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internal to the sphincter ani in several cases, but a typical triangular wound
only in a few cases. These signs may not be perceptible in cases where the
active agent has introduced his penis slowly and carefully without using
force into the anus of the passive agent who is a consenting party.

3.    Blood may be found around the anus, on the perinaeum or thighs,
and also on the clothes.

4.    Semen may be found in or at the anus, on the perinseum or on the
garments of the boy too young to have seminal emissions.               *

In his annual report for the year 1923, the Chemical Examiner of the United Pro-
vinces of Agra and Oudh reports a case charged under section 377 of the Indian Penal
Code from AHahabacl, in which spermatozoa were detected on the trousers of a boy,
aged 2 years. In his annual report for the year 1946, a case from Unao is also men-
tioned, where a man, aged 25 years, committed sodomy on a boy, 6 years old. Blood
and semen were detected on the clothing of both the accused and the victim.

5.    Signs of a struggle, such as bruises, scratches, etc., on his person, if
he is a grown-up boy, and if he is not a consenting party.

6.   Prolapse of the anus.

7.    Gonorrhoea! discharge, or the presence of a syphilitic chancre.

8.   The presence of faecal matter around the anus is a corroborative

As in rape a passive agent is sometimes murdered after the act of

On the 29th of January 1911, post-mortem examination was held by me on the body
of a Hindu boy, twelve years old, residing at Tajganj in Agra, when it was found that
the boy had a laceration in the anus and death was due to the effects of irritant poison-
ing (arsenic). He was either poisoned after the commission of sodomy, or "being mortified
with shame, he committed suicide by taking the poison after the act.


The signs usually met with in a passive agent habituated to the act of
sodomy are as follows :—

1.   The shaving of the anal hair but not necessarily the pubic hair.

In a murder case that occurred in Lucknow on the 20th December 1918, a motive
was ascertained for the murder by noticing at the autopsy the shaving of the anal hair
and the presence of pubic hah* on the body of the victim, a sowwr (lancer), about nine-
teen years oldr who was alleged to be a passive agent, and who was killed by his fellow
sowar of the fifth cavalry.

2.    A funnel-shaped depression of the buttocks towards the anus.   But
this may be absent in strong healthy persons who are habituated to the act
as passive agents, while it may be natural in thin individuals or old women.

A Brahmin, aged about 40, who, according to his own statement, had been a pathic
for at least twenty years, had a typical Hunterian chancre, situated one inch in front of
the anus, which he admitted to have contracted from one of his friends. The genitals
were well formed and there was no deformation of the anal region, no infundibulum
or loss of rugae, and the tone of the sphincter was normal.—Sutherland, Ind. Med. Gaz.,
June 1902, p. 245.

3.   The dilated and patulous condition of the anus with disappearance
of its radial folds and the prolapse of the rectal mucosa.    In a dead body
the anal orifice dilates from the relaxation of the sphincter and the protru-
sion of the rectum occurs from decomposition.

4.    Cicatrices of old lacerations in the rectum near the anus.

5.   The presence  of a  gonorrhoeal  discharge,  chancre  or  condylonia.
The active agent may be infected by the passive agent, who is alr^%
afflicted with gonorrhoea or syphilis.                                                       '/'A

On the 8th August 1921,1 examined a boy of Police-Station Chowk, who was ate<3Eise4
as a passive agent in a case of an -unnatural offence under section 377, IPXX He iaail