BESTIALITY TRIBADISM 329 This form of mental aberration, which is known as Lesbian love or Lesbianism, is practised by one woman on another and consists in friction of the external genital organs by mutual bodily contact for the gratification of the sexual desire. 'It is said that in some instances an unduly developed clitoris is used as an instrument of passion, while in other cases some artificial contrivance is employed. Aristophanes1^ mentions the use of an artificial penis or phallus by Milesian females. This sort of sexual inversion is found among some women, though such cases have been rarely brought before a court of law. In a case 15 where a husband petitioned for divorce on the ground of his wife's cruelty the Judge held that a wife's unnatural relations with other women, coupled with neglect of her husband and home, which so preyed upon the husband's health that it broke down3 constituted a course of conduct which not only injured the health but gave rise to reasonable apprehension of future injury; therefore the husband was entitled to a decree. Homosexual women are generally mental degenerates, and have very often natural antipathy and indifference towards individuals of the opposite sex. On the other hand, they are so morbidly jealous of the women with whom they are in inverted love that they are sometimes incited to commit even murder. BESTIAUTY This means sexual intercourse by a human being with a lower animal and is punishable under section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. Sexual intercourse usually takes place through the vagina, but it may take place through the anus or any other orifice fit to receive the male genital organ. In one case 16 sexual intercourse per nose with a bullock was regarded as a case of bestiality within the terms of section 377, I.P.C. The lower animals that are selected for this purpose are cows, mares, she-asses, goats, bitches and even hens. Cases of bestiality, though rare, do occur among young and vigorous villagers, who go out to graze cattle in fields far away from the gaze of the human eye. Owing to loneliness and proximity of the animals they are excited to commit this abominable crime. Some of these men have mental abnormalities. The crime of bestiality is also seen in some ignorant men, who have a superstitious belief that they are cured of gonorrhoea by committing sexual intercourse with a she-ass. In cases of bestiality the perpetrators of the crime are caught red handed ; medical evidence, therefore, is not required to prove the offence. But, as false accusations by village chavMdars and others are not uncommon in India, it is necessary that both the accused and the animal alleged to have been used for the purpose should be examined by a medical officer. The only important signs confirming the commissions of the crime are the presence of human spermatozoa in the vaginal or anal canal of the animal, and the presence of the animal hairs especially of its external genitals, on the person or the clothing of the accused together with some suspicious stains of the dung or blood, or abrasions on his generative organ. In addition, there may be the marks of injuries on the person of the acctised caused by kicks, teeth or claws of the animal. Sometimes, lacerations 14 Casper, Forensic Med^ Eng. TransL, Vol. HE, r>. 335. 15. Gardner v. Gardner (1947, AIL KR. 630); Medico-Legal Jour-, VoL XV, 1947, p. 90. 16. Khandu, (1933), 35, PXJEt 73, 35 Crim. Law Jour., 1934, p. 1096; Baferfsii "" ' Law of Crimes, Ed. XTO, p. 917.