clbc Olnivcr^U\> of Cbicatjo
ACCORDING TO THE
ACTS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF THE SPECIES
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN
CAIN CHICO, THE CHIMPANZEE
BOURGET THE DlSCIPLE
MOSES EGYPTIAN RELIGION
ELECTRICITY THE WORKS OF JESUS
TO THE READER.
I am not infallible. Search and see if these
things are true.
These Reflections are not written against any
denomination among the Churches, or in favor of
any denomination among the Churches. They are
written to endeavor to give more light on the
religion given unto us by Christ.
We have taken the interpretation of the life
of Jesus and his teachings which our forefathers
have handed down to us. They were sincere in
their efforts to understand the life of Christ, under
the light of their day; but God is giving to us more
light which is fitted to our day, and which would
have been blinding to our forefathers.
Science is the power which God gives to the
minds of men, and it is the light which He gives to
guide us ; it will be brighter and brighter as the
world goes on. It has always shone in the darkness,
but the darkness comprehended it not. Mankind
resisted it, tried to extinguish it, by resisting and
putting to death the men* and women to whose
minds God had sent the light. They hated the
light because the light showed that they mankind
were of evil. Christ told us that such would be
the case. He said the time cometh when those who
kill you will think they do God's service.
Those who think that they and no one else
serve God are to be found only in Church denomin-
ations ; their service to God they perform, follow-
ing the dogmas of their separate Churches without
looking to see if these dogmas are pleasing to God,
and if the dogmas can stand the light which shines
in the darkness, and if they comprehend the light,
certainly those who lived on this earth when Christ
was here did not comprehend the light He brought
to them ; like the Ephesians, they tried to kill the
light by shouting their dogmas as being as great
as " Diana of the Ephesians." Do we do the same
now ? Are we not unwilling to receive more light ?
We sing in our churches, " Kindly Light, lead on,"
but we refuse to follow the light, if the light leads
us one step further than our forefathers could see ;
we turn back and cry out, " Great are the dogmas of
our Church," and so we resist the spirit of Christ,
which He promised to send to guide us.
aul tells the men in Antioch that those who
dwell at Jerusalem and their rulers, because they
knew not Christ, nor yet the voices of the Prophets
Which are read every Sabbath day, they fulfilled
the voices of the prophets in condemning Christ
Here I ask, Are we certain that we . understand what
Christ has told us, as well as the Prophets' teach-
ings.? Are we making the same mistake that the
men of Antioch made, are we blind to the light
shining in our day. Paul also tells them, "Through
this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of
sins," not supposing that Paul means himself. I
suppose this to mean Christ's human nature, the
sins being our human nature inherited from animals
created of this earth, Satan being the Prince of this
earth ; and Paul adds that, " They would not believe
the work of God," which work I believe to be
Evolution of animal matter and of mind " though
a man declare it unto you " the man Jesus Christ.
Therefore we must work out our own salvation
with fear and trembling.
" Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling gloom,"
" Lead on."
Paul of Tarsus 13
Darwin's Origin of Species 83
Darwin's Descent of Man in
Reflections on Cain 157
Reflections on " Le Disciple " 167
Reflections on Moses 199
Reflections on Electricity.' 247
" The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters."
-Gen. i : 2.
!-<- -*. -5
REFLECTIONS ON PAUL.
PAUL OP TARSUS.
Reflections on Paul of Tarsus, according to the Acts in
the New Testament.
The first interpretation of the life of J esus we
find bound with the Gospels, and these writings are
attributed to Saul of Tarsus. Can we be certain
that Paul wrote these himself. No, we can not, for
Paul had disciples who wrote his epistles, as he him-
self proves in the II Thessalonians which ends with
these words, " The salutation of Paul with my own
hand, which is the token in every epistle : so I
write." That is, the salutation is Paul's, the writ-
ing of the salutation, Paul's own handwriting ; the
rest therefore is by his disciples, or by those of the
14 PAUL OF TARSUS.
Pauline school, and all of the epistles have not the
salutation in Paul's own hand.
We first find Paul when he was a young man,
standing as a witness to the death of Stephen, who.
had just preached a sermon which Paul had un-
doubtedly heard, as he here gives an account of the
sermon preached b)^ Stephen, and the sermon was
the cause of -Stephen's death. The command to
stone Stephen to death must have been given by
the young man named Saul, since he consented to
his death, and to being a witness that the stoning
was just and due ; for those who did the stoning
laid down their clothes at the feet of Saul, the wit-
ness. Saul had heard this sermon preached by
Stephen, and Stephen in his sermon had said,
" The most high dwelleth not in temples made with
Solomon built a house for the God of Jacob.
The temple of Solomon was considered by the Jews
to be the dwelling place of God, God's house.
Jesus has told us that God is in heaven, and not in
any house made with hands. Very much like what
in these days some denominations think of their
churches built with hands, and if Jesus came now to
tell them again that God does not dwell in their
PAUL OF TARSUS. 15
churches, would they believe Him, or stone Him
as they did to Stephen ? Stephen told those who
heard him, Paul among the number, that they
always resisted the Holy Ghost, as their fathers did
so did they. Their fathers let us see who they
were. We find them to be the descendants of ani-
mals, who are the descendants of evil, in other
words, of Satan. In their animal nature they resist
the Holy Ghost, that is, they resist their own soul,
which is striving through their conscience to make
them think and understand the will of God. It is
that will, which we ask in prayer to have done on
this earth as it is done in heaven.
Stephen goes on in his sermon and tells them
that their fathers persecuted the prophets, and
killed those who showed that Jesus was coming to
this earth, and that their fathers betrayed and mur-
dered the Just One. Let me here say that on this
earth the Just One is still murdered, literally, by the
death of those who try to be just in any public
office, and terribly true in those who resist the light
which comes to the minds of a few intelligent men
or women, who see and understand that when the
race of mankind was a child, they thought and
spoke as a child, but now that the evolution in
16 PAUL OF TAKSUS.
thought has brought the race of mankind to a higher
age, they should think as men and put away child-
ish things. But the ignorant would murder the
thoughts of these men and women, no longer chil-
dren ; they succeed in this for a time, but they can-
not fight against God for any length of time. Jesus
has told us that Satan was a murderer from the be-
ginning. We go to the beginning of mankind
evolved into his present form, and we find that Cain,
the first child of Adam and Eve, that is, the first-
born of mankind, was a murderer. Let me ask
here, was this first-born son of mankind made by
God, and made in his image, or made by Satan, Sin,
and in his image ?
Stephen had been arrested by the order of Paul,
when Paul found Stephen disputing, or as we say
now, arguing with those of the synagogue. It was
on the subject of religious belief that Stephen ar-
gued ; and the priests of the synagogue, or church
as we say in these days, were not able to resist the
wisdom and the spirit by which Stephen spake.
Stephen then spake by the spirit, and the wisdom
was the wisdom which he had in his soul or mind ; it
was not carnal wisdom, but spiritual wisdom, and
PAUt OF TAKSTTS. 17
that was the reason why carnal Paul could not resist
the wisdom of Stephen.
It was undoubtedly Paul who stirred up the peo-
ple and the elders and the scribes, who caught
Stephen and brought him to the Council, and set up
false witnesses who said, "This man ceaseth not to
speak blasphemous words against this holy place
and the Law." Paul was eloquent and well trained
in making speeches to the people, which speeches
could excite them and stir them to any daring act,
be it for good or for evil, for Paul had sat at the
feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the per-
fect manner of the law of the fathers and was zeal-
ous toward God, as we all are this day. Here let
me say that Paul who taught only according to the
fathers, and considered that law perfect, yet in the
evolution of his mind caused by the light sent to
him, he no longer considered the laws of the fathers
as being perfect ; he had the courage to say so and
confess his belief in Jesus. We find the character
of Paul a strange mixture, for he was courageous
and yet he was a great coward. For we find that
Paul thought it right to set up false witnesses to
help on what he thought was a good cause ; we
haye here by Paul's own hand, that the witnesses
18 PAUL OF TARSUS.
were false, no one but a coward would use false
witnesses. Paul thought it right to set up false wit-
nesses in what he thought was a good cause, he
thought that the eloquence and spirit of Stephen,
which he could not resist, would destroy the Jewish
religion if Stephen was allowed to live. Now to
resist in the sense in which it is here used, means
to prove by argument that that which Stephen
preached was not true, and this Paul found he
could not do. So he determined that Stephen
must die. The first thing, therefore, that we hear
of Paul is that he was a murderer ; for he put Ste-
phen to death by stirring up the people against
Stephen and consenting to be a witness to his
death an innocent man who had never clone Paul
any harm, but who was trying to do him, and all
who heard that sermon, the utmost good. For Ste-
phen assured them then and there, that the just
man whom they had betrayed and murdered, he
then saw through the open heavens, standing at
the right hand of God, giving them thus the as-
surance of the life immortal of their souls. They
had accused Stephen of having said that Jesus of
Nazareth shall destroy this place and shall change
the customs which Moses delivered us. We who
PAUL OF TAKSTTS. 19
live in these days, know that if Stephen did say
these things, that he spoke the truth, for the belief
and religion which Jesus of Nazareth gave us has
destroyed the Jewish nation at Jerusalem, and has
changed many customs which Moses delivered unto
them. Therefore if Jesus came to change these
old customs for better things, he showed us that,
evolution must go on until the end of the world.
Nothing on this earth now is the same as when
life began on this earth. All things must change
for the better, though we see it not so at first ; but
if we wish it or no, evolution goes on, slowly, in
counting time as to the length of our lives, but
swiftly in the time of God.
We now have in this account of Stephen, these
Words : " And all that sat in the council, looking
steadfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the
face of an angel." Now what shall we say of these
words? First, what is the face of an angel, for
whoever wrote these words of Stephen had some
idea of what the face, of an angel looks like. In-
spired, must be their first idea of an angel's face,
calm, holy, pure, expressing courage, firmness,
truth, reverence of God, fearless of men, stern, sol-
emn, grand and noble, alarming for a man to look
20 PAUL OF TAESUS.
steadfastly at ; for all accounts given us in the
Bible of angels, tell us that those who see an angel
feel fear. Paul, looking at Stephen and seeing his
face like the face of an angel, must Lave remem-
bered that face all his life time. Having consented
to the violent death of such a man, in after reflec-
tion he must have felt fear when he thought of the
face of Stephen as he sat in the council against him,
and remembered that the face was the face of an
angel. Perhaps this was the reason that the high
priest permitted Stephen to speak and preach the
sermon which the seventh chapter in Acts gives
us, gazing at St. Stephen's face, he feared and did
not prevent his speaking.
The sermon was preached by Stephen, but the
very first words look as if Paul had written the ser-
mon as we have it in the Bible, for he begins with
these words : " Men, brethren and fathers,
hearken," and Saul begins his own defense at
Jerusalem with the same words, " Men, brethren
and fathers," which we know was the custom in
those days among the Romans, still it is a strong
argument that Saul wrote this sermon preached by
Stephen then commenced his sermon with
FATTL OF TARSUS. 21
Abraham, how God appeared to him, and sent him
out of his country and from his relations into
another land, and that Abraham lived in the land
in which those who listened to Stephen then dwelt,
and that those who heard him had betrayed and
murdered Jesus. I pause here to say, Are we doing
the same as they ? Is God sending us prophets,
that is, sending us wise men, to whose minds God
sends new light in science or otherwise, and do we
persecute them ? Sometimes persecuting them to
death in what is supposed to be a refined and civil-
ized way. Stephen says that those who heard him
had received the law by the disposition of angels,
and had not kept it, the law being the knowlege of
God's will, the same will which we pray to have
done on this earth as it is done in heaven.
Stephen goes on in his sermon with the history
of Moses and the children of Israel, and how when
these were left to themselves for a short time they
quickly began to worship idols, and to rejoice in the
works of their own hands ; just as people do even
in these days, and worshiped the host of heaven,
as in these days they worship the so-called saints in
their Church calendar, and the figures of their
22 PAUL OF TARSUS.
saints which they make for ignorant persons to
worship. (Acts vii : 43.)
And Stephen in his sermon tells them that the
Most High dwelleth not in temples made with
hands, and he tells his hearers that they always re-
sist the Holy Ghost, as their forefathers did, so do
they ; that they persecuted the prophets, and that it
was not possible to name a prophet whom they had
not persecuted. Is it possible to name a prophet
or scribe in these days whom they have not tried to
Stephen tells them in his sermon of the birth of
Isaac, of Jacob, of Joseph in Egypt, of Jacob's
death, and of Moses, and that Moses was learned in
all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was mighty
in words and deeds. I .pause here to say that Jesus
being the prophet which Moses said : " The Lord
your God shall raise up unto you, like unto me ;
him shall ye hear." Here, then, we say, is one
resemblance ; Jesus was mighty in words and deeds ;
He was like unto Moses in that He has told us God's
will as concerns our souls, and He leads us on in
spirit as Moses led the children of Israel in their
carnal bodies. Moses seeing one of them suffer
wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was
PAUL OF TAESUS. 23
oppressed ; so Christ came to help those who suf-
fer wrong. Moses trying to separate two fighting
men and saying to them' : " Sirs, ye are brethren.
Why do ye wrong one to the other." But the man
who did wrong, thrust Moses away saying : " Who
made thee a ruler and a judge over us ?" Now I
pause in the sermon of Stephen to say that he
doubtless preached Moses as referring to Jesus, for
Jesus came to this earth to deliver our souls from
the bondage of our bodies. He was learned in the
wisdom of God, and he was mighty in words and
deeds, but those about him did not understand him,
the same as the children of Israel understood not
that God by the hand of Moses would deliver them.
If Jesus gained his learning in. human ways, and
we wish to know this, we must hunt up the life of
Jesus between the ages of twelve and thirty. We
are told in the Bible that Jesus after being found in
the temple disputing with the doctors, went back
with his parents and was subject unto them, but we
cannot believe that He was so until the age of
thirt)'. However, when Jesus told those about Him
that they were brethren, and should do to other as
they would that others should do to them,, they
24 PAUL Off TARSUS.
answered Him, Who gave you this authority, and
who made you a ruler and judge over us ?
We now go on with Stephen's sermon. He tells
them that Moses sees an angel as a flame of fire in
a bush ; Moses trembled and was afraid to look,
and Moses received the command of God. Then
we read in this sermon of Stephen these words,
" This is he that was in \\\e Church in the wilderness,"
and we ask who put in the word " Church" for we
all know that it was a tabernacle with the children
of Israel in the wilderness ; but, do I hear you say,
it means not a place of worship, but an assembly of
God's people. We answer that we know this, but
we promised to give you Reflections on Paul accord-
ing to the Bible ; therefore, we ask how came the
word Church in this account of Stephen's sermon.
Stephen then tells them that the people asked
Aaron to make for them gods to go before them,
and that they made a calf, and offered sacrifice unto
the idol, a calf, and rejoiced in the works of their
own hands. We ask who does not in these days
rejoice in the work of their own .hands ? When
Stephen tells his congregation that they murdered
the Just One, it was then that those who heard him
were cut to the heart, and gnashed on him with
PAUL OP TAESUS. 25
their teeth the same as angry animals gnash with
their teeth. And Stephen being full of the Holy
Ghost saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on
the right hand of God. It is here we think
that the last verse of the last chapter should be
(" And all that sat in the council, looking stedfastly
on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an
angel "), for only seeing Christ could make the face
like the face of an augel.
These people now behaved as people behave in
these days, when a scientific prophet is sent by God
to tell them things which they do not know. They
cry out with a loud voice, stop their ears and run
upon him with one accord, and, they would if they
could, cast him out of the city and stone him. So
they stone Stephen, who said, " Lord Jesus receive
my spirit," and " Lord lay not this sin to their
charge. And when he had said this he fell asleep."
Now Paul was the one persecuting Stephen ; he
heard the sermon, 'he witnessed the death, he heard
the last words ; he was the one who murdered
Stephen, though by the hands of others, and we
have no record here that Paul, himself, in his zeal,
did not cast stones at Stephen.
Paul continued the persecution of those who
26 PAUL OF TARSUS.
believed in Christ, and so great was that persecution,
that the Christians were all scattered abroad
throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria. And
Paul made havoc of the Christians, entering into
every house and haling men and women, committing
them to prison. (The word " Church " used here
does not seem to belong to the time of Christ, for
there were then synagogues and temples, not
churches. Who then wrote the Acts of the
Now Paul was continuing to slaughter, or murder
the disciples of Jesus. This makes us think of St.
Bartholomew's day in the slaughter of the
Huguenots, only Paul's slaughter was more wide-
spread and lasted longer. To carry it on he
desired letters to the Damascus synagogues, from
the high priests, which letters were to state that
Paul had the power to bring bound to Jerusalem all
who believed in Jesus Christ, be they men or women;
their only offense was' that they believed in Jesus,
and Paul hated Jesus. These victims of Paul had
an inward belief in Jesus ; they believed what Jesus
had told them of the immortality of their souls.
But Paul hated something else, and that was the
PAUL OF TARSUS. 27
evident power over self and over others which this
belief in Jesus gave to both men and women.
As Paul journeyed to Damascus he thought on
these things, for he was going to Damascus with
one intent, which was to bind Christians and bring
them to die at Jerusalem. He must have thought
of their wonderful courage, their power over others,
and the strength of their will which enabled them
to suffer anything rather than give up their faith
in Jesus and cease to preach Him. Also Paul must
have seen signs done by the Christians, and being
learned and not being able to do these signs him-
self, or understand how they were done ; above all
he had witnessed the death of Stephen, heard what
Stephen had said, had seen his face as the face of
an angel. Now Paul loved power over his fellow
beings, he wished to.be a leader, he was fond of
making discourses ; being eloquent he loved to
stir up the people ; he saw that the disciples could
stir up the people to such an extent, that they clung
to their new belief even unto death. Saul had
never heard any one whom he had murdered
speak in dying of his spirit as being immortal, and
as being sure that the living Jesus was able to
receive that spirit after the death of Jesus and the
28 PAUL OF TAJtSUS.
death of Paul's victims. Nor had Paul ever heard
one of his victims, as he died, cry with a loud voice,
" Lord, lay not this sin. to their charge." As I have
said before, Saul's vision on his way to Damascus
may be true to the letter, but it may also mean the
flash of lightning falling near enough to stun and
blind Paul, and all with him may have felt the
shock. I have also said before that Jesus under-
stood the use of electricity, and that by it he
worked the so-called miracles, being filled with
electricity himself; and that electricity is one of
the earth's attributes, arid by the evolution of man's
mind he will learn more and more to use it. Also
this account may mean that a light came to Saul's
mind, so that he suddenly understood Jesus Christ,
and his conscience told him that in persecuting the
Christians he was persecuting Christ himself, and
he asked himself, in his mind, What shall I do ?
For he was on his way to Damascus to bind men
and women, whom he was to bring to Jerusalem to
die there, and he was authorized to do so. What
then was he to do, having suddenly understood in
his mind what, in truth, he was going to do. No
doubt he thought of not going at all to the city, but
on second thought he determined to go and find
PAUL OF TARSUS. 29
some of the disciples of Jesus and ask them what
he was to do. Let me here say that what I have
here written is for those who prefer not to take the
old interpretation of Paul's conversion, and the
Bible account literally. I wish to show that there
can be truth in it though it holds no miracle. If
written by Paul himself, it was the poetical way
in which Paul wrote, the same as he uses the pieces
of armor worn in his day when he writes of the
armor of light (Romans xiii : 12), also the breast-
plate of righteousness, feet shod with the prepara-
tion of the gospel of peace, the shield of faith, the
helmet of salvation, the sword of the spirit
(Ephesians 6). And here I ask, Are we to take this
literally ? Had Paul a visible breastplate, feet shod,
a shield, a helmet, a sword, or were these poetical
figures used by him in writing ? If so, then in all
his writings he used such things as figures of
Saul's conversion to the Christian religion was
thought out in his intelligent mind by himself in
three days' meditation. So deep was the meditation,
so lasting and unbroken, that he did not eat, drink or
sleep. His coming to Damascus with letters to the
Synagogue, and great authority from the high
30 PAUL OF TARSUS.
priest, could not have been a secret as he was very
much feared by the Christians. Ananias says, " I
have heard of this man, how much evil he hath
done tovthe saints at Jerusalem, and the authority
he has here from the chief priests." This being
the case, Saul's three, days of meditation must have
been known to the Christians, and we say, even in
these days, that the scales fall from our eyes when
we mean that we suddenly understand a thing.
Paul was a learned man, and his preaching Christ
and that Christ was the son of God would be noth-
ing else but convincing and confounding to the
Jews, who, like those of these days, when convinced
of a new truth against their will, at once take coun-
sel to kill the truth. The Jews to do this wished to
kill the man who preached the truth ; in these days
many try to kill the new truth or light, preached or
written by a man, by turning him away from their
church building, and try to kill his -writings.
Mankind does always resist the Holy Ghost, which
we all know now can only dwell in our minds or
souls. And now we come to the proof of Paul's
cowardliness. When he knew that they wished to
kill him, he went by night and being let down in a
basket over the wall, he escaped. This is the same
PAUL OF TARSUS. 31
Saul who had seen men and women die for their
faith in Christ. How many women, think you, had
Paul put to death. He must have seen their won-
derful courage, for he must have witnessed their
death. We know he had witnessed the death of
Stephen, who could not escape the persecution of
Saul, nor could the women escape. It seems to me
that Paul should have died the same as his many
victims, that is, died for his belief in Christ, and
faced death. He was a Roman, .he was free, where
was his courage? Those who wished to kill him
had not the great power which he had when he-
slaughtered women. Paul escapes from death,
again at Jerusalem, he is brought by the forgiving
Christians to Csesarea and sent to Tarsus, his native
Now at the city of Antioch we find Saul among
the prophets and teachers. These we are told min-
istered unto the Lord and fasted. "Ministered
unto the Lord " means that they taught spiritual
things to those who heard them ; ^ind u fasted "
meant in those days a different thing from what
fasting means in these days. We mean now going
without eating at all, but the fasting of those days
must have meant refraining from eating enor-
82 PAUL OF TARSUS.
mously, for we have the example of what eating
enormously is from the animals. They are torpid
and unable to move, our carnal bodies are the same.
How then can our minds think of spiritual things
when our carnal bodies are torpid from overeating.
Yet going without eating at all for an undue time
would not make us see spiritual things right, for so
long as the soul dwells in the body, it is, in a
measure, subject to the body.
These prophets and teachers, with their minds
unclogged by the over- fed flesh, were able to see
'and understand that Barnabas and Saul were the
most fit to be sent out together, to teach and preach
elsewhere. So Barnabas and Saul departed unto
Seleucia, from thence to Cyprus and Salamis.
There they preached in the synagogues of the Jews,
and at Paphos they found a false prophet who was
with the deputy, Sergius Paulus, a prudent man
who called Barnabas and Saul to hear from them
the word of God. Then Ely mas, the sorcerer or
false prophet, withstood them, seeking to turn away
the deputy from the faith. It is not difficult to
understand Ely mas, for even in these days such a
thing is done. Ely mas did not wish to lose the
money which he gained from the deputy, and which.
PAtTL OF TARSUS. 33
he would be certain to do if the deputy listened to
what Saul had to tell of the word of God, and which
was directly opposite to what a sorcerer would tell
him. Now we have seen that Saul was always full
of zeal and fire, even when he put innocent women
to death because they believed they had a right to
their own conscience and to believe that their soul
was immortal. Therefore, we can well imagine the
fire of Saul's eyes when he set his eyes on Elymas,
who dared to oppose Saul. Many had dared to
oppose Saul even unto death. Saul's nature was
well accustomed to resent any opposition, and death
was the punishment he dealt out, therefore we
think that this was the first time that he practised
self-restraint, for he did not kill Elymas but only
used some of the sorcerer's own means of making a
person blind for a season, that is for a certain
length of time, for there fell a mist and a darkness
on the eyes of the sorcerer, who had to find some
one to lead him by the hand. If this is Saul's first
convert, and the convert's name was Paulus, we
would ask, Is it the reason we are told here in the
Bible that Sergius was called Paulus ? Is he named
after Paul because being the first convert made by
34 PAUL OF TAKSTTS.
Paul, or was Saul here named Paul after Sergius
Paul was a man of high temper, a fierce, over-
bearing character, inordinately fond of power over
his fellow beings ; he would rule them by fear, he
was cruel and without pity, even to the weak arid
helpless. Had he lived later he would have reveled
in the Spanish Inquisition and its horrors. The
sufferings of his victims could give him pleasure.
He was indeed a child of the devil, such as he here
tells Elymas that he is, and what made this still
worse and more terrible, Paul was cunning and
clever, learned and eloquent, all of which .he had
used to persecute the Church of Christ. In other
words, those who believed in Christ ; so we find
Saul to be in the Bible account.
Now here we find Saul telling the sorcerer Elymas
that he is full of subtility (which means cunning),
and all mischief, that he is a child of the devil, an
enemy of all righteousness, and asking him if he
will not cease to pervert the ways of the Lord.
This is truly strange, for Paul has been all this
himself. One would say that it was Paul not Ely-
mas who was being addressed, and what are we to-
think of Paul's using the same means, of preventing
PAUL OF TARSUS. 35
Elymas from doing wrong, as we are told was used
to prevent Paul from doing wrong. For Paul lost
his eyesight for a season and had to be led by the
hand, and did it take the trick of the sorcerer
used by Paul to make the deputy believe In Christ.
We think not, for we have found that when Christ
used this power it was to restore the eyesight and
not to make blind, through all his ministry on
earth. The partial blinding of Saul at his conver-
sion was caused by the flash of electricity. If
Christ appeared to him it was by electricty, which
is blinding. We read of no sign or miracle of
Christ's but what was done to bless and not to curse.
And we think that the Christians using this power
after the death of Christ to do evil and not good, is
the reason that they lost the power. They were
not morally strong enough to bless their enemies,
they always tried to curse and injure them. But
Paul dared to say that the hand of the Lord made
Elymas blind, that hand which blessed even those
who were its enemies, that hand that did nothing
but good to all whom it touched, even to healing
the wounded ear of the soldier who went to bring
Christ to his death. Paul had joined the Christian
band, but this is no Christian act, to strike to blind-
36 PAUL OF TARSUS.
ness one who opposes you. Here we find the com-
mencement of the harm which Paul has done to the
Christian religion. He knew not the spirit of
Christ, he could not understand it, and his inter-
pretation of the life of Christ, in many respects, is
false and wrong. All that Paul has written of the
spiritual is what he heard the disciples of Jesus
teach ; it is not innate in Paul. This bloody, cruel,
persecuting man could not understand the spirit of
Christ, for even the nearest apostles of Christ did
not understand the spirit of Christ, as he himself
tells them, when James and John wished to com-
mand fire to come down from heaven and consume
those who would not receive Jesus in their village.
" Jesus turned and rebuked them, and said, Ye know
not what manner of spirit ye are, for the Son of man
is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save
them." How does this agree with Paul's striking
Elymas blind, or Peter, if he had anything to do
with the death of Ananias and Sapphira? This
man and woman who lied about money" matters, we
think that if all who lie about money matters died
suddenly when they did so, there would be but few
living on this earth. But this act of Peter's as well
as of Paul's, is not in the spirit of Christ. We,
PAUL OF TARSUS. 3T
therefore, say that the life of Jesus as given by the
apostles is the only account we should study to find
the spirit of Jesus, the example to us, and what he
meant us to understand by that life. It was not to
use the power he has given us to kill, to blind, or
injure in any way our fellow beings, be they good or
evil, if they do us good or wrong. The power is the
spirit of Jesus, and by it we, by doing good, must
overcome wrong, even if we suffer from it. Such
is the example Christ has given us. The spirit is
the motor for all our acts and thoughts in the body.
We should let it work and advance, not clog it with
the body so that it cannot move.
I know not who wrote the Acts of the Apostles,
but I know that it shows how soon evil crept into
the little band of Christians. Satan, or Evil, was as
busy then as now in animal children. The Christian
life is no easy life for the animal body we dwell in,
but he who' endeavors unto the end, this deadly
fight between flesh and spirit, will be saved.
To return to Paul we find that he and his com-
pany went from Paphos to Perga in Pamph)'lia,
John leaving him and returning'to Jerusalem. Per-
haps John remembered the rebuke of Jesus, when
they wished to call fire down on the village, and
38 - PAUL OP TAESUS.
thus John could not have approved the smiting
blind of Elymas by Paul. The high temper of
Paul, the gentleness of John, were not congenial, so
he left Paul.
Paul now comes to Antioch and went into the
synagogue on the Sabbath day, and there preached
a sermon to the Jews. He begins his sermon as
Stephen did his, with the children of Israel in
Egypt, and so on to David, and then to Jesus. The
sermon of Stephen no doubt made a lasting impres-
sion on Paul, ending as it did with the glorious
death of Stephen. Paul's sermon was well received,
but envy, that gift we have all received from Satan,
stirred up the Jews against Paul, and they did as
many in like circumstances do in these days when
they envy one his power, they contradict and blas-
pheme. And here Paul turns from the Jews to the
Gentiles, and here we find that Paul created a
dogma. He claims that he is chosen for salvation
unto the ends of the earth. Now the popes have
a similar dogma ; they claim that God has chosen
them to be salvation unto the ends of the earth.
Alas, for the earth, if this is so. I, the soldier and
servant of Christ, pronounce this to be blasphemy
against God who revealed unto us as far as we are
PAUL OP TAKSUS. 89
able to bear it, that our Christ is the one and only
salvation unto the ends of the earth. The second
dogma made by Paul is this : " As many as were
ordained to eternal life believed." (Acts xiii.)
This terrible dogma of preordained to be lost or
saved, is unjust, cruel, tyrannical and of man's in-
vention. No one, Jesus said, is good but God. If
we are preordained to be lost, why try to be good
and to be saved ? This is man's pride, so perman-
ent in Paul that he flattered himself that he was
preordained to be saved, others to be lost. Paul had
all his life been very certain that others were
wrong and must die. They were lost body and
soul if they did not think as he did. Paul did
not believe in the life of the soul when he put
the Christians to death in the body, and now
that he preaches the life of the soul his pride
will not permit him to think otherwise than that
others must be preordained to lose the eternal life
of their souls. This is not the spirit of Jesus
Before we end chapter thirteenth in Acts, we
find that the Jews stirred up devout and honorable
women against Paul, and expelled him from their
coasts. This was an indignity which the pride of
40 fAiTJL OF TAKSUS.
Paul would not permit him ever to forgive these
devout and honorable women. We see that these
women had equal power with the men to expel
Paul, and he, Paul, never did forget it or forgive it.
These women objected to Paul's dogma of pre-
ordaining persons to eternal life or eternal death or
eternal punishment, and to the second dogma of
Paul, which was, that Paul was chosen for the sal-
vation of the whole earth. These women were
stirred up by the men the same as ignorant women
of these days can be stirred up by men who under-
stand their weaknesses, but Paul never forgave
these devout and honorable women, and when he
had more power in the Church he writes, " I suffer
not a woman to teach, but to keep silent in the
Church." He dare not to say Christ suffers them
not to teach. Women ! to whom Christ gave so
many of his spiritual truths, as I have tried to show
in my " Origin of Sin," that had Christ forbidden
women to speak or teach, how much we would have
lost that is precious to our souls now and forever,
for he gave women many truths.
We do not believe that Paul understood the
spirit and teachings of Christ, and our reason for
saying so is that Paul by his much preaching and
AtJL OF >f AKSTJS. 4:1
speaking at once began to make dogmas for the
Churches. Now the teaching of Jesus was alto-
gether free from dogmas. We now come to the
third dogma, written in these words in Acts,
" Except ye be circumcised after the manner of
Moses, 3 r e cannot be saved." We pause here to
ask any honest minded person, if there are not in
all denominations such beliefs. Are we not told
except we do so and so, or believe so and so, we
cannot be saved, and do not these modern dogmas
cause no small dissension and "disputation among
Christians. Paul and Barnabas were sent to
Jerusalem to settle this question of circumcision.
Have we evolved to higher planes now, or do those
who teach still dispute about such 'small things?
Should not evolution continue in our minds so that
we shotild be much further on the road of thought
than Paul, who in ^his ignorance of God, invented
the dogma worthy only of proud and cruel man-
kind it's author that God who atone is good
should preordain any one before their birth into this
animal world to happiness and life eternal, or to
suffering and to hell. Paul 'did not understand the
spirit of Christ.
Peter here has the sense to see that these Chris-
42 PAtrr, OF TARSUS.
tians by making yokes and placing them upon the
necks of the disciples, were doing harm to the
Christian religion ; he adds that " they were yokes
such as neither our fathers nor we are able to bear."
I pause here to ask, Are we to take this simile of
yokes literally ? Were wooden or iron yokes
placed around the necks of men, or does it mean a
dogma,. an established principle or notion? Such
as Paul later on puts upon the neck of women, which
neither their mothers or they are able to bear.
In chapter xv. o the Acts we find that hot tem-
per of Paul, his pride, his overbearing, dominant
will, causing a sharp contention. Paul was think-
ing of himself and not of Christ. He was jealous
that any one beside himself should receive any
praise ; the disciples must have had a hard time with
Paul. I find Paul so far all for himself, and by no
means a lovable character and not a Christian at
heart. As we go on in the Bible account we see
that Paul does not hesitate to receive help from a
woman Lydia, a seller of purple in the city of
Thyatira. He goes twice to lier house and receives
her hospitality when in need of it. Many men have
done the same since the death of Paul and Lydia,
and yet the yoke which Paul, not Christ, put upon
J?AtJL OB* TARStJS. 3
women still remains a heavy burden on them, only
because the Roman Church and the other Churches
after them believe Paul, rather than believe Christ.
Paul in the city of Thyatira went through an "exper-
ience which all must meet who try to change an
evil habit into a good one. Those who gain money
by any existing evil will act the same as the mas-
ters of the damsel possessed with the spirit of divin-
ation (in other words, a hypnotized girl), who when
the damsel lost the power, by the command of Paul,
who in the name of Jesus Christ bade the spirit to
come out of her, then her masters stirred up the
people against Paul who was beaten and thrown
into prison. All reforms for the better cause a cer-
tain amount of persons to lose money at first,
that is those persons who love an evil way of gam-
ing money, and these resist the new evorution to-
ward a better state of things. And not only soci-
ety, but even religious knowledge of the truths
taught by Christ. Surely the priests living in the
days of Christ, fought and resisted Him and finally
murdered Him, because his teachings completely
changed all religious belief of those clays.
Now in Thessalonica we find, listening to Paul's
preaching and believing on Christ, " of the chief
I>AUL OF TARSUS.
women not a few." The word chief here means of
the first order, or class, and these women are men-
tioned as being of importance, but Paul overlooked
the fact that women are equal to men, and his teach-
ing could not have been in the spirit of Christ, as he
preached about earthly things and thereby makes a
commotion and trouble. We also find that at Berea
the honorable women who were Greeks believed,
and they were not few in numbers. Here I have a
word to say about these honorable women being
mentioned so often as the converts of Paul. Cer-
tainly we all wish both men and women who are
worthy of honor to believe in Christ, but I ask what
did " honorable women " mean in those days ? Did
it mean the rich men and women, or men and women
who were honored by a title and a high position in
the community. If this is so it is a great contrast
to what I read of Christ. The populace heard Him
and heard Him gladly, the sinner and the sick
heard Him. The poor had the privilege of hearing
Him preach. He was always among them, doing
them good in one way or another. Teaching them
the way out of their sufferings caused by sins. He
was accused by the proud of eating with sinners and
being with them at all times.
PAUL OF TARSUS. 45
Now Paul seems to boast that his converts are
among the rich and honored men, and he even
boasts of his converts among women who were also
honored. So far, Paul has told us only of converts
who stood high in the social rich world. How dif-
ferent, truty, this is from what we read of Christ.
The poor, the lame, the blind, the sick of loathsome
diseases, the persecuted, the depressed, these were
the converts to Christ, and the recipients of his
blessings. We find that Paul is accused of turning
the world upside-down, that is, of putting things
wrong, as it was understood by those who lived in
his day. I find that Paul put things wrong, and as
they were not meant to be, by giving to the world
a wrong notion of woman's usefulness in the world.
It is for women now to put the world back again on
its right side in the same sense that we imderstand
the above. We cannot explain it better than by
quoting the Bible in these words, " Male and female
created he them." Now we have heard it said
that when the command was given to search the
Scriptures, that the Scriptures were not written ;
here we have, however, this verse in Acts xvii.,
" These were more noble than those in Thessalonica,
in that they received the word with all readiness of
46 PAUL OF TARSUS.
mind, and searched the Scriptures daily, whether
those things were so." What Scriptures, therefore,
did they search ? Scriptures are the writings of
scribes, and scribes were men who wrote, and Christ
referred to the writings of the scribes when He
said, " Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think
ye have eternal life and they are they which testify
of me." John v : 39. Therefore, those Scriptures
were written before Christ spoke of them.
The Christians, again, help Paul to escape and
save his earthly life, and he is brought to Athens.
Here Paul disputed in the synagogue with the Jews
and with the devout persons, and they asked Paul
what the new doctrine was which he set forth.
Here we have the word " doctrine " in relation to
Paul, and it is called " new." I find not earthly
doctrine in the life of Jesus, it is all Scriptural.
Paul then preaches his sermon on Mars Hill at
Athens, and he tells the men of Athens that they
are too superstitious. We cannot help thinking
how many years ago that was, and yet superstition
is to be found even now among Christians. The
men of Athens had an altar to the Unknown God.
These men of Athens were wise enough to under-
stand that there is a God whom they could not
PAUL OF -TARSUS. 47
know ; nor do we know God except by what Christ
has told us. We have only to listen to what those
who call themselves Christians say of God to. feel
very certain that they do not know God. Men have
done many terrible things, thinking that they so
pleased God. It is impossible to know God we
can only hope to know God hereafter, when our
souls are freed from the body. Christ has told us
that, "No one has seen God but the Son," and we
still ignorantly worship God as the men of Athens
did. They had many devotions, are we in these
days free from many devotions, and are not these
many devotions still superstitious. Paul tells the
men of Athens that he can declare God unto them,
but can he, and does he do so ? He says that God
made the world and all things, and does not dwell
in temples made with hands. Now that God made
all things in which there is good is very true, but
we ask, Are all things in this world good? That
God does not dwell in temples made with hands,
that is by mankind, we believe, but do the Churches
in these days also believe that God does not dwell
in their temples ? A god dwelling in a temple is a
Paul says God is not worshioed with man^s
48 PAUL OF TARSUS.
hands, seeing we have from God our life, which is
our breath or soul. Paul also tells them that all
nations on the face of the earth are made of one
blood. We pause here to say that this is just what
Mr. -Darwin proves in his grand work. Paul here
brings in, however, his dogma of things being ap-
pointed beforehand that unjust idea of God's
goodness. He may be right in speaking of " times,"
and these " times " in the Bible may refer to evolu-
tions of animal life on this earth ; also " the bounds
of their habitations " may refer to their migration
over the earth. Paul says they are to seek for the
Lord, they are to feel after Him. This can only
mean, think of Him and feel within their souls that
they understand Him. The " Lord," meaning
Christ, for in Him we find the Motor of our life and
spiritual being, Paul then speaks of: the Greek
poets who say that we are the offspring of God. If
Paul is here speaking of our own souls, he says
true, but Mr. Darwin has proved beyond a. doubt
that our animal bodies are not the offspring of God,
.and the Greek poets who allowed that they knew not
God did not, of course, mean anything more than to
: say that mankind was the offspring of their im-
.agined gods. They in their self-pride wished to
OF TARSUS. . 49
believe that they were descendants of gods. Paul
tells them that they must not think that God is like
gold or silver, or stone graven by art aud man's
device, and yet we see these things in churches
even up to this our day. Paul says that God passes
this over, now commanding all men everywhere to
repent of this making of images. It is time now to
advance to a higher understanding of God, since the
world is to be judged by that ordained man raised
from the dead. Paul here believes that Christ in
his human body was man, and as man will be the
judge of mankind. Having lived in the flesh on this
earth and conquered the evils of the flesh, He, by
experience, knows what we are capable of bearing
and overcoming in the flesh. Therefore, He, Jesus,
will be our judge hereafter.
When the men of Athens heard of the resurrec-
tion, they mocked, but some believed, and among
the last we have the name of a woman, Damaris.
Paul in one of his sermons tells us that in times
past God suffered all nations to walk in their own
ways ; they only check each other by the strongest
overcoming the weakest, and we see no other chaek
to nations except ignorance of all -sorts, and a re-
fusal to follow advancement.
50 PAUL OF TARSUS.
Paul instead of breaking down the race prejudice
which the Christian religion teaches us should be
done, allows the prejudice to influence him ; for he
circumcised the man named Timotheus, whose
mother was a Jewess and whose father was a
Greek, and he does this in fear of the Jews and
before he permitted Timotheus to preach Christ.
This race prejudice we get direct from our animal
forefathers, for the animal species mostly flock
together. It is innate in our animal nature, and
since we evolved from our animal forefathers to
mankind, capable of evolution in soul and mind,
race prejudice has continued all over the earth. In
our own free country is the only place where we
find that race prejudice slowly fades away, the
country of refuge for all nations whose children
wish to be free in soul and mind. And when the
soul nature triumphs the whole race of mankind
will be Christian not before and then race pre-
judice will no longer exist. Race prejudice existed
strongly in the Jewish nation, as shown by the
nations or races of men whom the Jews extinguished
by their terrible wars.
In Acts xvi : 13, we find that Paul here is a wit-
ness to the truth that women are those who pray,
PAUL OF TARSUS. 51
for he went to the river side where prayer was wont
to be made, and spoke to the women which resorted
thither. Among them we find Lydia, and Lydia
took Paul and his disciples to her house. No men-
tion is made here of men. Women, then, whom
Paul persecuted to death, were his only audience
here and the only ones who gave him hospitality.
In the same chapter we have the account of the
3'oung woman who was hypnotized by her masters,
and Paul understanding the art used the power, in
the name of Christ, to loose the hypnotized woman.
Her masters, angry at losing their money gains,
acted the same as those who live in these days con-
stantly do in similar cases they brought up the
race prejudice in their argument, saying, These men
being Jews, do exceedingly trouble the city and
teach customs which . are not lawful for us to ob-
serve, as we are Romans. And when the magis-
trate sent the sergeants to let Paul and Silas out of
prison, Paul's pride made him refuse to go. He
was a Roman, he said, they must come in person
and take him out of prison. Race was Paul's feel-
ing. He does not say. that he was Christ's, but of
the Roman nation, and the magistrates fearing the
Romans, came themselves to take Paul out of prison.
52 PAUL OF TARSUS.
We have here race prejudice well defined in the
account of Paul's life after his conversion to Christ,
though he says that he is sent to the Gentiles. We
ask, Did Paul understand Christ ? There is but one
occasion in the life of Christ that came near to
being race prejudice, but as the record gives it, it
was only as a trial of a woman's faith, and this
woman showed that her soul could rise above race
prejudice. We find the account in Matthew xv.,
when answering the woman who asked him to have
mercy on her daughter grievously vexed of some
sin in the flesh. The record tells us, " But he
answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost
sheep of the house of Israel." The woman was
In Acts xi. we find Barnabas taking Paul with
him to Antioch where they remained a year preach-
ing, also the disciples were first called Christians
in Antioch. We pause here to ask, What did the
word " Christian " mean in those days ? The name
was given to the disciples, we suppose those who
had been with Christ. Paul had not been with
Christ. According to this record of the name, they
were not called Christians during the lifetime of
Jesus on this earth in the flesh, Christ gave no
PAUL OF TARSUS. 53
name of sect, or denomination, or Church, or creed,
to his followers or to himself, save -that they were
as his mother, brother and sister, if they did the
will of God, and they then were the sons of God.
We have in Corinthians i : 12, that every one said,
I am of Paul, I, of Apollos, and I, of Cephas, and I,
of Christ, and the question, " Is Christ divided ?"
from Paul, shows that race question still was there,
also, Paul's pride, for he places himself first and
Christ last. The epistle is not written by Paul, as
we are given the names of those who wrote it, but
the epistle bears these words at the end, " The salu-
tation of me, Paul, with my own hand," with the
"Anathema Maranatha"of Paul. These are cur-
ses such as a church calling itself Christian still
uses against those who dare to think with the lib-
erty of Christ. The Bible concordance tells me
that " Anathema " means a thing set apart as sep-
arated, put up in the temple of a god, consecrated,
devoted, and " Maranatha," is an emphatic assertion
of the apostle Paul in Chaldee or Syriac, meaning
" Our Lord has come."
So Paul is the one from whom we get Church
anathemas. Anathema in the Webster's dictionary
means an ecclesiastical curse and excommunication
54: PAUL OF TARSUS.
from the Church, and Maranatha means a curse. I
find, therefore, that a thing devoted or set up in a
temple to a false god, is a curse. Doubtless, it is a
curse to the ignorant person who sets up anything
to worship as a god, but I cannot see how the asser-
tion that " Our Lord has come," can be turned into
a curse, that is, if Paul here was speaking of Christ,
for our Lord Jesus Christ came to bless, and not to
curse, as the sermon on the mount testifies.
Now the first epistle to the Corinthians, our Bible
tells us, was written by Stephanus, Fortunatus,
Achaicus, and Timotheus, Paul's disciples. My
concordance tells me this, Stephanus was baptized
by Paul. Fortunatus was a Corinthian Christian,
mentioned by Paul. Achaicus was a Corinthian
who visited Paul at Philippi. Timotheus was a
young man of Lystra, son of Eunice, a Jewess, by a
Greek father. Paul circumcised him and took him
as his companion in travel, and addressed two
epistles to him this is all that we are told about
These four men were Paul's disciples. They
wrote the epistle to the Corinthians at Philippi,
where they all met, and were taught by Paul, and
were of his way of thinking- in reference to the
PAUL OF TAKSUS. 55
teachings of Christ. We have in the last chapter of
the epistle that " Timotheus worketh the work of
the Lord, as I also do," he therefore was of Paul's
school. I also find here in this epistle the founda-
tion of the Roman Church which has nothing in
common with the teachings of Christ. First we
have the collections, money collected by the order
of Paul this money must be ready when Paul ar-
rives at Corinth, he will send some one to bring the
money to Jerusalem. Now we all know that nothing
can be done on this earth without money, yet in the
record of the life of Jesus we see no such command
as requisite to the kingdom of God. Paul says he
will winter with them and they must bring him on
his journey, no matter where he is going. Apollos
was ordered by Paul to go to Corinth, but his will
was not to go. They were to submit themselves to
the house of Stephanus, then comes the curse if
they love not the Lord Jesus Christ according to the
teachings and commands of Paul. So we have read
in history how the cruel Inquisition cursed those
who saw not Christ or understood Him as those
cruel men said they understood Christ. Their vic-
tims loved the Lord Jesus Christ because He blessed
and did not curse or put to death any one. But the
56 PAUL OP TARSUS.
pride of Paul, his cleverness, and his love of power
over his fellow beings, made him distort what Christ
had taught, and found a Church which cursed man-
kind if they dared to seek after God in their souls,
minds and hearts, as Christ had- told them to do.
The Church of Paul forced them to say that they
believed what they did not believe. He used his
power and knowledge for evil and not for good of
mankind. Many struggles have been made to free
the world from believing untruths, but the men and
women to whom God sent the light were persecuted
and put to death, the same as Christ, their leader,
who brought the great light to this earth, to free
the animal children of sin from the consequences
of sin. But they understood Him not, so dark was
their mind, and so they put Christ to death the
same as any animal would try to kill any one who
tried to elevate it to a higher plane.
Animal mankind did not understand the great
power over nature which Christ came to tell them
that they could have if they followed the way He
showed them.. We must not forget that He said, " I
have many things to tell you but you cannot bear
them now." Man thinks that by killing those
whom God sends to him to help him to overcome
PAUL OF TARSUS. 57
his animal descent, that he can go on being an
animal and not be troubled about it any more.
He forgets that the Prince of this world is Satan or
Evil or Sin, as you choose to name the Prince, and
that though man evolved from animal to his pres-
ent form, in his nature are all the characteristics of
the animal from which he evolved. Witness Cain,
his first born, who murders his brother from
jealousy, and to get Abel out of the way; bethought
then he could have everything his own way. We
ask, Did he have everything his own way ? I read
that Cain was a fugitive in the earth and that it
was the earth that cursed him. We do not yet un-
derstand this record of Cain. A mark was set upon
him so that no one should kill him, moreover seven-
fold vengeance should be taken on him who slaugh-
tered Cain. That Cain went out oE the presence of
God, must mean that he lost from his soul the light
from God, and became only an animal. This is a
terrible record for those who have put to death in
what they call the Church of Christ, those who
would not believe the dogmas of the so-called
Church. We can only be in the presence of God in
our souls ; our animal bodies cannot live in the
presence of God.
58 PAUL OF TARSUS.
Acts xviii. We have Paul making" and keeping
vows, having shorn his head in Cenchrea. How
little Paul understood Christ. A vow is to swear
to something. In Matthew v. we are told by Christ,
Swear not at all, neither by heaven, for it is God's
throne, nor by the earth, for it is his footstool,
neither by Jerusalem, neither by thy head. So
Paul, not understanding what Christ taught and
preached, brought into the Christian religion those
old, foolish customs, such as vows and curses. Paul
.thought nothing of John's baptism, and yet Jesus
went to John to be baptized.
Acts xix. We find Paul separating the disciples
and disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus ;
so here we find Paul founding and starting dis-
putes in the Church of Christ, having things all his
own way the same as the Roman Church does in
these days. Quarrels about small things and mak-
ing dogmas grievous to be borne and placing them
on other men's shoulders. As Paul was a man of
quick, domineering temper, the disciples being
taught by Jesus to control their temper, -yielded to
Paul, who being a worldly, educated man had that
advantage over them, though they themselves did
not wholly understand Christ, as the record shows.
PAUL OF TARSUS. 59
Then we come in Acts to the man with the evil
spirit as being adjured by the name of Jesus, whom
Paul preacheth. This was done by Jews whom
Paul calls vagabond Jews. The answer of the man
adjured is not in keeping with the Christian
religion, but it is in keeping with the Roman
Church, the answer being, " Jesus I know, and
Paul I know, but who are ye ?" We turn to Mark
ix : 38, and find that when the disciples said to Jesus
that they saw one casting out devils in his name,
and as the man did not follow them, they forbade
him to cast out devils in the name of Jesus. But
Jesus said, "Forbid him not, for there is no man
which shall do a miracle in my name that can
lightly speak evil of me." Therefore I understand
this failure (if the account is true) to be the addi-
tion of Paul's name. The Jesus whom Paul
preached was not the Jesus called Christ.
In Corinthians we find, " I, of Paul, I, of Cephas, I,
of Apollos, I, of Christ." This shows how many
denominations there were, as early as this, in the
Christian religion, and we owe this division to Paul.
Each of these schools had their dogmas, and each
understood and preached Christ as they individually
imderstpod the religion, just as in our days, Baptist,
GO PAUL OF TARStfS.
Methodist, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Congregational,
Unitarian, Roman Catholic, and many more. This
reminds us of some verses found in an old scrap
book of sixty years ago. I here give them, as they
still teach a lesson.
THE CHILD MARKET.
Who bids for the little children,
Body, and soul, and brain.
Who bids for the little children,
Young and without stain ?
" We bid," said Pest and Famine,
" We bid for life and limb,
Fever, and pain and squalor,
Their bright young eyes shall dim."
" I bid," said Beggary, howling.
" I'll buy them, one and all,
I'll teach tham a thousand lessons,
To lie, to skulk , to crawl."
" And I'll bid higher and higher,"
Said Crime, with a wolfish grin,
" For I love to lead the children,
Through the pleasant paths of sin."
" Oh, shame," cried true religion,
" Oh, shame, that this should be.
I'll take the little children,
I'll take them all to me.
PAUL OF TAESUS. 61
I'll raise them up with kindness
From the mire in which they're trod,
I'll teach them words of blessing,
I'll lead them up to God."
" You're not the true religion,"
Said a sect, with flashing eyes.
" Nor thou," said another, scowling,
" Thou'rt heresy and lies."
" You shall not have the children,"
Said a third, with shout and yell,
You are anti-Christ and bigot ;
You'd train them up for hell."
And England, sorely puzzled
To see such battle strong,
Exclaimed with voice of pity,
" Oh, friends, you do me wrong.
Oh, cease your bitter wrangling,
For till you all agree,
I fear the little children
Will plague both you and me."
But all refused to listen.
Quoth they, " We bide our time."
And the bidders seized the children,
Beggary, Filth and Crime.
And the prisons teemed with victims,
And the gallows rocked on high,
And the thick abomination
Spread reeking to the sky.
62 PAUL OF TAKSUS.
Had the author of these lines lived in these days,
he would have added to Crime, Ignorance ; and he
would have known that no child \vas born into the
world without a stain the first stain is the animal
descent. The second stain is more or less deter-
mined by what the parents have been in their ani-
We return to Acts and are told there that many
who had books of curious arts, brought them and
burned them. This was Paul's work ; he was the
founder of the Roman Church, who burn or destroy
all books which do not agree with their dogmas. I
read nowhere that Christ commanded books of art
to be destroyed. These curious arts may have been
scientific books which do no harm except in the
hands of the Roman Church. But Paul in his pride
wished to be at the head of the Christian Church,
and not regarding the liberty which Christ gave to
the souls of his followers, he, Paul, at once took the
liberty away. In founding the Roman Church, his
fellow-men were not to think but as he, Paul, chose
them to think. Paul, true to the Church he founded,
knows the value of money, for we are told that the
books which were destroyed were valued at fifty
PAUL OF TARSUS. 63
thousand pieces of silver. Christ, the record says,
had no money !
In Acts xix. We have the race prejudice. In the
confusion in the city of Ephesians, caused by Paul
and money matters of the silversmiths, when a man
named Alexander wished to speak to the people.
When they knew that he was a Jew, they behaved
very much like idiots, for they cried out for two
hours, that, " Great is Diana of the Ephesians." We
notice that it is Diana of the Ephesians it was not
the goddess Diana of other cities, or other pagan
sects, but the idol Diana made of silver or gold of
the city Ephesus. We are worse than pagans, for
the sects declare that the dogmas of their Church is
the only true understanding of Christ there are
many sects in all cities, and lands and countries.
This account of the statue of Diana, which was
said to have fallen down from Jupiter, the king
among the pagan gods, reminds me of my visit to
Einsiedeln in Switzerland. I was there at the time
of the pilgrimage of high festival. This is the tra-
dition. The Abbey was founded in the time of
Charlemagne. A chapel was built in honor of a
miraculous image of the Virgin. The man who
built the chapel was assassinated. The ravens,
P>4: PAUL OF TARSUS.
which were his pets, followed the assassins to Zurich
where they were arrested. A bull of Pope Leo
XIII. confirmed the miracle and accorded plenary
indulgences to all who should perform the pilgrim-
age to " Our Lady of the Hermits." Now these are
the facts. The offerings of the crowd of worshipers
were a source of great wealth to the Abbey, after
St. Gall it became the richest Abbey in Switzerland.
The Emperor Rudolf of Hapsburg created its
Abbott Prince of the Empire in 1274. Its dignitary
lived in almost a regal magnificence, exercising
supreme authority over an extensive district. In
the Roman Catholic cantons in Switzerland, in these
days, the abbott is styled " Prince of Einsiedeln "
(the Prince of the world is Satan, as Christ said),
and is invested with considerable power. When
the French invaded the country in 1798, they seized
the greater part of the treasures, but the Fathers
rescued the image of the Virgin, the chief object of
their veneration (and, I add, the chief object of
their money gains). The number of pilgrims
amounts to 150,000 annually. The greater propor-
tion belong to the ignorant and poorer classes.
They are paid by the rich to perform an act of de-
votion by deputy. In the open space before the
, PAUL QF TARSUS. 65
church are two fountains, but as it is not certain
which is the right one, the pilgrims drink of both so
as not to make a mistake. Near the church there are
stalls where missals, images of saints, rosaries, med-
als, crucifixes, and similar articles are offered for sale.
So extensive is this traffic that at Beuziger's Li-
brary, no fewer than twelve printing presses, twenty
lithographic presses, sixty bookbinders, and one
hundred and fifty colorists are constantly em-
In the interior of the church stands the chapel of
the Virgin, of black marble, the " Sanctum Sanc-
torum," with a grating, through which, illuminated
by a solitary lamp, a small image of the Virgin and
Child is visible, richly attired and adorned with
crowns of gold and precious stones. At the back of
the chapel is the following inscription, " Begging is
prohibited in this church under pain of corporal
punishment." I have copied this 'account from a
guide book of Switzerland.
These are my thoughts Charlemagne lived many
years ago. Our minds have evolved since then. It
is impossible for us to understand the value of the
pilgrimage to these poor people, so imposed upon
by those who know better, I doubted that there
66 PAUL OF TAKSUS.
was anything more in the minds of the pilgrims
whom I met on the road, then that they were on a
pleasure trip whicli would give them some advan-
tage over their friends whom they had left in their
native -village. They were in a large company of
men and women all of whom believed that their
journey to worship. a statue was highly pleasing to
God. .When I saw these ignorant people kneeling
before the statue, I prayed that God might forgive
not them, but the Shepherds of that flock, those who
had taught them these abominations, those who
had willfully deceived them, simply to gain the
treasures of this world's wealth. We also thought,
as we watched them, that mankind must have some
tangible object to worship, there is no greater
proof that they have not yet evolved from being
only animals. They are not able to worship God in
spirit as Christ came to tell them they must do if
they wish to be the children of God, for God is a '. 4
Spirit, and they who worship Him must worship
Him in Spirit and truth. This church at Einsiedeln,,
we were told, was the Roman .Catholic Church.
Acts xx. Paul we find 'had his own disciples
' - . ""''".' .-''
Some of their names are given to us. These men
helped to spread the Church of Paul, with Paul, who
PAUL OF TARSUS. 67
preached very long sermons when he was founding
his Church, and he forgot not to boast of all he had
done. He also knew that others would do as he had
done, that is, he would draw 'disciples after him and
found different schools. We have in Acts how
Paul went with four men, who had a vow, into the
temple, and the Jews of Asia seeing Paul with men
in the temple, supposed that the men were Greeks
(race prejudice). They made a tumult and wished
to kill Paul, and Paul then made his well known
address to the people. In it I find that he speaks of
the "laws of the fathers." In the Roman Church
we hear of the laws of the fathers. Paul, then,
brought the "laws of the fathers " into the pure
religion which Christ gave us, and the fathers are
believed first and not the words of Christ. In Acts
xxiii. we find Paul again making a tumult and caus-
ing a dissension "between Pharisee and Sadducee,
4 and dividing the multitude and making a great dis-
^ sension. He is cute and clever enough to do this so
as to use it for himself. And then we are told that
Paul is sent by the Lord to Rome, and there Paul
founded the Roman Catholic Church, so widely dif-
ferent from the religion given unto us by Christ.
Before this we are told of Paul's speaking before
68 . PA.UL OF TARSUS.
Agrippa, and this chapter in Acts, I think, is certainly
written by Paul himself. At Rome he founded the
Church which claims earthly powers, and wealth and
glories of this earth ; all of which Christ refused
when Satan offered them to Him in the temptation.
All through the Old Testament we find that we
are advised to fear. Men judged God to be like
them ; to Him they attributed these characteristics.
He was to be feared. He was revengeful. It was
his right hand which brought mighty things to pass,
anger, scorn, jealousy, all these were possible
things to God. And leading and fighting the wars
of the Jews. Leviticus xxv : 17.
" Thou shalt fear thy God." Psalms cxxxv : 10.
" He smote divers nations and slew mighty kings."
i Kings ix : 9. " Therefore hath the Lord brought
upon them all this evil." Nahum i : 2.
" God is jealous and the Lord revengeth. The
Lord will take vengeance on his adversaries, and
he reserveth wrath for his enemies." Psalm ii : 4.
" He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh, the
Lord shall have them in derision."
There are many more examples in the Old Testa-
ment that show how men judged God to be like
PAUL OF TARSUS. 69
themselves, Christ came to tell them that they did
not know God.
Matthew v : 7 " Blessed are the merciful for they shall
" Blessed are the peacemakers, they are the children of
Luke vii : 43 " I suppose he to whom he forgave most."
Matt, vi : 12 " Forgive us our debts as we forgive."
Matt, xii : 31 " All manner of sin shall be forgiven."
Mark ii : 5. " Son, thy sins are forgiven thee."
Matt, v : 39 " Resist not evil." " God maketh the sun to
rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the just
and on the unjust."
I see nowhere in the life of- Christ where He
laughed any one to scorn and derision. Scorn and
derision belong to man's evil nature ; they have
that feeling when they judge themselves superior
to their fellow beings, and think that they are in-
capable of making a mistake.
In i. Corinthians x : 22, we have Paul in his pride
asking this question, " Do we provoke the Lord to
jealousy, are we stronger than he ?" The word
" Lord " may mean God or Christ. If it means
God, Paul, then, is judging God according to man's
characteristics. "Jealousy," and " stronger than
another," how incapable was Paul or those who
?0 PAUL OF TABStTS.
wrote tinder his name, to understand the God and
Father of Jesus Christ. In asking this question,
Paul shows us that he did not understand Jesus
Christ. How could such a question come into
Paul's mind that such a question could even be
broached in referring" to God ! Again we find in
Acts xx., that the disciples of Paul wished to make
Paul another Christ ; this could only have been by
In Acts we have Paul hastening to be in Jerusa-
lem the day of Pentecost, and saying : " Now
behold I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem,
and know not the things that shall befall me there,
save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city
bonds and afflictions abide with me ; but none of
these things move me," and that they to whom he
spoke these word, would see his face no more, and
he counted not his life dear unto himself. This is
evidence that Paul thought that, like Jesus, he was
going to Jerusalem to die there.
Now in Matthew x. we have what Christ tells us
about fear. " Fear not them which kill the body,
but are not able to kill the soul." " Fear ye not,
therefore, ye are of more value than many spar-
rows." In Luke v : 10, Jesus said unto Simon,
PAUL OF TAK8TJS. 71
" Fear not." Therefore, the only thing to fear is
that our sins may separate our souls from the
kingdom of God. We fear we may go backward to
the animal life, instead of forward in the evolu-
tion of our souls and minds.
In Ecclesiastics iii., we have these words, " I
said in my heart concerning the estate of the sons
of men, that God might manifest them, and that
they might see that they themselves are beasts, for
that which befalleth the sons of men, befalleth
beasts ; even one thing befalleth them, as the one
dieth, so dieth the other. Yea, they all have one
breath, so that a man hath no pre-eminence above
a beast, for all is vanity."
Manifest means make it clear to the minds of
men, to show this thing to be truly so. All go
unto one place, all are of dust, and all turn to dust
again. Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth
upward and the spirit of beast that goeth down-
ward to the earth. Thus the preacher shows us
that he believes in a life which makes the differ-
ence between the sons of men and beasts, and it is
the only difference, but he tells us this, " Who
knoweth ?" I answer, I do ; for Christ has shown
72 PATH, OP TARSUS.
me that the spirits of the sons of men go upward
to eternal life when the body returns to dust.
The disciples of Paul had the great advantage of
hearing direct from disciples of Jesus much about
Christ's teachings, and in the epistles they have
remembered and recorded the spiritual of Christ.
They have written the epistles in the name of Paul,
but Paul was incapable of creating such thoughts.
In studying Paul's character we find it to be cruel,
as the Bible shows, in that he put to death men
and women because they worshiped God accord-
ing to the light in their souls and minds, and Paul
did not wish any to have such independence. We
find this in Acts viii : 1-3 ; Acts ix : 1-2.
Paul was a coward and could not face death.
Acts ix: 25. Paul understood how to hypnotize
another person, and he used the power to do harm
and not good. Acts, xiii : 9-11. Right after this
we read that John separated from Paul and Barna-
bas and returned to Jerusalem. Acts xiii : 13. No
doubt he approved not of Paul's method of making
converts to the Christain religion or belief in
Christ, Christ who never used the power' He pos-
PAUL OF TARSUS. 73
sessed but to bless and restore to health and to
sight, those to whom he wished to show what the
spirit of God could do in the flesh.
Paul was arrogant and proud. He claims in his
sermon at Antioch that he is the man chosen to de-
clare unto the people the work of God through
Christ. Here then we have the foundation of the
Roman Church, and it is Paul who, not tmdestand-
ing Christ at all, founds the Roman Church and
other Churches which have retained so much from
the Roman Church, using any power which they
may possess to harm, to injure, and to put to death
all who dared to think for themselves, and who un-
derstood Christ. History gives us a long, long list
of men who accepted Paul's version of the Chris-
tian religion. Those who believed not in the tra-
dition of men were tortured and put to death. All
over the world 'and in every nation calling itself
Christian we shall find that they have followed
Paul and not Christ.
Envy. That passion which has done so much
harm to the Christian belief. Acts xiii,: 45. We
are here told that the Jews only spake against the
sermons of Paul because he had a large audience
to listen to him. Self and selfish then were the
74 FAUL OF TARSUS.
Jews and also Paul. A violent temper was Paul's.
Here he shows this trait in his character by telling
the Jews who contradicted him, that they were un-
worthy of everlasting life, and that he, Paul, had
been chosen by God as a salvation unto the ends of
the earth. This, to my mind, is blaspheming on
Paul's part. He does not tell us what the blas-
phemy of the Jews was, for contradicting is not
blaspheming. Unless the words are given whereby
we can judge, we have no right to say the Jews
blasphemed. I ask here, How many Church denom-
inations are those who claim that their traditions
are the only salvation unto the ends of the earth ?
They get this from Paul and not from Christ. Paul
tells us in his epistle to the Philippians that we are
to work out our own salvation with fear and trem-
bling, which is true. But how then is Paul the salva-
tion unto the ends of the earth.
Proud. Paul was proud and conceited. He was
not willing that John, whose surname was Mark
(Acts xv.), should go with him in his visitations
to the churches, because he, Paul, had done the
work, and the quarrel between Paul and Barnabas
was so sharp that they departed asunder, one from
the other. Here then is a split in the Church
OP TARSUS. 5
founded by Paul, who wanted all the power himself
and the earthly glory as I read Paul's charac-
ter he became a Christian because he saw what ad-
vantage and power it would give him over his
fellow beings. He did not and could not under-
stand Christ. So he, Paul, founded a Church which
he called the Christian Church, and which at once
was divided by dogmas, and by traditions of men, .
and is still divided by the same, and which has
done many terrible and dreadful things saying that
they acted in the name of Christ. I read not in the
record of the life of Christ that He tortured and put
to death any one, not even his bitterest enemies.
Do I hear you, reader, exclaim at this assertion as
being dreadful even to think that Christ should have
done so. Well, then, why have those calling
themselves Christians tortured and put to death in
the name of Christ hundreds of their brothers and
sisters on this earth ? I only here ask you this
question how can you answer it? .Acts xvi 4 : 37.
Paul's pride would not permit him to leave the
prison until the magistrates came and besought him.
This was not because he was a Christian but be-
cause he was a Roman. He thought more of that
honor, than of being Christ's.
T PAUL OF TARSUS.
Romans vii." That sin, at first dead, continued
without life until it was quickened through the
command." Paul must have meant by this that
sin in all earthly life and before animal evolved
into mankind, sin was dead, because animal knows
not that sin is sin, until evolved into man and able
to understand by knowledge that sin is sin and offen-
sive to God. The commandment against it quick-
ened sin because we then by trying to overcome it,
feel and know its force. I ask what else could
Paul have meant. Romans iii : 20. If the law was
not revealed to make man just, God must have
had another aim in creating it. If this is so, what
other aim could there be but to give men a rule
whereby they could train the animal in which they
dwell to be subservient to the spirit within them
and so evolve more and more into intelligent
It has been said that to Paul we owe the spiritu-
ality of the Christian religion and the giving of the
Christian religion to the Gentiles. This I deny, as
the acts and words of Jesus prove that to Christ
alone we owe spirituality and the universal offer of
the Christian religion to the world at large.
We have the words of Jesus before the words of
PAUL OF TARSUS. 77
Paul, for Christ said, " God is a spirit and they that
worship him must worship him in spirit and truth."
" It is the spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth
nothing. The words that I speak unto you they
are spirit and they are life."
And Paul was not the first missionary, he
simply imitated Jesus who went from country to
country, from city to city, teaching the kingdom of
God. To Samaria, where the Jews had no dealings
with the- Samaritans ; to Galilee, Decapolis, Jeru-
salem, Judea, and beyond the Jordan.
From Paul we have anathemas and curses in the
Church calling itself Christian. From Christ we
have, " Blessed are the poor in spirit." " Blessed
are they that mourn." "Blessed are the meek."
" Blessed are the merciful." " Blessed are the pure
in heart." " Blessed are the peacemakers."
From Paul we have excomunication in the Church
calling itself Christian, with the idea that to destroy
a person bodily would be the only way to save the
soul of the destroyed person. From Christ we
have,'* Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar
and there rememberest that thy brother hath
aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the
altar and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy
78 PAUL OF TARSUS.
brother and then come and offer thy gift." " Love
your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to
them that hate you, and pray for them which
despitefully use you and persecute you."
Paul pronounces his anathema on any one who
should preach another gospel from his, even if he
were an angel from heaven.
From Paul we have that not every one who
sought to proclaim the gospel could be a servant of
Christ. From Jesus we have, when John said,
Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name
and we forbade him because he followed not with
us ; and Jesus said, Hinder him not, for there is no
man which can do a miracle in my name that can
lightly speak evil of me.
From Paul we have the idea that what we give to
the poor or to the Church or to others, we shall
receive what we give again, if not on this earth,
then by spiritual blessings, which is making a busi-
ness bargain with God, and lowering the soul of
mankind. From Christ we have the elevating
thought, "When ye shall have done all these things
which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable
servants ; we have done that which was our duty
PAUL OF TAKSUS. 79
We find that Paul could not bear an insult, and
his fight with the Churches which agreed not with
him, was because the insult had not been retracted.
We turn from this to the insults which Christ bore
and suffered. They went out to take Jesus as
though He was a thief, with swords and staves.
They spite in his face and buffeted Him, and smote
Him with the palms of their hands, they, mocked
Him with the whole band of solidiers, they stripped
Him and put on Him a scarlet robe, also a crown
of thorns, they smote Him on the head and mocked
and crucified Him.
From Paul we have that we should not reap on
another man's field in missionary work. From
Christ we have, " I sent you to reap that whereon
you bestowed no labor, other men labored and ye
are entered into their labors." Let me here say that
if this was not true, we of these days would not be
enjoying many spiritual and many earthly bless-
Paul could indulge in sarcasm. Jesus when He
was reviled, reviled not again.
Paul therefore brought many evils into the Chris-
tian Church, and so brought to the name of Christ
80 PAUL OF TARSUS.
the hatred of the heathen, and of all whom the
Church would bind with the dogmas of Paul. Cruel
in the extreme has been the Roman Church they
have prevented the growth of the Truth in Christ.
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
" The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters."
We have in Genesis the evolution of this earth.
Evolution belongs to God's works alone. Genesis
tells us of the first evolution from " the earth was
without form " unto Adam and Eve. The Spirit of
God does not remain inactive, but continues to send
more light into the minds of men. And since the
Spirit moved upon the face of the waters in the
beginning of this earth, it has continued at differ-
ent times to move upon the face of this earth, and is
what Science of these da)*s has named Evolution.
Evolution is the Spirit of God moving upon the face
of the waters.
Water is one of the elements of this earth, and in
the plural means all the elements, and we should
class electricity among the elements, and the Spirit
of the Lord comes to us hy the element electricity,
and having performed the evolution in the carnal
84 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
life, it now continues to move in the soul and mind
of mankind. It is this that Christ tried to make
his disciples understand. He had the power to see
that the men He chose as his disciples had more
than the carnal element within them, they did not,
however, fully understand Jesus at first ; but after
the death of Jesus the Spirit of God moved upon
them, and they understood better the spiritual life
of Jesus and his teachings, that the spiritual life
must begin on this earth in every soul and continue
to perfection in the spiritual life hereafter.
" But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal
the book ; even to the time of the end ; many shall
run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased."
Certainly in these days many run to and fro, and
by steamers, railroads, telegrams, knowledge is
increased all over the world and the book of this
earth is being opened by science. We live, then,
in the times prophesied by the prophet.
In the New Science Review, October, 1894, I read
these words :
" In most operations mechanical force passes to
DAEWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPKOIES. 85
the heat form without passing through the electric
form ; but whenever magnetism is brought into
play as a resistance that must be overcome, this
resistance always becomes electricity, if only mo-
mentarily, in its passage from the mechanical to
the heat form." In the Bible I read that Jesus told
his disciples that if they had faith even as small as
a mustard seed, they could say to the mountain, Be
thou cast into the sea, and it would be so. I under-
stand this to mean that had we faith to understand
what science can do, we would have the power over
the elements of this earth the same as Christ had,
but mankind using them for evil and not for good,
lost the power after the death of Christ, but will
regain it by patient study in science. Christ per-
formed all the so-called miracles by his power and
comprehension of the elements of this earth, this
gift he had from God, and so became the Son of
God, and He- said that his disciples could do the
same had they the faith to believe that they could
do so. We must not forget that the disciples were
always with Christ and that He taught thefti many
Now Mr. Darwin had faith to. believe that if he
persevered in his study he would find out the great
86 DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OP SPECIES.
truth which he gives us in his books Evolution,
which I call the Spirit of God moving upon the
face of the waters.
St. Matthew xxiii : 34, 37. " Wherefore, behold,
I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and
scribes, and some of them ye shall kill and crucify,
and some of them shall ye scourge in your syna-
gogues, and persecute them from city to city," " O
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the proph-
ets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee,
how often would I have gathered thy children to-
gether, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under
her wings, and ye would not." These words were
spoken by my Lord and Master when He spoke of
the unwillingness of those about him to receive the
new truths which he gave them, the scribes and
Pharisees of those days Christ pronounced to be
hypocrites, and full of iniquity ; and these men
were the teachers of those days, and. they resisted
the teachings of Christ, and were blind guides to
the people, and Christ told them that they shut up
the kingdom of heaven, they neither went in them-
selves nor let others go in. Now to the world
many have been sent with knowledge of truths, but
because these truths show forth the hypocrisy and
DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 87
the mistakes which the old teachers have made in
their ignorance of a subject, they resist and perse-
cute the new teachers. Certainly Mr. Darwin was
a wise man, a scribe, and a prophet. With many
years of honest labor to seek the truth, he gives to
the world the knowledge he has gained, he finished
the work he was sent to do, and accomplished an
onward step in the evolution of the minds and souls
of those who here dwell in the animal nature in-
herited of Satan. But Satan will always resist ev-
olution in knowledge of the truth ; for Satan, which
is flesh and blood nature, cannot enter the kingdom
of heaven and will prevent the soul from doing so,
by resisting knowledge. I have just carefully read
Mr. Darwin's book, " The Origin of Species." I
have done so to see what I could find to suppojt
my theory that in our human bodies and the nature
belonging to the body of flesh and blood we were
created or descended from Evil, be it called Satan,
the Devil, the old Serpent, or the old Adam. That
our souls alone are from God, in them exists all
the good that is in us, there is a constant fight go-
ing on as Mr. Darwin shows by his work, in the
world at all times, from the smallest insect up to
mankind, including mankind, and Christ has told
88 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
us including good and evil, and between our souls
and bodies there is a constant struggle and cease-
less fighting. I read in Mr. Darwin's book that
" The laws governing inheritance are for the most
part unknown, no one can say why the child often
reverts in certain characteristics to its grandfather
or grandmother or more remote ancestors. It is a
fact of some importance to us, that peculiarities ap-
pearing in the males of our domestic breeds are
often transmitted either exclusively or in a much
greater degree, to the males alone." I here ask the
reader to remember that I have said that I am giv-
ing from Mr. Darwin's book portions which to my
mind (not his) seem to strengthen my theory of
our descent. To the males then is transmitted in
greater degree the characteristics of Satan, than to
Darwin. " The earliest known record of pigeons
is in the fifth Egyptian dynasty about 3000 B/C."
I suggest that the quail in the desert sent to Moses
for the people to eat, may have been pigeons.
Darwin. " Breeders habitually speak of an an-
imal's .organization as something plastic." I ask,
Can you not so mould yourself and character and
your offsprmg as they do ?
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 89
"That which enables the agriculturist, not only
to modify the character of his flock, but to change
it altogether." I say, So should we stop the breed-
ing of evil and criminal children of criminal
" Not one man in a thousand has accuracy of eye
and judgment sufficient to become an eminent
breeder of animals; if gifted with these qualities,
and he studies his subject for years and devotes his
life-time to it with indomitable perseverance, he
will succeed." I say that the same may be said of
those who would elevate the mind and soul of man-
kind ; we must be trained by practise.
" The seed raisers do not pick out the best plants,
but merely go over their seed beds and pull up the
' Rogues.'" So should we do in forming our char-
" It would indeed have been a strange fact, had
attention not been paid to breeding, for the inherit-
ance of good and bad qualities is so obvious." This
is easy to apply to our minds and souls.
"We see the value set on animals even by the
barbarians of Tierra del Fuego, by their killing
and devouring their old women, in times of dearth,
as- of less value than their dogs." Page 29. I say,
90 DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
here is the proof of what men think of women, even
the women to whom they owe their life, when they
are in their natural body descended from Satan,
arid their souls are hardly alive. Mr. Darwin also
here shows us that without the soul we are only
animal ; an old woman can breed no more children
to Satan ; and this world's children are Satan's.
Tierra del Fuego is well named as a residence of
Satan's children, and what difference is there
between these men and wild beasts ? both eat their
own kind of flesh.
Page 57. " Although some species may be now
increasing more or less rapidly in numbers, all can-
not do so, for the world would not hold them.
Even slow-breeding man has doubled in twenty-five
years, and at this rate, in less than a thousand
years there would literally not be standing room
for his progeny." Here is an answer which cannot
be disputed to what the critic says of my idea that
the single pure woman is exempt from the sin of
increasing sin on this earth, by not bringing into it
children of evil men the critic says that the world
would soon have no one in it if my idea was fol-
lowed, the critic not being able to understand that
few healthy, pure children are worth more to the
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 91
world than a thousand vile men and women ; there-
fore there should be prudent restraint from evil
marriage. We are animal from animal descent,
and animal from Satan, this may be a reason that
in days gone by those who wished to represent
Satan, in paintings, made, him with horns, a tail,
and cloven feet, or claws, simply the man animal
without the soul : that is the descendant of an
animal, half animal, half man, and from being the
man animal for that reason, much more cruel and
more wicked than any animal. Here I would ask
why is the dog man's friend, much more so than any
other animal, simply because before both are
born, they are so alike that you cannot tell one
from the other ; they are akin, and in the Eastern
countries their idea is that the soul of the wicked
is sent back to this world to live out its wickedness
in the body of a dog this idea is not without some
reason in it.
Page 58. " Hence we may confidently assert that
all plants and animals are tending to increase at a
geometrical ratio that all would rapidly stock
every station in which they could anyhow exist ; and
that this geometrical tendency to increase must be
checked by destruction at some period of life, the
92 .DAKWIN'S ORIGIN or SPECIES.
larger domestic animals are annually slaughtered
by thousands for food, and that in a state of nature
an equal number would have somehow to be dis-
posed of." Turning to the Bible I read of the
slaughters recorded there in the wars of the Jews,
and others, and the slaughters ordered by King-
David. Christ has told us that there would be wars
and rumors of wars ; and I say that this fighting
and killing among all living things on this earth
comes from the increasing of all living things on this
earth, which increasing I have tried to show is the
sin of Satan shown forth in the story of Adam and
Eve, whom Satan created in the flesh and whose first
born son was Cain, a murderer of Satan's own
creation, that is, a man of flesh and blood, for Cain
shed the blood of Abel, and the blood is the life of
this earth created by evil, for in it is all evil. Mr.
Darwin here shows us by Science how all things in
which there is life are forced by human nature to
increase and multiply, and how all things in which
there is life would be completely destroyed by one
species, if it was not that all destroy each other in
their struggle for existence ; and many tell us that
this is God's law, as He created all living things in
flesh and blood ; and I say that this is not God's law,
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 93
for God is the creator of eternal life and not the
God of death. .Death is the necessity of the crea-
tion of Satan, for in mankind, in wild beasts, in
snakes, in scorpions, in all poisonous insects, there
is life, and in all most all of them there is blood,
and the blood is life. " Without the shedding of
blood," says the old Prophet, " there is no remission
of sin." They understood that the blood gave sin-
ful life, and the shedding of the blood gave death
to whatever living thing contained that blood.
Now many say that God created all living things on
this earth ; if this is so by what right have they to
take the life of anything in which there is blood,
for blood is the life of animal nature. And accord-
ing to their teachings they should not take the life of
any animal for food or for self protection, since they
teach that God made them, and commanded them
to increase and multiply and fill the earth. I say
that your soul alone is created by God, for God is
spirit and not carnal. " Thou shall do no murder,"
is between man and man, and is God's command.
" Thou shall not kill," would cover all in which is
the blood of life. Some say God created that life,
and I say Satan created it.
Page 64. " Battle within battle must be continu-
94: DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
ally recurring with varying success ; and yet in the
long run the forces are so nicely balanced that the
face of nature' remains for long periods of time
uniform, though assuredly the merest trifle would
give the victory to one organic being over another.
Nevertheless, so profound is our ignorance and so
high our presumption, that we marvel when we
hear of the extinction of an organic being, and as
we do not know the cause, we invoke cataclysms to
desolate the world, or invent laws on the duration
of the forms of life. What a struggle must have
gone on during long centuries between the several
kinds of trees, what war between insect and insect,
between insects, snails and other animals, with
birds and beasts of prey, all striving to increase, all
feeding on each other." I thank Mr. Darwin for
this passage, and for these thoughts of Science, for
they prove how terrible is the idea of some, as to
the attributes of the God they worship.
D. Page 117. "The affinities of all : the beings
of the same class have sometimes been represented
by a great tree. I believe the simile largely speaks
the truth." This can be said of our souls, our
'spiritual life. It was Jesus who said of himself, " I
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES; 95
am the vine, ye are the branches." " There are many
branches, but the root of the vine is the same.
Page 146. Mr. Darwin here tells us that " there
is a tendency in the young of each successive gener-
ation to produce the long lost character." He is
speaking of animals, but I say that the ancient
character reappears in children, the descendants of
Satan, hence murders, thefts, cruelties of all sorts,
untruth, wickedness, and it prevails. The flesh
prevails over the spirit. Mr. Darwin also says,
" For myself, I venture confidently to look back
thousands on thousands of generations, and I see an
animal striped like a zebra, but perhaps otherwise
very differently constructed, the common parent of
our domestic horse." And I look back and see
thousands on thousands of generations, and I see an
animal, created by Satan, differently constructed,
who was the forefather of animal-kind and man-
Page 160. Mr. Darwin here refers to when it
was first said that the sun stood still, and the world
turned round, the common sense of mankind
declared the doctrine false, but the old saying pf
yoxpopuli, vox >ei, as every philosopher knows, can-
not be trusted in Science. Bnt I say that Science
96 DAK-WIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
is of God ; and turning to ray Bible I see that
Joshua declared that the sun stood still. The
record says that the sun stood still about a whole
day. Let me ask, Does any one know how many of
our hours then made a day ? The record says that
there was no day like that day, but this may mean
no victory over the enemies of Israel like that
victory, and Joshua and those of his days judged
God to be like man. Read the account of the battle,
and ask yourself, Was Joshua right to say that all
those horrors were committed by the true God ?
Joshua, if he did not know by observation that the
sun stood still and the earth went round, spoke a
truth which Science declares to be true.
Page 166. Mr. Darwin here speaks of the organs
which once served for respiration and which have
been actually converted into organs for flight." Res-
piration is breath ; when we die the breath leaves the
body and takes flight, and is the soul.
Page 168. " The electric organs of fishes offer
another case of special difficulty, for it is impossible
to conceive by what steps these wondrous organs
have been produced. But this is' not surprising, for
we do not even know of what use they are." I
thank Mr. Darwin for this, for I have said in one of
DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. . 97
my books that Christ "cured the sick, lame, blind,
deaf, by electricity. Christ so differed from others
in", the powers which He possessed in his. human
body; may have had these organs of electricity,-
w.hich are still unknown to Science as to what they
are. Mr. Darwin goes on to say that " These electric
organs. in fishes have, hot been inherited from a
common" progenitor, that there is no reason to sup-
pose that : it is the case." Therefore, I say that
Christ^ being born of a woman alone, did not get
these great gifts in his nature from our common
progenitor. Our common progenitor in the flesh is
Satan ; Christ in his human body inherited not the
nature of sin from man, though in the flesh He over-
came the sin of the flesh, for in all flesh is sin. He
knew, therefore, when He told us to overcome sin,
\9hat the sin in the flesh is, and what the tempta-
tion of Satan is, and that it can be overcome by the
Page 181. Mr. Darwin here says, "That natural
selection can and does often produce structures for
the direct injury of other animals, as wesee in the
fang of the adder. If it could be proved that any
part of the structure of any one species had been
formed for the exclusive good of another species, it
98 DARWIN :< S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
would annihilate my theory, for such could not have
been produced through natural selection." I say
that this proves that life on this earth was not made
or created by God, for God did not create some
species capable of suffering through nerves, or
through anything else for the express purpose of
making them so suffer pain and torture for the
benefit of another species also endowed with nerves
capable of suffering, when torn to pieces to be eaten
by others. Such a creation is of Satin or Evil alone.
Certainly Mr. Darwin cannot deny that certain
species seem to be born only for the good of others ;
such as for their food or support in one way or
another in the way that cows are for our use, and
all the animals which we use. Also, I here see this,
that Christ was born on this earth for the good of
another species, that species being mankind, who
descended thousands of years ago from the unknown
animal created by Satan. Christ was created by
the Spirit of God and became man for the exclu-
sive good of mankind, therefore, Mr. Darwin says
true in his theory which I apply to Christ, such
being the case, He, Christ, could not have been
produced through natural selection.
On page 183, Mr. Darwin says, " Can we admire
DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 99
the single purpose for which the drones of the
insects are produced, which are utterly useless to
the community for any other purpose, and which
are ultimately slaughtered by their industrious and
sterile sisters ?" And here I would read a lesson to
those who say that women must be kept out of
their rights, because some are to become mothers of
families. Those who are mothers, of course, should
not be in public office, but the insects teach us a les-
son, which is, that the single women are, or could be,
of more use to the community than the mothers ; the
mothers should bring up the children, but the single
women should hold public office. As for the drones,
the male bees, if they will not work in any way, the
workers in the hive do not feed them.
Page 237, The instinct of the cuckoo when in
the nest of another bird, out of which it ejects the
lawful offspring of the parent bird, is an instinct
which certainly exists among mankind. Mr. Darwin
has given us one example in the account of the
inhabitants of Terra del Fuego. I do not agree
with Mr. Darwin that there are slaves among the
ants (page 239), for if one kind of ants are not made
in a way that makes them capable of making their
own nests, and another kind determine the migra-
100 DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES.
tion and carry the others in their jaws: make the
nests and feed the young and so make the world
they live in, .they cannot be called slaves.: The ants
which they carry to the new nest are of great use
to them, or they would not do so. " These active
ants, Science says, are females can iU be .that
reason, that Science has decided to call' them 'staves,
judging them by mankind, men and woman. How
many a woman has set to work, fed and saved the
survivors, made some beds and homes, and tended
the young, and put all to rights ; for 'that-charitable
work do we call her a slave. She works like one,
it is true, but I think that in the ant as well as in
the woman it is caused by a higher nature. than:the
rest of ant or man nature. On page 253, Mr. Dar-
wins says, " I allude to the neuters or sterile females
in insect communities ; for these neuters often dif-
fer widely in instinct and in structure from both
the males and fertile females, and yet from being
sterile, they cannot propagate their kind.'.'. I say,
yet they are born of the same parents" as = the males
and fertile females, and they show; greater .instinct
and knowledge in their community' than the males
and fertile females so it is often" found in the com-',
munity of mankind, and so far, "society. .'has: re-
DARWIN'S ^ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 101
pressed and lost; the good, which in the ant com-
munity is enjoyed. " Go to the ant and consider her
ways," and let your single and childless women
exercise their wisdom and talents to the good of
Page 259. Mr. Darwin says in summing up these
things that, " They are small consequences of one
general law leading to the advancement of all
organic beings, let the strongest live and the weak-
est die." And I say that it is Satan's law of his
creation and his command.
Page 263. Mr. Darwin says that, " Two most ex-
perienced observers who ever lived arrived at dia-
metrically opposite conclusions." And this is a
thing I say that can happen in opinions on the
Page 315. Mr. Darwin speaks of the strange bird
which Professor Owen says lived during the de-
position of the upper green sand, and still more
recently that strange bird, the Arch eopteryx, with
a long, lizard-like tail, bearing a pair of feathers on
each joint, and with its wings furnished with two free
claws, which has been discovered in the oolitic slates
of Solenhofen. I ask who created this bird ?
Page 317. Mr. Darwin, " Most of; the arguments
102 DAKWIN'S OKIGIN OF SPECIES.
which have convinced me that all the existing
species of the same group are descended from a
single progenitor, apply with equal force to the
earliest known species." And I say the single
progenitor of all species is Satan.
Page 321. " I look at the geological record as a
history of the world ; imperfectly kept and written
in a changing dialect. Of this history we possess
the last volume alone, relating only to two or three
countries. Of this volume, only here and there a
short chapter has been preserved, and of each
page only here and there a few lines. Each word
of the slowly-changing language, more or less
different in the successive chapters, may represent
the forms of life, which are entombed in our con-
secutive formations, and which falsely appear to
have been abruptly introduced." I apply this, as it
well can be done, to our slowly-changing beliefs o
God, of whom we know nothing, with the exception
of what Jesus has told us ; and we have taken the
beliefs of those who thought that they understood
Jesus ; we still have the words of Jesus, mixed of
course with the words of those who recorded them,
but why should we bind ourselves to believe what
those who lived so long ago believed of God. What
DAKWIN'S OKIGIN OF SPECIES. 103
they wjrote was written in a changing dialect ;
they had not the light of science then, they imper-
fectly understood even what they wrote, for most
of what they wrote, they copied from the writings
of others ; we have but few short chapters of the
teachings of Jesus, and only here and there a few
lines of the truth. Let us, therefore, with the light of
Science and the recorded words of Jesus, find out
more about ourselves and our God.
Page 416 speaks of the mockers and the mocked
among butterflies and Insects. Certainly among
mankind there are mockers and the mocked, so that
if the mocked were careful to keep themselves on
the heights, in appearance, in morals, in honesty, in
habits, in their lives throughout how much they
would unconsciously elevate the whole world. Mr.
Darwin gives the reason why some kind of butter-
flies so often assume the dress of another ; it is
because the one they imitate is protected by being-
distasteful to birds. They, the mockers, are
destroyed by birds, and, he says, therefore, speaking
metaphorically, " They are reduced, like most weak
'creatures, to trickery and dissimulation." These
two last traits of character we know are given by
men to women if the woman's dress was similar
104: DAEWIN'S ORIGIN OF
to the man's, she could go through the world in
safety. Man has made her by his laws and habits
a weak creature, she is not by nature so, but by the
way and customs of society, she can be nothing else
but a weak creature, and to save her life, her honor,
her little earthly possessions, if she is connected in
any way with a man, she becomes tricky and dis-
simulates man makes her so, and then accuses her
of being so. 1 ;
Mr. Darwin says, " What can be more curious
than that the hand of a man formed for grasping,
that of a mole for digging, the leg of a horse, the.
paddle of the porpoise, and the wing of the bat,
should all be constructed on the same pattern, and
should include similar bones, in the same' relative
positions." . And. I say, How can man in his pride
say that in his human body he is made in the image
of God ? ... : , ' :
Page 428 speaks of flies which have the power
of producing fertile eggs without the concourse
of the male. I again say that such being the case,
no one has the knowledge to deny the birth of
Christ as given in the New Testament.
Page 429. " The feet of lizards and mammals,
the wings and feet of birds, and the hands and feet
;I>ARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 105
of .man, all arise from the same fundamental form."
And man says that in his body he is made in the
image of God.
Page 442. "The boa-constrictor has rudiments
of hind limbs and of a pelvis, and if it be said that
these bones have been retained ' to complete the
scheme of nature," why, as Professor Weismann
asks, have they not been retained by other snakes,
which do not possess a vestige of these same bones!"
This large snake, then, according to Science, comes
that near to mankind in the shape of the bones. I
ask, What was the progenitor of this snake, millions
and millions of years ago, if not Satan.
Page 443. " We learn from, the study of our
domestic productions that the disuse of parts leads
to their reduced size ; and that the result is
inherited." So it is with our minds and souls.
Page 446. " Finally, the several classes of facts
which have been considered in this chapter, seem to
me to proclaim so plainly, that the innumerable
species, genera, and families, with which this world
is peopled, are all descended, each within its own
class or group, from common parents,. and have all
been modified in the course of descent, that I should
without hesitation adopt this view, even were it
106 DABWIN'S OBIGIN OF SPECIES.
unsupported by other facts or arguments." There-
fore, I think the common parents were creations of
Evil or Satan, and I also see in Mr. Darwin's book
that more individuals are born than can possibly
Page 458. " Beauty according to our sense of it
is not universal, must be admitted by every one
who will look at some venomous snakes ; at some
fishes, and at certain hideous bats with a distorted
resemblance to the human face," and man says that
he is created in the image of God. And in speak-
ing of how odors and flavors were first rendered
agreeable, I would here remark, that what is agree-
able to one is just the reverse to another to me
some odors are like the wild beast odors, such as a
cigar or pipe, yet these are agreeable to others.
Page 458 speaks of the contrivances in human
nature as not being, so far as we can judge, abso-
lutely perfect, and I say that if we see the imper-
fection it is because it is Satan's creation, and God
did not pronounce it good, as the story of the crea-
tion in the Bible tells us that He did. As Mr.
Darwin says, " Great is the power of steady misrep-
resentation ; but the history of Science shows that
fortunately this power does not long endure." Can
DAKWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 107
we not say the same o the dogmas of all the
Churches, great is their steady power 'of misrepre-
senting the God we worship.
Page 466. " It is no valid objection that Science
as yet throws no light on the far higher problem of
the essence or origin of life. Who can explain what
is the essence of the attraction of gravity ?" Now
I am only a woman, yet in reading a book on elec-
tricity, it seemed to me that the author of the book
explains what gravity is without knowing that he
does so gravity is electricty in the loadstones of
the earth and in us, and in everything connected
in any way with the earth. All things that grow-,
or live by eating what grows on this earth, are full
of electricity or of substances controlled by elec-
tricity which acts as loadstones and draws all things
to this earth.
Page 466. " I see no good reasons why the views
given in this volume should shock the religious feel-
ings of any one." Nor do I ; religion owes Mr.
Darwin great and lasting thanks, for the truths he
has given to the world by Science, that great gift of
God to mankind, and for having the courage to give
the truths to a prejudiced world. All honor to Mr.
DARWIN'S ORIGIN off SPECIES.
Job xii; " But ask now the beasts and they shall
teach thee, and the fowls of the air, and they shall
tell thee : or speak to the earth and it shall teach
thee, and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto
thee. Who knoweth not in all these that the hand
of the Lord hath wrought this ?"
Ecclesiastes iii : 19. " For that which befalleth the
sons of men befalleth beasts. Even one thing
befalleth them, as one dieth so dieth the other, yea,
they have all one breath, so that a man has no pre-
eminence-above a beast."
It is Jesus who tells us that God is a Spirit and
those who worship him must worship him in Spirit
and in Truth,
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN,
REFLECTIONS ON "THE DESCENT OF
I read in St. Matthew xxiii : 34, 37, " Behold I
send unto you prophets and wise men and scribes,
and some of them ye shall kill and crucify ; and
some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues,
and persecute them from city to city."
" O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the
prophets and stonest them that are sent unto thee,
how often would I have gathered thy children
together and ye would not."
Having studied Mr. Darwin's books without pre-
judice, and having freed my mind of all old-time
given bias, before I began the study, I now class
him among the prophets and scribes sent by God to
enlighten mankind. The evolution of the body fin-
ished long before prophets and scribes were sent to
112 DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN.
this earth, the evolution now goes on in the mind
and souls of mankind. The world is as Jerusalem,
for if one with new thoughts has the courage to
give those thoughts to the world, as a prophet or a
scribe, the world will not listen to him ; but in one
way or another the world persecutes the new scribe
or prophet, and so retards the kingdom of God from
coming to this'earth, that is, from coming into, the
minds and hearts of mankind. It is utterly impos-
sible for the will of God to be done on this earth as
it is done in heaven, until we know how it is done
in heaven. : Christ came to tell us what . the : will 'of
God is. There can be no stronger evidence' that
mankind in the body is the creation of Evil than
the fact that they- are not willing to receive 'new
thoughts about themselves, their .origin, their minds
and souls, as these words of Jesus prove. He wished
to gather the children of the world together and
teach them new truths, and they would not. And
history tells us the fate of all who since the days of
Christ have by knowledge found new truths, and
made the attempt to obey the Spirit who. gave'them
the new thoughts, by giving their new knowledge
to the children of this earth, that is, to mankind,
and these ignorant children stoned and persecuted
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 11
these scribes, and scourged them with their words
in the Churches, retarding and almost crushing the
kingdom of God, which kingdom can only live in
our minds, thoughts and hearts. In resisting the
new knowledge and thoughts coming to mankind,
one may be fighting against God. Evil does not
stand still, it advances with great steps ; and any
denomination is more than foolish and is decidedly
on the side of Evil and Sin, when it resists the new
thoughts evolved in the minds of mankind, for the
sake of preserving the old, worn-out notions and
thoughts of our great great grandfathers which
served their day, but which do not serve our day.
Everything has evolved except the dogmas made
by the grandfathers in Church beliefs, and it is a
shame on Christians to pay so little heed to the
teachings of Christ, and to continue stoning and
persecuting the prophets and scribes sent unto
them by God.
No scribe had a more gentle spirit toward re-
sisting Church dogmas than Mr. Darwin, as his
writings so clearly show. In the preface to the
second edition of his book on the " Descent of Man "
he says, " During the successive reprints of .the
first edition of this work published in 1871, I was
J 14: DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
able to introduce several important corrections, and
now that more time has elapsed, I have endeavored
to profit by the fiery ordeal through which the book
has passed, arid have taken advantage of all criti-
cisms which seem to me sound." Also, " In the first
edition of the ' Origin of Species ' I distinctly
stated that great weight must be attributed to the
inherited effects of use and disuse, with respect
both to the body and mind." What a difference
between these and those who teach the Chris-
tian religion. Are they strong enough to
study the Bible with their minds freed from what
their grandfathers thought ; are they willing to cor-
rect ? And as time passes do they profit by any
fiery ordeal raging against their free thoughts, for
God has given to each man and woman an inde-
pendent soul. They are freed by Christ. They
should think out these spiritual things themselves,
for the soul shall and does stand before God alone.
And do these teachers take advantage of all criti-
cisms which seem to them sound ? And do these
teachers of spiritual things mark what Mr. Darwin
has said of the use and disuse of the mind as well
as of the body ?
In his introduction Mr. Darwin says that during
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 115
many years he collected notes on the orgin or de-
scent of man with the determination not to publish
on the subject, as he thought that he should thus
only add to the prejudices against his views. Here
is a statement greatly against those calling them-
selves Christians. To Mr. Darwin's mind had been
sent a great light on the side of truth, and we came
near losing it, and certainly retarded it, and per-
haps, cramped it by prejudices. Prejudices put to
death Him whom we call Christ, for Jesus taught
new truths of God ; and dogmas, in other words
traditions of men, resisted Him and put Him to
death. Can we not learn the teachings of Christ
even yet ?
Mr. Darwin goes on to say, " That ignorance more
frequently begets confidence than does knowledge ;
it is those who know little and not those who know
much, who so positively assert that .this or that
problem will never be solved by Science. The con-
clusion that man is the co-descendant with other
species of some ancient, lower, and extinct form, is
not in any degree new." And, let me add, that the
fact that man is the last named in the book of
Genesis, as appearing on earth, may be taken by a
mind not tied by dogmas, as a Bible proof of the
116 DAEWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN,
truth of man's descent which came to Mr. Darwin's
mind in his honest and searching studies on the
subject, which I undoubtingly believe were sent to
him by .the spirit of God as a step in evolution in
the mind and soul of man, so that all now living in
the animal body may so conquer that body that it
will become the servant of the indwelling soul, and
the soul no longer be the slave, but the master of
I now go on to the chapters in this book, and this
statement of Mr. Darwin's should truly make man
ashamed. " An American monkey after getting
drunk on brandy would never touch it again." The
same tastes are in animals, much lower in the scale,
that are in man ; they, the animals, acquire a strong
taste for rum and for smoking tobacco.
After reading the first chapter in Mr. Darwin's
book, it can not be denied that if man wished he
could elevate himself and children to a higher
moral nature. And now that we know the truth of
this, in it lies the sin of mankind still breeding
children of sin, vice, bad morals and crime. Man-
kind has always retarded knowledge, their motive
being envy and malice ; and also their nature, which
they inherit from Evil, makes them fight every-
DARWIN'S DFSOKNT or MAH. 117
thing, even all advancements materially, or in
thought. By thought mankind advances toward
the kingdom of heaven, and yet when to one
strong mind there comes a new and advanced
thought, they throw chains of all sorts around that
mind and hamper it, and confuse it. Yet they read
in Acts v. (Bible) Gamaliel's advice, and he was a
doctor of the law of great reputation. His advice
was to take heed to themselves what they intended
doing to the apostles of Jesus, and he told them if
the work and counsel be of men it will come to
naught, but if it is of God they could not overthrow
it, and they might find they were fighting against
God. Those therefore who would fight the new
light coming to advanced minds by the truth in
science, may be fighting againt God.
Man's descent from the extinct form created by
Evil called Satan, changed to a higher form when
his mind began to be used by him, which was at
the time that he received the breath of God, in
other words, the life of his soul. In fact, the animal
or object which man's mind has pictured as a like-
ness of the devil, has always been drawn as having
horns, a tail, cloven hoofs for feet, is covered with
hair, a large mouth with teeth like an ape's, short
118 CAUWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
legs and long arms. And Science proves this to be
a monkey, and from a monkey man has descended.
Therefore, my theory must be true mankind in
the body is the descendant of Satan or Sin, or
Evil, which all mean the same thing, and by or
through an animal. And as Mr. Darwin says on
Page 41, " It is only our natural prejudice, and that
arrogance which made our forefathers declare that
they were descended from demi-gods, which leads
us to demur to this conclusion. But the time will
before long come when it will be thought wonder-
ful that naturalists, who were well acquainted with
the comparative structure and development of man
and other mammals, should have believed that each
was the work of a separate act of creation." And,
I add, the time will come when the teachers of
religion, one and all, will think it wonderful that
the men of religions thought, who were acquainted
with, their own animal bodies and nature, and the
comparative nature and characters of man and
other animals, should have believed that they, man-
kind, were in the body made in the likeness of God,
separated from other animals, and not realize that
the likeness is only in the soul.
Let me here call attention to the gentle way in
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 119
which Mr. Darwin states his facts. He does not
rail at religion or dogmas. He simply gives us his
knowledge in science and now and then his indi-
On page 51 he speaks of the remote epoch when
the progenitors of man were changing from quad-
rupeds into bipeds, and, I add here, that when in
Athens I saw the sculptures of the Greeks on the
old ruins there, I thought that to their mind had
come some such thought or tradition, which they
represented as a battle between the Amazons and
the Centaurs. The Amazons by gaining the
victory would cause an evolution in the shape of
I will here give an answer to the critic who after
reading my " Origin of Sin," said that if my idea
was followed, the earth would be depopulated in a
few years. These are Mr. Darwin's words : "Civil-
ized populations have been known, under favorable
conditions, to double their numbers in twenty-five
years. At the former rate the present population
of the United States (thirty millions) would in 657
years cover the whole terraqueous globe so thickly
that four men would have to stand on each square
yard of surface ; with civilized nations this primary
120 DARWIN'S DESCENT off MAN.
check acts chiefly by restraining- marriages." And
this is my answer to the critic j if he looks into the
details he may perhaps find what I expressed in
" Origin of Sin."
Mr. Darwin, page 62, speaking of infanticide,
says : " It has kept down over population. The prac-
tise now prevails in many quarters of the world. If
we look back to an extremely remote epoch, before
men had arrived at the dignity of manhood, he
would have been guided more by instinct and less
by reason than are the lowest savages at the pres-
ent time. Our early semi-human progenitors would
not have practised infanticide or polyandry, for the
instincts of the lower animals were never so per-
verted as to lead them regularly to destroy their
own offspring, or to be quite devoid of jealousy/'
These words of Mr. Darwin's should sink into the
hearing and mind of this generation, and of those
who say that man was made in the image of God.
Mr. Darwin says : " In what manner the mental
powers were first developed in the lowest organisms
is as hopeless an inquiry as how life, itself, first
originated. These are problems for the distant
future, if they are ever to be solved by man."
In my " Origin of Sin," I try to show that life
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 121
came to this earth by Satan's fall from heaven, and
that being created by Sin, and blood being one
essential to it, breeding is another. Now in the
book of Genesis, 9:4,! read : " But flesh with the
life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not
eat." Blood, therefore, is the life which lives on
this earth and in our animal bodies. The command
to increase and multiply this sinful life, cannot be
from God. Those who wrote the book of Genesis
saw by observation that all animal life and vegetable
life increased and multiplied. They could not
understand it, and so like many in these days, they
thought it from God, as it was beyond their minds
to understand it. But I would ask those who say
that sinful man is evil, why they think that God,
whom Jesus has told us is the only one who is good,
should command evil to increase and multiply.
Let them read, in the Bible, from the verse in
Genesis which says increase and multiply, to the
death of Jesus, and then ask themselves, Was this
increase of evil God's command ?
If without the shedding of blood there could be
no remission of sins, why do they think that God
created mankind. in the body, and that the body is
the image of God ? Why, then,' must the blood,
122 DAE WIN'S DKSCENT OF MAN.
which is the life of the body, be shed for remission
of sins, if that blood, or the life on this earth, is
not the creation of Evil, or Sin, or Satan, all these
names meaning the same thing ?
I have tried to show in my "Origin of Sin " that
in Jesus dwelt the pure and strong spirit of God.
His body was like unto our bodies, and in it was
the blood of this life. We all know that the blood
of Jesus was shed, and we all know that we must
die, and that the blood has much to do with our
living or dying without our dying there is no
remission of the sins in the body. It was only when
man became a living soul, which means that man's
mind evolved into being able to think, that he
realized that there was a power above him, which
power he called God. We have in Genesis this
verse, " I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was
afraid because I was naked, and I hid myself."
Thus, by thinking, the first evolution in mind took
place ; he knew he was naked. His mind was
capable of thinking why it was wrong to be naked ;
his mind, or the thought, made him feel fear and
gave him the thought to hide himself, and by think-
ing they learned how ,to sew fig leaves together so
as to clothe themselves. Also in the verse which
DARWIN'S DESCENT or* MAN. 123
reads, " Unto Adam also and unto his wife did the
Lord God make coats of skins and clothed them."
This can only mean that the idea came to their
minds to make coats of the skins of the animals
which they killed. They saw the advantage the
hairy skin was to the animal, so they made coats of
the hairy skin for themselves. This necessitated a
death, a shedding of blood. There could not have
been a death or shedding of blood in the garden of
Eden, whatever Eden may mean, so it was after
being driven from the garden that they made their
coats of skins. But this can only mean that in the
evolution of man in the body, they came to the
period in time when they clothed themselves. That
God made the coat, can only mean that man realized
that the thought was something separate from the
body, and if thought is soul, soul is from God, and
in this way it can be said that God made the coat "of
skin. As any new, good thought, useful to mankind,
is sent by God to the mind of man, and is of God,
we should be careful then not to fight against God.
Now in Genesis when I read that God created
man in his image, I understand this to mean man's
image ; in the image of God created He him,
undoubtingly means man's soul. Male and female,
124: DAKWIN'S DESCENT otf MAN.
created He them. Mr. Darwin shows in his work,
page 633, that in the evolution of life on this earth,
there was a time when the sexes were one ; that is,
male and female were in one plant or one insect,
and evolved into two bodies. I now turn to my
Bible and read, " Created He him," one " male
and female created He them," two in one ; and
then I read the evolution when male and female
evolved from being both sexes in one, into two
separate bodies : " And he took one of the ribs and
closed up the flesh instead thereof, and the rib which
the Lord God had taken from man made he a
woman." We can not expect whoever wrote
Genesis to use the scientific words of these days.
The fact is there, and as I have said before, the
knowledge or thought coming to the mind of man
in those days, he was honest enough to give the
praise thereof to God. We should read Genesis
allowing thousands of years to pass between the
The chapter in Mr. Darwin's book on Mental
Powers in animals is very convincing. We have
ceen these things in animals without pondering
what they mean. This Mr. Darwin has- done for us
in his great and good work. And how true it is
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN 125
that how little can the hard-worked wife of a de-
graded Australian savage, who uses very few
abstract words and cannot count above four, exert
her self -consciousness, or reflect on the nature
of her own existence. An animal, indeed, she is.
Self-consciousness evolved in man when Adam and
Eve knew that they were naked and .made coats of
leaves. As animals have voices, they are undoubt-
edly understood among themselves ; because we
cannot understand them is no reason that these
sounds are not plain speech to them, as Mr. Darwin
so plainly shows.
Mr. Darwin also shows that habit has much to do
with making an unpleasant thing become pleasant
to us. How responsible we are then for liking what
is evil and sin, or disliking the same.
Now I would here say a few words to those who
think that God sends evil to mankind the death of
a loved one, the loss of a fortune, ill-luck, as it is
called, that if we do not obey and believe in the
dogmas of Churches, God will punish us. Let us
evolve from this terrible idea of our God ; for
savages attribute to spirits the same passions, the
same love of vengeance or simplest form of justice,
and the same afflictions which they themselves feel,
126 DAKWIN'S DKSOEKT OF MAN.
as Mr. Darwin tells us they do. And he tells us
that Prof. Branbach goes so far as to. maintain that
a dog looks on his master as a god. This might
be true, and Mr. Darwin adds, " that so long as man's
reasoning powers remain poorly developed, he will
believe strange superstitions and customs. Many
of these are terrible to think of, such as the sacri-
fice of human beings to a blood-loving God, the
trial of innocent persons by the ordeal of poison or
fire and other things. These miserable and indirect
consequences of our highest faculties may be com-
pared with the incidental and occasional mistakes
of the instincts of the lower animals." Let me here
add, Does this not shame us into evolving the dog-
mas of our religious beliefs ; some of those dogmas
are as low as the instincts of the lower animals.
They, the dogmas, were made years ago to suit the
minds of those days, and by keeping them on,
when the minds of men evolve, year by year, we
simply drive mankind away from the God of his
soul and mind. I am not a shepherd of a flock, but
in these above words I address myself to those who
call themselves so. And as Mr. Darwin tells us
that man, prompted by his conscience, will through
long habit acquire such perfect self-command that
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 127
his desires and passions will at last yield instantly
and without a struggle to his social sympathies and
instincts, including this feeling for the judgment of
others. Here, then, is Mr. Darwin, the great student
of human nature, giving us a truth seldom preached
from a pulpit. The evolution of man's conscience
can and should give him such perfect self-command
that evil and sin can and should cease on this earth,
and man has no excuse for not being able to in-
stantly check his passions. We cannot doubt Mr.
Darwin's statement of the possibility of this evolu-
tion in man. Wherein, then, lies the sin ? Do they
say that they are created in the image of God, in
their body or in their soul, and are this world's in-
habitants God's or Satan's ? I again quote Mr
Darwin, " The murder of infants has prevailed on
the largest scale throughout the world, and has met
with no reproach ; but infanticide, especially of
females, has been thought to be good for the tribe,
or at least not injurious." " As barbarians do not
regard the opinion of their women, wives are com-
monly treated as slaves." Again, " To lie to your
enemy has rarely been thought a sin, as soon as a
tribe has a recognized leader, disobedience becomes
a crime, and even abject submission is looked at as
128 DARWIN'S DESCENT OP MAN.
a sacred virtue." And I add this last, we find in
some dogmas of Churches calling- themselves Chris-
tian, disobedience to dogmas is a crime, abject
submission is a sacred virtue. Should not the
Church of Christ be above savages in the evolution
of their minds.
On page 157, Mr. Darwin says, " How so many
absurd rules of conduct, as well as so many absurd
religious beliefs, have originated, we do not know ;
nor how it is that they have become, in all quarters
of the world, so deeply impressed on the minds of
men." He gives us his reason for the impression
on the minds of men, but I would say a word here
about the religious beliefs. First, it is man's mind
or soul, in a greater or lesser degree, with which he
knows by instinct that there is a God somewhere.
Where, he does not know. This instinct is in all
quarters of the world. The absurd religious beliefs
exist but by one reason that is, ignorance, unwil-
lingness to learn, man's pride in himself and sup-
posed knowledge, man's love of power over his
fellow-beings, which he can only gain by keeping
the fellow-being in ignorance ; and man's descent
from Evil or Satan prevents him from freeing him-
self from these religious beliefs.
DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 129
We get a beautiful passage in Mr. Darwin's book
on page 138, " Humanity, and the highest possible
stage in moral culture, is when we recognize that
we ought to control our thoughts, as Marcus
Aurelius long ago said, ' Such as are thy habitual
thoughts, such also will be the character of thy
mind, for the soul is dyed by the thoughts.' " Also,
from Mr. Darwin, " As a struggle may sometimes
be seen going on between the various instincts of
the lower animals, it is not surprising that there
should be a struggle in man between his social
instincts, with their derived virtues, and his lower,
though momentarily, stronger impulses of desires."
This, as Mr. Darwin has remarked, is all the less
surprising as man has emerged from a state of bar-
barism within a comparatively recent period. Here,
then, is a strong proof of strength of the soul over
the body, and that they are two distinct things the
life of the body and the life of the soul ; and it is
to Christ that we owe both the knowledge and the
power of our souls. Mr. Darwin adds, " That after
having yielded to some temptation, we feel a sense of
dissatisfaction, shame, repentance, or remorse, anal-
ogous to the feelings caused by other powerful
instinct's or desires, when left unsatisfied," Now I-
130 DARWIN'S DBSOEXT OF MA.N.
add, that. Mr. Darwin, without knowing it, here gives
the proof of the living soul, living in an animal
body which is all evil. The struggle is between the
two. Mr. Darwin calls it " social instinct ;" I call
it the instincts of the soul, the dissatisfied sense
after yielding to a temptation, and the shame, re-
pentance and remorse, are of the soul. This is
proved to be so by Mr. Darwin's own words.
"These feelings," he says, " are analogous to the
feelings caused by other powerful instincts or
desires when left unsatisfied." Now, yielding to a
temptation is not leaving a desire unsatisfied ; on the
contrary, it is gratifying it. Therefore, the power~
fill instinct is the instinct of the soul, which desires
to raise the instincts of the body to the power of
refusing to yield to the instincts of the body, and as;
Mr. Darwin says, this instinct, which I say is of the
soul, is powerful, and is left unsatisfied when the "body
has not obeyed the instinct of the soul. We are
unsatisfied with ourselves because we do not restrain
pur body to the soul's desire, and the soul's desire
we fully understand ; for we feel shame and remorse
within ourselves, which is known only to our own
souls. The struggle between the soul from God
and the body from Satan goes on to the end of our
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF HAN. 131
lives on this earth. Mr. Darwin says, "That look-
ing to the future generations, we can expect vir-
tuous habits to grow stronger, becoming, perhaps,
fixed by inheritance, and the struggle between the
higher and lower impulses will be less severe, and
virtue will be triumphant. And that animal nature
never could understand disinterested love for all
living creatures." No, truly, for this noble attri-
bute of man is not born in the flesh, but is a gift to
the soul of man, given to him by the life and death
of Christ. Let me ask the reader to read in Mr. Dar-
win's book, " The Descent of Man," the pages from
137 to the end of that chapter, and then say if he
has ever heard a more convincing sermon in any
pulpit, as to the possibility of the evolution of man-
kind to completely control his body by his soul.
On page 157 in Mr. Darwin's book, I read what I
understand to be a battle between Satan in the
flesh, and the Spirit of God in the minds of men.
The pride of man and his unsatisfied desire for
power over his fellow beings, made him forge chains
for those to whom God was sending new light ; for,
" without doubting and questions, there can be no
progress." The chains were these, the men given
to meditation or culture of mind had no refuge
132 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
except in the bosom of a Church, and the Holy
Inquisition selected with extreme care the freest
and boldest men in order to burn or imprison them.
In Spain alone the best men were eliminated during
three centuries at the rate of a thousand a year.
Thus, through selection, the Holy Inquisition
lowered the general standard of intelligence in
Europe, and this was at a time when the nations of
Europe were awakening from the dark ages. In
other words, the Spirit of God was moving upon the
face of the waters, that is, the Spirit of God was mov-
ing in the minds of men. Alas, for the reckoning
to come to the Roman Catholic Church of those
In Mr. Darwin's chapter on " Sexual Selection of
Animals, Insects, or other Living Things," he has by
his search proved that there is no difference
between male and female, but when he reasons
without a proof that this is so, then he cannot help
being influenced by the prevailing thoughts of men.
Men are arrogant and proud, and think' that their
way of reasoning is the only way. The world
for so many generations has trained man to reason
that because he was born a man, that reason at
once gives him the reason to suppose himself
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 133
woman's superior, and even Mr. Darwin, after
showing us in his works that this is not. so, forgets,
or does not see this, and now and then when not
thinking of his subject, he says man is superior in
some things to women. Mr. Darwin tells us that
the gorilla seems to be polygamous, and the male
differs considerably from the female. Now, the
gorilla is the nearest animal -to man, can it be
this reason that he is polygamous, as other species
of monkeys are strictly monogamous. Man, then,
is lower than many monkeys, for the mate gorilla is
in appearance more like man than the female
gorilla is like woman, and many birds are known
to pair for life. (See Note of these facts at end of
I wish here to copy Mr. Darwin's words on page
" It is hardly worth while saying anything about
the question of the sexes in certain species and
even groups of insects, for the males are unknown
or very rare, and the females are parthenogenetic,
that is, fertile without sexual union. Examples of
this are afforded by several of the Cynipidae."
Now, as I have said before, after this fact given by
Science, Science can not say that the birth of Jesus
134 DAKWIN'S DESCENT off MAN.
Christ was not according to the version in the New
Testament. If such a thing is possible in the
smallest atom of life, it may be possible in the
largest atoms of life. I know Christ lived in a
human body when here, and I know that his Spirit
was the Son of God, that we can not know anything
of God but by what Jesus has told us, and we can
not know what the will of God is as done in heaven
but by what Jesus told us when on this earth, of the
will of God. We pray that God's will may be done
on this earth as it is done in heaven, a.ndwhat is the
will, and how is it done in heaven ? Is it by Church
dogmas ? Is it by Church disputes ? Is it by
repressing new knowledge ? Is it according to
animal man's will ? Is it by cruelty to others ?
Was it by the Spanish Inquisition ? Is it by faith
in Italian miracles of these days ? Is it by obeying
the Pope ? or obeying blindly any teacher of
dogmas of religions of this earth ? Is it by being
all for self, is it by thinking that we alone in our
religious belief are to be saved in our souls ? How
is God's will done in heaven, for it is to tfe done on
this earth the same as in heaven, before the king-
dom of God can come to this earth. Let us find
DAKWIN'S DESCENT ON MA.N. 185
out what God's will is before we pretend even that
we are doing his will.
Then what is heaven, and where is heave'n ?
Jesus tells us He was there before He came to earth,
that He saw Satan fall from heaven, and that there
are angels in heaven. And in Revelations we read,
" That there shall in no wise enter into it any-
thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh
abomination, or tnaketh a lie." There is then no
way to find out how God's will is done in heaven,
but by the words of Jesus, for He came to tell us
and show us what God's will is.
And now we are come to the pages in Mr. Dar-
win's book about the law of battle. All living
things fight from the lowest to the highest, which
is man. Fight and kill to possess what is another's
as well as to protect themselves from their enemies.
And as this was the general rule at the beginning
of life on this earth, I would ask those who vsay
that in our bodies we are made in the image of God,
Is this never-ending fighting tendency among all
species, an attribute of God ? To me it seems an
attribute of Satan or Sin, as does the law of battle
for the possession of the female, which appears to
136 DARWIN'S DESCENT of
prevail throughout the whole great class of mam-
mals, according to Mr. Darwin's statement.
On page 585, Mr. Darwin tells us that man, the
descendant of animals, gradually "became erect.
Now I read in the book of Revelations, " The first
beast was like a lion, the second like a calf, the
third had a face as a man, the fourth beast was like
a flying eagle. And the beast which I saw was like
a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear,
and his mouth as the mouth of a Hon.'.' Here, then,
is what accords with Mr. Darwin's book, telling us
of our descent, and this was revealed to St. John,
and these beasts are the forefathers of mankind in
the body. Also to Daniel was revealed the same.
And four great beasts came from the sea, diverse
one from the other. The first was like a lion and
had eagle's wings. I beheld till the wings thereof
were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth
and made to stand upjon the feet as a man, and a man's
heart was given to it. If this is the vision of God's
kingdom as the translators have named it, then it
means that the kingdom cannot come, or could not
come until man had evolved from the animal form
and received the breath of God, which is his soul.
On page 588, Mr. Darwin seems to be afraid to
DARWIN *S DESCENT OF MAN. 13?
allow one thing which his work has proved. He
allows all along that male and female are equal, so
long as he is speaking of animals. But he is here
speaking of mankind, man's higher power of the
imagination and reason gained by sexual selection.
Now man's sexual selection is woman, therefore it
is by woman that man gains the higher power of the
imagination and reason ; but Mr. Darwin here ex-
plains it by saying, "He gains this by the contest
of rival males." Now Mr. Darwin does this be-
cause his mind just there was not free from the old
influence of his surroundings, and the rut in which
man's mind still remains of thinking that woman is
different from man, and that she must be inferior
to man, even after Mr. Darwin's convincing proof
that the female in animal is equal and sometimes
superior to the male.
The higher power of imagination and reason are
not carnal ; therefore, they do not come under the
head of Mr. Darwin's subject. Imagination is
closely connected with the soul. " Energy and
perseverance." Instead of training women to these
they have always been denied to women. Perse-
verance in young women was called obstinacy, and
was repressed. Energy in women was called fussy.
138 DAKWIN'S DESCENT OF MAW.
and was repressed as being unwomanly and annoy-
ing to men. Mr. Darwin, on page 608, says, " With
mammals the general rule appears to be, that
characters of all kinds are inherited equally by the
males and females. We might, therefore, suspect
that any characters gained by the females or males,
through sexual selection, would commonly be trans-
ferred to the offspring of both sexes." And on
page 620, Mr. Darwin says, "That man being more
powerful in body," and he adds, " in mind," "in the
savage state he keeps her in a far more abject state
of bondage than does the male of any other animal."
This being the case, how can the woman's mind
grow in strength ?
And now we come to Mr. Darwin's words as to
our descent from the hairy, tailed quadruped, and
the long line from which it descended, some fish-
like animal, the aquatic animal ; and these import-
ant words, " With the two sexes united in the same
I turn to the book of Genesis i : 21-25, an d * see
that both sexes were united in one individual, and
the evolution which separated them as male and
female is described by Eve, woman evolving from
Adam man. That is female and male which are
DABWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 139
represented by the word Adam. And that this
took place before Adam evolved to the present
form of man, and that then and not before, he re-
ceived the breath of God and became a living soul.
And that since then evolution goes on in the mind of
mankind in the strength and culture of his soul.
This culture of the soul cannot go on unless man
feels and knows that his soul is free. He must
guide his own soul, no one else can guide his soul
for him. Christ has freed his soul, and mankind in
these days is not without means of gaining knowl-
edge. It rests with our own wills whether we re-
main ignorant animals, or intelligent souls, as Mr.
Darwin says on page 635, " But with the less civil-
ized nations reason often errs, and many bad cus-
toms and base superstitions come within the same
scope, and are then esteemed as high virtues and
their breach as heavy crimes. And man does not
accept the praise or blame of his fellows as his sole
guide, though few escape this influence, but his
habitual convictions controlled by reason afford
him the safest rule. His conscience then becomes
the supreme judge and monitor."
And now I come to the general summary in Mr.
Darwin's "Descent of Man," and I find much in it. He
140 bAItWIN's DESCENT OF MAN.
is honest when he says, " I am aware that much
remains doubtful, but I have endeavored to give a
fair view of the whole case," and I am thinking that
if teachers in religious things had long ago been as
honest as Mr. Darwin in first studying freely nature
with the help of the Bible, and had they taught
their hearers so as to be able to say, " That much
still remains doubtful, but I have given a fair view
of the whole case," there would not have been in
this world so many denominations ; such fights
among those calling themselves Christians, such
dreadful dogmas which have caused so much hatred
and suffering among those who should have made
the army of Christ against the army of Satan, and
brought peace and good will among mankind. But
the pride of these men teachers has not allowed
this, they have thought of their personal power
over mankind and they only pretend to think and
preach of Christ. I think Mr. Darwin's book has
put them to shame, for it is a great, honest work
for the help of the whole world. As we are de-
scendants of the animals we should be kind to the
animals who now serve us, and studying their
animal nature, characters, powers, instincts of all
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 141
sorts, we would soon find our own defects and set
to work to correct the same.
I find Mr. Darwin's book a grand sermon, such as
I have never heard from a pulpit anywhere. He
has freed my mind from some binding chains
which prevented me from seeing and understand-
ing things which the living things of this world
teach, arid I think that no one can deny that Mr.
Darwin has marked an epoch in the evolution of
the mind of man.
Mr. Darwin says, " A belief in all-pervading
spiritual agencies seems to be universal and appar-
ently follows from a considerable advance in man's
reason, and from a still greater advance in his
faculties of imagination, curiosity and wonder. I
am aware that 'the assumed instinctive belief in
God has been used by many persons as an argu-
ment for his existence. But this is a rash argu-
ment, as we should thus be compelled to believe in
the existence of many cruel and malignant spirits,
only a little more powerful than man, for the be-
lief in them is far more general than in a benefi-
cient Deity. The idea of a universal and benefi-
cent Creator does not seem to arise in the mind of
142 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
man until he has been elevated by long-continued
Can we have a stronger appeal for continued
culture of our minds than what Mr. Darwin here
says ? It is by culture and learning that we believe
in God's goodness. It was" Jesus who told us that
God was good it is man that has told us of Dante's
Inferno, and Dante's Inferno was the teaching of
the Roman Church of Dante's day.
The instinctive belief in God only came to man
when he received his soul. We are told in the
Bible, when man became the living soul, and
immortal, which was when he received the breath
of God, and evolution began in his mind ; which
was when evolution stopped in the body of man and
not before that period. And man did not realize
that he was an immortal soul until Jesus came to
this earth to tell him so, and man realized that his
soul had a Heavenly Father, when man began to call
on the name of God that is, to pray to God.
Mr. Darwin on page 637, says, " I am aware that
the conclusion arrived at in this work, will be
denounced by some as highly irreligious." How-
ever, I find the work highly religious, and of a
great benefit to religions of this day. Mr. Darwin
DARWIN'S DESCRNT OF MAN. 143
does not claim to be teaching us spiritual things,
he. is teaching us all about carnal things, and yet in
reading his book I have been led to think about
Spiritual things, simply by not setting my mind
against Mr. Darwin's work, but by being courageous
enough to clear from my mind old notions about
such things, so that my mind was free to think by
itself. Mr. Darwin is, of course, proving the
descent of man, by animals choosing what is new
and best in their species ; but I have been reading
what he has written to find if God (Good) or-Satan
(Evil) created us in our animal life. I find that
Evil and Sin created the animal life on this earth.
All young men and women should read what Mr.
Darwin tells them on pages 642, 643 in the " Descent
of Man," and how the moral qualities are advanced,
and not forget that there can hardly be a doubt
that we descend from barbarians. And, let me
add, that I here agree with Mr. Darwin, that I
would as soon be descended from that heroic little
monkey, who braved his dreaded enemy in order to
save the life of his keeper, as from a savage who
delights to torture his enemies, offers up bloody
sacrifices, practises infanticide without remorse,
treats his wives like slaves, knows no decency, and
144: DARWIN'S DESCENT OF 'MAN.
is haunted by the . grossest superstitions. Mr.
Darwin tells us that man may be proud of having
risen to the very summit of organic scale, though
not through his own exertions, nor was he placed
there ; yet he may hope for a still higher destiny,
which, of course, after Mr. Darwin's showing, must
be in character, mind, and knowledge that is, in
soul and not in the body but in noble qualities,
sympathy for the most debased, benevolence and
God-like intellect. Here Mr. Darwin, without see-
ing it, gives us the fact that the intellect or soul is
in the image of God, for he has proved beyond a
doubt that " man still bears in his bodily frame the
indelible stamp of his lowly origin," which fact I
find in Genesis, which tells us that from the dust of
the ground we rose to mankind, and to the dust oi
the ground will and does man in the body return.
I accept every word written in Mr. Darwin's book
as true. He has studied the subject ; I have not
done so except in his books. But there are two
subjects I claim to know as. well, perhaps better,
than he does. One subject is woman it has been
my duty to myself to study that subject. The
other subject is God I need hardly name that duty
as being the duty of every living soul. I do not
DARWIN'S DESCENT or MAN. 14p'
claim to be infallible ; such a claim in any descend-
ant of animal nature is a sin, above all sin in human
nature. But I claim the freedom of my mind and
soul to search and learn, and inwardly digest all I.
can learn of my God. We are just now in a state
of transition, so far as thought is concerned. Ever
since man became a living soul and began to think,
evolution has been going on in his mind ; and as
science has told us that in the evolution of the body
there seemed to have been spurts, that is, a greater
evolution at some times than at others, so it is in
thought. And we are now in the breach between
science and old-time thought as to how the Bible
can be interpreted. It is but slowly that we gain
spiritual truths, we have so many set-backs in that
knowledge, by being repressed by the dogmas of
the Churches. Let us keep, what is good of the
knowledge which our forefathers gained they were
not infallible, but they served their day. Let .us
serve our day by weeding out the weeds and plant-
ing the new seeds given unto us by God, into our
thoughts. So that the future generations may gain
by what we hand down to them, in knowledge, so
that they may freely advance in the same.
- Surely, if those who think that this world is God's
146 DA.RWIN'S DESCENT or MAN.
think that it is necessary to consecrate part of
God's work before they bury their dead in the ground,
they allow by doing so that this earth was not
made by God, for they cannot allow that God's
handiwork is evil, nor that they have the power in
themselves to sanctify what God has made. Yet
this is done by certain Churches. It is utterly im-
possible that anything which God has made and
pronounced good should become at any time and in
any way evil, or sin. Those who say that God made
mail in his own image, and that man by gaining
knowledge fell into evil and sin, place God on the
same level as themselves. God is the father of our
soul, and of that alone, for in that alone can we
pray to Him.
" I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day," are the
written words of St. John when he gives us the
I have read Mr. Darwin's books, " The Origin of
Species," and " The Descent of Man." I have read
them more than once, and thoughtfully. As they
lie open on the table before me, I muse on their
great usefulness to mankind. It is incredible to
me that any Church or denomination which calls
itself Christian, could ever have repulsed these
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 147
books. All dogmas have allowed the sin and evil in
mankind, all teachers of Christian religion have
known the nearness of human nature to brute
beasts ; they could not help seeing that some ani-
mals trained by man were even better than some
specimens of mankind. Why, then, when Mr.
Darwin's books appeared, confirming the fact of
our animal nature, did they not receive it as a light
sent to them by God through the mind of man.
Here was their opportunity for an evolution in re-
ligious thought, a chance to induce mankind to for-
sake his evil ways and conquer his animal nature.
" Know how to possess your vessel in sanctification,"
means in plain words, Know how to conquer the
animal you dwell in. Why, then, did not the
Churches accept Mr, Darwin's book at once ? Was
it pride, conceit, or shame in the teachers of spirit-
ual things. Are spiritual teachers going to refuse
all such knowledge as Mr. Darwin and other scien-
tific students give us ? If so, they are bad watch-
men, and we shall not cry unto them, " Watchmen,
what of the night, is the day breaking ?" for they
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF
WOMEN A NOTE.
(Where I find in Mr. Darwin's book that the female is
equal to the male, or superior to the male.)
I quote his words about females. Page 35. "The
two sexes generally resemble each other in all ex-,
ternal characteristics during an early period of
Page 70. " It is certain that there may be extraor-
dinary mental activity with an extremely small
absolute mass of nervous matter. The brain of an
ant is one of the most marvelous atoms of matter
in the world, perhaps more so than the brain of a
Page 114. "If men were reared under precisely
the same conditions as hive bees, there can hardly be
a doubt that our unmarried females would, like the
worker-bees, think it a sacred duty to kill their
brothers, and mothers would strive to kill their fer- .
tile daughters, and no one would think it interfer-
Page 1 1 6. " Many birds and some mammals post
sentinels, which in the case of seals are generally
said to be the females."
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 149
Page 134." As soon as marriage becomes com-
mon, jealousy will lead to the inculcation of female
virtue, and this being honored, will tend to spread to
the unmarried females. How slowly it spreads to the
male sex, we see at this present day. Chastity
eminently requires self-command. Therefore, it has
been honored in a very early period in the moral
history of civilized man."
Page 232. " The males of all mammals eagerly
pursue the females."
Page 237. " The female, with the rarest excep-
tions, is less eager than the male ; she is coy, and
may often be seen for a long time endeavoring to
escape from, the male and accepts the male the
least distasteful to her."
Page 248. " There are many animals in which
the two sexes closely resemble each other."
Page 259. " There is more frequent defective
development of males than females."
Page 271. " It is hardly worth while saying any-
thing about the proportion of the sexes in certain
species and even groups of insects, for the males are
unknown or very rare, and the females are arthenop-
150 DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
genetic, that ig, fertile without sexual union,
examples of this are afforded by several of the
(Women equal to men or above them?)
337. " In the male and female of butterflies,
the part which the two sexes play is reversed, as is
their relative beauty."
Page 339. " From the ardor of the male through-
out the animal kingdom, he is generally willing to
accept any female, and it is the female which usually
exerts a choice."
Page 349. " We shall find that, as with insects,
both sexes in certain groups are equally beautiful,
and are equally provided with ornaments which are
usually confined to the male sex."
Page 364. " The males of certain fish do all the
work, and afterwards take exclusive charge of the
Page 464. " The peahens, when debarred from
access to the pied peacock, would not unite with any
other male, and during that season produced no off-
Page 492. " The laws of inheritance can alone
account for the following cases, in which the female
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 151
acquires late in life certain characters proper to the
male, and ultimately comes to resemble him more
or less completely.
Page 500. " The ostrich, the male alone sits on the
eggs and takes care of the young, the female is
larger than the male, more courageous and pugilis-
tic ; the male is more docile, and has to defend the
young from their mother."
Page 568. " The tigers, one of the most beautiful
animals in the world, the sexes of which cannot be
distinguished by color, even by the dealers in wild
Page 638. " In almost every great classafew anom-
alous cases occur, where there has been an almost
complete transposition of the characters proper to
the two sexes, the females assuming characters
which properly belong to the males."
Page 640. " We have distinct evidence, with some
quadrupeds and birds, that the individuals of one
sex are capable of feeling a strong antipathy or pref-
erence for individuals of the other sex."
Also, several peahens, when debarred from an
admired male, remained widows during the whole
season rather than pair with another bird.
152 DABWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN.
(Note on characters in animals, which, if we call them
male and female, and did not know it is of animals, we
would think it is of man and woman.)
I glean the following from Mr. Darwin's chapter
on Mental Powers, without naming the animals.
" Saw chasing and pretending to bite each
other, like so many puppies."
" An adopted scratched his affectionate
who immediately examined the feet and without
more ado bit off the claws."
" Some took much delight in teasing a certain
old dog whom they disliked, as well as other ani-
" Every one has seen how jealous is of his
master's affections, if lavished on any other
" They love emulation, approbation and praise.
They exhibit self-complacency or pride. They feel
shame as distinct from fear, and something very
like modesty, and also magnanimity ; they do not
like being laughed at. They show a sense of
DARWIN'S DESCENT OF MAN. 153
humor. They feel wonder and exhibit curiosity.
They enjoy excitement and suffer from ennui.
They educate their young. They have passions,
affections and emotions, jealousy, suspicion, emula-
tion, gratitude, magnanimity. They practise deceit
and are revengeful. They are susceptible to ridi-
cule and even have a sense of humor. They possess
some faculties of imitation, attention, deliberation,
choice, memory, imagination, the association of
ideas, and reason. They are liable to insanity.
REFLECTIONS ON CAIN.
REFLECTIONS ON CAIN.
Genesis iv. 14-16. " And Cain said unto the Lord. . .
" Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face
of the earth ; and from thy face shall I be hid ; and I shall
be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth ; and it shall come
to pass that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
..... " And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest
any finding him should kill him.
" And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord."
" From the face of the earth ?" We understand
this to mean from the semblance of mankind.
" And from thy face shall I be hid," together with
the words, " And Cain went from the presence of the
Lord." We understand these to mean that Cain
then lost his soul it is only by our soul that we can
be in God's presence, and without the soul, we, in
our bodies of clay, are hid from God. He sees us
not except through our souls ; and without the soul
mankind is only animal no different from the ani-
We paid one visit to the Chimpanzee named Chiko.
158 KKFLECTION8 ON' CAIN.
When we first saw him he was seated, with his right
hand clutching the bars of his cage above his head,
which was dropping forward. The back of his head
the neck, the shoulders, were 'human, and the first
impression he gave us was this : We are looking at
the back of a human man, a man in prison, a cap-
tive, and a man who is overcome with despair, and
without hope. Chiko raised his head and looked at
us full in the eyes we felt convinced that this was
a direct descendant of Cain, a man without a soul-
This Chimpanzee was terribly human, he gaped and
showed us bis beautiful set of teeth, he placed his
hand on the top of his head as though trying to re-
member something, then lay flat on his back and
crossed his long arms on his breast and went to
sleep in the exact position in which his cousins
sleep, who have the double life which he has not,
that is the life of the soul. Ah ! we thought, this
is Cain, gone out of the presence of God ; once with
men; now with animals. And every one that find-
eth Cain's descendants try to slay them. " And the
Lord set a mark upon Cain," and the mark is the
mark of the animal. He is no longer the child of
God, but the child of Satan, an animal, but an ani-
mal also once of mankind.
REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 159
The sons of God are men with souls, the sons of
the daughters of men, are men with no souls there-
fore "The Lord said, My Spirit shall not always
strive with man." And why ? Because " He also
is flesh " and flesh is what we inherit from Satan's
descendants ; animalsall of whom have some in-
telligence, which in some animals is equal to man's
intelligence, and far above the intelligence of some
savage tribes. " A fugitive and a vagabond in the
earth" are the descendants of Cain. The Chim-
panzees are fugitives from mankind, vagabond in
their life, and yet terribly human ; so much so that
after looking Ghiko in the eyes, we do not under-
stand why Science still hunts for a missing link be-
tween animal and mankind. For how quickly man
returns to the level of the Chimpanzee if he loses
his mind ; that is, if his soul is clouded over ; and
even to the same odor of the wild beast does man
descend. Cain's punishment was to live on, and
not die, no one was to slay him, it was God's com-
mand, and whosoever did not obey God in this,
" vengeance shall be taken of him sevenfold."
With no soul, Gain's life ended as animal life ends,
a complete death, and Cain lives on in the animal
life now on this earth..
160 REFLECTIONS ON CAIN.
Now if we take the account of Cain literally, word
by word as it is given to us in the Bible, this is what
we have. Cain was the first-born child of Adam
and Eve, whom the first interpreters of the Bible
tell us were made in their body of clay, the exact
image of God -yet they sinned. And that Eve said
when Cain was born, " I have gotten a man from
the Lord" Yet Cain was a murderer and a liar.
Cain, we read, .was a tiller of the ground. Though
the first-born son of this God-made pair, yet- on,
Cain, we find, fell the curse ; that is, he was a tiller
of the ground, which was cursed for Adam's .sake, in
sorrow was he to eat of it all. the days of his life,
thorns and thistles it brings forth to him, in the
sweat of his face he was to eat bread.: ' "We ask, Is
it possible that anything made in the exact image
of God could sin, and be so , cursed by God ? In
process of time it came to pass that Cain brought,
of the fruit of the ground an offeringunto the Lord;
This we read in the Bible was before Cain; had
sinned. Why, then, we ask, bring an offering ? We
understand an offering to be something given to a
person to turn away their anger, or revenge from
us, some one whom we have offended or whose
power we fear. This we are told in. Natural Histo-
REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 161
ries, many animals understand, above all those who
live much with mankind. Therefore it was an ani-
mal instinct in Cain, he feared the power he felt to
be in God, and as it was in process of time that Cain
did this, he must 'have found that the practise of
giving offerings worked well among his fellow-men ;
for Cain at that time could not have been the only
man on this earth besides Adam and Abel. Also
Cain may be the name of a race of men, and an
evil race, for the offering, we read, was not respected
by God, that is, not accepted. And we read that
because it was not respected, and the offering of
Abel was respected, that Cain was very wroth and
his countenance fell. Cain then could be very
angry, and with whom ? With God. Many we find
even in these days are angry with God ; for the
same reason that Cain was angry. God does not
accept their evil deeds ; so they blame God for the
natural results of their evil deeds. They think that
they have a right to be evil, and are angry because
the result of their evil is not good to themselves.
His countenance fell; that is, the animal in him
was uppermost, not under control.
Sin lieth at the door ; that is, sin is near thee, and
102 REFLECTIONS ON CAIN.
yon will desire the things which sin desires. " And
thou shalt rule over him," that is, sin will'obey you,
and you can make sin do all you wish it to do ; you
will rule sin. And Cain we know slew his -brother
Abel, and when asked where Abel was, Cain lied,
and said, " I know not."
Then we come to the punishment of Cain ; and
here we would ask the old interpreters to tell us
why ? " Whosoever slayeth Cain vengeance shall
be taken on him sevenfold," taking this literally,
it is more of a sin to slay a murderer than the sin of
the murderer ; literally, he is not to be slayed, but
to be protected by God by a mark, so that no one
should kill him. This seems strange to us ; we
cannot believe that God protects sin. What we see
in this account of Cain, is this : Cain is the child of
Satan ; and driven by God from the face of the uni-
verse ; that is, from heaven to this earth, hid from
the face of God, because Satan is the father of sin
a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth, that is
driven away by those who by strength of their souls,
are the children of God. A vagabond, that is, as
we read in the book of Job, " going to and fro in the
earth, and from walking up and down in it." And
every one of God's children when they find sin shall
REFLECTIONS ON CAIN. 163
slay sin. And we understand the vengeance to be
taken on whosoever slayeth Cain, that is, the life of
this earth, the life animal, which Satan created and
not God ; vengeance will be taken ; for Satan ban-
ished to this earth must live on ; for that is his
punishment, the life in the clay goes on from one
generation to another generation as long as this
earth will last, but it dies with this earth. The life
eternal is the soul alone, and that life is from God.
The mark set upon Cain ? The old interpreters do
not tell tis what this is. We think it is animal ;
that is the life which is in the blood, spirit has not
flesh and blood. Cain had- shed the blood of Abel,
and the blood cried unto the Lord from the ground ;
in the blood is animal life. And Cain went out
from the presence of the Lord. We think this
means the soul of Cain died, for in our souls alone
can we be in the presence of the Lord,
REFLECTIONS ON PAUL BOURGET'S " LE
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE."
Having seen that M. Bourget is being well received
in our native country, and not having read any of
his writings, we got "Le Disciple," and have just
read it through, not for the romance of the story, as
we take no interest in romances. We have read
this book in order to find out what prompted M.
Bourget to write it, his motives, his object. -He
tells us, in his preface, that his book is written for
young men ; the young men of his native land, that
is, France. We find that he loves his country, per-
haps he fought in a war for his country. He does
not find the young men of the present day such as
he would wish to find them, and as he thinks the
country needs a different kind of young man to
make it go forward and not backward, and to
impress the young, he writes this sad story, which
all thinking persons know is only too true.
We love our native land, and we would have our
168 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE.
young people, both men and women, understand
these things as M. Bourget has tried to make the
young in his native land understand them. We are
making an effort in this direction, though we abso-
lutely loathe part of his writings, but he has been
visiting in our native land, and will cause his book to
be read there by our young people. The Old Book
says, "Stolen waters are sweet," Proverbs ix:n
which means that evil natures- find stolen things
sweet. The thing that is forbidden, because evil, is
considered sweet by some human natures, and
because it is forbidden, they are determined to get
it, totally indifferent to the evil it will work them or
others. Doubtless these books of M. Bourget arouse
and feed animal passion, but is it not partly because
of the principle that " stolen waters are sweet ?"
These things being hushed up, not spoken of, the
mind dwells all the more on them in secret, feeds
upon them, and so runs into greater evil. If they
were not secret and not stolen, but made public,
turned inside-out (we are speaking of thoughts),
their merits, their influence on mind and matter dis-
cussed, the sweetness would be taken out, the bitter
would appear, the mind would no longer dwell upon
these things, and human nature would become
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 169
strong enough to read, see, think and hear of them,
and still be in perfect control of its animal passions.
To that extent we must evolve before the race of
mankind can rise to a higher place. The old plan
of secrecy has failed ; all things must be brought
under the light of new ideas.
Our young, people who are natives are, thank
heaven ! very different from the young people in
France. They have not taken pride in shameful
things, nor have they gloried in them for the
number of years that France has. Evil is not, there-
fore, 'innate in our young people, but it can take
root and grow, it can be covered with sugar to hide
the bitter, and it can deceive the innocent and
ignorant. We love our native land and her young
people, and we are willing to fight for her to the
last drop of our blood, earnestly, sincerely, and to
the best of our knowledge.
Now let us turn to M. Bourget's book, which lies
open beside us as we write.
He says that Science and religion may be recon-
ciled on the ground of what is unknown. We say
that they are not only reconciled, but that they are
one and the same thing, not because of things
unknown, but because Science, which honestly seeks
170 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE/*
the truth, is of God, for .God is Truth. Those who
are God's in truth seek these truthful things, not to
prove that there is no God, but to prove beyond a
doubt that there is a God. Those who use Science
against God, who gives it to us, only work out their
own confusion, as M. Bourget has shown us in this
We think that those persons who are free from
passions are the best observers and dissectors.
They are free from any influence one way or the
other, and they judge the person who yields himself
to these passions to be only animal. What makes
the difference between man and animal ? Without
the control given by the soul, there is no difference.
The reason we do not permit our souls to govern
our animal bodies is because we have not trained
ourselves to mark and heed our double nature. As
M. Bourget says : " We know that we must die, but
we do not believe it, and we only become attached
to what we feel is real." We feel that God is real,
and that the life of our soul is real we do not mean
life in the body, but the eternal life of the soul.
Our soul is attached to God, and we are making this
effort so that our young people may know that all
that wins them to this present life is not real.
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE."
Though M. Bourget seems to think that one cannot
be happy without earthly joys of the animal life, we
would tell him that there are joys on this earth
unknown to him, which are real joys, for they die
not with animal life. M. Bourget has proved in this
book that all human nature, if without the restrain-
ing influence of the soul and belief in its immor-
tality, does sink again to its origin, which is fero-
cious animal. But animals are responsible ; you
have only to study them in anything else but man-
kind, and you will find that they are responsible and
that they know it, that is, to the extent that their
natures permit them to know it. Does a dog set to
guard a house know that he is responsible or not ?
How is it that the young man who allows that he is
two distinct persons, one who acts, the other who.
looks on at the one who acts, does not understand
the responsibility of the one who looks on ? Is he
so intelligent and yet so ignorant as not to under-
stand his soul and body ?
" We agree about the pious lies. They should
never be told above all, to children, who see the
He at once. Is not the Roman Catholic Church re-
sponsible for these lies? The Church forgives
these lies, and we know that the God of Truth has
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE."
not given any one power to forgive lies. " Suffer
little children to come unto me," said the Son of
God, and when they come with questions, we suffer
them not to come by giving them lies, which they
know are lies. Is it not a shame that we cannot
answer children with the truth ? It would be bet-
ter, we think, to answer the truth, if we know it
ourselves, or to say we cannot, as we do not know
it ; but let it be the truth.
In our native land girls grow up to womanhood
ignorant of the sexes, to a certain extent. Though
it is hard to make a Frenchman believe this, it is,
nevertheless, true of our grandmothers' days. In
France such ignorance is impossible, therefore, this
terrible story of M. Bourget's is all the more harm-
ful to the young woman. American girls know how
to take care of themselves. Let us hope M. Bour-
get's books will not lessen their desire to continue
to take care of themselves.
M. Bourget speaks of " the obscure element which
cannot be communicated." He cannot understand
that it is the soul, and that no one can make an-
other person understand the soul within him. The
soul being from God, is open before God alone.
We do not agree with M. Bourget " that not daring
KEFLEOTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 173
to show oneself is to isolate oneself, and to isolate
oneself is to prefer oneself." We think this depends
upon whether we think only of ourselves, or
whether we think of the world at large.
We also differ from the priest whose subject in
his sermons was always the vengeance of God. We
think that we ourselves make the punishment we
suffer and will suffer hereafter. We make it, not
M. Bourget in his book goes on to prove, better
than we can, how truly man is animal when he tries
to kill his own soul and the soul of another. No
moral argument can be stronger than this disgust-
ing book, if it be read by any one capable of feeling
that he has a moral right to be above this groveling
animal which he calls man. M. Bourget goes on
to prove, beyond a doubt, our argument, that the
curse which fell upon mankind Was, and is, that in
his human body he is .the direct descendant of
Satan in the flesh ; that man came from animal, and
only animal. It is a revolting idea, but M. Bourget's
young man, as he here describes him, is also re-
volting, and he tells us he is real. He tells us of the
viper, and that the dangerous beast seemed to him
to care for nothing but to multiply life ; indifferent
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE."
as to its being for good or evil, it goes on multiply-
ing life. In the Biblical account of the fall of man-
kind, the serpent is said to be Satan ; the temptation
is to know good from evil, and to live forever. We
think the temptation was to create after their own
image, which they did, and created not good but
evil, for Cain, their first child, was a murderer and-
a liar, the first child in the flesh of Satan. Instead
of living forever they created death. The earth
was cursed for Adam's sin ; thorns and thistles it
will bring forth ; mankind shall eat the herbs of
the field, even as animals, being now become ani-
mal. Being taken from the ground must mean
being evolved from the ground, and to it he must
return when dead. Eve was to bring forth children
after their image, and this necessity is called a
curse. Science is undoubtedly of God, for it seeks
truth. Why try to prove that Science is against
We think that whatever is inherited and evil we
should overcome ourselves. We are not wooden
machines ; we have souls, minds, reason and will.
If evil is inherited we can understand it, we can see
it and find the remedy in ourselves. Because it is
inherited is no excuse for us ; it is our duty to our-
REFLECTIONS ON U LE DISCIPLE." If 5
selves to overcome it, and if we do not we are ani-
mal only. M. Bourget has written a story for young
women which will prepare them to resist the cruel
animal in man- ; they will understand that passion
is not love ; it is cruel, selfish, and as base as the
lowest animal worse than" the lowest animal. No
man has pity in his nature, according to this book,
since M. Bourget tells us here that men are like ani-
mals. When their passions are gratified they forget
it, and are without it. He gives us in this story a
vivid account of the innate cruelty of man hunting
a soul to death.
M. Bourget speaks here of the passion in a soul.
He means the mind and the body. A soul has no
passion, though it has love. We find in this story
the assertion that a man only takes pleasure in the
ruin of a girl, when a girl is pure and innocent.
The intense pleasure such a victim gives a man is,
we think, proof that mankind in the flesh is a direct
descendant of Satan. The knowledge that what he
is doing is a sin against God is the reason of his '
intense pleasure ; stolen waters to him are sweet
because they are stolen. True knowledge, Science,
and true reason, would never call the death- of purity
a pleasure. And again, M. Bourget's book proves
170 REFLECTIONS ON " 1,75 DISCIPLE."
that we can think ourselves into a passion for any
one or anything. If so, we can also think ourselves
out of a passion for any one or anything. We are,
therefore, responsible beings and we shall be judged
Work, Yes, we have been told by God that work
is honorable and our safeguard.
We then have another terrible account of this
young, man, which makes us ask, Are these the
children of the Roman Catholic Church ? They
bring shame on the French nation, and they will
also bring ruin. Such are all men who have no be-
lief in God. They think, but they are mistaken,
that the 2 will die with the body ; alas ! the / never
Again we find proof in this book that the body of
flesh is of Satan and of sin, and that the soul revolts
at times against the body it dwells in. We also find
that French girls must be brought lip with no self -dis-
cipline, no restraint. For a person with a vivid im-
agination, M. Bourget's book is a terrible one, with
power to do much evil to any one who has a weak
mind, or a weak will.
We say that our actions belong to this earth, for
this earth is Satan's ; and our souls and the wills of
REFLECTIONS ON ' LB DISCIPLE. 177
our souls are not of this earth, and it is our duty to
conquer the animal we dwell in.
Nevertheless, man is responsible, as his soul
does not inherit the animal nature, and his soul has
power to think and reason. If any young man
should place the responsibility of his crime on the
man whose books he reads and whose teachings he
tries to follow, let us think of the responsibility of
those who not only write books of bad morals, but
of those who also write books to try to prove that
there is no God. On the judgment day, which will
surely come, how many will stand up and say,
"That man's books are responsible for my sins."
In a Book written many years ago we have this,
"The man said, The woman thou gavest me, she
gave me the fruit to eat. And the woman said,
The serpent beguiled me and I did eat." Neither
said, " It is I who have sinned."
M. Bourget is again wrong, for a soul stands by
itself ; it cannot be, as he says, united to another
soul. There is no such thing as a human, soul, for a
soul is spirit and cannot die. M. Bourget does not
understand our double nature, as he speaks of a
human body being a soul.
If a man deserves death for having ruined a
178 REFLECTIONS OK " LE DISCIPLE.'
woman, then how many men in France to-day have
that sentence hanging over them ?
Now we come to the account of the young man
who destroys a letter to hide the truth it contains,
but no one sees him do it. This is truly French ;
to do evil and not to let it be found out, is not doing
wrong according to their ideas ; the wrong in do-
ing evil is in letting it be found out. Did they truly
believe that God sees them, they would feel within
themselves that the evil is in doing evil, and they
would restrain themselves. This young man only
does his duty when he knows that others know that
the letter contained the truth, and that he had read
The man who writes on the physiology of God,
must believe in God, or else he uses God's name
ironically. If he can say, " Our Father in Heaven,"
he believes in God. In trying to dig up the weeds
which the dogmas of the Churches have not only
let grow, but have also cultivated, so that these
weeds hide the pure truth of God, given to us by
Christ, these writers have destroyed the flower of
the true root, but the root itself lives forever, and
they cannot destroy it.-
The French think nothing of suicide, yet it is
REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 179
murder, and a cowardly act in any one but a
All men think that all women are fair " game."
They also believe that every woman has her price.
It would be difficult to try to persuade a Frenchman
that in thinking so he is ignorant of the nature and
character of the women of other countries than his
own. If the French women have permitted this
belief to become universal among the men of their
country, they have no one to blame but themselves.
If all women were determined that this should be
changed, what could prevent its being changed?
It is a thing which is within their power, but it
must be the will of all women, not of a few among
If M. Bourget has so low an opinion of women
he should not forget that one woman, unaided, once
saved France, which, in his eyes, must have been
unsexing herself, for she did what a man should
have done. What a man did not and could not then
do, Jeanne D'Arc accomplished. As M. Bourget
loves his country, he should, for Jeanne's sake, re-
spect women, and not say that they unsex them-
selves if they accomplish such deeds as those of
Jeanne D'Arc. Is it better for a woman to fight for
180 KKFLICOTIONS ON <f LI? DISCIPLTC."
her country, or to yield herself to a cruel, selfish
young man, and then kill herself ?
M. Bourget stands in the same position as a shep-
herd of a flock. He has proved it in this book, and
as one sows so will one reap here and hereafter.
And the hereafter is the only lasting thing in true
life. He is teaching and training young France,
male and female, and in reading his books they can
only be animal, and all races of animals die out
within a number of years. Does he not fear for his
country France ?
The soul governs the animal. If young France
has no soul living within its animal alas ! for
Science and knowledge are of God, for whatever
honestly seeks for truth is of God, for God is Truth.
If you set out to study Science, determined to turn
it against God, you will manage to do so, for Satan
has done so before yon. If you study Science as
coming from God, freeing your mind from the old
dogmas,, you will be using the things of God as
God's, and your reward will be glorious.
This book of M. Bourget's is Animal, wholly
Animal, nothing but Animal.
We have spoken of our positive assurance of the
KEJ?LEOTIONS ON " ; LE DISCIPLE." 181
life of the soul after the death of the body, and of
the positive belief which we have of the joyful hap-
piness of the soul, which, when on this earth in the
body had faith in God through Christ.
We thank M. Bourget for having written this
book. He has given us a realistic account of the
animal nature of mankind, uncontrolled by the
spirit, or soul, or conscience, all of which dwell in
both man and woman.
In thinking over this true account of what must
take place, not once, but frequently, among many
men and women, and in comparing this with the
animal nature in what we call animals, we find that
the latter truly have morals of a higher standard
than mankind's. Cruelty, also, is more marked in
mankind than in what we call animals. We defy
any one who has read M. Bourget's book, to prove
the contrary of what we here say.
What is the reason that some persons, when they
hear anything of another which is out of the beaten
track, at once think that it is evil, and credit the
person with evil and impure thoughts and inten-
182 REFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE. '
tious, without knowing at all that such is the case ?
The person they so accuse may be so pure minded
that things in nature arouse no impure thoughts or
intentions in his mind. The only reason can be,
that those who accuse have impure thoughts, not
the person 'accused. Some have so weakened them-
selves by always thinking evil, that they cannot
hear, Or see, or read anything without turning it to
evil in their minds. We have not advanced far in
the Christian faith if we cannot check this at once.
We do not see this in the lower animals. Can it
be possible that they are nearer to God than man ?
The story of M. Bourget's book is this : A young
Frenchman studies Science, the result being that he
does not believe in a God, and is a God to himself.
He yields to the slightest animal feeling that he
finds in himself, and considers that it is creditable
to do so. He then coolly makes experiments, and
sets out in cold blood to see if he can ruin a pure
girl, the zest of the pleasure to him being that the
girl is pure and innocent. To do this he works
systematically, thinking it all over in a cold, cruel
way, totally unknown to the lower animals. He
succeeds in what he sets out to do. The girl kills
herself and the girl's brother kills the young man.
KEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 183
M. Bourget uses the plainest words to describe all
this, and the story appears to be undoubtedly
founded on fact. It would not be difficult to find
many true stories in the world like this one.
Mankind in his animal nature, we say, says he is
the image of God. What is his conception of God ?
Let us now see if we are higher or lower than the
ARE WE HIGHER THAN ANIMALS ?
A long time ago these words were written in a
very old Book, " Go to the ant, thou sluggard ; con-
sider her ways and be wise ; which having no guide,
overseer, or ruler, provideth her meat in the sum-
mer, and gathereth her food in the harvest." Prov-
erbs vi : 6.
" There be four things which are little upon the
earth, but they are exceeding wise. The ants are a
people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in
summer. The conies are but a feeble folk, yet they
make their houses in the rocks. The locusts have
no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands.
The spider taketh hold with her hands, and is in
kings' palaces." Proverbs xxx : 25.
This advice, given to mankind so long ago with
184 BEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE."
the assurance that to follow it would make us wise,
has taken man eighteen hundred and ninety-thi'ee
years to understand, and it is not until now that we
have consented to consider the ant's ways. We
notice here that the ant is spoken of as a female, not
male ; yet we are told if we consider her ways we
will be wise. Wisdom, then, can be found in
Let i\s now turn to "The Industries of Animals,"
by Frederic Houssay, 1893. He tells us that he has
gone to the ant and considered her ways. He shows
us that her ways are far higher than primitive man's,
who was first frugivorous, before he began to nour-
ish himself with the flesh of other animals ; he then
had to hunt and fish. His intelligence was still fee-
ble, and was entirely concentrated on hunting ani-
mals to eat, or defending his territory against wild
beasts, and tribes of his fellows who would diminish
his provisions. These were the first industries of
man. He tells us that ants reduce their own species
to slavery, and whoever reads this account of their
manner of obtaining slaves, must ponder if it is of
ants or men that M. Houssay writes. When men
make slaves, they capture the young and bring them
up to be slaves ; so do the ants.
KEFLECTIONS ON " LE DISCIPLE." 185
The wars of the ants all resemble human wars ;
their harvesting and their granaries cost them col-
ossal labor, and they prevent the grains from ger-
minating for some weeks. They dry all their pro-
visions in the sun, take them back to the barns, and
live off the flour as long as the winter lasts. There
are gardening ants and leaf-cutting ants. Now,
surely, whoever wrote about the ant in the old, old
Book, must have seen all this work of the ants,
though he does not give us the details as M. Hous-
say has kindly given them to the world. The old
writer says that though the ant has no guide, over-
seer, or ruler, she provideth her meat in the sum-
mer, and gathereth her food in the harvest. M
Houssay tells us that there are degrees of civiliza-
tion in the same species of ants, and that they behave
as in human society. They have pens and paddocks ;
they are masons and work in association ; they have
much intelligence and industry, and they are, of all
animals, those whose psychic faculties bring them
nearest to man. Like man, they have a language.
They combine their efforts, and there is no human
industry in which the ant is not perfect. They also
attend to personal hygiene. No wonder that the old
186 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.
old writer in the old Book tells the sluggard that if
he will consider the ways of the ant, he will be
From the Paris New York Herald, 1893.
THE INTELLECT OF THE ANT.
M. Camilla Flammarion argues that it is something higher
than instinct, only less than human.
An Extraordinary World, Revealing Wonderful Intellectual
The infinitely small is, perhaps, in all the work-
ings of nature, that which brings us cltfsest to the
I had spent long hours of the marvelous night
in the study of the systems of the double stars that
gravitate in the far-away skies ; I had, with special
interest, observed a handsome group of two suns
more gigantic even than ours the one of a bright
ruddy red, the other of a translucid sapphire blue,
which revolve round one another in the period of
two thousand years, and distribute to the human
races of their far-away systems many colored days
and sunny nights unknown to our planet. I had
REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 1ST
even gone to the length of calculating that a train,
rapid as the lightning, traveling at a uniform rate of
one hundred kilometres the hour, would occupy no
less than five hundred million years to reach this
universe, and I had pondered on the varied condi-
tions of life upon the unnumbered worlds of the
heavens worlds the endless succession of which
continue beyond the uttermost bounds by which
the mind would limit unlimited space when, in the
morning, crossing the lawn, my eye fell upon two
ants chattering animatedly together.
Their talk was of a beetle lying in the grass,
deadened, perhaps, by the cold morning air, and
which one ant desired to carry off to the anthill,
but which was much too heavy for her.
DISCUSSING THE MATTER.
Was her companion not disposed to assist her?
Had she other work to do ? Did she doubt the
edible quality of the victim ! Did she understand
that the load would still be too heavy for two little
bodies like herself and her friend ? Did she raise
an objection about the length of the journey ? I
cannot say, but the fact is that she was in no hurry
to accede to her companion's request, and showed,
188 REFLECTIONS ON THE
by the thousand different ways in which she with
her antennae touched those of her friend; that her
mind was not made tip on the subject. A third
ant came along and joined in the conversation, and
then a fourth. Their decision was soon made
now. All four moved off with their prey, headed
by the one who ha'd discovered the beetle, and I
learned, by following them, what had been the sub-
ject of their excited debate.
The sun-rays were already warming the earth.
The beetle made a feeble resistance doubtless he
had been seriously injured. The quartet pulled,
pushed and rolled him along so energetically that
eventually they succeeded in getting him to their
abode, but five yards away from where the little
counsel had been held.
Those sedate souls who would like to think, but
fear to get too far from the earth by studying the
conditions of life in other worlds than ours, would
be well inspired, and could pass many a pleasant
hour in the contemplation of our own planet, of the
multitudinous manifestations of mysterious nature.
A visit to an anthill alone is as great an experience
as a journey to the Milky Way. Intelligence has
gone through the same developing process in the
REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 189
case of the insects as in the case of the grand mam-
inifers gradually, progressively and more quickly
than in the case of man, for the ants have been
millions of years in advance of mankind. Our race
might not yet have appeared on the surface of the
globe. Only a stature like ours has been lacking
in the ants to enable them to secure the empire of
A LITTLE REVOLUTION.
Disturb a few ants in their stroll outside their
abode. In a trice some of them hurry into their
galleries, raise the alarm in the community, and in
a second all this little world is in revolution. While
a portion of the workers hastily begin to carry the
larvae into the deepest recesses of their dwelling,
others go bravely out to reconnoitre the danger and
drive off the enemy. Look at those which meet at
some distance from the centre of agitation. They
rub their antennae together and in two or three
movements convey the alarming news. If an ant
finds a pot of jam it first puts into practise the
principle that charity begins at home, and then
goes off, to return with half a dozen friends, who
follow its example anc} in their turn soon summon
190 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.
a crowd of guests, who set merrily to work. When
it is a question of caterpillars to be carried, Sir
John Ltibbock has noticed that the number of ants
comprised in the expedition corresponds pretty
closely to the number of larvae to be carried.
Sometimes the two ants are seen to stop, question
each other with their antennae, and if they are
agreed, engage in a sort of boxing match, like
wrestlers at fairs. (This was first observed by
Huber and has been carefully verified.) Sometimes,
too, an ant may be seen to try to convince another
in pantomime, and if it does not succeed, to take its
obstinate friend upon its shoulders and carry it to
the desired goal, a process which is shorter than a
INTELLIGENCE NOT INSTINCT.
Any one who studies the works of architecture,
masonry and engineering executed by ants, and
their industrial and military organization, cannot
fail to be convinced that they communicate their
impressions to one another and make arrangements
among themselves for carrying out their plans.
That this is intelligence and not instinct may be
demonstrated whenever they are given an oppor-
REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT. 191
tnnity of proving 1 it. One day a silk grower
noticed that the ants, which were very partial to
his silk-worms, climbed up a mulberry tree and
annoyed the caterpillars until they let go their hold
and fell to the ground, where an army of carriers
lost no time in bearing them away. To put an end
to this raiding, the observer (M. F. Besson) made a
ring of birdlime on the trunk of the tree, and for
four days the barrier proved impassable. On the
fifth day an engineer appeared on the scene. An
ant brought a large grain of sand in its jaws, placed
it in the birdlime, and then went down again. The
other ants came and examined in turn this embryo
bridge, descended and after about ten minutes
every ant that came up brought his grain of sand.
At the end of half an hour the bridge reached right
across the birdlime, and was wide enough for four
ants to march abreast. The observer had not the
heart to destroy their work and rewarded their
intelligence by abandoning the mulberry tree to
Ants have been observed, when stopped in an
expedition by a stream of water, to form a bridge,
made of a chain of workers, clinging each to the
other, over which the army passed dry shod. When
192,. REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.
all had crossed, the living bridge disintegrated, and
the ants which composed it strove, often in vain, to
reach the shore.
All these facts give unquestionable proof of
intellectual combination. The study of this little
world strangely upsets the idea of the inferiority of
insects generally received among men. People
think that they know all about these little creatures
when they have examined an anthill, have seen the
larvae arranged in their cradles, moved from place
to place several times daily according to the
intensity of the solar heat, fed with constant care
by little nurses who love their charges more than,
they do themselves ; when they have seen these
nurses anxiously watching the slightest movement
of the heads of the larvae and put a tiny drop of
nourishing liquid into their mouths before they
have time to be hungry, or, when the nymph is
born, they have watched these careful guardians
aid nature and daintily tear the silken tissues with
their mandibles in order to facilitate the passage of
the head. .But their cities are nothing beside some
REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.- 193
of the parts which we are astonished to see them
For example, their cattle, their milch cows, their
stables ! Strange as it may seem, many ants have
their milch cows which they tend and milk ; their
flocks and herds which they keep in special stables,
which they consider as their property, which they
defend against their enemies, which they take with
them when they change their dwelling. These
flocks are aphides and gall insects.
This varied social organization, these castes, these
professions, this division of labor, these cities as
populous as London and Paris, and in which all the
inhabitants know one another, these enmities
between citizens of two neighboring cities, these
territories organized and defended, these wars and
these battles all this reveals intellectual conditions
scarcely inferior to those of the savage human races
who are to be observed still in Central Africa or in
the Islands of Oceanica. Ants even have ceme-
Shall we speak of their marriages, of the hour of
love a.nd pleasure, in which can be' seen clouds pf
194 REFLECTIONS ON THE ANT.
winged ants, males and females, flying away in the
air on the evening of a warm autumn day and dash-
ing through the electrified atmosphere as a fantas-
tic circle, intoxicated, distracted, seemingly seized
with madness, carried away quivering above aerial
landscapes, still rising and pursuing one another in
the gold and purple of the setting sun, seeking up
above some point of support to allow of their grow-
ing passion being satisfied, settling indeed on tow-
ers, belfries and roofs, making the inoffensive
passer-by an aid and an accomplice, and rolling in
such dizziness that on that very night, calmed and
exhausted passion extinguishes the idyl in annihila-
tion and death. The males, aged twelve days, only,
die off, and the next day the sun shines on their
corpses. Birds soon rid the earth of these. The
females tear off their wings, and for them also love
has no to-morrow. The neuter ants surround them,
finish off the dislocation of their wings, take care of
them, feed them, and await the precious fruits of
that hour of intoxication, the eggs, the future of the
community. That hour has indeed sufficed to fer-
, tilize the winged female, which, having become a
mother and deprived of her wings, will live for eight
REFLECT IONS ON THE ANT, 195
or nine years in the nest without ceasing to lay
AN EXTRAORDINARY WORLD.
As will be seen, we have here an extraordinary
world in every respect worthy of tlie attention of
the observer, a world different from ours assuredly,
but one in which analysis reveals intellectual pro-
cesses which one would not dare to admit if they
had not been scrupulously studied. Here we have
a small being which thinks. Let us not go beyond
this fact. An ant's brain thinks and contains a whole
world of impressions, ideas, judgments and reason-
ings. That is all I want to submit to-day to the
reflection of men who think for themselves.
I have had the curiosity to find out how much
such a brain weighs. In order to find out, I weighed
some neuter ants (the others do not count) of vari-
ous descriptions in groups of a hundred, and I have
found, among other results, that the red ant, the
most common in our countries, weighs fifteeen centi-
grammes per hundred. An ant weighs, then, a
milligramme and a half. The same process has
shown me that the weight of the head is about one-
third of that of the body that is to say, half a mil-
ligramme and dissection shows that the cerebral
196 KEFLKCTIONS GIST THE ANT.
system of this insect amounts to one-third of the
weight of the head, that is to say, sixteen-hundredths
of a milligramme.
It results from all this that the brain of the ant
weighs about a tenth of the weight of the body,
that is, sixteen-hundredths of. a milligramme. It
thus requires six of them to make a milligramme,
and six thousand to make a gramme. It is in this
minute grain that all these ideas and their combin-
ations are formed, and act. What is life and what
is thought ? In truth, this little brain equals in
grandeur the whole Milky Way, which the flight of
light at the rate of three hundred thousand kilo-
metres per second, takes twenty thousand years to
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
If they hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will
they be persuaded though one rose from the dead. Luke
These words spoken by my Lord and Master,
Jesus Christ, send my reflections back to Moses.
Moses I find was considered by his mother as
being "a goodly child," therefore she saved him
from the fate of the children of the Hebrews in
Egypt, whom Pharaoh ordered to be cast into the
river. The mother of Moses could not escape the
command, but she did what she could to save her
child, it was taken to the brink of the river in a
basket and his sister watched near by. Three
women saved the life of Moses, his mother, his
sister and the king's daughter. " A goodly child,"
doubtless means perfect in shape and form ; there
were, then, born children who were not "goodly"
children, no doubt marked in some way by the
200 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
But Moses was saved, and, as we all know, he
was brought up by Pharaoh's daughter, who was a
princess of the land of Egypt. As we do not hear
of him again until he is a grown man, it is reason-
able to believe that he was taught all there was to
learn in Egypt, and that leading the children of
Israel out of Egypt to another land, he could not
have failed to teach them what he had learned him-
self in the Egyptian schools. Moses certainly
civilized the children of Israel, and by his laws
raised them from beasts to mankind, for his laws
prove the condition of the children of Israel ; as no
law was made by Moses but what was needed at
that time. The high state of civilized Egypt made
Moses what he proved to be in the Bible account of
him. The children of Israel had been slaves for
many, many years, and Moses had the hard task of
civilizing them, and purifying them according to
what he had been taught in Egypt.
As I journeyed in Egypt to the first cataract on
the River Nile, seeing the old temples with their
illustrated walls, the Old Testament came fresh to
my mind at each step of the way ; and Christ and
what He taught when on this earth. Christ refers
us to Moses and the Prophets and tells us we must
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
hear what they tell us, adding that we must search
for the meaning of what they have written. Many-
have tried to do so, and have given us what they
thought they had found, and on their own interpre-
tation they have founded the dogmas of the various
Churches ; but we are not to rest there. We must
still in each generation search the Scriptures with
whatever new light we have gained.
In the parliament of religion we have by J. A. S
Grant, Bey of Cairo, Egypt, what he says of the
ancient Egyptian religion : " Manetho, an ancient
Egyptian priest and historian, 280 B. C., wrote in
Greek a history of his country and people." Here
then is Manetho's way of putting it First, it is a
kind of evolution ; which in these days Mr. Darwin
has explained to us, and which Moses by his laws
to the Hebrew people helped to carry out, raising
Manetho says that the first dynasty was taken up
with the creation of the world. So Moses tells us in
Manetho says the second dynasty probably
became so through some great change that took
place on the creation of man (evolution from animal
form to man) the gods now were ruling over ; while
202 REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS.
at the same time they had free intercourse with
roan. So Moses tells us of Adam and Eve (man-
kind) to whom God spoke in the Garden of Eden.
Manetho says that from some cause the gods
withdrew from man and had no further intercourse
with him. So Moses tells us, after the fall of Adam
and Eve, in the book of Genesis, that God had no
more intercourse with Adam after what is called his
Manetho says that man was ill at ease, being
unable to have intercourse with the gods, that the
gods had pity on man and lowered themselves to
the level of man, partaking of his nature, and thus
came to earth to have friendly intercourse with man.
Moses told the children of Israel that God would
raise up a prophet like to himself, to lead and teach
the people, and we believe this prophet to be Jesus
Christ, who lowered himself to partake of the
nature of man, so that by Him and through Him
God again spoke unto man. The evolution, how-
ever, by Christ was not to our human bodies, but
to our human minds, we were to think, to ponder, to
search, to advance in strength of mind and soul.
Then the Egyptians, I find, not knowing Christ
whose coming they foreshadowed, taught that there
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 203
were families of demi-gods. They seemed to fore-
see that Christ would be half God, half man ; his
double nature in which we believe, his coming
would bring us good.
Manetho says, "That the belief in the death of
Osiris on acccount o sin, was the only atoning sac-
rifice in the Egyptian religion." Here, of course,
is our belief that the death of Christ on account of
sin in the world was the atoning sacrifice. That
sin was the cause of the death of Christ, I fully
believe ; but I cannot help thinking that atonement
belongs not to God. It is so human a failing, so
earthly in gaining something, that to my mind it
belongs not to God.
Man soon learned on this earth that a gift, an
offering, turned man's anger away from another
man, they were pacified by gaining something as a
gift. In their ignorance of God, they judged Him
to be the same as man. What can we give to God ?
What are our earthly lives to Him ? Death will
come to all in any way. Jesus lived in the human
body,' doomed to die as all human bodies must die.
Man behaved then as he behaves even now. Christ
showed man his great sins and faults so plainly
that, man thinking himself a demi-god, a being in-
204: REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
capable of thinking or doing wrong, was angry with
Jesus and so put Him to death. They had, as Jesus
told them, slain all the prophets whom God had
sent to them ; they still continue to do so. This
human creation of Satan resists to the end any
effort on God's part to raise them into being living
souls. It is innate in the creation of evil to resist
good, they are blind and deaf to the good that God
would do them, and instead of following Jesus they
crucified Christ. God is a Spirit ; what atonement
can earth and dust make to Him. God is not man
and thinks not as man ; why, then, an atonement,
if human nature can forgive and forget an injury
without a gift of any kind. Can human nature be
above God ? Christ's death was not an atonement.
He went willingly to his death when He went
his last journey to Jerusalem, and He knew when
resisting the temptation in the desert that Satan or
Evil would put Him to death. He had conquered
Evil by spiritual strength, and Satan, the prince of
this world, was determined to kill all that he had
the power to kill, and that was the human life of
Jesus. Christ by his example has taught us that all
earthly things are nothing in comparison to our re-
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 205
sisting evil. " Fear not those who can only kill the.
body but cannot kill the soul."
The Roman Church has taken, not only from the
Egyptian religion, but from many pagan religions,
to make up their Church service, and as from the
Roman Church all other Churches have borrowed,
they also have much that is pagan. What injury
can we do to God ? The injury by sin we do to our-
selves, how then can we make an atonement to God ?
Atonement belongs to this earth ; we should atone
to our souls for the injury which our animal nature
has done to the soul, for the soul is the real I and
not the body of clay. If we injure others we should
atone to them while on this earth, but we are all the
time doing our own soul harm, and to it we should
My idea o God makes it impossible to atone for
anything to Him, for does my life and death change
in any way the order and laws of the heavens and
earth, or any one's life or death stop the course of
the sun and moon, and stars, and earth ? Why then
think that we can make an atonement to God ! or
that the death of Christ in the flesh was an atone-
ment for our bodies of flesh and blood. Christ
died for ns, as He was born for us, suffered for us,
206 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
and rose from the dead visibly to his disciples
whether inspirit or flesh, it was also for us; but
we must work out our own salvation in fear and
trembling. Mr. Grant tells us that, " The Egyptians
had a moral code in which not one of the Christian
virtues is forgotten purity, charity, sobriety, gen-
tleness, self-command in word and action, chastity,
and the protection of the weak, benevolence toward
the needy, deference to superiors, respect for prop-
erty in its minutest details." All this Moses hav-
ing learned in Egypt, he taught the children of Is-
rael, and Jesus has told us to hear Moses. Mr. Grant
tells us that Osiris, Isis and Horns, father, mother
and son, were worshiped in Egypt as a triad ; and
Isis is represented with Horns as a sucking child on
her knee, and this, he says, gave origin to the com-
bination of the Madonna and Infant on her knee in
the Christian religion. He adds, " This worship of
the Madonna was a cunning device to gain over the
pagans to Christianity, who saw in it their Isis of
Ashtaroth as the case might be." In my reflections
on this, I have to say that the word Christian here
should be changed to Roman, for Christ did not tell
us to worship the Virgin Mary. The Christian re-
ligion is only that which is of Christ, and as I have
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 207
said before, we can not find Christ in the Roman
Church ; so many other names are worshiped there,
first in importance, that Christ in -the purity and
truth of his teachings cannot be found there.
Then I would here say that when I saw in Egypt
the carvings representing Isis with Horus as a child
on her knee, I understood it to be a foreshadowing
of the birth of Jesus, born into this world by a
woman. This is as Moses must have been taught to
understand it. The birth of the future prophet, who
was to lead them to spiritual truths and light'.; the
same as he, Moses, led the children of Israel to a
better land and to freedom. It was only the priests
in Egypt who understood those things, for the peo-
ple were ruled by keeping them in ignorance and
superstition ; these two last, ignorance and supersti-
tion for the common people, have been borrowed by
the Roman Church from Egypt. But I also saw
some other meaning which was this : Man owes his
life on this earth to woman, both in his birth and in
his first nurture, and the Egyptians represented this
by Isis with Horus on her knee. They also believed j
that at the death of the body the soul took flight
from this earth and was judged by Osiris for the
deeds done in the body, whether they had been good
208 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
or. evil. This is plainly shown by their carvings on
the old temples in Egypt ; the justified soul was
admitted to the presence of Osiris, and made daily
progress in the future life.
Mr. Grant tells us, " That there were two grades of
punishment ; the more guilty were condemned to
frightful sufferings and tortures and devouring fire
until the man was annihilated, the less guilty were
put into some unclean animal and sent back to the
earth for a second probation." The devouring fire
is the Roman Church's hell, as Dante shows us in
his Inferno, and from which the Roman Church tells
us the prayers of sinful men on this earth can release
a soul. The Egyptians were more merciful, for they
limit the sufferings. The Roman Church makes it
eternal. The second probation, the return of the
soul to this earth to dwell in an animal, and live out
its animal nature, may indeed be the truth. Have
we not often seen most human eyes in animals, and
have we not known human beings to be as low as
animals, and have not all animals suffered by the
hand of man. Mr. Grant tells us that the animal
/worship in Egypt was at first only symbols, but
became by the inherent curse of idolatry, real
objects of worship, and that the religion of the
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 209
Egyptians, which was at first pure and spiritual,
became grossly material as that old faith degener-
I will note here that the pure and spiritual was
what Moses received when taught in the Egyptian
temples, and it was what Moses taught, but the
Roman Church has br.ought back the inherent curse
of idolatry. This inherent curse of idolatry we get
in the flesh from Satan, the tempter, who when
tempting Christ said, " All these things will I give
thee, if t-hou wilt fall down and worship me." Mr.
Grant tells us that, " The search of knowledge is only
good when it is seeking for the truth, and sleepless
vigilance is the price of liberty." We should all
therefore be vigilant for the truths given unto us by-
" And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of
the Egyptians and was mighty in words and
in deeds." Acts vii : 22.
A myth starts from an idea, an idea is formed in
the mind, the mind is the ear of the soul, by it the
soul listens to good and evil, A myth, if it is for
good, is undoubtingly the whisper of the Spirit of
Sod to the mind of man. If evil, it is the whisper
of evil to the mind of man.
210 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
The myth in the primitive mind was an effort to
find God, a reaching out of the soul to find its
home, its own country and abode. So we have
often expressed it in the hymn :
" Prayer is the soul's sincere desire
Uttered or unexpressed,
The motion of a hidden fire.
" Prayer is the burden of a sigh,
The falling of a tear
When none but God is near.
" Prayer is the Christian's vital breath?
The Christian's native air,
The watchword at the gates of death,
He enters Heaven with a prayer.
" Prayer is the contrite sinner's voice
Returning from his ways,
While angels in their songs rejoice
And cry, Behold he prays.
" O Thou by whom we come to God,
The Life, the Truth, the Way,
The path of prayer Thyself has trod,
Lord, teach us to pray."
In the Egyptian Book of the Dead by Charles S.
Davis, M. D., Ph. D., I find, To the ancient
Egyptians the Horus eye has the real origin of all
that was good and pure and beautiful in the world."
REFLECTIONS OST MOSES. 211
If Horus typified Jesus, it is true that in Jesus was
the origin of all that was good and pure and beauti-
ful ; I also find that the god Horus was called
" The giver of life, the giver of oracles, the expeller
of spirits from the possessed." This certainly is
typical of Christ.
The Egyptians, I think, worshiped animals be-
cause they knew of their descent from animals, and
on account of their belief of the soul's returning to
this earth to inhabit the body of an animal, and
as they worshiped their ancestors, they worshiped
these animals as containing the souls of their
1 find a hymn which to my mind conveys the idea
that the Egyptians meant to express their belief in
one God and the hymn prophesies Christ : " I am
Turn., the only Being in Nu." My translation is
this : " I am God, the only being in the world," the
word " Being " meaning the only immortal life liv-
ing in the world. " I am the Sun when he rises,
his rule begins when he has done so." The power
of the sun, the force of the sun represents the
power and force of God ; the rule of the sun over
this earth begins when he has risen on the earth,
as all things grow by the heat of the sun, which
212 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
typifies that we have life only through and by God.
" I am the Great God creating himself," this, of
course, is God. " I am never stopped by the gods,"
this shows very plainly that the Egyptians knew
that there was a power above all their idol gods.
<l I am the morning, I know the gate." God is the
beginning of all things, and knows the gate to
Heaven; the gate of death which was passed by
Christ ; the gate of Heaven which was opened for
us by Christ " The chest (coffin) of (the) Osiris
Jias been confronted by his father, the Sun. He
has given battle for the gods, when Osiris, the
Lord of the Hill of the West, orders him." The
death of Christ, the tomb of Christ, has been con-
fronted by his Father, the power of God suffered
Him not to remain in the tomb, like the heat of the
sun which gives life, so the power of God gave life
to Christ after his death ; and if the word " West "
meant the future to the Egyptians, they predicted the
death and resurrection of Christ, who had fought
for the powers of good on this earth. " Battle for
the gods." The word " gods " meaning powers on
this earth, and of good and of evil ; Christ when on
this earth fought for the power of good, the Egyp-
tians prophesying that He would do so in the future
.KEFLEOTIONS ON MOSES. 213
when God so ordered Him to do. " I know the
Great God who is in it." That is, in Christ ; the
Great God being the Adviser of the power that
would be in Christ. " Begotten by himself, is his
name," that is the Spirit in Christ was begotten
from God. " I am the great Rennu which is in
Annu.' I am the Former of Beings and Existences,"
means, I am the Great Spirit which is in Christ, I
created all things by my law, and all life.
I find in Mr. Davis* book the Egyptian idea or
belief of the judgment of the soul after death is
Christian in its teaching. Now, Moses must have
been taught this belief in Egypt, and Moses must
have taught this belief to the children of Israel, and
this is the Moses whom Jesus has told us to hear.
The soul must give proof that his spiritual knowl-
edge is sufficient, and that his life on earth has
been pure, to be worthy of the life to come. In the
very first words of the Book of the Dead, I see
this : " O Christ with the strength of God, says truth,
O King of Eternity who is the Great God, who
gives us strength in the sacred passage from this
earth in heaven. Christ fought for '. God, and is
one of those chief goods, who make Truth the word
of God against his foes on the judgment day."
214: REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
The Book of the Dead goes on to say," I am the
Eternal, the son of the Eternal, conceived and born
in the Eternal City." Surely this refers to Christ.
" I am with the two women weeping," the women
r.t the tomb of Christ. " Over Osiris, lamenting
over Osiris in the region of the dead, and making
Truth the word of Osiris against his foes, for it has
been enjoined by Rl to Thoth to make Truth the
word of Osiris against his foes," the women weep-
ing at the death of Christ, lamenting that He is in
the region of the dead, but God has made the words
of Christ the truth, and these true words are against
" I am seeking my path, living soul, I go out, at
the hour for living, of the hearts of the Apes."
Here, then, is the living soul, the only true life in
us, it is seeking its path to heaven, being freed .
from the body inherited from apes, as Darwin has
shown us that we all descend from animals, and the
animal ape, and so the Egyptians knew it to be.
" If this Osiris N. be deemed deserving to per-
form in the Netherworld all the work that is done
there, then is taken out of him any evil principle,
like out of a man master of his faculties." Here,
then, the Egyptians knew that a man who is master
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 215
of his faculties can take out of himself all evil
The " wax god " who bindest in chains and
drawest into destruction is Satan or evil. "Thy
poison does not pervade ray limbs," means that sin
had nothing in Christ.
" I open the hour closed to the living." Christ
opens the door of knowledge to each generation of
those who live on this earth ; " wax god " also is the
earth which is Satan's, and the worm of the earth
lives on those who are dead, and the worm of the
earth did not come near the body of Christ.
" The Osiris N. has come. He sees his father
Osiris, he repelled the darkness from his father
Osiris, he opened all the roads in Heaven and on
earth." < '
This prophesied Christ, who saw God, who
repelled the darkness, and brought light from God,
and of God, and who opened the roads to heaven
for us, and showed us the way to live on this earth.
" I am the morning god." We say the bright and
the morning star. The Egyptians said to the sun,
" Illuminating the two earths with thy rays." This
means the sun illumines the earth and the moon.
" Sun, to whom millions and hundreds of thou-
216 REF LECTIONS ON MOSES.
sands of years are but one moment." Now, if the
Egyptians knew this, how can we say that the earth
and all in it was made in six days. Psalm xc.
" For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yes-
terday when it is past, and as a watch in the night."
" The maker of eternity." The Egyptians
believed, therefore, in eternity, the immortal life
of the soul.
" I am yesterday and I know to-morrow." Reve-
lation xxii. "I am the root and the offspring of
David, and the bright and morning star." Hebrews.
" Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day and
forever." I.James. " Ye know not what shall be
on the morrow."
" On this day when he destroys the foes of the
Lord who is above everything, and on which he
consecrated his son, Horus." Christ came to de-
stroy the foes of God, which are sin and evil, having
done so by his death. God consecrated his Son,
Christ. " He takes away sins, He destroys the
impurities." Christ takes away sins by conquering
them in the flesh ; and by dwelling in the flesh for
us He destroyed the impurities inherited from our
"Tormentors who make preparations for the
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 217
torments and the execution, they follow Osiris, do
not let them seize me, do not let me fall into their
furnaces. I know the name of the Oppressor who
is among them in the dwelling of Osiris, withstand
me those who are on their altars, for I am the
servant of the Supreme Lord." Here, I find, is
where. Paul, the founder of the Roman Church, got
his belief in torments, furnaces, in other words, the
purgatory horrors of the belief of the Roman
Church, which they say are the attributes of God,
whom Christ told us was the only Good. " There
is no one good but God." Luke xviii : 19. " Truth
the word of Osiris against his foes." So Truth, the
words of Christ, will be the witnesses against his
foes. " The good being whose word is Truth
eternally." Christ has told us that God alone is
good and that his words are eternal, being Truth.
Matt, xxvii. " Heaven and earth shall pass away,
but my words shall not pass away."
" I am Horus, the heir, on the day of rising, I am
Anubis on the day of reckoning, it is I, I am Osiris."
Horus, prophesy of Christ, who is the heir ; and
Christ will judge us on the day of rising; it is
Christ who is the Spirit of God.
" Do not utter the (two) names of the Great God,
218 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
one of which is Messenger." One name is Mes-
senger Christ was God's Messenger to this earth ;
the other name was the name of God which the
Hebrews did not titter.
" Horus destroys the opposition made to Thoth."
Jesus destroys the opposition made to Truth.
" The men are ignorant of his name ; He is
yesterday, He who sees millions of years is his
name. Is looked at as the Lord of eternity, he is
the Solar Eye, an egg to which is given life among
you. He is Horus for millions of years. Nothing
bad against him is brought forth by the rebels.
One could not find any (other) opener of the gates
of the sky. He is the child who treads the path of
yesterday. He is to-day from generations to gen-
erations. He is the one who combines the millions
of years for you who are or will be in Heaven, on
earth, South, North, West, East, . . . He de-
termined the earth, determined the births. . .
He is a Great God who formed himself in yesterday.
He organized his actions with his own hands. No
one knows the Osiris N. but he knows himself. . .
Master of his throne, and passes onwards by the
road he opened, throwing down every evil principle."
Here indeed is a full prophecy of Christ, and
INFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 219
Moses undoubtingly knew this prophecy as he was
taught in the highest schools in Egypt, from his
infancy to the time that he left the palace of
Pharaoh to join the children of Israel. And to a
woman Moses owed, by the grace of God, not only
his life, but his education.
" I am your Master's son. You are mine, by my
father." Christ was the son of God in. the Spirit,
and Christ said when on this earth, " This is the
Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which
he hath given me, I should lose nothing." John vi.
John x. " My sheep hear my voice. My Father
which gave them me, is greater than all."
" May I be safe, as thou art safe thyself, who
revealest thyself." So we pray, that we may be
safe with Christ ; in whom was revealed the Spirit
of God, and who revealed himself to us. " If you
repel me from the place of regeneration, do not let
this evil principle take hold of me, do not let me be
repelled." And so we still pray.
" I am Turn, the maker of heaven, the Creator
of the beings issuing from the earth."
Here I see that God made heaven, and all things
living, issuing from the earth.
" The gods rejoice at my sight, at my going out
220 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
of the womb, sacred when I am brought forth by
my mother Nut." This, I think, refers to the birth
of Christ, the gods, or the good, will rejoice at the
sight of Christ, at his birth in the human body. He
will be sacred when the earth brings him forth, He
will be born of an earth-born being.
*" I am the woman, the light in darkness, I come,
I light darkness that becomes an illumination."
The woman is the Virgin Mary, the Egyptians
could only prophesy that she would come, and by
the birth of Jesus she lights darkness, that through
Christ became an illumination. The word " Hail,"
which is repeated so often in the Book of the Dead,
we find copied in the Roman Church, also the idea,
" Under the foliage of the tree of Hathor." When
in Egypt I was shown a very old tree which I was
told was the tree under which, or tinder the foliage
of which, the Virgin and Child rested in their flight
" All the generations on the earth are judged,
the inhabitants in On bend their head before me.
I am their Lord, I prevail for millions of years."
All the generations on this earth will be judged by
Christ, all will bend the head before Christ, He is
their Lord. We also have here the idea of the
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 221
millennium, the reign of Christ on this earth, and
that He will prevail for millions of years.
" I am Rd going out of the heavenly abyss, that
is to say the Divine soul." Christ is to go out of
the heavenly abyss, that is, out of eternity which has
no end, and as He is to come to this earth from God,
He will come a Divine soul to his human body.
" My nest is not seen, my egg is not pierced."
Christ's grave will not be seen, his body will not
" I stretch out my arms to Osiris. I walk as a
messenger. I come to say, let me pass, I have an
order." In Psalms Ixviii. we have, " Ethiopia shall
soon stretch out her hands unto God," and Christ
came to tell us as a messenger what God wished us
to believe and do.
" I went my way, I am similar to you." Christ
told us He was the way, and in human nature He
was similar to us.
" I open because they opened to me, to my soul
that comes from me." Christ opens heaven to
those who open their hearts to him, for the soul
comes from heaven, and the soul is of God, there-
" Do not imprison my soul, that I may see the
222 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
Great God in his Naos on the day of judging the
.souls." This, certainly, is Christian, for the soul
desires to see God on the day of judgment.
"I being the inkstand, my hands hold Truth's
books ; the mysterious archives of the gods. I am
a scribe in virtue of what I wrote." The books of
Truth, the mysterious works of God.
Revelation xx. " And I saw the dead, small and
great, stand before God, and the books were opened ;
and another book was opened, which is the book of
life, and the dead were judged out of those things
which were written in the books, according to their
works." The word " scribes " we find repeatedly
in the Bible.
" I am one of Hathor's servants." I am the ser-
vant of Christ, as we say now.
" There is a snake on the front of this mountain,
it is thirty cubits long, and ten wide and three
cubits in its fore part which is of hard stone. I
know the name of this snake that is on its mountain.
He who is in its own flame is its name. When after
the duration of the sun, in its declining, its eyes are
on ReL" I ask, Can this be the great Sphinx in
Egypt, near Cairo ? It is true that it is not in the
shape of a snake, but it may have contained be-
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 223
tweeii the foreparts an altar to a snake, and an idol
of a snake cut in hard stone, and we know not what
was burned there, but a sacred fire may have been
kept burning there, burning around the emblem of
the snake which was an idol. And when the sun
rises the eyes of the great Sphinx are not on the
pyramids but from them the pyramids are death
and the rising sun is life. The snake we have from
Moses in Genesis as representing an evil to man-
"Veil thy head." We have Moses with his face
veiled on his return from the mountain ; and to veil
the face, we have all through the Bible, as showing
that mankind cannot look upon God.
'/ For every cultivation is use on earth, since the
earth exists by the order of the great God." This is
Christian, and Moses, of course, knew these words
and must have taught them to the Israelites, also
that every cultivation is of use ; we should not for-
get cultivation of the mind and soul included.
" Allow me to see what happens to thy eyes as
thou seeth it." We must first cast out the beam out
of our own eye so as to see clearly to cast out the
mote out of our brother's eye. Also, let me see as
thou seeth, as all things appear to Thee.
224 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
" The hog is ati abomination to Horus." So it
was to the Hebrews whom Moses had taught.
"If you love those who are acquainted with you,
love me." We have this so, " If you love not your
brother whom you have seen, how can you love God
whom you have not seen."
" He is a god in. his son, is constituted by his
father." We say God' was in his son Christ, He was
appointed by his Father.
"I am the image of the eye of Horus." The true
I, the soul, is the image of God.
" I am the great One who makes his light, I arrive
near thee, adored on account of my purity." The
Great one is God who makes the light. He arrives
near us in the person of Christ who brought spirit-
ual light to us, and whom we adore on account of
In the Book of the Dead of Egypt if we read
chapter cxxv. we can see where Moses got his com-
mands which he gave to the children of Israel.
In the Book of the Dead, the soul stands before the
Great God of Truth, and names the sins which he did
not do, which are these : he harmed no man ; he did
not make his relatives or companions unhappy ; he
did no vile action ; he had no acquaintance with evil ;
REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS. . 225
he did no evil ; there was not by his fault a fearful,
a poor, or a suffering, or a wretched one ; he did not
cause the slave to be misused by his master ; he did
not cause any one to be hungry, or to weep ; he did
not kill ; he did not utter a lie to any man ; he did
not commit any shameful act ; he did not overcharge
or lessen supplies ; he did not take away the milk
from the mouth of the stickling; he is pure, pure,
Now I turn to the chapters in Leviticus, xviii.,
xix. and xx. It is the Lord who speaks unto
Moses, Moses is to speak unto the children of Israel.
They were not to do as the masses of the people did
in Egypt. Here let me remind the reader that the
masses of the people in Egypt were kept in gross
ignorance and worshiped idols ; while the priests
who taught Moses were above superstitions, and
worshiped the God of their souls, as shown in the
Book of the Dead from which I have taken the
From Moses we have : " Ye shall fear every man
his mother and father."
" In the harvest of the land, thou shalt leave for
the poor and the stranger."
" Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither
226 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
He one to' another ; thou shalt not defraud thy
neighbor, nor rob him ; the wages of him that is
hired shall not abide with thee all night until the
morning. Ye shall do no unrighteousness. Thou
shalt not go up and down as a tale bearer among
thy people. Thou shalt not hate thy brother.
Thou shalt not avenge."
The idea of an atonement Moses undoubtingly
brought from Egypt. The atonement between man
and man is a good law, but God is not man and no
atonement can be made to God. It is a heathen
idea, that their offended god must be appeased by a
gift the same as a wrathful man on earth is appeased
by a gift.
Moses also says, " Do not cause thy daughter to
commit fornication." I pause here to mention the
woman taken in adultery (John viii.), whom the
scribes and Pharisees took before Jesus when He
was teaching the people in the temple. And they
say to Jesus, " Moses in the law commanded us that
such should be stoned." There is a law in Deuter-
onomy which says both the man and the woman
shall be put to death ; this law the scribes and
Pharisees have willingly forgotten, and they ask
Jestis, " But what sayest thou ?" But Jesus stooped
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 227
down and with his finger wrote on the ground as
though He heard them not. Now what was it that
Jesus wrote on the ground ? Was it this law which
says that both man and woman should be stoned ?
or was it the words which Jesus spoke, " He that is
without sin among you, let htm first cast a stone at
her ?" or was it that these men were the children of
Satan, that they had not risen or evolved from ani-
mal into mankind ? Whatever it was, the reproach
was wholly to the men, for when they heard the
words of Jesus they were convicted by their own
conscience, and went out one by one, beginning at
the eldest even unto the last. What a terrible
record of these scribes and Pharisees who were
proud of their moral worth, who were ready to
stone the woman whom they themselves had caused
to sin. And we read that Jesus forgave the woman,
" Neither do I condemn thee, go, and sin no more,"
but we do not read that Jesus forgave the men.
In the Book of the Dead we have, " Regard not
them that have familiar spirits." Leviticus xix.
Moses tells us, "Regard not them that have fa-
" Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment,
in mete-yard, in weight, or in measure," " Ye shall
228 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
not commit adultery." These same laws are in
Leviticus, and many more given to the children of
Israel, which prove how low and degraded, how
animal were mankind in those days, and how hard
it was for Moses to raise the race who had once
been slaves in. Egypt for so many years, to the high
standard that Moses himself had been taught and
reared up to in that same land of Egypt.
" Now, I find a chapter in the Book of the Dead
which reminds me of a Canticle in the Prayer Book
of the Episcopal Church. The invocation in the
Book of the Dead begins every verse with "O,"
so does the Prayer Book in the Benedicite : " O ye
angels of the Lord," and so on through the Canticle.
The Egyptian, ' O the Stridor gone out of On, I did
not do evil," and so on through the Invocation in
which are many Christian virtues, such as, " He
won God on his side by his love, he gave bread to
the hungry, water to the thirsty, garments to the
naked, he comes, he goes tip, he ascends, he con-
" Is opened Heaven, Is opened earth. He opened
the gates, let pass the porches of R through which
he goes out of the horizon. He dispels the clouds
of Seb by the light, He is satisfied when he directs
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 229
the great ones toward him, with the small ones."
Christ has opened the gates of heaven, though He
has passed from our horizon. He dispels the clouds
from our minds, and Isaiah liii. says, " He shall see
of the travail of his soul and shall be satisfied."
" He is not repelled from the horizon for he is R&
and Osiris. He is not stopped in his long travel,
for his personality is in the personality of Ra", who
is in the bosom of Osiris N. hearing his words, when
he adores R&, the master of the horizon, and Osiris
the residing in the West. Hail, thou, who purifiest
the 'men, Thou arrivest proclaiming the truth. He,
the Osiris N., is the double lion, he proclaims the
protections that are iri him at the end of the great
house, and thou listenest to him. He carries the
Truth for thousands of years. The Truth is ex-
alted, it follows. its Lord, making adoration to the
master above everything, the human beings make
adoration to him as to a being always standing up,
never resting. R exalts him." Christ is not re-
pelled, for He is God and man ; his Spirit is not
stopped in the soul of mankind, for the personality
of man's soul is in the personality of Christ who is
in the bosom of God. Jesus, in the parable of the
rich man and Lazarus, speaks of the soul of Lazarus
230 REFLECTIONS OH MOSES.
after the death of the body as being in " Abraham's
bosom." Christ then in the bosom of God hears the
words of the soul of man when man adores God ;
Christ is the Master of the horizon and residing in
the West. We have been told in the Book of the
Dead that the West meant the future of the Egyp-
tians. The horizon must also have meant what
they could not see beyond the horizon of their time
on this earth, also their belief that in the future, to
them, Christ was to come to this earth. We do not
know anything about the life of Jesus between his
childhood and his ministry ; we do not know if he
returned to Egypt or if He did not do so. He may,
therefore, have gone and studied the highest beliefs
there, himself bringing us such higher knowledge ;
in any way we know that He has told iis to hear
Moses and we know that Moses studied the highest
religious beliefs in Egypt. Luke xvi. "If they
hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they
be persuaded though one rose from the dead." We
also know that Christ in his human body received
the Spirit of God visibly at his baptism. I am here
quoting the Bible account. Christ purified man-
kind, and He arrived proclaiming the Truth, and
Christ is the Lion of the tribe of Judah, and pro-
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 231
claimed the protection of God for himself, being the
1 last of the house of David, and those who are saved
listened to Him. Christ carries the Truth for
thousands of years. The Truth is exalted, it fol-
lows its Lord making adoration to the Master
above ever) T thing. The human beings make adora-
tion to Him as to a being always standing up.
Stephen said when dying, " I see the heavens open
and Jesus standing at the right hand of God." Also,
always standing up, never resting, means ready to
help at all times. God exalts Christ.
" The viper Mehen is a series of a million of years
in extent from Our to Nifern. The basin of mil-
lions of years, all the gods are floundering about in
it. The God who divided the words makes there
his way of millions of years, a Lord without any
equal, whose way is in the fire, one moves through
a fire when coming behind him."
I see in this the following : The serpent, or evil,
or sin, whom we call Satan, has power on this earth
in series of different evils to last for millions of
years ; Christ who divides the evil from the good by
his words, makes his way or reign in the good for
. millions. of years a Lord without any equal, who
will destroy evil as with a fire. We move on
232 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
through a fire of evil and suffering in following 1
Christ, for He conquered by passing through a fire
" I am the Lion born of a Cow." I am the Lion
of the tribe of Judah, the highest born man, the
spiritual man ; born of the animal mankind. The
deceased shines in heaven in Habenben, that is re-
joicing ; its inhabitants gather all together uttering
acclamations in the naos." The soul of the right-
eous shines in Heaven ; the angels of God rejoice
over a soul redeemed.
In the Book of the Dead, Egyptian, in Chapters
cxli. and cxlii., I find what is very much like the
number of Saints who are addressed by prayer
in the Roman Church ; they have passed over the
simple, pure teachings of Jesus, and from the Egyp-
tians they have added to their Church what Christ
rejected. . Alas ! man has not yet risen to a higher
plane, he cannot yet live without these idols.
" A great voice is heard at the horizon. Pay
attention you ! Bow down and take care to pre-
pare a good way for your Lord the Osiris N." A
great voice is to be heard in the future ; future to
the Egyptians ; pay attention you who will hear it_
ON MOSES. 233
in the future, bow down and prepare a way for
your Lord, Christ.
" I am the great bull, the son of the Whole among
you, bearing witness in behalf of his father ; having
made wholesome the liquid in which he is. I
brought life to the eternal living one, I have made
the way, I am Rd." Christ is the great strength,
the son of man among mankind bearing witness to
God, having made the descendants of animals
wholesome by living in a human body whose life is
in the blood ; Christ brought life to the soul of men,
arid made the life of the soul eternal, Christ made
the way for us to heaven by his spirit which was of
In chapter cxlviii. in the Book of the Dead,
Egyptian, we have the monthly festivals ; from this,
no doubt, the Roman Church copied its Church
festivals. In this same chapter we have, " The in-
troduction of the mysteries of Aker ; the entering
the mysterious Valley, the entrance of which is not
known." This is our valley of the shadow of
" Do not let this be seen by any man, but the
King and the Kherheb. Do not let it be seen, by
a slave going or coming (this book) shall make
234 itEFtKGTlONS ON MOSES.
known to him what happened at the beginning
Let it be seen only by Thee, and the one who
taught it to Thee. Do not make about it numerous
commentaries supplied by thy imaginations or
memory." Here we have a knowledge of how
Moses learned what happened at the beginning of
this earth, as he has written it in the first chapter
of Genesis ; Moses was in Egypt as the King's son,
and taught by the highest teachers as a King's son.
He did not make about the book of Genesis numer-
ous commentaries supplied by his imaginations.
Therefore he does not state more plainly what he
must have known better than any one else, that the
book of Genesis reveals 'evolution from the first
germs of life up to the perfect man, Christ, in whom
the Spirit of God could dwell in perfect power.
Here I would say that many Churches have made
numerous commentaries supplied by their imagin-
ations on the Christian religion, which was given to
us in its pure simplicity by Christ himself. There
is not one but what has done so, the Roman Church
having done so to the extent of hiding Christ.
" Gods painted green in a picture shall be placed
offerings before them of incense." In how many
Churches do we find Saints painted in a picture, and
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 235
incense offered before them, with many other
things as offerings.
" I disposed the red crown on the forehead of the
pure spirit that makes live the human ones by the
flame of his mouth, that rescues R& from Apap and
that is eternalty living." This prophesies the red
crown of thorns, red with blood, placed on the fore-
head of Christ, for Christ was the pure Spirit that
came to make the human ones live by the words of
his mouth, and who rescue man from sin, and
Christ is eternally, living-.
" O this very high mountain in the Netherworld
on which rests heaven, which is three hundred
cubits high, and thirty cubits wide ! Upon it is a
snake named Sati, that is seventy cubits in length,
and lives upon the slaughtering of the shades and
dead in the Netherworld. I stay in thy inclosure,
I see the only One in thee. I am the male whom
thou surrounded. Rd gives me my eyes, which
dread the animal that moves upon its belly. Thou
comest by thy strength." I find that this means
the following : the high mountain we find often
mentioned in the Bible, and the word cubits. In
Genesis we find fifteen cubits upwards did the
waters prevail, and the mountains were covered,
236 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
also the ark rested upon the mountain of Ararat.
This means the very highest mountain in the
world, upon which rests the heaven of the Egyptians,
and God's blessing on all in the ark, and means
heaven; also the mountain named heaven may
mean the garden of Eden. Now, in Eden was a
snake, named by us Satan, and according to our
version lives upon killing souls of. mankind in the
Netherworld, as we say, in hell. The inclosure in
which we try to stay is the knowledge and protec-
tion of God through Christ, and we see the Only
One, that is God, by Christ and in Christ, and
Christ is the one whom God surrounded with his
Now in Revelation we have, " A great mountain
burning with fire which was cast into the sea,"
also that " the seven heads are seven mountains,"
which we say represent the City of Rome in Italy.
" The snake Betuk, thy teeth are broken, and
thou vomitest thy venom ; thou shalt not come
against me, thou shalt not dart thy venom against
me to throw me down inert ; harmless is thy poison
in this country." The teeth of sin are broken. O,.
death, where is thy sting ? In Revelation we have,
" The serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood
INFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 237
after the woman," "And the earth helped the
woman, and the earth opened her mouth and swal-
lowed up the flood which, the dragon cast out of his
mouth." Harmless is Satan to us in heaven, Satan
and sin cannot enter heaven or harm us there.
" Do not fish me with your nets with which you
fish, in order to destroy them, those who walk on
earth." In Ecclesiastes we have this : " For man
also knoweth not his time, as the fishes that are
taken in an evil net."
" Save me in thee, that I may not be putrefied,
like every animal, like every reptile, that is decom-
posed at the going out of his soul after death, and
that diminishes after being decomposed. His form
would get putrefied and turn into numerous worms
if it were not made for it that Shu's eye pass through
it. The same would be dead absolutely, but for the
Truth which I set in their belly." Here we have
the death of the body, the same now as then. The
Egyptians, knowing that when the soul leaves the
body the flesh decomposes and diminishes to noth-
ing. And we would be dead absolutely were it not
that the true / is the soul, that lives in the body of
"Each of these winds at its passage is, for the
238 BEFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
functions of the deceased. It arrives at his nostrils.
No one knows what makes them move, that is a
mystery. Common people are ignorant of this chap-
ter, do not show it to any man, but thy father, thy
son, and thyself. That is the true mystery which is
known by no man anywhere." Here let me say that
the mystery of the winds, north, south, west, east,
is still a mystery, and is still life at our nostrils;
Christ has told us that we hear the sound thereof
but cannot tell where they come from, or where they
go. And the Egyptian mysteries in their religion,
which the common people were not to know, were
carried by Moses out of Egypt, and he made mys-
teries in their religion which were hid by the veil of
the temple, so that the people who worshiped in
the temple were kept in ignorance of those myster-
ies. No doubt that_the people who had been slaves
for so long a time needed to be kept in ignorance
and they loved mysteries ; but Christ who rent the
veil of the temple, and who taught the common peo-
ple when He was on earth, and refused to teach
those who were expected to .know by their learning,
such as the scribes and Pharisees, has in so doing
told us that as the " common people heard Him
gladly," there a.re to be. no more hidden mysteries ;
REFLECTIONS ON MOSES. 239
all are to learn, to search for the Truth, to think out
their own salvation with fear and trembling.
" Free thyself from the soul of the one with the
terrible face who takes possession of the hearts ;
fire bursts out of his mouth to taste the souls, come
deliver thy flame." Free thyself from Satan, who
takes possession of the hearts with the glory of this
earth, sjrch as Satan tempted Jesus with. Fire com-
ing from the mouth of Satan to eat souls is the
Roman Church idea, as the old paintings in the buy-
ing ground at Pisa, Italy, show to be their belief.
And come deliver thy soul, which the Roman Church
also represents by a flame or tongue of fire over the
head of the persons in the painting.
In the Book of the Dead we also find this expres-
sion : " There is in one the image of God." This is
what Moses meant in Genesis that in man was the
image of God, and not man's animal body, as some
in these days still believe it to be the image of God.
The time will come when ministers, clergymen,
and priests, these various shepherds of various
flocks, will have to change the dogmas of their
Churches, for evolution is slow but sure ;, it cannot
be stopped by man, be he minister, clergyman or
priest, for evolution is caused by the Spirit of God
240 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
moving on the mind of man. Science seems to be
doubtful about what they call " spurts," that is a
sudden change in nature ; however there comes what
seems to us a sudden change to a man's mind, that is
a sudden new light, a sudden new understanding of
a thing ; he sees it in a new and clear light, but if he
will reflect upon this change he will see that it is not
sudden but a gradual evolution in his mind, thoughts
and convictions. So it is in religion, Christ came to
tell us that it must be so, and He reproaches those
who should have advanced and have not done so.
" Art thou a Master in Israel, and knowest not these
things ? A Master is a teacher, they are the ones to
know these things, and to teach them to the people ;
if they do not do so, then by degrees the people will
evolve themselves and in spiritual things they will
be the teachers. All things evolve, and, as the body
in shape has ceased to evolve, the evolution must go
on in the mind, for the Spirit of God still 'moves
upon the face of the waters,
14EFLKOTIONS ON MOSES. 241
TO THE READER.
And, now, Reader, if you will open your Bible,
you will see on the very first page of Genesis, evolu-
tion ; it is written there as plainly as in any scien-
tific book. You will see the first appearance of
what contained life on this earth, and its evolution
up to man. And you will also see what causes
evolution. It is the Spirit of God moving on the
face of the waters, in other words, the force or power
of God. From the water, then, came the first germs
of life ; it was, as Science has told us, very gradual,
for a thousand years in God's sight are as a day.
The Spirit of God still moves upon the mind of man,
very gradually, as the mind of man is weak in God's
sight. Also the mind of man resists the Spirit of
God, besides as Christ said they cannot bear all the
wonderful knowledge at once.
If you, Reader, are among those who oppose and
oppress scientific men, do not forget that we have
been told that the Spirit of God will not always
strive with men. If what Science tells us is not
24:2 REFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
from God, it will come to naught ; but if it is from
God, you are fighting and resisting the Spirit of God
and it will be you, not the Spirit, that will come to
naught, for you cannot fight against God. Are we
not to advance in knowledge because those who are
shepherds of Christ's flocks prefer to remain in the
past ? and are unwilling to see advancement in
knowledge, because it is more comfortable and easy
to them to hold to the dogmas of those who lived
years ago than to search for more truths in spirit-
ual things ; they go in the deep ruts made smooth
by their great-grandfathers, and they walk in these
old ruts contented, because they feel safe and com-
fortable. They have not rubbed the ruts smooth
themselves, they have no responsibility, they are
not obliged to think cut anything, that is, they think
they are not obliged to do so. But they stand as
shepherds to flocks, only placed there so as to think
out spiritual things, with the example of Christ their
Master before them, who took his life in his hand
when He went single and alone and told the priest
in Jerusalem that the rut which they were smoothly
walking in was unsafe, untrue, and not of God, that
it was leading them to evil and not to good. Was
it easy, comfortable and smooth for Christ our
REFLECTIONS ON MOSKS. . 243
Master? Can any onward, upward advance in
spiritual knowledge be comfortable ? Who has re-
tarded the kingdom of God, but those who oppose
knowledge. Why have not the people been told of
the greater spiritual knowledge, the same as Christ
told the people when on this earth ? Is it because
the shepherds do not wish trouble, or to be made
uncomfortable; it is so easy to teach what. the
grandfathers have told us to teach, if we believe it
or not. Yet we read, " Begin at my Sanctuary."
Those who have believed the shepherds without
thinking for themselves, are not so much responsi-
ble as the shepherds, but both will be judged, we are
Will it then be smooth, comfortable, easy for those
who have resisted the Spirit of God, when that
Spirit moved upon the mind of man, and when the
retribution comes, and begins at God's Sanc-
Also I claim that nothing which is created by God
can fall, or sin, or fail. No temptation of Satan or
sin can overpower or conquer it. Witness the
Spirit of God in Christ, which withstood the tempta-
tion of evil in the desert which was all the tempta-
tion ever pressed upon mankind.
244 BKFLECTIONS ON MOSES.
. Therefore man in his animal body was not made
in the image of God he was made of a brute beast
in the body, the soul alone being the Image of
REFLECTIONS ON G. W. DE TUNZEL
MANN'S ELECTRICITY IN
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
Have we electricity in onr bodies, or does it only
pass through us ? On a cold day, if we walk quickly
over a carpet and touch a metal, we see and hear
and feel a spark of fire, which we say is electricity.
We sleep in a cold room and the woolen material
that covers us, when touched or shaken, crackles
with sparks which burn its. A woolen shawl with
long, woolen fleece does more than crackle, for in
the dark it has, if we pass our hand over it, not only
sparks but short flames of light which follow our
fingers. If we brush our hair in cold weather, it
stands straight up as stiff as wires, and cracks when
turned down. On a cold day we are strong and can
walk miles with ease ; we take in the oxygen from
the air as we breathe, and we have electricity with-
Science tells us that silk and glass rubbed with
sealing-wax or resin, either attract or repulse elec-
tricity, and that a flannel object retains electricity
248 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
and will attract and repel. Wax is from a bee, a
live bee ; resin is from a tree ; silk from the silk-
worm ; all these must be alive to make the wax,
the resin, the silk. Science tells us that electrifying
a body adds a certain something to it, and that
electrifying it negatively takes the same amount of
that something from it. Science also says that we
know absolutely nothing of what electricity really
is, yet we say that when electricity takes place,
something occurs like the transference of an incom-
pressible liquid from one place to another^ Science
also says that if the electrical machine is to continue
to give a supply of electricity, its rubber must be in
connection with the earth. It is also not deter-
mined about the direction or the flow, and we are
totally ignorant of the velocity of the flow.
We would ask what metals are in the earth.
Electricity, we are told, is made of solutions of
potash, sulphuric acid, zinc, carbon, and also iron
wire. We are told if enough electricity is used,
heat is developed.
Electricity is life, but not our bodily life, though
we live by it as we also live by oxygen ; not only
mankind, but everything in which there is life on
the earth also lives by it. Too much of either wilt
EEFLEOTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 24$
kill the life of our bodies, but not the true life with-
in us, which is the life of bur souls. It is not every
one that can live on high mountains ; the air is too
rarefied for some lungs ; powerful electricity is
deadly to our bodies, but God's agent is electricity ;
by it work the sun, the earth, the planets, the stars,
earthquakes, cyclones, storms ; by it lives every-
thing that is made of earth ; everything that touches
or grows on this earth ; everything that owes its
birth to the laws of this earth.
Our souls are electricity, such is their life, such is
the nature of God. No one in the flesh can see
God and live, the flesh would die by an electric
flash, the same as by a lightning flash when it
strikes. If we get the electricity which is in us
from the earth, it is because we are made of earth,
and because the same metals which are in the
earth are in us and connect us by electricity to the
earth. Our bones are composed of minerals and
phosphate of lime ; in our bodies we have common
salt and iron, also sulphur, potash, carbon and soda,
and phosphorus in the brain tissue. All these we
get from the earth in various ways. All these
minerals are used in medicines to restore our bodies
to health. Now, if phosphate comes from volcanic
250 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
rocks of the earth, and, decaying, passes into the
soil, from thence to plants, wheat, corn and oats,
and if animals, eating these things, get phosphate
in their systems, and if mankind eating both
animals, wheat, corn and oats, also get this phos-
phate, which, we are told, is a faint light without
heat, and if phosphate makes the brain tissue, then
phosphate is, we say, part of electricity. Elec-
tricity, which can give great light, is the life of this
world, the life of all in the world, and the life of
our souls. Our souls, which are only connected
with our brains, are light, and this light was strong
in Jesus ; by being so, He was the Light of this
world, light to otir minds and souls. Having in us
the metals which are in the earth, we are so con-
nected with the earth from which we spring, that
we are drawn by electricity to it, and our bodies in
the flesh return, to the earth. " Dust thou art and
to dust thou shalt return." Genesis iii : 19.
Electricity draws us and all things to the earth, it
is the magnet called gravitation. Oxygen gives us
life. Of a very cold, dry day, when the air is full
of oxygen, so are we full of it, and also full of elec-
tricity and strength ; we can walk, run, almost fly,
with beautiful health rushing through our bodies
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 251
of clay. Great oxygen and electricity are the life of
our souls. The electricity which attracts or repels,
in wax, resin, silk and wool, all comes from the
earth ; it comes through the life of the bee, the tree
and the silkworm ; it lives in the sheep, and the
grass which the sheep live on. The electricity
made by the minerals taken from the earth, also
comes from the life of the earth, and the life of this
earth is electricity.
The certain something which Science cannot ex-
plain, but which it tells us electricity adds to a thing,
is simply the substance which makes intensity of
life, such as our souls are made of. It is such in-
tense life that it can move inanimate objects, as
Science shows, but it passes off when electrified
negatively, because, where it does not find life it
cannot remain ; it is, as Science says, like an incom-
pressible liquid, and we know nothing of the direc-
tion or velocity of the flow. No, we cannot, for we
know not now the direction or the velocity of the
flow of the true life, the life of our souls. Electric-
ity certainly comes from the earth, through all
things which have any amount of life, or the least
amount of life ; it is life, but a life of which we can
hold but a small amount. We and the earth cannot
252 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
live without heat, and electricity gives heat. The
loadstone is made of iron metal and gas oxygen.
If we have the same metal in us, and we know we
have oxygen, then, as the earth is full of this min-
eral, we are attached to it by its large loadstones ;
all on the earth are so attached, drawn down by the
earth. Science tells us that magnetism will change
a body or thing magnetized. The cures which
Jesus made were done by magnetism, or, rather,
electricity ; but we will speak of them further
Science tells us that the current of magnets will
flow round like the hands of a watch. We believe,
then, that electricity flows round the earth or the
earth revolves on its axis by electricity. Electricity,
then, is the life in the world and the heavens.
Science tells us that when work is done upon a body
by electricity, that the body is afterwards capable
of doing the same amount of work which has been
done on it. We read in a Book which we insist
has as much right to be believed as any historical
book written years ago, that when the leper said
to Jesus, " If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean,"
Jesus put forth his hand and touched him, saying,
" I will, be thou clean," and the leper was cleansed.
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 253
When Jesus was in Peter's house, he saw his
wife's mother sick of a fever, and he touched her
hand, and the fever left her. Now, we also say, that
as Jesus cured by electricity, he gave the electricity
to the body and it did the work of curing the body.
As Jesus was the perfection of mankind, and had all
the knowledge of the natural powers of this earth,
he had them .at his command. Therefore, at his
command, electricity worked, as we do know now
though but faintly. He also cured without a touch
of his hand, but by the touch of electricity, that in-
compressible liquid, as Science calls it. Jesus cured
the centurion's servant at Capernaum. The centu-
rion tells us that he understands the power of
Jesus over nature, for he says, " Speak the word
only and my servant shall be healed, because I am
under authority," that is, I have authority and so
hast thou. . " I have soldiers under me " so had
Jesus powers like electricity which He could work
and command as soldiers. " Go, come, and do this,"
and the centurion adds, " he doeth it."
In the same way Jesus brought the calm to the
waves which arose by a tempest. Science tells us
that electricity attracts and repels according to the
flow of the current. Electricity is life, not the life
254 KEFLECTIONS ON KLECTETCITY.
in us, but the life of this world. We believe Jesus
to be man in his human body such as we are, but
so far above mankind that in Him could dwell all
this knowledge which was given to Him by God,
given to Him to show us the way back to God as we
knew it not ourselves. Jesus has told us that we
ourselves can do as He did, had we the faith to gain
the knowledge from God, by our minds and souls.
The energy derived from the sun is electricity
and it gives its intense light and heat the same way
as our small electricity. Our earth is filled with
electricity, and the earth and the sun repel and
attract each other. We have been studying " Elec-
tricity in Modern Life," by G. W. De Turizelmann.
He says that in the middle ages the magnet was
used as a power to cure all ills. We wish to say
that we do not mean that such is the way that
Jesus cured the sick ; we mean that the electricity
passed from Jesus himself, or through Him into the
person or thing which was corrected or made
straight by the electricity. Also we read in the same
book that, " The first suggestion of an electric tele-
graph was made in an anonymous letter published
in a magazine, signed with the letters ' C. M.,' and
that the author's reason for concealing his identity
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 255
was the fear of being regarded as a magician by his
neighbors." As this was in 1753, we think it may
have been a woman. The fear of giving her full
name we can well understand, for a woman had
many things to fear in giving any thought what-
ever to the world then.
We also see in this fact that the power of work-
ing new and strange things, which rests in electric-
ity, is like magic, and magic means sorcery to
those who do not understand the power of electric-
ity. The cures of Jesus were in those days attrib-
uted to magic or sorcery by those who were his
enemies. Matthew xii : 24. " But when the Phari-
sees heard it they said, This fellow doth not cast out
devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils."
In our study we also read, " The electrical phe-
nomena presented by the tissues of the living animal
body, obscure as the subject is, deserve a brief
mention, especially as electricity is now so largely
Used in the treatment of various diseased condi-
tions." We would say that to Jesus these things
were not obscure ; He knew the animal body, and
saw and knew how to use electricity in the cures
which He made. Electricity being in us, and in all
things, He could connect the great flow of it, which
256 REFLECTIONS OUT KLECTEIOITV.
passed through his body, to the flow in the patient's
body, just enough to cure and less than would kill.
To explain how light is made by electricity, we
refer you to the book we have studied. But we
have something more to say from the very old Book
which we have also studied. When Moses, with the
message which God had given him, came down
from the high mountain where he had been for
some time, in air full of oxygen, which is life and
electricity, which is light, the face of Moses shone
so that Aaron and all the children of Israel were
afraid to come nigh him, and Moses had to wear a
veil over his face, until that light faded away.
So also we understand the Transfiguration of
Jesus, " And his face did shine as the sun, and his
raiment was white as the light." Jesus was on a
high mountain in oxygen and electricity from God.
Jesus was in contact with the souls of Moses and
Elias, souls of oxygen, strong life, and electricity,
strong white light the life and light from God
which, in its strength, would kill our bodies of flesh in
a moment. The bright cloud from which the voice
came saying, " This is my beloved Son, in whom
I am well pleased ; hear ye him," and which was so
KKF1.ECTTOKS ON ELECTRICITY. 257
bright, that the disciples fell on their faces and were
sore afraid, was also electricity and conveyed the
sound of the words to the disciples. We have taken
these accounts from Matthew, since Renan and
Strauss say that they consider the book of Matthew
the most reliable.
We must here say that our bodies, made of clay
and of earthly metals, are from the earth, and that
in the temptation given in Matthew, the devil said
to Jesus, when he showed him the kingdoms and
glories of this world, " All these things will I give
thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me." They
were things which were then in the power of the
devil to give, and they were things of this earth. We,
then, in the flesh are all evil and sin ; our souls
alone have light. The flesh is of the earth ; the
soul is electricity or light. Jesus was on a high
mountain ; by electricity he saw the glory of the
If we study the words of Christ, we shall find
the Christian religion to be this :
, '' Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the
kingdom of heaven."
It was John the Baptist who said, " Repent ye,
for the kingdom of heaven is at hand," He re-
258 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
f erred to the coming of Christ who was to tell us
what, the kingdom of heaven is.
Jesus tells us that many shall come from the
East and the West and will be with Abraham and
Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven ; but the
children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer
darkness. This has been understood to mean that
the Jews will be cast out of the kingdom, as they
refused to accept Christ. I see this differently ;
these words of Jesus are just after his interview
with the centurion at Capernaum ; this man had the
faith, or the belief from his inward convictions,
that Jesus had power over all the elements of
nature, electricity included. He had only to use
his power and the elements would obey him, the
same as the soldiers obeyed the command of a man
in authority. And those who come from the east
and the west and enter the kingdom of heaven, are
all nations, and creeds, who are not self -conceited,
or proud of themselves, or confident that they alone
understand God's will, but those who are humble
enough in their minds to know that they still have
much to learn in spiritual things.
So was the centurion of Capernaum ; he was a
man of authority, ordering and commanding- many-
REFLECTIONS ON" ELECTRICITY. 259
others, who obeyed him, believing- that he knew
more than they could know, yet the centurion felt
himself to be poor in spiritual things ; so he went
to beseech Jesus to use the power which he, the
centurion, was certain was the power of Jesus,
to cure his servant, simply by willing it to be
so, and by electricity which reaches to any dis-
Jesus also tells us that he who is least in the
kingdom of heaven is greater than John the Baptist,
who was the greatest of any who were born of
woman, that is of animal nature.
Those born in the kingdom of heaven are those
whose souls are spiritual. Jesus also tells us that
He spoke to the people in parables, because they
could not understand the mysteries or deep mean-
ing of the kingdom of spiritual things, they were not
willing to understand or to see what Jesus came to
tell them. They could do so if they wished to, but
they were not willing to do so. And many in these
days are in ignorance because they prefer to be in
ignorance ; they have eyes and see not, which I
understand to mean, they have minds and prefer
not to use them. They prefer to believe what is
told them by others of spiritual things, even if it
260 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
leads them into error, rather than think out these
things for themselves.
"Blessed are they that mourn for they shall tie
comforted." This mourning is not for self, but for
the wickedness of the world, which retards the
kingdom of God.
" Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the
earth." Meek means mild and gentle, as in Psalm
xxxiv. " What man is he that desireth life, and
loveth many days, that he may see good ? Keep thy
tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking
" Blessed are they that do hunger and thirst after
righteousness, for they shall be filled." Those who
desire to be righteous as ardently as those who
hunger for food.
" Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain
mercy." Mercy is tenderness toward an offender.
All who are born on this earth are offenders toward
God, from Him we will receive mercy as we give
" Blessed are the poor in heart, for they shall
see God." I find this to mean, Blessed are the
pure in mind, for in their minds they shall know
&EF LECTIONS ON ELEOTKIOITY. 261
" Blessed are the peacemakers, for. they shall be
called the children of God." This is plain to all.
" Blessed are they which are persecuted for right-
eousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."
Here, then, we have the words of Jesus showing
that all on this earth who try to reform mankind
from evil to good, will be persecuted ; for this earth
is Satan and Satan is evil, and evil will persecute
all who are good, and all who try to make others
good; So they did to Jesus, whose life here was
spent in trying to make the evil become good. We
cannot expect that it will be otherwise with us ;
but to us then will come the spiritual life, begun
here ; and never ending hereafter.
" Blessed are ye when men shall revile you, and
persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil
against you falsely, for my sake ; rejoice and be ex-
ceeding glad, for great is your reward in Heaven,
for so persecuted they the prophets which were
before you." Here I notice that Jesus says, " Blessed
are ye when men shall revile you and persecute
you." I understand this to mean that the descend-
ants of Satan in the flesh will revile and persecute
those in whom dwells the Spirit of God, those who
have knowledge from God ; those . who are great in
262 REFLECTIONS Otf ELECTRICITY*
Science ; those who advance in thought, the same ag
they reviled and persecuted Jesus. We must ex-
pect it, if we fight evil in the name of Christ, for so
persecuted were the prophets by the children of this
earth. The reward of the prophets was great in
heaven, so will be the reward of all who fight for
This world is Satan's, so is the flesh ; as Satan
persecuted Christ, he will persecute those who are
Christ's. And all who practise the virtues which
Christ has named are Christ's, no matter by what
name they are called on this earth, be it Jews,
Turks, Infidels, or Heretics, for if they are poor in
spirit, if they mourn over evil, if they are meek, if
they hunger for righteousness, if they are merciful,
if they are pure in heart, if they are peacemakers, if
they are persecuted for righteousness' sake, if they
are reviled for all these things, then they are
Christ's. Also, if they do not these evils named by
Jesus if they do not break the commandments, if
they do not kill, if they are not angry with their
brother without a cause, if they do not commit
adultery, if they do not have adultery in their hearts
and eyes, if they put away what is an offense in
their actions, if they do not put away their wife but
REFLECTIONS OW ELECTRICITY. 263
for the cause of fornication, if they do not swear by
God, or swear at all, if they return not evil for evil,
if they refuse not to help another, if they do not
hate their enemy, if they bless and do not curse, if
they pray for them who persecute them : whoso
doest these blessed things and keeps from doing
these evil things, are the children of God, and are
as Christ, therefore they are Christians in truth, be
they called Jews, Turks, Infidels or Heretics,, so
named by the Church dogmas of these days.
If they do not their alms to be seen of men, if they
do not pray as the hypocrites, if they can pray from
their heart and mind the Lord's Prayer, if in fasting
in any way, the fast is to God and not to man, if they
keep themselves clean in person as well as in mind,
" anoint thy head, wash thy face," if they lay not up
earthly treasures for the good of moth, and rust, and
thieves, if they think not on evil but on good, if they
try not to serve God and the world together and at
the same time, if they judge not others wrongly,
not forgetting that they will be judged the same,
if they do not behold the mote in their brother's
character and life, and remember the beam in their
own character and life, if they do not give to what
is only animal and of this earth, that which should
264: REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
only be given to God, which is their most pure and
most holy thoughts, their love, their deep respect,
their obedience, their worship, their prayers, their
life, for what is animal descends from dogs and
swine, they are not w.orthy of your best thoughts
and devotions, they will not understand you, and
will turn and rend you. We have right after this
the assurance of Christ that God is good and only
gives what is good. He says that if you who are
evil know how to give good gifts to your children,
how much more shall God give good gifts to them
that ask Him ; here then is what makes it impossible
that God can send evil to any one. We do wrong
to say when sorrow comes in any way that " it is
the inscrutable way of Providence." It is simply our
own ignorance in not understanding the right thing
to do, or not to do which brings sorrow or evil to
any one living.
The Jews, Turks, Infidels, are still Christ's if they
do what is right, and do not what is wrong ; if they
do to others as they would others should do to them.
And we shall know all who are Christ's by their
lives ; they cannot do much evil if in their hearts
there is no evil.
And now I would say a few words of the so-called
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
miracles of Jesus. I have already spoken of the
centurion of Capernaum and his faith ; I understand
faith to mean the power of understanding a thing,
and the centurion understood that Jesus had the
power of electricity within Him, and could use it to
cure all diseases. In this way He cured the mother
of Peter's wife who was sick of a fever ; here Jesus
touched her hand, and the electricity which passed
from Him to her, cured her.
In the tempest when Jesus was in the ship, He
used his power over the wind and the water by elec-
The two wild men who lived in tombs and who
knew who Jesus was when they saw Him, wer.e.men
without minds or souls. They were animals created
by Satan and possessed by Satan, who is the power of
evil, who had bound their souls and made them by do-
ing so to become only animal. We read in Matthew's
account that the herd of swine was a good way from
them, and the evil spirits in the two men asked Jesus
to suffer them to go away into the herd of swine.
By electricity they passed from the men to the
swine when Jesus willed them to do so. These evil
spirits were to leave this earth, they could live on
the earth only in what was animal created by Satan ;
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
they could not leave the earth but by the death of
some living' thing. They had not been able to kill
the. men, so when they entered the swine, they in
them, caused them to run into the sea, and perish
in the waters, and by the death of the animal life
those evil spirits were cast out of this world. Now
in Matthew's account we have that the evil spirits
possessed two men, in Mark and Luke, it is one man
and many devils, and also that the devils besought
Jesus not to command them to go out into the deep.
They did not wish to leave this earth and by the
death of animal life they were obliged to do so.
The two men in Matthew's account, I understand to
mean, the animal man and the spiritual man, two in
one, by the spiritual he knew Jesus, by the animal
the man was exceedingly fierce like any other animal
who could not be tamed, and who was dangerous to
the lives of men.
Jesus knew the thoughts of others by electricity,
by the same Jesus cured the daughter of Jairus.
We have the words of Jesus that she was not dead,
but sleeping, and we must believe his words ; she
was not dead but in a deep sleep which might be
taken for death, perhaps a trance, or catalepsy.
The woman who touched the garments of Jesus
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 267
was cured because she knew and believed, as her
words prove, that there was an unknown power in
Jesus which could be communicated by touch and
which could cure her. Jesus felt the electricity pass
from Him to the sick woman, for He asked, " Who
touched me ?" and the woman was cured.
Two blind men. These, when Jesus touched their
eyes, were cured by electricity.
The dumb man. He was supposed to be possessed
by a devil, but he was cured by Jesus. So was the
man with the withered hand, and by the electricity
In Matthew, we have these words of Jesus, " If I
by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your
children cast them out ? therefore, they shall be
your judge." By the word " devils " I understand
evils ; if the children of the Pharisees could cast out
evils, they could only do so by the good within them
and not by the evil within them. Therefore they
judged their parents who accused Jesus of casting
out evils, by the prince of the devils, that is, Satan,
who is prince of this world. And this accusation
was blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which is not
to be forgiven unto men. Man, the animal de-
268 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY".
cended from evil by animal nature, and being evil
they could not speak good things.
Christ's power was power over the elements of
this earth, as he stilled the winds and the sea, and
He walked on the sea by the power of electricity
which was in Him.
Jesus also tells us that it is vain to worship God,
if we teach for doctrines the commandments of
Jesus cured the Canaan young- woman, vexed
with, an evil disease, after testing the knowledge of
the mother of the young woman as to his having
the power to do so.
Also the lunatic young man, sore vexed with a
disease which caused him to fall into the fire or into
the water, if he was near either when the fit came
It is after this that Jesus tells his disciples that
had they faith, which I understand to mean had
they faith to gain the knowledge of the power over
the elements of this earth, they could remove
mountains, and nothing would be impossible to
And Jesus tells us that the Christian religion is
also to keep the commandments, for when the rich
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 269
young man asked Him " Which ?" Jesus said, " Thou
shalt do no murder. Thou shalt not commit
adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not
bear false witness. Honor thy father and thy
mother, and thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy-
The fig tree was withered by electricity, as an
object lesson to the disciples, as a hypocrite is
withered, pretending to be a Christian and having
none of the Christian virtues.
By man's decree, woman is no citizen of any
country, or city, or kingdom on the face of this
broad earth. Eighteen hundred and ninety four
years ago, she took refuge in the kingdom of heaven,
and she is a~ true, lawful, and loyal citizen there ;
no man can debar her entrance ; no law can forbid
her to vote within her mind, as to who shall govern
her, her soul or her animal body Christ, or this
An intelligent woman, able to read and to think,
should not permit any man of this earth, of high or
low office, to interfere in any way with her glorious
liberty in the kingdom of God. She knows far
better by long practice, better than any man can
tell her, what are her duties in the kingdom of
270 REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY.
heaven. They are willingly performed by her, and
in them she takes her greatest pleasure and delight ;
they are perfectly natural to her, for by them she
lives. Her loyalty to Christ will never die, she is
not disturbed by what men say or think of Christ,
or what they prove or do not prove by the logic of
this earth, or by what men believe or do not believe
of Christ. For to woman He opened the kingdom
of heaven, and to it they flee in their troubles on
this earth, and by doing so they obey Christ, who
said, "Come unto me, all ye that labor and are
heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke
upon you and learn of me ; for I am meek and lowly
in heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For
my yoke is easy and my burden is light."
Christ was heavy laden with the sufferings to
which all flesh is heir, for He is speaking here as
mankind, and to mankind. He bears a yoke, which
is the yoke of the body of this earth, and God bears
no yoke ; God is not heavy laden ; and Christ the
Son of God came in the flesh to tell us how to get
rest. He tells us to bear the troubles of this earth
. as He did when on this earth, and to learn of Him,
as He was meek and lowly in heart toward earthly
things, and nqt caring for earthly things, He found
REFLECTIONS ON ELECTRICITY. 271
the trouble and burden and yoke which earthly
things bring, easy, for that reason, to bear, and the
burden light. All women who think and meditate,
find that this is so, they have entered the kingdom
opened to them by Christ ; they will not leave it
until the burden of life falls, and they will realize
their citizenship when they will enter into the joys
of their Lord.