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408                 MODERN   GERMAN   LITERATURE

Where Goetz attempts other than German history he falls off, as
in Robert Emmet (1927) or Kuckkuckseier (1934), which pictures
Shakespeare in country retirement in his old age. His great success
after Gneisenauvt&s Der Minis terprdsident(\^(^. The Prime Minister
is apparently modelled on Bismarck. His son elopes, just as war is
about to break out, with the Herzogin (there are no names, only
titles), the daughter of the Prime Minister's most powerful enemy;
the Herzogin admits that she throws herself at the man for political
purposes. The play is essentially a fflichtdrama\ the son gives the
woman up, because he cannot desert. The characterization is good;
the dialogue is subtle, racy, and ultra-modern, and there is real
wit, with effective contrast of characters. Kampf urns Heich (1939)
portrays Fieldmarshal von Arnheimb as the pattern of a statesman
during the Thirty Years War. Goetz has also written popular
fiction. In Reise ins 'Blaue (1920) the British Government sends, at
Napoleon's request, a bevy of girls to St. Helena to amuse the
band of devotees still with him. Das Gralswunder (1926) is a comic
story of the film world. He has also written critical work: Du und
die Literatur (1951), and biographies: Napoleon (1926), Goethe
(1938), Mozart (1941), Schiller (1944).

Though CURT GOTZ (1888- ), who lived for some time in Holly-
wood, is a namesake and almost of the same age as Wolfgang he is
at the opposite end of dramatic creation. Curt's set purpose is to
entertain, at whatever level, not to inculcate Prussian virtues.
There is the lightest possible touch in the five grotesque sketches
^iNachtMeuchtung(^i^} and in Menagerie (1910). There is a species
of family relationship running from the comedy Ingeborg (1921)
through the three one-act pkys of Die tote Tante (1924) and the
comedy Das Hatts in Montevideo (1946). In Dr. med. Hiob Pratorius
(1932) a doctor is on the track of the bacillus responsible for silli-
ness. There is the same irresponsible sensationalism in the legend'
Tafjana (1949) and his erotic novel Die Tote von Beverly Hills (1951).
No one in the Vienna of today would doubt for a moment that
FRANZ THEODOR csoKOR (1885-; pronounce Tschokor) is in the
front rank of the writers of the present generation. It is more or
less a */#/that as a dramatist he counts as equal with Zuckmayer
and Bert Brecht, principally because his dramas are built up round
the social and political problems of today. He described his war
experiences in two books: Als Zivilist im polnischen Krieg (1939) and
AJs Zivilist im 'Ealkankneg (1947). As a narrative prose writer he is