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424                                              MEDICAL JURISPRUBKN'CE

6.   The leaves, small stalks and flowering or fruiting tops of the Indian hemp plant
(Cannabis sativa), including all forms known as bhang, siddhi, or ganja.

7.    Charas, i.e. the resin obtained from the Indian hemp plant, which has not been
submitted to £Ey manipulations other than those necessary for packing and transport.

8.   Any mixture, with or without neutral materials, of any of the above forms of
hemp or any drink, prepared therefrom.

9.   Medical hemp, i.e. any extract or tincture of hemp.

10.   The capsules of the poppy (Papaver somnrferum) .

11.   The  spontaneously  coagulated juice  of poppy  capsules  which  has  not been
submitted to any manipulations other than those necessary for packing and transport.

12.   Any mixture, with or without neutral materials, of poppy capsules or coagulated
juice of opium ; but does not include any preparation containing not more than 0.2 per
cent of morphine.

13.   Medicinal  opium,  i.e.  opium which has undergone the  process  necessary to
adapt it for medicinal use in accordance with the requirements of the British Pharma-
copoeia,  whether in powder form or granulated  or otherwise or mixed with neutral

14.   Prepared opium, i.e. any product of opium obtained by any series of operations
designed to transform opium into an extract suitable for smoking, and the dross or other
residue remaining after opium is smoked.

15.   Morphine, i.e. the principal alkaloid of opium having the  chemical formula

and its salts.

16.   Diacetylmorphine, i.e. the alkaloid also known as diamorphine or heroin, having
the chemical formula CrJEJisNOs, and its salts.

17. All preparations, officinal and non-officinal, containing more than 0.2 per cent
of morphine, or containing any diaceiylmorphine.

The committee responsible under the United Nations for dealing with
the international control of narcotic drugs have decided to introduce a new
convention so as to bring under control certain synthetic drugs, especially
of the amidine series, which are capable of producing addiction, and which
are not covered by the convention of July 13, 1931, as amended on December
11, 1946. Under this new convention the manufacture of these drugs,
including their preparations and compounds, will be limited by international
agreement to the world's legitimate requirements for medicinal and scientific
purposes, and their distribution will also be regulated accordingly.

The Drugs Act, 1940 (Act No. XXIII of 1940), which extends to the
whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir, was passed by the
Indian Legislature for the purpose of regulating the import into, and the
manufacture, distribution, and sale in India of drugs, such as (1) patent or
proprietary medicines, (2) substances commonly known as vaccines, sera,
toxins, toxoids, antitoxins, and antigens and biological products of such
nature, (3) vitamins, hormones and analogous products, and (4) other drugs,
which are meant for the internal and external use of human beings or
animals and are also intended to be used for or in the treatment, mitigation
or prevention of disease in human beings or animals. This Act is not appli-
cable to medicines and substances exclusively used or prepared for use in
accordance with the Ayurvedic or Unani systems of medicine.

The Drugs Act, 1940, has been recently amended by the Drugs (Amend-
ment) Act, 1955, which came into force on 15th April 1955, by virtue of
which the Act covers in addition to the above, the following : —

" Such substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or
any function of human body or intended to be used for the destruction
of verm ins or insects which cause disease in human beings or animals,
as may be £»pe€ified from time to time by the Central Government by
notification in the Official Gazette."

Hence   insecticides,   disinfectants  and  contraceptives  which   were  so  far
exempted from the purview of this Act are brought into control.