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386                   MODERN   GERMAN   LITERATURE

logically interesting but generally speaking repulsive features of
the 'case'.

There is a hectic tempo and a heaping up of lurid horror touched
up by expressionistic psychology in the historical novels of ALFRED
NEUMANN (1895-1952). He made his reputation with Der Teufel
(1926), a melodramatic handling of Olivier le Daim in his relation-
ships with Louis XI and his court. The background of fLebellen
(1927) and its sequel Guerra (1928) is formed by the Carbonari
risings in Italy. History is detailed in Konigin Christine von Schmden
(193 5), but the thrill is in the erotic peculiarity of the gueen, her
early Lesbian experiment, her love for the Marquis de la Gardie
(who presented the silver codex of Ulfilas to the University of
Upsala) and., in Rome, for Cardinal Azzolino. 'The tragedy of the
nineteenth century' is unrolled in a trilogy of novels which chron-
icle the life and times of the Emperor Napoleon III: "Neuer Casar
(1934), Kaiserreich (1936), Die Volksfreunde (1941). Es waren ihrer
sechs (1944) deals with a rebellion of students against Hitler during
World War II.

The sexual extravagance is horrific in ROBERT NEUMANN'S (i 897-)
Struensee- (1935); this fascinating doctor is a disciple of Rousseau,
whose ideas he tries to put into practice when he rises to power
in Denmark; the novel presents him as a political and social re-
former, a Socialist or even Communist of the Jew type, while the
Danish aristocrats are represented as decadent sexual brutes. Sir
Basil Zaharoff (1934) romanticizes the career of the 'armaments
king', who came from the slums of Constantinople to be the
richest man in Europe. Sintflut (1929) plays round the antics of
financiers in the Vienna of our day, while the satire of Die Macht
(1932) is aimed at the Nazis. In 1932 Robert Neumann emigrated
to England and wrote in English (Blind'Man'sBuff, 1949); several
of his novels (Die Kinder von Wien, 1948; Die Puppen von Poscbansk,
1952) have been translated from English into German, His anec-
dotal Erinnerungen an Menschen und Gespenster (1957) is a book of
memoirs, while Mem altes Haus in Kent (1957) tells the story of the
cottage in which he settled in Kent and of what has happened to
him there; the two books together commemorate his sixtieth

BRUNO FRANK (1887-1945) has expressionistic humanityhand a
fine Jewish culture, but in style and outlook he is a solid, sefisible
Liberal, almost old-fashioned (by comparison) in his directness of