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Full text of "Man In The Modern World"

MAN IN THE  MODERN WORLD
Thus there would be parallel progress toward international govern-
ment and toward self-government; and even if in some cases inter-
national government takes the lead, its share in actual administration
will all the time be growing quantitatively less and that of self-
government quantitatively more.
International supervision and regulation will also be needed at the
outset, both to ensure proper standards and also to give some degree
of responsibility to the other powers and some outlet for their natural
desire to participate in colonial affairs.
This could be provided in the form of a colonial section of what-
ever international political organization comes into being after the
war: let us call it the Colonial Commission. We need not try now
to define the detailed constitution and organizational machinery of
any such body. What we ought to define are its broad structure
and its main functions.
Structurally, the trend of informed opinion is in favour of regional
decentralization, delegating most of the work of the Commission to
strong Regional Councils. These would include representatives of
the colonial powers in the region, of other great powers especially
interested strategically or economically, of independent nations within
the region, and of the colonial peoples themselves, and perhaps also
of the smaller non-colonial powers. It would be responsible, within
the framework of a world authority, for general security and economic
and social development within the region, not merely with regional
colonial problems. It would have its own international staff of
experts and advisers and, let us hope, considerable funds.
Next we come to the functions of the Colonial Commission, a's
delegated to the Regional Councils. One major function should be
planning. A second is advice. And the third is financial help.
The experience of large-scale development organizations, such as the
Tennessee Valley Authority in the U.S.A., shows that a set-up of this
kind, although without executive authority (the TVA has executive
authority only in connection with its dams and power plants, not in
matters of health, agricultural improvement, education, recreation,
and so forth), can be extremely efficient in supervising and guiding
development along right lines.
There are various prerequisites. The whole programme depends
on securing the co-operation of all executive organizations concerned.
The regional authority must be prepared to act as a general catalyst
and as an organizer of joint action whenever several separate organiza-
tions are concerned in a project. In the long run, it depends also on
popular understanding and backing: for this, participation by local
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