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302                                              MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE

cases no trace of a previous delivery may be found even on women who
have borne several children.

Fig. 140.—The pendulous breasts with prominent and large nipples of a woman

who has had five children.
(From a photograph lent kindly by Dr. G. B. Sahay.)

Montgomery11 reports a case in which he examined a lady who had borne five
children and nursed three of them. He found that " her breasts were small, but neither
flaccid nor pendulous; the nipple vshort, with not the least shade of brown colour in
the areolae, which exhibited only the delicate rose colour so often observed in that part
of the virgin breast; there were neither lines nor spots of any kind on the abdomen;
the os uteri was small-and natural, the vagina contracted and the fourchette perfectly
entire ". This lady used to be delivered at the eighth month of her pregnancy.



• In the dead body of a woman who has borne children, the uterus is
larger, thicker and heavier than ^the nulliparous uterus. The walls are
concave from inside, forming a wider and rounded cavity, while the walls
of a nulliparous uterus are convex on the inner aspect, and form a cavity
which is smaller in capacity and triangular in shape. The top of its fundus,
as seen from the front or from the back, is convex and on a higher* level
than the line of the broad ligaments. The cervix is irregular in form and
shortened, and its edges show cicatrices on account of previous tears and
lacerations caused during delivery. The external os is enlarged, irregular
and populous so as to admit the tip of the finger, and the internal os is not
s& well defined as to ifce virgin or nulHparous* woman. It must be remeni-
&0t tfae-^ferus tmd^rgoesa^ophy in old age.

Fract: MedL, Vot 3E^ jfr • 504.