POISONS AND THEIR MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS 425 Under this Act, the Central Government has constituted the Drugs Technical Advisory Board, the Drugs Consultative Committee and the Central Drugs Laboratory. The duties of the Drugs Technical Advisory Board are to advise the Central Government and the State Governments on technical matters arising out of the administration of this Act. The duties of the Drugs Consultative Committee, which is an Advisory Committee, is composed of two representatives of the Central Government and one representative of each State Government is to advise the Central Govern- ment, the State Governments and the Drugs Technical Advisory Board on matters tending to secure uniformity throughout India in the administration of this Act. The duty of the Central Drugs Laboratory is to analyse or test samples of drugs imported into India and picked up by the Officers at the Ports. The Central Drugs Laboratory also acts as the final authority in case of disputes over the results of analysis about which a prose- cution is pending in a Court of Law. The most important provision of this Act is1 that no person shall import, or manufacture for sale, or sell, or stock or exhibit for sale, or distribute any patent or proprietary medicine unless there is displayed on its label or container either the true formula or a list of ingredients contained in it in a manner readily intelligible to mem- bers of the Medical Profession. The Act also empowers the Central Government to specify the diseases or ailments which an imported drug may not claim to cure or mitigate, to prescribe conditions of packing bottles, packages or other containers of imported drugs and to prescribe the maxi- mum proportion of any poisonous substance contained in any imported drug. When taking a sample of a drug for analysis, an inspector is required to pay the fair price thereof and to divide the sample into four portions, which he will dispose of as follows : — (i) one portion he will restore to the vendor; (ii) the second portion he will send to the Government Analyst for test or analysis ; (iii) the third he will retain for production in Court, when required; (iv) the fourth he will send to the warrantor, if any, who will then have the opportunity of ascertaining if in fact he supplied the drug or if it has undergone any change since he supplied it. Offences punishable under this Act can be tried only by a Presidency Magistrate or by a Magistrate of the first class. The Drugs Rules, 1945, under the Drugs Act, 1940, have been made by the Central Government to regulate the import of drugs into India, the func- tions and procedure of the Central Drugs Laboratory and manufacture, distribution and sale in India. Prior to the Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1955, the State Governments had their own Drugs Rules regulating the manufacture, distribution and sale in their respective States, but they were exactly similar to those in the central areas. Now the Central Government has taken over the power of making rules and only Central Rules are applicable throughout India. At present, however, the Drugs Rules are not enforced in some Part B States. The Rules are divided into twelve Parts. Of these Part IV deals with import of drugs and Parts VI and VII deal with sale and manufacture of drugs respectively. Prior to the Amendment Act of 1955, there was a pro- vision in Part III of the Rules to register the formula of patent and proprietary medicine with the Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory, This provision has now been removed with a view to abolishing the undesirable practice of selling medicines under undisclosed formulae.