292 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE 2. In. October 1920, an unmarried Mahomedan female of twenty eloped from her father's house with a young Mahomedan male. She stayed with him for about a week, and during this time she admitted to having had sexual intercourse with the man. On examination I found a superficial laceration, J" x %", , along each side of the labia minora. The vaginal canal was dilated, but the hymen was intact, it being thick and fleshy. Besides the act of coitus, the hymen may be ruptured by—- 1. An accident, e.g. a fall astride on a projecting substance, fence, or while playing at see-saw. The plea that is usually brought forward by the defence pleader in a case of alleged rape in mofussil courts is that the hymen was ruptured by an accidental fall on the sharp and obliquely cut remnant of a stem of an Arhar plant projecting two or three inches above the ground in a field. I have known it lacerating the sole of the foot having penetrated through a shoe, but rupture of the hymen alone in this manner is highly improbable. Again, forcible separation of the thighs will not rupture the hymen, especially in children, unless the perinaeum is ruptured. Owing to the situation of the hymen, its rupture is not possible by riding, jumping, dancing, etc. Fig. 135.—Hymen presenting two lateral lacerations. (From Peterson, Haines and Webster's Legal Medicine and Toxicology Ed. IT/VoL L) Fig. 136.—Circular hymen'torn in several places. (From Peterson, Homes and Webster's Legal Medicine and Toxicology, Ed. II, Vol. L) 2. Masturbation, especially if practised with some large foreign body. But the hymen is not destxpy;^! in most cases, as the manipulation in little girls is generally limited tovpafts,>gpterior to the hymen. In such cases the ^ymphse are elongated and the clitoris is enlarged by the continued practice of masturbation. The vaginal orifice may be dilated, and the edge of the hymen may show at the most a scratch produced by the finger nail. The hymen is, however, liable,to be rtiptdired by the forcible introduction of a stick or finger eonstitaling indecent assault on small, girl^ 3. Introduction «of instalments by medical |xrae^^^rs during exami- nation, or a surgical ^|ia*i^,' ' • . , , *, ••. \ ^'J^j^xIVy,"''''_/,;. ~ 4. A foreign Sa^'^cli >s& >&*&&$ pi||^ fafaxfiw^ with a l to rendering fiSjjjj^^ (o0oe viris).