760 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE in charge of the management of that land and every officer employed in the collection of revenue or rent of land on the part of the Crown or the Court of Wards shall forth- with communicate to the nearest magistrate or to the officer in charge of the nearest police-station, whichever is the nearer, any information which he may possess re- or temporary residence of any notorious receiver or vendor of stolen property in any village of which he is headman, accountant, watchman, or police- officer or in which he owns or occupies land, or is agent, or collects revenue or rent; ' (b) the resort to any place within, or the passage through, such village of any person whom he knows, or reasonably suspects, to be a thug, robber, escaped convict or- proclaimed offender ; t , . (c) the commission of, or intention to commit in, or near such village any non- bailable offence or any offence punishable under sections 143, 144, 145, 147 or 148 ot the Indian Penal Code ; ± i i j.i_ (d) the occurrence in or near such village of any sudden or unnatural death or of any death under suspicious circumstances or the discovery in or near such village of any corpse or part of a corpse, in circumstances which lead to a reasonable suspicion that a non-bailable offence has been committed in respect of such person ; (e) the commission of, or intention to commit, at any place out of India near such village any act which, if committed in India, would be an offence punishable under any of the following sections of the Indian Penal Code, namely, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 302, 304, 382, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 402, 435, 436, 449, 450, 457, 458, 459, 460, 489-A, 489-B, 489-C and 489-D ; (/) any matter likely to affect the maintenance of order or the prevention of crime or the safety of person or property respecting which the District Magistrate, by general or special order made with the previous sanction of the State Government, has directed him to communicate information. (2) In this section — (i) " village " includes village-lands ; and (ii) the expression "proclaimed offender" includes any person proclaimed as an offender by any Court or authority established or continued by the Central Government, in respect of any act which, if committed in India, would be punishable under any of the following sections of the Indian Penal Code, namely, 302, 304, 382, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 402, 435, 436, 449, 450, 457, 458, 459, and 460. (3) Subject to rules in this behalf to be made by the State Government, the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate may from time to time appoint one or more persons with his or their consent to perform the duties of a village-headman under this section whether a village-headman has or has not been appointed for that village under any other law. Sec. 54. When Police may arrest without warrant. — (1) Any police-officer may, without an order from a Magistrate and without a warrant, arrest — •_ , First, any person who has been concerned in any cognizable offence or against whom a reasonable complaint has been made or .credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists of his having been so concerned ; Secondly, any person having in his possession without lawful excuse, the burden of proving which excuse shall lie on such person, any implement of house-breaking ; Thirdly, any person who has been proclaimed as an offender under this Code or by order of the Local Government ; Fourthly, any person in whose possession anything is found which may reasonably be suspected to be stolen property and who may reasonably be suspected of having committed an offence with reference to such thing ; , Fifthly, any person who obstructs a police-officer while in the execution of his duty. or who has escaped,, or attempts to escape, from lawful custody ; Sixthly, any person reasonably suspected of being a deserter from the Indian Army, Navy or Air Force [or from any unit of the armed forces maintained by Part B States] ; Seventhly , any person who has been concerned in, or against whom a reasonable complaint has been made or credible information has been received or a reasonable suspicion exists of his paving been concerned in, any act committed at any place out of Mia which, if committed in India, would have been punishable as an offence, and for which he -is, under any law relating to extradition or otherwise, liable to be apprehended or detained in custody in India ; 565, - C0rmnitting a breach of any "^ made under section arrest a re<*uisiti°n ^as been received from another specifies *« Person to *>e alTest^ and the to to be made and it appears therefrom that arrested ^i<hout a warrant by ^ °*cer who issued the . (2) This section applies also to the police in the town of Calcutta.