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236 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE
2 A man received several extensive fractures of the skull with abundant subdura!
haemorrhage, and rupture of the diaphragm with hernia of the stomach. The stomach
was ruptured and nearly a litre of its contents was contained in the left pleural cavity
Notwithstanding all this, he was able to walk about for an hour or so and araW
several questions. He died only after several hours. Another man, crushed by a car,
riaze received a large rupture of the diaphragm, complete rupture of the jejunum, and
rupture and crushing of the kidney. Yet he walked nearly 5 miles, and did not die
until the next day,—Vibert quoted by Witthaus and Becker, Med. Juris, and Toxic,
Vol. IL, p. 40.
3 At noon on the 23rd May 1923, a Mahomedan male, aged 40 years, was stabbed
in the stomach with a knife, and was able to walk about two furlongs and a half, when
his strength gave out and he lay down. He was then taken on a bed to the police-station
when he was in his right senses and made a report. He was sent to the hospital for
medical examination, where his dying declaration was recorded as he proved to be in
a dangerous condition. He died at 10 p.m. on the following day.—K. E. v. Kallankhtm
of District Bijnor, All. High Court Criminal Appeal No. 757 of 1923.
4. Gurdeen of Police-Station Mohanlalganj, aged 30 years, who was assaulted with
lathis and a sharp cutting instrument on the 9th August 1926, walked a distance of TO
to 80 paces and gave the names of his assailants before he died. At the post-mortem
examination on the next day I found the nostrils cut off with a portion of the septum
removed, two lacerated wounds on the head and eleven bruises on various parts of the
body. There was also a fracture of the right parietal bone extending into the right side
of the frontal bone. The coronal and sagittal sutures were separated, and the temporal
bones were fractured.
5. At about 8 p.m. on the 24th March 1928, All Bakhsh, 50 years old, received as
incised wound, 1" X £", in the middle of the left side of the neck causing injuries to the
big vessels of the neck, and tried to run after his assailant but fell after a few yank
He was removed to the police-station where he was able to make a report of his assault
From there he was taken to the hospital, and his condition was so grave that the doctor
took down his dying declaration at 10-30 p.m. He died at midnight.—King-Emperor v.
Chhote, All. High Court Crim. Appeal No. 636 of 1928.
6. At about 9 or 10 p.m. on the 21st August 1928, Sheo Narain, aged 45, of District
Cawnpore, was assaulted by his brother with a kauta, and received an incised wound,
6" long, along the left side of the chest, severing completely the left 8th, 9th, 10th an!
llth ribs, penetrating into the left pleural cavity and cutting the diaphragm to an extent
of about 4" in length. The stomach, spleen and a part of the intestines were protruding
outside the chest wall through the wound. The spleen had also a superficial wonni,
2" long. At 4-30 ajn. on the next day he was taken to the police-station, where fee
lodged a complaint. From the police-station he was sent to the nearest dispensary, b£
was afterwards removed to the District Hospital at Cawnpore, as his wound was vei^
serious. At about midnight he made a dying declaration before a Deputy Magistral
in the hospital, and died in the morning of the 23rd August.—King-Emperor v. Momfy
Allahabad High Court Crim. Appeal No. 239 of 1930.
7. On ^the morning of December 14, 1931, Mr. Stevens, Collector of Comilla, was
shot by a girl with a .45 revolver, while he was standing on the threshold of his ofee
and on the left of his sub-divisional officer. He fell against the sub-divisional officer and
said "I am hit", then turned and ran through the office up through the dining room
into the pantry and shut the folding doors before he fell dead on the floor. Post-mortem
examination showed that the bullet had gone through the heart and out into the rigM
lung.—Leader, Dec. 25, 1931.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WOUNDS INFLICTED DURING LIFE
AND AFTER DEATH
In India, the practice of inflicting wounds on a dead body to support
a false charge against an enemy is so common that every medical officer
who has done medico-legal work must have come across such cases during
his professional career,
The following are the principal points by which a wound inflieteA
during life can be recognized : —
, 1- Haemorrhage. 2, Retraction of the edges of the wound. 3. St^
of inflammation and reparative processes.
1. Haemorrhage.—There is more or less copious haemorrhage in aB;
wounds, except in lacerated wounds, when it may be very little. Tfe(
effused blood is forced into the tissue interspaces in the vicinity of fc;