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POISONS AND THEIR MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS                             423

fyy rule regulate the possession of any specified poison in any local area in
which the use of such poison for the purpose of committing murder or
mischief by poisoning cattle appears to it to be of such frequent occurrence
as to render restrictions on the possession thereof desirable.

Under the rules made by the Government of the United Provinces in
exercise of these powers a medical practitioner who does not possess quali-
fications registrable under the United Provinces Medical Act, 1917, is not
to be granted a licence for the sale of any of the following poisonous
preparations of the British Pharmacopoeia : —

(1) Atropine—its salts and B.P. preparations ; (2) Chloroform and all preparations
containing more than 20 per cent of chloroform; (3) Cocaine, its salts and BJ?. prepara-
tions ; (4) B.P. preparations of Dhatura; (5) Diethyl-Barbituric acid and such deriva-
tives as Veronal, Proponal, Medinal; (6) Digitalis and its B.P. preparations; (7) Homa-
tropine hydrobromide and its preparations ; (8) Hyoscine hydrobromide; (9) Hyoscya-
mine sulphate; (10) All B.P. preparations of Nux Vomica containing more than 0.2 per
cent of strychnine, and all its alkaloids with their salts and preparations; (11) Oxalic
Acid ; (12) Phosphorus and all preparations containing 0.005 or more per cent of free
phosphorus; (13) Physostigmine sulphate; (14) Pilocarpine nitrate; (15) Prussic acid
and all preparations containing more than 0.1 per cent of it.

Note.—"Preparations" or "B.P. preparations" in the above-mentioned list refer
to preparations official in the British Pharmacopoeia, 1932 edition, except item No. 4
(Preparations of Dhatura) included in the 1914 edition of the British Pharmacopoeia.

It is also provided that a licence-holder shall not sell powdered white
arsenic to any person unless the same is, before the sale thereof, mixed with
soot in the proportion of an ounce of soot at least to one pound of white
arsenic, or with indigo or Prussian blue in the proportion of half an ounce
of indigo or Prussian blue to one pound of arsenic, and so on in proportion
for any greater or less quantity.

Provided that the licensing authority may, after full investigation and
reference, if necessary, to higher authorities, permit on such conditions and
with such restrictions as it thinks necessary any licence-holder to sell white
arsenic without any admixture.

With a view to regulating the cultivation, manufacture, importation,
exportation, possession, sale and use of dangerous drugs, especially those
derived from opium, Indian hemp and coca leaf in accordance with the
Geneva Convention or in pursuance of any international convention, the
Indian Legislature passed in 1930 the Dangerous Drugs Act (Act No. n of
1930), which extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and
Kashmir, and provides uniform penalties for offences relating to the dan-
gerous drugs. The object of the Act is to suppress the contraband traffic in
and abuse of dangerous drugs. This Act was amended in 1933 and 1938 and
the amended acts are known as the Dangerous Drugs Amendment Act, 1933
(Act No. XXVI of 1933), and the Dangerous Drugs Amendment Act, 193&
(Act No. IHof 1938).

The drugs to which the Dangerous Drugs Act applies are—

1.   The leaf and young twigs of any coca plant, i.e. of the erythroxylon coca and the
erythroxylon notio-granatense and their varieties, and of any other species of this genus
which the Central Government may, by notification in the Gazette of India, declare to
be coca plants for the purposes of tfois Act; and any mixture thereof with or without
neutral materials; but does not in^etticte any preparation containing not more than 0.1
per cent of cocaine.

2.   Crude cocaine, i.e. any extract of coca leaf which can be used, directly or in-
directly for the manufacture of cocaine.

3.   Ecgonine, i.e. Isevo-ecgonine having the chemical formula CsHasNOaHsO, and all
the derivatives of laevo-ecgonine from which it can be recovered.

4.   Cocaine, i.e. methyl-berj^oylrlsevo-ec^onine having the chemical formula
iNO*, and its salts.                           ,'"'«>,

5.   All preparations, officinal and non-officinal, containing more1 ihan 6J. ^
of cocaine.    .                                •  '                 *            *•    *        1 *    - *-.       , •>*" "