438 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE Der Gigant was filmed as Diegoldene Stadt^ Gabriek Dambrone as Am bohen Meer. In his peasant tales too there is the same submission to Church doctrine offset by the animal urge away from it. In Die Ascbe des Fegefeuers (1931) he tells the story of his upbringing as a village Heiligenbublehr, murders abound. A farmer's obstinate cling- ing to his farm - as in Schonherr's Hrde - and the relinquishment to his heir of farm and the girl he desired for himself is the theme o£Leben aus Gottes Hand (193 5). In Das verscbenkte Leben (1936) the circus rider Pedro Klingsor1 returns to the quiet village he left as Peter Klinger, and, to save his dying mother, sells his soul to the devil, who tempts him in the shape of a gipsy. His mother re- covers, but Peter dies of consumption ~~ after a last violent effort to recover for the sake of his passion for a woman. Billinger's early poetry (Lob Gottes, 1923; fiber die Acker, 1923; Gedichte, 1929) was collected in Sichelam Himmel(i$$i)\ then followed DerPfoil im Wappen (1932), Die Nachlmche (1935), Holder Morgen (1942), The pith of this lyric outpouring is symbolization of Catholic ritual flanked by vignettes of farming life and age-old village custom, with here and there a flash of Communistic revolt, as in Gebet der Kmchte und Magde, and there is the crude criminal passion of the peasant plays in such a poem as Knechtsballade. KARL HEINRICH WAGGERL (i 879- ), who was born in Bad Gastein as the son of a carpenter but has made his home at Wagrain in the Salzburg country, found his feet with his novel Brot (1930), which shows the influence of Knut Hamsun's Segen der Erde. Village life forms the staple otSchweresftlitt (1931), Das Wksenlwch (1932), and Du und Angelika (1933), while Das Jabr des Herrn (1934) has auto- biographical elements - it was filmed with Waggerl himself as village schoolmaster (one of the half a dozen trades he has lived by, from lift-boy to Alpine guide). Unmarried mothers and a mid- wife - a finely drawn figure - come into the texture of Mutter (Z93 5)> a&d the two wars into Und rnnn du willst, vergiss (1950). His Novellen have their scenes in the Salzburg localities of his home- land, which he describes in Wagmimr Tagebuch (1936). His legends - Kahndergeschichten (1937), etc. -, more or less in the manner of Gottfried Keller's Siebenl^egenden, are naive rather than subtle; for the most part they assume the possibility of miracles in the life of today and for this reason tend to be foolish to non-Catholics; but 1 Klingsor is a magician in the M.H.G, poem Der Wartburgkrieg, Novalis in Heinricb von Qfterdingen changes the spelling to Klingsohr.