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subject peoples, on the role of art in the community, on international
trade, and a hundred other subjects. They can also be important in
warning us against possible mistakes—against a disregard of the trends
of history, against every kind of undemocratic short cut to apparent
efficiency, against the possible imposition of plans, however admir-
able, without the interest and the participation of the plannees (if I
may coin a term), against every kind of narrow exploitation and racial

It may be suggested that the best method of setting about this
business is to draw up and proclaim a series of Charters, extending the
general principles of the Atlantic Charter into greater detail and into
various special fields. Once these were formally proclaimed by as
many as possible of the United Nations there could be no going back
on them; and meanwhile the experts behind the scenes could be
charged with working out the practical schemes through which they
would take effect. There has already been considerable talk in
Britain of a Colonial Charter. A Pacific Charter might be useful to
formulate the democratic point of view on the relations between the
Asiatic and the white nations. A Charter of Welfare and Service
would formulate the rights and duties of the individual and be in
effect the charter of the common man; a Charter of Security would
be the banner under which nations would be invited to co-operate in
the prevention of war and aggression; and one might add a Charter
of Prosperity to cover international economic co-operation, and a
Charter of Peaceful Change as the first step toward the setting up of
new international machinery for political adjustment.

Meanwhile it is imperative that we should be clear in our own
minds as to the inescapable nature of our proposition of political
Euclid. Only when we have accepted the logic of its earlier steps and
fearlessly worked out their implications, can we hope to write Q.E.D.
at its close by drawing the final conclusion of a set of aims which
shall shorten the war, revivify the democratic nations, and lay solid
foundations for peace.