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STRANGULATION                                                       153

3. After terrorizing a rich merchant in village Dholera the robbers removed all
cash and ornaments, burnt the account books and hanged the merchant from the ceiling
of the roof of the house where he was found dead.—Leader, April 29, 1934.

The following case came under my notice in which there was presumption of
homicide : —

On the night of October 23, 1910, a Hindu male went to sleep on a charpoy, afteY
taking his evening meal. The next morning he was found dead in his bed. At the
necropsy saliva was seen trickled down the right angle of the mouth and an oblique
ligature mark was seen in the upper and front part of the neck from ear to ear with
congestion in the internal organs. It was presumed that some one entering the house
passed a cord round his neck and pulling up the head, gave it a downward jerk while
the deceased was in sound sleep.

A Case of Lynching.—A mob of about a thousand persons including women and
children burst into the country gaol at Princes Anne, Maryland, defying a barrage of
tear gas and the truncheons of twenty police, and carried off a negro who was accused
of assaulting an aged white woman. He was stripped of all his clothes, a rope was tied
round his neck, and he was dragged through the town behind a motor car with the
mob howling and cursing him. Then he was hanged from a tree next to the Judge's
house. Later, petrol was poured over the body and it was burnt in a public square.—
Leader, Nov. 27, 1933.

A case of lynching also occurred in Ratlam on May 14, 1949. Three coolies, who
were walking about in a street, were accused by a nervous pedestrian of being involved
in child-kidnapping for human sacrifice. Hence a yelling crowd of people fell upon
them. One was stoned to death, the second was hanged by his legs like a stricken pig
and the third was trussed up and also hanged like an animated bundle of rags; later
they were slowly burned to death.—Blitz, Sep. 13, 1949.

Accident.—1. In order to punish her child a woman tied the arms above the elbows
with a stocking fixed to a string, which in turn was fixed to a ring in the wall of a
dark closet. At the end of three hours the child was found dead, having been suspended
by the string, as the stocking accidentally slipped up round the throat and constricted
it.—R. v. Montagne, Dublin Assizes, 1892.

2. A tragic case of accidental hanging occurred in a village near Silao, twenty
miles from Patna, during a mock trial for Mahatma Gandhi's murder staged by boys.
A boy representing Gandhiji was hit with a stick, and was considered as assassinated.
Another boy, playing the judge, sentenced to hanging the boy who had taken the role
of Godse. The boy was actually hanged to death on a tree.—Times of India, April 3y
1950, p. 7.


Definition.---Strangulation is a violent form of death, which results from
constricrting the'neck by means of a ligature without suspending the "body.
It is called throttling, when constriction is produced by the pressure of the
flHge*rs upon the throat. Jgtrangulation may also be brought about by com-
pressing the throat with afool, knee, elbow, or some other solid substance.

A form of strangulation, known as Bansdola, is sometimes practised in
Northern India. In this form one strong bamboo or lathi (club) is placed
across the throat, and another across the back of the neck. These are
strongly fastened at one end; a rope is passed round the other ends, which
are "bound together, and the unfortunate victim is squeezed to death. The
throat is also pressed by placing a lathi (club) or bamboo across the front
of the neck and standing with a foot on each end of the lathi or bamboo.

In the case of K. E. v. Jeevan and Cheda. charged under section 302, I.P.C., with
having murdered one Duja, 25 years old, it was proved in evidence that Jeevan threw
down Duja and put a stick on his neck, each of the accused pressing it down with his
foot at either end till Duja was dead.s

On the 16th April 1927, one Khemkaran was lying on a charpoy (bedstead) when
one Mansa thrust a stout piece of bamboo^ about four feet long, forming the bottom
part of a yoke, under the wood of the ch&rpay on one side. He had this length of a
bamboo pressed against Khemkaran's throat and kept it down at the other end will*
his foot fill death. He then threw tfee body into a well.4

On August 30, 1934, one Wanarse of a village, known as Humagaon, District Satara,
who was suspected to have set fire to Mahangade's house, was seized and made to lie isti

3.   All. Hlgi Court Criminal Appeal No. 197 of 1923.

4   K, E. v. Mansa, Chief Court of Oudh, Crim. App. No. 461 of