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Full text of "Metallurgy Of Cast Iron"

598                                       INDEX.
Carbon Combined—                                                             PAGE.
Variations in the sand, ramming and venting affecting
the .....................................137, 138, 454 4§5
Its appearance in fractures ............................  206
Where the lowest  is  found...........................  206
Variations of, being more effective than graphite in altering the grade of iron................................. 207
The importance of understanding the effects other elements have in forming...............................  262
Determining its utility in electrical work castings......284
Power of sulphur and manganese to promote......285, 420
The thickness of a casting and the time taken to solidify
and   cool   regulating  the................286, 420, 422, 453
Tests proving that the higher the combined carbon, the lower the melting point of metals................354, 355
Carbon, Graphitic—
Removal from fracture and grain of iron by brushing. ...   117
Methods of moulding, altering percentage of............   137
Rate     of    cooling    castings     affecting    the    creation
of   .................................167, 221, 286, 420-422
Its effects in decreasing the contraction of iron.......... 395
Its   appearance   in   fractures..........................  206
Enlarging  the  grain  of  iron.......................420-421
Principles involved in the formation of............420, 421
Carbonic Oxide and Acid Gases—
Heat units contained in and creation of.................    71
Explosive nature of oxide gas........................    86
Castings—Gray and General-Best composition to resist fusion or high temperatures. .  230
Different  kinds  made,  showing  forty  specialties.......  252
Character of those having steel scrap mixed in. .265, 2^7, 275 Description of the color, grain, etc., of different grades
of iron used in..........................461-469, 558-569
The A. F. A. specification for test bars and gray iron.580-583 jXti,   jH»j