POISONS AND THEIR MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS 423 fyy rule regulate the possession of any specified poison in any local area in which the use of such poison for the purpose of committing murder or mischief by poisoning cattle appears to it to be of such frequent occurrence as to render restrictions on the possession thereof desirable. Under the rules made by the Government of the United Provinces in exercise of these powers a medical practitioner who does not possess quali- fications registrable under the United Provinces Medical Act, 1917, is not to be granted a licence for the sale of any of the following poisonous preparations of the British Pharmacopoeia : — (1) Atropine—its salts and B.P. preparations ; (2) Chloroform and all preparations containing more than 20 per cent of chloroform; (3) Cocaine, its salts and BJ?. prepara- tions ; (4) B.P. preparations of Dhatura; (5) Diethyl-Barbituric acid and such deriva- tives as Veronal, Proponal, Medinal; (6) Digitalis and its B.P. preparations; (7) Homa- tropine hydrobromide and its preparations ; (8) Hyoscine hydrobromide; (9) Hyoscya- mine sulphate; (10) All B.P. preparations of Nux Vomica containing more than 0.2 per cent of strychnine, and all its alkaloids with their salts and preparations; (11) Oxalic Acid ; (12) Phosphorus and all preparations containing 0.005 or more per cent of free phosphorus; (13) Physostigmine sulphate; (14) Pilocarpine nitrate; (15) Prussic acid and all preparations containing more than 0.1 per cent of it. Note.—"Preparations" or "B.P. preparations" in the above-mentioned list refer to preparations official in the British Pharmacopoeia, 1932 edition, except item No. 4 (Preparations of Dhatura) included in the 1914 edition of the British Pharmacopoeia. It is also provided that a licence-holder shall not sell powdered white arsenic to any person unless the same is, before the sale thereof, mixed with soot in the proportion of an ounce of soot at least to one pound of white arsenic, or with indigo or Prussian blue in the proportion of half an ounce of indigo or Prussian blue to one pound of arsenic, and so on in proportion for any greater or less quantity. Provided that the licensing authority may, after full investigation and reference, if necessary, to higher authorities, permit on such conditions and with such restrictions as it thinks necessary any licence-holder to sell white arsenic without any admixture. With a view to regulating the cultivation, manufacture, importation, exportation, possession, sale and use of dangerous drugs, especially those derived from opium, Indian hemp and coca leaf in accordance with the Geneva Convention or in pursuance of any international convention, the Indian Legislature passed in 1930 the Dangerous Drugs Act (Act No. n of 1930), which extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and provides uniform penalties for offences relating to the dan- gerous drugs. The object of the Act is to suppress the contraband traffic in and abuse of dangerous drugs. This Act was amended in 1933 and 1938 and the amended acts are known as the Dangerous Drugs Amendment Act, 1933 (Act No. XXVI of 1933), and the Dangerous Drugs Amendment Act, 193& (Act No. IHof 1938). The drugs to which the Dangerous Drugs Act applies are— 1. The leaf and young twigs of any coca plant, i.e. of the erythroxylon coca and the erythroxylon notio-granatense and their varieties, and of any other species of this genus which the Central Government may, by notification in the Gazette of India, declare to be coca plants for the purposes of tfois Act; and any mixture thereof with or without neutral materials; but does not in^etticte any preparation containing not more than 0.1 per cent of cocaine. 2. Crude cocaine, i.e. any extract of coca leaf which can be used, directly or in- directly for the manufacture of cocaine. 3. Ecgonine, i.e. Isevo-ecgonine having the chemical formula CsHasNOaHsO, and all the derivatives of laevo-ecgonine from which it can be recovered. 4. Cocaine, i.e. methyl-berj^oylrlsevo-ec^onine having the chemical formula iNO*, and its salts. ,'"'«>, 5. All preparations, officinal and non-officinal, containing more1 ihan 6J. ^ of cocaine. . • ' * *• * 1 * - *-. , •>*" "