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STEFAN   GEORGE  AND   HIS   CIRCLE                 129

her of which appeared in 1892. The title suggests the French
symbolist review Ecrits pour Fart. The review ended in 1919 with
the eleventh and twelfth series; it had lasted twenty-seven years,
a long period for so esoteric a publication. It is of the greatest
importance in the literary history of the period, and fortunately
the best of what appeared in it is available in the three volumes
of selections (Auslese aus den Jahren 1892-1898; 1898-1904; 1904-
1909). For the journal wrote the band of disciples, 'der Kreis urn
Stefan George\ joined as the years passed by Karl Wolfskehl, Alfred
Schuler, Friedrich Gundolf, and others who must be dealt with
separately for their own work. Distinguished foreigners, too, came
in and carried the doctrine to their own country: thus Willem
Kloos and Albert Verwey initiated in Holland the new movement
in verse which is known as De Nieuwe Gids Beweging (because the
poets concerned wrote for the journal De Nieuwe Gids\ while
Poland was represented by Waclaw Lieder, for whose sake George
learned Polish, and England by Cyril Scott, who as a handsome
boy of seventeen studying music at Frankfurt was admitted to
inner intimity with George, although the English lad's laughing
cynicism (he could not even take the Master himself seriously)
kept a dividing-line between the two. Cyril Scott afterwards pub-
lished a selection of translations of George's poetry and described
their relations in his Years of Indiscretion (1924). What George ex-
pected from the Circle emerges from a strange poem in Der Stern

So weit eroffne sich geheime kunde
Dass voll^ahl mehr gilt ah der teile tucht
Dass neues wesen vorbricht durch die runde
Und steigertjeden ein^elgliedes wucht:
AMS diesem liebesring dem nichts entfalle
Holt kraft sichjeder mm Tempeleis
Und seine eigne - grossre - schiesst in alle
Undflutet wieder mckwarts in den kreis.

The first number oiBldtterfur die Kunst proclaims the intention
>f the group to begin with poems from which rules can be deduced:
he aim is, we are told, die geistige kunst auf gmnd einer neuen
'uhheise und machf. (?Mache\ normally a sarcastic or mercantile
vord, is here, in accordance with Georgean theory, ennobled by
ts context.) In the first Hefte, as far as the actual ooems are