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Full text of "Medical Jurisprudence And Toxicology"

164                                              MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE

10.   On the morning of the 25th July^l927,^ the body of Mt. Sitala, aged 70 to 75

bruises, varying from i" to 1" by f to J", with two crescentic nail marks were found
obliquely across the left side of the neck li" below the angle of the left inferior jaw
and situated one below the other. The thyroid cartilage was fractured, and the left
cornu of the hyoid bone was dislocated.

11. On the 8th January 1932, I held a post-mortem examination on the body of
Mst. Patari Devi, aged 25 years, which was found lying in a park within the jurisdiction
of Police-Station Hazratganj. The face was flushed. In addition to a reddish, transverse
ligature mark, J" broad, encircling the neck over Adam's apple, the following external
injuries were found on the body: —

(1)  A bruise, J" X ?"» over the lower margin of the left cheek bone.

(2)  2 bruises, one 1" X £", and the other, J" X J", along the left mandible.

(3)  A crescentic bruise, J" X !/£", across the right cheek.

(4)  An abrasion, 3" X i"» along the outer side of the right thigh in its upper part

(5)  3 abrasions, varying from J" to J" X i" to J", over the back of the left elbow
joint.

(6)  An abrasion, Vf X i"» across the upper part of the left shoulder blade.

(7)  A abrasion, 1" X J"» across the middle of the right buttock.

There was effusion of clotted blood in the soft tissues of the neck under the skin.
There was ecchymosis in the submuccus coat of the larynx. There was bloody frotfi
in the larynx, trachea and bronchi, the mucous membrane of which was deep red and
injected. The lungs were bulky, deep red and congested with venous engorgement
The womb was enlarged and contained a foetus of about three months of infra-uterine
life. A corpus luteum was visible in the right ovary.

A case is recorded in which one Malla, under sudden and grave provocation, killed
his wife by strangulation effected by twisting her long hair round her throat—2>
Criminal Law Jour., July 1924, p. 519.

In his private communication to the author the Chemical Examiner, Bengal, stated
that in the year 1946 he investigated a case in which two men visited a public wom&s {
at her house in Calcutta, and gave her chloral hydrate in wine to render her unconscious^
"but as it was unsuccessful they killed her by throttling and ran away with her orna-
ments. On post-mortem examination seven crescentic abrasions were noticed on the
right side of the neck, and four on the left side. The hyoid bone was fractured and
there was clotted blood under the soft tissues of the neck. Alcohol and chloral hydrate
were detected in the viscera.

Accident.—1. An ingenious young man having nearly lost the use of his arms usei
to move a heavy weight by a cord passed round his neck. One morning, soon ate"
he went to his room, his sister found him sitting in a chair quite dead with the coid
twisted round his neck. The deceased must have tried to move the weight in the usual ,
way, but it had slipped behind and so strangled him.—Gordon Smith quoted by Gqf
and Ferrier, Forensic Med., Ed. VI, p. 261.                                                                           \;

2,   In July 1839, Elizabeth Kenchan, an extremely dissipated woman, went to b^d
intoxicated with her bonnet on, and in the morning was found strangled in its strings;;
She had fallen out of bed, her bonnet became fixed between the bedstead and the

and she, being too drunk to loosen the strings, was strangled.—Ibid., p. 262.

3.   A girl was accustomed to carry fish in a basket on her back, supported
leather strap passing round the front of her neck above her shoulders.    One da&'
was found dead, sitting on a stone wall; the basket had slipped  off while sh^
resting, and had thus raised the strap which firmly compressed the windpipe.—T
Princ. and Pract. of Med. Juis., Vol. I, Ed. X, p. 566.

SUFFOCATION

Definition.—The term, suffocation, is applied to that form of death
results from the exclusion of air from the lungs by means other than
pression of the neck.

Causes.—The causes of suffocation are—

1.    Smothering or closure of the mouth and nostrils.

2.    Obstruction of the air-passages from within.

3.    Pressure on the chest.

4.    Inhalation of irrespirable gases.