312 HEDICAI, JURISPRUDENCE Old men are known to have committed rape on small girls. A man of 60 years beckoned to a girl of seven or eight years and took her into a small room where he committed rape. She cried "but he threatened to kill fcer with a knife in case she disclosed the secret. He also communicated to her the venereal disease from which he was suffering. He was sentenced to four years' imprisonment by the Magistrate of Amritsar.6 In his annual report for the year 1949, the Chemical Examiner, Bengal, mentions a case in which a man, aged 50 years, committed rape on a girl, aged 6 years. He detected spermatozoa in the vaginal swab and in the urethral smears of the male. Age of Victim.—No age is safe from rape. Chevers7 records a case where a wretch was sentenced at Delhi to twenty years' imprisonment for rape committed on a woman of seventy years. In his annual report for the year 1949, the Chemical Examiner of Bengal describes a case of rape com- mitted on an old woman, 60 years old, resident of Gaya. However, it is comparatively easy for lusty brutes to commit rape on children, as they are ignorant of the world and are unable to offer resistance. In India, as in other countries, rape on children is common owing to the superstitious belief that gonorrhoea and syphilis are cured by sexual intercourse with a virgin. The younger a girl the greater is the probability of her being a virgin. To tiiese may be added the cause of retaliation on the part of parents on account of previous enmity as a motive for rape on children. A case came under tfty observation at Agra, where a man committed rape on a girl of eight ys^-s, the daughter of his mistress, with whom he had had a quarrel. He infected the girl with syphilis. A case 8 occurred in Banda District, where an old man of nearly 55 years of age ravished a girl of 14 years by way of rwenge, because he harboured a grudge against the girl's father and uncle as they treated him as an outcast and refused to dine with him. Ike following table gives the age at which rape was committed in one imndred and thirty-four cases examined by me at Lucknow:— From 2 to 4 years old........................ 3 From 5 to 9 years old........................ 40 From 10 to 14 years old........................ 68 From 15 to 20 years old........................ 22 SO years old........................ i Total 134 EXAMINATION OF THE VICTIM female on whom rape is alleged to have been committed should be to giw b«r own account of the act without any questions being put to her. S^£ should never be examined without her written consent taken in the preseace of a witness if she is of and over twelve years of age and is capable of tmfe^tamimg the nature and the implication of the examination, or without the written consent of her parent or guardian, if she is a child twelw years of age or a feeble-minded person (vide sec. 90, LP.C,, IV). Tbe examination of a female without her consent is in law as an assaiit It must be remembered that the Police or Giort has no power of compelling a woman to submit the private parts of ter person to tfee e&amimtion of a medical practitioner, male or female. In a case * wifaere Gopal and two others were p^oseeuted for abduction of one HasM&mar, &e Session JtuJge of Ahmedafead held -that for/qe cannot be used % the Ifegfetof^,,0*,lafe sufxwdmate m Hie medical examination of the * "' '