HANGING 151 2. Whether the Hanging was Suicidal, Homicidal or Accidental— Hanging is usually suicidal. Of thirty-two cases of hanging that came under my" observation during a period of over six years, thirty were suicidal. One was suspended after murder and in the other there was presumption of homicide. Blindness or age is no bar to suicidal hanging. A blind man of seventy-five committed sui- cide by suspending himself from a branch, of a tree in Lucknow. After chastisement or some other violence children are known to have committed suicide by hanging from shame or grief. A case occurred in Jubbulpore, where a Muslim lad, 12 years old, quarrelled with his elder brother one night, and committed suicide by hanging himself from the ceil- ing of his house the next day.2 In his annual report for the year 1939, the Chemical Exa- miner, Madras, also reports a case in which a girl, aged ten years, committed suicide by hanging. Sometimes, hanging is adopted as a last resort, after other forms of suicide, e.g. cut- ting of the throat or ingestion of poison, have failed to pro- duce the desired effect. In Fig. 44.—Side view showing the ligature mark of hanging in the neck and drib- bling of saliva from the right angle of the mouth. December 1916, a Hindu girl, aged 16 years, first took poison, then tried to cut her throat and lastly, gathering courage, hanged herself, Hgnajpidal hanging, though rare, has been recorded. Usually more than one person are combined in the act, unless the victim is a child, or very weak and feeble, or is rendered unconscious by some intoxicating or nar- cotic drug. In a case where resistance has been offered, marks of violence on the body^Sffl marks of a struggle or footprints of several persons at or near the place of the occurrence are likely to be found. " Lynching " is the form of homicidal hanging which is confined to the Southern States of America. When a Negro is accused of having com- mitted some serious offence, e.g. rape upon a white girl, the mob get en- raged, take him from the police custody and hang linn by means of a rope from a tree or some similar object. Accidental hanging is extremely rare. It has occurred among children during""play while imitating judicial hanging, or among athletes who are in the habit of exhibiting hanging. ILLUSTRATIVE CASES Suspension after Murder.—1. In June 1916, the body of a Hindu male, aged 3ft years, was brought to the Agra Medical School Mortuary with a police report feit Hie deceased committed suicide by banging. Post-mortem examination showed ejca of the skin of t£e scrotum, especially on tlie left side and effusion of clotted blood about the left testicle, which appeared to have been crushed. There was a 2. Hmdusfam Times, Jan. &» 1933, p. 3.