408 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE 2Q.~ Removing the patient in the absence of the attending physician to a hospital or a nursing home or transferring him to the care of his assistants by a consulting practitioner. 21. Doing anything that means unfair competition. 22. Talking disparagingly of his colleague who attended the case before him or attends with him at a consultation. 23. Examining and reporting on employees at the instruction of the employer without previously intimating the regular attendant of the employee of his commission and giving him the option of being present. 24. Using an unusually large sign board and writing on it anything else other than his name, qualifications obtained from a university or a statutory body, titles conferred by Government and the name of a speciality he practised. The same should be the contents of his prescription paper, which may, in addition, contain address and telephone numbers. Appoint- ments held now or before should not be mentioned either on the board or prescription paper. 25. Refusing to attend on a patient who has been under his care unless he finds that the patient and his relatives are non-co-operative, or his fees are not paid or another practitioner is consulted without his knowledge. Note.The foregoing do not apply so as to restrict the proper training and instructions of bona fide students or the legitimate employment of dressers, midwives, dispensers, surgery attendants and skilled machanics under the immediate personal supervision of a registered medical practi- tioner. The decision of the Bombay Medical Council, when given after due inquiry and without malice, is final, but, according to section 27 .of the United Provinces Medical Act, 1917, an appeal shall lie to the Local Government from every decision of the Council under section 24 or 26. INTERNATIONAL CODE OF MEDICAL ETHICS The following International Code of Medical Ethics was accepted by the World Medical Association at its general meeting held in London on October 12, 1949: I. Duties of Doctors in General.A doctor must always maintain the highest standards of professional conduct. A doctor must not allow himself to be influenced merely by motives of profit. The following practices are deemed unethical: (a) Any self-advertisement except such as is expressly authorized by the national code of medical ethics. (b) Taking part in any plan of medical care in which the doctor does not have professional independence. (c) To receive any money in connection with services rendered to a patient other ihan the acceptance of a proper professional fee, or to pay any money in the same circumstances without the 'knowledge of the patient. -Under no circumstances is a doctor permitted to do anytiiing that would weaken the physical or mental resistance of a human being, except from strictly therapeutic' or prophylactic indications imposed in the interest of the patient. A doctor is advised -to use gi;eat caution in publishing discoveries. The same applies to methods of treatment whose value is not recognized by the profession. When a doctor is called upon to give evidence or a certificate he should only state that which he can verify. H. Duties o-f Doctors to the Sick.A doctor must always bear in mind the impor- tance of preserving human life from the time of conception until death. A doctor owes to ^ his patient complete loyalty and all the resources of his science. Whenever an examination or treatment is beyond his capacity he should summon another doctor who has the* neces&ary ability." - . A doctor owes to his patient absolute secrecy on all which has been confided to or wfaich he knows, because of the confidence entrusted to turn.