 
they glorified God, saying : A great prophet has arisen among 
us; and, God has visited his people. 17 And this report con- 
cerning him went abroad into all Judea and all the neighbor- 
ing region. 

18 And the disciples of John told him of all these things. 
19 And John called to him two of his disciples, and sent them 
to Jesus, and said : Art thou he that was to come, or must we 
look for another ? 20 And the men came to him and said : 
John the Immerser has sent us to thee, and says, Art thou he 
that was to come, or must we look for another? 21 And in 
that very hour he cured many of diseases and plagues and 
evil spirits, and bestowed sight on many that were blind. 
22 And Jesus answered and said to them: Go and tell John 



144 LUKE. [vii. 

what you have seen and heard; that the blind receive theii 
sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, 
the dead are raised, the poor have the gospel preached to 
them ; 23 and blessed is he who shall find no cause of offense in 
me. 

24 And when the messengers of John had departed, he began 
to say to the multitudes concerning John: What did you go 
out into the wilderness to see ? A reed shaken by the wind ? 
25 But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft rai- 
ment? Behold, they that wear splendid apparel, and live in 
luxury, are in kings' houses. 26 But what did you go out to 
see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and much more than a 
prophet. 27 This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send 
my messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy way be- 
fore thee. 28 For I say to you, Among those born of women, 
there is no prophet greater than John the Immerser. But 
the least in the kingdom of Grod is greater than he. 29 And 
all the people, and the publicans that heard him, vindicated 
God, by being immersed with the immersion of John'; 30 but 
the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the counsel of God in 
regard to themselves, by not being immersed by him. 31 To 
what, then, shall I compare the men of this generation? and 
to what are they like? 32 They are like children sitting in 
the market-place, who call to one another, and say, We have 
played on the pipe for you, and you have not danced; we 
have sung mournful songs for you, and you have not lamented. 
33 For John the Immerser came, neither eating bread nor drink- 
ing wine, and you say, He has a demon. 34 The Son of man 
has come, eating and drinking, and you say, Behold, a glutton- 
ous man and a drinker of wine, a friend of publicans and sin- 
ners. 35 Yet wisdom, is vindicated by all her children. 



VIL] LUKE. 145 

36 And one of the Pharisees invited him to eat with him. 
And he went into the house of the Pharisee, and reclined at 
table. 37 And, behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, 
when she knew that he reclined at table in the house of the 
Pharisee, brought an alabaster box of ointment, 38 and stood 
behind at his feet, weeping; and she began to wash his feet 
with her tears ; and she wiped them with the hair of her head, 
and kissed his feet and anointed them with the ointment. 

39 But when the Pharisee who had invited him, saw it, he said 
within himself: This man, if he were a prophet, would have 
known who, and what sort of woman this is that touches him; 
for she is a sinner. 

40 And Jesus answered and said to him : Simon, I have some- 
thing to say to you. He replied: Teacher, say on. 41 A cer- 
tain creditor had two debtors ; the one owed him five hundred 
denarii, the other, fifty. 42 But as. they had nothing to pay, he 
forgave them both. Which of them, then, will love him the 
more ? 43 Simon answered and said : I suppose he to whom he 
forgave the more. He said to him : You have decided cor- 
rectly. 

44 And turning toward the woman, he said to Simon: Do you 
see this woman? I entered your house, you gave me no water 
for my feet ; but she has washed my feet with her tears, 
and wiped them with her hair. 45 You gave me no kiss ; but 
she, from the time I came in, has not ceased to kiss my feet. 

40 You did not anoint my head with oil ; but she has anointed 
my feet with ointment. 47 Wherefore, I say to you, her sins, 
which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much. But he 
to whom little is forgiven, loves little. 48 And he said to her : 
Your sins are forgiven. 49 And those who reclined at table 
with him began to say within themselves: Who is this that 

10 " 



146 LUKE. [vni. 

also forgives sins ? 50 But lie said to the woman : Your faith 
has saved you; go in peace. 

VIII. 1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went through 
every city and village, preaching, and making known the good 
news of the kingdom of God; and the twelve were with him; 
2 and also certain women that had been cured of evil spirits 
and diseases ; Mary, called Magdalene, out of whom had gone 
seven demons, 3 and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's stew- 
ard, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered to him 
from their means. 

4 And when a great multitude had assembled, and they were 
coming to him from every city, he spoke by a parable : 5 The 
sower went forth to sow his seed; and as he sowed, some fell 
by the wayside, and it was trodden down, and the birds of the 
air ate it up. 6 And some fell upon the rock ; and when it had 
sprung up, it withered, because it had no moisture. T And 
some fell in the midst of thorns; and the thorns grew up with 
it and choked it. 8 And other seed fell into good ground, and 
sprung up, and produced fruit a hundred-fold. When he had 
said these things, he cried : He that has" ears to hear, let him 
hear. 

9 And the disciples asked him, saying: What does this para- 
ble mean? 10 He replied: To you it is given to know the 
mysteries of the kingdom of God : but to others in parables ; 
that when they see, they may not see, and when they hear, 
they may not understand. n But the meaning of the parable 
is this : The seed is the word of God ; 12 those by the way- 
side are they that hear; then comes the devil and takes the 
word from their heart, lest they should believe and be saved. 
13 Those on the rock are they that, when they hear, receive 



VIIL] LUKE. 147 

the word with joy; and these have no root, who, for awhile, 
believe, and in time of temptation apostatize, M That which 
fell among thorns are those who hear, and so conduct them- 
selves, that they are choked by the cares and riches and pleas- 
ures of life, and bring no fruit to perfection. 15 But that on 
the good ground are those who, in a good and honest heart, 
hear the word, and keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience. 

16 No one when he has lighted a lamp, covers it with a ves- 
sel, or puts it under a divan, but sets it on a lamp-stand, that 
they who come in may see the light. 17 For there is nothing 
concealed, that shall not be made manifest, nor hid, that shall 
not be known and brought into view. 18 Take heed, therefore, 
how you hear; for whoever has, to him shall be given; and 
whoever has not, even that which he seems to have shall be 
taken from him. 

19 And his mother and his brothers came to him, but were 
not able to get near him on account of the multitude. 20 And 
it was told him by some that said : Thy mother and thy broth- 
ers stand without, desiring to see thee. 21 But he answered 
and said to them : My mother and my brothers are they that 
hear the word of Grod and do it. 

22 And it came to pass, on a certain day, that he entered a 
ship with his disciples ; and he said to them : Let us go over 
to the other side of the lake. And they set sail. 23 And while 
they were sailing, he fell asleep. And a storm of wind came 
down xipon the lake, and they began to be filled, and were in 
danger. 24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying : 
Master, master, we perish. But he arose and rebuked the 
wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and there 
was a calm. 25 And he said to them: Where is your faith? 
And being afraid, they wondered, and said one to another: 



148 LUKE. [vm. 

Who, then, is this, that he commands even the wind and the 
water, and they obey him ? 

26 And they sailed to the country of the Gadarenes, which is 
opposite to Galilee. 27 And when he came out upon the land, 
there met him a certain man from the city, who had been pos- 
sessed with demons for a long time, and who wore no clothes, 
and dwelt in no house, but in the tombs. 28 When he saw 
Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and said with a 
loud voice : What have I to do with thee, Jesus, Son of God 
Most High ? I beseech thee, torment me not. 29 For he had 
commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it 
had often seized upon him, and he had been bound with chains 
and fetters, and kept in confinement; and he broke the bonds, 
and was driven by the demon into the deserts. 30 And Jesus 
asked him, saying : What is your name ? He answered, Le- 
gion ; for many demons had entered into him. 31 And they be- 
sought him, that he would not command them to go away into 
the abyss. 

32 And there was in that place a herd of many swine feeding 
on the mountain. And they besought him to permit them to 
go into them. And he permitted them. 33 And the demons 
came out of the man, and went into the swine; and the herd 
rushed down a steep place into the lake, and were drowned. 
34 And when those who fed them saw what was done, they fled, 
and told it in the city and in the country. 35 And they came 
out to see what had been done; and they came to Jesus, and 
saw the man out of whom the demons had gone, clothed, and 
in his right mind, sitting at the feet of Jesus; and they were 
afraid. 3G And those who had seen it, told them by what means 
the man who had been possessed with the demons, was saved. 

37 And the whole multitude of the neighboring country of 



VIIL] LUKE. 14' 

the Gadarenes besought him to depart from them; for the; 
were seized with great fear. And he entered the ship and re 
turned. 38 And the man out of whom the demons had gon 
besought him that he might be with him. But Jesus sent hir 
away, saying : 39 Return to your house, and tell what thing 
God has done for you. And he went away, proclaimin 
through the whole city what Jesus had done for him. 

40 And it came to pass, when Jesus returned, that the multi 
tude received him gladly; for they were all waiting for hin: 
41 And, behold, there came a man, whose name was Jairus; an< 
he was a ruler of the synagogue ; and he fell down at the fee 
of Jesus, and besought him to come into his house; 42 for h 
had a daughter, his only child, about twelve years of age, an 
she was dying. And as he went, the multitude pressed upo 
him. 

43 And a woman that had been afflicted with an issue o 
blood for twelve years, who had spent her whole living upo 
physicians, and could be cured by no one, 44 came behind, an 
touched the fringe of his mantle; and her issue of blood imme 
diately ceased. 45 And Jesus said: "Who touched me? Whe 
they all denied, Peter and those 'with him said: Master, th 
multitudes press upon thee, and throng thee, and dost tho 
say, "Who touched me? 4G But Jesus said: Some one touche 
me ; for I perceive that power has gone forth from me. 47 An 
the woman, seeing that she had not escaped notice, came trerr 
bling, and fell down before him, and told him, before all ti 
people, for what cause she had touched him, and that she WE 
immediately restored to health. 48 And he said to her: Tak 
courage, daughter; your faith has saved you; go in peace. 

49 While he was yet speaking, there came some one from tt 
house of the ruler of the synagogue, and said to him: Yon 



150 LUKE. [ix. 

daughter is dead; trouble not the Teacher. 50 But wnen Jesus 
heard it, he answered him, saying : Fear not, only believe, and 
she shall be saved. 51 And when he came to the house, he per- 
mitted no one to go in but Peter and James and John, and the 
father and the mother of the child. 52 And all were weeping 
and lamenting her. But he said : Weep not ; she is not dead, 
but sleeps. 53 And they derided him, knowing that she was 
dead. 54 But he put them all out, and took her by the hand, 
and called, and said : Child, arise. 65 And her spirit returned, 
and she arose immediately. And he commanded that food 
should be given her. 5G And her parents were amazed. But he 
charged them to tell no one what had been done. 

IX. 1 And he called his twelve disciples to him, and gave 
them power and authority over all demons, and to cure dis- 
eases : 2 and he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and 
to heal the sick. 3 And he said to them: Take nothing for 
your journey, neither staff, nor bag, nor bread, nor money; nor 
have two coats each. 4 And whatever house you enter, there 
remain, and thence depart. 5 And whoever will not receive 
you, when you go out of that city, shake off even the dust from 
your feet, for a testimony against them. 6 And they departed, 
and went through every village, preaching the gospel, and per- 
forming cures everywhere. 

7 And Herod the tetrarch heard of all things that were done 
by him; and he was perplexed, because it was said by some, 
that John had risen from the dead; 8 and by some, that Elijah 
had appeared; and by others, that a prophet of ancient times 
had risen again. 9 And Herod said: John I have beheaded: 
but who is this, of whom I hear such things ? And he- desired 
to see him. 



ix.] LUKE. 15-1 

10 And the apostles returned, and told him all that they had 
done. And he took them, and withdrew privately to a desert 
place, that belonged to a city called Bethsaida. " But the 
multitudes knew it, and followed him; and he received them, 
and spoke to them of the kingdom of God, and healed those 
who had need of healing. 

12 And the day began to decline; and the twelve came and 
said to him : Send the multitude away, that they may go into 
the villages, and the country round about, and lodge, and find 
food; for we are here in a desert place. 13 But he said to 
them : Do you give them food. They replied : "We have noth- 
ing but five loaves and two fishes, unless we go and buy food 
for all these people. 14 For there were about five thousand 
men. And he said to his disciples : Make them recline in 
companies of fifty. 15 And they did so, and made them all 
recline. 16 And he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and 
looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and broke, and gave 
them to the disciples, to set before the multitude. 17 And they 
all ate, and were satisfied ; and there was taken up what re- 
mained to them of the broken pieces, twelve baskets. 

18 And it came to pass, as he was praying in a retired place, 
that his disciples were with him ; and he asked them, saying : 
Who do the multitudes say that I am? 19 They answered and 
said: John the Immerser; but some, Elijah; and others, that 
some prophet of ancient times has risen again. 20 He said to 
them : But who do you say that I am ? Peter answered and 
said: The Christ of God. 21 And he strictly charged them and 
commanded them to tell this to no one, 22 saying: The Son of 
man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders 
and chief priests and scribes, and be put to death, and be 
raised the third day. 



152 LUKE. [ix. 

23 And he said to them all : If any one determines to come 
after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and fol- 
low me. 24 For whoever will save his life, shall lose it; but 
whoever will lose his life for my sake, shall save it. 25 For 
what will it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and 
destroy himself, or be lost? 26 For whoever will be ashamed 
of me and my words, of him will the Son of man be ashamed, 
when he comes in his own glory, and that of the' Father, and 
of the holy angels. 2T But I say to you, of a truth, there are 
some of these who stand here that shall not taste of death till 
they see the kingdom of God. 

28 And it came to pass, about eight days after these words, 
that he took Peter and John and James, a.nd went up into a 
mountain to pray. 29 And as he prayed, the appearance of his 
face was changed, and his raiment became white and glittering. 
30 And, behold, two men conversed with him, who were Moses 
and Elijah; 81 they appeared in glory, and spoke of his depart- 
ure, which he was about to accomplish in Jerusalem. 

32 And Peter and those who were with him were heavy with 
sleep; but having fully awakened, they saw his glory, and the 
two men that stood with him. 33 And it came to pass, that, as 
they were withdrawing from him, Peter said to Jesus : Master, 
it is good for us to be here ; let us make three tents, one for 
thee, one for Moses, and one for Elijah, not knowing what he 
said. 3i While he was saying these things, there came a cloud, 
and it overshadowed them ; and they were afraid as those men 
entered the cloud. 35 And there came a voice from the cloud, 
saying: This is my beloved Son; hear him. 30 And when the 
voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept it 
secret, and told no one, in those days, any of the things which 
they had seen. 



ix.] LUKE. 153 

37 And it came to pass, that, on the next day, when they had 
come down from the mountain, a great multitude met him. 
38 And, behold, a man from the multitude cried out, saying: 
, Teacher, I beseech thee, look upon my son, for he is my only 
child; 39 and, behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries 
out, and it throws him into convulsions, and causes him to 
foam, and after depriving him of strength, hardly departs from 
him. 40 And I entreated thy disciples to cast it out; but they 
were not able. 41 And Jesus answering, said: unbelieving 
and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and 
bear with you ! Bring your son hither. 42 And while he was 
coming, the demon cast him to the ground, and threw him into 
convulsions ; but Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and restored 
the child to health, and gave him back to his father. 43 And 
they were all amazed ab the mighty power of God 

And while they were all wondering at every thing that 
Jesus did, he said to his disciples : 44 Let these words sink 
into your ears; for the Son of man is about to be delivered 
into the hands of men. 45 But they did not understand this 
saying, and it was concealed from them, that they might not 
understand it; and they were afraid to ask him about this 
saying. 

46 And there arose a contention among them, which of them 
should be greatest. 47 But Jesus perceived the thought of their 
heart, and he took a little child, and made it stand by him, 
48 and said to them : Whoever will receive this little child on 
my account, receives me; and whoever will receive me, re- 
ceives him that sent me. For he that is least among you all, 
the same shall be great. 

49 And John answered and said: Master, we saw a certain 
one casting out demons in thy name; and we forbade him, be- 



154 LUKE. [x. 

cause he does not follow with us. 50 And Jesus said to him: 
Forbid him not ; for whoever is not against us, is for us. 

51 And it came to pass, as the time, for him to be taken up 
into heaven had fully come, that he set his face steadfastly to 
go up to Jerusalem. 52 And he sent messengers before his face; 
and they went, and entered a village of the Samaritans, to pre- 
pare for him. 53 And they did not receive him ; because his 
face was turned toward Jerusalem. 54 And when his disciples 
James and John saw this, they said : Lord, is it thy will that 
we command fire to come down from heaven and destroy them, 
even as Elijah did? 55 But he turned and rebuked them, and 
said: You know not of what 'spirit you are. E6 And they went 
to another village. 

57 And it came to pass, as they were going on their jour- 
ney, that a certain man said to him: Lord, I will follow thee 
wherever thou shalt go. 58 And Jesus said to him: The foxes 
have dens, and the birds of the air have roosts, but the Son of 
man has not where to lay his head. 59 And he said to another; 
Follow me. But he replied : Lord, permit me first to go and 
bury my father. 60 Jesus said : Let the dead bury their own 
dead; but do you go and publish abroad the kingdom of God. 
61 And another said : I will follow thee, Lord ; but first permit 
me to take leave of those at home. 62 Jesus said to him : No 
one that puts his hand to the plow, and looks back, is fit for 
the kingdom of God. 



X. 



[. *And after these things, the Lord appointed seventy oth- 
ers, also, and sent them, two and two, before his face, into every 
city and place to which he himself was about to go. 2 He said, 
therefore, to them : The harvest truly is great, but the laborers 
are few ; pray, therefore, the Lord of the harvest that he send 



x.] LUKE. 155 

out laborers into .his harvest. 3 Go; behold, I send you as 
lambs in the midst of wolves. * Carry no purse, nor bag, nor 
sandals; and salute no one on the road. 5 "Whatever house you 
enter, first say, Peace be to this house. G And if a son of peace 
be there, your peace shall rest on him; but, if not, it shall re- 
turn upon you. 7 And in that house remain, eating and drink- 
ing what they have to give; for the laborer is worthy of his 
hire; go not from house to house. 

8 And whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat 
what is set before you; 9 and heal those in it who are sick, and 
say to them : The, kingdom of God has come near to you. 
10 But whatever city you enter, and they receive you not, go 
out into the streets of it, and say : n Even the dust of your 
city, which cleaves to us, we do wipe off against you; yet 
know this, that the kingdom of God has come near to you. 
12 1 say to you, It shall be more tolerable, in that day, for 
Sodom, than for that city. 13 Alas for thee, Chorazin ! alas for 
thee, Bethsaida ! for, if the mighty works which have been done 
in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have re- 
pented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But for 
Tyre and Sidon it shall be more tolerable in the judgment, 
than for you. 15 And thou, Capernaum, who hast been exalted 
to heaven, shalt be brought down to hades. 16 He that hears 
you, hears me; and he that rejects you, rejects me; and he 
that rejects me, rejects him that sent me. 

"And the seventy returned with joy, and said: Lord, even 
the demons are subject to us through thy name. 18 And he 
said to them : I saw Satan, like lightning from heaven, falling. 
19 Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scor- 
pions, and authority over all the power of the enemy; and 
nothing shall by any means hurt you. 20 However, rejoice not 



156 LUKE. [x. 

in this, that the spirits are subject to you; but rejoice that 
your names are written in heaven. 

21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said: I thank 
thee, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid 
these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed 
them to babes; even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy 
sight. 23 A11 things are delivered to me by my Father; and no 
one knows who the Son is but the Father, and who the Father 
is but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him. 

23 And he turned to his disciples, and said privately: Blessed 
are the eyes that see what you see. ^ For I say -to you, that 
many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did 
not see; and to hear what you hear, and did not hear. 

25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up to tempt him, and 
said : Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life ? 26 He 
said to him : What is written in the law ? How do you read ? 
27 He answered and said : You shall love the Lord your God 
with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with 
your whole strength, and with your whole understanding, and 
your neighbor as yourself. 28 He said to him : You have an- 
swered correctly; do this, and you shall live. 

29 But, wishing to justify himself, he said to Jesus: And who 
is my neighbor? 30 And Jesus answered and said: A certain 
man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among rob- 
bers, who stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and 
went away, leaving him half dead. 31 And by chance a certain 
priest went down along that road, and when he saw him, he 
passed by on the other side. 32 In like manner, also, a Levite, 
when he came to the place, went and looked on him, and 
passed by on the other side. 33 But a certain Samaritan, who 
was on a journey, came near him ; and when he saw him, he 



XL] LUKE. 157 

had compassion on him. 34 And he went to him, and bound up 
his wounds, pouring in oil and wine; and he put him on his 
own beast, and carried him to an inn, and took care of him. 
35 And on the morrow, when he departed, he took out two de- 
narii, and gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him : Take 
care of him; and whatever you spend more, on my return, I 
will repay you. 

36 Which, then, of these three do you think was neighbor to him 
that fell among the robbers? 3T He replied: He that showed 
mercy to him. Jesus said to him : Glo, and do you likewise. 

38 And it came to pass, as they continued their journey, that 
he entered a certain village, and a certain woman named 
Martha received him into her house. 39 And she had a sister 
called Mary, who also sat at the feet of Jesus, and heard his 
word. 40 But Martha made herself busy with much serving; 
and she came to him, and said : Lord, dost thou not care that 
my sister has left me to serve alone? Bid her, therefore, that 
she help me. 41 But Jesus answered and said to her : Martha, 
Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things: 
42 one thing is needful; and Mary has chosen the good part, 
which shall not be taken from her. 

XL l And it came to pass, as he was in a certain place pray- 
ing, that, when he ceased, one of his disciples said to him: 
Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples. 
2 And he said to them : When you pray, say, Our Father who 
art in heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy kingdom come; thy 
will be done, as in heaven, so on earth. 3 Give us, day by day, 
the bread sufficient for our support; 4 and forgive us our sins, 
for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us; and lead 
us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. 



158 LUKE. [XL 

5 And he said to them: Which of you shall have a friend, 
and shall go to him at midnight, and say to him, Friend, lend 
me three loaves; 6 for a friend of mine, who is on a journey, 
has come to me, and I have nothing to set before him? 7 And 
he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not; the door 
is already closed, and my children and myself are in bed ; I can 
not rise and give you. 8 1 say to you, Although he will not arise 
and give him, because he is his friend, yet, on account of his 
importunity, he will arise and give him as many as he needs. 
9 And I say to you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and 
you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 10 Por 
every one that asks, receives ; and he that seeks, finds ; and to 
him that knocks, it shall be opened. 

11 If a son ask bread of any one of you that is a father, will 
he give him a stone ? Or if he ask a fish, will he, instead of a 
fish, give him a serpent? 12 0r if he ask an egg, will he give 
him a scorpion? 13 If, then, you, being evil, know how to give 
good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly 
Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? 

14 And he was casting out a demon, and it was dumb; and it 
came to pass, when the demon had gone out, that the dumb 
man spoke : and the multitudes wondered. 15 But some of them 
said : He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of the 
demons. 16 And others, that they might tempt him, asked of 
him a sign from heaven. "But, knowing their purpose, he 
said to them : Every kingdom divided against itself, is brought 
to desolation ; and a house that is divided against a house, falls. 

18 If Satan be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom 
stand? For you say, that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. 

19 But if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your 
sons cast them out ? Therefore, they shall be your judges. 



XL] LUKE. . 159 

20 But if I cast out demons by the finger of God, then has the 
kingdom of God already come upon you. 

21 When the strong man armed keeps guard over his palace, 
his goods are in peace ; 22 but when one stronger than he comes 
upon him and overcomes him, he takes away all his armor in 
which he trusted, and divides his spoils. 23 He that is not with 
me, is against me; and he that gathers not with me, scatters. 

24 When the unclean spirit has gone out of a man, he goes 
through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, I 
will return to my house out of which I came. 25 And he comes 
and finds it swept, and set in order. 26 Then he goes and takes 
with him seven other spirits, more wicked than himself, and 
they enter in, and dwell there : and the last state of that man 
is worse than the first. 27 And it came to pass, that, when he 
said these things, a certain woman from among the multitude 
lifted up her voice, and said to him : Blessed is the womb that 
bore thee, and the breasts that thou didst suck. 28 And he 
said : Yes, rather blessed are they that hear the word of God, 
and keep it. 

29 And when the multitudes were crowded together, he began 
to say : This is an evil generation ; it asks for a sign, and no 
sign shall be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet. 
30 For as Jonah was a sign to the Ninevites, so the Son of man 
shall also be to this generation. 3l The queen of the south shall 
rise in the judgment with the men of this generation, and shall 
condemn them; for she came from the most distant parts of 
the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and lo, something 
greater than Solomon is here. 32 The men of Nineveh shall 
rise in the judgment with this generation, and condemn it ; for 
they repented in accordance with the preaching of Jonah ; and 
lo, something greater than Jonah is here. 



160 LUKE. [xi. 

33 No one, when he has lighted a lamp, puts it in a secret 
place, nor under the measure, but upon the lamp-stand, that 
those who come in may see the light. 34 The lamp of the body 
is the eye; when, therefore, your eye is sound, your whole body 
also is light ; but if it be diseased, your body also is dark. 
35 Take heed, therefore, lest the light that is in you be dark- 
ness. 3G If, therefore, your whole body is light, having no part 
dark, the whole shall be light, as when a lamp, by its bright- 
ness, gives you light. 

37 And as he spoke, a certain Pharisee asked him to dine 
with him. And he went in and reclined at table. 38 And 
when the Pharisee saw it, he wondered that he had not first 
immersed himself before dinner. 39 And the Lord said to him : 
Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and the 
plate; but your inward part is full of extortion and wicked- 
ness. 40 Senseless men, did not he who made the outside, 
make the inside also ? 41 But give as charity the contents of 
the cup, and behold, all things are clean for you. 

42 But alas for you, Pharisees ! for you tithe mint and rue 
and every herb, and pass by the justice and the love of (rod ; 
these you ought to have done, and those you ought not to have 
left undone. 43 Alas for you, Pharisees ! for you love the chief 
seat in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets. 44 Alas 
for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you are like 
graves that are not seen; and men that walk over them know 
it not. 

45 And one of the lawyers answered and said to him: Teacher, 
in saying these things, you reproach us also. * 6 He replied : 
Alas for you, lawyers, also ! for you bind upon men burdens 
hard to be borne, and you yourselves touch not the .burdens 
.with one of your fingers. 47 Alas for you ! for you build the 



XIL] LUKE. 161 

sepulchers of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 
48 Therefore you attest and approve the deeds of your fathers ; 
for they indeed killed them, and you build their sepulchers. 
49 For this reason also the Wisdom of God said: I will send 
them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill, 
and persecute, fi that the blood of all the prophets, which has 
been shed from the foundation of the world, may be required 
of this generation; 61 from the blood of Abel to the blood of 
Zachariah, who perished between the altar and the temple; 
yes, I say to you, It shall be required of this generation. 
52 Alas for you, lawyers ! for you have taken away the key of 
knowledge ; you did not go in yourselves, and those who were 
entering in, you prevented. 

53 And when he said these things to them, the scribes and the 
Pharisees began to be very angry, and to put questions to him 
about many things, M trying to entrap him, and seeking to lay 
hold on -something from his mouth, that they might accuse him. 

XII. 1 In the mean time, when myriads of the people had 
come together, so that they trod one upon another, he began to 
say to his disciples first of all : Beware of the leaven of the 
Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. 2 For there is nothing covered, 
which shall not be revealed, and hid, which shall not be made 
known. 3 Wherefore, what you have spoken in the darkness, 
shall be heard in the light; and what you have spoken in the 
ear in closets, shall be proclaimed upon the house-tops. 

4 But I say to you, my friends, Fear not them that kill the 
body, and after that have no more that they can do. 5 But I 
will show you whom you shall fear : Fear him who, after he 
has killed, has authority to cast into hell ; yes, I say to you, 
Fear him. 6 A.re not five sparrows sold for two farthings ? yet 
11 



162 LUKE. [XIL 

not one of them Is forgotten before God. 7 But even the hairs 
of your head are all numbered. Fear not, therefore; you are 
of more value than many sparrows. 

8 And I further say to you, Whoever confesses me before men, 
him will the Son of man also confess before the angels of God. 
9 But he that denies me before men, shall be denied before the 
angels of Grod. 10 And whoever shall speak a word against the 
Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but he that speaks im- 
piously against the Holy Spirit, shall not be forgiven. u When 
they bring you to the synagogues, and to rulers and authori- 
ties, be not anxious how or what you shall answer, or what 
you shall say; 12 for the Holy Spirit shall teach you in that 
hour what you ought to say. 

13 And a certain one of the multitude said to him : Teacher, 
speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me. 
14 But he said to him: Man, who made me a judge or a divider 
over you ? 15 And he said to them : Take heed and beware of 
covefcousness; for a man's life depends not on the abundance of 
his possessions. 

16 And he spoke a parable to them, saying: The farm of a 
certain rich man brought forth plentifully. 17 And he reasoned 
within himself, saying : What shall I do ? for I have no place 
in which I can store my fruits. 18 And he said: This will I 
do : I will pull down miy barns and I will build larger ones ; 
and there I will store all my produce, and my good things; 
19 and I will say to my soul : Soul, you have many good things 
laid up for many years; take your ease, eat, drink, be merry. 
20 But Gfod said to him: Senseless man, this night shall your 
soul be required of you; and who shall have the things which 
you have provided ? 21 So is he that lays up treasure for him- 
self, and is not rich toward God. 



xii.] LUKE. 163 

22 And lie said to his disciples: For this reason I say to you, 
Be not anxious for your life, what you shall eat; nor for your 
body, what you shall put on. ^Life is a greater gift than 
food, and the body, than clothing. ^ Consider the ravens, that 
they neither sow nor reap ; which have neither storehouse nor 
granary ; yet God feeds them : you are tif far more value than 
the birds. 25 Which of you, by his anxiety, can add one span 
to his life? 2G If, therefore, you can not do that which is the 
least, why are you anxious about the rest? 27 Consider the 
lilies, how they grow. They toil not, they spin not; yet I say 
to you, that Solomon in all his glory was not clothed like one 
of these. 28 If, then, God so clothes the herb of the field, which 
to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, will he not 
much more clothe you, you of little faith ? 

29 And' seek not what you shall eat, or what you shall drink, 
and be not in anxious suspense. 30 For all these things the 
nations of the world seek after; but your Father knows that 
you have need of these things. 31 But seek the kingdom of 
God, and all these things stall be given you in addition. 
32 Fear not, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure 
to give you the kingdom. 33 Sell what you have, and be chari- 
table. Make for youselves purses that do not become old, an 
unfailing treasure in the heavens, where no thief comes near, 
and no moth corrupts. M For where your treasure is, there will 
your heart be also. 

35 Let your loins be girded, and your lamps burning ; 36 and 
be like men that are waiting for their lord, when he shall 
return from the wedding; that, when he comes and knocks, 
they may open for him immediately. 37 Blessed are those serv- 
ants whom their lord, when he comes, shall find watching. 
Verily I say to you, That he will gird himself and make them 



164 LUKE. [xii. 

recline at table, and will come forth and serve them. ' 38 And if 
he shall come in the second watch, and if he shall come in the 
third watch, and find them thus, blessed are those servants. 
39 But know this, that if the master of the house had known at, 
what hour the thief comes, he would have watched, and would 
not have suffered his house to be broken through. 40 Be you, 
therefore, ready also; for at an hour when you think not, the 
Son of man comes. 

41 Then Peter said to him : Lord, dost thou speak this para- 
ble to us, or also to all ? 42 And the Lord said : Who, then, is 
that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler 
over his servants, to give them their portion of food at the 
proper time? 43 Blessed is that servant whom his lord, when 
he comes, shall find so doing. 44 0f a truth, I say to you, that 
he will make him ruler over all that he has. 45 But' if that 
servant shall say in his heart, My lord delays his coming, and 
shall begin to strike the men-servants and the maid-servants, 
and to eat and to drink, and to be drunk; 46 the lord of that 
servant will come in a day in which he looks not for him, and 
at an hour which he knows not; and will cut him asunder, and 
appoint him his portion with the unfaithful. 

47 And that servant who knew his lord's will, but made no 
preparation, nor did according to his will, shall be beaten with 
many stripes ; 48 but he that knew not, and did things worthy 
of stripes, shall be beaten with few. To whomever much has 
been given, of him shall much be required; and to whom men 
have intrusted much, of him will they ask the more, 

49 1 have come to send fire on the earth ; and how greatly do 
I wish that it were already kindled! 50 I have an immersion 
with which to be immersed, and how distressed I 'am till it be 
accomplished ! 61 Do you think that I have come to give peace 



xni.] LUKE. 165 

in the earth? I tell you, No; but rather dissension. 52 Por 
from this time forth there shall be five in one house at variance, 
three with two, and two with three. 53 The father shall be at 
variance with the son, and the son with the father; the mother 
with the daughter, and the daughter with the mother; the 
mother-in-law with her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in- 
law with her mother-in-law. 

54 And he said also to the multitudes : When you see the 
cloud rising from the west, you immediately say, There comes a 
shower : and so it is. 55 And when the south wind blows, you 
say, There will be heat : and it comes to pass. 56 Hypocrites, 
you know how to judge of the face of the earth, and of the 
heavens; but how is it that you do not judge of this time? 

57 And why even of yourselves do you not judge what is 
right? 58 For when you are going with your opponent at law 
to the ruler, while you are on the way, endeavor to be delivered 
from him, lest he drag you to the judge, and the judge deliver 
you to the collector, and the collector throw you into prison. 
59 1 say to you, Yoti shall not come out thence, till you have 
paid the very last mite. 

XIII. 1 And there were present, at that time, some that told 
him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with 
their sacrifices. 2 And Jesus answered and said to them: Do 
you think that those Galileans were greater sinners than all 
other Galileans, because they suffered such things? 3 I tell 
you, No; but unless you repent, you shall all likewise perish. 
4 Or, those eighteen, on whom the tower in Siloam fell, and 
killed them ; do you think that they were greater debtors than 
all other men that were living in Jerusalem? 5 I tell you, No; 
but unless you repent, you shall all likewise perish. 



166 LUKE. [sin. 

6 And lie spoke this parable: A certain man had a fig-tree 
that was planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought 
fruit on it, and found none. 7 Then he said to his vine-dresser, 
Behold, for three years I have come and sought fruit on this 
fig- tree, and I have found none; cut it down; why does it 
occupy the ground unprofitably? 8 But he answered and said 
to him, Sir, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, 
and throw in manure; 9 and it may bear fruit; but if not, after- 
ward you shall cut it down. 

10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sab- 
bath. n And, behold, there was a woman who had had a spirit 
of infirmity for eighteen years; and she was bowed together, 
and was not able to raise herself up at all. 12 And when Jesus 
saw her, he called her to him, and said to her: Woman, you 
are released from your infirmity. 13 And he laid his hands on 
her; and she immediately stood erect, and glorified God. 

14 But the ruler of the synagogue, indignant because Jesus 
had performed a cure on the sabbath-day, answered and said to 
the multitude : There are six days in which work ought to be 
done; on these, therefore, come and be cured, and not on the 
sabbath-day. Then the Lord answered him and said: l6 Hypo- 
crites, does not each one of you, on the sabbath, loose his ox or 
his ass from the stable, and lead him away, and give him water ? 
16 And ought not this woman, who is a daughter of Abra- 
ham, whom Satan has bound, lo, these eighteen years, to be 
loosed from this bond on the sabbath-day? "And when he 
had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed; and 
all the multitude rejoiced on account of all the glorious things 
that were done by him. 

18 Then he said: To what is the kingdom of God like; and 
to what shall I liken it? 19 It is like a grain of mustard, 



xiii.] LUKE. 167 

which a man took, and sowed in his garden; and it grew, and 
became a great tree; and. the birds of the air roosted in its 
branches. 

20 And again he said : To what shall I liken the kingdom of 
God? 21 It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in 
three measures of flour, till the whole was leavened. 

22 And he went through every city and village, teaching, and 
journeying to Jerusalem. 

23 And a certain man said to him : Lord, are there few that 
are saved ? And he said to them : 2 * Strive to enter in through 
the strait gate; for many, I say to you, will seek to enter in, 
and shall not be able. 25 When once the master of the house 
has risen, and closed the door, and you begin to stand without, 
and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open for us, and lie 
shall answer and say to you, I know you not, whence you are; 
26 then, you will begin to say, "We have eaten and drunk in thy 
presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. 27 And he shall 
say, I tell you, I know you not, whence you are; depart from 
me, all you workers of iniquity. 28 There shall be weeping and 
gnashing of. teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Ja- 
cob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but your- 
selves cast out. 29 And they shall come from the east and the 
west, and from the north and the south, and shall recline at 
table in the kingdom of God. 30 And behold, there are last 
that shall be first, and there are first that shall be last. 

31 On the same day, certain Pharisees came and said to him : 
Depart, and get away from this place; for Herod intends tc 
kill you. 32 And he said to them: Go and tell that fox, Be- 
hold, I cast out demons, and perform cures to-day and to-mor- 
row, and the third day I finish the work. 33 But I musl 
continue my journey to-day and to-morrow and the day follow- 



168 LUKE. [xiv. 

ing ; for it is not possible that a prophet perish out of Jerusa- 
lem. 34 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that Mllest the prophets and 
stonest them that are sent to thee: how often have I desired 
to gather thy children together, as a bird gathers her young 
under her wings, and you refused. 35 Behold, your house is 
deserted; and I say to you, You shall not see me till the time 
come when you shall say, Blessed is he that comes in the 
name of the Lord. 

XIV. *And it came to pass, that he went, on the sabbath- 
day, into the house of one of the chief men of the Pharisees, to 
eat bread; and they watched him. 2 And behold, there was a 
man before him, who had the dropsy. 3 And Jesus answered 
and spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying : Is it lawful to 
cure on the . sabbath- day ? 4 But they were silent. And he 
took him, and healed him, and let him go. 5 And he answered 
and said to them : Which of you, if his son or his ox should 
fall into a pit, would not immediately pull him out on the sab- 
bath-day ? 6 And they were not able to give him an answer to 
these things. 

7 And he spoke a parable to those who had been invited, 
when he observed how they were choosing the first places at 
table ; and he said to them : 8 When you are invited by any 
one to a wedding, do not recline in the first place, lest a more 
honorable man than you may have been invited by him; 9 and 
he that invited you and him, come and say to you, Give place 
to this man; and then you shall begin with shame to take the 
last place. 10 But when you are invited, go and recline in the 
last place, that when he that invited you shall come, he may 
say to you, Friend, go up higher. Then you shall have honor 
in the presence of those who recline with you. u For every one 



xiv.] LUKE. 169 

that exalts himself shall be humbled; and he that humbles 
himself shall be exalted. 

12 Then he said also to him that had invited him: When 
you make a dinner or a supper, call not your friends, nor your 
brothers, nor your relatives, nor your rich neighbors, lest they 
also invite you in return, and a recompense be made you. 
13 But when you make a feast, invite the poor, the maimed, the 
lame, the blind; 14 and you shall be blessed; for they have no 
power to repay you ; but you shall be repaid at the resurrec- 
tion of the just. 

15 And a certain one of those who reclined at table with him, 
after- hearing these things, said to him : Blessed is he who 
shall eat bread in the kingdom of God. 1B And he said to him: 
A certain man made a great supper, and invited many. 17 And 
he sent his servant at the hour of supper, to say to those who 
had been invited, Come, for all things are now ready. 18 And 
they all, with one consent, began to make excuse. The first 
said to him, I have bought a farm, and I must go and see it; 
I pray you, have me excused. 19 And another said, I have 
bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to try them; I pray 
you, have me excused. 20 And another said, I have married a 
wife, and, for this reason, I can not come. 31 And that servant 
came and told his lord these things. 

Then the master of the house was angry, and said to his 
servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, 
and bring in hither the poor and the maimed, the lame and 
the blind. 22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as you 
commanded, and yet there is room. ^And the lord said to his 
servant, Go out into the roads, and among the hedges, and 
compel them to come in, that my house may be full. ^ For I 
say to you, that not one of those men who have been invited, 
shall taste of my supper. 



170 LUKE. [xv. 

25 And many multitudes were journeying with him; and he 
turned and said to them : 26 If any one comes to me, and hates 
not his father and mother and wife and children and brothers 
and sisters, and his own life also, he can not be my disciple. 

27 And whoever does not bear his cross, and come after me, 
can not be my disciple. 28 For which of you, intending to 
build a tower, does not first sit down, and count the cost, 
whether he has the means to finish it ? w Lest, when he has 
laid the foundation, and is not able to finish, all that see it 
begin to deride him, 30 saying, This man began to build, and 
was not able to finish. 

31 Or, what king, going to make war against another king, 
does not first sit down, and deliberate whether he is able, with 
ten thousand, to meet him that is coming against him with 
twenty thousand? 32 And if not, while he is yet at a distance, 
he sends an embassy, and asks for conditions of peace. 33 So, 
then, whoever of you does not forsake all that he has, can not 
be my disciple. 34 Salt is good; but if the salt become taste- 
less, by what means shall it become salt again? 35 It is fit 
neither for earth, nor for manure; but they cast it out. He 
that has ears to hear, let him hear. 

XV. J And all the publicans and the sinners came near to 
him to hear him. 2 And the Pharisees and the scribes mur- 
mured, saying: This man receives sinners, and eats with them. 

3 And he spoke this parable to them, saying: "What man of 
you that has a hundred sheep, and loses one of them, does not 
leave the ninety-nine in the desert, and go after that which is 
lost, till he find it? 5 And when he finds it, he puts it on his 
shoulders, rejoicing. 6 And when he comes aome, he calls to- 
gether his friends and neighbors, and says to them., Rejoice 
with me, for I have found my sheep that was lost. 7 I say to 



xv.] LUKE. 171 

you, That thus there shall be joy in heaven over . one sinner 
that repents, more than over ninety-nine just persons, who 
need no repentance. 

8 Or, what woman that has ten drachmas, if she lose one 
drachma, does not light a lamp, and sweep the house, and 
search carefully till she find it? 9 And when she finds it, she 
calls .together her friends and neighbors, saying, Kejoice with 
me, for I have found the drachma that I lost. 10 So, I say to 
you, There is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one 
sinner that repents. 

11 Then he said: A certain man had two sons. 12 And the 
younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the por- 
tion of the property that falls to me. And he divided his 
estate between them. 13 And not many days after, the younger 
son, taking with him all that was his, left home for a dis- 
tant country, and there wasted his property in riotous living. 
14 When he had spent all, there was a great famine throughout 
that country, and he began to be in want. 15 And he went and 
attached himself to one of the citizens of that country, who 
sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16 And he would gladly 
have filled his stomach with the pods which the swine did eat. 
And no one gave to him. 

17 But when he came to himself, he said, How many of my 
father's hired servants have bread enough and to spare, and I 
am perishing with hunger ! 18 1 will arise and go to my father, 
and I will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven 
and in your sight, 19 and am no longer worthy to be called your 
son : make me as one of your hired servants. 20 And he arose, 
and came to his father. And while he was yet a great way 
off, his father saw him, and had compassion on him, and ran 
and fell upon his neck, and kissed him. 21 But his son said to 



172 .LUKE. [xvi. 

him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight, 
and am no longer worthy to be called your son. 22 But the 
father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and 
put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and sandals on 
his feet. 23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it, and 
let us eat and be merry; ^for this my son was dead, and is 

* 

alive again : he was lost, and is found. And they began to be 
merry. 

25 But his elder son was in the field; and as he came and 
drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. 2G And 
he called to him one of the servants, and asked what these 
things meant. 27 And he said to him, Tour brother has come, 
and your father has killed the fatted calf, because he has re- 
ceived him in health. 28 And he was angry, and would not go 
in. Then his father went out and entreated him. 29 But he 
answered and said to his father, Behold, for so many years do 
I serve you, and never have I transgressed your commandment, 
and yet you never gave me a kid, that I might make merry 
with my friends. 30 But as soon as this your son has come, 
who has eaten up your estate with harlots, you have killed for 
him the fatted calf. 31 And he said to him, Son, you are ever 
with me, and all that I have is yours. 33 But it became us to 
make merry and rejoice; for this your brother was dead, and 
is alive again : was lost, and is found. 

XVI. l And he said also to his disciples : There was a certain 
rich man, who had a steward; and he was accused to him of 
wasting his goods. 2 And he called him, and said to him : 
What is this that I hear of you? Give an account of your 
stewardship, for you can no longer act as steward. 3 And the 
steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord 



xvi.] LUKE. 173 

takes from me the stewardship. I have not strength -to dig; I 
am ashamed to beg. 4 I am resolved on what I shall do, that, 
when I am put out of the stewardship, I may be received into 
their houses. 

5 And he called to him every one of his lord's debtors, and 
said to the first, How much do you owe my lord? 6 He re- 
plied, A hundred baths of oil. And he said to him, Take 
back your note, and sit down quickly, and write fifty. T Then 
he said to another, How much do you owe? He replied, A 
hundred homers of wheat. And he said to him, Take back 
your note, and write eighty. 8 And the lord commended the 
unjust steward, because he acted prudently. For the children 
of this age are more prudent toward their generation than the 
children of light. 

9 And I say to you, Make for yourselves friends with the un- 
righteous riches, that when you fail, you may be received into 
the everlasting habitations. 10 He that is faithful in the least, 
is faithful also in much. He that is unjust in the least, is un- 
just also in much. n lf, therefore, you have not been faithful 
in the unrighteous riches, who will intrust you with the true? 
12 And if you have not been faithful in that which is another's, 
who will give to you that which is your own? 13 No servant 
can serve two masters ; for he will either hate the one, and 
love the other; or he will cleave to the one, and despise the 
other. You can not serve God and riches. 

14 And the Pharisees also, who were lovers of money, heard 
all these things, and they scoffed at him. 15 And he said to 
them: You set yourselves forth as righteous before men, but 
God knows your hearts; for that which is highly esteemed 
among men, is detestable in the sight of God. 1G The law and 
the prophets were till John. Since that time, the kingdom of 



174 LUKE. [xvi. 

God is preached, and every one enters it by force. 17 But it is 
easier for heaven, and earth to pass away, than for one point 
of the law to fail. 18 Whoever divorces his wife and marries 
another, commits adultery : and whoever marries her that is 
divorced, commits adultery. 

19 There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in purple 
and fine linen, and feasted sumptuously every day. 20 And 
there was a certain poor man named Lazarus, who was laid at 
his gate, full of sores : 21 and he would gladly have been fed 
with the crumbs that fell from the rich man's table. And even 
the dogs came and licked his sores. 22 And it came to pass, 
that the poor man died, and was carried by angels to Abra- 
ham's bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried; 23 and 
in hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and saw 
Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. 

24 And he called to him and said, Father Abraham, have 
mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his 
finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in 
this flame. K But Abraham said, Son, remember that, in your 
lifetime, you received your good things, and likewise Lazarus 
his evil things. But now he is comforted, and you are tor- 
mented, 26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a 
great chasm fixed, so that they that would pass hence to you, 
can not; nor can they that would, pass thence to us. 

27 Then he said, I beseech you, therefore, father, that you 
would send him to my father's house; 28 for I' have five brothers; 
that he may earnestly admonish them, lest they also come to 
this place of torment. 29 Abraham said to him, They have 
Moses and the prophets ; let them hear them. 30 But he said, 
Not so, Father Abraham; but if one should go to them from 
the dead, they would repent. 31 But he said to him, If they 



XVIL] LUKE. 175 

hear not Moses and the prophets, they will not be persuaded, 
though one should rise from the dead. 

XVII. * Then he said to his disciples : It is impossible that 
causes of offense should not come; but alas for him by whom 
they come ! 2 It would be better for him that a millstone were 
hung about his neck, and he were thrown into the sea, than 
that he should cause one of these little ones to sin. 3 Take 
heed to yourselves; if your brother sin against you, rebuke 
him; and if he repent, forgive him. *And if he sin against 
you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again 
to you and say, I repent, you shall forgive him. 

5 And the apostles said to the Lord : Increase our faith. 
6 And the Lord said: If you had faith like a grain of mustard, 
you might say to this sycamine-tree, Be uprooted, and be 
planted in the sea, and it should obey you. 

7 Which of you that has a servant plowing, or feeding a 
flock, will say to him immediately, when he comes in from the 
field, Gk> and recline at table ? 8 But will he not say to him, 
Make ready my supper, and gird yourself, and serve me, till I 
have eaten and drunk; and afterward, you shall eat and drink? 
9 Does he thank that servant, because he did what was com- 
manded? I think not. 10 So also you, when you shall have 
done all things that you are commanded to do, say, We are 
unprofitable servants; for we have done what was our duty 
to do. 

11 And it came to pass, as he was journeying to Jerusalem, 
that he passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 
12 And as he entered a certain village, there met him ten men 
that were lepers, who stood at a distance. 13 And they lift- 
ed up their voice, saying : Jesus, Master, have mercy on us. 



176 LUKE. [XVIL 

14 And when he saw them, he said to them : Go, show your- 
selves to the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, 
they were made clean. 

15 But, one of them, seeing that he was restored to health, 
turned hack, and, with a loud voice, glorified God. 16 And he 
fell on his face at his feet, and gave him thanks; and he was 
a Samaritan. "And Jesus answered and said: Were not the 
ten cleansed ? hut where are the nine ? 18 Were there none 
found to return and give glory to God, hut this one of another 
race ? 19 And he said to him : Arise, and go ; your faith has 
saved you. 

20 And being asked by the Pharisees, when the kingdom of 
God should come, he answered them and said: The kingdom 
of God comes not so as to attract attention ; 21 nor shall it be 
said, Lo here ! or Lo there ! for, behold, the kingdom of God is 
among you. 

22 And he said to his disciples: The days will come, when 
you will desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and 
shall not see it. 23 And they shall say to you, Lo here ! or Lo 
there ! go not after them, nor follow them. 24 For as the light- 
ning that flashes out of one part under heaven, shines to an- 
other part under heaven, so shall the Son of man be in his 
day. 25 But first he must suffer many things, and be rejected 
by this generation. . 

26 And as it was in the days of Noah, so shall .it be also in 
the days of the Son of man. 27 They ate, they drank, they 
married, they were given in marriage, till the day in which 
Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them 
all. 28 In like manner also, as it was in the days of Lot : they 
ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they 
builded; 29 but in the day in which Lot went out of Sodom, it 



xvm.] LUKE. 177 

rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. 
30 Even thus shall it be in the day in which the Son of man is 
revealed. 

31 In that day, let not him that is on the house-top, and 
whose goods are in the house, come down to take them away. 
Likewise, he that is in the field, let him not turn back. 32 Ke- 
member Lot's wife. 33 Whoever will seek to save his life, shall 
lose it; and whoever will lose his life, shall save it. 34 I say 
to you, on that night two men shall be in one bed; the one 
shall be taken, and the other left. 35 Two women shall be 
grinding together ; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 
36 Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and 
the other left. 37 And they answered and said to him. Where, 
Lord? And he said to them: Where the body is, there will 
the vultures be gathered. 

XVIII. *And he spoke a parable to them, that they ought 
always to pray, and not to become weary, 2 saying : There was 
in a certain city a judge, who neither feared God nor regarded 
man. 3 And there was a widow in that city, and she came 
to him, and said: Avenge me on my opponent at law. 4 And 
for a while he refused. But afterward he said within himself : 
Though I fear not God, nor regard man, 5 yet, because this 
widow troubles me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual 
coming she weary me. 

6 And the Lord said: Hear what the unjust judge says; 7 and 
will not God avenge his elect, who cry to him day and night, 
though he delay long in respect to them ? 8 1 say to you, that 
he will avenge them speedily. Yet, when the Son of man 
comes, will he find the faith on the earth ? 

9 And he spoke this parable to some, who trusted in thein- 
12 



178 ^ LUKE. [xvin. 

selves itihat they were righteous, and who despised others. 
10 Two men went up into the temple to pray, the one a Phar- 
isee, and the other a publican. u The Pharisee stood and 
prayed thus with himself: God, I thank thee that I am not as 
other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this pub- 
lican. 12 I fast twice in the week; I give tithes of all that I 
possess. 13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not even 
lift up his eyes to heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying : 
God, be merciful to me a sinner. U I say to you, this man 
went down to his house justified, rather than the other. For 
every one that exalts himself, shall be humbled; but he that 
humbles himself, shall be exalted. 

15 And they brought to him infants also, that he might touch 
them. But when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 
16 And Jesus called them to him, and said : Let the little chil- 
dren come to me, and hinder them not; for of such is the 
kingdom of God. "Verily I say to you, Whoever shall not re- 
ceive the kingdom of God, as a little child, shall in no way 
enter into it. 

18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying: Good Teacher, 
what shall I do to inherit eternal life? 19 And Jesus said to 
him : Why do you call me good ? None is good but one, that 
is God. 20 You know the commandments, Do not commit adul- 
tery; Do not kill; Do not steal; Do not bear false testimony; 
Honor your father and your mother. 2 * He replied : All these 
have I kept from my youth. 22 When Jesus heard this, he said 
to him : One thing you yet lack ; sell all that you have, and 
give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: and 
come, follow me. 23 And when he heard this, he was very sad, 
for he was very rich. 

24 When Jesus saw that he was very sad, he said : How diffi- 



XVIIL] LUKE. 179 

cult it is for those who have riches to enter into the kingdom 
of God ! 25 For it is easier for a camel to go through the eye 
of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of 
God. 26 And those who heard it said: Who, then, can be saved? 
27 He replied: Things that are impossible with men, are possi- 
ble with God. 

28 Then Peter said: Behold, we have left all and followed 
thee. 29 And he said to them: Verily I say to you, There is 
no one that has left house, or parents, or brothers, or wife, or 
children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, 30 who shall not 
receive manifold more in this time, and in the age to come, 
eternal life. 

31 And he took the twelve aside, and said to them: Behold, 
we are going up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written 
by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accom- 
plished. 32 For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and shall 
be derided and insulted and spit upon; 33 and they shall scourge 
him, and put him to death, and on the third day he shall rise 
again. 34 And they understood none of these things; and this 
saying was concealed from them ; and they understood not the 
things that were spoken. 

35 And it came to pass, that, as he came near to Jericho, a 
certain blind man sat by the road begging. 36 And when he 
heard the multitude passing by, he asked what this meant. 

37 And they told him that Jesus the Nazarene was passing by. 

38 And he cried out and said : Jesus, son of David, have mercy 
on me. 39 And those who went before rebuked him, that he 
should be silent. But he cried so much the more : Son of 
David, have mercy on me. 

40 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be brought 
to him. And when he came near, he asked him, 41 saying: 



180 LUKE. [xix. 

"What do you wish me to do for you? He replied: Lord, that 
I may receive my sight. 42 And Jesus said to him : Receive 
your sight; your faith has saved you. 43 And he immediately 
received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God. And all 
the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God. 

XIX. *And he entered, and passed through Jericho. 2 And, 
behold, there was a man called Zacchseus, who was a chief pub- 
lican; and he was rich. 3 And he sought to see Jesus, who he 
was, and was not able on account of the multitude, because he 
was of small stature. *And he ran before, and climbed up a 
sycamore-tree, that he might see him, for he was about to pass 
that way. 5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up 
and saw him, and said to him : Zacchaeus, make haste and come 
down, for I must spend this day at your house. 6 And he 
made haste and came down, and received him joyfully. 

7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying : He hag 
gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner. 8 And Zacchseus 
stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my 
goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken from any one 
by false accusation, I restore him fourfold. 9 And Jesus said to 
him : To-day has salvation come to this house, since he also is 
a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of man has come to seek and 
to save that which was lost. 

11 And as they heard these things, he also spoke a parable, 
because he was near Jerusalem, and they thought that the 
kingdom of God would immediately appear. 12 He said, there- 
fore : A certain nobleman went into a distant country to receive 
for himself a kingdom, and to return. T3 And he called his ten 
servants, and gave them ten pounds, and said to them, Engage 
in trade till I come. 14 But his citizens hated him, and sent an 



. xix.] LUKE. 181 

embassy after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign 
over- us. 

15 And it came to pass, that, when he had returned, having 
received the kingdom, he commanded those servants to be 
called, to whom he had given the money, that he might know 
what each had gained by trading. 16 And the first came and 
said: Lord, your pound has gained ten pounds. 17 And he 
said to him : Well done, good servant ; because you have been 
faithful in a very little, have /authority over ten cities. 18 And 
the second came and said: Lord, your pound has gained five 
pounds. 19 And he said to him also: And be you over five 
cities. M And another came and said: Lord, behold your 
pound, which I have kept laid away in a napkin. 21 For I was 
afraid of you, because you are a hard man ; you take up that 
which you did not lay down, and reap that which you did not 
sow. 

22 Then he said to him: Out of your own mouth will I judge 
you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was a hard man, 
taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did 
not sow. a3 And why then did you not put my money into the 
bank, that, when I came, I could have collected it with inter- 
est? 24 And he said to those who stood by: Take from him 
the pound, and give it to him that has ten pounds. 25 And 
they said to him: Lord, he has ten pounds. 26 Por I say to 
you, To every one that has, it shall be given; but from him 
that has not, even that which he has shall be taken away. 

27 But those who are my enemies, who were not willing that I 
should rule over them, bring hither, and slay them before me. 

28 And when he had said these things, he went before, going up 
to Jerusalem. 

29 And it came to pass, that, when he came near to Beth- 



182 LUKE. [xix. 

phage and Bethany, to the mount called the mount of Olives, 
he sent two of his disciples, 30 laying : Gro into the opposite vil- 
lage, in which, when you enter, you will find a colt tied, ou 
which no man ever sat. Loose him, and bring him. 31 And if 
any one ask you why you loose him, thus shall you say to 
him: The Lord has need of him. 

32 And those who were sent, went, and found as he had said 
to them. 33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners of him 
said to them : Why do you loose the colt ? M They replied : 
The Lord has need of him. 35 And they brought him to Jesus, 
and threw their mantles upon the colt, and set Jesus on him. 
36 And as he was going on, they spread their mantles in the 
road. 37 And when he was now near the descent of the mount 
of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice 
and to praise God, with a loud voice, for all the mighty deeds 
which they had seen, 38 saying : Blessed is the king that comes 
in the name of the Lord; peace in heaven, and glory in the 
highest. 39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multi- 
tude, said to him: Teacher, rebuke your disciples. 40 And he 
answered, and said to them: I say to you, that if these had 
been silent, the stones would have cried out. 

41 And when he came near, he looked upon the city, and 
wept over it, 42 saying : Hadst thou. known, even thou, a,t least 
in this thy day, the things which were for thy peace ! But 
now, they are hid from thy eyes. 43 For the clays will come 
upon thee, when thy enemies will throw up a mound about 
thee, and inclose thee around, and keep thee in on every side, 
44 and will destroy thee and thy children within thee, and will 
not leave in thee one stone upon another, because thou knewest 
not the time of thy visitation. 

45 And he went into the temple, and began to drive out those 



xx.] LUKE. 183' 

who were selling in it, and those who were buying, 46 and said 
to them : It is written, My house is a house of prayer ; but 
you have made it a den of robbers. 

47 And he was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief 
priests, and the scribes, and the chief of the people sought to 
destroy him, 48 and found nothing that they could do, for all 
the people hung on his words. 

XX. l And it came to pass, that, on one of those days, while 
he was teaching the people in the temple, and preaching the 
gospel, the chief priests and the scribes, with the elders, came 
to him, 2 and spoke to him, saying: Tell us by what authority 
you do these things? or, who is he that gave you this author- 
ity? 3 And he answered and said to them: I also will ask you 
one thing, and do jo\\ answer me. 4 Was the immersion of 
John from heaven, or from men? 5 And they reasoned among 
themselves, saying: If we say, From heaven, he will reply: 
Why, then, did you not believe him? "But if we say, From 
men, all the people will stone us; for they believe that John 
was a prophet. 7 And they answered, that they knew not 
whence it was. 8 And Jesus said to them: Nor do I tell you 
by what authority I do these things. 

9 And he began to speak this parable to the people: A man 
planted a vineyard, and let it out to vine-dressers, and was 
absent from home for a long time. 10 And at the proper sea- 
son, he sent a servant to those vine-dressers, that they should 
give him of the fruit of the vineyard. But the vine-dressers 
scourged him, and sent him away empty-handed. u And he 
then sent another servant. But they scourged him also, and 
treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed, 
12 And he also sent a third ; but they wounded him, and drove 
him out.. 



184 LUKE. [xx. 

13 And the owner of the vineyard said : What shall I do ? I 
will send my beloved son; perhaps, when they see him, they 
will reverence him. M But when the vine-dressers saw him, 
they reasoned among themselves, saying : This is the heir ; 
come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. 15 And 
they drove him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What, 
then, will the owner of the vineyard do to them ? 1G He will 
come and destroy these vine-dressers, and will give his vine- 
yard to others. 

And when they heard it, they said : Be it not so ! 17 And he 
looked on them and said : What, then, does this mean, which 
is written, The stone which the builders rejected has become 
the head of the corner? 18 Whoever shall fall on this stone, 
shall be dashed to pieces; but on whomever it shall fall, it will 
make him as chaff for the wind. 19 And the chief priests and 
the scribes sought to lay hands on him, the same hour; (and 
yet they feared the people;) for they knew that he spoke this 
parable against them. 

20 And they watched him, and sent spies, who feigned them- 
selves to be just men, that they might take hold of his 
words, in order to deliver him up to the power and authority 
of the governor. 2l And they asked him, saying: Teacher, we 
know that you speak and teach rightly, and do not regard the 
person of any, but teach the way of God in truth. 22 Is it law- 
ful for us to give tribute to Caasar, or not? 23 But he per- 
ceived their cunning, and said to them : Why do you tempt 
me ? ^ Show me a denarius. Whose image and superscrip- 
tion has it ? They answered and said : Caesar's. 25 He said to 
them : Give, therefore, to Cassar the things that are Csesar's, 
and to God the things that are God's. 2G And they were not 
able to take hold of his words before the people. And they 
were astonished at his answer, and were silent. 



xx.] LUKE. 185 

27 Then there came to him some of the Sadducees, (these 
deny that there is any resurrection,) and asked him, 28 saying: 
Teacher, Moses wrote for us, If any man's brother die, having 
a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should 
take his wife, and raise up children for his brother. 29 There 
were, therefore, seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and 
died without children; 30 and the second took his wife, and he 
died without children ; 81 and the third took her ; and in like 
manner also the seven; and they left no children, and died. 
32 Last of all, the woman also died. 33 Therefore, in the resur- 
rection, of which of them shall she be the wife? for the seven 
had her as a wife. 

34 And Jesus answered and said to them : The children of 
this age marry, and are given in marriage. 35 But those who 
shall be accounted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrec* 
tion from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. 
36 For they can die no more; for they are like the angels, and 
are the sons of God, being the sons of the resurrection. 37 But 
that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at The Bush, 
since he calls the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of 
Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 He is not a God of the dead, 
but of the living; for all live to him. 39 And certain of the 
scribes answered and said : Teacher, thou hast answered well. 
40 And after this they durst not ask him any question at all. 

41 But he said to them : How say they that the Christ is the 
son of David? 42 Even David himself says, in the book of 
Psalms : The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, 
43 till I make thy enemies thy footstool. 44 David, therefore, 
calls him Lord; and how is he his son? 

45 And while all the people were listening, he said to his dis- 
ciples : 4G Beware of the scribes, who delight to walk in robes, 



186 LUKE. [xxr. 

and love greetings in the ' markets, and the first seats in the 
synagogues, and the first places at suppers; 47 who eat up the 
houses of widows, and, for a pretext, make long prayers. These 
shall receive the greater condemnation. 

XXI. 1 And he looked up, and saw the rich throwing their 
gifts into the treasury. 2 And he saw also a certain poor 
widow throw in thither two mites. 3 And he said : Of a truth, 
I say to you, that this poor widow has thrown in more than 
they all. 4 For all these, from their abundance, have thrown in 
among the gifts of Grod; but she, from her poverty, has thrown 
in all the living that she had. 

5 And as some were saying of the temple, that it was adorned 
with beautiful stones and offerings, he said: c> As for these 
things which you see, the days will come in which there shall 
not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown 
down. 7 And they asked him, saying: Teacher, when shall 
these things be? And what shall be the sign when these 
things come to pass? 8 He replied: Take heed that you be 
not deceived ; for many will come in my name, saying : I am 
he; and, The time is near. Go not, therefore, after them. 
"But when you hear of wars, and tumults, be not terrified; for 
these things must first take place ; but the end comes not im- 
mediately. 10 Then he said to them : Nation shall rise against 
nation, and kingdom against kingdom; u and there shall be 
great earthquakes in various places, and famines, and pesti- 
lences ; and there shall be fearful sights and great signs from 
heaven. 

12 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on 
you, and persecute you, delivering you up to synagogues, and 
into prisons, after being brought before kings and governors 



xxr.] LUKE. 187 

for my name's sake. 13 But this shall become to you the means 
of bearing testimony. u Therefore, determine in your hearts 
not to meditate beforehand what you shall answer ; 15 for I will 
give you a mouth, and wisdom, which all your opposers shall 
not be able to gainsay or withstand. 16 But you will be deliv- 
ered up by parents and brothers and relatives and friends ; and 
some of you they will put to death; 17 and you will be hated 
by all for my name's sake. 18 Tet a hair of your head shall 
not perish. 19 By your patient endurance, preserve your lives. 

20 But when you shall see Jerusalem besieged by armies, then 
know that its desolation is near. 21 Then let those who are in 
Judea flee to the mountains; and let those who are in the 
midst of it, withdraw from it. Let those who are in the coun- 
try, not come within- it. 22 For these are the days of venge- 
ance, that all things that are written may be fulfilled. 23 But 
alas for them that are with child, and for them that give suck 
in those days ! for there shall be great distress upon the 
land, and wrath upon this people. 24 And they shall fall by 
the edge of the sword, and be led away captive among all na- 
tions ; and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles, 
till the times of the Gentiles oe fulfilled. 

25 And there shall be signs in the sun and in the moon and 
in the stars; and on the earth, distress of nations in perplex- 
ity; the sea and its waves roaring; 26 men's hearts failing on 
account of the fearful expectation of the things that are coming 
on the land ; for the hosts of the heavens shall be shaken. 
27 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud, 
with power and great glory. 28 When these things begin to 
take place, look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemp- 
tion draws near. 

29 And he spoke a parable to them: See the fig-tree, and all 



188 LUKE. 

the trees; 30 when they now put forth leaves, you see, and 
know of yourselves that summer is near. 31 So likewise, when 
you see these things taking place, you know that the kingdom 
of God is near. 32 Verily I say to you, This generation shall 
not- pass away till all be fulfilled. 33 Heaven and earth shall 
pass away, but my words shall not pass away. 

34 And take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts become heavy 
with reveling and drunkenness and the cares of life, and that 
day come upon you when you look not for it. 35 For as a snare, 
it shall come on all that dwell on the face of all the land. 
36 Watch, therefore, and pray at all times, that you may be 
accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to 
pass, and to stand before the Son of man. 

37 And in the" day-time -he was teaching in the temple. But 
he went out and passed the nights in' the mount called the 
mount of Olives. 38 And all the people came early in the 
morning to him in the temple, in order to hear him. 

XXII. a Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called 
the passover, was at hand. 2 And the chief priests and the 
scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the 
people. 3 But Satan entered into Judas surnamed Iscariot, who 
was of the number of the twelve. 4 And he went away, and 
conferred with the chief priests and the captains how he might 
deliver him up to them. 5 And they were glad, and agreed to 
give him money. 6 And he consented, and sought an oppor- 
tunity to deliver him up to them without tumult. 

7 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover 
must be killed. 8 And he sent Peter and John, saying : G-o, 
make ready the passover for us, that we may eat it. 9 They 
said to him : Where dost thou wish that we make it ready ? 



XXIL] LUKE. 189 

10 And lie said to them : Behold, as you go into the city, there 
shall meet you a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him 
into the house that he enters ; " and say to the master of the 
house : The Teacher says to you, "Where is the room in which 
I may eat the passover with my disciples? 12 And he will 
show you a large upper room furnished; there make ready. 
13 And they went, and found as he had said to them; and they 
made ready the passover. 

14 And when the hour had come, he reclined at table, and the 
twelve apostles with him. 15 And he said to them: I have 
greatly desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer. 
16 For I say to you, I will eat of it no more till it is fulfilled 
in the kingdom of God. 17 And he took the cup, and gave 
thanks, and said : Take this, and divide it among yourselves ; 
18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine till 
the kingdom of God has come. 

19 And he took -bread, and gave thanks; and he broke, and 
gave it to them, saying : This is my body, which is given for 
you: do this in remembrance of me. 20 In like manner also, 
the cup, after he had supped, saying : This cup is the new 
covenant in my blood, which is shed for you. 

21 But, behold, the hand of him that delivers me up is with 
me on the table. 22 And the Son of man goes, as it is de- 
termined; but alas for that man by whom he is delivered up. 
23 And they began to inquire among themselves, which of them 
it could be that was about to do this thing. 

24 And there had been also a contention among them, which 
of them was thought to be the greatest. 25 And he said to 
them : The kings of the nations have dominion over them, and 
those who exercise authority over tl em are called benefactors. 
26 But you shall not be so; but let the greatest among you be 



190 LUKE. [XXIL 

as the younger, and him that is chief, as he that serves. 27 For 
which is greater, he that reclines at table, or he that serves? 
Is not he that reclines at table ? But I am among you as one 
that 'serves. w You are they that have continued with me in 
my trials; 29 and I appoint to you a kingdom, as my Father 
has appointed to me, 30 that you may eat and drink at my table 
in my kingdom, and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes 
of Israel. 

31 And the Lord said: Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has de- 
manded you apostles for himself, that he may sift you as wheat. 
32 But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith fail not. 
And when you have turned to me again, strengthen your 
brethren. 33 And he said to him : Lord, I am ready to go with 
thee, both to prison and to death. 34 He replied: I tell you, 
Peter, the cock shall not crow this day before you have three 
times denied that you know me. 

35 And he said to them : "When I sent you without purse and 
bag and sandals, did you need any thing ? They replied : 
Nothing. 3B Then he said to them : But now, he that has 
a purse, let him take it, and likewise a bag; and he that 
has no sword, let him sell his mantle and buy one. 37 For I 
say to you, That even this which is written must be fulfilled 
in me : And he was numbered with transgressors. For the 
things concerning me have an end. 38 And they said: Lord, 
behold, here are two swords. He said to them : It is 
enough. 

39 And after he had gone out, he went, according to custom, 
to the mount of Olives; and his disciples followed him. *And 
when he came to the place, he said to them : Pray, that you 
enter not into temptation. 41 And he withdrew from them 
about a stone's throw, and kneeled down, and prayed, * 2 saying: 



XXIL] LUKE. 191 

Father, if thou art willing that this cup should pass from me 
yet, not my will, but thine be done. 

43 And there appeared to him an angel from heaven, to 
strengthen him. ^And he was in agony, and prayed more 
earnestly. And his sweat was like great drops of blood fall- 
ing to the ground. 45 And he arose from prayer, and came to 
his disciples, and found them asleep for sorrow. 46 And he said 
to them : Why do you sleep ? Arise and pray, lest you enter 
into temptation. 

47 And while he was yet speaking, behold a multitude; and 
he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, 
and came near to Jesus to kiss him. 48 But Jesus said to him: 
Judas, do you deliver up the Son of man with a kiss ? 49 When 
those who were about him saw what would be done, they said 
to him: Lord, shall we strike with the sword? 50 And a cer- 
tain one of them struck the servant of the chief priest, and cut 
off his right ear. 61 And Jesus answered and said: Let this 
matter proceed thus far. And he touched his ear and healed 
him. 

52 And Jesus said to the chief priests, and the captains of the 
temple, and the elders that had come against him : Have you 
come out with swords and clubs, as against a robber? 63 While 
I was daily with you in the temple, you did not lay hands on 
me. But this is your hour, and the authority of darkness. 
54 And they took him, and led him away, and brought him into 
the house of the chief priest. 

But Peter followed at a distance. 55 And when they had 
kindled a fire in the middle of the court, and had sat down 
together, Peter sat down in the midst of them. 66 And a cer- 
tain maid-servant saw him sitting by the fire; and, looking in- 
tently at him, she said : This man also was with him. 57 But he 



192 LUKE. [xxm. 

denied, saying: Woman, I know him not. 58 And after a little, 
another saw him, and said : You also are one of them. Peter 
replied: Man, I am not. 59 And about one hour after, another 
confidently affirmed, saying : Of a truth, this man also was 
with him ; for he is a Galilean. 60 But Peter said : Man, I know 
not what you say. And immediately, while he was speaking, 
the cock crew. 61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. 
And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, that he had said 
to him, Before the cock crows, you will deny me three times. 
62 And Peter went out and wept bitterly. 

63 And the men that had Jesus in custody mocked him, and 
smote him. G4 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck 
him on the face, and asked him, saying : Give an answer ; who 
is it that struck you ? 65 And many other impious things they 
said to him. 

66 And when it was day, the elders of the people, the chief 
priests also and scribes, met together, and led him up to the 
Sanhedrim, and said : 7 If you are the Christ, tell us. But he 
said to them: If I tell you, you will not believe; 68 and if I 
also ask you a question, you will not answer me, nor let me go. 
69 Henceforth the Son of man shall sit on the right hand of the 
power of God. 70 And they all said: You are, then, the Son of 
God ? He said to them : You say that I am. 71 They replied : 
What further need have we of testimony? For we ourselves 
have heard from his own mouth. 

XXIII. 1 And the whole number of them arose, and led him 
away to Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying: We 
found this man turning the people away, and forbidding to 
give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ, a king. 
3 And Pilate asked him, saying: Are you the king of the Jews? 



xxm.] LUKE. 193 

He answered and said to him : You say it. * Pilate said to 
the chief priests and to the multitudes : I find no fault in this 
man. 5 But they became the more urgent, and said : He ex- 
cites the people, teaching throughout the whole of Judea, be- 
ginning from Galilee to this place. "When Pilate heard of 
Galilee, he asked if the man was a Galilean. 

7 And when he learned that he belonged to the dominion of 
Herod, he sent him to Herod, who was at that time in Jeru- 
salem. 8 When Herod saw Jesus, he rejoiced greatly; for he 
had, for a long time, desired to see him, because he had heard 
many things of him ; and he hoped to see some sign done by 
him. 9 And he questioned him concerning many things; but 
he made him no answer. 10 And the chief priests and the 
scribes stood by, and vehemently accused him. u But Herod 
and his guards treated him with contempt; and having mocked 
him, and put on him a gaudy robe, he sent him back to Pilate. 
12 And on the same day, Pilate and Herod became friends to 
each other; for, before this, they had been at enmity the one 
toward the other. 

13 And Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers 
and the people, u and said to them : You have brought to me 
this man as one that turns the people away; and behold, I 
have examined him before you, and have found in this man no 
fault, with respect to the things of which you accuse him ; 
15 nor indeed did Herod; for I sent you to him, and behold, 
nothing worthy of death has been done by him. 16 I will, 
therefore, chastise him, and release him. 

17 For it was necessary that he should release to them one at 

the feast. 18 And the whole multitude cried out, saying : Away 

with this man, and release to us Barabbas. 19 He, for a certain 

seditious movement that had been made in the city, and for 

13 



194 LUKE. [xxm. 

murder, had been thrown into prison. 20 Therefore Pilate, de- 
siring to release Jesus, again called to them. 21 But they an- 
swered, saying : Crucify, crucify him. 22 He said to them the 
third time : "Why, what evil has he done ? I have found noth- 
ing in him worthy of death. T. will, therefore, chastise him, 
and release him. 23 But the^ were urgent with loud voices, 
demanding that he should be crucified. And their voices, and 
those of the chief priests, prevailed. ^And Pilate gave sen- 
tence that it should be as they demanded. 25 And he released 
him that for a seditious movement, and for murder, had been 
thrown into prison, whom they demanded; but Jesus, he deliv- 
ered up to their will. 

26 And as they led him away, they laid hold of Simon, a cer- 
tain Oyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him 
they laid the cross, that he might carry it after Jesus. 27 And 
there followed him a great number of the people, and of women 
that bewailed and lamented him. 28 But Jesus turned, and said 
to them, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep 
for yourselves and for your children. 29 For, behold, the days 
are coming in -which they will say, Blessed are the barren, and 
the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never gave 
suck. 30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Pall 
on us ; and to the hills, Cover us. 31 For, if they do these 
things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry ? 

32 And two others, who were evil-doers, were led out to be 
put to death with him. 33 And when they came to the place 
called Skull, they there crucified him and the evil-doers; one 
on the right, and the other on the left. 34 And Jesus said: 
Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. And 
dividing his clothing into parts, they cast lots. 35 And the 
people stood and looked on. And the rulers with them scoffed 



xxm.] LUKE. 195 

at him, saying : He saved others, let him save himself if he is 
the Christ, the chosen of God. 36 The soldiers also derided him, 
coming to him and offering him vinegar, 37 and saying : If you 
are the King of the Jews, save yourself. 38 And a superscrip- 
tion was also written over him in Greek and in Roman and in 
Hebrew letters, THIS IS THE KING- OF THE JEWS. 

39 And one of the evil-doers that were hanged reviled him, 
saying : If you are the Christ, save yourself and us. 40 But 
the other answering, rebuked him, saying : Do you not fear 
God, since you are in the same condemnation? 41 And we just- 
ly; for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this 
man has done nothing wrong. 42 And he said to Jesus: Re- 
member me, Lord, when thou comest in thy kingdom. 43 And 
Jesus said to him : Verily I say to you, to-day you shall be 
with me in paradise. 

44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness 
over the whole land till the ninth hour. 45 And the sun was 
darkened, and the vail of the temple was rent in the midst. 
46 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and said: Father, into 
thy hands I commend my spirit. And when he had said this, 
he gave up his spirit. 

47 When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, 
saying: Truly, this was a righteous man. 48 And all the mul- 
titudes that had come together to that sight, when they saw 
what was done, returned, smiting their breasts. 49 And all his 
acquaintance, and the women that had followed him from Gali- 
lee, stood at a distance looking on these things. 

50 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counselor, 
a good and a just man; 51 (he had not given his consent to their 
counsel and deed;) he was of Arimathea, a city of the Jews, 
and he himself also waited for the kingdom of God : 52 this man 



196 LUKE. [xxiv. 

came to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And lie 
took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepul- 
cher that had been hewed in rock, in which no one had yet 
been laid. 5 *And the day was the preparation, and the sabbath 
was beginning. 

55 And the women that had come with him from Galilee 
followed after and saw the sepulcher, and how his body was 
laid. 66 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointment; 
and they rested on the sabbath, according to the command- 
ment. 

XXIV. 1 And on the first day of the week, at early dawn, 
they came to the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they 
had prepared; and with them came certain others. 2 And they 
found the stone rolled away from the sepulcher; 3 and they 
entered in, but found not the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 And 
it came to pass, while they were much perplexed at this, behold, 
two men stood by them in shining raiment. 6 And while they 
feared and bowed their faces to the earth, they said to them : 
Why seek you among the dead for him that lives? 6 He is not 
here, but he has risen; remember that he spoke to you while 
he was yet in Galilee, 7 saying, The Son of man must be deliv- 
ered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the 
third day rise again. 

8 And they remembered his words, 9 and returned from the 
sepulcher, and told all these things to the eleven and to the 
rest. 10 It was Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the 
mother of James, and the others with them, that told these 
things to the apostles. "And their words seemed to them as 
idle tales, and they believed them not. 12 But Peter arose and 
ran to the sepulcher, and stooping down, he saw the linen 



xxiv.] LUKE. 197 

clothes lying by themselves; and lie departed, wondering in 
himself at that which had come to pass. 

13 And, behold, two of them were going, on the same day, to 
a village called Emmaus, distant from Jerusalem sixty furlongs. 
w And they were talking to one another about all these things 
which had taken place. 15 And it came to pass, that, while they 
conversed and reasoned together, Jesus himself drew near, and 
went on with them. 16 But their eyes were restrained, so that 
they did not recognize him. 17 Ancl he said to them: What 
matters are these which you are discussing with one another 
as you walk and are sad ? 

18 And one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answered and 
said to him : Are you only a stranger in Jerusalem, and have 
not known the things that have taken place there in these days ? 

19 And he said to them : What things ? They said to him : The 
things concerning Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet 
mighty in deed and in word before God and all the people; 

20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to 
be condemned to death, and crucified him. 21 But we trusted 
that it was he that was about to redeem Israel. And besides 
all this, to-day is the third day since these things were done. 
22 And further, certain women of our company, who were early 
at the sepulcher, astonished us : 23 for they found not his body, 
and came and told that they had seen a vision of angels, who 
said that he was alive. ^And some of those who were with 
us went to the sepulcher, and found it even as the women had 
said, but him they saw not. 

25 And he said to them: inconsiderate, and slow of heart to 
believe all things that the prophets have spoken ! 26 Ought not 
the Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his 
glory ? 27 And beginning from Moses, and all the prophets, he 



198 LUKE. [xxiv. 

explained to them, in all the Scriptures, the things concerning 
himself. 28 And they drew near the village to which they were 
going; and he made as if he would go further. 29 And they 
constrained him, saying: Remain with us, for it is near the 
evening, and the day has declined. And he went in to remain 
with them. 

30 And it came to pass, while he reclined at table with them, 
that he took bread and blessed ; and he broke, and gave it to 
them. 31 And their eyes were opened, and they recognized him, 
and he disappeared from them. 32 And they said one to an- 
other, Did not our heart burn within us while he talked with 
us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures ? 

33 And they arose the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, 
and found the eleven, and those who were with them, assem- 
bled, 34 and saying: The Lord has risen indeed, and has ap- 
peared to Simon. 35 And they told what had taken place on 
the way, and how he was made known to them in the breaking 
of bread. 

36 And while they were speaking of these things, Jesus him- 
self stood in the midst of them, and said to them : Peace be to 
you. 37 But they were terrified and frightened, and thought 
that they saw a spirit. 38 And he said to them : "Why are you 
troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts ? 39 See my 
hands and my feet, that it is I myself; handle me and see; for 
a spirit has not flesh and bones, as you see me have. 40 And 
when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 

41 And while they did not believe as yet for joy, and were as- 
tonished, he said to them: Have you any thing here to eat? 

42 And they gave him a piece of broiled fish, and of a honey- 
comb. 43 And he took it, and did eat before them. 

44 And he said to them : These are the words that I spoke to 



xxiv.] LUKE. 199 

you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled 
that are written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and 
in the psalms, concerning me. 45 Then he opened their mind, 
that they might understand the scriptures, 46 and he said to 
them : Thus it is written, and thus was it necessary that the 
Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third 
day, * T and that repentance and remission of sins should be 
preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jeru- 
salem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 And behold, 
I send the promise of my Father upon you. But do you re- 
main in the city of Jerusalem, till you be' clothed with power 
from on high. 

50 And he led them out as far as Bethany; and he lifted up 
his hands and blessed them. 51 And it came to pass, that as 
he blessed them, he was separated from them, and carried up 
into heaven. 5a And they worshiped him, and returned to Jeru- 
salem with great joy; 53 and were continually in the temple, 
praising and blessing God. 



TESTIMONY OF JOHN. 



I. l TN the beginning was the WORD, and the WORD was 
JL with God, and the WORD was God. 2 He was in the 
beginning with God. 3 A11 things were made by him, and 
without him not one thing was made that now exists. 4 Iu 
him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the 
light shines in the darkness, and the darkness comprehends it 
not. 

6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 
7 This man came as a witness, to testify of the Light, that all 
through him might believe. 8 He was not the Light ; but he 
came to testify of the Light. 

9 He was the true Light, which, coming into the world, gives 
light to every man. 10 He was in the world, and the world 
was made by him, and the world knew him not. n He came to 
his own country, and his own people received him not. 12 But 
as many as received him, to them he gave the privilege of be- 
coming the children of God, even to those who believe on his 
name; 13 who were begotten, not of blood, nor of the will of 
the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. w And the 
WORD became flesh, and tabernacled among us, (and we beheld 
his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full 
of grace and of truth. 

15 John testified of him, and cried, saying: This is he of 
whom I said: He that comes after me, is now before me, for 

(200) 



I.] JOHN. 201 

he existed before me. 16 And from his fullness have we all re- 
ceived, even grace for grace ; " for the law was given through 
Moses, but the grace and the truth came through Jesus Christ. 
18 No one has seen God at any time ; the only begotten Son, 
who is in the bosom of the Father, he has revealed him. 

19 And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent 
priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him : Who are you ? 
20 And he confessed, and did not deny; and he confessed: I am 
not the Christ. 21 And they asked him: What then? Are you 
Elijah? And he said: I am not. Are you the prophet? And 
he answered : No. 22 They then said to him : Who are you ? 
that we may give an answer to those who sent us; what say 
you of yourself ? 23 He said : I am the voice of one crying in 
the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord; as said 
the prophet Isaiah. 

24 And those who were sent were of the Pharisees; 25 and they 
asked him, and said to him: Why, then, do you immerse, if 
you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet? 26 John 
answered them, saying: I immerse in water; but there stands 
one among you whom you know not. 27 He it is, who, though 
he comes after me, is now before me ; the strap of whose sandal 
I am not worthy to loose. 28 These things were done in Beth- 
any, beyond the Jordan, where John was immersing. 

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming to him, and said: 
Behold the Lamb of God, that takes away the sin of the world. 
30 This is he of whom I said, After me comes a man who is now 
before me, for he existed before me. 31 And I knew him not; 
but that he might be made manifest to Israel, for this reason I 
have come immersing in water. 32 And John testified, saying: 
I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it 
remained on him. 33 And I knew him not; but he that sent 



202 JOHN. [i. 

me to immerse in -water, said to me, On whom you shall see 
the Spirit descending and remaining, this is he that immerses 
in the Holy Spirit. 34 And I saw, and do testify that this is 
the Son of God. 

35 Again the next day, John was standing with two of his 
disciples. 36 And looking on Jesus as he walked, he said : Be- 
hold the Lamb of G-od. 37 And the two disciples heard him 
speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 And Jesus turned, and saw 
them following, and said to them : 39 What do you seek ? They 
said to him : Eabbi, (which, when translated, is called Teacher,) 
where abidest thou? 40 He said to them : Gome and see. They 
went and saw where he abode; and they remained with him 
that day ; for it was about the tenth hour. 41 One of the two 
that heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, the 
brother of Simon Peter. 42 He first found his own brother 
Simon, and said to him : We have found the Messiah ; (which, 
when translated, is the Christ;) 43 and he brought him to 
Jesus. Jesus looking on him, said: You are Simon, the son 
of Jonah; you shall be called Cephas (which, when translated, 
is Eock). 

44 The day following, Jesus wished to go into Galilee ; and he 
found Philip, and said to him : Follow me. 45 Now, Philip was 
of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 46 Philip found 
Nathaniel, and said to him: We have found him of whom 
Moses in the law and the prophets did write, Jesus of Naza- 
reth, the son of Joseph. 47 And Nathaniel said to him: Can 
any thing good come out of Nazareth? Philip said to him: 
Come and see. 

48 Jesus saw Nathaniel coming to him, and said of him : Be- 
hold, an Israelite in truth, in whom there is no guile. 49 Na- 
thaniel said to him : How knowest thou me ? Jesus answered 



ii.] JOHN. 203 

and said to him : Before Philip called you, while you were 
under the fig-tree, I saw you. 50 Nathaniel answered and said 
to him : Kabbi, thou art the Son of God ; thou art the King of 
Israel. 51 Jesus answered and said to him : Do you believe, be- 
cause I said to you, I saw you under the fig-tree ? You shall 
see greater things than these. 52 And he said to him : Verily, 
verily I say to you, From this time you shall see heaven 
opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon 
the Son of man. 

II. *And on the third day there was a marriage in Oana of 
Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 And both Jesus 
and his disciples were invited to the marriage. 3 And the wine 
having failed, the mother of Jesus said to him : They have no 
wine. 4 Jesus said to her : Woman, what have I to do with 
you? my hour has not yet come. 5 His mother said to the 
servants : Whatever he says to you, do. 6 Now, according to 
the Jewish custom of purifying, six water-pots of stone had 
been set there, containing each two or three baths. 

7 Jesus said to them : Pill the water-pots with water. And 
they filled them to the brim. 8 And he said to them: Draw out 
now, and carry it to the governor of the feast. And they car- 
ried it. 9 When the governor of the feast had tasted the water 
that had been made wine, (and he knew not whence it was, but 
the servants that had drawn the water knew,) the 'governor of 
the feast called the bridegroom, and said to him : 10 Every man 
sets out the good wine first, and when they have drunk freely, 
then that which is inferior; but you have kept the good wine 
till now. H This beginning of signs Jesus made in Gana of 
Galilee, and manifested his glory; and his disciples believed on 
him. 



204 JOHN. [in. 

12 After this lie went down to Capernaum, he and his mother 
and his brothers and his disciples. And they continued there 
not many days. 

13 And the passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up 
to Jerusalem. 14 And he found in the temple those who were 
selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money-changers sit- 
ting. 15 And when he had made a whip of cords, he drove 
them all out of the temple, the sheep also, and the oxen, and 
he poured out the money of the money-changers, and overthrew 
their tables ; 1G and said to those who sold doves : Take these 
things hence; make not my Father's house a house of mer- 
chandise. "And his disciples remembered that it was written, 
Zeal for thy house consumes me. 

18 Then answered the Jews and said to him : "What sign do 
you show us, seeing that you do these things? 19 Jesus an- 
swered and said to them : Destroy this temple, and I will raise 
it up in three days. 20 Then the Jews said to him : Forty and 
six years was this temple in building, and will you rebuild it 
in three days? 21 But he spoke of the temple of his body. 
22 When, therefore, he was raised from the dead, his disciples 
remembered that he had said this. And they believed the 
scripture, and the word that Jesus had spoken. 

23 And while he was in Jerusalem, during the feast of pass- 
over, many believed on his name, because they saw the signs 
that he did. M But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because 
he knew all men, 25 and had no need that any one should testify 
of man, for he himself knew what was in man. 

Ill, l There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, 
a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night, and 
said to him : Rabbi, we know that thou hast come as a teacher 



in.] JOHN. 205 

from God ; for no man can do these signs which thou doest, 
unless God be with him. 

3 Jesus answered and said to him : Verily, verily I say tc 
you, unless a man be born again, he can not see the kingdom 
of God. 

4 Mcodemus said to him : How can a man be born when he 
is old? Gan he enter his mother's womb the second time, and 
be born ? 

5 Jesus answered : Verily, verily I say to you, unless a man 
be born of water and of the Spirit, he can not enter into the 
kingdom of God. 6 That which is begotten of . the flesh, is 
flesh; and that which is begotten of the Spirit, is spirit. 

7 Wonder not that I said to you, you must all be born again. 

8 The Spirit breathes where he pleases, and you hear his voice, 
but you know not whence he comes, and whither he goes ; so 
is every one that is begotten of the Spirit. 

9 Nicodemus answered and said to him : How can these 
things be? 10 Jesus answered and said to him: Are you the 
teacher of Israel, and do not understand these things? n Ver- 
ily, verily, I say to you, we speak that which we know, and 
testify to that which we have seen; and you receive not our 
testimony. 12 If I have told you of earthly things, and you 
believe not, how will you believe, if I tell you of heavenly 
things? 13 And no man has ascended into heaven, but he who 
came down from heaven, the Son of man, who is in heaven. 
14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must 
the Son of man be lifted up; 15 that whoever believes on him 
may not perish, but have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the 
world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever be- 
lieves on him should not perish, but have eternal life. "For 
God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world, but 
that the world, through him, might be saved. 



206 JOHN. [in, 

18 He that believes on him is not condemned; but he that 
believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed 
on the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19 And this is 
the condemnation, that light has come into the world, and men 
have loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds 
were evil. 20 Por every one that does evil, hates the light, and 
comes not to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. 21 But 
he that does the truth, comes to the light, that his deeds may 
be made manifest that they are done in God. 

22 After these things, Jesus and his disciples came into the 
land of Judea, and he remained there with them, and immersed. 
23 And John also was immersing in .ZEnon, near Salim, because 
there was much water there. And they came and were im- 
mersed ; 2i for John had not yet been thrown into prison. 

25 There arose, therefore, a dispute between some of John's 
disciples and a Jew, about purification. 26 And they came to 
John, and said to him : Rabbi, he who- was with you beyond 
the Jordan, to whom you bore testimony, behold, he immerses, 
and all are going to him. 

27 John answered and said : A man can receive nothing un- 
less it be given to him from heaven. 28 You yourselves will 
testify for me, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am 
sent before him. w He that has the bride, is the bridegroom ; 
but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, 
rejoices greatly on account of the voice of the bridegroom. 
This, my joy, is therefore complete. 30 He must increase, but I 
must decrease. 

31 He that comes from above, is over all. He that is from 
the earth, is from the earth, and speaks from the earth. He 
that comes from heaven, is over all; 32 and what he has seen 
and heard, this he testifies ; and no one receives his testimony. 
33 He that has received his testimony has solemnly declared 



iv.j JOHN. 207 

that God is true. 34 For lie whom God has sent, speaks the 
words of God; for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him. 
35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his 
hand. 36 He that believes on the Son has eternal life. But he 
that believes not the Son, shall not see life, but the wrath of 
God remains on him. 

IV. 1 When, therefore, the Lord knew that the Pharisees had 
heard that Jesus was making and immersing more disciples 
than John, ( 2 though not Jesus himself, but his disciples im- 
mersed,) 3 he left Judea, and went again into Galilee. *And it 
was necessary that he should go through Samaria. 5 He came, 
therefore, to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the field 
that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. ' 6 And Jacob's well was 
there. Jesus, therefore, wearied with his journey, sat thus on 
the well. It was about the sixth hour. 

7 There came a woman of Samaria to draw water. And Jesus 
said to her : Give me to drink. 8 For his disciples had gone 
into the city to buy food. 9 Then the woman of Samaria said 
to him : How is it that you, who are a Jew, ask drink of me, 
who am a woman of Samaria? (For the Jews have no social 
intercourse with the Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered and said 
to her : If you had known the gift of God, and who it is that 
said to you, Give me to drink, you would have asked of him, 
and he would have given you living water. u The woman said 
to him : Sir, you have no vessel with which you can draw, and 
the well is deep; whence have you that living water? 12 Are 
you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and 
drank from it himself, and his sons, and his cattle ? 

13 Jesus answered and said to her: Whoever drinks of this 
water, will thirst again; 14 but whoever drinks of the water 



208 JOHN. [iv. 

that I will give him, shall never thirst. But the water that I 
will give him, shall be in him a fountain of water springing up 
in order to eternal life. 

15 The woman said to him : Sir, give me this water, that I 
may not thirst, nor come hither to draw. 

16 Jesus said to her : Go, call your husband, and come hither. 

17 The woman answered and said : I have no husband. 

Jesus said to her : You have well said, I have no husband ; 

18 for you have had five husbands, and he whom you now have 
is not your husband. In this you have spoken truly. 19 The 
woman said to him: Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet. 
20 Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you Jews say 
that in Jerusalem is the place where we ought to worship. 

2t Jesus said to her: "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming, 
when neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, will you wor- 
ship the Father. 22 You worship you know not what; we 
know what we worship; for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But 
the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will 
worship the Father in spirit and in truth ; for the Father seeks 
such to worship him. M God is spirit ; and they that worship 
him, must worship him in spirit and in truth. 25 The woman 
said to him: I know that Messiah (who is called Christ) is 
coming; when he comes, he will tell us all things. 

28 Jesus said to her: I who speak to you am he. 2T And 
upon this his disciples came, and were astonished that he was 
talking with the woman. Yet no one said: What seekest 
thou? or, why talkest thou with her? 

28 Then the woman left her water-pot, and went into the city, 
and said to the men : 29 Come, see a man who has told me all 
things that I ever did. Is not this the Christ? 30 Then they 
went out of the city and came to him. 



iv.] JOHN. 209. 

31 In the mean time, the disciples besought him, saying: 
U-abbi, eat. 32 But he said to them : I have food to eat of 
which you know not. 33 Then the disciples said one to another : 
Has any one brought him food? 34 Jesus said to them: My 
food is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his 
work. 35 Do you not say, There are yet four months, and har- 
vest comes ? Behold, I say to you, Lift up your eyes, and look 
on the fields, for they are already white for the harvest. 36 And 
he that reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit for life eternal ; 
that he that sows, and he that reaps, may rejoice together. 
37 For in this is the saying true, One sows and another reaps. 
38 1 have sent you to reap that on which you bestowed no labor. 
Others have labored, and you have entered into their labors. 

39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him, 
because of the word of the woman who testified, He told me 
all things that I ever did. 40 When, therefore, the Samaritans 
came to him, they besought him to abide with them. And he 
abode there two days. 41 And many more believed because of 
his own word ; 42 and they said to the woman : We no longer 
believe because of what you said, for we ourselves have' heard, 
and we know that this is in truth the Savior of the World, the 
Christ. 

43 And after two days he departed thence, and went into Gali- 
lee; 4 *for Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor 
in his own country, 45 Therefore, when he came into Galilee, 
the Galileans received him, because they had seen all things 
that he had done in Jerusalem during the feast ; for they them- 
selves had gone to the feast. 

46 Then Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he had 
made the water wine. And there was a certain courtier, whose 
son was sick in Capernaum. 47 When he heard that Jesus had 
14 



210 JOHN. [v. 

come from Judea into Galilee, lie went to him, and besought 
Mm that he would come down, and restore his son to health, 
for he was about to die. 48 Then said Jesus to him: Unless 
you see signs and wonders, you will not believe. t9 The court- 
ier said to him: Sir, come down before my child. die. 50 Jesus 
said to him : Go, your child lives. And the man believed the 
word that Jesus spoke, and departed. 51 And as he was going 
down, his servants met him, and said: Tour son lives. 52 Then 
he inquired of them the hour in which he was restored to 
health. And they said to him : Yesterday, at the seventh 
hour, the fever left him. 53 Then his father knew that it was 
in the same hour in which Jesus said to him, Your son lives. 
And he himself, and all his house, believed. M This is the 
second sign which Jesus did, when he came out of Judea into 
Galilee. 

V. * After this was the feast of the Jews ; and Jesus went 
up to Jerusalem. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem, near the sheep- 
gate, a pool, called, in the Hebrew tongue, Bethesda, with five 
porches. 3 In these lay a great multitude of sick persons, 
blind, lame, withered, who waited for the moving of the water. 
*For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, 
and stirred the water. Then he who entered first after the 
motion of the water, was cured of whatever disease he had. 

6 And a certain man was there, who had been sick thirty- 
eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lying, and knew that he 
had been already a long time in that condition, he said to him : 
Do you wish to be restored to health? 7 The sick man an- 
swered him : Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when 
the water is stirred; but while I am coming, another goes 
down before me. 8 Jesus said to him : Arise, take up your bed 



v.] JOHN. 211 

and walk. 9 And the man was immediately restored to health.; 
and he took up his bed and walked. And that day was the 
sabbath. 

10 The Jews, therefore, said to him that was cured : It is the 
sabbath ; it is not lawful for you to carry your bed. u He an- 
swered them: He that restored me to health said to me, Take 
up your bed and walk. 12 Then they asked him : Who is he 
that said to you, Take up your bed and walk ? 13 But he that 
had been restored to health knew not who he was; for Jesus 
had withdrawn himself, because a multitude was in the place. 
14 After this Jesus found him in the temple, and said to him : 
Behold, you have been restored to health; sin no more, lest 
some worse thing befall you. 15 The man departed, and told the 
Jews that it was Jesus that had restored him to health. 16 And 
for this reason did the Jews persecute Jesus, and seek to kill 
him, because he had done these things on the sabbath. 

17 But Jesus answered them : My Father works till now, and 
I also work. 18 For this reason, therefore, the Jews sought the 
more to kill him, because he had not only broken the sabbath, 
but also said that God was his own father, making himself 
equal with Grod. 

19 Then Jesus answered and said to them : Verily, verily I 
say to you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he 
sees the Father do; for whatever things he does, these also 
the Son does in like manner. 20 For the Father loves the Son, 
and shows him all things that he himself does; and he will 
show him greater, works than these, that you may be astonished. 
21 For as the Father raises the dead, and makes them alive, so 
also the Son makes alive whom he will. 22 For the Father 
judges no one, but has given all judicial authority to the Son ; 
23 that all may honor the Son, as they honor the Father. He 



212 JOHN. [v. 

that honors not the Son, honors not the Father who sent 
him. 

24 Verily, verily I say to you, He that hears my word, and 
believes on him that sent me, has eternal life, and comes not 
into condemnation, but has passed from death into life. 25 Veri- 
ly, verily I say to you, The hour is coming, and now is, when 
the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who 
hear, shall live. 28 For as the Father has life in himself, so has 
he given to the Son also to have life in himself; 27 and he has 
given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the 
Son of man. 28 Be not astonished at this ; for the hour is com- 
ing in which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 
29 and shall come forth; those who have done good, to the re- 
surrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resur- 
rection of condemnation. 80 I can of myself do nothing. As I 
hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek not my 
own will, but the will of him that sent me. 
' 31 If I testify concerning myself, my testimony is not worthy 
of credit. 32 There is another that testifies concerning me, and 
I know that the testimony which he testifies concerning me is 
worthy of credit. 33 You sent to John, and he bore testimony 
to the truth. 3 *But I receive not testimony from man; yet I 
say these things that you may be saved. 35 He was the burning 
and shining lamp; and you were willing, for a time, to rejoice in 
his light. 36 But I have testimony greater than that of John; 
for the works which the Father has given me to finish, these 
very works which I do, testify concerning me, that the Father 
has. sent me. 3T And the Father, who sent me, has testified 
concerning me. You have neither heard his voice at any time, 
nor seen his shape. 38 And his word you have not remaining 
in you; for whom he has sent, him you believe not. 



YJ.J JOHN. 213 

39 You search the scriptures, because in them you think you 
have eternal life; and these are they which testify concerning 
me : * and yet you refuse to come to me, that you may have 
life. 41 1 receive not honor from men. 42 But I know you, that 
you have not the love of God in you. 43 I have come in my 
Father's name, and you receive me not; if another should come 
in his own name, him you would receive. ^How can you 
believe who receive honor one from another, and seek not the 
honor that comes from God alone? 4 - 5 Think not that I will 
accuse you to the Father : there is one that accuses you, .Mo- 
ses, in whom you trust. 46 For if you had believed Moses, you 
would have believed me; for he wrote of me. 47 But if you 
believe not his writings, how shall you believe my words? 

VI. 1 After these things Jesus went away to the other side 
of the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. 2 And a 
great multitude followed him, because they had seen the signs 
which he did in the case of the sick. 3 And Jesus went up 
into the mountain, and sat there with his disciples. 4 And the 
passover, the feast of the Jews, was near. 5 Then Jesus, lifting 
up his eyes, and seeing that a great multitude was coming to 
him, said to Philip : Whence shall we buy bread that these 
may eat ? 6 But this he said to try him ; for he himself knew 
what he was about to do. 

7 Philip answered him : Two hundred denarii worth of bread 
is not enough for them, that each may take a little. 8 0ne of 
his disciples, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, said to him : 
9 There is a lad here that has five barley loaves, and two little 
fishes; but what are these among so many? 10 But Jesus said: 
Make che men recline. Now, there was much grass in the 
place. So the men reclined, in number about five thousand. 
11 And Jesus took the loaves, and after giving thanks, dis- 



214 JOHN. [vi. 

tributed them to the disciples, and the disciples to those who 
had reclined; and in like manner of the fishes, as much as they 
wished. 12 And when they were satisfied, he said to his disci- 
ples : Gather up the broken pieces which remain, that nothing 
be lost. 13 Then they gathered them up, and filled twelve bas- 
kets with the broken pieces of the five barley loaves, which re- 
mained after they had eaten. 

14 Then the men, after having seen the sign which Jesus did, 
said : This is, in truth, the prophet that was to come into the 
world. 15 Therefore, Jesus perceiving that they were about to 
come and take him by force, to make him king, withdrew 
into the mountain himself alone. 

16 And when evening had come, his disciples went down to 
the sea, 17 and, having entered the ship, went across the sea 
toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus had not 
come to them. 18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind 
that was blowing. 19 Then, having rowed about twenty-five or 
thirty furlongs, they saw Jesus walking on the sea, and coming 
near the ship ; and they were afraid. 20 But he said to them : 
It is I; be not afraid. 21 Then they willingly received him into 
the ship; and immediately the ship was at the land to which 
they were going. 

22 The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side 
of the sea, seeing that no other boat had been there but the 
one which his disciples had entered, and that Jesus had not 
entered the boat with his disciples, but that his disciples had 
gone away alone ; ( 23 but there came other boats from Tiberias 
near the place where they had eaten bread, after the Lord had 
given thanks;) 24 when, therefore, the multitude saw that nei- 
ther Jesus nor his disciples were there, they also entered the 
ships, and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus. 

25 And finding him on the opposite side of the sea, they said 



vi.] JOHN. 215 

to him: Eabbi, when didst thou come hither? 26 Jesus an- 
swered them, and said : Verily, verily I say to you, You seek 
me, not because you saw the signs, but because you ate of the 
loaves, and were satisfied. 2T Labor not for the food that per- 
ishes, but for the food that endures to life eternal, which the 
Son of man will give you ; for him has God the Father at- 
tested. 28 Then they said to him : What shall we do, that we 
may work the works of God ? 29 Jesus answered and said to 
them : This is the work of God, that you believe on him whom 
he has sent. 30 Therefore, they said to him : What sign do you 
show, then, that we may see, and believe you ? What work do 
you perform ? 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness ; 
as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat. 

32 Then Jesus said to them : Verily, verily I say to you, 
Moses did not give you the bread from heaven; but my Fa- 
ther gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread 
of God is he who comes down from heaven, and gives life 
to the world. 34 Then they said to him : Lord, evermore give 
us this bread. 35 Jesus said to them : I am the bread of life ; 
he that comes to me shall never hunger; he that believes on 
me shall never thirst. 36 But I said to you, that you have seen 
me, and yet you do not believe. 87 A11 that the Father gives 
me, will come to me ; and him that comes to me, I will by no 
means cast out. 38 For I came down from heaven, not to do 
my own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39 And this is 
the will of him who sent me, that of all that he gives me, I 
shall lose nothing, but shall raise it up at the last day. 40 For 
this is the will of him that sent me, that every one who sees 
the Son, and believes on him, may have eternal life; and I 
will raise him up at the last day. 

41 Then the Jews murmured at him, because he said, I am 



216 JOHN. [vi. 

the bread that came down from heaven. 42 And they said: Is 
not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we 
know ? How, then, does he say, I came down from heaven ? 
43 Jesus answered and said to them : Murmur not among your- 
selves; ^no man can come to me, unless the Father, who sent 
me, draw him ; and I will raise him up at the last day. i5 It 
is written in the prophets, And they shall all be taught of God. 
Every one that hears from the Father, and learns, comes to 
me. 40 Not that any one has seen the Father, but he who is 
from God ; he has seen the Father. 

47 Verily, verily I' say to you, He that believes on me has 
eternal life. * 8 1 am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the 
manna in the wilderness, and died. 50 This is the bread which 
comes clown from heaven, that any one may eat of it, and not 
die. 51 I am the bread that lives, which came down from 
heaven. If any one eat of this bread, he shall live forever. 
And the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give 
for the life of the world. 

52 The Jews, therefore, contended among themselves, saying : 
How can this man give us his flesh to eat ? 53 Then Jesus said 
to them: Verily, verily I say to you, Unless you eat the flesh 
of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in 
you. 54 He that eats my flesh and drinks my blood, has eternal 
life, and I will raise him up at the last day ; 65 for my flesh is 
food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 50 He that eats my 
flesh and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him. 57 As 
the living Father has sent me, and I live by the Father, so he 
that eats me, even he shall live by me. 58 This is the bread 
that came down from heaven; not as your fathers ate the 
manna, and died; he that eats this bread shall live forever.. 

59 These things he spoke in the synagogue, as he taught in 



VIL] JOHN. 217 

Capernaum. 60 Therefore, many of his disciples, when they 
heard him, said: This is a hard saying; who can hear.it? 
61 But Jesus, knowing in himself that his disciples murmured 
at it, said to them: Does this offend you? 62 Then ; what if 
you should see the Son of man go up where he was before? 
63 It is the spirit that makes alive; the flesh profits nothing; 
the words that I speak to you are spirit and life. *But there 
are some among you who believe not. For Jesus knew from 
the beginning who they were that believed not, and who he 
was that would betray him. 5 And he said : For this reason I 
said to you: No one can come to me unless it be given him 
from my Father. 

60 After this, many of his disciples went back, and walked 
with him no more. 67 Then Jesus said to the twelve : Will you 
also go away ? 68 Simon Peter answered him : Lord, to whom 
shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life; 69 and we 
believe, and know that thou art the Christ, the Son of God. 
70 Jesus answered them: Have I not chosen you twelve, and 
one of you is a devil ? 71 He spoke of Judas Iscariot, the son 
of Simon; for he was about to deliver him up, being one of 
the twelve. 

VII. T And after this Jesus walked in Galilee : for he would 
not walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him. 

2 Now the feast of tabernacles, a feast of the Jews, was near. 

3 Then his brothers said to him : Depart hence, and go into 
Judea, that your disciples may see your works which you do; 

4 for no one does any thing in secret, while he himself seeks to 
be before the public. If you do these things, show yourself 
to the world. 5 For neither did his brothers believe on him. 
"Then Jesus said to them: My time has not yet come; but 



218 JOHN. [vn. 

your time is always ready. 7 The world can not hate you ; but 
me it hates, because I testify of it, that its works are evil. 
8 Do you go up to this feast. I go not up now to this feast, 
because my time has not yet fully come. 9 These things said 
he to them, and remained in Galilee. 10 But when his brothers 
had gone up, then he also went up to the feast, not openly, 
but, as it were, in secret. 

11 Then the Jews sought for him at the feast, and said: 
Where is he? 12 And there was much murmuring among the 
multitudes concerning him. Some said: He is a good man. 
Others said : No ; but he deceives the multitude. 13 However, 
no one spoke openly of him, for fear of the Jews. 

14 Now in the middle of the feast, Jesus went up into the 
temple, and taught. 15 And the Jews were astonished, and 
said : How has this man a knowledge of letters, having never 
been taught ? 16 Then Jesus answered and said : My teaching 
is not mine, but his who sent me. 17 If any one will do his 
will, he shall know with respect to the teaching, whether it is 
of God, or I speak of myself. 18 He who speaks of himself, 
seeks his own glory; he who seeks the glory of him that sent 
him, he is true, and there is no unrighteousness in him. 19 Did 
not Moses give you the law ? and not one of you keeps the 
law. Why do you seek to kill me ? 20 The multitude answered 
and said : You have a demon : who seeks to kill you ? 

21 Jesus answered and said to them : I have done one work, 
and you are all astonished on account of this. 22 Moses gave 
you circumcision, (not that it is of Moses, but of the fathers,) 
and you circumcise a man on the sabbath-day. 23 If a man 
receives circumcision on the sabbath-day, that the law of 
Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I 
have restored the entire man to health on the sabbath-clay? 



vn.J JOHN. 219 

24 Judge not according to appearance, but judge righteous judg- 
ment. 

25 Then said some of the men of Jerusalem : Is not this he 
whom they seek to kill? 26 and, lo, he is speaking boldly, and 
they say nothing to him. Have the rulers really learned that 
this is the Christ? 27 But we know this man, whence he is. 
But when the Christ comes, no one knows whence he is. 

28 Then Jesus cried out in the temple, as he was teaching, 
and said : You both know me, and you know whence I am ; 
and I have not come of myself, but he who sent me is true, 
whom you know not. 29 But I know him, because I am from 
him, and he has sent me. 30 Then they sought to take him; 
yet no one laid his hand on him, because his hour had not yet 
come. 31 And many of the multitude believed on him, and said: 
When the Christ comes, will he do more signs than these 
which this man has done? 

32 The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring such things 
concerning him; and the Pharisees and chief priests sent at- 
tendants to take him. 33 Then Jesus said to them : Yet a little 
while I am with you, and I go away to him that sent me. 
8i You will seek me, and shall not find me ; and where I am, 
you can not come. 35 Then the Jews said among themselves : 
Whither is this man about to go, that we shall not find him ? 
Is he about to go to those who are dispersed among the Greeks, 
and to teach the Greeks? 3G What means this saying which 
he uttered, You will seek me, and will not find me; and, 
Where I am you can not come? 

37 On the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood 
and cried, saying : If any one thirst, let him come to me and 
drink. 38 He that believes on me, as the scripture has said, 
from his inner self shall flow rivers of living water. 39 But 



220 JOHN. |vm. 

this he spoke of the Spirit, which those who believe on him 
were about to receive; for the Holy Spirit had not yet been 
given, because Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40 Therefore, 
many of the multitude, when they had heard this word, said : 
This is, in truth, the prophet. 41 Others said : This is the 
Christ. But others said: Does the Christ come out of Galilee? 
12 Has not the scripture said that the Christ comes from the 
posterity of David, and from Bethlehem, the town where David 
was ? * 3 So there was a division among the multitude because 
of him. ^And some of them desired to take him; but no one 
laid hands on him. 

45 Then came the attendants to the chief priests and the 
Pharisees ; and they said to them : Why have you not brought 
him? 1G The attendants answered: Never did man speak like 
this man. 47 Then the Pharisees answered them : Are you also 
deceived ? 48 Has any one of the rulers, or of the Pharisees 
believed on him ? 49 But this multitude that know not the law 
are cursed. 50 Nicodemus said to them (he that came to Jesus 
by night, being one of them) : 61 Does our law condemn a man 
unless it first hear from him, and know what he does ? 52 They 
answered and said to him : Are you also from Galilee ? Search, 
and see that out of Galilee arises no prophet. 

53 And every one departed to his own house. 

VIII. l But Jesus went to the mount of Olives. 2 And in the 
morning he again entered the temple, and all the people came 
to him, and he sat down and taught them. 3 And the scribes 
and Pharisees brought to him a woman who had been detected 
in adultery; and they made her stand in the midst, *and said 
to him : Teacher, this woman was detected in adultery ; in the 
very act. 5 Now Moses, in his law, commanded us, that such 



vm.] JOHN. 221 

should be stoned; but what say you? 6 This they said to 
tempt him, that they might bring an accusation against him. 
But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the 
ground. 7 But as they continued to ask him, he stood up, and 
said to them ; Let him among you who is without sin, first 
throw a stone at her. 8 And again he stooped down and wrote 
on the ground. 9 But having heard him, and being convicted 
by their conscience, they went out, one by one, beginning from 
the oldest, even to the last. And Jesus was left alone, and the 
woman standing in the midst. 10 And when Jesus stood up, 
and saw no one but the woman, he said to her: Woman, where 
are those who accused you? Has no one condemned you? 
11 She said : No one, sir. Jesus said to her : Neither do I con- 
demn you ; go, and sin no more. 

12 Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying : I am the light of 
the world ; he that follows me shall not walk in darkness, but 
shall have the light of life. 13 Then the Pharisees said to him : 
You testify concerning yourself; your testimony is not worthy 
of credit. w Jesus answered and said to them: Though I tes- 
tify concerning myself, my testimony is worthy of credit ; for I 
know whence I came, and whither I go. But you know not 
whence I came, and whither I go. 15 You judge according to 
the flesh; I judge no man. 16 And yet if I judge, my judg- 
ment is true, because I am not alone, but I and the Father 
who sent me. 17 It is also written in your law, The testimony 
of two is worthy of credit. 18 I am one that testify concerning 
myself, and the Father who sent me, testifies of me. 

19 Then they said to him : "Where is your Father ? Jesus an- 
swered: You know neither me, nor my Father. If you had 
known me, you would have known my Father also. 20 These 
words Jesus spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the tern- 



222 JOHN. [vm. 

pie; and no one laid hands on him, because his hour had not 
yet come. 

21 Then spoke Jesus to them again; I go away, and you will 
seek me, and in your sin you shall die; whither I go, you can 
not come. 22 Then said the Jews : Will he kill himself, because 
he says, Whither I go, you can not come ? 23 And he said to 
them : You are from beneath, I am from above ; you are of this 
world, I am not of this world. ^ Therefore said I to you, that 
you shall die in your sins. For if you believe not that I am 
He, you shall die in your sins. 25 Then they said to him: Who 
are you? And Jesus said to them: The same that I said to 
you at the beginning. 2G I have many things to say, and to 
judge with respect to you; but he that sent me is true; and 
what things I have heard from him, these I speak to the 
world. 27 They knew not that he was speaking to them of the 
Father. 

28 Then said Jesus to them : When you have lifted up the Son 
of man, then you will know that I am He, and that I do noth- 
ing of myself, but as the Father has taught me I speak these 
things. 29 And he that sent me is with me. The Father has 
not left me alone, because I always do what is pleasing to him. 

30 While he was speaking these words, many believed on him. 
31 Then said Jesus to those Jews that believed on him : If you 
continue in my word, you are my disciples indeed, 32 and you 
shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. 
33 They answered him : We are the posterity of Abraham, and 
have never been in bondage to any one. How say you, You 
shall be made free? 

34 Jesus answered them : Verily, verily I say to you, whoever 
works sin is the servant of sin. 35 The servant continues not 
in the house forever ; but the Son continues forever. 36 There- 



VIIL] JOHN. 223 

fore, if the Son make you free, you shall be free indeed. 3T I 
know that you are the posterity of Abraham; yet you seek to 
kill me, because my word has no place in you. 38 1 speak what 
I have seen with my Father, and you do what you have seen 
with your father. 39 They answered and said to him: Abra- 
ham is our father. 

Jesus said to them : If you were the children of Abraham, 
you would do the works of Abraham. 40 But now you seek to 
kill me, a man that has spoken to you the truth, which I have 
heard from God; this Abraham did not. 41 You do the works 
of your father. They said to him : We were not born of lewd- 
ness; we have one father, God. 

42 Jesus said to them: If God were your father, you would 
love me; for I came forth from God and have come hither; nor, 
indeed, did I come of myself, but he sent me. 43 Why do you 
not know what I say ? Because you can not understand my 
words. ^You are of your father, the devil; and the desires 
of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the be- 
ginning, and stood not in the truth, because there is no truth 
in him. When he speaks that which is false, he speaks from 
what is his own ; for he is a liar, and the father of it. 45 But 
because I speak the truth, you believe me not. 46 Which of 
you convicts me of sin ? If I speak the truth, why do you not 
believe me ? 47 He that is of God, hears God's words. For 
this reason you do not hear them, because you are not of God. 

48 The Jews answered, and said to him : Do we not well say 
that you are a Samaritan, and have a demon? 49 Jesus an- 
swered : I have not a demon ; but I honor my Father, and you 
dishonor me. 60 I seek not my own glory; there is one that 
seeks and judges. 51 Verily, verily I say to you, if any one 
will keep my word, he shall never see death. 



224 JOHN. [ix. 

52 Then said the Jews to him: Now we know that you have 
a demon. Abraham is dead, and the prophets ; and you say, 
If a man keep my word, he shall never taste of death. 5S Are 
you greater than our father Abraham, who is dead ? And the 
prophets are dead; whom do you make yourself? 

54 Jesus answered : If I honor myself, my honor is nothing ; 
it is my Father that honors, me, of whom you say, that he is 
your God. 55 And yet you have not known him. Biit I know 
him; and if I should say that I do not know him, I should be 
like yourselves, a liar. But I know him, and I keep his word. 
56 Abraham, your father, rejoiced that he could see my day; 
and he saw it, and was glad. 57 Then the Jews said to him : 
You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham? 

58 Jesus said to them: Verily, verily I say to you, before 
Abraham came into being, I was. 59 Then they took up stones 
to throw at him. But Jesus concealed himself, and went out 
of the temple, going through the midst of them; and so 
passed by. 

IX. T And as he passed by, he saw a man that had been 
blind from his birth. 2 And his disciples asked him, saying: 
Rabbi, who sinned, this man, or his parents, that he was born 
blind? 3 Jesus answered: Neither this man sinned, nor his 
parents; but that the works of God might be made manifest 
in him. 4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while 
it is day; the night comes, when no man can work. 5 While I 
am in the world, I am the light of the world. 6 Having said 
this, he spit on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and 
spread the clay on the eyes of the blind man, 7 and said to 
him : Go, wash in the pool of Siloam; which, translated, means 
Sent. He went, therefore, and washed and came seeing. 



ix.] JOHN. 225 

8 Then his neighbors, and those who had before seen him, 
that he was blind, said : Is not this he that sat and begged ? 
9 Some said : It is he. Others : He is like him. But he said : 
I am he. 10 Then they said to him : How were your eyes 
opened ? n He answered and said : A man called Jesus made 
clay and spread it on my eyes, and said to me : Go to the pool 
of Siloam and wash. After I had gone and washed, I received 
my sight. 12 Then they said to him : Where is he ? He said : 
I know not. 

13 They brought to the Pharisees him that had formerly been 
blind. 14 And it was the sabbath when Jesus made the clay 
and opened his eyes. 15 Then again the Pharisees also inquired 
of him how he had received his sight. He said to them : He 
put clay on my eyes, and I washed, and I see. 16 Then some 
of the Pharisees said : This man is not from Grod, for he keeps 
not the sabbath. Others said: How can a man that is a 
sinner do such signs? And there was a division among 
them? 

"Again they said to the blind man: What say you of him, 
seeing that he opened your eyes ? He said : He is a prophet. 
18 The Jews did not, therefore, believe concerning him, that he 
had been blind, and had received his sight, till they called the 
parents of him that had received his sight, 19 and asked them, 
saying: Is this your son, who, you say, was born blind? How, 
then, does he now see? 20 His parents answered them, and 
said: We know that this is our son, and that he was born 
blind ; 21 but how he now sees we know not ; or who opened his 
eyes we know not. He is of age ; ask him ; he will speak for 
himself. 

22 His parents said this, because they feared the Jews. For 

the Jews had already agreed, that if any one should confess 
15 



226 JOHN. [ix. 

Mm to be the Christ, lie should be put out of the synagogue. 
23 For this reason his parents said : He is of age ; ask him. 

24 Then, the second time, they called the man who had been 
blind, and said to him : Give glory to God ; we know that this 
man is a sinner. ^He answered and said: If he is a sinner, I 
know it not. One thing I do know, that having been blind, I 
now see. 26 They said to him again : What did he for you ? 
How did he open your eyes ? 27 He answered them : I have 
already told you, and you did not understand; why would you 
hear it again? Do you also wish to become his disciples? 
28 They reviled him, and said: You are the disciple of that 
man; but we are the disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God 
spoke to Moses; but as for this man, we know not whence 
he is. 

30 The man answered and said to them : Why, there is some- 
thing wonderful in this, that you know not whence he is, and 
yet he has opened my eyes. 31 We know that God hears not 
sinners ; but if any one be a worshiper of God, and do his will, 
him he hears. 32 Since the beginning it has not been heard that 
any one opened the eyes of one who had been born blind. 33 If 
this man were not of God, he could do nothing. 34 They an- 
swered and said to him: You were wholly born in sins, and 
do you teach us ? And they cast him out. 

35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out. And having 
found him, he said to him : Do you believe on the Son of God ? 
36 He answered and said: Who is he, sir, that I may believe 
on him ? 37 Jesus said to him : You have seen him ; and it is 
he that talks with you. 38 He said : Lord, I believe ; and he 
worshiped him. 39 And Jesus said : For judgment have I come 
into this world, that those who see not, may see ; and that those 
who see, may become blind. 



x.] JOHN. 227 

40 And some of the Pharisees who were with him, heard these 
things, and said to him: Are we also blind? 41 Jesus said to 
them : If you were blind, you would not have sin ; but now 
you say, We see; therefore your sin remains. 

X. T Verily, verily I say to you, he that goes not through 
the door into the sheepfold, but climbs up some other way, he 
is a thief, and a robber. 2 But he that enters through the door, 
is the shepherd of 'the sheep. 3 To him the door-keeper opens; 
and the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by 
name, and leads them out. *And when he puts his own sheep 
out, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him; for they 
know his voice. 5 And a stranger they will not follow, but will 
flee from him; for they know not the voice of strangers. 

"This parable spoke Jesus to them; but they knew not the 
meaning of the things which he spoke to them. 7 Therefore 
Jesus spoke again to them : Verily, verily I say to you, I am 
the door of the sheep. 8 A11 that came before me were thieves 
and robbers ; but the sheep did not hear them. 9 1 am the 
door : if any one enters through me, he shall be saved ; and 
he shall go in and out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes 
only to steal and kill and destroy. I have come that they 
may have life, and have it in abundance. n I am the good 
shepherd : the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 
12 But he that is a hireling, and not the shepherd, to whom 
the sheep do not belong, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the 
sheep, and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep, and scatters 
them. 13 The hireling flees because he is a hireling, and cares 
not for the sheep. 

14 1 am the good shepherd, and I know my sheep, and am 
known by mine. 15 As the Father knows me, I also know the 



228 JOHN. [x, 

Father, and. I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 And other 
sheep I have, which are not of this fold; those, also, must I 
bring, and they will hear my voice : and there shall be one 
flock, one shepherd. 17 For this reason, my Father loves me, 
because I lay down my life that I may take it again. 1S No 
one takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have au- 
thority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it again. 
This commandment I have received from my Father. 

19 Again, therefore, there was a division among the Jews, on 
account of these words. 20 And many of them said : He has a 
demon, and is mad ; why do you hear him ? 21 Others said : 
These are not the words of one that has a demon. Can a 
demon open the eyes of the blind? 

22 And the feast of the dedication was celebrated in Jerusa- 
lem, and it was winter : 23 and Jesus was walking in the tem- 
ple, in Solomon's porch. 

24 Then the Jews came round him, and said to him: How 
long do you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell 
us plainly. 25 Jesus answered them : I have told you, and you 
do not believe. The works which I do in my Father's name, 
these testify of me. 2G But you believe not, because yon are 
not of my sheep. As I said to you, 2T my sheep hear my voice, 
and I know them, and they follow me : 28 and I give them eter- 
' nal life ; and they shall never perish, and no one shall take 
them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who gave them to- me, is 
greater than all; and no one is able to take them out of my 
Father's hand. 30 I and my Father are one. 

31 Then the Jews took up stones again, to stone him. 32 Jesus 
answered them : Many good works have I showed you from 
my Father : for which of these works do you stone me ? 
33 The Jews answered and said to him: We do not stone you 



XL] JOHN. 229 

for a good work, but for your impious words ; and because you, 
being man, make yourself God. 3 * Jesus answered them : Is it 
not written in your law, I said, you are gods ? 35 If he called 
them gods, to whom the word of God was committed, (and the 
scripture can not be made void,) 3G do you say of him, whom 
the Father has sanctified, and sent into the world, You speak 
impiously, because I said, I am the Son of God ? 37 If I do not 
the works of my Father, believe me not; 38 but if I do, though 
you believe not me, believe the works, that you may know and 
believe that the Father is in me, and I in him. 

39 Then they sought again to take him, but he escaped from 
their hands. 40 And he went away again beyond the Jordan, 
to the place where John first immersed, and there he abode. 
41 And many came to him, and said : John did no sign ; but all 
things that John said of this man were true. * 2 And many who 
were there believed on him. 

XI. * Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus, of Bethany, the 
village of Mary and Martha her sister. 2 It was the Mary that 
anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her 
hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. 3 Therefore his sisters 
sent to him, saying : Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. 
* But when Jesus heard it, he said : This sickness is not to 
death, but for the glory of God, that by it the Son of God may 
be glorified. 5 Now, Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and 
Lazarus. 6 When, therefore, he heard that he was sick, he still 
remained two days in the place where he was. 7 Then after 
this, he said to his disciples : Let us go into Judea again. 
8 His disciples said to him : Eabbi, the Jews just now sought to 
stone thee, and art thou going thither again ? 9 Jesus answered : 
Are there not twelve hours in the day ? If any one walks dur- 



230 JOHN. [xi. 

ing the day, he does not stumble, for he sees the light of this 
world. 10 But if any one walks in the night, he stumbles, be- 
cause ther"e is no light in him. 

11 Thus spoke he ; and after this he said to them : Our friend 
Lazarus sleeps; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep. 
12 Then his disciples said : Lord, if he sleeps, he will be saved. 
13 Jesus spoke of his death; but they thought that he spoke 
of taking rest in sleep. 14 Therefore, Jesus then said to them 
plainly: Lazarus is dead. 15 And I rejoice, on your account, 
that I was not there, in order that you may believe. But let 
us go to him. 16 Then Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to 
his fellow-disciples : Let us also go, that we may die with him. 

17 Then when Jesus came, lie found that he had already been 
four days in the tomb. 18 lsrow Bethany was near Jerusalem, 
about fifteen furlongs off. 19 And many of the Jews had come 
to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother. 
20 Then Martha, when she heard that Jesus was coming, went 
out to meet him; but Mary sat still in the house. 21 Then 
Martha said to Jesus : Lord, if thou hadst been here my brother 
would not have died. 22 But even now, I know that whatever 
thou wilt ask of God, God will give thee. 

23 Jesus said to her : Your brother shall rise again. M Mar- 
tha said to him: I know that he will rise, in the resurrection 
at the last day. 25 Jesus said to her: I am the resurrection, 
and the life ; he that believes on me, though he were dead, yet 
shall he live; 26 and he that lives and believes on me, shall 
never die. Do you believe this? 27 She said to him: Yes, 
Lord; I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, who 
was to come into the world. 

28 And when she had said this, she went away, and called 
Mary, her sister, secretly, saying : The Teacher has come, and 



XL] JOHN. 231 

calls for you. 29 When she heard it, she rose quickly and came 
to him. 30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but 
was in the place where Martha met him. 31 Then the 1 Jews that 
were with her in the house, and were comforting her, seeing Mary 
vise and go out quickly, followed her, saying : She is going to 
the tomb to weep there. 32 Then ; when Mary came where Jesus 
was, and saw him, she fell at his feet, saying to him : Lord, if 
thou hadst been here, my brother would not have died. 

33 Then, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews that came 
with her weeping also, he was greatly moved in spirit, and 
troubled; 34 and he said: Where have you laid him? They 
said to him : Lord, come and see. 35 Jesus wept. 36 Then said 
the Jews ; See how he loved him ! 37 And some of them said : 
Gould not he, who opened the eyes of the blind man, have 
caused that even this man should not have died? 38 Then 
Jesus, again greatly moved within himself, came to the tomb. 
It was a cave, and a stone was laid against it. 39 Jesus said : 
Take away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was 
dead, said to him: Lord, the body is offensive; for he has been 
dead four days. 

40 Jesus said to her : Did I not tell you, that, if you would 
believe, you should see the glory of God? "Then they took 
away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said: Fa- 
ther, I thank thee, that thou hast heard me. 42 I know, in- 
deed, that thou dost always hear me. But for the sake of the 
multitude who stand around me, I have said it, that they may 
believe that thou hast sent me. 43 And when he had said these 
things, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. 44 And 
he that had been dead came forth, bound hand and foot with 
grave-clothes; and his face was bound around with a handker- 
chief. Jesus said to them: Loose him/ and let him go. 



232 JOHN. [XL 

45 Then many of the Jews that had come to Mary, and who 
saw what he had done, believed on him. 46 But some of them 
went away to the Pharisees, and told them what Jesus had done. 

47 Then the chief priests and the Pharisees called together 
the Sanhedrim, and said : What are we doing ? For this man 
does many signs. 48 If we thus let him alone, all will believe 
on him, and the Romans will come and take away our place 
and our nation. * 9 But one of them, Caiaphas, who was chief 
priest that year, said to them: You know nothing, 50 nor do 
you consider that it is profitable for us, that one man should 
die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish. 
51 But this he did not speak of himself; but being chief priest 
that year, he prophesied that Jesus was about to die for the 
nation ; 52 and not for the nation only, but that he should 
gather into one the children of God that were scattered abroad. 
53 From that day, therefore, they consulted together to put him 
to death. 

54 Therefore, Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, 
but withdrew thence to the region near the wilderness, to a 
city called Ephraim, and there he remained with his disciples. 
55 And the passover of the Jews was near; and many went up 
from the country to Jerusalem, before the passover, to purify 
themselves. 56 Then they sought for Jesus, and said one to 
another, as they stood in the temple : What think you, that 
he will not come to the feast? "Now the chief priests and 
the Pharisees had given orders, that, if any one knew where 
he was, he should inform them, that they might take him. 

XII. l Then, six days before the passover, Jesus came to 
Bethany, where Lazarus was, who had been dead, whom he had 
raised from the dead. 2 There they made him a supper, and 



xii.] JOHN. 233 

Martha served; but Lazarus was one of those who reclined at 
table with him. 

3 Then Mary took a pound of ointment of pure nard, very 
costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with 
her hair. And the house was filled with the perfume of the 
ointment. 4 Then said one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, the 
son of Simon, who was about to deliver him up : 5 Why was not 
this ointment sold for three hundred denarii, and given to the 
poor? 6 But he said this, not because he cared for the poor, 
but because he was a thief, and had the purse, and took what 
was put in it. 7 Then Jesus said : Let her alone ; she has kept 
this for the day of my burial. 8 For the poor you have always 
with you; but me you have not always. 

9 Therefore, a great multitude of the Jews learned that he 
was there ; and they came, not on account of Jesus only, but 
that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the 
dead. 10 But the chief priests consulted that they might kill 
Lazarus also, "because on account of him many of the Jews 
went away, and believed on Jesus. 

12 On the next day, a great multitude that had come to the 
feast, having heard that Jesus was coming into Jerusalem, 
13 took branches of palm-trees, and went out to meet him, and 
cried : Hosanna, blessed is the king of Israel that comes in 
the name of the Lord. 14 And Jesus, having found a young 
ass, sat upon him, as it is written: 15 Fear not, daughter of 
Zion; behold, your king comes, sitting on the colt of an ass. 
16 His disciples did not understand these things at first; but 
when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these 
things were written of him, and that they had done these 
things to him. 

17 The multitude therefore that was with him, testified that 



234 JOHN. [xii. 

he had called Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from 
the dead. 18 For this reason, also, the multitude met him, be- 
cause they had heard that he had done this sign. 19 Then the 
Pharisees said among themselves : You see that you gain noth- 
ing. Behold, the world has gone after him. 

20 Among those who came to worship at the feast were certain 
Greeks. 21 These then came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida 
of Galilee, and asked him, saying : Sir, we wish to see Jesus. 
22 Philip came and told Andrew; and then Andrew and Philip 
told Jesus. 23 But Jesus answered them, saying : The hour has 
come that the Son of man must be glorified. M Verily, verily 
I say to you, unless a grain of wheat fall into the ground and 
die, it remains alone ; but if it die, it produces much fruit. 
85 He that loves his life shall lose it ; and he that hates his life 
in this world shall keep it to eternal life. 2(i If any one serve 
me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall my serv- 
ant also be. If any one serve me, him will my Father honor. 

27 Now is my soul troubled ; and what shall I say ? Father, 
save me from this hour? But for this purpose came I to this 
hour. 28 Father, glorify thy name. Then there came a voice 
from heaven : I have glorified it, and will glorify it again. 
29 Then the multitude that stood by and heard it, said: It 
thundered. Others said : An angel spoke to him. 30 Jesus an- 
swered and said : This voice came not for my sake, but for 
yours. 31 Now is the judgment of this world: now is the 
prince of this world cast out. 32 And I, if I be lifted up from 
the earth, will draw all men to myself. 33 This he said, signi- 
fying what death he was about to die. 

34 The multitude answered him : We have heard out of the 
law, that the Christ remains forever : and how say you that 
the Son of man must be lifted up ? Who is this Son of man ? 



xii.] JOHN. 235 

35 Then Jesus said to them : Yet a little while is the light with 
you : walk while you have the light, lest the darkness overtake 
you. For he that walks in the darkness knows not whither 
he goes. 36 While you have the light, believe in the light, that 
you may hecome the sons of light. These things spoke Jesus, 
and he departed, and concealed himself from them. 

37 But though he had done so many signs in their presence, 
yet they believed not on him, 38 that the word of Isaiah the 
prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke : Lord, who has be- 
lieved our report ? and to whom has the arm of the Lord been 
revealed? 39 For this reason they could not believe, because 
Isaiah said again : 40 He has blinded their eyes, and hardened 
their heart, lest they should see with their ejes, and understand 
with their heart, and should turn, and I should give them 
health. 41 These things said Isaiah, when he saw his glory, and 
spoke of him. 42 But yet ; many even of the rulers believed on 
him ; but on account of the Pharisees, they would not confess 
him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue; 43 for they 
loved the glory of men more than the glory of G-od. 

44 Jesus cried, and said: He that believes on me, believes not 
on me, but on him that sent me. 45 And he that sees me, sees 
him that sent me. 46 1 have come a light into the world, that 
he who believes on me, may not remain in darkness. 47 And 
if any one hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not; 
for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He 
that rejects me, and receives not my words, has that which 
judges him : the word which I have spoken, that shall judge 
him in the last day. 49 For I have not spoken of myself: but 
the Father who sent me, he gave me commandment what I 
should say, and what I should speak. 50 And I know that his 
commandment is life eternal. What things I speak therefore, 
as the Father has said to me, so I speak. 



236 JOHN. [xm. 

XIII. 1 Now before the feast of the passover, Jesus knew 
that his hour had come that he must go out of this world to 
his Father ; and having loved his own that were in the world, 
he loved them to the end. 2 And supper being over, the devil 
having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son 
of Simon, to deliver him up, 3 Jesus, knowing that the Father 
had delivered all things into his hands, and that he had come 
from God, and was going to God, * arose from supper, and laid 
aside his garments, and taking a towel, he girded himself. 
6 Then he poured water into a basin, and began to wash his 
disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which he 
was girded. 

6 Then he came to Simon Peter ; and Peter said to him : Lord, 
dost thou wash my feet ? 7 Jesus answered and said to him : 
What I am doing you know not now, but you will know here- 
after. 8 Peter said to him : Thou shalt never wash my feet. 
Jesus answered him : Unless I wash you, you have no part 
with me. 9 Simon Peter said to him : Lord, not my feet only, 
but my hands and my head. 10 Jesus said to him : He that has 
bathed needs nothing else save to wash his feet, but is wholly 
clean. And you are clean, but not all. n For he knew who 
would deliver him up ; for this reason he said, You are not all 
clean. 

12 Therefore, when he had washed their feet, and had taken 
his garments, he reclined at table again, and said to them : Do 
you understand what I have done for you? 13 Tou call me 
Teacher and Lord; and you say Avell, for so I am. 14 If, then, 
I, your Lord and your Teacher, have washed your feet, you 
also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have given you 
an example, that you also may do as I have done for you. 
16 Verily, verily I say to you, the servant is not greater than 



xni.] JOHN. 237 

his master, nor is he that is sent greater than he that sent 
him. 17 If you know these things, blessed are you, if you do 
them. 18 1 speak not of you all. I know whom I have chosen : 
hut that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eats bread with 
me has lifted up his heel against me. 19 I tell you this now, 
before it comes to pass, that when it comes to pass, you may 
believe that I am he. 

20 Verily, verily I say to you, he that receives him that I 
shall send, receives me; and he that receives me, receives him 
that sent me. 

21 When Jesus had spoken these things, he was troubled in 
spirit, and testified and said : Verily, verily I say to you, that 
one of you will deliver me up. 22 Then the disciples looked at 
one another, doubting of whom he spoke. 23 There was reclin- 
ing on the bosom of Jesus, one of his disciples, whom Jesus 
loved. 24 Then Simon Peter beckoned to this one, that he 
should inquire who it was of whom he spoke. 25 And he that 
was reclining on Jesus' breast, said to him: Lord, who is it? 

26 Jesus answered : It is he to whom I shall give this morsel 
after I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the morsel, 
he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. 27 And after 
the morsel was given, then Satan entered into him. Then 
Jesus said to him : What you do, do quickly. 28 But none oL' 
those who reclined at table with him knew for what purpose 
he said this to him. 29 For some thought, because Judas had 
the purse, that Jesus had said to him : Buy what we need 
for the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. 
30 Then, on receiving the morsel, he immediately went out; and 
it was night. 

31 When he had gone out, Jesus said : Now is the Son of 
man glorified, and God is glorified in him. 32 If God is glori- 



238 JOHN. [xiv. 

fied in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and will im- 
mediately glorify him. 33 Little children, yet a little while 1 
am with you. You will seek me, and, as I said to the Jews, 
whither I go, you can not come, so now I say to you. 3<1 A 
new commandment I give to you, That you love one another ; 
as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 By this 
shall all men know that you are my disciples, if you have love 
one for another. 

30 Simon Peter said to him : Lord, whither goest thou ? Je- 
sus answered him : Whither I go, you can not follow me now ; 
but you shall follow me hereafter. 3T Peter said. to him: Lord, 
why can I not follow thee now? I will lay down my life for 
thee. 3S Jesus answered him : Will you lay down your life for 
me? Verily, verily I say to you, the cock will not crow till 
you have denied me three times. 

XIV. * Let not your heart be troubled ; believe in God ; be- 
lieve also in me. 2 In my Father's house are many mansions; 
if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a 
place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I 
will come again and take you with myself, that where I am, 
you may be also. *And whither I go you know, and the way 
you know. 

5 Thomas said to him: Lord, we know not whither thou 
goest, and how can we know the way? 6 Jesus said to him: 
I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the 
Father, but through me. 7 If you had known me, you would 
have known my Father also. And from this time you know 
him, and have seen him. 

8 Philip said to him : Lord, show us the Father, and we shall 
be content. 9 Jesus said to him : Have I been so long with 



xiv.] JOHN. 239 

you, and have you not known me, Philip? He that has seen 
me, has seen the Father; and how say you, Show us the Fa- 
ther ? 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and that 
the Father is in me ? The words that I speak to you, I speak 
not of myself. The Father who dwells in me, he does the 
works. "Believe me, that I am in the Father, and that the 
Father is in me. If not, believe me on account of the works 
themselves. 12 Verily, verily I say to you, he that believes on 
me, the works that I do he also shall do. Even greater works 
than these shall he do, because I go to my Father; 13 aud 
whatever you ask in my name, I will do, that the Father may 
be glorified in the Son. 14 If you ask any thing in my name, I 
will do it. 

15 If you love me, keep my commandments; - lb and I will 
pray the Father, and he will give you another Advocate, that 
he may dwell with you forever ; 17 the Spirit of the truth, whom 
the world can not receive, because it neither sees him nor 
knows him. But you know him, because he dwells with you, 
and shall be in you. 18 I will not leave you orphans; I am 
coming to you. 19 Yet a little while, and the world sees me 
no more ; but you shall see me. Because I live, you also shall 
live. 20 In that day you shall know that I am in my Father, 
and you in me, and I in you. 21 He that has my command- 
ments and keeps them, he it is that loves me; and he that loves 
me shall be loved by my Father; and I will love him, and will 
manifest myself to him. 

22 Judas, not Iscariot, said to him : Lord, how is it that thou 
wilt manifest thyself to us, and not to the world ? 23 Jesus an- 
swered and said to him : If any one loves me, he will keep my 
word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, 
and make our abode with him. ^ He that loves me not, keeps 



240 JOHN. [xv. 

not my words ; and the word which you hear is not mine, but 
the Father's who sent me. 

25 These things have I spoken to you, while I am yet with 
you. 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father 
will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring 
to your remembrance all things that I have spoken to you. 
27 Peace I leave to you; my peace I give to you; not as the 
world gives, do I give to you. Let not your heart be trou- 
bled, and let it not be afraid. 28 You have heard that I said 
to you, I am going away, and am coming again to you. If 
you loved me, you would rejoice, because I go to the Father; 
for my Father is greater than I. 29 And now I have told you 
before it comes to pass, that when it does come to pass, you 
may believe. 30 I will not talk much more with you; for the 
prince of this world is coming, and has nothing in me. 31 But 
this takes place that the world may know that I love the Fa- 
ther, and even as he gave me commandment, so I do. Arise, 
let us go hence. 

XV. 1 1 am the true vine, and my Father is the vine-dresser. 
2 Every branch in 'me that bears no fruit, he takes away; and 
every branch that bears fruit, he prunes, that it may bear 
more fruit. 3 Now are you pure, through the word which I 
have spoken to you. 4 Abide in me, and I will abide in you. 
As the branch can not bear fruit, of itself, unless it abide in 
the vine, so neither can you, unless you abide in me. 5 I am 
the vine, you are the branches. He that abides in me and I 
in him, he will bear much fruit; for apart from me you can 
do nothing. 

6 If any one abide not in me, he is thrown out as a branch, 
and withers ; and such are gathered, and thrown into the fire, 



xv.] JOHN. 241 

and burned. 7 If you abide in me ; and my words abide in 
you, you shall ask what you will, and it shall be done for you. 
8 In this is my Father glorified, that you bear much fruit; and 
in this you will be my disciples. 9 As the Father has loved 
me, so have I loved you; abide in my love. 10 If you keep 
my commandments, you shall abide in my love, even as I have 
kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love. 

11 These things have I spoken to you, that my joy may re- 
main in you, and that your joy may be full. 12 This is my 
commandment: That you love one another, as I have loved 
you. 13 Greater love has no man than this, that one should lay 
down his life for his friends. 14 You are my friends, if you do 
whatever I command you. 15 I no longer call you servants, 
because the servant knows not what his master does. But I 
have called you friends; for all things that I have heard from 
my Father, I have made known to you. 16 Tou have not 
chosen me, but I have chosen you, and appointed you, that 
you may go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit may re- 
main ; that whatever you ask of the Father in my name, he 
may give you. 17 These things I command you, that you may 
love one another. 

18 If the world hates you, you know that it hated me before 
it hated you. 19 If you were of the world, the world would 
love its own. But because you are not of the world, but I 
have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hates 
you. 20 Eemember the word which I spoke to you, The serv- 
ant is not greater than his master. If they have persecuted 
me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my word, 
they will keep yours also. 21 But all these things they will 
do to you on my account, because they know not him that sent 
me. 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not 
16 



242 JOHN. [xvi. 



have "had sin; but now they have no excuse for their sin. 
that hates me, hates my Father also. 2* If I had not done among 
them the works that no other man has clone, they would have 
had no sin ; but now they have both seen, and hated both me 
and my Father. 25 But this is so ; that the word may be fulfilled 
which is written in their law, They hated me without a cause. 
20 But when the Advocate has come, whom I will send to you 
from my Father, the Spirit of the truth, which proceeds from 
the Father, he will testify of me; 27 and you also will testify, 
because you have been with me from the beginning. 

XVI. 1 These things have I spoken to you, that you may not 
be ensnared. 2 They will put you out of the synagogues ; in- 
deed, the time is coming, when he that kills you, will think 
that he is offering service to God. 3 And these things they will 
do, because they know neither the Father nor me. 4 But these 
things I have told you, that, when the time has come, you may 
remember that I told you of them. But these things I did 
not tell you at the beginning, because I was with you. 5 And 
now I go to him that sent me, and no one of you asks me, 
Whither goest thou ? G But because I have spoken these things 
to you, sorrow has filled your heart. 

7 But yet 1 tell you the truth: it is profitable . for you that 
I go away. For if I go not away, the Advocate will not come 
to you. But if I go away, I will send him to you. 8 And 
when he has come, he will . convince the world of sin, and of 
righteousness, and of judgment. : 9 Of sin, because they believe 
not on me; 10 of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and 
you see, me BO more ; " of judgment, because the prince of this 
world is judged. 

12 1 have yet many things to say to you; but you can not 



xvi.] .JOHN. 243 

bear them now. 13 But when he, the Spirit of the truth, has 
come, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not 
speak of himself; but what he hears, that will he speak, and he 
will show you things to come. M He will glorify me; for he 
will take of mine, and show it to you. 15 All things that the 
Father has are mine ; for this reason I said, that he will take 
of mine, and show it to you. 16 A little while, and you will 
not see me; and again, a little while, and you will see me, be- 
cause I go to the Father. 

17 Then some of his disciples said one to another : What is 
this that he says to us, A little while, and you will not see 
me; and again, a little while, and you will see me? and, Be- 
cause I go to the Father? 18 Therefore they said: "What is 
this that he says, The little while? We know not what he 
says. 19 Then Jesus knew that they wished to ask him; and 
he said to them: Are you inquiring of one another about this, 
because I said, A little while and you will not see me; and 
again, a little while, and you will see me? 20 Verily, verily I 
say to you, you shall weep and lament, but the world will re- 
joice. You shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned 
into joy. 21 A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow, be- 
cause her hour has come ; but when the child is born, she no 
longer remembers the pain, for joy that a man is born into the 
world. 22 You, therefore, have sorrow now; but I shall see 
you again, and your heart will rejoice, and your joy no one 
takes from you. 23 And in that day you shall ask nothing of 
me ; verily, verily I say to you, whatever you ask of the Fa- 
ther in my name, he will give you. ^Till this time you have 
asked for nothing in my name ; ask, and you shall receive, that 
your joy may be full. 

25 These things I have spoken to you in parables ; the time is 



244. JOHN. [XVIL 

coming when I will no longer speak to you in parables, but 
will teacli you plainly concerning the Father. 26 In that day 
you shall ask in my name; and I say not to you, that I will 
ask the Father in your behalf; 27 for the Father himself lovea 
you, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came 
forth from God. 28 I came forth from the Father, and have 
come into the world : again I leave the world, and go to the 
Father. 

29 His disciples said to him : Lo, now thou speakest plainly, 
and speakest no parable. 30 ]S[ow we know that thou knowest 
all things, and hast no need that any one should ask thee. 
By this we believe that thou hast come forth from God. 
31 Jesus answered them: Do you now believe? 32 Behold, the 
hour is coming, and has now come, in which you shall be scat- 
tered, each one to his own home, and shall leave me alone : 
and yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me. 3S These 
things I have spoken to you, that in me you may have peace. 
In the world you shall have affliction, but be of good courage; 
I have overcome the world. 

XVII. l Jesus spoke these words, and lifted up his eyes to 
heaven, and said : Father, the hour has come : glorify thy Son, 
that thy Son may also glorify thee; 2 as thou hast given him 
authority over all flesh, that he may give eternal life to all 
that thou hast given him. 3 And this is life eternal, to know 
thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou has sent. 
* I have glorified thee on the earth ; I have finished the work 
which thou gavest me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me 
with thyself, with the glory which I had with thee before the 
world was. 

6 1 have made known thy name to the men that thou gavest 



xvii.] JOHN. 245 

me out of the world. Thine they were, and thou gavest them 
to me, and they have kept thy word. 7 Now they know that 
all things that thou hast given me are from thee; 8 for the 
words which thou gavest me I have given them ; and they have 
received them, and they know surely that I came forth from 
thee, and they believe that thou didst send me. 9 1 pray for 
them; I pray not for the world, but for them whom thou hast 
given me; for they are thine. 10 And all mine are thine, and 
thine are mine, and I am glorified in them. u And I am no 
longer in the world; but these are in the world, and I come to 
thee. Holy Father, keep in thy name those whom thou hast 
given me, that they may be one, as we are one. 12 While I was 
with them in the world, I kept them in thy name. Those 
whom thou gavest me, I have kept; and none of them is lost 
but the son of perdition, that the scripture may be fulfilled. 
13 And now I come to thee; and these things I speak in the 
world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves. 

14 1 have given them thy word; and the world has hated 
them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of 
the world. l5 1 do not pray thee to take them out of the 
world, but to keep them from the Evil One. 16 They are not of 
the world, as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them through 
thy truth ; thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the 
world, so I send them into the world; 19 and for them I sanc- 
tify myself, that they also may be sanctified through the truth. 
20 1 pray, not for these only, but for those also who shall be- 
lieve on me through their word ; 21 that they all may be one, 
as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they may be one 
in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 
22 And the glory which thou gavest me, I have given them, 
that they may be one, as we are one ; ^ I in them, and thou in 



246 JOHN. [XVIH. 

me, that they may be made perfect in one, that the world may 
know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast 
loved me. 

24 Father, I wish that they also, whom thou hast given me, 
may be with me where I am, that they may behold my glory, 
which thou hast given me; for thou didst love me before 
the foundation of the world. 25 Righteous Father, though the 
world has not known thee, yet I have known thee, and these 
have known that thou hast sent me. 26 And I have made 
known to them thy name, and will continue to make it known, 
that the love with which thou hast loved me may be in them, 
and I in them. 

XVIII. 1 When Jesus had spoken these things, he went out 
with his disciples beyond the brook Keclron, where was a 
garden, which he and his disciples entered. 2 And Judas, who 
delivered him up, also knew the place, because Jesus often 
went thither with his disciples. 3 Judas, then, having received 
the band of soldiers and attendants from the chief priests and 
Pharisees, came thither with torches and lamps and weapons. 

4 Then Jesus, knowing all things that were coming upon him, 
went forth, and said to them : Whom do you seek ? 5 They 
answered him : Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus said to them : I am 
he. Judas, also, who delivered him up, was standing among 
them. 6 Then, when he said to them, I am he, they went 
backward, and fell to the ground. 7 Then he asked them again : 
Whom do you seek ? They said : Jesus the Nazarene. 8 Jesus 
answered : I have told you that I am he. If, then, you seek 
me, let these go away. 9 This he said, that the word might be 
fulfilled which he had spoken : Of those whom thou hast given 
me, I have lost none. 



XVIIL] JOHN. 247 

10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it, and struck 
the servant of the chief priest, and cut off his right ear. The 
name of the servant was Malchus. n Then Jesus said to Peter: 
Put up your sword into its scabbard. Shall I not drink the 
cup that my Father has given me? 

12 Then the band of soldiers, and the officer, and the attend- 
ants of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him, 13 and led him first 
to Annas ; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was 
chief priest that year. 14 It was Caiaphas who had given coun- 
sel to the Jews, that it was profitable that one man should die 
for the people. 

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disci- 
ple. And that other disciple was acquainted with the chief 
priest, and he went in with Jesus into the palace of the chief 
priest. 16 But Peter stood without near the door. Then the 
other disciple, who was acquainted with the chief priest, went 
out and spoke to the door-keeper, and brought Peter in. 
17 Then the maid-servant who kept the door said to Peter : Are 
you not also one of the disciples of this man ? He said : I am 
not. 18 And the servants and the attendants, having made a 
fire of coals, for it was cold, were standing and warming them- 
selves. And Peter stood with them, and warmed himself. 

19 Then the chief priest questioned Jesus concerning his disci- 
ples and his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him: I have spoken 
openly to the world; I always taught in the synagogue, and 
in the temple, where the Jews come together, and in secret I 
have spoken nothing. 21 Why do you ask me? Ask those 
who have heard, what things I said to them. Behold, they 
know what I have said. 22 When he had spoken thus, one of 
the attendants, who was standing by, struck Jesus with his 
open hand, saying : Do you answer the chief priest thus ? 



248 JOHN. [xvm. 

23 Jesus answered him: If I have spoken evil, testify of the 
evil; but if well, why do you strike me? 24 Then Annas sent 
him bound to Oaiaphas the chief priest. 

25 And Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. Then 
they said to him: Are not you also one of his disciples? He 
denied, and said : I am not. 2G One of the servants of the chief 
priest, who was a kinsman of him whose ear Peter had cut off, 
said : Did I not see you in the garden with him ? 27 Then Peter 
denied again. And immediately the cock crew. 

28 Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor's pal- 
ace. It was the morning hour. And, in order that they 
might not be defiled, but that they might eat the passover, 
they did not go into the governor's palace. 29 Then Pilate 
came out to them, and said : What accusation do you bring 
against this man ? 30 They answered and said to him : If this 
man were not an evil-doer, we would not have delivered him 
to you. 3l Then Pilate said to them : Take him yourselves, and 
judge him according to your law. Then the Jews said to him : 
It is not lawful for us to put any one to death ; 32 that the 
word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke, signifying by 
what death he was about to die. 

33 Then Pilate again entered the governor's palace, and called 
Jesus, and said to him : Are you the king of the Jews ? 3i Jesus 
answered him : Do you say this of yourself, or did others speak 
to you of me? 35 Pilate answered: Am I a Jew? Your own 
nation, and the chief priests have delivered you to me; what 
have you done ? 3G Jesus answered : My kingdom is not of 
this world; if my kingdom were of this world, then would my 
servants fight, that I might not be delivered up to the Jews. 
But now my kingdom is not hence. 37 Then Pilate said to 
him : You are a king, then ? Jesus answered : You say that I 



xix.] JOHN. 249 

am a king. For this purpose was I born, and for this purpose 

1 came into the world, that I might testify to the truth. 
Every one that is of the truth, hears my voice. 38 Pilate said 
to him : What is truth ? 

And when he had said this, he again came out to the Jews, 
and said to them : I find no fault in him. 39 But you have a 
custom, that I release to you one during the passover. Are 
you willing, then, that I should release to you the king of the 
Jews ? 40 They all, then, cried out, saying : Not this man, but 
Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. 

XIX. l Then Pilate, therefore, took Jesus and scourged him. 

2 And the soldiers plaited a crown of thorn-branches, and put 
it upon his head; and they put on him a purple robe, 3 and 
said : Hail, King of the Jews. And they struck him with 
their open hands. 

4 Then Pilate came out again, and said to them : Behold, I 
bring him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault 
in him. 5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorn- 
branches, and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them: Be- 
hold the man ! 6 When the chief priests and their attendants 
saw him, they cried out, saying : Crucify him, crucify him. 
Pilate said to them: Do you take him and crucify him; for I 
find no fault in him. 7 The Jews answered: We have a law, 
and according to our law he ought to die, because he made 
himself the Son of God. 

8 Then, when Pilate heard this word, he was the more afraid; 

9 and he went into the governor's palace again, and said to 
Jesus : Whence are you ? But Jesus gave him no answer. 

10 Then Pilate said to him : Do you not speak to me ? Do you 
not know that I have authority to crucify you, and authority 



250 JOHN. [xix. 

to release you ? n Jesus answered : You could have no author- 
ity over me, had it not been given you from above. Therefore, 
he that delivered me to you, has the greater sin. 

12 After this Pilate sought to release him. But the Jews 
cried out, saying : If you release this man, you are not Caesar's 
friend. Every one that makes himself a king, speaks against 
Caesar. 13 Then Pilate, when he heard that word, led Jesus 
out, and sat on the judgment-seat, in a place called the Pave- 
ment, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha; 14 it was the preparation for 
the passover, and about the third hour; and he said to the 
Jews, Behold your king ! 15 But they cried out : Away with 
him, away with him; crucify him! Pilate said to them: Shall 
I crucify your king ? The chief priests answered : We have no 
king but Csesar. 16 Then he, therefore, delivered him to them 
to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. 

17 And, bearing his cross, he went forth into a place called 
the Place of a Skull, which is called, in Hebrew, Golgotha, 
18 where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on 
each side, and Jesus in the middle. 

19 And Pilate wrote a superscription, and put it on the cross; 
and the writing was, JESUS THE NAZABENE, THE KING 
OP THE JEWS. 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this 
superscription, because the place where Jesus was crucified was 
near the city. And it was written in Hebrew and in Greek 
and in Latin. 21 Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pi- 
late : Write not, The king of the Jews ; but, that he said, I am 
the king of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered : What I have writ- 
ten, I have written. 23 Then the soldiers, when they had cruci- 
fied Jesus, took his clothing, and made four parts, to each soldier 
a part ; and they took his coat also. Now his coat was without 
seam, woven from the top throughout. 2 *Then they said, one 



xix.] JOHN. 251 

to another, let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall 
be. This was done that the scripture might be fulfilled, which 
says : They divided my clothing among them, and for my 
vesture they did cast lots. The soldiers, therefore, did these 
things. 

25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his 
mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleopas, and Mary Magda- 
lene. 2fi Then Jesus, seeing his mother and the disciple whom 
he loved standing by, said to his mother : Woman, behold your 
son. 2T Then he said to the disciple: Behold your mother. 
And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home. 

28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accom- 
plished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, said: I thirst. 
29 Now a vessel full of vinegar had been set there; and they 
filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon a hyssop-stalk, 
and put it to his mouth. 30 Therefore, when Jesus had received 
the vinegar, he said: It is finished. And he bowed his head, 
and gave up his spirit. 

31 Then the Jews, as it was the preparation, that the bodies 
might not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for that sabbath- 
day was a great day, besought Pilate that their legs might be 
broken, and that they might be taken down. 32 Then came the 
soldiers and broke the legs of the first, and of the other that 
was crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus, and 
saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs : 
34 but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear; and 
immediately there came out blood and water. 

35 And he that saw it has given testimony, and his testimony 
is true, and he knows that he speaks the truth, that you may 
believe; 36 for these tilings were done that the scripture might 
be fulfilled: A bone of him shall not be broken. 37 And again 



252 JOHN. [xx. 

another scripture says: They shall look on him whom they 
pierced. 

38 And after this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of 
Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that 
he might take away the body of Jesus. And Pilate gave him 
permission. He then came and took away the body of Jesus. 
39 Then. came Nicodemus also, (who, at the first, had come to 
Jesus by night,) bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about 
a hundred pounds. 40 Then they took the body of Jesus, and 
bound it in linen cloths, with the spices, according to the Jew- 
ish custom of burying. 41 Now, in the place where he was cru- 
cified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in 
which no one had ever been laid. 42 There, then, on account 
of the preparation-day of the Jews, they laid Jesus, for the 
tomb was near. 

XX. 1 And early on the first day of the week, while it was 
yet dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb, and saw that the 
stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2 Then she ran 
and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus 
loved, and said to them : They have taken away the Lord out 
of the tomb, and we know not where they have laid him. 
3 Then Peter and the other disciple went out, and came to the 
tomb. 

4 And the two ran together; and the other disciple outran 
Peter, and came first to the tomb ; 5 and he stooped down and 
saw the linen cloths lying, but he did not go in. "Then came 
Simon Peter, following him ; and he went into the tomb, and 
saw the linen cloths lying, 7 and the handkerchief that had been 
on his head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded in a 
place by itself. 8 Then, therefore, the other disciple, who came 



xx.] JOHN. 253 

first to the tomb, went in, and saw, and believed. 9 For, as 
yet, they did not know the scripture, that he must rise from 
the dead. 10 Then the disciples went away again by them- 
selves. 

11 But Mary stood without near the tomb, weeping; and as 
she wept, she stooped down and looked into the tomb, 12 and saw 
two angels in white raiment, sitting, the one at the head, and 
the other at the foot, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13 And 
they said to her: Woman, why do you weep? She said to 
them : They have taken away my Lord, and I know not where 
they have laid him. H Having said this, she turned back, and ' 
saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. 

15 Jesus said to her: Woman, why do you weep? Whom do 
you seek ? Supposing that it was the gardener, she said to 
him : Sir, if you have taken him hence, tell me where you have 
laid him, and I will take him away. 16 Jesus said to her : Mary. 
She turned, and said to him: Babboni; which is, translated, 
Teacher. 17 Jesus said to her: Touch me not, for I have not 
yet ascended to my Father : but go to my brethren, and say 
to them, I ascend to my Father and your Father, and to my 
God and your Grod. 18 Mary Magdalen came and told the dis- 
ciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had said these 
things to her. 

19 Then, on that day, the first day of the week, when it was 
evening, and the doors of the house in which the disciples were 
assembled had been closed for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and 
stood in the midst, and said to them: Peace be to you. 20 And 
having said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then 
the disciples rejoiced, when they saw the Lord. 21 Then Jesus 
said to them again : Peace be to you. As my Father has sent 
me, so I send you. 22 And -when he had said this, he breathed 



254 JOHN. [xxi. 

on them, and said to them : Keceive the Holy Spirit. w Whos- 
ever sins you forgive, they are forgiven them: whosever sins 
you retain, they are retained. 

24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, who is called Didynras, was 
not with them when Jesus came. 26 Then the other disciples 
said to him : We have seen the Lord. But he said to them : 
Unless I see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my 
finger in the print of the nails, and put my hand into his side, 

1 will not believe. 

26 And after eight days, again his disciples were within, and 
Thomas was with them. Then Jesus came, though the doors 
had been closed, and stood in the midst, and said : Peace be to 
you. 27 Then he said to Thomas : Reach hither your finger, 
and behold my hands; and reach hither your hand, and put 
it into my side ; and be not faithless, but believing. 28 And 
Thomas answered and said to , him : My Lord and my God. 
29 Jesus said to him: Because you have seen me you have be- 
lieved : blessed are they who, though they have not seen, yet 
have believed. 

30 Many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his 
disciples, which are not written in this book ; 31 but these are 
written, that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son 
of God, and that by believing you may have life through his 
name. 

XXI. - 1 After this, Jesus showed himself again to his disciples, 
at the sea of Tiberias. And he showed himself in this way. 

2 There were together, Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didy- 
mus, and Nathaniel of Cana of Galilee, and the sons of Zebe- 
dee, and two others of his disciples. 3 Simon Peter said to 
them : I am going a fishingi They said to him : We also are 



sxi.] JOHN. 255 

going with you. They went out and entered the ship; and 
that night they caught nothing. 

4 But when the morning had now come, Jesus stood on the 
shore; but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. 5 Then 
Jesus said to them : Children, have you any food ? They an- 
swered him: No. 6 He said to them: Throw the net on the 
right side of the ship, and you will find. They threw it, there- 
fore, and were no longer able to draw it for the multitude of 
fishes. 7 Then that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter: 
It is the Lord. And when Simon Peter heard that it was the 
Lord, he girded on his outer coat, for he had on his inner gar- 
ment only, and threw himself into the sea. 8 And the other 
disciples came in a little ship, dragging the net with fishes, 
for they were not far from the land, only about two hundred 
cubits. 

9 As soon as they had come to the land, they saw there a fire 
of coals, and fish lying upon it, and bread. 10 Jesus said to them; 
Bring of the fish that you have just taken. n Simon Peter 
went and drew the net to the land, full of large fishes, a hund- 
red and fifty-three. And though they were so many, the net 
did not break. 12 Jesus said to them : Come and breakfast. But 
no one of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? because 
they knew it was the Lord. 13 Then Jesus came and took the 
bread, and gave it to them, and the fish likewise. 14 This was 
now the third occasion on which Jesus showed himself to his 
disciples, after he had risen from the dead. 

15 When, therefore, they had taken breakfast, Jesus said to 
Simon Peter : Simon, son of Jonah, Do you love me more than 
these ? He said to him : Yes, Lord, thou knowest that I love 
thee. He said to him: Feed my lambs. 16 He said to him 
again a second time : Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me ? 



256 JOHN. [xxi 

He said to him: Yes, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. 
He said to him : Be a shepherd to my sheep. 17 He said to him 
a third time : Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me ? Peter was 
grieved because he said to him the third time, Do you love 
me ? And he said to him ; Lord, thou knowest all things, thou 
knowest that I love thee. Jesus said to him: Feed my sheep. 
18 Verily, verily I say to you, when you were young, you girded 
yourself, and walked whither you chose; but when you have 
become old, you shall stretch forth your hands, and another 
shall gird you, and lead you whither you would not. 19 But 
this he said, signifying by what death he would glorify Grod. 
And when he had spoken this, he said to him : Follow me. 

20 Then Peter, turning about, saw the disciple that Jesus 
loved, following, who also reclined at supper upon his breast, 
and said: Lord, who is he that delivers thee up? 21 Peter 
seeing this one, said to Jesus : Lord, what shall this one do ? 
22 Jesus said to him : If I will that he remain till I come, what 
is that to you? Do you follow me. 23 Therefore, this saying 
went out among the brethren, that that disciple should not 
die. Yet Jesus did not say to him, He shall not die; but, If 
I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? 

24 This is the disciple who testifies of these things, and who 
has written these things; and we know that his testimony is 
true. 25 And there are also many other things that Jesus did; 
if they should be written, every one of them, I suppose that 
not even the world itself could contain the books that would be 
written. 



ACTS OF APOSTLES. 



I. a f B^HE former record I made, Theophilus, of all things 
1 that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 2 till the 
clay on which he was taken up, after he had, through the Holy 
Spirit, given commandments to the apostles whom he had chosen. 
3 To whom, after he had suffered, he also showed himself alive, 
by many indubitable proofs; appearing to them for forty days, 
and speaking of the things that pertain to the kingdom of God. 
* And calling them together, he commanded them not to depart 
from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of my Father, 
which, said he, you have heard from me; 6 for John indeed 
immersed in water, but you shall be immersed in the Holy 
Spirit, not many days hence. 

6 Therefore, when they came together, they asked him, say- 
ing: Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to 
Israel ? 7 But he said to them : It is not for you to know 
times or seasons that the Father has reserved iinder his own 
control. 8 But you shall receive power, after the Holy Spirit 
has come upon you, and you shall be witnesses for me both in 
Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and to the most 
distant part of the earth. 

9 And when he had spoken these things, while they were 
looking on him, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out 
of their sight. 10 And while they were looking earnestly to- 
ward heaven, as he went up, behold, two men stood by them 
in white raiment, u who also said : Men of Galilee, why stand 
17 (257) 



266 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [i. 

you gazing up -into heaven? This Jesus, who has been taken 
up from you into heaven, shall come in the same manner in 
which you saw him go into heaven. 

12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Oli- 
vet, which is near Jerusalem, a sabbath-day's journey. 13 And 
when they had come in, they went up into an upper room, in 
which dwelt Peter and James, and John and Andrew, Philip 
and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Al- 
phseus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James. 
14 All these, with one mind, continued in prayer and supplica- 
tion, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with 
his brothers. 

1/5 And in those days Peter arose in the midst of the disciples, 
(the number of the names together was about a hundred and 
twenty,) and said : 

16 Brethren, it was necessary for this scripture to be fulfilled, 
which the Holy Spirit had before spoken by the mouth of Da- 
vid, concerning Judas, who was a guide to those who took Jesus : 
17 for he was numbered with us, and had been appointed to this 
ministry. 18 Therefore he purchased a field with the reward of 
his iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the 
midst, and all his bowels gushed out. 19 And it was known to 
all that dwelt in Jerusalem, so that the field is called, in their 
own language, Akeldama, that is, The field of blood. 20 For it is 
written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, 
and let no one dwell in it, and, His office let another take. 
21 Therefore, of these men who have associated with us during 
the whole time in which the Lord Jesus went in and out among 
us, 22 beginning from the immersion of John till the day on 
which he was taken up from us, must one be appointed as a 
witness with us of his resurrection. 



ii.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 259 

83 And they set apart two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was 
surnamed Justus, and Matthias; ^and praying, they said: 
Thou, Lord, who knowest the hearts of all, make known which 
of these two thou hast chosen, 25 that he may be appointed to 
this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgres- 
sion fell, that he might go to his own place. 26 And they gave 
in their lots, and the lot fell on Matthias : and he was num- 
bered with the eleven apostles. 

II. ''And when the day of Pentecost had fully come, they 
were all with one consent in one place. 2 And suddenly there 
came from heaven a sound as of a rushing, violent wind, and it 
filled the whole house in which they were sitting. 3 And there 
appeared to them tongues like fire, which distributed them- 
selves, and sat one on each of them. *And they were all filled 
with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, 
as the Spirit gave them utterance. 

6 Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem devout Jews, from 
every nation under heaven. 6 When the report of this had 
gone abroad, the multitude came together ; and they were per- 
plexed, for each one heard them speak in his own language. 
7 They were amazed and astonished, and said one to another : 
Are not all these that are speaking, Galileans ? 8 And how is 
it that we hear, every one in our own language in which we 
were born 9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites, and we who 
dwell in Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cappadocia, Pontus and 
Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya 
about Oyrene, Roman residents, Jews and proselytes, n Cretes 
and Arabians we hear them speaking, in our own tongues, 
the wonderful works of G-od? 12 And they were all in amaze- 
ment and doubt, and said, one to another: What can this 



260 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [n. 

mean? 13 But others deriding, said: They are full of new 
wine. 

14 But Peter standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice 
and said to them : Men of Judea, and all you that dwell in Je- 
rusalem, be this known to you, and give ear to my words. 
15 For these men are not drunk, as you suppose : for it is the 
third hour of the day. 16 But this is that which was spoken of 
by the prophet Joel: 

17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that 
I will pour out of my Spirit on all flesh; and your sons and 
your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see 
visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. 18 And also on 
my servants and on my handmaids, I will pour out of my 
Spirit in those days, and they shall prophesy. "And I will 
show wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath, 
blood and fire and columns of smoke. 20 The sun shall be turned 
into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and 
terrible day of the Lord comes. 21 And it shall come to pass, 
that whoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. 

22 Men of Israel, hear these words : Jesus the Nazarene, 
clearly pointed out to you as a man from God, by mighty 
deeds and wonders and signs, which God did by him in your 
midst, as you yourselves also know, 23 him, delivered up by the 
fixed purpose and foreknowledge of God, you took, and with 
wicked hands did crucify and slay: ^whom God raised up, 
having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible 
for him to be held in subjection by it. 25 For David speaks 
with reference to him : I saw the Lord always in my presence : 
for he is at my right hand, that I should not be moved. 
26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue sang praise. 
Moreover, my flesh shall rest in hope ; 27 because thou wilt not 



ii.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 261 

leave my soul in hades, nor suffer thy Holy One to see corrup- 
tion. 28 Thou didst make known to me the ways of life; thou~ 
wilt make me full of joy with thy countenance. 

29 Brethren, I may say to you plainly of the patriarch David, 
that he died, and was buried, and his sepulcher is with us to 
this clay. 30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God 
had sworn to him with an oath, that he would cause one from 
the fruit of his loins to sit on his throne; 31 foreseeing this, he 
spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that his soul was not 
left in hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. 32 This Jesus 
has God raised up, of which we all are witnesses. 33 Therefore, 
having been exalted to the right hand of Grod, and having re- 
ceived from his Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has 
poured out this, which you now see and hear. 34 For David has 
not ascended into the heavens ; but he himself says, The Lord 
said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, 3S till I make thy 
enemies thy footstool. 3G Therefore, let all the house of Israel 
know assuredly, that God has made this same Jesus whom you 
crucified, both Lord and Christ. 

37 When they heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and 
said to Peter and the other apostles : Brethren, what shall we do ? 

38 And Peter said to them: Repent, and be immersed, every 
one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ, in order to the remis- 
sion of sins ; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 
39 For the promise is to you, and your children, and to all that 
are afar off, as many as the Lord our God shall call. *And 
with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying : Save 
yourselves from this wicked generation. 

41 Then they that gladly received his word were immersed, 
and on that day there were added to them about three thou- 
sand souls. * 2 And they attended constantly to the teaching 



262 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [in. 

of the apostles, and the fellowship, and the breaking of bread, 
and the prayers. 43 And fear came on every soul; and many 
wonders and signs were done by the apostles. 44 And all that 
believed were together, and had all things in common ; 45 and 
they sold their possessions and goods, and distributed them to 
all, as each had need. 46 And with one consent, they continued 
daily in the temple; and, breaking bread from house to house, 
they partook of their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, 
47 praising God, and being in favor with all the people. And 
the Lord added the saved daily to the Church. 

III. l Now Peter and John were going up together into the 
temple at the hour of prayer, which was the ninth hour. 2 And 
a certain man, lame from his mother's womb, was carried along, 
whom they laid daily at that gate of the temple which is called 
Beautiful, that he might ask charity of those who were going 
into the temple. 3 This man, seeing Peter and John about to 
go into the temple, asked charity. 4 But Peter, fixing his eyes 
on him with John, said : Look on us. 5 And he gave heed to 
them, expecting to receive something from them. 

6 But Peter said: Silver and gold I have none: but what I 
have, this I give you. In the name of Jesus Christ the Naza- 
rene, arise and walk. 7 And he took him by his right hand 
and raised him up : and immediately his feet and ankles re- 
ceived strength. 8 And leaping up, he stood and walked, and 
went with them into the temple, walking and leaping and 
praising God. 9 And all the people saw him walking and prais- 
ing God ; 10 and they recognized him, that it was he that had 
sat for charity at the Beautiful gate of the temple. And they 
were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened 
to him. 



in.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 263 

11 And while he was holding to Peter and John, all the peo- 
ple ran together to them in the porch called Solomon's, greatly 
astonished. 12 But when Peter saw it, he answered the people: 

Men of Israel, why are you astonished at this? .or, why do 
you look so earnestly on us, as if by our own power or godli- 
ness we had caused this man to walk? 13 The God of Abra- 
ham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, has 
glorified his Son Jesus, whom you delivered up, and whom you 
rejected in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to 
release him. 14 But you rejected the Holy and Just One, and 
demanded that a murderer should be given to you; 15 and you 
slew the Author of life, whom God has raised from the dead, 
of which we are witnesses. 16 And his name, by faith in his 
name, has made this man strong whom you see and know ; even 
the faith which is by him, has given him this entire soundness 
in the presence of you all. 

17 And now, brethren, I k-now that through ignorance you did 
this, as did also your rulers. 18 But the things which God fore- 
told by the mouth of all his prophets, that his Christ should 
suffer, he has thus fulfilled. 19 Eepent, therefore, and turn, in 
order that your sins may be blotted out, so that seasons of re- 
freshing may come from the presence of the Lord, 20 and that 
he may send Jesus Christ, who was destined for you ; 21 whom 
heaven must retain, till the time for restoring all things that 
God has spoken by the mouth of his holy prophets of ancient 
times. 

22 For Moses said to the fathers, A prophet like me shall the 
Lord your God raise up for you from among your brethren; 
him shall you hear in all things that he shall say to you. 
23 And it shall come to pass, that every soul that will not hear 
that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people. 21 And 



264 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [iv. 

all the prophets, from Samuel and those that follow after, as 
many as have spoken, have also foretold these days. ^ You are 
the sons of the prophets, and of the covenant that God made 
with our fathers,, saying to Abraham, And in your offspring 
shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 2C To you first, 
God, having raised up his Son Jesus, has sent him to bless you, 
in turning every one of you away from his iniquities. 

IV. x While they were speaking to the people, the priests, and 
the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them, 
2 being vexed because they taught the people, and preached 
through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 3 And they laid 
hands on them, and put them in prison till the next day, for it 
was already evening. 4 But many of those who heard the 
word, believed; and the number of the men was about five 
thousand. 

5 And it came to pass, on the next day, that their rulers and 
elders and scribes, 6 and Annas the chief priest, and Caiaphas 
and John and Alexander, and as many as were of the family 
of the chief priest, met together in Jerusalem. 7 And when 
they had made them stand in the midst, they asked : By what 
power, or by what name have you done this? 8 Then Peter, 
filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them : Rulers of the people, 
and elders of Israel, 9 if we are this day examined with respect 
to the good deed done to the infirm man, by what means he 
has been saved, 10 be it known to you all, and to all the people 
of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom 
you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by him does 
this man stand before you in health. u This is the stone that 
was rejected with contempt by you builders, which has become 
the head of the corner. 12 .And there is jalvation in no other; 



iv.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. . 265 

nor, indeed, is there another name under heaven, given among 
men, by which we must be saved. 

13 Now, when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and 
perceived that they were unlearned and plain men, they were 
astonished; and they also recognized them, that they had been 
with Jesus ; 14 and, seeing the man who had been cured stand- 
ing with them, they had nothing to say in reply. 15 But, hav- 
ing commanded them to go aside out of the Sanhedrim, they 
consulted with one another, 16 saying : What shall we do with 
these men ? For that an evident sign has been done by them, 
is manifest to all that dwell in Jesusalem, and we can not deny 
it. " But that it may spread no further among the people, let 
us severely threaten them, so that they speak no more to any 
man in this name. 18 And they called them in, and commanded 
them to speak no more at all, nor to teach, in the name of 
Jesus. 

19 But Peter and John answering them, said : Whether it is 
right in the sight of God to obey you rather than God, judge 
you. 20 For we can not but speak the things that we have seen 
and heard. 21 And when they had farther threatened them, 
they let them go, finding nothing for which they could punish 
them, because of the people; for they all glorified God on ac- 
count of that which had been done; 22 for the man on whom 
this sign of healing had been performed was more than forty 
years old. 

23 And having been released, they went to their own, and 
told all that the chief priests and elders had said to them. 
24 And when they heard it, they lifted up their voice with one 
consent to God, and said : Lord, thou art God, who didst make 
the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all things that are 
in them ; who, by the mouth of David thy servant, didst say, 



266 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [v. 

25 Why did the heathen rage, and the people devise vain things? 
26 The kings of the land stood up, and the rulers met together 
against the Lord and against his anointed. 27 For, in truth, 
against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou didst anoint, both 
Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of 
Israel, did meet together, 2s to do whatever thy hand and thy 
counsel determined to be done. 29 And now, Lord, look upon 
their threatenings, and grant to thy servants that they may 
speak thy word with all boldness, 30 by stretching out thy hand 
to heal, that both signs and wonders may be done through the 
name of thy holy child Jesus. 

31 And when they had prayed, the place in which they were 
assembled was shaken; and they were all filled with the Holy 
Spirit, and spoke the word of God with boldness. 

32 And the multitude of believers were of one heart and of 
one soul; and no one said that any part of his possessions was 
his own; but they had all things in common. 33 And with 
great power did the apostles bear testimony to the resurrection 
of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was on them all. 34 Nor, 
indeed, was there any needy person among them; for as many 
as were owners of lands or houses, sold them, and brought the 
prices of what had been sold, 35 and laid them down at the feet 
of the apostles; and distribution was made to every one as he 
had need. 

36 And Joses, who, by the apostles, was surnamed Barnabas, 
(which name, when translated, is, Son of consolation,) a Levite, 
by birth a Cyprian, 37 having land, sold it, and brought the 
money and laid it at the feet of the apostles. 

V. - 1 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his 
wife, sold a possession, 2 and kept back part of the price, and 



v.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 267 

his wife was conscious of it ; and "he brought a certain part of 
it, and laid it at the feet of the apostles. 3 But Peter said : 
Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart, that you should at- 
tempt to deceive the Holy Spirit, and keep back part of the 
price of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, was it not 
your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your own dis- 
posal? Why have you purposed this thing in your heart? 
You have not lied to men, but to God. 5 And when Ananias 
heard these words, he fell down, and expired. And great fear 
came on all that heard these things. 6 And the young men 
arose and wound him in his mantle, and carried him out, and 
buried him. 

7 And after an interval of about three hours, his wife, not 
knowing what had been done, came in. 8 And Peter answered 
her : Tell me, did you sell the land for so much ? She replied : 
Tes; for so much. 9 But Peter said to her: Why is it that 
you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? 
Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at 
the door, and they shall carry you out. 10 And she immedi- 
ately fell down at his feet, and expired. And the young men 
came in and found her dead; and they carried her out, and 
buried her by the side of her husband. "And great fear came 
on all the church, and on all that heard these things. 

12 And many signs and wonders were done among the people 
by the hands of the apostles; (and they were all with one con- 
sent in Solomon's porch. 13 And no one of the rest durst join 
himself to them; but the people magnified them. 14 And be- 
lievers in the Lord were more and more added to them, multi- 
tudes both of men and women ;) 15 so that they brought the 
sick out along the streets, and laid them, on beds and couches, 
that even the shadow of Peter, as he passed along, might fall 



268 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [v. 

on some of them. 16 And many people of the cities round about 
came to Jerusalem, bringing the sick, and those who were 
troubled by evil spirits, all of whom were cured. 

17 But the chief priest arose, and all that were with him, 
(which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with in- 
dignation ; 18 and they laid their hands on the apostles, and put 
them in the public prison. 19 But an angel of the Lord opened 
the doors of the prison by night, and brought them out, and 
said : 20 Go, stand in the temple, and speak to the people all the 
words of this life. 21 And having heard this, they entered the 
temple, early in the morning, and taught. But the chief priest, 
and those who were with him, came and called together the 
Sanhedrim, and all the eldership of the sons of Israel, and sent 
to the prison to have them brought. 

22 But when the attendants came, and found them not in the 
prison, they returned and reported, 23 saying: We found the 
prison closed with all safety, and the guards standing before 
the doors; but when we had opened, we found no one within. 
24 When the priest and the captain of the temple and the chief 
priests heard these words, they were in doubt about them, what 
this could mean. 25 And some one came and reported to them : 
Behold, the men whom you put in prison are standing in the 
temple, and teaching the people. . 

26 Then went the captain with the attendants, and brought 
them without violence; for they feared the people, lest they 
should be stoned. 27 And when they had brought them, they 
made them stand before the Sanhedrim; and the chief priest 
asked them, 28 saying : Did we not strictly charge you not to 
teach in this name ? And behold, you have filled Jerusalem 
with your teaching, and you intend to bring this man's blood 
upon us. 



v.] ACTS OF APOSTLES, 269 

29 But Peter and the apostles answered and said : We must 
obey God rather than men. 30 The God of our fathers has 
raised up Jesus, whom you slew by hanging him on a tree: 
31 Him has G-qd exalted to his right hand to be a Prince and a 
Savior, in order to give to Israel repentance and remission of 
sins : 32 and we are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy 
Spirit also, whom God has given to them that obey him. 

33 And when they heard this, they were enraged; and they 
determined to put them to death. 34 Then arose a certain man 
iu the Sanhedrim, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a teacher of 
the law, who was honored by all the people; and he com- 
manded them to put the apostles out for a little while, 35 and 
said to them : Men of Israel, consider well with yourselves what 
you are about to do to these men. 36 For before these days 
Theudas arose, declaring himself to be some great one ; to 
whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves; 
and he was slain ; and all, as many as believed him, were scat- 
tered and brought to naught. "After this man, Judas the 
Galilean arose, in the days of the enrollment, and drew over 
many people after him ; and he was destroyed, and all, as many 
as believed him, were scattered. 38 And now I say to you, keep 
away from these men, and let them alone; for if this coun- 
sel or this work be of men, it will come to an end; 39 but if it 
is of God, you can not bring it to an end : and take heed, lest 
you be found fighting also against God. 

40 And they were persuaded by him; and when they had 
called the apostles in and scourged them, they commanded 
them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. 
41 Then, they went from the presence of the Sanhedrim, re- 
joicing that they were thought worthy to suffer shame for 
his name's sake. 42 And daily in the temple, and from house 



270 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [vi : 

to house, they ceased not to teach and to preach Jesus the 
Christ. 



VI. 1 In those days, when the disciples were increasing in 
number, there arose a nrurmuring of the Hellenists against the 
Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily 
ministration.. 2 And the twelve called the multitude of the dis- 
ciples to them, and said : It is not right that we should leave 
the word of God, and serve tables. 3 Therefore, brethren, se- 
lect from among yourselves seven men, of good report, full of 
the Holy Spirit and of wisdom, whom we may appoint over this 
business : 4 but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and 
to the ministry of the word. 

5 And the speech pleased the whole multitude ; and they chose 
Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit, and Philip 
and Prochorus and Nicanor and Timon and Parmenas, and 
Nicolas, a proselyte of Antioch, 6 whom they set before the 
apostles. And when they had prayed, they laid their hands 
on them. 

7 And the word of God increased, and the number of the dis- 
ciples in Jerusalem was greatly multiplied ; and a great multi- 
tude of the priests became obedient to the faith. 

8 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders 
and signs among the people. 9 Then there arose some who be- 
longed to the synagogue called the synagogue of the Freedmen. 
and some of the Cyrenians and Alexandrians, and of those who 
were from Cilicia and Asia, and they disputed with Stephen. 
10 And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit 
with which he spoke. n Then they instigated men to say : We 
have heard him speak impious words against Moses, and against 
God. 



vii.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 271 

12 And they excited the people, and the elders, and the scribes, 
and came upon him, and took him by violence, and brought him 
into the Sanhedrim. 13 And they brought forward false wit- 
nesses, who said : This man ceases not to speak words against 
this holy place, and the law. 14 For we have heard him say, 
that this Jesus the Nazarene will destroy this place, and will 
change the customs which Moses delivered to us. 15 And all 
that sat in the Sanhedrim, looking earnestly upon him, saw his 
face that it was like the face of an angel. 

VII. l And the chief priest said : Are these things so ? 2 He 
replied : Brethren and fathers, hear : The God of glory appeared 
to our father Abraham, while he was in Mesopotamia, before he 
dwelt in Charran, 3 and said to him : Get out from your land, 
and from your kindred, and come into a land that I will show 
you. 4 Then he departed from the land of the Chaldeans, and 
dwelt in Charran ; and thence, after his father died., he removed 
into this land, in which you now dwell. 5 And he gave him no 
inheritance in it, not a foot breadth : and yet he promised to 
give it for a possession to him, and to his posterity after him, 
when as yet he had no child. 

Cl And God spoke thus: That his posterity should sojourn in 
a strange land, and they should enslave them and afflict them, 
for four hundred years. 7 And the nation to which they shall 
be in bondage I will judge, said God ; and after that, they 
shall come forth and serve me in this place. 8 And he gave 
him the covenant of circumcision, and thus he begot Isaac, and 
circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begot Jacob, and 
Jacob begot the twelve patriarchs. 

9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into 
Egypt : but God was with him, 10 and delivered him from all his 
afflictions, and gave him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pha- 



272 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [vn. 

roah, king of Egypt : and he made him governor over Egypt, 
and his whole house. ll And there came a famine, and great 
affliction on the whole land of Egypt, and of Chanaan : and our 
fathers found no sustenance. 12 But when Jacob heard that 
there was grain in Egypt, he sent forth our fathers the first 
time : 13 and, on their second visit, Joseph made himself known 
to his brothers, and the kindred of Joseph were made known 
to Pharaoh. 14 And Joseph sent and called to him his father 
Jacob, and all his kindred, seventy -five souls. 15 And Jacob 
went down into Egypt, and died, himself and our fathers ; 1B and 
they were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulcher 
which Abraham bought for its value in silver, from the sons 
of Emmor, the father of Sychem. 

17 And as the time of the promise which God had made with 
an oath to Abraham drew near, the people increased and mul- 
tiplied in Egypt, 18 till another king arose, who knew not Jo- 
seph. 19 He dealt insidiously with our race, and afflicted our 
fathers, so that they exposed their infants, in order that they 
might not live. 

20 At which time Moses was born; and he was exceedingly 
beautiful, and was nursed three months in his father's house. 
21 But having been exposed, the daughter of Pharaoh took him 
up, and educated him as her own son. 22 And Moses was in- 
structed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty 
in words and in deeds. 23 When he had completed his fortieth 
year, it came into his heart to visit his brethren, the sons of 
Israel. 24 And seeing one of them unjustly treated, he defended 
and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian. 
25 And he supposed that his brethren would understand that, 
by his hand, God would give them salvation: but they under- 
stood not. 

26 And on the next day he showed himself to them, as they 



vn.] ACTS OE APOSTLES. 273 

were fighting, and endeavored to persuade them to peace, say- 
ing, Men, you are brothers: why do you injure one another? 

27 But he that was doing the injury to his neighbor, thrust him 
away, saying, Who made -you a ruler or a judge over us ? 

28 Do you intend to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian yester- 
day ? 29 And at that saying Moses fled, and became a resident 
in the land of Midian, where he begot two sons. 30 And when 
forty years were completed, there appeared to him, in the wil- 
derness of Mount Sinai, an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire 
in a bush. 31 When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight, 
and as he was drawing near to observe it, the voice of the Lord 
came to him : 32 1 am the God of your fathers, the God of Abra- 
ham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses 
trembled, and durst not observe it. 33 Then said the Lord to 
him: Loose your shoes from your feet; for the place in which 
you stand is holy ground. 3 *I have surely seen the affliction 
of my people who are in Egypt, and I have heard their groan- 
ing, and I have come down to deliver them; and now come, 
and I will send you into Egypt. 

35 This Moses, whom they rejected, saying, Who made you a 
ruler and a judge ? him God sent as a ruler and as a redeemer, 
by the hand of the angel that appeared to him in the bush. 
36 He brought them out, after he had performed wonders and 
signs in the land of Egypt, and at the Eed Sea, and in the 
wilderness, forty years. 37 This is that Moses, who said to the 
sons of Israel, A prophet like me will the Lord your God raise 
up for you from among your brethren; him shall you hear. 

38 This is he who was in the congregation in the wilderness 

with the angel that spoke to him in the mount Sina, and with 

our fathers ; he received the living oracles, that he might give 

them to us. 39 To him our fathers were not willing to be obe- 

18 



274 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [vn. 

dient; but they rejected him, and turned back in their hearts 
to Egypt, 40 . saying to Aaron : Make us gods that shall go be- 
fore us; for, as for this Moses, who brought us out of the land 
of Egypt, we know not what has become of him. 41 And they 
made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice to the idol, and 
rejoiced in the works of their own hands. * 2 But God turned 
and -delivered them up to serve the host of heaven, as it is 
written in the book of the prophets : Your victims and your 
sacrifices did you offer to me for forty years in the wilderness, 
house of Israel? 43 Yes, you took up the tabernacle of 
Moloch, and the star of your God Remphan, images which 
you made to worship; and I will carry you away beyond 
Babylon. 

44 The tabernacle of the testimony was with our fathers in 
the wilderness, built as he who spoke to Moses commanded him 
to build it, according to the pattern which he had seen: 
45 which our fathers, who were with Joshua, received by succes- 
sion, and brought into the land possessed by the Gentiles, whom 
God continued to drive out from the face of our fathers till the 
days of David, 4G who found favor before God, and desired to 
find a dwelling-place for the God of Jacob. 47 But Solomon 
built him a house. * 8 Yet the Most High dwells not in temples 
made with hands, as says the prophet : * 9 Heaven is my throne, 
and the earth is my footstool. What house will you build me ? 
says the Lord; or what is the place of my rest? 60 Has not 
my hand made all these things ? 

51 You stiff-necked, and uncircumcised in heart and in ears, 
you do always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so 
also do you. 52 Which of the prophets did not your fathers 
persecute? They slew also those who foretold the coming of 
the Just One, of whom you have now become the betrayers 



vin.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 275 

and murderers ; 63 who received the law by the appointment of 
angels, and have not kept it. 

64 When they heard these things, they were enraged in their 
hearts, and gnashed upon him with their teeth. 55 But being 
full of the Holy Spirit, he looked earnestly up into heaven, and 
saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of 
God; 56 and he said: Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the 
Son of man standing at the right hand of God. 

57 And they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their 
ears, and, with one consent, rushed upon him, 58 and drove him 
out of the city, and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down. 
their clothes at the feet of a young man called Saul. 59 And 
they stoned Stephen while he was calling on the Lord, and say- 
ing : Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. 60 And he kneeled down 
and cried with a loud voice: Lord, let not this sin stand 
against them. And when he had said this, he fell asleep. 
And Saul was well pleased with his death. 

VIII. T And at that time there was a great persecution 
against the church that was in Jerusalem; and they were all 
dispersed throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except 
the apostles. 2 But devout men carried Stephen to his burial, 
and made great lamentation over him. 3 But Saul attempted 
to destroy the church ; entering every house, and dragging 
men and women, he delivered them up to prison. 

*Then they that were dispersed went everywhere preaching 
the word. 5 And Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and 
preached the Christ to them. 6 And the multitudes with one 
mind gave heed to the things which were spoken by Philip, 
when they heard, and saw the signs which he did. 7 For un- 
clean spirits, crying with a loud voice, came out of many that 



276 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [vnr. 

were possessed with them, and many paralytics and lame per- 
sons were cured. 8 And there was great joy in that city. 

9 But there was a certain man, named Simon, who had, be- 
fore this time, been practicing magic in the city, and astonish- 
ing the people of Samaria, saying that he was some great one; 
10 to whom they all gave heed, from the least to the greatest, 
saying : This man is the great power of God. u And they gave 
heed to him because he had, for a long time, astonished them 
with his magic arts. ]2 But when they believed Philip, who 
preached the good news concerning the kingdom of God and 
the name of Jesus Christ, they were immersed, both men and 
women. 13 And Simon himself also believed; and after he was 
immersed, he continued with Philip ; and, seeing the mighty 
deeds and the signs which were done, he -was astonished. 

14 Now when the apostles, who were in Jerusalem, heard that 
Samaria had received the word of God, they sent to them Peter 
and John; 15 who, when they had gone down, prayed for them, 
that they might receive the Holy Spirit. 16 Por he had not yet 
fallen on any of them; only they had been immersed into the 
name of the Lord Jesus. "Then they laid their hands on 
them, and they received the Holy Spirit. 

18 And when Simon saw that the Holy Spirit was given 
through the laying on of the hands of the apostles, he offered 
them money, 19 saying: Give me, .also, this authority, that who- 
ever I shall lay my hands on, may receive the Holy Spirit. 
20 But Peter said to him : Your money perish with you, because 
you thought that the gift of God might be purchased with 
money. 21 You have neither part nor share in this matter ; for 
your heart is not right in the sight of God. 22 Eepent, there- 
fore, of this your wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the 
purpose of your heart may be forgiven you. 23 For I perceive 



vni.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 277 

that you are in the gall of bitterness, and in the Dond of in- 
iquity. 2 * But Simon answered and said: Pray you both to the 
Lord for me, that none of the things which you have spoken 
come ;ipon me. 

26 Then, when they had given their testimony, and preached 
the word of the Lord, they returned to Jerusalem, and preached 
the gospel in many villages of the Samaritans. 

26 And an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying : Arise, 
and go toward the south, to the road that leads from Jerusalem 
to Gaza; this is desert. 2T And he arose and went. And be- 
hold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under 
Candace, the queen of the Ethiopians, who had charge of all 
her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem to worship, 28 was re- 
turning, and, sitting in his chariot, read the prophet Isaiah. 

29 And the Spirit said to Philip: G-O forward and join your- 
self to this chariot. 30 And Philip ran forward, and heard him 
reading the prophet Isaiah; and he said: Do you understand 
what you are reading ? 81 He answered : How can I, unless 
some one instruct me ? And he invited Philip to come up and 
sit with him. 32 The passage of the scripture which he was 
reading, was this: As a sheep for the slaughter was he led; 
and as a lamb before his shearer is dumb, so opened he not 
his mouth 33 in his humiliation. The sentence against him was 
taken away; but who shall describe, the men of his generation? 
For his life was taken from the earth. 34 And the eunuch an- 
swered Philip, and said: I pray you, of whom speaks the 
prophet this? Of himself, or of some other man? 35 And 
Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and 
preached to him Jesus. 

36 And as they went along the road, they came to some 
water ; and the eunuch said : See, here is water ;. what hinders 



278 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [ix. 

me from being immersed? 38 And lie commanded the chariot 
to stand still; and they both went down into the water, both 
Philip and the eunuch, and he immersed him. 39 And when 
they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught 
away Philip; and the eunuch saw him no more, for he went 
on his way rejoicing. 40 But Philip was found at Azotus, and, 
passing through, he preached the gospel in all the cities, till he 
came to Osesarea. 

IX. l And Saul, still breathing out threatening and slaughter 
against the disciples of the Lord, went to the chief priest, 2 and 
asked of him letters to Damascus, for the synagogues, that, if 
he should find any who were of this persuasion, either men or 
women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. 

3 And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus; and sud- 
denly there shone round about him a light from heaven. 4 And 
when he had fallen to the earth, he heard a voice saying to 
him: Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? 5 He answered: 
Who art thou, Lord ? And the Lord said : I am Jesus, whom 
you persecute. 6 But rise, and go into the city, and it shall be 
told you what you must do. 7 The men Avho journeyed with 
him stood amazed ; for they heard a voice, but saw no one. 
8 And Saul arose from the earth, and when his eyes were 
opened, he saw no one; but they led him by the hand, and 
brought him into Damascus. 9 And he was three days without 
sight, and neither ate nor drank. 

10 Now there was a certain disciple in Damascus, named An- 
anias ; and the Lord said to him in a vision : Ananias. He 
answered : Behold me, Lord. n And the Lord said to him : 
Arise, and go into the street that is called Straight, and in- 
quire at the house of Judas for one called Saul of Tarsus : for 



ix.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 279 

behold/ he is praying; 12 and he has seen in a vision a man 
named Ananias, coming in and laying his hand on him, that 
he may receive his sight. 13 But Ananias answered : Lord, I 
have heard from many of this man, how much evil he has done 
to thy saints in Jerusalem ; 14 and here he has authority from 
the chief priests to bind all that call upon thy name. 15 But 
the Lord said to him : Gro ; for he is a vessel chosen by me to 
bear my name before nations and kings, and the sons of Israel. 
16 For I will show him what great things he must suffer for my 
name. 

"And Ananias went, and entered the house, and laying his 
hands on him, said : Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, who 
appeared to you on the road by which you came, has sent me, 
that you may receive your sight, and be filled with the Holy 
Spirit. 18 And immediately there fell from his eyes something 
like scales, and he instantly received his sight; and he arose, 
and was immersed. 19 And, having taken food, he was strength- 
ened. 

And he was with the disciples in Damascus for some days; 
20 and immediately he preached Jesus in the synagogues, that 
he is the Son of God. 21 And all that heard him were aston- 
ished, and said : Is not this he who destroyed in Jerusalem 
those that call on this name, and who has come hither for this 
purpose, that he might carry them bound to the chief priests? 

22 But Saul increased the more in strength, and confuted the 
Jews that dwelt in Damascus, proving that this is the Christ. 

23 And, after many days had passed, the Jews determined to kill 
him. 24 And their plot was made known to Saul; and they 
watched the gates day and night, that they might kill him. 
25 But the disciples took him by night, and let him down through 
the wall in a basket 



280 ACTS OF APOSTLES. ix.] 

26 And having come to Jerusalem, lie attempted to associate 
with the disciples : and they were all afraid of him, for they 
did not believe that he was a disciple. 27 But Barnabas took 
him, and brought him to the apostles, and told them how he had 
seen the Lord on the road, and that he had spoken to him, and 
how he had boldly preached in Damascus in the name of Jesus. 
28 And he was with them in Jerusalem, coming in and going 
out; and, speaking boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, 29 he 
conversed and reasoned with the Hellenists; but they under- 
took to kill him. 30 And when the brethren learned this, they 
brought him down to Csesarea, and sent him out to Tarsus. 

31 Then the churches throughout the whole of Judea and Gali- 
lee and Samaria had peace, and were edified ; and, walking in 
the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, 
they were multiplied. 

32 And it came to pass that Peter, passing through all the 
places, came down also to the saints that dwelt in Lydda. 
33 And he found there a certain man named -ZEneas, who was a 
paralytic, and had kept his bed for eight years. 3i And Peter 
said to him : JEneas, Jesus the Christ restores you to health ; 
arise, and spread your bed for yourself. And he immediately 
arose ; 35 and all that dwelt in Lydda and Saron saw him ; and 
they turned to the Lord. 

36 Now there was in Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, 
which name, when translated, is Dorcas. She was full of good 
works and deeds of charity which she did. 37 And it came to 
pass, in those clays, that she was taken sick, and died. And 
when they had washed her, they laid her in an upper room. 
38 And as Lydda was near to Joppa, the disciples, having heard 
that Peter was there, sent two men to him, requesting him to 
make no delay in coming to them. 



x.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 281 

39 Then Peter arose, and went with them; and when he had 
come, they brought him into the upper room; and all the 
widows stood by him weeping, and showing the coats and gar- 
ments that Dorcas made while she was with them. 40 But Peter 
put them all out, and kneeled down and prayed ; and turning to 
the body, he said : Tabitha, arise. And she opened her eyes ; 
and when she saw Peter, she sat up. 41 And he gave her his 
hand, and raised her up. And when he had called in the saints 
and the widows, he presented her alive. 42 And it was known 
throughout all Joppa, and many believed on the Lord. 43 And 
it came to pass, that he remained many days in Joppa with one 
Simon, a tanner. 

X. l Now there was a certain man in Csesarea, named Corne- 
lius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band, 2 a devout 
man, and one that feared God with all his house, who did many 
acts of charity to the people, and prayed to God always. 3 He 
distinctly saw, in a vision, about the ninth hour of the day, an 
angel of God coming in to him, and saying to him, Cornelius. 

4 And having looked steadily on him, he was afraid, and said : 
What is it, Lord ? He said to him : Your prayers and your 
charitable deeds have come up for a memorial before God. 
6 And now send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, who is sur- 
named Peter ; 6 he lodges with one Simon a tanner, whose house 
is by the sea. 7 When the angel who spoke to him had de- 
parted, he called two of his household servants, and a devout 
soldier, one of those who waited on him, 8 and having made 
known all things to them, he sent them to Joppa. 

9 And on the morrow, as they were going on their journey, 
and were drawing near to the city, Peter went up on the house- 
top to pray, about the sixth hour. 10 And he became very 



282 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [x. 

hungry, and desired to eat ; but while they were making ready, 
he fell into a trance ; n and he saw heaven opened, and some 
vessel, like a great sheet, descending, bound by the four corners, 
and let down to the earth. 12 In this were all kinds of four- 
footed beasts of the earth, and wild beasts and creeping things 
and birds of the air. 13 And there came a voice to him: Rise, 
Peter, kill and eat. M But Peter said : By no means, Lord ; 
for I have never eaten any thing common or unclean. 15 And 
the voice came to him again a second time : What God has 
cleansed, you must not call common. 16 This was done the third 
time; and the vessel was taken up again into, heaven. 

17 Now, while Peter was perplexed within himself about the 
meaning of the vision which he had seen, behold, the men who 
had been sent from Cornelius, having made inquiry for the 
house of Simon, stood before the gate. 18 And they called and 
asked whether Simon, who was surnamed Peter, lodged there. 
19 While Peter was thinking of the vision, the Spirit said to 
him : Behold, three men ask for you : 20 arise then, and go down, 
and go with them without hesitation, for I have sent them. 

21 And Peter came down to the men, and said : Behold, I am 
he whom you seek ; what is the cause of your coming ? 22 They 
replied : Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that fears 
God, and of good report among the whole nation of the Jews, 
was instructed by a holy angel to call you to his house, and 
to hear words from you. 23 Then he called them in, and lodged 
them. 

On the morrow he arose, and went with them; and some of 
the brethren from Joppa accompanied him. ^And on the next 
day, they entered Csssarea. And Cornelius was expecting them, 
and had called together his relatives and near friends. 2S And 
as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at 



x.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 283 

his feet, and did him homage. 26 But Peter raised him up, say- 
ing: Stand up ; I also am a man. 27 And, conversing with him ; 
he went in, and found many that had come together. 

28 And he said to them: You know that it is unlawful for a 
Jew to associate with one of another nation, or to go into his 
house. But God has showed me that I must not call any man 
common or unclean. 29 For this reason, when I was sent for, I 
came without making objection. I ask, therefore, for what pur- 
pose have you sent for me? 30 And Cornelius replied: Four days 
ago, I was fasting till this hour; and, at the ninth hour, I was 
praying in my house; and behold, a man stood before me in 
bright clothing, 31 and said : Cornelius, your prayer is heard, 
and your deeds of charity are remembered before God. 32 Send, 
therefore, to Joppa, and call for Simon, who is surnamed Peter: 
he lodges in the house of Simon a tanner, by the sea; who, 
when he comes, will speak to you. 33 Therefore, I immediately 
sent to you; and you have done well in coming. Now, there- 
fore, we are all here present before God, to hear all things that 
are given in charge to you by God. 

34 And Peter opened his mouth, and said: In truth, I perceive 
that God is no respecter of persons ; 35 but, in every nation, he 
that fears him and works righteousness is accepted by him. 
30 The word which he sent to the sons of Israel, preaching peace 
by Jesus Christ, (he is Lord of all,) 3T that word, you know, 
which was published through the Avhole of Judea, beginning 
from Galilee, after the immersion that John preached; 38 how 
God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit, and with 
power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were 
oppressed by the devil; for God was with him. 39 And we 
are witnesses of all that he did, both in the country of the 
Jews, and in Jerusalem ; whom they slew by hanging him on a 



284 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [x.. 

tree. 40 Him God raised up the third day, and caused him to 
appear, 41 not to all the people, but to witnesses who were be- 
fore appointed by God, even to us, who did eat and drink with 
him, after he rose from the dead. 

42 And he commanded us to preach to the people, and to tes- 
tify that this is he who has been appointed by God as the 
judge of the living and the dead. 43 To him all the prophets 
bear testimony, that whoever believes on him shall receive. re- 
mission of sins through his name. 

44 While Peter was speaking these things, the Holy Spirit fell 
on all that heard the word. 45 And the believers that were of 
the circumcision, as many as had come with Peter, were aston- 
ished, because on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of 
the Holy Spirit : 4G for they heard them speaking with tongues, 
and magnifying God. Then Peter answered : 47 Can any one for- 
bid the water, that these should not be immersed, who have 
received the Holy Spirit as well as we? 48 And he commanded 
them to be immersed in the name of the Lord. Then they 
besought him to remain some days. 

XI. x And the apostles and brethren that were in Judea, 
heard that the Gentiles also had received the word of God. 
2 And when Peter went up to Jerusalem, those who were of the 
circumcision contended with him, 3 saying: You went in to un- 
circumcised men, and ate with them. 

4 And Peter began, and laid the matter before them in order, 
saying : 5 1 was in the city of Joppa, praying ; and, while in a 
trance, I saw a vision, some vessel like a great sheet, descend- 
ing, let down from heaven by the four corners ; and it came 
even to me. "When I had looked attentively into it, I observed 
and saw four-footed beasts of the earth, and wild beasts and 



XL] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 285 

creeping things and birds of the air. 7 And I heard a voice 
saying to me, Rise, Peter, kill and eat. 8 But I said, By no 
means, Lord; for nothing common or unclean has ever entered 
my mouth. 9 But the voice answered me a second time from 
heaven, What God has cleansed, you must not call common. 
10 This was done the third time, and all was drawn up again 
into heaven. 

11 And behold, three men who had been sent to me from Cses- 
area, immediately came to the house where I was. 12 And the 
Spirit commanded me to go with them without hesitation. 
And these six brethren accompanied me. And we entered the 
man's house : 13 and he told us how he had seen an angel in 
his house, standing and saying to him, Send to Joppa and call 
for Simon, who is surnamed Peter; 14 he will tell you words by 
which you and all your house shall be saved. 

15 And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell on them, as 
on us at the beginning. 16 Then I remembered the word of the 
Lord, as he said, John immersed in water, but you shall be im- 
mersed in the Holy Spirit. 17 If, then, God gave them the like 
gift that he gave to us who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, 
what was I, that I could withstand God? 18 And when they 
heard these things, they ceased to contend; and they glorified 
God, saying: Then, indeed, has God given to the Gentiles also 
repentance in order to life. 

19 Now those who had been dispersed by the persecution that 
arose after the death of Stephen, traveled as far as Phenicia 
and Cyprus and Antioch, speaking the word to none but Jews. 
20 But some of them were men of Cyprus and Gyrene, who, 
when they had come to Antioch, spoke to the Grecians, preach- 
ing the Lord Jesus. 21 And the hand of the Lord was with 
them, and a great number believed, and turned to the Lord. 



286 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xn. 

22 And the report concerning them came to the ears of the 
church that was in Jerusalem; and they sent out Barnabas to 
go as far as Antioch. 23 When he had come, and had seen the 
grace of God, he rejoiced; and he exhorted them all to remain, 
with purpose of heart, faithful to the Lord. 24 For he was a 
good man, and full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a 
great multitude was added to the Lord. 

25 And Barnabas went to Tarsus, to seek for Saul ; 26 and when 
he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. And it came 
to pass, that they met together in the church for a whole year, 
and taught a great multitude; and the disciples were called 
Christians first at Antioch. 

27 In those days prophets came from Jerusalem to Antioch. 

28 And one of them, named Agabus, rose and made known, by 
the Spirit, that a great famine was about to come on the whole 
habitable land; which took place in the days of Claudius. 

29 And every one of the disciples determined, as he had the 
means, to send relief to the brethren that dwelt in Judea; 
30 which also they did; and they sent it to the elders by the 
hands of Barnabas and Saul. 

XII. 1 At that time Herod the king undertook to afflict 
some of the church. 2 And he slew with the sword James the 
brother of John. 

3 And when he saw that it pleased the Jews, he apprehended 
Peter also. Those were the days of unleavened bread. 4 And 
when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and de- 
livered him to four tetrads of soldiers to guard him, intending 
to bring him out to the people after the passover. 5 Therefore, 
Peter was kept in prison ; but fervent prayer to God was made 
for him by the church. 



XIL] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 287 

6 When Herod was about to bring him out, on that night, 
Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two 
chains; and the keepers before the doors were guarding the 
prison. 7 And behold, an angel of the Lord .stood by him, and 
a light shone in the prison. And he gently struck Peter on 
the side, and awoke him, saying: Arise quickly; and his chains 
fell from his hands. 8 And the angel said to him: Gird your- 
self, and bind on your sandals; and he did so. And he said to 
him: Throw .your mantle around you, and follow me. 9 And 
he went out, and followed him; and he knew not that what 
was done by the angel was real, but thought that he saw a 
vision. 

10 And when they had passed through the first and the second 
guard, they came to the iron gate that leads to the city, which 
opened to them of its own accord. And they went out, and 
passed on through one street; and the angel immediately de- 
parted from him. 11 And when Peter came to himself, he said: 
Now I know, in truth, that the Lord has sent his angel, and has 
delivered me from the hand of Herod, and from all that was 
expected by the Jewish people. 

12 And being aware of his condition, he came to the house of 
Mary the mother of John, who is surnamed Mark, where many 
had met together, and were praying. 13 And when he knocked 
at the door of the entrance, a maid-servant, named Rhoda, 
came to listen. 14 And recognizing Peter's voice, she did not 
open the entrance for joy, but ran in and told that Peter was 
standing before the entrance. 15 And they said to her: You 
are mad. But she confidently affirmed that it was even so. 
Then said they: It is his angel. 16 But Peter continued to 
knock ; and when they had opened the door, they saw him, and 
were astonished. 17 But, having made a sign to them with his 



288 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xra. 

nand, that they should keep silence, he made known to then? 
how the Lord had brought him out of the prison, and he said : 
Tell this to James, and to the brethren. And he went out, 
and departed to another place. 

18 And when it was day, there was no little confusion among 
the soldiers as to what had become of Peter. 19 But Herod, 
when he had sought for him, and found him not, examined the 
keepers, and commanded them to be put to death. And he 
went down from Judea to Caesarea, and there he remained. 

20 And he was intending to make war upon the Tyrians and 
Sidonians; but they came with one consent to him; and hav- 
ing made Blastus, who had charge of the king's bed-chamber, 
their friend, they asked for peace, because their country was 
supported by that of the king. 21 And on an appointed day, 
Herod, having arrayed himself in royal apparel, and seated 
himself on his throne, delivered an oration to them. 22 And 
the people shouted : It is the voice of G-od, and not of man. 
23 And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because 
he did not give Grod the glory. And having been eaten by 
worms, he expired. 

24 But the word of the Lord increased and multiplied. 25 And 
Barnabas and Saul, after they had fulfilled their ministry, re- 
turned from Jerusalem, taking with them John, whose surname 
was Mark. 



XIII. ^ow there were certain prophets and teachers in 
the church that was at Antioch ; Barnabas, and Simeon, who 
is called Niger, and Lucius of Gyrene, and Manaen, who was 
brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2 And while 
they were ministering to the Lord, and fasting, the Holy Spirit 
said : Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul, to the work to 



XIIL] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 289 

which I have called them. 3 Then, after they had fasted and 
prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away. 

4 Therefore, having been sent forth by the Holy Spirit, they 
went down to Seleucia, and thence sailed to Cyprus. 5 And while 
they were in Salamis, they preached the word of God in the 
synagogue of the Jews ; and they had John as their attendant. 

6 And having gone through the island as far as Paphos, they 
found a certain magician, a Jewish false prophet, whose name 
was Bar-jesus; 7 and he was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, 
who was a man of intelligence. This man called for Barnabas 
and Saul, and expressed an earnest wish to hear the word of 
God. 8 But the magician Elymas (for this is his name, when 
translated) withstood them, desiring to turn away the procon- 
sul from the faith. 9 Then Saul, who is also called Paul, filled 
with the Holy Spirit, and looking earnestly upon him, 10 said : 
full of all deceit and all wickedness, child of the devil, ene- 
my of all righteousness, will you not cease to pervert the right 
ways of the Lord? u And now, behold, the hand of the Lord 
is upon you, and you shall be blind, not seeing the sun for a 
season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a dark- 
ness, and he went about and sought some to lead him by the 
hand. 12 Then the proconsul, seeing what was done, believed, 
being amazed at the teaching of the Lord. 

13 And Paul and his companions put to sea from Paphos, and 
went to Perga in Pamphylia. But John withdrew from them, 
and returned to Jerusalem. 14 But having passed through from 
Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia ; and on the sabbath-day 
they went into the synagogue, and sat down. ' 15 After the read- 
ing of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue 
sent to them, saying : Brethren, if you have a word of exhor- 
tation for the people, speak. 
19 



290 ACTS OP APOSTLES. 

16 Then Paul arose, and waving his hand, said : Men of Is- 
rael, and you who fear God, give audience. "The God of 
this people chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they 
sojourned in the land of Egypt, and with an uplifted arm he 
brought them out from it. 18 And for about forty years, he 
cherished them in the wilderness. 19 And when he had de- 
stroyed seven nations in the land of Ghanaan, he divided their 
land among them by lot. 20 And after that he gave them judges, 
for about four hundred and fifty years, till Samuel the prophet. 

21 And afterward they asked for a king, and God gave them 
Saul the son of Kis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty 
years. 22 And when he. had removed him, he raised up David 
to be their king ; to whom he gave this testimony : I have found 
David the son of Jesse a man after my own heart, who will do 
all my will. ^From the posterity of this man, God, according 
to his promise, raised up for Israel a Savior, Jesus; ^John 
having first preached, before his coming, the immersion of re- 
pentance to all the people of Israel. 

25 And as John was finishing his course, he said : Who do you 
suppose that I am ? I am not he ; but behold, there is coming 
after me one, the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to 
loose. 26 Brethren, sons of the family of Abraham, and those 
among you who fear God, to you is the word of this salvation 
sent. 27 For those who dwell in Jerusalem, and their rulers, be- 
cause they did not know him, nor the words of the prophets, 
which are read every sabbath-day, have fulfilled them in con- 
demning him. 28 And though they found no cause of death, yet 
they demanded of Pilate that he should be slain. 29 And when 
they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him 
down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulcher. 30 But God 
raised him from the dead. 31 And he was seen for many days 



xiii.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 291 

by those who came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who 
are his witnesses to the people. 

32 And we preach to you good news concerning the promise 
made to our fathers, 33 that God has fulfilled the same to us, 
their children, by raising up Jesus, as it is written in the sec- 
ond Psalm : Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. 
M But that he raised him from the dead, no more to return to 
corruption, he has spoken thus : I will give you the sure mercies 
of David. 35 For which reason he says also in another Psalm: 
Thou wilt not suffer thy Holy One to see corruption. 36 For 
David, after serving the purpose of God in his own generation, 
fell asleep, and was laid with his fathers, and saw corruption. 
37 But he whom God raised up did not see corruption. 

38 Be it known to you, therefore, brethren, that through" this 
man is preached to you the remission of sins : 39 and by him, 
every one that believes is justified from all things, from which 
you could not be justified by the law of Moses. 40 Take heed, 
therefore, lest that which is spoken in the prophets come upon 
you : 41 Behold, you despisers, and wonder, and perish. For I 
work a work in your days, a work which you will not believe, 
though one fully declare it to you. 

42 And as they were departing from the synagogue, they were 
requested to speak these things to them on the next sabbath. 
43 Now, after the congregation was dismissed, many of the Jews 
and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who spoke 
to them, and persuaded them to continue faithful to the grace 
of God. 4 *And on the next sabbath-day, almost the whole city 
met together to hear the word of God. 

40 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled 
with envy, and spoke against those things which were spoken 
by Paul, contradicting and reviling. 4e But Paul and Barnabas, 



292 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xiv. 

speaking boldly, said : It was necessary that the word of God 
should be spoken to you first : but since you reject it, and 
judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, lo ! we turn * the 
Gentiles. * 7 For thus has the Lord given us commandment : 
I have placed thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest 
be for salvation to the most distant part of the earth. 

48 When the Gentiles heard this they rejoiced, and glorified the 
Word of the Lord ; and as many as were disposed for eternal 
life, believed. 49 And the word of the Lord was published 
throughout the whole of that region. 50 But the Jews incited 
the devout and influential women, and the first men of the 
city, and raised a persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and 
expelled them from their borders?. 51 But they shook off the 
dust from their feet against them, and went to Iconium. 52 And 
the disciples were filled with joy and the Holy Spirit. 

XIV. 1 And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went to- 
gether into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spoke that a 
great multitude of the Jews and Greeks believed. 2 But the un- 
believing Jews excited and embittered the minds of the Gentiles 
against the brethren. 3 Therefore, they continued a long time, 
and spoke boldly in the Lord, who gave testimony to the word 
of his grace, by granting signs and wonders to be done by their 
hands. 

4 But the multitude of the city were divided; and some were 
with the Jews, and some with the apostles. 6 But when there 
was a violent purpose on the part of the Gentiles and of the 
Jews, with their rulers, to outrage and to stone them, 6 being 
aware of it, they fled to the cities of Lycaonia, Lystra, and 
Derbe, and to the region round about, 7 and there they preached 
the gospel. 



xiv.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 293 

8 And there was a certain man in Lystra, without strength in 
his feet, who sat, for he was a cripple from his mother's womb, 
and had never walked. 9 This man heard Paul speak, who, look- 
ing earnestly on him, and seeing that he had faith to be saved, 
10 said, with a loud voice : Stand erect upon your feet. And he 
leaped and walked. n When the multitude saw what Paul had 
done, they lifted up their voice, and said, in the Lycaonian lan- 
guage : The Gods have come down to us in the likeness of men. 
12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter, and Paul, Mercury, for he 
was the chief speaker. 

13 Then the priest of Jupiter, whose temple was before the 
city, having brought bulls and garlands to the entrance, in- 
tended to offer sacrifice, with the multitudes. "But when the 
apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of it, they rent their clothes, 
and ran in among the multitude, crying out, 15 and saying : 
Men, why are you doing these things? We also are human 
beings, with passions like your own, and we preach the gospel 
to you, that you may turn from these vanities to the living 
God, who made the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and all 
things that are in them; 1B who, in past generations, permitted 
all the nations to walk in their own ways; 17 and yet he did 
not leave himself without testimony, doing good, and giving 
you rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling your hearts 
with food and gladness. 18 And with these words they hardly 
restrained the multitudes from offering sacrifice to them. 

19 Then came thither, from Antioch and Iconium, Jews, who 
persuaded the multitudes; and having stoned Paul, they drag- 
ged him out of the city, supposing that he was dead. ^But 
while the disciples were standing around him, he arose, and 
went into the city. 

And on the next day, he departed with Barnabas to Derbe; 
21 and when they .had preached the gospel to that city, and had 



294 AOTS OF APOSTLES. [xv. 

made many disciples, they returned to Lystra, and to Iconium, 
and to Antioch, 22 strengthening the souls of the disciples, ex- 
horting them to continue in the faith, and saying, that through 
many afflictions we must enter the kingdom of God. 23 And 
when they had appointed elders for them in every church, with 
prayer and fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom 
they believed. ^And having passed through Pisidia, they 
came into Pamphylia ; 25 and when they had preached the word 
in Perga, they went down to Attalia : 2B thence they sailed to 
Antioch, from which place they had been commended to the 
grace of God, for the work which they had accomplished. 

2T And having come and called together the church, they re- 
ported all that God had done with, them, and that he had opened 
the door of faith to the Gentiles. ^And they continued a long 
time with the disciples. 



XV. -"^And certain men came down from Judea, and taught 
the brethren, saying : Unless you be circumcised, according tc 
the custom of Moses, you can not be saved. 2 Therefore, aftei 
Paul and Barnabas had no little dissension and disputation with 
them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain 
others from among them, should go up to Jerusalem, to thf 
apostles and elders, about this question. 3 Being, therefore, con 
ducted on their journey by the church, they passed througl 
Phenicia and Samaria, making known the conversion of the 
Gentiles; and they gave great joy to all the brethren. *When 
.they arrived at Jerusalem, they were received by the church, 
and the apostles and elders, and they declared all that God had 
done with them. 5 But some of the sect of the Pharisees, who 
believed, arose, saying, that it was necessary to circumcise 
them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses. 

6 And the apostles and elders came together to deliberate 



xv.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 295 

about this matter. 7 And after there had been much disputing, 
Peter arose, and said to them : Brethren, you know that, at the 
beginning, God made choice among us, that, by my mouth, the 
Gentiles should hear the word of the Gospel, and believe. 8 And 
God, who knows the heart, became a witness for them, by giv- 
ing them the Holy Spirit, as he gave it also to us; 9 and he 
made no distinction between us and them, purifying their hearts 
by faith. 10 Now, therefore, why do you put God to the proof, 
by placing a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither 
our fathers, nor we ourselves, were able to bear? H But we 
believe that we shall be saved, even as they, through the grace 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

12 Then all the multitude kept silence, and listened to Barna- 
bas and Paul, while they made known what signs and wonders 
God had done by them among the Gentiles. 

13 And after they were silent, James answered and said: 
Brethren, hear me ; M Simeon has declared how God, at the 
first, did visit the Gentiles, in order to take out from among 
them a people for his name. 15 And with this agree the words 
of the prophets ; as it is written, 16 After this I will return, 
and build again the tabernacle of David which has fallen down; 
and I will build again its ruins, and I will set it up ; 17 that 
the rest of men may seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, 
upon whom my name has been called, says the Lord, who does all 
these things. 18 Known to God from eternity are all his works. 

19 For these reasons, my judgment is, that we give no trouble 
to those who, from among the Gentiles, have turned to God; 

20 but that we write to them to abstain from pollutions of idols, 
and from lewdness, and from what is strangled, and from blood. 

21 For, from ancient times, Moses has, in every city, those who 
preach him, being read in the synagogue every sabbath-day. 



296 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xv. 

22 Then it pleased the apostles and the elders, with the whole 
church, to send to Antioch, with Paul and Barnabas, chosen 
men from among themselves; Judas, who was surnamed Barsa- 
bas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren ; 23 and they wrote 
by their hands as follows : 

The apostles, and the elders, and the brethren, to the breth- 
ren of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Oilicia, greeting : 
24 Inasmuch as we have heard that certain persons went out 
from us and troubled you with words, subverting your souls, 
saying, That you must be circumcised, and keep the law, to 
whom we gave no commandment, ^it has seemed good to us, 
having come together with one mind, to send chosen men to 
you, with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, 26 men who have en- 
dangered their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
27 We have sent, therefore, Judas and Silas, who will tell you 
the same things in word. 28 Por it has seemed good to the 
Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than 
these necessary things : 29 That you abstain from things sacri- 
ficed to idols, and from blood, and from what is strangled, and 
from lewdness ; from which if you keep yourselves carefully, 
you will do well. Farewell. 

30 So when these men were dismissed, they came to Antioch : 
and having assembled the multitude, they delivered this letter. 
31 When they had read it, they rejoiced for the consolation which 
it gave. 32 And Judas and Silas, who were also prophets, ex- 
horted the brethren with many words, and strengthened them. 
33 And after spending some time, they were dismissed in peace 
from the brethren, to those who had sent them. 34 But it 
pleased Silas to remain there. 35 Paul also and Barnabas con- 
tinued in Antioch, teaching and preaching, with many others, 
the word of the Lord. 



XVL] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 297 

36 And, after some days, Paul said to Barnabas, let us return, 
and visit our brethren in every city in which we have preached 
the word of the Lord, and see how they do. 37 And Barnabas 
determined to take with him John, whose surname was Mark. 
38 But Paul did not think it proper to take with them him who 
had departed from them from Pamphylia, and did not go with 
them to the work. 39 There was, therefore, a sharp contention, 
so that they separated from each other: and Barnabas took 
Mark, and sailed to Cyprus. 40 But Paul chose Silas, and de- 
parted, having been commended to the grace of God by the 
brethren. 41 And he passed through Syria and Oilicia, strength- 
ening the churches. 

XVI. 1 And he came to Derbe and Lystra; and behold, a 
certain disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewess, 
who was a believer; but his father was a Greek. 2 A good re- 
port was given of him by the brethren in Lystra and Iconium. 
3 This man Paul wished to go with him : and he took him and 
circumcised him, on account of the Jews that were in those 
places : for they all knew that his father was a Greek. * And 
as they went through the cities, they delivered to them the 
decrees that had been resolved on by the apostles and elders 
at Jerusalem, that they might keep them. 5 Therefore, the 
churches were established in the faith, and they increased in 
number daily. 

6 When they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of 
Galatia, being forbidden by the Holy Spirit to preach the word 
in Asia, 7 and had come to Mysia, they attempted to go into 
Bithynia ; and the Spirit did not permit them. 8 But having 
passed by Mysia, they came down to Troas. 9 And, during the 
night, a vision appeared to Paul. A certain man of Macedo- 



298 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xvi. 

nia stood and besought him, saying : Come over to Macedonia 
and help us. 10 After he had seen the vision, we immediately 
endeavored to go into Macedonia, concluding that the Lord had 
called us to preach the gospel to them. 

11 Therefore, setting sail from Troas, we came by a straight 
course to Samothracia, and, on the following day, to ISTeapolis, 
12 and thence to Philippi, which is the first city of that part 
of Macedonia, and a colony. We remained in that city some 
days : 13 and on the sabbath-day we went out of the city to the 
side of a river, where, as usual, was the house of prayer ; and 
we sat down and spoke to the women who had come together. 

14 And a certain woman, named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the 
city of Thyatira, who worshiped Grod, heard ; whose heart the 
Lord opened to attend to the things that were spoken by Paul. 

15 And when she and her household had been immersed, she be- 
sought us, saying: If you judge me to be faithful to the Lord, 
come into my house, and make it your home. And she con- 
strained us. 

10 And it came to pass, that as we were going to the house of 
prayer, there met us a certain maid-servant that had a spirit 
of Python, who brought much gain to her masters, by giving 
responses. 17 She followed Paul and us, and cried out, saying : 
These men are the servants of the most High God, who show 
us the way of salvation. 18 And this she continued to do for 
many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the 
spirit : I command you, in the name of Jesus Christ, to come 
out of her. And it came out that very hour. 

19 And when her masters saw that the hope of their gain was 
gone, they seized Paul and Silas, and dragged them into the 
market to the rulers. 20 And having brought them to the mag- 
istrates, they said : These men, who are Jews, do greatly trouble 



XVL] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 299 

our city; 21 and they teach, customs which it is not lawful for 
us, who are Romans, to receive or to observe. 22 And the mul- 
titude rose up together against them; and the magistrates 
stripped off their clothes, and gave command to beat them 
with rods. 23 And when they had laid many stripes on them, 
they threw them into prison, and charged the jailer to keep 
them securely. 24 And having received such a charge, he put 
them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the 
stocks. 

25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sung a hymn 
to God; and the prisoners were listening to them. 26 And sud- 
denly there was a great earthquake, so that the foiindations of 
the prison were shaken; and immediately all the doors were 
opened, and every one's bonds were loosed. 27 And the jailer, 
being aroused from sleep, and seeing the doors of the prison 
open, drew his sword, and was about to kill himself, supposing 
that the prisoners had fled. 28 But Paul called out with a loud 
voice, saying : Do yourself no harm, for we are all here. 

29 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and trembling, 
he fell down before Paul and Silas ; 30 and, having brought them 
out, he said : Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? 31 They re- 
plied: Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you and your 
house shall be saved. 32 And they spoke the word of the Lord 
to him, and to all that were in his house. 33 And he took them 
at that hour of the night, and washed the blood from their 
stripes ; and he was immersed, himself and all his, immediately. 
34 And he brought them into his house, and set food before them, 
and rejoiced, believing in God, with all his house. 

35 But when it was day, the magistrates sent the lictors, say- 
ing : Release those men. 3G And the jailer told these words to 
Paul : The magistrates have sent to release you. Now, there- 



300 . ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xvn. 

fore, come out, and go in peace. 37 But Paul said to them: 
Having publicly scourged us uucondemned, us who are Eomans, 
they threw us into prison : and do they now put us out secretly ? 
No, verily : but let them come and lead us out. 38 And the lie- 
tors told these words to the magistrates : and they were alarmed 
when they heard that they were Romans ; 39 and they came, and 
entreated them, and led them out, and requested them to depart 
from the city. 40 And having come out of the prison, they went 
into the house of Lydia ; and when they had seen the brethren, 
they comforted them, and departed. 

XVII. x And when they had passed through Amphipolis and 
Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a syna- 
gogue of the Jews. 2 And Paul, according to his custom, went 
in to them, and, for three sabbath-days, he reasoned with them 
from the Scriptures, 3 explaining and affirming that it was neces- 
sary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead ; and that 
this Jesus whom I preach to you is the Christ. 4 And some of 
them believed, and associated themselves with Paul and Silas ; of 
the devout Greeks, a great multitude, and of the chief women, 
not a few. 

5 But the unbelieving Jews, taking with them some evil men, 
who were loungers about the markets, and collecting a mob, set 
the city in an uproar; and having assaulted the house of Jason, 
they sought to bring them out to the people. 6 But not finding 
them, they dragged Jason and certain brethren before the rulers 
of the city, crying out : These men, who have thrown the world 
into confusion, have come hither also ; 7 whom Jason has received 
into his house : and they all act in opposition to the decrees of 
Csesar, saying, That there is another king, Jesus. 8 And the 
multitude, and the rulers of the city, were troubled when they 



xvn.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 30.3 

heard these things. 9 And they took security of Jason, and of 
the others, and let them go. 

10 And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by 
night to Berea; and when they had come, they went into the 
synagogue of the Jews. n These were of a better disposition 
than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with 
all readiness of mind, examining the Scriptures daily, whether 
these things were so. 12 Therefore, many of them believed ; both 
of influential women, who were Greeks, and of men, not a few. 
13 But when the Jews of Thessalonica learned that the word of 
God was preached by Paul in Berea also, they came thither, and 
excited the multitude. 14 Then the brethren immediately sent 
Paul away, to go as if to the sea; but Silas and Timothy re- 
mained there. 15 And those who conducted Paul brought him 
to Athens : and having received a commandment for Silas and 
Timothy, that they should come to him as soon as possible, they 
departed. 

16 Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit 
was stirred within him, when he saw the city full of idols. 
"Accordingly, he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and 
devout persons, and in the market daily, with those who chanced 
to meet him. 18 And some of the Epicurean and Stoic philoso- 
phers disputed with him ; and some said : What can this babbler 
possibly wish to say ? Others said : He seems to be a pro- 
claimer of strange demons : for he preached to them Jesus and 
the Resurrection. 19 And they took him, and brought him to 
Mars' hill, saying : Are we able to understand what this new 
teaching is, which is announced by you? 20 For you bring some 
strange things to our ears: we wish to understand then what 
these things mean. 21 For all the Athenians and resident 
strangers have leisure for nothing else than to tell or to hear 
some new thing. 



302 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xvn. 

22 Then Paul stood in the midst of Mars' Mil, and said : Men 
of Athens, I perceive that in all respects your reverence for de- 
mons excels that of other men. 23 For as I was passing through, 
and looting attentively at the objects of your worship, I dis- 
covered also an altar with this inscription: TO THE UN- 
KNOWN GOD. "Whom therefore you ignorantly worship, him 
I make known to you. ^God, who made the world, and all 
things that are in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, dwells 
not in 'temples made with hands; 25 nor is he ministered to by 
the hands of men, as if he needed any thing : for he himself 
gives to all life, and breath, and all things : 28 and he has made 
from one blood every nation of men, that they might dwell on 
all the face of the earth, having marked out their appointed 
times, and the bounds of their dwelling : 27 that they might seek 
for God, if perhaps they would feel after him, and find him, al- 
though, indeed, he is not far from every one of us. 28 Por in 
him we live, and move, and have our being: as also some of 
your own poets have said : For we his offspring are. 

29 Therefore, being the offspring of God, we ought not to think 
that the Godhood is like gold, or silver, or stone, sculptured by 
art and the device of man. 30 Yet the times of this ignorance 
God overlooked ; but now, he commands all men everywhere to 
repent : 31 because he has appointed a day in which he will judge 
the world in righteousness, by the man whom he has chosen, 
giving to all assurance of this, by having raised him from the 
dead. 

32 And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some 
mocked; others said: We will hear you again concerning this 
matter. 33 And so Paul departed from among them. 34 But cer- 
tain men associated with him, and believed; among whom was 
Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and 
others with them. 



xvin.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 303 

XVIII. * After these things, Paul departed from Athens, and 
came to Corinth; 2 and finding a certain Jew named Aquila, 
born in Pontus, who had lately come from Italy, with Priscilla 
his wife, because Claudius had commanded all Jews 'to depart 
from Borne, he went to them ; 3 and because he was of the same 
trade, he made his home with them, and worked : for by trade 
they were tent-makers. * But on every sabbath, he reasoned in 
the synagogue, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. 5 And 
when Silas and Timothy came from Macedonia, Paul was roused 
in spirit, and earnestly testified to the Jews, that the Christ was 
Jesus. 

6 But when they set themselves in opposition, and reviled, he 
shook his clothing, and said to them : Your blood be upon your 
own head ; I am clean. Henceforth I will go to the Gentiles. 
7 And he departed thence, and went into the house of a certain 
man named Justus, who worshiped God, -and whose house joined 
the synagogue. 8 But Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, be- 
lieved on the Lord, with all his house; and many of the Cor- 
inthians hearing, believed, and were immersed. 9 And the Lord 
spoke to Paul by a vision in the night : Fear not ; but speak, 
and be not silent ; 10 for I am with you, and no one shall make 
an assault upon you, to injure you ; for I have many people in 
this city. n And he remained, there a year and six months, 
teaching the word of God among them 

12 But while Gallic was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews, with 
one mind, suddenly came upon Paul, and brought him to the 
judgment-seat, 13 saying : This man persuades men to worship 
God contrary to the law. 14 But when Paul was about to open 
his month, Gallio said to the Jews : If it were a matter of in- 
justice, or of wicked mischief, Jews, I would, with reason, 
bear with you: 15 but if it is a question about a word, and 



304 AOTS OF APOSTLES. [xvm. 

names, and your law, see to it yourselves: for I will not be a 
judge of these things. 16 And he drove them from the judg- 
ment-seat. 17 And all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the ruler of 
the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment-seat. And 
G-allio cared for none of these things. 

18 And Paul, having remained many days longer, took leave 
of the brethren, and sailed to Syria, and with him Priscilla and 
Aquila, having shorn his head in Oenchrea; for he had a vow. 
19 And he came to Ephesus, and left them there; but he him- 
self went into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. 
20 And though they besought him to remain with them a longer 
time, he did not consent, Z1 but took leave of them, saying : I 
must, by all means, keep this coming feast in Jerusalem : but I 
will return to you, if Grod be willing. And he sailed from Eph- 
esus, 22 and having landed at Ceesarea, and gone up and saluted 
the church, he went down to Antioch. 23 And having spent 
some time there, he departed, and went through the region of 
Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples. 

24 And a certain Jew, named Apollos, an Alexandrian by birth, 
an eloquent man, and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. 
25 He was instructed in the way of the Lord ; and, being fervent 
in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord, 
knowing only the immersion of John. 26 And he began to speak 
boldly in the synagogue. But when Aquila and Priscilla heard 
him, they took him, and taught him the way of G-od more 
accurately. 2T And when he wished to pass into Achaia, the 
brethren, exhorting him, wrote to the disciples to receive him. 
And when he had come, he gave much help to the believers, 
through the grace conferred on him. 28 For, with great strength, 
he utterly confounded the Jews publicly, showing, by the Scrip- 
tures, that the Christ was Jesus. 



xix.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 305 

XIX. x And it came to pass, while Apollos was . at Corinth, 
that Paul, after passing through the upper districts, came to 
Bphesus, and finding certain disciples, 2 said to them : Have 
you received the Holy Spirit since you believed? They said 
to him: We have not only not received it, but we have not even 
heard .whether the Holy Spirit is given. 3 And he said to 
them : Into what, then, were you immersed ? They replied : 
Into John's immersion. 4 And Paul said : John immersed with 
the immersion of repentance, saying to the people, that they 
must believe on him who should come after him, that is, on the 
Christ, Jesus. B And when they heard this, they were immersed 
into the name of the Lord Jesus! 6 And when Paul laid his hands 
on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with 
tongues, and prophesied. 7 And all the men were about twelve. 

8 And he entered the synagogue, and spoke boldly, reasoning, 
and persuading them for three months, with respect to the 
things of the kingdom of God. 9 But as some were hardened, 
and did not believe, and spoke evil of that way before the mul- 
titude, he withdrew from them, and separated the disciples, and 
discoursed daily in the school of one Tyrannus. 10 This con- 
tinued for two years ; so that all that dwelt in Asia heard the 
word of the Lord, both Jews and Greeks. n Mighty deeds, also, 
that were unusual, did God perform by the hands of Paul ; 12 so 
that handkerchiefs or aprons were carried from his body to the 
sick, and diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits came 
out of them. 

13 And some of the roving Jews, who were exorcists, under- 
took to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who 
had evil spirits, saying : I adjure you by the Jesus whom Paul 
preaches. 14 And there were seven sons of Sceva, a Jewish 
chief priest, who did this. 15 But the evil spirit answered and 
20 



306 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xix. 

said : Jesus I acknowledge, and Paul I know ; but who are you? 
16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was, leaped on them, and 
overpowered them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled 
from that house, naked and wounded. 17 And this became known 
to all the Greeks and Jews that dwelt in Ephesus ; and fear fell 
upon them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified. 
18 And many of those who believed came and confessed, and 
made known their practices. 19 And many of those who prac- 
ticed magic, brought together their books, and burned them, in 
the presence of all. And they computed their value, and found 
it fifty thousand pieces of silver. 20 So mightily did the word 
of the Lord grow and prevail. 

21 When these things had been accomplished, Paul purposed 
in spirit to go to Jerusalem, after he should pass through Ma- 
cedonia and Achaia, saying: After I have been there, I must 
see Rome also. 22 So, having sent into Macedonia two of those 
who ministered to him, Timothy and Erastus, he remained for 
a time in Asia. 

23 And at that time there was no little excitement about that 
way. M For a certain man, named Demetrius, a silversmith, by 
making silver shrines for Diana, furnished no little trade to the 
artists. 25 These he called together, with the workmen em- 
ployed about such things, and said: Men, you know that our 
wealth arises from this trade : 26 and you see and hear, that not 
only at Ephesus, but throughout almost the whole of Asia, this 
Paul, by his persuasions, has drawn away a great multitude, 
saying, that they which are made with hands are not gods. 
2T Now there is danger, not only that this our calling will come 
into disgrace, but that the temple of the great goddess Diana 
will be despised, and that the majesty of her whom all Asia 
and the world worships, will be destroyed. 



xix.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 307 

28 When they heard this, they were full of anger, and cried 
out, saying: Great is Diana of the Ephesians! 29 And the 
whole city was filled with confusion. And they seized Gaiua 
and Aristarchus, who were Macedonians, Paul's fellow-travelers, 
and, with one consent, rushed into the theater. 30 And when 
Paul wished to go in among the people, the disciples did not 
permit him. 31 Some of the Asiarchs also, who were friendly to 
him, sent to him, and besought him not to trust himself into the 
theater. 32 Some, therefore, were crying one thing, and some 
another : for the assembly was confused, and the greater part 
knew not for what they had come together. 33 And some of 
the multitude put Alexander forward, the Jews urging him on. 
And Alexander waved his hand, and wished to make a defense 
to the people. 34 But perceiving that he was a Jew, they all 
cried out, with one voice, for about two hours : Great is Diana 
of the Ephesians. 

35 But the town-clerk quieted the multitude, and said : Men 
of Ephesus, what man is there who does not know that the city 
of the Ephesians is a worshiper of the great Diana, and of the 
image that fell down from Jupiter? 36 As these things, then, 
can not be contradicted, you ought to be quiet, and do noth- 
ing rashly. 37 For you have brought these men here, who 
are neither robbers of temples, nor revilers of your goddess. 
38 Therefore, if Demetrius, and the artists who are with him, 
have a charge against any one, the courts are in session, and 
the proconsuls are there ; let them accuse each other. 39 But if 
you have any inquiries to make about other matters, it shall be 
determined in a lawful assembly. 40 For we are in danger of 
being called to answer for this day's tumult, since there is no 
cause by which we shall be able to account for this concourse. 
41 And when he had said these things, he dismissed the assembly. 



308 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xx. 

XX. 1 After the tumult had ceased, Paul called the disciples 
to him, and bade them farewell, and departed, in order to go into 
Macedonia. 2 And when he had gone through those regions, 
and had exhorted them with many words, he came into Greece. 
3 And having remained there three months, he determined to re- 
turn through Macedonia, hecause a plot had been laid for him 
by the Jews, as he was about to sail to Syria. *And Sopater 
of Berea, and Aristarchus and Secundus of Thessalonica, and 
Gains of Derbe, and Timothy and Tychicus and Trophimus, who 
were Asiatics, accompanied him to Asia. 5 These went before, 
and waited for us at Troas. 6 But we sailed from Philippi, after 
the days of unleavened bread, and came to them at Troas in 
five days, where we remained seven days. 

7 And on' the first day of the week, when the disciples came 
together to break bread, Paul discoursed to them, intending to 
depart on the morrow; and he continued his speech till mid- 
night. 8 And there were many lamps in the upper room, in 
which they had met together. 9 And a certain young man, 
named Eutychus, was sitting in the window, overpowered with 
deep sleep: and, as Paul was discoursing a long time, being- 
oppressed with sleep, he fell from the third story, and was 
taken up dead. 10 But Paul went down, and fell upon him, and 
embracing him, said : Be riot troubled, for his life is in him. 
11 And he went up again, and broke bread, and ate; and having 
conversed a long time, till daylight, he thus departed. 12 And 
they brought the young man alive, and were not a little com- 
forted. 

13 And we went on before to the ship, and put to sea for As- 
sos, intending to take Paul on board at that place ; for he had 
so directed, intending to go himself on foot. 14 And when he 
met us at Assos, we took him on board, and came to Mitylene ; 



xx.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 309 

15 and sailing from that place, we came, on the following day, 
opposite to Chios ; and, on the next day, we arrived at Samos : 
and after stopping at Trogyllium, we came, on the next day, to 
Miletus. 1(! For Paul had determined to sail past Ephesus, that 
he might not spend time in Asia; for he hastened, that, if it 
were possible for him, he might be in Jerusalem on the day of 
Pentecost. 

"From Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of 
the church. 18 And when they had come to him, he said to 
them : You know, from the first day on which I came into Asia, 
how I was with you during the whole time, 10 serving the 
Lord with all lowliness of mind, and with tears, and with trials, 
which came upon me through the plots of the Tews; ^and 
that I kept back nothing that was profitable, but preached to 
you, and taught you both publicly, and from house to house, 
21 bearing full testimony both to Jews and to Greeks, of the 
repentance toward God, and of the faith, toward our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

22 And now, behold, I am going, bound in spirit, to Jerusalem, 
not knowing what shall befall me there, 23 except that in every 
city the Holy Spirit testifies to me, saying, That bonds and af- 
flictions await me. 2i But I esteem this a matter of no import- 
ance, nor do I hold my life dear to myself, so that I may finish 
my course with joy, and the ministry that I have received from 
the Lord Jesus, to bear full testimony to the gospel of the grace 
of God. 25 And now, behold, I know that you all, among whom 
I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, will see my face 
no more. 2G For this reason I solemnly affirm to you this day, 
that I am clean from the blood of all men. 2T For I did not 
shun to declare to you the whole counsel of God. 

?8 Therefore, take heed to yourselves, and to all the flock over 



ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xxi. 

which, the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, that you be 
shepherds to the church of God, which he has purchased with 
his own blood. 29 For I know this, that, after my departure, 
rapacious wolves will enter in among you, who will not spare 
the flock ; 30 and men will arise from among yourselves, speak- 
ing perverse things, that they may draw off disciples after them. 

31 Therefore watch, remembering that for three years, by day 
and by night, I ceased not to warn every one of you with tears. 

32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word 
of his grace; to Him who is able to build you up, and to give 
you an inheritance among all the sanctified. ^ I have coveted 
no man's silver, or gold, or apparel. 3i Tou yourselves know 
that these hands ministered to my necessities, and to those 
W"ho were with me. 35 In all things I taught you by example, 
that by thus laboring, you ought to support the weak, and to 
remember the words of the Lord Jesus ; for he himself said, It 
is more blessed to give than to receive; 

36 And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down and prayed 
with them all. 37 And they all wept much, and fell on Paul's 
neck, and kissed him, 38 grieving most of all for the word he 
had spoken, that they would see his face no more. And they 
conducted him to the ship. 

XXI. *And it came to pass that, after we had separated from 
them, we put to sea, and came by a straight course to Cos, and 
on the following day, to Ehodes, and thence to Patara. 2 And 
finding a ship that was going to Phenicia, we embarked, and 
put to sea. 3 And we came in view of Cyprus; and, leaving it 
to the left, we sailed to Syria, and landed at Tyre : for there 
the ship was to put off her lading. 4 And we remained there 
seven days, after finding the disciples. These urged Paul, by 



xxi.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. . 311 

the Spirit, not to go up to Jerusalem. 5 And when these days 
were completed, we went forth, and continued our journey, they 
all, with their wives and children, conducting us out of the 
city: and we kneeled down on the shore, and prayed. 6 And 
when we had bid each other farewell, we embarked, and they 
returned home. 

7 And completing the voyage from Tyre, we arrived at Ptole- 
mais : and having saluted the brethren, we remained with them 
one day. 8 On the following day we departed, and came to Gses- 
area, and went into the house of Philip the evangelist, who 
was one of the seven ; and we remained with him. 9 This man 
had four virgin daughters, who had the gift of prophesy. 

10 And as we remained there many days, there came down, 
from Judea, a certain prophet, named Agabus ; n and he came 
to us, and taking Paul's girdle, he bound his own hands and 
feet, and said : Thus says the Holy Spirit ; the Jews that are 
in Jerusalem will so bind the man to whom this girdle belongs; 
and they will deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles. 12 And 
when we heard these things, we, and those of that place also, 
besought him not to go up to Jerusalem. 13 But Paul answered : 
What do you effect by weeping, and breaking my heart? For 
I am ready, not only to be bound, but also to suffer death in 
Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord Jesus. 14 And as he would 
not be persuaded, we kept silence, and said : The will of the 
Lord be done. 

15 And after these days we prepared for our journey, and went' 
up to Jerusalem. 10 There went with us also some of the dis- 
ciples from Osesarea, who took with them, Mnason of Cyprus, 
an old disciple, with whom we should lodge. 

17 And when we came to Jerusalem, the brethren received us 
gladly. 18 And, on the following day, Paul went in with us to 



312 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [XXL 

James, and all the elders were present. 19 And when he had 
saluted them, he related, in every particular, the things which 
God had done among the Gentiles by his ministry. 

20 And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord, and said 
to him : You see, brother, how many myriads of the Jews there 
are that believe, and they are all zealous for the law. 21 And 
they have heard it reported of you, that you teach all the Jews 
that are among the Gentiles to apostatize from Moses; com- 
manding them not to circumcise their children, nor to walk 
according to the customs. 22 What, then, is to be done ? A mul- 
titude must certainly come together; for they will hear that 
you have come. 23 Do, therefore, this which we advise you. 
We have four men who have a vow on them. 24 Take them, and 
join with them in their vow of abstinence, and pay their ex- 
penses, in order that they may shave their heads ; and all will 
know that the things which they have heard reported of you 
are nothing; but that you yourself also walk orderly, and keep 
the law. 25 But with respect to the Gentiles that believe, we 
have written ; having decided that they should observe no such 
thing; but that they keep themselves from things sacrificed to 
idols, and from blood, and from what is strangled, and from 
lewdness. 

20 Then Paul took the men, and, on the following day, joining 
in their vow of abstinence, he entered the temple, and gave 
notice when the days of abstinence would be completed, at 
which time an offering should be made for each of them. 

27 And when the seven days were about to be completed, the 
Jews from Asia, seeing him in the temple, threw all the mul- 
titude into confusion, and laid their hands on him, 2S crying out : 
Men of Israel, help ! this is the man who teaches all men every 
where against this people, and the law, and this place : and 



ACTS OF APOSTLES. 313 

besides, lie has even brought Greeks into the temple, and defiled 
this holy place. 29 For, before this time, they had seen Trophi- 
mus, the Ephesian, with him in the city, whom they supposed 
Paul had brought into the temple. 30 And the whole city was 
moved ; and the people ran together, and, seizing Paul, they 
dragged him out of the temple, and the gates were immediately 
closed. 

31 And while they were seeking to kill him, report was brought 
to the officer of the band, that the whole of Jerusalem was in 
an uproar. 32 And he immediately took soldiers and centurions, 
and ran down to them. When they saw the officer and the 
soldiers, they ceased beating Paul. 33 Then the officer came 
near and took him, and commanded him to be bound with two 
chains, and demanded who he. was, and what he had done. 
34 And some in the multitude cried out one thing, and some an- 
other. But not being able to obtain any certain knowledge on 
account of the tumult, he commanded him to be led into the 
fortress. 35 And when he was on the steps, it happened that he 
was carried by the soldiers, on account of the violence of the 
multitude. 36 For the greater part of the people followed, cry- 
ing out : Away with him ! 

37 But as Paul was about to be led into the fortress, he said 
to the officer: May I speak to you? He replied: Do you 
understand Greek? 38 Are you not that Egyptian, who, before 
these clays, made an insurrection, and led out into the wilder- 
ness four thousand men of the Assassins ? 39 But Paul replied : I 
am a Jew of Tarsus of Cilicia, a citizen of no unknown city ; and 
I beseech you, permit me to speak to the people. 40 And when 
he had given him permission, Paul, standing upon the steps, 
waved his hand to the people. And when there was great 
silence, he addressed them in the Hebrew language, saying : 



314 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [XZIL 

XXII. 1 Brethren and fathers, hear my defense, which I now 
make before you. 2 When they heard that he spoke to them in 
the Hebrew language, they kept the greater silence. And he 
said : 3 1 am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Gilicia, yet educated in 
this city, at the feet of Gamaliel, and instructed according to 
the strict discipline of the law of our fathers, being zealous for 
God, as you all are this day. *And I persecuted this way to 
the death, binding and delivering into prison both men and 
women, 5 as the chief priest and the whole body of elders will 
testify for me. From them I also received letters to the breth- 
ren, and went to Damascus, to bring those, also, who were 
there, bound to Jerusalem, that they might be punished. 

6 But it came to pass, that, as I was on my journey, and 
was drawing near to Damascus, about midday, there suddenly 
shone from heaven a great light round about me; 7 and I fell 
to the ground, and heard a voice saying to me, Saul, Saul, 
why do you persecute me? 8 And I answered, Who art thou 
Lord? And he said to me, I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom 
you persecute. 9 They who were with me saw the light, and 
were afraid, but did not understand the voice of him who spoke 
to me. 10 And I said, What shall I do, Lord? And the 
Lord said to me, Arise, and go into Damascus, and there you 
shall be told of all things that are appointed for you to do. 

11 And as I could not see for the glory of that light, I was 
led by the hand by those who were with me, and went into 
Damascus. 12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the 
law, who had a good report from all the Jews that dwelt there, 
13 came to me, and standing by me, said, Brother Saul, receive 
your sight. And the same hour I looked upon him. 14 And 
he said, The God of our fathers has chosen you, that you 
should know his will, and see the Just One, and hear the voice 



XXIL] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 315 

of his mouth ; 15 for you shall be his witness to all men of what 
you have seen and heard. 16 And now, why do you delay? 
Arise, and be immersed, and wash away your sins, calling on 
the name of the Lord. 

1T And it came to pass, after I had returned to Jerusalem, 
and while I was praying in the temple, that I was in a trance, 
18 and saw him saying to me, Make haste, and depart quickly 
from Jerusalem, for they will not receive your testimony con- 
cerning me. 19 And I said, Lord, they themselves know that I 
threw into prison, and scourged, in every synagogue, those who 
believed on thee; 20 and that when the blood of Stephen, thy 
witness, was shed, I also stood by and approved, and kept the 
clothing of those who slew him. 21 And he said to me, Depart, 
for I will send you far off to the Gentiles. 

22 And they heard him to this word, and lifted up their voice, 
saying : Away with such a man from the earth ! for it is not fit- 
that he should live. 23 And as they were crying out, and toss- 
ing off their clothes, and throwing dust into the air, ^the offi- 
cer commanded him to be led into the fortress, and gave orders 
that he should be examined by scourging, that he might know 
for what cause they so cried out against him. 25 But Paul said 
to the centurion who stood by, as he caused him to be bent 
forward to the straps : Is it lawful for you to scourge a man 
who is a Roman, and uncondemned? 2G And when the centu- 
rion heard that, he went out and told it to the officer, saying : 
What are you about to do? for this man is a Roman. 27 And 
the officer came and said to him : Tell me, are you a Roman ? 
He answered: Tes. 28 And the officer answered: With a great 
sum did I purchase this citizenship. And Paul replied : But I 
was born a citizen. 29 Then, those who were about to examine 
him, immediately departed from him. And the officer was 



316 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [xxm. 

afraid, when he learned that he was a Koman, and because he 
had bound him. 

30 And, on the next day, wishing to know certainly why he 
was accused by the Jews, he loosed him, and commanded the 
chief priests and all the Sanhedrim to meet together. And he 
brought Paul down, and placed him before them. 

XXIII. ' * And Paul, looking earnestly upon the Sanhedrim, 
said : Brethren, I have lived in all good conscience toward God 
to this day. 2 And the chief priest, Ananias, commanded those 
who stood by to smite him on the mouth. 3 Then Paul said to 
him : God will smite you, you whitened wall ! for do you sit 
to judge me according to the law, and yet violate the law by 
commanding me to be smitten? 4 And those who stood by 
said : Do you revile God's chief priest ? 5 And Paul replied : 
I did not know, brethren, that he was the chief priest: for 
it is written, You shall not speak evil of the ruler of your 
people. 

6 But when Paul perceived that one part belonged to the 
Sadducees, and the other to the Pharisees, he cried out, in the 
Sanhedrim : Brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee; 
for the hope of the resurrection of the dead am I judged. 

7 And when he had said this, there arose a dissension between 
the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the multitude was 'divided. 

8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection ; neither 
angel nor spirit: but the Pharisees acknowledge both. And 
there arose a great clamor. And the scribes, on the part of the 
Pharisees, arose and contended, saying : We find no evil in this 
man-; but if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him, let us 
not fight against God. 10 And when there arose a great dis- 
sension, the officer, fearing that Paul would be torn to pieces 



xxm.] ACTS OP APOSTLES. 317 

by them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him 
by force from among them, and to bring him into the fortress. 

11 And on the following night, the Lord stood by him, and 
said: Take courage; for as you have testified of me in Jerusa- 
lem, so must you testify also in Eome. 

12 And when it was day, the Jews combined together, and 
bound themselves under a curse, saying, that they would neither 
eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 13 And there were 
more than forty who formed this conspiracy. w And they went 
to the chief priests and elders, and said : We have surely bound 
ourselves under a curse, that we will taste nothing till we have 
killed Paul. 15 Now, therefore, do you, together with the .San- 
hedrim, give notice to the officer, that he bring him down 
to you to-morrow, as if you intended to inquire more accu- 
rately into the matters concerning him : and before he comes 
near, we are ready to kill him. 

16 But the son of Paul's sister heard of the plot, and he went 
and entered the fortress, and told Paul. "And Paul called one 
of the centurions to him, and said : Conduct this young man to 
the officer, for he has something to tell him. 18 So he took him, 
and led him to the officer, and said : The prisoner Paul called 
me to him, and requested me to conduct this young man to 
you; for he has something to tell you. 19 And the officer took 
him by the hand, and went aside with him privately, and in- 
quired : "What is it that you have to tell me ? 20 He answered : 
The Jews have agreed to request you to bring Paul down into 
the Sanhedrim to-morrow, as if they intended to inquire some- 
thing more accurately concerning him. 21 Do not, however, be 
persuaded by them ; for more than forty men of them are lying- 
in wait for him; and they have bound themselves under a 
curse, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed 



318 ACTS OP; APOSTLES. [xxiv, 

him. Aud now they are ready, waiting for a promise from you. 
22 Then the officer sent the young man away, with this charge : 
Tell no one that you have made these things known to me. 

23 And he called to him two centurions, and said : Make ready 
two hundred soldiers, and seventy horsemen, and two hundred 
spearmen, that they may depart to Caesarea at the third hour 
. of the night. 2i And provide beasts on which they may set 
Paul, and take him in safety to. Felix the governor. 25 And he 
wrote a letter in this form : 26 Claudius Lysias to the most excel- 
lent governor, Felix, greeting : 2T This man was taken by the 
Jews, and was about to be killed "by them; Then I went with 
soldiers, and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman. 
28 But wishing to know the cause for which they accused him, 
I brought him down into their Sanhedrim. 29 And I found that 
he was accused about questions of their law, but had nothing 
worthy of death or of bonds, charged against him. 30 And as I 
was informed that a plot was about to be laid against the man 
by the Jews, I immediately sent him to you, and commanded 
his. accusers to say in your presence what they had against him. 
Farewell. 

31 Then the soldiers took Paul, as they were commanded, and 
brought him by night to Antipatris. 32 And, on the morrow, 
they left the horsemen to go with him, and returned to the for- 
tress. 33 "When they came to Csesarea, and delivered the. letter to 
the governor, they presented Paul also before him. 3 * And when 
he had read. the letter, he inquired to what province he belonged. 
And learning -that he was from Cilicia, he said : I will hear you 
when your accusers also have come. And he ordered him to be 
kept under guard in Herod's palace. 

XXIV. a And after five days, Ananias the chief priest came 



xxiv.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 319 

down with the elders and a certain orator, Tertullus ; and they 
informed the governor against Paul. 2 And when he was called 
forth, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying: 3 Since through 
you we enjoy great quietness; and since whatever has been un- 
dertaken for this nation has been conducted to a successful issue 
by your foresight at all times and in all places, we accept it, 
most excellent Felix, with all thankfulness. 4 -But that I may 
not detain you longer, I beseech, you to hear us, in your clem- 
ency, a few words. 5 For we have found this man a pest and 
a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, a 
ringleader also of the sect of the Nazarenes. 6 He also attempted 
to profane the temple; and we took him,- and wished to judge 
him according to our law. 7 But Lysias the officer came, and, 
with much violence, took him out .of our hands, 8 and com- 
manded his accusers to come before you. From him you may 
be able yourself, by examination, . to gain a knowledge of all 
these things of which we accuse him. 

9 And the Jews united in accusing him, saying that these 
things were so. ' . ' . 

10 Then Paul, after the governor had nodded to him to 'speak, 
answered : Knowing that you have been for many years a judge 
of this nation, I do the more cheerfully offer defense for my- 
self : n for you can understand that there . are not more than 
twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem to worship. 12 And 
they found me neither disputing with any one in the temple, 
nor exciting .the multitude in the synagogue, or in the city : 
13 nor are they able to prove the things of which they, now ac- 
cuse me. u But this I confess to you, that after the way which 
they call sect, so do I worship the God of my fathers ; believing 
all things that are written in the law and in the prophets; 
16 having hope in God, which they themselves also admit, that 



320 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xxiv. 

there will be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and 
of the unjust. 16 And I do exercise myself in this, always to 
have a conscience void of ofiense toward God and man. 

17 But, after many years, I came to bring charitable gifts to 
my nation, and offerings. l8 While engaged in these things, 
certain Jews from Asia found me fulfilling my vow of abstinence 
in the temple, not with a multitude, nor with tumult. 19 These 
ought to be here before you, and bring their charge, if they 
have any, against me. 20 Or let these persons here say, what 
offensive conduct they found in me when I stood before the 
Sanhedrim, 21 except in this one expression, which I uttered 
while standing among them : With respect to the resurrection 
of the dead, I am judged by you this day. 

22 But Felix, having a more accurate knowledge of this way, 
put. them off, and said : When Lysias the officer comes down, I 
will inquire fully into your matters. ^And he commanded the 
centurion to keep him under guard, and to relax the rigor of 
his confinement, and to forbid no one of his friends to minister 
or to come to him. 

24 And, after some days, Felix came with his wife Drusilla, 
who was a Jewess; and he sent for Paul, and heard him con- 
cerning the faith in Christ. 25 And as he reasoned of righteous- 
ness, temperance, and the judgment to come, Felix trembled, 
and answered : For the present withdraw ; when I have a con- 
venient season, I will call for you. 26 He hoped, at the same 
time, that money would have been given him by Paul, to re- 
lease him. For this reason, he sent for him very frequently, 
and conversed with him. 

27 But, after two years, Felix received Portius Festus as his 
successor; and Felix, wishing to confer a favor on the Jews, 
left Paul bound. 



ACTS OF APOSTLES. 321 

XXV. *Then Festus, having entered upon his government, 
.after three days went up from Caesarea to Jerusalem. 2 And 
the chief priest and first men of the Jews informed him against 
Paul, 3 and, asking a favor against him, besought him that 
he would send and have him brought to Jerusalem, laying a 
plot to kill him on the road. 4 Then Festus answered, that 
Paul was under guard in Csesarea, and that he himself would 
soon depart thither. 5 Therefore, said he, let those among you 
who are men of .influence, go down with me, and accuse this 
man, if there is any wickedness in him. 

6 And he remained among them not more than eight or ten 
days, and then went down to Caesarea. And, on the next day, 
he sat upon the judgment- seat, and commanded Paul to be 
brought. 7 And when he had come, the Jews who had come 
down from Jerusalem stood around, and brought many and 
heavy accusations against Paul, which they were not able to 
prove, 8 he answering for himself: Neither against the law of 
the Jews, nor against the temple, nor against Caesar, have I 
committed any offense. 9 But Festus, willing to confer a favor 
on the Jews, answered Paul, and said : Are you willing to go 
up to Jerusalem, and there be judged before me concerning 
these things? 10 And Paul answered: I am standing at the 
judgment-seat of Csesar, where I ought to be judged. To the 
Jews I have done no. wrong, as you very well know. 11 If, 
however, I be an offender, and have done any thing worthy of 
death, I refuse not to die. But if the things of which these 
men accuse me are nothing, no one can deliver me to them. I 
appeal to Caesar. 12 Then Festus, after conferring with the 
council, answered: To Csesar have you appealed? To Caesar 
you shall go. 

13 And after some days, King Agrippa and Bernice came 
21 



322 ACT'S OP APOSTLES. [xxv. 

down to Csesarea, to salute Festus. 14 And as they remained 
there many days, Festus made known to the king the facts con- 
cerning Paul, saying : There is a certain man, who was left in 
bonds by Felix, 15 concerning -whom, when I was in Jerusalem, 
the chief priests and elders of the Jews informed me, asking 
for judgment against him. 16 1 replied to them, that it is not 
the custom of the Romans to deliver any man up to death, 
before the accused has had his accusers face to face, and has 
had an opportunity to answer concerning the charge that is 
against him. 17 Therefore, when they had come hither with me, I 
made no delay ; but, on the next day, sat on the judgment-seat, 
and commanded the man to be brought forth. 18 And when his 
accusers stood up, they brought no such charge against him as 
I expected ; 19 but they had certain questions against him, about 
their own religion, and about a certain Jesus that had died, 
who, Paul affirmed, was alive. 20 But, being in doubt about the 
question concerning this man, I asked him if he would go up 
to Jerusalem, and there be judged with respect to these matters. 
21 But when Paul made his appeal, that he should be kept for 
the judgment of Augustus, I commanded him to be kept, till I 
could send him to Osesar. 

23 And Agrippa said to Festus: I could wish to have heard 
the man myself. He replied : To-morrow you shall hear him. 

23 Therefore, on the morrow, when Agrippa and Bernice came 
with great pomp, and entered the place of audience, with the 
officers and principal men of the city, Paul, at the command of 
Festus, was brought forth. <24 And Festus said: King Agrippa, 
and all men here present, you see this man, about whom all 
the multitude of the Jews, both in Jerusalem and in this place, 
have entreated me, crying out, that he ought to live no longer. 
25 But finding that he had done nothing worthy of death, and 



ACTS OF APOSTLES. 323 

as lie himself has appealed to Augustus, I have determined to 
send him. 26 Concerning him I have nothing certain to write 
to my Lord. For this reason, I have brought him before you 
all, and especially before you, King Agrippa, that, after the 
examination has been held, I may have something to write. 
27 For it seems to me unreasonable to send a prisoner, and not 
to make known the charges that are against him. 

XXVI. 1 Then Agrippa said to Paul: You are permitted to 
speak for yourself. Then Paul stretched forth his hand, and 
answered for himself. 

2 1 think myself happy, King Agrippa, because I shall this 
day make my defense before you, concerning all things of which 
I am accused by the Jews ; 3 especially, since you are acquainted 
with all the customs and questions that are among the Jews. 
For this reason, I beseech you to hear me patiently. 

4 My course of .life from my youth, which, from the begin- 
ning, was among my own nation in Jerusalem, know all the 
Jews; 5 who, knowing me from the first, could testify, if they 
would, that, according, to the strictest sect of our religion, I 
lived a Pharisee. 6 And now I stand and am judged for the 
hope of the promise made by God to our fathers; 7 to which 
promise our twelve tribes, zealously serving night and day, 
hope to come : on account of which hope, King Agrippa, I am 
accused by the Jews. 8 What? Is it thought a thing incredi- 
ble among you, that Grod raises the dead? 

9 1 verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things 
against the name of . Jesus the Fazarene. 10 And this I did in 
Jerusalem; and many of the saints did I shut up in prison, 
having received authority from the chief priests : and when they 
were put to death, I gave my vote against them. u And I pun- 



324 ACTS OP APOSTLES. [zxvi. 

ished them often in every synagogue, and compelled them to 
speak impiously; and, being exceedingly mad against them, I 
persecuted them even to foreign cities. 

12 While I was engaged in these things, and was going to Da- 
mascus with authority and commission from the chief priests, 13 at 
midday, while I was on the road, I saw, King, a light from 
heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about 
me and those who journeyed with me. 14 And when we had all 
fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking to me, and saying, 
in the Hebrew language, Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? 
It is hard for you to kick against the goads. 15 And I said, 
Who art thou, Lord ? He replied, I am Jesus, whom you per- 
secute. le But arise, and stand upon your feet ; for I have ap- 
peared to you for this purpose, to make you a minister and 
a witness of the things which you have seen, and of those in 
which I will appear to you, 17 delivering you from' the people, 
and from the Gentiles, to whom now I send you, 18 in order to 
open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and 
from the authority of Satan to God, that they may receive re- 
mission of sins, and an inheritance among the sanctified, by 
faith in me. 

19 Wherefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the 
heavenly vision; 20 but announced first to those in Damascus 
and Jerusalem, and throughout all the region of Judea, and 
then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, 
and do works worthy of repentance. 21 For these reasons the 
Jews seized me in the temple, and endeavored to kill me. 
22 Having, therefore, obtained help from God, I have stood till 
this day, testifying both to small and to great, saying nothing 
else than the things which the prophets and Moses did say 
should come to pass: 23 that Christ should suffer, and that he 



XXVILJ ACTS OF APOSTLES. 325 

first, by his resurrection from the dead, should show light to the 
people, and to the Gentiles. 

24 And as he spoke these things in his defense, Festus said, with 
a loud voice ; Paul, you are mad ; much learning drives you to 
madness. 25 But he replied : I am not mad, most excellent Fes- 
tus, but speak forth the words of truth and soberness. 26 For 
the king has knowledge of these things, before whom, also, I 
speak with boldness ; for I am persuaded that none of these 
things have escaped his notice; for this was not done in a cor- 
ner. 2T King Agtfippa, do you believe the prophets ? I know 
that you believe. 28 Then Agrippa said to Paul: You almost 
persuade me to be a Christian. 29 And Paul replied: I could 
pray to God, that not only you, but also all that hear me to- 
day, were both almost and altogether such as I am, except these 
bonds. 

30 And the king arose, and the governor, and Bernice, and 
those who sat with them. 31 And when they had withdrawn, 
they conversed with one another, saying : This man does nothing 
worthy of death or of bonds. 32 And Agrippa said to Festus: 
This man could have been set at liberty, if he had not appealed 
to Csesar. 

XXVII. l And as it was determined that we should sail to 
Italy, they delivered" Paul and some other prisoners to a cen- 
turion of the Augustan band, named Julius. 2 And going on 
board a ship of Adramyttium, we put to sea, intending to sail 
by the coast of Asia, Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, 
being with us. 3 On the next day, we touched at Sidon ; and 
Julius treated Paul with kindness, and permitted him to go to 
his friends, and receive their 1 attentions. 4 And thence we put 
to sea, and sailed under the lee of Cyprus, because the winds 



326 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xxvn. 

were adverse. 5 And when we had sailed across the sea oppo- 
site Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia. 

6 And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria, sailing 
to Italy ; and he put us on board. 7 For many days we sailed 
slowly; and having with difficulty come off Cnidus, the wind 
not permitting us to go further, we sailed under the lee of Crete, 
off Salmone : 8 and coasting along it with difficulty, we came to 
a place called Pair Havens, near which is the city of Lasea. 

9 But, after much time had been spent, and sailing was 
now dangerous, for the fast was already past, -Paul admonished 
them, 10 saying : Men, I perceive that this voyage will be with 
damage and much loss, not only to the cargo and the ship, 
but also to our lives. u But the centurion had more confi- 
dence in the pilot, and in the owner of the ship, than in the 
things which were spoken by Paul. 12 And as the harbor was 
not commodious to winter in, the majority advised that they 
should put to sea from that place also,, if, by any means, they 
might reach Phoenix, and winter there, which is a harbor of 
Grete, lying toward the south-west and north-west. 

13 And when the south wind blew gently, supposing that they 
had gained their object, they launched the ship, and ran along 
close to the shore of Crete. 14 But in a little time a tempestu- 
ous wind, called Euroclydon, blew against it. 15 And the ship 
being caught and unable to bear up against the wind, we com- 
mitted it to the gale, and were driven along. 16 And run- 
ning under the lee of a certain island called Clauda, we with 
difficulty secured the boat. 17 When they had taken it up, they 
used helps, undergirding the ship. And fearing lest they should 
fall into the quicksand, they lowered the mast, and thus were 
driven along. 18 And as we were greatly tossed by the tempest, 
on the next day they threw overboard the cargo ; 19 and on the 



xxvn.] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 327 

third day, with our own hands, we threw out the tackling of 
the ship. 20 And as neither sun nor stars appeared for many 
days, and no small tempest lay upon us, all hope of our being 
saved was at length taken away. 

21 But, after long abstinence from food, Paul stood up in the 
midst of them, and said : men, you ought to have been per- 
suaded by me, and not to have put to sea from Crete; and you 
would have avoided this damage and loss. 22 And now, I ex- 
hort you to be of good cheer; for there shall be no loss of life 
among you, but only of the ship. 23 For there stood by me 
this night an angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve, 
24 and said, Fear not, Paul; you must stand in the presence of 
Caesar; and behold, God has given you all that are sailing 
with you. ^ For this reason, men, be cheerful ; for I believe 
God, that it shall be even as it was told to me. 26 But we 
must be thrown upon a certain island. 

27 But when the fourteenth night had come, and we were 
drifting up and down in the Adriatic Sea, about midnight 
the sailors supposed that they were drawing near some land. 
28 And they sounded, and found twenty fathoms: and when 
they had gone a little further, and sounded again, they found 
fifteen fathoms. 29 And fearing that we would fall upon rocks, 
they threw out four anchors from the stern, and wished for 
day. 

30 And as the sailors were attempting to flee from the ship, 
and were letting down the boat into the sea, under the pretext 
that they were about to let down anchors from the prow, 
81 Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers : Unless these 
remain in the ship, you can not be saved. 32 Then the soldiers 
cut away the ropes of the boat, and let it fall off. 

33 And while the day was coming on, Paul exhorted them all 



328 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [mm. 

to take food, saying : This is the fourteenth, day that you have 
been in suspense, and continued without food, having taken noth- 
ing. 3 * Wherefore, I exhort you to take food ; for this will pro- 
mote your safety. For not a hair shall fall from the head of any 
of you. 35 And when he had said this, he took bread, and gave 
thanks to Grod before them all, and broke, and began to eat. 
36 And all became, cheerful, and also partook of food. 37 And all 
of us that were in the ship were two hundred and seventy-six 
souls. 38 When they were satisfied with food, they lightened 
the ship by throwing the provisions into the sea. 

39 And when it was day, they did not recognize the land; 
but they perceived an inlet, that had an accessible shore, into 
which they desired, if they could, to thrust the ship. *And, 
after cutting away the anchors, they committed the ship to the 
sea, at the same time loosing the lashings of the rudders: and 
they set up the front sail to the wind, and kept the ship firmly 
toward the shore. 41 And falling into a place where two cur- 
rents met, they ran the ship aground, and the prow stuck fast, 
and remained immovable ; but the stern was broken by the vio- 
lence of the waves. 42 The soldiers' counsel was to kill the 
prisoners, lest some of them should swim out and escape. 
43 But the centurion, wishing to save Paul, kept them from 
their purpose, and commanded those who were able to swim, 
to throw themselves into the sea first, and get to land; 4i and 
then the rest, some on planks, and others on what could be 
taken from the ship. And thus it came to pass, that all got 
safe to land. 

XXVIII. 1 And when they had saved themselves, they then 
learned that the island was called Melita. 2 And the barbari- 
ans showed us no ordinary kindness; for they kindled a fire, 



.xxvm.] AOTS OF APOSTLES. 329 

and received us all, because of the rain which was falling, and 
because of the cold. 

3 And when Paul had brought together a heap of brushwood, 
and laid it on the fire, a viper came out, by reason of the heat, 
and fastened itself on his hand. *And -when the barbarians 
saw the reptile hanging from his hand, they said to one an- 
other : This man is certainly a murderer, whom, although he 
has saved himself from the sea, justice does not permit to live. 
5 Then he shook the reptile from him into the fire, and suffered 
no harm. 6 But they were expecting that he would become 
inflamed and swollen, or would suddenly fall down dead; yet, 
after expecting it for a long time, and seeing no harm befall 
him, they changed their mind, and said he was a god. 

7 Among the estates about that place were those of the chief 
man of the island, whose name was Publius, who took us to his 
house, and, for three days, entertained us kindly. 8 And it hap- 
pened -that the father of Publius was lying sick with fever and 
dysentery. And Paul went in to him, and prayed, and laid his 
hands on him, and restored him to health. 9 Therefore, after 
this had been done, the rest also in the island who had dis- 
eases, came and were cured. 10 And they also honored us with 
many honors ; and, when we put to sea, they supplied us with 
such things as we needed. 

11 After three months we put to sea in a ship of Alexandria, 
which had wintered in the island, whose sign was the Dioscuri. 

12 And we landed at Syracuse, and remained there three days : 

13 from which place, by coasting about, we came to Ehegium; 
and one day afterward, the south wind arose ; and we came, on 
the next day, to Puteoli, u where we found brethren, and were 
persuaded to remain with them seven days. And thus we went 
toward Borne. 16 And from, this place, the brethren, having 



330 ACTS OF APOSTLES. [xxvm. . 

heard of us, came out as far as Appii Forum and the Three 
Taverns, to meet us. When Paul saw the brethren, he thanked 
God, and took courage. 

16 When we came to Kome, the centurion delivered the pris- 
oners to the captain of the guard; hut Paul was permitted to 
dwell by himself, with a soldier that guarded him. 

17 And it came to pass, after three days, that he called together 
the chief men of the Jews ; and when they had come, he said 
to them : Brethren, though I have done nothing against the 
people, or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered 
as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans. 
18 They, after examination, would have released me, for they 
found no .cause of death in me. 19 But because the Jews spoke 
against it, I was compelled to appeal to Csesar : not that I have 
any accusation to bring against my own nation. 20 For this 
reason, I called for you, that I might see you and speak to 
you; for on account of the hope of Israel, I am bound "with 
this chain. 

21 And they said to him : We have neither received letters 
from Judea concerning you, nor has any one of the brethren 
come, and reported or spoken any evil of you. 22 But we think 
it right to hear from you what you think : for, as it respects 
this sect, we know that it is everywhere spoken against. 

23 And when they had appointed him a day, many came to 
him at his lodging; to whom, from morning till evening, he 
earnestly testified, and set forth the kingdom of Grod, persuading 
them concerning Jesus, both from the law of Moses, and from 
the prophets. 24 And some believed the things that were spoken, 
and some believed not. 25 And not agreeing among themselves, 
they departed, after Paul had spoken one word : Well did the 
Holy Spirit speak to our fathers by Isaiah the prophet, 26 say- 



XXVIIL] ACTS OF APOSTLES. 331 

ing : Go to this people and say, You shall surely hear, but yon 
will not understand ; and you shall surely see, but you will not 
perceive. 27 Por the heart of this people has become fat, and 
with their ears they hear heavily, and their eyes they have 
closed, lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their 
ears, and understand with their heart, and should turn to me, 
and I should restore them to health. 28 Therefore, be it known 
to you, that the salvation of God is sent to the Gentiles, and they 
will hear. 29 And when he had said these things, the Jews de- 
parted, and had great disputation among themselves. 30 And 
Paul dwelt two whole years in his own rented house, and re- 
ceived all that came to him, 31 preaching the kingdom of God, 
and teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ, with 
all boldness and without hinderance. 



PAUL TO THE ROMANS. 



PART I. Introduction. 

I, 1 I \AIJL, a servant of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, set 
JL apart for the gospel of God, 2 which he formerly prom- 
ised through his prophets in the holy scriptures, 3 concerning 
his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the posterity 
of David according to the flesh, 4 but declared to be the Son of 
God with power, according to his holy spiritual nature, by his 
resurrection from the dead, 5 through whom we have received 
grace and apostleship, in order to the obedience of faith among 
all nations, for the honor of his name, 6 among whom are you 
also the called of Jesus Christ, 7 to all that are in Borne, be- 
loved of God, called Saints : Grace be to you, and peace from 
God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

8 First, I thank my God, through Jesus Christ, on account of 
you all, because your faith is spoken of throughout the whole 
world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit 
in the gospel of his Son, that, without ceasing, I make mention 
of you, 10 always in my prayers making request, that, if possible, 
I may at length have a prosperous journey, by the will of God, 
to come to you. "For I greatly desire to see you, that I may 
impart to you some spiritual gift, in order that you may be 
established; 12 that is, that I may both give and receive com- 
fort, while I am among you, through our common faith./ 

13 But, brethren, I do not wish you to be ignorant that I 

(332) 



i.] KOMANS. 333 

often purposed to come to you, though I have been hindered to 
the present time, that I might have some fruit among you also, 
even as among other Gentiles. 14 I am a debtor both to the 
Greeks and to the barbarians; both to the wise and to the 
unwise. 15 So that, as far as I am able, I am ready to preach 
the gospel to you also, who are in Rome. 



PAET II. The Thesis. 

16 For I am not ashamed of the Gospel : for it is the power 
of God in order to salvation, to every one that believes, to the 
Jew first, and also to the Greek. " For in it, the righteousness 
of God by faith, is revealed, in order to faith: as it is written, 
He that is justified by faith, shall live. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

SECTION FIRST. Of Justification. 

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all 
ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who, by unrighteous- 
ness, restrain the truth. 19 Because that which may be known 
of God, is manifest among them; for God has made it manifest 
to them, 20 (for, since the creation of the world, his attributes, 
which are invisible, are clearly seen, being perceived through 
the things that are made,- both his eternal power and divinity,) 
that they may be without excuse; 21 because, when they knew 
God, they did not glorify him as God, nor were they thankful ; 
but they became perverse in their reasonings, and their wicked 
heart was darkened ; 22 professing to be wise, they became fool- 
ish, 2 s and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an 



334 ROMANS. [n. 

image like corruptible man, and birds, and four-footed beasts, 
and creeping things. 

24 For which reason God delivered them up, in the desires 
of their hearts, to uncleanness, that they might dishonor their 
bodies among themselves; 25 who exchanged the truth of God 
for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature more than the 
Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. 26 For this reason, 
God delivered them over to vile passions : for their females 
exchanged their natural use for that which is against nature : 
27 and in like manner also the males, leaving the natural use of 
the females, burned in their lusts one toward another, males 
with males practicing infamous lewdness, and receiving in them- 
selves the due reward of their error. 

28 And as they refused to acknowledge God, God delivered 
them up to an undiscerning mind, to do detestable things; 2 _ 9 as 
they were filled with all unrighteousness, lewdness, wickedness, 
coyetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, contention, deceit, 
malignity; 30 whisperers, evil-speakers, haters of God, insolent, 
proud, boasters, inventors of evii things, disobedient to parents ; 
31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural 
affection, implacable, unmerciful ; 32 who, acknowledging the 
judgment of God, that those who practice such things are 
worthy of death, not only do them, but approve those who 
practice them. 

II. 1 For which reason, you are without excuse, man, who- 
ever you are, that judge; for in that in which you judge an- 
other, you condemn yourself; for you who judge, practice the 
same things. 2 But we know that the judgment of God against 
those who practice such things, is according to truth. 3 But do 
you, man, who judge those that practice such things, and 



ii.] EOMANS. 335 

yet do the same, conclude that you will escape the judgment 
of God? *0r, do you despise the riches of his goodness, and 
his forbearance, and his long suffering, not knowing that the 
goodness of God leads you to repentance? 

5 But, according to your hard and impenitent heart, you treas- 
ure up to yourself wrath for a day of wrath, and of the reve- 
lation of the righteous judgment of God, 6 who will render to 
every man according to his works ; 7 to those who, by patient 
continuance in good works, seek for glory and honor and incor- 
ruptibility, eternal life : 8 but to those who are contentious, and 
obey not the truth, but obey unrighteousness, anger and wrath, 
9 affliction and distress, upon every soul of man that practices 
what is evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Greek : 10 but 
glory and honor and peace to every one that practices what is 
good, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek : u for there is no 
respect of persons with God. 

12 For as many as have sinned without law, shall also perish 
without law ; and as many as have sinned under law, shall be 
judged by law, 13 in the day when God shall judge the secret 
works of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. 14 For 
not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers 
of the law shall be justified. 15 For when the Gentiles, who 
have not a law, do, by nature, the things of the law, these who 
have not a law, are a law to themselves, 16 who show that the 
work which the law requires, is written in their hearts, their 
conscience bearing testimony, and their reasonings with each 
other accusing, or making excuse. 

17 But if you are named Jew, and rest in the law, and make 
your boast in God, 18 and know his will, and approve what is 
excellent, being instructed by the law : 19 if you are also confi- 
dent that you yourself are a guide for the blind, a light to 



336 BO MANS. [m. 

those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the simple, a 
teacher of the unlearned, because you have the form of true 
knowledge in the law ; 21 you, then, who teach another, do you 
not teach yourself? You who preach that a .man should not 
steal, do you steal? 22 You who say that a man should not 
commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who detest 
idols, do you rob temples ? ^ You who make your boast in the 
law, do you, by transgressing the law, dishonor God ? M For the 
name of God is reviled among the Gentiles, on account of you, 
as it is written. 

25 Now, circumcision is indeed profitable, if you keep the 
law : but, if you transgress the law, your circumcision becomes 
uncircumcision. 26 If, then, he who is uncircumcised keeps the 
righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted 
for circumcision? 27 And shall not he whose want of circum- 
cision is owing to his birth, if he keeps the law, condemn you, 
who, by the literal circumcision, transgress the law ? 28 For he 
is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is that circumcision 
which is outward in the flesh : 29 but he is a Jew who is one 
inwardly ; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, 
not in the letter, whose praise is not of men, but of God. 

III. l What advantage then has the Jew, or what profit has 
circumcision ? 2 Much in every respect ; but chiefly that the 
oracles of God were intrusted to them. 3 What, indeed, if some 
have been unfaithful ? Will their unfaithfulness overthrow the 
faithfulness of God? 4 It can not be. But let God be true, 
though every man be a liar, as it is written : That thou might- 
est be justified in thy words, and mightest overcome when thou 
art judged. 

5 But if our unrighteousness causes the righteousness of God 



in.] KOMANS. 38T 

to be better known, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous, 
who inflicts punishment ? I speak as a man. 6 It can not be : 
for if so, how shall God judge the world ? 

7 Yet, if the truth of God has, through my lie, been greatly 
advanced to his glory, why am I still judged as a sinner? 

8 Then, why not say, (as we are slanderously reported as say- 
ing, and, as some affirm, that we do say,) Let us do evil,. that 
good may come? Of suSh persons the condemnation is just. 

9 What then ? Do we, Jews, excel ? Not at all : for we have 
already convicted all, both Jews and Greeks, of being under sin, 
10 as it is written : There is none righteous, no, not one ; n there 
is none that understands; there is none that seeks after God; 
12 they have all turned out of the way ; they have alike become 
unprofitable ; there is none that does good, not even one ; 13 their 
throat is an open sepulcher ; with their tongues they have used 
deceit ; the poison of asps is under their lips ; u their mouth is 
full of cursing and bitterness; 15 their feet are swift to shed 
blood; 1G destruction and misery are in their ways; 17 and the 
way of peace they have not known ; 18 there is no fear of God 
before their eyes. 

19 Now we know that what the law says, it speaks to those 
who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and 
all the world become guilty before God. 20 Wherefore, by works 
of law, no flesh shall be justified in his sight; for by law is the 
knowledge of sin. 

21 But now, the righteousness of God without law is revealed, 
being attested by the law and the prophets ; 22 1 repeat it, the 
righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ, which is 
for all, and on all that believe; for there is no difference; ^for 
all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God, ^yet may 

be justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that ia 
22 



338 BOMANS. [iv. 

in Christ Jesus ; 25 whom God has set forth as a propitiatory sac- 
rifice, through faith in his blood, in order to manifest his right- 
eousness, in passing by the sins that were formerly committed 
through the forbearance of God; 2S in order to manifest his 
righteousness at the present time, that he might be just, while 
he justifies him who believes in Jesus. 

27 Where, then, is boasting ? It is excluded. By what law ? 
Of works ? 3STo ; but by the law of faith. 28 For we conclude 
that a man is justified by faith, without deeds of law. 29 Is he 
the G-od of the Jews only ? Is he not also the God of the Gen- 
tiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: 30 since there is one God, who 
will justify the circumcision by faith, and the uncircumcision 
through the faith. 31 Do we, then, make law void through the 
faith ? It can not be. On the other hand, we establish law. 

IV. l What, then, shall we say that Abraham our father has 
found, as it respects the flesh ? 2 For if Abraham was justified 
by works, he has cause for boasting, but not before God. 3 For 
what says the scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it was 
counted to him for righteousness. 4 Now to aim that works, 
the reward is not counted as a favor, but as a debt : 5 but to 
him that works not, but believes on him that justifies the un- 
godly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 

6 Even as David also speaks of the blessedness of the man 
to whom God counts righteousness without works, saying: 
7 Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sing 
are covered. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not 
charge sin. 

9 Comes this blessedness then on those who are circumcised 
only, or on those who are uncircumcised also? For we say 
that faith was counted to Abraham for righteousness. 



rv.] BOMANS. 339 

10 Under what circumstances, then, was it counted? After he 
was circumcised ? Or, while he was uncircumcised ? Not after 
he was circumcised, but while he was uncircumcised. n And he 
received the sign of circumcision, as a seal of the righteousness 
of the faith that he had while he was uncircumcised, in order 
that he might be the father of all that believe, even in a state 
of uncircumcision, so that righteousness might be counted to 
them also ; 12 and the father of circumcision to those who are not 
only circumcised, but who, also, walk in the steps of that faith 
which our father Abraham had while he was yet uncircumcised. 

13 For the promise that he should be the heir of the world, 
was not to Abraham, nor to his posterity, through law, but 
through the righteousness of faith. M For if they that are of 
the law be heirs, the faith is made powerless, and the promise 
is unmeaning ; 15 for the law inflicts punishment ; for where no 
law is, there is no transgression. lfi Therefore, the inheritance 
is by faith, that it may be according to grace, in order that 
the promise may be sure to all his posterity, not to those only 
who are of the law, but to those, also, who are of the faith of 
Abraham, who is the father of us all, 17 (as it is written : I have 
made you a father of many nations,) in the sight of him in 
whom he believed, even God, who makes the dead alive, and 
calls those things which are not, as though they were. 

18 He, against hope, confidently believed that he would become 
the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken : 
So shall your posterity be. 19 And not being weak in faith, he 
considered not his own body, which was already dead, (for he 
was about a hundred years old,) nor the deadness of Sarah's 
womb ; m and he doubted not, through unbelief, with respect to 
the promise of God, but was strong in faith, giving glory to 
God, 21 and being fully persuaded that what he had promised 



340 KOMANS. [v. 

he was able also to perform. 22 For this reason, it was counted 
to him for righteousness. 

23 But that it was counted to him, was not written for his 
sake alone, ^ but for our sakes also, to whom it shall be counted, 
if we believe on him that raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 
25 who was delivered up for our offenses, and raised again for 
our justification. 

V. T Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with 
God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have 
had access, by faith, into this grace in which we stand; and 
we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 

3 And not only so, but we rejoice in afflictions also; because 
we know that affliction produces patience, 4 and patience, an ap- 
proved character, and an approved character, hope ; 5 and this 
hope disappoints us not; because the love of Grod is poured 
abundantly into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that is 
given to us. 6 For when we were yet without strength, at the 
appointed time, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For hardly, in- 
deed, will one die for a just man ; yet, perhaps, for the good 
ma.n some one would even dare to die. 8 But God makes known 
his love to us in this, that while we were yet sinners, Christ 
died for us: 9 much more, then, since we are now justified by 
his blood, we shall be saved from the wrath through him. 10 For 
if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the 
death of his Son, much more, having been reconciled, shall we 
be saved by his life. 

11 And not only so, but we rejoice in God through our Lord 
Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the reconcilia- 
tion. 

12 For this reason, as by one man sin entered into the world, 



v.l KOMANS. 341 

and by his sin, death ; and so death passed through to all men, 
because all have sinned: 13 for till the law, sin was in the world; 
but sin is not charged where there is no law. 14 Yet death 
reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that did not sin 
in the likeness of Adam's transgression, who is the type of him 
that was to come. 15 But the favor bestowed is not, in all re- 
spects, like the offense : for if, by the offense of one, the many 
have died, much more have the grace of God and the gift which 
is by the grace of the one man Jesus Christ, been made abun- 
dant for the many. 16 And the gift is not like the sentence that 
came through one who sinned : for the sentence to condemna- 
tion was because of one offense ; but the favor bestowed in order 
to justification, is because of many offenses, 17 For if, by one 
man's offense, death has reigned through that one, much more 
shall those who receive the abundance of the grace, and of the 
gift of righteousness, reign in life through the one, who is Jesus 
Christ. 18 Therefore, as, by one offense, sentence came on all 
men to condemnation, so, also, by one act of righteousness, the 
gift has come on all men to justification of life. l9 For as by 
the disobedience of the one man the many have been made sin- 
ners, so, also, by the obedience of the one, the many shall be 
made righteous. 

20 But law came in beside in order that the offense might 
abound : but where sin abounded, grace did much more abound : 
21 that as sin has reigned, ending in death, so might grace reign 
by righteousness, ending in life eternal, through Jesus Christ 
our Lord. 



342 BO-MANS, [vi, 

SECTION SECOND. 
Of tSanctification, Redemption, and Glorification. 

VI. 1 What, then, shall we say? Shall we continue in sin that 
grace may abound? 2 It can not be. How shall we that are 
dead to sin, live any longer in it? 3 Know you not that as 
many of us as were immersed into Christ Jesus, were immersed 
into his death ? 4 Therefore, we were buried with him, by im- 
mersion, into death, that as Christ was raised from the dead by 
the glory of the Father, so also we should walk in a new life. 
5 For if we have become united to him by the likeness of his 
death, we shall certainly be united to him by the likeness of 
his resurrection ; 6 knowing this, that our former man has been 
crucified with him, in order that the sinful body may be de- 
prived of its power, so that we should no longer serve sin : 7 for 
he that is dead is freed from sin. 

8 Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall 
also live with him ; 9 because we know that Christ, having been 
raised from the dead, dies no more; death has dominion over 
him no longer ; 10 for, as it regards his dying, he, once for all, 
died to sin; but as it regards his living, he lives to God. n So 
also do you count yourselves as dead indeed to sin, but as liv- 
ing to God, in Christ Jesus our Lord. 

12 Therefore, let not sin reign in your mortal body so that 
you obey it; 13 and present not your members to sin, as instru- 
ments of unrighteousness: but present yourselves to God, as 
alive from the dead ; and your members to God, as instruments 
of righteousness. u For sin shall not have dominion over you ; 
for you are not under law, but under grace. 

16 What then ? Shall we sin, because we are not under law, 



vii.] BOMANS. 343 

but under grace ? It can not be. 16 Know you not, that to 
whom you present yourselves as servants to obey, his servants 
you are whom you obey, whether of sin that leads to death, or 
of obedience that leads to righteousness ? 17 But thanks be to 
God, that though you were the servants of sin, yet you have 
obeyed from the heart the form of teaching, in which you have 
been instructed; 18 and being made free from sin, you have be- 
come the servants of righteousness. 19 1 speak of what is com- 
mon among men; on account of the weakness of your flesh : for 
as you have presented your members as servants to unclean- 
ness, and to lawlessness, in order to lawlessness, so now present 
your members as servants 'to righteousness, in order to holiness. 
20 For when you were the servants of sin, you were free with 
respect to righteousness. 21 What fruit, therefore, had you at 
that time, in those things of which you are now ashamed ? For 
the end of those things is death. 22 But now, since you have 
been made free from sin, and have become servants to (rod, you 
have your fruit to holiness, and the end, eternal life. w For the 
wages of sin is death; but the gift of Grod is eternal life in 
Christ Jesus our Lord. 

VII. 1 Know you not, brethren, for I speak to you that are 
acquainted with law, that the law has dominion over a man as 
long as he lives? 2 For the woman that has a husband, is 
bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives : but if 
her husband die, she is loosed from the law of her husband. 
3 So then, if, while her husband lives, she be married to another 
man, she shall be called an adulteress. But if her husband die, 
she is free from the law; so that she is not an adulteress, 
though she be married to another man. 

4 So then, my brethren, you, also, died to the law, by the 



344 ROMANS. [viz. 

body of the Christ, in order that you might be married to 
another, to him who was raised from the dead that we should 
bring forth fruit to Grod. 5 For when we were in the flesh, the 
sinful passions which were excited by the law, were active in 
our members, so as to bring forth fruit to death : 6 but now we 
are made free from the law, being dead to that by which we 
were bound, so that we may serve in newness of spirit, and not 
in the oldness of the letter. 

7 What, then, shall we say? Is the law sin? It can not 
be. Indeed, I had not known sin, except through law. For I 
had not known evil desire, unless the law had said : You shall 
not have any evil desire. 8 But sin, taking occasion through 
the commandment, rendered active within me every evil desire. 
For without the law, sin was dead. 9 Indeed, I was alive with- 
out the law, once ; but when the commandment came, sin be- 
came alive, and I died: 10 and the commandment, which was 
given for life, I found to be for death. u For sin, taking occa- 
sion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me. 
12 Therefore, the law is holy, and the commandment, holy and 
just and good. 

13 Has, then, that which is good become death to me ? It can 
not be. But sin, that it might appear sin, was causing death 
to me through that which is good, in order that -sin, through 
the commandment, might become exceedingly sinful. 14 For we 
know that the law is spiritual ; but I am. carnal, sold into 
bondage to sin. 15 For what I do, I know not : for that which 
I wish to do, this I do not; but that which I hate, this I do. 
10 If, then, I do that which I wish not to do, I give assent to 
the law, that it is good. 17 Now, then, it is no longer I that 
clo it, but sin that dwells in me. 18 For I know that in me, 
that is, in my flesh, dwells no good ; for to will is present with 



VIIL] ROMANS. . 345 

me ; but to perform that which is good, I find not. 19 For the 
good that I wish to do, I do not; but the evil that I wish not 
to do, this I do. 20 Now, if I do that which I wish not to do, 
it is no longer I that do it, but sin that dwells in me. 

21 1 find, then, this law : That, when I wish to do good, evil 
is present with me. 22 For, in the inward man, I delight in the 
law of God : 23 but I perceive another law in my members, at 
war with the law of my mind, and making me a captive to the 
law of sin, which is in my members. 

24 Wretched man that I am ! Who will deliver me from this 
body that subjects me to death? 25 I thank God that I shall 
be delivered through Jesus Christ our Lord. Therefore, I my- 
self, with the mind, serve the law of God, but with the flesh, 
the law of sin. 

VIIL l There is now, therefore, no condemnation to those 
who are in Christ Jesus. 2 For the law of the spirit of life in 
Christ Jesus has freed me from the law of sin, and of death. 
3 For what the law could not do, because it was weak through 
the flesh, God has done, who, sending his own son in the like- 
ness of sinful flesh, and for a sin-ofiering, condemned sin in the 
flesh, 4 that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in 
us, who walk not according to the flesh, but according to the 
Spirit. 

5 For those who are according to the flesh, mind the things 
of the flesh; but those who are according to the Spirit, the 
things of the Spirit. 6 For the mind of the flesh is death ; but 
the mind of the Spirit is life and peace. 7 Because the mind 
of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the 
law of God, nor indeed can it be. 8 Those, then, who are in 
the flesh, can not please God. 



346 ROMANS, [vni, 

9 But you are not in the flesh, biit in the Spirit, if indeed 
the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now, if any one has not the 
Spirit of Christ, he is not his. 10 But if Christ is in you, the 
body is dead, on account of sin, but the Spirit is life, on ac- 
count of righteousness. u And if the Spirit of him who raised 
Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he that raised the Christ 
from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies, because of 
his Spirit that dwells in you. 

12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live 
according to the flesh ; 13 for if you live according to the flesh, 
you shall die: but if, through the Spirit, you put to death the 
deeds of the body, you shall live. 14 For as many as are led by 
the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. 15 For you have 
not again received the spirit of bondage, that you may fear; 
but you have received the spirit of adoption, by which we cry, 
Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit itself testifies with our spirit, that 
we are the children of God ; 17 and, if children, then heirs ; 
heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer 
with him, that we may also be glorified together. 

18 For I consider the sufferings of the present time not wor- 
thy to be compared with the glory that shall be revealed for 
us. 19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waits for the 
revelation of the sons of God. 20 For the creature was subject 
to frailty, (not by its own will, but for his sake who subjected 
it,) 21 in hope, that even the creature itself shall be made free 
from the bondage of corruption, and introduced into the glori- 
ous liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that every 
creature groans, and is in pain together, till now: 23 and not 
only they, but ourselves also, who have the first fruits of the 
Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting foi* 
the adoption, the redemption of our body. 24 For we are saved 



VIIL] ROMANS: 347 

by this hope; but hope that is seen is not hope; for,. what any 
one sees, why does he also hope for it? 25 But if we hope for 
that which we see not, we wait for it with patience. 

26 In like manner, also, the Spirit helps our infirmities; for 
we know not what we should pray for as we ought, but the 
Spirit itself intercedes for us, with groanings unutterable. 
27 And he that searches the hearts knows what is the mind of 
the Spirit, that he intercedes for the saints according to the 
will of God. 

28 And we know that all things work together for good, to 
those who love God, to those who are called according to his 
purpose. 29 Por those whom he foreknew, he predestinated to 
be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the 
first-born among many brethren : 30 and those whom he predes- 
tinated he also called, and those whom he called he also justi- 
fied, and those whom he justified he also glorified. 

31 What, then, shall we say to these things? If God is for 
us, who can be against us? 32 He that spared not his own Son, 
but delivered him up for us all, how will he not with him also 
freely give us all things? 33 Who shall lay any thing to the 
charge of God's elect? It is God that justifies. 3 *Who is he 
that condemns? It is Christ that died: rather, indeed, that 
has risen, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes 
for us. 35 Who shall separate us from the love of the Christ ? 
Shall affliction, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or naked- 
ness, or danger, or the sword? 3G As it is written: For thy 
sake, we are killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep 
for the slaughter. 37 Yet, in all these things, we are more than 
conquerors, through him that loved us. 38 For I am persuaded 
that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor 
powers, nor things present, nor things to come, 39 nor hight, nor 



348 ROMANS, [ix. 

depth, nor any other creature, will be able to separate us from 
the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 



_ SECTION THIRD. 
God's Dealings with Israel as a People, 

IX. X I speak the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience 
bearing me testimony in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great 
sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart ; 3 for I could wish my- 
self to be accursed from Christ, for my brethren, my kinsmen 
according to the flesh ; 4 who are Israelites, to whom belong the 
adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of 
the law, and the service, and the promises ; 5 to whom belong 
the fathers, and of whom is the Christ, as it respects the flesh, 
who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. 

6 It is not possible that the word of God has failed ; for they 
are not all Israel who are of Israel. 7 Nor, because they are 
the posterity of Abraham, are they all children : but in Isaac 
shall your posterity be called. 8 That is, the children of the 
flesh are not the children of God ; but the children of the prom- 
ise are counted for the posterity. 9 For the word of the prom- 
ise is this : At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a 
son. 10 IS[ot only so, but when Rebecca had conceived by one, 
even our father Isaac, ( n the children, indeed, having not yet 
been born, and having done neither good nor evil, that the 
purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, 
but of him that calls,) 12 it was said to her: The elder shall 
serve the . younger ; 13 as it is written : Jacob have I loved, but 
Esau have I hated. 

14 What, then, shall we say? Is there unrighteousness with 
God? It can not be. 15 For he says to .Moses: I will show 



IX .] KOMANS. 349 

v 

mercy to whom I will show mercy; and I will show compassion 
to whom I will show compassion. 16 Therefore, it is not of him 
that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows mercy. 
"For the scripture says to Pharaoh: For this very purpose 
have I raised you up, that I may show in you my power, and 
that my name may be published in all the earth. 18 Therefore, 
he has mercy on whom . he wills to have mercy : and whom 
he wills to harden, he hardens. 

19 You will then say to me, Why does he yet find fault ? For 
who has resisted his will? 20 No, but rather, man, who are yovi 
that dispute with God ? Shall the thing formed say to him 
that formed it, Why have you made me thus ? 21 Has not the 
potter power over the clay, to make from the same mass one 
vessel for honor, and another for dishonor? 22 What, then, if 
God ; intending to show his wrath, and to make his power known, 
yet, in much long-suffering bore with the vessels of wrath fitted 
for destruction : w and, that he might make known the riches of 
his glory on the vessels of mercy which he before prepared for 
glory, showed mercy to us, 2 *whom he has called, not only 
from among the Jews, but also from the Gentiles? " 25 As he says 
also in Hosea : I will call that my people which is not my 
people, and her beloved, who was not beloved. 26 And it shall 
come to pass, that, in the place where it was said to them : You 
are not my people, there shall they be called the sons of the 
living God. 27 But Isaiah cries concerning Israel : Though the 
number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a rem- 
nant shall be saved : 2S for his word he fulfills, and he decrees in 
righteousness ; for his word that is decreed, will the Lord exe- 
cute upon the land. 29 And as Isaiah said .before: Unless the 
Lord of hosts had left us a posterity, we should have been like 
Sodom, and been made like Gomorrah. 



350 EOMANS. [x. 

30 What, then, shall we say ? That the Gentiles, who did not 
seek after righteousness have obtained righteousness, even the 
righteousness which is by faith : 31 but Israel, who sought after a 
law of righteousness, has not attained to a law of righteousness. 

32 And why ? Because they sought it not by faith, but as if by 
works of law : for they stumbled against that stone of stum- 
bling, 33 as it is written: Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stum- 
bling, and a rock of offense : and whoever believes on him, shall 
not be ashamed. 

X. l Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel 
is, that they may be saved. 2 For I testify for them, that they 
have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. 3 For be- 
ing ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish 
their own righteousness, they have not submitted to 
the righteousness of God. 4 For Christ is the end of the law 
for righteousness, to every one that believes. 

5 For Moses describes the righteousness which is by the law : 
That the man who does these things shall live by them. 6 But 
the righteousness by faith speaks thus: Say not in your heart, 
Who shall ascend into heaven ? that is, to bring Christ down ; 
7 or, Who shall descend into the abyss? that is, to bring Christ 
again from the dead. 8 But what says it? The word is near 
you, in your mouth and in your heart ; that is, the word of faith 
which we preach ; 9 that if you will confess with your mouth, 
that Jesus is Lord, and will believe in your heart that God has 
raised him from the dead, you shall* be saved. 10 For with the 
heart we believe, in order to righteousness; and with the mouth 
we make confession, in order to salvation. u For the scripture 
says: He that believes on him shall not be ashamed. 12 For 
there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek; for the 



XJ> ] BOMANS. 351 

same Lord of all is rich to all that call on him : 13 For every 
one that calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. 

"How, then, shall they call on him in whom they have not 
believed? And how shall they believe in him of whom they 
have not heard ? And how shall they hear without a preacher ? 
15 And how shall they preach, unless they be sent? As it is 
written : How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the 
gospel of peace, who bring joyous news of good things! 16 But 
they have not all obeyed the gospel ; for Isaiah says : Lord, who 
has believed our report ? 17 So, then, faith comes by hearing, 
and hearing by the word of God. 18 But I say : Have they not 
heard? Yes, verily; their voice has gone forth into all the 
earth : and their words to the ends of the world. 19 But I say : 
Did not Israel know ? First, Moses says : I will excite you to 
jealousy by that which is no nation ; and by a foolish nation I 
will provoke you to wrath. 20 But Isaiah is very bold, and 
says : I was found by them that sought me not : I was made 
manifest to them that asked not after me. 21 But with respect 
to Israel, he says : All day long have I stretched out my hands 
to a disobedient and contradicting people. 

XI. l l say, then, Has God rejected his people? It can not 
be. For I am an Israelite, of the posterity of Abraham, of the 
tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he 
foreknew. Know you not what the scripture says, in regard to 
Elijah? how he intercedes with God against Israel, saying: 
3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thy 
altars, and I am left alone, and they seek my life. 4 But what 
says the answer of God to him? I have reserved for myself 
seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal. 
6 Thus, then, at the present time also, there is a remnant ac- 



352 ROMANS, [xr. 

cording to the election of grace. 6 And if the election is by 
grace, it is no longer by works; otherwise grace is no longer 
grace. 

7 "What then ? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks ; 
but the chosen have obtained it, and the rest have been hard- 
ened to this day, 8 as it is written : God has given them a spirit 
of stupor, eyes with which they can not see, and ears with 
which they can not hear. 9 And David says : Let their table 
become a trap, and a net, and a snare, and a recompense to 
them; 10 let their eyes be darkened, so that they may not see, 
and let them bow down their back always. 

11 1 say, then, Have, they stumbled, in order that they may 
fall? It can not be. But rather, through their fall, salvation 
has come to the Gentiles, to excite them to jealousy. 12 Now, 
if their fall be the riches of the world, and their loss be the 
riches of the. Gentiles, how much more shall their full accept- 
ance be the riches of the world f 13 For I speak to you, Gentiles ; 
inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I do honor to my 
ministry, 14 if, by any means, I may excite to jealousy those who 
are my flesh, and save some of them. 15 For, if the casting 
away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the 
reception of them be, but life from the dead ? 

16 Now, if the first fruit is holy, the mass is holy also: and 
if the root is holy, the branches are holy also. "And if some 
of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, 
have been grafted in among them, and partake with them of 
the root and fatness of the olive, 18 boast not against the 
branches; but if you boast, bo&st not that you bear the root, 
but that the root bears you. 19 You will say then : The branches 
were broken off, that I might be grafted in. 20 Well; on ac- 
count of unbelief they were broken off; but you stand by faith. 



XL ] KOMANS. 353 

Be not high-minded, but fear. 2l For if God spared not the 
natural branches, take heed, lest he spare not you. 

22 Behold, then, the goodness and severity of God: toward 
them that fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you con- 
tinue in his goodness ; otherwise, you also shall be cut off. 
23 And they, also, if they continue not in unbelief, shall be 
grafted in : for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if 
you were cut out from an olive-tree that is wild by nature, and 
were grafted, against nature, into a good olive, how much more 
shall these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into 
their own olive? 

25 For I do not wish you, brethren, to be ignorant of this 
mystery lest you be wise in your own conceit that blindness 
has happened to Israel in part, till the full number of the Gen- 
tiles shall have come in. 26 And so all Israel shall be saved, as 
it is written : There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and 
he shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob. 27 And this is my 
covenant with them, when I shall take away their sins. 28 As 
it respects the gospel, they are enemies of God for your sakes ; 
but as it respects their election, they are beloved for the fathers' 
sakes: 29 for God's gifts and calling are irrevocable. 30 For as 
you formerly did not believe God, but now have obtained mercy 
through their unbelief; 31 so, also, these have not now believed, 
that through the mercy shown to you, they also may obtain 
mercy. 32 For God has delivered them all over to unbelief, that 
he may have mercy on them all. 

33 the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and of the 
knowledge of God ! How unsearchable are his judgments, and 
his ways past finding out ! 34 For who has known the mind of 
the Lord ? Or, who has been his counsellor ? 35 Or, who has 

first given to him, and received from him a recompense? 3G .Foi 
23 " v 



354 BO MANS.. . [xn. 

from him, and by Mm, and for him, are all things. To him be 
glory through the ages ! Amen. 

PABT III. Hortatory and Practical. 

XII. 1 1 beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of 
God, that you .present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, ac- 
ceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be 
not conformed to this age, but be transformed by the renewing 
of your mind, that you may learn what the will of God is the 
good, and the acceptable, and the perfect. 

3 For I say, through the grace given to me, to every one that 
is among you, that he must not think of himself more highly 
than he ought to think ; but that he be disposed to think mod- 
estly, as God has distributed to each a measure of faith. 4 Por 
as we have many members in one body, and all the members 
have not the same office, 5 so we, the many, are one body in 
Christ, and members one of another. G Since, then, we have 
gifts which differ according to the grace that is given to us, 
whether we have the gift of prophecy, let us prophesy accord- 
ing to the proportion of our faith; 7 or, if we have a ministry, 
let us be active in our ministry; if any one teaches, let him 
attend to his teaching ; 8 or, if any exhorts, let him attend to 
exhortation ;' if any one gives, let him do it with sincerity; he 
that rules, . with diligence : he that shows mercy, with cheer- 
fulness. 

9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil ; 
cleave to that which is good; 10 in love to the brotherhood, be 
kindly affectionate one to another; in showing honor, be exam- 
ples one to another; u in what requires diligence, be not sloth- 
ful; in spirit, be -fervent; in service, be devoted to the Lord; 



XIIL] BO MANS. 355 

12 in hope, be joyful; in affliction, be patient; in prayer, be per- 
severing; 13 administer to the necessities of the saints; be care- 
ful to entertain strangers; u bless them that persecute you; 
bless, and curse not; 15 rejoice with them that rejoice, and weep 
with them that weep ; 16 cultivate the same disposition, one to- 
ward another: mind not high things, but conform yourselves 
to things that are lowly. 

Be not wise in your own conceits; "repay to no one evil for 
evil; practice that which is honorable in the sight of all men. 
18 If possible, as far as may be in your power, be at peace with 
all men. 19 Beloved, avenge not yourselves, but give place to 
the wrath of God; for it is written: Vengeance is mine, I 
will repay, says the Lord. 20 If, therefore, your enemy is 
hungry, feed him ; if he is thirsty, give him drink ; for by 
doing this, you will heap coals of fire on his head. 21 Be not 
overcome by evil; but overcome evil with good. 

XIIL 1 Let every soul be subject to the higher authorities. 
For there is no authority but from God : the authorities that 
are, have been appointed by God. 2 Therefore, he that resists 
the authority, resists the appointment of God; and those who 
resist shall receive to themselves condemnation. 3 Por rulers 
are not a terror to works that are good, but to those which are 
evil. Will you, then, not be afraid of the authority ? Do that 
which is good, and you shall receive praise from the same. 
4 For he is the minister of God to you for that which is good. 
But if you do what is evil, be afraid ; for he bears not the 
sword in vain. For he is the minister of God to inflict pun- 
ishment on him that does evil. 

6 "Wherefore, it is necessary to be subject, not only because of 
punishment, but also for conscience' sake. 6 0n this very ac- 



356 ROMANS. [xiv. 

count, too, pay tribute also : for they are the public servants of 
God, attending continually to this very thing. 7 Bender, there- 
fore, to all their dues ; tribute, to whom tribute is due ; custom, 
to whom custom; fear, to whom fear; honor, to whom honor is 
due. 

8 Owe no one any thing, except to love one another; for he 
that loves another, has fulfilled the law. 9 For these command- 
ments: You shall not commit adultery, you shall not kill, you 
shall not steal, you shall not indulge evil desire ; and if there is 
any other commandment, all are summed up in this saying, 
namely : You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 10 Love works 
no evil to our neighbor; therefore, love is the fulfilling of the 
law. 

11 And do this, because you know the time, that the hour has 
already come when we should awake out of sleep ; for now is 
our salvation nearer than when we believed : 12 the night is far 
advanced, the day draws near. Let us, therefore, put off the 
works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. 13 Let 
us walk in a becoming manner, as in the day; not in riotings 
and in drunkenness, not in lewdness and in wantonness, not in 
contention and in envy: M but put on the Lord Jesus Christ, 
and make no provision for the desires of the flesh. 

XIV. a Him that is weak in the faith, receive kindly, but not 
to judge his reasonings. 2 0ne believes that he may eat all 
things ; another, who is weak, eats herbs. 3 Let not him that 
eats, despise him that eats not ; and let not him that eats not, 
judge him that eats: for G-od has received him. 4 Who are 
you that judge another man's servant"? To his own master he 
stands or falls ; indeed, he shall stand, for God is able to make 
him stand. 



ROMANS. 357 

5 One man thinks that one day is better than another, 
another thinks that every day is alike. Let each be fully 
assured in his own mind. 6 He that regards the day, to the 
Lord he regards it; and he that does not regard the day, to 
the Lord he does not regard it. He that eats, eats to the 
Lord ; for he gives God thanks : and he that eats not, to the 
Lord he eats not, and gives God thanks. 7 For no one lives to 
himself, and no one dies to himself. 8 Por if we live, we live 
to the Lord; or if we die, we die to the Lord. Whether, 
therefore, we live or die, we are the Lord's. 9 For this very 
purpose, Christ both died and rose, and lived again, that he 
might have dominion over the dead and the living. 

10 But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you 
despise your brother ? For we all shall stand before the judg- 
ment-seat of the Christ. u For it is written: As I live, says 
the Lord, to me every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall 
confess to God. la Therefore, every one of us shall give an 
account of himself to God. 

13 Let us, therefore, no longer judge one another: but rather 
decide to put no stumbling-block or snare in your brother's 
way. 14 I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that 
there is nothing unclean of itself; but if any one thinks that 
any thing is unclean, to him it is unclean. 15 But if your 
brother is grieved on account of your food, you no longer walk 
according to love. Do not, with your food, destroy him, for 
whom Christ died. w Therefore, let not that which is your good 
be evil spoken of. 17 For the kingdom of God is not food and 
drink, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 

18 For he who serves the Christ in these things is acceptable 
to God, and approved by men. 19 Therefore, let us seek those 
things which belong to peace, and those which tend to mutual 



358 BOMANS. [xv. 

edification. 20 Destroy not the work of God on account of food. 
All meats, indeed, are clean; but meat is an evil to that man 
who, by eating, causes another to stumble. 21 It is good nei- 
ther to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor to do any thing by 
which your brother stumbles, or is ensnared, or is made weak. 

22 Have you faith ? Have it to yourself before God. Blessed 
is he who condemns not himself in that which he approves. 

23 But he that doubts is condemned, if he eat, because he eats 
not with faith. Every thing that is not of faith, is sin. 

XV. 1 But we that are strong ought to .bear the infirmities 
of those who are not strong, and not to please ourselves. 2 Let 
each one of us please his neighbor in that which is good for 
his edification. 3 For the Christ did not please himself; but 
as it is written : The reproaches of them that reproached thee, 
fell on me. 4 For the things which, were formerly written, were 
written for our instruction, that we, through the patience and 
.the comfort which the scriptures give, might have hope. 5 Now, 
may the God of patience and comfort make you of the same mind 
one toward another, according to Christ Jesus; 6 that with one 
mind and with one voice you may glorify God, even the Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 7 Wherefore, receive one another 
with kindness, as the Christ has received you, to the glory of 
God. 

8 Now, I say, that Jesus Christ, as a minister, was of the 
circumcision for the sake of the truth of God, in order to con- 
firm the promises made to the fathers, 9 and that the Gentiles 
might glorify God for his mercy, as it is written : For this 
cause I will give praise to thee among the Gentiles, and to thy 
name will I sing. 10 And again he says: Rejoice, you Gentiles, 
with his people. n And again : Praise the Lord, all you Gen- 



xv.j BO MANS. 359 

tiles, and applaud him all you peoples. 12 And again, Isaiah 
says : There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to 
rule the Gentiles, in him shall the Gentiles trust. 13 Now may 
the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, 
that you may abound in the hope, by the power of the Holy 
Spirit. 

.PAST IV. Conclusion. 

14 And I myself am persuaded concerning you, my brethren, 
that you yourselves are full of all goodness, having been filled 
with all knowledge, able also to instruct one another. 15 Yet 
I have written to you more boldly in part, my brethren, as if 
I would put you in remembrance, on account of the grace 
which is given to me by God, 16 that I may be the public 
servant of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, officiating as a priest 
with respect to the gospel of God, that the offering up of the 
Gentiles may be acceptable, having been sanctified by the Holy 
Spirit. 17 1 have, therefore, cause to glory in Christ Jesus in 
things that pertain to God. 

18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which 
Christ has not accomplished through me, by word and deed, in 
order to make the Gentiles obedient, 19 by the power of signs 
and wonders by the power of the Holy Spirit. So that from 
Jerusalem, and round about as far as Illyricum, I have fully 
preached the gospel of the Christ; 20 so earnestly desirous have 
I been to preach the gospel, not where Christ had been named, 
lest I should build on another man's foundation ; 21 but, as it is 
written : They to whom he was not preached, shall see ; and 
they who have not heard, shall understand. 

22 For which reason, also, I have been often hindered from 
coming to you. 23 But now, having no longer a place in these 



360 BOMANS. . [xvi. 

regions, and having had for many years a strong desire to come 
to you, 2 *when I make my journey into Spain, I hope, in pass- 
ing through, to see you, and to be conducted by you on my 
journey thither, after I am first partly satisfied with your com- 
pany. ^But now I am going to Jerusalem, to minister to the 
saints. 26 For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make 
a contribution for the poor saints who are in Jerusalem : 27 they 
have been pleased to do so, and they are their debtors. For if 
the Gentiles have become partakers of their spiritual things, 
they ought to minister to them in things pertaining to the flesh. 
28 When, therefore, I shall have performed this, and have de- 
livered to them this fruit, I will go by you into Spain. 29 And 
I know that in coming to you, I shall come in the fullness of 
the blessing of Christ. 

30 Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, 
and by the love of the Spirit, that you strive together with me, 
in your prayers to God for me, 3l that I may be delivered from 
the unbelievers in Judea, and that this service of mine, which 
is for Jerusalem, may be acceptable to the saints ; 32 that I may 
come to you with joy, by the will of G-od, and may be refreshed 
among you. 33 The God of peace be with you all. Amen. 

XVI. 1 1 commend to you Phcebe our sister, who is a dea- 
coness of the church that is in Cenchrea, 2 that you receive her 
in the Lord in a manner worthy of saints, and that you aid her 
in whatever matter she may have need of you; for she has 
aided many, and myself also. 

3 Salute Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow-laborers in Christ Je- 
sus ; 4 who, for my life, laid down their own necks ; to whom not 
only do I give thanks, but all the churches of the Gentiles: 
5 and salute the church that is in their house. Salute Epene- 



XVL] .BO MANS. 361 

tus my beloved, who is the first fruits of Asia to Christ. 6 Sa- 
lute Mary, who bestowed much labor on us. 7 Salute Androni- 
cus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who are 
noted among the apostles, who, also, were in Christ before me. 

8 Salute Amplias, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Salute Urbanus, 
our fellow-workman in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. 10 Sa- 
lute Appelles, approved in Christ. Salute those who are of the 
household of Aristobulus. n Salute Herodion, my kinsman. 
Salute those of the household of Narcissus, who are in the 
Lord. lz Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labored in the 
Lord. Salute Persis the beloved, who labored much in the Lord. 
13 Salute Eufus, the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and 
mine. 

14 Salute Asyncritus,-Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and 
the brethren with them. 15 Salute Philologus and Julia, Ne- 
reus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints that are 
with them. 16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. The 
churches of the Christ salute you. 

17 Now I beseech you, brethren, to mark those who make 
divisions and cause offenses in opposition to the teaching which 
you have learned, and avoid them. 18 For such serve not our 
Lord Christ, but their own appetites ; and, by good words and 
fair speeches, they deceive the hearts of the simple. 19 For your 
obedience has gone abroad to all men : I rejoice, therefore, on 
your account. But I desire you to be wise in respect to that 
which is good, and guileless in respect to that which- is evil. 
20 The God of peace will soon bruise Satan under your feet. 

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you 

21 Timothy, my fellow-workman, and Lucius and Jason and 
Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you. 

22 1, Tertius, who wrote this letter, salute you in the Lord. 



362 " BOMANS. . [xvi. ' 

23 Gaius, my host, and the host of the whole church, salutes 
you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, and Quartus, my 
brotner, salute you. 2 *The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be 
with you all. Amen. 

25 Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my 
gospel, even the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the 
i-evelation of the mystery which was concealed during the times 
of the ages, 26 but is now made manifest, and through the 
scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of 
the eternal God, made known among all nations for the obedi- 
ence of faith, 27 to the only wise God, through Jesus -Christ, be 
glory throughout the ages. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS. 



FIRST LETTEE. 

I. l ~j~) ATJL, a called apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of 
. JL God, and Sosthenes my brother, 2 to the church of God 
which is in Corinth, to the sanctified in Christ Jesus, called 
saints, with all that in every place call on the name of Jesus 
Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours : 3 grace be to you, and 
peace from God our Father,' and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 

4 1 thank my God always on your account, for the grace of 
God which is given to you in Christ Jesus; 5 that you are' 
enriched by him in every thing, in all speech, and in all knowl- 
edge, 6 even as the testimony concerning the Christ was con- 
firmed among you, 7 so that you are deficient in no gift, while 
waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ. 8 He also 
will establish you even to the end, and make you blameless in 
the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 God is faithful, by whom 
you have been called into the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ 
our Lord. 

10 Now, I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there 
be no schisms among you, but that you be perfectly united in 
the same mind, and in the same judgment. - ll For it has been 
made known to me concerning you, my brethren, by the family 
of Cloe, that there are contentions among you. 12 1 mean this : 

(363) 



64 I. COBINTHIANS. [i. 



that each one of you says, I am of Paul, and I of Apollos, and 
I of Cephas, and I of Christ. 

18 Is the Christ divided ? Was Paul crucified for you ? or 
were you immersed into the name of Paul? 14 I thank God 
that I immersed none of you, but Crispus and Graius ; 15 that no 
one may say that I immersed into my own name. 16 I did, in- 
deed, immerse the household of Stephanus ; besides, I know not 
whether I immersed any other. "For Christ sent me not to 
immerse, but to preach the gospel : not with wisdom of speech, 
lest the cross of the Christ should be deprived of its power. 

18 For the preaching of the cross is to those who perish, fool- 
ishness; but to us who are saved, it is the power of God. 

19 For it is written : I will destroy the wisdom of the wise ; and 
I will set aside the understanding of the prudent. 20 Where is 
the wise man ? Where is the scribe ? Where is the disputer 
of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this 
world ? 21 For, since in the wisdom of God, the world, by its 
wisdom, knew not God, it has pleased God, through the foolish- 
ness of what is preached, to save those who believe. 22 For the 
Jews ask for a sign, and the Greeks seek for wisdom ; 23 but we 
preach Christ crucified ; to the Jews, indeed, a stumbling-block, 
and to the Greeks, foolishness : 2<t but to those who are called, 
both Jews and Greeks, Christ, the power of God, and the wis- 
dom of God. 25 For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; 
and the weakness of God is stronger than men. 

. 26 For you see your calling, brethren, that not many wise 
men according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble 
call you 2T but God has chosen the foolish things of the world, 
that he may bring to shame the wise ; and the weak things of 
the world has God chosen, that he may put to shame the strong; 
28 and the ignoble things of the world, and the things that are 



IL ] I COEINTHIANS. 365 

despised, lias God chosen, and the things that are not, that he 
might bring to nought things that are; 29 that no flesh should 
glory in his presence. 30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, 
who has become to us, from God, wisdom and righteousness and 
sanctification and redemption ; 31 that, as it is written : He that 
glories, let him glory in the Lord. 

II. *And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with 
excellence of speech or of wisdom, declaring to you the testi- 
mony of God. 2 For I determined not to know any thing 
among you but Jesus Christ, and him crucified. 3 And I was 
with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling: 
4 and my speech and my preaching were not in persuasive words 
of man's -wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of 
power, Hhat your faith might not be in the wisdom of men, 
but in the power of God. 

6 Yet we speak wisdom among the perfect; but not the wis- 
dom of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are brought 
to nought : 7 but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, even 
that which had been hidden, which God predestined before the 
ages, for our glory, 8 which none of the rulers of this age knew ; 
for, had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord 
of Glory. 9 But, as it is written : Eye has not seen, and ear 
has not heard, and into the heart of man have not entered the 
things which God has prepared for them that love him. 1 But 
God has revealed them to us through his Spirit ; for the Spirit 
searches all things, even the deep things of God. n For what 
man knows the things of man, but the spirit of man which is 
in him ? Even so, the things of God no one knows, but the 
Spirit of God. 

12 And we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the 



366 I OOBINTHIANS. [in.: 

Spirit which is from God, that we may know the things that 
are freely given to us by God : 13 which things also we speak, 
not in words taught by man's wisdom, but in words taught by 
the Spirit, comparing spiritual things with spiritual things. 
14 But an animal man receives not the things of the Spirit of 
God, for they are foolishness to him, and he can not know them, 
because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But the spiritual 
man discerns all things; yet he himself is discerned by no one. 
16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may in- 
struct him ? But we have the mind of Christ. 



III. -"^And I, brethren, was not able to speak to you, as to 
spiritual men, but as to those who are carnal, as to babes in 
Christ. 2 I fed you with milk, not with meat; for you were 
not then able to bear it; indeed, not even now are you able; 
3 for you are yet carnal. For, since envy and strife and divis- 
ions are among you, are you not carnal, and do you not walk 
as men? *For when one says, I am of Paul, and another, I 
of Apollos, are you not carnal ? 

5 Who, then, is Paul? and who is Apollos? Ministers by 
whom you have believed, even as the Lord gave to each one. 
G I planted, Apollos watered: but God made to grow. 7 So, 
neither he that plants nor he that waters is any thing: but 
God that makes to grow. 8 But he that plants and he that 
waters are one; and each one shall receive his own reward, 
according to his own labor. 9 For we are fellow-laborers for 
God : you are God's field, you are God's building. 

10 According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a 
wise master-builder, I have laid the foundation, and another 
builds on this. But let every one take heed how he builds on 
this. " For other foundation can no man lay than that which 



IV .] I OOBINTHIANS. 367 

is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 If any man builds on this foun- 
dation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble, 13 each 
man's work shall be made manifest; for the day shall make 
it manifest, for it is revealed with fire : and the fire shall try 
each man's work, what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide, 
which he builds on this, he shall receive a reward; 15 if any 
man's work be burned, he shall suffer loss : but he himself shall 
be saved, yet so, as through fire. 

16 Know you not that you are the temple of God, and that 
the Spirit of God dwells in you? 1T If any man defile the temple 
of God, him shall God destroy : for the temple of God is holy, 
which temple you are. 18 Let no one deceive himself: if any 
one among you is considered as wise in this age, let him become 
a fool, that he may be wise. 19 For the wisdom of this world 
is foolishness with God ; for it is written : He takes the wise 
in their- own craftiness. 20 And again : The Lord knows the 
thoughts of the wise, that they are vain. 

21 Therefore, let no one glory in men ; for all things are yours, 
22 whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or 
death, or things present, or things to come, all are yours : ^ and 
you are Christ's : and Christ is God's. 

IV. l Let each one so think of us as ministers of Christ, and 
stewards of the mysteries of God. 2 Now it is required in stew- 
ards, that each one be found faithful. 3 But with me, it mat- 
ters very little, that I should be judged by you, or by the 
judgment of men : indeed, I do not judge myself. * For, though 
I am conscious of no wrong, yet by this I am not justified : but 
he that judges me is the Lord. 5 So, then, judge nothing be- 
fore the time, till the Lord comes, who will bring to light the 
secret works of darkness, and will also make manifest the coun- 



368 I COBINTHIANS. [iv. 

sels of the hearts : and then shall each have his praise from 
God. 

6 And these things, brethren, I have, in figure, applied to my- 
self and Apollos, for your sakes, that you may learn in us not 
to think more of teachers than what has been written ; and that 
no one of you be vain of one to the injury of another. 7 For 
who gave you distinction, as a teacher ? And what have you 
as a teacher, that you did not receive T And if you received it, 
why do you boast, as if you had not received it ? 

8 You, Corinthians, are already full; you are already rich; 
you have reigned as kings independently of us. And that 
you did indeed reign, that we also might reign with you ! 9 For 
I think that Grod has appointed us the apostles, to the lowest 
place, as under sentence of death ; for we have become a spec- 
tacle to the world, both to angels and to men. 10 "We are fools 
for Christ's sake, but you are wise in Christ ; we are weak, but 
you are strong ; you are honored, but we are despised. n Even 
to this present hour we both hunger and thirst, and are poorly 
clothed, and are maltreated, and wander about without a home, 
12 and labor, working with our own hands. When reviled, we 
bless; when persecuted, we endure; 13 when defamed, we en- 
treat; we have become like the outcasts of the world, the off- 
scouring of all things to this day. 

14 1 do not write these things that I may make you ashamed ; 
but as my beloved children I admonish you. 15 For though you 
have ten thousand tutors in Christ, yet you have not many 
fathers : for in Christ Jesus I ha.ve begotten you through the 
gospel. 10 I exhort you, therefore, be imitators of me. 

17 For this reason have I sent to you Timothy, who is my son, 
beloved and faithful in the Lord, that he may remind you of 
my ways that are in Christ, as I teach everywhere, in every 



v.] I COBINTHIAWS. 369 

church. 18 Now, some have become arrogant, as if I were not 
coming to you ; 19 but I will come to you quickly, if the Lord 
will ; and I will know, not the speech of those who have become 
arrogant, but the power. 20 For the kingdom of God is not in 
speech, but in power. 21 What do you wish? Shall I come to 
you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of gentleness ? 

V. 1 It is generally reported that there is lewdness among 
you ; and such lewdness as is not even mentioned among the 
Gentiles that a certain one has his father's wife. 2 And you 
are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that has 
done this deed might be taken from among you. 3 For I, in- 
deed, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have already, 
as if I were present, judged him that has so done this thing; 
4 in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you and my 
spirit have come together, with the power of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, 5 that we deliver such a one over to Satan, for the de- 
struction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day 
of the Lord Jesus. 

6 Your boasting is not good ; know you not that a little leaven 
leavens the whole mass ? 7 Purge out the old leaven, that you 
may be a new mass, as you are without leaven ; for Christ, our 
passover, has been sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore, let us keep the 
feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and 
wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of purity and truth. 

9 1 have written to you in the letter not to associate with 
lewd persons ; 10 yet without the lest allusion to the lewd, or the 
covetous, or the extortioners, or the idolaters of this world; for 
then you must go out of the world; n but now I write to you, 
not to associate with any one professing to be a brother, if he 
is lewdj or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, 
24 



370 I COBINTHIANS. [yj, 

or an extortioner : with such a one not even to eat. 12 For what 
right have I to judge those who are without? Do you not 
judge those who are within? 13 But God will judge those who 
are without. So then judge, and put away that wicked man 
from among you. 

VI. 1 Does any one of you that has a matter of dispute with 
another, presume to be judged before the unrighteous, and not 
before the saints ? 2 Know you not that the saints shall judge 
the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you 
unworthy to decide concerning the smallest matters? 3 Know 
you not that we shall judge angels ? Much more then, things 
pertaining to this life. *If, then, you have controversies per- 
taining to things of this life, do you set them to judge who 
are the least esteemed in the church. 

5 1 speak to your shame. ] it so, that 'there is not among 
you a wise man, not even one, who shall be able to arbitrate 
between his brethren ? 6 But brother goes to law with brother, 
and this before the unbelievers ? 7 Now, certainly, you are al- 
together in fault, that you have law-suits with one another. 
Why do you not rather suffer injustice? Why do you not 
rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded? 8 But you act un- 
justly, and you defraud, and that, too, your brethren. 9 Know 
you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of 
God ? Be not deceived ; neither lewd persons, nor idolaters, nor 
adulterers, nor catamites, nor sodomites, 10 'nor thieves, nor de- 
frauders, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall 
inherit the kingdom of God. " And such were some of you : 
but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justi- 
fied, in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our 
God. 



vii.] I CORINTHIANS. 371 

12 All meats are lawful for me : but all are not profitable. All 
are lawful for me; but I will not be brought under subjection 
by any. 13 Meats for the stomach., and the stomach for meats; 
but God will destroy both it and them. But the body is not 
for lewdness, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body: 14 and 
God has raised up the Lord, and will also raise us up by his 
power. l5 K.now you not that your bodies are the members of 
Christ? Shall I, then, take the members of the Christ, and 
make them the members of a harlot? It must not be. 

16 Know you not that he that is joined to a harlot, is one 
body? For the two, says the scripture, shall be one flesh. 
"But he that is joined to the Lord, is one spirit. 18 Shun lewd- 
ness. Every sin that a man commits, is without the body; 
but he that is guilty of lewdness sins against his own body. 
19 Know you not that your body is the temple of the Holy 
Spirit, which you have from God, and that you are not your 
own? ^For you have been bought with a price: therefore, 
glorify God in your body. 

VII. * Now concerning the things of which you wrote to me, 
it is good for a man not to touch a woman. 2 But, to avoid 
lewd practices, let every man have his own wife, and every 
woman her own husband. 3 Let the husband render to the wife 
that which is due, and likewise, also, the wife to the husband. 
4 The wife has not power over her own body, but the husband ; 
likewise, also, the husband has not power over his own body, 
but the wife. 5 Debar not one another, unless by agreement, 
for a time, that you may have leisure for prayer; and come 
together again, lest Satan tempt you through your incontinence. 
e But this I say by permission, not by commandment: 7 for I 
could wish that all men were even as I am myself. But each. 



372 I COEINTHIANS. [vn. 

one has his own gift from God, one in this way, another in 
that. 

8 But I say to the unmarried and to the widows : It would 
be good for them, if they remain as I myself. 9 But if they 
can not be continent, let them marry; for it is better to marry 
than to burn. 10 But to the married I give commandment, not 
I, but the Lord : Let not the wife leave her husband : u but if 
she leave him, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to 
her husband : and, let not the husband put away his wife. 

12 But to the rest, I, and not the Lord, say : If any brother 
has a wife that believes not, and she is well pleased to dwell 
with him, let him not put her away. 13 And if any woman has 
a husband that believes not, and he is well pleased to dwell with 
her, let her not put him away. u For the unbelieving husband 
is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified 
by the husband ; for if not, then are your children unclean ; but 
now they are holy. 15 But if the unbelieving depart, let him 
depart; the brother or sister is not bound in such cases. But 
God has called us to live in peace. 1G Por how do you know, 
wife, but that you may save your husband? Or how do 
you know, husband, but that you may save your wife? 
17 But as God has assigned a place to every one, as the Lord has 
called every one, so let him continue to live : and so do I com- 
mand in all the churches. 

18 Has any one been called that had been circumcised ? Let 
him not seek to remove the mark of circumcision. Has any 
one been called that had not been circumcised ? Let him not 
be circumcised. 1!) Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision 
is nothing; but the keeping of the commandments of God is 
our aim. 20 Let every one remain in that condition in which 
he was, when called. 21 Were you a servant when you were 



VIL] I COBINTHIANS. 373 

called? Care not for it. But if you can become free, rather 
enjoy your freedom. 22 For lie that is in the Lord, having been 
called when a servant, is the Lord's freedman. Likewise, also, 
the freeman who has been called, is Christ's servant. ^You 
have been bought with a price; become not the servants of 
men. 24 Brethren, let every one, in whatever condition he is 
called, abide in this with God. 

25 But with respect to virgins, I have no commandment of the 
Lord : yet I give my judgment as one that is enabled, by the 
mercy of the Lord, to be faithful. 26 1 think, then, that this is 
good for the present affliction that it is good for a man to be 
as he is. 27 Are you bound to a wife? Seek not a separation. 
Are you loosed from a wife? Seek not a wife. 28 But if you 
should marry, you would not sin. And if a virgin should 
marry, she would not sin. But such will have affliction in the 
flesh. But I spare you. 

29 Now, this I say, brethren, the time is fraught with trials. 
It remains that those who have wives be as though they had 
them not; 30 and those who weep, as though they wept not; and 
those who rejoice, as though they rejoiced not;. and those who 
buy, as though they possessed not : 31 and those who use this 
world, as not abusing it; for the outward show of this world 
passes away. 32 But I would have you to be without anxiety. 
The unmarried man is concerned about the things of the Lord, 
how he may please the Lord : 33 but he that is married, is con- 
cerned about the things of the world, how he may please his 
wife. 34 There is a difference also between a wife and a virgin. 
The unmarried woman is concerned about the things of the 
Lord, that she may be holy in body and in spirit; but she that 
is married, is concerned about the things of the world, how she 
may please her husband. 35 I speak this for your own profit; 



374 I CORINTHIANS. [vm. 

not that I would entangle you, but that you may decorously 
and devotedly wait upon the Lord, without distraction. 

36 But if any man thinks he would treat his virgin daughter 
amiss, should she pass the bloom of life, and it is necessary that 
it should be so, let him do as he pleases, he does not sin; let 
them (the suitor and the daughter) marry. 37 But he that 
stands firm in his purpose, having no necessity to give his 
daughter in 'marriage, but has liberty with respect to his own 
will, and has thus decided in his own heart, that he will keep 
his daughter a virgin, does well. 38 So then, even he that gives 
her in marriage, does well; but he that gives her not in mar- 
riage, does better. 

39 The wife is bound as long as her husband lives ; but if her 
husband die, she is free to be married to whom she will, only in 
the Lord. *But she is happier, in my judgment, if she re- 
mains as she is; and I think that I have, also, the Spirit of 
God. 

VIII. * Now, with respect to meats offered to idols, we know, 
(for we all have knowledge : knowledge puffs up with pride, but 
love edifi.es. 2 If any one thinks that he knows any thing, he 
knows nothing yet, as he ought to know it : 3 but if any one 
loves God, he is taught by him). 4 With respect, then, to the 
eating of meats offered to idols, we know that an idol is noth- 
ing in the world, and that there is no other God but one. 
6 For though there are those which are called gods, whether in 
heaven or on earth, (as there are many gods, and many lords,) 
6 yet to us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all 
things, and we for him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom 
are all things, and we by him. 7 But all have not this knowl- 
edge ; for some, under the persuasion that an idol is a reality, 



ix.] I CORINTHIAN S.. 375 

even yet eat meat, as if it were offered to an idol, and their 
conscience being weak, is defiled. 

8 But meat commends us not to God; for, neither if we eat 
are we better, nor, if we eat not, are we worse. 9 But take 
heed, lest, by any means, this right of yours become a stum- 
bling-block to those who are weak. 10 For, if any one see you, 
who have knowledge, reclining at table in an idol's temple, will 
not the conscience of him who is weak be emboldened, so that 
he will eat meats offered to idols? u and will not the weak 
brother, for whom Christ died, perish through your knowledge? 
12 But if you sin in this way against the brethren, and wound 
their weak conscience, you sin against Christ. 13 For which 
reason, if meat cause my brother to fall, I will never eat meat, 
lest I cause my brother to fall. 

IX. 1 Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not 
seen Jesus Christ our Lord? Are you not my work in the 
Lord? 2 If I am not an apostle to others, yet certainly I am 
to you ; for the seal of my apostleship are you in the Lord. 
3 My answer to those who examine me is this: * Have we not 
the right to eat and drink ? 5 Have we not the right to lead 
about a sister wife, as the other apostles, and the brothers of 
the Lord, and Cephas? 6 0r, have I only, and Barnabas, no 
right to ]eave off working? 

7 What man ever serves as a soldier, at his own expense? 
Who plants a vineyard, and eats not of its fruit? Or who 
tends a flock, and eats not of the milk of the flock? 8 Do I 
speak these things as a man ? Or does not the law, also, say 
the same ? 9 For it is written in the law of Moses : You shall 
not muzzle the ox that treads out the grain? Has G-od a care 
for oxen ? 10 or does he say it wholly for our sakes ? For our 



376 I OOEINTHIANS. [ix. 

sakes, no doubt, it was written : that he that plows should plow 
in hope, and that he that thrashes should thrash in hope of 
partaking. n If we have sown, for your benefit, things that 
are spiritual, is it a great thing that we reap your carnal 
things ? 12 If others partake of this right over you, should not 
we rather ? But we have not used this right : but we endure 
all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of the Christ. 

13 Do you not know that those who are engaged about sacred 
rites have their living from the temple? and that those who 
attend upon the altar are partakers with the altar ? w So, also, 
the Lord has ordained that those who preach the gospel should 
live by the gospel. 

15 But I have availed myself of none of these things ; nor do 
I write these things that it should be so done to me. For it 
would be better for me to die, than that any one should make 
my boasting vain. 16 For though I preach the gospel, I have 
no cause for boasting; for a necessity is laid upon me; yes, 
alas for me, if I preach not the gospel. 17 For if I do this wil- 
lingly, I have a reward ; but if unwillingly, an apostolic stew- 
ardship has been intrusted to me. 18 What, then, is my reward? 
That, while I preach, I may make the gospel of Christ to be 
without charge, in order that I may not abuse my authority in 
the gospel. 

19 For, though I am free from all men, yet have I made my- 
self a servant to all, that I may gain the more. 20 And to the 
Jews, I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews : to those' 
who are under law, as under law, (not being myself under law,) 
that I might gain those who are under law ; 21 to those who are 
without law, as without law, (not being myself without law to 
God, but under law to Christ,) that I might gain those who are 
without law : 22 to the weak I became like one who was weak, 



x .] I CORINTHIANS. 377 

that I might gain the weak : I have become all things to all 
men, that I may, by all means, save some. ^And this I do 
for the gospel's sake, that I may share its benefits with you. 

24 Know you not that all the runners in the race- course run 
the race, but that one receives the prize ? So run, that you 
may obtain the prize. 25 Every combatant in the public games 
is temperate in all things : they, indeed, that they may obtain 
a corruptible, but we, that we may obtain an incorruptible 
crown. 26 1, therefore, so run, not as with uncertainty; I so 
aim my blows, not as one that beats the air ; 27 but I put my 
body under severe discipline, and bring, it into subjection, lest, 
after I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected. 

X. 1 Now, brethren, I do not wish you to be ignorant, that 
all our fathers were under the cloud, and that all passed through 
the sea, 2 and were all immersed into Moses, in the cloud and 
in the sea ; 3 and did all eat the same spiritual food, 4 and did 
all drink the same spiritual drink : for they drank of that spir- 
itual Eock that followed them, and that Rock was the Christ. 
5 But with the most of them God was not well pleased, for they 
were overthrown in the wilderness. 

6 Now these things took place as examples for us, that we 
should not desire evil things, as they, also, desired. 7 Neither 
be you idolaters, as some of them were, as it is written : The 
people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to engage in 
idolatrous sport. 8 Nor let us be guilty of lewdness, as some 
of them were guilty, and fell, in one day, twenty-three thou- 
sand. 9 Nor let us tempt the Christ, as some of them also 
tempted, and were destroyed by serpents. 10 Nor do you mur- 
mur, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed by 
the destroyer. n Now all these things happened to them as 



378 I COBINTHIANS. [x. 

examples, and they are written for the instruction of us, upon 
whom the ends of the ages have come. 12 Wherefore, let him 
that thinks he stands, take heed 'lest he fall. 

13 No trial has come upon you but such as is common to 
man : hut God is faithful, who will not suffer you to he tried 
more than you are able to bear; but he will, with the trial, 
make a way to escape, so that you be able to bear up under it. 

14 Wherefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. 15 1 speak as 
to wise men; judge you what I say. 16 The cup of blessing 
which we bless, is it not the participation of the blood of the 
Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the participation 
of the body of the Christ ? " Because the loaf is one, we, the 
many, are one body, for we are all partakers of the one loaf. 
18 Look at Israel according to the flesh : are not those who eat 
the sacrifices partakers with the altar ? 19 What, then, do I say ? 
That an idol is any thing? or, that what is sacrificed to an 
idol is any thing ? 20 But I say, that the things which the Gen- 
tiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and not to God. I do 
not wish you to be partakers with demons. 21 Tou can not 
drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of demons : you can 
not be partakers of the table of the Lord, and of the table of 
demons. 22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy ? Are we 
stronger than he? 

23 All meats are lawful for me; but all are not profitable; all 
are lawful, but all do not edify. M Let no one seek his own, 
but each the welfare of the other. ^Any thing that is sold in 
the market, eat, asking no questions on account of conscience: 
26 for the earth and its fullness are the Lord's. 

27 If any one of the unbelievers invites you to a feast, and 
you are disposed to go, eat any thing that is set before you, 
asking no questions for conscience' sake. 28 But if any one say 



XL ] I COBINTHIANS. 379 

to you : This is sacrificed to idols ; eat not, for the sake ot him 
that pointed it out, and for conscience' sake : 29 conscience, I 
say, not your own, but that of the other. Why, then, is my 
liberty judged by the conscience of another ? 39 If I partake 
with thanksgiving, why am I evil spoken of on account of that 
for which I give thanks? 31 Whether, therefore, you eat or 
drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 32 Give 
no occasion for stumbling, either to the Jews, or to the Greeks, 
or to the church of God ; 33 even as I please all men in all 
things, not seeking my own good, but that of the many, in 
order that they may be saved. 

XI. x Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ. 2 Now, I praise 
you, brethren, because you remember me in all things, and 
keep the traditions as I delivered them. to you. 3 But I wish 
you to know, that the head of every man is the Christ, and 
the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ 
is God. 4 Every man that prays or prophesies, having Ms head 
covered, dishonors his head. 5 But every woman that prays or 
prophesies with her head uncovered, dishonors her head : for it 
is one and the same as if she was shaved. 6 For if a woman 
has no vail on, let her also be shaved. But if it is a shame to 
a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her have a vail. 

7 For a man ought not to vail his head, because he is the im- 
age and glory of God ; but the woman is the glory of the man. 
8 For the man is not of the woman, but the woman of the man : 

I for the man was not created for the woman, but the woman 
for the man. 10 For this reason ought the woman to have a 
token of subjection on her head, on account of the ange-ls. 

II But neither is the woman without the man, nor the man 
without the woman, in the Lord. 12 For as the woman is of the 



380 I COEIN-THIANS. [XL 

man, so also is the man by the woman; but all things are of 
God. 

13 Judge in yourselves, whether it is becoming that a woman 
pray to God unvailed. M Does not nature itself teach you, that, 
if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him ? 15 But if a 
woman has long hair, it is a glory to her ; for her hair is given 
to her for a vail. 16 But if any one seems to be contentious, we 
have no such custom, nor have the churches of God. 

17 But I praise you not in this, which I now mention, that 
you come together, not for the better, but for the worse. 18 For, 
in the first place, when you come together in the church, I hear 
that there are schisms among you, and I partly believe it : 19 for 
there must be sects among you, that the approved may be made 
known among you. 

20 When, therefore, you come together in one place, it is not 
to eat the Lord's supper ; 21 for each one, in eating, takes before . 
another, his own supper ; and one is hungry, and another is 
drunken. 22 What, have you not houses in which to eat and 
drink? or do you despise the church of God, and put those to 
shame who have nothing to eat? What shall I say to you? 
Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. 

23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered 
to you : That the Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was 
delivered up, took bread; M and when he had given thanks, he 
broke it, and said: Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken 
for you ; do this in remembrance of me. 25 In like manner also, 
the cup, after he had supped, saying : This cup is the new cove- 
nant in my blood : do this, as often as you drink it, in remem- 
brance of me. 20 For as often as you eat this bread, and drink 
this cup, you do show the Lord's death till he come. 

27 Wherefore he that eats this bread, or drinks this cup of the 



XIL] I OOEIN-THIANS, 381 

Lord, in an improper manner, shall be guilty of the body and 
the blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man examine himself, anc 1 
so let him eat of this bread, and drink of this cup: 29 for he 
that eats and drinks, not discerning the body, eats and drinks 
condemnation to himself. 30 For this reason, many among you 
are weak and sick, and many sleep. 31 For if we would judge 
ourselves, we should not be judged; 32 but being judged, we 
are chastened by the Lord, that we may not be condemned 
with the world. 33 Wherefore, my brethren, when you come 
together to eat, wait for one another: 34 and if any one is 
hungry, let him eat at home, that you come not together for 
condemnation. 35 But other things I will set in order when I 
come. 

XII. 1 But concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not wist 
you to be ignorant. 2 You know that you were Gentiles, car- 
ried away to those dumb idols, as you might be led. 3 Foi 
this reason, I make known to you, that no one, speaking by 
the Spirit of God, calls Jesus accursed: and no one can say 
that Jesus is Lord, but by the Holy Spirit. 

4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit ; 
5 and there are diversities of ministries, but the same Lord ; 
e and there are diversities of operations, but the same God, who 
makes them all effectual in all. 7 But the manifestation of the 
Spirit is given to each one, for the good of all. 8 For to one is 
given, by the Spirit, the word of wisdom ; to another, the word 
of knowledge, by the same Spirit; 9 to another, faith, by the 
same Spirit ; to another, gifts of healing, by the same Spirit ; 
10 to another, the working of mighty deeds; to another, prophecy; 
to another, the discerning of spirits ; to another, different kinds 
of tongues ; to another, the interpretation of tongues. 11 But all 



382 I CORINTHIANS. [xn. 

these, the one and the same Spirit makes effectual, distributing 
to each, respectively, as he wills. 

12 For as the body is one, and has many members, and all the 
members of the body, being many, are one body, so also is the 
Christ. 13 For by one Spirit we all were immersed into one 
body, whether Jews or Grreeks, whether bond or free; and we 
all have been made to drink of one Spirit. 

14 For the body is not one member, but many. 16 If the foot 
shall say: Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body, 
is it, for this reason, no part of the body? 16 And if the ear 
shall say : Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body, is 
it, for this reason, no part of the body ? 1T If the whole body 
were an eye, where were the hearing ? If the whole were hear- 
ing, where were the smelling? 18 But now God has placed the 
members, each of them, in the body, as it has pleased him. ' 

19 And if they were all one member, where were the body ? 

20 But now there are many members, but one body. 21 The eye 
can not say to the hand : I have no need of you ; or again, the 
head to the feet : I have no need of you. 

22 But much more are those members of the body necessary, 
which seem to be more feeble. ^And those members of the 
body, which, we think, are less honorable, around these we place 
the more abundant honor ; and our uncomely members have the 
more abundant comeliness : 2i for our comely members have no 
need. But Grod has so arranged the body, giving more abun- 
dant honor to that part which is deficient, 25 that there may 
be no schism in the body; but that the members should have 
the same anxious care, one for another ; 26 and if one member 
suffer, all the members suffer with it ; or if one member is hon- 
ored, all the members rejoice with it. 27 Now, you are the 
body of Christ, and, as individuals, you are members. 



XIIL] I COKINTHIANS. 383 

28 And God has placed some in the church, first, -apostles; 
secondly, prophets ; thirdly, teachers ; then mighty deeds ; then 
gifts of healing; helps, governments, kinds of tongues. 29 Are 
all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all 
workers of mighty deeds ? 30 Have all the gifts of healing ? Do 
all speak with tongues ? Do all interpret ? 3l But seek earn- 
estly the best gifts; and yet I show you a more excellent way. 

XIIL l Though I speak with the tongues of men and of an- 
gels, but have not love, I have become as sounding brass, or a 
clanging cymbal. 2 Aud though I have the gift of prophecy, 
and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge} and though I 
have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not 
love, I am nothing. 3 And though I give all my goods to feed 
the poor, and though I deliver up my body to be burned, and 
have not love, I am profited nothing. 

* Love suffers long, and is kind ; love envies not ; love boasts 
not ; is not vain, 5 does nothing unbecoming, seeks not her own, 
is not easily provoked, thinks no evil, 6 rejoices not in iniquity, 
but rejoices in the truth ; 7 bears all things, believes all things, 
hopes all things, endures all things. 

8 Love 'never fails ; but whether there be gifts of prophecy, 
they shall have an end ; or tongues, they shall cease ; or knowl- 
edge, it shall have an end. 9 For we know in part, and we 
prophesy in p^irt; 10 but when that which is perfect has come, 
then that which is in part shall have an end. n When I was a 
child, I spoke as a child, I had the mind of a child, I thought 
as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish 
things. 12 Now we see through a mirror, obscurely; but then, 
face to face ; now I know in part, but then shall I know, even 
as I am known. 



384 I COEINTHIANS. [xiv. 

13 And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but tne great- 
est of these is love. 



XIV. * Cultivate love, and earnestly desire spiritual gifts, 
but rather that you may prophesy. 2 For he that speaks in an 
unknown tongue, speaks not to men, but to Grod; for no one 
understands him : but yet in spirit he speaks mysteries. 3 But 
he that prophesies speaks to men so as to build them up, to 
exhort and comfort them. *He that speaks in an unknown 
tongue, edifies himself; but he that prophesies, edifies the 
church. 5 I am willing, indeed, that you should all speak in 
tongues, but rather that you should prophesy ; for greater is he 
that prophesies than he that speaks in tongues, unless he inter- 
prets, in order that the church may receive instruction. 

6 Now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in tongues, in 
what will I profit you, unless I speak to you by revelation, or 
by knowledge, or by prophecy, or by teaching ? 7 And even 
lifeless instruments, which produce sound, whether pipe or harp, 
unless they give a distinction in the notes, how shall that 
which is piped or harped be known ? 8 For if the trumpet give 
an uncertain sound, who will prepare himself for battle ? 9 So, 
also, unless you, with the tongue, utter words that are intelli- 
gible, how shall that which is spoken be known? for you will 
speak into the air. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of 
voices in the world, and none of them is without meaning. 
11 If, then, I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be to 
him that speaks a barbarian ; and he that speaks will be a 
barbarian to me. 

12 So, also, do you, since you greatly desire spiritual gifts, 
seek to excel to the building up of the church. 13 For which 
reason, let him that speaks in an unknown tongue pray that he 



XIV< ] I CORINTHIANS. 385 

may interpret. 14 For if I pray in an unknown tongue, the 
spirit which I have prays, but my understanding is unfruitful. 
15 What, then, is it ? I will pray with the spirit which is given 
to me, and I will pray with my understanding also. I will 
sing with the spirit that is given to me, and I will sing with 
my understanding also. 1B Otherwise, if you bless with the 
spirit that is given to you, how will he that occupies the place 
of the unlearned man say Amen, when you give thanks, since 
he understands not what you say ? 17 For you give thanks well, 
but the other is not edified. 18 1 thank G-od that I speak in 
tongues more than you all. 19 Yet in the church I would rather 
speak five words with my understanding, that I may instruct 
others, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue. 

20 Brethren, be not children in understanding : yet, in malice, 
be childlike; but, in understanding, be full-grown men. 2l ln 
the law it is written : Through men of other tongues' and other 
lips will I speak to this people; and not even thus will they 
hear me, says the Lord. 22 Therefore, tongues are for a sign, 
not to those who believe, but to those who believe not: but 
prophecy is not for those who believe not, but for those who 
believe. 

23 If, then, the whole church come together into the same 
place, and all speak in tongues, and there come in unlearned 
men, or unbelievers, will they not say that you are mad? 
24 But if all prophesy, and there comes in an unbeliever, or an 
unlearned man, he is convinced by all, he is examined by all, 
25 and the secrets of his heart are made manifest; and so, fall- 
ing down on his face, he will worship God, and report that (rod 
is really among you. 

26 What, then, is it, brethren? When you come together/each 
one of you has a psalm, has something to teach, has an un- 
25 



386 I OOEINTHIANS. [xiv. 

known tongue, has a revelation, has an interpretation. Let all 
things be done for edification. 27 If any speak in an unknown 
tongue, let two, or, at most, three, speak at each meeting, and 
in succession : and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no 
interpreter, let him keep silence in the church: but let him 
speak to himself, and to God. 29 Let two or three prophets 
speak, and let the others judge: 30 and if any thing be revealed 
to one who is sitting by, let the first be silent. 31 For you can 
all prophesy, one by one, that all may learn, and all may be 
encouraged; 32 and the spirits of the prophets are subject to the 
prophets ; 33 for God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, 
as in all the assemblies of the saints. 

34 Let your women keep silence in the assemblies; for they 
ire not permitted to speak ; but they must be in subjection, as 
also says the law. 35 But if they wish to learn any thing, let 
them ask their own husbands at home; for it is a shame for 
women to speak in an assembly. 36 Has the word of God come 
forth from you ? or did it come to you only ? 
. 37 If any one has the reputation of being a prophet, or spir- 
itual man, let him acknowledge that the things which I write 
to you are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if any one 
be ignorant, let him be ignorant. 39 Wherefore, brethren, earn- 
estly desire to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues. 
* Let all things be done with propriety, and in good order. 

XV. 1 But I make known to you, brethren, the gospel that I 
preached to you, which also you received, in which also you 
stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word 
which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 

3 For I delivered to you among the first things, that which 
I also received : That Christ died for our sins, according to the 



sv .] I CORINTHIANS. 387 

scriptures ; 4 and that he was buried ; and that he. rose again 
the third day, according to the scriptures; 5 and that he was 
seen by Cephas, then by the twelve; 6 after that, he was seen 
by more than five hundred brethren at once, of whom the 
greater part remain till this day ; but some have fallen asleep. 

7 After that, he was seen by James, then by all the apostles. 

8 Last of all, he was seen by me also, as one untimely born. 

9 For I am the least of the apostles, and I am not worthy to 
be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 
10 But, by the grace of G-od, I am what I am; and his grace, 
which was bestowed on me, has not been bestowed in vain : 
but I have labored more abundantly than they all ; not I, how- 
ever, but the grace of God which was with me. n Whether, 
therefore, I or they, so we preached, and so you believed. 

12 But if Christ is preached that he rose from the dead, how 
say some among you, that a resurrection of the dead is impos- 
sible ? 13 But if a resurrection of the dead is impossible, Christ 
has not been raised. M And if Christ has not been raised, then 
vain is our preaching, and vain also your faith. 15 "We are, 
indeed, also found false witnesses of God ; for we have testified 
against God, that he raised the Christ, whom he did not raise, 
if, indeed, the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not 
raised, Christ has not been raised ; 17 and if Christ has not been 
raised, your faith is vain; you are yet in your sins. 18 Then, 
also, those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 If 
in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the 
most miserable. 

20 But now, Christ has risen from the dead, the first-fruits of 
those who slept. 21 For, since through man came death, through 
man comes also the resurrection of the dead. ^For, as in 
Adam all die, so, also, in Christ shall all be made alive : ^ but 



388 I CORINTHIANS, [xv. 

eacli in his own order; Christ the first-fruit, afterward, those 
who are Christ's at his coming. 2i Then comes the end, when 
he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father ; 
when he shall have put down every principality and authority 
and power : 25 for he must reign till he has put all enemies 
xmder his feet. 26 The last enemy, Death, shall be destroyed. 
27 For he has put all things under his feet. But when the scrip- 
ture says, that all things are put under him, it is evident that 
he is excepted, who did put all things under him. 28 And when 
all things shall have been put under him, then, also, shall the 
Son himself be subjected to him that did put all things under 
him, that God may be the all in all. 

29 For else ; what shall those do, who are immersed for the 
dead, if the dead rise not at all ? Why, then, are they immersed 
for the dead ? 30 And why are we in danger every hour ? 31 1 
protest, by the joy which I have over you in Christ Jesus 
our Lord, I die daily. 32 If, to speak as a man, I have fought 
with wild beasts at Ephesus, what advantage is it to me, if the 
dead rise not ? Let us eat and drink, for to-morrow we die. 
33 Be not deceived : Evil communications corrupt good manners. 
34 Awake, as you should, to soberness, and sin not; for some 
"ha'ye not the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame. 

35 But some one will say : How are the dead raised up ? and 
"with what body do they come ? 3G Thoughtless man ! That 
\|hich you sow is not made alive, unless it die.; 37 and as to 
that' which you sow, you sow not the body that shall be pro- 
duced, but the naked grain, it may be of wheat, or ol some 
other' grain: 38 but God gives it a body, as it pleases him; 
arid" to every seed, its proper body. 39 All flesh is not the same 
"flesh; 'but there is one flesh of men, another of beasts, another 
'of fishes, and another of birds. 40 There are also bodies celestial, 



xv.] I COEINTHIANS. 389 

and bodies terrestrial : but the glory of the celestial is one, and 
that of the terrestrial is another. 41 There is one glory of the 
sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the 
stars; for star differs from star in glory. 

42 So, also, is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in cor- 
ruption, it is raised in in corruption : 43 it is sown in dishonor, 
it is raised in glory : it is sown in weakness, it is raised in 
power : 44 it is sown an animal body, it is raised a spiritual 
body. There is an animal body, and there is a spiritual body. 
45 So, also, it is written : The first man Adam became a living 
soul, the last Adam a life-giving spirit. 4e But that was not 
first which is spiritual, but that which is animal ; and afterward 
that which is spiritual. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy ; 
the second man, the Lord from heaven. 48 As the earthy man 
was, such also are the earthy ; and as the heavenly man is, such 
also shall the heavenly be. 49 And as we have borne the im- 
age of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heav- 
enly. 50 But this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood can not 
inherit the kingdom of God, nor does corruption inherit incor- 
ruption. 

51 Behold, I declare to you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, 
but we shall all be changed 52 in a moment, in the twinkling 
of an eye, at the last trumpet : For the trumpet shall sound, 
and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be 
changed. 63 For this corruptible body must put on incorrupti- 
bility; and this mortal body must put on immortality. M And 
when this corruptible body shall have put on incorruptibility, 
and this mortal body shall have put on immortality, then shall 
come to pass the word that is written : Death is swallowed up 
in victory. 55 Death, where is thy sting? Hades, where 
is thy victory? 56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength 



390 I CORINTHIANS, [xvi. 

of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to. God, who gives us the 
victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58 Therefore, my be- 
loved brethren, be firm, immovable, always abounding in the 
work of the Lord ; for you know that your labor is not in vain 
in the Lord. 

XVI. 1 As it respects the collection which is for the saints, 
as I have given orders to the churches of Gralatia, so also do 
you. 2 0n the first day of the week, let each of you lay by 
him, and treasure up as he has prospered, that there may be 
no collections when I come. 3 And when I come, whatever per- 
sons you approve, I will send with letters to carry your favor 
to Jerusalem. 4 And if it be proper that I also should go, they 
shall go with me. 

5 Now I will come to you, when I have passed through Mace- 
donia, for I intend to go through Macedonia ; 6 and perhaps I 
may abide with you, or even spend the winter, that you may 
conduct me on my way to whatever place I may go. 7 For I 
do not wish to see you now in passing; for I hope to spend 
some time with you, if the Lord permit. 8 But I will continue 
in Ephesus till Pentecost: 9 for a great and effective door is 
opened to me, and there are many adversaries. 

10 If Timothy come, see that he be with you, without fear: 
for he works the work of the Lord, as I also do. n Therelore, 
let no one despise him ; but conduct him forth in peace, that he 
may come to me : for I look for him with the brethren. 

12 As it respects Apollos my brother, I urged, him much to 
go to you with the brethren, yet he was not at all inclined to 
go now; but he will go when he has a suitable time. 

13 Be watchful, stand fast in the faith, be men, be resolute. 
14 Let every thing be done by you in love. 



xvi.] I GO El NTHIAN 8. 391 

15 1 beseech you, brethren, (you know the house of Stepha- 
nas, that they are the first-fruits of Achaia, and that they have 
devoted themselves to the ministry of the saints,) 16 that you 
submit yourselves to such, and to every one that works and 
labors with us. 

17 1 rejoice at the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and 
Achaicus; for they have supplied what was wanting on your 
part: 18 for they have refreshed my spirit, and yours. There- 
fore, acknowledge such. 

19 The churches of Asia salute you : Aquila and Priscilla, 
with the church that is in their house, send you many saluta- 
tions in the Lord. 20 A11 the brethren salute you. Salute one 
another with a holy kiss. 

21 The salutation of me, Paul, with my own hand. n If any 
one loves not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him 'be accursed. The 
Lord comes. 

23 The grace, of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 
love be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS. 



SECOND LETTER 

I. 1 T) AUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, 
I and Timothy my brother, to the church of God which 
is in Corinth, with all the saints that are in all Achaia : 2 grace 
be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

' 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort, 4 who con- 
soles us in all our afflictions, so that we are able to comfort 
those who are in any affliction, with the comfort with which we 
ourselves are comforted by God. 6 For as the sufferings for the 
Christ abound in us, so also through Christ abounds our conso- 
lation. 6 And if we are afflicted, it is for your consolation and 
salvation, which salvation is effected by your patient endurance 
of the same sufferings that we also suffer; (and our hope , in 
you is steadfast ; ) or if we are consoled, it is for your comfort 
and salvation ; 7 because we know, that as you. are partakers of 
the sufferings, so also you shall be partakers of the comfort. 

8 For we do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, concern- 
ing our affliction which came upon us in Asia, that we were ex- 
ceedingly oppressed, beyond our strength, so that we despaired 
even of life. 9 But we have in ourselves the sentence of death, 
that we may not trust in ourselves, but in God, who raises the 
(392) 



i.] II COEINTHIANS. 393 

dead ; 10 who delivered us from so great a death, and does still 
deliver us : in whom we have confidence, that he will continue 
to deliver us, n if you also unite in prayer for our aid, that the 
favor bestowed on us, through the intercession of many persons, 
may cause thanks to be given by many for us. 

12 For the ground of our rejoicing is this : the testimony of 
our conscience that we have lived in the world more abund- 
antly, indeed, for you in sincerity and godly purity, not in 
carnal wisdom, but in the grace of God. 13 For we write to 
you nothing else than what you recognize, or even acknowledge ; 
and which I hope you will acknowledge to the end ; H as some 
of you also acknowledge us, that we are the cause of your 
rejoicing, even as you, also, are of ours, in the day of the 
Lord Jesus. 

15 And in this confidence I intended to go to you before, that 
you might have a second benefit ; 16 and by you, to pass through 
into Macedonia, and to come again to you from Macedonia, and 
be conducted by you into Judea. 17 In forming this purpose, 
did I, therefore, behave with levity? or do I purpose what I 
purpose, according to the flesh, that there may be with me, yes 
yes, and no, no? 

18 But God is true ; for our preaching to you was not yes and 
no: 19 for the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached 
among you by us, by me and Sylvanus and Timothy, was not 
yes and no, but in him was yes. 20 For whatever promises of 
God there are, are in him yes, and in him amen, to the glory 
of God by us. 21 For he who establishes us with you in Christ, 
and has anointed us, is God, 22 who has also set his seal upon 
us, and given us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 

23 But I call on God as a witness against my soul, that wish- 
ing to spare you, I did not go to Corinth; 2i not that we are 



394 II CORINTHIANS. [n. 

lords over your faith, but fellow- workers for your joy: for by 
faith, you stand. 



II. 1 But I determined this in myself, that with sorrow I 
would not again come to you : 2 for if I cause you to grieve, who 
is he that makes me glad, but he that is made sorry by me? 
3 And I wrote to you this very thing, that, on coming to you, 
I might not have sorrow from those from whom I ought to 
receive joy ; because I have confidence in you all, that my joy 
is the joy of you all. 4 Por out of much affliction and distress 
of heart, I wrote to you with many tears : not that you might 
be grieved, but that you might know the love which I have 
more abundantly for you. 

5 But if any one has caused grief, he has grieved, not me 
only, but, in some measure not to speak harshly all of you. 
6 Sufficient for such a one is the punishment, which was inflicted 
by the greater number : 7 so that, on the other hand, you should 
rather forgive and comfort him, lest such a one should be- swal- 
lowed up in too much sorrow. 8 Wherefore, I exhort you to 
give him an assurance of your love. 9 For I wrote to you for 
this purpose also, that I might have a sure proof from you, 
whether you are obedient in all things. 10 Whom you forgive 
any thingj I forgive it also : for what I have forgiven, 'if I have 
forgiven any thing, I have forgiven for your sake, in the person 
of Christ, u lest an advantage should be taken of us by Satan ; 
for we are not ignorant of his devices. 

12 And when I came to Troas to preach the gospel of the 
Christ, and a door was opened to me in the Lord, 13 1 had no 
rest in my spirit, because I did not find Titus my brother ; but 
I took leave of them, and went into Macedonia. 

14 Now, thanks be to God, who always causes us to triumph 



in.] II CORINTHIANS. 395 

in the Christ, and sheds in every place, by us, the fragrance of 
the knowledge of himself. 15 For, through God, we are a sweet 
odor of Christ, among the saved, and among the lost : 16 to the 
one, we are the odor of death ending in death ; to the other, 
the odor of life ending in life : and who is sufficient for these 
things ? 17 For we do not, as the many, adulterate the word of 
(rod ; but, as from sincerity, but, as from God, in the sight of 
God speak we in Christ. 

III. 1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or do we 
need, as some do, letters of commendation to you, or letters of 
commendation from you? 2 Tou are our letter, written in our 
hearts, known and read by all men ; 3 you are well known to be 
a letter of Christ, written by us as his ministers, not with ink, 
but with the Spirit of the living God, not in tables of stone, 
but in fleshy tables of the heart. 

4 Now, confidence such as this we have, through the Christ, 
toward God ; 6 not that we are able, of ourselves, to devise any- 
thing, as from ourselves ; but our ability is from God, 6 who has 
made us able ministers of the new covenant, not of letter, but 
of spirit : for the letter kills, but the spirit makes alive. 7 For 
if the ministering of death, 6y means of a covenant that was 
written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the sons 
of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses, on ac- 
count of the glory of his face, which glory was to come to an 
end: 8 how shall not the ministering of the spirit be more glo- 
rious ? 9 For if the ministering of condemnation be glory, much 
more does the ministering of righteousness surpass in glory. 
10 For that which was made glorious had no glory in this re- 
spect, because of the glory that surpasses. " For if that which 
was to come to an end was glorious, much more that which ia 
to remain is glorious. 



396 II COBINTHIANS. [iv. 

12 Since then we have such hope, we use great plainness of 
speech, 1S and do not as Moses did, who put a vail over his face, 
so that the sons of Israel could not steadily look to the end of 
that which was to come to an end. 14 But their minds were 
blinded : for till this day, in the reading of the old covenant, 
the same vail remains not taken away, which vail is removed 
in Christ. 15 But to this day, when Moses is read, the vail is 
upon their heart : 1G but whenever their heart shall turn to the 
Lord, the vail shall be taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the 
Spirit ; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 
18 And we all, with unvailed face, reflecting the glory of the 
Lord, are changed into the same image, from glory to glory, 
even as by the Lord the Spirit. 

IV. * Wherefore, having this ministry, inasmuch as we have 
received mercy, we faint not; 2 but we have renounced the 
secret works of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor adulter- 
ating the word of God ; but, by the manifestation of the truth, 
commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight 
of God. 

3 But if our gospel is vailed, it is vailed among the lost, 
4 whose unbelieving minds the god of this age has darkened, so 
that the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the im- 
age of God, should not shine to them. 5 For we preach not 
ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your serv- 
ants, for Jesus' sake. 6 Because God, who commanded the light 
to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts, to give the 
light of the glorious knowledge of God in the person of Jesus 
Christ. 

7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the 
exceeding greatness of the power may be God's and not our 
own. 8 We are pressed on all sides, yet not restrained; per- 



v.] II OOEINTHIANS. 397 

plexed, but not in despair ; 9 persecuted, but not forsaken ; cast 
down, but not destroyed; 10 always bearing about in our body 
the violent death of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus 
may be made manifest in our body. n For we who live are 
continually delivered up to death for Jesus' sake, that the life 
also of Jesus may be made manifest in our mortal flesh. 

12 So, then, death is active in us, but life in you. 13 But, hav- 
ing the same spirit of faith, according to that which is written, 
I believed, and for this reason I have spoken; we also believe, 
and for this reason we speak, M knowing that he who raised up 
the Lord Jesus will raise us up also by Jesus, and present us 
together with you. 15 For all these afflictions are for your 
sakes, that the favor which abounds to me, may, through the 
thanksgiving of the many, abound richly to" the glory of God. 

16 For this reason we faint not : but though our outward 
man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day. 17 For 
our present light affliction works out for us an eternal fullness 
of glory, excelling all excellence, l8 while we look not at the 
things that are seen, but at the things that are not seen : for 
the things seen are temporal; but the things not seen are 
eternal. 

V. 1 For we know that if our earthly house, which is but a 

tent, should be destroyed, we have a building from God, a house 

not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2 For in this 

we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house 

that is from heaven, 3 since, having been clothed, we shall not 

be found naked. 4 For we who are in this tabernacle do groan, 

oeing burdened, not because we wish to be unclothed, but 

1 clothed upon, that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. 

5 Now, he that has formed us for this very thing is God, who 



398 II CORINTHIANS. ' [v. 

also has given us the earnest of the Spirit. 6 Therefore, we are 
always confident, especially since we know that, while living in 
the body, we are absent from the Lord: 7 for we walk by faith, 
not by sight: 8 we -are confident, indeed, and would be pleased 
rather to depart from the body, and to dwell with the Lord. 
9 For this reason we also endeavor, whether we remain in the 
body or depart from it, to be acceptable to -him. 10 For we must 
all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ, that each may 
receive his reward for the things done in his body, according 
to what he has done, whether good or evil. 

11 Knowing, then, the fearful judgment of the Lord, we per- 
suade men ; but we are made manifest to God. I hope, indeed, 
that we are also made manifest in your consciences. 12 We do 
not again commend ourselves to you, but give you an occasion 
to boast of us, that you may be able to answer those who glory 
in appearance, and not in heart. 13 For if we be beside our- 
selves, it is for God; or, if we be of sound mind, it is for you. 
11 For the love of Christ constrains us, because we have this 
judgment that if one died for all, then have all died : 15 and he 
died for all, that those who live should no more live for them- 
"selves, but for him who died for them, and rose again. 

16 So, then, we henceforth know no man according to the flesh; 
if, indeed, we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet 
now we no longer thus know him. 17 So, then, if any man is 
in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things have passed 
away; behold, all things have become new. 18 And all these 
things are from God, who has reconciled us to himself through 
Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation ; 
19 that is, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to him- 
self, not charging their offenses to them, and he has committed 
to us the word of reconciliation. 



vi.] II CORINTHIANS. 399 

20 Therefore, we act as ambassadors for Christ, as though God 
entreated through us; we beseech in Christ's stead, be reconr 
ciled to God: 21 for he has made him, who knew no sin, a sin- 
offering for us, that we might become the righteousness of God 
in him. 

VI. a As co-workers with him, we beseech you, that you re- 
ceive not the grace of God in vain : ( 2 for he says : I have heard 
thee in an acceptable time, and in the day of salvation I have 
helped thee. Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now 
is the day of salvation :) 3 for we put no stumbling-block in any 
man's way, in order that this ministry may not be blamed ; * but 
in all things we commend ourselves as the ministers of God, in 
much suffering, in afflictions, in distresses, in straits, 5 in stripes, 
in prisons, in commotions, in labors, in watchings, in fastings; 
6 by purity, by knowledge, by long forbearance, by kindness, by 
the Holy Spirit, by love unfeigned, 7 by the word of truth, by 
the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right 
hand and on the left, 8 by honor and dishonor, by evil report, 
and good report; as impostors, yet truthful; 9 as unknown, yet 
well-known; as dying, and behold, we live; as chastened, and 
yet not put to death; 10 as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as 
poor, yet making many rich ; as having nothing, yet possessing 
all things. 

11 Corinthians, our mouth is opened to you, our heart is en- 
larged : 12 you are not straitened in us, but you are straitened 
in your own affections. 13 That you may repay me in like man- 
ner, (I speak as to children,) be you also enlarged. 

14 Be not unequally yoked together with unbelievers : for what 
fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness ? What commun- 
ion has light with darkness? 15 What agreement has Christ 



400 II COEINTHIANS. [vn. 

with Belial? What connection, has a believer with an unbe- 
liever ? 1G What has a temple of G-od in common with one of 
idols ? For you are the temple of the living G-od, as God has 
said : I will dwell in them, and walk among them ; and I will 
be their God, and they shall be my people. 17 For this reason, 
come out from among them, and separate yourselves, says the 
Lord, and touch not an unclean person, and I will receive you ; 
18 and I will be to you a father, and you shall be to me sous 
and daughters, says the Lord Almighty. 

VII. l Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us 
cleanse ourselves from every pollution of the flesh and spirit, 
perfecting holiness in the fear of God. a Regard us cordially; 
we have wronged no one, we have corrupted no one, we have 
made gain by no one. 3 1 do not say this to condemn you ; for 
I have said before, that you are in our hearts, so that we could 
die with you, and live with you. 4 Great is my plainness of 
speech to you, great is my boasting of you; I am filled with 
comfort, I am exceedingly joyful in all our affliction. 

5 For when we came into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest; 
but we were oppressed on every side : without were battles, 
within were fears. 6 But God, who comforts those who are cast 
down, comforted us by the coming of Titus; 7 and not only by 
his coming, but also by the consolation with which he was com- 
forted in you when he told us of your strong affection, your grief, 
your zeal for me ; so that I rejoiced the more. s For although 1 
caused you. sorrow by my letter, I do not regret it, though I did 
regret it. For I see that the same letter gave you sorrow, 
though but for a short time. 9 ]STow I rejoice not that you were 
made sorry, but that you sorrowed in order to repentance. For 
you sorrowed in a way acceptable to G-od, that you might IB 



vin.] II CORINTHIANS. 401 

nothing receive injury from us. 10 For godly sorrow worts re- 
pentance not to be regretted, which leads to salvation : but the 
sorrow of the world works death. n For behold this very thing, 
that you sorrowed in a godly manner ; what earnestness it pro- 
duced in you ; what defense of yourselves ; what indignation ; 
what fear ; what strong affection ; what zeal ; what assertion of 
right. In all respects you have shown yourselves to be blame- 
less in this matter. 12 Therefore, though I wrote to you, it was 
not on account of him who did the wrong, nor on account of 
him who received the wrong ; but that our diligent care for you, 
in the sight of God, might be made manifest to you. 

13 For this reason, we have been comforted by means of your 
comfort: and we rejoiced exceedingly more indeed, on account 
of the joy of Titus, for his spirit was refreshed by you all. u For 
if I boasted of you to him, in any respect, I am not made 
ashamed; but as I have spoken all things to you in truth, so 
also has our boasting to Titus been found to be truth : 15 and 
his affection for you is the more abundant, as he remembers. 
the obedience of you all, how you received him with fear and 
trembling. 16 I rejoice that I have confidence in you in all 
things. . 

VIII. 1 We make known to you, brethren, God's gracious gift, 
which has been given in the churches of Macedonia; 2 that 
under an afflicting trial, their overflowing joy, and their .deep 
poverty, abounded to the riches of their liberality ; 3 for I testify 
that according to their power, and beyond their power, they 
gave voluntarily, * beseeching us, with much entreaty, that they 
might give, and take part in the ministering to the saints ; 6 and 
they did this, not only as we had hoped, but they gave' them- 
selves first to the Lord, and then to us, through the will of God; 
26 



402 II COBINTHIANS. [vm. 

6 so that we exhorted Titus, that, as he had previously begun, so 
he would bring to an end this gift among you also. 

7 Now as you excel in every thing, in faith, and in speech, 
and in knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love for us, 
see that you excel in this gift also. 8 I do not speak this as 
a commandment, but on account of the zeal of others, and to 
prove the sincerity of your love. 9 For you know the grace of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet, for your 
sakes, he became poor, that you, through his poverty, might 
become rich. 10 And I give my judgment in this matter; for 
this is profitable for you, who began not only to do, but to 
show a willing mind, a year ago. u Now, therefore, perfect 
also the doing of this; that as there was a readiness of mind 
to be willing, so also there may be an accomplishment of the 
doing, out of that which you have. 12 For if there is a readi- 
ness of mind, one is accepted according to what he has, not 
according to what he has not.' 13 For I do not intend that 
there shall be relief to others, and affliction to you; but that, 
according to equality, your abundance, at the present time, may 
supply their wants ; u and that, at a future time, their abund- 
ance may supply your wants; that there may be equality, 15 as 
it is written: He that gathered much had nothing over; and 
he that gathered little did not lack. 

16 But thanks be to Grod, who put the same earnest care for 
you in the heart of Titus : 17 for he accepted my' exhortation, 
and, being more earnest, he went to you of his own accord. 
18 And we have sent with him the brother whose praise in the 
gospel is in all the churches ; 19 and who, moreover, was chosen 
by the churches as our fellow-traveler with this gift, which is 
to be distributed by us to the glory of the Lord himself, and 
as .a declaration of your readiness of mind; w being careful for 



ix.j II CORINTHIANS. 403 

this that no one shall blame us in this abundance, which is 
ministered by us ; 21 for we provide what is honorable, not only 
in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. 22 And 
we have sent with them our brother, whom we have often 
proved to be diligent in many things, but now much more dili- 
gent on account of the strong confidence which he has in you. 
23 If it is necessary to speak of Titus, he is my partner and fel- 
low-worker for you ; if our brethren are spoken of, they are the 
apostles of the churches, the glory of Christ. 2 * Therefore, give 
to them, in the presence of the churches, a proof of your love, 
and of our boasting of you. 

IX. 1 Por of the relief which is for the saints, it is needless 
for me to write to you. 2 For I know your readiness of mind, 
on account of which I boasted of you to the Macedonians, that 
Achaia was ready a year ago : and your zeal has incited very 
many. 3 But I have sent the brethren, that our boasting of you 
in this respect may not be in vain; that you may be ready, as 
I said : * lest, possibly, should the Macedonians come with me, 
and find you unprepared, we (not to say you) might be made 
ashamed by this same confident boasting. 6 Therefore, I thought 
it necessary to exhort the brethren to go before to you, and 
make ready beforehand your bounty, which has been so much 
talked of before, that this might be ready as a bounty, and not 
as a gift extorted from you. 

6 But remember this, that he who sows sparingly, shall also 
reap sparingly ; and he who sows bountifully, shall also reap 
bountifully. 7 Let each one give, as he purposes in his heart; 
not with grief, nor from necessity : for God loves a cheerful 
giver. 8 And G-od is able to confer every gift upon you abun- 
dantly, that you, always having all sufficiency in every thing, 



404 II CORINTHIANS. [x. 

may Lave enough, for every good work ; 9 as it is written : He 
has scattered abroad; he has given to the poor; his righteous- 
ness remains forever. 10 Now, he that furnishes seed to the 
sower will both, furnish bread for food, and multiply your seed 
sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness ; u that you 
may be enriched in every thing, for all liberality which produces 
through us thanksgiving to God; 12 because the administration 
of this service not only supplies the wants of the saints, but 
also abounds in many thanksgivings to God; ( 13 since through 
the proof which this service gives, they glorify God for your 
acknowledged subjection to the gospel of Christ, and for the 
liberality of your contribution for them, and for all;) 14 and in 
their prayer for you, since they have strong affection for you on 
account of the eminent grace of God that is in you. 15 Thanks 
be to God for his unspeakable gift. 

X. l Now I, the same Paul, who, when present among you, 
am timid, but when absent, am bold toward you, entreat you, 
by the mildness and gentleness of Christ; 2 I, indeed, beseech 
you, that I may not, when present, be bold with that confi- 
dence with which I think I shall be bold against some, who 
think of us as if we walked according to the flesh. 3 For though 
we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh, 
(*for the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty, 
through God, for the overthrowing of strongholds,) 5 overthrow- 
ing reasonings and every high thing that exalts itself against 
the knowledge of God, and leading captive every thought to 
the obedience of the Christ, 6 and being ready to take vengeance 
on all disobedience, when your obedience shall have been fully 
established. 

7 Do you look on things according to the outward appearance? 



XL] II CORINTHIANS. 405 

If any one trusts in himself, that he is Christ's, let him again 
reason thus of himself: that as he is Christ's, so also are we. 
8 For though I should boast even somewhat more abundantly 
of our authority, which the Lord has given us for edification, 
and not for 'your destruction, I would not be ashamed: 9 that 
I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters. 10 For his 
letters, says one, are weighty and powerful, but his bodily pres- 
ence is weak, and his style of speech contemptible. u Let such 
a one conclude thus that such as we are in word, by letters, 
while absent, such also will we be in deed, when present. 

12 For we do not presume to rank or compare ourselves with 
some of those who commend themselves : but they, measuring 
themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves with them- 
selves, have no understanding. 13 But we will not boast ourselves 
with respect to regions not measured to us ; but according to the 
measure of the line which God, who measures, has appointed 
for us to reach even to you. M For we do not stretch ourselves 
too far, as if we did not come to you : for even as far as to you, 
have we already come in the gospel of the Christ, 16 not boast- 
ing ourselves in the labors of others in regions not measured 
off to us, but having hope that, when your faith is increased, 
we shall be magnified among you abundantly, according to our 
line, 16 so as to preach the gospel in regions beyond you, and 
not to boast in regions made ready under another man's line. 
1T But let him that boasts, boast in the Lord : 18 for he that 
commends himself is not approved; but he whom the Lord 
commends. 

XI. 1 I wish you could bear with me a little in my folly; 
but yet bear with me: 2 for I am jealous over you with a godly 
jealousy : for I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may 



406 II OOBINTEIA'NS. [xi. 

present you a chaste virgin to Christ. 3 But I fear lest, as the 
serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, so your minds should be 
corrupted from the simplicity which pertains to Christ. 4 For 
if he that comes should preach another Jesus, whom we did 
not preach, or, if you receive another Spirit, which 'you did not 
receive, or another gospel, which you have not accepted, you 
would well bear with him. 

6 1 count myself indeed to be in no respect inferior to the 
very greatest of the apostles. 6 But if I am unpolished in my 
style of speech, yet I am not so in knowledge. But we have 
been fully manifested among you in all things. 7 Have I com- 
mitted a sin, in making myself lowly, that you might be exalted, 
because I preached the gospel to you without cost ? 8 1 robbed 
other churches, taking wages to do you service : and when I 
was present with you, and wanted, I was not a burden to any 
one; 9 for the brethren who came from Macedonia supplied my 
wants; and in every thing I have kept myself from being bur- 
densome to you, and will continue to keep myself. 10 As the 
truth of Christ is in me, this boasting shall not be silenced, in 
my case, in the regions of Achaia. "Why? Because I do 
not love you? God knows. 12 But what I am doing I will 
also continue to do, that I may cut off occasion from those who 
desire an occasion, that in what they boast, they may be found 
even as we. 

13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, trans- 
forming themselves into the apostles of Christ; 14 and no won- 
der, for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 
15 Therefore, it is no great thing if his ministers also transform 
themselves so as to be like the ministers of righteousness; of 
such, the end shall be according to their works. 

16 1 say again, let no one think that I am without under- 



xi.1 II COKINTHIANS. 407 

standing ; but if so, even as one without understanding bear 
with me, that I also may boast a little. "What I say, I say 
not according to the Lord, but as in folly, in this same confidence 
of boasting. 18 Since many boast according to the flesh, I also 
will boast. T9 For it is a pleasure to you to bear with men of 
no understanding, since you yourselves are wise. 20 For . you 
bear it, if one enslave you, if one devour you, if one take 
from you, if one exalt himself, if one smite you on the face. 

21 1 speak of their reproaches, as if we were weak. In what- 
ever matter any one is bold, (I speak foolishly,) I also 'am bold. 
23 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So 
am I. Are they of the posterity of Abraham? So am I. 
23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I say it foolishly,) I am 
above them. In labors more abundant, in stripes above meas- 
ure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths often. ^From the 
Jews, five times I received forty stripes, save one; ^ three times 
I was beaten with rods ; once I was stoned ; three times I have 
been shipwrecked; a night and a day I spent in the deep. 
26 In journeyings often, in perils from rivers, in perils from rob- 
bers, in perils from my own race, in perils from the Gentiles, 
in perils in the city, in perils in the desert, in perils in the sea, 
in perils among false brethren ; 27 in weariness and in toil, in 
watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold 
and nakedness: 28 besides those things which come upon me 
from other sources, I have a daily concourse of troubles my 
anxiety for all the churches. 

29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is led into sin, 
and I am not incensed ? 30 If I must boast, I will boast in my 
infirmities. 31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
who is blessed for ever, knows that I do not lie. 32 In Damas- 
cus, the governor under Aretas the king, guarded the city of 



408 II COBINTHIANS. [zn. 

tlie Damascenes, desiring to apprehend me : 33 and through a 
window I was let down in a basket through the wall, and es- 
caped his hands. 

XII. 1 To boast is not suitable for me; I will come to 
visions and revelations from the Lord. 2 1 knew a man in 
Christ fourteen years ago; that such a one (whether in the 
body, I know not, or out of the body, I know not : God knows;) 
was caught away to the third heaven. 3 I also know that such 
a man (whether in -the body, or out of the body, I know not : 
God knows,) 4 was caught away to Paradise, and heard words 
not to be spoken, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. 

5 Of such a one I will boast ; but of myself I will not boast, 
unless in my infirmities. 6 For though I should choose to boast, 
I would not be void of understanding: for I will speak the 
truth. But I forbear, lest any one should think of me more 
than what he sees me to be, or what he hears of me. 

7 And, lest I should be too much exalted by the excellence of 
the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, a 
messenger of Satan to buffet me, that I might not be too much 
exalted. 8 With regard to this, I three times entreated the Lord 
that it might leave me ; 9 and he said to me : My grace is suf- 
ficient for you ; for my power is made perfect in weakness. 
Most gladly, therefore, will I boast in my infirmities, that the 
power of the Christ may abide upon me. 10 For this reason, I 
take pleasure in infirmities, in outrages, in necessities, in per- 
secutions, in straits, for Christ's sake. For when I am weak, 
then am I strong. 

11 1 have become of no understanding; you have compelled 
me. For I ought to have been commended by you : I am in 
no respect inferior to the very greatest of the apostles, although 



XIIL] II OOEINTHIANS. 409 

\ 

I am netting. 12 Truly, the signs of an apostle were worked 
among you in all patience, in signs and wonders and mighty 
deeds. 13 For what is it in which you were inferior to other 
churches, unless in this that I did not burden you ? Forgive 
me this wrong. 

14 Behold, I am ready the third time to come to you, and I 
will not burden you : for I seek not yours, but you. For the 
children ought not to lay up treasure for the parents, but the 
parents for the children. 15 I, indeed, will most gladly spend 
and be spent for your souls; though the more abundantly I 
love you, the less I be loved. 

16 Be it so, indeed; I did not burden you; but being crafty, 
I caught you by deceit. 17 Did I overreach you by any of those 
whom I sent to you ? 18 1 exhorted Titus, and with him sent 
the brother. Did Titus overreach you? Did we not 'walk in 
the same spirit? Did we not walk in the same steps? 

19 Do you think again that we offer you a defense of ourselves ? 
We speak all these things before God in Christ, beloved, for your 
edification. 20 For I fear, lest when I come I shall find you not 
such as I wish, and I shall be found by you not such as you 
wish : lest there shall be contentions, envies, excitements, strife, 
evil speaking, whisperings, party spirit, disorderly conduct: 
21 lest, when I come again, my G-od will humble me among you, 
and I shall mourn over many of those who have already sinned, 
and have not repented of the uncleanness and lewdness and 
wantonness which they have committed. 

XIII. x The third time am I coming to you. By the mouth 
of two or three witnesses, every matter shall be established. 2 1 
have foretold, and now the second time, as if I was present, 
though being absent, I foretell to those who have sinned, and 



410 II CORINTHIANS. [xm. 

to all others, that, if I come again, I will not spare ; 3 since you 
seek a proof of Christ's speaking in me, who toward you is not 
weak, but who is mighty in you : 4 for though he was crucified in 
weakness, yet he lives by the power of God. For we also are 
weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God 
toward you. 5 Make trial of yourselves, whether you are in the 
faith ; put yourselves to the proof. Do you not know your own 
selves, that Christ Jesus is in you? unless you be without 
proof. 

6 But I hope that you will know that we are not without 
proof. 7 Yet I pray to God that you may do no evil ; not that 
we may appear as having proof, but that you may do what is 
good, though we be as without proof. 8 For we can do nothing 
against the truth, but we cdn do something for the truth. 9 For 
we rejoice when we are weak, and you are strong. And we 
pray also for this your perfection. 10 For this reason, I write 
these things, while absent, that I may not, when present, use 
severity, according to the authority which the Lord has given 
me for edification, and not for destruction. 

11 Finally, brethren, farewell; be perfect, be comforted, be of 
the same mind, be at peace; and the God of love and of peace 
will be with you. 12 Salute one another with a holy kiss. 
All the saints salute you. 

13 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, 
and the communion of the Holy Spirit, be with you all. 



PAUL TO THE GALATIANS. 



1. 1 TT)AUL, an apostle, (not from men, nor by man, but by 
JL Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him 
from the dead,) z and all the brethren that are with me, to the 
churches of Galatia : 3 grace be to you, and peace from G-od the 
Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 who gave himself for 
our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil age. 
according to the will of our God and Father, 5 to whom be glory 
from age to age. Amen. 

6 1 am astonished that you are so soon turning away from 
him that called you into the grace of Christ, to another gospel : 

7 which is nothing else than that there are some who trouble 
you, and are determined to pervert the gospel of the Christ. 

8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach to you any 
other gospel than that which we have preached, let him be ac- 
cursed. 9 As we said before, so even now I say again, if any 
one preaches to you any other gospel than that which you have 
received, let him be accursed. 10 For, do I now seek the favor 
of men, or of God ? or do I strive to please men ? If ; indeed, 
I would still please men, I should not be the servant of Christ. 

11 But I make known to you, brethren, that the gospel which 
is preached by me, is not according to man : 12 for neither did I 
receive it from man, nor was it taught me, but by the revelation 
of Jesus Christ. 13 For you have heard of my former mode of 

(411) 



412 GALATIANS. [n. 

life in Judaism, that I greatly persecuted the church of God, 
and laid it waste; 14 and I surpassed in Judaism many of my 
own age and nation, being more exceedingly zealous for the tra- 
dition of my fathers. 

15 But when God, who chose me from my mother's womb, and 
called me by his grace, was pleased 16 to reveal his Son in me, 
that I might preach him among the Gentiles, I at once declined 
all conference with flesh and blood : " nor did I go up to Jeru- 
salem, to those who were apostles before me ; but I went away 
into Arabia, and then returned to IJ>amascus. 

18 Then, after three years, I went up to Jerusalem, in order 
to become personally acquainted with Peter ; and I remained 
with him fifteen days : 19 but of the apostles I saw no other, but 
James the brother of the Lord. 20 With respect to the things 
which I now write to you, behold, before God I lie not. 

21 Then, I went into the regions of Syria and Cilicia : 22 but I 
was not known, in person, to the churches of Judea which are 
in Christ. 23 They had heard only that he who formerly perse- 
cuted us was now preaching the faith which he once destroyed. 
24 And they glorified God in me. 

II. i Then, fourteen years after, I went up again to Jerusalem 
with Barnabas, and I took Titus also with me. 2 And I went 
up because of a revelation, and communicated to them the gos- 
pel that I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to those 
who are of reputation, lest, by any means, I should run or had 
run in vain. 3 But not even Titus, who was with me, though 
he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. */ acted 
thus indeed on account of false brethren, stealthily brought in, 
who stole in to spy out our freedom, which we have in Christ 
Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage, 5 to whom we 



IL ] GALATIANS. 413 

yielded in submission, not even for an hour, in order that the 
truth of the gospel might remain with you. 

6 But from those who were supposed to be something; (what 
they were is a matter of no importance to me : (rod does not ac- 
cept the person of man ;) they, indeed, who were supposed to be 
something, communicated no additional truth to me; 7 but, on 
the other hand, seeing that I was intrusted with the gospel of 
the uncircumcision, as Peter was with that of the circumcision, 
( 8 for he who gave efficiency to Peter, for the apostleship of the 
circumcision, gave efficiency to me also, as an apostle for the 
Gentiles,) 9 and knowing the grace that was given to me, James 
and Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, gave to me and 
Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, that we should go to 
the Gentiles, but they to the circumcision, w requesting only that 
we would remember the poor, which same thing I have been 
diligent in doing. 

11 But when Peter came to Antioch, I openly opposed him, 
because he had incurred blame. 12 For, before certain persons 
came from James, he ate with the Gentiles : but, when they had 
come, he withdrew, and separated himself, because he feared 
those who were of the circumcision. 13 And the other Jews, 
also, acted hypocritically with him, so that even Barnabas was 
led away by their hypocrisy. 

14 But when I saw that they did not walk uprightly accord- 
ing to the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter, before them all : 
If you, being a Jew, live after the manner of the Gentiles, and 
not after the manner of the Jews, why do you compel the Gen- 
tiles to observe Jewish customs ? 15 We, who are Jews by birth, 
and not Gentile sinners, 1G knowing that a man is not justified 
by works of law, but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have 
believed on Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in 



414 GALATIANS. [m. 

Christ, and not by works of law: because, by works of law no 
flesh shall be justified. "But if, while we seek to be justified 
in Christ, we ourselves are also found sinners, is Christ, there- 
fore, the minister of sin? It can not be. 18 For if I build 
again those things which I have destroyed, I make myself a 
transgressor. 19 For, through law, I have died to law, that I 
might live to God. 20 1 have been crucified with Christ, yet I 
live ; no longer I, but Christ lives in me. And the life which 

1 now live in the flesh, I live by the faith of the Son of God, 
who loved me, and gave himself for me. 21 I do not set aside 
the grace of God : for if righteousness be through law, then 
Christ has died in vain. 

III. 1 thoughtless Galatians, who has bewitched you, before 
whose eyes Jesus Christ has been plainly set forth crucified? 

2 This only I wish to learn of you : Did you receive the Spirit 
by works of law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are you so 
thoughtless? After having begun in Spirit, do you make an 
end in flesh ? * Have you suffered so many things in vain ? if, 
indeed, it be in vain. 5 He that supplies to you the Spirit, and 
works mighty deeds among you, does he this by works of law 
or by the hearing of faith? 6 even as Abraham believed God, 
and it was counted to him for righteousness. 

7 Know, therefore, that those who are of faith are the sons of 
Abraham. 8 For the scripture, foreseeing that God would jus- 
tify the Gentiles by faith, preached beforehand the gospel to 
Abraham, saying: In you shall all the nations be blessed. 9 So, 
then, those who are of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. 

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the 
curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that does not con- 
tinue in all things written in the book of the law to do them. 



in.] GALATIANS. 415 

11 But that no one is justified by law in the sight of God, is evi- 
dent : for the just by faith shall live. 12 The law, indeed, is not 
of faith; but he that does these things shall live by them. 
13 Christ has bought us off from the curse of the law by becom- 
ing a curse for us : (for it is written, Cursed is every one that 
hangs on a tree:) 14 in order that the blessing of Abraham may 
come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we may receive 
the promise of the Spirit through the faith. 

15 Brethren, I speak of things common among men : No one 
sets a covenant aside, or enjoins any thing additional after it is 
confirmed, though it be a man's covenant. 16 Now the promises 
were spoken to Abraham and to his offspring ; he does not say : 
And to offsprings, as if he spoke, of many; but as of one, And 
to your gffspring, which is Christ. 17 And this I affirm, that 
the covenant which had been before confirmed by God with re- 
spect to Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty 
years after, could not annul so as to make the promise of no 
effect. 18 For if the inheritance be by law, it is no longer by 
promise : but God bestowed it on Abraham by promise. 

19 What, then, was the purpose of the law ? It was added on 
account of transgressions, (till the offspring should come, to 
whom the promise was made,) having been appointed through 
the service of angels, in the hand of a mediator. 20 IsTow, a 
mediator for one is impossible; but God is one. 

21 Is the law, then, against the promises of God? It can not 
be. For if a law had been given which could have given life, 
surely righteousness would have been by law. 22 But the scrip- 
ture has shut up all under sin, that the promise by faith in 
Christ Jesus may be given to those who believe, 23 But before 
the faith came, we were kept under law, being shut up to the 
faith which was to be revealed. 



416 GALATIANS. [iv. 

2i So, then, the law was our pedagogue that led us to Christ, 
that we might be justified by faith. 25 But since the faith has 
come, we are no longer under a pedagogue : 2G for you are all 
the sons of God, by faith in Christ Jesus: 27 for as many of you 
as have been immersed into Christ, have put on Christ. 28 There 
is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bondman, nor free- 
man, there is neither male nor female : for you are all one in 
Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abra- 
ham's posterity, and heirs according to the promise. 

IV. a But I say, that the heir, as long as he is a minor, dif- 
fers in no respect from a servant, though he is owner of all ; 
2 but is under guardians and managers till the time appointed 
by the father. 3 So, also, we, when we were minors^ were in 
bondage under the rudiments of the world. *But when the 
fullness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a 
woman, born under the law, 6 that he might buy off those who 
were under the law, that we might receive the adoption. 6 And 
because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son 
into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 So, then, you are no 
longer a servant, but a son; and if a son, an heir also of God, 
through Christ. 

8 But, then, because you knew not God, you were enslaved to 
those who, by nature, are not gods : 9 now, however, after hav- 
ing known God, rather indeed having been known by God, how 
is it that you are turning back to the weak and beggarly 
rudiments, to which you desire again to be in bondage, as 
at first ? 10 You observe days and months and times and 
years. u I fear for you, lest I have bestowed labor upon you 
in vain. 

12 Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; because I was as you 



iv.J GALATIANS. 417 

are. You have injured me in nothing. 13 Tou know that 
through weakness of the flesh I preached the gospel to you at 
the first : 14 and my trial, which was in my flesh, you did not 
despise or loathe; but you received me as an angel of God, as 
Christ Jesus. 15 How great, then, was your blessedness ! For I 
testify for you, that, if possible, you would have torn out your 
eyes, and have given them to me. 16 Have I then become your 
enemy, because I tell you the truth? 

17 They are ardently attached to you, but not honorably; in- 
deed, they desire to exclude us, that you may be ardently at- 
tached to them. 18 It is honorable to be ardently attached 
always, in what is honorable, and not only when I am present 
with you. 19 My little children, for whom I again suffer the 
pains of gestation, till Christ be formed in you, 20 1 desire to be 
present with you now, and to change my tone, for I am in doubt 
concerning you. 

21 Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, do you not 
understand the law ? 22 For it is written, that Abraham had 
two sons ; one by a bondmaid, and one by a free woman. ^ But 
the one by the bondmaid was born according to the flesh; the 
other, by the free woman, was by promise. M These things are 
allegorized : for these women are the two covenants ; the one 
from the Mount Sinai that brings forth for bondage, which is 
Hagar. 25 For Hagar represents Mount Sinai in Arabia, and 
corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in bondage with 
her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above is free; and she 
is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written : Eejoice you barren, 
that do not bear : break forth and cry aloud, you that travail 
not : for many more are the children of the deserted, than of her 
that had the husband of the deserted. ^We, indeed, brethren, 
like Isaac, are children of promise. 29 But as then, he that was 
27 



418 GALATIANS. [v. 

torn aecoraing' to the flesli persecuted him that was born ac- 
cording to the Spirit, so even now. 30 But what says the scrip- 
ture ? Cast out the bondwoman and her son ; for the son of the 
bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the free-woman. 
31 Therefore, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, 
but of the free- woman. 

V. l Stand firm,, therefore, in the freedom with which Christ 
has made us free, and be not held fast again in the yoke of 
bondage. 

2 Behold, I Paul say to you, that if you be circumcised, Christ 
-will profit you nothing. 3 1 testify indeed again to every man 
that is circumcised, that he is bound to do the .whole law. 
*You that are justified by law, have withdrawn from Christ: 
you have fallen from grace. 5 For we, through the Spirit which 
we obtain by faith, wait for the hope of righteousness. 6 For, 
in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision avails any thing, nor un- 
circumcision, but faith that works by love. 

7 You were running well ; who kept you back from obedience 
to the truth ? 8 This readiness to be persuaded is not from him 
that calls you. 9 A little leaven leavens the whole mass. 10 1 
have confidence in you through the Lord, that you will cultivate 
no other disposition: but he that troubles you, who ever he 
may be, shall bear his condemnation. n But, brethren, if I yet 
preach circumcision, why am I yet persecuted? Then, the 
offense of the cross has ceased. 12 that those who trouble 
you would even cut themselves off! 

13 For you have been called to freedom, brethren : only use 
not your freedom as an occasion for the flesh, but become serv- 
ants to one another, through love. 14 For all the law is fulfilled 
in one commandment, ' in this : You shall love your neighbor as 



vi.] . GALATIANS. 419 

yourself. 15 But if you bite and devour one another, take heed 
lest you be utterly destroyed by one another. 

16 1 say this : Walk in the Spirit, and you will not fulfill the 
desires of the flesh. 17 For the desire of the flesh is against the 
Spirit, and the desire of the Spirit is against the flesh; and 
these are opposed, the one to the other, so that you can not do 
what you would. 18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are 
not under law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are well known, 
and they are these lewdness, uncleanness, wantonness, 20 idol- 
atry, sorcery, enmities, strifes, jealousies, anger, party-spirit, di- 
visions, sects, 2l envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and 
such like ; with respect to which, I tell you now, as I also told 
you in times past, that those who practice such things shall 
not inherit the kingdom of God. 

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffer- 
ing, gentleness, goodness, faithfulness, ^ meekness, self-control. 
Against such there is no law. ^Now those who are Christ's 
have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. ^ If we 
live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. 26 Let us not 
be vain-glorious, provoking one another, envying one another. 

VI. l Brethren, if a man be overtaken in any fault, do you, 
who are spiritual, restore such a one in the spirit of meekness, 
considering yourself, lest you also be tempted. 2 Bear with the 
weaknesses of one another, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 
3 For if any one think himself to be something when he is 
nothing, he deceives himself: *but let each one prove his own 
work, and then he will have cause to boast with respect to him- 
self only, and not with respect to another : 5 for each one shall 
bear his own burden. 

6 Let him that is instructed in the word share with his in- 



420 QALATIANS. [vi. 

structor in all good things. 7 Be not deceived; God is not 
mocked. For whatever a man sows, that also shall he reap. 
8 For he that sows for his flesh shall from the flesh reap cor- 
ruption; but he that sows for his spirit shall from the Spirit 
reap life eternal. 9 Let us not become weary in well doing : for 
in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. 10 Therefore, as we 
have opportunity, let us do good to all, but especially to those 
who are the household of the faith. 

11 You see how long a letter I have written to you with my 
own hand. 12 As many as wish to make a fair show in the 
flesh, these compel you to be circumcised, only that they may 
not suffer persecution for the cross of the Christ. 13 For not 
even do those very men, who are circumcised, keep the law : 
but they wish you to be circumcised, that they may boast in 
your flesh. u But may I never boast save in the cross of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, 
and I to the world. 15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision 
is any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature. 16 And 
as many as walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, 
and upon the Israel of Grod. 

17 Henceforward let no one give me trouble: for I bear in 
my body the wounds which I received on account of the Lord 
Jesus. 

18 Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with yom 
spirit. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE EPHESIANS. 



I. 1 T)AUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, 
JL to the saints that are in Ephesus, and the faithful in 
Christ Jesus : 2 grace be to you, and peace from God our Father, 
and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 

3 Praised be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in heavenly 
things in Christ, * according as he chose us in him before the 
foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless 
before him in love, 5 having predestinated us for adoption to 
himself through Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of 
his will, 6 for the praise of the glory of his grace, by which he 
has shown us favor in the Beloved, 7 in whom we have redemp- 
tion through his blood, even the remission of sins, according to 
the riches of his grace, 8 which he has made to abound to us in 
all wisdom and understanding, 9 by making known to us the 
mystery of his will according to his good purpose which he had 
before established in himself, 10 for a dispensation at the fullness 
of the times, in order that he might bring together for himself 
all things in the Christ, both those which are in the heavens, and 
those which are on earth ; u in him in whom we have obtained our 
portion, having been predestinated according to the purpose of 
him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, 

that we should be for the praise of his glory; even we, who 
before had hope in the Christ: 13 in whom you also hoped after 

(421) 



422 EPHESIANS. [n. 

yon heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation : in 
whom, after you also believed, you were sealed with the Holy 
Spirit of promise, u which is the earnest of our inheritance, 
given for the redemption of his possession to the praise of his 
glory. 

16 For this reason I also, since I have heard of your faith in 
the Lord Jesus, and your love to all the saints, 16 do not cease 
to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers, 
17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, 
may give you the spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the ac- 
knowledgment of him, 18 that, the eyes of your understanding 
being enlightened, you may know what is the hope of his call- 
ing, and what are the glorious riches of his inheritance in the 
saints, 19 and what is the exceeding greatness of his power to- 
ward us who believe in accordance with the energy of his 
mighty power, 20 which he made active in the Christ when he 
raised him from the dead, and caused him to sit at his right 
hand in the heavenly places, 21 high above every principality 
and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is 
named, not on.y in this age, but also in that which is to come ; 
22 and subjected all things under his feet, and made him head 
over all things for the church, 23 which is his body, the fullness 
of him who fills all his members with all things, 

II. *Even you, being dead to offenses and sins, 2 in which you 
formerly walked according to the course of this world, accord- 
ing to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is ac- 
tively at work in the sons of disobedience : 3 among whom also 
we all formerly lived in the desires of our flesh, doing the will 
of the flesh and of the feelings, and were by nature children of 
wrath, even as others: 4 but God, being rich in mercy, on ac- 



n.] E'PHESIANS. 423 

count of his great love with which he loved us, 5 made alive 
with Christ even us, being dead to our offenses, (by grace you 
are saved,) 6 and raised us up, and made us sit together in 
heavenly places, in Christ Jesus; 7 that he might show, in the 
ages to come, the exceeding riches of his grace by his kindness 
to us in Christ Jesus. 

8 For by grace you have been saved through the faith; and 
this matter is not of yourselves ; it is the gift of God : 9 not by 
works, lest any one should boast. 10 For we are his workman- 
ship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God before 
prepared, that we should walk in them. 

11 For which reason, remember that you were formerly Gen- 
tiles, by natural descent, and that you are called Uncircumcision 
by the Circumcision; so called, from a mark made in the flesh 
by hands ; 12 that you were at that time without Christ, being 
aliens from the community of Israel, and strangers to the cove- 
nants of promise, having no hope, and having no God in the 
world : 1S but now, in Christ Jesus, you, who were formerly far 
off, have become near, by the blood of the Christ. u For he is 
our peace, who has made both parties one, and broken down the 
partition wall that separated us, 15 having abolished, in his flesh, 
the cause of enmity, the law of commandments in ordinances, 
that he might, by himself, form the two into one new man, thus 
making peace; 16 and that he might reconcile both, in one body, 
to God, through the cross, having by it put to death the cause 
of enmity ; 17 and having come, he preached peace to you who 
were far off, and to those who were near: 18 for, through him, 
we both have access in one Spirit to the Father. 

19 Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and sojourn ers. 
but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God, 
20 having been builded upon the foundation of the apostles and 



424 EPHESIANS. [m. 

prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone, 21 in 
whom the whole building, compactly fitted together, grows into 
a holy temple in the Lord; 22 in whom you also are builded to- 
gether, for a dwelling-place of God by his Spirit. 

III. l For this reason, I Paul, the prisoner of the Christ Jesus 
on account of you Gentiles, 2 if, indeed, you have heard of the 
stewardship of the grace of God, which was given to me for 
your benefit, 3 that by revelation was made known to me the 
mystery, (as I briefly wrote above, *so that, when you read, 
you can see my understanding in the mystery of the Christ,) 
5 which, in other generations, was not made known to the sons 
of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets 
by the Spirit ; 6 that the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, and of 
the same body, and partakers of his promise in the Christ, 
through the gospel, 7 of which I was made a minister according 
to the gift of the grace of God which was given to me, in propor- 
tion to the energy of his power : 8 to me-, who am by far the least 
of all the saints, has this grace been given, that I might preach 
among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of the Christ, 9 and 
enlighten all men with respect to the plan of the mystery, which 
was concealed from the ages in God, who created all things; 10 to 
the end that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made 
known, through the church, to the principalities and authorities 
in the heavenly regions, n according to the arrangement of the 
ages, which he established by Christ Jesus our Lord, 12 in whom 
we have boldness and access with confidence, through our faith 
in him. 13 For which cause I beseech you not to grow faint on 
account of my afflictions for you, which are your glory. 

14 For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, 16 from whom the whole family in heaven and on 



iv.] EPHESIANS. 425 

earth is named, 16 tliat lie may grant to you, according to the 
riches of his glory, to be mightily strengthened by his Spirit in 
the inner man, 17 that Christ may dwell in your hearts through 
the faith; 18 that, being rooted and founded in love, you may 
be fully able to comprehend with all the saints what is the 
breadth and length and depth and hight, 19 and to know the 
love of the Christ that passes our knowledge, that you may be 
filled with all the fullness of God. 

20 Now to him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above 
all that we ask or think according to his power which works 
in us, 21 to him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus, through- 
out all the generations of the age of ages. Amen. 

IV. 1 I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, exhort you to 
walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have 
been called ; 2 with all lowliness and meekness, with long-suffer- 
ing, bearing with one another in love, 3 earnestly endeavoring 
to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. * There 
is one body and one Spirit, even as you have been called in one 
hope of your calling; 5 one Lord, one faith, one immersion; 
6 one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, 
and in you all. 

7 But grace has been given to each one of us, according to 
the measure of the gift of the Christ. 8 Por which reason, the 
scripture says: When he ascended on high, he led captive a 
multitude of captives, and gave gifts to men. 9 But this He 
ascended what does it mean, but that he also descended into 
the lower earthly regions ? 10 He that descended is also he 
that ascended high above all the heavens, that he might fill all 
things. 

11 And he himself gave some to be apostles, and some, proph- 



426 EPHESIANS. fry. 

ets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 
12 for the complete instruction of the saints, for the work of the 
ministry, for the building up of the body of the Christ, 13 till 
we all come to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of 
the Son of God, to a perfect man, to a measure of stature that 
fully develops the Christ ; M that we might no longor be children, 
tossed and carried about by every wind of teaching, through 
the artifice of men, through craftiness used by them for the de- 
liberate planning of deceit; 15 but speaking truthfully in love, 
we might grow up in all things, into him who is the head, even 
the Christ, 16 from whom the whole body, compactly fitted to- 
gether, and united by every helping joint, according to the 
energy in the measure of each part, makes increase of the body, 
for the building up of itself in love. 

"This I say, therefore, and appeal to you solemnly in the 
Lord, that you no longer walk as the other Gentiles walk, in 
the error of their minds, 18 darkened in their understanding, 
alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that 
is in. them, because of the hardness of their heart; 19 who, 
being past feeling, have given themselves up to licentiousness, 
that they may work all manner of uncleanness with greedi- 
ness. 

20 But you have not so learned the Christ, 21 if, indeed, you 
have heard of him, and been taught by him, as the truth is in 
Jesus : 22 that, as to your former life, you put off the old man, 
which is corrupt, according to its deceitful desires, 23 and that 
you be renewed in the spirit of your mind, M and put on the 
new man, which, according to the will of God, is created in 
righteousness and true holiness. 25 For which reason, putting 
away lying, speak, every one, truth with his neighbor : for we 
are members one of another. 



v.j EPHESIANS. 427 

26 Be angry, and yet do not sin : let not the sun go down on 
your wrath, 27 nor give place to the devil. 

28 Let him that steals, steal no more: but rather let him 
labor, working with his hands that which is good, that he may 
have something to give to him that has need. 

29 Let no impure speech come out of your mouth, but what- 
evei is good for needful edification, that it may give grace to 
the hearers: 30 and grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, with 
which you have been sealed for the day of redemption. 

31 Let all bitterness and anger and wrath and clamor and im- 
pious speaking be put away from you, with all malice: 32 and 
be kind to one another, compassionate, forgiving one another, as 
God in Christ has forgiven you. 

V. l Be you, therefore, imitators of God, as beloved children ; 
2 and walk in love, as the Christ also loved us, and gave him- 
self for us as an offering and a sacrifice to Grod for a sweet 
odor. 

3 But lewdness, and all manner of uncleanness, or covetous- 
ness, let them not be named among you, as it becomes saints; 
4 nor obscene language, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which 
are not becoming; but rather the giving of thanks. 5 For 
you know this, that no lewd nor unclean person, nor covetous 
man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom 
of the Christ and of God. 6 Let no one deceive you with 
vain words: for on account of these things, the wrath of 
God comes upon the sons of disobedience. 7 Therefore, be not 
partakers with them. 8 For you were formerly darkness; 
but now you are light in the Lord: walk as children of light; 
( 9 for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness 
and truth;) 10 learning what is acceptable to the Lord; n and do 



428 EPHESIANS. [v. 

not participate in the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather 
even reprove them; 12 for it is a shame even to speak of the 
things that are done by them in secret. 13 But all these works, 
when reproved, are made manifest by the light : for every thing 
that makes manifest is light. u Wherefore, the scripture says : 
Awake you that sleep, and arise from the dead, and Christ will 
give you light. 

15 See, then, that you walk circumspectly, not as unwise, but 
as wise men, 16 redeeming the time, because the days are evil. 
17 Wherefore, be not ignorant, but understand what the will of 
the Lord is. 18 And be not drunk with wine, in which i& de- 
bauchery; but be filled with the Spirit; 19 speaking to yourselves 
in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making 
melody in your heart to the Lord, 20 giving thanks to our God 
and Father always for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus 
Christ; 21 being subject one to another in the fear of Grod. 

22 Wives, be subject to your own husbands as to the Lord: 

23 for the husband is the head of the wife, as the Christ also is 
the head of the church ; and he is the savior of the body. 

24 But as the church is subject to the Christ, so, also, let the 
wives be subject to their own husbands in every thing. 

25 Husbands, love your wives, as the Christ also loved the 
church, and delivered himself up for it, 26 that he might sanc- 
tify it, having cleansed it by the bath of water through the 
word, 27 in order that he might present it to himself a glorious 
church, having neither stain, nor wrinkle, nor any such thing; 
but that it should be holy and without blemish. 28 So ought 
men to love, their own wives as their own bodies. He that loves 
his wife loves himself; 29 for no one ever yet hated his own flesh, 
but nourishes and cherishes it, even as the Christ the church : 
30 because we are members of his body, being of his flesh, and 



vi.] EPHESIANS. 429 

of his bones. 31 For this cause a man shall leave his father and 
his mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and the two shall be 
one flesh. 32 Great is this mystery ; but I speak of Christ and 
of the church. 33 But yet, let each one of you so love his wife as 
himself; and let the wife see that she reverence her husband. 

VI. x Children, obey your parents in the Lord : for this is 
right. 2 Honor your father and your mother, which is the first 
commandment with a promise, 3 that it may be well with you, 
and that you may live long on the earth. 

4 And you fathers, do not provoke your children to anger: 
but bring them up in the instruction and discipline of the Lord. 

5 Servants, be subject to your masters according to the flesh, 
with fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as to 
the Christ; 6 not with eye-service, as pleasing men, but as the 
servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the soul ; 7 with 
good will doing service as to the Lord, and not as to men; 
8 knowing that whatever good any one does, the same shall he 
receive from the Lord, whether he is a servant or a freeman. 

9 And you masters, do the same things to them, leaving off 
threatening, knowing that you yourselves have a master in 
heaven, and there is no respect of persons with him. 

10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in his 
mighty power. u Put on the . whole armor of God, that you 
may be able to stand firm against the wiles of the devil : 12 for 
our conflict is not with flesh and blood, but with the principali- 
ties, with the authorities, with the rulers of the darkness of 
this world, with the wicked spirits in the heavenly regions. 
18 Therefore, take up the whole armor of God, that you may be 
able to withstand them in the evil day, and having overcome 
them all, to stand firm. 



430 EPHESIANS. [vi. 

14 Stand, therefore, having your loins girded about with truth, 
and wearing the breastplate of righteousness, 15 a,nd having your 
feet shod with readiness in behalf of the gospel of peace; 
16 taking up, over all, the shield of faith, with which you 
shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked 
one: 17 and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the 
Spirit, which is the word of God : 18 praying with all prayer 
and supplication, at all times, in the Spirit; and to this end 
being watchful in all perseverance, and supplication for all the 
saints: 19 and for me, that speech may be given me, in open- 
ing my mouth with boldness, that I may make known the mys- 
tery of the gospel, 20 for which I am an embassador in chains, 
that in it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak. 

21 But that you, also, may know my affairs, how I do, Tychi- 
cus, my beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, will 
make known all things to you ; 22 him I have sent to you for 
this very purpose, that you may know our affairs, and that he 
may comfort your hearts. 

23 Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith from God the 
Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

24 Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ in 
sincerity. 



PAUL TO THE PHILIPPIANS. 



I. 1 TP)AUL and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ, to all the 
JL saints in Christ Jesus that are in Philippi, with the 
bishops and deacons : 2 grace be to you, and peace from God our 
Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 

3 1 thank my God on every remembrance of you 4 always in 
every supplication of mine for you all, making my supplication 
with joy B for your fellowship in the gospel from the first day 
till now : 6 being confident of this very thing, that he who has 
begun a good work in you, will carry it on till the day of Jesus 
Christ ; 7 as it is right for me to think this of you all, because 
I have you in my heart; both in my bonds and in my defense 
and confirmation of the gospel, / say I have you all in my heart 
as being joint partakers of my grace. 8 For God is my witness, 
how ardently I love you with the affection of Christ Jesus. 

9 1 also pray, for this, that your love may abound yet more 
and more in knowledge and all understanding, 10 in order that 
you may distinguish things that differ, to the end that you may 
be pure and blameless till the day of Christ, u being filled with 
the fruit of righteousness, which fruit is by Jesus Christ; to the 
glory and praise of God. 

lz But I wish you to know, brethren, that the things which 
have befallen me have turned out rather to the advancement 
of the gospel; 13 so that my bonds which are for Christ have 
become known to be such in all the palace, and in all other 

(431) 



432 PHILIPPIANS. [ L 

places ; M and most of the brethren in the Lord, having confi- 
dence in my bonds, are more bold to speak the word without 
fear. 

15 Some, indeed, preach the Christ, because of envy and a con- 
tentious disposition, and some because of good-will. 1G These do 
it from love, because they know that I am set for the defense 
of the gospel; "those preach Christ from a contentious dispo- 
sition, not sincerely, thinking that they will add affliction to my 
bonds. 18 What difference does this make ? Christ is, never- 
theless, preached in every way, whether in pretense or in 
truth; and in this I rejoice, yes, and I will rejoice: 19 for I 
know that this will result in my benefit through your supplica- 
tion, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ, 20 according 
to my earnest expectation and hope, that in nothing shall I be 
ashamed, but with all boldness, as at all times, so even now, 
Christ will be magnified in my body, whether by life or by 
death. 

21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. 22 But if 
this, my life in the flesh, would be profitable for my work in 
the ministry, verily, what I should choose I know not. w I am 
in a strait between the two, having the desire to depart and be 
with Christ, which is far better: ^yet to abide in the flesh is 
more needful for you. 25 And of this I feel assured, that I shall 
remain and continue among you all for your advancement and 
joy in the faith, 26 that your rejoicing in Christ Jesus may be- 
come more abundant through me by my being present among 
you again. 

27 Only conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel 
of the Christ, that, whether I come and see you, or be absent, 
I may hear of your affairs, that you stand fast in one spirit, 
with one soul striving together for the faith of the gospel, 



IL] PHILIPPIANS. 433 

28 and in nothing terrified by your adversaries : which is to them 
an evident token of destruction, but to you of salvation, and 
that from God. 29 For to you it is given in behalf of Christ, 
not only to believe on him/ but, also, to suffer for him, 30 since 
you have the same conflict that you saw in me, and now hear 
to be in me. 

II. l If, therefore, there is any consolation in Christ, if any 
comfort arising from love, if any participation of the Spirit, if 
any affections and mercies, 2 fulfill my joy, that you be of the 
same mind, having the same love, of one soul, of one mind ; 
3 doing nothing in strife and vain glory, but in lowliness of 
mind let each esteem others better than himself. 4 Consider not 
each one his own gifts, but each one also the gifts of others. 

6 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus, 
6 who, being in the form of God, did not think it an act of 
robbery to be equal with God; 7 but he divested himself by 
taking the form of a servant, and being made in the likeness 
of men : s and being found in appearance as a man, he humbled 
himself by becoming obedient even to death, the death, indeed, 
of the cross. 9 For which reason God has highly exalted him, 
and, also, bestowed on him a name that is above every name 
10 that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow of those 
who are in heaven, and those who are on earth, and those who 
are under the earth; M and that every tongue should confess 
that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. 

12 So, then, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in 
my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out 
your own salvation with fear and trembling; 13 for it is God, 
who, of his good pleasure, works in you both the will and the 
power to perform. 14 Do all things without murmurings and 
28 



43-1 PEILIPPIANS. [n, 

disputings, 15 that you may be without reproach and harmless, 
;the children of God, without blame, in the midst of a wicked 
-and perverse generation, among whom you shine as luminaries 
in the world, 16 holding forth the word of life, that I may rejoice 
in the day of Christ, that I did not run in vain, nor labor in 
vain. 

17 But if I am poured out on the sacrifice and service of your 
faith, I rejoice, and rejoice with you all. 18 In like manner do 
you also rejoice, and rejoice with me. 19 But I trust in the 
Lord Jesus, to send Timothy shortly to you, that I also may be 
refreshed by knowing your condition ; 20 for I have no one of a 
kindred spirit who will sincerely care for your condition: 21 for 
all seek their own, not the things of Jesus Christ. 22 But you 
know his approved character, that as a son with a father he 
has served with me in the gospel. ^Him, therefore, I hope to 
send immediately, as soon as I know how it may go with 
me. M But I trust in the Lord that I myself also will come 
shortly. 

25 Yet I thought it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus 
my brother and companion in labor and fellow-soldier, but 
your apostle, who also ministered to my want, 26 because he 
longed after you all, and was much distressed, because you had 
heard that he was sick. 27 And, indeed, he was sick near to 
death; but God had mercy on him, and not on him only, but 
on me also, that I might not have sorrow upon sorrow. ffl l 
sent him, therefore, the sooner, that, by seeing him again, you 
might rejoice, and that I might be the less sorrowful. 29 Ee- 
ceive him, therefore, in the Lord with all joy, and regard such 
as worthy of honor ; 30 because for the work of the Christ he 
was near to death, not regarding his life, that he might supply 
that which was lacking in your service to me. 



Hi.] PHILIPPIANS. 435 

III. 1 Finally, ray brethren, rejoice in the Lord. Tc write 
the same things to you is to me indeed not burdensome; but 
for you it is safe. 

2 Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of 
the concision. 3 Por we are the circumcision, who worship God 
in spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in 
the flesh; 4 though, indeed, I have a ground of confidence in 
the flesh. If any other thinks he has a ground of confidence in 
the flesh, I more ; 5 circumcised the eighth day, of the race of 
Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as 
it respects law, a Pharisee ; 6 as it respects zeal, persecuting the 
church ; as it respects righteousness which is by law, blameless. 
7 But the things which were gain to me, these I counted loss 
for Christ. 

8 Yes, verily, I also count all things to be loss, for the excel- 
lence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, on account of 
whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them' 
to be refuse, that I may gain Christ, 9 and be found in him, not 
having my own righteousness which was by law, but the right- 
eousness which is by faith in Christ, the righteousness which is 
of Grod by faith, 10 that I may know him, and the power of his 
resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, by conforming- 
myself to his death, u if, by any means, I may attain to the 
resurrection from the dead. 

12 Not that I have already attained, or have already .reached 
the goal; but I am pressing forward, that I may lay hold on 
that for which I was laid hold on by Christ Jesus. 13 Breth- 
ren, I do not conclude that I have already laid hold : 14 but one 
thing I do ; forgetting the things which are behind, and reaching 
forward to those which are before, I press toward the goal, for 
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. 



436 PHILIPPIANS. [iv. 

16 Let us, therefore, as many as are fully enlightened, be of this 
mind : and if you are of another mind with respect to any thing, 
God will reveal even this to you. 16 But as far as we have at- 
tained, let jis walk by the same rule, let us have the same mind. 
17 Be imitators of me, brethren, and observe those who thus 
walk as you have us for an example. 18 For many walk, of 
whom I often said to you, and now say even weeping, that they 
are enemies of the cross of the Christ, 19 whose end is destruc- 
tion, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their 
shame, who mind earthly things. 20 But our citizenship is in 
heaven, whence also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesua 
Christ, 21 who will transform our humbled body, and make it 
like his glorious body, according to that power by which he is 
able to subdue all things to himself. 

IV. l So, then, my brethren, beloved and ardently desired, my 
joy and my crown, so stand fast in the Lord, my beloved. 

2 1 beseech Euodia, and I beseech Syntyche, that they be of 
the same mind in the Lord. 3 Now I beseech you also, true 
yoke-fellow, to assist those women who labored with me in the 
gospel, with Clement also, and my other fellow-laborers, whose 
names are in the book of life. 

4 Eejoice in the Lord always; and again I say, Eejoice. 5 Let 
your gentleness be known to all men : the Lord is at hand. 
6 Be anxious about nothing, but in every thing, by prayer and 
supplication with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known 
to God : 7 and the peace of God, which passes all understanding, 
will keep your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus. 

8 Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things 
are honorable, whatever things are just, whatever things are 
pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good 



iv.] PEILIPPIANS. 437 

report, if there is any virtue, or any praise, think of these 
things. 9 Do those things which you have learned and reeeived,- 
and heard and seen in me, and the God of peace will be with 
you.' 

10 1 rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at length your care 
for me has revived again ; in this, indeed, you had me in mind, 
but you lacked opportunity. U I do not speak in respect to 
want: for I have learned, in whatever condition I am, to be 
content. 12 I know what it is to be in want, and what it is to 
have abundance. Everywhere and in all things, I have been 
fully instructed in being full and in being hungry, in having 
abundance and in being in want. 13 I am able to do all things 
through Christ who strengthens me. 

14 Yet you have done well in contributing to the relief of my 
affliction. 15 Now you Philippians know also, that in the begin- 
ning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church 
contributed 'to me so that I kept an account of giving and re- 
ceiving, but you only. 16 For even when I was in Thessalonica, 
you sent once and again to aid me in my need. 17 Not that I 
seek a gift ; but I desire fruit that may abound to your account. 
18 But I have all, and abound. I am full, having received from 
Epaphroditus your gifts, a sweet odor, a sacrifice acceptable, 
well-pleasing to God, 19 But my God will supply all your need, 
according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus. 20 Now.to 
God, even our Father, be glory from age to age. Amen, 

21 Salute every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren that are 
with' me salute you. 22 A11 the saints salute you, especially 
those who are of Caesar's household. 

23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE COLOSSIANS. 



I. l I "\ATJL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, 
I and Timothy my brother, 2 to the saints and faithful 
brethren in Christ that are in Colosse : grace be to you, and 
peace from God our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 

3 We give thanks to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, praying always for you, 4 since we heard of your faith- 
fulness in Christ Jesus, and your love for all the saints, 5 in 
consequence of the hope which is laid up for you in the heav- 
ens, of which you heard before in the word of the truth of the 
gospel, 6 which is present among you, as it is also in all the 
world, and is producing fruit, even as it has been doing also 
among you, since the day you heard and knew the grace of 
God in truth, 7 as you learned from Epaphras, our clear fellow- 
servant, who is a faithful servant of Christ for you, 8 and who 
also made known to us your love in spirit. 

9 For this reason, we also, from the day in which we heard it, 
do not cease to pray for you, and to request that you may be 
filled with the knowledge of his will, in all wisdom and spirit- 
ual understanding, 10 so that you may walk in a manner worthy 
of the Lord, in order to please him in all things, by means 
of every good work bringing forth fruit, and increasing in the 
knowledge of God, u strengthened with all power, according to 
his glorious might, in order to all patience and long-suffering 
with joyfulness, 12 giving thanks to the Father, who has made 

(438) 



r .j OOLOSSIANS. 

as fit for a portion of the inheritance of the saints in light: 
13 who has delivered us from the authority of darkness, and has 
translated us into the kingdom of his beloved Son, H in whom 
we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins; 15 who is the im- 
age of the invisible God, the first-born of every creature; 16 for 
by him were all things created, things in heaven and things iu 
earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or lordships, or 
principalities, or authorities; all things have been created by 
him, and for him : 17 and he is before all things, and by him all 
things consist : ls and he is the head of the body, the church : 
and he is the beginning, the first-born, from the dead, that in 
all things he might be pre-eminent; 19 for it pleased the Father 
that all his fullness should dwell in him, 20 and by him to re- 
concile all things to himself, having made peace by the blood 
of his cross; by him, I say, whether things on earth or things 
in heaven. * 

21 And you, who were formerly alienated and enemies in your 
mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled 22 by means 
of death in his fleshly body, that he may present you holy, 
And without spot, and blameless in his sight ; 23 if you continue 
in the faith, founded and settled, and be not moved away from 
the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which has been 
preached to every creature under heaven, of which I, Paul, have 
been made a minister. 

24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up what 
remains of my sufferings for Christ in my flesh for the sake of 
his body, which is .the church, 25 of which I was made a minis- 
ter according to the commission from God, which was given to 
me for you, that I might fully preach the word of God, 26 the 
mystery which was concealed from the ages and the generations, 
but is now made manifest to his saints, 27 to whom God would . 



440 . C.OLOSSIAETS. [n. 

make known what is the glorious riches of this mystery among 
the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory, 28 whom 
we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all 
wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus : 
29 to which end I also labor, striving according to his energy, 
which works in me mightily. 

II. 1 For I wish you to know how great a conflict I have for 
you, and for those in Laodicea, and for as many as have not 
seen my face in the flesh ; 2 that their hearts may be comforted, 
they being firmly united in love in order to gain all the riches 
of the full assurance of understanding, that they may acknowl- 
edge the mystery of God, even the Father, and of Christ, 3 in 
whom are stored up all the treasures of wisdom and of knowl- 
edge. 4 Now I say this, that no one may deceive you by per- 
suasive words. 5 For, though I am absent in flesh, yet I am 
present with you in spirit, rejoicing to behold your order, and 
the firmness of your faith in Christ. 6 As, therefore, you re- 
ceived Christ Jesus our Lord, so walk in him, 7 rooted, and built 
up in him, and strengthened in the .faith, as you have been 
taught, abounding in it with thanksgiving. 

8 See that no one make you the victims of imposture by 
means of philosophy and vain deceit, according to the tradition 
of men, according to the rudiments of the world, and not ac- 
cording to Christ: 9 for in him dwells all the fullness of the Grod- 
hood bodily. 10 And you are complete in him who is the head 
of all principality and authority: n in whonj you have been also 
circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in the 
putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision 
of Christ, 12 having been buried with him in immersion, in 
which you were also raised with him by your faith in the 



in.] COLO SSI AN S. 441 

energy of God, who raised Mm from the dead. 13 And you, 
being dead to your offenses and the uncircumcision of your 
flesh, he has made alive together with him, having forgiven you 
all your offenses; u having blotted out the handwriting in ordi- 
nances which was against us, which was opposed to us, he also 
took it out of the way, driving a nail through it by means of 
his cross ; 15 and having spoiled the principalities and authori- 
ties, he made a show of them openly by triumphing over them 
through it. 

16 Let no one judge you, therefore, in meat or in drink, or in 
respect to a feast, or the new moon, or sabbaths, 1T which things 
are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is in Christ, 

18 Let no one gain his purpose in depriving you of the palm by 
an affected humility and worship of angels, prying into things 
which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, 

19 and not holding the head, from which the whole body gather- 
ing vigor, and firmly united by joints and bands, increases with 
the increase of God. 

20 If, then, you have died with Christ from the elements of 
the world, why, as though living in the world, do you submit 
to ordinances? 21 Touch not, taste not, handle not, 22 (all of 
which are for the destruction of those who use them,) according 
to the commandments and teachings of men ; 23 and these have 
a show of wisdom in will-worship and affected humility and 
neglect of the body, and in no regard for the gratification of 
the flesh. 

III. 1 If, then, you have been raised with Christ, seek the 
things that are above, where the Christ sits at the right hand 
of God; 2 mind the things that are above, not the things that 
are on the earth : 3 for you are dead, and your life is hid with 



442 COLOSSIANS. [m. 

the Christ in God. 4 When the Christ, who is our life, shall 
appear, then shall you also appear with him in glory. 

5 Put to death, therefore, your members that are on the 
earth, lewdness, uncleanness, passion, evil desire, and covetous- 
ness, which is idolatry; 6 on account of these things the wrath 
of God comes on the children of disobedience, 7 in which things 
you also formerly walked when you lived in them. 8 But now 
do you also put away all these anger, wrath, malice, reviling, 
obscene language from your mouth. 9 Lie not one to another, 
peeing that you have put off the old man with his deeds, 10 and 
have put on the new man, which is renewed for knowledge, ac- 
cording to the image of him that created him; u in which new 
creatipn there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor un- 
circumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is 
all and in all. 

12 Put on, therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, a mer- 
ciful disposition, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long- 
suffering: 13 bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, 
if any one have a complaint against any; even as Christ forgave 
you, so also do you : u and over all these put on love, which is 
the bond of perfectness. 15 And let the peace of God, to which 
you are called in one body, rule in your hearts, and be thankful. 

16 Let the word of the Christ dwell in you richly in all wis- 
dom, by teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, 
hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with gratitude in your 
hearts to the Lord. 17 And whatever you do in word or de'ed, 
do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and 
the Father by him. 

18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as it is becoming in 
the Lord. 19 Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter 
against them. 



iv.] COLOSSIANS. 443 

20 Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well- 
pleasing to the Lord. 21 Fathers, provoke not your children to 
anger, lest they be disheartened. 

22 Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the 
flesh, not with eye-service, as pleasing men, but with simplicity 
of heart, fearing God. 23 And whatever you do, do from the 
soul, as to the Lord, and not to men; M knowing that from the 
Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance: for you 
serve the Lord Christ. w But he that does wrong shall receive 
for the wrong which he has done; and there is no respect of 
persons. 

IV. l Masters, give to your servants what is just and. equal, 
for you know that you have a Master in heaven. 

2 Persevere in prayer, and be watchful in the same with 
thanksgiving; 3 praying at the same time also for us, that God 
may open for us a door of utterance to speak the mystery of 
the Christ, for which I am in bonds, Hhat I may make it 
manifest, as I ought to speak. 

5 Walk in wisdom toward those who are without, redeeming 
the time. 6 Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned 
with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer every 
one. 

7 All that relates to me, Tychicus, my beloved brother and 
faithful minister and fellow-servant in the Lord, will make 
known to you. 8 1 have sent him to you for this very purpose, 
that he may know your condition, and comfort your hearts; 9 I 
have sent him with Onesimus, my faithful and beloved brother, 
who is one of you. They will make known all things that are 
done here. 

10 Aristarchus, my fellow-prisoner, salutes you, and so does 



444 COLOSSIANS. [iv. 

Marcus the nephew of Barnabas, concerning whom you received 
commandments; if he come to you, receive him; n Jesus also, 
who is called Justus, salutes you : these are of the circumcision : 
and these only are my fellow-workers for the kingdom of God, 
who have been a comfort to me. 12 Epaphras, who is one of 
you, a servant of Christ, salutes you; he always strives earnestly 
for you in his prayers, that you may stand perfect and complete 
in all the will of God. 13 For I testify for him, that he has a 
great zeal for you and those in Laodicea and those in Hierapo- 
lis. w Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, salute you. 

16 Salute the brethren in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the 
church that is in his house. 16 And when this letter has been 
read among you, cause that it be read in the church of the 
Laodiceans also; and see that you also read the letter from 
Laodicea ; 17 and say to Archippus : Take heed to the ministry 
which you have received in the Lord, that you fulfill it. 

18 The salutation of me, Paul, with my own hand. Remember 
my bonds. Grace be with you. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS. 



FIKST LETTER. 

I, a T) AUL and Sylvanus and Timothy to the church of the 
_L Thessalonians, which is in God the Father and in the 
Lord Jesus Christ: grace be to you, and peace from G-od our 
Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention 
of you in our prayers, 3 remembering unceasingly your work 
of faith and your labor of love, and your patience of hope in 
our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of our God and Father: 4 be- 
Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of our God and Father: * be- 
cause we know, brethren beloved of God, your election. 5 For 
our gospel came not to you in word only, but also in power, 
and in the Holy Spirit, and in full assurance, as you know 
what sort of persons we were among you for. your sakes. 6 And 
you became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received 
the word in much affliction with joy of the Holy Spirit, 7 so 
that you were examples to all that believe, in Macedonia and 
Achaia. 8 For from you, the word of the Lord sounded out, 
not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also your faith in God 
has gone abroad in every place, so that we have no need to 
speak any thing. 9 For they themselves declare concerning us 
what kind of entrance we had to you, and how you turned to 
God from idols, to serve the living and true God, 10 and to 

(445) 



446 I THESSALONIANS. [n. 

wait for his .Son from heaven, even Jesus, whom he raised from 
the dead, and who delivers us from the coming wrath. 

II. *For you yourselves know, brethren, our entrance among 
you, that it was not in vain. 2 But having suffered before, and 
having been outraged, as you know, in Philippi, we were bold 
in our God to speak to you the gospel of God in the midst of 
great peril. 3 For our exhortation arose not from deception, 
nor from uncleanness, nor was it with guile; *but as God had 
judged us worthy to be intrusted with the gospel, so we speak, 
not as pleasing men, but God, who tries our hearts. 5 For 
neither flattering words did we at any time use, as you know, 
nor a pretext for covetousness ; God is witness : 6 nor did we 
seek glory from men, neither from you nor from others; though 
we could have been burdensome as the apostles of Christ. 7 But 
we were gentle among you. As a nurse nourishes her children, 
8 so, having a strong affection for you, we were well pleased to 
impart to you not only the gospel of God, but our own lives 
also, because you had become dear to us. 9 For you remember, 
brethren, our labor and toil; for, laboring night and day, that 
we might not be burdensome to any one of you, we preached to 
you the gospel of God. 10 You are witnesses, and God also, in 
how holy and just and blameless a manner we conducted our- 
selves among you that believe, u as indeed you know how we 
exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a 
father his children, 12 that you should walk in a manner worthy 
of God, who has called you to his own kingdom and glory. 

13 For this reason, also, we thank God without ceasing; be- 
cause, when you received the word of God, as preached by us, 
you embraced it, not as the word of men, but, as it is in truth, 
the word of God ; which effectually works in you that believe. 



HL] . I TEESSALONIANS. v 447 

H For you, brethren, became imitators of the churches of God 
in Judea which are in Christ Jesus ; for you, also, have suffered 
the same things from your own countrymen, that they have suf- 
fered from the Jews, t5 who both killed the Lord Jesus and the 
prophets, and have persecuted us, and do not please God, and 
are opposed to all men, le forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles 
that they may be saved, in order that they may fill up their 
sins at all times : but the wrath is coming upon them to the full. 
17 But we, brethren, having been taken from you for a short 
time, in person, not in heart, did, with great desire, endeavor 
the more earnestly to see your face. 18 For this reason, we 
intended to. go to you, (I Paul) both once and again, but 
Satan hindered us. 19 Por what is our hope, or joy, or crown 
of rejoicing ? Are not even you, in the presence of our Lord 
Jesus Christ at his coming? 20 You indeed are our glory and 

joy- 
in. 1 Wherefore, being no longer able to contain ourselves, 
we thought it good to be left at Athens alone; 2 and we sent 
Timothy our brother and minister of God in the gospel of the 
Christ, in order that he might strengthen and comfort you with 
respect to your faith, 3 that no one be moved by these afflictions ; 
for you yourselves know that we are appointed to this: *for 
even when we were with you, we told you beforehand that we 
were about to be afflicted, as it also came to pass, and as you 
know. 6 For this reason, when I could no longer contain my- 
self, I sent to know your faith,, lest by any means the tempter 
had tempted you, and our labor should be in vain. 

6 But now, since Timothy has come to us from you, and has 
told us the good news of your faith and love, and that you have, 
a good remembrance of us at all times, greatly desiring to see 



448 .I.THESSALONIANS. . [iv; 

us, as indeed we desire to see you, 7 for this reason we are com- 
forted concerning you, brethren, in all our distress and affliction, 
by your faith : 8 for now we live, if you stand firm in the Lord. 

9 For what thanks can we render to God for you, for the great 
joy with which we rejoice on your account before our God, 

10 night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face, 
and perfect that which is lacking in your faith? 

11 Now, may God himself, even our Father, and the Lord Jesus 
Christ, direct our way to you. 12 And may the Lord cause you 
to increase and abound in love to one another and to all, even 
as we toward you, 13 in order that he may establish your hearts 
blameless in holiness, in the presence of our God and Father, 
at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints. 

IV. l Finally, then, brethren, we beseech and exhort you, by 
our Lord Jesus, that as you learned from us how you ought to 
walk and please God, you would abound more and more. 2 For 
you know what commandments we gave you by our Lord Jesus. 
3 For this is the will of God, your sanctification, that you keep 
yourselves from lewdness; Hhat each one of you know how to 
keep his vessel in sanctification and in honor, 5 not in passionate 
desire, as the Gentiles do, who know not God ; 6 that no one take 
advantage of or injure his brother in this matter; because the 
Lord takes vengeance for all such things, as we also told you 
before, and fully testified : 7 for God has not called us for un- 
cleanness, but for holiness. 8 Therefore, he that despises, de- 
spises not man, but God, who has given us hie Holy Spirit. 

9 But with respect to brotherly love, you have no need that 
I write to you : for you yourselves are taught of God to love 
one another ; lo and indeed you do this to all the brethren that 
are in all Macedonia. But we exhort you, brethren, that you 



v.] I THESSALONIANS. 449 

abound in love more and more, u and that you earnestly en- 
deavor to live quietly, and that you attend to your own busi- 
ness, and work with your own hands, as we commanded you; 
12 in order that you may walk with propriety toward those who 
are without, and may have need of nothing. 

13 But concerning those who have fallen asleep, I would not 
have you ignorant, brethren, that you may not grieve, as others 
who have no hope. 14 For if we believe. that Jesus died and 
rose again, so also should we believe that God will, through Je- 
sus, bring with him those who sleep. 15 For this we say to you 
by the word of the Lord, that we, the living, who remain till 
the coming of the Lord, shall not precede those who are asleep : 
16 for the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, 
with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God; 
and the dead in Christ shall arise first; "then we, the living 
who remain, shall, together with them, be caught up in clouds 
into the air to meet the Lord, and so shall we be ever with the 
Lord. 18 So, then, comfort one another with these words. 

V. 1 But, brethren, you have no need that I write to you of 
the times and seasons ; 2 for you yourselves know perfectly that 
the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night : 3 for when 
they shall say, Peace and safety, then sudden destruction comes 
upon them, as the pains of birth upon a woman with child, and 
they shall not escape. 

4 But you, brethren, are n<" in darkness, that that day 
should overtake you as a thief. 5 You are all sons of light, and 
sons of day: we are not of nigh", nor of darkness. 6 Therefore, 
let us not sleep, as do others, bat let us watch and be sober. 
7 For those who sleep, sleep in r.he night; and those who are 

drunken, are drunken in the night. 8 But let us, who are of the 
29 



450 I THESSALONIANS. [ v ; 

'day, be sober, having on the breastplate of faith and love, and 
for a helmet, the hope of salvation : 9 for God has not appointed 
us to wrath, but to the obtaining of salvation through our Lord 
Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, 
we might live together with him. "Wherefore, exhort one 
another, and edify one another, as you also do. 

12 Now we beseech you, brethren, to have regard for those 
who labor among you, and preside over you in the Lord, and 
admonish you, 13 and that you esteem them very highly in love 
on account of their work. Be at peace among yourselves. 
14 We exhort you, brethren, admonish the unruly, comfort the 
faint-hearted, earnestly care for the weak-minded, be of a long- 
suffering disposition toward all. 

13 See that no one render evil for evil to any, but always pur- 
sue that which is good toward one another and toward all. 

16 Rejoice always; ".pray without ceasing; 18 in Bvery thing 
give thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus con- 
cerning you. 

19 Quench not the Spirit. 20 Despise not prophesyings. 21 Prove . 
all things ; hold fast that which is good. 22 Abstain from every 
appearance of evil. 

23 Now the God of peace himself sanctify you wholly; and may 
your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless at 
the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. ^Faithful is he that 
calls you ; and he will do what he has promised. 

26 Brethren, pray for us. 26 Salute all the brethren with a 
holy kiss. 27 I adjure you by the Lord, that this letter be read 
to all the holy brethren. 

28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.. 



PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS. 



SECOND LETTEB, 
P 



I. 1 ~|~~)AUL and Sylvanus and Timothy to tlie church, of the 
Thessalonians in God our Father and in the Lord Je- 
sus Christ : 2 grace be to you, and peace from God our Father, 
and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

3 We are bound to give thanks to God always for you, breth- 
ren, as it is right, because your faith grows exceedingly, and the 
love of every one of you all toward each other abounds: *so 
that we ourselves glory in you, among the churches of God, for 
your patience and faith in all your persecutions and afflictions 
which you endure ; 5 which endurance of yours is a proof of the 
righteous judgment of God, in order that .you may be counted 
worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you suffer: 6 since, 
indeed, it is a righteous thing with God, to repay affliction to 
those who afflict you, 7 and to you that are afflicted, rest with 
us, at the revelation of our Lord Jesus from heaven with his 
mighty angels, 8 in flaming fire, to take vengeance on those who 
know not God, and who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus 
Christ ; 9 these shall suffer punishment in that day, even eternal 
destruction, far from the presence of the Lord, and from the 
glory of his power, 10 when he shall come to be glorified in. his 
saints, and to be admired in all those who believe, and in ypu 

also, because our testimony among you was believed. 

(451) 



452 II THESSALONIANS. [n. 

"In order to which, we also pray always for you, that our 
God may count you worthy of this calling, and may fulfill all the 
good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power, 
12 that the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in 
you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God, and 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

II. 1 But, we beseech you, brethren, concerning the coming of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, and our coming together to him, 2 that 
you be not hastily shaken from the persuasion of your mind, 
nor be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by report, nor by letter 
as written by us, as though the day of the Lord is at hand. 
3 Let no one deceive you by any means ; for that day will not 
come, unless the apostasy come first, and the man of sin be re- 
vealed, the son of perdition, *who opposes and exalts himself 
above every one that is called God, or that is worshiped, so 
that he sits as God in the temple of God, openly showing him- 
self that he is God. 

5 Do you not remember that, while I was with you, I told 
ydu these things? 6 And now you know what restrains, in 
order that he may be revealed in his own proper time. 7 For 
the mystery of iniquity is already at work ; only he that now 
restrains will restrain, till he be taken out of the way : 8 and 
then shall that lawless one be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus 
will destroy by the spirit of his mouth, and will utterly over- 
throw by the brightness of his coming : 9 he will destroy him, 
whose coming is, according to the energy of Satan, with all 
power . and signs and wonders of falsehood, 10 and with all the 
delusion of unrighteousness in those who perish, because they 
did not receive the love of the truth, in order that they might 
be saved. u And for this reason God will send them strong 



HI.] II THESSALONIANS. 453 

delusion, in order that they may believe a lie, 12 that all may 
be condemned who believe not the truth, but have pleasure in 
unrighteousness. 

13 But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, 
brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God did, from the beginning, 
choose you to salvation, by sanctification of the Spirit and belief 
of the truth, w to which he called you by our gospel, in order 
that you might obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions 
which you have been taught, whether by word or by our letter. \- 
16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our 
Father, who has loved us, and given us eternal consolation and 
good hope through grace, 17 comfort your hearts, and strengthen 
you in every good word and work. 

III. l Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the 
Lord may run and be glorified even as among you; 2 and that 
\ve may be delivered from wicked and evil men ; for all have 
not the disposition for faith. 3 But the Lord is faithful, and he 
will strengthen you, and keep you from the evil one. *And we 
have confidence in the Lord with respect to you, that you both 
do, and will continue to do, the things which we command you. 
5 And the Lord direct your hearts to the love of God, and to 
the patience of the Christ. 

6 Now we command you, brethren, in the name of .our Lord 
Jesus Christ, that you withdraw from every brother that walks 
disorderly, and not according to the tradition which he received 
from us. 7 For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate 
us : for we did not behave in a disorderly manner among you, 

nor did we eat any one's bread for nothing : but worked with, 
labor and toil, night and day, that we might not burden any one 



454 II THESSALONIANS. [m. 

of you; 9 this we did, not because we have not authority, but 
that we might give ourselves to you as an example, in order 
that you might imitate us. 10 For when we were with you, we 
gave you this commandment, that if any one will not work, 
neither let him eat. 

11 For we hear that some walk about among you in a disor- 
derly manner, doing no work, but being busy bodies. 12 Now 
we command such, and exhort them by our Lord Jesus Christ, 
that they work with quietness, and eat their own bread. 13 And 
you, brethren, should not be weary in well-doing. 14 And if 
any one obey not our word by this letter, note that man, and 
do not keep company with him, that he may be ashamed; 15 and 
yet do not regard him as an enemy, but admonish him as a 
brother. 16 Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace 
always by all means. The Lord be with you all. 

17 The salutation of Paul with my own hand, which is the 
token in every letter : so I write. 

18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. 



PAUL TO TIMOTHY. 



FIRST LETTEE. 

I. l TT) AUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the ap- 

_L pointment of God our Savior, and the Lord Jesus 

Christ our hope, 2 to Timothy, my true son in the faith; grace, 

mercy, peace from God our Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord. 

3 As, on going into "Macedonia, I besought you to remain in 
Ephesus, that you might charge some that they teach no other 
thing, 4 nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which 
produce disputes rather than godly edification, which. is in faith; 

( 5 Now the end of the commandment is love out of a pure 
heart, and out of a good conscience, and out of faith unfeigned : 
6 which things some not having aimed at, have turned aside to 
idle disputation, 7 desiring to be teachers of law, though under- 
standing neither what they say nor of what they boldly affirm. 
8 But we know that the law is good, if any one use it lawfully; 
9 knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but 
for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, 
for the unholy and for scorners, for murderers of fathers and 
murderers of. mothers, for man-slayers, 10 for lewd persons, for 
sodomites, for men-stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and 
for whatever other thing is opposed to sound teaching, u accord- 
ing to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which has been 
intrusted to me. 

(455) 



456 I TIMOTHY. [n. 

12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, -who has given me 
power, because he counted me faithful, and put me into the 
ministry; 13 me, I say, who before was a reviler and a persecu- 
tor and an overbearing man. But I obtained mercy, because I 
did it ignorantly in unbelief: u and the grace of our Lord was 
very abundant with faith, and love which is in Christ Jesus. 
16 Assuredly true and worthy of all acceptation is this saying: 
that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom 
I am chief. 1G But for this reason I obtained mercy, that in 
me first Jesus Christ might show all long-suffering, for an 
example to those who might afterward believe on him in order 
to life eternal. 17 Now to the King of the ages, the incorrupti- 
ble, invisible, only wise God, be honor and glory from age to 
age. Amen.) 

18 This charge I commit to you, son Timothy, in accordance 
with the preceding prophecies concerning you, that by them 
you may war the good warfare, 19 holding faith and a good con- 
science, which some having thrust from them, as it respects faith 
have made shipwreck ; of whom are Hymenasus and Alexander, 
20 whom I have delivered to Satan, that they may learn not to 
revile. 

II. 1 I exhort, therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, 
intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men, 2 for 
kings, and for all that are in authority, that we may lead a 
quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and gravity. 3 For this 
is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, *who is 
willing that all men should be saved, and come to the knowledge 
of the truth. 5 For there is one God, and one mediator between 
God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself a ran- 
som for all, of which the testimony has been given in its proper 



IIL ] . I TIMOTHY. 457 

times, 7 to give which testimony I have been appointed a preacher 
and an apostle; (I speak the. truth, and lie not;) a teacher of 
the Gentiles in faithfulness and in truth. 

8 1 will, therefore, that the men pray everywhere, lifting up 
holy hands without wrath and disputation. 9 In like manner, 
also, / will that the women adorn themselves with decorous 
dress, with modesty and sobriety, not with plaited hair, or gold, 
or pearls, or costly raiment, 10 but with good works ; since this 
becomes women who profess godliness. 

"Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. 12 I 
suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the 
man, but to be in silence. 13 For Adam was first formed, then 
Eve. K And Adam was not deceived: but the woman being 
deceived, was in transgression; 15 but they shall be saved by 
the bearing of children, if they continue in faith and love and 
holiness with sobriety. 

III. 1 This is a true saying: If any desires the office of a 
bishop, he desires a good work. 2 A bishop, then, must be blame- 
less, the husband of one wife, watchful, soberminded, modest, 
hospitable, able to teach, 3 not fond of wine, not quarrelsome, 
not one who makes money by base means ; but gentle, not con- 
tentious, not covetous; 4 one that rules his own house well; 
having his children in subjection with all gravity: 5 for if a man 
knows not how to rule his own house, how will he take care of 
the church of God? 6 Not a new convert, lest, having become 
conceited, he fall into the condemnation of the devil. 'Further, 
he must have a good reputation from those who are without, 
lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil. 

8 The deacons, likewise, must be grave, not double-tongued, 
given to much wine, not makers of money by base means, 



458 I TIMOTHY. [rv. 

9 holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. 10 And 
let these also he first proved, then let them become deacons, 
being blameless. n Their wives likewise must be grave, not 
slanderers, watchful, faithful in all things. 12 Let the deacons 
be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their 
own houses well. 13 For those who have filled the office of a 
deacon well, gain for themselves a good degree, and great bold- 
ness in the faith that is in Christ Jesus. 

14 1. write these things to you, hoping to come to you shortly; 
15 but if I delay, that you may know how you ought to conduct 
yourself in the house of God, which is the church of the living 
God, the pillar and support of the truth. 16 And confessedly 
great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in flesh, 
justified in spirit, seen by angels, preached among the Gentiles, 
believed on in the world, received up in glory. 

IV. 1 IS[ow the Spirit says expressly, that, in the last times, 
some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, 
and teachings suggested by demons, 2 through the hypocrisy of 
liars, who are seared in their conscience, 3 who forbid to marry, 
and command to abstain from meats, which God has created to 
be received with thanksgiving by those who believe, and know 
the truth. * For every creature of God is good, and nothing is 
to be rejected, if it be received with thanksgiving; 5 for it is 
sanctified by the word of God, and by prayer. 

6 By recommending these things to the attention of the breth- 
ren, you will be a good minister of Jesus Christ, being nour- 
ished with the words of the faith, and of good teaching, which 
you have fully known. 7 But reject those profane and old- 
womanish fables, and exercise yourself for godliness. 8 For 
the exercise of the body is profitable for little; but godliness is 



v.] I TIMOTHY. 459 

profitable for all things, and has the promise of the life that now 
is, and also of that which is to come. 9 This is a true saying, 
and worthy of all acceptation : 10 for to this end we both labor, 
and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is 
the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe. n These 
things command and teach. 

12 Let no one despise your youth ; but be an example to the 
oelievers, in word, in behavior, in love, in spirit, in faithfulness, 
in purity. 13 Till I come, give attention to reading, to exhorta- 
tion, to teaching. 14 Neglect not the gift that is in you, which 
was given you according to prophecy, with the laying on of 
the hands of the eldership. 15 Meditate upon these things ; give 
yourself wholly to them, that your advancement may be mani- 
fest in all things. 1(i Take heed to yourself, and to your teach- 
ing; continue in them; for by doing this, you will save both 
yourself, and those who hear you. 

V. l Do not rebuke an elderly man, but entreat him as a 
father; the younger men, as brothers-: 2 the elder women, 
as mothers; the younger women, as sisters, with all purity. 
3 Honor widows that are widows indeed. * But if any widow 
has children or grand-children, let them learn first to be duti- 
ful to their own family, and to requite their parents ; for that 
is good and acceptable in the sight of God. 5 But she that is a 
widow indeed, and left alone, trusts in God, and continues in 
supplications and prayers night and day. 6 But she that lives 
voluptuously, is dead while she lives. 7 These things also give 
in charge, that they may be blameless. 8 And if any one pro- 
vides not for his own, and especially for those of his own house- 
hold, he has denied the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever. 

9 Let a widow be put on the list, if she is not under sixty 



460 I TIMOTHY. [v. 

years, having been the wife of one man, 10 having a good repu- 
tation for good works ; if she has borne children, if she has en- 
tertained strangers, if she has washed the saints' feet, if she has 
relieved the afflicted, if she has diligently followed every good 
work. u But the younger widows reject: for when they become 
wanton against the Christ, they desire to marry, 12 incurring 
condemnation, because they have set aside their former obliga- 
tion. 18 At the same time, also, they learn to be idle, wandering 
about from house to house ; and not only idle, but tattlers also, 
and busybodies, speaking things which are not proper. 14 I will, 
therefore., that the younger widows marry, bear children, man- 
age the house, and thus give no occasion to the adversaries to 
speak reproachfully. 15 For some have already turned aside 
after Satan. 16 If any believing man or woman has widows, let 
him or her relieve them, and let not the church be burdened, 
that it may relieve those who are widows indeed. 

17 Let the elders who rule well, be counted worthy of double 
honor, especially those who labor in word and teaching. 18 For 
the scripture says : You shall not muzzle the ox that treads out 
the grain; and, The laborer is worthy of his hire. 

19 Receive not an accusation against an old man, unless before 
two or three witnesses. 20 Those who sin rebuke before all, that 
the rest also may fear. 21 1 charge you before God, and the 
Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that you observe these 
things without prejudice, and that you do nothing by parti- 
ality. 

22 Lay hands hastily on no man, nor be partaker of other 
men's sins : keep yourself pure. 

23 Drink water no longer, but use a little wine for your stom- 
ach's sake, and your frequent infirmities. 

2i Some men's sins are manifest beforehand, going before to 



VI .] I TIMOTHY. 461 

judgment. Some persons, however, they follow after. K Like- 
wise, also, the good works of some are manifest beforehand; 
and those which are otherwise can not be concealed. 

VI. 1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count 
their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God, 
and his teaching, be not reviled. 2 And those who have believ- 
ing masters, let them not despise them, because they are breth- 
ren : but rather let them serve them, because they who partake 
of the benefit of their service, are believers and beloved brethren. 
These things enforce in your teaching and exhortation. 

3 If any one teaches other things, and does not assent to the 
sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the teaching which 
is according to godliness, 4 he is mad with conceit, knowing 
nothing, but has a morbid fondness for questions and conten- 
tions about words, out of which come envy, strife, railing, evil 
suspicions, 5 and wranglings, on the part of men who are corrupt 
in mind, and destitute of the truth, who suppose that godliness 
is a source of gain. Prom such withdraw yourself. 

"But godliness, with a contented disposition, is great gain. 
7 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain that 
we can carry nothing out. 8 And having food and raiment, 
with these let us be content. 9 But those who will be rich fail 
into temptation and a snare, and many foolish and hurtful de- 
sires, which drown men in destruction and perdition. IO For the 
love of money is the root of all evil; through the desire of 
which, some have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves 
through with many sorrows. 

11 But do you, man of God, shun these things, and pursue 
righteousness, godliness, faithfulness, love, patience, meekness. 
12 Fight the good fight of the faith; lay hold on eternal life, to 



462 I TIMOTHY. [vi. 

which you have been called, and for which you confessed the 
good confession before many witnesses. 13 1 charge you, in the 
sight of God, who makes all things alive, and before Christ 
Jesus, who, before Pontius Pilate, confessed a good confession, 
14 that you keep this commandment, so that you may be spotless 
and blameless till the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
ls which, in his own times, he will show, who is the blessed and 
only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; 16 who 
alone has immortality, dwelling in light unapproachable, whom 
no man has seen, nor can see, tn whom be honor and power 
eternal. Amen. 

"Charge those who are rich in this age, that they be not 
proud, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who 
gives us all things richly for our enjoyment, 18 that they do 
good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to 
distribute, liberal, 19 treasuring up for themselves a good founda- 
tion for the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal 
life. 

20 Timothy, keep that which is committed to your charge, 
avoiding those profane and empty babblings, and disputations 
about knowledge falsely so called; 21 by making a profession of 
this knowledge, some have erred as it respects the faith. Grace 
be with you. Amen. 



PAUL TO TIMOTHY. 



SECOND LETTEE. 

I. l T) AUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, 
I according to the promise of life, which is in Christ 
Jesus, 2 to Timothy my beloved son; grace, mercy, and peace 
from God our Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord. 

3 1 thank God, whom I serve with a pure conscience, after the 
custom of my forefathers, that, without ceasing, I have remem- 
brance of you in my prayers night and day, 4 greatly desiring 
to see you, being mindful of your tears, that I may be filled 
with joy; 5 for I remember the unfeigned faith that is in you, 
which dwelt first in your grandmother Lois, and in your 
mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that it dwells in you also. 

6 Wherefore I exhort you to kindle up the gift of God that is 
in you by the laying on of my hands. 7 For God has not given 
us the spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound 
mind. 

8 Be not, therefore, ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor 
of me, his prisoner : but jointly suffer evil in the gospel accord- 
ing to the power of God, 9 who has saved us, and called us with 
a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his 
own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus be- 
fore the times of the ages, 10 but is now made manifest by the 
appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has deprived death 

(463) 



464 II TIMOTHY. [11. 

of its power, and brought life and incorruptibility to light 
through the gospel; n to which I have been appointed a 
preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles; 12 for 
which cause I also suffer these things ; yet I am not ashamed : 
for I know in whom I have believed, and I am persuaded that 
he is able to keep that which I have intrusted to him till that 
day. 

13 Hold fast the form of sound words which you have heard 
from me, in faithfulness and in love which is in Christ Jesus. 
14 That good thing which was intrusted to you, keep by the 
Holy Spirit that dwells in us. 

15 You know this, that all those who are in Asia have turned 
away from me ; all those, I say, of whom are Phygellus and 
Hermogenes. 18 May the Lord give mercy to the house of 
Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me, and was not ashamed 
of my chain: "but when he was in Rome, he sought for me 
very diligently, and found me. 18 The Lord grant to him, that 
he may find mercy from the Lord in that day. And in how 
many things he ministered to me in Ephesus, you know very 
well. 

II. a Do you, therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that 
is in Christ Jesus; 2 and the things which you have heard from 
me through many witnesses, these do you commit to faithful 
men, who shall be able to teach others also. 3 Do you, there- 
fore, suffer evil, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. * Every one 
that serves as a soldier keeps himself free from the business of 
this life, that he may please him that has chosen him to be a 
soldier. 5 And if any one also contend in the public games, he 
is not crowned, unless he contend according to the laws. 6 B 
is necessary that the farmer should labor, before he partakes of 



n.] II TIMOTHY. 465 

the fruits. 7 Consider what I say, for I pray that the Lord 
may give you understanding in all things. 

8 Remember that Jesus Christ, of the posterity of David, was' 
raised from the dead, according to my gospel; 9 in which I suf- 
fer evil, as an evil-doer, even to bonds : but the word of G-od is 
not bound. 10 For this reason I endure all things for the sake 
of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation that is in 
Christ Jesus, with eternal glory. n Assuredly true is the say- 
ing: If indeed we have died with him, we shall also live with 
him; 12 if we are patient, we shall also reign with him; if we- 
deny him, he will also deny us; 13 if we are unfaithful, he re- 
mains faithful : he can not deny himself. 

14 Put them in mind of these things, charging them before the 
Lord that they dispute not about words to no profit, which dis- : 
putes end in the overthrow of the hearers, 15 Strive to present 
yourself to (rod as approved, a workman that has no cause to 
be ashamed, rightly setting forth the word of truth. 16 But 
shun profane and vain babblings; for they will make further 
advance to ungodliness, 17 and their word will eat as a gangrene : 
of whom are Hymenseus and Philetus, 18 who, as it respects the 
truth, have erred, saying that the resurrection has already 
taken place; and they overthrow the faith of some. 

19 But the foundation of God stands firm, having this inscrip- 
tion : The Lord knows those who are his ; and, Let every one 
that names the name of Christ depart from iniquity. 20 In a 
great house, however, there are not only vessels of gold and of 
silver, but also of wood and of earth, and some for honor, and 
some for dishonor. 21 If, therefore, any one will cleanse him- 
self from these strifes about words, he will be a vessel for honor, 
sanctified, highly useful to the master, prepared for 'every good 
work. 

30 



466 



II TIMOTHY. 



[in. 



22 Shun youthful desires, and follow righteousness, faithful- 
ness, love, peace, with those who call on the Lord out of a pure 
:heart. ^But avoid foolish and unprofitable questions, because 
you know that they produce contentions: M and the servant of 
>the Lord must not be contentious, but gentle toward all men, 
able to teach, patient under evils, 25 in meekness instructing those 
who oppose themselves, if, possibly, God may give them repent- 
ance in order to the acknowledgment of the truth, 26 and that 
they may awake to sobriety out of the snare of the devil, after 
having been taken captive by him according to his will. 

III. x But know this, that in the last days trying times will 
come. 2 For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, 
boasters, proud, revilers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, 
unholy,: 3 without natural affection, implacable, false accusers, 
intemperate, fierce, haters of those who are good, * traitors, rash, 
conceited, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God, 5 having 
a form of godliness, but denying its power : from these also 
turn away. 6 For of this sort are those who worm themselves 
into houses, and lead captive silly women that are laden with 
sins, and influenced by various desires, 7 that are always learn- 
ing, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. 

8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so these also 
will withstand the truth ; men corrupt in mind, rejected as it 
respects the faith. 9 But they shall proceed no further; for 
their madness shall be manifest to all, as was the madness of 
those men. 

10 But you have fully known my teaching, my course of life, 
my purpose, my faithfulness, my long-suffering, my love, my 
patience, n my persecutions, my sufferings which came upon me 
in Antioch, in Iconium, in Lystra; you well know what perse- 



rv.J II TIMOTHY. 467 y 

cutions I endured: and yet out of them all, the Lord delivered^ 
me. I2 And all that will live godly in Christ Jesus, shall suffer 
persecution. ia But evil men and impostors will become worse 
and worse, deceiving, and being deceived. 

14 But do you continue in the things which you have learned 
and well understood, knowing from whom you learned them, 
15 and that from a child you have known the holy scriptures, 
which are able to make you wise in order to salvation, through 
faith that is in Christ Jesus. 16 A11 scripture is given by in- 
spiration of God, and is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for 
correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God; 1 
may be perfect, thoroughly furnished for every good work. 

IV. 1 1 charge you, therefore, before God and the Lord Jesus : 
Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at his appearing- 
and his kingdom, 2 preach the word, be urgent in season arid out" 
of season, reprove, rebuke, eshort with all long-suffering and ;: 
teaching. 3 For the time will come when they will not endure 
sound teaching, but according to their own_ desires they will pro- ' 
cure for themselves an abundance of teachers to gratify their 
itching ears: *and they will turn away their ears from the 
truth, and be turned to fables. 5 But do you be watchful in all ! 
things, endure evil, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your* 
ministry. 

6 For I am now ready to be poured out, and the time of my 
departure is at hand. 7 I have fought the good fight, I have 
finished the race, I have kept the faith : 8 henceforth there is 
laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the 
righteous judge, will give me at that day ; and not to me only, 
but to all those who love his appearing. 

9 Endeavor to come to me shortly; 10 for Demashas forsaken 



468 II TIMOTHY. [iv. 

me, having loved the present age ; and he has gone to Thessa- 
lonica, Orescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia. n Only Luke is 
with me. Take Mark, and bring him with you, for he is useful 
to me for the ministry. 12 I have sent Tychicus to Ephesus. 
13 When you come, bring the cloak that I left in Troas with Car- 
pus, and the books, especially the parchments. 

14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord 
repay him according to his works. 15 Do you, also, beware of 
him, for he has greatly withstood our words. 

16 At my first defense no one stood by me, but all forsook 
me ; may it not be laid to their charge : 17 but the Lord stood 
by me, and gave me strength, that through me that which is 
preached might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might 
hear : and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. 18 And 
the Lord will deliver me from every evil work, and bring me 
safe to his heavenly kingdom. To him be glory from age to 
age. Amen. 

19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. 
, 20 Erastus remained at Corinth. I left Trophimus sick at 
Miletus. 21 Endeavor to come to me before winter. Eubulus 
and Pudens and Linus and Claudia and all the brethren salute 
you. 22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Grace be 
with you all. Amen. 



PAUL TO TITUS. 



I. 1 TT\AUL, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Chi 1st, 
_1 according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowl- 
edgement of the truth, which is according to godliness; 2 in 
hope of eternal life, which God, who can not lie, promised be- 
fore the times of the ages, 3 but he has in his own times mani- 
fested his word by preaching, which was committed to me ac- 
cording to the commandment of God our Savior ; 4 to Titus, my 
true son, according to the common faith: grace, mercy, and 
peace from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior. 

5 1 left you in Crete for this purpose, that you might set in 
order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every 
city, as I commanded you : G if any one is blameless, the husband 
of one wife, if he has faithful children that are not accused of 
riotous living, or disobedient. 7 For the bishop must be blame- 
less, as the steward of God ; not self-willed, not passionate, not 
fond of wine,, not quarrelsome, not one who makes money by 
base means ; 8 but hospitable, a lover of goodness, sober-minded, 
just, holy, temperate, 9 holding fast the sure word as it is taught, 
that he may be able, by sound teaching, both to exhort and to 
convince the opposers. 

10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, 
especially those of the circumcision, u whose mouths must be 
stopped : these subvert whole houses by teaching, for the sake 

of base gain, things which they ought not to teach. 12 One of 

(469) 



470 TITUS. [ii. 

themselves, a prophet of their own, has said : The Cretans are 
always liars, evil wild beasts, lazy gluttons. 13 This testimony 
is true; wherefore rebuke them severely, that they may be 
sound in the faith, 14 and not give heed to Jewish fables, and com- 
mandments of men that turn away from the truth. 15 To the 
pure, all things are pure: but to the defiled and unbelieving, 
nothing is pure; but their mind and their conscience are defiled. 
16 They profess that they know God, but in their works they 
deny him, being detestable and disobedient, and, as it respects 
every good work, rejected. 

II. 1 But do you speak the things that become sound teaching; 
. a that the aged men be vigilant, grave, sober-minded, sound in 
faith, in love, in patience; 3 that the aged women likewise be, 
;in deportment, as it becomes holy women, not slanderers, not 

enslaved to much wine, teachers of good things, Hhat they may 
.teach the young women to be sober-minded, to love their hus- 
,bands, to love their children, B to be discreet, chaste, fond of 
jhome, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of 

God be not reviled. 

6 Exhort the young .men likewise to be sober-minded, 7 in all 
jthings showing yourself an example of good works; in teach- 
ing, showing incorruptness, gravity, 8 sound speech that can not 
r be condemned; that he that is opposed may be ashamed, seeing 
.he has no evil thing to say of us. 

9 Exhort servants to be subject to their own masters, and to 

please them well in all things, not contradicting, 10 not stealing, 
.but showing all good faithfulness, that they may adorn the 

teaching of God our Savior in all things. 

11 For the grace of God, which brings salvation to all men, has 

appeared, 12 teaching us, that denying ungodliness and worldly 



in.] TITUS. 

desires, we should live soberly and righteously and godly in the 
present age; 13 looking for the blessed hope, and the glorious ap- 
pearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, u who gave 
himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and 
purify for himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. 
15 Speak these things, and exhort and rebuke with all strictness. 
'Let no one despise you. 

III. T Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and 
authorities, to obey rulers, to be ready for every good work, 2 to 
revile no one, not to be contentious, but gentle, showing all 
meekness to all men. 3 For we ourselves also were formerly 
foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various desires and pleas- 
ures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one an- 
other. 

4 But when the kindness and philanthropy of God our Savior 
appeared, he saved us, 5 not by works of righteousness which 
we had done, but according to his own mercy, by the washing 
of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Spirit, 6 which he 
poured out on us richly, through Jesus Christ our Savior; 7 that, 
being justified by his grace, we might become heirs according 
to the hope of eternal life. 

8 This saying is true, and in respect to these things, I will that 
you affirm strongly, in order that those who have believed in 
God may be careful to practice good works : these are the 
things that are honorable and profitable for men. 9 But foolish 
questions and genealogies and strifes and contentions about 
the law, avoid; for they are unprofitable and vain. 10 A man 
that is a sectary, reject, after the first and second admonition, 
11 knowing that such a one is perverted, and sins, being self-con- 
demned. 



472 TITUS. [ni. 

12 When I send Artemas to you, or Tychicus, hasten to come 
to me at Nicopolis ; for I have determined to spend the winter 
there. 13 Conduct Zenas the lawyer, and Apollos on their jour- 
ney with care, that nothing may be wanting to them. 14 Let 
our people also learn to practice good works for necessary uses, 
that they may not be unfruitful. 

15 All that are with me salute you. Salute those who love ue 
in faithfulness. Grace be with you all. Amen. 



PAUL TO PHILEMON. 



AUL, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy my brother, 
to Philemon my beloved, and our fellow-laborer, a and to 
our beloved Apphia, and to Archippus our fellow-soldier, and to 
the church that is in your house : grace be to you all, and 
peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 

4 1 thank my God, making mention of you always in my 
prayers, 5 hearing of your love and your faith, which you have 
in the Lord Jesus, and toward all the saints, 6 that your par- 
ticipation in the faith may be active in the acknowledgment of 
every good thing that is in us, to the honor of Christ Jesus. 
7 For we have great joy and comfort in your love, because the 
hearts of the saints have been refreshed by you, brother. 

8 Wherefore, though I have great boldness in Christ to com- 
mand you to do that which is becoming, 9 yet, on account of my 
love, I rather .exhort you, being such a one as Paul the aged, 
and now also a prisoner on account of Jesus Christ. 10 1 beseech 
you for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds, 
11 who, for some time, has been unprofitable to you, but now is 
very profitable to you and to me : ia I send him back, and do 
you receive him, that is, my son. 13 1 did wish to keep him with 
me, that, in your stead, he might serve me in my bonds for 
the gospel ; u but, without your consent, I was not willing to do 
any thing, that your good deed might not be as a matter of 
necessity, but one of free-will. 

"(473) 



474 PHILEMON. 

15 Perhaps, indeed, lie departed for a short time for this reason, 
that you might receive him forever ; 16 no longer as a servant, 
but above a servant, a brother beloved, especially by me, and 
how much more by you, both in the flesh and in the Lord. 17 If, 
then, you regard me as a partner, receive him as myself. 18 But 
if he has done you any wrong, or owes you any thing, put that 
to my account. 19 1, Paul, do write it with my own hand, I will 
repay it; that I may not say to you, that you owe to me even 
yourself besides. 20 Yes, brother, let me have joy of you in the 
Lord : refresh my heart in the Lord. 21 Having confidence in 
your obedience, I write to you, knowing that you will do even 
more than I say. 22 At the same time, also, prepare me a lodg- 
ing : for I hope that through the prayers of you all, I may be 
given to you. 23 Epaphras, my fellow-prisoner in Christ Jesus, 
salutes you: 2 *so also do Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, 
my fellow-laborers. 25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be 
with your spirits. Amen. 



PAUL TO THE HEBREWS. 



I. J /~^ OD, who in many parts and in many ways spoke in 
\^A ancient times to the fathers by the prophets, has in 
these last days spoken to us by his Son, 2 whom he has ap- 
pointed heir of all things, by whom, also, he made the ages; 
3 who, being the effulgence of his glory and the exact represen- 
tation of his essence, and upholding all things by his own pow- 
erful word, when he had by himself made expiation for our sins, 
sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, * having 
become so far superior to the angels, as the name which he has 
inherited is more excellent than theirs. 

8 For to which of the angels did he at any time say: Thou 
art my Son, this day have I begotten thee ? And again : I will 
be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son ? 6 And again, 
when he brings the first-begotten into the world, he says : And 
let all the angels of God worship him. 7 And of the angels he 
says : Who makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame 
of fire. 8 But to the Son: Thy throne, God, is from age 
to age : a f scepter of rectitude is the scepter of thy kingdom. 
9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity ; therefore, 
God, thy God, has anointed thee with the oil of gladness above 
thy fellows. 10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning, didst lay the 
foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of thy 
hands. n They shall perish ; but thou remainest : and they all 

shall grow old as a garment; 12 and as a mantle thou shalt fold 

(475) 



476 HEBREWS. [n. 

them up, and they shall be changed; but thou art the same, 
and thy years shall not fail. 

13 But to which of the angels has he said at any time : Sit on 
my right hand, till I make thy enemies thy footstool ? 14 Are 
they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to those 
who shall inherit salvation ? 

II. x Therefore, we ought to give the more earnest heed to 
the things which we have heard, lest we let them glide away. 
2 For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every 
transgression and disobedience received a just punishment, 3 ho\v 
shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation ? which at first 
began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by 
those who heard him ; * God also bearing testimony with them 
by signs and wonders, and by various mighty deeds, and by 
distributions of the Holy Spirit, according to his own will. 

5 For not to angels has he subjected the world to come of 
which we speak. "But one in a certain place testified, saying: 
What is man, that thou art mindful of him; or the son of man, 
that thou dost visit him ? 7 Thou hast made him a little lower 
than the angels; thou hast crowned him with glory and honor; 
8 thou hast put all things under his feet. For, in putting all 
things under him, he left nothing that is not put under him: 
but now we do not yet see all things put under him. 9 But we 
see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, that he 
might, by the grace of God, taste death for every man we see 
him, on account of his having suffered death, crowned with 
glory and honor. 10 For it became him, for whom are all things, 
and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to 
make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 

11 For both he that sanctifies, and those who are sanctified, 



IIL ] HEBEEWS. 477 

are all of one Father : for which reason, he is not ashamed to 
call them brethren, saying: 12 I will declare thy name among 
my brethren ; in the midst of the assembly, will I sing hymns 
to thee. 13 And again : I will put my trust in him. And again : 
Behold, I, and the children that God has given me. M Since, 
then, the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also, 
in like manner, partook of the same, that, through his death, 
he might deprive of power him that has the power of death, 
that is, the devil; 15 and might set free those who, through fear, 
of death, were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 16 Por, 
verily, he does not take hold of angels, but he takes hold of 
the posterity of Abraham. 17 Wherefore, it behooved him to be 
made like his brethren in all things, that he might be a mer- 
ciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, in 
order to make expiation for the sins of the people. 18 For, inas- 
much as he himself has suffered in being tempted, he is able to 
help those who are tempted. 

III. * Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly 
calling, consider the apostle and high priest of our confession, 
Christ Jesus, 2 who is faithful to him that appointed him, as 
Moses also was faithful in all his house. 3 For this man is 
counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who 
has builded the house, has more honor than the house. 4 For 
every house is builded by some one ; but he that built all things 
is God. 5 And Moses indeed was faithful in all his house as a 
servant, to bear testimony to those things which were to be 
spoken afterward ; 6 but Christ, as a Son over his own house ; 
whose house we are, if we hold the confidence and the joy of 
our hope firm to the end. 

'Wherefore, as the Holy Spirit says: To-day, if you will 



478 HEBKEWS. [iv. 

hear hits voice, 8 harden not your hearts, as in the bitter provo- 
cation, in the day of trial in. the wilderness, 9 where your fathers 
tried me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. 10 Where- 
fore, I was angry with that generation, and said, They do al- 
ways err in their heart, and they have not known my ways : 
11 so that I swore in my anger, They shall not enter into my 
rest. 12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you 
an evil heart of unbelief in apostatizing from the living God. 
13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To-day, lest 
any of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we 
are partakers of the Christ, if we hold our begun confidence 
firm to the end ; 15 while it is said, To-day, if you will hear his 
voice, harden not your hearts, as in the bitter provocation. 
16 For some, when they had heard, did bitterly provoke; yet, 
not all that came out of Egypt 'by Moses. "But with whom 

i 

was he angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, 
whose carcasses fell in the wilderness ? 18 But to whom did he 
swear that they should not enter into his rest, but to those 
who believed not ? 19 And so we see that they could not enter 
in because of unbelief. 

IV. T Let us fear, therefore, lest, as a promise of entering 
into his rest still remains, any of you should seem to come 
short of it. 2 For we have had the good news preached to us, 
even as they had : but the word preached did not profit them, 
for it was not mixed with faith in those who heard it. 3 For 
we who have believed are to enter into rest, as he said : So I 
swore in my anger, they shall not enter into my rest; namely, 
that rest from, his works which had been finished from the 
foundation of the world. 4 For he spoke in a certain place of 
the seventh day, thus: And God did rest on the seventh day 



V.] HEBBEWS. 479 

from all his works; 5 and in this place again: They shall not 
enter into my rest. 

6 Since, then, it remark that some must enter into it, and they, 
to whom the good news was first preached, did not enter in on 
account of unbelief, 'again, he determines a certain day, say- 
ing in David, after so long a time, To-day, as it is said, To- 
day, if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8 For 
if Joshua had given them rest, he would not, after this, have 
spoken of another day. 9 There remains, therefore, a sabbath- 
state for the people of God. 10 For he that has entered into his 
rest, he also has ceased from his own works, as God did from 
his. 

11 Let us earnestly strive, therefore, to enter into that rest, 
lest any one fall after the same example of unbelief. 12 For the 
word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two- 
edged sword, and pierces even to the dividing asunder of soul 
and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of 
the thoughts and intents of the heart. 13 And there is no crea- 
ture which is not manifest in his sight : but all things are naked, 
and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give an ac- 
count. 

"Seeing, then, that we have a great high priest, who has 
passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold 
fast our confession. 15 For we have not a high priest that can 
not sympathize with our infirmities; but he was tempted in all 
things like ourselves, yet without sin. 16 Let us come, therefore, 
with boldness, to the throne of grace, that we may receive 
mercy, and find grace to help in every time of need. 

V. J For every high priest chosen from among men, is ap- 
pointed for men, in things pertaining to God, that he may offer 



480 HEBBEWS. [vi. 

gifts and sacrifices for sins : 2 being able to have compassion on 
the ignorant and erring, because he himself is beset with in- 
firmity : 3 and on account of this, he ought, as for the people, 
so also for himself, to make offering for sins. *And no one 
takes this honor to himself, but he that is called by God, as 
Aaron also was called. 5 So, also, the Christ did not take upon 
himself the honor of becoming a high priest : but he gave him 
this honor, who said to him, Thou art my Son, this day have I 
begotten thee : 6 as he says also in another place, Thou art a 
priest forever, after the order of Melchisedec. 

7 In the days of his flesh, having offered up prayers and sup- 
plications, with strong crying and tears, to him that was able 
to save him from death, and having been heard with respect to 
that which he feared, 8 although he was a Son, he yet learned 
obedience from the things which he suffered ; 9 and, having been 
made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all 
that obey him, 10 being called by God a high priest after the 
order of Melchisedec. 

11 Of him we have many things to say, and difficult to be 
explained, if we do say them, since you are slow in understand- 
ing. 12 For though you ought to be teachers, considering the 
time, yet you have need that some one teach you again what 
are the first elements of the oracles of God; and you have be- 
come such as have need of milk, and not of strong food. 13 For 
every one that partakes of milk is unskillful in the word of 
righteousness : for he is a babe. 14 But strong food belongs to 
those who are of mature age, who, by use, have their internal 
senses exercised to the discerning of both good and evil. 

VI. 1 Therefore, omitting the elementary Christian teaching, 
let us go on to the perfection of Christian instruction, not lay- 



vi.] HEBBEWS. 481 

ing again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and 
of faith toward God, 2 of the teaching with respect to immer- 
sions, and of the laying on of hands, of the resurrection of the 
dead, and of eternal condemnation. 3 And this we will do, if 
God permit. * For it is impossible to renew again to repentance 
those who have once been enlightened, and have tasted of the 
heavenly gift, and have been made partakers of the Holy 
Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers 
of the coming age, 6 if they fall away ; since they again crucify- 
in themselves the Son of God, and put him to an open shame. 

7 For the land which drinks up the rain that comes often 
upon it, and produces herbs suitable for those for whom it is 
cultivated, receives blessing' from God. 8 But that which pro- 
duces thorns and thistles is rejected, and is near the curse, the 
end of which is to be burned. 

9 But, beloved, we are confident of better things concerning 
you, and of things that tend to salvation, though we thus 
speak. 10 For God is not unjust, that he should forget your 
work, and the love which you have shown for his name by 
having ministered to the saints, and by continuing to minister. 

"But we desire every one of y-Yx to show the same dili- 
gence, in order to have your hope fully assured to the end : 
12 that you may not become slothful, jut imitators of those who, 
through faith and patience, inherit ;he promises. 13 For when 
God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no 
greater, he swore by himself, w say ing: Most surely will I 
abundantly bless you, and abundantly multiply you. 15 And so, 
when he had waited patiently, he received the promises. 16 For, 
verily, men swear by the greater, and an oath for confirmation 
is to them an end of all contradiction. 
31 



482 HEBREWS. [VIL 

17 Wherefore, God, being more abundantly willing to show to 
the heirs of his promise the immutability of his purpose, inter- 
posed an oath, 18 that by two immutable things, in which it was 
impossible for God to lie, we might have strong consolation, 
who have fled to lay hold on the hope set before us; 19 which 
'hope we have as an anchor for the soul, both sure and steadfast, 
and which enters in beyond the vail, 20 whither a forerunner for 
us has gone, even Jesus, who is made a high priest forever 
after the order of Melchisedec. 

VII. 1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most 
high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of 
the kings, and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham, gave a 
tenth of all, being, first, by interpretation, King of righteous- 
ness, and then, also, King of Salem, which means King of 
peace, 3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, hav- 
ing neither beginning of days, nor end of life, but being made 
to resemble the Son of God, remains a priest forever. 

4 Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the 
patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils. 5 And those of 
the sons of Levi, who receive the office of priesthood, have a 
commandment to take tithes of the people according to the 
law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the 
loins of Abraham: 6 but he who does not count his genealogy 
from them, received tithes from Abraham, and blessed him that 
had the promises. 7 And, without any contradiction, the less is 
blessed by the better. 

8 And in the one instance, men that die receive tithes; but 
in the other, he receives them who has the testimony that he 
lives. 'And so to speak, even Levi, who receives tithes, paid 



vii.] HEBEEWS. 483 

tithes through. Abraham; 10 for he was yet in the loins of his 
father, when Melchisedec met him. 

11 If, then, there had been a perfect expiation by means of the 
Levitical priesthood, (for with reference to it, the people received 
the law,) what further need was there that another priest should 
be raised up after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called 
after the order of Aaron ? 12 It is evident that, when the priest- 
hood is changed, there is of necessity a change also of the law. 
13 For he of whom these things are said, belongs to another 
tribe, from which no one attended upon the altar. 14 For it is 
very clear that our Lord sprung from Judah, of which tribe 
Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. 

15 And it is yet far more evident, if, after the likeness of Mel- 
chisedec, there arises another priest, 16 who is made, not accord- 
ing to the law of a fleshly commandment, but according to the 
power of an endless life; for he testifies, "Thou art a priest 
forever after the order of Melchisedec. 

18 For, indeed, there is a setting aside of the preceding com- 
mandment, because it was weak and unprofitable, 19 (for the 
law made no perfect expiation), and the introduction of a bet- 
ter hope, by which we draw near to God. . 20 And inasmuch 
as he was made a priest, not without an oath, ( 21 for those 
priests were made such without an oath, but this one with an 
oath, by him that said to him, The Lord swore, and will not 
regret, Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchise- 
dec;) 22 in so much has Jesus become the surety of a better 
covenant. 

83 And those priests, indeed, have been many, because they 
were prevented by death from continuing in office. 2i But this 
Eaan, because he continues forever, has an unchangeable priest- 
hood. ^"Wherefore, he is able also to save through all time 



484 HEBEEWS. [vm. 

those who come to God by him, since lie always lives to make 
intercession for them. 

26 For such a high priest is suited to us, who is holy, harm- 
less, undefiled, separate from sinners, and exalted above the 
heavens ; 2T who needs not daily, as those high priests, to offer 
up sacrifices, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the 
people : for this he did once, when he offered up himself. 28 For 
the law makes men high priests, who have infirmity; but the 
word of the oath, which was after the law, makes the Son, who 
is perfected forever. 

VIII. 1 Now concerning the things that have been spoken, the 
principal point is this: We have such a high priest, who has 
taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty 
in the heavens; 2 a minister of the holy places, and of the true 
tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. 

3 For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacri- 
fices : wherefore, it is necessary that this one also have something 
which he may offer. 4 For if he were on earth, he could not be 
a priest ; because there are priests that offer gifts according to 
the law: 5 and these serve the copy and shadow of heavenly 
things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to 
make the tabernacle : See now, says he, that you make all things 
according to the pattern shown you in the mount. 6 But now 
he has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as he is 
the mediator of a better covenant, which is established with 
reference to better promises. 

7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, no place would 

have been sought for a second. 8 For, finding fault with them, 

" he says : Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I 

will ratify a new covenant for the house of lurael, and for the 



IX .] HEBKEWS. 485 

house of Judah: 9 not like the covenant which I made with 
their fathers, in the day when I took them by the hand to lead 
them out of the land of Egypt : because they continued not in 
my covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord. 10 For 
this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, 
after those days, says the Lord; putting my laws into their 
understanding, I will also write them upon their hearts ; and I 
will be to them a Grod, and they shall be to me a people ; u and 
they shall not teach, every one his citizen, and every one his 
brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from 
the least of them to the greatest; 12 because I will be merciful 
to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities I 
will remember no more. 

13 In saying, A new covenant, he has regarded the first as out 
of use. Now, that which is out of use, and has become old, is 
ready to disappear. 

IX. 1 Now, the first covenant also had ordinances of worship, 
and the worldly sanctuary : 2 for a tabernacle was constructed, 
the first, in which were the candlestick, and the table, and the 
presence bread; and this tabernacle is called holy. 3 But after 
the second vail, the tabernacle which is called the holy of 
holies; 4 which had the golden censer, and the ark of the cove- 
nant overlaid on all sides with gold, in which were the golden 
pot that held the manna, and the rod of Aaron that budded, 
and the tables of the covenant; 8 and over the ark, the cheru- 
bim of glory overshadowing the mercy-seat; of which things 
we can not now speak particularly. 

''Now, when these things were thus arranged, the priests 
went, at all times, into the first tabernacle, discharging the 
service of God. 7 But into the second, the high priest alone went, 



486 HEBREWS'. [ix. 

once during the year, not without blood, which he offered for 
himself, and for the errors of the people : 8 the Holy Spirit signi- 
fying this, that the way into the most holy was not yet made 
manifest, while the first tabernacle was still standing, 9 which, 
as a symbol, remains to the present time, in which are offered 
both gifts and sacrifices that can not make perfect, as it respects 
the conscience, him that does the service; w since he relies only 
on meats and drinks and various immersions, ordinances in- 
deed of the flesh, which were imposed till the time of reforma- 
tion. 

11 But Christ, having come a high priest of the good things to 
come, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not 
made with hands, (that is, not of this building,) Centered, not 
by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, once 
for all, into the most holy, having obtained eternal redemption. 
13 For if the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of a heifer 
sprinkling the unclean, cleanses them as it respects the purity 
of the flesh, u how much more will the blood of the Christ, who, 
through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God, 
cleanse your conscience from dead works, in order that you may 
serve the living God? 

15 And for this reason, he is the mediator of the new cove- 
nant: that, since his death has taken place for the redemption of 
transgressions that were under the former covenant, those who 
are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. 
16 For where a testament is, it is necessary that there be brought 
in the death of the testator : 17 for a testament goes into effect 
after men are dead : seeing that it has no validity at all while 
the testator lives. 

18 "Wherefore, the first covenant was not instituted without 
blood. 19 For .when Moses had spoken to all the people every 



Xi ] HEBBEWS. 487 

commandment of the law, he took the blood of calves and of 
goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled 
both the book itself and all the people, saying : 20 This is the 
blood of the covenant which God enjoins on you : 21 and, in like 
manner, he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the 
vessels of the service. 22 And, indeed, according to the law, al- 
most all things are cleansed by blood ; and without the shedding 
of blood there is no remission. 

23 It was necessary, therefore, that the copies of the things in 
the heavens should be consecrated by these sacrifices; but that 
the heavenly things themselves should be consecrated by better 
sacrifices than these. 2 * For the Christ has not entered the holy 
places made with hands, the copies of the true; but he has en- 
tered heaven itself, now to present himself in the presence of 
God for us. 25 Nor has he entered, that he should offer himself 
often, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with 
the blood of another : 26 for then, he must have suffered often 
since the foundation of the world. But now once in the end of 
the ages, he has appeared in order to put away sin by the sac- 
rifice of himself. 27 And, as it is appointed to men once to die, 
and after this the judgment, 28 so the Christ was once offered 
to bear the sins of many ; and to those who look for him he will 
appear the second time, without a sin-offering, in order to sal- 
vation. 

X. 1 Por the law, having a shadow of good things to come, 
and not the very image of the things, can never, with the same 
sacrifices, which they offer year by year continually, make a per- 
fect expiation for those who come to them: 2 for then, would 
they not have ceased to be offered ? because the worshipers, after 
being once cleansed, would no longer have a consciousness of 



488 HEBEEWS. [x. 

sins. 3 There is, however, in these sacrifices, a remembrance of 
sins every year. 

*For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and of goats 
should take away sins. 5 Wherefore, when he comes into the 
world, he says : Sacrifice and offering thou hast not desired, but 
a body thou hast prepared me ; 6 in whole burnt-offerings and 
offerings for sin, thou hast had no pleasure. 7 Then, said I, 
Behold, I come, (in the roll of the book it is written of me,) to 
do thy will, God. 8 After saying above, Thou didst neither 
desire, nor take pleasure in sacrifice and offering and whole 
burnt-offerings and offerings for sin, which are offered according 
to the law, 9 then he said, Behold, I come to do thy will : he 
takes away the first, that he may establish the second. 10 By 
which will, we are sanctified through the offering of the body 
of Jesus Christ, once for all time. 

11 And every priest stands daily ministering, and offering 
oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins : 
12 but after offering one sacrifice for sins, he himself sits con- 
tinually at the right hand of God, 13 henceforth waiting till his 
enemies be made his footstool. 14 Por by one offering, he has 
made a perfeqt and perpetual expiation for the sanctified. 

15 And, indeed, the Holy Spirit is a witness for us. For after 
he had said before, 16 This is the covenant that I will make 
with them after those days, says the Lord ; putting my laws in 
their hearts, I will also write them in their understandings: 17 he 
adds, And their sins and iniquities I will remember no more. 
18 Now, where remission of these is, there is no more offering 
for sin. 

19 Having therefore, brethren, confidence to enter the holiest 
by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which he has 
dedicated for us, through the vail, that is, his flesh ; 21 and hav- 



x> ] HEBREWS. 489 

ing a great high priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw 
near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our 
hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed 
with pure water ; 23 let us hold fast the unwavering confession of 
our hope, for he is faithful who has promised; ^and let us 
consider one another that we may excite to love and good works, 
25 not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the 
custom of some; but exhorting one another, and so much the 
more, as you see the day approaching. 

20 For if we sin willfully, after we have received the knowl- 
edge of the truth, there remains no longer a, sacrifice for sins; 
27 but a certain fearful looking for. of judgment, and a fiery in- 
dignation which will devour the adversaries. w He that despised 
Moses' law, died without mercy, on the testimony of two or three 
witnesses : 29 of how much severer punishment do you think he 
shall be thought worthy, who has trodden under foot the Son 
of God, and has counted the blood of the covenant, with which 
he was sanctified, a common thing, and has done despite to the 
Spirit of grace? 30 For we know him who has said, Vengeance 
is mine, I will repay, says the Lord. And again, The Lord 
will judge his people.s 31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the 
hands of the living God. 

32 But remember the former days, in which, after you were 
enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings; 3S partly, 
while you became a public spectacle, by reproaches and afflic- 
tions : partly, while you became partakers with those who were 
so treated. ^For you sympathized with me in my bonds, and 
endured joyfully the seizure of your possessions, knowing that 
you have for yourselves a better and abiding substance in the 
heavens. 35 0ast not away, therefore, your confidence, which 
has a great reward. 



490 HEBEEWS. [XL 

3 ? For you have need of patience, that, after you have done 
the will of God, you may receive the promise. 37 For yet a 
very, very little while, and He that comes will come, and will 
not delay. 38 But the just by faith shall live; and if he draw 
back, my soul will have no pleasure in him. 39 But we are not 
of those who draw back to perdition ; but of those who believe 
to the saving of the soul. 

XI. 1 Now, faith is confidence with respect to things hoped 
for, persuasion with respect to things not seen: 2 for by thia 
the ancients obtained a good reputation. 

3 By faith we understand that the ages were set in order by 
the word of God, so that the things which are seen, have not 
come into being from things that appear. 

4 By faith Abel offered to God more sacrifice than Cain; on 
account of which he received testimony that he was righteous, 
God testifying of his gifts ; and by it he, though dead, yet 
speaks. 

5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death, 
and was not found, because God had translated him : for before 
his translation he had the testimony that he pleased God. 6 But 
without faith it is impossible to please him ; for he that comes 
to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of 
those who diligently seek him. 

7 By faith Noah, after being warned concerning things not yet 
seen, moved with fear, prepared an ark for the salvation of his 
house; by which faith he condemned the world, and became an 
heir of the righteousness which is by faith. 

8 By faith Abraham, when called to go out into a place that 
he should afterward receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he 
went out, not knowing whither he went. 9 By faith he sojourned 



XL] HEBREWS. 491 

in the land of promise, as in a strange land, dwelling in ttmts 
with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: 
10 for he looked for a city that has foundations, whose architect 
and builder is God. u By faith also Sarah herself received 
strength for the conception of seed, and brought forth a child 
when past the time of life, because she counted him faithful 
who had promised. la Therefore, there were born of one, who 
was dead as it respects these things, a posterity like the stars 
of heaven in multitude, and like the sand on the sea-shore, 
innumerable. 

13 All these died in faith, not having received the promises, 
hut having seen them afar off, and having embraced them and 
confessed that they were strangers and sojourners in the land. 
14 For those who say such things, declare plainly that they seek 
a country. 15 And if indeed they had been mindful of that from 
which they came, they could have had an opportunity to return. 

16 But now they desire .a better, that is, a heavenly country ; 
wherefore God is not ashamed of them, that he should be called 
their God : for he has prepared for them a city. 

17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: 
even his first-born, did he that had received the promises, offer 
up, 18 of which first-born it was said : In Isaac shall your pos- 
terity be called : 19 for he concluded that God was able to raise 
him up, even from the dead; wherefore he received him even 
in a similitude. 

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to 
come. 21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of 
the sons of Joseph, and worshiped on the top of his staff. 

22 By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the 
departure of the sons of Israel, and gave commandment con- 
cerning his bones. 



492 HEBEEWS. [XL 



faith Moses- was concealed by his parents for three 
months after his birth, because they saw that he was a beau- 
tiful child : and they feared not the command of the king. 
24 By faith Moses, when he became a man, refused to be called 
the son of Pharaoh's daughter, 25 choosing rather to suffer evil 
with the people of God than to enjoy the pleasure of sin for a 
season; 26 esteeming the reproach on account of the Christ as 
greater riches than the treasures of Egypt : for he earnestly 
looked to the reward. 27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the 
anger of the king : for he patiently endured, as seeing him that 
is invisible. 28 By faith he kept the passover, and the affusion 
of blood, that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch 
them. 

29 By faith they passed through the Eed Sea as by dry land, 
which the Egyptians attempting to do, were drowned. 

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after the people 
had gone around them for seven days. 

31 By faith Eabab the harlot perished not with the disobedi- 
ent, because she had received the spies with peace. 

32 And what further shall I say? For the time would fail me, 
were I to tell of Gideon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of 
Jephthah, of David also and Samuel, and of the prophets, 
33 who, through faith, subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, 
obtained promises, closed the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the 
violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness 
were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the 
armies of the aliens. 35 Women received their dead raised to 
life again : but others were beat to death, not accepting deliv- 
erance, that they might obtain a better resurrection; 3fi others 
had trial of mockings and scourgings, bonds also, and imprison- 
ments. 37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were 



xn.] HEBREWS. 493 

tempted, they were slain with the sword: they went about in 
sheep-skins, in goat-skins, being destitute, afflicted, oppressed 
with evils, 38 (of whom the world was not worthy,) wandering in 
deserts, and in mountains, and in caverns, and in dens of the 
earth. 

39 And all these, having obtained a good reputation by faith, 
received not the promise, 40 because God had provided some 
better thing for us, that they, without us, should not be made 
perfect. 

XII. 1 Wherefore, since we also have so great a cloud of wit- 
nesses lying round about us, let us lay aside every weight, and 
the sin that so easily besets us, and let us run with patience 
the race that lies before us, 2 looking to Jesus the author and 
finisher of the faith, who, for the joy that was set before him, 
endured the cross, despising the shame, and has taken his seat 
at the right hand of the throne of God. 3 For consider him 
that endured such opposition of sinners against himself, lest 
you become weary and despondent in your minds. 

4 You have not yet resisted to blood, in your contest with 
sin; s and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed 
to you as to sons : My son, despise not the chastening of the 
Lord, nor faint when you are reproved by him, 6 For, whom 
the Lord loves, he chastens, and scourges every son that he re- 
ceives. 7 If you endure chastening, God deals with you as with 
sons: for what son is there whose father chastens him not? 
8 But if you are without chastisement, of which all are par- 
takers, then are you bastards, and not sons. 

9 So, then, we have had fathers of our flesh who corrected us, 
and we reverenced them; shall we not much rather be in sub- 
jection to the Father of our spirits, and live? 10 For they, 



494 HEBREWS. [xn. 

indeed, for a few days, chastened us as they thought it good; 
but he chastens us for our profit, that we may be partakers of 
his holiness. u But no chastisement seems, at the time, to be 
a matter of joy, but of grief: yet afterward, it yields the 
peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who are exercised 
by it. 

12 Wherefore, lift up the hands that hang down, and 
strengthen the feeble knees, 13 and make straight paths for your 
feet, lest that which is lame be turned aside ; but rather let 
it be restored to health. M Follow peace with all, and holiness, 
without which no man shall see the Lord; 15 taking care, lest 
any one slight the grace of God; lest any root of bitter- 
ness spring up and trouble you, and by this many be defiled; 
16 lest there be any lewd person, or profane man, as Esau, who, 
for a single meal, sold his birthright. 17 For you know that 
afterward, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was re- 
jected : for he found no means to change Ms father's mind, 
though he sought it earnestly with tears. 

18 For you have not come to a mountain that may be touched, 
and that burns with fire, and to blackness and darkness and 
tempest, 19 and to the sound of a trumpet, and to the utterance 
of words, the hearing of which utterance caused the people to 
entreat that the word might not be spoken to them again; 20 for 
they could not endure that which was commanded, And if 
even a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned : 21 and so 
terrible was the sight, that even Moses said, I exceedingly fear 
and tremble. 22 But you have come to Mount Zion, and the city 
of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of 
angels; <23 to the general assembly and church of the first-born, 
who are ennlled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to 
the spirits ol the just made perfect, M and to Jesus the mediator 



3an.] HEBREWS. 495 

of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks 
better things than the blood of Abel. 

25 See that you reject not him that speaks : for if they es- 
caped not who rejected that earthly man who gave the oracles, 
much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that 
is from heaven, 26 whose voice then shook the earth; but now 
he has promised, saying, Yet once more I will shake not the 
earth only, but also the heaven. OT And this prophecy, Yet once 
more, signifies the removing of the things that are shaken, as 
of things that have been made, that the things which can not be 
shaken may remain. 28 "Wherefore, as we receive a kingdom 
that can not be shaken, let us have gratitude, by which we may 
serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear: 29 for nr 
God is a consuming fire. 

XIII. T Let brotherly love continue. 2 Be not forgetful to en- 
tertain strangers : for, by this means, some have unconsciously 
entertained angels. 3 Remember those who are in bonds, as if 
you yourselves had been bound, and those who suffer affliction, 
since you yourselves are in the body. 

* Marriage is honorable among all men, and the bed unde- 
filed ; but lewd men and adulterers G-od will judge. 5 Let there 
be no money-loving disposition ; be content with such things as 
you have. For he has said : I will never leave you, nor will I 
ever forsake you. 6 So, then, we may boldly say : The Lord is 
my helper, and I will not fear what man will do to me. 

7 Remember those who rule over you, who have spoken to 
you the word of Grod : attentively consider the result of their 
conduct, and imitate their faith. 8 Jesus Christ is the same 
yesterday, and to-day, and forever. 9 Be not carried away by 
Carious and strange teachings : for it is good that the heart be 



496 HEBREWS. [xm. 

strengthened with grace, not with meats, which have not profited 
those who were occupied with them. 10 We have a sacrifice, of 
which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat. 

11 For the bodies of those animals whose blood, shed for sin, 
is carried by the high priest into the holiest, are burned with- 
out the camp. 12 Wherefore, Jesus also, that he might sanctify 
the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate. 1!J There- 
fore, let us go forth to him without the camp, bearing his re- 
proach. 14 For here we have no abiding city, but we seek one 
to come. 15 Through him, therefore, let us offer the sacrifice of 
praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving 
thanks to his name. 

16 But forget not- to do good, and to be liberal : for with such 
sacrifices God is well pleased. 17 Obey those who rule over you, 
and be submissive : for they watch for your souls, as those who 
must give an account ; that they may do this with joy, and not 
with grief : for that would be fatal to you. 1B Pray for us : for 
we trust that we have a good conscience, willing to live honor- 
ably in all things. 19 And I the more earnestly entreat you to 
do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner. 

20 Now may the God of peace, who brought again from the 
dead our Lord Jesus Christ, the great Shepherd of the sheep, 
through the blood of the eternal covenant, 21 perfect you in 
every good work, in order that you may do his will, working 
in you that which is acceptable in his sight, through Jesus 
Christ, to whom be glory from age to age. Amen. 

22 1 beseech you, brethren, bear with my word of exhortation: 
for I have written to you in few words. 

23 Know that our brother Timothy is set at liberty, with 
whom, if he come shortly, I will see you. M Salute all your 
rulers, and all the saints. The saints of Italy salute you. 

Grace be with you all. Amen. 



THE LETTER OF JAMES. 



I. l TAMES, a servant of God, and of the Lord Jesus Christ, 
O to the twelve tribes that are in the dispersion, greeting. 

2 My brethren, count it all joy, when you fall into manifold 
trials, 3 knowing that the trial of your faith produces patience. 
* But let patience have its work perfected, that you may be per- 
fect and faultless, wanting in nothing. 

5 Now, if any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who 
gives to all liberally, and upbraids not; and it shall be given 
him. 6 But let him ask in faith, doubting not : for he that 
doubts, is like a wave of the sea, driven by the wind, and tossed. 
7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing 
from the Lord. 8 A double-minded man is unstable in all his 
ways. 

"Let the brother that is in a lowly condition, glory in his 
exaltation : 10 but he that is rich, in his humiliation ; because as 
the flower of the grass he shall pass away. n For the sun rises 
with its burning heat, and withers the grass, and its flower falls, 
and the beauty of its form perishes. So, also, shall the rich 
man fade away in his ways. 

12 Blessed is the man that endures trial : for, being ipproved, 
he shall receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised 
to those who love him. 13 Let no one say, when he is tempted, 
My temptation is from God ; for God can not be tempted' by 
evils, and he himself tempts no man. M But every one is 
32 (497) 



498 JAMES. [i. 

tempted when he is drawn away by his own desire, and is de- 
luded. 15 So, then, desire, when it has conceived, brings forth 
sin; and sin, when it is matured, brings forth death. 

16 Be not deceived, my beloved brethren; "every good gift, 
and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the 
Father of lights, with whom there is no change, nor slightest 
trace of turning. 18 Of his own will, he begot us with the word 
of truth, in order that we might be, as it were, the first-fruits 
of his creatures. 

19 So, then, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to 
hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath. 20 For the wrath of man 
produces not the righteousness of Grod. 21 Wherefore, laying 
aside all filthiness, and every excess caused by malice, receive 
with meekness the ingrafted word, which is able to save your 
souls. 

22 But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving 
yourselves. ^For if any one is a hearer of the word, and not 
.a doer, he is like a man that looks at his natural face in a mir- 
ror : ^for he looks at himself, and goes away, and immediately 
forgets what sort of person he is. 25 But he that looks intently 
into the perfect law of liberty, arid remains constant, being not 
& forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, he shall be blessed 
in his. deed. 

: 26 If any one among you seems to be v religious, and bridles 
.not his tongue, but deceives, his own heart, this man's religion 
is vain. 27 Eeligion, pure and undefiled before God and the 
.Father, is this: r ^o visit the fatherless and widows in their 
affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. 

II. ' l My brethren, do not hold the faith of our glorious Lord 
r Jesus Christ, so as to .show a partiality for persons. 2 For if 



II.] 



JAMBS. 499 



there comes into your assembly a man in splendid apparel, and 
with gold rings on his fingers, and there comes in also a poor 
man, in mean clothing, 3 and you show regard to him that wears 
the splendid apparel, and say to him, Sit here, in an honorable 
place; and you say to the poor man, Do you stand there, or 
sit here, under my footstool; *are you not partial in yourselves? 
and are you not judges having evil thoughts? 5 Hear, my be- 
loved brethren : Has not God chosen the poor of this world, 
rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which God has promised 
to those who love him? 6 But you dishonor the poor man. Do 
not the rich oppress you, and do they .not themselves drag 
you to the judgment-seats? 7 Do they not themselves revile 
that honorable name which is called upon you ? 8 If, however, 
you fulfill the law of highest excellence, according to the scrip- 
ture, You shall love your neighbor as yourself, you do well. 
9 But if you show partiality for persons, you work sin, and are 
convicted by the law as transgressors. 

10 For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet fail in one, 
is an offender against all. n For he that said, Do not comr 
mit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now, though you do not 
commit adultery, yet, if you kill, you are a transgresssor of law. 

12 So speak, and so act, as those who shall be judged by the 
law of liberty. 13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, 
who has shown no mercy. Mercy glories over judgment. 

14 What profit is there, my brethren, if any one say he has 
faith, and have not works? Can faith save him ? 15 If a brother 
or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 16 and any of you 
say to them, Go in peace, be warmed and be filled, and yet give 
them not the things that are needful for the body, what does 
this profit them ? 17 So, also, faith, if it has. not works, is dead, 
being by itself. 18 But some one will say, You have faith, and 



500 JAMES. [in. 

I have works ; show me your faith by your works, and I will 
show you my faith by my works. 19 You believe that there is 
one God ; you do well : the demons also believe, and tremble. 
20 But will you know, vain man, that faith without works is 
dead? 

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he 
offered his son Isaac on the 'altar ? 22 Do you see that faith was 
a co-worker in his works, and by works his faith was made 
perfect? 23 And the scripture was fulfilled, which says, Abra- 
ham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness : 
and he was called the friend of God, Z4 Do you see that a man , 
is justified by works, and not by faith only? 

^Likewise, was not Eahab the harlot justified by works, when 
she had received the messengers, and sent them out another 
way? 26 !For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith 
without works is dead also. 

III. *My brethren, be not many teachers, knowing that we 
shall receive the greater condemnation. 2 For in many things 
we all offend. If any one offends not in word, he is a perfect 
man, able also to bridle the whole body. 3 Behold, we put bits 
into horses' mouths that they may obey us, and we turn about 
their whole body. * Behold also the ships, which are very great, 
and are driven by violent winds ; yet they are turned about by 
a very small helm, to whatever point the will of him that directs 
it may determine. 5 So, also, the tongue is a little member, and 
boasts great things. Behold, how great a forest does a little 
fire set in a blaze. 6 And the tongue is a fire, the world of 
iniquity. So is the tongue placed among our members, defiling 
the whole body, setting on fire the course of life, and being set 
on fire by hell. 



IV .] JAMES. 501 

7 For every kind of beasts and of birds, of creeping things 
and of things in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by 
man: 8 but the tongue no man can tame; it is an unruly evil; 
it is full of deadly poison. 9 With it we bless God, even the 
Father : and with it we curse men, who are made in the like- 
ness of God. 10 0ut of the same mouth come forth blessing 
and cursing. These things, my brethren, ought not so to be. 
11 Does a fountain send forth from the same cavern sweet water 
and bitter ? 12 Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olives, or the 
vine, figs ? So no fountain can produce salt water and. fresh. 

13 Who is wise and discreet among you? Let him show, by a 
good behavior, his works, with the meekness of wisdom. 14 But 
if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, 
and lie not against the truth. 15 This wisdom comes not from 
above, but is earthly, animal, -demoniac. 16 For where envy and 
strife are, there is commotion, and every evil work. 17 But 
the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, 
gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, 
without partiality, and without hypocrisy. 18 And those who 
cultivate peace, sow for themselves a harvest of righteousness 
in peace. 

IV. l Whence come wars and strifes among you? Come they 
not hence, even of your passions, which war in your members? 
2 You desire, and you have not ; you kill, and are earnestly de- 
sirous of having, and yet you can not obtain ; you fight and 
war, and yet you have not, because you ask not. 3 You ask, 
and receive not, because you ask amiss, that you may spend it 
on your passions. 

* Adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friend- 
ship of the world is enmity to God ? Whoever, therefore, will 



502 JAMES. [v. 

be a friend of the world, is an enemy of God. 5 Do you suppose 
that the scripture speaks to no purpose ? Does the Spirit tha,t 
dwells in us incline to envy? No.' "But he gives more grace. 
Wherefore he says : God' sets himself against the proud, but 
gives grace to the lowly. 7 Submit yourselves, therefore, to 
God; resist the devil, and he will flee from you; 8 draw near to 
God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you 
sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded men. 9 Be 
afflicted, and mourn, and weep : let your laughter be turned to 
mourning, and your joy to sorrow. 10 Humble yourselves in the 
sight of the Lord, and he will exalt you. 

11 Do not speak evil one of another, brethren. He that speaks 
evil of his brother, and judges his brother, speaks evil of the 
law, and judges the law: bub if you judge the law, you are not 
a doer of the law, but a judge. 12 There is one law-giver that 
is able to save, and to destroy: who are you that judge an- 
other ? 

13 Gome, now, you that say, Let us go to-day, or to-morrow, 
into this city, and remain there a year, and trade, and make 
gain; 14 and yet you know not what will take place to-morrow. 
For what is your life? Is it not, indeed, a vapor, that ap- 
pears for a little while, and then vanishes away ? 15 Instead of 
that, you ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do 
this, or that. 16 But now you glory in your boastings: all such 
glorying is evil. 17 Therefore, to him that knows how to do 
good, and does it not, to him it is sin. 

V. 1 Gome, now, you rich men, weep and lament for your 
miseries that are coming iipon you. 2 Your wealth is corrupted, 
and your garments are moth-eaten: 3 your gold and your sil- 
ver are covered with rust ; and their rust will be a testimony 



v.] JAMES. 503 

against you, and will eat your flesh as fire. You have heaped 
up treasures in the last days. * Behold, the hire of the laborers 
who have reaped your fields, which has -been unjustly withheld 
by you, cries out: and the cries of those who have reaped, have 
entered into the ears of the Lord of hosts. 5 You have lived in 
pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; you have nourished 
your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. 6 You have condemned 
and killed the Just One: and he does not set himself against 
you. 

7 Be patient, therefore, brethren, till the coming of the Lord. 
Behold, the farmer looks for the precious fruit of the earth, and 
waits patiently for it, till he receives the early and the latter 
rain. 8 Be you also patient, establish your hearts : for the 
coming of the Lord draws near. 

9 Indulge not in complaints against one another, brethren, lest 
you be condemned : behold, the judge stands before the door. 

10 Take, my brethren, the prophets who spoke in the name of 
the Lord, as an example of suffering evil, and of patience. 

11 Behold, we count those happy who endure. You have heard 
of the patience of Job, and have seen the final dealing of the 
Lord, that the Lord is very compassionate and merciful. 

12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, either by 
heaven, or by the earth, or with any other oath : but let your 
yes, be yes, and your no, be no, lest you fall into condemnation. 

13 Is any one among you afflicted ? let him pray. Is any one 
cheerful ? let him sing praise. 14 Is any one among you sick ? 
let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over 
him, anointing him with oil, in the name of the Lord. 1B And 
the prayer of faith shall save the sick ; and the Lord will raise 
him up. And if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven 
him. 



504 JAMES. [v. 

16 Confess your faults one to another, and pray for one another, 
that you may be restored to health: the fervent prayer of a 
righteous man 'avails much. 17 Elijah was a man with passions 
like our own; and he earnestly prayed that it might not rain; 
and it did not rain on the land for three years and six months. 
18 And he prayed again; and the heavens gave rain, and the 
earth brought forth its fruit. 

19 Brethren, if any among you should err from the truth, and 
one should turn him back, 20 let him know that he who turns 
back a sinner from the error of his way, will save a soul from 
death, and cover a multitude of sins. 



FIRST LETTER OF PETER. 



I. l TP^BTEE., an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the sojourners 



P 



that are dispersed through Pontus, Galatia, Cappa- 
docia ; Asia, and Bithynia, Delect according to the foreknowl- 
edge of God the Father, by the sanctification of the Spirit, in 
order to obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ : 
grace be to you, and peace be multiplied. 

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
who, according to his abundant mercy, has, by the resurrection 
of Jesus Christ from the dead, regenerated us for a living hope 
4 in respect to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and 
that fades not away, reserved in heaven for us, 5 who are kept 
secure by the power of God through faith, to a salvation ready 
to be revealed in the last time: B in which you rejoice, though 
now for a little while, since it is needful, you are in sorrow 
under various temptations; "that the trial of your faith, being 
much more precious than gold, which perishes though it be 
tried by fire, may be found to be for praise and honor and 
glory, at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 8 whom, though you 
have not seen him, yet you love; on whom not now looking, 
but believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of 
glory, 9 receiving the end of your faith, the salvation of your 
souls. 

10 Concerning which salvation the prophets that prophesied of 
the grace that should be for you, did inquire, and search dili- 

(50u) 



506 I .PETEE. [L 

gently, n inquiring what things, and what time, the Spirit of 
Christ that was in them did signify, when it testified, before- 
hand, the sufferings of Christ, and the glories that should follow 
them ; 12 to whom it was revealed, that, not for themselves, but 
for us, they ministered the things that are now preached to 
you by those who have made known to you the gospel, through 
the Holy Spirit sent down from heaven; into which things 
angels desire to look. 

"Wherefore, gird up the loins of your mind; be watchful, 
and hope constantly for the grace that is to be brought to you 
at the revelation of Jesus Christ: 14 as obedient children, not 
conforming yourselves to the desires which you formerly had in 
your ignorance; 15 but as he who has called you is holy, so be 
you holy in all your behavior : 1G because it is written, Be you 
holy, for I am holy. 

17 And since you call on the Father, who, without respect of 
persons, judges according to every man's work, pass the time 
of your sojourning in fear : 18 because you know that you were 
not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver or gold, from 
your vain mode of life received by tradition from your fathers, 
19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without 
spot and blemish, 20 who was indeed foreordained before the 
foundation of the world, but manifested in these last times for 
you, 21 who through him do believe in God who. raised him from 
the dead, and gave him glory, that your faith and hope might 
be in God. 

22 Having purified your souls in obeying the truth through 
the Spirit, to unfeigned love of the brethren, love one another 
with a pure heart fervently, 2S having been begotten again, not 
with corruptible seed, but with incorruptible, by the word of 
God, which lives and abides forever. 24 For all flesh is as grass, 



.] I PETEB. 507 

and all the glory of man as the flower of grass; the grass 
withers, and its flower fails away : but the word of the Lord 
abides forever : and this is the word which has been -preached 
as gospel to you. 

II. * Therefore, laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hy- 
pocrisies, and envyings, and all evil, speakings, 2 as new-born 
babes, earnestly desire the pure spiritual 'milk, that you may 
grow by it, 3 if, indeed, you have tasted that the Lord is gra- 
cious. 

4 Coming to him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by man, 
but in the sight of God, chosen and precious, 5 you, also, as living 
stones, are built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, that 
you may offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through 
Jesus Christ. 6 For it is contained in the scripture: Behold, I 
lay in Zion a chief corner-stone, chosen, precious; and he that 
believes on him shall not be ashamed. 7 To you, then, who 
believe, is this preciousness : but the stone which the builders 
rejected, has become the head of the corner, ? and a stone of 
stumbling, and a rock of offense to the disobedient, who stumble 
at the word because they are disobedient, to which stumbling 
they were also appointed. 9 But you are a chosen race, a royal 
priesthood, a holy nation, a purchased people, that you should 
show forth the virtues, of him who has called you out of dark- 
ness into his wonderful light: 10 who formerly were not a peo- 
ple, but now are the people of (rod; who had not received 
mercy, but now have received mercy. 

"Beloved, I beseech you, as strangers and sojourners, that 
you keep yourselves from fleshly desires, which war against the 
soul, 12 maintaining an honorable mode of life among the Gen- 
tiles, that., inasmuch as they speak against you as evil-doers. 



508 I PETER, [in. 

they may, on account of your good works which they witness,, 
glorify God in the day of visitation. 

13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man, for the Lord's 
sake ; whether it be to the king, as supreme ruler, M or to gov- 
ernors, as those sent by him for the punishment of evil-doers, 
and for the praise of those who do well. 15 For such is the will 
of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance 
of foolish men ; 16 as being free, and yet not using your freedom 
as a cloak for malice, but as servants of God. 17 Honor all men ; 
love the brotherhood ; reverence God ; honor the king. 

18 Servants, be subject to your masters with all respect ; not 
only to the good and gentle, but also to the perverse. 19 For 
this is praiseworthy, if any one, on accoimt of conscience to- 
ward God, endure sorrows, suffering unjustly. 20 For what 
praise is due, if, when you are punished for your faults, yon en- 
dure it patiently ? But if, when you do well, and suffer for it, 
you endure it patiently, this is praiseworthy in the sight of 
God. 2l To this, indeed, you have been called; because e : ven 
Christ suffered for us, leaving you an example, that you should 
follow his footsteps. 22 He did no sin, nor was guile found in 
his mouth. 23 When he was .reviled, he did not revile again; 
when he suffered, he did not threaten, but committed himself 
to him that judges righteously. 2 *He himself bore our sins in 
his own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might 
live to righteousness. By his stripes you were healed. 25 For 
you were like sheep that had gone astray; but now you have 
returned to the shepherd and bishop of your souls. 

III. l Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own hus- 
bands; that, if any obey not the word, they may, without the 
word, be won by the conduct of their wives, a by observing your 



IIL ] I PETER. 509 

blameless and reverential conduct. 3 Let not your adorning be 
that which is outward, which consists in plaiting the hair, and 
wearing gold, and putting on apparel : 4 but let it be the hidden 
man of the heart, adorned with the incorruptible ornament of a 
meek and quiet spirit, which, in the sight of God, is of great 
price. 5 For, in former times, the holy women also, who trusted 
in G-od, thus adorned themselves, being in subjection to their 
own husbands, 8 as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: 
and you are her children, if you do good, and fear no dismay. 

7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to 
knowledge, bestowing honor on the wife as the weaker vessel, 
and as being heirs together of the grace of life, in order that 
your prayers may not be hindered. 

8 Finally, be all of the same mind, be sympathizing, lovers of 
the brethren, kind-hearted, humble-minded; 9 not repaying evil 
for evil, nor reviling for reviling, but, on the other hand, bless- 
ing, since you know that for this end you were called, that you 
might inherit blessing. 10 For he that will love life, and see 
good days, let him keep his tongue from evil, and his lips from 
speaking guile : u let him turn from evil and do good : let him 
seek peace, and pursue it. 12 For the eyes of the Lord are upon 
the righteous, and his ears are open to their cry : but the face 
of the Lord is against those who do evil. 

13 And who is he that will harm you, if you be followers of 
that which is good? 14 But yet, if you even suffer for right- 
eousness, happy are you. Yet fear not their terror, nor be 
troubled : 15 but reverence the Lord God in your hearts, and be 
always ready to answer every one that asks of you a reason for 
the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear; 1G having a 
good conscience, that, inasmuch as they speak against you as 
evil-doers, they may be ashamed who traduce your good con- 
duct in Christ. 



510 I PETER. [iv. 

17 For it is better, if such be the will of God, that you suffer 
for doing good, than for doing evil. 18 For Christ also once suf- 
fered for sins, the Just for the unjust, that he might bring us to 
God, having been put to death in flesh, but made alive in spirit; 
19 in which also he went and preached to the spirits in prison, 
20 -who formerly were disobedient, when the long-suffering of 
God waited in the days of Noah, while an ark was preparing, 
in which few, that is, eight souls, were brought in safety through 
the water; 21 the likeness of which, even immersion, (not the 
putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the seeking of a good 
conscience toward God,) does now also save us, through the 
resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22 who has gone into heaven, and 
is at the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers 
having become subject to him. 

IV. l Since, then, Christ has suffered for us in the flesh, do 
you also arm yourselves with the same determination ; for he 
that has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2 so that he no 
longer lives the rest of his time in the flesh, acccording to the 
desires of men, but according to the will of God. 3 For the 
time past of our life should be enough for us to have worked 
the will of the Gentiles, while we walked in licentiousness, 
lusts, drunkenness, revelings, drinkings, and unlawful idolatries. 
4 They are amazed at this that you run not with them into 
the same excess of debauchery, and they revile you. 5 These 
shall give -an account to him that is ready to judge the living 
and the dead. 6 For this cause, indeed, even those who have 
died had the gospel preached to them, that though they might 
be judged according to the will of men in the flesh, yet they 
might live according to the will of God in the spirit. 

7 But the end of all things is at hand; be sober-minded, 
therefore, and watchful, that you may pray. 8 But, above all 



v.] . I PETEB. 511 

things, have fervent love one for another; for love will cover 
a multitude of sins. 9 Be hospitable, one to another, without 
murmuring. . 10 As each has received a gift, minister the same 
one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of 
God. n If any man speaks, let him. speak as the oracles of God : 
if any man ministers, let him do this as from the strength which 
God supplies; that in all things God may be glorified through 
Jesus Christ, to whom be glory and strength from age to age. 
Amen. 

12 Beloved, be not amazed at the fiery trial that has come on 
you to try you, as if some strange thing had happened to you. 
13 But, inasmuch as you are partakers of the sufferings of the 
Christ, rejoice, that, at the revelation of his glory, you may 
also be exceedingly joyful. 14 If you are reproached on account 
of Christ, happy are you : for the glorious Spirit of God rests 
upon you. On their part he is reviled, but on your part he is 
glorified: 15 for no one of you should suffer as a murderer, or 
a thief, or an evil-doer, or as a busybody in other men's mat- 
ters. 16 But if any one suffer as a Christian, let him not be 
ashamed, but let him glorify God on this account. 17 For the 
time has come that judgment must begin at the house of God ; 
and if it begin first at us, what shall be the end of those who 
obey not the gospel of God? 18 And if the righteous man is 
hardly saved, where shall the ungodly man and the sinner ap- 
pear? w Wherefore, let those also who suffer according to the 
will of .God, by doing good, commit their souls to him as to a 
faithful Creator. 

V. T The elders that are among you I exhort, who am a fel- 
low-elder, and a witness of the sufferings of the Christ, and a 
sharer in the glory that is to be revealed. 2 Act as shepherds 



512 I PETEE. [v. 

to the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight, 
not by compulsion, but willingly; not for the sake of sordid 
gain, but from readiness of mind: 3 neither as being lords over 
G-od's possessions, but being examples to the flock. * And when 
the chief shepherd shall appear, you shall receive the crown of 
glory that fades not away. 

6 Likewise, you younger, be in subjection to the older: do you 
all indeed be subject one to another, and be clothed with hu- 
mility : for God resists the proud, but gives grace to the lowly. 
6 Humble yourselves, therefore, under the strong hand of G-od, 
that he may exalt you in due season. 7 Oast all your cares oil 
him, for he cares for you. 

8 Be sober, be watchful : for your adversary, the devil, like a 
roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour. ' 9 Be- 
ing firm in the faith, resist him, knowing that the same afflic- 
tions are accomplished in your brethren who are in the world. 

10 But may the God of all grace, who has called us to his 
eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, 
make you perfect, establish, strengthen, confirm you. u To him 
be glory and dominion from age to age. Amen. 

12 By Sylvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose, I have 
written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true 
grace of God in which you stand. 13 The church in Babylon, 
elected together with you, salutes you, and so does Marcus my 
son. w Salute one another with a kiss of love. Peace be with 
you all that are in Christ Jesus. 



SECOND LETTER OF PETER. 



I. ' C1IMON PETEE, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, 
k^ to those who have obtained faith, equally as precious 
as our own, in the righteousness revealed by our God 
and Savior Jesus Christ: 2 grace be to you, and peace be mul- 
tiplied in the- acknowledgment of God, and Jesus our Lord. 

3 As his divine power has given us all things that pertain to 
life and godliness, through the acknowledgment of him who has 
called us by his glorious power, 4 through which things very 
great and precious favors that were promised have been given 
us, that through these you may become partakers of the divine 
.nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world 
through desire: 5 so, even for this very purpose, uniting to these 
things all diligence, add to your faith, virtue; and to virtue, 
knowledge; 6 and to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, 
patience; and to patience, godliness; 7 and to godliness, broth- 
erly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, love. 8 For if these 
things be in you, and abound, they cause you to be neither idle, 
nor unfruitful as it respects the acknowledgement of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 9 But he who is wanting in these things is blind, 
and closes his eyes, and has forgotten that he was cleansed from 
his old sins. 10 Wherefore, brethren, give the greater diligence 
to make your calling and election sure: for if you do these 
things, you will never fall. u For thus will an entrance ; be 
33 (518) 



514 II PETER. [n. 

given you abundantly into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and 
Savior Jesus Christ. 

12 Wherefore, I will not neglect to remind you always of these 
things, though you know them, and are established in the present 
.truth. 13 Indeed, I think it right, as long as I am in this taber- 
nacle, to arouse you by putting you in remembrance. 14 For I 
know that the putting off of this my tabernacle is near at hand, 
even as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me. 1B But I will earn- 
estly endeavor that you may be able, even after my decease, 
to have these things always in remembrance. 

16 For we did not follow cunningly devised fables, when we 
" made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus 
Christ; but we were eye-witnesses of his majesty. 17 For he 
received from God the Father honor and glory, when there 
came to him from the magnificent glory a voice, such as this : 
This is my beloved Son, in whom. I delight. 18 And this voice, 
which came from heaven, we heard when we were with him in 
the holy mount; 19 and we have the prophetic word better estab- 
lished. You do well to attend to this, as to a lamp that shines 
in a dark place, till the. day dawn, and the morning star arise 
in your hearts ; 20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of the 
scripture came from private interpretation : 21 for the prophecy 
came not at any time by the will of man, but holy men of God 
spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. 

II. * But there were false prophets among the people, as there 
will be false teachers also among you; and these will stealthily 
introduce ruinous sects, and deny the Lord that bought them, 
bringing upon themselves swift destruction : 2 and many will 
follow their dissolute ways, on account of whom the way of 
truth will be reviled; 3 and, with delusive . words, they will; 



IL] II PETEK. . 515 

through covetousness, make gain of you: the condemnation, long 
ago denounced against these, delays not, and their destruction 
does not slumber. - 

4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them 
down to Tartarus, and delivered them over to chains of dark- 
ness, to be kept for judgment; 6 and if he spared not the old 
world, but brought a flood on the world of the ungodly, and 
saved Noah, the eighth person, who was a preacher of righteous- 
ness ; 6 and if, turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into 
ashes, he condemned them with an overthrow, making them an 
example to those who should afterward live in an ungodly man- 
ner, 7 and delivered righteous Lot, wearied out with the licentious 
conduct of the lawless, 8 for that righteous man dwelling among 
them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day 
to day with their unlawful deeds : 9 then, the Lord knows how 
to deliver the' godly out of temptation, and to keep the ungodly 
for the day of judgment, to be punished ; 10 but especially those 
who walk after the flesh in unclean lust, and who despise gov- 
ernment. Presumptuous, willful men ! they are not afraid to 
speak evil of dignitaries: "whereas angels, who excel in might 
and in power, bring no railing accusation against them in 
the presence of the Lord. 12 But these men, like beasts with- 
out reason, which follow the instinct of nature, and are made 
to be taken and destroyed, speaking evil of things that they 
understand not, shall utterly perish in their own corruption, 
13 and receive . the reward of unrighteousness. Counting it a 
pleasure to riot in the day-time, they are spots and stains, riot- 
ing in their delusions, while feasting with you; M having eyes 
that are full of the adulteress, and that can not cease from sin, 
deceiving unstable souls, having a heart exercised in covetous- 
ness, accursed children, 15 who have forsaken the right way. and 



"'il6 II PETEE. [in. 

'gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who 
loved the wages of unrighteousness; 16 but he was rebuked for 
his iniquity, the dumb beast, speaking with man's voice, re- 
strained the madness of the prophet. 17 These men are fountains 
without water, clouds driven by a tempest, for whom the glooiu 
of darkness is reserved forever. 

18 For by speaking boastful words of folly, they allure through 
the lusts of the flesh, and through lasciviousness, those who had 

''really escaped from those who live in error. 19 While they prom- 

"ise them freedom, they themselves are the servants of corrup- 
tion : for by whatever any man is overcome, he is also enslaved. 
2(J 'For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the world, 
through 'the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, 
they are again entangled in these, and overcome by them, the 

' last state of such is worse than the first. 21 For it would be 

"Better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, 

than, after having known it, to turn from the holy command- 

'ment delivered to them. 22 But it has happened to them accord- 

'ing to 'the 'true proverb : The dog has turned again to his own 

vomit; and, The sow that was washed, to her wallowing in the 

'mire. 

til. l This second letter I now write to you, beloved; in both 
of these I arouse your pure mind to remembrance, 2 that you 
may be mindful of the words formerly spoken by the holy 
prophets, 'and of the commandment of us the apostles of the 
Lord 'and 'Savior : 3 knowing this first, that there will come in 
the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, *and say- 
ing: Wh'ere is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers 

' fell asleep, "all things continue as they were from the beginning 

'""of 'th v e creation. 



Hi.] II PETEP. 517. 

6 For they are willingly ignorant of this, that by the word 
of God, the heavens of old had their being, as also the earth 
consisting of water and subsisting by water, 6 by which things 
the world that then was, having been overflowed with water, 
perished. 7 But the heavens and the earth that now are, by the 
same word are kept in store, reserved for fire against the day of 
judgment, and perdition of ungodly men. 

8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one 
clay with the Lord is as a thousand years, and a thousand years 
as one day. 9 The Lord does not delay concerning his promise, 
as some men count delay, but he is long-suffering toward us, 
not wishing that any should perish, but that all should come to 
repentance. 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief, 
in which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and 
the elements shall melt with fervent heat, and the earth, and 
the works that are on it, shall be burned up. 

11 Seeing, then, that all these things shall be dissolved, what 
sort of persons ought you to be in all holy behavior, and god- 
liness, 12 looking for and earnestly desiring the coming of the 
day of God, because of which coming the heavens shall dis- 
solve in fire, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat. 
13 But we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and 
a new earth, in which dwells righteousness. 

14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that you expect such things, 
earnestly strive, by being spotless and blameless, to be found 
by him in peace : 15 and count the long-suffering of our Lord, 
salvation, even as our beloved brother Paul, according to the 
wisdom given him, has written to you; 16 as also in all his let- 
ters, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things 
hard to be understood, which the unlearned and unstable wrest, 
as they do also the other scriptures, to their own destruction. 



518 II PETEE. [in. 

17 Do you, therefore, beloved, since you know these things be- 
forehand, beware, lest, being led away with the error of the 
wicked, you fall from your own steadfastness. 18 But grow in 
grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ. To him be glory both now and to the day of eternity. 
Amen. 



FIRST LETTER OF JOHN. 



I. ^ff^HAT which was from the beginning, which we have 
JL heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we 
have looked upon, and our hands have handled concerning the 
Word of life ; ( 2 the life also was manifested, and we have seen, 
and do testify, and declare to you that eternal life, which was 
with the Father, and was manifested to us;) 3 that which we 
have seen and heard, we declare it to you, that you also may 
have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the 
Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. *And these things we 
write to you, that your joy may be full. 

5 And this is the message that we heard from him, and do 
declare to you : that God is light, and in him is no darkness at 
all. 6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in 
darkness, we lie, and do not the truth. 7 But if we walk in 
the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with 
another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanses us 
from all sin. 

8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the 
truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and 
just, so that he will forgive us our sins, and cleanse us from 
all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we 
make him a liar, and his word is not in us. 

II. T My little children, I write these things to you, that you 

(519) 



520 I JOHN. [n. 

may not sin : and yet, if any one sin, we have an advocate with 
the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. 2 And he is the expia- 
tion for our sins : not for ours only, but for the sins of the 
whole world. 

3 And by this we know that we do know him, if we keep hia 
commandments. * He that says, I know him, and keeps not his 
commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 5 But 
whoever keeps his word, in him truly is the- love of God per- 
fected: by this we know that we are in him. 6 He that says, 
he abides in him, ought himself also so to walk, even as he 
walked. 

7 Beloved, I write no new commandment to you, but an old 
commandment, which you have had from the beginning : the 
old commandment is the word, which you have heard from the 
beginning. 8 Again, a new commandment I do write to you, 
which is true as it respects him and you ; because the darkness 
is past, and the true light now shines. 

9 He that says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in 
darkness till now. 10 He that loves his brother abides in the 
light, and there is in him no cause for offense. u He that hates 
his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness; and he 
knows not whither he goes, because darkness has blinded his 
eyes. 

12 1 write to you, little children, because your sins are for- 
given for his name's sake. 13 1 write to you, fathers, because 
you have known him that is from the beginning. I write to 
you, young men, because you have overcome the wicked one. 
I write to you, my little children, because you have known the 
Father. 14 I have written to you, fathers, because you have 
known him that is from the beginning. I have written to you, 
young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides 



IL ] I JOHN. 521 

in you, and you have overcome the wicked one. 15 Love not 
the world, nor the things that are in the world. If any man 
loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16 For 
all that is in the world, the desire of the flesh, and the desire 
of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is 
of the world. "And the world and its desire passes away: 
but he that does the will of God, abides forever. 

18 Little children, it is the last time ; and, as you have heard 
that the antichrist is coming, even now there are many anti- 
christs ; by which we know that it is the last time. 19 They went 
out from us, but they were not of us : for, if they had been of 
us, they would have remained with us ; but they went out, that 
they might be made manifest that they were all not of us. 
20 And you have an anointing from the Holy One, and know all 
things. 21 1 have not written to you because you do not know 
the truth, but because you know it, and because no lie is of the 
truth. ^Who is a liar, but he that denies that Jesus is the 
Christ? He is antichrist, who denies the Father and the Son. 
23 Whoever denies the Son, has not the Father: he that con- 
fesses the Son, has the Father also. 

24 Let that, therefore, abide in you which you have heard 
from the beginning. If that abide in you which you have 
heard from the beginning, you also shall abide in the Son and 
in the Father. ^And this is the promise which he has promised 
us, even eternal life. 26 I have written these things to you con- 
cerning those who deceive you. 27 And the anointing which you 
have received from him abides in you; and you have no need 
that any one should teach you: but, as the same anointing 
teaches you concerning all things, and is true and is no lie, 
even aa it has taught you, abide in it. 

28 And now, little children, abide in him, that when he appears,. 



522 1 JOHN. [in. 

we may have confidence, and may not be made ashamed by him 
at his coming. 29 If you know that he is righteous, you know 
that every one that works righteousness has been begotten by 
him. 

III. l Behold, how great love the Father has bestowed on us, 
that we should be called the children of (rod ! For this reason, 
the world knows us not, because it knew him not. 2 Beloved, 
now are we the children of God, and it does not yet appear 
what we shall be : but we know that, when he shall appear, we 
shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 3 And every 
one that has this hope in Him purifies himself, even as He is 
pure. 4 Every one that works sin, works also transgression of 
law : and sin is transgression of law. 6 And you know that he 
was manifested, that he might take away our sins ; and in him 
there is no sin. 6 Whoever abides in him, sins not. Whoever 
sins, has neither seen him nor known him. 
7 Little children, let no one deceive you: he that works right- 
eousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 8 He that works 
sin is of the devil, for the devil sins from the beginning: for 
this purpose was the son of God manifested, that he might de- 
stroy the works of the devil. 9 Whoever has been begotten of 
Grod does not work sin ; because his seed remains in him : and 
he can not sin, because he has been begotten of God. 10 By this 
the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil. 
Whoever does not work righteousness is not of God ; neither is 
he that loves not his brother. n For this is the message that 
you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one 
another. 12 Not as Cain, who was of the wicked one, and slew 
. his brother : and for what reason did he slay him ? because his 
own works were evil, and his brother's, righteous. 13 Wonder 



iv.] I JOH.N. 523 

not, my brethren, if the world hates you. H We know that we 
have passed from, death to life, because we love the brethren: 
he that loves not his brother, abides in death. 15 Whoever hates 
his brother, is a murderer : and you know that no murderer has 
eternal life abiding in him. 

16 By this we know the love of Christ, because he laid down 
his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the 
brethren. 17 Whoever has this world's goods, and sees his 
brother have need, and shuts his heart against him, how dwells 
the love of God in him ? 18 My little children, let us not love 
in word, nor in tongue, but in deed, and in truth. 19 And by 
this we know that we are of the truth; and we shall have our 
hearts at rest before him: 20 for if our heart condemn us, we 
know that God is greater than our heart, and knows all things. 
21 Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, we have confidence to- 
ward God, 22 and whatever we ask, we receive from him, because 
we keep his commandments, and do the things that are pleasing 
in his sight. <23 And this is. his commandment: That we should 
believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one an- 
other, as he gave us commandment. M And he that keeps his 
commandments abides in him, and he in him. And by this we 
know that he abides in us, by the Spirit which he has given us. 

IV. l Beloved, believe not every spirit ; but prove the spirits, 
whether they are from God : for many false prophets have gone 
out into the world. 2 By this you know the Spirit of God: 
every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ came in the flesh, 
is from God: 3 and whatever spirit confesses not that Jesus 
Christ came in the flesh, is not from God : and this is the spirit 
of antichrist, of which you have heard that it comes, and is 
now already in the world. *You are of God, little children, 



524 I JOHN. [iy.. 

and have overcome them ; because tie that is in you, is greater 
than he that is in the world. 5 They are of the world : there- 
fore, they speak of the world, and the world hears them. 6 We 
are of God : he that knows God, hears us : he that is not of G-od, 
does not hear us : by this we know the spirit of truth, and the 
spirit of error. 

7 Beloved, let us love one another ; for love is of God : and 
every one that loves, has been begotten of God, and knows God. 
8 He that loves not, does not know God ; for God is love. 9 In 
this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God sent his 
only-begotten Son into the world, that we might live through 
him. 10 In this is love ; not that we loved God, but that he 
loved us, and sent his Son to be the expiation for our sins. 

11 Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. 

12 No one has seen God at any time. If we love one another, 
God dwells in us, and his love is perfected in us. ls By this we 
know that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he has given 
us of his Spirit. 

14 And we have seen, and we do testify, that the Father sent 
the Son to be the Savior of the world. 15 Whoever confesses 
that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwells in him, and he in God. 
16 And we have known and believed the love which God has for 
us. God is love; and he that dwells in love, dwells in God, and 
God in him. 17 By this is our love made perfect, that we may 
have boldness in the day of judgment; because, as he is, so are 
we in this world. 18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love 
casts out fear, because fear has torment: he that fears is not 
made perfect in love. 19 We love him, because he first loved us. 

20 If any man say, I love God, and yet hate his brother, he 
is a liar : for he that loves not his brother, whom he has seen, 
how can he love God, whom he has not seen ? 21 And this com- 



v.] I JOHN. 525 

mandment we have from' him : That he that loves God, must 
love his brother also. 



V. l Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ, has been be- 
gotten of God : and every one that loves him that begot, loves 
him also that is begotten of him. 2 By this we know that we 
love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his com- 
mandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep' his 
commandments; and his commandments are not burdensome. 
4 For whatever is begotten of God, overcomes the world; and 
this is the victorious principle that overcomes the world, eVen 
our faith, 5 Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that 
believes that Jesus is the Son of God ? 

6 This is he that came by water and by blood, Jesus the 
Christ ; not by water only, but by water and by blood : and it 
is the Spirit that testifies, because the Spirit is truth. 7 For 
there are three that testify, the Spirit, and the water, and the 
blood ; 8 and the three agree in one. 9 If we receive the testi- 
mony of men, the testimony of God is greater: for this is the 
testimony of God, which he has borne concerning his Son. 
10 He that believes on the Son of God has the testimony in him- 
self : he that believes not God, has made him a liar, because he 
has not believed the testimony which God has borne concern- 
ing his Son. u And this is the testimony, that God has given 
us eternal life: and this life is in his Son. 12 He that has the 
Son, has life : he tha,t has not the Son of God, has not life. 

13 1 have written these things to you that believe on the name 
of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal 
life, and that you may believe on the name of the Son of God. 
14 And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we 
ask any thing according to his will, he hears us. 15 And if we 



526 I JOHN. [v. 

Know that lie hears us, whatever we ask, we know that we have 
the petitions which we have asked of him. 16 If any one see 
his brother sinning a sin not to death, he shall ask, and he will 
give him life for those who sin not to death. There is a sin to 
death: I do not say concerning this, that he should ask. 17 A11 
unrighteousness is sin; and there is a sin not to death. 18 We 
know that whoever has been begotten of God, does not sin : 
but he that is begotten of God, keeps himself, and the wicked 
one touches him not. 19 We know that we are of God, and the 
whole world lies under the wicked one. 20 And we know that 
the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding, that 
we may know him that is true : and we are in him that is true, 
in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and life eternal, 
Little children, keep yourselves from idols. 



SECOND LETTER OF JOHN. 



elder to the elect lady, and to her children, whom 
I I love in the truth : and not I only, but also all who 
know the truth ; 2 we all love you, on account of the truth that 
dwells in us, and which will be with us forever : 3 grace be 
with you, mercy and peace from (rod the Father, and from 
the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and 
love. * I rejoiced greatly because I found some of your children 
walking in the truth, as we received commandment from the 
Father. 5 And now I beseech you, lady, not as though I wrote 
a new commandment to you, but that which we had from the 
beginning, that we love one another. 6 And this is love, that 
we walk according to his commandments. This is the com- 
mandment, as you have heard from the beginning, that you 
should walk in it. 

7 For many deceivers have entered into the world, who con- 
fess not that Jesus Christ came in the flesh : this is the deceiver 
and the antichrist. 8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not the 
things that we have gained, but that we receive a full reward. 
9 Whoever transgresses, and abides not in the teaching of the 
Christ, has not God: he that abides in the teaching of the 
Christ, has both the Father and the Son. 10 lf any one comes 
to you, and brings not this teaching, receive him not into your 
house, and do not wish him well: n for he that wishes him well, 
is partaker of his evil deeds. 

(527) 



528 II JOHN. 

12 Though I have many things to write to you, I determined 
not to communicate them by means of paper and ink: for I 
hope to come to you, and to speak mouth to mouth, that our 
joy may be full. 13 The children of your elect sister greet 
you. 



THIRD LETTER OF JOHN. 



1 ri^HE elder to the beloved Gains, whom I love in the truth. 

JL 2 Beloved, I pray above all things that you may prosper 
and be in health, even as your soul prospers. 3 For I rejoiced 
greatly when the brethren came and testified to the truth that 
is in you, even as you walk in the truth. 4 I have no greater 
joy than to hear that my children walk in the truth. 

B Beloved, you do faithfully whatever you do to the brethren, 
and to strangers, 6 who have testified to your love before the 
church : if you conduct these on their journey, in a manner 
worthy of God, you will do well : 7 for, on account of his name, 
they went out, taking nothing from the Gentiles. s We, there- 
fore, ought to receive such, that we may be fellow-helpers to 
the truth. 

9 1 wrote to the church; but Diotrephes, who loves to have 
the pre-eminence among them, receives us not. 10 Therefore, if 

I come, I will remember his works which he does, prating 
against us with malicious words : and not content with these 
things, he does not himself receive the brethren, but both for- 
bids those who are willing, and casts them out of the church. 

II Beloved, do not imitate that which is evil, but that which is 
good. He that does good is of God : he that does evil has not 
seen God. 12 A good report is given of Demetrius by all, and 
by the truth itself: and we also give our testimony, and you 
know that our testimony is true. 

34 (529) 



530 III JOHN. 

13 1 had. many things to write, but I will not communicate 
them to you with ink and pen. 14 But I trust that I shall 
shortly see you, and we will speak mouth to mouth. 15 Peace 
be to you. Our friends here salute you. Salute our frienda 
with you by name. 



LETTER OF JUDE. 



J 



TIDE, a servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to 
those who are sanctified in God the Father, and preserved 
in Jesus Christ, and called : 2 mercy be to you, and peace and 
love be multiplied. 

3 Beloved, using all diligence to write to you of the common 
salvation, I thought it necessary to write to you, and exhort 
you to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the 
saints. 4 For some men have stealthily entered in, who were 
long ago appointed to this condemnation; ungodly men, who 
pervert the grace of our God, and use it for lascivious purposes, 
and deny our only Sovereign and Lord, Jesus Christ. 

6 But I wish to remind you, though you once knew this, that 
the Lord, having saved the people from the land of Egypt, 
then destroyed those who believed not. 6 The angels also that 
kept not their own dominion, but left their proper habitation, 
he has reserved, in eternal chains under darkness, to the judg- 
ment of the great day. 7 So Sodom and Gomorrah, and the 
cities which were about them, in like manner giving themselTes 
over to lewdness, and following after other flesh, are set forth as 
an example, suffering the punishment of eternal fire. 8 Yet, these 
dreamers also in like manner defile the flesh, despise govern- 
ment, and speak evil of dignitaries. 9 But Michael the archangel, 
when, contending with the devil, he disputed about the body of 
Moses, durst not bring a railing accusation, but said : The Lord 
rebuke you. 10 But these speak evil of the things which they 
know not : and those things which they know naturally, as ani- 
mals without reason, in these they corrupt themselves. "Alas 

(631) 



532 JUDE. 

for them! for they have gone in the way of Gain: and, in the 
error of Balaam, they have rushed headlong after reward, and 
have perished in the rebellion of Korah. 

12 These, while feasting with yon, are spots in your lovefeasts, 
feeding themselves without fear; they are clouds without water, 
driven along by winds; trees of autumn, without fruit, twice 
dead, torn up by the roots : 1S raging waves of the sea, foaming 
up their own shame: wandering stars, for whom the blackness 
of darkness is reserved forever. 14 And Enoch, the seventh 
from Adam, also prophesied with reference to these men, say- 
ing: Behold, the Lord comes with his holy myriads, 15 to exe- 
cute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all 
their ungodly works, which they have impiously committed, 
and of all the hard words which ungodly sinners have spoken 
against him. 1G These are murmurers, fault-finders, walking ac- 
cording to their own desires; and their mouth speaks boastful 
words, while they admire persons for the sake of gain. 

17 But do you, beloved, remember the words that were form- 
erly spoken by the apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ; 18 that 
they said to you, There should come, in the last days, scoffers 
walking according to their own ungodly desires. 19 These are 
they who separate themselves, animal, not having the Spirit. 

20 But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy 
faith, praying in the holy Spirit, zl keep yourselves in the love 
of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jet>us Christ, in 
order to eternal life. 22 And on some, have compassion, making 
a distinction: K and others, save by fear, snatching them from 
the fire, hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. 

24 Now to him that is able to keep you free from stumbling, and 
to present you blameless in the presence of his glory with exceed- 
ing joy, to the only God our Savior, be glory and majesty, strength 
and authority, both now and throughout all the ages. Amen. 



THE REVELATION. 



I. * fl^HE Eevelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to Mm, 
JL that lie might show to his servants the things that 
vnust shortly come to pass; and he sent it by his angel, and 
made it known to his servant John, 2 who bore testimony to the 
word of Gfod, and recorded the testimony of Jesus Christ, what- 
ever things he saw. 3 Blessed is he that reads, and those who 
hear the words of this prophecy, and keep the things that are 
written in it; for the time is at hand. 

4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia, grace be to 
you and peace from him who is, and who was, and who is to 
come; and from the seven spirits which are before his throne; 
5 and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the first- 
born from the dead, and the Prince of the kings of the earth. 
To him that loves "us, and that has washed us from our sins 
in his own blood, 6 and has made us a kingdom, priests to his 
God and Father; to him be glory and might from age to. age. 
Amen. 

7 Behold, he comes with clouds, and every eye shall see him, 
and those also who pierced him : and all the tribes of the land 
shall lament because of him. Even so. Amen. 8 I am the 
Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is, and who was, 
and who is to come, the Almighty. 

9 1 John,, your brother and companion in the affliction, and 
in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the island 
(633) 



534 REVELATION. [n. 

called Patmos, on account of the word of God, and on account 
of the testimony of Jesus Christ. 10 I was in spirit on the 
Lord's day, and I heard behind me a great voice like that of a 
trumpet, n saying : What you see, write in a book, and send to 
the seven churches ; to Ephesus, and to Smyrna, and to Perga- 
mos, and to Thyatira, and to Sardis, and to Philadelphia, and to 
Laodicea. 

12 And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me : and 
having turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks, 13 and in the 
midst of the seven candlesticks, one like the Son of man, clothed 
in a robe reaching to his feet, and girded about the breast with 
a golden girdle. 14 His head and his hair were white as white 
wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 
15 and his feet were like fine brass, as if they burned in a fur- 
nace : and his voice was like 'the voice of many waters. 16 And 
he had in his right hand seven stars; and out of his mouth 
went a sharp, two-edged sword : and his face was as the sun 
when it shines in its strength. 

17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead; and he laid 
his right hand upon me, saying : Fear not, I am the First and 
the Last, 18 and I am he that lives ; and I was dead, and be- 
hold, I am alive from age to age : and I have the keys of hades 
and of death. 19 Write, therefore, the things which you have 
seen, and the things which are, and those which shall be here- 
after ; 20 the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my 
right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars 
are the angels of the seven churches; and the seven candle- 
sticks are the seven churches. 

II. 1 To the angel of the church in Ephesus, write: These 
things says he that holds the seven stars in his right hand, that 



ii.] KEVELATION. 535 

walks in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks; 2 I know 
your works, and your labor, and your patience; and that you can 
not bear with those who are evil, and that you have tried those- 
who say they are apostles, and are not, and have found them 
liars;. 3 and that you have patience, and have endured for my 
name's sake, and have not fainted. *But I have this against 
you, that you have left your first love. 5 Remember, therefore, 
whence you have fallen, and repent, and do your first works; 
if not, I will come to you quickly, and I will remove your can- 
dlestick from its place, unless you repent. 6 But you have this, 
that you hate the works of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate. 
7 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to 
the churches : To him that overcomes, I will give to eat of the 
tree of life, which is in the paradise of God. 
. 8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna, write : These 
things says the First and the Last, who was dead, and is alive : 
9 1 know your works, and your affliction, and your poverty, 
(but you are rich,) and the impious words of those who say 
they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. 
10 Fear none of the things which you are about to suffer ; behold, 
the devil will throw some of you into prison, that you may be 
tried: and you shall have affliction ten days. Be faithful till 
death, and I will give you the crown of life. 

11 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to 
the churches. He that overcomes shall not be hurt by the 
second death. 

12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos, write : These 
things says he that has the sharp, two-edged sword; 13 I know 
your works, and where you dwell, even where the throne of 
Satan is : and yet you hold fast my name, and have not denied 

faith, even in those days in which Antipas was my faithful 



536 EEVELATION. [n. 

witness, who was slain among you, where Satan dwells. u Yet 
I have a few things against you, that you have there those who 
hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stum- 
bling-block before the sons of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to 
idols, and to practice lewdness. 15 So, also, you have those who 
hold the teaching of the Nicolaitanes. 16 Repent, therefore; if 
not, I will come to you quickly, and I will fight against them 
with the sword of my mouth. 

17 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to 
the churches. To him that overcomes, I will give of the hidden 
manna; and I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a 
new name written, which no one knows but he that receives it. 

18 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira, write : These 
things, says the Son of God, who has his eyes like a flame of 
fire, and his feet like fine brass; 19 I know your works, and, 
your love, and your faith, and your service, and your patience, 
and your works, the last greater than the first. 20 But I have 
against you that you suffer that woman Jezebel, who calls her- 
self a prophetess, and teaches and deceives my servants to 
practice lewdness, and to eat things sacrificed to idols. 21 And 
I have given her time to repent; and she will not repent of 
her lewdness. 22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and those 
who commit adultery with her into great affliction, unless they 
repent of their deeds. 23 And I will kill her children with 
death; and all the churches shall know that I am he that 
searches the reins and the hearts : and I will give to every one 
of you according to your works. ^ But I say to you, the rest 
who are in Thyatira, as many as have not this teaching, and 
who have not known the depths of Satan, (as they call them,) 
I will lay on you no other burden : ^but what you have, hold 
fast till I come. 



IIL] REVELATION. 537 

26 And to him that overcomes, and keeps my works to the end, 
will I give authority over the nations ; 27 and he shall rule them 
with a rod of iron;, as the vessels of a potter shall they be 
broken in pieces, as I have received from my Father : 28 and I 
will give him the morning star. 29 He that has an ear, let him 
hear what the Spirit says to the churches. 

III. l And to the angel of the church in Sardis, write : These 
things says he that has the seven spirits of God, and the seven 
stars ; I know your works, that you have a name, that you live, 
and are dead. 2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things that 
remain, which are about to die ; for I have not found your works 
perfect before God. 3 Remember, therefore, how you have re- 
ceived and heard, and be watchful and repent. If, therefore, 
you do not watch, I will come upon you as a thief, and you 
shall not know at what hour I will come upon you. * Yet you 
have a few names in Sardis that have not defiled their gar- 
ments; and they shall walk with me in white, for they are 
worthy. 

5 He that overcomes, shall be clothed in white raiment; and 
I will not blot his name out of the book of life: and I will con- 
fess his name before my Father, and before his angels. 6 He 
that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the 
churches. 

7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia, write : These 
things says he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key 
of David, he that opens and no man shuts, and shuts and no 
man opens ; 8 1 know your works : behold, I have set before you 
an open door that no one is able to shut, because you have a 
little strength, and have kept my word, and have not denied 
my name. 9 Behold, I will make those who are of the syna- 



538 REVELATION. [in. 

gogue of Satan, who say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; 
behold, I will make them come and worship before your feet, 
and know that I have loved you. 10 Because you have kept the 
word of my patience, I also will keep you from the hour of 
trial that is about to come on the whole world, to try those 
who dwell on the earth. n I come quickly : hold fast that 
which you have, that no one take your crown. 

12 Him that overcomes, I will make a pillar in the temple of 
my God, and he shall go out no more; -and I will write upon 
him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, 
the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my 
God, and I will write upon him my new name. 13 He that has 
an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. 

14 And to the angel of the church in Laodicea, write : These 
things says the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the begin- 
ning of the creation of God; 15 I know your works, that you 
are neither cold, nor hot: I wish that you were cold, or hot. 
16 So, then, because you are luke-warm, and neither cold, nor 
hot, I will vomit you out of my mouth. 17 Because you say 
I am rich, and abound in wealth, and have need of nothing, 
and know not that you are miserable and pitiable and poor and 
blind and naked, 18 1 counsel you to buy of me gold that has 
been tried in the fire, that you may be rich ; and white raiment, 
that you may be clothed, and that the shame of your naked- 
ness may not appear ; and anoint your eyes with eye-salve, that 
you may see. w As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten ; be 
zealous, therefore, and repent. 20 Behold, I stand at the door 
and knock ; if any one hear my voice, and open the door, I will 
come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. 

21 To him that overcomes, I will give to sit with me in my 
throne, even as I also have overcome, and have taken my seat 



rv.] BEVELATION. 539 

with my father in Ms throne. 22 He that has an ear, let him 
hear what the Spirit says to the churches. 

IV. l After these things I saw, and behold, a door was 
opened in heaven ; and the first voice which I heard, like the 
voice of a trumpet speaking with me, said : Gome up hither, 
and I will show you things that must be hereafter. 

2 And immediately I was in spirit ; and behold, a throne was 
set in heaven, and one sat on the throne ; 3 and he that sat was, 
in appearance, like a jasper and sardine-stone: and there was 
round about the throne a rainbow, in appearance like an emer- 
ald. *And round about the throne were twenty-four thrones ; 
and on the thrones there sat twenty-four elders, clothed in 
white raiment ; and on their heads were crowns of gold. 5 And 
out of the throne there went lightnings and thunderings and 
voices ; and seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne : 
these are the seven spirits of God. 6 And before the throne 
there was a sea of glass, like crystal. And in the midst of the 
throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures 
full of eyes before and behind. 7 And the first living creature 
was like a lion, and the second living creature was like a calf, 
and the third living creature had the face of a man, and the 
fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. 

8 And the four living creatures had each of them six wings 
about him ; and they are full of eyes within ; and they have no 
rest day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord G-od, the 
Almighty, who was, and is, and is to come. 9 And when the liv- 
ing creatures give glory, and honor and thanks to him that sits 
on the throne, who lives from age to age, 10 the twenty-four 
elders fall down before him that sits on the throne, and worship 
him that lives from age to age, and throw their crowns before 



540 REVELATION. [v. 

the throne, saying : Thou art worthy, Lord, to receive glory 
and honor and power : for thou hast created all things, and by 
thy will they exist, and were created. 

V. T And I saw in the right hand of him that sits on the 
throne, a hook written within and without, sealed with seven 
seals. 2 And I saw a strong angel crying with a great voice : 
Who is worthy to open the hook, and to break its seals ? 3 And 
no one in heaven, or on earth, or under the earth, was able to 
open the book, or to look upon it. 4 And I wept much, because 
no one was found worthy to open the book, or to look upon it. 
5 And one of the elders said to me : Weep not : behold, the Lion 
of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has the power to open 
the book and its seven seals. 

6 And I saw, in the midst of the throne, and of the four living 
creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing, like 
one that had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, 
which are the seven spirits of God that are sent into all the 
earth. 7 And he came, and took the book out of the right hand 
of him that sits on the throne. 8 And when he had taken the 
book, the four living creatures, and the twenty-four elders fell 
down before the Lamb, having, each of them, harps, and golden 
cups full of incense, which is the prayers of the saints. 9 And 
they sung a new song, saying : 

Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open its seals : for 
thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood, out 
of every tribe and tongue and people and nation : 10 and hast 
made us to our God kings and priests, and we shall reign on 
the earth. 

11 And I saw, and I heard the voice of many angels round 
about the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and 



vi.] REVELATION. 541 

the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of 
thousands. 12 And they said, with a loud voice : Worthy is the 
Lamb that was slain, to receive power and riches and wisdom 
and strength and honor and glory and blessing. 13 And every 
creature that is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the 
earth, and such as are on the sea, even all that are in them, I 
heard saying : To him that sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, 
be blessing and honor and glory and strength from age to age. 
14 And the four living creatures said, Amen ; and the elders fell 
down, and worshiped. 

VI. 1 And I saw when the Lamb opened the first of the seven 
seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying, with 
a voice like thunder, Come and see. 2 And I saw, and behold, 
a white horse, and he that sat on him had a bow ; and a crown 
was given to him ; and he went forth conquering, and to con- 
quer. 

3 And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the 
second living creature say, Come and see. 4 And there went 
forth another horse, which was red; and to him that sat on 
him was given to take peace from the earth, and that they 
should kill one another; and there was given to him a great 
sword. 

5 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third 
living creature say, Come and see. And I saw, and behold, a 
black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of scales in his 
hand. 6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four living 
creatures, saying : A chcenix of wheat for a denarius, and three 
chosnices of barley for a denarius; and as to the oil and the 
wine, see that you do no injustice. 

7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice 



542 BEVEL ATION. - [vi. 

of the fourth living creature say, Come and see. 8 And I saw, 
and behold, a pale horse ; and the name of him that sat upon 
him was Death : and Hades followed with him. And authority 
was given to him over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with 
the sword, and with famine, and with death, and with the 
beasts of the earth. 

9 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the 
altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of 
God, and for the testimony which they had borne : 10 and they 
cried with a loud voice, saying : How long, Sovereign, holy 
and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them 
that dwell on the earth ? u And a white robe was given to 
. each of them : and it was said to them, that they should yet 
rest for a time, till the number of their fellow-servants, and of 
their brethren, who should be killed as they had been, should 
be completed. 

12 And I saw when he had opened the sixth seal; and there 
was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth 
of hair, and the moon became like blood: 13 and the stars of 
heaven fell to the earth, as a fig-tree casts its unripe figs when 
shaken by a violent wind : 14 and the heaven departed as a 
volume when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was 
moved out of its place: 15 and the kings of the earth, and the 
great men, and the officers, and the rich men, and the mighty 
men, and every bondman, and every freeman, hid themselves in 
the caves, and in the rocks of the mountains, 16 and said to the 
mountains and to the rocks, Pall on us, and hide us from the 
face of him that sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the 
Lamb : 17 for the great day of his wrath has come, and who is 
able to stand? 



vir.] REVELATION. . 543 

VII. 1 And after this I saw four angels standing on the four 
corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that 
the wind might not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on 
any tree. 2 And I saw another angel ascending from the east, 
having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud 
voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth 
and the sea, 3 saying : Hurt not the earth, nor the sea, nor the 
trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God on their 
foreheads. 

4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed: a hund- 
red and forty-four thousand were sealed out of all the tribes 
of the sons of Israel. 5 Of the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand 
were sealed: of the tribe of Eeuben, twelve thousand were 
sealed: of the tribe of Gad, twelve thousand were sealed: 6 of 
the tribe of Asher, twelve thousand were sealed : of the tribe 
of Naphtali, twelve thousand were sealed : of the tribe of 
Manasseh, twelve thousand were sealed : 7 of the tribe of Sim- 
eon, twelve thousand were sealed : of the tribe of Levi, twelve 
thousand were sealed : of the tribe of Issachar, twelve thousand 
were sealed: 8 of the tribe of Zabulon, twelve thousand were 
sealed : of the tribe of Joseph, twelve thousand were sealed : of 
the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed. 

9 After this I saw, and behold, a great multitude, that no one 
could number, out of all nations and tribes and peoples and 
tongues, standing before the throne, and before the Lamb, 
clothed with white robes, and there were palms in their hands ; 
10 and they cried with a loud voice, saying: Salvation to our 
Grod, who sits on the throne, -and to the Lamb. u And all the 
angels stood round about the throne and the elders and the 
four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before the 
throne, and worshiped God, 12 saying, Amen : blessing and glory 



544 .BEVEL AT I ON. [viu. 

and wisdom and thanks and honor and power and strength be 
to our God from age to age. Amen. 

13 And one of the elders answered, and said to me: Who are 
these that are clothed in white robes, and whence came they? 
14 And I said to him : Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me : 
These are they who have come out of great affliction, and have 
washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the 
Lamb. 16 Therefore, they are before the throne of God, and 
serve him day and night in his temple ; and he that sits on the 
throne shall dwell among them. 16 They shall hunger no more, 
nor shall they thirst any more, nor shall the sun fall upon 
them, nor any heat. 17 Por the Lamb that is in the midst of 
the throne will be their shepherd, and will lead them to living 
fountains of water: and God will wipe away every tear from 
their eyes. 

VIII. 1 And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was 
silence in heaven for about half an hour. 

2 And I saw the seven angels that stood before God, and 
seven trumpets were given to them. 3 And another angel came, 
and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and much in- 
cense was given to him, that he might offer it with the prayers 
of all the saints upon the golden altar that is -before the throne. 
4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, 
ascended before God out of the hand of the angel. 5 And the 
angel took the censer, and filled it with fire from the altar, and 
threw it into the earth ; and there were voices and thunderings 
and lightnings and an earthquake. 6 And the seven angels that 
had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound. 

7 And the first angel sounded; and there were hail and fire 
mingled with blood, and they were thrown into the earth : and 



ix.] REVELATION. 545 

the third part of the earth was burned up, and the third part 
of the trees was burned up, and all the green grass was 
burned up. 

8 And the second angel sounded; and, as it were, a great 
mountain, burning with fire, was thrown into the sea : and the 
third part of the sea became blood. 9 And the third part of 
the creatures that were in the sea, that had life, died : and the 
third part of the ships was destroyed. 

10 And the third angel sounded ; and there fell from heaven a 
great star, that burned as a lamp; and it fell upon the third 
part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters. n And 
the name of the star is called Wormwood; and the third part 
of the waters became wormwood: and many men died of the 
waters, because they were made bitter. 

12 And the fourth angel sounded; and the third part of the 
sun, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the 
stars was smitten, that the third part might be darkened, and 
that the day might not shine for the third part of it, and the 
night in like manner. 

13 And I saw, and heard an eagle, as he flew in mid-heaven, 
saying, with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of 
the earth, because of tho remaining voices of the trumpets of 
the three angels which are yet to sound. 

IX. *And the fifth angel sounded; and I saw a star fall from 
heaven to the earth; and there was given to him the key of 
the pit of the abyss; 2 and he opened the pit of the abyss; and 
there arose a smoke out of the pit, like the smoke of a great 
furnace ; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke 
of the pit. 3 And out of the smoke there came locusts upon the 
earth; and power was given to them, as the scorpions of the 
35 



546 BEVELATION. [ix. 

earth have power. * And they were commanded not to hurt the 
grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but the 
men who have not the seal of God in their foreheads. 5 And 
'they were permitted, not to kill them, but to torment them five 
months; and the torment inflicted by them was like the tor- 
ment inflicted by a scorpion, when he stings a man. 6 And in 
those days men will seek for death, and shall not find it ; and 
they will desire to die, and death shall flee from them. 

7 And the shapes of the locusts were like horses prepared 
for battle ; and on their heads were, as it were, crowns of gold ; 
and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 And they had 
hair like the hair of women ; and their teeth were like the teeth 
of lions. 9 And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron ; 
and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots of 
many horses running to battle. 10 And they had tails like scor- 
pions, and there were stings in their tails; and they had power 
to hurt men five months. u And they had over them a king, 
the angel of the abyss : his name, in Hebrew, is Abaddon, and, 
in Greek, he has the name Apollyon. 

12 The first woe is past : behold, there are coming, after this, 
two woes more. 

13 And the sixth angel sounded : and I heard a voice from the 
four horns of the golden altar that is before God, 14 saying to 
the sixth angel, who had the trumpet : Loose the four angels 
that are bound at the great river Euphrates. l5 And the four 
angels were loosed, who were prepared for an hour, and a day, 
and a month, and a year ; to slay the third part of men. 1G And 
the number of the armies of horsemen was two myriads of myr- 
iads : I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the 
horses in the vision, and those who sat on them ; they had 
breastplates, fiery, and hyacinthine, and sulphurous: and the 
heads of the horses were like the heads of lions, and out of 



x,] REVELATION. 547 

their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. 18 By these 
three plagues was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and 
the smoke, and the brimstone that issued out of their mouths. 
19 For their power was in their mouth and in their tails; for 
their tails were like serpents, and had heads, and .with them 
they do injury. 

20 And the rest of men that were not killed by these plagues, 
repented not of the works of their hands, that they might not 
worship demons, and idols of gold, and of silver, and of brass, 
and of stone, and of wood, which can neither see, nor hear, nor 
walk; 21 and they repented not of their murders, nor of their 
sorceries, nor of their lewdness, nor of their thefts. 

X. 1 And I saw another mighty angel coming down from 
heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his 
head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of 
fire. 2 And he had in his hand a little book opened ; and he 
placed his right foot on the sea, and his left foot on the land ; 
3 and he cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars : and when 
he had cried, the seven thunders uttered their voices. *And 
when the seven thunders had spoken, I was about to write; and 
I heard a voice from heaven, saying : Seal up the things which 
the seven thunders spoke, and write them not. 

5 And the angel that I saw standing on the sea and on the 
land, lifted up his right hand to heaven, 6 and swore by him 
that lives from age to age, who created the heaven and the 
things that are in it, and the earth and the things that are in 
it, and the sea and the things that are in it, That time should 
no longer intervene, 7 but in the days of the voice, of the sev- 
enth angel, when he shall, sound his trumpet, the mystery of 
God should be finished, as he has declared to .his servants the 
prophets. 



548 REVELATION, [xi. 

8 And the voice that I heard from heaven spoke to me again, 
and said: Go and take the little book that is open in the hand 
of the angel that stands on the sea and on the land. 9 And I 
went to the angel, and said to him : Give me the little book. 
And he said to me: Take it, and eat it up, and it will make 
your stomach bitter, but it will be in your mouth as sweet as 
honey. 10 And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, 
and ate it up, and it was in my mouth as sweet as honey; and 
when I had eaten it, my stomach was bitter. n And he said to 
me : You must prophesy again before many peoples and nations 
and tongues and kings. 

XI. *And a reed like a rod was given to me; and it was 
said : Rise and measure the iemple of God, and the altar, and 
those who worship in it. 2 But the court that is without the 
temple leave out, and measure it not: for it is given to the 
Gentiles, and the holy city they shall tread under foot forty- two 
months. 3 And I will give to my two witnesses, that they may 
prophesy a thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in 
sackcloth. 4 These are the two olive trees, and the two lamps 
that stand before the Lord of the earth. 5 And if any man will 
injure them, fire proceeds out of their mouth, and devours their 
enemies; and if any one will injure them, he must be killed in 
this way. 6 These have authority to shut heaven, that it may 
riot rain in the days of their prophecy ; and they have authority 
over the waters, to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth 
with every plague, as often as they wish. 

7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast 
that ascends out of the abyss will make war with them, and 
overcome them, and kill them. 8 And their dead bodies shall 
lie in the street of the great city, which, spiritually, is called 



xi.] EEVELATION. 549 

Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. 9 And 
some of the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will see 
their dead bodies three days and a half, and will not suffer 
their dead bodies to be put into sepulchers. 10 And those who 
dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, and make merry, and 
will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tor- 
mented those who dwelt on the earth. 

11 And after the three days and a half, the spirit of life from 
God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and 
great fear fell upon those who saw them. 12 And they heard a 
great voice from heaven, saying to them : Gome up hither. 
And they went up into heaven in a cloud, and their enemies 
beheld them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, 
and the tenth part of the city fell ; and in the earthquake there 
were slain names of men, seven thousand : and the rest were 
frightened, and gave glory to the God of heaven. 

14 The second woe is past: behold, the third woe comes quickly. 
15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices 
in heaven, saying : The kingdom of the world has become our 
Lord's and his Christ's, and he shall reign from age to age. 

Ui And the twenty-four elders that sat before God on their 
thrones, fell upon their faces, and worshiped God, 17 saying : We 
give thee thanks, Lord God Almighty, who art, and who 
wast, because thou hast taken thy great power, and hast 
reigned. 18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath has 
come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, 
and that thou shouldst give reward to thy servants the prophets, 
and to the saints, and to those who fear thy name, both small 
and great, and that thou shouldst destroy those who corrupt the 
earth. 

10 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there 



550 REVELATIO-N. [xn. 

was seen in his temple, the ark of the covenant of the Lord; 
and there were lightnings and voices and thunderings, and an 
earthquake, and great hail. 

XII. -"-And a great sign appeared in heaven, a woman clothed 
with the sun; and the moon was under her feet, and on her 
head was a crown of twelve stars; a and, being with child, she 
cried out in travail, and in the pains of delivery. 

3 And there appeared another sign in heaven; and behold, a 
great dragon, fiery-red, that had seven heads, and ten horns : 
and on his heads seven diadems. *And his tail drew along the 
third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth. 
And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bring 
forth, that, when she had brought forth, he might devour her 
child. 5 And she brought forth a male child, that was to rule 
all nations with a rod of iron ; and her child was caught away 
to God, even to his throne. 6 And the woman fled into the 
wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they 
should feed her there for a thousand two hundred and sixty 
days. 

7 And there was war in heaven ; Michael and his angels fought 
with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, 8 and 
prevailed not : nor was their place found any more in heaven. 
9 And the great dragon, that old serpent, called the Devil, and 
Satan, who deceives the whole world, was cast into the earth, 
and his angels were cast out with him. 10 And I heard a great 
voice in heaven, saying : Now has come the salvation, and the 
power, and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his 
Christ : for the accuser of our brethren, he that accused them 
before our God day and night, is cast down. u And they over- 
came him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their 



XIIL] REVELATION. 551 

testimony; and they loved not their lives even to death. 
"Therefore, rejoice you heavens, and you that dwell in them. 
Alas for the land and for the sea! for the devil has come 
down to you with great anger, because he knows that he has 
but a short time. 

13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast into the earth, 
he persecuted the woman that brought forth the male child. 
14 And two wings of a great eagle were given to the woman, 
that she might fly into the wilderness into her place, where she 
is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, away from 
the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent threw out of 
his mouth water like a river, after the woman, that he might 
cause her to be carried away by the river. 16 And the earth 
helped the woman ; and the earth opened her mouth, and swal- 
lowed up the river that the dragon threw out of his mouth. 
17 And the dragon was angry with the woman, and went away 
to make war with the rest of her children, that keep the com- 
mandments of God, and that hold the testimony of Jesus. 

XIIL l And I stood on the sand of the sea, and saw a beast 
coming up out of the sea, and he had seven heads and ten 
horns, and on his horns ten diadems, and on his heads names 
impiously irreverent. 2 And the beast that I saw was like a 
leopard, and his feet were as those of a bear, and his mouth 
was as the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his 
power, and his throne, and great authority. 3 And I saw one 
of his heads as if it had been wounded even to death ; and his 
deadly wound was healed ; and all the earth wondered after the 
beast. 4 And they worshiped the dragon, because he gave au- 
thority to the beast: and they worshiped the beast, saying, 
Who is like the beast? and, Who is able to make war with him? 



552 BEVELATION. [xni. 

5 And there was given him a mouth that spoke great things 
and impious words ; and authority was given to him to continue 
forty-two months. 6 And he opened his mouth in impious speeches 
against God, to utter impious words against his name, and his 
tabernacle, and against those who dwell in heaven. 7 And it 
was given him to make war with the saints, and to overcome 
them: and authority was given him over every tribe and peo- 
ple and tongue and nation. 8 And all that dwell upon the earth 
will worship him, those whose names are not written in the 
book of life of the Lamb that was slain from the foundation of 
the world. 9 If any one has an ear, let him hear. 10 If any 
one leads into captivity, he shall go into captivity. If any 
kills with the sword, he must be killed with the . sword. Here 
is the patience and faithfulness of the saints. 

11 And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and 
he had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke as a dragon. 12 And 
he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence ; 
and he causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship 
the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. 13 And he does 
great signs, and even causes fire to descend from heaven upon 
the earth in the sight of. men. M And he deceives those who 
dwell on the earth, by means of the signs which he is allowed 
to do in the presence of the beast, saying to those who dwell on 
the earth, that they should make an image for the beast which 
had the wound by the sword, and did live. 15 And it was granted 
him to give spirit to the image of the beast, that the image of 
the beast should both speak, and cause as many as would not 
worship the image of the beast, to be killed. 1B And he causes 
all, small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a 
mark on their right hand, or on their forehead, 17 and that no 
one should be able to buy or sell, but he that had the mark, the 



BETEL ATI ON. 553 

name of the beast, or the numher of his name. 18 Here is wis- 
dom. Let him that has understanding, count the number of 
the beast: for it is the number of a man, and his number is 
six hundred and sixty- six. 

XIV. * And I saw, and behold, the Lamb stood on the moiint 
Zion, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand, that 
had his name and his Father's name written in their foreheads. 
2 And I heard a voice from heaven like the voice of many waters, 
and like the voice of loud thunder; and I heard the voice of 
harpers harping with their harps. 3 And they sung a new song 
before the throne, and before the four .living creatures, and the 
elders: and no one was able to learn the song, but the hundred 
and forty-four thousand that had been redeemed from the earth. 
* These are they that were not denied with women ; for they 
are virgins ; these are they that follow the Lamb wherever he 
goes: these were redeemed from among men, the first-fruits to 
Grod and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no 
guile; for they are blameless. 

6 And I saw another angel flying in mid-heaven, having the 
eternal gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth, even 
to every nation and tribe and tongue and people; 7 and he said 
with a loud voice: Fear God', and give glory to him, for the 
hour of his judgment has come ; and worship him that made 
the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and the fountains of 
waters. 

8 And another angel followed, saying : Babylon the great has 
fallen, has fallen; because she has made all nations drink of the 
maddening wine of her lewdness. 

9 And the third angel followed them, saying, with a loud 
voice : If any one worship the beast and his image, and receive 



554 BEVELATION. . [xiv. 

his mark in his forehead, or on his hand, even he shall drink of 
the wine of the wrath of God, which is prepared without mix- 
ture in the cup of his indignation ; 10 and he shall be tormented 
with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and 
in the presence of the Lamb : u and the smoke of their torment 
ascends from age to age : and they who worship the beast and 
his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name, have no 
rest day or night. 

12 Here is the patience of the saints, who keep the command- 
ments of God and the faith of Jesus. 13 And I heard a voice 
from heaven, saying: Write, Blessed are the dead that die in 
the Lord from this time. Yes,. says the Spirit, that they may 
rest from their labors, and their works do follow them. 

u And I saw, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat 
one like the Son of man, who had on his head a crown of gold, 
and in his hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out 
of the temple, and cried with a loud voice to him that sat on 
the cloud : Thrust in your sickle and reap, for the time has 
come for you to reap, for the harvest of the earth is fully ripe. 
16 And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth, 
and the earth was reaped. 

17 And another angel came out of the temple that is in 
heaven, and he also had a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel 
that had power over fire, came out from the altar ;' and he cried 
with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, and said: 
Thrust in your sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine 
of the earth, for its grapes are fully ripe. 19 And the angel 
thrust in his sickle on the earth, and gathered the vine of 
the earth, and threw it into the great wine-press of the wrath 
of God. 20 And the wine-press was trodden without the city; 
and blood came out of the wine-press, even to the bridles of the 



xv, xvi.] KEVELATION. 555 

horses, to the distance of a thousand and six hundred fur- 
longs. 

XV. *And I saw another sign in heaven, great and -wonder- 
ful: seven angels that had seven plagues which are the last; 
for by them the wrath of God is brought to an end. 

2 And I saw, as it were, a sea of glass mingled with fire, and 
those who had obtained the victory over the beast, and over his 
image, and over the number of his name, standing on the sea 
of glass, having the harps of Grod. 3 And they sung the song 
of Moses the servant of Grod, and the song of the Lamb, say- 
ing : Great and wonderful are thy works, Lord God Almighty ; 
just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. *Who will 
not fear thee, Lord, and glorify thy name ? For thou alone 
art holy ; for all nations shall come and worship before thee : 
because thy judgments are made manifest. 

5 And after this I saw, and the temple of the tabernacle of 
the testimony in heaven was opened ; and the seven angels that 
had the seven plagues came out of the temple, clothed in pure 
white linen, and girded about the breasts with golden girdles. 
7 And one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels 
seven golden cups full of the wrath of God, who lives from age 
to age. 8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory 
of God, and from his power; and no one was able to enter the 
temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were com- 
pleted. 

XVI. *And I heard a great voice out of the temple, saying 
to the seven angels : Go and pour out the seven cups of the 
wrath of God upon the earth. 

2 And the first angel went, and poured out his cup on the 



556 BEVELATION. [xvi 

land; and there came a hurtful and afflictive sore upon the men 
that had the mark of the beast, and that worshiped his image. 

3 And the second angel poured out his cup on the sea ; and 
it became blood, like that of a dead man : and every soul in 
the sea died. 

4 And the third angel poured out his cup on the rivers and 
the fountains of waters ; and they became blood. 5 And I heard 
the angel of the waters, saying : Just art thou, who art and who 
wast, the Holy One, because thou hast thus judged. 6 Por they 
have shed the blood of saints and of prophets, and thou hast 
given them blood to drink, and they are worthy. 7 And I 
heard a Voice from the altar saying : Even so, Lord God Al- 
mighty, true and just are thy judgments. 

8 And the fourth angel poured out his cup on the sun ; and 
it was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were 
scorched with great heat; and they uttered impious words 
against the name of God who has power over these plagues ; and 
they repented not,' that they might give him glory. 
. 10 And the fifth angel poured out his cup on the throne of 
the beast ; and his kingdom was filled with darkness ; and they 
gnawed their tongues because of pain; "and they spoke impi- 
ously against the God of heaven because of their pains, and be- 
cause of their sores ; and they repented not of their works. 

12 And the sixth angel poured out his cup on the great river 
Euphrates ; and its water was dried up, that the way of the 
kings of the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three un- 
clean spirits, like frogs, come out of the mouth of the dragon, 
and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the 
false prophet. 14 For they are the spirits of demons that do 
signs, and they go forth to the kings of the whole world, to bring 
them together to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. 



xvii.] BEVELA.TION. 557 

15 Behold, I come as a thief: blessed is he that watches, and 
keeps his garments, that he may not walk naked, and that men 
may not see his nakedness. 16 And they brought them together 
into a place that is called, in the Hebrew tongue, Armageddon. 
17 And the seventh angel poured out his cup into the air ; and 
there came a great voice from the temple of heaven, from the 
throne, saying : It is done. 18 And there were lightnings and 
voices and thunders ; and there was a great earthquake, such as 
has not been since men were on the earth, so great an earth- 
quake, and so mighty. 19 And the great city was divided into three 
parts, and the cities of the nations fell : and Babylon the great 
was remembered before God, that he might give her the cup of 
the wine of his fiercest wrath. 20 And every island fled, and the 
mountains were not found. 21 And great hail, every stone about 
the weight of a talent, fell from heaven upon men; and men 
spoke impiously against God, because of the plague of the hail : 
for the plague of it was very great. 

XVII. a And there came one of the seven angels that had the 
seven cups, and talked with me, saying : Come, I will show you 
the judgment of the great harlot that sits on many waters, 2 with 
whom the kings of the earth have practiced lewdness, and with 
the wine of whose lewdness the inhabitants of the earth have 
been made drunk. 3 And he carried me away in spirit into the 
wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, that 
was full of impious names, and that had seven heads and ten 
horns. *And the woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, 
and adorned with gold, and precious stones, and pearls ; and she 
had in her hand a golden cup full of idolatrous pollutions, and 
the impurities of her lewdness. 5 And on her forehead was a 
name written : MYSTEEY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE 



558 BEVELATION. [xvn, 

MOTHEE OP HARLOTS, AND OF THE IDOLATBOUS 
POLLUTIONS OF THE EAETH. G And I saw the woman 
drunk with, the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the 
witnesses of Jesus ; and when I saw her, I wondered with great 
astonishment. 

7 And the angel said to me : Why did you wonder ? I will tell 
you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries 
her, that has seven heads and ten horns. 

8 The beast that you saw, was, and is not, and will come out 
of the abyss, and go to perdition; and those who dwell on the 
earth, whose names were not written in the book of life from the 
foundation of the world, will wonder, when they see the beast 
that was, and is not, though he is yet present. 

9 Here is the mind that has wisdom : the seven heads are 
seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 And there are 
seven kings : five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet 
come ; and when he comes, he must remain but a little while. 
11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and 
is of the seven, and goes to perdition. 

12 And the ten horns which you saw are ten kings, who have 
received no kingdom as yet, but receive authority as kings at 
the same time with the beast. 

13 These have one mind, and will give their power and au- 
thority to the beast. 14 These will make war with the Lamb, 
and the Lamb will overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, 8,nd 
King of kings : and those with him are called and chosen and 
faithful. 

15 And he said to me : The waters which you saw, where the 
harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 
16 And the ten horns that you saw, and the beast, these will 
hate the harlot, and will make her desolate and naked, and will 



REVELATION. 559 

eat her flesh, and burn her up with fire. "For God has put 
into their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree, and to give 
their kingdom to the beast, till the words of God be accom- 
plished. 

18 And the woman that you saw is that great city, which 
reigns over the kings of the earth. 

XVIII. T And after these things I saw another angel come 
down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was 
lighted with his glory. 2 And he cried with a strong voice, 
saying : Babylon the great has fallen, has fallen, and has become 
the habitation of demons, and the haunt of every unclean spirit, 
and the resort of every unclean and hateful bird. 3 For she has 
made all nations drink of the maddening wine of her lewdness ; 
and the kings of the earth have practiced lewdness with her, 
and the merchants of the earth have become rich by the power 
of her voluptuousness. 

4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying: Come out 
of her, my people, lest you become partakers of her sins, and 
lest you receive of her plagues. 5 For her sins reach even to 
heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. 6 Reward her 
as she has rewarded you, and render back to her double, accord- 
ing to her works : in the cup that she has mixed, mix for her 
double. 7 As much glory and voluptuousness as she has given 
to herself, so much torment and sorrow give her : for she says 
in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no 
sorrow. 8 Therefore, her plagues shall come in one day, death 
and mourning and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with 
fire: for strong is the Lord God who judges her. 

9 And the kings of the earth, who have practiced lewdnesa 
and lived voluptuously with her, shall weep and lament for her, 



560 KEVELATION. [xvm. 

when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing far off for 
fear of her torment, saying: Alas, alas, that great city of Baby- 
lon, that mighty 'city ! for in one hour has your judgment come. 

11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and lament over 
her, because no one buys their merchandise any more ; 12 the 
merchandise of gold and silver and precious stones, and of 
pearls, and of fine linen and purple, and of silk and scarlet; 
and every kind of thyine wood, and every kind of vessel of 
ivory, and every kind of vessel of most costly wood, and of 
brass, and of iron, and of marble : 13 and cinnamon and amomum 
and incense, and ointment and frankincense, and wine, and oil, 
and fine flour and wheat, and beasts and sheep, and horses and 
chariots, and bodies and souls of men. w And the fruits that 
your soul desired have departed from you; and all things that 
are dainty and sumptuous have perished from you, and you 
shall find them no more at all. 

15 Those who traded in these things, who were made rich by 
her, shall stand far off for fear of her torment, weeping and 
mourning and 16 saying: Alas, alas, that great city, that was 
clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with 
gold and precious stones and pearls ! for in one hour, so great 
riches have been brought to ruin. 17 And every master of a 
ship, and every one in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade 
by sea, stood far off, 18 and cried, when they saw the smoke of 
her burning, saying : What city is like the great city ? 19 And 
they threw dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and mourn- 
ing and saying : Alas, alas, that great city, by which all that 
had ships in the sea became rich by means of costly merchan- 
dise! for in one hour she is made desolate. 20 Eejoice over her, 
heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets : for God 
has avenged you on her. 



REVELATION. 561 

21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, 
and threw it into the sea, saying: Thus, with violence shall 
Babylon, that great city, be thrown down, and shall be found 
no more at all. 22 And the voice of harpers and musicians, and 
of pipers and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in you : 
and no artist of any art whatever, shall be found any more in 
you: and the sound of the millstone shall be heard no more in 
you: ^and the light of a lamp shall shine no more in you: and 
the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no 
more in you : for your merchants were the great men of the 
earth : for by your sorcery were all nations deceived. 2 * And 
in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of 
all that were slain upon the earth. 

XIX. 1 After these things, I heard the great voice of a vast 
multitude in heaven, saying : Alleluia ; Salvation and glory and 
honor and power to our God: 2 for true and righteous are his 
.judgments, for he has judged the great harlot that corrupted 
the earth with her lewdness; and he has avenged the blood of 
his servants at her hand. 3 And again they said: Alleluia; 
and her smoke rises up from age to age. *And the twenty-four 
elders, and the four living creatures, fell clown, and worshiped 
God that sits upon the throne, saying: Amen, Alleluia. 6 And 
a voice came out of the throne, saying : Praise our God all you 
his servants, and you that fear him, both small and great. 

And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and 
as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thun- 
derings, saying: Alleluia; for the Lord God the Almighty 
reigns. 7 Let us rejoice and be glad, and give glory to him : 
for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his wife has made 
herself ready. 8 And to her was given that she should be 
36 



562 KEVELATION. [xix. 

clothed in fine linen, clean and white; for the nne linen is 
the righteousness of the saints. 9 And he said to me: "Write, 
Blessed are they that are called to the marriage-supper of the 
Lamb. And he said to me : These are the true words of God. 
10 And I fell at his feet to worship him; and he said to me: 
See that you do it not; I am your fellow -servant, and of your 
brethren that have the testimony of Jesus; worship God: for 
the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. 

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and 
he that sat on him was called faithful and true, and in right- 
eousness does he' judge, and make war. 12 His eyes were like a 
flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems; and he had 
a name written which no one knew, but he himself. 13 And he 
was clothed with a garment dipped in blood; and his name 
is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies that were in 
heaven followed him on white horses ; and they were clothed in 
fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goes a 
sharp, two-edged sword, that with it he may smite the nations ; 
and he shall rule them with a rod of iron; and he treads 
the wine-press of the fiercest wrath of God, the Almighty. 
16 And he has, on his raiment and on his thigh, a name written, 
King of kings, and Lord of lords. 

17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun ; and he cried with 
a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid-heaven 
Come, gather yourselves to the great supper of God, ls that you 
may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of officers, and the 
flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of those who 
sit on them, and the flesh of all, both freemen and servants, 
both small and great. 

19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their 
armies, assembled together to make war with him that sat on 



XX.-1 REVELATION. 563 

the horse, and with his army. 20 And the beast was taken, 
and the false prophet that was with him, who did signs in his 
presence, with which he deceived those who received the mark 
of the beast, and those who worshiped his image. These two 
were thrown alive into the lake of fire, which burns with brim- 
stone. 21 And the rest were slain with the sword of him that 
sat on the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth : and 
all the birds were filled with their flesh. 

XX. J And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having 
the key of the abyss, and a great chain in his- hand. 2 And he 
laid hold of the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil and 
Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and threw him 
into the abyss, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that 
he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years 
should be completed: and after this he must be loosed for a 
little while. 

4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and the power 
of judging was given to them ; and I saw the souls of those who 
had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word 
of God ; and of those who had not worshiped the beast, nor his 
image, and had not received his mark on their forehead, nor 
on their hand : and they lived and reigned with Christ a thou- 
sand years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not till the thou- 
sand years 'were completed. This is the first resurrection. 
"Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection; 
over such the second death has no power: but they shall be 
priests of Grod and of the Christ, and shall reign with him a 
thousand years. 

7 And when the thousand years shall have been completed, 
Satan shall be loosed from his prison, 8 and shall go out to de- 



564: EEVELATION. [xxi. 

ceiye the nations that are in the four corners of the earth, Gog 
and Magog, to bring them together to battle : the number of 
these is as the sand of the sea. 9 And they went up on the 
breadth of the earth, and encompassed the camp of the saints, 
and the beloved city : and fire came down out of heaven from 
God, and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them 
was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast 
and the false prophet are : and they shall be tormented day and 
night from age to age. 

11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat upon it, 
from, whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and no 
place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead,, small and 
great, stand before the throne; and the books were opened; and 
another book was opened, which is the book of life : and the 
dead were judged out of the things that were written in the 
books, according to their, works. 13 And the sea gave up the 
dead that were in it ; and death and hades gave up the dead that, 
were in them; and they were judged, every one according to 
his works. 14 And death and hades were cast into the lake 
of fire: this is the second death. 15 And if any one was not 
found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake 
of fire. 

XXI. *And I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the 
former heaven and the former earth had passed away : and the 
sea' was no more. 2 And I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, 
coming down out of heaven, from God, prepared as a bride 
adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice out of 
heaven, saying : Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and 
he will dwell with them : and they shall be his people, and God 
himself will be with them, their God. 4 And he will wipe every 



XXL] KEVELATION. 565 

tear from their eyes, and there shall be no more death; neither 
shall there be any more sorrow, nor crying, nor pain; for the 
former things have passed away. 

5 And he that sat upon the throne said: Behold, I make all 
things new. And he" said to me: Write, for these words are 
true and faithful. 6 And he said to me : It is done ; I am the 
Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him 
that thirsts, I will give of the fountain of the water of life 
freely. 7 He that overcomes, shall inherit these things, and I 
will be his God, and he shall be my son. 8 But the fearful, and 
the unbelieving, and the detestable, and murderers and lewd 
persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, shall have their 
part in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is 
the second death. 

9 And there came one of the seven angels that had the seven 
cups full of the seven last plagues; and he talked with me, say- 
ing : Come hither, and I will show you the bride, the Lamb's wife. 
10 And he carried me away in spirit to a mountain, great and 
high, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down 
out of heaven from God, u having the glory of God : that which 
gave it light was like a most costly stone, like jasper-stone, 
brilliant as crystal. 12 It had a wall, great and high; and it had 
twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written 
on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons 
of Israel; 13 "on the east, three gates; on the north, three gates; 
on the south, three gates; and on the west, three gates. 14 And 
the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were 
the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 

15 And he that talked with me had a measure, a golden reed, 
that he might measure the city, and its gates, and its wall. 
16 And the city lies square : and its length is as great as ita 



566 ' KEVELATION. [xxn. 

breadth. And lie measured the city with the reed, twelve thou- 
sand furlongs: the length, and the breadth, and the hight of it 
are equal. "And he measured the -wall of it, a hundred and 
forty-four cubits, the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 

18 And the wall of it was built of jasper; and the city was 
pure gold, like clear glass. 19 And the foundations of the wall 
of the city were adorned with every costly stone : the first 
foundation was jasper ; the second, sapphire; the third, chalce- 
dony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, 
sardius ; the seventh, crysolite ; the eighth, beryl ; the ninth, 
topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, hyacinth ;. the 
twelfth, amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls ; 
every gate was of one pearl : and the street of the city was 
pure gold, like clear glass. 

.^And I saw no temple in it: for the Lord God the Almighty, 
and the Lamb, are its temple. 23 And the city had no need of 
the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in it : for the glory of God 
gave it light, and the lamp of it is the Lamb. ^And the na- 
tions shall walk by the light of it ; and the kings of the earth 
bring their glory and their honor into it. ^And its gates 
shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night 
there. 26 And they shall bring the glory and honor of the na- 
tions into it. 27 And there shall not enter it any thing unclean, 
or that does what is detestable, or that makes a lie : but those 
who are written in the Lamb's book of life. 

XXII. 1 And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as 
crystal, coming out from the throne of God and of the Lamb. 
2 In the midst of the street of the city, and on each side of the 
river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve kinds of fruit, and 
yielded its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were 



XXIL] 



.EBVELATION. 



,5.6? 



for the. healing of the nations. 3 And there shall be no more 
curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it: 
and his servants shall serve him. 4 And they shall see his face, 
and his name shall be in their foreheads. 5 And there shall be 
no more night ; and they have no need of the lamp, nor of the 
light .of the sun: for the Lord God will 'give them light: and 
they shall reign from age to age. 

6 And he said to me: These words are faithful and true; and 
the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets has sent his angel 
to show his servants the things that must shortly take place. 
7 And behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keeps the 
words of the prophecy of this book. 8 And I, John, am he 
that saw and heard these things. And when I had heard and 
seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel that 
showed me these things. 9 And he said to me: See that you 
do it not ; I am your fellow-servant, and of your brethren the 
prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book : wor- . 
ship God. 

10 And he said to me: Seal not the words of the prophecy of 
this book : for the time is at hand. n He that is unjust, let 
him be unjust still; he that is polluted, let him be polluted 
still ; and he that, is righteous, let him be righteous still ; and 
he that is holy, let him be holy still. 12 Behold, I come quickly, 
and my reward is with me, to give to every one as his work, shall 
be. 13 1 am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, 
the Beginning and the End. 14 Blessed are those. who do his 
commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, 
and that they may go through the gates into the city. 15 "With- 
out are dogs and sorcerers and lewd persons and murderers, and 
idolaters, and every one that loves and makes a lie. 

16 1, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify these things to you 



568 REVELATION. [xxii. 

for the churches. I am .the root and the offspring of David, 
the bright, morning star. "And the Spirit and the bride say, 
Come; and let him that hears, say, Gome; and let him that is 
thirsty, come; and let him that is willing, take the water of 
life freely. 

18 1 testify to every one that hears the words of the prophecy 
of this book : if any one add to these things, God will add to 
him the plagues that are written in this book. 19 And if any 
one take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, 
Qod will take away his part from the tree of life, and from the 
holy city; which things are written in this book. 

20 He that testifies these things, says : Surely, I come quickly. 
Amen : come, Lord Jesus. 

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with all the saints. 



DENARIUS. The earlier =8Jd., 17 cents: the later ==77., 15 cents. 

DRACHMA = the denarius, or 15 cents. 

DIDRACHMA = 30 cents. 

STATER = 60 cents. 

CHCENIX '== about a quart. 

YOD, is the name of the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 

PEDAGOGUE, (Gal. iii, 24,) was a servant that led the children of his 
master to school. The literal meaning of the word is, " a leader of chil- . 
dren." The pedagogue did not teach, but conducted his master's children 
to the schoolmaster. 



THE END. 



65 





--: ii 



UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO