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6                                                    MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE

sub-inspector who investigated the case and the school teacher who deposed that the
axe had actually been taken from him for the murder had been arrested and prosecuted.
—Times of India, Nov. 23, 1935.

3.    One Harbans, son of Tarif Jat  of village  Dabathua in  Meerut  District,  was
sentenced to death under section 302 LP.C., for having caused the deaths of his two
daughters, aged seven years and two years respectively, with a gandasa for the purpose
of implicating his father and two brothers in the crime.

The prosecution story was that Tarif had partitioned his lands amongst his sons,
whereafter Harbans accused and his brother Des Raj began to live jointly. On January
19, 1937, a dispute arose between Harbans accused and his father with regard to the pay-
ment of canal dues. There was mutual abuse between the two and Harbans knocked down
his father who was rescued by his other sons. The accused received a few lathi blows from
the rescuers. Upon this Harbans became furious and left the place saying that he would
get them hanged. Reaching his house he chained the outer door from inside and
catching hold of his elder daughter struck her with a gandasa which caused her imme-
diate death. Harbans then snatched the younger daughter from the lap of her mother
and killed her also with the gandasa. Shortly after this the accused went to the police-
station and reported that his father and his brothers had killed his two daughters. Just
as the writing of this report was completed the chaukidar of the village arrived and
reported that it was generally rumoured that Harbans had himself killed his daughters
with a gandasa and had come to report. As Tarif could not dare go to the police-station
lest Harbans should assault him he went straight to the Superintendent of Police and
reported the whole incident. The station-officer of Police-station Sardhana after making
investigation challaned Harbans under section 302 IP.C.—Leader, Sept. 5, 1937.

4.   During a quarrel over a young widow one Lachman Ahir and his father, Umedi,
were beaten with lathis and admitted into hospital at Gunnaur in the District of Badaun.
The father and the son were provided with only one bed, there being no more beds avail-
able in the hospital.   In order to implicate his enemies and make them responsible for
his father's death Lachman got up at night and murdered his father by strangulation.
—Leader, April 18, 1930.

5.    One Fauz Khan and his uncle, Roshan Khan, owned a field in Dasauli village, _
which had been under mortgage for nearly twenty or twenty-two years and the mortgage
was not redeemed.    Roshan Khan was in pecuniary embarrassments in other ways and
had many debts to pay.   His nephew, Fauz Khan, asked him not to execute any fresh
documents to consolidate his debts and advised him upon a new way of paying off all
old debts.   He asked his uncle to accompany him to their mortgaged field and receive
from him two or three severe lathi blows so that he could bring a false charge of assault
against his  creditors  to whom he  was  heavily  indebted.    Thus,  by  the  threat  of  a
criminal prosecution he could coerce them to hand back the securities relating to his
loans and also make them pay him a sum of money by way of compensation.   Strangely
enough, Roshan Khan fell in with the suggestion and accompanied his nephew to their
jointly mortgaged field.   The latter then made a determined assault upon his uncle and
caused him a number of injuries which soon resulted in death.   The plot was, however,
found out during the police investigation and Fauz Khan was sentenced to death under
section 302, IP.C.—Leader, Dec. 17, 1930, p. 6.

6.    One Karim Bux killed by throttling his daughter, Must. Subratan, aged 10 years,
on the night between the 16th and 17th March 1931, placed the corpse near the house of
Mangat and brought a false charge of murder against Mangat and Sujan, who were his
enemies.    He also inflicted two parallel abrasions within the vulvar orifice to the left
of the hymen so as to lead to a suspicion of rape.   Karim Bux was subsequently con-
victed of the offence of the murder of his daughter under section 302 LP.C. and sentenced
to death.—King Emperor v. Karim or Karim Bux, Allahabad High Court Criminal Appeal
No. 69 of 1931.

7.    One Irnrati, 50 years old, resident of Police-station Mandiaon, District Lucknow,
died on the 5th January 1932, and a report was made at the police-station that the
deceased was beaten with shoes, kicks  and fists during a quarrel seven days  before
death, and had received three or four marks of external injury on his back, one injury
on the head towards the back, and also internal injuries, from the effects of which death
occurred.   At the post-mortem examination held on the next day, I found no marks
of injury on the back or the head or on any other part of the body, but found both the
lungs to be pneumonic.   Hence I gave my opinion that the death was due to pneumonia
and not due to any injuries.

8.    On April 4, 1935, the house of Mangal Chunilal in the village of Ratanpur was
burgled.    Cash and ornaments were stolen.    The police patel sent information to the
nearest  police-station.    The  police  sub-inspector  at  Godhra  was   communicated  with.
As he was busy with the investigation of another case, he sent Narsing Chandrasing,
one of his constables, for inquiry.   The constable reached Ratanpur on the night of April
5.   Next morning, he sent for five villagers from Ankadia on suspicion that they were
concerned in the burglary.   On their arrival they were questioned and, on their denying