722 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE marked irregularity, The respiration was slow and hurried. The pupils were normal and reacted to light. The blood pressure was 120/76. Alter inhaling a few whiffs of ammonia the patient opened his eyes and was able to answer questions. The stomach. was washed out and 1/100 grain of atropine was injected hypodermically every four hours. A dose of magnesium sulphate was given to clear the bowels. Next day the patient was spitting bilious fluid, and felt hungry, Atropine was continued for 8 or 9 days until dilated pupils, dry skin and great thirst were noticed. After complete recovery, he was handed over to the police to take his trial in a law Court.—Bhupendra Mohan Roy, Ind. Med Gaz., Aug. 1927, p. 450. (b) A woman took some powdered seeds of yellow oleander after sho had been dragged and beaten with leather slippers by two persons, and died in two hours. Oleander was detected in the stomach and contents of the deceased.—Madras Chem. Examiner's Annual Report, 1949 ; see also his Ann. Rep., 1950. 3. Homicide.—(i) A Mahomedan male was given by his wife some powder of yellow oleander seeds mixed probably with mercuric chloride in food. Soon after taking the meal, the victim complained of severe burning sensation in the throat and stomach, vomited several times, and expired in 6 to 7 hours. This appears to be an unusual com- bination of poisons for homicidal purposes.—Bengal Chem. Examiner's Annual Report 1948. ' (ii) A case occurred in Bhandara, where a woman tried to murder her husband by giving him some powder of yellow oleander seeds in Ambil, a rice preparation. The powder was mixed up with dirt from the ear of a young buffalo, and was given, to the woman by her paramour.—UJP. Chemical Examiner's Annual Report, 1948 ; see also his Report, 1949. A case is recorded where yellow oleander could be detected in the stomachs and contents of the two bodies that had been exhumed and had undergone decomposition.33 The bark is used as an antipyretic in small doses, 2 grains of the pow- dered bark being equivalent to an ordinary dose of cinchona. In large doses it acts as an emetic and purgative and produces toxic effects. Cerbera Odollam (Dabur or Dhdkur).—This plant belongs to N.O. Apocynacese, is similar in action to Cerbera thevetia and grows in swamps and creeks on the coasts of India and Ceylon. It has fleshy lanceolate leaves, large, white flowers like those of jasmine and green, fibrous fruits enclosing a kernel. The kernel on extraction with petroleum spirit or ordinary ether gives a non-poisonous oil, which is used for burning and anointing the head. An alcoholic extract of the defatted kernels yields a glycoside, cerberin, which is the same as is contained in Cerbera thevetia. In the State of Madras and in the State of Trayancore-Cochin the kernel is criminally taken by women for the purpose of com- mitting suicide and is acci- dentally taken by children in mistake. The symptoms are violent vomiting, purging, irregular re- spiration, general paralysis, col- lapse and death from heart failure. Test—Treated with boiling dilute hydrochloric acid, cer- berin forms a blue or bluish- green colour. Fig. 197.~Cerbera Odollam, 33. Madras Chem. Exam. Annual Rep., 1933, p. 9.