On or about the 9th November 1926, Mt. Masuman reported to the Sub-Divisional
Magistrate of Mohanlalganj, District Lucknow, that her husband had attempted to
murder her by strangulation. On examination I found bruise-like marks on both sides
of the front of the neck. The skin round about these marks was inflamed and covered
with tiny blisters. She had similar marks on the palms and tips of the fingers. On further
examination these were found to have been caused by the application of the juice of
a marking nut (see Fig. 54).
Accidental strangulation is rare, but it may occur when an article of
clothing, a neck band or a cord is tightly drawn round the neck all of a
sudden. This may occur in an epileptic or an intoxicated person who may
be helpless in extricating himself from such tight encirclement of the neck.
It may also occur when a string used in suspending a weight on the back
should slip from across the forehead and compress the neck. This is easy
to conjecture, if the body has not been disturbed after death. Children
may also be accidentally strangled by a window blind cord or string encir-
cling the neck too tightly during play.
Differences between Hanging and Strangttktion.—The differences be-
tween hanging and strangulation are given below in a tabulated form: —
Ligature mark, oblique, non-conti-
nuous, placed high up in the neck
between the chin and the larynx, the
base of the groove or furrow being
hard, yellow and parchment-like.
Abrasions and ecchymoses round
-about the edges of the ligature mark,
Subcutaneous tissues under the mark,
v white, hard, and glistening.
Injury to the muscles of the neck,
Carotid arteries, internal coats rup-
tured in violent cases of a long drop.
Fracture of the larynx and trachea,
very rare and that too in judicial
Fracture-dislocation of the cervical
"vertebrae, common in judicial hang-
Scratches, abrasions and bruises on
Hie face, neck and other parts of the
body, usually not present.
Face, usually pale and no petechise.
stretched and elongated in
12. External signs of asphyxia, usually
—.— not well marked.
13. Bleeding 'from the nose, mouth and
ears, very rare.
14. Saliva, xiinning out of the mouth
\ ——down on the chin and chest,
\15. Emphysematous patches on the sur-
s-^tace of the lungs, not present.
1. Mostly homicidal.
2. Ligature mark, horizontal or trans-
verse, continuous, low down in the
neck below the thyroid, the base of
the groove or furrow being soft and
3. Abrasions and ecchymoses round
about the edges of the ligature mark,
4. Subcutaneous tissues under the mark,
5. Injury to the muscles of the neck,
6. Carotid arteries, internal coats ordi-
7. Fracture of the larynx and trachea,
8. Fracture-dislocation of the cervical
9. Scratches, abrasions and bruises on
the face, neck and other parts of the
body, usually present.
10. Face, congested, livid and marked
11. Neck, not so.
12. External signs of asphyxia, very well ',
13. Bleeding from the nose, mouth and
ears, may be found.
14. Saliva, no such running.
15. Emphysematous patches on the sur-
face of the lungs, may be present.
Suicide.—1. f A Hindu lunatic in a jail strangled himself by passing two or "three;;
coils of stout thread around his neck, attaching the ends securely to his wrists and then
extending his arms to the utmost limit. This occurred during ten minutes when his
attendant was absent.—Surgeon-General Francis, Med. Times and Gaz., Dec. 2, 1876> ,