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Full text of "Reflections on Paul according to the Acts in the New Testament [microform]"

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ACCORDING TO THE 



ACTS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT 



REFLECTIONS ON 

DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF THE SPECIES 
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN 
CAIN CHICO, THE CHIMPANZEE 
BOURGET THE DlSCIPLE 
MOSES EGYPTIAN RELIGION 
ELECTRICITY THE WORKS OF JESUS 



MILY OLIVER 




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TO THE READER. 



I am not infallible. Search and see if these 
things are true. 

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PREFACE. 



These Reflections are not written against any 
denomination among the Churches, or in favor of 
any denomination among the Churches. They are 
written to endeavor to give more light on the 
religion given unto us by Christ. 

We have taken the interpretation of the life 
of Jesus and his teachings which our forefathers 
have handed down to us. They were sincere in 
their efforts to understand the life of Christ, under 
the light of their day; but God is giving to us more 
light which is fitted to our day, and which would 
have been blinding to our forefathers. 

Science is the power which God gives to the 
minds of men, and it is the light which He gives to 
guide us ; it will be brighter and brighter as the 
world goes on. It has always shone in the darkness, 
but the darkness comprehended it not. Mankind 
resisted it, tried to extinguish it, by resisting and 

[5] 



b PREFACE. 

putting to death the men* and women to whose 
minds God had sent the light. They hated the 
light because the light showed that they mankind 
were of evil. Christ told us that such would be 
the case. He said the time cometh when those who 
kill you will think they do God's service. 

Those who think that they and no one else 
serve God are to be found only in Church denomin- 
ations ; their service to God they perform, follow- 
ing the dogmas of their separate Churches without 
looking to see if these dogmas are pleasing to God, 
and if the dogmas can stand the light which shines 
in the darkness, and if they comprehend the light, 
certainly those who lived on this earth when Christ 
was here did not comprehend the light He brought 
to them ; like the Ephesians, they tried to kill the 
light by shouting their dogmas as being as great 
as " Diana of the Ephesians." Do we do the same 
now ? Are we not unwilling to receive more light ? 
We sing in our churches, " Kindly Light, lead on," 
but we refuse to follow the light, if the light leads 
us one step further than our forefathers could see ; 
we turn back and cry out, " Great are the dogmas of 
our Church," and so we resist the spirit of Christ, 
which He promised to send to guide us. 



PEEFACE. 7 

aul tells the men in Antioch that those who 
dwell at Jerusalem and their rulers, because they 
knew not Christ, nor yet the voices of the Prophets 
Which are read every Sabbath day, they fulfilled 
the voices of the prophets in condemning Christ 
Here I ask, Are we certain that we . understand what 
Christ has told us, as well as the Prophets' teach- 
ings.? Are we making the same mistake that the 
men of Antioch made, are we blind to the light 
shining in our day. Paul also tells them, "Through 
this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of 
sins," not supposing that Paul means himself. I 
suppose this to mean Christ's human nature, the 
sins being our human nature inherited from animals 
created of this earth, Satan being the Prince of this 
earth ; and Paul adds that, " They would not believe 
the work of God," which work I believe to be 



Evolution of animal matter and of mind " though 
a man declare it unto you " the man Jesus Christ. 
Therefore we must work out our own salvation 
with fear and trembling. 

" Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling gloom," 
" Lead on." 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Preface 5 

Paul of Tarsus 13 

Darwin's Origin of Species 83 

Darwin's Descent of Man in 

Reflections on Cain 157 

Reflections on " Le Disciple " 167 

Reflections on Moses 199 

Reflections on Electricity.' 247 

[ix] 



REFLECTIONS. 

" The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters." 
-Gen. i : 2. 



!-<- -*. -5 



REFLECTIONS ON PAUL. 



PAUL OP TARSUS. 

Reflections on Paul of Tarsus, according to the Acts in 
the New Testament. 

The first interpretation of the life of J esus we 
find bound with the Gospels, and these writings are 
attributed to Saul of Tarsus. Can we be certain 
that Paul wrote these himself. No, we can not, for 
Paul had disciples who wrote his epistles, as he him- 
self proves in the II Thessalonians which ends with 
these words, " The salutation of Paul with my own 
hand, which is the token in every epistle : so I 
write." That is, the salutation is Paul's, the writ- 
ing of the salutation, Paul's own handwriting ; the 
rest therefore is by his disciples, or by those of the 

[13] 



14 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

Pauline school, and all of the epistles have not the 
salutation in Paul's own hand. 

We first find Paul when he was a young man, 
standing as a witness to the death of Stephen, who. 
had just preached a sermon which Paul had un- 
doubtedly heard, as he here gives an account of the 
sermon preached b)^ Stephen, and the sermon was 
the cause of -Stephen's death. The command to 
stone Stephen to death must have been given by 
the young man named Saul, since he consented to 
his death, and to being a witness that the stoning 
was just and due ; for those who did the stoning 
laid down their clothes at the feet of Saul, the wit- 
ness. Saul had heard this sermon preached by 
Stephen, and Stephen in his sermon had said, 
" The most high dwelleth not in temples made with 
hands." 

Solomon built a house for the God of Jacob. 
The temple of Solomon was considered by the Jews 
to be the dwelling place of God, God's house. 
Jesus has told us that God is in heaven, and not in 
any house made with hands. Very much like what 
in these days some denominations think of their 
churches built with hands, and if Jesus came now to 
tell them again that God does not dwell in their 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 15 

churches, would they believe Him, or stone Him 
as they did to Stephen ? Stephen told those who 
heard him, Paul among the number, that they 
always resisted the Holy Ghost, as their fathers did 
so did they. Their fathers let us see who they 
were. We find them to be the descendants of ani- 
mals, who are the descendants of evil, in other 
words, of Satan. In their animal nature they resist 
the Holy Ghost, that is, they resist their own soul, 
which is striving through their conscience to make 
them think and understand the will of God. It is 
that will, which we ask in prayer to have done on 
this earth as it is done in heaven. 

Stephen goes on in his sermon and tells them 
that their fathers persecuted the prophets, and 
killed those who showed that Jesus was coming to 
this earth, and that their fathers betrayed and mur- 
dered the Just One. Let me here say that on this 
earth the Just One is still murdered, literally, by the 
death of those who try to be just in any public 
office, and terribly true in those who resist the light 
which comes to the minds of a few intelligent men 
or women, who see and understand that when the 
race of mankind was a child, they thought and 
spoke as a child, but now that the evolution in 



16 PAUL OF TAKSUS. 

thought has brought the race of mankind to a higher 
age, they should think as men and put away child- 
ish things. But the ignorant would murder the 
thoughts of these men and women, no longer chil- 
dren ; they succeed in this for a time, but they can- 
not fight against God for any length of time. Jesus 
has told us that Satan was a murderer from the be- 
ginning. We go to the beginning of mankind 
evolved into his present form, and we find that Cain, 
the first child of Adam and Eve, that is, the first- 
born of mankind, was a murderer. Let me ask 
here, was this first-born son of mankind made by 
God, and made in his image, or made by Satan, Sin, 
and in his image ? 

Stephen had been arrested by the order of Paul, 
when Paul found Stephen disputing, or as we say 
now, arguing with those of the synagogue. It was 
on the subject of religious belief that Stephen ar- 
gued ; and the priests of the synagogue, or church 
as we say in these days, were not able to resist the 
wisdom and the spirit by which Stephen spake. 
Stephen then spake by the spirit, and the wisdom 
was the wisdom which he had in his soul or mind ; it 
was not carnal wisdom, but spiritual wisdom, and 



PAUt OF TAKSTTS. 17 

that was the reason why carnal Paul could not resist 
the wisdom of Stephen. 

It was undoubtedly Paul who stirred up the peo- 
ple and the elders and the scribes, who caught 
Stephen and brought him to the Council, and set up 
false witnesses who said, "This man ceaseth not to 
speak blasphemous words against this holy place 
and the Law." Paul was eloquent and well trained 
in making speeches to the people, which speeches 
could excite them and stir them to any daring act, 
be it for good or for evil, for Paul had sat at the 
feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the per- 
fect manner of the law of the fathers and was zeal- 
ous toward God, as we all are this day. Here let 
me say that Paul who taught only according to the 
fathers, and considered that law perfect, yet in the 
evolution of his mind caused by the light sent to 
him, he no longer considered the laws of the fathers 
as being perfect ; he had the courage to say so and 
confess his belief in Jesus. We find the character 
of Paul a strange mixture, for he was courageous 
and yet he was a great coward. For we find that 
Paul thought it right to set up false witnesses to 
help on what he thought was a good cause ; we 
haye here by Paul's own hand, that the witnesses 



18 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

were false, no one but a coward would use false 
witnesses. Paul thought it right to set up false wit- 
nesses in what he thought was a good cause, he 
thought that the eloquence and spirit of Stephen, 
which he could not resist, would destroy the Jewish 
religion if Stephen was allowed to live. Now to 
resist in the sense in which it is here used, means 
to prove by argument that that which Stephen 
preached was not true, and this Paul found he 
could not do. So he determined that Stephen 
must die. The first thing, therefore, that we hear 
of Paul is that he was a murderer ; for he put Ste- 
phen to death by stirring up the people against 
Stephen and consenting to be a witness to his 
death an innocent man who had never clone Paul 
any harm, but who was trying to do him, and all 
who heard that sermon, the utmost good. For Ste- 
phen assured them then and there, that the just 
man whom they had betrayed and murdered, he 
then saw through the open heavens, standing at 
the right hand of God, giving them thus the as- 
surance of the life immortal of their souls. They 
had accused Stephen of having said that Jesus of 
Nazareth shall destroy this place and shall change 
the customs which Moses delivered us. We who 



PAUL OF TAKSTTS. 19 

live in these days, know that if Stephen did say 
these things, that he spoke the truth, for the belief 
and religion which Jesus of Nazareth gave us has 
destroyed the Jewish nation at Jerusalem, and has 
changed many customs which Moses delivered unto 
them. Therefore if Jesus came to change these 
old customs for better things, he showed us that, 
evolution must go on until the end of the world. 
Nothing on this earth now is the same as when 
life began on this earth. All things must change 
for the better, though we see it not so at first ; but 
if we wish it or no, evolution goes on, slowly, in 
counting time as to the length of our lives, but 
swiftly in the time of God. 

We now have in this account of Stephen, these 
Words : " And all that sat in the council, looking 
steadfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the 
face of an angel." Now what shall we say of these 
words? First, what is the face of an angel, for 
whoever wrote these words of Stephen had some 
idea of what the face, of an angel looks like. In- 
spired, must be their first idea of an angel's face, 
calm, holy, pure, expressing courage, firmness, 
truth, reverence of God, fearless of men, stern, sol- 
emn, grand and noble, alarming for a man to look 



20 PAUL OF TAESUS. 

steadfastly at ; for all accounts given us in the 
Bible of angels, tell us that those who see an angel 
feel fear. Paul, looking at Stephen and seeing his 
face like the face of an angel, must Lave remem- 
bered that face all his life time. Having consented 
to the violent death of such a man, in after reflec- 
tion he must have felt fear when he thought of the 
face of Stephen as he sat in the council against him, 
and remembered that the face was the face of an 
angel. Perhaps this was the reason that the high 
priest permitted Stephen to speak and preach the 
sermon which the seventh chapter in Acts gives 
us, gazing at St. Stephen's face, he feared and did 
not prevent his speaking. 

The sermon was preached by Stephen, but the 
very first words look as if Paul had written the ser- 
mon as we have it in the Bible, for he begins with 
these words : " Men, brethren and fathers, 
hearken," and Saul begins his own defense at 
Jerusalem with the same words, " Men, brethren 
and fathers," which we know was the custom in 
those days among the Romans, still it is a strong 
argument that Saul wrote this sermon preached by 
Stephen. 

Stephen then commenced his sermon with 



FATTL OF TARSUS. 21 

Abraham, how God appeared to him, and sent him 
out of his country and from his relations into 
another land, and that Abraham lived in the land 
in which those who listened to Stephen then dwelt, 
and that those who heard him had betrayed and 
murdered Jesus. I pause here to say, Are we doing 
the same as they ? Is God sending us prophets, 
that is, sending us wise men, to whose minds God 
sends new light in science or otherwise, and do we 
persecute them ? Sometimes persecuting them to 
death in what is supposed to be a refined and civil- 
ized way. Stephen says that those who heard him 
had received the law by the disposition of angels, 
and had not kept it, the law being the knowlege of 
God's will, the same will which we pray to have 
done on this earth as it is done in heaven. 

Stephen goes on in his sermon with the history 
of Moses and the children of Israel, and how when 
these were left to themselves for a short time they 
quickly began to worship idols, and to rejoice in the 
works of their own hands ; just as people do even 
in these days, and worshiped the host of heaven, 
as in these days they worship the so-called saints in 
their Church calendar, and the figures of their 



22 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

saints which they make for ignorant persons to 
worship. (Acts vii : 43.) 

And Stephen in his sermon tells them that the 
Most High dwelleth not in temples made with 
hands, and he tells his hearers that they always re- 
sist the Holy Ghost, as their forefathers did, so do 
they ; that they persecuted the prophets, and that it 
was not possible to name a prophet whom they had 
not persecuted. Is it possible to name a prophet 
or scribe in these days whom they have not tried to 
persecute ? 

Stephen tells them in his sermon of the birth of 
Isaac, of Jacob, of Joseph in Egypt, of Jacob's 
death, and of Moses, and that Moses was learned in 
all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was mighty 
in words and deeds. I .pause here to say that Jesus 
being the prophet which Moses said : " The Lord 
your God shall raise up unto you, like unto me ; 
him shall ye hear." Here, then, we say, is one 
resemblance ; Jesus was mighty in words and deeds ; 
He was like unto Moses in that He has told us God's 
will as concerns our souls, and He leads us on in 
spirit as Moses led the children of Israel in their 
carnal bodies. Moses seeing one of them suffer 
wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was 



PAUL OF TAESUS. 23 

oppressed ; so Christ came to help those who suf- 
fer wrong. Moses trying to separate two fighting 
men and saying to them' : " Sirs, ye are brethren. 
Why do ye wrong one to the other." But the man 
who did wrong, thrust Moses away saying : " Who 
made thee a ruler and a judge over us ?" Now I 
pause in the sermon of Stephen to say that he 
doubtless preached Moses as referring to Jesus, for 
Jesus came to this earth to deliver our souls from 
the bondage of our bodies. He was learned in the 
wisdom of God, and he was mighty in words and 
deeds, but those about him did not understand him, 
the same as the children of Israel understood not 
that God by the hand of Moses would deliver them. 
If Jesus gained his learning in. human ways, and 
we wish to know this, we must hunt up the life of 
Jesus between the ages of twelve and thirty. We 
are told in the Bible that Jesus after being found in 
the temple disputing with the doctors, went back 
with his parents and was subject unto them, but we 
cannot believe that He was so until the age of 
thirt)'. However, when Jesus told those about Him 
that they were brethren, and should do to other as 
they would that others should do to them,, they 



24 PAUL Off TARSUS. 

answered Him, Who gave you this authority, and 
who made you a ruler and judge over us ? 

We now go on with Stephen's sermon. He tells 
them that Moses sees an angel as a flame of fire in 
a bush ; Moses trembled and was afraid to look, 
and Moses received the command of God. Then 
we read in this sermon of Stephen these words, 
" This is he that was in \\\e Church in the wilderness," 
and we ask who put in the word " Church" for we 
all know that it was a tabernacle with the children 
of Israel in the wilderness ; but, do I hear you say, 
it means not a place of worship, but an assembly of 
God's people. We answer that we know this, but 
we promised to give you Reflections on Paul accord- 
ing to the Bible ; therefore, we ask how came the 
word Church in this account of Stephen's sermon. 

Stephen then tells them that the people asked 
Aaron to make for them gods to go before them, 
and that they made a calf, and offered sacrifice unto 
the idol, a calf, and rejoiced in the works of their 
own hands. We ask who does not in these days 
rejoice in the work of their own .hands ? When 
Stephen tells his congregation that they murdered 
the Just One, it was then that those who heard him 
were cut to the heart, and gnashed on him with 



PAUL OP TAESUS. 25 

their teeth the same as angry animals gnash with 
their teeth. And Stephen being full of the Holy 
Ghost saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on 
the right hand of God. It is here we think 
that the last verse of the last chapter should be 
(" And all that sat in the council, looking stedfastly 
on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an 
angel "), for only seeing Christ could make the face 
like the face of an augel. 

These people now behaved as people behave in 
these days, when a scientific prophet is sent by God 
to tell them things which they do not know. They 
cry out with a loud voice, stop their ears and run 
upon him with one accord, and, they would if they 
could, cast him out of the city and stone him. So 
they stone Stephen, who said, " Lord Jesus receive 
my spirit," and " Lord lay not this sin to their 
charge. And when he had said this he fell asleep." 

Now Paul was the one persecuting Stephen ; he 
heard the sermon, 'he witnessed the death, he heard 
the last words ; he was the one who murdered 
Stephen, though by the hands of others, and we 
have no record here that Paul, himself, in his zeal, 
did not cast stones at Stephen. 

Paul continued the persecution of those who 



26 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

believed in Christ, and so great was that persecution, 
that the Christians were all scattered abroad 
throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria. And 
Paul made havoc of the Christians, entering into 
every house and haling men and women, committing 
them to prison. (The word " Church " used here 
does not seem to belong to the time of Christ, for 
there were then synagogues and temples, not 
churches. Who then wrote the Acts of the 
Apostles ?) 

Now Paul was continuing to slaughter, or murder 
the disciples of Jesus. This makes us think of St. 
Bartholomew's day in the slaughter of the 
Huguenots, only Paul's slaughter was more wide- 
spread and lasted longer. To carry it on he 
desired letters to the Damascus synagogues, from 
the high priests, which letters were to state that 
Paul had the power to bring bound to Jerusalem all 
who believed in Jesus Christ, be they men or women; 
their only offense was' that they believed in Jesus, 
and Paul hated Jesus. These victims of Paul had 
an inward belief in Jesus ; they believed what Jesus 
had told them of the immortality of their souls. 
But Paul hated something else, and that was the 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 27 

evident power over self and over others which this 
belief in Jesus gave to both men and women. 

As Paul journeyed to Damascus he thought on 
these things, for he was going to Damascus with 
one intent, which was to bind Christians and bring 
them to die at Jerusalem. He must have thought 
of their wonderful courage, their power over others, 
and the strength of their will which enabled them 
to suffer anything rather than give up their faith 
in Jesus and cease to preach Him. Also Paul must 
have seen signs done by the Christians, and being 
learned and not being able to do these signs him- 
self, or understand how they were done ; above all 
he had witnessed the death of Stephen, heard what 
Stephen had said, had seen his face as the face of 
an angel. Now Paul loved power over his fellow 
beings, he wished to.be a leader, he was fond of 
making discourses ; being eloquent he loved to 
stir up the people ; he saw that the disciples could 
stir up the people to such an extent, that they clung 
to their new belief even unto death. Saul had 
never heard any one whom he had murdered 
speak in dying of his spirit as being immortal, and 
as being sure that the living Jesus was able to 
receive that spirit after the death of Jesus and the 



28 PAUL OF TAJtSUS. 

death of Paul's victims. Nor had Paul ever heard 
one of his victims, as he died, cry with a loud voice, 
" Lord, lay not this sin. to their charge." As I have 
said before, Saul's vision on his way to Damascus 
may be true to the letter, but it may also mean the 
flash of lightning falling near enough to stun and 
blind Paul, and all with him may have felt the 
shock. I have also said before that Jesus under- 
stood the use of electricity, and that by it he 
worked the so-called miracles, being filled with 
electricity himself; and that electricity is one of 
the earth's attributes, arid by the evolution of man's 
mind he will learn more and more to use it. Also 
this account may mean that a light came to Saul's 
mind, so that he suddenly understood Jesus Christ, 
and his conscience told him that in persecuting the 
Christians he was persecuting Christ himself, and 
he asked himself, in his mind, What shall I do ? 
For he was on his way to Damascus to bind men 
and women, whom he was to bring to Jerusalem to 
die there, and he was authorized to do so. What 
then was he to do, having suddenly understood in 
his mind what, in truth, he was going to do. No 
doubt he thought of not going at all to the city, but 
on second thought he determined to go and find 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 29 

some of the disciples of Jesus and ask them what 
he was to do. Let me here say that what I have 
here written is for those who prefer not to take the 
old interpretation of Paul's conversion, and the 
Bible account literally. I wish to show that there 
can be truth in it though it holds no miracle. If 
written by Paul himself, it was the poetical way 
in which Paul wrote, the same as he uses the pieces 
of armor worn in his day when he writes of the 
armor of light (Romans xiii : 12), also the breast- 
plate of righteousness, feet shod with the prepara- 
tion of the gospel of peace, the shield of faith, the 
helmet of salvation, the sword of the spirit 
(Ephesians 6). And here I ask, Are we to take this 
literally ? Had Paul a visible breastplate, feet shod, 
a shield, a helmet, a sword, or were these poetical 
figures used by him in writing ? If so, then in all 
his writings he used such things as figures of 
speech. 

Saul's conversion to the Christian religion was 
thought out in his intelligent mind by himself in 
three days' meditation. So deep was the meditation, 
so lasting and unbroken, that he did not eat, drink or 
sleep. His coming to Damascus with letters to the 
Synagogue, and great authority from the high 



30 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

priest, could not have been a secret as he was very 
much feared by the Christians. Ananias says, " I 
have heard of this man, how much evil he hath 
done tovthe saints at Jerusalem, and the authority 
he has here from the chief priests." This being 
the case, Saul's three, days of meditation must have 
been known to the Christians, and we say, even in 
these days, that the scales fall from our eyes when 
we mean that we suddenly understand a thing. 

Paul was a learned man, and his preaching Christ 
and that Christ was the son of God would be noth- 
ing else but convincing and confounding to the 
Jews, who, like those of these days, when convinced 
of a new truth against their will, at once take coun- 
sel to kill the truth. The Jews to do this wished to 
kill the man who preached the truth ; in these days 
many try to kill the new truth or light, preached or 
written by a man, by turning him away from their 
church building, and try to kill his -writings. 

Mankind does always resist the Holy Ghost, which 
we all know now can only dwell in our minds or 
souls. And now we come to the proof of Paul's 
cowardliness. When he knew that they wished to 
kill him, he went by night and being let down in a 
basket over the wall, he escaped. This is the same 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 31 

Saul who had seen men and women die for their 
faith in Christ. How many women, think you, had 
Paul put to death. He must have seen their won- 
derful courage, for he must have witnessed their 
death. We know he had witnessed the death of 
Stephen, who could not escape the persecution of 
Saul, nor could the women escape. It seems to me 
that Paul should have died the same as his many 
victims, that is, died for his belief in Christ, and 
faced death. He was a Roman, .he was free, where 
was his courage? Those who wished to kill him 
had not the great power which he had when he- 
slaughtered women. Paul escapes from death, 
again at Jerusalem, he is brought by the forgiving 
Christians to Csesarea and sent to Tarsus, his native 
city. 

Now at the city of Antioch we find Saul among 
the prophets and teachers. These we are told min- 
istered unto the Lord and fasted. "Ministered 
unto the Lord " means that they taught spiritual 
things to those who heard them ; ^ind u fasted " 
meant in those days a different thing from what 
fasting means in these days. We mean now going 
without eating at all, but the fasting of those days 
must have meant refraining from eating enor- 



82 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

mously, for we have the example of what eating 
enormously is from the animals. They are torpid 
and unable to move, our carnal bodies are the same. 
How then can our minds think of spiritual things 
when our carnal bodies are torpid from overeating. 
Yet going without eating at all for an undue time 
would not make us see spiritual things right, for so 
long as the soul dwells in the body, it is, in a 
measure, subject to the body. 

These prophets and teachers, with their minds 
unclogged by the over- fed flesh, were able to see 
'and understand that Barnabas and Saul were the 
most fit to be sent out together, to teach and preach 
elsewhere. So Barnabas and Saul departed unto 
Seleucia, from thence to Cyprus and Salamis. 
There they preached in the synagogues of the Jews, 
and at Paphos they found a false prophet who was 
with the deputy, Sergius Paulus, a prudent man 
who called Barnabas and Saul to hear from them 
the word of God. Then Ely mas, the sorcerer or 
false prophet, withstood them, seeking to turn away 
the deputy from the faith. It is not difficult to 
understand Ely mas, for even in these days such a 
thing is done. Ely mas did not wish to lose the 
money which he gained from the deputy, and which. 



PAtTL OF TARSUS. 33 

he would be certain to do if the deputy listened to 
what Saul had to tell of the word of God, and which 
was directly opposite to what a sorcerer would tell 
him. Now we have seen that Saul was always full 
of zeal and fire, even when he put innocent women 
to death because they believed they had a right to 
their own conscience and to believe that their soul 
was immortal. Therefore, we can well imagine the 
fire of Saul's eyes when he set his eyes on Elymas, 
who dared to oppose Saul. Many had dared to 
oppose Saul even unto death. Saul's nature was 
well accustomed to resent any opposition, and death 
was the punishment he dealt out, therefore we 
think that this was the first time that he practised 
self-restraint, for he did not kill Elymas but only 
used some of the sorcerer's own means of making a 
person blind for a season, that is for a certain 
length of time, for there fell a mist and a darkness 
on the eyes of the sorcerer, who had to find some 
one to lead him by the hand. If this is Saul's first 
convert, and the convert's name was Paulus, we 
would ask, Is it the reason we are told here in the 
Bible that Sergius was called Paulus ? Is he named 
after Paul because being the first convert made by 



34 PAUL OF TAKSTTS. 

Paul, or was Saul here named Paul after Sergius 
Paulus? 

Paul was a man of high temper, a fierce, over- 
bearing character, inordinately fond of power over 
his fellow beings ; he would rule them by fear, he 
was cruel and without pity, even to the weak arid 
helpless. Had he lived later he would have reveled 
in the Spanish Inquisition and its horrors. The 
sufferings of his victims could give him pleasure. 
He was indeed a child of the devil, such as he here 
tells Elymas that he is, and what made this still 
worse and more terrible, Paul was cunning and 
clever, learned and eloquent, all of which .he had 
used to persecute the Church of Christ. In other 
words, those who believed in Christ ; so we find 
Saul to be in the Bible account. 

Now here we find Saul telling the sorcerer Elymas 
that he is full of subtility (which means cunning), 
and all mischief, that he is a child of the devil, an 
enemy of all righteousness, and asking him if he 
will not cease to pervert the ways of the Lord. 
This is truly strange, for Paul has been all this 
himself. One would say that it was Paul not Ely- 
mas who was being addressed, and what are we to- 
think of Paul's using the same means, of preventing 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 35 



Elymas from doing wrong, as we are told was used 
to prevent Paul from doing wrong. For Paul lost 
his eyesight for a season and had to be led by the 
hand, and did it take the trick of the sorcerer 
used by Paul to make the deputy believe In Christ. 
We think not, for we have found that when Christ 
used this power it was to restore the eyesight and 
not to make blind, through all his ministry on 
earth. The partial blinding of Saul at his conver- 
sion was caused by the flash of electricity. If 
Christ appeared to him it was by electricty, which 
is blinding. We read of no sign or miracle of 
Christ's but what was done to bless and not to curse. 
And we think that the Christians using this power 
after the death of Christ to do evil and not good, is 
the reason that they lost the power. They were 
not morally strong enough to bless their enemies, 
they always tried to curse and injure them. But 
Paul dared to say that the hand of the Lord made 
Elymas blind, that hand which blessed even those 
who were its enemies, that hand that did nothing 
but good to all whom it touched, even to healing 
the wounded ear of the soldier who went to bring 
Christ to his death. Paul had joined the Christian 
band, but this is no Christian act, to strike to blind- 



36 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

ness one who opposes you. Here we find the com- 
mencement of the harm which Paul has done to the 
Christian religion. He knew not the spirit of 
Christ, he could not understand it, and his inter- 
pretation of the life of Christ, in many respects, is 
false and wrong. All that Paul has written of the 
spiritual is what he heard the disciples of Jesus 
teach ; it is not innate in Paul. This bloody, cruel, 
persecuting man could not understand the spirit of 
Christ, for even the nearest apostles of Christ did 
not understand the spirit of Christ, as he himself 
tells them, when James and John wished to com- 
mand fire to come down from heaven and consume 
those who would not receive Jesus in their village. 
" Jesus turned and rebuked them, and said, Ye know 
not what manner of spirit ye are, for the Son of man 
is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save 
them." How does this agree with Paul's striking 
Elymas blind, or Peter, if he had anything to do 
with the death of Ananias and Sapphira? This 
man and woman who lied about money" matters, we 
think that if all who lie about money matters died 
suddenly when they did so, there would be but few 
living on this earth. But this act of Peter's as well 
as of Paul's, is not in the spirit of Christ. We, 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 3T 

therefore, say that the life of Jesus as given by the 
apostles is the only account we should study to find 
the spirit of Jesus, the example to us, and what he 
meant us to understand by that life. It was not to 
use the power he has given us to kill, to blind, or 
injure in any way our fellow beings, be they good or 
evil, if they do us good or wrong. The power is the 
spirit of Jesus, and by it we, by doing good, must 
overcome wrong, even if we suffer from it. Such 
is the example Christ has given us. The spirit is 
the motor for all our acts and thoughts in the body. 
We should let it work and advance, not clog it with 
the body so that it cannot move. 

I know not who wrote the Acts of the Apostles, 
but I know that it shows how soon evil crept into 
the little band of Christians. Satan, or Evil, was as 
busy then as now in animal children. The Christian 
life is no easy life for the animal body we dwell in, 
but he who' endeavors unto the end, this deadly 
fight between flesh and spirit, will be saved. 

To return to Paul we find that he and his com- 
pany went from Paphos to Perga in Pamph)'lia, 
John leaving him and returning'to Jerusalem. Per- 
haps John remembered the rebuke of Jesus, when 
they wished to call fire down on the village, and 



38 - PAUL OP TAESUS. 

thus John could not have approved the smiting 
blind of Elymas by Paul. The high temper of 
Paul, the gentleness of John, were not congenial, so 
he left Paul. 

Paul now comes to Antioch and went into the 
synagogue on the Sabbath day, and there preached 
a sermon to the Jews. He begins his sermon as 
Stephen did his, with the children of Israel in 
Egypt, and so on to David, and then to Jesus. The 
sermon of Stephen no doubt made a lasting impres- 
sion on Paul, ending as it did with the glorious 
death of Stephen. Paul's sermon was well received, 
but envy, that gift we have all received from Satan, 
stirred up the Jews against Paul, and they did as 
many in like circumstances do in these days when 
they envy one his power, they contradict and blas- 
pheme. And here Paul turns from the Jews to the 
Gentiles, and here we find that Paul created a 
dogma. He claims that he is chosen for salvation 
unto the ends of the earth. Now the popes have 
a similar dogma ; they claim that God has chosen 
them to be salvation unto the ends of the earth. 
Alas, for the earth, if this is so. I, the soldier and 
servant of Christ, pronounce this to be blasphemy 
against God who revealed unto us as far as we are 



PAUL OP TAKSUS. 89 

able to bear it, that our Christ is the one and only 
salvation unto the ends of the earth. The second 
dogma made by Paul is this : " As many as were 
ordained to eternal life believed." (Acts xiii.) 

This terrible dogma of preordained to be lost or 
saved, is unjust, cruel, tyrannical and of man's in- 
vention. No one, Jesus said, is good but God. If 
we are preordained to be lost, why try to be good 
and to be saved ? This is man's pride, so perman- 
ent in Paul that he flattered himself that he was 
preordained to be saved, others to be lost. Paul had 
all his life been very certain that others were 
wrong and must die. They were lost body and 
soul if they did not think as he did. Paul did 
not believe in the life of the soul when he put 
the Christians to death in the body, and now 
that he preaches the life of the soul his pride 
will not permit him to think otherwise than that 
others must be preordained to lose the eternal life 
of their souls. This is not the spirit of Jesus 
Christ. 

Before we end chapter thirteenth in Acts, we 
find that the Jews stirred up devout and honorable 
women against Paul, and expelled him from their 
coasts. This was an indignity which the pride of 



40 fAiTJL OF TAKSUS. 



Paul would not permit him ever to forgive these 
devout and honorable women. We see that these 
women had equal power with the men to expel 
Paul, and he, Paul, never did forget it or forgive it. 
These women objected to Paul's dogma of pre- 
ordaining persons to eternal life or eternal death or 
eternal punishment, and to the second dogma of 
Paul, which was, that Paul was chosen for the sal- 
vation of the whole earth. These women were 
stirred up by the men the same as ignorant women 
of these days can be stirred up by men who under- 
stand their weaknesses, but Paul never forgave 
these devout and honorable women, and when he 
had more power in the Church he writes, " I suffer 
not a woman to teach, but to keep silent in the 
Church." He dare not to say Christ suffers them 
not to teach. Women ! to whom Christ gave so 
many of his spiritual truths, as I have tried to show 
in my " Origin of Sin," that had Christ forbidden 
women to speak or teach, how much we would have 
lost that is precious to our souls now and forever, 
for he gave women many truths. 

We do not believe that Paul understood the 
spirit and teachings of Christ, and our reason for 
saying so is that Paul by his much preaching and 



AtJL OF >f AKSTJS. 4:1 

speaking at once began to make dogmas for the 
Churches. Now the teaching of Jesus was alto- 
gether free from dogmas. We now come to the 
third dogma, written in these words in Acts, 
" Except ye be circumcised after the manner of 
Moses, 3 r e cannot be saved." We pause here to 
ask any honest minded person, if there are not in 
all denominations such beliefs. Are we not told 
except we do so and so, or believe so and so, we 
cannot be saved, and do not these modern dogmas 
cause no small dissension and "disputation among 
Christians. Paul and Barnabas were sent to 
Jerusalem to settle this question of circumcision. 
Have we evolved to higher planes now, or do those 
who teach still dispute about such 'small things? 
Should not evolution continue in our minds so that 
we shotild be much further on the road of thought 
than Paul, who in ^his ignorance of God, invented 
the dogma worthy only of proud and cruel man- 
kind it's author that God who atone is good 
should preordain any one before their birth into this 
animal world to happiness and life eternal, or to 
suffering and to hell. Paul 'did not understand the 
spirit of Christ. 

Peter here has the sense to see that these Chris- 



42 PAtrr, OF TARSUS. 

tians by making yokes and placing them upon the 
necks of the disciples, were doing harm to the 
Christian religion ; he adds that " they were yokes 
such as neither our fathers nor we are able to bear." 
I pause here to ask, Are we to take this simile of 
yokes literally ? Were wooden or iron yokes 
placed around the necks of men, or does it mean a 
dogma,. an established principle or notion? Such 
as Paul later on puts upon the neck of women, which 
neither their mothers or they are able to bear. 

In chapter xv. o the Acts we find that hot tem- 
per of Paul, his pride, his overbearing, dominant 
will, causing a sharp contention. Paul was think- 
ing of himself and not of Christ. He was jealous 
that any one beside himself should receive any 
praise ; the disciples must have had a hard time with 
Paul. I find Paul so far all for himself, and by no 
means a lovable character and not a Christian at 
heart. As we go on in the Bible account we see 
that Paul does not hesitate to receive help from a 
woman Lydia, a seller of purple in the city of 
Thyatira. He goes twice to lier house and receives 
her hospitality when in need of it. Many men have 
done the same since the death of Paul and Lydia, 
and yet the yoke which Paul, not Christ, put upon 



J?AtJL OB* TARStJS. 3 

women still remains a heavy burden on them, only 
because the Roman Church and the other Churches 
after them believe Paul, rather than believe Christ. 
Paul in the city of Thyatira went through an "exper- 
ience which all must meet who try to change an 
evil habit into a good one. Those who gain money 
by any existing evil will act the same as the mas- 
ters of the damsel possessed with the spirit of divin- 
ation (in other words, a hypnotized girl), who when 
the damsel lost the power, by the command of Paul, 
who in the name of Jesus Christ bade the spirit to 
come out of her, then her masters stirred up the 
people against Paul who was beaten and thrown 
into prison. All reforms for the better cause a cer- 
tain amount of persons to lose money at first, 
that is those persons who love an evil way of gam- 
ing money, and these resist the new evorution to- 
ward a better state of things. And not only soci- 
ety, but even religious knowledge of the truths 
taught by Christ. Surely the priests living in the 
days of Christ, fought and resisted Him and finally 
murdered Him, because his teachings completely 
changed all religious belief of those clays. 

Now in Thessalonica we find, listening to Paul's 
preaching and believing on Christ, " of the chief 



I>AUL OF TARSUS. 

women not a few." The word chief here means of 
the first order, or class, and these women are men- 
tioned as being of importance, but Paul overlooked 
the fact that women are equal to men, and his teach- 
ing could not have been in the spirit of Christ, as he 
preached about earthly things and thereby makes a 
commotion and trouble. We also find that at Berea 
the honorable women who were Greeks believed, 
and they were not few in numbers. Here I have a 
word to say about these honorable women being 
mentioned so often as the converts of Paul. Cer- 
tainly we all wish both men and women who are 
worthy of honor to believe in Christ, but I ask what 
did " honorable women " mean in those days ? Did 
it mean the rich men and women, or men and women 
who were honored by a title and a high position in 
the community. If this is so it is a great contrast 
to what I read of Christ. The populace heard Him 
and heard Him gladly, the sinner and the sick 
heard Him. The poor had the privilege of hearing 
Him preach. He was always among them, doing 
them good in one way or another. Teaching them 
the way out of their sufferings caused by sins. He 
was accused by the proud of eating with sinners and 
being with them at all times. 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 45 

Now Paul seems to boast that his converts are 
among the rich and honored men, and he even 
boasts of his converts among women who were also 
honored. So far, Paul has told us only of converts 
who stood high in the social rich world. How dif- 
ferent, truty, this is from what we read of Christ. 
The poor, the lame, the blind, the sick of loathsome 
diseases, the persecuted, the depressed, these were 
the converts to Christ, and the recipients of his 
blessings. We find that Paul is accused of turning 
the world upside-down, that is, of putting things 
wrong, as it was understood by those who lived in 
his day. I find that Paul put things wrong, and as 
they were not meant to be, by giving to the world 
a wrong notion of woman's usefulness in the world. 
It is for women now to put the world back again on 
its right side in the same sense that we imderstand 
the above. We cannot explain it better than by 
quoting the Bible in these words, " Male and female 
created he them." Now we have heard it said 
that when the command was given to search the 
Scriptures, that the Scriptures were not written ; 
here we have, however, this verse in Acts xvii., 
" These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, 
in that they received the word with all readiness of 



46 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

mind, and searched the Scriptures daily, whether 
those things were so." What Scriptures, therefore, 
did they search ? Scriptures are the writings of 
scribes, and scribes were men who wrote, and Christ 
referred to the writings of the scribes when He 
said, " Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think 
ye have eternal life and they are they which testify 
of me." John v : 39. Therefore, those Scriptures 
were written before Christ spoke of them. 

The Christians, again, help Paul to escape and 
save his earthly life, and he is brought to Athens. 
Here Paul disputed in the synagogue with the Jews 
and with the devout persons, and they asked Paul 
what the new doctrine was which he set forth. 
Here we have the word " doctrine " in relation to 
Paul, and it is called " new." I find not earthly 
doctrine in the life of Jesus, it is all Scriptural. 
Paul then preaches his sermon on Mars Hill at 
Athens, and he tells the men of Athens that they 
are too superstitious. We cannot help thinking 
how many years ago that was, and yet superstition 
is to be found even now among Christians. The 
men of Athens had an altar to the Unknown God. 
These men of Athens were wise enough to under- 
stand that there is a God whom they could not 



PAUL OF -TARSUS. 47 

know ; nor do we know God except by what Christ 
has told us. We have only to listen to what those 
who call themselves Christians say of God to. feel 
very certain that they do not know God. Men have 
done many terrible things, thinking that they so 
pleased God. It is impossible to know God we 
can only hope to know God hereafter, when our 
souls are freed from the body. Christ has told us 
that, "No one has seen God but the Son," and we 
still ignorantly worship God as the men of Athens 
did. They had many devotions, are we in these 
days free from many devotions, and are not these 
many devotions still superstitious. Paul tells the 
men of Athens that he can declare God unto them, 
but can he, and does he do so ? He says that God 
made the world and all things, and does not dwell 
in temples made with hands. Now that God made 
all things in which there is good is very true, but 
we ask, Are all things in this world good? That 
God does not dwell in temples made with hands, 
that is by mankind, we believe, but do the Churches 
in these days also believe that God does not dwell 
in their temples ? A god dwelling in a temple is a 
pagan idea. 
Paul says God is not worshioed with man^s 



48 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

hands, seeing we have from God our life, which is 
our breath or soul. Paul also tells them that all 
nations on the face of the earth are made of one 
blood. We pause here to say that this is just what 
Mr. -Darwin proves in his grand work. Paul here 
brings in, however, his dogma of things being ap- 
pointed beforehand that unjust idea of God's 
goodness. He may be right in speaking of " times," 
and these " times " in the Bible may refer to evolu- 
tions of animal life on this earth ; also " the bounds 
of their habitations " may refer to their migration 
over the earth. Paul says they are to seek for the 
Lord, they are to feel after Him. This can only 
mean, think of Him and feel within their souls that 
they understand Him. The " Lord," meaning 
Christ, for in Him we find the Motor of our life and 
spiritual being, Paul then speaks of: the Greek 
poets who say that we are the offspring of God. If 
Paul is here speaking of our own souls, he says 
true, but Mr. Darwin has proved beyond a. doubt 
that our animal bodies are not the offspring of God, 
.and the Greek poets who allowed that they knew not 
God did not, of course, mean anything more than to 
: say that mankind was the offspring of their im- 
.agined gods. They in their self-pride wished to 



OF TARSUS. . 49 

believe that they were descendants of gods. Paul 
tells them that they must not think that God is like 
gold or silver, or stone graven by art aud man's 
device, and yet we see these things in churches 
even up to this our day. Paul says that God passes 
this over, now commanding all men everywhere to 
repent of this making of images. It is time now to 
advance to a higher understanding of God, since the 
world is to be judged by that ordained man raised 
from the dead. Paul here believes that Christ in 
his human body was man, and as man will be the 
judge of mankind. Having lived in the flesh on this 
earth and conquered the evils of the flesh, He, by 
experience, knows what we are capable of bearing 
and overcoming in the flesh. Therefore, He, Jesus, 
will be our judge hereafter. 

When the men of Athens heard of the resurrec- 
tion, they mocked, but some believed, and among 
the last we have the name of a woman, Damaris. 
Paul in one of his sermons tells us that in times 
past God suffered all nations to walk in their own 
ways ; they only check each other by the strongest 
overcoming the weakest, and we see no other chaek 
to nations except ignorance of all -sorts, and a re- 
fusal to follow advancement. 



50 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

Paul instead of breaking down the race prejudice 
which the Christian religion teaches us should be 
done, allows the prejudice to influence him ; for he 
circumcised the man named Timotheus, whose 
mother was a Jewess and whose father was a 
Greek, and he does this in fear of the Jews and 
before he permitted Timotheus to preach Christ. 
This race prejudice we get direct from our animal 
forefathers, for the animal species mostly flock 
together. It is innate in our animal nature, and 
since we evolved from our animal forefathers to 
mankind, capable of evolution in soul and mind, 
race prejudice has continued all over the earth. In 
our own free country is the only place where we 
find that race prejudice slowly fades away, the 
country of refuge for all nations whose children 
wish to be free in soul and mind. And when the 
soul nature triumphs the whole race of mankind 
will be Christian not before and then race pre- 
judice will no longer exist. Race prejudice existed 
strongly in the Jewish nation, as shown by the 
nations or races of men whom the Jews extinguished 
by their terrible wars. 

In Acts xvi : 13, we find that Paul here is a wit- 
ness to the truth that women are those who pray, 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 51 

for he went to the river side where prayer was wont 
to be made, and spoke to the women which resorted 
thither. Among them we find Lydia, and Lydia 
took Paul and his disciples to her house. No men- 
tion is made here of men. Women, then, whom 
Paul persecuted to death, were his only audience 
here and the only ones who gave him hospitality. 
In the same chapter we have the account of the 
3'oung woman who was hypnotized by her masters, 
and Paul understanding the art used the power, in 
the name of Christ, to loose the hypnotized woman. 
Her masters, angry at losing their money gains, 
acted the same as those who live in these days con- 
stantly do in similar cases they brought up the 
race prejudice in their argument, saying, These men 
being Jews, do exceedingly trouble the city and 
teach customs which . are not lawful for us to ob- 
serve, as we are Romans. And when the magis- 
trate sent the sergeants to let Paul and Silas out of 
prison, Paul's pride made him refuse to go. He 
was a Roman, he said, they must come in person 
and take him out of prison. Race was Paul's feel- 
ing. He does not say. that he was Christ's, but of 
the Roman nation, and the magistrates fearing the 
Romans, came themselves to take Paul out of prison. 



52 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

\ 

We have here race prejudice well defined in the 
account of Paul's life after his conversion to Christ, 
though he says that he is sent to the Gentiles. We 
ask, Did Paul understand Christ ? There is but one 
occasion in the life of Christ that came near to 
being race prejudice, but as the record gives it, it 
was only as a trial of a woman's faith, and this 
woman showed that her soul could rise above race 
prejudice. We find the account in Matthew xv., 
when answering the woman who asked him to have 
mercy on her daughter grievously vexed of some 
sin in the flesh. The record tells us, " But he 
answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost 
sheep of the house of Israel." The woman was 
from Canaan. 

In Acts xi. we find Barnabas taking Paul with 
him to Antioch where they remained a year preach- 
ing, also the disciples were first called Christians 
in Antioch. We pause here to ask, What did the 
word " Christian " mean in those days ? The name 
was given to the disciples, we suppose those who 
had been with Christ. Paul had not been with 
Christ. According to this record of the name, they 
were not called Christians during the lifetime of 
Jesus on this earth in the flesh, Christ gave no 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 53 

name of sect, or denomination, or Church, or creed, 
to his followers or to himself, save -that they were 
as his mother, brother and sister, if they did the 
will of God, and they then were the sons of God. 

We have in Corinthians i : 12, that every one said, 
I am of Paul, I, of Apollos, and I, of Cephas, and I, 
of Christ, and the question, " Is Christ divided ?" 
from Paul, shows that race question still was there, 
also, Paul's pride, for he places himself first and 
Christ last. The epistle is not written by Paul, as 
we are given the names of those who wrote it, but 
the epistle bears these words at the end, " The salu- 
tation of me, Paul, with my own hand," with the 
"Anathema Maranatha"of Paul. These are cur- 
ses such as a church calling itself Christian still 
uses against those who dare to think with the lib- 
erty of Christ. The Bible concordance tells me 
that " Anathema " means a thing set apart as sep- 
arated, put up in the temple of a god, consecrated, 
devoted, and " Maranatha," is an emphatic assertion 
of the apostle Paul in Chaldee or Syriac, meaning 
" Our Lord has come." 

So Paul is the one from whom we get Church 
anathemas. Anathema in the Webster's dictionary 
means an ecclesiastical curse and excommunication 



54: PAUL OF TARSUS. 

from the Church, and Maranatha means a curse. I 
find, therefore, that a thing devoted or set up in a 
temple to a false god, is a curse. Doubtless, it is a 
curse to the ignorant person who sets up anything 
to worship as a god, but I cannot see how the asser- 
tion that " Our Lord has come," can be turned into 
a curse, that is, if Paul here was speaking of Christ, 
for our Lord Jesus Christ came to bless, and not to 
curse, as the sermon on the mount testifies. 

Now the first epistle to the Corinthians, our Bible 
tells us, was written by Stephanus, Fortunatus, 
Achaicus, and Timotheus, Paul's disciples. My 
concordance tells me this, Stephanus was baptized 
by Paul. Fortunatus was a Corinthian Christian, 
mentioned by Paul. Achaicus was a Corinthian 
who visited Paul at Philippi. Timotheus was a 
young man of Lystra, son of Eunice, a Jewess, by a 
Greek father. Paul circumcised him and took him 
as his companion in travel, and addressed two 
epistles to him this is all that we are told about 
them. 

These four men were Paul's disciples. They 
wrote the epistle to the Corinthians at Philippi, 
where they all met, and were taught by Paul, and 
were of his way of thinking- in reference to the 



PAUL OF TAKSUS. 55 

teachings of Christ. We have in the last chapter of 
the epistle that " Timotheus worketh the work of 
the Lord, as I also do," he therefore was of Paul's 
school. I also find here in this epistle the founda- 
tion of the Roman Church which has nothing in 
common with the teachings of Christ. First we 
have the collections, money collected by the order 
of Paul this money must be ready when Paul ar- 
rives at Corinth, he will send some one to bring the 
money to Jerusalem. Now we all know that nothing 
can be done on this earth without money, yet in the 
record of the life of Jesus we see no such command 
as requisite to the kingdom of God. Paul says he 
will winter with them and they must bring him on 
his journey, no matter where he is going. Apollos 
was ordered by Paul to go to Corinth, but his will 
was not to go. They were to submit themselves to 
the house of Stephanus, then comes the curse if 
they love not the Lord Jesus Christ according to the 
teachings and commands of Paul. So we have read 
in history how the cruel Inquisition cursed those 
who saw not Christ or understood Him as those 
cruel men said they understood Christ. Their vic- 
tims loved the Lord Jesus Christ because He blessed 
and did not curse or put to death any one. But the 



56 PAUL OP TARSUS. 

pride of Paul, his cleverness, and his love of power 
over his fellow beings, made him distort what Christ 
had taught, and found a Church which cursed man- 
kind if they dared to seek after God in their souls, 
minds and hearts, as Christ had- told them to do. 
The Church of Paul forced them to say that they 
believed what they did not believe. He used his 
power and knowledge for evil and not for good of 
mankind. Many struggles have been made to free 
the world from believing untruths, but the men and 
women to whom God sent the light were persecuted 
and put to death, the same as Christ, their leader, 
who brought the great light to this earth, to free 
the animal children of sin from the consequences 
of sin. But they understood Him not, so dark was 
their mind, and so they put Christ to death the 
same as any animal would try to kill any one who 
tried to elevate it to a higher plane. 

Animal mankind did not understand the great 
power over nature which Christ came to tell them 
that they could have if they followed the way He 
showed them.. We must not forget that He said, " I 
have many things to tell you but you cannot bear 
them now." Man thinks that by killing those 
whom God sends to him to help him to overcome 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 57 

his animal descent, that he can go on being an 
animal and not be troubled about it any more. 
He forgets that the Prince of this world is Satan or 
Evil or Sin, as you choose to name the Prince, and 
that though man evolved from animal to his pres- 
ent form, in his nature are all the characteristics of 
the animal from which he evolved. Witness Cain, 
his first born, who murders his brother from 
jealousy, and to get Abel out of the way; bethought 
then he could have everything his own way. We 
ask, Did he have everything his own way ? I read 
that Cain was a fugitive in the earth and that it 
was the earth that cursed him. We do not yet un- 
derstand this record of Cain. A mark was set upon 
him so that no one should kill him, moreover seven- 
fold vengeance should be taken on him who slaugh- 
tered Cain. That Cain went out oE the presence of 
God, must mean that he lost from his soul the light 
from God, and became only an animal. This is a 
terrible record for those who have put to death in 
what they call the Church of Christ, those who 
would not believe the dogmas of the so-called 
Church. We can only be in the presence of God in 
our souls ; our animal bodies cannot live in the 
presence of God. 



58 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

Acts xviii. We have Paul making" and keeping 
vows, having shorn his head in Cenchrea. How 
little Paul understood Christ. A vow is to swear 
to something. In Matthew v. we are told by Christ, 
Swear not at all, neither by heaven, for it is God's 
throne, nor by the earth, for it is his footstool, 
neither by Jerusalem, neither by thy head. So 
Paul, not understanding what Christ taught and 
preached, brought into the Christian religion those 
old, foolish customs, such as vows and curses. Paul 
.thought nothing of John's baptism, and yet Jesus 
went to John to be baptized. 

Acts xix. We find Paul separating the disciples 
and disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus ; 
so here we find Paul founding and starting dis- 
putes in the Church of Christ, having things all his 
own way the same as the Roman Church does in 
these days. Quarrels about small things and mak- 
ing dogmas grievous to be borne and placing them 
on other men's shoulders. As Paul was a man of 
quick, domineering temper, the disciples being 
taught by Jesus to control their temper, -yielded to 
Paul, who being a worldly, educated man had that 
advantage over them, though they themselves did 
not wholly understand Christ, as the record shows. 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 59 

Then we come in Acts to the man with the evil 
spirit as being adjured by the name of Jesus, whom 
Paul preacheth. This was done by Jews whom 
Paul calls vagabond Jews. The answer of the man 
adjured is not in keeping with the Christian 
religion, but it is in keeping with the Roman 
Church, the answer being, " Jesus I know, and 
Paul I know, but who are ye ?" We turn to Mark 
ix : 38, and find that when the disciples said to Jesus 
that they saw one casting out devils in his name, 
and as the man did not follow them, they forbade 
him to cast out devils in the name of Jesus. But 
Jesus said, "Forbid him not, for there is no man 
which shall do a miracle in my name that can 
lightly speak evil of me." Therefore I understand 
this failure (if the account is true) to be the addi- 
tion of Paul's name. The Jesus whom Paul 
preached was not the Jesus called Christ. 

In Corinthians we find, " I, of Paul, I, of Cephas, I, 
of Apollos, I, of Christ." This shows how many 
denominations there were, as early as this, in the 
Christian religion, and we owe this division to Paul. 
Each of these schools had their dogmas, and each 
understood and preached Christ as they individually 
imderstpod the religion, just as in our days, Baptist, 



GO PAUL OF TARStfS. 

Methodist, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Congregational, 
Unitarian, Roman Catholic, and many more. This 
reminds us of some verses found in an old scrap 
book of sixty years ago. I here give them, as they 
still teach a lesson. 

THE CHILD MARKET. 

Who bids for the little children, 

Body, and soul, and brain. 

Who bids for the little children, 

Young and without stain ? 
" We bid," said Pest and Famine, 
" We bid for life and limb, 

Fever, and pain and squalor, 

Their bright young eyes shall dim." 

" I bid," said Beggary, howling. 
" I'll buy them, one and all, 

I'll teach tham a thousand lessons, 

To lie, to skulk , to crawl." 
" And I'll bid higher and higher," 

Said Crime, with a wolfish grin, 
" For I love to lead the children, 

Through the pleasant paths of sin." 

" Oh, shame," cried true religion, 
" Oh, shame, that this should be. 

I'll take the little children, 

I'll take them all to me. 



PAUL OF TAESUS. 61 

I'll raise them up with kindness 
From the mire in which they're trod, 
I'll teach them words of blessing, 
I'll lead them up to God." 

" You're not the true religion," 

Said a sect, with flashing eyes. 
" Nor thou," said another, scowling, 
" Thou'rt heresy and lies." 
" You shall not have the children," 

Said a third, with shout and yell, 

You are anti-Christ and bigot ; 

You'd train them up for hell." 

And England, sorely puzzled 
To see such battle strong, 
Exclaimed with voice of pity, 
" Oh, friends, you do me wrong. 
Oh, cease your bitter wrangling, 
For till you all agree, 
I fear the little children 
Will plague both you and me." 

But all refused to listen. 

Quoth they, " We bide our time." 

And the bidders seized the children, 

Beggary, Filth and Crime. 

And the prisons teemed with victims, 

And the gallows rocked on high, 

And the thick abomination 

Spread reeking to the sky. 



62 PAUL OF TAKSUS. 

Had the author of these lines lived in these days, 
he would have added to Crime, Ignorance ; and he 
would have known that no child \vas born into the 
world without a stain the first stain is the animal 
descent. The second stain is more or less deter- 
mined by what the parents have been in their ani- 
mal life. 

We return to Acts and are told there that many 
who had books of curious arts, brought them and 
burned them. This was Paul's work ; he was the 
founder of the Roman Church, who burn or destroy 
all books which do not agree with their dogmas. I 
read nowhere that Christ commanded books of art 
to be destroyed. These curious arts may have been 
scientific books which do no harm except in the 
hands of the Roman Church. But Paul in his pride 
wished to be at the head of the Christian Church, 
and not regarding the liberty which Christ gave to 
the souls of his followers, he, Paul, at once took the 
liberty away. In founding the Roman Church, his 
fellow-men were not to think but as he, Paul, chose 
them to think. Paul, true to the Church he founded, 
knows the value of money, for we are told that the 
books which were destroyed were valued at fifty 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 63 

thousand pieces of silver. Christ, the record says, 
had no money ! 

In Acts xix. We have the race prejudice. In the 
confusion in the city of Ephesians, caused by Paul 
and money matters of the silversmiths, when a man 
named Alexander wished to speak to the people. 
When they knew that he was a Jew, they behaved 
very much like idiots, for they cried out for two 
hours, that, " Great is Diana of the Ephesians." We 
notice that it is Diana of the Ephesians it was not 
the goddess Diana of other cities, or other pagan 
sects, but the idol Diana made of silver or gold of 
the city Ephesus. We are worse than pagans, for 
the sects declare that the dogmas of their Church is 
the only true understanding of Christ there are 
many sects in all cities, and lands and countries. 

This account of the statue of Diana, which was 
said to have fallen down from Jupiter, the king 
among the pagan gods, reminds me of my visit to 
Einsiedeln in Switzerland. I was there at the time 
of the pilgrimage of high festival. This is the tra- 
dition. The Abbey was founded in the time of 
Charlemagne. A chapel was built in honor of a 
miraculous image of the Virgin. The man who 
built the chapel was assassinated. The ravens, 



P>4: PAUL OF TARSUS. 

which were his pets, followed the assassins to Zurich 
where they were arrested. A bull of Pope Leo 
XIII. confirmed the miracle and accorded plenary 
indulgences to all who should perform the pilgrim- 
age to " Our Lady of the Hermits." Now these are 
the facts. The offerings of the crowd of worshipers 
were a source of great wealth to the Abbey, after 
St. Gall it became the richest Abbey in Switzerland. 
The Emperor Rudolf of Hapsburg created its 
Abbott Prince of the Empire in 1274. Its dignitary 
lived in almost a regal magnificence, exercising 
supreme authority over an extensive district. In 
the Roman Catholic cantons in Switzerland, in these 
days, the abbott is styled " Prince of Einsiedeln " 
(the Prince of the world is Satan, as Christ said), 
and is invested with considerable power. When 
the French invaded the country in 1798, they seized 
the greater part of the treasures, but the Fathers 
rescued the image of the Virgin, the chief object of 
their veneration (and, I add, the chief object of 
their money gains). The number of pilgrims 
amounts to 150,000 annually. The greater propor- 
tion belong to the ignorant and poorer classes. 
They are paid by the rich to perform an act of de- 
votion by deputy. In the open space before the 



, PAUL QF TARSUS. 65 

church are two fountains, but as it is not certain 
which is the right one, the pilgrims drink of both so 
as not to make a mistake. Near the church there are 
stalls where missals, images of saints, rosaries, med- 
als, crucifixes, and similar articles are offered for sale. 
So extensive is this traffic that at Beuziger's Li- 
brary, no fewer than twelve printing presses, twenty 
lithographic presses, sixty bookbinders, and one 
hundred and fifty colorists are constantly em- 
ployed. 

In the interior of the church stands the chapel of 
the Virgin, of black marble, the " Sanctum Sanc- 
torum," with a grating, through which, illuminated 
by a solitary lamp, a small image of the Virgin and 
Child is visible, richly attired and adorned with 
crowns of gold and precious stones. At the back of 
the chapel is the following inscription, " Begging is 
prohibited in this church under pain of corporal 
punishment." I have copied this 'account from a 
guide book of Switzerland. 

These are my thoughts Charlemagne lived many 
years ago. Our minds have evolved since then. It 
is impossible for us to understand the value of the 
pilgrimage to these poor people, so imposed upon 
by those who know better, I doubted that there 



66 PAUL OF TAKSUS. 

was anything more in the minds of the pilgrims 
whom I met on the road, then that they were on a 
pleasure trip whicli would give them some advan- 
tage over their friends whom they had left in their 
native -village. They were in a large company of 
men and women all of whom believed that their 
journey to worship. a statue was highly pleasing to 
God. .When I saw these ignorant people kneeling 
before the statue, I prayed that God might forgive 
not them, but the Shepherds of that flock, those who 
had taught them these abominations, those who 
had willfully deceived them, simply to gain the 
treasures of this world's wealth. We also thought, 
as we watched them, that mankind must have some 
tangible object to worship, there is no greater 
proof that they have not yet evolved from being 
only animals. They are not able to worship God in 
spirit as Christ came to tell them they must do if 
they wish to be the children of God, for God is a '. 4 
Spirit, and they who worship Him must worship 
Him in Spirit and truth. This church at Einsiedeln,, 
we were told, was the Roman .Catholic Church. 

Acts xx. Paul we find 'had his own disciples 

' - . ""''".' .-'' 

Some of their names are given to us. These men 

helped to spread the Church of Paul, with Paul, who 



s 



",* 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 67 

preached very long sermons when he was founding 
his Church, and he forgot not to boast of all he had 
done. He also knew that others would do as he had 
done, that is, he would draw 'disciples after him and 
found different schools. We have in Acts how 
Paul went with four men, who had a vow, into the 
temple, and the Jews of Asia seeing Paul with men 
in the temple, supposed that the men were Greeks 
(race prejudice). They made a tumult and wished 
to kill Paul, and Paul then made his well known 
address to the people. In it I find that he speaks of 
the "laws of the fathers." In the Roman Church 
we hear of the laws of the fathers. Paul, then, 
brought the "laws of the fathers " into the pure 
religion which Christ gave us, and the fathers are 
believed first and not the words of Christ. In Acts 
xxiii. we find Paul again making a tumult and caus- 
ing a dissension "between Pharisee and Sadducee, 
4 and dividing the multitude and making a great dis- 
^ sension. He is cute and clever enough to do this so 
as to use it for himself. And then we are told that 
Paul is sent by the Lord to Rome, and there Paul 
founded the Roman Catholic Church, so widely dif- 
ferent from the religion given unto us by Christ. 
Before this we are told of Paul's speaking before 



68 . PA.UL OF TARSUS. 

Agrippa, and this chapter in Acts, I think, is certainly 
written by Paul himself. At Rome he founded the 
Church which claims earthly powers, and wealth and 
glories of this earth ; all of which Christ refused 
when Satan offered them to Him in the temptation. 

All through the Old Testament we find that we 
are advised to fear. Men judged God to be like 
them ; to Him they attributed these characteristics. 
He was to be feared. He was revengeful. It was 
his right hand which brought mighty things to pass, 
anger, scorn, jealousy, all these were possible 
things to God. And leading and fighting the wars 
of the Jews. Leviticus xxv : 17. 

" Thou shalt fear thy God." Psalms cxxxv : 10. 
" He smote divers nations and slew mighty kings." 
i Kings ix : 9. " Therefore hath the Lord brought 
upon them all this evil." Nahum i : 2. 

" God is jealous and the Lord revengeth. The 
Lord will take vengeance on his adversaries, and 
he reserveth wrath for his enemies." Psalm ii : 4. 

" He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh, the 
Lord shall have them in derision." 

There are many more examples in the Old Testa- 
ment that show how men judged God to be like 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 69 

themselves, Christ came to tell them that they did 
not know God. 

Matthew v : 7 " Blessed are the merciful for they shall 

see God." 

" Blessed are the peacemakers, they are the children of 

God." 

Luke vii : 43 " I suppose he to whom he forgave most." 
Matt, vi : 12 " Forgive us our debts as we forgive." 
Matt, xii : 31 " All manner of sin shall be forgiven." 
Mark ii : 5. " Son, thy sins are forgiven thee." 
Matt, v : 39 " Resist not evil." " God maketh the sun to 

rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the just 

and on the unjust." 

I see nowhere in the life of- Christ where He 
laughed any one to scorn and derision. Scorn and 
derision belong to man's evil nature ; they have 
that feeling when they judge themselves superior 
to their fellow beings, and think that they are in- 
capable of making a mistake. 

In i. Corinthians x : 22, we have Paul in his pride 
asking this question, " Do we provoke the Lord to 
jealousy, are we stronger than he ?" The word 
" Lord " may mean God or Christ. If it means 
God, Paul, then, is judging God according to man's 
characteristics. "Jealousy," and " stronger than 
another," how incapable was Paul or those who 



?0 PAUL OF TABStTS. 

wrote tinder his name, to understand the God and 
Father of Jesus Christ. In asking this question, 
Paul shows us that he did not understand Jesus 
Christ. How could such a question come into 
Paul's mind that such a question could even be 
broached in referring" to God ! Again we find in 
Acts xx., that the disciples of Paul wished to make 
Paul another Christ ; this could only have been by 
Paul's consent. 

In Acts we have Paul hastening to be in Jerusa- 
lem the day of Pentecost, and saying : " Now 
behold I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, 
and know not the things that shall befall me there, 
save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city 
bonds and afflictions abide with me ; but none of 
these things move me," and that they to whom he 
spoke these word, would see his face no more, and 
he counted not his life dear unto himself. This is 
evidence that Paul thought that, like Jesus, he was 
going to Jerusalem to die there. 

Now in Matthew x. we have what Christ tells us 
about fear. " Fear not them which kill the body, 
but are not able to kill the soul." " Fear ye not, 
therefore, ye are of more value than many spar- 
rows." In Luke v : 10, Jesus said unto Simon, 



PAUL OF TAK8TJS. 71 

" Fear not." Therefore, the only thing to fear is 
that our sins may separate our souls from the 
kingdom of God. We fear we may go backward to 
the animal life, instead of forward in the evolu- 
tion of our souls and minds. 

In Ecclesiastics iii., we have these words, " I 
said in my heart concerning the estate of the sons 
of men, that God might manifest them, and that 
they might see that they themselves are beasts, for 
that which befalleth the sons of men, befalleth 
beasts ; even one thing befalleth them, as the one 
dieth, so dieth the other. Yea, they all have one 
breath, so that a man hath no pre-eminence above 
a beast, for all is vanity." 

Manifest means make it clear to the minds of 
men, to show this thing to be truly so. All go 
unto one place, all are of dust, and all turn to dust 
again. Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth 
upward and the spirit of beast that goeth down- 
ward to the earth. Thus the preacher shows us 
that he believes in a life which makes the differ- 
ence between the sons of men and beasts, and it is 
the only difference, but he tells us this, " Who 
knoweth ?" I answer, I do ; for Christ has shown 



72 PATH, OP TARSUS. 

me that the spirits of the sons of men go upward 
to eternal life when the body returns to dust. 

PAUL'S CHARACTER. 

The disciples of Paul had the great advantage of 
hearing direct from disciples of Jesus much about 
Christ's teachings, and in the epistles they have 
remembered and recorded the spiritual of Christ. 
They have written the epistles in the name of Paul, 
but Paul was incapable of creating such thoughts. 
In studying Paul's character we find it to be cruel, 
as the Bible shows, in that he put to death men 
and women because they worshiped God accord- 
ing to the light in their souls and minds, and Paul 
did not wish any to have such independence. We 
find this in Acts viii : 1-3 ; Acts ix : 1-2. 

Paul was a coward and could not face death. 
Acts ix: 25. Paul understood how to hypnotize 
another person, and he used the power to do harm 
and not good. Acts, xiii : 9-11. Right after this 
we read that John separated from Paul and Barna- 
bas and returned to Jerusalem. Acts xiii : 13. No 
doubt he approved not of Paul's method of making 
converts to the Christain religion or belief in 
Christ, Christ who never used the power' He pos- 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 73 

sessed but to bless and restore to health and to 
sight, those to whom he wished to show what the 
spirit of God could do in the flesh. 

Paul was arrogant and proud. He claims in his 
sermon at Antioch that he is the man chosen to de- 
clare unto the people the work of God through 
Christ. Here then we have the foundation of the 
Roman Church, and it is Paul who, not tmdestand- 
ing Christ at all, founds the Roman Church and 
other Churches which have retained so much from 
the Roman Church, using any power which they 
may possess to harm, to injure, and to put to death 
all who dared to think for themselves, and who un- 
derstood Christ. History gives us a long, long list 
of men who accepted Paul's version of the Chris- 
tian religion. Those who believed not in the tra- 
dition of men were tortured and put to death. All 
over the world 'and in every nation calling itself 
Christian we shall find that they have followed 
Paul and not Christ. 

Envy. That passion which has done so much 
harm to the Christian belief. Acts xiii,: 45. We 
are here told that the Jews only spake against the 
sermons of Paul because he had a large audience 
to listen to him. Self and selfish then were the 



74 FAUL OF TARSUS. 

Jews and also Paul. A violent temper was Paul's. 
Here he shows this trait in his character by telling 
the Jews who contradicted him, that they were un- 
worthy of everlasting life, and that he, Paul, had 
been chosen by God as a salvation unto the ends of 
the earth. This, to my mind, is blaspheming on 
Paul's part. He does not tell us what the blas- 
phemy of the Jews was, for contradicting is not 
blaspheming. Unless the words are given whereby 
we can judge, we have no right to say the Jews 
blasphemed. I ask here, How many Church denom- 
inations are those who claim that their traditions 
are the only salvation unto the ends of the earth ? 
They get this from Paul and not from Christ. Paul 
tells us in his epistle to the Philippians that we are 
to work out our own salvation with fear and trem- 
bling, which is true. But how then is Paul the salva- 
tion unto the ends of the earth. 

Proud. Paul was proud and conceited. He was 
not willing that John, whose surname was Mark 
(Acts xv.), should go with him in his visitations 
to the churches, because he, Paul, had done the 
work, and the quarrel between Paul and Barnabas 
was so sharp that they departed asunder, one from 
the other. Here then is a split in the Church 



OP TARSUS. 5 

founded by Paul, who wanted all the power himself 
and the earthly glory as I read Paul's charac- 

ter he became a Christian because he saw what ad- 
vantage and power it would give him over his 
fellow beings. He did not and could not under- 
stand Christ. So he, Paul, founded a Church which 
he called the Christian Church, and which at once 
was divided by dogmas, and by traditions of men, . 
and is still divided by the same, and which has 
done many terrible and dreadful things saying that 
they acted in the name of Christ. I read not in the 
record of the life of Christ that He tortured and put 
to death any one, not even his bitterest enemies. 
Do I hear you, reader, exclaim at this assertion as 
being dreadful even to think that Christ should have 
done so. Well, then, why have those calling 
themselves Christians tortured and put to death in 
the name of Christ hundreds of their brothers and 
sisters on this earth ? I only here ask you this 
question how can you answer it? .Acts xvi 4 : 37. 
Paul's pride would not permit him to leave the 
prison until the magistrates came and besought him. 
This was not because he was a Christian but be- 
cause he was a Roman. He thought more of that 
honor, than of being Christ's. 



T PAUL OF TARSUS. 

Romans vii." That sin, at first dead, continued 
without life until it was quickened through the 
command." Paul must have meant by this that 
sin in all earthly life and before animal evolved 
into mankind, sin was dead, because animal knows 
not that sin is sin, until evolved into man and able 
to understand by knowledge that sin is sin and offen- 
sive to God. The commandment against it quick- 
ened sin because we then by trying to overcome it, 
feel and know its force. I ask what else could 
Paul have meant. Romans iii : 20. If the law was 
not revealed to make man just, God must have 
had another aim in creating it. If this is so, what 
other aim could there be but to give men a rule 
whereby they could train the animal in which they 
dwell to be subservient to the spirit within them 
and so evolve more and more into intelligent 
beings. 

It has been said that to Paul we owe the spiritu- 
ality of the Christian religion and the giving of the 
Christian religion to the Gentiles. This I deny, as 
the acts and words of Jesus prove that to Christ 
alone we owe spirituality and the universal offer of 
the Christian religion to the world at large. 

We have the words of Jesus before the words of 



PAUL OF TARSUS. 77 

Paul, for Christ said, " God is a spirit and they that 
worship him must worship him in spirit and truth." 
" It is the spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth 
nothing. The words that I speak unto you they 
are spirit and they are life." 

And Paul was not the first missionary, he 
simply imitated Jesus who went from country to 
country, from city to city, teaching the kingdom of 
God. To Samaria, where the Jews had no dealings 
with the- Samaritans ; to Galilee, Decapolis, Jeru- 
salem, Judea, and beyond the Jordan. 

From Paul we have anathemas and curses in the 
Church calling itself Christian. From Christ we 
have, " Blessed are the poor in spirit." " Blessed 
are they that mourn." "Blessed are the meek." 
" Blessed are the merciful." " Blessed are the pure 
in heart." " Blessed are the peacemakers." 

From Paul we have excomunication in the Church 
calling itself Christian, with the idea that to destroy 
a person bodily would be the only way to save the 
soul of the destroyed person. From Christ we 
have,'* Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar 
and there rememberest that thy brother hath 
aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the 
altar and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy 



78 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

brother and then come and offer thy gift." " Love 
your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to 
them that hate you, and pray for them which 
despitefully use you and persecute you." 

Paul pronounces his anathema on any one who 
should preach another gospel from his, even if he 
were an angel from heaven. 

From Paul we have that not every one who 
sought to proclaim the gospel could be a servant of 
Christ. From Jesus we have, when John said, 
Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name 
and we forbade him because he followed not with 
us ; and Jesus said, Hinder him not, for there is no 
man which can do a miracle in my name that can 
lightly speak evil of me. 

From Paul we have the idea that what we give to 
the poor or to the Church or to others, we shall 
receive what we give again, if not on this earth, 
then by spiritual blessings, which is making a busi- 
ness bargain with God, and lowering the soul of 
mankind. From Christ we have the elevating 
thought, "When ye shall have done all these things 
which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable 
servants ; we have done that which was our duty 
to do." 



PAUL OF TAKSUS. 79 

We find that Paul could not bear an insult, and 
his fight with the Churches which agreed not with 
him, was because the insult had not been retracted. 
We turn from this to the insults which Christ bore 
and suffered. They went out to take Jesus as 
though He was a thief, with swords and staves. 
They spite in his face and buffeted Him, and smote 
Him with the palms of their hands, they, mocked 
Him with the whole band of solidiers, they stripped 
Him and put on Him a scarlet robe, also a crown 
of thorns, they smote Him on the head and mocked 

and crucified Him. 
From Paul we have that we should not reap on 

another man's field in missionary work. From 
Christ we have, " I sent you to reap that whereon 
you bestowed no labor, other men labored and ye 
are entered into their labors." Let me here say that 
if this was not true, we of these days would not be 
enjoying many spiritual and many earthly bless- 
ings. 

Paul could indulge in sarcasm. Jesus when He 
was reviled, reviled not again. 

Paul therefore brought many evils into the Chris- 
tian Church, and so brought to the name of Christ 



80 PAUL OF TARSUS. 

the hatred of the heathen, and of all whom the 
Church would bind with the dogmas of Paul. Cruel 
in the extreme has been the Roman Church they 
have prevented the growth of the Truth in Christ. 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

[81] 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

" The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters." 
Gen.i:2. 

We have in Genesis the evolution of this earth. 
Evolution belongs to God's works alone. Genesis 
tells us of the first evolution from " the earth was 
without form " unto Adam and Eve. The Spirit of 
God does not remain inactive, but continues to send 
more light into the minds of men. And since the 
Spirit moved upon the face of the waters in the 
beginning of this earth, it has continued at differ- 
ent times to move upon the face of this earth, and is 
what Science of these da)*s has named Evolution. 
Evolution is the Spirit of God moving upon the face 
of the waters. 

Water is one of the elements of this earth, and in 
the plural means all the elements, and we should 
class electricity among the elements, and the Spirit 
of the Lord comes to us hy the element electricity, 
and having performed the evolution in the carnal 
[83] 



84 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

life, it now continues to move in the soul and mind 
of mankind. It is this that Christ tried to make 
his disciples understand. He had the power to see 
that the men He chose as his disciples had more 
than the carnal element within them, they did not, 
however, fully understand Jesus at first ; but after 
the death of Jesus the Spirit of God moved upon 
them, and they understood better the spiritual life 
of Jesus and his teachings, that the spiritual life 
must begin on this earth in every soul and continue 
to perfection in the spiritual life hereafter. 



" But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal 
the book ; even to the time of the end ; many shall 
run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased." 
Daniel xii. 

Certainly in these days many run to and fro, and 
by steamers, railroads, telegrams, knowledge is 
increased all over the world and the book of this 
earth is being opened by science. We live, then, 
in the times prophesied by the prophet. 

In the New Science Review, October, 1894, I read 
these words : 

" In most operations mechanical force passes to 



DAEWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPKOIES. 85 

the heat form without passing through the electric 
form ; but whenever magnetism is brought into 
play as a resistance that must be overcome, this 
resistance always becomes electricity, if only mo- 
mentarily, in its passage from the mechanical to 
the heat form." In the Bible I read that Jesus told 
his disciples that if they had faith even as small as 
a mustard seed, they could say to the mountain, Be 
thou cast into the sea, and it would be so. I under- 
stand this to mean that had we faith to understand 
what science can do, we would have the power over 
the elements of this earth the same as Christ had, 
but mankind using them for evil and not for good, 
lost the power after the death of Christ, but will 
regain it by patient study in science. Christ per- 
formed all the so-called miracles by his power and 
comprehension of the elements of this earth, this 
gift he had from God, and so became the Son of 
God, and He- said that his disciples could do the 
same had they the faith to believe that they could 
do so. We must not forget that the disciples were 
always with Christ and that He taught thefti many 
things. 

Now Mr. Darwin had faith to. believe that if he 
persevered in his study he would find out the great 



86 DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OP SPECIES. 

truth which he gives us in his books Evolution, 
which I call the Spirit of God moving upon the 
face of the waters. 

St. Matthew xxiii : 34, 37. " Wherefore, behold, 
I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and 
scribes, and some of them ye shall kill and crucify, 
and some of them shall ye scourge in your syna- 
gogues, and persecute them from city to city," " O 
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the proph- 
ets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, 
how often would I have gathered thy children to- 
gether, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under 
her wings, and ye would not." These words were 
spoken by my Lord and Master when He spoke of 
the unwillingness of those about him to receive the 
new truths which he gave them, the scribes and 
Pharisees of those days Christ pronounced to be 
hypocrites, and full of iniquity ; and these men 
were the teachers of those days, and. they resisted 
the teachings of Christ, and were blind guides to 
the people, and Christ told them that they shut up 
the kingdom of heaven, they neither went in them- 
selves nor let others go in. Now to the world 
many have been sent with knowledge of truths, but 
because these truths show forth the hypocrisy and 



DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 87 

the mistakes which the old teachers have made in 
their ignorance of a subject, they resist and perse- 
cute the new teachers. Certainly Mr. Darwin was 
a wise man, a scribe, and a prophet. With many 
years of honest labor to seek the truth, he gives to 
the world the knowledge he has gained, he finished 
the work he was sent to do, and accomplished an 
onward step in the evolution of the minds and souls 
of those who here dwell in the animal nature in- 
herited of Satan. But Satan will always resist ev- 
olution in knowledge of the truth ; for Satan, which 
is flesh and blood nature, cannot enter the kingdom 
of heaven and will prevent the soul from doing so, 
by resisting knowledge. I have just carefully read 
Mr. Darwin's book, " The Origin of Species." I 
have done so to see what I could find to suppojt 
my theory that in our human bodies and the nature 
belonging to the body of flesh and blood we were 
created or descended from Evil, be it called Satan, 
the Devil, the old Serpent, or the old Adam. That 
our souls alone are from God, in them exists all 
the good that is in us, there is a constant fight go- 
ing on as Mr. Darwin shows by his work, in the 
world at all times, from the smallest insect up to 
mankind, including mankind, and Christ has told 



88 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

us including good and evil, and between our souls 
and bodies there is a constant struggle and cease- 
less fighting. I read in Mr. Darwin's book that 
" The laws governing inheritance are for the most 
part unknown, no one can say why the child often 
reverts in certain characteristics to its grandfather 
or grandmother or more remote ancestors. It is a 
fact of some importance to us, that peculiarities ap- 
pearing in the males of our domestic breeds are 
often transmitted either exclusively or in a much 
greater degree, to the males alone." I here ask the 
reader to remember that I have said that I am giv- 
ing from Mr. Darwin's book portions which to my 
mind (not his) seem to strengthen my theory of 
our descent. To the males then is transmitted in 
greater degree the characteristics of Satan, than to 
the females. 

Darwin. " The earliest known record of pigeons 
is in the fifth Egyptian dynasty about 3000 B/C." 
I suggest that the quail in the desert sent to Moses 
for the people to eat, may have been pigeons. 

Darwin. " Breeders habitually speak of an an- 
imal's .organization as something plastic." I ask, 
Can you not so mould yourself and character and 
your offsprmg as they do ? 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 89 

"That which enables the agriculturist, not only 
to modify the character of his flock, but to change 
it altogether." I say, So should we stop the breed- 
ing of evil and criminal children of criminal 
parents. 

" Not one man in a thousand has accuracy of eye 
and judgment sufficient to become an eminent 
breeder of animals; if gifted with these qualities, 
and he studies his subject for years and devotes his 
life-time to it with indomitable perseverance, he 
will succeed." I say that the same may be said of 
those who would elevate the mind and soul of man- 
kind ; we must be trained by practise. 

" The seed raisers do not pick out the best plants, 
but merely go over their seed beds and pull up the 
' Rogues.'" So should we do in forming our char- 
acters. 

" It would indeed have been a strange fact, had 
attention not been paid to breeding, for the inherit- 
ance of good and bad qualities is so obvious." This 
is easy to apply to our minds and souls. 

"We see the value set on animals even by the 
barbarians of Tierra del Fuego, by their killing 
and devouring their old women, in times of dearth, 
as- of less value than their dogs." Page 29. I say, 



90 DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

here is the proof of what men think of women, even 
the women to whom they owe their life, when they 
are in their natural body descended from Satan, 
arid their souls are hardly alive. Mr. Darwin also 
here shows us that without the soul we are only 
animal ; an old woman can breed no more children 
to Satan ; and this world's children are Satan's. 
Tierra del Fuego is well named as a residence of 
Satan's children, and what difference is there 
between these men and wild beasts ? both eat their 
own kind of flesh. 

Page 57. " Although some species may be now 
increasing more or less rapidly in numbers, all can- 
not do so, for the world would not hold them. 
Even slow-breeding man has doubled in twenty-five 
years, and at this rate, in less than a thousand 
years there would literally not be standing room 
for his progeny." Here is an answer which cannot 
be disputed to what the critic says of my idea that 
the single pure woman is exempt from the sin of 
increasing sin on this earth, by not bringing into it 
children of evil men the critic says that the world 
would soon have no one in it if my idea was fol- 
lowed, the critic not being able to understand that 
few healthy, pure children are worth more to the 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 91 

world than a thousand vile men and women ; there- 
fore there should be prudent restraint from evil 
marriage. We are animal from animal descent, 
and animal from Satan, this may be a reason that 
in days gone by those who wished to represent 
Satan, in paintings, made, him with horns, a tail, 
and cloven feet, or claws, simply the man animal 
without the soul : that is the descendant of an 
animal, half animal, half man, and from being the 
man animal for that reason, much more cruel and 
more wicked than any animal. Here I would ask 
why is the dog man's friend, much more so than any 
other animal, simply because before both are 
born, they are so alike that you cannot tell one 
from the other ; they are akin, and in the Eastern 
countries their idea is that the soul of the wicked 
is sent back to this world to live out its wickedness 
in the body of a dog this idea is not without some 
reason in it. 

Page 58. " Hence we may confidently assert that 
all plants and animals are tending to increase at a 
geometrical ratio that all would rapidly stock 
every station in which they could anyhow exist ; and 
that this geometrical tendency to increase must be 
checked by destruction at some period of life, the 



92 .DAKWIN'S ORIGIN or SPECIES. 

larger domestic animals are annually slaughtered 
by thousands for food, and that in a state of nature 
an equal number would have somehow to be dis- 
posed of." Turning to the Bible I read of the 
slaughters recorded there in the wars of the Jews, 
and others, and the slaughters ordered by King- 
David. Christ has told us that there would be wars 
and rumors of wars ; and I say that this fighting 
and killing among all living things on this earth 
comes from the increasing of all living things on this 
earth, which increasing I have tried to show is the 
sin of Satan shown forth in the story of Adam and 
Eve, whom Satan created in the flesh and whose first 
born son was Cain, a murderer of Satan's own 
creation, that is, a man of flesh and blood, for Cain 
shed the blood of Abel, and the blood is the life of 
this earth created by evil, for in it is all evil. Mr. 
Darwin here shows us by Science how all things in 
which there is life are forced by human nature to 
increase and multiply, and how all things in which 
there is life would be completely destroyed by one 
species, if it was not that all destroy each other in 
their struggle for existence ; and many tell us that 
this is God's law, as He created all living things in 
flesh and blood ; and I say that this is not God's law, 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 93 

for God is the creator of eternal life and not the 
God of death. .Death is the necessity of the crea- 
tion of Satan, for in mankind, in wild beasts, in 
snakes, in scorpions, in all poisonous insects, there 
is life, and in all most all of them there is blood, 
and the blood is life. " Without the shedding of 
blood," says the old Prophet, " there is no remission 
of sin." They understood that the blood gave sin- 
ful life, and the shedding of the blood gave death 
to whatever living thing contained that blood. 
Now many say that God created all living things on 
this earth ; if this is so by what right have they to 
take the life of anything in which there is blood, 
for blood is the life of animal nature. And accord- 
ing to their teachings they should not take the life of 
any animal for food or for self protection, since they 
teach that God made them, and commanded them 
to increase and multiply and fill the earth. I say 
that your soul alone is created by God, for God is 
spirit and not carnal. " Thou shall do no murder," 
is between man and man, and is God's command. 
" Thou shall not kill," would cover all in which is 
the blood of life. Some say God created that life, 
and I say Satan created it. 
Page 64. " Battle within battle must be continu- 



94: DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

ally recurring with varying success ; and yet in the 
long run the forces are so nicely balanced that the 
face of nature' remains for long periods of time 
uniform, though assuredly the merest trifle would 
give the victory to one organic being over another. 
Nevertheless, so profound is our ignorance and so 
high our presumption, that we marvel when we 
hear of the extinction of an organic being, and as 
we do not know the cause, we invoke cataclysms to 
desolate the world, or invent laws on the duration 
of the forms of life. What a struggle must have 
gone on during long centuries between the several 
kinds of trees, what war between insect and insect, 
between insects, snails and other animals, with 
birds and beasts of prey, all striving to increase, all 
feeding on each other." I thank Mr. Darwin for 
this passage, and for these thoughts of Science, for 
they prove how terrible is the idea of some, as to 
the attributes of the God they worship. 

D. Page 117. "The affinities of all : the beings 
of the same class have sometimes been represented 
by a great tree. I believe the simile largely speaks 
the truth." This can be said of our souls, our 
'spiritual life. It was Jesus who said of himself, " I 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES; 95 

am the vine, ye are the branches." " There are many 
branches, but the root of the vine is the same. 

Page 146. Mr. Darwin here tells us that " there 
is a tendency in the young of each successive gener- 
ation to produce the long lost character." He is 
speaking of animals, but I say that the ancient 
character reappears in children, the descendants of 
Satan, hence murders, thefts, cruelties of all sorts, 
untruth, wickedness, and it prevails. The flesh 
prevails over the spirit. Mr. Darwin also says, 
" For myself, I venture confidently to look back 
thousands on thousands of generations, and I see an 
animal striped like a zebra, but perhaps otherwise 
very differently constructed, the common parent of 
our domestic horse." And I look back and see 
thousands on thousands of generations, and I see an 
animal, created by Satan, differently constructed, 
who was the forefather of animal-kind and man- 
kind. 

Page 160. Mr. Darwin here refers to when it 
was first said that the sun stood still, and the world 
turned round, the common sense of mankind 
declared the doctrine false, but the old saying pf 
yoxpopuli, vox >ei, as every philosopher knows, can- 
not be trusted in Science. Bnt I say that Science 



96 DAK-WIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

is of God ; and turning to ray Bible I see that 
Joshua declared that the sun stood still. The 
record says that the sun stood still about a whole 
day. Let me ask, Does any one know how many of 
our hours then made a day ? The record says that 
there was no day like that day, but this may mean 
no victory over the enemies of Israel like that 
victory, and Joshua and those of his days judged 
God to be like man. Read the account of the battle, 
and ask yourself, Was Joshua right to say that all 
those horrors were committed by the true God ? 
Joshua, if he did not know by observation that the 
sun stood still and the earth went round, spoke a 
truth which Science declares to be true. 

Page 166. Mr. Darwin here speaks of the organs 
which once served for respiration and which have 
been actually converted into organs for flight." Res- 
piration is breath ; when we die the breath leaves the 
body and takes flight, and is the soul. 

* 

Page 168. " The electric organs of fishes offer 
another case of special difficulty, for it is impossible 
to conceive by what steps these wondrous organs 
have been produced. But this is' not surprising, for 
we do not even know of what use they are." I 
thank Mr. Darwin for this, for I have said in one of 



DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. . 97 

my books that Christ "cured the sick, lame, blind, 
deaf, by electricity. Christ so differed from others 
in", the powers which He possessed in his. human 
body; may have had these organs of electricity,- 
w.hich are still unknown to Science as to what they 
are. Mr. Darwin goes on to say that " These electric 
organs. in fishes have, hot been inherited from a 
common" progenitor, that there is no reason to sup- 
pose that : it is the case." Therefore, I say that 
Christ^ being born of a woman alone, did not get 
these great gifts in his nature from our common 
progenitor. Our common progenitor in the flesh is 
Satan ; Christ in his human body inherited not the 
nature of sin from man, though in the flesh He over- 
came the sin of the flesh, for in all flesh is sin. He 
knew, therefore, when He told us to overcome sin, 
\9hat the sin in the flesh is, and what the tempta- 
tion of Satan is, and that it can be overcome by the 
Spirit. ' 

Page 181. Mr. Darwin here says, "That natural 
selection can and does often produce structures for 
the direct injury of other animals, as wesee in the 
fang of the adder. If it could be proved that any 
part of the structure of any one species had been 
formed for the exclusive good of another species, it 



98 DARWIN :< S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

would annihilate my theory, for such could not have 
been produced through natural selection." I say 
that this proves that life on this earth was not made 
or created by God, for God did not create some 
species capable of suffering through nerves, or 
through anything else for the express purpose of 
making them so suffer pain and torture for the 
benefit of another species also endowed with nerves 
capable of suffering, when torn to pieces to be eaten 
by others. Such a creation is of Satin or Evil alone. 
Certainly Mr. Darwin cannot deny that certain 
species seem to be born only for the good of others ; 
such as for their food or support in one way or 
another in the way that cows are for our use, and 
all the animals which we use. Also, I here see this, 
that Christ was born on this earth for the good of 
another species, that species being mankind, who 
descended thousands of years ago from the unknown 
animal created by Satan. Christ was created by 
the Spirit of God and became man for the exclu- 
sive good of mankind, therefore, Mr. Darwin says 
true in his theory which I apply to Christ, such 
being the case, He, Christ, could not have been 

produced through natural selection. 

On page 183, Mr. Darwin says, " Can we admire 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 99 

the single purpose for which the drones of the 
insects are produced, which are utterly useless to 
the community for any other purpose, and which 
are ultimately slaughtered by their industrious and 
sterile sisters ?" And here I would read a lesson to 
those who say that women must be kept out of 
their rights, because some are to become mothers of 
families. Those who are mothers, of course, should 
not be in public office, but the insects teach us a les- 
son, which is, that the single women are, or could be, 
of more use to the community than the mothers ; the 
mothers should bring up the children, but the single 
women should hold public office. As for the drones, 
the male bees, if they will not work in any way, the 
workers in the hive do not feed them. 

Page 237, The instinct of the cuckoo when in 
the nest of another bird, out of which it ejects the 
lawful offspring of the parent bird, is an instinct 
which certainly exists among mankind. Mr. Darwin 
has given us one example in the account of the 
inhabitants of Terra del Fuego. I do not agree 
with Mr. Darwin that there are slaves among the 
ants (page 239), for if one kind of ants are not made 
in a way that makes them capable of making their 
own nests, and another kind determine the migra- 



100 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 

tion and carry the others in their jaws: make the 
nests and feed the young and so make the world 
they live in, .they cannot be called slaves.: The ants 
which they carry to the new nest are of great use 
to them, or they would not do so. " These active 
ants, Science says, are females can iU be .that 
reason, that Science has decided to call' them 'staves, 
judging them by mankind, men and woman. How 
many a woman has set to work, fed and saved the 
survivors, made some beds and homes, and tended 
the young, and put all to rights ; for 'that-charitable 
work do we call her a slave. She works like one, 
it is true, but I think that in the ant as well as in 
the woman it is caused by a higher nature. than:the 
rest of ant or man nature. On page 253, Mr. Dar- 
wins says, " I allude to the neuters or sterile females 
in insect communities ; for these neuters often dif- 
fer widely in instinct and in structure from both 
the males and fertile females, and yet from being 
sterile, they cannot propagate their kind.'.'. I say, 
yet they are born of the same parents" as = the males 
and fertile females, and they show; greater .instinct 
and knowledge in their community' than the males 
and fertile females so it is often" found in the com-', 
munity of mankind, and so far, "society. .'has: re- 



DARWIN'S ^ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 101 

pressed and lost; the good, which in the ant com- 
munity is enjoyed. " Go to the ant and consider her 
ways," and let your single and childless women 
exercise their wisdom and talents to the good of 
the community. 

Page 259. Mr. Darwin says in summing up these 
things that, " They are small consequences of one 
general law leading to the advancement of all 
organic beings, let the strongest live and the weak- 
est die." And I say that it is Satan's law of his 
creation and his command. 

Page 263. Mr. Darwin says that, " Two most ex- 
perienced observers who ever lived arrived at dia- 
metrically opposite conclusions." And this is a 
thing I say that can happen in opinions on the 
religious subjects. 

Page 315. Mr. Darwin speaks of the strange bird 
which Professor Owen says lived during the de- 
position of the upper green sand, and still more 
recently that strange bird, the Arch eopteryx, with 
a long, lizard-like tail, bearing a pair of feathers on 
each joint, and with its wings furnished with two free 
claws, which has been discovered in the oolitic slates 
of Solenhofen. I ask who created this bird ? 

Page 317. Mr. Darwin, " Most of; the arguments 



102 DAKWIN'S OKIGIN OF SPECIES. 

which have convinced me that all the existing 
species of the same group are descended from a 
single progenitor, apply with equal force to the 
earliest known species." And I say the single 
progenitor of all species is Satan. 

Page 321. " I look at the geological record as a 
history of the world ; imperfectly kept and written 
in a changing dialect. Of this history we possess 
the last volume alone, relating only to two or three 
countries. Of this volume, only here and there a 
short chapter has been preserved, and of each 
page only here and there a few lines. Each word 
of the slowly-changing language, more or less 
different in the successive chapters, may represent 
the forms of life, which are entombed in our con- 
secutive formations, and which falsely appear to 
have been abruptly introduced." I apply this, as it 
well can be done, to our slowly-changing beliefs o 
God, of whom we know nothing, with the exception 
of what Jesus has told us ; and we have taken the 
beliefs of those who thought that they understood 
Jesus ; we still have the words of Jesus, mixed of 
course with the words of those who recorded them, 
but why should we bind ourselves to believe what 
those who lived so long ago believed of God. What 



DAKWIN'S OKIGIN OF SPECIES. 103 

* 

they wjrote was written in a changing dialect ; 
they had not the light of science then, they imper- 
fectly understood even what they wrote, for most 
of what they wrote, they copied from the writings 
of others ; we have but few short chapters of the 
teachings of Jesus, and only here and there a few 
lines of the truth. Let us, therefore, with the light of 
Science and the recorded words of Jesus, find out 
more about ourselves and our God. 

Page 416 speaks of the mockers and the mocked 
among butterflies and Insects. Certainly among 
mankind there are mockers and the mocked, so that 
if the mocked were careful to keep themselves on 
the heights, in appearance, in morals, in honesty, in 
habits, in their lives throughout how much they 
would unconsciously elevate the whole world. Mr. 
Darwin gives the reason why some kind of butter- 
flies so often assume the dress of another ; it is 
because the one they imitate is protected by being- 
distasteful to birds. They, the mockers, are 
destroyed by birds, and, he says, therefore, speaking 
metaphorically, " They are reduced, like most weak 
'creatures, to trickery and dissimulation." These 
two last traits of character we know are given by 
men to women if the woman's dress was similar 



104: DAEWIN'S ORIGIN OF 



to the man's, she could go through the world in 
safety. Man has made her by his laws and habits 
a weak creature, she is not by nature so, but by the 
way and customs of society, she can be nothing else 
but a weak creature, and to save her life, her honor, 
her little earthly possessions, if she is connected in 
any way with a man, she becomes tricky and dis- 
simulates man makes her so, and then accuses her 
of being so. 1 ; 

Mr. Darwin says, " What can be more curious 
than that the hand of a man formed for grasping, 
that of a mole for digging, the leg of a horse, the. 
paddle of the porpoise, and the wing of the bat, 
should all be constructed on the same pattern, and 
should include similar bones, in the same' relative 
positions." . And. I say, How can man in his pride 
say that in his human body he is made in the image 
of God ? ... : , ' : 

Page 428 speaks of flies which have the power 
of producing fertile eggs without the concourse 
of the male. I again say that such being the case, 
no one has the knowledge to deny the birth of 
Christ as given in the New Testament. 

Page 429. " The feet of lizards and mammals, 
the wings and feet of birds, and the hands and feet 



;I>ARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 105 

of .man, all arise from the same fundamental form." 
And man says that in his body he is made in the 
image of God. 

Page 442. "The boa-constrictor has rudiments 
of hind limbs and of a pelvis, and if it be said that 
these bones have been retained ' to complete the 
scheme of nature," why, as Professor Weismann 
asks, have they not been retained by other snakes, 
which do not possess a vestige of these same bones!" 
This large snake, then, according to Science, comes 
that near to mankind in the shape of the bones. I 
ask, What was the progenitor of this snake, millions 
and millions of years ago, if not Satan. 

Page 443. " We learn from, the study of our 
domestic productions that the disuse of parts leads 

to their reduced size ; and that the result is 
inherited." So it is with our minds and souls. 

Page 446. " Finally, the several classes of facts 
which have been considered in this chapter, seem to 
me to proclaim so plainly, that the innumerable 
species, genera, and families, with which this world 
is peopled, are all descended, each within its own 
class or group, from common parents,. and have all 
been modified in the course of descent, that I should 
without hesitation adopt this view, even were it 



106 DABWIN'S OBIGIN OF SPECIES. 

unsupported by other facts or arguments." There- 
fore, I think the common parents were creations of 
Evil or Satan, and I also see in Mr. Darwin's book 
that more individuals are born than can possibly 
survive. 

Page 458. " Beauty according to our sense of it 
is not universal, must be admitted by every one 
who will look at some venomous snakes ; at some 
fishes, and at certain hideous bats with a distorted 
resemblance to the human face," and man says that 
he is created in the image of God. And in speak- 
ing of how odors and flavors were first rendered 
agreeable, I would here remark, that what is agree- 
able to one is just the reverse to another to me 
some odors are like the wild beast odors, such as a 
cigar or pipe, yet these are agreeable to others. 

Page 458 speaks of the contrivances in human 
nature as not being, so far as we can judge, abso- 
lutely perfect, and I say that if we see the imper- 
fection it is because it is Satan's creation, and God 
did not pronounce it good, as the story of the crea- 
tion in the Bible tells us that He did. As Mr. 
Darwin says, " Great is the power of steady misrep- 
resentation ; but the history of Science shows that 
fortunately this power does not long endure." Can 



DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 107 

we not say the same o the dogmas of all the 
Churches, great is their steady power 'of misrepre- 
senting the God we worship. 

Page 466. " It is no valid objection that Science 
as yet throws no light on the far higher problem of 
the essence or origin of life. Who can explain what 
is the essence of the attraction of gravity ?" Now 
I am only a woman, yet in reading a book on elec- 
tricity, it seemed to me that the author of the book 
explains what gravity is without knowing that he 
does so gravity is electricty in the loadstones of 
the earth and in us, and in everything connected 
in any way with the earth. All things that grow-, 
or live by eating what grows on this earth, are full 
of electricity or of substances controlled by elec- 
tricity which acts as loadstones and draws all things 
to this earth. 

Page 466. " I see no good reasons why the views 
given in this volume should shock the religious feel- 
ings of any one." Nor do I ; religion owes Mr. 
Darwin great and lasting thanks, for the truths he 
has given to the world by Science, that great gift of 
God to mankind, and for having the courage to give 
the truths to a prejudiced world. All honor to Mr. 
Darwin. 



DARWIN'S ORIGIN off SPECIES. 

Job xii; " But ask now the beasts and they shall 
teach thee, and the fowls of the air, and they shall 
tell thee : or speak to the earth and it shall teach 
thee, and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto 
thee. Who knoweth not in all these that the hand 
of the Lord hath wrought this ?" 

Ecclesiastes iii : 19. " For that which befalleth the 
sons of men befalleth beasts. Even one thing 
befalleth them, as one dieth so dieth the other, yea, 
they have all one breath, so that a man has no pre- 
eminence-above a beast." 

It is Jesus who tells us that God is a Spirit and 
those who worship him must worship him in Spirit 
and in Truth, 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN, 

[109] 



REFLECTIONS ON "THE DESCENT OF 

MAN." 

I read in St. Matthew xxiii : 34, 37, " Behold I 
send unto you prophets and wise men and scribes, 
and some of them ye shall kill and crucify ; and 
some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, 
and persecute them from city to city." 

" O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the 
prophets and stonest them that are sent unto thee, 
how often would I have gathered thy children 
together and ye would not." 

Having studied Mr. Darwin's books without pre- 
judice, and having freed my mind of all old-time 
given bias, before I began the study, I now class 
him among the prophets and scribes sent by God to 
enlighten mankind. The evolution of the body fin- 
ished long before prophets and scribes were sent to 



112 DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 

this earth, the evolution now goes on in the mind 
and souls of mankind. The world is as Jerusalem, 
for if one with new thoughts has the courage to 
give those thoughts to the world, as a prophet or a 
scribe, the world will not listen to him ; but in one 
way or another the world persecutes the new scribe 
or prophet, and so retards the kingdom of God from 
coming to this'earth, that is, from coming into, the 
minds and hearts of mankind. It is utterly impos- 
sible for the will of God to be done on this earth as 
it is done in heaven, until we know how it is done 
in heaven. : Christ came to tell us what . the : will 'of 
God is. There can be no stronger evidence' that 
mankind in the body is the creation of Evil than 
the fact that they- are not willing to receive 'new 
thoughts about themselves, their .origin, their minds 
and souls, as these words of Jesus prove. He wished 
to gather the children of the world together and 
teach them new truths, and they would not. And 
history tells us the fate of all who since the days of 
Christ have by knowledge found new truths, and 
made the attempt to obey the Spirit who. gave'them 
the new thoughts, by giving their new knowledge 
to the children of this earth, that is, to mankind, 
and these ignorant children stoned and persecuted 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 11 



o 



these scribes, and scourged them with their words 
in the Churches, retarding and almost crushing the 
kingdom of God, which kingdom can only live in 
our minds, thoughts and hearts. In resisting the 
new knowledge and thoughts coming to mankind, 
one may be fighting against God. Evil does not 
stand still, it advances with great steps ; and any 
denomination is more than foolish and is decidedly 
on the side of Evil and Sin, when it resists the new 
thoughts evolved in the minds of mankind, for the 
sake of preserving the old, worn-out notions and 
thoughts of our great great grandfathers which 
served their day, but which do not serve our day. 
Everything has evolved except the dogmas made 
by the grandfathers in Church beliefs, and it is a 
shame on Christians to pay so little heed to the 
teachings of Christ, and to continue stoning and 
persecuting the prophets and scribes sent unto 
them by God. 

No scribe had a more gentle spirit toward re- 
sisting Church dogmas than Mr. Darwin, as his 
writings so clearly show. In the preface to the 
second edition of his book on the " Descent of Man " 
he says, " During the successive reprints of .the 
first edition of this work published in 1871, I was 



J 14: DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 

able to introduce several important corrections, and 
now that more time has elapsed, I have endeavored 
to profit by the fiery ordeal through which the book 
has passed, arid have taken advantage of all criti- 
cisms which seem to me sound." Also, " In the first 
edition of the ' Origin of Species ' I distinctly 
stated that great weight must be attributed to the 
inherited effects of use and disuse, with respect 
both to the body and mind." What a difference 
between these and those who teach the Chris- 
tian religion. Are they strong enough to 
study the Bible with their minds freed from what 
their grandfathers thought ; are they willing to cor- 
rect ? And as time passes do they profit by any 
fiery ordeal raging against their free thoughts, for 
God has given to each man and woman an inde- 
pendent soul. They are freed by Christ. They 
should think out these spiritual things themselves, 
for the soul shall and does stand before God alone. 
And do these teachers take advantage of all criti- 
cisms which seem to them sound ? And do these 
teachers of spiritual things mark what Mr. Darwin 
has said of the use and disuse of the mind as well 
as of the body ? 

In his introduction Mr. Darwin says that during 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 115 

many years he collected notes on the orgin or de- 
scent of man with the determination not to publish 
on the subject, as he thought that he should thus 
only add to the prejudices against his views. Here 
is a statement greatly against those calling them- 
selves Christians. To Mr. Darwin's mind had been 
sent a great light on the side of truth, and we came 
near losing it, and certainly retarded it, and per- 
haps, cramped it by prejudices. Prejudices put to 
death Him whom we call Christ, for Jesus taught 
new truths of God ; and dogmas, in other words 
traditions of men, resisted Him and put Him to 
death. Can we not learn the teachings of Christ 
even yet ? 

Mr. Darwin goes on to say, " That ignorance more 
frequently begets confidence than does knowledge ; 
it is those who know little and not those who know 
much, who so positively assert that .this or that 
problem will never be solved by Science. The con- 
clusion that man is the co-descendant with other 
species of some ancient, lower, and extinct form, is 
not in any degree new." And, let me add, that the 
fact that man is the last named in the book of 
Genesis, as appearing on earth, may be taken by a 
mind not tied by dogmas, as a Bible proof of the 



116 DAEWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN, 

truth of man's descent which came to Mr. Darwin's 
mind in his honest and searching studies on the 
subject, which I undoubtingly believe were sent to 
him by .the spirit of God as a step in evolution in 
the mind and soul of man, so that all now living in 
the animal body may so conquer that body that it 
will become the servant of the indwelling soul, and 
the soul no longer be the slave, but the master of 
the body. 

I now go on to the chapters in this book, and this 
statement of Mr. Darwin's should truly make man 
ashamed. " An American monkey after getting 
drunk on brandy would never touch it again." The 
same tastes are in animals, much lower in the scale, 
that are in man ; they, the animals, acquire a strong 
taste for rum and for smoking tobacco. 

After reading the first chapter in Mr. Darwin's 
book, it can not be denied that if man wished he 
could elevate himself and children to a higher 
moral nature. And now that we know the truth of 
this, in it lies the sin of mankind still breeding 
children of sin, vice, bad morals and crime. Man- 
kind has always retarded knowledge, their motive 
being envy and malice ; and also their nature, which 
they inherit from Evil, makes them fight every- 



DARWIN'S DFSOKNT or MAH. 117 

thing, even all advancements materially, or in 
thought. By thought mankind advances toward 
the kingdom of heaven, and yet when to one 
strong mind there comes a new and advanced 
thought, they throw chains of all sorts around that 
mind and hamper it, and confuse it. Yet they read 
in Acts v. (Bible) Gamaliel's advice, and he was a 
doctor of the law of great reputation. His advice 
was to take heed to themselves what they intended 
doing to the apostles of Jesus, and he told them if 
the work and counsel be of men it will come to 
naught, but if it is of God they could not overthrow 
it, and they might find they were fighting against 
God. Those therefore who would fight the new 
light coming to advanced minds by the truth in 
science, may be fighting againt God. 

Man's descent from the extinct form created by 
Evil called Satan, changed to a higher form when 
his mind began to be used by him, which was at 
the time that he received the breath of God, in 
other words, the life of his soul. In fact, the animal 
or object which man's mind has pictured as a like- 
ness of the devil, has always been drawn as having 
horns, a tail, cloven hoofs for feet, is covered with 
hair, a large mouth with teeth like an ape's, short 



118 CAUWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 

legs and long arms. And Science proves this to be 
a monkey, and from a monkey man has descended. 
Therefore, my theory must be true mankind in 
the body is the descendant of Satan or Sin, or 
Evil, which all mean the same thing, and by or 
through an animal. And as Mr. Darwin says on 
Page 41, " It is only our natural prejudice, and that 
arrogance which made our forefathers declare that 
they were descended from demi-gods, which leads 
us to demur to this conclusion. But the time will 
before long come when it will be thought wonder- 
ful that naturalists, who were well acquainted with 
the comparative structure and development of man 
and other mammals, should have believed that each 
was the work of a separate act of creation." And, 
I add, the time will come when the teachers of 
religion, one and all, will think it wonderful that 
the men of religions thought, who were acquainted 
with, their own animal bodies and nature, and the 
comparative nature and characters of man and 
other animals, should have believed that they, man- 
kind, were in the body made in the likeness of God, 
separated from other animals, and not realize that 
the likeness is only in the soul. 
Let me here call attention to the gentle way in 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 119 

which Mr. Darwin states his facts. He does not 
rail at religion or dogmas. He simply gives us his 
knowledge in science and now and then his indi- 
vidual thoughts. 

On page 51 he speaks of the remote epoch when 
the progenitors of man were changing from quad- 
rupeds into bipeds, and, I add here, that when in 
Athens I saw the sculptures of the Greeks on the 
old ruins there, I thought that to their mind had 
come some such thought or tradition, which they 
represented as a battle between the Amazons and 
the Centaurs. The Amazons by gaining the 
victory would cause an evolution in the shape of 
mankind. 

I will here give an answer to the critic who after 
reading my " Origin of Sin," said that if my idea 
was followed, the earth would be depopulated in a 
few years. These are Mr. Darwin's words : "Civil- 
ized populations have been known, under favorable 
conditions, to double their numbers in twenty-five 
years. At the former rate the present population 
of the United States (thirty millions) would in 657 
years cover the whole terraqueous globe so thickly 
that four men would have to stand on each square 
yard of surface ; with civilized nations this primary 



120 DARWIN'S DESCENT off MAN. 

check acts chiefly by restraining- marriages." And 
this is my answer to the critic j if he looks into the 
details he may perhaps find what I expressed in 
" Origin of Sin." 

Mr. Darwin, page 62, speaking of infanticide, 
says : " It has kept down over population. The prac- 
tise now prevails in many quarters of the world. If 
we look back to an extremely remote epoch, before 
men had arrived at the dignity of manhood, he 
would have been guided more by instinct and less 
by reason than are the lowest savages at the pres- 
ent time. Our early semi-human progenitors would 
not have practised infanticide or polyandry, for the 
instincts of the lower animals were never so per- 
verted as to lead them regularly to destroy their 
own offspring, or to be quite devoid of jealousy/' 

These words of Mr. Darwin's should sink into the 
hearing and mind of this generation, and of those 
who say that man was made in the image of God. 

Mr. Darwin says : " In what manner the mental 
powers were first developed in the lowest organisms 
is as hopeless an inquiry as how life, itself, first 
originated. These are problems for the distant 
future, if they are ever to be solved by man." 

In my " Origin of Sin," I try to show that life 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 121 

came to this earth by Satan's fall from heaven, and 
that being created by Sin, and blood being one 
essential to it, breeding is another. Now in the 
book of Genesis, 9:4,! read : " But flesh with the 
life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not 
eat." Blood, therefore, is the life which lives on 
this earth and in our animal bodies. The command 
to increase and multiply this sinful life, cannot be 
from God. Those who wrote the book of Genesis 
saw by observation that all animal life and vegetable 
life increased and multiplied. They could not 
understand it, and so like many in these days, they 
thought it from God, as it was beyond their minds 
to understand it. But I would ask those who say 
that sinful man is evil, why they think that God, 
whom Jesus has told us is the only one who is good, 
should command evil to increase and multiply. 
Let them read, in the Bible, from the verse in 
Genesis which says increase and multiply, to the 
death of Jesus, and then ask themselves, Was this 
increase of evil God's command ? 

If without the shedding of blood there could be 
no remission of sins, why do they think that God 
created mankind. in the body, and that the body is 
the image of God ? Why, then,' must the blood, 



122 DAE WIN'S DKSCENT OF MAN. 

which is the life of the body, be shed for remission 
of sins, if that blood, or the life on this earth, is 
not the creation of Evil, or Sin, or Satan, all these 
names meaning the same thing ? 

I have tried to show in my "Origin of Sin " that 
in Jesus dwelt the pure and strong spirit of God. 
His body was like unto our bodies, and in it was 
the blood of this life. We all know that the blood 
of Jesus was shed, and we all know that we must 
die, and that the blood has much to do with our 
living or dying without our dying there is no 
remission of the sins in the body. It was only when 
man became a living soul, which means that man's 
mind evolved into being able to think, that he 
realized that there was a power above him, which 
power he called God. We have in Genesis this 
verse, " I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was 
afraid because I was naked, and I hid myself." 
Thus, by thinking, the first evolution in mind took 
place ; he knew he was naked. His mind was 
capable of thinking why it was wrong to be naked ; 
his mind, or the thought, made him feel fear and 
gave him the thought to hide himself, and by think- 
ing they learned how ,to sew fig leaves together so 
as to clothe themselves. Also in the verse which 



DARWIN'S DESCENT or* MAN. 123 

reads, " Unto Adam also and unto his wife did the 
Lord God make coats of skins and clothed them." 
This can only mean that the idea came to their 
minds to make coats of the skins of the animals 
which they killed. They saw the advantage the 
hairy skin was to the animal, so they made coats of 
the hairy skin for themselves. This necessitated a 
death, a shedding of blood. There could not have 
been a death or shedding of blood in the garden of 
Eden, whatever Eden may mean, so it was after 
being driven from the garden that they made their 
coats of skins. But this can only mean that in the 
evolution of man in the body, they came to the 
period in time when they clothed themselves. That 
God made the coat, can only mean that man realized 
that the thought was something separate from the 
body, and if thought is soul, soul is from God, and 
in this way it can be said that God made the coat "of 
skin. As any new, good thought, useful to mankind, 
is sent by God to the mind of man, and is of God, 
we should be careful then not to fight against God. 
Now in Genesis when I read that God created 
man in his image, I understand this to mean man's 
image ; in the image of God created He him, 
undoubtingly means man's soul. Male and female, 



124: DAKWIN'S DESCENT otf MAN. 

created He them. Mr. Darwin shows in his work, 
page 633, that in the evolution of life on this earth, 
there was a time when the sexes were one ; that is, 
male and female were in one plant or one insect, 
and evolved into two bodies. I now turn to my 
Bible and read, " Created He him," one " male 
and female created He them," two in one ; and 
then I read the evolution when male and female 
evolved from being both sexes in one, into two 
separate bodies : " And he took one of the ribs and 
closed up the flesh instead thereof, and the rib which 
the Lord God had taken from man made he a 
woman." We can not expect whoever wrote 
Genesis to use the scientific words of these days. 
The fact is there, and as I have said before, the 
knowledge or thought coming to the mind of man 
in those days, he was honest enough to give the 
praise thereof to God. We should read Genesis 
allowing thousands of years to pass between the 
verses. 

The chapter in Mr. Darwin's book on Mental 
Powers in animals is very convincing. We have 
ceen these things in animals without pondering 
what they mean. This Mr. Darwin has- done for us 
in his great and good work. And how true it is 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN 125 

that how little can the hard-worked wife of a de- 
graded Australian savage, who uses very few 
abstract words and cannot count above four, exert 
her self -consciousness, or reflect on the nature 
of her own existence. An animal, indeed, she is. 
Self-consciousness evolved in man when Adam and 

f 

Eve knew that they were naked and .made coats of 
leaves. As animals have voices, they are undoubt- 
edly understood among themselves ; because we 
cannot understand them is no reason that these 
sounds are not plain speech to them, as Mr. Darwin 
so plainly shows. 

Mr. Darwin also shows that habit has much to do 
with making an unpleasant thing become pleasant 
to us. How responsible we are then for liking what 
is evil and sin, or disliking the same. 

Now I would here say a few words to those who 
think that God sends evil to mankind the death of 
a loved one, the loss of a fortune, ill-luck, as it is 
called, that if we do not obey and believe in the 
dogmas of Churches, God will punish us. Let us 
evolve from this terrible idea of our God ; for 
savages attribute to spirits the same passions, the 
same love of vengeance or simplest form of justice, 
and the same afflictions which they themselves feel, 



126 DAKWIN'S DKSOEKT OF MAN. 

as Mr. Darwin tells us they do. And he tells us 
that Prof. Branbach goes so far as to. maintain that 
a dog looks on his master as a god. This might 
be true, and Mr. Darwin adds, " that so long as man's 
reasoning powers remain poorly developed, he will 
believe strange superstitions and customs. Many 
of these are terrible to think of, such as the sacri- 
fice of human beings to a blood-loving God, the 
trial of innocent persons by the ordeal of poison or 
fire and other things. These miserable and indirect 
consequences of our highest faculties may be com- 
pared with the incidental and occasional mistakes 
of the instincts of the lower animals." Let me here 
add, Does this not shame us into evolving the dog- 
mas of our religious beliefs ; some of those dogmas 
are as low as the instincts of the lower animals. 
They, the dogmas, were made years ago to suit the 
minds of those days, and by keeping them on, 
when the minds of men evolve, year by year, we 
simply drive mankind away from the God of his 
soul and mind. I am not a shepherd of a flock, but 
in these above words I address myself to those who 
call themselves so. And as Mr. Darwin tells us 
that man, prompted by his conscience, will through 
long habit acquire such perfect self-command that 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 127 

his desires and passions will at last yield instantly 
and without a struggle to his social sympathies and 
instincts, including this feeling for the judgment of 
others. Here, then, is Mr. Darwin, the great student 
of human nature, giving us a truth seldom preached 
from a pulpit. The evolution of man's conscience 
can and should give him such perfect self-command 
that evil and sin can and should cease on this earth, 
and man has no excuse for not being able to in- 
stantly check his passions. We cannot doubt Mr. 
Darwin's statement of the possibility of this evolu- 
tion in man. Wherein, then, lies the sin ? Do they 
say that they are created in the image of God, in 
their body or in their soul, and are this world's in- 
habitants God's or Satan's ? I again quote Mr 
Darwin, " The murder of infants has prevailed on 
the largest scale throughout the world, and has met 
with no reproach ; but infanticide, especially of 
females, has been thought to be good for the tribe, 
or at least not injurious." " As barbarians do not 
regard the opinion of their women, wives are com- 
monly treated as slaves." Again, " To lie to your 
enemy has rarely been thought a sin, as soon as a 
tribe has a recognized leader, disobedience becomes 
a crime, and even abject submission is looked at as 



128 DARWIN'S DESCENT OP MAN. 

a sacred virtue." And I add this last, we find in 
some dogmas of Churches calling- themselves Chris- 
tian, disobedience to dogmas is a crime, abject 
submission is a sacred virtue. Should not the 
Church of Christ be above savages in the evolution 
of their minds. 

On page 157, Mr. Darwin says, " How so many 
absurd rules of conduct, as well as so many absurd 
religious beliefs, have originated, we do not know ; 
nor how it is that they have become, in all quarters 
of the world, so deeply impressed on the minds of 
men." He gives us his reason for the impression 
on the minds of men, but I would say a word here 
about the religious beliefs. First, it is man's mind 
or soul, in a greater or lesser degree, with which he 
knows by instinct that there is a God somewhere. 
Where, he does not know. This instinct is in all 
quarters of the world. The absurd religious beliefs 
exist but by one reason that is, ignorance, unwil- 
lingness to learn, man's pride in himself and sup- 
posed knowledge, man's love of power over his 
fellow-beings, which he can only gain by keeping 
the fellow-being in ignorance ; and man's descent 
from Evil or Satan prevents him from freeing him- 
self from these religious beliefs. 



DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 129 

We get a beautiful passage in Mr. Darwin's book 
on page 138, " Humanity, and the highest possible 
stage in moral culture, is when we recognize that 
we ought to control our thoughts, as Marcus 
Aurelius long ago said, ' Such as are thy habitual 
thoughts, such also will be the character of thy 
mind, for the soul is dyed by the thoughts.' " Also, 
from Mr. Darwin, " As a struggle may sometimes 
be seen going on between the various instincts of 
the lower animals, it is not surprising that there 
should be a struggle in man between his social 
instincts, with their derived virtues, and his lower, 
though momentarily, stronger impulses of desires." 
This, as Mr. Darwin has remarked, is all the less 
surprising as man has emerged from a state of bar- 
barism within a comparatively recent period. Here, 
then, is a strong proof of strength of the soul over 
the body, and that they are two distinct things the 
life of the body and the life of the soul ; and it is 
to Christ that we owe both the knowledge and the 
power of our souls. Mr. Darwin adds, " That after 
having yielded to some temptation, we feel a sense of 
dissatisfaction, shame, repentance, or remorse, anal- 
ogous to the feelings caused by other powerful 
instinct's or desires, when left unsatisfied," Now I- 



130 DARWIN'S DBSOEXT OF MA.N. 

add, that. Mr. Darwin, without knowing it, here gives 
the proof of the living soul, living in an animal 
body which is all evil. The struggle is between the 
two. Mr. Darwin calls it " social instinct ;" I call 
it the instincts of the soul, the dissatisfied sense 
after yielding to a temptation, and the shame, re- 
pentance and remorse, are of the soul. This is 
proved to be so by Mr. Darwin's own words. 
"These feelings," he says, " are analogous to the 
feelings caused by other powerful instincts or 
desires when left unsatisfied." Now, yielding to a 
temptation is not leaving a desire unsatisfied ; on the 
contrary, it is gratifying it. Therefore, the power~ 
fill instinct is the instinct of the soul, which desires 
to raise the instincts of the body to the power of 
refusing to yield to the instincts of the body, and as; 
Mr. Darwin says, this instinct, which I say is of the 
soul, is powerful, and is left unsatisfied when the "body 
has not obeyed the instinct of the soul. We are 
unsatisfied with ourselves because we do not restrain 
pur body to the soul's desire, and the soul's desire 
we fully understand ; for we feel shame and remorse 
within ourselves, which is known only to our own 
souls. The struggle between the soul from God 
and the body from Satan goes on to the end of our 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF HAN. 131 

lives on this earth. Mr. Darwin says, "That look- 
ing to the future generations, we can expect vir- 
tuous habits to grow stronger, becoming, perhaps, 
fixed by inheritance, and the struggle between the 
higher and lower impulses will be less severe, and 
virtue will be triumphant. And that animal nature 
never could understand disinterested love for all 
living creatures." No, truly, for this noble attri- 
bute of man is not born in the flesh, but is a gift to 
the soul of man, given to him by the life and death 
of Christ. Let me ask the reader to read in Mr. Dar- 
win's book, " The Descent of Man," the pages from 
137 to the end of that chapter, and then say if he 
has ever heard a more convincing sermon in any 
pulpit, as to the possibility of the evolution of man- 
kind to completely control his body by his soul. 

On page 157 in Mr. Darwin's book, I read what I 
understand to be a battle between Satan in the 
flesh, and the Spirit of God in the minds of men. 
The pride of man and his unsatisfied desire for 
power over his fellow beings, made him forge chains 
for those to whom God was sending new light ; for, 
" without doubting and questions, there can be no 
progress." The chains were these, the men given 
to meditation or culture of mind had no refuge 



132 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 

except in the bosom of a Church, and the Holy 
Inquisition selected with extreme care the freest 
and boldest men in order to burn or imprison them. 
In Spain alone the best men were eliminated during 
three centuries at the rate of a thousand a year. 
Thus, through selection, the Holy Inquisition 
lowered the general standard of intelligence in 
Europe, and this was at a time when the nations of 
Europe were awakening from the dark ages. In 
other words, the Spirit of God was moving upon the 
face of the waters, that is, the Spirit of God was mov- 
ing in the minds of men. Alas, for the reckoning 
to come to the Roman Catholic Church of those 
days. 

In Mr. Darwin's chapter on " Sexual Selection of 
Animals, Insects, or other Living Things," he has by 
his search proved that there is no difference 
between male and female, but when he reasons 
without a proof that this is so, then he cannot help 
being influenced by the prevailing thoughts of men. 
Men are arrogant and proud, and think' that their 
way of reasoning is the only way. The world 
for so many generations has trained man to reason 
that because he was born a man, that reason at 
once gives him the reason to suppose himself 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 133 

woman's superior, and even Mr. Darwin, after 
showing us in his works that this is not. so, forgets, 
or does not see this, and now and then when not 
thinking of his subject, he says man is superior in 
some things to women. Mr. Darwin tells us that 
the gorilla seems to be polygamous, and the male 
differs considerably from the female. Now, the 
gorilla is the nearest animal -to man, can it be 
this reason that he is polygamous, as other species 
of monkeys are strictly monogamous. Man, then, 
is lower than many monkeys, for the mate gorilla is 
in appearance more like man than the female 
gorilla is like woman, and many birds are known 
to pair for life. (See Note of these facts at end of 
essay.) 

I wish here to copy Mr. Darwin's words on page 
271. 

" It is hardly worth while saying anything about 
the question of the sexes in certain species and 
even groups of insects, for the males are unknown 
or very rare, and the females are parthenogenetic, 
that is, fertile without sexual union. Examples of 
this are afforded by several of the Cynipidae." 
Now, as I have said before, after this fact given by 
Science, Science can not say that the birth of Jesus 



134 DAKWIN'S DESCENT off MAN. 

Christ was not according to the version in the New 
Testament. If such a thing is possible in the 
smallest atom of life, it may be possible in the 
largest atoms of life. I know Christ lived in a 
human body when here, and I know that his Spirit 
was the Son of God, that we can not know anything 
of God but by what Jesus has told us, and we can 
not know what the will of God is as done in heaven 
but by what Jesus told us when on this earth, of the 
will of God. We pray that God's will may be done 
on this earth as it is done in heaven, a.ndwhat is the 
will, and how is it done in heaven ? Is it by Church 
dogmas ? Is it by Church disputes ? Is it by 
repressing new knowledge ? Is it according to 
animal man's will ? Is it by cruelty to others ? 
Was it by the Spanish Inquisition ? Is it by faith 
in Italian miracles of these days ? Is it by obeying 
the Pope ? or obeying blindly any teacher of 
dogmas of religions of this earth ? Is it by being 
all for self, is it by thinking that we alone in our 
religious belief are to be saved in our souls ? How 
is God's will done in heaven, for it is to tfe done on 
this earth the same as in heaven, before the king- 
dom of God can come to this earth. Let us find 



DAKWIN'S DESCENT ON MA.N. 185 

out what God's will is before we pretend even that 
we are doing his will. 

Then what is heaven, and where is heave'n ? 
Jesus tells us He was there before He came to earth, 
that He saw Satan fall from heaven, and that there 
are angels in heaven. And in Revelations we read, 
" That there shall in no wise enter into it any- 
thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh 
abomination, or tnaketh a lie." There is then no 
way to find out how God's will is done in heaven, 
but by the words of Jesus, for He came to tell us 
and show us what God's will is. 

And now we are come to the pages in Mr. Dar- 
win's book about the law of battle. All living 
things fight from the lowest to the highest, which 
is man. Fight and kill to possess what is another's 
as well as to protect themselves from their enemies. 
And as this was the general rule at the beginning 
of life on this earth, I would ask those who vsay 
that in our bodies we are made in the image of God, 
Is this never-ending fighting tendency among all 
species, an attribute of God ? To me it seems an 
attribute of Satan or Sin, as does the law of battle 
for the possession of the female, which appears to 



136 DARWIN'S DESCENT of 

prevail throughout the whole great class of mam- 
mals, according to Mr. Darwin's statement. 

On page 585, Mr. Darwin tells us that man, the 
descendant of animals, gradually "became erect. 
Now I read in the book of Revelations, " The first 
beast was like a lion, the second like a calf, the 
third had a face as a man, the fourth beast was like 
a flying eagle. And the beast which I saw was like 
a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, 
and his mouth as the mouth of a Hon.'.' Here, then, 
is what accords with Mr. Darwin's book, telling us 
of our descent, and this was revealed to St. John, 
and these beasts are the forefathers of mankind in 
the body. Also to Daniel was revealed the same. 
And four great beasts came from the sea, diverse 
one from the other. The first was like a lion and 
had eagle's wings. I beheld till the wings thereof 
were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth 
and made to stand upjon the feet as a man, and a man's 
heart was given to it. If this is the vision of God's 
kingdom as the translators have named it, then it 
means that the kingdom cannot come, or could not 
come until man had evolved from the animal form 
and received the breath of God, which is his soul. 

On page 588, Mr. Darwin seems to be afraid to 



DARWIN *S DESCENT OF MAN. 13? 

allow one thing which his work has proved. He 
allows all along that male and female are equal, so 
long as he is speaking of animals. But he is here 
speaking of mankind, man's higher power of the 
imagination and reason gained by sexual selection. 
Now man's sexual selection is woman, therefore it 
is by woman that man gains the higher power of the 
imagination and reason ; but Mr. Darwin here ex- 
plains it by saying, "He gains this by the contest 
of rival males." Now Mr. Darwin does this be- 
cause his mind just there was not free from the old 
influence of his surroundings, and the rut in which 
man's mind still remains of thinking that woman is 
different from man, and that she must be inferior 
to man, even after Mr. Darwin's convincing proof 
that the female in animal is equal and sometimes 
superior to the male. 

The higher power of imagination and reason are 
not carnal ; therefore, they do not come under the 
head of Mr. Darwin's subject. Imagination is 
closely connected with the soul. " Energy and 
perseverance." Instead of training women to these 
they have always been denied to women. Perse- 
verance in young women was called obstinacy, and 
was repressed. Energy in women was called fussy. 



138 DAKWIN'S DESCENT OF MAW. 

and was repressed as being unwomanly and annoy- 
ing to men. Mr. Darwin, on page 608, says, " With 
mammals the general rule appears to be, that 
characters of all kinds are inherited equally by the 
males and females. We might, therefore, suspect 
that any characters gained by the females or males, 
through sexual selection, would commonly be trans- 
ferred to the offspring of both sexes." And on 
page 620, Mr. Darwin says, "That man being more 
powerful in body," and he adds, " in mind," "in the 
savage state he keeps her in a far more abject state 
of bondage than does the male of any other animal." 
This being the case, how can the woman's mind 
grow in strength ? 

And now we come to Mr. Darwin's words as to 
our descent from the hairy, tailed quadruped, and 
the long line from which it descended, some fish- 
like animal, the aquatic animal ; and these import- 
ant words, " With the two sexes united in the same 
individual." 

I turn to the book of Genesis i : 21-25, an d * see 

that both sexes were united in one individual, and 

the evolution which separated them as male and 

female is described by Eve, woman evolving from 

Adam man. That is female and male which are 



DABWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 139 

represented by the word Adam. And that this 
took place before Adam evolved to the present 
form of man, and that then and not before, he re- 
ceived the breath of God and became a living soul. 
And that since then evolution goes on in the mind of 
mankind in the strength and culture of his soul. 
This culture of the soul cannot go on unless man 
feels and knows that his soul is free. He must 
guide his own soul, no one else can guide his soul 
for him. Christ has freed his soul, and mankind in 
these days is not without means of gaining knowl- 
edge. It rests with our own wills whether we re- 
main ignorant animals, or intelligent souls, as Mr. 
Darwin says on page 635, " But with the less civil- 
ized nations reason often errs, and many bad cus- 
toms and base superstitions come within the same 
scope, and are then esteemed as high virtues and 
their breach as heavy crimes. And man does not 
accept the praise or blame of his fellows as his sole 
guide, though few escape this influence, but his 
habitual convictions controlled by reason afford 
him the safest rule. His conscience then becomes 
the supreme judge and monitor." 

And now I come to the general summary in Mr. 
Darwin's "Descent of Man," and I find much in it. He 



140 bAItWIN's DESCENT OF MAN. 

is honest when he says, " I am aware that much 
remains doubtful, but I have endeavored to give a 
fair view of the whole case," and I am thinking that 
if teachers in religious things had long ago been as 
honest as Mr. Darwin in first studying freely nature 
with the help of the Bible, and had they taught 
their hearers so as to be able to say, " That much 
still remains doubtful, but I have given a fair view 
of the whole case," there would not have been in 
this world so many denominations ; such fights 
among those calling themselves Christians, such 
dreadful dogmas which have caused so much hatred 
and suffering among those who should have made 
the army of Christ against the army of Satan, and 
brought peace and good will among mankind. But 
the pride of these men teachers has not allowed 
this, they have thought of their personal power 
over mankind and they only pretend to think and 
preach of Christ. I think Mr. Darwin's book has 
put them to shame, for it is a great, honest work 
for the help of the whole world. As we are de- 
scendants of the animals we should be kind to the 
animals who now serve us, and studying their 
animal nature, characters, powers, instincts of all 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 141 

sorts, we would soon find our own defects and set 
to work to correct the same. 

I find Mr. Darwin's book a grand sermon, such as 
I have never heard from a pulpit anywhere. He 
has freed my mind from some binding chains 
which prevented me from seeing and understand- 
ing things which the living things of this world 
teach, arid I think that no one can deny that Mr. 
Darwin has marked an epoch in the evolution of 
the mind of man. 

Mr. Darwin says, " A belief in all-pervading 
spiritual agencies seems to be universal and appar- 
ently follows from a considerable advance in man's 
reason, and from a still greater advance in his 
faculties of imagination, curiosity and wonder. I 
am aware that 'the assumed instinctive belief in 
God has been used by many persons as an argu- 
ment for his existence. But this is a rash argu- 
ment, as we should thus be compelled to believe in 
the existence of many cruel and malignant spirits, 
only a little more powerful than man, for the be- 
lief in them is far more general than in a benefi- 
cient Deity. The idea of a universal and benefi- 
cent Creator does not seem to arise in the mind of 



142 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 

man until he has been elevated by long-continued 
culture." 

Can we have a stronger appeal for continued 
culture of our minds than what Mr. Darwin here 
says ? It is by culture and learning that we believe 
in God's goodness. It was" Jesus who told us that 
God was good it is man that has told us of Dante's 
Inferno, and Dante's Inferno was the teaching of 
the Roman Church of Dante's day. 

The instinctive belief in God only came to man 
when he received his soul. We are told in the 
Bible, when man became the living soul, and 
immortal, which was when he received the breath 
of God, and evolution began in his mind ; which 
was when evolution stopped in the body of man and 
not before that period. And man did not realize 
that he was an immortal soul until Jesus came to 
this earth to tell him so, and man realized that his 
soul had a Heavenly Father, when man began to call 
on the name of God that is, to pray to God. 

Mr. Darwin on page 637, says, " I am aware that 
the conclusion arrived at in this work, will be 
denounced by some as highly irreligious." How- 
ever, I find the work highly religious, and of a 
great benefit to religions of this day. Mr. Darwin 



DARWIN'S DESCRNT OF MAN. 143 

does not claim to be teaching us spiritual things, 
he. is teaching us all about carnal things, and yet in 
reading his book I have been led to think about 
Spiritual things, simply by not setting my mind 
against Mr. Darwin's work, but by being courageous 
enough to clear from my mind old notions about 
such things, so that my mind was free to think by 
itself. Mr. Darwin is, of course, proving the 
descent of man, by animals choosing what is new 
and best in their species ; but I have been reading 
what he has written to find if God (Good) or-Satan 
(Evil) created us in our animal life. I find that 
Evil and Sin created the animal life on this earth. 

All young men and women should read what Mr. 
Darwin tells them on pages 642, 643 in the " Descent 
of Man," and how the moral qualities are advanced, 
and not forget that there can hardly be a doubt 
that we descend from barbarians. And, let me 
add, that I here agree with Mr. Darwin, that I 
would as soon be descended from that heroic little 
monkey, who braved his dreaded enemy in order to 
save the life of his keeper, as from a savage who 
delights to torture his enemies, offers up bloody 
sacrifices, practises infanticide without remorse, 
treats his wives like slaves, knows no decency, and 



144: DARWIN'S DESCENT OF 'MAN. 

is haunted by the . grossest superstitions. Mr. 
Darwin tells us that man may be proud of having 
risen to the very summit of organic scale, though 
not through his own exertions, nor was he placed 
there ; yet he may hope for a still higher destiny, 
which, of course, after Mr. Darwin's showing, must 
be in character, mind, and knowledge that is, in 
soul and not in the body but in noble qualities, 
sympathy for the most debased, benevolence and 
God-like intellect. Here Mr. Darwin, without see- 
ing it, gives us the fact that the intellect or soul is 
in the image of God, for he has proved beyond a 
doubt that " man still bears in his bodily frame the 
indelible stamp of his lowly origin," which fact I 
find in Genesis, which tells us that from the dust of 
the ground we rose to mankind, and to the dust oi 
the ground will and does man in the body return. 

I accept every word written in Mr. Darwin's book 
as true. He has studied the subject ; I have not 
done so except in his books. But there are two 
subjects I claim to know as. well, perhaps better, 
than he does. One subject is woman it has been 
my duty to myself to study that subject. The 
other subject is God I need hardly name that duty 
as being the duty of every living soul. I do not 



DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 14p' 

claim to be infallible ; such a claim in any descend- 
ant of animal nature is a sin, above all sin in human 
nature. But I claim the freedom of my mind and 
soul to search and learn, and inwardly digest all I. 
can learn of my God. We are just now in a state 
of transition, so far as thought is concerned. Ever 
since man became a living soul and began to think, 
evolution has been going on in his mind ; and as 
science has told us that in the evolution of the body 
there seemed to have been spurts, that is, a greater 
evolution at some times than at others, so it is in 
thought. And we are now in the breach between 
science and old-time thought as to how the Bible 
can be interpreted. It is but slowly that we gain 
spiritual truths, we have so many set-backs in that 
knowledge, by being repressed by the dogmas of 
the Churches. Let us keep, what is good of the 
knowledge which our forefathers gained they were 
not infallible, but they served their day. Let .us 
serve our day by weeding out the weeds and plant- 
ing the new seeds given unto us by God, into our 
thoughts. So that the future generations may gain 
by what we hand down to them, in knowledge, so 
that they may freely advance in the same. 
- Surely, if those who think that this world is God's 



146 DA.RWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 

think that it is necessary to consecrate part of 
God's work before they bury their dead in the ground, 
they allow by doing so that this earth was not 
made by God, for they cannot allow that God's 
handiwork is evil, nor that they have the power in 
themselves to sanctify what God has made. Yet 
this is done by certain Churches. It is utterly im- 
possible that anything which God has made and 
pronounced good should become at any time and in 
any way evil, or sin. Those who say that God made 
mail in his own image, and that man by gaining 
knowledge fell into evil and sin, place God on the 
same level as themselves. God is the father of our 
soul, and of that alone, for in that alone can we 
pray to Him. 

" I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day," are the 
written words of St. John when he gives us the 
Revelation. 

I have read Mr. Darwin's books, " The Origin of 
Species," and " The Descent of Man." I have read 
them more than once, and thoughtfully. As they 
lie open on the table before me, I muse on their 
great usefulness to mankind. It is incredible to 
me that any Church or denomination which calls 
itself Christian, could ever have repulsed these 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 147 

books. All dogmas have allowed the sin and evil in 
mankind, all teachers of Christian religion have 
known the nearness of human nature to brute 
beasts ; they could not help seeing that some ani- 
mals trained by man were even better than some 
specimens of mankind. Why, then, when Mr. 
Darwin's books appeared, confirming the fact of 
our animal nature, did they not receive it as a light 
sent to them by God through the mind of man. 
Here was their opportunity for an evolution in re- 
ligious thought, a chance to induce mankind to for- 
sake his evil ways and conquer his animal nature. 
" Know how to possess your vessel in sanctification," 
means in plain words, Know how to conquer the 
animal you dwell in. Why, then, did not the 
Churches accept Mr, Darwin's book at once ? Was 
it pride, conceit, or shame in the teachers of spirit- 
ual things. Are spiritual teachers going to refuse 
all such knowledge as Mr. Darwin and other scien- 
tific students give us ? If so, they are bad watch- 
men, and we shall not cry unto them, " Watchmen, 
what of the night, is the day breaking ?" for they 
are blind. 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF 



WOMEN A NOTE. 

(Where I find in Mr. Darwin's book that the female is 
equal to the male, or superior to the male.) 

I quote his words about females. Page 35. "The 
two sexes generally resemble each other in all ex-, 
ternal characteristics during an early period of 
growth." 

Page 70. " It is certain that there may be extraor- 
dinary mental activity with an extremely small 
absolute mass of nervous matter. The brain of an 
ant is one of the most marvelous atoms of matter 
in the world, perhaps more so than the brain of a 



man." 



Page 114. "If men were reared under precisely 
the same conditions as hive bees, there can hardly be 
a doubt that our unmarried females would, like the 
worker-bees, think it a sacred duty to kill their 
brothers, and mothers would strive to kill their fer- . 
tile daughters, and no one would think it interfer- 

ing." 

Page 1 1 6. " Many birds and some mammals post 

sentinels, which in the case of seals are generally 
said to be the females." 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 149 

Page 134." As soon as marriage becomes com- 
mon, jealousy will lead to the inculcation of female 
virtue, and this being honored, will tend to spread to 
the unmarried females. How slowly it spreads to the 
male sex, we see at this present day. Chastity 
eminently requires self-command. Therefore, it has 
been honored in a very early period in the moral 
history of civilized man." 

Page 232. " The males of all mammals eagerly 
pursue the females." 

Page 237. " The female, with the rarest excep- 
tions, is less eager than the male ; she is coy, and 
may often be seen for a long time endeavoring to 
escape from, the male and accepts the male the 
least distasteful to her." 

Page 248. " There are many animals in which 
the two sexes closely resemble each other." 

Page 259. " There is more frequent defective 
development of males than females." 



Page 271. " It is hardly worth while saying any- 
thing about the proportion of the sexes in certain 
species and even groups of insects, for the males are 
unknown or very rare, and the females are arthenop- 



150 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 

genetic, that ig, fertile without sexual union, 
examples of this are afforded by several of the 
Cynipida. 



(Women equal to men or above them?) 

337. " In the male and female of butterflies, 
the part which the two sexes play is reversed, as is 
their relative beauty." 

Page 339. " From the ardor of the male through- 
out the animal kingdom, he is generally willing to 
accept any female, and it is the female which usually 
exerts a choice." 

Page 349. " We shall find that, as with insects, 
both sexes in certain groups are equally beautiful, 
and are equally provided with ornaments which are 
usually confined to the male sex." 

Page 364. " The males of certain fish do all the 
work, and afterwards take exclusive charge of the 
young." 

Page 464. " The peahens, when debarred from 
access to the pied peacock, would not unite with any 
other male, and during that season produced no off- 
spring." 

Page 492. " The laws of inheritance can alone 
account for the following cases, in which the female 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 151 

acquires late in life certain characters proper to the 
male, and ultimately comes to resemble him more 
or less completely. 

Page 500. " The ostrich, the male alone sits on the 
eggs and takes care of the young, the female is 
larger than the male, more courageous and pugilis- 
tic ; the male is more docile, and has to defend the 
young from their mother." 

Page 568. " The tigers, one of the most beautiful 
animals in the world, the sexes of which cannot be 
distinguished by color, even by the dealers in wild 
beasts." 

Page 638. " In almost every great classafew anom- 
alous cases occur, where there has been an almost 
complete transposition of the characters proper to 
the two sexes, the females assuming characters 
which properly belong to the males." 

Page 640. " We have distinct evidence, with some 
quadrupeds and birds, that the individuals of one 
sex are capable of feeling a strong antipathy or pref- 
erence for individuals of the other sex." 

Also, several peahens, when debarred from an 
admired male, remained widows during the whole 
season rather than pair with another bird. 



152 DABWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 



ANIMALS NOTE. 

(Note on characters in animals, which, if we call them 
male and female, and did not know it is of animals, we 
would think it is of man and woman.) 

I glean the following from Mr. Darwin's chapter 
on Mental Powers, without naming the animals. 

" Saw chasing and pretending to bite each 

other, like so many puppies." 

" An adopted scratched his affectionate 

who immediately examined the feet and without 

more ado bit off the claws." 

" Some took much delight in teasing a certain 

old dog whom they disliked, as well as other ani- 
mals." 

" Every one has seen how jealous is of his 

master's affections, if lavished on any other 
creature." 

" They love emulation, approbation and praise. 
They exhibit self-complacency or pride. They feel 
shame as distinct from fear, and something very 
like modesty, and also magnanimity ; they do not 
like being laughed at. They show a sense of 



DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 153 

humor. They feel wonder and exhibit curiosity. 
They enjoy excitement and suffer from ennui. 
They educate their young. They have passions, 
affections and emotions, jealousy, suspicion, emula- 
tion, gratitude, magnanimity. They practise deceit 
and are revengeful. They are susceptible to ridi- 
cule and even have a sense of humor. They possess 
some faculties of imitation, attention, deliberation, 
choice, memory, imagination, the association of 
ideas, and reason. They are liable to insanity. 



\. 



REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 



REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 

Genesis iv. 14-16. " And Cain said unto the Lord. . . 

" Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face 
of the earth ; and from thy face shall I be hid ; and I shall 
be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth ; and it shall come 
to pass that every one that findeth me shall slay me. 

..... " And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest 
any finding him should kill him. 

" And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord." 

" From the face of the earth ?" We understand 
this to mean from the semblance of mankind. 
" And from thy face shall I be hid," together with 
the words, " And Cain went from the presence of the 
Lord." We understand these to mean that Cain 
then lost his soul it is only by our soul that we can 
be in God's presence, and without the soul, we, in 
our bodies of clay, are hid from God. He sees us 
not except through our souls ; and without the soul 
mankind is only animal no different from the ani- 
mals. 

We paid one visit to the Chimpanzee named Chiko. 

[157] 



158 KKFLECTION8 ON' CAIN. 

When we first saw him he was seated, with his right 
hand clutching the bars of his cage above his head, 
which was dropping forward. The back of his head 
the neck, the shoulders, were 'human, and the first 
impression he gave us was this : We are looking at 
the back of a human man, a man in prison, a cap- 
tive, and a man who is overcome with despair, and 
without hope. Chiko raised his head and looked at 
us full in the eyes we felt convinced that this was 
a direct descendant of Cain, a man without a soul- 
This Chimpanzee was terribly human, he gaped and 
showed us bis beautiful set of teeth, he placed his 
hand on the top of his head as though trying to re- 
member something, then lay flat on his back and 
crossed his long arms on his breast and went to 
sleep in the exact position in which his cousins 
sleep, who have the double life which he has not, 
that is the life of the soul. Ah ! we thought, this 
is Cain, gone out of the presence of God ; once with 
men; now with animals. And every one that find- 
eth Cain's descendants try to slay them. " And the 
Lord set a mark upon Cain," and the mark is the 
mark of the animal. He is no longer the child of 
God, but the child of Satan, an animal, but an ani- 
mal also once of mankind. 



REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 159 

The sons of God are men with souls, the sons of 
the daughters of men, are men with no souls there- 
fore "The Lord said, My Spirit shall not always 
strive with man." And why ? Because " He also 
is flesh " and flesh is what we inherit from Satan's 
descendants ; animalsall of whom have some in- 
telligence, which in some animals is equal to man's 
intelligence, and far above the intelligence of some 
savage tribes. " A fugitive and a vagabond in the 
earth" are the descendants of Cain. The Chim- 
panzees are fugitives from mankind, vagabond in 
their life, and yet terribly human ; so much so that 
after looking Ghiko in the eyes, we do not under- 
stand why Science still hunts for a missing link be- 
tween animal and mankind. For how quickly man 
returns to the level of the Chimpanzee if he loses 
his mind ; that is, if his soul is clouded over ; and 
even to the same odor of the wild beast does man 
descend. Cain's punishment was to live on, and 
not die, no one was to slay him, it was God's com- 
mand, and whosoever did not obey God in this, 
" vengeance shall be taken of him sevenfold." 
With no soul, Gain's life ended as animal life ends, 
a complete death, and Cain lives on in the animal 
life now on this earth.. 



160 REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 

Now if we take the account of Cain literally, word 
by word as it is given to us in the Bible, this is what 
we have. Cain was the first-born child of Adam 
and Eve, whom the first interpreters of the Bible 
tell us were made in their body of clay, the exact 
image of God -yet they sinned. And that Eve said 
when Cain was born, " I have gotten a man from 
the Lord" Yet Cain was a murderer and a liar. 
Cain, we read, .was a tiller of the ground. Though 
the first-born son of this God-made pair, yet- on, 
Cain, we find, fell the curse ; that is, he was a tiller 
of the ground, which was cursed for Adam's .sake, in 
sorrow was he to eat of it all. the days of his life, 
thorns and thistles it brings forth to him, in the 
sweat of his face he was to eat bread.: ' "We ask, Is 
it possible that anything made in the exact image 
of God could sin, and be so , cursed by God ? In 
process of time it came to pass that Cain brought, 
of the fruit of the ground an offeringunto the Lord; 
This we read in the Bible was before Cain; had 
sinned. Why, then, we ask, bring an offering ? We 
understand an offering to be something given to a 
person to turn away their anger, or revenge from 
us, some one whom we have offended or whose 
power we fear. This we are told in. Natural Histo- 



REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 161 

ries, many animals understand, above all those who 
live much with mankind. Therefore it was an ani- 
mal instinct in Cain, he feared the power he felt to 
be in God, and as it was in process of time that Cain 
did this, he must 'have found that the practise of 
giving offerings worked well among his fellow-men ; 
for Cain at that time could not have been the only 
man on this earth besides Adam and Abel. Also 
Cain may be the name of a race of men, and an 
evil race, for the offering, we read, was not respected 
by God, that is, not accepted. And we read that 
because it was not respected, and the offering of 
Abel was respected, that Cain was very wroth and 
his countenance fell. Cain then could be very 
angry, and with whom ? With God. Many we find 
even in these days are angry with God ; for the 
same reason that Cain was angry. God does not 
accept their evil deeds ; so they blame God for the 
natural results of their evil deeds. They think that 
they have a right to be evil, and are angry because 
the result of their evil is not good to themselves. 
His countenance fell; that is, the animal in him 
was uppermost, not under control. 
Sin lieth at the door ; that is, sin is near thee, and 



102 REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 

yon will desire the things which sin desires. " And 
thou shalt rule over him," that is, sin will'obey you, 
and you can make sin do all you wish it to do ; you 
will rule sin. And Cain we know slew his -brother 
Abel, and when asked where Abel was, Cain lied, 
and said, " I know not." 

Then we come to the punishment of Cain ; and 
here we would ask the old interpreters to tell us 
why ? " Whosoever slayeth Cain vengeance shall 
be taken on him sevenfold," taking this literally, 
it is more of a sin to slay a murderer than the sin of 
the murderer ; literally, he is not to be slayed, but 
to be protected by God by a mark, so that no one 
should kill him. This seems strange to us ; we 
cannot believe that God protects sin. What we see 
in this account of Cain, is this : Cain is the child of 
Satan ; and driven by God from the face of the uni- 
verse ; that is, from heaven to this earth, hid from 
the face of God, because Satan is the father of sin 
a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth, that is 
driven away by those who by strength of their souls, 
are the children of God. A vagabond, that is, as 
we read in the book of Job, " going to and fro in the 
earth, and from walking up and down in it." And 
every one of God's children when they find sin shall 



REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 163 

slay sin. And we understand the vengeance to be 
taken on whosoever slayeth Cain, that is, the life of 
this earth, the life animal, which Satan created and 
not God ; vengeance will be taken ; for Satan ban- 
ished to this earth must live on ; for that is his 
punishment, the life in the clay goes on from one 
generation to another generation as long as this 
earth will last, but it dies with this earth. The life 
eternal is the soul alone, and that life is from God. 
The mark set upon Cain ? The old interpreters do 
not tell tis what this is. We think it is animal ; 
that is the life which is in the blood, spirit has not 
flesh and blood. Cain had- shed the blood of Abel, 
and the blood cried unto the Lord from the ground ; 
in the blood is animal life. And Cain went out 
from the presence of the Lord. We think this 
means the soul of Cain died, for in our souls alone 
can we be in the presence of the Lord, 



REFLECTIONS ON PAUL BOURGET'S " LE 

DISCIPLE." 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 

Having seen that M. Bourget is being well received 
in our native country, and not having read any of 
his writings, we got "Le Disciple," and have just 
read it through, not for the romance of the story, as 
we take no interest in romances. We have read 
this book in order to find out what prompted M. 
Bourget to write it, his motives, his object. -He 
tells us, in his preface, that his book is written for 
young men ; the young men of his native land, that 



is, France. We find that he loves his country, per- 
haps he fought in a war for his country. He does 
not find the young men of the present day such as 
he would wish to find them, and as he thinks the 
country needs a different kind of young man to 
make it go forward and not backward, and to 
impress the young, he writes this sad story, which 
all thinking persons know is only too true. 
We love our native land, and we would have our 

[167] 



168 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE. 

young people, both men and women, understand 
these things as M. Bourget has tried to make the 
young in his native land understand them. We are 
making an effort in this direction, though we abso- 
lutely loathe part of his writings, but he has been 
visiting in our native land, and will cause his book to 
be read there by our young people. The Old Book 
says, "Stolen waters are sweet," Proverbs ix:n 
which means that evil natures- find stolen things 
sweet. The thing that is forbidden, because evil, is 
considered sweet by some human natures, and 
because it is forbidden, they are determined to get 
it, totally indifferent to the evil it will work them or 
others. Doubtless these books of M. Bourget arouse 
and feed animal passion, but is it not partly because 
of the principle that " stolen waters are sweet ?" 
These things being hushed up, not spoken of, the 
mind dwells all the more on them in secret, feeds 
upon them, and so runs into greater evil. If they 
were not secret and not stolen, but made public, 
turned inside-out (we are speaking of thoughts), 
their merits, their influence on mind and matter dis- 
cussed, the sweetness would be taken out, the bitter 
would appear, the mind would no longer dwell upon 
these things, and human nature would become 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 169 

strong enough to read, see, think and hear of them, 
and still be in perfect control of its animal passions. 
To that extent we must evolve before the race of 
mankind can rise to a higher place. The old plan 
of secrecy has failed ; all things must be brought 
under the light of new ideas. 

Our young, people who are natives are, thank 
heaven ! very different from the young people in 
France. They have not taken pride in shameful 
things, nor have they gloried in them for the 
number of years that France has. Evil is not, there- 
fore, 'innate in our young people, but it can take 
root and grow, it can be covered with sugar to hide 
the bitter, and it can deceive the innocent and 
ignorant. We love our native land and her young 
people, and we are willing to fight for her to the 
last drop of our blood, earnestly, sincerely, and to 
the best of our knowledge. 

Now let us turn to M. Bourget's book, which lies 
open beside us as we write. 

He says that Science and religion may be recon- 
ciled on the ground of what is unknown. We say 
that they are not only reconciled, but that they are 
one and the same thing, not because of things 
unknown, but because Science, which honestly seeks 



170 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE/* 

the truth, is of God, for .God is Truth. Those who 
are God's in truth seek these truthful things, not to 
prove that there is no God, but to prove beyond a 
doubt that there is a God. Those who use Science 
against God, who gives it to us, only work out their 
own confusion, as M. Bourget has shown us in this 
book. 

We think that those persons who are free from 
passions are the best observers and dissectors. 
They are free from any influence one way or the 
other, and they judge the person who yields himself 
to these passions to be only animal. What makes 

* 

the difference between man and animal ? Without 
the control given by the soul, there is no difference. 
The reason we do not permit our souls to govern 
our animal bodies is because we have not trained 
ourselves to mark and heed our double nature. As 
M. Bourget says : " We know that we must die, but 
we do not believe it, and we only become attached 
to what we feel is real." We feel that God is real, 
and that the life of our soul is real we do not mean 
life in the body, but the eternal life of the soul. 
Our soul is attached to God, and we are making this 
effort so that our young people may know that all 
that wins them to this present life is not real. 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 



Though M. Bourget seems to think that one cannot 
be happy without earthly joys of the animal life, we 
would tell him that there are joys on this earth 
unknown to him, which are real joys, for they die 
not with animal life. M. Bourget has proved in this 
book that all human nature, if without the restrain- 
ing influence of the soul and belief in its immor- 
tality, does sink again to its origin, which is fero- 
cious animal. But animals are responsible ; you 
have only to study them in anything else but man- 
kind, and you will find that they are responsible and 
that they know it, that is, to the extent that their 
natures permit them to know it. Does a dog set to 
guard a house know that he is responsible or not ? 
How is it that the young man who allows that he is 
two distinct persons, one who acts, the other who. 
looks on at the one who acts, does not understand 
the responsibility of the one who looks on ? Is he 
so intelligent and yet so ignorant as not to under- 
stand his soul and body ? 

" We agree about the pious lies. They should 
never be told above all, to children, who see the 
He at once. Is not the Roman Catholic Church re- 
sponsible for these lies? The Church forgives 
these lies, and we know that the God of Truth has 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 

not given any one power to forgive lies. " Suffer 
little children to come unto me," said the Son of 
God, and when they come with questions, we suffer 
them not to come by giving them lies, which they 
know are lies. Is it not a shame that we cannot 
answer children with the truth ? It would be bet- 
ter, we think, to answer the truth, if we know it 
ourselves, or to say we cannot, as we do not know 
it ; but let it be the truth. 

In our native land girls grow up to womanhood 
ignorant of the sexes, to a certain extent. Though 
it is hard to make a Frenchman believe this, it is, 
nevertheless, true of our grandmothers' days. In 
France such ignorance is impossible, therefore, this 
terrible story of M. Bourget's is all the more harm- 
ful to the young woman. American girls know how 
to take care of themselves. Let us hope M. Bour- 
get's books will not lessen their desire to continue 
to take care of themselves. 

M. Bourget speaks of " the obscure element which 
cannot be communicated." He cannot understand 
that it is the soul, and that no one can make an- 
other person understand the soul within him. The 
soul being from God, is open before God alone. 
We do not agree with M. Bourget " that not daring 



KEFLEOTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 173 

to show oneself is to isolate oneself, and to isolate 
oneself is to prefer oneself." We think this depends 
upon whether we think only of ourselves, or 
whether we think of the world at large. 

We also differ from the priest whose subject in 
his sermons was always the vengeance of God. We 
think that we ourselves make the punishment we 
suffer and will suffer hereafter. We make it, not 
God. 

M. Bourget in his book goes on to prove, better 
than we can, how truly man is animal when he tries 
to kill his own soul and the soul of another. No 
moral argument can be stronger than this disgust- 
ing book, if it be read by any one capable of feeling 
that he has a moral right to be above this groveling 
animal which he calls man. M. Bourget goes on 
to prove, beyond a doubt, our argument, that the 
curse which fell upon mankind Was, and is, that in 
his human body he is .the direct descendant of 
Satan in the flesh ; that man came from animal, and 
only animal. It is a revolting idea, but M. Bourget's 
young man, as he here describes him, is also re- 
volting, and he tells us he is real. He tells us of the 
viper, and that the dangerous beast seemed to him 
to care for nothing but to multiply life ; indifferent 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 

as to its being for good or evil, it goes on multiply- 
ing life. In the Biblical account of the fall of man- 
kind, the serpent is said to be Satan ; the temptation 
is to know good from evil, and to live forever. We 
think the temptation was to create after their own 
image, which they did, and created not good but 
evil, for Cain, their first child, was a murderer and- 
a liar, the first child in the flesh of Satan. Instead 
of living forever they created death. The earth 
was cursed for Adam's sin ; thorns and thistles it 
will bring forth ; mankind shall eat the herbs of 
the field, even as animals, being now become ani- 
mal. Being taken from the ground must mean 
being evolved from the ground, and to it he must 
return when dead. Eve was to bring forth children 
after their image, and this necessity is called a 
curse. Science is undoubtedly of God, for it seeks 
truth. Why try to prove that Science is against 
God ? 

We think that whatever is inherited and evil we 
should overcome ourselves. We are not wooden 
machines ; we have souls, minds, reason and will. 
If evil is inherited we can understand it, we can see 
it and find the remedy in ourselves. Because it is 
inherited is no excuse for us ; it is our duty to our- 



REFLECTIONS ON U LE DISCIPLE." If 5 

selves to overcome it, and if we do not we are ani- 
mal only. M. Bourget has written a story for young 
women which will prepare them to resist the cruel 
animal in man- ; they will understand that passion 
is not love ; it is cruel, selfish, and as base as the 
lowest animal worse than" the lowest animal. No 
man has pity in his nature, according to this book, 
since M. Bourget tells us here that men are like ani- 
mals. When their passions are gratified they forget 
it, and are without it. He gives us in this story a 
vivid account of the innate cruelty of man hunting 
a soul to death. 

M. Bourget speaks here of the passion in a soul. 
He means the mind and the body. A soul has no 
passion, though it has love. We find in this story 
the assertion that a man only takes pleasure in the 
ruin of a girl, when a girl is pure and innocent. 
The intense pleasure such a victim gives a man is, 
we think, proof that mankind in the flesh is a direct 
descendant of Satan. The knowledge that what he 
is doing is a sin against God is the reason of his ' 
intense pleasure ; stolen waters to him are sweet 
because they are stolen. True knowledge, Science, 
and true reason, would never call the death- of purity 
a pleasure. And again, M. Bourget's book proves 



170 REFLECTIONS ON " 1,75 DISCIPLE." 

that we can think ourselves into a passion for any 
one or anything. If so, we can also think ourselves 
out of a passion for any one or anything. We are, 
therefore, responsible beings and we shall be judged 
as such. 

Work, Yes, we have been told by God that work 
is honorable and our safeguard. 

We then have another terrible account of this 
young, man, which makes us ask, Are these the 
children of the Roman Catholic Church ? They 
bring shame on the French nation, and they will 
also bring ruin. Such are all men who have no be- 
lief in God. They think, but they are mistaken, 
that the 2 will die with the body ; alas ! the / never 
dies. 

Again we find proof in this book that the body of 
flesh is of Satan and of sin, and that the soul revolts 
at times against the body it dwells in. We also find 
that French girls must be brought lip with no self -dis- 
cipline, no restraint. For a person with a vivid im- 
agination, M. Bourget's book is a terrible one, with 
power to do much evil to any one who has a weak 
mind, or a weak will. 

We say that our actions belong to this earth, for 
this earth is Satan's ; and our souls and the wills of 



REFLECTIONS ON ' LB DISCIPLE. 177 

our souls are not of this earth, and it is our duty to 
conquer the animal we dwell in. 

Nevertheless, man is responsible, as his soul 
does not inherit the animal nature, and his soul has 
power to think and reason. If any young man 
should place the responsibility of his crime on the 
man whose books he reads and whose teachings he 
tries to follow, let us think of the responsibility of 
those who not only write books of bad morals, but 
of those who also write books to try to prove that 
there is no God. On the judgment day, which will 
surely come, how many will stand up and say, 
"That man's books are responsible for my sins." 
In a Book written many years ago we have this, 
"The man said, The woman thou gavest me, she 
gave me the fruit to eat. And the woman said, 
The serpent beguiled me and I did eat." Neither 
said, " It is I who have sinned." 

M. Bourget is again wrong, for a soul stands by 
itself ; it cannot be, as he says, united to another 
soul. There is no such thing as a human, soul, for a 
soul is spirit and cannot die. M. Bourget does not 
understand our double nature, as he speaks of a 
human body being a soul. 

If a man deserves death for having ruined a 



178 REFLECTIONS OK " LE DISCIPLE.' 

woman, then how many men in France to-day have 
that sentence hanging over them ? 

Now we come to the account of the young man 
who destroys a letter to hide the truth it contains, 
but no one sees him do it. This is truly French ; 
to do evil and not to let it be found out, is not doing 
wrong according to their ideas ; the wrong in do- 
ing evil is in letting it be found out. Did they truly 
believe that God sees them, they would feel within 
themselves that the evil is in doing evil, and they 
would restrain themselves. This young man only 
does his duty when he knows that others know that 
the letter contained the truth, and that he had read 
it. 

The man who writes on the physiology of God, 
must believe in God, or else he uses God's name 
ironically. If he can say, " Our Father in Heaven," 
he believes in God. In trying to dig up the weeds 
which the dogmas of the Churches have not only 
let grow, but have also cultivated, so that these 
weeds hide the pure truth of God, given to us by 
Christ, these writers have destroyed the flower of 
the true root, but the root itself lives forever, and 
they cannot destroy it.- 

The French think nothing of suicide, yet it is 



REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 179 

murder, and a cowardly act in any one but a 
maniac. 

All men think that all women are fair " game." 
They also believe that every woman has her price. 
It would be difficult to try to persuade a Frenchman 
that in thinking so he is ignorant of the nature and 
character of the women of other countries than his 
own. If the French women have permitted this 
belief to become universal among the men of their 
country, they have no one to blame but themselves. 
If all women were determined that this should be 
changed, what could prevent its being changed? 
It is a thing which is within their power, but it 
must be the will of all women, not of a few among 
many. 

If M. Bourget has so low an opinion of women 
he should not forget that one woman, unaided, once 
saved France, which, in his eyes, must have been 
unsexing herself, for she did what a man should 
have done. What a man did not and could not then 
do, Jeanne D'Arc accomplished. As M. Bourget 
loves his country, he should, for Jeanne's sake, re- 
spect women, and not say that they unsex them- 
selves if they accomplish such deeds as those of 
Jeanne D'Arc. Is it better for a woman to fight for 



180 KKFLICOTIONS ON <f LI? DISCIPLTC." 

her country, or to yield herself to a cruel, selfish 
young man, and then kill herself ? 

M. Bourget stands in the same position as a shep- 
herd of a flock. He has proved it in this book, and 
as one sows so will one reap here and hereafter. 
And the hereafter is the only lasting thing in true 
life. He is teaching and training young France, 
male and female, and in reading his books they can 
only be animal, and all races of animals die out 
within a number of years. Does he not fear for his 
country France ? 

The soul governs the animal. If young France 
has no soul living within its animal alas ! for 
France. 

Science and knowledge are of God, for whatever 
honestly seeks for truth is of God, for God is Truth. 
If you set out to study Science, determined to turn 
it against God, you will manage to do so, for Satan 
has done so before yon. If you study Science as 
coming from God, freeing your mind from the old 
dogmas,, you will be using the things of God as 
God's, and your reward will be glorious. 

This book of M. Bourget's is Animal, wholly 
Animal, nothing but Animal. 

We have spoken of our positive assurance of the 



KEJ?LEOTIONS ON " ; LE DISCIPLE." 181 

life of the soul after the death of the body, and of 
the positive belief which we have of the joyful hap- 
piness of the soul, which, when on this earth in the 
body had faith in God through Christ. 

We thank M. Bourget for having written this 
book. He has given us a realistic account of the 
animal nature of mankind, uncontrolled by the 
spirit, or soul, or conscience, all of which dwell in 
both man and woman. 

In thinking over this true account of what must 
take place, not once, but frequently, among many 
men and women, and in comparing this with the 
animal nature in what we call animals, we find that 
the latter truly have morals of a higher standard 
than mankind's. Cruelty, also, is more marked in 
mankind than in what we call animals. We defy 
any one who has read M. Bourget's book, to prove 
the contrary of what we here say. 

REFLECTION. 

What is the reason that some persons, when they 
hear anything of another which is out of the beaten 
track, at once think that it is evil, and credit the 
person with evil and impure thoughts and inten- 



182 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE. ' 

tious, without knowing at all that such is the case ? 
The person they so accuse may be so pure minded 
that things in nature arouse no impure thoughts or 
intentions in his mind. The only reason can be, 
that those who accuse have impure thoughts, not 
the person 'accused. Some have so weakened them- 
selves by always thinking evil, that they cannot 
hear, Or see, or read anything without turning it to 
evil in their minds. We have not advanced far in 
the Christian faith if we cannot check this at once. 
We do not see this in the lower animals. Can it 
be possible that they are nearer to God than man ? 
The story of M. Bourget's book is this : A young 
Frenchman studies Science, the result being that he 
does not believe in a God, and is a God to himself. 
He yields to the slightest animal feeling that he 
finds in himself, and considers that it is creditable 
to do so. He then coolly makes experiments, and 
sets out in cold blood to see if he can ruin a pure 
girl, the zest of the pleasure to him being that the 
girl is pure and innocent. To do this he works 
systematically, thinking it all over in a cold, cruel 
way, totally unknown to the lower animals. He 
succeeds in what he sets out to do. The girl kills 
herself and the girl's brother kills the young man. 



KEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 183 

M. Bourget uses the plainest words to describe all 
this, and the story appears to be undoubtedly 
founded on fact. It would not be difficult to find 
many true stories in the world like this one. 

Mankind in his animal nature, we say, says he is 
the image of God. What is his conception of God ? 
Let us now see if we are higher or lower than the 
lowest animals. 

ARE WE HIGHER THAN ANIMALS ? 

A long time ago these words were written in a 
very old Book, " Go to the ant, thou sluggard ; con- 
sider her ways and be wise ; which having no guide, 
overseer, or ruler, provideth her meat in the sum- 
mer, and gathereth her food in the harvest." Prov- 
erbs vi : 6. 

" There be four things which are little upon the 
earth, but they are exceeding wise. The ants are a 
people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in 
summer. The conies are but a feeble folk, yet they 
make their houses in the rocks. The locusts have 
no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands. 
The spider taketh hold with her hands, and is in 
kings' palaces." Proverbs xxx : 25. 

This advice, given to mankind so long ago with 



184 BEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 



the assurance that to follow it would make us wise, 
has taken man eighteen hundred and ninety-thi'ee 
years to understand, and it is not until now that we 
have consented to consider the ant's ways. We 
notice here that the ant is spoken of as a female, not 
male ; yet we are told if we consider her ways we 
will be wise. Wisdom, then, can be found in 
women. 

Let i\s now turn to "The Industries of Animals," 
by Frederic Houssay, 1893. He tells us that he has 
gone to the ant and considered her ways. He shows 
us that her ways are far higher than primitive man's, 
who was first frugivorous, before he began to nour- 
ish himself with the flesh of other animals ; he then 
had to hunt and fish. His intelligence was still fee- 
ble, and was entirely concentrated on hunting ani- 
mals to eat, or defending his territory against wild 
beasts, and tribes of his fellows who would diminish 
his provisions. These were the first industries of 
man. He tells us that ants reduce their own species 
to slavery, and whoever reads this account of their 
manner of obtaining slaves, must ponder if it is of 
ants or men that M. Houssay writes. When men 
make slaves, they capture the young and bring them 
up to be slaves ; so do the ants. 



KEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 185 

The wars of the ants all resemble human wars ; 
their harvesting and their granaries cost them col- 
ossal labor, and they prevent the grains from ger- 
minating for some weeks. They dry all their pro- 
visions in the sun, take them back to the barns, and 
live off the flour as long as the winter lasts. There 
are gardening ants and leaf-cutting ants. Now, 
surely, whoever wrote about the ant in the old, old 
Book, must have seen all this work of the ants, 
though he does not give us the details as M. Hous- 
say has kindly given them to the world. The old 
writer says that though the ant has no guide, over- 
seer, or ruler, she provideth her meat in the sum- 



mer, and gathereth her food in the harvest. M 
Houssay tells us that there are degrees of civiliza- 
tion in the same species of ants, and that they behave 
as in human society. They have pens and paddocks ; 
they are masons and work in association ; they have 
much intelligence and industry, and they are, of all 
animals, those whose psychic faculties bring them 
nearest to man. Like man, they have a language. 
They combine their efforts, and there is no human 
industry in which the ant is not perfect. They also 
attend to personal hygiene. No wonder that the old 



186 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 



old writer in the old Book tells the sluggard that if 
he will consider the ways of the ant, he will be 
wise. 

BY PERMISSION. 

From the Paris New York Herald, 1893. 
THE INTELLECT OF THE ANT. 

M. Camilla Flammarion argues that it is something higher 
than instinct, only less than human. 

An Extraordinary World, Revealing Wonderful Intellectual 

Conditions. 

The infinitely small is, perhaps, in all the work- 
ings of nature, that which brings us cltfsest to the 
infinitely great. 

I had spent long hours of the marvelous night 
in the study of the systems of the double stars that 
gravitate in the far-away skies ; I had, with special 
interest, observed a handsome group of two suns 
more gigantic even than ours the one of a bright 
ruddy red, the other of a translucid sapphire blue, 
which revolve round one another in the period of 
two thousand years, and distribute to the human 
races of their far-away systems many colored days 
and sunny nights unknown to our planet. I had 



REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 1ST 

even gone to the length of calculating that a train, 
rapid as the lightning, traveling at a uniform rate of 
one hundred kilometres the hour, would occupy no 
less than five hundred million years to reach this 
universe, and I had pondered on the varied condi- 
tions of life upon the unnumbered worlds of the 
heavens worlds the endless succession of which 
continue beyond the uttermost bounds by which 
the mind would limit unlimited space when, in the 
morning, crossing the lawn, my eye fell upon two 
ants chattering animatedly together. 

Their talk was of a beetle lying in the grass, 
deadened, perhaps, by the cold morning air, and 
which one ant desired to carry off to the anthill, 
but which was much too heavy for her. 

DISCUSSING THE MATTER. 

Was her companion not disposed to assist her? 
Had she other work to do ? Did she doubt the 
edible quality of the victim ! Did she understand 
that the load would still be too heavy for two little 
bodies like herself and her friend ? Did she raise 
an objection about the length of the journey ? I 
cannot say, but the fact is that she was in no hurry 
to accede to her companion's request, and showed, 



188 REFLECTIONS ON THE 

by the thousand different ways in which she with 
her antennae touched those of her friend; that her 
mind was not made tip on the subject. A third 
ant came along and joined in the conversation, and 
then a fourth. Their decision was soon made 
now. All four moved off with their prey, headed 
by the one who ha'd discovered the beetle, and I 
learned, by following them, what had been the sub- 
ject of their excited debate. 

The sun-rays were already warming the earth. 
The beetle made a feeble resistance doubtless he 
had been seriously injured. The quartet pulled, 
pushed and rolled him along so energetically that 
eventually they succeeded in getting him to their 
abode, but five yards away from where the little 
counsel had been held. 

Those sedate souls who would like to think, but 
fear to get too far from the earth by studying the 
conditions of life in other worlds than ours, would 
be well inspired, and could pass many a pleasant 
hour in the contemplation of our own planet, of the 
multitudinous manifestations of mysterious nature. 
A visit to an anthill alone is as great an experience 
as a journey to the Milky Way. Intelligence has 
gone through the same developing process in the 



REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 189 

case of the insects as in the case of the grand mam- 
inifers gradually, progressively and more quickly 
than in the case of man, for the ants have been 
millions of years in advance of mankind. Our race 
might not yet have appeared on the surface of the 
globe. Only a stature like ours has been lacking 
in the ants to enable them to secure the empire of 
the world. 

A LITTLE REVOLUTION. 

Disturb a few ants in their stroll outside their 
abode. In a trice some of them hurry into their 
galleries, raise the alarm in the community, and in 
a second all this little world is in revolution. While 
a portion of the workers hastily begin to carry the 
larvae into the deepest recesses of their dwelling, 
others go bravely out to reconnoitre the danger and 
drive off the enemy. Look at those which meet at 
some distance from the centre of agitation. They 
rub their antennae together and in two or three 
movements convey the alarming news. If an ant 
finds a pot of jam it first puts into practise the 
principle that charity begins at home, and then 
goes off, to return with half a dozen friends, who 
follow its example anc} in their turn soon summon 



190 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 

a crowd of guests, who set merrily to work. When 
it is a question of caterpillars to be carried, Sir 
John Ltibbock has noticed that the number of ants 
comprised in the expedition corresponds pretty 
closely to the number of larvae to be carried. 

Sometimes the two ants are seen to stop, question 
each other with their antennae, and if they are 
agreed, engage in a sort of boxing match, like 
wrestlers at fairs. (This was first observed by 
Huber and has been carefully verified.) Sometimes, 
too, an ant may be seen to try to convince another 
in pantomime, and if it does not succeed, to take its 
obstinate friend upon its shoulders and carry it to 
the desired goal, a process which is shorter than a 
speechmaking. 

INTELLIGENCE NOT INSTINCT. 

Any one who studies the works of architecture, 
masonry and engineering executed by ants, and 
their industrial and military organization, cannot 
fail to be convinced that they communicate their 
impressions to one another and make arrangements 
among themselves for carrying out their plans. 
That this is intelligence and not instinct may be 
demonstrated whenever they are given an oppor- 



REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 191 

tnnity of proving 1 it. One day a silk grower 
noticed that the ants, which were very partial to 
his silk-worms, climbed up a mulberry tree and 
annoyed the caterpillars until they let go their hold 
and fell to the ground, where an army of carriers 
lost no time in bearing them away. To put an end 
to this raiding, the observer (M. F. Besson) made a 
ring of birdlime on the trunk of the tree, and for 
four days the barrier proved impassable. On the 
fifth day an engineer appeared on the scene. An 
ant brought a large grain of sand in its jaws, placed 
it in the birdlime, and then went down again. The 
other ants came and examined in turn this embryo 
bridge, descended and after about ten minutes 
every ant that came up brought his grain of sand. 
At the end of half an hour the bridge reached right 
across the birdlime, and was wide enough for four 
ants to march abreast. The observer had not the 
heart to destroy their work and rewarded their 
intelligence by abandoning the mulberry tree to 
them. 

Ants have been observed, when stopped in an 
expedition by a stream of water, to form a bridge, 
made of a chain of workers, clinging each to the 
other, over which the army passed dry shod. When 



192,. REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 

all had crossed, the living bridge disintegrated, and 
the ants which composed it strove, often in vain, to 
reach the shore. 

NOT INFERIOR. 

All these facts give unquestionable proof of 
intellectual combination. The study of this little 
world strangely upsets the idea of the inferiority of 
insects generally received among men. People 
think that they know all about these little creatures 
when they have examined an anthill, have seen the 
larvae arranged in their cradles, moved from place 
to place several times daily according to the 
intensity of the solar heat, fed with constant care 
by little nurses who love their charges more than, 
they do themselves ; when they have seen these 
nurses anxiously watching the slightest movement 
of the heads of the larvae and put a tiny drop of 
nourishing liquid into their mouths before they 
have time to be hungry, or, when the nymph is 
born, they have watched these careful guardians 
aid nature and daintily tear the silken tissues with 
their mandibles in order to facilitate the passage of 
the head. .But their cities are nothing beside some 



REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.- 193 

of the parts which we are astonished to see them 
play. 

For example, their cattle, their milch cows, their 
stables ! Strange as it may seem, many ants have 
their milch cows which they tend and milk ; their 
flocks and herds which they keep in special stables, 
which they consider as their property, which they 
defend against their enemies, which they take with 
them when they change their dwelling. These 
flocks are aphides and gall insects. 

EVEN CEMETERIES. 

This varied social organization, these castes, these 
professions, this division of labor, these cities as 
populous as London and Paris, and in which all the 
inhabitants know one another, these enmities 
between citizens of two neighboring cities, these 
territories organized and defended, these wars and 
these battles all this reveals intellectual conditions 
scarcely inferior to those of the savage human races 
who are to be observed still in Central Africa or in 
the Islands of Oceanica. Ants even have ceme- 
teries. 

Shall we speak of their marriages, of the hour of 
love a.nd pleasure, in which can be' seen clouds pf 



194 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 

winged ants, males and females, flying away in the 
air on the evening of a warm autumn day and dash- 
ing through the electrified atmosphere as a fantas- 
tic circle, intoxicated, distracted, seemingly seized 
with madness, carried away quivering above aerial 
landscapes, still rising and pursuing one another in 
the gold and purple of the setting sun, seeking up 
above some point of support to allow of their grow- 
ing passion being satisfied, settling indeed on tow- 
ers, belfries and roofs, making the inoffensive 
passer-by an aid and an accomplice, and rolling in 
such dizziness that on that very night, calmed and 
exhausted passion extinguishes the idyl in annihila- 
tion and death. The males, aged twelve days, only, 
die off, and the next day the sun shines on their 
corpses. Birds soon rid the earth of these. The 
females tear off their wings, and for them also love 
has no to-morrow. The neuter ants surround them, 
finish off the dislocation of their wings, take care of 
them, feed them, and await the precious fruits of 
that hour of intoxication, the eggs, the future of the 
community. That hour has indeed sufficed to fer- 
, tilize the winged female, which, having become a 
mother and deprived of her wings, will live for eight 



REFLECT IONS ON THE ANT, 195 

or nine years in the nest without ceasing to lay 
eggs. 

AN EXTRAORDINARY WORLD. 

As will be seen, we have here an extraordinary 
world in every respect worthy of tlie attention of 
the observer, a world different from ours assuredly, 
but one in which analysis reveals intellectual pro- 
cesses which one would not dare to admit if they 
had not been scrupulously studied. Here we have 
a small being which thinks. Let us not go beyond 
this fact. An ant's brain thinks and contains a whole 
world of impressions, ideas, judgments and reason- 
ings. That is all I want to submit to-day to the 
reflection of men who think for themselves. 

I have had the curiosity to find out how much 
such a brain weighs. In order to find out, I weighed 
some neuter ants (the others do not count) of vari- 
ous descriptions in groups of a hundred, and I have 
found, among other results, that the red ant, the 
most common in our countries, weighs fifteeen centi- 
grammes per hundred. An ant weighs, then, a 
milligramme and a half. The same process has 
shown me that the weight of the head is about one- 
third of that of the body that is to say, half a mil- 
ligramme and dissection shows that the cerebral 



196 KEFLKCTIONS GIST THE ANT. 

system of this insect amounts to one-third of the 
weight of the head, that is to say, sixteen-hundredths 
of a milligramme. 

It results from all this that the brain of the ant 
weighs about a tenth of the weight of the body, 
that is, sixteen-hundredths of. a milligramme. It 
thus requires six of them to make a milligramme, 
and six thousand to make a gramme. It is in this 
minute grain that all these ideas and their combin- 
ations are formed, and act. What is life and what 
is thought ? In truth, this little brain equals in 
grandeur the whole Milky Way, which the flight of 
light at the rate of three hundred thousand kilo- 
metres per second, takes twenty thousand years to 
traverse. 

FLAMMARION. 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

l>97] 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

If they hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will 
they be persuaded though one rose from the dead. Luke 
16:31. 

These words spoken by my Lord and Master, 
Jesus Christ, send my reflections back to Moses. 

Moses I find was considered by his mother as 
being "a goodly child," therefore she saved him 
from the fate of the children of the Hebrews in 
Egypt, whom Pharaoh ordered to be cast into the 
river. The mother of Moses could not escape the 
command, but she did what she could to save her 
child, it was taken to the brink of the river in a 
basket and his sister watched near by. Three 
women saved the life of Moses, his mother, his 
sister and the king's daughter. " A goodly child," 
doubtless means perfect in shape and form ; there 
were, then, born children who were not "goodly" 
children, no doubt marked in some way by the 
animal descent. 



200 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

But Moses was saved, and, as we all know, he 
was brought up by Pharaoh's daughter, who was a 
princess of the land of Egypt. As we do not hear 
of him again until he is a grown man, it is reason- 
able to believe that he was taught all there was to 
learn in Egypt, and that leading the children of 
Israel out of Egypt to another land, he could not 
have failed to teach them what he had learned him- 
self in the Egyptian schools. Moses certainly 
civilized the children of Israel, and by his laws 
raised them from beasts to mankind, for his laws 
prove the condition of the children of Israel ; as no 
law was made by Moses but what was needed at 
that time. The high state of civilized Egypt made 
Moses what he proved to be in the Bible account of 
him. The children of Israel had been slaves for 
many, many years, and Moses had the hard task of 
civilizing them, and purifying them according to 
what he had been taught in Egypt. 

As I journeyed in Egypt to the first cataract on 
the River Nile, seeing the old temples with their 
illustrated walls, the Old Testament came fresh to 
my mind at each step of the way ; and Christ and 
what He taught when on this earth. Christ refers 
us to Moses and the Prophets and tells us we must 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

hear what they tell us, adding that we must search 
for the meaning of what they have written. Many- 
have tried to do so, and have given us what they 
thought they had found, and on their own interpre- 
tation they have founded the dogmas of the various 
Churches ; but we are not to rest there. We must 
still in each generation search the Scriptures with 
whatever new light we have gained. 

In the parliament of religion we have by J. A. S 
Grant, Bey of Cairo, Egypt, what he says of the 
ancient Egyptian religion : " Manetho, an ancient 
Egyptian priest and historian, 280 B. C., wrote in 
Greek a history of his country and people." Here 
then is Manetho's way of putting it First, it is a 
kind of evolution ; which in these days Mr. Darwin 
has explained to us, and which Moses by his laws 
to the Hebrew people helped to carry out, raising 
them morally. 

Manetho says that the first dynasty was taken up 
with the creation of the world. So Moses tells us in 
Genesis. 

Manetho says the second dynasty probably 
became so through some great change that took 
place on the creation of man (evolution from animal 
form to man) the gods now were ruling over ; while 



202 REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS. 

at the same time they had free intercourse with 
roan. So Moses tells us of Adam and Eve (man- 
kind) to whom God spoke in the Garden of Eden. 

Manetho says that from some cause the gods 
withdrew from man and had no further intercourse 
with him. So Moses tells us, after the fall of Adam 
and Eve, in the book of Genesis, that God had no 
more intercourse with Adam after what is called his 
fall. 

Manetho says that man was ill at ease, being 
unable to have intercourse with the gods, that the 
gods had pity on man and lowered themselves to 
the level of man, partaking of his nature, and thus 
came to earth to have friendly intercourse with man. 
Moses told the children of Israel that God would 
raise up a prophet like to himself, to lead and teach 
the people, and we believe this prophet to be Jesus 
Christ, who lowered himself to partake of the 
nature of man, so that by Him and through Him 
God again spoke unto man. The evolution, how- 
ever, by Christ was not to our human bodies, but 
to our human minds, we were to think, to ponder, to 
search, to advance in strength of mind and soul. 
Then the Egyptians, I find, not knowing Christ 
whose coming they foreshadowed, taught that there 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 203 

were families of demi-gods. They seemed to fore- 
see that Christ would be half God, half man ; his 
double nature in which we believe, his coming 
would bring us good. 

Manetho says, "That the belief in the death of 
Osiris on acccount o sin, was the only atoning sac- 
rifice in the Egyptian religion." Here, of course, 
is our belief that the death of Christ on account of 
sin in the world was the atoning sacrifice. That 
sin was the cause of the death of Christ, I fully 
believe ; but I cannot help thinking that atonement 
belongs not to God. It is so human a failing, so 
earthly in gaining something, that to my mind it 
belongs not to God. 

Man soon learned on this earth that a gift, an 
offering, turned man's anger away from another 
man, they were pacified by gaining something as a 
gift. In their ignorance of God, they judged Him 
to be the same as man. What can we give to God ? 
What are our earthly lives to Him ? Death will 
come to all in any way. Jesus lived in the human 
body,' doomed to die as all human bodies must die. 
Man behaved then as he behaves even now. Christ 
showed man his great sins and faults so plainly 
that, man thinking himself a demi-god, a being in- 



204: REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

capable of thinking or doing wrong, was angry with 
Jesus and so put Him to death. They had, as Jesus 
told them, slain all the prophets whom God had 
sent to them ; they still continue to do so. This 
human creation of Satan resists to the end any 
effort on God's part to raise them into being living 
souls. It is innate in the creation of evil to resist 
good, they are blind and deaf to the good that God 
would do them, and instead of following Jesus they 
crucified Christ. God is a Spirit ; what atonement 
can earth and dust make to Him. God is not man 
and thinks not as man ; why, then, an atonement, 
if human nature can forgive and forget an injury 
without a gift of any kind. Can human nature be 
above God ? Christ's death was not an atonement. 
He went willingly to his death when He went 
his last journey to Jerusalem, and He knew when 
resisting the temptation in the desert that Satan or 
Evil would put Him to death. He had conquered 
Evil by spiritual strength, and Satan, the prince of 
this world, was determined to kill all that he had 
the power to kill, and that was the human life of 
Jesus. Christ by his example has taught us that all 
earthly things are nothing in comparison to our re- 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 205 

sisting evil. " Fear not those who can only kill the. 
body but cannot kill the soul." 

The Roman Church has taken, not only from the 
Egyptian religion, but from many pagan religions, 
to make up their Church service, and as from the 
Roman Church all other Churches have borrowed, 
they also have much that is pagan. What injury 
can we do to God ? The injury by sin we do to our- 
selves, how then can we make an atonement to God ? 
Atonement belongs to this earth ; we should atone 
to our souls for the injury which our animal nature 
has done to the soul, for the soul is the real I and 
not the body of clay. If we injure others we should 
atone to them while on this earth, but we are all the 
time doing our own soul harm, and to it we should 
atone. 

My idea o God makes it impossible to atone for 
anything to Him, for does my life and death change 
in any way the order and laws of the heavens and 
earth, or any one's life or death stop the course of 
the sun and moon, and stars, and earth ? Why then 
think that we can make an atonement to God ! or 
that the death of Christ in the flesh was an atone- 
ment for our bodies of flesh and blood. Christ 
died for ns, as He was born for us, suffered for us, 



206 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

and rose from the dead visibly to his disciples 
whether inspirit or flesh, it was also for us; but 
we must work out our own salvation in fear and 
trembling. Mr. Grant tells us that, " The Egyptians 
had a moral code in which not one of the Christian 
virtues is forgotten purity, charity, sobriety, gen- 
tleness, self-command in word and action, chastity, 
and the protection of the weak, benevolence toward 
the needy, deference to superiors, respect for prop- 
erty in its minutest details." All this Moses hav- 
ing learned in Egypt, he taught the children of Is- 
rael, and Jesus has told us to hear Moses. Mr. Grant 
tells us that Osiris, Isis and Horns, father, mother 
and son, were worshiped in Egypt as a triad ; and 
Isis is represented with Horns as a sucking child on 
her knee, and this, he says, gave origin to the com- 
bination of the Madonna and Infant on her knee in 
the Christian religion. He adds, " This worship of 
the Madonna was a cunning device to gain over the 
pagans to Christianity, who saw in it their Isis of 
Ashtaroth as the case might be." In my reflections 
on this, I have to say that the word Christian here 
should be changed to Roman, for Christ did not tell 
us to worship the Virgin Mary. The Christian re- 
ligion is only that which is of Christ, and as I have 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 207 

said before, we can not find Christ in the Roman 
Church ; so many other names are worshiped there, 
first in importance, that Christ in -the purity and 
truth of his teachings cannot be found there. 

Then I would here say that when I saw in Egypt 
the carvings representing Isis with Horus as a child 
on her knee, I understood it to be a foreshadowing 
of the birth of Jesus, born into this world by a 
woman. This is as Moses must have been taught to 
understand it. The birth of the future prophet, who 
was to lead them to spiritual truths and light'.; the 
same as he, Moses, led the children of Israel to a 
better land and to freedom. It was only the priests 
in Egypt who understood those things, for the peo- 
ple were ruled by keeping them in ignorance and 
superstition ; these two last, ignorance and supersti- 
tion for the common people, have been borrowed by 
the Roman Church from Egypt. But I also saw 
some other meaning which was this : Man owes his 
life on this earth to woman, both in his birth and in 
his first nurture, and the Egyptians represented this 
by Isis with Horus on her knee. They also believed j 
that at the death of the body the soul took flight 
from this earth and was judged by Osiris for the 
deeds done in the body, whether they had been good 



208 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

or. evil. This is plainly shown by their carvings on 
the old temples in Egypt ; the justified soul was 
admitted to the presence of Osiris, and made daily 
progress in the future life. 

Mr. Grant tells us, " That there were two grades of 
punishment ; the more guilty were condemned to 
frightful sufferings and tortures and devouring fire 
until the man was annihilated, the less guilty were 
put into some unclean animal and sent back to the 
earth for a second probation." The devouring fire 
is the Roman Church's hell, as Dante shows us in 
his Inferno, and from which the Roman Church tells 
us the prayers of sinful men on this earth can release 
a soul. The Egyptians were more merciful, for they 
limit the sufferings. The Roman Church makes it 
eternal. The second probation, the return of the 
soul to this earth to dwell in an animal, and live out 
its animal nature, may indeed be the truth. Have 
we not often seen most human eyes in animals, and 
have we not known human beings to be as low as 
animals, and have not all animals suffered by the 
hand of man. Mr. Grant tells us that the animal 
/worship in Egypt was at first only symbols, but 
became by the inherent curse of idolatry, real 
objects of worship, and that the religion of the 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 209 

Egyptians, which was at first pure and spiritual, 
became grossly material as that old faith degener- 
ated. 

I will note here that the pure and spiritual was 
what Moses received when taught in the Egyptian 
temples, and it was what Moses taught, but the 
Roman Church has br.ought back the inherent curse 
of idolatry. This inherent curse of idolatry we get 
in the flesh from Satan, the tempter, who when 
tempting Christ said, " All these things will I give 
thee, if t-hou wilt fall down and worship me." Mr. 
Grant tells us that, " The search of knowledge is only 
good when it is seeking for the truth, and sleepless 
vigilance is the price of liberty." We should all 
therefore be vigilant for the truths given unto us by- 
Christ. 

" And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of 
the Egyptians and was mighty in words and 
in deeds." Acts vii : 22. 

A myth starts from an idea, an idea is formed in 
the mind, the mind is the ear of the soul, by it the 
soul listens to good and evil, A myth, if it is for 
good, is undoubtingly the whisper of the Spirit of 
Sod to the mind of man. If evil, it is the whisper 
of evil to the mind of man. 



210 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

The myth in the primitive mind was an effort to 
find God, a reaching out of the soul to find its 
home, its own country and abode. So we have 
often expressed it in the hymn : 

" Prayer is the soul's sincere desire 

Uttered or unexpressed, 
The motion of a hidden fire. 

" Prayer is the burden of a sigh, 

The falling of a tear 
When none but God is near. 

" Prayer is the Christian's vital breath? 

The Christian's native air, 
The watchword at the gates of death, 
He enters Heaven with a prayer. 

" Prayer is the contrite sinner's voice 

Returning from his ways, 
While angels in their songs rejoice 
And cry, Behold he prays. 

" O Thou by whom we come to God, 

The Life, the Truth, the Way, 
The path of prayer Thyself has trod, 
Lord, teach us to pray." 

In the Egyptian Book of the Dead by Charles S. 
Davis, M. D., Ph. D., I find, To the ancient 
Egyptians the Horus eye has the real origin of all 
that was good and pure and beautiful in the world." 



REFLECTIONS OST MOSES. 211 

If Horus typified Jesus, it is true that in Jesus was 
the origin of all that was good and pure and beauti- 
ful ; I also find that the god Horus was called 
" The giver of life, the giver of oracles, the expeller 
of spirits from the possessed." This certainly is 
typical of Christ. 

The Egyptians, I think, worshiped animals be- 
cause they knew of their descent from animals, and 
on account of their belief of the soul's returning to 
this earth to inhabit the body of an animal, and 
as they worshiped their ancestors, they worshiped 
these animals as containing the souls of their 
ancestors. 

1 find a hymn which to my mind conveys the idea 
that the Egyptians meant to express their belief in 
one God and the hymn prophesies Christ : " I am 
Turn., the only Being in Nu." My translation is 
this : " I am God, the only being in the world," the 
word " Being " meaning the only immortal life liv- 
ing in the world. " I am the Sun when he rises, 
his rule begins when he has done so." The power 
of the sun, the force of the sun represents the 
power and force of God ; the rule of the sun over 
this earth begins when he has risen on the earth, 
as all things grow by the heat of the sun, which 



212 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

typifies that we have life only through and by God. 
" I am the Great God creating himself," this, of 
course, is God. " I am never stopped by the gods," 
this shows very plainly that the Egyptians knew 
that there was a power above all their idol gods. 
<l I am the morning, I know the gate." God is the 
beginning of all things, and knows the gate to 
Heaven; the gate of death which was passed by 
Christ ; the gate of Heaven which was opened for 
us by Christ " The chest (coffin) of (the) Osiris 
Jias been confronted by his father, the Sun. He 
has given battle for the gods, when Osiris, the 
Lord of the Hill of the West, orders him." The 
death of Christ, the tomb of Christ, has been con- 
fronted by his Father, the power of God suffered 
Him not to remain in the tomb, like the heat of the 
sun which gives life, so the power of God gave life 
to Christ after his death ; and if the word " West " 
meant the future to the Egyptians, they predicted the 
death and resurrection of Christ, who had fought 
for the powers of good on this earth. " Battle for 
the gods." The word " gods " meaning powers on 
this earth, and of good and of evil ; Christ when on 
this earth fought for the power of good, the Egyp- 
tians prophesying that He would do so in the future 



.KEFLEOTIONS ON MOSES. 213 

when God so ordered Him to do. " I know the 
Great God who is in it." That is, in Christ ; the 
Great God being the Adviser of the power that 
would be in Christ. " Begotten by himself, is his 
name," that is the Spirit in Christ was begotten 
from God. " I am the great Rennu which is in 
Annu.' I am the Former of Beings and Existences," 
means, I am the Great Spirit which is in Christ, I 
created all things by my law, and all life. 

I find in Mr. Davis* book the Egyptian idea or 
belief of the judgment of the soul after death is 
Christian in its teaching. Now, Moses must have 
been taught this belief in Egypt, and Moses must 
have taught this belief to the children of Israel, and 
this is the Moses whom Jesus has told us to hear. 
The soul must give proof that his spiritual knowl- 
edge is sufficient, and that his life on earth has 
been pure, to be worthy of the life to come. In the 
very first words of the Book of the Dead, I see 
this : " O Christ with the strength of God, says truth, 
O King of Eternity who is the Great God, who 
gives us strength in the sacred passage from this 
earth in heaven. Christ fought for '. God, and is 
one of those chief goods, who make Truth the word 
of God against his foes on the judgment day." 



214: REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

The Book of the Dead goes on to say," I am the 
Eternal, the son of the Eternal, conceived and born 
in the Eternal City." Surely this refers to Christ. 
" I am with the two women weeping," the women 
r.t the tomb of Christ. " Over Osiris, lamenting 
over Osiris in the region of the dead, and making 
Truth the word of Osiris against his foes, for it has 
been enjoined by Rl to Thoth to make Truth the 
word of Osiris against his foes," the women weep- 
ing at the death of Christ, lamenting that He is in 
the region of the dead, but God has made the words 
of Christ the truth, and these true words are against 
his foes. 

" I am seeking my path, living soul, I go out, at 
the hour for living, of the hearts of the Apes." 
Here, then, is the living soul, the only true life in 
us, it is seeking its path to heaven, being freed . 
from the body inherited from apes, as Darwin has 
shown us that we all descend from animals, and the 
animal ape, and so the Egyptians knew it to be. 

" If this Osiris N. be deemed deserving to per- 
form in the Netherworld all the work that is done 

* 

there, then is taken out of him any evil principle, 
like out of a man master of his faculties." Here, 
then, the Egyptians knew that a man who is master 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 215 

of his faculties can take out of himself all evil 
principles. 

The " wax god " who bindest in chains and 
drawest into destruction is Satan or evil. "Thy 
poison does not pervade ray limbs," means that sin 
had nothing in Christ. 

" I open the hour closed to the living." Christ 
opens the door of knowledge to each generation of 
those who live on this earth ; " wax god " also is the 
earth which is Satan's, and the worm of the earth 
lives on those who are dead, and the worm of the 
earth did not come near the body of Christ. 

" The Osiris N. has come. He sees his father 
Osiris, he repelled the darkness from his father 
Osiris, he opened all the roads in Heaven and on 
earth." < ' 

This prophesied Christ, who saw God, who 
repelled the darkness, and brought light from God, 
and of God, and who opened the roads to heaven 
for us, and showed us the way to live on this earth. 

" I am the morning god." We say the bright and 
the morning star. The Egyptians said to the sun, 
" Illuminating the two earths with thy rays." This 
means the sun illumines the earth and the moon. 

" Sun, to whom millions and hundreds of thou- 



216 REF LECTIONS ON MOSES. 

sands of years are but one moment." Now, if the 
Egyptians knew this, how can we say that the earth 
and all in it was made in six days. Psalm xc. 
" For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yes- 
terday when it is past, and as a watch in the night." 

" The maker of eternity." The Egyptians 
believed, therefore, in eternity, the immortal life 
of the soul. 

" I am yesterday and I know to-morrow." Reve- 
lation xxii. "I am the root and the offspring of 
David, and the bright and morning star." Hebrews. 
" Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day and 
forever." I.James. " Ye know not what shall be 
on the morrow." 

" On this day when he destroys the foes of the 
Lord who is above everything, and on which he 
consecrated his son, Horus." Christ came to de- 
stroy the foes of God, which are sin and evil, having 
done so by his death. God consecrated his Son, 
Christ. " He takes away sins, He destroys the 
impurities." Christ takes away sins by conquering 
them in the flesh ; and by dwelling in the flesh for 
us He destroyed the impurities inherited from our 
animal forefathers. 

"Tormentors who make preparations for the 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 217 

torments and the execution, they follow Osiris, do 
not let them seize me, do not let me fall into their 
furnaces. I know the name of the Oppressor who 
is among them in the dwelling of Osiris, withstand 
me those who are on their altars, for I am the 
servant of the Supreme Lord." Here, I find, is 
where. Paul, the founder of the Roman Church, got 
his belief in torments, furnaces, in other words, the 
purgatory horrors of the belief of the Roman 
Church, which they say are the attributes of God, 
whom Christ told us was the only Good. " There 
is no one good but God." Luke xviii : 19. " Truth 
the word of Osiris against his foes." So Truth, the 
words of Christ, will be the witnesses against his 
foes. " The good being whose word is Truth 
eternally." Christ has told us that God alone is 
good and that his words are eternal, being Truth. 
Matt, xxvii. " Heaven and earth shall pass away, 
but my words shall not pass away." 

" I am Horus, the heir, on the day of rising, I am 
Anubis on the day of reckoning, it is I, I am Osiris." 
Horus, prophesy of Christ, who is the heir ; and 
Christ will judge us on the day of rising; it is 
Christ who is the Spirit of God. 

" Do not utter the (two) names of the Great God, 



218 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

one of which is Messenger." One name is Mes- 
senger Christ was God's Messenger to this earth ; 
the other name was the name of God which the 
Hebrews did not titter. 

" Horus destroys the opposition made to Thoth." 
Jesus destroys the opposition made to Truth. 

" The men are ignorant of his name ; He is 
yesterday, He who sees millions of years is his 
name. Is looked at as the Lord of eternity, he is 
the Solar Eye, an egg to which is given life among 
you. He is Horus for millions of years. Nothing 
bad against him is brought forth by the rebels. 
One could not find any (other) opener of the gates 
of the sky. He is the child who treads the path of 
yesterday. He is to-day from generations to gen- 
erations. He is the one who combines the millions 
of years for you who are or will be in Heaven, on 
earth, South, North, West, East, . . . He de- 
termined the earth, determined the births. . . 
He is a Great God who formed himself in yesterday. 
He organized his actions with his own hands. No 
one knows the Osiris N. but he knows himself. . . 
Master of his throne, and passes onwards by the 
road he opened, throwing down every evil principle." 
Here indeed is a full prophecy of Christ, and 



INFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 219 

Moses undoubtingly knew this prophecy as he was 
taught in the highest schools in Egypt, from his 
infancy to the time that he left the palace of 
Pharaoh to join the children of Israel. And to a 
woman Moses owed, by the grace of God, not only 
his life, but his education. 

" I am your Master's son. You are mine, by my 
father." Christ was the son of God in. the Spirit, 
and Christ said when on this earth, " This is the 
Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which 
he hath given me, I should lose nothing." John vi. 
John x. " My sheep hear my voice. My Father 
which gave them me, is greater than all." 

" May I be safe, as thou art safe thyself, who 
revealest thyself." So we pray, that we may be 
safe with Christ ; in whom was revealed the Spirit 
of God, and who revealed himself to us. " If you 
repel me from the place of regeneration, do not let 
this evil principle take hold of me, do not let me be 
repelled." And so we still pray. 

" I am Turn, the maker of heaven, the Creator 
of the beings issuing from the earth." 

Here I see that God made heaven, and all things 
living, issuing from the earth. 

" The gods rejoice at my sight, at my going out 



220 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

of the womb, sacred when I am brought forth by 
my mother Nut." This, I think, refers to the birth 
of Christ, the gods, or the good, will rejoice at the 
sight of Christ, at his birth in the human body. He 
will be sacred when the earth brings him forth, He 
will be born of an earth-born being. 

*" I am the woman, the light in darkness, I come, 
I light darkness that becomes an illumination." 
The woman is the Virgin Mary, the Egyptians 
could only prophesy that she would come, and by 
the birth of Jesus she lights darkness, that through 
Christ became an illumination. The word " Hail," 
which is repeated so often in the Book of the Dead, 
we find copied in the Roman Church, also the idea, 
" Under the foliage of the tree of Hathor." When 
in Egypt I was shown a very old tree which I was 
told was the tree under which, or tinder the foliage 
of which, the Virgin and Child rested in their flight 
into Egypt. 

" All the generations on the earth are judged, 
the inhabitants in On bend their head before me. 
I am their Lord, I prevail for millions of years." 
All the generations on this earth will be judged by 
Christ, all will bend the head before Christ, He is 

their Lord. We also have here the idea of the 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 221 

millennium, the reign of Christ on this earth, and 
that He will prevail for millions of years. 

" I am Rd going out of the heavenly abyss, that 
is to say the Divine soul." Christ is to go out of 
the heavenly abyss, that is, out of eternity which has 
no end, and as He is to come to this earth from God, 
He will come a Divine soul to his human body. 

" My nest is not seen, my egg is not pierced." 
Christ's grave will not be seen, his body will not 
see corruption. 

" I stretch out my arms to Osiris. I walk as a 
messenger. I come to say, let me pass, I have an 
order." In Psalms Ixviii. we have, " Ethiopia shall 
soon stretch out her hands unto God," and Christ 
came to tell us as a messenger what God wished us 
to believe and do. 

" I went my way, I am similar to you." Christ 
told us He was the way, and in human nature He 
was similar to us. 

" I open because they opened to me, to my soul 
that comes from me." Christ opens heaven to 
those who open their hearts to him, for the soul 
comes from heaven, and the soul is of God, there- 
fore his. 

" Do not imprison my soul, that I may see the 



222 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

Great God in his Naos on the day of judging the 
.souls." This, certainly, is Christian, for the soul 
desires to see God on the day of judgment. 

"I being the inkstand, my hands hold Truth's 
books ; the mysterious archives of the gods. I am 
a scribe in virtue of what I wrote." The books of 
Truth, the mysterious works of God. 

Revelation xx. " And I saw the dead, small and 
great, stand before God, and the books were opened ; 
and another book was opened, which is the book of 
life, and the dead were judged out of those things 
which were written in the books, according to their 
works." The word " scribes " we find repeatedly 
in the Bible. 

" I am one of Hathor's servants." I am the ser- 
vant of Christ, as we say now. 

" There is a snake on the front of this mountain, 
it is thirty cubits long, and ten wide and three 
cubits in its fore part which is of hard stone. I 
know the name of this snake that is on its mountain. 
He who is in its own flame is its name. When after 
the duration of the sun, in its declining, its eyes are 
on ReL" I ask, Can this be the great Sphinx in 
Egypt, near Cairo ? It is true that it is not in the 
shape of a snake, but it may have contained be- 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 223 

tweeii the foreparts an altar to a snake, and an idol 
of a snake cut in hard stone, and we know not what 
was burned there, but a sacred fire may have been 
kept burning there, burning around the emblem of 
the snake which was an idol. And when the sun 
rises the eyes of the great Sphinx are not on the 
pyramids but from them the pyramids are death 
and the rising sun is life. The snake we have from 
Moses in Genesis as representing an evil to man- 
kind. 

"Veil thy head." We have Moses with his face 
veiled on his return from the mountain ; and to veil 
the face, we have all through the Bible, as showing 
that mankind cannot look upon God. 

'/ For every cultivation is use on earth, since the 
earth exists by the order of the great God." This is 
Christian, and Moses, of course, knew these words 
and must have taught them to the Israelites, also 
that every cultivation is of use ; we should not for- 
get cultivation of the mind and soul included. 

" Allow me to see what happens to thy eyes as 
thou seeth it." We must first cast out the beam out 
of our own eye so as to see clearly to cast out the 
mote out of our brother's eye. Also, let me see as 
thou seeth, as all things appear to Thee. 



224 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

" The hog is ati abomination to Horus." So it 
was to the Hebrews whom Moses had taught. 

"If you love those who are acquainted with you, 
love me." We have this so, " If you love not your 
brother whom you have seen, how can you love God 
whom you have not seen." 

" He is a god in. his son, is constituted by his 
father." We say God' was in his son Christ, He was 
appointed by his Father. 

"I am the image of the eye of Horus." The true 
I, the soul, is the image of God. 

" I am the great One who makes his light, I arrive 
near thee, adored on account of my purity." The 

Great one is God who makes the light. He arrives 
near us in the person of Christ who brought spirit- 
ual light to us, and whom we adore on account of 
his purity. 

In the Book of the Dead of Egypt if we read 
chapter cxxv. we can see where Moses got his com- 
mands which he gave to the children of Israel. 
In the Book of the Dead, the soul stands before the 
Great God of Truth, and names the sins which he did 
not do, which are these : he harmed no man ; he did 
not make his relatives or companions unhappy ; he 
did no vile action ; he had no acquaintance with evil ; 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS. . 225 

he did no evil ; there was not by his fault a fearful, 
a poor, or a suffering, or a wretched one ; he did not 
cause the slave to be misused by his master ; he did 
not cause any one to be hungry, or to weep ; he did 
not kill ; he did not utter a lie to any man ; he did 
not commit any shameful act ; he did not overcharge 
or lessen supplies ; he did not take away the milk 
from the mouth of the stickling; he is pure, pure, 
pure. 

Now I turn to the chapters in Leviticus, xviii., 
xix. and xx. It is the Lord who speaks unto 
Moses, Moses is to speak unto the children of Israel. 
They were not to do as the masses of the people did 
in Egypt. Here let me remind the reader that the 
masses of the people in Egypt were kept in gross 
ignorance and worshiped idols ; while the priests 
who taught Moses were above superstitions, and 
worshiped the God of their souls, as shown in the 
Book of the Dead from which I have taken the 
above virtues. 

From Moses we have : " Ye shall fear every man 
his mother and father." 

" In the harvest of the land, thou shalt leave for 
the poor and the stranger." 

" Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither 



226 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

He one to' another ; thou shalt not defraud thy 
neighbor, nor rob him ; the wages of him that is 
hired shall not abide with thee all night until the 
morning. Ye shall do no unrighteousness. Thou 
shalt not go up and down as a tale bearer among 
thy people. Thou shalt not hate thy brother. 
Thou shalt not avenge." 

The idea of an atonement Moses undoubtingly 
brought from Egypt. The atonement between man 
and man is a good law, but God is not man and no 
atonement can be made to God. It is a heathen 
idea, that their offended god must be appeased by a 
gift the same as a wrathful man on earth is appeased 
by a gift. 

Moses also says, " Do not cause thy daughter to 
commit fornication." I pause here to mention the 
woman taken in adultery (John viii.), whom the 
scribes and Pharisees took before Jesus when He 
was teaching the people in the temple. And they 
say to Jesus, " Moses in the law commanded us that 
such should be stoned." There is a law in Deuter- 
onomy which says both the man and the woman 
shall be put to death ; this law the scribes and 
Pharisees have willingly forgotten, and they ask 
Jestis, " But what sayest thou ?" But Jesus stooped 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 227 

down and with his finger wrote on the ground as 
though He heard them not. Now what was it that 
Jesus wrote on the ground ? Was it this law which 
says that both man and woman should be stoned ? 
or was it the words which Jesus spoke, " He that is 
without sin among you, let htm first cast a stone at 
her ?" or was it that these men were the children of 
Satan, that they had not risen or evolved from ani- 
mal into mankind ? Whatever it was, the reproach 
was wholly to the men, for when they heard the 
words of Jesus they were convicted by their own 
conscience, and went out one by one, beginning at 
the eldest even unto the last. What a terrible 
record of these scribes and Pharisees who were 
proud of their moral worth, who were ready to 
stone the woman whom they themselves had caused 
to sin. And we read that Jesus forgave the woman, 
" Neither do I condemn thee, go, and sin no more," 
but we do not read that Jesus forgave the men. 

In the Book of the Dead we have, " Regard not 
them that have familiar spirits." Leviticus xix. 
Moses tells us, "Regard not them that have fa- 
miliar spirits." 

" Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, 
in mete-yard, in weight, or in measure," " Ye shall 



228 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

not commit adultery." These same laws are in 
Leviticus, and many more given to the children of 
Israel, which prove how low and degraded, how 
animal were mankind in those days, and how hard 
it was for Moses to raise the race who had once 
been slaves in. Egypt for so many years, to the high 
standard that Moses himself had been taught and 
reared up to in that same land of Egypt. 

" Now, I find a chapter in the Book of the Dead 
which reminds me of a Canticle in the Prayer Book 
of the Episcopal Church. The invocation in the 
Book of the Dead begins every verse with "O," 
so does the Prayer Book in the Benedicite : " O ye 
angels of the Lord," and so on through the Canticle. 
The Egyptian, ' O the Stridor gone out of On, I did 
not do evil," and so on through the Invocation in 
which are many Christian virtues, such as, " He 
won God on his side by his love, he gave bread to 
the hungry, water to the thirsty, garments to the 
naked, he comes, he goes tip, he ascends, he con- 
fesses." 

" Is opened Heaven, Is opened earth. He opened 
the gates, let pass the porches of R through which 
he goes out of the horizon. He dispels the clouds 
of Seb by the light, He is satisfied when he directs 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 229 

the great ones toward him, with the small ones." 
Christ has opened the gates of heaven, though He 
has passed from our horizon. He dispels the clouds 
from our minds, and Isaiah liii. says, " He shall see 
of the travail of his soul and shall be satisfied." 

" He is not repelled from the horizon for he is R& 
and Osiris. He is not stopped in his long travel, 
for his personality is in the personality of Ra", who 
is in the bosom of Osiris N. hearing his words, when 
he adores R&, the master of the horizon, and Osiris 
the residing in the West. Hail, thou, who purifiest 
the 'men, Thou arrivest proclaiming the truth. He, 
the Osiris N., is the double lion, he proclaims the 
protections that are iri him at the end of the great 
house, and thou listenest to him. He carries the 
Truth for thousands of years. The Truth is ex- 
alted, it follows. its Lord, making adoration to the 
master above everything, the human beings make 
adoration to him as to a being always standing up, 
never resting. R exalts him." Christ is not re- 
pelled, for He is God and man ; his Spirit is not 
stopped in the soul of mankind, for the personality 
of man's soul is in the personality of Christ who is 
in the bosom of God. Jesus, in the parable of the 
rich man and Lazarus, speaks of the soul of Lazarus 



230 REFLECTIONS OH MOSES. 

after the death of the body as being in " Abraham's 
bosom." Christ then in the bosom of God hears the 
words of the soul of man when man adores God ; 
Christ is the Master of the horizon and residing in 
the West. We have been told in the Book of the 
Dead that the West meant the future of the Egyp- 
tians. The horizon must also have meant what 
they could not see beyond the horizon of their time 
on this earth, also their belief that in the future, to 
them, Christ was to come to this earth. We do not 
know anything about the life of Jesus between his 
childhood and his ministry ; we do not know if he 
returned to Egypt or if He did not do so. He may, 
therefore, have gone and studied the highest beliefs 
there, himself bringing us such higher knowledge ; 
in any way we know that He has told iis to hear 
Moses and we know that Moses studied the highest 
religious beliefs in Egypt. Luke xvi. "If they 
hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they 
be persuaded though one rose from the dead." We 
also know that Christ in his human body received 
the Spirit of God visibly at his baptism. I am here 
quoting the Bible account. Christ purified man- 
kind, and He arrived proclaiming the Truth, and 
Christ is the Lion of the tribe of Judah, and pro- 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 231 

claimed the protection of God for himself, being the 
1 last of the house of David, and those who are saved 
listened to Him. Christ carries the Truth for 
thousands of years. The Truth is exalted, it fol- 
lows its Lord making adoration to the Master 
above ever) T thing. The human beings make adora- 
tion to Him as to a being always standing up. 
Stephen said when dying, " I see the heavens open 
and Jesus standing at the right hand of God." Also, 
always standing up, never resting, means ready to 
help at all times. God exalts Christ. 

" The viper Mehen is a series of a million of years 
in extent from Our to Nifern. The basin of mil- 
lions of years, all the gods are floundering about in 
it. The God who divided the words makes there 
his way of millions of years, a Lord without any 
equal, whose way is in the fire, one moves through 
a fire when coming behind him." 

I see in this the following : The serpent, or evil, 
or sin, whom we call Satan, has power on this earth 
in series of different evils to last for millions of 
years ; Christ who divides the evil from the good by 
his words, makes his way or reign in the good for 
. millions. of years a Lord without any equal, who 
will destroy evil as with a fire. We move on 



232 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

through a fire of evil and suffering in following 1 
Christ, for He conquered by passing through a fire 
of suffering. 

" I am the Lion born of a Cow." I am the Lion 
of the tribe of Judah, the highest born man, the 
spiritual man ; born of the animal mankind. The 
deceased shines in heaven in Habenben, that is re- 
joicing ; its inhabitants gather all together uttering 
acclamations in the naos." The soul of the right- 
eous shines in Heaven ; the angels of God rejoice 
over a soul redeemed. 

In the Book of the Dead, Egyptian, in Chapters 
cxli. and cxlii., I find what is very much like the 
number of Saints who are addressed by prayer 
in the Roman Church ; they have passed over the 
simple, pure teachings of Jesus, and from the Egyp- 
tians they have added to their Church what Christ 
rejected. . Alas ! man has not yet risen to a higher 
plane, he cannot yet live without these idols. 

" A great voice is heard at the horizon. Pay 
attention you ! Bow down and take care to pre- 
pare a good way for your Lord the Osiris N." A 
great voice is to be heard in the future ; future to 
the Egyptians ; pay attention you who will hear it_ 



ON MOSES. 233 

in the future, bow down and prepare a way for 
your Lord, Christ. 

" I am the great bull, the son of the Whole among 
you, bearing witness in behalf of his father ; having 
made wholesome the liquid in which he is. I 
brought life to the eternal living one, I have made 
the way, I am Rd." Christ is the great strength, 
the son of man among mankind bearing witness to 
God, having made the descendants of animals 
wholesome by living in a human body whose life is 
in the blood ; Christ brought life to the soul of men, 
arid made the life of the soul eternal, Christ made 
the way for us to heaven by his spirit which was of 
God. ' 

In chapter cxlviii. in the Book of the Dead, 
Egyptian, we have the monthly festivals ; from this, 
no doubt, the Roman Church copied its Church 
festivals. In this same chapter we have, " The in- 
troduction of the mysteries of Aker ; the entering 
the mysterious Valley, the entrance of which is not 
known." This is our valley of the shadow of 
death. 

" Do not let this be seen by any man, but the 
King and the Kherheb. Do not let it be seen, by 
a slave going or coming (this book) shall make 



234 itEFtKGTlONS ON MOSES. 

known to him what happened at the beginning 
Let it be seen only by Thee, and the one who 
taught it to Thee. Do not make about it numerous 
commentaries supplied by thy imaginations or 
memory." Here we have a knowledge of how 
Moses learned what happened at the beginning of 
this earth, as he has written it in the first chapter 
of Genesis ; Moses was in Egypt as the King's son, 
and taught by the highest teachers as a King's son. 
He did not make about the book of Genesis numer- 
ous commentaries supplied by his imaginations. 
Therefore he does not state more plainly what he 
must have known better than any one else, that the 
book of Genesis reveals 'evolution from the first 
germs of life up to the perfect man, Christ, in whom 
the Spirit of God could dwell in perfect power. 
Here I would say that many Churches have made 
numerous commentaries supplied by their imagin- 
ations on the Christian religion, which was given to 
us in its pure simplicity by Christ himself. There 
is not one but what has done so, the Roman Church 
having done so to the extent of hiding Christ. 

" Gods painted green in a picture shall be placed 
offerings before them of incense." In how many 
Churches do we find Saints painted in a picture, and 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 235 

incense offered before them, with many other 
things as offerings. 

" I disposed the red crown on the forehead of the 
pure spirit that makes live the human ones by the 
flame of his mouth, that rescues R& from Apap and 
that is eternalty living." This prophesies the red 
crown of thorns, red with blood, placed on the fore- 
head of Christ, for Christ was the pure Spirit that 
came to make the human ones live by the words of 
his mouth, and who rescue man from sin, and 
Christ is eternally, living-. 

" O this very high mountain in the Netherworld 
on which rests heaven, which is three hundred 
cubits high, and thirty cubits wide ! Upon it is a 
snake named Sati, that is seventy cubits in length, 
and lives upon the slaughtering of the shades and 
dead in the Netherworld. I stay in thy inclosure, 
I see the only One in thee. I am the male whom 
thou surrounded. Rd gives me my eyes, which 



dread the animal that moves upon its belly. Thou 
comest by thy strength." I find that this means 
the following : the high mountain we find often 
mentioned in the Bible, and the word cubits. In 
Genesis we find fifteen cubits upwards did the 
waters prevail, and the mountains were covered, 



236 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

also the ark rested upon the mountain of Ararat. 
This means the very highest mountain in the 
world, upon which rests the heaven of the Egyptians, 
and God's blessing on all in the ark, and means 
heaven; also the mountain named heaven may 
mean the garden of Eden. Now, in Eden was a 
snake, named by us Satan, and according to our 
version lives upon killing souls of. mankind in the 
Netherworld, as we say, in hell. The inclosure in 
which we try to stay is the knowledge and protec- 
tion of God through Christ, and we see the Only 
One, that is God, by Christ and in Christ, and 
Christ is the one whom God surrounded with his 
protection. 

Now in Revelation we have, " A great mountain 
burning with fire which was cast into the sea," 
also that " the seven heads are seven mountains," 
which we say represent the City of Rome in Italy. 

" The snake Betuk, thy teeth are broken, and 
thou vomitest thy venom ; thou shalt not come 
against me, thou shalt not dart thy venom against 
me to throw me down inert ; harmless is thy poison 
in this country." The teeth of sin are broken. O,. 
death, where is thy sting ? In Revelation we have, 
" The serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood 



INFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 237 

after the woman," "And the earth helped the 
woman, and the earth opened her mouth and swal- 
lowed up the flood which, the dragon cast out of his 
mouth." Harmless is Satan to us in heaven, Satan 
and sin cannot enter heaven or harm us there. 

" Do not fish me with your nets with which you 
fish, in order to destroy them, those who walk on 
earth." In Ecclesiastes we have this : " For man 
also knoweth not his time, as the fishes that are 
taken in an evil net." 

" Save me in thee, that I may not be putrefied, 
like every animal, like every reptile, that is decom- 
posed at the going out of his soul after death, and 
that diminishes after being decomposed. His form 
would get putrefied and turn into numerous worms 
if it were not made for it that Shu's eye pass through 
it. The same would be dead absolutely, but for the 
Truth which I set in their belly." Here we have 
the death of the body, the same now as then. The 
Egyptians, knowing that when the soul leaves the 
body the flesh decomposes and diminishes to noth- 
ing. And we would be dead absolutely were it not 
that the true / is the soul, that lives in the body of 
flesh. 

"Each of these winds at its passage is, for the 



238 BEFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

functions of the deceased. It arrives at his nostrils. 
No one knows what makes them move, that is a 
mystery. Common people are ignorant of this chap- 
ter, do not show it to any man, but thy father, thy 
son, and thyself. That is the true mystery which is 
known by no man anywhere." Here let me say that 
the mystery of the winds, north, south, west, east, 
is still a mystery, and is still life at our nostrils; 
Christ has told us that we hear the sound thereof 
but cannot tell where they come from, or where they 
go. And the Egyptian mysteries in their religion, 
which the common people were not to know, were 
carried by Moses out of Egypt, and he made mys- 
teries in their religion which were hid by the veil of 
the temple, so that the people who worshiped in 
the temple were kept in ignorance of those myster- 
ies. No doubt that_the people who had been slaves 
for so long a time needed to be kept in ignorance 
and they loved mysteries ; but Christ who rent the 
veil of the temple, and who taught the common peo- 
ple when He was on earth, and refused to teach 
those who were expected to .know by their learning, 
such as the scribes and Pharisees, has in so doing 
told us that as the " common people heard Him 
gladly," there a.re to be. no more hidden mysteries ; 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 239 

all are to learn, to search for the Truth, to think out 
their own salvation with fear and trembling. 

" Free thyself from the soul of the one with the 
terrible face who takes possession of the hearts ; 
fire bursts out of his mouth to taste the souls, come 
deliver thy flame." Free thyself from Satan, who 
takes possession of the hearts with the glory of this 
earth, sjrch as Satan tempted Jesus with. Fire com- 
ing from the mouth of Satan to eat souls is the 
Roman Church idea, as the old paintings in the buy- 
ing ground at Pisa, Italy, show to be their belief. 
And come deliver thy soul, which the Roman Church 
also represents by a flame or tongue of fire over the 
head of the persons in the painting. 

In the Book of the Dead we also find this expres- 
sion : " There is in one the image of God." This is 
what Moses meant in Genesis that in man was the 
image of God, and not man's animal body, as some 
in these days still believe it to be the image of God. 

The time will come when ministers, clergymen, 
and priests, these various shepherds of various 
flocks, will have to change the dogmas of their 
Churches, for evolution is slow but sure ;, it cannot 
be stopped by man, be he minister, clergyman or 
priest, for evolution is caused by the Spirit of God 



240 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

moving on the mind of man. Science seems to be 
doubtful about what they call " spurts," that is a 
sudden change in nature ; however there comes what 
seems to us a sudden change to a man's mind, that is 
a sudden new light, a sudden new understanding of 
a thing ; he sees it in a new and clear light, but if he 
will reflect upon this change he will see that it is not 
sudden but a gradual evolution in his mind, thoughts 
and convictions. So it is in religion, Christ came to 
tell us that it must be so, and He reproaches those 
who should have advanced and have not done so. 
" Art thou a Master in Israel, and knowest not these 
things ? A Master is a teacher, they are the ones to 
know these things, and to teach them to the people ; 
if they do not do so, then by degrees the people will 
evolve themselves and in spiritual things they will 
be the teachers. All things evolve, and, as the body 
in shape has ceased to evolve, the evolution must go 
on in the mind, for the Spirit of God still 'moves 
upon the face of the waters, 



14EFLKOTIONS ON MOSES. 241 



TO THE READER. 

And, now, Reader, if you will open your Bible, 
you will see on the very first page of Genesis, evolu- 
tion ; it is written there as plainly as in any scien- 
tific book. You will see the first appearance of 
what contained life on this earth, and its evolution 
up to man. And you will also see what causes 
evolution. It is the Spirit of God moving on the 
face of the waters, in other words, the force or power 
of God. From the water, then, came the first germs 
of life ; it was, as Science has told us, very gradual, 
for a thousand years in God's sight are as a day. 
The Spirit of God still moves upon the mind of man, 
very gradually, as the mind of man is weak in God's 
sight. Also the mind of man resists the Spirit of 
God, besides as Christ said they cannot bear all the 
wonderful knowledge at once. 

If you, Reader, are among those who oppose and 
oppress scientific men, do not forget that we have 
been told that the Spirit of God will not always 
strive with men. If what Science tells us is not 



24:2 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

from God, it will come to naught ; but if it is from 
God, you are fighting and resisting the Spirit of God 
and it will be you, not the Spirit, that will come to 
naught, for you cannot fight against God. Are we 
not to advance in knowledge because those who are 
shepherds of Christ's flocks prefer to remain in the 
past ? and are unwilling to see advancement in 
knowledge, because it is more comfortable and easy 
to them to hold to the dogmas of those who lived 
years ago than to search for more truths in spirit- 
ual things ; they go in the deep ruts made smooth 
by their great-grandfathers, and they walk in these 
old ruts contented, because they feel safe and com- 
fortable. They have not rubbed the ruts smooth 
themselves, they have no responsibility, they are 
not obliged to think cut anything, that is, they think 
they are not obliged to do so. But they stand as 
shepherds to flocks, only placed there so as to think 
out spiritual things, with the example of Christ their 
Master before them, who took his life in his hand 
when He went single and alone and told the priest 
in Jerusalem that the rut which they were smoothly 
walking in was unsafe, untrue, and not of God, that 
it was leading them to evil and not to good. Was 
it easy, comfortable and smooth for Christ our 



REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS. . 243 

Master? Can any onward, upward advance in 
spiritual knowledge be comfortable ? Who has re- 
tarded the kingdom of God, but those who oppose 
knowledge. Why have not the people been told of 
the greater spiritual knowledge, the same as Christ 
told the people when on this earth ? Is it because 
the shepherds do not wish trouble, or to be made 
uncomfortable; it is so easy to teach what. the 
grandfathers have told us to teach, if we believe it 
or not. Yet we read, " Begin at my Sanctuary." 
Those who have believed the shepherds without 
thinking for themselves, are not so much responsi- 
ble as the shepherds, but both will be judged, we are 
told. 

Will it then be smooth, comfortable, easy for those 
who have resisted the Spirit of God, when that 
Spirit moved upon the mind of man, and when the 
retribution comes, and begins at God's Sanc- 
tuary ? 

Also I claim that nothing which is created by God 
can fall, or sin, or fail. No temptation of Satan or 
sin can overpower or conquer it. Witness the 
Spirit of God in Christ, which withstood the tempta- 
tion of evil in the desert which was all the tempta- 
tion ever pressed upon mankind. 



244 BKFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 

. Therefore man in his animal body was not made 
in the image of God he was made of a brute beast 
in the body, the soul alone being the Image of 
God. 



REFLECTIONS ON G. W. DE TUNZEL 

MANN'S ELECTRICITY IN 

MODERN LIFE. 

[245 J 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

Have we electricity in onr bodies, or does it only 
pass through us ? On a cold day, if we walk quickly 
over a carpet and touch a metal, we see and hear 
and feel a spark of fire, which we say is electricity. 
We sleep in a cold room and the woolen material 
that covers us, when touched or shaken, crackles 
with sparks which burn its. A woolen shawl with 
long, woolen fleece does more than crackle, for in 
the dark it has, if we pass our hand over it, not only 
sparks but short flames of light which follow our 
fingers. If we brush our hair in cold weather, it 
stands straight up as stiff as wires, and cracks when 
turned down. On a cold day we are strong and can 
walk miles with ease ; we take in the oxygen from 
the air as we breathe, and we have electricity with- 
in us. 

Science tells us that silk and glass rubbed with 
sealing-wax or resin, either attract or repulse elec- 
tricity, and that a flannel object retains electricity 

[247] - 



248 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

and will attract and repel. Wax is from a bee, a 
live bee ; resin is from a tree ; silk from the silk- 
worm ; all these must be alive to make the wax, 
the resin, the silk. Science tells us that electrifying 
a body adds a certain something to it, and that 
electrifying it negatively takes the same amount of 
that something from it. Science also says that we 
know absolutely nothing of what electricity really 
is, yet we say that when electricity takes place, 
something occurs like the transference of an incom- 
pressible liquid from one place to another^ Science 
also says that if the electrical machine is to continue 
to give a supply of electricity, its rubber must be in 
connection with the earth. It is also not deter- 
mined about the direction or the flow, and we are 
totally ignorant of the velocity of the flow. 

We would ask what metals are in the earth. 
Electricity, we are told, is made of solutions of 
potash, sulphuric acid, zinc, carbon, and also iron 
wire. We are told if enough electricity is used, 
heat is developed. 

Electricity is life, but not our bodily life, though 
we live by it as we also live by oxygen ; not only 
mankind, but everything in which there is life on 
the earth also lives by it. Too much of either wilt 



EEFLEOTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 24$ 

kill the life of our bodies, but not the true life with- 
in us, which is the life of bur souls. It is not every 
one that can live on high mountains ; the air is too 
rarefied for some lungs ; powerful electricity is 
deadly to our bodies, but God's agent is electricity ; 
by it work the sun, the earth, the planets, the stars, 
earthquakes, cyclones, storms ; by it lives every- 
thing that is made of earth ; everything that touches 
or grows on this earth ; everything that owes its 
birth to the laws of this earth. 

Our souls are electricity, such is their life, such is 
the nature of God. No one in the flesh can see 
God and live, the flesh would die by an electric 
flash, the same as by a lightning flash when it 
strikes. If we get the electricity which is in us 
from the earth, it is because we are made of earth, 
and because the same metals which are in the 
earth are in us and connect us by electricity to the 
earth. Our bones are composed of minerals and 
phosphate of lime ; in our bodies we have common 
salt and iron, also sulphur, potash, carbon and soda, 
and phosphorus in the brain tissue. All these we 
get from the earth in various ways. All these 
minerals are used in medicines to restore our bodies 
to health. Now, if phosphate comes from volcanic 



250 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

rocks of the earth, and, decaying, passes into the 
soil, from thence to plants, wheat, corn and oats, 
and if animals, eating these things, get phosphate 
in their systems, and if mankind eating both 
animals, wheat, corn and oats, also get this phos- 
phate, which, we are told, is a faint light without 
heat, and if phosphate makes the brain tissue, then 
phosphate is, we say, part of electricity. Elec- 
tricity, which can give great light, is the life of this 
world, the life of all in the world, and the life of 
our souls. Our souls, which are only connected 
with our brains, are light, and this light was strong 
in Jesus ; by being so, He was the Light of this 
world, light to otir minds and souls. Having in us 
the metals which are in the earth, we are so con- 
nected with the earth from which we spring, that 
we are drawn by electricity to it, and our bodies in 
the flesh return, to the earth. " Dust thou art and 
to dust thou shalt return." Genesis iii : 19. 

Electricity draws us and all things to the earth, it 
is the magnet called gravitation. Oxygen gives us 
life. Of a very cold, dry day, when the air is full 
of oxygen, so are we full of it, and also full of elec- 
tricity and strength ; we can walk, run, almost fly, 
with beautiful health rushing through our bodies 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 251 

of clay. Great oxygen and electricity are the life of 
our souls. The electricity which attracts or repels, 
in wax, resin, silk and wool, all comes from the 
earth ; it comes through the life of the bee, the tree 
and the silkworm ; it lives in the sheep, and the 
grass which the sheep live on. The electricity 
made by the minerals taken from the earth, also 
comes from the life of the earth, and the life of this 
earth is electricity. 

The certain something which Science cannot ex- 
plain, but which it tells us electricity adds to a thing, 
is simply the substance which makes intensity of 
life, such as our souls are made of. It is such in- 
tense life that it can move inanimate objects, as 
Science shows, but it passes off when electrified 
negatively, because, where it does not find life it 
cannot remain ; it is, as Science says, like an incom- 
pressible liquid, and we know nothing of the direc- 
tion or velocity of the flow. No, we cannot, for we 
know not now the direction or the velocity of the 
flow of the true life, the life of our souls. Electric- 
ity certainly comes from the earth, through all 
things which have any amount of life, or the least 
amount of life ; it is life, but a life of which we can 
hold but a small amount. We and the earth cannot 



252 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

live without heat, and electricity gives heat. The 
loadstone is made of iron metal and gas oxygen. 
If we have the same metal in us, and we know we 
have oxygen, then, as the earth is full of this min- 
eral, we are attached to it by its large loadstones ; 
all on the earth are so attached, drawn down by the 
earth. Science tells us that magnetism will change 
a body or thing magnetized. The cures which 
Jesus made were done by magnetism, or, rather, 
electricity ; but we will speak of them further 
on. 

Science tells us that the current of magnets will 
flow round like the hands of a watch. We believe, 
then, that electricity flows round the earth or the 
earth revolves on its axis by electricity. Electricity, 
then, is the life in the world and the heavens. 
Science tells us that when work is done upon a body 
by electricity, that the body is afterwards capable 
of doing the same amount of work which has been 
done on it. We read in a Book which we insist 
has as much right to be believed as any historical 
book written years ago, that when the leper said 
to Jesus, " If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean," 
Jesus put forth his hand and touched him, saying, 
" I will, be thou clean," and the leper was cleansed. 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 253 

When Jesus was in Peter's house, he saw his 
wife's mother sick of a fever, and he touched her 
hand, and the fever left her. Now, we also say, that 
as Jesus cured by electricity, he gave the electricity 
to the body and it did the work of curing the body. 
As Jesus was the perfection of mankind, and had all 
the knowledge of the natural powers of this earth, 
he had them .at his command. Therefore, at his 
command, electricity worked, as we do know now 
though but faintly. He also cured without a touch 
of his hand, but by the touch of electricity, that in- 
compressible liquid, as Science calls it. Jesus cured 
the centurion's servant at Capernaum. The centu- 
rion tells us that he understands the power of 
Jesus over nature, for he says, " Speak the word 
only and my servant shall be healed, because I am 
under authority," that is, I have authority and so 
hast thou. . " I have soldiers under me " so had 
Jesus powers like electricity which He could work 
and command as soldiers. " Go, come, and do this," 
and the centurion adds, " he doeth it." 

In the same way Jesus brought the calm to the 
waves which arose by a tempest. Science tells us 
that electricity attracts and repels according to the 
flow of the current. Electricity is life, not the life 



254 KEFLECTIONS ON KLECTETCITY. 

in us, but the life of this world. We believe Jesus 
to be man in his human body such as we are, but 
so far above mankind that in Him could dwell all 
this knowledge which was given to Him by God, 
given to Him to show us the way back to God as we 
knew it not ourselves. Jesus has told us that we 
ourselves can do as He did, had we the faith to gain 
the knowledge from God, by our minds and souls. 

The energy derived from the sun is electricity 
and it gives its intense light and heat the same way 
as our small electricity. Our earth is filled with 
electricity, and the earth and the sun repel and 
attract each other. We have been studying " Elec- 
tricity in Modern Life," by G. W. De Turizelmann. 
He says that in the middle ages the magnet was 
used as a power to cure all ills. We wish to say 
that we do not mean that such is the way that 
Jesus cured the sick ; we mean that the electricity 
passed from Jesus himself, or through Him into the 
person or thing which was corrected or made 
straight by the electricity. Also we read in the same 
book that, " The first suggestion of an electric tele- 
graph was made in an anonymous letter published 
in a magazine, signed with the letters ' C. M.,' and 
that the author's reason for concealing his identity 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 255 

was the fear of being regarded as a magician by his 
neighbors." As this was in 1753, we think it may 
have been a woman. The fear of giving her full 
name we can well understand, for a woman had 
many things to fear in giving any thought what- 
ever to the world then. 

We also see in this fact that the power of work- 
ing new and strange things, which rests in electric- 
ity, is like magic, and magic means sorcery to 
those who do not understand the power of electric- 
ity. The cures of Jesus were in those days attrib- 
uted to magic or sorcery by those who were his 
enemies. Matthew xii : 24. " But when the Phari- 
sees heard it they said, This fellow doth not cast out 
devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils." 
In our study we also read, " The electrical phe- 
nomena presented by the tissues of the living animal 
body, obscure as the subject is, deserve a brief 
mention, especially as electricity is now so largely 
Used in the treatment of various diseased condi- 
tions." We would say that to Jesus these things 
were not obscure ; He knew the animal body, and 
saw and knew how to use electricity in the cures 
which He made. Electricity being in us, and in all 
things, He could connect the great flow of it, which 



256 REFLECTIONS OUT KLECTEIOITV. 

passed through his body, to the flow in the patient's 
body, just enough to cure and less than would kill. 

To explain how light is made by electricity, we 
refer you to the book we have studied. But we 
have something more to say from the very old Book 
which we have also studied. When Moses, with the 
message which God had given him, came down 
from the high mountain where he had been for 
some time, in air full of oxygen, which is life and 
electricity, which is light, the face of Moses shone 
so that Aaron and all the children of Israel were 
afraid to come nigh him, and Moses had to wear a 
veil over his face, until that light faded away. 
Exodus xxxiv. 

So also we understand the Transfiguration of 
Jesus, " And his face did shine as the sun, and his 
raiment was white as the light." Jesus was on a 
high mountain in oxygen and electricity from God. 
Jesus was in contact with the souls of Moses and 
Elias, souls of oxygen, strong life, and electricity, 
strong white light the life and light from God 
which, in its strength, would kill our bodies of flesh in 
a moment. The bright cloud from which the voice 
came saying, " This is my beloved Son, in whom 
I am well pleased ; hear ye him," and which was so 



KKF1.ECTTOKS ON ELECTRICITY. 257 

bright, that the disciples fell on their faces and were 
sore afraid, was also electricity and conveyed the 
sound of the words to the disciples. We have taken 
these accounts from Matthew, since Renan and 
Strauss say that they consider the book of Matthew 
the most reliable. 

We must here say that our bodies, made of clay 
and of earthly metals, are from the earth, and that 
in the temptation given in Matthew, the devil said 
to Jesus, when he showed him the kingdoms and 
glories of this world, " All these things will I give 
thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me." They 
were things which were then in the power of the 
devil to give, and they were things of this earth. We, 
then, in the flesh are all evil and sin ; our souls 
alone have light. The flesh is of the earth ; the 
soul is electricity or light. Jesus was on a high 
mountain ; by electricity he saw the glory of the 
world. 

If we study the words of Christ, we shall find 
the Christian religion to be this : 
, '' Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the 
kingdom of heaven." 

It was John the Baptist who said, " Repent ye, 
for the kingdom of heaven is at hand," He re- 



258 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

f erred to the coming of Christ who was to tell us 

what, the kingdom of heaven is. 
Jesus tells us that many shall come from the 

East and the West and will be with Abraham and 
Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven ; but the 
children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer 
darkness. This has been understood to mean that 
the Jews will be cast out of the kingdom, as they 
refused to accept Christ. I see this differently ; 
these words of Jesus are just after his interview 
with the centurion at Capernaum ; this man had the 
faith, or the belief from his inward convictions, 
that Jesus had power over all the elements of 
nature, electricity included. He had only to use 
his power and the elements would obey him, the 
same as the soldiers obeyed the command of a man 
in authority. And those who come from the east 
and the west and enter the kingdom of heaven, are 
all nations, and creeds, who are not self -conceited, 
or proud of themselves, or confident that they alone 
understand God's will, but those who are humble 
enough in their minds to know that they still have 
much to learn in spiritual things. 

So was the centurion of Capernaum ; he was a 
man of authority, ordering and commanding- many- 



REFLECTIONS ON" ELECTRICITY. 259 

others, who obeyed him, believing- that he knew 
more than they could know, yet the centurion felt 
himself to be poor in spiritual things ; so he went 
to beseech Jesus to use the power which he, the 
centurion, was certain was the power of Jesus, 
to cure his servant, simply by willing it to be 
so, and by electricity which reaches to any dis- 
tance. 

Jesus also tells us that he who is least in the 
kingdom of heaven is greater than John the Baptist, 
who was the greatest of any who were born of 
woman, that is of animal nature. 

Those born in the kingdom of heaven are those 
whose souls are spiritual. Jesus also tells us that 
He spoke to the people in parables, because they 
could not understand the mysteries or deep mean- 
ing of the kingdom of spiritual things, they were not 
willing to understand or to see what Jesus came to 
tell them. They could do so if they wished to, but 
they were not willing to do so. And many in these 
days are in ignorance because they prefer to be in 
ignorance ; they have eyes and see not, which I 
understand to mean, they have minds and prefer 
not to use them. They prefer to believe what is 
told them by others of spiritual things, even if it 



260 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

leads them into error, rather than think out these 
things for themselves. 

"Blessed are they that mourn for they shall tie 
comforted." This mourning is not for self, but for 
the wickedness of the world, which retards the 
kingdom of God. 

" Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the 
earth." Meek means mild and gentle, as in Psalm 
xxxiv. " What man is he that desireth life, and 
loveth many days, that he may see good ? Keep thy 
tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking 
guile." 

" Blessed are they that do hunger and thirst after 
righteousness, for they shall be filled." Those who 
desire to be righteous as ardently as those who 
hunger for food. 

" Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain 
mercy." Mercy is tenderness toward an offender. 
All who are born on this earth are offenders toward 
God, from Him we will receive mercy as we give 
mercy. 

" Blessed are the poor in heart, for they shall 
see God." I find this to mean, Blessed are the 
pure in mind, for in their minds they shall know 
God. 



&EF LECTIONS ON ELEOTKIOITY. 261 

" Blessed are the peacemakers, for. they shall be 
called the children of God." This is plain to all. 

" Blessed are they which are persecuted for right- 
eousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." 
Here, then, we have the words of Jesus showing 
that all on this earth who try to reform mankind 
from evil to good, will be persecuted ; for this earth 
is Satan and Satan is evil, and evil will persecute 
all who are good, and all who try to make others 
good; So they did to Jesus, whose life here was 
spent in trying to make the evil become good. We 
cannot expect that it will be otherwise with us ; 
but to us then will come the spiritual life, begun 
here ; and never ending hereafter. 

" Blessed are ye when men shall revile you, and 
persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil 
against you falsely, for my sake ; rejoice and be ex- 
ceeding glad, for great is your reward in Heaven, 
for so persecuted they the prophets which were 
before you." Here I notice that Jesus says, " Blessed 
are ye when men shall revile you and persecute 
you." I understand this to mean that the descend- 
ants of Satan in the flesh will revile and persecute 
those in whom dwells the Spirit of God, those who 
have knowledge from God ; those . who are great in 



262 REFLECTIONS Otf ELECTRICITY* 

Science ; those who advance in thought, the same ag 
they reviled and persecuted Jesus. We must ex- 
pect it, if we fight evil in the name of Christ, for so 
persecuted were the prophets by the children of this 
earth. The reward of the prophets was great in 
heaven, so will be the reward of all who fight for 
Christ. 

This world is Satan's, so is the flesh ; as Satan 
persecuted Christ, he will persecute those who are 
Christ's. And all who practise the virtues which 
Christ has named are Christ's, no matter by what 
name they are called on this earth, be it Jews, 
Turks, Infidels, or Heretics, for if they are poor in 
spirit, if they mourn over evil, if they are meek, if 
they hunger for righteousness, if they are merciful, 
if they are pure in heart, if they are peacemakers, if 
they are persecuted for righteousness' sake, if they 
are reviled for all these things, then they are 
Christ's. Also, if they do not these evils named by 
Jesus if they do not break the commandments, if 
they do not kill, if they are not angry with their 
brother without a cause, if they do not commit 
adultery, if they do not have adultery in their hearts 
and eyes, if they put away what is an offense in 
their actions, if they do not put away their wife but 



REFLECTIONS OW ELECTRICITY. 263 

for the cause of fornication, if they do not swear by 
God, or swear at all, if they return not evil for evil, 
if they refuse not to help another, if they do not 
hate their enemy, if they bless and do not curse, if 
they pray for them who persecute them : whoso 
doest these blessed things and keeps from doing 
these evil things, are the children of God, and are 
as Christ, therefore they are Christians in truth, be 
they called Jews, Turks, Infidels or Heretics,, so 
named by the Church dogmas of these days. 

If they do not their alms to be seen of men, if they 
do not pray as the hypocrites, if they can pray from 
their heart and mind the Lord's Prayer, if in fasting 
in any way, the fast is to God and not to man, if they 
keep themselves clean in person as well as in mind, 
" anoint thy head, wash thy face," if they lay not up 
earthly treasures for the good of moth, and rust, and 
thieves, if they think not on evil but on good, if they 
try not to serve God and the world together and at 
the same time, if they judge not others wrongly, 
not forgetting that they will be judged the same, 
if they do not behold the mote in their brother's 
character and life, and remember the beam in their 
own character and life, if they do not give to what 
is only animal and of this earth, that which should 



264: REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

only be given to God, which is their most pure and 
most holy thoughts, their love, their deep respect, 
their obedience, their worship, their prayers, their 
life, for what is animal descends from dogs and 
swine, they are not w.orthy of your best thoughts 
and devotions, they will not understand you, and 
will turn and rend you. We have right after this 
the assurance of Christ that God is good and only 
gives what is good. He says that if you who are 
evil know how to give good gifts to your children, 
how much more shall God give good gifts to them 
that ask Him ; here then is what makes it impossible 
that God can send evil to any one. We do wrong 
to say when sorrow comes in any way that " it is 
the inscrutable way of Providence." It is simply our 
own ignorance in not understanding the right thing 
to do, or not to do which brings sorrow or evil to 
any one living. 

The Jews, Turks, Infidels, are still Christ's if they 
do what is right, and do not what is wrong ; if they 
do to others as they would others should do to them. 
And we shall know all who are Christ's by their 
lives ; they cannot do much evil if in their hearts 
there is no evil. 

And now I would say a few words of the so-called 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

miracles of Jesus. I have already spoken of the 
centurion of Capernaum and his faith ; I understand 
faith to mean the power of understanding a thing, 
and the centurion understood that Jesus had the 
power of electricity within Him, and could use it to 
cure all diseases. In this way He cured the mother 
of Peter's wife who was sick of a fever ; here Jesus 
touched her hand, and the electricity which passed 
from Him to her, cured her. 

In the tempest when Jesus was in the ship, He 
used his power over the wind and the water by elec- 
tricity. 

The two wild men who lived in tombs and who 
knew who Jesus was when they saw Him, wer.e.men 
without minds or souls. They were animals created 
by Satan and possessed by Satan, who is the power of 
evil, who had bound their souls and made them by do- 
ing so to become only animal. We read in Matthew's 
account that the herd of swine was a good way from 
them, and the evil spirits in the two men asked Jesus 
to suffer them to go away into the herd of swine. 
By electricity they passed from the men to the 
swine when Jesus willed them to do so. These evil 
spirits were to leave this earth, they could live on 
the earth only in what was animal created by Satan ; 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

they could not leave the earth but by the death of 
some living' thing. They had not been able to kill 
the. men, so when they entered the swine, they in 
them, caused them to run into the sea, and perish 
in the waters, and by the death of the animal life 
those evil spirits were cast out of this world. Now 
in Matthew's account we have that the evil spirits 
possessed two men, in Mark and Luke, it is one man 
and many devils, and also that the devils besought 
Jesus not to command them to go out into the deep. 
They did not wish to leave this earth and by the 
death of animal life they were obliged to do so. 
The two men in Matthew's account, I understand to 
mean, the animal man and the spiritual man, two in 
one, by the spiritual he knew Jesus, by the animal 
the man was exceedingly fierce like any other animal 
who could not be tamed, and who was dangerous to 
the lives of men. 

Jesus knew the thoughts of others by electricity, 
by the same Jesus cured the daughter of Jairus. 
We have the words of Jesus that she was not dead, 
but sleeping, and we must believe his words ; she 
was not dead but in a deep sleep which might be 
taken for death, perhaps a trance, or catalepsy. 

The woman who touched the garments of Jesus 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 267 

was cured because she knew and believed, as her 
words prove, that there was an unknown power in 
Jesus which could be communicated by touch and 
which could cure her. Jesus felt the electricity pass 
from Him to the sick woman, for He asked, " Who 
touched me ?" and the woman was cured. 

Two blind men. These, when Jesus touched their 
eyes, were cured by electricity. 

The dumb man. He was supposed to be possessed 
by a devil, but he was cured by Jesus. So was the 
man with the withered hand, and by the electricity 
in Jesus. 

In Matthew, we have these words of Jesus, " If I 
by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your 
children cast them out ? therefore, they shall be 
your judge." By the word " devils " I understand 
evils ; if the children of the Pharisees could cast out 
evils, they could only do so by the good within them 
and not by the evil within them. Therefore they 
judged their parents who accused Jesus of casting 
out evils, by the prince of the devils, that is, Satan, 
who is prince of this world. And this accusation 
was blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which is not 
to be forgiven unto men. Man, the animal de- 



268 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY". 

cended from evil by animal nature, and being evil 
they could not speak good things. 

Christ's power was power over the elements of 
this earth, as he stilled the winds and the sea, and 
He walked on the sea by the power of electricity 
which was in Him. 

Jesus also tells us that it is vain to worship God, 
if we teach for doctrines the commandments of 

* 

men. 

Jesus cured the Canaan young- woman, vexed 
with, an evil disease, after testing the knowledge of 
the mother of the young woman as to his having 
the power to do so. 

Also the lunatic young man, sore vexed with a 
disease which caused him to fall into the fire or into 
the water, if he was near either when the fit came 
on. 

It is after this that Jesus tells his disciples that 
had they faith, which I understand to mean had 
they faith to gain the knowledge of the power over 
the elements of this earth, they could remove 
mountains, and nothing would be impossible to 
them. 

And Jesus tells us that the Christian religion is 
also to keep the commandments, for when the rich 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 269 

young man asked Him " Which ?" Jesus said, " Thou 
shalt do no murder. Thou shalt not commit 
adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not 
bear false witness. Honor thy father and thy 
mother, and thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self." 

The fig tree was withered by electricity, as an 
object lesson to the disciples, as a hypocrite is 
withered, pretending to be a Christian and having 
none of the Christian virtues. 

By man's decree, woman is no citizen of any 
country, or city, or kingdom on the face of this 
broad earth. Eighteen hundred and ninety four 
years ago, she took refuge in the kingdom of heaven, 
and she is a~ true, lawful, and loyal citizen there ; 
no man can debar her entrance ; no law can forbid 
her to vote within her mind, as to who shall govern 
her, her soul or her animal body Christ, or this 
world. 

An intelligent woman, able to read and to think, 
should not permit any man of this earth, of high or 
low office, to interfere in any way with her glorious 
liberty in the kingdom of God. She knows far 
better by long practice, better than any man can 
tell her, what are her duties in the kingdom of 



270 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 

heaven. They are willingly performed by her, and 
in them she takes her greatest pleasure and delight ; 
they are perfectly natural to her, for by them she 
lives. Her loyalty to Christ will never die, she is 
not disturbed by what men say or think of Christ, 
or what they prove or do not prove by the logic of 
this earth, or by what men believe or do not believe 
of Christ. For to woman He opened the kingdom 
of heaven, and to it they flee in their troubles on 
this earth, and by doing so they obey Christ, who 
said, "Come unto me, all ye that labor and are 
heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke 
upon you and learn of me ; for I am meek and lowly 
in heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For 
my yoke is easy and my burden is light." 

Christ was heavy laden with the sufferings to 
which all flesh is heir, for He is speaking here as 
mankind, and to mankind. He bears a yoke, which 
is the yoke of the body of this earth, and God bears 
no yoke ; God is not heavy laden ; and Christ the 
Son of God came in the flesh to tell us how to get 
rest. He tells us to bear the troubles of this earth 
. as He did when on this earth, and to learn of Him, 
as He was meek and lowly in heart toward earthly 
things, and nqt caring for earthly things, He found 



REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 271 

the trouble and burden and yoke which earthly 
things bring, easy, for that reason, to bear, and the 
burden light. All women who think and meditate, 
find that this is so, they have entered the kingdom 
opened to them by Christ ; they will not leave it 
until the burden of life falls, and they will realize 
their citizenship when they will enter into the joys 
of their Lord. 



THE END.