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scend the evolutionary scale, and culminates in man.    In civilized
tan, the faint traces of a breeding season apparent in certain prim-
ive ethnic stocks have wholly disappeared, and there is no greater
adiness to mate during the short period when alone conception is
>ssible than at most other times of the female cycle.1
This has already led in point of fact to the widespread separation
the personal function of sexual union from its racial consequences,
love from reproduction.   It is true that some persons and bodies on
iological or metaphysical grounds either ostrich-like deny the exist-
:e of this separation, or assert that it ought not to be practised;
t this does not alter the fact.
Che perfection of birth-control technique has made the separation
re effective; and the still more recent technique of artificial in-
unation has opened up new horizons, by making it possible to
vide different objects for the two functions. It is now open to man
I woman to consummate the sexual function with those they love,
to fulfil the reproductive function with those whom on perhaps
te other grounds they admire.
'his consequence is the opportunity of eugenics.   But the oppor-
.ty cannot yet be grasped.   It is first necessary to overcome the
^r opposition to it on dogmatic theological and moral grounds,
the widespread popular shrinking from it, based on vague but
erful feelings, on the ground that it is unnatural*
re need a new attitude to these problems, an attitude which for
t of another term we may still call religious.   We need to replace
present attitude fostered by established religions by a new but
Jly potent attitude.
; regards the sense of salvation, we need to substitute social salva-
for individual salvation; and as regards the need of some escape-
lanism from the pressure of present difficulty, we need to sub-
:e the real possibility of evolutionary progress for other-worldly
tasies.   Once this possibility of true human progress, both social
genetic, is generally apprehended, and the social system re-
lied so that individual success does not conflict with communal
re, and self-expression and personal satisfaction can be largely
red in serving society, then sex and reproduction can take their
laces as individual and social functions respectively.   Gone will
.ny of the conflicts inherent in pr,esent-day marriage: any sacrih
volved in parenthood will be made on the altar of the race, and
knowledge that it will be acceptable.   Those who wish to pursue
r the possibilities of such a step should consult Mr. Brewer's
, 1933, p. 73/.