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524                  MODERN   GERMAN   LITERATURE

novel that are experimentally new; thus the name of the family,
the Ortliebs, is revealing: it means that in this novel there is Orl
losigkeit to convey that human frailties and passions do not need
localising. There is also to some extent Nawenlos(gksif\ the names
of some of the characters are not given. If the novel is to be classed
as a tragedy of intensified frustration then Nabl has been successful
in his blend of genres. It is Dickensian in so far as the subsidiary
characters tend to be grotesque, and in so far as at the end, after
Josefine's suicide, the surviving characters are gathered together
and that there is a prospect of a happy ending. Die Galgmjrist
(1921) is the story of a rich malatk bm^naire^ 4der Gllickliche',
who, spoilt by his upbringing and with no courage to face life,
turns himself into his own enemy. There is again the Ichsucht of
Johannes Arlet, but here it burns inward and consumes this weak-
willed Felix. The innovation here is the Kmiw-/, in which, ironic-
ally toned, the author introduces his characters (his 'Puppenkinder')
one by one to the reader and reveals the solution without detract-
ing from the dramatic tension with which the book is read. There
is a new turn in Nabl's handling of human fate in that after hard
trials there is an acceptance of life (l*bcnsbejahnnfy when Felix
learns that a human being must be a link in the chain of the com-
munity, Em Mann von &s tern (1935) once again handles the re-
lationship of the individual to the community he lives among.
The hero is again a man favoured by fortune, who voluntarily
assumes burdens for the sake of others. It is everywhere admitted
that Nabl is a master of the Novcllc and the shorter story; the best
of them are collected, with the exception of Der Fund (1937), in
Johannes Kmnfy (1948)* The finest of the tales is Die Kindernovelh,
which probes the state of mind of a girl of thirteen and a boy of
fifteen. Nabl tried his 'prentice hand at drama: Wtibe (1905),
'Kequkscat (1905), TrwchSbe! (i<)z$) had its run of success on the
German stage. The comedy Scbichfawbsel (1928) plays with the
idea of social changes which are incompatible with the God-given
order of things. Sttimcbe Leb$mnmdltw& (1958) sketches Nabl's
autobiography, but is filled in with loving descriptions of Styrian
landscape and its people. There are autobiographical sketches,
too, combined with the tales and essays of Das Rajr0ist&& (1955),
published on the occasion of the author's seventieth birthday,
Valuable is the Nactwort which gives a short account by a friend
ofNabl'slife,