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350                  MODERN   GERMAN  LITERATURE

peasant tale. ALFRED HUGGENBERGER (1876- ) follows in the wake
of Keller; e.g. in Die Frauen von Siebenacker (1925), in which a
strong woman rescues a farm which her weak husband would
otherwise have lost. Die Bauern von Steig (1912) is the novel of a
whole Swiss village; short peasant tales are Dorfgenossen (1914),
Die heimliche Macht (1919), and Der Kampfmit dem Leben (1926).
Huggenberger, who, though famous as an author, still worked
his farm, related the story of his youth in Der Brunnen der Heimat
(1927). JAKOB CHRISTOPH HEER (1859-1925) is best known for his
novels Der Konig der Bernina (1900), the scene of which is the
Engadine, and Joggeli (1923), one of the novels of youth psycho-
logy which are a feature of the period. An heiligen Wassern (1898)
has the mountains of Valais for scene. ERNST ZAHN (1867-1952),
who kept the railway restaurant at Goschenen on the St. Gotthard
railway, builds more on mountain scandal than on regional ideal-
ism (Albin Indergand, 1901; Die Clari-Marie, 1904; Lukas Hoch-
strassers Haus, 1907). Gewalt uber ihnen (1929) is a somewhat limp
study of senile eroticism in an Alpine setting. HEINRICH FEDERER
(1866-1927), a Brienz man, reaches a higher literary level than
Ernst Zahn. He was a Catholic priest till ill health forced him to
resign, and this explains the religious mood of his stories (Lach-
weiler Geschicbten, 1911; Berge und Menschen, 1911; Pilatus, 1912).
The Black Forest is represented by the sturdy figure of HEINRICH
HANSJAKOB (1837-1916), the Stadtpfarrer of Freiburg. The son
of an innkeeper and baker at Haslach in the Kinzigtal, he was a
classical master in schools, but made himself impossible in this
capacity by his fighting propensities as a politician; relegated to a
parish on the shore of the Lake of Constance, he emerged as one
of the fieriest Ultramontane fighters in the Baden Landtag, and as
such fought Bismarck tooth and nail in the Kulturkampf. In 1878,
politically disillusioned, he turned to literature, and wrote his
charming Aus meiner Jugend^eit (1880), which he followed up with
AMS miner Studien^eit (1885). His racy peasant tales are garnered
in Wilde Kirschen (1888); Schneeballen (1892); Bauernblut (1896);
Er^bamm (1899).

The new aspects of the regional tale shape themselves in the
north. In Schleswig-Holstein there was a model in Theodor Storm;
his tales are not of the peasant type, but he does describe his home-
land. Particularly he gives us - as Hermann Allmers does in his
Marschenbuch (1858), the first fine description of this region - the