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Full text of "Medical Jurisprudence And Toxicology"

POISONS AND THEIR MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS                             431

(c) indicate the total amount of the medicine to be supplied and the
dose to be taken.

The person dispensing a medicine must comply with the following
requirements: —

(a) the prescription must not be dispensed more than once unless the
prescriber has stated thereon that it may be dispensed more than
once;

" (b) if the prescription contains a direction that it may be dispensed a
stated number of times or at stated intervals, it must not be dis-
pensed otherwise than in accordance with the directions;
(c) at the time of dispensing there must be noted on the prescription
above the signature of the prescriber, the name and address of the
seller and.the date on which the prescription is dispensed.

The rules regarding the custody and dispensing of poisonous drugs in all
hospitals and dispensaries in India provide that all poisonous drugs shall be
issued by the Government Medical Storekeeper with labels printed on
orange-coloured paper with the word " Poison " in large English and Verna-
cular characters affixed to all bottles, vessels, etc. containing such articles,
that they shall be kept separate from all others in an almirah, box or drawer
to which the word "Poisons" shall be affixed, that written prescriptions
containing poisons shall be dispensed by a State Subordinate Medical Service
or State Medical Service officer attached to a dispensary and not by a com-
pounder "unless he (or she) has put in at least four years' service, and that
a copy of these rules pasted on stiff paper or board shall be suspended in
every apartment where medicines are dispensed.6

Indian Pharmacy Act.—The Pharmacy Act (Act No. VIII of 1948), 1948,
which extends to the whole of India except Part B States was passed by the
Indian Dominion Parliament " to make better provision for the regulation of
the profession of Pharmacy and for that purpose to constitute Pharmacy
Councils". Clause 42 of the Act is the most important and reads as
follows: —

(1)   On or after such date as the State Government may, by notification
in the  Official  Gazette,  appoint in  this  behalf,  no person  other than  a
registered pharmacist shall compound, prepare, mix, or dispense any medi-
cine on the prescription of a medical practitioner except under the direct and
personal supervision of a registered pharmacist:   provided that this sub-
section shall not apply to the dispensing by a medical practitioner for his
own patients, or with the general or special sanction of the State Govern-
ment, for the patients of another medical practitioner.

(2)  Whoever  contravenes the provision of sub-section   (1)   shall be
punishable with simple imprisonment, which may extend to six months, or
with fine or with both.            ,                         ,

(3)   Cognizance of an offence punishable under this section shall not
be taken except upon a complaint made }>y an order of the State Govern-
ment.                                                                    .                •

Under this Act, the Central Council of Pharmacy has already been
constituted. The Central Council has control over the education and exami-
nation of those desirous of entering the profession of Pharmacy. The State
Councils of Pharmacy who have a control over the registration and licensing
of all qualified pharmacists and all establishments where
business of any description is conducted have been formed in some f
though not in all States.                                                                     *

6.   The UJP. Medical Manual* 1934* PP* 61» 62-