376 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE ness in Der Trinker (1950), published after his early death. Through all of Fallada's serious fiction runs the problem of character with its strength (Der eiserne Gustav) or weakness; the hero breaks his fate or is broken by it, as he is in Wer einmal aus dem TSkchnapffrisst (1934); here a released prisoner fights hard to recover a place in the social scale, but finds himself at last back in prison. If in Fallada's tales there is a return to the Mdrchen in those of ERNST PENZOLDT (1892- ) there is a new phase of the idyll. He began with poems (Der Gefdhrte) and turned to silver-pencilled prose in Idyllen (192.3). His Novelle Der arme Chatter ton (1928) probes the secret of the very nature of poetry: the boy-poet dreams himself into his tragic illusion. In Der Zwrg (i 927) Penzoldt dreams his idyllic moods into the days of rococo in his own Franconia.