g4 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE t, — A verbatim report made by Major (now Lieut. -Colonel) E. J. O'Meara, FR.C.S., IMS., late Principal, Agra Medical School and Civil Surgeon, Agra, on the exhumation of the body of the late Mr. Fulham which was exhumed about fourteen months after death is given below with a view to illustrating the method as to how it should be made out in cases of exhumation: — " On an order of the District Magistrate of Agra dated 6-12-1912, I proceeded to the Cantonment Cemetery of Agra at 8-45 a.m. on Sunday, the 6th December 1912 accompanied by Mr. Williamson, Superintendent of Police, and Dr. Modi, L.R.C.P. & s! O, Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence, Agra Medical School. The grave was identified by the Rev. Canon Menzies from the key to the Canton- ment Cemetery plan as Book R. No. 129 non-masonry. A stone marked "No. 129, Mr. E. M. Fulham " stood at the head of the grave. After 3i hours the coffin was raised ; it was then identified by Chiranji Lai of Messrs. Suntoke and Co., the undertakers, as having been made by that firm. There was no name plate. Samples of earth for examination by the Chemical Examiner were taken from above and below the coffin and in the direction of the flow of the subsoil water. The coffin was then placed in a shell on a hearse and sent under the charge of Pohce Sergeant Charlewood to the post-mortem room of the Thomason Hospital. On arrival at the post-mortem room at about 2 p.m., the coffin, was taken out of the shell and opened by the undertaker Chiranji Lai in the presence of — Mr. H. Williamson, Superintendent of Police, Mr. Emery, Merchant, Meerut, Mr. Sarkies, Military Accounts Department, Meerut, Dr. Modi, Dr. Vyas, Gur Bux, bearer to the late Mr. E. M. Fulham, and myself. The coffin was much eaten by white ants and decayed but was intact with the exception of the lid which had given way down the centre of the coffin containing a quantity of earth. A sample of this earth was taken for despatch to the Chemical Examiner. On removal of this earth, the grave clothing, a white shirt, white drawers and black socks, were identified by Gur Bux, the late Mr. Fulham's bearer, as having seen the clothes in which the body had been dressed for burial. 1. Sex, identified as male from the scrotum ; there was no penis. 2. Stature, about 5 feet 5 to 6 inches, the remains in the coffin being 5' — 3|". 3. Weight during life approximately 10 stone. It was impossible to distinguish race, age, scars, birth, tattoo or thumb marks. There were no peculiarities of nails, no injuries having permanent results of fractures that could be ascertained. Mr. Emery and Mr Sarkies stated that Mr. Fulham had a withered left arm. This could not be defi- nitely made out as the measurement of the lower third of the left arm was only 2/3" less than the right and there was only f" difference in the measurement of the upper third of the forearm. The hair lying in the coffin and attached to the back of the head was identified by Mr. Emery, Mr. Sarkies and Gur Bux as being the same colour as that of Mr. Fulham. The upper and lower jaws were preserved for further identification of the teeth, if necessary. The body was in a peculiar condition of decomposition, there was no skin or subcutaneous tissue left, a piece of white cloth adhered to the face, but all the soft parts and eyes were gone leaving the bones bare. The hair lay in a mass at the head of the coffin with some attached to the back of the head. There was a quantity of light coloured hair round the pubes. The muscles were very well preserved and of a dark red colour. The parietes were intact. On opening the chest the heart was found in a comparatively good state of preservation ; the lungs had entirely disappeared. The diaphragm was extremely well preserved, and immediately below there was a mass of an organ in the position of the stomach. The liver was easily distinguishable. The mass of another organ was removed from the position of the spleen and another mass from the position of the left kidney. The intestines were well preserved, but it was impos- sible to separate the small from the large intestine. There was no sign of the urinary "bladder. The following were sent to the Chemical Examiner : — (1) Earth taken from above the coffin. (2) Earth taken from below the coffin. (3) Earth taken from within the coffin. (4) Hair from head. (5) Hair from pubes. (6) Heart.