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Full text of "Man In The Modern World"

WAR AS A BIOLOGICAL PHENOMENON

we find that one of the very few animal species which make war is
man; and man is to-day not merely the highest product of evolution,
but the only type still capable of real evolutionary progress. And
war, though it need not always be harmful to the human species and
its progress, indubitably is so when conducted in the total fashion
which is necessary in this technological age. Thus war is not merely
a human problem; it is a biological problem of the broadest scope,
for on its abolition may depend life's ability to continue the progress
which it has slowly but steadily achieved through more than a
thousand million years.

But the biologist can end on a note of tempered hope. War is not
inevitable for man. His aggressive impulses can be canalized into
other outlets; his political machinery can be designed to make war
less likely. These things can be done: but to do them will require a
great deal of hard thinking and hard work. While waging this par-
ticular war with all our might, we have a duty to keep a corner of
our minds open, engaged on the job of thinking out ways and means
of preventing war in general in the future.

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