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Full text of "Medical Jurisprudence And Toxicology"

772                                               MEDICAL  JURISPRUDENCE

92. Act done in good faith for the benefit of a person without consent.—Nothing is
an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause to a person for whose benefit it is
done in good faith, even without that person's consent, if the circumstances are such
that it is impossible for that person to signify consent, or if that person is incapable of
giving consent, and has no guardian or other person in lawful charge of him from whom
it is possible to obtain consent in time for the thing to be done with benefit: Provided : —

First.—That this exception shall not extend to the intentional causing of death or
the attempting to cause death;                                                    . ,           , .         , . ,

Secondly.—That this exception shall not extend to the doing of any thing which
the person doing it knows to be likely to cause death for any purpose other than the
preventing of death or grievous hurt, or the curing of any grievous disease or infirmity ;

Thirdly—That this exception shall not extend to the voluntary causing of hurt, or
to the attempting to cause hurt, for any purpose other than the preventing of death or

Fourthly.—That this exception shall not extend to the abetment of any offence, to
the committing of which offence it would not extend,

176. Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally
bound to give it.—Whoever, being legally bound to give any notice or to furnish infor-
mation on any subject to any public servant, as such, intentionally omits to give such
notice or to furnish such information in the manner and at the time required by law,
shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month,
or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both ; or,

if the notice or information required to be given respects the commission of an
offence, or is required for the purpose of preventing the commission of an offence, or
in order to the apprehension of an offender, with simple imprisonment for a term which
may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or
with both.

191.   Giving false evidence.—Whoever being legally bound by an oath or by any
express provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration
upon any subject, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or
believes to be false, or does not believe to be true, is said to give false evidence,

Explanation l.—A statement is within the meaning of this section, whether it is
made verbally or otherwise.

Explanation 2/—A false statement as to the belief of the person attesting is within
the meaning of this section, and a person may be guilty of giving false evidence by
stating that he believes a thing which he does not believe, as well as by stating that he
knows a thing which he does not know.

192.   Fabricating  false  evidence.—Whoever   causes  any   circumstance   to   exist,   or
makes any false entry in any book or record, or makes any document containing a false
statement, intending that such circumstance, false entry, or false statement may appear
hi evidence in a judicial proceeding, or in a proceeding taken by law before a public
servant as such, or before an arbitrator and that such circumstance, false entry, or false
statement, so appearing in evidence, may cause any person who in such proceeding is
to form an opinion upon the evidence to entertain an erroneous opinion touching any
point material to the result of such proceeding, is said to " fabricate false evidence ",

193.    Punishment for  false evidence.—Whoever  intentionally  gives  false  evidence
in any stage of a judicial proceeding, or fabricates false evidence 1'or the purpose of being
used in any stage of a judicial proceeding,  shall be  punished  with  imprisonment of
either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable
to fine;

and whoever intentionally gives or fabricates false evidence in any other case, shall
be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
three years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Explanation l.—A trial before a Court martial is a judicial proceeding,

Explanation 2.—An investigation directed by law preliminary to a proceeding be-
fore a Court of Justice, is a stage of a judicial proceeding, though that investigation may
not take place before a Court of Justice.

197. Issuing or signing false certificate.—Whoever issues or signs any certificate
required by law to be given or signed, or relating to any fact of which such certificate
is by law ^ admissible in evidence, knowing or believing that such certificate is false in
any material point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence,

201. Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving Mse information to
screen offender.—Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been
committed, causes any evidence of the commission of that offence to disappear, with the
intention of screening the offender from legal punishment, or with that intention gives
any information respecting the offence which he knows or believes to be false,

shall, if the offence which he knows or believes to have been committed is punish-
able with death, be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which
may extend to seven years,- and shall also be liable to fine;